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BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER II OBJECTIVES
CHAPTER III STRATEGY

CITY PLANNING BOARD

HENRY HARPER CHAIRMAN


THE RT REV MSGR WILLIAM
WOZNIAK VICECHAIRMAN
REVEREND GRANT CRUMPLEY
ADAM DOMANSKI
DR PASQUALE GRECO
JOSEPH NEWTON
JAMES RAE

DIVISION OF PLANNING

FITZGERALD DIRECTOR OF PLANNING


EUGENE

REPORT PREPARATION

PAUL BARRICK ASSISTANT DIRECTOR OF PLANNING

MARY ANN BODNAR TYPOGRAPHER

ROBERT DEANTHONY ELIZABETH OMEARA


DOROTHY LOWICKI PALMERI
STANLEY LOWICKI

APRIL 1971

CITY OF BUFFALO NEW YORK FRANK SEDITA MAYOR


DIVIDED INTO EIGHT CHAPTERS AS INDICATED BELOW
THE MASTER PLAN IS

INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER
CHAPTER II OBJECTIVES

CHAPTER LII STRATEGY


RESIDENTIAL PLAN
CHAPTER IV
RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE PLAN
CHAPTER
COMMERCIAL PLAN
CHAPTER TL
INDUSTRIAL PLAN
CHAPTER VII
TRANSPORTATION PLAN
CHAPTER VIII

RELEASED THESE
COMMUNITY SUMMARIES REPORTS WILL BE PERIODICALLY

WILL MORE SPECIFICALLY DESCRIBE ACTIVITIES AND IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAMS

TWELVE COMMUNITIES ADDITIONAL REPORTS INVOLVING VARIOUS


IN THE CITYS

WILL ALSO BE RELEASED FROM TIME TO TIME


ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT

AS CHANGE REQUIRES
REVISED CHAPTERS OF THE MASTER PLAN WILL BE PREPARED
INTRODUCTION

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER
INTRODUCTION AND CONCEPTS

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER

INTRODUCTION

THE PLAN FOR NEW AMSTERDAM WAS DRAWN IN THE EARLY YEARS OF

THE NINETEENTH CENTURY FROM THIS PLAN THE VILLAGE OF BUFFALO GREW

UNTIL IT WAS INCORPORATED AS CITY IN 1832 TWENTYONE YEARS LATER

THE CITY OF BUFFALO MADE ITS LAST MAJOR PHYSICAL EXPANSION

BY 1900 THE CITY REACHED ITS PEAK IN THE NATIONAL RANKING OF

POPULATION EIGHTH THE PORT OF BUFFALO IN THAT YEAR RANKED THIRD IN THE

NATION IN TERMS OF TONNAGE HANDLED ALSO IN 1900 THE CITY HELD ITS

MAXIMUM PERCENTAGE OF THE POPULATION IN ERIE COUNTY AND OF ITS PRESENT

METROPOLITAN AREA THE CONCENTRATION OF URBAN POPULATION HAD BEGUN TO

SPILL OVER THE CITYS 1853 BOUNDARIES BEFORE THE TURN OF THE CENTURY

IN ITS EARLY YEARS BUFFALO CAPITALIZED ON ITS GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION

AND SUBSEQUENT WATER AND RAIL TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES ELECTRICAL

POWER FROM NIAGARA FALLS AND GROWING LABOR SUPPLY WERE FACTORS

INFLUENCING THE CITYS ECONOMIC GROWTH BUFFALOS GREATEST POPULATION

GAINS WERE MADE IN THE MIDANDLATE NINETEENTH CENTURY DUE TO GERMAN

ITALIAN IRISH AND POLISH IMMIGRATION THE CITYS MAJOR GROWTH PERIODS

11
AND PHYSICAL
POLITICAL
18534
DEVELOPMENT OF BUFFALO
DIVISION OF PLANNINGDEC 1970

LINE DRAWINGINDICATES
I322 POLITICALBOUNDARIES
VILLAGES AND YEAR ESTABLISHED

1626
SHADINGINDICATES URBANIZED
SECTIONS INDUSTRIAL AREAS
PARKS LOCAL STREET PATTERNS

1825
AT TIME OF MAP DATE
1850

44

POPULATION

X2

1825 13
18 1850 42 42 38

1875 135 68 54

256 69
1900 81

540 LB 65
1925
65 53
1950 580
32
1975 460 40

ESTIMATED
OTHER FIGURES CENSUS
NY STATE CENSUS

19

12
COINCIDE WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF PORT FACILITIES THE GROWTH OF THE

MILLING INDUSTRY AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF IRON PRODUCTION

FOR THE MOST PART FRAME STRUCTURES WERE BUILT ON SMALL LOTS

SOMETIMES ONLY TWENTYFIVE FEET WIDE IN MANY AREAS STRUCTURES

OCCUPIED ALMOST THE ENTIRE LOT WHERE THERE WAS ROOM ON LOT

SECOND STRUCTURE WAS OFTEN ADDED IN THE REAR OF THE LOT IN MANY CASES

THE MAIN STRUCTURE WAS DIVIDED INTO SEVERAL HOUSING UNITS

THE CITY ADOPTED ITS FIRST ZONING ORDINANCE IN 1926 BY THAT

TIME THERE WAS LITTLE LAND LEFT WITHIN THE CITYS BOUNDARIES THAT HAD NOT

BEEN DEVELOPED THE CITYS POPULATION REACHED ITS PEAK DURING WORLD

WAR II WITH NEARLY 590 000 PERSONS SQUEEZED INTO ITS SMALL FIVE BY

EIGHT MILE AREA

DURING THE WAR BLACK IMMIGRATION FROM THE SOUTH OCCURRED IN

SIGNIFICANT NUMBERS AS PERSONS SOUGHT EMPLOYMENT IN WAR INDUSTRIES

THIS MIGRATION CONTINUED AFTER THE WAR AND LIKE THE MIGRATION OF THE

NINETEENTH CENTURY REPRESENTED INDIVIDUALS SEEKING BETTER WAY OF

LIFE FOR THEMSELVES AND FOR THEIR CHILDREN

HOUSING HAS BECOME CRITICAL PROBLEM IN THE CITY ITS INVENTORY

OF HOUSING IS VERY OLD IN COMPARISON TO OTHER CITIES DUE TO ITS ANTIQUATED

BOUNDARIES CONVERSIONS OF SINGLE AND TWO FAMILY INTO MULTIPLE DWELLINGS


HAVE BEEN COMPLICATED BY RAPID OCCUPANCY TURNOVER THAT OFTEN CAUSES

AN ACCELERATED DETERIORATION OF STRUCTURES MANY SUCH UNITS ARE ABSENTEE

OWNED AND ARE IN EXTREMELY POOR CONDITION TO THE INTENSELY DEVELOPED

LAND THE PROVISION OF ADEQUATE RECREATION FACILITIES IS EXTREMELY DIFFICULT

CONCEPTS

THE MASTER PLAN SETS FORTH PATTERN OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT WHICH

INDICATES THE GOALS OF THE CITY THE LONGRANGE ASPECT OF THE PLAN IS

NECESSARY TO PROVIDE DIRECTION FOR VARIOUS ACTIVITIES OF THE CITY REVIEW

AND UPDATING THE PLAN WILL BE NECESSARY PERIODICALLY TO CONSIDER CHANGING

FACTORS

THE PLAN MUST BE CONCERNED WITH THE RELATIONSHIP OF ALL ELEMENTS

OF THE CITY IT IS GENERAL IN NATURE DUE TO ITS LONGRANGE OBJECTIVES ITS

GENERAL FRAMEWORK PERMITS MORE DETAILED DEVICES AND PROJECTS TO BE

DEVELOPED AT THE TIME OF THEIR IMPLEMENTATION

ELEMENTS OF THE PLAN ARE DIVIDED INTO FIVE PRINCIPLE PARTS THE

RESIDENTIAL PLAN THE COMMUNITY FACILITIES PLAN THE COMMERCIAL PLAN

THE INDUSTRIAL PLAN AND THE TRANSPORTATION PLAN EACH OF THE ELEMENTS IS

RELATED TO THE OTHERS

IN SOME AREAS THE PROPOSED RESIDENTIAL DENSITY IS THE SAME AS THAT

14
WHICH EXISTS IN OTHER AREAS DECREASES IN DENSITY ARE RECOMMENDEDBUT

THIS IS BALANCED BY PROPOSED INCREASES IN LESS INTENSELY DEVELOPED AREAS

WHERE BALANCE OF DENSITY IS RECOMMENDED REORGANIZATION OF LAND

USES MORE APPROPRIATE TO URBAN LIVING IS IMPLIED WHERE OBSOLETE HOUSING

IS TO BE REPLACED REPLACEMENT SHOULD BE BASED ON NEWER HOUSING CONCEPTS

SUFFICIENT SPACE FOR RECREATION OPEN SPACES AND OFFSTREET PARKING MUST

BE PROVIDED THE REMOVAL OF SUBSTANDARD RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES EITHER

BY REHABILITATION OR CLEARANCE IS PRIMARY GOAL CONSIDERATION OF THE

PHYSICAL APPEARANCE OF BUFFALO MUST INCLUDE RECOGNITION OF THE DETERIORATION

OF BOTH RESIDENTIAL AND NONRESIDENTIAL USES THE PROPOSALS OF THE MASTER

PS PLAN CALL FOR IMPROVEMENT OF THE PHYSICAL APPEARANCE OF THE CITY

THE BASIS FOR CHANGE

THE CITY OF BUFFALO IS FULLY DEVELOPED THE USE OF ITS LAND HAS ALREADY

BEEN DECIDED AND ITS CORPORATE LIMITS ARE FIXED THE INABILITY OF CENTRAL

CITIES TO ADAPT TO NORMAL MARKET FORCES HAS PLACED THEM AT DISADVANTAGE

IN DEALING IN THE METROPOLITAN MARKETPLACE THE POTENTIAL FOR CHANGE

EXISTS BUT BUFFALO CANNOT EASILY PROVIDE THE LAND AND FACILITIES NECESSARY TO

ACCOMMODATE NEW ACTIVITIES OR REPLACEMENT FACILITIES

DISPERSION

THERE ARE RESTRAINTS PLACED ON THE CITYS ABILITY TO ACCOMMODATE

15
AND ADOPT TO FUNCTIONAL CHANGES THE MOST OBVIOUS IS THE FINANCIAL

LIMITATION OF THE CITY NOT ONLY TO ACCOMMODATE CHANGE BUT ALSO TO PROVIDE

AND MAINTAIN DESIRABLE SERVICE LEVELS AS SERVICE DEMANDS INCREASE

THE CITY OF BUFFALO HAS BEEN PRESSED INTO ROLE OF SERVING LOW INCOME FAMILIES

OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA WHILE ITS TAX BASE HAS SHRUNK AREAS SURROUNDING

THE CITY HAVE ATTRACTED COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL USES FROM THE CITY

AND NEWER RESIDENTIAL AREAS HAVE BEEN PROVIDED OUTSIDE THE CITY THE CITY

HAS BEEN DRAINED OF SOME OF ITS MORE ATTRACTIVE USES FROM TAX BASE

CONSIDERATION IT HAS BEEN FORCED TO FOLLOW COURSE OF EXPANDING SERVICES

FOR USES WHICH DID NOT FOLLOW THE MORE VALUABLE TAX RESOURCES ATTRACTED

OUTSIDE THE CITY PROPER

THE LAND AREA OF BUFFALO IS VERY SMALL IN COMPARISON TO OTHER

CENTRAL CITIES OF SIMILAR POPULATION IN COMPARISON TO OTHER URBANIZED

AREAS OF COMPARABLE SIZE THE CENTRAL CITY OF BUFFALO IS MUCH SMALLER

PERCENTAGE OF THE URBANIZED AREA THIS CONCENTRATES THE PROBLEMS OF THE

LARGE BUFFALO URBANIZED AREA INTO THE RELATIVELY SMALL AREA OF THE CITY

OF BUFFALO

BECAUSE OF ITS 1853 BOUNDARIES THE CENTRAL CITY OF BUFFALO FINDS ITS

HOUSING CONDITIONS DISTORTED WHEN COMPARED TO OTHER CITIES OF COMPARABLE

POPULATION MANY OF THE REGIONAL SHOPPING CENTERS LOCATED BEYOND THE

CITY LINE DRAW SALES FROM RESIDENTIAL AREAS WITHIN THE CITY AS WELL AS FROM

16
WITHOUT THE CITY IN COMPARABLE URBANIZED AREAS THEIR LOCATIONS WOULD

BE WITHIN THE CORPORATE BOUNDARIES OF THE CENTRAL CITY INDUSTRIAL

COMPLEXES JUST OUTSIDE BUFFALOS BOUNDARIES LIKEWISE WOULD BE WITHIN

THE CENTRAL CITY OF COMPARABLE URBANIZED AREAS THE POST WORLD WAR II

HOUSING BOOM FOUND NEW RESIDENTIAL AREAS BEING BUILT OUTSIDE OF THE CITY

PROPER THESE MATTERS LEAVE PARTICULARLY OLD AND SHALLOW TAX BASE

FROM WHICH THE CITY MUST OPERATE

FEDERAL AND STATE PROGRAMS HAVE ASSISTED DEVELOPMENT OUTSIDE

THE CITY PROPER TO MARKED DEGREE IN THE LAST TWO DECADES THE

PROVISION OF EXPRESSWAY ROUTES HAS CAUSED LOSS OF TAX BASE WITHIN

THE CITY PROPER AND AN ACCELERATION TO THE TREND TOWARD DECENTRALIZATION

THE MAJOR REASONS FOR DECENTRALIZATION HAVE BEEN POPULATION

SHIFT TO THE SUBURBS AND THE ECONOMIC ADVANTAGES FOR COMMERCIAL AND

INDUSTRIAL USES TO SEEK DECENTRALIZED LOCATION FOR THE CITY THIS MOVE

HAS RESULTED IN AN ABANDONMENT OF OBSOLETE STRUCTURES AND LOSS OF TAX

BASE WHILE SERVICE COSTS HAVE INCREASED

CENTRALIZATION

THE CENTRAL CITY HAS ALWAYS PLAYED HOST TO SPECIALIZED FUNCTIONS

SERVICES ARE PROVIDED FOR THE ENTIRE METROPOLITAN AREA AND THESE HAVE

SHOWN STEADY GROWTH RATE CORRESPONDING NOT TO BUFFALOS SIZE BUT TO

17
THAT OF BUFFALOS URBANIZED AREA INSTITUTIONAL EDUCATIONAL MEDICAL

AND CULTURAL USES CONTINUE TO GROW IN THE CITY PROPER THESE USES

UNFORTUNATELY ARE TAX EXEMPT AND OFTEN EXPAND INTO AREAS THAT HAD BEEN

TAX HOPED THAT THE NEED FOR CENTRALIZATION OF CERTAIN


PRODUCING IT IS

COMMERCIAL USES WILL INCREASE THE IMPORTANCE OF BUFFALOS CENTRAL

BUSINESS DISTRICT AND ADD TO THE CITYS REVENUE TO CARRY OUT OTHER

PROGRAMS

AT THE SAME TIME AS THE DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS OF THE LAST TWO

DECADES OCCURRED THERE GREW MARKED PATTERN OF DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME

GROUPS IN VARIOUS LOCAL UNITS OF GOVERNMENT THE CITY OF BUFFALO IN SUCH

PROCESS HAS EVOLVED INTO WHAT HAS BEEN CALLED THE POORHOUSE OF THE

URBANIZED AREA THIS FORM OF CENTRALIZATION HAS PLACED SERVICE DEMANDS

ON THE CITYS DWINDLING TAX BASE THAT GREATLY EXCEEDED PAST DEMANDS

AS RESULT REPLACEMENT OF SUBSTANDARD HOUSING TO PROVIDE STANDARD

HOUSING FOR LOW INCOME GROUPS MUST TAKE PLACE ON SOME OF THE HIGHEST

VALUED LAND IN THE METROPOLITAN AREA TAX EXEMPTIONS FOR SUCH HOUSING

IS NECESSARY THUS COMPLICATING THE CITYS ABILITY TO PROVIDE SCHOOLS

AND SERVICES WHICH ARE NEEDED AT AN INCREASING PACE THE DEVELOPMENT

OF SOUND MUNICIPAL POLICY IS CRUCIAL AND NECESSARY STEP TO REVITALIZE

BUFFALO

ZI

18
AREAS OF CHANGE

THE NEED FOR THE CITY TO CAPITALIZE ON THE FORCES OF CHANGE

WHEREVER POSSIBLE IS OF UTMOST IMPORTANCE THE PLANNING BOARD MUST

CONSIDER FACTORS INVOLVING THE ENTIRE METROPOLITAN AREA BUT AT THE SAME

TIME IT MUST FUNCTION WITH JURISDICTION ONLY WITHIN THE BOUNDARIES OF THE

THERE ARE LARGE AREAS OF GRAY HOUSING IN THE CITY THAT DO


CITY PROPER

NOT CONFORM TO POPULAR OR ADVERTISED IMAGES TODAY YET WHICH ARE NOT

SERIOUSLY DETERIORATED NOR LACK BASIC FACILITIES SUCH HOUSING WILL HAVE

TO CONTINUE TO SERVE AS HOUSING RESOURCES FOR THE CITY AND THE CITY WILL

HAVE TO STRIVE TO MAKE THESE AND THE NEIGHBORHOODS IN WHICH THEY STAND

AS ATTRACTIVE AS POSSIBLE THROUGH ITS ACTIONS DURING THE PERIOD COVERED

BY THIS MASTER PLAN

THE MAP LABELED AREAS OF POTENTIAL CHANGE SHOWS AREAS WHICH

ARE APT TO CALL FOR DECISIONMAKING ON THE PART OF THE CITY IN THE NEXT

TWO DECADES CHANGES INDICATED BY THE COMMUNITY RENEWAL PROGRAM

THE USE OF VACANT LAND AREAS OF LIKELY CHANGE AND AREAS AFFECTED BY

TRANSPORTATION PROPOSALS ARE SHOWN PROPOSED STOPS OF THE BUFFALO

AMHERST RAPID TRANSIT LINE ARE SHOWN AS POSSIBLE STIMULANTS FOR

DEVELOPMENT IN ADJACENT AREAS LONGERRANGE MASS TRANSIT STOPS ARE

ALSO INDICATED AS STIMULANTS FOR DEVELOPMENT IN THE MORE DISTANT FRITURE

COMMUNITY CENTERS WHERE MULTIFUNCTION BUSINESS ACTIVITIES EXIST TO

19
IMWOO4

EAST DELAVAN

EST SIDE MASTEN

AREAS OF POTENTIAL CHANGE

STIMULANTS FORCHANGE

RAPID TRANSIT STOPS

TRANSIT STOPS LONGRANGE

BUSINESS CENTERS

INDUSTRIAL TRANSITION
REGULATION
SIGNIFICANT ECONOMIC DEGREE ARE INDICATED THESE COULD SERVE AS

STIMULANTS TO ATTRACT ADDITIONAL ACTIVITY IN CONCENTRATED CENTERS

INDUSTRIAL AREAS WHERE CHANGING FUNCTIONS OR IMPROVED REGULATIONS

COULD IMPROVE THEIR RELATIONSHIP TO SURROUNDING AREAS ARE ALSO

INDICATED

THE PURPOSE OF THIS PRESENTATION IS NOT TO SHOW DECISIONS THAT

HAVE BEEN MADE NOR IS IT TO BE CONSIDERED POLICY GUIDE IT IS SHOWN

TO INDICATE AREAS IN WHICH DECISIONS MAY HAVE TO BE MADE NO EVALUATION

OF USES NOR OF CHANGE IS INTENDED THE AREAS OF POTENTIAL CHANGE ARE

SHOWN TO ALERT INTERESTED PARTIES OF THE PROBABLE NEED FOR DECISIONS IN

THE FUTURE NEED EXISTS TO DIRECT THE FORCES OF CHANGE AND TO SEEK THE

FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CITY IN COMPREHENSIVE MANNER GUIDANCE

WILL BE PRESENTED IN THE VARIOUS CHAPTERS OF THE MASTER PLAN

IIL
OBJECTIVES

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER II

II
OBJECTIVES

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER II

CHAPTER REVIEWED FACTORS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF BUFFALO AND

POTENTIAL CHANGE IN THE CITY THIS CHAPTER WILL DEAL WITH GENERAL

OBJECTIVES THE FOLLOWING CHAPTER WILL COVER STRATEGY AND DISCUSS

POLICIES

THE MASTER PLAN IS PRESENTED IN SUMMARY IN THIS CHAPTER THE

PLAN IS NOT TO BE CONSIDERED AN END IN ITSELF BUT DOCUMENT TO ESTABLISH

THE DIRECTION IN WHICH THE CITY SHOULD MOVE IT BECOMES AN INSTRUMENT

CONSTANTLY PROJECTING TWENTY TO TWENTYFIVE YEARS INTO THE FUTURE

TEMPERED BY NEW DEVELOPMENTS

THE RESIDENTIAL PLAN IS BASED ON CITY OF HALFMILLION PERSONS

WITHIN ITS PRESENT BOUNDARIES THE PRESENT DECLINE IN POPULATION IS

FORESEEN AS STOPPING WITHIN DECADE AND MODEST INCREASE TAKING PLACE

WITHIN THE PLANNING PERIOD THE OVERALL ACREAGE FOR RESIDENTIAL USES

WOULD DECREASE SLIGHTLY IN ORDER TO PROVIDE MORE LAND FOR RECREATION AND

OPEN SPACE POPULATION DENSITIES WOULD DECREASE IN SOME AREAS WHILE

INCREASING IN OTHERS DUE TO THE SLIGHT INCREASE IN POPULATION AND

DECREASE IN RESIDENTIAL ACREAGE RECONSTRUCTION OF RESIDENTIAL AREAS

LII
WILL PLACE GREATER EMPHASIS ON TOWNHOUSE APARTMENT AND CLUSTER TYPES

OF DEVELOPMENT POPULATION DENSITY INCREASES WILL BE PROPOSED IN PROXIMITY

TO MAJOR CONCENTRATIONS OF COMMERCIAL AND INSTITUTIONAL ACTIVITIES AS WELL

AS ADJACENT TO MAJOR TRANSIT STATIONS

THERE IS SUBSTANTIAL AMOUNT OF SUBSTANDARD HOUSING LOCATED IN

IDENTIFIABLE BLIGHTED AREAS DESPITE SIZEABLE DECLINE IN POPULATION WITHIN

THE CITY IN RECENT YEARS LOW HOUSING VACANCY RATE STILL PLAGUES THE CITY

THIS TOGETHER WITH THE RELATIVELY LOW INCOME OF THE OCCUPANTS OF SUBSTANDARD

HOUSING RESULTS IN PRESSING NEED FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF NEW HOUSING

FACILITIES BEFORE EXTENSIVE DEMOLITION OF SUBSTANDARD UNITS CAN PROCEED

THE CITY IS SMALL IN SIZE COMPARED TO THE CENTRAL CITIES OF COMPARABLE

URBANIZED AREAS THE LOW INCOME POPULATION OF THE BUFFALO URBANIZED

AREA IS CONCENTRATED IN CENTRAL CITY WITH LESS RESOURCES AND LESS OPEN

LAND THAN IN COMPARABLE URBANIZED AREAS THE CITYS BOUNDARIES REMAIN

AS PRONOUNCED BARRIERS IN WHICH THE URBAN LOW INCOME HOUSING PROBLEM

MUST BE SOLVED WITHIN THE FORESEEABLE FRITURE

THESE MATTERS CALL FOR EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE VACANCY RATE IN THE

CITY BY PROVIDING HOUSING ON NEW RESIDENTIAL SITES BEFORE AN AMBITIOUS

PROGRAM OF CLEARING SUBSTANDARD HOUSING CAN BE CONTINUED RELATED

ACTIVITY WOULD CALL FOR SERIOUS EFFORTS TO BREAK THE CITY LINE BARRIER FOR

112
LOW INCOME DEVELOPMENTS AND EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE LEVEL OF INCOME

OF THOSE IN BLIGHTED AREAS INCREASED INCOME WOULD RESULT IN MORE

OWNERSHIP REHABILITATION AND WIDER CHOICES IN HOUSING MEANWHILE

FRILL ADVANTAGE OF ALL SUBSIDIZED HOUSING PROGRAMS MUST BE TAKEN TO

PROVIDE NEW HOUSING IN THE CITY

RELATED TO THE RESIDENTIAL PLAN AND TO POPULATION DENSITIES THE

COMMUNITY FACILITIES PLAN SETS DESIRABLE STANDARDS AND LOCATION PATTERNS

FOR SUPPORTING FACILITIES WITHIN THIS PLAN ADJUSTMENTS MAY BE MADE TO

CORRESPOND TO CHANGING POPULATION PATTERNS AT THE COMMUNITY OR

NEIGHBORHOOD LEVEL AS FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS MAY REQUIRE BOTH THE

RESIDENTIAL PLAN AND THE COMMUNITY FACILITIES PLAN EMPHASIZE

NEIGHBORHOODS AND COMMUNITIES IN TERMS OF PLANNING UNITS TO ESTABLISH

BETTER PLANNING SCALE THE COMMUNITY FACILITIES PLAN DEALS WITH

RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE AS ELEMENTS OF URBAN DESIGN THE DEVELOP

MENT PROTECTION AND USE OF THE CITYS RIVER AND LAKE FRONTS ARE MATTERS

OF CONCERN UTILITIES MEDICAL HEALTH AND EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES ARE

CONSIDERED SUPPORTING FACILITIES

THE COMMERCIAL PLAN HAS AS MAJOR CONSIDERATION THE

CONCENTRATION OF COMMERCIAL RETAIL CENTERS WITHIN THE CITY THIS IS

PROPOSED TO SERVE AS MEANS OF INCREASING THEIR ATTRACTIVENESS AND

EFFICIENCY THE SPECIALIZED FUNCTION OF THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

113
SHOULD BE STRENGTHENED THIS DISTRICT NOW SUPPLIES NEARLY QUARTER OF

THE PROPERTY TAXES FOR THE CITY AND IS VALUABLE ASSET IN CARRYING OUT

THE CITYS PROGRAMS

THE INDUSTRIAL PLAN PROPOSES THE CONSOLIDATION OF EXISTING

INDUSTRIAL AREAS AND THE ORDERLY DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIAL GROWTH

BUFFALO BECAME MAJOR CENTER OF MANUFACTURING AND HEAVY INDUSTRY

FOLLOWING ITS COMMERCIAL PEAK BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE OLD ERIE CANAL

SLUMP OCCURRED IN INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY AFTER WORLD WAR II FAVORABLE

OF
PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVEMENT OF BUFFALOS ECONOMY LIE IN THE EXPANSION

SERVICES AND OTHER NONMANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AS WELL AS REASSERTING

BUFFALO AS MANUFACTURING CENTER JOB DEVELOPMENT AND MANPOWER

TRAINING ARE IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS IN INDUSTRIAL PLANNING

THE TRANSPORTATION PLAN SETS FORTH GENERAL REQUIREMENTS TO

ADEQUATELY SERVE THE PROPOSED LAND USE ARRANGEMENTS EXPRESSED IN THE

MASTER PLAN AT THE SAME TIME THEY EMPHASIZE THE CENTRAL CITY FUNCTION

OF BUFFALO ON THE NIAGARA FRONTIER DIFFICULT BUT DESIRABLE OBJECTIVE

IS THE CONSOLIDATION OF DIVERSE RAILROAD PROPERTY AND LINES OWNED BY

VARIOUS COMPANIES SERVING SIMILAR OR OUTDATED FUNCTIONS WHILE

AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC MUST BE SERVED PROPOSALS FOR TRAFFIC IMPROVEMENTS

MUST BE WEIGHED AGAINST ALL THE ELEMENTS OF THE MASTER PLAN

114
DESIRABLE PLANNING CONSIDERATION IS TO ENCOURAGE CLOSE RELATIONSHIP

BETWEEN PLACES OF RESIDENCE AND EMPLOYMENT OF MAJOR SIGNIFICANCE

IS THE RAPID TRANSIT PROPOSAL WITHIN THE CITY SUCH FACILITIES NOT ONLY

PROVIDE TREMENDOUS CARRYING CAPACITIES IN COMPARISON TO THE AUTOMOBILE

BUT THEY ALSO OFFER DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES OF UNIQUE NATURE

OF
INHERENT IN THE PHYSICAL PLANNING OF THE CITY ARE SERIES

DEVELOPMENTAL POLICIES WHICH NEED TO BE PURSUED IF THE CITY IS TO FOLLOW

THE DIRECTION SUGGESTED BY THE MASTER PLAN THE FOLLOWING CHAPTER WILL

DISCUSS GENERAL PROPOSALS IN AN ATTEMPT TO ESTABLISH FRAMEWORK FOR

IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PLAN

IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THE FRAMEWORK BE CONSTANTLY REVIEWED WITH

RESPECT TO CHANGES THAT MAY OCCUR TO WORK WITHIN THE PLANNING FRAME

WORK ADMINISTRATION MUST FUNCTION EFFECTIVELY AND BE RESPONSIVE TO

ELECTED OFFICIALS AND THE CITIZENS OF BUFFALO THE ABILITY TO EVALUATE AND

ACT UPON CHANGES THROUGH THE EXPEDITIOUS APPLICATION OF POLICY IS

NECESSARY IN ACHIEVING DESIRABLE URBAN ENVIRONMENT

115
RESLFLENTL
SINCE THE CITY OF BUFFALO
COMPRISES ONLY THIRD OF THC
URBANIZED AREA SURROUNDING IT THE CITYS SETTING IN

LROTECT STABLE AREAS IMPROVE ENVIRONMENT


NITS BY REHABILITATION OR CLEARANCE

PER ACRE

KK PER ACRE AND


TUTIONS
OP AND INCREASE NEIGHBORHOOD AND
COM FACILITIES USC POWERS OF EMINENT
DO IN CONCERT
BE VEEN INCOMPATIBLE USES AND
NT OF RIVER AND LAKE FRONTS
COMM DO FOR FILL RANGE OF USES
CO STRENGTHEN
CO ED BUSINESS CENTER

IND
USE
DATE
ET
LOCANONS
NEW USES
ENC EXISTING

LOCITIONS

TI ANSI OR
FACILITIES MA
RAP
ION CCOOIDINATE

TRANSIT
UTLLL7ATLON

PROPOSALS
LIND
OF
TISE PATTERNS
AUTOMOTIVE ROUTES
WITH

BUS LINES SERVICE IMPROVEMENT

OBJECTIVECS
STRATEGY

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER III
STRATEGY

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER III

THE POLICIES OF THE MASTER PLAN PROVIDE FLEXIBLE GUIDE

PERIODIC REVIEW AND EVALUATION ARE REQUIRED TO CONSIDER CHANGING

FACTORS THE POLICIES ESTABLISH PERSPECTIVE TO RELATE IMMEDIATE

DECISIONS WITH FUTURE IMPLICATIONS IN THE LIGHT OF OVERALL GOALS OF THE

CITY

PLANNING POLICIES

GENERAL

CAPITALIZATION ON AREAS OF POSITIVE CHANGE WHERE DESIRABLE

CHANGES ARE OCCURRING WITHIN THE CITY OR WHERE POTENTIAL EXISTS

NECESSARY SUPPORTING FACILITIES AND SERVICES SHOULD BE PROVIDED

REVERSAL OF NEGATIVE CHANGE IN DECLINING AREAS WHERE INCENTIVE

AND IMAGINATION CAN STIMULATE POSITIVE CHANGE POLICY TO

ENCOURAGE NECESSARY MEASURES SHOULD BE PURSUED

CONSIDERATION OF DEVELOPMENT IMPACT ON ETHNIC HARMONY AND

EQUALITYWHENEVERSOCIALCONSIDERATIONS ARE AFFECTED BY PHYSICAL

DEVELOPMENTS RACIAL AND ETHNIC IMPLICATIONS SHOULD BE EVALUATED

IT MUST BE RECOGNIZED THAT PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS ARE

INTERRELATED
CONSIDERATIONOFMUNICIPALREVENUETOASSISTINFINANCING

NECESSARY PROGRAMS DEVELOPMENTS WHICH ADD TO THE CITYS TAX

BASE WILL BE ENCOURAGED

INCREASE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING WITH

THE GROWTH OF SINGLEPURPOSE AGENCIES AND THE HISTORIC

IMPLEMENTATION PROBLEMS OF PLANNING WITHIN CITY STRUCTURES

ALL EFFORTS TOWARD STRENGTHENING CENTRAL PLANNING AGENCY TO

DIRECT PUBLIC ACTIVITIES WILL BE ENCOURAGED


FL

PARTICIPATION POLICIES SHOULD BE EXPRESSED AT THE COMMUNITY

LEVEL AND PUBLIC PARTICIPATION CALLED UPON TO DEVELOP FINAL PLANS

DECENTRALIZATION OF DECISIONMAKING SHOULD BE CONSIDERED POLICY

WHENEVER POSSIBLE AND IMPROVED CHANNELS OF COMMUNICATION BETWEEN

COMMUNITIES AND THE CITY ADMINISTRATION SHOULD BE SOUGHT

RESIDENTIAL

BALANCING OF RESIDENTIAL DENSITY IN PLANNING FOR CITY OF HALF

MILLION POPULATION SOME AREAS WILL DECREASE IN POPULATION

DENSITY WHILE OTHERS WILL INCREASE GENERALLY BALANCING OF

POPULATION WILL BE CALLED FOR IN REBUILDING REORGANIZATION INTO

MORE COMPACT RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS WILL ENABLE LAND TO BE

FREED FOR OPEN SPACE PARKING AND RECREATION FACILITIES

REMOVALOFSUBSTANDARDHOUSINGINTHECITYALLSUBSTANDARD

UNITS MUST BE MADE STANDARD THROUGH REHABILITATION OR CLEARANCE

1112
WHEN REHABILITATION IS NOT POSSIBLE THE CITYS INVENTORY OF

HOUSING MUST BE INCREASED TO SUPPLY RELOCATION RESOURCES

RESTRAINT IN AREAS WHERE DEMAND FOR CHANGE IS NOT YET EVIDENT

IN AREAS OF DECLINE WHERE CHANGE IS NOT DESIRED BY RESIDENTS AS YET

GOVERNMENT ACTION SHOULD BE RESTRAINED UNTIL LOCAL DEMAND

ARISES

PRESERVATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF STABLE AREAS STRICT ENFORCEMENT

OF DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS MUST BE CARRIEDOUT

TO ASSIST IN THE MAINTENANCE OF STABLE AREAS PUBLIC SERVICES

AND FACILITIES TO ENHANCE THESE NEIGHBORHOODS MUST BE PROVIDED

EXTENSION OF CHOICE IN HOUSING ALL INCOME ETHNIC AND RACIAL

GROUPS SHOULD HAVE FREEDOM IN CHOOSING THEIR PLACES OF RESIDENCE

WITHIN BOTH PROPOSED AND EXISTING HOUSING RESOURCES

ENCOURAGE ATTRACTIVE DESIGN IN NEW HOUSING VARIETY IN HOUSING

TYPES INNOVATIVE APPROACHES AND AN EMPHASIS ON ATTRACTIVE

STRUCTURES SHOULD BE SOUGHT THE SETTING AND LAYOUT OF THE

STRUCTURES IS MATTER OF MAJOR CONCERN

RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE

PROVIDEACCESSIBLERECREATIONFACILITIESANEMPHASISSHOULD

BE PLACED ON THE PROVISION OF RECREATION NEAR CONCENTRATIONS OF

POPULATION PARTICULAR EMPHASIS ON YOUNGER PERSONS AND ON

COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITIES SHOULD BE MADE

1113
PROVISION FOR SEASONAL ACTIVITIES SHOULD HAVE HIGH PRIORITY

OPEN SPACE AS DESIGN ELEMENT OPEN SPACE IS TO BE REGARDED

AS NECESSARY ELEMENT OF URBAN DESIGN ITS PROVISION IN

PROPOSED DEVELOPMENTS WILL BE SOUGHT RELATED TO THE SCALE OF

STRUCTURES

ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERN PROGRAMS TO ELIMINATE POLLUTION AND

TO IMPROVE ECOLOGICAL RELATIONSHIPS WILL BE SUPPORTED

ENHANCEMENT OF NATURAL FEATURES CONCERN IS EXPRESSED FOR

THE CITYS LAKE AND RIVERFRONTS MEASURES TO IMPROVE THESE

AND OTHER NATURAL FEATURES WITHIN THE CITY WILL BE CONTINUED

PRESERVATION OF EXISTING PARKS DUE TO THE LOSS OF PARK LAND IN

RECENT YEARS FOR OTHER USES GREAT RESERVATION IS HELD FOR ANY

PROPOSALS THAT SEEK TO CONVERT PARK LANDS FOR OTHER USES WITHOUT

REPLACEMENT IN KIND

NONRESIDENTIAL

REMOVALOFSUBSTANDARDFACILITIESOBSOLETEANDDETERIORATING

NONRESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES SHOULD BE REHABILITATED OR CLEARED

IMPROVED ENVIRONMENT SHOULD BE SOUGHT FOR EXISTING USES AS WELL

AS FOR NEW FACILITIES

ENCOURAGE COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ORDER

TO SUPPLY EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES AND TO INCREASE THE CITYS

1114
TAX BASE TO ASSIST IN PROVIDING REVENUE FOR OTHER PROGRAMS

COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL USES WILL BE ENCOURAGED TO BUILD OR

TO EXPAND IN KEEPING WITH THE PROPOSALS OF THE MASTER PLAN

INCREASE THE SKILLED LABOR SUPPLY THROUGH TRAINING OR RE

TRAINING PROGRAMS AN INCREASE IN THE SKILLED LABOR SUPPLY WILL

BOTH ASSIST INDIVIDUALS AND ATTRACT NEW EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES

IMPROVE THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT AS MAJOR REVENUE

SOURCE AND ONE OF EVEN GREATER POTENTIAL THE CENTRAL BUSINESS

DISTRICT SHOULD CONTINUE TO BE IMPROVED ITS ENVIRONMENT AND

CIRCULATION SYSTEM SHOULD OFFER UNIQUE SETTING IN THE REGION

CONCENTRATE RELATED USES NONRESIDENTIAL USES WHICH ARE

RELATED IN FUNCTION SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED TO DEVELOP IN CLOSE

PROXIMITY TO ONE ANOTHER

BUFFERS SHOULD BE PROVIDED BETWEEN INCOMPATIBLE USES BUFFERS

SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED BETWEEN INCOMPATIBLE RESIDENTIAL AND

NONRESIDENTIAL USES

TRANSPORTATION

BALANCE TRANSPORTATION REQUIREMENTS WITH OTHER CITY NEEDS

OTHER URBAN CONCERNS MUST BE EVALUATED IN TRANSPORTATION

PROPOSALS SOCIAL AND AESTHETIC VALUES MUST BE ADDED TO

FUNCTIONAL AND TECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS


IMPROVE MASS TRANSIT IMPROVEMENTS IN PUBLIC MASS TRANSPORTATION

FACILITIES MUST BE MADE RAPID TRANSIT FACILITIES SHOULD BE

PROVIDED

ENCOURAGEMENT OF RELATING PLACES OF RESIDENCE AND EMPLOYMENT

BESIDES RELATING INTENSIVE USE AREAS TO MAJOR TRANSIT OR OTHER

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES THE CLOSE RELATIONSHIP OF PLACES OF

RESIDENCE TO PLACES OF EMPLOYMENT SHALL BE ENCOURAGED

UTILIZE EXISTING FACILITIES FULLY THE TRAFFIC CARRYING CAPACITY

OF EXISTING STREETS SHOULD BE INCREASED TO THEIR MAXIMUM TO

REDUCE THE NEED OF ADDITIONAL FACILITIES PEDESTRIAN SAFETY MUST

REMAIN MAJOR CONSIDERATION HOWEVER

TOOLS OF IMPLEMENTATION

COORDINATION THE DEGREE OF COORDINATION BY UNITS OF CITY

GOVERNMENT BEARS DIRECT RELATIONSHIP TO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF

THE MASTER PLAN GENERAL AGREEMENT WITH THE POLICIES OF THE

PLAN SHOULD BE ACHIEVED WITHIN ALL UNITS OF CITY GOVERNMENT

UNIFIED GOALS FOR ALL PUBLIC ACTIVITIES SHOULD EXIST UNDER

COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING

ACCEPTANCE AND PARTICIPATION THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE MASTER

PLAN MAY BE MEASURED BY ITS APPLICATION AND BY PUBLIC ACCEPTANCE

POLICIES SHOULD BE EXPRESSED AT THE COMMUNITY LEVEL AND PUBLIC

PARTICIPATION CALLED UPON TO DEVELOP AND IMPLEMENT PLANS

1116
ZONING IT IS ESSENTIAL THAT THE LAND USE CONTROLS ADOPTED BY

THE COMMONCOUNCIL REFLECT THE OBJECTIVES OF THE MASTER PLAN

IN THIS LIGHT THE ZONING ORDINANCE SHOULD BE REVIEWED PERIODICALLY

IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE REVIEW PROCESS IMPLICIT WITHIN THE PLAN

SUBDIVISION CONTROL IN ORDER TO BETTER CONTROL THE USE OR REUSE

OF LAND THE SUBDIVISION CONTROL ORDINANCE WHICH REFLECTS THE

OBJECTIVES OF THE MASTER PLAN FILLS NEED FOR THE CONTROL OF


FL

LARGE SCALE DEVELOPMENTS BEYOND THE MORE LIMITED CONTROLS OF

THE ZONING ORDINANCE

OFFICIAL MAP THE OFFICIAL MAP SHOWS STREETS HIGHWAYS AND

PARKS ESTABLISHED BY LAW IT IS RECOMMENDEDBY THE PLANNING

BOARD AND ADOPTED BY THE COMMONCOUNCIL THE MAP INDICATES

EXISTING FACILITIES AND MAY SHOW PROPOSED FACILITIES THAT ARE

ESSENTIAL TO PROPER FUTURE DEVELOPMENT

CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS PROGRAM CODES AND ORDINANCES ARE THE

PUBLIC MEANS OF GUIDING THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRIVATE PROPERTY

PUBLIC FACILITIES AND PROGRAMS ARE COORDINATED THROUGH CAPITAL

IMPROVEMENTS PROGRAM STRONG COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING AGENCY

NEEDS THIS TOOL TO GUIDE THE CITY IN LONGRANGE FINANCIAL PLAN

THIS IS NEEDED IN BUFFALO TO CONNECT PLANNING ACTIVITIES TO

IMPLEMENTATION PROGRAMS WITH AN INTERMEDIATE PROGRAMMING STEP

1117
URBAN RENEWAL URBAN RENEWAL PROGRAMS EMPHASIZE

REDEVELOPMENT ACTIVITIES WHICH RELY ON THE CITYS POWER OF

EMINENT DOMAIN TO ELIMINATE INAPPROPRIATE LAND USES SINCE

THE APPLICATION OF THIS PROGRAM IS LIMITED BY FISCAL CAPABILITIES

OF THE CITY COMMUNITY RENEWAL PROGRAM HAS BEEN DEVELOPED

TO DETERMINE HOW THIS TOOL MIGHT BE MOST EFFECTIVELY EMPLOYED

REUSE OF LAND MUST BE IN CONFORMITY WITH THE MASTER PLAN

THE COMMUNITY PLANNING PROCESS IS CONTINUOUS AND INTER

RELATED FUNCTION THAT MAY BE DIVIDED INTO FOUR CATEGORIES INVENTORY AND

ANALYSIS GOALS AND OBJECTIVES PLAN DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION

THE END OF SUCH PROCESS IS MASTER OR COMPREHENSIVE PLAN HOWEVER

THE PLAN CANNOT BE CONSIDERED AND THE PLANNING PROCESS MUST


STATIC

CONTINUE BOTH IN EVALUATION OF THE PLAN AND IN ITS DAYTODAY APPLICATION

1118
RESIDENTIAL PLAN

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER IV
RESIDENTIAL PLAN

OBJECTIVES

THE RESIDENTIAL IS BASED


PLAN ON CITY OF HALFMILLION PERSONS
WITHIN ITS PRESENT BOUNDARIES THE PRESENT DECLINE IN POPULATION IS
FORESEEN AS STOPPING WITHIN DECADE AND MODEST INCREASE TAKING
PLACE WITHIN THE PLANNING PERIOD THE OVERALL ACREAGE FOR RESIDENTIAL
USE WOULD DECREASE SLIGHTLY IN ORDER TO PROVIDE MORE LAND FOR
RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE POPULATION DENSITIES WOULD DECREASE IN
SOME AREAS WHILE INCREASING IN OTHERS DUE TO THE SLIGHT INCREASE
IN POPULATION AND DECREASE IN RESIDENTIAL ACREAGE RECONSTRUCTION
OF RESIDENTIAL AREAS WILL PLACE GREATER EMPHASIS ON TOWNHOUSE
APARTMENT AND CLUSTER TYPE OF DEVELOPMENT POPULATION DENSITY
INCREASES WILL BE PROPOSED IN PROXIMITY TO MAJOR CONCENTRATIONS OF
COMMERCIAL AND INSTITUTIONAL ACTIVITIES AS WELL AS ADJACENT TO MAJOR
TRANSIT STATIONS

THERE IS AMOUNT OF SUBSTANDARD HOUSING LOCATED IN


SUBSTANTIAL
IDENTIFIABLE BLIGHTED AREAS DESPITE SIZEABLE DECLINE IN POPULATION
WITHIN THE CITY IN RECENT YEARS LOW HOUSING VACANCY STILL PLAGUES
THE CITY THIS TOGETHER WITH THE RELATIVELY LOW INCOME OF THE
OCCUPANTS OF SUBSTANDARD HOUSING RESULTS IN PRESSING NEED FOR THE
CONSTRUCTION OF NEW HOUSING FACILITIES BEFORE EXTENSIVE DEMOLITION OF
SUBSTANDARD UNITS CAN PROCEED

THE CITY IS SMALL IN SIZE COMPARED TO THE CENTRAL CITIES OF COMPARABLE


URBANIZED AREAS THE LOW INCOME POPULATION OF THE BUFFALO URBANIZED
AREA IS CONCENTRATED IN CENTRAL CITY WITH LESS RESOURCES AND LESS OPEN
LAND THAN COMPARABLE URBANIZED AREAS
IN THE CITY BOUNDARIES REMAIN
AS PRONOUNCED BARRIERS IN WHICH THE URBAN LOW INCOME HOUSING PROBLEM
MUST BE SOLVED WITHIN THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE

THESE MATTERS CALL FOR EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE VACANCY RATE IN THE CITY
BY PROVIDING HOUSING ON NEW RESIDENTIAL SITES BEFORE AN AMBITIOUS
PROGRAM OF CLEARING SUBSTANDARD HOUSING CAN BE CONTINUED RELATED
ACTIVITY WOULD CALL FOR SERIOUS EFFORTS TO BREAK THE CITY LINE BARRIER FOR
LOW INCOME DEVELOPMENTS AND EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE LEVEL OF INCOME
OF THOSE BLIGHTED AREAS INCREASED INCOME WOULD RESULT IN MORE
OWNERSHIP REHABILITATION AND WIDER CHOICES IN HOUSING MEANWHILE
FULL ADVANTAGE OF ALL SUBSIDIZED
HOUSING PROGRAMS MUST BE TAKEN TO
PROVIDE NEW HOUSING IN THE CITY
POLICIES

THE RESIDENTIAL POLICIES OF THE MASTER PLAN PROVIDE FLEXIBLE GUIDE


PERIODIC REVIEW AND EVALUATION ARE REQUIRED TO CONSIDER CHANGING
FACTORS THE POLICIES ESTABLISH PERSPECTIVE TO RELATE IMMEDIATE
DECISIONS WITH FUTURE IMPLICATIONS IN THE LIGHT OF OVERALL GOALS OF
THE CITY SPECIFIC RESIDENTIAL FOLLOW
POLICIES

BALANCING OF RESIDENTIAL DENSITYIN PLANNING FOR CITY OF


HALFMILLION POPULATION SOME AREAS WILL DECREASE IN
POPULATION DENSITY WHILE OTHERS WILL INCREASE GENERALLY
BALANCING OF POPULATION WILL BE CALLED FOR IN REBUILDING
REORGANIZATION INTO MORE COMPACT RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS
WILL ENABLE LAND TO BE FREED FOR OPEN SPACE PARKING AND
RECREATION FACILITIES

