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The Ultimate Computer

Acronyms Archive

Last updated: July 12, 2009

«I'm sitting in a coffee shop in Milford, NH. In the booth next to me are two men, a father and a
son. Over coffee, the father is asking his son about modems, and the son is holding forth pretty well
on the subject of fax compatibility, UART requirements, and so on. But he's little out of date: The
father asks, "So should I get one with a DSP?"

"A what?" says the son.

You just can't get far if you're not up on the lingo. You might squeak by in your company of
technological nonexperts, but even some of them will surprise you. These days, technical acronyms
quickly insinuate themselves into the vernacular.»

Raphael Needleman


The information contained in this document represents the current view of the authors on this subject as of the date of
publication. Because this kind of information changes very quickly, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on
the part of the authors and the authors cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information presented herein.
A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND FREEDOM FROM INFRINGEMENT. The user assumes the entire risk as to the accuracy and
the use of this document.
This document may be copied and distributed subject to the following conditions:
1. This document must not be altered.
2. This document may not be distributed for profit. Page 2 of 185

µ (mu) ABEL
Å: Ångstrom
0-9 Length measurement unit corresponding to 10 power -10 meters A
µ (mu): Micro A/D: Analog/Digital
Prefix for 10 power -6 (Hardware)
1GL: 1st Generation Language A/P: Accounts Payable
Machine language (Software)
A/PC: Auto Personal Computer
24/7: 24 hours a day/7 days a week (Hardware)
2D: 2-Dimensional A/R: Accounts Receivable
2D: Double Density A/UX: Apple UniX
(Hardware) (Operating systems) (Apple)
2G: 2nd Generation AA: Advertising Agent
Mobile telecommunication network allowing 14.4 kbps transfer
rates (Communication) AA: Anti-Aliasing
Method for removing jagged edges
2GL: 2nd Generation Language
Assembler and other low-level languages (Software) AA: Auto Answer

2HD: 2 sides, High Density AAA: Asp Application Aggregator

(Hardware) AAA: Authentication, Authorization and Accounting
2PC: 2-Phase Commit A term for a framework for intelligently controlling access to
computer resources, enforcing policies, auditing usage, and
Protocol to allow replicated data to be modified at multiple sites
providing the information necessary to bill for services. These
2S: 2 Sides combined processes are important for effective network
management (Security)

2S2D: 2 Sides, Double Density AAB: All-to-All Broadcast

(Hardware) AAC: Advanced Audio Coding
2SHD: 2 Sides, High Density AAC: Authorization and Access Control
(Hardware) (Security)
3D: 3-Dimensional AACS: Advanced Access Control System
3DES: Triple Data Encryption Standard AAF: Advanced Authoring Format
AAL: Atm Adaption Layer
3G: 3rd Generation Layer 3 of the ATM architecture. Adapts user traffic into/from ATM
Mobile telecommunication network allowing 300-400 kbps 48-byte payloads (Communication)
transfer rates (Communication)
AAM: Automatic Acoustic Management
3GIO: 3rd Generation Input Output Feature that allows the host to request that the drive modify its
(Hardware) (Intel) acoustic behavior (Hardware)

3GL: 3rd Generation Language AAP: Applications Access Point

High level programming languages (Software) (DEC)

3GPP: Third Generation Partners Project AARP: Appletalk Address Resolution Protocol
See (Organizations) (Network) (Apple)

4G: 4th Generation AAS: All-to-All Scatter

Mobile telecommunication network allowing 10Mbit/s transfer AAS: Auto Area Segmentation
rates (Communication)
Scanner technology which detects and optimizes text and
4GL: 4th Generation Language graphics on the same page (Hardware) (Epson)
Database access languages (Software) AASP: Ascii Asynchronous Support Package
4GT: 4 Gigabyte memory Tuning AAT: Average Access Time
5GL: 5th Generation Language AATP: Authorized Academic Training Program
Artificial intelligence languages (Software) (Microsoft)
6DOF: Six Degrees Of Freedom ABA: Address Book Archive
Filename extension
A ABAP: Advanced Business Application Programming
A: Ampere Powerful programming language created specifically for
Current measurement unit developing SAP applications. ABAP Objects is the new object-
oriented generation of this language, designed to respond to the
A: Anchor needs of SAP's future strategies and environments (Software)
HTML tag
ABC: Atanasoff-Berry Computer
a: atto First digital calculating machine that used vacuum tubes
Prefix for 10 power -18
ABEL: Advanced Boolean Expression Language Page 3 of 185


ABEND: ABnormal END ACE: Access Control Entry

(Software) An entry in an Access Control List (ACL). An ACE contains a set of
access rights and a security identifier (SID) that identifies a
ABI: Application Binary Interface trustee for whom the rights are allowed, denied, or audited
Defines the binary system interface between compiled (Operating systems)
applications and the operating system on which they run
(Software) ACE: Adobe Certified Expert
ABIOS: Advanced Basic Input Output System
ACE: Advanced Computing Environment
ABIST: Automatic Built-In Self-Test
(IBM) ACE: Adverse Channel Enhancements
ABLE: Adaptive Battery Life Extender ACE: Apacer Compression Explorer

ABLE: Agent Building and Learning Environment ACE: Ascii Compatible Encoding
(IBM) ACE: Automatic Computing Engine
ABM: Asynchronous Balanced Mode ACF: Access Control Field
HDLC data transfer mode (Network)
ACF: Advanced Communications Function
ABNF: Augmented Backus Naur Form
ACH: Automated Clearing House
Syntax description for programming languages
ABNF: Augmented Backus Naur Form ACIA: Asynchronous Communication Interface
ABR: Available Bit Rate
ACIAS: Automated Calibration Interval Analysis
One of five ATM Forum defined service types. Supports variable
bit rate data traffic with flow control, a minimum guaranteed data System
transmission rate and specified performance parameters ACID: Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation and
ABRS: Automated Book Request System (Software)
ABS: ABSolute ACIS: American Committee for Interoperable
ABS: Address Book Synchronization
(IBM) ACK: ACKnowledge
A transmission control character transmitted by a station as an
ABS: Auto Balance System affirmative response to the station with which the connection has
System to reduce vibration and noise in a peripheral (Hardware) been set up. (Communication)
ABS: Automatic Backup System ACL: Access Control List
ABT: ABorT For granting or denying access to computer resources (security)
(Operating systems)
ABTS: Ascii Block Terminal Services
ACL: Advanced Cmos Logic
AC: Access Customer
ACL: Asynchronous ConnectionLess
AC: Alternate Current
ACM: Abstract Control Model
AC: Audio Codec (Software)
ACM: Afp Conversion Module
AC: Authentication Center (Software)
AC: AutoCheck ACM: Association for Computing Machinery
AC: Automatic Computer (Organizations)

ACAP: Application Configuration Access Protocol ACM: Audio Compression Manager

Designed to support remote storage and access of program (Microsoft)
option, configuration and preference information
ACMS: Application Control Management System
ACC: ACCumulator ACNM: Application Centric Network Management
ACC: Authorization Contract for Containers (Software)
Specification (JSR-115) that defines new
ACO: Alternate Checksum Option
classes to satisfy the Java 2 Platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE)
authorization model (Software) (Sun) (Network)

ACD: Automatic Call Distribution ACP: Active Code Page

ACDI: Asynchronous Communications Device ACP: Ancillary Control Program

Interface ACP: Auxiliary Control Process
ACE: Access Control Encryption ACPI: Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
ACR: Advanced Communication Riser
(Hardware) Page 4 of 185


ACR: Allowed Cell Rate ADC: Advanced Data Connector

ACROSS: Automated Cargo Release and Operations (Databases) (Microsoft) A
Service System ADC: Analog to Digital Converter
ACS: Access Control Server A device that translates analog signals to digital signals. Contrast
with digital-to-analog converter (DAC). (Hardware)
ACS: Access Control Set
ADC: Apple Developer Connection
ACS: Access Control System (Apple)
ACS: Admission Control Service ADC: Apple Display Connector
(Network) (Microsoft) (Hardware) (Apple)
ACS: Advanced Computer System ADC: Application Delete Certificate
ADC: Application Development Consultant
ACS: Anti Curl System
ADCAP: ADvanced CAPability
ACS: Asynchronous Communication Server Used to refer to advanced capability, cuttin edge technology, also
in military applications (e.g. ADCAP missile)
ACS: Automatic Class Selection
ADCCP: Advanced Data Communication Control
ACS: Automatic Contrast Selection
ACSE: Association Control Service Element (Communication)
The method used in International Organization for
Standardization's open systems interconnection (OSI) for
ADD: Adapter Device Driver
establishing a call between two applications. ADD: Automatic Document Detection
ACSI: American Customer Satisfaction Index ADE: Application Data Export
ACSM: Application Centric Storage Management (Databases) (Oracle)
(Software) ADF: Adapter Description File
ACSS: Aural Cascading Style Sheets File name extension

ACT: Application Compatibility Toolkit ADF: Automatic Document Feeder

(Software) (Microsoft) Scanner device (Hardware)

ACTS: Advanced Communication Technology ADF: Automatically Defined Function

Satellite ADI: Application Desktop Integrator
(Communication) (NASA) Spreadsheet-based extension of Oracle Applications. It provides
ACTS: Automated Computer Time Server full-cycle accounting within the comfort and familiarity of a
spreadsheet for General Ledger and Oracle Assets (Software)
ACTT: Advanced Communication and Timekeeping (Oracle)
Technology ADI: AutoCad Device Interface
ACU: Automatic Calling Unit Driver

ACVC: Ada Compiler Validation Capacity ADK: Additional Decryption Key

Key to be able to decrypt data even if the private key owner is
AD: Acpi Disassembler
unwilling to provide the private key (Security)
AD: Active Directory
ADK: Appliance Development Kit
(Operating systems)
ADL: Address Data Latch
Programming language named after Augusta Ada Lovelace
(Software) ADL: Architecture Description Language
ADA: Adobe Developers Association
(Organizations) ADLAT: ADaptive LATtice filter
ADA: Automatic Data Acquisitions ADLC: Asynchronous Data Link Control
ADAPT: Architecture, Design, Analysis and Planning ADM: Application Distribution and Management
ADMACS: Apple Document Management And
ADB: Apple Desktop Bus Control System
Bus architecture (Hardware) (Apple)
ADMD: ADministrative Management Domain
ADBS: Advanced Data Broadcast System ADML: Application Description Markup Language
ADC: Active Directory Connector
ADML: Architecture Description Markup Language
(Operating systems)
ADC: Adaptive Data Compression ADMS: Adstar Distributed Management System
ADO: Activex Data Object
ADC: ADd with Carry
(Databases) (Microsoft) Page 5 of 185


ADODB: Activex Data Object DataBase ADW: Alfresco Dynamic Website

(Databases) (Microsoft) Provides a robust, enterprise-class web site assembly framework
that aims to go above and beyond the solutions offered by
ADP: Access Database Project proprietary companies (Software)
Filename extension (Software) (Microsoft)
ADW: Application Development Workbench
ADP: Aol Dynamic Pages (Software)
AE: Above or Equal
ADP: Automatic Data Processing
AeA: America Electronics Association
ADPCM: Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation (Organizations)
Communication protocol (Communication)
AEB: Analog Expansion Bus
ADR: ADdRess (Dialogic)
ADR: Advanced Digital Recording AEC: Architecture, Engineering, Construction
(Hardware) A computer graphics market requiring specialized applications
ADR2: Advanced Digital Recording 2nd generation that facilitate efficient planning, design, drafting, and analysis.
(Hardware) AEGIS: Advanced Electronic Guidance and
ADS: Active Directory Service Instrumentation System
Windows 2000 network objects database that stores each specific AEI: Application Enabling Interface
network item in a central database and that may be replicated
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) AES: Advanced Encryption Standard
ADS: Advanced Digital System
AESA: Atm End System Address
ADS: Application Development Solutions (Communication)
AF: Anisotropic Filtering
ADS: Application Development System
A method of enhancing the image quality of textures on surfaces
ADS: Automatic Distribution System that are far away and steeply angled with respect to the camera
ADS/O: Application Development System / Online
AF: Assured Forwarding
ADSC: Adobe Document Structuring Conventions Using AF, a provider may offer different levels of service for IP
ADSI: Active Directory Service Interface packets received from a customer domain. Each AF class is
allocated a specified amount of buffer space and bandwidth
(Network) (Network)
ADSI: Analog Display Services Interface AF: Auto Focus
ADSL: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (Hardware)
Communication infrastructure (Communication) AFA: Accelerated File Access
ADSM: Adstar Distributed Storage Manager AFAIC: As Far As I'm Concerned
(Databases) (IBM) (Net lingo)
ADSM: Advanced Data Storage Management AFAICT: As Far As I Can Tell
(IBM) (Net lingo)
ADSP: Appletalk DataStream Protocol AFAIK: As Far As I Know
(Apple) (Net lingo)
ADSR: Attack, Decay, Sustain, Release AFAIR: As Far As I Remember
ADT: Abstract Data Type (Net lingo)

ADT: Access Developer Toolkit AFAIUI: As Far As I Understand It

(Software) (Microsoft) (Net lingo)

ADT: Advanced Dram Technology AFC: AntiFerromagnetically-Coupled

(Hardware) Multilayer coating expected to permit hard-disk drives to store
100 billion bits (gigabits) of data per square inch of disk area
ADT: Application Data Type (Hardware) (IBM)
ADT: Atlantic Daylight Time AFC: Application Foundation Classes
Timezone: GMT -4:00 (Software) (Microsoft)
ADTG: Advanced Data Table Gram AFC: Automatic Font Change
Proprietary binary format for storing database data (Databases)
(Microsoft) AFC: Automatic Frequency Control

ADU: Automatic Dialing Unit AFD: Automatic File Distribution

ADUC: Active Directory Users and Computers AFDW: Active Framework for Data Warehousing
A snap-in in the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) (Operating (Microsoft)
systems) (Microsoft) AFFS: Amiga Fast File System
ADW: Advanced Docking Window (Operating systems)
(Software) Page 6 of 185


AFI: Authority and Format Identifier AHS: Abstract Handle Specification

AFII: Association for Font Information Interchange AHST: Alaska-Hawaii Standard Time A
Timezone: GMT -10:00
AFIRM: Automated Fingerprint Image Reporting
and Match AI: Analog Input
AFIS: Automated Fingerprint Identification System AI: Artificial Intelligence
AFK: Away From Keyboard AIA: Applications Integration Architecture
(Net lingo) (DEC)
AFLCD: AntiFerroelectric Liquid Crystal Display AIC: Aixwindows Interface Composer
(Hardware) (IBM)
AFM: Adobe Font Metrics AID: Application IDentifier
File name extension (Adobe)
AIFF: Audio Interchange File Format
AFP: Advanced Function Presentation (Apple)
AIIM: Association for Information and Image
AFP: Advanced Function Printing Management
Suite of electronic printing solutions to turn your invoices, letters,
AIM: Aol Instant Messenger
policies, statements and reports into high-quality, cost-effective
documents (Software) (IBM) AIM: Application Integration Module
AFP: Appletalk Filing Protocol AIM: Application Interface Module
(Communication) (Apple)
AIN: Advanced Intelligent Network
AFPL: Alladin Free Public License
AIO: All In One
AFR: Alternate Frame Rendering
AIP: Application Infrastructure Provider
AIP: Asp Infrastructure Provider
AFR: Annualized Failure Rate
(Hardware) AIR: Architecture Implementation Review
AFS: Andrew File System AIS: Alarm Indication Signal
AFT: Adapter Fault Tolerance AIS: Automated Information System
(Intel) AISB: Association of Imaging Service Bureaus
AFT: Authenticated Firewall Traversal AISI: As I See It
(Net lingo)
AFTP: Anonymous File Transfer Protocol AISP: Association of Information Systems
AGA: Advanced Graphics Adapter Professionals
AGA: Advanced Graphics Architecture AIT: Advanced Intelligent Tape
Graphics architecture for Amiga computers (Hardware)

AGARAS: AntiGlare AntiReflective AntiStatic AIX: Advanced Interactive eXecutive

IBM's Unix (Operating systems) (IBM)
AGC: Automatic Gain Control
(Hardware) AJAX: Asynchronous Javascript Technology and Xml
Using JavaScript technology, an HTML page can asynchronously
AGE: Amorphium Graphics Engine make calls to the server from which it was loaded and fetch XML
AGLR: Anti-Glare, Low Reflection documents. The XML documents may then be used by the
JavaScript technology to update or modify the DOM of the HTML
page (Software)
AGP: Accelerated Graphics Port
AJDT: AspectJ Development Tools
Provides Eclipse platform based tool support for Aspect Oriented
AGU: Address Generation Unit Software Development (AOSD) with AspectJ. See (Software)
Ah: Ampere Hour
Rechargable battery charge measurement unit (Hardware)
AJP: Apache JServ Protocol
Binary, packet-oriented protocol bridging the web server with the
AH: Authentication Header servlet container. The web server attempts to maintain persistent
(Network) TCP connections to the servlet container, and to reuse a
connection for multiple request/response cycles (Software)
AHA: Adaptec Host Adapter
(Hardware) (Adaptec) aka: Also Known As
(Net lingo)
AHDL: Analog Hardware Description Language
ALAT: Advanced Load Address Table
AHDT: Alaska-Hawaii Daylight Time
Timezone: GMT -10:00 ALB: Advanced Load Balancing

AHIG: Apple's Human Interface Guidelines ALC: Airline Link Control

(Software) (Apple) Service protocol (Network) Page 7 of 185


ALC: Application Load Certificate AME: Advanced Metal Evaporation

ALC: Arithmetic and Logic Circuits Recording media technology (Hardware) A
AMG: All Music Guide
ALC: Automatic Level Control
AMHA: Advanced Macro Heuristic Analysis
ALDC: Adaptive Lossless Data Compression
(Dr. Solomon)
AMHIK: Ask Me How I Know
ALE: Account Level Equivalence
(Net lingo)
ALE: Address Latch Enable
AMI: Alternate Mark Inversion
ALE: Application Launch and Embedding
AMI: American Megatrends, Inc.
AMI: Application Messaging Interface
ALE: Application Linking Enabling
AML: Acpi Machine Language
ALEC: Alternative Local Exchange Carrier
(Communication) AMLCD: Active-Matrix Liquid Crystal Display
ALEP: Advanced Language Engineering Platform
AMMA: Advanced Memory Management Architecture
ALG: Application Layer Gateway
Used in conjuction with Network Address Translation (NAT) to AMP: Alfresco Module Package
allow IP address translation (Network) File format. Collection of code, XML, images, CSS, etc. that
collectively extend the functionality or data provided by the
ALGOL: ALGOrithmic Language
standard Alfresco repository (Software)
Programming language (Software)
AMP: Asymmetric MultiProcessing
ALIBI: Adaptive Location of Internetworked Bases
System architecture that uses different types of processors in a
of Information multi-processor system (Hardware)
ALICE: Artificial Linguistic Internet Computer Entity AMP: Attached Media Processor
ALINK: Active LINK (Hardware)

ALIWEB: Archie Like Indexing in the WEB AMPS: Advanced Mobile Phone System
ALM: Application Lifecylcle Management
(Software) AMQRS: Audio Master Quality Recording System
ALM: Asynchronous Line Multiplexer
A device that connects multiple terminals or other serial interface AMR: Adaptive Multi-Rate
devices to Sun network file servers or workstations. Also known Audio Codec. GSM/AMR is an audio standard widely used for
as "multiple terminal interface." audio in GPRS and W-CDMA networks (Communication)
ALN: Asynchronous Learning Network AMR: Audio Modem Riser
ALOM: Advanced Lights Out Management Slot for an internal modem (Hardware)
(Hardware) (Sun) AMS: Advanced Microcomputer System
ALP: Apple List Price (Hardware) (Siemens-Nixdorf)
Recommended retail price for Apple Macintosh equipment Amstrad: Alan Michael Sugar TRADing
(Hardware) (Apple) Eurpean based company that built the first sub $1000 IBM
ALP: Application Layer Program (or Process) compatible PCs in the mid 1980's
A program or process at the Application Layer (Network) ANDF: Architecture-Neutral Distribution Format
ALP: Application Layer Protocol ANI: ANImated cursor
Any network protocol at the application layer (Network) File name extension (Microsoft)
ALP: Automatic Language Processing ANI: Automatic Number Identification
ALR: Advanced Logic Research ANN: ANNotations
ALSA: Architectures of Large Systems of Agents File name extension (IBM)

ALT: ALTernate ANN: Artificial Neural Network

ALU: Arithmetic Logic Unit ANS: Advanced Networking Services

Device in a CPU performing arithmetic operations (Hardware) (Network)

AM: Amplitude Modulation ANS: American National Standard

AMA: Automatic Message Accounting ANSI: American National Standard Institute

An organization that reviews and approves product standards in
AMASS: Archival Management And Storage System the United States. (Organizations)
ANT: Advanced Network Tools
AMD: Active Matrix Display
ANT: Another Neat Tool
AMD: Advanced Micro Devices Ant is a Java based build tool. In theory it is kind of like make
CPU Manufacturer (AMD) without make's wrinkles. See
(Software) Page 8 of 185


ANX: Automotive Network eXchange APF: Automated Purposing Framework

AO: Analog Output Collection of scripts and utilities that enable you to consistently
and reliably prepare computer hardware (BIOS, mass storage)
AO/DI: Always On/Dynamic Isdn and install the Windows operating system and layered products
on one or more build computers (Microsoft)
AOCE: Apple Open Collaborative Environment
API: Application Programming Interface
A set of calling conventions defining how a service is invoked
AOCN: Administrative Operating Company Number through a software package. (Software)
APIC: Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller
AOE: Application Operating Environment (Hardware)
APIPA: Automatic Private Internet Protocol
AoE: Ata Over Ethernet Addressing
Network protocol designed for simple, high-performance access (Network)
of SATA storage devices over Ethernet networks. It gives the
possibility to build SANs with low-cost, standard technologies APIS: Advanced Passenger Information System
(Hardware) APL: A Programming Language
AOL: Alert On Lan (Software)
APL: Applied Physics Laboratory
AOL: America OnLine Advanced research facility in Skaggsville, MD.
APL: Average Picture Level
AOP: Aspect-Oriented Programming Monitor quality parameter (Hardware)
APLSF: A Programming Language with Shared Files
AOP: Association of Online Professionals APM: Advanced Power Management
APM: Application Performance Management
AOS: Add Or Subtract
APN: Access Point Name
AOSD: Aspect-Oriented Software Development
Used on GPRS as access information (Communication)
APNIC: Asia-Pacific Network Information Center
AOT: Ahead Of Time
Programs compilation technique (Software) APOP: Authenticated Post Office Protocol

AOW: Asia and Oceania Workshop APP: Applecare Protection Plan

One of the three regional OSI implementors workshops. Extended warranty (Apple)

AP: Access Point APP: APPlication

(Hardware) File name extension

AP: Access Provider APPC: Advanced Program to Program

(Communication) Communication

AP: Application Processor APPCM: Access Protection and Priority Control

AP: Application Protocol
APPEL: A P3p Preference Exchange Language

APA: Adaptive Packet Assembly APPI: Advanced Peer-to-Peer Internetworking

APA: All Points Addressable
APPN: Advanced Peer-to-Peer Networking
APA: Arithmetic Processing Accelerator (Network) (IBM)
APAR: Authorized Program Analysis Report APR: Advanced Port Replicator
(IBM) (Hardware)
APC: American Power Conversion APR: Apache Portable Runtime
APCUG: Association of Personal Computer User Its mission is to provide a free library of C data structures and
Groups routines, forming a system portability layer to as many operating
systems as possible, including Unices, MS Win32, BeOS and OS/2
APCVG: Association of Personal Computer Users (Software)
APRP: Adaptive Pattern Recognition Processing
APS: Active Pixel Sensor
APDU: Application Protocol Data Unit
APS: Advanced Photo System
APE: Application Performance Explorer
(Software) (Microsoft) APS: Advanced Printing Service
APF: Apple Filing Protocol
(Apple) APS: Analog Protection System
APS: Asynchronous Protocol Specification Page 9 of 185


APS: Automatic Protection Switching ARL: Access Rights List

A mean for automatically detecting and signalling a transmission
link failure (Communication)
ARL: Adjusted Ring Length A
ARLL: Advanced Run Length Limited
APSE: Ada Programming Support Environment
(Software) ARM: Advanced Risc Machine
APSL: Apple Public Source License ARM: Annotated Reference Manual
Software license (Apple)
ARM: Application Response Measurement
APSO: Audio Precision System One (Network)
(Hardware) ARM: Asynchronous Response Mode
APT: Address Pass Through HDLC data transfer mode (Network)

APT: Advanced Package Tool ARMA: Association of Records Managers and

Software download/installation tool for Debian GNU/Linux Administrators
(Operating systems)
ARMD: Atapi Removable Media Device
APT: Advanced Parallel Technology ATAPI devices with removable media that can appear as either a
super-floppy or a hard drive to the operating system. These can
APT: Automatically Programmed Tools be supported as bootable devices by a BIOS complying with the
APTC: Authorized Prometric Testing Center ATAPI Removable Media Device BIOS Specification (Hardware)
Sylvan Prometric is a division of Sylvan Learning Systems. It is ARMS: Architecture for Reliable Managed Storage
the global leader in computer-based testing for academic
assessment, professional licensure, and certification. ARO: Adaptec Raidport Option
(Hardware) (Adaptec)
APTM: Application Program to Transaction Manager
AROM: Alterable Read Only Memory
APU: Audio Processing Unit
(Hardware) ARP: Address Resolution Protocol
The Internet protocol used to dynamically map Internet
APWG: Anti Phishing Working Group addresses to physical (hardware) addresses on local area
See (Organizations) networks. Limited to networks that support hardware broadcast.
AQ: Advanced Queueing
(Databases) (Oracle) ARPA: Advanced Research Projects Agency
Now called Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA),
AR: Access Rate
the U.S. government agency that funded the ARPANET.
The data rate of the user access channel. The rate (maximum) at (Organizations)
which access devices can offer data to the frame relay network
(Communication) ARPANET: Advanced Research Projects Agency
AR: Application Requester
A packet switched network developed in the early 1970s. The
"grandfather" of today's Internet. ARPANET was decommissioned
ARA: Appletalk Remote Access in June 1990.
(Communication) (Apple) ARPL: Adjust Requested Privilege Level
ARAG: AntiReflective, AntiGlare ARQ: Automatic Repeat reQuest
ARAP: Appletalk Remote Access Protocol (Communication)

ARAS: AntiReflective, AntiStatic ARS: Activity Reporting System

ARB: Architecture Review Board ART: Adaptive Resonance Theory

ARC: Advanced Risc Computer ART: Average Response Time

(Hardware) ARTA: Apple Real Time Architecture
ARC: ARChive ARTIC: A Real-Time Interface Coprocessor
File name extension (IBM)
ARCA: Advanced Risc Computing Architecture ARTS: Asynchronous Remote Takeover Server
ARCnet: Attached Resource Computer NETwork ARTT: Asynchronous Remote Takeover Terminal
AREQIPA: Application REQuested Internet Protocol ARU: Audio Response Unit
over Atm
ARX: Autocad Runtime eXtensions
(Software) (Autodesk)
ARF: Abort, Retry, Fail
AS: Advanced Server
ARIN: American Registry for Internet Numbers
AS: Application Server
ARIS: Architecture of Integrated Information
Systems AS: Authentication Service

ARIS: Attack Registry & Intelligence Service AS: Autonomous System

(Security) A self-connected set of networks that are generally operated
within the same administrative domain (Network) Page 10 of 185

AS/400 ASP

AS/400: Application System/400 ASF: Applied Science Fiction

(IBM) Manufacturer (ASF) A
AS/U: Advanced Server for Unix ASI: Asynchronous Scsi Interface
AS3AP: Ansi Sql Standard Scalable And Portable ASI: Automatic System Installation
Database benchmark (Databases)
ASIC: Application-Specific Integrated Circuit
ASA: Active Server Application A gate array or other non-standard chip design for proprietary
(Network) (Microsoft) use. (Hardware)

ASA: Adaptive Security Appliance ASID: Address Space IDentifier

(Hardware) (Cisco) ASIT: Advanced Security and Identification
ASA: American Standards Association Technology

ASA: Architectures of Systems of Agents ASK: Amplitude Shift Keying

ASAI: Adjunct Switch Application Interface ASL: Acpi Source Language

(AT&T) ASL: Adaptive Speed Leveling
ASAP: As Soon As Possible ASL: Age? Sex? Location?
(Net lingo) Used to get to know people better (Net lingo)
ASAP: Automatic Switching And Processing ASL: Apache Software License
ASB: Advanced System Buffering ASL: Arithmetic Shift Left
(Hardware) (Intel) (Software)
ASC: Accredited Standards Committee ASLB: Accelerated Server Load Balancing
ASC: ASCii text ASLM: Apple Shared Library Manager
File name extension (Apple)
ASC: Authorized Support Centers ASLT: Advanced Solid Logic Technology
ASC: Autonomous System Confederation ASM: Advanced Server Manager
(Network) (Operating systems) (Acer)
ASCB: Address Space Control Block ASM: Advanced System Management
Used in IBM Mainframe OS's Multiple Virtual Storage (MVS) - (IBM)
z/OS (Operating systems) (IBM)
ASM: ASseMbler
ASCC: Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator File name extension
ASM: Automatic Storage Management
ASCI: Accelerated Strategic Computing Initiative Oracle 10g database feature that provides the database
ASCII: American Standard Code for Information administrator with a simple storage management interface that is
Interchange consistent across all server and storage platforms (Databases)
The standard binary encoding of alphabetical characters,
numbers, and other keyboard symbols (7 bit character code.) ASMP: ASymmetric MultiProcessing
ASD: Application Structure Database System architecture that uses different types of processors in a
multi-processor system (Hardware)
ASN: Abstract Syntax Notation
ASD: Automatic Skip Driver
The International Organization for Standardization's open
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) systems interconnection (OSI) language for describing abstract
ASDSP: Application-Specific Digital Signal Processor syntax.

ASE: Active Storage Element ASN: Autonomous System Number

ASE: Adaptive Server Enterprise ASO: Automated Systems Operations

(Databases) (Sybase) ASOG: Access Service Ordering Guideline
ASE: Alladin Smartcard Environment ASP: Active Server Pages
ASET: Automated Security Enhancement Tool Dynamic web pages engine (Software) (Microsoft)
A tool that allows a user to specify an overall system security ASP: Advanced Signal Processing
level (low, medium, or high) and automatically maintain systems
at those levels. ASP: Appletalk Session Protocol
ASF: Active Streaming Format ASP: Application Service Provider
(Microsoft) (Software)

ASF: Advanced Streaming Format ASP: Association of Shareware Professionals

ASF: Alert Standard Format
ASP: Authorized Service Provider
ASF: Apache Software Foundation
(Organizations) ASP: Auxiliary Storage Pool
(IBM) Page 11 of 185


ASP: Average Selling (or Street) Price ATAPI: Advanced Technology Attachment Packet
ASPEN: Automatic System for Performance
Interface A
Evaluation of the Network
ATC: Address Translation Controller
ASPI: Advanced Scsi Programming Interface
ATC: Advanced Transfer Cache
ASPN: ActiveState Programmer Network
ATDM: Asynchronous Time Division Multiplexer
ASPS: Advanced Signal Processing System
ASPX: Active Server Pages eXtended ATDNet: Advanced Technology Demonstration
Dynamic web pages engine for the Microsoft .NET framework
(Software) (Microsoft) (Network)

ASQ: Automated Software Quality ATE: Asynchronous Terminal Emulation

(Software) ATE: Atm Terminating Equipment
ASR: Access Service Request ATE: Automatic Test Equipment
ASR: Address Space Register ATEC: Authorized Technical Education Center
ASR: Arithmetic Shift Right (Microsoft)
(Software) ATF: Ajax Toolkit Framework
ASR: Automatic Send-Receive Provides an extensible framework and exemplary tools for
building IDEs for the many different AJAX runtime offerings
(Dojo, Zimbra, Rico, etc) in the market (Software)
ASR: Automatic Server Recovery ATF: Automated Test Facility
(Operating systems)
ATG: Advanced Technology Group
ASR: Automatic Speech Recognition
ATI: Allied Telesyn International
ASR: Automatic System Recovery
Networking hardware manufacturer (Hardware)
AST: AST research, inc. ATIP: Absolute Time In Pregroove
Company named from first initials of the founders: Albert Wong,
Safi Qureshey, Thomas Yuen ATIS: Alliance for Telecommunication Industry
AST: Atlantic Standard Time
Sett (Organizations)
Timezone: GMT -4:00
ATK: Accessibility ToolKit
ASTRAL: Alliance for Strategic Token Ring
Advancement and Leadership ATL: Active Template Library
ASV: Advanced Super View
LCD display technology (Hardware) ATL: Adaptive Threshold Learning
ASVD: Analog Simultaneous Voice & Data ATL: Automated Tape Library
(Communication) (Hardware)

ASX: Asf Stream Redirector ATLAS: Authorization Token Layer Acquisition

File format (Microsoft) Service
Describes the service needed to acquire authorization tokens to
ASYNC: ASYNchronous Communication access a target system using the CSIv2 protocol. This design
Communication protocol (Communication) defines a single interface with which a client acquires an
authorization token
AT: Advanced Technology
an IBM personal computer. Also a motherboard's form factor ATM: Adobe Type Manager
(IBM) (Software) (Adobe)
AT: ATtention ATM: Air Traffic Management
Modem command prefix. Defined by the modem command set
developed by the Hayes company for use on its modems and now ATM: Asynchronous Transfer Mode
used on most modems (Communication) A standard for switching and routing all types of digital
information, including video, voice, and data. With ATM, digital
AT: Azores Time information is broken up into standard-sized packets, each with
Timezone: GMT -2:00 the "address" of its final destination. (Communication)

AT&T: American Telephone And Telegraph ATM: At The Moment

(Net lingo)
ATA: Advanced Technology Attachment
Peripheral bus architecture (Hardware) ATM: Automatic Teller Machine
ATAG: Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines ATMS: Assumption based Truth Maintenance
W3C recommendation that explains how to develop authoring System
tools that make it easier to produce accessible Web pages that
conform to the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG)
ATN: Australian Technology Network
ATOB: Ascii TO Binary Page 12 of 185


ATOMM: Advanced super Thinlayer and high-Output AV: Authenticity Verification

Metal Media
AVA: Audio Visual Authoring A
ATP: Appletalk Transaction Protocol (IBM)
(Communication) (Apple)
AVA: Avaya Certified Associate
ATP: Application Transaction Program
AVATAR: Advanced Video Attribute Terminal
ATP: Available To Promise Assembler and Recreator
ATP2: AppleTalk Phase 2 AVC: Advanced Visual Computing
ATPS: AppleTalk Printing Services
(Apple) AVC: Audio Visual Connection
ATR: Advanced Telecommunication Research
(Organizations) AVD: Alternating Voice and Data
ATR: Answer To Reset AVE: Autocad Visualization Extension
ATR: Automatic Terminal Recognition AVG: AVeraGe
ATRAC: Adaptive TRansform Acoustic Coding AVGA: Advanced Video Graphic Array
Audio compression algorithm, introduced by Sony for its Mini
AVI: Audio Video Interleaved
Disk, which relies on the masking of low-amplitude frequency
components by temporaly adjacent high-amplitude components File Format
(Sony) AVK: Application Verification Kit
ATS: Abstract Test Suite Tool intended to help developers test their applications for correct
(Communication) use of J2EE APIs and portability across J2EE compatible
application servers, and to help developers avoid inadvertently
ATS: Administrative Terminal System writing non-portable code (Software) (Sun)
ATS: Apple Terminal Services AVP: Attribute-Value Pair
ATS: Automatic Tuning and troubleshooting System AVR: Automatic Voice Recognition
Binary reoptimization and recompilation tool that can be used for
AVR: Automatic Voltage Regulation
tuning and troubleshooting applications (Software) (Sun)
AVS: Adult Verification Service
ATU: Adsl Transceiver Unit
AVT: Applied Voice Technology
Commonly referred to as a DSL "modem" (Hardware)
AVT: Attribute Value Template
ATU-C: Adsl Transceiver Unit - Central
In a DSL loop, the line card plugged into the DSLAM (Hardware)
AVTK: Anti Virus ToolKit
ATU-R: Adsl Transceiver Unit - Remote
Commonly referred to as a DSL "modem" (Hardware)
AVVID: Architecture for Voice, Video and
ATVEF: Advanced TeleVision Enhancement Forum
Integrated Data
(Communication) (Cisco)
ATX: Advanced Technology eXtended
AWAC: Audio Waveform Amplifier and Converter
Motherboard format (Hardware) (Intel)
AWC: Advanced Web Creations
AU: AUdio
File name extension AWD: Access Workflow Designer
Organize and track information (Microsoft)
AUC: AUthentication Center
AWDE: Artus Wireless Data Enhancer
AUDIT: AUtomated Data Input Terminal
(Communication) (Nokia)
AUI: Attachment Unit Interface
AWE: Address Windowing Extensions
AUI: Audible User Interface (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
AUP: Acceptable User Policy AWE: Advanced Wave Effects
AUT: Application Under Test (Creative Labs)

AUTODIN: AUTOmatic DIgital Network AWG: American Wire Gauge

AUTOVON: AUTOmatic VOice Network AWK: Aho, Weinberger and Kernighan

Unix language named after its authors: Al Aho, Peter Weinberger
AUX: Apple UniX and Brian Kernighan
AUX: AUXiliary AWS: Advanced Workstations and Systems
AV: Access Violation (IBM)
(Software) AWT: Abstract Windows Toolkit
AV: Anti Virus (Software) (Sun)

AV: Audio Video AX: Architecture eXtended Page 13 of 185


AXI: American eXpress Interactive BAS: Borland AppServer

(Borland) A
B BASDA: Business and Accounting Software
b: Bit Developers Association
B: Bold
HTML tag BASH: Bourne Again SHell

B: Byte BASIC: Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction

B&W: Black & White Programming language (Software)
B/F: Background/Foreground BASM: Built-in ASseMbler
B2B: Business to Business BAT: Baby Advanced Technology
B2C: Business To Customer A type of system board (Hardware)

B2E: Business To Employee BAT: BATch

File name extension
B2G: Business to Government
E-commerce model BAT: Block Address Translation
B2X: Binary To heXadecimal BAWUG: Bay Area Wireless Users Group
(IBM) (Organizations)

B8ZS: Binary 8 Zero Substitution BB: BridgeBoard

Replaces strings of zeroes by pattern with pulses (Communication) BBB: Better Business Bureau
BA: Bell Atlantic (Organizations)

BA: Brokering Agent BBB: Bit By Bit

BACP: Bandwidth Allocation Control Protocol BBIALB: Be Back In A Little Bit
(Communication) (Net lingo)

BAD: Broken As Designed BBL: Be Back Later

BAFUG: Bay Area Freebsd Users Group BBLT: Bus BLock Transfer
(Organizations) BBR: Back Bone Ring
BAI: Bank Administration Institute BBS: Be Back Soon
File / report format used in financial services industry (Software) (Net lingo)
BAID: Bios Aware Ipl Device BBS: Bios Boot Specification
(Hardware) (Hardware)
BAK: BAcKup BBS: Bulletin Board System
File name extension (Communication)
BAK: Binary Adaptation Kit BC: Base Code
BC: Business Component
BAKOM: BundesAmt für KOMmunikation (Software)
Swiss regulatory Organisation (Organizations)
BC4J: Business Components For Java
BAL: Basic Assembly Language Java 2 platform, Enterprise Edition (J2EE) framework that helps
BALUN: BALanced UNbalanced developers quickly construct high-performance J2EE applications
following industry-standard design patterns (Software) (Oracle)
BAM: Bidirectional Associative Memory
BCA: BroadCast Agent
BAM: Boyan Action Module Business Objects broadcast agent. See also (Software)
BAP: Bandwidth Allocation Protocol
BCC: Blind Carbon Copy
BAPI: Business Application Programming Interface
(Software) BCC: Block Check Character
In longitudinal redundancy checking and cyclic redundancy
BAR: Base Address Register checking, a character transmitted by the sender after each
BARB: Board ARBiter message block and compared with a block-check character
computed by the receiver to determine if the transmission was
Part of the bus arbitration system (Hardware) (Sun)
BARRNET: Bay Area Regional Research NETwork
BCD: Binary-Coded Decimal
BART: Basic Application RunTime Character encoding scheme
BARTS: Bell Atlantic Regional TimeSharing BCDBS: Broadband Connectionless Data Bearer
File name extension BCDIC: Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code Page 14 of 185


BCEL: Byte Code Engineering Library BDE: Borland Database Engine

Library intended to give users a convenient possibility to analyze, (Databases) (Borland)
create, and manipulate (binary) Java class files (Software)
BDF: Bitmap Description Format
BCF: Base station Control Function
BDK: Bean Development Kit B
BCF: Busy Call Forwarding (Software) (Sun)
BCL: Base Class Library BDLC: Burroughs Data Link Control
(Software) (Microsoft)
BDLS: BiDirectional Loop Switching
BCL: Batch Command Language
BDM: Background Debug Mode
BCN: Backbone Concentrator Node (Hardware)
BCNF: Boyce/Codd Normal Form BDOS: Basic Disk Operating System
BCNU: Be Seeing You (Operating systems)
(Net lingo) BDR: Bus Device Request
BCP: Basic Call Process BDSL: Broadband Digital Subscriber Line
BCP: Best Current Practice (Communication)
Means that a certain manner of proceeding is in general the most BE: Below or Equal
logical choice - a de facto standard of sorts
BECN: Backward Explicit Congestion Notification
BCP: Binary Communications Protocol A bit sent by a frame relay network to notify an interface device
BCP: Bridging Control Protocol (DTE) that congestion avoidance procedures should be initiated
by the sending device (Communication)
BCP: Bulk Copy Program
BEDO: Burst Data Extended Output
BCP: Byte Control Protocol (Hardware)
BEEP: Blocks Extensible Exchange Protocol
BCPL: Basic Computer Programming Language
BCR: Best Cost Routing Control character
BELLCORE: BELL COmmunications REsearch
BCR: Byte Count Register
BER: Basic Encoding Rules
BCRC: Business Component Request Center Standard rules for encoding data units described in ASN.1.
(Software) Sometimes incorrectly lumped under the term ASN.1, which
properly refers only to the abstract syntax description language,
BCS: Banking Communication Standard not the encoding technique.
BCS: Bar Code Sorter BER: Bit Error Rate
BCS: Basic Catalog Structure (Communication)
(Operating systems) (IBM) BERT: Bit Error Rate Test
BCS: Basic Content Service (Communication)
(Software) BEST: Borland Enhanced Support and Training
BCS: Binary Compatibility Standard BET: Bit Enhancement Technology
BCS: British Computer Society (Hardware)

BCSM: Basic Call Sate Model BEV: Boot Entry Vector

A field in the Plug and Play (PnP) Header of a device with an
BCSP: BlueCore Serial Protocol associated option ROM. Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) is
Host controller interface (HCI) procotol (Communication) implemented as a BEV option ROM (Hardware)
BCU: Bios Configuration Utility BF: Bad Flag
BCU: Bus Controller Unit BFC: BrieFCase
BCV: Boot Connection Vector Filename extension (Software) (Microsoft)
A field in the Plug and Play (PnP) header for a device with an BFE: Bum F*** Egypt
associated option ROM (Hardware) A remote unknown location (Net lingo)
BD: Blu-ray Disc BFF: Binary File Format
Name of a next-generation optical disc format jointly developed (IBM)
by thirteen leading consumer electronics and pc companies
(Hardware) BFN: Bye For Now
BDA: Bios Data Area (Net lingo)

BDB: Berkeley DataBase BFRS: Base File Record Segment

(Databases) BFS: Business Forecasting Software
BDC: Backup Domain Controller BFT: Binary File Transfer
Secondary to the PDC, provides user/computer domain
BFTP: Batch File Transfer Protocol
authentication (Operating systems) (Microsoft) Page 15 of 185


BGA: Ball-Grid Array BIOML: BIOpolymer Markup Language

Integrated circuit (IC) packaging that uses half-spherical contacts XML language designed to be used for the annotation of
versus pins (Hardware) biopolymer sequence information. BIOML allows the full
specification of all experimental information known about
BGAN: Broadband Global Area Network
molecular entities composed of biopolymers, for example,
proteins and genes
BGE: Branch if Greater or Equal BIOS: Basic Input/Output System
BGI: Borland Graphics Interface The program a personal computer's microprocessor uses to get
the computer system started after you turn it on
File name extension
BIP: Bit Interleaved Parity
BGP: Border Gateway Protocol
An Internet routing protocol used to pass routing information BIPM: Bureau International des Poids et des
between different administrative routing domains or Autonomous Mesures
Systems. BGP does not pass explicit topology information and is (Organizations)
often used between Internet service providers (Network)
BIPS: Bank Internet Payment System
BGT: Branch if Greater Than
The BIPS specification includes a protocol for sending payment
BHI: Branch if HIgher instructions to banks safely over the Internet and a payment
server architecture for processing those payment instructions
BHIS: Branch if HIgher or Same
BIPV: Bit Interleaved Parity Violation
BHLI: Broadband High Layer Information
BIRT: Business Intelligence and Reporting Tools
BHO: Browser Helper Object Open source, Eclipse-based reporting system that integrates with
(Software) (Microsoft) your application to produce compelling reports for both web and
PDF. See also (Software)
BI: Binary Input
BIS: Boot Integrity Service
BI: Business Intelligence
BIS: Business Information System
BIA: Burned-In Address
A.k.a. MAC Address; unique identifier coded into every NIC BISDN: Broadband Integrated Services Digital
(Network) Network
BIAB: Band-In-A-Box
BISP: Business Information System Program
BIB: Back In Business
Usually said after saying BRB (Be Right Back) to say that you're BISSI: Broadband Inter-Switching System Interface
back (Net lingo)
BIST: Built-In Self Test
BIB: BIBliography
BISYNC: BInary SYNchronous Communications
File name extension
BIT: Binary digIT
BICI: Broadband InterCarrier Interface
BIT: Binary Improvement Tool
BiDi: BIDIrectional
Works directly with SPARC binaries to instrument, optimize, and
BIDS: Borland International Data Structures analyze them for performance or code coverage (Software) (Sun)

BIF: Benchmark Interchange Format BitBLT: BIT BLock Transfer

In computer graphics, a standardized file structure for specifying A raster operation that moves a block of bits representing some
the geometry of a particular data set from a particular application portion of an image or scene from one location in the frame
as well as the user interactions to be performed. buffer to another.
BIFET: BIpolar Field Effect Transistor BITNET: Because It's Time NETwork
Academic computer network based originally on IBM mainframe
BIFF: Binary Interchange File Format
systems interconnected via leased 9600 bps lines.
BIFS: BInary Format for Scenes
BITNIC: BITnet Network Information Center
BIG: Business Information Guide
BITS: Background Intelligent Transfer Service
Data warehousing (Databases)
Enables developers to write client applications that transfer files
BIM: Beginning of Information Marker asynchronously between a client and server. BITS automatically
resumes file transfers after network disconnects and machine
BIM: Broadband Interface Module reboots (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
BIN: BINary BITS: Bump-In-The-Stack
File name extension Configuration where IPsec is implemented "underneath" an
existing implementation of an IP protocol stack, between the
BINAC: BINary Automatic Computer native IP and the local network drivers. This approach, when it is
BIND: Berkeley Internet Name Daemon adopted, is usually employed in hosts (Network)
(Network) BITW: Bump-In-The-Wire
BINHEX: BINary HEXadecimal Configuration where IPsec is implemented through the use of an
outboard crypto processor. Such implementations may be
BINL: Boot Information Negotiation Layer designed to serve either a host or a gateway (or both) (Network)
(Operating systems)
BIU: Bus Interface Unit
(Hardware) Page 16 of 185


BIW: Business Intelligence Warehouse BMR: Ballistic Magneto-Resistive

Hard disk head technology (Hardware)
BIX: Byte Information eXchange
Byte's bulletin board system BMS: Basic Mapping Support
BJ: Bubble Jet BMS: Broadcast Message Server B
(Hardware) (Canon)
BMU: Bmc Management Utility
BJC: Bubble Jet Color
BMUG: Berkeley Macintosh User Group
(Hardware) (Canon)
BN: Backbone Network
BKM: Best Known Method
Large network to which many networks within an organization are
Based on previous experience, the prefered method for connected (Network)
completing a task
BNC: Bayonet Neill-Concelman
Connector (Hardware)
BL: BackLit
BNC: Bayonet Nut Connector
BL: Bit Line (Hardware)
BLAST: BLocked ASynchronous Transmission BNC: British Naval Connector
Protocol Connector (Hardware)
BLE: Branch if Less or Equal BNE: Branch if Not Equal
BLER: BLock ERror BNF: Backus Naur Form
Syntax description for programming languages
BLERT: BLock Error Rate Test
(Communication) BNP: Broadband Network Premises
BLISS: Broadband Local Integrated Services BNS: Backbone Network Service
Solution (Network)
Allows service providers to offer a bundle of packet-based
BNU: Basic Networking Utilities
services including local and long distance voice services and high-
speed data (Network) (Cisco) BO: Binary Output
BLK: BLocK BO: Business Object
BLL: Business Logic Layer (Software)

BLLI: Broadband Low Layer Information BOA: Basic Object Adapter

BLMC: Buried Logic MacroCell BoB: Break-Out Box

BLOB: Binary Large OBject BOC: Basic Operator Console

(Databases) BOC: Bell Operating Company
BLOG: weB LOG More commonly referred to as RBOC for "regional Bell operating
company." The local telephone company in each of the seven
BLOS: Branch if LOwer Or Same U.S. regions.
BLT: Baghdad Local Time BOCA: Borland Object Component Architecture
Timezone: GMT +3:00
BOCS: Business Object Component Set
BLT: BLock Transfer (Software)
BMC: Baseboard Management Controller BOD: Bandwidth On Demand
Specialized microcontroller embedded on the motherboard of (Network)
many computers, especially servers. The BMC is the intelligence
in the IPMI architecture. The BMC manages the interface between BOF: Beginning Of File
system management software and platform hardware (Hardware) BOF: Bird Of a Feather
BMI: Branch if MInus Small conference

BMIC: BusMaster Interface Controller BoF: Buffer OverFlow

(Intel) (Security)

BML: Bean Markup Language BOFH: Bastard Operator From Hell

A system administrator or technician with very little patience who
BML: Business Management Layer
frequently does evil things to users (Net lingo)
BMOS: Bipolar Metal Oxide Semiconductor
BOGOF: Buy One Get One Free
BMP: Basic Multilingual Plane Denotes cheap stuff that usually comes in bundled or packaged
First 16-bit subset of the universal character set (UCS). Also form; connotation is "low quality" (Net lingo)
known as Plane 0
BOHICA: Bend Over, Here It Comes Again
BMP: Batch Message Processing (Net lingo)
BMP: Bean-Managed Persistence BOI: Business Object Interface
(Software) (Software)
BMP: BitMaP BOL: Books OnLine
File Format for bitmapped images (Microsoft) Page 17 of 185


BOM: Basic Online Memory bpp: Bits Per Pixel

BPR: Business-Process Reengineering
BOM: Beginning Of Message
bps: Bits Per Second
BOM: Byte Order Mark Transfer speed (Communication) B
BOND: Bandwidth ON Demand Bps: Bytes Per Second
Transfer speed (Communication)
BONE: BeOs Networking Environment
(Operating systems) BPSK: Binary Phase-Shift Keying
BONM: Business-Oriented Network Management BPSS: Business Process Specification Schema
BOOTP: BOOTstrap Protocol
A legacy remote booting protocol developed originally for use BPU: Branch Processing Unit
with UNIX (Network)
BPV: BiPolar Violation
BOP: Bit-Oriented Protocol T1 line code error with AMI encoding (Communication)
BR: Bad Register
BOPS: Billion Operations Per Second
BR: BReak
BOPS: Billions of Processes Per Second HTML tag
Processing speed (Hardware)
BRAN: Broadband Radio Access Networks
BOR: Business Objects Repository An ETSI project, it provides telecommunications services the
(Software) middle ground between mobile systems and the wired access
world. BRAN is working on radio systems to meet the new
BOS: Basic Operating System requirements of the information age (Communication)
BOT: Beginning Of Table BRB: Be Right Back
BOT: Beginning Of Tape (Net lingo)
(Hardware) BRD: Blue Ray Disk
BOT: Build, Operate and Transfer (Hardware)

