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Los protistas y

los ambientes
acuáticos
Adriana Lucia Torres
Inti Mendoza Soler
Los protistas
características
-Tiene vacuolas contractiles.
-Tiene vacuolas digestivas.
-Son eucariotas
-Prefieren ambientes acuáticos o húmedos
-Tienen características animales (flagelos) y vegetales como
(cloroplastos )
-Están todos los organismos que no han podido ser clasificado
en ninguno de los tres reinos
Clasificación del reino protista

Protozoos Algas

-Protistas heterotrofos -Grado de motilidad -Fotosintesis (clorofila) --Reproducción y tejidos

-Algas unicelulares:
-Amoebozoa Diatomeas,dinoflagelados
-Excavata. y euglenas.
-SAR -Algas multicelulares:
-Algas rojas, verdes, y
pardas.
-Archaeplastida
Super grupo Amoebozoa

Agrupa a :

-Amebas

-Mixomicota

-Tecamebas

-Ameboflagelados Amebas

Tecamebas

Mixomicota Ameboflagelados
Ameboides
-Se divide en rizópodos por ejemplo las
amebas y antinopodos.
Supergrupo Excavata.

Agrupa a :

-Euglenozoa

-Heterolobasea

2300 Especies
Euglenosea
Heterolobasea
Supergrupo Sar
Se agrupan en:

-Stramenopiles (algas
pardas, diatomeas,
crisofíceas, xantofíceas)
Stramenopiles
- Alveolata (ciliados,
dinoflagelados,
Apicomplexa)

- Rhizaria
(foraminíferos,
radiolarios, cercozoos Alveolata
con filopodios.

25000 especies descritas


Rhizaria
Filo Sarcodinos (Rizopodos)
Son protistas que generan pseudópodos para desplazarse, estos son extensiones temporales de la
membrana celular donde encontramos al super genero Amoebozoa

Los siguientes géneros tienen esta estructura de locomoción: Amebas, foraminíferos y radiolarios

Amebas Foraminiferos
Radiolarios
Ciliados
La mayoría de los ciliados viven libremente en agua dulce y salada, algunos se encuentran sobre superficies
o en cuerpos de animales, un ejemplo podría ser el paramecio la cual tiene una forma fija y se mantiene por
una pelicula de proteinas flexibles y su reproduccion sexual se da por conjugacion y la asexiual por mitosis

paramecio
ciliado
-Por ejemplo paramecio
Flagelados
Se encuentran poco en aguas dulces o saladas, la mayoría se
encuentra en el cuerpo de otros organismos

Trypanosoma
Trichonympha
Flagelados
-Puede subdividirse en fitoflagelados por
ejemplo la euglena y zooflagelados
Esporozoos
Son protistas que carecen de medios de locomoción cuando son
adultos, los más conocidos son del género plasmodium.

Plasomdium
Esporozoos
-Se clasifican en Sporozoa por ejemplo
plasmodium
Protistas parecidos a Hongos
Dentro del reino protista se clasifican 3 grupos parecidos a los hongos
pero su crecimiento, su apariencia y métodos de alimentación son muy
diferentes

MIXOMYCOTA ACRASIOMYCOTA OOMYCOTA


Dinoflagelado
-1424- 1772 especies con 131 generos

-Viven en agua salada

-Tienen dos flagelos, el cual utilizan para


moverse.

-Algunas producen un veneno fuerte.


-Otras producen destellos de luz verde y
azul.
Euglenas
-Tiene 150 especies
-Viven en lagos o estanques de agua dulce.
-Pueden tener uno o dos flagelos
-Esta puede ser fotosintético o puede
absorber nutrientes del entorno.
Algas Unicelulares
Diatomeas:
-Se encuentran 20000 especies
-Viven en agua salada
-Se reproducen por mitosis
-Tienen una concha doble que al
reproducirse la pasan a su descendencia
-Su pared celular está hecha de silicio
Formas de
estudio
Estudio de protistas
1) Tomar una muestra de agua estancada
2) Coloque una gota de la muestra en un
portaobjetos
3) Cubrala con el cubreobjetos y observe en
el microscopio
MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS
Observación de protozoos
-(1) Microscopio

(2) Mechero de alcohol

(3) Portaobjetos

(4) Cubreobjetos

(5) Aguja enmangada o asa de platino


(asa microbiológica) o una pipeta
Pasteur.

(6) Frasco lavador

(7) Solución de azul de metileno al 1%

(8) Pinzas para portaobjetos

(9) Solución con protozoos


Procedimiento
Estudios filogenéticos moleculares

-Análisis de ciertas secuencias de ADN

-Subunidad 18S ADNr

-PCR Mixta
GRACIAS
Filo Rotifero

-Tienen 1800 especies la cual constituyen a un filo


de animales pseudocelomados que habitan en
ambientes dulces y salados
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MARS JUPITER SATURN


Despite being red, It’s a gas giant and the It’s a gas giant,
Mars is actually a very biggest planet in the composed mostly of
cold place Solar System hydrogen and helium
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Venus has a beautiful


name, but it’s terribly

Mercury is the closest


planet to the Sun

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change the data and paste the new graph here
SOMETIMES, REVIEWING CONCEPTS IS A GOOD IDEA

MERCURY VENUS MARS


Mercury is the closest Venus has a beautiful Despite being red, Mars
planet to the Sun name, but it’s terribly hot is a cold place

JUPITER SATURN NEPTUNE


It’s the biggest planet in Saturn is the ringed one Neptune is the farthest
the Solar System and a gas giant planet from the Sun
INFOGRAPHICS MAKE YOUR IDEA UNDERSTANDABLE...

SATURN NEPTUNE
Saturn is the ringed Neptune is the
one and a gas giant farthest planet

MARS JUPITER
Mars is actually a It’s the biggest
very cold place planet of them all
...AND THE SAME GOES FOR TABLES

MASS DIAMETER SURFACE GRAVITY


(earths) (earths) (earths)

MERCURY 0.06 0.38 0.38

MARS 0.11 0.53 0.38

SATURN 95.2 9.4 1.16


THIS IS A MAP

MARS
Despite being red, Mars
is a cold place

MERCURY
Mercury is the closest
planet to the Sun
A TIMELINE ALWAYS WORKS WELL

DAY 1 DAY 2 DAY 3 DAY 4

Mercury is the Jupiter is the Despite being Venus has a


closest planet biggest planet red, Mars is a beautiful name,
to the Sun of them all cold place but it’s very hot
4,498,300,000
Big numbers catch your audience’s attention
333,000.00
earths is the Sun’s mass

24h 37m 23s


is Jupiter’s rotation period

386,000 km
is the distance between Earth and the Moon
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JENNA DOE HELENA JAMES

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YOU COULD USE FOUR COLUMNS, WHY NOT?

MERCURY VENUS
Mercury is the closest Venus has a beautiful
planet to the Sun name, but it’s terribly hot

MARS JUPITER
Despite being red, Mars It’s the biggest planet in
is a cold place the Solar System
02
MERCURY
You can enter a subtitle here if
you need it
PROGRESS

70% Venus has a beautiful


name, but it’s hot

Mercury is the closest 30%


planet to the Sun

To modify this graph, click on it, follow the link,


change the data and paste the new graph here
IDENTIFYING INFORMATION

MERCURY SATURN

50% 20%

Mercury is the closest Saturn is the ringed one


planet to the Sun and a gas giant
WHAT ABOUT THESE PERCENTAGES?

20% 50% 75%

MARS SATURN MERCURY


Despite being red, Saturn is the ringed It’s the smallest planet
Mars ir a cold place one and a gas giant in the Solar System
03
JUPITER
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