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o USERS MANUAL FOR INTERIEG'S = SUPERBRAIN'II VIDEO COMPUTER SYSTEM IMPORTANT NOTICE This version of ine Supertsrain Users Manual is intended tor use with the SuperBrain I st, SuperBrain I! QD, or SuperBrain Il SD Video Computer Systems. Document No. 6094010 June, 1982 This equipment complies with the requirements in Part 15 of FCC Rules for a Class A, computing device. Cperation of this equipment ina residential area may cause unac: ceptable interference to radio and TV reception requiting the operator to take wnaiever sieps are necessary 10 correct tne interterence SUPERBRAIN II USERS MANUAL REVISION RECORD ow REV DATE | APPROVAL. SHEETS/SECTIONS EFFECTED - a J ———— | eee 1 rme81010 tenets TABLE OF CONTENTS Proprietary Notice . Title Page Manual Revision Record sneet : on seri introduction A System Specifications 1-3 Internal Construction 16 Theory of Operation 1 Ingtallatinn and Operating Inetnctinns 24 Unpacking 24 SetUp 24 ‘System Diskette 24 Reviewing the System Diskette 22 Dupticating the Operating Diskette 23 ‘Oplivnal Suitmare 25 SUPEABRAIN II Software Summary CPIM Summary a ee Intertec Utility Summary 32 =. CONFIGUR.COM 32 Vertical Scan Frequency fees Disk Write Verification 33 Time Display Enable/Disable 33 Key Click Enabie/Disable 33 Main aid Aux Port Operation 33 Operating Mode 33 Baud Rate 33 Number of Syne Charactors 24 Number of Stop Bits 34 Character Length 34 Parity 34 Handshaking 34 Syne, Character Value 34 Keypad Reprogramming 34 FOHMAI.COM 38 HEXDUMP.COM 35 64KTEST.COM 36 TXCOM 36 RX.COM 38 TIME 38 DATE 38 Secondary Character Set Option 39 CSEDIT.COM 39 CSDUMP.COM Bai Miscellaneous Operational Information Using the INP: and QUT: Features of PIP a4 Synchronous Communication 42 8251A USART Data Sheets 454.20 Master Reset Feature 421 Cursor Control Keys 421 ‘Accessing TimeyDate Data 424 Interfacing information S232C Serial Interface Bus Adaptor Intertace Pin Connections for Exiernai Bus Table of 0 Ports, Autoload Feature Koy Click Key Repeat Type-Ahead Controlling the Video Display Escape Sequences Control Codes Video attributes Cursor Positioning for Display Control Memory MapiScreen Initialization Interpreting the AGOII Oode Chart Contro! Code Chart WORDSTAR Considerations Introduction 10 Grim Features & Facies Operation of the CP/M Context Editor CPIM 2.0 Users Guide for CPIM 1.4 Owners Operation of the CP/M Debugger Operation of the CPIM Assembler The CPIM 2.0 Interface Guide The CPIM 2.0 System Alteration Guide ‘Addendums Haroware Accenaums Software Addendums Customer Information Servicing Procedures General Intormation tor Supertsrain it Users 422 422 422 422 424 425 427 427 427 427 428 4:29 430 431 431 494 434 435 AupeninA Appendix B Appendix Appendix D Appendix Appendix F Appendix G Appendix H ‘Appenatx H-1 Appendix H-2 Appendix J ‘Appendix Jt aAppenaix 2 wasio10 WILL THE MICROCOMPUTER YOU BUY TODAY STILL BE THE BEST MICROCOMPUTER BUY TOMORROW? Probably the best test in determining how to spend your microcomputer dollar wisely is to consider the overall versatility of your terminal purchase over the nex three fo five years. In the fast-paced, ever-changing world of data communications, new features to increase operator and machine etniciency are nttoauced into the marketplace daly, We at infertec are acutely aware of this rapid infusion of new ideas into the small systems business. As a result, we have designed the SuperBrain Il in such manner as to virtually eliminate the possibilty of obsolescence, Many competitive alternatives to the SuperBrain 1! available today provide only limited capability for high level programming and system expansion. Indeed, most low-cost microcomputer systems oresently available quickly become outdated hecause of the inability to expand the system. Intertec, however, realizes that increased demands for more efficient utilization of programming makes system expansion capability mandatory. That means a lot. Because the More you use your SuperBrain Il, the more you'll discover its adaptability to virtually any small system requirement. Extensive use of “softwareoriented” design concepts instead of conventional “hardware” designs assure you of compatibility with almost any application for which you intend to use the SuperBrain I ‘Once you read our operator's manual and try out some of the features described herein, we are confident that you too will agree with our "top performance — bottom dollar” approach to manufacturing. The SunerBrain Il offers you many more extremly flexible features at a lower cost than any other microcomputer we know of on the market today. The use of newly developed technologies, efficient manufacturing processes and consumer-oriented marketing programs enables us to be the first and only major manufacturer to offer such 2~ incredible breakthrough in the microcomputer marketplace. Browse through our operator's manual and sit down in front of @ Supersiain Il for @ tew hours, Then, let us know what you think about our new system, There is a customer comment card enclosed in this manual for your convenience. Thank you for selecting the SunerBrain Il as your choice far a micranamnitar systam Wa hope you will be selocting it many more times in the future. 