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ADVICE FROM LUQMAN

THE WISE TO HIS SON

Join not in worship any Gods with your Lord


Deal gently with your Parents
Be thankful to Allah as well as to the parents
Do not worry about your Sustenance
Be steadfast in Prayer
Command what is Good and Forbid what is Evil
Be not Impatient
Be not Boastful
Walk not on the Earth with Insolence
Walk on the Earth with Quietness
BY like a Donkey
Raise not your voice
KHALID AIT BELARBI

This booklet was edited and translated into Spanish as


well as into French language by the same author

Khalid AIT BELARBI

DEDICATION
To All my Family
To All Persons who have encouraged
me to write this booklet
To All my Brothers And Sisters
To All Kind Persons in Whole the
World.
PREFACE…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………04

A GENERAL VIEW ABOUT THE ADVICE…………………………………………………05

WHO IS LUQMAN?………………………………………………………………………………………………06

SHIRK………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………08

PARENTS…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………10

GOD’S KNOWLEDGE……………………………………………………………………………………………16

PRAYER – ENJOIN WHAT IS JUST AND


FORBID WHAT IS WRONG – PATIENCE…………………………………………………16

BOASTFULNESS……………………………………………………………………………………………………22

VOICE………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………25

END……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………26

GLOSSARY………………………………………………………………………………………………………………27

REFERENCES.………………………………………………………………………………………………………29
The Islamic characters are a treasure which is not
symbolized in money, gold or wealth, but they are an art
which can be explained to behave rightly towards
ourselves first and towards others second, these
characters are more important in our social life, thanks
to them, each one can know his rights as well as his
duties for example: It is your due that the people have
to treat kindly with you, but it is your duty to deal
gently with others.
We can not be aware of the fruits of our Islamic
characters without practice, in history we read the most
of the population of Asia like Malaysia, Indonesia, China
and so on… were believed in Islam thanks to the good
characters of the Muslim traders.
It has been related of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) that
he had a Jewish neighbor who put always rubbish next to
his door house, one day the prophet did not find rubbish,
so he went to pay him a visit, he found him sick in his
house, this action let the Jewish man believe in Islam.
It is known that we will not please people with our
money, but with our high characters (moral acts).
Verily, The good characters are the bases of any
society, without them, any nation will be worthless and
the best person who has the best manners and
characters.
Moreover, thanks to them we will be able to attract
people to us, in order to guide them and ourselves
towards the right way, and to give a true image of our
religion Islam the religion of all humankind, but our
primordial purpose by behaving with the Islamic
characters, it is not only to attract people, but also to
obey Allah first.
Insha Allah, in these remembering “ Advice from Luqman
the wise to his son” we will discover one drop of our
Islamic characters mentioned in Muslim holy book, which
is Qur’an the perfect way to educate our children as well
as all humankind.

Khalid AIT BELARBI


« Behold, Luqman said to his son by way of instruction:
O my son! Join not in worship (others) with god: for
false worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing And we
have enjoined on man (to be good) to his parents: in
travail upon travail did his mother bear him, and in
years Twain was his weaning (hear the command),” Show
gratitude to me and to thy parents: to me is (thy final)
goal, but if they strive to make thee join in worship
with me things of which thou hast no knowledge, obey
theme not; yet bear theme company in this life with
justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those
who turn to me (in love): in the end the return of you
all is to me, and I will tell you the truth (and meaning)
of all that ye did.
“ My son! (Said Luqman) “ If there be (but) the weight of
a mustard – seed and it were (hidden) in a rock, or
(anywhere) in the heavens or on earth, god will bring it
forth: for god understands the finest mysteries, (and) is
well – acquainted (with them)
“ O my son! Establish regular prayer, enjoin what is
just, and forbid what is wrong: And bear with patient
constancy whate’er betide thee; for this is firmness (of
purpose) in (the conduct of) affairs, “ And swell not thy
cheek (for pride) at men, nor walk in insolence through
the earth; for god loveth not any arrogant boaster, “ And
be moderate in thy pace, and lower thy voice; for the
harshest of sounds without doubt is the braying of the
ass ».
(Qur’an) CH. XXXI: Verses from 13 until 19
Luqman is Iben Baôraa Ibn Nahur Ibn Tarah who is Azar
Abraham’s father (Abraham is a father’s prophet), his
title is Mu’ammar, he Lived 1000 years, his job was
discussed: as a carpenter, as a tailor, as a shepherd, or
as a judge in children of Israel. He was asked by God to
choose between Prophecy and wisdom, but he chose the
wisdom, which was explained to a profitable science and
good deeds. Luqman was not a prophet as some people
think, but a wise and a saint slave, he was also one of
the Egyptian blacks.
It was related that a black man came to Said iben Mussaib
Radiyallahu’ anhu (A wise man too) for asking him advice
and SAID told him to not worry for being black and he
reminded him as follows: “ The best of men are three
blacks whose names are: Bilal, Mahjaâ and Luqman the
wise. “. Luqman was described as a very silent and quiet
person, long in his thinking, deep in his sight and no
one saw him spiting, blowing his nose or crapping and
urinating.
Between his sayings which are not mentioned in the holy
Qur’an are:

• He was asked: To bring the best and the worst thing


from an Ewe; and he brought its heart and its tongue;
that is why our prophet Muhammad (PBUH)said:
“ God does not look at your faces or your bodies but
cares about your hearts and deeds ” and for the tongue
the prophet (PBUH) said ” who God preserves him from two
evils, he will enter to the Garden: what is between his
lips and his feet….”