BOT: roBOT BRF: Benchmark Report Format

In computer graphics, a standard format for reporting benchmark
BP: BackPropagation results. This format provides the purchaser with a consistent data-
BP: Base Pointer tracking system for comparing hardware platforms.
Processor register (Hardware) (Intel) BRGC: Binary Reflected Gray Code
BP: Business Planner BRI: Basic Rate Interface
(Software) (Microsoft) One of the standard ISDN interfaces defined by the CCITT
protocols. BRI consists of two B channels (64 kbps) and one D
BPB: Bios Parameter Block channel (16 kbps). (Communication)
BPCS: Business Planning and Control System BRI: Brain Response Interface
An ERP/MRP program (Software)
BRIEF: Basic Reconfigurable Interactive Editing
BPDU: Bridge Protocol Data Unit Facility
BPEL: Business Process Execution Language BRS: Big Red Switch
BRT: Be Right There
BPEL4WS : Business Process Execution Language (Net lingo)
For Web Services
(Software) BRU: Backup/Restore Utility
BPF: Berkeley Packet Filter
BS: BackSpace
bpi: Bits Per Inch
Recording Density BS: Banded Signaling

BPI: Business Process Integration BS: Base Station

BPL: Branch if Plus BS: BullSh**

You say this when you think someone is lying (Net lingo)
BPL: Broadband over Power Lines
(Network) BSA: Business Software Alliance

Bpl: Bytes Per Line BSAM: Basic Sequential Access Method

BPM: Business Process Management BSC: Base Station Controller

Knowledge between management and information technology, BSC: Binary Synchronous Communication
encompassing methods, techniques and tools to design, enact, Communication protocol (Communication)
control, and analyze operational business processes (Software)
BSC: Boyan SCript
BPN: Business Partner Network
File name extension
BPO: Business Process Outsourcer Page 18 of 185


BSC: Bus State Controller BTA: But Then Again

(Hardware) (Net lingo)
BSCM: Binary Synchronous Communications Module BTAM: Basic Tape Access Method
BSCS: Bachelor of Science in Computer Science BTAM: Basic Telecommunication Access Method B
BSD: Berkeley Software Distribution
UNIX versions developed at the University of California at BTB: Branch Target Buffer
Berkeley. (Operating systems) (Hardware)
BSDL: Boundary Scan Description Language BTC: Bit Test and Complement
A subset of VHDL, it describes how JTAG is implemented in a
particular device. (Hardware) BTI: Business Type Identifier

BSDS: BootStrap Data Set BTL: Bell Telephone Laboratories

BSE: Bladecenter Storage Expansion BTLB: Block Translation Look-aside Buffer

(Hardware) BTM: Benchmark Timing Methodology
BSF: Bean Scripting Framework In computer graphics, a method of measuring how long it takes
to run the purchaser's benchmark interchange format program.
Architecture for incorporating scripting into Java applications and
applets (Software) BTO: Built To Order
BSF: Bit Scan Forward BTOA: Binary TO Ascii
BSI: Bentley Systems, Incorporated BTP: Batch Transfer Program
BSI: BiSynchronous Interface BTR: "Bet The Ranch"
BTR: Bit Test and Reset
BSI: British Standards Institute
BTS: Base Transceiver Station
BSM: Basic Storage Module
BTS: Bit Test and Set
BTSOOM: Beats The S**t Out Of Me
BSM: Business System Management
(Net lingo)
BTT: Back To the Top
BSML: Bioinformatic Sequence Markup Language
Used in an on-line discussion forum to bump a topic back to the
BSOD: Blue Screen Of Death top of the page where more people can see it (Net lingo)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) BTU: Basic Transmission Unit
BSP: Binary Space Partitioning BTU: British Thermal Unit
BSP: Bulk Synchronous Parallelism A unit of thermal energy

BSP: Business Service Provider BTW: By The Way

(Net lingo)
BSR: Bit Scan Reverse
BTX: Balanced Technology eXtended
BSRAM: Burst Static Random Access Memory
Motherboard form factor, designed to replace ATX (Hardware)
BTX: BildschirmTeXt
BSS: Basic Service Set
(Communication) BU: Bluetooth Unit
BSS: Block Started by Symbol
BU: Branch Unit
BSS: Broadband Switching System
BU: Bulk Update
BSS: Business Support System
Updating many rows in a table in a single operation (Databases)
Network management software to monitor performance and
resources (Software) BUBL: BUlletin Board for Libraries
BSSID: Basic Service Set IDentifier BUF: BUFfer
BUI: BUs Interface
BSSMAP: Base Station System Management
BURN: Buffer UnderRuN
Application Part
BST: Binary Search Tree
BUS: Broadcast and Unknown Server
BST: British Summer Time (Network)
Timezone: GMT +0:00
BVCP: Banyan Vines Control Protocol
BSV: Boot Sector Virus
BVH: Base Video Handler
BVO: Business Value Orientation
BT: Bit Test
BVT: Behavioral Verification Technology
BT: Bus Terminator (IBM) Page 19 of 185


BVT: Build Verification Test CAEN: Chemically-Assembled Electronic

BW: Bus Watcher
Mechanism that converts XDBus signals to XBus signals and
passes them to the Module XBus Cache Controller (Hardware)
CAEX: Computer Aided EXploration
CAG: Column Address Generator
BWA: Broadband Wireless Access
(Communication) CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate C
BWBM: BandWidth Balancing Mechanism CAI: Computer Associates International
BWL: Black Wing Lair
A 40 man raid dungeon is World of Warcraft. (Games)
CAI: Computer-Aided Instruction

BWM: Block-Write Mode CAIRN: Collaborative Advanced Interagency

Research Network
BYOB: Bring Your Own Beer
CAIS: Common Apse Interface Specification
(Net lingo)
BYORL: Bring Your Own Rocket Launcher CAL: CALendar
(Net lingo) CAL: Client Access License
BZR: Bit Zone Recording CAL: Computer Aided Logistics
CAL: Computer-Assisted Learning
CALL: Computer-Aided Language Learning
C: C
CALS: Continuous Acquisition and Life-cycle Support
Programming language
CAM: Common Access Method
C&T: Chips And Technologies
C/D: Control Data
CAM: Computer-Aided Manufacturing
C/S: Client/Server
CAM: Content-Addressable Memory
C2D: Character To Decimal Special type of computer memory used in certain very high speed
(IBM) searching applications (Hardware)
C2T: Cable Changing Technology CAMAC: Computer Automated Measurement And
C2X: Character To heXadecimal
(IBM) CAMM: Computer Assisted Material Management
CA: Certification Authority CAMMU: CAche/Memory Management Unit
CA: Chromatic Aberration
CA: Collision Avoidance
CAN: Controller Area Network
CAAD: Computer Aided Architectural Design
CANBUS: Controller Area Network BUS
CAB: CABinet
File name extension (Microsoft)
CAO: Computer Account Object
CAB: Compressed Application Binary
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
CAO: Computer Aided Office
CABS: Carrier Access Billing System
CAP: CAPture
CAC: Connection Admission Control
File name extension
CACP: Central Arbitration Control Point
CAP: Carrierless Amplitude and Phase modulation
CAD: Computer-Aided Design (Communication)
Use of computer graphics technology to design electronic and
mechanical parts and machinery. CAP: Central Arbitration Point

CAD: Custom Application Developer CAP: Communication Application Platform

CADD: Computer-Aided Design and Drafting CAP: Competitive Access Provider

CADE: Client/server Application Development CAP: Computer-Aided Planning

Environment CAP: Computer-Aided Publishing
CADE: Computer-Aided Document Engineering CAP: Converted APplet
CAE: Client Application Enabler (Software)

CAE: Common Application Environment CAPD: Computing to Assist Persons with Disabilities

CAE: Computer Aided Education CAPE: Concurrent Art-to-Product Environment

CAE: Computer-Aided Engineering CAPI: Common Application Programming Interface

(Communication) Page 20 of 185


CAPP: Computer Aided Process Planning CAT: Computer-Aided Telephony

CAPS: CAPitalS CAT: Computer-Aided Testing
Uppercase letters
CAT: Computer-Assisted Training
CAPS: CAssette Programming System
CAT: Computer-Assisted Translation
CAPTCHA: Completely Automated Public Turing test Indicates the use of a series of data processing tools aimed at
to tell Computers and Humans Apart assisting the translator on a level of coherency (consistency) of
the text and in terms of working speed
Pronounced as "KAP.chuh", it's a computer-generated test that
humans can pass but computer programs cannot. For more CATIA: Computer Aided Three-dimensional
information, see,
Interactive Application or CAD/CAM program from Dassault Systems

CAQ: Computer Aided Quality CATID: CATegory IDentifier

CAR: Committed Access Rate
(Cisco) CATS: Computer Assisted Training System

CAR: Courtesy Amount Recognition CATV: CAble TeleVision

CARB: Central ARBiter
On Sun servers, a system of central arbiters (one CARB on the CATV: Community Antenna TeleVision
control board) and a board arbiter (BARB) (one on every system (Hardware)
board) determine which processor on which system board
controls the system bus at any given time. (Hardware) (Sun)
CAU: Cable Access Unit
CARCAS: Computer Aided aRchiving and Change
Accounting System CAU: Controlled Access Unit

CARL: Colorado Alliance of Research Libraries CAV: Constant Angular Velocity

CARP: Cache Array Routing Protocol
(Microsoft) CAVE: Computer-Assisted Virtual Environment

CARP: Common Address Redundancy Protocol CAVERN: Computer-Assisted Virtual Environment

Allows multiple hosts on the same local network to share a set of
Research Network
IP addresses among them (Network) CAVIT: Convergence of Audio/Video Information
CART: Computer-Assisted Radar Tomography Technology

CAS: Channel Associated Signaling CAWE: Computer-Aided Web Engineering

CAS: Code Access Security CBA: Can't Be Arsed

(Operating systems) (Microsoft) For when you can't be bothered (Net lingo)

CAS: Column Address Select CBBS: Computer Bulletin Board System

CAS: Column Address Strobe CBC: Cipher Block Chaining

CAS: Communication Applications Specification CBCR: Channel Byte Count Register

CAS: Computer Algebra System CBCS: Computer Based Conversation System

CAS: Computer-Aided Styling CBD: Component-Based Development

CAS: Computerized Autodial System
CBDO: Chief Business Development Officer
CASE: Computer-Aided Software Engineering
CBDS: Connectionless Broadband Data Service
CASL: Crosstalk Application Scripting Language
CBEMA: Computer and Business Equipment
CASS: Computer Assisted Search Service Manufacturers Association
CASSIS: Classified and Search Support Information CBGA: Ceramic Ball Grid Array
CBI: Computer Based Instruction
CAT: CATalog
File name extension CBIOS: Compatibility Basic Input Output System

CAT: CATegory CBIR: Committed Rate Information Burst

Short term used to refer to different types of cabling (ie. CAT5.) The rate above the Committed Information Rate (CIR) up to
(Hardware) which the frame relay network can transmit (Communication)

CAT: Central Alaska Time CBL: CoBoL

Timezone: GMT -10:00 File name extension

CAT: Common Authentication Technology CBL: Common Business Library

CAT: Computer Adaptive Test

CAT: Computer Aided Tomography
CAT: Computer Aided Transcription Page 21 of 185


CBL: Composite Blocking List CCD: Charge Coupled Device

Takes its source data from very large spamtraps/mail (Hardware)
infrastructures, and only lists IPs exhibiting characteristics which
are specific to open proxies of various sorts which have been CCDA: Cisco Certified Design Associate
abused to send spam, worms/viruses that do their own mail Introductory to mid-level certification for IT professionals who
transmission can design routed and switched network infrastructures involving
LAN, WAN, and dial access services for businesses and
CBL: Computer Based Learning organizations (Cisco)
CBLT: Character BLock Transfer CCDP: Cisco Certified Design Professional
CBM: Commodore Business Machines Mid to advanced-level certification for IT professionals who can
design routed and switched networks involving LAN, WAN, and
Company; among the first home computer manufacturers (PET,
dial access services (Cisco)
VIC20, C64, C128, Amiga)
CCEA: Citrix Certified Enterprise Administrator
CBMS: Computer-Based Mail System
Mid level certification for IT professionals who want to expand
CBO: Cost-Based Optimizer their knowledge of Citrix products and give them even more
(Databases) (Oracle) extensive experience installing and administering the Citrix
MetaFrame suite of products
CBQ: Class-Based Queuing
A public domain QoS methodology for classifying packets and
CCF: Cold-Cathode Fluorescent
queuing them according to criteria defined by an administrator to (Hardware)
provide differential forwarding behavior for each traffic class
CCF: Common Connector Framework
(Software) (IBM)
CBR: Case Based Reasoning
CCF: Connection Control Function
CBR: Constant Bit Rate
CCFT: Cold Cathode Fluorescent Tube
A class of service defined by ATM. Multimedia streams—audio and
video—are examples of CBR applications, since they send at a CCI: Common Client Interface
relatively steady data rate with constant bandwidth allocations
(Network) CCIC: Committee on Computing, Information and
CBT: Canon Buffer Transmission
CBT: Computer Based Training
CCIE: Cisco Certified Internet Expert
CBT: Core Based Tree Advanced-level certification for IT professionals who have the
(Network) training, experience and confidence to tackle the most
challenging problems in their field (Cisco)
CBW: Convert Byte to Word
CCIN: Coordinating Committee of International
CBWFQ: Class-Based Weighted Fair Queueing Networks
Extends the standard WFQ functionality to provide support for
user-defined traffic classes. For CBWFQ, you define traffic classes CCIP: Cisco Certified Internetwork Professional
based on match criteria including protocols, access control lists Mid-level certification for IT professionals who have a detailed
(ACLs), and input interfaces (Network) (Cisco) understanding of networking technologies in the service provider
arena including IP routing, IP QoS, BGP, and MPLS (Cisco)
CBX: Computer-controlled Branch Exchange
CCIR: Comité Consultatif International de la Radio
CC: Call Control
A treaty organization, part of the International
(Communication) Telecommunications Union (ITU), responsible for obtaining
CC: Carbon Copy international agreement on standards for radio and television
transmission and the international exchange of programs.
CC: Cascade Correlation
CCIS: Common Channel Interoffice Signaling
CC: Cluster Controller
CCITT: Comité Consultatif International de
CC: Control Channel Télégraphique et Téléphonique
(Communication) Now it's called ITU (Organizations)
CC: Credit Card CCK: Client Customization Kit
CC: Cross Connector Set of tools that help distributors customize and distribute the
client. Support is provided for creating CD and download
CC/PP: Composite Capability/Preference Profile installers. Wizards are provided to simplify customization,
installation, and ISP signup
CCA: Cardholder Certification Authority
CCK: Complementary Code Keying
CCA: Citrix Certified Administrator (Communication)
Entry to mid level certification for IT professionals who want to
“demonstrate product expertise on Citrix platform products (Citrix CCKM: Cisco Centralized Key Management
MetaFrame XP Presentation Server, Citrix MetaFrame 1.8 for Using CCKM authenticated client devices can roam from one
Windows, or Citrix MetaFrame Presentation Server for UNIX) access point to another without any perceptible delay during
reassociation (Network) (Cisco)
CCAF: Call Control Agent Function
CCL: Common Command Language
CCC: Chaos Computer Club
CCL: Connection Control Language
CCC: Computer Control Center
CCL: Console Command Language
CCC: Cordless Computer Connection
(Hardware) (IBM) CCM: Change Configuration Management Page 22 of 185


CCM: Comprehensive Client Manager CCSP: Cisco Certified Security Professional

Advanced-level certification for IT professionals who are actively
CCM: Concurrency Control Mechanism
involved in developing business solutions and designing and
(Databases) delivering multiple levels of security departments (Cisco)
CCM: Corba Component Model CCT: China Coast Time
CCMSE: Checkpoint Certified Managed Security Timezone: GMT +8:00
Expert CCT: Compuserve Communication Toolbox C
Advanced certification for security professionals implementing (CompuServe)
Check Point's VPN-1/FireWall-1 and Provider-1 Internet security
solutions ccTLD: Country Code Top Level Domain
CCN: Computer Communication Network (Network)

CCNA: Cisco Certified Network Associate CCU: Cache Control Unit

Introductory-level certification for IT professionals who can CCW: Channel Command Word
install, configure, and operate LAN, WAN, and dial access (Hardware) (IBM)
services for small networks (100 nodes or fewer) (Cisco)
CCW: Com Callable Wrapper
CCNA: Customer Carrier Name Abbreviation
(Software) (Microsoft)
CCXML: Call Control eXtensible Markup Language
CCNC: Common Channel Network Controller
Is designed to provide telephony call control support for
CCNC: Computer/Communications Network Center VoiceXML or other dialog systems. CCXML has been designed to
complement and integrate with a VoiceXML interpreter
CCNP: Cisco Certified Network Professional
Intermediate-level certification for IT professionals who can
CD: Carrier Detect
install, configure, and troubleshoot local and wide area networks Serial port signal (Communication)
for enterprise organizations with networks from 100 to more than
CD: Change Directory
500 nodes (Cisco)
CD: Collision Detect
CCP: Certified Computing Professional
CCP: Command Console Processor
CD: Color Display
CCP: Compression Control Protocol
CD: Compact Disk
Used for establishing and configuring data compression
algorithms over PPP, is responsible for configuring, enabling, and (Hardware)
disabling data compression algorithms on both ends of the point- CD+G: Compact Disk Plus Graphics
to-point link. See (Network) CD+MIDI: Compact Disk Plus Musical Instruments
Digital Interface
CCP: Console Command Processor
CDA: Communications Decency Act
CCR: Commitment, Concurrency and Recovery
An International Organization for Standardization's open systems CDA: Compact Disk Audio
interconnection (OSI) application service element used to create Filename extension for CD audio tracks
atomic operations across distributed systems. (Software)
CDA: Compound Document Architecture
CCRMA: Center for Computer Research in Music and (DEC)
CDBS: Connectionless Data Bearer Service
CCS: Color Calibration System
CDBT: Compact Disk-Based Training
CCS: Common Channel Signaling
(Communication) CDC: Connected Device Configuration
Provides a virtual machine and basic class libraries to support
CCS: Common Command Set Java language applications on consumer electronic and embedded
SCSI command set devices such as smart communicators, pagers, PDAs, and
interactive, digital television set-top boxes (Sun)
CCS: Common Communications Support
(IBM) CDC: Control Data Corporation
CCS: Continuous Composite Servo CD-DA: Compact Disk Digital Audio
CCS: Cryptographic CheckSum CDDI: Copper Distributed Data Interface
(Security) CDDL: Common Development and Distribution
CCS7: Common Channel signaling System 7 License
CCSA: Checkpoint Certified Security Administrator
Checkpoint's initial security certification. Stage 2 is the CCSE CDE: Certified Directory Engineer
(Security) (Network) (Novell)
CCSD: Cellular Circuit-Switched Data CDE: Common Desktop Environment
A graphical user interface running on UNIX. (Operating systems)
CCSE: Checkpoint Certified Security Expert
Checkpoint Certification. Stage 2 after completing the CCSA CDE: Complex Data Entry
CDE: Cooperative Development Environment
CCSID: Coded Character Set IDentification Page 23 of 185


CD-E: Compact Disc Erasable CDP: Crl Distribution Point

(Hardware) (Security)
CDF: Channel Definition Format CDPD: Cellular Digital Packed Data
Is an application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML) (Communication)
designed for push technology
CD-PROM: Compact Disk Programmable Read Only
CDF: Comma Delimited Format Memory
File name extension (Hardware) (Kodak)
CDF: Compound Document Formats CDR: Call Detail Record
Combination mechanism for XML-based languages. Therefore, all (Communication)
conformant compound documents have an XML-based root
document CDR: Clock and Data Recovery
CDFS: Compact Disk File System
(Operating systems) CDR: Common Data Representation
CDI: Customer Data Integration CDR: Corel DRaw
Bringing together business information relating to customers from Filename extension
multiple sources
CD-R: Compact Disk Recordable
CD-I: Compact Disk Interactive (Hardware)
CDRA: Character Data Representation Architecture
CDIA: Certified Document Imaging Architect (IBM)
CDID: Compact Disk Image Designer CDRAM: Cache Dynamic Random Access Memory
CDIF: Case Data Interchange Format
Family of standards that lays out a single architecture for CD-RDx: Compact Disk - Rom Data eXchange
exchanging information between modelling tools, and between
repositories, and defines the interfaces of the components to CDRL: Contract Data Requirements List
implement this architecture CD-ROM: Compact Disk Read Only Memory
CDK: Content Development Kit A form of storage characterized by high capacity (roughly 600
(Software) (Microsoft) megabytes) and the use of laser optics rather than magnetic
means for reading data. (Hardware)
CDK: Control Development Kit
CD-RTOS: Compact Disk - Real Time Operating
(Software) (Microsoft)
CDL: Computer Design Language
CD-RW: Compact Disk-ReWriteable
CDM: Common Diagnostic Model (Hardware)
Specification widely used within the industry to evaluate the
health of computer systems in multi-vendor environments CDS: Cell Directory Service

CDM: Control Development Module CDS: Correlated Double Sampling

Technology to clean the image signal during scanning (Hardware)
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
(Communication) CDS: Current Directory Structure

CDMF: Commercial Data Masking Facility CDSA: Common Data Security Architecture
(IBM) CDSL: Consumer Digital Subscriber Line
CDML: Claris Dynamic Markup Language (Communication)
(Claris) CDT: C/C++ Development Tools
CD-MO: Compact Disk Magneto Optical Eclipse subproject working towards providing a fully functional C
and C++ Integrated Development Environment (IDE) for the
CD-MRW: Compact Disk-Mount rainier ReWriteable Eclipse platform (Software)
Standard that enables native OS support of data storage on CD-
CDT: Cambridge Display Technology
RW. This makes the technology far easier to use and allows the
replacement of the floppy. See CDT: Center for Democracy and Technology
(Hardware) (Organizations)
CDN: Content Delivery Network CDT: Central Daylight Time
CDO: Collaboration Data Objects Timezone: GMT -6:00

CDONTS: Collaboration Data Objects for windows CDT: Corel Draw Template
New Technology Server File name extension
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) CDV: Cell Delay Variation
CDOS: Concurrent Disk Operating System In an ATM network, the variation in cell delay through the
network (Network)
CDP: Certificate in Data Processing
One of the first certifications for computer professionals CD-V: Compact Disk - Video

CDP: Cisco Discovery Protocol CDW: Computer Discount Warehouse

Used by Cisco Routers (Network) (Cisco) Computer store Page 24 of 185


CDW: Copy Database Wizard CENTR: Council of European National Top level
(Databases) (Microsoft) domain Registries
CD-WO: Compact Disk - Write Once
CEO: Chief Executive Officer
CDX: CompounD indeX
File name extension (Microsoft) CEOP: Conditional End Of Page
CD-XA: Compact Disk - eXtended Architecture CEPT: Conference of European Postal and C
CE: Cache Enable
CE: Chip Enable
CER: Canonical Encoding Rules
CE: Collision Elimination
CER: Cell Error Ratio
CE: Compact Edition In an ATM network, ratio of errored cells to transmitted cells.
Measures the accuracy of cell transmission (Network)
CE: Convert Enable
CER: Corporate Error Reporting
CE: Customer Edge
Tool that allows IT Administrators to manage error reports and
error messages created by the Windows Error Reporting client
CE: Customer Engineer (WER) in Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 and error-
reporting clients included in other Microsoft programs (Software)
CEA: Cisco Enterprise Accounting (Microsoft)
CERFNET: California Educational and Research
CEA: Consumer Electronic Association Federation NETwork
CERN: Centre Européen pour la Recherche Nucléaire
CEBIT: CEntrum Büro Information CERT: Computer Emergency Response Team
CEBUS: Consumer Electronics BUS
CERT/CC: Computer Emergency Response Team
(Hardware) Coordination Center
CEC: Certified E-commerce Consultant (Organizations)
CEF: Cisco Express Forwarding CES: Circuit Emulation Service
Advanced, Layer 3 IP switching technology. It optimizes network
CES: Consumer Electronic Show
performance and scalability for networks with large and dynamic
traffic patterns, such as the Internet, on networks characterized CET: Central European Time
by intensive Web-based applications, or interactive sessions Timezone: GMT +1:00
(Network) (Cisco)
CF: ColdFusion
CEF: Common Executable Format
Format that allows a single executable to be produced to run on
all Pocket PC devices, regardless of processor (Software) CF: Compact Flash
CEG: Continuous Edge Graphics Add-in expansion cards (Hardware)

CEH: Certified Ethical Hacker CF: Coupling Facility

Certification in IT security issued by The International Council of
Electronic Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) (Security) CFA: Color Filter Array
CEI: Conducted Electromagnetic Interference In digital imaging, CFAs assign a separate primary color to each
pixel by placing a filter of that color over the pixel. . As photons
CEI: Connection Endpoint Identifier pass through the filter to reach the pixel, only wavelengths of
that primary color will pass through (Hardware)
CELP: Card Edge Low Profile
(Intel) CFA: CompactFlash Association
CELP: Code Excited Linear Prediction
CFB: Call Forward Busy
CEMA: Consumer Electroinics Manufacturers
Association CFB: Cipher FeedBack
(Organizations) CFB: Configurable Function Block
CEMF: Cisco Element Management Framework CFC: ColdFusion Component
Collects fault information from various sources.Network
elements, such as routers or switches, may report fault conditions
as SNMP traps, Syslog messages, and so on (Software) (Cisco) CFCC: Coupling Facility Control Code
CEMM: Consumer Electronics Manufacturers (Databases)
Association CFD: Call For Discussion
(Operating systems) (Compaq)
CFD: Computational Fluid Dynamics
CEMS: Constituent Electronic Mail System
CFDJ: ColdFusion Developer's Journal
CENELEC: Comité Européen de Normalisation
ELECtrotechnique CFDP: Coherent File Distribution Protocol
(Network) Page 25 of 185


CFF: Compact Font Format CHCP: CHange Code Page

CHDIR: CHange DIRectory
CFG: ConFiGuration
CHFI: Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator
File name extension
Certification in IT security issued by The International Council of
CFM: Code Fragment Manager Electronic Commerce Consultants (EC-Council) (Security)
(Apple) CHFN: CHange FiNger C
CFM: ConFiguration Management CHGRP: CHange GRouP
CFM: Cubic Feet Per Minute CHILL: Ccitt HIgh Level Language
CFML: ColdFusion Markup Language CHIPS: Clearinghouse Interbank Payments System
CFMN: Client For Microsoft Networks
CHM: Compressed HtMl
32-bit, protected-mode network client for Windows 9x that
provides the redirector and other software components for Microsoft's format for help files (Software) (Microsoft)
Microsoft networking (Network) (Microsoft) CHMOD: CHange MODe
CFO: Chief Financial Officer CHOWN: CHange OWNer
CFO: Compaq Factory Outlet CHP: CHaPter
CHR: CHaRacter
CFP: Call For Papers
CHRP: Common Hardware Reference Platform
CFQ: Class-based Fair Queuing
(Network) CHS: Cylinder, Head, Sector

CFR: Computerized Facial Recognition CHTML: Compressed HyperText Markup Language

CFRM: Coupling Facility Resource Management CI: Coded Information

(Databases) CI: Competitive Intelligence
CFS: Caching File System CI: Component Interface
CFS: Common File System CI: Configuration Item
CFV: Call For Votes (Software)

CG: Computer Generated CI: Congestion Indication

CG: Computer Graphics CI: Content Inspection

CG: Control Gate CI/O: Comprehensive Input/ Output

Refers to Adaptec's RAID management software. (Hardware)
CGA: Color Graphics Adapter (Adaptec)
Video specification for a resolution of 320x200 pixels in 16 colors
(Hardware) CIA: Current Instruction Address

CGE: Common Graphics Environment CIAC: Computer Incident Advisory Capability

CGI: Common Gateway Interface
A common method for transferring information between a web CIB: Computer Integrated Business
server and a back-end application (Network) CIC: Carrier Identification Code
CGI: Computer Generated Images CIC: Cisco Info Center
CGI: Computer Graphics Interface A service-level monitoring and diagnostics tool that provides
network fault and performance monitoring, trouble isolation, and
CGM: Computer Graphics Metafile real-time service-level management for large networks
File name extension (Software) (Cisco)
CGMP: Cisco Group Multicast Protocol CIC: Coordination and Information Center
A form of Internet Group Multicast Protocol (IGMP) snooping that
CICA: Center of Innovative Computer Applications
lets the switch send multicasts only to the ports on a VLAN that
are participating in the multicast (Network) (Cisco) CICS: Customer Information Control System
CGMS: Copy Generation Management System (IBM)

CGS: Continuous-Grain Silicon CICS/VS: Customer Information Control System /

(Hardware) Virtual Storage

CHAP: Challenge Handshake Authentication CID: Charge-Injection Device

Protocol CID: Configuration, Installation, Distribution
A security tool offered in point-to-point protocol (PPP) based on
encrypted password exchange. (Network) CIDL: Component Implementation Definition
CHAR: Character The semantics of the CORBA Components Model (CCM)
CHAT: Conversational Hypertext Access Technology CIDMID: Content-ID and Message-ID
CHCK: CHannel ChecK (Network) Page 26 of 185


CIDR: Classless Inter-Domain Routing CIS: Client Information System

Solution that allows more scalability in the Internet under the
CIS: Com+ Internet Service
current IP version 4 addressing scheme. It provides an interim
solution until IP version 6 is put into place (Network) (Software) (Microsoft)

CIE: Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage CIS: Component Interaction Service

A standard means for specifying the color of an object or light (Databases)
source in terms of (x,y) coordinates. CIS: Compressed Image Sequence C
CIF: Common Interchange Format The XIL library's compressors store (generally related)
compressed video frames in structures called CIS buffers. The
CIF: Common source Intermediate Format images may represent frames in a movie, pages in a document,
A video format in which frames are 360 pixels wide and 288 and so on.
pixels high (one half of the CCIR 601 frame size). Each pixel has
its own luminance value. CIS: Compuserve Information Service
CIF: Component Implementation Framework
Defines the programming model for constructing component CIS: Computer Information Systems
implementations CIS: Contact Image Sensor
CIF: Crystallographic Information File Scanner device (Hardware)
File name extension CIS: Customer Information System
CIF: Customer Information File CIS: Customer Interaction Software
CIFF: Camera Image FIle Format CISA: Certified Information System Auditor
CIFS: Common Internet File System CISC: Complex Instruction Set Computer
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) CPU architecture (Hardware)
CIL: Common Intermediate Language CISSP: Certified Information Systems Security
CIL: Computer Integration Laboratories Professional
CIM: Common Information Model CIT: Computer-Integrated Telephony
Provides a common definition of management information for CIT: Court of International Trade
systems, networks, applications and services, and allows for
vendor extensions
CITO: Communications and Information
CIM: Compuserve Information Manager
Technology Ontario
CIM: Computer Integrated Manufacturing (Organizations)
CIM: Cox Interactive Media CIVIC: Cyclone Integrated Video Interfaces
CIM: Customer Information Management Controller

CIO: Chief Information Officer CIVR: Computer and Interactive Voice Response

CIOCS: Communication Input/Output Control CIW: Certified Internet Webmaster

System CIW: Client Installation Wizard
CIP: Command Interface Port (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

CIP: Commerce Interchange Pipeline CIX: Commercial Internet eXchange

(Microsoft) CIX: Compulink Information eXchange
CIP: Common Indexing Protocol C-JDBC: Clustered Java DataBase Connectivity
CIP: Computer Integrated Processing Open source (LGPL) database cluster middleware that allows any
Java application (standalone application, servlet or EJB container,
CIPM: Commerce Interchange Pipeline Manager ...) to transparently access a cluster of databases through JDBC.
(Software) (Microsoft) See also (Databases)

CIPS: Canadian Information Processing Society CJK: Chinese, Japanese and Korean
Accredits academic programs in technology, certifies (Software)
practitioners, and has a code of conduct for professional
CJLI: Command Job Language Interpreter
behavior. See also (Organizations)
CKD: Count Key Data
CIPSO: Commercial Internet Protocol Security
Option CKE: Commercial Key Escrow
(Security) (Software)
CIR: Committed Information Rate CKM: Customer Knowledge Management
A minimum access rate the service provider commits to providing
CKO: Chief Knowledge Officer
the customer (Communication)
CL: Cas Latency
CIR: Consumer InfraRed
Number of clock cycles it takes before data starts to flow once a
command is received. Low CAS latency is faster than high CAS
CIRC: Cross-Interleaved Reed-solomon Code latency (Hardware)

CIS: Card Information Structure CL: Common Lisp

Programming language (Software) Page 27 of 185


CL: ConnectionLess CLIST: Command LIST

CLAR: Channel Local Address Register (Hardware)

CLASS: Centralized Local Area Selective Signaling CLL: ConnectionLess Layer

CLASS: CLient Access to Systems and Services CLLI: Common Language Location Identification
CLASS: Cooperative Library Agency for Systems and (Communication) C
Services CLNAP: ConnectionLess Network Access Protocol
CLASS: Custom Local Area Signaling Services CLNP: ConnectionLess Network Protocol
CLC: Certified Local Carrier The International Organization for Standardization's open
systems interconnection (OSI) protocol for providing the OSI
(Communication) Connectionless Network Service (datagram service). CLNP is the
CLC: CLear Carry flag OSI equivalent to Internet IP, and is sometimes called ISO IP.

CLC: Color Laser Copier CLNS: ConnectionLess Network Service

(Hardware) (Canon) CLO: Chief Learning Officer
CLC: Command Line Console CLOB: Character Large OBject
CLCC: Ceramic Leadless Chip Carrier (Databases)
(Hardware) CLOS: Common Lisp Object System
C-LCD: Cholesteric Liquid Cristal Display (Software)
(Hardware) CLP: Cell Loss Priority
CLD: Clear Direction Flag In ATM cells, a bit that specifies whether a cell can be discarded,
if necessary; for example, if network congestion or policing
CLDC: Connected Limited Device Configuration occurs (Communication)
Is the foundation of the Java runtime environment that targets
CLP: CLiPboard
small, resource-constrained devices, such as mobile phones,
mainstream personal digital assistants, and small retail payment File name extension
terminals (Sun) CLP: Command Line Processor
CLDR: Common Locale Data Repository CLP: Command Line Protocol
CLP: Constraint Logic Programming
CLEC: Competitive Local Exchange Carrier
A telephone company that competes with other local phone CLR: Cell Loss Ratio
companies within an exchange, or calling area, to provide local In an ATM network, the ratio of lost ATM Cells to transmitted
telephone service (Communication) cells; measures the percentage of cells lost between two points in
the network. Cell loss is typically caused by severe network
CLEI: Common Language Equipment Identification congestion; it can also result from bit errors in the cell header
CLF: Common Log File
(Network) CLR: Common Language Runtime
(Software) (Microsoft)
CLGA: Ceramic Land Grid Array
(Hardware) CLR: Compensating Log Record
CLI: Call Level Interface CLS: CLear Screen
CLI: Calling Line Identification CLS: Closed Loop Solution
(Communication) CLS: Common Language Specification
CLI: Clear Interrupt Flag (Software)

CLI: Client Library Interface CLSID: CLaSs IDentifier

CLI: Command Line Interface
CLT: Cairo Local Time
CLI: Command Line Interpreter
Timezone: GMT +2:00
CLI: Common Language Interface
CLTP: ConnectionLess Transport Protocol
CLIB: C LIBrary Provides for end-to-end Transport data addressing (via Transport
selector) and error control (via checksum), but cannot guarantee
CLID: Calling Line IDentification
delivery or provide flow control.
CLTS: Clear Task Switch Flag
CLIE: Communication, Link, Information and
Entertainment CLTV: Constant Linear Time Velocity
(Hardware) (Sony) CLUI: Command Line User Interface
CLIM: Common Lisp Interface Manager CLUT: Color LookUp Table
CLIPS: C Language Integrated Production System The color options in a graphics system, arranged by index
Productive development and delivery expert system tool which number. Typically, the system has a default color map. The index
provides a complete environment for the construction of rule of colors in the color map can be reallocated, however, depending
and/or object based expert systems (Software) on the application. Page 28 of 185


CLV: Constant Linear Velocity CMOS: Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor

(Hardware) Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware)
CM: Communication Manager CMOS: Configuration Memory Operating System
CMOT: CMip Over Tcp
CM: Configuration Managment An effort to use the International Organization for
Standardization's open systems interconnection (OSI) network
management protocol to manage TCP/IP networks. (Network) C
CM: Content Management
CMOV: Conditional MOVe
CM: Control Mark
CMP: Cellular MultiProcessing
CM: Corrective Maintenance Computer architecture (Hardware)
CM2: Communication Manager/2 CMP: Certificate Management Protocol
CMA: Concert Multi-thread Architecture CMP: Chip MultiProcessor
CMAK: Connection Manager Administration Kit (Hardware)
(Microsoft) CMP: CoMPare
CMB: Comment Me Back CMP: Container-Managed Persistence
(Net lingo) (Software)
CMC: Calypso Message Center CMP: Cooperative Marketing Partner
CMC: Common Mail Calls CMPS: CoMPare word String
CMC: Common Messaging Call CMR: Cell Mis-insertion Rate
CMC: Communication Management Configuration In an ATM network, the total number of misinserted cells
observed during a specified time interval divided by the time
CMC: Complement Carry Flag interval duration (Network)
CMC: Computer-Mediated Communication CMR: Common Mode Rejection
CMD: Circuit Mode Data CMRR: Common Mode Rejection Ratio
CMD: CoMmanD CMS: Call Management Server
File name extension
CMS: Code Management System
CMF: Creative Music Format
CMS: Color Matching System
CMGM: Cisco Media Gateway Manager
CMS: Compiler Monitor System
(Software) (Cisco)
CMS: Content Management System
CMI: Control and Management Interface
CMS: Conversational Monitor System
CMIP: Common Management Information Protocol
The International Organization for Standardization's open CMS: Cryptographic Message Syntax
systems interconnection (OSI) network management protocol.
CMT: Connection ManagemenT

CMIS: Common Management Information System CMTL: Computer Memory Test Labs
CMISE: Common Management Information Service
Element CMTS: Cable Modem Termination System
CML: Chemical Markup Language
CMU: Carnegie Mellon University
CML: Computer Managed Learning (Organizations)
CML: Conceptual Modelling Language CMVC: Configuration Management Version Control
CML: Current Mode Logic (IBM)

CMM: Capability Maturity Model CMW: Compartmented Mode Workstation

Strategy for improving the software process, irrespective of the CMY: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow
actual life-cycle model used (Software)
The CMY color model subtracts percentages of cyan, magenta,
CMM: Conceptual Modeling Language and yellow to yield the desired colors. Subtracting 0 percent of all
three colors results in white; subtracting 100 percent of all three
CMMF: Certificate Management Message Format colors results in black. (Hardware)
A PKIX format used to convey certificate requests and revocation
requests from end entities to certificate authorities and to send a CMYK: Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, blacK
variety of information from certificate authorities to end entities Color encoding scheme. The black provides deeper colors,
expecially full black, compared with the CMY color model.
CMMS: Computerized Maintenance Management
Software CN: Common Name
The name used for objects in a directory.
CMOL: CMip Over Llc
CNA: Certified Novell Administrator
CMOS: Coats-Mellon Operational Specification
(Novell) Page 29 of 185


CNA: Communications Network Application COAST: Cache On A STick

CNAPS: Co-processing Node Architecture for
Parallel Systems COAST: Computer Operations, Audit, and Security
CNB: Connected Network Backup
Laboratory in computer security research in the Computer
On-line storage service
Sciences Department at Purdue University
CNC: Computerized Numerical Control
COB: Chip-On-Board C
CND: Caller Number Delivery
COB: Connected Online Backup
CNE: Certified Novell Engineer (Software)
COBOL: COmmon Business-Oriented Language
CNF: CoNFiguration Programming language (Software)
File name extension
COCOMO: COnstructive COst MOdel
CNG: CalliNG A technique for estimating the effort and duration of a software
project based on its estimated size created by Barry Boehm
CNI: Certified Novell Instructor (Software)
COCOT: Customer Owned Coin Operated Telephone
CNI: Common Network Interface
COD: Cash On Delivery
CNIDIR: Coalition for Networked Information
DIRectories CODASYL: Conference On DAta SYstem Languages
CNIDR: Clearinghouse for Network Information and
Discovery and Retrieval CODCF: Central Office Data Connecting Facility

CNM: Communications Network Management CODE: Campaign for an Open Digital Environment
International coalition of civil liberties groups and consumer
CNM: Customer Network Management rights initiatives to protect the public's rights, innovation, and
CNMA: Communications Network for Manufacturing competition against the proposed European Union Directive on
the Enforcement of Intellectual Property
CODE: Client/server Open Development
CNMS: Compaq Netelligent Management Software
CODEC: COder/DECoder
CNMS: Cylink Network Management System
CoE: Center Of Excellence
CNN: Composite Network Node
Group of subject matter experts (Organizations)
CNR: Carrier to Noise Ratio
COE: Central Office Equipment
CNR: Communication and Networking Riser
COE: Common Operating Environment
COE: Consistent Office Environment
CNR: Communication Network Riser
(Hardware) COEES: Central Office Equipment Engineering
CNS: Complimentary Network Service
COEM: Commercial Original Equipment
CNSS: Core Nodal Switching Subsystem Manufacturer
CNT: CoNTents COFA: Change Of Frame Alignment
File name extension
CNTFET: Carbon NanoTube Field-Effect Transistor COFDM: Coded Orthogonal Frequency Division
(Hardware) Multiplexing
CNV: CoNVentional (Communication)

CNVT: CoNVerT COFF: Common Object File Format

CNX: Certified Network eXpert COG: Chip On Glass
CO: Central Office
COG: Component Obsolescence Group
CO: Command Output
Advisory group connected with the maintence of older elctronic
CO: Connection Oriented hardware including computer systems for specialist functions. See
(Communication) also (Organizations)

CO: Convert Out COGO: COordinate GeOmetry

Programming Language
CoA: Care Of Address
Temporary IP Address used by a mobile user when roaming onto COL: COLlision
a foreign IP network. It is used within mobile IP and can either be COL: Computer Oriented Language
leased from the HA (Home Agent) or FA (Foreign Agent)
(Network) COLD: Computer Output to Laser Disc Page 30 of 185


COLT: Connection Optimized Link Technology CoS: Class Of Service

(Communication) A category based on type of user, type of application, or some
other criteria that QoS systems can use to provide differentiated
COLUG: Central Ohio Linux Users Group classes of service (Network)
See (Organizations)
COS: Common Object Service
COM: COMmand
COS: Compatible Operating System
File name extension
COS: Corporation for Open Systems
COM: COMmunication port
Serial port (Communication) A vendor and user group for conformance testing, certification,
and promotion of International Organization for Standardization's
COM: Component Object Model open systems interconnection (OSI) products.

COM: Computer Output Microfilm COSE: Combined Office Standard Environment

COMDEX: COMputer Dealers EXposition COSE: Common Open Software Environment
COMET: COrnell Macintosh Terminal Emulator COSIC: COmputer Security and Industrial
(Software) Cryptography
COMP: Compare
COSINE: Cooperation for Open Systems
COMPAQ: COMPatibilty And Quality
Interconnection Networking in Europe
Used to refer to the fact that their computers were both IBM PC
A program sponsored by the European Commission, aimed at
compatible and very reliable
using open systems interconnection (OSI) to tie together
COMSAT: COMmunications SATellite corporation European research networks.

COMTI: Component Object Model Transaction COSMIC: COmon Software Measurement

Integrator International Consortium
(Microsoft) Metric for software complexity evaluation. See (Organizations)
CON: Console
Usually include keyboard and screen
COSMIC: COmputer Software Management and
Information Center
CONCERT: COmmunications for North Carolina (NASA)
Education, Research and Technology
COSMOS: COmputer System for Mainframe
CONS: Connection-Oriented Network Service OperationS
CONTAC: Central Office NeTwork ACcess COSS: Common Object Services Specification
COO: Chief Operating Officer COT: Central Office Terminal
COO: Cost Of Ownership COTS: Commercial Off-The-Shelf
COOL: Cobol Object Orientated Language Software or hardware products that are ready-made and available
for sale to the general public. They are often used as alternatives
COP: Character-Oriented Protocol to in-house developments (Software)
COPA: Children Online Protection Act COTS: Connection-Oriented Transport Service
COPICS: Communications Oriented Production COW: Cluster Of Workstations
Information and Control System (Hardware)
COW: Computer On Wheels
COPP: Certified Output Protection Protocol
CP: Connection Processor
COPPA: Child Online Privacy Protection Act (Hardware)
COPS: Common Open Policy Service CP: Control Panel
An IETF proposed standard defining a simple protocol for
provisioning QoS by outsourcing policy-based admission control
CP: Control Point
over requests for network resources (Network) CP: Copy Protected
COR: Common Object Runtime CP: Customer Premises
(Operating systems) (Communication)
CORBA: Common Object Request Broker CP/M: Control Program for Microprocessors
Architecture (Operating systems)
COREN: COrporation for Research and Enterprise CPA: Certified Public Accountant
CPA: Cost Per Action
COS: Camera Operating System
(Operating systems) CPA: Crown Print Auditor
(Hardware) (QMS)
COS: Card Operating System
(Operating systems) CPAN: Comprehensive Perl Archive Network
CPC: Constant Point Calculation
CPC: Cost Per Click Page 31 of 185


CPCS: Check Processing Control System CPP: Corporate Preview Program

(IBM) (Microsoft)
CPCS: Common Part Convergence Sublayer CPRM: Content Protection for Recordable Media
CPD: Conseal Provate Desktop CPS: Certification Practice Statement
Personal firewall (Network) (Verisign)
CPE: Central Processing Element cps: Characters Per Second C
Printing engine speed
CPE: Conseal Private Desktop
(Hardware) CPS: Cycles Per Second
CPE: Cover Page Editor CPSI: Configurable PostScript Interpreter
File name extension
CPSR: Computer Professionals for Social
CPE: Customer Premises Equipment Responsibility
CPEX: Customer Profile EXchange CPT: Command Pass Through
CPFR: Collaborative Planning, Forecasting and CPTWG: Copyright Protection Technical Working
Replenishment Group
(Software) (Organizations)

CPG: Clock Pulse Generator CPU: Central Processing Unit

The part of the computer in which calculations and manipulations
CPH: Cost Per Hour
take place. (Hardware)
cpi: Characters Per Inch CPW: Commercial Processing Workload
CPI: Clock Per Instruction (IBM)

CPI: Code Page Information CQA: Certified Quality Analyst

File name extension (Microsoft) CR: Candidate Recommendation
CPI: Common Part Indicator CR: Card Reader
CPI: Common Programming Interface (Hardware)
(IBM) CR: Carriage Return
CPI: Communication Programming Interface Usually used as a control code or a terminator
(Communication) CR: Command Register
CPI: Computer Private branch exchange Interface (Hardware)
CPIC: Common Programming Interface for CR: Content Redirection
CR/LF: Carriage Return/Line Feed
CRAM: Card Random Access Memory
CPI-C: Common Programming Interface for
(IBM) CRAM: Challenge-Response Authentication
CPIO: CoPy In/Out
(Operating systems)
CPL: Combined Programming Language
CRAM: Computerized Reliability Analysis Method
CPL: Common Public License (Software)
CPL: Compressed Printer Language CRAM: Cyberspatial Reality Advancement Movement
CRAS: Cable Repair Administrative System
CPL: Control PaneL
CRAYON: CReAte Your Own Newspaper
Control panel extension (Microsoft)
CRC: Cyclic Redundancy Check
CPL: Conversational Programming Language
An error check in which the check key is generated by a cyclic
CPL: Current Privilege Level algorithm. (Communication)

CPLD: Complex Programmable Logic Device CRCG: Center for Research in Computer Graphics
CPM: Cost Per Minute CRD: CaRDfile
File name extension
CPM: Critical Path Method
CRDL: Character Repertoire Description Language
CPML: Call Policy Markup Language
Describes a collection of characters defined in ISO/IEC 10646 or
(Network) Unicode or default grapheme clusters defined in UAX#29
CPN: Compuserve Packet Network CREN: Computer Research Education Network
CPO: Chief Privacy Officer CREN: Corporation for Research and Education
CPP: C Plus Plus (C++) Networking
Object-oriented programming language based on C. Also, CRF: Cable Retransmission Facility
filename extension. (Software) Page 32 of 185


CRF: Commit-Reconcile and Fences CS: Counter-Strike

Mechanism-oriented memory model (Software) See (Games)
CRF: Cross Reference File CS/SS: Card Service/Socket Service
CRFVC: Connection Related Function Virtual CS1: Capability Set 1
CSA: Calendaring and Scheduling Api
CRFVP: Connection Related Function Virtual Path (IBM) C
CRI: Color Reproduction Indices CSA: Communications Streaming Architecture
CRI: Cray Research, Inc. Directly connects the Memory Controller Hub to the network
controller. With CSA-based motherboards, network data can be
CRIMM: Continuity Rambus Inline Memory Module transferred at a much higher rate with lower latency (Hardware)
A type of system RAM (Hardware) (Intel)

C-RIMM: Continuity - Rambus Inline Memory CSAPI: Common Speller Application Program
Module Interface
(Hardware) CSAR: Channel System Address Register
CRIN: Centre de Recherche en Informatique de CSC: Computer Sciences Corporation
Nancy Company Name
CRISC: Complex-Reduced Instruction Set Computer CSCC: Concurrent SuperComputing Consortium
CRISP: Complex-Reduced Instruction Set Processor CSCW: Computer Supported Cooperative Work
CRL: Certificate Revocation List CSD: Circuit-Switched Data
CSD: Computer Services Department
CRM: Customer Relationship Management
CSD: Corrective Service Diskette
CRME: Certified Remote Management Engineer (IBM)
CRMF: Certificate Request Message Format CSDC: Circuit Switched Digital Capability
A PKIX format used for messages related to life-cycle
management of X.509 certificates. This format is a subset of CSDS: Circuit Switched Data Service
CMMF CSE: Certified System Engineer
CROM: Control Read-Only Memory CSER: Consortium for Software Engineering
(Hardware) Research
CRP: Common Reference Platform (Organizations)

CRS: Can't Remember Stuff C-SET: Cholesteric Liquid Crystal Display

(Net lingo) CSFI: Communication Subsystem For
CRS: Cell Relay Service Interconnection
CRS: Computerized Reservation System CSG: Constructive Solid Geometry
CRS: Content Replication Service CSG: Consulting Services Group
(Microsoft) (Lotus)

CRT: Cathode Ray Tube CSH: C SHell

The CRT operates by firing an electron beam that strikes the Unix shell
inside of the monitor's display surface, which is coated with
CSH: Complementary Software House
phosphor. The phosphor glows briefly when excited by the beam.
(Hardware) CSI: Command Sequence Introducer
CRTC: Canadian Radio-television and CSI: CompuServe Incorporated
Telecomunications Commission
CSI: Computer Security Institute
CRTC: Cathode Ray Tube Controller
CSID: Calling Subscriber IDentification
CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial
CRU: Customer Replaceable Unit
Research Organization
CSIRT: Computer Security Incident Response Team
CRUD: Create, Retrieve, Update, Delete
CS: Cable Select
CSIv2: Common Secure Interoperability Version 2
Allows drives to determaine whether they are master or slave
according to their position along the bus (Hardware) Addresses the requirements of CORBA security for interoperable
authentication, delegation, and privileges
CS: Chip Select
CSL: Computer Sensitive Language
CSLIP: Compressed Serial Line Interface Protocol
CS: Code Segment
CPU register (Hardware) (Intel) CSM: Cluster Systems Management
(Operating systems) (IBM)
CS: Computer Science Page 33 of 185


CSM: Code Set Map CSS: Cascading Style Sheets

CSM: Communications Services Manager CSS: Central Structure Store
The CSS is an editable hierarchy of structures composed of
CSM: Control Strip Module
elements, attributes, and transformations. CSS elements are
CSMA: Carrier Sense Multiple Access drawing primitives such as lines and polygons and CSS attributes
(Communication) are qualities such as color and style.

