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Evidencia 2: Workshop: Understanding the distribution center layout

Presentado por:
William Giovanni Blanco Caicedo
C.c. 80.158.114

Gestión Logística
Ficha: 2175981

Instructor:
DIANA MARCELA ALVARADO SANTAFE

Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje SENA

2021
Actividad de aprendizaje 9

Evidencia 2: Workshop: Understanding the distribution center layout

Tener claridad respecto a los procesos internos de la gestión logística es tan


importante como entender la importancia de la adecuada gestión de la
infraestructura física de las bodegas y centros de distribución, ya que, como algunos
afirman, es el corazón o núcleo de las operaciones logísticas, en tanto allí se
almacenan los productos que posteriormente serán distribuidos al comercio tanto
minorista, como mayorista.

Por lo anterior, es importante que el aprendiz de gestión logística esté en la


capacidad de entender textos en inglés que den cuenta de los estándares de calidad
para la infraestructura de un centro de distribución. Esto le permitirá al aprendiz
tener herramientas para gestionar procesos físicos – de infraestructura - de la
cadena de abastecimiento.

Así, con el fin de ayudarle a adquirir estas herramientas, la presente evidencia de


aprendizaje consiste en realizar un taller sobre el diseño de un centro de distribución
denominado Workshop: Understanding the distribbution center layout. Este taller
consta de dos momentos en los que usted deberá hacer uso del conocimiento
técnico adquirido hasta el momento en el área de inglés para, posteriormente, como
segundo momento, participar en un debate, junto con otros tres compañeros –
seleccionados por el instructor- para compartir su opinión respecto a las
recomendaciones de diseño de un centro de distribución que aparecen enunciadas
en el taller.

Para la elaboración de la presente evidencia, tenga en cuenta lo siguiente:

Primer momento: comprensión y producción escrita

1. Estudie en su totalidad el material de formación Using prepositions to


describe Distribution Centers junto con el material complementario disponible
para esta actividad.
2. Desarolle completamente el taller disponible para la presente actividad de
aprendizaje Workshop: Understanding the distribution center layout. Para la
elaboración de este taller puede usar la herramienta ofimática de su
preferencia.
3. Envíe el archivo al instructor en formato .doc o .pdf a través de la plataforma
virtual de aprendizaje.
Segundo momento: comprensión y producción oral

1. Revise constantemente los anuncios de la plataforma para obtener


información de fecha y hora del encuentro sincrónico al que usted asistirá
para completar el segundo momento de la presente evidencia: Un debate
respecto a las prácticas para el diseño de un centro de distribución.

2. Participe en el encuentro sincrónico propuesto por su instructor para discutir


brevemente las respuestas brindadas por usted en la sección “Critical
thinking-Making decisions” del taller Workshop: Understanding the
Distribbution Center Layout.

Recuerde que debe sustentar su opinión por medio de las ventajas y


desventajas señaladas por usted para cada uno de los enunciados que usted
trabajó en el taller. De igual modo, recuerde utilizar el vocabulario técnico
aprendido. No olvide tener en cuenta el material complementario
““Expressions for Discussion and Debate” además de los diferentes aspectos
de pronunciación de inglés estudiados en actividades de aprendizaje
anteriores y en el video provisto en el taller mencionado.

Cabe aclarar que dicho encuentro contará con la participación de tres


aprendices más seleccionados por su instructor y, aunque este segundo
momento se realizará de manera grupal, su desempeño se evaluará de
manera individual.

3. Asegúrese de responder a cabalidad cada una de las preguntas de su tutor


o compañeros.

En caso de tener dudas relacionadas con la participación en una videoconferencia,


se recomienda consultar el video: ¿Cómo unirse a una sesión virtual de Blackboard
Collaborate?, ubicado en el botón Tutoriales del menú del programa de formación.

Workshop: Understanding the distribution center layout

Your warehouse or distribution center layout greatly affects the performance of your
business. In fact, without a properly configured warehouse layout, you could face
capacity issues and even a decrease in productivity.
Complete the following activities in order to understand the importance of the layout
when designing a Distribution Center or warehouse.

1. Getting familiar with Distribution Centers


a. Read the following description of a Distribution Center and complete it with
the words from the box.

STORAGE RECEIVING AREAS CENTERS

All distribution centers have three


main _areas_ and may have
additional specialized areas. The
three main areas are the
__receiving__ dock, also called
loading dock, the _storage_ area or
cargo deck, and the shipping dock.
In small organizations it is possible
for the receiving and shipping
functions to occur side by side, but in
large ___centers___, separating
these areas simplifies the process.
b. Read and match. Read the definition for each of the areas that a distribution
center may include and match the definition with the name of such area.

