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All essays should include the following:

T ime
ESSAY TIPS
Place
101
People
T hesis

Or, consider the 5 W’s approach!

Who

What

When

Where

Why CAUSES, DETAILS,


CONSEQUENCES

Introductions should do the following: Question 1:


1. Establish TIME & PLACE.
PLACE. Geographic factors such as land features,
resources, location, and climate of nations
2. Create a clear, THESIS STATEMENT and regions affect how people live.
that answers the question.
• Select one geographic factor that influenced
3. Include KEY DEFINITIONS.
DEFINITIONS. life in a nation or region before A.D. 1500,
4. Mention the SUB-
SUB-TOPICS or categories and using specific examples discuss the
influence of that geographic factor on the
you will discuss to support your thesis. people of that nation or region.
This is often called the “plan of attack.”
attack.”
• Select a different geographic factor that
HINT: You may look to the Historical Context
HINT: influenced life in a nation or region after A.D.
or Theme section for ideas, but DO NOT COPY! 1500, and using specific examples discuss
Instead, use the material provided to “set the the influence of that geographic factor on the
stage” for your answer. people of that nation or region.
GEOGRAPHIC FACTOR 1
(BEFORE 1500) • Select one geographic
FEATURE:
AREA:
RIVER VALLEY
NILE IN EGYPT OR
factor that influenced life in
a nation or region before Question 2:
TIGRIS-EUPHRATES A.D. 1500, and using
IN ANCIENT SUMERIA specific examples discuss
DETAILS: Yearly flood; fertile the influence of that Geographic factors have influenced historical
soil; development of geographic factor on the developments and historical events of
calendar; irrigation; people of that nation or nations or regions.
transportation; region.
papyrus; pyramids
• Choose two nations and/or regions and for
each:
GEOGRAPHIC FACTOR 2 • Select a different
(AFTER 1500) geographic factor that • Identify and describe two geographic factors
FEATURE: ISLAND influenced life in a nation or in each nation and/or region.
AREA: BRITAIN region after A.D. 1500, and
Provided protection
using specific examples • Explain how each factor has influenced the
DETAILS:
from attack
discuss the influence of historical development or a specific
(Napoleon/Hitler). that geographic factor on historical event in each nation and/or region.
the people of that nation or
Transportation/trade region.
Mercantilism/colonies

How do I create the outline? Question 3:


For each bulleted item, make certain you have an
answer for as many cases as required!! • Select two changes that a society or two
REGION/NATION 1 REGION/NATION 2 different societies have made to their land or
MIDDLE GREAT • Choose two nations
and/or regions. surrounding environment, and for each change:
EAST BRITAIN
Island
• Identify the society in which the change took
River Oil Natural • Identify and describe
Valley location resources
two geographic factors place
in each nation and/or • Describe how the physical environment was
region.
changed by human activity
Nile and Economic Protection Coal • Explain how each
Development from attack. Industrial factor has influenced • Discuss how the change in the physical
Tigris- Nap./Hitler Revolution
Euphrates
----------------- the historical environment affected society
Persian Gulf ------------- development or a
Ancient War Trade specific historical
Egypt & Mercantilism event in each nation
Sumeria and/or region.

SUGGESTIONS:
CHANGE 1 CHANGE 2 Egypt: Nile Irrigation
• Select two changes that a
Sumeria: Tigris-Euphrates Irrigation
society or two different
societies have made to Inca: Terrace Farming (Machu Picchu )
their land or surrounding Inca: Road Systems (10,000 mile road)
environment, and for each
change: Britain: Burning of Fossil Fuels
Coal  Industrial Revolution

• Identify the society in France: Nuclear Power


which the change took 80% of electricity supplied
place with nuclear power today

• Describe how the physical China: Canal Systems


environment was changed Grand Canal linking Yellow
River with Yangtze
by human activity
Egypt: Canal Systems
• Discuss how the change in (Ancient times – connected
the physical environment Nile with Red Sea)
affected society (Modern times – France
completes Suez Canal)
Question 4: How do I create the outline?
For each bulleted item, make certain you have an
answer for as many cases as required!!
• Choose one political revolution from your
study of global history and geography and FRENCH Choose one political revolution
from your study of global
history and geography and
• Explain the causes of the political revolution. REVOLUTION
Inequality among Social Classes • Explain the causes of the
• Describe the effects this political revolution 3 estates  unfair tax structure political revolution.
had on society.
King overthrown, Power shifts to • Describe the effects this
• Evaluate whether the changes that resulted Bourgeoisie. Reign of Terror political revolution had on
occurs. Napoleon seizes power. society.
from the political revolution resolved the Despite the seizure of power by
problems that caused it. Napoleon, many of the ideals of the • Evaluate whether the changes
revolution such as “equality before that resulted from the political
revolution resolved the
the law” are supported by him. With problems that caused it.
his defeat militarily, King Louis XVIII
is put on the throne.