CSMA/CA: Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision CSS: Computer Sub System C

Avoidance CSS: Computer Systems Specialist
CSS: Contact Start-Stop
CSMA/CD: Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision
CSS: Content Scrambling System
Copy protection scheme used for example with DVDs (Digital
The access method used by local area networking technologies
Video Discs)
such as Ethernet. (Network)
CSS: Content Services Switch
CSMS: Customer Support Management System
(Hardware) (Cisco)
CSN: Card-Select Number
CSS: Continuous System Simulator
CSN: Compaq Service Network
CSS: Cross-Site Scripting
CSNET: Computer Science NETwork
CSS: Customizable Starter Site
Computer+Science Network. A large computer network, mostly in
the U.S. but with international connections. CSNET sites include (Microsoft)
universities, research labs, and some commercial companies. CSS: Cybermedia Support Server
Now merged with BITNET to form CREN.
CSS2: Cascading Style Sheet 2
CSNW: Client Services for NetWare
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) CSSM: Client-Server Systems Management
CSO: Central Services Organization
CST: Central Standard Time
CSO: Cold Start Only
Timezone: GMT -6:00
In ISDN is a capability of a Network Terminator 1 (NT1)
(Network) CST: Consolidated Service Test
CSP: Certified Systems Professional Enhances the way IBM tests and recommends maintenance
packages for z/OS and OS/390 software, including the major
CSP: Chip-Scale Packaging subsystems (IBM)

CSP: Commercial Service Provider CSTA: Computer-Supported Telephony Applications

CSP: Commercial Subroutine Package CSTB: Computer Science and Telecommunications
CSP: Communicating Sequential Processes
CSP: Component Service Provider
CSTE: Certified Software Test Engineer
CSP: Compucom Speed Protocol (Software)
CSP: Converged Service Provider CSTN: Color SuperTwist Nematic
CSP: Cross System Product LCD display technology (Hardware)
(IBM) CSTS: Computer Supported Telecommunications
CSP: Cryptographic Service Provider Standard

CSP: Crystal Server Pages CSU: Channel Service Unit

A page that contains HTML/VB/JavaScript that is processed by the CSUNET: California State University NETwork
Web Component Server in the Crystal Enterprise eBusiness
Framework (Software) CSV: Circuit-Switched Voice

CSPDK: Cryptographic Service Provider Developer's CSV: Comma-Separated Value

Kit CSV: Common Services Verbs
(Software) (Microsoft) (Microsoft)
CSPDN: Circuit Switched Public Data Network CSV: Computer System Validation
CSPDU: Convergence Sublayer Protocol Data Unit Process used mainly at pharmaceutical companies to ensure that
systems are reliable and predictable
CSPM: Cisco Secure Policy Manager
CSW: Channel Status Word
(Hardware) (IBM)
CSR: Certificate Signing Request
CT: Computer Telephony
CSRAM: Custom Static Random Access Memory (Hardware)
CTAN: Comprehensive Tex Archive Network
CSRG: Computer Systems Research Group
CTB: Cipher Type Byte
(Organizations) Page 34 of 185


CTB: Communication ToolBox CTS: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

CTBS: Computer Telephony Business Solution CTS: Clear To Send
(Hardware) (IBM) RS-232 signal (Communication)

CTC: Care To Chat CTS: Common Type System

(Net lingo)
CTS: Compatibility Test Suite
CTC: Certified Testing Center (Software) C
CTC: Channel To Channel CTS: Component Transaction Server
CTC: Counter/Timer Chip CTS: Computer Telephony Solution
CTS: Customer Telephone System
CTCA: Channel To Channel Adapter
CTSS: Compatible Time Sharing System
CTCP: Client-To-Client Protocol
CTSS: Cray Time Sharing System
CTD: Cell Transfer Delay
CTT: Care To Text
In an ATM network, measures the peak and mean delay that cells
(Net lingo)
experience while traveling from one point in the network to
another (Network) CTT: Cartridge Tape Transport
CTE: Charge Transfer Efficiency CTTC: Cartridge Tape Transport Controller
CTTY: Change TeleTYpewriter
CTE: Customer Termination Equipment MS-DOS command (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
CTW: Catch The Werb
CTEC: Certified Training and Education Centre Web organizer (Software)
CTERM: Command TERMinal CTY: Catch The Web
CTF: Capture, Transform, and Flow CU: Control Unit
Data warehousing (Databases) (Hardware)
CTFT: Color Thin Film Transistor CUA: Calendar User Agent
LCD manufacturing technology (Hardware) (Software)
CTG: Cics Transaction Gateway CUA: Common Used Acronym
CICS programs provide Web Services via the CTG (IBM)
CUA: Common User Access
CTI: Computer Telephony Integration
CUA: Common User Application
CUB: CUrsor Backward
CTL: Certificate Trust List
CUD: CUrsor Down
CTL: Complex Text Layout
CUE: Custom Updates and Extras
CTM: Component Transaction Monitor
(Software) CUF: CUrsor Forward
CTN: Can't Talk Now CUG: Closed User Group
(Net lingo) (Network)

CTO: Chief Technical Officer CUI: Character-oriented User Interface

CTOS: Cassette Tape Operating System CUI: Common User Interface
CTOS: Computerized Tomography Operating System
CUL: See You Later
CTOS: Convergent Technologies Operating System
Will get in touch later on (Net lingo)
CTP: Capable To Promise
CUP: CUrsor Position
CTP: Community Technology Preview
CUPID: Completely Universal Processor I/o Design
CTP: Convergence Technologies Professional (AST)
Vendor-neutral certification for IT professionals who have the
core knowledge and skills required by equipment manufacturers, CUPS: Common Unix Printing System
their channel partners, and end-users to sell and service Provides a portable printing layer for UNIX-based operating
convergence technologies systems. It is developed and maintained by Easy Software
Products to promote a standard printing solution and is the
CTPA: Coax-to-Twisted-Pair Adapter standard printing system in MacOS X and most Linux distributions
(Operating systems)
CTR: Common Technical Regulations
CTRCO: Calculating, Tabulating, Recording
COmpany File name extension
The name of this company was changed to "International CUSI: Configurable Unified Search Interface
Business Machines" by Thomas J. Watson, Sr.
CUSIP: Committee for Uniform Security
CTRL: ConTRoL Identification Procedures Page 35 of 185


CUSP: Commonly Used System Program CYA: See YA

(Net lingo)
CUT: Control Unit Terminal
CYL: CYLinder
CUTE: Clarkston University Terminal Emulator
CYMK: Cyan-Yellow-Magenta-Black
CUTS: Cassette User Tape System
Color model
CUU: CUrsor Up C
CV: CodeView
Microsoft's format for debug indormation, embedded in the object
D&D: Drag & Drop D
file or executable (Software) (Microsoft)
D&I: Drop And Insert
CV: Curriculum Vitæ
Refers to the cross connecting of Time-Division Multiplexing
CVE: Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (TDM) circuits. It allows you to take 64Kb DS0 channels from one
(Security) T1 and digitally cross connect them to 64Kb DS0 channels on
another T1 (Communication)
CVF: Compressed Volume File
D&M: Design & Modeling
CVGA: Color Video Graphics Array
D/A: Digital/Analog
CVIA: Computer Virus Industry Association (Hardware)
CVM: C Virtual Machine D/L: DownLoad
Is a Java 2 virtual machine designed for devices needing the
functionality of the Java 2 virtual machine feature set, but with a D/R: Direct/Reverse
smaller footprint (Sun)
D/S: Dhrystone per Second
CVP: Content Vectoring Protocol
D2C: Decimal To Character
CVS: Computer Vision Syndrome (IBM)
CVS: Concurrent Version System D2D: Developer To Developer
Tool for keeping programs sources under control (Software)
D2T2: Dye Diffusion Thermal Transfer
CVT: ConVerT Printing technology
CVW: CodeView for Windows D2X: Decimal To heXadecimal
CW: Control Word (IBM)

CWA: Competitive Web Analysis D3D: Direct 3D

CWD: Change Working Directory
DA: Data Administrator
CWD: Convert Word to Double word
DA: Desk Accessory
CWDM: Coarse Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (Software) (Apple)
DA: Destination Address
CWIS: Campus Wide Information System
DA: Differential Analyzer
CWIS: Community Wide Information System A computer that uses interconnected integrators to solve
CWM: Common Warehouse Metamodel differential equations.
Standard interfaces that can be used to enable easy interchange DA: Directory Agent
of warehouse and business intelligence metadata between (Network) (Novell)
warehouse tools, warehouse platforms and warehouse metadata
repositories in distributed heterogeneous environments DAA: Data Access Arrangement
CWNA: Certified Wireless Network Administrator DAA: Decimal Adjust for Addition
Entry-level certification is for those IT professionals who are new
DAA: Digest Access Authentication
to wireless networking but who want to come up to speed quickly.
DAB: Digital Audio Broadcasting
CWNP: Certified Wireless Network Professional
CWO: Chief Web Officer
DAC: Data Acquisition and Control
CWSP: Certified Wireless Security Professional
DAC: Device Access Code
Mid-level certification is for IT professionals who understand how
to secure a wireless LAN from hackers and who know how to DAC: Digital to Analog Converter
protect the valuable information An electronic device used to convert discrete digital numbers to
CXI: Common X-windows Interface continuous analog signals. In contrast with Analog-to-Digital
Converter (ADC). (Hardware)
cXML: Commerce eXtensible Markup Language
DAC: Discretionary Access Control
Standard for setting up interactive online catalogs for different
buyers, where the pricing and product offerings are company DAC: Dual Attachment Concentrator
specific. Includes mechanisms to handle purchase orders, change
orders, status updates, and shipping notifications
CYA: Cover Your A**
(Net lingo) Page 36 of 185


DACL: Discretionary Access Control List DAQ: Data AcQuisition

A list used by the operating system's directory to control access (Hardware)
to its objects. A DACL consists of a list of security identifiers
(which identify users) and specific permissions for each DARI: Database Application Remote Interface
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) (IBM)

DACS: Digital Access Control System DARMS: Digital Alternate Realization of Musical
DAD: Desktop Application Director
(Borland) DARPA: Defense Advanced Research Projects
DAE: Digital Audio Extraction
The U.S. government agency that funded the ARPANET.
daemon: Disk And Execution MONitor (Organizations)
(Operating systems) DART: Digital Audio Reconstruction Technology
DAF: Dynamic Authentication Filter DART: Dynamic Advertising Reporting and Targeting
DAFS: Direct Access File System DAS: Data Acquisition System
(Operating systems) (Hardware)
DAI: Distributed Artificial Intelligence DAS: Data Agent Server
DAL: Data Abstraction Layer DAS: Decimal Adjust for Subtraction
DAL: Data Access Language DAS: Direct Attached Storage
DAL: Data Access Layer Storage device that connects directly to a single server

DAL: Disk Access Lockout DAS: Directory Assistance Service

DAM: Data Acquisition and Monitoring DAS: Dual-Attached Station
DAM: Deferred Action Message DAS: Dynamic Allocation Scheme
(Software) (Microsoft) DASD: Direct Access Storage Device
DAM: Digital Asset Management DASH: Desktop and mobile Architecture for System
DAM: Direct Access Mode Hardware
Suite of specifications that takes full advantage of the DMTFâ??s
DAM: Distributed Abstract Machine Web Services for Management (WS-Management) specification
DAM: Distributed Associative Memory â?? delivering standards-based Web services management for
desktop and mobile client systems
DASL: DAv Searching & Locating
DAML: Darpa Agent Markup Language
Application of HTTP/1.1 forming a lightweight search protocol to
Language, developed as an extension to XML and the Resource transport queries and result sets and allows clients to make use
Description Framework (RDF), designed to facilitate the concept of server-side search facilities
of the Semantic Web. See also
DASP: Drive Active, Slave Present
DAML: Digital Added Main Line
(Communication) DASP: Dynamic Adaptive Speculative Preprocessor
DAMPS: Digital Advanced Mobile Phone System
DASS: Distributed Authentication Security Service
D-AMPS: Digital Advanced Mobile Phone System
Second Generation (2G) mobile phone system once prevalent in DAT: DATa
Americas. Now considered end-of-life and mostly replaced by File name extension
GSM/GPRS and CDMA2000. (Communication)
DAT: Digital Audio Tape
DAMQAM: Dynamically Adaptive Multicarrier (Hardware)
Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
DAT: Disk Array Technology
DAN: Disk Area Network
DATEX: DATa EXchange
DAO: Data Access Object
(Software) (Microsoft)
DAV: Data AVailable
DAO: Disk-At-Once
CD recording methodology (Hardware)
DAV: Digital Audio-Video

DAP: Data Access Page DAV: Distributed Authoring and Versioning

Extension of the HTTP/1.1 protocol
(Databases) (Microsoft)
DAP: Developer Assistance Program DAVIC: Digital Audio/VIdeo Council
DAP: Directory Access Protocol
DAVID: Digital Audio Video Interactive Decoder

DAP: Dynamic Application Partitioning DAW: Digital Audio Workstation

A computer whose function is devoted primarily to digital audio
DAPIE: Developers Application Programming recording and production (Hardware)
Interface Extensions
DAX: Developer Api eXtension Page 37 of 185


DB: Data Buffer DBO: DataBase Owner

DB: DataBase
(Databases) DBP: DataBase Publishing
DB: DataBus DBPSK: Differential Binary Phase Shift Keying
Computer port (Hardware) (Communication)
dB: DeciBel dBr: DeciBel Relative
Intensity measurement unit, used mainly in the sound field Audio intensity measurement unit

DB: Device Bay DBR: Dos Boot Record D

DB2: DataBase 2 DBRAD: Data Base Relational Application Directory
(Databases) (IBM)
DBRM: DataBase Request Module
DBA: DataBase Administrator
DBS: DataBase System
DBA: Date Book Archive
DBS: Direct Broadcast Satellite
Filename extension
dBA: DeciBel Adjusted
DBS: Duplex Bus Selector
DBAC: DataBase Administration Center
DBTG: DataBase Task Group
DBAS: DataBase Administration System Subcommittee of CODASYL (Organizations)

DBB: Dynamic Bass Boost DBV: Digital Broadcast Video

DbC: Design By Contract DBWR: DataBase WRiter
(Software) (Databases) (Oracle)
DBC: Device Bay Controller DC: Data Cartridge
DBCC: DataBase Consistency Checks
(Databases) DC: Data Collection
DBCLOB: Double-Byte Character Large OBject DC: Data Communication
(Databases) (Communication)
DBCP: DataBase Connection Pool DC: Data Compression
DC: Data Control
DBCS: Delivery Bar Code Sorter
DC: Device Context
DBCS: Double-Byte Character Set (Operating systems)
DBD: DataBase Driver DC: Device Control
DC: Direct Current
DBF: DataBase File DC: Domain Controller
File name extension
DBF: DataBase Format
DCA: Defense Communications Agency
The government agency responsible for the defense data network
DBI: DataBase Interface (DDN). (Organizations)
(Databases) DCA: Digital Communications Associates
DBIF: DataBase InterFace DCA: Distributed Communication Architecture
DCA: Document Content Architecture
DBIS: Dun & Bradstreet Information Services Describes how a document is organized (tabulator, headers,
DBK: DocBooK footers, ...) so it appears the same on different systems
File name extension DCA: Dynamic Cache Architecture
DBLIB: DataBase LIBrary DCAF: Distributed Console Access Facility
(Databases) (Microsoft) (IBM)
DBM: DataBase Manager DCAM: Digital CAMera
(Databases) (Hardware)
DBME: DataBase Managment Environment DCAM: Direct Chip Attach Module
DBMS: DataBase Management Environment DCB: Device Control Block
A software system facilitating the creation and maintenance of a
DCB: Disk Coprocessor Board
data base and the execution of programs using the data base.
DBNL: Dial Backup Network Link
DCC: Data Country Code
DCC: Digital Command Control Page 38 of 185


DCC: Digital Compact Cassette DCP: Device Color Profile

(Hardware) (Philips) (Software)
DCC: Digital Content Creation DCP: Device Control Protocol
DCC: Direct Cable Connection DCS: Data Control System
DCS: Desktop Color Separation
DCC: Direct Client Connection (Software)
DCC: Display Combination Code DCS: Digital Cellular System
DCCS: DisContiguous Shared Segments DCS: Digital Cross-connect System D
DCD: Data Carrier Detect DCS: Distributed Control System
DCD: Database Connector Descriptor DCT: DiCTionary
(Databases) (Oracle) File name extension
DCD: Document Content Description DCT: Discrete Cosine Transform
Mathematical function used by video encoders to achieve a high
DCE: Data Circuit-terminating Equipment
compression ratio. (Software)
DCE: Data Communication Equipment
DCT: Display Compression Technology
A type of hardware, such as a modem, that is responsible for
encoding a digital signal for delivery to a compatible DCE DCU: Data Cache Unit
connected by a data link. In contrast with Data Terminal
Equipment (DTE) (Communication) DCU: Delphi Compiled Unit
(Software) (Borland)
DCE: Distributed Computing Environment
DD: Data Definition
DCED: Distributed Computing Environment Daemon (Databases)
DCF: Data Communication Facility DD: Data Dictionary
DD: Definition Description
DCF: Data Compression Facility HTML Tag
DCF: Data Count Field DD: Digital Display
DD: Double Density
DCF: Design rule for Camera Filesystem
DDA: Digital Differential Analyzer
DCF: Distributed Coordination Function A differential analyzer (DA) that uses digital representations for
(Communication) analog quantities.
DCF: Driver Configuration File DDA: Distributed Data Access
DDA: Domain-Defined Attribute
DCI: Data Capture Interface
DDAP: Digital Distribution of Advertising for
DCI: Display Control Interface Publications
DCL: Data Control Language User-driven organization working towards enabling the universal
exchange of digital ads throughopen process integration and the
DCL: DeCLaration use of accredited standards. See
DCL: Device CLear
DDB: Device Dependent Bitmap
DCL: Digital Command Language
(DEC) DDB: Device Descriptor Block

DCL: Digital Control Logic DDBMS: Distributed DataBase Management System

DCLU: Digital Carrier Line Unit
DDC: Digital Data Channel
DCLZ: Data Compression Lempel-Ziv
DDC: Display Data Channel
DCM: Digital Carrier Module
DDCMP: Digital Data Communications Message
DCML: Dynamic Configuration Markup Language Protocol
DCNA: Data Communication Network Architecture (DEC)

DCO: Device Configuration Overlay DDCS: Distributed Data Connection Services

Allows system vendors to purchase HDDs from different (IBM)
manufacturers with potentially different sizes, and then configure
all HDDs to have the same number of sectors (Hardware) DDD: Direct Distance Dialing

DCO: Digitally Controlled Oscillator DDE: Direct Data Entry

(Hardware) DDE: Dynamic Data Exchange
DCOM: Distributed Component Object Model Interprocess communication mechanism (Software) (Microsoft)
(Microsoft) DDEML: Dynamic Data Exchange Manager Library
(Microsoft) Page 39 of 185


DDF: Data Decryption Field DDS: Distributed Database Services

(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
DDS: Distributed Directory Service
DDF: Distributed Data Facility
DDSA: Digital Data Service Adapter
DDF: Dynamic Data Formatting
DDT: Dynamic Debugging Tool
DDWG: Digital Display Working Group
DDI: Device Driver Interface
An interface that facilitates driver portability across different
UNIX system versions on SPARC hardware. (Operating systems) DDX: Digital Data eXchange
DE: Device End
DDI: Digital Document Interchange
DEA: Data Encryption Algorithm
DDI: Direct Dial In
DEA: Disposable Email Address
DDIM: Device Driver Initialization Model
DEB: Digital European Backbone
DDK: Driver Development Kit (Network)
DEBI: Dma Extended Bus Interface
DDL: Data Definition Language (Hardware)
DDL: Document Description Language DEC: DECrement
DDM: Distributed Data Management DEC: DEvice Clear
DEC: Digital Equipment Corporation
DDMA: Distributed Direct Access Memory
DECNET: Digital Equipment Corporation NETworking
DDML: Document Definition Markup Language Network protocol
DDN: Defense Data Network DECT: Digital Enhanced Cordless
Comprises the MILNET and several other Department of Defense Telecommunications
networks. (Network) (Communication)
DDNS: Dynamic Domain Name System DECUS: Digital Equipment Corporation Users Society
DEK: Data Encryption Key
DDoS: Distributed Denial Of Service
DEL: Data Extraction Language
DDP: Datagram Delivery Protocol DEL: DELete

DDP: Distributed Data Processing DELNI: Digital Ethernet Local Network Interconnect

DDP: Document-Driven Programming DELQA: Digital Ethernet Lowpower Q-bus network

DDR: Dance Dance Revolution
The most awesomest dance simulator around (Software) (Sony)
DDR: Dial on Demand Routing DELTA: Developing European Learning through
Technology Advance
DELUA: Digital Ethernet Lowpower Unibus network
DDR: Double Data Rate
Memory access architecture that supports data transfers on both
edges of each clock cycle, which doubles the memory chip's data DELUG: DEutsche Linux User Group
throughput. DDR also consumes less power, which makes it well-
suited for use with notebook computers (Hardware) DEMARC: Distributed Enterprise Managemant
DDR: Dynamic Desktop Router
DEMPR: Distributed Enterprise Management
DDR: Dynamic Document Review ARChitecture
(Software) (Symantec)
DEN: Directory Enabled Networking
DDR-SDRAM: Double Data Rate - Synchronous The DEN Initiative (see is an effort to build
Dynamic Random Access Memory intelligent networks and networked applications that can
(Hardware) associate users and applications to services available from the
network according to a consistent and rational set of policies
DDR-SMII: Double Data Rate - Serial Media (Network)
Independent Interface
(Network) DEN: Document Enabled Networking
DDS: Data Description Specification
DENIM: Directory Enabled Net Infrastructure Model
DDS: Design Data Sheet (Network) (Novell)
DDS: Digital Data Storage DEP: Data Execution Prevention
DDS: Digital Dataphone Service Operating system feature that's new in Windows 2003 SP1 &
(AT&T) Windows XP SP2. It serves to prevent viruses and other malicious
code from ever executing (Operating systems) (Microsoft) Page 40 of 185


DEPCA: Digital Ethernet Personal Computer-bus DFP: Digital Flat Panel

Adapter (Hardware)
DEQNA: Digital Ethernet Q-bus Network Adapter DFP: Distributed Functional Plane
DER: Distinguished Encoding Rules DFPI: Digital Flat Panel Initiative
DEREP: Digital Ethernet REPeater DFR: Double Frequency Recording
DES: Data Encryption Standard (Hardware)
A commonly used algorithm developed by the U.S. National DFS: Direct File System
Bureau of Standards for encrypting and decrypting data.
DFS: Distributed File System D
DES: Data Entry Sheet (Operating systems)
DES: DEScription DFS: Domino Fax Server
Ffile name extension (Software) (Lotus)
DES: Domino Extended Search DFS: Dynamic File System
File name extension (IBM) (Operating systems) (Sun)
DESC: Defense Electronics Supply Center DFSMS: Data Facility Storage Management System
DESPR: Digital Ethernet Single Port Repeater (IBM)

DESTA: Digital Ethernet thin-wire STation Adapter DFT: Design For Testability

DET: Device Execute Trigger DFT: Diagnostic Function Test

DET: Directory Entry Table DFT: Discrete Fourier Transform

A table on every network volume that contains directory entries DFT: Distributed Function Terminal
for each file on the volume. The table, stored in the server's
memory, enables quick access to the location of every file DFU: Data File Utility
DGA: Direct Graphics Access
DEU: Defective End User A method of arbitrating access to the display between XGL and
Often described by IS support personnel (Net lingo) X11/NeWS server. This allows XGL to talk directly to the frame
buffer, which results in maximum performance.
DEUNA: Digital Ethernet Unibus Network Adapter
DGC: Data General Corporation
Data General produced minicomputers and was featured in the
DF: Data Field book "Soul of a New Machine" by Tracey Kidder (Organizations)

DF: Destination Field DGC: Distributed Garbage Collection

DF: Device Flag
DGIS: Direct Graphics Interface Standard
DF: Double Flag
DGP: Dissimilar Gateway Protocol
DFC: Data Flow Control
DGR: Dynamic Growth and Reconfiguration
DFD: Data Flow Diagram
DFDR: Digital Flight Data Recorder
DGUX: Data General UniX
DH: Diffie-Hellman
DFDSM: Data Facility Distributed Storage
SSL key exchange method
DHCF: Distributed Host Command Facility
DFDSS: Data Facility Data Set Services
(Software) (IBM) DHCP: Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
A system that assigns different IP addresses to devices each time
DfE: Designed For Environment they connect to the network. DHCP can support a mix of static
DFE: Desktop Functional Equivalent and dynamic IP addresses (Network)
(Compaq) DHL: Dynamic Head Loading
DFHSM: Data Facility Hierarchical Storage Manager DHP: Dr. Halo Picture
(IBM) File name extension
DFI: Digital Facility Interface DHTML: Dynamic HyperText Markup Language
DFM: Design For Manufacturability DI: Data In
DI: Destination Index
DFM: Device Fault Manager Processor register (Hardware) (Intel)
Provides real-time fault analysis for Cisco devices (Software)
(Cisco) DIA: Document Interchange Architecture

DFN: Dedicated Frogans Network DIANE: DIrect Access Network for Europe
See (Software) DIB: Device Independent Bitmap
DFN: Deutsches ForschungsNetz File format for raster bitmaps (Microsoft)

DFP: Data Facility Product DIB: Directory Information Base Page 41 of 185


DIB: Dual Independent Bus DISA: Data Interchange Standards Association

DISA: Direct Inward System Access
DIBOL: DIgital Business Oriented Language
DISI: Directory Information Services Infrastructure
DIC: DICtionary (Network)
File name extension
DISM: Digital Interface Standards for Monitors
DIC: Digital Interface Controller (Hardware)
DICE: Dolby's Interactive Content Encoding DISOSS: DIStributed Office Support System
DICE: Dynamic Internet Configuration Environment (IBM) D
DISP: DISPlacement
DID: Direct Inward Dialing
DISP: Domino Internet Starter Pack
DIDS: Distributed Intrusion Detection System
DIF: Data Interchange Format
DISP: Dutch Independent Shareware Programmer
DiffServ: DIFFerential SERVices
DIT: Directory Information Tree
Allows providers to allocate different levels of service to different
users of the Internet (Network) A graphical display of an organization's directory structure, sites,
and servers, shown as a branching structure. The top-level (root)
DIFMOS: Double Injection Floating gate Metal directory usually represents the organization level
Oxyde Semiconductor
DIU: Digital Interface Unit
DIFS: Dcf Inter-Frame Spacing
DIVE: Direct Interface Video Extension
DIG: Domain Internet Groper
Divx: DIgital Video eXpress
DII: Dynamic Invocation Interface
DIW: D-Inside Wire
DIIP: Direct Interrupt Identification Port
DIL: Dual In Line
DIX: Dec, Intel, Xerox
Pin organization in ICs (Hardware)
DIY: Do It Yourself
DILLIGAF: Do I Look Like I Give A F***?
(Net lingo)
Sometimes used by tech support people (Net lingo)
DIZ: Description In Zip
DILLIGAF: Does It Look Like I Give A F**ck
File name extension
(Net lingo)
DKI: Driver Kernel Interface
DIME: Desktop Integrated Media Environment
An interface between the UNIX system kernel and different types
DIME: Direct Internet Message Encapsulation of drivers. DKI consists of a set of driver-defined functions that
are called by the kernel. These functions are entry points into a
DIME: DIrect Memory Execute driver. (Operating systems)
DKMS: Dynamic Kernel Module Support
DIME: Dual Independent Map Encoding Designed to create a framework where kernel dependent module
source can reside so that it is very easy to rebuild modules as
DIMM: Dual In line Memory Module
you upgrade kernels (Operating systems) (Dell)
DL: Definition List
DIN: Deutsche Industrie Norm
German standards organization (Organizations)
DL: Distribution List
DIO: Data Input-Output
DL: DownLoad
DIP: Datacenter Infrastructure Provider
DL: Dual Layer
DIP: Dialup Internet Protocol
DIP: Digital Imaging Processing
DL/1: Data Language 1
DIP: Dual Inline Pin (IBM)
Refers to the physical geometry of an integrated circuit or other
DL/1: Data Language/1
electronic package; rectangular, with pins on the two longer sides
(Hardware) DLA: Drive Letter Access
DIPP: Dual Inline Pin Package (HP)
Refers to the physical geometry of an integrated circuit or other DLB: Dynamic Load Balancing
electronic package; rectangular, with pins on the two longer sides
(Hardware) DLC: Data Line Card
DIR: DIRectory
DLC: Data Link Control
DIS: Draft International Standard
DIS: Dynamic Impedance Stabilization Page 42 of 185


DLC: Digital Loop Carrier DMACS: Distributed Manufacturing Automation &

(Hardware) Control Software
DLCI: Data Link Connection Identifier DMAPI: Dictation Macro Application Programming
Identifies the Permanent Virtual Circuit (PVC) connections from Interface
the user to the frame relay cloud. Assigned by the service (Software)
provider (Communication)
DMB: Dhtml Menu Builder
DLD: Display List Driver Used to idetify a DHTML/Javascript menu building tool called
DLE: Data Link Escape DHTML Menu Builder. Also used in the extension of the

DLL: Dynamic Link Library

application's project files (Software)
DMB: Digital Multimedia Broadcasting
(Software) (Microsoft)
DMB: Domain Master Browser
DLL: Dynamic Link Loader
DLM: Distributed Lock Manager
DMC: Desktop Multimedia Conferencing
DLM: Dynamic Link Module
DMCA: Digital Millennium Copyright Act
DLP: Digital Light Processing
DMD: Device Manager Driver
DLP: Discrete Logarithmic Problem
DMD: Digital Micromirror Device
DLPI: Data Link Provider Interface (Hardware) (TI)
The SVR4 STREAMS-based kernel-level interface that supports
the services of the Data Link Layer for both connection-mode and
DMD: Directory Management Domain
connectionless-mode services. (Network) DMDF: Distributed Management Data Facility
DLR: Dos Lan Requester DME: Dictionary Module Editor
DLR: Dynamic Link Routine (CAI)
(Software) DME: Direct Memory Execution
DLS: Data Link Switching DME: Distributed Management Environment
DMF: Digest Message Format
DLS: Dos Lan Services
DMF: Distribution Media Format
DLS: DownLoadable Sample
DMG: Data Management Group
DLSCAP: Data Link Switching Client Access Protocol The department that manages data.
DMI: Definition of Management Information
DLSW: Data Link SWitching
DMI: Desktop Management Interface
DLT: Digital Linear Tape
DMI: Digital Multiplexed Interface

DLU: Dynamic Local User DMIF: Delivery Multimedia Integration Framework

(Network) (Novell) DMK: Dynamic Management Kit
dLVQ: Dynamic Learning Vector Quantizer (Sun)

DLZ: Digital Lempel-Ziv DML: Data Manipulation Language

Compression algorithm
DM: Delta Modulation DMM: Digital MultiMeter
DM: Desktop Management
DMM: Direct Mail Manager
DM: Disconnect Mode (Software) (Microsoft)
DM: Distributed Memory DMMS: Dynamic Memory Management System
DM: Document Management DMO: Distributed Management Object
DMA: Digital Music Aggregator This OLE server exposes representations of SQL Server database
objects (tables, stored procedures, server properties, and so on),
DMA: Dimensional Media Associates many of which are usually modified through Transact-SQL
(Databases) (Microsoft)
DMA: Direct Memory Access
The transfer of data directly into memory without supervision of DMOS: Double-diffused Metal Oxide Semiconductor
the processor. The data is passed on the bus directly between the (Hardware)
memory and another device. In contrast with Direct Virtual
Memory Access (DVMA). (Hardware) DMP: Dot Matrix Printer
DMA: Document Management Alliance DMPC: Distributed Memory Parallel Computer
DMAC: Direct Memory Access Controller DMPP: Distributed Memory Parallel Processor
(Hardware) DMQS: Display Mode Query and Set
(IBM) Page 43 of 185


DMS: Data Management Software DNM: Distributed Network Management

DMS: Defense Messaging System
Global messaging system used for transfer of non-classified and DNP: Distributed Network Protocol
classified data (for example, encrypted emails) (Software)
DNR: Digital Noise Reduction
DMS: Desktop Management Suite (Hardware)
DNR: Domain Name Resolver
DMS: Digital Multiplexed System (Network)
DMS: Distributed Media Services DNS: Digital Nervous System D
DMS: Document Management System (Microsoft)

DMSCMS: Display Management System DNS: Domain Name System

The process that translates Internet domain names (such as
DMSD: Digital MultiStandard Decoding into IP addresses (Network)
DMSDK: Digital Media Software Development Kit DNSBL: Domain Name System Black List
(Software) (SGI)
DNSSEC: Domain Name System SECurity
DMSS: Distributed Mass Storage System (Security)
DMT: Discrete MultiTone DNSSEC: Domain Name System SECurity extensions
DMTF: Distributed Management Task Force Technique for securing the Domain Name System. It is a set of
extensions to DNS, which provide end-to-end authenticity and
The DMTF is the industry organization that is leading the
integrity and was designed to protect the Internet from certain
development, adoption and unification of management standards
attacks. See also
and initiatives for desktop, enterprise and Internet environments
(Organizations) DNSWL: Domain Name System White List
DMU: Data Manipulation Unit DO: Data Out
DMVT: Dynamic Video Memory Technology DO: Distributed Objects
(Hardware) (Intel) (Operating systems)
DMY: Day Month Year DOA: Dead On Arrival
DMZ: De-Militarized Zone Service to replace malfunctioning devices (Hardware)
LAN segment between two firewalls (Network) DOA: Dead Or Alive
DN: Distinguished Name (Games)

DN: DowN DOC: Declaration Of Conformity

DNA: Digital Network Architecture DOC: DOCument

(DEC) File name extensions

DNA: Distributed interNet Application DOCSIS: Data Over Cable Service Internet
(Microsoft) Specification

DNAfs: Distributed interNet Application for DOCSV: Data Over Circuit-Switched Voice
Financial Services DOD: Department Of Defense
(Microsoft) (Organizations)
DNC: Direct Numerical Control DOD: Direct Outward Dialing
DNC: Dynamic Network Controller (Communication)

DNCP: DecNet Control Protocol DOE: Distributed Objects Environment

DNCRI: Division of Networking and Communication DOE: Distributed Objects Everywhere

Research and Infrastructure (Operating systems) (Sun)

DnD: Do Not Disturb DOI: Domain Of Interpretation

Used in chat rooms (Net lingo) DOIP: Dial Other Internet Providers
DnD: Drag aNd Drop (IBM)
(Software) DOIT: Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking
DNHR: Dynamic Non Hierarchical Routing and Technology

DNI: Decnet Network Interface DO-IT: Disabilities, Opportunities, Internetworking

and Technology
DNIC: Data Network Identification Code
DOJ: Department Of Justice
DNIS: Dialed Number Identification Service (Organizations)
DNJ: Developer Network Journal DOLAP: Desktop OnLine Analytical Processing
DOM: Document Object Model
DNLC: Directory Name Lookup Cache Popular, standardized way of manipulating XML data
Unix file cache (Operating systems) (Sun) Page 44 of 185


DOMAIN: Distributed Operating Multi Access DPL: Distributed Program Link

Interactive Network (IBM)
DOMF: Distributed Object Management Facility DPM: Defects Per Million
DPM: Demand Planning Module
DOOM: Decentralized Object-Oriented Machine (Software)
DoS: Denial Of Service DPM: Digital Panel Meter
(Network) (Hardware)
DOS: Disk Operating System DPMA: Data Processing Management Association D
(Operating systems) (Organizations)
DoSBS: Denial Of Service By Service DPMI: Dos Protected Mode Interface
The practice of making large numbers of legal accesses to a (Operating systems)
computer's public interface (i.e. web site) with the intention of
slowing or crashing the system. Hence Denial of Service By DPMS: Display Power Management Signaling
Service - the serving computer cannot keep up with the demands (Hardware)
DPMS: Dos Protected Mode Services
DOSEM: Disk Operating System EMulation
DPNPH: Data Packet Network-Packet Handler
DOT: Design Oriented Technology
DPO: Data Phase Optimization
DOT: DOcument Template
DPOF: Digital Print Order Format
Filename extension
DPP: Distributed Parallel Processing
DOV: Data Over Voice
(Communication) DPRAM: Dual-Ported Random Access Memory
A type of random access memory that allows multiple reads or
DOVBS: Data Over Voice Bearer Service
writes to occur at the same time (Hardware)
DPRG: Dallas Personal Robotics Group
DOW: Day Of Week
United States' oldest club involved in amateur robotics
DOW: Direct OverWrite (Organizations)

DP: Data Processing DPROP: Data PROPagator

DP: Defect Prevention
(Software) DPS: Desktop Purchasing System
Buy-side electronic commerce system which supports the
DP: Detection Point procurement process of indirect goods and services
DPA: Demand Protocol Architecture DPS: Digital Pixel Sensor
(3Com) (Hardware)
DPA: Document Printing Architecture DPS: Display PostScript
DPAM: Demand Priority Access Method DPS: Document Processing System
DPAREN: Data PARity ENable DPSK: Differential Phase Shift Keying
DPB: Drive Parameter Block (Communication)

DPBC: Delivery Point Bar Code DPST: Double Pole Single Throw
US Mail system to speed mail sorting, increase delivery accuracy, DPT: Distributed Processing Technology
and reduce postage costs
DPC: Deferred Procedure Call DPtoTP: Display Coordinates TO Tablet Coordinates
DPC: Direct Program Control Coordinates conversion
DPDT: Double Pole Double Throw DPV: Distributed Partitioned View
Joins horizontally partitioned data from a set of member tables
DPE: Distributed Processing Environment
across one or more servers, making the data appear as if from
DPI: Data Processing Information one table (Databases) (Microsoft)

DPI: Digital Phone Interface DQDB: Distributed Queue Dual Bus

DPI: Distributed Protocol Interface DQL: Data Query Language
dpi: Dots Per Inch DQP: Distributed Query Processor
Resolution Measurement (Databases)

DPKG: Debian PacKaGe DQPSK: Differential Quadrature Phase Shift Keying

Binary software package for installation on Debian GNU/Linux. (Communication)
Also, the software installation program (Operating systems)
DR: Data Received
DPKT: Dynamic Public Key Technology
DR: Disaster Recovery
DPL: Descriptor Privilege Level Process or plan by which a business would recover it's IT systems
in the case or a major incident (disaster) Page 45 of 185


DR.BOND: Dial-up Router Bandwidth ON Demand DRP: Distribution and Replication Protocol
(NEC) The goal of the DRP protocol is to significantly improve the
efficiency and reliability of data distribution over HTTP
DRAC: Dell Remote Assistant Card
Interface card from Dell Inc that provides out-of-band DRS: Data Replication Service
management facilities. The controller has its own processor, Service to move data between members of a server cluster
memory, battery, network connection, and access to the system (Software)
bus (Hardware) (Dell)
DRS: Document Registration System
DRAM: Dynamic Random Access Memory
DRS: Driver ReSource
A type of semiconductor random-access memory that stores
information in integrated circuits that contain capacitors. Because File name extension D
capacitors lose their charge over time, the dynamic RAM must be DRU: Disc Remastering Utility
periodically "refreshed" or recharged. (Hardware)
Tool designed to create a customized copy of the Ubuntu Linux
DRAS: Dynamic Remote Access Service Distribution (Operating systems)
(Microsoft) DRV: device DRiVer
DRAW: Direct Read After Write File name extension

DRB: Dram Row Boundary DRV: DRiVe

DRC: Design Rule Checks DRW: Drawing
File name extensions
DRD: Data Reading Device
DS: Data Segment
DRD: Digital Ruggedized Display
CPU register (Hardware) (Intel)
DS: Data Send
DRDA: Distributed Relational Database Architecture
(Databases) DS: Data Server
DRDAAS: Distributed Relational Database DS: Data Strobe
Architecture Application Server (Hardware)

DR-DOS: Digital Research Disk Operating System DS: Database Server

DRDRAM: Direct Rambus Dynamic Random Access
Memory DS: Differentiated Service
(Hardware) A IETF standard for a small, well-defined set of per-packet
building blocks from which a variety of services may be built,
DRDW: Direct Read During Write thereby providing a framework for delivering quality of service
DRE: Document Rendering Engine (QoS) in networks (Network)
Collection of Java classes that can be used to define an abstract DS: Digital Science
document and render it in PDF or HTML. A document consists of a (Hardware) (Kodak)
collection of elements such as text, lists (bulleted, numbered,
plain), tables, images, fonts, color, etc. (Software) (IBM) DS: Digital Services
DREN: Defense Research and Engineering Network DS: Digital Signal
DS: Digital Studio
DRF: Data Recovery Field (Sony)
In NTFS file encryption keys are stored there (Operating systems)
DS: Directory Service
DRI: Declarative Referential Integrity
DS: Direct-Sequence
IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN access method (Communication)
DRI: Defense Research Internet
DS: Distribution Service
DRI: Digital Research Incorporated
DS: Double-Sided
DRK: Devnet Resource Kit (Hardware)
(Software) (Macromedia)
DS/PPM: Direct Sequence/Pulse Position
DRM: Destination Release Mechanism Modulation
DRM: Digital Rights Management (Hardware)
Copy-protection scheme DS0: Digital Signaling Zero
DRM: Distributed Resource Management (Communication)

DRMOS: Digital Rights Management Operating DS3D: DirectSound 3D

System (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

DRMU: Digital Remote Measurement Unit DSA: Digital Signature Algorithm

DRO: Data Request Output DSA: Digital Storage Architecture

DRO: Destructive Read-Out

DRP: Decnet Routing Protocol Page 46 of 185


DSA: Directory System Agent DSL: Dialogue Scripting Language

The software that provides the X.500 directory service for a
DSL: Digital Subscriber Line
portion of the directory information base. Generally, each DSA is
responsible for the directory information for a single organization (Communication)
or organizational unit. DSL: Distributed Service Logic
DSA: Distributed Systems Architecture DSL: Domain Specific Language
DSA: Dynamic Scalable Architecture A programming languge created to solve a specific type of
problem (Software)
DSAP: Destination Service Access Point
DSAV: Dr. Solomon's Anti Virus
DSL: Dual Stress Liner
Technology by AMD and IBM to strain silicon chips to enhance
(Software) their performance (Hardware)
DSBAM: Double-SideBand Amplitude Module DSL: Dynamic Simulation Language
DSBM: Designated Subnet Bandwidth Manager DSL2: Downloadable Sounds Level 2
A device on a managed subnetwork that acts as the Subnet (Hardware)
Bandwidth Manager for the subnetwork to which it is attached
(Network) DSLAM: Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer
DSC: Digital Still Camera
(Hardware) DSLCP: Dynamically Switched Link Control Protocol
DSC: Document Structuring Convention
DSLR: Digital Single-Lens Reflex
DSC: Document Structuring Conventions
DSCP: Differentiated Services Code Point
DSM: Directory Service Migration
DSM: Discrete Sequence Modulation
DSD: Data Stream Direct
DSM: Distributed Shared Memory
DSD: Data Structure Diagram
DSDD: Double Sided, Double Density
DSMA: Digital Sense Multiple Access
DSDL: Document Schema Definition Language
DSM-CC: Digital Storage Media - Command and
Its goal is to bring together different validation-related tasks and
expressions to form a single extensible framework that allows
technologies to work in series or in parallel to produce a single or DSML: Directory Services Markup Language
a set of validation results
DSMN: Directory Service Manager for Netware
DSDM: Drop Site Database Manager
(Operating systems)
A process (not the sending client) responsible for maintaining a
registry or database of potential drop sites for drag and drop DSN: Data Source Name
operations. (Databases)
DSDP: Device Software Development Platform DSN: Delivery Service Notification
Provides an extensible, standards-based platform to support all
phases of the device software (embedded) development process, DSN: Developer Support News
including hardware bring-up, platform software development, and DSN: Distributed Systems Network
embedded application software development (Software)
DSO: Data Source Object
DSE: Data Storage Equipment
DSE: Directory Services Environment
DSO: Decision Support Object
Contains a list of Naming Contexts and Application Partitions
maintained by a Domain Controller (Operating systems) DSO: Digital Storage Oscilloscope
(Microsoft) An oscilloscope with a built-in memory used to store electronic
waveforms (Hardware)
DSEA: Display Station Emulation Adapter
DSF: Dispersion Shifted Fibre DSO: Dynamic Shared Object
Optical fiber type (Communication)
DSHD: Double Sided, High Density DSOM: Distributed System Object Model
(Operating systems) (IBM)
DSI: Defense Simulation Internet
DSP: Development Service Provider
DSI: Distributed Storage Infrastructure
DSP: Dictionary Server Protocol
DSI: Dynamic Systems Initiative (Network)
Microsoft's technology strategy for products and solutions that
help businesses enhance the dynamic capability of its people, DSP: Digital Signal Processor
process, and IT infrastructure using technology (Microsoft) A computer oriented toward math-intensive applications, often a
single chip or small chip set. (Hardware)
DSIG: Digital SIGnature
(Security) DSP: Digital Sound Processor
DSIMM: Dual Single Inline Memory Module
DSP: Directory Synchronization Protocol
DSIS: Distributed Support Information Standard
(Lotus) Page 47 of 185


DSP: Document Services for Printing DTB: Data Transfer Bus

Part of the VMEbus specification that contains data and address
DSP: Domain-Specific Part
pathways and associated control signals. Functional modules
(Network) called DTB masters and DTB slaves use the DTB to transfer data
DSPT: Display Station Pass-Thru between each other. (Hardware)
(IBM) DTC: Design-Time Control (or Component)
DSQD: Double Sided, Quad Density (Software)

DSR: Data Set Ready DTC: DeskTop Conferencing

Serial port signal (Communication) DTC: Distributed Transactions Coordinator D
DSR: Device Status Register (Databases) (Microsoft)

DSR: Device Status Report DTCP: Digital Transmission Content Protection

DSRI: Digital Standard Relational Interface DTD: Document Type Definition

DSRL: Document Schema Renaming Language DTE: Data Terminal Equipment

Provides a mechanism whereby users can assign locally That part of a data station that serves as a data source, data sink,
meaningful names to XML elements, attributes and entities or both, and provides for the data communication control function
without having to completely rewrite the DTD or schema to which according to protocols. In contrast with Data Communication
they are required to conform Equipment (DCE). (Communication)

DSS: Decision Support System DTE: Dumb Terminal Emulator

DSS: Digital Signature Standard DTF: Distributed Test Facility

DSS: Direct Station Selector DTL: Dialogue Tag Language

(Hardware) (IBM)

DSS: Distributed Security Service DTL: Diode Transistor Logic

Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware)
DSSI: Digital Standard Systems Interconnect
DTLB: Dual Translation Lookaside Buffer

DSSLL: Differentiated Services over Specific Link DTLL: Data Type Library Language
Layers Specifies libraries of datatypes using an XML language. The
schema for this language is defined in This International Standard
A system for mapping between Differentiated Services and other
using the compact syntax of the RELAX NG schema language, as
bandwidth-management protocols such as 802.1p and ATM
defined by Annex C of ISO 19757:2
DTM: Deterministic Turing Machine
DSSS: Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum
(Communication) DTM: Digital Terrain Mapping
DSSSL: Document Style Semantic and Specification DTM: Distributed Transaction Monitor
DTM: Document Table Model
International standard for associating processing with SGML
Interface to a document model designed specifically for the needs
of Apache's XPath and XSLT implementations. The motivation
DST: Daylight Saving Time behind this model is to optimize performance and minimize
storage (Software)
DSTN: Double-layer SuperTwist Nematic
LCD display technology (Hardware)
DTMF: Dual Tone MultiFrequency
Use of two simultaneous voice-band tones for dial (such as touch
DSU: Data Service Unit tone) (Hardware)
DSU: Digital Service Unit DTML: Document Template Markup Language
DSVD: Digital Simultaneous Voice and Data DTMS: Data Transformation Management System
DTO: Data Transfer Object
DSW: Data Status Word An "envelope" used to transport any kind of data between tiers of
systems (Software)
DSW: Device Status Word
DTO: Day-Time Organizer
DSX: Digital Signals Cross-connect
DT: Definition Term
DTP: Data Tools Platform
Provides extensible frameworks and exemplary tools, enabling a
DT4DTD: DataTypes For Document Type Definition diverse set of plug-in offerings specific to particular data-centric
technologies and supported by the DTP ecosystem (Software)
DTA: Direct Tape Access
(Seagate) DTP: DeskTop Publishing

DTA: Disk Transfer Area DTP: Distributed Transaction Processing

DTAP: Direct Transfer Application Part DTR: Data Terminal Ready

Serial port signal (Communication)
DTR: Data Transfer Rate Page 48 of 185


DTR: Dedicated Token Ring DVD-A: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk-Audio
(Network) (Hardware)
DTR: DeskTop Reproduction DVD-MMVFF: Digital Versatile Disc MultiMedia Video
File Format
DTR: Draft Technical Report
DVD-R: Digital Video Disk-Recordable
DTS: Data Transformation Service
(Databases) DVD-RAM: Digital Versatile Disk - Random Access
DTS: Developer Technical Support
A read-write DVD (Hardware)
(Software) (Sun) D
DVD-ROM: Digital Versatile Disk - Read Only
DTS: Digital Theater Surround
DTS: Distributed Time Service A read only DVD (Hardware)
DTS: Distributed Traffic Shaping DVD-RW: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk-
(Cisco) ReWritable
DTSS: Dartmouth Time Sharing System
DVE: Digital Video Effect
DTU: Demand Transmission Unit
D-VHS: Digital Video Home System
DTV: DeskTop Video
DVI: DeVice Independent
DTV: Digital TeleVision
File name extension
DVI: Diagonal Viewable Image
DTVC: DeskTop Video Conferencing
DU: Disk Usage
DVI: Digital Video Interactive
DUA: Directory User Agent
DVI: Digital Video Interface
The software that accesses the X.500 directory service on behalf
of the directory user. The directory user may be a person or Specification to interface digital flat panels with host PCs
another software element. (Hardware)

DUAT: Direct User Access Terminal DVI-A: Digital Video Interface-Analog

DUL: Dialup Users List
Project to encourage good e-mail behaviour and accountability DVI-D: Digital Video Interface-Digital
without denying regular e-mail. See (Hardware)

DUN: Dial-Up Networking DVI-I: Digital Video Interface-Integrated

(Network) (Hardware)

DUNCE: Dial Up Network Connection Enhancement DVI-V: Digital Video Interface-Vga

(Network) (Hardware)

DUP: DUPlex DVL: Digital Video Link

Used in SCSI interface for split backplane (Hardware) DVM: Digital Volt Meter
DUT: Device Under Test (Hardware)

DUW: Distributed Unit of Work DVMA: Direct Virtual Memory Access

(IBM) A mechanism to enable a device on the SBus to initiate data
transfers between it and other SBus
DV: Digital Video devices, such as system memory. Contrast with Direct Memory
DVB: Digital Video Broadcasting Access (DMA). (Hardware)
(Communication) DVMRP: Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol
DVC: Desktop Video Conferencing
DVOF: Digital Video Over Fiber
DVC: Digital Video Camera
(Hardware) DVR: device DriVeR
File name extension
DVD: Deutsche Vereinigung für Datenschutz
DVD: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk DVR: Digital Video Recorder

DVD+MRW: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk-Mount DVRMP: Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol
rainier ReWritable (Network)
Standard that enables native OS support of data storage on DVX: Digital Voice eXchange
DVD+RW. This makes the technology far easier to use and allows
the replacement of the floppy. See DW: Data Warehouse
(Hardware) (Databases)
DVD+RW: Digital Video (or Versatile) Disk- DW: Display Write
ReWritable Word Processor (Software) (IBM)
(Hardware) Page 49 of 185