• Luqman told a person, who looked at him: “ Although


i have big lips, very compassionate words passe through
them and even if my color is black, my heart is white.”

• he said ” to keep quiet is a wisdom ”

• he said to his son: I have regretted to talk but i


have never regretted to be quiet.

• He said: they are three kinds of brothers:


- Who profits your kindness and he does not reward
you.
- Who gives you a hand as much as this help can be
more
profitable for him.
- Who likes to be always in touch with you without
greediness.
• He said to his son: he is a liar who said: Evil with
Evil and if he is truthful tell him to light two fires,
and see if one of them can extinguish the other, but the
good deeds can extinguish Evil as the water extinguishes
fire.

• He also said to his son: We know three kind of person


during three situations:
- The mild person when he is angry.
- The brave person in the war
- Your brother in need

• He said to his son: better for you to have one thousand


friends who are little than to have one enemy, who is a
lot.
All praise belongs to Allah, Lord of the worlds. Peace
and prayer be upon Muhammad (PBUH) [who Allah told him:
(” And thou (standest) on an exalted standard of
character.” CH. LXVIII Verse 04)] his family, his
companions and all those who follow him until the last
day amen!

A) Allah, the Most High, says,

“ Behold, Luqman said to his son by way of instruction: “


O my son! Join not in worship (others) with god: for
false worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing ”
CH. XXXI Verse: 13

In this verse Luqman (PBUH) prohibits his son to not


commit shirk, which is an Arabic word for worshipping
other along with Allah Almighty, but the question is:
what is the real meaning of worship in Islam? The answer
takes place in the following way:
The Worship gathers all sayings, actions which are
permitted by Share’ah either these sayings or actions are
apparent or concealed, this definition led us to know
that the worship is to act for the sake of Allah during
our activities either mental or physical according to:
“Say: Truly, my prayer and my service of sacrifice, my
life and my death are (all) for God, the cherisher of the
worlds” CH. VI Verse: 162
Some people consider five daily prayers and visit Mecca
once in lifetime for pilgrimage, are the true sense of
worship but according to the definition above we will
come to realize that this not so, and this view is very
narrow, we suppose it is true, the question is: what are
we doing after doing five prayers and going to Mecca?
Allah creates us to serve him not only in a special
occasion, but also in all our life-deeds in accordance
with:
“ I have only created jinns and men. That they may serve
Me “ CH. LI Verse: 56
The highest worship is to firmly place confidence in all
God’s commands as well as any orders given against doing
anything and to be persuasive that all these commands and
prohibitions, are the best remedy for any matters,
without asking why? Please do not be in haste, you should
act first and then you will discover the wisdom [for
instance: The predecessors were okay to not commit
adultery because Allah Almighty said “ Nor come nigh to
adultery: For it is a shameful (deeds) and an Evil,
opening the road (To other evils).” CH. XVII Verse: 32
And actually, the science discovers that Adultery
provokes many diseases like “ AIDS “], you ought to know,
the knowledge can not be gained all at once, so you have
to learn to walk before running.
The first principles of the religion of Islam is:
The declaration of faith which reads:
LA ILLAHA ILA LAHU WA ANA MUHAMMADAN RASSULU ALLAHI

Which is an Arabic word for there is no other


object of worship but Allah and Muhammad PBUH) is
the messenger of Allah.

And if okay: why we worship (money) and the prophet


Muhammad (PBUH) said:“ he is perished who is slave
for Dinar

Why we worship (others) and Allah says:

”Say: O people of book! Come to common terms as


between us and you that we worship none but god,
that we associate no partners with
him; that we erect not, from among
ourselves, Lords and patrons other than God “
CH. III Verse: 64

Why we follow our own lusts and Allah said “ Seest thou
such a one as taketh for his god his own passion (or
impulse)? Couldst thou be a disposer of affairs for him ”
CH. XXV Verse: 43
There are two types of Shirk in Islam, which are:

1) Big Shirk: It is worshipping powers of nature or


Idols; being disobedient towards parents; to make others
similar to Allah and to sacrifice animals for them (for
example: some people sacrifice sheeps for the sake of a
death saint in order to satisfy their needs, may Allah
direct them and us to his right path amen!)

