SKF spherical plain bearings and rod ends

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The SKF brand now stands for more than ever before, and means more to you as a valued customer. While SKF maintains its leadership as the hallmark of quality bearings throughout the world, new dimensions in technical advances, product support and services have evolved SKF into a truly solutions-oriented supplier, creating greater value for customers. These solutions encompass ways to bring greater productivity to customers, not only with breakthrough application-specific products, but also through leadingedge design simulation tools and consultancy services, plant asset efficiency maintenance programs, and the industry’s most advanced supply management techniques. The SKF brand still stands for the very best in rolling bearings, but it now stands for much more. SKF – The knowledge engineering company

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Product information ................................................ 4

Where self-alignment is called for ................................ 4 When flexibility pays ...................................................... 6 An incomparable range ................................................. 9 Multi-purpose performance .......................................... 12

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Recommendations .................................................. 16

Selection of bearing size ............................................... 16 Load ratings ................................................................. 16 Basic rating life ............................................................ 17 Load ............................................................................. 18 Equivalent dynamic bearing load ............................ 18 Equivalent static bearing load ................................. 20 Permissible loads for rod ends................................ 20 Requisite bearing size.................................................. 21 Specific bearing load............................................... 21 Mean sliding velocity ............................................... 21 Basic rating life ............................................................ 24 Sliding contact surface combinations requiring maintenance: steel-on-steel and steel-on-bronze ....................................................... 24 Maintenance-free sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite ............ 26 Maintenance-free sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric ................................ 27 Maintenance-free sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite ........................ 29 Variable load and sliding velocity ............................ 30 Calculation examples................................................... 30 Friction ............................................................................ 35 Application of bearings.................................................. 36 Radial location of bearings .......................................... 36 Axial location of bearings............................................. 40 Sealing ......................................................................... 43 Designing the bearing arrangement for easy mounting and dismounting .......................................... 46 Lubrication ...................................................................... 48 Spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance.......... 48 Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings.................. 48 Rod ends requiring maintenance................................. 50 Maintenance-free rod ends.......................................... 50 Maintenance ................................................................... 51 Mounting ......................................................................... 52 Spherical plain bearings ............................................. 52 Rod ends ..................................................................... 54 Dismounting.................................................................... 55 Spherical plain bearings ............................................. 55 Rod ends ..................................................................... 55

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Product data ............................................................ 57 Product information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4

Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance .................................................. 58 General ....................................................................... 58 Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings with metric dimensions............................................ 62 with inch dimensions............................................... 66 with extended inner ring .......................................... 70 Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings ...... 72 General ....................................................................... 72 Bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite ................................ 76 steel/PTFE fabric ..................................................... 78 steel/PTFE composite ............................................ 82 Angular contact spherical plain bearings .................... 86 General ........................................................................ 86 Maintenance-free bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite ............... 90 Spherical plain thrust bearings ..................................... 92 General ........................................................................ 92 Maintenance-free bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite ................ 94 Rod ends requiring maintenance ................................. 96 General ....................................................................... 96 Steel-on-steel rod ends with female thread ...................................................100 with female thread for hydraulic cylinders ..............102 with male thread .....................................................104 with cylindrical section welding shank ....................106 with rectangular section welding shank .................108 Steel-on-bronze rod ends with female thread ...................................................110 with male thread .....................................................112 Maintenance-free rod ends ...........................................114 General ........................................................................114 Maintenance-free rod ends with female thread, steel/sinter bronze composite 118 with male thread, steel/sinter bronze composite ....120 with female thread, steel/PTFE fabric .....................122 with male thread, steel/PTFE fabric ........................124 with female thread, steel/PTFE composite..............126 with male thread, steel/PTFE composite ................128 Special solutions and related products........................130 Plain bearings for road vehicles ..................................130 Plain bearings for rail vehicles ....................................130 Spherical plain bearings and rod ends for airframe applications ..................................................131 Dry sliding bushings and flanged bushings .................132 Dry sliding thrust washers and strip ...........................133

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Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Product data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Angular contact spherical plain bearings . . . . .

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Spherical plain thrust bearings . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Rod ends requiring maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . .

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Maintenance-free rod ends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114

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Special solutions and related products . . . . . . . 130

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SKF – The knowledge engineering company ......... 134

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........ The forces acting on the bearing may be static or may occur when the bearing makes oscillating or recurrent tilting and slewing movements at relatively low speeds.......1 Product information User benefits 2 Recommendations Page . 16 3 Product data Page .. The advantages inherent in the design of spherical plain bearings mean that in practice • errors of alignment or angular misalignment do not influence bearing life • deformation of surrounding components in operation has no effect • edge stresses and excessive stressing of adjacent components do not occur • operational reliability of lightweight constructions is enhanced • reasonably wide manufacturing tolerances allow the use of costfavourable welded constructions Operational reliability is high even when a design is made more compact – edge stresses and overloading do not occur Misalignment is not a problem for spherical plain bearings Fig 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 Spherical plain bearing 1 Outer ring 2 Sliding contact surfaces 3 Seal 4 Inner ring 5 Lubrication hole 6 Lubrication groove 4 ..... 57 Where self-alignment is called for Spherical plain bearings Spherical plain bearings are standardized..... ready-to-mount mechanical components that are self-aligning and enable multi-directional alignment movements to be made... The inner ring has a sphered convex outside diameter and the outer ring a correspondingly sphered but concave inside surface (➔ fig 1 )..

......... 16 3 Product data Page ........... 57 1 Rod ends Rod ends are bearing units that consist of a spherical plain bearing in an eye-shaped head with integral shank: the rod end housing (➔ fig 2 ). They are used primarily on the ends of piston rods or together with hydraulic as well as pneumatic cylinders to join the cylinder to associated components.1 Product information User benefits 2 Recommendations Page ... Deformation in operation does not have influence on bearing life Wide manufacturing tolerances are accommodated = cost-favourable welded constructions Rod end 1 Spherical plain bearing 2 Rod end 2a Rod end housing (eye) 2b Rod end shank 3 Lubrication nipple Fig 2 1 2a 3 2b 2 5 ......

Their prime areas of use are where • heavy static loads and • heavy alternating loads and • high-frequency alignment or oscillating movements occur. 57 When flexibility pays SKF spherical plain bearings and rod ends should be the first choice for total design economy.. • permits extended relubrication intervals and • provides space for wear particles and contaminants to be deposited All in all the system improves lubricant distribution in the heavily loaded zone and thus extends the service life and/or maintenance intervals. or a small maintenance-free rod end – both are available from SKF and offer: • long service life. materials and manufacturing quality have been selected for long service lives and reliability. Easily maintainable sliding contacts for heavy loads SKF steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings have high-strength sliding contact surfaces of carbon chromium (rolling bearing) steel which are phosphated and treated with a special running-in lubricant... well-proven designs SKF spherical plain bearings and rod ends offer the performance to meet application demands. To further enhance lubrication..... 16 3 Product data Page ... Whether a large bearing is required. although requirements are less stringent than for steelon-steel rod ends. as the emergency running properties are better.1 Product information Design features 2 Recommendations Page . The designs. • enlarges the lubricant reservoir in the bearing.. These state-of-theart products are stocked in a wide range of designs... They are also relatively insensitive to contamination and high temperatures.. Their worldwide availability goes without saying – thanks to the global SKF sales organisation. all bearings having an outside diameter of 150 mm and above incorporate the “multi-groove system” in the sliding surface of the outer ring.. Mature.. constant direction loads have a lubricant starvation problem. “Fit and forget” is a philosophy embraced by SKF.. Easy replaceability is also provided as all SKF spherical plain bearings and rod ends are standardized products..... SKF steel-on-bronze rod ends also require maintenance. • simple maintenance and • high operational reliability. These advantages come at a price – in this case the need for maintenance. Some of the advantages are outlined in the following. but also their unparalleled design characteristics. The multi-groove system Standard steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings that have to perform minor alignment movements under very heavy.. The multi-groove system • improves lubricant supply to the loaded zone. 6 Radial spherical plain bearing Angular contact spherical plain bearing Spherical plain thrust bearing Rod end with female thread Rod end with male thread Rod end with welding shank .. lubrication holes and grooves are provided in both the inner and outer rings of all bearings – with the exception of a few small sizes – to facilitate relubrication. It is not just total economy considerations that point to SKF spherical plain bearings and rod ends... Therefore. The SKF multi-groove system is the answer to this. dimension series and sizes. • enables relubrication under load...

.. In the first two combinations. the steel is hard chromium plated.. This makes these bearings more sensitive to alternating or “hammering” loads so that steel-on-steel bearings should be used under such conditions... 2 Recommendations Page ....... or • relubrication is impossible or undesirable... Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings and rod ends are designed for types of duty where • loads are heavy and are of constant direction... The initial higher price is largely compensated by the cost of the maintenance that is avoided. 3 Product data Page . has a price... as also freedom from maintenance.. 16 The self-lubricating dry sliding materials of the maintenance-free sliding contacts are not as strong as steel and consequently deform more under load. As to offer maintenance-free solutions in a large number of applications SKF produces spherical plain bearings and rod ends with different sliding contact surface combinations (partly size-dependent): • steel/sinter bronze composite... long-life sliding contact surfaces All freedom. maintenance-free spherical plain bearings and rod ends require no or very little maintenance.. In this case a one-off cost – the purchase price..1 Product information Design features Maintenance-free. • steel/PTFE fabric and • steel/PTFE composite. or • friction should be low and also constant.. long-life sliding contact surfaces Sinter bronze composite 1 PTFE fabric PTFE composite 7 ... 57 Maintenance-free.. Once installed.

. 57 Choice of materials Bearings of rolling bearing steel for normal conditions and. Sealed bearings provide opportunities to solve many sealing problems simply by using standard bearings.. as there is an optimal choice of five different sliding contact surface combinations and also seals executions are available. SKF maintenancefree stainless steel spherical plain bearings may be preferred. there might be a need for some maintenance. Exhaustive range The SKF range starts with bearings having a 4 mm bore and the rod end range covers almost all normal requirements.. However.. but in difficult environmental conditions. Minimal maintenance Fit and forget applies to most SKF spherical plain bearings and rod ends....... this need is minmal for SKF plain bearings.. SKF spherical plain bearings of through hardened steel are the best choice..1 Product information Design features Free choice of materials There is a free choice of materials.. where heavy loads and difficult environments prevail. The most popular sizes of standard bearings are available with and without seals.. 16 Wide operating temperature range Temperature is not a problem. for difficult environments. With or without seals SKF also provides a choice of seals... 2 Recommendations Page . Please contact the SKF application engineering service for other options.. In most applications. They are maintenance-free.. More information will be found in the following section... The operational reliability of the bearing arrangement will be much enhanced – a benefit for original equipment manufacturers as well as their customers. In some applications.. bearings of stainless steel With or without seals Many sealing problems can be solved economically and in a space-saving manner using sealed bearings that dominate the SKF range +300 –50 Wide permissible operating temperature range Open steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings can operate at temperatures ranging from –50 to +300 °C N N SKF N Minimum maintenance The multi-groove system dramatically extends maintenance intervals for steel-onsteel spherical plain bearings 8 . 3 Product data Page . It is not necessary to be limited or make compromises.... the SKF high-performance seals of the LS design should be considered (➔ page 44).. saving space and above all expense. If environmental conditions are difficult.. The double lip seal integral with the face of the outer ring efficiently protects the sliding contact surfaces from contaminants in normal environments. There is a choie of SKF spherical palin bearings and rod ends for temperatures ranging from –50 to +300 °C.

.. provided quantities permit manufacturing economy.................. 1 9 ..... The design will be specially tailored to meet particular application demands. • Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance • Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings • Angular contact spherical plain bearings • Spherical plain thrust bearings • Steel-on-steel rod ends requiring maintenance • Steel-on-bronze rod ends requiring maintenance • Maintenance-free rod ends If the standard range does not fulfill the requirements. 16 3 Product data Page . Nothing is too much trouble..1 Product information Product overview 2 Recommendations Page ... SKF can produce special bearings. 57 An incomparable range All the products shown here belong to the SKF standard range.

.. ES GEH . TXGR GEC ... SA GAZ ............ ES-2RS GEG .. 57 GE ..... E GE .. TX to order to order to order to order 10 .... ES GE .. ES GEZ . ES GEM . TXE-2LS GE . TXG3E-2LS GE ..1 Product information Product range overview 2 Recommendations Page ... TXE-2RS GEC ... ES GEG . 16 3 Product data Page ... ES-2RS GEZ .. TXA-2RS GEH . TXG3A-2LS GEZ .... CJ2 GE . ES-2RS Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance GE .. ES-2RS GEH . TXA-2LS GE .. SA GX . ES-2RS GE ... TXE-2LS Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings Angular contact spherical plain bearings Spherical plain thrust bearings GAC . F GAC .... C GE ... FS GEH . TX GAC .... ES-2LS GEM .. F GX .. FSA GEP . C GE ........

. F SA(L)KB .... TXE-2LS SA(L) .... TXE-2LS SI(L)A . ES/ES-2RS SI(L)A .... ES SIR ..... ES SI(L)KAC . M 1 Rod ends with threaded shank requiring maintenance Designation suffix C F TX Dry sliding surface SC .1 Product information Product range overview 2 Recommendations Page .......... C SI(L) . 57 SI(L) . embedded in phenolic or epoxy resin For detailed information on these materials. E SI(L) .. TXE-2LS SA(L)A .. M SA(L)KAC . TXE-2LS SI(L)KB .... 16 3 Product data Page ..... ES SIQG .... ES sinter bronze composite PTFE composite PTFE fabric. ES SCF .. see page 72 Identification of maintenance-free sliding materials Rod ends with welding shank requiring maintenance Maintenance-free rod ends with threaded shank SI(L) . ES/ES-2RS SA(L) .... C SA(L) ... F Caption heading 11 ... ES-2RS SIJ ... ES-2RS SA(L)A .. E SA(L) ..

.. What better proof could there be for staying power. Suspended roof SKF steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings have been in service in an unusual. none has been given to these particular bearings. • packaging as well as food and beverage treatment machines.1 Product information Application areas 2 Recommendations Page .... minimum maintenance and a representative product range are strong arguments for SKF spherical plain bearings and rod ends.. As this benefits the user as well as the operator. • hydraulic cylinders.. but world-renowned application for more than 30 years – the roof of the Olympia Stadium in Munich. • mineral processing equipment... 57 Multi-purpose performance Long life. • textile and printing machinery... The roof is constructed of a number of prestressed steel ropes in a network... Application areas where maintenancefree spherical plain bearings and rod ends are used include • conveyors.. robustness and longevity? Nodal point of suspended roof construction 12 .. Typical use of spherical plain bearings and rod ends requiring maintenance are found in • the steel construction industry. • rolling mill equipment and • linkages of all kinds in construction and earth-moving machines and equipment... • fork lift trucks. • switching levers. high reliability. a wide range of applications in almost all sectors of industry has evolved.. 16 3 Product data Page ... SKF spherical plain bearings and rod ends are in use around the world.. barrages and similar installations.. • stabilizers. and last but not least • the many uses in segment gates.. At the torque-free nodal points of the network 225 completely normal SKF steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings having bore diameters ranging from 160 to 300 mm do their duty. • cranes. The nodes are statically loaded but must allow occasional oscillations of the roof construction. Some well-proven applications are shown in the following as examples.. • industrial robots... Although this type of bearing requires maintenance.

... 1 Articulated pendulum joint of a wheel loader 13 ..... 57 previously led to lubricant starvation. 16 Articulated pendulum joint of a wheel loader Three SKF steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings with the multi-groove lubrication system are used for the bearing arrangement of the articulated pendulum joint of this wheel loader......... Neglection of lubrication intervals 3 Product data Page .... Two of the bearings provide the articulation.... Heavy-duty performance at no extra cost provides much extended service lives even with long maintenance intervals.1 Product information Application areas 2 Recommendations Page .. The multi-groove lubrication system of SKF spherical plain bearings improves the transport of lubricant to the loaded zone and also enlarges the lubricant reservoir in the bearing. this has been solved. The third bearing together with a cylindrical sliding bushing in the pendulum joint serves to compensate for uneven ground so that the driven wheels adhere well to the surface.....

... 16 Dam gate 3 Product data Page . they compensate for non-alignment of their seatings. This means that the arrangement is subjected to heavy loads and... calling for immediate on site repairs need to be avoided.... As main bearings.1 Product information Application areas Truck twin-axle supports The purpose of the bearing arrangement of a truck twin-axle support is to provide even load distribution between the two axles on bumpy roads or offhighway. alterations in length as a result of temperature changes. They can withstand all the rigours of truck duty. 2 Recommendations Page .. elastic deformation of the dam gates as well as changes caused by settling of the foundations. SKF bearings not only serve as heavily loaded bearings under static conditions. The bearings are hidden behind the tyres and are difficult to access. A pair of SKF angular contact spherical plain bearings mounted back-toback make sure that such emergencies will not occur.. The reference list is long – over 3 000 applications being included to date.... They cope with the heavy radial loads caused by the water pressure as well as axial loads arising from the inclined position of the support arms. depending on the road/off-highway conditions... 14 ... heavy shock loads and highly frequent alignment movements.. 57 Truck twin-axle support Dam gates Segment gates for dam barrages are the home of largesize SKF maintenance-free spherical plain bearings.. are simple to install and also to maintain... It is evident that any sudden bearing damage...... they also serve in the frequently operated linkage attachments of the lifting and plunger cylinders as well as the flaps.

... In the example shown more than 1 000 SKF maintenancefree spherical plain bearings GEH 10 C are used. It consists of a multitude of links which together provide the flexibility required....g. not only in the printing but also in their transportation. The conveyor system from the printing press to the distribution point is therefore important if the newspapers are to come out on time. They have been in daily service without any maintenance whatsoever for many years now. Hydraulic cylinders (e..... They act as the link between the cylinder and its attachments. 1 Hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders Newspaper conveyor 15 ... 57 Newspaper conveyor Speed is all-important when producing newspapers. Such hydraulic cylinders are found in all types of construction equipment..... 16 For pneumatic cylinders with working pressures up to approximately 1 MPa steel-on-bronze rod ends are mainly used as well as maintenance-free rod ends at the piston rod end and at the other end SKF rod ends with welding shank are employed.. They are able to transmit high mechanical forces.1 Product information Application areas Hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders SKF steel-on-steel and steel-on-bronze rod ends are mainly used in these applications. 3 Product data Page ... to DIN 24336) are often fitted with steel-onsteel rod ends with female thread (compressible) at one end and steelon-steel rod ends with welding shank at the other..... The endless conveyor chain is one such system... 2 Recommendations Page . agricultural machinery. recycling depot presses as well as other heavily loaded manoeuvering equipment... lifting equipment and shutters.

.....1 Product information Page . The basic static load rating must also be considered when bearings are dynamically loaded if they are also subjected to additional heavy shock loads. For spherical plain bearings the basic static load rating represents the maximum load which the bearing can accommodate at room temperature without its performance being impaired as a result of inadmissible deformations. As different manufacturers define load ratings differently.. 57 Selection of bearing size Load ratings There is no standardized method for determining the load ratings of spherical plain bearings and rod ends. The basic static load rating represents a safety factor of at least 1... For rod ends it is the strength of the eye-shaped head of the rod end (housing) at room temperature under a constant load acting in the direction of the shank axis which is the determining factor. Basic dynamic load rating The basic dynamic load rating C is used. The total load in such cases must not exceed the basic static load rating.. It is assumed that the bearing is adequately supported by the associated components of the bearing arrangement.. The basic static load ratings quoted for SKF spherical plain bearings are based on a specific static load factor K0 (➔ Table 4 . Basic static load rating The basic static load rating C0 represents the maximum permissible load that may be applied to a bearing when there is no relative movement of the sliding contact surfaces (➔ fig 2 )..... fracture or damage to the sliding contact surfaces. 4 2 Recommendations Load ratings 3 Product data Page ..2 relative to the yield strength of the material of the rod end head under the above conditions. The basic dynamic load ratings quoted in the product tables are based on the specific load factor K (➔ Table 4 ... Dynamic bearing load Fig 1 Static bearing load Fig 2 Angle of oscillation Fig 3 β 1 3 0 2 4 ϕ ϕ = angle of oscillation = 2 β A complete oscillation is from point 0 to point 4 and =4β 16 ... nor is there any standardized definition. The maximum permissible load in any individual application should always be considered in relation to the desired rating life... In order to fully exploit the static load rating of a spherical plain bearing it is generally necessary to use shafts and housings of high-strength materials...... page 21) and the effective projected sliding surface.. together with other influencing factors.. As a rule it represents the maximum load that a spherical plain bearing or rod end can sustain at room temperature when the sliding contact surfaces are in relative motion (➔ fig 1 ). to determine the basic rating life of spherical plain bearings and rod ends. page 21) and the effective projected sliding surface. it is not possible to compare the load ratings of bearings produced by one manufacturer with those published by another manufacturer.

20 0.. say. These factors are difficult or even impossible to quantify..3 0.20 0. The life is expressed either in operating hours or in the number of oscillating movements (➔ fig 3 )..25 0. 3 Product data Page .1 Product information Page .20 0.... A distinction is made between the 2 Calculation of basic rating life By using the SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue it is possible to perform all the necessary calculations for spherical plain bearing selection at the click of a mouse using the programs incorporated in the catalogue. Criteria for end of service life Table 1 Sliding contact surface combination Increase in bearing clearance mm > 0. It is then only necessary to fill in the fields for the operating data.6 design and size dependent Coefficient of friction µ – 0. 57 Basic rating life Spherical plain bearings belong to the category “dry sliding bearings”. under dynamic loads wear is naturally produced which enlarges the internal clearance. The product data necessary for the calculations is automatically put in by selecting a spherical plain bearing or rod end from the product tables. The basic rating life is a guideline value which will be attained or exceeded by the majority of a large number of apparently identical bearings under the same test conditions.... The service life achieved by identical bearings has been found to differ.. load and movement cycles of high frequency. These include not only the magnitude and type of load but also other factors such as contamination. The SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue is available on CD-ROM or online at www.. and shock loads. corrosion..004 dk 0....skf...25 – Steel-on-steel Steel-on-bronze Steel/sinter bronze composite constant direction load alternating direction load Steel/PTFE fabric constant direction load alternating direction load Steel/PTFE composite 17 ...com..20 0.. no lubricant film can form to fully separate the sliding surfaces.. hydrodynamic plain bearings. In contrast to..20 0.004 dk > 0.2 0...4 0. The service life of a spherical plain bearing or rod end represents the operating period under test conditions which is ended when one of the criteria listed in Table 1 for the end of service life is reached.... as the service life depends on the actual operating conditions. 4 2 Recommendations Basic rating life basic rating life and the service life actually achieved. Therefore.

..... Equivalent dynamic bearing load If the load acting on • radial and angular contact spherical plain bearings is purely radial • spherical plain thrust bearings is purely axial • rod ends is purely radial and also in the direction of the shank axis and is of constant magnitude. In all other cases it is necessary to calculate the equivalent dynamic bearing load P.. Axial load Fig 5 Combined load Fig 6 Constant direction load Fig 7 Alternating direction load Fig 8 18 ... i... then the procedure given under “Variable load and sliding velocity” (➔ page 30) should be followed. then the load can be directly inserted in the equation for the specific bearing load p (➔ page 21). 4 2 Recommendations Load 3 Product data Page .. change direction so that loaded zones at opposite positions in the bearing are continuously loaded and unloaded • the type of load – dynamic load is when sliding movement takes place in the loaded bearing – static load is when no movement takes place in the loaded bearing.......e. the direction in which the load is applied does not change and the same part of the bearing (loaded zone) is always subjected to the load – alternating loads (➔ fig 8 )...1 Product information Page ... If the load is not of constant magnitude. a distinction is made between: • load direction – radial loads (➔ fig 4 ) – axial loads (➔ fig 5 ) – combined (axial and radial) loads (➔ fig 6 ) • the way in which the load acts – loads of constant direction (➔ fig 7 )...... 57 Radial load Fig 4 Load When considering load...

kN y = a factor that depends on the ratio of the axial to the radial load Fa/Fr (➔ Diagram 3 ) Angular contact Fig 9 3 Product data Page .15 0.25 2 1.....5 2.. kN Fr = radial component of the load.. a spherical plain thrust bearing should be used instead.5 1.4 Series GEP . 4 Radial spherical plain bearings Radial spherical plain bearings can accommodate a certain amount of axial load Fa in addition to the simultaneously acting radial load Fr (➔ fig 6 ).. the radial load must not exceed 50 % of the simultanSpherical plain eously acting axial thrust bearing load (➔ fig 10 ).. or SKF should be contacted y y If Fa/Fr > 2....2 0. However.. kN Fa = axial component of the load.5 1 1. FS Other series Factor y for angular contact spherical plain bearings Diagram 3 2. or SKF should be contacted 19 .bearing under namic bearing combined load load. then 2 P = y Fa where P = equivalent dynamic bearing load..5 2 1.25 1 0 0. under combined When the resultant load load is constant in magnitude.75 1.5 1. kN y = a factor depending on the ratio of the radial to the axial load Fr/Fa (➔ Diagram 4 ) Diagram 1 3 y 2..1 0.1 0.2 0.3 Fa Fr 0.. then P = y Fr where spherical plain P = equivalent dy.5 If Fr/Fa > 0.25 1 0 0.25 Factor y for radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance Factor y for maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings Diagram 2 2. kN y = a factor that depends on the ratio of the axial to the radial load Fa/Fr – for bearings requiring maintenance (➔ Diagram 1 ) – for maintenance-free bearings (➔ Diagram 2 ) 2 Recommendations Load Angular contact spherical plain bearings When the resultant load (➔ fig 9 ) is constant in magnitude.75 1.25 2 1...1 Product information Page . the equivalent dynamic bearing load can be obtained from P = y Fr where P = equivalent dynamic bearing load.5..05 0.5 1.4 Fr Fa 0.. When the resultant load is constant in magnitude...5 1 0 0. kN Fr = radial component of the load.1 0..5 Fa Fr 2 Factor y for spherical plain thrust bearings Diagram 4 2 y 1..75 1.25 1 0 0. 57 Fig 10 Spherical plain thrust bearings Spherical plain thrust bearings can carry a radial load Fr in addition to the axial load Fa..... an angular contact spherical plain bearing should be used instead.3 0.5 2..2 Fa Fr 0..

.35) The values in brackets apply to rod ends with lubrication hole or nipple 20 . page 19) – for angular contact spherical plain bearings (➔ Diagram 3 ... This can be done in a similar way to the calculation of the equivalent dynamic bearing load. then the permissible load is not limited by wear. page 24) • for maintenance-free rod ends with the sliding contact surface combination – steel/sinter bronze composite (➔ Diagram 16 . If loads act at right angles to the shank axis (➔ fig 11 ). When checking. kN = static load rating... but by the strength of the sliding contact layer or the strength of the rod end housing. kN Fa = the axial component of the load...1 Product information Page . page 26) – steel/PTFE fabric (➔ Diagram 17 .. consideration should also be paid to the rod end head (housing) material which differs depending on design and size. then an equivalent static bearing load must be calculated..... the maximum permissible load will be reduced as additional bending stresses occur in the shank..5 (0. + Fr – Fr 0. kN Fr = the radial component of the load. The load directed at an angle or axially to the rod end (to the direction of the shank axis) should never exceed the value of 0.. kN y = a factor which depends on the ratio Fa/Fr – for radial bearings requiring maintenance (➔ Diagram 1 .. page 19) and on the ratio Fr/Fa – for spherical plain thrust bearings (➔ Diagram 4 .35) Alternating direction. for radial and angular contact spherical plain bearings using P0 = y Fr and for spherical plain thrust bearings using P0 = y Fa where P0 = equivalent static bearing load..5 (0.. 4 2 Recommendations Load 3 Product data Page .... page 27) – steel PTFE composite (➔ Diagram 19 . kN C0 = temperature factor b2 • for rod ends requiring maintenance (➔ Table 5 ... The maximum permissible load for a rod end in the direction of the shank axis can be calculated from Pperm = C0 b2 b6 where Pperm = maximum permissible load.1 C0.. If the actual load is a combined radial and axial load. 57 Fig 11 Equivalent static bearing load If spherical plain bearings and rod ends are subjected to load when stationary or making only slight alignment movements. If heavier loads are involved then a larger rod end should be chosen.. page 19) Permissible loads for rod ends Rod ends are primarily intended for the support of radial loads acting in the direction of the shank axis... page 29) = factor for the type of load b6 (➔ Table 2 ) Rod end under combined load Factor b6 for rod end load type Table 2 Type of load (magnitude and direction) Constant + Fr Factor b6 1 Pulsating magnitude (single direction) + Fr 0. page 19) – for maintenance-free radial bearings (➔ Diagram 2 ...