REMOVAL OF SUBSTANDARD HOUSING IN THE CITY ALL SUBSTANDARD


UNITS MUST BE MADE STANDARD THROUGH REHABILITATION OR CLEARANCE
WHEN REHABILITATION IS NOT POSSIBLE THE CITYS INVENTORY OF
HOUSING MUST BE INCREASED TO SUPPLY RELOCATION RESOURCES

RESTRAINT IN AREAS WHERE DEMAND FOR CHANGE IS NOT YET


EVIDENT IN AREAS OF DECLINE WHERE CHANGE IS NOT DESIREDBY
RESIDENTS YET GOVERNMENT
AS ACTION SHOULD BE RESTRAINED UNTIL
LOCAL DEMAND ARISES

PRESERVATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF STABLE AREAS STRICT ENFORCEMENT


OF DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS MUST BE CARRIEDOUT
TO ASSIST IN THE MAINTENANCE OF STABLE AREAS PUBLIC SERVICES
AND FACILITIES TO ENHANCE THESE NEIGHBORHOODS MUST BE PROVIDED

EXTENSIONOF CHOICE IN HOUSING ALL INCOME ETHNIC AND RACIAL

GROUPS SHOULD HAVE FREEDOM IN CHOOSING THEIR PLACES OF RESIDENCE


WITHIN BOTH PROPOSED AND EXISTING HOUSING RESOURCES

ENCOURAGEATTRACTIVEDESIGNINNEWHOUSINGVARIETYINHOUSING
TYPES INNOVATIVE APPROACHES AND AN EMPHASIS ON ATTRACTIVE
STRUCTURES SHOULD BE SOUGHT THE SETTING AND LAYOUT OF THE
STRUCTURES IS MATTER OF MAJOR CONCERN

IV2
RESIDENTIALPLANE AGE OF RENTER OCCUPIED UNITS IT ALSO CONTAINS LOWER
THAN AVERAGE VACANCY RATIO NORMALLY VACANCY RATES

INCREASE WITH RENTER


DIRECTLY OCCUPANCY
THE VARIETY OF HOUSING TYPES WITHIN AN URBAN

AREA WILL GENERALLY REFLECT THE NEEDS AND DESIRES OF


THE IN
POPULATION LARGE METROPOLITAN AREAS SUCH
AS BUFFALO THE MAJORITY OF SINGLE FAMILY STRUCTURES

ARE FOUND OUTSILE THE CENTRAL CITY WHERE VACANT LAND


IS AVAILABLE AND COSTS DO NOT PROHIBIT LOW DENSITY

DEVELOPMENT THIS FACT IS BROUGHT OUT IN TABLE

WHICH INDICATES THAT SINGLE FAMILY DETACHED STRUC


TURES ACCOUNT FOR ONLY 35 PER CENT OF THE HOUSING
UNITS IN THE AVERAGE OF THE FIVE COMPARATIVE CITIES

TABLE ALSO INDICATES THAT BUFFALO CONTAINS AN UN


USUALLY HIGH PERCENTAGE OF TWO FAMILY STRUCTURES
MORE THAN TWICE THE 5CITY AVERAGE OF 216 PERCENT
THE UNITED STATES CENSUS OF HOUSING INDICATES

THAT IN 1960 BUFFALOS HOUSING WAS THE OLDEST OF

THE COMPARATIVE CITIES WITH 835 PERCENT OF THE


HOUSING UNITS BEING MORE THAN 30 YEARS OLD ASSUM
ING USEFUL LIFE OF 40 TO 50 YEARS FOR FRAME STRUC

MATERIAL BASED ON 1960 CENSUS TURES WHICH PREDOMINATE IN BUFFALO ALMOST ALL

NFORMATION WILL BE REPLACED WITH OF THE CITYS PRESENT HOUSING WILL BE INADEQUATE BY
THAT OF THE 1970 CENSUS WHEN IT THE END OF THE PLANNING PERIOD
BECOMES AVAILABLE
ANALYSIS OF HOUSING AND RESIDENTIAL LAND THIS

SECTION OF THE RESIDENTIAL PLAN GENERAL


PRESENTS
IZED CITYWIDE ANALYSIS OF HOUSING CONDITIONS DEN
SITIES AND RESIDENTIAL LAND ACREAGE AS WAS INDICATED

IN THE PREVIOUS COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS LARGE PORTION

OF THE HOUSING IN BUFFALO IS OF THE TWO FAMILY TYPE


TABLE SHOWS THAT TWO FAMILY STRUCTURES WHICH
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS THE PURPOSE OF THE COM CONTAIN 449 PERCENT OF ALL HOUSING UNITS OCCUPY
PARATIVE ANALYSIS IS TO DETERMINE THE COMPOSITION 388 PERCENT OF THE RESIDENTIAL LAND ACREAGE THESE

AND CHARACTER OF BUFFALOS HOUSING AS COMPARED TO STRUCTURES OFTEN COVER AS MUCH AS 80 PERCENT OF THE

THAT OF SIMILAR CITIES TABLE INDICATES THE PER LOT AREA THEREBY GREATLY OVERCROWDING THE LAND

CENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSING UNITS BY TENURE SINGLE FAMILY STRUCTURES CONTAIN 283 PERCENT OF THE

ERCENTAGEWISE BUFFALO CONTAINS MORE RENTER OC HOUSING UNITS AND OCCUPY 529 PERCENT OF THE RESI

CUPIED UNITS THAN THE COMPARATIVE CITIES EXCEPTING DENTIAL LAND AND MULTIPLE FAMILY STRUCTURES WHILE

CINCINNATI IT IS IMPORTANT TO NOTE THAT WHILE BUF OCCUPYING ONLY 83 PERCENT OF THE RESIDENTIAL LAND
FALO CONTAINS MUCH HIGHER THAN AVERAGE PERCENT CONTAIN 268 PERCENT OF THE HOUSING UNITS

ON AN INDIVIDUAL BASIS THOSE COMMUNITIES ON


BALTIMORE MARYLAND CLEVELAND OHIO CINCIN THE PERIPHERY OF THE CITY SOUTH BUFFALO NORTH
NATI OHIO DETROIT MICHIGAN AND MILWAUKEE EAST AND NORTH BUFFALO CONTAIN PREDOMINANTLY
WISCONSIN SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING THE COMMUNITIES CONTAINING

IV
TNECREP 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01 0 01
GNI AF1
SLATO FO
EGAERCA 728 7157 2685 5217 6104 5381 56 21 127 31031 6319 86121 7 35 26278
EGAZEVA 664 084
YTIC5
45
0 01
EGAREVA 053 951 612 011 561
YTIC5
0 01
EGAREVA
YTIC5
21 24 47 201 211 856 0 01
TNECREP 911 32 87 83 31
ESU
NOISVDYERU
FO
GNISUOH 045 983 17
TI ORT ED 0 01 TIORTED 135 17 871 15 961 0 01 TIORTED 62 07 451 751 885 0 01
YLIMAFTU EGAERCA 99 921 11 313 96 21 461 208
DNAL
ECRUOS 44
SU NEC 15
EROMITLAB 615 334 0 01 EROMITLAB 331 373 121 98 48
0 01 EROMITLAB 21 93 09 231 98 836 0 01
983 421 612 23 401 171 91 64 46 15 35 58
0691 TNECREP 47
ECRUOS EKUAWLIM 364 394 44 0 01 EKUAWLIM 093 93 723 59 941 0 01 EKUAWLIM 32 48 801 67 29 716
0 01 YLIMAFTU EGAERCA 223 439 8621 032 614 413 242 243 028 364 146 244 4346
TNECREP
NI
DNALEV C 924 525 64 0 01 DHALEV C 563 07 652 221 781 0 01 DNALEV C 62 04 26
001 667 0 01
YLIMAF TNECREP
573 145 833 825 534 892 703 904 804 782 643 504 883
SIYLAN I T A N C I 183 265 75 0 01 ITANCI 233 34 791 491 432 0 01 ITANCI 41 53 46 78 421 676 0 01 ERUTCRS OWT
EGAERCA 113 7604 7891 7 73 7471 745 4983 2713 8135 1262 5124 112
7483
GNISUOH FO
OLAFUB 224 235 64 0 01 OLAFUB 442 93 944 231 631 0 01 OLAFUB 22 62 92 38 538
0 01 EYPYBT
EVITARPMOC1 YCNAPUCO DEIPUCO DEIPUCO SEPYT SEGA
EGAERCA YLIMAF TNECREP 711 533 324 434 383 394 376 545 515 266 106 905 925
ERUTCRS 0691HCRAM5
TLIUB 8591 4591 9491 9391 REILRAE STINU
ERUTCRS DEHCATED DEHCAT EROM STINU ELGNIS EGAERCA 59
6152 8742 7013 1451 409 7158 7024 1 76 0506 3137 0472 97164
ELBAT GNISUOH ERUNET RENWO RETNER TNAC V
RO
SLATO STINU DNA RO
LATOT DOIREP 5 91 0591 0491 0391 9291 LATOT
LAITNEDSR2 REVIR OLAF UB
NAV LED OLAFUB
EDIS TSAE

REDNU REVO
RO RO
ELBAT YTINUMOC LARTNEC DOWMLE NERSAU TOCILE OLAFUB
EDIS
TSEV HCUOS TSAE TSAE HTRON HTC LF EDISRV SLATO
SEIROTS 6SEI2ROTS
MAJORITY OF TWO FAMILY STRUCTURES ARE WEST SIDE THE BULK OF THE DEFICIENT
SITIES TOTALLY HOUSING IS

AND MASTEN MULTIPLE FAMILY STRUCTURES PREDOMINATE AND BUFTHLO RIVER


LOCATED IN THE MASTEN ELLICOTT
THE CENTRAL CORE AND ALONG MAJOR APPARENT THAT THE MASTEN
IN TRANSPORTATION COMMUNITIES IT IS READILY
ROUTES WITHIN THE CENTRAL ELMWOOD AND ELLICOTT CONTAINS ALMOST ONEHALF OF THE
COMMUNITY TOTALLY
COMMUNITIES DEFICIENT WHICH ALMOST 25000
HOUSING AFFECTS PER
PATTERNS OF BLIGHT THREE FACTORS HAVE APPARENTLY SONS APPROXIMATELY 10 PERCENT OF THE CITYS POPULA
INFLUENCED THE PATTERN AND DEGREE OF BLIGHT IN BUF TION LIVE IN TOTALLY DEFICIENT HOUSING AND ANOTHER
FALO 10 PERCENT LIVE IN HOUSING CONTAINING MAJOR STRUC
THE AGE OF THE HOUSING INDICATES THAT MUCH OF TURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEFICIENCIES

THE BLIGHT HAS OCCURRED THROUGH NORMAL ATTRITION RESIDENTIAL LAND ACREAGE AND POPULATION FIGURE
THE INTENSE USE OF THE RESIDENTIAL LAND WITH TWO ILLUSTRATES THE PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION
GRAPHICALLY

FAMILY AND MULTIPLE FAMILY STRUCTURES ON SMALL OF RESIDENTIAL ACRES AND POPULATION BY ONEHALFMILE
LOTS HAS ACCELERATED THE SPREAD OF BLIGHT RINGS WHICH HAVE THEIR CENTER AT NIAGARA SQUARE
THE LOCATION OF RESIDENTIAL USES WITHIN NONRESI THE RESIDENTIAL LAND ACREAGE INCREASES VERY SHARPLY
DENTIAL AREAS PARTICULARLY INDUSTRIAL HAS CREATED THROUGH RING 04 DECLINES IN THE INDUSTRIALLY

POCKETS OF HOUSING WHICH HAVE DECLINED RAPIDLY ORIENTED RINGS 05 AND 06 AND THEN INCREASES TO

ACCORDING TO STRUCTURAL CONDITIONS


SURVEY PEAK IN RINGS 08 AND 09 FOLLOWING THIS SAME GEN
CONDUCTED BY THE CONSULTANT IN CONNECTION WITH ERAL PATTERN THE TOTAL OF BUFFALO DIS
POPULATION IS

THE LEVELOPMENT OF THE COMMUNITY RENEWAL PRO TRIBUTED WITH PEAKS IN RINGS 04 AND 08 FROM THE

GRAM BLIGHTED HOUSING IS LOCATED IN THREE GENERAL GRAPH IT IS


APPARENT THAT POPULATION DENSITIES ARE

AREAS SEE FIGURE RELATIVELY HIGHER WITHIN THE CENTRAL PORTION OF THE

IN THE OLDER CENTRAL PORTION OF THE CITY AND GEN THE AREA CONTAINED IN RINGS 01 THROUGH 06
CITY
ERALLY SPREADING EASTWARD IN CONCENTRIC PATTERN
WITHIN MILES OF NIAGARA SQUARE CONTAINS 392
INTO THE MASTEN AND ELLICOTT COMMUNITIES THESE LAND AND 525
PERCENT OF THE TOTAL RESIDENTIAL PER
AREAS ARE HEAVILY POPULATED AND HAVE MEDIUM CENT OF THE POPULATION WHILE THE REMAINING RINGS

HIGH DENSITIES ACHIEVED THROUGH INTENSIVE USE OF CONTAIN 608 PERCENT OF THE RESIDENTIAL LAND AND ONLY

THE LAND WITH LOW DENSITY STRUCTURES 475 PERCENT OF THE POPULATION
WITHIN THE INDUSTRIAL AREAS ALONG THE LAKE AND HOUSING UNIT DENSITIES AND RESIDENTIAL LAND UTILIZA

THE NIAGARA IN THE WATERFRONT CHAR


RIVER PARTICULARLY TIER SIMILAR TO THE POPULATION DENSITY
AND AUDITORIUM NEIGHBORHOODS AND EXTENDING ACTERISTICS OF LARGE CITIES THE NET HOUSING UNIT DENSITY
TO LESSER DEGREE NORTHWARDINTO THE WEST SIDE IN BUFFALO IS HIGH IN AND NEAR THE CBD AND THEN
AND RIVERSIDECOMMUNITIES DECLINES AT DECREASING RATE TOWARD THE FRINGE OF
SOUTH OF THE CBD IN THE BUFFALO RIVER COMMU THE CITY FIGURE INDICATES THE HOUSING UNIT DEN
AND EXTENDING EASTWARD THROUGH THE INDUS
NITY SITIES BY RING AND SECTOR THE SOLID LINE REPRESENTS

TRIAL AREAS OF THE EAST SIDE COMMUNITY THE THROUGH EACH OF THE 12 RINGS
AVERAGE DENSITY
THE BLIGHTED AREAS OF THE CITY WHICH HAVE BEEN THE OF EACH RINGSECTOR DOTS HAS ALSO BEEN
DENSITY
DEFINED AS TOTALLY DEFICIENT RATING WHICH COM PLOTTED UPON ITS RESPECTIVE RING TO ILLUSTRATE THE

HINES STRUCTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL DEFICIENCIES ARE WITHIN EACH RING AS THE CHART
DENSITY RANGE
PRESENTED IN TABULAR FORM IN TABLE THESE AREAS THE WIDEST RANGE OF INDIVIDUAL
INDICATES RINGSECTOR
HAVE BEEN DELINEATED BY COMMUNITIES PRESENTING 02 THOSE IN
DENSITIES 25 TO 114 FALLS IN RING
THE RESIDENTIAL ACREAGE HOUSING UNITS AND POPULA OF THE CITY
DIVIDUAL RINGSECTORS ON THE FRINGE GEN
TION INVOLVED THIS INFORMATION ASSISTED IN THE THE LOWEST AND MOST CONSISTENT
ERALLY CONTAIN
DETERMINATION OF TH FUTURE USE OF THESE AREAS DENSITIES
RESIDENTIAL AREAS THE DEGREE OF BLIGHT OFTEN RESIDENTIAL LAND UTILIZATION RATES VARY INVERSELY
WITHIN
AFFECTED THE PROPOSED RESIDENTIAL ACREAGE AND DEN WITH THE SIZE OF CITIES THAT IS AS THE POPULATION OF

1W
MINOR

V6
TABLE 3TOTALLY DEFICIENT AREAS
RESIDENTIAL HOUSING
COMMUNITY ACREAGE PERCENT UNITS PERCENT POPULATION PERCENT

CENTRAL 304 52 1707 101 4893 93


WEST SIDE 115 20 476 28 1442 27
ELMWOOD
MASTEN 1924 328 8124 479 24508 466
ELLICOTT 1210 206 2393 141 7625 145
BUFFALO RIVER 1445 246 2636 156 9187 175
SOUTH BUFFALO 98 17 204 12 548 10
EAST SIDE 769 131 1404 83 4396 84
EASTDELAVAN
NORTH EAST
NORTHBUFFALO
RIVERSIDE

TOTALS 5865 1000 16944 1000 52599 1000


SOURCE CITY PLANNING ASSOCIATES EAST INC

FL II IS
LI

IIJIIIIIFWY

50 ANO OVEN

EXISTING HOUSING UNIT DENSITIES

IVT8
THE CITY INCREASES THE RESIDENTIAL ACREAGE PER 100 HAVE DEVELOPED AROUND THE CBD AND IN PROXIMITY
PERSONS DECREASES COMPARED WITH CITIES OF SIMI TO THE EMPLOYMENT CENTERS ALONG RAIL LINES PRESENT
LAR SIZE BUFFALO WITH AN AVERAGE OF 164 RESIDENTIAL HAS BEEN
LY HIGH DENSITY ACHIEVED THROUGH THE
ACRES LC 100 PERSONS IS SLIGHTLY BELOW AVERAGE IN OF MULTISTORY
USE STRUCTURES DENSITIES FROM 20
DICATING MORE INTENSIVE USE OF RESIDETITIAL LAND IN TO 50 UNITS
HOUSING PER ACRE USUALLY REFLECT SMALL
BUFFALO FIGURE DETAILS BUFFALOS RESIDENTIAL LAND AND TWO FAMILY
MULTIFAMILY STRUCTURAL TYPES OFTEN
UTILIZATION SIMILAR
BY RING TO THE PERCENTAGE DIS OVERCROWDED ON SMALL LOTS DENSITIES OF UNDER 20
TRIBUTION OF RESIDENTIAL LAND ILLUSTRATED IN
FIGURE HOUSING UNITS PER ACRE INDICATE PREDOMINANCE
THE RESIDENTIAL LAND UTILIZATION CHART INDICATED MORE SINGLE FAMILY STRUCTURES INTERSPERSED WITH TWO
INTENSE UTILIZATION IN RINGS 01 THROUGH 06 AND LESS
STRUCTURES
FAMILY
INTENSE UTILIZATION THROUGH THE REMAINDER OF THE

RINGS DENSITY STANDARDS IN THE OF THE


DEVELOPMENT
EXISTING RESIDENTIAL DENSITY PATTERNS THE EXIST RESIDENTIAL PLAN DENSITY STANDARDS HAVE BEEN ES
ING HOUSING UNIT DENSITY MAP FIGURE PRE TABLISHED GENERALLY LAND USED FOR RESIDENTIAL PUR
SENTS THE GENERALIZED RESIDENTIAL LAND USE BY DENSITY
POSES SHOULD NOT BE SO INTENSIVELY DEVELOPED AS TQ
CLASSES THE EXISTING DEI WERE DETERMINED ON CAUSE OVERCROWDING OF BUILDINGS OR TO LIMIT RE
BASIS AND THEN GROUPED INTO FIVE CLASSES DENTIAL AMENITIES AND SERVICES DENSITIES SHO
GREATER WAS ACHJCVED BY DETERMINING
OF THE BASIC
THE
PERMIT OR CONTRIBUTE TO SUNLIGHT AIR AND USABLE OJ
DENSITY UNIT THE BLOCK IN AREAS OF PRE SPACE AND SHOULD PROVIDE SPACE FOR NEIGHBORHOOD
DOMINANT MULTIPLE FAMILY USE FACILITIES

DENSITIES GENERALLY FOLLOW CONCENTRIC PATTERN CRITERIA INVOLVED IN


SPECIFIC DETERMINING PRO
WITH THEIR PEAK IN THE CENTRAL CORE AND DECREASE AS FOLLOWS
POSED DENSITY PATTERNS ARE AS

DISTANCE FROM THE CORE INCREASES THE HIGH DENSITY RESIDENTIAL DENSITIES SHOULD BE HIGHEST AROUND
PATTERN 50 HOUSING UNITS PER ACRE AND ABOVE IN THE CENTRAL
CORE IN PROXIMITY TO LARGE SHOPPING
THE CENTRAL CORE EXTENDS OUTWARD TO THE NORTHEAST
EMPLOYMENT AND INSTITUTIONAL CENTERS AND AD
ALONG THE ELMWOODAVENUE DELAWARE AVENUE AND TO MAJOR FACILITIES
JACENT TRANSPORTATION
MAIN STREET RADIAL ARTERIALS THE HIGH PAT
DENSITY IT WAS ASSUMED THAT THOSE AREAS TOTALLY DEFICIENT
TERN ALSO EXTENDS INTO ELLICOTT COMMUNITY IN WILL BE REDEVELOPED THEREFORE AREAS CONTAINING

CLUDING THE TALBERT AND ELLICOTT MALLS PUBLIC HIGH DEGREE OF BLIGHT WERE CONSIDERED FOR MAJOR
HOUSING DEVELOPMENTS THE MEDIUM DENSITY PAT DENSITY REVISIONS WHILE PRESENTLY STABLE AREAS
TERNS 30 TO 50 HOUSING UNITS PER ACRE SURROUND WERE SUBJECT TO LITTLE OR NO CHANGE AT ALL
THE HIGH DENSITY CORE AND EXTEND SLIGHTLY INTO THE THE VALUE AND MARKETABILITY OF LAND TO BE DEVEL
WEST SIDE COMMUNITY AND MORE INTO
EXTENSIVELY OPED OR REDEVELOPED WAS MAJOR FACTOR IN DETER
THE BROADWAYFILLMORE AREA IN THE EAST SIDE COIN MINING FUTURE DENSITY FOR EXAMPLE
PATTERNS IT

MUNITY IS DESIRABLE TO REDEVELOP LAND WITHIN HIGH INTEN


LOW MEDIUM DENSITY AREAS 20 TO 30 HOUSING IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE EXISTENT
SITY AREAS OR
UNITS PER ACRE ARE LOCATED IN THE REMAINDER OF THE
ANTICIPATED LEVEL OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
WEST SIDE RIVERSIDE AND MASTEN COMMUNITIES AND MANY AREAS OF POSITIVE CHANGE BOTH RESIDENTIAL
FOLLOW THE BELT LINE RAILROAD SYSTEM INTO THE EAST SIDE AND NONRESIDENTIAL HAVE DICTATED NEED FOR
LOW DENSITY UNDER 20 HOUSING UNITS PER ACRE HIGHER DENSITY THIS IS PARTICULARLY TRUE OF AREAS
COVERS THE BALANCE OF THE CITY THE LOW DENSITY IN PROXIMITY TO EDUCATIONAL AND RESEARCH FACILITIES

PATTERN EXTENDS INTO THE CENTRAL AREA AT ONE


POINT FINALLY WHERE NATURAL AMENITIES ARC IN EVIDENCE
BETWEEN ELINWOOD AND DELAWARE AVENUES IN THE
LAKEFRONT RIVERFRONT RECREATION AREAS INCREASED
ELINWOOD COMMUNITY DENSITIES WERE PROPOSED
IN SUMMARY THE HIGHER RESIDENTIAL DENSITIES
DENSITY RANGES THE MASTER PLAN ESTABLISHES SET OF DENSITY

RANGESWHICHSHOULDBEAPPLIEDTOREDEVELOPEDAREASASWELLASTO
STABLE AREAS BECAUSE HOUSING UNIT DENSITY IS CLOSELY RELATED TO
HOUSING STRUCTURE TYPE DENSITY RANGES HAVE BEEN DEFINED IN TERMS
OF HOUSING TYPES THESE ARE SHOWN IN TABLE

SUMMARY OF RESIDENTIAL PLAN PROPOSALS THE SUMMARY


TABULATIONS OF NEIGHBORHOOD ANDCOMMUNITY PLANNING POPULATIONS AS
DEVELOPED POPULATION HOUSING AND URBAN GROWTH CITY PLANNING
IN

BOARD SEPTEMBER 1967 ARE PRESENTED IN TABLE TOTAL OF


170 261 HOUSING UNITS WERE PROJECTED BY 1990 AND AS OUTLINED ON THE
FOLLOWING PAGES POPULATION OF 500 000 WAS ESTABLISHED AS THE

PLANNING POPULATION OF THE CITY OF BUFFALO FIGURE INDICATES THE


PROPOSED DENSITY PATTERN FOR THE CITY FROM NEIGHBORHOOD BASIS

TABLE 4DENSITY RANGES AND DWELLING TYPES

NET ACRE
DENSITY CLASS DWELLING TYPES

UNDER 20 LOW SINGLE FAMILY DETACHED

2030 LAWMEDIUM ATTACHED ROW HOUSES


SINGLE FAMILY
TWO FAMILYHIGH INTENSITY
MULTIFAMILY LOW INTENSITY
EG GARDEN APARTMENTS
3040 MEDIUM MULTIFAMILY LARGE STRUCTURES CON
VERTED FOR MORE INTENSIVE USE
MULTIFAMILY APARTMENTS 3STORY OR
UNDER LOW INTENSITY

4050 MEDIUMHIGH MULTIFAMILY APARTMENTS 3STORY OR

UNDER
MULTIFAMILY HIGHRISE VERY LOW
INTENSITY

OVER 50 HIGH MULTIFAMILY APARTMENTS MORE THAN


3STORY
MULTIFAMILY HIGHRISE TOWERS ETC
CITY POPULATION

THO POPULATION OF THE CITY OF BUFFALO WILL NOT


CNLY DEPEND ON THE MORE TRADITIONAL GROWTH
FACTORS FOR THE METROPOLITAN AREA BUT ALSO ON
HANGING DESIRES OR CULTURAL ATTITUDES AND
THE INVENTORY OF HOUSING AVAILABLE

THE CITY OF BUFFALO SHOULD CONTINUE TO EXPERIENCE LOSS BOTH IN POPULATION AND THE NUMBER
OF HOUSING UNITS UNTIL SHORTLY AFTER 1975 AT THAT TIME CONSTRUCTION OF NEW HOUSING UNITS
SHOULD BEGIN TO REVERSE THE RECENT TREND AND RISE
OVER THE NUMBER OF DEMOLITIONS EVEN
CONSIDERING EXPRESSWAY DEMOLITION THIS WILL BE LED BY FRUITION OF URBAN RENEWAL
PROGRAMS LAND DEVOTED FOR RESIDENTIAL PURPOSES IS EXPECTED TO DECLINE BY 1990 FROM
APPROXIMATELY 8727 ACRES TO 8362 ACRES RESIDENTIAL USES IN
PREDOMINANTLY
INDUSTRIAL AREAS WOULD BE ELIMINATED

REPLACEMENT HOUSING WILL EMPHASIZE APARTMENT ROW OR TOWN HOUSES BOTH RENTAL AND
ER OCCUPIED UNITS WHICH WILL BE ABLE TO PROVIDE STRUCTURES OF LESS
GROUND COVERAGE
WITH GREATER OPEN SPACE SOME ELIMINATION OF MARGINAL COMMERCIAL USES IS FORESEEN
WHILE AREAS OF CONCENTRATED COMMERCIAL USES WILL
REQUIRE GREATER LOT DEPTH THAN NOW
GENERALLY PROVIDED THROUGH THE CITYS ZONING ORDINANCE

AN INCREASE IN HOUSING
UNITS DOES NOT NECESSARILY RESULT IN INCREASED POPULATION EVEN
IF NEW UNITS ARE FULLY OCCUPIED AN INTERNAL SHIFT IN COULD LOWER OCCUPANCY
POPULATION
IN OTHER AREAS OF THE CITY ESPECIALLY FROM THE GRAY AREAS

HOWEVER CHANGING FACTORS MAY ALTER ELEMENTS PRESENTLY EXISTING IN THE INDIVIDUALS
DECISIONMAKING PROCESS IN SELECTING LOCATION FOR HIS RESIDENCE SUCH FACTORS MAY
INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING POINTS

THE DECREASE OF BLIGHT IN THE CITY


THE AGING OF STRUCTURES IN THE IMMEDIATE SUBURBS
THE GROWING COST IN TIME SPENT COMMUTING AND IN MONEY FOR THE PROVISION
OF UTILITIES AND SERVICES IN DEVELOPING AREAS

LESSENING OF MOVEMENT DUE TO RACIAL CONCERN


CHANGING CULTURAL OR SOCIAL ATTITUDES TOWARD SUBURBIA AND SUBDIVISION
URBAN GROWTH
THE IMPROVEMENT OF OPEN SPACES IN THE CITY AND OF THE REPUTATION OF
ITS SCHOOL SYSTEM
THE CONCERN OF HIGHER LEVELS OFGOVERNMENT OVER URBAN SPRAWL AND
CONSEQUENT PROGRAMS TO ENCOURAGE MORE CONCENTRATED DEVEL6PMENT
GROWING CONVENIENCES OFFERED TO GREATER DEGREE IN THE MORE
CONCENTRATED AREAS
LESSENING OF THE DISTINCTIONS OF SMALLER UNITS OF GOVERNMENT AND
POPULAR THOUGHTS OF ESCAPING FROM ONE TO ANOTHER
10 AN INCREASING DESIRE FOR AN URBAN ENVIRONMENT FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE
AND MORE DISTANT OPEN AREAS FOR RECREATION INSTEAD OF SUBURBAN
COMPROMISE

THE 1990 FORECAST FOR THE CITY IS THUS BASED ON CONCRETE AND ABSTRACT
POPULATION
CONSIDERATIONS CONCRETE ELEMENTS
CONCERN THE AVAILABILITY OF MORE DESIRABLE HOUSING
UNITS IN THE CITY WHILE ABSTRACT ELEMENTS INVOLVE MODIFICATION OF INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL
ATTITUDES ON CITY LIFE AND SUBURBAN LIFE
THE CITY
IF IT WAS TO BC THAT THE PAST TWENTYFIVE
PRCSUMCD YEAR TREND IS TO CONTINUE
FORECAST WOULD INDICATE CONTINUED LOSS IN POPULATION AN INCREASE IN BLIGHT AND

GENERAL DETERIORATION BY 1990 IT IS FELT THAT THIS PREDICTION WOULD BE WRONG WHILE
NO GREAT REVERSAL OF THE SUBURBANSUBDIVISION GROWTH IS FORESEEN BY 1990 URBAN
BECOME OF GREATER CONCERN AND SOME MODIFICATION BE
SPRAWL WILL CONTINUALLY
OF BATAVIA
EXPECTED BEFORE BUFFALO AND ROCHESTER MEET IN THE VICINITY

NUMBER OF HOUSING UNITS TO BE DEMOLISHED AND


FIGURE PRESENTS THE ANTICIPATED
CONSTRUCTED FROM THE PRESENT TO 1990

THIS ESTIMATE INDICATES THAT NET INCREASE OF 320NEW HOUSING UNITS WOULD COME INTO
BEING JUST PRIOR TO 1990 AND 8070 JUST AFTER THAT DATE AS VARIOUS PROJECTS ARE COMPLETED

THE VACANCY RATE OF HOUSING UNITS WAS 47 IN 1960 AND 46 IN 1966 DESPITE 52090
LOSS IN POPULATION BETWEEN THOSE YEARS USING FIVE PER CENT VACANCY RATE FOR THE

ESTIMATED AND ASSUMING 30


UNITS RESIDENTS PER UNIT THE 1960 AND 1966 UNIT SIZES WERE
307 AND 306
ROUNDED POPULATION FIGURES OF 496500 AND 504500 ARE OBTAINED FOR 1990
IN ALL CALCULATIONS FIGURES WERE ROUNDED TO THE NEAREST HUNDRED

SIGNIFICANT POINT IS THAT BY 1990 APPROXIMATELY 17 OF THE CITYS TOTAL OF 173000 HOUSING
UNITS WILL HAVE BEEN BUILT SINCE 1967 IN ADDITION APPROXIMATELY 29 OF THE TOTAL UNITS

HAVE UNDERGONE VARYING DEGREES OF REHABILITATION ALL RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES IN THE


WI 11

WILL HAVE BEEN BLANKETED BY PROGRAM OF CODE AND ORDINANCE ENFORCEMENT


CITY

THE PLANNING POPULATION FOR EACH OF THE CITYS COMMUNITIES AND NEIGHBORHOODS IS PRESENTED
THE ROUNDED PLANNING POPLLATION FOR BUFFALO IS SET AT 500000 PROGRAMS OF DEMOLITION
AND CONSTRUCTION VIL1 CONRINUC AFTCR 1990BUT IT IS ASSUMED BALANCE BETWCCN LOSS AND
GAIN WILL BE STRUCK AT THE SAME TIME MORE OPEN SPACE WILL BE PROVIDED BY REDUCING
THE GROUND COVERAGE OF THE UNITS PROVIDED

CONCLUSIONS

BUFFALO WILL CONTINUE TO DECLINE POPULATION UNTIL THE MID1970S


IN MODEST INCREASE
IN POPULATION SHOULD BE IN EVIDENCE BY 1980 POPULATION FIGURE OF 500000 SHOULD BE
ESTABLISHED FOR PLANNING PURPOSES

THE AREA OF THE CITY OF BUFFALO IS VERY SMALL IN COMPARISON TO OTHER MAJOR CITIES
DUE TO THEIR LARGER AREAS IN WHICH TO EXPAND OTHER CENTRAL CITIES WILL CONTINUE TO PASS
BUFFALO IN POPULATION EVEN THOUGH THEY DO NOT APPROACH BUFFALOS POPULATION DENSITY PER
SQUARE MILE

METROPOLITAN BUFFALO OUTSIDE THE CITY BOUNDARIES WILL CONTINUE TO GROW IN POPULATION

FUTURE LEGISLATION AND SOCIAL VALUES MAY BEGIN TO AFFECT THE URBAN SPRAWL TYPE OF

DEVELOPMENT OF THE POST WORLD WAR II PERIOD

THE FORM OF TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES PROVIDED WILL AFFECT THE TYPE OF DEVELOPMENT
WHICH IS TO TAKE PLACE

THEFUNCTIONING OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA AS SINGLE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL UNIT WILL
GROW IN SIGNIFICANCE LOCAL GEVERNMENT MAY BE ALTERED TO REFLECT THIS SITUATION

IVF
TABLE NEIGHBORHOOD AND COMMUNITY PLANNING POPULATIONS

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NEIGHBOR D COMUNITY
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BA CO K
VI
BUFALO RIVER SOUTH TRI ETIR1FLVU
NAME RDIN
DENSITY
POULATION NEIGHBOR D
IV
UNITS ACRE 20
30 40 40
HOUSING PER UNDER E 1 2 0 30
PRO SED
ND
11
FIGURE
TI
61
VI
DNA GNI ALP ENIL
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YTIC 0791 SERUGIFMORF
DNA GNISUOH NO SU NEC
YTNUOC 09 1 HTWORG 7691 STOD ETACIDN GNITLUSER 0791
ERUGIF NOITALUPO YTIC 0391 NOITALUPO NABR DRAOB ETON
FIGURE NEW HOUSING CURRENTLY PROGRAMMED FOR DEVELOPMENT IN BUFFALO 197075
ANT ID

LOTATLOS SPOFLSORTBG ORGFLITTTLOVI NAHER OF FBI TYPE OF OCCUPANCY STATUS

FLICOTT
ELLICOTT
RENTEL
RENEWAL
PROJECT
PROJECT
URBAN PROPERTIE
TJFCFLHTAGERE FRONTLT
360
190
LOV LATE UNDER COONTIVCTICFL
UNDER CONSTRUTTLOFL
360
LOG
80 282
NOT LETTED 362 IA NEPOTLETLON
ILLICOT RENESACI PROJECT
TOTAL 812

NARYLFLD STREET WNT NARYNER REDCOAT 1ST 242 LOUDEODERET INTO UNDER CONSTRUCTION 202
12
UTICA RENEWAL PROJECT NNT SELECTED 52 LOU LAME IN PLANOLNI
TOTAL 294

TI0C LOW INTO 161

NE
UNDR COETRUCTLOA
WTYYOFLT
RNWSL
UTBES
PROJECT TLI
IPXIOIAAET
FRONTIER
FRONTIER
FRONTIER
561
211
1624
LOUFANDERETE
LOEEODERETEEELT
LETNEE AVEITLOF
IN
COESTRUCTIA 211
1144 DIG

TOTAL 2400

01 STREAT UTICA 1401 TELATTED 1274 LOCWODERATE INTO LEAD IA PREPAFATLON

RENEWAL PROJECT ILOTMS IJST AUTHORITY AGREE


360 824
EANT TO LEASE 270 LACE ELDERLY
TETEL 1104

RLCLEOND SUER ILOUSLNJ AUTHORITY 100 LOW INTO ELDERLY UNDER CONOTRUTTION 100

INCOE DOELOOER SELCTD 300


TO BE DETEROISSED LOU IN AUTISORITY 300 LOW ELDERLY

SCATTERED SITES HOSAING AUTHORITY 200 LOU INTO FEELLIE DE AELETTED 200

TOTAL 1710 2408 2002 1140

50 UNITS TO BE LEASED BY THE UFFELOLLOUSLLSG AUTHORITY AS LOW FLAT PUBLIC HOUSING


L68 USITS TO BE LEASED BY THE IUFALIIOUSIAA AUTHORITY AS LOW RENT EAD ELDERLY PUBLIC ISOUSING

FIGURE ADDITIONAL NEW HOUSING PROGRAMMED FOR THE PERIOD

1ST
IROSS LOUSING
114113 AS STO
SF IHINON 0DIT
TOWISHNUSE ELSE RISE

FOSLDENTLAL AT PLAN START


10 105115 20 1015 30 IMIT TOTAL 0LIOCATLON NOD FOE DOTE OF ONTO OF CONSTE IT IIL ID7
SI ACREUTE PER ACRE PEE PORE PER ATE TIN FLINITS NEW PAYB START COOSTT OTT OTT 174 IFL6 IA
07 40 CORNS 40 AETNA TAT 10 100 ILA 72 72
48 TWIT 96 UNIT

122 61 60 LOS 172 104 02


AL 122

313 150 60 60 OSO DL 172 174 190 300


ISO 122 ISO

Z8 172 I7

LLLE 200 560 2720 172 IIS 579 077 177


0240

4A 150 ISO 264 244


ISO II

D7I PRO0R 121 172 123

100 109 218 173 109 100


210

60 54 34 502 II 172 L7S 302


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42
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173 25
375
NIH 32 69 172 I70 264 262 262 1262

231 320 120 360 172 L74 ISO 180


120 240

030 300 100 000 130 172 170 226 221 225 221
AGO 300

234 100 100 12 134 173 374

541 170 202 100 590 AL 171 170 409 450


370 404 324

II
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244 122 322
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ZIZZI
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5178 39 39 60 173 IIA


39 70

II 475 INI CA
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31 172 174 23

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172 114 92
131
131

190 74
0021
7T31515905J

IV16A
COMMUNITY RENEWAL PROGRAM

ON APRIL 22 971 THE CITY PLANNING BOARD CERTIFIED THE PROPOSALS


OF THE BUFFALOCOMMUNITY RENEWAL PROGRAM EXTENSION BRIEF EXCERPTS
OF THE ARE PRESENTED HERE FOR FULL DETAILS OF THE
REPORT REFER
TO THE BUFFALQ COMMUNITY RENEWAL PROGRAM EXTENSION NATHANIEL
KEITH AND MARCON OLEARY AND ASSOCIATES INC DATED FEBRUARY 1971

ONE INITIAL OBSTACLE TOPROSPECTIVE EXPANDED RENEWAL EFFORTS IS THE ACUTE


SHORTAGE OF RETOCATION HOUSING IN SOUND CONDITION AND THE INADEQUATE RATE
OF NEW HOUSNG CONSTRUCTION IN THE CITY BUILTUP LAND CAN NOT BE USED
FOR NEW HOUSWITHOUT PRODUCING FURTHER DISPLACEMENT REHABILITATION
EFFORTS ALSO RESULT IN CONSIDERABLE FAMILY DISPLACEMENT

CRITICAL HOUSING SITUATION NOW EXISTS IN THE CENTRAL CITY THE COM
BINATION OF GROWING BLACK POPULATION ABANDONMENT OF SOME DILAPIDATED
HOUSING UNITE AND INCREASING DETERIORATION OF MANY OTHER UNITS HAS CAUSED
SEVERE SHORTAGE OF SOUND HOUSING THE ONLY SIGNIFICANT HOUSING STOCK
ECONOMICALLY AVAILABLE TO THE VAST MAJORITY OF THE CENTRAL CITY POPULATION
IS THAT IN WHITE OWNERSHIP ON THE
FRINGE OF TRADITIONALLY BLACK NEIGHBOR
HOODS HERE ONCE STABLE ETHNIC AREAS ARE
BEGINNING TO EXPERIENCE RAPID
TURNOVER AS LONGTERM RESIDENTS MOVE OUT OF THE CITY AND LEAVE THEIR
NEIGHBORHOOD FOR THE EXPANDING BLACK POPULATION

THE 1960 HOUSING CENSUS DATA INDICATED THAT 218 PERCENT OF ALL
UNITS INTHE CITY WERE SUBSTANDARD HOUSING
IN THE MAJOR SEGMENT OF THE INNER
CITY WHICH IS NOW INCORPORATED IN THE MODEL CITY AREA THE 1960 DATA
SHOWED 369 PERCENT OF
HOUSING UNITS AS SUBSTANDARD AND MORE THAN 30
PERCENT OF ALL HOUSEHOLDS WITH ANNUAL INCOMES UNDER
3000
THE ORIGINAL BUFFALO COMMUNITY RENEWAL
TIMATED THAT 28542
PROGRAM COMPLETED IN 1965 ES
DWELLING UNITS OR 17 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL
SUPPLY THEN
REQUIRED CLEARANCE BECAUSE OF CONDITION AND THAT 42 PERCENT REQUIRED WHAT
WAS THEN TERMED AS CONSERVATION
CONSERVATION AND REHABILITATION
IN 1969 THE STUDY OF THE BUFFALOAINIHERST
CORRIDOR SPONSORED BY THE NEW
YORK STATE OFFICE OF PLANNING COORDINATION IN CONNECTION WITH THE MAJOR
CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT OF THE STATE
UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO ESTI
MATED THAT 348 PERCENT OF THE
EXISTING HOUSING IN THE BUFFALO SECTOR
OF THE CORRIDOR WAS SUBSTANDARD THAT SECTOR INCLUDED LARGE PORTION
OF THE INNER CITY

STATISTICS COMPILED IN CONNECTION WITH THE CITYS


SYSTEMATIC HOUSING
CODE COMPLIANCE
PROGRAM ESTIMATE THAT OVER 30000 HOUSING UNITS OR 18
PERCENT OF THE TOTAL CURRENT HOUSING SUPPLY ARE SUBSTANDARD
OR DEFICIENT
THAT PERCENTAGE VARIED WIDELY
BY NEIGHBORHOOD CONDITIONS RANGING UP TO
47 PERCENT IN SOME INNER CITY DISTRICTS

IV 17
THE BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR STUDY IN 1969 SPONSORED BY THE NEW YORK
STATE OFFICE OF PLANNING COORDINATION PROJECTED NEED FOR ABOUT 70000
HOUSING UNITS IN THE CORRIDOR BY 1985 OF WHICH 42000 WOULD DIRECTLY OR
INDIRECTLY BE BY THE SUNYAB PROGRAM AND THE BALANCE PRIMARILY
GENERATED
BY NORMAL EXPANSION
PRINCIPALLY IN THE SUBURBS OF THE 42000 UNITS
THE STUDY ESTIMATED THAT CLOSE TO ONEHALF WOULD BE DEVELOPED WITHIN
THE CITY SEGMENT OF THE CORRIDOR WHICH EXTENDS NORTHWARD FROM
THE
BUFFALO WATERFRONT ON BALANCE MOST OF THESE UNITS IN THE CITY WOULD
BE FOR REPLACEMENT OF EXISTING SUBSTANDARD UNITS

THE STUDY FURTHER PROJECTS THAT THERE WOULD BE NEED FOR CLOSE TO 14000
PUBLICLYASSISTED UNITS LOW AND MODERATE INCOME OF WHICH CLOSE TO 9000
WOULD BE WITHIN THE CITY

ITIS IN BUFFALOS INTEREST TO STIMULATE NEW HOUSING CONSTRUCTION WITHIN


THE CITY TO SERVE THE HOUSING NEEDS OF MANY CENTRAL CITY RESIDENTS AS
WELL AS SATISFY CURRENT DEMAND FOR NEW HOUSING BY BUFFALO RESIDENTS LIV
ING ELSEWHERE THE CITY

AT THE PRESENT TIME 6100 NEW HOUSING UNITS HAVE BEEN PROGRAMMED FOR
CONSTRUCTION DURING THE 19701975 PERIOD THE MAJORITY OF THESE WILL
BE CONSTRUCTED ON LAND MADE AVAILABLE
THROUGH THE URBAN RENEWAL PROGRAM
FOR LOW AND MODERATEINCOME FAMILIES AND ELDERLY PERSONS DEVELOPMENT
AND CONSTRUCTION WILL INVOLVE THE BUFFALO MUNICIPAL HOUSING AUTHORITY
THE NEW YORK STATE URBAN DEVELOPMENT
CORPORATION THE NIAGARA FRONTIER
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SEVERAL PRIVATE DEVELOPERS SUM
MARY OF THESE ACTIVITIES AND TIMETABLE FOR COMPLETION IS INCLUDED IN
FIGURE

IT IS
RECOMMENDED THAT THESE CURRENT EFFORTS BE EXPANDED BY THE CONSTRUC
TION OF AN ADDITIONAL 10525 NEW UNITS IN TWENTYONE LOCATIONS THROUGH
OUT THE CITY THESE UNITS ARE PROGRAMMED OVER AN EIGHTYEAR PERIOD AS
SUMMARIZED IN FIGURE THIS PROGRAM IS ALSO SUBJECT TO EXPANSION AS
LATER STAGE DEVELOPMENT ON SEVERAL PROPOSED NEW URBAN RENEWAL
PROJECTS
MAY YIELD AS MANY AS 5500 ADDITIONAL UNITS DURING THE LATTER PART
OF THE 1970S

TOGETHER EXISTING HOUSING ACTIVITIES DESCRIBED IN FIGURE AND PLANNED


NEW CONSTRUCTION DESCRIBED IN FIGURE YIELD 16625 NEW HOUSING UNITS
WITH POTENTIAL TO 23775 TOTAL UNITS
EXPANSION THIS LEVEL OF NEW HOUS
ING PRODUCTION WILL BE UNPRECEDENTED IN RECENT BUFFALO
HISTORY AND WILL
MOVE THE CITY RAPIDLY TOWARD SOLUTION OF ITS CURRENT HOUSING PROBLEM

IV 18
ALONE WILL NOT
PLANNING IMPRESSIVE NEW LEVELS OF HOUSING PRODUCTION
LAND DEV
ACCOMPLISH THE INTRICATE TASKS OF LAND ASSEMBLAGE FINANCING
THIS STUDY RECOMMENDS
ELOPMENT CONSTRUCTION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT
ACTIONS TO BE UNDERTAKEN BY VARIOUS BUFFALO AGENCIES AND
FIVE IMMEDIATE
THE 10525 UNIT NEW HOUSING
ORGANIZATIONS AS FIRST STEPS IN INITIATING
PROGRAM THESE ACTIONS ARE

INITIATE THE HERTEL AVENUE URBAN RENEWAL AREA TO BEGIN


LAND ASSEMBLAGE FOR 450 NEW HOUSING UNITS
AND 43
ACRE PARK IN ONE OF BUFFALOS OUTER NEIGHBORHOODS

INTERESTED PRIVATE DEV


ACTIVELY ENCOURAGE AND ASSIST
OF THE WALDEN PARK DEVELOPMENT
ELOPERS IN INITIATION
NEW TOWNINTOWN ON ONE OF BUFFALOS FEW REMAINING

