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INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA MONSEÑOR ALFONSO URIBE JARAMILLO

LA CEJA-ANTIOQUIA
DANE: 105376000113
NIT: 811021477-1

GUÍA PEDAGÓGICA DE ÁREAS INTEGRADAS: INGLÉS

DOCENTE: NELSON BEDOYA GRADO 11º ABC FECHA Septiembre PERÍODO GUIA
7/2020 TERCERO #5
OBJETIVO Reconocer y trabajar la voz pasiva y activa en inglés. Practicar y repasar
todos los temas estudiados mediante simulacro icfes.
EJE TRANSVERSAL Desarrollo investigativo y contextualizado, a través de procesos de
pensamiento que estructure la integralidad de los aprendizajes, que
permitan aprender a ser, saber y saber hacer, en relación consigo mismo,
la sociedad y la naturaleza.
EJE TEMÁTICO Voz pasiva y activa en inglés. Modelos y trabajo con los siete componentes
para las pruebas saber. (icfes)
RECURSOS PARA EL Cuaderno de inglés. Diccionario de inglés. Lista de verbos irregulares.
APRENDIZAJE Implementos escolares. Internet. Docente, padres de familia y
estudiante.
METODOLOGÍA Y Ejercicio para pasar de voz activa a voz pasiva y vice-verza. Competencia
CRITERIOS DE interpretativa. Manejo de las categorías gramaticales en el idioma inglés
EVALUACIÓN (sustantivos, verbos, adverbios, adjetivos, etc.) interpretación de lecturas
textuales e intra textuales. Uso correcto de auxiliares y verbos regulares e
irregulares. Desarrollo de actividades con los componenetes del icfes,
REFERENTES Malla curricular de inglés, grado 11°, I.E. Monseñor Alfonso Uribe Jaramillo.
BILIOGRÁFICOS Estándares curriculares, inglés, Ministerio de Educación Nacional.
Derechos Básicos de Aprendizaje, Ministerio de Educación Nacional.
Código Icfes, Gladys Alicia Rey Castellanos, Armonía impresores
Ldta.2011.

PASSIVE VOICE
La voz pasiva se utiliza para mostrar interés por la persona o cosa que es objeto de una acción, en
lugar de la persona o cosa que realiza dicha acción. Dicho de otro modo, la persona o cosa más
importante pasa a ser el sujeto de la oración. Es usada en un 90 % para escribir, ya que da elegancia
al discurso.
La voz pasiva suele utilizarse en textos formales.
Tipos de oraciones pasivas

Las oraciones pasivas pueden incluir o no al complemento agente, a veces ni siquiera es posible
identificar un agente concreto. Esto define dos categorías dentro de las oraciones pasivas: pasivas
personales y pasivas impersonales.
Pasivas personales. Existe un complemento agente, que puede ser nombrado u omitido. Por
ejemplo: Estos zapatos fueron fabricados por Pedro. Those shoes were built by Peter.
Pasivas impersonales: No existe un agente concreto que realiza la acción. Por ejemplo: Estos
zapatos fueron fabricados en China. Those shoes were built in China.

Para pasar oraciones de la voz activa a la voz pasiva, simplemente tenemos que:

A) Cambiar el orden del sujeto y el objeto.


B) Añadir el auxiliar “to be” en el tiempo verbal de la voz activa.
C) Añadir el participio del verbo principal

“Somos instrumentos de paz”


Cra. 16 N° 25 – 26 La Ceja, Antioquia, teléfonos 553 11 96 – 568 49 08 correo electrónico: institucion.monsenor@gmail.com
D) Usar la particula BY (por)
E) Usar los pronombres objeto (ME-YOU-HIM-HER-IT-US-THEM)
Presente simple
Voz activa: John writes the letter Voz pasiva: The letter is written by him.
Presente continuo
Voz activa: John is writing the letter Voz pasiva: The letter is being written by him.
Pasado simple
Voz activa: John wrote the letter Voz pasiva: The letter was written by him.
Pasado continuo
Voz activa: John was writing the letter Voz pasiva: The letter was being written by him.
Presente perfecto
Voz activa: John has written the letter Voz pasiva: The letter has been written by him.
Pasado perfecto
Voz activa: John had written the letter Voz pasiva: The letter had been written by him.
Futuro (Will)
Voz activa: John will write the letter Voz pasiva: The letter will be written by him.
Futuro (going to)
Voz activa: John is going to write the letter Voz pasiva: The letter is going to be written by
him.
Futuro perfecto
Voz active: John will have written the letter Voz pasiva: The letter will have been written by
him.