6831010 vit vil +++ IMPORTANT *** Do not attempt to write or save programs on your system diskette, It has been ‘write protected’ by placing a small adhesive aluminum strip over the notch on the right hand Sida nf the diskette ‘Such attempts will ragult in @ WRITE" or "RAN SECTOR area Before using your SuperBrain Il, please copy the System Diskette onto a new blank diskette. If you do not have such a diskette, contact your local dealer. He should be ‘able to supply you with one. If you nave any questions concerning this procedure, please contact your dealer before proceeding, Fallure to do so may resull in perma: rent damage to your System Diskette, BEFORE APPLYING POWER TO THE MACHINE INSURE THAT NO DISKETTES ARE INSERTED INTO THE MACHINE. NEVER TURN THE MACHINE ON OR OFF WITH DISKETTES INSERTED IN IT. FAILURE TO OBSERVE THIS PRECALITION Wil | MOST DEFINITELY RESULT IN DAMAGE TO THE DISKETTES, 6831010, “ at CONGRATULATIONS ON YOUR PURCHASE OF INTERTEC’S SUPERBRAIN II VIDEO COMPUTER SYSTEM ‘Your new Supe:Brain Il Video Computer was manutactured at Intertec’s new 120,0U0 square toot plant in Columbia, South Carolina, under stringent quality control procedures to Insure trouble- free operation for many years. If you should encounter difficulties with the use or operation of your tarminal, contact the. irom whem the unit wee purehased for instructions regarding the proper servicing techniques. If service cannot be made avaliable through your dealer, Contact Intertec’s Customer Services Department at (803) 798-9100, ‘As with all Intertec products, we would appreciate any comments you may have regarding yout evaluation and application of this equipment, For your convenience, we have enclosed a fpustomer comment eard at the end of thie manual. Ploace addrove your commento to Product Services Manager Intertoe Data Syotome Corporation 2300 Broad River Road Columbia, South Carolina 29210 6 FE. Eurta tasren: 200 Bed Res Row, Cod, Sut xin 282108 BONTAE9I008 TAK B166562115. Intarie' nw oe hundred and ramnty thousand sar fot corporate and manuactringfecity in Columb, South Carona ee ca31010 v THE SUPERBRAIN Il VIDEO COMPUTER SYSTEM ve 6831010 SuperBrain I Users Manual Introduction « INTRODUCTION fas Tho Superbrain 1! Video Computer System represents the latest technological advances inthe microprocessor industry. The universal adapta of the SuperBraln CPIM! Disk Operating System satisfies ‘the general purpose requirement for a low cost, high performance mmetovornpuer system, ar From the standpoint of human engineering, the SuperBrain II has been designed to minimize operator fatigue thvough the uae of a lypewriereriented heybuald inl @ verialKably eat display. The Super@rain Ii displays a total of 1,920 characters arranged in 24 lines with 80 characters per line. The video display characters can be varied between a primary and secondary character sel. Blinking. halkintensity. underlining, and ravarse video are user selectable display options. The video display Is crisp and sharp due to intertec’s own specially designed video driver circuitry. And, the high quality, non-glare etched CRT face plate featuredon every SuperBrain I! assures ease of viewing and uniformity of brightness throughout the entire soreen. The SuperBrain II's unique internal design assures users of exceptional performance for just a fraction of what they would expect to pay for such “biy system Capabillies. The Superetrain I Uitiizes a single board “microprocessor” design which combines all processor, RAM, ROM, disk ‘controller, and communications electronies on the same printed circuit board. This type of design enaineerina enables the SuparRrain I! tn daliver superior, campetitive performance, Standard features of every SuperBrain II include: two minifloppy disk drives with up to 1.5 é megabytes formatted disk storage, 64K of dynamic RAM memory, recognized CP/M* Disk Operating System featuring its own text editor, an assembler for assembly language programming, a program debugger and a disk formatter. Also standard are dual universal RS232 ‘communication ports tor serial data transmission between a host computer network via modem oF an auxiliary serial printer. A ure Uf Lransmussion rates Up To YOUU Daua are available and selectable under program control. Other standard features of the SuperBrain II include: epecial operator convenience keys, dual “restart” keys to insure simplified user operation, a full numeric keypad complement (whose values can be user reassigned by software), and a high quality typewriter compatible keyboard. Additionally, a real