. F GEP ... FSA Rod ends Load ratio C/P Specific load factors Table 4 Sliding contact surface combination Specific load factors dyn..73 × 10–6 dm ––– t 50 50 80 80 50 80 80 120 120 80 Guideline values for C/P Table 3 Spherical plain bearings/rod ends with sliding contact surface combination Steel-on-steel Steel-on-bronze Steel/sinter bronze composite Steel/PTFE fabric Steel/glass fibre reinforced plastic GAC .. kN C = basic dynamic load rating. on the other hand. mm dm = dk for radial spherical plain bearings dm = 0. page 16).... The specific bearing load p and the sliding velocity v needed to perform this check can be calculated as explained in the following sections...9 dk for angular contact spherical plain bearings dm = 0. the first check shows the pv range is exceeded.. s 21 . As a first approximation the guideline values of the load ratio C/P given in Table 3 can be used to obtain the requisite basic dynamic load rating C. a larger bearing or rod end should be chosen and the calculation repeated. This is dependent on the type of machine. it is necessary to know the basic rating life required for the particular application. It should then be checked whether the chosen size can be used under the actual load and sliding velocity conditions using the appropriate diagram for the sliding contact surface combination from those shown on pages 22 and 23 (Diagrams 5 to 10 inclusive). F GEP ... degrees For rotation β = 90° f = frequency of oscillation.. FS GEC .6 Steel-on-bronze 2 Steel/sinter bronze composite 1. N/mm2 P = equivalent dynamic bearing load. it is found that the bearing or rod end can be used.. 4 2 Recommendations Selection of bearing size is calculated.... m/s When operation is intermittent (not continuous) the mean sliding velocity should be calculated for a cycle of operation dm = mean diameter of inner ring or shaft washer... A suitable bearing or rod end can then be selected from the product tables. 57 Requisite bearing size When determining the requisite size of bearing (or rod end).. F GX . F GX .. If. degrees t = time taken to pass through 2 β (= whole angle of oscillation).82 × 10–7 dm β f where v = mean sliding velocity..6 1. The bearing (or rod end) size is often dictated to a greater or lesser degree by the dimensions of the associated components.25 1. having checked the pv diagram..25 Steel/PTFE fabric Steel/glass fibre reinforced plastic GAC ..1 Product information Page . If the calculated rating life is shorter than the requisite rating life. FSA Rod ends Steel-on-steel Metric sizes Inch sizes 100 100 50 100 300 500 300 80 250 500 where β = half the angle of oscillation. min–1. In this case the mean sliding velocity can be calculated using 2β v = 8.. kN 2 Mean sliding velocity The mean sliding velocity for constant movement can be obtained from v = 5.. FS GEC .25 1. In such cases the pv diagram should be consulted first to check that the product can be used.6 1. the angle of oscillation is usually given per unit time. a bearing having higher load carrying capacity should be chosen. N/mm2 K = a specific load factor depending on the basic dynamic load rating (➔ Table 4 ).... 3 Product data Page .. the operating conditions and the demands regarding operational reliability.... r/min For intermittent movement. then the basic rating life Specific bearing load The magnitude of the specific bearing load can be determined using P p = K –– C where p = specific bearing load.. or rotational speed. If.7 dk for spherical plain thrust bearings β = half the angle of oscillation (➔ fig 3 . K K0 N/mm2 – 2 2 1.. stat.

02 0. before using the rating life equation. please contact SKF IV Extended range where rating life equation is valid provided the load is exclusively alternating 200 p N/mm2 100 50 20 10 II I III 5 0.0001 0.05 0.1 0.. with very good lubrication.05 0.01 0...005 0.....002 I III 0.02 0.001 0.2 0......0001 0...001 0.. e.001 0.5 Diagram 7 pv diagram for sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite See Note 2 for explanation of operating ranges Note 1 pv operating ranges I Range where rating life equation is valid II Quasi-static range....2 v m/s 0..1 0.1 0.002 0.0001 0.5 1.. before using the rating life equation...02 0....0 v m/s 22 .01 0. please contact SKF III Possible range of use.01 0.005 0.05 0.. 57 pv diagram for sliding contact surface combination steel-on-steel See Note 1 for explanation of operating ranges 200 p N/mm2 100 IV 50 20 II 10 5 I III 2 1 0..005 0.1 Product information Page .5 v m/s Diagram 6 pv diagram for sliding contact surface combination steel-on-bronze See Note 1 for explanation of operating ranges 100 p N/mm2 50 20 10 5 II 2 1 0.2 0.002 0... 2 Recommendations Selection of bearing size Diagram 5 3 Product data Page ..g...

0001 0.... rating life equation has limited validity.1 0.0001 0. please contact SKF 100 p N/mm2 50 Diagram 10 III 20 II 10 I 5 0..02 0. FS and FSA designs See Note 2 for explanation of operating ranges p 120 N/mm2 100 50 Diagram 9 III 20 10 II I 5 0....002 0..001 0..002 0.01 0.001 0.05 0..05 0..001 0..005 0.01 0.0001 0.1 Product information Page .05 0.2 v m/s pv diagram for sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite.. before using the rating life equation.. 57 Diagram 8 500 p N/mm2 200 100 50 2 20 10 II I III 5 0..1 0... e.1 0....g.02 0...02 0...2 v m/s 0. with very good heat removal.01 0.5 pv diagram for sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite....2 v m/s 23 .. pv diagram for sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric See Note 2 for explanation of operating ranges 2 Recommendations Selection of bearing size 3 Product data Page .005 0.... see under “Basic rating life” starting on page 24 III Possible range of use. F design See Note 2 for explanation of operating ranges Note 2 pv operating ranges I Range where rating life equation is valid II Quasi-static range.005 0.002 0..

” fH = factor depending on frequency of relubrication (➔ Diagram 15 ) p = specific bearing load.. then the relubrication interval N (➔ Diagram 15 ) should be shortened.9 0...1 Product information Page ..02 0... see also under “NB.. b1 = 1 for constant direction load b1 = 2 for alternating direction load b2 = temperature factor (➔ Table 5 ) b3 = sliding factor (➔ Diagram 11 ) b4 = velocity factor (➔ Diagram 12 ) b5 = factor for angle of oscillation (➔ Diagram 13 ).5 v and when the product is regularly relubricated thereafter GhN = Gh fβ fH or The following temperature limits must also be respected 80 °C For bearings of series GEZ . N/mm2 (for values of p < 10 N/mm2 use p = 10 N/mm2) v = mean sliding velocity.. 57 Basic rating life Sliding contact surface combinations requiring maintenance: steel-on-steel and steel-onbronze For the initial lubrication 330 Gh = b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 ––––– p2...8 Please contact SKF 3 Product data Page ....005 0... m/s If the basic rating life requirement is not met.01 0. operating hours GhN = basic rating life with regular relubrication. 4 Temperature factor b2 Operating temperature over incl... or a larger bearing or rod end should be chosen..05 v m/s 0.... ES-2RS (polyurethane seals) 130 °C For all other sealed bearings (polyester elastomer seals) 120 °C Upper temperature limit for standard grease Sliding factor b3 Diagram 11 GN = 60 f GhN where Gh = rating life for the initial lubrication.. 5 b3 2 1 10 20 50 100 200 d k mm 500 Velocity factor b4 Diagram 12 15 b4 10 Steel-on-bronze Steel-on-steel 5 2 1 0..0 0. number of oscillations b1 = load direction factor. operating hours GN = basic rating life with regular relubrication. see also under “NB...002 0..1 24 . °C – 120 160 180 120 160 180 – 2 Recommendations Basic rating life Table 5 Temperature factor b2 – 1.. min–1 fβ = factor depending on the angle of oscillation (➔ Diagram 14 )..” f = frequency of oscillation...

..... H = Gh/N. SKF steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings having an outside diameter of 150 mm and above are produced as standard with the multi-groove feature in the outer ring (➔ page 6)............ if H < 5. These advantages are considered in the calculation of the basic rating life by the coloured regions in Diagrams 13 and 14 for the factors for the angle of oscillation b5 and fβ. the value of b5 for ß = 5° should be used Diagram 14 6 fβ 5 Multiplication factor fβ 4 I 3 NB.... and enables the relubrication interval to be extended. i... 2 1 5 10 15 β° 20 If β < 5°.1 Product information Page . the values indicated by the broken line can be used 50 25 . 4 2 Recommendations Basic rating life 3 Product data Page ... half the value of fβ for β = 5° should be used Diagram 15 6 fH 5 Relubrication factor fH 4 3 2 1 0 1 10 20 30 40 H The frequency of relubrication H is defined as the ratio of the basic rating life Gh to the relubrication interval N (in h).e. particularly where the load is of constant direction. Values of these two factors up to the upper limit of the coloured area may be used for bearings with the multi-groove system.. 57 Diagram 13 Angle of oscillation factor b5 10 b5 5 2 I 2 1 5 10 20 β° 45 If ß < 5°. The extra large grease reservoir in the bearing made possible by the multi-groove system is advantageous. and also the service life.....

.....4 0... operating hours b1 = load direction factor (➔ Table 6 ) b2 = temperature factor (➔ Diagram 16 ) f = frequency of oscillation. number of oscillations Gh = basic rating life.8 0...5 Hz 0. However. m/s 1. N/mm2 v = mean sliding velocity... 26 . min–1 p = specific bearing load. oscillating frequencies above 300 min–1 and very short sliding distances..5 up to 5 Hz 0....4 over 0. damp or moisture and corrosion increases in importance the longer the life so that deviations from the calculated life occur and in many cases the calculated life will not be attained...3 v or G = 60 f Gh – Constant load2) Single direction 1 – Variable load Alternating direction or pulsating magnitude at a frequency up 0..6 0.... the equations will give relatively long service lives.. the influence of environmental factors such as contamination. Under very light loads and/or low sliding velocities. 57 Type of load Factor b1 – Permissible specific bearing load1) N/mm2 Maintenance-free sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite 1 400 Gh = b1 b2 ––––– p1...2 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 t °C NB.2 40 to 60 25 to 40 1) 2) Inertia forces should also be taken into consideration For constant load..1 Product information Page .0 b2 0. Calculation of the rating life considers the influence of the load and sliding velocity... 4 Load direction factor b1 for sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite 2 Recommendations Basic rating life Table 6 3 Product data Page . please contact SKF for guidance Temperature factor b2 for sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite Diagram 16 where G = basic rating life. b1 = 1 can no longer be used because of possible material fatigue..

.. 57 Table 7 Load direction factor b1 for sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric Maintenance-free sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric Kp Gh = b1 b2 b4 ––––– pn v where Gh = basic rating life.1 Product information Page . the equations will give relatively long service lives.0 b2 0... m/s Type of load Specific load factor b1 – Constant.. – 25 25 90 90 300 Constant Kp – 770 4 000 40 000 0... However. single direction Varying loads (alternating.55 0..1 Diagram 17 1.5 Hz over 0..7 1... Under very light loads and/or low sliding velocities. the influence of environmental factors such as contamination. operating hours b1 = load direction factor (➔ Table 7 ) b2 = temperature factor (➔ Diagram 17 ) b4 = velocity factor (➔ Diagram 18 .35 0. pulsating) at load frequencies up to 0.. N/mm2 Kp = a constant for the specific bearing load (➔ Table 8 ) n = an exponent for the specific bearing load (➔ Table 8 ) v = mean sliding velocity. 4 2 Recommendations Basic rating life 3 Product data Page ..4 0.......2 Temperature factor b2 for sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 t °C Table 8 Specific bearing load over N/mm2 incl..15 0..2 0.8 0... damp or moisture and corrosion increases in importance the longer the life so that deviations from the calculated life occur and in many cases the calculated life will not be attained... Calculation of the rating life considers the influence of the load and sliding velocity.6 0..5 to 1 Hz over 1 to 5 HZ N/mm2 – 2 up to 300 1 up to 50 50 to 100 up to 50 50 to 100 up to 50 0...4 0. 27 .2 Exponent n Constant Kp and exponent n for sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric NB. page 28) p = specific bearing load.

25 0.001 0.3 0.8 0.9 0...5 0.4 0.. 4 Velocity factor b4 2 Recommendations Basic rating life 3 Product data Page .05 0....01 0..00 0..1 0.10 0.15 0.05 0....0 5* N/mm 2 0..005 0....2 0..005 0..50 0...45 0.....40 0.. 57 Diagram 18 b4 1.1 0.1 Product information Page .05 0...35 0.30 0.6 0..001 100* 120* 140* 160* 180* 200* 220* 240* 260* 280* 300* 0.1 v. m/s 1 40* 60* 80* 100* 20* b4 0.7 0..01 0. m/s *) Specific bearing load 28 .20 0.5 v.0 0.

4 0. damp or moisture and corrosion increases in importance the longer the life so that deviations from the calculated life occur and in many cases the calculated life will not be attained. Under very light loads and/or low sliding velocities... oscillating frequencies above 300 min–1 and very short sliding distances..8 0.15 1.5 up to 5 Hz 0.... b1 = 1 can no longer be used because of possible material fatigue......25 over 0.5 1 1. 2..0 b2 0. 1. the equations will give relatively long service lives. FS GEC . However.35 1 1... see under “Lubrication and maintenance”... Table 10 Bearing type Series Bore diameter d Nominal over incl.2 Temperature factor b2 for sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite 0 20 40 60 80 100 t °C NB. the influence of environmental factors such as contamination.. N/mm2 v = mean sliding velocity. F – 60 Thrust bearings GX ..1 25 to 40 15 to 25 1) 2) Inertia forces should also be taken into consideration.. number of oscillations Gh = basic rating life.. F Rod ends – 60 1) For preloaded bearings which cannot be re-adjusted..5 Hz 0.1 Product information Page . Calculation of the rating life considers the influence of the load and sliding velocity... mm Sliding Constant factor b3 KM – – Sliding factor b3 and constant KM for sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite – Radial bearings GEP .5 1 1 055 1 055 1 055 1 055 1 055 480 480 670 670 530 Angular contact bearings1) GAC . 4 2 Recommendations Basic rating life 3 Product data Page . For constant load. please contact SKF for guidance Diagram 19 1. 57 Table 9 Load direction factor b1 for sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite Maintenance-free sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite KM Gh = b1 b2 b3 ––– pv or G = 60 f Gh where G = basic rating life...... FSA – 180 440 – 440 180 440 – 440 – 60 – 60 – 1 1.. operating hours b1 = load direction factor (➔ Table 9 ) b2 = temperature factor (➔ Diagram 19 ) b3 = sliding factor (➔ Table 10 ) KM = material constant (➔ Table 10 ) f = frequency of oscillation...The basic rating life calculated using the above equation can be doubled by initial lubrication together with occasional relubrication. m/s Type of load Factor b1 – Permissible specific bearing load1) N/mm2 – Constant load2) Single direction 2 1 – Variable load Alternating direction or pulsating magnitude at a frequency up to 0.6 0.. min–1 p = specific bearing load. b3 always = 1 29 .15 1 1.

... when the load and sliding velocity are not constant (b) in fig 12 ........skf. during operation.... 57 Variable load and sliding velocity If.com... before the basic rating life can be calculated. Alternating load and variable sliding velocity Fig 12 p1 v p v1 p2 v2 p3 v3 t1 a t2 T t3 p4 v4 t4 t t1 b v p p1 v2 v1 p2 p3 t2 T t3 t v3 30 .. h T = total duration of one cycle (= t1 + t2 + t3 + …). operating hours 3 Product data Page .. p2 and v2 etc. pertain.1 Product information Page . Using the SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue which incorporates programs to do these and many other calculations.. the total basic rating life can be calculated using the following equation Calculation examples The calculation examples shown in the following serve to illustrate the methods used to calculate the requisite bearing size or the basic rating life for spherical plain bearings and rod ends. However.. When this has been done. the load and/or the sliding velocity change it is first necessary to calculate individual rating lives for the periods of constant load and sliding velocity. t2 …= time during which p1 and v1. 4 2 Recommendations Basic rating life Calculation examples 1 Gh = ––––––––––––––––––––––– t1 t2 t3 ––––– + ––––– + ––––– +… T Gh1 T Gh2 T Gh3 where = total basic rating life. operatGh ing hours t1..... The SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue is available on CD-ROM or online at www. If the load and sliding velocity occur as shown by (a) in fig 12 the individual basic rating life can be calculated using the constant values of p and v. h Gh1 … = individual values of rating life for conditions p1 and v1.. results will be obtained quickly and accurately. Additionally. the programs can be run any number of times to enable the best possible solution to be obtained. it is first necessary to calculate the basic rating life for the individual time periods using mean values of the load and the sliding velocity for the individual time periods...... p2 and v2 etc.

2 × 1. The intention is to relubricate the bearing after each 40 hours of operation.0025 m/s) b5 = 3.5 25 × 0.5 mm is chosen... the values that apply are As this life is shorter than the required rating life of 7 000 h.. page 25. 57 Bearing GE 25 ES having C = 48 kN and dk = 35. for v = 0.. b2 = 1. for steel-onsteel spherical plain bearings. for the first check.. To calculate the basic rating life for initial lubrication. If. page 16) Frequency of oscillation: f = 10 min–1 maximum operating temperature: +80 °C Requirement: A bearing which has a basic rating life of 7 000 h.5 × 15 × 10 = 0. a guideline value of 2 is used for the load ratio C/P (➔ Table 3 .8 lie within the permissible operating range I of the pv diagram 6 .. for dk = 35. page 24) b3 = 1.82 × 10–7 × 29 × 15 × 10 = 0. page 25) and fH = 3. the required basic dynamic load rating C for the bearing is C = 2 P = 24 kN Bearing GE 20 ES having C = 30 kN and a sphere diameter dk = 29 mm is chosen from the product table.. a steel-onsteel spherical plain bearing is the appropriate choice..3 (from Diagram 12 ... 2 b1 = 2 (alternating direction load) b2 = 1 (operating temperature <120 °C from Table 5 ....0031 m/s) Therefore. page 25) fH = 1.82 × 10–7 × 35.82 × 10–7 dm β f = 5.. b5 = 3..1×1. page 21).6 × 1.3 × 3.5 (from Diagram 11 ..7 (from Diagram 13 . a larger bearing must be chosen and the calculations repeated..1 (from Diagram 15 .2 (from Diagram 14 ..7 × –––––––––––– 2.0025 ≈ 160 operating hours The basic rating life of the bearing which is to be relubricated regularly can now be calculated using fß = 5. page 62. 31 . β = 15° and f = 10 min–1 v = 5. for dk = 29 mm) b4 = 1..1 (from Diagram 12 .. page 25.0031 ≈ 520 h With fβ = 5.7× ––––––––––––– 2. the basic rating life for initial lubrication 330 Gh = 2 × 1 × 1. page 24.. page 24.0025 m/s ≈ 1 500 operating hours These values for p and v lie within the permissible operating range I of the pv diagram 5 ..5 mm) b4 = 1.0031 m/s Example 1 The torque support of a concrete transporter Given: Purely radial load (alternating direction): Fr = 12 kN Half angle of oscillation: β = 15° (➔ fig 3 .. page 22. As before b1 = 2.. for β = 15°) p = 40 N/mm2 v = 0. To be able to check the suitability of the bearing using the pv diagram 5 . page 24.1 ≈ 8 300 operating hours This larger bearing thus satisfies the rating life requirement.. page 21 P 12 p = K –– = 100 × ––– = 40 N/mm2 C 30 and the sliding velocity v using dm = dk = 29 mm.5 v 330 = 2×1×1.1×3. it is first necessary to calculate the specific bearing load using K = 100 from Table 4 .7 and now b3 = 1. As the load is alternating..1 Product information Page . for v = 0. page 24.6 (from Diagram 11 ..5 40 × 0. for a relubrication frequency H = Gh/N = 160/40 = 4 with the relubrication interval of 40 h) GhN = Gh fβ fH = 160 × 5..8 (from Diagram 15 . page 22. 4 2 Recommendations Calculation examples 3 Product data Page . page 25 for H = 520/40 = 13) the basic rating life for regular relubrication (N = 40 h) becomes GhN = 520 × 5. The values for the specific bearing load 12 p = 100 × ––– = 25 N/mm2 48 and the sliding velocity v = 5.0025 m/s Therefore 330 Gh = b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 ––––– p2.2 × 3. page 22.2 (from Diagram 14 .

82 × 10–7 dm β f = 5..2 (from Table 6 .. page 16) Frequency of oscillation: f = 15 min–1 Load frequency: 2–5 Hz Maximum operating temperature: +75 °C Required: A bearing which will have a basic rating life corresponding to a driven distance of 100 000 km at an average speed of 65 km/h without maintenance.1 which gives factor y = 1... Complete cycle duration is 4β (➔ pages 16 and 21). page 22. Using a guideline value for the load ratio C/P = 2 (➔ Table 3 ... page 26. 57 Example 2 The attachment of a shock absorber of an off-highway vehicle Given: Radial load: Fr = 7 kN Axial load: Fa = 0.. Required: A maintenance-free spherical plain bearing with the sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric for a rating life of 5 years for 70 h of operation per week.... Example 3 The 320-bar hydraulic cylinder of a fully automatic press for building industry waste Given: Radial load (constant direction): Time Operation Load.4 × 7 = 9.7/7 = 0. for temperatures < 80 °C) the basic rating life for bearing GE 20 C with the sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite is 1 400 Gh = b1 b2 –––––– p1. page 26.5 kN and the sphere diameter dk = 29 mm.. and the movement between the end positions (90°) is made in 10 seconds.. the basic dynamic load rating C = 31.3 v 1 400 = 0. the time t as the time taken to pass through 2β in seconds..002 m/s so that this lies in the permissible operating range I of the pv diagram. page 78.4 from Diagram 2 . shows that the values for the specific bearing load (K = 100 from Table 4 ..7 kN Half angle of oscillation: β = 8° (fig 3 . The sliding velocity is the same for all three cases.2 × 1 × ––––––––––– 1.0063 m/s 32 . Fr case period... For design reasons.. From the bearing table. t I 300 kN 10 % II 180 kN 40 % III 120 kN 50 % The number of press cycles n = 30 per hour. for a load frequency over 0.. The equivalent dynamic bearing load is thus P = y Fr = 1.3 31 × 0. spherical plain bearing GE 20 C with the sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite is proposed.. The angle of oscillation is specified as 2β. page 76. 4 2 Recommendations Calculation examples 3 Product data Page ..8 p = K –– = 100 × ––––– = 31 N/mm2 C 31..8 kN A first check of bearing size using the pv diagram 7 .. page 21)....73 × 10–6 × 80 × ––– 10 = 0.73 × 10–6 × dm ––– t 90 = 8.1 Product information Page .5 Hz and 25 < p < 40 N/mm2) b2 = 1 (from Diagram 16 ..5 and the sliding velocity (dm = dk = 29 mm) v = 5. First the equivalent dynamic bearing load must be determined Fa/Fr = 0. Using b1 = 0.002 ≈ 1 600 h This basic rating life corresponds to a distance (at an average speed of 65 km/h) of 1 600 × 65 = 104 000 km. page 19..82 × 10–7 × 29 × 8 × 15 = 0. The operating temperature is less than +50 °C. bearing GE 60 TXE-2LS has a basic dynamic load rating C = 695 kN and a sphere diameter dk = dm = 80 mm is chosen (➔ page 21).. 2β v = 8. First it is necessary to check that the operation cases I to III fall within the permissible range of the pv diagram 8 . and with P = FrI the required basic dynamic load rating C = 2 P = 2 × 300 = 600 kN From the product table. page 21) P 9. page 23.

0063 ≈ 14 477 h for case III 4 000 GhIII = 1 × 1 × 0.2 n2 = 0. page 27.. with the equation for TX bearings first: kp Gh = b1 b2 b4 –––– pn v The parameters b1. 30 cycles/hour and assumed 50 weeks per year... to 525 000 cycles or 2 920 h... 57 The required 5 years of rating life leads with the mentioned 70 h/week.... (Note that time for a complete cycle is 20 s. tII etc.5 N/mm2 C 695 for case II P 180 pII = K –– = 300 × –––– ≈ 77..51. 4 2 Recommendations Calculation examples b4 = (from Diagram 18 . the percentages given in the operating data are inserted and for T = tI + tII + tIII = 100 %. page 27) Kp I = 40 000 Kp II = 4 000 Kp III = 4 000 n = (from Table 8 .. using K = 300 from Table 4 ... page 23.. kp and n are defined on page 27 and are as below b1 = 1 (from Table 7 . pIII and v are within the permissible range I of the pv diagram 8 ...8 N/mm2 C 695 The values for pI.0063 ≈ 5 746 h for case II 4 000 GhII = 1 × 1 × 0.7 51.31 × ––––––––––––––– 129. b4..7 n3 = 0..1 Product information Page . Req = 5 × 70 × 30 × 50 = 525 000 cycles Gh. page 28) b4 I = 0. page 21.48 b4 III = 0.2 × 0. 1 Gh = –––––––––––––––––––––––––––––––– 10 40 50 –––––––– + ––––––––– + ––––––––– 100×5 746 100×14 477 100×22 833 ≈ 14 940 h 33 ..57 × ––––––––––––––– 0...70. the total basic rating life for continuous operation is (➔ page 30) 1 –––––––––––––––––––––– tI tII tIII ––––– + ––––– + ––––– T GhI T GhII T GhIII Gh = For tI. p = K(P/C)..7 × 0.0063 ≈ 22 833 h Using the calculated basic rating lives of the three operation cases.... pII.31 b4 II = 0. Req = (525 000 × 20)/3 600 = 2 916 h The specific bearing load.. operating temperature < +50 °C) 40 000 GhI = 1 × 1 × 0.. b2..) 2 GN.8 × 0.48 × ––––––––––––––– 77.7 for case I 3 Product data Page . is for case I P 300 pI = K –– = 300 × –––– ≈ 129.7 N/mm2 C 695 for case III P 120 pIII = K –– = 300 × –––– ≈ 51. page 27. page 27) n1 = 1..57 Kp = (from Table 8 . constant load) b2 = 1 (from Diagram 17 . To make the lifetime estimation for variable loads and/or sliding velocities the calculation of each load case has to be made separately.

0048 ≈ 180 operating hours The following values of the factors are used to determine the basic rating life for initial lubrication: b1 = 2 (alternating load) b2 = 1 (for operating temperatures < 120 °C.35 = 13. page 16) Frequency of oscillation: f = 25 min–1 Operating temperature: ≈ +70 °C Required: A rod end that will provide a basic rating life of 9 000 hours under conditions of alternating load.5 kN and the sphere diameter dk = 22 mm. Rod end SI 20 ES.. and as P = Fr..5 p = K –– = 100 × –––– = 32 N/mm2 C 17 and the mean sliding velocity (dm = dk = 22 mm) v = 5. for β = 15°) p = 32 N/mm2 v = 0. page 24.. Checking the permissible load on the rod end housing C0 = 37. The values for the specific bearing load 5.7 (from Diagram 15 .5 32 × 0. as before b1 = 2.82×10–7 ×29×15×25 = 0.2 × 3.0063 ≈ 710 operating hours With fβ = 5.5) GhN = Gh fβ fH = 180 × 5. 4 2 Recommendations Calculation examples 3 Product data Page . C0 = 57 kN and dk = 29 mm is selected and the calculation repeated.7 The basic rating life for regular relubrication (N = 40 h) with fβ = 5.6 (from Diagram 12 .8 × 3.7 (from Diagram 13 .6×3.. page 25..5 × 0. page 25.. page 24... b2 = 1 and b5 = 3. for temperatures < 120 °C) b6 = 0. a steel-onsteel rod end is appropriate..8 (from Diagram 12 .4 (from Diagram 11 .. It is not necessary to check the permissible rod end housing load since the basic static load rating of the larger rod end is higher. Using the guideline value for the load ratio C/P = 2 from Table 3 . page 20. for dk = 22 mm) b4 = 1. page 24..0048 m/s) b5 = 3. page 22.... page 25) and fH = 3.4 × 1.35 (from Table 2 .7× –––––––––––– 2..0048 m/s p and v both lie within the permissible range I of the pv diagram 5 . page 25) and ≈ 13 600 operating hours Thus the larger rod end meets the rating life requirements. with C = 30 kN.. page 25.82 × 10–7 dk β f = 5.2 (from Diagram 14 ..2 × 2 ≈ 1 900 operating hours Example 4 The linkages of a conveyor installation Given: Radial load of alternating direction: Fr = 5.7 × ––––––––––– 182. the requisite basic dynamic load rating will be C = 2 P = 2 × 5. page 21) P 5. and with K = 100 (from Table 4 .. page 24. for H = Gh/N = 180/40 = 4. Pperm = C0 b2 b6 = 37. page 24) b3 = 1. for H = 710/40 ≈ 18) the basic rating life for regular relubrication (N = 40 h) becomes GhN = 710 × 5. As the load is alternating.5 × 1 × 0. for v = 0. 57 fH = 2 (from Diagram 15 .. The rod end SI 15 ES with a basic dynamic load rating C = 17 kN is selected (page 100). and it is to be relubricated after every 40 hours of operation. page 24.82 × 10–7 × 22 × 15 × 25 = 0....5 v 330 = 2×1×1.1 Product information Page .0063 m/s both lie within the permissible range I.. so that a larger one has to be used.5 kN b2 = 1 (from Table 5 .. page 22. for dk = 29 mm) b4 = 1. for v = 0. The first check of size is made using the pv diagram 5 . Also.7 whilst b3 = 1..2 (from Diagram 14 .3×1.. The basic static load rating C0 = 37. for rod ends with lubrication hole) 34 330 Gh = b1 b2 b3 b4 b5 ––––– p2.125 kN > P .0048 m/s Therefore The required basic rating life of 9 000 h is not achieved by the rod end.5 = 11 kN..5 p = 100 × –––– ≈ 18 N/mm2 30 and the mean sliding velocity (dm = dk = 29 mm) v = 5.5 kN Half angle of oscillation: β = 15° (➔ fig 3 .0063 m/s) so that 330 Gh = 2 × 1 × 1.. page 21.3 (from Diagram 11 . from Table 5 .

