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ALHAMRE OPEN AIR THEATER

In this report we are going to relate alhamra open air theater with the unique
historical building COLOSSEUM.

Introduction:
The Colosseum or Roman Coliseum, originally the Flavian
Amphitheatre (Latin: Amphitheatrum Flavium, Italian Anfiteatro Flavio or
Colosseo), is an elliptical amphitheatre in the center of the city of Rome,
Italy, the largest ever built in the Roman Empire. It is one of the greatest
works of Roman architecture and Roman engineering.

Alhamra open air theater is constructed in 1993.and the shape of plan is
round as that of colosseum and designed by the architect NAYYER ALI
DADA.it is a public building and use as theater. The similar function as that of
colosseum in the history.

Spectators capacity and usage:
Colosseum:

Colosseum was capable of seating 50,000 spectators, the Colosseum was
used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles. As well as the
gladiatorial games, other public spectacles were held there, such as mock
sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and
dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for
entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such
purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a
quarry, and a Christian shrine.

large musical concerts.000 m2). with a base area of 6 acres (24. EXTERIOR: Colosseum: The Colosseum is an entirely free-standing structure. surrounded by a wall (15 ft) high. above which rose tiers of seating Alhamra open air theater: The open-air theatre was designed for large cultural activities. It has a seating capacity of 4'500. backstage facilities. and rehearsal areas. retail spaces. Equally useful income from the commercial areas help in running the expenses of the project. the architectural ambiance of the place has inspired artists a great deal.500. The commercial activities on the ground level provide financing for the building. The project provides the largest gallery space for performing arts in Lahore due to the flexibility of designed space. The central arena is an oval (287 ft) long and (180 ft) wide. The height of the outer wall is 48 meters (157 ft / 165 Roman feet). seminars. International troupe have invariably commended the project for its elegance and utility. plays. The arena concept of this building is a direct reference to what the architect perceived as old Greek and Roman theatres. The basic mass of the building is cylindrical. and 156 meters (510 ft / 528 Roman feet) wide. It is elliptical in plan and is 189 meters (615 ft / 640 Roman feet) long. The perimeter originally measured 545 meters (1. It derives its basic exterior and interior architecture from that of two Roman theatres back to back. Space in and around the building. The exterior of the building is . two smaller theatres/auditoriums (350-400 people). VIP lounge. restrooms. art shows and various other activities.Alhamra open air theater: The arena of open air theater was to accommodate an audience of 4.835 Roman feet). puppet festivals. It has catered for the following multiple uses. seating all around the stage provides close range visibility for the maximum number of viewers.788 ft / 1. both the outdoors and indoors.

providing the best views of the arena. Small pairs of windows that bring light to the upper level passages make another horizontal pattern on the wall. The names of some 5th century senators can still be seen carved into the stonework. the Colosseum could accommodate 87. The overlap of the sides of the hexagon resulted in the location of some seating sections slightly off from the . The transfer from the circular envelope to the hexagonal stage engendered two types of circulation patterns: one that runs radially from the centre to the periphery and the other runs parallel to the sides of the hexagon. semi-circular arched openings run along the top of the wall. who were allowed to bring their own chairs. Alhamra open air theater: The arena of the theatre is primarily hexagonal in shape. has a horizontal composition. The building therefore.made of red brick interspersed with courses of decorative patterns made of ceramic tiles or bevelled bricks. Flanking them at the same level was a broad platform or podium for the senatorial class.000. although modern estimates put the figure at around 50. INTERIOR: Colosseum: According to the Codex-Calendar of 354. Special boxes were provided at the north and south ends respectively for the Emperor and the Vestal Virgins. They were seated in a tiered arrangement that reflected the rigidly stratified nature of Roman society. On the parapet level.000 people.

This helps to lighten up the effect of the centrality of the composition.centre. THE MATERIAL USE ON EXTERIOR: The drum shape with regular arches and entrance steps wrapped in rising staggered wall. by accentuating slightly oblong lines of sight. Its the very vivid montage .500. seating all around the stage provides close range visibility for the maximum number of viewers. As the arena was to accommodate an audience of 4. hint the ancient coliseum. The basic design premise starts from the functional requirements of sight lines and acoustics. Brick cladding and its detailing in blue tiles signal the traditional mausoleums of Multan. Even the solitary columns in the forecourt suggest subtly the ancient character of such arenas.

Equally useful income from the commercial areas help in running the expenses of the project. the architectural ambiance of the place has inspired artists a great deal. large musical concerts. puppet festivals. It has catered for the following multiple uses. The architect of this project is recognized for creatively providing the modern requirements of an open air theater while reviving a traditional craft of the region. . CONCLUSION: It provides the largest gallery space for performing arts in Lahore due to the flexibility of designed space. These tiles were traditionally used for construction of architectural monuments in the region of Multan in Pakistan. Alhamra is now established as the National Centre of Arts in the country. plays. seminars.of two ancient architectural expressions. The construction of this large project has revived a near dying tradition of hand-made blue tile. one to describe its function and the other its outer enumeration. art shows and various other activities. There future and the skills of the local artisans is threatened by the industrializing and modernizing aspirations of this young country. International troupe have invariably commended the project for its elegance and utility. Space in and around the building. which is readily accepted by the public. both the outdoors and indoors.

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