time clock is incorporated for time/date disolay and is user accessinle. For reliability, the SuperGrain II has been designed around five (6) basic modules packaged In an aesthetically pleasing desk-top unit. These major components are: the KeyboardiCPU module, the power supply inuuule, the CAT assembly, the transition board, and the disk drives themselves. Fallure of any component within the terminal may be corrected by simply replacing only the defective module. Individual modules are fastened to the chassis in such a manner to faciitate pagy remaval and reinstallation. Terminal down-time can be greatly minimized by simply “swapping-out" one of the madules and raving component level repair performed at one of Intertec's Service Centers. Spara modules ‘may be purchased from an Intertec marketing office to support those customers who maintain their own “in-house” repair facilities. ‘ne Super 1 cover asserny 8 exCUSWely manutactured “in-house” by Intertec, A hight impact structurakfoam material is covered with a spacial “Yel-ike™ paint to enhance the overall é$ appearance. Since the cover assembiy is injectedmolded, there is virtually no possibilty of racks and dstigurations in the cover iell. By manufacturing and finishing tne cove ses by in-house, Intertec is able to specify only high quality material on the external and internal cover components of your SuperBrain i 0 insure unparalleled durebilty over the years to come 6831010 1 SuperBrain Il Users Manual Introduction ‘A wide variety of programming tools and options are either planned or available for the ‘SuperBrain \l. Software development tools available trom Intertec include Basic (standard) ano Fortran (optional) programming languages. A wide variety of applications packages (general eager, accounts recewable, payrol, inventory, Wora processing, etc.) afe avaliavie 10 uperate under SuperBrain II CPIM Disk Operating System from leading software vendors in the industry Disk storage capability is expandable by interfacing the SuperBrain II to a rigid disk which inereaeee online etorage to 10 megabytes ot more, ‘The high performance ratio of the SuperBrain 1! has rarely been equalled in this industry. By emolovina innovative desian techniques. the SuoerBrain I is not only able to offer a competitive price advantage but boasts many features found only in systems costing three to five times as much, The SuperBrain II twin Z8OA microprocessors insure extremely fast program execution ‘even when faced with the most difficult programming tasks. Additionally, each unit must pass a grueling 4% nour DuMn-in Detore it Is snipped to me customer. Wy comoining aqvanceo microprocessor technology with in-house manufacturing capability and stringent quality contro! requirements, your SuperBrain Il should provide unparalleled reliability in any application into hich it io placed. 12 6831010 FEATURE cpu Microprocessors Word Size Execution Time Machine lrstructions Interrupt Mode FLOPPY DISK Storage Capacity (Formatted) Data Transtor Rate Average Access Timo Media Disk Rotation INTERNAL MEMORY Dynamic RAM Static RAM FIRMWARE DAYIDATE CLOCK e CAT : Display Size Display Format __ 6831010 SuperBrain It Users Manual Intradintion, ‘SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS DESCRIPTION + Twin 2804's with 4MHZ Clock Frequency. One Z80A (the host processor) performs all processor and soreen related funetions. The secand 780A ie “downloaded” hy the haet to execute disk 1/0. Bbits 1.0 microsecond register to register 158 All interrupts are vectored ‘SuperBrain li Jr — 328 KB SuperBrain {| QD — 680 KB SuperBrain I! SD — 1.5 MB. 250K bits/second 260 millieoconds. 6 millicconds trackto track. 5%4-inch mink-disk 300 RPM 64K bytes dynamic RAM 2048 bytes of static RAM is provided in addition to the man processor RAM. 1K x 8 of this RAM storage is used as a disk buller. The remaining RAM is used for attribute storage, 2K x8 bytes standard. Allows “bootstrapping” of system at power-on, Provides continuous time display. Maintains time and date information during power-off and compensates for variances in manthiyear length. 12 inch, specially focused, P4 phosphor, non-glare screen 24 lines x 80 characters per line 13 SuperBrain I Users Manual Intenenietion ‘SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS (continued) FEATURE DESCRIPTION Character Font” 5 x 7 character matrix (with descenders) on a 7 x 10 character field. All visplayed characters aro derived from, + character sets stored on interchangeable EPRONS. Display Pypsentation Light characters on a dark background. Blinking, halt- Intensity, underlining, reverse video attributes standard; ‘optional on-line secondary Character/Graphic set Bandwidth 20 MHZ Cursor : Reversed image (block cursor) COMMUNICATIONS ‘Screen Data Trantor Mamary-mannad af 28 kilahaud Auxiliary Interface Simplified RS-232 asynchronous. Parallel _intertace available, Baud rates are