.9 dk for angular contact spherical plain bearings dm = 0. for radial spherical plain bearings dm = dk for radial spherical plain bearings dm = 0. For example. the load and the sliding velocity....7 dk for spherical plain thrust bearings As operation progresses and as a result of negative influences (contamination. it is recommended that the maximum values of the coefficient of friction be used when determining the required power rating.03 0.20 0. For all bearings.. 57 Friction 2 The friction in a spherical plain bearing or rod end is primarily dependent on the sliding contact surface combination.20 quoted in the table may be approached or even exceeded if conditions are particularly unfavourable. In applications where friction is especially important...05 max 0... Guideline values for the coefficient of friction µ will be found in Table 1 . The friction torque for a spherical plain bearing or rod end can be calculated using M = 0. for regularly relubricated steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings when a suitable highly viscous lubricant is used (e... Nm µ = coefficient of friction (➔ Table 1 ) P = equivalent dynamic bearing load.g...15 0.... 4 2 Recommendations Friction 3 Product data Page . inadequate lubrication). Under laboratory conditions. for security reasons.5 × 10–6 µ P dm where M = friction torque. therefore... Operation which is entirely free of stick-slip cannot be achieved. At a constant specific load... however.. there may be small differences between adhesive and sliding friction. In most applications.1 Product information Page .25 0. Because there are so many influencing factors which are not mutually independent it is not possible to quote exact values for the coefficient of friction.. kN dm = mean bearing diameter. however. the effects are negligible. it is possible to record typical developments of the coefficient of friction for different sliding contact surface combinations.05 0.10 0. Experience has shown that stick-slip effects occur when the surrounding construction is “soft”. Coefficients of friction for different sliding contact surface combinations (guideline values) 35 . even under very light loads. mm. They have been determined in laboratory trials. the SKF grease LGHB 2).. friction will be reduced to the given minimum value as soon as the transfer of PTFE from the sliding layer to the opposing steel surface has been completed. which are operated under conditions of mixed or dry friction.25 0.. The coefficient of friction for the maintenance-free sliding contact surface combinations steel/PTFE fabric and steel/sinter bronze composite decrease with increasing specific load.. The friction during the running-in phase is higher than the value recorded during the subsequent test period.. the maximum values of the coefficient of friction Table 1 Sliding contact surface combination Coefficient of friction µ min Steel-on-steel Steel-on-bronze Steel/sinter bronze composite Steel/PTFE fabric Steel/PTFE composite 0.08 0...

.. as intended. Type and magnitude of the load The degree of interference must suit the type and magnitude of the load. Otherwise the rings may begin to creep or wander in or on their seatings in the circumferential direction under load.e.. If interference fits are used for both bearing rings..... i. The original internal clearance differs depending on the type and size of the bearing and has been selected so that if the recommended tolerances for the shaft and housing seatings are applied. an interference fit cannot always be applied. 1. if easy mounting and dismounting are desired.. • The strength of the associated components must be adequate to take up the loads and fully support the bearing. and the • outer ring to be compressed elastically...... or if the temperature conditions are unusual.. However. there is a risk that hardened bearing rings will break... or if the bearing must be able to be displaced axially without restraint... the heavier the interference required (➔ fig 1 ). e. Relationship between load and requisite interference Fig 1 Operating clearance Fig 2 Bearing internal clearance Operating clearance 36 . • Under heavy loads.... This reduces the original internal clearance in the bearing to the so-called operating clearance (➔ fig 2 ).. it may be necessary to use a larger initial internal clearance than “Normal” for steel-on-steel bearings. 4 2 Recommendations Radial location 3 Product data Page . Bearing internal clearance An interference fit will cause the • inner ring to expand elastically. The appropriate fits are always determined by the operating conditions. 2.. an appropriate operational clearance (or preload) will be left in the bearing under normal operating conditions. Successful radial location is only usually achieved by using fits with sufficient interference.. The clearance also depends on load and temperature. and the higher the shock content.. 57 Application of bearings Radial location of bearings The inner and outer rings of spherical plain bearings must be radially secured (located) to the shaft and in the housing so that the sliding movements take place.1 Product information Page . spherical plain bearings will deform elastically which may lead to a loosening of the fit and creeping of the ring on/in its seating. • If the associated components deform.g... the heavier the load.. in the bearing. • Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings require tighter fits than the maintenance-free bearings which have lower friction.

This means that • the fit of the inner ring will loosen (➔ fig 3 ) and • the fit of the outer ring will become tighter...1 Product information Page .. If there is a considerable temperature difference between inner and outer rings there will be a change in the operating clearance which must be considered when selecting the fits.... The reasons are • the shaft seating can be easily and economically hardened and ground. so that a blockage of the bearing can be avoided. • the outer rings of most spherical plain bearings are axially fractured at one or two positions.. Temperature conditions In operation.... which may restrict any required axial displacement in the housing... This is normally achieved by selecting a loose fit for one of the bearing rings. the bearing rings will normally have a higher temperature than their seatings. 2 Recommendations Radial location 4.. 57 5. Design of associated components The design of the components providing the bearing seatings should not lead to irregular deformation (out-ofround) of the bearing (➔ fig 4 ).. • Heavy loads and interference fits call for thick-walled one-piece steel or cast iron housings and solid steel shafts.. or are radially split. Axial displacement of nonlocating bearings A non-locating bearing.... • the housing bore should be protected against wear.... which is to provide radial support only.. The hardness should be at least 50 HRC and the surface roughness Rz should be ≤ 10 µm. generally the inner ring of spherical plain bearings. • Thin-walled housings. light alloy housings and hollow shafts all call for a tighter fit to be used than for thickwalled steel or cast iron housings and solid shafts – and must have sufficient strength.. This can hinder axial displacement or make it completely impossible. this facilitates axial displacement. Surface finish of seatings The recommended surface roughness to ISO 4288:1996 for the bearing seatings is • for shaft seatings Rz ≤ 10 µm • for housing bore seatings Rz ≤ 16 µm 2 Change of fit with temperature Fig 3 Out-of-round bearing seating Fig 4 Axial displacement Fig 5 F SK 3 GE S 0-2R LH 37 . must always be able to be displaced axially (➔ fig 5 )... 3 Product data Page ... • Split housings are not suitable for interference fits.. 4 3.

. If chosen..... If chosen.. These recommendations are based on the considerations described above and have been confirmed in a wide variety of bearing applications.. If. it is necessary to check that the residual operating clearance is sufficient for correct performance of the bearing or whether a bearing with larger clearance must be used 1) These recommendations do not apply to bearings of series GEG which have a bore diameter tolerance to H7 and are normally mounted on shaft seatings machined to m7. for mounting reasons the shaft is machined to tolerance f7. Operating conditions Tolerance Sliding contact surface combination steel-on-steel maintenance-free Radial bearings Loads of all kinds interference fit Loads of all kinds clearance or transition fit Angular contact bearings Loads of all kinds interference fit Thrust bearings Loads of all kinds interference fit m6 (n6)1) h6 (hardened shaft) m6 (n6) k6 h6 or g6 (hardened shaft) m6 m6 (n6) m6 The tolerances given in brackets may be chosen for very heavily loaded bearings.. axial displacement required Heavy loads Light alloy housings Angular contact bearings Loads of all kinds.. can generally be displaced axially Thrust bearings Purely axial loads Combined loads H7 M7 (N7) N7 M7 (N7) J7 H7 K7 M7 M7 J7 ISO shaft and housing tolerances Fig 6 H11 J7 H11 J7 H11 + 0 H7 J7 K7 M7 N7 + 0 The tolerances given in brackets may be chosen for very heavily loaded bearings. 57 Recommended fits Only a limited number of ISO tolerance grades are appropriate to spherical plain bearings..The ISO tolerance limits are given in • Table 3 for shafts. The recommended tolerances for • the shaft seating are given in Table 1 . it should be hardened as relative movements of the shaft with respect to the bearing bore will take place and wear may result Shaft fits Housing fits Table 2 Operating conditions Tolerance Sliding contact surface combination steel-on-steel maintenance-free Radial bearings Light loads. and • Table 4 for housing bores.. it is necessary to check that the residual operating clearance of radial bearings is sufficient for correct performance of the bearing or whether a bearing with larger clearance must be used g6 h6 k6 m6 n6 38 ... the standardized bearing bore diameter deviations (∆dmp) and the bearing outside diameter deviations (∆Dmp) are given in the tables....1 Product information Page .. interference fit Loads of all kinds.. Fig 6 shows schematically the relative positions of these in relation to the bore and outside diameters of the bearings... To facilitate the calculation of the minimum and maximum values of the theoretical interference or clearance. and • the housing bore in Table 2 ...... 4 2 Recommendations Tolerances Table 1 3 Product data Page ....

..... mm 3 6 10 18 30 50 80 120 180 250 315 400 500 630 800 1 000 6 10 18 30 50 80 120 180 250 315 400 500 630 800 1 000 1 250 Bearing Bore diameter ∆dmp min µm –8 –8 –8 –10 –12 –15 –20 –25 –30 –35 –40 –45 –50 –75 –100 –125 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 max Shaft diameter tolerances g6 Deviations high low µm –4 –5 –6 –7 –9 –10 –12 –14 –15 –17 –18 –20 –22 –24 –26 –28 –12 –14 –17 –20 –25 –29 –34 –39 –44 –49 –54 –60 –66 –74 –82 –94 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –8 –9 –11 –13 –16 –19 –22 –25 –29 –32 –36 –40 –44 –50 –56 –66 +9 +10 +12 +15 +18 +21 +25 +28 +33 +36 +40 +45 +44 +50 +56 +66 +1 +1 +1 +2 +2 +2 +3 +3 +4 +4 +4 +5 0 0 0 0 +12 +15 +18 +21 +25 +30 +35 +40 +46 +52 +57 +63 +70 +80 +90 +106 +4 +6 +7 +8 +9 +11 +13 +15 +17 +20 +21 +23 +26 +30 +34 +40 +16 +19 +23 +28 +33 +39 +45 +52 +60 +66 +73 +80 +88 +100 +112 +132 +8 +10 +12 +15 +17 +20 +23 +27 +31 +34 +37 +40 +44 +50 +56 +66 h6 high low k6 high low m6 high low n6 high low 2 ISO shaft limits ISO housing limits Table 4 Housing Bore diameter Nominal over incl. mm 10 18 30 50 80 120 150 180 250 315 400 500 18 30 50 80 120 150 180 250 315 400 500 630 Bearing Outside diameter ∆Dmp max µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –8 –9 –11 –13 –15 –18 –25 –30 –35 –40 –45 –50 –75 –100 –125 –160 –200 min Housing bore tolerances H11 Deviations low high µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 +110 +130 +160 +190 +220 +250 +250 +290 +320 +360 +400 +440 +500 +560 +660 +780 +920 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 +18 +21 +25 +30 +35 +40 +40 +46 +52 +57 +63 +70 +80 +90 +105 +125 +150 –8 –9 –11 –12 –13 –14 –14 –16 –16 –18 –20 – – – – – – +10 +12 +14 +18 +22 +26 +26 +30 +36 +39 +43 – – – – – – –12 –15 –18 –21 –25 –28 –28 –33 –36 –40 –45 –70 +6 +6 +7 +9 +10 +12 +12 +13 +16 +17 +18 0 –18 –21 –25 –30 –35 –40 –40 –46 –52 –57 –63 –96 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –26 –23 –28 –33 –39 –45 –52 –52 –60 –66 –5 –7 –8 –9 –10 –12 –12 –14 –14 H7 low high J7 low high K7 low high M7 low high N7 low high –73 –16 –80 –17 –114 –44 –130 –50 –146 –56 –171 –66 –203 –78 –242 –92 630 800 800 1 000 1 000 1 250 1 250 1 600 1 600 2 000 –80 0 –90 0 –105 0 –125 0 –150 0 –110 –30 –124 –34 –145 –40 –173 –48 –208 –58 39 . 4 2 Recommendations Tolerances 3 Product data Page .......... 57 Table 3 Shaft Diameter Nominal over incl........1 Product information Page ........

.. 57 Fig 8 Axial location of bearings An interference fit is not sufficient to axially locate a bearing ring. Inner rings are axially secured on the side opposite the shoulder by • a plate screwed to the shaft end (➔ fig 7 ). 4 2 Recommendations Axial location Fig 7 3 Product data Page ..... or • a spacer sleeve between the ring and a neighbouring machine component (➔ fig 8 ). the retaining rings used usually have constant radial width (also known as snap rings) to DIN 471:1981 or DIN 472:1981.. 40 Using an end plate and cover to locate a bearing Using a spacer sleeve and cover to locate a bearing For bearing location.... as well as simplifying the machining of seatings. a support ring (➔ fig 11 ) should be arranged between the bearing ring and the retaining ring. The axial location of non-separable bearings using retaining rings (➔ fig 10 and 11 ) saves space and permits quick mounting and dismounting. so that the retaining ring is not subjected to excessive bending moments.. It should be observed that with bearings of series GEP (➔ fig 9 ). Outer rings are generally retained by the cover of the housing bore (➔ fig 7 ).1 Product information Page . This must be taken into account when dimensioning the housing cover and selecting the size and number of the attachment screws. Locating a radially split bearing Fig 9 .. the inner ring must be free to move axially on the shaft (➔ fig 5 .. expansion forces will be produced under purely radial load.. spacer sleeves or rings can be inserted between the bearing ring which is to be located and an adjacent machine component (➔ fig 10 and 11 )... page 37). If larger axial forces have to be accommodated.. The bearing rings of a locating bearing should be axially located on both sides. Normally a suitable axial securement is required... the axial components of these forces will act on the housing cover.. If shaft and/or housing shoulders are undesirable because of manufacturing or assembly considerations... The axial load acting on the cover may be as much as 30 % of the radial load... The bearing rings generally have an interference fit and are usually supported on one side by a shaft or housing shoulder.. For non-locating bearings the outer ring (which normally has a tight fit) should be axially located.... which have a radially split outer ring.

..... Appropriate abutment dimensions (➔ fig 12 ) are given for each bearing in the product tables... The transition from the bearing seating to the shaft or housing shoulder may be designed either as a fillet (➔ fig 13 ) or an undercut (➔ fig 14 )... and • the fillet radius should be smaller than the chamfer of the bearing.......1 Product information Page ........ 57 Abutment and fillet dimensions The abutment and fillet dimensions should be such that • a sufficiently large support surface is available for the bearing ring.. • moving parts of the bearing arrangement cannot foul stationary components..... 4 Fig 10 2 Recommendations Abutment and fillet dimensions Fig 11 3 Product data Page .. 2 Locating a bearing using snap rings in the housing and adjacent components on the shaft Locating a bearing using adjacent components in the housing and a retainer ring on the shaft Recommended abutment and fillet dimensions Fig 12 Fillet dimensions for shaft and housing shoulders Fig 13 Undercut dimensions for shaft and housing shoulders Fig 14 ba rs ra rb r2min r2min Da da r amax r1min ha rc rs rs ba r bmax ha rc rs r1min 41 .

.6 10 0.2 0..7 5.1 Product information Page . The nut should be securely tightened against the support surface on the rod end housing or on the tube (➔ fig 15 ).4 3..4 0. in the same way as bearings.6 0. r2 min mm 1 1.4 8..5 0.6 0.... the larger the fillet (rounding) of the transition to the shaft shoulder.5 0.. a nut or a retaining ring.3 1.9 7..1 1. be axially located by a shaft shoulder..5 2 2..5 3 4 5 6 7.3 0.. 2 Recommendations Fillets Rod ends The inner rings of rod ends can.5 0.5 Fillet dimensions ba mm 2 2.... 4 Fillets Suitable dimensions for the fillet are given in the product tables and for the undercut in Table 5 .....5 0..5 2 2...... The stress conditions in a stepped shaft are more favourable.5 3 4 5 6 7 ha rc Attachment of rod ends Fig 15 42 . Rod ends mounted on threaded rods or in extension tubes should be prevented from coming loose by an extra nut on the rod or the external thread of the rod end shank. 57 Relieved fillets Table 5 Chamfer dimensions r 1 ... 3 Product data Page .2 4 4 4.5 2..6 1.

. Note Further information about radial shaft seals. one or other of the above factors will outweigh the others.. gives an overview of the possible seals... in aluminium-boron silicate material (FSB strips).. referred to in the table... and • the justifiable cost.. 57 Sealing Most bearing arrangements must be sealed to prevent external contamination and damp from entering the bearing. CR sea ls 2 43 .1 Product information Page . • the available space. • the environmental conditions.... • the type of lubrication and the frequency of relubrication.. which only move in one plane.. The efficiency of the sealing has a decisive influence of the service life of the bearing... When selecting appropriate seals. In contrast to most other bearing types. • the efficiency of the seal. 4 2 Recommendations Seals 3 Product data Page . Depending on the application. Table 6 ... for high temperatures. It is therefore not possible to establish general rules for sealing design.... can be found in the SKF catalogue 4006 “CR seals” or the “SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue” on CD-ROM or online at www.com... their design characteristics and suitability to meet different demands. many factors have to be considered including • the permissible angle of tilt. pages 44 and 45.... the alignment capabilities of the spherical plain bearings place extra demands on the sealing..skf... Sealing strips can also be supplied by SKF in felt (FS strips) or.

.. 57 Table 6 Seal Illustration Design characteristics Suitability Integral RS design Double-lip rubbing seal of polyurethane (–20 to +80 °C) or polyelastomer (–30 to +130 °C) ✔ for compact bearing arrangements..... oil and other environmental influences ✔ for contaminant exclusion ✔ for angles of tilt up to 2° ✔ for bearing arrangements with shafts up to 300 mm diameter ✔ for bearings which are to rotate V-Ring (commercially available) Elastic seal which sits on shaft and rotates with it..... slush etc.. V-shaped (commercially available) Simple... axial sealing lip of nitrile rubber (–40 to +100 °C) or fluoro rubber (–40 to +200 °C) Good wear and chemical resistance ✔ for contaminant exclusion ✔ for maintenance-free and greaselubricated bearings ✔ for all shaft diameters ✔ for angles of tilt between 2 and 4° depending on size ✔ for bearings which are to rotate Felt (commercially available) Simple to install.... simple mounting ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ for maintenance-free bearings for small angles of tilt for high temperatures for moderately dusty environments for bearings which are to rotate Gap type with grease Simple and efficient with periodic relubrication May pollute environment ✔ for bearings and rod ends requiring maintenance ✔ for small angles of tilt ✔ for rough conditions in the presence of sand. clay..1 Product information Page .... mainly indoors ✔ for cramped spaces ✔ for high sealing demands when combined with an outboard seal ✔ for long service life with minimum maintenance ✔ for bearings which are to rotate Integral heavy duty LS design Triple-lip rubbing seal of elastomer with steel backing (–25 to +120 °C) ✔ for compact bearing arrangements ✔ for high sealing demands ✔ for long service life with minimum maintenance ✔ for rotating bearing arrangements ✔ for difficult operating conditions in the presence of sand or mud Gap type Simple and economic.... lightly preloaded seal of polyurethane (–40 to +100 °C) Good wear strength and resistance to grease... good resistance to grease (–40 to +100 °C) ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ for dust and minor damp exclusion for grease retention for large angles of tilt for all sizes of bearing for bearings which are to rotate 44 . no wear. 4 2 Recommendations Seals 3 Product data Page ....

.. oil and other environmental influences ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ for strong contaminant exclusion for oil retention for small angles of tilt for bearings up to approx...... good resistance to grease. oil and other environmental influences ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ for contaminant exclusion for grease retention for oil retention for small angles of tilt for all sizes of bearing for bearings which are to rotate 2 Radial shaft with dust lip (commercially available) Steel reinforced (either externally or internally) elastomer with lips of nitrile rubber (–40 to +100 °C) or fluoro rubber (–40 to +200 °C) Good wear resistance. initial oiling or greasing of faces reduces friction Profiled rubber with clamp and lock (commercially available) Elastomer strip (–40 to +100 °C) Good wear resistance.1 Product information Page . 57 Table 6 Seal Illustration Design characteristics Suitability Radial shaft (commercially available) Steel reinforced (either externally or internally) elastomer with lip of nitrile rubber (–40 to +100 °C) or fluoro rubber (–40 to +200 °C) Good wear resistance.. good resistance to grease....... oil and other environmental influences ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ for contaminant exclusion for oil and grease retention for small angles of tilt for bearings which are to rotate Spring steel washers (commercially available) Labyrinth seals of sets of washers for high temperatures.. oil and other environmental influences ✔ for hermetically sealed bearing arrangements ✔ for small angles of tilt ✔ for slow oscillating movements. good resistance to grease... good resistance to grease. 300 mm bore ✔ for bearings which are to rotate O-ring (commercially available) Nitrile rubber (–30 to +100 °C) or fluoro rubber (–20 to +200 °C) ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ for reliable moisture exclusion for oil and grease retention for very small angles of tilt for slow oscillating movements Profiled rubber (commercially available) Polyurethane (–40 to +100 °C) Good wear resistance.. Excellent wear resistance..... good chemical resistance ✔ for contaminant exclusion ✔ grease exit vents needed in housing cover if grease used ✔ for small angles of tilt ✔ for bearings which are to rotate 45 .. 4 2 Recommendations Seals 3 Product data Page . oil and other environmental influences ✔ for hermetically sealed bearing arrangements ✔ for slow oscillating movements Initial oiling or greasing of faces reduces friction ✔ for small angles of tilt Mechanical seals (commercially available) Stainless steel rings and cup springs of nitrile rubber (–40 to +100 °C) Good wear resistance..... good resistance to grease..

.. Recommended dimensions for the ducts and grooves as well as for the threads for the oil supply connection are given in Tables 7 and 8 . and • recesses or threaded holes in the housing bore (➔ fig 18 ) so that withdrawal tools can be used without difficulty. Particularly for large bearings... To dismount maintenance-free bearings having a bore diameter of some 80 mm and above... This not only eases mounting but reduces the risk of damaging the mating surfaces by skewing of the bearing rings... This greatly reduces the force required to dismount the bearing and practically eliminates 3 Product data Page . and especially dismounting.... 57 any risk of damaging the bearing and seating.. 4 2 Recommendations Design for easy mounting To facilitate subsequent removal of a bearing.. the shaft ends and housing bores should have a lead-in with an angle of between 10 and 20° (➔ fig 16 )..... Designing the bearing arrangement for easy mounting and dismounting To ease mounting.. This involves introducing oil under high pressure between the bearing inner ring and its shaft seating.. it can be advantageous to • provide recesses in the shaft shoulder (➔ fig 17 ). are simplified or even made possible.. it is necessary to design the arrangement so that bearing mounting. Chamfering shaft ends and housing bore entrances Fig 16 Shaft shoulder with recess Fig 17 Housing shoulder with threaded holes Fig 18 46 . The distance between this groove and the bearing side from which mounting and dismounting are to be performed should be approximately one third of the seating width..1 Product information Page ... In order to employ the oil injection method it is necessary to provide an oil supply duct in the shaft as well as an oil distributor groove in the seating (➔ fig 19 )...... it is recommended that the oil injection method be used.

5 2.....8 1 1 1........5 1.5 5 6 7 8 2.5 3 3 4 4 4.5 0.............1 Product information Page . mm 100 150 200 250 300 400 500 650 800 1 000 Dimensions ba mm 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 8 10 12 0... 57 Table 8 L L 3 N 60° Ga Gc G b Ga 2 Gc G b ha ra ba Na Na Design A Design B Bearing seating diameter over incl.5 2 2.. 4 2 Recommendations Design for easy mounting Table 7 3 Product data Page .5 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 7 8 ha ra N Thread Ga – M6 G 1/8 G 1/4 G 3/8 G 1/2 G 3/4 Design Dimensions Gb Gc1) Na max – A A A B B B mm 10 12 15 15 18 20 8 10 12 12 14 16 3 3 5 8 8 8 100 150 200 250 300 400 500 650 800 Oil ducts and distributor grooves Threaded holes for connection Fig 19 Bearing seating with oil ducts and distributor grooves for easy dismounting 47 ...8 0.25 1.

.. More information on SKF greases will be found in Table 1 .. lubrication of these bearings... the free space surrounding the bearing may. • very good rust inhibition.. Relubricating the bearing via the outer ring Fig 1 Relubricating the bearing via the inner ring Fig 2 Relubricating the bearing from the side Fig 3 48 . all SKF steel-onsteel spherical plain bearings (with the exception of the smallest bearings of the E and ESA designs) have an annular groove and lubrication holes in both inner and outer rings. 57 Lubrication Spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings must be maintained and lubricated to • reduce friction. To provide protection against corrosion and to enhance sealing.... and the SKF application engineering service should be contacted. 4 2 Recommendations Lubrication 3 Product data Page . If operating temperatures are higher than this special grease should be used instead. and • a wide operating temperature range of –20 to +150 °C.. • extend bearing life.. the bearing can be supplied with grease from the side. • reduce wear.1 Product information Page . is not advisable and they have no relubrication facilities. Its properties include • excellent load carrying capacity. Where possible. or rod ends with the same sliding contact surface combinations... To compel grease to pass through the bearing it is necessary to prevent the grease from exiting the bearing arrangement from the same side as it is supplied and to provide a grease exit opening at the opposite side (➔ fig 3 ). the free space surrounding the bearing should be filled with grease. Therefore. • good water resistance. Any lubrication of the sliding contact surfaces would disturb this transfer and shorten bearing life. To facilitate efficient lubrication in service...... Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings Sliding contact surface combinations steel/sinter bronze composite and steel/PTFE fabric During the first period of operation of these bearings... a transfer of PTFE takes place from the dry sliding contact surface to the opposing surface of the inner ring. If the arrangement is appropriately designed. • very good resistance to ageing. The sliding contact surfaces are phosphated and treated with a “running-in” lubricant. It is recommended that the SKF grease LGHB 2 be used to lubricate steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings.. • protect against corrosion and • prevent contamination by dirt or moisture.... Relubrication of the bearing can only be made if the necessary ducts for relubrication are provided in the housing (➔ fig 1 ) or the shaft (pin) (➔ fig 2 ) so that grease can be directly supplied to the bearing.. This special surface treatment has a favourable influence on the running-in phase... In order to obtain the desired rating life the bearings must be greased at the very latest before being taken into operation and must then be regularly relubricated.. This is a high-quality calcium sulphonate base grease.

