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RUNNING STITCH FAMILY(http://www.rocksea.org/hand-embroidery/runningstitch/laced-running-stitch) The basic.The foundation of many other embroidery and stitch works like the Indian Kantha work or Chikankari work.
hand embroidery sample : running stitch
Running stitch is also laid as a foundation for a variety of patterns, some of which I will show in subsequent posts, so that you get an idea on what different ways these stitches can be used as a foundation for. Then, the rest is upto your imagination!
hand embroidery sample : running stitch varieties
LOOPED RUNNING STITCH This stitch is just a variety of the running stitch. Yet. Close layers of this stitch can create wonderful effects on a pattern. Take a contrastign colored thread and bring it out from near the first running stitch. This is a very decorative stitch and can be experimented with threads fo various colors over borders. I would suggest to try to keep the length of the stitches on the upperside and underside as same as possible. to get the beauty of the stitch. Usually. . which I have named. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. You need to know the running stitch before doing this stitch. The knowledge of the pekinese stitch will be very helpful. Fig 2: Start following the pekinese stitch technique.2 RUNNING STITCH This stitch is done by running the needle and thread up and down the cloth at a regular distance. there is more thread shown on the upperside than the underside in a running stitch. Take the needle in through the second stitch and come out through the first. The length of the stitch on the upperside can vary than that on the underside. It incorporates the technique of Chinese stitch or Pekinese stitch. making a loop.
Fig 2: Then pass it through the second stitch from the bottom. Bring out another thread out near the first stitch and pass the needle under it from the top. as illustrated. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. It looks beautiful when a few close layers of it is created. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. .3 Fig 3: Continue this action of ‘looping’ using the running stitch foundation. LACED RUNNING STITCH This variety of running stitch gives a wavy effect to the pattern. Fig 4: Finish up the pattern for it to look like this.
Fig 2: Now take the needle under the second stitch from the top. taken both ways along the running stitch. Follow the instructions of laced running stitch to get a laced running stitch pattern Fig 1: Bring another thread out from near the first stitch and the needle under it from the bottom. Lay the foundation by doing a running stitch.4 INTERLACED RUNNING STITCH This variety incorporates laced running stitch. Continue this action of taking the needle under each stitch from the top and bottom alternately. to give it a final ‘chain’ look. WHIPPED RUNNING STITCH . Fig 3: A finished line of interlaced running stitch would look like this.
Bring out through near the first stitch. I have illustrated the parallel running stitch here and two different ways it could be used. The trick is to give it a twisted effect. You can try out your own variations. the more enhanced would be the twisted effect. you do not pluck the fabric underneath. Now. Fig 1: Lay the foundation by doing arunning stitch. then maintian it by taking from the bottom only. If you happen to take the thread between each running stitch from the bottom of the stitch. Fig 2: Continue this pattern to finish the design as shown. pass the needle under each stitch from the top. Using these as the base.5 his variety gives a twisted effect. . PARALLEL RUNNING STITCH Parallel running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. many variations can be created using a different thread.with each stitch from each row lying one below the other. NOTE: Make sure that while taking the needle and thread under each running stitch. The closer the foundation of running stitch is done.
C and D. The serpentine visual makes it good for edging and boundary designs. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. You may also incorporate some beadwork to add beauty to the work. X. Y. B. Note that the stitches W. Z lie right below A. turn around the needle and take it from under C and Y.6 Parallel running stitch: Lay the foundation by doing two parallel twin lines of running stitch as illustrated. Turn around the needle and take it from under X and B. while doing this. . this variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a inverted ‘U’ like effect. as shown. Continue this process for the entire length of the two parallel rows. Fig 1: Take another thread and bring it out from near A. Variety 1 This variety makes a good edging or boundary design by giving a snake like effect. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. Make sure not to pluck the fabric underneath. Again. Fig 2: A finished line of this variety would look like this. Variety 2 Again.
and so forth. Fig 2: This is how a finished line of this variety sample would look like. Each stitch from each row will lie in between two stitches of the other row. C and Y. take another thread and bring it out from near A. as shown. X lies between A and B. and so forth. ‘Step’ the second row. as illustrated.7 Fig 1: Now. STEPPED RUNNING STITCH Stepped running stitch is just two parallel rows of running stitches. Note that A lies between W and X. Take the needle under the stitches A and W. You may make more than just two rows of running stitch and try out your own variations as well. Turn around the needle and take it from under A again. Make sure not to pluck the fabric while doing this. Stepped running stitch : Lay the foundation by doing two parallel rows of running stitches . Continue this action by taking the needle under B and X. Variety 1 . This ’stepped’ structure will give an opportunity to create various embroidery patterns using a different thread.
without plucking the fabric underneath. Now. Variety 2 . turn the needle around and pass the thread under X and A. Continue this pattern of action for the remaining stretch of the stepped running stitch.8 Fig 1: Take another thread and needle out from near A and pass it under A and W without plucking the fabric underneath. pass the needle under B and X. Fig 2: Now. Fig 3: The final effect would be as shown above.