software selectable from 50 to ‘9600 baud. Main Interface Universal RS-232 asynchronous. Synchronous interface ‘swilth seluclable. Baud rales are software selectable fromm 550 to 9600 baud. ‘Transparent Mode: Enables dleplay of all incaming and autgoing control codes. Parity Choice of even, odd, none Transmission Mode Half or Full Duplex. One, one and one-halt, or two stop bits. Addressable Cursor Direct positioning by eittsr discrete or absolute aUIEssiy, SYSTEM UTILITIES Disk Operating Systern CPIM 2.2 DOS Software ‘An 8080 disk assembler, debugger, text editor and file handling uilities. BASIC Sequential and random disk access. Full string aiipulation, iniersreter, OPTIONAL SOFTWARE Languages: FORTRAN; ANSI standard with relocatable, random and sequential disk access. Additionally, any user furnished CPIM compatible software package that can reside in 52K of memory. 6831010, é SuperBrain it Users Manual Introduction ‘SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS (continued) FEATURE Application Packages KEYBOARD ‘Alpnanumene Unaracter Set Special Features” Numeric Pad Cursor Control INIEHNAL CONSTRUCTION Cabinetry ‘Component Layout ENVIRONMENT Weight Physical Dimensions Environment Power Requirements 6831010 DESCHIPTION Extensive software development tools ate available Ineluding sofware fer the fellowing applications: Payrol, Accounts Receivable, Accounts Payable, Inventory Control, General Ledger and Word Processing. Contact an Intertec Sales Office for complete details. Generates all 128 upper and lower case ASCII characters. N-key Rollover, type ahead, and key repeat (09, decimal point, comma, minus and four cursor control keys. Reprogrammable to other values for individual applications Up, down, forward, backward Structural foam Five board modular design. All processor related functions, RAM, controllers and keyboard are on a single printed circuit board. All video, chaining, and power related circuits (on separate boards. Approximately 45 pounds 14-518" (H) A 21-378" NN) A 29-118" (DY Operating 0* to 50* Storage: (* to 85° C; 10 10 95% falative humidity — nan eandansing 115 VAC, 60 HZ, 1 AMP (optional 230 VACISOHZ model available) 18 ‘SuperBrain I Users Manual Introduction INTERNAL CONSTRUCTION Perhaps the most remarkable feature of the SuperBrain II is its modular construction using only five major subassemblies which are clearly defined in their respective functions so as to facilitate ease of construction-and repair, These five subassembiies are shown and described below. perme enema cern = ist 16 6831010, « SuperBrain I Users Manual Intention KEYBOARDICPU MODULE The control section of the SuperBrain II Video Computer is based upon the widely acclaimed 280A microprocessor. The result is far fewer components and the ability to perform a number of functions not yussivie will any ville appruac, The NeybOaTGGPU module contains me SuperBrain II twin ZBOA microprocessors. One Z80A (the host processor) performs all processor {and screen related functions while the second ZB0A can be “downloaded” to execute disk UO hhandiing roytinas: The rasult is extremely fast execution time for programs. In addition to containing the Super®rain II's microprocessor circuitry, the KeyboardiGPU module ‘contains 64K of dynamic RAM. Also found on this module is: the character and keyboard encoder Circuitry, the “bootstrap” EPROM, the disk controller and all communications electronics. Power {is supplied to this module via a single 7 pin ribbon cable connected to the SuperBrain II's main power supply medule. Connection of this module to the disk drive modules is via a separate buon Gable. Separaie Connectors also exist fOr ie Ur! aisplay signals ana serial mu ports, SITES CRT DISPLAY MODULE ‘The CAT Display Module consists of @ 12 inch, high resolution, cathode ray tube mounted in a rigid aluminum chassis. The faceplate of the CRT is etched in order to reduce giare on the surface Of 8 screen anu provide unIform orighiness inrougnoul ihe entire screen area. Ine UHI display presentation is arranged in 24 lines of 80 characters per line fot a total display capacity of 1.920 characters. ‘The CAT video driver circuitry is mounted in the base of the CAT chassis to facilitate ease of removal and cubsequent repair. in tnis manner. either the CRT itself er the video eireulty can be easily exchanced without disrupting anv of the other maior macules within the terminal 6831010 1 ‘SuperBrain I Users Manual Introduction ‘This module is easily removed for service or replacement, A single edge connector Is provided tor connection to SuperBrain II's Keyboard!CPU Module. Wee ts 6831010 SuperBrain Il Users Manual « Introduction MAIN POWCN SUPPLY MODULE ‘The SuperBrain II's power supply Is of a “solid-state, switching" design and employs a voltage regulator to provide many veats of trouble-free service. This desion reduces heat dissination and allows for efficient cooling of the entire terminal with a specially designed whisper fan to reduce environment noise. The entire power supply can be easily removed by unscrewing the screws holding itt the disk drive back plate. This module supplies the five voltages required to power the KeypoarciCPU module, the Video Module, and disk drive. 