....1 Product information Page . Rust inhibiting. be filled with grease (➔ fig 4 ). the SKF grease LGEP 2 (➔ Table 1 ).. water-repellant lithium base greases of normal consistency should be used... °C (continuous operation) Kinematic viscosity of base oil. the free space surrounding the bearing (➔ fig 5 ) should be filled with the same grease as that used for bearing lubrication.. Grease supply to free space in the housing surrounding a steel/sinter bronze composite bearing Grease supply to free space in housing surrounding a large steel/PTFE composite bearing Fig 5 Note SKF spherical plain bearings.. Rust inhibiting. On no account should greases containing molybdenum disulphide or other solid lubricants be used.. The appropriate time to replenish or renew the grease in the bearing arrangement is determined by the operating conditions and the ageing of the grease.... for example. Skin contact should be avoided as these substances may give rise to irritation or allergic reactions... 4 2 Recommendations Lubrication Table 1 3 Product data Page ... the SKF greases LGEP 2 or LGMT 3 (➔ Table 1 )... depending on their design are either completely or partially coated with an oily preservative or filled with grease. Fig 4 49 .. Property SKF greases (designation) LGHB 2 LGMT 3 LGEP 2 LGGB 21) for sliding contact surface combinations steel-on-steel steel-on-bronze steel/PTFE composite Calcium sulphonate complex soap Mineral oil Brown –20 to +150 Lithium soap Mineral oil Yellowish brown –30 to +120 Lithium soap Mineral oil Light brown –20 to +110 Lithium/ calcium soap Ester oil White –40 to +120 Thickener 2 Base oil Colour Operating temperature.. The inner rings and shaft washers of such bearings are coated with lithium base grease before leaving the factory..5 2 120 to 130 12 3 200 16 2 110 13 2 Biologically degradeable grease for use in applications where strict ecological demands must be met and where lubrication cannot be dispensed with SKF lubricating greases however.. If operating conditions are such that protection against corrosion and enhanced sealing are required.. mm2/s at +40 °C at +100 °C Consistency (to NLGI Scale) 1) 400 to 450 26. for example.. 57 Sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite An initial lubrication followed by occasional relubrication of steel/PTFE composite bearings can extend the service life by a factor of at least 2. water-repellant lithium base greases of normal consistency should be used....

the service life of steel/PTFE composite rod ends can be much extended by an initial application of grease followed by occasional relubrication.. the maintenance-free rod ends are without relubrication facilities. M and SAKAC .... Relubrication facilities for steel-on-steel rod ends Fig 6 Relubrication facilities for steel-on-bronze rod ends Fig 7 Lubrication hole Grease nipple Rod end with female thread Rod end with male thread 50 . they should not be lubricated. Note SKF rod ends..... 57 Rod ends requiring maintenance Rod ends with the sliding contact surface combinations steel-on-steel and steel-on-bronze require maintenance and must be lubricated... However... The inner ring is already coated with a lithium base grease before leaving the factory.. It is.. • all SKF steel-on-bronze rod ends can be relubricated via a lubrication hole or grease nipple in the rod end housing (➔ fig 7 ).... however..e.... Maintenance-free rod ends Rod ends with maintenance-free sliding contact surface combinations are generally to be used as dry sliding bearings.. To facilitate this • all SKF steel-on-steel rod ends can be relubricated via a lubrication hole or grease nipple in the rod end housing as well as via the inner ring (➔ fig 6 ) with the exception of the small-sized rod ends of the E and ESA designs..... 4 2 Recommendations Lubrication 3 Product data Page . The recommendations above for steelon-steel spherical plain bearings also apply to steel-on-bronze rod ends.. These recommendations also apply to the steel-on-bronze rod ends of the SIKAC .1 Product information Page ... Skin contact should be avoided as these substances may give rise to irritation or allergic reactions. depending on their design are either completely or partially coated with an oily preservative or filled with grease. i. also possible to use lithium base greases of normal consistency without solid lubricant additives.. M series where SKF grease LGMT 3 is recommended.

• the operating temperature • the sealing arrangement and • other environmental conditions. • the bearing should be relubricated before a long interruption in operation occurs.... they must be relubricated. therefore. before construction machinery or agricultural equipment is laid up...... They can.... where axial displacement takes place along the shaft or pin. The relubrication interval should be determined when performing the bearing calculation.... 57 Maintenance 2 To obtain a long service life with spherical plain bearings and rod ends requiring maintenance.... By supplying lubricant in this way grease will also enter between the mating surfaces of inner ring and shaft seating.. This reduces friction and consequently the axial forces produced when axial displacement takes place. • the angle of oscillation. 4 2 Recommendations Maintenance 3 Product data Page . the relative humidity in the storeroom should not exceed 60 %.1 Product information Page . The frequency of relubrication is of decisive importance for the attainable service life and depends on many factors including • the magnitude of the load.. • the frequency of oscillation... Used grease together with wear debris and any contamination should be removed from the contact zone and be replaced by fresh grease.. be stored in their original packages for several years. page 46). Relubrication of non-locating bearings Non-locating bearings. including the biologically degradable grease LGGB 2 51 .. • the relubrication should be carried out at the operating temperature.g... should always be relubricated via the shaft and bearing inner ring (➔ fig 2 ... • the type of load. e.. SKF has the correct greases for spherical plain bearings and rod ends. Storage SKF spherical plain bearings and rod ends are treated with a preservative before they are packaged. However. Long service lives can be attained when the following relubrication conditions are observed: • the same grease is used as originally applied.

shafts or pins etc.. The components associated with the bearings (housings...) should be wiped using a clean cloth........ particularly under heavy loads... 57 Mounting Spherical plain bearings Skill and cleanliness when mounting are necessary if spherical plain bearings and rod ends are to perform correctly and not fail prematurely. They should also be checked with regard to accuracy of dimensions and form before mounting is started.. 4 2 Recommendations Mounting 3 Product data Page . oils or similar media. The sliding contact surfaces of the bearings are matched to provide favourable friction and wear characteristics.) should be cleaned and any burrs removed..... bearings must not be washed or come into contact with solvents. The bearings and rod ends should only be taken from their packages immediately before mounting so that they do not become contaminated.... cleaners. therefore.. Fig 1 Fig 2 Plane of fracture or split and main direction of load Mounting with the aid of a dolly When mounting spherical plain bearings with a fractured or split outer ring it is essential that the joint be positioned at right angles to the main direction of load (➔ fig 1 ) as otherwise the service life will be shortened. Simultaneous mounting in housing and on shaft Fig 3 Mounting using a press Fig 4 Never direct blows at the bearing rings Fig 5 52 .... Any alteration of the sliding surfaces would shorten the service life.1 Product information Page .... Any components which have possibly become dirty as a result of improper handling (damaged packaging etc..

. for example. 320 °C) it rapidly decomposes.. It should also be remembered that the material is dangerous to handle once it has been overheated even after it has cooled down again. 3 Product data Page .... Generally. • for larger numbers of bearings. the use of a hammer and drift can also easily damage the rings.. The fluorine compounds released during this process are extremely toxic... Therefore. 57 Note Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings and rod ends having sliding contact surfaces containing PTFE should never be subjected to temperatures in excess of +280 °C. • on no account should blows be directed at the bearing rings (➔ fig 5 ). When mounting spherical plain bearings. suitable tools can be used in combination with a press (➔ fig 4 )... even in small quantities.. PTFE is completely inert below this temperature but at higher temperatures (from approx. • the mounting force should never be directed through the sliding contact surfaces (➔ fig 6 ).. 2 Recommendations Mounting Mounting using heat Larger bearings cannot usually be mounted in the cold state as the force required increases sharply with increasing bearing size...1 Product information Page .. • a dolly having two abutment surfaces (➔ fig 3 ) for mounting simultaneously on the shaft and in the housing.. this could – damage the sliding contact surfaces and/or – expand fractured or split bearing outer rings.. 2 Never apply the mounting force via the sliding contact surfaces Fig 6 Mounting a heated bearing Fig 7 53 .. The requisite temperature difference between the bearing ring and shaft or housing bore depends on the seating diameter. by the material of the seals.... the bearing or housing should be heated before mounting (➔ fig 7 ). which would cause an increase in the mounting force required. The temperature to which a bearing can be heated also depends on the permissible temperature for the bearing which may be limited... a temperature of 60 to 80 °C above ambient is adequate to allow the rings to be easily mounted... 4 Mechanical mounting The following tools are suitable for mounting spherical plain bearings • a mounting dolly (➔ fig 2 ) or length of tubing.. the ring having an interference fit should generally be mounted first...

. When attaching rod ends to threaded rods or in extension tubes (➔ fig 11 ) a counter lock nut should be used on the rod or on the external thread of the rod end. Fig 10 Securing a rod end A bearing in position on an SKF induction heater Fig 8 Mounting a large heated bearing Fig 9 SKF has a comprehensive range of mechanical and hydraulic tools as well as heating equipment for bearing mounting and dismounting. Heat-resistant gloves should be worn when handling hot components.. it is possible to use slings and a hoist... 57 Rod ends Rod ends are fitted on the pins in the same way as spherical plain bearings...1 Product information Page ..... A spring between the hoist hook and the sling also facilitates bearing handling. It should be securely tightened against the abutment surface on the rod end or the tube........ The non-metallic components.... such as seals or PTFE fabric remain cold as does the heater itself.skf. Slight heating will reduce the force required for mounting and reduce the danger of damaging associated components. To ease the mounting of large bearings. The induced current flow serves to rapidly heat the bearing.... 4 The use of SKF induction heaters has been found particularly beneficial (➔ fig 8 ).. 2 Recommendations Mounting 3 Product data Page . Details of these tools can be found in the SKF catalogue MP3000 “SKF Maintenance and Lubrication Products” or in the online catalogue at www.com. particularly if they have been heated.mapro. 54 . They are equipped with integral protection against overheating and automatically demagnetize... Metal or textile slings placed around the outer ring can be used (➔ fig 9 )...

For larger bearings with an interference fit.. In order to do this it is necessary to provide the necessary oil ducts and distributor grooves when designing the bearing arrangement (➔ page 46)...... It is also possible to dismount bearings from housing bores by quickly heating the bearing housing without heating the bearing outer ring to any extent....... then a two.. the rod end be unscrewed from its rod or tube.. using a puller...or three-armed puller can be used (➔ fig 1 )... e. if possible.... SKF offers a range of different puller types to accommodate many applications. The requisite withdrawal force should always be applied to the ring which is to be dismounted.. the same care and attention are required as when mounting. In other cases where there is enough space behind the ring.... a strong back puller such as the SKF TMBS series can be used (➔ fig 2 ).g.. Removing a bearing with a jaw puller Fig 1 A strong back puller facilitates dismounting of the inner ring Fig 2 Dismounting a bearing using the SKF oil injection method Fig 3 55 .. 57 Dismounting 2 Spherical plain bearings If the bearings are to be re-used after dismounting. If the shaft is pre-machined to accommodate the arms of a jaw puller. a mechanical or hydraulic press can be used where possible. 4 2 Recommendations Dismounting 3 Product data Page . Small bearings can be dismounted using a mounting dolly or a length of tubing applied to the outer ring.. The rod end can then be removed from the pin in the same way as a bearing.1 Product information Page . For large bearings with an interference fit. dismounting is considerably facilitated if the SKF oil injection method is used (➔ fig 3 ). Rod ends To dismount rod ends the lock nut securing the shank should be loosened and.

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......... .............. ................ 72 Bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite .. .....122 with male thread....... ....... 82 Angular contact spherical plain bearings ........... ........ .............. 16 3 Product data General Bearing data – general 3 Product data ..................... ........128 Special solutions and related products... .......... steel/PTFE composite..... 58 Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings with metric dimensions... ..... ... .........4 Rod ends requiring maintenance ...... ....... ...................130 Spherical plain bearings and rod ends for airframe applications ................... .... .. ................................ ................ ............. 94 Rod ends requiring maintenance.................... ... . 130 3..3 Spherical plain thrust bearings ... ...... ....... .................. ...................... ........... 58 3.................................... 96 3..................... 96 General ........... ................ ............. ..... ............................. 72 General ........................... 86 3...2 Angular contact spherical plain bearings........ . ......................... ..124 with female thread.....................126 with male thread............114 Maintenance-free rod ends with female thread....... ............... ... . 92 3..... ............................ ........ 57 Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance .................. ........................................ .................. .. steel/PTFE fabric .......... ... ... 86 General ............ .................... .... 62 with inch dimensions.................... ........ .................. ... .......... ...132 Dry sliding thrust washers and strip ...................120 with female thread......... ....... steel/sinter bronze composite 118 with male thread.100 with female thread for hydraulic cylinders ..1 Product information Page ..........106 with rectangular section welding shank ....... 90 Spherical plain thrust bearings . ................ ..... steel/PTFE composite. ..........6 Special solutions and related products ......... .................... .130 Plain bearings for road vehicles ............ .108 Steel-on-bronze rod ends with female thread ......................... ........ ............ 78 steel/PTFE composite ..............131 Dry sliding bushings and flanged bushings ........................ 114 3...................102 with male thread ........ ...7 57 .................................. ........ ........ ...................114 General .. ..... .............. ..... ....... .................................. .... ....... .... .. ............................................... ...... 58 General .5 Maintenance-free rod ends .......................................... ...................... ..133 3 Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance .. ......... 96 Steel-on-steel rod ends with female thread ......... ..................... 66 with extended inner ring ................ 92 General .110 with male thread ................... .. 70 Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings......130 Plain bearings for rail vehicles .................. 4 2 Recommendations Page .................................... .. .1 Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings.... ............ 76 steel/PTFE fabric ... ........ 92 Maintenance-free bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite . ........................... steel/sinter bronze composite .... steel/PTFE fabric ...................104 with cylindrical section welding shank ......112 Maintenance-free rod ends ...... ....... 86 Maintenance-free bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite ............... 72 3........ ..

1 Product information
Page ................ 4

2 Recommendations
Page .............. 16

3 Product data
Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance

Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance
A characteristic feature of the SKF steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings is the outer ring, which is intentionally fractured at a given point so that it can be sprung apart to enable the inner ring to be inserted (➔ fig 1 ). The bearings are therefore non-separable and easy to handle. The surfaces are manganese phosphated and the sliding contact surface also treated with a running-in lubricant. This makes the bearings wear resistant and easy to run-in. To facilitate effective lubrication, all bearings – except some small sizes – have an annular groove and two lubrication holes in both outer and inner rings. Additionally, bearings with an outside diameter of 150 mm and above also have the “multi-groove system” (➔ page 6) in the outer ring sliding contact surface as standard (➔ fig 2 ). With the multi-groove system SKF has the answer to lubricant starvation in steel-on-steel bearings, which is otherwise prevalent where the bearings have to perform minor alignment movements under heavy constant direction loads. The multi-groove system (➔ fig 3 ) improves lubricant distribution in the heavy loaded zone and thus extends the service life and/or maintenance intervals.

58

1 Product information
Page ................ 4 Dimensions The dimensions of spherical plain bearings of series GE, GEH and GEG conform to ISO 12240-1:1998. Bearings with cylindrical extensions to the inner ring, series GEM, have a non-standard inner ring width but otherwise have the dimensions of series GE bearings. The dimensions of spherical plain bearings with inch dimensions, series GEZ, conform to the American Standard ANSI/ABMA Std. 22.2-1988.

2 Recommendations
Page .............. 16 Tolerances The tolerances to which metric radial spherical plain bearings are made are given in Table 1 and those of inchsize bearings are given in Table 2 on page 60. Outer ring tolerances apply to conditions before fracture and surface treatment. Acccordingly, inner ring tolerances apply to rings before surface treatment. The tolerances are in accordance with ISO 12240-1:1998 (metric) and ANSI/ABMA Std. 22.2-1988 (inch-size bearings). The symbols used in the tolerance tables are explained in the following.

3 Product data
Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance

3.1
d nominal bore diameter ∆dmp deviation of the mean bore diameter from the nominal D nominal outside diameter ∆Dmp deviation of the mean outside diameter from the nominal ∆Bs deviation of single inner ring width from the nominal ∆Cs deviation of single outer ring width from the nominal

Insertion of inner ring into outer ring Fig 1

Outer ring with multi-groove lubrication system in heavy duty ESL design Fig 2

Heavy-duty spherical plain bearing with multi-groove lubrication system and LS seals Fig 3

59

1 Product information
Page ................ 4
Tolerances of metric bearings Nominal diameter d, D over mm 6 10 18 30 50 80 120 150 180 250 315 400 500 incl.

2 Recommendations
Page .............. 16

3 Product data
Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance
Table 1

Series GE, GEH, GEM Inner ring ∆dmp high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – –8 –8 –8 –10 –12 –15 –20 –25 –25 –30 –35 – – ∆Bs high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – –120 –120 –120 –120 –120 –150 –200 –250 –250 –300 –350 – –

Series GEG Inner ring ∆dmp high low µm – – +18 +21 +25 +30 +35 +40 +40 +46 – – – – – 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – – ∆Bs high low µm – – 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – – – – –180 –210 –250 –300 –350 –400 –400 –460 – – –

All series Outer ring ∆Dmp high low µm – 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – –8 –8 –9 –11 –13 –15 –18 –25 –30 –35 –40 –45 ∆Cs high low µm – 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – –240 –240 –240 –240 –300 –400 –500 –500 –600 –700 –800 –900

6 10 18 30 50 80 120 150 180 250 315 400

Tolerances of inch-size bearings Nominal diameter d, D over mm 50,8 76,2 80,962 120,65 152,4 177,8 222,25 incl. Inner ring ∆dmp high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 – – –13 –15 –20 –20 –25 – – Outer ring ∆Bs high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 – – –130 –130 –130 –130 –130 – – ∆Dmp high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –13 –15 –15 –20 –25 –25 –30 ∆Cs high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –130 –130 –130 –130 –130 –130 –130

Table 2

50,8 76,2 80,962 120,65 152,4 177,8

60

800 76... Materials The inner and outer rings of SKF steelon-steel radial spherical plain bearings are made of through-hardened steel.. with a steel backing. Permissible operating temperature range Steel-on steel spherical plain bearings can be used in the temperature range of –50 to +300 °C.875 50..875 50. the permissible operating temperature range is limited by the seal material...200 152....1 Product information Page . 4 Radial internal clearance Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings are produced with Normal radial internal clearance as standard. for 2RS seals • –30 to +130 °C for polyester elastomer (metric bearings).. C2.. 60 and 90 mm have a radial internal clearance corresponding to the values quoted for the next larger diameter range Radial internal clearance of steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings 61 ... C3... mm Metric bearings1) 12 20 35 60 90 140 200 240 12 20 35 60 90 140 200 240 300 Radial internal clearance C2 Normal min max min max µm C3 min max 8 10 12 15 18 18 18 18 18 32 40 50 60 72 85 100 110 125 32 40 50 60 72 85 100 110 125 68 82 100 120 142 165 192 214 239 68 82 100 120 142 165 192 214 239 104 124 150 180 212 245 284 318 353 3. 16 3 Product data Radial spherical plain bearings requiring maintenance Table 3 Bore diameter d over incl...200 15.800 76... The sliding contact surfaces are treated with a running-in lubricant. and • –20 to +80 °C for polyurethane (inchsize bearings). Polyurethane is used for the seals of the inch-size bearings. ground and phosphated. should be checked before ordering. 2 Recommendations Page ....400 15 25 30 40 75 105 130 160 50 80 100 130 150 180 200 230 150 180 200 230 200 260 300 350 1) Bearings of series GEH with bore diameter d = 20. For sealed bearings... The clearance values for the metric bearings conform to ISO 12240-1:1998. on each side of the bearing. The availability of bearings with radial internal clearance smaller than Normal. Bearings with designation suffix 2LS have a triple lip elastomer seal. The operating temperature range for the actual grease used to lubricate the bearings must also be taken into consideration... but their load carrying capacity will be reduced at temperatures above +150 °C.. The double-lip rubbing seals of metric bearings with designation suffix 2RS are made of polyester elastomer. for 2LS seals • –25 to +120 °C for metric bearings. 35. or greater than Normal. the actual values are shown in Table 3 ..1 Inch-size bearings 15.

61 0....20 0.003 0..60 – GE 4 E GE 5 E GE 6 E GE 8 E GE 10 E GE 12 E GE 15 ES GE 15 ES-2RS GE 17 ES GE 17 ES-2RS GE 20 ES GE 20 ES-2RS GEH 20 ES-2RS GE 25 ES GE 25 ES-2RS GEH 25 ES-2RS GE 30 ES GE 30 ES-2RS GEH 30 ES-2RS GE 35 ES GE 35 ES-2RS GEH 35 ES-2RS GE 40 ES GE 40 ES-2RS GEH 40 ES-2RS GE 45 ES GE 45 ES-2RS GEH 45 ES-2RS GE 50 ES GE 50 ES-2RS GEH 50 ES-2RS – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – GEH 25 ES-2LS – GE 30 ES-2LS GEH 30 ES-2LS – GE 35 ES-2LS GEH 35 ES-2LS – GE 40 ES-2LS GEH 40 ES-2LS – GE 45 ES-2LS GEH 45 ES-2LS – GE 50 ES-2LS GEH 50 ES-2LS 25 30 35 40 45 50 1) 2) To fully utilize the angle of tilt.32 0.5 54 85 85 106 106 146 146 240 240 240 310 310 310 400 400 400 500 500 500 640 640 640 780 780 780 1 220 C0 GEH .. ESL-2LS 62 .16 0..032 0.. 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings d 4 – 50 mm B C r2 r1 b1 d b M α D dk GE ..12 0.004 0. ES-2RS Mass Designation Standard design GE .35 0..... the shaft shoulder should not be made larger than da max Bearings with outside diameter ≥ 150 mm have the multi-groove lubrication system in the outer ring as standard (➔ page 6) Bearings with outside diameter < 150 mm can also be supplied with multi-groove features.2 30 30 48 48 48 62 62 62 80 80 80 100 100 100 127 127 127 156 156 156 245 10.56 1.032 0....2 17 17 27.1 Product information Page ....5 40.12 0.23 0.47 0..80 0. E Principal dimensions d mm 4 5 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 12 14 14 16 19 22 26 26 30 30 35 35 42 42 42 47 47 47 55 55 55 62 62 62 68 68 68 75 75 75 90 5 6 6 8 9 10 12 12 14 14 16 16 25 20 20 28 22 22 32 25 25 35 28 28 40 32 32 43 35 35 56 3 4 4 5 6 7 9 9 10 10 12 12 16 16 16 18 18 18 20 20 20 22 22 22 25 25 25 28 28 28 36 D B C GE .012 0.004 0..46 0...46 0.065 0.8 17 17 21. the designation then becomes GE . ES Angle of tilt1) α degrees 16 13 13 15 12 10 8 8 10 10 9 9 17 7 7 17 6 6 17 6 6 15 7 6 17 7 7 14 6 6 17 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 2. 4 2 Recommendations Page .017 0.32 0..008 0.2 21.23 0.4 3.5 8. ES-2LS Heavy duty2) design kg 0.065 0.4 5..050 0..04 3.16 0....16 0.15 10...56 0..050 0...

8 16.1 3.3 0.6 0.6 4..7 38.6 0.9 41.6 0.3 0.4 49.3 29.6 0.3 0.3 0.7 28.8 39.3 0.6 0..7 20.3 0.9 3.3 54..6 48.3 0.2 25..5 9.5 20.3 48.5 17.1 22.9 50.6 4.3 0.6 0.5 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 0.3 15.2 33.6 11.6 30.3 0.3 0.3 0.5 44.3 0.9 4.6 0.1 10.6 4.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 35.6 0.6 9.6 4.7 50.9 57.2 15 18..5 2.6 0.3 2.6 0.5 9.3 2.6 0.6 0.5 38.7 36.3 0.6 43.5 50.5 70..2 39.6 4.6 44.3 33.5 61 57 61 66..6 0.2 29.1 3.3 0.3 0.3 2..6 0.2 28.3 0.1 3.6 7.8 43.5 35.6 4.3 0.3 0..2 34.6 4.3 0.3 0.6 0.6 54..1 3.3 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.5 84.6 0.1 3..5 12.5 6.9 3..1 3.2 28.6 0.7 12.5 38.1 56 56 57.3 2.9 3.1 3..2 17...3 0.2 44 44 44 50.3 0.2 34.6 70.5 34.6 12.2 7.1 49.5 1.3 24..1 3.3 0.6 0. 4 2 Recommendations Page .4 39.3 0..3 0.5 40.2 24.7 47 47 47 53 53 53 60 60 60 66 66 66 80 – – – – – – 2.9 3.6 63.5 70..8 54.3 0.3 2.6 6.3 0...1 3.6 0.5 2.6 0.5 1.8 57.5 2.1 25 30 35 40 45 50 63 .3 2.6 6.1 3.6 0.3 3.2 8 8 10.9 3.6 0.4 49.4 18.3 0.6 0...8 45 45 44.3 29.6 0.6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 da max Da max Da min ra max rb max 3.8 50.7 13.2 – – – – – – 1.7 24.3 0.1 3.6 0.3 0.5 2.5 2.2 – – – – – – 2.9 16.4 24.9 3.6 0.2 62.7 0.6 0.6 0.3 0.3 33.7 26 27.8 23.3 0..1 20.3 0.9 4.2 13.3 0.7 40.6 0.6 4.6 0.3 0.7 40.2 39.8 50.1 3.6 0.9 22.6 0.2 79.8 63.6 0.3 0.6 63.3 0.9 3.3 3.3 0.5 1.6 0.6 4.6 0.3 0.1 3.3 28.1 3...1 Product information Page .9 3.6 55.3 33.9 50.6 0.6 4.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.8 57.7 41.1 3.6 33.5 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2.5 54.3 28.3 0.9 3.9 3.9 19 19 22. 16 3 Product data rb ra Da da Da Dimensions d mm 4 5 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 8 10 10 13 16 18 22 22 25 25 29 29 35.3 0.6 0.8 6..4 20..3 0.9 36.8 39.7 66.6 0.3 0.1 3.3 38.3 0.6 0.3 0.6 0.2 39.6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 dk b b1 M r1 min r2 min Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm 5.9 33.1 22.6 14..

5 28......80 11..30 2....0 11.. 4 2 Recommendations Page .5 40. ES-2RS Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 245 245 315 315 315 400 400 400 490 490 490 610 610 610 655 655 655 950 950 950 1 080 1 080 1 080 1 370 1 370 1 530 1 530 2 120 2 120 2 320 2 550 3 050 3 550 3 800 1 220 1 220 1 560 1 560 1 560 2 000 2 000 2 000 2 450 2 450 2 450 3 050 3 050 3 050 3 250 3 250 3 250 4 750 4 750 4 750 5 400 5 400 5 400 6 800 6 800 7 650 7 650 10 600 10 600 11 600 12 700 15 300 18 000 19 000 C0 kg 1.5 65. ES Principal dimensions d mm 60 90 90 105 105 105 120 120 120 130 130 130 150 150 150 160 160 160 180 180 180 210 210 210 230 230 260 260 290 290 320 340 370 400 430 44 44 63 49 49 70 55 55 75 60 60 85 70 70 85 70 70 100 85 85 115 90 90 105 105 105 105 130 130 135 140 150 155 165 36 36 40 40 40 45 45 45 50 50 50 55 55 55 55 55 55 70 70 70 70 70 70 80 80 80 80 100 100 100 100 110 120 120 D B C Angle of tilt1) α degrees 6 6 17 6 6 16 6 5 14 5 5 15 7 6 13 6 6 12 6 6 16 7 7 8 8 6 6 7 7 8 8 7 6 7 GEH .55 3.. ES-2LS Designation Standard design Heavy duty2) design – GE 60 ES GE 60 ES-2RS GEH 60 ES-2RS GE 70 ES GE 70 ES-2RS GEH 70 ES-2RS GE 80 ES GE 80 ES-2RS GEH 80 ES-2RS GE 90 ES GE 90 ES-2RS GEH 90 ES-2RS GE 100 ES GE 100 ES-2RS GEH 100 ES-2RS GE 110 ES GE 110 ES-2RS GEH 110 ES-2RS GE 120 ES GE 120 ES-2RS GEH 120 ES-2RS GE 140 ES GE 140 ES-2RS GE 160 ES GE 160 ES-2RS GE 180 ES GE 180 ES-2RS GE 200 ES GE 200 ES-2RS GE 220 ES-2RS GE 240 ES-2RS GE 260 ES-2RS GE 280 ES-2RS GE 300 ES-2RS – GE 60 ES-2LS GEH 60 ES-2LS – GE 70 ES-2LS GEH 70 ES-2LS – GE 80 ES-2LS GEH 80 ES-2LS – GE 90 ES-2LS GEH 90 ES-2LS – GE 100 ES-2LS GEH 100 ES-2LS – GE 110 ES-2LS GEH 110 ES-2LS – GE 120 ES-2LS – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 70 80 90 100 110 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 1) 2) To fully utilize the angle of tilt.0 78.40 4.80 4.0 8..5 Mass GE ...80 4.5 18.0 14....0 51.40 1.40 6..10 1.55 1.30 4.10 2...40 2.10 2. the shaft shoulder should not be made larger than da max Bearings with outside diameter ≥ 150 mm have the multi-groove lubrication system in the outer ring as standard (➔ page 6) Bearings with outside diameter < 150 mm can also be supplied with multi-groove features....75 6. 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings d 60 – 300 mm α B C r2 r1 b M b1 d D dk GE .25 15.0 11..30 4. the designation then becomes GE ..1 Product information Page ...0 18. ESL-2LS 64 .0 14....25 8.75 2..0 28..0 35.