DW: Double Word E3: Electronic Entertainement Expo

Four consecutive bytes (32 bits)
E4X: Ecmacript For Xml
DWA: Data Warehousing Alliance set of programming language extensions adding native XML
(Databases) (Microsoft) support to ECMAScript. See also http://www.ecma-
DWC: Data Warehouse Catalog (Software)
Data warehousing (Databases)
EA: Effective Address
DWDM: Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing
EA: Enterprise Agreement
Licensing scheme (Microsoft) D
DWF: Design Web Format
EA: Escrowed Authenticator
Fast, efficient way to distribute design data to anyone who needs
it. With Autodesk Express Viewer, a small, free, downloadable EA: Extended Attribute E
application, you can view and print that rich data (Software) (IBM)
EAB: Enterprise Application Builder
DWG: DraWinG
File name extension
EADAS: Engineering and Administrative Data
DWM: Diskless Workstation Management Acquisition System
DWMT: Discrete Wavelet MultiTone EADASNM: Engineering and Administrative Data
DWT: Discrete Wavelet Transform Acquisition System Network Management
DX: DirectX EADT: East Australian Daylight Time
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) Timezone: GMT +10:00

DX: DupleX E-ADT: Extended Abstract Data Type

(Communication) (Software)

DXB: Drawing eXchange Binary EAGLES: Expert Advisory Group on Language

File name extension (Autodesk) Engineering Standards
DXC: Data eXchange Control EAI: Enterprise Application Integration
DXF: Data eXchange File EAM: Enterprise Asset Management
DXF: Drawing Exchange Format
File name extension EAM: Evanescent Access Method
DXI: Data eXchange Interface EAN: European Article Number
An interface to frame relay networks (Communication) Bar code standards family

DXL: Domino Xml Language EAP: Early Adopter Program

(IBM) EAP: Enterprise Application Platform
DXPC: Differential X Protocol Compressor (Software)

Dxr: Dynamic eXtended Resolution EAP: Extensible Authentication Protocol

(Hardware) (Creative Labs) (Security)

DXTC: DirectX Texture COmpression EAPI: Extended Application Programming Interface

(Microsoft) (Software)

DXVA: DirectX Video Acceleration EAPoL: Extensible Authentication Protocol Over Lan
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) (Security)

DYE: Damn Your Eyes EAR: Enterprise ARchive

(Net lingo) Filename extension (Software)

DYNSLT: DYNamic SeLecT EAR: External Access Register

(IBM) EARL: Enhanced Address Recognition Logic
Is a custom Catalyst 5000 family switch component similar to the
E learning bridge or content-addressable memory (CAM) of other
types of network switches and routers (Hardware) (Cisco)
E: Exa
Prefix for 10 power 18 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 60)
EARN: European Academic Research Network
A network using BITNET technology connecting universities and
E&M: Ear & Mouth research labs in Europe. (Network)
Trunking arrangement generally used for two-way switch-to-
switch or switch-to-network connections (Hardware)
EAROM: Electrically Alterable Read Only Memory
E2E: End-To-End
EARS: Electronic Access to Reference Services
The ability of a network to deliver service needed by a specific
network application from end-to-end, with the ability to provide EARS: Electronic Authoring and Routing System
both class of service and reserved bandwidth for different types of
network traffic (Network)
EARS: Explicit Archive and Retrieval System Page 50 of 185


EAS: Enterprise Access Server ebXML: Electronic Business eXtensible Markup

EAS: Enterprise Agreement for S/390
This standard aims at creating a modular electronic business
(Software) (IBM)
framework using XML. It is the product of a joint initiative by the
EASI: Enhanced Asynchronous Scsi Interface United Nations (UN/CEFACT) and the Organization for the
Advancement of Structured Information Systems (OASIS)
EAST: East Australian Standard Time
EC: Electronic Commerce
Timezone: GMT +10:00
EAT: End Around Test EC: Error Control
Also known as a wrap test, returns output signal to input line EC: European Community
EC: Exchange Carrier
EATA: Enhanced Advanced Technology bus
(Communication) E
ECAF: European Certification Authority Forum
EAX: Environmental Audio eXtensions
(Hardware) (Creative Labs)
ECAL: Enjoy Computing And Learn

EB: ExaByte ECAT: Electronic Card Assembly and Test

1024 petabytes (IBM)

EBASIC: Extended Beginners All-purpose Symbolic ECB: Electronic CodeBook

Instruction Code ECB: Event Control Block
Programming language (Software) A data structure used to control sending and receiving of packets
in a Novell Network (Operating systems) (Novell)
EBC: Eisa Bus Controller
ECC: Electrical Connectivity Checks
EBCDIC: Extended Binary Coded Decimal
Interchange Code ECC: Elliptic Curve Cryptography
Charachter encoding scheme (IBM) Technology for public key cryptosystems, providing the highest
security-to-key size ratio (Security)
EBCT: Electron Beam Computed Tomography
Character encoding scheme ECC: Error Checking and Correction
The detection, in the processing unit, and correction of all single-
EBD: Emergency Boot Disk bit errors, plus the detection of double-bit and some multiple-bit
EBDI: Enhanced Background Debug Interface errors.
(Hardware) (Motorola) ECC: Error Correction Code
EBDS: Enhanced Background Debug Software ECD: Enhanced Color Display
EBF: Emergency Bug Fix ECD: Enhanced Compact Disk
ECDL: European Computer Driving Licence
EBF: Engineering Bug Fix The ECDL Foundation works to promote an International
(Sybase) certification of industry-standard computing skills. See (Organizations)
EBI: Equivalent Background Input
ECF: Enhanced Connectivity Facilities
EBI: Extended Background Investigation
ECHO: European Commission Host Organization
EBI: External Bus Interface
(Hardware) ECHS: Extended Cylinders, Heads, Sectors
Enables use of hard drives up to 8.4 GB in size (Hardware)
EBIP: Enterprise Business Intelligence Portal
ECHT: European Conference on Hypermedia
EBKAC: Error Between Keyboard And Chair Technology
Pronounced 'ebb-kak', is used to describe user errors --
"obviously an EBKAC error" (Net lingo) ECI: External Call Interface
EBML: Extensible Binary Meta Language
Simple, XML-like binary language for describing data in ECL: EClectic Language
structured style. See
ECL: Emitter Coupled Logic
EBNF: Extended Backus-Naur Form Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware)
EBPP: Electronic Bill Presentment and Payment ECLF: Extended Common Log Format
Allows customers of commerce institutions to view and pay their (Network)
bills online
ECM: Electronic Control Module
EBROM: Electronic Book Read Only Memory
ECM: Electronic Counter Measures
EBSS: Extended Basic Service Set (Hardware)
Wireless network with more than one wireless access point
(Network) ECM: Endpoint Congestion Management
EBT: Electronic Benefits Transfer
ECM: Enterprise Commerce Management
ECM: Enterprise Content Management
ECM: Entity Coordination Management Page 51 of 185


ECM: Error-Correction Mode EDA: Electronic Design Automation

ECMA: European Computer Manufacturing EDA: Embedded Document Architecture
EDA: Event Driven Architecture
Software architecture pattern promoting the production,
ECML: Electronic Commerce Modeling Language detection, consumption of, and reaction to events (Software)

ECMP: Equal Cost Multipath Protocol EDAC: Electromechanical Digital Adapter Circuit
(Network) EDB: Embedded DataBase
ECN: Electronic Communications Network EDB: External Data Bus
ECN: European Counter Network (Hardware)

ECN: Explicit Congestion Notification EDC: Easy Data Communication E

(Network) (Communication)

ECNE: Enterprise Certified Netware Engineer EDC: Electronic Digital Computer

(Novell) EDC: Enhanced Data Correction
ECO: Engineering Change Order EDC: Error Detection and Correction
Hardware minor revisions, usually in the days of minicomputers,
where a change wasn't made to the PCB layout (which would EDC: Error Detection Code
probably carry the major revision number/letter), e.g. to correct
EDD: Enhanced Disk Drive
a problem found in operation and approved and recorded by HQ
staff (Hardware) Mechanism to match x86 BIOS device names (e.g. int13 device
80h) to Linux device names (e.g. /dev/sda, /dev/hda). EDD is a
ECOM: Electronic Computer Originated Mail project of a T13 committee (Operating systems)
ECOOP: European Conference on Object Orientated EDDC: Extended Distance Data Cable
EDE: Encrypt-Decrypt-Encrypt
ECP: Enhanced Communication Protocol
EDFA: Erbium Doped Fibre Amplifier
ECP: Extended Capabilities Port (Communication)
EDGAR: Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and
ECPA: Electronic Communication Privacy Act Retrieval
ECPP: Enterprise Collaborative Processing Portal EDGE: Enhanced Data-rate for Gsm Evolution
ECR: Enterprise Content Repository EDI: Electronic Data Interchange
ECR: Enterprise Customer Resource EDI: Electronic Document Interchange
eCRM: Electronic Customer Relationship
Management EDID: Extended Display Identification Data
A complete view of customer interactions, stored in electronic (Hardware)
format for review and data manipulation (Software)
EDIF: Electronic Design Interchange Format
ECS: Element Construction Set A standard file format for exchanging CAD data.
Java API for generating elements for various markup languages it
directly supports HTML 4.0 and XML, but can easily be extended EDIFACT: Electronic Data Interchange For
to create tags for any markup language (Software) Administration Commerce and Transport
ECS: Enhanced Chip Set EDIINT: Electronic Data Interchange-Internet
ECS: Enterprise Control Station
Standard detailing a set of protocols and requirements to
ECS: Event Communication Service package, secure, communicate and authenticate transactions over
the Internet in an interoperable manner
ECSA: Exchange Carriers Standards Association
EDIT: Emulsion Direct Imaging Technology
ECTF: Enterprise Computer Telephony Forum (Hardware)
Brings together the best industry thinkers on the planet to deliver
on a shared vision in the computer telephony industry to allow for EDL: Edit Decision List
open access to a diversity of communications products and
services. See also (Organizations)
EDLC: Ethernet Data Link Control

ECTL: Electronic Communal Temporal Lobe EDM: Electronic Document Management

ECTS: European Consumer Trade Show EDM: Engineering Data Management

ECU: Eisa Configuration Utility EDM: Enterprise Data Model

Data warehousing
ED: End Delimiter
EDM: Environmental Descriptor Manager
ED: Enhanced Density (Databases)
ED: Erase Display EDMS: Electronic Document Management System
ED: Extra-high Density EDO: Extended Data Output
2.88 MB floppy disk (Hardware) Memory manufacturing technology (Hardware) Page 52 of 185


EDOC: Enterprise Distributed Object Computing EEPROM: Electrically Erasable Programmable Read
Only Memory
EDODRAM: Extended Data Out Dynamic Random
A non-volatile PROM that may be written to as well as read from.
Access Memory
EES: Escrow Encryption Standard
EDOS: Enhanced Disk Operating System
Mmeory manufacturing technology EESP: Enterprise Extended Services Portal
EDP: Electronic Data Processing EET: Eastern European Time
Timezone: GMT +1:00
EDP: Extended Dos Partition
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) EF: Expedited Forwarding
A Per-Hop Behavior in the Differentiated Service standard, used
EDPM: Electronic Data Processing Machine to create a virtual leased line service (Network) E
EDPS: Electronic Data Processing System EFA: Extended File Attribute
EDPT: Enhanced fixed Disk Parameter Table EFCI: Explicit Forward Congestion Indication
EFF: Electronic Frontier Foundation
EDR: External Developer Release
EFI: Electromechanical Frequency Interference
EDRAM: Extended Dynamic Random Access Memory
EFI: Electronics For Imaging

EDS: Electronic Data Systems EFI: Extensible Firmware Interface

Specification that defines a new model for the interface between
EDSAC: Electronic Delay Storage Automatic operating systems and platform firmware
EFI: External Functional Interface
EDSF: Electronic Document Systems Foundation
EFIGS: English, French, Italian, German, Spanish
See (Organizations)
EFL: Emitter Follower Logic
EDSRA: Earth Data System Reference Application
EDT: Eastern Daylight Time
EFM: Eight to Fourteen Modulation
Timezone: GMT -5:00
EFM: Ethernet First Mile
EDTV: Enhanced Definition TeleVision
E-FORM: Electronic FORM
EDU: Engine Dispatchable Unit
(Databases) EFS: Encrypting File System
(Operating systems)
EDVAC: Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic
Computer EFSP: Enhanced Fax Service Provider
First stored-program digital computer
EFT: Electronic Funds Transfer
EDW: Enterprise Data Warehouse EFT: Euro FileTransfer
EE: Extended Edition
EFTPoS: Point Of SaleElectronic Funds Transfer at
(IBM) Point Of Sale
EEA: Extended Enterprise Applications EFTS: Electronic Funds Transfer at Point Of Sale
EGA: Enhanced Graphics Adapter
EEC: Extended Error Correction Video specification for a resolution of 640x350 pixels in 16 colors
EEG: ElectroEncephaloGram (Hardware)

EEI: Equipment to Equipment Interface EGP: Exterior Gateway Protocol

A reachability routing protocol used by gateways in a two-level
EEL: Epsilon Extension Language internet. EGP is used in the Internet core system. (Network)
EEM: External Expansion Module EGREP: Extended Global Regular Expression Print
EEMA: European Electronic Messaging Association EGS: Enhanced Graphics System
EGSM: Extended Global System for Mobile
EEMAC: Electrical & Electronic MAnufacturers of communications
Canada (Communication)
EEMS: Enhanced Expanded Memory Specification EHCI: Enhanced Host Controller Interface
(Operating systems) (Hardware)
EEP: Entry Exit Procedure EHF: Encoding Header Field
EEPRO: Ethernet Express PRO EHF: Extreme High Frequency
Network interface card (Hardware) (Intel)
EHLLAPI: Emulator High-Level Language
Application Programming Interface Page 53 of 185


EIA: Electronic Industries Alliance ELF: Extremely Low Frequency

High-tech association that represents the full spectrum of U.S. (Hardware)
electronics and high-tech industry manufacturers. See also (Organizations) ELH: Entity Life History

EIAJ: Electronic Industry Association of Japan ELI: Embedded Lisp Interpreter

(Organizations) ELIC: Electronic Library Information Center
EiB: ExbIByte ELINT: ELectronic INTelligence
Unit of measurement, introduced by the International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024 PiB ELK: Extension Language Kit

EICAVR: European Institute for Computer Anti- ELLIS: EuLisp LInda System
Virus Research ELM: ELectronic Mail
EIDE: Enhanced Integrated Drive (or Device)
Electronics ELOD: Erasable Laser Optical Disk
Bus architecture (Hardware)
ELP: Equational Logic Programming
EIGRP: Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol
ELS: Entry Level System
Cisco proprietary routing protocol loosely based on their original
IGRP. EIGRP is an advanced distance-vector routing protocol, ELSA: ELektronische SAchen
with optimizations to minimize both the routing instability
German hardware manufacturer (Hardware)
incurred after topology changes (Network) (Cisco)
ELSNET: European Language and Speech NETwork
EIM: Electronic Image Management
EM: ElectroMagnetic
EIO: Enhanced Input/Output
EM: Electronic Mail
EIP: Enterprise Information Portal
(IBM) EM: EMphasis
HTML tag
EIR: Equipment Identity Register
A database containing a list of all valid IMEIs on the network EM: End of Medium
EM: Enterprise Management
EIS: Enterprise Information System
EM: Expanded Memory
EIS: European Information System
EM: Extensions Manager
EIS: Executive Information System
EMA: Electronic Mail Association
EISA: Extended Industry Standard Architecture
EMA: Enterprise Management Architecture
PC bus architecture (Hardware)
EMA: Enterprise Memory Architecture
EISE: Extended Intergration Support Environment
(Operating systems)
ADA project aimed to provide a real-time simulation of a generic
aircraft, together with the significant environmental factors EMACS: Editing MACroS
EISS: Europaeisches Institut für SystemSicherheit E-MAIL: Electronic MAIL
EITAAC: Electronic and Information Technology EMB: Enhanced Master Burst
Access Advisory Committee
EMB: Extended Memory Block
EMBARC: Electronic Mail Broadcast to A Roaming
EJB: Enterprise Java Bean
(Software) (Sun)
EMBM: Environment-Mapped Bump Mapping
EJC: Electronic Journal of Communication
EMC: ElectroMagnetic Compatibility
EKP: Enterprise Knowledge Portal
(IBM) EMC: E-Mail Connection
EL: ElectroLuminescent EMC: Emergency Management Card
(Hardware) (Hardware) (Intel)

EL: Erase Line EMC: Enhanced Memory Chip

EL1: Extensible Language One EMC: Extended Math Coprocessor
ELAN: Emulated Local Area Network EMEA: Europe, Middle East and Africa
ELC: Embedded Linking and Control EMF: Eclipse Modeling Framework
Modeling framework and code generation facility for building
ELD: Electronic License Distribution tools and other applications based on a structured data model.
ELEC: Enterprise Local Exchange Carrier See also (Software)

ELF: Electronic Location Finder EMF: ElectroMagnetic Field

ELF: Executable and Linking Format EMF: Enhanced MetaFile

(Software) File format for graphics (Microsoft)
EMF: Extensible Message Format Page 54 of 185


EMI: ElectroMagnetic Interference ENDS: END of Segment

EMI: Enhanced Multilayer Image ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator And
Cisco's multicast routing implentation permits any host to send a Computer
packet but only members of the multicast group to receive it if First fully electronic digital computer
"EMI" is enabled on the Stack Master. (Network) (Cisco)
ENL: EndNote Library
EML: Element Management Layer File extension for EndNote Program used in bibliographies
EML: EMaiL (Software)
Filename extension used by MS Outlook Express (Software) ENQ: ENQuiry
ENS: Enterprise Network Services
EMM: Expanded Memory Manager
ENSS: Exterior Nodal Switching Subsystem
EMM: Extended Memory Management E
ENT: Enterprise Network Tools
EMMA: European MultiMedia Award
EO: Europe Online
EMMA: Extensible MultiModal Annotation
Markup language intended for use by systems that provide
EOA: End Of Address
semantic interpretations for a variety of inputs, including but not (Communication)
necessarily limited to, speech, natural language text, GUI and ink
EOB: End Of Block
input. See also
EMMP: Enterprise Mission Management Portal
EOC: End Of Character
EMO: Exchange Messaging Outlook
EOC: End Of Conversion
EMP: ElectroMagnetic Pulse
EOD: End Of Data
EOD: Erasable Optical Disk
EMR: ElectroMagnetic Radiation
EMR: Electronic Medical Record EOF: End Of File
A particular character, usually a Control-D, that tells the system it
has reached the end of the file.
EMR: Enhanced Metafile Record
EOF: Enterprise Object Framework
EMS: Electronic Mail System (Software) (Apple)
EMS: Electronic Messaging Service EOI: End Of Input
EMS: Element Management System EOI: End Of Interrupt
EOI: End Or Identify
EMS: Energy Management System
EOJ: End Of Job
EMS: Enhanced Message Service
EOL: End Of Line
EMS: Entrust Messaging Server
EOL: End Of List
EOM: End Of Message
EMS: Expanded Memory Specification
EON: Edge Of Network
EMSAPI: Extended Messaging Services Application
(Network) (IBM)
Programming Interface
EON: Extranet Object Network
EMSC: Electronic Mail Standards Committee
EMT: Eastern Mediterranean Time
EOP: End Of Procedure
Timezone: GMT +2:00
EOR: Electro-Optical Reconnaissance
EMV: Europay, Mastercard and Visa
EOR: Exclusive OR
EMWAC: European Microsoft Windows nt Academic
Also XOR
EOS: Earth Observing System
EMX: Enterprise Messaging eXchange
EOS: Ecc On Simm
EN: Europa Norm
ENA: Electronic Networking Association
EOS: Electrical OverStress
ENA: Extended Network Addressing Electrically overstressing and damaging a device or component
by too much voltage or current (Hardware)
ENC: ENCoded
File name extension EOS: End Of String
ENC: Enterprise Naming Context EOS: Extended Operating System
ENDC: European Network Design Center
ENDEC: ENcoder/DECoder Page 55 of 185


EOSDIS: Earth Observing System Data and EPRI: Electric Power Research Institute
Information System (Organizations)
EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory
EOT: End Of Table A non-volatile memory chip that is programmed
after they it is manufactured. EPROMs differ from PROMs in that
EOT: End Of Tape they can be erased (generally by exposing the semiconductor
(Hardware) material to the ultraviolet light) and can be reprogrammed after
having been erased. (Hardware)
EOT: End Of Text
EPRPI: Enhanced Primary Rate Peripheral Interface
EOT: End Of Transmission
(Communication) EPS: Encapsulated PostScript
A file format for graphics and text supported by several graphics
EoU: Ease Of Use
drawing applications. (Adobe) E
EOUG: European Oracle User Group
EPSF: Encapsulated PostScript Files
EoVDSL: Ethernet Over Very high bit rate Digital
EPSI: Encapsulated PostScript Interchange
Subscriber Line
A version of the encapsulated PostScript format that describes an
(Communication) image using a standard text file. (Adobe)
EP: ElectroPhotographic EQD: English Query Domain
Laser printing technology (Hardware) Filename extension (Databases) (Microsoft)
EP: Exchange Provider EQP: EQuiPment
ER: Entity Relationship
EPA: Enhanced Performance Architecture
ER: Error Resilience
EPA: Environmental Protection Agency Technique that make systems more robust against errors
ER: Explicit cell Rate
EPAC: Enhanced Perceptual Audio Coder
ER/RC: Extended Result/Response Code
EPD: Early Packet Discard
ERA: Extended Registry Attributes

EPIC: Eclipse PlugIn Central ERA/O: Embedded Remote Access Option

(Software) (Hardware) (Dell)

EPIC: Electronic Privacy Information Center ERAS: Electronic Routing and Approval System

EPIC: Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing ERD: Emergency Repair Disk

EPL: Effective Privilege Level ERD: Entity-Relationship Diagram

EPL: Electronic switching system Programming ERIC: Educational Resources Information Center
Language ERIN: Environmental Resources Information
EPLD: Electrically Programmable Logic Device Network
(Hardware) ERLL: Enhanced Run Length Limited
EPM: Enhanced editor for Presentation Manager ERM: Enterprise Relationship Management
ERM: Enterprise Resource Management
EPM: Enterprise Print Manager (Software)
An OS/390 software solution for management of printers and
ERM: Entity-Relationship Model
print jobs in addition to the various printing functions. The host
data, AFP as well as line data, are converted into printer data ERMA: Electronic Recording Method, Accounting
streams such as PCL5 and PostScript (Software)
ERMS: Email Response Management System
EPM: Enterprise Process Management
(IBM) EROM: Erasable Read Only Memory

EPO: Electronic Public Offering EROS: Earth Resources Observation System

ePO: EPolicy Orchestrator ERP: Enterprise Resource Planning

McAfee tool that delivers real-time information and application Integrates all data and processes of an organization into a unified
integration for network, desktop, and server security (Security) system. Although the initialism ERP originated in the
manufacturing environment, today's use of the term ERP systems
EPOS: Electronic Point Of Sale has much broader scope
Electronic cash registers and their software used in stores
EPP: Enhanced Parallel Port
ERU: Emergency Recovery Utility
EPR: EndPoint Reference
ES: Enterprise Suite
Combination of Web services elements that define the address for
a resource in a Simple Object Access Protocol (SOAP) header
(Software) ES: Extended Services Page 56 of 185


ES: Extra Segment ESMA: Extended Server Memory Architecture

CPU register (Hardware) (Intel) (Operating systems)
ESA: Enterprise Systems Architecture ESMD: Embedded Storage Module Disk
ESMD: Enhanced Storage Module Device
ESA: European Space Agency
ESME: External Short Message Entity
ESB: Enterprise Service Bus
ESMR: Enhanced Specialized Mobile Radio
ESC: Eisa System Component ESMTP: Extended Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
ESN: Electronic Security Number
ESC/P: Epson Standard Code for Printers
ESN: Electronic Serial Number
ESN: Electronic Switched Network
ESCD: Extended System Configuration Data
ESNET: Energy Sciences NETwork
ESCM: Extended Services Communications Manager
(IBM) ESO: Equipment Superior to Operator
(Net lingo)
ESCON: Enterprise System CONnection
Architecture (IBM) ESP: Emulation Sensing Processor

ESCSI: Embedded Small Computers System ESP: Encapsulated Security Payload

Interface (Network)
Bus architecture (Hardware) ESP: Enhanced Serial Port
ESD: Electronic Software Distribution (Hardware)

ESD: ElectroStatic Discharge ESP: Enhanced Service Provider

(Hardware) ESP: Enterprise System Platform
ESD: Emergency Startup Disk ESP: Estimated Street Price
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
ESP: Ethernet Serial Port
ESDI: Enhanced Small Device Interface
ESP: Eudora Sharing Protocol
ESDRAM: Enhanced Synchronous Dynamic Random
Access Memory ESP: Expert Searching and Pricing
(Hardware) ESPRIT: European Strategic Program of Research
ESDS: Entry Sequenced Data Set and development in Information Technology

ESE: Exchange Server Enterprise ESR: Event Service Routine

(Microsoft) ESRB: Entertaining Software Rating Board
ESE: Extensible Storage Engine (Organizations)
Stores all active directory objects (Operating systems) (Microsoft) ESRO: Efficient Short Remote Operation
ESF: Extended SuperFrame (Network)

ESI: Edge Side Include ESS: Electronic Switching System

(Software) ESS: Enterprise Storage Server
ESI: End System Identifier (IBM)

ESI: Enhanced Serial Interface ESS: Enterprise Survivable Server

Communication specification (Hayes) Allows customers to place backup ESS servers at key locations
throughout their enterprise. An ESS server is capable of taking
ESIS: End System to Intermediate System over for the entire enterprise or, just a portion of the enterprise in
the event that some type of outage has occurred
ES-IS: End System to Intermediate System
The International Organization for Standardization's Open ESS: Extended Service Set
Systems Interconnection (OSI) protocol by which end systems (Communication)
announce themselves to intermediate systems.
ESSID: Extended Service Set IDentifier
ESM: Enterprise Security Manager (Communication)
Scalable security policy compliance and host-based vulnerability
assessment tool (Software) (Symantec)
ESSL: Engineering and Scientific Subroutine Library
(Software) (IBM)
ESM: Enterprise System Management
EST: Eastern Standard Time
ESM: European Satellite Multimedia Timezone: GMT -5:00
ESM: External Storage Module ESTO: Equipment Superior To Operator
A Sun external unit that contains disk or tape drives and that can When a computer seems to have a mind of its own. For example,
be connected to a desktop SPARCstation system. (Hardware) when you watch it spam all 800 people in your contact list and
(Sun) you can't stop it (Net lingo) Page 57 of 185


ESTT: E-mail Server Test Tool EUI: End-User Interface

Ziff-Davis labs test suite for email servers
EULA: End User License Agreement
ESU: ElectroStatic Unit
EUNET: European Unix NETwork
ET: Enhancement Technology
Euro CASE: EUROpean Council of Applied Sciences
ETACS: Extended Total Access Communication and Engineering
System (Organizations)
EUUG: European Unix Users Group
ETANN: Electrically Trainable Analog Neural (Organizations)
EUV: Extreme Ultra Violet
Chip (Intel)
ETB: End of Transmission Block
(Hardware) E
EUVL: Extreme UltraViolet Lithography
ETC: Electronic Toll Collection (Hardware)
ETC: Enhanced Throughput Cellular EVA: Economic Value Added
Cellular modem protocol (AT&T)
Ev-DO: Evolution-Data Only (or Optimized)
etc: Essential Text Configuration Wireless radio broadband data standard adopted by many CDMA
In any unix (and variants like linux) system the /etc directory mobile phone service providers
(Operating systems)
EVE: Extensible Vax Editor
ETF: Enriched Text Format
EVGA: Extended Video Graphics Adapter
ETFTP: Enhanced Trivial File Transfer Protocol
EVGA: Extended Video Graphics Array
ETIS: European Telecommunications Information
EVLIW: Encapsulated Very Long Instruction Word
ETL: Extract, Transform and Load
EVM: Embedded Virtual Machine
EVR: Enhanced Video Renderer
ETLA: Extended Three Letter Acronym
ETML: Extract, Transform, Move, and Load
EVS: Economic Value Sourced
EW: Electronic Warfare
ETOM: Electron-Trapping Optical Memory
EWAN: Emulator Without A Name
ETPL: Endorsed Tempest Products List
EWN: Enterprise Wide Network
ETR: Early Token Release
A computer network that links all the computers in an
ETR: Etsi Technical Report organization (Network)

ETS: Econometric Time Series EWOS: European Workshop for Open Systems
The Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Implementors
ETS: Ethernet Terminal Servers
workshop for Europe.
EWS: Early Warning Status
ETS: European Telecommunications Standard System that alerts the host system if drive performance
ETSI: European Telecommunication Standards approaches unacceptable reliability levels (Hardware)
Institute EWS: Employee Written Software
(Organizations) (IBM)
ETTb: Ethernet To The Business EWS: Exchange Web Services
Telecommunications carrier service providing Ethernet to a (Microsoft)
business subscriber. See also ETTh and ETTx. (Communication)
ExCA: EXchangeable Card Architecture
ETTh: Ethernet To The Home
Telecommunications carrier service providing Ethernet to a home
subscriber. See also ETTb and ETTx. (Communication) EXE: Executable
File name extension
ETTx: Ethernet To The X
Telecommunications carrier service providing Ethernet to a EXE2BIN: EXEcutable To BINary
business subscriber (ETTb) or home subscriber (ETTh). See also
ETTb and ETTh. (Communication) EXIF: EXchangeable Image File format
Standard for storing interchange information in image files,
ETX: End of TeXt especially those using JPEG compression. Most digital cameras
(Communication) now use the EXIF format. See also
EU: Execution Unit EXP: EXPonent
EUC: End User Computing EXSLT: Extensions to eXtensible Stylesheet
Language Transformation
EUC: Extended Unix Code
An encoding scheme that allows up to four codesets to coexist in EXT: EXTernal
one data stream. EUC supports one primary character set and
three supplementary character sets. (Operating systems)
EXTRA: EXecutionTRace Analyzer Page 58 of 185


EXTRN: EXecution TRace Analyzer FAT32: File Allocation Table 32 bits

Every entry in the table is 32 bits wide (Operating systems)
EXUG: European X Users Group
E-ZINE: Electronic magaZINE
FATA: Fiber channel AT Attachment
FAX: FACSimile
f: femto Also a file name extension
Prefix for 10 power -15
FAZAM: Full Armor Zero AdMinistration
F/T: Full Time
FB: Fiber optic Backbone
F/V: Frequency to Voltage converter
FBA: Fair Buffer Allocation
F/W SCSI: Fast/Wide Small Computers System
FBA: Form Based Authentication
FA: Foreign Agent FBC: Find By Content
Node in a mobile IP network that enables roamed users to FBD: Fully Buffered Dimm
register on the foreign network. The FA will communicate with Memory technology which can be used to increase reliability,
the HA (Home Agent) to enable IP datagrams to be transferred speed and density of memory subsystems (Hardware)
between the home network and the roamed user on the foreign
network (Network) FBGA: Fine Ball-Grid Array
Integrated circuit (IC) packaging that uses half-spherical contacts
FAB: FABrication plant
versus pins (Hardware)
Usually referred to chip fabrication plants
FBRAM: Frame Buffer Random Access Memory
FAC: File Access Code
A special type of Dynamic RAM (DRAM) used in high-speed frame
FACE: Framed Access Command Environment buffers. Similar to Video RAM (VRAM), FBRAM is specifically
designed for use in high-speed frame buffers and graphics
FACS: Facility fir Access Control and Security accelerators. (Hardware)
FAIL: Fast Artificial Intelligence Language FC: Fiber Channel
FAMOS: Floating gate Avalanche Metal Oxide (Hardware)
Semiconductor FC: Frame Control
FC: Functional Component
FANS: Future Air Navigation System (Software)
FAP: File Access Protocol FC/AL: Fiber Channel/Arbitrated Loop
FAP: Format And Protocol FC/EL: Fiber Channel/Enhanced Loop
FAPI: Family Application Programming Interface FCA: Flow Control Acknowledge
FAQ: Frequently Asked Question FC-AL: Fiber Channel - Arbitrated Loop
FAR: Fixed Alternative Routing (Hardware)

FARE: Film Automatic Retouching and Enhancement FCB: File Control Block
Film scanner technology (Hardware) (Canon) FCBS: File Control BlockS
FARNET: Federation of American Research FCC: Federal Communications Commission
NETworks (Organizations)
FCC: File Carbon Copy
FASIC: Function and Algorithm-Specific Integrated
Circuit FCCSET: Federal Coordinating Council for Science,
Engineering and Technology
FASMI: False Analysis of Shared Multidimensional
Information FC-EL: Fiber Channel - Enhanced Loop
FAST: File And Settings Transfer
The FAST wizard helps you transfer files in windows XP
FCFS: First Come, First Served
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) Process or thread scheduling (Operating systems)

FAST: First Application System Test FCHBA: Fibre Channel Host Bus Adapter
Host bus adapter over optical fibers (Hardware)
FAT: File Allocation Table
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) FCI: Fibre Channel Interface
FAT12: File Allocation Table 12 bits FCI: Flow Control Indicator
Every entry in the table is 12 bits wide (Operating systems) FCI: Flux Changes per Inch
FCIF: Flexible Computer Interface Form
FAT16: File Allocation Table 16 bits
Every entry in the table is 16 bits wide (Operating systems)
(Microsoft) Page 59 of 185


FCIF: Full Common Intermediate Format FDF: Forms Data Format

Video Teleconferencing standard (Adobe)
FCIP: Fibre Channel over Internet Protocol FDFS: File Descriptor File System
FCIP mechanisms enable the transmission of Fibre Channel (FC) A pseudo file system that provides explicit names for opening
information by tunneling data between storage area network files using file descriptors. (Operating systems)
(SAN) facilities over IP networks; this capacity facilitates data
sharing over a geographically distributed enterprise (Network) FDI: Feeder Distribution Interface
Similar to a DSLAM Cross-Connect box (Communication)
FCL: Fibre Channel Loop
FDII: Feeder Distribution Interface Interconnect
FCL: Framework Class Library (Communication)
A collection of classes which are part of Microsoft's .NET
platform. (Software) (Microsoft) FDL: File Definition Language
FCO: First Class Object FDM: Frequency-Division Multiplexing
(Software) FDMA: Frequency-Division Multiple Access
FCO: Flow Control Operator bits
FDOCA: Formatted Data Object Content Architecture
FCoE: Fibre Channel Over Ethernet (IBM)
Mapping of Fibre Channel frames over full duplex IEEE 802.3 FDPT: Fixed Disk Parameter Table
networks. This allows Fibre Channel to leverage 10 Gigabit
Ethernet networks while preserving the Fibre Channel protocol (Hardware)
(Network) FDSL: Fractional Digital Subscriber Line
FCP: Fibre Channel Protocol (Communication)

FC-PGA: Flip Chip-Pin Grid Array FDSL: Free Digital Subscriber Line
IC pins organization (Hardware) (Communication)

FCPH: Fibre Channel PHysical and signaling FDTE: Female Data Terminal Equipment
interface RS-232 adapter (Hardware)

FCR: FIFO Control Register FDx: Full DupleX

FCRAM: Fast-Cycle Random Access Memory
(Hardware) FE: Family Edition
FCS: Fiber Channel Standard
FE: Functional Entity
FCS: First Customer Ship
FEA: Finite Element Analysis
FCS: Frame Check Sequence
Engineering stress analysis with a computer (Software)
The standard 16-bit cyclic redundancy check used for HDLC and
frame relay frames. The FCS detects bit errors occurring in the FEA: Functional Entity Action
bits of the frame between the opening flag and the FCS
(Communication) FEAR: False Emotions Appearing Real
(Net lingo)
FD: Flat Display
(Hardware) (Sony) FEBE: Far End Block Error

FD: Floppy Disk FEC: Fast EtherChannel

(Hardware) (Cisco)
FD: Full Duplex
FEC: Fetch Execute Cycle
FDBMS: Federated Database Management System
(Databases) FEC: Forward Error Correction
Sending redundant data so that if data loss occurs, data recovery
FDC: Floppy Disk Controller is possible without retransmission (Communication)
FECN: Forward Explicit Congestion Notification
FDCN: Financial Data Cast Network A bit sent by a frame relay network to notify an interface device
FDCT: Forward Discrete Cosine Transform (DTE) that congestion avoidance procedures should be initiated
by the receiving device (Communication)
FED: Field Emitting Display
FDD: Floppy Disk Drive
FEFO: First-Ended, First-Out
FDDI: Fiber Digital Device Interface
(Hardware) FEK: File Encryption Key
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface
An emerging high-speed networking standard. The underlying FEM: Finite Elements Method
medium is fiber optics, and the topology is a dual-attached,
FEP: Front End Processor
counter-rotating token ring (Hardware)
FDDITPPMD: Fiber Distributed Data Interface FEPI: Front End Programming Interface
Twisted Pair-Physical layer, Medium Dependent FEPROM: Flash Erasable Programmable Read Only
FDE: Full Duplex Ethernet Memory
(Hardware) Page 60 of 185


FER: Forward Error Correction FICON: FIber CONnection

FeRAM: FErroelectric Random Access Memory
(Hardware) FID: Filtering IDentifier
FERC: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
(Organizations) FIF: Fractal Image Format
FESDK: Far East Software Development Kit FIFO: First In First Out
(Microsoft) (Hardware)

FET: Field-Effect Transistor FIFOFS: First In First Out File System

A type of transistor in which the flow of current between the Named pipe files that give processes common access to data.
source and the drain is modulated by application of a transverse (Operating systems)
electric field between two gate electrodes. (Hardware)
FILO: First In Last Out
FF: Flip-Flop
FIN: Functional Identification Number
(Hardware) F
FIOC: Frame Input/Output Controller
FF: ForFait
Used in online gaming (Games) FIP: Facility Interface Processor
FF: Form Feed FIP: File Processor Buffering
A printer command that tells a printer to move to the top of the
FIPA: Foundation for Intelligent Physical Agents
next page. In the ASCII character set, the form-feed character
has the decimal value 12. Also known as the page eject character. (Organizations)

FF: Friendly Fire FIPS: Federal Information Processing Standard

Used in online First Person Shooter (FPS) games (Games) The FIPS PUB is the National Bureau of Standards’ guide to the
standards it issues.
FFA: Free For All
FIR: Fast InfraRed
FFDC: First Failure Data Capture
FIR: Finite Impulse Response
FIRST: ForschungsInstitut fër Rechnerarchitektur
FFI: Foreign Function Interface
und SoftwareTechnik
A facility make calls from one computer language to another
(Software) FIRST: Forum of Incident Response and Security
FFIF: File Format for Internet Fax
FIS: Frontline Information System
FFJ: Forte For Java
Java integrated development environment (IDE) (Software) (Sun) FIST: ForschungsInstitut für Rechnerarchitektur
und SoftwareTechnik
FFOL: Fddi Follow-On-LAN
FITS: Flexible Image Transport System
FFS: Fast FileSystem
FIU: Fingerprint Identification Unit
FFS: Fast Filing System
FFS: For F***'s Sake
FIX: Federal Internet eXchange
(Net lingo)
FK: Foreign Key
FFST: First Failure Support Technology
FK: Forward Kinematics
FFT: Fast Fourier Transform
Used in 3D Animation (Autodesk)
FFT: Final Form Text
FL: Fiberoptic Link
FLA: Five Letters Acronym
FG: Floating Gate
FLA: Four Letters Acronym
FGREP: Fixed Global Regular Expression Print
FLAC: FLorida Automatic Computer
FH: Frequency Hopping
Early 1950's digital computer used at Cape Canaveral
FLACC: Full Level Algol Checkout Compiler
FHS: Fan Heat-Sink
FLAG: Fiber-optic Link Around the Globe
FHS: File Hierarchy Standard
(Operating systems)
FLC: Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal
FHSS: Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum
(Communication) FLD: FieLD
FIA: File Integrity Assessment FLEA: Four Letter Extended Acronym
FIB: Forwarding Information Base FLGA: Fine Land Grid Array
Function to find the proper interface to which the input interface Integrated circuit (IC) packaging that uses small flat contacts
should send a packet to be transmitted by the router (Network) versus pins (Hardware) Page 61 of 185


FLL: Foxpro Link Library FOCUS: FOrum of Control data USers

FOD: Fax On Demand
FLOPS: FLoating-point Operations Per Second
FOD: Flexible Optical Disk
A measure of the speed at which a computer can operate.
(Hardware) FOG: First Osborne Group
FLTK: Fast Light Toolkit FOIP: Fax Over Internet Protocol
Pronounced "fulltick", is a cross-platform C++ GUI toolkit for
FOIRL: Fiber Optic Inter Repeater Link
UNIX/Linux (X11), Microsoft Windows® and MacOS X. FLTK
provides modern GUI functionality without the bloat and supports FOLDOC: Free On-Line Dictionary Of Computing
3D graphics via OpenGL and its built-in GLUT emulation
(Software) FOLED: Flexible Organic Light Emitting Diode
FM: Fault Management
A series of information flows at the physical and ATM layer FOMAU: Fiber Optic Media Access Unit
designed to identify the location and cause of a fault within the
network (Communication)
FON: Fiber Optics Network F
FM: Frequency Modulation
File name extension
FMA: Fused Multiply-Add
FOOBAR: Ftp Operation Over Big Address Records
CPU instruction type
FMD: Fluorescent Multilayer Disk FOOT: Forum for Object Oriented Technology
(Hardware) FOP: Formatting Objects Processor
Output-independent print formatter driven by XSL formatting
FMD-ROM: Fluorescent Multilayer Disk - Read Only
objects. It is a Java application that reads a formatting object
Memory tree and then renders the resulting pages to a specified output.
(Hardware) See (Software)
FMH: Function Management Header FOR: FORtran
FMRI: Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging File name extension

FMS: File Management System FORTRAN: FORmula TRANsactor

Programming language
FMS: Flash Media Server
(Software) (Adobe) FOSE: Federal Office Systems Exposition

FMT: ForMaT FOSI: Format Option Specification Instance

FMV: Full Motion Video FOSSIL: Fido/Opus/Seadog Standard Interface

FN: FunctioN
FOT: Fiber Optic Transceiver
FNC: Federal Networking Council
The body responsible for coordinating networking needs among FOX: Field Operational X.500
U.S. federal agencies. (Organizations) FP: Floating Point
FNC: Frogans Network Certificate FP: Foundation Profile
See (Software) (Software)
FNI: File Not Identified FP: Frame Pointer
Used primarily for software scanning applications (asset Processor register (Hardware)
management) (Software)
FPA: Floating Point Accelerator
FNS: Frogans Network System
A device (board or integrated circuit - IC) that speeds up floating-
See (Software) point calculations. (Hardware)
FNSL: Frogans Network System Language FPA: Function Point Analysis
See (Software) A method used to determine the complexity of a program
FNT: FoNT (Software)
File name extension FPC: Floating Point Calculation
FO: F*** Off FPC: Floating Point Coprocessor
(Net lingo)
FPCE: Floating-Point C Extension
FO: Fiber Optic Specification
FO: Formatting Object FPD: Flat Panel Display
FOA: Formatted Object Authoring (Hardware)
Java application that gives users a graphical interface to author FPD: Full Page Display
XSL-FO stylesheets. With FOA you can generate pages and page (Hardware)
sequences, and fill them with content provided from one or more
XML files (Software) FPDU: Ftam Protocol Data Unit
FOAD: F*** Off And Die FPE: Floating Point Engine
(Net lingo)
FOC: Fiber Optic Cable Page 62 of 185


FPGA: Field Programmable Gate Array FRAP: Frame Relay Access Probe
An integrated circuit containing an array of logic circuits in which (Network)
the connections between the individual circuits can be
programmed after manufacture, typically at the time of FRC: Frame Rate Control
installation (in the field). (Hardware) (Hardware)

FPI: Floating-Point Interface FRC: Functional Redundancy Checking

FPI: Formal Public Identifier FRED: Fair Random Early Detection
A variation of Random Early Detection (RED) (Network)
FPIM: Fax Profile for Internet Messaging
Defines how fax messages can be encoded as SMTP/MIME FRED: FRame EDitor
messages (Communication)
FRED: FRont-End to Dish
FPLA: Field Programmable Logic Array
FRF: Floating point Register File
An array of logic elements. Its interconnections are
programmable after manufacture (Hardware) FRF: Frame Relay Forum
FPLMTS: Future Public Land Mobile An association of corporate members consisting of vendors, F
carriers, users and consultants committed to the implementation
Telecommunications System
of Frame Relay in accordance with national and international
FPLS: Field Programmable Logic Sequencer standards (Organizations)
(Hardware) FRICC: Federal Research Internet Coordinating
FPM: Fast Packet Multiplexing Committee
A multiplexing technique that sends data packets over the Now replaced by the Federal Networking Council (FNC).
network and requires error detection/correction only at the (Organizations)
destination node (Communication) FRL: Frame Representation Language
FPM: Fast Page Mode FRM: Forward Resource Management
FRPI: Flux Reversals Per Inch
FPMPMI: Flat Panel Monitor Physical Mounting
Interface FRR: Functional Recovery Routine
(Hardware) FRS: Family Radio Service
FPNW: File and Print services for NetWare Wireless communication and networking service (Communication)
(Operating systems) FRS: File Record Segment
FPO: Frame Pointer Omission FRS: File Replication Service
Technique that gives a debugger enough information to find the (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
next function information on the stack without using frame
pointers (Software) FRS: Flexible Route Selection
FPP: Fixed Path Protocol FRSM: Frame Relay Service Module
(Network) (Cisco)
FPP: Floating Point Processor
FRU: Field-Replaceable Unit
FPR: Floating-Point Register
An assembly replaced in its entirety when any one of its
FPS: Fast Packet Switching components fails. (Hardware)

FPS: Favorite Picture Selection FRUNI: Frame Relay User Network Interface
FPS: First Person Shooter
Game genre (Games) FS: File Separator
fps: Frames Per Second FS: File System
Motion images reproduction speed FS: Frame Status
FPSE: FrontPage Server Extensions FS: Free Software
(Software) (Microsoft)
FPT: Forced Perfect Termination FSA: Fluidic Self-Assembly
FPU: Floating-Point Unit LCD manufacturing technology (Hardware)
(Hardware) FSAA: Full-Scene Anti-Aliasing
FPX: FlashPiX (Hardware)
Filename extension (Kodak) FSAG: Free Software Association of Germany
FQDN: Fully Qualified Domain Name FSAM: Federated Storage Area Management
(Network) A naturally scalable environment of pooled, federated (i.e.,
FRAD: Frame Relay Access Device available when needed), modular, multivendor storage resources
FRAD: Frame Relay Assembler/Disassembler
FSB: Front Side Bus
FRAG: FRAGment The bus within a microprocessor that connects the CPU with main
FRAM: Ferroelectric Random-Access Memory memory (Hardware)
FSCK: File System Consistency checK Page 63 of 185


FSD: File System Driver FTL: For The Loss

(Operating systems) (Net lingo)
FSDL: Frogans Slide Description Language FTM: Flat Tension Mask
See (Software)
FTOS: File Transfer Osi Support
FSE: Full Screen Editor
FTP: File Transfer Protocol
FSF: Free Software Foundation The Internet protocol (and program) used to transfer files
(Organizations) between hosts. (Network)

FSIOP: File System Input/Output Processor FTP: Foiled Twisted Pair

(Hardware) FTPD: File Transfer Protocol Daemon
FSK: Frequency-Shift Keying FTR: Full Text Retrieval
FTS: Federal Telecommunication System
FSL: Function Selection via the Line
Created by I-Data to support special printing needs
FTS: Fidonet Technical Standard F
FSM: Finite-State Machine FTS: Full Text Search

FSMO: Flexible Single Master Operation FTSC: Fidonet Technical Standard Conference
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) FTTB: Fiber To The Basement
FSN: Full Service Network FTTC: Fiber To The Curb
FSP: Fax Service Provider FTTH: Fiber To The Home
FSP: File Service Protocol
FSP: Full Service Provider FTTN: Fiber To The Neighborghood

FSQ: Flow Service Quality FTTP: Fiber To The Premise

FSR: Free System Resources
FTW: For The Win
FSR: Full Scale Range (Net lingo)
FSS: Fast System Switch FTX: Fault Tolerant uniX
FSS: Field Support Service FUBAB: F***ed Up Beyond All Belief
A group of technical engineers providing short-term assistance (Net lingo)
and product knowledge to customers that are deploying,
developing, and maintaining Lotus environments (Lotus) FUBAR: F***ed Up Beyond All Recognition
(Net lingo)
FST: Finite State Technology
(Software) FUD: Fear, Uncertainty, Doubt
FST: Flat Square Tube FUEL: Fatwire UpdateEngine Library
(Hardware) (Software)

FST: French Summer Time FUI: File Update Information

Timezone: GMT +1:00
FUUG: Finnish Unix User Group
FSTN: Film-compensated SuperTwisted Nematic (Organizations)
LCD display technology (Hardware) FVT: Full Video Translation
FT: Fault Tolerant FW: FirmWare
FT: Field Test FWH: Firmware Hub
FTA: Floptical Technology Association (Hardware) (Intel)

FTAM: File Transfer Access and Management FWIW: For What It's Worth
The International Organization for Standardization's Open (Net lingo)
Systems Interconnection (OSI) remote file service and protocol.
(Network) FWSM: FireWall Services Module
High-speed, integrated firewall module for Cisco switches routers
FTAM: File Transfer and Access Method (Security) (Cisco)
FTC: Federal Trade Commission FWT: French Winter Time
(Organizations) Timezone: GMT +1:00
FTE: Fault-Tolerant Ethernet FWTK: FireWall ToolKit
(Network) (Security)
FTFM: F*** The F***ing Manual FX: eFfeCTS
(Net lingo) Multimedia - audio/video editing and processing
FTL: Flash Transition Layer FXO: Foreign eXchange Office
(Intel) An FXO interface connects to the Public Switched Telephone
Network's (PSTN) central office and is the interface offered on a
standard telephone (Hardware) Page 64 of 185


FXP: File eXchange Protocol Gb: GigaBit

FXS: Foreign eXchange Station GB: GigaByte
An FXS interface connects directly to a standard telephone and 1024 megabytes
supplies ring, voltage, and dial tone (Hardware)
GBDE: Geom Based Disk Encryption
FXU: FiXed point Unit Strong cryptographic facility for denying unauthorised access to
data stored on a "cold" disk for decades and longer. GBDE
FY: Financial Year
operates on the disk(-partition) level allowing any type of file
FY: Fiscal Year system or database to be protected (Operating systems)

FYI: For Your Information GBIC: GigaBit Interface Converter

(Net lingo) A transceiver that converts between electrical and optical signals
for high-speed networking (Hardware)

G GBP: Group Buffer Pool

G: Giga
Gbps: Giga Bits Per Second
Prefix for 10 power 9 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 30)
Transfer Speed (Communication)
G.SHDSL: Giga Single-pair High bit rate Digital
Subscriber Line GBps: Giga Bytes Per Second
(Communication) Transfer Speed (Communication)

G/L: General Ledger GC: Global Catalog

Active directory's caching system (Operating systems)
G2G: Got To Go
(Net lingo) GC: Graphics Context
The storage of various information for graphics output, such as
G2H: Gilat-To-Home foreground pixel, background pixel, line width, clipping region,
Two-way broadband satellite access and so on. (Operating systems)
G4U: Good For yoU GCA: General Communications Architecture
(Net lingo)
GCC: Gnu C Compiler
GA: General Availability (Software)
Typicaly used when software is release to a public audience
(Software) GCCD: Glass-passivated Ceramic Chip Diode

