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FACULTAD DE ESTUDIOS A DISTANCIA

ENGLISH II
INSTRUCTIVO PARA DESARROLLAR LAS ACTIVIDADES
CORRESPONDIENTES AL UNIDAD 1
(TECNOLOGÍA EN REGENCIA DE FARMACIA)

UNIDAD 1: GREAT PEOPLE AND TALES (TO BE PAST, REGULAR AND


IRREGULAR VERBS, SIMPLE PAST- PAST PROGRESSIVE- WH QUESTIONS)

a) SIMPLE PAST
Tenga presente que en inglés existen los verbos regulares e irregulares. Los
regulares son aquellos que su pasado se forma simplemente agregando ED a su
infinitivo, ejemplo: Like - liked, work - worked, listen - listened, y los irregulares son
aquellos que no siguen ninguna regla, por lo tanto deben ser aprendidos de
memoria.
Recuerde las estructuras para hacer oraciones en pasado:

Con el verbo TO BE (se o estar)

Afirmativa: Sujeto + was / were + complemento


I was a very good student

Negativa: sujeto + wasn´t / weren´t + complement


I wasn´t unfriendly

Preguntas: Was / were + sujeto + + complemento?


Were you a good student?
Yes, I was.
No, I wasn´t.

Si la pregunta es de información, no olvide utilizar las Wh*.


Con verbos diferentes al To Be:

Afirmativa: Sujeto + verbo en pasado + complemento


I danced on christmas.

Negativa: sujeto + didn´t + verbo en presente + complemento


I didn´t dance on Christmas.
Preguntas:
Yes / NO: Did + sujeto + verbo en presente + complemento?
Did you dance on Christmas?
Yes, I did.
No, I didn´t.

Information: Wh* + did + sujeto + verbo?

Where did you study?


I studied in Tunja.

Al final del instructivo encontrará una tabla con los principales verbos irregulares
en inglés. Recuerde que en esta unidad debe utilizar la casilla dos o uno según las
estructuras dadas

Es importante tener en cuenta que para decir cuánto tenía (hablando de edad) se
dice When I was... Ejemplo: When I was eighteen. (Cuando tenía 18 años...)

b) PAST PROGRESSIVE

Form

  Affirmative Negative Question


I / he / she / I was speaking. I was not speaking. Was I speaking?
it
you / we / You were You were not Were you speaking?
they speaking. speaking.

Exceptions in Spelling

Exceptions in spelling when adding ing Example


final e is dropped (but: ee is not changed) come – coming
(but: agree – agreeing)
after a short, stressed vowel, the final sit – sitting
consonant is doubled
final ie becomes y lie – lying

c) PAST SIMPLE VS PAST PROGRESSIVE

1. Past simple
El "past simple" describe una acción pasada ya finalizada.
When I was young I lived in Madrid (Cuando era joven vivía en Madrid)
 
2. past continuous or past progressive
Indica que una acción se estaba desarrollando en cierto momento
del pasado al cual se hace referencia. No dice si la acción ya finalizó o
todavía continuaba.
• When the mother came home her husband was playing with the kids (cuando la
madre llegó a casa su marido estaba jugando con los niños).

A veces se describen dos acciones simultáneas que tuvieron lugar en el pasado.


En dicho caso, se utiliza el "past simple" para describir aquella que finalizó y
el "past continuous"para aquella otra que estaba ocurriendo cuando la
primera tuvo lugar.
• Yesterday evening when you called me I was having a shower (ayer en la
noche cuando me llamaste, me estaba bañando)
• When the parents arrived home the children were watching TV (cuando los
padres llegaron a casa, los niños estaban mirando Tv).

ACTIVIDADES TÍTULO 1

Tema1: TALKING ABOUT GREAT PEOPLE (TO BE PAST, REGULAR AND


IRREGULAR VERBS, SIMPLE PAST)

Actividades:

a) Resuelva el siguiente ejercicio


Complete the sentences with the verbs below in past simple
WALK - ENJOY - LIKE - WASH - TRAVEL - FINISH - LISTEN -
STUDY
1. Lucy _____liked ____her birthday presents
2. Last weekend I ___ walked ____in the mountains for 2 hours
3. We _____enjoyed ____the party very much
4. Ken___listened __ to his favourite cd yesterday
5. My sister ____studied __Maths for an exam
6. They ____traveled ___ to the USA 2003
7. Dad___washed ___his car last weekend
8. The film ___ finished ____at 11.30

Grammar : SIMPLE PAST TENSE

Afirmative form.  Subject +verb in past+complement.