5 129.8 107.5 13.5 13..3 11.1 1.7 7.1 1.5 11.5 130 149 149 169.5 232.5 135..2 7.1 87..1 70 80 90 100 110 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 65 . 16 3 Product data rb ra Da da Da Dimensions d mm 60 80 80 92 92 92 105 105 105 115 115 115 130 130 130 140 140 140 160 160 160 180 180 180 200 200 225 225 250 250 275 300 325 350 375 6.5 129.5 15..5 11.5 222 222 250.5 169..5 13.5 13.3 11.5 15...7 7.5 15.5 143.5 13.5 15.1 1.5 15.3 112. 4 2 Recommendations Page ..3 11.7 7..5 11.5 191 191 212.5 13.7 7.9 78.5 202.5 344.2 6.8 113.5 309.7 92 87.4 99.5 13.5 336.5 13..5 250.5 329.5 273 294 314 66.5 15.1 87.5 13.5 109.5 244..4 92 104.5 15.7 9.2 143.1 1.4 112.1 1.1 98.2 99 99 99 113.5 11.1 1.5 131 141.3 11.5 13..5 123.5 15..5 11.1 118 118 119.5 371 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 da max Da max Da min ra max rb max 3.1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1..4 89...5 15.3 11..2 107.5 152 157.7 7.2 98.7 76.1 98.8 123.1 1.1 1.1 1.9 131 123.5 15.5 84.1 1.8 66.5 279..5 111.5 213.1 1.1 1..1 Product information Page .5 13..7 77.5 138.5 123.5 418.5 13..3 11.5 155.5 87.7 7.9 77...7 7.5 237.2 84.5 76 79.5 13.5 9.5 15.2 97.4 97.5 212.2 153.8 113.4 67 76.7 7.5 13.5 15..8 67 77.7 104.5 9.5 13.5 265 288 313.5 15..5 135.5 239..5 11.2 143.5 13.8 108.5 13.5 15.5 155.5 9.9 109.5 13.2 7.3 153 153 172 172 172 202.1 1.5 359 388.4 109.5 13.4 66.1 dk b b1 M r1 min r2 min Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm 66.5 133 141.2 6.5 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 7 7 7 7 7 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1.7 9.5 279.5 252.5 13.7 7.7 7.1 1..5 157.5 271 298 321.3 89.4 87..1 1.5 180 171 180 190 197 214 224.5 170 170 199 199 213.2 121 121 124.5 9.4 98.1 1.5 202.5 6.

020 0.1870 55.5000 1) To fully utilize the angle of tilt.500 2.013 3. ES Principal dimensions d mm/in 12....4690 14.0310 28.2500 34.5310 44.6870 42.4375 61.1875 61.3750 11.5310 38. inch sizes d 0.6 31.1875 80.9370 26.887 1.762 1.325 1...7650 22..6560 19.055 0.5 – 2.8750 47..64 0.1 Product information Page .5 42.438 2.625 1.450 1.4375 41.3120 38.050 0..6250 41.1250 28.12 0.050 0.850 1.8750 25.0930 30.762 1.225 0.150 2..100 0.875 0. ES-2RS Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 14 21..35 0.0625 31..575 1..8125 80.275 0.4370 13.5 86.150 1.5 65.8750 D B C Angle of tilt1) α GEZ .93 1.3120 33.275 1.7500 19.662 0.8750 26.85 – GEZ 008 ES GEZ 010 ES GEZ 012 ES GEZ 014 ES GEZ 100 ES GEZ 100 ES-2RS GEZ 104 ES GEZ 104 ES-2RS GEZ 106 ES GEZ 106 ES-2RS GEZ 108 ES GEZ 108 ES-2RS GEZ 112 ES GEZ 112 ES-2RS GEZ 200 ES GEZ 200 ES-2RS GEZ 204 ES GEZ 204 ES-2RS GEZ 208 ES GEZ 208 ES-2RS Mass Designation degrees 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 31.5000 15.3750 38.42 0..2500 36..100 1.5625 90.8750 27.925 1.6250 19..12 0.5 104 104 125 125 170 170 224 224 280 280 345 345 41.1870 9.325 1.450 1.013 1. 4 2 Recommendations Page .438 2.150 1.1250 33.0310 26.700 0.0930 27.5000 44.9690 50.488 3.513 1.9375 11.30 1.7500 22.050 0..9370 23..5625 100.0000 57.325 1.9375 100.750 1.8750 22.894 0.23 0..800 2.225 0.085 0.187 1..988 1.035 0.100 1..3120 33.3120 38.35 0.2500 63.8125 71.9690 55.23 0.0000 55.913 0.662 0.575 1.1870 30.013 3.6250 50..963 3.750 1.850 1.225 0..1875 90.5 in α B C r2 r1 D dk d b M b1 GEZ .800 0..100 1.488 3.400 1.225 0..913 2.7500 44.85 1.7500 23.625 1.5 56 56 86.7500 50..7500 50..4375 71.42 0.563 2.5000 42..0000 50.5620 16.800 0.5000 38.913 2..275 1.887 1.64 0.800 2.5470 16.1875 55.800 2.93 0.1870 33.6870 47..550 2.563 2.30 1.325 1.450 1.0000 22.550 2.963 3.525 0..6560 19.5 93 127 166 166 260 260 310 310 375 375 510 510 670 670 850 850 1 040 1 040 C0 kg 0.013 1. the shaft shoulder should not be made larger than da max 66 . 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings.187 1.431 0.

039 1 0.039 1 0.235 82.142 29 1.795 45.3 2.3 1.3 2.197 5 0.15 0.197 34.1 1..024 0.3 0.039 1 0.059 2.2 1.6 0.6 0.039 1 0.3750 38.9 2..039 1 0.024 0..039 1 0.571 18.6 0.012 0.1 3.9 2.024 0.3 2.024 0.024 1 0.3 2.039 1 0.158 4 0.024 1 0.2 0.654 67.024 0.5000 44..654 75.7 2.6 0.197 5 0.024 0.8750 25.098 2.3 0..299 37.039 dk b b1 M r1 min r2 min Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm/in 13.795 49.197 5 0.7 0.024 0.6 0.6 0.881 2.8 0.5000 67 .996 50.006 0.189 4.1 2.709 43.039 1 0.5 0.118 3 0.3 1..3 0.006 0.6 0.6 0.039 1 0.158 4 0.. 16 3 Product data rb ra Da da Da Dimensions d mm/in 12.728 17.189 4.858 25.6 0.118 3 0.158 4 0.039 1 0.854 26.126 3.280 65.197 5 0.669 20.256 0.006 0.6 0.075 79 3.039 1 0.039 1 0.189 4.15 0.189 4.155 63.8 0.413 69.8 1.732 69..024 0.024 0.186 3.2 1.024 0.6 0.158 4 0.197 5 0.315 1.909 48.386 43..186 3.6 0.783 23.158 4 0.409 87 3.024 0.3 0.3 2..118 3 0.854 52 2.593 1.937 49.4 1.6 0.098 2.5 1.567 72.9 2.2 1.2 0.024 0.039 1 0.024 0.039 1 0.9 2.370 34.5 0.024 0.012 0..3 3.158 4 0.515 63.5 0..6 0.593 1.929 28.7 2.006 0.1 Product information Page .155 54.850 51.7 3.189 4.4 2.197 5 0.7 1.047 52.823 24...158 4 0.630 41.8 0.425 0.5 0.197 5 0.098 4 0.158 4 0.098 2.5 1.024 0.7 1.256 6.737 2.3 0.080 31.039 1 0.630 48.024 0.5000 15.039 1 0.839 47.280 57.0000 18.7500 22..4 1.3 0.126 3.5 0..189 5.2 2.6 3.6 0..024 0.515 73.024 0.5 1.7 0.039 da max Da max Da min ra max rb max 3.4 1.7 1.059 60.450 1.126 4.719 22.737 2.283 67.6 0.6 0.15 0.689 68.7 2.024 0.197 5 0.235 91.6 0.197 5 0.283 58 2.8 0.118 5 0.1 31.225 0.835 0.024 0.909 55..158 6.3 0.4 2.197 8 0.6 0.1 1.8 1.024 0.012 0.024 0..6250 19.750 1.158 4 0.2500 63.5 1.5 1.4 2.8 0.764 46.039 1 0.024 0.028 30.039 1 0.7 1.700 0.881 2.189 4.500 38.6 0.9 0.110 86.3 2.437 45.988 75.8 0.039 1 0.709 50.590 91.169 3.083 34.4 1.875 82..039 1 0.0000 57.126 3.4 1.531 38.6 0....4 1.9 1.114 33 1.875 73.953 27.850 47 1.3 0.158 4 0.875 0.590 2.024 0.358 85.5 0.169 61.6 0.024 0.039 1 0.846 19.7 1.025 2..8 0.7 1.012 0.197 5 0.039 1 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.3 0.953 1.039 1 0.039 1 0.425 38.2 0.6 0.142 36.484 47 1.189 4.429 61.6 0.432 1.500 41.012 0.5 0.6 0.035 58 2.2 1.8 0.7 0.263 0.039 1 0.720 78.437 36.7500 50.925 1.1 0.039 1 0.024 0.728 94.996 57.539 17 0.039 1 0.390 61.6 0.8 0.000 29 1.429 68.150 2.012 0.1 1.083 27.039 1 0.800 2.5 0.012 0.689 14. 4 2 Recommendations Page .158 4 0.098 3 0.197 5 0.8 0.012 0.500 2.531 43.370 38.7 0.169 55.2500 34.5 1..8 0.035 51.039 1 0.3 3.400 1.024 0.9 1.1 2.484 37.899 27.039 1 0.118 3 0..6 0.315 8 0..039 1 0.6 0.705 44.2 0.126 3.224 5.713 21.8 1.2 0..937 54.050 0.358 94.7 2.039 1 0.1 1.6 0.098 2.425 36.846 72.024 0.7 3.7 2.5 0.681 21.100 1.169 3.15 0.258 36.1 2.039 1 0.6 0.567 65.189 4.988 85.366 35.2 1.102 3.025 2.354 9 0.2 2.039 1 0.354 2.9 0.224 9 0.039 1 0.039 1 0.2 0.189 4.

.5 – GEZ 212 ES GEZ 212 ES-2RS GEZ 300 ES GEZ 300 ES-2RS GEZ 304 ES GEZ 304 ES-2RS GEZ 308 ES GEZ 308 ES-2RS GEZ 312 ES GEZ 312 ES-2RS GEZ 400 ES GEZ 400 ES-2RS GEZ 408 ES GEZ 408 ES-2RS GEZ 412 ES GEZ 412 ES-2RS GEZ 500 ES GEZ 500 ES-2RS GEZ 600 ES GEZ 600 ES-2RS Mass Designation degrees 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 76.8120 76.3750 111.650 4.725 3.6250 66...200 3.1560 111.8750 149.337 3.900 2.9370 100 3.7500 127 5..1250 130.5000 120.7500 104.3750 196.1560 105.475 3.4370 66.675 2.675 2.900 3.5000 139.5620 95.0000 152.562 4..75 – 6 in α B C r2 r1 D dk d b M b1 GEZ .6250 71.. ES-2RS Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 425 425 500 500 585 585 680 680 780 780 900 900 1 120 1 120 1 250 1 250 1 400 1 400 1 730 1 730 1 270 1 270 1 500 1 500 1 760 1 760 2 040 2 040 2 360 2 360 2 650 2 650 3 400 3 400 3 750 3 750 4 150 4 150 5 200 5 200 C0 kg 2..400 6.850 2.7500 130.900 2.7500 111.650 4..250 3.250 8.80 3.5620 90.7500 52.8440 72.80 11.562 4.1250 104..7500 61.0620 57.0000 1) To fully utilize the angle of tilt.2810 88.5000 149.8750 158.7500 196.80 4.10 3.7500 120. 4 2 Recommendations Page .250 8.150 2.0000 82.6250 66.7500 101.00 7.80 4.8120 71.2500 61.1 Product information Page .3750 187.725 3. the shaft shoulder should not be made larger than da max 68 .3750 85.475 3.700 5...112 2.900 3..200 3..9370 105.850 7.600 4.2810 83..775 4.112 2.4060 61.3750 120.80 5..4060 66.5 17.8440 77.4370 61.700 5.375 2.2500 57.7500 95.5 13.80 5.175 5.238 2.200 3..80 7.2500 177.650 4.0000 76.7500 120.775 4. 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings.650 4.850 7..1250 139.125 4.800 7..250 3.3750 120.40 3.775 3.0620 83.5000 88. inch sizes d 2.40 2.250 3..425 2..0000 187.1250 D B C Angel of tilt1) α GEZ .150 2...325 7.6250 72..675 2.2500 88.675 2.750 6.750 6..0620 77.5000 100 3.3750 111..5 11.337 3.775 3.125 4.800 7.80 9.0000 177.425 2.300 4.5000 95..225 5..650 4. ES Principal dimensions d mm/in 69.10 3.225 5.325 7.2500 158.5 13.125 4.0000 114.550 3.7500 222...7500 222..375 2.5 17.0000 85.125 4.00 9.900 3.3750 90.0620 52.238 2.175 5.

039 1 0.300 4.5 5.394 10 0.6 0.5 4.024 0.024 0.6 0.252 122.039 1 0.0000 82.591 8 0.004 171 6.339 161 6.394 10 0.315 8 0.906 5.421 86.6 0...5 0.787 122.5 4.024 0.6 0.3 0.433 11 0.5 0.354 9 0.156 9 0.354 9.079 129 5. 16 3 Product data rb ra Da da Da Dimensions d mm/in 69.315 8 0.528 115 4.024 0.134 79.315 8 0.614 168 6.039 1 0.040 136.591 15 0.6 4.6 0.039 1 0.024 0.433 11 0.050 5.6 3.355 6..315 8 0.5 0.626 7.354 9 0. 4 2 Recommendations Page .315 10 0.433 15 0.441 114.024 0.6 0.906 5.1 5.024 0.825 182.256 6.9 2.043 1..047 179 7.825 173.138 130..024 0.039 1 0.039 1 0..525 4.1 0.5 5.5 0.268 133.276 115.6 0.162 8.1 0.750 164.276 108.4 4.4 3.8 4.039 1 0.614 105.5 6.315 8 0.0000 69 .898 124.5 8.555 173.043 dk b b1 M r1 min r2 min Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm/in 74.600 4.039 1 0.6 4.5 6.709 101..949 74.039 1 0.949 81..050 5.039 1 0.394 11 0.268 143.156 207.122 131.256 8 0.5 0.047 188.732 171 6.039 1 0..1 Product information Page .039 1 0.5 0.138 137.394 10 0.5 7.675 118.421 188.039 1 0.039 1 0.756 197.039 1 0.1 0.039 1 0.394 10 0.745 4.5 4.094 104.4 3.413 10.0000 114.8 4.004 101.256 6.315 8 0.339 79.024 0.6 0.039 1 0.043 1.3 3.394 10 0.7500 127 5..6 3.024 0.039 1 0.5 0.039 1 0.950 100.5 0.390 146.823 122.039 1 0..7500 101.315 8 0.024 0.190 207.5 6.6 0.5 0.024 0.4 4..6 0.433 11 0.1 0.433 11 0.433 11 0.039 1 0.039 1 0.256 6.366 9.634 143.039 1 0.039 1 0.465 88 3.079 135.181 165 6.525 4.400 6.004 152..039 1 0.8 5.2 3.043 1.250 3.3 0.1 5..413 10.850 2.5 5.465 6.626 7.5 5.043 1..394 10 0.475 173.6 0..256 6..024 0.5 0.315 8 0.6 4.5 6.413 10.413 10.528 124.039 1 0..039 1 0.161 115 4.5 4..043 1.909 197 7.724 101.550 3.433 6.390 136.472 139.9 3.433 11 0.6 0.1 0.8 5.6 0.5000 120..413 137.5 5.9 3.2 3.315 0.315 8 0.1 0.6 0.675 128.634 152.984 108 4.724 94.335 161 6.745 4.5 0.6 3..689 168 6.5 0.024 1 0.6 0.1 0.039 1 0..5 6..689 144.5 0.7500 100.134 86.173 139 5.465 6.315 8 0.6 0.2 4.024 0.024 0.315 8 0.6 0.039 1 0.413 11 0.413 10.252 108 4.6 3.355 6.039 1 0.039 1 0.200 3.7 4.780 104 4.330 3.315 8 0.024 0.256 6.5 5.5 0.162 8.465 94.421 94.315 8 0.256 6.831 175.496 121.016 5..040 128..4 5.039 1 0.256 6.205 81.315 8 0.496 166.5 0.312 109.984 101.6 0.039 1 0.039 1 0.256 6.709 94.7 4.9 2..039 1 0.039 1 0.024 0.039 1 0.413 144.039 1 0.5 8.6 0.835 130.898 133.190 182.315 8 0.004 108..024 0.406 95.8 4.6 0.5 0.650 4.950 109.900 3.161 157 6.5 7.1 5.475 164.024 0.732 179 7.5 5.024 0.366 10.547 130.024 0.043 1.043 1.6 0..776 0.5000 95.406 213.315 8 0.394 10 0.354 9 0.1 76.039 1 0.5 5.7 4.039 da max Da max Da min ra max rb max 3.039 1 0.039 1 0.6 0.039 1 0.823 129 5.161 105.315 8 0.6 0.335 135.016 5.421 213.5 7.6 0.752 96 3.039 1 0.330 3.312 118.039 1.750 146.5 5.039 1 0.2 3.1 0.256 6.7 4.0000 152.5 6.2500 88.205 88 3.547 115.492 156.2 3.315 8 0.024 0.039 1 0.126 112.039 1 0.024 1 0.

. ES Principal dimensions d mm 12 16 20 25 30 32 35 40 45 50 60 63 70 80 100 125 160 200 22 28 35 35 42 42 47 52 55 62 62 68 75 75 90 95 105 120 120 150 180 230 290 12 16 20 24 25 29 30 32 35 38 40 40 43 50 54 63 65 74 80 100 125 160 200 7 9 12 12 16 16 18 18 20 22 22 25 28 28 36 36 40 45 45 55 70 80 100 D B C Angle of tilt α degrees 4 4 4 6 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 GEM ....60 0. ES-2RS Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 10.34 0..13 0....1 Product information Page ..0 – GEG 12 ESA2) GEG 16 ES GEG 20 ES GEM 20 ES-2RS GEG 25 ES GEM 25 ES-2RS GEM 30 ES-2RS GEG 32 ES GEM 35 ES-2RS GEM 40 ES-2RS GEG 40 ES GEM 45 ES-2RS GEM 50 ES-2RS GEG 50 ES GEM 60 ES-2RS GEG 63 ES GEM 70 ES-2RS GEM 80 ES-2RS GEG 80 ES GEG 100 ES GEG 125 ES GEG 160 ES GEG 200 ES Mass Designation1) 1) 2) Bearings with outside diameters 150 mm have the multi-groove lubrication system in the outer ring sliding contact surface as standard (➔ page 6) Can only be relubricated via the outer ring 70 .13 0..020 0..80 8..25 0.035 0.5 80 100 100 127 156 156 245 255 315 400 400 610 950 1 370 2 120 54 88 146 146 240 240 310 325 400 500 500 640 780 780 1 220 1 270 1 560 2 000 2 000 3 050 4 750 6 800 10 600 C0 kg 0. 4 2 Recommendations Page . 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings with extended inner ring d 12 – 200 mm B C r2 r1 b1 d d1 b M α D dk GEG .17 0.8 17..15 1...25 1.56 1..17 0...49 0..50 2.50 16.073 0..35 0...5 32.40 4...6 30 30 48 48 62 65....65 2....070 0.

5 29 34 38 40 45 46 52 57 57 68 71.6 0.1 3.1 Product information Page .7 36..6 0.6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 da max Da max Da min ra max rb max 3.6 0.6 0.5 1.9 92 104.6 0.4 69.5 20 25 24 30.2 28..9 3.5 50.6 1 1 1 1 1.3 0.7 110.1 3.9 3.5 35.2 62.5 15.1 dk d1 b b1 M r1 min r2 min Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm 14.2 172 222 279.6 0..3 0.3 0.6 1 1 1 1 1 0.1 0.8 44 44..3 40.3 0.1 3.3 0.1 3...6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1..3 33.9 4.7 123.8 63.6 30.3 0. 16 3 Product data rb ra Da da Dimensions d mm 12 16 20 25 30 32 35 40 45 50 60 63 70 80 100 125 160 200 18 23 29 29 35.1 3.9 27.7 86.3 0.2 39..9 3.1 3.9 48.7 11.6 4.3 13.3 0.5 172 213 15.5 84.5 13...6 0.9 3.6 0.5 13.6 0.5 78 90 91 113 138 177 221 2.6 0.1 3.6 0.6 6.1 136.7 43 47 53 53 60 66 66 80 83 92 105 105 130 160 200 250 15.6 0.3 38.3 0.6 0.7 78.3 33.2 6..1 71 ..1 3..6 1 0.1 23 29.6 4.2 6.8 113.3 0.5 1.5 29 34 38 40 45 46 52 57 57 68 71.2 7.3 0.6 4.5 17..3 0.3 0.3 0.5 15...1 3.9 57.9 41..3 0.9 4.6 0.1 50..1 3...2 89.3 0.5 2..3 3.7 75.5 2 2 2 2 2 2. 4 2 Recommendations Page .6 4.9 65.5 – 2.5 152 190 237.4 99.8 49.7 7.8 143.9 3.5 40.1 21.6 6.5 20 25 24 30..5 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 5 6 6 7 0.6 0..5 2.7 79.2 99 113.5 54.3 0..7 23.7 11.3 2.5 36.8 57.6 54.3 0.6 0.5 78 90 91 113 138 177 221 20.3 0.6 0..7 7.3 0..2 39.6 70.5 2.3 61 66.5 0.9 33.3 13.6 0.7 7.4 26.9 3.2 7..6 0.7 7.6 1 0.8 55.3 3.1 88.6 0..5 18.6 0.2 44 48.6 0.5 70.2 33.

. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings SKF maintenance-free spherical plain bearings are produced in a variety of designs and a wide range of sizes.. 72 . for the double-lip rubbing seals... The sliding contact surface of the inner rings of series GEC and GEP bearings are coated with a lithium base grease....... suffix C • steel/PTFE fabric. The designs used depend on size and series. suffix TX • steel/PTFE composite...... sliding layer and. are listed in Matrix 1 ... outer ring... suffix F The different designs of SKF maintenance-free spherical plain bearings are presented in Matrix 1 . Materials The materials for inner ring.. 4 2 Recommendations Page .. Three sliding contact surface combinations are available: • steel/sinter bronze composite... where applicable...1 Product information Page . the main differences being in the material or in the design of the outer ring....

ground. pressed over the inner ring. sliding surface polished Series GEP and GEC Carbon chromium steel 100 Cr 6/ 1. Series GEC: Unhardened heat treatable steel C35/1... A liner of glass fibre reinforced plastic containing PTFE is glued in position in each outer ring half. radially split.2 Series GEP and GEC Series GEP: unhardened heat treatable steel C35/1. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings Matrix 1 Sliding contact surface combination Steel/sinter bronze composite 1 2 3 4 Steel/PTFE fabric Steel/PTFE composite 1 2 3 4 Liner 1 2 3 4 PTFE Tin bronze Copper layer Sheet steel backing 1 2 3 4 PTFE fibres Reinforcement fibres Resin Backing Glass fibre reinforced plastic containing PTFE Inner ring C and CJ2 designs Through hardened and ground steel.... hardened.0501.0501..4034. which is pinned and screwed together with the outer ring.. sliding surface of series GEP hard chromium plated 3.... held together by one or two steel bands TXE: fractured at one point TXG3A design Stainless steel X 46 Cr 13/1.4034.. split two-piece.3505. without a butt joint. ground.. sliding surface hard chromium plated and polished TXG3E and TXG3A designs Stainless steel X 46 Cr 13/1. hardened.4057. held together by one steel band TXGR design d ≤ 17 mm: unhardened stainless steel X 22 CrNi 17/1. ground.. TXA and TXE designs Through hardened and ground steel TXA: split two-piece.... hardened. ground. With sliding discs made of glass fibre reinforced plastic containing PTFE held by a cage made of unhardened steel C35/1. Outer ring C design Sinter bronze composite moulded around the inner ring.0501. 4 2 Recommendations Page . ground... ground.1 Product information Page .. hardened.. sliding surface hard chromium plated and polished TXA and TXE designs Through hardened and ground steel.. fractured at one position Seals To order Bearings with designation suffix 2RS or 2LS (depending on bearing size) have double or triple lip seals on both sides None RS LS Permissible: –50 to +180 °C For short periods: to +280 °C Bearings without seals: Permissible: –50 to +150 °C Sealed bearings: Permissible: –30 to +130 °C RS –25 to +120 °C LS Reduced carrying capacity above 60 °C for both sealed and unsealed bearings The bearings must not be lubricated Permissible: –40 to +75 °C For short periods: to +110 °C Operating temperature range °C Reduced carrying capacity above 80 °C Reduced carrying capacity above 50 °C Lubrication To enhance sealing and protect against corrosion the free space in the housing may be filled with grease Occasional relubrication is beneficial and extends service life 73 ... no butt joint d ≥ 20 mm: hardened stainless steel X 46 Cr 13/1. with a butt joint CJ2 design Unhardened free cutting steel with sliding sleeve of sinter bronze composite pressed around the inner ring.....4034..

. they are in accordance to ISO 12240/1:1998.. D over mm 18 30 50 80 120 150 180 250 315 400 500 630 incl..... 4 Dimensions The dimensions of the maintenancefree spherical plain bearings conform to ISO 12240-1:1998.. For these bearings... and also only the permissible upper limit for the frictional moment depending on the preload in the circumferential direction under measuring load. if the load carrying capacity of the bearings is fully exploited the temperature range is narrowed.. Under normal loads it is possible to operate at temperatures above the upper limit for brief periods.. only the permissible maximum limit for bearing clearance is given in the table.1 Product information Page ... d nominal bore diameter ∆dmp deviation of the mean bore diameter from the nominal D nominal outside diameter ∆Dmp deviation of the mean outside diameter from the nominal ∆Bs deviation of single inner ring width from the nominal ∆Cs deviation of single outer ring width from the nominal Radial internal clearance.. 74 .. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings Table 1 Nominal diameter d.... The symbols used are explained in the following. Inner ring ∆dmp high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – –8 –10 –12 –15 –20 –25 –25 –30 –35 –40 –45 –50 –75 –100 –125 – – ∆Bs high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – –120 –120 –120 –150 –200 –250 –250 –300 –350 –400 –450 –500 –750 –1 000 –1 250 – – Outer ring ∆Dmp high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –8 –9 –11 –13 –15 –18 –25 –30 –35 –40 –45 –50 –75 –100 –125 –160 –200 ∆Cs high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 –240 –240 –240 –300 –400 –500 –500 –600 –700 –800 –900 –1 000 –1 100 –1 200 –1 300 –1 600 –2 000 18 30 50 80 120 150 180 250 315 400 500 630 800 800 1 000 1 000 1 250 1 250 1 600 1 600 2 000 Tolerances of maintenance-free radial bearings Permissible operating temperature range The permissible operating temperature range of maintenance-free spherical plain bearings depends on the sliding contact surface combination and also on the polyester elastomer material of the seals (➔ Matrix 1 ). preload Maintenance free spherical plain bearings with a bore diameter up to and including 90 mm may have an internal clearance or a slight preload (negative clearance) because of their design. The radial internal clearance and the upper limit of the permissible frictional moment of bearings with the sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite and steel/PTFE fabric are given in Table 2 . The values for the clearance limits of bearings with the sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite are listed in Table 3 ....... 2 Recommendations Page .. However. Tolerances The tolerances to which maintenancefree radial spherical plain bearings are made are given in Table 1 .... therefore.