7 TRANSITION BOARD This board contains the RS-232 serial iO connectors and video brivhtness control. It connects to the video mouute arid the AeybualiOPU rnadule 19 SuperBrain It Users Manual Introuction isk MRIVE MODULES ‘The SuperBrain li.nas a specially designed double-density disk drive subassembly, Each ‘SuperBrain I! contains two of these type drives which are mounted conveniently {ust to the riaht of the CRT display module on a rugged aluminum mounting bracket so ihat thay are flush mounted with the front “bezel of the unit. Power to these drives is derived from the Power Supply Module located just behind the drive assemblies themselves. Data to and from these drives is routed via a single 94 pinsibbur cable cunnecting the arives to the KeyboaralCPU moaule, Side View of Cuperdrain It Drive Assembly 6831010, é Bind SuperBrain 1) Users Manual Introduction THEORY OF OPERATION The SuperBrain |! contains two Z60 microprocessors, uPt Is the main processor which executes all user programs.trom the 64K RAM main memory, while transparently managing the CRT Disolav orocesses. All user UO is alan rennactod to uPt. This 10 includes the Serial Parte, Intertace Controller, Keyboard Encoder, Time/Date Clock, and the External Bus. uP2 performs all floppy Gisk control functions from instructions contained in the 2K Bootloader EPROM. Part of this same EPROM contains the Cold Bootloader for uP1, and is executed when a System Reset is erlormed. Fhe Floppy Disk Control section also contains a 1K x 8 RAM buffer used for temporary storage of disk read/write data. This butler can be accessed by either uP1 or uP2, therefore, a protocol exists to prevent microprocessor contention for this buffer The 64 kilobyte main memory consists of thirty.two 16K x 1 bit dynamic RAMS. These are divided in four banks (0-3) with each bank containing 16 kilobytes of storage. The RAS-CAS timing aquenca nrcassary for mamary arcage ie created by the memory timing generator The CRT-VIDEO CONTROLLER circuitry is divided into three main areas: The CAT controller which generates all the timing signals for data display; the character generator circuitry which produces the character font: and the attribute generation circuitry which provides the special Video capabilities of blinking, underlining, haltintensity, and reverse video in addition to normal video display ‘The capability exists to install an altemate character set EPROM as an option. This would allow the CRT controller to access either character set during normal operation, The CRT controller generates all the timing necessary to display 24 rows of characters with 60 characters per row. Thus the screen can dispiay a total of 1.920 characters. These characters are stored in the CRT refresh butfer which is the upper 2,046 bytes (2K) of main memory. Because the CRT buffer is not a separate butter and the processor must also use the same bus to access memory, this bus must be timeshared between the two. This is accomplished by the CRT Conuiler perturininy @ unect meiuly wCveSS (OMA) CYCLE when IS done atthe last sean line ot each character row, Each character row is civided into ton scan lines, therefore, during the last ‘scan line time, the controller takes contro) of ne processor bus by aenerating a bus request. Atter raring tha his, i marie AO anarantere fram the CRT butler and lade thom inte tho 80 8 ahift register. This data is then recirculated in the buffer for the next nine scan lines to produce one row of video characters, Therefore, there are Iwenly-four OMA cyc, $ petlormed per verticat frame, ‘There are also twenty-five interrupts generated — one for each row scan and one extra during vertical blanking. Ouring the first twenty-four, the pracessor sets or resets the video blanking deperiniy on wirether chal row is splayed oF not. During the vertical blanking interrupt, the address registers in the CRT controller are inilialized to the correct top-ot-page address and the cursor register is also upaates. The Interface Controller is basically three & bit {IO ports (8255). Through this device, the processor can obtain status bis from other devices and react lo the status by settinglresetling ingividual bits in the 8256. The Keyboara Encoder scans the keyboard for a key depression, determines its position, and ‘generates the correct ASCI! code for the key. The processor is flagged by the Data Ready’ signal Yia tne interface Conroier. The Gharacter Is men INpu By the processor The TimeiDate clock is accessed directly by uP! through an /O address. The clock has a battery pewor cupely and will maintain tho correct