He visited his family last week.

They went to Europe last weekend

Negative form: Use the auxiliary did+not  = didn`t

Subject+ didn`t +verb+complement.

He  didn`t visit his family last week.

They didn`go to Europe last weekend.

Interrogative form.

Did +subject+verb in present +complement.

Did you visit his family last weekend?  Yes,I did.

Did he go Europe Last month? No,he didn`t.

b) Write five sentences in simple past and five sentences in negative form.

Mary and the children .


likes love
1. Went 4. Traveled
2. Was 5. Stayed
3. Was 6. Was
7. Went

b) Escriba su autobiografía en 25 oraciones. No olvide emplear to be


past, verbos regulares e irregulares, simple past affirmative and
negative.
c) I was born in sogamoso in 1990
d) I went to school at 6 years old
e) I was an excellent student
f) I took the bus to school
g) I was a neat and obedient girl}
h) I didn't learn to play the guitar
i) I was not good at math
j) I played dolls with my friends
k) My family went on vacation to San Andres
l) I graduated at 17 years old
m) I learned to sing at the age of 18
n) I entered the university to study pharmacy regency
o) I met wonderful people at the university
p) I did not travel to various places in Colombia
q) I adopted a pet at the age of 22
r) I did not learn a second language
s) I was not good at dance
t) my grandmother died when I was 9 years old
u) I don't learn to ride a horse
v) I bought a car three years ago
w) my parents celebrated my 15 years at a big party
x) I did not learn to swim
y) I went to a youth company 2 years ago
z) I worked for 3 years in a large company
aa) I had a boyfriend at 20 years old
bb) I did not travel abroad

Tema2: RETELLING TALES (WHO QUESTIONS - SIMPLE PAST VS PAST


PROGRESSIVE)

Grammar. Past progressive or continuous

Affirmative form.
Subject+to be+verb (ing) +complement.
He was studying for the final test.
They were playing soccer yesterday
I was working very hard.

Negative form: wasn`t/weren`t


He wasn`t studying for the final test.
They weren`t playing soccer yesterday
I wasn` working very hard.

Actividades: Diríjase al siguiente link y desarrolle las actividades


propuestas:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i2u4J5iw890

• Escuche la historia, formule y responda 10 preguntas de información en


pasado simple, ejemplo:
Who appeared to Cinderella? A fairy Godmother

1. Who did Cinderella live with? She lived with her stepmother and two stepsisters.
2. Who were invited to the ball in the palace? All the young maidens
3. What was Cinderella’s dream? She wanted to go to the ball
4. What did Cinderella ask her stepmother? Can I also go to the ball?
5. What did the fairy change? A pumpkin changed to the golden coach, six mice into six horses
and another mouse into a coach man
6. What kind of slippers did the fairy give to Cinderella? She gave to Cinderella a pair of
beautiful glass slippers
7. What did the prince feel when he saw Cinderella? He instantly fell in love
8. What did Cinderella forget after the ball? She forgot a crystal slipper
9. What did the prince do after Cinderella left? He gave important information for soldiers to
enact it
10. What happened when the slipper fit into the foot of Cinderella? She married the prince

• Escuche la historia, cambie 15 de la oraciones que están en pasado simple


ha pasado continuo, ejemplo: Cinderella lived with a stepmother: Cinderella
was living with a stepmother.

a) cenienta was doing all the work in the house
b) Cinderella was living with his stepmother and sisters
c) the girls where they were inviting them to the palace
d) Cinderella was looking forward to going to the dance
e) the fairy was transforming the pumpkin into a beautiful carriage
f) the fairy is transforming mouse into horses
g) Cinderella was putting on a beautiful dress
h) Cinderella was coming to the dance
i) the prince was falling in love with cinderella
j) the prince was dancing with cinderella
k) Cinderella was leaving the party
l) Cinderella was leaving his slipper behind.
m) the prince was missing cinderella
n) the soldiers were looking for the maiden
o) Cinderella was marrying the prince

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