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RUNNING STITCH FAMILY(http://www.rocksea.org/hand-embroidery/runningstitch/laced-running-stitch) The basic.The foundation of many other embroidery and stitch works like the Indian Kantha work or Chikankari work.
hand embroidery sample : running stitch
Running stitch is also laid as a foundation for a variety of patterns, some of which I will show in subsequent posts, so that you get an idea on what different ways these stitches can be used as a foundation for. Then, the rest is upto your imagination!
hand embroidery sample : running stitch varieties
Take a contrastign colored thread and bring it out from near the first running stitch. which I have named. Fig 2: Start following the pekinese stitch technique.2 RUNNING STITCH This stitch is done by running the needle and thread up and down the cloth at a regular distance. to get the beauty of the stitch. The length of the stitch on the upperside can vary than that on the underside. The knowledge of the pekinese stitch will be very helpful. Take the needle in through the second stitch and come out through the first. Yet. Usually. You need to know the running stitch before doing this stitch. there is more thread shown on the upperside than the underside in a running stitch. Close layers of this stitch can create wonderful effects on a pattern. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. This is a very decorative stitch and can be experimented with threads fo various colors over borders. . It incorporates the technique of Chinese stitch or Pekinese stitch. LOOPED RUNNING STITCH This stitch is just a variety of the running stitch. I would suggest to try to keep the length of the stitches on the upperside and underside as same as possible. making a loop.
as illustrated. LACED RUNNING STITCH This variety of running stitch gives a wavy effect to the pattern. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch.3 Fig 3: Continue this action of ‘looping’ using the running stitch foundation. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. It looks beautiful when a few close layers of it is created. Fig 4: Finish up the pattern for it to look like this. Bring out another thread out near the first stitch and pass the needle under it from the top. Fig 2: Then pass it through the second stitch from the bottom. .
to give it a final ‘chain’ look. taken both ways along the running stitch. Follow the instructions of laced running stitch to get a laced running stitch pattern Fig 1: Bring another thread out from near the first stitch and the needle under it from the bottom. Fig 2: Now take the needle under the second stitch from the top. Fig 3: A finished line of interlaced running stitch would look like this.4 INTERLACED RUNNING STITCH This variety incorporates laced running stitch. Lay the foundation by doing a running stitch. WHIPPED RUNNING STITCH . Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately.
with each stitch from each row lying one below the other. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. PARALLEL RUNNING STITCH Parallel running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches.5 his variety gives a twisted effect. you do not pluck the fabric underneath. pass the needle under each stitch from the top. Now. NOTE: Make sure that while taking the needle and thread under each running stitch. Using these as the base. The closer the foundation of running stitch is done. I have illustrated the parallel running stitch here and two different ways it could be used. Bring out through near the first stitch. You can try out your own variations. The trick is to give it a twisted effect. then maintian it by taking from the bottom only. many variations can be created using a different thread. the more enhanced would be the twisted effect. If you happen to take the thread between each running stitch from the bottom of the stitch. Fig 2: Continue this pattern to finish the design as shown. .
The serpentine visual makes it good for edging and boundary designs. Y. while doing this. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. X. Z lie right below A. as shown. Continue this process for the entire length of the two parallel rows. Fig 1: Take another thread and bring it out from near A. . C and D. Variety 2 Again. Make sure not to pluck the fabric underneath. Fig 2: A finished line of this variety would look like this. turn around the needle and take it from under C and Y. B. Note that the stitches W. Turn around the needle and take it from under X and B. this variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a inverted ‘U’ like effect.6 Parallel running stitch: Lay the foundation by doing two parallel twin lines of running stitch as illustrated. Variety 1 This variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a snake like effect. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. Again.
C and Y. Make sure not to pluck the fabric while doing this. take another thread and bring it out from near A. and so forth. Turn around the needle and take it from under A again. Stepped running stitch : Lay the foundation by doing two parallel rows of running stitches . Each stitch from each row will lie in between two stitches of the other row. Note that A lies between W and X. X lies between A and B. Continue this action by taking the needle under B and X. Variety 1 . as illustrated. STEPPED RUNNING STITCH Stepped running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches.7 Fig 1: Now. ‘Step’ the second row. Fig 2: This is how a finished line of this variety sample would look like. You may make more than just two rows of running stitch and try out your own variations as well. as shown. This ’stepped’ structure will give an opportunity to create various embroidery patterns using a different thread. and so forth. Take the needle under the stitches A and W.
Now. without plucking the fabric underneath. Fig 2: Now. Continue this pattern of action for the remaining stretch of the stepped running stitch.8 Fig 1: Take another thread and needle out from near A and pass it under A and W without plucking the fabric underneath. pass the needle under B and X. Fig 3: The final effect would be as shown above. Variety 2 . turn the needle around and pass the thread under X and A.
pass the needle under the thread. pass it from under B. Fig 3: Continue this ‘twisted’ pattern to give it a final braided effect. taking the needle from beneath the thread. wihtout plucking the fabric underneath. Continue this action for the entire stretch of the stepped runnig stitch. DOUBLE RUNNING STITCH (HOLBEIN STITCH) . Now. This makes the second twisted pattern. Fig 2: Again. You will get your first twisted pattern. and then under X. as shown in the picture.9 Fig 1: Take another thread from near W and pass it under W and A.