APLICATION ACTIVITIES
A. Pass the sentences below from active voice to passive voice

1. They have arrested the suspect


2.. They are collecting the furniture tomorrow.
3. Someone stole my bike last night.
4. We'll take a decision this week.
5. They deliver the newspaper every morning.
6. The board has appointed Jane managing director.
7. They were making the film when the director died.
8. They produced a lot of cheese in this region.
9. He will have sung a wonderful song.
10. I was not buying a new car.

B. Pass the following sentences from passive voice to active voice

1. The wall has been painted blue.


2. The stolen money was found by the police.
3. The book was written by his grandmother.
4. The song was written by me.
5. The sweater was made by my girlfriend.
6. The suspect was arrested this morning by them.
7. The house was built two decades ago by us.
8. The secret was never discovered by Patty.
9. The company was founded in 1990 by her.
10. The bone will be eaten by it.

MINI SIMULACRO - INGLÉS

PARA LAS PREGUNTAS 1 A 4, LEE LAS DESCRIPCIONES DE LA IZQUIERDA Y LUEGO


SELECCIONA LA OPCIÓN CORRESPONDIENTE EN LA COLUMNA DE LA DERECHA. LAS
CUATRO PREGUNTAS SE RESPONDEN CON EL MISMO GRUPO DE PALABRAS
1. It is a large amount of water covering an area of land that is usually dry. A. Earthquake
2. It is a long period of time during which there is very little or no rain. B. Blizzard
3. It is shaking of the surface of the earth that usually causes damage. C. Drought
4. It is a strong cold wind accompanied by an extensive heavy snowfall. D. Flood
CONTESTA LAS PREGUNTAS 5 A 8 CON BASE EN EL SIGUIENTE TEXTO

How did the Steam Engine changed life?


To fully appreciate the impact of the steam engine, let us go back to the time before the steam engine,
the 1600’s. At that time, power could be obtained mainly from three sources:
Wind. Wind power is free, and it does not involve complex machinery. The trouble with wind power is
that it’s not very constant, and can’t be used anywhere except on extremely flat terrain. Hills, and even
trees, can obstruct the wind.
Animal. Beasts like the horse or the ox provided animal power. It was abundant and fuel was easy to
get. The trouble with animal power is that it doesn’t scale up very well. If you need two horsepower to
move a wagon down a road, you tie two horses and there you go, but if you need two hundred
horsepower to turn the machinery in a factory, you have a problem.
Water. More correctly, water running downhill. Find a flow of water, build a water wheel, direct the
flow on top, and you have power. Unlike animal power, it can be scaled up – just find a larger stream
and build a larger water wheel. Unlike wind power, it was reliable. There was just one problem: water
running downhill only existed in certain places, usually around hills or mountains. So if you wanted to
get water power, you had to locate in the mountains. With the steam engine it was possible to run a
factory anywhere a person chose to build it. It was possible to move a ship, power a locomotive, and
pull hundreds of tons at high speed. Steam power not only ran the factories of the Industrial
Revolution, it also speeded up and made more reliable large scale transportation.
Taken and adapted from: http://johno.myiglou.com/SteamHistory.htm
5. According to the author, it is necessary to know the life before the steam engine invention
A. in order to understand better engine’s influence in common life.
B. to know the advantages of other energy sources during 1600’s.
C. because there wasn´t more power sources before its invention

6. Before the steam engine there was three main energy sources, but
A. it was not possible to scale them up very well in 1600’s.
B. they had some disadvantages that steam machine solved.
C. you had to locate in the mountains to use them well.
7. What energy source was both reliable and could be scaled up?
A. Water. B. Animals. C. Wind.

8. According to the reading, the steam engine is important because


A. the story of the steam engine is the story of modern invention.
B. the Industrial Revolution made more reliable transportation.
C. it contributed to the development of industry and transportation.

PARA LAS PREGUNTAS 9 A 12, LEE EL SIGUIENTE TEXTO Y ELIGE LA OPCIÓN


CORRECTA PARA COMPLETAR LOS ESPACIOS

The Mathematical Art of M.C. Escher


Do you enjoy optical illusions? How about drawings of things
that could never exist in real life? M.C. Escher (1898-1972) was
famous for his pictures of stairs that go around buildings both
upside down and right side up at the same time. He (9)
work with tonal marks and angles to give us pictures that look
realistic and accurate. Yet they also have a little fantasy. He
went to a school for architects where he learnt (10)
buildings. His teachers there told him he should study graphic
arts instead. He used unique buildings, rooflines or other
designs and wove them into the picture. He became a
world famous artist
(11) unusual works are easy to recognize. Escher created
unique and fascinating works of art that explore and exhibit a
wide range of mathematical ideas. Some of them where his
drawings of the tessellation (a tessellation is a kind of pattern
that covers a plane with regular or irregular polygons) of
geometric
shapes. Escher (12) by every kind of tessellation –

regular and irregular – and took special delight in what he called


“metamorphoses,” in which the shapes changed and interacted
with each other, and sometimes even broke free of the plane
itself.