2) Small Shirk: It is acting in order to be seen of men.


The characteristics of the hypocrite person (who likes to
be seen) are: he becomes lazy in acting alone, but he
becomes quicker in acting in public; he will improve his
work if he receives praises and he will discourage if he
receives blames. I would like to enlarge that Skirk is
one of the seven disobediences perils in Islam may Allah
preserve us from him amen! .

B) The Mighty the Majestic says,

“ And we have enjoined on man (to be good) to his


parents: in travail upon travail did his mother bear him,
and in years Twain was his weaning: (hear the command),
“ show gratitude to Me and to thy parents: to Me is (thy
final) Goal. But if they strive to make thee join in
worship with Me things of which thou hast no knowledge,
obey theme not; yet bear theme company in this life with
justice (And consideration), and follow the way of those
who turn to Me (in love): in the end the return of you
all is to me, and I will tell you the truth (and meaning)
of all that ye did ”
CH. XXXI Verse: 14-15

It is an instruction for being good to our parents and


these two verses show us our mother suffering.
Before our presence to this present life, our mothers
took us and fed us during 9 months on account of their
food and their health according to: “In travail upon
travail did his mother bear him”, after this period, the
nourishment cycle comes and endures two years, in which
our mothers did not sleep good, they kept watch all the
night for us and they felt very tired, all these do not
make us neglect our fathers’ role who pass the most of
their times out of house to earn money for our food, our
education, and they pass many times to educate us and to
direct us, so God recommends us to thank him for his
favors first, and our parents second in accordance with:
“ Show gratitude to Me and to thy parents”. One can also
observe that God gives this order (“ And we have enjoined
on man (to be good) to his parents”) to the children and
not to the parents because it is normal that parents do
well to their children.
Our duties towards our parents are:

1- LOVE: it is a natural feeling created in our heart,


the more the person becomes bigger, the more he feels
love to his parents.

2- THANKS: it should not be only orally, not have a limit


and not be accounted because When we were babies, our
parents fed us, hoped a long lifetime for us, cared after
us, they kept watch all the night for us, so it is unjust
and inhuman to abandon them, that is why the prophet
Muhammad (PBUH) said: “ The paradise is under mothers’
feet ”, Please read these very nice two verses of the
holly Qur’an: “ They lord hath decreed that ye worship
none but him, and that ye be kind to parents. Whether one
or both of theme attain old age in thy life, say not to
theme a word of contempt, nor repel theme, but address
them in terms of honour, And out of kindness, lower to
theme the wing of humility, and say: “ My Lord! Bestow on
theme thy Mercy even as they cherished me in childhood.
CH. XVII Verse: 23-24

3- OBEDIENCE: it is a proof for our love and our


sincerity towards them, we have to listen to their advice
because they are more experienced than us and each One
has to obey his parents for any matters accept the
orders, which are forbidden by Allah Almighty.

4- Respect: it is to deal with them kindly, honoring


them, never prefer anybody to them specially, our wives
and our children, treating kindly with them, never be
avaricious and selfish towards them, never curse them,
Being very compassionate to them, never tell them any
word of contempt or any minor harsh word denoting
impatience like “UF”; never let them lodge at the nursing
home and never be impatient or late to execute their
needs, normally, the more the person is old, the more his
needs is a lot, the more he is oversensitive, and the
more he is nosy.

5- Al Birr: Comprises of all kinds of good and


perfection
expected in human being

Let us have a look in what Qur’an says about parents:


The highest Allah says:

1- Talk about children of Israel


“ And remember we took a covenant from the children of
Israel worship none but god; treat with kindness your
parents… “ CH. II Verses: 83
2- Talk about Yahia (PBUH)
“ He was devout and kind to his parents ”
CH. XIX Verse: 13-14
3- Talk about Jesus (PBUH)
“ He hath made me kind to my mother,
CH. XIX Verse: 32

4- “ Serve God, and join not any partners with him, and
do good to parents ” CH. IV Verse: 36

5- “ We have enjoined on man kindness to parents: but if


they (either of them) strive (to force) thee to join with
me (in worship) anything of which thou hast no knowledge,
obey them not “ CH. XXIX Verse: 8

6- “ We have enjoined on man kindness to his parents: in


pain did his mother bear him, and in pain did she give
him birth. The carrying of the (child) to his weaning is
(a period of) thirty months. At length, when he reaches
the age of full strenght and attains forty years, he
says, “ O my Lord! Grant me that i may be grateful for
thy favour which thou hast bestowed upon me, and upon
both my parents, and that i may work righteousness such
as thou mayest approve; and be gracious to me in my
issue. Truly have i turned to thee and truly do i bow (To
thee) in Islam ” CH. XLVI Verse: 15

It will be helpful to know a drop of what the Sunnah says


about parents:

