BUFFALO MASTER PLAN

CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER
II

INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES STRATEGY

III

CITY PLANNING
HENRY THE RT

BOARD

HARPER CHAIRMAN REV MSGR WILLIAM WOZNIAK VICECHAIRMAN

REVEREND

GRANT CRUMPLEY DOMANSKI GRECO DR PASQUALE NEWTON JOSEPH RAE JAMES

ADAM

DIVISION

OF PLANNING
FITZGERALD DIRECTOR
OF PLANNING

EUGENE

REPORT PREPARATION DIRECTOR BARRICK ASSISTANT MARY ANN BODNAR TYPOGRAPHER
PAUL OF PLANNING

ROBERT DEANTHONY DOROTHY LOWICKI STANLEY LOWICKI

ELIZABETH

OMEARA
PALMERI

APRIL

1971

CITY OF BUFFALO

NEW YORK

FRANK

SEDITA

MAYOR

THE MASTER

PLAN

IS

DIVIDED

INTO EIGHT

CHAPTERS AS INDICATED

BELOW

CHAPTER CHAPTER CHAPTER
II
LII

INTRODUCTION OBJECTIVES STRATEGY RESIDENTIAL PLAN

CHAPTER IV CHAPTER CHAPTER TL CHAPTER VII CHAPTER
VIII

RECREATION

AND OPEN SPACE PLAN
PLAN PLAN PLAN

COMMERCIAL
INDUSTRIAL

TRANSPORTATION

COMMUNITY SUMMARIES
WILL

REPORTS WILL BE PERIODICALLY DESCRIBE
ACTIVITIES

RELEASED

THESE PROGRAMS
VARIOUS

MORE SPECIFICALLY

AND IMPLEMENTATION REPORTS INVOLVING

IN

THE CITYS

TWELVE COMMUNITIES
WILL

ADDITIONAL

ASPECTS OF DEVELOPMENT REVISED

ALSO BE RELEASED

FROM TIME

TO

TIME

CHAPTERS OF THE MASTER PLAN WILL BE PREPARED

AS CHANGE REQUIRES

INTRODUCTION

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER

INTRODUCTION

AND CONCEPTS

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER

INTRODUCTION

THE

PLAN

FOR

NEW AMSTERDAM WAS DRAWN IN FROM
THIS

THE EARLY YEARS OF BUFFALO

OF

THE NINETEENTH

CENTURY

PLAN THE VILLAGE
IN

GREW
LATER

UNTIL

IT

WAS INCORPORATED AS
OF BUFFALO

CITY LAST

1832

TWENTYONE YEARS

THE CITY

MADE

ITS

MAJOR PHYSICAL EXPANSION

BY 1900 POPULATION
NATION
IN

THE CITY

REACHED

ITS

PEAK IN THE NATIONAL
IN

RANKING OF
IN THE

EIGHTH

THE

PORT OF BUFFALO

THAT YEAR RANKED THIRD
IN

TERMS

OF TONNAGE

HANDLED

ALSO
IN

1900

THE CITY HELD ITS
ITS

MAXIMUM PERCENTAGE
METROPOLITAN AREA
SPILL

OF THE POPULATION

ERIE

COUNTY AND OF

PRESENT
TO

THE CONCENTRATION
1853 BOUNDARIES

OF URBAN POPULATION

HAD BEGUN

OVER THE CITYS

BEFORE THE TURN OF THE CENTURY

IN

ITS

EARLY YEARS BUFFALO CAPITALIZED
RAIL

ON ITS

GEOGRAPHIC

LOCATION

AND SUBSEQUENT WATER AND

TRANSPORTATION

FACILITIES

ELECTRICAL

POWER FROM NIAGARA
INFLUENCING GAINS ITALIAN THE CITYS
IN

FALLS

AND

GROWING LABOR SUPPLY

WERE

FACTORS

ECONOMIC GROWTH
THE

BUFFALOS GREATEST POPULATION CENTURY DUE TO

WERE MADE
IRISH

MIDANDLATE
IMMIGRATION

NINETEENTH

GERMAN

AND POLISH

THE CITYS

MAJOR GROWTH PERIODS

11

18534

AND PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF BUFFALO
POLITICAL
DIVISION
OF

PLANNINGDEC

1970

LINE
I322
VILLAGES

DRAWINGINDICATES

BOUNDARIES AND YEAR ESTABLISHED
POLITICAL

1626

SHADINGINDICATES
SECTIONS
INDUSTRIAL STREET OF

URBANIZED

AREAS
PATTERNS

PARKS
1825 1850
44 AT TIME

LOCAL

MAP DATE

POPULATION

X2
1825
18

13
42
135
42 68
81 LB

1850

38 54 69 65
53

1875
1900

1925
1950

1975

256 540 580 460

65 40

32

ESTIMATED
OTHER FIGURES

NY

STATE

CENSUS CENSUS

19

12

COINCIDE

WITH THE DEVELOPMENT
INDUSTRY

OF PORT FACILITIES OF IRON

THE GROWTH OF THE

MILLING

AND THE DEVELOPMENT

PRODUCTION

FOR SOMETIMES

THE

MOST

PART

FRAME STRUCTURES WERE
FEET LOT

BUILT

ON SMALL LOTS
STRUCTURES

ONLY TWENTYFIVE

WIDE WHERE

IN

MANY AREAS

OCCUPIED ALMOST THE ENTIRE SECOND STRUCTURE
THE

THERE

WAS ROOM ON
IN

LOT

WAS

OFTEN ADDED IN DIVIDED

THE REAR OF THE LOT

MANY CASES

MAIN

STRUCTURE

WAS

INTO SEVERAL HOUSING UNITS

THE
TIME
THERE

CITY

ADOPTED
LITTLE

ITS

FIRST

ZONING ORDINANCE
THE CITYS

IN

1926

BY THAT
THAT HAD NOT

WAS

LAND

LEFT WITHIN

BOUNDARIES
ITS

BEEN DEVELOPED

THE CITYS

POPULATION

REACHED

PEAK DURING WORLD SMALL
FIVE

WAR
EIGHT

II

WITH

NEARLY

590 000 PERSONS SQUEEZED

INTO ITS

BY

MILE

AREA

DURING
SIGNIFICANT

THE

WAR BLACK IMMIGRATION
AS PERSONS

FROM

THE SOUTH OCCURRED IN

NUMBERS

SOUGHT EMPLOYMENT

IN

WAR INDUSTRIES
OF THE OF

THIS

MIGRATION

CONTINUED AFTER THE

WAR AND

LIKE

THE MIGRATION BETTER

NINETEENTH

CENTURY

REPRESENTED INDIVIDUALS AND FOR THEIR CHILDREN

SEEKING

WAY

LIFE

FOR THEMSELVES

HOUSING HAS
OF HOUSING IS

BECOME

CRITICAL

PROBLEM

IN

THE CITY

ITS

INVENTORY
ANTIQUATED DWELLINGS

VERY OLD IN COMPARISON TO OTHER CITIES CONVERSIONS
OF SINGLE

DUE TO

ITS

BOUNDARIES

AND TWO FAMILY

INTO MULTIPLE

HAVE BEEN COMPLICATED

BY RAPID OCCUPANCY TURNOVER THAT OFTEN CAUSES
OF STRUCTURES

AN ACCELERATED DETERIORATION

MANY SUCH

UNITS

ARE ABSENTEE DEVELOPED
DIFFICULT

OWNED AND ARE

IN

EXTREMELY

POOR CONDITION

TO THE INTENSELY
IS

LAND THE PROVISION

OF ADEQUATE RECREATION FACILITIES

EXTREMELY

CONCEPTS

THE MASTER
INDICATES THE GOALS

PLAN

SETS

FORTH

PATTERN

OF URBAN DEVELOPMENT OF THE PLAN

WHICH
IS

OF THE CITY DIRECTION

THE LONGRANGE ASPECT
FOR VARIOUS ACTIVITIES

NECESSARY

TO PROVIDE

OF THE CITY TO CONSIDER

REVIEW
CHANGING

AND UPDATING FACTORS

THE PLAN WILL

BE NECESSARY PERIODICALLY

THE
OF THE CITY

PLAN
IT

MUST BE CONCERNED WITH

THE RELATIONSHIP
ITS

OF ALL ELEMENTS

IS

GENERAL IN NATURE DUE TO

LONGRANGE OBJECTIVES
AND PROJECTS TO BE

ITS

GENERAL FRAMEWORK PERMITS DEVELOPED
AT

MORE DETAILED

DEVICES

THE TIME

OF THEIR

IMPLEMENTATION

ELEMENTS
RESIDENTIAL

OF THE PLAN THE

ARE DIVIDED
FACILITIES

INTO

FIVE

PRINCIPLE THE

PARTS

THE

PLAN

COMMUNITY

PLAN PLAN

COMMERCIAL PLAN
OF THE ELEMENTS
IS

THE INDUSTRIAL RELATED

PLAN

AND THE TRANSPORTATION

EACH

TO THE OTHERS

IN

SOME AREAS

THE

PROPOSED

RESIDENTIAL

DENSITY

IS

THE

SAME

AS THAT

14

WHICH EXISTS
THIS IS

IN

OTHER AREAS DECREASES IN DENSITY
IN

ARE

RECOMMENDEDBUT
DEVELOPED AREAS
OF LAND

BALANCED BY PROPOSED INCREASES BALANCE OF DENSITY
TO
IS

LESS

INTENSELY

WHERE
USES
IS TO

RECOMMENDED
LIVING
IS

REORGANIZATION

MORE APPROPRIATE
BE REPLACED

URBAN

IMPLIED

WHERE OBSOLETE HOUSING

REPLACEMENT

SHOULD BE BASED ON NEWER HOUSING CONCEPTS OPEN SPACES AND OFFSTREET
RESIDENTIAL

SUFFICIENT

SPACE FOR RECREATION

PARKING

MUST

BE PROVIDED BY REHABILITATION
PHYSICAL

THE REMOVAL

OF SUBSTANDARD

STRUCTURES EITHER
OF THE

OR CLEARANCE
OF BUFFALO

IS

PRIMARY GOAL CONSIDERATION
INCLUDE RECOGNITION

APPEARANCE

MUST

OF THE DETERIORATION OF THE

OF BOTH RESIDENTIAL

AND NONRESIDENTIAL

USES

THE PROPOSALS

MASTER

PS

PLAN

CALL

FOR

IMPROVEMENT

OF THE PHYSICAL

APPEARANCE

OF THE CITY

THE

BASIS

FOR

CHANGE

THE
BEEN DECIDED
CITIES

CITY

OF BUFFALO

IS

FULLY

DEVELOPED ARE FIXED

THE USE THE

OF ITS

LAND HAS

ALREADY

AND
TO

ITS

CORPORATE LIMITS

INABILITY
AT

OF CENTRAL

TO ADAPT

NORMAL MARKET

FORCES

HAS PLACED THEM

DISADVANTAGE
FOR CHANGE

IN

DEALING

IN THE METROPOLITAN

MARKETPLACE
PROVIDE

THE

POTENTIAL

EXISTS

BUT BUFFALO

CANNOT EASILY
ACTIVITIES

THE LAND AND FACILITIES FACILITIES

NECESSARY

TO

ACCOMMODATE NEW

OR REPLACEMENT

DISPERSION

THERE ARE

RESTRAINTS

PLACED ON THE CITYS

ABILITY

TO

ACCOMMODATE

15

AND ADOPT TO FUNCTIONAL
LIMITATION OF THE CITY DESIRABLE

CHANGES
NOT ONLY TO

THE MOST OBVIOUS

IS

THE FINANCIAL BUT ALSO TO PROVIDE

ACCOMMODATE CHANGE
LEVELS AS SERVICE INTO

AND MAINTAIN

SERVICE

DEMANDS INCREASE
LOW INCOME FAMILIES

THE

CITY

OF BUFFALO HAS BEEN

PRESSED
ITS

ROLE OF SERVING

OF THE METROPOLITAN THE CITY

AREA WHILE

TAX BASE HAS

SHRUNK

AREAS SURROUNDING

HAVE ATTRACTED

COMMERCIAL AND

INDUSTRIAL

USES FROM THE CITY
OUTSIDE THE CITY

AND NEWER RESIDENTIAL HAS BEEN DRAINED CONSIDERATION
IT

AREAS HAVE BEEN PROVIDED

THE

CITY

OF

SOME

OF

ITS

MORE ATTRACTIVE

USES FROM

TAX BASE

HAS BEEN FORCED TO FOLLOW
NOT FOLLOW THE

COURSE OF EXPANDING

SERVICES

FOR USES WHICH DID OUTSIDE THE CITY

MORE VALUABLE

TAX RESOURCES ATTRACTED

PROPER

THE
CENTRAL

LAND

AREA OF BUFFALO

IS

VERY SMALL
IN

IN

COMPARISON

TO OTHER

CITIES

OF SIMILAR

POPULATION
THE CENTRAL

COMPARISON
CITY OF BUFFALO

TO OTHER URBANIZED

AREAS OF COMPARABLE SIZE PERCENTAGE OF THE URBANIZED
LARGE BUFFALO OF BUFFALO

IS

MUCH SMALLER

AREA

THIS

CONCENTRATES THE PROBLEMS OF THE SMALL AREA OF THE CITY

URBANIZED

AREA

INTO THE

RELATIVELY

BECAUSE OF HOUSING CONDITIONS POPULATION
CITY LINE

ITS

1853

BOUNDARIES

THE CENTRAL

CITY

OF BUFFALO OF

FINDS

ITS

DISTORTED

WHEN COMPARED
SHOPPING

TO OTHER CITIES

COMPARABLE

MANY

OF THE REGIONAL

CENTERS LOCATED
THE CITY

BEYOND THE
AS WELL AS

DRAW

SALES

FROM

RESIDENTIAL

AREAS WITHIN

FROM

16

WITHOUT

THE CITY

IN

COMPARABLE URBANIZED

AREAS THEIR CITY

LOCATIONS

WOULD

BE WITHIN

THE CORPORATE BOUNDARIES JUST OUTSIDE CITY OF

OF THE CENTRAL

INDUSTRIAL

COMPLEXES
THE CENTRAL

BUFFALOS BOUNDARIES

LIKEWISE

WOULD BE WITHIN
II

COMPARABLE URBANIZED
RESIDENTIAL LEAVE

AREAS

THE POST WORLD WAR
OUTSIDE

HOUSING

BOOM FOUND NEW
THESE MATTERS
THE CITY

AREAS BEING BUILT

OF THE CITY

PROPER

PARTICULARLY

OLD AND SHALLOW TAX BASE

FROM WHICH

MUST OPERATE

FEDERAL

AND STATE PROGRAMS HAVE ASSISTED

DEVELOPMENT

OUTSIDE

THE CITY PROPER TO

MARKED DEGREE
ROUTES

IN

THE LAST TWO

DECADES

THE

PROVISION
THE CITY

OF

EXPRESSWAY

HAS CAUSED

LOSS OF TAX BASE WITHIN

PROPER AND AN ACCELERATION TO THE TREND TOWARD DECENTRALIZATION

THE MAJOR REASONS
SHIFT TO THE

FOR DECENTRALIZATION

HAVE BEEN

POPULATION

SUBURBS AND THE ECONOMIC ADVANTAGES FOR COMMERCIAL AND DECENTRALIZED LOCATION

INDUSTRIAL

USES TO SEEK
IN

FOR

THE CITY

THIS

MOVE
OF TAX

HAS

RESULTED

AN ABANDONMENT OF OBSOLETE
COSTS HAVE INCREASED

STRUCTURES AND

LOSS

BASE WHILE SERVICE

CENTRALIZATION

THE
SERVICES

CENTRAL

CITY HAS ALWAYS PLAYED HOST TO SPECIALIZED FOR THE ENTIRE

FUNCTIONS

ARE PROVIDED

METROPOLITAN

AREA AND THESE HAVE
SIZE BUT TO

SHOWN

STEADY GROWTH RATE CORRESPONDING

NOT TO BUFFALOS

17

THAT OF BUFFALOS

URBANIZED

AREA
TO

INSTITUTIONAL THE CITY

EDUCATIONAL

MEDICAL

AND CULTURAL USES CONTINUE
UNFORTUNATELY TAX

GROW IN

PROPER

THESE USES

ARE TAX EXEMPT AND OFTEN EXPAND INTO AREAS THAT HAD BEEN
IT

PRODUCING

IS

HOPED THAT THE NEED FOR CENTRALIZATION INCREASE
THE IMPORTANCE OF BUFFALOS

OF CERTAIN CENTRAL

COMMERCIAL USES
BUSINESS
DISTRICT

WILL

AND ADD TO THE CITYS

REVENUE TO CARRY OUT OTHER

PROGRAMS

AT THE

SAME TIME AS

THE DEVELOPMENT

PATTERNS

OF THE LAST TWO OF

DECADES OCCURRED THERE GREW GROUPS
IN

MARKED PATTERN
GOVERNMENT

OF DISTRIBUTION

INCOME
SUCH

VARIOUS LOCAL UNITS

OF

THE

CITY

OF BUFFALO

IN

PROCESS HAS EVOLVED INTO WHAT HAS BEEN CALLED THE POORHOUSE OF THE URBANIZED

AREA

THIS

FORM

OF CENTRALIZATION

HAS PLACED SERVICE EXCEEDED PAST

DEMANDS

ON THE CITYS

DWINDLING

TAX BASE THAT GREATLY

DEMANDS
STANDARD

AS

RESULT

REPLACEMENT

OF SUBSTANDARD HOUSING TO PROVIDE

HOUSING FOR LOW INCOME GROUPS MUST TAKE VALUED LAND IN THE METROPOLITAN AREA
IS

PLACE ON

SOME

OF THE HIGHEST

TAX EXEMPTIONS
ABILITY

FOR SUCH HOUSING

NECESSARY

THUS COMPLICATING

THE CITYS

TO PROVIDE

SCHOOLS

AND SERVICES

WHICH ARE NEEDED AT AN INCREASING
POLICY
IS

PACE

THE DEVELOPMENT
STEP TO REVITALIZE

OF SOUND MUNICIPAL

CRUCIAL

AND NECESSARY

BUFFALO

ZI

18

AREAS

OF

CHANGE

THE NEED WHEREVER POSSIBLE

FOR THE CITY
IS

TO CAPITALIZE

ON THE FORCES

OF CHANGE

OF UTMOST

IMPORTANCE

THE

PLANNING

BOARD MUST

CONSIDER FACTORS INVOLVING TIME
CITY
IT

THE ENTIRE

METROPOLITAN
ONLY WITHIN

AREA BUT AT THE
THE BOUNDARIES

SAME
OF THE

MUST

FUNCTION

WITH

JURISDICTION

PROPER

THERE ARE LARGE AREAS

OF GRAY HOUSING IN

THE CITY

THAT DO

NOT

CONFORM TO POPULAR OR ADVERTISED IMAGES TODAY
DETERIORATED

YET WHICH ARE NOT

SERIOUSLY TO CONTINUE

NOR LACK BASIC FACILITIES

SUCH HOUSING WILL HAVE
CITY

TO

SERVE AS HOUSING RESOURCES FOR THE
TO

AND THE CITY WILL WHICH THEY STAND

HAVE TO STRIVE
AS ATTRACTIVE

MAKE

THESE

AND THE NEIGHBORHOODS
ITS

IN

AS POSSIBLE

THROUGH

ACTIONS

DURING THE PERIOD COVERED

BY

THIS

MASTER PLAN

THE MAP

LABELED

AREAS

OF POTENTIAL

CHANGE SHOWS AREAS WHICH
IN

ARE APT TO CALL FOR DECISIONMAKING TWO DECADES

ON THE PART OF THE CITY

THE NEXT

CHANGES

INDICATED

BY THE COMMUNITY

RENEWAL PROGRAM

THE USE OF VACANT LAND

AREAS OF LIKELY

CHANGE AND AREAS AFFECTED BY
STOPS OF THE BUFFALO FOR

TRANSPORTATION

PROPOSALS ARE
TRANSIT LINE

SHOWN PROPOSED

AMHERST

RAPID
IN

ARE SHOWN AS POSSIBLE

STIMULANTS
TRANSIT

DEVELOPMENT
ALSO INDICATED

ADJACENT AREAS
AS STIMULANTS

LONGERRANGE MASS
IN

STOPS

ARE

FOR DEVELOPMENT

THE

MORE DISTANT
ACTIVITIES EXIST

FRITURE

COMMUNITY

CENTERS

WHERE MULTIFUNCTION

BUSINESS

TO

19

IMWOO4
EAST DELAVAN
EST SIDE

MASTEN

AREAS OF POTENTIAL STIMULANTS

CHANGE

FORCHANGE
RAPID TRANSIT STOPS

TRANSIT
BUSINESS

STOPS LONGRANGE
CENTERS

INDUSTRIAL

TRANSITION

REGULATION

SIGNIFICANT

ECONOMIC DEGREE ARE INDICATED
TO ATTRACT ADDITIONAL ACTIVITY IN

THESE COULD SERVE

AS

STIMULANTS
INDUSTRIAL COULD

CONCENTRATED CENTERS OR IMPROVED REGULATIONS AREAS ARE ALSO

AREAS WHERE CHANGING FUNCTIONS
THEIR RELATIONSHIP

IMPROVE

TO SURROUNDING

INDICATED

THE PURPOSE
HAVE BEEN
TO INDICATE

OF THIS

PRESENTATION

IS

NOT TO

SHOW DECISIONS GUIDE
IT

THAT

MADE NOR
AREAS
IN

IS

IT

TO BE CONSIDERED

POLICY

IS

SHOWN
EVALUATION

WHICH DECISIONS INTENDED
PARTIES

MAY HAVE
THE AREAS

TO BE

MADE

NO

OF USES NOR OF CHANGE IS

OF POTENTIAL

CHANGE ARE
IN

SHOWN TO

ALERT

INTERESTED

OF THE PROBABLE THE FORCES

NEED FOR DECISIONS

THE FUTURE

NEED EXISTS

TO DIRECT

OF CHANGE AND TO SEEK THE

FUTURE DEVELOPMENT WILL

OF THE CITY

IN

COMPREHENSIVE MANNER
CHAPTERS OF THE MASTER PLAN

GUIDANCE

BE PRESENTED

IN

THE VARIOUS

IIL

OBJECTIVES

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER
II

II

OBJECTIVES

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER
II

CHAPTER
POTENTIAL

REVIEWED
IN

FACTORS

IN

THE DEVELOPMENT

OF BUFFALO

AND

CHANGE

THE CITY

THIS

CHAPTER WILL

DEAL WITH

GENERAL

OBJECTIVES POLICIES

THE

FOLLOWING

CHAPTER WILL COVER STRATEGY AND DISCUSS

THE MASTER
PLAN
IS

PLAN

IS

PRESENTED IN AN END IN

SUMMARY
BUT

IN

THIS

CHAPTER

THE

NOT TO BE CONSIDERED IN WHICH

ITSELF

DOCUMENT

TO ESTABLISH

THE DIRECTION

THE CITY SHOULD

MOVE

IT

BECOMES AN INSTRUMENT

CONSTANTLY

PROJECTING

TWENTY

TO

TWENTYFIVE

YEARS INTO THE FUTURE

TEMPERED BY NEW DEVELOPMENTS

THE
WITHIN
ITS

RESIDENTIAL

PLAN

IS

BASED ON

CITY

OF

HALFMILLION
IN

PERSONS
IS

PRESENT BOUNDARIES
WITHIN

THE PRESENT
DECADE AND

DECLINE

POPULATION

FORESEEN AS STOPPING
WITHIN THE PLANNING

MODEST INCREASE

TAKING

PLACE

PERIOD
IN

THE

OVERALL

ACREAGE FOR RESIDENTIAL

USES

WOULD DECREASE SLIGHTLY OPEN SPACE INCREASING DECREASE
IN

ORDER TO PROVIDE

MORE LAND
IN

FOR RECREATION AND

POPULATION IN

DENSITIES

WOULD DECREASE INCREASE

SOME AREAS WHILE
AND AREAS

OTHERS
RESIDENTIAL

DUE

TO THE SLIGHT

IN POPULATION

ACREAGE

RECONSTRUCTION OF RESIDENTIAL

LII

WILL OF

PLACE

GREATER EMPHASIS
POPULATION OF

ON TOWNHOUSE APARTMENT INCREASES
WILL

AND CLUSTER

TYPES

DEVELOPMENT

DENSITY

BE PROPOSED IN PROXIMITY
ACTIVITIES AS WELL

TO

MAJOR CONCENTRATIONS
TO

COMMERCIAL AND
STATIONS

INSTITUTIONAL

AS ADJACENT

MAJOR

TRANSIT

THERE
IDENTIFIABLE THE CITY IN

IS

SUBSTANTIAL

AMOUNT
DESPITE

OF SUBSTANDARD

HOUSING LOCATED
IN POPULATION

IN

BLIGHTED

AREAS

SIZEABLE

DECLINE

WITHIN

RECENT YEARS

LOW HOUSING VACANCY

RATE STILL

PLAGUES THE CITY

THIS

TOGETHER WITH THE RELATIVELY
RESULTS
IN

LOW INCOME OF THE OCCUPANTS OF SUBSTANDARD
OF

HOUSING
FACILITIES

PRESSING

NEED FOR THE CONSTRUCTION

NEW HOUSING
CAN PROCEED

BEFORE EXTENSIVE

DEMOLITION

OF SUBSTANDARD UNITS

THE
URBANIZED

CITY IS

SMALL

IN

SIZE

COMPARED

TO THE CENTRAL

CITIES

OF

COMPARABLE

AREAS

THE LOW INCOME
IN

POPULATION CITY WITH

OF THE BUFFALO

URBANIZED

AREA

IS

CONCENTRATED

CENTRAL

LESS

RESOURCES AND LESS OPEN BOUNDARIES

LAND THAN IN

COMPARABLE URBANIZED
IN

AREAS

THE CITYS

REMAIN

AS PRONOUNCED BARRIERS

WHICH THE URBAN LOW INCOME HOUSING PROBLEM

MUST BE SOLVED

WITHIN

THE FORESEEABLE FRITURE

THESE MATTERS
CITY BY PROVIDING

CALL

FOR EFFORTS TO INCREASE SITES

THE VACANCY

RATE IN

THE

HOUSING ON NEW RESIDENTIAL

BEFORE AN AMBITIOUS RELATED BARRIER
FOR

PROGRAM
ACTIVITY

OF CLEARING

SUBSTANDARD HOUSING CAN BE CONTINUED

WOULD CALL FOR SERIOUS EFFORTS TO BREAK THE CITY LINE

112

LOW INCOME DEVELOPMENTS
OF THOSE
IN

AND EFFORTS TO INCREASE INCREASED

THE LEVEL

OF

INCOME

BLIGHTED

AREAS

INCOME WOULD RESULT
IN

IN

MORE

OWNERSHIP
FRILL

REHABILITATION

AND WIDER CHOICES

HOUSING

MEANWHILE
TO

ADVANTAGE OF

ALL

SUBSIDIZED
IN

HOUSING PROGRAMS MUST BE TAKEN

PROVIDE

NEW HOUSING

THE CITY

RELATED

TO THE RESIDENTIAL

PLAN

AND TO POPULATION

DENSITIES

THE

COMMUNITY

FACILITIES FACILITIES

PLAN

SETS

DESIRABLE
THIS

STANDARDS AND LOCATION

PATTERNS TO

FOR SUPPORTING

WITHIN

PLAN ADJUSTMENTS
AT THE

MAY BE MADE

CORRESPOND TO CHANGING POPULATION

PATTERNS

COMMUNITY OR
BOTH THE

NEIGHBORHOOD LEVEL AS FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
RESIDENTIAL PLAN

MAY REQUIRE
PLAN

AND THE COMMUNITY
IN

FACILITIES

EMPHASIZE
TO ESTABLISH

NEIGHBORHOODS AND COMMUNITIES
BETTER

TERMS

OF PLANNING UNITS FACILITIES PLAN

PLANNING SCALE

THE COMMUNITY

DEALS

WITH

RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE AS ELEMENTS

OF URBAN DESIGN RIVER

THE DEVELOP

MENT
OF

PROTECTION

AND USE OF THE CITYS

AND LAKE

FRONTS ARE MATTERS

CONCERN

UTILITIES

MEDICAL

HEALTH

AND EDUCATIONAL

FACILITIES

ARE

CONSIDERED SUPPORTING FACILITIES

THE COMMERCIAL
CONCENTRATION OF

PLAN

HAS
RETAIL

AS

MAJOR CONSIDERATION
THE CITY

THE

COMMERCIAL MEANS

CENTERS WITHIN
THEIR

THIS

IS

PROPOSED TO SERVE AS
EFFICIENCY

OF INCREASING

ATTRACTIVENESS

AND

THE

SPECIALIZED

FUNCTION

OF THE CENTRAL BUSINESS

DISTRICT

113

SHOULD BE STRENGTHENED
THE PROPERTY TAXES THE CITYS

THIS

DISTRICT

NOW SUPPLIES

NEARLY
IN

QUARTER OF

FOR THE CITY

AND

IS

VALUABLE ASSET

CARRYING OUT

PROGRAMS

THE
INDUSTRIAL BUFFALO

INDUSTRIAL

PLAN

PROPOSES THE CONSOLIDATION

OF EXISTING

AREAS AND THE ORDERLY DEVELOPMENT

OF INDUSTRIAL

GROWTH

BECAME
ITS

MAJOR CENTER

OF MANUFACTURING

AND HEAVY INDUSTRY
THE OLD ERIE

FOLLOWING

COMMERCIAL PEAK BROUGHT ABOUT BY
IN INDUSTRIAL ACTIVITY AFTER

CANAL
FAVORABLE
OF

SLUMP OCCURRED

WORLD WAR II
LIE IN

PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVEMENT OF BUFFALOS ECONOMY SERVICES
BUFFALO AS

THE EXPANSION

AND OTHER NONMANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AS WELL AS REASSERTING MANUFACTURING CENTER
JOB DEVELOPMENT IN INDUSTRIAL

AND

MANPOWER

TRAINING

ARE IMPORTANT

CONSIDERATIONS

PLANNING

THE TRANSPORTATION

PLAN

SETS

FORTH GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

TO THE

ADEQUATELY SERVE THE PROPOSED LAND USE ARRANGEMENTS EXPRESSED

IN

MASTER PLAN
OF BUFFALO

AT THE

SAME TIME

THEY

EMPHASIZE
DIFFICULT

THE CENTRAL BUT DESIRABLE

CITY

FUNCTION

ON THE NIAGARA

FRONTIER
RAILROAD

OBJECTIVE

IS

THE CONSOLIDATION

OF DIVERSE

PROPERTY AND LINES

OWNED BY
WHILE

VARIOUS

COMPANIES SERVING SIMILAR
TRAFFIC

OR OUTDATED FUNCTIONS
FOR TRAFFIC

AUTOMOBILE

MUST
AGAINST

BE

SERVED PROPOSALS
THE ELEMENTS

IMPROVEMENTS

MUST

BE WEIGHED

ALL

OF THE

MASTER PLAN

114

DESIRABLE

PLANNING CONSIDERATION AND

IS

TO ENCOURAGE

CLOSE RELATIONSHIP
SIGNIFICANCE NOT ONLY

BETWEEN PLACES OF RESIDENCE
IS

EMPLOYMENT OF MAJOR
THE CITY IN

THE RAPID

TRANSIT

PROPOSAL WITHIN

SUCH

FACILITIES

PROVIDE

TREMENDOUS CARRYING

CAPACITIES

COMPARISON
OF

TO THE AUTOMOBILE

BUT THEY ALSO OFFER DEVELOPMENT

OPPORTUNITIES

UNIQUE NATURE

INHERENT

IN

THE PHYSICAL

PLANNING OF THE CITY ARE
IF THE

SERIES

OF

DEVELOPMENTAL
THE DIRECTION

POLICIES

WHICH NEED TO BE PURSUED

CITY IS

TO FOLLOW

SUGGESTED BY THE MASTER PLAN
IN

THE

FOLLOWING

CHAPTER WILL
FOR

DISCUSS GENERAL PROPOSALS IMPLEMENTATION
OF THE

AN ATTEMPT TO ESTABLISH

FRAMEWORK

PLAN

IT

IS

ESSENTIAL

THAT THE

FRAMEWORK BE

CONSTANTLY

REVIEWED

WITH

RESPECT TO CHANGES THAT

MAY OCCUR
FUNCTION

TO WORK WITHIN
EFFECTIVELY

THE PLANNING

FRAME
TO

WORK ADMINISTRATION
ELECTED OFFICIALS

MUST

AND BE RESPONSIVE

AND THE CITIZENS

OF BUFFALO

THE

ABILITY

TO EVALUATE

AND

ACT UPON CHANGES THROUGH THE EXPEDITIOUS

APPLICATION

OF POLICY

IS

NECESSARY IN ACHIEVING

DESIRABLE

URBAN ENVIRONMENT

115

RESLFLENTL

SINCE

THE

CITY AREA

OF BUFFALO

URBANIZED

COMPRISES ONLY SURROUNDING IT THE CITYS

THIRD OF THC SETTING
IN

LROTECT STABLE AREAS
NITS

BY REHABILITATION

IMPROVE ENVIRONMENT OR CLEARANCE

PER ACRE

KK
OP COM
DO
BE

PER TUTIONS AND FACILITIES
IN

ACRE AND

INCREASE NEIGHBORHOOD AND USC POWERS OF EMINENT

CONCERT

COMM
CO CO
IND USE

VEEN INCOMPATIBLE USES AND NT OF RIVER AND LAKE FRONTS DO FOR FILL RANGE OF USES
STRENGTHEN

ED BUSINESS
DATE ET

CENTER

LOCANONS NEW USES

ENC
TISE

EXISTING

LOCITIONS TI

ANSI OR

FACILITIES

MA RAP
ION
BUS LINES

CCOOIDINATE UTLLL7ATLON

LIND OF

PATTERNS

WITH

AUTOMOTIVE ROUTES

TRANSIT

PROPOSALS SERVICE IMPROVEMENT

OBJECTIVECS

STRATEGY BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER
III

STRATEGY

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER
III

THE
PERIODIC

POLICIES

OF THE

MASTER PLAN PROVIDE
ARE REQUIRED PERSPECTIVE
IN
TO

FLEXIBLE

GUIDE
CHANGING

REVIEW AND EVALUATION

CONSIDER
TO RELATE

FACTORS
DECISIONS

THE
WITH

POLICIES FUTURE

ESTABLISH

IMMEDIATE
GOALS OF THE

IMPLICATIONS

THE LIGHT OF OVERALL

CITY

PLANNING
GENERAL

POLICIES

CAPITALIZATION

ON AREAS OF POSITIVE

CHANGE

WHERE DESIRABLE
EXISTS

CHANGES ARE OCCURRING WITHIN NECESSARY SUPPORTING REVERSAL
OF NEGATIVE
FACILITIES

THE CITY

OR WHERE POTENTIAL

AND SERVICES
IN

SHOULD BE PROVIDED

CHANGE

DECLINING

AREAS WHERE INCENTIVE
POLICY TO

AND IMAGINATION

CAN STIMULATE

POSITIVE

CHANGE

ENCOURAGE NECESSARY CONSIDERATION

MEASURES SHOULD BE PURSUED
IMPACT
ON ETHNIC

OF DEVELOPMENT

HARMONY AND
BY PHYSICAL

EQUALITYWHENEVERSOCIALCONSIDERATIONS DEVELOPMENTS
IT

ARE AFFECTED

RACIAL

AND ETHNIC

IMPLICATIONS

SHOULD BE EVALUATED

MUST BE RECOGNIZED

THAT PHYSICAL

AND SOCIAL

PROBLEMS ARE

INTERRELATED

CONSIDERATIONOFMUNICIPALREVENUETOASSISTINFINANCING
NECESSARY

PROGRAMS DEVELOPMENTS WHICH ADD

TO THE CITYS

TAX

BASE WILL BE ENCOURAGED INCREASE THE EFFECTIVENESS
THE GROWTH OF OF

COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING
THE HISTORIC

WITH

SINGLEPURPOSE AGENCIES AND PROBLEMS
OF PLANNING WITHIN

IMPLEMENTATION
ALL

CITY

STRUCTURES
TO

EFFORTS TOWARD STRENGTHENING ACTIVITIES POLICIES WILL

CENTRAL

PLANNING AGENCY

DIRECT FL

PUBLIC

BE ENCOURAGED
AT THE

PARTICIPATION LEVEL

SHOULD BE EXPRESSED
CALLED

COMMUNITY
FINAL

AND PUBLIC

PARTICIPATION OF

UPON TO DEVELOP

PLANS
POLICY

DECENTRALIZATION

DECISIONMAKING

SHOULD BE CONSIDERED

WHENEVER POSSIBLE
COMMUNITIES

AND IMPROVED CHANNELS OF COMMUNICATION BETWEEN SHOULD BE SOUGHT

AND THE CITY ADMINISTRATION

RESIDENTIAL

BALANCING OF RESIDENTIAL
MILLION

DENSITY

IN

PLANNING

FOR

CITY

OF

HALF

POPULATION

SOME AREAS

WILL

DECREASE GENERALLY

IN

POPULATION

DENSITY

WHILE OTHERS WILL
WILL

INCREASE
FOR IN

BALANCING OF
INTO

POPULATION

BE CALLED
RESIDENTIAL

REBUILDING
WILL

REORGANIZATION

MORE COMPACT

DEVELOPMENTS

ENABLE LAND TO BE

FREED FOR OPEN SPACE

PARKING

AND RECREATION FACILITIES

REMOVALOFSUBSTANDARDHOUSINGINTHECITYALLSUBSTANDARD
UNITS

MUST BE MADE STANDARD THROUGH

REHABILITATION

OR CLEARANCE

1112

WHEN

REHABILITATION

IS

NOT POSSIBLE TO SUPPLY

THE CITYS
RELOCATION

INVENTORY

OF

HOUSING MUST BE INCREASED
RESTRAINT
IN

RESOURCES
NOT YET EVIDENT

AREAS WHERE

DEMAND FOR CHANGE
IS

IS

IN

AREAS OF DECLINE
ACTION

WHERE CHANGE

NOT DESIRED

BY RESIDENTS
LOCAL

AS

YET

GOVERNMENT
ARISES PRESERVATION

SHOULD BE RESTRAINED UNTIL

DEMAND

AND ENHANCEMENT OF STABLE STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS
OF STABLE

AREAS

STRICT

ENFORCEMENT

OF DEVELOPMENT TO ASSIST
IN

MUST BE CARRIEDOUT
PUBLIC

THE MAINTENANCE

AREAS

SERVICES

AND

FACILITIES

TO ENHANCE THESE OF CHOICE IN

NEIGHBORHOODS MUST BE PROVIDED
ALL

EXTENSION

HOUSING

INCOME

ETHNIC

AND RACIAL

GROUPS SHOULD HAVE FREEDOM IN CHOOSING THEIR
WITHIN

PLACES OF RESIDENCE

BOTH PROPOSED AND EXISTING DESIGN
IN

HOUSING RESOURCES VARIETY
IN

ENCOURAGE ATTRACTIVE TYPES
INNOVATIVE

NEW HOUSING

HOUSING

APPROACHES

AND AN EMPHASIS ON ATTRACTIVE

STRUCTURES STRUCTURES

SHOULD BE SOUGHT
IS

THE

SETTING

AND LAYOUT OF THE

MATTER OF MAJOR CONCERN

RECREATION

AND OPEN SPACE

PROVIDEACCESSIBLERECREATIONFACILITIESANEMPHASISSHOULD
BE PLACED ON THE PROVISION POPULATION
PARTICULAR OF RECREATION NEAR CONCENTRATIONS OF

EMPHASIS ON YOUNGER PERSONS AND ON
FACILITIES

COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD

SHOULD BE

MADE

1113

PROVISION

FOR SEASONAL ACTIVITIES

SHOULD HAVE

HIGH
IS

PRIORITY

OPEN SPACE
AS

AS

DESIGN ELEMENT
OF

OPEN SPACE
ITS

TO BE REGARDED
IN

NECESSARY ELEMENT

URBAN DESIGN
BE SOUGHT

PROVISION

PROPOSED DEVELOPMENTS STRUCTURES ENVIRONMENTAL
TO

WILL

RELATED

TO THE SCALE OF

CONCERN

PROGRAMS

TO ELIMINATE

POLLUTION

AND

IMPROVE

ECOLOGICAL

RELATIONSHIPS FEATURES

WILL

BE SUPPORTED
IS

ENHANCEMENT
THE CITYS LAKE

OF NATURAL

CONCERN MEASURES
THE CITY

EXPRESSED

FOR

AND RIVERFRONTS
FEATURES WITHIN

TO

IMPROVE

THESE

AND OTHER NATURAL PRESERVATION
RECENT

WILL

BE CONTINUED

OF EXISTING

PARKS

DUE

TO THE

LOSS OF PARK LAND IN
IS

YEARS FOR OTHER

USES GREAT RESERVATION

HELD FOR ANY

PROPOSALS THAT SEEK TO CONVERT PARK LANDS REPLACEMENT
IN

FOR OTHER USES WITHOUT

KIND

NONRESIDENTIAL REMOVALOFSUBSTANDARDFACILITIESOBSOLETEANDDETERIORATING
NONRESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES SHOULD BE REHABILITATED SHOULD BE SOUGHT FOR EXISTING OR CLEARED USES AS WELL

IMPROVED ENVIRONMENT
AS FOR NEW FACILITIES

ENCOURAGE COMMERCIAL AND
TO SUPPLY

INDUSTRIAL

DEVELOPMENTS AND TO INCREASE

IN

ORDER

EMPLOYMENT

OPPORTUNITIES

THE CITYS

1114

TAX BASE TO ASSIST

IN PROVIDING INDUSTRIAL

REVENUE FOR OTHER

PROGRAMS
OR

COMMERCIAL AND
TO EXPAND IN

USES WILL BE ENCOURAGED TO BUILD

KEEPING WITH THE PROPOSALS OF THE MASTER PLAN LABOR SUPPLY
IN

INCREASE
TRAINING

THE SKILLED

THROUGH
THE SKILLED

TRAINING

OR

RE

PROGRAMS AN INCREASE
INDIVIDUALS

LABOR SUPPLY WILL

BOTH ASSIST

AND ATTRACT NEW EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES BUSINESS
DISTRICT

IMPROVE

THE CENTRAL

AS

MAJOR REVENUE
THE CENTRAL

SOURCE AND ONE
DISTRICT

OF EVEN GREATER POTENTIAL TO BE

BUSINESS AND

SHOULD CONTINUE

IMPROVED

ITS

ENVIRONMENT
IN

CIRCULATION

SYSTEM SHOULD
USES

OFFER

UNIQUE SETTING

THE REGION

CONCENTRATE RELATED
RELATED
IN

NONRESIDENTIAL
TO

USES WHICH ARE DEVELOP
IN

FUNCTION

SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED

CLOSE

PROXIMITY
BUFFERS

TO

ONE ANOTHER USES
BUFFERS

SHOULD BE PROVIDED BETWEEN INCOMPATIBLE BETWEEN INCOMPATIBLE

SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED NONRESIDENTIAL

RESIDENTIAL

AND

USES

TRANSPORTATION BALANCE TRANSPORTATION REQUIREMENTS
WITH

OTHER CITY NEEDS
IN

OTHER URBAN CONCERNS MUST BE EVALUATED

TRANSPORTATION

PROPOSALS
FUNCTIONAL

SOCIAL

AND AESTHETIC

VALUES MUST BE ADDED TO

AND TECHNICAL

CONSIDERATIONS

IMPROVE MASS
FACILITIES

TRANSIT

IMPROVEMENTS
RAPID
TRANSIT

IN PUBLIC

MASS

TRANSPORTATION

MUST BE

MADE

FACILITIES

SHOULD BE

PROVIDED ENCOURAGEMENT
BESIDES
RELATING OF RELATING INTENSIVE

PLACES OF RESIDENCE

AND EMPLOYMENT
OR OTHER
OF

USE AREAS TO MAJOR TRANSIT
THE CLOSE RELATIONSHIP

TRANSPORTATION

FACILITIES

OF PLACES

RESIDENCE
UTILIZE

TO PLACES OF
FACILITIES

EMPLOYMENT
FULLY

SHALL BE TRAFFIC

ENCOURAGED
CARRYING CAPACITY

EXISTING

THE

OF EXISTING

STREETS

SHOULD BE INCREASED
FACILITIES

TO THEIR

MAXIMUM TO
SAFETY

REDUCE THE NEED OF ADDITIONAL

PEDESTRIAN

MUST

REMAIN

MAJOR CONSIDERATION

HOWEVER

TOOLS OF IMPLEMENTATION COORDINATION

THE DEGREE
DIRECT

OF COORDINATION

BY UNITS

OF CITY OF

GOVERNMENT BEARS
THE

RELATIONSHIP

TO THE EFFECTIVENESS

MASTER PLAN

GENERAL AGREEMENT WITH
WITHIN
ALL UNITS

THE POLICIES

OF THE

PLAN

SHOULD BE ACHIEVED
GOALS

OF CITY

GOVERNMENT
UNDER

UNIFIED

FOR ALL PUBLIC

ACTIVITIES

SHOULD EXIST

COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING
ACCEPTANCE
PLAN

AND PARTICIPATION
ITS

THE

EFFECTIVENESS

OF THE

MASTER
ACCEPTANCE

MAY BE MEASURED BY

APPLICATION
AT

AND BY PUBLIC

POLICIES

SHOULD BE EXPRESSED
CALLED

THE

COMMUNITY LEVEL

AND PUBLIC

PARTICIPATION

UPON TO DEVELOP AND IMPLEMENT PLANS

1116

ZONING
THE

IT

IS

ESSENTIAL

THAT THE LAND USE CONTROLS OF THE

ADOPTED BY

COMMONCOUNCIL
LIGHT

REFLECT THE OBJECTIVES

MASTER PLAN

IN

THIS

THE ZONING ORDINANCE WITH THE

SHOULD BE REVIEWED PERIODICALLY
WITHIN THE

IN

CONJUNCTION

REVIEW PROCESS IMPLICIT
IN

PLAN

SUBDIVISION OF LAND

CONTROL

ORDER TO BETTER

CONTROL THE USE OR REUSE

THE SUBDIVISION OF THE

CONTROL ORDINANCE
FILLS

WHICH REFLECTS

THE

FL

OBJECTIVES

MASTER PLAN

NEED FOR THE CONTROL OF

LARGE SCALE DEVELOPMENTS
THE ZONING ORDINANCE OFFICIAL

BEYOND THE

MORE LIMITED

CONTROLS

OF

MAP

THE

OFFICIAL

MAP SHOWS STREETS
IT

HIGHWAYS

AND

PARKS ESTABLISHED

BY

LAW

IS

RECOMMENDEDBY

THE PLANNING INDICATES

BOARD AND ADOPTED BY THE
EXISTING ESSENTIAL
FACILITIES

COMMONCOUNCIL

THE MAP
FACILITIES

AND

MAY SHOW PROPOSED
DEVELOPMENT

THAT ARE

TO

PROPER

FUTURE

CAPITAL PUBLIC PUBLIC

IMPROVEMENTS PROGRAM MEANS
FACILITIES

CODES AND ORDINANCES
OF PRIVATE

ARE THE

OF GUIDING

THE DEVELOPMENT

PROPERTY
CAPITAL

AND PROGRAMS ARE COORDINATED THROUGH

IMPROVEMENTS PROGRAM
NEEDS THIS
IS THIS

STRONG COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING AGENCY
IN

TOOL TO GUIDE

THE CITY

LONGRANGE

FINANCIAL

PLAN
TO

NEEDED IN BUFFALO

TO CONNECT PLANNING WITH

ACTIVITIES

IMPLEMENTATION

PROGRAMS

AN INTERMEDIATE

PROGRAMMING STEP

1117

URBAN RENEWAL
REDEVELOPMENT EMINENT

URBAN RENEWAL PROGRAMS EMPHASIZE
ACTIVITIES

WHICH

RELY

ON THE CITYS
LAND

POWER USES

OF

DOMAIN

TO ELIMINATE

INAPPROPRIATE
IS

SINCE

THE APPLICATION OF THE CITY TO DETERMINE

OF THIS

PROGRAM

LIMITED

BY FISCAL

CAPABILITIES

COMMUNITY HOW THIS MUST BE

RENEWAL PROGRAM HAS BEEN DEVELOPED
BE MOST EFFECTIVELY
WITH THE

TOOL MIGHT
IN

EMPLOYED

REUSE

OF LAND

CONFORMITY

MASTER PLAN

THE COMMUNITY PLANNING PROCESS
RELATED FUNCTION THAT

IS

CONTINUOUS AND INTER INVENTORY AND

MAY BE

DIVIDED

INTO

FOUR CATEGORIES

ANALYSIS

GOALS OF SUCH

AND OBJECTIVES PROCESS
IS

PLAN DEVELOPMENT

AND IMPLEMENTATION

THE END
THE PLAN CONTINUE

MASTER OR COMPREHENSIVE PLAN
STATIC

HOWEVER

CANNOT BE CONSIDERED
BOTH IN EVALUATION

AND THE PLANNING PROCESS MUST AND IN
ITS

OF THE PLAN

DAYTODAY

APPLICATION

1118

RESIDENTIAL

PLAN

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER IV

RESIDENTIAL

PLAN

OBJECTIVES

THE

RESIDENTIAL
ITS

WITHIN

IS BASED BOUNDARIES PRESENT

PLAN

ON

CITY

OF

HALFMILLION
DECLINE
IN

PERSONS
POPULATION
IS

THE PRESENT

FORESEEN AS STOPPING WITHIN DECADE AND MODEST INCREASE TAKING THE PLANNING PERIOD PLACE WITHIN THE OVERALL ACREAGE FOR RESIDENTIAL USE WOULD DECREASE SLIGHTLY IN ORDER TO PROVIDE MORE LAND FOR RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE DENSITIES WOULD DECREASE IN POPULATION

SOME AREAS WHILE INCREASING
IN

IN IN

OTHERS
RESIDENTIAL

DUE

TO THE SLIGHT

POPULATION OF RESIDENTIAL

AND

DECREASE

ACREAGE

INCREASE RECONSTRUCTION

AREAS WILL PLACE GREATER EMPHASIS ON TOWNHOUSE APARTMENT AND CLUSTER TYPE OF DEVELOPMENT POPULATION DENSITY INCREASES WILL BE PROPOSED IN PROXIMITY TO MAJOR CONCENTRATIONS OF

COMMERCIAL AND
TRANSIT

INSTITUTIONAL

ACTIVITIES

AS WELL AS ADJACENT TO MAJOR

STATIONS
IS

THERE

AMOUNT OF SUBSTANDARD HOUSING LOCATED IN BLIGHTED AREAS SIZEABLE DECLINE IN POPULATION DESPITE WITHIN THE CITY IN RECENT YEARS LOW HOUSING VACANCY STILL PLAGUES THE CITY THIS TOGETHER WITH THE RELATIVELY LOW INCOME OF THE OCCUPANTS OF SUBSTANDARD HOUSING RESULTS IN PRESSING NEED FOR THE CONSTRUCTION OF NEW HOUSING FACILITIES BEFORE EXTENSIVE DEMOLITION OF SUBSTANDARD UNITS CAN PROCEED
SUBSTANTIAL IDENTIFIABLE CITY
IS IS

THE AREA

SMALL

IN

SIZE

COMPARED
CENTRAL

TO THE CENTRAL POPULATION

CITIES

OF

URBANIZED
LAND THAN

AREAS
IN

THE LOW INCOME
IN

OF THE BUFFALO

COMPARABLE URBANIZED
OPEN

CONCENTRATED

CITY

WITH LESS

RESOURCES AND LESS

COMPARABLE URBANIZED AREAS THE CITY BOUNDARIES REMAIN AS PRONOUNCED BARRIERS IN WHICH THE URBAN LOW INCOME HOUSING PROBLEM MUST BE SOLVED WITHIN THE FORESEEABLE FUTURE THESE MATTERS
BY PROVIDING
CALL FOR EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE

VACANCY

RATE IN

THE CITY

HOUSING ON

NEW

RESIDENTIAL

SITES

BEFORE AN AMBITIOUS

PROGRAM OF CLEARING SUBSTANDARD HOUSING CAN BE CONTINUED RELATED WOULD CALL FOR SERIOUS EFFORTS TO BREAK THE CITY LINE BARRIER FOR ACTIVITY LOW INCOME DEVELOPMENTS AND EFFORTS TO INCREASE THE LEVEL OF INCOME OF THOSE BLIGHTED AREAS INCREASED INCOME WOULD RESULT IN MORE OWNERSHIP REHABILITATION AND WIDER CHOICES IN HOUSING MEANWHILE FULL ADVANTAGE OF ALL SUBSIDIZED HOUSING PROGRAMS MUST BE TAKEN TO PROVIDE NEW HOUSING IN THE CITY

POLICIES

THE

RESIDENTIAL

POLICIES

OF THE

MASTER PLAN PROVIDE
PERSPECTIVE
IN

FLEXIBLE

GUIDE

PERIODIC FACTORS
DECISIONS THE CITY

REVIEW

AND EVALUATION
ESTABLISH

ARE REQUIRED TO CONSIDER
TO RELATE OF OVERALL THE LIGHT

THE

CHANGING

POLICIES

IMMEDIATE
GOALS OF

WITH FUTURE IMPLICATIONS
SPECIFIC RESIDENTIAL

POLICIES

FOLLOW

BALANCING OF RESIDENTIAL DENSITYIN PLANNING FOR CITY OF HALFMILLION SOME AREAS WILL DECREASE IN POPULATION WHILE OTHERS WILL INCREASE POPULATION DENSITY GENERALLY WILL BE CALLED FOR IN REBUILDING BALANCING OF POPULATION REORGANIZATION INTO MORE COMPACT RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENTS WILL ENABLE LAND TO BE FREED FOR OPEN SPACE PARKING AND RECREATION FACILITIES

REMOVAL OF SUBSTANDARD HOUSING IN THE CITY ALL SUBSTANDARD UNITS MUST BE MADE STANDARD THROUGH REHABILITATION OR CLEARANCE WHEN REHABILITATION IS NOT POSSIBLE THE CITYS INVENTORY OF HOUSING MUST BE INCREASED TO SUPPLY RELOCATION RESOURCES
RESTRAINT EVIDENT
RESIDENTS LOCAL
IN IN

AREAS WHERE DEMAND FOR CHANGE AREAS OF DECLINE WHERE CHANGE IS
ACTION

IS

YET GOVERNMENT DEMAND ARISES
AS

BY SHOULD BE RESTRAINED UNTIL

NOT YET NOT DESIRED

AND ENHANCEMENT OF STABLE AREAS STRICT ENFORCEMENT OF DEVELOPMENT STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS MUST BE CARRIEDOUT TO ASSIST IN THE MAINTENANCE OF STABLE AREAS PUBLIC SERVICES AND
FACILITIES

PRESERVATION

TO ENHANCE THESE

NEIGHBORHOODS

MUST BE PROVIDED

OF CHOICE IN HOUSING ALL INCOME ETHNIC AND RACIAL SHOULD HAVE FREEDOM IN CHOOSING THEIR PLACES OF RESIDENCE GROUPS WITHIN BOTH PROPOSED AND EXISTING HOUSING RESOURCES

EXTENSION

ENCOURAGEATTRACTIVEDESIGNINNEWHOUSINGVARIETYINHOUSING TYPES INNOVATIVE APPROACHES AND AN EMPHASIS ON ATTRACTIVE SHOULD BE SOUGHT THE SETTING AND LAYOUT OF THE STRUCTURES STRUCTURES IS MATTER OF MAJOR CONCERN