time and date when the eaieital puwel is teiNwven me O° at Po SuperBrain tI Users Manual Introouction The clock is also available as a real time clock for the user's access. There are also two AS232C serial interface ports. The main ort is capable of synchronous or asynchronous operation. The aux port is a simplified port used for asynchronous operation only. The baud rates are variable from 50 baud 10 9600 baud, The mode of operation of the main port and the baud rate of both ports are set up by the operating system and can be changed by using me “CONFIGUR program. ‘As previously mentioned, uP1 has the capability of communicating with the RAM and ROM in the FLOPPY DISK CONTROLLER. Becauce the amount of main memory used is the maximum that the processor adaressing can support, diferent 16K banks of main memory must be switched off line when communicating with the disk RAM or EPROM, In these cases Bank 0 (0000H-3FFFH) is switched out when communicating with the EPROM. and Bank 2 (BO00H-BFFFH) when ‘communicating with the RAM. The FLOPPY DISK CONTROLLER performs all disk related I/O functions upon command from the ‘main processor. These commands are: Restore to track 0 Reed sector ‘Write sector Write sector with verity * Format The parameters associated with drive, side, track, and sector numbers are loaded, a status word is set at a specified location in the disk RAM. When uP2 receives this status, It sets the ‘disk busy’ status bit and performs the indicated function. Upon completion, it resets the ‘busy’ bit thus allowing the main processor (uP) to retrieve data and status from the RAM. ~ 1412 6831010, 6831010 eee SuperBrain t Users Manual Installation and Operating Instructions INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS UNPACKING INSTRUCTIONS Ra site tn 1190 pvirame eare when unpacking your SuporBrain II Video Computor Byctom. The Unit should be unpacked with the arrows on the outside of the shipping container facing up. The MASTER SYSTEM DISKETTE is located inside the front cover of this manual. Be careful not to.discard or mispiace this diskette as it willbe vital for the later operation of the equipment. i you ‘ordered adcitional, optional software with your computer, it willbe shipped under separate cover. "Now wai you nave located your system aiskette you can proceed to remove the terminal. It you should experience any difficulties, rotate the carton on its side. With the terminal in this position, you should now be able to pull outward on the terminal and separate it from the box, Once the terminal ig out of the carton, piace it on a table and remove the protective plastic bag which should be surrounding the terminal, DO NOT DISCARD THE SHIPPING CARTON SINCE IT COULD POSSIBLY BE USED FOR RESHIPPING AT A LATER DATE. SET UP The first step in this procedure is to verity that your SuperBrain I! is wired for a line voltage that is vallable in your area. This can be asce:tained by chechiny Ie Setial lay lUualed al ie Fight rear Cf the terminal, This tag should indicate that your unit is set up for either 120 or tor a 220 VAC ‘operation. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO CONNECT THE SUPERBRAIN I! VIDEO COMPUTER SYSTEM TO YOUR LOCAL POWER OUTLET LINLFSS THE VOI TAGF AT VOUR OLITLET IS IDENTICAL TO THE ONE SPECIFIED ON THE BACK OF YOUR TERMINAL. It the voltages differ, contact your dealer at once and do not proceed to connect the SuperBrain Il 10 the power outlet Betore connecting the SuperBrain Il to the wall outlet, be sure that the power switch located at the lett rear corner is turned OFF. You may now proceed fo connect your computer system f0 the. wall outlet, After completing this connection, turn the power switch to the ON position, At this time, you shoud! hee! @ faint “whliiey” sauna conMiy one ite fan In ie Computer, Alter approximately 60 seconds the message INSERT DISKETTE INTO DRIVE A will appear on the screen. If this message does not appear on the screen after approximately 60 seconds, Simultaneously danracs tha tin REN kaye lncated an aithar side .* the alphanumerie keyboard These are the master system reset keys and should reinitialize the computer system, thereby Gisplaying the “INSERT” message on the screen, tf, after several attempts at resetting the equipment you are unable to get this message 10 appear on the screen, turn the unit off “or approximately 3 to § minutes and then reapply power to the unit If you are stil unable to get the appropriate message fo appear on the screen, contact your Intertee representative. ‘SYSTEM DISKETTE Now that you have power applied fo tne machine and the INSERT OISKETTE message has been isolayed in the upper left hand comer, you are ready 10 oroceed With loading the camnuter's ‘operating system. This is accomplished by ‘ocating the smal! 5%" diskette that was packed with this manual, Once you have located this viskette, you will notice that a small adhesive