Taken and adapted from: http://www.mathacademy.com/pr/minitext/escher/index.aspI


9. A. use B. used to C. used
10. A. design B. designing C. to design
11. A. whose B. who C. whom
12. A. fascinated B. was fascinated C. fascinates

EN LAS PREGUNTAS 13 A 16, COMPLETA LAS CONVERSACIONES CON LA OPCIÓN


CORRECTA
13. Hello! Can I talk to George, please?
A. Hi. He isn’t here yet, but I can take the message.
B. George is Maritza’s brother; he is very kind with me.
C. Talk to him, but don’t tell him I told you those things.
14. Are you from around here?
A. No, I don’t like it much.
B. Oh yes, I feel nervous.
C. Yes, but I live abroad.
15. Did you get your certificate?
A. I have to certify a basic English level.
B. Yes, it came in the mail yesterday morning.
C. There are several kinds of certifications.
16. Would I need to bring anything tonight?
A. In my dreams.
B. What a trouble!
C. Just a notebook

CONTESTA LAS PREGUNTAS 17A 20 CON BASE EN EL SIGUIENTE TEXTO


The Placebo Effect by David Decher
A placebo is a medical substance with no known medical (or any
other) effects. Such substance can be something like sterile water,
saline solution or a sugar pill. The placebo effect refers to the
phenomenon in which people experience some type of benefit after
the administration of a placebo. It essentially means that we can cure
ourselves of illnesses simply because we believe we are being cured
of them, proving that the brain is an extremely powerful entity.
In trials where patients are told that the medication that they have
been taking is a placebo, one would think that, by learning this, the positive benefits may reduce. On
the contrary, the positive effects remain and many people elect to continue taking the drug.
Placebo has an evil twin named “nocebo”. Just as our expectations of a drug’s effectiveness can
influence our reaction to a placebo, an expectation of side effects can cause us to experience them as
well. In a research, people from both groups, with and without lactose intolerance, took what they
thought was lactose (but it wasn’t). Forty-four percent of those with intolerance and twenty-six percent
without it developed symptoms of gastrointestinal discomfort.
We take comfort in the routine of going to the doctor, being examined, going to the pharmacy and
getting pills to take. We expect it to cure us and over time this expectation has become even stronger.
Today, as medicinal abilities become perpetually more advanced, the impetus to have faith in drugs
will continue growing.
Taken and adapted from: http://listverse.com/2013/02/16/10-crazy-facts-about-the-placebo-effect/
17. What is the goal of the author in this article?
A. To compare the side effects of the nocebo and the placebo.
B. To argue a position about the place of medicine and placebos.
C. To prevent people about the use of nocebo and placebo.
D. To explain what a placebo and the placebo effect consist of.
18. One of the ideas the reader can infer from the article is that
A. the placebo is a substance with no medical or any other effect.
B. we could cure many of our deseases without any drug.
C. many people continue taking placebos rather than drugs.
D. the benefits of the placebo are lower than the drugs.
19. Why does the author mention the research about lactose?
A. Because lactose is a good example of the placebo effect.
B. People with and without lactose intolerance took part in this research.
C. Because it allows the reader to understand what a nocebo is.
D. The author considers research as an important source to consult.

20. A possible headline for this article is:


A. In the future doctors could prescribe sugar pills to patients who know they are taking placebos.
B. A totally new discovery, the placebo effect, calls to question our relation with pills and medicine.
C. When people know they are taking a placebo, the effect stops, as if they wouldn’t want to cure.
D. Our body needs medicines and doctors because it is not strong enough to cure by itself.

¿DÓNDE ENCONTRARÍAS ESTE AVISO? 21 a 24

21. A. In a bus stop. B. In a clothes store. C. On a bathroom door.

22. 22.
A. On battery charger. B. In an asparagus. C. In a café menu.

23. 23.
A. In a bus stop. B. In a clothes store. C. On a bathroom door.

24. 24.
A. In a store. B. In a church. C. In a classroom.

Sincerely yours: NELSON ALIRIO BEDOYA GONZÁLEZ


nelson112020@hotmail.com
3194088593