LARGE VACANT TRACTS

THE COLD SPRING URBAN DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM


INITIATE
BETWEEN THE URBAN RENEWAL AND MODEL
AS PARTNERSHIP
RENEWAL MECHANISM TO
CITIES PROGRAMS USING THE URBAN
VACANT AND UNDERUTILIZED LAND
MAKE PREDOMINANTLY
CITIES HOUSING CORPORATION FOR
AVAILABLE TO THE MODEL
NEW HOUSING ON STAGED BASIS THEREBY CREATING RE
LOCATION HOUSING DURING EARLY STAGES IN THE SAME
FOR FAMILIES WHO WILL BE REQUIRED TO MOVE
NEIGHBORHOOD
FOR LATER STAGE NEW HOUSING CONSTRUCTION

INITIATE THE MODEL CITIES NEIGHBORHOOD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM


AREA TO BUILD UPON RECENT
IN THE SOUTHERN MODEL CITIES
THE STAGED
PROGRESS IN THE ELLICOTT PROJECT AND CONTINUE
CENTRAL CITY AREA
REDEVELOPMENT OF BUFFALOS MOST DETERIORATED

FOUR ITEMS IN THE


THE PLANNING BOARD APPROVED THE ABOVE
CITY
REPORT THE BOARD DID NOT APPROVE THE FIFTH ITEM LISTED BELOW ANY
BE
FUTURE PROPOSAL TO USE PARK LAND FOR OTHER USES WOULD HAVE TO
AND CAREFULLY BEFORE ANY ACTION WAS TO BE TAKEN
REVIEWED INDIVIDUALLY

AND ADMINISTRATIVELY FOR REDISTRIBUTION


PAVE THE WAY LEGALLY
THE BY INVESTIGATING NEW STATE
OF PARK LAND THROUGHOUT CITY
LEGISLATION AND ESTABLISHING PROGRAM TO ALLOW LIMITED
HOUSING DEVELOPMENT IN GROVER CLEVELAND AND SOUTH PARKS

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11

SATES
TALL

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FUTURE TREATMENT AREAS AL II


TILL

5111111

IV2L
RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER FIVE SECTION ONE

FRANK SEDITA MAYOR


BUFFALO NEW YORK

CITY PLANNING BOARD

HENRY HARPER CHAIRMAN


JAMES RAE VICECHAIRMAN
REVEREND GRANT CRUMPLEY
THEODORE DILLAWAY
ADAM DOMANSKI
DR PASQUALE GRECO
WOZNIAK
THE RT REV MONSIGNOR WILLIAM

DIVISION OF PLANNING

EUGENE FITZGERALD
DIRECTOR OF PLANNING

REPORT PREPARED BY

PAUL BARRICK
PRINCIPAL PLANNER

PARTICIPATING STAFF
FL

MARY ANN BODNAR MELVIN ALSTON


ELIZABETH MCCOSKEY DOUGLAS CARROLL
DOROTHY OLEAR WILLIAM CHERRY
RACHEL PALMERI ROBERT DEANTHONY
RICHARD GENNUSO
VICTOR GENNUSO
RICHARD KNELL
DANIEL PANARO

NOVEMBER 1968
RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER FIVE SECTION ONE

CONTENTS PAGE

INTRODUCTION

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

PARK AND RECREATION STANDARDS


FL

RECREATION PLAN 11

11
NEIGHBORHOOD

COMMUNITY 39

WIDE 44
CITY

51
APPENDICES

INDEX 73
NI
NA EHT EB
DERAPER HCUS EMACEB FO
DLEIF DNA
OT
DNA ERIUQCA DNAL
FO
DE N
EH
YTIC
DETSMLO ENILTUO 8681
SRETOP KRAP NWAL
SAW
EKAL ROYAM
DLUOC OT
EHT
9681 KRAP
SA
RAW KROY
LIVC WEN
DETSMLO DETSUQER
NA
TNES RP REBOTCO ETIMOC RAEN TNORF T SE RO F
FO L A IC F TR
EHT
OT NOITALSGE LICNUOC
EHT
LIRPA TCEL S
NI OT
SKRAP TE RTS RETROP
EHT
GNI WOD OLAFUB OT NO EHT
TSEW NA
DETNSRP GNILBANE TIMREP
SDENIATBO RENOIMC
ROF OT
HGIH TROF TSAL
DEZINGOCER RETFA
OT
2581 KRAP FO NI
ESN PXE OLAFUB TROPER OT KE RC EHT SAW TAHT
SRAEY LARTNEC NOISV
NI
REVIR
DETSMLO E RHT NE B ETIMOC ETAVIRP SKRAP
NI
DETSGUS TNECAJD ADUQJACS KRAP
NI
NALP
EHT
DEPOH ERUTALSIGE SAW
SIHT KRAP
D E S O P R TA
DETIMBUS ETIS FO KE RC 8681
SAW TI
ETATS KRAP EVLEWT
NOSDUH DNA DAH
SNEZITC EREW
KRAP ERAW LED
WAL EHT
GNIHSLBATE XUAV KNAB EHT EHT
EHT SEITC EHT YTIC
XUAV YNAPMOC DNA
SETIS
REBMVON
EHT
YB
LICNUOC MORF
CILBUP
DETNIOPA
NI
KCIRED F NO
TROPER SI AO
TAHT
NI
FO
8681 DNA
NI ROF E RHT
NETSAM
NO
YRETMEC DEMROF NI
NOM OC DERUCES
ROF
DENWORD NACIREMA RENTRAP XUAV NALP DETSMLO ETIS
EB DNAL ROYAM
NAHT AERA EHT EHT
SEITC DNA SDNAMED DIM DE N NGISED OT
GNI WOD
ETAVIRP REHTAR REVIR
OT
EHT
LANAC YRUTNEC
MADRETSMA ROTSJRAIFM NACIREMA NOITAERC EROFEB EHT EHT EHT NAHT NALP
FO
NOSDUH CITNAMOR REHTAR
FO
DENRUTER CD
TCEIHRA GNIHCAERP HCAORPA N O I T CE J R
EIRE DNA
YRUTNEC YTILBSNOPER ECAPS HT N E I N DETNSRP
WEN EHT EHT
N O T G I H S A W
ROF
FO EHT FO
DE N
NI
MORF LO HCS R UE D N A R G E R UT A N 0581
NOIS M EPACSDNAL
FO NI
YLRAE YEHT
LARUTAN DETNSRPE ROVAF EPORUE
EGALIV GNI EPO NEPO
T O CI L E C I L B U P EHT
E P A C S D N A L G N I W O D RE VI R NI
H T N E I N EHT
NOITCUDRN DEL IF
RENTRAP SDNUORG
EHT
MORF HPESOJ
EHT
HTIW
FO
TRAP
D E I V O R P MEHT SAW
DAH
LAMROFNI NOSDUH
FO NI
NI
SRETNIAP LO HCS XUAV CILBUP
EH
WERG
YB
D
4081
E R U C O
REHTO
EKIL
S K R A P
SA
SE I R T M E C ST E R T S
OSLA
D E T A N I M O D G N I W O D OHW
TLEF NA
H C A O R P A EHT
HTIW D E Z I S AH P M E
EHT
M S I L A R T U D N T R EV L A C XUAV
SA
ROF
OLAFUB NI
DNA G N I S E R T E P A CS D NA L LO HCS ESNES
FO
TIX
HTWORG D E P OL V E D E D I VO R P S A ER A C I L B U P N O S K C A J Y R U T N E C SAERA DETAICOS
N A EP O R UE NI
DNA
TEM HTIW
EROMLIF
E L I B O M T U A REVIR SEITC
FO
DIAL
YTIC SETA S
SEULAV GNIWORG GNI WOD DETINU
ROF
EHT SAW WERDNA LAMROF NE B
SUTEPMI OLAF I
TON
HCIHW SA
DID
TI NOITAERC GNILORTS EHT
FO HTNE IN NEPO
FO EHT SAH T NE M V O M NOSDUH RO TNEDISRP
DUE
GROW
ASITNCE RESUMED
ZOO WERE MADE
EY SORE WERE CIRCLE WAS BICY LE PO ULAR TO THE
OCTOBER WORK ROCK COMPLAINTS
IMEDATLY NURSEI AGSIZ ROADBES CONETIS
AN BE N NOW AND THAT IN
WERE
BE N
HAD AND
THE
HAD
PARKWAY
STRE T
BRIDLE
BECOME CONTIUED BELI F GROW
CITY
WITH
BUT
1937
HEWN
AND
OF
ATEMPTS
NEAR HAD AND SOURCE
CRE K SOUGHT 1871
QUAR Y
1874
PARKWAYS AMHERST
COLVIN PARK BOATING 1892
1920S BEGAN
TO
PROGRAM
IN
STONE LABOR THE
1890S
CONSTRUI
BY
IN
WAS IN
CONSTRUI CRUSHED RELIF
THE
BECOME
AT
1872
SCAJQUDA WATER COMPLETD HUMBOLDT PARKWAY OF
1896
LATE THE
IMPROVENT MODERNIZAT
AND BY
OF PARK IN
AND P R O V I D E NOW
EDGE BY
DONATI S THE
IN IN
YEARS QUAR Y
HAD
IN
GROWTH
OF
BODY WAS
SHRUBERY FOR
OPEN D PARK FROM DELAY LAKE
AVENUE NORTHELY
WERE
SHORELIN THIS LAKE STONE WAS LINCOLN THE
FACILTES NE DE FEW
PARK
OF
FOR PROVIDE PROVIDE PARKWAY CHAPIN ENTRACES JEWET THE
ORIGNATED
IN
AND AND
BEGAN
CAUSED IN
MANHTAN SEAWE D
SWAMPY TO
A R O U N D P L A C E D WPA FUNDS FINSHED THE
MANMADE AND
THE IMPROVENT EXCAVTION
THE THE E S T A B L I H E D
FIL ED CHAPIN BIDWEL
NOW OF

AND
COMPLETD AVENUE REOUTED PATHS
WERE PARK
SPECIMNS
THE
IN

SMAL
ZOO
THE
IN

TOO
WAS 1935 LACK
THE OF
WAS
AND

FROM
TAKEN
THE
ODOR
FOUL
TO
IN
EXTNDIG RAILOAD
IN
PROVIDE THEFRONT
TO
EXHIBTED AND 1870 CEMTERY ONLY WORK BETWEN SOUTH THE
STATE
RICHMOND DELAWRE HUMBOLDT PARKWAY COMERCIAL
DESIGNED WAS F E A T U R E D IN
LAWN NORTHEAS CRE K 190
TO
THE
BY
TO
IT
MAP BUFALO ELIGBE CITY
WAS PAR DE FOREST THE IN
DRETAINED ELAWRE APROCHES SCAJQUDA
OF THE
THE PARK AS
ON
WERE
MAP AVENUE THE THE
CITY LIST ACQUIRED
TO
AGAIN PARK 1876 1878
IN THE AND
PRO SED INDUSTRIAL THE
BY CROUNDS DEVLOPMNT SERVICE
OF
SIDE WAS
GIVEN
WERE THE
IN THEIR PARIS
PARKWAYS PARKWAY ALSO BUT
PRO SAL PERCHASED ASYLUM NORTH STRE T HAD
BE N
LEGISATON VAUX
AND
DESIGNS DESIGNED
AND
PARKS
IN
AND SYMPHONY BIDWEL
WAS
STRE T THIS STATE
PRIVATE CIVL THE
WAR G R A N T
ON
STRE TS
STATE
OLMSTED AND WERE NEW 1876
IN
CIRCLE AND H U M B O L D T AVENUE
SEN CA STIFLED
WAS THE
PARK BY
AND
CIVL LAND AND
THOSE
THE
PLANS
PAR DE THRE THE
LINCOLN CIRCLE FILMORE TO
AVENUE THE AVENUE THE
DELAWRE HOUNDE PARKS BETWEN
OF
WITH 1870
KE PING
IN
NECSARY THE
AND

THE
EXHIBT P1FRONT CHAPIN AGSIZ PARK SYTEM DEVLOPMNTS
IN THE THE PARKSIDE VETRANS ELMWO D BANK
WAS
IT THE 1894 II
NOINU SERCA
FO
KCOD 2391 1581 OT
EHT
EHT TE M NI
DESARCNI KRAP FO
7291
ENALPES
NI
OT DNA
LANOITDA DEN PO NOITSUQCA
YLAUNITOC YAWURHT ELASL
ESU KCOR
NI
OLAFUB DEIVORP AINMREG
48 1 EUD
OT
ETATS FO ELT IL FO
SAW DLO
NE TFI KCALB
SAW TI
2681
EHT
YB TNEMPOLVD
KRAP EVAH
NI FO
LAINET C TNEMPOLVD DEVICER NOITARBELC
EHT
KRAP 7981 KRAP
EGALIV
NI
DEMROF LANIGRO
GNIDECORP EHT
NI
EGDIRB ESU
KRAP EGAERCA OT
TUB
NI YTIC
EHT OLAFUB SAW EHT
LAINET C EDISRV
EHT 1391
SEGNAHC ECAEP ELTI ROJAM ELCRIC
NI
OT
9291 YTIC FO
0781
KRAP NI
NOITAMEDC YTIC 4781
EHT
DETOVED DERIUQCA KRAP
NI
TLIUB EHT
DETSIXE NI
TNORF EHT
DENAPXE OTNI
OT
YNOHPMYS
FO EHT NI
DERIUQER SAW ROF
AERA DAH YB
Y R ET ME C
LAITN EGDIRB SEHCAORP EGAERCA HCUM
EHT

YTIC
EHT TNORF
SIHT
DNA DERAPER NOITALUPO DEPOLVED TAHT
NI

2191
NI
KRAP DESAEL
ELCRIC KCOR
D E T L P M O C
DEMUSNOC
S TI
EHT 3191 OT
ECAEP DEGRU SAW SA
DNAMED
EREW DED A TCEPSORP NE B CILBUP EHT KCALB
SAW
GNIWOL F DELNIWD TNECAJD SAW
NI
EHT CIFART OSLA KRAP SKRAP EREW
DAH
TI EHT EHT ELCRIC
NI
NOITSPXE REHTO HGUOHT S E U
FO
B I N M O DESU
T N E M P O L V D STI
TROF EHT
SA
28 1 EHT SESAC
YTILBSNOPER
OT
D EG D E R D WEN
TIAWA
NEVE YTIC SNAEM Y L A U T N E V EUD
DENIOJDA
28 1 DRAYEVRG DERIUQER
NI
SESU TRUOC
SAERA NWARDES OH
E HT DNA EHT
NABRU XUAV
SROTISV TSRIF
TNORFETAW LAIRTSUDNI
FO NI
RETFA OT
EREW
YLHGUORHT SYAWETAG DERALC EHT
EHT DNA ETIS
DNA
YRATILM TNORF LAREV S
DERAP
FO
EHT 0781 DLO EHT
SAW
SREBMUN DEPOLVED GNIKLAW DED A SELIBOMTUA
EREW EHT
RETFA
EKAL NOITS PXE SGNIDLUB NOITS PXE
SAW
SAW TSAL
DETSMLO NI
NA
FO
DNA
YLTHGISNU 0981
YB
REVIR
EHT
EHT
DNAL
EGRAL EHT
RO

EREW
SPOTS
DNA EHT
DETCLES
DNA DESAHCRUP ESU
OT
TNEMPOLVD LANAC
LAREV S
NI
EROFEB NACIREMA NACIREMA FO
EHT
MORF EMIT EKAL SAW
YTIC EHT TCART
ECIWT
NAP
EHT
NOITLMED NAP
NOISMOC
DETCAR TNASID
SE ROH ENILTEB
SEUBROTM EHT
YB
KRAP
NE B
DAH
EHT
FO
DNAL
FO

EHT
DETIMREP
REHTRUF NE WTEB
YB
DEIPUCO
ERCA
02
EKAL ROF
EHT
EHT
FO

KRAP
DAORLIA SAW EGAIR C SYELORT
KRAP
EHT
EHT
KRAP WEIV TCART KRAP
DNAL
FO
SAW
SIHT
NOITARPE REVO SERUTC S TNEMPOLVD ERAWLED YLANIGRO LAVIRA SEC A
EHT
SKRAP DERIUQCA
YB
DEFLUGNE TNORF
EHT
NAELC
OT SAW
EHT
FO TI CIRTEL HCAER
OT DAH GNIDAMOC RETROP TNEMRVOG NOITSUQCA FO
TRAP
DNAL
SIHT YTIC II
OF
ACREAGE CITY 1935 OLMSTED
FOR PARK TIME
OF THE
INTE ION COMPLEX POINT INTO LAW NORTHEAS
WAS PARK THE IN
THE
IT OF TO
1925 THE THE
FORMELY 1925
THE
TO
BANKS
DUE
ENLARGED IN
ENGULFED
SAME
THE THE
BUT
IN
AND
PARK
THE
SITE
ON

IN
BUILT ADJCENT BOTH
ON
RECIVED WAS
PARK
ACQUIRED HAD
AT
18 7
WITH
PARKWAY THESTONY EXTNDE BUFALO FRED ICK SOUTH
1898
IN

NEAR
CITY WAS
IS
SITE CODY WAS
LAKESHORE PARK CITY 1892
OF
OF
BEGUN CLUBHOSE
CAZENOVIA ACRES DEVLOPMNT
IN
THE WHICH ACRE FIRST
WITH IN
BY
STRUC RE 69 76 AT
WAS
80
URBAN
CITY
THE THE POINT
ON CONETION SOUTH WHILE
THE
BY CITY
DEVLOPMNT WAS
BUILT
GRENHOUSE
BY
SCHO L STONY
PURCHASED FIRST
THE
OF
PURCHASED SITE
AAREAS DITONAL TIME ACQUIRED
POINT
WITH
THE
CITY MAINT ED
THE
BY
THE
FOR
BUFALO
OF
WAS
PARK FARM PRINC AL CITY RTHIS ESIDNTAL AN
WHICH WAS
STONY PARK PREVNTD THE
BY
WAS AN EX D STUDIES LARGE CLUB
THE
CRE K FROM
ACRES BY
PARK
PURCHASED SOUTH LINES SOLD
IT
WAS OF
COUNTRY
COURSE
LACKWNA ENTIRE SUBMITED CONSTRUI
1LOUGHTON MIL S AFTER 1890 31
PARK
CONETIG RAILOAD
BY SOUTH LATER THE
CAL ED NAMED
IN
CAZENOVIA DISTANCE 189 GOLF
CITY
THE OF WAS HAD
AND IN
TO WAS
1926 SCHO L THE IT
CRE K LAND
PARK AS UMED DRAINED GROUNDS
IN
GRADE PROVIDE BUT BE
1851
IN PUBLIC MCKINLEY PARK
HIGH
WAS NEW
PARK
WAS 1IN896
IS
TO
ADITONAL S C A J Q U D A
LOW
AND
1839
IN SQUARE COMISON THE
OF
PLOWED PAR DE
WAS AS

THE
IN FIELD FOR
NEED
MASTEN
IN
IT
LEGISATON BUILT
WHICH
SCHO L
1912
IN TIME ENCLOSED
1928
IN
BEGAN
CITY PARK
DEICATON PAR DE SERVED REPLACED
POTERS THE PLACE
WAS CITY THE WAS
THE
BY
NIAG RA THE
1873 THE THE PARK AND
AS
1894 TO
BUT
IDEA
SCHO L EXISTNG THE
BY

AT
CRE K PARK
THE
KNOWN LATER
MAKE
CONSTRUED PRO SAL
IN
IN
THE BUILT THE THE THE OF
1913
LEASED TO
1907 18 9 PARK ACQUIRED YEARS
WAS TABLED SQUARE IN
ORIGNALY 1874 WERE WAS FORMELY BY IN
OP OSED THE 191 IN
WAS TEN
DAREA EVLOPMNT
SQUARE PRESNTD THE
PLACE PARK
BY
IN IN BUILT THE
WAS
OVER TOOK STRUC ES CASINO PARK
DEVLOPED RESULTED FIRE WAS PARK
ACQUIRED
NIAG RA MAT ER
R E S O
WAS
L U T I N J U R I S
THE
BUT D C T O N M O N U M E N T HUMBOLDT
PARTILY
OPEN D OF
NUMBER
PRES NT MASTEN
THE

AND
18 6
AREA
THE
IN

COMISON SCHOL
PARK
THE
LOCATE
BY
DESTROYED DEMOLISHED
SCHILER WAS
LAND

THROUGH
DRAINED
THE
IN
FIL ED IV
EHT TES A EB
GNI ALP EHT
DETSMLO
ECNIS
ETINFED DERTACS DLUOHS
LXPREP
KRAP
YL T N E S R P YB
EVITCJBO
FO
SKRAP
HCIHW SDNUORGYALP
SI
SI
TAHT
SLAOG
SAERA DNOCES OLAFUB
I27
FO
LANIGRO METSY DNA HCUS
EGAERCA NO
DNAMED EHT
KRAP
SKRAP FO
NALP TROPER
EHT
NOISVRP
NOITAERC NOITAERC
EGNAHC EHT L AMS 8 81
DERWSNA YT E ICO S
OT
ROF
EHT
NA
XUAV FO

NOITDA NI
ST IXE YTIC
EHT
FO
GNITSXE
FO

MORF
DNA
ERISED EHT
DETSMLO STNEMRIUQ DETFIHS GNIWORG TUOHG RT EVITCJBO NOITCE RP
YB EVAH NIAM EHT
ERUGIF
YLACITRP SRETAUQ EVISNHRPMOC DEUDBUS
OT
EHT NI
EHT DEWO ELIHW EHT NI SIHT
DEN ALP
ENIL YB
NE B SI
NOM OC ECNREHDA SNOITRP SI
TI
NI
STI
LITNU
WEN
NETARHT
EB
DAH TBED
YTIC OT
DEX N A EHT
NOITADUOF TCEF E SMIHW YTIV CA METSY
STNEMPOLVD EHT
EDISTUO
DEVOM OSLA OLAFUB TAERG SIHT
NI
OT
EUNITOC YAWSERPX SNOSAER
TAHT
RUO
WERG
KRAP
SRENOIMC LARENG NOITAERC
NI
SAW
BULC SAW
EHT KRAP
SKRAP 6781 NI
NE B
YL UF
NALP
NA S NO I T A
SUOIRAVR E G L A U D I V N NOPU
KOOL
NOITAERC EHT
LAITNEDSR ETIS SA
BULC SIHT
FO NI
DOIREP DNUOS EHT
OT
TSOL
ROF
ERUT F
TAHT
L IW
EVITCURSED CILBUP
REVEN
Y T IL B S N O P E R
KRAP TSOL
TNEMPOLVD DELIATED
EHT FO DNA
ROF
5291 NE B
EHT TAHT SAH DNA
ROGIV ERUT F
STNEMLE YLAUNITOC
TON
YB
HGUOHTLA YRTNUOC NALP HTIW SAH YTIC
DNAMED
S T NE MP O L V D
OT FO NALP EHT DNA
EHT EHT HTIW FO
CILBUP
1091 DLO
LANIGRO OLAFUB SROYAM OLAFUB EHT
GNISOL YAWKRAP ERA FO EHT
SRAEY
EESOHT VITCURSNO
ETIS
SKRAP DEWOL F
NI
EHT FO
OGA
YTIC EHT MORF
YTXIS
EHT
SNEZITC
EHT
DEIVORP NOITELPMOC FO
SREGNAD TDLOBMUH TSSTEERBNI NALP
TAHT EMACEB
DENUOR S DESAHCRUP REHTRUF
DNA EB
E HT TUO 5391 HTIW
DEPOH SA YRUTNEC
FO
AERA YTIC
NI
YTIC
ROF
DROC A EHT
YB SLICNUOC
NALP
EHT

OT
ESOLC YTIC
GNITSXE
FO EHT KRAP
SI
TI RET AM NOISVRP
RECREATION FACILITIES

GENERAL ANALYSIS OF RECREATION FACILITIES

PREVIOUS REPORTS PREPARED BY THE NATIONAL RECREATION ASSOCIATION

IN 1946 THE DIVISION OF PLANNING IN 1962 AND THE COMMUNITY FACILITIES

PLAN OF THE MASTER PLAN OF 1964 HAVE UNDERSCORED THE DEFICIENCY OF

RECREATION LAND WITHIN THE CITY OF BUFFALO

THE 1946 INVENTORY AND PROPOSALS FOR RECREATION AREAS PREPARED

BY THE NATIONAL RECREATION ASSOCIATION CALLED FOR STANDARD IN BUFFALO

OF ONE ACRE FOR EACH 236 PERSONS AT THAT TIME THE EXISTING RATIO WAS

ONE ACRE FOR EACH 406 PERSONS INCLUDING THE LAND OF BENNETT BEACH

LOCATED IN EVANS TOWNSHIP THE NORMALLY RECOMMENDSONE ACRE

OF RECREATION LAND FOR EACH 100 PERSONS

THE NRA STATED IN ITS REPORT THAT THE GENERAL STANDARD MUST BE

IN TO MEET LOCAL CONDITIONS SINCE THE APPLICATION OF THE


ADJUSTED ANY CITY

STANDARD IN BUFFALO WOULD REQUIRE OVER TWENTYTHREE PERCENT OF THE LAND

AVAILABLE IN THE CITY TO BE DEVOTED TO RECREATION USES THE NRA FELT

THAT THIS WOULD BE AN UNJUST STANDARD IT ALSO NOTED THAT IN OTHER CITIES

WHERE THE DENSITY OF POPULATION IS LESS THAN IN BUFFALO IT IS NOT UNUSUAL


FL

TO FIND TEN PERCENT OF THE LAND USED FOR RECREATION PURPOSES THE PROPOSALS

OF THE NRA IN 1946 ACTUALLY WERE SLIGHTLY UNDER TEN PERCENT OF THE LAND
AREA OF THE CITY OR 2487 ACRES

IT WAS POINTED OUT IN THE REPORT PAGE THAT BUFFALOS DENSITY

OF POPULATION WAS UNUSUALLY HIGH WHICH IS FURTHER COMPOUNDED BY THE

FACT THAT WHEN THE RESIDENTIAL AREA ALONE IS CONSIDERED WITH 39 OF

THE LAND DEVOTED TO OTHER USES THE DENSITY OF POPULATION IN RESIDENTIAL

PORTIONS OF SOME CENSUS TRACTS EXCEEDS 50000 PERSONS PER SQUARE

MILE THE AVERAGE FOR ALL RESIDENTIAL AREAS IN THE CITY WAS APPROXIMATELY

23000 PERSONS PER SQUARE MILE IT WAS ALSO POINTED OUT THAT THE NEW

YORK STATE HEALTH DEPARTMENT IN FEBRUARY 1944 ESTIMATED THE CITYS

POPULATION TO BE 587 367 PERSONS THIS MAY WELL HAVE BEEN THE CITYS

PEAK OF POPULATION DUE LARGELY TO WORLD WAR 11 ACTIVITIES

FOR THE CITY AS WHOLE THE STANDARD OF ONE ACRE OF PLAYGROUND

SPACE AND ONE ACRE OF PLAYFIELD FOR EACH 800 PERSONS WAS PROPOSED IN

1946 THE TOTAL LAND DEVOTED TO RECREATION THEN WAS 1445 ACRES

TABLE PROVIDES COMPARISON OF THE ACREAGE RESERVED FOR

RECREATION WITH FIVE COMPARATIVE CITIES AND FOR BUFFALO THE FIGURES ARE

BASED ON THE 1960 CENSUS SINCE THESE ARE THE ONLY FIGURES PRESENTLY

AVAILABLE ON UNIFORM BASIS THE RATIO OF 027 ACRES OF RECREATION

NATIONAL RECREATION ASSOCIATION PLAN OF RECREATION AREAS AND


FACILITIES BUFFALO NEW YORK NEW YORK CITY MARCH 1946
PAGE 12
TABLE SUMMARY OF RECREATION ACREAGE FOR
BUFFALO AND COMPARATIVE CITIES 1960

1960

CITY POPULATION ACREAGE ACRESIGO


MILWAUKEE WISCONSIN 027 191 10355 01

922 244 000 65


BALTIMORE MARYLAND
OHIO 494 883 913 99
CINCINNATI
CLEVCLAND OHIO 869728 4093 047
1654 125 831 035
DETROIT MICHIGAN
BUFFALO NEW YORK 532759 1444 027

MILWAUKEE COUNTY IKIRK COMMISSION HAS JURISDICTION OF PARKS WITHIN CITY AND CO
SOURCE RECREATION AND PARK YEARBOOK 1961 NATIONAL RECREATION ASSOCIATION

TABLE II RESIDENCES STRUCTURAL TYPES IN PERCENT 1960

SINE LETAMILY UNITS TWO OR


DETACHED ATTACHED MORE UNITS
57
MILWAUKEE
BALTIMORE 13 57 30
33 63
CINCINNATI
CLEVELAND 36 57

DETROIT 40

BUFFALO 24 72
SOURCE CENSUS 1960

FIGURE POPULATION DENSITY COMPARED TO PERCENT


OF LAND RESERVED FOR RECREATION 1960

RECREATION LAND AS PER CENT OF TOTAL LAND AREA

EEESM VAUK
PUMM UMIHMFH CTN
UUMU IISI

MEIISIIEM ILILEILISUHI

PROPOSED

10 15
LAND PER 100 PERSONS FOR BUFFALO IS FAR BELOW THE GENERAL STANDARD OF

ONE ACRE PER 100 PERSONS RECOMMENDEDBY THE NATIONAL RECREATION

ASSOCIATION DUE TO THE CITYS INTENSE DEVELOPMENT IT IS UNREASONABLE

TO EXPECT THE CITY TO ATTAIN THE GOAL OF ONE ACRE PER 100 PERSONS RATIO

AS IS THE CASE WITH MOST DENSELY POPULATED CITIES THIS RELATIVE SITUATION

IS INDICATED IN THE GRAPH IN FIGURE ON PAGE THREE THE CITY OF BUFFALO

CANNOT BE EXPECTED TO ACQUIRE EXTENSIVE SITES WITHIN THE CITY IT IS

RECOMMENDEDTHAT LARGE PARK RESERVES SHOULD BE PROVIDED IN THE MORE

SPARSELY DEVELOPED SECTIONS OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA TO MEET THIS NEED

THE COMMUNITY FACILITIES PLAN OF THE 1964 MASTER PLAN RECOMMENDED

THAT STANDARD OF 35 PER 100 PERSONS OR 35 ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS BE

ESTABLISHED ESSENTIALLY THIS PROPOSAL RECOMMENDED ONE ACRE PER 1000

PERSONS FOR CITYWIDE PARKS ONE AND ONEHALF ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS FOR

COMMUNITY RECREATION FACILITIES AND ONE ACRE PER 1000 PERSONS FOR

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITIES

THIS REVISION OF THE SECTION OF THE 1964 MASTER PLAN DEALING WITH

RECREATION WAS PREPARED FOR TWO BASIC REASONS THE RECENT PREPARATION

OF POPULATION ESTIMATES REACHING TO 1990 FOR THE CITY OF BUFFALO HAVE

CAUSED REEVALUATION OF THE POPULATION OF THE CITY ON NEIGHBORHOOD BASIS

POPULATION HOUSING AND URBAN GROWTH 19671990


DIVISION OF PLANNING BUFFALO NEW YORK SEPTEMBER 1967
THE NEW PLANNING POPULATION FIGURES FOR THE YEAR 1990 HAVE BECOME THE

FOUNDATION FOR THE NEW RECREATION STANDARDS IN ADDITION MORE

AMBITIOUS OF PROVIDING RECREATION FACILITIES IS ANTICIPATED THROUGH


PROGRAM

THE STATE AND THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENTS ASSISTANCE THIS HAS BEEN

THE PROVISION OF SUCH FACILITIES


RECENTLY INDICATED BY INCREASED ACTIVITY IN

HAS RAISED THE PLANNING GOAL THROUGH THIS


THE DIVISION OF PLANNING

REPORT TO 045 ACRES PER 100 PERSONS OR 45 ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS

POPULATION FIGURE OF FIVE HUNDRED THOUSAND 250 ACRES


USING PLANNING

OF LAND RESERVED FOR RECREATION PURPOSES WOULD BE REQUIRED THE

1000 PERSONS FOR CITY


PROPOSALS CALL FOR ONE AND ONEHALF ACRES EACH PER

FACILITIES
WIDE COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD

PARK AND RECREATION STANDARDS


ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS

THE THE ESTABLISHMENT OF FOR PARKS AND RECREATION


FIRST STEP IN PLAN

AREAS IS THE ESTABLISHMENT OF DESIRABLE STANDARDS EXISTING FACILITIES MUST

BE JUDGED ON THE BASIS OF MEETING THESE STANDARDS THE FACILITY SHOULD BE

ADEQUATE IN SIZE FOR THE POPULATION SERVED AND PROVIDE SUFFICIENT ROOM FOR

THE PLAY AREA AND APPARATUS REQUIRED THE AGE COMPOSITION OF GIVEN AREA

SHOULD BE CLOSELY STUDIED TO GUIDE THE INSTALLATION OF FACILITIES WHICH WILL

MEET THE NEEDS OF THE SERVICE AREA THE SHOULD BE


MOST CLOSELY FACILITY

CENTRALLY LOCATED AND EASILY ACCESSIBLE THE STANDARDS WHICH FOLLOW


ALTHOUGH BASED ON NATIONAL STANDARDS ARE GUIDED TO GREATER EXTENT BY

LOCAL CONDITIONS

CITY WIDE RECREATION FACILITIES


15 ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS

CITYWIDE PARK REQUIREMENTS

ACCESSIBLE FROM THE ENTIRE CITY SERVES ALL AGE GROUPS

MINIMUM SIZE 100 ACRES

USES BOATING SWIMMING PICNICKING BASEBALL WATER

SPORTS HIKING AND FIELD SPORTS ARE COMMONLY

PROVIDED

WHERE LARGE CONCENTRATIONS OF PEOPLE ARE EXPECTED

PARKING AREAS COMFORT STATIONS AND SHELTERS SHOULD BE

PROVIDED

TOTAL CITYWIDE REQUIREMENTS INCLUDING SPECIALIZED

FACILITIES ARE ONE AND HALF ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS

SPECIALIZED FACILITIES

SPECIALIZED CENTERS OF ACTIVITY PROVIDED OF CITYWIDE

SCOPE SCENIC FEATURES STRIP PARK ZOO BOTANICAL

GARDENS OR RECREATIONAL ACTIVITY OTHER THAN ABOVE

NO SPECIFIC STANDARDS
COMMUNITY RECREATION FACILITIES
15 ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS

COMMUNITY PARK REQUIREMENTS

LOCATED IN AN AREA ACCESSIBLE TO THE RESIDENTS OF

COMMUNITY WITHIN ONEMILE RADIUS THIS FACILITY

WOULD SERVE ALL AGE GROUPS IN GENERAL IT WOULD

SERVE 20000 50000 PERSONS BASED ON APPROXIMATELY

ONEHALF ACRE PER THOUSAND PERSONS

USES PASSIVE RECREATION AREAS SWIMMING POOL

BAND SHELL COMFORT AND SHELTER STATIONS LANDSCAPING

AND PICNIC AREAS COULD BE PROVIDED

COMMUNITY PLAYFIELD

LOCATED IN AN ACCESSIBLE AREA AND SERVING FROM THREE

TO FIVE NEIGHBORHOODS THIS FACILITY WOULD SERVE

PRIMARILY YOUNG PERSONS OVER FIFTEEN YEARS OF AGE

WITHIN ONEMILE RADIUS THE REQUIRED ACREAGE FOR THE

ENTIRE CITY AVERAGES ONE AND AHALF ACRES PER ONE

THOUSAND PERSONS BUT THE INDIVIDUAL COMMUNITY REQUIREMENT

WOULD VARY WITH THE POPULATION OF THE


DENSITY COMMUNITY

THIS ADJUSTMENT IS MADE FOR THE OBVIOUSLY GREATER NEED

IN DENSELY POPULATED AREAS THESE COMMUNITY

PLAYFIELDS WOULD RANGE FROM 08 ACRES TO 13 ACRES


PER THOUSAND STRESSING FLEXIBILITY ACCORDING TO SPECIFIC NEEDS

FACILITIES COULD INCLUDE SEPARATE FIELDS FOR MEN AND WOMEN

CROQUET AND ARCHERY AREAS SWIMMING POOI PARKING AREAS

AND PLAYGROUND RECREATION BUILDINGS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED

ESPECIALLY IN THE AREAS INDICATED ON PAGE 40 AS COMMUNITY

RECREATION CENTERS

NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION FACILITIES


ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS

NEIGHBORHOOD PLAYGROUND REQUIREMENTS

CENTERED IN NEIGHBORHOOD PREFERABLY ADJACENT TO

SCHOOL OR AGENCY TO PROVIDE YEARROUND RECREATION

SUPERVISION WHEN POSSIBLE THE FACILITY SHOULD BE

LOCATED NEAR AN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ACTIVE AREAS

EMPHASIZING AGES FIVE THROUGH 15 COULD INCLUDE

PASSIVE AREAS FOR ALL AGE GROUPS THE SERVICE RADIUS

MAY EXTEND TO ONEHALF MILE AT LEAST ONE AREA SHOULD

BE PROVIDED FOR NEIGHBORHOOD OF 5000 PERSONS WITH

MINIMUM SITE OF AT LEAST TWO ACRES FACILITIES MAY

INCLUDE OUTDOOR PLAY APPARATUS AREAS SOFTBALL DIAMOND

MULTIPLEUSE PAVED AREA QUIET AREA SHELTER HOUSE

COMFORT STATION AND SOME PARKING SPACE WHILE


CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIVIDUAL
NEIGHBORHOODS VARY THE

GENERAL DISTRIBUTION SHOULD BE ONE ACRE


PER 1000

PERSONS FOR PLAYGROUNDS

13 NEIGHBORHOOD PARK REQUIREMENTS

CENTERED IN
NEIGHBORHOOD POSSIBLY ADJACENT TO

PLAYGROUND THE NEIGHBORHOOD


PARK WOULD PROVIDE OPEN

AREA PASSIVE RECREATION BENCHES AND ATTRACTIVE

LANDSCAPING THE GENERAL STANDARD WOULD BE ONEHALF

ACRE PER 1000 PERSONS THERE IS NO SPECIFIC REQUIREMENT

FOR THIS OF PARK AREA


TYPE IT MAY ALSO EXIST IN THE FORM

OF PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY CONNECTING VARIOUS FACILITIES

SPECIAL RECREATION STANDARDS

TOT LOT REQUIREMENTS

TOT LOTS ARE GENERALLY LOCATED IN MEDIUM OR HIGH DENSITY

RESIDENTIAL AREAS TO SERVE PRESCHOOL CHILDREN THEY

NORMALLY ARE NOT OPERATED AS FUNCTION OF THE PARKS

DEPARTMENT THE DIVISION OF PLANNING WOULD RECOMMEND


THAT NEIGHBORHOOD GROUPS DEVELOPERS AND THE BUFFALO

MUNICIPAL HOUSING AUTHORITY AND OTHER AGENCIES PROVIDE

SUCH FACILITIES WHEN THEY ARE DEEMED TO BE DESIRABLE

THE SUGGESTED SIZE RANGES FROM 2500 TO 8000 SQUARE


FEET AND THE FACILITIES MAY INCLUDE SUCH THINGS AS AN

OPEN SHELTER BENCHES SAND BOX SPRAY POOI SWINGS

SLIDES CLIMBING APPARATUS AND FENCING TO SERVE AS

OF SMALL
SCREENING AND TO CONTROL THE WANDERING

CHILDREN SEE TABLE IV PAGE 38

SCHOOL OPEN SPACE AND RECREATION REQUIREMENTS

WHILE IT IS DESIRABLE TO LOCATE NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION

FACILITIES NEAR OR ADJACENT TO SCHOOLS THIS IS NOT ALWAYS

POSSIBLE WHEN THE NEAREST RECREATION AREA IS OVER 500

FEET FROM THE SCHOOL IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT TWENTYFIVE

PERCENT OF THE TOTAL LOT AREA OF THE SCHOOL BE DEVOTED TO

RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE PARKING FACILITIES SHOULD NOT

ENCROACH UPON THE AREA RESERVED FOR THIS PURPOSE THE

INTENT FOR PROVIDING THIS AREA WOULD BE FOR BOTH OPEN SPACE

AND AN AREA TO BE USED FOR MINOR RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES

TEMPORARY FACILITIES REQUIREMENTS

WHEN COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING WOULD INDICATE THAT SITE

WOULD BE IMPROPERLY LOCATED VACANT CITYOWNED PARCEL

OF LAND MIGHT BE TEMPORARILY USED FOR RECREATIONAL

PURPOSES IF THE NEED EXISTS HOWEVER THE USE OF THAT SITE

WOULD BE CONSIDERED TEMPORARY AND IT SHOULD NOT BE

DEDICATED FOR SUCH PURPOSES ASSISTANCE IN MAINTENANCE

AND SUPERVISION MUST COME FROM THE NEIGHBORHOOD

10
SPECIAL CATEGORY OF RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE

TIFFT FARM RESERVATION

THE TIFFT FARM AREA COMPRISING APPROXIMATELY 250 ACRES WAS ADDED
TO THE RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE PLAN ON FEBRUARY 1972 AS
SPECIAL CATEGORY OF OPEN SPACE IT IS TO BE RESERVED PRIMARILY FOR
THE PRESERVATION OF WILDLIFE IN NATURAL SETTING THE
PREVIOUSLY
AREA WAS DESIGNATED AS INDUSTRIAL RESERVE AS AN OPEN SPACE
RESERVATION THE AREA WILL BE CONTRAST TO AN OTHERWISE INDUSTRIALLY
ORIENTED AREA AND PROVIDE RELIEF FROM SURROUNDING HEAVY INDUSTRIAL
DEVELOPMENTS SEE PAGE 46A

BA
THE RECREATION PLAN

WHENEVER POSSIBLE IT WOULD BE DESIRABLE TO LOCATE RECREATION

FACILITY ADJACENT TO SCHOOL THIS WOULD ENABLE THE CONCENTRATION OF CHILDREN

TO MAKE GREATER USE OF THE FACILITY CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN IN LOCATING SPECIFIC

SITE TO MAKE CERTAIN IT IS IN THE BEST LOCATION POSSIBLE THAT IT IS ON SITE NOT

LIKELY TO HINDER VARIOUS EXPANSION PROGRAMS AND NOT IN THE PATH OF FORESEEABLE

EXPRESSWAY

APPENDIX PLANNING POPULATIONS PRESENTS THE PLANNING

POPULATION OF THE CITYS VARIOUS NEIGHBORHOODS AND COMMUNITIES AND INDICATES

EACH UNITS EXISTING FACILITIES ITS PLANNING REQUIREMENTS IN ACRES AND THE

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE REQUIRED TO MEET THE STANDARD OF ONE ONEHALF ACRES

PER 1000 PERSONS

TABLE 111 PRESENTS THE NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN PHASE OF THIS

PLAN WOULD RAISE THE EXISTING LEVEL TO GOAL OF ONE ACRE PER ONE THOUSAND

PERSONS AND SUGGESTS GENERAL LOCATION FOR SUCH ADDITIONS THE NEIGHBORHOODS

WHICH LACK OVER TWOTHIRDS OF THIS REQUIREMENT ARE INDICATED BY TWO ASTERISKS

AND SHOULD BE CONSIDERED HIGH ON PRIORITY BASIS NEIGHBORHOODS

11
LACKING BETWEEN ONE AND TWOTHIRDS OF THIS REQUIREMENT ARE INDICATED BY

SINGLE ASTERISK THESE SHOULD RECEIVE ATTENTION NEXT ON

PRIORITY BASIS

PHASE 11 IS LONGER RANGE PROPOSAL WHICH SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN

AFTER ALL NEIGHBORHOODS HAVE BEEN BROUGHT UP TO THE GOALS OF PHASE

THIS PHASE WOULD ELEVATE ALL NEIGHBORHOODS TO GOAL OF ONE AND HALF

ACRES PER ONE THOUSAND PERSONS THE SUGGESTED LOCATIONS INDICATED

WOULD BE SUBJECT TO REVIEW AT THE TIME OF IMPLEMENTATION AT THE

PRESENT TIME THESE LOCATIONS WOULD SEEM TO BE THE BEST ACCORDING TO

PRESENT CONDITIONS

12
TABLE 111 NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

PHASE GOAL ONE ACRE PER THOUSAND PERSONS

PHASE II GOAL ONE AND HALF ACRES PER THOUSAND

PERSONS SEE APPENDIX FOR


INVENTORY OF EXISTING FACILITIES

TABLE III CONTINUES ON THE FOLLOWING PAGES INDICATING REQUIREMENTS

OF NEIGHBORHOODS LISTED UNDER COMMUNITY GROUPINGS

SINGLE ASTERISK PRECEDING THE NEIGHBORHOOD INDICATES THAT

ACRE
NEIGHBORHOOD HAS TWOTHIRDS OR LESS ACREAGE OF THE PHASE

REQUIREMENT

DOUBLE ASTERISK PLUS UNDERLINING INDICATES THE NEIGHBORHOOD HAS ONLY

ONETHIRD OR LESS OF THE PHASE GOAL

13
VABLR III CONTINUED

RIVI CUMMUNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

PHASE ONE

NEIGHBORHOOD PHASE ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED


WITH EXISTING ACREAGE ACREAGE REQUIRED LOCATION

RIVERSIDE PARK 72
RIVERSIDE PARK 76 04 PS 60

MILITARY 63
BLACK ROCK 27 25 PS 51

UPPER BLACK ROCK 25 11 PS 42

PHASE TWO

PHASE DL ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED


NEIGHBORHOOD ACREAGE REQUIRED LOCATION

RIVERSIDE PARK 35 PS 65

RIVERSIDE PARK 40 RANO ST

MILITARY 31 BARRETT PIG


IACIIATIES BY NEGHBOT
RIVERSIDE PARK NORTH
BLACK ROCK 26 PS 51

WILLIAMS PLAYGROUND
UPPER BLACK ROCK 18 PS 42
PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 65
ALL SAINTS SCHOOL
SHAFFER VILLAGE

RIVERSIDE PARK SOUTH

RIVERSIDE PARK
PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 60
RIVERSIDE BRANCH LIBRARY
FIRE STATION ENGINE NO 26

10
RIVERSIDE HIGH
ONTARIO SMALL BOAR RAMP
SC
COMMUNITY POPULATION BY AGE AND SEX
SOURCE 1966 CENSUS III ACK ROCK

11 ST JOHN BAPTIST SCHOOL


31039
MALT EMALK 12 POST OFFICE
15072 IB 13 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 51
14 JUBILEE RECREATION CENTER LIBRARY
15 FIRE STATION NO 15
16 ST FRANCIS XAVIER SCHOOL

48 UPPER BLACK ROCK

3S 17 ST ELIZABETH SCHOOL
18 FIRE STATION ENGINE NO 12

2529 19 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 42


20 AUSTIN STREET

IS
1014 MILITARY

21 WEST HERTEL MIDDLE SCHOOL


J10ER
22 CARDINAL DOUGHERTY HIGH SCHOOL
23
3026 3016101 105 24
ST FLORIAN SCHOOL
POLICE STATION NO13
25 JASPER PARISH P1
26 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 79
27 BARRETT PLAYGROUND
28 RAMSDELL PLAYGROUND
29 LASALLE COURTS

14
EXISTING CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY
ECK CATION EACILITY

PROPOSED CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY


RECREATION FACILITY

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD OR PLAYGROUND

PRIVATP OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

NON RESIDENTIAL

ONEIGHBORHOODBOUNDARY LINE
COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER

EXISTINGNEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASE
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEIL
ILLILUL PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY

15
TABLE III CONTINUED

NORTH BUFFAW NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

PHASE ONE

NEIGHBORHOOD PHASE ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED


WITH EXISTING ACREAGE ACREAGE REQUIRED LOCATION

NARTH DELAWARE 24 43 LAFAYETTE PIG

NORTH PARK 07 123 TAUNTONCOLVIN 60


NPARKTAUNTON 63
STARIN 51 09 TAUNTONSTARIN

CENTRAL 70 PARK
COMMUNITY POPULATION RY AGE AND SEX
PARK MEADOW 67 SOURCE 1966 CENSUS

PARKSIDE 35 33 PS 54 05 MA FEUAIA

OAKWOODMAIN 28 20618 24175

604
65591

PHASE TWO 50541

PHASE II ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED 4044


NEIGHBORHOOD ACREAGE REQUIRED LOCATION 3539
3O
NORTH DELAWARE 34 DELAWARELINDEN
2C34
NORTH PARK 65 TAUNTONCUNARD 45
NPARKHERTEL 20
STARIN 30 TAUNTONSTARIN 08 IN59
TAUNTONSTANDISH
3550252015105 510520253035
CENTRAL PARK 35 WALLACEREVERE