strip has been placed over the notch on the right hang side of the diskette, This alurrinum strip is used to WHIIEPHUTELI the disxette. Ineretore, you may only read programs Irom this diskette. If you wish to write or save programs on the system diskette, it will be necessary to femove the small adhesive aluminum strip trom the diskette. This 's NOT RECOMMENDED as it will subject your digkotte 19 aceidental errors that may be caused by you while yuu are gelling fata Will IIe operating system You are now ready 0 oroceed with inserting the rysiam siekotte into the machine. When facing 6831010 2a SuperBrain I Users Manual Inotallation and Operating instructions the front of the machine, you will notice that there are two small openings on the right hand side of the machine. The leftmost opening is designated as drive A. The rightmost opening is designated as drive B. This distinction is important since the disk operating system can only be loaded trom drive A, Open the disk drive door on dive A (the leftmost drive), The drive can be opened by applying a very sligil pressure outward on tne small tlat door located in tne center ot ine opening. Once ine. dive door has been opened, insert the Operating System Diskette, The front of the diskette should contain a small white sticker located in the upper lef hand comer of the diskette. This, diouette chould contain a moceage indioating that it fa the CuperDrain Il DOG Dislctic with OPM Version 2.2. Be careful to insure that (1) the small aluminum write protect stip is oriented towards the top edge of the diskette and that (2) the label tocated in the upper left hand corner of the ‘operating system diskelte is facina AWAY from the screen towards the right hand side of the terminal, Once you nave oriented the diskette in this fashion, insert It into the terminal It is EXTREMELY important that the diskette be properly oriented before inserting it into the machine since improper orientation will not allow the operating system to properly load, Once the diskette has been placed in the machine, be sure thatithas been inserted all the way by applying a gentle pressure on the rear edge of the diskette, Once you are certain that the diskette is fully iiperteu, vluse the uisk alive dour. This Gan be accomplishes by applying a sign pressure on tne oor, pulling it back into the direction from which it was originally opened, Once you have closed the door, you will notice a small “swishing” sound. This sound is normal and indicates that the Ccamputar is now attempting to load the operating system, Somo drives are quieter than othere land therefore this noise may not be audible, Alter closing the door the following message should appear in the upper left-corner of tha serean: SUPERBRAIN II DOS VER XX, FOR CPIM 2.2 A> It this message does not appear on the screen, try depressing the tiwo RED keys located on either side of the keyboard. This should reset the terminal and thereby altempt to reload the operating system. It alter several seconds, the message does not appear on ‘he screen, try depressing the RED keys several ingle limes. If repeated depressions oF the HEL KeyS OO NOt Oring uP tne indicated message, then open the door on the disk rive A and remove the system diskette and check to see if it was properly inserted. If you are unsure as to the proper orientation of the aisvette, please contact the reprecontative from whem you originally purchaced your equipment. After you have checked the orientation of the diskette, try reinserting it into drive A (do NOT insert the system diskette into drive B as it will not load from drive A). Once the diskette has hean, reinserted, close the door on drive A and depress the RED keys. If alter several repeated depressions of the RED keys, the message SUPERBRAIN II DOS VER X.X, for CPIM 2.2, does not appear on the terminal then contact your dealer. REVIEWING THE SYSTEM DISKETTE Alter you have successfully !oaded the Systom Diskette and Disk Operating System (DOS), the ‘bupertsrain HIS reagy 10 accept your aISk operating system commands. At this time we will review several of the commands in tne operating system. However, itis recommended that you reler to the appropriate section in this manual for a detailed description of all such commans. introduotion to CPIM Feeturos and Facilitioa}. The most used system command is the DIR ‘command. This command directs the operating system to display the directory of all programs ccontained on the system diskette, You may enter this command by simply typing the letters DIR on the keyboard, 22 ‘ 6831010 Suoer8rain I Users Manual Inotallation end Operating Inotruetions ‘After you have typed these letters, itis necessary to depress the RETURN key. Depressing this key instructs the computer to process the line of data Inat you have just type. Alter you depress the RETURN key the computer should respond by displaying all of the programs on the