IV2

RESIDENTIALPLANE

AGE OF RENTER OCCUPIED UNITS THAN AVERAGE VACANCY RATIO
INCREASE DIRECTLY VARIETY

IT

ALSO CONTAINS

LOWER
RATES

NORMALLY VACANCY OCCUPANCY
TYPES THE

WITH

RENTER

THE
AREA THE WILL

OF HOUSING
REFLECT

WITHIN

AN URBAN OF

GENERALLY

NEEDS AND DESIRES

POPULATION
THE

IN

LARGE

METROPOLITAN
OF SINGLE

AREAS SUCH
STRUCTURES

AS BUFFALO

MAJORITY

FAMILY

ARE FOUND OUTSILE
IS

THE CENTRAL CITY COSTS

WHERE VACANT LAND LOW
DENSITY

AVAILABLE

AND

DO NOT
IS

PROHIBIT

DEVELOPMENT THIS WHICH
TURES UNITS INDICATES

FACT

BROUGHT FAMILY

OUT IN

TABLE STRUC

THAT

SINGLE

DETACHED

ACCOUNT FOR ONLY 35
IN

PER CENT OF THE
FIVE

HOUSING
CITIES

THE

AVERAGE OF THE
THAT

COMPARATIVE

TABLE
USUALLY

ALSO INDICATES

BUFFALO CONTAINS AN

UN

HIGH

PERCENTAGE OF TWO FAMILY
THE

STRUCTURES PERCENT

MORE THAN TWICE

5CITY

AVERAGE OF

216

THE
THAT
THE IN

UNITED 1960

STATES CENSUS

OF HOUSING INDICATES

BUFFALOS
CITIES

HOUSING WITH

WAS

THE

OLDEST

OF

COMPARATIVE
UNITS

835

PERCENT OF THE

HOUSING ING

BEING MORE THAN 30 YEARS OLD
LIFE

ASSUM
ALL

USEFUL

OF 40

TO 50

YEARS IN

FOR

FRAME STRUC
ALMOST

MATERIAL

BASED ON 1960
WILL

CENSUS
IT

TURES

WHICH PREDOMINATE
PRESENT

BUFFALO

NFORMATION

BE REPLACED WITH

OF THE CITYS
THE

HOUSING

WILL

BE INADEQUATE

BY

THAT OF THE 1970

CENSUS WHEN

END

OF THE

PLANNING

PERIOD

BECOMES AVAILABLE
ANALYSIS
SECTION IZED
SITIES

OF HOUSING AND RESIDENTIAL OF THE
RESIDENTIAL ANALYSIS

LAND

THIS

PLAN

PRESENTS

GENERAL

CITYWIDE

OF HOUSING

CONDITIONS

DEN

AND

RESIDENTIAL

LAND ACREAGE AS WAS INDICATED
ANALYSIS OF THE LARGE PORTION

IN

THE PREVIOUS COMPARATIVE
IN

OF THE HOUSING TABLE COMPARATIVE
PARATIVE

BUFFALO

IS

TWO FAMILY
STRUCTURES

TYPE

SHOWS 449

THAT

TWO FAMILY
ALL

WHICH
OCCUPY

ANALYSIS
IS

THE PURPOSE
THE AS

OF THE

COM

CONTAIN

PERCENT OF
THE

HOUSING

UNITS

ANALYSIS

TO DETERMINE

COMPOSITION

388

PERCENT OF

RESIDENTIAL

LAND ACREAGE THESE 80 PERCENT OF THE
THE

AND
THAT

CHARACTER OF SIMILAR

OF BUFFALOS CITIES

HOUSING

COMPARED TO
THE

STRUCTURES
LOT

OFTEN COVER AS THEREBY GREATLY
STRUCTURES

MUCH AS

TABLE
OF

INDICATES UNITS

PER

AREA

OVERCROWDING

LAND

CENTAGE DISTRIBUTION ERCENTAGEWISE CUPIED
UNITS
IT

HOUSING

BY

TENURE

SINGLE

FAMILY
UNITS

CONTAIN 283

PERCENT OF THE
RESI

BUFFALO CONTAINS

MORE
CITIES

RENTER

OC BUF

HOUSING
DENTIAL

AND OCCUPY 529

PERCENT OF THE
STRUCTURES

THAN THE COMPARATIVE
IS

EXCEPTING

LAND AND MULTIPLE
ONLY 83

FAMILY

WHILE

CINCINNATI

IMPORTANT

TO NOTE THAT WHILE

OCCUPYING CONTAIN 268

PERCENT OF THE RESIDENTIAL HOUSING
THOSE

LAND

FALO CONTAINS

MUCH HIGHER
MARYLAND
DETROIT

THAN AVERAGE PERCENT

PERCENT OF THE BASIS
THE

UNITS

ON
BALTIMORE
NATI

AN INDIVIDUAL
OF

COMMUNITIES ON
BUFFALO

OHIO

CLEVELAND OHIO CINCIN AND MILWAUKEE MICHIGAN

THE

PERIPHERY

CITY

SOUTH CONTAIN

NORTH

EAST AND
SINGLE

NORTH BUFFALO

PREDOMINANTLY CONTAINING

WISCONSIN

FAMILY HOUSING

THE COMMUNITIES

IV

TNECREP SLATOT EGAERCA
0001 0001 0001 0001 0001 0001 0001 0001 0001 0001 0001 0001 0001

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728 7157 2685 5217 6104

5381 56621 1277 31031 6319 86121 7735

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21 24 47 201

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99

TIORTED 135 17 871 15 961 TIORTED
451 751 885 921 11 313 96 21 461

62 07

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32 87 83 31

NOISIVIDYEVRUS

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0001 0001 0001 0001 0001 0001

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RO RO

EDISREVIR

SLATOT

SEIROTS 6SEI2ROTS

MAJORITY

OF

TWO FAMILY

STRUCTURES

ARE

WEST

SIDE

SITIES

THE
IN

BULK
THE

OF THE

TOTALLY ELLICOTT

DEFICIENT

HOUSING

IS

AND MASTEN MULTIPLE
IN

FAMILY

STRUCTURES PREDOMINATE TRANSPORTATION ELLICOTT

LOCATED

MASTEN
IT
IS

AND BUFTHLO RIVER

THE

CENTRAL CORE THE

AND ALONG MAJOR
CENTRAL

COMMUNITIES COMMUNITY
DEFICIENT

READILY

APPARENT THAT THE MASTEN
OF THE TOTALLY

ROUTES WITHIN

ELMWOOD AND

CONTAINS ALMOST ONEHALF

COMMUNITIES
PATTERNS OF BLIGHT INFLUENCED

HOUSING

WHICH

AFFECTS

ALMOST 25000

PER

THREE

FACTORS HAVE APPARENTLY OF BLIGHT
IN

SONS APPROXIMATELY 10 PERCENT OF THE CITYS
TION 10
LIVE

POPULA

THE PATTERN

AND DEGREE

BUF

IN

TOTALLY
LIVE

DEFICIENT

HOUSING AND ANOTHER
CONTAINING

FALO

PERCENT

IN

HOUSING

MAJOR STRUC

THE AGE
THE BLIGHT

OF THE

HOUSING

INDICATES

THAT

MUCH

OF

TURAL

AND ENVIRONMENTAL

DEFICIENCIES

HAS OCCURRED THROUGH USE OF THE RESIDENTIAL

NORMAL

ATTRITION

RESIDENTIAL GRAPHICALLY OF RESIDENTIAL RINGS

LAND ACREAGE AND POPULATION
ILLUSTRATES

FIGURE

THE

INTENSE

LAND WITH

TWO

THE PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION

FAMILY
LOTS

AND MULTIPLE

FAMILY
THE

STRUCTURES

ON SMALL

ACRES

AND POPULATION BY ONEHALFMILE
THEIR CENTER AT

HAS ACCELERATED
LOCATION

SPREAD
USES

OF BLIGHT

WHICH HAVE
RESIDENTIAL

NIAGARA

SQUARE

THE

OF RESIDENTIAL

WITHIN

NONRESI

THE

LAND ACREAGE INCREASES

VERY SHARPLY
INDUSTRIALLY INCREASES TO

DENTIAL

AREAS PARTICULARLY

INDUSTRIAL

HAS CREATED RAPIDLY SURVEY WITH

THROUGH
ORIENTED

RING
RINGS RINGS

04
05

DECLINES

IN

THE

POCKETS OF HOUSING WHICH HAVE DECLINED ACCORDING CONDUCTED
THE TO THE STRUCTURAL CONDITIONS
IN

AND 06 AND THEN
FOLLOWING

PEAK IN

08 AND 09
THE
TOTAL

THIS

SAME GEN
IS

BY

CONSULTANT
OF THE

CONNECTION

ERAL PATTERN TRIBUTED

POPULATION RINGS
THAT

OF BUFFALO

DIS THE
ARE

LEVELOPMENT

COMMUNITY
IS

RENEWAL PRO
THREE

WITH
IT IS

PEAKS IN

04

AND 08

FROM

GRAM BLIGHTED
AREAS IN

HOUSING

LOCATED

IN

GENERAL

GRAPH

APPARENT

POPULATION
CENTRAL

DENSITIES

SEE
THE

FIGURE
CENTRAL PORTION
IN

RELATIVELY OF THE
CITY

HIGHER
AREA MILES

WITHIN

THE IN

PORTION
01

OF THE

OLDER

AND GEN
THESE

CITY

THE

CONTAINED
OF
TOTAL

RINGS

THROUGH

06

ERALLY SPREADING EASTWARD INTO AREAS THE MASTEN ARE HEAVILY

CONCENTRIC PATTERN

WITHIN

NIAGARA

SQUARE

CONTAINS 392

AND

ELLICOTT

COMMUNITIES

PERCENT OF THE CENT OF THE

RESIDENTIAL

LAND AND 525
THE

PER
RINGS

POPULATED

AND HAVE MEDIUM
USE OF

POPULATION

WHILE

REMAINING

HIGH
THE

DENSITIES

ACHIEVED

THROUGH INTENSIVE
STRUCTURES

CONTAIN 608 PERCENT OF THE RESIDENTIAL

LAND AND ONLY

LAND WITH LOW DENSITY
THE INDUSTRIAL

475
LAKE

PERCENT OF THE POPULATION HOUSING UNIT
DENSITIES TO THE AND RESIDENTIAL LAND UTILIZA

WITHIN

AREAS

ALONG THE
IN

AND
TIER

THE NIAGARA

RIVER PARTICULARLY AND AUDITORIUM NEIGHBORHOODS AND EXTENDING TO LESSER DEGREE NORTHWARDINTO THE WEST SIDE AND RIVERSIDECOMMUNITIES
SOUTH OF THE
NITY
TRIAL

THE WATERFRONT

SIMILAR

POPULATION

DENSITY UNIT

CHAR
DENSITY

ACTERISTICS

OF LARGE CITIES
IS

THE NET HOUSING THE

IN

BUFFALO AT

HIGH

IN

AND NEAR

CBD

AND THEN
FRINGE UNIT

DECLINES

DECREASING RATE TOWARD THE
INDICATES THE

OF

CBD

IN

THE

BUFFALO RIVER

COMMU
INDUS

THE
SITIES

CITY

FIGURE

HOUSING
LINE

DEN

AND EXTENDING
AREAS OF THE

EASTWARD THROUGH THE

BY RING AND SECTOR THE AVERAGE DENSITY
DENSITY

SOLID

REPRESENTS 12

EAST SIDE

COMMUNITY
CITY

THE

THROUGH EACH OF THE

RINGS

THE
DEFINED
HINES

BLIGHTED
AS TOTALLY

AREAS OF THE DEFICIENT

WHICH HAVE BEEN WHICH

THE

OF EACH RINGSECTOR
ITS

DOTS
TO

HAS ALSO BEEN
ILLUSTRATE

RATING

COM
ARE AREAS

PLOTTED DENSITY INDICATES DENSITIES DIVIDUAL ERALLY DENSITIES

UPON
RANGE
THE 25

RESPECTIVE

RING RING

THE CHART

STRUCTURAL
IN

AND ENVIRONMENTAL FORM
BY
IN

DEFICIENCIES

WITHIN

EACH

AS

THE

PRESENTED HAVE
THE TION

TABULAR

TABLE

THESE

WIDEST RANGE OF INDIVIDUAL
TO

RINGSECTOR

BEEN DELINEATED

COMMUNITIES
UNITS

PRESENTING

114

FALLS

IN

RING AND

02

THOSE IN

RESIDENTIAL

ACREAGE HOUSING THIS OF INFORMATION
FUTURE

AND POPULA
IN THE

RINGSECTORS ON THE FRINGE CONTAIN
THE

OF THE CITY

GEN

INVOLVED

ASSISTED THESE

LOWEST

MOST

CONSISTENT

DETERMINATION

TH

USE OF

AREAS OFTEN

RESIDENTIAL

WITHIN
AFFECTED THE

AREAS THE

DEGREE OF BLIGHT

RESIDENTIAL

LAND UTILIZATION
OF CITIES THAT IS

RATES VARY INVERSELY AS THE POPULATION OF

PROPOSED RESIDENTIAL

ACREAGE AND DEN

WITH THE SIZE

1W

MINOR

V6

TABLE 3TOTALLY COMMUNITY
CENTRAL

DEFICIENT
RESIDENTIAL

AREAS
HOUSING PERCENT
UNITS

ACREAGE

PERCENT

POPULATION

PERCENT

WEST SIDE

304 115 1924 1210 1445

52

1707
476

101

20
328 206 246

28 479
141 156

4893 1442 24508 7625 9187
548

93 27
466 145 175

ELMWOOD
MASTEN
ELLICOTT BUFFALO SOUTH RIVER

8124 2393 2636
204

BUFFALO

98
769

17
131

EAST SIDE

1404

12 83

4396

10 84

EASTDELAVAN
NORTH EAST

NORTHBUFFALO
RIVERSIDE

TOTALS

5865

1000

16944 SOURCE CITY

1000

52599

1000

PLANNING ASSOCIATES

EAST

INC

FL

II

IS

LI

IIJIIIIIFWY

50

ANO OVEN

EXISTING

HOUSING

UNIT

DENSITIES

IVT8

THE

CITY

INCREASES

THE

RESIDENTIAL

ACREAGE PER 100
CITIES

HAVE DEVELOPED AROUND THE
TO THE

CBD

AND

IN

PROXIMITY

PERSONS DECREASES COMPARED
LAR

WITH

OF

SIMI

EMPLOYMENT
DENSITY

CENTERS ALONG RAIL

LINES PRESENT THROUGH
THE

SIZE

BUFFALO

WITH

AN AVERAGE OF 164 RESIDENTIAL
IS

LY
USE

HIGH

HAS

BEEN

ACHIEVED

ACRES

LC

100 PERSONS

SLIGHTLY

BELOW AVERAGE IN
LAND IN LAND

OF MULTISTORY HOUSING
UNITS

STRUCTURES

DENSITIES

FROM 20
SMALL OFTEN

DICATING

MORE

INTENSIVE DETAILS

USE OF RESIDETITIAL

TO 50

PER ACRE USUALLY
STRUCTURAL DENSITIES

REFLECT

BUFFALO FIGURE
UTILIZATION TRIBUTION THE

BUFFALOS RESIDENTIAL
TO THE

MULTIFAMILY

AND TWO FAMILY

TYPES OF

BY RING
OF RESIDENTIAL

SIMILAR

PERCENTAGE DIS
IN

OVERCROWDED ON SMALL LOTS HOUSING
SINGLE UNITS

UNDER 20

LAND

ILLUSTRATED

FIGURE

PER ACRE INDICATE
STRUCTURES

PREDOMINANCE
WITH

RESIDENTIAL

LAND UTILIZATION
IN

CHART INDICATED
01

MORE
LESS

FAMILY

INTERSPERSED

TWO

INTENSE INTENSE

UTILIZATION UTILIZATION

RINGS

THROUGH 06 REMAINDER

AND

FAMILY

STRUCTURES

THROUGH

THE

OF THE DENSITY

RINGS
EXISTING RESIDENTIAL DENSITY PATTERNS

STANDARDS PLAN

IN

THE

DEVELOPMENT

OF

THE

THE EXIST PRE ON

RESIDENTIAL

DENSITY

STANDARDS HAVE

BEEN ES

ING

HOUSING UNIT THE

DENSITY

MAP

FIGURE

TABLISHED
POSES

GENERALLY

LAND USED FOR RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPED OR TO LIMIT
DENSITIES
AIR

PUR
AS TQ

SENTS THE GENERALIZED CLASSES EXISTING BASIS

RESIDENTIAL

DEI
UNIT
THE

LAND USE BY DENSITY WERE DETERMINED
FIVE

SHOULD NOT BE SO INTENSIVELY
OF BUILDINGS

CAUSE OVERCROWDING
DENTIAL

AND THEN GROUPED INTO

CLASSES THE

AMENITIES

AND

SERVICES

SHO

RE

GREATER
DENSITY OF THE

WAS ACHJCVED BY DETERMINING
BASIC

PERMIT OR CONTRIBUTE

TO SUNLIGHT

AND USABLE

OJ
PRO

BLOCK

IN

AREAS OF

PRE

SPACE AND SHOULD PROVIDE SPACE
FACILITIES

FOR NEIGHBORHOOD

DOMINANT MULTIPLE FAMILY USE
DENSITIES GENERALLY

FOLLOW
CENTRAL

CONCENTRIC

PATTERN
AS

SPECIFIC

CRITERIA

INVOLVED
ARE
AS

IN

DETERMINING

WITH

THEIR

PEAK

IN

THE

CORE AND DECREASE

POSED DENSITY
RESIDENTIAL THE CENTRAL

PATTERNS DENSITIES IN

FOLLOWS BE HIGHEST

DISTANCE PATTERN THE

FROM

THE

CORE INCREASES UNITS

THE HIGH

DENSITY IN

SHOULD PROXIMITY
INSTITUTIONAL

AROUND

50

HOUSING

PER ACRE AND ABOVE

CENTRAL

CORE EXTENDS

OUTWARD TO

THE

NORTHEAST

CORE EMPLOYMENT AND
JACENT
IT

TO LARGE CENTERS FACILITIES TOTALLY

SHOPPING AND AD

ALONG THE

ELMWOODAVENUE DELAWARE AVENUE AND
RADIAL ARTERIALS

TO MAJOR

TRANSPORTATION THAT THOSE AREAS

MAIN

STREET

THE HIGH
ELLICOTT

TERN ALSO EXTENDS INTO

PAT COMMUNITY IN
DENSITY

WAS ASSUMED

DEFICIENT

WILL

BE REDEVELOPED

THEREFORE

AREAS CONTAINING

CLUDING HOUSING
TERNS THE

THE

TALBERT

AND

ELLICOTT

MALLS
DENSITY

PUBLIC

HIGH
DENSITY

DEGREE OF BLIGHT
REVISIONS
TO

WERE CONSIDERED FOR MAJOR
PRESENTLY STABLE
AT

DEVELOPMENTS THE MEDIUM
TO

PAT

WHILE
LITTLE

AREAS

30

50

HOUSING

UNITS

PER ACRE SURROUND
INTO THE INTO

WERE SUBJECT

OR NO CHANGE

ALL

HIGH

DENSITY

CORE AND EXTEND SLIGHTLY

THE

VALUE

AND MARKETABILITY

OF LAND TO BE DEVEL FACTOR IN FOR

WEST SIDE
THE

COMMUNITY

AND MORE
AREA IN THE

EXTENSIVELY

OPED OR REDEVELOPED WAS

MAJOR

DETER
IT

BROADWAYFILLMORE

EAST SIDE

COIN

MINING
IS

FUTURE

DENSITY

PATTERNS

EXAMPLE
HIGH

MUNITY

DESIRABLE AREAS

TO REDEVELOP LAND WITHIN IN

INTEN
OR

LOW MEDIUM
UNITS

DENSITY

AREAS IN THE

20

TO

30

HOUSING
OF THE

SITY

ACCORDANCE
OF

WITH

THE ACTIVITY

EXISTENT

PER ACRE ARE LOCATED

REMAINDER

ANTICIPATED

LEVEL

ECONOMIC

WEST SIDE RIVERSIDE

AND MASTEN COMMUNITIES
SYSTEM INTO HOUSING CITY

AND

MANY
HIGHER
IN

AREAS

OF POSITIVE

CHANGE BOTH
DICTATED

RESIDENTIAL

FOLLOW THE BELT LINE RAILROAD

THE EAST SIDE

AND NONRESIDENTIAL
DENSITY
THIS

HAVE
IS

NEED

FOR

LOW
COVERS

DENSITY THE

UNDER
BALANCE
OF

20

UNITS

PER

ACRE

PARTICULARLY

TRUE OF AREAS

THE

THE

LOW

DENSITY

PROXIMITY

TO EDUCATIONAL

AND

RESEARCH FACILITIES ARC IN

PATTERN EXTENDS INTO BETWEEN

THE CENTRAL AREA AT ONE POINT ELINWOOD AND DELAWARE AVENUES IN THE

FINALLY

WHERE NATURAL

AMENITIES

EVIDENCE

LAKEFRONT
DENSITIES

RIVERFRONT RECREATION

AREAS INCREASED

ELINWOOD COMMUNITY
IN

WERE PROPOSED

SUMMARY

THE

HIGHER

RESIDENTIAL

DENSITIES

DENSITY
STABLE

RANGES

THE MASTER PLAN ESTABLISHES

SET OF DENSITY

RANGESWHICHSHOULDBEAPPLIEDTOREDEVELOPEDAREASASWELLASTO
BECAUSE HOUSING UNIT DENSITY IS CLOSELY RELATED TO HOUSING STRUCTURE TYPE DENSITY RANGES HAVE BEEN DEFINED IN TERMS OF HOUSING TYPES THESE ARE SHOWN IN TABLE

AREAS

SUMMARY OF RESIDENTIAL
TABULATIONS

PLAN PROPOSALS

THE SUMMARY

AS COMMUNITY PLANNING POPULATIONS POPULATION HOUSING AND URBAN GROWTH CITY PLANNING BOARD SEPTEMBER 1967 ARE PRESENTED IN TABLE TOTAL OF 261 HOUSING UNITS WERE PROJECTED BY 1990 AND AS OUTLINED ON THE 170 OF 500 000 WAS ESTABLISHED AS THE FOLLOWING PAGES POPULATION DEVELOPED
IN

OF NEIGHBORHOOD AND

INDICATES THE PLANNING POPULATION OF THE CITY OF BUFFALO FIGURE PROPOSED DENSITY PATTERN FOR THE CITY FROM BASIS NEIGHBORHOOD

TABLE 4DENSITY

RANGES AND DWELLING TYPES
NET ACRE DENSITY CLASS DWELLING TYPES
SINGLE FAMILY

UNDER 20

LOW LAWMEDIUM

DETACHED

2030

ATTACHED ROW HOUSES HIGH INTENSITY MULTIFAMILY LOW INTENSITY SINGLE FAMILY

TWO

FAMILY

EG GARDEN APARTMENTS
3040 MEDIUM

MULTIFAMILY LARGE STRUCTURES CON VERTED FOR MORE INTENSIVE USE MULTIFAMILY APARTMENTS 3STORY OR UNDER LOW INTENSITY

4050

MEDIUMHIGH

MULTIFAMILY

APARTMENTS 3STORY HIGHRISE
VERY LOW

OR

UNDER
MULTIFAMILY INTENSITY OVER 50 HIGH MULTIFAMILY

APARTMENTS MORE THAN
HIGHRISE TOWERS

3STORY
MULTIFAMILY

ETC

CITY POPULATION
OF THE CITY OF BUFFALO WILL NOT POPULATION CNLY DEPEND ON THE MORE TRADITIONAL GROWTH FACTORS FOR THE METROPOLITAN AREA BUT ALSO ON HANGING DESIRES OR CULTURAL ATTITUDES AND THE INVENTORY OF HOUSING AVAILABLE

THO

THE

CITY OF BUFFALO SHOULD CONTINUE OF HOUSING UNITS UNTIL SHORTLY AFTER

TO EXPERIENCE 1975 AT THAT

LOSS BOTH IN

POPULATION

AND THE

NUMBER

SHOULD BEGIN TO REVERSE THE RECENT TREND AND RISE OVER THE NUMBER OF DEMOLITIONS EVEN CONSIDERING EXPRESSWAY DEMOLITION THIS WILL BE LED BY FRUITION OF URBAN RENEWAL PROGRAMS LAND DEVOTED FOR RESIDENTIAL PURPOSES IS EXPECTED TO DECLINE BY 1990 FROM APPROXIMATELY 8727 ACRES TO 8362 ACRES RESIDENTIAL USES IN PREDOMINANTLY INDUSTRIAL AREAS WOULD BE ELIMINATED

TIME

CONSTRUCTION OF NEW HOUSING UNITS

REPLACEMENT HOUSING
ER OCCUPIED

WILL

UNITS

EMPHASIZE APARTMENT ROW OR TOWN HOUSES BOTH WHICH WILL BE ABLE TO PROVIDE STRUCTURES OF LESS COMMERCIAL USES
LOT

RENTAL

AND

WITH GREATER OPEN SPACE SOME ELIMINATION OF MARGINAL WHILE AREAS OF CONCENTRATED COMMERCIAL USES WILL

GROUND COVERAGE IS FORESEEN

GENERALLY PROVIDED

THROUGH THE CITYS

REQUIRE GREATER ZONING ORDINANCE

DEPTH THAN

NOW

AN INCREASE
IF

NEW UNITS

IN

UNITS DOES NOT NECESSARILY RESULT IN INCREASED POPULATION EVEN ARE FULLY OCCUPIED AN INTERNAL SHIFT IN COULD LOWER OCCUPANCY POPULATION OTHER AREAS OF THE CITY FROM THE GRAY AREAS ESPECIALLY ALTER

IN HOUSING

HOWEVER CHANGING FACTORS MAY
DECISIONMAKING
INCLUDE

ELEMENTS
LOCATION

PRESENTLY EXISTING
FOR HIS

IN

THE INDIVIDUALS

PROCESS IN SELECTING THE FOLLOWING POINTS

RESIDENCE

SUCH FACTORS

MAY

THE DECREASE OF BLIGHT IN THE CITY THE AGING OF STRUCTURES IN THE IMMEDIATE SUBURBS THE GROWING COST IN TIME SPENT COMMUTING AND IN MONEY FOR
OF UTILITIES

THE PROVISION

AND SERVICES

LESSENING OF MOVEMENT CHANGING CULTURAL OR SOCIAL URBAN GROWTH

IN DEVELOPING AREAS DUE TO RACIAL CONCERN ATTITUDES

TOWARD SUBURBIA
CITY

AND SUBDIVISION
OF

THE IMPROVEMENT
ITS

OF OPEN SPACES OF

IN THE

AND OF THE REPUTATION

THE CONCERN

SCHOOL SYSTEM OF HIGHER LEVELS
TO

CONSEQUENT PROGRAMS GROWING CONVENIENCES OFFERED CONCENTRATED AREAS

GOVERNMENT OVER URBAN SPRAWL AND ENCOURAGE MORE CONCENTRATED DEVEL6PMENT
TO

GREATER DEGREE IN

THE

MORE

10

OF SMALLER UNITS OF GOVERNMENT AND LESSENING OF THE DISTINCTIONS OF ESCAPING FROM ONE TO ANOTHER POPULAR THOUGHTS AN INCREASING DESIRE FOR AN URBAN ENVIRONMENT FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE AND MORE DISTANT OPEN AREAS FOR RECREATION INSTEAD OF SUBURBAN

COMPROMISE THE 1990
FORECAST FOR THE CITY IS THUS BASED ON CONCRETE AND ABSTRACT OF MORE DESIRABLE HOUSING CONCERN THE AVAILABILITY UNITS IN THE CITY WHILE ABSTRACT ELEMENTS INVOLVE MODIFICATION OF INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIAL ATTITUDES ON CITY LIFE AND SUBURBAN LIFE
POPULATION

CONSIDERATIONS

CONCRETE ELEMENTS

THE CITY THAT THE PAST TWENTYFIVE YEAR TREND IS TO CONTINUE AND CONTINUED LOSS IN POPULATION AN INCREASE IN BLIGHT FORECAST WOULD INDICATE FELT THAT THIS PREDICTION WOULD BE WRONG WHILE IT IS BY 1990 GENERAL DETERIORATION URBAN NO GREAT REVERSAL OF THE SUBURBANSUBDIVISION GROWTH IS FORESEEN BY 1990
IF
IT

WAS

TO BC

PRCSUMCD

BECOME OF GREATER CONCERN AND SOME MODIFICATION SPRAWL WILL CONTINUALLY OF BATAVIA EXPECTED BEFORE BUFFALO AND ROCHESTER MEET IN THE VICINITY

BE

NUMBER OF HOUSING UNITS FIGURE PRESENTS THE ANTICIPATED CONSTRUCTED FROM THE PRESENT TO 1990
THIS
BEING

TO BE DEMOLISHED

AND

ESTIMATE

INDICATES TO 1990

THAT

NET INCREASE

OF

320

JUST PRIOR

AND

8070

JUST AFTER THAT

NEW HOUSING UNITS WOULD COME INTO DATE AS VARIOUS PROJECTS ARE COMPLETED
AND

THE VACANCY
ESTIMATED

RATE OF HOUSING UNITS

WAS

47

IN

1960

46

IN

1966

DESPITE

52090 WERE 1990

LOSS IN POPULATION

BETWEEN THOSE

AND ASSUMING 30 ROUNDED POPULATION 307 AND WERE ROUNDED TO THE NEAREST HUNDRED IN ALL CALCULATIONS FIGURES UNITS

YEARS

306

FIVE PER CENT VACANCY RATE FOR THE USING RESIDENTS PER UNIT THE 1960 AND 1966 UNIT SIZES OF 496500 AND 504500 ARE OBTAINED FOR FIGURES

POINT IS THAT BY 1990 APPROXIMATELY SIGNIFICANT 1967 IN ADDITION UNITS WILL HAVE BEEN BUILT SINCE

17

OF THE CITYS

TOTAL OF

173000

HOUSING
UNITS
IN

WI

11

CITY

APPROXIMATELY ALL RESIDENTIAL STRUCTURES HAVE UNDERGONE VARYING DEGREES OF REHABILITATION OF CODE AND ORDINANCE ENFORCEMENT WILL HAVE BEEN BLANKETED BY PROGRAM
POPULATION FOR EACH OF THE CITYS POPLLATION FOR BUFFALO IS

29

OF THE TOTAL

THE

THE PLANNING THE ROUNDED
WILL

COMMUNITIES AND NEIGHBORHOODS
SET AT

IS

PRESENTED

PLANNING AND CONSTRUCTION VIL1

500000

PROGRAMS

OF

DEMOLITION

GAIN THE GROUND COVERAGE OF THE UNITS

BE STRUCK

BALANCE BETWCCN LOSS AND CONRINUC AFTCR 1990BUT IT IS ASSUMED AT THE SAME TIME MORE OPEN SPACE WILL BE PROVIDED BY REDUCING

PROVIDED

CONCLUSIONS
BUFFALO WILL
IN

CONTINUE

TO DECLINE

SHOULD BE IN POPULATION FOR PLANNING PURPOSES ESTABLISHED

POPULATION UNTIL THE MID1970S EVIDENCE BY 1980 POPULATION FIGURE
IN

MODEST INCREASE
OF

500000

SHOULD BE

THE AREA OF THE CITY OF BUFFALO IS VERY SMALL IN COMPARISON TO OTHER MAJOR CITIES DUE TO THEIR LARGER AREAS IN WHICH TO EXPAND OTHER CENTRAL CITIES WILL CONTINUE TO PASS BUFFALO IN POPULATION EVEN THOUGH THEY DO NOT APPROACH BUFFALOS POPULATION DENSITY PER
SQUARE

MILE
BUFFALO
OUTSIDE THE CITY

METROPOLITAN

BOUNDARIES

WILL

CONTINUE TO GROW IN POPULATION
OF

FUTURE LEGISLATION DEVELOPMENT
OF THE

AND SOCIAL

VALUES

MAY BEGIN
II

TO AFFECT THE URBAN SPRAWL TYPE

POST WORLD

WAR

PERIOD
PROVIDED
WILL AFFECT THE TYPE OF

THE FORM
WHICH
IS

OF

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES

DEVELOPMENT

TO TAKE

PLACE

OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA AS SINGLE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL UNIT WILL FUNCTIONING LOCAL GEVERNMENT MAY BE ALTERED TO REFLECT THIS SITUATION GROW IN SIGNIFICANCE

THE

IVF

TABLE

NEIGHBORHOOD AND COMMUNITY PLANNING
00

POPULATIONS
OCOCOAC

OOC0

00000000

HFLO
OOOSO
N4C4F40
CL

FL

CBCOCHROOEFL

IRIMHT

4C
TE

ZZ
RE

OSFL

04
CE

TLWTJ
0004

OBN004 44C0
01040M
0O04CQCE4 040C4C0404N4 40

ONVNN

OTJO40

U4FL4

40000

0C VT

404

00

FLM4

404

1FL001040000011 40400044 4NI44

ON

000 II
CI

OIEL00

I4
4N0

OOROOOOA

14

NS0R4ITO0
160040

00004

1410

NC 400 VSI 04 NN44444

0N

4OFLO

CONN 111

0I4

404C4 M40 I4N4 NN
N4

40044400

4S N4

P1

IO4SNC
00CC 0IFL
00 00

00

44

I44IFL4R4 III4IFLN

LE

TK
44

IC

IC
44

LI

0044

444

0144404

04400

44

0440

000

I4

OC
0114 4444

10 IEO10FL

010

CL

00000 404N00
N0000IN104

00000 NOOOIE
0400NTI

400
IC

0000 R0IITO
F0CIOI
CL

0000 0R0
CTTO00IFL
CL

00000 0010CE40
C0000H10

00000 00400
0044000

II

IC

CL

R40OCO4

CL

NN00TI
10

14N1000
I0IVIC004 NIFLNIIIN 4104IN00N IT4

400
IC

000 0000000

4CIN0C

40N00

0000N4 NT004
00

4N4 N4NNA
40000400

IC

440

00

44N14
000040 00000T

404014 000II4N

IN

00

SRC4 00

N0

440044 040004 444010

0CQNCN 0044004
00

CL

0000404004

4W0
344400 00104400 N00NO0

44

10

40
10

104

00

0004 4I4 00C40000
000000044

CL
III

II

IT

04004 044400 40 NONCLOI
0040000004

00

044

40000I 4000 0440

N00NN

CL

00040
1014004

00

000044

444000 044 4N
0000400
141400IC

CL IC
104

00004

TO

II
10

01

01044

01 IN

401CO 4400000

N0N44 4000000
INIIN

44
51

30004 401

4N

IC IC

00440 NI4IFL NNCI

104

IC

40014 400000 11

00004
00

140

N414

440 0010 1444 044
4444
41 44

NNIN004
0000000000
IN

00 00

4400000 444

00000000 004400 000 40

00

N4

440000 004000 NB
CIN

00010

4440 10440
4NNI4

00 00

4000040 0004400 4400000 41

0000004
4T04N0000

CIICN4

N444
40

ZOO
04

0000 400
104444
00

0O
044

044440 44004444

441014

44440T0
44

C4404C

IV

13

IC

ERUGIF
TINU DNA

DETAPICITNA NOITILOMED NOITCURTSNOC 09919691 ECNEREFER DETALER
OT

GNISUOH

SREBMUN

SDOOHROBHGIEN

NVT

03

DO DWOWDIOU
IOU

LSIN L 3 NHV
OAL

NS

XDMA

91

AV

YI
01

9OM

INDI

NIHV9
90A

31 OS

D8IAVI3

HV

LFIALO

31 OSI

A9O
O3

INI

COMMUNITY
EAST
AYA4
EL1
NO

AND
II

NAME
YET

NORTH
ST

PORKFL

INDUSTR
EAST PORK

BOIZ

UEEALC
BABCOCK

SCUFL

NEIGHBORHOOD COMMUNITY
RR
BY

IZ

11

LARKIN
9TV
AL

VI

DENSITY

NAME

BUFFALO RIVER SOUTH TRI
RDIN

ETIRT1FLITITVTFLTREU

POPULATION NEIGHBORHOOD
ND 11

IV

UNITS ACRE

20

30 40 40

PROPOSED
FIGURE

HOUSING PER UNDER E11120 30

TI

61

VI

DNA

ERUGIF

NOITALUPOP YTIC 0391 NOITALUPOP NABR DRAOB

YTNUOC 0991

DNA GNINNALP YTIC GNISUOH HTWORG 7691

0791 SERUGIFMORF
NO

ENIL

EHT

STOD

ETACIDNI GNITLUSER 0791
ETON

SUSNEC

FIGURE
LOTATLOS

NEW
RENTEL
RENEWAL RENESACI PROJECT PROJECT PROJECT TOTAL

HOUSING

CURRENTLY
NAHER
360 190 362

PROGRAMMED
OF

FOR

DEVELOPMENT
STATUS

IN

BUFFALO
ANT
ID

197075

SPOFLSORTBG ORGFLITTTLOVI URBAN

FBI

FLICOTT
ELLICOTT

ILLICOT

TJFCFLHTAGERE NOT LETTED

PROPERTIE FRONTLT

LOV
812

TYPE

OF

OCCUPANCY

LATE

UNDER COONTIVCTICFL UNDER CONSTRUTTLOFL
IA

360 LOG 80 282

NEPOTLETLON

NARYLFLD
UTICA

STREET WNT RENEWAL PROJECT TOTAL

NARYNER REDCOAT NNT SELECTED

1ST

242 52 294

LOUDEODERET
LOU

INTO

UNDER CONSTRUCTION
IN PLANOLNI

202 12

LAME INTO
LETNEE

WTYYOFLT

UTBES

RNWSL

PROJECT TOTAL

TI0C TLI
IPXIOIAAET
1401

FRONTIER FRONTIER FRONTIER

561 211

LOW
LOUFANDERETE

UNDR COETRUCTLOA COESTRUCTIA AVEITLOF
IN

1624 2400

LOEEODERETEEELT

NE
IA

161 211

1144

DIG

01

STREAT UTICA RENEWAL PROJECT TETEL

TELATTED

1274
270

LOCWODERATE INTO

LEAD

PREPAFATLON 360 824

ILOTMS IJST

AUTHORITY AGREE 1104

EANT

TO LEASE

LACE
100 300 200 LOW LOW LOU

ELDERLY

RLCLEOND

SUER

ILOUSLNJ

AUTHORITY
AUTISORITY

INTO
INCOE

ELDERLY ELDERLY

UNDER CONOTRUTTION DOELOOER

100

TO

BE DETEROISSED SITES TOTAL

LOU IN

SCATTERED

HOSAING AUTHORITY

INTO

FEELLIE

DE

SELCTD
AELETTED

300
200

1710

2408

2002

1140

50

L68

UNITS
USITS

TO BE LEASED BY THE UFFELOLLOUSLLSG TO BE LEASED BY THE IUFALIIOUSIAA

AUTHORITY

AUTHORITY

AS LOW FLAT PUBLIC HOUSING AS LOW RENT EAD ELDERLY PUBLIC

ISOUSING

FIGURE

ADDITIONAL

NEW
0DIT
RISE

HOUSING

1ST
IROSS LOUSING

PROGRAMMED

FOR

THE
114113 AS

PERIOD
STO

SF
TOWISHNUSE

IHINON
ELSE

FOSLDENTLAL
10 SI 105115

ACREUTE

PER ACRE

20 1015 PEE PORE

30 PER

IMIT ATE

TOTAL

TIN
TAT

0LIOCATLON
FLINITS 10

AT
NOD NEW

PLAN
FOE

PAYB

DOTE OF START COOSTT

ONTO OF

OTT
ILA

START CONSTE OTT

IT
174
72

IIL
IFL6 72

ID7

IA

07
122 313

40
48

CORNS

40
96

TWIT

UNIT

AETNA

100

61
AL 122

60

LOS

172
DL

104 174

02

150
ISO

60
122

60
ISO

OSO

172 172

190

300

Z8
LLLE 200 150
ISO

I7
IIS
579 077 177

560
0240

2720

172

4A

ISO
II

264

244

D7I
100

PRO0R
121

172

123

109
210

218

173 172

109

100

60

34
173
III

54

34
AS

502

II

L7S I70 L74
170 374 170 074 370 IIA INI 174 174 114

302

42
231 030 234 541

25
375

NIH

32

69

172 172

264

262

262

1262

320
120

120
240

360

ISO

180

300
AGO

100
300

000

130 134

172 173 171 172 172 173 475 132 172 172

226

221

225

221

100 170
370

100

12

202
404

100
324

590

AL

409

450

5178

II
244 900

122
122

322

366

153

103

ZIZZI
300 600
600 1000

244

2400

ISS

555

515

39
39

39
70

60

II 64

CA

23
64

64

31

23

35 131 131 92

7T31515905J

0021

190

74

IV16A

COMMUNITY RENEWAL PROGRAM
ON APRIL 22
OF THE BUFFALO

971

THE CITY

PLANNING BOARD CERTIFIED

THE PROPOSALS

COMMUNITY RENEWAL PROGRAM EXTENSION BRIEF EXCERPTS OF THE ARE PRESENTED HERE FOR FULL DETAILS OF THE REPORT REFER TO THE BUFFALQ COMMUNITY RENEWAL PROGRAM EXTENSION NATHANIEL KEITH AND MARCON OLEARY AND ASSOCIATES INC DATED FEBRUARY 1971

ONE INITIAL

OBSTACLE TOPROSPECTIVE EXPANDED RENEWAL EFFORTS IS THE ACUTE SHORTAGE OF RETOCATION HOUSING IN SOUND CONDITION AND THE INADEQUATE RATE OF NEW HOUSNG CONSTRUCTION IN THE CITY LAND CAN NOT BE USED BUILTUP FOR NEW WITHOUT PRODUCING FURTHER DISPLACEMENT REHABILITATION EFFORTS ALSO RESULT IN CONSIDERABLE FAMILY

HOUS

DISPLACEMENT

CRITICAL HOUSING SITUATION NOW EXISTS IN THE CENTRAL CITY THE COM BINATION OF GROWING BLACK POPULATION ABANDONMENT OF SOME DILAPIDATED HOUSING UNITE AND INCREASING DETERIORATION OF MANY OTHER UNITS HAS CAUSED SEVERE SHORTAGE OF SOUND HOUSING THE ONLY SIGNIFICANT HOUSING STOCK ECONOMICALLY AVAILABLE TO THE VAST MAJORITY OF THE CENTRAL CITY POPULATION IS THAT IN WHITE OWNERSHIP ON THE FRINGE OF TRADITIONALLY BLACK NEIGHBOR HOODS HERE ONCE STABLE ETHNIC AREAS ARE TO EXPERIENCE BEGINNING RAPID TURNOVER AS LONGTERM RESIDENTS MOVE OUT OF THE CITY AND LEAVE THEIR NEIGHBORHOOD FOR THE EXPANDING BLACK POPULATION HOUSING CENSUS DATA INDICATED THAT 218 PERCENT OF ALL HOUSING THE CITY WERE SUBSTANDARD IN THE MAJOR SEGMENT OF THE INNER CITY WHICH IS NOW INCORPORATED IN THE MODEL CITY AREA THE 1960 DATA SHOWED 369 PERCENT OF HOUSING UNITS AS SUBSTANDARD AND MORE THAN 30 PERCENT OF ALL HOUSEHOLDS WITH ANNUAL INCOMES UNDER THE 1960 UNITS IN

3000

THE ORIGINAL BUFFALO COMMUNITY RENEWAL PROGRAM COMPLETED IN 1965 ES TIMATED THAT 28542 DWELLING UNITS OR 17 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL SUPPLY THEN REQUIRED CLEARANCE BECAUSE OF CONDITION AND THAT 42 PERCENT REQUIRED WHAT WAS THEN TERMED AS CONSERVATION CONSERVATION AND REHABILITATION IN 1969 THE STUDY OF THE BUFFALOAINIHERST CORRIDOR SPONSORED BY THE NEW YORK STATE OFFICE OF PLANNING COORDINATION IN CONNECTION WITH THE MAJOR CAMPUS DEVELOPMENT OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO UNIVERSITY ESTI MATED THAT 348 PERCENT OF THE EXISTING HOUSING IN THE BUFFALO SECTOR OF THE CORRIDOR WAS SUBSTANDARD THAT SECTOR INCLUDED LARGE PORTION OF THE INNER CITY STATISTICS IN CONNECTION WITH THE CITYS COMPILED SYSTEMATIC HOUSING CODE COMPLIANCE PROGRAM ESTIMATE THAT OVER 30000 HOUSING UNITS OR 18 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL CURRENT HOUSING SUPPLY ARE SUBSTANDARD OR DEFICIENT THAT PERCENTAGE VARIED WIDELY BY NEIGHBORHOOD CONDITIONS RANGING UP TO 47 PERCENT IN SOME INNER CITY DISTRICTS

IV

17

THE BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR STUDY IN STATE OFFICE OF PLANNING COORDINATION UNITS IN THE CORRIDOR BY 1985 HOUSING INDIRECTLY BY NORMAL THE STUDY BE GENERATED

1969

SPONSORED BY THE NEW YORK NEED FOR ABOUT 70000 PROJECTED OF WHICH 42000 WOULD DIRECTLY OR

BY THE SUNYAB PROGRAM AND THE BALANCE PRIMARILY IN THE SUBURBS PRINCIPALLY OF THE 42000 UNITS ESTIMATED THAT CLOSE TO ONEHALF WOULD BE DEVELOPED WITHIN THE CITY SEGMENT OF THE CORRIDOR WHICH EXTENDS NORTHWARD FROM THE BUFFALO WATERFRONT ON BALANCE MOST OF THESE UNITS IN THE CITY WOULD BE FOR REPLACEMENT OF EXISTING SUBSTANDARD UNITS

EXPANSION

THE

STUDY

FURTHER

PUBLICLYASSISTED
WOULD BE WITHIN

THAT THERE WOULD BE PROJECTS NEED FOR CLOSE TO 14000 UNITS LOW AND MODERATE INCOME OF WHICH CLOSE TO 9000 THE CITY

IS IN BUFFALOS INTEREST TO STIMULATE NEW HOUSING CONSTRUCTION WITHIN THE CITY TO SERVE THE HOUSING NEEDS OF MANY CENTRAL CITY RESIDENTS AS WELL AS SATISFY CURRENT DEMAND FOR NEW HOUSING BY BUFFALO RESIDENTS LIV THE CITY ING ELSEWHERE IT

THE PRESENT TIME 6100 NEW HOUSING UNITS HAVE BEEN PROGRAMMED FOR CONSTRUCTION DURING THE 19701975 THE MAJORITY PERIOD OF THESE WILL BE CONSTRUCTED ON LAND MADE AVAILABLE THE URBAN RENEWAL PROGRAM THROUGH FOR LOW AND MODERATEINCOME FAMILIES AND ELDERLY PERSONS DEVELOPMENT AND CONSTRUCTION WILL INVOLVE THE BUFFALO MUNICIPAL HOUSING AUTHORITY THE NEW YORK STATE URBAN DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION THE NIAGARA FRONTIER HOUSING DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION AND SEVERAL PRIVATE DEVELOPERS SUM AND MARY OF THESE ACTIVITIES TIMETABLE FOR COMPLETION IS INCLUDED IN FIGURE
IT

AT

RECOMMENDED THAT THESE CURRENT EFFORTS BE EXPANDED BY THE CONSTRUC OF AN ADDITIONAL 10525 NEW UNITS IN TWENTYONE LOCATIONS THROUGH OUT THE CITY THESE UNITS ARE PROGRAMMED OVER AN EIGHTYEAR PERIOD AS SUMMARIZED IN FIGURE THIS PROGRAM IS ALSO SUBJECT TO EXPANSION AS LATER STAGE DEVELOPMENT ON SEVERAL PROPOSED NEW URBAN RENEWAL PROJECTS MAY YIELD AS MANY AS 5500 ADDITIONAL UNITS DURING THE LATTER PART OF THE 1970S TION EXISTING HOUSING ACTIVITIES DESCRIBED IN FIGURE AND PLANNED NEW CONSTRUCTION DESCRIBED IN FIGURE YIELD 16625 NEW HOUSING UNITS WITH POTENTIAL TO 23775 EXPANSION TOTAL UNITS THIS LEVEL OF NEW HOUS ING PRODUCTION WILL BE UNPRECEDENTED IN RECENT BUFFALO AND WILL HISTORY MOVE THE CITY RAPIDLY TOWARD SOLUTION OF ITS CURRENT HOUSING PROBLEM

IS

TOGETHER

IV

18

ALONE WILL NOT NEW LEVELS OF HOUSING PRODUCTION IMPRESSIVE LAND DEV TASKS OF LAND ASSEMBLAGE FINANCING THE INTRICATE ACCOMPLISH THIS STUDY RECOMMENDS ELOPMENT CONSTRUCTION AND PROJECT MANAGEMENT AGENCIES AND UNDERTAKEN BY VARIOUS BUFFALO ACTIONS TO BE IMMEDIATE FIVE UNIT NEW HOUSING THE 10525 AS FIRST STEPS IN INITIATING ORGANIZATIONS

PLANNING

PROGRAM

THESE

ACTIONS

ARE

THE HERTEL AVENUE URBAN RENEWAL AREA TO BEGIN INITIATE AND 43 LAND ASSEMBLAGE FOR 450 NEW HOUSING UNITS BUFFALOS OUTER NEIGHBORHOODS ACRE PARK IN ONE OF ACTIVELY

DEV INTERESTED PRIVATE ENCOURAGE AND ASSIST WALDEN PARK DEVELOPMENT OF THE ELOPERS IN INITIATION FEW REMAINING NEW TOWNINTOWN ON ONE OF BUFFALOS
LARGE INITIATE VACANT

TRACTS

PROGRAM THE COLD SPRING URBAN DEVELOPMENT RENEWAL AND MODEL BETWEEN THE URBAN AS PARTNERSHIP TO RENEWAL MECHANISM CITIES PROGRAMS USING THE URBAN LAND VACANT AND UNDERUTILIZED MAKE PREDOMINANTLY FOR HOUSING CORPORATION TO THE MODEL CITIES AVAILABLE RE THEREBY CREATING STAGED BASIS NEW HOUSING ON LOCATION HOUSING DURING EARLY STAGES IN THE SAME WHO WILL BE REQUIRED TO MOVE FOR FAMILIES NEIGHBORHOOD FOR LATER STAGE NEW HOUSING CONSTRUCTION NEIGHBORHOOD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM THE MODEL CITIES INITIATE AREA TO BUILD UPON RECENT IN THE SOUTHERN MODEL CITIES THE STAGED PROJECT AND CONTINUE PROGRESS IN THE ELLICOTT CENTRAL CITY AREA OF BUFFALOS MOST DETERIORATED REDEVELOPMENT

THE

FOUR ITEMS IN THE PLANNING BOARD APPROVED THE ABOVE THE BOARD DID NOT APPROVE THE FIFTH ITEM LISTED BELOW ANY REPORT BE FUTURE PROPOSAL TO USE PARK LAND FOR OTHER USES WOULD HAVE TO ACTION WAS TO BE TAKEN AND CAREFULLY BEFORE ANY REVIEWED INDIVIDUALLY
CITY

FOR REDISTRIBUTION AND ADMINISTRATIVELY PAVE THE WAY LEGALLY NEW STATE THE CITY BY INVESTIGATING OF PARK LAND THROUGHOUT AND ESTABLISHING PROGRAM TO ALLOW LIMITED LEGISLATION AND SOUTH IN GROVER CLEVELAND HOUSING DEVELOPMENT

PARKS

IV9

FLU

WY

DOVOIUF
FIFL

URBAN

RD LIT

WFLOWAI AREA
FI

SR

I7F

LS
T5 41S
UU

UR AN

TLLUD

PROGRAMI

4U
IU4II

FL

1W

CITIES

DEVELOPMENT

ZI

IU

L4
UVX
II

FL

OUTH

IOVOIOPMENT

PARK

UU

IMMEDIATE

ACTION

PROIECT
IV20

LL
IT

LI

RUUA
II

II
NOA
IL

YJIII

IIII
ODRL

11111111

IL241K2J

IA

BRO
AI
NJ
II

FL

THRUWAY
IITIJSRLU

IA

11

SATES
TALL

LA

FUTURE TREATMENT

AREAS
5111111

AL
IV2L

II

TILL

RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER

FIVE

SECTION

ONE

FRANK

SEDITA

MAYOR

BUFFALO NEW YORK

CITY PLANNING

BOARD

HARPER CHAIRMAN HENRY RAE VICECHAIRMAN JAMES GRANT CRUMPLEY REVEREND THEODORE DILLAWAY DOMANSKI ADAM GRECO DR PASQUALE THE RT REV MONSIGNOR WILLIAM
DIVISION EUGENE
DIRECTOR
OF

WOZNIAK

OF PLANNING
FITZGERALD PLANNING

REPORT PREPARED BARRICK PLANNER PRINCIPAL
PAUL

BY

PARTICIPATING
FL

STAFF

MARY ANN BODNAR ELIZABETH MCCOSKEY
DOROTHY OLEAR RACHEL PALMERI

MELVIN ALSTON
DOUGLAS CARROLL WILLIAM CHERRY ROBERT DEANTHONY RICHARD GENNUSO VICTOR GENNUSO RICHARD KNELL DANIEL PANARO

NOVEMBER 1968

RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER

FIVE

SECTION

ONE

CONTENTS

PAGE

INTRODUCTION

GENERAL INTRODUCTION
FL

PARK AND RECREATION

STANDARDS
11 11

RECREATION PLAN
NEIGHBORHOOD

COMMUNITY
CITY

39
44

WIDE

APPENDICES

51

INDEX

73

FO

DEEN
SA

EH

SKRAP
EHT
OT

RAW KROY LIVIC WEN
ROF
OT

DERAPERP HCUS EMACEB YTIC DETSMLO
FO

NA

DETSMLO
ENILTUO
8681
NA

DLEIF

DNA

OT

EHT
EB

NI

2581
NI NI

DEZINGOCER RETFA
KRAP
FO
NI

GNINWOD
OLAFFUB
NO

DETSEUQER
TNESERP REBOTCO
OT

EETTIMMOC
RAEN
EHT EHT
NI OT

SRETTOP
EKAL

KRAP NWAL

SAW

DNA

ROYAM
OT

DLUOC

ERIUQCA
DNAL EHT 9681 KRAP

EHT

TEERTS RETROP
TSEW
NA

TNORF TSEROF LAICIFITRA
FO

NOITALSIGEL LICNUOC
LIRPA TCELES

REVIR

NOSDUH
WAL DNA
EHT
NI

DETSMLO EERHT NEEB DESOPORP
TA

SRAEY LARTNEC NOISIV

EETTIMMOC
XUAV
FO

ESNEPXE OLAFFUB TROPER ETAVIRP SKRAP
OT

HGIH TROF

KEERC
EHT
NI

TSAL
OT

DETNESERP
GNILBANE TIMREP
TAHT

SAW

DAH

DENWORD
XUAV NALP
EB

KCIREDERF
NO

SEITIC
TAHT
NI

EHT

YTIC

SNEZITIC
8681 DNA NI
ROF

DETTIMBUS
EREW
SETIS
EHT
YB

DETSEGGUS TNECAJDA ADAUQAJACS KRAP
EHT

NALP

DEPOH
SAW
TI

ERUTALSIGEL
SAW

DENIATBO SRENOISSIMMOC
DETNIOPPA
ROYAM

SIHT KRAP

ETIS

FO

YNAPMOC
DNA

GNIHSILBATSE XUAV
EHT

NACIREMA
RENTRAP
ETIS

TROPER SISAO

DETSMLO
DNAL

EERHT

KNAB KRAP ERAWALED REBMEVON
EHT

KEERC
ETATS KRAP EVLEWT
EHT

8681

LICNUOC
MORF
ROF

CILBUP

NETSAM

NO

YRETEMEC DEMROF
NOMMOC DERUCES

NI

NOITCUDORTNI
EHT
FO

DENRUTER CD MADRETSMA ROTSJRAIFM NACIREMA NOITAERCER EROFEB NOSDUH CITNAMOR REHTAR TCETIHCRA GNIHCAERP HCAORPPA MORF LOOHCS HTNEETENIN NOITCEJER YRUTNEC YTILIBISNOPSER ECAPS RUEDNARG ERUTAN YDEETNHESETRP NOTGNIHSAW YLRAE NEPO EGALLIV TTOCILLE GNINEPO EPACSDNAL NOISSIM EPACSDNAL GNINWOD REVIR LARUTAN DETNESERPER ROVAF EPORUE RENTRAP SDNUORG HTNEETENIN CILBUP DELLIF DEDIVORP MEHT MORF HPESOJ LAMROFNI NOSDUH REHTO SRETNIAP LOOHCS XUAV CILBUP WERG DERRUCCO SKRAP SEIRETEMEC STEERTS DETANIMOD GNINWOD HCAORPPA DEZISAHPME ESNES MSILAIRTSUDNI TREVLAC XUAV OLAFFUB NOSKCAJ GNISSERTS NAEPORUE EPACSDNAL LOOHCS HTWORG DEPOLEVED EDIVORP SAERA CILBUP ELIBOMOTUA WERDNA YRUTNEC SAERA DETAICOSSA
EHT EHT EHT