PARK MEADOW 16 PS 64

PARKAIDE 34 OAKWOODMAIN EXP

NORTH DELAWARE PARKSIDE

19 ST MARKS SCHOOL
PUBHC SCHOOL NO 81
20 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 54
PUBLIC SCHOOL NO
21 DEAF
21 ST MARYS SCHOOL FOR THE DISEASE RESEARCH
NORTH PARK LIBRARY
22 BUFFALO SISTER CHARITY HOSPITAL
HOLY SPIRIT SCHOOL 23 MEDAILLE COLLEGE

NORTH PARK DELAWARE PARK


PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 88
24 DELAWARE PARK
HEBREW SCHOOL ACADEMY 25 BUFFALO ZOO
ST MARGARETS SCHOOL
26 DELAWARE PARK CASINO
FIRE STATION ENGINE NO 38 POLICE STATION NO 17

PARK MEADOW
STARIN
27 HISTORICAL
10 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 66 SOCIETY BUILDING

SCHOOL NO 86 28 NICHOLS SCHOOL


11 PUBLIC
29 ELMWOODFRANKLIN SCHOOL
12 ST ROSE LIMA SCHOOL
30 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 64
31 FIRE STATION NO
CENTRAL PARK
32 MCKINLEY VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
33 CONVENT SACRED HEART
13 HOLY ANGELS ACADEMY
14 SHOSHONE PLAYGROUND
15 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 22
16 BENNETT HIGH SCHOOL ALL HIGH STADIUM
17 FIRE STATION NO 34
18 FAIRFIELD LIBRARY

16
SCAJAOIJJJA

FLVNG QMNWNNRY
AA IJAILON FACIIIIX

IMOJOSO CITYWIIZ OR COMMUNITY


ION KACILILY

CUVALL IINVRRILO OR PLAYCROUND

OIIRAIX OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

IT
NON RI51012NOFLI

ONLIUJIIOIIOOO ICOLINOARY JAN12


COMMUNECUR LIACON CISNRISR

WIRTH UFF
RECREATION PLAN

EXISTING NEIGHBORKOOD FACILITY


PROPOSEO NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASE
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEII
PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALIWAY
TABLE III CONTINUED

NOITH EAST CGO4UN1TY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

PHASE

NEIGHBORHOOD
WITH EXISTINA ACRAA
PHASE
ACREA RO
ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED
LOCATION

UNTVE 41 30 TYLERBRUCE

LASALAE 11 94 CORDOVA QUARRY 52


AMHERST
KELWINGTON 141
LEROY 139

PHASE TWO

NEJABBORHOOD
PHASE
ACREAGE RA
ADDITIONAL SUZ
LOCATION

39 TY1BRUCE 21
CO
UNIVERSITY
PS 83 18
LASALLE 53 PARKRIDGEKENSINGTON4O
EXP 13
KENSINGTON 44 TOCKBRIDGEJ3AILEY 32
PS 80 12
LEROY 06 DEWEY PIG EXP

UNIVERSITY

PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 83
CANRALICIAN CENTER FOR CHILDREN
COMMUNITY POPULATION BY AGE AND SEX
ST JOSEPH SCHOOL
SOURCE 1966 CENSUS
STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO
GROVER CLEVELAND PARK
VETERANS HOSPITAL
V4AA
KENSINGTON

PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 80 60
PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 85
ROOSEVELT PLAYGROUND 501S
10 SR JAMES SCHOOL 454
11 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 68 4044

LA SALLE 3034
25
12 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 63
13 POST OFFICE
14 FIRE STATION POLICE STATION
15 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 78

LEROY
510
16 MANHATTAN PLAYGROUND
17 CENTRAL PARK PLAZA
18 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 61
19 KENSINGTON POOL
20 DEWEY PLAYGROUND
21 BURGARD VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
22 BLESSED TRINITY SCHOOL
23 FIRE STATION ENGINE NO 24

IS
EXPRI WAY

EXISTING CITYWIDE
FACILITY
COM
ED CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY
IIECIIEAFLON FACILITY

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD OR PLAYGROUND

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

NONR EXISTING
PROPOSED
NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY
NE1GHBO FACILITY PHASE
OANEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY LINE
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEIL
COMMUN1TY RECREATION CENTER
ILLILLIL PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
19
TASLK III CQITUWXD

VEST SIDE NELIBBORHOOD KEOREATION FINN

COMMUNITY POPULATION ALI AND SEX


SOURCE 19 CENSUS

NIBBOIBOOD PHASE ADDILIONAL SU8GEATEA 55806


WITH IET1M ACREZ ACRESA 14U1XD MMK

YOREAT 26 34 PS 52 MUMM
WESTPOLOMAC
SCH ST PARK
33
55 5O
FRONT PARK 138 47 SOB ST PARK 47
4O
O34
LAKEVIEW 118 33 HUDSON STRIP PARK

O24
PHASE IVO
ZO 14

NEIGHBORHOOD
P1IEEE
ACREAGE
II ADDITIONAL
REGUIWED
SUG
LOOE
FOREST 30 WATPOTOMAC 28 AO 45 40 40 49 20 95

GRANTFERRY 78 PS 45 38
DEWITTAUBURN 40
FRONT PARK 93 SCH ST PARK 28
VEMONTFARGO 25
MASS CENTER 40
TAU13
PS
LAKEVIEW 75
26
WESTVIRGINIA 36

FRONT PARK

SQUAW ISLAND 20 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 18


21 FERRY CIRCLE
WEST SIDE INCINERATOR 22 MASSACHUSETTS RECREATION CENTER
BUFFALO SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT 23 FIRE STATION NO
BRODERICK PARK 24 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 38
WEST SIDE ROWING CLUB 25 OUR LADY OF LORETTO SCHOOL
26 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 77

FOREST 27 MASSACHUSETTSSEVENUPGUSTI PLAYGROUND


28 PUMPING STATION
BRADLEY STREET POOL 29 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 49
CORONATION SCHOOL 30 174TH REGIMENT ARMORY

FIRE STATION NO 19 31 GROVER CLEVELAND HIGH SCHOOL


PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 52 32 HOLY ANGELS SCHOOL
33 DYOUVIIZE COLLEGE
GRANTFERRY 34 PROSPECT PARK LIBRARY
35 FRONT PARK ICE RINK

PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 19 36 NEW YORK NATIONAL GUARD GARAGE


10 NEW LIBRARY 37 UNITED STATES NAVAL RESERVE TRAINING CENTER
11 POLICE STATION NO LAKE VIEW
12 LAFAYETTE HIGH SCHOOL
13 ANNUNCIATION SCHOOL
38 WAI PUMPING STATION
14 LAFAYETTE HOSPITAL 39 CENTENLAL SWIMOLING POOLS
15 ANNUNCIATION HIGH SCHOOL 40 LASALLE PARK
16 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 45
41 LAKEVIEW HOUSM
17 POST OFFICE 42 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO
18 COLONIAL CIRCLE 43 DYOUVILLE COLLEGE
19 SCHOOL
NATIVITY 44 FIRE STATION NO 29
45 KLEINHANS MUSIC HALL
46 POLICE STATION NO 10
47 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO
48 HOLY CROSS SCHOOL
49 TAURTALLO PARK
SO PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 36
51 DAYS PARK
52 BOYS CLUB
53 SMALL BOAT LAUNCHING RAMP TO BE REMOVED
20
EI

EXISTING CERNWIDE OIS CCMMCNIIY


BEER EN ION FACILITY

PROPOSEDCITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY
RECIIEATION FACILITY

NV PRIVATE ILAYIIIILO OR PLAYGROUND

PRIVATII OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

2SONON RESIIINLIAL

COMMUNITY
IVIOSIIARY
RIICIEATION
LINE
CENTER

AN

RECREATION PLAN

EXISTING NEIGHBORHOOD
FACILITY
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOODFACILITY PHASE
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOODFACILITY PHASEII
21 1111111 PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
TABIA III COT4TINUED

ELNWOOD CGIMUNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION FLAN

PHASR OTIE

NEIGHBORHOOD
WITH EXISTI ACREAGE
PHASE
ACREAGE
ADDICIONAL
INQUIRED
SUG
ALBRIGHT 64
LINCOLN 84
CLEVELAND 21 72 35
BRECKANRIDGE
HARVARDSALCOM37
BRYANT 11 82
IC1
HO4GEABLAND 50
32
ALLEN 16 36 VLXGINIA STRIP PARK

PHASE TWO

NEIGHBORHOOD
PHASE II ADDITIONAL
ACREAGE 8QUIRED LO
SUGGESTED

ALBRIGHT

LINCOLN 14 PS 56

CLEVELAND 45 PS 17 15
HIGHLAND 30
SRYANT 47 PS 16 16
LINWOODSU 31
ALLEN 26 ALLENCOLLEGE

COM
SOURCE
POPULATION
1966 CENSUS
BY AGE AND SEX

MA 32279
14105 11574

EO
ALBEIGHT BRYANT
505
STATE UNIVERSITY COLLEGE AT BUFFALO 16 ST JOSEPHS SCHOOL
BUFFALO STATE HOSPITAL 17 FIRE STATION ENGINE NO 16

ALBRIGHTKNOX ART GALLERY 18 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 16


DELAWARE PARK 19 CHILDREN5 HOSPITAL
20 BISHOP MCMAON SCHOOL
LINCOLN 21 BISHOP PALLON SCHOOL
22 SENIOR CITIZENS TSIG
CALASANCTIUS PREPARATORY SCHOOL 23 CLUB I0I
BUFFALO SEMINARY
PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 56 ALLEN

CLEVELAND 24 ROSA COPLON HOME


25 ARLINGTONPARK
PUBLIC SCHOOL NO17 26 ST MARYR SEMINARY
NEW YORK GUARD
NATIONAL 27 SALVATION ARMY
10 MILLARD FILLMORE HOSPITAL 28 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 46
11 NARDIN ACADEMY SCHOOL 29 IMMACULATE CONCEPTION SCBOOL
12 CANISIUS HIGH SCHOOL
13 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 30
14 BIDWELL BRANCH POST OFFICE
15 ELMWOODBRANCH LIBRARY

22
CEMETARY
44
FOREST

SY

2X1S7ING CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY


FACILITY

POSED CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY


PH RECREATION FACILITY VIRGINIA

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD OR PLAYGROUND

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

NON RESIDENTIAL RECREATION PLAN


ONBIONBORHOODBOUNDARY LINE
COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER EXISTINGNEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEI
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEIL
11111111 PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY

LU
TABLE ELI CONTINUEI

MASTEN CGO NEJEBBARBOOD RECREATION PLAN

PHASE ONE

NEIGHBORHOOD
WITH EXIST IN ACREAGE
PBAAE
ACREAGE
ADDITIOT
KEQUIIED LO
SUGGESTED

COLD SPRING 02 58 COLD PTIN CENTER38


NARTH1ANDHE 20
HAMLIN PARK 14 132 ERRYTHIPONT 46
TRINIDAD 35
HEULTA VALKVAY 29
NORTHISADHAGEN 22

Z4ASTEN PARK 69 55 PS 35
PS 48 20
KINGFIEY 15 65 KINGSLEY PIG ADD 08
PS 39 22
NORWAYBADGE 35

FMIT BELT 40 50 ELMNORTH 25


LEMONCANTON 25

PHASE TWO

PHASE II ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED


NEIRHBORHOOD ACREAGE RQUIRED LOCATION

COLD SPRING 30 COLD SPRING CENTER 30


HANLIN PARK 73 COLD SPRING CENTER 73
MESTEN PARK 62 UTICAMICHIGAN 20
COEELLICOTT 42
KINGSLEY 40 KINGSLEYWILLOW 40
FRUIT BELT 45 LEMON 15
VIRGINIAMICHIGAN 30

HAMLIN PARK FRUIT BELT

JEFFERSON BRANCH LIBRARY 23 FIRE STATION HAG NO


MASTEN BOYS CLUB 24 BUFFALO GENERAL HOSPITAL COMMUNITY POPULATION AGE AID SEX
HIINBOLDT YMCA 25 ROWELL PARK INST SOURCE 1966 CENSUS
LUTHERAN CHURCH 26 EYE GAR HOSPITAL
PS NO 53 27 POST OFFICE MALL
PS NO 74 28 PS NO 31 35304

PS NO 93 29 ST BONIFACS SCHOOL
CANISIUS COLLEGE 30 OUR LADY OF LOURDES SOBOOL
ST VINCENT SCHOOL 31 GIRLS TOE HS
10

HASTEN
ST FRANCIS SCHOOL

PARK
34 NI
32 NYS ARRY
33 US VET BLDG

KINGSLEY
HOUSE 4O
3034
11 BRANCH POST OFFICE
12 MACTEN PAL 35 FIRE STATION BOG NO 21

13 WOODLAWN JR US 36 DEACONESS HOSPITAL


14 PS NO 48 37 PS NO 39
15 PS NO 38 KINGSLEY PIG
16 ST NICHOLAS SCHOOL
BISHOP FLUFFY CENTER SCHOOL
18 BISHOP HERN HS C0LD SPRING
19 HASTEN PIG
20 SKATING LAND 39 CANISINT COLLEGE PHYSICAL
21 RICHARD CARNIVAL CENTER EDUCATION
22 WAR MEMORIAL STADIUM

24
EXISTING CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY
RECREATION IACILITY

PROPOSED CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY


RECREATION

PRIVATE PLAYPIELD OR PLAYGROUND

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

NONRESIDENTIAL

NEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY LINE 11T114


COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER

SAITTU
QIGNTNNTNTT
RECREATION PLAN

EXISTINGNEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASE
PROPOSED NEIGHDORIOOD FACILITY PHASEIL
11111111
PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
TABLE III CONTINUE

EAST BELAVAN CG NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

PMSL ONE

NEIGHBORHOOD
VITB CISTING ACRE
PHASE
ACRA
ADDITIONAL
REQUIRED LO COMMUNITY POPULATION BY ACA ANI SEX
NEYER 95 28 MOSELLE EI
SOURCE 1966 CENSUS

68992
09 126 COXMTLLYO1YUIC 25 MALE MAT

COTIRTLANABASON 50
30 6O6
BAILEYSHTECK 21
LANG 52 11 PS 71

IIUUBOIDT PARK 60 40 PS 59 15
SCAJAQUADA VALKVAY 27 3S
120 00 2S2

38 49 PS
SCHILLER PARK 51 11 WALDENST M2
PUASE NO
OT

SUA
PHASE II ADDITIONAL 20 10 10 IS 20 25 015
SUGGESTED
4EIRHBARHOOD ACREAAE REQUIRED LOOTIOFL

NEYER 62
SCAJ AQUADACRI4ET 20
KENFIELD 68 ROMADE1AVA 20
COURTLAND EXP 48
LANG 32 LANGWEBER XP
HUMBOLDT PARK 60 SCAJAQUADAFILLM 18
WOODLMMULIZORE 42
MOSELLE 45 RUSTIEFLOAT 30
URBAN PLG 15
WALDENBAILEY 44 WOODKEYSTONE

SCHILLER PARK 31 W1DEI

MEYER LANG MOSELLE

KENSINGTON HEIGHTS PLAYGROUND 19 BRANCH LIBRARY 32 BRANCH LIBRARY


KENSINGTON HEIGHTS 20 ARCHBISHOP CARROLL HIGH SCHOOL 33 EMERSON VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
FILLMORE HIGH SCHOOL 21 LANGWEBER PIG 34 EMERSON PLAYGROUND
PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 84 22 BISHOP TURNER HIGH SCHOOL 35 NOWAK PLAYGROUND
MEYER MEMORIAL HOSPITAL 23 PLAYGROUND 36 ST LUKES SCHOOL
ST BARTHOLOMEWS SCHOOL 24 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 71 37 CENESEEHUMBOLDE JR HIGH SCHOOL
SENECA VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 38 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 62 AND URL PLAYGROUND
PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 23 39 GRIDERL
MOSELLE PLAYGROUND SCHILLER
10 KELLY GARDENS HUMBOLDT PARK
11 SE MATTHEWS SCHOOL 25 QUEEN OF PEACE SCHOOL
26 SCHILLER PARK POOL 40 FIRE STATION NO 33
KENFIELD 27 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO II 41 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 59
42 ST MARY MAGDALENE SCHOOL
12 KENSINGTON HIGH SCHOOL WALDEN BAILEY 43 EAST 111GB SCHOOL
13 KENFIELD HOUSING 44 MUSEUM OF SCIENCE
14 IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY SCHOOL 28 SCHEU PARK 45 HUMBOLDT PARK WADING POOL ICE RINK
15 LANGFIELD HOUSING 29 HOLY NAME OF JESUS SCHOOL 46 POLICE STATION NO 12
16 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 82 30 FIRE STATION NO 13 17 GLENWOOD PLAYGROUND
17 ST GERARDS SCHOOL 31 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO
18 ST LAWRENCE SCHOOL

26
DELAVAN

NORTHAMPTON

BEST WALDEN

EXISTING CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY


ECS EAT ON FAG LITY

PROPOSED TY DE OR COMMUNITY
RECREATION FACILITY

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD DR PLAVOROUNO

PRIVKI OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

NONS ESIDENTIAL
SO SNCIOIIRORHDOO ROUNDARY LINE
COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER
IA

IEA
QHXMMUUIT
RECREATION PLAN

EXISTING NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY


27 PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEI
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOODFACILFTY PHASE II

IIIIIII PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY


TABLE III CONTINUED

CENTRAL CLTO4UNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RACREATION PLAN

PHISE ONE

NEIGHBORHOOD PHASE ADDITIONAL SUGG COMMUNITY POPULATION BY AGE AND SEX


WITH EXISTING ACREAGE ACREAGE REQUIRED QCTIFL SOURCE 1966 CENSUS

WATERFRONT 18 87 WATRRFLONT REDEV UAL


441
8879
48M
AREA

SO
BUSINESS DISTRICT 15 30 CHURCH ST MALL 23
WALKWAY 07 5O
454
AUDITORIUM 00 4044
539
PHASE TWO

PHASE II ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED


NEIGHBORHOOD ACREAGE REQUITED

WATERFRONT WESTCAROLINA

SQ Q8
505 2Q10 10 10 IS ZQ25
BUSINESS DISTRICT 23 LAFA
STMICHAEVEMAIN 15
AUDITORIUM

FACILITIES BY NEIGHBORHOODS

WATERFRONT

SCHOOL 76
JOHNSON PARK
HUTCHINSON TECHNICAL
COLUMBUS HOSPITAL
SCHOOL 73
FIRE DEPT HEADQUARTERS
ST ANTHONYS SCHOOL
PROPOSED COMMUNITY COLLEGU
PROPOSED MARINA

AUDITORIUM

10 MEMORIAL AUDITORIUM
11 NYS LEN DONOVAN BLDG
12 FIRE BOAT STATION

BUSINESS DISTRICT

13 OLD POST OFFICE


14 FIRE STATION
15 CHURCH STREET EXTENSION
16 CENTRAL LIBRARY
17 LAFAYETTE SQUARE
18 BOYS VOCATIONAL 115
19 NEW FEDERAL BUILDING
20 CITY HAIL

21 NIAGARA SQUARE
22 STATE BUILDING
23 FEDERAL BUILDING
24 COUNTY BUILDINGS
25 POLICE HEADQUARTERS

28
LU

44
LU
CFL
LU

04 CD

JW

AM ST

GD
LE ST
ST
ISION ST

ST

SC OT

PARK AVE
RECREATION FACILITY

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD OR PLAYGROUND

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

NONRESIDENTIAL

NEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY LINE


COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER

QXRUTRAL

RECREATION PLAN

EXISTINGNEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASE
29 PROPOSED NEIGHDORHOOO FACILITY PHASEIL
IUUNI PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
TABLE III CONTINUED

ELLICOTR CC4M1JNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

PHASE ONE

NEIGHBORHOOD
IUITH EXISTING ACREAGE
PHASE
ACREAGE
ADDITIONAL
REQUIRED
SU
LOCATION

AWILLERT PARK 46 64 WALNUTWILLIMD 32


WILLERT 32
PK EZP

JOHNSON 20 80 SYCAI 56
AD
BROADWAYGREY 24
COMMUNITY POPULATION BY AGE AND SEX
SOURCE 1966 CENSUS
32 58 35745
MALE
ELLICOTT PARK 120 30 WELCONEHALL I7IE

II
PHASE TWO 55
PHASE II ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED
NEIGHBORHOOD ACREAGE REQUIRED

WILLERT PARK 55 BROADWAYPINE 35


BROADWAYCEDAR 20
ZO 24
JOHNAON 50 SBENSANIDGH 40
JOHNSON PIG HKP 10

ENSUE 45 SPERRY PIG RXP 10


WILLIAMSHERMAN 20
WALKWAYS 15 TO

ELLICOTT PARK 75 SENECATYRTLE

WILLERT PARK LARKIN

24 HAMBURG SR RAMPS
NO 47 25 FIRE STATION NO
BOOTH MEMORIAL HOSPITAL 26 ST PATRICKS SCHOOL
WENDE PIG 27 SMITH ST RAMPS
NO 12
WILLERT PARK
WILLERT PARK
HOUSING EMSLIE
FIRE STATION NO
ST MARYS SCHOOL 28 NO 50

10 STREETS IEPARTMENT DEPOT 29 SACRED HEART SCHOOL


11 POLICE STATION NO 30 NO 75
31 POSTOFFICEA
32 NO 31

ELLICOTT 33 SPERRY PLAYGROUND


34 SR ANN SCHOOL
12 EMERGENCYHOSPITAL
13 NO 32
14 ELLICOTT MALL JOHNSON
15 CLINTON JR HIGH SCHOOL
35 FIT STATION NO 27
16 RECREATION CENTER
17 ETLICORT RECREATION CENTER 36 WESTMLNISTER COMMNNLTYHOUSE
18 NO 37 NO 41

JOHNSON PLAYGROUND
19 ST COLUMBA SCHOOL
20 TALBERT MALL
21 POLICE GARAGE
22 WELCOME HALL PLACE

23 SEWAGE PUMPING STATION

30
III

II

EXISTING CITY WIDE OR COMMUNITY


ECR EATION FACILITY

PROPOSED CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY


RECREATION FACILITY

PRIVATEPLA PLAYGROUND

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

NONRESIDENTIAL

ONEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY LINE


COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER
ETTI
RECREATION PLAN

EXISTINGNEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEI
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEIL
11111111 PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
31
TABLE III COTITINUED

EAST SIDE CCO4UNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

PHASE OKLE

NEIGHBORHOOD
CWITH EXISTING ACRAAE
PHEAS
ACREAGE
MDITIOAAL
GS4RED
SI
LO4
MILLS 17 73 WILSON ST 40
SYCAMOREROTHER 33
PERSON 32 38 BROAD 26
BROADIAYRAON 12
PULLUAN 00 20 PULLUANSCHUTRUM
LOVEJOY 104 COMMUNITY PULATION ACE AND SEX
EROADWAYFIL1MORE 03 97 WO1TZMI3 WATHVAY37 CENSUS
PS 57 10 SOURCE 1966

FLR
PECKHAU PECKHTMMSEND 48825
ONIDA 02 18 RAILROAD
TDINRE 00 07 CAMBRIAGORDON STE

PHASE TWO

NEIGHBORHOOD
PHASE II
ACREAGE
ADDITIONAL
REUNIRED
SU
LO O44
MILLS 45 SYCAUORERATHER
PERSON 35 PERAON 20
15
PULLMAN 10 ARMBR 10 2529

LOVEJOY 49 BENZINGERKIN 34
DAVEY PIG CP 15
BROADWAYFILLMORE 50 LSTHROPDROADIRAY 12 0J4
DETROIT 28
CURTISNEWTON 10
PECKHAM PECKBAWTO 11
ONIEDA 10 PS 40 07 2520W JO JS 2025055
RAILROADOLGA 03
DINGENS 04 CAMBRIA0ORDO EXP

MILLS PERSON

MHA SCHWAB TERRECE 21 AT NICKOLAS SCHOOL 36 LINCOLNP1G


PS NO 24 22 PS NO 40 37 ST JOKMKANTY SOH
ST MARY OF SORROW SCHOOL 23 HOLY APOATLEE PETER PAUL 38 PS NO 44
PS NO 90 39 FIRE STATIO 22
PS NO 58 BABCOCK 40 SI JOACHLN SCH
QUEEN MOAT HOLY ROSARY SCHOOL
ST ADELBERTS SCHOOL 24 CITY GEREGE PULLMAN 41
TRANSFIGURATION SCHOOL 25 BOYS CLISB OF 3UF
26 PS NO 26 AND MULLEN PIG LOVEJOY
BROADWAY FILLMORE 27 POLICE STATION NO
28 ST BEBOOL
ST FELIX WORKING GIRLS HONE 29 COLLINS PLAYGROUND 42 POLICE STA NO 11
10 FRONCZAK BRANCH LIBRARY 43 MORELAND PIG
11 PS NO 57 BAIT 44 DAVEY PIG
12 BROADWAY MARKET 45 FIRE STE NO 28
13 POST OFFICE 30 FIRE STATION NO 35 46 VISITATION SCH
14 POLICE NO 47 PS NO 43
15 FIRE STATION NO 11 EAST INDUSITICI PARK NO 48 ST FRANCIS AGILAI
16 ULINSKI SENIOR CITIZENS CENTE SCHOOL
17 CORPUS CHRISTI SCHOOL 31 PS NO 25 49 ST APE
SCHOOL
32 PRECIOUS BLOOD SCHOOL 50 LOVEJOY 3RA
PECKHAM 33 THRUWAY INDUSTRIAL PARK LIBRARY
51 HENNEPIN PARK
18 ST STANISLAUS SCHOOL EAST INDUSTRIAL PARK NO
19 BISHOP COLTON HS DINGENS
20 POLONIA PLAYGROUND 34 US POET OFFICE OFFICE
35 PENN CENTRAL TERMINAL 52 CITY ZAOLEEACOR
EAST SIDE

32
WIDE OR COMMUNIVY
ACILITY

PROPOSOD CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY


FACILITY

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD DII ELAYOROUND

PRIVATE DR COMMERCIAL MARINA

ONRRSIDCNTIAL

NEIGIIBORIIOOD ROUNDARY LINE


COMMLNITY RECREADON CENTER

EAIIT
QLNMMUUIG
RECREATION PLAN

33 EXISTINE NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY


PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASE
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOODFACILITY PHASEIL
IIIII PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALIWAY
TABLE III

RE
C0147114UED

BUFFALO RIVER NEI PLAWI

PHASE OL
NEIGHBORHOOD PHASE ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED
WITH EXIATING ACREAGE ACREAGE R4IU LOC
PERRY 100
HOPKINS 33
ELK 00
HYDRAULICS 21
SOUTH INDUSTRIAL 00
PHASE TW0

PHASE II ADDITIONAL SUGETED


NEIGHBORHOOD ACREAGE RENUIMD

PERRY 50 HAUBNRGRAPU1GI 20
PS EXP 10
SULLIVAN PK ZP 20
HOPKINS

ELK

HYDRAULICS

SOUTH INDUSTRIAL

CCTH4MUNITY POPULATION AGE AND SEX


SOURCE 1966 CENSUS

I28Z6
NALS

PERRY OTHER
60
CHICAGOPERRY P1G 14 TII BEACH
FIRE STATION 15 LEDDY P1G
CONNODORE PERRY HOUSING 16 SEBO 33 4S
LANIGAN PIG 17 STSTEPHEN SCHOOL
STBERNARD SCHOOL 18 TAYLOR LG
SCHOOL
COIMNODORE PERRY HOUSING
LIBRARY
STVALENTINE SCHOOL UA
10 SULLIVAN PARK
11 SCHOOL 34
12 OUR LADY OF PERPETUAL HELP SCHOOL
13 FATHER CONWAY P1G
LJR

34
I1

XISTINGCITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY
ECREATION FACILITY

JU PROPOSED CITYWIDE
RECREATION FACILITY
OR COMMUNITY

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD OR PLAYGROUND


ITHTF FAIN IAINCR
PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

NONRESIDENTIAL
UUFLUFLTTIJ
NEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY LINE
COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER
RECREATION PLAN

EXISTINGNEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASE
PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEIL
35 ILLILILL PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
TABLE III COWTINUED

BUFFALO CCM4UNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN


SOUTH

PHASE ONE

NEIGHBORHOOD PHASE ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED


WITH EXISTING ACREAGE ACREAGE IEGIAIRED LOCFLTIOFL

HOUGHTON PARK 100 00

SENECA 83 00
COMMUNITY POPUIAI1ON 1W AGE AND SEX
TRIANGLE 105 00
SOURCE 1966 CCNSU

CUNBERLAND 98 00 57OI
UA
CAZENOVIA PK 128 00
27420 G5ET

SOUTH PARK 186 00

SOUTH ABBOTT 118 00 5054

PHASE TWO

PHASE II ADDITIONAL SUGGESTED OZ


NEJABBORHOOD ACREAGE REQUIRED LOCATION 25
Z024
HOUGHTON PARK 50 HEJTANMATEJKO

SENECA 00

TRIANGLE 11 P528
07 MIDLANDSOUTH SIDE
15 25 20 IS 15 20 25
CUNBERLAND

CAZENOVIA BK 00

SOUTH PARK 13 CHOATESOUTH PARK

SOUTH ABBOTT 02 PED WA1K

HOUGHTON PARK RIANGI

PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 69
32 SEWER AUTHORITY PUMPING STATION
PARK 33 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 28
LIOUGHTON
34 ST AGATHA SCHOOL
NEIGHBORHOOD HOUSE
35 HEACOCK PARK
BISHOP RYAN HIGH SCHOOL
ST CASIMIR SCHOOL
36 TAYLOR PARK
SR BERNARD SCHOOL 37 TYLER PARK
38 SOUTH PARK HIGH SCHOOL
39 FIRE STATION NO
SENECA
40
41 BISHOP TIIOOII ANNEX
SOUTHSIDE JR HIGH SCHOOL
42 MULROY PLAYGROUND
MUNGOVANPARK
NO 43 HOLY FANFLLY SCHOOL
FIRE STATION NO 25 POLICE STATION

10 BOLTER PARK
44 POST OFFICE SOUTH PARK STATION

11 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 27

12 1LILLERY PLAYGROUND
13 SR TERESAS SCHOOL SOUFH PARK

45 NEIGHBORHOOD HOUSE NO
CAZENOVIA
46 LIBRARY DUDLEY BRANCH
CAZENOVIA BRANCH 47 POLICE NO 15 FIRE STATION NO 30
14 POST OFFICE
NO 70 48 OKELL PLAYGROUND
15 PUBLIC SCHOOL
16 SENECA INDIAN PARK 49 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 29
50 ST AMBROSE SCHOOL
17 CAZENOVIA BRANCH LIBRARY
SOUTH PARK
18 ST JOHN SCHOOL
19 CAZENOVIA PARK 52 BOTANICAL GARDENS

CUMBERLAND SOUTH ABBOIT

20 ILEACOCK PARK 26 MT MERCY ACADEMY


21 27 BROOKDALE PARK
22 SR THOMAS AQUINAS SCHOOL 20 PUBLIC SCHOOLPLAYGROUNDLNO 67

23 BISHOP TIMON HIGH SCHOOL 29 FIRE STATION NO


24 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 72 30 SHELDON PARK

25 MT MERCY SISTER OF MERCY HOSPITAL 31 ST MARTINS SCHOOL

36
IV INTL IL
FACILITY

FACII
FLYIILID
OR

OR
CIIMMILNIIY

IIAYCROIIND
WA
CLINTON

MUFFATU
NUTH RECREATION PLAN

EXISTING NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY


PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASE
UU PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOODFACILITY PHASEIS
37 ILNNU PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
TABLE IV TOT LOT STAN
THE PROVISION OF TOT LOTS AS PART OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION REQUIREMENTS IS TO BE
CONSIDERED AS AN OPTION AVAILABLE TO NEIGHBORHOOD GROUP OR OTHER SPONSORING AGENCY VHICB
WILL ASSUME SUPERVISION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE FACILITY TOT LOTS ARE TO SERVE AS SUB
STITUTE FOR BACKYARDS IN MEDIUM AND HIGH DENSITY RESIDENTIAL AREAS AND SHOULD SERVE AN
AREA WITHIN 1000 FOOT SERVICE AREA THE SITE FOR THE HIGHEST POPULATION DENSITY AREAS
IS BASED ON FORTY SQUARE FEET PER CHILD UNDER FIVE WHICH IS CALCULATED AS TEN PER CENT OF
THE POPULATION OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD OTHER AREAS ARE CALCULATED FROM THE PLANNING DENSITY
OF NEIGHBORHOODS IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER

CATEGORY SYMBOL PERSONS TOTAL TOT LOT


PER ACRE AREA PRR 1000

6090 2030 HU 2000 SQ FT


90120 3040 HU 3000 SQ FT
OVER 120 OVER HU
40 4000 SQ FT
THE SHOULD BE LOCATED AS
FACILITY PART OF NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION AREA NEAR PEDESTRIAN
WALKWAY OR AN ELEMENT OF
AS RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT RUNICIPAL HOUSING PROJECTS AS WELL
AS OTHER HOUSING DEVELOPMENTS SHOULD INCLUDE THIS TYPE OF FACILITY LAND PERMANENTLY DEDICATED
BY THE CITY FOR SUCH USE WOULD BE CONSIDERED AS PART OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION REQUIREMENT

COIMSUNITIES WITH MEDIUM AND HIGH POPULATION DENSITIES

PLANNING
PERSONS PLANNING DENSITY PERCENT OF NO OF
IN 000S POPULATION PERSONS POPULATION CHILDREN
COUSSUNITY 1966 IN OOOS PER ACRE UNDER YRA UNDER YRS
1966 1966

RIVERSIDE 32 30 54 903 2848


WEST SIDE 55 55 83 943 5173
ELMWOOD 33 35 62 540 1791
MASTEN SO 50 77 11117 5507
EAST DELAVAN 67 70 55 861 5760
CENTRAL 15 163 8907 796
ELLICOTT 34 45 111 1156 3928
EAST SIDE 45 73 837 4086
BUFFALO RIVER 13 10 111 10947 1386

TOTAL CITY 482 500 60 1002 48247


INCL ALL 12

COMMUNITIES

TOT LOT STANDARDS APPLIED TO INDIVIDUAL NEIGHBORHOODS LISTED UNDER CCMMUNITIES SQUARE FOOTAGE
INDICATED WITH THE SUGGESTED NUMBER OF FACILITIES IN PAREWRHESES

RIVERSIDE COMMUNITY
BLACK ROCK 10400 SQ FT UPPER BLACK ROCK 72000 SQ FT
WEST SIDE COMMUNITY
FOREST 12000 SQ FT GRANT PARRY 31000 SQ FT FRONT PARK 37000 SQ FT
LAKEVIEW 45000 SQ FT
EU4WOOD COMMUNITY
BRYANT

KASTEN CC
18600

COLD SPRING
SQ FT

12000 SQ FT
ALLEN 30000

HASTEN PARK
SQ FT

12400 EQ FT FRUIT BELT 27000 SQ FT


HAMLIN PARK 29200 SQ FT KINGSLEY 16000 SQ FT
EAST DELAVAN COMMUNITY
HUMBOLDT PARK 24000 SQ FT MOSOLLE 11000 SQ FT WALDEN DAILEY 17400 SQ FT
CENTRAL COMMUNITY
WATERFRONT 42000 SQ FT BUSINESS DISTRICT 18000 SQ FT
ELLICOTT COMMUNITY
WILLERT PARK 44000 SQ FT E1LICOT PARK 60000 SQ FT 12 JOHNSON 30000 SQ FT
ENSLIE 27000 SQ FT
EAST SIDE COMMUNITY
MILLS 27000 SQ FT BROADWAYFILLMORE 30000 SQ FT PACKBEM 12900 SQ FT
ONEIDA 6000 SQ FT PERSON 21000 SQ FT PULLMAN FT
BUFFALO RIVER COMMUNITY
PERRY 30000 SQ FT
IN ADDITION TOT LOT SERVING POCKET OF MEDIUM OR HIGH DENSITY POPULATION OVER 20 DWELLING
UNITS PER ACRE IN AN OTHERWISE LOW DENSITY NEIGHBORHOOD MAY BE PROVIDED IF REQUESTED BY
DULY SPONSORED GROUP
38
TABLE COMMUNITY RECREATION FACILITIES INDICATES THE DENSITY

CLASSIFICATION OF EACH COMMUNITY EXISTING PLAYFIELD AND PARK ACREAGE

THE PLANNING REQUIREMENTS AND THE ADDITIONAL ACREAGE REQUIRED TO MEET

THE STANDARDS THE COMMUNITY PARK REQUIREMENT IS BASED ON ONEHALF

ACRE PER 1000 PERSONS WHILE THE COMMUNITY PLAYFIELD REQUIREMENT

VARIES FROM 080 ACRES TO 135 ACRES DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY CLASSIFICATION

OF THE COMMUNITY THE GREATER THE POPULATION DENSITY IS IN GIVEN

COMMUNITY THE GREATER WILL BE THE ACREAGE FOR COMMUNITY PLAYFIELDS

THIS ADJUSTMENT IS NECESSARY DUE TO THE OBVIOUSLY GREATER NEED IN MORE

DENSELY POPULATED AREAS ON CITYWIDE BASIS THE COMMUNITY RECREATION

FACILITIES TOTAL APPROXIMATELY 750 ACRES OR ONE AND ONEHALF ACRES PER

1000 PERSONS THREE ELEMENTS FALL INTO THE COMMUNITY RECREATION CATEGORY

COMMUNITY PARK BASED ON AN APPROXIMATE FIGURE OF ONEHALF

ACRE PER THOUSAND PERSONS THIS FACILITY WOULD EMPHASIZE MORE

PASSIVE ACTIVITIES IN GENERAL THE TYPES OF FACILITIES SUGGESTED

ARE LISTED IN PARK AND RECREATION STANDARDS

COMMUNITY PLAYFIELCI BASED ON REQUIREMENT DETERMINED BY

POPULATION DENSITY THIS FACILITY WOULD SERVE PRIMARILY PERSONS

OVER FIFTEEN YEARS OF AGE EMPHASIZING FIELD SPORTS THE

STANDARDS SECTION DESCRIBES SUGGESTED USE IN BOTH THE

FIRST AND SECOND CATEGORY MENTIONED HERE THE LOCAL NEEDS

WOULD HAVE TO BE DETERMINED BEFORE DEVELOPING THE FACILITIES

39
COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTERS UP TO THIS POINT ATTENTION

HAS BEEN PAID TO THE QUANTITATIVE ASPECTS OF THE PROPOSALS

OF LESS SIGNIFICANCE TO AREA REQUIREMENTS BUT MORE

IMPORTANT TO THE QUALITATIVE ASPECTS ARE THE SUGGESTED

COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTERS IN THE STANDARDS

SECTION THIS FACILITY WAS INDICATED AS RECREATION BUILDING

WITH NO INDIVIDUAL AREA REQUIREMENTS

SINCE BUFFALO IS HIGHLY DEVELOPED AND DENSELY POPULATED CITY THE

PROPOSED RECREATION PLAN DOES NOT ATTEMPT TO PROVIDE THE GENERALLY

ACCEPTED NATIONAL STANDARD OF ONE ACRE OF RECREATION LAND FOR EVERY 100

PERSONS IN BUFFALOS CASE THIS WOULD REQUIRE ALMOST ONEQUARTER OF ITS

TOTAL LAND AREA TO BE RESERVED FOR RECREATIONAL USE ACCOMMODATION FOR

ADDITIONAL RECREATION NEEDS IS SUGGESTED TO BE MADE THROUGH COMMUNITY

RECREATION CENTERS

THESE SITES WOULD BE LOCATED NEAR OUTDOOR RECREATION FACILITIES AND

WOULD INCLUDE STRUCTURES TO PROVIDE INDOOR FACILITIES LIKE THE CITY AS

WHOLE THESE SITES WOULD BE INTENSIVELY DEVELOPED THE INDOOR FACILITIES

COULD INCLUDE GYMNASIUM AN AUDITORIUM VARIOUS PLAY AND GAME ROOMS

HANDICRAFT WORKSHOP LOUNGE AND READING ROOM THE NEARBY OPEN

AREA WOULD OFFER THE TYPES OF OUTDOOR RECREATION THAT REQUIRE SMALL LAND

AREAS FOR LARGE NUMBER OF PERSONS

40
THE COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTERS WOULD BE LOCATED THROUGHOUT THE

CITY WITH SERVICE AREA OF ONE MILE OR LESS THEY WOULD BE PROVIDED ON

THE BASIS OF ONE FOR EACH 20000 PERSONS TWENTYFIVE SUCH SITES ARE

SUGGESTED AND ARE INDICATED BY AN ON THE MAPS IN TABLE III AND BY

NUMBER ON THE CITY AND COMMUNITY RECREATION FACILITIES MAP

MANY OF THE SITES CONTAIN STRUCTURES RANGING FROM SHELTER HOUSE TO

FULL RECREATION CENTER SEVEN OF THE LOCATIONS HAVE NO STRUCTURES OF ANY

SORT IN BETWEEN THIS RANGE STRUCTURES OFFER VARYING DEGREES OF FACILITIES

OLDER STRUCTURES MAY BE USED INITIALLY WITH ADDITIONS BUILT WITH AN INTENTION

OF EVENTUALLY REPLACING THE OLD UNIT SOME OF THE OLDER FACILITIES WERE NOT

COMPUTED IN ACREAGE FIGURES SINCE THEIR RETENTION IS QUESTIONABLE IF SUCH

FACILITIES ARE TO BE RETAINED THE ACREAGE INVOLVED SHOULD BE ADDED TO THE

COMMUNITY RESOURCES IF NOT LOCATION IN NEARBY RECREATION AREA WOULD

BE RECOMMENDED WHEN ADDITIONAL LAND IS ACQUIRED FOR THIS PURPOSE THAT

ACREAGE WOULD BE CONSIDERED AS PART OF THE COMMUNITY REQUIREMENT

OF THE COMMUNITY IN WHICH IT IS LOCATED

41
CENT RS HOUSE HIMPROVE OUSEIMPRV CAMPUS IMPROVE
P R O S E D EV LOP IMPROVE IMPROVE IMPROVE
P R O S E D
IMPROVE
IMPROVE EXPANSIO LOUISAN WIL AM EXPANSIR PARK PIG
EXPANSL TO
CREC ATION OMUNITYPRO SED SHELTR UBHOUSE CENTER CENTEREXPANDCENTER CENTER CENTERSHELTRS SHELTRPRO SEDCENTER PRO SED PRO SED HOUSEHOUSEIMPRV HOUSE HFLOMPUROSVEE HOUSE
P R O S E D IMPROVE IMPROVE QUAR Y ISLAND PO LAR ADJ
SO
CASINOMPRVE
OLD
JCONWAY EF RSON NICHGAN POLNIA LAS SQUAWTUFT TAYLOR WALDEN
ACRES PARK LIE
05
CMWJNITY PARK CENTER CENTER CENTERSHELTR OAKWOD PARK SPRING PARK PARK CENTER CENTER CENTER SHELTRFIELD COMUNITY CENTER FIELD PARK
GYM
10 0
STANDR COM UNITY
JI SQTSP WIN
DELAVN4OS
SUGESTD RIVESD LAFYET SHO NE WINSPER OSEVLT EAST DELAWRE JUBILE WESTPO MAC COLD SCHILER HUMBOLDT ARMORY MASCHUET LAKEVIW PEARL JOHNSON LINCOLN HEN PIN JFKLANIGAN NEIGHBOR D C8ZEFLOVIA NEIGHBOR D
ST PER
ACRES LOGO
INCLUDING
FOR
1314 15 161718
LEG ND FILMORE
STADIUM EAST
SIDE
EXPANSIOT
LOCATION DESHLER SEYRAIL OAD FILMORE
10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2021 22 23 2425
TOTAL PER
00 00 66 00 00 00 00
JI
183 42
EF FE
50 5570 50 00
CX
PERSONS SUGESTD
AMITY APENHIMR ARMORY CENTRAL FILMORE HOUGKITON
BOND EAGLE
ACREAGE SUGESTD PLAYFIELD 10 0
08 09 10 1112 13
ED EF 55 BS CREF FE HO
LOCATION SQ
SQ AS AF ER BS HOXPX CX TXTSP PER
ADITONAL REQUIRED FIELD PLA
118 00 150 297 00 285 200 230 00 70 340 93 100 68 14SWM 25 06
CC
ACRES
SC HA SP
PARK 150 225 134 240 150 130 120 100 250 75 00 50 00 150 150CR ACRE ACRE ACRE ACRE ACRE ACRE
ACREAGE
RESIDNTAL RESIDNTAL RESIDNTAL RESIDNTAL RESIDNTAL RESIDNTAL
EC HO HO
FIELD 152 278 82 141 29K 213 150 300 265 200 205 107 82100 110 124 127M 129CR 33
EXISTNG PLA KEY PER PER PER PER PER PER
REQUINTS ACRES
PARK 150 225 200 275 150 250 350 75 225 225 50 300
CLASIFTON PERSONS PERSONSPERSONS PERSONS PERSONS PERSONS
50 59 69 79 89
UNDER
TO TO TO TO
90
OVER
POOL PARK POOL PARK
PARK
FACILTES PLANIG FIELD
IN
PLA
270 360 320 660 300 550 630 205 610 495 135 480 DENSITY
50 60 70 80
CE KENSIGTONLESLE MUNGOVANPOLNIARIVESD SHO NE STHILER SOUTH TAYLOR
IN SCSP
PARK
RECR LEG ND PIG JFK
LOCATION CONWAY PARK CLEV AND
PARK PARK PARK PARK PARK
CNAND C L A S I F T O N BUFALO EAST SIDE DELAV N SIDE
RIVER BUFALO EXISTNG
FATHER CARENOVIA DELAW RE 1ICOT FRONT GROVER HU
CR
EO
HO
CONMDENAIT RIVESD NORTH
TABLE NORTH WEST ELMWO D MASTEN EAST CENTRAL ELIOT EAST BUFALO SOUTH
T2R
1I
IM
R1R2

CA

IVERSI
L4

FL ALA
UQI

14
ID
STSI

MAP EXISTING AND PROPOSED


COMMUNITY AND CITYWIDE RECREATION

COMMUNITY
EXISTING FACILITY
PROPOSEDCOMMUNITY FACILITY

EXISTING CITYWIDE FACILITY


PROPOSED CITYWIDE FACILITY

AREAS
RESIDENTIAL
COMMUNITY NAME
25 COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER
43
TABLE VI PRESENTS THE CITYWIDE RECREATION PLAN THE CITYWIDE