GAAP: Generally Accepted Accounting Principles GCL: Graphics Command Language

GAC: Global Assembly Cache GCOS: General Comprehensive Operating System

Microsoft .NET assembly cache (Software) (Microsoft) GCR: Group Coded Recording
GAIA: Gui Application Interoperability Architecture (Hardware)

GAIN: German Advanced Integrated Network GCRA: Generic Cell Rate Algorithm

GAL: Generic Array Logic GCS: Group Control System

(Hardware) GD: God Damn
GAL: Global Address List (Net lingo)

GALPAT: GALlopping PATtern GDA: Global Data Area

Memory test technique GDA: Global Directory Agent
GALSA: Governed Architectures of Large Systems GDA: Gnome Data Access
of Agents
GDAP: Government Document Application Profile
GAM: Global Allocation Map
GDB: Gnu DeBugger
GAN: GALloping PATtern
GDBM: Gnu DataBase Manager
GAN: Global Area Network
GDD: Gesellschaft für Datenschutz und
GAP: Generic Access Profile
GDDM: Graphical Data Display Manager
GAPI: Gateway Application Programming Interface (Software)
GARO: Graphics Art language with Raster GDDR: Graphics Double Data Rate
Operations A type of DDR SDRAM memory designed to keep up with the
Printer language (Canon) heavy demands of graphics processing. While consuming less
power compared to standard DDR memory, the clock speed and
GARP: Generic Attribute Registration Protocol bandwidth are adjusted to further excel in graphics tasks
(Communication) (Hardware)
GART: Graphic Address Remapping Table GDG: Generation Data Group
(Hardware) (IBM)
GATT: Graphics Address Translation Table Page 65 of 185


GDI: Graphics Device Interface GFU: Good For yoU

(Operating systems) (Microsoft) (Net lingo)
GDLC: Generic Data Link Control GFY: Go Fuck Yourself
(IBM) (Net lingo)

GDMO: Guidelines for the Definition of Managed GFY: Good For You
Objects (Net lingo)
GDOS: Graphics Device Operating System GG: Good Game
GDP: Graphic Draw Primitive Said during online play (Games)

GDS: General Data Stream GGP: Gateway to Gateway Protocol

GDS: Global Directory Service GGP: Gotta Go Pee

(Net lingo)
GDS: Global Document Storage
GGSN: Gateway Gprs Support Node
Gateway between the GPRS network and public data networks
GDT: Geometric Dimensioning and Tolerancing such as IP and X.25. GGSNs also connect to other GPRS networks
GDT: Global Descriptor Table
to facilitate GPRS roaming (Communication) G
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) GH: Getting Hard
(Net lingo)
GDT: Graphics Development Toolkit
GHOST: General Hardware-Oriented System
GE: Greater than or Equal
Cloning software (Software) (Symantec)
GEAR: Gigabyte Enhanced Agp Riser
GHTSTN: Guest Host Technique SuperTwisted
Used to provide AGP support for PCI-E motherboards (Hardware)
GECOS: General Electric Comprehensive Operating GHz: GigaHertZ
GI: Gesellschaft für Informatik
GEF: Graphical Editor Framework
Allows developers to take an existing application model and GIAC: Global Information Assurance Certification
easily create a rich graphical editor (Software) Certification programs designed to serve the people who are or
will be responsible for managing and protecting important
GEIS: General Electric Information Service information systems and networks. See also
GEM: Global Enterprise Manager GiB: GibIByte
GEM: Grain Equalization and Management Unit of measurement, introduced by the International
Film scanner technology Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024 MiB

GEM: Graphics Environment Manager GID: Group IDentifier

(Software) (Digital Research) The number used by the system to control access to accounts
owned by other users. (Operating systems)
GENIE: General Electric Network for Information
GIF: Graphical Interchange Format
File format for bitmapped images (CompuServe)
GEO: Geosynchronous Earth Orbit
GIGO: Garbage In, Garbage Out
GEOS: Graphic Environment Operating System
GII: Global Information Infrastructure
GET: Get Execute Trigger
GILS: Government Information Locator Service
GFAK: Go Fly A Kite
GIMP: Gnu Image Manipulation Program
(Net lingo)
Freely distributed piece of software suitable for such tasks as
GFC: Generic Flow Control photo retouching, image composition and image authoring. See
(Communication) (Software)

GFDL: Gnu Free Documentation License GIMPS: Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search
(GNU) GINA: Graphical Identification aNd Authentication
GFI: General Format Identifier GIOP: General Inter-Orb Protocol
GFI: Ground-Fault Interceptor Gips: Giga Instructions Per Second
GFLOPS: Giga FLoating point Operations per Second GIS: Geographic Information System
Processing speed A graphic application using a database of specialized information,
GFP: Global Functional Plane such as geographical and demographic data. (Software)

GFS: Grandfather, Father, Son GIS: Global Information Solutions

Backup methodology (AT&T)

GFSK: Gaussian Frequency-Shift Keying GIX: Global Internet eXchange

GFTD: Gone For The Day GJ: Good Job

(Net lingo) (Net lingo) Page 66 of 185


GKMP: Group Key Management Protocol GOD: Global OutDial

GOLP: Government Open License Program
GKS: Graphical Kernel System The Microsoft Government Open License Program is designed to
An international standard 2-D graphics library consisting of a set provide a simple volume-licensing solution and is a cost-effective
of defined graphic primitives and a tool set for application way for qualified government entities needing as few as five
developers. licenses to purchase software (Software) (Microsoft)

GL: Graphics Language GOSIP: Government Open Systems Interconnection

(Software) Profile

GLA: Good Luck All GP: Gas Plasma

Used in online gaming (Games) GP: General Purpose
GLIS: Global Land Information System GP: Gold Plated
GLM: General Linear Models (Hardware)

GLOBE: Global Learning by Observations to Benefit GPC: General-Purpose Computation

the Environment GPC: Graphics Performance Characterization
GLTY: Good Luck To You GPCI: Graphics Processor Command Interface G
(Net lingo)
GPE: Graphics Picture Enhancement
GLUT: openGL Utility Toolkit (Hardware) (Sony)
Is a window system independent toolkit for writing OpenGL
programs. It implements a simple windowing application GPF: General Protection Fault
programming interface (API) for OpenGL (Software) Common error in 16-bits Windows (Software) (Microsoft)

GLY: GLossarY GPFS: General Parallel File System

File name extension (Microsoft) (Operating systems) (IBM)

GM: General Midi GPI: Graphics Programming Interface

GMCH: Graphics and Memory Controller Hub
(Hardware) (Intel) GPIB: General Purpose Interface Bus
Bus architecture (Hardware)
GMDI: Gigabit Media-Dependent Interface
GPIO: General Purpose Input Output
GMI: Generic Management Information
GPL: General Public License
GMII: Gigabit Media Independent Interface
GPL: Graphics Programming Language
GML: Generalized Markup Language
GPM: Group Policy Manager
GMP: Global Mobile Professional
(Operating systems)
GMR: Giant Magneto-Resistive
GPO: Group Policy Object
Hard disk head technology (Hardware)
(Operating systems)
GMRAE: Geometric Mean Relative Absolute Error
GPP: Generic Packetized Protocol
GMRP: Garp Multicast Registration Protocol
GPR: General Purpose Register
It allows a device to declare membership of a Layer 2 multicast
group (Hardware)

GMS: Global Management System GPRC: Glass Passivated Rectifier Chip

GMS: Global Messaging Service GPRS: General Packet Radio Service

(Novell) (Communication)

GMT: Greenwich Mean Time GPS: Global Positioning System

Also called UTC GPS: Global Product Specification
GMTA: Great Minds Think Alike GPSI: Graphics Processor Software Interface
(Net lingo)
GPSS: General Purpose Simulation System
GNA: Global Network Academy
GPT: Guid Partition Table
GND: GrouND (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
GPU: Graphics Processing Unit
GNN: Global Network Navigator (Hardware)
GPV: General Public Virus
GNOME: Gnu Network Object Model Environment
GQL: Graphical Query Language
GNU: Gnu's Not Unix
GQoS: Generic Quality of Service
GOAD: Gnome Object Activation Directory (Network)
GOCA: Graphic Object Content Architecture GRADD: GRaphics Adapter Device Driver
(IBM) Page 67 of 185


GRAM: Global Resource Allocation Manager GSTN: General Switched Telephone Network
GRASP: General Responsibility Assignment GSTS: Ground-based Surveillance and Tracking
Software Patterns System
GT: Greater Than
GRDDL: Gleaning Resource Descriptions from (Software)
Dialects of Languages
GTD: Getting Things Done
Specification that introduces markup for declaring that an XML
Software systems that implement David Allen's "Getting Things
document includes gleanable data and for linking to an algorithm,
Done" methodology (Software)
typically represented in XSLT, for gleaning the resource
descriptions from the document GTDM: Group Time Division Multiplexing
GRE: Generic Routing Encapsulation GTE: General Telephone Electronics
Protocol for encapsulation of an arbitrary network layer protocol
over another arbitrary network layer protocol (Network) GTF: Generalized Timing Format

GRE: GRaphics Engine GTFO: Get The F**k Out

To ask someone to leave now (Net lingo)
GREP: Global Regular Expression Print
GRIC: Global Reach Internet Connection
GTG: Got To Go G
(Net lingo)
GTK: Gimp ToolKit
GRINS: GRaphical INterface to Smil
Set of libraries to create graphical user interfaces. It has a C-
gRMS: G Root Mean Square based object-oriented architecture that allows for maximum
flexibility (Software) (GNU)
Measurement unit used to quantify a vibration; "g" is the
gravitational acceleration constant (Hardware) GTL: Gunning Transceiver Logic
GRP: Group gTLD: Generic Top Level Domain
File name extension (Network)
GRS: General Retention Schedule GTM: Gnome Transfer Manager
Length of time archived data is to be kept in an archive database
GTO: Guide To Operations
GRUB: GRand Unified Bootloader (IBM)
(Operating systems)
GTP: Geometry Theorem Prover
GS: General Synthesis
GTS: Generic Traffic Shaping
(Hardware) (Roland)
GS: Group Separator
GUI: Graphical User Interface
GSDS: Genealogy Software Distribution System The pictorial point of interaction between you and the computer
and its special applications, usually with a mouse or other
GSE: Giac Security Expert
selection device. (Operating systems)
GSI: General Server Interface
GUID: Globally Unique IDentifier
GSI: Grid Security Infrastructure
GUIDE: Graphical User Interface Design Editor
GSM: Global Shared Memory
GUUG: German Unix User Group
GSM: Global System for Mobile communications
GVPN: Global Virtual Private Network
GSMP: General Switch Management Protocol
GVT: Global Virtual Time
GVU: Graphic, Visualization, and Usability
GSNW: Gateway Service for NetWare
(Microsoft) GWAPI: Go Webserver Application Programming
GSP: Generic Server Passer
(Software) (Lotus)
GSP: Global Service Provider
GWART: GateWay Address Routing Table
GSR: Gigabit Switch Router GW-BASIC: Gee Whiz Beginners All-purpose
(Hardware) Symbolic Instruction Code
GSS: Generic Security Service GWE: Global Write Enabled
GSSAP: Generic Security Service Application (Hardware)
GWES: Graphics, Windowing and Events Subsystem
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
GSSAPI: Generic Security Services Application GWIA: GroupWare Internet Agent
Programming Interface
GSSM: General Service Subscription Management
For managing value added services in mobile/cellular networks
(Communication) Page 68 of 185


GWT: Google Web Toolkit HBI: Horizontal Blanking Interval

Open source Java software development framework that makes (Hardware)
writing AJAX applications like Google Maps and Gmail easy for
developers who don't speak browser quirks as a second language HCA: Hich-Contrast Addressing
(Software) (Hardware) (Sharp)

HCG: High-Contrast Addressing

HCI: Host Controller Interface
H: Header BlueTooth technology (Communication)
File name extension
HCL: Hardware Compatibility List
H&J: Hyphenation And Justification
HCL: Host Control Links
HCR: Huffman Codeword Reordering
H/PC: Hand-held Personal Computer
MPEG-4 Audio Error Resilience (ER) technique that avoids error
(Hardware) propagation within spectral data
H/V: Horizontal/Vertical HCSDS: High-Capacity Satellite Digital Service
H/W: HardWare HCSS: High Capacity Storage System G
HA: Header Authentication HCTDS: High-Capacity Terrestrial Digital Service
HA: High Availability HCU: Home Computer User H
HA: Home Agent HD: Hard Disk
Component for mobile IP applications that run on home or private (Hardware)
networks (Network)
HD: High Definition
HACMP: High Availability Cluster Multi-Processing
(IBM) HD: High Density
HACN: Home Agent Control Node HDA: Head Disk Assembly
(Network) HDB3: High-Density Bipolar 3
HAD: Holographic Autostereoscopic Display (Communication)
Simple conversion of LCD technology, replacing the LCD's HDC: Hard Disk Controller
backlight with an HOE (holographic optical element) (Hardware)
HDC: High Dependability Computing
HAGEO: High Availability GEOgraphic cluster
(Software) (IBM) HD-CD: High Definition Compact Disk
HAI: Hardware Accelerator Interface HDCP: High-Definition Content Protection
(Hardware) Specification developed by the Intel Corporation to control digital
audio and video content as it travels across Digital Visual
HAL: Hard Array Logic Interface (DVI) or High Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI)
HAL: Hardware Abstraction Layer
HDD: Hard Disk Drive
HAL: Heuristically Programmed Algorithmic
HDDL: High-level Dialogue Definition Language
HAL: Home Automated Living
(Software) (Philips)
HAL: House-programmed Array Logic
HD-DVD: High Definition Digital Video (or Versatile)
HALO: High Altitude Long Operation Disk
Communication aircraft (Communication) (Hardware)
HAND: Have A Nice Day HDF: Hierarchical Data Format
(Net lingo)
HDH: Hdlc Distant Host
HAP: Host Access Protocol
HDI: Head to Disk Interference
HAS: Home Automation System
HDI: Hoops Device Interface
HASP: Houston Automatic Spooling Priority
HDL: Hardware Description Language
HAT: Hashed Address Table
HDLC: High-level Data-Link Control
HAT: Heap Analysis Tool A generic link-level communications protocol developed by the
Tool for tracking down heap problems in Java programs International Standards Organization. HDLC manages
(Software) (Sun) synchronous, code-transparent, serial information transfer over a
link connection (Communication)
HAWK: Hostile Activity Watch Kernel
HDLP: High-Level Data Link Protocol
HBA: Host Bus Adapter
A controller board connecting the I/O expansion bus to the SCSI HDM: Hardware Device Module
subsystem. (Hardware) (Hardware)

HBCI: Home Banking Computer Interface HDMI: High-Definition Multimedia Interface

See (Hardware) Page 69 of 185


HDML: Handheld Device Markup Language HFT: High Function Terminal

HDMOS: High Density Metal Oxide Semiconductor
HFT: Host Function Table
HDP: Hard Disk Password
HGA: Hercules Graphics Adapter
HGC: Hercules Graphics Card
HDR: High Data Rate
HDR: High Dynamic Range HGCP: Hercules Graphics Card Plus
HGML: Hyper Graphics Markup Language
HDR: Host Data Replicator
(Databases) HHT: Hand-Held Terminal
Hand-held programming terminal to communicate with a
HD-ROM: High Density Read Only Memory
programmable logic controller (PLC) on the fly (Hardware)
HIC: Hybrid Integrated Circuit
HDSC: High Density Signal Carrier
(DEC) HID: High-Intensity Discharge
Light bulb technology used mainly in projectors (Hardware)
HDSL: High bit rate Digital Subscriber Line
(Communication) HID: Human Interface Device
HDSM: Heterogeneous Distributed Shared Memory
(Hardware) HIDS: Host-based Intrusion Detection System
HDSS: Holographic Data Storage System
HIF: Hyper-g Interchange Format
HDT: Hawaii Daylight Time
File name extension
Timezone: GMT -10:00
HiFD: HIgh-capacity Floppy Disk
HDT: Host Digital Terminal
(Hardware) (Sony)
HDTP: Handheld Device Transport Protocol
HIFI: Hypertext Interface For Information
HIL: Human Interface Link
HDTS: High Density Thumb Screw
SCSI connector with manually screwable screws (Hardware) (HP)
HDTV: High-Definition TeleVision
(Hardware) HIP: Hardware Instrumentation Package
HDVD: High Definition Volumetric Display
HIPERLAN: HIgh-PErformance Radio Local Area
HDW: HarDWare Network
HDx: Half DupleX (Network)
HIPPI: HIgh Performance Parallel Interface
HE-AAC: High Efficiency Advanced Audio Coding (Hardware)
Lossy data compression scheme for streaming audio. It combines
HIRD: Hurd of Interfaces Representing Depth
three techniques: Advanced Audio Coding (AAC), Spectral Band
Replication (SBR), and Parametric Stereo (PS) (Operating systems) (GNU)

HEC: Header Error Check HITS: Hypertext-Induced Topic Search

(Communication) HJB: HotJava Browser
HEL: Hardware Emulation Layer (Sun)

HEP: Horizontal Enterprise Portal HKCC: HKey_Current_Config

Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
HEPNET: High Energy Physics NETwork
HKCR: HKey_Classes_Root
HES: Home Entertainment System Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
HKCU: HKey_Current_User
HEX: HEXadecimal Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
HF: High Frequency HKDD: HKey_Dyn_Data
HF: Human Factors Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

HFC: Hybrid Fiber-Coaxial HKLM: HKey_Local_Machine

(Hardware) Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

HFEP: Host - Front End Protocol HKU: HKey_Users

(Network) Windows NT Registry key (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

HFS: Hierarchical File System HLB: Horny Little Bastard

(Operating systems) (Apple) (Net lingo) Page 70 of 185


HLCO: High Low Close Open HOE: Holographic Optical Element

HLD: Height, Length, Depth
HOL: High Order Language
HLHSR: Hidden-Line, Hidden-Surface Removal
HOLAP: Hybrid On-Line OnLine Analytical
HLL: High-Level Language
HOOPS: Hierachical Object Orientated Picture
HLLAPI: High-Level Language Application
Programming Interface
(Software) HOPS: Hierarchical Object Orientated Picture
File name extension HOSED: Hardware Or Software Error Detected
General error not yet diagnosed. If ignored, progressed to SNAFU
HLQ: High Level Qualifier and then FUBAR (Net lingo)
HLR: Home Location Register HOTT: Hot Off The Tree
HLS: Hue, Luminance, Saturation Electronic newsletter
Color model HOTW: Hot Off The Web
HLSL: High-Level Shading Language Web organizer (Software)
DirectX 9 feature that abstracts low-level details such as register
allocation, register read-port limits, instruction co-issuing and so
HOTW: Hot Off The Wire H
on (Games) (Microsoft) HOV: High Occupancy Vehicle
HLT: HaLT HP: Hewlett-Packard
HMA: High Memory Area HP: HoneyPot
Method to access the first 64kB segment above the 1MB boundary An Internet-attached server that acts as a decoy, luring in
in DOS/Windows 16-bits (Microsoft) potential hackers in order to study their activities and monitor
how they are able to break into a system (Security)
HMA: Hub Management Architecture
HP/UX: Hewlett-Packard UniX
HMAC: Hash Message Authentication Code
(Operating systems) (HP)
HPA: High Performance Addressing
HMC: Highspeed Memory Controller
HPA: Host Protected Area
HMD: Head Mounted Display
Sometimes referred to as hidden protected area, is an area of a
HMFIC: Head Mother Fucker in Charge hard drive that is not normally visible to an operating system
Another name for the boss (Net lingo) (OS) (Hardware)

HMI: Host Micro Interface HPAS: Hypermedia Presentation and Authoring

(CompuServe) System

HMI: Html Mail Interface HP-AS: Hewlett-Packard Application Server

(Microsoft) (HP)

HMI: Human-Machine Interface HPB: High Ping Bastard

Network multiplayer games attribute (Software)
HMM: Hidden Markov Model
HPC: High-Performance Computing
HMMP: HyperMedia Management Protocol
HPCA: High Performance Computer Architecture
HMMU: Hardware Memory Management Unit (Hardware)
HPCC: High-Performance Computing and
HMOS: High performance Metal Oxide Communications
HPDJ: Hewlett-Packard Desk Jet
HMP: Host Monitoring Protocol
HPF: High Performance Fortran
H-MUX: Hybrid MUltipleXer
HPFS: High Performance File System
HNET: Holographic NEural Technology (Operating systems) (IBM)
HNP: Host Negotiation Protocol HPG: Hewlett-Packard Graphics
HPGL: Hewlett-Packard Graphics Language
HOAP: Humanoid for Open Architecture Platform Language to describe vector graphics (usually for plotters)
HOAS: Hold On A Second (Software) (HP)
(Net lingo) HPIB: Hewlett Packard Interface Bus
HOB: High-Order Byte Is a version of GPIB (also known as IEEE.488) and was used on
Hewlett Packard (Now Aligent Technologies) lab equipment. Early
HOD: Host-On-Demand versions used a different connector (Hardware) (HP)
HO-DSP: Higher Order Domain-Specific Part HP-IB: Hewlett-Packard Interface Bus
(Network) (Hardware) (HP) Page 71 of 185


HP-IL: Hewlett-Packard Interface Loop HSCSD: High-Speed Circuit-Switched Data

A serial communications interface, expecially for small For the Global System for Mobile (GSM) (Communication)
calculators, i.e. 41C (Communication) (HP)
HSD: High Speed Data
HPLJ: Hewlett-Packard Laser Jet
HSDPA: High Speed Downlink Packet Access
HPLT: High Productivity Languages/Tools Enhanced 3G (third generation) mobile telephony
communications protocol in the High-Speed Packet Access
HPNA: Home Phoneline Networking Alliance
(HSPA) family. (Network)
HSF: Heat Sink and Fan
HPOFS: High Performance Optical File System
Common combination of a fan attached to a heat sink that is
HPOM: Home Page Object Model placed in contact with a microprocessor that needs to be cooled.
(Microsoft) (Hardware)

HPPA: Hewlett-Packard Precision Architecture HSFS: High Sierra File System

(Operating systems)
HPPCL: Hewlett-Packard Printer Control Language
HSI: High Speed Interface
HPPE: High Performance Processing Element
HSI: Hue, Saturation, Intensity
Color model
HPPI: High-Performance Peripheral Interface
HSIL: Host Side Igmp Library
HPPN: Hewlett-Packard Proactive Notification (Network) (Cisco) H
HSL: High Speed Link
HPR: High Performance Routing (IBM)
HSL: Hue, Saturation, Luminance
HPSA: High Parallel System Architecture Color model (Hardware)
HSLAN: High Speed Local Area Network
HPSB: High-Performance Serial Bus
Also known as FireWire (Hardware)
HSLN: High Speed Local Network

HPUX: Hewlett-Packard UniX HSM: Hardware Security Module

Generate and/or store secrets for use in crytography, commonly
HP-VUE: Hewlett-Packard Visual User Environment used in card payment systems (Hardware)
HPW: High Performance Workstation HSM: Hierarchical Storage Management
HSM: Hitachi System Manager
HQ: HeadQuarter
HSMOS: High Speed Metal Oxide Semiconductor
HR: High-Rate
HSP: High Speed Printer
IEEE 802.11 wireless LAN access method (Communication)
HSR: Horizontal Scan Rate
HR: Horizontal Rule
HSRP: Hot Standby Router Protocol
HR: Human Resource
Allows hosts to appear to use a single router and to maintain
HRAA: High Resolution Anti Aliasing connectivity even if the actual first hop router they are using fails
Technology found in the nVidia GeForce3 Chip (Hardware) (Network) (Cisco)
(nVidia) HSSDS: High Speed Switched Digital Service
HRAD: Hosted Rapid Application Development HSSI: High Speed Serial Interface
HRC: Hybrid Ring Control HST: Hawaii Standard Time
HREF: Hypertext REFerence Timezone: GMT -10:00

HRG: High Resolution Graphics HST: High Speed Technology

HRIS: Human Resource Information System
HST: HiSTory
HRMS: Human Resource Management System
HRTF: Head-Related Transfer Function
HSV: Hue, Saturation, Value
HS: Heat Sink
(Hardware) HSYNC: Horizontal SYNChronization
HS: High Speed
HT: Horizontal Tab
HSB: Hue, Saturation, Brightness
Color model HT: Hyper-Threading
A technology started with Intel® Pentium® 4 Processor at 3.06
HSC: Help and Support Center
that enables the processor to execute two thread in parallel, so
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) the software can run more efficiently and the user can multitask
HSC: Hierarchical Storage Controller more effectively (Hardware) (Intel)

HSC: High Speed Channel Page 72 of 185


HT: HyperTransport HWIH: Here's What I Have

Technology is a high-speed, low latency, point-to-point link (Net lingo)
designed to increase the communication speed between
integrated circuits in computers, servers, embedded systems, and HYTEA: HYperText Environment for Authoring
networking and telecommunications equipments up to 48 times Hz: HertZ
faster (Hardware) (AMD)
Frequency measurement unit
HTA: HyperText Application
(Network) I
HTCPCP: Hyper Text Coffee Pot Control Protocol (ISC)2: International Information System Security
(Network) Certification Consortium
HTDM: Hybrid Time Division Multiplexing (Organizations)

HTH: Hope This Helps I: Italic

(Net lingo) HTML tag

HTL: High Threshold Logic I/F: InterFace

(Hardware) I/O: Input/Output
HTML: HyperText Markup Language The equipment used to communicate with a computer, the data
A file format, based on SGML, for hypertext documents on the involved in that communication, the media carrying the data, and
Internet. It is simple and enables the embedding of images,
sounds, video streams, form fields, and basic text formatting.
the process of communicating that information
I/T: Integration/Transformation
HTPC: Home Theater Personal Computer Another name for Extract, Transform and Load (ETL) (Databases)
I2: Internet 2
HTT: Hyper-Threading Technology (Network)
Implementation of simultaneous multithreading on Intel Pentium I2C: Intelligent Interface Controller
4, Mobile Pentium 4, and Xeon processors (Intel)
HTTP: HyperText Transport (or Transfer) Protocol
I2C: Inter-Integrated Circuit
The Internet protocol that fetches hypertext objects from remote
2-wire bus developed by Philips Semiconductors in the early
hosts. It is based on TCP/IP.
1980's for efficient inter-IC communications. See
HTTPD: HyperText Transfer Protocol Daemon
2c/ (Hardware) (Philips)
HTTP-NG: HyperText Transfer Protocol - Next
Generation I2-DSI: Internet 2-Distributed Storage
HTTPS: HyperText Transport (or Transfer) Protocol (Network)
The secure version of HTTP allowing transfer of encrypted data I2O: Intelligent Input Output

HTX: HTml eXtension I3: Innovation In Infrastructure

HUD: Heads Up Display I4DL: Interface, Inheritance, Implementation,

Installation Definition Language
HUMAN: High-speed Unlicensed Metropolitan Area
Network IA: Illustrated Audio
(Network) Sound file format

HURD: Hird of Unix-Replacing Daemons IA: Information Appliance

(Operating systems) (GNU) (Hardware)

HURSE: Hasp Unit Record SErvice IA: Information Architecture

To get a punch or print of your cards (Operating systems) (IBM) IA: Intel Architecture
HUT: Hopkins Ultraviolet Telescope (Hardware) (Intel)

HVC: Hue, Value, Chroma IAA: Intel's Application Accelerator

HVD: High Voltage Differential IAB: Internet Activities Board

(Hardware) The group that administrates the development of the Internet
suite of protocols (TCP/IP). The IAB has two investigative task
HVP: Horizontal and Vertical Position forces, the IRTF and the IETF. Now its called Internet
Architecture Board (Organizations)
HVS: Human Visual System
IAB: Internet Architecture Board
HW: HardWare
The new name of what was called Internet Activities Board
HWCP: HardWare Code Page (Organizations)

HWD: Height, Width, Depth IAC: InterApplication Communication

HWDM: Hyperfine Wavelength-Division Multiplexing
(Communication) IAC: Internet Application Component
HWG: Here We Go!
Mostly used in online gaming (Games) IAD: Integrated Access Device Page 73 of 185


IAD: Intrusion-Aware Design IB: Interface Builder

(Security) (Software) (Apple)
IADM: Internet Application Distribution IBA: Intel Boot Agent
Management (Intel)
IAEC: International Address Element Code IBC: Instrument Bus Computer
IAFA: Internet Anonymous Ftp Archives iBCS: Intel Binary Compatibility Specification
IBG: International Biometrics Group
IAG: Instruction Address Generation (Security)
IAHC: Internet Ad Hoc Committee IBIP: Information Based Indicia Program
(Organizations) Bar code postage system
IAI: Internet Application Integration IBM: International Business Machines
IAK: Internet Access Kit IBM-GL: International Business Machines Graphics
(IBM) Language
IAL: Intel Architecture Lab IBN: Integrated Business Network
IBOC: In-Band, On-Channel
IAL: International Algebraic Language
IBTL: In Before The Lock
ALGOL was first called IAL
A cry made prior to an on-line moderator locking an inapproprate
IALATFTTJH: I Am Laughing At The Funny Thing
That Just Happend
topic on in an on-line discussion forum (Net lingo)
IBV: Information Behavior and Value
An alternative to LOL used to represent humor (Net lingo)
IC: I See
IAM: Index Allocation Map (Net lingo)
IC: Input Circuit
IAM: Internet Answering Machine
IC: Input Context
An abstraction for representing the state of a particular input
iAMT: Intel Active Management Technology thread for use with an input method. Multiple ICs can be
Hardware-based technology for remotely managing and securing associated with an input method.
PCs out-of-band (Intel)
IC: Integrated Circuit
IANA: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (Hardware)
IANAL: I Am Not A Lawyer IC: Interexchange Carrier
Standard disclaimer before dispensing legal advice (Net lingo) (Communication)
IANW: International Academic NetWorkshops IC: Internet Connector
IAP: Internet Access Policy (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

IAP: Internet Access Provider IC: Interrupt Controller

IARP: Inverse Address Resolution Protocol ICA: Independent Computing Architecture

(Network) ICA: Intelligent Communication Adapter
IAS: Information Access Service ICA: Intelligent Console Architecture
IAS: Interactive Application System ICA: Intra-application Communications Area
IAS: Internet Access Server ICALP: International Conference on Automata,
(Network) Languages and Programming
IAS: Internet Authentication Service ICAN: Individual Customer Access Network
IASS: Internet Alphaserver System Software ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names
(DEC) and Numbers
IAT: Import Address Table
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) ICAP: Intenet Content Adaption Protocol
IAT: Information Access Technology
ICAP: Internet Calendar Access Protocol
IAT: Internet Appliance Toolkit
(Network) (QNX)
ICAPI: Internet Connection server Application
IAUG: International Aix User Group
Programming Interface
IAX: Inter-Asterisk eXchange (Software) (IBM)
Protocol native to Asterisk PBX. Used to enable VoIP connections
between servers as well as client-server communication ICAS: Intel Communicating Applications
(Communication) Specifications
IAYF: Information At Your Fingertips ICB: Internet Citizen's Band Page 74 of 185


ICC: Integration Competency Center ICI: Inter-Cpu Interrupt

I-C-IT: Intelligent Control Interactive Technology
ICC: Intelligent Communications Control
ICL: Industrial Code and Logic
ICC: International Color Consortium Manufacturer
ICL: Interface Clear
ICCB: Internet Configuration Control Board
ICLID: Incoming Call Line IDentification
ICM: Image Color Management
ICCC: InterClient Communication Convention
ICCCM: Inter-Client Communication Conventions
ICM: Image Color Matching
The document that describes the conventions for the
communication between X clients. This includes such conventions ICM: InComing Message
as client-to-client, client-to-window manager, client-to-session
manager, and color characterization communication. (Operating ICM: Internet Call Manager
systems) ICMC: International Computer Music Conference
ICCD: International Conference on Computer ICMF: Integrated Coupling Migration Facility
ICMP: Internet Control Message Protocol
ICCF: Interactive Computing and Control Facility
The protocol used that handles errors and control messages at
Program development and testing environment (Software) (IBM) the Internet Protocol layer. For example, the ping command is an
ICCP: Institute for the Certification of Computing implementation of the ICMP. ICMP occurs on the IP (network)
level of the TCP/IP protocol suite. (Communication)
ICCS: Integrated Communications Cabling System
File name extension
ICD: Installable Client Driver
iCOMP: Intel COmparative Microprocessor
ICD: International Code Designator Performance
ICDA: Integrated Cached Disk Array (Intel)

ICDL: International Computer Driving Licence ICP: Image CoProcessor

The ICDL Foundation works to promote an International (Hardware)
certification of industry-standard computing skills. See ICP: Independent Content Provider (Organizations)
ICDS: I-data Compressed Data Stream
ICP: Integrated Channel Processor
An i-data/MPI Tech architected bi-directional host-to-printer data
stream that contains both data and controls. ICDS is generated ICP: Intelligent Communication Protocol
by EPM and PSS host applications (Network)
ICE: Image Correction and Enhancement ICP: Internet Cache Protocol
Film scanner technology (Network)
ICE: In-Circuit Emulation ICP: Internet Content Provider
ICP: Internet Control Pack
ICE: Information and Content Exchange (Network) (Microsoft)
Protocol for use by content syndicators and their subscribers. It
focuses on automating content exchange and reuse, both in ICQ: I Seek You
traditional publishing contexts and in business-to-business Communication program (Software)
ICR: Intelligent Character Recognition
ICE: Integrated Computing Environment
iCRT: Intelligent Content Recognition Technology
ICE: Internal Consistency Evaluator
ICS: Ibm Cabling System
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
ICS: Implementation Conformance Statement
ICEM: Integrated Computer aided Engineering and
Manufacturing ICS: Incremental Change Synchronization
A mechanism to monitor, export, and import changed items (both
ICES: Interference-Causing Equipment Standard hierarchy and content) between a database and an information
ICF: Integrated Catalog Facility store or between two information stores (Software) (Microsoft)

ICF: Interactive Communication Facility ICS: Integrated Client Setup

(IBM) ICS: Internet Caching System
ICF: Internet Connection Firewall (Network)
(Security) (Microsoft) ICS: Internet Conferencing System
ICH: I/o Controller Hub (Network)
(Hardware) (Intel) ICS: Internet Connection Sharing
ICI: Image Component Information (Network) (Microsoft) Page 75 of 185


ICS: Intuitive Command Structure iDCT: Inverse Discrete Cosine Transform

ICS: Iris Certificate Security IDDD: International Distance Direct Dialing
ICSA: International Computer Security Association
(Organizations) IDDE: Integrated Development & Debugging
ICSA: Internet Cellular Smart Access
ICSAPI: Internet Connection Services Application
IDE: Integrated Development Environment
Programming Interface
ICSC: Intelligent Channel/Storage Control
IDE: Integrated Drive (or Device) Electronics
ICSE: International Conference on Software Bus architecture (Hardware)
IDE: Interactive Design and Engineering
ICSF: Internet Connection Sharing and Firewall
Makes it possible for home and small office users to create and
IDE: Interface Design Enhancement
manage private networks in which multiple computers share a IDEA: International Data Encryption Algorithm
single connection to the Internet (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
IDEA: Internet Design, Engineering, and Analysis
ICSW: Internet Connection Sharing Wizard notes
(Network) (Microsoft)
IDEMA: International Disk drive Equipment and
ICT: Information and Communications Technology Materials Association
A broader definition of Information Technology (IT) including International not-for-profit trade association that represents the
communications Hard Disk Drive (HDD) industry and its infrastructure. See also I
ICTSB: Information and Communications (Organizations)
Technology Standards Board IDEN: Integrated Data Enhanced Network
Initiative from the three recognized European standards (Network)
organizations with the participation of specification providers as
partners to co-ordinate specification activities in the field of IDF: Intermediate Distribution Frame
Information and Communications Technologies (ICT)
IDFK: I Don't F***ing Know
(Net lingo)
ICU: Instruction-Cache Unit
IDGA: International Game Developers Association
ICU: Intel Configuration Utility (Organizations)
IDI: Initial Domain Identifier
ICU: Interactive Chart Utility (Network)
ICU: Internet Communication Utilities IDIOT: Intrusion Detection In Our Time
(Communication) Project to develop a new approach to efficient misuse detection
ICU: Isa Configuration Utility methods. Its design made use of a new classification of intrusion
methods based on complexity of matching and temporal
ICW: Internet Connection Wizard characteristics (Security)
(Software) (Microsoft) IDIV: Integer DIVide
ID: IDentifier IDK: Internet Development Kit
IDA: Inernational Database Association (Software)
(Organizations) IDL: Interactive Data Language
IDA: Intelligent Drive Array IDL: Interface Definition Language
(Hardware) A language-independent way to describe a module interface
IDA: International Database Association (Software)

IDAPI: Independent Database Application IDLE: International Date Line East

Programming Interface Timezone: GMT +12:00
(Software) (Borland) IDLW: International Date Line West
IDARS: Integrated Document Archive and Retrieval Timezone: GMT -12:00
System IDM: Integrated Document Management
IDAS: Interchange DAta Structure IDN: Internationalized Domain Name
IDBMS: Integrated DataBase Management System IDNX: Integrated Digital Network eXchange
(Databases) (IBM)
IDC: Integrated Desktop Connector IDP: Integrated Data Processing
IDC: Inter-Device Communication IDP: Internet Datagram Protocol
IDC: International Data Corporation IDPR: Inter-Domain Policy Routing protocol
IDC: Internet Data Center (Network)

IDC: Internet Database Connector IDR: Intelligent Disaster Recovery

(Network) (Microsoft) (Seagate) Page 76 of 185


IDR: Intelligent Document Recognition IETF: Internet Engineering Task Force

An engineering and protocol standards body that develops and
IDRAM: Integrated Dynamic Random Access
specifies protocols and Internet standards, generally in the
Memory network layer and above. See (Organizations)
IETFWG: Internet Engineering Task Force Working
IDRC: Improved Data Recording Capacity Group
IEW: Information Engineering Workbench
IDS: Information Delivery System
IF: Information Flow
IDS: Internal Directory System
IF: Inner Firewall
IDS: Intrusion Detection System (Security)
IFB: Internet Free/Busy
IDSL: Isdn Digital Subscriber Line Microsoft Outlook feature (Software) (Microsoft)
IFC: Internet Foundation Classes
IDT: Integrated Device Technologies (Software)
IFCC: Internet Fraud Complaint Center
IDT: Interface Design Tool (Organizations)
IDT: Interrupt Descriptor Table IFCM: Independent Flow Control Messages
IDTS: I Don't Think So iFCP: Internet Fibre Channel Protocol
(Net lingo) Gateway to gateway network protocol standard, officially ratified I
IDU: Interface Data Unit by the Internet Engineering Task Force, which provides Fibre
Channel fabric functionality to fibre channel devices over an IP
IDUG: International Db2 Users Group network (Network)
(Databases) (IBM) IFD: Image File Directory
IDUP-GSS-API: Independent Data Unit Protection IFD: Information Flow Diagram
Generic Security Service Application Programming
Interface i-FED: Intelligent Field Emitting Display
IDVC: Integrated Data/Voice Channel
IFF: Interchange File Format
File name extension IFG: Incoming Fax Gateway
IE: Information Element IFIP: International Federation of Information
Processing societies
IE: Information Engineering
IFITL: Integrated Fiber In The Loop
IE: Internet Explorer
Enables Internet access through a technology known as Point-to-
(Software) (Microsoft) Point Protocol over Ethernet (PPPoE). (Network)
IEAK: Internet Explorer Administrator Kit IFMP: Ipsilon Flow Management Protocol
(Software) (Microsoft)
IFNA: International FidoNet Association
IEC: InterExchange Carrier
IFP: Instruction Fetch Pipeline
IEC: International Electrotechnical Commission
IFPI: International Federation of Phonographic
IEE: Institute of Electrical Engineers (Organizations)
IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics IFPUG: International Function Point User Group
Engineers Promotes and encourages the effective management of
(Organizations) application software development and maintenance activities
through the use of Function Point Analysis (FPA) and other
IEF: Information Engineering Facility software measurement techniques (Organizations)
IEG: Information Exchange Group IFR: Interleaved Frame Recording
IEMSI: Interactive Electronic Mail Standard IFS: Installable File System
Identification (Operating systems)
IEN: Internet Engineering Notes IFS: Internal Field Separator
IEN: Internet Experiment Notebook IFS: Internal Field Seperator
IEP: Initial Experience Predictor IFS: Internet File System
IEPA: Individual Expert Participation Agreement (Operating systems)
(Sun) IFSM: InFormation Systems Management
IESG: Internet Engineering Steering Group IFSMgr: Installable File System ManaGeR
The executive committee of the IETF (Organizations)
(Operating systems)
IFT: Inverse fast Fourier Transform Page 77 of 185


IFX: Interactive Financial eXchange IIRC: If I Recall Correctly

(Net lingo)
IGA: Integrated Graphics Array
IIRG: International Information Retrieval Guild
IGC: Institute for Global Communications
The oldest surviving hacker organization. See
IGC: Integrated Graphics Controller (Organizations)
IGES: Initial Graphics Exchange Specification IIS: Internet Information Server
File format for graphics interchange (Network) (Microsoft)
IGFET: Insulated-Gate Field Effect Transistor IISP: Interim Inter-switch Signaling Protocol
IGFOS: International Government Forum for Open IITF: Information Infrastructure Task Force
IJCAI: International Joint Conference on Artificial
IGMP: Internet Group Management Protocol
IK: Inverse Kinematics
The TCP/IP protocol that permits Internet hosts to take part in IP
multicasting. It is an efficient means of broadcasting messages to IKBS: Intelligent Knowledge Based System
groups of end-stations (Network)
IKE: Internet Key Exchange
IGN: Ibm Global Network
IKMP: Internet Key Management Protocol
IGP: Integrated Graphics Processor (Network)
IKP: Internet Keyed Payment
IGP: Interior Gateway Protocol
The protocol that enables the exchange or routing information
IL: Intermediate Language I
between collaborating routers on the Internet. Examples of IGPs A platform-independent, compiler-generated language suitable to
include Routing Information Protocol (RIP) and Open Shortest run on platform-specific virtual machines (Software)
Path First (OSPF) (Network) (Cisco) ILA: Image Light Amplifier
IGRP: Interior Gateway Routing Protocol ILE: Integrated Language Environment
Kind of IGP which is a distance-vector routing protocol invented (Software) (IBM)
by Cisco, used by routers to exchange routing data within an
autonomous system (Network) (Cisco) ILEC: Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier
IGS: Internet Go Server Also known as primary local exchange carrier (Communication)

IGSN: Internet Gprs Support Node ILLINET: ILlinois LIbrary NETwork

(Communication) ILM: Information Lifecycle Management
IHA: Intel Hub Architecture Not a technology, ILM is a combination of processes and
technologies that determines how data flows through an
(Hardware) (Intel) environment. By doing so, it helps end users manage data from
IHD: Integrated Help Desk the moment it is created to the time it is no longer needed
(IBM) ILMI: Interim Local Management Interface
IHS: Integrated Heat Spreader iLO: Integrated Lights-Out
The top surface of the IHS is designed to be the interface for Remote management feature on HP servers. (Hardware) (HP)
contacting a HS/HSF. Allows more effecient heat transfer out of
the package to an attached cooling device. Transform non- ILP: Instruction-Level Parallelism
uniform heat from the die to the top of the IHS for more uniform CPU architecture
spread (Hardware)
ILS: International Language Support
IHV: Independent Hardware Vendor
ILS: Internet Locator Service
A third-party hardware manufacturer (Hardware)
IID: Interface IDentifier IM: Input Method
The algorithm by which users enter the text of a language. Input
methods differ for each language, depending on that language’s
IIF: Immediate IF structure and conventions
(Databases) IM: Instant Messaging
IIF: Immediate InterFace IM: Interface Module
III: Interstate Identification Index IMA: Interactive Multimedia Association
IIIR: Integration of Internet Information Resources IMA: International Midi Association
IIL: Integrated Injection Logic IMAC: Isochronous Media Access Control
IIM: Internet Interaction Management IMACS: Image Management and Communication
IIN: Integrated Information Network System
IIOP: Internet Interoperable Orb Protocol IMAP: Internet Message Access Protocol
(Communication) (Network)

IIR: Immediate Impulse Response

IIR: Incremental Image Rendering Page 78 of 185


IMAPI: Image Mastering Application Programming IMSI: International Mobile Subscriber Identity
Interface A unique number within the SIM card that identifies the
Allows an application to stage and burn a simple audio or data subscriber to the system (Communication)
image to CD-R or CD-RW devices (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
IMSO: Integrated Micro Systems Operation
IMC: Internet Mail Connector
IMSP: Internet Message Support Protocol
(Software) (Microsoft)
IMC: Internet Message Center
IMSVS: Information Management System/Virtual
IMDB: In-Memory DataBase
IMTC: International Multimedia Teleconferencing
(Databases) Consortium
IMDb: Internet Movie DataBase IMTV: Interactive Multimedia TeleVision
IMDS: IMage Data Stream IMUL: Integer MULtiply
IMUX: Inverse MUltipleXer
IME: Input Method Editor
(Software) (Microsoft) IN: Individual Network

IME: Integrated Messaging Exchange IN: INput

IMEI: International Mobile Equipment Identity IN: Intelligent Network

A code that uniquely identifies the mobile terminal hardware. It is INA: Intelligent Network Architecture
important in GSM for keeping a record of lost or stolen mobile
telephones. A copy of each IMEI is stored in the EIR INAP: Intelligent Network Application Protocol I
(Communication) Allows applications to communicate between various
nodes/functional entities of an intelligent network. The protocol
IMF: International Monetary Fund defines the operations required to be performed between
(Organizations) nodes/functional entities for providing intelligent network services
IMG: IMaGe INC: INCrement
File name extension
INCITS: InterNational Committee on Information
IMHO: In My Humble Opinion Technology Standards
(Net lingo) Organization for standardization in the field of Information and
Communications Technologies (ICT), encompassing storage,
IML: Initial Microcode Load processing, transfer, display, management, organization, and
(IBM) retrieval of information (Organizations)
IMM: Input Method Manager INCM: Intelligent Network Conceptual Model
(Software) (Microsoft)
IMM: Intel Mobile Module File name extension
(Hardware) (Intel)
INET: International NETworking conference
IMM: Interactive MultiMedia
INF: INFormation
IMNSHO: In My Not So Humble Opinion File name extension
(Net lingo)
INFS: Internet Network File System
IMO: In My Opinion
INGRES: INteractive Graphic REtrieval System
(Net lingo)
INI: INItialization
IMO: Intenet Mail Only
File name extension
Microsoft Outlook feature (Software) (Microsoft)
INIT: INITialize
IMP: Information Management Practice
INL: Inter Node Link
IMP: Interface Message Processor
(Hardware) INM: Integrated Network Management
IMP: Internet Mail Only INM: International Neural Machines
IMPA: Intelligent Multi-Port Adapter INN: Inter Node Network
IMPP: Instant Messaging and Presence Protocol INN: InterNet News
IMR: Internet Monthly Report
INND: InterNet News Daemon
IMS: Image Management Services
IMS: Information Management System
INOC: Internet Network Operations Center
INP: Instant Network Presence
IMS: Instructional Management System
IMS: Intermediate Maintenance Standard
INRIA: Institut National de Recherche en
IMS: Internet Mail Service Informatique et Automatique Page 79 of 185


INS: INput String IOQD: In-Order Queue Depth

(Hardware) (Intel)
INS: Integrated Network Server
IOR: Interoperable Object Reference
INT: INTeger
IORDY: Input/Output channel ReaDY
INT: INTernal
INT: INTernational
IOREQ: Input/Output REQuest
organization Domain name
Microprocessor signal used in I/O addressing (Hardware)
INT: INTerrupt
IORQ: Input/Output ReQuest
(Software) (Intel)
Microprocessor signal used in I/O addressing (Hardware)
INTA: INTerrupt Acknowledge
IOS: Input/Output System
INTAP: Interoperability Technology Association for
Information Processing IOS: Internet Operating System
(Operating systems)
The technical organization that officially develops Japanese OSI
profiles and conformance tests (Organizations) IOS: InterOrganizational System
INTEL: INTegrated ELectronics IOSGA: Input/Output Support Gate Array
IOUG: International Oracle Users Group
InterNIC: INTERnet Network Information Center See (Organizations)
INTO: INTerrupt if Overflow occurs IOW: In Other Words
INTRAC: INtelligent Traffic Routing And Control (Net lingo) I
(Network) IP: Information Provider
INTSERV: INTegrated SERVices IP: Instruction Pointer
The transport of audio, video, real-time, and classical data traffic CPU register (Hardware) (Intel)
within a single network infrastructure (Network)
IP: Intellectual Property
IO: Information Orientation
IP: Intelligent Peripheral
IO: Input/Output
IP: Internet Protocol
IO: Internal Objects
The major network layer protocol in the Internet Protocol suite.
(Software) (Microsoft) IP describes the routing of packets, among its many tasks
IOC: Input/Output Controller (Network)

IOC: Inter-Office Channel IPAUTH: Internet Protocol AUTHentication

IOCC: Input/Output Channel Converter
IPBF: Installed Peripheral Base Flexibility
IOCC: Input/Output Controller Chip
IPC: Instructions Per Clock
IOCCC: International Obfuscated C Code Contest
IPC: InterProcess Communication
IOCP: Inter-Orb Communication Protocol The process of sharing data between processes and, when
(Communication) necessary, coordinating access to the shared data (Operating
IOCS: Input/Output Control System
IPCE: InterProcess Communication Environment
IOCtl: Input/Output ConTroL
IPCMOS: Interlocked Pipeline Complementary Metal
iODBC: Independent Open DataBase Connectivity
Oxide Semiconductor
Open source, platform independent implementation of both the
Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware)
ODBC and X/Open specifications. It is rapidly emerging as the
industry standard for developing solutions that are language, IPCP: Internet Protocol Control Protocol
platform and database independent. See also
(Network) (Software)
IPCS: Integrated Personal Computer Server
IOE: Internet Operating Environment
IOF: Infrared Optical Film
IPCS: Interactive Problem Control System
IONL: Internal Organization of the Network Layer
IPD: Intelligent Printer Data
The ISO/OSI standard for the architecture of the network layer.
The IONL divides the network layer into subnetworks IPDC: Internet Protocol Device Control
interconnected by convergence protocols (internetworking
protocols), resulting in a catenet or internet (Organizations) IPDS: Ibm Personal Dictation System
IOP: Input/Output Parity
(Hardware) IPDS: Intelligent Printer Data Stream
IOP: Input/Output Processor
(Hardware) IPDU: Internet Protocol Data Unit
IOPL: Input/Output Privilege Level IPDVMRP: Internet Protocol Distance Vector
Multicast Routing Protocol Page 80 of 185


IPE: Integrated Programming Environment IPO: Internet Protocol over Optical

IPF: Information Presentation Facility
IPP: Infrastructure Portal Provider
IPF: Invalid Page Format
IPP: Intel Performance Primitives
IPFC: Information Presentation Facility Compiler
(Hardware) (Intel)
IPP: Internet Printing Protocol
IPFC: Internet Protocol over Fibre Channel
IPI: Intelligent Peripheral Interface IPP: Internet Protocol Processor
A device-generic interface used for large-capacity, high-
performance disks. The IPI supports disk transfer rates at IPR: Intellectual Property Rights
3Mbyte/sec and above (Hardware)
IPR: Interactive Photorealistic Rendering
IPI: Internet Policy Institute Used in 3D Modelling (Autodesk)
A device-generic interface used for large-capacity, high-
performance disks. The IPI supports disk transfer rates at ips: Inches Per Second
3MB/sec and above (Organizations) (Hardware)
IPI: Inter-Processor Interrupt IPS: Information Processing Standards
IPS: In-Plane Switching
IPIC: International Primary Interexchange Carrier (Hardware)
IPL: Ibm Public License
IPS: Intrusion Prevention System
iPS: Iplanet Portal Server
IPL: Information Programming Language
IPSE: Integrated Project Support Environment
IPL: Initial Program Load
IPSec: Internet Protocol SECurity
Also known as the bootstrap or boot process
A set of protocols that give greater IP-level security to data
IPL: Ion Projection Lithography packets transmitted over Virtual Private Networks