LANAC
NI

SEITIC ETAVIRP

DNA
FO

SDNAMED

NAHT AERA DIM DEEN

EHT

REHTAR REVIR

NGISED

EHT
OT

YRUTNEC

NAHT

EHT

OT
FO

GNINWOD

NALP

EIRE

WEN

FO

EHT

EHT

ROF

EHT

DNA

FO

DEEN

0581

FO

NI

EHT

NI

EHT

EHT

HTIW
EKIL

TRAP

SAW

DAH

FO

NI

NI

EH

YB

OSLA

4081
NI

SA

TLEF

NA

EHT

DNA

OHW
TIX

HTIW
DIAL

EHT

SA

ROF

DNA
FO

YTIC EHT SAW

FO

ROF

HCIHW

SUTEPMI OLAFFI

TON DID

SA

TI

NOITAERCER GNILLORTS

EHT

FO

HTNEETENIN

NEPO

FO

LAMROF NEEB TNEMEVOM NOSDUH

EHT SAH

REVIR SEITIC SETATS SEULAV GNIWORG GNINWOD DETINU

NI

TEM

HTIW

RO

EROMLLIF TNEDISERP

EYESORE
AN

BEEN
HAD

IMMEDIATELY NURSERIES AGASSIZ ROADBEDS CONNECTIONS
BEEN NOW
HAD

WERE
WAS
TO

CIRCLE
THE

CREEK SOUGHT
1871
IN
TO

NEAR

AND

THE

1874

WAS
AND

QUARRY
BY

SCAJAQUADA WATER COMPLETED
OF

CONSTRUCTION
1872
IN

PARKWAY PARKWAYS AMHERST
BRIDLE
AND

STREET
CITY

BICYCLE POPULAR AND BECOME
HAD

GROW
ZOO
THAT
IN

OCTOBER
WITH 1937
IN

CONTINUED
BELIEF GROW
AND BUT
OF

ASSISTANCE RESUMED
WERE WORK ROCK HEWN

DUE

COMPLAINTS
WERE

MADE

COLVIN
THE

PARK

OF

PARK
FOR

OF

SHORELINE
THIS

BODY WAS LAKE

SHRUBBERY
STONE
WAS
THE
IN
IN

OPENED
LINCOLN
THE

HUMBOLDT PROVIDED PARKWAY
AND

AT

BOATING
THE
IN

1892

1920S BEGAN
LATE
THE
IN
IN

PROGRAM

STONE LABOR
BY
IN

SOURCE

ATTEMPTS
1890S
THE

NOW

EDGE
BY

1896 PARK

DONATIONS
FROM

OF

FOR AND AND

SWAMPY
THE THE THE
OF IN IN

IMPROVEMENT EXCAVATION ESTABLISHED
AND THE
OF

PROVIDE PROVIDED PARKWAY CHAPIN FILLED CHAPIN BIDWELL
NOW
AND THE

TO

AVENUE NORTHERLY FACILITIES NEEDED ORIGINATED ENTRANCES JEWETT AROUND PLACED SMALL WERE PARK SPECIMENS COMPLETED AVENUE REROUTED PATHS
WERE

IMPROVEMENT MODERNIZATION
DELAY
FEW

CONSTRUCTION CRUSHED RELIEF
BECOME
HAD

YEARS QUARRY
LAKE PARK

GROWTH

BEGAN

ZOO THE WAS

WPA FUNDS FINISHED
THE

CAUSED
FROM

MANHATTAN MANMADE
AND

SEAWEED
ODOR
FOUL
TO

TOO

THE

WAS 1935 LACK

TAKEN

PROVIDE THEOFR NT
TO
IT

TO

DESIGNED
WAS

EXHIBITED FEATURED
MAP
THE

RETAINED DELAWARE APPROACHES
AGAIN PARK 1876
IN

WAS MAP

RICHMOND DELAWARE HUMBOLDT PARKWAY COMMERCIAL
AVENUE
PARK
THE

EXTENDING RAILROAD
AND
AS

1870
IN

PARADE

BUFFALO
OF

CEMETERY ONLY WORK BETWEEN SOUTH LAWN NORTHEAST CREEK 1900
TO

IN

IN

THE

STATE
THE

FOREST
THE THE AND

THE
ON

ELIGIBLE
CITY
THE

BY IN

CITY

WERE

1878
IN

LEGISLATION
AND

WERE VAUX
THE
IN

STATE
THE

DESIGNS DESIGNED OLMSTED
AND

AND

THEIR PARIS

PARKS
WERE 1870

AND NEW 1876
IN

SYMPHONY
CIRCLE
PLANS

PARKWAYS PARKWAY BIDWELL HUMBOLDT
AND

CROUNDS PROPOSED INDUSTRIAL PROPOSAL PERCHASED ASYLUM
BY

ALSO WAS

BUT

DEVELOPMENT SERVICE
PARADE
THREE
THE
THE

LIST

SCAJAQUADA
STREET THIS AVENUE SENECA STIFLED
WAS THE

THE
OF

ACQUIRED
SIDE
WAS

TO

GIVEN STATE NORTH STREET HAD PRIVATE CIVIL THE GRANT STREETS
WAR
ON

BEEN

AND

WITH

KEEPING

IN

NECESSARY

THE
AND

EXHIBIT

P1NFRO T CHAPIN AGASSIZ PARK SYSTEM DEVELOPMENTS
IN

LINCOLN CIRCLE

FILLMORE

PARK
TO

BY

CIVIL LAND
WAS THE
THE

AND

AVENUE THE AVENUE DELAWARE HOUNDED PARKS BETWEEN PARKSIDE VETERANS ELMWOOD BANK
THE
OF
IT

THOSE

THE

1894

II

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III

WAS
THE
OF TO IN

FORMERLY
THE
TO

IT

PARK

FOR

PARK
THE

TIME

OF

1925
THE
IN

SITE
ON
IS

BANKS
BOTH
ON

DUE
IN

ENLARGED
IN

1925

CITY
THE
BY

BUILT WAS

ADJACENT
AT

RECEIVED
CODY
AT

WAS PARK

ACQUIRED
HAD

ENGULFED
THE
BUT

SAME
AND
THE

ACREAGE CITY 1935 OLMSTED INTENTION COMPLEX POINT INTO LAW
THE
THE

OF

THE

NORTHEAST
1898
IN

WITH

PURCHASED
FIRST
THE
OF

STRUCTURE
69
76 80

WHICH
ACRE FIRST
CITY
THE
BY ON BY

SITE

SCHOOL

WAS

WAS

PARK
THE

1LOUGHTON
1890
31 IN

FARM PRINCIPAL MILLS AFTER CALLED NAMED
CITY

PURCHASED
SITE

THIS RESIDENTIAL
AN

CAZENOVIA ACRES DEVELOPMENT AREAS URBAN ADDITIONAL TIME
IN

WAS

1887

PARKWAY THEOST NY EXTENDED BUFFALO
WITH

FREDERICK
NEAR

PARK
SOUTH
OF

LAKESHORE
THE POINT STONY POINT WITH STONY PARK THE

CONNECTION SOUTH
THE

PARK CITY 1892
IN

OF

BEGUN
WAS

CLUBHOUSE
BUILT

WHILE

CITY
THE
BY

WHICH
BY

ACQUIRED
WAS PARK

PREVENTED
THE
BY
IT

CITY
FOR
OF

MAINTAINED
THE

DEVELOPMENT
GREENHOUSE
BUFFALO
CLUB

CREEK
FROM
BY

ACRES

WAS
WAS
OF

CAZENOVIA DISTANCE
1899 GOLF
THE
OF

COURSE
SOUTH
CITY

PURCHASED
SOUTH LINES SOLD

ANNEXED STUDIES
LARGE
PARK

CONNECTING RAILROAD
LATER
WAS
HAD

LACKAWANNA ENTIRE SUBMITTED CONSTRUCTION

COUNTRY
THE

AND

1851
IN

PARK

ASSUMED

1926
IN

IN

PUBLIC SQUARE

1839
OF IN

COMMISSION
THE

MCKINLEY
PARK
THE
IN AS

DRAINED GROUNDS PLOWED PARADE

GRADED

SCHOOL
HIGH WAS NEW

THE

TO

WAS
IT

PARK
FIELD
FOR

PROVIDED
MASTEN
IN

BUT

BE
TO

CREEK
WAS 1IN98 6
IS

CITY
THE
BY

NIAGARA
THE

PARK

LEASED
TO

MAKE
IN

1873 THE

DEDICATION
1907
IN

PARADE SERVED REPLACED
THE THE

WAS

POTTERS
AS

NEED
THE

IT

PLACE

LEGISLATION
PLACE

BUILT
WAS
BUT

WHICH
SCHOOL
PARK AND THE BUILT

ADDITIONAL SCAJAQUADA
1912
1894
TO IN

LAND
LOW

AND

1928

TIME
CITY
THE

ENCLOSED

IN

WAS

SQUARE

PRESENTED
WAS

TABLED SQUARE
WAS
THE BUT

ORIGINALLY
OVER TOOK PARK

1874 WERE
BY

CONSTRUCTED
OPENED
OF

KNOWN
WAS

IN

HUMBOLDT NIAGARA MATTER RESOLUTION JURISDICTION MONUMENT PARTIALLY

STRUCTURES
NUMBER

FORMERLY
CASINO
THE

1889
BY

PROPOSAL
IN

IDEA
THE

SCHOOL

EXISTING

THE
BY

AT

WAS
THE

BEGAN
PARK
1913

OPPOSED
PRESENT MASTEN
PARK DEVELOPED
AND

THE
IN

1911
IN

IN

ACQUIRED RESULTED
AREA
1886
THE
IN

LATER

CREEK
THE

PARK
THE
OF

YEARS
BUILT
WAS TEN

COMMISSION SCHOOL
PARK

FIRE
BY

WAS
THE

PARK

THE

LOCATE

DESTROYED DEMOLISHED

SCHILLER

ACQUIRED
WAS

LAND

THROUGH DRAINED

AREA DEVELOPMENT

THE
IN

FILLED

IV

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NOISIVORP

RECREATION FACILITIES
OF RECREATION

GENERAL ANALYSIS

FACILITIES

PREVIOUS
IN

REPORTS PREPARED BY THE NATIONAL
OF PLANNING PLAN OF 1964 THE CITY IN

RECREATION

ASSOCIATION
FACILITIES

1946

THE DIVISION

1962

AND THE COMMUNITY

PLAN

OF THE

MASTER

HAVE UNDERSCORED THE DEFICIENCY
OF BUFFALO

OF

RECREATION LAND WITHIN

THE 1946
BY THE NATIONAL

INVENTORY

AND PROPOSALS FOR RECREATION AREAS PREPARED ASSOCIATION
CALLED FOR

RECREATION

STANDARD IN BUFFALO
RATIO

OF ONE ACRE FOR EACH 236

PERSONS

AT THAT TIME

THE EXISTING

WAS

ONE ACRE FOR EACH 406 PERSONS
LOCATED
IN

INCLUDING

THE LAND OF BENNETT

BEACH

EVANS TOWNSHIP

THE PERSONS

NORMALLY

RECOMMENDSONE ACRE

OF RECREATION LAND FOR EACH 100

THE
ADJUSTED
IN

NRA
ANY
CITY IN

STATED

IN

ITS

REPORT THAT THE GENERAL STANDARD MUST BE
SINCE THE APPLICATION
OF THE OF THE

TO

MEET

LOCAL CONDITIONS

STANDARD
AVAILABLE THAT THIS

BUFFALO WOULD REQUIRE OVER THE CITY TO BE

TWENTYTHREE PERCENT

LAND

IN

DEVOTED TO RECREATION STANDARD
IS
IT

USES

THE

NRA
OTHER
IS

FELT

WOULD BE AN UNJUST
DENSITY

ALSO

NOTED THAT IN

CITIES

WHERE THE
FL

OF POPULATION

LESS

THAN IN

BUFFALO

IT

NOT UNUSUAL

TO FIND TEN PERCENT OF THE LAND USED FOR RECREATION
OF THE

PURPOSES

THE PROPOSALS
OF THE LAND

NRA

IN

1946

ACTUALLY

WERE

SLIGHTLY

UNDER TEN PERCENT

AREA

OF THE CITY

OR 2487

ACRES

IT

WAS

POINTED

OUT IN

THE

REPORT PAGE
WHICH
IS

THAT BUFFALOS DENSITY

OF POPULATION FACT THAT

WAS UNUSUALLY HIGH
THE RESIDENTIAL

FURTHER

COMPOUNDED BY WITH
IN

THE

WHEN

AREA ALONE
THE DENSITY

IS

CONSIDERED
OF POPULATION

39

OF

THE LAND DEVOTED TO OTHER OF

USES
TRACTS

RESIDENTIAL

PORTIONS

SOME CENSUS

EXCEEDS

50000

PERSONS PER SQUARE
CITY

MILE 23000
YORK

THE AVERAGE

FOR ALL RESIDENTIAL

AREAS IN THE

WAS APPROXIMATELY
OUT THAT THE

PERSONS PER SQUARE
STATE HEALTH TO BE

MILE
IN

IT

WAS

ALSO POINTED

NEW

DEPARTMENT

FEBRUARY 1944 ESTIMATED
THIS

THE CITYS THE CITYS

POPULATION

587 367 PERSONS
DUE LARGELY
TO

MAY WELL HAVE BEEN
11

PEAK OF POPULATION

WORLD WAR

ACTIVITIES

FOR

THE CITY

AS

WHOLE

THE STANDARD OF ONE ACRE OF PLAYGROUND FOR EACH 800

SPACE AND ONE ACRE OF PLAYFIELD 1946
THE TOTAL

PERSONS WAS PROPOSED

IN

LAND DEVOTED TO RECREATION THEN

WAS

1445

ACRES

TABLE

PROVIDES

COMPARISON

OF THE ACREAGE RESERVED FOR

RECREATION WITH FIVE BASED ON THE 1960
AVAILABLE

COMPARATIVE
SINCE

CITIES

AND FOR BUFFALO

THE

FIGURES

ARE

CENSUS

THESE ARE THE ONLY FIGURES

PRESENTLY

ON

UNIFORM

BASIS

THE

RATIO

OF

027

ACRES OF RECREATION

NATIONAL RECREATION

ASSOCIATION

FACILITIES PAGE 12

BUFFALO

PLAN OF RECREATION AREAS AND NEW YORK NEW YORK CITY MARCH 1946

TABLE

SUMMARY OF RECREATION ACREAGE FOR
BUFFALO AND COMPARATIVE CITIES
1960 1960

CITY

MILWAUKEE BALTIMORE
CINCINNATI

WISCONSIN

POPULATION 027 191

ACREAGE

ACRESIGO
01 65

10355
000
913

MARYLAND
OHIO OHIO

CLEVCLAND
DETROIT
BUFFALO

922 244 494 883 869728

99

4093
831

MICHIGAN NEW YORK

1654

125

532759
HAS 1961

1444
JURISDICTION NATIONAL
OF

047 035 027
PARKS WITHIN CITY RECREATION ASSOCIATION AND

MILWAUKEE COUNTY IKIRK COMMISSION SOURCE RECREATION AND PARK YEARBOOK

CO

TABLE

II

RESIDENCES
SINE DETACHED

STRUCTURAL
LETAMILY
UNITS ATTACHED

TYPES

IN

PERCENT

1960

MILWAUKEE
BALTIMORE
CINCINNATI
13

TWO OR MORE UNITS 57

57

30
63 57 40

33 36
24

CLEVELAND
DETROIT BUFFALO

72

SOURCE

CENSUS 1960 POPULATION DENSITY COMPARED TO PERCENT 1960 OF LAND RESERVED FOR RECREATION
RECREATION

FIGURE

LAND

AS

PER CENT OF TOTAL

LAND AREA

PUMM UMIHMFH CTN UUMU
IISI

EEESM

VAUK

MEIISIIEM

ILILEILISUHI

PROPOSED

10

15

LAND PER 100

PERSONS FOR BUFFALO PERSONS

IS

FAR BELOW THE GENERAL STANDARD OF THE NATIONAL

ONE ACRE PER 100 ASSOCIATION

RECOMMENDED BY
INTENSE

RECREATION
IS

DUE

TO THE CITYS
TO ATTAIN

DEVELOPMENT

IT

UNREASONABLE

TO EXPECT THE CITY AS IS

THE GOAL OF ONE ACRE PER 100 POPULATED CITIES

PERSONS RATIO
RELATIVE SITUATION

THE CASE WITH IN

MOST DENSELY

THIS

IS

INDICATED

THE GRAPH IN

FIGURE

ON PAGE THREE
SITES WITHIN

THE

CITY

OF BUFFALO

CANNOT BE EXPECTED TO ACQUIRE EXTENSIVE

THE CITY

IT

IS

RECOMMENDEDTHAT

LARGE

PARK RESERVES SHOULD BE PROVIDED IN THE
OF THE METROPOLITAN

MORE
NEED

SPARSELY DEVELOPED SECTIONS

AREA TO MEET

THIS

THE COMMUNITY
THAT

FACILITIES

PLAN

OF THE

1964

MASTER

PLAN

RECOMMENDED
PERSONS BE

STANDARD OF

35

PER 100 PERSONS OR
THIS

35

ACRES PER 1000

ESTABLISHED

ESSENTIALLY

PROPOSAL RECOMMENDED ONE ACRE PER 1000 ONE AND ONEHALF ACRES PER 1000 AND ONE ACRE PER 1000 PERSONS FOR

PERSONS FOR CITYWIDE

PARKS
FACILITIES

COMMUNITY RECREATION
NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITIES

PERSONS FOR

THIS RECREATION

REVISION

OF THE SECTION

OF THE 1964

MASTER THE

PLAN

DEALING

WITH

WAS PREPARED
ESTIMATES

FOR TWO BASIC

REASONS

RECENT

PREPARATION HAVE

OF POPULATION

REACHING TO 1990
OF THE POPULATION

FOR THE CITY OF THE CITY

OF BUFFALO

CAUSED

REEVALUATION

ON

NEIGHBORHOOD BASIS

POPULATION HOUSING DIVISION OF PLANNING

AND URBAN BUFFALO

GROWTH 19671990 NEW YORK SEPTEMBER

1967

THE NEW PLANNING
FOUNDATION FOR THE

POPULATION

FIGURES

FOR THE YEAR IN

1990

HAVE BECOME THE

NEW RECREATION STANDARDS
OF PROVIDING

ADDITION
IS

MORE
THROUGH

AMBITIOUS
THE STATE

PROGRAM

RECREATION

FACILITIES

ANTICIPATED

AND THE FEDERAL
INDICATED

GOVERNMENTS ASSISTANCE
ACTIVITY
IN

THIS

HAS BEEN
OF SUCH FACILITIES

RECENTLY

BY INCREASED

THE PROVISION

THE DIVISION REPORT
USING
OF LAND

OF PLANNING

HAS RAISED THE PLANNING

GOAL THROUGH

THIS

TO

045

ACRES PER 100
POPULATION

PERSONS OR
OF FIVE

45

ACRES PER 1000

PERSONS
250 ACRES

PLANNING

FIGURE

HUNDRED THOUSAND

RESERVED FOR RECREATION PURPOSES WOULD BE REQUIRED

THE

1000 PERSONS FOR CITY PROPOSALS CALL FOR ONE AND ONEHALF ACRES EACH PER

WIDE COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD

FACILITIES

PARK AND RECREATION STANDARDS
ACRES PER 1000

PERSONS
OF PLAN FOR PARKS AND RECREATION
FACILITIES

THE
AREAS
IS

FIRST

STEP IN

THE ESTABLISHMENT

THE ESTABLISHMENT

OF

DESIRABLE
THESE

STANDARDS STANDARDS

EXISTING

MUST
BE

BE JUDGED ON THE BASIS

OF MEETING

THE

FACILITY

SHOULD

ADEQUATE IN
THE PLAY SHOULD

SIZE

FOR THE POPULATION

SERVED AND PROVIDE

SUFFICIENT OF

ROOM FOR
GIVEN AREA
WILL

AREA AND APPARATUS REQUIRED
STUDIED
TO

THE AGE COMPOSITION
OF FACILITIES

BE CLOSELY
CLOSELY

GUIDE THE INSTALLATION

WHICH

MOST

MEET

THE NEEDS OF THE SERVICE

AREA

THE

FACILITY

SHOULD BE

CENTRALLY

LOCATED

AND EASILY

ACCESSIBLE

THE STANDARDS WHICH FOLLOW

ALTHOUGH BASED ON NATIONAL
LOCAL CONDITIONS

STANDARDS

ARE GUIDED

TO

GREATER EXTENT

BY

CITY

WIDE RECREATION
ACRES PER 1000

FACILITIES

15

PERSONS

CITYWIDE
ACCESSIBLE

PARK REQUIREMENTS

FROM SIZE

THE ENTIRE 100

CITY

SERVES

ALL

AGE

GROUPS

MINIMUM USES

ACRES
PICNICKING
FIELD

BOATING

SWIMMING
HIKING

BASEBALL

WATER

SPORTS
PROVIDED

AND

SPORTS

ARE COMMONLY

WHERE LARGE
PARKING

CONCENTRATIONS

OF PEOPLE ARE

EXPECTED
SHOULD BE

AREAS

COMFORT STATIONS

AND SHELTERS

PROVIDED
TOTAL CITYWIDE
FACILITIES SPECIALIZED SPECIALIZED

REQUIREMENTS

INCLUDING

SPECIALIZED

ARE ONE AND
FACILITIES

HALF ACRES PER

1000

PERSONS

CENTERS OF ACTIVITY
STRIP

PROVIDED

OF

CITYWIDE

SCOPE SCENIC FEATURES
GARDENS OR RECREATIONAL

PARK ZOO

BOTANICAL

ACTIVITY

OTHER THAN

ABOVE

NO

SPECIFIC

STANDARDS

COMMUNITY

15

RECREATION FACILITIES ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS PARK REQUIREMENTS AN AREA ACCESSIBLE
WITHIN TO THE RESIDENTS THIS OF

COMMUNITY
LOCATED
IN

COMMUNITY

ONEMILE RADIUS
IN

FACILITY

WOULD SERVE SERVE

ALL

AGE GROUPS

GENERAL

IT

WOULD

20000

50000

PERSONS BASED ON APPROXIMATELY

ONEHALF ACRE PER THOUSAND PERSONS

USES

PASSIVE

RECREATION AREAS

SWIMMING
STATIONS

POOL

BAND SHELL AND PICNIC

COMFORT AND SHELTER

LANDSCAPING

AREAS COULD BE PROVIDED
PLAYFIELD

COMMUNITY

LOCATED IN AN ACCESSIBLE
TO FIVE

AREA AND SERVING FROM THREE
THIS FACILITY

NEIGHBORHOODS

WOULD SERVE

PRIMARILY
WITHIN

YOUNG PERSONS OVER FIFTEEN YEARS OF AGE

ONEMILE RADIUS
CITY

THE REQUIRED ACREAGE

FOR THE

ENTIRE

AVERAGES ONE AND AHALF ACRES PER ONE

THOUSAND PERSONS BUT THE INDIVIDUAL WOULD VARY WITH THE POPULATION THIS
IN

COMMUNITY REQUIREMENT
OF THE

DENSITY

COMMUNITY

ADJUSTMENT

IS

MADE

FOR THE OBVIOUSLY GREATER NEED

DENSELY POPULATED

AREAS

THESE COMMUNITY

PLAYFIELDS

WOULD RANGE FROM

08

ACRES TO

13

ACRES

PER THOUSAND
FACILITIES

STRESSING

FLEXIBILITY

ACCORDING
FOR

TO SPECIFIC

NEEDS

COULD INCLUDE

SEPARATE FIELDS

MEN AND WOMEN
PARKING AREAS

CROQUET AND ARCHERY AREAS AND

SWIMMING POOI
BUILDINGS

PLAYGROUND
IN

RECREATION

SHOULD BE CONSIDERED

ESPECIALLY

THE AREAS INDICATED

ON PAGE 40 AS COMMUNITY

RECREATION CENTERS

NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION FACILITIES ACRES PER 1000 PERSONS NEIGHBORHOOD CENTERED IN PLAYGROUND REQUIREMENTS PREFERABLY ADJACENT
TO

NEIGHBORHOOD

SCHOOL OR AGENCY TO PROVIDE SUPERVISION
LOCATED

YEARROUND RECREATION
THE FACILITY

WHEN POSSIBLE

SHOULD BE AREAS

NEAR AN ELEMENTARY AGES FIVE
ALL

SCHOOL

ACTIVE

EMPHASIZING PASSIVE

THROUGH

15

COULD INCLUDE

AREAS FOR
TO

AGE GROUPS

THE SERVICE

RADIUS

MAY EXTEND

ONEHALF MILE

AT LEAST ONE AREA SHOULD PERSONS WITH

BE PROVIDED FOR

NEIGHBORHOOD OF 5000

MINIMUM
INCLUDE

SITE

OF AT LEAST TWO

ACRES

FACILITIES

MAY DIAMOND
HOUSE

OUTDOOR PLAY APPARATUS AREAS PAVED

SOFTBALL SHELTER

MULTIPLEUSE

AREA

QUIET

AREA

COMFORT STATION

AND SOME PARKING SPACE

WHILE

CHARACTERISTICS

OF INDIVIDUAL

NEIGHBORHOODS

VARY

THE

GENERAL DISTRIBUTION

SHOULD BE ONE ACRE PER 1000

PERSONS FOR PLAYGROUNDS
13

NEIGHBORHOOD CENTERED
IN

PARK REQUIREMENTS NEIGHBORHOOD
POSSIBLY ADJACENT
TO

PLAYGROUND

THE NEIGHBORHOOD PARK WOULD PROVIDE

OPEN

AREA PASSIVE RECREATION
LANDSCAPING ACRE PER 1000
FOR THIS OF TYPE

BENCHES AND ATTRACTIVE

THE GENERAL STANDARD WOULD BE ONEHALF PERSONS THERE
IT

IS

NO SPECIFIC
ALSO EXIST

REQUIREMENT
IN

OF PARK

AREA

MAY

THE FORM

PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY CONNECTING VARIOUS FACILITIES

SPECIAL

RECREATION TOT TOT
LOT

STANDARDS

REQUIREMENTS
ARE GENERALLY AREAS
TO

LOTS

LOCATED

IN

MEDIUM

OR HIGH DENSITY

RESIDENTIAL

SERVE PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
FUNCTION

THEY

NORMALLY ARE NOT OPERATED AS

OF THE PARKS

DEPARTMENT

THE

DIVISION

OF PLANNING

WOULD

RECOMMEND

THAT NEIGHBORHOOD

GROUPS DEVELOPERS
AUTHORITY
THEY ARE

AND THE BUFFALO

MUNICIPAL SUCH

HOUSING

AND OTHER AGENCIES

PROVIDE

FACILITIES

WHEN
SIZE

DEEMED

TO

BE DESIRABLE

THE SUGGESTED

RANGES FROM

2500

TO

8000

SQUARE

FEET

AND THE

FACILITIES

MAY

INCLUDE

SUCH THINGS

AS AN

OPEN SHELTER SLIDES

BENCHES SAND BOX SPRAY POOI APPARATUS AND
FENCING

SWINGS

CLIMBING

TO SERVE AS
OF

SCREENING AND TO CONTROL THE WANDERING CHILDREN
SCHOOL

SMALL

SEE TABLE

IV

PAGE

38

OPEN SPACE AND RECREATION REQUIREMENTS
IT

WHILE

IS

DESIRABLE

TO LOCATE NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION TO SCHOOLS RECREATION THIS
IS

FACILITIES

NEAR OR ADJACENT

NOT ALWAYS
IS

POSSIBLE
FEET

WHEN THE NEAREST
THE

AREA

OVER 500

FROM

SCHOOL

IT

IS

RECOMMENDED

THAT TWENTYFIVE

PERCENT OF THE TOTAL

LOT

AREA OF THE SCHOOL BE DEVOTED TO PARKING
FACILITIES

RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE

SHOULD

NOT

ENCROACH UPON THE AREA RESERVED FOR THIS PURPOSE
INTENT FOR PROVIDING
TO BE THIS

THE

AREA WOULD BE FOR BOTH OPEN SPACE
ACTIVITIES

AND AN AREA

USED FOR MINOR RECREATIONAL

TEMPORARY

FACILITIES

REQUIREMENTS
PLANNING

WHEN COMPREHENSIVE
WOULD BE IMPROPERLY
OF

WOULD INDICATE

THAT

SITE

LOCATED

VACANT CITYOWNED PARCEL USED FOR RECREATIONAL

LAND MIGHT
IF

BE TEMPORARILY

PURPOSES

THE NEED EXISTS

HOWEVER
AND
IT

THE USE OF THAT SITE SHOULD NOT BE

WOULD BE CONSIDERED TEMPORARY
DEDICATED FOR SUCH

PURPOSES

ASSISTANCE

IN

MAINTENANCE

AND SUPERVISION

MUST COME FROM

THE NEIGHBORHOOD

10

SPECIAL TIFFT

CATEGORY OF RECREATION FARM RESERVATION

AND OPEN SPACE

THE TIFFT FARM AREA COMPRISING APPROXIMATELY 250 ACRES WAS ADDED TO THE RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE PLAN ON FEBRUARY 1972 AS SPECIAL CATEGORY OF OPEN SPACE IT IS TO BE RESERVED PRIMARILY FOR THE PRESERVATION OF WILDLIFE IN NATURAL SETTING THE PREVIOUSLY AREA WAS DESIGNATED AS INDUSTRIAL RESERVE AS AN OPEN SPACE RESERVATION THE AREA WILL BE CONTRAST TO AN OTHERWISE INDUSTRIALLY ORIENTED AREA AND PROVIDE RELIEF FROM SURROUNDING HEAVY INDUSTRIAL SEE PAGE 46A DEVELOPMENTS

BA

THE RECREATION PLAN

WHENEVER
FACILITY

POSSIBLE TO

IT

WOULD BE DESIRABLE THIS

TO LOCATE

RECREATION
OF CHILDREN

ADJACENT

SCHOOL

WOULD ENABLE THE CONCENTRATION

TO

MAKE GREATER USE
TO

OF THE FACILITY
IT

CARE

SHOULD

BE TAKEN

IN

LOCATING
IS

SPECIFIC
SITE

SITE

MAKE

CERTAIN

IS

IN

THE BEST

LOCATION

POSSIBLE
NOT IN

THAT

IT

ON

NOT

LIKELY

TO HINDER VARIOUS

EXPANSION

PROGRAMS AND

THE PATH OF

FORESEEABLE

EXPRESSWAY

APPENDIX
POPULATION
OF THE

PLANNING
CITYS VARIOUS

POPULATIONS

PRESENTS THE PLANNING AND INDICATES AND THE

NEIGHBORHOODS AND COMMUNITIES
ITS

EACH UNITS
ADDITIONAL

EXISTING

FACILITIES

PLANNING REQUIREMENTS
OF

IN

ACRES

ACREAGE REQUIRED TO MEET THE STANDARD

ONE

ONEHALF ACRES

PER 1000

PERSONS

TABLE

111

PRESENTS THE NEIGHBORHOOD
THE EXISTING LEVEL TO

RECREATION

PLAN

PHASE

OF THIS

PLAN WOULD RAISE

GOAL OF ONE ACRE PER ONE THOUSAND FOR SUCH ADDITIONS

PERSONS AND SUGGESTS

GENERAL LOCATION
OF THIS

THE NEIGHBORHOODS
BY TWO ASTERISKS

WHICH

LACK OVER

TWOTHIRDS

REQUIREMENT ON
PRIORITY

ARE INDICATED

AND SHOULD BE CONSIDERED HIGH

BASIS

NEIGHBORHOODS

11

LACKING SINGLE

BETWEEN ONE AND TWOTHIRDS OF ASTERISK

THIS

REQUIREMENT
ATTENTION

ARE INDICATED
NEXT ON

BY

THESE

SHOULD

RECEIVE

PRIORITY

BASIS

PHASE
AFTER ALL

11

IS

LONGER RANGE PROPOSAL WHICH SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN
TO THE

NEIGHBORHOODS HAVE BEEN BROUGHT UP
ALL

GOALS

OF

PHASE
HALF

THIS

PHASE WOULD ELEVATE

NEIGHBORHOODS TO

GOAL OF ONE AND LOCATIONS

ACRES PER ONE THOUSAND PERSONS WOULD BE SUBJECT PRESENT TIME
TO REVIEW
AT

THE SUGGESTED

INDICATED

THE TIME

OF IMPLEMENTATION

AT THE
TO

THESE

LOCATIONS

WOULD SEEM TO BE THE BEST ACCORDING

PRESENT CONDITIONS

12

TABLE

111

NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

PHASE PHASE
II

GOAL

ONE ACRE ONE AND

PER THOUSAND PERSONS

GOAL

HALF ACRES PER THOUSAND FOR PERSONS SEE APPENDIX INVENTORY
OF EXISTING

FACILITIES

TABLE

III

CONTINUES

ON THE FOLLOWING
LISTED

PAGES INDICATING

REQUIREMENTS

OF NEIGHBORHOODS

UNDER COMMUNITY GROUPINGS

SINGLE

ASTERISK

PRECEDING

THE NEIGHBORHOOD INDICATES

THAT

ACRE

NEIGHBORHOOD HAS TWOTHIRDS OR LESS ACREAGE OF THE PHASE

REQUIREMENT

DOUBLE ASTERISK

PLUS

UNDERLINING

INDICATES

THE NEIGHBORHOOD HAS

ONLY

ONETHIRD OR

LESS

OF THE

PHASE

GOAL

13

VABLR

III

CONTINUED CUMMUNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

RIVI
PHASE ONE

NEIGHBORHOOD

WITH

EXISTING PARK PARK

ACREAGE

PHASE ACREAGE

ADDITIONAL REQUIRED

SUGGESTED LOCATION

RIVERSIDE RIVERSIDE

72 76

04

PS PS PS

60

MILITARY

BLACK UPPER

63 ROCK 27
BLACK ROCK

25

51 42

25

11

PHASE TWO
PHASE DL ADDITIONAL ACREAGE REQUIRED SUGGESTED LOCATION

NEIGHBORHOOD RIVERSIDE
RIVERSIDE PARK PARK

35

PS
RANO

65

40
31 26

ST PIG
IACIIATIES RIVERSIDE
BY

MILITARY
BLACK ROCK

BARRETT

NEGHBOT

PS PS

51 42

PARK NORTH

UPPER BLACK

ROCK

18

PUBLIC ALL

WILLIAMS PLAYGROUND SCHOOL NO 65 SAINTS SCHOOL
VILLAGE

SHAFFER

RIVERSIDE

PARK SOUTH

10

RIVERSIDE PARK PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 60 RIVERSIDE BRANCH LIBRARY FIRE STATION ENGINE NO 26 RIVERSIDE HIGH ONTARIO SMALL BOAR RAMP

SC

COMMUNITY POPULATION BY AGE AND SEX
SOURCE
1966

CENSUS

III

ACK ROCK
ST
POST PUBLIC JUBILEE

MALT 15072

31039

EMALK

IB

11 12 13 14 15 16

JOHN BAPTIST
OFFICE

SCHOOL

SCHOOL NO 51 RECREATION CENTER

FIRE STATION ST FRANCIS

NO

LIBRARY

15 SCHOOL

XAVIER

48
3S
2529

UPPER BLACK ROCK 17 18 19 20
ST ELIZABETH FIRE STATION
PUBLIC AUSTIN SCHOOL STREET

SCHOOL ENGINE

NO

12

NO

42

IS
1014

MILITARY 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29
WEST HERTEL MIDDLE SCHOOL CARDINAL DOUGHERTY HIGH SCHOOL ST FLORIAN SCHOOL
POLICE JASPER PUBLIC BARRETT STATION

J10ER

3026

3016101

105

NO13 NO
79

PARISH P1
SCHOOL

PLAYGROUND RAMSDELL PLAYGROUND LASALLE COURTS

14

EXISTING CITYWIDE OR ECK CATION EACILITY

COMMUNITY

PROPOSED CITYWIDE RECREATION FACILITY
PRIVATE PRIVATP

OR COMMUNITY

PLAYFIELD
OR

OR

PLAYGROUND MARINA

COMMERCIAL

NON RESIDENTIAL

ONEIGHBORHOODBOUNDARY
COMMUNITY RECREATION

LINE

CENTER

ILLILUL

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
EXISTING

PHASE PHASEIL

15

TABLE

III

CONTINUED NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

NORTH BUFFAW

PHASE

ONE
PHASE ADDITIONAL REQUIRED SUGGESTED LOCATION LAFAYETTE

NEIGHBORHOOD WITH EXISTING

ACREAGE

ACREAGE

NARTH

DELAWARE PARK

24

43
123

PIG

NORTH
STARIN

07

TAUNTONCOLVIN

NPARKTAUNTON

60 63

51
PARK

09

TAUNTONSTARIN

70 PARK MEADOW 67 PARKSIDE 35
CENTRAL

COMMUNITY POPULATION
SOURCE
1966

RY

AGE AND SEX
FEUAIA 24175

CENSUS

33

PS

54

05

OAKWOODMAIN

28
604
65591 50541

MA
20618

PHASE

TWO
PHASE II ADDITIONAL REQUIRED SUGGESTED LOCATION

NEIGHBORHOOD NORTH DELAWARE

ACREAGE

4044 3539

34 65 30

DELAWARELINDEN TAUNTONCUNARD

3O
2C34

NORTH PARK

NPARKHERTEL

STARIN

TAUNTONSTARIN TAUNTONSTANDISH WALLACEREVERE

45 20 59 08 IN

CENTRAL PARK

PARK

35 16 34

3550252015105

510520253035

MEADOW

PS

64

PARKAIDE

OAKWOODMAIN EXP

NORTH DELAWARE NO NO

PARKSIDE 19 20 21 22 23
ST ST

PUBHC SCHOOL
PUBLIC

81

MARKS SCHOOL
SCHOOL NO 54 MARYS SCHOOL FOR
SISTER CHARITY THE

21 SCHOOL NORTH PARK LIBRARY HOLY SPIRIT SCHOOL

PUBLIC

DEAF

DISEASE

RESEARCH

BUFFALO

HOSPITAL

MEDAILLE

COLLEGE

NORTH PARK
PUBLIC SCHOOL

DELAWARE PARK NO
88

HEBREW SCHOOL ACADEMY ST MARGARETS SCHOOL
FIRE
STATION

24 25
POLICE STATION

ENGINE

NO

38

NO

26 17

DELAWARE PARK BUFFALO ZOO DELAWARE PARK CASINO

STARIN 10 11 12
PUBLIC

PARK MEADOW

PUBLIC

ST

NO 66 SCHOOL NO 86 ROSE LIMA SCHOOL
SCHOOL

CENTRAL PARK
13 14 15 16 17 18
HOLY ANGELS ACADEMY SHOSHONE PLAYGROUND
PUBLIC BENNETT SCHOOL

27 28 29 30 31 32 33

HISTORICAL

SOCIETY

BUILDING SCHOOL

NICHOLS SCHOOL

ELMWOODFRANKLIN
PUBLIC SCHOOL STATION

FIRE

NO NO

64
SCHOOL

MCKINLEY VOCATIONAL HIGH CONVENT SACRED HEART

NO

22 ALL

FIRE

HIGH SCHOOL STATION NO 34 LIBRARY

HIGH STADIUM

FAIRFIELD

16

SCAJAOIJJJA

FLVNG

AA

QMNWNNRY
FACIIIIX

IJAILON

IMOJOSO CITYWIIZ OR COMMUNITY ION KACILILY CUVALL IINVRRILO OIIRAIX NON
OR

PLAYCROUND MARINA

OR COMMERCIAL

RI51012NOFLI ICOLINOARY
JAN12

ONLIUJIIOIIOOO

COMMUNECUR LIACON

CISNRISR

IT
WIRTH

UFF
PLAN PHASE
PHASEII

RECREATION
EXISTING

NEIGHBORKOOD FACILITY FACILITY PROPOSEO NEIGHBORHOOD PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY WALIWAY PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN

TABLE III

CONTINUED NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

NOITH EAST CGO4UN1TY

PHASE NEIGHBORHOOD WITH EXISTINA PHASE

ACRAA

ACREA

RO
ADDITIONAL

SUGGESTED LOCATION

UNTVE 41 LASALAE 11
KELWINGTON LEROY

30 94

TYLERBRUCE
CORDOVA QUARRY AMHERST

52

141

139

PHASE

TWO
PHASE ACREAGE

NEJABBORHOOD UNIVERSITY LASALLE

RA

ADDITIONAL

LOCATION

SUZ
18 12 21 13 32

39 53 44 06

TY1BRUCE

CO
PS
83

PARKRIDGEKENSINGTON4O EXP
TOCKBRIDGEJ3AILEY

KENSINGTON

PS

80

LEROY

DEWEY

PIG

EXP

UNIVERSITY
PUBLIC SCHOOL

NO
SCHOOL OF

83

CANRALICIAN

CENTER FOR CHILDREN

ST

JOSEPH

COMMUNITY POPULATION
SOURCE 1966 CENSUS

BY

AGE AND SEX

STATE UNIVERSITY

NEW YORK

AT BUFFALO

GROVER CLEVELAND PARK VETERANS HOSPITAL

V4AA KENSINGTON
PUBLIC PUBLIC SCHOOL SCHOOL

NO NO

80 85

60
501S

10 11

ROOSEVELT PLAYGROUND SR JAMES SCHOOL PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 68

454 4044 3034

LA SALLE 12 13 14 15
PUBLIC SCHOOL STATION SCHOOL

NO NO

25
63
STATION

POST OFFICE

FIRE
PUBLIC

POLICE

78

LEROY
16 17 18 19
MANHATTAN PLAYGROUND CENTRAL PARK PLAZA PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 61 KENSINGTON POOL DEWEY PLAYGROUND BURGARD VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL BLESSED TRINITY SCHOOL FIRE STATION ENGINE NO 24 510

20
21 22 23

IS

EXPRI

WAY

EXISTING

CITYWIDE FACILITY

COM

IIECIIEAFLON

OR COMMUNITY ED CITYWIDE FACILITY OR PLAYGROUND MARINA

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL

NONR

OANEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY
COMMUN1TY RECREATION

LINE

CENTER
ILLILLIL

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY FACILITY PROPOSED PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY
EXISTING

NE1GHBO

PHASE PHASEIL

19

TASLK III VEST SIDE

CQITUWXD
NELIBBORHOOD KEOREATION FINN

COMMUNITY POPULATION
SOURCE

ALI AND SEX

19

CENSUS

NIBBOIBOOD WITH IET1M
YOREAT

PHASE

ACREZ

ADDILIONAL

SU8GEATEA

55806
MMK

ACRESA

14U1XD

26

34

PS

52

MUMM
33 55 PARK 47
PARK PARK

WESTPOLOMAC

SCH ST
FRONT PARK

5O
4O
O34 O24

LAKEVIEW

138 118

47 33

SOB ST
HUDSON

STRIP

PHASE IVO
P1IEEE II

ADDITIONAL REGUIWED

NEIGHBORHOOD FOREST

ACREAGE

SUG LOOE
WATPOTOMAC

ZO

14

30 78 93

28 AO

45

40

40

49

20

95

GRANTFERRY

PS

FRONT

PARK

40 SCH ST PARK 28 VEMONTFARGO 25 MASS CENTER
DEWITTAUBURN

45

38

40

LAKEVIEW

75

13 TAU
PS
WESTVIRGINIA

26 36

FRONT PARK SQUAW ISLAND
WEST SIDE
BUFFALO INCINERATOR PLANT

SEWAGE TREATMENT BRODERICK PARK WEST SIDE ROWING CLUB

FOREST
BRADLEY STREET POOL CORONATION SCHOOL FIRE STATION NO 19 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 52

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

PUBLIC

SCHOOL

NO

18

FERRY CIRCLE MASSACHUSETTS RECREATION CENTER FIRE STATION NO
PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 38 OUR LADY OF LORETTO SCHOOL PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 77 MASSACHUSETTSSEVENUPGUSTI

30
31 32 33 34 35 36 37

GRANTFERRY
PUBLIC

SCHOOL NO 19
STATION

10
11

NEW LIBRARY
POLICE

PLAYGROUND PUMPING STATION PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 49 174TH REGIMENT ARMORY GROVER CLEVELAND HIGH SCHOOL HOLY ANGELS SCHOOL DYOUVIIZE COLLEGE PROSPECT PARK LIBRARY FRONT PARK ICE RINK NEW YORK NATIONAL GUARD GARAGE UNITED STATES NAVAL RESERVE TRAINING CENTER

NO

12 13 14 15 16 17
18

LAKE VIEW
38

HIGH SCHOOL ANNUNCIATION SCHOOL
LAFAYETTE LAFAYETTE HOSPITAL

WAI

39
40

ANNUNCIATION HIGH SCHOOL PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 45
POST OFFICE COLONIAL NATIVITY

PUMPING STATION SWIMOLING LASALLE PARK
CENTENLAL

POOLS

19

CIRCLE SCHOOL

41 LAKEVIEW HOUSM 42 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 43 DYOUVILLE COLLEGE 44 FIRE STATION NO 29 45 KLEINHANS MUSIC HALL 46 POLICE STATION NO 10 47 PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 48 HOLY CROSS SCHOOL 49 TAURTALLO PARK SO PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 36 51 DAYS PARK 52 BOYS CLUB 53 SMALL BOAT LAUNCHING RAMP

20

TO

BE

REMOVED

EI

EXISTING

CERNWIDE
ION FACILITY

OIS

CCMMCNIIY

BEER EN
RECIIEATION

PROPOSEDCITYWIDE
FACILITY

OR COMMUNITY OR PLAYGROUND MARINA

NV PRIVATE
PRIVATII

ILAYIIIILO

OR COMMERCIAL

2SO
COMMUNITY

NON RESIIINLIAL
IVIOSIIARY RIICIEATION LINE

CENTER

AN

RECREATION
EXISTING PROPOSED PROPOSED

PLAN

NEIGHBORHOOD

FACILITY FACILITY NEIGHBORHOODFACILITY NEIGHBORHOOD PEDESTRIAN

PHASE
PHASEII

21

1111111

PROPOSED

WALKWAY

TABIA

III

COT4TINUED NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION FLAN

ELNWOOD CGIMUNITY

PHASR

OTIE PHASE ADDICIONAL INQUIRED

NEIGHBORHOOD

WITH EXISTI

ACREAGE

ACREAGE

SUG

64 LINCOLN 84 CLEVELAND 21
ALBRIGHT

72 82 36

BRYANT

11 16

35 37 HO4GEABLAND 50 32
BRECKANRIDGE

HARVARDSALCOM

IC1
VLXGINIA

ALLEN

STRIP

PARK

PHASE

TWO
PHASE II ADDITIONAL ACREAGE 8QUIRED

NEIGHBORHOOD ALBRIGHT LINCOLN CLEVELAND

LO
PS PS PS
56
17

SUGGESTED

14 45 47 26

HIGHLAND SRYANT
16

LINWOODSU
ALLENCOLLEGE

15 30 16

31

ALLEN

COM
SOURCE

POPULATION

BY AGE AND SEX

1966 CENSUS

MA
14105

32279
11574

EO
ALBEIGHT
STATE

BRYANT
UNIVERSITY COLLEGE AT BUFFALO

505

BUFFALO ALBRIGHT

STATE HOSPITAL

KNOX ART GALLERY DELAWARE PARK

LINCOLN
CALASANCTIUS PREPARATORY SCHOOL BUFFALO SEMINARY PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 56

16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23

ST JOSEPHS SCHOOL FIRE STATION ENGINE
PUBLIC SCHOOL

NO

16

NO

16

CHILDREN5 HOSPITAL
BISHOP BISHOP SENIOR

MCMAON
PALLON CITIZENS

SCHOOL

SCHOOL

TSIG

CLUB

I0I

ALLEN
24 25 26 27 28 29
ROSA COPLON HOME PARK ST MARYR SEMINARY
ARLINGTON SALVATION PUBLIC

CLEVELAND
PUBLIC SCHOOL

NO17

10 11 12 13
14

15

GUARD MILLARD FILLMORE HOSPITAL NARDIN ACADEMY SCHOOL CANISIUS HIGH SCHOOL PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 30 BIDWELL BRANCH POST OFFICE ELMWOODBRANCH LIBRARY

NEW YORK

NATIONAL

ARMY

SCHOOL NO 46 IMMACULATE CONCEPTION SCBOOL

22

CEMETARY

44

FOREST

SY
2X1S7ING

CITYWIDE
FACILITY

OR

COMMUNITY

PH

POSED CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY RECREATION FACILITY PRIVATE PLAYFIELD OR PLAYGROUND MARINA

VIRGINIA

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL NON RESIDENTIAL

RECREATION
LINE

PLAN

ONBIONBORHOOD BOUNDARY
COMMUNITY RECREATION

CENTER

EXISTING

11111111

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY

PHASEI
PHASEIL

LU

TABLE MASTEN

ELI

CONTINUEI NEJEBBARBOOD RECREATION PLAN

CGO
ONE

PHASE

NEIGHBORHOOD WITH EXIST

PBAAE

ADDITIOT
KEQUIIED COLD

IN

ACREAGE

ACREAGE

LO
PTIN
ERRYTHIPONT

SUGGESTED

COLD
HAMLIN

SPRING

02 14 69

58
132

CENTER

NARTH1ANDHE
TRINIDAD HEULTA VALKVAY

38 20

PARK

Z4ASTEN

PARK

55 65

KINGFIEY

15
BELT

FMIT

40

50

46 29 NORTHISADHAGEN 22 PS 35 PS 48 20 KINGSLEY PIG ADD 08 PS 39 22 NORWAYBADGE 35 ELMNORTH 25 LEMONCANTON 25 35

PHASE

TWO
PHASE II ADDITIONAL ACREAGE RQUIRED SUGGESTED LOCATION COLD COLD SPRING SPRING CENTER CENTER

NEIRHBORHOOD COLD HANLIN MESTEN SPRING PARK PARK

30 73 62

30 73

KINGSLEY FRUIT BELT

40
45

20 42 KINGSLEYWILLOW 40 LEMON 15 VIRGINIAMICHIGAN 30
UTICAMICHIGAN COEELLICOTT

HAMLIN

PARK

FRUIT

BELT COMMUNITY POPULATION
SOURCE 1966 CENSUS

10

JEFFERSON BRANCH LIBRARY MASTEN BOYS CLUB HIINBOLDT LUTHERAN CHURCH NO 53 NO 74 NO 93 CANISIUS COLLEGE ST VINCENT SCHOOL ST FRANCIS SCHOOL

23
24 25 27

YMCA

PS PS PS

26

28 PS NO 31 29 ST BONIFACS SCHOOL 30 OUR LADY OF LOURDES 31 GIRLS TOE HS 32 NYS ARRY 33 US VET BLDG 34 HOUSE

FIRE STATION HAG NO BUFFALO GENERAL HOSPITAL ROWELL PARK INST GAR HOSPITAL EYE POST OFFICE

AGE AID SEX

MALL 35304

SOBOOL

HASTEN

PARK

NI
FIRE

4O
3034 21

KINGSLEY

11 12 13 14 15 16 18 19

BRANCH POST OFFICE MACTEN WOODLAWN JR

PAL
48

PS PS
ST

US

NO NO

35 36 37 38

PS

DEACONESS

STATION BOG HOSPITAL NO 39

NO

KINGSLEY PIG

NICHOLAS

SCHOOL

20
21 22

SCHOOL CENTER BISHOP FLUFFY BISHOP HASTEN PIG LAND SKATING RICHARD CARNIVAL CENTER WAR MEMORIAL STADIUM

HERN

HS

C0LD SPRING

39

CANISINT COLLEGE PHYSICAL EDUCATION

24

EXISTING CITYWIDE RECREATION IACILITY

OR COMMUNITY

PROPOSED CITYWIDE RECREATION PRIVATE PLAYPIELD

OR COMMUNITY

OR PLAYGROUND MARINA

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL NONRESIDENTIAL

NEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY LINE COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER

11T114

SAITTU
QIGNTNNTNTT
RECREATION
EXISTING

PLAN

11111111

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHDORIOOD FACILITY PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY

PHASE PHASEIL

TABLE EAST

III BELAVAN

CONTINUE

CG

NEIGHBORHOOD

RECREATION

PLAN

PMSL ONE
NEIGHBORHOOD PHASE ADDITIONAL REQUIRED MOSELLE

VITB
NEYER

CISTING

ACRE

ACRA
28
126

LO
EI

COMMUNITY POPULATION BY ACA ANI SEX
SOURCE
1966

95 09 52
PARK

CENSUS

COXMTLLYO1YUIC COTIRTLANABASON BAILEYSHTECK

25 50 30 21

68992
MALE MAT

6O6

LANG

11

PS PS

71 59

IIUUBOIDT

60 38 51
PHASE

40 00 49 11

15
VALKVAY

SCAJAQUADA

27 3S
2S2

120
SCHILLER PUASE PARK

PS
WALDENST

M2
OT
20 10
10 IS

NO
II

4EIRHBARHOOD

ACREAAE

ADDITIONAL REQUIRED

NEYER

62 68 32
PARK

SUA
SUGGESTED LOOTIOFL SCAJ AQUADACRI4ET

20 25

015

20

KENFIELD

ROMADE1AVA COURTLAND EXP
LANGWEBER

20 48 18 42

LANG HUMBOLDT

XP

60 45 44 31

SCAJAQUADAFILLM WOODLMMULIZORE
RUSTIEFLOAT URBAN PLG

MOSELLE

30

15

WALDENBAILEY
SCHILLER PARK

WOODKEYSTONE

W1DEI
MOSELLE
32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39
BRANCH LIBRARY

MEYER
KENSINGTON HEIGHTS PLAYGROUND KENSINGTON HEIGHTS FILLMORE HIGH SCHOOL PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 84 MEYER MEMORIAL HOSPITAL ST BARTHOLOMEWS SCHOOL SENECA VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL
PUBLIC SCHOOL

LANG
19 20 21 22 23 24
BRANCH LIBRARY ARCHBISHOP CARROLL HIGH SCHOOL LANGWEBER PIG TURNER HIGH SCHOOL BISHOP PLAYGROUND PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 71

EMERSON VOCATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL EMERSON PLAYGROUND NOWAK PLAYGROUND ST LUKES SCHOOL CENESEEHUMBOLDE JR HIGH SCHOOL
PUBLIC

NO

23

GRIDERL
PARK
FIRE
PUBLIC STATION SCHOOL

SCHOOL

NO

62

AND

URL

PLAYGROUND

10 11

MOSELLE PLAYGROUND KELLY GARDENS SE MATTHEWS SCHOOL

SCHILLER

HUMBOLDT
25 26 27
QUEEN OF PEACE SCHOOL SCHILLER PARK POOL
PUBLIC SCHOOL

KENFIELD
12 13 14 15 16 17 18
KENSINGTON HIGH SCHOOL KENFIELD HOUSING IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY SCHOOL LANGFIELD HOUSING
PUBLIC SCHOOL

NO

II

WALDEN
28 29 30 31

BAILEY

SCHEU PARK HOLY NAME OF JESUS SCHOOL FIRE STATION NO 13
PUBLIC SCHOOL

NO

82

40 41 42 43 44 45 46 17

NO 33 NO 59

ST MARY MAGDALENE SCHOOL EAST 111GB SCHOOL MUSEUM OF SCIENCE HUMBOLDT PARK WADING POOL
POLICE STATION

ICE

NO

RINK

12

ST GERARDS SCHOOL
ST LAWRENCE SCHOOL

NO

GLENWOOD PLAYGROUND

26

DELAVAN

NORTHAMPTON

BEST

WALDEN

EXISTING

CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY ECS EAT ON FAG LITY

DE OR COMMUNITY PROPOSED TY RECREATION FACILITY PRIVATE PLAYFIELD
PRIVKI

DR PLAVOROUNO

OR COMMERCIAL MARINA

NONS ESIDENTIAL

SO SNCIOIIRORHDOO

ROUNDARY LINE COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER

IA IEA
QHXMMUUIT
RECREATION PLAN
EXISTING FACILITY NEIGHBORHOOD PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILFTY
IIIIIII

27

PHASEI

PHASE

II

PROPOSED

PEDESTRIAN

WALKWAY

TABLE

III

CONTINUED CLTO4UNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RACREATION PLAN

