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# Datos experimentales :

Para el calefactor

12 Kg/h

68 °C 65 °C 62 °C

APE=0
105°C
APE=0
APE=0

60 Kg/h

26 Kg/h 22 Kg/h
94 Kg/h 72 Kg/h

64 °C

Delta h=60
Ma=120 cm
Kg/h Tiempo=20
Balances de materiaa min
E1
mp=120−26=94
E2
MP=94−22=72
E3
MP=72−12=60
Calor absorbido suministrado y perdido :
E1
Q |¿| MpHp+ EHe−MaHa
Kcal
Ha=64
kg
Kcal
Hp=68
kg
Kcal
He=626.5
kg
Q |1|=26 ( 626.5 ) +94 ( 68 )−120 ( 64 ) =15001

π 2 0.6 m m3
Masa de vapor = ( 0.4 m )
4
( 20 min
1h
60 min )
=0.2261
h

kg
ρ 40 ° C=992.25
m3

m3 ( Kg
Masa de Vapor=0.2261 992.25 )=224.4416
h h
Kcal
λ 105° C =535.8
Kg
Kg Kcal Kcal
h Kg h
Kcal
Qperd 1=112512.57−15001=97511.57
h
E2
Ha=68
Hp=65
He=625.2
Q |¿|72 ( 65 ) +22 ( 625.2 )−94 ( 68 )=12042.4
λ 68 ° C=558.5
Q ∑ ¿ 22 ( 558.5 ) =12287.
Q perd=12287−12042.4=244.6
E3
Ha=65
Hp=62
he=624.0
Q |¿| 60 ( 62 ) +12 ( 624 ) −72 ( 65 )=6528
λ 65 ° C=560.2
Q ∑ ¿ 22 ( 560.2 )=12324.4

Qperd=12324.4−6528=5796.4
Eficiencias
E1
15001
η= =0.13=13 %
112512.57
E2
12042.4
η= =0.98=98 %
12287
E3
6528
η= =0.52=52 %
12324.4
Fuerza impulsora
E1
ΔT =105−68=37
E2
ΔT =68−65=3
E3
ΔT =65−62=3
Cálculo de U :

## A=πd∗l∗N =π∗0.03 m∗2.54 m∗4=0.9576 m2

E1
Qabs
U=
A∗∆ T
15001
U= =423.3839
0.9576 ( 37 )
E2
12042.4
U= =4191.868
0.9576 ( 3 )
E3
6528
U= =2272.347
0.9576 ( 3 )
Factor de Economía :
E1
26
E= =0.1158
224.46
E2
22
E= =0.8461
26
E3
12
E= =0.5454
22
TOTAL
60
E= =0.2673
224.46
E1
26
CE= =27.1512
0.9576
E2
22
CE= =22.9741
0.9576
E3
12
CE= =12.5313
0.9576
60
CE Total= =62.6566
0.9576

CTC=Q ¿ ¿
||
A
E1
15001
CTC= =15665. 2046
0.9576
E2
12042.4
CTC= =12575.6056
0.9576
E3
6528
CTC= =6817.0426
0.9576
π π
A= ( D 2)∗N= ( 0.032 ) ( 4 ) =0.00283
4 4
M
V=
ρA
E1
120 1
V=
981 ( 0.00283 )
=43.22 (
3600 )
=0.0120

E2
1
V=
94 ( 3600 ) =0.00942
978.78 ( 0.00283 )
E3
1
V=
72 ( 3600 ) =0.00720
980.45 ( 0.00283 )
A LA SALIDA
E1
1
V=
94 ( 3600 ) =0.009427
978.78 ( 0.00283 )
E2
1
V=
72 ( 3600 ) =0.007208
980.45 ( 0.00283 )
E3
1
V=
60 ( 3600 ) =0.005997
982.07 (0.00283)
0.0120+0.009427
VPROME 1= =0.010714
2
0.00942+0.007208
VPROME 2= =0.00831
2
0.00720+ 0.005997
VPROME 3= =0.00659
2
TIEMPO DE RESIDENCIA
Nt L
t=
Vprom
2.54
Tevap1= =237.073 s
0.010714
2.54
Tevap 2= =305.65 s
0.00831
2.54
Tevap= =385.43 s
0.00659

17°C
800 l/h
31°C

12 kg/h
63°C

58 °C

1
M H 2 O entrada =800 ( 1000 ) ( 998.86 )=799.08
L 1 m3 Kg
M H 2 O salida =800 (
h 1000 L )( )
995.41 3 =796.32
m
M H 2 O=797.7

Qsum=E∗λ λ a 63 ° C=561.4
Qsum=12∗561.4=6736.8
Qtrans=450 ( 1 ) ( 31−17 )=6300
Qperd=6736.8−6300=436.8
6300
η= ∗100=93.51 %
6736.8
ΔT 1=63−31=32
ΔT 2=58−17=41
41−32
ΔTML= =36.31
41
ln
32( )
A=π ( 0.03 )( 2.54 )( 8 )=1.9151
6300
U= =90.6
1.9151(36.31)

1
450 ( 3600 ) =0. 08852
π
(0.032)(2)(998.86)
4

E
CE=
A - +
E
E=
Mv - +
Qtrans
η=
Qsum - +
Rendimiento - +