By V.PUNEETH ultimatepuneeth@gmail.com ph:8125802850


But it's not only those on low lying islands who are in danger.By 2050 the number of people living in the delta cities is set to increase by as much as 70% experts suggest vastly incresing the number of those at risk.melts the global sea level will rise by an estimated amount of 64m.Thermal expansion--the expansion of warming oceans was the main factor contributing to sea level rise. CONSEQUENCE: Because the sea level is higher at most places the water has no way to go other than flooding the land. .The 2007 intergovernmental panel on climate change(IPCC) projected a likely sea level rise of 28-43cm this century.sea level will rise by an estimated 0. INTRODUCTION: When people talk about the impact of rising sea levels.Much of ROTTERDAMEurope's busiest port city-lies several meters below sea level.principles and advantages of floating constructions taking floating pavilion as an live example.they often think of the small island states that risk being submerged if global warming continues unchecked. homes etc.5m.ABSTRACT: As an effect of global warming sea levels are rising in a much faster passion there by leading to the flooding of the lands in many parts of the world leading to heavy damage to their living places i. This is a paper presented to elucidate the methods .Glaciers-if the world's mountain glaciers and icecaps melt.in the 20th centurycurrently accounts for more than half of the observed rise in sea level.Icesheets-these vast reserves contain billions of tonnes of frozen water if the largest of them(the east arctic ice sheet).and this vulnerable position has led it to develop some of the best flood protection in the world.e.Millions of people live by thesea and are dependent on it for their livelihoods and many of the world's largest cities are on the coast. Inorder to have a better management one among the best option is to make their living areas floating in the sense to have a floating construction which rise along with rise in water levels.

DISCUSSION ON FLOATING PAVILION: Construction of a floating pavilion is an attractive project and it is the catalyst to motivate people for floating construction of concern to display the "symbiosis with the water" philosophy.floating side by side close look at the three big ball in the water translucent this striking building is a landmark in the dutch city of rotterdam and called floating pavilion.At one hand you can create nice urban developments on the water and at the same time you create buffer for rainy times.ALTERNATIVE: One of the solution of the flooded land is not to build barriers to protect it but regulate it and make it big water basins out of it.due to all the air which is in the open box it gets the ability to flow. .20 and 24m in diameter.5. (2)The second principle based on ship. Floating constructions are connected with a flexible connection to the quay so the construction can rise with the water when the tide changes. BASIC PRINCIPLE FOR MAKING FLOATING CONSTRUCTIONS: (1)To make a solid platform that lighter than the water.when needed the floating system can be moved elsewhere at short notice without leaving any scar to the environment. Floating construction is explained below with floating pavilion as an example.In total they cover a surface area of about 1000squaremetres. Floating construction constitutes one of the solutions that will be favoured more and more in the 21st century all over the world.innovative. instead a new house can be placed into the old situation which makes it most sustainable and durable way to build.but also becauseof its climate change resilient. WHAT IS FLOATING PAVILION? From a distance like the three large water droplets.It consists of three semi transperent domes of respectively 18.sustainable and flexible qualities.it is a hollow concrete box which is open on the top.The floating pavilion will be remarkable not only because of its shape consisting of three floating half spheres .the only restriction for the urban developments is that it has to float otherwise the basins cant have a buffer action.