FACILITIES ARE CLOSE TO THE GOAL ESTABLISHED FOR THIS CATEGORY IN TERMS OF

ACREAGE TO COMPLETE THE NEEDS OF THIS CATEGORY NUMBER OF SMALLER

FACILITIES ARE SUGGESTED THESE CONCENTRATE LARGELY ON THE IMPROVEMENT

OF WATER AND RIVER FRONT FACILITIES THE PROPOSALS FALL INTO THE CATEGORY OF

SPECIALIZED FACILITIES

PERHAPS THE MAJOR PROBLEM WHICH MAY ARISE OVER CITY WIDE FACILITIES

WILL NOT BE THE ADDITION OF ACREAGE BUT THE RETENTION OF THE EXISTING ACREAGE

THE DENSELY DEVELOPED CITY HAS LITTLE VACANT LAND AVAILABLE FOR NEW PROJECTS

THE TEMPTATION TO USE PARK LAND FOR EXPRESSWAY ROUTES SCHOOL SITES AND

OTHER PUBLIC OR PRIVATE DEVELOPMENTS CAN BE VERY GREAT WHEN SUCH

PROPOSALS ARISE EACH SHOULD BE EXAMINED CLOSELY AS TO ITS MERITS IF

PARK LAND IS TO BE LOST REPLACEMENT IN TERMS OF ACREAGE SHOULD IMMEDIATELY

BE PROVIDED

ONE SOURCE OF REPLACEMENT ACREAGE FOR CITYWIDE RECREATION FACILITIES

COULD BE FOUND IN CONTINUED EXPANSION OF WATERFRONT FACILITIES INCLUDING FILL

OPERATIONS MATERIAL DREDGED BY THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS FROM BUFFALO

HARBOR COULD ASSIST IN CREATING EXPANDED LAND AREA OR ISLANDS WHICH IN THE

FUTURE COULD BE USED FOR RECREATION

AMONG THE PROPOSALS REQUIRING RELATIVELY SMALL AREAS FOR CITYWIDE

44
TABLE VI CITYWIDE RECREATION FACILITIES

EXISTING FACILITY CITYWIDE ACREAGE


AND TOTAL ACREAGE

ALL HIGH STADIUM 57 57


BENNETT BEACH 527 527 IN TOWN OF EVANS
BRODERICK PARK 34 34
CAZENOVIA PARK 1917 1526
DELAWARE PARK 3676 1935
GROVER CLEVELAND PARK 1120 757
HUMBOLDT PARK 510 80
KLEINHANS MUSIC HALL 42 42
ONTARIO BOAT RAMP DRIVE 36 36
RIVERSIDE HSATHLETIC FIELD 30 30
SOUTH PARK 1623 1413
WAR MEMORIAL AUDITORIUM 48 48
WAR MEMORIAL STADIUM 102 NOT COUNTEDFUTURE USE
AS COMMUNITY RECREATION
TOTAL 6485

PROPOSED FACILITY CITYWIDE SUGGESTED


ACREAGE LOCATION

BUFFALO RIVER STRIP PARK 75 BAILEY TO EAST CITY LINE


BUFFALO RIVER STRIP PARK 20 MAIN TO OHIO STREET
WATERFRONT MARINA 140 WATERFRONT REDEVELOPMENT
NIAGARA RIVER STRIP PARK 70 SCAJAQUADA CR TO RIVERSIDE EK
THEATER EXHIBITION HALL
OTHER EXPANSIONS 140 VARIOUS LOCATIONS
TIMES BEACH 570 SOUTH OF COAST GUARD STATION

TOTAL 1015

EXISTING AND PROPOSED TOTAL 7500 ACRES

45

SE
FACILITIES ARE CIVIC THEATER AND AN EXHIBITION HALL EXISTING FACILITIES

INCLUDING THE ZOO AND KLEINHANS MUSIC HALL SHOULD CONTINUE TO BE IMPROVED

THE QUALITY OF ALL FACILITIES SHOULD UNDERGO CONSTANT IMPROVEMENT IN THIS

CATEGORY PARTICULARLY SINCE ADDITIONAL QUANTITY IS STRESSED LESS THAN IN THE

OTHER CATEGORIES

THE ARRANGEMENT AND LOCATION OF ADDITIONAL CITYWIDE FACILITIES WOULD

PLAY ROLE IN THE OPEN SPACE REQUIREMENTS OF THE CITY SEE PAGE 47 THE

REPLACEMENT OF SOME CITYWIDE FACILITIES CAN BE EXPECTED PRESENTLY THERE

IS DISCUSSION OF THE LOSS OF BENNETT BEACH AND MAJQR PART OF GROVER

CLEVELAND PARK SHOULD SUCH LOSSES OCCUR AS WELL AS ANY OTHER IT WOULD

BE RECOMMENDEDTHAT AREAS BE IMMEDIATELY INDICATED TO SERVE AS REPLACEMENT

WHEN SUCH OCCASIONS ARISE IN THE FUTURE THE OPEN SPACE BUFFER MAP ON

PAGE 48 CAN SERVE AS GUIDE FOR RELOCATION SITES

46
SPECIAL CATEGORY OF RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE

TIFFT FARM RESERVATION

THE TIFFT FARM AREA COMPRISING APPROXIMATELY 250 ACRES WAS ADDED
TO THE RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE PLAN ON FEBRUARY 1972 AS
SPECIAL CATEGORY OF OPEN SPACE IT IS TO BE RESERVED PRIMARILY FOR
THE PRESERVATION OF WILDLIFE IN NATURAL SETTING PREVIOUSLY THE
AREA WAS DESIGNATED AS INDUSTRIAL RESERVE AS AN OPEN SPACE
RESERVATION THE AREA WILL BE CONTRACT TO AN OTHERWISE INDUSTRIALLY
ORIENTED AREA AND PROVIDE RELIEF FROM SURROUNDING HEAVY INDUSTRIAL
DEVELOPMENTS

SE

REVISED COMPONENTS OF RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE PLAN P61


NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITIES GOAL 750 ACRES
COMMUNITY FACILITIES 750 ACRES
CITYWIDE FACILITIES 750 ACRES
TOTAL 2250 ACRES
045 ACRES PER 100 PERSONS
SPECIAL RESERVATION TIFFT FARM 250 ACRES
TOTAL 2500 ACRES
050 ACRES PER 100 PERSONS

46A
THE RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE PLAN ATTEMPTS TO SATISFY BROAD

SCOPE OF NEEDS PASSIVE AREAS FIELDS FOR ACTIVE SPORTS AND CENTERS FOR

INTENSIVE RECREATION USES ARE RECOMMENDED WHILE RECREATION PURPOSES

ARE OBVIOUS OPEN SPACE CONSIDERATIONS ARE MORE OBSCURE IN THIS REPORT

OPEN SPACE IS MEANT TO DESCRIBE LAND OTHER THAN THAT BUILT UPON WHICH

BECOMES STRUCTURAL COMPONENT OF THE CITYSCAPE AS WELL AS SERVING

PARTICULAR FUNCTION IT SHOULD BECOME VITAL PART OF ITS SURROUNDINGS

BESIDES SERVING AS AN INTEGRAL PART OF NEIGHBORHOOD AND COMMUNITY

DESIGN OPEN SPACE CAN AID IN SERVING TO SEPARATE INDUSTRIAL AND RESIDENTIAL

AREAS THROUGHOUT THE CITY OPEN SPACE SHOULD BE TREATED AS MUCH OF AN

ENTITY AS THE STRUCTURES OF THE CITY

FOLLOWING THIS PAGE IS DRAWING ILLUSTRATING THE SEPARATION OF INDUSTRIAL

AND RESIDENTIAL AREAS WITH OPEN SPACE BUFFERS THIS REPRESENTS GOAL

BEYOND THE TIME PERIOD OF THE RECREATION PLAN WHICH WOULD BE TWENTY TO

TWENTYFIVE YEAR PERIOD IT WOULD RELY ON OTHER FACILITIES IN ADDITION TO

PARKS OR RECREATION AREAS THE PRESENTATION IS IN VERY GENERAL TERMS SINCE

THE VERY LONG RANGE TIME REPRESENTS WILL WITH


PERIOD IT BRING IT CHANGES IN

THE URBAN SCENE THAT CANNOT NOW BE PREDICTED WHILE SUCH GOAL WOULD

EXCEED REASONABLE PLANNING PERIOD OF TIME STEPS IN THIS DIRECTION CAN BE

TAKEN IMMEDIATELY

47

SO
OPEN SPACE BUFFER MAP
MAP
AREAS
EXISTING AND PROPOSED RECREATTON
SERVING AS BUFFER AREAS
BUFFER EXPANSION AREAS
EXPRESSWAYS
CITY BOUNDARY
DISTRICT
CBD CENTRAL BUSINESS
INDUSTRY
INTENSE COMMERCIAL OR LIGHT
USES
HEAVY INDUSTRIAL
THE DARK AREAS LOCATED WITHIN THE OPEN SPACE BUFFER INDICATE EXISTING

AND PROPOSED RECREATION FACILITIES AS PRESENTED IN THE RECREATION PLAN

THEY REPRESENT COMBINATION OF NEIGHBORHOOD COMMUNITY AND CITY WIDE

FACILITIES WHICH WOULD ALSO SERVE AS PART OF AN OPEN SPACE BUFFER PUBLIC

USES OTHER THAN RECREATION COULD INCLUDE SCHOOL CAMPUSES SERVICE FACILITIES

THAT ARE LANDSCAPED AND IMPROVED EXPRESSWAY RIGHTSOFWAY IT IS HOPED

THAT EXPRESSWAY ROUTES WILL BECOME MORE COMPATIBLE TO THE OPEN SPACE

REQUIREMENTS OF URBANIZED AREAS PRIVATE USES COULD INCLUDE COMMERCIAL

RECREATION AREAS AND MARINAS AS WELL AS GENERAL COMMERCIAL AND

INDUSTRIAL WHEN THESE ARE LANDSCAPED AND DESIGNED IN MANNER THAT WOULD

SERVE THE PURPOSES OF AN OPEN SPACE BUFFER

WITHIN THE BUFFER WOULD EXIST HEAVY COMMERCIAL AND LIGHT INDUSTRIAL

USES HEAVY INDUSTRY WOULD BE CONCENTRATED IN THE INNER PORTION OF THE

SOUTHWESTERN SECTION OF BUFFALO THIS WOULD BE SURROUNDED BY BELT OF

LIGHT INDUSTRIAL USES BEFORE ENCOUNTERING THE OPEN SPACE BUFFER

SINCE THE FUTURE MAY FIND THE LOSS OF ESTABLISHED PARK AND RECREATION

LAND IT SHOULD WHEN POSSIBLE BECOME POLICY TO REPLACE LOST ACREAGE

IN AN AREA THAT COULD BECOME PART OF SUCH PROTECTIVE BUFFER CITYWIDE

ACREAGE THAT IS LOST COULD BE REPLACED BOTH ALONG THE WATERFRONT AND IN

AREAS TO ASSIST IN CREATING THE BUFFER PROTECTION

49
FINALLY AN ATTEMPT TO IMPROVE RAILROAD RIGHTSOFWAY WOULD HAVE TO

BE UNDERTAKEN WHERE THEY RUN THROUGH RESIDENTIAL AREAS IN ORDER TO CONNECT

INDUSTRIAL AREAS IT IS HOPED THAT BOTH TECHNOLOGY AND CIVIC AWARENESS WILL

PROMPT SUCH AN UNDERTAKING IN THE FUTURE WHERE THERE IS DUPLICATION OF

RAIL LINES ONE LINE SHOULD BE SELECTED FOR USE AND THE OTHERS REMOVED

THE EXISTENCE OF OPEN SPACE BUFFERS CONSISTING OF AN ASSEMBLAGE OF USES

TO SERVE THE PURPOSE WOULD BE MAJOR STEP IN IMPROVING BUFFALOS

ENVIRONMENT

WHILE STRESS IS PLACED ON QUANTITATIVE MEASUREMENTS IN THIS REPORT

IT WILL BE NECESSARY TO RELY ON QUALITATIVE ACTIONS TO ENHANCE THE CITYS

ENVIRONMENT THE PROPOSALS OF THIS PLAN SHOULD ASSIST THE CITY IN

IMPROVING RECREATION OPPORTUNITIES AS WELL AS IN PROVIDING VISUAL RELIEF IN

CONTRAST TO THE DENSELY DEVELOPED CITY THE PRIMARY CONCERN OF THIS REPORT

IS TO ESTABLISH FRAMEWORK FROM WHICH THE QUALITY OF THE SYSTEM OF

RECREATION FACILITIES AND OPEN SPACE MAY DEVELOP TO IMPROVE THE

ENVIRONMENT OF THE CITY

THE TWENTIETH CENTURY CITY IS IN THE PROCESS OF RELIEVING ITSELF

OF THE UTILITARIAN FORM OF THE NINETEENTH CENTURY CITY AND IS STRIVING

TOWARD GOAL OF IMPROVED URBAN DESIGN THROUGH NEW TOOLS AND

TECHNOLOGY SOME YET TO BE INTRODUCED AS WELL AS GROWING CIVIC

INTEREST IT IS HOPED THAT NEW CONNOTATION WILL BE GIVEN TO URBAN

ENVIRONMENT BY THE NEXT CENTURY

50
APPENDICES

COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD PLANNING POPULATIONS 52


NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION INVENTORY 53
ASSIGNMENT OF SPLIT FACILITIES 59
INVENTORY OF EXISTING OPEN SPACE AND RECREATION AREAS
IN BUFFALO PUBLIC AND SEMIPUBLIC 60
CCMMERCIAL RECREATION 62

AGE CONSIDERATIONS YOUTH AND ELDERLY 63


REGIONAL RECREATION FACILITIES 65
STANDARDS FOR OUTDOOR RECREATION FOR THE
PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED 67
PEDESTRIAN WAYS 68
SUGGESTED PRIORITY 71
MODIFICATION OF SITE LOCATIONS 72
COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD NAMES AND
POPULATION DENSITY MAP 73

51
APPENDIX COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD PLANNING POPULATIONS

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52
REC
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 77 188 39 35 16 67 422
AND REQ
PHASE PLAN I G
15 0 101 AT
195 90 105 83 102 676
BUFALO ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE 24 05 19 07 07 51 11 2020 70 0662 02 6707 60 35 05 30 254
NORTH
CC PTS
REC ATION PIG PIG TN
64 54
PK TO ALS
OELAPK3
21 81 88 66 86 22
REQUIRED FACILTY TOTAL PSPS TOTAL PS TOTAL PSPS TOTAL PS SHO NE SHO NE CROCKER TOTAL PS TOTAL PSDELA
COMUNITY
AND
EXISTNG DELAWRE PARK
PARK
MEADOW BUFALO
NEIGHBOR D NORTH NORTH STARIN CENTRAL PARK PARKSIDE NORTH
REQ
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 35 44 29 51 29 188 APENDIX
SCE
REQ
AND
FACILTY
PLANIG 15 0
107 120 92 78 54 451 SPLIT
PHASE AT
ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE 7215 57 7606 70 63 04 17 25 17 2707 17 03 25 08 17 263
RIV MIDSCH MIDSCH
REC ATION 65

PIG
60

PK
79
RAMSDEL P1G
HERTEL 51
SQSQ
HERTEL 42
REQUIRED FACILTY TOTAL PSWIL AMS TOTALPSRIVESD TOTAL PSGAY BAR ET TOTAL PSPORTERMARKET TOTAL PS TO ALS
AND
PK PK ROCK CO
ROCK
EXISTNG NEIGHBOR D RIVESD
BL
RIVESD MILTARY BLACK UP ER RIVESD
RE
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 64 217 140 107 528
AND REQ
PLANIG 15 0
90
233 278 225 826
PHASE AT
SIDE ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE 26 04 22 16 0203 09 02 138 12 1102 05 7716
FLG1O
05 118 07 0404 16 07 80 298
WEST COMUNITY
REC ATION P1G CIRCLE
CIRCLE
PARK
P1G
7TH
CIRCLE PLGPSL PARK
P1G
PK
FACILTY TOTAL PSBRADLEY TOTAL PSPSCOLNIAL FER Y TOTAL PSPSPSPSPROSPECT MAS BUATIMS SYMPHONY
52 19 45 18 38 49 77
TAUNIELO LASLE
36
TOTAL SEV NTH PSPSDAYS TO ALS
REQUIRED
AND
COMUNITY
NEIGHBOR D FOREST GRANTFERY
PARK
EXISTNG SIDE
FRONT LAKEVIW WEST
REC
APENDIX
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 69 147 44 04 264 SEE
AND REQ FACILTY
PLANIG15 0
116 158 185 143 602 SPLIT
PHASE AT
EAST ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE 47 30 09 0303 02 11 06 02 03 141 07 092075 30 139 06 4192 338
NORTH COMUNITY TN
TN TN
REC ATION PKTN P1GPK
REQUIRED
AND

83
FACILTY TOTAL PSGRCLEVRADCLIFE TYLERWINSPA TY1ERFLO RANGELS
63 78
TOTAL PSPS TOTAL
68 80 85
PSPS ROSEVLT GRCLEV TOTAL PSDEI
61
P1G
MANHTCLESR TO ALS
COMUNITY
EAST
EXISTNG NEIGHBOR D UNIVERSTY LAS LE KENSIGTON LEROY NORTH
REQ
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 88 205 117 105 95 610
AND REQ
PLANIG 15 0
90 219 186 120 135 750
PHASE AT
ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE 0202 14 0706 01 6902 52 15 15 01 14 40 40 140
MASTEZI CO ULIR Y TN
REC ATION SCH PIG
REQUIRED
AND
FACILTY TOTAL MASTENORHID 53 74 93 48
TOTAL PSPSPS TOTAL PSMASTEN TOTAL PS TOTAL MASTEN
P1G
WODLAWN KINGSLEY
39
P1G
TO ALS
PARK PARK COMUNITY
NEIGHBOR D SPRING
BELT
EXISTNG COLD HANLIN MASTEN KINGSLEY FRUIT MASTEN
REQ
EXCLUDE APENDIX
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 00
4250
14 114 129 62
319 SEE
AND REQ POP MALROW FACILTY
REMOVED
PLANIG 15 0
64
ON
98
ON
78 SPLIT
135 140 515
PHASE AT
BASED BASED BE
TO
ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE
64 64 84 06 36 42 21 0504 02 10 11 04 07 16 0706 03 196
ELCGIMUNTY TN TRI05
REC ATION PARK PLACE CIRCLE
CIRCLE CIRCLE
CIRCLE PARK CIRCLE
REQUIRED
56 17
FACILTY TOTAL DELAVRE TOTAL PSPARKVAYS OLDIERS TOTAL PSCOLNIAL FER Y GATES TOTAL PSSYMPHONY TOTALARLINGTO SYMPHONY
16
NORTHFAKLIN EL TO ALS
AND
CONMUITY
EXISTNG NEIGHBOR D ATHRIGT LINCOLN CLEV AND BRYANT AL EN EU4WO D
REQ
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 140 53 193
REQ
AND
REMOVED
PLANIG 15 0
158 68 226
BE
PHASEA AT
TO
18 06 12 15 0613 02
ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE 33
CENTRAL COM UNITY
REC ATION 76
PARK
35
SQUARE SQUARE
REQUIRED FACILTY TOTAL PSJOHNSON TOTAL PSNIAGRALFAYET TO ALS
DISTRC
AUDITORMNESL COMUNITY
AND
EXIATNG NEIGHBOR D WATERFONT BUSINES CENTH
REQ
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 90 194 43 100 45 93 42 607 APENDIX
SET
AND REQ
FACILTY
PLANIG 15 0
185 95 180 165 131 93
203 1052
PHASE AT PI T
DFLAV N ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE 95 07 88 09 09 52 20 06 26 8060 18 02 120 68 3814 38 38 51 0843 445
COMUNITY TN
EAST
REC ATION PK
REQUIRED
AND

P1G
HTS
PK PKP1G
PARDECNS
FACILTY TOTAL MOSEL KENA TOTAL PS TOTALLANGWEBR PSSCHILER TOTALHUMBOLDT GLEINUOD TOTAL EURSONAWAK URBAN TOTAL FMERSON TOTAL P5SCHILER
82 71
P1G
P1G PIG
P1G
11

PARK
TO ALS
PARK PARK
DELAV N
EXISTNG NEIGHBOR D MEYER KENFILD LANG HUMBOLDT MOSEL WALDENBIY SCHILER EAST
REQ
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 118
73 30 46 147 65 28 11 518
AND REQ
PLANIG 15 0
135 105 30 150 150 65 30 11 676
PHASE AT
SIDE ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE 17 03 14 32 09 23 00 00
104 09 06 67 22 03 03 00 00 0202 00 00 0303 00 31061411 158
EAST
REC ATION SP
25 90 44
P1G
43
P1G
PKPIG
57
P1GP1G
NOURES NO RES NO RES NO RES COLINS MULIN
40 25 26
REQUIRED FACILTY
AND

TOTAL PSPS TOTAL PSLINCOLN TOTAL TOTAL PSDAVEY HEN PIN KORELAND TOTAL PS TOTAL TOTAL PS TOTAL PS PS
TO ALS
EXISTNG
BEIGHOR D MILS PERSON PULMAN LOVEJOY
REQ
BROADWYFILME PECKHAM OTDECLA DINGENS
PK PK
IND LAD
BAITA BA CO K
COMUNITY
EAST
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 119 130 103 105 457
APENDIX
REQ
AND
REMOVED SEE
PLANIG 15 0
165 150 135 225 675
BE
FACILTY
PHASE AT TO
SPIT
ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE 4612 03 08 23 2003 17 3203 0429 120 03 03104
HAL 10
218
ELICOT COMUNITY
REC ATION PARK
P1G
P1G SP
PIG CENTER
WELCOME
TO ALS
REQUIRED TODHEALY
12 47 41 75 50 32
FACILTY TOTAL PSPSWENDE WIL ERT TOTAL PSJOHNSON TOTAL PSPSSPER Y TOTAL PSPSJFK
AND
PARK PARK COMUNITY
EXISTNG NEIWILERT JOHNSON NSLIE ELICOT ELICOT
REQ
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 50 00 12 07 00 12 02 83
AND REQ
PLANIG15 0
150 83 117 105 128 198 120 901
PHASE AT
100 1288 83 27 54 02 105 23 03 03 452407 98 2507 50 12 04 128 1622S16 74 186 6560 02 30160607 118 11 22 124011 1507 818
BUFALO ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE
SOUTH
REC ATION PKWYCIRCLE CIRCLE
TN PK
PK
PKPIG SPG PK PKP1G PK PIWY PK PKWY CIRCLE PKWYCIRCLE CIRCLE PK
PARK INDIAN P1GPARK P1G
69
SEMINOLE 28 PARK 72 70 29 PARK
BROKDALE
TOTAL TAYLOR PSTYLER MULNOY HEACO KMCKINLEY TOTAL HEACO K PSCAZ MCKINLEY MC EL AN TOTAL PSCAZ SENHIL ERY TOTAL OKEL SOUTH PSMUIROY MCKINLEY MCKINLEY MC EL AN TOTAL PS SHELDON CAZMCKINLEY MCKINLEY MEC L AN
67
REQUIRED FACILTY TOTAL PSHOUGHTON TOTALBUTLER HINERY MINERAL
AND
TO ALS
PARK PARK
EXISTNG PARK AB OT BUFALO
NEIGHBOR D HOUGHTON SEN CA TRIANGLE CUMBENLAD CAZENOVIA SOUTH SOUTH SOUTH
REQ COWS
TOALED ADITONAL ACREAGE 50 BFLO
SOUTH
50
APENDIX
SEE
AND REQ
ABNDOE TO
FACILUV
PLANIG 15 0
150 150
PHASE AT
BE
TO TRANSFER SPLIT
100 020120 1132 35 3333 00 272601 00 100
RIVER ACREAGE EXISTNG ACREAGE
BUFALO CT4MUNITY
PIG
REC ATION PIG PK
P1G
P1G P1G 33 TO ALS
REQUIRED FACILTY
34
CHIAGOPERYCONWAY
TOTAL PSPS SULIVAN LANIGAN FR TAYLOR NO RES NO RES NO RELSED Y NO RES PS
CR4MUNITY
AND
RIVER
HYDRAULICS INDUSTRIAL
EXISTNG HOPKINS
NEIGHBOR D PERY WEST ELK BUFALO
ASSIGN MENP 01 SPI A1 01

FACILITY NEIGHBORHOOD CITYWIDE OTHER USES


TOTAL ACRES ACRES ACRES ACRES

CAZENOVIA PK ABBOTT 40 BFLOP 150 1526


I917 CUMBERLD 50 BFLOFLFD127
CAS PK 22
DELALJARE PK PARK MEADOW 60 ELMWOOD TS0 1935 XPWYB
3676 PARKSIDE 30 EIU PLID300
ALBRIGHT 64 NBFLOPK 225 0WFE LO
FT

MASTAN PLC 130


4ASTEN PLTD265
WSIDE PLFD150
GROVER CLEVIND UNIVERSITY3O NEAST PK L34 757 NYS DOT 28 JU
1120 KENSINGTON30 NRAST PLID141
UK HOUGRATON 88 ESIDE PK 50 US
362 RSJDE PHD 100 UF
BIB PLFD124
HUMBOLDT PK HUMBOLDT 60 EDELAVAFL PK 250 80 00U US US
510 MASTEN PK 120 W0V
JFI EHHICOTT EHLICOTT 104 EHHICOTT PLC 107 FL

211
LASALLE PARK LAKEVI 80 PIGD 213 CORN COLLEGE UU UU00
US
773 CENTRAL PLC 75 200 OJSVH
CENTRAL PIFD 205
RIVSRSIDE PARK RIV PK S70 RIVERSIDE PK 150 AA WA
CI
U4
SU
UD
IU0
372
SCHILLER PARK SCHILLER PK 43
RIVERSIDE
ETELAVAO
PTFD 152
PK 100
UU0
FT
HS0
0A
369 LANG 26 EDELAVAN PHD 200 000 U0 0U0
SBOSHONE STARIN 20 NBFLO PHD 82
164 CENTRAL PARK 62 UA
U0UO
FR CONWAY PERRY 35 BFLORIVCR PUD 110 CU 35AASI
145 000 0O US0A
UO
UO LROJJUS
WHERTEL MID
SCH34
HASTEN PIG
MILITARY
UPPER BI
17
ROCK17
1LASTEN PARK 52
005
SS US
WSF
UO
UAA
S0
CJZ
U0
92 BELT 40

UC
FRUIT OFT
H0 55 UTJOUS
EMERSON PIG MOSEHLE 68 UU 0FT
106 WALDENBAILEY38 U05 FTC
4U1ROY P1G TRIANGLE 45 UJ
75 PARK 30 UHOSU
COLONIAL CIR CLEVELAND 04 IJTR 0O U0U MU
U0 0I
50 UH0
SUCS
US
55 GRANTFERRY 09 U0
FERRY CIRCLE CLEVELAND 02 RIGHTA FAAY
16
GATES CIRCLE
GRANTFERRY 02
CLEVELAND 10 RIGHTOFWAY
UFT
TU U0
00 UI
UD UU
47 IOU US SO UU0
LCCLELLAN CIR CUMBERLAND 04 RIGHTOFWAY UO UUU0
45 SOUTH ABBOTT 07 RNS
SOUTH PARK 07
07
MCKINLEY
45
SYMPHONY CIR
45
CIR SOUTH ABBOTT
SOUTH PARK 06
ALLEN
BRYANT
06
07
FRONT PARK 05
RI
RIGHTOFWAY

LAFAYETTE SQ BUSINESS NIAT02 RIGHTOFWAY


LO
MARKET SQ BLACK ROCK 03 RIGHTOFWEY
03
SOLDIERS
SQ
P188
BUSIFLESS
LINCOLN
DIST
42
13 RIGHTOFWAY
RIGKATOFWAY
BIDWELL CHAPIN LINCOLN 36 RIGHTOFWAY
LINCOLN PKWY
144
LCKINLEY PKWY CUMBERLAND 12 RIGHTOFWAYI
282 ABBOTT
PARK 16
TRIANGLE

59
APPENDIX INVENTORY OF EXISTING OPEN SPACE AND RECREATION
AREAS IN BUFFALO PUBLIC AND SEMIPUBLIC

CITY OF BUFFALO

PARKS DEPARTMENT
LAND UNDER JURISDICTION OF THE ACREAGE SERVING AS
PARKS DEPARTMENT WITH ACREAGE OPEN SPACE OR FOR
RECREATION

10 MAJOR PARKS 109782 10612


15 SMALL PARKS 3749 387
41 PLAYGROUNDS 18506 1717
MISCELLANEOUS 7931 1071
CIRCLES 3752 128
SQUARES 901 32
PARKWAYS 8362 96
53 TRIANGLES 424 22
32 CENTERSTRIPS 833 00
SUBTOTAL 154250 14065

SCHOOL DEPARTMENT

SCHOOL PLAYGROUNDS NEIGHBORHOOD 465


ATHLETIC FIELDS CITYWIDE 96
EXISTING PIG TO BE LOST 21
SUBTOTAL 582

CITY OF BUFFALO TOTAL 14647

SEMIPUBIC NOT COUNTED IN RECREATION PLAN

DIOCESE OF BUFFALO SCHOOLS

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PLAYGROUNDS 281


HIGH SCHOOL PLAYFIELDS 225
AFFILIATED SCHOOLS PLAYGROUNDS 61
SUBTOTAL 567

PRIVATE SCHOOLS PLAYGROUNDS 111


COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITY ATHLETIC
FTELDS 248
NIAGARA FRONTIER PORT AUTHORITY NETA
SMALL BOAT HARBOR 656
SEMIPUI TOTAL

PUBLIC AND SEMIPUBLIC TOTAL

SEE APPENDIX FOR EXPLAI


60
APPENDIX CONTINUED

STATISTICAL SUMMARY OF THE RECREATION PLAN

COMPONENTS OF PLAN ACRES PERCENT OF TOTAL

NEIGHBORHOOD GOAL 750 ACRES


EXISTING NEIGHBORHOOD ACREAGE 3274 44
EXISTING PLAYGROUND ACREAGE 2182A
PHASE ADDITIONAL ACREAGE 2075 27
PHASE II ADDITIONAL ACREAGE 2162 297
TOTAL 7511

COMMUNITY GOAL 750 ACRES


EXISTING COMMUNITY ACREAGE 4751 637
PLAYFIELDS 2827A 56
PARKS 1924A 787
ADDITIONAL REQUIRED ACREAGE 2739 37
PLAYFIELDS 2188A 4470

PARKS 55LA 22
TOTAL 7490
PLAYFIELDS 5015A
PARKS 2475A

CITYWIDE GOAL 750 ACRES


EXISTING CITYWIDE ACREAGE 6485 86
ADDITIONAL REQUIRED ACREAGE 1015 14
TOTAL 7500

PLAN TOTALS GOAL 2250 ACRES

EXISTING RECREATION OPEN SPACE ACREAGE 14510 65


MCI 137 ACRES TO BE LOST 14647
ADDITIONAL REQUIRED ACREAGE 7991 35
TOTAL 22501

NOTE EXACT FIGURES DO NOT OCCUR DUE TO THE ROUNDING OF POPULATION


TO HUNDREDS AND ACREAGE TO TENTHS OF AN ACRE

61
012
APPENDIX COMMERCIAL RECREATION

RECREATION FACILITIES
MUST BE PAID ARE LISTED
WHICH ARE IN NATURE AND SEMIPUBLIC
THE CATEGORY OF ENTERTAINMENT
ACTIVITIES FOR WHICH
LOUNGE INCLUDES BOTH FACILITIES
CON
FEE
WHERE
ADMISSION IS CHARGED FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES AND COCKTAIL LOUNGES WHERE LIVE ENTERTAINMENT IS
OFFERED REGULARLY MOTION PICTURE AND LIVE THEATER INDICATES FACILITY THAT IS EQUIPPED FOR
AND OFFERS BOTH THESE TYPES OF ENTERTAINMENT LIVE PRODUCTIONS INDICATES LIVE MUSICAL AND
THEATRICAL PROGRAMS

MAP

RECREATION

RILLIARD PARLOR
ROWLING ALLEYS
ROLLER SKATING RINK
INDOOR TENNIS

DANCE HALL
ENTERTAINMENT LOUNGE THEATER
MMOTION PICTURE
THOTION PICTURE LIVE THEATER
LIVE PRODUCTIONS

NUMBER OF BARS AND TAVERNS


IS INDICATED AFTER COMMUNITY
NAME IN PARENTHESIS IS THAT
NUMBER PER 1000 PERSONS
ARIVERSIDE 54169
BNORTH 19043
BUFFALO
CNORTH EAST 18045
DWEST SIDE 28051
EELMWOOD 12036 AZ
MASTEN 38076
GEAST DELAVAN 55082
ILCENTRAL 42466 BASED ON DAYTIME
IFLLICOTT 55162 POPULATION 38
IEAST SIDE 88180
KBUFFALO RIVER 19146
LSOUTHLLUFFALO 28049
CITY TOTAL 456 95

PERSONAL RECREATIOL4 EXPENDITUIIES USA


IFL MIIFIG IIMT

LANK ME IS IS IS

TEL 31147 34B7S 32 5173 FL SI


NIKAIC P44
MW 65
1493 159
57 154

2193 LA
933 1074

EO
NLILLHSHSLI W5I7IWC 3934 154 3417 315 3617

SI ILS 1I 7413 256


I3ADSELDE9
HID 34 P31154
3421
093
35 SIB
3401 3493 3031
10417 431 374 1930
IWFL 534434 PAIL 452 544 NI TOIL

3144341 1111 151 161 0274 1541


0393 1724 933 313 04
557FLL937 34 L54
5115 54530 1543410 III 143 363 684 393
237 293 387 931
34 233 55 08
P115 14 544 1041 1141 030
HMCS
5654
71144 093
III
OIL
55
510 45 734

1414 1993 1941

9417
SESEOSESE
4TL3 RPJ
PIDO
4117411

OLD
51471 DISTIL 14934
PUTS
441535 100791

04714971
574

MU
P1415T6

459543445
A447

97149F445314ST 143149 54W3 PT 35 41134


3494SS 13414 0916
P135 45 4031 115A
9913 L10MS9I9T PP 1531561341
754040545954434541957
LALIL P17 CP6
62
AND ELDERLY
APIENTMX AGE CONSTDERAT YOUTH
RECREATION PROGRA
YOUTH AND ELDERLY
TO
ARE IHEU THEY ARE OPEN
SHA
SEMIPUBLIC FACILITISS BOARD ATE INDICATED
INDICATED OF THE YOUTH
ARE PRIMFLTILY ACTIVITIES AS PSRT OF
PUBLIC PROGRAT ASPECTS OF THE ELDERLY
THE RECREATION THE YOLFLLG AND THE
X1LY FOR 43
THE GENERAL PUBLIC
OQILD BE DESIRABLE
TO INCORPORATE
RECTC5TI PROGTAM
OF COUMFLFLITY
RECREATION CEX
SEE PAGES
40 TO

SYSTAN
THE FUNCTIOI OF THE PROPOAED

NR

JO
COMMUNITI ES
RWERS
BUFFALO

NORTH EAST
WESTSIDE

MASTEN
EAST FLELAVAN
CENTRAL
ELLICOTT
EASTS
BUFFALO RIVET
SOUTH BUFFALO

CITY OF BUFFALO

PROPOSED ELDERLY 47
SPONSOR
IVISIOFL OF RECREATI
YOIITH BOARD
SEKIPIJBLIC

ELDERLY
YOUTH
SPOILSOL
BOYS CLUB OF BUFFALO
HOUSE
YOUTH BOATD COFFEE
IN PRIVATE FACILITY
JE
NEIG CENTER OF BUFFALO
HOUSE ASS
ATHLETIC LEAGUE
POLICE
SALVSTI ARMY
WE5TMIFLI5L OUSC
RESIDENTIAL AREAS
MYWCA PACILITY
PRIVATE
YOUTH BD IN

63
APPENDIXFCONTINUED

AGE GROUP PROFILES IN BUFFALO 19601966

01

AIEW
3V URN ARIAS

LA

96

04

IT

6D

MM
WWIZ UT1
HEAVY
IWSFLLAL
OTY I6ANU
AREAS
APPENDIX REGIONAL RLCIUA FACILITIES

AS TBE DEVELOPMENT OF METROPOLITAN BUFFALO ERIE AND NIAGARA


COUNTIES CONTINUES CONSIDERATION MUST BE GIVEN NOT ONLY TO
PRESENTLY NEEDED RECREATION FACILITIES BUT ALSO TO FUTURE
REQUIREMENTS BY RESERVING OPEN SPACE IN AREAS BEFORE DEVELOP
MENT TAKES PLACE THE RESERVATION OF LAND FOR OPEN SPACE AND AS
RESOURCE FOR FUTURE PARKS SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN

THE MASTER PLAN OF ERIE COUNTY PROPOSES THAT 16000 ACRES OF FLOOD
PLAIN LAND WHICH IS UNSUITED FOR DEVELOPNENT SHOULD BE PRESERVED
AS OPEN APACE AREAS BY RESTRICTING DEVELOPMENT IN THESE AREAS
FUTURE EXPENSES TO SOLVE DRAINAGE PROBLEMS WOULD BE REDUCED AT
THE SAME TIME THE STRIP PARKS OF FLOOD PLAIN LAND WOULD SERVE AS
RELIEF FROM URBAN CONGESTION IN MANY CASES THE STRIP PARKS
WOULD CONNECT LARGE PARKS

ERIE COUNTY PARKS PRESENTLY CONTAIN 7318 ACRES THERE ARE 3000
ACRES OF FOREST PRESERVES NOW UNDER COUNTY JURISDICTION LONG
RANGE GOALS SEEK THE DEVELOPMENT OF 36300 ACRES BY 1980 AND DOUBLE
THAT BY THE YEAR 2000 PRESENTLY ERIE COUNTY HAS ABOUT 13455 ACRES
INCLUDING STATE FACILITIES OF PARKS FOREST PRESERVES AND RECREATION
AREAS THE GOAL FOR 1980 CALLS FOR AN ADDITIONAL 19000 ACRES
INCLUDING 16000 ACRES OF FLOOD PLAIN LAND ALSO PROPOSED IS
COUNTY GREENBELT BOUNDARY CONTROLLED BY ZONING AND PROGRAM OF
ACQUISITION THIS WOULD CREATE LARGE AREA NOT REQUIRING COSTLY
WATER AND SEWER SERVICES FOURTEEN COUNTY PARKS EXIST ARE BEING
ENLARGED OR ARE PLANNED

NIAGARA COUNTY PRESENTLY HAS APPROXIMATELY 5000 ACRES OF PARKS AND


OPEN SPACE INCLUDING NE
YORK STATE FACILITIES IT HAS PROPOSALS
FOR AN ADDITIONAL 728 ACRES THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
HAS INDICATED SUGGESTED PARKWAY FOLLOWING THE LAKE ONTARIO SHORE
LINE

IN THE TWO COUNTY AREA NEW YORK STATE PRESENTLY HAS 5168 ACRES OF
PARKIAND AND 2413 ACRES OF FOREST PRESERVES AND GAME MANAGEMENT
AREA AN ESTIMATED 875 ACRES ARE INDICATED HERE AS ADDITIONAL
STATE FACILITIES THAT MAY BE ANTICIPATED IN THE AREA

IN TOTAL THE TWO COUNTIES


AND STATE PARK FACILITIES PRESENTLY CONSTITUTE
13059 ACRES
PROPOSALS WOULD INCREASE THAT TO APPROXIMATELY 16700
OF PARK LAND OTHER OPEN SPACE FACILITIES NOW CONSTITUTE 5413 ACRES
WITH PROPOSALS INCREASING THAT FIGURE GREATLY TO APPROXIMATELY 56600
ACRES MAJOR EMPHASIS HAS BEEN PLACED ON THE PROVISION OF OPEN
SPACE WHICH WILL BOTH SERVE THE OPEN SPACE NEEDS OF AN URBANIZED
POPULATION AND PROVIDES RESOURCE FOR THE PROVISION OF FUTURE PARKS
AS THE POPULATION DEMANDS

THIS SUMMARY OF REGIONAL FACILITIES IS BY NATURE QUANTITATIVE STUDY


THE QUALITATIVE ASPECT OF THE PARKS AND OPEN SPACE PROVIDED RESTS
WITH THE COUNTY OR STATE AGENCIES WHICH DEVELOP THEM

EXISTING OR UNDER DEVELOPMENT TOTALS ACREAGE

ERIE COUNTY PARKS 7318


ERIE CO FOREST PRESERVES 3000
NIAGARA COUNTY PARKS 573
NEW YORK STATE PARKS 5168
NYS FOREST PRESERVES 413
NYS CAME MANAGEMENT AREA 2000
18472

PROPOSED ACREAGE

FLOOD PLAIN PARKS 16000


CREENBELT LONG RANGE 35000
PARKS PROPOSED ON MAP 1353
RECREATION PARKWAY OPEN SPACE 250
PARKA LOCATIONS INDEFINITE
54903

TOTAL PARKS AND OPEN SPACE ACREAGE

PARKS EXISTING 13059 16112


OTHER OPEN SPACE EXISTING 5413
73357

65
PLANIG
OF
MAP
DIVSON
BUFALO
METROPLIAN
SPACE
20
16
OPEN AREA
AREA CITY HARBOR
FRESVATION ACILTES
AND
PARKS
UURBANIZED RBANIZED RES VATION
PARKWAY
IDENTFCAO DEVLOPMNTFACILTES
BOAT
PARKS PRESRVE BEACH SMAL PARK PARK
IDENTFCAO
PARK PARK PLAIN SPACE
PRES NT 19 0 INDIAN WILD FE COUNTY STATE FOREST BEN ET NFPA UNDER PRO SED XPANDE FLO D OPEN SUGESTD
REGIONAL EXISTNG PRO SED
68
394 277 534 204 783 490 984
ACREAGE
77
1453 717 464 650 733 135 1081 165 910 1286 288 238 260 372 375 26 95
STATE STATE STATE STATE STATE STATE STATE STATE
C O U N T Y C O U N T Y C O U N T Y C O U N T Y ACREAGE SOO 100 25
547 156 25
250
160 0 350 0
JURISDCTON COUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTY COUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTY COUNTY COUNTYCOUNTY
YORK YORK YORK
ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE NEW ERIE NEW ERIE ERIE NEW
YORK YORK YORKYORK YORK
NEW NEW NEW NEW NEW NIAG RA NIAG RA NIAG RA NIAG RA ESTIMAED
SPACE
DEVLOPMNT CRE K
CRE K
MILE PARKS
COURSE RPARKS ANGE LAKE OPEN
LSTRIP ONG BONDS
EXP
UNDER CRE K GOLF RAVINE PARKWAY
CRE KFAL S MEADOWS CRE K BRO K RIDGE FOREST MILE WO DS POINT ISLAND VIEW CRE K 14 RIVER NIAG RA HIL COWEST
OR
EXISTNG
IDENTFCAO
MAP 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

MLLE
BE MAN AKRON COMA ELM HUNTERS EMERY SPRAGUE CHESTNU BOSTON EIGHTE N LARKIN EVANGOLA STURGEON BEAVER LALE ELICOT BUCKHORN 896 NIAG RA FORT FOUR KRUL GOLDEN IAG RA CANAL
18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26
WILEONTUSCAR OPENHI PRO SED IDENTFCAO
MAP

PLAIN BELT VAL EY CRE K EAST


18
MILE
ESCARPMENTROYALTON SUGESTD
FLO D GRE N ZOAR MARINA CANAL
APPENDIX STANDARFLS FOR OUTDOORRECREATION FOR
THE PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED
EXREMIED REACH
STANDARDS ARE PROVIDED MORE DETAIL IN OUTDOORRECREATION FOR
IN
THE PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED 1967 STATE OF NEWYORK DEPARTMENT
OF CONSERVATION STATE COUNCIL OF PARKS AND OUTDOORRECREATION THE
COUNCIL REGARDS SUCH STANDARDS AS MANDATE FOR ALL FUTURE CONSTRUCTION
SEEKING STATE OR FEDERAL ASSISTANCE THE SYMBOL INDICATES FACILITIES
NORMAL REACH
MADE ACCESSIBLE FOR HANDICAPPED PERSONS THIS DOES NOT PRECLUDE THE
USE OF THE FACILITIES BY OTHERS

DESIRABLE GOAL FOR THE CITY OF BUFFALO WOULD BE TO PROVIDE FACILITIES


TO ACCOMMODATE AT ONE TIME LT OF THE HANDICAPP PERSONS IN THE
DESIRABLE
WOULD HE APPROXIMATELY 240 HEIGHT
THIS PERSONS OF CONTROL

EAS TEA

STRUCTURE
DIMENSIONS
SIZE
OR DESIGN
CONSIDERATION
RAILIN 28 HIGH
FACILITY IIITH MID RAI1
ACCESS
PARKING RARKING LOT PORTION NE APACE PLUS 057 FT BETWEEN PARKING SPACES 30 IN OPENINGS IN
RESERVED NONSLIP TOT
PARKING AREA AVOID WHEELCHAIR TRAFFIC RAILINGS
PAVEMENT BEHIND AUTOMOBILES
TURNAROUND PAVED DRIVE TO LOADING 75 FT WIN RADIUS WAITING AREA ADJACENT FOR
POINTS NONSLIP PAVE OR AUTO TURNING DISABLED TO EZIT ENTER AUTOS
MENT IDTHOUT BLOCKING TRAFFIC
PATHS WALK NONSHIP PAVEMENT IN 48 WIDE OR TO EXPANSION JOINTS MINIMIZED RAILINGS IN AREAS
WITH CONTRASTING OS FOR 2WAY TRAFFIC CROSS WALKS SHOULD BE AT GRADE OF DANGER
MATERIAL AT EDGE

RAMPS PATH OR BRIDGE STRUCTURE BETWEEN RAILS OR GRADE 57 PREFERRED MAXIMUM 32 HIGH OFFSET
NONSLIP MATERIAL FOR 2WAY TRAFFIC OF 8337 L12 LEVEL REST FROM WALLAT LEAST
CURBS WIDE AREAS AT 30 FT INTERVALS BYOAID GRADE

DOORS CONCESSION
STANDS TELEPHONES EE DIAGRAM DESIGNED WITH DISABLED AND
WHEELCHAIR REACH CONIIDERED
LAVATORIES DRINKING
FOUNTAINS

ACTIVITIES
PARTIAL LIST RECESSED AREA AT SHALLOW ECESSED AREA APPROX AREA SET ASIDE NEXT TO POOI SLOPING HANDRAIL
SWISMAING POOL
END OF POOL SITTING 12 FROM AIDE FOR STORAGE OF EQUIPMENT ALONG STEPS
STEPS 575
HIGLAL2S INTO SHALLOW END
WIDE
SPECTATOR AREAS SHELTERED BENCHES ON LOCATED CLOSE TO SPORT FIELD RAILS TO ASSIST
FIRM OR PAVED SURFACE WITHOUT VISUAL OBSTRUCTION SEATING ON BENCHES
PICNICKING TABLE AND RAISED FIRE WITHIN 300 FT OF COMFORT
AREAS PLACE ON FIRM SURFACE STATION AND DRINKING FOUNTAIN
BOATING AREAS DOCKS OR PIERS SAFETY RAILING IN ALL
RAILS RAMPS OR GANG AREAS OF DANGER
PLANKS RAILS BATTETS
NONSLIPMATERIAL
FISHING AREAS PAVED AREA NONSLIP ACCESS PATHS SHOULD BE PROTECTIVE RAILING
PROVIDED WITH TURNAROUND RM ALON BANKS
SCENIC PATHS ALTERATION OF EXISTING TO 10 FEET WIDE LEVEL REST AREAS AT AREAS OF RAI1II IN AREAS

PATHS EXERTION SPACED 30 FT ON OF DANGER


LONG SLOPES
GOLF PUTTING AS REQUIRED ON FIRM BUILT WI HANDICAPPED
TETHERBALL SURFACE LIMITATIONS IN MIND
BASKETBALL HOOPS
GAME TABLES

67
PF AYS

IN BUFFALO THE POPULATION DENSITY IS RELATIVELY HIGH AUTOMOBILE


TRAFFIC DOMINATES THE STREET CONSIDERATION IN PROVIDING RECREA
TION FACILITIES IS ACCESS TO THE AREA ESPECIALLY BY CHILDREN

TO PROVIDE ROUTES
MOVANENT TAKING
DES
THE PEDESTRIAN WAYS SUGGESTED IN THIS REPORT REPRESENT

SECONDARY
PRIMARILY
ROLE
AN ATTEMPT
AS WALKWAYS WITH AUTOMOBILE

THE SIMPLEST WALKWAY WOULD CONSIST OF NO MORE THAN STREET OF LOW


AUTOMOBILE VOIWUE WITH STOP SIGNS AT ALL INTERSECTIONS STREET
LIGHTING AND TREE PLANTING COULD BE EMPHASIZED ON THESE STREETS
FUTURE ELABORATION COULD INVOLVE UPON REPAVING OF THE STREET
NARROWING OF THE AUTOMOBILE PORTION AND THE WIDENING OF ONE SIDE
OF THE SIDEWALK AREA TO FURTHER IMPROVE THE PEDESTRIAN WAY WHEN
POSSIBLE SECOND SIDEWALK ON THAT SIDE COULD BE PROVIDED AND
RESERVED FOR BICYCLE RIDERS WHERE CLOSENESS TO THE STREET PAVE
MENT CANNOT BE AVOIDED RAILING TO KEEP AUTOMOBILES FROM INTRUDING
INTO THE PEDESTRIAN AREA WOULD BE ADVISABLE MAINTENANCE ALONG THE
ROUTE OF SUCH PEDESTRIAN WAYS WOULD BE ASSISTED BY ADJACENT PROPERTY
OWNERS JUST AS THEY ARE NOW EXPECTED TO MAINTAIN GRASS AREAS OF
CITY STREET RIGHTSOFWAY MAINTENANCE WOULD ALSO BE PROVIDED BY
THE VARIOUS DEPARTMENTS OF CITY GOVERNMENT