1- Abdullah Iben Massûd Radiyaallahu’anhu said: 'I asked


the Prophet “ Which deed is loved most by Allah?" He
replied: To offer prayers at their early (very first)
stated times. " Abdullah asked: " What is the next (in
goodness)?" The Prophet said, "To be good and dutiful to
one's parents," 'Abdullah asked: "What is the next (in
goodness)?" The Prophet said: To participate in Jihad for
Allah's Cause. (Reported by Al Bukhare and Muslim)

2- Abi Huraira Radiyaallahu’anhu said: A man came to


Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Who is more
entitled to be treated with the best companionship by
me?" The Prophet said, "Your mother." The man said: "Who
is next?" The Prophet said: "Your mother." The man
further said: "Who is next?" The Prophet said:
" Your mother." The man asked for the fourth time: "Who
is next?" The Prophet said: "Your father."
(Reported by al Bukhare and Muslim)

3- Al-Mughira Radiyallahu’anhu said: The Prophet said: “


Allah has forbidden you (1) to be undutiful to your
mothers (2) to withhold (what you should give) or (3)
demand (what you do not deserve), and (4) to bury your
daughters alive. And Allah has disliked that (A) you
talk too much about others (B), ask too many questions
(in religion), or (C) waste your property."
(Reported by Al bukhare)

4- Abdullah iben Amr Radiallahu’anhu said: A man said to


the Prophet: "Shall I participate in Jihad?" The Prophet
said: "Are your parents living?" The man said: "Yes." the
Prophet said: "Do Jihad for their benefit."
(Reported by al Bukhare and Muslim)

5- Anas Iben Malik Radiallahu’anhu said: Allah's


Apostle said: " Whoever loves that he be granted more
wealth and that his lease of life be prolonged then he
should keep good relations with his Kith and kin."
( (Reported by Al Bukhare)
So we have not to sunder what Allah has ordered to be
joined (of course kith and kin includes not only friends,
but our parents too).

6- Abu Bakrata Radiyaallahu’anhu said: Allah’s Apostle


said three times: "Shall I not inform you of the
biggest of the great sins?" We said, "Yes, O Allah's
Apostle" He said: "To join partners in worship with
Allah, to be undutiful to one's parents." The Prophet
sat up after he had been reclining and added: "And I
warn you against giving forged statement and a false
witness; I warn you against giving a forged statement
and a false witness." The Prophet kept on saying that
warning till we thought that he would not stop.
(Reported by al Bukhare and Muslim)

7- Abdullah Iben Amr Radiyallahu’anhu said: Allah’s


Apostle said: The greatest sins: "To join partners in
worship with Allah; to be undutiful or unkind to one's
parents; to kill a soul and the false witness."
(Reported by Al Bukhare)

8- Abdullah iben Amr Allah's Apostle said. "It is one of


the greatest sins that a man should curse his parents."
It was asked (by the people), "O Allah's Apostle! How
does a man curse his parents?" The Prophet said, "'The
man abuses the father of another man and the latter
abuses the father of the former and abuses his mother."
(Reported by Al Bukhare and Muslim)

9- Al Barau iben Azib Radiyaallahu’anhu said: The


Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said:” The aunt (Mother’s
sister) has the same degree like a Mother “
(Reported by Termidi)

10- Asma ibent Abu Bakr Radiallahu’anhuma said : My


mother came to me(She was not a Muslim), hoping (for my
favor) during the lifetime of the Prophet and i asked
the Prophet: "May I treat her kindly?" He replied,
"Yes." (Reported by al Bukhare and Muslim)

It is also helpful to enrich our soul with:

 It was related that a Muslim man called “El Fodail


Ibn Yahia Rahimahullahu, put a bronzed pitcher full of
cold water on his belly in order that the water became
hot for his father who is a prisoner with him.

 A wise man said: to see five things is a worship:


To see: parents, sea, Qur’an, rock and house.

 Zine Al Abiding Rahimahu Allahu was asked: as we know,


The best of men who does good to his mother is you, but
why we have never seen you eating with her at the same
dish? And Zine Al Abiding answered: I do not like that my
hand anticipates what my mother’s eyes saw in order to
not be disobedient.