CENTRAL

PHISE

ONE
PHASE ADDITIONAL REQUIRED

NEIGHBORHOOD WITH EXISTING WATERFRONT

SUGG
QCTIFL
WATRRFLONT

COMMUNITY POPULATION
SOURCE 1966 CENSUS UAL
441 SO

BY AGE AND SEX

ACREAGE

ACREAGE

18 15

87

REDEV
MALL

8879
48M

AREA

BUSINESS

DISTRICT

30

CHURCH WALKWAY

ST

07

23

5O
454 4044

AUDITORIUM

00
PHASE II ADDITIONAL ACREAGE REQUITED

539
PHASE

TWO
SUGGESTED

NEIGHBORHOOD WATERFRONT

WESTCAROLINA

BUSINESS

DISTRICT

23

LAFA SQ Q8 MICHAEVEMAIN
ST

505

2Q10

10

10

IS

ZQ25

15

AUDITORIUM

FACILITIES

BY NEIGHBORHOODS

WATERFRONT
SCHOOL 76 JOHNSON PARK HUTCHINSON TECHNICAL COLUMBUS HOSPITAL SCHOOL 73 FIRE DEPT HEADQUARTERS ST ANTHONYS SCHOOL PROPOSED COMMUNITY COLLEGU PROPOSED MARINA

AUDITORIUM 10 11 12 MEMORIAL AUDITORIUM

NYS

LEN

DONOVAN BLDG

FIRE BOAT

STATION

BUSINESS DISTRICT 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
OLD POST OFFICE FIRE STATION CHURCH STREET EXTENSION CENTRAL LIBRARY LAFAYETTE SQUARE 115 BOYS VOCATIONAL NEW FEDERAL BUILDING
CITY HAIL

20
21 22 23 24

NIAGARA

SQUARE

STATE BUILDING

FEDERAL BUILDING COUNTY BUILDINGS POLICE HEADQUARTERS

25

28

LU

LU

44
LU

CFL
CD

04 JW

AM

ST
ST ST ST

GD
LE
ISION

ST

SC OT

RECREATION

FACILITY

PARK

AVE

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD

OR PLAYGROUND MARINA

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL NONRESIDENTIAL

NEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY LINE COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER

QXRUTRAL
RECREATION
EXISTING

PLAN

29
IUUNI

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHDORHOOO FACILITY PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY

PHASE PHASEIL

TABLE

III

CONTINUED CC4M1JNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

ELLICOTR

PHASE

ONE
PHASE ACREAGE ADDITIONAL REQUIRED

NEIGHBORHOOD IUITH EXISTING AWILLERT PARK

ACREAGE

SU
LOCATION

46

64 80 58

WALNUTWILLIMD
WILLERT

JOHNSON

20 32
120

AD

32 32 SYCAI 24 56 BROADWAYGREY
PK EZP

COMMUNITY POPULATION
SOURCE 1966 CENSUS

BY AGE AND SEX

35745
MALE

ELLICOTT

PARK

30

WELCONEHALL

I7IE

PHASE

TWO
PHASE II ADDITIONAL ACREAGE REQUIRED SUGGESTED

55

II

NEIGHBORHOOD WILLERT PARK

55 50 45

JOHNAON

ENSUE

35 20 SBENSANIDGH 40 JOHNSON PIG HKP 10 SPERRY PIG RXP 10 WILLIAMSHERMAN 20 WALKWAYS 15
BROADWAYPINE BROADWAYCEDAR SENECATYRTLE

ZO 24

TO

ELLICOTT

PARK

75

WILLERT PARK NO
BOOTH

LARKIN 24 25 26 27 HAMBURG SR RAMPS

47 HOSPITAL

MEMORIAL

WENDE PIG

FIRE STATION NO ST PATRICKS SCHOOL SMITH ST RAMPS

NO
WILLERT

12

WILLERT HOUSING FIRE STATION NO ST MARYS SCHOOL

PARK PARK

EMSLIE 28 29

NO

50

10 11

STREETS POLICE

IEPARTMENT
STATION

DEPOT

SACRED HEART SCHOOL

NO

30
31 32 33 34

NO 75 POSTOFFICEA

NO

31

ELLICOTT 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 EMERGENCYHOSPITAL

SPERRY PLAYGROUND

SR

ANN SCHOOL

NO
ELLICOTT CLINTON ETLICORT

32 MALL
SCHOOL

JOHNSON 35 36 37

JR HIGH

RECREATION CENTER RECREATION CENTER

FIT

STATION

NO

27

WESTMLNISTER

COMMNNLTYHOUSE

NO
ST COLUMBA SCHOOL
TALBERT MALL
POLICE

NO

41

JOHNSON PLAYGROUND

GARAGE
PLACE

WELCOME HALL

SEWAGE PUMPING STATION

30

III

II

CITY WIDE OR EXISTING ECR EATION FACILITY

COMMUNITY

PROPOSED CITYWIDE RECREATION FACILITY

OR COMMUNITY PLAYGROUND MARINA

PRIVATEPLA
PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL NONRESIDENTIAL

ONEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY LINE COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER

ETTI
RECREATION
EXISTING

PLAN

11111111

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY

PHASEI
PHASEIL

31

TABLE III
EAST PHASE SIDE OKLE

COTITINUED CCO4UNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION

PLAN

NEIGHBORHOOD CWITH EXISTING

ACRAAE

PHEAS ACREAGE

MDITIOAAL

GS4RED
WILSON

SI LO4
ST
SYCAMOREROTHER

17 PERSON 32 PULLUAN 00
MILLS
LOVEJOY

73

38
20

BROAD BROADIAYRAON
WO1TZMI3

40 33 26 12
COMMUNITY PULATION
SOURCE
1966

EROADWAYFIL1MORE PECKHAU

104

PULLUANSCHUTRUM

03

97

PS

57

10
FLR

WATHVAY37

ACE AND SEX

CENSUS

ONIDA TDINRE
PHASE

02 00
PHASE II ACREAGE

18 07
ADDITIONAL REUNIRED

PECKHTMMSEND
RAILROAD

48825

CAMBRIAGORDON STE

TWO

NEIGHBORHOOD

SU LO
PERAON 20 15 ARMBR 10 34 BENZINGERKIN DAVEY PIG CP 15 12 LSTHROPDROADIRAY DETROIT 28 CURTISNEWTON 10 PECKBAWTO PS 40 07 RAILROADOLGA 03
CAMBRIA0ORDO EXP
SYCAUORERATHER

MILLS
PERSON PULLMAN LOVEJOY

45 35 10 49 50

O44

2529

BROADWAYFILLMORE

0J4

PECKHAM ONIEDA DINGENS

11
2520W
JO JS

10 04

2025055

MILLS

PERSON
SCHWAB TERRECE 24 MARY OF SORROW SCHOOL

MHA
ST

PS NO

21 AT
22 23

PS

NICKOLAS NO 40

SCHOOL PETER PAUL

PS NO PS NO

HOLY APOATLEE

36 37 38

P1G ST JOKMKANTY SOH PS NO 44
LINCOLN

90
58 ROSARY SCHOOL SCHOOL SCHOOL

39
40

FIRE

STATIO
41

22

BABCOCK

SI

JOACHLN

SCH

QUEEN MOAT HOLY

ST ADELBERTS
TRANSFIGURATION

24
25 26 27 28
HONE

CITY

BROADWAY FILLMORE

ST 10 11 12

FELIX FRONCZAK

WORKING GIRLS
BRANCH
57

29

GEREGE CLISB OF NO 26 AND MULLEN POLICE STATION NO ST BEBOOL COLLINS PLAYGROUND BOYS

PS

3UF

PULLMAN
PIG

LOVEJOY 42
POLICE STA NO 11 MORELAND PIG DAVEY PIG FIRE STE NO 28 VISITATION SCH NO 43 ST FRANCIS AGILAI SCHOOL ST SCHOOL

PS NO

LIBRARY

BAIT
30
FIRE STATION

13
14 15 16 17

BROADWAY MARKET POST OFFICE POLICE NO FIRE STATION NO 11 ULINSKI SENIOR CITIZENS SCHOOL CORPUS CHRISTI

NO
PARK

35

43 44 45 46 47
48

PS

EAST

INDUSITICI

NO

CENTE

31
32

PS

NO

PRECIOUS THRUWAY

PECKHAM 18 19 20 ST
STANISLAUS SCHOOL BISHOP COLTON POLONIA PLAYGROUND

33

25 BLOOD SCHOOL INDUSTRIAL PARK PARK

49
50 51

APE

LOVEJOY LIBRARY HENNEPIN

3RA
PARK

HS

EAST 34 35

INDUSTRIAL

NO
DINGENS
OFFICE

US

POET OFFICE PENN CENTRAL TERMINAL

52

CITY

EAST

ZAOLEEACOR SIDE

32

WIDE OR COMMUNIVY
ACILITY

PROPO SOD CITYWIDE
FACILITY

OR COMMUNITY ELAYOROUND

PRIVATE PLAYFIELD

DII

PRIVATE DR COMMERCIAL MARINA ONRRSIDCNTIAL ROUNDARY LINE NEIGIIBORIIOOD COMMLNITY RECREADON CENTER

EAIIT
QLNMMUUIG
RECREATION PLAN

33
IIIII

EXISTINE

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOODFACILITY WALIWAY PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN

PHASE

PHASEIL

TABLE III
BUFFALO

C0147114UED

RIVER

NEI
PHASE

RE
ADDITIONAL

PLAWI

PHASE

OL
ACREAGE
ACREAGE

NEIGHBORHOOD WITH EXIATING PERRY

R4IU

SUGGESTED

LOC

100

HOPKINS ELK

33 21 00

00
INDUSTRIAL

HYDRAULICS SOUTH

PHASE

TW0
PHASE
II

ADDITIONAL

SUGETED

NEIGHBORHOOD PERRY

ACREAGE

RENUIMD

50

HAUBNRGRAPU1GI

PS

EXP SULLIVAN PK

10

ZP

20 20

HOPKINS ELK HYDRAULICS SOUTH INDUSTRIAL

CCTH4MUNITY POPULATION SOURCE 1966 CENSUS

AGE AND SEX

I28Z6
NALS

PERRY

OTHER

60

CHICAGOPERRY
FIRE STATION

P1G

CONNODORE PERRY HOUSING

LANIGAN PIG STBERNARD SCHOOL
SCHOOL COIMNODORE PERRY HOUSING

14 15 16 17 18

TII
SEBO
TAYLOR

BEACH 33 SCHOOL

LEDDY P1G

4S

STSTEPHEN

LG
UA

10 11 12 13

LIBRARY STVALENTINE SCHOOL SULLIVAN PARK
SCHOOL 34 OUR LADY OF PERPETUAL FATHER CONWAY P1G HELP SCHOOL

LJR

34

I1

CITYWIDE OR COMMUNITY ECREATION FACILITY
XISTING

JU

PROPOSED CITYWIDE RECREATION FACILITY PRIVATE PLAYFIELD

OR

COMMUNITY

OR

PLAYGROUND MARINA

ITHTF

FAIN

IAINCR
PLAN

PRIVATE OR COMMERCIAL NONRESIDENTIAL

UUFLUFLTTIJ RECREATION
EXISTING

NEIGHBORHOOD BOUNDARY LINE COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTER

35

ILLILILL

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASE PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PHASEIL PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN WALKWAY

TABLE III
SOUTH PHASE

COWTINUED CCM4UNITY NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN

BUFFALO

ONE
ACREAGE
PHASE ACREAGE ADDITIONAL IEGIAIRED SUGGESTED
LOCFLTIOFL

NEIGHBORHOOD WITH EXISTING HOUGHTON SENECA TRIANGLE CUNBERLAND CAZENOVIA SOUTH SOUTH PARK PARK

100

00 00 00 00 00 00 00
5054

83
105

COMMUNITY POPUIAI1ON
SOURCE
1966

1W

AGE AND SEX

CCNSU

98
PK

57OI

128
118

UA
27420

G5ET

186

ABBOTT

PHASE

TWO
PHASE II ADDITIONAL ACREAGE REQUIRED SUGGESTED LOCATION

OZ
25
Z024

NEJABBORHOOD HOUGHTON SENECA TRIANGLE CUNBERLAND CAZENOVIA SOUTH PARK PARK

50 00
11

HEJTANMATEJKO

P528
MIDLANDSOUTH
SIDE
15

07
BK

25 20

IS

15

20

25

00 13 02
CHOATESOUTH PARK

SOUTH ABBOTT

PED

WA1K
RIANGI

HOUGHTON PARK
PUBLIC SCHOOL

NO

69

LIOUGHTON

PARK

NEIGHBORHOOD HOUSE BISHOP RYAN HIGH SCHOOL ST CASIMIR SCHOOL SR BERNARD SCHOOL

32 33 34 35 36
37

SEWER AUTHORITY PUMPING STATION
PUBLIC SCHOOL

NO

28

38
39 40 41 42 43 44

SENECA
JR HIGH SCHOOL MUNGOVANPARK POLICE FIRE STATION NO 25 BOLTER PARK
SOUTHSIDE PUBLIC 1LILLERY SCHOOL

ST AGATHA SCHOOL HEACOCK PARK TAYLOR PARK TYLER PARK SOUTH PARK HIGH SCHOOL FIRE STATION NO BISHOP TIIOOII ANNEX MULROY PLAYGROUND HOLY FANFLLY SCHOOL POST OFFICE SOUTH PARK STATION

STATION

NO

10 11 12 13

NO

27

PLAYGROUND

SR TERESAS SCHOOL

SOUFH PARK
45 46 47 48 49 50
NEIGHBORHOOD HOUSE NO LIBRARY DUDLEY BRANCH POLICE NO 15 FIRE STATION
OKELL PUBLIC SOUTH

CAZENOVIA
14 15 16 17 18 19
CAZENOVIA BRANCH NO 70 PARK SENECA INDIAN CAZENOVIA BRANCH LIBRARY ST JOHN SCHOOL CAZENOVIA PARK
POST OFFICE PUBLIC SCHOOL

NO

30

PLAYGROUND
SCHOOL

NO

29

ST AMBROSE SCHOOL
BOTANICAL

52

PARK GARDENS

CUMBERLAND
20 21 22 23 24 25
ILEACOCK

SOUTH ABBOIT
PARK

26

SR THOMAS AQUINAS SCHOOL BISHOP TIMON HIGH SCHOOL PUBLIC SCHOOL NO 72

27 20 29
30

MT MERCY ACADEMY
BROOKDALE PARK PUBLIC SCHOOLPLAYGROUNDLNO FIRE STATION NO SHELDON PARK ST MARTINS SCHOOL
67

MT MERCY SISTER

OF

MERCY HOSPITAL

31

36

IV INTL IL FACILITY

OR

CIIMMILNIIY

FACII
FLYIILID OR

WA
CLINTON

IIAYCROIIND

MUFFATU

NUTH
37
UU
ILNNU

RECREATION

PLAN

EXISTING NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITY PROPOSED NEIGHBORHOODFACILITY WALKWAY PROPOSED PEDESTRIAN

PHASE

PHASEIS

TABLE IV

TOT

LOT

STAN

THE PROVISION OF TOT LOTS AS PART OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION IS TO BE REQUIREMENTS CONSIDERED AS AN OPTION AVAILABLE TO NEIGHBORHOOD GROUP OR OTHER SPONSORING AGENCY VHICB WILL ASSUME SUPERVISION AND MAINTENANCE OF THE FACILITY TOT LOTS ARE TO SERVE AS SUB STITUTE FOR BACKYARDS IN MEDIUM AND HIGH DENSITY RESIDENTIAL AREAS AND SHOULD SERVE AN AREA WITHIN 1000 FOOT SERVICE AREA THE SITE FOR THE HIGHEST POPULATION DENSITY AREAS IS BASED ON FORTY SQUARE FEET PER CHILD UNDER FIVE WHICH IS CALCULATED AS TEN PER CENT OF THE POPULATION OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD OTHER AREAS ARE CALCULATED FROM THE PLANNING DENSITY OF NEIGHBORHOODS IN THE FOLLOWING MANNER CATEGORY SYMBOL PERSONS PER ACRE TOTAL TOT LOT AREA PRR 1000

6090 2030 90120 3040
OVER 120 THE FACILITY

HU HU OVER HU
40

2000 3000 4000

SQ FT SQ FT SQ FT

SHOULD BE LOCATED AS PART OF NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION AREA NEAR PEDESTRIAN AN ELEMENT OF RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT RUNICIPAL HOUSING PROJECTS AS WELL AS OTHER HOUSING DEVELOPMENTS SHOULD INCLUDE THIS LAND PERMANENTLY DEDICATED TYPE OF FACILITY BY THE CITY FOR SUCH USE WOULD BE CONSIDERED AS PART OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION REQUIREMENT

WALKWAY OR

AS

COIMSUNITIES

WITH

MEDIUM

AND HIGH PLANNING DENSITY PERSONS PER ACRE

POPULATION

DENSITIES

PERSONS
IN

000S

COUSSUNITY

1966

PLANNING POPULATION IN OOOS

PERCENT OF POPULATION UNDER YRA 1966

NO OF CHILDREN UNDER 1966
2848 5173 1791 5507 5760 796 3928 4086 1386 48247

YRS

RIVERSIDE WEST SIDE ELMWOOD MASTEN EAST DELAVAN CENTRAL ELLICOTT EAST SIDE BUFFALO RIVER TOTAL CITY ALL

32 55 33 SO 67 34 13 482

30 55 35 50 70 15 45 45 10 500

54
83

62
77

11117 8907

903 943 540 861

55 163 111
73

1156

111 60

837

10947

INCL

1002

12

COMMUNITIES

TOT LOT STANDARDS APPLIED TO INDIVIDUAL NEIGHBORHOODS LISTED UNDER CCMMUNITIES INDICATED WITH THE SUGGESTED NUMBER OF FACILITIES IN PAREWRHESES RIVERSIDE COMMUNITY BLACK ROCK 10400

SQUARE FOOTAGE

SQ FT
FT

UPPER

BLACK

ROCK

72000 SQ FT

SQ FT
FRONT PARK

WEST SIDE COMMUNITY FOREST 12000 SQ FT LAKEVIEW 45000 SQ EU4WOOD COMMUNITY BRYANT 18600

GRANT PARRY

31000

37000

SQ FT

KASTEN

COLD SPRING HAMLIN PARK

CC

SQ FT 12000 29200 SQ FT SQ FT

ALLEN

30000
HASTEN PARK

SQ FT 12400 EQ FT 16000 SQ FT 11000
DISTRICT PARK FRUIT BELT

27000

SQ FT

KINGSLEY
MOSOLLE BUSINESS

EAST DELAVAN COMMUNITY HUMBOLDT PARK 24000

SQ FT SQ FT

SQ FT
18000

WALDEN

DAILEY

17400

SQ FT

CENTRAL COMMUNITY WATERFRONT 42000
ELLICOTT COMMUNITY WILLERT PARK ENSLIE EAST SIDE MILLS ONEIDA BUFFALO PERRY

SQ FT

44000 SQ FT 27000 SQ FT SQ FT SQ FT

E1LICOT

60000

SQ FT

12

JOHNSON

30000

SQ FT

COMMUNITY

27000 6000 30000

BROADWAYFILLMORE
PERSON

21000

30000 SQ FT

SQ FT
PULLMAN

PACKBEM

FT

12900

SQ FT

RIVER COMMUNITY

SQ FT
POCKET OF MEDIUM OR HIGH DENSITY POPULATION LOW DENSITY IF NEIGHBORHOOD MAY BE PROVIDED

IN ADDITION TOT LOT SERVING UNITS PER ACRE IN AN OTHERWISE DULY SPONSORED

OVER

20

REQUESTED

DWELLING BY

GROUP

38

TABLE
CLASSIFICATION THE PLANNING

COMMUNITY
OF

RECREATION

FACILITIES

INDICATES

THE DENSITY

EACH

COMMUNITY

EXISTING

PLAYFIELD

AND PARK ACREAGE

REQUIREMENTS

AND THE ADDITIONAL

ACREAGE REQUIRED TO MEET
IS

THE STANDARDS

THE COMMUNITY PARK REQUIREMENT PERSONS
WHILE THE

BASED ON ONEHALF REQUIREMENT
CLASSIFICATION

ACRE PER 1000 VARIES FROM
OF THE

COMMUNITY

PLAYFIELD

080

ACRES TO

135

ACRES DEPENDING ON THE DENSITY
THE POPULATION DENSITY
IS IN

COMMUNITY

THE GREATER

GIVEN

COMMUNITY
THIS

THE GREATER WILL
IS

BE THE ACREAGE FOR

COMMUNITY PLAYFIELDS
GREATER NEED
IN

ADJUSTMENT

NECESSARY DUE TO THE OBVIOUSLY

MORE

DENSELY POPULATED
FACILITIES

AREAS

ON

CITYWIDE 750

BASIS

THE

COMMUNITY RECREATION ONEHALF ACRES PER

TOTAL APPROXIMATELY

ACRES

OR ONE AND

1000

PERSONS

THREE ELEMENTS

FALL

INTO THE

COMMUNITY RECREATION CATEGORY
FIGURE OF

COMMUNITY PARK

BASED ON AN APPROXIMATE
FACILITY

ONEHALF

ACRE PER THOUSAND PERSONS THIS PASSIVE
ACTIVITIES
IN

WOULD EMPHASIZE
OF FACILITIES

MORE

GENERAL

THE

TYPES

SUGGESTED

ARE LISTED

IN

PARK AND RECREATION STANDARDS
PLAYFIELCI BASED ON
FACILITY

COMMUNITY
POPULATION

REQUIREMENT

DETERMINED

BY

DENSITY

THIS

WOULD SERVE PRIMARILY
FIELD

PERSONS

OVER FIFTEEN YEARS OF

AGE EMPHASIZING
DESCRIBES

SPORTS

THE

STANDARDS
FIRST

SECTION

SUGGESTED

USE

IN BOTH THE

AND SECOND CATEGORY MENTIONED
BEFORE

HERE

THE LOCAL NEEDS

WOULD HAVE TO BE DETERMINED

DEVELOPING THE FACILITIES

39

COMMUNITY

RECREATION

CENTERS UP

TO THIS

POINT

ATTENTION

HAS BEEN PAID OF LESS

TO THE QUANTITATIVE

ASPECTS

OF THE

PROPOSALS

SIGNIFICANCE

TO AREA REQUIREMENTS

BUT

MORE

IMPORTANT TO THE QUALITATIVE

ASPECTS ARE THE SUGGESTED
IN THE

COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTERS
SECTION
WITH THIS
FACILITY

STANDARDS
RECREATION BUILDING

WAS

INDICATED

AS

NO INDIVIDUAL

AREA REQUIREMENTS

SINCE

BUFFALO

IS

HIGHLY PLAN

DEVELOPED AND DENSELY POPULATED

CITY

THE

PROPOSED RECREATION ACCEPTED NATIONAL

DOES NOT ATTEMPT TO PROVIDE THE GENERALLY
OF ONE

STANDARD

ACRE

OF RECREATION

LAND FOR EVERY

100

PERSONS
TOTAL

IN

BUFFALOS CASE THIS WOULD REQUIRE ALMOST ONEQUARTER OF
FOR RECREATIONAL

ITS

LAND AREA TO BE RESERVED

USE

ACCOMMODATION

FOR

ADDITIONAL

RECREATION NEEDS

IS

SUGGESTED TO BE

MADE THROUGH COMMUNITY

RECREATION CENTERS

THESE

SITES

WOULD BE LOCATED NEAR OUTDOOR RECREATION
TO PROVIDE INDOOR FACILITIES

FACILITIES

AND
AS

WOULD INCLUDE

STRUCTURES SITES

LIKE

THE CITY

WHOLE

THESE

WOULD BE INTENSIVELY

DEVELOPED
VARIOUS

THE INDOOR
PLAY AND

FACILITIES

COULD INCLUDE
HANDICRAFT

GYMNASIUM AN AUDITORIUM
WORKSHOP
LOUNGE AND

GAME ROOMS

READING

ROOM THE
THAT REQUIRE

NEARBY OPEN SMALL LAND

AREA WOULD OFFER THE TYPES AREAS FOR
LARGE

OF OUTDOOR RECREATION OF

NUMBER

PERSONS

40

THE COMMUNITY
CITY WITH THE BASIS

RECREATION

CENTERS WOULD BE LOCATED THROUGHOUT THE
OR LESS

SERVICE AREA OF ONE MILE
OF ONE FOR EACH

THEY WOULD

BE PROVIDED

ON

20000

PERSONS
ON THE

TWENTYFIVE

SUCH SITES
III

ARE

SUGGESTED AND ARE INDICATED

BY AN

MAPS

IN

TABLE

AND BY

NUMBER ON

THE CITY

AND COMMUNITY

RECREATION FACILITIES

MAP
SHELTER

MANY
FULL

OF THE SITES

CONTAIN

STRUCTURES

RANGING FROM

HOUSE TO
OF ANY

RECREATION IN

CENTER

SEVEN OF THE LOCATIONS
STRUCTURES

HAVE NO STRUCTURES

SORT

BETWEEN THIS RANGE

OFFER VARYING ADDITIONS

DEGREES OF FACILITIES
BUILT

OLDER STRUCTURES
OF EVENTUALLY

MAY BE USED

INITIALLY

WITH

WITH

AN INTENTION

REPLACING THE OLD UNIT
FIGURES SINCE

SOME OF
THEIR

THE OLDER FACILITIES

WERE
IF

NOT

COMPUTED IN ACREAGE
FACILITIES

RETENTION

IS

QUESTIONABLE

SUCH

ARE TO BE RETAINED
IF

THE ACREAGE INVOLVED LOCATION
IN

SHOULD

BE ADDED TO THE AREA WOULD
THAT

COMMUNITY RESOURCES
BE

NOT

NEARBY RECREATION ACQUIRED FOR
THIS

RECOMMENDED WHEN ADDITIONAL

LAND IS

PURPOSE

ACREAGE WOULD BE CONSIDERED AS PART
OF THE

OF THE

COMMUNITY REQUIREMENT

COMMUNITY

IN

WHICH

IT

IS

LOCATED

41

CENTERS
HOUSE PROPOSED DEVELOP PROPOSED PROPOSED IMPROVE IMPROVE IMPROVE IMPROVE IMPROVE RECREATION COMMUNITYPROPOSED SHELTER UBHOUSE CENTER CENTEREXPANDCENTER CENTER CENTERSHELTERS SHELTERPROPOSEDCENTER PROPOSED PROPOSED HOUSEHOUSEIMPROVE HOUSE HFLLOMPUROSVEE HOUSE CCMWJNITY PARK CENTER CENTER CENTERSHELTER OAKWOOD PARK SPRING PARK PARK CENTER CENTER CENTER SHELTERFIELD COMMUNITY CENTER FIELD PARK SUGGESTED RIVERSIDE LAFAYETTE SHOSHONE WINSPEER ROOSEVELT EAST DELAWARE JUBILEE WESTPOTOMAC COLD SCHILLER HUMBOLDT ARMORY MASSACHUSETTS LAKEVIEW PEARL JOHNSON LINCOLN HENNEPIN JFKLANIGAN NEIGHBORHOOD C8ZEFLOVIA NEIGHBORHOOD
OLD

HOIMPRVE OUSESIMPROVE
ACRES PARK
LIE

CAMPUS IMPROVE
05

IMPROVE

IMPROVE
TO

CASINOIMPROVE
1000
JI

GYM
PER

10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 2021 22 23 2425

DELAVANL4OSELLE
1314 15 161718

ST

STANDARD COMMUNITY
SQ TSP
WIN

EXPANSION LOUISIANA WILLIAM EXPANSIAR PARK PIG QUARRY ISLAND POPLAR ADJ JNCO WAY EFFERSON NICHIGAN POLONIA LASS SQUAWTUFT TAYLOR WALDEN
SO

EXPANSL

ACRES LOGO

FOR

TOTAL
PER

INCLUDING
SUGGESTED
08 09 10 1112 13

SIDE LEGEND FILLMORE EXPANSIOTI STADIUM EAST LOCATION DESHLER SEYLRAIROAD FILLMORE

JI

EF FE

CX

ACREAGE SUGGESTED
1000
PER

00 00 00 00

66

00

00

183 42
ER BS

50 5570 50 00

ADDITIONAL REQUIRED FIELD
118
SC

LOCATION
SQ SQ AS AF

HOXPX
100 68
HA
SP

PLAYFIELD
06

PERSONS

AMITY

APPENHEIMER ARMORY CENTRAL FILLMORE HOUGKITON
BOND

EAGLE

ED EF 55 BS CREF FE HO

00

150
50
00

297

00

285

200 230

00 70 340 93

PLA

14SWM 25
150
HO

CX TXTSP

CC ACRES
ACRE ACRE ACRE ACRE ACRE ACRE

ACREAGE EXISTING
EC

PARK 150 225
240
HO

134 200 205 107
82100

150 130 120 100 250 110 124 127M

75 00

150CR 129CR 33
KEY

FIELD
PLA

152 278 82 141 29K 213 150 300 265

RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL
50

PER PER PER PER PER PER

PARK 150 225

200

275

150 250

350

75

225

225

300

REQUIRENENTS ACRES FACILITIES PLANNING FIELD
IN

CLASSIFICATION PERSONS PERSONSPERSONS PERSONS PERSONS PERSONS
50 59 69 79 89 90

POOL

PLA

270 360

320

660

300 550

630

205 610

495

135 480

DENSITY

UNDER

TO TO TO TO

PARK POOL PARK
50 60 70 80

OVER

CE

KENSINGTONLESELLE MUNGOVANPOLONIARIVERSIDE SHOSHONE STHILLER SOUTH TAYLOR
IN

PARK

SCSP

RECR
AND CN CLASSIFICATION BUFFALO CONMDENAIT RIVERSIDE NORTH

LEGEND
EAST

PIG

JFK
PARK PARK PARK

PARK

TABLE

NORTH

SIDE WEST

ELMWOOD MASTEN

DELAVAN
EAST

CENTRAL ELLIEOTT

SIDE EAST

RIVER

BUFFALO

BUFFALO SOUTH

LOCATION CONWAY PARK CLEVELAND FATHER CARENOVIA DELAWARE E1IICOTT FRONT GROVER HU EO EXISTING
PARK PARK
CR HO

IM

T2R

1I

R1R2

CA

IVERSI

L4

FL
14

ALA UQI

ID
STSI

MAP EXISTING AND PROPOSED COMMUNITY AND CITYWIDE RECREATION

COMMUNITY PROPOSEDCOMMUNITY
EXISTING EXISTING CITYWIDE PROPOSED CITYWIDE RESIDENTIAL

FACILITY FACILITY

FACILITY FACILITY

25

AREAS COMMUNITY NAME COMMUNITY RECREATION

CENTER

43

TABLE
FACILITIES

VI

PRESENTS THE CITYWIDE

RECREATION

PLAN

THE CITYWIDE
IN

ARE CLOSE TO THE GOAL ESTABLISHED

FOR THIS

CATEGORY

TERMS

OF

ACREAGE
FACILITIES

TO COMPLETE

THE NEEDS OF THIS

CATEGORY
LARGELY

NUMBER

OF

SMALLER

ARE SUGGESTED

THESE CONCENTRATE

ON THE IMPROVEMENT
INTO THE CATEGORY OF

OF WATER AND RIVER FACILITIES

FRONT FACILITIES

THE PROPOSALS

FALL

SPECIALIZED

PERHAPS THE MAJOR PROBLEM WHICH
WILL NOT BE THE ADDITION
OF

MAY

ARISE

OVER CITY

WIDE

FACILITIES

ACREAGE BUT THE RETENTION
LITTLE

OF THE EXISTING FOR

ACREAGE

THE DENSELY DEVELOPED
THE TEMPTATION
OTHER PUBLIC

CITY HAS

VACANT LAND AVAILABLE

NEW PROJECTS
AND

TO USE PARK LAND FOR

EXPRESSWAY ROUTES SCHOOL SITES
CAN BE VERY GREAT
CLOSELY

OR PRIVATE

DEVELOPMENTS

WHEN SUCH
ITS

PROPOSALS ARISE

EACH SHOULD BE EXAMINED REPLACEMENT
IN

AS TO

MERITS

IF

PARK

LAND IS

TO BE LOST

TERMS

OF ACREAGE SHOULD

IMMEDIATELY

BE PROVIDED

ONE SOURCE

OF

REPLACEMENT

ACREAGE FOR CITYWIDE
OF

RECREATION FACILITIES
INCLUDING BUFFALO THE
FILL

COULD BE FOUND IN CONTINUED OPERATIONS MATERIAL
ASSIST
IN

EXPANSION

WATERFRONT
OF

FACILITIES

DREDGED BY THE CORPS
CREATING

ENGINEERS

FROM

HARBOR COULD

EXPANDED LAND AREA OR ISLANDS

WHICH

IN

FUTURE COULD BE USED FOR RECREATION

AMONG THE PROPOSALS

REQUIRING

RELATIVELY

SMALL AREAS FOR CITYWIDE

44

TABLE

VI

CITYWIDE
FACILITY

RECREATION

FACILITIES

EXISTING

CITYWIDE

ACREAGE

AND TOTAL ACREAGE
ALL HIGH STADIUM BENNETT BEACH BRODERICK PARK CAZENOVIA PARK DELAWARE PARK GROVER CLEVELAND PARK HUMBOLDT PARK KLEINHANS MUSIC HALL ONTARIO BOAT RAMP DRIVE FIELD RIVERSIDE ATHLETIC SOUTH PARK WAR MEMORIAL AUDITORIUM WAR MEMORIAL STADIUM

57 527 34
1917 3676

57
527
IN

TOWN OF EVANS

34
1526 1935 757

510

1120

42

HS

36

1623

30

80 42 36 30
1413

102

48

48
NOT COUNTEDFUTURE USE AS COMMUNITY RECREATION

TOTAL

6485

PROPOSED FACILITY

CITYWIDE
ACREAGE

SUGGESTED LOCATION BAILEY
TO

BUFFALO RIVER STRIP BUFFALO RIVER STRIP WATERFRONT MARINA NIAGARA RIVER STRIP THEATER EXHIBITION OTHER EXPANSIONS TIMES BEACH TOTAL

PARK PARK PARK

75 20
140

EAST CITY

LINE

MAIN TO OHIO STREET
WATERFRONT REDEVELOPMENT SCAJAQUADA CR TO RIVERSIDE VARIOUS LOCATIONS SOUTH OF COAST GUARD STATION

70
140 570
1015

EK

HALL

EXISTING

AND PROPOSED TOTAL

7500

ACRES

45
SE

FACILITIES

ARE

CIVIC

THEATER

AND AN EXHIBITION

HALL

EXISTING

FACILITIES TO BE

INCLUDING

THE ZOO AND KLEINHANS

MUSIC HALL

SHOULD CONTINUE

IMPROVED
IN THIS

THE

QUALITY

OF ALL FACILITIES

SHOULD UNDERGO CONSTANT ADDITIONAL
IS

IMPROVEMENT

CATEGORY PARTICULARLY
OTHER

SINCE

QUANTITY

STRESSED LESS THAN

IN

THE

CATEGORIES

THE ARRANGEMENT AND
PLAY

LOCATION

OF ADDITIONAL

CITYWIDE

FACILITIES

WOULD

ROLE IN THE OPEN SPACE REQUIREMENTS OF

OF THE CITY

SEE PAGE

47

THE
THERE

REPLACEMENT
IS

SOME CITYWIDE

FACILITIES

CAN BE EXPECTED

PRESENTLY

DISCUSSION

OF THE LOSS OF BENNETT SHOULD

BEACH AND

MAJQR

PART OF

GROVER
IT

CLEVELAND BE

PARK

SUCH LOSSES

OCCUR

AS WELL AS ANY INDICATED

OTHER

WOULD

RECOMMENDEDTHAT AREAS BE IMMEDIATELY
ARISE
IN

TO SERVE AS BUFFER

REPLACEMENT
ON

WHEN SUCH OCCASIONS
PAGE 48 CAN SERVE AS

THE FUTURE THE FOR RELOCATION

OPEN SPACE
SITES

MAP

GUIDE

46

SPECIAL TIFFT

CATEGORY OF RECREATION FARM RESERVATION

AND OPEN

SPACE

THE TIFFT

250 FARM AREA COMPRISING APPROXIMATELY ACRES WAS ADDED RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE PLAN ON FEBRUARY 1972 AS TO THE IT IS TO BE RESERVED PRIMARILY FOR SPECIAL CATEGORY OF OPEN SPACE THE PRESERVATION OF WILDLIFE IN NATURAL SETTING THE PREVIOUSLY AS AN OPEN SPACE AREA WAS DESIGNATED AS INDUSTRIAL RESERVE CONTRACT TO AN OTHERWISE INDUSTRIALLY RESERVATION THE AREA WILL BE ORIENTED AREA AND PROVIDE RELIEF FROM SURROUNDING HEAVY INDUSTRIAL

DEVELOPMENTS

SE

REVISED

COMPONENTS OF RECREATION

AND OPEN SPACE PLAN

P61
ACRES ACRES ACRES

NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITIES COMMUNITY FACILITIES FACILITIES CITYWIDE TOTAL 2250 ACRES 045 ACRES PER 100 PERSONS RESERVATION TIFFT SPECIAL TOTAL 2500 ACRES 050 ACRES PER 100 PERSONS

GOAL

750 750 750

FARM

250

ACRES

46A

THE RECREATION AND OPEN SPACE
SCOPE OF NEEDS
INTENSIVE

PLAN

ATTEMPTS TO SATISFY SPORTS

BROAD

PASSIVE

AREAS

FIELDS

FOR ACTIVE

AND CENTERS FOR

RECREATION USES ARE

RECOMMENDED WHILE RECREATION PURPOSES
ARE

ARE OBVIOUS OPEN SPACE
IS

OPEN SPACE CONSIDERATIONS

MORE OBSCURE

IN

THIS

REPORT

MEANT

TO DESCRIBE

LAND OTHER THAN THAT BUILT THE CITYSCAPE VITAL

UPON WHICH

BECOMES
PARTICULAR

STRUCTURAL

COMPONENT OF
IT

AS WELL AS SERVING
OF ITS

FUNCTION

SHOULD BECOME

PART

SURROUNDINGS

BESIDES

SERVING AS AN INTEGRAL

PART OF NEIGHBORHOOD AND

COMMUNITY
AND RESIDENTIAL

DESIGN

OPEN SPACE CAN AID IN

SERVING TO SEPARATE INDUSTRIAL
SHOULD BE TREATED

AREAS THROUGHOUT THE CITY
ENTITY AS THE STRUCTURES

OPEN SPACE

AS

MUCH OF AN

OF THE CITY

FOLLOWING AND RESIDENTIAL BEYOND THE TIME TWENTYFIVE

THIS

PAGE

IS

DRAWING ILLUSTRATING

THE

SEPARATION OF INDUSTRIAL REPRESENTS
GOAL

AREAS WITH OPEN SPACE BUFFERS PERIOD
OF THE

THIS

RECREATION PLAN WHICH WOULD BE
FACILITIES IN

TWENTY TO
TO SINCE

YEAR PERIOD

IT

WOULD RELY ON OTHER

ADDITION

PARKS OR RECREATION AREAS
THE VERY LONG RANGE TIME

THE

PRESENTATION
IT

IS

IN VERY GENERAL

TERMS

PERIOD

REPRESENTS WILL

BRING

WITH

IT

CHANGES IN

THE URBAN SCENE THAT CANNOT

NOW BE PREDICTED
PERIOD OF

WHILE
STEPS IN

SUCH

GOAL WOULD

EXCEED

REASONABLE PLANNING

TIME

THIS DIRECTION

CAN BE

TAKEN IMMEDIATELY

47

SO

MAP
EXISTING

OPEN SPACE BUFFER

MAP
AREAS

AND PROPOSED RECREATTON SERVING AS BUFFER AREAS BUFFER EXPANSION AREAS EXPRESSWAYS CITY BOUNDARY CENTRAL BUSINESS
INTENSE

CBD

DISTRICT LIGHT INDUSTRY

COMMERCIAL OR
USES

HEAVY INDUSTRIAL

THE DARK AREAS

LOCATED

WITHIN

THE OPEN SPACE BUFFER AS

INDICATE

EXISTING

AND PROPOSED RECREATION

FACILITIES

PRESENTED

IN

THE RECREATION

PLAN

THEY REPRESENT
FACILITIES

COMBINATION

OF

NEIGHBORHOOD

COMMUNITY AND

CITY

WIDE
PUBLIC

WHICH WOULD ALSO SERVE AS PART OF AN OPEN SPACE BUFFER
SCHOOL

USES OTHER THAN RECREATION COULD INCLUDE
THAT ARE THAT

CAMPUSES SERVICE
IT

FACILITIES

LANDSCAPED AND IMPROVED EXPRESSWAY RIGHTSOFWAY
ROUTES WILL

IS

HOPED

EXPRESSWAY
OF

BECOME MORE COMPATIBLE AREAS
PRIVATE

TO THE OPEN SPACE

REQUIREMENTS

URBANIZED

USES COULD INCLUDE

COMMERCIAL

RECREATION AREAS AND MARINAS AS WELL AS GENERAL COMMERCIAL AND
INDUSTRIAL

WHEN THESE ARE LANDSCAPED AND DESIGNED
OF

IN

MANNER

THAT WOULD

SERVE THE PURPOSES

AN OPEN SPACE BUFFER

WITHIN

THE BUFFER WOULD EXIST

HEAVY COMMERCIAL AND

LIGHT

INDUSTRIAL OF THE

USES

HEAVY

INDUSTRY

WOULD BE CONCENTRATED IN THE INNER
OF BUFFALO

PORTION

SOUTHWESTERN SECTION
LIGHT

THIS

WOULD BE SURROUNDED BY

BELT OF

INDUSTRIAL

USES BEFORE

ENCOUNTERING THE OPEN SPACE BUFFER

SINCE LAND

THE FUTURE

MAY

FIND

THE LOSS OF ESTABLISHED

PARK AND RECREATION
LOST

IT

SHOULD

WHEN POSSIBLE

BECOME

POLICY

TO REPLACE

ACREAGE

IN

AN AREA THAT COULD BECOME PART OF SUCH
IS

PROTECTIVE

BUFFER

CITYWIDE

ACREAGE THAT AREAS

LOST COULD BE REPLACED BOTH ALONG THE WATERFRONT AND IN
IN

TO ASSIST

CREATING

THE BUFFER

PROTECTION

49

FINALLY

AN ATTEMPT TO IMPROVE RAILROAD

RIGHTSOFWAY

WOULD HAVE

TO

BE UNDERTAKEN WHERE THEY RUN THROUGH RESIDENTIAL
INDUSTRIAL

AREAS IN ORDER TO CONNECT

AREAS

IT

IS

HOPED THAT BOTH TECHNOLOGY AND CIVIC
IN THE FUTURE

AWARENESS WILL
DUPLICATION OF

PROMPT SUCH AN UNDERTAKING
RAIL

WHERE

THERE

IS

LINES

ONE

LINE

SHOULD BE SELECTED

FOR USE AND THE OTHERS OF AN

REMOVED
OF USES

THE
TO

EXISTENCE

OF

OPEN SPACE BUFFERS

CONSISTING STEP IN

ASSEMBLAGE

SERVE THE PURPOSE WOULD BE

MAJOR

IMPROVING

BUFFALOS

ENVIRONMENT

WHILE
IT

STRESS

IS

PLACED

ON QUANTITATIVE

MEASUREMENTS
ACTIONS

IN

THIS

REPORT

WILL

BE NECESSARY TO RELY ON QUALITATIVE

TO ENHANCE THE CITYS THE CITY

ENVIRONMENT
IMPROVING

THE PROPOSALS

OF THIS

PLAN SHOULD ASSIST

IN

RECREATION OPPORTUNITIES

AS WELL AS IN PROVIDING

VISUAL

RELIEF

IN

CONTRAST TO THE DENSELY DEVELOPED CITY
IS

THE PRIMARY CONCERN
THE QUALITY

OF THIS

REPORT

TO ESTABLISH

FRAMEWORK FROM WHICH
AND OPEN SPACE CITY

OF THE SYSTEM

OF

RECREATION ENVIRONMENT

FACILITIES

MAY DEVELOP

TO

IMPROVE

THE

OF THE

THE

TWENTIETH

CENTURY CITY

IS

IN

THE

PROCESS OF RELIEVING
IS

ITSELF

OF THE UTILITARIAN

FORM

OF THE NINETEENTH

CENTURY CITY AND

STRIVING

TOWARD

GOAL OF

IMPROVED URBAN DESIGN
YET TO BE INTRODUCED

THROUGH NEW TOOLS AND
AS WELL AS GROWING CIVIC WILL

TECHNOLOGY INTEREST
IT

SOME
IS

HOPED THAT
BY THE NEXT

NEW CONNOTATION CENTURY

BE GIVEN

TO

URBAN

ENVIRONMENT

50

APPENDICES

COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD
NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION

PLANNING

POPULATIONS

52 53

ASSIGNMENT

OF SPLIT

INVENTORY FACILITIES

59

OF EXISTING INVENTORY IN BUFFALO PUBLIC

OPEN SPACE AND RECREATION AND SEMIPUBLIC

AREAS
60
62 63 65 67

CCMMERCIAL RECREATION AGE CONSIDERATIONS
YOUTH AND ELDERLY REGIONAL RECREATION FACILITIES STANDARDS FOR OUTDOOR RECREATION FOR THE
PHYSICALLY

HANDICAPPED

PEDESTRIAN
MODIFICATION

WAYS
OF SITE

68 LOCATIONS 71 72

SUGGESTED PRIORITY

COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD
POPULATION

NAMES AND
73

DENSITY

MAP

51

APPENDIX

COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD PLANNING

POPULATIONS

TA

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CI

0000
01U0 940404

64004
01

001040
IT

00000
0400400

001

09440 4444

94949400

P00001 444

04

04 04
40
94 94 01

CI
101
444

01

0404004

154
CI CI LI IA

00000 40000 949494

00000
94

44

0FI 4044

P00 0CO 0410
9404

00094

00

IN
14

CP40 460

401040
04

00004
94

U4P001 4040044
04444

CI

4404
LI

14

10 44

00 UT

9464

094

14 4CI U4 400 LIT

414

006 144

444 141
44

44

0IIII

13ES

04413 06 04

00044

52

REC

TOTALED
188 422
AND

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
77 39 35 16 67

REQ 195
90

151000 101 PHASES PLANNING BUFFALO ACREAGE CC EXISTING ACREAGE
105
83

102

676

AT

24 05 19 07 07 51 11 2020 70 0662 02 6707 60 35 05 30

254

NORTH

RECREATION
PIG
21 81 88 66 86

PIG TN
22

PTS
64

REQUIRED
AND

FACILITY
TOTAL PS TOTAL PS TOTAL PSPS TOTAL PS PS

SHOSHONE SHOSHONE CROCKER
TOTAL PS TOTAL PSDELA

OELAPK3 COMMUNITY
BUFFALO
NORTH

54

PK

TOTALS

EXISTING

NEIGHBORHOOD NORTH
NORTH STARIN
PARK
44 29
51

DELAWARE
PARK PARK

CENTRAL

MEADOW
29

PARKSIDE
188

REQ

TOTALED
AND

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
35

APPENDIX
SCE

REQ

PHASES
AT

PLANNING 151000
107 120 PIG
65

92

78

54

451

FACILITY
SPLIT
263
PK

RIV

ACREAGE EXISTING ACREAGE

7215 57 7606 70 63 04 17 25 17 2707 17 03 25 08 17

RECREATION
REQUIRED
AND

FACILITY TOTAL PSWILLIAMS TOTALPSRIVERSIDE
PK PK

60

HERTEL HERTEL TOTAL PSGAY BARRETT TOTAL PSPORTERMARKET TOTAL PS TOTALS
79 51 42

RAMSDELL
EXISTING

P1G

MIDSCH

SQSQ

MIDSCH
ROCK

NEIGHBORHOOD RIVERSIDE

RIVERSIDE MILITARY

ROCK

CO
BL

BLACK

UPPER

RIVERSIDE

RE

TOTALED
64

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
217 140 107 528 REQ

AND

PHASES
AT

PLANNING 151000
90

233

278

225

826

SIDE WEST

COMMUNITY

ACREAGE
EXISTING ACREAGE
26 04 22 16 0203 09 02

138 12 1102 05 7716

FLG1O
7TH

05

118 07 0404 16 07 80 298

RECREATION
P1G

CIRCLE
19 45 36

REQUIRED
AND

FACILITY TOTAL PSBRADLEY TOTAL PSPSCOLONIAL FERRY TOTAL PSPSPSPSPROSPECT MASS BUATIMASS SYMPHONY
52 18 38 49 77

CIRCLE
TOTAL SEVENTH PS DAYS PS
PARK
PK

PARK
P1G

CIRCLE
P1G

PLGPSL
TAUNIELLO LASALLE
TOTALS

EXISTING
FRONT

NEIGHBORHOOD FOREST GRANTFERRY
PARK

COMMUNITY
LAKEVIEW
WEST
SIDE
04

REC

TOTALED
69

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
147
44

264

APPENDIX
SEE

AND

REQ

PHASES
AT

PLANNING151000
116 158 185
09 0303 02 11 06 02 03 PKTN

FACILITY
143 602

SPLIT

EAST

NORTH

COMMUNITY
RECREATION
83

ACREAGE EXISTING ACREAGE 47 30
TN TN

141 07 092075 30 139 06 4192

338

TN

REQUIRED
AND

FACILITY TOTAL PSGRCLEVRADCLIFFE

TYLERWINSPEAR TY1ERFLO RANGELASALLE
NEIGHBORHOOD UNIVERSITY

P1GPK
63 78 68 80 85 61

TOTAL PSPS TOTAL

PS PS

ROOSEVELT GRCLEV TOTAL PSDEI
LASALLE

P1G

MANHATTANCLEASNER
KENSINGTON
LEROY

TOTALS

COMMUNITY
EXISTING
EAST

NORTH

REQ

TOTALED
88

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
205 117 105
95

610

AND

REQ

PHASES
AT

MASTEZI COOULIRRY

ACREAGE
140

PLANNING 151000 EXISTING ACREAGE
90

219

186

120

135

750

0202 14 0706 01 6902 52 15 15 01 14 40 40

RECREATION
REQUIRED
AND

TN

FACILITY
TOTAL
PARK

MASTENNORTHIAND
P1G
53 74 93 48

SCH P1G

PIG
39

TOTAL PSPS TOTAL PSMASTEN TOTAL PS TOTAL MASTEN PS
PARK

WOODLAWN KINGSLEY
TOTALS

EXISTING
COLD

NEIGHBORHOOD SPRING
HANLIN
FRUIT

MASTEN

KINGSLEY
129
62

BELT

COMMUNITY
MASTEN

REQ

TOTALED
4250
POP
64
ON

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
00
14

EXCLUDED

APPENDIX
319
78
SEE

AND

REQ

PHASES
AT

PLANNING 151000
98

MALLROW
ON

114

BASED

BASED

135

140

REMOVED
BE

FACILITY
515
TO

SPLIT

EL CGIMUNITY

64 64 ACREAGE EXISTING ACREAGE

84 06 36 42 21 0504 02 10 11 04 07 16 0706 03

TN

RECREATION
REQUIRED
AND

PARK
56

PLACE
17

CIRCLE

FACILITY TOTAL DELAVARE TOTAL PSPARKVAYSSOLDIERS TOTAL PSCOLONIAL FERRY GATES TOTAL PSSYMPHONY TOTALARLINGTON SYMPHONY EXISTING

CIRCLE CIRCLE

CIRCLE
16

PARK CIRCLE

TRI05

196

NORTHFRANKLIN EL
TOTALS

NEIGHBORHOOD ATHRIGHT

CONMUNITY
LINCOLN

CLEVELAND

BRYANT

ALLEN

EU4WOOD

REQ

TOTALED
AND

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
140
53

193

REQ

PHASEA
AT

PLANNING 151000
158
BE

68

REMOVED
226
TO 33

CENTRAL COMMUNITY

ACREAGE EXISTING ACREAGE

18 06 12 15 06 02 13

RECREATION
PARK

SQUARE SQUARE
35

REQUIRED
AND

FACILITY TOTAL PSJOHNSON TOTAL PSNIAGARALAFAYETTE
TOTALS

76

EXIATING BUSINESS
CENTH
100
45 93

NEIGHBORHOOD WATERFRONT
REQ

DISTRICT

AUDITORIUMNONRESIDENTIAL
COMMUNITY
42

TOTALED
194
AND

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
90 43

607

APPENDIX
SET

REQ

PHASES
AT

PLANNING 151000
185 203
95

180

165

131

93

1052
120 68 3814
38 38 51 0843

FACILITY
PIIT
445

DFLAVAN
EAST

COMMUNITY

ACREAGE EXISTING ACREAGE

95 07 88 09 09 52 20 06 26 8060 18 02

TN
PK

RECREATION
REQUIRED
AND

P1G

PK

FACILITY TOTAL MOSELLE KENA TOTAL PS TOTALLANGWEBER PSSCHILLER TOTALHUMBOLDT GLEINUOOD TOTAL EURSONNAWAK URBAN TOTAL FMERSON TOTAL P5SCHILLER
82 71 11

HTS

PKP1G

PARADECENESEE
EXISTING

P1G

P1G PIG

P1G

PARK

TOTALS

NEIGHBORHOOD MEYER

PARK

KENFIELD

LANG

HUMBOLDT

MOSELLE

WALDENBAILEY

PARK

SCHILLER

DELAVAN
EAST

REQ

TOTALED ADDITIONAL ACREAGE 118
73

30

46

147

65

28

11

518

AND

REQ

PHASES
AT

PLANNING 151000
135 150 676 105
30

150

65

30
11

SIDE EAST

ACREAGE EXISTING ACREAGE
17 03 14 32 09 23 00 00

104 09 06 67 22 158
PKPIG

03 03 00 00 0202 00 00

0303 00 31061411
P1GP1G

RECREATION
SP

P1G
44 43

REQUIRED FACILITY
PS PS
AND

TOTAL PSPS TOTAL PSLINCOLN TOTAL TOTAL PSDAVEY HENNEPIN KORELAND TOTAL PS TOTAL TOTAL PS TOTAL

25 90

P1G

57

40

NOURES NONRES NONRES NONRES COLLINS MULLIN
25 26

TOTALS

EXISTING

BEIGHBORHOOD MILLS
PERSON
OTDECLA DINGENS
103 105 REQ

PULLMAN LOVEJOY

BROADWAYFILLMORE PECKHAM
PK PK

IND LAD

BAITA
457

BABCOCK

COMMUNITY
EAST

TOTALED
AND

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
119 130 REQ

APPENDIX
135

PHASES
AT

PLANNING 151000
165

150

REMOVED
BE

SEE

225
TO

675

FACILITY
SPIIT
120 03 03104

ELLICOTT COMMUNITY

ACREAGE EXISTING ACREAGE

4612 03 08 23 2003 17 3203 04 29

HALL10

218

RECREATION
REQUIRED
AND

FACILITY EXISTING

12

TOTAL PSPSWENDE WILLERT TOTAL PSJOHNSON TOTAL PSPSSPERRY TOTAL PSPSJFK

47

P1G

PARK
41

P1G
75

SP PIG
50 32

CENTER

WELCOME

TODHEALY

TOTALS

NEIWILLERT

PARK

PARK

COMMUNITY
JOHNSON
NSLIE

ELLICOTT

ELLICOTT

REQ

TOTALED ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
50 00 12 07 00 12 02 83
AND

REQ

PHASES
AT

PLANNING151000
150 128 1622S16 74 186 6560 02 30160607 118 11 22 124011 1507 818
PK 83

117

105

128

198

120

901

BUFFALO ACREAGE EXISTING ACREAGE
SOUTH

100 1288
83 27 54 02

105 23 03 03 452407

98 2507 50 12 04

RECREATION
PK PKPIG SPG PK PKP1G P1GPARK P1G PARK PARK INDIAN PARK TOTAL TAYLOR PSTYLER MULNOY HEACOCKMCKINLEY TOTAL HEACOCK PSCAZ MCKINLEY MCCELLAN TOTAL PSCAZ SENHILLERY TOTAL OKELL SOUTH PSMUIROY MCKINLEY MCKINLEY MCCELLAN TOTAL PS SHELDON CAZMCKINLEY MCKINLEY MECELLAN
28 72 70 29
67

