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THE SEPTUAGINT ODES

An Orientation
Gert J. Steyn

Table 1: Traditional Odes of the Greek (Eastern) Church


Ode 1 Exod 15:1–19 ᾨδὴ Μωυσέως ἐν τῇ Ἐξόδῳ Song of Moses during the exodus
Ode 2 Deut 32:1–43 ᾨδὴ Μωυσέως ἐν τῷ Song of Moses in Deuteronomy
Δευτερονομίῳ
Ode 3 1 Kgd 2:1–10 Προσευχὴ Αννας μητρὸς Prayer of Hannah, mother of
Σαμουηλ Samuel
Ode 4 Hab 3:2–19 Προσευχὴ Αμβακουμ Prayer of Habakkuk
Ode 5 Isa 26:9–20 Προσευχὴ Ησαιου Prayer of Isaiah
Ode 6 Jon 2:3–10 Προσευχὴ Ιωνα Prayer of Jonah
Ode 7 DanTh 3:26–45 Προσευχὴ Αζαριου Prayer of Azariah
(Additions to Daniel)
Ode 8 DanTh 3:52–88 Ὕμνος τῶν τριῶν παίδων Hymn of the Three Young Men
(Additions to Daniel)
Ode 9 Lk 1:46–55 + Προσευχὴ Μαριας τῆς θεοτόκου Prayer of Mary the Theotokos
(Magnificat)
Lk 1:68–79 + Προσευχὴ Ζαχαριου + Prayer of Zechariah
(Benedictus)
Ode 10 Isa 5:1–9 ᾨδὴ Ησαιου Isaiah’s Song
Ode 11 Isa 38:10–20 Προσευχὴ Εζεκιου Prayer of Hezekias
Ode 12 Cf. 2 Chr 33:12– Προσευχὴ Μανασση Prayer of Manasseh
13, 18–19; 4
Kgdms 21:17
Ode 13 Lk 2:29–32 Προσευχὴ Συμεων Prayer of Simeon
(Nunc dimittis)
Ode 14 Cf. Pss 118:12; Ὕμνος ἑωθινός The Morning Hymn
144:2; Lk 2:14 (Gloria in excelsis deo)
Table 2: Greek witnesses (5th – 10th century C.E.)
A R T 55 Church LXX parallel Category / Genre
5c. 6c. 7c. 10c.
1 1 --- 1 Ode 1 Exod 15:1–19 Song of Moses
during the exodus
2 2 --- 2 Ode 2 Deut 32:1–43 Song of Moses
in Deuteronomy
3 3 xxx 3 Ode 3 1 Kgdms 2:1–10 Prayer of Hannah
---- 4 --- --- Ode 10 Isa 5:1–9 Song of Isaiah
4 ---- --- 5 Ode 5 Isa 26:9–20 Prayer of Isaiah
5 5 --- 6 Ode 6 Jon 2:3–10 Prayer of Jonah
6 6 --- 4 Ode 4 Hab 3:2–19 Prayer of Habakkuk
7 lacks 8 12 Ode 11 Isa 38:10–20 Prayer of Hezekias
8 lacks 9 13 Ode 12 Cf. 2 Chr 33:12–13, Prayer of Manasseh
18–19; 4 Kgdms 21:17
9 lacks 10 7 Ode 7 DanTh 3:26–45 Prayer of Azariah
(Additions to Daniel)
10 8 11+ 8 Ode 8 DanTh 3:52–88 Hymn of the three Young Men
12 (Additions to Daniel)
11+ 7 7+ 9+ Ode 9 Lk 1:46–55 + Prayer of Mary
13 13 10 Lk 1:68–79 Prayer of Zechariah
12 lacks 14 11 Ode 13 Lk 2:29–32 Prayer of Simeon
14 lacks 15 14 Ode 14 Cf. Pss 118:12; 144:2; The Morning Song
Lk 2:14

Table 3: Intertexts by Philo, Josephus, the New Testament and Apostolic Fathers
Ode LXX parallel Philo Josephus New Apostolic
GrCh
Testament Fathers

Ode 1 Exod 15:1–19 Mos. 2.257; Leg. 1.102; Agr. Ant. ----
2.2.16.4
Song of Moses 82; Somn. 2.269; Ebr. 111;
Congr. 57
Ode 2 Deut 32:1–43 Leg. 3.105; Det. 114; Post. ---- Rm 10:19; 1Clem. 3.1;

Song of Moses 121; 167; Plant. 59; Sobr. 12:19; 29.2;


10; Mut. 182; Somn. 2.191; 15:10; Heb Barn 19.9
Virt. 72-74 1:6; 10:30
Ode 3 1 Kgds 2:1–10 Immut. 10; Mut. 143 ---- Allusions: 1Clem. 13.1
Lk 1:46; 1:69
Prayer: Hannah
Ode 4 Hab 3:2–19 ---- ---- Allusions:
Mt 21:19; Lk
Prayer: Habakkuk
1:47; 13:6

Ode 5 Isa 26:9–20 ---- ---- Isa 26,20 = 1Clem. 50.4


Prayer: Isaiah Heb 10,20
Allusion:
2. Tm 2:19

Ode 6 Jon 2:3–10 ---- Ant. ----

Prayer: Jonah 2.9.10.2


(Jon 1:1–
4:11)
Ode 7 DanTh 3:26–45 ---- Ant. ---- 1Clem. 59.3
Prayer: Azariah 2.10.10.5 [Vulg. 3.55;
(Dn 2:46– Sir 16:18.19;
3:30) Judith 9:11
Th ---- ---- ----
Ode 8 Dan 3:52–88
Hymn: 3 Men
Ode 9 Luke 1:46–55 + 1Clem. 59.3

Luke 1:68–79 1Clem. 48.4

Ode 10 Isa 5:1–9 Somn. 2.172 ---- Jas 5:4 Cf. Hermas Vis

Isaiah’s Song 3, 9.6

Ode 11 Isa 38:10–20 ---- Ant. ---- ----

Prayer: Hezekias 2.10.2.1

Ode 12 2 Chr 33:12–13, ---- Ant. ----

18–19 2.10.3.2 (2

Prayer: Manasseh Chron


33:11-20)
Ode 13 Lk 2:29–32
Prayer: Simeon
Ode 14 Pss 118:12; Barn. 6.6
144:2; Lk 2:14
Morning Song