Between The fruits of being dutiful or kind to one's


parents is: Our supplication will be accepted by Allah;
please read this story which reported by Al Bukhare and
Muslim: (Iben 'Umar radiallahu’anh said: Allah's Apostle
said, "While three persons were traveling, they were
overtaken by rain and they took shelter in a cave in a
mountain. A big rock fell from the mountain over the
mouth of the cave and blocked it. They said to each
other: Think of such good (righteous) deeds which, you
did for Allah's sake only, and invoke Allah by giving
reference to those deeds so that Allah may relieve you
from your difficulty. One of them said: O Allah! I had my
parents who were very old and I had small children for
whose sake I used to work as a shepherd. When I returned
to them at night and milked (the sheep), I used to start
giving the milk to my parents first before giving to my
children. And one day I went far away in search of a
grazing place (for my sheep), and didn't return home till
late at night and found that my parents had slept. I
milked (my livestock) as usual and brought the milk
vessel and stood at their heads, and I disliked to wake
them up from their sleep, and I also disliked to give the
milk to my children before my parents though my children
were crying (from hunger) at my feet.
So this state of theirs and mine continued till the day
dawned. (O Allah!) If you considered that I had done
that only for seeking Your pleasure, then please let
there be an opening through which we can see the sky.
So Allah made for them an opening through which they
could see the sky. Then the second person said: O
Allah! I had a she-cousin (uncle’s daughter) whom I
loved as much as a passionate man love a woman. I tried
to seduce her but she refused till I paid her one-
hundred Dinars So I worked hard till I collected one
hundred Dinars and went to her with that But when I sat
in between her legs (to have sexual intercourse with
her), she said: O Allah's slave! Be afraid of Allah! Do
not deflower me except legally (by marriage contract).
So I left her O Allah! If you considered that I had
done that only for seeking Your pleasure then please
let the rock move a little to have a (wider) opening.'
So Allah shifted that rock to make the opening wider
for them. And the last (third) person said: O Allah! I
employed a laborer for wages equal to a Faraq (a
certain measure: of rice, and when he had finished his
job he demanded his wages, but when I presented his due
to him, he gave it up and refused to take it. Then I
kept on sowing that rice for him (several times) till
managed to buy with the price of the yield, some cows
and their shepherd Later on the laborer came to me and
said: '(O Allah's slave!) Be afraid of Allah, and do
not be unjust to me an give me my due.' I said (to
him): Go and take those cows and their shepherd! So he
took them and went away. (So, O Allah!) If you
considered that I had done that for seeking Your
pleasure, then please remove the remaining part of the
rock.' And so Allah released them (from their
difficulty)."

In the reality, what good we realize towards one’s


parents, we will still be ungrateful comparable to them,
May Allah prolong their life amen!
Please brothers and sisters, All what we have seen above
about parents, is also applied to Non–Muslim parents.
C) Allah, the Most High, says,
“ O my son!” (Said Luqman) “ If there be (but) the weight
of a mustard – seed and it were (hidden) in a rock, or in
the heavens or on earth, god will bring it forth: for god
understands the finest mysteries, (and) is well –
acquainted (with them). “
CH. XXXI Verse: 16

In this verse, Luqman informs his son that Allah has full
knowledge, this full knowledge led us to confess that
Allah knows our secrets and sees all the world and sees
our open action and before committing any sins, even they
were like a mustard – seed, it will be in our account in
accordance with:
“ Then shall anyone who has done an atom’s weight of
good, see it! And anyone who has done an atom’s weight of
evil, shall see it.” CH. XCIX Verse: 7-8

We can also understand from this verse that Allah is


AL RAZAK and if our sustenances are hidden in a rock, in
the heavens or in the earth, they can be brought by Allah
to us.
Briefly, we have to know that we are all controlled by
Allah, so we have not to commit sins and Allah takes
charge of our sustenances, so we have not to worry about
this life (eat, drink, wear, and so on…) and who sustains
the birds (God) can also sustain all human beings who are
more valuable than animals.

D) The High Majestic says,

“O my son! Establish regular prayer, enjoin what is just,


and forbid what is wrong: And bear with patient constancy
whate’er betide thee; for this is firmness (of purpose)
in (the conduct of) affairs. “
CH. XXXI Verse: 17

In this verses, Luqman admonishes his son to establish


Salât, which is an Arabic word for prayer, to enjoin what
is just and forbid what is wrong and to be patient when
he feels unpleasant.
Let us see a brief account on each ones:

1) Salât (Prayer):
His first meaning is:
A total spiritual obligatory movements which gathers:
reciting Qur’an, bowing, prostrating, standing and
sitting and so on… all these movements have to be applied
to the Sunnah according to the prophet (PBUH) saying: “
Pray as you saw me, i prayed ” and Salât is the first
five pillars in Islam.
They are five prayers in a day, which are: Al subhu, Al
duharu, Al âsru, Al maghribu and Al îchau; any Muslim
will be sinful if he does not establish it, it is
necessary to the heart like a food to the body, if we
establish it, we will be very near to Allah and have more
spiritual energy, but we should know that there is no
need to establish it since our prayer does not restrain
us from shameful and unjust deeds.