1. LOADING DOCK 2 A. This area controls and ships large. This


department usually includes forklift truck
drivers to load containers and wagons,
and man-up or combi forklift trucks to
unload full pallets from warehouse
racking.
2. BULK DEPARTMENT 5 B. This department controls orders which
are leaving the country of the distribution
center. This department is almost
identical in function to a bulk department;
however, workers in this department
build pallets conforming to
different standards and sizes.
3. QUALITY ASSURANCE 7 C. This area is in charge of replenishing and
DEPARTMENT storing goods in the store's backroom or
warehouse.
4. TRANSPORTATION 6 D. An area reserved for inventory that is
AREA ready for final assembly or transport.
5. EXPORT DEAPARTMENT 8 E. There are many types of this racking.
However, all types allow for
the storage of palletized materials in
horizontal rows with multiple levels.
6. STAGING LOCATION 1 F. This is an area of the warehouse where
goods vehicles (usually road or rail) are
loaded and unloaded. This area usually
includes pallet wrapping workers,
conveyor belt unloaders, forklift drivers,
and administrative staff
7. STOCKING 4 G. Arranges and coordinates shipments in
DEPARTMENT and out of the distribution center.
8. PALLET RACKING 3 H. This department performs periodic
checks of random samples of stock to
check quality, including from the
warehouse racking, goods in, and
returned stock.

Note: In case you have any questions with vocabulary, remember to check the
following dictionaries:
- http://www.businessdictionary.com/
- http://www.linguee.com/

2. Describing a Distribution Center


Following, you’ll see the very basic design of any Distribution Center. Check the image and
answer the questions:

Fuente: SENA
A) According to the image, complete the following paragraph by selecting the
best preposition for each case.
While creating a layout for your warehouse or distribution center can
be considered a big task, it doesn't have to be complicated. The
following tips can help you navigate the process of laying out your
warehouse and make the most out of your space.

1. Make sure you have enough pallets to store all your goods
in/on/at them.
2. Organize your pallets evenly in/on/at specific racks in such
way that it is easy for the machinery –forklifts- to access them.
3. There should be enough space for your equipment or
machinery to move by/near/through the warehouse.
4. The machinery or equipment station must be far/below/close
the shipping and receiving area in order to load and unload
freight trucks.
5. The offices must be located in front of/under/above the
warehouse racking for you to supervise the activity within the
warehouse.

Let’s check another example of a distribution center. Pay attention to the different
areas within this distribution center and answer the questions below:

Fuente: SENA
B) Write sentences to describe the previous distribution center. Do not forget to
use prepositions to describe their location. Check the example:

Where is the…? Answer


- Loading area The loading area is located next to the
freezer.
- Value added services area The value-added services area is at the
forefront of refrigerated specially products
- Inventory control area The Inventory control area is next to
batch picking
- Quality auditing area must be located in front order selection
cases y mixed pallets
- Order packing area the order packing area is close to voice with
scanning
- Refrigerated specialty the Area of special refrigerated products is
products area at the forefront of added value services
- Put-to-store area Storage area should be away from quality
audit

3. Critical thinking – Making decisions

A) Pros and Cons. Read the following statements about Distribution Center
Design and decide in your agree or disagree with the statement. Do some
research on the topic and provide pros and cons for each statement.

Check the example:

Your opinion:
I disagree. I think Distribution
Centers must have a specific design
that helps the regular non-changing
flow of goods.
The layout in your warehouse must
be flexible PROS:
-With flexible Distribution
Centers you can ensure your
facilities are ready for anything that
comes in the future.
CONS:
-Flexible Distribution Centers tends
to be more disorganized. It is hard to
keep control of the changes.
Save space: cram as many pallet Your opinion: storage space should
racks into your warehouse as be improved and maximized
possible PROS: by having better organization
and greater storage greater profit
CONS: more revision and changes
in rotation

Having an aisle map will help you Your opinion: aisle maps are
validate that the correct item is in the effective tools for organizing and
assigned location. locating products
PROS: in this way the location of the
products and the organization is
more exact
CONS: better organization and
resource management must be
managed
Provide for the level of automation Your opinion Depending on the
that can be cost-justified based on quality of the processes, it must be
your particular operation and cost taken into account if it is necessary
structure. to automate and if the cost and profit
are viable
PROS The advantage when
acquiring automatic systems is to
save time on tasks within the
company
CONS investment on manufacturing
costs

4. Sharing your opinion

It is time to share your opinions about distribution centers design. Study the
complementary material “Expressions for Discussion and Debate” and get ready for
your Blackboard Collaborate session.
Study the following video to have a successful participation in your debate session.
Pay attention to pronunciation and the different expressions to participate in a
discussion How to discuss a topic in a group:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YY2yjEEoB3U