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RUNNING STITCH FAMILY(http://www.rocksea.org/hand-embroidery/runningstitch/laced-running-stitch) The basic.The foundation of many other embroidery and stitch works like the Indian Kantha work or Chikankari work.
hand embroidery sample : running stitch
Running stitch is also laid as a foundation for a variety of patterns, some of which I will show in subsequent posts, so that you get an idea on what different ways these stitches can be used as a foundation for. Then, the rest is upto your imagination!
hand embroidery sample : running stitch varieties
Take a contrastign colored thread and bring it out from near the first running stitch. It incorporates the technique of Chinese stitch or Pekinese stitch. there is more thread shown on the upperside than the underside in a running stitch. The knowledge of the pekinese stitch will be very helpful. The length of the stitch on the upperside can vary than that on the underside. Usually. to get the beauty of the stitch. Close layers of this stitch can create wonderful effects on a pattern. You need to know the running stitch before doing this stitch. Take the needle in through the second stitch and come out through the first.2 RUNNING STITCH This stitch is done by running the needle and thread up and down the cloth at a regular distance. Fig 2: Start following the pekinese stitch technique. LOOPED RUNNING STITCH This stitch is just a variety of the running stitch. This is a very decorative stitch and can be experimented with threads fo various colors over borders. which I have named. making a loop. . Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. Yet. I would suggest to try to keep the length of the stitches on the upperside and underside as same as possible.
It looks beautiful when a few close layers of it is created. LACED RUNNING STITCH This variety of running stitch gives a wavy effect to the pattern. Bring out another thread out near the first stitch and pass the needle under it from the top. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. . Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. Fig 2: Then pass it through the second stitch from the bottom. as illustrated. Fig 4: Finish up the pattern for it to look like this.3 Fig 3: Continue this action of ‘looping’ using the running stitch foundation.
to give it a final ‘chain’ look.4 INTERLACED RUNNING STITCH This variety incorporates laced running stitch. Fig 3: A finished line of interlaced running stitch would look like this. taken both ways along the running stitch. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. Fig 2: Now take the needle under the second stitch from the top. Lay the foundation by doing a running stitch. Follow the instructions of laced running stitch to get a laced running stitch pattern Fig 1: Bring another thread out from near the first stitch and the needle under it from the bottom. WHIPPED RUNNING STITCH .
. PARALLEL RUNNING STITCH Parallel running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. The trick is to give it a twisted effect. NOTE: Make sure that while taking the needle and thread under each running stitch. I have illustrated the parallel running stitch here and two different ways it could be used. Bring out through near the first stitch. you do not pluck the fabric underneath. many variations can be created using a different thread. Using these as the base. Fig 2: Continue this pattern to finish the design as shown. pass the needle under each stitch from the top. If you happen to take the thread between each running stitch from the bottom of the stitch.5 his variety gives a twisted effect. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch.with each stitch from each row lying one below the other. the more enhanced would be the twisted effect. The closer the foundation of running stitch is done. then maintian it by taking from the bottom only. Now. You can try out your own variations.
Note that the stitches W. Y. Again. X. Z lie right below A. Fig 1: Take another thread and bring it out from near A. Turn around the needle and take it from under X and B. while doing this. Make sure not to pluck the fabric underneath. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. C and D. Variety 1 This variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a snake like effect. Fig 2: A finished line of this variety would look like this. turn around the needle and take it from under C and Y. . Variety 2 Again. Continue this process for the entire length of the two parallel rows. B. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. The serpentine visual makes it good for edging and boundary designs. this variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a inverted ‘U’ like effect.6 Parallel running stitch: Lay the foundation by doing two parallel twin lines of running stitch as illustrated. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. as shown.
Stepped running stitch : Lay the foundation by doing two parallel rows of running stitches . Continue this action by taking the needle under B and X. as shown. Take the needle under the stitches A and W.7 Fig 1: Now. Fig 2: This is how a finished line of this variety sample would look like. Note that A lies between W and X. C and Y. This ’stepped’ structure will give an opportunity to create various embroidery patterns using a different thread. Make sure not to pluck the fabric while doing this. Turn around the needle and take it from under A again. Each stitch from each row will lie in between two stitches of the other row. and so forth. STEPPED RUNNING STITCH Stepped running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. You may make more than just two rows of running stitch and try out your own variations as well. X lies between A and B. ‘Step’ the second row. Variety 1 . as illustrated. take another thread and bring it out from near A. and so forth.
Fig 3: The final effect would be as shown above. turn the needle around and pass the thread under X and A. Variety 2 . Continue this pattern of action for the remaining stretch of the stepped running stitch.8 Fig 1: Take another thread and needle out from near A and pass it under A and W without plucking the fabric underneath. pass the needle under B and X. without plucking the fabric underneath. Fig 2: Now. Now.
pass the needle under the thread. Fig 2: Again. wihtout plucking the fabric underneath. Continue this action for the entire stretch of the stepped runnig stitch. and then under X. You will get your first twisted pattern. Fig 3: Continue this ‘twisted’ pattern to give it a final braided effect. as shown in the picture. taking the needle from beneath the thread. This makes the second twisted pattern.9 Fig 1: Take another thread from near W and pass it under W and A. Now. pass it from under B. DOUBLE RUNNING STITCH (HOLBEIN STITCH) .