IPM: Images Per Minute IPSI: Internet Protocol Server Interface

ipm: Impressions Per Minute
Printing speed measurement unit (Hardware) IPSRA: Internet Protocol Security Remote Access
IPM: InfoPrint Manager
IBM's Info Print Manager - Creates IPDS data (IBM) IPTC: International Press Telecommunications
ipm: Instructions Per Minute
IPTV: Internet Protocol TeleVision
IPM: Intelligent Power Module
(Hardware) IPv4: Internet Protocol, Version 4
IPM: Internet Protection Module
(Network) IPv6: Internet Protocol, Version 6
IPM: Internetwork Performance Monitor
A network response time and availability troubleshooting IPWG: Internet Privacy Working Group
application (Software) (Cisco) (Organizations)
IPM: InterPersonal Message IPX: Internetwork Packet eXchange
ipm: Interruptions Per Minute (Network) (Novell)

IPMB: Intelligent Platform Management Bus IPX/SPX: Internet Packet eXchange/Sequenced

Packet eXchange
IPXCP: Internetworking Packet eXchange Control
IPMC: Intelligent Platform Management Chassis
IPMI: Intelligent Platform Management Interface
IPXODI: Internet Packet eXchange Open Datalink
Defines a set of common interfaces to a computer system which
system administrators can use to monitor system health and
manage the system (Hardware) IQL: Interactive Query Language
IPMI: Internet Protocol Multicast Initiative IR: InfraRed
(Network) (Hardware)
IPNG: Internet Protocol Next Generation IR: Instruction Register
(Network) (Hardware)
IPO: Input, Processing and Output IR: Interface Repository
IPO: International Purchasing Office IRAM: Intelligent Random Access Memory
(Hardware) Page 81 of 185


IRC: Internet Relay Chat IRTOS: I2o Real Time Operating System
(Network) (Operating systems)
IRC: Interrupt Request Controller IRTP: Internet Reliable Transaction Protocol
IRX: Information Retrieval eXperiment
IRCA: Internet Content Rating Association
IS: Image Stabilization
A system like this can help your digital camera take clearer
IRCP: Internet Relay Chat Protocol images (Hardware)
(Network) IS: Information System
IRD: Implementation Row Descriptor IS: Interim Standard
(Databases) Interim Standard 95 (IS-95), is the first CDMA-based digital
IRD: Integrated Receiver/Descrambler cellular standard pioneered by Qualcomm. The brand name for IS-
95 is cdmaOne. IS-95 is also known as TIA-EIA-95
IrDA: InfraRed Data Association (Communication)
(Organizations) IS: Internal System
IRDP: Icmp Router Discovery Protocol IS: Interrupt Status
ISA: Industry Standard Architecture
IRDS: Information Resource Dictionary System PC bus architecture (Hardware)
IRET: Interrupt RETurn ISA: Instruction-Set Architecture
IRF: Inheritance Rights Filter
ISA: Interactive Services Association I
ISA: Internet Security and Acceleration
IRF: Interger Register File (Microsoft)
IRF: Intermediate Routing Function ISA: Internet Server Application
IRIS: Internet Retailer Information System (Software)

IRL: In Real Life ISACA: Information Systems Audit and Control

(Net lingo) Association
See (Organizations)
IRL: Insert Row Locking
(Databases) ISAKMP: Internet Security Association Key
Management Protocol
IRL: Integer Register File
IRL: Interactive Reader Language
ISAM: Indexed Sequential Access Method
IrLAN: InfraRed Local Area Network
ISAPI: Internet Server Application Programming
IrLAP: InfraRed Link Access Protocol Interface
(Communication) (Software) (Microsoft)

IRLED: InfraRed Light Emitting Diode ISBN: International Standard Book Number
IrLMP: InfraRed Link Management Protocol ISC: Information Supply Chain
(Communication) ISC: Instruction Set Computer
IRM: Information Resource Management ISC: Internet Service Center
IRM: Inherent Rights Mask ISC: Internet Storm Center
iRMC: Integrated Remote Management Controller See (Organizations)
Implementation of a Remote Access Card (RAC) (Hardware) ISC: Inter-System Communication
IRP: I/o Request Packet
ISCA: International Computing Security Association
Data structure used by Windows to communicate to kernel-mode
device drivers. (Operating systems) (Microsoft) (Organizations)

IRQ: Interrupt ReQuest iSCSI: Internet Small Computer System Interface

A signal that a device requires CPU attention (Hardware) ISD: Image Section Descriptor
IRQL: Interrupt ReQuest Level ISD: Instructional Systems Design
IRR: Internal Rate of Return ISDN: Integrated Services Digital Network
IRS: Internal Revenue Service A communication technology offered by telephone carriers
worldwide. ISDN combines voice and digital network services in a
IRSG: Internet Research Steering Group single medium, offering customers digital data services and voice
connections through a single wire (Communication)
IRTF: Internet Research Task Force
The task force of the Internet Activities Board that addresses
research and development of the Internet Protocol suite
(Organizations) Page 82 of 185


ISDN-UP: Integrated Services Digital Network User ISN-LAN: Information System Network-Local Area
Part Network
A communications technology offered by telephone carriers
ISO: Independent System Operator
worldwide. ISDN combines voice and digital network services in a
single medium, offering customers digital data services and voice ISO: International Organization for Standardization
connections through a single wire An international standards body that reviews and approves
ISDP: I See Dead People independently designed products for use within specific
industries. ISO also develops standards for information exchange,
Tactical-ops, assault on terror gaming clan. See
such as the ISO/OSI model for computer networks. See (Games) (Organizations)
ISE: Integrated Software Engineering
ISO/OSI: International Standardization
(ISE) Organization/Open Systems Interconnection
ISEN: Internet Search Environment Number ISOC: Internet SOCiety
Is the foundation of a portal that comprehensively catalogs the
Internet's databases. See also
ISODE: International Standardization Organization
ISF: Information Security Forum
Development Environment
ISP: Integrated System Peripheral control
ISFUG: Integrated Software Federal User Group
ISP: Interactive String Processor
ISH: Information Super Highway
ISP: Internet Service Provider
ISHO: Inter-System HandOver
Communications service company that provides Internet access
Transfer of 3G calls to 2G networks mid call and vice-versa
and services to its customers. ISPs range in size from small
independents serving a local calling area to large, established
ISI: Information Sciences Institute telecommunications companies (Network)

ISI: Internally Specified Index ISP: Interrupt Stack Pointer

ISIS: Image and Scanner Interface Standard ISP: Interrupt Status Port

ISIS: Integrated Systems and Information Services ISPF: Interactive System Programming Facility

IS-IS: Intermediate-System to Intermediate- ISPP: Internet Secure Payments Protocol

System (Security)
The ISO/OSI protocol by which intermediate systems exchange ISQL: Interactive Structured Query Language
routing information
ISR: Information Storage and Retrieval
ISKM: Internet Starter Kit for the Macintosh
ISR: Interrupt Service Routine
ISL: Inter Switch Link (Operating systems)
(Hardware) (Cisco)
ISR: Interrupt Status Register
ISL: Interactive System Language
ISS: Internet Security Systems
ISLM: Integrated Services Line Module (Network)
ISLN: Integrated Services Local Network ISS: Internet Sharing Software
ISLU: Integrated Services Line Unit (Software)

ISM: Industrial, Scientific, Medical ISSA: Information Systems Security Association

Radio frequency band (Communication) (Organizations)

ISM: Integrated Service Module ISSCC: International Solid-State Circuits Conference

(Hardware) ISSLL: Integrated Services over Specific Link Layers
ISM: Integrated Switch Module (Network)
(Hardware) ISSLOW: Integrated Services System for LOW
ISM: Internet Service Manager bitrate lines
(Microsoft) (Network)

ISMA: Internet Streaming Media Alliance ISSN: Integrated Special Services Network
(Organizations) ISSN: International Standard Serial Number
ISMF: Interactive Storage Management Facility IST: Immerse System Technology
ISN: Information Systems Network IST: Initial System Test
ISN: Initial Sequence Number IST: Intelligent Scanning Technology
Synchronization between two hosts to establish a TCP connection.
(Network) ISTG: InterSite Topology Generator
Managing active directory replication (Operating systems)
ISN: Internet School Networking (Microsoft)
ISN: Internet Services Network
ISN: Internet Shopping Network Page 83 of 185


ISUP: ISdn User Part ITSEC: Information Technology Security Evaluation

Provides the signaling functions necessary to basic bearer Criteria
services and supplementary services for voice and non-voice
applications in the Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) ITSO: International Technical Support Organization
ISV: Independent Software Vendor
A third-party software developer (Software) ITSP: Internet Telephone Service Provider

IT: Information Technology ITTP: Intelligent Terminal Transfer Protocol

(Communication) (Ericsson)
IT: Integration/Transformation
Another name for Extract, Transform and Load (ETL) (Databases) ITU: International Telecommunications Union
International organization under the auspices of the United
ITA: Interim Type Approval Nations that develops radio (ITU-R) and telecommunications (ITU-
T) standards. Prior to 1993, the ITU-T Standardization Sector was
ITAA: Information Technology Association of
known as the CCITT (Organizations)
(Organizations) ITUG: International Telecommunications User
ITB: Information Technology Branch
ITUSA: Information Technology Users Standards
ITB: Intermediate Text Block Association
ITC: Information Technology Consultant ITU-T: International Telecommunications Union
An Information Technology (IT) position Technical standards group
ITC: International Typeface Corporation ITU-TIES: International Telecommunications
ITDI: Information Technology Pioneer International Union -Telecom Information Exchange Services I
ITE: Independent Trading Exchange ITU-TSS: International Telecommunications Union -
Telecommunication Standards Section
ITE: Information Technology Equipment
iTV: Interactive TeleVision
ITF: Interactive Test Facility
ITX: Intermediate Text Block
ITI: Information Technology Industry council
Washington-based trade association representing the leading U.S. ITYM: I Think You Mean
providers of information technology (IT) products and services. (Net lingo)
See also (Organizations)
IU: Integer Unit
ITIL: Information Technology Infrastructure Library
IUAP: Internet User Account Provider
iTIP: Icalendar Transport-indendent
IUMA: Internet Underground Music Archive
Interoperability Protocol
Specification that defines the format of calendar information sent IUP: Infrastructure Utility Provider
between calendar user agents. See also the RFC 2445
IUP: Internet User Population
ITLB: Instruction Tanslation Look-aside Buffer (Network)
ITM: Instruction Translation Look-aside Buffer IUS/ITB: Interchange Unit Separator/Intermediate
ITMS: Immediate check Truth Maintenance System Transmission Block

ITN: Identification Tasking and Networking IV: Initialization Vector

ITN: Internet Travel Network
IV&V: Initialization Vector
ITOT: Iso Transport service On top of Tcp
IVC: Integrated Visual Computing
ITP: Information Technology Practice
IVDS: Integrated Voice and Data Systems
ITP: Information Technology Project
IVDT: Integrated Voice/Data Terminal
ITP: Internet Transaction Processing
IVIS: Interactive Video Information System
ITR: Information Technology Research
IVIT: Intelligent Voice Interactive Technology
ITR: Input Transaction Record
IVL: Independent Vendor League
ITR: Internet Talk Radio
IVL: Intel Verification Lab
ITRS: International Technology Roadmap for
Semiconductors IVR: Interactive Voice Response
(Organizations) IVS: Interactive Videodisk System
ITS: Incompatible Time-sharing System IVT: InfoViewer Titles
An influential but highly idiosyncratic operating system written (Microsoft)
for the PDP-6 and PDP-10 at MIT and long used at the MIT AI Lab
(Operating systems) IVT: Interrupt Vector Table
ITS: Intelligent Transportation System IVTS: International Video Teleconferencing Service
ITS: Internet Transaction Server IW: Information Warehouse Page 84 of 185


I-WAY: Information highWAY JAMES: Java Apache Mail Enterprise Server

Is a 100% pure Java server, designed to be a complete and
IWC: Inside Wire Cable
portable enterprise mail engine solution based on currently
IWF: InterWorking Function available open protocols (SMTP, POP3, IMAP, HTTP)

IWS: Intelligent WorkStation JANET: Joint Academic NETwork

A U.K. university network (Network)
IWS: Iplanet Web Server
JAR: Java ARchive
IXC: IntereXchange Carrier
A long-distance carrier such as AT&T, MCI and Sprint JAWS: Jamming And Warning System
(Communication) (Hardware)
IXF: Integration eXchange Format JAXB: Java Architecture for Xml Binding
(IBM) Architecture that provides an API and tools that automate the
mapping between XML documents and Java objects (Software)
IYHO: In Your Humble Opinion (Sun)
(Net lingo)
JAXM: Java Api for Xml Messaging
IYKWIM: If You Know What I Mean Enables applications to send and receive document oriented XML
(Net lingo) messages using a pure Java API (Software) (Sun)
JAXP: Java Api for Xml Processing
J Enables applications to parse and transform XML documents using
J/K: Just Kidding a pure Java API that is independent of a particular XML processor
implementation (Software) (Sun)
(Net lingo)
JAXR: Java Api for Xml Registries I
J2EE: Java 2 platform, Enterprise Edition
Provides a mechanism for publishing available services in an
(Software) (Sun)
J2ME: Java 2 platform, Micro Edition
external registry, and for consulting the registry to find those
services (Software) (Sun)
(Software) (Sun) JAX-RPC: Java Api for Xml-based Remote
J2SE: Java 2 platform, Standard Edition Procedure Call
(Software) (Sun) Defines a mechanism for exchanging synchronous XML-based
messages between applications (Sun)
JA: Jump Address
JAX-WS: Java Api for Xml Web Services
JA: Jump if Above (Software)
JBCL: Java Beans Component Library
JAAS: Java Authentication and Authorization (Software)
JBE: Jump if Below or Equal
Is a package that enables services to authenticate and enforce
access controls upon users. It implements a Java version of the JBI: Java Business Integration
standard Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) framework, and
(Software) (Sun)
supports user-based authorization. (Security) (Sun)
JBIG: Joint Bi-level Image experts Group
JAD: Joint Application Development
This was (and is) a group of experts nominated by national
JADE: Jasmine Application Development standards bodies and major companies to work to produce
Environment standards for bi-level image coding. See also (Organizations)
(Databases) (CAI)
JAE: Java Applet Environment JBOD: Just a Bunch Of Disks
(Software) (Sun) A storage subsystems using multiple independent disk drives, as
opposed to one form of RAID or another (Hardware)
JAE: Jump if Above or Equal
JBPC: Java-Based Pipeline Configurator
JAF: Javabeans Activation Framework
JC: Jump if Carry set
With JAF, Java developers can take advantage of standard
services to determine the type of an arbitrary piece of data, JCA: Java Card Assembly
encapsulate access to it, discover the operations available on it, (Software) (Sun)
and to instantiate the appropriate bean to perform said
operations (Sun) JCA: Java Connector Architecture
JAI: Java Advanced Imaging
Application programming interface (API) that enables developers JCA: Java Cryptography Architecture
to easily incorporate high-performance, network-enabled, (Software) (Sun)
scalable, platform-independent image processing into Java
technology-based applications and applets (Software) (Sun) JCAT: Java Coordination And Transactions
Includes (but is not limited to) the facilities required for
JAIN: Java for the Advanced Intelligent Network applications to be invoked and return results before, during or
A set of Java technology based APIs which enable the rapid after calls; to process call parameters or subscriber-supplied
development of Next Generation telecom products and services information; and to engage in further call processing and control
on the Java platform (Sun) (Sun)
JAM: Just A Minute
When your in an on-line conversation and you need to put the
other person on hold while you quickly do something (Net lingo) Page 85 of 185


JCC: Java Call Control JDO: Java Data Objects

Includes the facilities required for observing, initiating, Is an application programming interface (API) for transparent
answering, processing and manipulating calls, where a call is database access. The programmer can write code in the Java
understood to include (but is not necessarily limited to) a programming language that transparently accesses the underlying
multimedia, multiparty session over the underlying integrated data store, without using database-specific code (Databases)
network (Sun) (Sun)
JCE: Java Cryptography Extension JDOM: Java Document Object Model
Is a set of packages that provide a framework and Java-oriented API for reading and writing XML documents
implementations for encryption, key generation and key
agreement, and Message Authentication Code (MAC) algorithms JDOQL: Java Data Objects Query Language
(Security) (Sun) (Software)

JCK: Java Compatibility Kit JDSL: Java Data Structures Library

(Software) (Sun) (Software)

JCL: Jakarta Commons Logging JDT: Java Development Toolkit

(Software) Project that provides tool plug-ins that implement a Java IDE that
supports the development of Java applications including Eclipse
JCL: Job Control Language plug-ins.The JDT project allows Eclipse to be a development
(Software) environment for itself. See (Software)
JCP: Java Community Process JDWP: Java Debug Wire Protocol
Produces high-quality specifications in "Internet time" using an (Sun)
inclusive, consensus building approach that produces a
specification, a reference implementation (to prove the JE: Jump if Equal
specification can be implemented), and a technology JEDEC: Joint Electronic Devices Engineering Council
compatibility kit (Sun)
JEIDA: Japanese Electronics Industry Development
JCS: Java Caching System
Distributed caching system written in java. It is intended to speed
Association J
up applications by providing a means to manage cached data of JEITA: Japanese Electronics and Information
various dynamic natures. See also Technology industries Association
(Software) (Organizations)
JCWDE: Java Card Workstation Development JEMS: Jboss Enterprise Middleware Suite
Extensible and scalable suite of products for creating and
(Software) (Sun) deploying e-business applications. JEMS offers cutting-edge
technology components which customers can mix-and-match and
JDBC: Java DataBase Connectivity
roll out into their line of business infrastructure (Software)
JEPI: Joint Electronic Payment Initiative
JDC: Java Developer Connection
(Sun) JERI: Jini Extensible Remote Invocation
(Software) (Sun)
JDE: Java Development Environment
JES: Java Embedded Server
JDEE: Java Development Environment for Emacs
JDF: Job Description Format
JES: Job Entry System
JDI: Java Debug Interface
JESI: Java Edge Side Include
(Software) (Sun)
JDIC: Java Desktop Integration Components
JESS: Java Expert System Shell
Project that aims to make Java technology-based applications
A CLIPS expert system written for Java (Software)
first-class citizens of current desktop platforms without sacrificing
platform independence. Its mission is to enable seamless JET: Joint Engine Technology
desktop/Java integration (Software) (Databases) (Microsoft)
JDJ: Java Developer's Journal JET: Jpeg Enhancement Technology
JDK: Java Development Kit JFC: Java Foundation Classes
(Software) (Sun)
JDMK: Java Dynamic Management Kit JFET: Junction Field Effect Transistor
Is the foundation for building and distributing network
management intelligence into applications, networks and devices. JFIF: Jpeg File Interchange Format
It is the first compatible implementation of the JMX specification
JFS: Journalized File System
(Operating systems)
JDNC: Java Desktop Network Components
Aims to provide the shortcuts required to construct desktop
JG: Jump if Greater
applications in significantly less time by reducing the learning, JGE: Jump if Greater or Equal
design, and coding requirements (Software)
JGF: Java Graphics Format
JGSS: Java Generic Security Service
(Sun) Page 86 of 185


JIC: Just In Case JNGE: Jump if Not Greater or Equal

(Net lingo)
JNI: Java Native Interface
JIMI: Java Image Management Interface (Sun)
JNLE: Jump if Not Less or Equal
JIPS: Janet Internet Protocol Service
JNLP: Java Network Launching Protocol
JIS: Japan Industrial Standard (Sun)
JISC: Japanese Industrial Standards Committee JNO: Jump if No Overflow
JIT: Just In Time JNP: Jump if No Parity
Programs compilation technique (Software)
JNS: Jump if No Sign
JITA: Just In Time Activation
JNZ: Jump if Not Zero
Allows an objects to tell COM+ that its work is done and that it
can be destroyed (Software) (Microsoft) JODE: Java Optimize and Decompile Environment
JITC: Just In Time Compiler
JOE: Java Objects Everywhere
JJ: Just Joking
(Net lingo) JOHNNIAC: JOHn Neumann Integrator and
Automatic Computer
JK: Just Kidding
(Net lingo) JOOP: Journal of Object Orientated Programming
JKS: Java KeyStore JOSS: Johnniac Open Shop System
(Security) JOSS: Joint Object Services Submission
JL: Jump if Less JOVE: Jonathan's Own Version of Emacs J
JLE: Japanese Language Environment JOVIAL: Jules Own Version of the International
JLE: Jump if Less than or Equal to Algorithmic Language
JLF: Java Layered Framework JPA: Java Persistence Api
Set of Java code to provide a foundation for faster Java software (Software)
development (Software)
JPDA: Java Platform Debugger Architecture
JLIP: Joint Level Interface Protocol Multi-tiered debugging architecture that allows tools developers
to easily create debugger applications which run portably across
JLS: Java Language Specification platforms, virtual machine (VM) implementations and SDK
(Sun) versions (Software) (Sun)
JMAPI: Java Management Application Programming JPE: Jump if Parity Even
JPEG: Joint Photographic Experts Group
A joint venture of the CCITT and ISO that developed a standard
JMF: Java Media Framework for compressing gray-scale or color still images
(Software) (Sun)
JPG: Joint Photographic experts Group
JMI: Java Metadata Interface Filename extension (short for JPEG)
Implements a dynamic, platform-neutral infrastructure that
JPL: Jet Propulsion Laboratory
enables the creation, storage, access, discovery, and exchange of
metadata (Software) (Sun) JPLDIS: Jet Propulsion Laboratory Display
JMM: Java Memory Model Information System
(Software) JPNF: Join-Projection Normal Form
JMP: JuMP JPO: Jump if Parity Odd
JRB: Java Relational Binding
JMS: Java Message Service (Software)
JMSC: Japanese Midi Standard Committee JRE: Java Runtime Environment
JMX: Java Management eXtension (Software)
Formerly known as LMAPI (Sun) JRI: Java Runtime Interface
JNA: Jump if Not Above Native interface proposed by Netscape (Software) (Netscape)

JNAE: Jump if Not Above or Equal JRMP: Java Remote Method Protocol
JNB: Jump if Not Below
JRP: Joint Requirement Planning
JNBE: Jump if Not Below or Equal
JS: JavaScript
JNDI: Java Naming and Directory Interface (Software) (Netscape)
Is a standard extension to the JavaTM platform, providing Java
technology-enabled applications with a unified interface to JS: Jump if Sign
multiple naming and directory services in the enterprise (Sun)
JSA: Japanese Standards Association
JNG: Jump if Not Greater
JSAM: Java Secure Application Manager Page 87 of 185


JSAPI: Java Speech Application Programming JTB: Jump Trace Buffer

JTC: Join Transitive Closure
(Software) (Sun)
Allows the DBMS optimizer to consider a join order other than
JSC: Java Swing Connection those made available explicitly by the query's WHERE clause
(Sun) (Databases) (Sybase)

JSCP: Java Software CoProcessor JTC: Joint Technical Committee

JSDK: Java Servlet Development Kit JTM: Job Transfer and Manipulation
(Software) JTMS: Justification based Truth Maintenance
JSDT: Java Shared Data Toolkit System
JavaTM Shared Data Toolkit JTS: Java Transaction Service
(Software) (Sun)
JTSIN: Joint Transmission Services Information
JSF: Java Server Faces Network
Technology that simplifies building user interfaces for JavaServer
JUG: Java User Group
applications. Developers of various skill levels can quickly build
web applications by assembling reusable UI components in a JUGHEAD: Jonzy's Universal Gopher Hierarchy
page and connecting these components to a data source Excavation And Display
(Software) (Sun)
JUMP: Java User Migration Path
JSGF: JSpeech Grammar Format
(Software) (Microsoft)
JSML: JSpeech Markup Language
JUNET: Japan Unix NETwork
JSON: JavaScript Object Notation
JVM: Java Virtual Machine
Scripting language based on a subset of the JavaScript
Programming Language. The format is specified in RFC 4627. The JVMDI: Java Virtual Machine Debug Interface
official MIME Media Type for JSON is application/json (Software) (Sun)
JSP: JavaServer Pages JVMPI: Java Virtual Machine Profiler Interface
(Software) K
JVMTI: Java Virtual Machine Tool Interface
JSPA: Java Specification Participation Agreement
JVS: Java Validation Suite
JSPC: JavaServer Pages Compiler
jwcid: Java Web Component IDentifier
JSR: Java Specification Request
JWS: Java Web Server
Is the actual description of a proposed and final specification for
the Java platform (Sun) (Sun)

JSS: Java Security Service JWS: Java Web Start

Java interface to Network Security Service (NSS). It supports Gives you the power to launch full-featured applications with a
most of the security standards and encryption technologies single click from your Web browser. You can now download and
supported by NSS. JSS also provides a pure Java interface for launch applications without going through complicated
ASN.1 types and BER/DER encoding installation procedures (Software) (Sun)

JSS: Javascript Style Sheet JWSDL: Java Web Service Description Language
Provides a standard set of APIs for representing and manipulating
JSSE: Java Secure Socket Extension services described by Web Service Description Language (WSDL)
Is a set of Java packages that enable secure Internet documents (Sun)
communications. It implements a Java version of SSL and TLS
protocols and includes functionality for data encryption, server JWSDP: Java Web Services Developer Pack
authentication, message integrity, and optional client The Java Web Services Developer Pack is an all-in-one download
authentication (Software) (Sun) containing key technologies to simplify building of web services
using the Java 2 Platform (Software) (Sun)
JST: J2ee Standard Tools
Extension to the Eclipse platform with support for building multi- JXTA: JuXTApose
tier J2EE applications (Software) Started as a research project at Sun Microsystems, its goal is to
explore a vision of distributed network computing using peer-to-
JST: Japan Standard Time peer topology, and to develop basic building blocks and services
Timezone: GMT +9:00 that would enable innovative applications for peer groups
JSTL: Jsp Standard Tag Library
JZ: Jump if Zero
JSWDK: JavaServer Web Development Kit
(Software) (Sun)
JTA: Java Transaction Api
(Sun) k: Kilo
Prefix for 10 power 3 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 10)
JTAG: Joint Test Action Group
(Hardware) K&R: Kernighan And Ritchie
"Traditional" or "classic" C language specification, named after its
JTAPI: Java Telephony Application Programming authors, Brian Kerninghan and Dennis Ritchie (Software)
KAM: Keep Alive Memory
(Sun) Page 88 of 185


KAS: Kiva Administrative Server KIPS: Kilo Instruction Per Second

(Software) (Netscape) Processing speed
KB: KeyBoard KIR: Kyocera Image Refinement
(Hardware) (Hardware)

kb: KiloBit KIS: Knowbot Information Service

kB: KiloByte KISS: Keep It Simple, Stupid
1024 bytes
KIT: Keep In Touch
KB: Knowledge Base (Net lingo)
KBC: KeyBoard Connector KIT: Kernel software for Intelligent Terminals
KJS: Kiva Java Server
KBD: KeyBoarD (Software) (Netscape)
KBE: Knowledge Based Engineering KM: Keyboard Monitoring
KBMS: KeyBoard/MouSe KM: Knowledge Management
Connector. It's simply a duplicate of the PS/2 ports and it's used
KMA: Kiss My A**
to connect other devices that use the PS/2 without having to give
up the keyboard and mouse, and also is convenient for things (Net lingo)
that you need to mount internally (Hardware) KML: Keyhole Markup Language
kbps: KiloBits Per Second XML grammar and file format for modeling and storing
Transfer Speed (Communication) geographic features such as points, lines, images, polygons, and
models for display in Google Earth and Google Maps. You can use
kBps: KiloBytes Per Second KML to share places and information with other users
Transfer Speed (Communication)
KMS: Key Management Server
KBS: Knowledge-Based System Mostly used in Microsoft Exchange to issue security certificates
(Security) (Microsoft)
KCC: Knowledge Consistency Checker K
A domain service that creates and modifies the replication KNI: Katmai New Instruction
topology of Active Directory (Network) (Microsoft) (Intel)
KCS: Kansas City Standard KOS: Kill On Site
Recording standard (Hardware) (Games)
KCS: Kiva C++ Server KPA: Key Process Area
(Software) (Netscape) (Software)
KD: Kernel Debugger KPCMS: Kodak Precision Color Management System
(Operating systems) (Software) (Kodak)

KDC: Key Distribution Center KPDL: Kyocera Page Description Language

KDE: K Desktop Environment
KPF: Kerio Personal Firewall
KDS: Knowledge Discovery Server
KDT: Key Definition Table KPI: Kernel Programming Interface
KPI: Key Performance Indicator
KEA: Key Exchange Algorithm
(Security) KQML: Knowledge Query and Manipulation
KEFIR: KEy FIndings Reporter
KRS: Knowledge Retrieval System
KERMIT: Kl-10 Error-free Reciprocal Micro
Interconnect over Tty lines KSAM: Keyed Sequential Access Method
Accessing a flat file using a simple or compound key (Software)
KES: Key Escrow System
KFM: K FIle Manager
KSDS: Keyed Sequential Data Set
KSE: Kernel Scheduled Entitiy
File Format for fax transmission
(Operating systems)
KHG: Kernel Hacking Guide
KSH: Korn SHell
KHz: KiloHertZ
KSN: Key Sequence Number
KI: Key Identifier (Security)
KSPH: KeyStrokes Per Hour
KiB: KibIByte
KSR: Keyboard Send Receive
Unit of measurement, introduced by the International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024 bytes
kVA: Kilo Volt-Ampere
KIF: Knowledge Interchange Format
Electric power measurement unit (Hardware) Page 89 of 185


kVAh: Kilo Volt Ampere Hour LANCE: Local Area Network Controller Ethernet
Electrical energy measurement unit (Hardware)
LANDP: Local Area Network Distributed Platform
KVM: K Virtual Machine
LANE: Local Area Network Emulation
A virtual machine designed from the ground up with the
A set of services and protocols that provide for the emulation of
constraints of inexpensive mobile devices in mind (Sun)
LANs, using ATM as a backbone to allow connectivity among LAN
KVM: Keyboard, Video, Mouse and ATM attached end stations (Network)
(Hardware) LAP: Link Access Procedure
KWIC: Key Word In Context Communication protocol (CCITT X.25) (Network)
A permuted index offering lists of titles, with each of the major LAP: Linux Application Platform
words as the first word, and the remaining words using key words
or phrases LAPB: Link Access Procedure Balanced
KWS: Knowledge Work System
LAP-B: Link Access Procedure-Balanced
KXS: Kiva eXecutive Server
(Software) (Netscape) LAPD: Link Access Procedure-D channel
Communication protocol (Communication)
L LAPM: Link Access Procedure for Modems
L&F: Look & Feel LAPS: Lan Adapter and Protocol Support
LAR: Load Access Rights
L&H: Lernout And Hauspie
LART: Luser Attitude Readjustment Tool
L1: Level 1
LASER: Light Amplification by the Stimulated
Emission of Radiation
L2: Level 2
LASS: Local Area Signaling Service
L2CAP: Logical Link Control and Adaptation Protocol
LASTport: Local Area Storage TransPORT K
Protocol (DEC)
L2F: Layer 2 Forwarding
(Network) (Cisco)
LAT: Local Access Terminal L
LAT: Local Address Table
L2TP: Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol
A table containing the IP address range that is inside a firewalled
(Network) network (Network) (Microsoft)
LA: Limited Availability LAT: Local Area Transport
LAC: L2tp Access Concentrator (Network)
Device attached to the switched network or located on an end LATA: Local Access and Transport Area
system supporting L2TP to pass PPP traffic (Network)
Local telephone company's geographical area (Communication)
LACP: Link Aggregation Control Protocol
LATM: Local Asynchronous Transfer Mode
Part of an IEEE specification (802.3ad) that allows to bundle
several physical ports together to form a single logical channel LAVC: Local Area Vax Cluster
LAWN: Local Area Wireless Network
LADDR: LAyered Device DRiver
LB: Local Bus
Bus architecture (Hardware)
LADT: Local Access Data Transport
LBA: Logical Block Addressing
LAF: Look And Feel
LALL: Longest Allowed Lobe Length LBM: Local Bus Master

LAM: Local Area Multicomputer LBOT: Logical Beginning of Tape

LAME: Lame Ain't an Mp3 Encoder
LBR: LiBraRian

LAMP: Linux, Apache, Mysql, Perl (or Php or Phyton) LBT: Listen Before Talk
Web applications platform (Software) LBT: Local Bus Targets
LAN: Local Access Network LBX: Local Bus Accelerator
LAN: Local Area Network LBX: Low-Band with X
Data communications network connecting computers and related
LC: Liquid Crystal
equipment, usually over an area not greater than 10 km (Network)
LANACS: Local Area Network Asynchronous
Connection Server LCA: Life-Cycle Assessment

LANAID: LAN Adapter Installation and Diagnostic LCA: Logic Cell Array
(Network) Page 90 of 185


LCA: Lotus Communications Architecture LDA: Logical Device Address

LDAP: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
LCC: Leadless Chip Carrier A standardized TCP/IP protocol for access to a central X.500-
(Hardware) based directory that is shared by many different services. Many
vendors plan to use LDAP to access policy information stored on
LCCM: LanClient Control Manager third-party directories (Network)
LDC: Lotus Development Corporation
LCD: Liquid Crystal Display
LDCM: LanDesk Client Manager
LDDM: Longhorn Display Driver Model
LCD: Loss of Cell Delineation
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
LCD: Lowest Common Denominator
LDDS: Long Distance Discount Services
LCDUI: Liquid Crystal Display User Interface
LDGW: Lotus Domino Go Webserver
(Software) (IBM)
LCE: Link Control Entity
LDI: Lvds Digital Interface
LCF: Lightweight Client Framework
LDIF: Ldap Data Interchange Format
LCF: Low Cost Fiber File format suitable for describing directory information or
modifications made to directory information. It is typically used
Lch: Luminance Chrominance Hue to import and export directory information between LDAP servers
Color model (Hardware) or to describe a set of changes to be applied to a directory
LCI: Lan Connect Interface
(Hardware) LDM: Logical Disk Manager
LCID: Language Code IDentifier LDM: Long Distance Modem
LCID: LoCale IDentifier LDML: Locale Data Markup Language
LCK: Library Construction Kit
(Microsoft) LDMS: LanDesk Management Suite L
LCM: Landesk Configuration Manager LDP: Label Distribution Protocol
(Operating systems) (Intel) A fundamental concept in Multi Protocol Label Switching is that
two Label Switching Routers must agree on the meaning of the
LCM: Leaf Creation Method labels used to forward traffic between and through them
LCM: Life-Cycle Management (Network)
(Software) LDP: Linux Document Project
LCN: Logical Cluster Number LDP: Loader Debugger Protocol
(Operating systems)
LDT: Lightning Data Transport
LCOS: Liquid Crystal On Silicon (Hardware) (AMD)
LDT: Local Descriptor Table
LCP: Link Control Protocol
LE: Less than or Equal
Part of the point-to-point protocol (PPP) to establish, configure,
and test data link connections (Network)
LCR: Least Cost Routing LE: Light Edition
LCR: Line Control Register LE: Limited Edition
LCS: Laboratory for Computer Science
MIT's department
LEA: Load Effective Address

LCS: Lotus Communication Server LEAD: Live Early Adoption and Demonstration

LCSD: Laminate Chip Signal Diode LEAF: Law Enforcement Access Field

LCT: Last Compliance Time LEAP: Lightweight Extensible Authentication

LCU: Last Cluster Used (Cisco)
LD: Laser Disc LEAS: Lata Equal Access System
LEC: Lan Emulation Client
LD: Link Dead (Network)
When a link between two points goes dead (disconnects) (Net
lingo) LEC: Layered Error Correction

LD: LoaD LEC: Local Exchange Carrier

Same as MOV (move). The Zilog Z80, for instance, used LD as Local telephone company such as Pacific Bell, Southwestern Bell,
the assembler opcode for what Intel called MOV (move) because Bell Atlantic, etc. (Communication)
of copyright issues (machine code was the same) (Software) Page 91 of 185


LECS: Lan Emulation Configuration Server LI: List Item

See also LES (Network) HTML Tag
LED: Light Emitting Diode LIAS: Library Information Access System
LIB: LIBrary
LEL: Link, Embed and Launch-to-edit File name extension
LIC: Licensed Internal Code
LEM: Language Extension Module
LIC: Line Interface Coupler
LEN: Low Entry Networking (IBM)
LEO: Low Earth Orbit LICS: Lotus International Character Set
LEOT: Logical End Of Tape LIDE: Light emitting diode In-Direct Exposure
(Hardware) Scanner technology (Hardware) (Canon)
LEP: Light Emitting Polymer LIDT: Load Interrupt Descriptor Table
LIEP: Large Internet Exchange Packet
LER: Label Edge Router (Novell)
LIF: Low Insertion Force
LES: Lan Emulation Server
LIFE: Logistics Interface For manufacturing
(Network) Environment
LES: Language Engineering Services LIFO: Last In First Out
LET: Leaving Early Today (Hardware)
(Net lingo) LILO: Last In Last Out
LEX: LEXicon (Hardware)

LF: Line Feed LILO: LInux LOader

An instruction to a certain computer or printer to move down one LIM: Lotus/Intel/Microsoft
line, without moving the cursor or print head. Also used as a
terminator LIMA: Lotus/Intel/Microsoft/Ast L
LF: Login Facility LIMDO: Light Intensity Modulation Direct Overwrite
LFAP: Lightweight Flow Admission Protocol LIMM: Light Intensity Modulation Method
LFH: Low Force Helix LIMOS: Laser Intensity MOdulation System
Connector pin type (Hardware)
LIMS: Library Information Management System
LFI: Last File Indicator
LIP: Large Internet Packet
LFM: Log File Monitor
LIPS: Lightweight Internet Person Schema
LFN: Long FileName
LIPS: Logical Inferences Per Second
LFR: Logical Forms Recognition
LIPS: Logical Instruction Per Second
Processing Speed
LFS: Linux From Scratch
LIR: Local Internet Registry
Project that provides you with the steps necessary to build your
own custom Linux system
LFSR: Linear-Feedback Shift Register LIS: Library and Information Science

LFT: Low Function Terminal LIS: Logical Ip Subnet

(IBM) LISC: Local Interconnection Service Center
LFU: Least Frequently Used (Communication)

LGA: Land Grid Array LISP: LISt Processor

Integrated circuit (IC) packaging that uses small flat contacts Programming language (Software)
versus pins (Hardware) LITHP: LInk Type description language for
LGA: Leadless Grid Array HyperText Processing
Integrated circuit (IC) packaging. Synonym of Land Grid Array LIU: Lan Interface Unit
LIW: Long Instruction Word
LGDT: Load Global Descriptor Table (Hardware)
LGPL: Lesser General Public License LK: LocK
An evolution of the Library General Public License (GNU)
Lock file (Operating systems)
LGPL: Library General Public License LKG: Last Known Good
(GNU) (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
LGX: Linux/Gnu/X LLB: Local Location Broker Page 92 of 185


LLC: Logical Link Control LMU: Lan Manager for Unix

Token Ring link protocol (IEEE 802.2) (Network)
LN: Load Number
LLDP: Link Layer Discovery Protocol
LN: Logarithm Natural
A vendor-neutral Layer 2 protocol that allows a network device to
Base e
advertise its identity and capabilities on the local network
(Network) LN:DI: Lotus Notes:Document Imaging
LLDT: Load Local Descriptor Table LNBF: Low-Noise Block receiving horns with
LLF: Low Level Format integrated Feeds
LLL: Low-Level Language
File name extension
LLN: Line Link Network
LNP: Local Number Portability
LLNL: Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (Communication)
LNS: L2tp Network Server
LM: Lan Manager Maintains L2TP sessions with whatever is connected to the LAC
(Network) (IBM) (Network)
LM: License Manager LO: helLO
LM: Link Manager (Net lingo)

LM/X: Lan Manager for uniX LOB: Large OBject

LMA: Lightspeed Memory Architecture
(Hardware) (nVidia) LOB: Line-Of-Business

LMAO: Laughing My A** Off LOB: Low-Order Byte

(Net lingo) LOC: Lines Of Code
LMB: Left Mouse Button LOC: Loop Online Control
LMB: Local Master Browser LOCIS: Library Of Congress Information System
LOD: Level Of Detail
LMBCS: Lotus Multi-Byte Character Set
LODSB: LOaD String Byte
LOF: Loss of Frame
LMD: Last Modification Date
LMDS: Local Multipoint Distribution System
LOFS: LOopback File System
A file system type that lets the user create a new virtual file
LME: Layer Management Entity system. The user can access files using an alternative path name
(Operating systems)
LMFAO: Laughing My F***ing A** Off
(Net lingo) LOG: LOGarithm
Base 10
LMI: Link Management Interface
LOGML: LOG Markup Language
LMI: Local Management Interface
XML application designed to describe log reports of web servers
LMK: Let Me Know LOL: Laughing Out Loud
(Net lingo)
(Net lingo)
LMKHIW: Let Me Know How It Works LOL: Lots Of Love
When sending data to someone that should fix a problem. (Net
(Net lingo)
LOL: Lots Of Love
LMM: Logical Memory Manager
(Net lingo)
(Databases) (Sybase)
LOM: Lan On Motherboard
LMOS: Leave Mail On Server
This is a network device that is built onto the motherboard (or
LMP: Link Manager Protocol baseboard) of the machine (Hardware)

LMS: Lan Management Solution LOM: Lights Out Management

(Software) (Cisco) Synonym for Out Of Band (OOB) management

LMS: Learning Management System LON: Lan On Notebook

LMS: Library Management System
LON: Local Operating Network
LMS: Lotus Messaging Switch
(Lotus) LOOPE: LOOP while Equal
LMSW: Load Machine Status Word LOOPNE: LOOP while Not Equal
LMU: Lan Management Utilities LOOPNZ: LOOP while Not Zero
(IBM) Page 93 of 185


LOOPS: Lisp Object Oriented Programming System LPRA: Low Power Register Array
LOOPZ: LOOP while Zero
lps: Lines Per Second
LOP: Loss of Pointer
Printing speed (Hardware)
LORE: Line Oriented Editor
LPS: Low Power Schottky
LOS: Loss of Signal (Hardware)
LPT: Line PrinTer
LOTOS: Language Of Temporal Order Specification (Hardware)
LOV: List Of Values LPWA: Lucent Personalized Web Assistant
LP: Linear Programming Anonymous web browsing service

LP: Logical Partition LPX: Low Profile Extended

Motherboard format (Hardware)
LPAR: Logic Programming and Automated
Reasoning LQ: Letter Quality
LPAR: Logical PARtition LQM: Link Quality Monitoring
(Operating systems) (IBM) LR: Link Register
LPB: Local Peripheral Bus LR: Logical Record
LPB: Low Ping Bastard LRC: Local Register Cache
Network multiplayer games attribute (Software)
LRC: Longitudinal Redundancy Check
LPC: Lightweight Procedure Call
LRF: Little Rubber Feet
Support devices for computer cases and other equipments
LPC: Linear Predictive Coding (Hardware)
LPC: Local Procedure Call LRL: Least Recently Loaded
LPC: Low Pin Count LRM: Language Reference Manual
LRM: Least Recently used Master L
LPCM: Linear Pulse Code Modulation
LRMP: Lightweight Reliable Multicast Protocol
LPD: Line Printer Daemon
LRPC: Lightweight Remote Procedure Call
LPDP: Line Printer Daemon Protocol (Software)
LPDU: Logical Protocol Data Unit LRS: Language ReSource
LPF: League for Programming Freedom File name extension

lpi: Lines Per Inch LRS: Line Repeater Station

LPI: Linux Professional Insitute LRSN: Log Record Sequence Number

Serves the community of Linux and open source software users (Databases)
vendors and developers, in the interest of increasing and LRU: Least Recently Used
supporting professional use of such software throughout world.
See also (Organizations) LS: Laser Servo
(Hardware) (Compaq)
LPL: Logical Page List
(Databases) LS: Library Server
LPL: Lotus Programming Language LS: License Server
LS: Login Server
lpm: Lines Per Minute (Security)
Printing speed (Hardware)
LSA: Lan and Scsi Adapter
LPM: Logical Process Manager (IBM)
(Databases) (Sybase)
LSA: Line Sharing Adapter
LPN: Logical Page Number
LSA: Link State Advertisement
LPP: Land Pre-Pits (Network)
Addressing aid in writing DVD-R (Hardware)
LSA: Local Security Authority
LPP: Licensed Program Product The Local Security Authority is the service provided to manage
local security, domain authentication, and Active Directory
LPPL: Latex Project Public License processes. The Security Accounts Manager, Net Logon and
See Protected Storage services run within the context of lsass.exe
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
LPR: Line PRinter
LSAPI: License Services Application Programming
LPR: Line Printer Remote
Interface Page 94 of 185


LSAS: Local Security Authentication Server LTR: Load Task Register

Verifies validity of user logons to PC/Server. (Operating systems)
LTS: Leaning Toothpick Syndrome
Expresses readability in PERL regular expressions (Software)
LSASS: Local Security Authority Subsystem Service
LTSS: Long Term Station Statistics
Provides an interface for managing local security, domain
authentication, and Active Directory processes. The Security LU: Logical Unit
Accounts Manager, Net Logon and Protected Storage services are
components of LSA (Security) (Microsoft) LU6.2: Logical Unit 6.2
LSB: Least Significant Bit (or Byte) LUA: Logical Unit Application
LSC: Least Significant Character LUG: Linux User Group
LSD: Least Significant Digit LUG: Local Users Group
LSE: Language Sensitive Editor LUI: Local User Input
LSI: Large Scale of Integration LUIS: Library User Information Service
IC manufacturing integration level: it's the process of placing LUN: Logical Unit Number
from 3,000 to 100,000 transistors on one chip (Hardware)
SCSI subaddressing (Hardware)
LSL: Link Support Layer
LUNI: Lane User Network Interface
LSL: Load Segment Limit
LUS: LookUp Service
LSMS: Lucent Security Management Server Provides the functionality to discover and register services
(Lucent) (Software)

LSN: Log Sequence Number LUT: LookUp Table

LSN: Logical Sector Number LUW: Logical Unit of Work
LSNP: Loop Service with Number Portability LV: Logical Volume
(Communication) (IBM)

LSP: Label Switched Path LV: Low Voltage

LSP: License Service Provider L
An Netware Loadable Module (NLM) that responds to requests LVCS: Logility Value Chain Solution
from NetWare Licensing Services (NLS) clients and licensing (Software)
service managers for licensing information or license units
(Novell) LVD: Low Voltage Differential
LSR: Label Switched Router
in MPLS, LSRs function to read the incoming label, remove it, and LVDS: Low Voltage Differential Signalling
then based on its FEC, append a new Label to it (Network) (Hardware)

LSR: Link State Routing LVM: Logical Volume Manager

Provides a higher-level view of the disk storage on a computer
LST: Linux Support Team
system than the traditional view of disks and partitions. This
LST: LiST gives the system administrator much more flexibility in allocating
File name extension storage to applications and users (Operating systems)

LT: Less Than LVM: Low Voltage Differential Signaling

LT: Local Team LVQ: Learning Vector Quantization
As in Rational ClearCase LT (Software) (Rational) LW: Lazy Write
LTC: Longitudinal Time Code LW: Length Width
LTE: Line Terminating Equipment LWP: LightWeight Process
LTF: Leap To Frogans A class of processes that share resources with each other and
therefore use fewer resources than ordinary processes (Operating
See (Software) systems)
LTNS: Long Time No See LWP: Lotus WordPro
(Net lingo) File format for documents
LTO: Linear Tape Open LWT: Lightweight Windowing Toolkit
LY: Love You
LTO: Locate-To-Order (Net lingo)
LTP: Long Term Predictor LYL: Love Ya Lots
LTPS: Low-Temperature PolySilicon (Net lingo)
(Hardware) LYLAB: Love Ya Like A Brother
LTR: Left-To-Right (Net lingo)

LTR: LeTteR LYLAS: Love Ya Like A Sister

(Net lingo) Page 95 of 185


LZ: Landing Zone MAD: Mpeg Audio Decoder

(Hardware) (Software)
LZ: Lempel-Ziv MADCAP: Multicast Address Dynamic Client
Allocation Protocol
LZH: Lempel-Ziv-Haruyasu
Protocol that allows hosts to request multicast address allocation
Compression algorithm derived from the LZSS scheme with a
services from multicast address allocation servers. This protocol
sliding window and additional compression applied to the output
is part of the Multicast Address Allocation Architecture being
of the LZSS compressor by dynamic Huffman coding (Software)
defined by the Multicast Address Allocation Working Group
LZMA: Lempel-Ziv Modified Algorithm (Communication)
Compression algorithm (Software) MADD: Multiply-ADD
LZS: Lempel-Ziv-Stac CPU instruction type
Compression algorithm (Software) MADE: Manufacturing and Automated Design
LZSS: Lempel-Ziv-Storer-Szymanski Engineering
Compression algorithm (Software) MADYMO: MAthematical DYnamic MOdeling
LZW: Lempel-Ziv-Welch MAE: Macintosh Application Environment
Compression algorithm (Software)
MAE: Merit Access Exchange
LZX: Lempel-Ziv eXtended
MAE: Metropolitan Area Exchange
Compression algorithm (Software)
maen: Morning Afternoon Evening Night
M "Good maen" is used as a universal greeting on the Internet to
wish good morning, good afternoon, good evening or good night,
M: Mega all rolled into one (Net lingo)
Prefix for 10 power 6 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 20)
MAGIC: Multi-dimensional Applications Gigabit
m: Milli Internetworking Consortium
Prefix for 10 power -3 (Organizations)

M4IF: Mpeg-4 Industry Forum MAGMA: Minimal Architecture for Generalized

See (Organizations) Markup Applications
MA: Migration Agent mAh: MilliAmpere per Hour L
(Communication) (Novell) MAI: Multiple Applications Interface
mA: Milliampere MAJC: Microprocessor Architecture for Java
MAB: Multi-Architecture Binary Computing
(Software) (Sun)

MABO: Multiplier-Arithmetic BOlton MAM: Memory Allocation Map

MAC: MACro MAME: Multi-Arcade Machine Emulator

File name extension MAN: MANual
MAC: Mandatory Access Control File name extension
(Security) MAN: Metropolitan Area Network
MAC: Media Access Control Between a LAN and WAN in size and scope (Network)
(Network) MANIAC: Mathematical Analyzer Numerical
MAC: Message Authentication Code Integrator And Computer
(Security) MAO: Machine Account Object
MAC: Move, Add, Change (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
Abbreviation for a specific task request (Network) MAOS: Multiple Application Operating System
MAC: Multiple Access Computers (Operating systems)

MAC: Multiplexed Analog Component MAP: Maintenance Analysis Procedures

A color standard that transmits three color components in time- MAP: Management and Administration Platform
compressed serial analog form (Hardware)
MAP: Manufacturing Automation Protocol
MAC: Multiply ACcumulate
CPU instruction type MAP: Migration Assistance Program

MACH: Multilayer ACtuator Head MAP: Mobile Application Part

(Epson) Adds functionality for mobile text applications to the Public Land
Mobile Network (PLMN). MAP handles numerous services for text
MACS: Mail order And Catalog System messaging to and from mobile terminals, for example Short
Message Service Centres in GSM Networks
MACS: Modem Access Control System
MAP/TOP: Manufacturing Automation Protocol
MAD: Microsoft Active Directory Technical Office Protocol
(Network) (Microsoft)
MAPE: Mean Absolute Percentage Error Page 96 of 185