His second meaning is:


Duâa:
It is used to ask Allah almighty for
something (Iman, health, success,
work, and so on…)
Allah Almighty says:
“ Say (to Rejecters): My lord is not uneasy because of
you, if ye call not on him … “ CH. XXV Verse: 77

Allah also says, “ When my servants ask thee concerning


Me, I am indeed close (close to them):
I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calleth
on Me: Let theme also, with a will, listen to My call,
and believe in Me: That they may walk in the right way “
CH. II Verse: 186

2) Enjoin what is just and forbid what is wrong


“ When the cat is away the mice will play ”, it is true,
when a person in authority is not present, they others
will take advantage and do things they can not do when he
is there, so to enjoin what is just and to forbid what is
wrong is a big responsibility thanks to it, the
responsibles can protect their societies from: dope
(drugs), mischief, corruption, and so forth…
To enjoin what is just and to forbid what is wrong needs
science, capacity, wisdom and to set a good example of
course.

3) Patience
To call to Allah is full of obstacles, sufferings,
discouragement, and when we call people to Allah the most
of them turn away, they thrust their fingers into their
ears and we hear much what will grieve us because they do
not like to abandon their desires, so they attack this
calling by all kinds of weapons and the most dangerous is
mass media, but the best shelter and defiance to this
attack is patience, which is a determining factor in all
affairs. I would like to insist: Calling to Allah does
not need hardness according to “ It is part of the Mercy
of god that thou dost deal Gently with them. Wert thou
severe or harsh – hearted, they would have broken away
from about thee: so pass over (their faults), and ask for
(God’s) forgiveness for them….” CH. III Verse: 159
It is regrettable, to take men away from Allah by our
bad characters, it was related that an Arab urinated in
the mosque and the Sahaba ran to beat him, Allah's
Apostle said, "Do not interrupt his urination." And
when he finished, the Prophet asked for a tumbler of
water and poured the water over the place of urine,
then the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) told him: O Allah’s
Slave! The mosques are built to celebrate god’s praises
and not for dirtiness and the Arab prayed: "O Allah!
Bestow Your Mercy on me and Muhammad (PBUH) only and do
not bestow it on anybody else along with us." And the
prophet said: "You have limited (narrowed) a very vast
(thing)," meaning Allah's Mercy. This action shows us
that the sentimental side in calling to Allah is more
important because the magical key for hearts is to
behave with kindness towards human beings.
One other point must be emphasized that the Muslims have
a firm belief in the previous prophets and their books,
one must be nice to the followers of these prophets, have
a good relation with them and speak with them in the
right way when discussing any matter, particularly the
matter of belief, this meaning is given in the verse of
the holy Qur’an which says “ Invite (all) to the way of
thy lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching; and argue
with them in ways that are best and most gracious; for
thy lord knoweth best, who have strayed from his path and
who receive guidance “ CH. XVI Verse: 125

The scholar Muslim Im am Ahmed Iben Hanbal Radiyallahu’


Anhu said: patience in Qur’an is mentioned nearly ninety
times.
The Iman in Islam is composed of two parts, which are
patience and thanks.
Moreover, there is no virtue has mentioned in the Qur’an
more than patience because the patience is the base of
many virtues for example:
- To be a brave person, you need patience to not lose all
your endurances against your bitterness for example the
brave person who is in control of himself during his
anger and not who is succeed in fighting others.
- To be a chaste person like the prophet Yusuf (PBUH) you
need patience to not fulfilling your heart’s desires.
- To be a mild person like the prophet Muhammad (PBUH))
you need patience to pardon all men and not get angry
when other people behave badly and to have a mind free
from grievance and vengeance.
- To be a secretive person you need patience to control
your tongue against any expressed word.

It is regrettable; some people consider patience in Islam


like a call to accept what is unjust, humiliation,
slavery, defeat, and to submit to the bad circumstances,
but this call is completely false according to the
Islamic teachings please read:
The high Majestic says
a) “ When angels take the souls of those who die in sin
against their souls, they say: “ In what (plight) were
ye? ” They reply: “ weak and oppressed were we in the
earth.” They say: was not the earth of god Spacious
enough for you to move yourselves away (From evil)?”
Such men will find their abode in hell, what an evil
refuge! “ CH. IV Verse: 97

b) “ So lose not heart nor fall into despair for ye must


gain mastery if ye are true in faith.”
CH. III Verse: 139
c) “ And why should ye not fight in the cause of God And
of those who, being weak, are ill-treated (and
oppressed)? Men, Women, and children whose cry is: “ Our
Lord! Rescue us from this town, Whose people are
oppressors; and raise for us from thee one who will help”
CH. IV Verse: 75

d) “ O My sons! Go ye and enquire about Josef and his


brother, and never Give up hope of God’s soothing mercy:
Truly no one despairs of God’s soothing mercy, except
those who have no faith “
CH. XII Verse: 87

The patience that Islam wants is the perseverance for


defying all kinds of obstacles, to stand up to the change
of the life, and to try to do the best to transform the
misfortunes to the favors; it is not bad to fall down but
the worst if you are still lying on the floor, you should
stand up and try, try and never be weary, never be in
haste and never say: “ I can not, it is impossible, i do
not know since you do not try 1009 times. “
It is not logical, the result will be negative since you
add the positive number up, so please be always
optimistic and positive and remind yourselves with:

- Allah Almighty always does the best to you.