POLITICAL REVOLUTIONS
Question 5:
FRENCH REVOLUTION (1789)
CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICAN
REVOLUTIONS (1815-1825) • Identify two individuals who have
CHINESE REVOLUTION (1949)
RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (1917) changed global history.
IRANIAN REVOLUTION (1979)
• Explain one belief or achievement of
the individual
• Discuss the positive and/or negative
effects of the individual’s belief or
achievement.

JOHN SIMON • Identify two individuals Question 6:


LOCKE BOLIVAR who have changed global
history.
• Identify two leaders who changed the society
He proposed Believed that the in which they lived, and for each
that governments people of South
derived their America should • Explain one belief or • Describe one situation the leader attempted
power from the be free from achievement of the
“consent of the Spanish control. individual to change.
governed.”
• Describe one action the leader took to
This led to many
change this situation.
Bolivar led
revolutions revolutions
• Discuss the positive • Discuss the impact of that action on the
against tyranny, against Spain in
including the Venezuela, and/or negative effects of society in which the leader lived.
American, French, Columbia, the individual’s belief or
and various Latin Ecuador, Bolivia, achievement.
American and Peru!!
revolutions.
How do I create the outline? Important Leaders
For each bulleted item, make certain you have an • GANDHI
answer for as many cases as required!! • MANDELA
• Identify two leaders who
• MAO
MAHATMA NELSON
GANDHI MANDELA changed the society in which • BISMARCK
they lived, and for each
Free India from End Apartheid • Describe one situation the • STALIN
British rule (segregation) in leader attempted to change
South Africa • HITLER
Led with civil Led the ANC • Describe one action the
disobedience against white rulers leader took to change this • GORBACHEV
(i.e. Salt March) of South Africa situation
India and Released by De • Discuss the impact of that
Pakistan Clerk after 27 action on the society in
achieved years. Elected which the leader lived
independence President. Works
from Britain in to integrate
1947. S. Africa.

Pride and patriotism, stemming


Question 7: from a common culture and/or
ethnic backround.
• Define the term
nationalism.

Nazi Ottoman Empire • Identify two nations or


• Define the term nationalism. regions which have been
Germany (Turkey) affected by nationalism.
• Identify two nations or regions which
Germans, Turks commit
have been affected by nationalism. believing in their genocide against • Describe how nationalism
has had positive and/or
• Describe how nationalism has had racial superiority,
started WW-II and
Armenian Christian
population, killing
negative effects on each
nation or region selected.
positive and/or negative effects on killed 6 million 1.5 million people.
each nation or region selected. Jews and many
others.
• Evaluate whether nationalism in In Nazi Germany and the Ottoman • Evaluate whether
general has had a positive or negative Empire (Turkey), nationalism was nationalism in general has
clearly used to extreme negative had a positive or negative
effect on the world. effect. Millions of Innocent people effect on the world.
were killed in the first genocides of
the 20th century.

How are documents JANUARY 2004 Choose 2 of the


following:
referred to in a DBQ? NEOLITHIC
REVOLUTION
SCIENTIFIC
REVOLUTION
GREEN
REVOLUTION
Neolithic
Revolution,
Scientific
Question 8: Hunting and
gathering
Rejected
traditional
Transformation of
nations from
Revolution,
Green
ended. authority and subsistence
Choose 2 of the following: Revolution.
Systematic church agriculture to
Neolithic Revolution, agriculture – teachings in a thriving
the regular favor of agricultural Explain the
Scientific Revolution, growing of objective economy. (Doc 4) significant
Green Revolution. food – began. observations of social,
(Doc. 2) nature.
intellectual,
Explain the significant social, intellectual, and/or
Isaac Newton
and/or economic changes resulting from •Population Size
(Doc. 5) India (Doc 7) economic
•Trade changes
each of the two revolutions. Copernicus
resulting from
•Development of Galileo
Francis Bacon each of the two
the Arts
(Doc. 3) revolutions.
THE TO DOING THE DBQ:
Question 9: BEFORE reading the documents:
1. Generate a list of all key terms
• In the late 1800s and early 1900s, imperialism you can remember…
affected many societies throughout the 2. Group them together to assist
world. Perspectives on imperialism differed you later.
depending on a person’s point of view.
General terms:
• Discuss imperialism from the point of view of Imperialism, Mercantilism, White Man’s Burden
the imperialist power. INDIA AFRICA CHINA JAPAN

• Discuss imperialism from the point of view of Sepoy “Scramble Opium War Meiji
Mutiny for Africa” Taiping Reb. Restoration
the colonized people. Berlin Conf. “Spheres of
Suez Canal Influence”
Open Door
Boxer Reb.