He was a portrait painter of the 16th century. Looking at the history of it. This is because holbein stitch is a form of counted thread stitch. Black work is again commonly known as spanish work. We can widely see it in cross stitch patterns too. Variation 1: Fig 1: Lay a base of running stitch. I have done two variations of the holbein stitch. Assissi embroidery originated from Italy at around 13th and 14th century. it incorporated varities of cross stitches as well. shown in this illustration. This will help understand the technique. the return journey of running stitch will fill the gaps made during . Catherine of Aragon was the wife of Henry VIII. She is believed to have brought garments in to England from Spain and they had black work on them. Traditionally Assissi embroidery employed only holbein stitch. holbein stitch derives its name from Hans Holbein the younger. Assissi embroidery is not confined to a single thread color but uses different threads. Black work is done using only black thread. Holbein stitch is widely used in Blackwork Embroidery and Assissi Embroidery as well. It is a combination of black work. but later. start a return journey with the same working thread. This causes the stitch to bring out identical patterns on either sides of the cloth. As. who was a German artist. Fig 2: Now. who is more known to have painted Henry VIII and his children wearing clothing with ‘blackwork embroidery’. or holbein stitch and cross stitch.10 This stitch follows a pattern where a running stitch is done and the gaps between this running stitch is filled during a return journey of the needle and thread.
Fig 3: A finished line of holbein stitch would look like this. Variation 2: . You can use a different colored thread for creative effects.11 the first onward journey.
A variation of this stitch is shown in pattern 2. Fig 1 . PATTERN 1 Pattern 1 will show the logic of holbein stitch.12 Check the side bar on the right side to find the two patterns.
3. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 4. if you want to give it a different touch or look. bring the same needle out through A and put in through B to take it out through C. Lay the foundation of running stitch. Take a return journey using running stitch. (Fig 1) 2. only this time. For that. . you try to fill the gaps created by the earlier running stitch. However. Continue such filling that ultimately.13 Fig 2 Fig 3 1. you can use a differnet color to give an alternated colored look. you get a design of straight line. Note: The thread used for the return journey stitch is the same with which you ended your first running stitch journey.
It can be seen widely in Indian Kasuti or Kashidakari embroidery work. which is still done by only the women of the villages bordering karnataka and maharastra.14 PATTERN 2 Holbein stitch can be used to create a ‘pyramid’ like effect or ‘temple design’ too. Usually kasuti designs resembles the rangoli designs in India.10th century. Fig 1 Fig 2 Fig 3 Fig 4 : Reverse side . dates back to the Chalukya period of the 6th. This art of embroidery.
Note that C lies exactly below B. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 3. we will fill the gaps to finish the design. Bring it through C and take it in through D. (Fig 1) 2.15 1. Continue this pattern to follow the alphabets as illustrated. (Fig 2) 4. (Fig 3). Bring the thread through A and take it in through B. Check the reverse pattern. (Fig 4) Now. You will finish up with a temple like design. Fig 5 Fig 6 Fig 7 Fig 8 : Reverse side .
You would end the design with the final stitch Y-Z. it is not restricted to the above mentioned patterns. you can leave the conventional method of single thread holbein stitch and take up another color to fill the gaps to give an attactive pattern. All that is required is a little imagination! I will get back to this stitch while discussing Kasuti or Blackwork as we move along. (Fig 7). .16 5. You will finally finish the temple design. (Fig 5) 7. 9. (Fig 8 ) Note: Holbein stitch can be used to make any pattern geometrical in nature. (Fig 5) 6. Continue to fill the gaps in the similar fashion. Bring the same needle out through Y and take it in through X to bring it out through W. Of course. it will look like an identical design. As mentioned in the notes of pattern 1. (Fig 6) 8. If you check the reverse.
While mending torn fabric. Note that each row is ’stepped’ in order to get a brick like formation. Then. while warp is the yarn that runs horizontally. A fabric is made of weft and warp yarn. They interlock with each other to form the fabric. turn around and begin the second row of running stitch from C to end at D. . will show you only the ’back and forth’ stitch technique of darning stitch. Fig 1: Do a row of running stitch.17 DARNING STITCH The darning stitch is about making rows of straight running stitches near each other. You need to know the running stitch to be able to do darning stitch. The purpose is to use this lesson as reference for Embroidery works (and not to mend clothes ). Weft is the yarn that runs vertically. You can turn a couple of rows of darning stitch into a base for beautiful patterns like we did in parallel running stitch and stepped running stitch. Keep this process of stitching rows of running stitches back and forth. however. The most popular embroidery where darning is used for embroidery purpose is the pattern darning. the darning stitch is used to ‘rebuild’ the weft and warp of the worn out area. starting from A and ending at B. The technique of darning is used to mend torn clothes. especially socks and looks like a woven patch. This lesson.
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