TXG3A...1 Product information Page ....75 0...40 0.2 Internal clearance for steel/PTFE composite bearings Bore diameter d over incl.. CJ2 Internal Frictional clearance moment max max µm 28 35 35 44 53 53 53 53 53 – – – – – Nm 0. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free radial spherical plain bearings Table 2 Bore diameter d over mm 12 17 20 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 90 140 180 300 incl...75 0.25 0... TXGR.. Series GE .75 0.75 0...15 0. mm 90 120 220 240 280 300 360 380 400 480 500 600 630 670 750 800 950 1 000 120 220 240 280 300 360 380 400 480 500 600 630 670 750 800 950 1 000 1 250 Radial internal clearance Series GEP Series GEC min max min max µm 85 100 110 110 135 135 135 135 145 145 160 160 170 170 170 195 195 – 285 355 365 380 415 490 490 510 540 570 610 640 670 670 700 770 820 – – – – – – 135 135 135 145 145 160 160 170 170 170 195 195 220 – – – – – 600 630 630 640 640 670 670 690 760 760 800 800 820 Table 3 75 .... 4 Internal clearance and frictional moment of steel/sinter bronze composite and steel/PTFE fabric bearings 2 Recommendations Page .... TXG3E Internal clearance min max µm – – – – – – – – – – – 50 50 80 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 130 140 190 12 17 20 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 90 140 180 3.25 0.. C... TXA......75 – – – – – GE . TXE..

.16 3..5 51 51 65..012 0...065 0.16 0...020 0.85 8.10 Mass GEH .4 11.4 22... CJ2 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 2.032 0..4 18 18 22.6 5..4 31.12 0...050 0.. 4 2 Recommendations Page . C Principal dimensions d mm 4 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 12 14 16 19 22 22 26 26 30 30 35 35 42 42 47 47 55 62 68 75 90 5 6 8 9 12 10 15 12 16 14 20 16 25 20 28 22 25 28 32 35 44 3 4 5 6 7 7 9 9 10 10 12 12 16 16 18 18 20 22 25 28 36 D B C Angle of tilt1) α degrees 16 13 15 12 18 10 18 8 16 10 19 9 17 7 17 6 6 7 7 6 6 GE .5 28..32 0.003 0...5 80 100 127 156 245 5..23 0. the shaft shoulder should not be made larger than da max 76 . 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite d 4 – 60 mm B C r2 r1 α D dk d GE .46 0..6 28.16 0.....030 0.090 0...5 45 45 56 56 78 78 127 127 166 166 200 250 320 390 610 C0 kg 0.4 9 14.050 0.5 65.... C Designation – GE 4 C GE 6 C GE 8 C GE 10 C GEH 10 C GE 12 C GEH 12 C GE 15 C GEH 15 C GE 17 C GEH 17 C GE 20 C GEH 20 C GE 25 C GEH 25 C GE 30 C GE 35 CJ2 GE 40 CJ2 GE 45 CJ2 GE 50 CJ2 GE 60 CJ2 1) To fully utilize the angle of tilt.5 31.004 0.56 1...008 0.017 0.20 0.6 21.65 11..1 Product information Page .

1 Product information
Page ................ 4

2 Recommendations
Page .............. 16

3 Product data

rb ra

Da

da

Dimensions d mm 4 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 8 10 13 16 18 18 22 22 25 25 29 29 35,5 35,5 40,7 40,7 47 53 60 66 80 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 1 1 1 1 dk r1 min r2 min

Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm da max Da max Da min ra max rb max

3.2
5,4 7,4 9,4 11,5 11,6 13,5 13,7 16,6 16,7 18,7 18,9 21,8 22,1 27,7 27,9 32,8 37,9 42,9 48,7 53,9 65,4 6,2 8 10,2 13,2 13,4 15 16,1 18,4 19,2 20,7 21 24,2 25,2 29,3 29,5 34,2 39,8 45 50,8 56 66,8 10,7 12,7 14,6 17,6 20,6 20,6 24,5 24,5 28,5 28,5 33,4 33,4 39,5 39,5 44,4 44,4 51,4 58,3 64,2 71,1 85,8 7,6 9,5 12,3 15,2 17,1 17,1 20,9 20,9 23,7 23,7 27,6 27,6 33,7 33,7 38,7 38,7 44,7 50,4 57 62,7 76 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 1 1 1 1

77

1 Product information
Page ................ 4

2 Recommendations
Page .............. 16

3 Product data
Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric d 12 – 140 mm

B r2 C

α

r1

D dk

d

GE .. TX Principal dimensions d mm 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 140
1)

GE .. TX(G3)E-2LS Angle of tilt1) C α degrees Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 30 47,5 60 83 137 137 176 176 224 224 280 280 360 360 440 440 695 695 880 880 1 140 1 140 1 370 1 370 1 730 1 730 1 860 1 860 2 700 2 700 3 000 3 000 50 80 100 140 228 228 290 290 375 375 465 465 600 600 735 735 1 160 1 160 1 460 1 460 1 900 1 900 2 320 2 320 2 850 2 850 3 100 3 100 4 500 4 500 5 000 5 000 C0

GE .. TX(G3)A-2LS(-2RS) Mass Designation

D

B

kg 0,017 0,032 0,050 0,065 0,12 0,12 0,16 0,16 0,23 0,23 0,32 0,32 0,46 0,46 0,56 0,56 1,10 1,10 1,55 1,55 2,30 2,30 2,75 2,75 4,40 4,40 4,80 4,80 8,25 8,25 11,0 11,0

– GE 12 TXGR GE 15 TXGR GE 17 TXGR GE 20 TXG3E GE 25 TXE-2LS GE 25 TXG3E-2LS GE 30 TXE-2LS GE 30 TXG3E-2LS GE 35 TXE-2LS GE 35 TXG3E-2LS GE 40 TXE-2LS GE 40 TXG3E-2LS GE 45 TXE-2LS GE 45 TXG3E-2LS GE 50 TXE-2LS GE 50 TXG3E-2LS GE 60 TXE-2LS GE 60 TXG3E-2LS GE 70 TXE-2LS GE 70 TXG3A-2LS GE 80 TXE-2LS GE 80 TXG3A-2LS GE 90 TXE-2LS GE 90 TXG3A-2LS GE 100 TXA-2LS GE 100 TXG3A-2LS GE 110 TXA-2LS GE 110 TXG3A-2LS GE 120 TXA-2LS GE 120 TXG3A-2LS GE 140 TXA-2RS GE 140 TXG3A-2RS

22 26 30 35 42 42 47 47 55 55 62 62 68 68 75 75 90 90 105 105 120 120 130 130 150 150 160 160 180 180 210 210

10 12 14 16 20 20 22 22 25 25 28 28 32 32 35 35 44 44 49 49 55 55 60 60 70 70 70 70 85 85 90 90

7 9 10 12 16 16 18 18 20 20 22 22 25 25 28 28 36 36 40 40 45 45 50 50 55 55 55 55 70 70 70 70

10 8 10 9 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 7 7

To fully utilize the angle of tilt, the shaft shoulder should not be made larger than da max

78

1 Product information
Page ................ 4

2 Recommendations
Page .............. 16

3 Product data

rb ra

Da

da

Da

Dimensions d mm 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 140 18 22 25 29 35,5 35,5 40,7 40,7 47 47 53 53 60 60 66 66 80 80 92 92 105 105 115 115 130 130 140 140 160 160 180 180 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 dk r1 min r2 min

Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm da max Da max Da min ra max rb max

3.2
13,8 16,9 19 22,1 28,2 28,2 33,3 33,3 38,5 38,5 43,5 43,5 49,5 49,5 54,5 54,5 66,5 66,5 76,5 76,5 87 87 97,5 97,5 108 108 118 118 130 130 149 149 15 18,4 20,7 24,2 29,3 29,3 34,2 34,2 39,8 39,8 45 45 50,8 50,8 56 56 66,8 66,8 77,9 77,9 89,4 89,4 98,1 98,1 109,5 109,5 121 121 135,5 135,5 155,5 155,5 20,4 24,3 28,3 33,2 39,2 39,2 44 44 51 51 57,5 57,5 63,5 63,5 70,5 70,5 84 84 99 99 113 113 123 123 144 144 153 153 172 172 202 202 17,1 20,9 23,7 27,6 36,9 36,9 41,3 41,3 48,5 48,5 54,5 54,5 61 61 66,5 66,5 80 80 92 92 105 105 113 113 131 131 141,5 141,5 157,5 157,5 180 180 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,3 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

79

16 3 Product data Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric d 160 – 300 mm D dk d Principal dimensions d mm 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 230 230 260 260 290 290 320 340 370 400 430 105 105 105 105 130 130 135 140 150 155 165 80 80 80 80 100 100 100 100 110 120 120 D B C Angle of tilt1) α degrees 8 8 6 6 7 7 8 8 7 6 7 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 3 800 3 800 4 300 4 300 6 000 6 000 6 550 7 200 8 650 10 000 10 800 6 400 6 400 7 200 7 200 10 000 10 000 11 000 12 000 14 300 16 600 18 000 C0 Mass Designation kg 14...5 65..0 78.0 28...0 14.0 51.5 40..........5 18......5 28..1 Product information Page ..0 18.0 35...5 – GE 160 TXA-2RS GE 160 TXG3A-2RS GE 180 TXA-2RS GE 180 TXG3A-2RS GE 200 TXA-2RS GE 200 TXG3A-2RS GE 220 TXA-2RS GE 240 TXA-2RS GE 260 TXA-2RS GE 280 TXA-2RS GE 300 TXA-2RS 1) To fully utilize the angle of tilt.. the shaft shoulder should not be made larger than da max 80 .. 4 B C r2 r1 α 2 Recommendations Page ....

.1 1.5 239..5 265 288 313.1 1.5 213.2 170 170 191 191 213 213 233 253 273 294 314 170 170 199 199 213..5 336. 16 3 Product data rb ra Da da Dimensions d mm 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 200 200 225 225 250 250 275 300 325 350 375 1 1 1.1 1..1 1...1 1.1 1..1 1.1 1...1 1..5 224.1 1.5 344.1 1..1 1.1 1...1 Product information Page .5 222 222 250 250 279 279 309 329 359 388 418 197 197 224.5 371 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 81 .1 1.1 1.5 244...5 244. 4 2 Recommendations Page .......1 dk r1 min r2 min Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm da max Da max Da min ra max rb max 3....1 1 1 1..5 271 298 321....1 1.

. FSA Angle of tilt1) Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 600 720 850 1 200 1 600 2 080 2 450 3 050 3 550 4 250 5 000 5 600 2 800 6 400 2 900 7 100 3 100 8 150 3 900 9 150 4 050 9 650 4 250 10 600 5 200 12 200 5 400 12 900 6 000 14 300 900 1 080 1 270 1 800 2 400 3 100 3 650 4 550 5 400 6 400 7 500 8 300 4 150 9 650 4 400 10 800 4 650 12 200 5 850 13 700 6 100 14 600 6 400 16 000 7 800 18 600 8 150 19 600 9 000 21 200 C0 kg 4.5 45..6 24.5 89.5 110 73..96 13...1 Product information Page . the shaft shoulder should not be made larger than da max 82 ..0 135 77.51 5. 16 b M r2 b1 r1 3 Product data Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite d 100 – 480 mm B C α D dk d GEP ..7 69..4 33...0 16....0 150 80..........35 7..8 53.. 4 2 Recommendations Page ..0 200 120 220 125 275 130 300 180 360 190 380 220 435 – GEP 100 FS GEP 110 FS GEP 120 FS GEP 140 FS GEP 160 FS GEP 180 FS GEP 200 FS GEP 220 FS GEP 240 FS GEP 260 FS GEP 280 FS GEP 300 FS GEC 320 FSA GEP 320 FS GEC 340 FSA GEP 340 FS GEC 360 FSA GEP 360 FS GEC 380 FSA GEP 380 FS GEC 400 FSA GEP 400 FS GEC 420 FSA GEP 420 FS GEC 440 FSA GEP 440 FS GEC 460 FSA GEP 460 FS GEC 480 FSA GEP 480 FS Mass Designation D B C α degrees 150 160 180 210 230 260 290 320 340 370 400 430 440 460 460 480 480 520 520 540 540 580 560 600 600 630 620 650 650 680 71 78 85 100 115 128 140 155 170 185 200 212 160 230 160 243 160 258 190 272 190 280 190 300 218 315 218 325 230 340 67 74 80 95 109 122 134 148 162 175 190 200 135 218 135 230 135 243 160 258 160 265 160 280 185 300 185 308 195 320 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 4 2 3 2 3 2 4 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 To fully utilize the angle of tilt.... FS Principal dimensions d mm 100 110 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 1) GEC ...

5 7..1 1..5 15..5 1.5 1.5 7.1 1..5 7.9 151 171 200 218.1 1.1 1.5 411 427 434 447 453 467 490 505 508 525 549 545 568 584 596 604 612 631 641 125.5 7.5 276 304.5 15..5 1.5 1.5 195..5 7.1 1.5 352.5 203 219 245 259 285 311 327 344 344 366 359 388 397 407 412 429 431 451 441 472 479 494 496 516 522 141...1 1.1 1.1 1..5 13.5 381.5 175.5 15..5 1.1 1.5 1.5 327 335 347 356 367 377 389 398 409 418 429 439 449 460 469 481 491 503 114.2 106.5 7.5 223.7 117 127.5 7.5 11. 4 2 Recommendations Page .5 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.5 246...5 1.5 294 314.1 1.1 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 dk b b1 M r1 min r2 min Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm da max Da max Da min ra max rb max 3....5 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 83 .1 1.1 1.5 11.8 122 135..5 13.5 7.5 15.5 13.1 1.5 13.5 1.1 1.5 15.1 1.5 15..5 323.5 1.5 7...5 1..5 155.5 1.5 316.5 363 381 385 401 404 421 441 451 460 471 478 491 497 521 534 541 552 566 580 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1..5 1.5 – 21 – 21 – 21 – 21 – 21 – 21 – 27 – 27 – 27 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 6 6 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 10 1 1 1 1 1 1..1 1.5 1..1 1..5 1.5 7.5 148 169 191 211 232 252.1 1.. 16 3 Product data rb ra Da da Dimensions d mm 100 110 120 140 160 180 200 220 240 260 280 300 320 340 360 380 400 420 440 460 480 135 145 160 185 210 240 260 290 310 340 370 390 380 414 400 434 420 474 450 494 470 514 490 534 520 574 540 593 565 623 7.5 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 21 27 27 27 27 27 27 7.5 344...5 242 270 288..5 273.1 Product information Page .6 135 149 172.

... FSA Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 6 200 15 300 6 950 17 000 7 650 19 600 8 800 22 000 10 400 24 500 11 000 27 500 12 500 31 000 13 400 34 500 15 300 39 000 16 600 45 000 18 300 49 000 20 400 56 000 23 200 63 000 26 500 28 000 31 000 34 500 9 300 23 200 10 400 25 500 11 400 29 000 13 200 33 500 15 600 37 500 16 600 41 500 18 600 46 500 20 000 52 000 22 800 58 500 25 000 67 000 27 500 73 500 30 500 85 000 35 500 95 000 40 000 41 500 46 500 52 000 C0 kg 230 500 270 585 320 730 385 860 495 1 040 560 1 210 655 1 400 735 1 670 865 1 940 980 2 600 1 100 2 690 1 350 3 620 1 650 4 470 1 950 2 050 2 400 2 850 – GEC 500 FSA GEP 500 FS GEC 530 FSA GEP 530 FS GEC 560 FSA GEP 560 FS GEC 600 FSA GEP 600 FS GEC 630 FSA GEP 630 FS GEC 670 FSA GEP 670 FS GEC 710 FSA GEP 710 FS GEC 750 FSA GEP 750 FS GEC 800 FSA GEP 800 FS GEC 850 FSA GEP 850 FS GEC 900 FSA GEP 900 FS GEC 950 FSA GEP 950 FS GEC 1000 FSA GEP 1000 FS GEC 1060 FSA GEC 1120 FSA GEC 1180 FSA GEC 1250 FSA Mass Designation 1 335 1 060 530 1 060 355 1 120 565 1 120 365 1 220 600 1 180 375 1 250 635 1 250 400 1 360 670 1 320 438 1 450 710 1 400 462 1 460 462 1 540 488 1 630 515 1) To fully utilize the angle of tilt............. 4 2 Recommendations Page ..... the shaft shoulder should not be made larger than da max 84 ......... FS Principal dimensions d mm 500 530 560 600 630 670 710 750 800 850 900 950 1 1 060 1 120 1 180 1 250 670 710 710 750 750 800 800 850 850 900 900 950 950 1 230 355 243 375 258 400 272 425 300 450 308 475 325 500 195 335 205 355 215 380 230 400 260 425 260 450 275 475 280 500 300 530 310 565 320 600 340 635 370 670 390 390 410 435 D B C Angle of tilt1) α degrees 3 2 3 2 4 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 GEC .1 Product information Page .. 16 b M r2 b1 r1 3 Product data Maintenance-free spherical plain bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite d 500 – 1 250 mm B C α D dk d GEP ...

5 7..5 dk b b1 M r1 min r2 min Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm da max Da max Da min ra max rb max 3....5 7.5 6 7...5 7.5 85 .5 7.5 7.5 7.5 7..5 7...5 7...5 7. 16 3 Product data rb ra Da da Dimensions d mm 500 530 560 600 630 670 710 750 800 850 900 950 1 000 1 060 1 120 1 180 1 250 585 643 620 673 655 723 700 773 740 813 785 862 830 912 875 972 930 1 022 985 1 112 1 040 1 142 1 100 1 242 1 160 1 312 1 240 1 310 1 380 1 460 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 35 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 40 – 27 – 27 – 27 – 27 – 35 – 35 – 35 – 35 – 35 – 35 – 35 – 40 – 40 – – – – 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 10 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 15 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7.5 7.5 7....2 511 523 541 554 571 585 611 627 645 661 685 702 725 743 766 784 816 836 866 888 916 938 968 993 1 019 1 045 1 079 1 139 1 199 1 270 537 536 570 558 602 602 645 645 676 677 722 719 763 762 808 814 859 851 914 936 970 949 1 024 1 045 1 074 1 103 1 150 1 225 1 290 1 366 651 670 691 709 731 758 781 801 827 850 877 898 926 946 976 1 005 1 036 1 062 1 096 1 156 1 156 1 183 1 221 1 290 1 290 1 378 1 370 1 430 1 510 1 600 586 598 621 626 656 673 701 719 741 757 786 802 831 849 876 904 931 951 986 1 035 1 041 1 063 1 101 1 156 1 161 1 221 1 241 1 311 1 381 1 461 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 7... 4 2 Recommendations Page ..5 6 7.5 7..5 7....1 Product information Page ....5 7...5 7...

.. Singly mounted angular contact bearings can only support axial loads acting in one direction.g...... The bearings are of separable design... e.1 Product information Page ...... the rings can be mounted separately... 4 2 Recommendations Page . 86 .. Consequently..... 16 3 Product data Angular contact spherical plain bearings Angular contact spherical plain bearings The sphered sliding contact surfaces of angular contact spherical plain bearings are inclined at an angle to the bearing axis (➔ fig 1 )...... the bearings are particularly suitable for the accommodation of combined (radial and axial) loads...

... The tolerances conform to ISO 12240-2:1998...... 4 Dimensions The boundary dimensions of SKF angular contact spherical plain bearings conform to ISO 12240-2:1998....3 Load line through an angular contact spherical plain bearing Fig 1 87 . The symbols used in the tolerance table are explained in the following. mm 18 50 80 120 150 50 80 120 150 180 Inner ring ∆dmp high low µm 0 0 0 – – –12 –15 –20 – – ∆Bs high low µm 0 0 0 – – –240 –300 –400 – – Outer ring ∆Dmp high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 –14 –16 –18 –20 –25 ∆Cs high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 –240 –300 –400 –500 –500 Total width ∆Ts1) high µm +250 +250 +250 – – –400 –500 –600 – – low 1) The width tolerance is related to d Tolerances for angular contact spherical plain bearings 3.. 16 3 Product data Angular contact spherical plain bearings Table 1 Nominal diameter d.......... d nominal bore diameter ∆dmp deviation of the mean bore diameter from the nominal D nominal outside diameter ∆Dmp deviation of the mean outside diameter from the nominal ∆Bs deviation of single inner ring width from the nominal ∆Cs deviation of single outer ring width from the nominal ∆Ts deviation of single bearing width (abutment width) from the nominal 2 Recommendations Page ... D over incl....1 Product information Page .. Tolerances SKF angular contact spherical plain bearings are made to the tolerances specified in Table 1 ..

.. Materials The inner and outer rings of SKF angular contact spherical plain bearings are made of through hardened and ground steel. The sliding surface of the inner ring is hard chromium plated and coated with a lithium base grease. 2 Recommendations Page .. which provides axial location in the opposite direction...1 Product information Page ... 4 Radial internal clearance.. the bearings are adjusted against each other by axially displacing one bearing ring until a specific bearing load of 10 N/mm2 is obtained... the specific bearing load of 10 N/mm2 is achieved when the frictional moment and the axial preload force lie in the ranges specified in Table 2 ... The sliding layer of glass fibre reinforced plastic containing PTFE additives is injection moulded in the outer ring. although brief periods of operation up to +110 °C are permitted. Permissible operating temperature range Spherical plain bearings with the sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite can be used in the temperature range of –40 to +75 °C... The preload prevents some of the elastic and plastic deformations. However....... When adjusting bearings for the first time in a new arrangement. which would occur under load and after a short period of operation.... 16 Table 2 Bearing Frictional moment for 10 N/mm2 min max Nm 7 12 16 21 26 31 51 76 105 153 180 273 317 9 14 19 25 32 38 62 92 126 184 216 328 380 Axial preload force for 10 N/mm2 N 5 600 7 500 9 300 10 600 13 600 12 900 17 800 21 000 30 000 41 700 39 500 54 500 69 500 3 Product data Angular contact spherical plain bearings Fig 2 – GAC 25 F GAC 30 F GAC 35 F GAC 40 F GAC 45 F GAC 50 F GAC 60 F GAC 70 F GAC 80 F GAC 90 F GAC 100 F GAC 110 F GAC 120 F Standard angular contact spherical plain bearing Frictional moment and axial preload force 88 . preload Internal clearance in a single angular contact spherical plain bearing is only obtained after mounting and is dependent on adjustment against a second bearing. the load carrying capacity of the bearings will be reduced at temperatures above +50 °C..... Angular contact spherical plain bearings are generally mounted in pairs in a back-to-back or face-to-face arrangement..

consequently. Fig 6 3.... Inch-size steel-on-steel angular contact spherical plain bearings are also available to order.. 4 Fig 3 2 Recommendations Page ...1 Product information Page . Depending on the lubricant the sliding surface of the outer ring may be equipped with various types of lubrication grooves (➔ figs 5 and 6 )........3 Steel-on-steel bearing with “diamond thread” grooves 89 ..... sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric Steel-on-steel bearing Steel-on-steel bearing with “waffle” grooves Special designs Special operating conditions may call for angular contact spherical plain bearings with sliding contact surface combinations steel-on-steel or steel/PTFE fabric and.. such bearings are also produced by SKF. steel-onsteel bearings must be provided with an adequate supply of lubricant.. Bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric (➔ fig 3 ) should be used when maintenance-free operation is specified and where the bearing arrangement is such that the presence of any lubricant is not permitted...... loads or load frequencies are high or where shock loads occur... To ensure correct operation. 16 Fig 4 3 Product data Angular contact spherical plain bearings Fig 5 Maintenance-free bearing.. Steel-on-steel bearings (➔ fig 4 ) are preferred where operating temperatures..

5 88 110 134 170 200 240 34.... 4 T r1 r2 B D d C r2 r1 s 2 Recommendations Page .5 53 69.70 4..05 1.27 0...1 Product information Page ..5 2.5 3.21 0..5 2 2 1.........33 0.42 0.73 1.5 3.5 39 45...5 85 112 143 176 216 270 320 380 C0 kg 0...5 3 3 3 2.5 2.5 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 21.....10 2.00 – GAC 25 F GAC 30 F GAC 35 F GAC 40 F GAC 45 F GAC 50 F GAC 60 F GAC 70 F GAC 80 F GAC 90 F GAC 100 F GAC 110 F GAC 120 F Mass Designation 90 .35 3.46 0.55 2..5 43 52 62 73.14 0. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free angular contact spherical plain bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite d 25 – 120 mm dk α Principal dimensions d mm 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 47 55 62 68 75 80 95 110 125 140 150 170 180 15 17 18 19 20 20 23 25 29 32 32 38 38 D T Angle of tilt α degrees 3....5 3.6 27 32.

2 8..6 0....6 0.5 1.7 7.3 0.5 74 88.....6 0.1 Product information Page .5 56.3 0.. 4 2 Recommendations Page .3 0.5 2..5 0.5 1..6 1 1 1 1 1 1..6 13 14. 16 3 Product data ra ra Da da db Db Dimensions d mm 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 42 49...6 0.5 90 103 116 129 141 156 169 0..6 0.8 3.1 2.5 141 155 168 15 17 18 19 20 20 23 25 29 32 32 38 38 14 15 16 17 18 19 21 23 25..6 1.1 11.5 1.5 2 2 2..3 0..6 10.5 2 2 2..5 1.3 0.3 0.5 62 68...6 0...5 55.6 1 1 1 1 1 1..3 91 .3 5....6 0.5 28 31 34 37 0.5 2.5 db max Da min Db min ra max 3..5 102 115 128.5 63 69 74.5 4.5 dk B C r1 min r2 min s Abutment and fillet dimensions da max mm 29 35 40 45 51 56 68 78 88 101 112 124 134 39 45 50 54 60 67 77 92 104 118 128 145 155 34 39 45 50 55 60 70 85 95 105 120 130 140 43 50.3 2.

.... e. 16 3 Product data Spherical plain thrust bearings Spherical plain thrust bearings Spherical plain thrust bearings have a sphered surface on the shaft washer and a hollow.1 Product information Page ...g. When radial loads are very heavy it may be advisable to combine thrust bearings with larger radial bearings of dimension series GE (➔ fig 2 )...... They are primarily intended to carry axial loads but are also suitable for the accommodation of radial loads in addition to simultaneously acting axial loads...... Fig 1 Standard spherical plain thrust bearing Combination of radial and thrust bearings Fig 2 92 .. the washers can be mounted separately...... The radial load component of combined loads should not exceed 50 % of the simultaneously acting axial load... Spherical plain thrust bearings are of separable design. 4 2 Recommendations Page .... correspondingly sphered surface in the housing washer (➔ fig 1 )..

... d nominal bore diameter ∆dmp deviation of the mean bore diameter from the nominal D nominal outside diameter ∆Dmp deviation of the mean outside diameter from the nominal ∆Bs deviation of single shaft washer width from the nominal ∆Cs deviation of single housing washer width from the nominal ∆Ts deviation of single height of thrust bearing from the nominal Materials The shaft and housing washers of SKF spherical plain thrust bearings are made of through hardened and ground steel. The sliding layer of glass fibre reinforced plastic containing PTFE additives is injection moulded in the housing washer..1 Product information Page . Shaft washer ∆dmp high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 – – – –8 –10 –12 –15 –20 – – – ∆Bs high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 – – – –240 –240 –240 –300 –400 – – – Housing washer ∆Dmp high low µm – – 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – –11 –13 –15 –18 –25 –30 ∆Cs high low µm – – 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – –240 –300 –400 –500 –500 –600 Single height ∆Ts1) high µm +250 +250 +250 +250 +250 – – – –400 –400 –400 –500 –600 – – – low 1) The width tolerance is related to d 93 .. The symbols used in the tolerance table are explained in the following. D over mm – 18 30 50 80 120 150 180 18 30 50 80 120 150 180 230 incl... the load carrying capacity of the bearings will be reduced at temperatures above +50 °C. 16 Fig 3 3 Product data Spherical plain thrust bearings Fig 4 Steel-on-steel spherical plain thrust bearing with lubrication hole and groove Maintenance-free thrust bearing with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric Special designs Special operating conditions may call for spherical plain thrust bearings with the sliding contact surface combinations steel-on-steel or steel/PTFE fabric and consequently they are produced to order by SKF. The tolerances conform to ISO 12240-3:1998.. 3..... Permissible operating temperature range Spherical plain bearings with the sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite can be used in the temperature range –40 to +75 °C.... However. Bearings with the sliding contact surface steel/PTFE fabric (➔ fig 4 ) should be used when maintenancefree operation is specified and where the bearing arrangement is such that the presence of any lubricant is not permitted.... The sliding surface of the shaft washer is hard chromium plated and coated with a lithium base grease.... Tolerances SKF spherical plain thrust bearings are made to the tolerances specified in Table 1 . 2 Recommendations Page .4 Tolerances of spherical plain thrust bearings Table 1 Nominal diameter d.. 4 Dimensions The principal dimensions of SKF spherical plain thrust bearings conform to ISO 12240-3:1998. although brief periods of operation up to +110 °C are permitted..... loads or load frequencies are high or where shock loads occur.. Steel-on-steel bearings (➔ fig 3 ) are preferred where operating temperatures..