TN
PK

PIWY

SEMINOLE REQUIRED FACILITY TOTAL PSHOUGHTON TOTALBUTLER HINERY MINERAL
69

PK

PKWY CIRCLE

PKWYCIRCLE CIRCLE

PK

PKWYCIRCLE CIRCLE

BROOKDALE

AND

EXISTING

NEIGHBORHOOD HOUGHTON
SENECA
SOUTH
REQ

PARK

PARK

TRIANGLE
COWS
50

CUMBENLAND
CAZENOVIA
BFLO
50

PARK

ABBOTT
SOUTH

TOTALS BUFFALO
SOUTH

TOTALED
AND

ADDITIONAL ACREAGE
REQ
TO

PHASES
AT

PLANNING 151000
150
BE

ABANDONED
TO 020120 1132 35

SOUTH

APPENDIX
SEE

TRANSFER
3333
00

150

FACILIUV
SPLIT

RIVER

BUFFALO CT4MUNITY

100 ACREAGE EXISTING ACREAGE

2726 01
PIG PIG PK P1G

00

100

RECREATION
REQUIRED
AND

FACILITY
EXISTING

34 CONWAY TOTAL PSPS SULLIVAN LANIGAN FR TAYLOR

CHICAGOPERRY

NONRES NONRES NONRELSEDDY NONRES
PS

P1G

P1G 33

TOTALS

CCR4MUNITY

NEIGHBORHOOD PERRY

HOPKINS
WEST
ELK

HYDRAULICS INDUSTRIAL

RIVER

BUFFALO

ASSIGN

MENP

01

SPI

A1

01

FACILITY TOTAL ACRES CAZENOVIA

NEIGHBORHOOD

CITYWIDE

OTHER

USES

ACRES

ACRES

ACRES

I917

PK PK

DELALJARE

3676

40 50 CAS PK 22 PARK MEADOW 60 PARKSIDE 30 ALBRIGHT 64
ABBOTT

BFLOP
ELMWOOD

150 TS0

1526 1935

CUMBERLD

BFLOFLFD127

NBFLOPK
MASTAN 4ASTEN PLC

EIU

PLID300

XPWYB
0WFE
FT

225 130

LO

GROVER CLEVIND

1120

362
HUMBOLDT

UK PK

UNIVERSITY3O KENSINGTON30
HOUGRATON

88

WSIDE PLFD150 NEAST PK L34 NRAST PLID141 ESIDE PK
RSJDE

PLTD265

757

NYS

DOT

28
US

JU

510

HUMBOLDT EHLICOTT

60
104

BIB

PHD 100 PLFD124

50

UF
US
FL

JFI

211 LASALLE 773 372 SCHILLER 369
FR

EHHICOTT
PARK

EDELAVAFL PK MASTEN PK EHHICOTT PLC

120

250

80

107 213
CORN COLLEGE

00U W0V
UU

US

LAKEVI
RIV

80

PIGD

RIVSRSIDE

PARK PARK

SBOSHONE

164 CONWAY 145

WHERTEL MID

SCH34

HASTEN PIG

92

EMERSON

106

PIG

4U1ROY P1G

75 COLONIAL CIR 55 FERRY CIRCLE 16 GATES CIRCLE 47 LCCLELLAN CIR 45
MCKINLEY

45 SYMPHONY CIR 45
LAFAYETTE

CIR

S70 SCHILLER PK 43 LANG 26 STARIN 20 CENTRAL PARK 62 PERRY 35 MILITARY 17 ROCK17 UPPER BI 1LASTEN PARK 52 FRUIT BELT 40 MOSEHLE 68 WALDENBAILEY38 TRIANGLE 45 PARK 30 CLEVELAND 04 GRANTFERRY 09 CLEVELAND 02 GRANTFERRY 02 CLEVELAND 10 CUMBERLAND 04 SOUTH ABBOTT 07 SOUTH PARK 07 SOUTH ABBOTT 07 SOUTH PARK 06 ALLEN 06 07 BRYANT FRONT PARK 05
PK
BUSINESS BLACK

CENTRAL PLC CENTRAL PIFD RIVERSIDE PK RIVERSIDE PTFD

ETELAVAO EDELAVAN

NBFLO PHD
BFLORIVCR

205 150 152 PK 100 PHD 200

75

200

UU00 US
WA
CI

AA
UU0
FT

U4 SU U0

OJSVH UD

HS0 0A
0U0

IU0

82

000 000 005 SS
H0 CU UO UO
WSF UAA

PUD 110

0O
S0 CJZ

UA U0UO
US0A LROJJUS
UTJOUS

35AASI

US
OFT

UO 55 UU
FTC

0FT

U05

U0 UC
U0

IJTR
RIGHTA

0O
FAAY
UFT

U0U
TU US

MU U0 U0 00
SO

UJ 0I 50
UI

UHOSU UH0 SUCS US

RIGHTOFWAY RIGHTOFWAY

UD

UU
UU0

IOU
RNS

UO

UUU0

RI

RIGHTOFWAY

LO MARKET 03
144 282

SQ

NIAT02

RIGHTOFWAY RIGHTOFWEY

SQ

ROCK

SOLDIERS

SQ P188
PKWY

03 13

BUSIFLESS

BIDWELL CHAPIN LINCOLN PKWY LCKINLEY

LINCOLN LINCOLN

42

DIST

RIGHTOFWAY
RIGKATOFWAY

36
12

RIGHTOFWAY RIGHTOFWAYI

CUMBERLAND ABBOTT PARK TRIANGLE

16
59

APPENDIX

INVENTORY OF EXISTING
AREAS
OF BUFFALO
IN

BUFFALO

OPEN SPACE AND RECREATION PUBLIC AND SEMIPUBLIC

CITY

PARKS

DEPARTMENT ACREAGE SERVING AS OPEN SPACE OR FOR

OF THE LAND UNDER JURISDICTION PARKS DEPARTMENT WITH ACREAGE

RECREATION
10 MAJOR PARKS
15

109782

10612

SMALL PARKS

3749
18506

387
1717

41

PLAYGROUNDS MISCELLANEOUS CIRCLES SQUARES PARKWAYS 53 TRIANGLES 32 CENTERSTRIPS

7931 3752

1071

128

901
8362

424
833
154250

32 96 22 00
14065

SUBTOTAL
SCHOOL DEPARTMENT

SCHOOL PLAYGROUNDS NEIGHBORHOOD FIELDS ATHLETIC CITYWIDE PIG TO BE LOST EXISTING

465

96 21
582
14647

SUBTOTAL
CITY
OF BUFFALO

TOTAL
IN

SEMIPUBIC
DIOCESE

NOT COUNTED
OF BUFFALO

RECREATION

PLAN

SCHOOLS

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PLAYGROUNDS HIGH SCHOOL PLAYFIELDS SCHOOLS PLAYGROUNDS AFFILIATED

281 225

61
567 111 248 656

SUBTOTAL
PRIVATE COLLEGES SCHOOLS

PLAYGROUNDS ATHLETIC FTELDS

AND UNIVERSITY

NIAGARA FRONTIER PORT AUTHORITY SMALL BOAT HARBOR

NETA

SEMIPUI
PUBLIC

TOTAL TOTAL
SEE APPENDIX 60

AND SEMIPUBLIC

FOR

EXPLAI

APPENDIX

CONTINUED

STATISTICAL

SUMMARY OF THE RECREATION

PLAN ACRES PERCENT
OF TOTAL

COMPONENTS OF PLAN
750 ACRES NEIGHBORHOOD GOAL EXISTING NEIGHBORHOOD ACREAGE EXISTING PLAYGROUND ACREAGE PHASE ADDITIONAL ACREAGE ADDITIONAL PHASE II ACREAGE TOTAL

3274

44
27
297

2182A
2075 2162 7511 4751

COMMUNITY EXISTING

GOAL

750

ACRES
637

COMMUNITY ACREAGE

PLAYFIELDS PARKS
ADDITIONAL

2827A
1924A
REQUIRED

56

787 2739 7490

ACREAGE
4470

37

PLAYFIELDS PARKS
TOTAL

2188A

55LA
5015A

22

PLAYFIELDS PARKS CITYWIDE

2475A
750

GOAL

ACRES

EXISTING CITYWIDE ACREAGE ADDITIONAL REQUIRED ACREAGE TOTAL PLAN TOTALS EXISTING

6485
1015

86 14

7500

GOAL

2250

ACRES 14510

RECREATION OPEN SPACE ACREAGE 137 ACRES TO BE LOST 14647 ADDITIONAL REQUIRED ACREAGE TOTAL

MCI

65 35

7991 22501

NOTE

EXACT FIGURES DO NOT OCCUR DUE TO THE ROUNDING TO HUNDREDS AND ACREAGE TO TENTHS OF AN ACRE

OF POPULATION

61

012

APPENDIX

COMMERCIAL

RECREATION

RECREATION FACILITIES WHICH ARE IN NATURE AND SEMIPUBLIC ACTIVITIES FOR WHICH FEE MUST BE PAID ARE LISTED THE CATEGORY OF ENTERTAINMENT LOUNGE INCLUDES BOTH FACILITIES WHERE IS CHARGED FOR LIVE PERFORMANCES AND COCKTAIL ADMISSION LOUNGES WHERE LIVE ENTERTAINMENT IS OFFERED REGULARLY MOTION PICTURE AND LIVE THEATER INDICATES THAT IS EQUIPPED FOR FACILITY AND OFFERS BOTH THESE TYPES OF ENTERTAINMENT LIVE PRODUCTIONS INDICATES LIVE MUSICAL AND THEATRICAL PROGRAMS

CON

MAP

RECREATION RILLIARD PARLOR ROWLING ALLEYS ROLLER SKATING RINK INDOOR TENNIS DANCE HALL ENTERTAINMENT LOUNGE MMOTION PICTURE THOTION PICTURE LIVE LIVE PRODUCTIONS

THEATER
THEATER

NUMBER OF BARS AND TAVERNS IS INDICATED AFTER COMMUNITY

NAME

IN

PARENTHESIS

IS

THAT

54169 19043 EAST 18045 DWEST SIDE 28051 EELMWOOD 12036 MASTEN 38076 GEAST DELAVAN 55082 ILCENTRAL 42466 BASED IFLLICOTT 55162 IEAST SIDE 88180 KBUFFALO RIVER 19146 LSOUTHLLUFFALO 28049
ARIVERSIDE

NUMBER PER 1000
BUFFALO

PERSONS

BNORTH CNORTH

AZ
ON DAYTIME POPULATION

38

CITY

TOTAL

456

95

PERSONAL RECREATIOL4
IFL

EXPENDITUIIES

USA

MIIFIG

IIMT LANK

ME
31147

IS
34B7S

IS

IS
5173
933 FL

TEL NIKAIC P44

MW
W5I7IWC
10417

32
154
2193 3417

SI

65
1493 3934

57 159 154 ILS

1074

NLILLHSHSLI

LA
315
7413 3493
374

EO
3617

SI

1I
3401
431

256
3031 1930 TOIL 1541

I3ADSELDE9 HID 34 P31154
IWFL
534434 3144341 557FLL937
5115 34

3421
093 452

35
SIB 544

PAIL

NI 161
933

1111 0393

151
1724

0274 313

04
393
931

54530

1543410

L54

III

143 237

363 293 233

684 387

34

55
1141 1993

08
030
734

HMCS 5654
9417

P115

14
71144
093 III

544 OIL

1041
510

55
441535

45

1414

1941

SESEOSESEPIDO RPJ 4TL3
4117411

51471

DISTIL

PUTS PT
4031

14934

100791 35

574

P1415T6

97149F445314ST

3494SS

OLD 143149

54W3

04714971

P135

45
PP

13414

115A

459543445 41134 0916

MU

A447

9913 L10MS9I9T

1531561341

754040545954434541957 LALIL P17

CP6

62

APIENTMX

AGE

YOUTH AND ELDERLY

CONSTDERAT YOUTH RECREATION PROGRA

AND ELDERLY

TO IHEU THEY ARE OPEN ARE INDICATED YOUTH BOARD ATE INDICATED OF THE ACTIVITIES ARE PRIMFLTILY AS PSRT OF ASPECTS OF THE PUBLIC PROGRAT AND THE ELDERLY X1LY THE RECREATION FOR THE YOLFLLG 40 TO 43 THE GENERAL PUBLIC RECTC5TI PROGTAM SEE PAGES TO INCORPORATE RECREATION COUMFLFLITY OQILD BE DESIRABLE SYSTAN OF OF THE PROPOAED THE FUNCTIOI

SEMIPUBLIC

FACILITISS

SHA

CEX

NR

JO
COMMUNITI
ES

RWERS
BUFFALO

NORTH EAST WESTSIDE MASTEN EAST FLELAVAN CENTRAL
ELLICOTT

EASTS
BUFFALO RIVET SOUTH BUFFALO

CITY

OF BUFFALO

PROPOSED ELDERLY SPONSOR
IVISIOFL
YOIITH

47

OF BOARD

RECREATI

SEKIPIJBLIC ELDERLY YOUTH SPOILSOL BOYS CLUB OF BUFFALO HOUSE YOUTH BOATD COFFEE

IN JE NEIG
WE5TMIFLI5L

PRIVATE FACILITY CENTER OF BUFFALO HOUSE ASS LEAGUE ATHLETIC POLICE ARMY SALVSTI

OUSC

MYWCA YOUTH BD IN

PRIVATE

PACILITY

RESIDENTIAL

AREAS

63

APPENDIXFCONTINUED AGE GROUP PROFILES
IN

BUFFALO

19601966

01

AIEW

3V

URN ARIAS

LA

96

04

IT

6D

WWIZ MM UT1
HEAVY

IWSFLLAL

OTY I6ANU
AREAS

APPENDIX

REGIONAL

RLCIUA

FACILITIES

OF METROPOLITAN BUFFALO DEVELOPMENT ERIE AND NIAGARA COUNTIES CONTINUES CONSIDERATION MUST BE GIVEN NOT ONLY TO BUT ALSO TO FUTURE PRESENTLY NEEDED RECREATION FACILITIES REQUIREMENTS BY RESERVING OPEN SPACE IN AREAS BEFORE DEVELOP OF LAND FOR OPEN SPACE AND MENT TAKES PLACE THE RESERVATION RESOURCE FOR FUTURE PARKS SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN AS TBE THE

AS

MASTER PLAN OF ERIE COUNTY PROPOSES THAT 16000 ACRES OF FLOOD FOR DEVELOPNENT SHOULD BE PRESERVED PLAIN LAND WHICH IS UNSUITED IN THESE AREAS AS OPEN APACE AREAS BY RESTRICTING DEVELOPMENT FUTURE EXPENSES TO SOLVE DRAINAGE AT PROBLEMS WOULD BE REDUCED THE SAME TIME THE STRIP PARKS OF FLOOD PLAIN LAND WOULD SERVE AS RELIEF FROM URBAN CONGESTION IN MANY CASES THE STRIP PARKS WOULD CONNECT LARGE PARKS THERE ARE 3000 PRESENTLY CONTAIN 7318 ACRES OF FOREST PRESERVES NOW UNDER COUNTY JURISDICTION LONG OF 36300 AND DOUBLE RANGE GOALS SEEK THE DEVELOPMENT ACRES BY 1980 THAT BY THE YEAR 2000 PRESENTLY ERIE COUNTY HAS ABOUT 13455 ACRES STATE FACILITIES OF PARKS FOREST PRESERVES AND RECREATION INCLUDING AREAS THE GOAL FOR 1980 CALLS FOR AN ADDITIONAL 19000 ACRES INCLUDING 16000 ACRES OF FLOOD PLAIN LAND ALSO PROPOSED IS COUNTY GREENBELT BOUNDARY CONTROLLED BY ZONING AND PROGRAM OF WOULD CREATE THIS COSTLY ACQUISITION LARGE AREA NOT REQUIRING WATER AND SEWER SERVICES FOURTEEN ARE BEING COUNTY PARKS EXIST ENLARGED OR ARE PLANNED
ERIE

COUNTY PARKS

ACRES

NIAGARA COUNTY PRESENTLY HAS APPROXIMATELY 5000 ACRES OF PARKS AND YORK STATE FACILITIES IT HAS PROPOSALS OPEN SPACE INCLUDING FOR AN ADDITIONAL 728 ACRES THE STATE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SHORE HAS INDICATED THE LAKE ONTARIO SUGGESTED PARKWAY FOLLOWING

NE

LINE
IN THE TWO COUNTY AREA NEW YORK STATE PRESENTLY HAS

5168

ACRES

OF

PARKIAND AND 2413 ACRES OF FOREST PRESERVES AND GAME MANAGEMENT HERE AS ADDITIONAL AREA AN ESTIMATED 875 ACRES ARE INDICATED FACILITIES THAT MAY BE ANTICIPATED IN THE AREA STATE
AND STATE PARK FACILITIES PRESENTLY CONSTITUTE THAT TO APPROXIMATELY 16700 PROPOSALS WOULD INCREASE OF PARK LAND OTHER OPEN SPACE FACILITIES NOW CONSTITUTE 5413 ACRES WITH PROPOSALS INCREASING THAT FIGURE 56600 GREATLY TO APPROXIMATELY ACRES MAJOR EMPHASIS HAS BEEN PLACED ON THE PROVISION OF OPEN SPACE WHICH WILL BOTH SERVE THE OPEN SPACE NEEDS OF AN URBANIZED AND PROVIDES RESOURCE FOR THE PROVISION OF FUTURE PARKS POPULATION AS THE POPULATION DEMANDS IN TOTAL THE TWO COUNTIES

13059

ACRES

FACILITIES IS THIS BY NATURE QUANTITATIVE STUDY SUMMARY OF REGIONAL THE QUALITATIVE ASPECT OF THE PARKS AND OPEN SPACE PROVIDED RESTS WITH THE COUNTY OR STATE AGENCIES WHICH DEVELOP THEM EXISTING ERIE OR UNDER DEVELOPMENT TOTALS ACREAGE

COUNTY PARKS ERIE CO FOREST PRESERVES NIAGARA COUNTY PARKS NEW YORK STATE PARKS FOREST PRESERVES CAME MANAGEMENT AREA

7318 3000
573

NYS NYS

5168
413

2000 18472

PROPOSED

ACREAGE PARKS

FLOOD PLAIN

CREENBELT LONG PARKS PROPOSED

RANGE ON MAP

16000 35000 1353
250

RECREATION PARKWAY OPEN SPACE PARKA LOCATIONS INDEFINITE

54903

TOTAL PARKS
PARKS OTHER

AND

OPEN

SPACE

ACREAGE

EXISTING
OPEN SPACE

13059 EXISTING

16112 5413 73357

65

PLANNING
OF

DIVISION BUFFALO

MAP

METROPOLITAN
20

SPACE
OPEN
AND

AREA

16

PARKS

REGIONAL
EXISTING PROPOSED
77

UNURBAIZED RBANIZED RESERVATION
PRESENT 1990 INDIAN WILDLIFE
PARK PARK

AREA

RESERVATION FACILITIES
COUNTY STATE FOREST BENNETT NFPA UNDER PROPOSED EXPANDED FLOOD OPEN SUGGESTED
1453 717 464 1081
165 910 650 733 135
68

CITY HARBOR

PRESERVE BEACH SMALL

BOAT

IDENTIFICATION DEVELOPMENTFACILITIES

PARKS PARK PARK PLAIN SPACE

PARKWAY

IDENTIFICATION
372 375 26
95

ACREAGE
1286 288 238 260

394 277 534 204 783 490 984

JURISDICTION COUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTY COUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTYCOUNTY COUNTY COUNTYCOUNTY
DEVELOPMENT
UNDER
OR

STATE STATE

STATE

YORK YORK YORK ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE ERIE NEW ERIE NEW ERIE ERIE NEW

STATE STATE STATE CEAST T OUNTY STATE COUNTY COUNTY COUNTY ACREAGE 16000 35000 YORK YORK YORKYORK YORK NIAGARA NIAGARA NIAGARA NIAGARA ESTIMATED
NEW NEW NEW NEW NEW

SOO 100

25

547 156

25

250

EXISTING

IDENTIFICATION
MAP

CREEK COURSE CREEK MILE PARKS CREEK GOLF CREEKFALLS MEADOWS CREEK BROOK RIDGE FOREST MILE WOODS POINT ISLAND VIEW CREEK 14 RIVER NIAGARA HILL COWEST MLLE BEEMAN AKRON COMA ELM HUNTERS EMERY SPRAGUE CHESTNUT BOSTON EIGHTEEN LARKIN EVANGOLA STURGEON BEAVER LALE ELLICOTT BUCKHORN 896 NIAGARA FORT FOUR KRULL GOLDEN NIAGARA CANAL
10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

WILEONTUSCARORA

OPPENHEIIN PROPOSED

IDENTIFICATION

MAP

SPACE PARKS RANGE LAKE OPEN STRIP EXP LONG BONDS RAVINE PLAIN BELT VALLEY CREEK EAST MILE FLOOD GREEN ZOAR MARINA CANAL
18

PARKWAY

ESCARPMENTROYALTON SUGGESTED

APPENDIX

STANDARFLS

FOR OUTDOORRECREATION THE PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED
IN

FOR
EXREMIED REACH

STANDARDS OF

ARE PROVIDED

THE PHYSICALLY
COUNCIL

MORE DETAIL IN OUTDOORRECREATION FOR HANDICAPPED 1967 STATE OF NEWYORK DEPARTMENT

CONSERVATION STATE COUNCIL OF PARKS AND OUTDOORRECREATION THE MANDATE FOR ALL FUTURE CONSTRUCTION REGARDS SUCH STANDARDS AS THE SYMBOL INDICATES FACILITIES STATE OR FEDERAL ASSISTANCE SEEKING MADE ACCESSIBLE FOR HANDICAPPED PERSONS THIS DOES NOT PRECLUDE THE USE OF THE FACILITIES BY OTHERS
DESIRABLE GOAL FOR THE CITY TO ACCOMMODATE AT ONE TIME THIS WOULD HE APPROXIMATELY OF BUFFALO WOULD BE TO PROVIDE FACILITIES
IN

NORMAL REACH

LT
240

OF THE

HANDICAPP

PERSONS

THE DESIRABLE OF CONTROL HEIGHT

PERSONS

EAS

TEA

FACILITY

STRUCTURE RARKING LOT PORTION RESERVED NONSLIP

DIMENSIONS SIZE

OR

DESIGN CONSIDERATION

RAILIN
IIITH

28 MID
OPENINGS

HIGH

RAI1
IN

ACCESS
PARKING NE APACE PLUS 057 PARKING AREA

TOT

TURNAROUND

PAVEMENT PAVED DRIVE

TO

LOADING

75 FT WIN
IN
OS

POINTS
MENT PATHS

NONSLIP

PAVE

RADIUS OR AUTO TURNING

WALK

RAMPS

NONSHIP PAVEMENT WITH CONTRASTING AT EDGE MATERIAL PATH OR BRIDGE STRUCTURE NONSLIP
CURBS

48
FOR

WIDE

2WAY

OR TO TRAFFIC

FT BETWEEN PARKING SPACES AVOID WHEELCHAIR TRAFFIC BEHIND AUTOMOBILES WAITING AREA ADJACENT FOR DISABLED TO EZIT ENTER AUTOS IDTHOUT BLOCKING TRAFFIC EXPANSION JOINTS MINIMIZED CROSS WALKS SHOULD BE AT GRADE
GRADE 57 PREFERRED MAXIMUM OF 8337 LEVEL REST AREAS AT 30 FT INTERVALS

30

IN

RAILINGS

IN RAILINGS OF DANGER

AREAS

MATERIAL
WIDE

BETWEEN RAILS OR FOR 2WAY TRAFFIC

L12

32

HIGH OFFSET FROM WALLAT LEAST BYOAID GRADE

DOORS CONCESSION STANDS TELEPHONES LAVATORIES DRINKING FOUNTAINS ACTIVITIES PARTIAL LIST
SWISMAING

EE

DIAGRAM

DESIGNED WITH DISABLED AND WHEELCHAIR REACH CONIIDERED

RECESSED AREA AT SHALLOW END OF POOL SITTING HIGLAL2S STEPS WIDE SPECTATOR AREAS SHELTERED BENCHES ON FIRM OR PAVED SURFACE TABLE AND RAISED FIRE PICNICKING AREAS PLACE ON FIRM SURFACE DOCKS OR PIERS BOATING AREAS SAFETY RAILS RAMPS OR GANG RAILS BATTETS PLANKS POOL

575

ECESSED AREA APPROX 12 FROM AIDE INTO SHALLOW END

AREA SET ASIDE NEXT TO POOI FOR STORAGE OF EQUIPMENT

SLOPING HANDRAIL ALONG STEPS

LOCATED CLOSE TO SPORT FIELD WITHOUT VISUAL OBSTRUCTION WITHIN 300 FT OF COMFORT STATION AND DRINKING FOUNTAIN

RAILS TO ASSIST SEATING ON BENCHES

IN ALL RAILING AREAS OF DANGER

FISHING SCENIC

AREAS PATHS

NONSLIPMATERIAL PAVED AREA NONSLIP
ALTERATION PATHS AS REQUIRED SURFACE OF EXISTING TO 10 FEET WIDE

GOLF PUTTING

ON

FIRM

TETHERBALL

ACCESS PATHS SHOULD BE PROVIDED WITH TURNAROUND RM LEVEL REST AREAS AT AREAS OF EXERTION SPACED 30 FT ON LONG SLOPES BUILT WI HANDICAPPED LIMITATIONS IN MIND

PROTECTIVE RAILING ALON BANKS IN AREAS RAI1II OF DANGER

BASKETBALL HOOPS GAME TABLES

67

PF
MOVANENT TAKING

AYS

IN BUFFALO THE POPULATION DENSITY IS RELATIVELY HIGH AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC DOMINATES THE STREET CONSIDERATION IN PROVIDING RECREA TION FACILITIES IS ACCESS TO THE AREA ESPECIALLY BY CHILDREN THE PEDESTRIAN WAYS SUGGESTED IN THIS REPORT REPRESENT AN ATTEMPT TO PROVIDE ROUTES AS WALKWAYS WITH AUTOMOBILE PRIMARILY

DES
SECONDARY

ROLE

THE SIMPLEST WALKWAY WOULD CONSIST OF NO MORE THAN STREET OF LOW AUTOMOBILE VOIWUE WITH STOP SIGNS AT ALL INTERSECTIONS STREET AND TREE PLANTING COULD BE EMPHASIZED LIGHTING ON THESE STREETS FUTURE ELABORATION COULD INVOLVE OF THE STREET UPON REPAVING AND THE WIDENING OF ONE SIDE NARROWING OF THE AUTOMOBILE PORTION OF THE SIDEWALK AREA TO FURTHER IMPROVE THE PEDESTRIAN WAY WHEN POSSIBLE SECOND SIDEWALK ON THAT SIDE COULD BE PROVIDED AND RESERVED FOR BICYCLE RIDERS WHERE CLOSENESS TO THE STREET PAVE MENT CANNOT BE AVOIDED TO KEEP AUTOMOBILES FROM INTRUDING RAILING INTO THE PEDESTRIAN AREA WOULD BE ADVISABLE MAINTENANCE ALONG THE ROUTE OF SUCH PEDESTRIAN WAYS WOULD BE ASSISTED BY ADJACENT PROPERTY OWNERS JUST AS THEY ARE NOW EXPECTED TO MAINTAIN GRASS AREAS OF MAINTENANCE WOULD ALSO BE PROVIDED BY CITY STREET RIGHTSOFWAY THE VARIOUS OF CITY DEPARTMENTS GOVERNMENT

WHERE LARGE INSTITUTIONS ARE LOCATED IN DESIRABLE PATH COOPERATION WOULD HE SOUGHT TO ENABLE THE PEDESTRIAN WAY TO PASS THROUGH THEIR CIVIC VENTURE THIS WOULD FURTHER SEPARATE PEDESTRIANS PROPERTY AS FROM AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC
WHEN NEW ARTERIALS OR EXPRESSWAYS ARE BUILT THE PROVISION PEDESTRIAN WAYS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED EARLY IN THE PLANNING OF

STAGES

ACQUISITION

OF LAND

TO

WIDEN

SUCH

WALKWAYS

RIGHTSOFWAY WOULD BE CONSIDERED AS PART HOODS RECREATIONAL ACREAGE ASSIGNMENT
THE COMPLETE

OR PROVIDE NEW ENTIRELY OF PARTICULAR NEIGHBOR

TRAFFIC FROM AM EXISTING PROHIBITION OF AUTOMOBILE WHERE FEASIBLE WOULD CONSTITUTE OF EMPHASIS AN ILLUSTRATION OF THIS IS PEDESTRIAN FACILITY TYPE OF FACILITY

STREET
ON THE

NA

FOLLOWING

PAGE

THE PROPOSED SUBDIVISION ORDINANCE OF THE CITY ENABLES THE PLANNING OF SUCH WALKS OR CROSSWALKS THROUGH AN AREA WHICH WOULD FALL UNDER THE JURISDICTION OF THAT ORDINANCE THE CROSSWALK IS
DEFINED AS OF LAND DEDICATED FOR PUBLIC STRIP USE WHICH IS RESERVED ACROSS BLOCK FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROVIDING PEDESTRIAN ACCESS TO ADJACENT AREAS BESIDES SAFER MOVEMENT FOR CHILDREN PROVIDING SUCH PEDESTRIAN WOULD ASSIST IN PHYSICALLY TYING VARIOUS COASNUNITY HOUSEWIVES WALK FOR TOGETHER MAY WELL USE SUCH BESIDES OF THE WALK AREAS IT SHOPPING PURPOSES CITY POLICING WOULD BE HOPED THAT CIVICNINDED PERSONS ALSO WOULD USE THE WALK AREA TO CONCENTRATE CASUAL SUPERVISION ON THE AREAS THIS PHYSICAL ELEMENT WOULD SERVE AS SOCIAL FOCAL POINT WHICH NEIGHBORHOOD COULD ASSIST IN FOSTERING GREATER SENSE OF COMMUNITY SPIRIT THE OPEN SPACE PROVIDED BY PEDESTRIAN TO STREETS WAYS NOT PARALLEL WOULD ALSO BECOME AN ELEMENT OF RELIEF IN THE CITYSCAPE WALKWAYS FACILITIES IN OLD NEIGHBORHOODS CITY INTEREST IN PROVIDING AND PREPARING SUCH PEDESTRIAN TO IMPROVE WAYS COULD ALSO SERVE AS CATALYST THE NOTION THAT PRIVATE PROPERTY IN NEIGHBORHOOD AND TO DISPEL THE CITYS HOUSING RESOURCES ARE ON DOWNHILL PREDESTINED COURSE THE SAFE MOVEMENT OF PEDESTRIANS ESPECIALLY CHILDREN NEIGHBORHOOD PEDESTRIAN WALK COULD ASSIST IN THE DEVELOPMENT SENSE OF COMMUNITY AS WELL AS STIMULATING THE REHABILITATION PRIVATE PROPERTY WHILE THE OF OF

68

II

SUGGESTED CONVERSION OF CORE AREA STREET INTO PEDESTRIAN
FACILITIES

WAY

PLAY

FOR SMALL

CHILDREN WITHIN DIVERTED IT

ARE PROVIDED ACCESS IS TO REAR AFLEYS

AUTOMOBILE

CF

WAYS

SKETCHES PEDESTRIAN
FIGURE

IT

APPENDIX

SUGGESTED PRIORITY

TO EATABI LAB ATTENTION WAS FIRST TO THE AYATEM OF PRIORITY GIVEN TWOTHIRDS OF THE PHASE ONE GOAL THEA ARE NEIGHBORHOODS LACKING IN ADDITION TO THIS INDICATED WITH DOUBLE ASTERISK IN TABLE III LACK OF NEIGHBORHOOD FACILITIES CONSIDERATION WAS ALSO GIVEN TO THE LACK OF COZNITY RECREATION FACILITIES IN WHICH THE NEIGHBORHOOD THE NEED OF THE YOUTH OF THE CITY EXISTS DESIRE TO EMPHASIZE THOSE UNDER TWENTY YEARS OF AGE AND PARTICULARLY THE YOUTH STATISTICAL EVALUATION IN DENSELY POPULATED LIVING AREAS CREATED OF THE EXISTING SITUATION
IN THE FOLLOWING NEIGHBOR TABLE THE FINAL DECIMAL FIGURE INDICATES HOOD AND COIUUINITY DEFICIENCIES RELATED TO THE DENSITY OF OF THOSE UNDER TWENTY YEARS OF AGE AS INDICATED BY THE 1966 CENSUS THE NEED THE 1068 FIGURE OF THE JOHNSON NEIGHBORHOOD REPRESENTS OF UNIT OF THOUSAND PERSONS UNDER TWENTY PER ACRE USING THE TOTAL RECREATIONAL ACREAGE DEFICIENCY OF THE FIRST 08 COLUMI 16 OR ACRES PER THOUSAND PERSONS OF THAT NEIGHBORHOOD

POP

24

THE RATING CONSIDERS NOT ONLY THE TOTAL ACREAGE DEFICIENCY NOR ONLY THE DEFICIENCY PER THOUSAND BUT PRESENTS THE DEFICIENCY AS MODIFIED BY THE NUMBER OF PERSONS UNDER TWENTY AND THEIR DENSITY PER ACRE IN PARTICULAR NEIGHBORHOOD

THUS

TOTAL

NEIGHBORHOOD

DENSITY

WITH 1000

NEIGHBORHOOD PER

COINRIUNITY

DEFICIENCIES

PER ACRE COSAMMITY UNDER 20 DENSITY OF PERSONS UNDER 20 PER ACRE

DEFICIENCY DENSITY OF
PERSONS UNDER 20 PER ACRE PER THOUSAND UNIT

DEFICIENCY RATING

JOHNSON
COLD

081 16
10

SPRING

10106

L010X438
1103X423
980 X33L 897 X33L 878 X331 833 X33L 874 X331 636 X423 678 X423 714 X351 500 X33L 469 X336 410 X35L 945 X257 456 X319

467 29L 276 289 269
287 261 166
321 297

442

10608 07472 07062 06534 06402 05796 05780 04035

PULLMAN PECKHAU ONIEDA MILLS

12 12 101 12 09 12 08 12 HAMLIN PARK 09 06 KINGSLEY 08106 GRANTFERRY 09 06
DINGENS

BROADWAYFILLMORE

10

04018
03915 03652 02370 02016 01701 01450 01341 01112
10 11
12

KENFIELD
LASALLE

ALLEN NORTH PARK
BRYANT CLEVELAND

09 05 07 00 09 100

10112 09106
10

00

158 144 243 145
149 139

08100

581X257
539 X257

13 14 15 16
17

THE FOLLOWING RANK NEXT HIGHEST ON THE LISTING OF DEFICIENCES NEIGHBORHOODS AND PRESENTLY LACK ONETHIRD OR MORE OF THE PHASE ONE GOALS THESE ARE INDICATED ASTERISK ON TABLE BY SINGLE THEY ARE LISTED BY COEMUNITY IN ORDER OF DEFICIENCY SINCE THE TINE ELEMENT FOR THE PROVISION OF THESE FACILITIES WOULD BE GREATER THE 1966 CENSUS AGE FIGURES ARE NOT PRESENTED

III

20
21 22 23

18 19

24 25

WILLERT PARK EMALIE NEIGHBORHOODS ELLICOTT COMMUNITY PERSON NEIGHBORHOOD EAST SIDE COMMUNITY MASTEN PARK FRUIT BELT NEIGHBORHOODS 14STEN COMMUNITY FOREST NEIGHBORHOOD VEST SIDE COMMUNITY HUMBOLDT PARK WALDENBAILEY NEIGHBORHOODS EAST DELAVAN CGO4UNITY UNIVERSITY NEIGHBORHOOD NORTH EAST COMMUNITY BLACK ROCK UPPER BLACK ROCK NEIGHBORHOODS RIVERSIDE CCW4UIIITY NORTH DELAWARE NEIGHBORHOOD NORTH BUFFALO COMMUNITY

71

APPENDIX

MODIFICATION

OF SITE

LOCATIONS

ARE THOSE WHICH SEEM TO BE THE MOST LOCATIONS SUGGESTED SITE NUMBER OF FACTORS SATISFACTORY AT THE PRESENT TIME CONSIDERING IS OF SINCE LONGRANGE NATURE PROGRAM TO PROVIDE THE FACILITIES INVOLVED IN ACQUIRING SITE IN THE FUTURE NO THE CONSIDERATIONS DOUBT WILL BE MODIFIED THE IS TO FACILITIES THE PRIMARY CONSIDERATION IN PLANNING CHILDREN ESPECIALLY PROVIDE SITES WITHIN EASY ACCESS OF PEDESTRIANS UNIFORM SPACING THROUGHOUT UNDER FIFTEEN IN DOING THIS YEARS OF AGE SITE LOCATION IS CHANGED OTHER PROPOSED THE CITY WAS SOUGHT IF THE FORMER MAY ALSO HAVE TO BE ADJUSTED SITES SURROUNDING CONSIDERATIONS WHERE WALKINGDISTANCE PERMITTED PROPOSED SITE IN AN AREA ACQUIRED LOCATION MAY HAVE BEEN SUGGESTED IN AN EASILY SITE WHICH COULD SERVE AS OF SUBSTANDARD STRUCTURES OR ON AND NONRESIDENTIAL USES BUFFER BETWEEN RESIDENTIAL FACILITIES LONGRANGE NETWORK OF RECREATION OF PLANNING PREPARE THAT THE DIVIEION THROUGHOUT THE CITY REQUIRES THAT MAY BE SUBJECT TO CHANGE WHEN PARTICULAR SITE IS PROPOSALS OF FOR ACQUISITION IS SELECTION SITE TO BE DEVELOPED THE FINAL THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE SELECTED SITE IS MATTER LEGISLATIVE OF PARKS OF THE DEPARTMENT THIS REPORT IS PREPARED RESPONSIBILITY ALL PARTIES AND PRIVATE WITH DETAILED INFORMATION TO ACQUAINT PUBLIC OF EXISTING STANDARDS AND PROPOSED ON THE INVENTORY FACILITIES AS SITE LOCATIONS COMPREHENSIVE RECREATION PLAN FOR THE PART OF

NEI

THE PLANNING FOR

ENTIRE

CITY

IN AN URBAN RENEWAL AREA SHOULD BE THE RECREATION REQUIREMENTS CONSIDERED AS THE TOTAL REQUIREMENTS PHASE ONE AND PHASE TWO OF FOR THE NEICMEOSHOOD RECREATION PLAN SO THAT LAND MAY BE DEDICATED SUCH USE BEFORE USED FOR OTHER PURPOSES OF HIGHER DEVELOPMENT POPULATION DENSITY LARGE SCALE RESIDENTIAL UNDER THE CITYS PROPOSED SUB THAN ANTICIPATED CAN BE REQUIRED RECREATION DIVISION ORDINANCETO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL ACREAGE TO MEET THE DEFICIENCY THAT WOULD BE CREATED

CONFLICT ARISES BETWEEN SITE AND IF PROPOSED RECREATION DEVELOP WOULD HAVE TO BE MENT OF NONRECREATION NATURE THE SITUATION THE COURSE OF ACTION TO BE TOKEN AND WHETHER EXAMINED TO DETERMINE THE PLAN SKOULD NOT BE USED THE RECREATION PLAN SHOULD BE ALTERED TO BE BUILT TO IMPROVE THE CITYS TO PREVENT NEW HOUSING UNITS OF RECREATION IT IS HOPED THAT TI PROVISION HOUSING INVENTORY AROUND DEVELOPMENTS ACREAGE WOULD IN FACT ENCOURAGE NEW RESIDENTIAL

THEM
IN TERMS OF POPULETION MAY ALSO BE NEIGHBORHOOD REQUIREMENTS MODIFIED IN THE FUTURE HOWEVER IT IS NOT RECOMAENDED TO CHANGE THE PLANNING POPULATION OF PARTICULAR NEIGHBORHOOD ON WHICH THE ARE NOW BASED WITHOUT DETAILED STUDY ON PERMANENT REQUIREMENTS FLUCTUATIONS CHANGES MAY BE EXPECTED FROM CENSUS TO CENSUS IN TERMS OF POPULATION AND CHANGE IN PLANNING POPULATIONS SHOULD NOT BE BASED SOLELY ON THOSE FIGURES THE

ANY LOSS IN
USE SHOULD

RECREATION ACREAGE THAT IS PROPOSED FOR ANOTHER EXISTING ALSO BE CAREFULLY STUDIED AND IMMEDIATE REPLACEMENT CONSIDERED THE CITY OF BUFFALO SHOULD NOT BE INTERESTED ONLY IN OR STRUCTURES BUT ALSO IN EQUAL REPLACEMENT OF ACTUAL FACILITIES ACREAGE NEIGHBORHOOD GROUPS AND
SPECIFIC INDIVIDUALS IN PLANNING MAY PARTICIPATE RECREATION SITE IN THEIR THE SUGGESTED NEIGHBORHOOD LOCATIONS OF THIS REPORT ARE BY NO MEANS SPECIFIC OR FINAL DESIGNA IN PREPARING TIONS BUT THEY ARE NECESSARY ELEMENTS COMPREHENSIVE SUCH AN APPROACH IS NECESSARY IN ORDER PLAN FOR THE ENTIRE CITY TO TREAT ALL CITIZENS IN DISTRIBUTION FAIRLY PATTERN OF RECREATION

FACILITIES

72

APPENDIX

COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD NAMES AND POPULATION DENSITY MAP

MAP
PROPOSED POPULATION DENSITY BY NEIGHBORHOODS

AND

CONMU1

APPROX PERSONS PER ACRE
UNDER 60 60 90

TI
HOUSING UNITS PER ACRE
SOUTH

INDU

0UFALA
SOUIB PORT

90120
OVER 120 OVER 40

INDEX

APPEARANCE OF RECREATION ANALYSIS FACILITIES ASSIGNMENT OF EXISTING ACREAGE BICYCLE PATHS

4851

PASSIVE RECREATION 745 PEDESTRIAN WAYS 6870 PHASE NEIGHBORHOOD PLANLL1337 PHASE II NEIGHBORHOOD

59

PLAN
PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED PLANNING POPULATION PLAYFIELD COMMUNITY PLAYGROUND NEIGHBORHOOD POPULATION POPULATION DENSITY PRIORITY PROPOSALS SEE RECREATION PROTECTIVE BUFFER PRIVATE FACILITIES COMMERCIAL

121337
67 52

6870

CITYSCAPE RECREATION CITYWIDE
FACILITIES COMMERCIAL FACILITIES COMMUNITIES FOR COUXNUNITY

454750

64345
62

2552 255273
71

FACILITIES
COMMUNITIES

739
FOR NEIGHBORHOOD
14
16

PLAN

FACILITIES
RIVERSIDE NORTH BUFFALO NORTH EAST WEST SIDE ELMWOOD MA STEN EAST DELAVAN CENTRAL ELLIC OTT EAST SIDE BUFFALO RIVER SOUTH BUFFALO COMMUNITY RECREATION CENTERS COMPARISON WITH OTHER CITIES DENSITY POPULATION ELDERLY AND YOUTH FACILITIES EXISTING ACREAGE ALSO UNDER

4750
62

18 20 22 24 26 28 30 32 34 36

SEMIPUBLIC
PUBLIC AND SEMIPUBLIC FACILITIES OF FACILITIES QUALITY RECREATION PLAN NEIGHBORHOOD COMMUNITY

6062
61

45485163
1150 1338 3943 4346 4750 6566
60 59

CITYWIDE
OPEN SPACE CONSIDERATIONS REGIONAL RECREATION FACILITIES SEMIPUBLIC FACILITIES SPLIT FACILITY ASSIGNMENT STANDARDS

739
5273
63 61

CITYWIDE
COMMUNITY NEIGHBORHOOD

SUBJECT

67 HANDICAPPED STANDARDS HISTORICAL BACKGROUND LOCATION II 72 LOCATION MODIFICATION RECREATION 65 METROPOLITAN MODIFICATION OF SITE LOCATIONS 72 FACILITIES NEIGHBORHOOD 81438 72 NEIGHBORHOOD PLANNING GROUPS NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION

TOTLOTS
SCHOOL OPEN SAPCE TEMPORARY PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED SUMMARY OF STATISTICS
10 10 67

6061

TOTLOTS
WALKS YOUTH

938
68

AND ELDERLY

FACILITIES

63

INVENTORY

5358
73

NEIGHBORHOODSLISTED UNDER COMMUNITY SEE REFERENCE MAP
OPEN SPACE

4647505960616566
6870
48
74

OPEN SPACE BUFFER MAP

ILLUSTRATIVE

MATERIAL PAGE

TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE TABLE
II III IV

VI

SUMMARY OF RECREATION ACREAGE FOR BUFFALO AND COMPARATIVE CITIES 1960 RESIDENCE IN PERCENT STRUCTURAL TYPES 1960 NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION PLAN TOT LOT STANDARDS COMMUNITY RECREATION FACILITIES RECREATION FACILITIES CITYWIDE

1337
38 42 45

MAP MAP MAP MAP MAP MAP MAP MAP

LAIL

6A6D

NEIGHBORHOOD RECREATION AND PROPOSED COMMUNITY AND EXISTING RECREATION CITYWIDE OPEN SPACE BUFFER MAP COMMERCIAL RECREATION YOUTH AND ELDERLY RECREATION IN BUFFALO 19601966 AGE GROUP PROFILES REGIONAL PARKS AND OPEN SPACE BUFFALO METROPOLITAN COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD NAMES AND POPULATION DENSITY MAP

1537
43 48 62 63 64 66 73

FIGURE FIGURE FIGURE FIGURE FIGURE

PARK SKETCHES 1888 POPULATION DENSITY COMPARED TO PERCENT OF LAND RESERVED FOR RECREATION HANDICAPPED PERSONS REACH PEDESTRIAN WAY ILLUSTRATION SKETCHES OF PEDESTRIAN WAYS

67 69 70

75

FL

COMMERGIAL PLAN
BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER VI

VT

COMMERCIAL PLAN
OBJECTIVES

THE COMMERCIAL
OF

PLAN HAS AS THE CONCENTRATION MAJOR CONSIDERATION COMMERCIAL RETAIL CENTERS WITHIN THE CITY THIS IS PROPOSED TO SERVE AND EFFICIENCY THE AS MEANS OF INCREASING THEIR ATTRACTIVENESS

FUNCTION OF THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT SHOULD BE STRENGTHENED SPECIALIZED THIS DISTRICT NOW SUPPLIES NEARLY QUARTER OF THE PROPERTY TAXES FOR THE AND IS VALUABLE ASSET IN CARRYING OUT THE CITYS PROGRAMS CITY

POLICIES

THE

POLICIES

OF THE

MASTER PLAN PROVIDE
TO

FLEXIBLE

GUIDE

PERIODIC

REVIEW

AND EVALUATION
ESTABLISH TIONS
IN

ARE REQUIRED
OF OVERALL

CONSIDER

PERSPECTIVE
THE
LIGHT

TO RELATE

THE POLICIES CHANGING FACTORS IMMEDIATE DECISIONS WITH FUTURE IMPLICA
SPECIFIC

GOALS OF THE CITY

COMMERCIAL

POLICIES

FOLLOW CONCENTRATION
TO

SERVE

AS

OF COMMERCIAL RETAIL CENTERS IN THE CITY THIS AND MEANS OF INCREASING THEIR ATTRACTIVENESS

IS

EFFICIENCY OBSOLETE AND DETERIORATING REMOVAL OF SUBSTANDARD FACILITIES COMMERCIAL STRUCTURES SHOULD BE REHABILITATED OR CLEARED USES AS WELL IMPROVED ENVIRONMENT SHOULD BE SOUGHT FOR EXISTING AS FOR NEW FACILITIES
IN ORDER TO SUPPLY EMPLOY ENCOURAGE COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENTS THE CITYS TAX BASE TO ASSIST IN MENT OPPORTUNITIES AND TO INCREASE PROVIDING REVENUE FOR OTHER PROGRAMS COMMERCIAL USES WILL BE

ENCOURAGED
THE

TO BUILD

OR TO EXPAND

IN

KEEPING WITH THE PROPOSALS OF

MASTER PLAN
THE CENTRAL

IMPROVE

BUSINESS

DISTRICT

AS

MAJOR REVENUE SOURCE
BUSINESS
DISTRICT CIRCULATION

AND ONE OF EVEN GREATER POTENTIAL SHOULD CONTINUE TO BE IMPROVED

THE CENTRAL
ITS

ENVIRONMENT AND
IN

SYSTEM SHOULD OFFER
CONCENTRATE
FUNCTION RELATED

UNIQUE SETTING USES

THE REGION

COMMERCIAL
TO

USES WHICH ARE RELATED
IN

IN

SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED

DEVELOP

CLOSE

PROXIMITY

TO

ONE

ANOTHER
SHOULD BE PROVIDED BETWEEN INCOMPATIBLE USES BETWEEN INCOMPATIBLE RESIDENTIAL SHOULD BE ESTABLISHED
BUFFERS BUFFERS

AND

COMMERCIAL USES

VIIS

MAJOR

INNOVATIONS

IN

THE

METHODS
IN

MERCHANDISING REQUIRE BASIC
OUT THE CITY

HAVE REVOLUTIONIZED

OF GOODS AND FOOD PROCESSING DISTRIBUTION THE RETAILING SYSTEM THESE INNOVATIONS OF

AND

ADJUSTMENTS OF BUFFALO

THE DISTRIBUTION

COMMERCIAL

ACTIVITIES

THROUGH

FOUR MAJOR CONCEPTS GUIDED IMPROVE

THE

DEVELOPMENT

OF THE

COMMERCIAL

LAND USE

PLAN

CONSOLIDATIVE

THE EFFICIENCY OF THE COMMERCIAL LAND USE POLICIES

SYSTEM THROUGH

THE EFFICIENCY OF THE COMMERCIAL SYSTEM BY THE FUNCTIONS OF DIFFERING DISTINGUISHING TYPES OF SHOPPING

IMPROVE

AREAS

IMPROVE

THE RETAILING

LOCATING HIGHER AND COMMUNITY SHOPPING AREAS

CAPABILITIES RESIDENTIAL DENSITY

OF THE

COMMERCIAL SYSTEM BY
PROXIMITY
TO

AREAS IN

REGIONAL

IMPROVE
FACILITIES

THE RETAILING

CAPABILITIES

OF THE

COMMERCIAL

SYSTEM BY
PARKING

CREATING EASY ACCESSIBILITY

AND INCREASING

THE OFFSTREET

THE STUDY MASTER

OF

COMMERCIAL
DENSITIES
INDICATED
THIS

LAND USE IS

CLOSELY

RELATED OF

TO STUDIES

AND RESIDENTIAL
PLAN

IN THE CITY INCREASED BY 37 ACRES DESPITE THE FACT THAT THE ACREAGE DECLINED BY SOME 44 000 BETWEEN 1963 AND 1970 THE ACREAGE CITYS POPULATION CITED INCLUDES VACANT STORES THIS TO PEOPLE THERE EXISTS MANY RELATING FIGURE

THERE

THE RESULTS OF THE WERE 1570 ACRES

LAND USE SURVEY COMMERCIAL LAND

OF POPULATION OF THE 1964

THROUGH 1970

WILL

AS ACRES OF COMMERCIAL LAND FOR EVERY ONE THOUSAND PERSONS IN THE CITY BE SEEN THE PRESENT NEED FOR COMMERCIAL LAND MORE NEARLY APPROACHES AN ANALYSIS OF THE COMMERCIAL LAND USE AND ITS ACRES PER THOUSAND PERSONS
RELATIONSHIP
TO THE POPULATION

OF THE CITY

OF BUFFALO

IS

REQUIRED

THE PROCEDURE
EXISTING

FOR THE STUDY OF

COMMERCIAL
FOR

LAND USE

WAS AS FOLLOWS

LAND USE ACREAGES

COMMERCIAL AREAS WERE ANALYZED

AND PROJECTED INCOME OF THE CITY AND THE METROPOLITAN AREA HAD TO BE OBTAINED
EXISTING

LAND USE REQUIREMENTS
PROJECTIONS THEN

FOR

COMMERCIAL SPACE WERE
FUTURE

STUDIED FOR

AND

MADE REGARDING

REQUIREMENTS

COMMERCIAL

SPACE
SUPPLEMENTING
PLAN THE CITY THE PROJECTED COMMERCIAL SPACE REQUIREMENTS IS THE FOR THE DISTRIBUTION OF FUTURE COMMERCIAL CENTERS THROUGHOUT

41

II

IF
JR
II

YT
GP

II
QB9
LAS

VL

II

IP

EI

99

AH

SRU
CENTRAL
BUSINESS

IS

DISTRICT

11K

I4IJ
95

9U

FIGURE

EXISTING

COMMERCIAL LAND USE CITY OF BUFFALO

19119

COMMERCIAL LAND USE ACREAGE THE EXISTING ACREAGE OF EXISTING COMMERCIAL FACILITIES IN APPENDIX BY COMMUNITY IS INCLUDED IN TABLE AI THE PREDOMINANCE OF THROUGHOUT THE CITYS TWELVE PLANNING COMMUNITIES
IS OBVIOUS GENERALLY NEIGHBORHOOD NEIGHBORHOOD SHOPPING FACILITIES SHOPPING AREAS ARE NOT AS CONCENTRATED AS THE LARGER SHOPPING FACILITIES

THE

RELATIONSHIP
IS

BETWEEN COMMERCIAL

FACILITIES

AND THEIR

ORIENTATION

TO

STREETS

BAILEY INDICATES

QUITE APPARENT PARTICULARLY ALONG MAJOR THOROUGHFARES SUCH AS AND BROADWAY AVENUES AND GENESEE AND MAIN STREETS FIGURE THAT THE CONSOLIDATION OF

COULD SOME OF THE COMMERCIAL FACILITIES MORE EFFICIENT COMMERCIAL SYSTEM THE FIRST TWO CONCEPTS STATED PROVIDE EARLIER CALLING FOR CONSOLIDATIVE LAND USE POLICIES AND AN IMPROVEMENT IN T1 EFFICIENCY PATTERN OF

COMMERCIAL SYSTEM ARE COMMERCIAL LAND USE
OF THE

FEASIBLE

IN

THE LIGHT

OF THE EXISTING

COMMERCIAL SPACE NEEDS THERE HAVE BEEN NUMBER METHODS AND STANDARDS DEVELOPED FOR DETERMINING THE ACREAGE REQUIRED FOR COMMERCIAL LAND USE ROTE METHODS OF COMMERCIAL LAND CALCULATIONS THOUGH RELIABLE DO NOT COMPENSATE FOR CONDITONS WHICH MIGHT VARY GENERALLY USUALLY FROM ONE AREA OF THE COUNTRY TO ANOTHER SUCH CONDITIONS INCLUDE
DETERMINING
OF

INCOME AND SPENDING
POTENTIAL

PATTERNS

PURCHASING

POWER

DOLLAR PARKING

VOLUME

OF SALES

PER

GROSS SQUARE FOOT

REQUIREMENTS AND

EXTRAS

THE NUMBER OF SQUARE FEET OF FLOOR SPACE REQUIRED TO SERVE AREA PARTICULAR ONCE THIS HADBEEN DETERMINED WAS DETERMINED FROM THE FIRST THREE ITEMS SPACE FOR PARKING LOADING AND LANDSCAPING WAS ADDED INCOMES ARE IMPORTANT COMMERCIAL SPACE NEEDS IN THAT THEY DETERMINING INDICATE INDICATES THAT PERSONAL INCOME PURCHASING POWER TABLE 000 IN 1967 TO APPROXIMATELY FOR THE METROPOLITAN AREA ROSE FROM 420 000 THE ESTIMATED TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME PROJECTED TO 400 000 000 IN 1970
IN

POTE

1990

IS

300 000 000

FOR THE METROPOLITAN

AREA

PER CAPITA INCOME OF METROPOLITAN RESIDENTS IN 1950 WAS APPROXIMATELY 408 THE ESTIMATED FIGURE FOR 1970 IS ABOUT 000 REPRESENTING GAIN OF 1592 THIS GAIN IS STATED IN TERMS OF REAL PURCHASING POWER WHICH DOES NOT CONTAIN AN INFLATIONARY THE BULK OF THE INCOME INCREASE TOOK PLACE AFTER FACTOR 1960 THE IMPROVEMENT IN RELATIVE WEALTH ESTABLISHED THE BASIS TO EXPAND THE ANTICIPATED SERVICEPRODUCING FUNCTIONS UPWARD TREND IN REAL PER CAPITA INCOME WILL BE FACTOR GENERATING NEW DCMAND FOR VARIOUS SIGNIFICANT SERVICE ACTIVITIES IT IS THAT THE REAL PER CAPITA INCOME WILL RISE EXPECTED FROM LEVEL OF APPROXIMATELY 000 TO 005 IN 1990 THIS REPRESENTS 005 PER CAPITA DURING THE PROJECTION IN TERMS OF GAIN OF ABOUT PERIOD THESE PROJECTIONS INDICATE AN OVERALL GAIN FOR THE METROPOLI AGGREGATE INCOME THE TREND FOR TAN AREA OF ABOUT 872 000 000 FROM 1970 TO 1990