MAPI: Messaging Application Programming MB: MotherBoard

Interface (Hardware)
MBASIC: Microsoft Beginners All-purpose Symbolic
MAPICS: Manufacturing, Accounting and Production Instruction Code
Information Control System (Microsoft)
MBCS: Multi-Byte Character Set
MAPOS: Multiple Access Protocol Over Sonet/sdh
MbD: Management by Delegation
MAPP: Microsoft Active Protections Program
MBGP: Multicast Border Gateway Protocol
To improve security protections for customers, Microsoft provides
Based on RFC 2283 (Multiprotocol Extensions for BGP-4), it offers
vulnerability information to major security software providers in
a method for providers to distinguish which prefixes they will use
advance of each monthly security update release (Operating
for performing multicast reverse path forwarding (RPF) checks
systems) (Microsoft)
MAPS: Mail Abuse Prevention System
MBO: Management By Objectives
MAPS: Mcis Administration and Provisioning Service
MBONE: Multicast backBONE
MAR: Memory Address Register
Mbps: MegaBits Per Second
Transfer speed (Communication)
MARC: MAchine Readable Cataloging
MBps: MegaBytes Per Second
MARC: Multitechnology Automated Reader Card Transfer Speed (Communication)
MARS: Multicast Address Resolution Server MBQ: Message-Based Queueing
MBR: Master Boot Record
MARVEL: Machine-Assisted Realization of the
MBS: Maximum Burst Size
Virtual Electronic Library
MBSA: Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer
MAS: Microsoft Authorized Support
Scans for missing hotfixes and vulnerabilities in some Microsoft
(Microsoft) products (Security) (Microsoft)
MAS: Multi-Agent System MBX: MailBoX
MC: Model Coordinates
MASM: Macro ASseMbler The coordinate system used for describing a single object (a
(Software) (Microsoft) graphics entity). When each object is described in its own model
coordinate space, all are mapped to one world coordinate space
MASS: Maximum Availability and Support
Subsystem MCA: Merchant Certification Authority
erchant Certification Authority
MAT: Maintenance Access Terminal
MCA: Micro Channel Architecture
MathML: MATHematical Markup Language
Bus architecture (Hardware) (IBM)
XML application for describing mathematical notation and
capturing both its structure and content. The goal of MathML is to MCAD: Mechanical Computer-Aided Design
enable mathematics to be served, received, and processed on the A specialized computer graphics program for the design of
Web, just as HTML has enabled this functionality for text mechanical structures, such as automobiles, airplanes, and their
MAU: Media Attachment Unit parts (Software)
(Network) MCAD: Microsoft Certified Application Developer
MAU: Multistation Access Unit Mid-level certification for professional developers who build
powerful applications using Microsoft Visual Studio .NET and Web
services (Microsoft)
MAVDM: Multiple Application Virtual Dos Machine
MCAV: Modified Constant Angular Velocity
MAVICA: MAgnetic VIdeo CAmera
MCB: Memory Control Block
(Hardware) (Sony)
MCBF: Mean Cycle Between Failure
MAW: Microsoft At Work
MCC: Manchester Code Converter
MAX: MAssively parallel uniX
MCC: Manchester Computing Centre
MAX: MAXimum
MCC: Memory Controller Chip
MAXML: Multichannel Accessible eXtensible Markup
MCDBA: Microsoft Certified DataBase Administrator
MB: Medium Business
Mb: MegaBit
MCF: Meta-Content Framework
MB: MegaByte (Netscape)
1024 kilobytes
MCGA: MultiColor Graphic Adapter
(Hardware) Page 97 of 185


MCGAM: Mixer Conformant Global Address Mapping MCTS: Microsoft Certified Technology Specialist
(Network) (Microsoft)
MCH: Memory Controller Hub MCU: MicroController Unit
MCU: Multi-Chip Unit
MCI: Media Control Interface (DEC)
MCI: Microwave Communications, Inc. MCU: Multipoint Control Unit
Now MCI Communications corporation
MD: Make Directory
MCIS: Microsoft Commercial Internet System MD: Message Digest
(Network) (Microsoft)
MCL: Microsoft Compatibility Labs
MD: MicroDrive
(Hardware) (IBM)
MCL: Much Clown Love
MD: Mini Disk
Used by icp fans also known as juggalos (Net lingo)
MCM: MultiChip Module
MD: Monochrome Display
MCN: Metropolitan Campus Network
MD5: Message Digest 5
MCNE: Master Certified Novell Engineer Cryptographically strong message digest, see RFC 1321
(Novell) ( (Security)

MCNS: Multimedia Cable Network System MDA: Mail Delivery Agent

(Hardware) (Cisco) One of the programs that handle email (see also MTA and MUA)
MCP: Master Control Program
MDA: Market Development Agreement
MCP: Media and Communications Processor
MDA: Medicated Digest Authentication

MCP: Message Content Protection MDA: Model Driven Architecture

Standards-based approach to system development
MCP: Microsoft Certified Professional MDA: Monochrome Display Adapter
(Microsoft) (Hardware)

MCP: Multiport Communication Processor MDA: MultiDimensional Analysis M

MCP: Myrinet Control Program MDAC: Microsoft Data Access Component
(Databases) (Microsoft)
MCP/AS: Master Control Program/Advanced System MDB: Message-Driven Bean
MCPC: Multi Channel Per Carrier
MDB: Microsoft DataBase
MC-PGA: Metallized Ceramic - Pin Grid Array File format (Databases) (Microsoft)
IC pins organization
MDB: Multiple-Device Boot
MCPS: Microsoft Certified Product Specialist A diskette used to boot from a CD-ROM or from a network
(Microsoft) (Operating systems)
MC-QFP: Metalized Ceramic - Pin Grid Array MDBE: Microsoft DataBase Engine
MCR: Maximum Cell Rate (Databases) (Microsoft)

MCR: Modem Control Register MDBMS: Multidimensional DataBase Management

M-CRM: Mobile Customer Relationship Management (Databases)
MCS: Material Control System MDD: Multidimensional Discrete Data
MCS: Multichannel Communications System (Databases)

MCSA: Microsoft Certified System Administrator MDF: Main Distribution Frame

(Microsoft) (Network)

MCSD: Microsoft Certified Solution Developer MDF: Master Data File

(Microsoft) MDF: Menu Definition File
MCSE: Microsoft Certified System Engineer File name extension
(Microsoft) MDFE: Multilevel Decision Feedback Equalization
MCSP: Microsoft Certified Solution Provider (Hardware)
(Microsoft) MDI: Medium Dependent Interface
MCT: Microsoft Certified Trainer MDI: Memory Display Interface
MDI: Multiple Document Interface
(Microsoft) Page 98 of 185


MDI: Multiplex Device Interface MEB: Memory Expansion Board

MDIC: Manchester Decoder and Interface Chip MED: Management of External Data
(AT&T) (Databases)

MDIS: MetaData Interchange Specification MED: Minimum Expected Delay

MDK: Multimedia Developers Kit MEDAPE: MEDium Absolute Percentage Error
MEF: Message Exchange Format
MDL: Method Definition Language (Network)
MDL: Microstation Development Language MEL: Mercury Exchange Limited
MDLP: Mobile Data Link Protocol MEL: Michigan Electronic Library
MDLS: Member Digital Library Subscription MEL: Multos Executable Language
MDM: Machine Debug Manager MEM: MEMory
MDM: Media Device Manager MEMO: Multimedia Environment for MObiles
MDM: Membership DIrectory Manager MEMS: Micro ElectroMechanical System
(Microsoft) (Hardware) (TI)
MDMF: Multiple Data Message Format MEO: Medium Earth Orbit
Format used to send Caller ID information (Communication)
MERCI: Multimedia European Research
MDN: Message Disposition Notification Conferencing Integration
MDPM: Multilevel Distributed Process Modeling MERS: Most Economic Route Selection
MDR: Memory Data Register MERVA: Message Entry and Routing with Interfaces
(Hardware) to Various Applications
IBM connectivity to SWIFT network (Network) (IBM)
MDR: MetaData Repository
MES: Manufacturing Execution System
MDR: MicroDesign Resources
MES: Mobile Entertainment Service
MDR: Minimum Design Requirement
Nokia's platform that allows developers to create interactive
MDRAM: Multi-bank Dynamic Random Access games for WAP (Software) (Nokia)
Memory MESI: Modified, Exclusive, Shared and Invalid M
MEST: Middle European Summer Time
MDRC: Manufacturing Design Rule Checker Timezone: GMT +1:00
MDS: Macintosh Development System MET: Memory Enhancement Technology
(Software) (Apple)
MDS: Manufacturing Design System MET: Middle European Time
MDS: Meta Data Service Timezone: GMT +1:00
MEWT: Middle European Winter Time
MDS: Metacomputing Directory Service Timezone: GMT +1:00
MDS: Microprocessor Development System MF: Multi Frequency
(Software) MFC: Microsoft Foundation Classes
MDSM: MultiDimensional Storage Manager (Software) (Microsoft)
(Databases) (IBM) MFC: MultiFunction Center
MDT: Mechanical DeskTop (Hardware)
MDT: Mobile Data Terminal MFC&T: Microsoft Foundation Classes & Templates
Generic term for 1st generation wireless terminal connected to (Software) (Microsoft)
host computer via radio network (Hardware) (Motorola)
MFD: MultiFunction Device
MDT: Mountain Daylight Time (Hardware)
Timezone: GMT -7:00
MFENET: Magnetic Fusion Energy NETwork
MDTE: Male Data Terminal Equipment
MFFS: Microsoft Flash File System
RS-232 adapter (Hardware)
MDX: MultiDimensional eXpression
MFI: MainFrame Interactive
MFI: Multifunction Interpreter
MDY: Month Day Year
MFIOP: MultiFunction Input/Output Processor
ME: Millenium Edition
Windows version (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
ME: Motion Estimation Page 99 of 185


MFLOPS: Million Floating point Operation Per MHPCC: Maui High Performance Computing Center
MHS: Message Handling System
A unit of measure of execution speed that rates the oating-point
performance of a computer MHz: MegaHertZ
MFM: Modified Frequency Modulation MI: Management Interface
A unit of measure of execution speed that rates the floating-point
MI: Multiple Inheritance
performance of a computer (Hardware)
MFN: Main Frogans Network
MI/MIC: Mode Indicate/Mode Indicate Common
See (Software)
MIA: Mobile Internet Access
MFP: MultiFunction Printer
(Hardware) MIB: Management Information Base
MFPI: MultiFunction Peripheral Interface MiB: MebIByte
Unit of measurement, introduced by the International
MFR: Multilink Frame Relay
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024 kiB
MIB: Multimedia Integration Box
MFS: Macintosh File System
(Operating systems) (Apple)
MIC: Macro Interpretative Command
MFS: Magnetic tape Field Search
MIC: Market Intelligence Center
MFS: Memory File System
MIC: Media Interface Connector
MFS: Message Format Service
MIC: Message Integrity Check
MFS: Modified Filing System
(Operating systems) MICE: Modular Integrated Communications
MFT: Master File Table
Table containing NT's file system structure (Operating systems) MICR: Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
(Microsoft) MICS: Macro Interpretive Commands
MFT: Mean Field Theory MID: Message IDentifier
MFT: Multiprogramming with a Fixed number of MID: Mobile Information Device
MFTP: Multicast File Transfer Protocol
MIDAS: Multi-tIer Distributed Application Service
MFU: Most Frequently Used (Borland)
MGA: Matrox Graphics Adapter MIDI: Musical Instrument Digital Interface
A note-oriented control language for specifying music. MIDI data
MGA: Monochrome Graphics Adapter
consists of codes specifying notes and timing. These codes can be
(Hardware) generated by or output to MIDI-compatible devices, such as
MGC: Media Gateway Controller keyboards or synthesizers (Hardware)
Provides a single management platform for fault, configuration, MIDL: Microsoft Interface Definition Language
performance and security management. It manages the Cisco (Microsoft)
PGW 2200 PSTN Gateway and the Cisco SC2200 Signaling
Controller. Cisco MGC Node Manager integrates access to all MIDP: Mobile Information Device Profile
signaling components (Software) (Cisco) Is a set of Java APIs which, together with the Connected Limited
Device Configuration (CLDC), provides a complete J2METM
MGCP: Media Gateway Control Protocol
application runtime environment targeted at mobile information
Controls (trunks) gateways interconnected with the Public devices, such as mobile phones and entry level PDAs (Sun)
Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) with packet networks and
controls (residential) gateways that function as network MIE: Mobile Internet Explorer
interfaces for customer premise located equipment (Software) (Microsoft)
MIF: Maker Interchange Format
MGDI: Multiplatform Graphics Device Interface (Adobe)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
MIF: Management Information File
MGE: Modular Gis Environment
MIF: Management Information Format
MGET: Multiple GET
MIF: Minimum Internetworking Functionality
MGML: Minimal Generalized Markup Language
MIF: Module Interconnection Facility
MGR: ManaGeR
MIFST: Microsoft Internet Finance Server Toolkit
MH: Modified Huffman (Network) (Microsoft)
MHDL: Mimic Hardware Description Language MIG: Media Interoperability Gateway
MHEG: Multimedia and Hypermedia information MIG: Metal In Gap
coding Expert Group
MHP: Managed Hosting Provider Page 100 of 185


MII: Media-Independent Interface MJD: Modified Julian Date

A 40-pin miniature-D connector that provides the electrical
MKDIR: MaKe DIRectory
interface between some Sun systems and 10BASE-T or 100BASE-
T Ethernet network transceivers (Hardware) (Sun) MKS: Mortice Kern Systems
MII: Microsoft/IBM/Intel ML: Machine Language
MIL: Machine Interface Layer ML: Meta Language
MILNET: MILitary NETwork (Software)
Originally part of the ARPANET, MILNET was partitioned in 1984 MLA: Multi-Letter Abbreviation
to provide military installations with reliable network service, Used in comedy along with TLA
while the ARPANET continued to be used for research (Network)
MLAPI: MultiLingual Application Programming
MIM: Map Image Metafile
MIM: Metal-Insulator-Metal
MLC: MultiLayer Ceramic
MLC: MultiLevel Cell
MIMD: Multiple Instruction Multiple Data
Memory technology (Hardware)
MIME: Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
MLE: Multi Language Environment
MLE: MultiLine Editor
MIMO: Multiple-Input Multiple-Output
(Communication) MLE: MultiLine Entry field
MIN: MINimum MLI: Multiple Link Interface
MIN: Mobile Identification Number MLID: MultiLink Interface Driver
MIND: Microsoft INternet Developer MLM: Mailing List Manager
Microsoft magazine for Web developers (Microsoft) MLP: Meridian Lossless Packing
MinLSN: MINimum recovery Log Sequence Number MLPPP: MultiLink Point-to-Point Protocol
(Databases) (Communication)
MINT: Mint Is Not Tos MLS: MultiLevel Secure
MINUET: Minnesota INternet Users Essential Tools MLT: Mechanized Line Test
MINX: Multimedia Information Network eXchange Determines obvious line errors or loop lenght indications
MIO: Memory Input/Output
MM: Management Module
MIP: Mixed Integer Programming
MM: MicroMiniature
MIP: Mobile Internet Protocol (Hardware)
MM: Mobile Management
MIPS: Microprocessor without Interlocked Piped
Stages MM: MultiMedia

MIPS: Million Instructions Per Second MMA: Microcomputer Managers Association

A unit of measure of execution speed that rates the performance MMA: Midi Manufacturer Association
of a computer CPU
MMAPI: Mobile Media Application Programming
MIR: Micro-Instruction Register Interface
MIS: Management Information System MMC: Matched Memory Cycle
MIS: Mobile Information Server MMC: Microcomputer Marketing Council
(Software) (Microsoft)
MMC: Microsoft Management Console
MIS: Multimedia Information Sources (Microsoft)
MISC: MISCellaneous MMC: Microsoft Media Console
MISD: Multiple Instruction Single Data (Microsoft)

MISF: Microsoft Information Security Framework MMC: MultiMedia Card

(Microsoft) (Hardware)

MIT: Massachusetts Institute of Technology MMC: MultiMedia Commands

MITACS: Mathematics of Information Technology MMCD: MultiMedia Compact Disk
and Complex Systems (Hardware)
(Organizations) MMCD-E: MultiMedia Compact Disk-Erasable
MIX: Member Information eXchange MMCX: MultiMedia Communication Exchange
MIXER: Mime Internet X.400 Enhanced Relay MMDS: Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service
(Network) (Communication)
MJ: Modular Jack Page 101 of 185


MMF: Make Money Fast MO: Magneto-Optical

(Net lingo) (Hardware)
MMF: Multi Mode Fiber MO: Managment Object
MO:DCA: Mixed Object Document Content
MMF: MultiMedia File Architecture
Filename extension MOB: Memory-Order Buffer
MMG: Massively Multiplayer Game MOC: Microsoft Official Curriculum
MMI: Man-Machine Interface (Microsoft)

MMIS: Materials Manager Information System MOCA: Microsoft Online Crash Analysis
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
MML: Maker Macro Language
MOD: Magneto-Optical Disk
MML: Music Markup Language
MOD: Microsoft Office 2000 Developer
MMM: Mobile Media Mode
(Software) (Microsoft)
MMO: Mobile MOdule
MOD: MODulus
(Hardware) (Intel)
Reminder of the integer division
MMOD: Male MODem
MODEM: MOdulator/DEModulator
Modem adapter (Hardware) (Cisco)
MOF: Managed Object Format
MMOG: Massively Multiplayer Online Game
MOF: Meta-Object Facility
MMORPG: Massive Multiplayer Online Role Playing
Standard interfaces that can be used to define and manipulate a
set of interoperable metamodels and their corresponding models
MOF: Microsoft Operations Framework
MMPM: MultiMedia Presentation Manager
Provides technical guidance that enables organizations to achieve
MMPM/2: MultiMedia Presentation Manager 2 mission-critical system reliability, availability, supportability, and
manageability of Microsoft products and technologies (Microsoft)
MMR: Modified Modified Read
MOG: Multiplayer Online Game
MMRPG: Massive Multiplayer Role Playing Game
MOHLL: Machine Oriented High Level Language M
MMS: Maximum Message Size MOLAP: Multidimensional On-Line Analytical
MMS: Merchant Management System
MOM: Manufacturing Operations Management
MMS: Microsoft Media Server
MOM: Message-Oriented Middleware
Streaming protocol used by the Microsoft Media Server. Used to
access unicast content from a Windows Media Server to a (Software)
Windows Media Player (Network) (Microsoft)
MOM: Microsoft Operations Manager
MMS: Multimedia Messaging Service Provides manageability as part of the design and implementation
of Windows Server System technologies (Operating systems)
MMSH: Microsoft Media Server over Http (Microsoft)
(Network) (Microsoft)
MOMA: Message-Oriented Middleware Association
MMST: Microsoft Media Server over Tcp (Organizations)
(Network) (Microsoft)
MONET: Multiwavelength Optical NETwork
MMU: Memory Management Unit (Network)
MOO: Mud, Object Oriented
MMVF: MultiMedia Video FIle A client used to connect to a MUD
MOP: Maintenance Operations Protocol
MMX: Matrix Manipulation eXtensions (Network)
MOP: Meta Object Protocol
MMX: MultiMedia eXtensions A reflective facility of an object-oriented language (Software)
MOPA: MultiProtocol Over Atm
MNG: Multiple-image Network Graphics (Communication)
A Portable Network Graphics (PNG)-like image format supporting
multiple, animated, transparent and compressed images MOPS: Million Operations Per Second
MNN: My Netscape Network MO-ROD: Magneto Optical-Rewriteable Optical Disk
MNOS: Metal Nitride Oxide Semiconductor
MOS: Magneto-Optic Storage
MNP: Microcom Networking Protocol
(Network) MOS: Mean Opinion Score Page 102 of 185


MOS: Metal-Oxide Semiconductor MP: My Pleasure

Semiconductor manufacturing technology (Hardware) (Net lingo)
MOS: Microsoft Office Specialist MP+: Multichannel Protocol Plus
(Microsoft) (Network) (Ascend)

MOSES: Massive Open Systems Environment MP3: MPeg layer 3

Standard Sound encoding format (Software)
MOSFET: Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Field-Effect MP4: MPeg layer 4
Transistor Sound encoding format (Software)
MPA: Memo Pad Archive
MOSPF: Multicast Open Shortest Path First Filename extension
MPAA: Motion Picture Association of America
MOSS: Microsoft Office Server System (Organizations)
(Software) (Microsoft)
MPC: Mobile Productivity Center
MOSS: Mime Objects Security Services Palm cradle (Hardware)
MOSTL: Microsoft Office Smart Tag List MPC: Multimedia Personal Computer
Tool that makes it easy for Office developers to build and update Multimedia specifications
XML lists of terms to recognize (Software) (Microsoft)
MPC: MultiPath Channel
MOT: Multimedia Object Transfer
MPC+: MultiPath Channel Plus
MOTD: Message Of The Day (IBM)
MOTIS: Message-Oriented Text Interchange MPCC: MultiProtocol Communication Controller
Systems (Hardware)
MOTO: Master Of The Obvious MPCS: Mission Planning and Control Station
(Net lingo)
MPDU: Message Protocol Data Unit
MOTOS: Member Of The Other Sex
(Net lingo) MPE: Multi-Programming Executive
MOTSS: Member Of The Same Sex
MPEG: Moving Picture Experts Group
(Net lingo)
A group that has developed standards for compressing moving M
MOU: Memorandum of Understanding pictures and audio data and for synchronizing video and audio
datastreams. Also, a file format
MOUS: Micorsoft Office User Specialist
(Microsoft) MPI: Message Passing Interface
MOV: Metal Oxide Varistor
(Hardware) MPI: MultiPrecision Integer
MOV: MOVe MPI: Multiprocessor Interconnect Bus
Processor instruction
MPIF: Message Passing Interface Forum
MOV: MOVie MPIF: Multi-Processor Interconnect Facility
Fileformat for movies (Apple)
A facilty to support multiple TPF complexes communicating with
MOVS: Microsoft Office/Vba Solution each other (IBM)
(Microsoft) MPK: MultiProcessing Kernel
MOVS: MOVe String (Operating systems)
Processor instruction MPL: Message Passing Library
MO-WORM: Management Object (IBM)

MP: Massively Parallel MPL: Mozilla Public License

MP: Master Plan MPLS: MultiProtocol Label Switching

An architecture on the IETF standards track for integrating a
MP: MicroProcessor mechanism for label-swapping with Layer 3 routing to accelerate
MP: Multi Processor packet forwarding (Network)
A computer using two or more nearly equal processing units MPMD: Multiple Processor/Multiple Data
under integrated control (Hardware)
MPOA: Multi-Protocol Over Atm
MP: Multilink Protocol An ATM Forum standard for the routing of multiple protocols
Method for splitting, recombining and sequencing datagrams across an ATM substrate. It enables ATM services to be integrated
across multiple logical data links. Originally designed to exploit with existing local-area networks that use Ethernet, token-ring or
multiple bearer channels in ISDN, it's equally applicable to any TCP/IP protocols (Network)
situation in which multiple PPP links connect two systems
(Network) MPOE: Minimum Point Of Entry
Location phone and data lines first come into a building
MP: MultiProtocol (Communication)
MPOW: Multiple Purpose Operator Workstation Page 103 of 185


MPP: Massively Parallel Processing MRB: Method Request Broker

MPP: Message Posting Protocol MRC: Mesh Router Chip
MPP: Message Processing Program
MRCF: Microsoft Realtime Compression Format
MPPC: Microsoft Point to Point Compression
(Network) (Microsoft) MRCI: Microsoft Real-time Compression Interface
MPPD: Multi Purpose Peripheral Device
MRCP: Media Resource Control Protocol
MPPE: Microsoft Point to Point Encryption
Protocol specifically designed to address the need for client
Encrypts data for Point to Point Protocol (PPP) or Point to Point
control of media processing resources such as Automatic Speech
Tunneling Protocol (PPTP) connections (Network) (Microsoft)
Recognition (ASR) and Text-To-Speech (TTS) engines
MPQP: Multi-Protocol Quad Port
MREQ: Memory REQuest
Microprocessor signal used in I/O addressing (Hardware)
MPR: MultiPart Repeater
MRI: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
MPR: Multi-Protocol Routing A medical imaging technique used for image capture. Tissue area
(Network) is simultaneously subjected to electromagnetic radiation and a
magnetic field
MPS: MultiPage Signal
M-RIB: Multicast Routing Information Base
MPS: Multiple Priority System (Network)
MRJ: Macos Runtime for Java
MPS: MultiProcessor Specification (Software) (Apple)
MPSX: Mathematical Programming System eXtended MRM: Most Recently used Master
MPT: MultiPort Transceiver MRNET: Minnesota Regional NETwork
MPTA: Multi Protocol Transport Architecture MRO: Maintenance, Repair and Operation
MPTN: Multi-Protocol Transport Network MRO: Multi-Region Operation
MPTP: Micro Payment Transfer Protocol (IBM)

MPTS: Multi-Protocol Transport Services MROC: Miniature Ruggedized Optical Correlator

MPTS/2: Multi Protocol Transport Services 2
MRP: Manufacturing Resource Planning
MPTY: More Power To You
(Net lingo) MRP: Material Requirement Planning
MPU: MicroProcessor Unit MRPL: Main Ring Path Length
(Hardware) MRS: Media Recognition System
MPVM: Message Parallel Virtual Machine MRS: Message Routing System
(Sun) (Communication)
MPW: Macintosh Programmer's Workshop MRS: Micro Reflective Structure
(Software) (Apple) (Hardware) (Sharp)
MQ: Message Queuing MRS: Monitoring and Recovery Subsystem
MrSID: MultiResolution Seamless Image Database
MQE: Managed Query Environment Image compression algorithm
MRT: Mean Repair Time
MQH: Memory Queue Handler
On Sun server systems, the device on the system board that
MRTG: Multi Router Traffic Grapher
provides the interface between the system board SIMMs and the MRU: Maximum Receive Unit
backplane XDBus (Hardware) (Sun)
MRU: Most Recently Used
MQI: Message Queuing Interface
(IBM) MR-X: Magneto Resistive - eXtended
MR: Magneto-Resistive
Hard disk head technology (Hardware) MS: Memory Stick
(Hardware) (Sony)
MR: Maintenance Release
(Software) MS: Memory System
MR: Memory Read MS: Message Store
(Hardware) MS: MicroSoft
MR: Modem Ready ms: MilliSecond
MR: Modified Read Time measurement unit

MRAM: Magnetic Random Access Memory MS: Mobile Station

(Hardware) Page 104 of 185


MSA: Management Services Architecture MSDP: Multicast Source Directory Protocol

(IBM) Developed for peering between Internet service providers (ISPs),
it enables Rendezvous Points (RPs) to share information about
MSAA: MicroSoft Active Accessibility active sources (Network)
MSDR: Multiplexed Streaming Data Request
MSAA: Multi-Sample Anti-Aliasing
Anti-aliasing technique using multiple samples offset by a fraction
MSDS: MicroSoft Developer Support
of a pixel (Hardware) (Microsoft)

MSACM: MicroSoft Audio Compression Manager MSDSS: MicroSoft Directory Synchronization

(Microsoft) Services
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
MSAU: MultiStation Access Unit
(Network) MSDTC: MicroSoft Distributed Transactions
MSAV: MicroSoft Anti Virus (Databases) (Microsoft)
MSE: MicroSoft Exchange
MSB: Most Significant Bit (or Byte) (Software) (Microsoft)
MSBD: Media Stream Broadcast Distribution MsecSP: Managed SECurity Service Provider
Protocol used to distribute streams between Windows Media
Encoder and the Windows Media server components, and to MSEQ: MicroSoft English Query
transfer streams between servers (Microsoft) (Databases) (Microsoft)
MSBF: Mean Swaps Between Failures MSF: Microsoft Solutions Framework
MSC: MicroSoft C (Microsoft)

MSC: Mobile Switching Center MSFC: Multilayer Switch Feature Card

MSCDEX: MicroSoft CD-rom EXtensions
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
MSFP: Management Service Focal Point

MSCE: MicroSoft Certified Engineer MSFR: Minimum Security Function Requirements

(Microsoft) (IBM)

MSCHAP: MicroSoft Challenge Handshake MSG: MeSsaGe

Authentication Protocol File name extension
(Microsoft) MSI: Medium-Scale Integration M
MSCM: Multiple Slots on Continuation Mechanism The process of placing from 100 to 3,000 transistors on a chip
MSCP: Mass Storage Control Protocol
MSI: MicroSoft Installer
MSCS: MicroSoft Cluster Server (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
MSCT: MicroSoft Certified Trainer MSIE: MicroSoft Internet Explorer
(Microsoft) (Software) (Microsoft)
MSCTEC: MicroSoft Certified Technical Education MSIL: MicroSoft Intermediate Language
Center (Software) (Microsoft)
MSIMN: MicroSoft Internet Mail and News
MSD: Mass Storage Device (Microsoft)
MSD: Microsoft System Diagnostics MSISDN: Mobile Station Integrated Services Digital
(Microsoft) Network
MSD: Most Significant Digit The number used to call a mobile subscriber. An MSISDN consists
of a country code, a national destination code and a subscriber
MSDA: MicroSoft Direct Access number (Communication)
MS-ISDN: Mobile Station Integrated Services Digital
MSDE: MicroSoft Database Engine Network number
(Databases) (Microsoft) MSJ: Microsoft Systems Journal
MSDE: MicroSoft Desktop Engine Microsoft magazine (Microsoft)
(Databases) (Microsoft) MSK: Minimum-Shift Keying
MSDK: Microsoft Solutions Development Kit MSKB: MicroSoft Knowledge Base
MSDL: MicroSoft Download Library MSL: Map Specification Library
MSL: Microsoft Software Library
MSDN: Macintosh Software Distribution Network
MSL: Mirrored Server Link
MSDN: MicroSoft Developer Network
(Microsoft) MSLU: MicroSoft Layer for Unicode
(Software) (Microsoft)
MSDOS: MicroSoft Disk Operating System Page 105 of 185


MSMQ: MicroSoft Message Queue MTA: Multi-Threaded Apartment

(Network) (Microsoft) A threading context in which components must handle
synchronization themselves. Under COM+ the threads that run in
MSN: MicroSoft Network the MTA com from a thread pool managed by the system
(Network) (Microsoft) (Software) (Microsoft)
MSN: Multiple Subscriber Number MTBB: Mean Time Between Breakdowns
MSNF: Multiple Systems Networking Facility MTBCF: Mean Time Between Critical Failures
MSO: Multiple-Systems Operator MTBF: Mean Time Between Failures
MSP: Management Service Provider The average time a component can operate without a failure. The
MTBF is the number of failures divided by the number of hours
MSP: Message Send Protocol the component has operated (Hardware)
(Network) MTBJ: Mean Time Between Jams
MSP: Messaging Service Provider MTBRP: Mean Time Between Parts Replacement
MSP: MicroSoft Paint MTC: Midi Time Code
File name extension (Microsoft)
MTD: Memory Technology Drivers
MSR: Magnetic Super Resolution
(Hardware) MTD: Month To Date
Time series function
MSR: MicroSoft Research
(Microsoft) MTDA: Mean Time between Data Access
The average time before non-redundant components fail, causing
MSR: MicroSoft Reserved (partition) data inaccessibility without loss or corruption. (Hardware)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
MTDL: Mean time to Data Loss
MSRN: Mobile Station Roaming Number The average time before the failure of an array component causes
data to be lost or corrupted. (Hardware)
MSRP: Manufacturer Suggested Retail Price
MTDT: Moscow Time Daylight Time
MSS: Managed Security Service
Timezone: GMT +3:00
MSS: Mass Storage Subsystem
MTE: MuTating Engine
An early version of the Sun pedestal disk storage system
(Hardware) (Sun) MTF: Microsoft Tape Format
MSS: Multiprotocol Switched Server (Hardware) (Microsoft)
(Hardware) (IBM) MTF: Modulation Transfer Function
MSSP: Managed Security Service Provider (Hardware)

MST: Mountain Standard Time MTFTP: Multicast Trivial File Transfer Protocol
Timezone: GMT -7:00 (Network)

MSTS: MicroSoft Terminal Server MTH: Memory Translator Hub

(Operating systems) (Hardware)

MSU: Mass Storage Unit MTI: Mips Technologies Inc.

(Hardware) MTM: Mobile Trusted Module
MSU: Media Server Unit (Security)

MSU: Millions of Service Units MTN: Mobile Telephone Network

MSU: Modem Sharing Unit MTOM: Message Transmission Optimization

(Hardware) Mechanism

MSVC: MicroSoft Visual C MTP: Message Transfer Part

MSW: Machine Status Word MTP: Multicast Transport Protocol

MT: Machine Translation
MTRP: Maximum Transfer Rate Performance
MT: Management Team
MTS: Message Telephone Service
MTA: Message Transfer Agent
An ISO/OSI application process that stores and forwards MTS: Message Transfer System
messages in the X.400 message handling system. Compare with (Software)
Internet mail agent
MTS: Michigan Terminal System
MTA: Message Transfer Architecture Academic operating system (OS), 1960s-90s. Along with Multics
(Software) at MIT, it was among the first operational virtual memory
operating systems in the world (Operating systems)
MTA: Multimedia Terminal Adapter
MTS: Microsoft Transaction Server
MTA: Multiple Terminal Access (Microsoft)
MTS: Multichannel Television Sound Page 106 of 185


MTSO: Mobile Telephone Switching Office MVCC: Multi-Version Concurrency Control

(Network) (Databases)
MTST: Magnetic Tape Selectric Typewriter MVD: MultiValued Dependencies
(Hardware) (IBM)
MVDM: Multiple Virtual DOS Machines
MTST: Moscow Time Standard Time
MVGA: Monochrome Video Graphics Array
Timezone: GMT +3:00
MVIF: Multi-Vendor Interacting Forum
MTT: Multi-Transaction Timer
MVIP: MultiVendor Integration Protocol
MTTD: Mean Time To Diagnose
MVLS: Microsoft Volume License Site
MTTF: Mean Time To Failure
MVNO: Mobile Virtual Network Operator
MTTFF: Mean Time To First Failure
MVP: Most Valuable Professional
MTTR: Mean Time To Repair
The average time required to bring an array storage subsystem
back to full fault tolerance. (Hardware) MVP: Multimedia Video Processor
MTU: Maximum Transmission Unit MVP: Music Video Producer
MUA: Mail User Agent
MVR: Multimedia Vehicle and Repository
MUD: Multi-User Dialogue
(Software) (IBM)
MUD: Multi-User Dimensions
MVS: Multiple Virtual Storage
Formerly, Multi-User Dungeon
IBM Mainframe operating system (IBM)
MUD: Multi-User Dungeon
MVS/SP: Multiple Virtual Storage/System Product
Multi-user interactive role-playing games on the Internet
MVS/XA: Multiple Virtual Storage/eXtended
MUG: Multi-User Game
MUI: Multilanguage User Interface
MVT: Multiprogramming with a Variable number of
(Operating systems)
MUI: Multimedia User Interface
MW: Memory Write
MUL: MULtiply (Hardware) M
MULDEM: MULtiplexer-DEMultiplexer MW: MiddleWare
MULTICS: MULTiplexed Information and Computing MWFM: Mobile Wireless Fault Mediator
Service (Network) (Cisco)
MULTOS: MULTiapplication-card Operating System MWI: Mobile Web Initiative
(Operating systems) Proposes to address issues like interoperability and usability for
mobile phones through a concerted effort of players in the mobile
MUMBLE: Multi User Multicast Basic Language
field, including authoring tool vendors, content providers,
Exchange handset manufacturers, browser vendors and mobile operators
MUMPS: Massachusetts "general hospital" Utility MWM: Motif Window Manager
Multi-Programming System (Operating systems)
A programming language with extensive tools for the support of
database management systems. MUMPS was originally used for MWS: Matsushita White Skipping
medical records and is now widely used where multiple users
MX: Mail eXchanger
access the same databases simultaneously, e.g. banks, stock
exchanges,... (Databases) MXCC: Module Xbus Cache Controller
MUP: Multiple Unc Provider On Sun server systems, a device located on the processor module
that controls the ow of data between the XBus and the module
cache RAM and processor chip (Hardware) (Sun)
MUSE: Multi-User Simulated Environment
MXF: Material eXchange Format
MUT: Monitor Under Test A SMPTE standard that defines a file format for AV media and
associated metadata
MUX: MUltipleXer
MXS: Microsoft eXchange Server
MUX: Multi-User eXperience
On Sun server systems, a device located on the processor module
mV: MilliVolt that controls the flow of data between the XBus and the module
cache RAM and processor chip (Microsoft)
MVA: Market Value Added
MZ: Mark Zbikowski
MVA: Multi-domain Vertical Alignment DOS executable file header identifier
(Hardware) (Fujitsu)
MVB: Multimedia Viewer Book
MVC: Model View Controller
MVC: Multimedia Viewer Compiler Page 107 of 185


MZAP: Multicast-scope Zone Announcement NAPI: Network Application Programming Interface

NAPLPS: North American Presentation-Level
Protocol for discovering the multicast administrative scope zones
Protocol Syntax
that are relevant at a particular location. MZAP also provides
mechanisms whereby common misconfigurations of (Communication)
administrative scope zones can be discovered (Communication) NAPT: Network Address & Port Translation
MZR: Multiple Zone Recording (Network)
NARP: Nbma Address Resolution Protocol
N (Network)
n: Nano NAS: Netobjects Authoring Server
Prefix for 10 power -9
NAS: Netscape Application Server
N/I: Non-Interlaced (Operating systems) (Netscape)
N+I: Networld + Interop NAS: Network Access Server
Trade conference (Network)
NAB: National Association of Broadcasters NAS: Network Application Support
NAB: Netscape Application Builder (DEC)
(Software) (Netscape) NAS: Network Attached Storage
NAB: Not A Bug (Hardware)
Used as a reason when rejecting a bug report (Software) NASA: National Aeronautics and Space
NAC: Network Adapter Card Administration
NAC: Network Administration Center
NASAA: North American Securities Administrators
NACCB: National Association of Computer Association
Consultant Businesses (Organizations)
NASDAQ: National Association of Securities Dealers
NACD: National Association of Computer Dealers Automatic Quotation
NACS: National Advisory Committee on NASI: Netware Asynchronous Services Interface
Semiconductors (Novell)
NACS: Netware Asynchronous Communication NASIRC: Nasa Automated Systems Internet
Server Response Capability
NACS: Network Access Control System NASKER: Nasa AmeS KERnel
NAD: Network Access Device NASL: Name/Age/Sex/Location
NAD: Network Activity Display (Net lingo)
(Network) NASSL: Network Accessible Services Specification
NAE: Not Above or Equal Language

NAG: National Algorithms Group NAT: Network Address Translation

A technology that enables a network to use one set of IP
NAG: Network Architecture Group addresses for internal traffic and a second for external traffic
NAK: Not AcKnowledged (Network)
A control code returned by a receiving station indicating that a NATOA: National Association of
station with an established connection has sent incorrect Telecommunications Officers & Advisors
NAT-PT: Network Address Translation - Protocol
NAL: Novell Application Launcher Translation
(Software) (Novell) (Communication)
NAM: Number Assignment Module NAU: Network Access Unit
NAMI: Network Adaptive Multimedia Image (Network)

NAMPS: Narrow-band Analog Mobile Phone Service NAU: Network Addressable Unit
NAMS: National Association of Multimedia
Shareware NAUN: Nearest Active Upstream Neighbour
NaN: Not A Number NAV: Norton Anti Virus
A symbolic entry that is encoded in oating-point format (Software) (Symantec)

NANAE: News.Admin.Net-Abuse.Email NAVSTAR: NAVigation Satellite Timing And Ranging

Usenet newsgroups NAWS: Negotiate About Window Size
NAP: Network Access Point NBD: Next Business Day
A symbolic entry that is encoded in floating-point format Support term
(Network) Page 108 of 185


NBDD: NetBios Datagram Distribution NCC: Norton Control Center

(Network) Norton Utilities' program (Software) (Symantec)
NBE: Not Below or Equal NCC: Novell Customer Connection
NBI: Nothing But Initials
NCCF: Network Communications Control Facility
NBMA: Non-Broadcast Multi Access
NCD: Network Computing Device
NBNS: NetBios Name Service
Service that keeps track of which names are in use at which IP NCF: Netware Command File
addresses, thus allowing the underlying IP network to find the (Novell)
nodes and transport NetBIOS messages between them. The Name
Service runs on UDP port 137 (Network) NCF: Network Computing Framework
(Network) (IBM)
NBO: Network Byte Order
Refers to the order in which the bytes of a multi-byte number are NCGA: National Computer Graphics Association
transmitted on a network — most significant byte first. This might
be different than the order in which the number is stored in
NCI: Network Computer, Inc.
memory, depending on the processor architecture (Network) Manufacturer

NBO: Networked Business Object NCI: Non Coded Information

(Software) NCIA: Native Client Interface Architecture
NBP: Name Binding Protocol NCIC: National Crime Information Center
NBP: Network Bootstrap Program NCITS: National Committee for Information
This is the first program that is downloaded into a machine that Technology Standards
has selected a Preboot eXecution Environment (PXE) capable
device for remote boot services NCMOS: N-channel Complementary Metal Oxyde
NBS: Narrowband Socket
NCMT: N-channel Complementary Metal Oxide
NBS: National Bureau of Standards
NCN: Nixdorf Communications Network
NBS: Numeric BackSpace
NCOS: Network Computer Operating System
NBSCP: NetBios Frames Control Protocol
(Network) NCP: Netware Core Protocol

NBSP: Non-Breakable SPace NCP: Network Control Program

Communication management in IBM networks (Network) (IBM)
NBSS: NetBios Session Service
(Network) NCP: Network Control Protocol N
NBT: NetBios on Tcp/ip
NCP: Non-Carbon Paper
NC: Naming Context
Part of the Active Directory configuration (replication topology NCP: Not Copy Protected
and related metadata) (Network) (Microsoft)
NCQ: Native Command Queuing
NC: Network Computer Technology designed to increase performance and endurance by
(Network) allowing the drive to internally optimize the execution order of
workloads (Hardware)
NC: Network Control
NCR: National Cash Registers
NC: Network Coordinator
NCS: Network Computing System
NC: No Carry (HP)
NC: No Connection NCSA: National Center for Supercomputing
(Hardware) Applications
NC: Norton Commander The University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign developers of the
original NCSA Mosaic browser (Organizations)
NC: Numerical Control
NCSC: National Computer Security Center
NCA: Network Communications Adapter (Organizations)
NCA: Network Computing Architecture NCSI: Network Communications Services Interface
NCSL: National Computer Systems Laboratory
NCAPI: Netscape Client Application Programming
Interface NCTE: Network Channel-Terminating Equipment
(Software) (Netscape) NCTL: National Computer and Telecommunications
NCC: National Computer Conference Laboratory

NCC: National Computing Center NDA: Non Disclosure Agreement

NDAC: No Data ACcepted
NCC: Network Control Center
(Network) NDB: Non-Directional Beacon Page 109 of 185


NDC: Normalized Device Coordinates NEP: Network Equipment Provider

The coordinate system between the user’s world coordinates
NES: National Education Supercomputer
(WC) and the graphics system’s physical device coordinates in the
viewing pipeline NES: Netscape Enterprise Server
NDCC: Network Data Collection Center (Software) (Netscape)

NDDK: Network Device Development Kit NEST: Novell Embedded Systems Technology
NDDL: Neutral Data Definition Language
NetBEUI: NETwork Bios Extended User Interface
NDE: News Development Environment (Network)
NDEF: Not DEFined NetBIOS: NETwork Basic Input Output System
NDIS: Network Driver Interface Specification (Network)
(Network) NETBLT: NETwork BLock Transfer
NDL: Network Database Language NETCDF: NETwork Common Data Format
NDM: Network Data Manager
On-line storage service NEWS: Netware Early Warning System

NDMP: Network Data Management Protocol NEWS: Network Extensible Window System
(Network) A window system based on PostScript that Sun developed and
licenses (Operating systems) (Sun)
NDMS: Netware Distributed Management Services
NEWT: NEWs Terminal
NDN: Non-Delivery Notice
NEXT: Near-End CrossTalk
NDP: Numeric Data Processor
NeXT: NEw eXtended Technology
NDPS: Novell Distributed Print Services
NF: Naturally Flat
(Network) (Novell)
Crt technology (Hardware) (Mitsubishi)
NDR: Network Data Representation
NFAS: Non-Facility Associated Signaling
In ISDN, a single D-channel can control multiple PRIs (Network)
NDR: Non-Delivery Report
NFE: Net Future Expectation
NDRO: Non Destructive ReadOut
NFF: No Fault Found
NDS: Netware Directory Service
NFI: Near Field Imaging
(Network) (Novell)
Touch screen where the screen itself is the sensor. NFI uses a N
NDT: Non Destructive Testing sophisticated sensing circuit that can detect a conductive object -
a finger or conductive stylus - through a layer of glass, as well as
NE: Network Element through gloves or other potential barriers (Hardware)
NFI: No F***ing Idea
NE: Not Equal (Net lingo)
NFM: No Further Messages
NEARNET: New England Academic and Research End of script, ie: you dont want to talk to this person anymore
NETwork (Net lingo)
NEAT: Novell Easy Administration Tool NFR: Near Field Recording
(Novell) (Hardware)
NEB: Netscape Extension Builder NFS: Need For Speed
(Software) (Netscape) Racing computer and video games by Electronic Arts released on
platforms including personal computers, Nintendo, Xbox, Xbox
NEC: National Electrical Code
360, PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable consoles (Games)
NEC: Nippon Electric Corporation NFS: Network File System
A Sun distributed file system that provides transparent access to
NECA: National Exchange Carrier Association remote file systems on heterogeneous networks (Operating
systems) (Sun)

NED: Nano-Emissive Display NFSU2: Need For Speed: Underground 2

Racing game, developed and published by Electronic Arts in
2003. It is part of the Need for Speed computer and video game
NEFS: Network Extensible File System series (Games)

NEG: NEGative NFT: Network File Transfer

NELIAC: Navy Electronics Laboratory International NG: NewsGroup
Algol Compiler Discussion forum

NEMA: National Electrical Manufacturers Association NGE: Not Greater or Equal

NEP: Network Entry Point NGI: Next Generation Internet Page 110 of 185


NGIO: Next Generation Input Output NILO: Network Interface LOader

(Hardware) (Intel) Boot Linux, FreeBSD, Windows 95/98/NT4 and support the Intel
PXE standard, and is suitable for burning into ROM. It is an
NGWS: Next Generation Windows Services evolution of the previous Etherboot and Netboot projects. See
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NHC: National Hurricane Center NIM: Network Installation Management
NHR: National Handwriting Recognition (IBM)

NHRP: Next Hop Resolution Protocol NiMH: NIckel-Metal Hydride

(Network) Rechargable battery technology

NHSE: National Hpcc Software Exchange NIMS: Novell Internet Messaging System
NI: New Instructions
(Hardware) (Intel)
NIO: Native Input/Output
Rechargeable battery technology
NI: No Increase
NIO: New Input/Output
NI: Non Interlaced Java's new I/O subsystem (Software) (Sun)
NIPR: Non-secure Internet Protocol Router
NIA: Next Instruction Address (Network)
NIAM: Natural language Information Analysis NIPS: Network I/os Per Second
NIPS: Network Intrusion Prevention System
NIC: Network Information Center (Security)
Originally, a single NIC at SRI International served the ARPANET
(and later the defense data network [DDN] community) (Network) NIR: Network Information Retrieval
NIC: Network Interface Card
(Hardware) NIS: Network Information Service
A distributed network database containing key information about
NIC: New Internet Computer the systems and the users on the network. The NIS database is
(Hardware) stored on the master server and all the slave servers (Network)
NIC: Numeric Intensive Computing
NIS: Norton Internet Security
NiCd: NIckel-CaDmium
(Software) (Symantec)
Rechargable battery technology
NIS/YP: Network Information System/Yellow Pages
NICE: Narrative, Immersive, Collaborative
Environment N-ISDN: Narrowband Integrated Services Digital N
Rechargeable battery technology Network
NICE: Network Information and Control Exchange N-ISDN: National Integrated Services Digital
NICE: Novell Internet Connection Expert
(Network) (Novell) NISI: Network Information Services Infrastructure
NICOLAS: Network Information Center OnLine Aid
System NISO: National Information Standards Organization
NISP: Networked Information Services Project
NID: Network Interface Device
NIST: National Institute of Standards and
(Hardware) Technology
NID: New Interactive Display (Organizations)
(NEC) NITC: National Information Technology Center
NID: Next IDentifier NITOL: Norway-net with IT for Open Learning
NIDL: Network Interface Definition Language NIU: Network Interface Unit
NIW: Network Installation Wizard
NIDS: Network Intrusion Detection System (Software) (Microsoft)
NIXL: Nas Interface eXchange Language
NIFC: Netscape Internet Foundation Classes (Network)
(Software) (Netscape)
NJ: Nice Job
NIH: Not Invented Here (Net lingo)
NIHCL: National Institute of Health Class Library NJE: Network Job Entry
NII: National Information Infrastructure (IBM)

NIIT: National Information Infrastructure Testbed NJM: Native Java Microprocessor

NIIT: National Institute of Information Technology
(Organizations) NL: New Line Page 111 of 185


NLA: Network Location Awareness NMI: Non-Maskable Interrupt

Enables Windows Sockets 2 applications to identify the logical (Hardware)
network to which a Windows computer is attached and to which
physical network interface a given application has saved specific NML: Network Management Layer
information (Operating systems) (Microsoft) NML: Nonconfirmed Mailing List
NLANR: National Laboratory for Applied Network Database of Internet Protocol addresses (IP addresses) which
Research have been demonstrated to be the sources of mailing lists which
do not fully verify the email addresses on their list. See
NLB: Network Load Balancing
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NMLI: Native Mode Lan Interconnection
NLDM: Network Logical Data Manager Is an IntraLATA high speed transport service used to interconnect
LANs at geographically separated sites (Network)
NLE: Not Less or Equal
NMM: Netware Management Map
NLM: Netware Loadable Module
(Operating systems) (Novell)
NMM: Network Management Module
NLM: Nfs Lock Manager
(Operating systems)
NMOS: Negative Channel Metal-Oxide
NLP: Natural Language Processing
NLPID: Network Layer Protocol IDentifier
NMP: Network Management Protocol
NLQ: Near Letter Quality (AT&T)
NLS: National Language Support NMPA: National Music Publishers Association
(Operating systems) (Organizations)
NLS: Netware Licensing Service NMPF: Network Management Productivity Facility
NMR: Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
NLS: Network License Server
NMS: Netelligent Management Software
NLSFUNC: National Language Support FUNCtion (Network)
NLSP: Netware Link Services Protocol NMS: Network Management System
Link-state routing protocol based on IS-IS. See also IS-IS
NMT: Nordic Mobile Telephone
NLT: Natural Language Technology Pre-GSM mobile telephone network in the nordic countries
(Software) (Communication)

NLUUG: NetherLands Unix User Group NMU: Network Management Unit N

(Organizations) (Hardware)

NLV: National Language Version NN: Network Node

(IBM) NN: Neural Network
NLX: New Low-profile Extended NN: No News
Motherboard format, evolution of LPX (Hardware)
NNI: Network-Node Interface
NM: Network Management (Communication)
NNM: Network Node Manager
NM: Nothing Much (Network)
(Net lingo)
NNSC: Nsf Network Service Center
NMA: Network Management Architecture
NNTP: Network News Transport Protocol
NMC: Network Management Center (Communication)
NME: Norton Mobile Essentials NOC: Network Operation Center
(Software) (Symantec) A center that operates a production network. Tasks include
NMEA: National Marine Electronics Association monitoring and control, troubleshooting, and user assistance
Organization that developed (among other things) the NMEA
interface standard for data exchange between marine electronic NOP: No OPeration
devices, also used today in most Global Positioning Systems (Hardware)
(GPSs) (Organizations)
NOPAC: Network On-line Public Access Catalog
NMF: Network Management Forum
NORA: Non-Obvious Relationship Awareness
NMH: Not Much Here
(Net lingo) NORMA: NO Remote Memory Access
NM-HDV: Network Module - High Density Voice NOS: Network Operating System
(Hardware) (Cisco) NOTA: None Of The Above
NMI: Native Method Invocation For multiple choice answers (Net lingo)
(Software) NOW: Network Of Workstations
(Hardware) Page 112 of 185