- “ It is possible that ye dislike a thing which is good


for you, and and that ye love a thing which is bad for
you . But God Knoweth, and ye know not” .
CH. II Verse: 216

- “ Nothing can be gained without a certain amount of


discomfort and effort. ”

- “ Nothing is precarious “

- “ Nothing is impossible accept the death “

- “ Every birth has to be mixed with pain. ”

-
- " Allah is more merciful to His slaves than the
mother to her son."

- “ The glorious person, who fails many times (minimum


1009 times).”

- “ An important task needs perseverance and patience. It


can not be completed in a short time.

- ” Every dawn has to follow the darkness and every hill


hides the fertile plains behind it. ”

- “ So, Verily, With every difficulty there is relief. “


CH. XCIV Verse: 05

“ No gain without pain “

E) The Mighty the Majestic says,

“ And swell not thy cheek (for pride) at men, nor walk in
insolence through the earth; for god loveth not any
arrogant boaster.”
CH. XXXI Verse: 18

It is an order from Luqman to his son against


boastfulness, the boastful person can deny and not admit
other’s rights; he considers others like a seed because
he thinks he is topmost.
Let us have a look in the holly qur’an and Sunnah about
boastfulness:

The high majestic says:

a) “ But those who reject our signs and treat them with
arrogance, they are companions of the fire, to dwell
therein (for ever)”. CH. VII Verse: 36

b) “ To those who reject our signs and treat them with


arrogance, no opening will there be of the gates of
heaven, nor will they enter the garden……”
CH. VII Verse: 40

c) ” Verily he loveth not the arrogant “


CH. XVI Verse: 23

d) “ But those who are too arrogant to serve me will


surely find themselves in hell- in humiliation! “
CH. XL Verse: 60

• Abdu Allah Iben Massûd Radiyallahu’anhu said:


The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said: “ no One can the hell
be his goal since his heart contains a weight of a seed
of Iman and no one can the Garden be his goal since his
heart contains a weight of a seed of boastfulness ”.
(Reported by Muslim)

• Iben Massûd Radiyaallahu’anhu said: (“The messenger of


Allah said: no one will enter the garden since his heart
contains a weight of a seed of boastfulness”, and a man
asked: ” if a man likes his clothes and his shoe to be
beautiful? “ and the prophet (PBUH) said: “Allah is
beautiful and he likes the beauty, the boastfulness is to
deny, to scorn what is just and to depreciate people “).
(Reported by Muslim)

• Abi Hurayra Radiyaallahu’anhu said: (“ The messenger of


Allah (PBUH) said: “ Three kinds of persons, Allah will
not talk to them in the day of judgement, purify them
not, and they will have a grievous punishment, who are:
an older person who commit adultery, a liar king and a
boastful poor person.”) (Reported by Muslim)
The boastfulness eliminates love in our social life and
our religion wants love be the base of all our social
relations according to the saying of the prophet (PBUH)
- “ No one among you he believes till he likes to his
brother what he likes to himself ”
- "Beware of suspicion, for suspicion is the worst of
false tales; and do not look for the others' faults and
do not spy, and do not be jealous of one another, and
do not desert (cut your relation with) one another, and
do not hate one another; and O Allah's worshipers! Be
brothers (as Allah has ordered you!")
I do not know exactly why boastfulness? If the person
boasts for being superior in strength, he should know
that Allah is the most superior in strength than him, and
Allah can make him lying in bed for a long time due to
simple illness.
If he boasts for his beauty, the beauty is not
precarious.
If the person boasts for being rich, the death can not
distinguish between rich and poor person, please look at
the death’s hand and you will find it empty.
Verily, the wealth is in our soul: A Wise man said:
“ A slave person will be free if he is abstemious and a
free person will be a slave if he is greedy.”
The Moses (PBUH) asked Allah this question: who is the
richest person? God answered: who is satisfied with my
donation. And the reasonable person who does not rely on
his money because it is possible to be lost in one minute
by going bankrupt, by currency fall or by having a
terrible illness and so forth…
It was related that Al Imam Ali Radiyaallahu’anhu said:
- Who relies on his money, his money will be in a small
quantity.
- Who relies on his mind, he will be lost.
- Who relies on his honor or his power, he will be
humiliated and who relies on Allah, he will never be
poor, never be lost and never be humiliated; really we
are completely worthless without Allah.
The prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was used to pray: o My Allah!
let me not rely on myself to not be unable and let me not
rely on others to not be lost.
Between the characteristics of the boastful person are:
Speaking with scorn, call others by an offensive
nickname, not eating, not staying, not shaking hands with
the poor and walking on the earth with insolence, that
person does not aware that he can not rend the earth
asunder, nor reach the mountains in height and he does
not know that all human beings were created from dust and
there is no reason to feel he is above another (poor,
black or colored people and so on…) and he forgets that
to Allah is the return and the Fire comprises every
cruel, violent, proud and conceited person, and Allah
does not look at our faces or our bodies but cares about
our hearts and deeds because all these appearances can be
deceptive.
“ The beauty is only skin deep “

F) Allah, the Most High, says.