V4

1990

1652

5005 8268 3555 4453 6617 2962
1967 1963
86 96 91 97

1980

1486 1421 4310 6125 2726
109
147 211 121
82 86 94

P719 5 ROJECTED SMSA ESTIMATED
BUFFALO
SALES
1967 1954
100

1970

1349

4000 5396 2428 3313 43TH 2006 INDICES 2566 3366 1647 INCOME
PER

160

1320 1312

1958

98

99

96

110

92

124

RETAIL
AND

100

100

100

100 100

1963

INCOME

ECONOMIC
BUFFALO
SALES SALES SALES SALES
OF

INCOME
SALES
CITY

POPULATION
TABLE

INCOME

POPULATION

THOUSANDS CAPITA PERSONALMILLIONS RETAIL MILLIONS
IN

RETAIL RETAIL CBD RETAIL
ALL ALL LESS

GOODS PERSONAL TOTAL IN TOTAL IN TABLE
CITY CITY

POPULATION COMPARISON TOTAL
ALL

CITY SMSA

CBD

SMSA

F1
DUC
TO THE

L3LLFFALO

IS

SHOWN IN TABLO

IN THE TRANSPORTATION NETWORK NODES ALONG THE MAIN DEVELOPMENT ANTICIPATED CORRIDOR IN BUFFALO SIGNIFICANT CHANGES ARE APT TO BE PRODUCED IN CENTRAL BUFFALOS LEVEL OF INCOME CENTRAL BUFFALOS INCREASE ALSO SHOULD BE GREATER PERCENTAGE LOW INCOME AREAS WISE THAN THE METROPOLITAN AVERAGE IN EXISTING

STREET

TABLE
CITY

FOR THE CITY USING 1954 AS THE BASE YEAR PRESENTS ECONOMIC INDICES RETAIL SALES IN 1963 COMPARED TO 1954 IN THE CITY DECLINED TO 86 IN 1967
TO

IN

THE

THIS

INDEX
OF

NCREASED

97

BUT THIS

SHOULD BE MODIFIED

NOT DECREASE TO THE EXTENT CITY SALES LESS CENTRAL BUSINESS SALES AND REACHED 109 BY 1967 IN COMPARISON TO THE CITY POPULATION INDEX CITY SALES IN THE CITY DID NOT DROP TO THE EXTENT OF POPULATION LOSS INDEXED AT 86 IN 1967
ALL

1967

BY NOTING THE DISTRICT SALES DID

SMSA INCREASE

TO

147

IN

THE CENTRAL BUSINESS
POPULATION DECLINE

DISTRICT

INDEX

FOR THE CITY

COMPARISON GOODS SALES AT 82 DID DROP BELOW IN 1963 BY 1967 THIS INDEX ROSE TO 94

THE

TABLE

1958

PRESENTS PERCENTAGE FIGURES RELATING THE ABOVE TO TOTAL SMSA FIGURES FOR 1954 1963 AND 1967 THE DOLLAR SALES INDICES BASED ON THE YEAR 1954 DO NOT INDICATE PERCENTAGEWISE
TO TOTAL

THE DECLINE

SMSA

ACTIVITY

THE

DECLINE

OF CITY

SALES

GREAT AS NEW SHOPPING FACILITIES OPENED THROUGHOUT THE METROPOLITAN AREA IT NOTED THAT CITY SALES LESS CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT SALES HAVE NOT EXPERIENCED DECLINE THIS SECTOR DID NOT EXPERIENCE AS GREAT LOSS SINCE THERE IS GREAT

HAS BEEN SHOULD BE
AS

GRE DEPENDENCE
THIS
SECTION
OF THE

ON CONVENIENCE
IN

SHOPPING
OUTSIDE WILL

THAN ON

COMPARISON GOODS SHOPPING
BUSINESS
DISTRICT

IN

MOST COMMERCIAL AREAS

THE CITY

THE CENTRAL

CONCENTRATE ON THOSE AREAS OF THE CITY OUTSIDE THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT WHICH WILL BE TREATED SEPARATELY OLDER SHOPPING AREAS IN THE CITY OF MAIN THOROUGHFARE FOUND BUSINESS USUALLY SHOESTRINGNATURE ALONGA COMBINATION OF MORE ATTRACTIVE STRUCTURES BEING ATTRACTED AWAY FROM THEM THE CONVENIENCE
ATTRACTIONS OF OF GROUPINGS OF STORES AND THAT CAUSED DECLINE IN CITY

COMMERCIAL PLAN

HAVE BEEN AMPLE PARKING FACILITIES SALES THIS WAS PARTICULARLY TRUE

PHYSICAL IN THE AREA

COMPARISON GOODS SALES
PRESENTED

TABLE

OF TOTAL RETAIL SALES IN THE METROPOLITAN AREA HOW PROJECTION THIS WILL AFFECT THE AREA OF THE CITY OUTSIDE THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT WILL BE DEVELOPED INCOME IT WAS ASSUMED WILL INCREASE AT RATE OF COMPOUND PER

YEAR UNTIL INCREASES
THUS

1975
IN

AND

REAL

INCOME

THE PROJECTIONS REFLECT CONTINUING PER YEAR THEREAFTER BUT EXCLUDE INFLATIONARY FACTORS THE DOLLAR AMOUNTS WILL
AS THEY WILL RETAIL SPACE

UNDERSTATE SALES

DOLLARS

OCCUR

IN

THE FUTURE

BUT THEY ARE NECESSARY

AS TABLE
IN

GUIDE FOR ESTIMATING
INDICATES

THE DISTRIBUTION

BY PERCENT

OF RETAIL

SALES

IN

THE METROPOLITAN

AREA

TABLE 1958 1963 AND 1967 SHOWS THE DISTRIBUTION LESS BY PERCENT FOR THE CIY AND IT INCLUDES THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT FOR 1990 BY PERCEN WHICH PROJECTION IS CONVERTED INTO DOLLARS THE IMPORTANCE OF CONVENIENCE SHOPPING WITHIN THE CITY IS INDICATED BY ITS HIGHER PERCENTAGE AND IT IS PROJECTED TO REMAIN AT HIGHER LEVEL
THAN THE METROPOLITAN FIGURE
SLIGHT DECLINE
IN

THAT FIGURE

IS

MADE

VI6

TABLE

CITY

OF BUFFALO

RETAIL
1954

SALES AS
1958

PERCENT OF SMSA
1963 1967

CITY CITY

ALL

RETAIL RETAIL

SALES

584 431
SALES

521 389
IN

417 343
PERCENT
SMSA

386 318

ALL
LESS

CBD

SALES

TABLE

DISTRIBUTION

OF RETAIL

1958 CONVENIENCE FOODS DRUGS AND PROPRIETARY EATING AND DRINKING COMPARISON SHOPPING GENERAL MERCHANDISE APPAREL FURNITURE FREESTANDING AUTOMOBILE DEALERS GAS STATIONS MATERIALS BUILDING OTHER RETAIL TOTAL RETAIL SALES

1963

1967

398 250 284 068
1000

388 248 299 065
1000

380

281 278 061
1000

TABLE

DISTRIBUTION

OF RETAIL

SALES
1963

CITY

LESS
1967

CBD
1990

PERCENT CONVENIENCE FOODS DRUGS AND PROPRIETARY EATING AND DRINKING COMPARISON SHOPPING GENERAL MERCHANDISE APPAREL FURNITURE FREESTANDING AUTOMOBILE DEALERS GAS MATERIALS STATIONS BUILDING OTHER RETAIL TOTAL RETAIL SALES

PERCENT

PERCENTDOLLARS
MILLIONS

IN

426 172 345 057
1000

424 220 295 061
1000

400
250

427

267

270

288 85 1067

080
1000

VL7

CITY
181 150

108

37 36

CITY
100 100

61 18 21

1967

SMSA
323

184 189

64 75

1990 SMSA CITY
100
60 20 20 58 20 22

CITY
81 33 31

145

120

1963 SMSA
141
49 68

1967
258 151

PERCENT
SMSA CITY
56 23 21

57 23

20

100

IN

1958 SMSA
209 111
39 59

CITY
80 36 26

142 117 122
55 56

100 100

RECEIPTS DOLLARS SERVICES SELECTED MILLIONS
1954 SMSA
93 54 24

CITY
67 17
37

121 100
171

100

RECEIPTS 1963 SMSA SERVICES CITY 1958 SELECTED SMSA
19 18 53

26

25

100
19
28

100
OF

OF

IN

BUSINESS
AUTO

TABLE

PERSONAL REPAIRS

RECREATION
HOTEL TOTAL

DISTRIBUTION
INDICES
4T

BUSINESS
TABLE

AUTO

PERSONAL REPAIRS HOTEL TOTAL

RECREATION

DECLINE IN HOWEVCR AND THIS IS JOINED BY THUS INCREASES ARE FREESTANDING SALES MADE IN COMPARISON SHOPPING AND OTHER RETAIL CATEGORIES THE CITY POPULATION IS TO DROP TO ABOUT 30 OF THE METROPOLITAN POPULATION ANTICIPATED PERCENT BY 1990 THE PROJECTION ESTABLISHES 30 OF THE SMSA RETAIL SALES TO BE MADE IN THE PERCENT

CITY

THIS

WOULD BUILD

HOPEFULLY AND ATTRACTIVE

ATTRACT

THEC

BD

UPON THE STRONG CONVENIENCE SHOPPING BASE THAT EXISTS AND IN OTHER CATEGORIES BY PROVIDING MORE CONVENIENT COMMERCIAL FACILITIES THE 1967 RETAIL SALES IN THE CITY OUTSIDE

SOME GAINS
TO

AMOUNTED

318

OF METROPOLITAN

RETAIL

SALES

ARE ANTICIPATED TO INCREASE SLIGHTLY IN PERCENT SPENT FOR THEM FROM PERSONAL INCOME THIS WILL INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF DOLLARS SIGNIFICANTLY RECEIPTS FROM SELECTED SERVICES WERE CALCULATED AS INCREASING FIVE YEAR INTERVALS BY
SELECTED

SERVICES

RAISING

THE

1990

FIGURE

AND ANNUAL FLUCTUATIONS
THE FIGURE INDICATED

IT IS THAT UNLIKELY STEADY INCREASE WILL TAKE PLACE BE ANTICIPATED BUT THE OVERALL INCREASE SHOULD APPROXIMATE MAY FOR 1990 TABLE REVIEWS SELECTED SERVICES RECEIPTS FOR THE

TO

METROPOLITAN
THIS

MUCH MORE FAVORABLE
TABLE AS

AREA AND THE CITY FOR 1954 1963 AND 1967 THE CITY PROPER HAS 1958 IN SELECTED SERVICES AS INDICATED IN THE INDICES ON POSITION
WITH THE INDICES ALSO HAVE REACHED

COMPARED

FOR SELECTED SERVICES

METROPOLITAN AREA THAN THAT OF RETAIL FOR SERVICES THAN RETAIL HOWEVER TABLE

ON TABLE ACTIVITY HIGHER LEVEL FOR BOTH THE CITY THE DOLLAR AMOUNTS ARE ACTIVITY
FOR RETAIL

THE

INDICES

AND THE

MUCH SMALLER

OF SELECTED SERVICES RECEIPTS FOR THE METROPLITAN PRESENTS THE DISTRIBUTION AREA AND THE CITY AS THE FIGURES FOR 1958 1963 PERCENT WITHIN THE AREA INVOLVED AND 1967 ARE PRESENTED AND OF DISTRUBUTION IN 1990 IS MADE WITHIN THE PROJECTION IN PERCENT OF DISTRIBUTIONS ARE INDICATED FOR PERSONAL AND BUSINESS CITY INCREASES DECLINE SERVICES AND FOR HOTEL AND RECREATION IN THE PERCENT FOR REPAIRS AND AUTOMOBILE SERVICE IS INDICATED WITHIN THE CITY

TABLE

PRESENTS SELECTED

SERVICES

RECEIPTS

OF THE

CITY

IN

TERMS
IN

OF

PERCENTAGE

OF

THE METROPOLITAN AREA RECEIPTS FOR 1958 AS PERCENT OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA IS DECLINE
IN

1963

AND 1967
IN

PERCENTAGE

OF SELECTED SERVICE OUTSIDE

INCREASE CONTINUING POPULATION HOTEL AND RECREATION CATEGORY
TO

THE

CONTINUING THE CITY IS INDICATED RELATED TO RECEIPTS THE CITY EXCEPT FOR MINOR GAIN IN THE OF TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME PROJECTED FOR 1990

MADE FOR 1990

PROJECTION THESE TERMS

OF THE CITY

BE EXPENDED FOR SELECTED SERVICES AMOUNTS TO SELECTED SERVICE RECEIPTS WOULD AMOUNT TO 361
INDICATED
IN

695

000 000

THE

000 000 BASED ON

TABLE
THE CITY

THE
AND

DISTRIBUTION
IS

BY CATEGORY OF THIS AMOUNT

CITY THE PERCENTAGE WAS SHOWN IN RECEIPTS
IN

TOTAL

TABLE TABLE TABLE
FOR

WITHIN

SHOWN AS

PERCENTAGE OF METROPOLITAN

ESTIMATES

1990

RECEIPTS

FOR THE CITY MINUS THE DOWNTOWNAREA RECEIPTS DRAWN FROM THE CITY FIGURES OF TABLE AND THE PROJECTED PERCENT AND IN DOLLARS ARE ESTABLISHED AT 29 PERCENT OR THE SELECTED 000 000

SELECTED SERVICES

202

SERVICE TABLE
10

CATEGORIES

INDICATES

RECEIPTS

ANTICIPATED

BY THAT

BREAKDOWN

AND THE PROJECTED CONVERTS THE PROJECTED RETAIL SALES SHOWN IN TABLE OF TABLE INTO FLOOR AREA REQUIREMENTS ALL RETAIL CATEGORIES RECEIPTS AND TWO OF THE THREE SERVICES CATEGORIES ARE SHOWN IN TABK 10 THE THIRD CATEGORY OF SERVICES INCLUDES SUCH HOTELS COMMERCIAL RECREATION AND ADDTRTOAL SERVICES

VI9

IN OF

DOLLARS
121 202
53 28

MILLIONS
220
65 76

361

IN

MTRECEIPS ILLIONS
OF

SMSA 1990
55 47 50 52
OF

1990

CITY
55 81 37 56

PERCENT
1967
58 63 49 56 59 58 48 56

PERCENT TOTAL
OF

CBD
LESS CITY

AS

CITY 1963

RECEIPTS
SERVICE
1958 73 67 61 68

RECEIPTS
SERVICE

PERCENT SNSA

30 38 18 29

SELECTIVE BUSINESS
AUTO

TABLE

PERSONAL REPAIRS

RECREATION
HOTEL TOTAL

SELECTED
TABLE

BUSINESS

AUTO

PERSONAL REPAIRS

RECREATION
HOTEL TOTAL

REQUIREMENTS
AREA

FLOOR
2847 8229 1514
INTO

1990

RECEIPTS

COMMERCIAL
1967

CBD FEET
II

1800 5257

1180

857

11469

LESS CITY

SQUARE
OF

OF

CONVERSION THOUSANDS
ING
IN
10

FOOT

FOOT

FOOT

FOOT

SERVICES FOOT SERVICES FOOT
SHOP SQUARE SHOPPING SQUARE RETAIL SQUARE SQUARE BUSINESS PERQS UARE SPERQUARE PER PER PER PER SON RETAIL 40 50 35

TABLE

CONVENIENCE

150

AT

COMPARI

100

AT

FREESTANDING

AUTOMOBILE

35

AT

OTHER

AT

PERSONAL REPAIRS

AT

AT

TOTAL

OPEN

PEDESTRIAN
IN

AREAS

LOADING

AND UNBADING

SPACC

AND SPACE

FOR FINANCIAL

ACTIVITIES

NOT INCLUDED FACILITIES
IT

ELSEWHERE THIS LAST CATEGORY IS INCLUDED TABLE 11 AND IT IS BASED ON TEN PERCENT OF
THIS HAS BEEN FOUND
TO

SEPARATELY UNDER ADDITIONAL
THE REQUIREMENTS

IN

THE TABLE

BE

REASONABLE

STANDARD

TO

PRECEEDING USE FOR THIS

CATEGORY
TABLE CONVERTS THE SQUARE FOOTAGE FLOOR AREA REQUIREMENTS OF TABLE 10 INTO ACRES PARKING FACILITIES FACILITIES BESIDES THE ADDITIONAL PARKING IS ADDED IN THIS TABLE IT IS RECOGNIZED THAT OF PARKING SPACES TO FLOOR AREA RATIO WERE DETERMINED BY DEMANDS VARY ACCORDING TO USES BUT WHEN ALL USES ARE CONSOLIDATED THE PARKING WHILE SOME SUBURBAN FACILITIES MAY REACH NEEDS TEND TO EVEN OUT DIFFERENCES RATIO WOULD BE OF PARKING SPACE TO FLOOR AREA THAT HIGH TO RATIO AS HIGH AS IN THE CITY GREATER RELIANCE MUST BE PLACED ON PEDESTRIAN AND TRANSIT IMPRACTICAL TOL RATIO FOR PARKING AREA TO FLOOR RIDERS WITHIN THE DENSELY DEVELOPED CITY THE TOTAL AREA REQUIREMENTS OF THE CITY AREA IS ESTABLISHED AS GOAL IN THE CITY
IL

LESS THE CENTRAL FOR THE

TABLE 11 ALSO PRESENTS THE NEEDS OF 1967 BASED ON THE SAME COVERED SEPARATELY THE NEEDS OF 1990 TRANSLATED INTO TERMS OF THE PROCEDURES USED IN DETERMINING AND THE AMOUNT OF LAND USED OR AMOUNT OF LAND REQUIRED FOR COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES OF THE DESIGNEATED FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES THE CITY NEEDS ONLY ABOUT TWOTHIRDS

THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DOWNTOWNAREA ARE PRESENTED IN TABLE 11 BUSINESS DISTRICT ARE ADDED TO THIS TABLE TO PRESENT THE TOTAL REQUIREMENTS IS THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT AS MENTIONED PREVIOUSLY CITY BY 1990

THE PROBLEM WITH OVER LAND PRESENTLY DESIGNATED FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES ZONING FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES IS THAT AN ECONOMIC SURPLUS OF COMMERCIAL PROPERTY CAN BE VISUALLY UNPLEASANT IN THE FORM OF VACANT STORES AND EVEN MORE SERIOUS
THE CAUSE OF BLIGHTING INDICATED EFFECTS IN

NEIGHBORHOODS

ARE MAJOR SHOPPING CONCENTRATIONS IN THE BUFFALO AREA WITH ON FIGURE THE AN EMPHASIS ON THOSE IN THE CITY OUTSIDE OF THE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT
IS OF SHOPPINGFACILITIES PROPOSED DISTRIBUTION PLAN THIS BUILDS UPON THE PATTERN SUGGESTED

SHOWN IN FIGURE
IN

THE

COMMERCIAL

FIGURE

BUT ATTEMPTS TO CONSOLIDATE

ACTIVITIES

SHOPPING AREAS ARE PART OF THE PLAN BUT THEY ARE NOT INDICATED ON FIGURE GENERALLY SMALL AREA THE GUIDE IN LOCATING SUCH FACILITIES SHOULD BE BASED ON THE DENSITY OF POPULATION OF AN AREA AND ITS ABILITY TO SHOULD BE REASONABLY COMPATIBLE WITH THESE SMALL SCALE SHOPPING SUPPORT THEM RESIDENTIAL AREAS AND CONVENIENTLY LOCATED WITH LARGE NUMBER OF CUSTOMERS WHO

NEIGHBORHOOD OR CONVENIENCE

DUE TO THEIR

AR

WILL

WALK

TO

SHOP

ONE

OF THE OF

OF

LIMITATION

ON THE SIZE

IS THE LACK PROBLEMS WITH NEIGHBORHOOD DEFINITION TRADE AREA THE STORE IN REACHING COMMUNITYLEVEL

NUMBER OF AUTOMOBILES INCREASE AND COMPATIBILITY LOST THE TERM CONVENIENCE SHOPPING IS USED TO
AND IT IS BUSINESS
IN

WITH INDICATE

RESIDENTIAL

NEIGHBORHOODS

IS

PERSONAL AND BUSINESS SERVICES WHICH ARE COMPAT IBLE WITH RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS SUCH AS BARBER AND BEAUTY SHOPS SHOULD BE PERMITTED IN SIZE TO PREVENT COMMUNITY IN LAND USE CONTROLS THE OUTLETS SHOULD BE LIMITED 2500 SQUARE FOOT MAXIMUM FLOOR AREA FROM BEING PERMITTED SERVING FACILITIES
LIGHT

KEEPING CERTAIN

WITH THE STANDARD

THE PURPOSE OF SUCH AREAS AND WITH THE CENSUS OF LAND USE CLASSIFICATION

PER OUTLET

IS

PROPOSED

TO

GOVERN THIS

CONSIDERATION

LOCAL

SERVICE FACILITIES

ARE

FOR THOSE COMMERCIAL AND SERVICES ACTIVITIES PROPOSED TO PROVIDE PARTICULARLY WHICH ARE NOT CUSTOMARILY CONSIDERED TO BE COMPATIBLE WITH RESIDENZK NEIGHBORHOODS AREAS IN MAPPING SUCH FACILITIES CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN TO MAKE SURE THAT RESIDENTIAL THESE ARE PROTECTED FROM OBJECTIONABLE USES BY PHYSICAL BARRIERS OR UAER BUFTCRS

VI

1990

654 613 1889 488 904 9093 1364

15005

2000 1900

17005 10588

REQUIRED
AREA
1967

413 321

1206 224 468 5266 790 8688

COMMERCIAL
TOTAL
IN
11

ACRES

CBD
LESS

TABLE

CITY

CONVENIENCE COMPARISON FREESTANDING OTHER SERVICES PARKING ADDITIONAL TOTAL

RETAIL

FACILITIES

DISTRICT BUSINESS

TOTAL

CENTRAL CBD

IIF

IN

JI

II

NUMBERED AREAS
MAJOR
RETAIL

AREAS

SEE APPENDIX

FIGURE

EXISTING

MAJOR COMMERCIAL CONCENTRATIONS

VI

J14

AI
THETI
TO

WOULD BE DISTRIBUTED SMALL AREA MAXIMUM

THROU

FLOOR AREA

PREVENT LARGE SCALE OPERATIONS SHOULD BE LIMITED TO THE REALISTIC NEED FOR SUCH FACILITIES THEY CANNOT DISTURB RESIDENTIAL NEIGHBORHOODS CONVENIENCE SHOPPING AREAS SHOULD BE PERMITTED
IN

THE CITY BUT ARE NOR INDICATED ON TIE PIAN DUE TO OF 5000 SQUARE FEET PER OUTLET IS PROPOSED THE AMOUNT OF LAND DESIGNATED FOR THIS

AND LOCATED
ACTIVITIES DISTRICT

IN

PURPOSE AREAS WHERE
OF THE

COMMERCIAL
THIS

FACILITIES ARE LOCATED ON MAJOR STREETS PAST DEVELOPMENT HAS RESULTED ELONGATED COMMERCIAL STRIPS THE LACK OF UNIFIED DEVELOPMENT OF SUCH FACILITIES FINDS GENERAL DEFICIENCY IN PARKING FACILITIES THE PATTERN PROPOSED IS NOT DRASTIC CHANGE BUT IT DOES PROPOSE REDESIGN OF SUCH FACILITIES CONSOLIDATION AND MORE EFFICIENT USE OF THE COMMERCIAL AREAS COMMUNITY RETAIL FACILITIES ARE COMPARABLE TO THE CATEGORIES OF COMMERCIAL USES OF THE PROPOSED CONVENIENCE SHOPPING AREAS BUT THEY WOULD NOR BE LIMITED AS TO FLOOR AREA CONSEQUENTLY LARGER TRADE AREA WOULD BE COVERED AND MORE AUTOMOBILE TRAFFIC MAY BE ANTICIPATED SUCH USES COULD BE TO DISRUPTIVE NEIGHBORHOOD BUFFERS SHOULD BE PROVIDED BETWEEN THEM AND RESIDENTIAL
IN

COMMUNITY

USES

TWO CATEGORIES
CATEGORY
FALILITTES

OF

COMMUNITY
FACILITIES

RETAIL

INDICATES WITH LARGER THE SMALLER

FACILITIES OF LESS THAN

ARE SHOWN ON THE
15

PLAN

THE SMALLER

ACRES

DIFFERENCES WOULD ALSO INVOLVE THE TYPES OF ACTIVITIES AREA WOULD CONCENTRATE ON THE CONVENIENCE SHOPPING CATEGORY AS SUPER MARKETS WHILE THE LARGER AREAS WOULD INCREASE THEIR RELIANCE ON COMPARISON SHOPPING ACTIVITIES SUCH AS APPAREL AND HOME THE LARGER FURNISHINGS CATEGORY IS DISTINGUISHED ON THE PLAN AND IS BASED ON THE OR TRADITIONAL MAJOR SHOPPING AREAS OF THE CITY GENERALLY
RETAIL AREA IS INDICATED BUT THE EXISTING LESS THAN IS ACTIVITY COMMUNUY LEVEL IT IS ANTICIPATED THAT THOSE AREAS HAVE THE POTENTIAL OF REACHING THE LEVEL INDICATED PART OF THAT POTENTIAL WOULD REST IN THE CONSOLIDATION OF SCATTERED RETAIL FACILITIES AND IN MAKING THE AREA ATTRACTIVE FOR SHOPPERS

AREAS

CATEGORY

INDICATES

WHERE EITHER COMMERCIAL

SMALL OR LARGE COMMUNITY

REGIONAL COMMERCIAL FACILITIES WOULD ATTRACT CUSTOMERS FROM LEVEL AND REGIONAL WOULD INCLUDE LARGE SCALE COMMERCIAL SUCH FACILITIES OPERATIONS WOULD INCLUDE BOTH INDIVIDUAL OUTLETS STANDING BY THEMSELVES AND GROUPINGS OF OUTLER ADDED TO THE PERMITTED USES WOULD BE THOSE CLASSIFIED IN THE FREESTANDING CATEGORY SUCH AS MOTELS AUTOMOBILE SALES AND BUILDING MATERIALS WHICH ATTRACT CUSTOMERS BEYOND THE COMMUNITY LEVEL OTHER REGIONAL FACILITIES SHOULD BE CONSIDERED AS SUCH BUT WILL REQUIRE SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS THE DELAWARE AVENUE AND THE BROADWAY FILLMORE AREAS ARE CONSIDERED REGIONAL IN SCOPE BUT EACH AREA HAS INDIVIDUAL CHARACTERISTICS IN ADDITION TO THEIR LEVEL OF SERVICE SUCH CHARACTERISTICS SHOULD BE FURTHER DEVELOPED AND PERMITTED USES IN THOSE AREAS SHOULD DIFFER FROM THE GENERAL CATEGORY OF REGIONAL COMMERCIAL THE DOWNTOWN AREA WHICH IS TREATED SEPARATELY IS ALSO REGIONAL AREA THAT REQUIRES SPECIAL REGULATIONS REQUIREMENTS OF THE CITY WILL BE MET IN MIXEDUSE AREAS IN SUCH AREAS WOULD EMPHASIZE CONVENIENCE SHOPPING AND PERSONAL AND BUSINESS SERVICES MIXED COMMERCIAL AND RESIDENTIAL USES IN CERTAIN AREAS IS CONSIDERED TO BE DESIRABLE HOWEVER THE MIXTURE OF SUCH USES WILL REQUIRE SPECIAL CONSIDERATION AND CONTROL
ACTIVITIES PART OF THE

COMM

COMMERCIAL

VTL

COMR
COMMUNITY

THGIOFL3L
COMNOSITE IIXED
CBD
CORE

USES
DISTRICT CORE

CCNUR
C3D

BUSINESS

PEAESTRIAFL

FI

L1GU

CC

PLAN

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION THE
COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT

COMPONENTS ARE OUTSIDE THE SCOPE OF THIS PLAN BUT SHOULD BE WITHIN COMPREHENSIVE PLAN FOR THE ENTIRE CITY PROBLEMS EXISTING CAN BE RESOLVED BY PURSUING THE FOLLOWING GOALS COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES SHOULD BE CONSOLIDATED INTO CENTERS ENHANCEMENT OF THE APPEARANCE OF FACILITIES AND THE
OF ADDITIONAL

DEVELOPMENT PLANS

PR

PLAN PROPOSES AN ORDERLY DISTRIBUTION
FOR INDIVIDUAL

OF

PROVISION

PARKING

DISTINGUISH

BETWEEN NEIGHBORHOOD AND COMMUNITY TRADE RETAIL ESTABLISHMENTS PROVIDE SHOPPING AMENITIES

MODERNIZE OLDER

THIS

COMMERCIAL PLAN DEALS WITH COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES OUTSIDE THE THE IMPORTANCE OF BUILTIN MARKET FOR SUCH FUNDAMENTAL SUPPORT THE PLAN THE DOWNTOWNAREA WHICH IS COVERED CALLS FOR EFFORTS TO CAPTURE ITS SEPARATELY POTENTIAL COMMERCIAL MARKET ITS RETAIL MARKET IS IN THE FIELD OF PRIMARILY COMPARISON SHOPPING WHERE CUSTOMERS MUST BE ATTRACTED TO FAR GREATER DEGREE THAN FOR
CENTRAL

SECTION

OF THE

BUSINESS DISTRICT NEEDS AS FOOD WILL HELP

CONVENIENCE

SHOPPING

THERE
OUTSIDE

IS

NOT ANY NEED FOR ADDITIONAL THE

DOWNTOWNAREA

COMMERCIAL GROUND

IN

FACT THE CITY

PURPOSES FOR CITY OF WELL OVER 700 VACANT LAND DESIGNATED FOR INDUSTRIAL

OF COMMERCIALLY DESIGNATED LAND CAN HAVE EFFECT IN THE CITY DETERIORATING IMPROVEMENT IN THE EXISTING SYSTEM IS REQUIRED WITH AN EMPHASIS ON CONSOLIDATION OF USES AND THE OF USES THE DISTINGUISHING FULFILLMENT OF THIS GENERAL PLAN WILL RELY LARGELY ON THE INITATION AND IMAGINATION OF BUSINESS

PURPOSES

AN OVERAB4NDANCE

IN THE AREA OF THE CITY HAS ENOUGH LAND DESIGNATED FOR COMMERCL 000 PERSONS THIS FIGURE DOES NOT INCLUDE USES WHICH ALSO COULD BE USED FOR COMMERCIAL

COMMUNITY

REGIONAL
TO OF OR TO

SCALE LARGE SERVE LARGE SIZE
OVER 30 TIME
NO

COMMERCIAL SUBSTANTIAL INDIVIDUAL GROUPING OUTLETS 250000 LARGE TRADE
SCALE AND
AND
FL

USESREGION

OUTLETS

FT
OF

SQ

RETAIL SERVICES PEOPLE TRAVEL M0030 0 INUTE LIMIT PEOPLE TRAVEL 30000 MINUTE
LESS
OR

SERVICES
TO BE

AREAS

TYPE
BE
TO 15 BY

SERVICE SCALE COULD LOCAL SMALL WHICH

OBJECTIONABLE RESIDENTIAL LOCATION BUFFERED RESIDENCES
TIME ACRE

SHOULD

FROM

FEET

SQFTPER SQUARE SCALE SERVICES 10000 SMALL STANDING USESRETAIL
FT
SQ

TOTAL FREE

COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES
AND

AREAS

COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL RETAIL BUSINESS SERVICES SERVECOMMUNITY EXCLUDING SERVICE
AND

PERSONAL
SOME

SCALE NEEDS BUT
AT THE

HEAVY

USES

AND
TO

100000

TO OF

SCALE LARGE

SHOPPING SERVICES
PEOPLE TRAVEL
ACRES
TIME 530
TO 15

CONVOSHPPING COMPARISON PERSONAL BUSINESS 30000 MINUTE
AND

PROPOSED
AND
OF

CHARACTERISTICS
PERSONAL SERVICES IMMEDIATE
12

CONVENIENCE
SCALE SMALL
SQ

RETAIL BUSINESS SERVING
AND
FT

TH

NEIGHBORHOOD
PER FEET

FLOOR TOTAL

SQUARE
2500 5000

PICONVENENCE ERSONAL SERVICES
SCALE SMALL SPACE FLOOR

PERSONSTRAV

TIME

LESS

SHOPPING BUSINESS
DUTLETS

10000 MINUTE
TO

OR

ACRE
AREA AREA

TABLE

DESCRIPTION

TRADE

GROUND

COMMUNITY
BY

COMMERCIAL ACREAGE
1992 1038 1373 1167 1129 511 1506 1994 1609 1214 1364 1169

16066
4627

ACREAGE POPULATION THOUSANDS
305 433 392 538 318 469 656
53

1970

309 468 121 565

IN

COMMERCIAL
BASE
AND

COMMERCIAL ACREAGESTUDY 1966 1038 1420 1155 1112
495

1312 1869 1656 1193 1364 1117

15697
5080

POPULATION
1963
OF

DISTRIBUTION
IN

POPULATION THOUSANDS ESTIMATED
RIVERSIDE
BUFFALO
NORTH NORTH
EAST SIDE WEST

320 460 410 580 350 520 700 120 380 530 130 580

AI

TABLE

DEIAVAN ELMWOOD MA3TEN EAST CENTRAL ELLICOTT

SIDE EAST

RIVER

BUFFALO BUFFALO
SOUTH TOTAL

APPENDIX EXPLANATIONS OF DISPOSITION OF PERSONAL INCOME RETAIL SALES AND SELECTED

SERVICES
THE
IN

DISTRIBUTION OF PERSONAL INCOME IS PRESENTED IN GRAPH FORM PIGURE DISPOSIBLE PERSONAL INCOME IS BASED ON PROJECTED PERSONAL INCOME LESS TAXES AND CERTAIN INFLEXIBLE NONTAX PAYMENTS EXCLUDING SAVINGS PERSONAL CONSUMPTIVE EXPENDITURES REMAIN WITHIN THIS CATEGORY PLOTTED EXPENDITURES FOR RETAIL SALES AND SELECTED SERVICES LEFT IS CATEGORY LABELED OTHER PERSONAL EXPENDITURES WHICH WOULD INCLUDE ITEMS AS TRAVEL EDUCATIONAL AND MEDICAL EXPENDITURES PROJECTIONS ON GRAPH BASIS WOULD PROVE INADEQUATE ON THEIR OWN DUE TO THOSE CONSIDERATIONS WHICH ALTER GRAPHIC PROJECTIONS FOR EXAMPLE AS DISPOSABLE PERSONAL INCOME INCREASES THE PERCENTAGE SPENT ON RETAIL SALES WILL DECREASE HOUSING UNITS AS BASIS OF SPENDING PATTERNS WERE NOT USED TO BUILD ESTIMATES DUE TO THE PATTERN OF CHANGE OF SUCH UNITS IN THE CITY OF BUFFALO OVER THE LAST 20 YEARS PERSONS PER HOUSING UNIT DROPPED FROM 337 PERSONS TO 284 THE RELATIONSHIP PERSONS BETWEEN PERSONAL INCOME AND EXPENDITURES WAS FELT TO BE MORE CONCRETE MEASUREMENT THAN INCOME OF HOUSEHOLD UNITS FOR THE CITY OF BUFFALO CONSIDERATIONS USED IN THE PLOTTING OF THE DISPOSITION OF PERSONAL INCOME ARE DESCRIBED IN THE TEXT THE GRAPH WAS PRE PARED TO VISUALLY PRESENT VARIOUS PROJECTIONS IN RELATION TO ONE ANOTHER ARID AS CONTROL DEVICE

BL

AN

AN

IH

IN

MILLIONS
SMSA

10000

FIGURE BL DISPOSITION OF PERSONAL INCO

YI

APPENDIX

CONTINUED

OF DISPOSITION EXPLANATIONS OF PERSONAL INCOME RETAIL SALES AND SELECTED

SERVICES

RETAIL TRADE CATEGORIES ARE COMPOSED OF TYPES OF TRADE THAT ARE SIMILAR IN CUSTOMER ATTRACTION CONVENIENCE SHOPPING INCLUDES BE CONSIDERED AS CONTINUALLY THE SALE OF ITEMS THAT MAY NECESSARY AND WHICH REQUIR LITTLE COMPARISON ON THE PART OF THE PURCHASER WITHOUT TRAVELING DISTANCE SIGNIFICANT THEY ARE COMPARISON SHOPPIPG INCLUDES THOSE ITEMS FOR WHICH THE PURCHASER WILL TRAVEL SOME ISTANCE TO OBTAIN THE SPECIFIC ITEM HE DESIRES FREESTANDING COMMERCIAL TRADE INCLUDES THOSE OUTLETS WHICH GENERATE TRADE TO STAND BY THEMSELVES THE CONVENIENCE SHOPPING UFFICIENT FRUIT VEGETABLE GROUP INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING GROCERY MEAT FISH STORES THE CANDY BAKERY EATING DRINKING DRUG AND PROPRIETARY COMPARISON GROUP INCLUDES THE FOLLIWNG DEPARTMENT VARIETY GENERAL CLOTHING ACCESSORY FUR SHOE FURNITURE HOME FURNISHINGJ AND APPLIANCE STORES THE FREESTANDING CATEGORY INCLUDES MOTOR VEHICLE BUILDING MATERIALS BUILDING SUPPLIES TIRE BATTERY AND ACCESSORY RETAIL OUTLETS AS WELL AS DEALERS THE CATEGORY LABELED OTHER RETAIL GASOLINE SERVICE STATIONS

USUALLY

MERCHAN

SHOPP

INCLUDES SECONDHAND SPORTING GOODS JEWELRY LIQUOR ANTIQUE AND MAIL ORDER OUTLETS SELECTED FUEL ICE FLORIST CIGARETTE SERVICES LISTED ARE GROUPED BY THOSE REQUIRING COMPARABLE SPACE THE FIRST GROUP LABELED PERSONAL AND BUSINESS REQUIREMENTS INCLUDES THE FOLLOWING SERVICES LAUNDRY CLEANING PRESSING LINEN SUPPLY DIAPERBEAUTY BARBER PHOTOGRAPHIC SHOE REPAIR AND FUNERAL SERVICES WINDOW CLEANING ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE STRUCTURE AND BUILDING AND EXTERMINATING DISINFECTING MANAGEMENT INTERIOR STATISTICAL RELATIONS DECORATING CONSULTING PUBLIC CREDIT AND COLLECTION MAILING STENOGRAPHIC EMPLOYMENT DUPLICATING DETECTIVE RESEARCH TESTING PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT LEASING PHOTO AND FINISHING TRADING STAMP TEMPORARY HELP SIGN PAINTING SERVICES THE SECOND GROUP LABELED REPAIRS AND AUTO ANSWERING MOBILE THE FOLLOWING AUTO GENERAL AUTOMOBILE REPAIR TOP AND BODY AUTO PAINTING BATTERY AUTO GLASS BRAKE WHEEL AXLE SPRING EXHAUST AND AUTOMOBILE TRANSMISSION REPAIR SERVICES AUTOMOBILE PARKING VEHICLE RENTAL AND AUTOMOBILE WASHING SERVICES ELECTRICAL RADIO TELEVISION REFRIGERATOR REUPHOLSTERY FURNITURE WATCH CLOCK JEWELRY WELDING LAWNMOWER KNIFE TOOL AND SEWER SERVICES THE THIRD GROUP LABELED HOTELS AND RECREATION REPAIR INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING HOTELS MOTELS MOTION PICTURES AMUSEMENT RECREATION ORCHESTRAS ENTERTAINERS THEATRICAL BOWLING BILLIARD POOL DANCE HALLS DANCE SCHOOLS COMMERCIAL SPORTS AND SKATING SERVIVES

II

VI21

APPENDIX
MAJOR COMMERCIAL

AREA

INDICATED FIGURE PAGE VI14 COMMERCIAL CONCENTRATIONS

THE FOLLOWING

EXISTING

MAJOR

TONAWANDAQNTARIO
DELAWARE HERTEL PARKING

HUNT TO CROWLEY SHOPPING

36

OUTLETS OUTLETS OF

CENTER

PLAZA19
55

64700

SQ FT

AVENT
SQ FT

WALLACE

TO COLVIN

OUTLETS

KENMORE AVENUE NEAR ENGLEWOOD TWO SMALL PLAZASLO

OUTLETS

49000
CENTRAL

PARK PLAZA

26

OUTLETS

265000

SQ FT
58

BAILEYKENSINGTON PART OF
CLEVELAND

TO STOCKBRIDGE LANGFIELD PLAZA LOST TO EXPRESSWAY PLAZA
14

OUTLETS

HJLL

OUTLETS

80000
38

SQ FT
OUTLETS

GRANT STREET HAMPSHIRE TO LAFAYETTE WEST SIDE 4AZA OUTLETS 75000 NIAGARA

INCLUDING

SQFT
30

STREET

VIRGINIA

TO PENNSYLVANIA
17

OUTLETS

10 11

ELMWOODUTIC
JEFFERSONUTICA GENESEEMOSELLE

BRYANT TO ANDERSON

OUTLETS
47

NORTHAMPTON TO WOODLAWN BARTHEL PLAZA
TO

OUTLETS

12
13 14 15 16 17 18 19

KOONS

42 OUTLETS

JEFFERSONWILLIAM

UNDER CONSTRUCTION
80

60000

SQ FT

BROADWAYFI1LXR
LOVEJOY
SOUTH IDEAL

REED TO LOEPERE
15

OUTLETS

TO DAVEY

OUTLETS OUTLETS

PARK CHICAGO
WEISS

TO HAYWARD 18

CLINTON

SENE
SOUTH

TO FENTON

OUTLETS CHURCH

PRINCETON

TO INDIAN
12

RD

38

OUTLETS

PARK SOUTH BIDE

TO CHOATE

OUT1

VJ

22

PT THE PRESENT TIME

DEVELOPMENT OF COMMERCIAL FACILITIES DIRECTION OFTEN NEW COMMERCIAL FACILITIES PROCEEDS WITH LITTLE CONFLICT WITH OLDER ESTABLISHED DEVELOPMENTS AND THE ECONOMIC HAS DAMAGING EFFECT ON AN OLD STRENGTH OF THE NEWER FACILITY FACILITIES TEND THE PROFITABLE CORE NEWER COUUTNANITY ASPECTS OF THE OLDER CORE AREAS BUT DO NOT SUPPLY THE OTHER URBAN VALUES OFTEN INHERENT IN THE OLDER CENTERS THE CONTINUED

TI

BESIDES REPRESENTING WASTE OF LAND THE LACK OF CONTROLLED DEVELOP MENT HAS TENDENCY TO LEAVE OBSOLETE COMMERCIAL STRUCTURES STANDING THIS TENDENCY ARE BUILT IN OTHER LOCATIONS AS REPLACEMENT FACILITIES RESIDENTIAL INFLUENCES ON NEIGHBORHOODS CAN INTRODUCE BLIGHTING OF THE OLDER COMMUNITY COMMERCIAL AREAS SHOULD OCCUR REVITALIZATION OF EXISTING AND IMPROVEMENTS MADE WITHIN THEM THE CONSOLIDATION COMMERCIAL ACTIVITIES SHOULD BE STRESSED GENERALLY POPULATION HAS IT WOULD DECLINED IN AREAS ADJACENT TO THE OLDER COMMERCIAL AREAS CONSTRUCTION IN AREAS OF OLD BE DESIRABLE TO SEEK NEW RESIDENTIAL IN PROVIDING RESIDENTIAL SUPPORT STRIP COMMERCIAL ZONING TO ASSIST EXTERIORS AND FOR REMAINING COMMERCIAL AREAS MORE ATTRACTIVE GENERAL REHABILITATION PROGRAM SHOULD BE UNDERTAKEN IN THESE OLD CORE AREAS ALONG WITH THE SEEKING OF NEW CONSTRUCTION IMPROVED FACILITIES SHOULD BE AMENITIES AND OFFSTREET PARKING PEDESTRIAN IN STRATEGIC LOCATIONS PROVIDED THE BEST WAY TO COMPETE WITH COMMERCIAL FACILITIES ESPECIALLY WHICH HAVE DRAWN SHOPPERS AWAY FROM CITY THOSE IN SUBURBAN AREAS IS TO PROVIDE AN ENVIRONMENT FOR SHOPPERS THAT IS FACILITIES AND SOCIALLY THAN THAT OFFERED BY MORE ATTRACTIVE PHYSICALLY URBAN OR SOCIAL FACILITIES BEYOND STRICTLY SHOPPING PLAZAS SHOULD BE PROVIDED COMMERCIAL NEEDS

44

ASS

VI23

APPENDIX

FIGURE RAPID

D1
TRANSIT

PROPOSED

STATIONA

FL

THE PLANNED DEVELOPMENT OF RESIDENTIAL SPECIAL REGULATIONS PERMITTING AND COMMERCIAL USES IN AREAS ADJACENT TO THE STATIONS OF THE PROPOSED LINE WILL BE REQUIRED LAND USE REGULATIONS RAPID TRANSIT SHOULD BE FLEXIBLE CONTROL AT EACH STATION ENOUGH TO PERMIT INDIVIDUAL THE INVESTMENT IN THE TRANSIT LARGE PUBLIC WARRANTS SPECIAL FACILITY PUBLIC CONTROLS

CONTENTS

THE LONG

RANG

PLAN

FOREWORDGOALS AND OBJECTIVES BUFFALO SUMMARY OF THE CONCEPT PLAN FOR DOWNTOWN
REGIONAL CONTEXT

DOWNTOWN DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITIES AND DYNAMIC OF THE DESIGN PRINCIPLES
EXISTING 10
11

PLAN

AND FUTURE PREDOMINANT LAND USE PATTERNS TRANSIT AND THE MALL RAPID NEW RETAIL SPACE
STREETS AND PARKING

12 13 14

NEW OFFICE SPACE
CONVENTION CENTER COMMUNITY COLLEGE HOTELS HOUSING

THE MAIN
18

STREET MALL

20 28 30 30

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES THE MAIN STREET MALL PLAN
MALL STRUCTURE POTENTIAL SERVICES

NEW RETAIL

SPACE
STORES

TO MAIN STREET RETAIL

TRANSPORTATION

AND TRANSIT

32
33 35 37 38

GOALS AND OBJECTIVES THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

IN

THE REGIONAL

CONTEXT

THE

STREET SYSTEM
IN

PARKING PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

DOWNTOWN

THE CONVENTION CENTER
40

THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
44

CUD HOUSING
AN
46
INVESTMENT

AND THE DOWNTOWN PEILPHERY
OPPORTUNITY

TIMING AND NEXT STEPS 48

FOREWORD
THIS
IS

INCREASE PUBLIC

THE CAPACITY

OF

THE PRIME MOVE NOWTOWARD
ACHIEVING THESE GOALS IS TO
IF

PLAN TO REVITALIZE
IT

TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO
TO

IS

THE AWARENESS OF CITY

RESPONSE LEADERS
LIES
IF

TO

ACCOMMODATE MAXIMUM
FOR

IMPLEMENT THE PLAN IMPLEMENTED THERE
TO ANTICIPATE BRIGHT

THE PLAN

IS

EXPECTATIONS

DEVELOPMENT

IS

EVERY REASON
FUTURE FOR

THAT
IN

THE FUTURE OF BUFFALO CITY
OF
ITS

GROWTH
PLAN THE ARRANGEMENTOF
FUTURE

THE HEALTH CITY
IF IT

CENTER CITY
FISCALLY

THE REGIONAL CENTER AND SPINOFF

BUFFALO

IS TO
IS

REMAIN

SOLVENT
LEVEL OF
IT

TO OFFER

THE HIGH

LAND USES JUDICIOUSLY TO OF NEW PERMIT THE PROPER LOCATION

ADVANTAGES TO THE ENTIRE REGION THESE ADVANTAGES HAVE BEEN
SUBSTANTIATED

SERVICES NECESSARY TO

DEVELOPMENT
PROVIDE

BY THE

INSPIRING

MAKE
WILL

AN

ATTRACTIVE

AND HUMANE
MAJOR EFFORT DEVELOP
IT

EXAMPLES AND
LOCATE SUFFICIENT

OF

SEVERAL OTHER

PLACE TO LIVE

THEN

REGIONAL CENTERS PLANNED AND

HAVE TO BE

MADE TO
FULL

PARKING SPACE TO AVOID

RETARDING

DEVELOPED

IN

DOWNTOWN TO
WILL

NEW PRIVATE

THE COUNTRY SUCH
OF CITY OF

ITS

POTENTIAL

AND PUBLIC

HAVE TO BE MAINTAINED

NOT ONLY

DEVELOPMENT
LOCATE

ACTION GIVES THE PEOPLE SENSE OF BELONGING PRIDE AND CONCERNAND
FOR

FEELING

AS

GROWING MARKETPLACE BUT AS

NEW PUBLIC
DEVELOPMENT
IS

THE ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER OF THE ACTIVE

AND

CULTURAL

IMPROVEMENTS SO THAT SPACE

INVOLVEMENT
LINE IT OF CITY

IT

BECOMES THE
THE CITY
WILL

LIFE

REGION

STRONG

NEW PRIVATE
PREEMPTED

NOT

CONVERSELY WITHOUT

AND

VISUALLY

EXCITING THOSE ELEMENTS

WITHOUT ACTION

WITHER

THE PLAN
NECESSARY

OUTLINES TO

PURSUE VIGOROUSLY DEVELOPMENT
COMPATIBLE
ACTIVITIES

ACCOMPLISH THESE

WITH DOWNTOWN MIGHT OTHERWISE
IN THE

ENDS THE PROPOSALS ARE INTER LOCKING THEY ARE INTENDED TO WORK
TOGETHER IN PRODUCING
CRITICAL

THAT

LOCATE ELSEWHERE

REGION

AN AREA WITH

MASS THAT
TO

MAKE PEDESTRIAN
COMFORTABLE ALLWEATHER POSSIBLE

MOVEMENT
PROVIDING

NEWACTIVITIES
LIFE

CAN BRING DOWNTOWN AND

THROUGHOUT DOWNTOWN AS AS POSSIBLE

EXPAND THE ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL
OF

PASSAGES WHEREVER

THE CITY THE MAJOR

STATED SPECIFICALLY

GOALS FOR DOWNTOWN ARE
POINT

SEVEN
TO
VARIETY TO

OR

SPACES

PROTECT AND PRESERVE BUILDINGS THAT HAVE HISTORIC OR

INCREASE
OF

PROGRAM AS FOLLOWS THE NUMBER AND

ARCHITECTURAL

VALUE
OPPORTUNITIES
FOR

JOBS AVAILABLE

DOWNTOWN
ACTIVITIES

EXPLOIT

INCREASE

RESIDENTIAL

OPPORTUNITIES

CREATING

NEW AND EXCITING

PUBLIC

CLOSE TO JOBS AND SOCIAL
TO TO

SPACE AND BUILDING FORMS PROMOTE GOOD DESIGN
CREATION OF
IN

INCREASE MAINTAIN

CITY

TAX REVENUE

THE

DOWNTOWNS ROLE
CENTER OF THE THE LEVEL AND

NEW BUILDINGS
OF

AS THE ADMINISTRATIVE

REGION

TO RAISE

INCREASE THE SCOPE OF DOWNTOWN SERVICES FOR THE BUFFALO
POLITAN

10 ENCOURAGE THE LOCATION NEW BUILDINGS AT POINTS THAT
REINFORCE THE INTERRELATIONSHIP
ACTIVITIES

METRO

OF

AREA
MIX

TO ATTRACT AS
OF

DIVERSIFIED

MUTUALLY

11
TO

ENHANCE THE

INTEREST

OF

SUPPORTING

ACTIVITIES

BUSINESSES

DOWNTOWN BY IMPORTING COMPLEMENTARY FUNCTIONS EXAMPLE
EXHIBIT AT HALL

AND PEOPLE AS POSSIBLE

FOR

SEEK OUT AND PROMOTE PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS IN THE CITY AND
REGION
THAT

CONVENTION

AND
VISITED

WHICH CAN BE

ARE COMPATIBLE

WITH

THE

SAME TIME
DOWNTOWN
DURING OFF

DOWNTOWN GOALS THE ABOVE GOALS AND OBJECTIVES WILL BE REALIZED ONLY IF THEY ARE
SUPPORTED

12
THAT

LOCATE FUNCTIONS GENERATE ACTIVITY

BY PUBLIC POLICY
IT

THAT IS

PEAK HOURS SUCH AS CONVENTION FACILITIES AND THEATERS

KEYED

TO

THE FUTURE OF
WILL

DYNAMIC
FAR

DOWNTOWN

TAKE

13

PROMOTE THE DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY COLLEGE BY PUBLIC TRANSIT CENTER
TO

OF

SIGHTED APPROACH TO IDEAS AND DECISIONS

MANY PUBLIC
FROM

CENTRAL

ACCESSIBLE

AESTHETICS TO LAND USE TO ACTIVITIES
IN

SERVE THE REGIONAL

ORDER TO SAFEGUARD OR ENHANCE

THE OVERALL

PLAN THE FOLLOWING
ARE VITAL TO THE

POLICY IMPLICATIONS
ENTIRE

PROGRAM

SUMMARY OF THE CONCEPT DOWNTOWNBUFFALO

PLAN FOR

THE

INVESTMENT
OF

CLIMATE

REPRESENTS ADDITIONAL PROPERTY TAX REVENUES APPROXIMATELY INCREASE PRESENT
OF

ANNUAL
OF OR AN

ESTABLISHMENT INVESTMENT

THE APPROPRIATE CLIMATE IN DOWNTOWN

6900000

FRAMEWORKFOR THE CONTINUING RENAISSANCE OF DOWNTOWN

BUFFALO WILL PRODUCE

MAJOR

ROUGHLY

85

OVERTHE

CHANGE
FOR

IN

THE DOWNTOWN AREA OVER

8200000
IN

PROPERTY TAX

THE NEXT TWENTY YEARS THE POTENTIAL

REVENUES
RETAIL

DOWNTOWN ADDITIONAL

CHANGE

IS

STARTLING

WHENVIEWED

SALES WILL REPRESENT

60

TO

AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF THE DECLINE OF DOWNTOWN IN THE POST

EO000OOO

PER YEAR OVER PRESENT
OR NEARLY

DOWNTOWN RETAIL SALES

WORLDWAR II YEARS THIS CHANGE HAS HAS ALREADY BEGUN IT GIVES EVERY
INDICATION OF TO

50
RETAIL

ADDITION

TO

PRESENT GROSS
RETAIL

SALES ADDITIONAL

SALES

CONTINUING

WITH STRONG

TAXES WILL BE ABOUT THREE

2700000
ARE

LEADERSHIP

INSURE THAT STRONG

IMPORTANT INGREDIENTS
THIS

ACTIONS ARE TAKEN IN THE IMMEDIATE FUTURE

REQUIRED TO TRIGGER

NEW
THE HIGH

GROWTH THESE INCLUDE BUFFALOAMHERST SPEED
TRANSIT INTO LINE CORRIDOR

THE PLAN PROJECTS NEW TOTAL GROSS
INVESTMENT
OF

WITH STATIONS

APPROXIMATELY

450000000 OVER THE NEXT 20 OF THIS AMOUNT YEARS 285000000 IS REPRESENTED BY NEW OFFICE SPACE NEW RETAIL SPACE WILL REPRESENT ROUGHLY 25000000 OF NEW
INVESTMENT PUBLIC
OFFICE