LEARNING EXPERIENCE: The development of a floating building allows architects .certainly the rest of construction needs to be ultra light. Over the last 150 years . so the building won't sink. Important objectives of the new pavilion are to show case ways to reduce energy consumption and co2 emisssions along with floating construction.the thinnest layer measuring 20 centimeters in thickness. WHAT MAKES THE PAVILION SO SPECIAL? FLOATING FOUNDATION: The polystyrene foundation contains a cellar for technical equipment of 9 by 3 for technical equipment.by using a floating foundation. .the top of the floor will be about 80cm above the water level. protecting against the beating of the waves.WHY IT HAS BEEN BUILT? A large part of the Netherlands is situated below sea level.placed on the top of this. Raising sea levels and intensified storms lead to reinforcement of existing water management structures.These slabs form the hard shell of the pavilion. buildings can be built on the water and shipped to the future (temporary) destination on water.render the pavilion a rigid unit. It is constructed from expanded polystyrene sheets(EPS).five layers of EPS will be placed one on the top of the other.The thickest layer will contain a grid of concrete beams.for instance.and the thickest 75cm.25metres.thickness of this will be 2.' WHO DEVELOPED THE PAVILION? The complex is a design by the design team deltasync and publicdomain architects and constructed by duravermeer and rnw concept design is responsible for the interior development and development of the seminar permanent exhibition in the pavilion showcasing new ways of building . which will befastened to prefab concrete slabs.building constructors and public parties not only to learn about 'how to build on water' but also how to transport floating buildingsand all other aspects related to 'houses on water. Every strip of land and every strip of water is precious in a highly dense country like the netherlands.energy production and use and water management. the dutch people have conquerred the sea to devolop new land (polders) and protect them with dikes and extensive water pump system.a 20cm thick concrete floor will together with the beams.

designed to ADVANTAGES OF FLOATING CONSTRUCTIONS: CLIMATE MANAGEMENT: The foil roof consists of the layers of foil. as well as it's fittings.in addition. ECO FACTOR: Sustainable floating pavilion harness solar energy for power.the concept also has a great deal of potential in terms of adapting to climate change. All elements are chosen to limit the weight of the total construction: small steel frames and ETFE foil is being used to create the roofs so that floating foundation requires only a limited thickness. . A part of the upper roof elements are covered with vector foiltec that add a layer for ultraviolet protection(principle also used in the beijing olympic swimming pool). the level of sustainability of the pavilion is determined by the materials used.ULTRA LIGHT BUILDING STRUCTURE: The pavilion has been built on a 2. this construction is 100 times lighter. Compared to a glass building.floating buildings rise as the sea level rises.Air convection streams are created by window opening on ground floor level and in the top of the floor. In this climate in the different rooms is managed in a different way. floating construction lends itself excellently to the implementation of local. the building's heating and air conditioning systems rely on solar energy and surface water. Even the toilet water will be purified by its own system whatever is left. flexibility and moveability are the major advantages of the floating construction. the energy is used only in places where it is concerned. 5 meter layer of polystyrene.It contains various climatic zones. filled with air under pressure that insulates and keeps the warmth inside the building. floating is a favourable technology other sustainable technologies like local drinking water purification and sustainable energy supplies.for instance. floating pavilion is an excellent example of how a port city can change its focus to tackle the challenges of climate change. depending on the use of the room. it s flexibility. the pavilion will largely be self sufficient.can subsequently be discharged into surface water.this means that floating buildings can be easily adapted to meet changing needs. sustainable concepts for water and energy provision.

(2)Need to develop ways to make this technology adaptable to different places on earth. Some of them are: New Orleans floating city or arcology habitat on mississippi Floating homes in dutch Float at marina bay The gyre floating oceanic skyscraper Green float lilypad skyscraper city CHALLENGES BEFORE US: (1)Need to design and develop extra ordinary structures that can withstand heavy wind loads and tidal forces. and they are even strong enough to withstand currents we find on open sea.PROJECTS ON THESE: ADVANCEMENTS: floating houses with foundations. Many projects are going under construction and some more in design process around world with this concept. so they sink back down again. instead it is on a platform and is much more than a mere storage room. they slide up two broad steel posts and as the water level sinks. To prevent these houses from floating away.if necessary as the water level climbs.the hollow foundation of each house works in the same way as the hull of a ship. buoying the structure above the water. (3)Need to develop and make use of materials in an effective way needed for use in floating construction. The cellar in this case is not built into the earth.the columns have been driven deep into solid ground.the floating house itself can move up five meters. New Orleans model .

rotterdamclimateinitiative.Model of floating homes REFERENCES: www.com Green float lilypad skyscraper design in amsterdam CONCLUSION: I feel the technical knowledge we have acquired in engineering school and in practice should be put into full use not only for standard building projects but also for creating new possibilities and designs.rotterdam.greentake.wordpress. .The added value of innovation is always long term and it takes a load of good common sense and intuition to evaluate research and development.info www.com A&b magazine on architecture www.This results in product development and also in innovative engineering for otherwise standard projects.

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