He was a portrait painter of the 16th century. It is a combination of black work. Variation 1: Fig 1: Lay a base of running stitch. Black work is again commonly known as spanish work. Assissi embroidery is not confined to a single thread color but uses different threads. Traditionally Assissi embroidery employed only holbein stitch. This is because holbein stitch is a form of counted thread stitch. As. it incorporated varities of cross stitches as well. Looking at the history of it. or holbein stitch and cross stitch. shown in this illustration. start a return journey with the same working thread. Holbein stitch is widely used in Blackwork Embroidery and Assissi Embroidery as well. holbein stitch derives its name from Hans Holbein the younger. who was a German artist. I have done two variations of the holbein stitch. but later. Black work is done using only black thread. We can widely see it in cross stitch patterns too. Fig 2: Now. This causes the stitch to bring out identical patterns on either sides of the cloth. She is believed to have brought garments in to England from Spain and they had black work on them.10 This stitch follows a pattern where a running stitch is done and the gaps between this running stitch is filled during a return journey of the needle and thread. the return journey of running stitch will fill the gaps made during . Assissi embroidery originated from Italy at around 13th and 14th century. This will help understand the technique. Catherine of Aragon was the wife of Henry VIII. who is more known to have painted Henry VIII and his children wearing clothing with ‘blackwork embroidery’.
Variation 2: .11 the first onward journey. Fig 3: A finished line of holbein stitch would look like this. You can use a different colored thread for creative effects.
12 Check the side bar on the right side to find the two patterns. PATTERN 1 Pattern 1 will show the logic of holbein stitch. A variation of this stitch is shown in pattern 2. Fig 1 .
For that. Take a return journey using running stitch. bring the same needle out through A and put in through B to take it out through C. if you want to give it a different touch or look.13 Fig 2 Fig 3 1. Note: The thread used for the return journey stitch is the same with which you ended your first running stitch journey. you can use a differnet color to give an alternated colored look. you try to fill the gaps created by the earlier running stitch. Lay the foundation of running stitch. you get a design of straight line. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 4. (Fig 1) 2. 3. . only this time. Continue such filling that ultimately. However.
Usually kasuti designs resembles the rangoli designs in India. dates back to the Chalukya period of the 6th. which is still done by only the women of the villages bordering karnataka and maharastra. Fig 1 Fig 2 Fig 3 Fig 4 : Reverse side .14 PATTERN 2 Holbein stitch can be used to create a ‘pyramid’ like effect or ‘temple design’ too. It can be seen widely in Indian Kasuti or Kashidakari embroidery work. This art of embroidery.10th century.
(Fig 1 and Fig 2) 3. You will finish up with a temple like design. Bring it through C and take it in through D. Continue this pattern to follow the alphabets as illustrated. we will fill the gaps to finish the design. Check the reverse pattern. (Fig 2) 4. (Fig 1) 2. Fig 5 Fig 6 Fig 7 Fig 8 : Reverse side . Note that C lies exactly below B. (Fig 4) Now. Bring the thread through A and take it in through B. (Fig 3).15 1.
(Fig 5) 6. You will finally finish the temple design. All that is required is a little imagination! I will get back to this stitch while discussing Kasuti or Blackwork as we move along. (Fig 5) 7.16 5. (Fig 6) 8. (Fig 8 ) Note: Holbein stitch can be used to make any pattern geometrical in nature. Bring the same needle out through Y and take it in through X to bring it out through W. 9. You would end the design with the final stitch Y-Z. As mentioned in the notes of pattern 1. you can leave the conventional method of single thread holbein stitch and take up another color to fill the gaps to give an attactive pattern. . it will look like an identical design. If you check the reverse. Of course. it is not restricted to the above mentioned patterns. Continue to fill the gaps in the similar fashion. (Fig 7).
Keep this process of stitching rows of running stitches back and forth. Note that each row is ’stepped’ in order to get a brick like formation. They interlock with each other to form the fabric. While mending torn fabric. You need to know the running stitch to be able to do darning stitch. the darning stitch is used to ‘rebuild’ the weft and warp of the worn out area. This lesson.17 DARNING STITCH The darning stitch is about making rows of straight running stitches near each other. will show you only the ’back and forth’ stitch technique of darning stitch. especially socks and looks like a woven patch. The most popular embroidery where darning is used for embroidery purpose is the pattern darning. however. You can turn a couple of rows of darning stitch into a base for beautiful patterns like we did in parallel running stitch and stepped running stitch. A fabric is made of weft and warp yarn. . Fig 1: Do a row of running stitch. turn around and begin the second row of running stitch from C to end at D. while warp is the yarn that runs horizontally. The purpose is to use this lesson as reference for Embroidery works (and not to mend clothes ). The technique of darning is used to mend torn clothes. starting from A and ending at B. Weft is the yarn that runs vertically. Then.
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