NOYB: None Of Your Business NRZL: NonReturn to Zero Level

(Net lingo)
NS: Name Server
NP: No Problem
ns: NanoSecond
Answer when someone says ty/thank you (Net lingo)
Time measurement unit
NP: Nondeterministic Polynomial time
NS: National Semiconductor
NP: Number Portability
NS: Network Series
NPA: Network Printer Alliance NS: Network Supervisor
NPA: Numbering Plan Address
NS: Non Stop
NPDA: Network Problem Determination Aid
NSA: National Security Agency
NPE: Null Pointer Exception (Organizations)
A NPE happens when trying to access data from a null memory
NSA POLY: National Security Agency POLYgraph
location (Software)
NSAP: Network Services Access Point
NPH: No Parse Headers
NPI: Network Printer Interface
NSAPI: Netscape Server Application Programming
NPL: Netscape Public License Interface
(Netscape) (Software) (Netscape)
NPL: Non-Procedural Language NSB: Netware for Small Business
(Software) (Operating systems) (Novell)
NPM: Network Printer Manager NSC: Network Service Center
NSC: Norton System Center
NPMS: Named Pipes/Mail Slots (Software) (Symantec)
NPP: Network Payment Protocol NSERC: National Sciences and Engineering
NPS: Novell Productivity Specialist Research Council
(Novell) NSF: National Science Foundation
NPSI: Network Protocol Service Interface (Organizations)

NPT: Non-Programmable Terminal NSfIP: NextStep For Intel Processors

(Hardware) NSFNET: National Science Foundation NETwork N
NPTN: National Public Telecomputing Network NSI: Nasa Science Internet
NPU: Natural Processing Unit NSI: Network Solutions, Inc
NPU: Network Processing Unit Manages .com, .net, .org, .edu top level domains (Organizations)
(Communication) NSIS: National Schengen Information System
NPX: Numeric Processor eXtension NSIS: Nullsoft Scriptable Install System
NQS: Network Queing System Tool that allows programmers to create quick and user friendly
installers for Windows. It is released under an open source
NRC: National Research Council license and is completely free for any use. See also
(Organizations) (Software)

NREN: National Research and Education Network NSM: Netscape Server Manager
NRFD: Not Ready For Data
(Communication) NSM: Network and System Management

NRL: Namespace Routing Language NSN: Nasa Science Network

NRM: Network Resource Manager NSP: Native Signal Processing

NRM: Normal Response Mode NSP: Network Service Provider

HDLC data transfer mode (Network) NSP: Network Services Protocol
NRN: No Response Needed NSPR: NetScape Portable Runtime
(Net lingo) Provides platform independence for non-GUI operating system
facilities, including threads, thread synchronization, normal file
and network I/O, interval timing and calendar time, basic
NRP: Node Route Processor memory management (malloc and free) and shared library linking
(Hardware) (Cisco) (Netscape)

NRZ: Non Return to Zero

Data transmission using +/- voltage levels or carrier offsets
NRZI: NonReturn to Zero Inverted Page 113 of 185


NSS: Network Security Service NTP: Network Time Protocol

Set of libraries designed to support cross-platform development (Communication)
of security-enabled server applications. Applications built with
NSS can support SSL v2 and v3, TLS, PKCS #5, PKCS #7, PKCS NTRAS: New Technology Remote Access Services
#11, PKCS #12, S/MIME, X.509 v3 certificates, and other NTRK: New Technology Resource Kit
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NSS: Network Storage Solutions
NTRU: Number Theory is Really Useful
Technology for high speed, low footprint public key cryptography,
NSS: Nodal Switching Subsystem based on the mathematics of lattice reduction. (Marketed by
NTRU Cryptosystems, Inc, (Security)
NSS: Novell Storage Services
(Novell) NTS/2: Network Transport Services 2

NSSC: Nasa Standard Spacecraft Computer NTSA: Netware Telephony Services Architecture
NSTC: National Science and Technology Council
NTSC: National Television Systems Committee
NSTL: National Software Testing Labs The group that proposed a method of composite color encoding
NT: Network Terminator based on quadrature modulation of I and Q color difference
components onto a color subcarrier and adding the resulting
NT: New Technology chroma signal to luminance (Organizations)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NTSD: New Technology Symbolic Debugger
NT: Nice Try (Microsoft)
(Net lingo)
NTSL: National Software Testing Laboratories
NT: No Text (Organizations)
(Net lingo)
NTT: Nippon Telephone & Telegraph
NT: Nome Time
NTU: Network Termination Unit
Timezone: GMT -11:00
NTWS: New Technology WorkStation
NT-1: Network Terminator type 1
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NTAS: New Technology Advanced Server
NUA: Network User Address
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NUB: Network Utility Box
NTCR: New Technology Challenge/Response
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NUI: Network User Identification
NTDS: New Technology Directory Service
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
(Network) N
NUI: Network User Interface
NTE: New Technology Embedded
(Operating systems)
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
NUI: Notebook User Interface
NTF: No Trouble Found
NTFS: New Technology File System
An invisible character with an internal code of 0 that occupies no
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) space if printed. Not to be confused with a blank, which is
NTHQ: New Technology Hardware Qualifier invisible but occupies a space
Hardware troubleshooting program (Operating systems) NUMA: NonUniform Memory Access
NURB: Non Uniform Rational B-spline
NTIA: National Telecommunications and
Information Administration NURBS: Non Uniform Rational B-Spline
(Organizations) A curve definition method based on the B-spline curve, which
offers additional exibility through knots along the spline. Some
NTIS: National Technical Information Service knots can have more weight added (like a magnet) to pull the
curve toward those knots
NTK: Newton ToolKit
NURMS: Non Uniform Rational MeshSmooth
NTLDR: New Technology LoaDeR
Method of tesselation used by 3D Studio MAX (Software)
Bootstrap loader for Microsoft Windows NT-based operating
systems (Operating systems) (Microsoft) NUUG: Norwegian Unix User Group
NTLM: New Technology Lan Manager
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) NV: No oVerflow
A curve definition method based on the B-spline curve, which
NTO: Network Terminal Operator
offers additional flexibility through knots along the spline. Some
(Network) knots can have more weight added (like a magnet) to pull the
NTONC: National Transparent Optical Network curve toward those knots
Consortium NVDL: Namespace-based Validation Dispatching
(Organizations) Language
NTOP: New Technology Option Pack Allows specifying sections of XML documents to be validated
against different schemas thus enabling the creation of complex
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) documents containing multiple languages Page 114 of 185


NVDM/2: NetView Distribution Manager 2 OAI: Open Applications Interface

NVE: Network Visible Entity OAM: Operations, Administation, and Management
A network addressable service (ie. protocol socket) that acts as a A set of network management functions for ATM similar to those
network service process (not a node.) (Network) (Apple) in OA&M and OAM&P. Special cells, called OAM cells, are used to
carry OAM related information (Communication)
NVM: Non Volatile Memory
(Hardware) OARNet: Ohio Academic Resources NETwork
NVML: NaVigation Markup Language OAS: Office Automation System
NVOD: Near-Video On Demand OAS: One-to-All Scatter
NVP: Network Voice Protocol OAS: Oracle Application Server
(Software) (Oracle)
NVP: Nominal Velocity of Propagation
OASIS: Open Access Same-time Information System
NVRAM: Non-Volatile Random Access Memory
A type of RAM that retains information when power is removed OASIS: Organization for the Advancement of
from the system (Hardware) Structured Information Standards
NVS: Non-Volatile Storage
(Hardware) OASLM: Optically Addressed Spatial Light Modulator
NVSIMM: Non-Volatile Single In line Memory Module
A nonvolatile single inline memory module (SIMM) that OASYS: Office Automation SYStem
incorporates a battery on the device to prevent data loss in a
power failure. Battery current is shared among a group of OAW: Optically Assisted Winchester
NVSIMMs. This feature prevents memory failure if one battery (Hardware)
fails (Hardware)
OBD: On Board Diagnostics
NVT: Network Virtual Terminal
OBD: Online Bugs Database
NVT: Novell Virtual Terminal
OBEX: OBject EXchange
Set of protocols allowing objects such as vCard contact
NWFS: NetWare File System information and vCalendar schedule entries to be exchanged
(Operating systems) (Novell) using either IrDA or Bluetooth

NWNet: NorthWestern states NETwork OBI: Open Buying on the Internet

NWS: Netware Web Server
(Novell) OBJ: OBJect
File name extension
NX: No eXecute N
Technology used in CPUs to segregate areas of memory for use Obj-C: OBJective-C
by either storage of processor instructions (or code) or for Programming Language (Software)
storage of data, a feature normally only found in Harvard
OBOE: Off-By-One Error
architecture processors (Hardware) (Intel)
Logical error involving the discrete equivalent of a boundary
NYSERNet: New York State Education and Research condition. It often occurs in computer programming when an
NETwork iterative loop iterates one time too many or too few (Software)

NZDSF: Non-Zero Dispersion Shifted Fibre OBS: Old Backup Server

Optical fiber type (Communication) OBV: Object By Value
NZT: New Zealand Time (Software)
Timezone: GMT +12:00 OBVI: Object-Based Video Interface
NZUSUGI: New Zealand Unix System User Group, OBZ: One Big Zip
(Net lingo)
OC: Optical Carrier
OC-3: Optical Carrier level 3
O&O: Over & Out
When leaving an on-line conversation permanently (Net lingo) OC4J: Oracle Containers For Java
(Software) (Oracle)
O/R: Originator/Recipient
OCA: Online Crash Analysis
OA: Office Automation
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
OAB: Offline Address Book
OCA: Oracle Certified Associate
Certification for apprentice skill level IT professionals who have
OAB: One-to-All Broadcast have a foundation of knowledge that will allow them to act as a
junior team member (Oracle)
OAD: Open Architecture Driver
OCD: Out-of-Cell Delineation
OAD: Over-the-Air Downloading
OCE: Open Collaborative Environment
OAG: Official Airline Guide
OAG: Online Air Guide Page 115 of 185


OCF: Object Component Framework ODE: Object Database and Environment

(Software) (Borland)
ODE: Office 97 Developer Edition
OCF: OpenCard Framework (Software) (Microsoft)

OCFS: Oracle Cluster File System ODF: Open Document Format

(Oracle) Open document file format for saving and exchanging editable
office documents (Software)
OCI: Oracle Call Interface
(Databases) (Oracle) ODI: Open Data-link Interface
OCIA: Optically Coupled Interface Adapter
Interface in many other respects similar to RS232. It is used ODI: Open Device Interconnect
extensively on Point Of Sale (POS) equipments (Hardware) (Novell)
OCL: Object Constraint Language ODIF: Open Document Interchange Format
OCL: Operator Control Language ODISS: Optical Digital Image Storage System
OCL: Os/2 Class Library ODL: Object Definition Language
OCLC: Online Computer Library Center ODM: Object Data Manager
OCM: Oracle Certified Master
Advanced-level certification that is targeted toward Oracle9i DBA ODM: Optimized Distribution Model
OCPs with 3 - 4 years of professional Oracle experience (Oracle) (Compaq)
OCN: Operating Company Number ODM: Original Design Manufacturing
ODMA: Open Distributed Management Architecture
OCP: Open-Closed Principle
ODMA: Open Document Management Api
Object-oriented principle that states that software entities should
be open for extensions but closed for modifications (Software) ODMG: Object Data Management Group
OCP: Oracle Certified Professional See (Organizations)
Mid-level certification for IT professionals who manage large- ODMG: Object Database Management Group
scale databases or develop applications that are used enterprise-
wide (Oracle) ODP: On-Demand Producer
Multimedia authoring program (Software)
OCR: Optical Character Recognition
ODP: Open Data Path
OCS: Object Compatibility Standard
Provide a way for more than one program in the same job to
OCS: On-Card Sequencer share the same file status information (Software) (IBM)

OCS: Open Content Syndication ODP: Open Distributed Processing

ODP: OverDrive Processor
OCS: Oracle Collaboration Suite
Oracle's mail/calendar solution (Software) (Oracle)
ODPS: On Demand Packaging Service
OCSP: Online Certificate Status Protocol Intranet Software distribution solution by IBM (Software) (IBM)
A PKIX protocol used for determining the current status of a ODQL: Object Database Query Language
digital certificate
OCTAVE: Operationally Critical Threat, Asset, and
ODR: Optimized Dynamic Routing
Vulnerability Evaluation
Approach for self-directed risk evaluations that puts organizations ODS: Open Data Services
in charge, balances critical information assets, business needs, (Microsoft)
threats, and vulnerabilities and measures the organization against
known or accepted good security practices (Security) ODS: Operational Data Store
OCX: Ole Control eXtension ODS: Overhead Data Stream
(Software) (Microsoft) ODSI: Open Directory Services Interface
OD: Optical Disk ODT: Open DeskTop
ODA: Open Data Access ODTUG: Oracle Development Tools User Group
OE: Operating Environment
ODA: Open Document Architecture
OE: Outlook Express
ODAPI: Open DataBase Application Programming (Software) (Microsoft)
(Software) OE: Output Enable
ODBC: Open DataBase Connectivity
(Software) (Microsoft) OECD: Organization for Economic Cooperation and
ODBMS: Object DataBase Management System (Organizations)
OEDB: Operating Experience DataBase
ODD: Optical Disk Drive Nuclear power plants use a common database of operating
Computer CD-Rom, DVD-Rom, DVD-Writer, etc (Hardware) information Page 116 of 185


OEM: Original Equipment Manufacturer OLAM: Optimal Linear Associative Memory

A manufacturer that sells equipment for resale under an end-
OLAP: On-Line Analytical Processing
equipment manufacturer’s trademark or name (Hardware)
A category of software tools that provides analysis of data stored
OEP: Operand Execution Pipeline in a database (Databases)

OEP: Original Entry Point OLB: Object Language Bindings

(Software) (Databases)
OF: Outer Firewall OLCP: On-Line Complex Processing
OLE: Object Linking and Embedding
OF: Overflow Flag (Software) (Microsoft)
OFA: Optimal Flexible Architecture OLED: Organic Light Emitting Diode
OFB: Output FeedBack
OLE-DB: Object Linking and Embedding-DataBase
OFC: Open Financial Connectivity
COM-based data access objects (Databases) (Microsoft)
OFCOM: Office Fédéral de la COMmunication
OLGA: OnLine Guitar Archive
Swiss regulatory Organisation (Organizations)
OLI: Optical Line Interface
OFDM: Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing
OLIT: Open Look Intrinsics Toolkit
OFMT: Output ForMaT
An X Window system-based widget set and library used to create
OFP: Organizational Fitness Profiling applications using the OPEN LOOK graphical user interface
(Operating systems)
OFS: Object File System
(Operating systems) OLMC: Open Look Intrinsic Toolkit
OFS: Output Field Separator OLSP: On-Line Service Provider
OFTP: Odette File Transfer Protocol O-LTM: Optical Line Terminating Multiplexer
Defined by the RFC 2204, it's a protocol that supports both direct OLTP: OnLine Transaction Processing
communication between installations and indirect communication
via a third party clearing centre (Network) OM: Object Manager
OFX: Open Financial eXchange OM: Object Model
OGL: Open Graphics Language
Single, vendor-independent Application Programming Interface OMA: Object Management Architecture
(API) for the development of 2D and 3D graphics applications (Microsoft)
(Software) (SGI)
OMA: Outlook Mobile Access
OGNL: Object Graph Navigation Language
Powerful expression language that is useful for identifying
(Software) (Microsoft) O
properties within Java objects (Software) OMAC: One-key cipher block chaining Message
Authentication Code
OGSA: Open Grid Services Architecture
OGSS: Ordered Grid Super Sampling
OMAP: Open Multimedia Applications Platform
Full-scene anti-aliasing technique (Hardware)
OMCA: OpenManage Client Administrator
OHCI: Open Host Controller Interface
OIA: Operator Information Area
OMCI: OpenManage Client Instrumentation
OIC: Oh, I See
OME: Open Messaging Environment
(Net lingo)
OID: Object IDentifier
OMF: Object Management Framework
OIDL: Object Interface Definition Language
OMF: Object Module Format
OIL: Operator Identification Language (Microsoft)
OIM: Open Information Model OMF: Observation Markup Format
Set of standard object models which define how applications can Is an application of XML used to encode weather observation
create exchangeable metadata reports
OIS: Office Information System OMF: Open Media Framework
OIW: Osi Implementors Workshop OMF: Open Message Format
OJI: Open Jvm Integration OMFG: Oh My F***ing God
Project extending the plug-in architecture to allow Java virtual (Net lingo)
machines to be plugged into Mozilla-based browser releases
OMFI: Open Media Framework Interchange
OKC: Online Knowledge Community
OMG: Object Management Group
OL: Ordered List (Organizations)
HTML Tag Page 117 of 185


OMG: Oh My God (or Gosh) OODBMS: Object-Oriented DataBase Management

(Net lingo) System
OMI: Open Management Interface OODL: Object-Oriented Dynamic Language
OMI: Open Messaging Interface OODS: Object-Oriented Data Source
OMI: Open Microprocessor Initiative OOF: Out Of Frame
State that occurs when several consecutive Synchronous Digital
OMI-STN: Optical Mode Interface-SuperTwisted
Hierarchy (SDH) frames are received with invalid (errored)
Nematic framing patterns (Communication)
OML: Object Manipulation Language OOFS: Object-Oriented File System
(Software) (Operating systems)
OMR: Optical Mark Recognition OOL: Object-Oriented Language
OMS: Object Management System OOo:
OMSA: OpenManage Server Administrator Free productivity suite compatible with all major office suites.
Suite of tools provided by Dell for managing an individual server. See also (Software)
See the official OpenManage site, OOO: Out Of Office
(Hardware) (Dell)
(Net lingo)
OMT: Object Modeling Technique
OOOE: Out Of Order Execution
Processor level architecture feature (Hardware)
OMW: On My Way
OOOS: Object-Oriented Operating System
(Net lingo)
OOP: Object-Oriented Programming
ON: Online Network
ONA: Open Network Architecture
OOPL: Object-Oriented Programming Language
ONAC: Operations Network Administration Center (Software)
ONAL: Off Network Access Line OOPS: Object-Oriented Programming System
ONC: Open Network Computing OOPSLA: Object-Oriented Programming Systems
(Network) (Sun) and Language Architecture
ONDS: Open Network Distribution Services OOPSTAD: Object-Oriented Programming for
(IBM) SmallTalk Application Development association
ONE: Open Network Environment OOS: Object-Oriented Systems
(Sun) OOS: Off-line Operating Simulator
ONI: Operator Number Identification OOS: Out Of Service O
ONL: ONLine OOSA: Object-Oriented System Analysis
(Net lingo)
OOSE: Object-Oriented Software Engineering
ONMS: Open Network Management System
OOSH: Object-Oriented SHell
ONS: Open Networking System
OOT: Object-Oriented Technology
ONU: Optical Network Unit
OO-TP: Object-Oriented Transaction Processing
OO: Object Oriented (Software)
OOA: Object-Oriented Analysis OOUI: Object-Oriented User Interface
OOAD: Object-Oriented Analysis and Design OOXML: Office Open eXtensible Markup Language
OOB: Out Of Band XML-based file format for electronic documents such as
Technical term with different uses in communications and spreadsheets, charts, presentations and word processing
telecommunication. It refers to communications which occur documents. See ISO/IEC DIS 29500 and ECMA 376 (Software)
outside of a previously established communications method or OP: OPeration
channel (Communication)
OPA: Open Publishing Architecture
OOBE: Object-Oriented Business Engineering
OPAC: On-line Public Access Catalog
OOBE: Out-Of-Box Experience
What happens when you first open the box containing your new OPC: Ole for Process Control
OPC: Open Process Control
OOCASE: Object Oriented Computer Aided Software
OPC: Optical PhotoConductor
OPC: Organic Photoconducting Cartridge
OOCTG: Object-Oriented Cobol Task Group
OOD: Object-Oriented Design
OPCODE: OPerational CODE
OODB: Object-Oriented DataBase
OPD: OPeranD Page 118 of 185


OpenGL: OPEN Graphics Language ORM: Object/Relational Mapping

Single, vendor-independent Application Programming Interface Technique of mapping a data representation from an object model
(API) for the development of 2D and 3D graphics applications to a relational data model with a SQL-based schema (Software)
(Software) (SGI)
ORM: Optical Remote Module
OPES: Open Pluggable Edge Services
ORMS: Operating Resource Management System
OPI: Open Press Interface
OROM: Optical Read Only Memory
OPL: Opaque Device Library
O-ROM: Optical Read Only Memory
OPL: OpenContent License
ORPC: Object Remote Procedure Call
Licensing scheme for content. See also (Software)

OPM: Operations Per Minute ORS: Output Record Separator

OPML: Outline Processor Markup Language ORSS: Optical Recognition System Simulator
XML-based format that allows exchange of outline-structured OS: Operating System
information between applications running on different operating A collection of programs that monitor the use of the system and
systems and environments supervise the other programs executed by it (Operating systems)
OPOS: Ole for Point Of Sale OS/2: Operating System 2
OPP: Order Processing Pipeline (Operating systems) (IBM)
(Network) (Microsoft) OS/360: Operating System/360
OPROM: Optical Programmable Read Only Memory OS/400: Operating System/400
OS/E: Operating System/Environment
OPS: Off Premise Station
A PBX station in a location separated from the location of the OS-9: Operating System-9
main PBX (Communication) OSA: Open Scripting Architecture
OPS: Open Profiling Standard OSA: Open System Architecture
OSAF: Open Source Applications Foundation
ops: Operations Per Second Organization that aims to create and gain wide adoption of Open
OPS: Oracle Parallel Server Source application software of uncompromising quality and to
build an innovative, sustainable alternative application despite
market inertia. See also
OPT: Open Protocol Technology (Organizations)

OSCE: OfficeScan Corporate Edition

OPT: OPTions
File name extension
OSCML: OSChooser Markup Language
OPUS: Octal Program Updating System (Operating systems) (Microsoft)

OQL: Object Query Language OSCRL: Operating System Command Response

OQS: Object Query Service
(Software) OSD: On-Screen Display
OR: OverRun
(Hardware) OSD: Open Software Description
An application of the eXtensible Markup Language (XML), is a
ORB: Object Request Broker vocabulary used for describing software packages and their
dependencies for heterogeneous clients
ORBS: Open Relay Behaviour-modification System
ORBZ: Open Relay Blackhole Zone OSD: Open Source Definition
The definition of the "open source" concept. See also
ORDB: Open Relay DataBase
A service to fight against spam or unsolicited commercial email
OSD: Operating System Deployment
(UCE). See
(Operating systems) (Microsoft)
ORDBMS: Object Relational DataBase Management
System OSDL: Open Source Development Lab
(Databases) Non-profit, global consortium of leading technology companies
dedicated to accelerating the adoption of Linux. See
ORDVAC: ORDnance Variable Automatic Computer (Organizations)

ORI: Online Retrieval Interface OSDN: Open Source Development Network

ORK: Office Resource Kit
(Software) (Microsoft) OSDS: Operating System for Distributed Switching
ORM: Object Role Modeling OSE: Office Server Extension
(Databases) (Software) (Microsoft)
OSE: Open Systems Environment Page 119 of 185


OSF: Open Software Foundation OSS: Operating System-Specific

OSS: Operations Support System
OSF: Operation System Function
OSSIM: Open Source Security Information
OSGi: Open Services Gateway Initiative Management
Independent, non-profit corporation working to define and Distribution of open source products that are integrated to
promote open specifications for the delivery of managed provide an infrastructure for security monitoring. See also
broadband services to networks in homes, cars and other (Security)
environments. See also (Organizations)
OST: Offline STorage
OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health
OSTA: Optical Storage Technology Association
OSW/L2: Operating System-9 Windows/Level 2
OSI: Open Source Initiative
See OSX: Operating System Ten
Apple's unix operating system (Operating systems) (Apple)
OSI: Open Systems Interconnection
7-layer hierarchical reference structure developed by the OT: Object Technology
International Standards Organization for defining, specifying, and
relating communications protocols; not a standard or a protocol OT: Off Topic
(Communication) (Net lingo)

OSI/RM: Open Systems Interconnection/Reference OTA: Office of Technology Assessment

Model OTA: Operation-Triggered Architecture
OSIG: Online Special Interest Group OTDR: Optical Time Domain Reflectometer
OSM: On-Screen Manager OTF: Open Token Foundation
(Hardware) (NEC)
OTI: Object Technology International
OSM: On-Screen Menu
OTM: Object Transaction Monitor
OSM: Operating system-Specific Module
OSM: Optical Storage Manager OTM: Optical Translation Measurement
OSME: Open Systems Message Exchange (Hardware)

OSN: Office System Node OTML: Offline Tagging Markup Language

OSN: Open Service Node OTN: Oracle Technology Network
(Communication) (Oracle)

OSN: Open Systems Network OTOH: On The Other Hand

(Net lingo)
OSP: Ole db Simple Provider O
(Databases) (Microsoft) OTP: One-Time Password authentication
OSP: Online Service Provider
Companies that offer an extensive online array of services of their OTP: One-Time Programmable
own apart from the rest of the Internet. Connecting to the
Internet through an OSP is usually an alternative to connecting OTP: Open Trading Protocol
through an Internet Service Provider (ISP) The Internet Open Trading Protocol (OTP) provides an
interoperable framework for Internet commerce. It is payment
OSP: On-Screen Programming system independent and encapsulates payment systems such as
SET, Mondex, CyberCash, DigiCash, GeldKarte, etc.
OSP: Operations Service Provider
OTPROM: One-Time Programmable Read Only
OSP: Optical Signal Processing
OTS: Object Transaction Service
OSP: Optical Storage Processor
OU: Organizational Unit
OSPF: Open Shortest Path First
An Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) specified by the Internet OUCL: Oxford University Computing Laboratory
Engineering Task Force (IETF) (Network)
OUG: Occam User Group
OSPM: Operating System-directed Power
OUI: Organizationally Unique Identifier
24-bit number purchased from the Institute of Electrical and
With OSPM, the operating system determines when to do power Electronics Engineers, Incorporated (IEEE) Registration Authority.
management and the BIOS determines how to do power This identifier uniquely identifies a vendor, manufacturer, or
management. The two pieces work in concert to provide other organization globally or worldwide
maximum power savings
OURS: Open User Recommended Solutions group
OSQL: Object Structured Query Language
OUTS: OUTput String
OSR: Oem Service Release
OV: OVerflow
OSS: Open Source Software
(Software) OVAL: Object-based Virtual Application Language Page 120 of 185


OVF: Open Virtualization Format P3P: Platform for Privacy Preferencies Project
Standard format for packaging and describing virtual machines
PA: Platform for Privacy Preferences Project
and applications for deployment across heterogeneous
virtualization platforms (Hardware) (HP)

OVL: OVerLay PAB: Personal Address Book

File name extension PABX: Private Automatic Branch eXchange
OVR: OVeRlay (Hardware)
File name extension PAC: Perceptual Audio Coder
OWA: Outlook Web Access (Hardware)
(Network) (Microsoft) PAC: Platform Adaptor Component
OWASP: Open Web Application Security Project PAC: Privilege Attribute Certificate
Worldwide free and open community focused on improving the
security of application software. See also PAC: Programme Advisory Committee
(Organizations) (Communication)

OWC: Office Web Component PACE: Priority Access Control Enabled

Collection of COM controls designed to bring interactive (3Com)
spreadsheet modeling, database reporting, and data visualization
to a number of control containers (Software) (Microsoft)
PACS: Picture Archiving and Communication System

OWG: Optical WaveGuide PACS-L: Public Access Computer Systems List

OWL: Object Windows Library PAD: Packet Assembler/Disassembler

An access device to an X.25 network (Communication)
(Software) (Borland)
OWL: Web Ontology Language PADS: Pen Application Development System
Semantic markup language for publishing and sharing ontologies PAE: Physical Addressing Extension
on the World Wide Web. OWL is developed as a vocabulary Extension for Windows 2000/2003 Advanced Server to address
extension of RDF (the Resource Description Framework) and is more than 4 GB of memory (Operating systems) (Microsoft)
derived from the DAML+OIL Web Ontology Language
PAF: Postal Address File
O-WORM: Optical Write Once Read Many
PAIH: Public-Access Internet Host
OWT: Open source Windowing Toolkit
PAIS: Public-Access Internet Site
OXC: Optical Cross Connect
(Communication) PAK: PAcKed
File name extension

P PAL: PALette
File name extension
P: Paragraph
HTML tag PAL: Paradox Application Language O
(Databases) (Borland)
P: Peta
Prefix for 10 power 15 (or, in IT parlance, 2 power 50) PAL: Phase Alternate Line P
European TV standard. A composite color standard similar to
p: Pico NTSC, except that the v-axis subcarrier reference signal inverts in
Prefix for 10 power -12 phase at the horizontal line rate
P&D: Plug & Display PAL: Privileged Architecture Library
PAL: Processor Abstraction Layer
P&M: Personalization & Membership Contains the code necessary to initially boot the processor and
(Microsoft) includes error recovery and processor self-test routines
(Hardware) (Intel)
P&S: Point And Shoot
Digital camera type (Hardware) PAL: Programmable Array Logic
P&S: Publish & Subscribe
PAL: Programmable Assembly Language
P/N: Part Number
PAL: Publication Access List
P/PC: Palm Personal Computer
SQL Server replication security mechanism (Databases)
(Hardware) (Microsoft)
P/T: Part Time PALC: Parallel-Aligned Liquid crystal Spatial Light
P2C2: Pantone Personal Color Calibrator Modulator
(Pantone) Display technology

P2P: Peer To Peer PALS: Principles of the Alphabet Literacy System

P2P: People To People PAL-SLM: Parallel-Aligned Liquid crystal Spa tial

Light Modulator
P2P: Point To Point
P2SC: Power 2 Super Chip PAM: Paging Area Memory
IBM's Deep Blue processor (Hardware) (IBM) Page 121 of 185


PAM: Pluggable Authentication Module PB: PetaByte

With the Pluggable Authentication Module (PAM) framework, 2 to the 50th power bytes. Is equal to 1024 terabytes
multiple authentication technologies can be added without
changing any of the login services, thereby preserving existing PB: Pipeline Burst
system environments (Security) Cache memory architecture (Hardware)

PAM: Presence and Availability Management PBA: Printed Board Assembly

Java APIs to disseminate and manage presence information PBC: Port Bypass Circuit
securely across heterogeneous networks and applications. See
also (Software) (Hardware)

PAM: Primary Access Method PBCAK: Problem Between Chair And Keyboard
It's when the problem is the computer user (Net lingo)
PAM: Programmable Attribute Map
PBD: PowerBuilder Dynamic library
PAM: Pulse-Amplitude Modulation (Databases) (Sybase)
PBE: Prompt By Example
PAMR: Public Access Mobile Radio
PBGA: Plastic Ball Grid Array
PAN: Personal Account Number (Hardware)
PAN: Personal Area Network PBI: Phone Based Interface
PBM: Play By Mail
PAP: PAcket-level Procedure
PBOT: Physical Beginning of Tape
PAP: Password Authentication Protocol (Hardware)
A security provision in point-to-point protocol (PPP) (Network)
PBR: Policy-Based Routing
PAP: Printer Access Protocol (Cisco)
PAP: Protected Audio Path PBX: Private Branch eXchange
Initiative under investigation for how to provide encryption of Privately owned central switching office (Communication)
audio over user accessible buses
PC: Personal Computer
PAP: Push Access Protocol
PC: Pipeline Clock
PAR: Parallel
Used to specify the memory's speed. Example PC 800 (Hardware)
PAR: Personal Animation Recorder
PC: Printed Circuit
PAR: Personal Audio Recorder
PC: Program Counter
A CPU register that contains the address (location) of the
PAR: Project Authorization Request instruction to be executed next in the program sequence

PARC: Palo Alto Research Center PC: Programmable Controller

(Organizations) (Xerox) A slightly smart electronic circuit, usually for industrial
processes; acronym quickly changed to PLC after IBM brought out
PA-RISC: Precision Architecture Reduced its Personal Computer (Hardware)
Instruction Set Computer P
PC/IXF: Personal Computer Intergrated eXchange
PC/SC: Personal Computer Smart Card
File name extension
PAS: Publicly Available Specification
PC/TCP: Personal Computer Integrated eXchange
PAS/2: Personal Application System/2 Format
PAT: PATtern PCA: Payment gateway Certification Authority
File name extensions
PCA: Personal internet Client Architecture
PAT: Performance Acceleration Technology (Intel)
Speeds data flow between the processor and system memory to
increase performance. Introduced with the Intel 875P chipset
PCA: Power Calibration Area
(Hardware) (Intel) PCACIAS: Personal Computer Automated
PAT: Port Address Translation Calibration Interval Analysis System
(Communication) PCAV: Partial Constant Angular Velocity
PATA: Parallel Advanced Technology Attachment (Hardware)
Peripheral bus architecture (Hardware) PCB: Printed Circuit Board
PATN: Port Access Telephone Number (Hardware)

PAV: Parallel Access Volumes PCB: Program Control Block

PAWS: Protect Against Wrapped Sequences PCBC: Plain Cipher Block Chaining
(Network) PCBO: Personal Computer Branch Office
PAX: Portable Archive eXchange (IBM) Page 122 of 185


PCD: Photo Compact Disc PCR: Packet Cell Rate

File format for digitized photos (Kodak)
PCR: Processor Configuration Register
PCDA: Program Controlled Data Acquisition
PCS: Patchable Control Store
PC-DOS: Personal Computer - Disk Operating
PCS: Personal Communication Service
(IBM) PCS: Personal Computing System
PCEB: PCi to Eisa Bridge
(Intel) PCS: Personal Conferencing Specification
PCF: Packet Control Function PCS: Physical Code Sublayer
(Communication) (Network)

PCFS: Personal Computer FIle System PCS: Planning Control Sheet

A file system specification that provides the capability to read and PCS: Print Contrast Signal
write files in DOS format on the SPARC (Operating systems) (Sun)
PCS: Process Control Systems
PCI: Peripheral Component Interconnect
A 32-bit bus providing a maximum 132 Mbyte/sec data transfer PCS: Program Counter Store
rate. PCI devices have autoconfiguration capabilities and do not
PCS: Project Control System
have to be configured by users (Hardware)
PCSA: Personal Computing Systems Architecture
PCI: Protocol Control Information
PCT: PiCTure
PC-I/O: Program Controlled Input/Output
File name extension
PCIC: Pc-Card Interrupt Controller
PCT: Private Communication Technology
PCI-E: Peripheral Component Interconnect - (Communication)
New interface replacing PCI and AGP, max bandwidth of
PCTE: Portable Common Tool Environment
500MB/sec (Hardware) PCX: PiCture eXchange
PCI-E: Peripheral Component Interconnect Express File name extension
Evolution of the PCI bus that allows faster trasfers (Hardware) PD: Personal Display
PCL: Portable Common Loops (Hardware)

PCL: Printer Control Language PD: Phase change Dual

(HP) Optical recording system (Hardware) (Matsushita)

PCL: Process Control Language PD: Portable Device

PCL: Programmable Command Language
PD: Public Domain
PCM: Personal Computer Manufacturer
PDA: Personal Digital Assistant
PCM: Physical Connection Management
PCM: Printer Cartridge Metric
PDB: Palm DataBase P
File name extension
PDB: Program DataBase
PCM: Process Change Management
Microsoft's format for debug indormation, not embedded in the
(Software) object file or executable (Software) (Microsoft)
PCM: Pulse Code Modulation PDC: Personal Digital Cellular
(Communication) (Hardware)
PCMA: Paired Carrier Multiple Access PDC: Primary Domain Controller
PCMC: Pci, Cache and Memory Controller Provides user/computer domain authentication (Operating
systems) (Microsoft)
PCMCIA: Personal Computer Memory Card PDC: Professional Developer Conference
International Association (Microsoft)
An organization that supports several standards for a compact PD-CD: Phase-change Dual Compact Disk
hardware interface that accepts a variety of devices (Hardware)
PDD: Physical Device Driver
PCMIM: Personal Computer Media Interface Module
PDD: Portable Digital Document
PCMS: Project and Configuration Management
System PDE: Plug-in Development Environment
Project extending the Platform and the JDT to provide views and
PCN: Personal Computer Network editors that make it easier to build plug-ins for Eclipse. See
PCN: Public Communications Network (Software)

PCNFS: Personal Computer Network File System PDES: Product Data Exchange Specification

PCO: Point of Control and Observation PDF: Package Definition File Page 123 of 185


PDF: Portable Document Format PDSS: Post Development and Software Support
File format for document interchange (Adobe)
PDT: Pacific Daylight Time
PDF: Printer Description File Timezone: GMT -8:00
File name extension (Borland)
PDT: Performance Diagnostic Tool
PDF: Processor Defined Function (IBM)
PDF: Program Development Facility PDT: Pliable Display Technology
PDH: Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy
(Communication) PDT: Programmable Drive Table
PDI: Personal Data Interchange PDU: Plug Distribution Unit
PDU: Protocol Data Unit
PDI: Power and Data Interface The ISO/OSI term for packet. A PDU is a data object exchanged
by protocol machines (entities) within a given layer. PDUs consist
PDIAL: Public Dialup Internet Access List of both protocol control information (PCI) and user data
PDK: Product Development Kit PDW: Package and Deployment Wizard
(Network) (Intel) (Microsoft)
PDL: Page Description Language PDX: ParaDoX
PDL: Program Description Language File name extension (Borland)

PDL: Program Design Language PDX: Phone Data eXchange

PDM: Product Data Management
PDX: Printer Description eXtension
PDM: Program Development Manager
PE: Parallel Environment
PDN: Public Data Network
(Operating systems) (IBM)
PE: Parity Error
PDO: Portable Distributed Objects
(Operating systems)
PE: Parity Even
PDOM: Persistent Document Object Model
PE: Personal Edition
PDP: Parallel Data Processing
PDP: Plasma Display Panel
PE: Phase Encoding
PE: Portable Executable
PDP: Policy Decision Point
File format for Win32 programs (Software) (Microsoft)
The point where policy decisions are made, responsible for
handling policy decisions on behalf of PEPs (Network) PE: Processing Element
PDP: Primary Dos Partition
(Operating systems) (Microsoft) PE: Professional Edition P
PDP: Programmable Data Processor (Software)

PDQ: Parallel Data Queries PE: Protect Enable

PDQ: Pretty Darn Quick PE: Provider Edge

(Net lingo)
PDR: Personal Digital Recorder PEA: Pocket Ethernet Adapter
(Hardware) PEAP: Protected Extensible Authentication Protocol
PDS: Packet Driver Specification A protocol proposed by Microsoft, Cisco and RSA Security for
securely transporting authentication data, including passwords,
PDS: Partitioned Data Set over 802.11 wireless networks (Security)
(Databases) (IBM) PEAR: Php Extension and Application Repository
PDS: Planetary Data System See (Software)

PDS: Portable Document Software PEARL: Process and Experiment Automation

Realtime Language
PDS: Processor Direct Slot
(Apple) PEBCAC: Problem Exists Between Chair and
PDS: Professional Developer's Summit
Tech support types sometimes use this to explain to each other
(Microsoft) that the user is incompetent (Net lingo)
PDSN: Packet Data Serving Node PEBCAK: Problem Exists Between Chair And
Provides access to the Internet, intranets and applications servers Keyboard
for mobile stations utilizing a cdma2000 Radio Access Network Describes the location of many computer glitches (Net lingo)
PDSP: Peripheral Data Storage Processor Page 124 of 185


PEBKAC: Problem Exists Between Keyboard And PFA: Predictive Failure Analysis
PFB: Printer Font Binary
An answer to problems with inexperienced computer users (Net
File name extension
PEC: Program Execution Control PFC: Power Factor Correction
Feature included in some power supply boxes that reduces the
PECL: Php Extension Community Library amount of reactive power generated (Hardware)
See (Software)
PFC: Powerbuilder Foundation Class
PEEK: Partners Early Experience Kit (Software) (Sybase)
PEEL: Programmable Electrically Erasable Logic PFE: Programmer's File Editor
PFM: Printer Font Metrics
PEL: Picture ELement File name extension
PFN: Page Frame Number
PEM: Port Expander Module
PFPU: Processor Frame Power Unit
PEM: Privacy-enhanced Electronic Mail
PFR: Portable Font Resource
PFR: Power Fail Restart
PEOT: Physical End Of Tape
(Hardware) PFS: Page Free Space
PEP: Packet Exchange Protocol
PFS: Parallel File System
PEP: Packetized Ensemble Protocol
(Operating systems)
PEP: Point-Edge-Polygon
PFX: Personal inFormation eXchange
Type of graphics editor (Software)
PEP: Policy Enforcement Point
PFY: Pimple Faced Youth
A port on a network device where the policy decisions are
Young assistant to Bastard Operator From Hell (BOFH) (Net lingo)
actually enforced (Network)
PERC: Portable Environment for Real-time Control PGA: Pin Grid Array
IC pins organization (Hardware)
(Operating systems)
PERC: PowerEdge Raid Controller PGA: Professional Graphics Adapter
(Hardware) (Dell)
PERL: Practical Extraction Report Language PGA: Programmable Gate Array
A flexible programming language especially designed for
processing text (Software) PGC: Program Group Control
PERM: Pre-Embossed Rigid Magnetic (Microsoft)
(Hardware) PGD: Planar Gas Discharge
PEROM: Programmable Erasable Read Only Memory Display technology (Hardware) P
PERT: Program Evaluation and Review Technique PGDN: PaGe DowN

PES: Packetized Elementary Stream PGL: Professional Graphics Language

(Communication) PGM: Portable GrayMap
PES: Positioning Error Signal File format for images (Software)

PES: Processor Enhancement Socket PGM: Pragmatic General Multicast

Reliable multicast transport protocol for applications that require
PES: Proposed Encryption Standard ordered, duplicate-free, multicast data delivery from multiple
PET: Personal Electronic Transactor sources to multiple receivers (Network)
Commodore's first personal computer (Hardware) PGM: ProGraM
PET: Platform Event Trap PGML: Precision Graphics Markup Language
Provides advance warning of possible system failures; generated (Adobe)
by systems with Alert Standard Format (ASF) or an IPMI
baseboard management controller (Hardware) PGP: Pretty Good Privacy
Encryption program (Software)
PET: Print Enhancement Technology
(Compaq) PGP: ProGram Parameter
File name extension (Autodesk)
PET: Progressive Educational Technology
PEU: Pci Expansion Unit
(Hardware) PHB: Per-Hop-Behavior
The forwarding treatment given to a specific class of traffic, based
PEX: Phigs Extension to X on criteria defined in the Differentiated Service field. Routers and
A protocol for 3-D graphics in a network window system that switches use PHBs to determine priorities for servicing various
supports both PHIGS and PHIGS PLUS features traffic flows (Network) Page 125 of 185


PHB: Pointy Haired Boss PID: Process IDentifier

Taken from the Dilbert comic strip (Net lingo) A unique, system-wide, identification number assigned to a
process. Also called process ID, process number (Operating
PHF: Perfect Hash Function systems)
PID: Product IDentifier
PHIGS: Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive
Graphics Standard PID: Proportional, Integral, Derivative
An international standard 3-D graphics library consisting of a PIDL: Personalized Information Description
graphical tool set for application developers. PHIGS uses Language
hierarchical data structures. You can create, alter, manipulate,
and store objects dynamically PIE: Presence, Identity and Edge
Core constituents of peer to peer (P2P) applications
PHIGS PLUS: Programmer's Hierarchical Interactive
Graphics Standard Plus Lumiere Und Surfaces PIER: Procedures for Internet/Enterprise
An extension to PHIGS that includes additional capabilities, such Renumbering
as lighting from single and multiple sources, depth-cueing,
NURBS, and complex geometric primitives PIF: Picture Interchange Format
File name extension
PHOLED: PHosphorescent Organic Light Emitting
Diode PIF: Program Information File
(Hardware) File name extension (Microsoft)

PHP: Personal Home Pages PII: Pentium 2

Now is Perl Hypertext Preprocessor (Hardware) (Intel)

PHP: Php: Hypertext Preprocessor PII: Personally Identifiable Information

Open-source general-purpose server-side scripting language that (Security)
is especially suited for Web development and can be embedded PII: Program Integrated Information
into HTML. See also (Software)
PIII: Pentium 3
PHS: Personal Handphone System
(Hardware) (Intel)
PHY: PHisical laYer
PIIX: Pci Ide/Isa Accelerator
PI: PHysical laYer
PILOT: Programmed Inquiry Learning Or Teaching
PIA: Peripheral Interface Adapter
PIM: Personal Information Manager
PIM: Platform Independent Model
PiB: PebIByte
Unit of measurement, introduced by the International PIM: Primary Interface Module
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), correspondig to 1024 TiB
PIM: Print Image Matching
PIBKAC: Problem Is Between Keyboard And Chair (Hardware)
Typical cause of most computer errors (Net lingo)
PIM: Protocol Independent Multicast
PIC: Personal Information Carrier IP routing protocol-independent and can leverage whichever
PIC: Personal Intelligent Communicator
unicast routing protocols are used to populate the unicast routing
table, including EIGRP, OSPF, BGP, and static routes (Network)
PIC: Point In Call PIM-DM: Protocol Independent Multicast-Dense
PIC: Primary Interexchange Carrier Mode
(Communication) Uses a push model to flood multicast traffic to every corner of the
network (Network)
PIC: Priority Interrupt Controller
(Hardware) PIMPL: Pissing In My Pants Laughing
(Net lingo)
PIC: Programmable Interrupt Controller
(Hardware) PIM-SM: Protocol Independent Multicast-Sparse
PICNIC: Problem In Chair Not In Computer Uses a pull model to deliver multicast traffic. Only network
(Net lingo) segments with active receivers that have explicitly requested the
data will receive the traffic (Network)
PICO: PIne COmposer
Simple, command line Unix text editor (Software) PIN: Personal Identification Number
PICS: Platform for Internet Content Selection PIN: Positive Intrinsic Negative
PICS: Plug-in Inventory Control System PIN: Process Identification Number
PICS: Protocol Implementation Conformance PIN: Processor Independent Netware
Statement PINE: Pine Is Not Elm
PICS/DCPR: Protocol Implementation Conformance PING: Packet INternet Groper
Statement/Detailed Continuing Property Record
PINX: Private Integrated services Network
PID: Personal IDentifier eXchange
(Software) (Communication) Page 126 of 185


PIO: Parallel Input/Output PL: Perl Language

File name extension
PIO: Processor Input/Output
PL/1: Programming Language/1
PIO: Programmable Input/Output
Programming language (Software)
PL/IP: Parallel Line Internet Protocol
PIP: Pattern and Information Processing
PL/M: Programming Language for Microcomputers
PIP: Periphal Interchange Program
PIP: Peripheral Interchange Program
PL/SQL: Procedural Language/Structured Query
PIP: Personal Information Processor Language
PIP: Picture In Picture (Databases) (Oracle)
(Hardware) PLA: Programmable Logic Array
PIP: Problem Isolation Procedure An array of logic elements. Its interconnections are
programmable after manufacture (Hardware)
PIP: Programmable Interconnect Point
PLAF: Pluggable Look And Feel
PIPE: Private Internet Protocol Encapsulation (Software)
Extension of RFC 2003 (IP Encapsulation within IP) which allows
to encapsulate and decapsulate private IP addresses in the same PLATO: Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching
way as described in RFC 2003, and to transfer them across the Operations
public Internet (also referred to as "tunneling" in RFC 2003)
PLB: Picture Level Benchmark
In computer graphics, an industry-standard benchmark method
PIPO: Parallel In, Parallel Out used to measure graphics performance
PIR: Protocol Independent Routing PLBCAK: Problem Lies Between Chair And Keyboard
PIR: Public Interest Registry Describes the location of many computer glitches (Net lingo)
Registry for the .org domain name extension (Organizations) PLBKC: Problem Lies Between Keyboard and Chair
PIT: Point In Time A Useless User (Net lingo)

PIT: Programmable Interval Timer PLBSI: Picture Level Benchmark Sample

PLC: PowerLine Communication
PITA: Pain In The A**
Technology that uses the power lines to connecto to the Internet
(Net lingo)
PITB: Pain In The Butt
PLC: Programmable Logic Controller
(Net lingo)
PIU: Path Information Unit
PLCC: Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier
PIX: Private Internet eXchange (Hardware)
Popular IP firewall and network address translation (NAT)
PLCC: Plastic Leadless Chip Carrier
appliance. It was one of the first products in this market segment
(Hardware) (Cisco)
PLCP: Physical Layer Convergence Procedure
PJL: Printer Job Language PLD: Programmable Logic Device
(Hardware) (HP) (Hardware)
PJPEG: Progressive Joint Photographic Experts PLDI: Programming Language Design and
Group Implementation
Compressed images file format
PLDS: Pilot Land Data System
P-JPEG: Progressive Joint Photographic Experts (NASA)
PLE: Programmable Logic Element
Compressed images file format
PK: Primary Key
pLED: Polymeric Light Emitting Diode
PKC: Public Key Cryptography
PLF: Pluggable Look and Feel
PKCS: Public Key Cryptography Standard (Software)
PKE: Private Key Encryption PLIP: Parallel Line Internet Protocol
PKI: Public Key Infrastructure (Communication)
(Security) PLL: Phase-Locked Loop
PKIX: Public-Key Infrastructure (X.509) PLL: PreLinked Library
A working group of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) File name extension
that is developing Internet standards needed to support a PKI
based on X.509 certificates PL-LCD: PhotoLuminescent Liquid Cristal Display
PKM: Personal Knowledge Management Page 127 of 185


PLM: Product Lifecycle Management PML: Pattern Markup Language

It's the process of managing the entire lifecycle of a product from XML-based format to describe software patterns. A pattern
its conception, through design and manufacture, to service and represents a recurring solution to a software development
disposal.It is one of the four cornerstones of a corporation's problem within a particular context (Software)
information technology structure
PML: Personal Mailing List
PLMN: Public Land Mobile Network
PMM: Post Memory Manager
A mechanism used by option ROMs to allocate RAM memory for
PLO: Phase Locked Oscillator use during system startup (Hardware)
PMML: Predictive Modeling Markup Language
PLOS: Parent Looking Over Shoulder
PMMU: Paged Memory Management Unit
(Net lingo)
PL-OU: PhotoLuminescent Liquid Crystal Display
PMOS: Positive Channel Metal Oxide Semiconductor
PLS: PhysicaL Signaling
PMP: Performance Management Pack
PLS: PLeaSe (Operating systems) (HP)
(Net lingo)
PMP: Point to MultiPoint
PLS: Primary Link Station
PMP: Portable Music Player
PLU: Primary Logical Unit (Hardware)
PLV: Production Level Video PMP: Preventive Maintenance Package
PM: Performance Monitoring PMPL: Pi**ing My Pants Laughing
(Net lingo)
PM: Peripheral Module
PM: Phase Modulation PMR: Problem Management Report
PM: Power Management
PMS: Pantone Matching System
A spot color matching system used by printers. By specifying a
PM: Presentation Manager Pantone name or number you are assured of having a known spot
color in the printed page
PM: Preventative Maintenance
PMS: Policy Management System
PM: Private Message
(Net lingo) PMT: PhotoMultiuplier Tube
Scanning sensor (Hardware)
PM: Process Manager
PMU: PhotoMultiplier Tube
PM: Programming Model
(Software) (Microsoft) PN: Processing Node
PM/X: Presentation Manager for X PNA: Phoneline Networking Alliance
PM6: PageMaker 6
Filename extension (Adobe) PNA: Programmable Network Access
PMA: Photo Marketing Association PNA: Progressive Networks Audio
(Organizations) A proprietary protocol for backward compatibility with
RealSystem versions 3 through 5. URLs using PNA start with
PMA: Physical Medium Attachment pnm://
PNC: Planet NetCom
PMA: Program Memory Area Australian internet service provider
PMAC: Peripheral Module Access Controller PNC: Prestige Network Commander
PMC: Pci Mezzanine Card (Software) (Zyxel)
(Hardware) PnD: Plug aNd Display
PMC: Project Management Committee (Hardware)
(Software) PNG: Portable Network Graphics
PMD: Packet Mode Data File format for graphics network transmission

PMD: Physical Media Dependence PNI: Prescott New Instructions

(Network) Processor core extenstion code which serves to improve thread
synchronization (Hardware) (Intel)
PME: Power Management Event
PNNI: Private Network to Network Interface
Feature that allows most LAN