... 4 2 Recommendations Page .5 46.1 Product information Page ...61 0.25 3..5 42.5 26 28 32 36....42 0...15 4.65 5..40 6...5 69.5 73.0 14..14 0.0 – GX 17 F GX 20 F GX 25 F GX 30 F GX 35 F GX 40 F GX 45 F GX 50 F GX 60 F GX 70 F GX 80 F GX 100 F GX 120 F 94 .50 2........5 95 134 173 224 275 375 475 570 735 880 58. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free spherical plain thrust bearings with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite d 17 – 120 mm d1 s dk r1 T C r1 d D1 D B α Principal dimensions d mm 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 100 120 47 55 62 75 90 105 120 130 150 160 180 210 230 16 20 22.98 1....5 112 153 216 275 355 440 600 750 915 1 180 1 430 C0 Mass Designation kg 0....95 11.25 0.5 45 50 50 59 64 D T Angle of tilt α degrees 5 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 5 4 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 36.

5 45 52.8 14...6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 11 12..5 30.1 Product information Page ...7 21..5 16..5 59 67 70 84 94...5 19 22 27 31 33 37 42 11.5 25...5 22 24......5 50 58.5 42 50...5 11.5 dk d1 D1 B C r1 min s Abutment and fillet dimensions da min mm 34 40 45 56 66 78 89 98 109 121 135 155 170 37 44 47 59 71 84 97 105 120 125 145 170 190 0.5 95 .4 107. 4 2 Recommendations Page .5 14 17.5 27. 16 3 Product data da ra ra Da Dimensions d mm 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 100 120 52 60 68 82 98 114 128 139 160 176 197 222 250 43.2 13..5 43.5 70 84 97 110 120 140 153 172 198 220 27 31 34.5 30 35 35 42.5 34 36...5 127 145 51 53.....6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Da max ra max 3.7 19 20..5 38 46 50 0.8 16...

.... male thread (➔ fig 2 ) or with a welding shank (➔ fig 3 )............ 4 2 Recommendations Page ...... The rod ends are available with female thread (➔ fig 1 )... 16 3 Product data Rod ends requiring maintenance Rod ends requiring maintenance Steel-on-steel rod ends Steel-on-steel rod ends consist of a rod end housing and a normal steelon-steel spherical plain bearing which is held in position axially in the housing.....1 Product information Page . Fig 1 Rod end with female thread Fig 2 Rod end with male thread Fig 3 Rod end with welding shank 96 ...

16 3 Product data Rod ends requiring maintenance Table 1 Series SA(A) SI(A) SC SCF SIJ SIR SIQG SAKAC SIKAC SIKAC/VZ019 Standards ISO 12240-4:1998 ISO 12240-4:1998 ISO 12240-4:1998 – ISO 8138:1991 – CETOP RP 88 H ISO 12240-4:1998 ISO 12240-4:1998 ISO 8139:1991. SIJ. mm 6 10 18 30 Series SIKAC...... SI(A). SCF ∆dmp low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – –8 –8 –10 –12 –15 –20 – – high ∆Bs low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 – – –120 –120 –120 –120 –150 –200 – – high Series SIQG ∆dmp low µm – +18 +21 +25 +30 +35 +40 +46 – 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 high ∆Bs low µm – 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 – –180 –210 –250 –300 –350 –400 –460 high 10 18 30 50 80 120 180 3. The symbols used in these tables are defined in the following...... d nominal bore diameter ∆dmp deviation of the mean bore diameter from the nominal ∆Bs deviation of single inner ring width from the nominal 2 Recommendations Page . SC.. Dimensions The dimensions of SKF rod ends are standardized and correspond to the standards listed in Table 1 . These rod ends are available with female or male thread.1 Product information Page ... The tolerances for the steelon-steel rod end inner rings are given in Table 2 and those for steel-onbronze rod end inner rings are given in Table 3 .. SIR..5 Tolerances for steel-on-bronze rod end inner rings Table 3 Bore diameter d over incl.... The female and male threads of SKF rod ends correspond to ISO 965-1:1998... Tolerances The tolerances to which SKF rod ends are made conform to ISO 122404:1998. SAKAC ∆dmp high µm +12 +15 +18 +21 0 0 0 0 low ∆Bs high µm 0 0 0 0 –120 –120 –120 –120 low 6 10 18 CETOP = Comité Européen des Transmissions Oléohydrauliques et Pneumatiques (European Committee for Hydraulic and Pneumatic Transmissions) 1) 97 ... CETOP RP 103 P Standards Tolerances for steel-on-steel rod end inner rings Table 2 Bore diameter d over incl. Rod ends identified by designation suffix VZ019 have a male thread which deviates from the ISO standard but conforms to the CETOP1) Recommendation RP 103 P..... The bearing is held in position by staking at both sides of the outer ring... mm 10 18 30 50 80 120 180 250 Series SA(A). 4 Steel-on-steel bronze rod ends Steel-on-bronze rod ends consist of a rod end housing and a steel-on-bronze spherical plain bearing having an outer ring made of bronze.

.0501 1... 16 Table 4 3 Product data Rod ends requiring maintenance Radial internal clearance The steel-on-steel rod ends have radial internal clearance corresponding to the Normal clearance values quoted in ISO 12240-4:1998 which are given in Table 4 ..0503 1. Steel-on-steel rod ends Bore Radial internal diameter clearance d Normal over incl.0503 – 1.... min max mm 12 20 35 60 90 140 240 µm 16 20 25 30 36 42 50 68 82 100 120 142 165 192 Steel-on-bronze rod ends Bore Radial internal diameter clearance d Normal over incl.. the bearing incorporated.. 98 ..1 Product information Page . Details of the materials used for the steel-on-steel spherical plain bearings incorporated in SKF rod ends will be found under the heading “Materials” on page 61..0501 Note The load carrying capacity of rod ends is reduced at temperatures above +100 °C..... 4 2 Recommendations Page .0718 1. ground and polished.0718 1. 1..0503 – 1...0570 1. The bearings incorporated in the steel-on-bronze rod ends have an outer ring of tin bronze. min max mm 6 10 18 30 µm 5 7 8 10 50 60 75 90 12 20 35 60 90 140 6 10 18 Radial internal clearance Rod end housing materials Table 5 Series SA(A) SI(A) SC SCF SIQG SIJ SIR SAKAC Size 6 to 80 6 to 80 25 to 80 20 to 80 12 to 50 63 to 200 12 to 50 60 to 100 20 to 50 60 to 120 5 to 12 14 to 30 SIKAC 5 to 12 14 to 30 Material Heat treatable steel C45V zinc coated and chromatized Heat treatable steel C45V zinc coated and chromatized Construction steel S 355 J2G3 (St 52-3 N) Construction steel S 355 J2G3 (St 52-3 N) Heat treatable steel C45N Spheroidal graphite cast iron GGG40 Heat treatable steel C45N Spheroidal graphite cast iron GGG40 Heat treatable steel C45N Spheroidal graphite cast iron GGG40 Automatic steel 9 SMnPb 28 K zinc coated and chromatized Heat treatable steel C35N zinc coated and chromatized Automatic steel 9 SMnPb 28 K zinc coated and chromatized Heat treatable steel C35N zinc coated and chromatized Material No... Permissible operating temperature range The operating temperature range for the rod ends requiring maintenance depends on the rod end. The actual limits are given in Table 6 . For temperatures below 0 °C. The inner ring is of carbon chromium steel and is hardened.0570 1... Materials The materials used for the manufacture of SKF rod ends requiring maintenance are listed in Table 5 .0503 1... the fracture toughness of the rod end material must be taken into consideration...0503 – 1... the bearing seals and the grease used for lubrication.

.5 SA ... M SIKAC .5 mm diameter Design 3. M SIKAC . 80 Lubrication nipple to DIN 71412:1987..... 80 20 . 120 12 . Form A ISO 3799:1976 SAKAC .80 25 .. E(S) SA(A) . ES SI ... ES SIQG . 30 Lubrication nipple to DIN 3405:1986 Form D 99 . 2 Recommendations Page .. ES Steel-on-bronze SAKAC .. 20 15 ... ES-2RS SI(A) ... 16 3 Product data Rod ends requiring maintenance Table 6 Series Permissible operating temperature range1) from incl... ES SCF . The type and design of the relubrication facilities in the rod end housing are shown in Table 7 . 4 Fatigue strength In all applications where a rod end is subjected to loads which vary in magnitude or are alternating. ES-2RS SI .. ES SIJ . 30 6 . with the exception of steel-onsteel rod ends of series SA . ES 15 .. ES SCF .....1 Product information Page ... M 6 ..... ES-2RS SIQG . ES SIR . 200 25 ........ E and SI ..... ES SC ..... The permissible operating temperature range of the grease used should not be exceeded Permissible operating temperature range Relubrication facilities Table 7 Series Size Grease nipple to DIN/ISO Lubrication hole 2... E(S) SI(A) . ES 25 ..... 20 SA(A) . or where the failure of a rod end would be dangerous.. ES SIR . 100 25 .... °C Reduced load carrying capacity from °C – Steel-on-steel SA ......80 25 . it is advisable to check that the selected rod end has a suitable fatigue strength. Relubrication facilities All SKF rod ends requiring maintenance. M(VZ019) –50 –30 –50 –30 –50 –50 –50 –50 –50 +300 +130 +300 +130 +300 +300 +300 +300 +300 +100 +100 +100 +100 +100 +100 +100 +100 +100 –30 –30 +180 +180 +100 +100 1) NB... E and the steel-on-bronze rod ends of size 5 are provided with a grease nipple or hole in the rod end housing. ES SIJ ... ES-2RS SIJ .. 20 16 . ES SC .

E Principal dimensions d mm 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 22 25 30 35 41 47 54 65 75 84 94 94 104 104 114 114 137 137 162 162 182 182 M6 M8 M 10 M 12 M 14 M 16 6 8 9 10 12 14 4.5 6.5 44 57 90 116 134 166 166 224 224 270 270 400 400 530 530 655 655 C0 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand thread – SI 6 E SI 8 E SI 10 E SI 12 E SI 15 ES SI 17 ES SI 20 ES SI 25 ES SI 30 ES SI 35 ES-2RS SIA 40 ES-2RS SI 40 ES-2RS SIA 45 ES-2RS SI 45 ES-2RS SIA 50 ES-2RS SI 50 ES-2RS SIA 60 ES-2RS SI 60 ES-2RS SIA 70 ES-2RS SI 70 ES-2RS SIA 80 ES-2RS SI 80 ES-2RS left-hand thread kg 0.25 0..5 13...0 SIL 6 E SIL 8 E SIL 10 E SIL 12 E SIL 15 ES SIL 17 ES SIL 20 ES SIL 25 ES SIL 30 ES SIL 35 ES-2RS SILA 40 ES-2RS SIL 40 ES-2RS SILA 45 ES-2RS SIL 45 ES-2RS SILA 50 ES-2RS SIL 50 ES-2RS SILA 60 ES-2RS SIL 60 ES-2RS SILA 70 ES-2RS SIL 70 ES-2RS SILA 80 ES-2RS SIL 80 ES-2RS M 20×1.9 19 25.5 7.....8 17 21. 4 2 Recommendations Page ..10 9.11 0...065 0..36 0.30 7.0 19. 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel rod ends with female thread d 6 – 80 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 l7 h1 l4 l3 G w d4 l5 SI .20 2...5 15.5 11..20 4...90 3.4 5.....15 12.18 0.15 10.00 1..1 Product information Page .40 2.5 37.50 10....5 18 20 22 24 24 28 28 31 31 39 39 43 43 48 48 30 36 43 50 61 67 77 94 110 130 142 145 145 165 160 195 175 225 200 265 230 295 d2 max G 6H B C1 max h1 Angle of tilt α degrees 13 15 12 10 8 10 9 7 6 6 6 6 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 3.5 8.65 1...023 0...30 2.5 8.50 6.5 16 M 24×2 M 30×2 M 36×3 M 39×3 M 42×3 M 42×3 M 45×3 M 45×3 M 52×3 M 52×3 M 60×4 M 56×4 M 72×4 M 64×4 M 80×4 20 22 25 28 28 32 32 35 35 44 44 49 49 55 55 100 .5 10.10 4..2 30 48 62 80 100 100 127 127 156 156 245 245 315 315 400 400 8.036 0.

5 101 ...6 0. 4 2 Recommendations Page ....6 0..1 Product information Page . ES-2RS Dimensions d mm 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 10 13 16 18 22 25 29 35.3 0....6 0.6 0. 16 3 Product data SI ..3 0..5 40....3 0.6 0..6 0.6 0.3 0.3 0. ES SIA .....6 1 1 1 1 1 1 9 11 14 17 19 22 24 30 36 41 50 50 55 55 60 60 70 70 80 80 90 90 dk d4 ≈ l3 min l4 max l5 ≈ l7 min r1 min w h14 3.3 0........3 0.7 47 53 53 60 60 66 66 80 80 92 92 105 105 11 13 16 19 22 25 28 35 42 49 58 58 65 65 70 70 82 82 92 92 105 105 11 15 15 18 21 24 30 36 45 60 65 65 65 65 68 68 70 70 80 80 85 85 43 50 60 69 83 92 106 128 149 174 191 194 199 219 219 254 246 296 284 349 324 389 8 9 11 12 14 15 16 18 19 25 25 25 30 30 30 30 35 35 40 40 45 45 10 11 13 17 19 22 24 30 34 40 46 46 50 50 58 58 73 73 85 85 98 98 0...6 0...

14 0..0 14.5 M 16×1.5 52 69.8 10.50 6.5 M 20×1.40 0.5 29 30.5 29..25 0.5 M 48×2 M 65×1..5 M 27×2 M 35×1..80 9.5 32.5 80 100 100 100 156 156 156 245 245 255 315 400 400 400 610 610 610 950 950 1 370 2 120 21.5 16 M 14×1.5 120 125 160 200 1) 125 105 160 132 200 164 Please check availability of rod ends with left-hand thread 102 .5 M 33×2 M 33×2 M 45×1.8 21....1 Product information Page ..5 M 16×1..11 0.0 84..0 43. 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel rod ends with female thread for hydraulic cylinders d 12 – 200 mm B C1 d2 dk d r1 l7 h1 l3 G d4 A N B N1 A-B l4 SIJ .5 M 27×2 M 28×1.25 14 M 14×1.5 23 35.21 0.0 80..40 0.00 3..5 M 22×1.5 M 42×2 M 42×2 M 58×1.5 13...00 6.66 1...49 0.5 100 87 85 90.10 2.5 55 55.5 112 78 100 118 146 200 176 216 280 270 405 325 375 450 610 560 600 780 950 930 2 450 1 430 2 200 3 400 C0 kg 0. 4 α 2 Recommendations Page ..35 0..25 12 M 12×1.5 51 43 73.5 M 20×1.5 M 48×2 M 80×2 M 64×3 M 64×3 M 110×2 M 80×3 M 130×3 M 100×3 M 125×4 M 160×4 16 20 20 20 25 22 22 32 25 28 28 40 35 35 50 44 44 63 49 55 55 80 8 11 11 15 13 19 17 23.25 10 M 12×1..5 30..0 165 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand thread – SIJ 12 E SIQG 12 ESA SIJ 16 ES SIQG 16 ES SIJ 20 ES SIQG 20 ES SIJ 25 ES SIR 25 ES SIQG 25 ES SIJ 30 ES SIR 30 ES SIQG 32 ES SIR 35 ES SIJ 40 ES SIR 40 ES SIQG 40 ES SIJ 50 ES SIR 50 ES SIQG 50 ES SIJ 60 ES SIR 60 ES SIQG 63 ES SIR 70 ES SIJ 80 ES SIR 80 ES SIQG 80 ES SIJ 100 ES SIR 100 ES SIQG 100 ES SIR 120 ES SIQG 125 ES SIQG 160 ES SIQG 200 ES SILJ 12 E SILQG 12 ESA SILJ 16 ES SILQG 16 ES SILJ 20 ES SILQG 20 ES SILJ 25 ES SILR 25 ES SILQG 25 ES SILJ 30 ES SILR 30 ES SILQG 32 ES SILR 35 ES SILJ 40 ES SILR 40 ES SILQG 40 ES SILJ 50 ES SILR 50 ES SILQG 50 ES SILJ 60 ES SILR 60 ES SILQG 63 ES SILR 70 ES SILJ 80 ES SILR 80 ES SILQG 80 ES SILJ 100 ES SILR 100 ES SILQG 100 ES SILR 120 ES SILQG 125 ES SILQG 160 ES SILQG 200 ES left-hand thread1) 30 32 35 40 50 60 63 70 80 100 70 57 70 70..68 0.5 69 42 38 48 44 58 52 68 50 65 85 60 80 70 105 85 97 130 105 120 150 130 140 150 185 170 180 240 235 210 310 260 310 390 d2 max G 6H B C1 max h1 Angle of tilt α degrees 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 7 4 3 6 4 6 3 7 4 3 6 4 3 6 4 6 3 6 4 3 7 4 6 4 4 4 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 10.2 22 23..40 14...5 M 16×1.6 30 30 48 48 48 62 62 65...77 1. ES Principal dimensions d mm 12 16 20 25 40 33 45 41 55 50 65 58 62 80 66 76 80 100 96 97 122 118 118 160 132 142 157 205 179 180 240 233 224 342 290 346 460 M 10×1.60 3.40 2.80 3.20 2.5 47 60.20 1.50 8..5 23 19 28.5 34 30 40...2 17.0 28.5 42 38 50.

ES Dimensions d mm 12 16 20 25 18 18 25 23 29 29 35.1 Product information Page .5 169 181 230 201 213 234 287.5 81 97 125 95 120 113 155 136 147 192.5 64.6 0.3 0.5 30 26..1 dk d4 max l3 min l4 max l7 min N max N1 max r1 min SIQG ...5 72..5 25 26..6 0.3 0....6 0.5 32 36 34 40 42 45 51 49 55 63.5 68 77.5 5..5 60. 16 B C1 3 Product data d2 α d2 dk d r1 l7 h1 l3 G d4 dk d l4 r1 l7 h1 l3 N G d4 N l4 SIR .5 70.5 23 23 23 23 23 46 23 46 46 46 46 46 79 79 79 195 195 195 195 390 390 390 670 670 670 670 670 670 1 350 30 32 35 40 3.3 0. ES Cylinder screw with internal hexagon (ISO 4762:1998) Size Tightening torque – M6 M5 M6 M6 M8 M8 M8 M8 M8 M 10 M8 M 10 M 10 M 10 M 10 M 10 M 12 M 12 M 12 M 16 M 16 M 16 M 16 M 20 M 20 M 20 M 24 M 24 M 24 M 24 M 24 M 24 M 30 Nm 9.6 0..6 0.5 9....3 0.6 0.7 40.5 77.6 0.5 85.6 0.3 0.6 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1...6 0..5 100...5 35..6 0.5 50 60 63 70 80 100 120 125 160 200 103 .6 0.5 267 272 360 362 324 491 407 490 623 16 13 20 18 25 21 30 27 26 35 29 31 37 45 44 40 58 54 49 68 64 61 74 92 79 77 116 103 97 138 118 148 193 40 33 45 41 55 48 62 46 55 80 50 67 66 90 76 81 105 90 97 134 120 116 130 156 160 150 190 200 180 257 202 252 323 13 11 13 17 17 21 17 22 21 19 27 24 29 23 34 28 30 38 34 38 47 40 52 47 57 50 57 67 65 86 75 85 106 0....5 35.. 4 C1 B α 2 Recommendations Page ..7 43 47 53 53 53 66 66 66 80 80 83 92 105 105 105 130 130 130 160 160 200 250 17 17 21 22..5 9..5 89 90 109 93 110 142 114 177 139 170 221 15 17 17 19 19 23 23 17 29 29 23 37 29 37 36 46 46 46 57 57 59 64 66 64 81 86 86 111 96 135 113 126 161 62 55..3 0.5 40.6 0....

4 5.017 0..5 7..85 1.0 14......5 8.45 2..053 0..90 10.13 0.5 110 140 140 200 200 245 245 360 360 490 490 585 585 C0 kg 0.32 0..5 78 81.5 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand thread – SA 6 E SA 8 E SA 10 E SA 12 E SA 15 ES SA 17 ES SA 20 ES SA 25 ES SA 30 ES SA 35 ES-2RS SAA 40 ES-2RS SA 40 ES-2RS SAA 45 ES-2RS SA 45 ES-2RS SAA 50 ES-2RS SA 50 ES-2RS SAA 60 ES-2RS SA 60 ES-2RS SAA 70 ES-2RS SA 70 ES-2RS SAA 80 ES-2RS SA 80 ES-2RS SAL 6 E SAL 8 E SAL 10 E SAL 12 E SAL 15 ES SAL 17 ES SAL 20 ES SAL 25 ES SAL 30 ES SAL 35 ES-2RS SALA 40 ES-2RS SAL 40 ES-2RS SALA 45 ES-2RS SAL 45 ES-2RS SALA 50 ES-2RS SAL 50 ES-2RS SALA 60 ES-2RS SAL 60 ES-2RS SALA 70 ES-2RS SAL 70 ES-2RS SALA 80 ES-2RS SAL 80 ES-2RS left-hand thread 104 . E Principal dimensions d mm 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 22 25 30 35 41 47 54 65 75 84 94 94 104 104 114 114 137 137 162 162 182 182 M6 M8 M 10 M 12 M 14 M 16 M 20×1.5 6..078 0.30 1.. 4 2 Recommendations Page .55 3..9 18.8 17 21.30 3.15 12..90 5.2 30 48 62 80 100 100 127 127 156 156 245 245 315 315 400 400 8.5 18 20 22 24 24 28 28 31 31 39 39 43 43 48 48 36 42 48 54 63 69 78 94 110 130 150 145 163 165 185 195 210 225 235 265 270 295 d2 max G 6g B C1 max h Angle of tilt α degrees 13 15 12 10 8 10 9 7 6 6 6 6 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 5 5 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 3....53 0.3 24.19 0..5 13....70 6..1 Product information Page ...5 10.5 11.25 7.15 10...5 M 24×2 M 30×2 M 36×3 M 39×3 M 42×3 M 42×3 M 45×3 M 45×3 M 52×3 M 52×3 M 60×4 M 56×4 M 72×4 M 64×4 M 80×4 6 8 9 10 12 14 16 20 22 25 28 28 32 32 35 35 44 44 49 49 55 55 4.5 28 31 42.5 8.. 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel rod ends with male thread d 6 – 80 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 l7 h l1 l2 G SA .90 1.90 2..0 12.029 0..

1 Product information Page .3 0.5 105 ..3 0..3 0..3 0..... ES-2RS 3.5 40.......3 0.7 47 53 53 60 60 66 66 80 80 92 92 105 105 16 21 26 28 34 36 43 53 65 82 86 90 92 95 104 110 115 120 125 132 140 147 49 56 65 73 85 94 107 128 149 174 199 194 217 219 244 254 281 296 319 349 364 389 10 11 13 17 19 22 24 30 34 40 46 46 50 50 58 58 73 73 85 85 98 98 0.... 16 3 Product data SA .6 0.6 0.6 1 1 1 1 1 1 dk l1 min l2 max l7 min r1 min SAA ..6 0.6 0.6 0. ES Dimensions d mm 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 10 13 16 18 22 25 29 35.3 0.. 4 2 Recommendations Page ....3 0..6 0....6 0....6 0...

5 112 134 180 220 335 455 550 C0 Mass Designation kg 0....80 9. 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel rod ends with cylindrical section welding shank d 20 – 80 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 45° 6 d6 l7 r2 d5 h2 l6 Principal dimensions d mm 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 54 65 75 84 94 104 114 137 162 182 16 20 22 25 28 32 35 44 49 55 13.30 1... 4 2 Recommendations Page ..00 1.5 18 20 22 24 28 31 39 43 48 38 45 51 61 69 77 88 100 115 141 d2 max B C1 max h2 Angle of tilt α degrees 9 7 6 6 7 7 6 6 6 6 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 30 48 62 80 100 127 156 245 315 400 46....90 2.....70 – SC 20 ES SC 25 ES SC 30 ES SC 35 ES SC 40 ES SC 45 ES SC 50 ES SC 60 ES SC 70 ES SC 80 ES 106 ......5 73.60 6....65 1..20 0....5 96.45 0.1 Product information Page ..50 4...

6 0.5 107 .6 1 1 1 2 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 dk d5 max d6 l6 max l7 min r1 min r2 3.......6 0...6 0.... 16 3 Product data Dimensions d mm 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 29 35... 4 2 Recommendations Page .6 0..3 0.....6 0.....7 47 53 60 66 80 92 105 29 35 42 49 54 60 64 72 82 97 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 6 6 6 66 78 89 104 118 132 150 173 199 237 24 30 34 40 46 50 58 73 85 98 0....1 Product information Page ..5 40...

.5 51.....0 15.5 56..5 41..5 85 102 112 125.87 1.40 4.5 66... 4 2 Recommendations Page ..5 41..1 Product information Page ..5 142...5 110 183 285 360 415 530 680 750 C0 Mass Designations kg 0..0 – SCF 20 ES SCF 25 ES SCF 30 ES SCF 35 ES SCF 40 ES SCF 45 ES SCF 50 ES SCF 60 ES SCF 70 ES SCF 80 ES 108 ...53 0.5 16 20 22 25 28 32 35 44 49 55 20 24 29 31 36...45 7..... 16 3 Product data Steel-on-steel rod ends with rectangualar section welding shank d 20 – 80 mm C1 B α d2 dk d r1 h2 l6 Principal dimensions d mm 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 51..45 3...5 57 62 38 45 51 61 69 77 88 100 115 141 d2 max B C1 max h2 js13 Angle of tilt α degrees 9 7 6 6 7 7 6 6 6 6 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 30 48 62 80 100 127 156 245 315 400 63 65.35 0.5 166.5 182.55 2..00 10..

..5 40..6 0...3 0...5 232.5 109 ...1 Product information Page .5 85 103.6 0....6 0.7 47 53 60 66 80 92 105 64 73.6 0..... 16 3 Product data Dimensions d mm 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 29 35......5 198.6 0.6 1 1 1 dk l6 max r1 min 3.... 4 2 Recommendations Page .5 120 133 151 171....5 0..

..2 12.5 C0 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand thread – SIKAC 5 M1) SIKAC 6 M SIKAC 8 M SIKAC 10 M SIKAC 10 M/VZ019 SIKAC 12 M SIKAC 12 M/VZ019 SIKAC 14 M SIKAC 16 M SIKAC 16 M/VZ019 SIKAC 18 M SIKAC 20 M SIKAC 22 M SIKAC 25 M SIKAC 30 M left-hand thread kg 0.2 10 10 13.25 4.11 0.25 M 12 M 12×1.5 M 24×2 M 30×2 8 9 12 14 14 16 16 19 21 21 23 25 28 31 37 6 6..22 0.4 17 21.30 0.25 M 14 M 16 M 16×1.5 10..043 0.6 26 31.2 14 14 20.4 5.072 0..40 0..3 7..22 0..017 0.....5 38 47.5 M 18×1..5 M 20×1.5 M 22×1..025 0....5 12 12 13..5 18 20 22 25 27 30 36 43 43 50 50 57 64 64 71 77 84 94 110 d2 G max 6H B C1 max h1 Angle of tilt α degrees 13 13 14 13 13 13 13 16 15 15 15 14 15 15 17 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 3.....75 9 10.11 0.16 0.5 15 15 16.4 29 29 35. 16 3 Product data Steel-on-bronze rod ends with female thread d 5 – 30 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 l7 l4 h1 l3 G w d3 d4 Principal dimensions d mm 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 25 30 19 21 25 29 29 33 33 37 43 43 47 51 55 61 71 M5 M6 M8 M 10 M 10×1..1 Product information Page .072 0..50 0.65 1...6 21.4 9.5 35.15 SILKAC 5 M1) SILKAC 6 M SILKAC 8 M SILKAC 10 M – SILKAC 12 M – SILKAC 14 M SILKAC 16 M – SILKAC 18 M SILKAC 20 M SILKAC 22 M SILKAC 25 M SILKAC 30 M 1) Without lubrication nipple 110 .5 64 5.. 4 2 Recommendations Page .15 12..4 13.5 45 53 69.