WHERE LARGE INSTITUTIONS ARE LOCATED IN DESIRABLE PATH COOPERATION


WOULD HE SOUGHT TO ENABLE THE PEDESTRIAN WAY TO PASS THROUGH THEIR
PROPERTY AS CIVIC VENTURE THIS WOULD FURTHER SEPARATE PEDESTRIANS
FROM AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC

WHEN NEW ARTERIALS OR EXPRESSWAYS ARE BUILT THE PROVISION OF


PEDESTRIAN WAYS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED EARLY IN THE PLANNING STAGES

ACQUISITION OF LAND TO WIDEN SUCH WALKWAYS OR PROVIDE ENTIRELY NEW


RIGHTSOFWAY WOULD BE CONSIDERED AS PART OF PARTICULAR NEIGHBOR
HOODS RECREATIONAL ACREAGE ASSIGNMENT

THE
STREET
COMPLETE

PEDESTRIAN
PROHIBITION OF AUTOMOBILE
WHERE FEASIBLE
FACILITY
WOULD CONSTITUTE
AN ILLUSTRATION
TRAFFIC

OF THIS
NA
FROM AM EXISTING
EMPHASIS
TYPE OF FACILITY
OF
IS
ON THE FOLLOWING PAGE

THE PROPOSED SUBDIVISION ORDINANCE OF THE CITY ENABLES THE PLANNING


OF SUCH WALKS OR CROSSWALKS THROUGH AN AREA WHICH WOULD FALL
UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THAT ORDINANCE THE CROSSWALK IS
DEFINED AS STRIP OF LAND DEDICATED FOR PUBLIC USE WHICH IS
RESERVED ACROSS BLOCK FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROVIDING PEDESTRIAN
ACCESS TO ADJACENT AREAS

BESIDES PROVIDING SAFER MOVEMENT FOR CHILDREN SUCH PEDESTRIAN


WALKWAYS WOULD ASSIST IN PHYSICALLY TYING VARIOUS COASNUNITY
FACILITIES TOGETHER HOUSEWIVES MAY WELL USE SUCH WALK FOR
SHOPPING PURPOSES BESIDES CITY POLICING OF THE WALK AREAS IT
WOULD BE HOPED THAT CIVICNINDED PERSONS ALSO WOULD USE THE WALK
AREA TO CONCENTRATE CASUAL SUPERVISION ON THE AREAS THIS PHYSICAL
ELEMENT WOULD SERVE AS NEIGHBORHOOD SOCIAL FOCAL POINT WHICH
COULD ASSIST IN FOSTERING GREATER SENSE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT
THE OPEN SPACE PROVIDED BY PEDESTRIAN WAYS NOT PARALLEL TO STREETS
WOULD ALSO BECOME AN ELEMENT OF RELIEF IN THE CITYSCAPE

IN OLD NEIGHBORHOODS CITY INTEREST IN PROVIDING AND PREPARING


SUCH PEDESTRIAN WAYS COULD ALSO SERVE AS CATALYST TO IMPROVE
PRIVATE PROPERTY IN NEIGHBORHOOD AND TO DISPEL THE NOTION THAT
THE CITYS HOUSING RESOURCES ARE ON PREDESTINED DOWNHILL COURSE

WHILE THE SAFE MOVEMENT OF PEDESTRIANS ESPECIALLY CHILDREN THE


NEIGHBORHOOD PEDESTRIAN WALK COULD ASSIST IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF
SENSE OF COMMUNITY AS WELL AS STIMULATING THE REHABILITATION OF
PRIVATE PROPERTY

68
II

SUGGESTED CONVERSION OF
CORE AREA STREET INTO
PEDESTRIAN WAY PLAY
FACILITIES FOR SMALL
CHILDREN ARE PROVIDED
WITHIN IT
AUTOMOBILE ACCESS IS
DIVERTED TO REAR AFLEYS
CF
WAYS
SKETCHES PEDSTRIAN
FIGURE
IT
APPENDIX SUGGESTED PRIORITY

TO EATABI LAB AYATEM OF PRIORITY ATTENTION WAS FIRST GIVEN TO THE


NEIGHBORHOODS LACKING TWOTHIRDS OF THE PHASE ONE GOAL THEA ARE
INDICATED WITH DOUBLE ASTERISK IN TABLE III IN ADDITION TO THIS
LACK OF NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITIES CONSIDERATION WAS ALSO GIVEN TO THE
LACK OF COZNITY RECREATION FACILITIES IN WHICH THE NEIGHBORHOOD
EXISTS DESIRE TO EMPHASIZE THE NEED OF THE YOUTH OF THE CITY
THOSE UNDER TWENTY YEARS OF AGE AND PARTICULARLY THE YOUTH
LIVING IN DENSELY POPULATED AREAS CREATED STATISTICAL EVALUATION
OF THE EXISTING SITUATION

IN THE FOLLOWING
HOOD AND COIUUINITY
TABLE THE FINAL DECIMAL FIGURE INDICATES
DEFICIENCIES RELATED TO THE DENSITY OF
OF THOSE UNDER TWENTY YEARS OF AGE AS INDICATED
POP
NEIGHBOR

BY THE 1966 CENSUS


THE 1068 FIGURE OF THE JOHNSON NEIGHBORHOOD REPRESENTS THE NEED
OF UNIT OF THOUSAND PERSONS UNDER TWENTY PER ACRE USING THE
TOTAL RECREATIONAL ACREAGE DEFICIENCY OF THE FIRST COLUMI 08
16 OR 24ACRES PER THOUSAND PERSONS OF THAT NEIGHBORHOOD

THUS THE RATING CONSIDERS NOT ONLY THE TOTAL ACREAGE DEFICIENCY
NOR ONLY THE DEFICIENCY PER THOUSAND BUT PRESENTS THE DEFICIENCY
AS MODIFIED BY THE NUMBER OF PERSONS UNDER TWENTY AND THEIR DENSITY
PER ACRE IN PARTICULAR NEIGHBORHOOD

TOTAL
NEIGHBORHOOD DENSITY PER DEFICIENCY
WITH NEIGHBORHOOD ACRE COSAMMITY DENSITY OF
COINRIUNITY UNDER 20 PERSONS UNDER
DEFICIENCIES PER DENSITY OF PERSONS 20 PER ACRE DEFICIENCY
1000 UNDER 20 PER ACRE PER THOUSAND UNIT RATING

JOHNSON 081 16 L010X438 442 10608


COLD SPRING 10106 1103X423 467 07472
BROADWAYFILLMORE
10 12 980 X33L 321 07062
PULLMAN 10
12 897 X33L 297 06534
PECKHAU 101 12 878 X331 29L 06402
ONIEDA 09 12 833 X33L 276 05796
MILLS 08 12 874 X331 289 05780
HAMLIN PARK 09 06 636 X423 269 04035
KINGSLEY 08106 678 X423 287 04018
GRANTFERRY 09 06 714 X351 261 03915 10
DINGENS 10112 500 X33L 166 03652 11
KENFIELD 09106 469 X336 158 02370 12
LASALLE 09 05 410 X35L 144 02016 13
ALLEN 07 00 945 X257 243 01701 14
NORTH PARK 10 00 456 X319 145 01450 15
BRYANT 09 100 581X257 149 01341 16
CLEVELAND 08100 539 X257 139 01112 17

THE FOLLOWING NEIGHBORHOODS RANK NEXT HIGHEST ON THE LISTING OF DEFICIENCES


AND PRESENTLY LACK ONETHIRD OR MORE OF THE PHASE ONE GOALS THESE ARE
INDICATED BY SINGLE ASTERISK ON TABLE III
THEY ARE LISTED BY COEMUNITY
IN ORDER OF DEFICIENCY SINCE THE TINE ELEMENT FOR THE PROVISION OF THESE
FACILITIES WOULD BE GREATER THE 1966 CENSUS AGE FIGURES ARE NOT PRESENTED

18 WILLERT PARK EMALIE NEIGHBORHOODS ELLICOTT COMMUNITY


19 PERSON NEIGHBORHOOD EAST SIDE COMMUNITY
20 MASTEN PARK FRUIT BELT NEIGHBORHOODS 14STEN COMMUNITY
21 FOREST NEIGHBORHOOD VEST SIDE COMMUNITY
22 HUMBOLDT PARK WALDENBAILEY NEIGHBORHOODS EAST DELAVAN CGO4UNITY
23 UNIVERSITY NEIGHBORHOOD NORTH EAST COMMUNITY
24 BLACK ROCK UPPER BLACK ROCK NEIGHBORHOODS RIVERSIDE CCW4UIIITY
25 NORTH DELAWARE NEIGHBORHOOD NORTH BUFFALO COMMUNITY

71
APPENDIX MODIFICATION OF SITE LOCATIONS

THE SUGGESTED SITE LOCATIONS ARE THOSE WHICH SEEM TO BE THE MOST
SATISFACTORY AT THE PRESENT TIME CONSIDERING NUMBER OF FACTORS
SINCE PROGRAM TO PROVIDE THE FACILITIES IS OF LONGRANGE NATURE
THE CONSIDERATIONS INVOLVED IN ACQUIRING SITE IN THE FUTURE NO
DOUBT WILL BE MODIFIED

THE PRIMARY CONSIDERATION IN PLANNING


PROVIDE SITES WITHIN
NEI
EASY ACCESS OF PEDESTRIANS
FACILITIES
ESPECIALLY
IS TO
CHILDREN
UNDER FIFTEEN YEARS OF AGE IN DOING THIS UNIFORM SPACING THROUGHOUT
THE CITY WAS SOUGHT IF SITE LOCATION IS CHANGED OTHER PROPOSED
SITES SURROUNDING THE FORMER MAY ALSO HAVE TO BE ADJUSTED

WHERE WALKINGDISTANCE CONSIDERATIONS PERMITTED PROPOSED SITE


MAY HAVE BEEN SUGGESTED IN AN EASILY ACQUIRED LOCATION IN AN AREA
OF SUBSTANDARD STRUCTURES OR ON SITE WHICH COULD SERVE AS
BUFFER BETWEEN RESIDENTIAL AND NONRESIDENTIAL USES

THE PLANNING FOR LONGRANGE NETWORK OF RECREATION FACILITIES


OF PLANNING PREPARE
THROUGHOUT THE CITY REQUIRES THAT THE DIVIEION
PROPOSALS THAT MAY BE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WHEN PARTICULAR SITE IS
TO BE DEVELOPED THE FINAL SELECTION OF SITE FOR ACQUISITION IS

LEGISLATIVE MATTER THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SELECTED SITE IS


OF THE DEPARTMENT OF PARKS THIS REPORT IS PREPARED
RESPONSIBILITY
TO ACQUAINT ALL PARTIES PUBLIC AND PRIVATE WITH DETAILED INFORMATION
ON THE INVENTORY OF EXISTING FACILITIES STANDARDS AND PROPOSED
SITE LOCATIONS AS PART OF COMPREHENSIVE RECREATION PLAN FOR THE
ENTIRE CITY

THE RECREATION REQUIREMENTS IN AN URBAN RENEWAL AREA SHOULD BE


CONSIDERED AS THE TOTAL REQUIREMENTS PHASE ONE AND PHASE TWO OF
THE NEICMEOSHOOD RECREATION PLAN SO THAT LAND MAY BE DEDICATED FOR
SUCH USE BEFORE USED FOR OTHER PURPOSES

OF HIGHER
LARGE SCALE RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT POPULATION DENSITY
THAN ANTICIPATED CAN BE REQUIRED UNDER THE CITYS PROPOSED SUB
DIVISION ORDINANCETO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL RECREATION ACREAGE TO MEET
THE DEFICIENCY THAT WOULD BE CREATED

IF CONFLICT ARISES BETWEEN PROPOSED RECREATION SITE AND DEVELOP


MENT OF NONRECREATION NATURE THE SITUATION WOULD HAVE TO BE
EXAMINED TO DETERMINE THE COURSE OF ACTION TO BE TOKEN AND WHETHER
THE RECREATION PLAN SHOULD BE ALTERED THE PLAN SKOULD NOT BE USED
TO PREVENT NEW HOUSING UNITS TO BE BUILT TO IMPROVE THE CITYS
HOUSING INVENTORY IT IS HOPED THAT TI PROVISION OF RECREATION
ACREAGE WOULD IN FACT ENCOURAGE NEW RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS AROUND
THEM

THE NEIGHBORHOOD REQUIREMENTS IN TERMS OF POPULETION MAY ALSO BE


MODIFIED IN THE FUTURE HOWEVER IT IS NOT RECOMAENDED TO CHANGE
THE PLANNING POPULATION OF PARTICULAR NEIGHBORHOOD ON WHICH THE
REQUIREMENTS ARE NOW BASED WITHOUT DETAILED STUDY ON PERMANENT
CHANGES FLUCTUATIONS MAY BE EXPECTED FROM CENSUS TO CENSUS IN
TERMS OF POPULATION AND CHANGE IN PLANNING POPULATIONS SHOULD NOT
BE BASED SOLELY ON THOSE FIGURES

ANY LOSS IN EXISTING RECREATION ACREAGE THAT IS PROPOSED FOR ANOTHER


USE ALSO BE CAREFULLY STUDIED
SHOULD AND IMMEDIATE REPLACEMENT
CONSIDERED THE CITY OF BUFFALO SHOULD NOT BE INTERESTED ONLY IN
REPLACEMENT OF ACTUAL FACILITIES OR STRUCTURES BUT ALSO IN EQUAL

ACREAGE

NEIGHBORHOOD GROUPS AND INDIVIDUALS MAY PARTICIPATE IN PLANNING


SPECIFIC RECREATION SITE IN THEIR NEIGHBORHOOD THE SUGGESTED
LOCATIONS OF THIS REPORT ARE BY NO MEANS SPECIFIC OR FINAL DESIGNA
TIONS BUT THEY ARE NECESSARY ELEMENTS IN PREPARING COMPREHENSIVE
PLAN FOR THE ENTIRE CITY SUCH AN APPROACH IS NECESSARY IN ORDER
TO TREAT ALL CITIZENS FAIRLY IN DISTRIBUTION PATTERN OF RECREATION
FACILITIES

72
APPENDIX COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD NAMES
AND POPULATION DENSITY MAP

MAP

PROPOSED POPULATION
DENSITY BY NEIGHBORHOODS
CONMU1
AND

APPROX PERSONS
TI
HOUSING UNITS SOUTH
PER ACRE PER ACRE INDU 0UFALA
SOUIB
UNDER 60
PORT
60 90
90120
OVER 120 OVER 40
INDEX

APPEARANCE 4851 PASSIVE RECREATION 745


ANALYSIS OF RECREATION PEDESTRIAN WAYS 6870
FACILITIES PHASE NEIGHBORHOOD PLANLL1337
ASSIGNMENT OF EXISTING PHASE II NEIGHBORHOOD
ACREAGE 59 PLAN 121337
BICYCLE PATHS 6870 PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED 67
CITYSCAPE 454750 PLANNING POPULATION 52
CITYWIDE RECREATION PLAYFIELD COMMUNITY
FACILITIES 64345 PLAYGROUND NEIGHBORHOOD
COMMERCIAL FACILITIES 62 POPULATION 2552
COMMUNITIES FOR COUXNUNITY POPULATION DENSITY 255273
FACILITIES 739 PRIORITY 71
COMMUNITIES FOR NEIGHBORHOOD PROPOSALS SEE RECREATION PLAN
FACILITIES PROTECTIVE BUFFER 4750
RIVERSIDE 14 PRIVATE FACILITIES
NORTH BUFFALO 16 COMMERCIAL 62
NORTH EAST 18 SEMIPUBLIC 6062
WEST SIDE 20 PUBLIC AND SEMIPUBLIC
ELMWOOD 22 FACILITIES 61
MA STEN 24 QUALITY OF FACILITIES 45485163
EAST DELAVAN 26 RECREATION PLAN 1150
CENTRAL 28 NEIGHBORHOOD 1338
ELLIC OTT 30 COMMUNITY 3943
EAST SIDE 32 CITYWIDE 4346
BUFFALO RIVER 34 OPEN SPACE CONSIDERATIONS 4750
SOUTH BUFFALO 36 REGIONAL RECREATION
COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTERS 739 FACILITIES 6566
COMPARISON WITH OTHER CITIES SEMIPUBLIC FACILITIES 60
DENSITY POPULATION 5273 SPLIT FACILITY ASSIGNMENT 59
ELDERLY AND YOUTH FACILITIES 63 STANDARDS
EXISTING ACREAGE ALSO UNDER CITYWIDE
SUBJECT 61 COMMUNITY
HANDICAPPED STANDARDS 67 NEIGHBORHOOD
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND TOTLOTS
LOCATION II SCHOOL OPEN SAPCE 10
LOCATION MODIFICATION 72 TEMPORARY 10
METROPOLITAN RECREATION 65 PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED 67
MODIFICATION OF SITE LOCATIONS 72 SUMMARY OF STATISTICS 6061
NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITIES 81438 TOTLOTS 938
NEIGHBORHOOD PLANNING GROUPS 72 WALKS 68
NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION YOUTH AND ELDERLY FACILITIES 63
INVENTORY 5358
NEIGHBORHOODSLISTED UNDER
COMMUNITY SEE REFERENCE MAP 73

OPEN SPACE 4647505960616566


6870
OPEN SPACE BUFFER MAP 48
74
ILLUSTRATIVE MATERIAL

PAGE

TABLE SUMMARY OF RECREATION ACREAGE FOR BUFFALO


AND COMPARATIVE CITIES 1960
TABLE II RESIDENCE STRUCTURAL TYPES IN PERCENT
1960
TABLE III NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN 1337
TABLE IV TOT LOT STANDARDS 38
TABLE COMMUNITY RECREATION FACILITIES 42
TABLE VI CITYWIDE RECREATION FACILITIES 45

MAP LAIL NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION 1537


MAP EXISTING AND PROPOSED COMMUNITY AND
CITYWIDE RECREATION 43
MAP OPEN SPACE BUFFER MAP 48
MAP COMMERCIAL RECREATION 62
MAP YOUTH AND ELDERLY RECREATION 63
MAP 6A6D AGE GROUP PROFILES IN BUFFALO 19601966 64
MAP REGIONAL PARKS AND OPEN SPACE
METROPOLITAN BUFFALO 66
MAP COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD NAMES
AND POPULATION DENSITY MAP 73

FIGURE PARK SKETCHES 1888


FIGURE POPULATION DENSITY COMPARED TO PERCENT
OF LAND RESERVED FOR RECREATION
FIGURE HANDICAPPED PERSONS REACH 67
FIGURE PEDESTRIAN WAY ILLUSTRATION 69
FIGURE SKETCHES OF PEDESTRIAN WAYS 70

75
FL

COMMERGIAL PLAN

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN


CHAPTER VI

VT
COMMERCIAL PLAN

OBJECTIVES

THE COMMERCIAL PLAN HAS AS MAJOR CONSIDERATION THE CONCENTRATION


OF COMMERCIAL RETAIL CENTERS WITHIN THE CITY THIS IS PROPOSED TO SERVE
AS MEANS OF INCREASING THEIR ATTRACTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY THE
SPECIALIZED FUNCTION OF THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT SHOULD BE STRENGTHENED
THIS DISTRICT NOW SUPPLIES NEARLY QUARTER OF THE PROPERTY TAXES FOR THE
CITY AND IS VALUABLE ASSET IN CARRYING OUT THE CITYS PROGRAMS

POLICIES

THE POLICIES OF THE MASTER PLAN PROVIDE FLEXIBLE GUIDE PERIODIC REVIEW
AND EVALUATION ARE REQUIRED TO CONSIDER CHANGING FACTORS THE POLICIES
ESTABLISH PERSPECTIVE TO RELATE IMMEDIATE DECISIONS WITH FUTURE IMPLICA
TIONS IN THE LIGHT OF OVERALL GOALS OF THE CITY SPECIFIC COMMERCIAL POLICIES
FOLLOW

CONCENTRATION OF COMMERCIAL RETAIL CENTERS IN THE CITY THIS IS

TO SERVE AS MEANS OF INCREASING THEIR ATTRACTIVENESS AND


EFFICIENCY

REMOVAL OF SUBSTANDARD FACILITIES OBSOLETE AND DETERIORATING


COMMERCIAL STRUCTURES SHOULD BE REHABILITATED OR CLEARED
IMPROVED ENVIRONMENT SHOULD BE SOUGHT FOR EXISTING USES AS WELL
AS FOR NEW FACILITIES

ENCOURAGE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS IN ORDER TO SUPPLY EMPLOY

MENT OPPORTUNITIES AND TO INCREASE THE CITYS TAX BASE TO ASSIST IN


PROVIDING REVENUE FOR OTHER PROGRAMS COMMERCIAL USES WILL BE
ENCOURAGED TO BUILD OR TO EXPAND IN KEEPING WITH THE PROPOSALS OF
THE MASTER PLAN

IMPROVE THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT AS MAJOR REVENUE SOURCE


AND ONE OF EVEN GREATER POTENTIAL THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
SHOULD CONTINUE TO BE IMPROVED ITS ENVIRONMENT AND CIRCULATION
THE REGION
SYSTEM SHOULD OFFER UNIQUE SETTING IN

CONCENTRATE RELATED USES COMMERCIAL USES WHICH ARE RELATED IN

FUNCTION SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED TO DEVELOP IN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO ONE


ANOTHER

BUFFERS SHOULD BE PROVIDED BETWEEN INCOMPATIBLE USES BUFFERS


SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED BETWEEN INCOMPATIBLE RESIDENTIAL AND
COMMERCIAL USES

VIIS
MAJOR INNOVATIONS IN THE METHODS OF GOODS AND FOOD PROCESSING DISTRIBUTION AND
MERCHANDISING HAVE REVOLUTIONIZED THE RETAILING SYSTEM THESE INNOVATIONS
REQUIRE BASIC ADJUSTMENTS IN THE DISTRIBUTION OF COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES THROUGH
OUT THE CITY OF BUFFALO

FOUR MAJOR CONCEPTS GUIDED THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMMERCIAL LAND USE PLAN

IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF THE COMMERCIAL SYSTEM THROUGH


CONSOLIDATIVE LAND USE POLICIES

IMPROVE THE EFFICIENCY OF THE COMMERCIAL SYSTEM BY

DISTINGUISHING THE FUNCTIONS OF DIFFERING TYPES OF SHOPPING AREAS

IMPROVE THE RETAILING CAPABILITIES OF THE COMMERCIAL SYSTEM BY


LOCATING HIGHER DENSITY RESIDENTIAL AREAS IN PROXIMITY TO REGIONAL
AND COMMUNITY SHOPPING AREAS

IMPROVE THE RETAILING CAPABILITIES OF THE COMMERCIAL SYSTEM BY


CREATING EASY ACCESSIBILITY AND INCREASING THE OFFSTREET PARKING
FACILITIES

THE STUDY OF COMMERCIAL LAND USE IS CLOSELY RELATED TO STUDIES OF POPULATION


AND RESIDENTIAL DENSITIES THE RESULTS OF THE LAND USE SURVEY OF THE 1964
MASTER PLAN INDICATED THERE WERE 1570 ACRES OF COMMERCIAL LAND
IN THE CITY

THROUGH 1970 THIS


ACREAGE INCREASED BY 37 ACRES DESPITE THE FACT THAT THE

CITYS POPULATION DECLINED BY SOME 44 000 BETWEEN 1963 AND 1970 THE ACREAGE
CITED INCLUDES MANY VACANT STORES RELATING THIS FIGURE TO PEOPLE THERE EXISTS
ACRES OF COMMERCIAL LAND FOR EVERY ONE THOUSAND PERSONS IN THE CITY AS
WILLBE SEEN THE PRESENT NEED FOR COMMERCIAL LAND MORE NEARLY APPROACHES
ACRES PER THOUSAND PERSONS AN ANALYSIS OF THE COMMERCIAL LAND USE AND ITS

RELATIONSHIP TO THE POPULATION OF THE CITY OF BUFFALO IS REQUIRED

THE PROCEDURE FOR THE STUDY OF COMMERCIAL LAND USE WAS AS FOLLOWS

EXISTING LAND USE ACREAGES FOR COMMERCIAL AREAS WERE ANALYZED

EXISTING AND PROJECTED INCOME OF THE CITY AND THE METROPOLITAN


AREA HAD TO BE OBTAINED

LAND USE REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL SPACE WERE STUDIED AND


PROJECTIONS THEN MADE REGARDING FUTURE REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMERCIAL
SPACE

SUPPLEMENTING THE PROJECTED COMMERCIAL SPACE REQUIREMENTS IS THE

PLAN FOR THE DISTRIBUTION OF FUTURE COMMERCIAL CENTERS THROUGHOUT


THE CITY
41
II

IF
JR YT
GP
II

II

QB9
LAS
VL IP
II

99

EI AH

SRU
CENTRAL IS
BUSINESS
DISTRICT

11K

I4IJ
95

9U

FIGURE EXISTING COMMERCIAL LAND USE CITY OF BUFFALO

19119
EXISTING COMMERCIAL LAND USE ACREAGE THE EXISTING ACREAGE OF
COMMERCIAL FACILITIES BY COMMUNITY IS INCLUDED IN TABLE AI IN APPENDIX

THROUGHOUT THE CITYS TWELVE PLANNING COMMUNITIES THE PREDOMINANCE OF

NEIGHBORHOOD SHOPPING FACILITIES IS OBVIOUS GENERALLY NEIGHBORHOOD


SHOPPING AREAS ARE NOT AS CONCENTRATED AS THE LARGER SHOPPING FACILITIES

THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN COMMERCIAL FACILITIES AND THEIR ORIENTATION TO

STREETS IS QUITE APPARENT PARTICULARLY ALONG MAJOR THOROUGHFARES SUCH AS


BAILEY AND BROADWAY AVENUES AND GENESEE AND MAIN STREETS FIGURE
INDICATES SOME OF THE COMMERCIAL FACILITIES
THAT THE CONSOLIDATION OF COULD

PROVIDE MORE EFFICIENT COMMERCIAL SYSTEM THE FIRST TWO CONCEPTS STATED
EARLIER CALLING FOR CONSOLIDATIVE LAND USE POLICIES AND AN IMPROVEMENT IN T1
EFFICIENCY COMMERCIAL SYSTEM ARE
OF THE FEASIBLE IN THE LIGHT OF THE EXISTING

PATTERN OF COMMERCIAL LAND USE

DETERMINING COMMERCIAL SPACE NEEDS THERE HAVE BEEN NUMBER


OFMETHODS AND STANDARDS DEVELOPED FOR DETERMINING THE ACREAGE REQUIRED FOR
COMMERCIAL LAND USE ROTE METHODS OF COMMERCIAL LAND CALCULATIONS THOUGH
GENERALLY RELIABLE USUALLY DO NOT COMPENSATE FOR CONDITONS WHICH MIGHT VARY
FROM ONE AREA OF THE COUNTRY TO ANOTHER SUCH CONDITIONS INCLUDE

INCOME AND SPENDING PATTERNS

POTENTIAL PURCHASING POWER

DOLLAR VOLUME OF SALES PER GROSS SQUARE FOOT

PARKING REQUIREMENTS AND EXTRAS

THE NUMBER OF SQUARE FEET OF FLOOR SPACE REQUIRED TO SERVE PARTICULAR AREA
WAS DETERMINED FROM THE FIRST THREE ITEMS ONCE THIS HADBEEN DETERMINED
SPACE FOR PARKING LOADING AND LANDSCAPING WAS ADDED

INCOMES ARE IMPORTANT IN


DETERMINING COMMERCIAL SPACE NEEDS IN THAT THEY
INDICATE POTEPURCHASING POWER TABLE INDICATES THAT PERSONAL INCOME
FOR THE METROPOLITAN AREA ROSE FROM 420 000 000 IN 1967 TO APPROXIMATELY
400 000 000 IN 1970 THE ESTIMATED TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME PROJECTED TO
1990 IS 300 000 000 FOR THE METROPOLITAN AREA

PER CAPITA INCOME OF METROPOLITAN RESIDENTS IN 1950 WAS APPROXIMATELY 408


THE ESTIMATED FIGURE FOR 1970 IS ABOUT 000 REPRESENTING GAIN OF 1592
THIS GAIN IS STATED IN TERMS OF REAL PURCHASING POWER WHICH DOES NOT CONTAIN
AN INFLATIONARY FACTOR THE BULK OF THE INCOME INCREASE TOOK PLACE AFTER
1960 THE IMPROVEMENT IN RELATIVE WEALTH ESTABLISHED THE BASIS TO EXPAND
SERVICEPRODUCING FUNCTIONS THE ANTICIPATED UPWARD TREND IN REAL PER CAPITA
INCOME WILL BE SIGNIFICANT FACTOR GENERATING NEW DCMAND FOR VARIOUS
SERVICE ACTIVITIES IT IS EXPECTED THAT THE REAL PER CAPITA INCOME WILL RISE
FROM LEVEL OF APPROXIMATELY 000 TO 005 IN 1990 THIS REPRESENTS
GAIN OF ABOUT 005 PER CAPITA DURING THE PROJECTION PERIOD IN TERMS OF

AGGREGATE INCOME THESE PROJECTIONS INDICATE AN OVERALL GAIN FOR THE METROPOLI

TAN AREA OF ABOUT 872 000 000 FROM 1970 TO 1990 THE TREND FOR

V4
19 0 1652 50 5 8268 35 5
1980 1486 4 53 6 17 2962
SMSA
P1975 ROJECTD 1421 4310 6125 2726 1967
97
109 86
147 94
211
BUFALO ESTIMAED
1970 1349 40 0 5396 2428 1963
86 96 91
121 82
160
98 99 96 92
110 124
SALES 1967 1320 3 13 43TH 20 6
1958
RETAIL I N D C E S 100 100 100 100 100 100
1954
AND
1963 1312 256 3 6 1647 ECONMIC
INCOME SALES INCOME
INCOME
BUFALO SALES SALES SALES
GO DS P E R S O N A L
POULATION SALES OF
INCOME CITY RETAIL RETAIL CBD RETAIL
THOUSAND CAPITA PERSONA MILONS RETAIL MILONS ALL ALL LES
POULATION COMPARISON TOTAL
ALL
TABLE POULATION IN
PER TOTAL IN TOTAL IN TABLE CITY CITY CITY SMSA CBD SMSA
F1 L3LLFFALO IS SHOWN IN TABLO

DUC TO THE
DEVELOPMENT ANTICIPATED IN THE TRANSPORTATION NETWORK NODES ALONG THE MAIN
STREET CORRIDOR IN BUFFALO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES ARE APT TO BE PRODUCED IN CENTRAL
BUFFALOS LEVEL OF INCOME CENTRAL BUFFALOS INCREASE ALSO SHOULD BE GREATER PERCENTAGE
WISE THAN THE METROPOLITAN AVERAGE IN EXISTING LOW INCOME AREAS

TABLE PRESENTS ECONOMIC INDICES FOR THE CITY USING 1954 AS THE BASE YEAR IN THE

CITY RETAIL SALES IN 1963 COMPARED TO 1954 IN THE CITY DECLINED TO 86 IN 1967 THIS INDEX
NCREASED TO 97 BUT THIS SHOULD BE MODIFIED BY NOTING THE SMSA INCREASE TO 147 IN

1967 CITY SALES LESS CENTRAL BUSINESS NOT DECREASE TO THE EXTENT
DISTRICT SALES DID OF
ALL CITY SALES AND REACHED 109 BY 1967 IN COMPARISON TO THE CITY POPULATION INDEX
SALES IN THE CITY DID NOT DROP TO THE EXTENT OF POPULATION LOSS INDEXED AT 86 IN 1967
THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT COMPARISON GOODS SALES AT 82 DID DROP BELOW THE
POPULATION DECLINE INDEX FOR THE CITY IN 1963 BY 1967 THIS INDEX ROSE TO 94

TABLE PRESENTS PERCENTAGE FIGURES RELATING THE ABOVE TO TOTAL SMSA FIGURES FOR 1954
1958 1963 AND 1967 THE DOLLAR SALES INDICES BASED ON THE YEAR 1954 DO NOT INDICATE
THE DECLINE PERCENTAGEWISE TO TOTAL SMSA ACTIVITY THE DECLINE OF CITY SALES HAS BEEN
GREAT AS NEW SHOPPING FACILITIES OPENED THROUGHOUT THE METROPOLITAN AREA IT SHOULD BE
NOTED THAT CITY SALES LESS CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT SALES HAVE NOT EXPERIENCED AS
GREAT DECLINE THIS SECTOR DID NOT EXPERIENCE AS GREAT LOSS SINCE THERE IS

GRE DEPENDENCE ON CONVENIENCE SHOPPING THAN ON COMPARISON GOODS SHOPPING IN

MOST COMMERCIAL AREAS IN THE CITY OUTSIDE THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

THIS SECTION OF THE COMMERCIAL PLAN


CONCENTRATE ON THOSE AREAS OF THE CITY OUTSIDE
WILL
THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT WHICH WILL BE TREATED SEPARATELY OLDER SHOPPING AREAS
IN THE CITY USUALLY OF SHOESTRINGNATURE ALONGA MAIN THOROUGHFARE FOUND BUSINESS
BEING ATTRACTED AWAY FROM THEM COMBINATION OF MORE ATTRACTIVE STRUCTURES THE
CONVENIENCE OF GROUPINGS OF STORES AND AMPLE PARKING FACILITIES HAVE BEEN PHYSICAL
ATTRACTIONS THAT CAUSED DECLINE IN CITY SALES THIS WAS PARTICULARLY TRUE IN THE AREA
OF COMPARISON GOODS SALES

TABLE PRESENTED PROJECTION OF TOTAL RETAIL SALES IN THE METROPOLITAN AREA HOW
THIS WILL AFFECT THE AREA OF THE CITY OUTSIDE THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT WILL BE
DEVELOPED INCOME IT WAS ASSUMED WILL INCREASE AT COMPOUND RATE OF PER
YEAR UNTIL 1975 AND PER YEAR THEREAFTER THE PROJECTIONS REFLECT CONTINUING
INCREASES IN REAL INCOME BUT EXCLUDE INFLATIONARY FACTORS THE DOLLAR AMOUNTS WILL
THUS UNDERSTATE SALES DOLLARS AS THEY WILL OCCUR IN THE FUTURE BUT THEY ARE NECESSARY
AS GUIDE FOR ESTIMATING RETAIL SPACE

TABLE INDICATES THE DISTRIBUTION BY PERCENT OF RETAIL SALES IN THE METROPOLITAN AREA
IN 1958 1963 AND 1967 TABLE SHOWS THE DISTRIBUTION BY PERCENT FOR THE CIY LESS
THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT AND IT INCLUDES PROJECTION FOR 1990 BY PERCEN WHICH
IS CONVERTED INTO DOLLARS THE IMPORTANCE OF CONVENIENCE SHOPPING WITHIN THE CITY IS
INDICATED BY ITS HIGHER PERCENTAGE AND IT IS PROJECTED TO REMAIN AT HIGHER LEVEL
THAN THE METROPOLITAN FIGURE SLIGHT DECLINE IN THAT FIGURE IS MADE

VI6
TABLE CITY OF BUFFALO RETAIL SALES AS PERCENT OF SMSA

1954 1958 1963 1967

CITY ALL RETAIL SALES 584 521 417 386


CITY ALL RETAIL SALES
LESS CBD 431 389 343 318

TABLE DISTRIBUTION OF RETAIL SALES IN PERCENT SMSA

1958 1963 1967


CONVENIENCE
FOODS DRUGS AND PROPRIETARY
EATING AND DRINKING 398 388 380
COMPARISON SHOPPING
GENERAL MERCHANDISE APPAREL
FURNITURE 250 248 281
FREESTANDING
AUTOMOBILE DEALERS GAS STATIONS
BUILDING MATERIALS 284 299 278
OTHER RETAIL 068 065 061
TOTAL RETAIL SALES 1000 1000 1000

TABLE DISTRIBUTION OF RETAIL SALES CITY LESS CBD


1963 1967 1990
PERCENT PERCENT PERCENTDOLLARS IN
MILLIONS
CONVENIENCE
FOODS DRUGS AND PROPRIETARY
EATING AND DRINKING 426 424 400 427
COMPARISON SHOPPING
GENERAL MERCHANDISE APPAREL
FURNITURE 172 220 250 267
FREESTANDING
AUTOMOBILE DEALERS GAS
STATIONS BUILDING MATERIALS 345 295 270 288
OTHER RETAIL 057 061 080 85
TOTAL RETAIL SALES 1000 1000 1000 1067

VL7
37 36
CITY 108 181 150 61 18 21
CITY 100
1967 19 0
64 75
SMSA 184 323 189 58 20 22
SMSA 100
CITY 81 31 33
145 120 CITY
60 20 20
100
1963 1967
49 68
SMSA 141 258 151 57 20 23
100
PERCENT
IN

SMSA
CITY 80 26 36
142 117 CITY 56 21 23
100
1958
SMSA 111 39 59
209 122 RECIPTS 1963 SMSA
55 19 26
100
CITY 67 17 37
121 100
SERVICES CITY 56 18 25
100
RECIPTS DOLARS
1954
SMSA 93 24 54
171 100
1958
SELCTED SMSA 53 19 28
100
SERVICES OF OF
SELCTED MIL ONS BUSINES REC ATION DISTRBUON BUSINES
IN
AUTO AUTO
REC ATION
TABLE PERSONAL REPAIRS HOTEL TOTAL INDCES
4T
TABLE PERSONAL REPAIRS HOTEL TOTAL
HOWEVCR AND THIS IS JOINED BY DECLINE IN FREESTANDING SALES THUS INCREASES ARE
MADE IN COMPARISON SHOPPING AND OTHER RETAIL CATEGORIES THE CITY POPULATION IS
ANTICIPATED TO DROP TO ABOUT 30 PERCENT OF THE METROPOLITAN POPULATION BY 1990
THE PROJECTION ESTABLISHES 30 PERCENT OF THE SMSA RETAIL SALES TO BE MADE IN THE

CITY THIS WOULD BUILDUPON THE STRONG CONVENIENCE SHOPPING BASE THAT EXISTS AND
HOPEFULLY ATTRACT SOME GAINS
IN OTHER CATEGORIES BY PROVIDING MORE CONVENIENT
AND ATTRACTIVE COMMERCIAL FACILITIES THE 1967 RETAIL SALES IN THE CITY OUTSIDE
THEC BD AMOUNTED TO 318 OF METROPOLITAN RETAIL SALES

SELECTED SERVICES
ARE ANTICIPATED TO INCREASE SLIGHTLY IN PERCENT SPENT FOR THEM FROM

PERSONAL INCOME THIS WILL INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF DOLLARS SIGNIFICANTLY RECEIPTS
FROM SELECTED SERVICES WERE CALCULATED AS INCREASING BY FIVE YEAR INTERVALS
RAISING THE 1990 FIGURE TO IT IS UNLIKELY THAT STEADY INCREASE WILL TAKE PLACE
AND ANNUAL FLUCTUATIONS MAY BE ANTICIPATED BUT THE OVERALL INCREASE SHOULD APPROXIMATE
THE FIGURE INDICATED FOR 1990 TABLE REVIEWS SELECTED SERVICES RECEIPTS FOR THE
METROPOLITAN AREA AND THE CITY FOR 1954 1958 1963 AND 1967 THE CITY PROPER HAS
MUCH MORE FAVORABLE POSITION IN SELECTED SERVICES AS INDICATED IN THE INDICES ON
THIS TABLE AS COMPARED WITH THE INDICES FOR RETAIL ACTIVITY ON TABLE THE INDICES
FOR SELECTED SERVICES ALSO HAVE REACHED HIGHER LEVEL FOR BOTH THE CITY AND THE
METROPOLITAN AREA THAN THAT OF RETAIL ACTIVITY THE DOLLAR AMOUNTS ARE MUCH SMALLER
FOR SERVICES THAN RETAIL HOWEVER

TABLE PRESENTS THE DISTRIBUTION OF SELECTED SERVICES RECEIPTS FOR THE METROPLITAN
AREA AND THE CITY AS PERCENT WITHIN THE AREA INVOLVED THE FIGURES FOR 1958 1963
AND 1967 ARE PRESENTED AND PROJECTION OF DISTRUBUTION IN 1990 IS MADE WITHIN THE
CITY INCREASES IN PERCENT OF DISTRIBUTIONS ARE INDICATED FOR PERSONAL AND BUSINESS
SERVICES AND FOR HOTEL AND RECREATION DECLINE IN THE PERCENT FOR REPAIRS AND
AUTOMOBILE SERVICE IS INDICATED WITHIN THE CITY

TABLE PRESENTS SELECTED SERVICES RECEIPTS OF THE CITY IN TERMS OF PERCENTAGE OF

THE METROPOLITAN AREA RECEIPTS FOR 1958 1963 AND 1967 PROJECTION OF THE CITY

AS PERCENT OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA IS MADE FOR 1990 IN THESE TERMS


CONTINUING
DECLINE IN PERCENTAGE OF SELECTED SERVICE RECEIPTS THE
IN CITY IS INDICATED RELATED TO

CONTINUING POPULATION INCREASE OUTSIDE THE CITY EXCEPT FOR MINOR GAIN IN THE
HOTEL AND RECREATION CATEGORY THE OF TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME PROJECTED FOR 1990
TO BE EXPENDED FOR SELECTED SERVICES AMOUNTS TO 695 000 000 THE TOTALCITY
SELECTED SERVICE RECEIPTS WOULD AMOUNT TO 361 000 000 BASED ON THE PERCENTAGE
INDICATED IN TABLE THE DISTRIBUTION BY CATEGORY OF THIS AMOUNT WAS SHOWN IN
TABLE WITHIN THE CITY AND IS SHOWN AS PERCENTAGE OF METROPOLITAN RECEIPTS IN

TABLE

TABLE ESTIMATES SELECTED SERVICES


RECEIPTS FOR THE CITY MINUS THE DOWNTOWNAREA
FOR 1990 DRAWN FROM THE CITY FIGURES OF TABLE AND THE PROJECTED PERCENT AND
RECEIPTS IN DOLLARS ARE ESTABLISHED AT 29 PERCENT OR 000 000 202
THE SELECTED
SERVICE CATEGORIES INDICATES RECEIPTS ANTICIPATED BY THAT BREAKDOWN

TABLE CONVERTS THE PROJECTED RETAIL SALES SHOWN IN TABLE


10 AND THE PROJECTED
SERVICES RECEIPTS OF TABLE INTO FLOOR AREA REQUIREMENTS ALL RETAIL CATEGORIES
AND TWO OF THE THREE SERVICES CATEGORIES ARE SHOWN IN TABK 10 THE THIRD CATEGORY
OF SERVICES INCLUDES HOTELS COMMERCIAL RECREATION AND ADDTRTOAL SUCH

VI9
IN DOLARS
OF
121 53 28 202
MIL ONS
IN
220 65 76 361
MRECIPTS IL ONS
SMSA 19 0 55 47 50 52 OF
CITY
OF 19 0 55 81 37 56
PERCENT TOTAL
PERCENT 1967 59 58 48 56 CBD
AS
LES
OF
CITY 1963 58 63 49 56 CITY 30 38 18 29
PERCENT SNSA
RECIPTS 1958 73 67 61 68
RECIPTS
SERVICE SERVICE
SELCTIVE BUSINES AUTO
REC ATION SELCTED BUSINES AUTO REC ATION
TABLE PERSONAL REPAIRS HOTEL TOTAL TABLE PERSONAL REPAIRS HOTEL TOTAL
REQUIMNTS
AREA
FLO R 19 0
2847 82 9 1514
INTO
RECIPTS
COMERCIAL 1967
180 5257 1 80 857
CBD FE T
II
1 469
LES
CITY
SQUARE
OF
OF
FOOT FOOT SERVICES FOOT SERVICES FOOT
CONVERSION THOUSAND
FOOT FOOT
ING
SHOP SQUARE SHOP ING SQUARE RETAIL SQUARE SQUARE SQUARE SQUARE
10

IN
PER
SON
PER PER
R E T A I L PER
B U S I N E S PER PER AUTOMBILE
TABLE CONVEIC 150
AT
COMPARI
100
AT FRESTANDIG 35
AT
40
OTHER AT
50
AT
35
PERSONAL REPAIRS AT
TOTAL
AND UNBADING AND SPACE FOR FINANCIAL ACTIVITIES
OPEN PEDESTRIAN AREAS LOADING SPACC
NOT INCLUDED ELSEWHERE THIS LAST CATEGORY IS INCLUDED SEPARATELY UNDER ADDITIONAL
FACILITIES IN TABLE 11 AND IT IS BASED ON TEN PERCENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS PRECEEDING
IT IN THE TABLE THIS HAS BEEN FOUND TO BE REASONABLE STANDARD TO USE FOR THIS

CATEGORY

TABLE CONVERTS THE SQUARE FOOTAGE FLOOR AREA REQUIREMENTS OF TABLE 10 INTO ACRES
IL

BESIDES THE ADDITIONAL FACILITIES PARKING IS ADDED IN THIS TABLE PARKING FACILITIES
WERE DETERMINED BY RATIO OF PARKING SPACES TO FLOOR AREA IT IS RECOGNIZED THAT
THE
PARKING DEMANDS VARY ACCORDING TO USES BUT WHEN ALL USES ARE CONSOLIDATED
NEEDS TEND TO EVEN OUT DIFFERENCES WHILE SOME SUBURBAN FACILITIES MAY REACH
RATIO AS HIGH AS TO OF PARKING SPACE TO FLOOR AREA THAT HIGH RATIO WOULD BE

IMPRACTICAL IN THE CITY GREATER RELIANCE MUST BE PLACED ON PEDESTRIAN AND TRANSIT
RIDERS WITHIN THE DENSELY DEVELOPED CITY TOL RATIO FOR PARKING AREA TO FLOOR

AREA IS ESTABLISHED AS GOAL IN THE CITY THE TOTAL AREA REQUIREMENTS OF THE CITY
LESS THE DOWNTOWNAREA ARE PRESENTED IN TABLE 11 THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE
CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT ARE ADDED TO THIS TABLE TO PRESENT THE TOTAL REQUIREMENTS
AS MENTIONED PREVIOUSLY THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
CITY BY 1990
FOR THE IS

COVERED SEPARATELY TABLE 11 ALSO PRESENTS THE NEEDS OF 1967 BASED ON THE SAME
PROCEDURES USED IN DETERMINING THE NEEDS OF 1990 TRANSLATED INTO TERMS OF THE
AMOUNT OF LAND REQUIRED FOR COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES AND THE AMOUNT OF LAND USED OR
DESIGNEATED FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES THE CITY NEEDS ONLY ABOUT TWOTHIRDS
OF THE

LAND PRESENTLY DESIGNATED FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES THE PROBLEM WITH OVER
ZONING FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES IS THAT AN ECONOMIC SURPLUS OF COMMERCIAL PROPERTY
CAN BE VISUALLY UNPLEASANT IN THE FORM OF VACANT STORES AND EVEN MORE SERIOUS
THE CAUSE OF BLIGHTING EFFECTS IN NEIGHBORHOODS

INDICATEDON FIGURE ARE MAJOR SHOPPING CONCENTRATIONS IN THE BUFFALO AREA WITH
AN EMPHASIS ON THOSE IN THE CITY OUTSIDE OF THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT THE
PROPOSED DISTRIBUTION OF SHOPPINGFACILITIES IS SHOWN IN FIGURE THE COMMERCIAL
BUT ATTEMPTS TO CONSOLIDATE
PLAN THIS BUILDS UPON THE PATTERN SUGGESTED IN FIGURE
ACTIVITIES