THE MALL SYSTEM TO ALLOW COMMUTERS TO GO FROM HOME
INTEGRATED TO

SHOPPING

OR OFFICE

DESTINATIONS

IN

PLEASANT YEARROUND ENVIRONMENT AN ANCILLARY CONDITIONED

ALLWEATHER

AIR

SPACE

MALL ON MAIN STREET

75000000
WHEN

AND HOTELS

45000000

BETWEEN GENESEE AND CHURCH
STREETS

AND THE REMOVAL

OF

ALL IN

PUT INTO

THE CONTEXT OF

VEHICULAR TRAFFIC ON MAIN STREET
THIS

ANTICIPATED

REGIONAL GROWTH THESE

AREA AND

INCREASES

IN

ARE REASONABLE EVEN CONSERVATIVE ESTIMATES POPULATION
OFFICE

PARKING SUPPLY TO KEEP PACE WITH

BASED ON ANTICIPATED
INCREASES
IN IN

THE REGION

NEW GROWTH RESULTING NEW PARKING SPACES

IN

20000

SPACE

THE REGION IS

EXPECTED TO RISE AT ABOUT PER YEAR DOWNTOWN CONSERVATIVELY
COULD CAPTURE ABOUT

MAJOR ELEMENTS AT THE PLAN
SMOOTHLY OPERATING SYSTEM
TRANSIT INTEGRATING

35
IT

MOVEMENT
RAPID FOR THE

OF THIS
IS

PEDESTRIAN
TRAFFIC

GROWTH PER YEAR SINCE THE ADMINISTRATIVE THE REGION AN INCREASED
IN

ALREADY
FOR

AND VEHICULAR
OF DAILY

HEADQUARTERS

PURPOSE OF INCREASING

THE TOTAL
TO

TERMS OF RETAIL GROWTH CAPTURE OF

33

NUMBER

TRIPS

DOWNTOWN

OF

AND INCREASING
TRANSIT TRIPS TO

THE RATIO OF RAPID AUTO TRIPS
FOR THE

REGIONAL SALES SHOPPING

GOODS

ONLY

IS

NOT AN UNREASONABLE

IF DOWNTOWN PRODUCES AN ENVIRONMENT COMPETITIVE WITH

EXPECTATION

THE NEW DOWNTOWN MALL PURPOSE OF CREATING
ALLWEATHER ENVIRONMENT

PLEASANT
TO REVIVE

SUBURBAN SHOPPING MALLS ITS AND MANY OTHER QUALITIES VARIETY AND ADVANTAGES CANNOT BE DUPLICATED IN SUBURBAN SHOPPING MALLS WHEREAS DOWNTOWN CAN
DUPLICATE THE FACILITIES FOUND IN

DOWNTOWN RETAIL SALES AN INCREASED
RELATED TO IN

PARKING SUPPLY

THE STREET

AND EXPRESSWAY
TO

SYSTEM

SUCH

WAYAS

REDUCE

THE TRAFFIC ON THE DOWNTOWN
STREET

SUBURBAN MALLS THESE NEW INVESTMENTS
INTO FLOOR TRANSLATED

SYSTEM
DEVELOPMENT

NEW OFFICE SPACE
INDUCED CREATED BY THE DESCRIBED
FIRST

SPACE EQUAL APPROXIMATELY
SQUARE FEET OF NEW THE DOWNTOWN BY 1990 SQUARE FEET OF THIS

13275000
SPACE
IN

BY THE ENVIRONMENT
THREE ELEMENTS
TO

ABOVE

INCREASE THE
CITY

7830000
GROWTH IS

ECONOMIC HEALTH SPACE
OF

OF THE

NEW PRIVATE
SQUARE FEET
FOR

OFFICE
IS

BUFFALO

2500000
OFFICE LOCAL

PUBLIC

SPACE

FEDERAL STATE AND
RETAIL

GOVERNMENT USE NEW
IS

SPACE
FEET

ABOUT

NEW HOTEL

1030000 SQUARE SPACE 1370000
GROWTH

SQUARE FEET ALL OF THIS

THE MOVEMENT SYATEM THE PROPOSED BUFFALOAMHERST
CORRIDOR INGREDIENT TRANSIT LINE
IS

ALMOST 750 SURFACE SPACES WILL BE ELIMINATED EACH YEAR THE PLAN
CALLS FOR

NATURALLY

IF

NEW DEVELOPMENT
COMMITMENT

SLOWS
RATE

VARIOUS

MECHANISMS

FOR

EQUITABLY

DOWN
WILL

THE CITYS

DISTRIBUTING

THESE COSTS ON PROPERTY

AN IMPORTANT
OF OF

REPLACEMENT

OF

THESE 750

ALSO SLOW
IS

OWNERS AND MERCHANTS HAVE BEEN WORKED OUT
IN IN

TO THE

SUCCESS

THE THE

PER YEAR PLUS 250

PER YEAR OR YEAR OVER THE PARKING

DOWNTOWNPLAN THE BULK

1000 NEW SPACES
NEXT 20 YEARS

ESSENTIAL TO THE PLAN THE
FOR

MANY OTHER

CITIES

AND

COST OF THE HIGH SPEED TRANSIT LINE WOULD BE ASSUMED BY COUNTY CITY AND OTHER ADJOINING FEDERAL FUNDING MORTGAGE TAX
PUBLIC

FINANCING

COMMUNITY HAS THE MECHANISM AND IT WILL HAPPEN IT
AS DEVELOPMENT OCCURS FUNDAMENTAL FACT LOCAL

THE BEST OF THEM CAN BE ADAPTED BUFFALO

THROUGH CITY

LEADERSHIP

THE

CITY

NOW HAS

WORKABLEAND

QUASIPUBLIC

CORPORATION CAN

MUNICIPALITIES

SUCCESSFUL PARKING FORMULA THE USE
OF CITY

PROCEED TO THE NEXT STEP OF MORE
DETAILED PLANNING

AND THE PRESENT ALREADY EARMARKED FOR IMPROVEMENTS
RATEABLES
IN

BONDS WITH SPECIAL
FOR

AND DESIGN

PRIVATE

BACKUP
FOR

TRANSPORTATION IN TAX

NECESSARY

ANY SPECIAL SUBSIDIES BECAUSE OF EXTRA COSTS

GOVERNMENT WILL NOT PAY THE COST THE USERS PARKERS AND BUSINESSES

DEVELOPMENT

OTHER INCREASES ALONG THE LINE
OTHER TAX

UNDERGROUNDOR COMPLICATED

WHO BUY AND

BENEFIT

FROM THE

NEW OFFICE SPACE
PRIVATE TO OFFICE

PLUS THE INCREASES FROM

SOURCES RESULTING

BUILDING REQUIREMENTS MAIN PLACE AND THE NEW MARINE MIDLAND OFFICE TOWER DEVELOPMENT ARE EXAMPLES OF SUCH SPECIAL SITUATIONS CURRENT PLANS AND NORMAL DOWNTOWN GROWTH WILL ELIMINATE

SPACES ARE THOSE WHO PAY
ANTICIPATED MARINE MIDLAND
RATE

SPACE

IS

EXPECTED

STRUCTURES FOR
REFLECT THIS
IS

INCREASE

BY

78

MILLION

NEW

FACT THE

SQUARE FEET ABOUT SQUARE FEET
OF THIS

15
IS

MILLION

DOWNTOWNGROWTH TRIGGERED BY THE PLAN INCLUDING AUGMENTED RETAIL
SALES

EMPLOYEE PARKING
FIRST

50

FOR

ALREADY

HOUR
FOR

30

FOR

THE SECOND

AND

PROGRAMMED MARINE MIDLAND
THE
UTILITY

AND

TAXES

UTILITY

TAXES ETC
TO

20

EACH ADDITIONAL HOUR
RATE
IN

WOULD BE NET ADDITIONS
TAX

THE CITYS

6000

PRESENT

POSITION
OF

OFFSTREET PARKING SPACES FROM THE WATERFRONT AND THE BY THE
OF

3000

SHOPPER PARKING SHOULD BE LOWEST AND
RISE TO

STRUCTURES
FIRST

OFFICE

COMPANIES NEW PUBLIC SPACE TOTALING 25 MILLION IS

THE

HOUR

OTHER MAJOR BENEFITS

3000

MOVEMENT SYSTEM ENVISIONED
PLAN RESULT FROM THE INTEGRATION
RAPID TRANSIT STATIONS

FROM OTHER BUILDING ANOTHER

SITES
ONSTREET ONSTREET

ALLDAY PARKERS WITH MERCHANTS SUBSIDIZING
DISCOURAGE
IT

EXPECTED TO BE BUILT OVER THE NEXT 20 YEARS ROUGHLYONE MILLION SQUARE FEET
IN
IS

ALREADY

PROGRAMMED NEW

3000

LEGAL

ONLY AS THEY SEE
THEIR

INDIVIDUALLY

TO

AND PARKING
MALL

SPACES AND 6000

BENEFIT

THIS

WOULD APPLY ONLY
ADJACENT

TERMS OF INCOME TO THE CITY
OFFICE

ILLEGAL

STRUCTURES

WITH THE PEDESTRIAN

SYSTEM PROVIDING
TRANSITION

SMOOTH
TO

SPACES REDUCE THE EFFECTIVENESS THE PRESENT AND PROPOSED STREET

TO OF TO

STRUCTURES IMMEDIATELY THE SHOPPING AREA

PRIVATE WILL

SPACE DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNT FOR THE LIONS SHARE OF

THE APPROXIMATELY STREET ANTICIPATED

6900000

TOTAL

FROM AUTOMOBILE

THE

PEDESTRIAN

SYSTEM AND FROM TRANSIT

SYSTEM THESE ARE PROPOSED TO BE ELIMINATED THE TOTAL REDUCTION OF SPACES ADDS UP
TO

THE DOWNTOWN MAIN MAIL AND RETAIL SALA

ADDITIONAL

DOWNTOWN

STOPSTOTHEALLWEATHERPEDESTRIAN SYSTEM

15000

CURRENT RETAIL SALES DOWNTOWN ARE

PROPERTY TAXES ANNUALLY NEW OFFICE ACCOUNTS FOR PRIVATE GREAT

CURRENT COSTS OF THESE SPACES AT

BASED ON
THE

GREATLY

INCREASED THE IMPACT

TODAYS PRICES WOULD BE ABOUT

YEAR IF THE MERCHANTS PROPERTY QWNERSAND
SI CITY

AT

ABOUT

40

MILLION

PREPONDERANCE POSSIBLY AS MUCH
AS

80

OF

THESE TAXES THEREFORE

OWNTOWNACCESSIBILITY
RAPID TRANSIT LINES IN

70
PER
RATES

MILLION

AT

AN AVERAGE

OF

3500
UP

TAKE STEPS ENVISIONED
WILL RISE TO

IN

THE

ON
THE

SPACE AS
WILL

COSTS WILL GO

PLAN SALES
TO

BETWEEN

200

AGAIN IT SHOULD BE STRESSED THAT ONE OF THE MAIN PURPOSES OF THE RAPID
TRANSIT

DOWNTOWN WILL
FOLLOWING INCREASED
OF

RESULT

NECESSARILY ALSO RISE MIDLAND COSTS PER

220

MILLION
ITS

AS DOWNTOWN

THE MALL AND PARKING

ACTIOES

PROPOSED
THIS

IS

TO

CREATE THE CLIMATE

THE MARINE
RETAIL

ATTRACTS

SHARE OF REGIONAL

ENVIRONMENT
IN

AND INVESTMENT

MARKET POTENTIAL

BETWEEN

AND

13
OF

SPACE ARE HIGHER THAN
MIDLAND
WILL

3500

AND

RETAIL

SALES GROWTH
STREET

WHICH

NEW PRIVATE

OFFICE

BECAUSE
PEOPLE

THE ARRANGEMENT IS THAT MARINE

THE DOWNTOWN MAIN

MALL

DEVELOPMENT CAN TAKE PLACE CONCLUSION
THAT THE CITY ADMINISTRATION AND OTHER LEADERSHIP GROUPS IRT THE
OR

INCREASED NIIMBERS

ABSORB ALL COSTS OVER

DOWNTOWN
REDUCTION
OF

LONG TERM PARKING

WHAT THE USER CHARGESSUPPORT THEREFORE THE USE OF CITY BONDS CONVENIENCE
THE CITY
ITSELF

AND THE PROPOSED SUBWAY ARE KEY ELEMENTS IN MAKING THIS 60 TO

IS

80 28

MILLION

GROWTH POSSIBLE
THAT

IT

IS

DEMAND BY 3500

THAT

DOES NOT COST

SPACES

ESTIMATED INCREASE

THE MALL ALONE WILL

10
TRAFFIC

ANYTHING

PRESENT SALES BY

20

DECREASE IN PEAK HOUR ON THE DOWNTOWN STREET

AT THE RATE OF THE CITY
MILLION WILL

1000 SPACES

MILLION
IS

YEAR
TO

NEW DEPARTMENT
IN

DOWNTOWN MUST SUPPLY THE IMPETUS IN MOBILIZING DOWNTOWN FOR ACTION
IS IS

SYSTEM MARKED INCREASES AND CONVENIENCE
IN

PUT UP BONDS OF YEAR ON EITHER

STORE

PROPOSED
THIS

PRESENT

AXIOMATIC

BUT

IF

THAT

LEADERSHIP

LAFAYETTE SQUARE BOTH TO TAKE

SERVICE

REVENUE

OR

NODOWNPAYMENT BASIS
MIDLAND

ADVANTAGE OF
WILL

POTENTIAL

AND

TO THAT

SUPPLIED THE REWARDS FOR BUFFALO WILL BE GREAT THROUGH CONCERTED PROGRAM INVOLVING
COST TO THE CITY LEADERSHIP
RELATIVELY
LITTLE

HELP GENERATE THE ENVIRONMENT

ACTUALLY MARINE PARKING

HAS SPACES ACCOUNT FOR

MAKE
IN

IT

POSSIBLE

THE

TOTAL

EXCEPT IN TERMS OF
OF

ALREADY ACCOUNTED FOR 560

COSTS

CURRENT 1970

DOLLARS OF THE

THE BASIC CONCEPT OF THE MOVEMENT SYSTEM IS BALANCE BETWEEN MASS
TRANSIT

AND WHEN COMPLETE

WILL

MALL ARE

85

MILLION

THESE
MILLION

TOTAL

1500

OF

THE

AND THE AUTOMOBILE
OF

ADDITION

20000 SPACES IN 1800 MORE SPACES ARE

COSTS CAN BE SUPPORTED INCREASE
RETAIL

OF ONLY

12

BY AN
IN

THE CURRENT IMAGE DOWNTOWN CAN BE REVERSED PLEASANT AND EXCITING PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT ESTABLISHED

UNDER SERIOUS CONSIDERATION
CITY

EG

SALES TAX

08

NEW AND

INCREASE

THE PARKING ELEMENT
PROPOSES

THE PLAN

COURT

RAMP
THAT

AND ANOTHER
PLANNING

OVER PRESENT SALES AND ONLY
OF

20
60

FAVORABLE CLIMATE FOR INVESTMENT CREATED AND THE TAX PICTURE RADICALLY ALTERED

20000 NEW PARKING

1000 SPACES
IT

ARE IN EARLY

THE ANTICIPATED
IN

INCREASE
IT

OF

II

SPACES IN STRUCTURES OVER THE NEXT 20 YEARS OR 1000 SPACES YEAR
THIS REPRESENTS
OF

IS

EVIDENT

DOWNTOWNS
IS

MILLION

1970

DOLLARS

SHOULD BE

ACHIEVEMENT AHEAD
OF

RATE

ALREADY WELL

NOTED THAT THESE FIGURES DO NOT INCLUDE INCREASES IN EITHER COSTS OR REVENUES
RESULTING

NET ADDITION

OF

THE NECESSARY

PACE

OF

SPACES
OF

ONLY

18

5000

AN INCREASE

1000 NEW SPACES

FROM PRICE

PER YEAR

ESCALATIONS OR INFLATION

OVER THE PRESENT STOCK

II

THE REGIONAL CONTEXT DOWNTOWN
BUFFALO LIES AT

THE
AT

EASTERN END OF LAKE

ERIE

THE
IT

ENTRANCE TO THE NIAGARA

RIVER

WAS

IN

ITS

EARLY

HISTOR
POINT TO

THE MAJOR

TRANSSHIPMENT

AND FROM CANAL

THE WEST ON THE LAKES AND WAS THE JUNCTION
FIRST

WITH THE ERIE

AND

LATER

WITH THE RAILROADS SUBSEQUENTLY
OF

HEAVY
TO

INDUSTRY

THE NORTH

AND SOUTH

GREW WHAT IS
USED REDUCE

MANUFACTURERS NOWDOWNTOWN
THIS

GEOGRAPHICAL

POINT

TO

CIA

NCE
MALL

HIGH

BULKLOW VALUE RAW MATERIALS
FROM THE WEST INTO HIGH

SHIPPED

VALUELOW BULK PRODUCTS TO BE SHIPPED EAST THE STEEL AND GRAIN
PRODUCTS INDUSTRIES ARE EXAMPLES

AS

CONSEQUENCE OF THIS HISTORY DOWNTOWN IS LOCATED ASYM
METRICALLY TO

THE URBANIZED THIS
FACT

AREA OF

THE REGION

HAS BOTH

ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES THE POTENTIAL AMENITY OF PROXIMITY

STADIUM

TO

THE LAKE
IS

IS

AN ASSET WHICH CAN
EXPLOITED
POSITION POSITION

MIA

BE AND
OTHER

BEING
ITS

ON
IT

THE
IN

HAND

PUTS
TO

SOMEWHAT WEAK
POTENTIAL
RETAIL

TAP

MARKETS THIS CAN BE OVERCOME BY
CURRENT AND
FACILITIES

DISADVANTAGE IMPROVING
TO

DOWNTOWNS ACCESSIBILITY

THE REGION

PROPOSED TRANSPORTATION
WILL

IMPROVE

ITS

POSITION

LAKE

ONTARIO

OA

PROPOSED MAJOR REGIONAL

DEVELOPMENTS

BUILDING

LIFE

EXPECTANCY

THOSE AREAS IN DOWNTOWN BUFFALO WHERE DEVELOPMENT MIGHT OCCUR WITH THE LEAST COST AND LEAST

RN

DISRUPTION

OF IMPORTANT ACTIVITIES BY THE

WERE DETERMINED
INVESTIGATION CHARACTERISTICS ACTIVITIES OF
ALL

OF THE PHYSICAL

AND FUNCTIONA
BUILDINGS
INVESTIGATION

THE WAS

PURPOSE OF
TO

THIS

DESCRIBE

THOSE AREAS WHERE OCCUR WITH

NEW DEVELOPMENT COULD
LEAST

DISRUPTION

TO EXISTING

ACTIVITIES

AND WHERE LAND COULD BE
AT RELATIVELY

ASSEMBLED
ALL

LOW COST WERE

NONRESIDENTIAL

BUILDINGS
OF

EVALUATED

ON THE BASIS

THE

FOLLOWING CRITERIA

EXISTING

STRUCTURES

EXISTING

GLYONS

4W

YR
141

LONGRANGE GIVENS MIDDLERANGE
COMMITTED FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS EXISTING

III
GIVENS AND FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
OTI

GI

DEVELOPMENT

PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT

PHYSICAL

CHARACTERISTICS
CHARACTERISTICS
IN

THE PHYSICAL
CONSIDERED

EVALUATING THE
ALL IN

LIFE

THE BUILDINGS EXPECTANCY DOWNTOWN PROJECT AREA WERE
OF

MAJOR
BUILDING BUILDING
HISTORIC

CRITERIA

HEIGHT SIZE VALUE

NUMBER OF

STORIES

GROSS SQUARE FEET

OTHER CONSIDERATIONS HIGH BUILDINGS

BEING

EQUAL

AND

LARGE

BUILDINGS

ARE MORE RESISTANT LOW BUILDINGS

TO CHANGE THAN AND SMALL BUILDINGS
LIFE

AND

THEREFORE HAVE GREATER
HISTORIC

EXPECTANCY
CONSIDERED THUS JUDGED

BUILDINGS ARE VALUABLE TO THE CITY AND
RESISTANT TO

CHANGE

MINOR
ENCLOSED

CRITERIA

FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION ELEVATORS

BUILDING AGE VISUAL IMPORTANCE
ARCHITECTURAL

SIGNIFICANCE
OF

THE EVALUATION
111111

EACH

BUILDING

BY

II ID

THESE CRITERIA
FOR

PROVIDED

THE BASIS
LIFE

LIII
DLIII

DETERMINING
BUILDING

THE EXPECTED AND
ITS

OF

EACH
TO

SUSCEPTIBILITY

CHANGE
FUNCTIONAL CHARACTERISTICS FUNCTION OF EACH

LJL

THE
BASIS

ACTIVITY

STRUCTURE OF

WAS EVALUATED ON THE
ITS

IMPORTANCE

TO

THE

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO AREA AND ON
ITS

EXPECTED

LIFE

IN

THE PARTICULAR

STRUCTURE THIS BASIS
OF

WAS DONE ON THE
SURVEY OF

DETAILED

DOWNTOWN ACTIVITIES
FACTORS USED
IN

THIS

EVALUATION

WERE AS FOLLOWS
EVALUATION OF FUNCTIONS
OFFICIALS

AND

USES BY CITY

NUMBERS OF PEOPLE EMPLOYED
ACTIVITIES

IMPORTANT

TO THE

ECONOMIC BASE UNIQUE
ACTIVITIES

SPECIALTY
INSTITUTIONAL

SHOPS USES

PARKING

FACILITIES OF
IT

SUITABILITY

BUILDING

FOR

THE

USE OCCUPYING

GENERAL AREAS OF

NEW DEVELOPMENT

OPPORTUNITIES

DOWNTOWN DEVELOPMENT
OPPORTUNITIES

160

160

II
REGION HAS
RELATIVELY

HE

BUFFALO

IM
ASG6ONSL

ROW GROWTH RATE COMPARED TO OTHER REGIONS IN THE COUNTRY NEVERTHELESS

MANY
INTO

WHEN TRANSLATED
THE DOWNTOWN

OJO

II

SOMEWHAT CONSERVATIVE POSSIBLE
CAPTURE RATE FOR RESULTS
POTENT
AL

CONSIDERABLE
FOR

EXPANSION 60 262
220 139 173

DOWNTOWN THIS

POTENTALCOULDEASILYRESULTIN DOUBL NG OF THE PRESENT FLOOR AREA

80

DOWNTOWNBETWEEN 1970
1990 THE
ILUSTRATIONS

AND

DOWNTOWN

ON

THIS

PAGE
ISSO

DEMONSTRATE GRAPHICALLY THE GREAT

WE

IEEO

IGGO

WE
PROJECTED

IGEO

BEE

JI

GROWTH THAT EXISTS FOR DOWNTOWN THE PROBLEM IS NOT
POTENTIAL

FOR

PROJECTED

RETAIL

SALES 197090

HETHER DOWNTOWN WILL

GROWBUT

PROJECTED OFFICE AND CLERICAL EMPLOYMENT 197090

GOVERNMENTAL

EMPLOVMENT 197090

HOWTHE DOWNTOWN CAN BE
DESIGNED
TO

ENVIRONMENT
ITS

PRODUCE AN WHICH WILL MAXIMIZE
60THOIMAND
ENMLOVEES 14 MIECRI SAUSRE FEET

GROWTH

RE
12 INCREASE

600 432

IQ

400

ID
11

300

II

1FI
II
II

ULI

II

J200 II

LI
100 EI

II

LI

II

II
PROJECTED EMPIJWMENT 197090

2DL
EMPLO 197090
OPPORTUNITIES

SR 197090

II

DOWNTOWNDEVELOPMENT
II
II

DESIGN PRINCIPLES AND DYNAMICS PLAN THE BASIC
TO FACILITIES PRINCIPLE OF

THE PLAN
IN

IS

USE PUBLIC INVESTMENTS
IN

PUBLIC

CONNECTED

MUTUALLY

SUPPORTIVE ENVIRONMENT

WAY TO PRODUCE AN
AND INVESTMENT
TO
IN

CLIMATE CONDUCIVE
PRIVATE

LARGE

SCALE

INVESTMENT

THE DOWNTOWN
TAX

AND THUS IMPROVE
BASE
PUBLIC
IN

THE CITYS

INVESTMENT

WILL

BE PRIMARILY

THE

AREA OF TRANSPORTATION AND
TO

MOVEMENT SYSTEMS THESE ARE BE DESIGNED AND LOCATED TO PRODUCE
FACILITIES

CONTINUOUS
OF

AND

SEQUENTIAL CHAIN

EVENTS AND ALLOW PEOPLE TO DESTINATIONS SAFE

WHICH

WILL THEIR

EXPRESSWAYS SERVE DOWNTOWN

MASS TRANSIT SERVES DOWNTOWN

GO
IN

TO

AND FROM

CONVENIENT COHERENT

PLEASANT

VISUALLY

WAY
OF

THE BASIC ELEMENTS

THE

MOVEMENT SYSTEM ARE RAPID TRANSIT
RAIL
IS

SUBWAY
IT

RAPID OF

TRANSIT

LINE

MAJOR FEATURE
IS

THE DOWNTOWN REDUCE

PLAN

INTENDED

TO

AUTOMOBILE

TRAFFIC TO

DOWNTOWN
FIRST

PROVIDE AT TRANSIT ENTRANCE
INSTALLATION INTO

STOPS AN EXCITING THE

DOWNTOWN THE
SYSTEM
IS

OF THE

BUFFALOAMHERST LINE
THE SYSTEM
IS

ULTIMATELY

PROPOSED TO BE
OF THE

COMPLETED BY THE ADDITION KENMOREAIRPORT LINE HIGHWAYS

EXPRESSWAYS FEED INTO PARKING STRUCTURES

MASS TRANSIT SERVES

THE MALL AND MAJOR USES

THE HIGHWAY AND EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM MAXIMIZES ACCESS TO DOWNTOWN AND ALLOWS THE RELATIVELY
SMALL NUMBER OF DRIVERS WISHING
TO

BYPASS
ELM AND

DOWNTOWN TO DO SO

EASILY

DEPRESSED EXPRESSWAY BETWEEN

OAK STREETS
IN

ORIGINALLY FRONTIER

PROPOSED EXAMINED

THE NIAGARA
IS

TRANSPORTATION STUDY

BEING

RE

THE CONSULTANTS
SURFACE FACILITY

RECOMMEND
PARKING

NEW PARKING

STRUCTURES BUILT TO

KEEP PACE WITH

DEMAND FOR SPACE
IT

ARE TO BE LOCATED TO INTERCEPT TRAFFIC BEFORE DOWNTOWNBOUND PENETRATES THE DOWNTOWN STREET

NETWORK

PARKING STRUCTURES

FEED

INTO

THE MALL

THE

MALL CONNECTS

NEW PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT

THE PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT SYSTEM AND THE MAIN STREET MALL THE KEY ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURE OF THE DOWNTOWN MOVEMENT SYSTEM IT IS THE MAIN IS THE MALL
CONNECTIVE
TRANSIT
OFT

ONE OF
PLAN
IS

THE CENTRAL
TO

OBJECTIVES

OF

THE

ESTABLISH

NEW LAND

USE

PATTERNS AND STRENGTHEN EXISTING OF ONES NOT THROUGH SPECIFICATION

WHAT USES WILL GO ON WHAT SITES BUT BY GUIDANCE OF THE MARKET MECHANISM BY PRUDENT PUBLIC
RATHER

ELEMENT

PARKING

BETWEEN RAPID SHOPPING AND
FOR

CES AS WELL AS FORMING THE

INVESTMENT

THERE
IN

IS

FOR

EXAMPLE
OF

MAJOR CIVIC
THE

PLACE

PEDESTRIANS

NO UP

INTENTION PROHIBITION

THE PLAN OF SETTING
OR SPECIFICATION

CITY BUILDINGS

CERTAIN

USES ON CERTAIN

SITES

BUT TO

NEW PRIVATE
NTO

WOULD TIE

3SYS

EM

THE PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT IN ORDER TO PRESERVE
IN

ON THE MARKET TO DETERMINE THE APPROPRIATE USES THE USES
RELY

SHOWN ON VARIOUS
TO RESTRICT

SITES

IN

THE INTENDED

CONT NUITY

THE DOWNTOWN

SUCCEEDING PAGES ARE
DEVELOPERS PROPOSING

NOT

PEDESTRIAN SYSTEM

FROM

EXISTING

FUNCTIONAL

AREAS AND

ALTERNATE

AND CARRYING OUT USES BUT RATHER TO REFLECT
TO

FUTURE PREDOMINANT LAND USE PATTERNS

WHAT WOULD APPEAR
MARKETABLE

BE

USES FOR THOSE SITES INTENDED ALLOW
TO

DOWNTOWNIS PRESENTLY CHARACTER SOMEWHAT DISCONNECTED ZED BY
AND TH SCONTINOUS PATTERN
APPLIES STREET PARTICULARLY OF TO

THE PLAN
FLEXIBLE

IS

BE HIGHLY
TO

TO

MANY ACTIVITIES
TO OF

USES

OCCUR IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA
TO

THE

BE HIGHLY RESPONSIVE

MAN

LAFAYETTE

CORE SQUARE GENESEE
SHOPPING
STREETS THE
IN

PARTICULAR STREET

DEVELOPERS SENSE

AND THE DIVISION DE BREAKS SHOPPING

INTRODUCE
OF THE

WHAT IS MARKETABLE AND TO PROVIDE FRAMEWORKWITHIN WHICH MANY
OPPORTUNITIES ARE POSSIBLE

CONTINUITY

FRONTAGE IN

MAIN

STREET EXISTING

DOWNTOWN FRAME USES SUCH AS DEPARTMENT STORE WAREHOUSES AND
OTHER SERVICE ACTIVITIES

PREDOMINANT LAND

US

PREEMPT
SITES

MPORTANT AND VALUABLE ADD TONALLY
FO

AND

REDUCE THE POTENTIAL
STREET

AN INVITING
TING

QUALITY THUS

JI

NH

DEVELOPMENT
IN

PUB SYS
REAL

INVESTMENT

THE MOVEMENT

RETAIL OFFICES

AND OFFICE CORE

EM WILL HOWEVER PRODUCE
OF

GNMENT WH CH AT PRESENT SEEM UNDESIRABLE
DEVELOPMENT WILL BECOME HIGHLY ATTRACTIVE IN THE FUTURE
TO

VALUES SO THAT SITES

ENTERTAINMENT HOTEL VISITOR

RETAIL FACILITIES

MIXED USES OFFICES
RESIDENTIAL RESIDENTIAL

SERVICES

TI

THE FUTURE PATTERN OF LAND USES WILL BE MUCH MORE COMPACT AND WILL TEND TO REALIGN
RAT ITSELF

GOVERNMENTAL
INSTITUTIONAL RELIGIOUS

II

ALONG MORE

ONAL LINES

AS

RESULT OF TO

AN

EDUCATIONAL HEALTH
RESIDENTIALLY RELATED

NTEGRATED

APPROACH
IN

PUBLIC
OF

COMMERCIAL WAREHOUSING
WHOLESALING DISTRIBUTION SERVICES

NVESTMENT

ELEMENTS

THE

II

MOVEMENT SYSTEM

II

II

11

PREDOMINANT LAND USE CONCEPT PLAN

II

VWW
EF

III

RAPID TRANSIT AND THE MALL

TWO UNES ARE PROPOSED FOR
REGIONAL PUBLIC
RAIL

RAPID

TRANSIT

SYSTEM

RAIL

SYSTEM

HAS THE
AIR

ADVANTAGES OF MINIMIZING AND MAXIMIZING POLLUTION
HOUR CAPACITY
IN

PEAK

THE DOWNTOWNIT

CAN BE IN SUBWAY IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA WHICH ALLOWS THE POSSIBILITY
OF

DESIGNING

MAXIMUM AMENITY
MALL FURTHER
IT

INTO

THE MAIN STREET

ALLOWS THE LINE TO BE DESIGNED PART OF THE MALL

AS

THE

FUTURE

SECOND LINE

THE

KENMOREAIRPORT LINE WOULD CROSS THE BUFFALOAMHERST LINE IN WHAT IS

NOW LAFAYETTE SQUARE
THE STOPS ON BOTH
THE FIVE
LINES

SERVE

MAJOR CLUSTERS OF ACTIVITIES IN THE DOWNTOWN NORTH MAIN STREET LAFAYETTE SQUARE SOUTH MAIN

STREETCATHEDRAL THE COMMUNITY COLLEGE AND THE GOVERNMENTCENTER THE MALL
OF
WILL

STRETCH

FROM JUST NORTH
TO

CHIPPEWA STREET MALL ON THE SOUTH
EXTENSIONS

MAIN

PLACE

IT

WILL

HAVE

EAST AND WEST ON HURON

STREET COURT STREET LAFAYETTE SQUARE AND EAGLE STREET THE EXTENSIONS CONVENTION
WILL

CONNECT TO THE
OFFSTREET

CENTER MAJOR
LOBBIES

PARKING FACILITIES CENTER BUILDING

THE TRANSPORTATION AND STORES

THE

MA

WILL

BE
FACILITY

COVERED HEATED AND

ALLWEATHER

MW
3U

AIRCONDITIONED THREE SUBWAY STOPS WILL BE WITHIN THE MALL ITSELF

TWO ON THE
THEATER

BUFFALOAMHERST LINE

EDW

BETWEEN CHIPPEWA AND HURON STREETS AND LAFAYETTE SQUARE WHICH ALSO WILL BE STOP ON THE KENMOREAIRPORT
1113 LINE

1118

TOTAL

877

TOTAL

877

WORK
TRANSIT

300

501

TRIPS

520

702

THE

PUBLIC

DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK
TRANSIT TRANSIT LINE LINE TRANSIT STATION

TRANSIT

AND THE

PRIVATE AUTO

439

528

SHOPPER TIIPS

357

411

MALL

NFTA PROPOSED RAPID
POTENTIAL FUTURE

600 WALKING RADIUS

MODE
197

1970

1990

PURPOEE 1970

IWO

RAPID
FUII

10

BUS ROUTES WITH

RAPID TRANSIT

SYSTEM

MAIN

STREET

MAIL

1990

PERS TRIPSDAYOOO

RETAIL

SPACE
MAJOR
FOR RETAIL
IT

THE MALL REPRESENTS
INVESTMENT INVESTORS PROVIDES
IN

OPPORTUNITY

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO
FACILITY

WHICH

TIES

TOGETHER THE DOWNTOWN RETAILING FUNCTION
GSFLSSS

OF DISCONTINUITY TO

OVERCOMING THE DISABILITIES AND VULNERABILITY SHOPPING

WEATHERPRESENTLY CHARACTERIZING

DOWNTOWN AS ENVIRONMENT MASS
TRANSIT

CONSOLIDATES

THE

ENVIRONMENT

BY PROVIDING DOWNTOWN FROM DISTANT REGION

PRODUCED BY THE MALL FAST EASY ACCESS TO
PARTS OF

THE

AS WELL AS THE CLOSEIN

AREAS OF THE CITY

THE

QUALITIES

AND AMENITIES
WILL

PRODUCED BY THESE FEATURES
VASTLY POSITION

IMPROVE
OF

THE COMPETITIVE

DOWNTOWN WITH
IN

RESPECT TO OTHER INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES THE REGION OPPORTUNITIES
IN

WUU

RETAIL

INVESTMENT

THE DOWNTOWN AREA ASSOCIATED THE MALL ARE SHOWN IN THE THE LEFT
IT

WITH
AT

MAP

IS

IMPORTANT TO
THAT

UNDERSTAND

THOSE AREAS SHOWN

AS OPPORTUNITY AREAS DO NOT
THAT EXISTING FACILITIES

MEAN

WOULD
BUT THAT

NECESSARILY

BE REPLACED
THE IMPROVED

BECAUSE

OF

ENVIRONMENT INCREASED
ACTIVITY WILL

RETAIL

SALES
TO

INDUCE
IN

IMPROVEMENTS
THE AREAS
WILL

OCCUR PRIMARILY

DESIGNATED THESE CHANGES HAPPEN MAINLY AS
ACTION ACTION
RATHER RESULT OF

MARKET

THAN GOVERNMENTAL

22 2O

TO

1970 POTENTIAL
TOTAL RETAIL

SPACE
22 08 03

197090
MINION

1990

FT

MAC
PRIVATE

NEW DEMAND
REPLACEMENT

INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES
OPPORTUNITY

RETAIL
EXIATING TO

REMAIN

11

O

RETAIL INVESTMENT

AREA

MAN

STREET MALL

SPACE DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM 197090
RETAIL

JILL

STREETS AND PARKING

CHANGES

IN

THE DOWNTOWN

ENVIRONMENT

BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE MALL AND MASS
TRANSIT IN TO WILL

BE REINFORCED
PATTERN

BY CHANGES

THE STREET

AND ADDITIONS SUPPLY THE
FACILITIES

THE OFFSTREET PARKING
OF

PRIMARY PURPOSE
IS

THESE

TO

SERVE DOWNTOWNACTIVITIES
INTENTION
IS

THE

TO AVOID

THE
TO

TENDENCY FOR
OBLITERATE THE

TRAFFIC

IMPROVEMENTS

VERY USES THEY ARE
IT

MEANT TO SERVE IT DOES NOT MAKE EASY AND CONVENIENT FOR ALL POSSIBLE MOVEMENT
TO

OCCUR

IN

DOWNTOWN
IS
IT

CROSSTOWNTHROUGH
EXPECTED
DRIVERS THAT

TRAFFIC

CONFINED TO TWO CHANNELS THE THROUGH

IS TRIP

GO AROUND DOWNTOWN AND THOSE BOUND TO DOWNTOWN
WILL

WILL

BE SIPHONED OFF INTO PARKING STRUCTURES PRIOR TO PENETRATING DEEPLY
INTO

THE CORE AREA STREET
IS

SYSTEM THIS PRINCIPLE PRODUCE TRAFFICFREE
PRECINCT
IN

USED TO

PEDESTRIAN

THE

RETAIL

CORE

THE ELMOAK EXPRESSWAY AS
ORIGINALLY FRONTIER

PROPOSED IN
TRANSPORTATION
FOR

THE

NIAGARA

STUDY

PROVIDES

THROUGH TRAFFIC

AN EXCESS CAPACITY FOR AN ATGRADE FACILITY
LESS COST

MIGHT SERVE AS WELL WITH
TO

THE PUBLIC
STRUCTURES

PARKING

HAVE BEENSHOWN
TO

ON LOCATIONS HIS
VALUE SUGGESTED

PERIPHERAL

HIGH

ORD SITES

THESE ARE
FOR FUTURE

LOCATIONS TO DEMONSTRATE
PRINCIPLE

THE LOCATIONAL

GA

PARKING

SUPPLY

TOTAL

325

NEW PWY
TO

280

ES

DEMAND

45

STREET

181

RAMPS

50

PUBLIC
LIMITED

DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK STREETS AND PARKING
ACCESS EXPRESSWAYS
LOCAL STREETS PARKING FACILITIES OFTSTREET STREETS

WEGALETC

STREET LOTS

80

MAJOR ARTERIALS 12
COILECTORDISTRIBUTOR

IARRING

PACES UUUSJ

NEW OFFICE SPACE
SITES FOR

NEW OFFICE

BUILDINGS

IN

THE DOWNTOWN ARE SHOWN
IN FOUR

CLUSTERING

MAJOR AREAS NORTH MAIN STREET CENTRAL MAIN STREET SOUTH MAIN STREET AND AROUND CITY HALL
IN THIS

AREA

NEW OFFICE
IS

BUILDING TO

DEVELOPMENT
PREDOMINANTLY
IT

EXPECTED

BE

GOVERNMENTAL
THAT

IS

EXPECTED

THE MARKET WILL
OF SPECIFIC

GOVERN THE LOCATION

SITES

THE REASON FOR SHOWING LOCATIONS IS TO DEMONSTRATE THAT VISUALLY
COHERENT DESIGN POSSIBLE EXPEDIENT
FOR

DOWNTOWN IS

DEVELOPERS
TO

MAY FIND
SPECIFIC

IT

DO SOMETHING ELSE
OF

UNDER THE
SITUATION

DICTATES

BUT THE PLAN SHOWS THAT
SITE

THE OPPORTUNITY EXISTS
RELATING

CAN BE

THE BUILDING

TO

DOWNTOWN PEDESTRIAN
LOCATION OF

SYSTEM

THE

NEW GOVERNMENTAL
THIS TREND

FOLLOWS THE TREND SET BY BUILDINGS

HAS BEGUN

TO

ESTABLISH

MAJOR
IN

GOVERNMENT CENTER DOWNTOWN INCLUDING FEDERAL COUNTY AND
CITY

FUNCTIONS

30

GLONAI GPII

UIUIII
POTENTIAL OFFICE

SPACE 197090

AA

II
OFFICES
OFFICE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

OTYOF BUFFALO

ERIE

COUNTY

IE

PUBLIC
PRIVATE

AND PRIVATE INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES
OR PUBLIC

GO

1970 FEDERAL

80

90

NEW TBRK
MAIN STREET MALL

STATE

PROJECTED GOVERNMENTAL OFFICE

SPACE 197090

CONVENTION CENTER COMMUNITY COLLEGE HOTELS HOUSING
TRANSPORTATION

CENTER
ACTIVITIES

NUMBER
PLANNED
TO
ITS

OF

SPECIAL

ARE

IN

DOWNTOWN APPROPRIATE
AS THE REGIONAL CENTER AS WITH MOST

ROLE

THE BASIC OBJECTIVE
OF

THE OTHER DOWNTOWN ELEMENTS
OF

CAPABLE
OF

RESPONSE
IS

TO

THE INITIATIVE
IN

PUBLIC

POLICY

TO

ASSEMBLE

DOWNTOWN

GROUP OF ACTIVITIES
ITS

AND

FUNCTIONS WHICH REINFORCE

STRENGTH AS THE CULTURAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE CENTER OF THE REGION

ONE
EMS
IS

OF

THE MOST IMPORTANT OF THESE

THE PROPOSED CONVENTION CENTER TO BE LOCATED IN THE BLOCK BOUNDED BY COURT FRANKLIN PEARL STREETS THIS
OFFERS STATLER

MOHAWKAND
STRATEGIC TO LOCATION

IMMEDIATE ACCESS

THE

HOTEL THE COURT STREET PARKING RAMP THE MALL AND THE

MASS

TRANSIT

SYSTEM
SITED

THE NEW COMMUNITY COLLEGE
IN

THE SOUTH MAIN STREET
TO

AREA IS

AN IMPORTANT ADDITION
ITS

DOWNTOWN
ALLOW COURSE

CONVENIENT

LOCATION

WILL

AFTER

HOURS AND EVENING

STUDIES TO BE PURSUED BY THE

DOWNTOWN WORK POPULATION WORK FORCE LARGEST SINGLE
CONCENTRATION IN THE REGION

THE

CONVERSELY WORKSTUDY COURSE ARRANGEMENTS CAN BE MOST EASILY ACCOMMODATED
FULLTIME
IN THIS LOCATION FOR

COMMUNITY COLLEGE STUDENTS THE CONVENIENT ADJACENT
STOP ON THE MASS TRANSIT
SIGNIFICANTLY

SYSTEM

WILL

REDUCE PARKING

DEMAND AND HELP REDUCE TRAFFIC VOLUMES ON THE HIGHWAY SYSTEM NEWHOTELDEMANDWILLBEGENERATED
BY THE CONVENTION
HAS DECLINED YEARS
IN

CENTER THE ROOMS
IN

INVENTORY OF AVAILABLE HOTEL
SIGNIFICANTLY

RECENT OF
STRICT

DOWNTOWN BECAUSE

CODE ENFORCEMENT THIS DEMAND
FOR HOTEL RESULT HOTELS
IN

SPACE IS EXPECTED TO TWO OR THREE FIRSTRATE DOWNTOWN BY 1980
OF

IN

AS THE

REVITALIZATION
IT

DOWNTOWN
ATTRACTIVE

OCCURS
OF
111111

WILL

BECOME AN
INCREASING
TO

PLACE TO LIVE

NUMBERS SEEK
LIVING

PEOPLE WILL BEGIN
IN

SPACE

APARTMENTS OR REHABILITATED HOUSING IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA

SPECIAL

ACTIVITIES

IN

THE REGIONAL

CENTER
PUBLIC FACILITIES

BUILT

NEW TRANSPORTATION CENTER BETWEEN THE ELMOAK

IS

TO

BE

HOTELMOTEL DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMERCIALENTERTAINMENT 14 DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITY

EXPRESSWAY AND THE MALL ON THE NORTH BLOCK BOUNDED BY ELLICOTT OAK AND CLINTON STREETS DIVISION

RESIDENTIAL

DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITY

II

ERIE

COUNTY

47

1970 HOTEL

1980

1990

AND MOTEL UNIT

PROJECTIONS

197090
TOTAL

1990

42 THOUSAND

UNITS

II

EXISTING

TO

REMAIN

12

HOTEL

AND MOTEL DEVELOPMENT

PROGRAM

197090

PRESENT
THE
PROFILE

SKYLINE
OF

THE DOWNTOWN TAKEN LOOKING EAST BY THE RISING MIDLAND

THROUGH MAIN STREET
IS

BEING

TRANSFORMED
OF AT

STRUCTURE

THE MARINE

BUILDING

MAIN AND SWAN STREETS
IT

AT 40 STORIES
STRUCTURE

WILL

BE THE

TALLEST

ON THE NIAGARA FRONTIER

OC
VI

FUTURE
THE
OF FUTURE

SKYLINE
SKYLINE WILL SEE CLUSTERS
OFFICE

HIGH

RISE

BUILDINGS
STREET TO WITH

DEVELOP ALONG MAIN
CONCENTRATIONS
JUST

THE NORTH OF
AT

THE BUFFALO SAVINGS

BANK
IN

LAFAYETTE SQUARE AND MIDLAND AREA

THE MARINE

MU

NOISIVID HCRUHC NOISIVID
NAWS

AC EN E S

EGNAHCXE YN YAWURHT

ETATS

TTOCS

YRREP

OLAFFUB REVIR

NOISIVID HCRUHC NOISIVID

NAWS

AC EN E S

EGNAHCXE ETATS YAWURHT
YN

TTOCS

YRREP

OLAFFUB REVIR

MAIN

STREET MALL

POLICY STATEMENT BY THE MALL COMMITTEE THERE
IS

THE COMMITTEE STUDIED
OF IN

CAREFULLY STRUCTURE

PLANNING

AND

BUIRDING
IT

OF

THE MALL

PRINCIPLES

AND OBJECTIVES
IS

THE PLANS FOR THE PHYSICAL THE MALL AS PREPARED

AND
IT

TO

MANAGE

AFTER

COMPLETION

THE MALL DESIGN
PRINCIPLE

ONLY ONE REALISTIC
FOR RETAILING ACTIVITIES TO

BY THE
OF

UNDER THE
IS

CONSULTANTS

THE

RELATIONSHIP TO

CONTRACT WITH THE CITY ALSO SUGGESTED THAT THE

THAT
IS

IF

AN ENTIRELY

BASED ON THE NEW

ENVIRONMENT THE
RETAIL

CREATED DOWNTOWN

ALTERNATIVE

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO THAT IS
CONTINUE
TO

MALL TO EXISTING

BUILDINGS

BE SUCCESSFUL

DOWNTOWN MUST BE PREPARED TO OFFER TO SHOPPERS AN ENVIRONMENT WHICH NOT ONLY AFFORDS THE AMENITIES AND FEATURES AVAILABLE TO SUBURBAN SHOPPING CENTER PATRONS OF CONVENIENCE EASE OF PARKING AND ACCESS AND COMFORTABLE ALLWEATHER ENVIRONMENT BUT IT MUST AND CAN
OFFER

PROPOSED NEW CONSTRUCTION WITHIN AND OUTSIDE OF THE MALL AND
PARTICULARLY TRANSIT TO

MANAGEMENT OF THE CONVENTION CENTER AND DUAL PROMOTION OF BOTH
THE CONVENTION CENTER AND THE
THIS

GROWTH
OFF

NOW BEING

SIPHONED

TO

REGIONAL SHOPPING

MALL

CENTERS CAN BE RECAPTURED

THE PROPOSED RAPID

BE UNDERTAKEN BY AN OUTSTANDING
FINE

CORPORATION MALL AND TOGETHER WITH SYSTEM

THE DOWNTOWN
OF

FIRST

QUESTION IS

SYSTEM ARE MATTERS OF PRIME
PLANS
ROOF

RETAIL

COURSE WHETHER DOWNTOWN CAN
INVESTMENT
TO

IMPORTANCE THE PRELIMINARY HAVE FLEXIBILITY TO ATTACH THE
OF

CONVENTION

FACILITY RAPID

SUPPORT THE NECESSARY

THE ANTICIPATED SHOULD PROVIDE PROJECTED
IN

TRANSIT

THE MALL
TO

TO EXISTING

BUILDINGS

INCENTIVES

FOR THE

REQUIRED PRODUCE SUCH AN ENVIRONMENT THE ANSWER AFTER EXHAUSTIVE INVESTIGATION
IS

AND

PREMIT DURING

ERECTION OF
OR AFTER

NEW ONES
FINAL

BEFORE

THE MALL

THE

NEW PRIVATE INVESTMENT CBD AS SET FORTH IN THE
MEET

THAT

IT

CAN BE SUPPORTED
PORTION OF THE

BY ALLOCATION
TAX

OF

ABLE

MORE DOWNTOWN INHERENTLY IS TO OFFER ALL OF THE ONEOFAKIND
THAT

CONSTRUCTION

MOST IMPORTANTLY
PLANNING
THE OF

CONSULTANT REPORT THE PARKING
REQUIREMENTS
TO
IN

INCREASED
IF

VARIETY IN

SUBURBAN MALLS ARE NOT
TO

PLANS FOR THE MALL TOGETHER WITH FINAL

WOULD GO FORWARD
THE

REVENUES GAINED
THE

DOWNTOWN

PROJECTED

CAPTURES ONLY THE PRESENT PROPORTIEN
IT

POSITION

GIVE TO THEIR

USERS
ITS

SUBWAY SECTION
THAT

IN

THIS

FEATURE OF DOWNTOWN IN GREAT

CONSTRUCTION

ROLE

SAME AREA SO AND USE MAY BE
COMMITTEE
THE CHAIRMAN

THE OVERALL

CBD CAN

NOWREPRESENTS
AND
OFFICE

OF TOTAL REGIONAL OF

AND SHOULD BE CARRIED OUT BY THE
CITY

RETAIL

SPACE

EXPECTED
IS IS

AS THE CENTER OF METROPOLITAN EXPLOITED
RIGHTFUL THIS

PROPERLY TIED

TOGETHER

THROUGH

ITS

BOARD

OF

PARKING

NEW REGIONAL GROWTHTHIS
REASON TO BELIEVE THAT
SIGNIFICANTLY BETTER
IT

VERY EVERY

UNDER THE
THE FINEST
IN

BUFFALO PLAN OF THE COUNTRY

PARKING

REGION CAN EASILY

BE
ITS

THROUGH
JOINTLY OF

FINANCE

MODEST GOAL INDEED THERE
THAN THIS

CAN DO
IF

TO RESTORE
IT

DOWNTOWN TO
THE FIRM BELIEF THROUGH

APPOINTED

WITH

PLACE

IS

OF

THE TRANSPORTATION

COMMITTEE
THE FINANCING

COMMITTEE

THAT

THE VARIOUS

METHODS SUGGESTED
FOR

THE MALL AND PARKING COMMITTEE BELIEVES THAT THE ADOPTION AND
CARRYING OUT OF THE OBJECTIVES
FORTH
IN

THE

CONCERTED
ITS

ACTION BY THE CITY AND CENTER DOWNTOWN LEADERSHIP
LEVEL OF

BY THE CONSULTANTS
OF

SET

PRODUCED IS MARKEDLY THAN THAT MANAGED MORE ATTRACTIVE
ENVIRONMENT

MALL CONSTRUCTION WERE EXAMINED AND PRACTICALITY
PARTICULAR SET

THE CONSULTANTS

CBD

PLAN

PROMISING AMENITY

PHYSICAL

AS TO THE FEASIBILITY
OF THEIR

ARE ESSENTIAL

TO THE CONTINUED

BY COMPETITIVE CENTERS AGAIN

REGIONAL THIS

SHOPPING OBJECTIVE DOES
TO

INFINITELY

SUPERIOR TO THAT
IN

USE IN THIS

CASE

FOUND ELSEWHERE

THE REGION

CAN

FOR THE

MANY REASONS

FORTH IN

BE PRODUCED IN THE NEXT TEN YEARS THE MALL
IT

THE FINANCE

COMMITTEES
MALL

IMPROVEMENT OF THE DOWNTOWN AREA WHICH IS THE LIFE BLOOD OF THE CITY THE ENVIRONMENT MUST BE FURTHER ENHANCED AND THE
INCREASED
OR TAX

NOT SEEM UNDULY DIFFICULT

WILL

BE

MEMORANDUMOF NOVEMBER
ITS

BASE
FACES

GREATLY

ACCOMPLISH FURTHER IF ACCESS TO DOWNTOWN IS MAXIMIZED THE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE WOULD BE
MAINTAINED
THE VARIETY

II

CENTRAL

FEATURE

WILL

PROVIDE
OF

THE SETTING

FOR

1970 COMMITTEE DETERMINED
THIS

AND PARKING
THAT
IT

MUST BE

DISMAL CHARLES

THE CITY FUTURE

EASILY
OF

PARTICULARLY

SINCE

VARIETY

STORES SHOPS RESTAURANTS
FACILITIES

OFFERED

GOODS AND SERVICES DOWNTOWN IS BOUND TO BE
THAT OFFERED

HOTELS AND OTHER THE PROJECTED

SUCH AS

RECOMMEND THAT
REPAID

THE

MALL

BE
TO

DIEBOLD

ILL

CHAIRMAN

NEW CONVENTION
ON
SCALE AND

CONSTRUCTED WITH CITY

FUNDS

ROBERT LOUIS WILLIAM WILLIAM DAVID WILLIAM HARLAN

ADAM
BERGER GOECHLL HARDER

MORE EXTENSIVE THAN ELSEWHERE THE TYPE COVERED
HEATED
OF FACILITY SKYLIT

FROM FUTURE TAX REVENUES

CENTER AVAILABLE

CONCENTRATION NOT POSSIBLE

BOTH WALLACE

MCHARG ROBERTS AND
ECONOMIC ADVISORS

ENVISIONED

IS

TODD AND
STREET THAT

THEIR

AIRCONDITIONED
IT

AND

ANYWHERE ELSE

IN

THE REGION

THE MEMBERSOF THE MAIN
MALL AND PARKING

LARRY SMITH AND COMPANY PROJECT THE PROPOSED DOWNTOWN

LAUB
SMITH
SWIFT

STRUCTURE
WITH

WILL

BE

LIGHT

AND

AIRY

PLANTING

PAVING

COMMITTEE
REPORT MALL

UNANIMOUSLY ACCEPTED THE PREMISE
CONTAINED
IN

DEVELOPMENT PLAN WILL PROVIDE INCREASED SALES AND PROPERTY TAXES
TO

BENCHES SMALL CONVENIENCE SHOPS ADEQUATE SECURITY AND POLICE
PROTECTION FROM PARKING SPACE TO
DESTINATION DESTINATION OR

THE INTERIM

PAY THE FINANCING

COST SEVERAL

CBD

PLAN THAT THE MAIN STREET

TIMES

OVER
STUDY OF THE

FROM TRANSIT SERVICE
NOT

CAR TO
POSSIBLE

WAS KEY ELEMENT IN THE DOWNTOWN CONCEPT PLAN WALLACE MCHARG
ROBERTS AND TODD DESIGNATE
IT

THE COMMITTEES

IN

THE

AS

ONE

PROBLEMS OF MANAGEMENT AND MAINTENANCE OF THE MALL SUGGESTED
THAT CITY

PRESENT PHYSICAL

ARRANGEMENT

OF

DOWNTOWN
OF

OF

THE KEY FEATURES

IN

OVERALL

THE BEST INTERESTS

OF

BOTH THE

THE COST
ABOUT
TO

SUCH

STRUCTURE IN

WILL

BE

DEVELOPMENT AND LARRY SMITH

AND

COMPANY
ELEMENT
IN

AND THE BUSINESS

COMMUNITY

12000000
FOR

1975

DOLLARS

INC

LABEL

IT

AS THE KEY IMPROVING SECTION

THE CONTINUED
RETAIL

PERFORMANCE OF THE

WOULD BE SERVED BY THE FORMATION AND FUNDING OF NOTFORPROFIT
CORPORATION IT IS PROPOSED THAT THE BUSINESS COMMUNITY WITH THE BACKING
BUFFALO