Continue this action for the entire stretch of the stepped runnig stitch. taking the needle from beneath the thread.9 Fig 1: Take another thread from near W and pass it under W and A. pass it from under B. Fig 2: Again. wihtout plucking the fabric underneath. and then under X. pass the needle under the thread. Now. This makes the second twisted pattern. DOUBLE RUNNING STITCH (HOLBEIN STITCH) . Fig 3: Continue this ‘twisted’ pattern to give it a final braided effect. as shown in the picture. You will get your first twisted pattern.
He was a portrait painter of the 16th century. shown in this illustration. it incorporated varities of cross stitches as well. start a return journey with the same working thread. Traditionally Assissi embroidery employed only holbein stitch. Black work is done using only black thread. holbein stitch derives its name from Hans Holbein the younger.10 This stitch follows a pattern where a running stitch is done and the gaps between this running stitch is filled during a return journey of the needle and thread. Black work is again commonly known as spanish work. who is more known to have painted Henry VIII and his children wearing clothing with ‘blackwork embroidery’. I have done two variations of the holbein stitch. This is because holbein stitch is a form of counted thread stitch. who was a German artist. Catherine of Aragon was the wife of Henry VIII. It is a combination of black work. As. We can widely see it in cross stitch patterns too. the return journey of running stitch will fill the gaps made during . or holbein stitch and cross stitch. Variation 1: Fig 1: Lay a base of running stitch. This causes the stitch to bring out identical patterns on either sides of the cloth. Assissi embroidery originated from Italy at around 13th and 14th century. Holbein stitch is widely used in Blackwork Embroidery and Assissi Embroidery as well. This will help understand the technique. She is believed to have brought garments in to England from Spain and they had black work on them. but later. Assissi embroidery is not confined to a single thread color but uses different threads. Fig 2: Now. Looking at the history of it.
Fig 3: A finished line of holbein stitch would look like this. You can use a different colored thread for creative effects. Variation 2: .11 the first onward journey.
PATTERN 1 Pattern 1 will show the logic of holbein stitch. A variation of this stitch is shown in pattern 2.12 Check the side bar on the right side to find the two patterns. Fig 1 .
Note: The thread used for the return journey stitch is the same with which you ended your first running stitch journey. However. Take a return journey using running stitch.13 Fig 2 Fig 3 1. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 4. bring the same needle out through A and put in through B to take it out through C. 3. you can use a differnet color to give an alternated colored look. (Fig 1) 2. For that. . you try to fill the gaps created by the earlier running stitch. you get a design of straight line. Lay the foundation of running stitch. if you want to give it a different touch or look. Continue such filling that ultimately. only this time.
This art of embroidery. It can be seen widely in Indian Kasuti or Kashidakari embroidery work. which is still done by only the women of the villages bordering karnataka and maharastra. Usually kasuti designs resembles the rangoli designs in India. Fig 1 Fig 2 Fig 3 Fig 4 : Reverse side .10th century. dates back to the Chalukya period of the 6th.14 PATTERN 2 Holbein stitch can be used to create a ‘pyramid’ like effect or ‘temple design’ too.
(Fig 2) 4. (Fig 1) 2. You will finish up with a temple like design. Continue this pattern to follow the alphabets as illustrated. Fig 5 Fig 6 Fig 7 Fig 8 : Reverse side . we will fill the gaps to finish the design. Bring the thread through A and take it in through B. Note that C lies exactly below B. Bring it through C and take it in through D. (Fig 1 and Fig 2) 3.15 1. (Fig 3). Check the reverse pattern. (Fig 4) Now.
(Fig 7). (Fig 6) 8. it is not restricted to the above mentioned patterns. You will finally finish the temple design. You would end the design with the final stitch Y-Z. (Fig 5) 7. All that is required is a little imagination! I will get back to this stitch while discussing Kasuti or Blackwork as we move along. you can leave the conventional method of single thread holbein stitch and take up another color to fill the gaps to give an attactive pattern. As mentioned in the notes of pattern 1. 9. . If you check the reverse. Of course. (Fig 5) 6. Continue to fill the gaps in the similar fashion.16 5. it will look like an identical design. Bring the same needle out through Y and take it in through X to bring it out through W. (Fig 8 ) Note: Holbein stitch can be used to make any pattern geometrical in nature.
especially socks and looks like a woven patch. The purpose is to use this lesson as reference for Embroidery works (and not to mend clothes ). You can turn a couple of rows of darning stitch into a base for beautiful patterns like we did in parallel running stitch and stepped running stitch. A fabric is made of weft and warp yarn. The technique of darning is used to mend torn clothes. Note that each row is ’stepped’ in order to get a brick like formation. You need to know the running stitch to be able to do darning stitch. Keep this process of stitching rows of running stitches back and forth. turn around and begin the second row of running stitch from C to end at D. While mending torn fabric. They interlock with each other to form the fabric. This lesson. . Then. Weft is the yarn that runs vertically. starting from A and ending at B. while warp is the yarn that runs horizontally. the darning stitch is used to ‘rebuild’ the weft and warp of the worn out area. The most popular embroidery where darning is used for embroidery purpose is the pattern darning.17 DARNING STITCH The darning stitch is about making rows of straight running stitches near each other. however. will show you only the ’back and forth’ stitch technique of darning stitch. Fig 1: Do a row of running stitch.