system Ulskente. These programs wil appear in a 1orm somewhat similar to the following AED.COM ADDT.COM AASM.COM ALOAD.COM ‘DUMP COM To obtain a better understanding of just what this information means, let's take a look at the first Tine ‘AED.COM The firot letter on this line ia the letter A. This tells you that toe iforsiaions fultowiny this Fete fs located on drive A. The colon serves as a separator between the drive designator ("A") and the tile NAME and file TYPE. The file NAME is, in this case, "ED" and the file TYPE is “COM.” This lina tells the aneratar that a pengram ealad FN (tha risk operating system tev! arity is lnraten fon the "A" drive and is a COM type of file, A more detailed treatment of this information can be found in the CPIM sections of this manual DUPLICATING THE OPERATING DISKETTE. Now that you have successtully loaded the Disk Operating System on Drive A, itis important to duplicate this diskette. This is necessary in older to preserve Ihe criginal Copy of the iskelly and guard against any possibie damage to the original media. To generate a copy of the operating system you will fist need a new blank diskette. We recommend an Intertec diskette for this Pumnse If yan da nat have any blank diovottos of similar quality, please contact the epresentative tram whom yau purchased your equipment. The representative should be able to supply you with an ample quantity of these diskettes. Ingert the blank diskette into drive B. Follow the procedures outlines in the previous paragraphs Tegarding the insertion of the operating system diskette, The only dit‘erence Is that you will be inserting the new blank diskette into drive B. Be sure and leave the system diskette installed 'n uhive A. ‘Once you have installed the new blank diskette in drive B, you are ready to “FORMAT” the new dlsketin IH is nacassary ta fermat all previously unused diskettes before attempting to trancior data to them, This is necessary because all information is stored on diskettes in what is known as a SOFT SECTORED FORMAT which necessitates the writing of certain information on the disks before user programs or data can ve stored on them. To format tho diskette in drive B, enter the command FORMAT and depress the RETURN key. The operating system will respond by asking you to select one of the following * J — For formatting SuperBrain Il Jr diskettes + Q—For formatting SuperBrain II QD diskettes + S— For formatting SuporBrain Il €D giokettos CAUTION: SuperBrain II Jr and QD diskettes cannot be formatted on SD machines and vice- versa 6831010 23 oe SuperBrain I Users Manual Installation ard Operating Instructions: Once the appropriate option is selected, the operating system will prompt the user to insert a blank diskette into drive B in case that has not already been done, Next, the user should depress the F key to begin formatting ‘When a diskette is being formattéd, the readiwrite heads position to track 0 and sequentially writes each track. The screen displays the current track numbers. The track value displayed will range fon: * 0:94 for the SuperBrain It Jr + 060 for tho SuperBrain 11 AD * 0-189 for the SuperBrain II SD After the disk has been completely formatted, the operatina system will respond by asking vou whether to “REBOOT” the operating system or whether you wish to format another disk. it you wish to format another disk, remiove the newly formatted disk trom drive 8 and insert a new blank diskette into drive B, You may now proceed to format this new diskette by once again entering the letter . 11 you do not wish 10 tormat any more aiskettes, simply enter a RETURN. The Operating System should now reload and once again be ready to accept new commands. Since the intent of this procedure was to copy the original disk operating system we are now ready to begin that procedure. This can be accomplished by entering the following command on the keyboard: ADPIP B= *."1V] ‘The SYSGEN command 's w2ed to read the operating system from a diskette and place it on the desired aiskette. Once you have entered this command at the keyboard and typed RETURN, the disk operating system will ask you fo select which drive you want to take the source from. The oact anewor to this question i the letter “A Aftar entering & danrace tha RETURN, ‘The next question the program will ask is where do you want the source to be placed (the destination drive). The correct answer to this is te letter "B" indicating drive B. Once you have entered this, the operating system will be copied trom drive A onto drive B. Alter this process has been completed the operating system will ask whether you wish to make anotner copy Ut Iu relvad the Uperating system, The Lunees resporise Is 19 sImply enter a RETURN which will reload the operating system. ‘nee the eporating eystom hae Been reloaded, yn! may remove the mastar dick eperating 24 6831010

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