IMPERIALISM
How do I create the outline? GENERAL INFO CASE SPECIFIC INFO
(applicable to all cases)
For each bulleted item, make certain you have an
answer for as many cases as required!! Imperialism used to gain raw AFRICA Discuss
materials and as markets for “Scramble for Africa” (OI) imperialism
In the late 1800s and early finished goods. (Doc. 1) --took over Africa (Doc. 6) from the
IMPERIALISM 1900s, imperialism affected WHITE MAN’S BURDEN (OI)
Berlin Conference (OI) point of
view of the
many societies throughout the Railways & roads (Doc. 3)
CASE world. Perspectives on Education, irrigation techniques, Ended slave trade. (Doc. 3) imperialist
GENERAL INFO imperialism differed depending power.
SPECIFIC farming methods shown. (Doc. 2) Suez canal – Egypt (OI)
(applicable to all cases) INFO on a person’s point of view.
INDIA
Shut down local production; textile industry (Doc 6)
• Discuss imperialism from the Discuss
point of view of the imperialist devastated local economies. Gandhi – “homespun” (OI)
imperialism
power. Europeans were greedy, limited Sepoy Mutiny - 1857 (OI) from the
human rights, and oppressed point of
the colonial areas. (Doc. 7) CHINA view of the
• Discuss imperialism from the colonized
point of view of the colonized Imposed their culture on others. Opium War (OI) people
people “Spheres of Influence” (OI)
Many rebellions against Taiping Rebellion (OI)
foreign rule occurred. Boxer Rebellion
JAPAN – Meiji Restoration

What impact did geographic


features have on national
development?
KEY FEATURE: -- RIVER VALLEY

CONCEPTS •

Tigris-Euphrates river  Sumeria/Babylonia
Nile River  Ancient Egypt
• Indus River valley  GUPTA Empire
• Yellow River  Chinese Shang Dynasties
(Huang He)
FEATURE: -- ISLAND POLITICAL REVOLUTIONS
Provides protection and maximizes FRENCH REVOLUTION (1789)
potential for shipping & trade. CENTRAL & SOUTH AMERICAN
REVOLUTIONS (1815-1825)
• BRITAIN CHINESE REVOLUTION (1949)
• JAPAN RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (1917)
IRANIAN REVOLUTION (1979)

FEATURE: -- MOUNTAINS
Provides protection and separated
communities.
• ANCIENT GREECE – CITY STATES
• ANCIENT ROME – PROTECTED FROM
BARBARIAN TRIBES

KEY TURNING POINTS IMPORTANT LEADERS


ECONOMIC NEOLITHIC REVOLUTION • GANDHI
AGRICULTURAL REVOLUTION
SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION • MANDELA
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
GREEN REVOLUTION
• MAO
POLITICAL ENLIGHTENMENT • BISMARCK
FRENCH REVOLUTION
LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS • STALIN
INDEPENDENCE MOVEMENTS (INDIA) • HITLER
DEFEAT OF NAZI GERMANY (WW-II)
INVENTION & USE OF THE ATOMIC BOMB (1945) • GORBACHEV
END OF THE COLD WAR (1989)
END OF APARTHEID (S. AFRICA – 1990))
SOCIAL/ENVIRONMENTAL
SPREAD OF AIDS (1980’s  present)
ONSET OF GLOBAL WARMING (1990’s  present)

KEY INVENTIONS BELIEF SYSTEMS


IMPACT
• ASTROLABE, SEXTANT, COMPASS
Polytheism  Monotheism
• TELESCOPE

• MICROSCOPE • Animism • Judaism


• PRINTING PRESS • Shintoism • Christianity
• STEAM ENGINE
• Hinduism Catholicism
• TELEVISION
• Buddhism Protestantism
• COMPUTER
• Confucianism • Islam
• NUCLEAR POWER 1.
2.
• Taoism