NEIGHBORHOOD OR CONVENIENCE SHOPPING AREAS ARE PART OF THE PLAN BUT THEY ARE NOT
INDICATED ON FIGURE GENERALLY SMALL AREA THE GUIDE IN LOCATING SUCH
DUE TO THEIR
FACILITIES SHOULD BE BASED ON THE DENSITY OF POPULATION OF AN AREA AND ITS ABILITY TO
SUPPORT THEM THESE SMALL SCALE SHOPPING AR
SHOULD BE REASONABLY COMPATIBLE WITH
RESIDENTIAL AREAS AND CONVENIENTLY LOCATED WITH LARGE NUMBER OF CUSTOMERS WHO
WALK ONE OF THE PROBLEMS WITH NEIGHBORHOOD DEFINITION IS THE LACK
WILL TO SHOP
OF LIMITATION ON THE SIZE OF STORE IN REACHING COMMUNITYLEVEL TRADE AREA THE
NUMBER OF AUTOMOBILES INCREASE AND COMPATIBILITY WITH RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS IS

LOST THE TERM CONVENIENCE SHOPPING IS USED TO INDICATE THE PURPOSE OF SUCH AREAS
AND IT IS IN KEEPING WITH THE STANDARD LAND USE CLASSIFICATION AND WITH THE CENSUS OF
BUSINESS PERSONAL AND BUSINESS SERVICES WHICH ARE COMPAT IBLE WITH
CERTAIN LIGHT
RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS SUCH AS BARBER AND BEAUTY SHOPS SHOULD BE PERMITTED
IN LAND USE CONTROLS THE OUTLETS SHOULD BE LIMITED IN SIZE TO PREVENT COMMUNITY

SERVING FACILITIES FROM BEING PERMITTED 2500 SQUARE FOOT MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA

PER OUTLET IS PROPOSED TO GOVERN THIS CONSIDERATION LOCAL SERVICE FACILITIES ARE

PROPOSED TO PROVIDE PARTICULARLY FOR THOSE COMMERCIAL AND SERVICES ACTIVITIES


WHICH ARE NOT CUSTOMARILY CONSIDERED TO BE COMPATIBLE WITH RESIDENZK NEIGHBORHOODS
IN MAPPING SUCH FACILITIES CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN TO MAKE SURE THAT RESIDENTIAL AREAS
ARE PROTECTED FROM OBJECTIONABLE USES BY PHYSICAL BARRIERS OR UAER BUFTCRS THESE

VI
19 0 654 613 18 9 488 904 9093 1364
150 5 20 0 170 5
REQUIRED
AREA 1967 413 321 1206 224 468 526 790 868 190 1058
COMERCIAL ACRES FACILTES DISTRC
TOTAL CBD
IN
RETAIL BUSINES TOTAL
11
TABLE
LES
CITY CONVEIC COMPARISON FRESTANDIG OTHER SERVICES PARKING ADITONAL TOTAL CENTRAL CBD
IIF

IN

JI

II

NUMBERED AREAS
MAJOR RETAIL AREAS
SEE APPENDIX

FIGURE EXISTING MAJOR COMMERCIAL CONCENTRATIONS

VI J14
AI WOULD BE DISTRIBUTED THROU THE CITY BUT ARE NOR INDICATED ON TIE PIAN DUE TO
THETI SMALL AREA MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA OF 5000 SQUARE FEET
TO PER OUTLET IS PROPOSED
PREVENT LARGE SCALE OPERATIONS THE AMOUNT OF LAND DESIGNATED FOR THIS
SHOULD BE LIMITED TO THE REALISTIC PURPOSE
NEED FOR SUCH FACILITIES AND LOCATED IN AREAS WHERE
THEY CANNOT DISTURB RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE
CONVENIENCE SHOPPING AREAS SHOULD BE PERMITTED IN THIS DISTRICT

COMMUNITY FACILITIES ARE LOCATED ON MAJOR STREETS PAST DEVELOPMENT HAS RESULTED
IN ELONGATED COMMERCIAL STRIPS THE LACK OF UNIFIED DEVELOPMENT OF SUCH FACILITIES
FINDS GENERAL DEFICIENCY IN PARKING FACILITIES THE PATTERN PROPOSED IS NOT
DRASTIC CHANGE BUT IT DOES PROPOSE REDESIGN OF SUCH
FACILITIES CONSOLIDATION AND
MORE EFFICIENT USE OF THE COMMERCIAL AREAS
COMMUNITY RETAIL FACILITIES ARE
COMPARABLE TO THE CATEGORIES OF COMMERCIAL USES OF THE
PROPOSED CONVENIENCE
SHOPPING AREAS BUT THEY WOULD NOR BE LIMITED AS TO FLOOR AREA
CONSEQUENTLY
LARGER TRADE AREA WOULD BE COVERED AND MORE
AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC MAY BE ANTICIPATED
SUCH USES COULD BE TO
DISRUPTIVE NEIGHBORHOOD BUFFERS SHOULD BE PROVIDED
BETWEEN THEM AND RESIDENTIAL
USES

TWO CATEGORIES OF COMMUNITY RETAIL FACILITIES ARE SHOWN ON THE PLAN THE SMALLER
CATEGORY INDICATES FACILITIES OF LESS THAN 15 ACRES CATEGORY INDICATES
FALILITTES WITH AREAS
LARGER DIFFERENCES WOULD ALSO INVOLVE THE TYPES OF ACTIVITIES
GENERALLY THE SMALLER AREA WOULD CONCENTRATE ON THE
CONVENIENCE SHOPPING CATEGORY
AS SUPER MARKETS WHILE THE
LARGER AREAS WOULD INCREASE THEIR RELIANCE ON
COMPARISON SHOPPING ACTIVITIES SUCH AS APPAREL AND HOME
FURNISHINGS THE LARGER
CATEGORY IS DISTINGUISHED ON THE PLAN AND IS BASED ON THE
MAJOR OR TRADITIONAL
SHOPPING AREAS OF THE CITY

WHERE EITHER SMALL OR LARGE


COMMUNITY RETAIL AREA IS INDICATED BUT THE EXISTING
COMMERCIAL ACTIVITY IS LESS THAN
HAVE THE POTENTIAL OF
COMMUNUY LEVEL IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT THOSE AREAS
REACHING THE LEVEL INDICATED PART OF THAT POTENTIAL
IN THE CONSOLIDATION WOULD REST
OF SCATTERED RETAIL FACILITIES AND IN MAKING THE AREA ATTRACTIVE
FOR SHOPPERS

REGIONAL COMMERCIAL FACILITIES WOULD ATTRACT CUSTOMERS FROM


REGIONAL LEVEL AND
WOULD INCLUDE LARGE SCALE COMMERCIAL
OPERATIONS SUCH FACILITIES WOULD INCLUDE
BOTH INDIVIDUAL OUTLETS STANDING BY THEMSELVES AND GROUPINGS OF OUTLER ADDED TO
THE PERMITTED USES WOULD BE THOSE
CLASSIFIED IN THE
FREESTANDING CATEGORY SUCH AS
MOTELS AUTOMOBILE SALES AND BUILDING MATERIALS WHICH ATTRACT CUSTOMERS
THE COMMUNITY LEVEL BEYOND
OTHER REGIONAL FACILITIES SHOULD BE CONSIDERED AS SUCH BUT
WILL REQUIRE SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS THE DELAWARE AVENUE AND THE
FILLMORE AREAS ARE CONSIDERED REGIONAL IN
BROADWAY
SCOPE BUT EACH AREA HAS INDIVIDUAL
CHARACTERISTICS IN ADDITION TO THEIR LEVEL OF SERVICE
SUCH CHARACTERISTICS SHOULD
BE FURTHER DEVELOPED AND
PERMITTED USES IN THOSE AREAS SHOULD DIFFER
FROM THE GENERAL
CATEGORY OF REGIONAL COMMERCIAL THE DOWNTOWN
IS ALSO
AREA WHICH IS TREATED SEPARATELY
REGIONAL AREA THAT REQUIRES SPECIAL
REGULATIONS

PART OF THE COMMERCIAL


COMM REQUIREMENTS OF THE CITY WILL BE MET IN MIXEDUSE
ACTIVITIES
IN SUCH AREAS WOULD
AREAS
EMPHASIZE CONVENIENCE SHOPPING AND
PERSONAL AND BUSINESS SERVICES MIXED COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL USES IN CERTAIN
AREAS IS CONSIDERED TO BE DESIRABLE
HOWEVER THE MIXTURE OF SUCH USES WILL REQUIRE
SPECIAL CONSIDERATION AND CONTROL

VTL
COMR
COMMUNITY
THGIOFL3L
COMNOSITE IIXED USES
CCNUR BUSINESS DISTRICT
CBD FI
CORE C3D PEAESTRIAFL CORE

L1GU CC PLAN
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION THE PLAN PROPOSES AN ORDERLY DISTRIBUTION OF

PR
COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENT PLANS FOR INDIVIDUAL
COMPONENTS ARE OUTSIDE
THE SCOPE OF THIS PLAN BUT SHOULD BE
WITHIN COMPREHENSIVE PLAN FOR THE
ENTIRE CITY PROBLEMS EXISTING CAN BE RESOLVED
BY PURSUING THE FOLLOWING GOALS

COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES SHOULD BE CONSOLIDATED INTO CENTERS


ENHANCEMENT OF THE APPEARANCE OF FACILITIES AND THE PROVISION
OF ADDITIONAL PARKING
DISTINGUISH BETWEEN NEIGHBORHOOD AND
COMMUNITY TRADE
MODERNIZE OLDER RETAIL ESTABLISHMENTS
PROVIDE SHOPPING AMENITIES

THIS SECTION OF THE


COMMERCIAL PLAN DEALS WITH COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES OUTSIDE THE
CENTRALBUSINESS DISTRICT THE IMPORTANCE OF BUILTIN MARKET FOR SUCH FUNDAMENTAL
NEEDS AS FOOD WILL HELP
SUPPORT THE PLAN THE DOWNTOWNAREA WHICH IS COVERED
SEPARATELY CALLS FOR EFFORTS TO CAPTURE ITS
POTENTIAL COMMERCIAL MARKET ITS
RETAIL MARKET IS IN THE FIELD OF
PRIMARILY COMPARISON SHOPPING WHERE CUSTOMERS
MUST BE ATTRACTED TO FAR GREATER DEGREE THAN FOR CONVENIENCE SHOPPING

THERE IS NOT ANY NEED FOR ADDITIONAL COMMERCIAL GROUND IN THE AREA OF THE
CITY
OUTSIDE THE DOWNTOWNAREA IN FACT THE CITYHAS ENOUGH LAND DESIGNATED FOR
COMMERCL
PURPOSES FOR CITY OF WELL OVER 700 000 PERSONS THIS FIGURE DOES NOT INCLUDE
VACANT LAND DESIGNATED FOR INDUSTRIAL USES WHICH ALSO COULD BE USED FOR COMMERCIAL
PURPOSES AN OVERAB4NDANCE
OF COMMERCIALLY DESIGNATED LAND CAN HAVE
DETERIORATING EFFECT IN THE CITY IMPROVEMENT IN THE EXISTING SYSTEM IS REQUIRED
WITH AN EMPHASIS ON CONSOLIDATION OF USES AND THE OF USES
DISTINGUISHING THE
FULFILLMENT OF THIS GENERAL PLAN WILL
RELY LARGELY ON THE INITATION AND IMAGINATION
OF BUSINESS
COMMUNITY
FT
USESREGION OUTLES OF
SQ RETAIL SERVICES PEOPLE TRAVEL
COMERCIAL SUBTANIL INDVUAL GROUPING OUTLES 250 0 LARGE TRADE
SCALE LARGE SCALE AND
REGIONAL SERVE M30 0 INUTE LIMIT
LARGE SIZE TO OF OR TO OVER 30 TIME NO
FL
SERVICES AREAS FE T AND
ACOMERCIAL CTIVES
BE
TO
FROM TOTAL FRE PEOPLE TRAVEL
SHOULD
SERVICE SCALE COULD SQFTPER SQUARE SCALE SERVICES LES
TYPE
BY
LOCAL SMAL WHICH OBJECTINAL RESIDNTAL OCATION BUFERD RESIDNCES
BE 10 0 SMAL STANDI G USESRETAIL
30 0 MINUTE
TO 15

OR
TIME ACRE
SCALE NE DS BUT FT
AREAS PERSONAL AT THE HEAVY SQ SOME SHOPING SERVICES
AND PEOPLE TRAVEL
COMERCIAL COMERCIAL RETAIL BUSINES SERVICES SERVECOMUNITY EXCLUDING SERVICE
USES
AND SCALE ACRES
AND TO OF
10 0
TO LARGE CONVSHOPING COMPARISON PERSONAL BUSINES 300 MINUTE
TO 15 TIME 530
PRO SED AND
FLO R TOTAL AND
PCONVEI C ERSONAL SERVICES
TH
RETAIL BUSINE S NEIGHBOR D TIME
PER FE T
OF
S E R V I N G PERSONSTRAV
CONVEIC SCALE
AND FT
SQ SQUARE SCALE
10 0 MINUTE
LES
CHARTEIS
OR
SMAL PERSONAL SERVICES IMEDAT 250 50 0 SMAL SHOPING BUSINES TO ACRE
12 SPACE AREA AREA
TABLE DESCRIPTON FLO R DUTLES TRADE GROUND
COMERCIAL ACREAGE 19 2 1038 1373 1 67 1 29 511 1506 19 4 1609 1214 1364 1 69 1606
COMUNITY
BY 1970
ACREAGE POULATION THOUSAND 305 433 392 538 318 469 656 53 309 468 121 565 4627
IN
COMERCIAL BASE
AND
COMERCIAL ACREAGESTUDY 196 1038 1420 1 5 1 12 495 1312 1869 1656 1 93 1364 1 17 15697
POULATION 1963
POULATION THOUSAND ESTIMAED
OF
320 460 410 580 350 520 700 120 380 530 130 580 5080
DISTRBUON
IN
BUFALO RIVER BUFALO
AI EAST SIDE DEIAV N SIDE
TABLE RIVESD NORTH NORTH WEST ELMWO D MA3TEN EAST CENTRAL ELICOT EAST BUFALO SOUTH TOTAL
APPENDIX
EXPLANATIONS OF DISPOSITION
OF PERSONAL INCOME
RETAIL SALES AND SELECTED
SERVICES

THE DISTRIBUTION OF PERSONAL INCOME IS PRESENTED IN


GRAPH FORM
IN PIGURE BL DISPOSIBLE PERSONAL INCOME IS BASED ON PROJECTED
PERSONAL INCOME LESS TAXES AND CERTAIN INFLEXIBLE NONTAX PAYMENTS
EXCLUDING SAVINGS PERSONAL CONSUMPTIVE EXPENDITURES REMAIN
WITHIN THIS CATEGORY PLOTTED EXPENDITURES FOR RETAIL SALES
AND SELECTED SERVICES LEFT IS CATEGORY LABELED OTHER PERSONAL
EXPENDITURES WHICH WOULD INCLUDE ITEMS AS TRAVEL EDUCATIONAL AND
MEDICAL EXPENDITURES PROJECTIONS ON GRAPH BASIS WOULD PROVE
INADEQUATE ON THEIR OWN DUE TO THOSE CONSIDERATIONS WHICH ALTER
GRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FOR EXAMPLE AS DISPOSABLE PERSONAL INCOME
INCREASES THE PERCENTAGE SPENT ON RETAIL SALES WILL DECREASE
HOUSING UNITS AS BASIS OF SPENDING PATTERNS WERE NOT USED TO
BUILD ESTIMATES DUE TO THE PATTERN OF CHANGE OF SUCH UNITS IN
THE CITY OF BUFFALO OVER THE LAST 20 YEARS PERSONS PER
HOUSING
UNIT DROPPED FROM 337 PERSONS TO 284
PERSONS THE RELATIONSHIP
BETWEEN PERSONAL INCOME AND EXPENDITURES WAS FELT TO BE MORE
CONCRETE MEASUREMENT THAN INCOME OF HOUSEHOLD UNITS FOR THE
CITY
OF BUFFALO CONSIDERATIONS USED IN THE PLOTTING OF THE DISPOSITION
OF PERSONAL INCOME ARE DESCRIBED IN THE TEXT THE GRAPH WAS PRE
PARED TO VISUALLY PRESENT VARIOUS PROJECTIONS IN RELATION TO ONE
ANOTHER ARID AS CONTROL DEVICE
AN IH
AN
IN
MILLIONS
SMSA
10000

FIGURE BL DISPOSITION
OF PERSONAL INCO

YI
APPENDIX CONTINUED
EXPLANATIONS OF DISPOSITION
OF PERSONAL INCOME
RETAIL SALES AND SELECTED
SERVICES

RETAIL TRADE CATEGORIES ARE COMPOSED OF TYPES OF TRADE THAT ARE


SIMILAR IN CUSTOMER ATTRACTION CONVENIENCE SHOPPING INCLUDES
THE SALE OF ITEMS THAT MAY BE CONSIDERED AS CONTINUALLY NECESSARY
AND WHICH REQUIR LITTLE COMPARISON ON THE PART OF THE PURCHASER
THEY ARE USUALLY WITHOUT TRAVELING SIGNIFICANT DISTANCE
COMPARISON SHOPPIPG INCLUDES THOSE ITEMS FOR WHICH THE PURCHASER
WILL TRAVEL SOME ISTANCE TO OBTAIN THE SPECIFIC ITEM HE DESIRES
FREESTANDING COMMERCIAL TRADE INCLUDES THOSE OUTLETS WHICH GENERATE
UFFICIENT TRADE TO STAND BY THEMSELVES THE CONVENIENCE SHOPPING
GROUP INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING GROCERY MEAT FISH FRUIT VEGETABLE
CANDY BAKERY EATING DRINKING DRUG AND PROPRIETARY STORES THE
COMPARISON SHOPP GROUP INCLUDES THE FOLLIWNG DEPARTMENT VARIETY
GENERAL MERCHAN CLOTHING ACCESSORY FUR SHOE FURNITURE
HOME FURNISHINGJ AND APPLIANCE STORES THE FREESTANDING CATEGORY
INCLUDES BUILDING MATERIALS BUILDING SUPPLIES MOTOR VEHICLE
DEALERS TIRE BATTERY AND ACCESSORY RETAIL OUTLETS AS WELL AS
GASOLINE SERVICE STATIONS THE CATEGORY LABELED OTHER RETAIL
INCLUDES LIQUOR ANTIQUE SECONDHAND SPORTING GOODS JEWELRY
FUEL ICE FLORIST CIGARETTE AND MAIL ORDER OUTLETS SELECTED
SERVICES LISTED ARE GROUPED BY THOSE REQUIRING COMPARABLE SPACE
REQUIREMENTS THE FIRST GROUP LABELED PERSONAL AND BUSINESS
SERVICES INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING LAUNDRY CLEANING PRESSING
LINEN SUPPLY DIAPERBEAUTY BARBER PHOTOGRAPHIC SHOE REPAIR
AND FUNERAL SERVICES ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE WINDOW CLEANING
STRUCTURE AND BUILDING DISINFECTING AND EXTERMINATING MANAGEMENT
CONSULTING STATISTICAL PUBLIC RELATIONS INTERIOR DECORATING
CREDIT AND COLLECTION DUPLICATING MAILING STENOGRAPHIC EMPLOYMENT
RESEARCH TESTING DETECTIVE PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT LEASING PHOTO
FINISHING TRADING STAMP TEMPORARY HELP SIGN PAINTING AND

MOBILE II
ANSWERING SERVICES THE SECOND GROUP LABELED REPAIRS
THE FOLLOWING
TOP AND BODY AUTO PAINTING
GENERAL AUTOMOBILE
AND AUTO
REPAIR AUTO
BATTERY AUTO GLASS BRAKE WHEEL
AXLE SPRING EXHAUST AND AUTOMOBILE TRANSMISSION REPAIR SERVICES
AUTOMOBILE PARKING VEHICLE RENTAL AND AUTOMOBILE WASHING SERVICES
ELECTRICAL RADIO TELEVISION REFRIGERATOR REUPHOLSTERY FURNITURE
WATCH CLOCK JEWELRY WELDING LAWNMOWER KNIFE TOOL AND SEWER
REPAIR SERVICES THE THIRD GROUP LABELED HOTELS AND RECREATION
INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING HOTELS MOTELS MOTION PICTURES AMUSEMENT
RECREATION ORCHESTRAS ENTERTAINERS THEATRICAL BOWLING BILLIARD
POOL DANCE HALLS DANCE SCHOOLS COMMERCIAL SPORTS AND SKATING
SERVIVES

VI21
APPENDIX
MAJOR COMMERCIAL AREA

FIGURE PAGE VI14 INDICATED THE FOLLOWING EXISTING MAJOR


COMMERCIAL CONCENTRATIONS

TONAWANDAQNTARIO HUNT TO CROWLEY 36 OUTLETS

DELAWARE PARKING SHOPPING CENTER PLAZA19 OUTLETS OF 64700 SQ FT


HERTEL AVENT WALLACE TO COLVIN 55 OUTLETS

KENMORE AVENUE NEAR ENGLEWOOD TWO SMALL PLAZASLO OUTLETS


49000 SQ FT

CENTRAL PARK PLAZA 26 OUTLETS 265000 SQ FT

BAILEYKENSINGTON LANGFIELD TO STOCKBRIDGE 58 OUTLETS


PART OF PLAZA LOST TO EXPRESSWAY

CLEVELAND HJLL PLAZA 14 OUTLETS 80000 SQ FT

GRANT STREET HAMPSHIRE TO LAFAYETTE 38 OUTLETS INCLUDING


WEST SIDE 4AZA OUTLETS 75000 SQFT
NIAGARA STREET VIRGINIA TO PENNSYLVANIA 30 OUTLETS

10 ELMWOODUTIC BRYANT TO ANDERSON 17 OUTLETS

11 JEFFERSONUTICA NORTHAMPTON TO WOODLAWN 47 OUTLETS

12 GENESEEMOSELLE BARTHEL TO KOONS 42 OUTLETS

13 JEFFERSONWILLIAM PLAZA UNDER CONSTRUCTION 60000 SQ FT

14 BROADWAYFI1LXR REED TO LOEPERE 80 OUTLETS

15 LOVEJOY IDEAL TO DAVEY 15 OUTLETS

16 SOUTH PARK CHICAGO TO HAYWARD OUTLETS

17 CLINTON WEISS TO FENTON 18 OUTLETS

18 SENE PRINCETON TO INDIAN CHURCH RD 38 OUTLETS

19 SOUTH PARK SOUTH BIDE TO CHOATE 12 OUT1

VJ 22
PT THE PRESENT TIME THE CONTINUED DEVELOPMENT OF COMMERCIAL FACILITIES
PROCEEDS WITH LITTLE DIRECTION OFTEN NEW COMMERCIAL FACILITIES
CONFLICT WITH OLDER ESTABLISHED DEVELOPMENTS AND THE ECONOMIC
STRENGTH OF THE NEWER FACILITY
COUUTNANITY CORE NEWER FACILITIES
HAS
TENDTI
DAMAGING EFFECT ON AN OLD
THE PROFITABLE
ASPECTS OF THE OLDER CORE AREAS BUT DO NOT SUPPLY THE OTHER URBAN
VALUES OFTEN INHERENT IN THE OLDER CENTERS

BESIDES REPRESENTING WASTE OF LAND THE LACK OF CONTROLLED DEVELOP


MENT HAS TENDENCY TO LEAVE OBSOLETE COMMERCIAL STRUCTURES STANDING
AS REPLACEMENT FACILITIES ARE BUILT IN OTHER LOCATIONS THIS TENDENCY
CAN INTRODUCE BLIGHTING INFLUENCES ON RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS

REVITALIZATION OF THE OLDER COMMUNITY COMMERCIAL AREAS SHOULD OCCUR


AND IMPROVEMENTS MADE WITHIN THEM THE CONSOLIDATION OF EXISTING
COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES SHOULD BE STRESSED GENERALLY POPULATION HAS
DECLINED IN AREAS ADJACENT TO THE OLDER COMMERCIAL AREAS IT WOULD
BE DESIRABLE TO SEEK NEW RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION IN AREAS OF OLD
STRIP COMMERCIAL ZONING TO ASSIST IN PROVIDING RESIDENTIAL SUPPORT
FOR REMAINING COMMERCIAL AREAS MORE ATTRACTIVE EXTERIORS AND
GENERAL REHABILITATION PROGRAM SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN IN THESE OLD
CORE AREAS ALONG WITH THE SEEKING OF NEW CONSTRUCTION IMPROVED
PEDESTRIAN AMENITIES AND OFFSTREET PARKING FACILITIES SHOULD BE
PROVIDED IN STRATEGIC LOCATIONS

THE BEST WAY TO COMPETE WITH COMMERCIAL FACILITIES ESPECIALLY


THOSE IN SUBURBAN AREAS WHICH HAVE DRAWN SHOPPERS AWAY FROM CITY
FACILITIES IS TO PROVIDE AN ENVIRONMENT FOR SHOPPERS THAT IS
MORE ATTRACTIVE PHYSICALLY AND SOCIALLY THAN THAT OFFERED BY
SHOPPING PLAZAS URBAN OR SOCIAL FACILITIES BEYOND STRICTLY
COMMERCIAL NEEDS SHOULD BE PROVIDED

44

ASS

VI23
APPENDIX

FIGURE D1 PROPOSED
RAPID TRANSIT STATIONA

FL

SPECIAL REGULATIONS PERMITTING THE PLANNED DEVELOPMENT OF RESIDENTIAL


AND COMMERCIAL USES IN AREAS ADJACENT TO THE STATIONS OF THE PROPOSED
RAPID TRANSIT LINE WILL BE REQUIRED LAND USE REGULATIONS SHOULD BE
FLEXIBLE ENOUGH TO PERMIT INDIVIDUAL CONTROL AT EACH STATION THE
LARGE PUBLIC INVESTMENT IN THE TRANSIT FACILITY WARRANTS SPECIAL
PUBLIC CONTROLS
endstreamendobj
CONTENTS

THE LONG RANG PLAN

FOREWORDGOALSAND OBJECTIVES
SUMMARY OF THE CONCEPT PLAN FOR DOWNTOWNBUFFALO
REGIONAL CONTEXT
DOWNTOWNDEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES
DESIGN PRINCIPLES AND DYNAMIC OF THE PLAN

EXISTING AND FUTURE PREDOMINANT LAND USE PATTERNS


10 RAPID TRANSIT AND THE MALL
11 NEW RETAIL SPACE
12 STREETS AND PARKING
13 NEW OFFICE SPACE
14 CONVENTION CENTER COMMUNITY COLLEGE HOTELS HOUSING

THE MAIN STREET MALL

18 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES


20 THE MAIN STREET MALL PLAN
28 MALL STRUCTURE
30 POTENTIAL NEW RETAIL SPACE
30 SERVICES TO MAIN STREET RETAIL STORES

TRANSPORTATION AND TRANSIT

32 GOALS AND OBJECTIVES


33 THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM IN THE REGIONAL CONTEXT
35 THE STREET SYSTEM
37 PARKING
38 PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IN DOWNTOWN

THE CONVENTION CENTER

40

THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE

44

CUD HOUSING AND THE DOWNTOWNPEILPHERY


AN INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

46

TIMING AND NEXT STEPS

48
FOREWORD INCREASE THE CAPACITY OF THE PRIME MOVE NOWTOWARD

THIS PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES ACHIEVING THESE GOALS IS TO


IS PLAN TO REVITALIZE
DOWNTOWN BUFFALO TO ACCOMMODATE MAXIMUM IMPLEMENT THE PLAN IF THE PLAN IS
IT IS RESPONSE
EXPECTATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT
TO THE AWARENESS OF CITY LEADERS IMPLEMENTED THERE IS EVERY REASON
GROWTH TO ANTICIPATE BRIGHT FUTURE FOR
THAT THE FUTURE OF BUFFALO CITY LIES
THE REGIONAL CENTER AND SPINOFF
IN THE HEALTH OF ITS CENTER CITY IF PLAN THE ARRANGEMENTOF
BUFFALO CITY IS TO REMAIN FUTURE LAND USES JUDICIOUSLY TO ADVANTAGES TO THE ENTIRE REGION
FISCALLY
THESE ADVANTAGES HAVE BEEN
SOLVENT IF IT IS TO OFFER THE HIGH PERMIT THE PROPER LOCATION OF NEW
SERVICES NECESSARY TO SUBSTANTIATED BY THE INSPIRING
LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT
EXAMPLES OF SEVERAL OTHER
MAKE IT AN ATTRACTIVE AND HUMANE
PROVIDE AND LOCATE SUFFICIENT
THEN REGIONAL CENTERS PLANNED AND
PLACE TO LIVE MAJOR EFFORT
PARKING SPACE TO AVOID RETARDING THE COUNTRY SUCH
WILL HAVE TO BE MADE TO DEVELOP DEVELOPED IN
NEW PRIVATE AND PUBLIC ACTION GIVES THE PEOPLE OF
DOWNTOWN TO ITS FULL POTENTIAL IT
CITY
DEVELOPMENT SENSE OF BELONGING FEELING OF
WILL HAVE TO BE MAINTAINED NOT ONLY
LOCATE NEW PUBLIC PRIDE AND CONCERNAND
AS GROWING MARKETPLACE BUT AS
THE ADMINISTRATIVE AND CULTURAL IMPROVEMENTS SO THAT SPACE FOR INVOLVEMENT IT BECOMES THE LIFE

CENTER OF THE REGION STRONG NEW PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT IS NOT LINE OF CITY CONVERSELY WITHOUT
IT WITHOUT ACTION THE CITY WILL
ACTIVE AND VISUALLY EXCITING PREEMPTED
WITHER
THE PLAN OUTLINES THOSE ELEMENTS PURSUE VIGOROUSLY DEVELOPMENT
WITH DOWNTOWN
NECESSARY TO ACCOMPLISH THESE COMPATIBLE
ENDS THE PROPOSALS ARE INTER ACTIVITIES THAT MIGHT OTHERWISE
LOCATE ELSEWHERE
LOCKING THEY ARE INTENDED TO WORK REGION
IN THE

TOGETHER IN PRODUCING AN AREA WITH MAKE PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT


CRITICAL MASS THAT CAN BRING
THROUGHOUT DOWNTOWN AS
NEWACTIVITIES TO DOWNTOWN AND
COMFORTABLE AS POSSIBLE PROVIDING
EXPAND THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL ALLWEATHER PASSAGES WHEREVER
LIFE OF THE CITY
POSSIBLE

STATED SPECIFICALLY THE MAJOR


PROTECT AND PRESERVE BUILDINGS
GOALS FOR DOWNTOWN ARE SEVEN OR THAT HAVE HISTORIC
SPACES OR
POINT PROGRAM AS FOLLOWS TO
ARCHITECTURAL VALUE
INCREASE THE NUMBER AND VARIETY

OF JOBS AVAILABLE DOWNTOWN TO EXPLOIT OPPORTUNITIES FOR

INCREASE RESIDENTIAL OPPORTUNITIES CREATING NEW AND EXCITING PUBLIC

CLOSE TO JOBS AND SOCIAL ACTIVITIES SPACE AND BUILDING FORMS


TO INCREASE CITY TAX REVENUE PROMOTE GOOD DESIGN IN THE
TO MAINTAIN DOWNTOWNSROLE
CREATION OF NEW BUILDINGS
AS THE ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER OF THE

THE LEVEL AND 10 ENCOURAGE THE LOCATION OF


REGION TO RAISE

INCREASE THE SCOPE OF DOWNTOWN NEW BUILDINGS AT POINTS THAT


REINFORCE THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OF
SERVICES FOR THE BUFFALO METRO
TO ATTRACT AS ACTIVITIES
POLITAN AREA
DIVERSIFIED MIX OF MUTUALLY 11 ENHANCE THE INTEREST OF

SUPPORTING ACTIVITIES BUSINESSES DOWNTOWN BY IMPORTING


AND PEOPLE AS POSSIBLE TO
COMPLEMENTARY FUNCTIONS FOR
SEEK OUT AND PROMOTE PROGRAMS EXAMPLE CONVENTION AND
AND PROJECTS IN THE CITY AND EXHIBIT HALL WHICH CAN BE VISITED

REGION THAT ARE COMPATIBLE WITH AT THE SAME TIME


DOWNTOWN GOALS
12 LOCATE FUNCTIONS DOWNTOWN
THE ABOVE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES THAT GENERATE ACTIVITY DURING OFF
WILL BE REALIZED ONLY IF THEY ARE PEAK HOURS SUCH AS CONVENTION
SUPPORTED BY PUBLIC POLICY THAT IS FACILITIES AND THEATERS
KEYED TO THE FUTURE OF DYNAMIC
13 PROMOTE THE DEVELOPMENT OF
DOWNTOWN IT WILL TAKE FAR
CENTRAL COMMUNITY COLLEGE
SIGHTED APPROACH TO MANY PUBLIC
ACCESSIBLE BY PUBLIC TRANSIT TO
IDEAS AND DECISIONS FROM
SERVE THE REGIONAL CENTER
AESTHETICS TO LAND USE TO ACTIVITIES

IN ORDER TO SAFEGUARD OR ENHANCE


THE OVERALL PLAN THE FOLLOWING
POLICY IMPLICATIONS ARE VITAL TO THE
ENTIRE PROGRAM
THE INVESTMENT CLIMATE REPRESENTS ADDITIONAL ANNUAL
SUMMARY OF THE CONCEPT PLAN FOR
PROPERTY TAX REVENUES OF
ESTABLISHMENT THE APPROPRIATE
OF
DOWNTOWNBUFFALO INVESTMENT CLIMATE IN DOWNTOWN APPROXIMATELY 6900000 OR AN

BUFFALO WILL PRODUCE MAJOR


INCREASE OF ROUGHLY 85 OVERTHE

FRAMEWORKFOR THE CONTINUING CHANGE IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA OVER


PRESENT 8200000 PROPERTY TAX
REVENUES IN DOWNTOWNADDITIONAL
THE NEXT TWENTY YEARS THE POTENTIAL
RENAISSANCE OF DOWNTOWN FOR CHANGE IS WHENVIEWED
RETAIL SALES WILL REPRESENT 60 TO
STARTLING
EO000OOO PER YEAR OVER PRESENT
AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF THE
DOWNTOWN RETAIL SALES OR NEARLY
DECLINE OF DOWNTOWN IN THE POST
WORLDWAR II YEARS THIS CHANGE HAS 50 ADDITION TO PRESENT GROSS
RETAIL SALES ADDITIONAL RETAIL SALES
HAS ALREADY BEGUN IT GIVES EVERY
INDICATION OF CONTINUING WITH STRONG
TAXES WILL BE ABOUT 2700000
LEADERSHIP TO INSURE THAT STRONG THREE ARE
IMPORTANT INGREDIENTS
ACTIONS ARE TAKEN IN THE IMMEDIATE REQUIRED TO TRIGGER THIS NEW
FUTURE
GROWTH THESE INCLUDE THE

THE PLAN PROJECTS NEW TOTAL GROSS BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR HIGH

SPEED TRANSIT LINE WITH STATIONS


INVESTMENT OF APPROXIMATELY
INTEGRATED THE MALL SYSTEM TO
INTO
450000000 OVER THE NEXT 20
ALLOW COMMUTERS TO GO FROM HOME
YEARS 285000000 OF THIS AMOUNT
TO SHOPPING OR OFFICE DESTINATIONS IN
IS REPRESENTED BY NEW OFFICE SPACE
NEW RETAIL SPACE WILL REPRESENT PLEASANT YEARROUND ENVIRONMENT
AN ANCILLARY ALLWEATHER AIR
ROUGHLY 25000000 OF NEW
CONDITIONED MALL ON MAIN STREET
INVESTMENT PUBLIC OFFICE SPACE
BETWEEN GENESEE AND CHURCH
75000000 AND HOTELS 45000000
STREETS AND THE REMOVAL OF ALL

WHEN PUT INTO THE CONTEXT OF VEHICULAR TRAFFIC ON MAIN STREET IN

ANTICIPATED REGIONAL GROWTH THESE THIS AREA AND INCREASES IN

ARE REASONABLE EVEN CONSERVATIVE PARKING SUPPLY TO KEEP PACE WITH


ESTIMATES BASED ON ANTICIPATED NEW GROWTH RESULTING IN 20000
POPULATION INCREASES IN THE REGION NEW PARKING SPACES
OFFICE SPACE IN THE REGION IS

EXPECTED TO RISE AT ABOUT MAJOR ELEMENTS AT THE PLAN


PER YEAR DOWNTOWN CONSERVATIVELY SMOOTHLY OPERATING MOVEMENT
COULD CAPTURE ABOUT 35 OF THIS
SYSTEM INTEGRATING PEDESTRIAN RAPID
GROWTH PER YEAR SINCE IT IS ALREADY TRANSIT AND VEHICULAR FOR THE
TRAFFIC
THE ADMINISTRATIVE HEADQUARTERS FOR
PURPOSE OF INCREASING THE TOTAL
THE REGION IN TERMS OF RETAIL GROWTH NUMBER OF DAILY TO DOWNTOWN
TRIPS
AN INCREASED CAPTURE OF 33 OF AND INCREASING THE RATIO OF RAPID
REGIONAL SALES SHOPPING GOODS TRANSIT TO AUTO TRIPS
TRIPS
ONLY IS NOT AN UNREASONABLE

EXPECTATIONIF DOWNTOWN PRODUCES THE NEW DOWNTOWN MALL FOR THE

AN ENVIRONMENT COMPETITIVE WITH PURPOSE OF CREATING PLEASANT

SUBURBAN SHOPPING MALLS ITS ALLWEATHER ENVIRONMENT TO REVIVE

VARIETY AND MANY OTHER QUALITIES DOWNTOWN RETAIL SALES

AND ADVANTAGES CANNOT BE


AN INCREASED PARKING SUPPLY
DUPLICATED IN SUBURBAN SHOPPING AND EXPRESSWAY
RELATED TO THE STREET
MALLS WHEREAS DOWNTOWN CAN
SYSTEM IN SUCH WAYAS TO REDUCE
DUPLICATE THE FACILITIES FOUND IN
THE TRAFFIC ON THE DOWNTOWN
SUBURBAN MALLS
STREET SYSTEM
THESE NEW INVESTMENTS TRANSLATED
NEW OFFICE SPACE DEVELOPMENT
INTO FLOOR SPACE EQUAL APPROXIMATELY INDUCED BY THE ENVIRONMENT
13275000 SQUARE FEET OF NEW CREATED BY THE FIRST THREE ELEMENTS
SPACE IN THE DOWNTOWN BY 1990
DESCRIBED ABOVE TO INCREASE THE
7830000 SQUARE FEET OF THIS ECONOMIC HEALTH OF THE CITY
GROWTH IS NEW PRIVATE OFFICE SPACE OF BUFFALO
2500000 SQUARE FEET IS PUBLIC
OFFICE SPACE FOR FEDERAL STATE AND
LOCAL GOVERNMENT USE NEW RETAIL

SPACE IS ABOUT 1030000 SQUARE


FEET NEW HOTEL SPACE 1370000
SQUARE FEET ALL OF THIS GROWTH
THE MOVEMENT SYATEM ALMOST 750 SURFACE SPACES WILL BE NATURALLY IF NEW DEVELOPMENT SLOWS VARIOUS MECHANISMS FOR EQUITABLY
ELIMINATED EACH YEAR THE PLAN DOWN THE CITYS COMMITMENT RATE DISTRIBUTING THESE COSTS ON PROPERTY
THE PROPOSED BUFFALOAMHERST
CALLS FOR REPLACEMENT OF THESE 750 WILL ALSO SLOW OWNERS AND MERCHANTS HAVE BEEN
CORRIDOR TRANSIT LINE IS AN IMPORTANT
PER YEAR PLUS 250 PER YEAR OR WORKED OUT IN MANY OTHER CITIES AND
INGREDIENT TO THE SUCCESS OF THE PARKING IS ESSENTIAL TO THE PLAN THE
1000 NEW SPACES YEAR OVER THE THE BEST OF THEM CAN BE ADAPTED
DOWNTOWNPLAN THE BULK OF THE COMMUNITY HAS THE MECHANISM FOR
HE NEXT 20 YEARS IN BUFFALO
COST OF THE HIGH SPEED TRANSIT LINE THROUGH CITY LEADERSHIP
FINANCING
IT AND IT WILL HAPPEN
QUASIPUBLIC CORPORATION CAN
WOULD BE ASSUMED BY COUNTY CITY THE NOW HAS WORKABLEAND
AL CITY AS DEVELOPMENT OCCURS
PROCEED TO THE NEXT STEP OF MORE
AND OTHER ADJOINING MUNICIPALITIES SUCCESSFUL PARKING FORMULA THE USE
FUNDAMENTAL FACT LOCAL DETAILED PLANNING AND DESIGN
FEDERAL FUNDING AND THE PRESENT OF CITY BONDS WITH SPECIAL PRIVATE

ALREADY EARMARKED FOR GOVERNMENT WILL NOT PAY THE COST DEVELOPMENT
LY
MORTGAGE TAX BACKUP FOR ANY SPECIAL SUBSIDIES
THE USERS PARKERS AND BUSINESSES
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENTS NECESSARY BECAUSE OF EXTRA COSTS NEW OFFICE SPACE
WHO BUY AND BENEFIT FROM THE
ES
FOR UNDERGROUNDOR COMPLICATED
OTHER INCREASES IN TAX RATEABLES SPACES ARE THOSE WHO PAY PRIVATE OFFICE SPACE IS EXPECTED
BUILDING REQUIREMENTS MAIN PLACE
ALONG THE LINE PLUS THE INCREASES IN
ANTICIPATED RATE STRUCTURES FOR TO INCREASE BY 78 MILLION NEW
AND THE NEW MARINE MIDLAND OFFICE
OTHER TAX SOURCES RESULTING FROM MARINE MIDLAND REFLECT THIS FACT SQUARE FEET ABOUT 15 MILLION
TOWER DEVELOPMENT ARE EXAMPLES
DOWNTOWNGROWTH TRIGGERED BY THE EMPLOYEE PARKING IS 50 FOR THE SQUARE FEET OF THIS IS ALREADY
OF SUCH SPECIAL SITUATIONS
PLAN INCLUDING AUGMENTED RETAIL FIRST HOUR 30 FOR THE SECOND AND PROGRAMMED MARINE MIDLAND AND
SALES TAXES UTILITY TAXES ETC CURRENT PLANS AND NORMAL DOWNTOWN 20 FOR EACH ADDITIONAL HOUR THE UTILITYCOMPANIES NEW PUBLIC
WOULD BE NET ADDITIONS TO THE CITYS GROWTH WILL ELIMINATE 6000 PRESENT SHOPPER PARKING RATE STRUCTURES OFFICE SPACE TOTALING 25 MILLION IS
TAX POSITION OFFSTREET PARKING SPACES 3000 SHOULD BE LOWEST IN THE FIRST HOUR EXPECTED TO BE BUILT OVER THE NEXT
FROM THE WATERFRONT AND 3000 AND RISE TO 20 YEARS ROUGHLYONE MILLION
OTHER MAJOR BENEFITS OF THE ALLDAY DISCOURAGE
FROM OTHER BUILDING SITES PROGRAMMED
PARKERS WITH MERCHANTS SUBSIDIZING SQUARE FEET IS ALREADY
IN MOVEMENT SYSTEM ENVISIONED BY THE
ONLY AS THEY SEE IT INDIVIDUALLY TO
ANT PLAN RESULT FROM THE INTEGRATION OF ANOTHER 3000 LEGAL ONSTREET IN TERMS OF INCOME TO THE CITY NEW
THEIR BENEFIT THIS WOULD APPLY ONLY
RAPID TRANSIT STATIONS AND PARKING SPACES AND 6000 ILLEGAL ONSTREET PRIVATE OFFICE
SPACE DEVELOPMENT
TO STRUCTURES IMMEDIATELY ADJACENT
STRUCTURES WITH THE PEDESTRIAN MALL SPACES REDUCE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF WILL ACCOUNT FOR THE LIONS SHARE OF
TO THE SHOPPING AREA
SYSTEM PROVIDING SMOOTH THE PRESENT AND PROPOSED STREET THE APPROXIMATELY 6900000 TOTAL

TRANSITION FROM AUTOMOBILE TO THE SYSTEM THESE ARE PROPOSED TO BE THE DOWNTOWNMAIN STREET ANTICIPATED ADDITIONAL DOWNTOWN
PEDESTRIAN SYSTEM AND FROM TRANSIT ELIMINATED THE TOTAL REDUCTION OF MAIL AND RETAIL SALA PROPERTY TAXES ANNUALLY NEW
STOPSTOTHEALLWEATHERPEDESTRIAN SPACES ADDS UP TO 15000 PRIVATE OFFICE ACCOUNTS FOR GREAT
CURRENT RETAIL SALES DOWNTOWN ARE
SYSTEM PREPONDERANCE POSSIBLY AS MUCH
CURRENT COSTS OF THESE SPACES AT AT ABOUT 40 MILLION

BASED ON GREATLY INCREASED TODAYS PRICES WOULD BE ABOUT


SIYEAR IF
THE MERCHANTS PROPERTY QWNERSAND
AS 80 OF THESE TAXES THEREFORE

AGAIN IT SHOULD BE STRESSED THAT ONE


OWNTOWNACCESSIBILITY THE IMPACT 70 MILLION AT AN AVERAGE OF 3500 CITY TAKE STEPS ENVISIONED IN THE
OF THE MAIN PURPOSES OF THE RAPID
THE RAPID TRANSIT LINES ON PER SPACE AS COSTS WILL GO UP PLAN SALES WILL RISE TO BETWEEN 200
TRANSIT THE MALL AND PARKING
DOWNTOWN WILL RESULT IN THE RATES WILL NECESSARILY ALSO RISE TO 220 MILLION AS DOWNTOWN
NT ACTIOES PROPOSED IS TO CREATE THE
FOLLOWING ATTRACTS ITS SHARE OF REGIONAL
ID THE MARINE MIDLAND COSTS PER ENVIRONMENT AND INVESTMENT CLIMATE
RETAIL SALES GROWTH
INCREASED RETAIL MARKET POTENTIAL SPACE ARE HIGHER THAN 3500 AND IN WHICH THIS NEW PRIVATE OFFICE

OF BETWEEN AND 13 BECAUSE THE ARRANGEMENT IS THAT MARINE THE DOWNTOWN MAIN STREET MALL DEVELOPMENT CAN TAKE PLACE
INCREASED NIIMBERS OF PEOPLE MIDLAND WILL ABSORB ALL COSTS OVER AND THE PROPOSED SUBWAY ARE KEY
CONCLUSION
DOWNTOWN WHAT THE USER CHARGESSUPPORT ELEMENTS IN MAKING THIS 60 TO

REDUCTION OF
THEREFORE THE USE OF CITY BONDS IS 80 MILLION GROWTH POSSIBLE IT IS THAT THE CITY ADMINISTRATION AND
LONG TERM PARKING
CONVENIENCE THAT DOES NOT COST ESTIMATED THAT THE MALL ALONE WILL OTHER LEADERSHIP GROUPS IRT THE
DEMAND BY 3500 SPACES
THE CITY ITSELF ANYTHING INCREASE PRESENT SALES BY 20 OR DOWNTOWN MUST SUPPLY THE IMPETUS
10 DECREASE IN PEAK HOUR 28 MILLION NEW DEPARTMENT IN MOBILIZING DOWNTOWN FOR ACTION
AT THE RATE OF 1000 SPACES YEAR
TRAFFIC ON THE DOWNTOWN STREET STORE IS PROPOSED IN PRESENT IS AXIOMATIC BUT IF THAT LEADERSHIP
THE CITY WILL PUT UP BONDS OF TO
SYSTEM LAFAYETTE SQUARE BOTH TO TAKE ISSUPPLIED THE REWARDS FOR BUFFALO
MILLION YEAR ON EITHER
ADVANTAGE OF THIS POTENTIAL AND TO WILL BE GREAT THROUGH CONCERTED
MARKED INCREASES IN SERVICE REVENUE OR NODOWNPAYMENT BASIS
AY HELP GENERATE THE ENVIRONMENT THAT PROGRAM INVOLVING RELATIVELY LITTLE
AND CONVENIENCE
ACTUALLY MARINE MIDLAND HAS WILL MAKE IT
POSSIBLE THE TOTAL COST TO THE CITY EXCEPT IN TERMS OF