“ And be moderate in thy pace, and lower thy voice; for


the harshest of sounds without doubt is the braying of
the ass “
CH. XXXI Verse: 19

This is the last advice from Luqman the wise to his son,
in which he admonishes him to walk seriously and with
quietness and not lower his voice to not be like a donkey
whose voice is the worst voices in whole the world.

Insha Allah in this last saying below we will see that it


summarizes the most of our last teachings:
It was related that Anas Radiyallahu’anhu said: the
prophet Muhammad (PBUH) said: the high majestic said:
” I have four qualities which one of them is mine, the
second is for you, the third is between you and me and
the last one is between you and my servants and what is
mine: to not worship other along with me, what is yours:
if you do a good deeds, I will reward you, what is
between you and me: To pray (Duâa) and the acceptance is
mine and what is between you and my servants: To like to
themselves what you like to yourself.
Dear readers, I hope that all these advice will not be
profitable by our children only but also by all human
beings without any distinction Wa Salamu Alaykum Wa
Rahmatu Allahi Taâla Wa Barakatuh.

By the power of Allah Almighty to who all praises, lord


of the worlds, I have finished this booklet talking about
advice from Luqman the wise to his son and i pray my
Allah to be more profitable and valuable for all readers
Insha Allah.
Please brothers and sisters, if you find anything to
criticize or to correct, do not hesitate to write me at:
khalid_ait_belarbi@hotmail.com
Moreover, I would like to draw your attention that any
criticism as well as any correction will be more
appreciated WA zazakumu Allahu khayran Wa Salamu
Alaykumu Wa Rahmatu Allahi Taâla Wa Barakatuhu.
PROPHET A person inspired to speak in God’s
name.
MUHAMMAD Arabic Prophet.
PBUH Peace Be Up on Him.
INSHA ALLAH God willing
IBEN Son of.
MU’AMMAR The long-lived
RADIYALLAHU’ANHU May Allah be pleased with him
Allah Arabic word for God
SHIRK To worship other along with Allah
almighty.
ISLAM Muslims’ religion that means peace
and submission to the will of God he
has revealed to the prophet Muhammad
(Peace Be Upon Him).
SHARE’AH Divine code law.
LA ILLAHA ILA ALLAHU There is no other object of worship
WA ANA MUHAMMADAN but Allah and Muhammad is the
RASULU ALLAHI messenger of Allah.
DINAR Silver coin.
SUNNAH Is the prophet’s sayings, actions
and what his companions did, to
which he showed no objection.
JIHAD Striving and fighting to make the
word of Allah supreme
RAHIMAHU ALLAHU May Allah bestow his mercy upon him
AL RAZAK Sustained.
DUAA Supplication.
SAHABA The predecessors.
IMAM Leader; (leader in Salat)
ARABIC ONES:

1- EL BAHAR MUHIT FI TAFSSSIR (EIGHTH EPISODE)


EDITED BY MUHAMMAD IBEN YUSUF WHO WELL –KNOWN
BY ABI HAYAN AL ANDALOUSSI AL GHARNATI

2- TAYSSSIR EL KARIM AL RAHMAN FI TAFSSIR KALAM EL


MINAN EDITED BY SHAYKH ABDU AL RAHMAN IBEN NASER
ESSAADI PRESENTED BY SHAYKH ABDU ALLAH IBEN ABDU
AZIZ IBEN AKIL AND BY SHAYKH MUHAMMAD IBEN SAALIH AL
UTHAYMEEN

3- ZAD AL MOUSAYIR FI ILM TAFSSSIR


EDITED BY AL IMAM ABI AL FARAJ JAMAL EDDIN ABDU
AL RAHMAN IBEN ALI IBEN MUHAMMAD AL JAWZI AL KERASHI
AL BARDADI (SIXTH EPISODE).

4- AL JAMIA LI AHKAM AL QUR’AN (FOURTEENTH EPISODE)


EDITED BY ABI ABDU ALLAH MUHAMMAD AL ANSARI AL
KOURTUBI (FOURTEENTH EPISODE).

5- TAFSSIR AL QUR’AN AL ADIM (SIXTH EPISODE)


EDITED BY AL IMAM IBENU KATIR AL KORASHI AL DIMASHKI

6- SAYD AL KALAM
EDITED BY KHALID SAYED ALI

ENGLISH ONES:

THE GLOURIOUS KUR’AN:TRANSLATION AND COMMENTARY BY


ABDALLAH YOUSUF ALI