3 0.5 30 33..2 22...4 28.3 0.8 9 10 12.1 Product information Page ..3 0.1 12.. 16 3 Product data Dimensions d mm 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 25 30 11.3 0..3 0....3 0.3 0....2 25..3 9 11 14 17 17 19 19 22 22 22 27 30 32 36 41 dk d3 ≈ d4 l3 l4 max min max l5 ≈ l7 min r1 min w h14 3.5 15 15 17.3 0.3 0...5 6...3 0.5 17.5 28..5 8 8 8 10 10 12 12 15 9 10 12 14 14 16 16 18 21 21 23 25 27 30 35 0.. 4 2 Recommendations Page ...7 34.5 6..8 50.8 19 19 22.3 0..5 6.1 42.5 40 12 14 17 20 20 23 23 27 29 29 32 37 40 44 52 8 9 12 15 15 18 18 21 24 24 27 30 33 36 45 38 42 50 59 59 68 68 77 87 87 96 105 114 127 148 4 5 5 6..9 38..3 0.3 0.3 0.7 15.5 31...5 111 ..5 20 22 22 25 27.

5 M 22×1.1 Product information Page .13 0..26 0..5 61 4....054 0....020 0..013 0.5 12 13.8 4..34 0..5 18 20 22 25 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 84 94 110 d2 max G 6g B C1 max h Angle of tilt α degrees 13 13 14 13 13 16 15 15 14 15 15 17 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 3..8 8 10.05 SALKAC 5 M1) SALKAC 6 M SALKAC 8 M SALKAC 10 M SALKAC 12 M SALKAC 14 M SALKAC 16 M SALKAC 18 M SALKAC 20 M SALKAC 22 M SALKAC 25 M SALKAC 30 M 1) Without lubrication nipple 112 .60 1.3 7....44 0.032 0..5 M 20×1.5 15 16....25 4..2 17 21...5 M 24×2 M 30×2 8 9 12 14 16 19 21 23 25 28 31 37 6 6.6 26 29 38 46..75 9 10.3 23...19 0...8 12..085 0.5 61 C0 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand thread – SAKAC 5 M1) SAKAC 6 M SAKAC 8 M SAKAC 10 M SAKAC 12 M SAKAC 14 M SAKAC 16 M SAKAC 18 M SAKAC 20 M SAKAC 22 M SAKAC 25 M SAKAC 30 M left-hand thread kg 0.2 29 29 39 46. 16 3 Product data Steel-on-bronze rod ends with male thread d 5 – 30 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 l2 h l1 G Principal dimensions d mm 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 25 30 19 21 25 29 33 37 43 47 51 55 61 71 M5 M6 M8 M 10 M 12 M 14 M 16 M 18×1. 4 2 Recommendations Page .2 10 12.2 17.

3 0.......3 dk l1 min l2 max r1 min 3..8 19 22.1 42...8 19 21 25 28 32 36 37 41 45 48 55 66 44 48 56 64 72 80 89 97 106 114 127 148 0...5 113 ..3 0..4 28.1 Product information Page ..3 0. 4 2 Recommendations Page .7 34.3 0.. 16 3 Product data Dimensions d mm 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 22 25 30 11..3 0.3 0..8 50.5 31.3 0..3 0.1 12.3 0.3 0........7 15..3 0.2 25...9 38.

. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free rod ends Maintenance-free rod ends 114 .. 4 2 Recommendations Page .........................1 Product information Page ...

.. 3 Product data Maintenance-free rod ends 1 Maintenance-free rod end...... 4 2 Recommendations Page ...6 Maintenance-free rod end...1 Product information Page .... steel/PTFE composite 115 ...... steel/PTFE fabric Fig 3 3. a sliding layer of glass fibre reinforced plastic containing PTFE is injection moulded in situ. The rod ends with the sliding contact surface combinations steel/sinter bronze composite (➔ fig 1 ) and steel/PTFE fabric (➔ fig 2 ) comprise a rod end housing and a standard spherical plain bearing... steel/sinter bronze composite Fig 2 Maintenance-free rod end. Between the housing and the inner ring.. the outer ring of which is held in position axially....... 16 SKF maintenance-free rod ends are produced with three different sliding contact surface combinations. The rod ends with the sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite (➔ fig 3 ) consist of a rod end housing and a spherical plain bearing inner ring.

.5 3. The female and male threads of SKF rod ends are in accordance with ISO 965-1:1998. Therefore.. d nominal bore diameter ∆dmp deviation of the mean bore diameter from the nominal ∆Bs deviation of single inner ring width from the nominal Internal clearance..5 2.20 0.... 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free rod ends Table 1 Tolerances for maintenance-free rod end inner rings Bore diameter d over incl.50 0.80 1 Radial internal clearance and friction torque for steel/PTFE composite rod ends Series SAKB and SIKB 1) CETOP = Comité Européen des Transmissions Oléohydrauliques et Pneumatiques (European Committee for Hydraulic and Pneumatic Transmissions) 116 ..60 0...40 2.. mm 6 10 18 30 50 80 Series SA(A) and SI(A) ∆dmp high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 –8 –8 –8 –10 –12 –15 ∆Bs high low µm 0 0 0 0 0 0 –120 –120 –120 –120 –120 –150 Series SAKB and SIKB ∆dmp high µm +12 +15 +18 – – – 0 0 0 – – – low ∆Bs high low µm 0 0 0 – – – –120 –120 –120 – – – 6 10 18 30 50 Table 2 Bore diameter d over incl. The symbols used in Table 1 are explained in the following... mm 12 20 30 35 40 45 60 70 Radial internal clearance max µm 28 35 44 50 60 60 60 72 Friction torque max Nm 0..25 0.70 0... 4 Dimensions The dimensions of the maintenancefree rod ends conform to ISO 122404:1998...5 4 5 Radial internal clearance and friction torque for steel/sinter bronze composite and steel/PTFE fabric rod ends Series SA(A) and SI(A) 12 20 30 35 40 50 60 Table 3 Bore diameter d mm 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Radial internal clearance max µm 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 85 100 Friction torque max Nm 0.. The actual tolerance values are given in Table 1 ..25 0. preload SKF maintenance-free rod ends.. have a radial internal clearance but may also have a light preload. Those rod ends which carry the designation suffix /VZ019 have a thread which deviates from that specified in ISO 12240-4 but is in accordance with the CETOP1) recommendation RP 103 P and ISO 8139:1991.. 2 Recommendations Page . Tables 2 and 3 show maximum values for the radial internal clearance as well as for the friction torque in the circumferential direction caused by preload..15 0..1 Product information Page . because of their design..40 0..... Tolerances The tolerances of SKF rod ends are in accordance with the tolerances specified in ISO 12240-4:1998.30 0.

The ranges are given in Table 5 . 80 5 ...6 117 . page 73.. C Steel/PTFE fabric SA(A) . 16 Table 4 Material Material No. The right is reserved to make changes dictated by technical developments. Permissible operating temperature range The permissible operating temperature range for SKF maintenance-free rod ends is governed by the rod end housing.. 3 Product data Maintenance-free rod ends Materials The materials used for the rod end housings of SKF maintenance-free rod ends are listed in Table 4 . TXE-2LS –30 +130 +80 +60 Steel/PTFE composite SAKB .. C –50 +150 SI .. TXE-2LS SI(A) .... The inner rings of rod ends with the sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite are of bearing steel which is hardened and ground and the sliding contact surface is hard chromium plated..... the spherical plain bearing incorporated and the bearing seals......0503 zinc coated and chromatized Automatic steel 9 SMnPb 28 K zinc coated and chromatized Heat treatable steel C35N zinc coated and chromatized 1.... or where rod end failure could be dangerous. 20 Permissible operating temperature range Table 5 Series Permissible operating temperature range from incl. it is necessary to check the fatigue strength of the rod end. The sliding layer of these bearings consists of a glass fibre reinforced polymer containing PTFE.... Heat treatable steel C45V 1. F/VZ019 +75 +50 3. Details of the materials used for the maintenance-free spherical plain bearings incorporated in the rod ends will be found in Matrix 1 ...0501 SIKB 14 ..0718 1.1 Product information Page ... °C Reduced load carrying capacity from °C – Steel/sinter bronze composite SA .. Fatigue strength In applications where the rod end is subjected to loads of alternating magnitude or direction.. 4 Rod end housing materials Series SA(A) SI(A) SAKB Size 6 .. F SIKB ....... F –40 SIKB . 12 2 Recommendations Page .

11 0...8 8.65 11..5 18 20 30 36 43 50 61 67 77 94 110 d2 max G 6H B C1 max h1 Angle of tilt α degrees 13 15 12 10 8 10 9 7 6 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 3..036 0.4 31.. with sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite d 6 – 30 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 l7 h1 l4 l3 G w d4 l5 Principal dimensions d mm 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 22 25 30 35 41 47 54 65 75 M6 M8 M 10 M 12 M 14 M 16 M 20×1.65 1.5 11.35 0...05 118 .6 5..5 57 90 118 C0 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand left-hand thread thread – SI 6 C SI 8 C SI 10 C SI 12 C SI 15 C SI 17 C SI 20 C SI 25 C SI 30 C SIL 6 C SIL 8 C SIL 10 C SIL 12 C SIL 15 C SIL 17 C SIL 20 C SIL 25 C SIL 30 C kg 0.......5 6..5 51 65.9 19 25.023 0.15 12...18 0...4 18 22.5 8.5 7...5 M 24×2 M 30×2 6 8 9 10 12 14 16 20 22 4.1 Product information Page ....5 46.065 0..5 10.5 8.5 37.25 0.5 13.. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free rod ends with female thread. 4 2 Recommendations Page ...

.. 16 3 Product data Dimensions d mm 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 10 13 16 18 22 25 29 35.3 0.....3 0.......5 40.7 11 13 16 19 22 25 28 35 42 11 15 15 18 21 24 30 36 45 43 50 60 69 83 92 106 128 149 8 9 11 12 14 15 16 18 19 10 11 13 17 19 22 24 30 34 0......... 4 2 Recommendations Page .3 0.6 9 11 14 17 19 22 24 30 36 dk d4 ≈ l3 l4 min max l5 ≈ l7 min r1 min w h14 3..6 119 .3 0..6 0.3 0..3 0...3 0...1 Product information Page ..

6 5...5 10.053 0.5 6..5 8. with sliding contact surface combination steel/sinter bronze composite d 6 – 30 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 l7 h l1 l2 G Principal dimensions d mm 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 22 25 30 35 41 47 54 65 75 M6 M8 M 10 M 12 M 14 M 16 M 20×1.57 0.017 0..5 51 65.90 120 ...65 11.5 13..4 18 22.. 4 2 Recommendations Page ..030 0.5 M 24×2 M 30×2 6 8 9 10 12 14 16 20 22 4.5 8..32 0...078 0.85 8.19 0..15 12.3 24..5 42.....13 0.. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free rod ends with male thread.9 18.5 7.1 Product information Page ...5 34....5 51 78 104 C0 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand left-hand thread thread – SA 6 C SA 8 C SA 10 C SA 12 C SA 15 C SA 17 C SA 20 C SA 25 C SA 30 C SAL 6 C SAL 8 C SAL 10 C SAL 12 C SAL 15 C SAL 17 C SAL 20 C SAL 25 C SAL 30 C kg 0..4 31.5 18 20 36 42 48 54 63 69 78 94 110 d2 G max 6g B C1 max h Angle of tilt α degrees 13 15 12 10 8 10 9 7 6 Basic load rating dynamic static C kN 3....5 11.

...7 16 21 26 28 34 36 43 53 65 49 56 65 73 85 94 107 128 149 10 11 13 17 19 22 24 30 34 0.. 16 3 Product data Dimensions d mm 6 8 10 12 15 17 20 25 30 10 13 16 18 22 25 29 35.3 0..3 0......5 40.3 0.. 4 2 Recommendations Page ..3 0....3 0....6 dk l1 min l2 max l7 min r1 min 3......3 0..1 Product information Page ..3 0..6 0..6 121 ..

...1 Product information Page .0 SIL 35 TXE-2LS SILA 40 TXE-2LS SIL 40 TXE-2LS SILA 45 TXE-2LS SIL 45 TXE-2LS SILA 50 TXE-2LS SIL 50 TXE-2LS SILA 60 TXE-2LS SIL 60 TXE-2LS SIL 70 TXE-2LS SIL 80 TXE-2LS 122 ...90 3.40 2.50 6..20 2.... 4 2 Recommendations Page . with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric d 35 – 70 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 l7 h1 l4 l3 G w d4 l5 Principal dimensions d mm 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 84 94 94 104 104 114 114 137 137 162 182 M 36×3 M 39×3 M 42×3 M 42×3 M 45×3 M 45×3 M 52×3 M 52×3 M 60×4 M 72×4 M 80×4 25 28 28 32 32 35 35 44 44 49 55 22 24 24 28 28 31 31 39 39 43 48 130 142 145 145 165 160 195 175 225 265 295 d2 max G 6H B C1 h1 max Angle of tilt α degrees 6 7 7 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 6 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 224 280 280 360 360 440 440 695 695 880 1 140 134 166 166 224 224 270 270 400 400 530 655 C0 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand thread – SI 35 TXE-2LS SIA 40 TXE-2LS SI 40 TXE-2LS SIA 45 TXE-2LS SI 45 TXE-2LS SIA 50 TXE-2LS SI 50 TXE-2LS SIA 60 TXE-2LS SI 60 TXE-2LS SI 70 TXE-2LS SI 80 TXE-2LS left-hand thread kg 1.....30 2..10 4........10 10.20 4... 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free rod ends with female thread....5 19..30 7..

1 Product information
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Dimensions d mm 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 47 53 53 60 60 66 66 80 80 92 105 49 58 58 65 65 70 70 82 82 92 105 60 65 65 65 65 68 68 70 70 80 85 174 191 194 199 219 246 254 246 296 349 389 25 25 25 30 30 30 30 35 35 40 40 40 46 46 50 50 58 58 73 73 85 98 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 1 1 1 41 50 50 55 55 60 60 70 70 80 90 dk d4 ≈ l3 min l4 max l5 ≈ l7 min r1 min w h14

3.6

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Maintenance-free rod ends with male thread, with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE fabric d 35 – 70 mm

B C1

α

d2

dk d r1 l7 h l1 l2

G

Principal dimensions d mm 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 84 94 94 104 104 114 114 137 137 162 182 M 36×3 M 39×3 M 42×3 M 42×3 M 45×3 M 45×3 M 52×3 M 52×3 M 60×4 M 72×4 M 80×4 25 28 28 32 32 35 35 44 44 49 55 22 24 24 28 28 31 31 39 39 43 48 130 150 145 163 165 185 195 210 225 265 295 d2 max G 6g B C1 h max

Angle of tilt α degrees 6 6 6 7 7 6 6 6 6 6 5

Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 224 280 280 360 360 440 440 695 695 880 1 140 110 140 140 200 200 245 245 360 360 490 585 C0

Mass

Designations Rod end with right-hand thread – SA 35 TXE-2LS SAA 40 TXE-2LS SA 40 TXE-2LS SAA 45 TXE-2LS SA 45 TXE-2LS SAA 50 TXE-2LS SA 50 TXE-2LS SAA 60 TXE-2LS SA 60 TXE-2LS SA 70 TXE-2LS SA 80 TXE-2LS

left-hand thread

kg 1,30 1,85 1,90 2,45 2,55 3,30 3,90 5,70 6,25 10,0 14,5

SAL 35 TXE-2LS SALA 40 TXE-2LS SAL 40 TXE-2LS SALA 45 TXE-2LS SAL 45 TXE-2LS SALA 50 TXE-2LS SAL 50 TXE-2LS SALA 60 TXE-2LS SAL 60 TXE-2LS SAL 70 TXE-2LS SAL 80 TXE-2LS

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Dimensions d mm 35 40 45 50 60 70 80 47 53 53 60 60 66 66 80 80 92 82 86 90 92 95 104 110 115 120 132 174 199 194 217 219 244 254 281 296 349 389 40 46 46 50 50 58 58 73 73 85 98 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 0,6 1 1 1 1 dk l1 min l2 max l7 min r1 min

105 147

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...5 34.019 0.... 4 2 Recommendations Page ..23 0...25 M 14 M 16 M 16×1..25 7.4 26 31 5.1 9..2 13.5 41.5 15 15 16..12 0.028 0.4 21..25 4.25 M 12 M 12×1.75 9 10.12 0..33 0.3 6.2 17 21.....16 0..1 Product information Page .5 M 20×1.23 0.8 13.5 34.4 14.079 0.5 18 27 30 36 43 43 50 50 57 64 64 71 77 d2 G max 6H B C1 max h1 Angle of tilt α degrees 13 13 14 13 13 13 13 16 15 15 15 14 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 3.3 14...5 50 C0 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand thread – SIKB 5 F SIKB 6 F SIKB 8 F SIKB 10 F SIKB 10 F/VZ019 SIKB 12 F SIKB 12 F/VZ019 SIKB 14 F SIKB 16 F SIKB 16 F/VZ019 SIKB 18 F SIKB 20 F left-hand thread kg 0. thread with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite d 5 – 20 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 l7 h1 l3 l5 l4 G w d3 d4 Principal dimensions d mm 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 19 21 25 29 29 33 33 37 43 43 47 51 M5 M6 M8 M 10 M 10×1.047 0..8 11....5 8 9 12 14 14 16 16 19 21 21 23 25 6 6.8 9..5 M 18×1.38 SILKB 5 F SILKB 6 F SILKB 8 F SILKB 10 F – SILKB 12 F – SILKB 14 F SILKB 16 F – SILKB 18 F SILKB 20 F 126 .079 0.5 10. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free rod ends with female...3 17 17 27.5 12 12 13.

3 0...3 9 11 14 17 17 19 19 22 22 22 27 30 dk d3 ≈ d4 max l3 l4 min max l5 ≈ l7 min r1 min w h14 3..8 19 19 22. 16 3 Product data Dimensions d mm 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 11...5 6.4 28..5 17...7 15..3 0...5 6.1 12.3 0...3 0.6 127 ..3 0.3 0.1 Product information Page .9 9 10 12....5 15 15 17.3 0.5 28...2 22..5 8 8 8 10 10 9 10 12 14 14 16 16 18 21 21 23 25 0..5 20 22 22 25 27...... 4 2 Recommendations Page .3 0.3 0.3 0.7 34..5 31..2 25.5 6.3 0.5 12 14 17 20 20 23 23 27 29 29 32 37 8 9 12 15 15 18 18 21 24 24 27 30 37 41 49 58 58 67 67 76 86 86 95 103 4 5 5 6.

035 0.....5 41. thread with sliding contact surface combination steel/PTFE composite d 5 – 20 mm B C1 α d2 dk d r1 l2 h l1 G Principal dimensions d mm 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 19 21 25 29 33 37 43 47 51 M5 M6 M8 M 10 M 12 M 14 M 16 M 18×1....1 Product information Page .5 15 25.021 0.20 0..5 12 13.10 0....8 10 12....4 26 31 5...5 15 16.13 0.25 7.1 9.. 4 2 Recommendations Page .26 0..5 50 C0 Mass Designations Rod end with right-hand thread – SAKB 5 F SAKB 6 F SAKB 8 F SAKB 10 F SAKB 12 F SAKB 14 F SAKB 16 F SAKB 18 F SAKB 20 F left-hand thread kg 0...059 0....37 SALKB 5 F SALKB 6 F SALKB 8 F SALKB 10 F SALKB 12 F SALKB 14 F SALKB 16 F SALKB 18 F SALKB 20 F 128 .5 18 33 36 42 48 54 60 66 72 78 d2 G max 6g B C1 max h Angle of tilt α degrees 13 13 14 13 13 16 15 15 14 Basic load ratings dynamic static C kN 3.. 16 3 Product data Maintenance-free rod ends with male..8 13.25 4.015 0.5 34..5 M 20×1.3 6.5 8 9 12 14 16 19 21 23 25 6 6...2 17 21.75 9 10.

4 28.9 19 21 25 28 32 36 37 41 45 44 48 56 64 72 80 89 97 106 0.....3 0.3 0...5 31..1 12.3 0..3 0.8 19 22.3 0. 16 3 Product data Dimensions d mm 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 11.1 Product information Page . 4 2 Recommendations Page .7 15...3 0.6 129 ....7 34...3 dk l1 l2 min max r1 min 3...........2 25...3 0.3 0..

tilting mechanisms etc. Plain bearings for rail vehicles The SKF plain bearing range for railway vehicles includes bogie swivel bearings for trams and heavy duty goods wagons as well as spherical plain bearings and rod ends for transverse stabilizers.Special solutions and related SKF products Plain bearings for road vehicles Special applications such as the bearing arrangements for centring propeller shafts or gear shifts require special spherical plain bearings or bearing units. 130 . SKF has developed appropriate products in close cooperation with customers and manufactures them in large volumes.

SARMA manufactures spherical plain bearings and rod ends in steel. producing spherical plain bearings and rod ends for the suspension of engines and auxiliary equipment. The SKF specialist company for airframe products is SARMA. as well those needed for use in undercarriages. tilting and oscillating movements. stainless steel and composite materials in various sliding contact surface combinations: some requiring maintenance and some being maintenancefree. Airframe control rods and structural rods of light alloy. steel. height and side rudders. titanium and composite materials in a wide variety of designs are produced by SARMA for a multitude of applications in other fields as well as the aircraft industry. wing flaps etc.Spherical plain bearings and rod ends for the aircraft industry In the aircraft industry spherical plain bearings and rod ends take a prominent place as airframe bearings for the transmission of rotating.7 131 . spoilers. Direct contact: SARMA 1 avenue Marc Seguin Parc Industriel de la Brassière F-26241 Saint Vallier sur Rhône Cedex France Telephone: +33 4 75 03 40 40 Fax: +33 4 75 30 40 00 3.

or not. • lubricants or other media are present. slewing or linear movement must be accommodated.Bushings and flanged bushings Bushings and flanged bushings have been part of the SKF product range for more than thirty years and the most varied assortment is available from stock. • Solid bronze bushings The traditional robust bushings • Sintered bronze bushings These are impregnated with oil and can be operated at high speed • Wrapped bronze bushings The lubricant pockets allow them to function well even in dirty environments • PTFE composite bushings The low friction enables long periods of maintenance-free operation • POM composite bushings These require little maintenance even under arduous conditions • Stainless backed composite bushings These are appropriate for corrosive environments • PTFE/polyamide bushings The cost-favourable. or not. See brochure 4741 “SKF bushings”. maintenancefree bushings for light loads • Filament wound bushings The maintenance-free bushings for extreme conditions Because of the great variety of SKF bushings they are to be found in all branches of industry irrespective of whether • freedom from maintenance is required.com. and where • rotational. brochure 5110 “Composite dry sliding bearings – maintenance-free and space-saving” or the “SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue” on CD-ROM or online at www. 132 . A comprehensive range of materials is available including the following.skf.

Thrust washers and strips For thrust bearing arrangements that make oscillating or slow rotational movements. and • SKF thrust washers of M material (POM composite).7 133 . pressed or coined to form.skf. The strip can be bent. L-shaped or V-shaped profiles or many other dry sliding components. SKF also supplies strip of the same triple layer composite materials – B and M. linear guides with flat. for example. thrust washers are available made of two different triple layer composite materials: • SKF thrust washers of B material (PTFE composite). 3.com. See brochure 5110 “Composite dry sliding bearings – maintenance-free and space-saving” or the “SKF Interactive Engineering Catalogue” on CD-ROM or online at www. The thrust washers are primarily intended for applications where axial space is extremely limited and where freedom from maintenance is required or where lubricant starvation can occur.

SKF works closely with appliance manufacturers to improve their product performance. Through the specialized capabilities and knowledge available from SKF Reliability Systems. new standards and new products. It stands for the knowledge engineering company ready to serve you with world-class product competences. often with guaranteed performance contracts. using SKF knowledge to provide highly specialized bearings and condition monitoring systems to extend equipment life in the extreme and often remote environments of wind farms. In addition. from maintenance strategies and engineering assistance. high precision aerospace bearings. e-business marketplace and global distribution system put SKF close to customers for the supply of both products and services. Developing a cleaner cleaner The electric motor and its bearings are the heart of many household appliances. SKF is working closely with global industry leaders to develop efficient and trouble-free turbines. Some 80 manufacturing sites worldwide and sales companies in 70 countries make SKF a truly international corporation. The SKF Group maintains specialized businesses to meet the needs of the global marketplace. many industrial facilities outsource some or all of their maintenance services to SKF. Delivering asset efficiency optimization To optimize efficiency and boost productivity. our 7 000 distributor and dealer partners around the world. SKF solutions are available wherever and whenever our customers need them. machine tool spindles. cut costs and reduce weight. intellectual resources and the vision to help you succeed. with a global leadership position in complementary products such as radial seals. In essence. SKF supports specific market segments with ongoing research and development efforts that have led to a growing number of innovations. SKF Group has global ISO 14001 environmental certification. example produced a new generation of vacuum cleaners with substantially more suction. the SKF brand now stands for more than ever before. 134 . SKF’s knowledge in small bearing technology is also applied to manufacturers of power tools and office equipment. as well as plant maintenance services and is an established producer of high-quality bearing steel. SKF also holds an increasingly important position in the market for linear motion products. Overall. SKF provides a comprehensive range of asset efficiency services. A recent Harnessing wind power The growing industry of wind-generated electric power provides an environmentally compatible source of electricity.SKF – The knowledge engineering company The business of the SKF Group consists of the design. manufacture and marketing of the world’s leading brand of rolling bearings. Individual divisions have been approved for quality certification in accordance with either ISO 9000 or appropriate industry specific standards. to operator-driven reliability and machine maintenance programs.

SKF is also a leader in automotive drive-by-wire. Evolving by-wire technology SKF has unique expertize and knowledge in fast growing by-wire technology. SKF products. consume less power and require less lubrication. sub-zero temperatures can cause rail car wheel assemblies and their bearings to seize due to lubrication starvation. Maintaining a 320 km/h R&D lab In addition to SKF’s renowned research and development facilities in Europe and the United States. We remain committed to sustainable. As an example. For over 50 years. SKF pioneered practical fly-by-wire technology and is a close working partner with all aerospace industry leaders. bearings make a positive contribution to the natural environment. 135 . virtually all aircraft of the Airbus design use SKF by-wire systems for cockpit flight control.) Lessons learned here are applied to the products we provide to automakers and the aftermarket worldwide. SKF created a new family of synthetic lubricants formulated to retain their lubrication viscosity even at these extreme bearing temperatures. (The average racing Ferrari utilizes more than 150 SKF components. to drive-by-wire. from fly-by-wire. to work-bywire. having jointly developed the revolutionary Filo and Novanta concept cars which employ SKF mechatronics for steering and braking. Reduced friction enables machinery to operate more efficiently. enabling new generations of high-efficiency products and equipment. SKF is continually raising the performance bar. engineering and knowledge have helped make Scuderia Ferrari a formidable force in F1 racing. SKF’s global policies and manufacturing techniques are planned and implemented to help protect and preserve the earth’s limited natural resources. environmentally responsible growth. Further by-wire development has led SKF to produce an allelectric forklift truck which uses mechatronics rather than hydraulics for all controls. With an eye to the future. Formula One car racing provides a unique environment for SKF to push the limits of bearing technology. SKF’s knowledge of lubricants and friction are unmatched throughout the world. Planning for sustainable growth By their very nature.Creating a new “cold remedy” In the frigid winters of northern China.

Publication 4407/II E · April 2004 Printed in Sweden on environmentally friendly. indirect or consequential arising out of the use of the information contained herein. . © Copyright SKF 2004 The contents of this publication are the copyright of the publisher and may not be reproduced (even extracts) unless permission is granted. chlorine-free paper (Tom&Otto Silk) by SG Tryck AB. Every care has been taken to ensure the accuracy of the information contained in this publication but no liability can be accepted for any loss or damage whether direct.R ® SKF is a registered trademark of the SKF Group.

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