PARKING ALREADY ACCOUNTED FOR 560 SPACES COSTS IN CURRENT 1970 DOLLARS OF THE LEADERSHIP THE CURRENT IMAGE OF

AND WHEN COMPLETE WILL ACCOUNT FOR MALL ARE 85 MILLION THESE TOTAL DOWNTOWN CAN BE REVERSED
THE BASIC CONCEPT OF THE MOVEMENT
1500 OF THE 20000 SPACES IN COSTS CAN BE SUPPORTED BY AN PLEASANT AND EXCITING PHYSICAL
SYSTEM IS BALANCE BETWEEN MASS
ADDITION 1800 MORE SPACES ARE INCREASE OF ONLY 12 MILLION IN ENVIRONMENT ESTABLISHED NEW AND
TRANSIT AND THE AUTOMOBILE
UNDER SERIOUS CONSIDERATION EG RETAIL SALES TAX 08 INCREASE FAVORABLE CLIMATE FOR INVESTMENT

THE PARKING ELEMENT OF THE PLAN CITY COURT RAMP AND ANOTHER OVER PRESENT SALES AND ONLY 20 CREATED AND THE TAX PICTURE RADICALLY

PROPOSES 20000 NEW PARKING 1000 SPACES ARE IN EARLY PLANNING OF THE ANTICIPATED INCREASE OF 60 ALTERED

SPACES IN STRUCTURES OVER THE NEXT MILLION IN 1970 DOLLARS IT SHOULD BE


IT IS EVIDENT THAT DOWNTOWNS
NOTED THAT THESE FIGURES DO NOT
II 20 YEARS OR 1000 SPACES YEAR
ACHIEVEMENT RATE IS ALREADY WELL INCLUDE INCREASES IN EITHER COSTS OR
THIS REPRESENTS NET ADDITION OF AHEAD OF THE NECESSARY PACE OF
REVENUES RESULTING FROM PRICE
SPACES OF ONLY 5000 AN INCREASE 1000 NEW SPACES PER YEAR ESCALATIONS OR INFLATION
OF 18 OVER THE PRESENT STOCK

II
THE REGIONAL CONTEXT

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO LIES AT THE DOW


EASTERN END OF LAKE ERIE AT THE
OPPC
ENTRANCE TO THE NIAGARA RIVER IT

THE
WAS IN ITS EARLY HISTOR THE MAJOR
LOW GI
TRANSSHIPMENT POINT TO AND FROM
OTHER
THE WEST ON THE LAKES AND WAS THE

JUNCTION FIRST WITH THE ERIE CANAL NEVER


AND LATER WITH THE RAILROADS SOM
CAPTUR
HEAVY INDUSTRY SUBSEQUENTLY GREW
RESULT
TO THE NORTH AND SOUTH OF WHAT IS
POTENT
NOWDOWNTOWNMANUFACTURERS USED
POTENT
THIS GEOGRAPHICAL POINT TO REDUCE
DOUBLI
CIA NCE HIGH BULKLOW VALUE RAW MATERIALS
MALL SHIPPED FROM THE WEST INTO HIGH
990
VALUELOW BULK PRODUCTS TO BE
SHIPPED EAST THE STEEL AND GRAIN HE

PRODUCTS INDUSTRIES ARE EXAMPLES DEMO

AS PO
CONSEQUENCE OF THIS HISTORY
DOW
DOWNTOWN IS LOCATED ASYM
WHET
METRICALLY TO THE URBANIZED AREA OF
HOW
THE REGION THIS FACT HAS BOTH
DESIGN
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES
ENVIRO
THE POTENTIAL AMENITY OF PROXIMITY
ITS GRO
TO THE LAKE IS AN ASSET WHICH CAN
STADIUM
MIA BE AND IS BEING EXPLOITED ON THE
OTHER HAND ITS POSITION PUTS IT IN

SOMEWHAT WEAK POSITION TO TAP

POTENTIAL RETAIL MARKETS THIS


DISADVANTAGE CAN BE OVERCOME BY
IMPROVING DOWNTOWNSACCESSIBILITY
TO THE REGION CURRENT AND

PROPOSED TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES

WILL IMPROVE ITS POSITION

LAKE ONTARIO

OA

PROPOSED MAJOR REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS


BUILDING LIFE EXPECTANCY

THOSE AREAS IN DOWNTOWN BUFFALO


WHERE DEVELOPMENT MIGHT OCCUR
WITH THE LEAST COST AND LEAST
OF IMPORTANT ACTIVITIES
RN DISRUPTION

WERE DETERMINED BY THE


INVESTIGATION OF THE PHYSICAL
CHARACTERISTICS AND FUNCTIONA
ACTIVITIES OF ALL BUILDINGS THE
PURPOSE OF THIS INVESTIGATION WAS
TO DESCRIBE THOSE AREAS WHERE

NEW DEVELOPMENT COULD OCCUR WITH


LEAST DISRUPTION TO EXISTING

ACTIVITIES AND WHERE LAND COULD BE


ASSEMBLED AT RELATIVELY LOW COST

ALL NONRESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS WERE


EVALUATED ON THE BASIS OF THE

FOLLOWING CRITERIA

IN

IT

EXISTING STRUCTURES EXISTING GLYONS

4W

YR
141

LONGRANGE GIVENS

III
MIDDLERANGE GI
COMMITTED DEVELOPMENT

OTI PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT


FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS EXISTING GIVENS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

THE PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS


DOWNT
CONSIDERED IN EVALUATING THE LIFE
OPPOI
EXPECTANCY OF ALL BUILDINGS IN THE
THE
DOWNTOWN PROJECT AREA WERE
LOW GR
MAJOR CRITERIA OTHER
BUILDING HEIGHT NUMBER OF STORIES
NEVER
BUILDING SIZE GROSS SQUARE FEET
SOM
HISTORIC VALUE
CAPTUR
OTHER CONSIDERATIONS BEING EQUAL RESULT

HIGH BUILDINGS AND LARGE BUILDINGS POTEN


ARE MORE RESISTANT TO CHANGE THAN POTEN
LOW BUILDINGS AND SMALL BUILDINGS DOUBL

AND THEREFORE HAVE GREATER LIFE IN DO


EXPECTANCY HISTORICBUILDINGS ARE 1990
CONSIDERED VALUABLE TO THE CITY AND
THE IL

THUS JUDGED RESISTANT TO CHANGE


DEMO
MINOR CRITERIA
POTEN
FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION DOWN
ENCLOSED ELEVATORS WHET
BUILDING AGE HOW
VISUAL IMPORTANCE DESIG
ARCHITECTURAL SIGNIFICANCE ENVIRC

THE EVALUATION OF EACH BUILDING BY


ITS GR

111111 II THESE CRITERIA PROVIDED THE BASIS

FOR DETERMINING THE EXPECTED LIFE OF


LIII
DLIII ID EACH BUILDING AND ITS SUSCEPTIBILITY

TO CHANGE

FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS

THE ACTIVITY FUNCTION OF EACH

LJL STRUCTURE

BASIS OF
WAS EVALUATED ON THE
ITS IMPORTANCE
DOWNTOWN BUFFALO AREA AND ON
TO THE

ITS EXPECTED LIFE IN THE PARTICULAR

STRUCTURE THIS WAS DONE ON THE


BASIS OF DETAILED SURVEY OF
DOWNTOWN ACTIVITIES

FACTORS USED IN THIS EVALUATION

WERE AS FOLLOWS

EVALUATION OF FUNCTIONS AND


USES BY CITY OFFICIALS

NUMBERS OF PEOPLE EMPLOYED

ACTIVITIES IMPORTANT TO THE


ECONOMIC BASE
UNIQUE ACTIVITIES

SPECIALTY SHOPS
INSTITUTIONAL USES
PARKING FACILITIES

SUITABILITY OF BUILDING FOR THE


USE OCCUPYING IT

GENERAL AREAS OF NEW DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES


DOWNTOWNDEVELOPMENT 160 160

OPPORTUNITIES
II
HE BUFFALO REGION HAS RELATIVELY
IM
ROW GROWTH RATE COMPARED TO MANY ASG6ONSL
OTHER REGIONS IN THE COUNTRY

NEVERTHELESS WHEN TRANSLATED INTO OJO II


SOMEWHAT CONSERVATIVE POSSIBLE

CAPTURE RATE FOR DOWNTOWNTHE


RESULTS CONSIDERABLE EXPANSION
POTENT AL FOR DOWNTOWNTHIS
POTENTALCOULDEASILYRESULTIN
60
80
DOUBL NG OF THE PRESENT FLOOR AREA 262
220
DOWNTOWNBETWEEN 1970 AND
173
1990 139

DOWNTOWN
THE ILUSTRATIONS ON THIS PAGE
DEMONSTRATE GRAPHICALLY THE GREAT ISSO WE IEEO IGGO WE IGEO BEE
JI POTENTIAL FOR
GROWTH THAT EXISTS FOR
DOWNTOWN THE PROBLEM IS NOT PROJECTED RETAIL SALES 197090 PROJECTED OFFICE AND CLERICAL PROJECTED GOVERNMENTAL
HETHER DOWNTOWN WILL GROW BUT
EMPLOYMENT 197090 EMPLOVMENT 197090
HOWTHE DOWNTOWN CAN BE
DESIGNED TO PRODUCE AN
ENVIRONMENT WHICH WILL MAXIMIZE
60THOIMAND ENMLOVEES 14 MIECRI SAUSRE FEET
ITS GROWTH

RE
12
INCREASE

600 IQ
432

400

ID
11

II
300

1FI ULI
II J200

LI
II

II
II
100

EI
II
II
LI

II
PROJECTED EMPIJWMENT 197090
2DL
EMPLO 197090 SR 197090
II
DOWNTOWNDEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES

II

II
DESIGN PRINCIPLES AND
DYNAMICS PLAN SYS

THE BASIC PRINCIPLE OF THE PLAN IS THE


TO USE PUBLIC INVESTMENTS IN PUBLIC THE
FACILITIES IN CONNECTED MUTUALLY IS TH

SUPPORTIVE WAY TO PRODUCE AN CONR


ENVIRONMENT AND INVESTMENT TRAN
CLIMATE CONDUCIVE TO LARGE SCALE OFFIC

PRIVATE INVESTMENT IN THE DOWNTOWN MAJ


AND THUS IMPROVE THE CITYS TAX IN TL

BASE
NE
PUBLIC INVESTMENT WILL BE PRIMARILY INTO

IN THE AREA OF TRANSPORTATION AND SYST

MOVEMENT SYSTEMS THESE ARE TO CON


BE DESIGNED AND LOCATED TO PED
PRODUCE CONTINUOUS AND
SEQUENTIAL CHAIN OF EVENTS AND
EXU
FACILITIES WHICH WILL
ALLOW PEOPLE TO FUTL

EXPRESSWAYS SERVE DOWNTOWN GO TO AND FROM THEIR DESTINATIONS


MASS TRANSIT SERVES DOWNTOWN PAT
IN CONVENIENT PLEASANT SAFE
VISUALLY COHERENT WAY DO
ZEC
THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF THE AND
MOVEMENT SYSTEM ARE THK
MAI
RAPID TRANSIT
LAFE

RAIL SUBWAY RAPID TRANSIT LINE AND


IS MAJOR FEATURE OF THE DOWNTOWN WID
PLAN IT IS INTENDED TO REDUCE SHO
AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC TO DOWNTOWN DO
PROVIDE AT TRANSIT STOPS AN EXCITING DEP
ENTRANCE INTO DOWNTOWNTHE FIRST OTH
INSTALLATION SYSTEM IS THE
OF THE IMP
BUFFALOAMHERST LINE ULTIMATELY ADD
THE SYSTEMIS PROPOSED TO BE FOR
COMPLETED BY THE ADDITION OF THE INHI

KENMOREAIRPORT LINE
PU
HIGHWAYS SYS
REAL
THE HIGHWAY AND EXPRESSWAY WHI
SYSTEM MAXIMIZES ACCESS TO FOR
EXPRESSWAYS FEED INTO PARKING STRUCTURES MASS TRANSIT SERVES THE MALL AND MAJOR USES DOWNTOWN AND ALLOWS THE RELATIVELY
ATTN
SMALL NUMBER OF DRIVERS WISHING TO

DOWNTOWN TO DO SO THE
BYPASS EASILY
BE
DEPRESSED EXPRESSWAY BETWEEN
ELM AND OAK STREETS ORIGINALLY TEN
RATI
PROPOSED IN THE NIAGARA FRONTIER
INTE
TRANSPORTATION STUDY IS BEING RE
EXAMINED THE CONSULTANTS INVE

RECOMMEND SURFACE FACILITY MO

PARKING

NEW PARKING STRUCTURES BUILT TO

KEEP PACE WITH DEMAND FOR SPACE


ARE TO BE LOCATED TO INTERCEPT
DOWNTOWNBOUND TRAFFIC BEFORE IT

PENETRATES THE DOWNTOWN STREET


NETWORK

PARKING STRUCTURES FEED INTO THE MALL THE MALL CONNECTS NEW PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT
THE PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT ONE OF THE CENTRAL OBJECTIVES OF THE

SYSTEM AND THE MAIN STREET MALL PLAN IS TO ESTABLISH NEW LAND USE

PATTERNS AND STRENGTHEN EXISTING


THE KEY ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURE OF
THE DOWNTOWN MOVEMENT SYSTEM ONES NOT THROUGH SPECIFICATION OF

THE MAIN WHAT USES WILL GO ON WHAT SITES BUT


IS THE MALL IT IS

CONNECTIVE ELEMENT BETWEEN RAPID BY GUIDANCE OF THE MARKET


RATHER

MECHANISM BY PRUDENT PUBLIC


TRANSIT PARKING SHOPPING AND
INVESTMENT THERE IS FOR EXAMPLE
OFT CES AS WELL AS FORMING THE
NO INTENTION IN THE PLAN OF SETTING
MAJOR CIVIC PLACE FOR PEDESTRIANS
UP PROHIBITION OR SPECIFICATION OF
THE CITY
CERTAIN USES ON CERTAIN SITES BUT TO
NEW PRIVATE BUILDINGS WOULD TIE
RELYON THE MARKET TO DETERMINE
NTO THE PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT THE APPROPRIATE USES THE USES
3SYS EM IN ORDER TO PRESERVE
SHOWN ON VARIOUS SITES IN THE
CONT NUITY IN THE DOWNTOWN SUCCEEDING PAGES ARE NOT INTENDED
PEDESTRIAN SYSTEM TO RESTRICT FROM
DEVELOPERS
PROPOSING AND CARRYING OUT

FUNCTIONAL AREAS AND ALTERNATE USES BUT RATHER TO REFLECT


EXISTING

FUTURE PREDOMINANT LAND USE WHAT WOULD APPEAR TO BE


PATTERNS MARKETABLE USES FOR THOSE SITES

DOWNTOWNIS PRESENTLY CHARACTER THE PLAN IS INTENDED TO BE HIGHLY

ZED BY SOMEWHAT DISCONNECTED FLEXIBLE TO ALLOW MANY ACTIVITIES TO

OCCUR IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA


AND SCONTINOUS PATTERN OF USES
TH TO THE TO BE HIGHLY RESPONSIVE TO
APPLIES PARTICULARLY

MAN STREET CORE


SHOPPING PARTICULAR DEVELOPERS SENSE OF

SQUARE GENESEE STREET WHAT IS MARKETABLE AND TO PROVIDE


LAFAYETTE
AND THE DIVISION STREETS INTRODUCE FRAMEWORKWITHIN WHICH MANY
DE BREAKS IN THE OF THE OPPORTUNITIES ARE POSSIBLE
CONTINUITY

SHOPPING FRONTAGE IN MAIN STREET


DOWNTOWNFRAME USES SUCH AS
EXISTING PREDOMINANT LAND US
DEPARTMENT STORE WAREHOUSES AND
OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES PREEMPT
MPORTANT AND VALUABLE SITES AND
ADD TONALLY REDUCE THE POTENTIAL
FO AN INVITING STREET QUALITY THUS
JI NH TING DEVELOPMENT
RETAIL AND OFFICE CORE
PUB INVESTMENT IN THE MOVEMENT

SYS EM WILL HOWEVER PRODUCE OFFICES

REALGNMENT OF VALUES SO THAT SITES ENTERTAINMENT RETAIL

WH CH AT PRESENT SEEM UNDESIRABLE


HOTEL VISITOR FACILITIES
TO DEVELOPMENT WILL BECOME HIGHLY
MIXED USES OFFICES SERVICES
ATTRACTIVE IN THE FUTURE
RESIDENTIAL
TI THE FUTURE PATTERN OF LAND USES WILL RESIDENTIAL
BE MUCH MORE COMPACT AND WILL
GOVERNMENTAL
TEND TO REALIGN ITSELF ALONG MORE
II ONAL LINES INSTITUTIONAL EDUCATIONAL HEALTH
RAT AS RESULT OF AN RELATED
RELIGIOUS RESIDENTIALLY
NTEGRATED APPROACH TO PUBLIC COMMERCIAL
NVESTMENT IN ELEMENTS OF THE
WAREHOUSING DISTRIBUTION
MOVEMENT SYSTEM WHOLESALING SERVICES
II

II

II

11

PREDOMINANT LAND USE CONCEPT PLAN


II
III RAPID TRANSIT AND THE MALL

VWW
TWO UNES ARE PROPOSED FOR
REGIONAL PUBLIC RAIL RAPID TRANSIT

SYSTEM RAIL SYSTEM HAS THE

ADVANTAGES OF MINIMIZING AIR

POLLUTION AND MAXIMIZING PEAK


HOUR CAPACITY IN THE DOWNTOWNIT

CAN BE IN SUBWAY IN THE DOWNTOWN


AREA WHICH ALLOWS THE POSSIBILITY
OF DESIGNING MAXIMUM AMENITY INTO

THE MAIN STREET MALL FURTHER IT

ALLOWS THE LINE TO BE DESIGNED AS

PART OF THE MALL


THE FUTURE SECOND LINE THE

KENMOREAIRPORT LINE WOULD CROSS


THE BUFFALOAMHERST LINE IN WHAT IS
EF NOW LAFAYETTE SQUARE
THE STOPS ON BOTH LINES SERVE
THE FIVEMAJOR CLUSTERS OF ACTIVITIES
IN THE DOWNTOWNNORTH MAIN STREET

LAFAYETTE SQUARE SOUTH MAIN


STREETCATHEDRAL THE COMMUNITY
COLLEGE AND THE GOVERNMENTCENTER

THE MALL WILL STRETCH FROM JUST NORTH

OF CHIPPEWA STREET TO MAIN PLACE

MALL ON THE SOUTH IT WILL HAVE


EXTENSIONS EAST AND WEST ON HURON

STREET COURT STREET LAFAYETTE

SQUARE AND EAGLE STREET THE


EXTENSIONS WILL CONNECT TO THE
CONVENTION CENTER MAJOR OFFSTREET

PARKING FACILITIES THE TRANSPORTATION

CENTER BUILDING LOBBIES AND STORES


THE MA WILL BE COVERED
ALLWEATHER FACILITY HEATED AND
MW AIRCONDITIONED

3U THREE SUBWAY STOPS WILL BE WITHIN


THE MALL ITSELF TWO ON THE
BUFFALOAMHERST LINE THEATER

EDW BETWEEN CHIPPEWA AND HURON


STREETS AND LAFAYETTE SQUARE
WHICH ALSO WILL BE STOP ON THE
KENMOREAIRPORT LINE

1113 1118

TOTAL 877 TOTAL 877

WORK
TRANSIT 300 501 TRIPS 520 702

PRIVATE SHOPPER
AUTO 439 528 TIIPS 357 411

THE PUBLIC DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK TRANSIT AND THE MALL

NFTA PROPOSED RAPID TRANSIT LINE TRANSIT STATION 600 WALKING RADIUS
MODE 1970 1990 PURPOEE 1970 IWO

POTENTIAL FUTURE RAPID TRANSIT LINE PERS TRIPSDAYOOO


MAIN 197 1990
10 BUS ROUTES WITH FUII RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM STREET MAIL
RETAIL SPACE
THE MALL REPRESENTS MAJOR
INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY FOR RETAIL

INVESTORS IN DOWNTOWN BUFFALO IT

PROVIDES FACILITY WHICH TIES

TOGETHER THE DOWNTOWN RETAILING


FUNCTION OVERCOMING THE DISABILITIES
GSFLSSS
OF DISCONTINUITY AND VULNERABILITY
TO WEATHERPRESENTLY CHARACTERIZING
DOWNTOWN AS SHOPPING
ENVIRONMENT

MASS TRANSIT CONSOLIDATES THE


ENVIRONMENT PRODUCED BY THE MALL
BY PROVIDING FAST EASY ACCESS TO
DOWNTOWN FROM DISTANT PARTS OF THE

REGION AS WELL AS THE CLOSEIN


AREAS OF THE CITY

THE QUALITIES AND AMENITIES


PRODUCED BY THESE FEATURES WILL

VASTLY IMPROVE THE COMPETITIVE

POSITION OF DOWNTOWN WITH


RESPECT TO OTHER INVESTMENT

OPPORTUNITIES IN THE REGION

WUU RETAIL INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES IN

THE DOWNTOWN AREA ASSOCIATED WITH

THE MALL ARE SHOWN IN THE MAP AT

THE LEFT IT IS IMPORTANT TO


UNDERSTAND THAT THOSE AREAS SHOWN

AS OPPORTUNITY AREAS DO NOT MEAN


THAT EXISTING FACILITIES WOULD
NECESSARILY BE REPLACED BUT THAT
BECAUSE OF THE IMPROVED

ENVIRONMENT INCREASED RETAIL SALES

ACTIVITY WILL INDUCE IMPROVEMENTS TO

OCCUR PRIMARILY IN THE AREAS

DESIGNATED THESE CHANGES WILL

HAPPEN MAINLY AS RESULT OF MARKET


ACTION RATHER THAN GOVERNMENTAL

ACTION

22
2O

113

TO

1970
02 POTENTIAL RETAIL SPACE 197090

TOTAL 1990 22 MINION FT

NEW DEMAND 08
MAC
REPLACEMENT 03
411
PRIVATE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES RETAIL
EXIATING TO REMAIN 11

RETAIL INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY AREA


MEO
MAN STREET MALL SPACE DEVELOPMENT
RETAIL
JOS
PROGRAM 197090
JILL STREETS AND PARKING

CHANGES IN THE DOWNTOWN


ENVIRONMENT BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE
CONSTRUCTION OF THE MALL AND MASS
TRANSIT WILL BE REINFORCED BY CHANGES
IN THE STREET PATTERN AND ADDITIONS

TO THE OFFSTREET PARKING SUPPLY THE

PRIMARY PURPOSE OF THESE FACILITIES

IS TO SERVE DOWNTOWNACTIVITIES
THE INTENTION IS TO AVOID THE

TENDENCY FOR TRAFFIC IMPROVEMENTS TO

OBLITERATE THE VERY USES THEY ARE


MEANT TO SERVE IT DOES NOT MAKE IT

EASY AND CONVENIENT FOR ALL POSSIBLE


MOVEMENT TO OCCUR IN DOWNTOWN

CROSSTOWNTHROUGH TRAFFIC IS

CONFINED TO TWO CHANNELS IT IS

EXPECTED THAT THE THROUGH TRIP

DRIVERSWILL GO AROUND DOWNTOWN

AND THOSE BOUND TO DOWNTOWN


WILLBE SIPHONED OFF INTO PARKING

STRUCTURES PRIOR TO PENETRATING

DEEPLY INTO THE CORE AREA STREET


USED TO
SYSTEM THIS PRINCIPLE IS

PRODUCE TRAFFICFREE PEDESTRIAN

PRECINCT IN THE RETAIL CORE

THE ELMOAK EXPRESSWAY AS


ORIGINALLY PROPOSED IN THE NIAGARA
FRONTIER TRANSPORTATION STUDY
PROVIDES FOR AN EXCESS CAPACITY FOR
THROUGH TRAFFIC AN ATGRADE FACILITY
MIGHT SERVE AS WELL WITH LESS COST

TO THE PUBLIC

PARKING STRUCTURES HAVE BEENSHOWN


ON LOCATIONS PERIPHERAL TO HIGH

HIS VALUE ORD SITES THESE ARE


SUGGESTED LOCATIONS TO DEMONSTRATE

THE LOCATIONAL PRINCIPLE FOR FUTURE

GA PARKING SUPPLY

TOTAL 325

NEW
PWY TO 280 ES DEMAND 45

STREET 181 RAMPS 50

PUBLIC DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK STREETS AND PARKING WEGALETC STREET LOTS 80

LIMITED ACCESS EXPRESSWAYS LOCAL STREETS

ARTERIALS OFTSTREET PARKING FACILITIES


MAJOR
IARRING PACES UUUSJ
12 COILECTORDISTRIBUTOR STREETS
NEW OFFICE SPACE
SITES FOR NEW OFFICE BUILDINGS IN

THE DOWNTOWN ARE SHOWN CLUSTERING

IN MAJOR AREAS NORTH MAIN


FOUR

STREET CENTRAL MAIN STREET SOUTH


MAIN STREET AND AROUND CITY HALL
IN THIS AREA NEW OFFICE BUILDING

DEVELOPMENT IS EXPECTED TO BE
PREDOMINANTLY GOVERNMENTAL

IT IS EXPECTED THAT THE MARKET WILL

GOVERN THE LOCATION OF SPECIFIC SITES


THE REASON FOR SHOWING LOCATIONS
IS TO DEMONSTRATE THAT VISUALLY

COHERENT DESIGN FOR DOWNTOWN IS


POSSIBLE DEVELOPERS MAY FIND IT

EXPEDIENT TO DO SOMETHING ELSE


UNDER THE DICTATES OF SPECIFIC

SITUATION BUT THE PLAN SHOWS THAT


THE OPPORTUNITY EXISTS SITE CAN BE
RELATING THE BUILDING
TO DOWNTOWN PEDESTRIAN SYSTEM

THE LOCATION OF NEW GOVERNMENTAL


FOLLOWS THE TREND SET BY

BUILDINGS THIS TREND


HAS BEGUN TO ESTABLISH MAJOR
GOVERNMENT CENTER IN

DOWNTOWN INCLUDING FEDERAL


COUNTY AND CITY FUNCTIONS

30

GLONAI
GPII

UIUIII

POTENTIAL OFFICE SPACE 197090

OTYOF BUFFALO ERIE COUNTY

AA II
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES OFFICES

IE PRIVATE OR PUBLIC

MAIN STREET MALL


OFFICE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY
NEW TBRK STATE

PROJECTED GOVERNMENTAL OFFICE


GO 1970
FEDERAL
80 90

SPACE 197090
CONVENTION CENTER COMMUNITY
COLLEGE HOTELS HOUSING
TRANSPORTATION CENTER

NUMBER OF SPECIAL ACTIVITIES ARE

PLANNED IN DOWNTOWN APPROPRIATE


TO ITS ROLE AS THE REGIONAL CENTER
THE BASIC OBJECTIVE AS WITH MOST

OF THE OTHER DOWNTOWN ELEMENTS

CAPABLE OF RESPONSE TO THE INITIATIVE

OF PUBLIC POLICY IS TO ASSEMBLE IN

DOWNTOWN GROUP OF ACTIVITIES AND

FUNCTIONS WHICH REINFORCE ITS

STRENGTH AS THE CULTURAL AND


ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER OF THE REGION

ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THESE

ISTHE PROPOSED CONVENTION CENTER


EMS
TO BE LOCATED IN THE BLOCK BOUNDED

BY COURT FRANKLIN MOHAWKAND


PEARL STREETS THIS STRATEGIC LOCATION

OFFERS IMMEDIATE ACCESS TO THE

STATLERHOTEL THE COURT STREET


PARKING RAMP THE MALL AND THE
MASS TRANSIT SYSTEM

THE NEW COMMUNITY COLLEGE SITED

IN THE SOUTH MAIN STREET AREA IS

AN IMPORTANT ADDITION TO DOWNTOWN


ITS CONVENIENT LOCATION WILL ALLOW

AFTER HOURS AND EVENING COURSE

STUDIES TO BE PURSUED BY THE


DOWNTOWN WORK POPULATION THE

LARGEST SINGLE
WORK FORCE
CONCENTRATION IN THE REGION

CONVERSELY WORKSTUDY COURSE


ARRANGEMENTS CAN BE MOST EASILY
ACCOMMODATED IN THIS LOCATION FOR

FULLTIMECOMMUNITY COLLEGE
STUDENTS THE CONVENIENT ADJACENT

STOP ON THE MASS TRANSIT WILL


SYSTEM

SIGNIFICANTLY REDUCE PARKING


DEMAND AND HELP REDUCE TRAFFIC
VOLUMES ON THE HIGHWAY SYSTEM

NEWHOTELDEMANDWILLBEGENERATED
BY THE CONVENTION CENTER THE
INVENTORY OF AVAILABLE HOTEL ROOMS
HAS DECLINED SIGNIFICANTLY IN RECENT

YEARS IN DOWNTOWN BECAUSE OF STRICT

CODE ENFORCEMENT THIS DEMAND


FOR HOTEL SPACE IS EXPECTED TO
RESULT IN TWO OR THREE FIRSTRATE
HOTELS IN DOWNTOWN BY 1980

AS THE REVITALIZATION OF DOWNTOWN


OCCURS IT WILL BECOME AN ATTRACTIVE

PLACE TO LIVE INCREASING NUMBERS


OF PEOPLE WILL BEGIN TO SEEK LIVING

111111 SPACE APARTMENTS OR REHABILITATED


IN

HOUSING IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA

NEW TRANSPORTATION CENTER IS TO BE

SPECIAL ACTIVITIES IN THE REGIONAL CENTER BETWEEN THE ELMOAK


BUILT

EXPRESSWAY AND THE MALL ON THE


BLOCK BOUNDED BY ELLICOTT NORTH
PUBLIC FACILITIES
HOTELMOTEL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITY OAK AND CLINTON STREETS
DIVISION
COMMERCIALENTERTAINMENT DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITY RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITY

14
II

ERIE COUNTY

47

1970 1980 1990


HOTEL AND MOTEL UNIT PROJECTIONS
197090

TOTAL 1990 42 THOUSAND UNITS

II

TO REMAIN 12
EXISTING

HOTEL AND MOTEL DEVELOPMENT


PROGRAM 197090
PRESENT SKYLINE
THE PROFILE OF THE DOWNTOWN TAKEN

THROUGH MAIN STREET LOOKING EAST


IS BEING TRANSFORMED BY THE RISING
STRUCTURE OF THE MARINE MIDLAND

BUILDING AT MAIN AND SWAN STREETS


AT 40 STORIES IT WILL BE THE TALLEST

STRUCTURE ON THE NIAGARA FRONTIER

OC
VI

FUTURE SKYLINE
THE FUTURE SKYLINE WILL SEE CLUSTERS
OF HIGH RISE OFFICE BUILDINGS
DEVELOP ALONG MAIN STREET WITH

CONCENTRATIONS JUST TO THE NORTH OF


THE BUFFALO SAVINGS BANK AT

LAFAYETTE SQUARE AND IN THE MARINE

MIDLAND AREA

MU
ETATS
NOISVD HCRUHC NOISVD NAWS ACEN S EGNAHCXE YN YAWURHT T OCS YR EP OLAFUB REVIR
NOISVD HCRUHC NOISVD NAWS ACEN S EGNAHCXE ETATS YAWURHT
YN T OCS YR EP OLAFUB REVIR
MAIN STREET MALL

THE MALL PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTIVES


POLICY STATEMENT BY THE THE COMMITTEE STUDIED CAREFULLY PLANNING AND BUIRDING OF

MALL COMMITTEE THE PLANS FOR THE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE AND TO MANAGE IT AFTER COMPLETION THE MALL DESIGN IS BASED ON THE

OF THE MALL AS PREPARED BY THE UNDER CONTRACT WITH THE CITY PRINCIPLE THAT IF AN ENTIRELY NEW
THERE IS ONLY ONE REALISTIC CREATED DOWNTOWN
CONSULTANTS THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE IT IS ALSO SUGGESTED THAT THE ENVIRONMENT IS

ALTERNATIVE FOR RETAILING ACTIVITIES IN


MALL TO EXISTING BUILDINGS TO MANAGEMENT OF THE CONVENTION THE RETAIL GROWTH NOW BEING
DOWNTOWN BUFFALO THAT IS TO
CENTER AND DUAL PROMOTION OF BOTH SIPHONED OFF TO REGIONAL SHOPPING
PROPOSED NEW CONSTRUCTION WITHIN
CONTINUE TO BE SUCCESSFUL CENTERS CAN BE RECAPTURED
AND OUTSIDE OF THE MALL AND THE CONVENTION CENTER AND THE MALL
DOWNTOWN MUST BE PREPARED TO
PARTICULARLY TO THE PROPOSED RAPID BE UNDERTAKEN BY THIS CORPORATION DOWNTOWNTHE FIRST QUESTION IS
OFFER TO SHOPPERS AN ENVIRONMENT
TRANSIT SYSTEM ARE MATTERS OF PRIME AN OUTSTANDING RETAIL MALL AND
OF COURSE WHETHER DOWNTOWN CAN
WHICH NOT ONLY AFFORDS THE AMENITIES
SUPPORT THE NECESSARY INVESTMENT
IMPORTANCE THE PRELIMINARY PLANS FINE CONVENTION FACILITY TOGETHER WITH
AND FEATURES AVAILABLE TO SUBURBAN
HAVE FLEXIBILITY TO ATTACH THE ROOF
TRANSIT
REQUIRED PRODUCE SUCH AN
TO
THE ANTICIPATED RAPID SYSTEM
SHOPPING CENTER PATRONS OF ENVIRONMENT THE ANSWER AFTER
OF THE MALL TO EXISTING BUILDINGS INCENTIVES FOR THE
SHOULD PROVIDE
CONVENIENCE EASE OF PARKING AND EXHAUSTIVE IS THAT
AND TO PREMIT ERECTION OF NEW ONES INVESTIGATION IT

ACCESS AND COMFORTABLE ALLWEATHER PROJECTED NEW PRIVATE INVESTMENT


BEFORE OR AFTER THE MALL CAN BE SUPPORTED BY ALLOCATION OF
DURING IN THE CBD AS SET FORTH IN THE
ENVIRONMENT BUT IT MUST AND CAN OF THE INCREASED TAX
CONSTRUCTION MOST IMPORTANTLY FINAL PORTION
OFFER MORE DOWNTOWN INHERENTLY IS CONSULTANT REPORT
WOULD GO FORWARD REVENUES GAINED IF DOWNTOWN
PLANS FOR THE MALL
ABLE TO OFFER ALL OF THE ONEOFAKIND THE PARKING TO MEET THE PROJECTED
TOGETHER WITH FINAL PLANNING OF THE CAPTURES ONLY THE PRESENT PROPORTIEN
VARIETY THAT SUBURBAN MALLS ARE NOT THE OVERALL CBD CAN
SUBWAY SECTION IN THESAME AREA SO REQUIREMENTS IN IT NOWREPRESENTS OF TOTAL REGIONAL
IN POSITION TO GIVE TO THEIR USERS AND SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT BY THE AND OFFICE OF
THAT CONSTRUCTION AND USE MAY BE RETAIL SPACE EXPECTED
THIS FEATURE OF DOWNTOWN IN ITS ROLE BOARD OF
CITY THROUGH ITS PARKING NEW REGIONAL GROWTHTHIS IS VERY
PROPERLY TIED TOGETHER
AS THE CENTER OF GREAT UNDER THE BUFFALO PLAN OF PARKING MODEST GOAL INDEED THERE IS EVERY
METROPOLITAN REGION CAN EASILY BE THROUGH FINANCE COMMITTEE
THE FINEST IN THE COUNTRY REASON TO BELIEVE THAT IT CAN DO
TO RESTORE DOWNTOWN TO ITS APPOINTED WITH THE CHAIRMAN
EXPLOITED JOINTLY BETTER THAN THIS IF THE
THE TRANSPORTATION COMMITTEE THE MALL AND PARKING COMMITTEE SIGNIFICANTLY
RIGHTFUL PLACE IT IS THE FIRM BELIEF OF OF
ENVIRONMENT PRODUCED IS MARKEDLY
BELIEVES THAT THE ADOPTION AND
THIS COMMITTEE THAT THROUGH THE VARIOUS METHODS SUGGESTED MORE ATTRACTIVE THAN THAT MANAGED
CARRYING OUT OF THE OBJECTIVES SET
CONCERTED ACTION BY THE CITY AND BY THE CONSULTANTS FOR THE FINANCING
FORTH IN THE CONSULTANTS CBD PLAN BY COMPETITIVE REGIONAL SHOPPING
DOWNTOWN LEADERSHIP CENTER OF MALL CONSTRUCTION WERE EXAMINED
ITS CENTERS AGAIN THIS OBJECTIVE DOES
ARE ESSENTIAL TO THE CONTINUED
LEVEL OF AS TO THE FEASIBILITY AND PRACTICALITY
PROMISING PHYSICAL NOT SEEM UNDULY DIFFICULT TO
OF THEIR USE IN THIS CASE IMPROVEMENT OF THE DOWNTOWN AREA II
AMENITY INFINITELY SUPERIOR TO THAT PARTICULAR
ACCOMPLISH FURTHER IF ACCESS TO
FOR THE SET FORTH IN WHICH IS THE LIFE BLOOD OF THE CITY
FOUND ELSEWHERE IN THE REGION CAN MANY REASONS DOWNTOWN IS MAXIMIZED THE
THE FINANCE COMMITTEES THE ENVIRONMENT MUST BE FURTHER
BE PRODUCED IN THE NEXT TEN YEARS COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE WOULD BE
MEMORANDUMOF NOVEMBER ENHANCED AND THE TAX BASE GREATLY
MAINTAINED EASILY PARTICULARLY SINCE
THE MALL WILL BE ITS CENTRAL FEATURE INCREASED ORTHE CITY FACES
1970 THIS MALL AND PARKING
WILL PROVIDE THE SETTING FOR FUTURE
THE VARIETY GOODS AND SERVICES
OF
IT

MUST DISMAL
COMMITTEE DETERMINED THAT IT
OFFERED DOWNTOWN IS BOUND TO BE
VARIETY OF STORES SHOPS RESTAURANTS
RECOMMENDTHAT THE MALL BE CHARLES DIEBOLD CHAIRMAN THAT OFFERED
HOTELS AND OTHER FACILITIES SUCH AS
ILL MORE EXTENSIVE THAN
CONSTRUCTED WITH CITY FUNDS TO BE ROBERT ADAM ELSEWHERE
THE PROJECTED NEW CONVENTION
REPAID FROM FUTURE TAX REVENUES LOUIS BERGER
CENTER AVAILABLE ON SCALE AND THE TYPE OF FACILITY ENVISIONED IS
BOTH WALLACE MCHARG ROBERTS AND WILLIAM GOECHLL
CONCENTRATION NOT POSSIBLE COVERED AIRCONDITIONED AND
TODD AND THEIR ECONOMIC ADVISORS SKYLIT
WILLIAM HARDER
ANYWHERE ELSE IN THE REGION HEATED STRUCTURE IT WILL BE LIGHT
LARRY SMITH AND COMPANY PROJECT DAVID LAUB
THE MEMBERSOF THE MAIN STREET THAT THE PROPOSED DOWNTOWN AND AIRY WITH PLANTING PAVING
WILLIAM SMITH
MALL AND PARKING COMMITTEE BENCHES SMALL CONVENIENCE SHOPS
DEVELOPMENT PLAN WILL PROVIDE HARLAN SWIFT
ADEQUATE SECURITY AND POLICE
UNANIMOUSLY ACCEPTED THE PREMISE INCREASED SALES AND PROPERTY TAXES
PROTECTION FROM PARKING SPACE TO
CONTAINED IN THE INTERIM REPORT TO PAY THE FINANCING COST SEVERAL
DESTINATION OR FROM TRANSIT CAR TO
CBD PLAN THAT THE MAIN STREET MALL TIMES OVER
DESTINATION SERVICE NOT POSSIBLE
WAS KEY ELEMENT IN THE DOWNTOWN THE COMMITTEES STUDY OF THE IN THE PRESENT PHYSICAL ARRANGEMENT
CONCEPT PLAN WALLACE MCHARG
PROBLEMS OF MANAGEMENT AND OF DOWNTOWN
ROBERTS AND TODD DESIGNATE IT AS
MAINTENANCE OF THE MALL SUGGESTED
ONE OF THE KEY FEATURES IN OVERALL THE COST OF SUCH STRUCTURE WILL BE
THAT THE BEST INTERESTS OF BOTH THE
DEVELOPMENT AND LARRY SMITH AND ABOUT 12000000 IN 1975 DOLLARS
CITY AND THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY
COMPANY INC LABEL IT AS THE KEY TO BE PAID FORBY GENERAL
WOULD BE SERVED BY THE FORMATION
ELEMENT IN THE CONTINUED IMPROVING BOND ISSUE
AND FUNDING OF OBLIGATION
NOTFORPROFIT
PERFORMANCE OF THE RETAIL SECTION
CORPORATION IT IS PROPOSED THAT THE
BUSINESS COMMUNITY WITH THE

BACKING AND SUPPORT OF THE GREATER

BUFFALO DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION


FINANCE SUCH CORPORATION TO ASSIST
THE CITY IN IMPLEMENTING THE

18
II

IT

II

II

II

II

II

II
THE DIAGRAM ABOVE AND THOSE ON
THE OPPOSITE PAGE SHOW THE MAJOR
ELEMENTS OF THE DOWNTOWN PLAN

IN THE MALL AREA THESE ELEMENTS ARE


PULLED APART SO TOSPEAK ON THE
RIGHTHAND PAGE TO SHOW THEIR
RELATIONSHIP TO VARIOUS LEVELS THE

TOP LEVEL SHOWS THE ROOF OF

THE MALL AND ITS CONNECTION TO

PERIPHERAL PARKING STRUCTURES THE


SECOND LEVEL SHOWS THE MALL
LEVEL WHICH IS PRESENTLY THE GROUND
AND STREET LEVEL AND THE CONNECTIONS
WITH OFFICE LOBBIES AND STORES THE
THIRD LEVEL SHOWS THE BUFFALO
AMHERST SUBWAY LINE LYING
IMMEDIATELY BELOW THE STREET
SURFACE THE BOTTOM LEVEL SHOWS
THE KENMOREAIRPORT LINE PASSING
UNDERTHE BUFFALOAMHERST LINE AND
ITS STATIONS AT LAFAYETTE SQUARE
AND THE TRANSPORTATION CENTER

THE DIAGRAM ABOVE PUTS ALL THESE


LEVEF TOGETHER AS COMPOSITE TO

SHOW THE INTERLOCKING NATURE OF THE


VARIOUS ELEMENTS OF THE PLAN

20
PARKING STRUCTURES AND THE ROOF OF THE MALL

THE MALL LEVEL SHOWING VERTICAL ELEVATOR TOWERS LOBBIES AND STORES

BUFFALOAMHERST SUBWAY LINE UNDER THE MAIN STREET MALL

KENMOREAIRPORT LINE UNDER COURT STREET

II

COMPOSITE DIAGRAM OF ALL MAJOR LEVELS


IN THE MAIN STREET MALL AREA
HHIHF

LJ II

HEN

HK

HTHT

ENCLOSED MALL AND ARCADES

22 MAIN STREET MALL STREET LEVEL PLAN SECTION THROUGH MAIN STREET OUTDOOR PLAZAS AND PEDESTRIAN WAYS
THE MAIN STREET MALL

THE PLAN AT THE LEFT AND THE SECTION


ABOVE GIVE DETAILED VIEW OF THE

NATURE OF THE MALL ALONG ITS ENTIRE

TO THE
LENGTH FROM CHIPPEWA STREET
DIVISION STREETS PARK MAIN STREET

WILL BE CLOSED FROM NORTH DIVISION

TO HURON STREET AN UNDERPASS WILL

ALLOW UNIMPEDED PEDESTRIAN TRAFFIC

FLOW FROM CHIPPEWA TO NORTH


DIVISION STREET MALL EXTENSIONS ON
COURT AND EAGLE STREETS WILL EXTEND
THE PEDESTRIAN PRECINCT ONE BLOCK

ON EITHER SIDE OF MAIN STREET TO

PEARL AND WASHINGTON STREETS MAIN


ENTRANCES TO THE MALL WILL BE FROM
PEARL AND WASHINGTON STREETS
COVERED GRADE CROSSINGS WILL ATTACH

III EXTENSIONS EAST ON EAGLE AND


MOHAWKSTREETS TO PARKING FACILITIES
AND NEW OFFICE BUILDING LOBBIES
II THE EAGLE STREET EXTENSION WILL
EFLICOTT
CROSS OVER ELLICOTT STREET ON
BRIDGE TO THE PROPOSED NEW
TRANSPORTATION CENTER

AN EXTENSION WEST ON COURT STREET

LI WILL PROVIDE DIRECT CONNECTION

BETWEEN THE CONVENTION CENTER AND

THE MALL

THE ROOF STRUCTURE WILL CROSS THE

INTERVENING STREETS WHERE THE MALL


CONTINUES FROM ONE SIDE OF THE
SHINGTCN
STREET TO THE OTHER AT EAGLE AND

WASHINGTON STREETS FOR INSTANCE

THE ROOF OF THE MALL WILL CONTINUE

RIGHT ACROSS THE STREET SO THAT

PEDESTRIANSCAN CROSS THE STREET


UNDER COVER EVEN IN BAD WEATHER

THE STRUCTURE WILLBE MADE AS


SPACE FRAME SUPPORTED BY COLUMNS
MAIN SPACED ON FIFTYFIVE FOOT CENTERS

THIS DEVICE WILL ALLOW THE STRUCTURE

TO BE EXTENDED IN SEVERAL DIRECTIONS


WITHOUT ALTERING THE BASIC STRUCTURAL

MODULE

THE MALL EXTENSIONS ON SIDE STREETS

ARE DESIGNED AS SKYLIT ARCADES ON

BOTH SIDES OF THE FORMER STREET AND


MAI
OPEN ON ONE SIDE THE ARCADES WILL
OPEN TOWARD WHAT WAS PREVIOUSLY
THE CARTWAY OF THE OLD STREET THE

PAVING WILL BE REMOVED AND THE


STREET FILLED WITH TREES AND PLANTING
THUS ADDING BADLY NEEDED RELIEF OF

PARK SPACE IN THE DOWNTOWN CORE

AT THE SOUTHERN END THE MALL WILL

JOIN DIRECTLY TO THE MAIN PLACE MALL

THUS INCORPORATING MAIN PLACE INTO

THE DOWNTOWN PEDESTRIAN SYSTEM


FRARIKIN

MALL RETAIL

RAPID TRANSIT LINE


34

DI

ENCLOSED MALL AND ARCADES


MAIN STREET MALL ROOF LEVEL PLAN SECTION
24
THROUGH COURT STREET OUTDOOR PLAZAS AND PEDESTRIAN WAYS
THE PLAN AND SECTION AT THE LEFT
SHOW THE ROOF OF THE MALL AND THE
SECTION THROUGH COURT STREET AND
LAFAYETTE SQUARE LOOKING TOWARD THE
NORTH

THE SECTION SHOWS THE STATIONS AT

MAIN STREET WITH THE KENMORE


AIRPORT LINE TUBE SHOWN IN

LONGITUDINAL SECTION AND THE

BUFFALOAMHERST LINE TUBE SHOWN


IN TRANSVERSE SECTION WITH MAIN
STREET MALL JUST ABOVE IT THE MAIN
ENTRANCE OF THE NEW CONVENTION

CENTER SHOWS LUST TO THE LEFT OF

PEARL STREET THIS SECTION CLEARLY


TRANSIT SHOWS THE DIRECT CONNECTION OF THE

ELEVATORS
CONVENTION CENTER WITH THE MALL AND
THE MASS TRANSIT LINES

WORKING WITH COMMISSIONER


HOWARD CONCEPT WAS DEVELOPED
USING TWO CONCRETE ROADWAYSOVER
EACH LINE OF COLUMNS ON EITHER SIDE

OF THE STREET AT THE ROOF LEVEL THESE

ROADWAYSSUPPORT FIRE FIGHTING

APPARATUS PERMANENTLY HOUSED ON


THE ROOF OF THE MALL THE PURPOSE OF
THE PERMANENT APPARATUS IS TO BE

AVAILABLETO FIGHT ANY FIRES WHICH