BE PAID

OBLIGATION

BY GENERAL BOND ISSUE

AND SUPPORT

OF

THE GREATER

DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION FINANCE SUCH CORPORATION TO ASSIST
THE CITY
IN

IMPLEMENTING

THE

18

II

IT

II

II

II II II

II

THE DIAGRAM ABOVE AND THOSE ON THE OPPOSITE PAGE SHOW THE MAJOR
ELEMENTS
IN

OF

THE DOWNTOWN PLAN

THE MALL

AREA

THESE ELEMENTS ARE
TO TO

PULLED APART SO
RIGHTHAND
RELATIONSHIP

PAGE
TO

SPEAK ON THE SHOW THEIR THE
ROOF OF TO

VARIOUS LEVELS

TOP THE MALL AND

LEVEL

SHOWS THE
ITS

CONNECTION

PERIPHERAL PARKING STRUCTURES THE SHOWS THE MALL SECOND LEVEL
LEVEL

WHICH
STREET

IS

AND
THIRD

LEVEL

PRESENTLY THE GROUND AND THE CONNECTIONS

WITH OFFICE
LEVEL

LOBBIES

AND STORES THE

SHOWS THE BUFFALO

AMHERST SUBWAY LINE LYING BELOW THE STREET IMMEDIATELY
SURFACE

THE BOTTOM

LEVEL LINE

SHOWS
PASSING
LINE

THE KENMOREAIRPORT

UNDERTHE BUFFALOAMHERST
ITS

AND

STATIONS

AT

LAFAYETTE SQUARE

AND THE TRANSPORTATION CENTER THE DIAGRAM ABOVE PUTS
LEVEF
ALL

THESE
TO

TOGETHER AS
INTERLOCKING

COMPOSITE
OF THE PLAN

SHOW THE

NATURE OF THE

VARIOUS ELEMENTS

20

PARKING

STRUCTURES

AND

THE ROOF OF THE MALL

THE MALL LEVEL SHOWING VERTICAL ELEVATOR TOWERS LOBBIES BUFFALOAMHERST

AND STORES

SUBWAY
LINE

LINE

UNDER THE MAIN STREET MALL

KENMOREAIRPORT

UNDER COURT STREET

II

COMPOSITE DIAGRAM
IN

OF

ALL

MAJOR LEVELS

THE MAIN

STREET MALL AREA

HHIHF

LJ
HEN

II

HK

HTHT

ENCLOSED MALL AND ARCADES

22

MAIN

STREET MALL STREET LEVEL

PLAN

SECTION

THROUGH MAIN

STREET

OUTDOOR PLAZAS

AND PEDESTRIAN

WAYS

THE MAIN
THE PLAN ABOVE GIVE

STREET MALL
AT

THE

LEFT

AND THE SECTION
ENTIRE TO

DETAILED VIEW OF THE
ITS

NATURE OF THE MALL ALONG

LENGTH FROM CHIPPEWA STREET
DIVISION WILL STREETS

THE

PARK MAIN

STREET

BE CLOSED FROM NORTH

DIVISION

TO HURON STREET AN UNDERPASS WILL

ALLOW UNIMPEDED

PEDESTRIAN

TRAFFIC

FLOW FROM CHIPPEWA TO NORTH
DIVISION

STREET

MALL EXTENSIONS

ON

COURT AND EAGLE STREETS WILL EXTEND THE PEDESTRIAN PRECINCT ONE BLOCK

ON

EITHER

SIDE OF MAIN STREET

TO

PEARL AND WASHINGTON STREETS MAIN ENTRANCES TO THE MALL WILL BE FROM PEARL AND WASHINGTON STREETS

III
II
EFLICOTT

COVERED GRADE CROSSINGS WILL EXTENSIONS EAST ON EAGLE AND

ATTACH

MOHAWKSTREETS TO PARKING FACILITIES AND NEW OFFICE BUILDING LOBBIES
THE EAGLE
CROSS OVER
STREET ELLICOTT

EXTENSION
STREET

WILL

ON

BRIDGE TO THE PROPOSED TRANSPORTATION CENTER

NEW

LI

AN EXTENSION
WILL

WEST ON COURT
DIRECT

STREET

PROVIDE

CONNECTION CENTER AND

BETWEEN THE CONVENTION
THE MALL

THE

ROOF STRUCTURE STREETS

WILL

CROSS THE

INTERVENING

WHERE THE MALL

SHINGTCN

CONTINUES
STREET TO

FROM ONE SIDE OF THE THE OTHER AT EAGLE AND
FOR

WASHINGTON STREETS

INSTANCE

THE ROOF OF THE MALL WILL CONTINUE
RIGHT

ACROSS THE STREET

SO THAT

CAN CROSS THE STREET UNDER COVER EVEN IN BAD WEATHER
PEDESTRIANS

THE

STRUCTURE

SPACE FRAME

BE MADE AS SUPPORTED BY COLUMNS
WILL FOOT

MAIN

SPACED ON
THIS
TO

FIFTYFIVE WILL

CENTERS

DEVICE

ALLOW THE STRUCTURE
IN

BE EXTENDED

SEVERAL DIRECTIONS
STRUCTURAL

WITHOUT ALTERING

THE BASIC

MODULE THE MALL EXTENSIONS
BOTH SIDES

ON SIDE

STREETS

ARE DESIGNED AS SKYLIT ARCADES

ON

MAI

OF

THE FORMER STREET

AND

OPEN ON ONE SIDE THE ARCADES WILL OPEN TOWARD WHAT WAS PREVIOUSLY THE CARTWAY OF THE OLD STREET THE
PAVING
STREET WILL FILLED

BE REMOVED AND THE
WITH TREES AND PLANTING BADLY
IN

THUS ADDING PARK SPACE

NEEDED

RELIEF

OF

THE DOWNTOWN CORE

AT THE SOUTHERN END THE MALL WILL
JOIN DIRECTLY TO

THE MAIN PLACE MALL

THUS INCORPORATING FRARIKIN

MAIN PLACE

INTO

THE DOWNTOWN PEDESTRIAN

SYSTEM

MALL RETAIL

RAPID TRANSIT

LINE

34

DI

24

MAIN

STREET MALL ROOF LEVEL

PLAN

SECTION

THROUGH COURT STREET

ENCLOSED MALL AND ARCADES OUTDOOR PLAZAS AND PEDESTRIAN

WAYS

THE PLAN AND SECTION AT THE LEFT SHOW THE ROOF OF THE MALL AND THE
SECTION THROUGH COURT STREET

AND

LAFAYETTE SQUARE LOOKING TOWARD THE NORTH

THE SECTION SHOWS THE MAIN
AIRPORT STREET WITH

STATIONS

AT

THE

KENMORE

LINE TUBE SHOWN IN SECTION AND THE

LONGITUDINAL

BUFFALOAMHERST LINE TUBE SHOWN
IN

TRANSVERSE SECTION

WITH

MAIN

MALL JUST ABOVE IT THE MAIN ENTRANCE OF THE NEW CONVENTION
STREET

CENTER SHOWS LUST TO THE
PEARL TRANSIT ELEVATORS

LEFT

OF

STREET THIS
DIRECT

SECTION CLEARLY CONNECTION
OF THE

SHOWS THE
CONVENTION
THE

CENTER WITH THE MALL LINES

AND

MASS

TRANSIT

WORKING WITH COMMISSIONER

HOWARD CONCEPT WAS DEVELOPED
EACH
USING TWO CONCRETE ROADWAYSOVER LINE OF COLUMNS ON EITHER SIDE
STREET AT

OF THE

THE ROOF LEVEL THESE
FIRE

ROADWAYSSUPPORT
APPARATUS
THE THE ROOF OF

FIGHTING

PERMANENTLY THE MALL

HOUSED ON

PERMANENT APPARATUS

THE PURPOSE OF IS TO BE

AVAILABLE

TO FIGHT ANY FIRES WHICH WOULD NORMALLY BE FOUGHT BY HOOK AND LADDER APPARATUS FROM THE

STREET FIRES

OCCURRING
ROOF LINE OF

IN

BUILDINGS

BELOW THE

THE MALL

WOULD BE FOUGHT BY REGULAR STREET EQUIPMENT WHICH WOULD COME
DIRECTLY INTO

THE MALL AT STREET

LEVEL

THE

ROOF

PLAN ALSO SHOWS THE ROOF
OF

OF THE

EXTENSIONS

THE MALL
STREET AT

CONTINUING COURT STREET
AT

ACROSS PEARL

AND ACROSS WASHINGTON

EAGLE STREET LAFAYETTE SQUARE

AND MOHAWKSTREET

PEARL

FRARD

25

T

S

T

B

JE

II

II

II

SECTIONAL

PERSPECTIVE

LOOKING SOUTH ON THE MAIN

STREET MALL AT LAFAYETTE

SQUARE

THIS STATION

ANATOMICAL
LEVELS

SKETCH SHOWS THE

AT LAFAYETTE

THE BUILDINGS BEEN

SQUARE AND GROUND HAVE
THE

MEZZANINES AND PERMIT THE STATION PLATFORMS TO BE AT MINIMUM DEPTH BELOW THE GROUND THIS WILL REDUCE THE LENGTH OF STAIRS AND ALLOW
CLOSER

CUT AWAY TO REVEAL

RELATIONSHIP ELEVATOR STATION VERTICAL THE

BETWEEN THE MALL
STORES

MORE OPEN
IT

RELATIONSHIP

TO

LOBBIES
LEVELS

AND THE TWO

THE MALL

ALSO PROVIDES
FOR

SAFER AT

ELEVATORS APPEAR AS
OF AT THE

ENVIRONMENT
SIGNIFICANTLY

THE RIDER

TOWERS THE STRUCTURE
MALL
IS

LOWER COST TO THE

ROOF OF THE
LEFT

SHOWN
TRUCK

TAXPAYER

UPPER

END OF THE MALL
FIRE

THE

ROADWAYS FOR THE BEEN STRIPPED
GIRDERS

HAVE
THE

AWAY

TO REVEAL

NECESSARY TO CARRY THE

ROADWAYLAFAYETTE
ONLY
TRAFFIC

ISLAND

SQUARE NOW IS SHOWN AS THE

SITE FOR OFFICE

BUILDING

NEW DEPARTMENT STORE AND THE MALL WOULD

II

MALL AND TRANSIT

STATION

AT LAFAYETTE

SQUARE

INA

OO
ST

S

R

12OO

W

E

TYPICAL

MALL SECTION

ROOF PLAN

OF TYPICAL

MALL SECTION

28

SECTION

THROUGH LAFAYETTE

LINES SQUARE SHOWING BOTH SUBWAY

AND THE MALL STRUCTURE

III

THE OPEN SKYLIT QUALITY OF THE MALL SHOWN BELOW THE LIGHT AIRY

FRAME STRUCTURE IS SHOWN DOMES OF THE OUTER DOME IS ACRYL PLASTIC EFLECTIVE TO CUT DOWN ON SUMMER AND HEAT THE INNER DOME GLA
SPACE COVE ED WITH DOUBLE SUPPL ES AN INSULATING AND
AIR

IIII

I1

SPACE

TO

REDUCE HEAT LOSS IN WINTER

SNOW
AWAY BETWEEN

AINWATER WILL BE CARRIED SCUPPERS AND DRAINED

IJ

TWO LOOT WIDE
THE SKYLIGHTS

DOWN THE

SUPPORTING COLUMNS SNOWON THE ROADWAY AND ICE IN THE SCUPPERS

LJ

II

BE MELTED

BY

RADIANT

HEATING

ELEMENTS USED
JO NT

BETWEEN

ONLY AS NEEDED THE THE FACES OF BUILDINGS
WILL

AND THE STRUCTURE
SPECIAL

STRUCTURAL

BE MADE BY ELEMENT WHICH

4FFFL4FTLF

RF
R1

H4I44II4

CAN BE VARIED TO MEET THE SPECIAL
CONDITION AT

EACH

BUILDING

RVR RI
FIRE

RLI
FIRE FIRE

ACCESS

R1
STATION

RM
CENTRAL

IRI
GROUND LEVEL FIRE APPARATUS ACCESS WAY AND ENTRY TO MALL INTERIOR MECHANICAL PLANT LOCATION

RR
UNITS

APPARATUS ACCESS WAY ON MALL ROOF AND

APPARATUS HIGH PRESSURE WATER PUMP HIGH PRESSURE WATER MAIN AND CONNECTIONS

INDIVIDUAL

HVAC

LII
II

II

EXISTING

GROUND FLOOR

ACTIVITIES

II7
VI

THE PLAN AT THE LEFT SHOWS THE USES WHICH EXIST NOWALONG MAIN STREET
THE AREA OF THE PROPOSED MALL THESE HAVE BEEN EVALUATED TO
IN

DETERMINE

WHERE THE MOST LIKELY
IN ACTIVITIES
IN

INVESTMENT

RETAIL

THE

SENSE DOES THE PLAN SHOWNAS
TO BE

CHANGED BY PUBLIC ACTION RATHER WHERE PRIVATE ACTION THEY INDICATE MOST LIKELY
TO

IS

OCCUR AS THE EFFECT OF
TO

U1JYIL
DEPARTMENT
OTHER RETAIL VARIETY STORES STORES

THE MALL BEGINS
PATTERN OF RETAIL

BE

FELT IN

SALES

ON THE DOWNTOWN
IS

MINIMUM
BANKING BUSINESS SERVICE
HOTEL PERSONAL SERVICES

USE OF PUBLIC
TO OF

POWERS THE

EXPECTED

BE USED
SITES

IN

ASSEMBLY

EATING DRINKING

RETAIL IN

SPACE OPPORTUNITIES

THE MALL

THE DIAGRAM AT THE LEFT SHOWS AREAS IN AND ADJACENT TO THE MALL

WHERE IN

THE CONSULTANTS JUDGMENT

NEW OR IMPROVED RETAIL SPACE COULD OCCUR THESE LOCATIONS WERE
SELECTED
OF

ON THE BASIS

OF

THE RESULTS
STRUCTURES

AN ANALYSIS

OF EXISTING IN

AND

RETAIL ACTIVITIES

DOWNTOWN

THOSE AREAS WHERE STRUCTURES HAD NUMBER
INDICATING OF CHARACTERISTICS

EASY

REPLACEABILITY

IE

NONFIREPROOF CONDITIONS

SINGLE STORY POOR OR WERE LOW

ETC

TAXPAYERS WERE THOSE DESIGNATED AS AREAS WHICH WOULD BE RIPE
FOR RETAIL OPPORTUNITIES RETAIL OPPORTUNITIES

REPLACEMENT
IF

OR RADICAL THE MALL WERE

ON MAIN
OFT

STREET STREET

IMPROVEMENT
CONSTRUCTED

MAIN

SERVICING
RELATIVELY

THE MALL FEW STORES ON MAIN FROM MAIN STREET TRUCKS
IS

STREET

ARE SERVED DIRECTLY STREET
TO

WHEN MAIN

CLOSED

VEHICULAR TRAFFIC

WILL

BE

PROHIBITED
TO

FROM THE MALL IN ORDER
TO

CONTINUE

SERVE THE FEW STORES

REQUIRING

SERVICE FROM THE MALL

TRUCK LOADING AREAS ARE PROPOSED IN EACH BLOCK WHERE MATERIALS CAN BE TRANSFERRED
OF TO

SPECIAL

CARTS

FOR

DELIVERY GOODS AND REMOVAL OF WASTES THE SERVICE AREAS PROPOSED WILL BE DESIGNED TO HANDLE MOST OF

THE SERVICE NEEDS OF THE MALL AREA

BASEMENT SERVICE UNDERGROUND 30

LEVEL

SERVICE

TUNNEL

TRUCKACCESS

THE VIEW OF THE ROOF OF THE MALL
FROM THE

SURROUNDING BUILDINGS IMPORTANT AS THE VIEW THE
PEDESTRIAN

IS

AS

HAS WHEN
IS

IN

THE MALL

THE MALL STRUCTURE
VARIOUS

SHOWN WITH

PIECES OF THE STRUCTURE
TO

PEELED AWAY
FIRE

SHOW HOWVARIOUS SHOWN ON

ELEMENTS RELATE TO EACH OTHER THE
FIGHTING

EQUIPMENT

IS

THE

ROADWAY ON THE ROOF OF THE MALL EQUIPMENT
WILL

AIRCONDITIONING HOUSED
OTHER
IN

BE

PENTHOUSES ON EVERY

BAY THE ROOFSCAPE WILL BE AS CAREFULLY THOUGHT OUT AND DESIGNED
AS THE INTERIOR OF THE

MALL

II

TIE

AL
11

II

II

TH

II

11

II

II

RANSPORTATION

EACH

OF

THESE ELEMENTS EXCEPT
EXISTS

IT

SHOULD BE CLEAR
THAT

FROM THE ABOVE

RAPID TRANSIT

TODAY IN
INSUFFICIENT

SOME
FORM

STATEMENTS

THE COMMITTEE
THAT

AND TRANSIT
STATEMENT OF THE COMMITTEE THE IMPORTANCE OF THE PROPOSED MASS TRANSIT SYSTEM TO THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN FOR DOWNTOWN CANNOT BE UNDERESTIMATED TO ESTABLISH THE ECONOMIC CONTEXT
FOR

UNINTEGRATED FOR INSTANCE PARKING ONLY TO
IS

AND

ENDORSES THE VIEW
MAJOR PURPOSES
IF

ONE OF THE
TO

THE HIGHWAY PLAN IS ALSO EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE SUCCESS OF THE PLAN THE COMMITTEE ENDORSES THE PROPOSED SURFACE
STREET

THERE ARE SUCCESSFUL

NOT THE MAJOR
IS

PLAN BUT

RAMPS BUT THEY ARE RELATED THE STREET SYSTEM THERE
INTERNALIZED

PURPOSE

OF

RAPID TRANSIT

WITHHOLDS JUDGEMENT ON THE

THE SUCCESSFUL MALL IN MAIN PLACE
IT

IN PRESERVE DOWNTOWN VIEW OF THIS THE COMMITTEE ENDORSES THE VIEW THAT

ELMOAK

ARTERIAL

UNTIL THE IN

TECHNICAL

ISSUES ARE RESOLVED

PRINCIPLE

BUT

IS TO

AND DOES NOT
CRITICAL

THE CHARACTER OF THE RAPID
LINES

RELATE

ANYTHING ELSE THE OBJECT
IS

TRANSIT THAT

SHOULD FEATURE

MODE
WELL

THE PURPOSE OF THE EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM
IS

TO

SUPPLY

MAXIMUM
IS

THEREFORE

TO

CREATE

MASS

TRANSIT

MASS
AN

OF

ELEMENTS

WHICH WORK

WOULD PROVIDE FAST SAFE RELIABLE AND EFFICIENT SERVICE AS
THAT
IS

ACCESS
LEVEL OF

TO

DOWNTOWN AT AN ADEQUATE
PROVIDING THROUGH TRAFFIC

SERVICE AS WELL
FOR

PROPOSALS THE FOLLOWING FACTS BE BORNE IN MIND

SHOULD

TOGETHER IN SUCH

WAY AS

TO

CREATE

AS AN ALIGNMENT COMPATIBLE

NOT ONLY

FACILITY

DOWNTOWN ACCOUNTS
APPROXIMATELY REVENUES
TO

FOR OF

245

THE TOTAL

THE CITY

FROM PROPERTY
IN

AND

RETAIL

SALES TAXES

OTHER

TERMS DOWNTOWN IS ROUGHLY ONE
SQUARE MILE OR ABOUT TOTAL AREA OF BUFFALO CITY

25

OF

THE

NEW ENVIRONMENT ENTIRELY DOWNTOWN IN SENSE THIS REALLY DOES NOT MEAN DOING ANYTHING MUCH OTHER THAN WHAT IS ALREADY BEING DONE EXCEPT COORDINATING AND NEW PUBLIC ELEMENTS EXISTING OF DOWNTOWN
AS
MAJOR COORDINATING ELEMENT RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEM SHOULD ACCOMPLISH THE FOLLOWING
THE
IT

WITH DOWNTOWN

DEVELOPMENT BUT ONE WHICH WILL ENHANCE THE VISUAL AND AESTHETIC
CHARACTERISTICS OF

CLAUDE EDWARD DONALD
RALPH

SHUCHTER CHAIRMAN UMIKER KETCHUM
BARNES

THESE PROJECTS

THE

THERE ARE NUMBER OF REASONS FOR THESE VIEWS THE MAJOR ONE IS THAT
THEY WILL BEST PROMOTE THE POTENTIAL
FOR

JOHN
PAUL ALEX

NASCA ROHRDANZ TRUMBLE THOMPSON

BUT RETURNS

ONE QUARTER OF THE TOTAL TAX REVENUES AS AN EMPLOYMENT
CENTER

AN INTEGRATED

PLEASANT
FOR

GORDON
THE

DOWNTOWN SUPPLIES
PEOPLE
IN
IS

PEOPLEORIENTED DESIGN MALL AND ITS EXTENSIONS

JOBS FOR
OF

61000
TOTAL

OR ABOUT

15

THE

OUGHT TO BE PLEASANT

FAST

AND

JOBS

THE REGION ABOUT

THE REGION

CONVENIENT
IN

AN INTEGRATED ALIGNMENT WITH THE MAIN STREET MALL WOULD PERMIT
INTERACTIONS WITH THAT

TRANSPORTATION

GOALS
BETTER

SMSA
MILES SUPPLIES

1600

THUS

11600 5O OF THE
IS

SQUARE OF THE AREA

THE DOWNTOWN AREA
DIRECTLY
IN

PROJECT THE
OF

PROMOTE ENVIRONMENT

URBAN

IT

OUGHT
VISIBLE

STATION

DESIGN

TO RELATE

CAN BECOME PART
WILL GREATLY AT

JOBS
THE

THESE

HIGHLY

AND

THE MALL THIS

REINFORCE

TWO POINTS ILLUSTRATE
FORCEFULLY

ABOUT AS

DESIGNED WAY TO THE PEDESTRIAN MALL SYSTEM PASSENGER SHOULD BE AWARE VISUALLY THAT HE HAS ARRIVED

WELL

MAKE PEDESTRIAN
COMFORTABLE ALLWEATHER POSSIBLE

MOVEMENTS

THE SENSE OF ARRIVAL

MAJOR
THIS

THROUGHOUT THE DOWNTOWN AS

AS

POSSIBLE

IMPORTANT AND PLEASANT PLACE

IMPORTANCE
IN

OF

DOWNTOWN TO THE

CITY

THE

POSSIBILITY

OF

PRODUCING
VIRTUALLY OF THE

AS POSSIBLE PROVIDING PASSAGES WHEREVER

TERMS

OF

TAXES AND TO THE REGION

QUALITY

WOULD BE

AS AN EMPLOYMENT CENTER THIS IMPORTANCE
IS

DOWNTOWN AT
REGION AND
IT

THE

HUB

OF

THE

NONEXISTENT LOCATIONS

ON ANY
ALIGNMENT

OTHER

DOWNTOWN NON
WOULD BE
WITH THE PROPOSED
OF

MINIMIZE

DISRUPTION

OF EXISTING

TO

THE CITY

REGION
IN

REINFORCED WHEN
THAT

IS

THE ALIGNMENT BOTH
BASE HORIZONTAL

VERTICAL

AND

INTEGRATED

AND PLANNED DEVELOPMENT
INCREASE PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SERVICE AND RIDERSHIP TO DOWNTOWN PROVIDE REDUCED
POLLUTION LEVELS

CONSIDERED

THE CITYS

TAX

AREAS OTHER THAN DOWNTOWN HAS
STEADILY RISING

OUGHT TO BE ARRANGED TO PROMOTE THE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW
TAX

INCOMPATIBLE

MALL PROJECT AND WOULD LESSEN THE AESTHETIC QUALITIES THE DOWNTOWN

BEEN

DECLINING

AND

ITS

COSTS

RATABLES FOR THE CITY

AREA
TRAVERSE RAPID
TRANSIT
FIRST

STEADILY

THE

TRANSIT

WAY SHOULD

REDUCE
SERVICE WILL BE CONGESTION RIDERSHIP PROVIDED

STREET

AND PARKING
TRANSIT

CONSEQUENTLY THE AIM OF THE PLAN FOR DOWNTOWN HAS BEEN TO PROPOSE
THAT

THE DOWNTOWN SO AS NOT TO PRODUCE
BLIGHTING

BY INCREASING

INFLUENCE ON THE

NORTHEASTWARDFROM

THE CITY

DO EVERYTHING HUMANLY
WITHIN
ITS

SURROUNDING
IT

AREAS

DOWNTOWN IN THE BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR AND SUBSEQUENTLY IN OTHER
DIRECTIONS

ACCOMMODATE REQUIRED
TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES BOTH PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION AND HIGHWAYS WITHIN

POSSIBLE FINANCE

AND
TO

ABILITY

TO

MAINTAIN
OF

THE
TO

SHOULD NOT PREEMPT ANY MORE VALUABLE DOWNTOWN REAL ESTATE THAN
IS

DUE NORTH EAST AND
THE INTERIM
UNTIL
IN

SOUTH
SERVICE

IN
IS

THIS

FAST

CONCENTRATION PROVIDE
ATTRACT

DOWNTOWN AND WHICH

ABSOLUTELY NECESSARY
IT

AVAILABLE

THESE
IN

MINIMUM
THOSE MINIMIZE

RIGHTOFWAY
DISRUPTION DURING

AN ENVIRONMENT

WILL

NEW DEVELOPMENT AND NEW BUSINESSES DOWNTOWN THE ULTIMATE
OBJECT IS
OF

SHOULD PROMOTE THE DESIGN
QUALITY OF

AND

DIRECTIONS

AND LONG RANGE

ENVIRONMENT
IT

DOWNTOWN
OF IN

DIRECTIONS THAT WILL NOT ENJOY RAPID
TRANSIT

CONSTRUCTION

SERVICE
TO

THE MOTOR BUS WILL

COURSE TO MAINTAIN

SHOULD BE CAPABLE

BEING THE

CONTINUE

DOWNTOWN AS THE CORE OF THE REGION AND THE MAJOR TAX RESOURCE IN
MAINTAINING THE CITY THE FISCAL SOLVENCY
OF

PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE

EXPANDED AND EXTENDED
FUTURE

THE DOWNTOWN PLAN AND

ITS PHASED DEVELOPMENT MUST ACCOMMODATE BUS ROUTES IN SUCH WAY AS TO

MAKE THE
FOR

SERVICE ATTRACTIVE

FOR

THE CENTRAL FEATURE OF THE PLAN DOWNTOWN WHICH PROVIDES THIS
ENVIRONMENT
ITS IS

COMMUTERS SHOPPERS AND
RECREATION SEEKERS WHILE
STILL

BEING

THE MAIN STREET
ITS

MALL

AS ECONOMICAL AND EFFICIENT POSSIBLE THIS
IT

AS

BRANCHES AND

INTEGRATED
TRANSIT

TO

OPERATE TO ACHIEVE
BE NECESSARY TO GIVE ATTENTION TO THE

ARRANGEMENT WITH RAPID
PARKING

MAY

AND HIGHWAYS THE KEY

PREFERENTIAL

WORD IS INTEGRATED

EXPEDITIOUS
TRAFFIC IN

MOVEMENT
TO

AND

OF BUSES IN HAVE BUSONLY LANES

THE OPPOSING DIRECTION STREETS

ON

CERTAIN

32

ONEWAY

THE TRANSPORTATION
REGIONAL PUBLIC CONTEXT

SYSTEM

IN

IMPLEMENTATION SYSTEM
IN

OF

RAPID TRANSIT METROPOLITAN

THE BUFFALO
RESULT
IN

AREA
TRANSPORTATION URBAN AREA POPULATION BUFFALOS DENSITY OF MILE
IS

WILL

INCREASED

DENSITIES

AND

MORE STRUCTURED
EXISTING

REGIONAL GROWTH PATTERN

PERSONS PER SQUARE THE SECOND HIGHEST IN THE STATES DESPITE
THIS

6600

PLANS CALL FOR CONSTRUCTION OF THE

UNITED

HIGH
RIDERSHIP
IS

BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR LINE CONNECTING THE CBD AND THE NEW CAMPUS
BUFFALO OF

POPULATION
IN BUFFALO

DENSITY

TRANSIT

THE STATE

UNIVERSITY

AT

METROPOLITAN AREA LOW
IT

SUNYAB
FRONTIER

BETWEEN 1973
ESTIMATES BY TRANSPORTATION

RELATIVELY

ALTHOUGH

IS

AMONG LARGE CITIES HIGH AMONG THOSE
COMPREHENSIVE

AND 1977
THE NIAGARA AUTHORITYS

PRELIMINARY

DEPENDENT UPON BUSES ALONE THERE
IS

CONSULTANTS CALL FOR

POTENTIAL

FOR

THE SUBWAY THROUGH THE CENTRAL BUSINESS
DISTRICT TO

PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
INVOLVING

BE UNDER AND

SEVERAL RAPID TRANSIT

CONSTRUCTION THROUGHOUT 1973

CORRIDORS COMPLEMENTED BY AN EXTENSIVE FEEDER BUS SYSTEM EARLY
IN

1974 HIGHWAYS

1970

THE NIAGARA

FRONTIER INITIATED

TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY
FEASIBILITY

AN EXTENSIVE
CONNECTS
RETAIL

NETWORK OF FREEWAYS

STUDY FOR AN EXCLUSIVE
TRANSIT LINE IN

MAJOR EMPLOYMENT AND
RESIDENTIAL

RIGHTOFWAY

THE

LOCATIONS WITH
IN

BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR AS PART OF ITS MASS TRANSIT STUDY THE STUDY
HAS RESULTED
IN

DEVELOPMENTS
ADDITIONS
TO

THE REGION

LATEST

THE REGIONAL NETWORK

FIRM FOR
RAIL

INCLUDE THE RAPID

YOUNGMANN

RECOMMENDATION
TRANSIT LINE IN

EXPRESSWAY THE KENSINGTON EXPRESSWAY THE AURORA EXPRESSWAY AND PART OF THE
LASALLE EXPRESSWAY PROPOSED
FUTURE

FROM DOWNTOWN TO CONSIDERING
OF

AMHERST HIGHWAY SYSTEM
LATER

POSSIBLE

EXPANSION

THE BUFFALO
TO

AMHERST RAPID TRANSIT LINE
EXISTING

OTHER

EXTENSIONS AS

OF THIS

NETWORK

EXPRESSWAY

EXPRESSWAY CERRIDOR HIGHWAYS AND ARTERIALS

HIGH

POTENTIAL

CORRIDORS DESIGNATED
FRONTIER

DESIGNATED

EXPRESSWAYS
EXPRESSWAY EXPRESSWAY AND THE

DESIGNATED EXPRESSWAY

BY THE NIAGARA
TRANSPORTATION
TRANSIT

INCLUDE THE UNIVERSITY THE SOUTHERN
BELT

STUDY THE MASS
CORRIDORS HAVING

STUDY HAS DELINEATED
FOR FIVE

EXPRESSWAY

ALIGNMENTS
POTENTIAL TRANSIT

FOR

EXCLUSIVE

FACILITIES TO

RIGHTOFWAY THESE INCLUDE IN
CORRIDORS

ADDITION

THE BUFFALOAMHERST RAPID TRANSIT

CORRIDOR LINE CONNECTING BUSINESS

THE BUFFALO CENTRAL WITH

DISTRICT

HAMBURG

CHEEKTOWAGA THE TONAWANDAS AND
VILLAGE OF

KENMOREGRAND ISLAND
LINE
IN

KENMOREAIRPORT
INCREASE PROVIDE
MOBILITY

THE
WILL

REGIONAL RAPID TRANSIT

NETWORK

THE REGION AND
ALTERNATIVE

AN ATTRACTIVE

II

MODE OF TRANSPORTATION FOR THOSE WHODO NOT OWN CAR OR THOSE WHO
FIND

THE USE OF CARS INCONVENIENT
EFFICIENT

AN

AND

RELIABLE

PUBLIC

TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM WILL REDUCE THE MAGNITUDE OF STREET AND

HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENTS THAT WOULD OTHERWISE BE NEEDED TO MEET THE
GROWING TRAFFIC

DEMANDS OF

COMMUTER WORK TRIPS

PROPOSED PUBLIC TNNSPORTATION SYSTEM

ELM OAK

ARTERIAL

ALTERNATIVE
JI

K

EXISTING

STREET SYSTEM

II

PROPOSED STREET CHANGES
CLOSED STREET

EXPRESSWAY
ARTERIAL COLLECTOR OR DISTRIBUTOR

NEW

STREET TRAFFIC DIRECTION

LOCAL STREET

CHANGE IN

34

THE STREET SYSTEM
EXISTING
ELLICOTTS

STREETS
LAYOUT OF

DOWNTOWN
GREAT NUMBER OF

BUFFALO CREATES

PROBLEMS
PEDESTRIAN QUIN
SIX

FOR

TODAYS VEHICULAR AND
ALONG

MOVEMENTS FIVE AND
INTERSECTIONS

LEGGED

FL

GENESEE AND NIAGARA STREETS ARE DIFFICULT TO OPERATE AND IN SOME CASES CONFUSING TO DRIVERS AND HAZARDOUS FOR PEDESTRIANS THE COMBINATION OF THE GRID AND RADIAL
STREET

PATTERN COUPLED WITH THE COMBINED USE OF ONE AND TWOWAY
STREETS
IS

DIFFICULT

TO

UNDERSTAND
FAMILIAR

FOR

PEOPLE

NOT COMPLETELY

WITH

THE AREA

TO MAKE
AVAILABLE

EFFICIENT STREET

USE OF THE CAPACITY

MODERN

TRAFFIC SIGNAL

EQUIPMENT NEW PAVEMENT MARKETINGS NEW SIGNING AND ELIMINATION
OF

ONSTREET

PARKING

AND LOADING WHEREVER POSSIBLE WILL BE REQUIRED THE PROPOSED DOWNTOWN STREET PLAN SEEKS TO OVERCOME MANY OF TODAYS
TRAFFIC

PROBLEMS
PLAN ACCESS
TO

THE TRAFFIC
VEHICULAR

DOWNTOWN WILL

OF BE PROVIDED BY COMBINATION AND ARTERIAL STREETS FOUR FREEWAYS RADIAL

FREEWAYS WILL SERVE TO
OF

ACCOMMODATE ALMOST 70 PERCENT THE TOTAL VEHICULAR TRAVEL TO AND
FROM THE

CBD THESE
SECTION

ARE
OF

THE NIAGARA

THE

NEW

YORK STATE THRUWAY FROM THE
NORTHWEST THE NIAGARA SECTION
OF

THE

NEW YORK STATE THRUWAY FROM
THE SOUTHEAST THE KENSINGTON

FROM THE NORTHEAST

EXPRESSWAY AND

THE BUFFALO SKYWAY FROM THE

SOUTH THE
EXISTING RADIAL

FREEWAYS CAN

CONTINUE TO PROVIDE EXCELLENT FREEWAY ACCESS TO THE DOWNTOWN AREA THROUGHOUT THE 20 YEAR

II

PLANNING

PERIOD

IF

IMPROVEMENTS

II
TRAFFIC
II

ARE

MADE AT

OTHER POINTS ALONG

THESE FREEWAYS SPOT IMPROVEMENTS RECONSTRUCTION

SOME RAMP

RAMP METERING AND CLOSURES SHOULD BE

PLAN

LIMITED

ACCESS EXPRESSWAYS

EXAMINED AND ARE AMONG THE
POSSIBILITIES EXISTING OF OPTIMIZING THE FREEWAY CORRIDORS PROVIDING

MAJOR ARTERIALS
COLLECTORDISTRIBUTOR LOCAL STREETS STREETS

ACCESS

TO

DOWNTOWN

II

JI

HI

MAJOR ARTERIAL
CONTINUE
IN TO

STREETS

THAT WILL

NEW HIGHWAY
THE WEST SIDE
THE KENSINGTON VIRGINIACAROLINA

FACILITIES ARTERIAL

PLAY AN IMPORTANT ROLE

INGRESS AND EGRESS TO DOWNTOWN INCLUDE NIAGARA STREET PROVIDING

CONNECTING
THE

EXPRESSWAY AND
INTERCHANGE OF

ELMWOOD AVENUE DELAWARE AVENUE FRANKLIN STREET LINWOOD

AVENUE MAIN

STREET GENESEE

THE NIAGARA SECTION OF THE NEW YORK STATE THRUWAY WILL FUNCTION AS
DISTRIBUTOR OF TRAFFIC TO

THE

STREET SYCAMORE STREET BROADWAY WILLIAM STREET SWAN STREET
STREET

DOWNTOWN AREA AND ALSO ACCOMMODATE EASTWEST THROUGH MOVEMENTS BETWEEN THE TWO EXPRESSWAYS THE
LOCATION OF THIS AT

AND SOUTH PARK

AVENUE THE MAIN
STREET MALL
OF IN

GRADE FACILITY

AS RECOMMENDED
IS

BY THE CONSULTANTS

SHOWN OF

THE

THE PLAN SHOWS THE CREATION
TOTAL

ILLUSTRATIVE

SITE

PLAN
ARTERIAL
IS

PEDESTRIAN

ENVRONMENT

THE ELMOAK

CURRENTLY

TEN BLOCK AREA BOUNDED BY

EI
LI
EXISTING OFFSTREET PARKING
FACILITIES CIVIC
01111111111

PEARL WASHINGTON AND CHURCH STREETS WHICH WILL SIGNIFICANTLY CHANGE THE DOWNTOWN

CHIPPEWA

LIMITED BEING EXAMINED AS BOTH ACCESS DEPRESSED FREEWAY AND AS

PATTERN CLOSING COURT AND MOHAWKSTREETS ACROSS MAIN STREET
STREET WILL DIRECTLY AFFECT THE

AN ATGRADE JUNIOR EXPRESSWAY THE DEPRESSED FREEWAY SCHEME SHOWN ON THE
ILLUSTRATIVE SITE PLAN

IS

THE TRAFFIC IMMEDIATELY

THE ATGRADE SCHEME FAVORED BY THE CONSULTANTS IS SHOWN IN THE
INSET

VOLUMES ON
NORTH

STREETS OF

AND SOUTH

PLAN
OF

THE CLOSURES MALL THE
STREET

SOUTH OF THE MAIN STREET

THE PRIMARY FUNCTION
UNDER EITHER
THE DISTRIBUTION ALTERNATIVE

THE TAO
II

TY

NEW SIXLANE
ARTERIAL STREETS

DIVIDED

CHURCH
PAIR OF

BE
ON OF

AS WELL AS

ONEWAY

AND

COLLECT

COMPOSED
WILL TO

OF

SENECA AND

TRAFFIC TO

AND FROM DOWNTOWN
EXHIBITS CERTAIN
FINAL

SWAN STREETS

PROVIDE AMPLE

EACH

ALTERNATIVE

SERVE THE PROJECTED CAPACITY EASTWEST MOVEMENTS ACROSS MAIN STREET NORTH OF THE CLOSURES AT

ADVANTAGES OVER THE OTHER
DETERMINATION EVALUATION
WILL RESULT

FROM THE
CARRIED

PRESENTLY BEING

MAIN STREET NEW ONEWAY PAIR HURON AND CHIPPEWA UTILIZING
STREETS
IS PROPOSED TO ACCOMMODATE THE PROJECTED

OUT BY CITY AND STATE AGENCIES THIS EVALUATION WILL CONSIDER THE

ABOVE POINTS AS
AS BENEFITS
TO TO

WELL

AS OTHERS SUCH
RELATED

THE PUBLIC

EASTWEST

TRAFFIC

VOLUMES HURON
ITS

COSTS
THE ACCESS FUNCTION OF
IT

STREET WILL BE REVERSED FROM

COMMERCIAL
PRIVATE

AND PRESENT WESTBOUND DIRECTION CHIPPEWA STREET WILL BE MADE ONEWAY WESTBOUND ON THE WEST
SIDE
PAIR OF
WILL

TO IMPROVE

THE SKYWAY TO

THIS ONEWAY DOWNTOWN

PROPOSED TO AVENUE ONEWAY SOUTHBOUND AND
TO

DOWNTOWN IS MAKE ELMWOOD
CONNECTION

CONNECT INTO

ANOTHER
OF

IMPROVE

ITS

WITH

ONEWAY PAIR
STREET

LOWER TERRACE AND THE SKYWAY

CONSISTING

NIAGARA

AND PROSPECT STREET
STREET WILL FOR

ONRAMP
INTO TO

IT

IS

ALSO PROPOSED THAT

THE SKYWAY OFFRAMP BE CONNECTED
FRANKLIN STREET AT

NIAGARA

ONEWAY INBOUND
WITH THE PROVISION

OPERATE AS ALL VEHICLES

SWAN STREET
VOLUMES
IN

DECREASE THE

TRAFFIC

FOR

AN EXCLUSIVE
STREET

BUS LANE OUTBOUND PROSPECT
WILL

CONTINUE

TO

OPERATE

ONEWAY
BETWEEN

SQUARE DELAWARE AVENUE BELOW NIAGARA SQUARE WOULD
NIAGARA

OUTBOUND THE CLOSURE
NECESSITATES
OF

BE REDUCED IN IMPORTANCE UPPER TERRACE WOULD REMAIN OPEN
ONLY TO SERVE ABUTTING PROPERTIES

MAIN

STREET

CHIPPEWA AND CHURCH STREETS
THE CONSTRUCTION OF
TO

THE MODIFICATION
OF
WILL

OF THE SKYWAY OFFRAMP TOGETHER WITH THE CLOSURE

ONEWAY COUPLE
STREET

CONNECT MAIN

THE RADIAL
RESULT
IN

STREETS

IN

DOWNTOWN
NIAGARA

WITH PEARL AND ELLICOTT

CONSIDERABLE
IN

STREETS BETWEEN GOODELL AND

REDUCTION OF TRAFFIC

TUPPER STREETS
CONNECTIONS
ILLUSTRATIVE SITE

THESE NEW ARE SHOWN ON THE PLAN

SQUARE THE CREATION
COMBINATION
OF GRID PATTERN OF IN

WITH
WILL

SYSTEM

ONEWAY STREETS
IMPROVE
THE

GREATLY

EASE

OF TRAFFIC IN

AND

PEDESTRIAN

MOVEMENT

THE

36

CENTRAL BUSINESS

DISTRICT

PAIKING PRESENT PARKING

PARKING SUPPLY OF 28000 PARKING SPACES IN DOWNTOWN CONSISTS OF ABOUT 4000 SPACES IN

THE 1969

PERMANENT STRUCTURES 14270 SPACES IN OFFSTREET PARKING AND ALMOST 9000 LEGAL AND
ILLEGAL

SM

ONSTREET

PARKING SPACES CONSTRUCTION OF NEW HOUSING OFFICES BUILDINGS STRUCTURES WILL

AND PARKING
TOTAL

REMOVE ABOUT
SUPPLY

ONEFOURTH OF THE
WITHIN

THE NEXT FEW YEARS

MANY

NW

AJIIU

4J

PARKING SPACES WILL BE REMOVED TO INCREASE THE CAPACITY ONSTREET OF THE EXISTING
STREET

AND PROPOSED SYSTEM TO REPLACE PARKING SPACES THAT WILL BE REMOVEDNEW
PARKING
FACILITIES WILL

BE REQUIRED

THE PARKING

PLAN
FACILITIES

MAJOR OFFSTREET PARKING
WILL

BE LOCATED NEAR THE MAIN

THIS DOWNTOWN DEMAND FOR EASTWEST MOVEMENTS IN DOWNTOWN AT THE SAME TIME THE PARKING POINTS OF ENTRY TO THE WILL MINIMIZE
FACILITIES

ARE LOCATED IN CLOSE

PROXIMITY TO RETAIL SHOPS AND PROJECTED CONCENTRATIONS OF

EMPLOYMENT THE PARKING FACILITIES ARE DIRECTLY CONNECTED INTO THE
PEDESTRIAN
TOTAL

SYSTEM

OF

20200

NEW PARKING

SPACES WILL BE NEEDED OVER THE NEXT 20 YEARS IF THE PLAN IS FULLJ DEVELOPED OF THE 1000 NEW
PARKING SPACES PER YEAR ALMOST

750 SPACES
REPLACEMENT

WILL

ACCOUNT FOR

OF EXISTING

ONAND

OFFSTREET PARKING WHILE 250 ADDITIONAL SPACES WILL BE REQUIRED
TO

MEET THE ADDITIONAL

20 YEAR

DEMAND GRADUAL REMOVAL OF THE 6000 ONSTREET PARKING SPACES
THAT EXIST

TODAY WILL IMPROVE
OF

THE

EFFECTIVENESS

THE PRESENT AND

PROPOSED
OF

STREET

SYSTEM THE

CITY

PARKING PROGRAM IS OF THE NECESSARY WELL AHEAD PACE BUFFALOS
OF

1000 NEW SPACES
MIDLAND
OFFICE

PER YEAR

THE MARINE COUNTY
ABOUT
TO

CENTER THE AND THE
WILL

BUILDING

FEDERAL OFFICE BUILDING

ADD

1700

NEW PARKING SPACES
OFFSTREET SUPPLY

THE EXISTING
CITY

PARKINO

PLAN

THE
PROPOSED PARKING
CURRENT EXISTING PARKING PARKING FACILITY FACILITY FACILITY PROJECT

COURT

RAMP AND

PROPOSED NEW PARKING FACILITY IN THE BLOCK BOUNDED BY ELMWOOD HURON DELAWARE AND MOHAWKWILL ADD ANOTHER 2000 SPACES

PUBLIC

TRANSPORTATION

IN

MINIMIZE

THE STATION

CONSTRUCTION THE

DOWNTOWN
PRESENT TRANSIT

COST AND MAXIMIZE
RELATIONSHIP

INTER

II

THE 24 BASIC BUS ROUTES PROVIDING LOCAL TRANSIT SERVICE TO DOWNTOWN
ARE OF MAJOR IMPORTANCE
TO
ALL

BETWEEN PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION ON ONE HAND AND THE COMMERCIAL RETAIL AND OTHER

LAND

USES TO BE SERVED ON THE OTHER HAND

THE CONSULTANTS
FRONTIER

TO

THE NIAGARA
AUTHORITY

RESIDENTS SEEKING
VITAL

ACCESS

TO THIS

TRANSPORTATION

AREA OF THE REGION TODAY ABOUT ONETHIRD OF ALL TRIPS AND HALF

HAVE RECOMMENDED BUFFALOAMHERST WHEEL ON
STEEL
RAIL

THAT

THE
STEEL

LINE

BE

II II

OF

ALL

SHOPPING
ARE

TRIPS

TO

DOWNTOWN

BUFFALO

MADE BY BUS MAIN
IN

STREET CARRYING ABOUT 60 BUSES IN THE PEAK DIRECTION
IS

SYSTEM THIS TYPE OF SYSTEM WOULD BE COMPATIBLE WITH THE MAIN STREET MALL AND
IS

THE PEAK HOUR
TRAVELLED

ENDORSED BY THE

BY FAR THE HEAVIEST
ARTERY TO

CONSULTANTS

TRANSIT

DOWNTOWN
THE PLAN ENVISIONS
THAT

THE EAST

THE
THE

TRANSIT
RAPID

PLAN NETWORK IN
IN

WEST LINE KENMOREAIRPORT WILL COMPLEMENT THE BUFFALOAMHERST LINE AT LATER DATE ALTHOUGH NO
DETAILED INTERSECTING AT FEASIBILITY

TRANSIT

DOWNTOWN AS SHOWN
CONSISTS OF TWO LINES

THE PLAN

STUDY HAS BEEN

COURT AND MAIN STREETS THE

MADE

THE FOLLOWING POSSIBLE
WITHIN

BUFFALOAMHERST
TRANSPORTATION

LINE

NOWUNDER
FRONTIER

ALIGNMENT

THE

CBD

IS

STUDY BY THE NIAGARA

AUTHORITY WILL
TO

COME
STREET

SUGGESTED THE EASTWEST LINE COMING DOWNRICHMOND AVENUE WOULD FOLLOW
ALONGSIDE ALLEN STREET
PUBLIC RIGHTOFWAY WADSWORTH STREET AT
IT

DOWNMAIN
IN
IT

STREET

CHURCH
THAT

SHALLOW
WILL

SUBWAY AT
ERIE

POINT

WOULD CONTINUE
TO

IN

GO TO

STREET OVER TO CONTINUE SOUTH

SWAN STREET AND

SOUTHEAST

DIRECTION THIS

ELMWOOD
FOLLOW

AVENUE AT
WOULD BE
IN

ALONG AN ALIGNMENT JUST WEST OF PEARL STREET AT SENECA STREET THE
LINE WILL START TO

POINT

THE LINE

SUBWAY AND

COME OUT OF

THE

GROUND GO UNDER THE SENECA OFFRAMP FROM THE SKYWAY AND BE
EXISTING

ELMWOOD TO MOHAWKSTREET WHERE IT WOULD CURVE TO THE EAST FOLLOWING
NIAGARA STREET NIAGARA
STREET TO

SQUARE

DOWNTOWN BUS ROUT

AND COURT

ATGRADE AT EXCHANGE STREET IT WILL THEN
APPROXIMATELY CONTINUE AUDITORIUM

LAFAYETTE

SOUTH PAST MEMORIAL ON THE WEST SIDE AND

SQUARE AT LAFAYETTE SQUARE THE LINE WOULD BEND SLIGHTLY TO THE
OUTH TO CONTINUE
STREET TO

DOWNCLINTON
ARE ALONG

CURVE WEST OF THE THE EAST WHERE
IT

SKYWAY THEN
WILL

TO

THE EAST PROPOSED STATION
IN

CONNECT WITH
THE FOOT OF

LOCATIONS

THE

CBD
AT

ELMWOOD AVENUE
AT CITY

THE OLD TRACKS OF THE ERIE

JOHNSON PARK

LACKAWANA RAILROAD MAIN STREET
STATIONS ALONG THIS PLANNED
AT

AT

HALLNIAGARA SQUARE
COURT AND MAIN STREETS WITH THE BUFFALO

AND

AT

INTERSECTING
LINE

ARE

CHIPPEWA

STREET

AMHERST LINE IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THIS LINE BE IN SUBWAY BETWEEN ELMWOOD AVENUE AND STREET AND OAK AND CLINTON TRINITY
STREETS ANOTHER ALTERNATIVE ALIGNMENT
INVESTIGATED AS

THEATER

COURT STREET

LAFAYETTE SQUARE BETWEEN SWAN AND SENECA STREETS CATHEDRAL PARK OF MAIN STREET COMMUNITY AND
AT

THE FOOT

COLLEGE THE THEATER AND LAFAYETTE SQUARE STATIONS ARE
PLANNED AS INTEGRAL
PARTS OF

WHICH SHOULD BE
PART OF FEASIBILITY

STUDY FOR THE
LINE

KENMOREAIRPORT

WOULD BE

TO

THE

CURVE WEST FROM COLLEGE STREET BE
BRIEFLY

MAIN

STREET

MALL

DIRECT

ON THE WEST SIDE
TO

ARTERIAL

CONNECTIONS FROM THE UNDERGROUND
PLATFORM LEVEL TO THE MALL LEVEL
WILL

THEN CURVE SOUTH INTO
STREET

NIAGARA

NIAGARA

SQUARE THESE
SHOULD BE

TWO ALTERNATIVES EVALUATED
IN

TERMS OF PATRONAGE

CONSTRUCTION COST AND IMPACT ON THE NEIGHBORHOOD

38

THE RAPID

TRANSIT

LINES

WILL

BE
OF

II
BUS

SUPPLEMENTED
ROUTES SERVING

BY

NUMBER
TO

DIII

THOSE AREAS THAT DO THE
TRANSIT

NOT HAVE EASY ACCESS STATIONS LINES

ALONG THE RAPID
OF

IMPLEMENTATION
RAPID

THE
LINE

BUFFALOAMHERST
WILL

TRANSIT

F4

REDUCE THE NUMBER OF BUS THE DOWNTOWN VIA
TS

ROUTES ENTERING

MAIN STREET
ALMOST
ALL

IT

ANTICIPATED

THAT

OTHER ROUTES WOULD
TO

CONTINUE ESSENTIALLY

SERVE DOWNTOWN AS THEY DO TODAY
OF

THE PROBLEM OF DISRUPTION STREET MUST BE MINIMIZED

MAIN

BY

SIMULTANEOUS CONSTRUCTION OF THE
MALL STRUCTURE

AND THE

SUBWAY

EACH BLOCK MUST BE ENTIRELY COMPLETED BEFORE THE NEXT BEGINS
DURING PERIOD

THE ACTUAL
AT LEAST

CONSTRUCTION
OF TRAFFIC

TWO LANES

MUST BE MAINTAINED

AND PEDESTRIAN

ACCESS MUST BE POSSIBLE AT ALL TIMES DURING PEAK SALES PERIODS
PARTICULARLY DISRUPTION AT

CHRISTMAS

TIME
WITH

MUST BE MINIMIZED

NO MAJOR CONSTRUCTION DURING THAT PERIOD THE DESIGN OF THE MALL AND RAPID TRANSIT SYSTEMS SHOULD ALLOW
THE FUTURE

ACCOMMODATION
TYPE OF NEARING THE POINT ECONOMICALLY AREAS
IN

OF

PEOPLEMOVER SYSTEM THE
TECHNOLOGY OF THIS
SYSTEM
IS

OF

BECOMING
FOR

FEASIBLE

USE

IN

WHICH THERE ARE WEST

MWB

HIGH

CONCENTRATIONS OF PEOPLE
UNIVERSITY PILOT OF

THE RECENT
VIRGINIA

CAMPUS
IS

PROJECT

SPONSORED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
INSTALLATION

THE PRELUDE TO THE SUCH SYSTEMS SYSTEM
IN
IS

OF

COMMONLY SUCH
SERIOUSLY LOS

BEING

CONSIDERED

DOWNTOWN

OF THE

ANGELES THE DETAILED DESIGN DOWNTOWNSHOULD NOT
THE FUTURE INTEGRATION

PRECLUDE OF

PEOPLEMOVER SYSTEM
MAJOR ELEMENTS
OF

WITH OTHER

THE TRANSPORTATION

SYSTEM

C5
PROPOSED DOWNTOWNTRANSIT SYSTEMS
NFTA PROPOSED RAPID
POTENTIAL FUTURE TRANSIT LINE LINE

BUS ROUTES
TRANSIT

WITH

FULL RAPID

TRANSIT

SYSTEM

RAPID TRANSIT

STATION

600 WALKING RADIUS

CONVENTION

CENTER

DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM

1II
IN

NEW CONVENTION
BETWEEN 90000 STATEMENT
OF

FACILITY

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO SHOULD CONTAIN AND 125000

UL

THE COMMITTEE

BUFFALO BADLY NEEDS CONVENTION FACILITY IT FROM INCREASING OTHER BETTER

NEW
IS

SPACE 15 SQUARE FEET OF EXHIBITION TOTAL TO 25 MEETING ROOMS WITH
SEATING CAPACITY
OF

5000

TO

6000

SUFFERING

COMPETITION
CITIES OF

FROM THE

EQUIPPED

AND APPROPRIATE LOBBY OFFICE STORAGE AND FOOD SERVICE SPACE
IN

WEAK COMPETITIVE

POSITION

ADDITION

THE

BUFFALO IS MERELY MATTER OF THE LACK OF PROPER EQUIPMENT THIS POSITION BY

FACILITY TO

SHOULD BE SERVICED NEARBY

NEW CONVENTION BY 1000
PARKING SPACES AND

FF1FLF7

LLIL

1500

K2C

CAN BE

RADICALLY OF

ALTERED

HAVE EXPANSION
POSSIBLE
IN FUTURE

COMBINATION

THE PROVISION

ROOM AVAILABLE FOR SECONDSTAGE ADDITION

ON NEW FACILITIES
IMPLEMENTATION
OF

AND THE
OF

YEARS
SPECIFICATIONS

OTHER FEATURES

THE DOWNTOWN PLAN THE CITY

THESE

SIZE

HAVE BEEN
OF

DETERMINED CONVENTION
ITS

BY AN ANALYSIS
FACILITIES IN CITIES WILL

IF

WERE TO PROVIDE
FACILITY DISTRICT IN

RECENTLY ACROSS THE

NEWCONVENTION
CENTRAL BUSINESS

CONSTRUCTED
NATION

CBD

WHICH

BE COMPETING WITH
NATIONAL

COMPLEMENTED BY NEW NEARBY
HOTELS THEN BUFFALOS CONVENTION EXPECTED
TO

BUFFALO FOR LARGE CONVENTIONS

PRESENT

WHICH ARE THE PRIMARY
FOR

TRADE WOULD BE

MARKET POTENTIALS BUFFALOS

EXPANSION

OF

DOUBLE

WITHIN

FIVE

CONVENTION

TRADE IN THE

YEARS AFTER OPENING THE
FACILITY

NEW
15

AND QUADRUPLE

WITHIN

FUTURE SMALLER SCALE FACILITIES THAN RECOMMENDED ABOVE WOULD PLACE
BUFFALO
IN

YEARS AFTER THE FACILITY AVAILABLE PRESENT CONVENTION EXPENDITURES
BUFFALO WILL WITHIN

BECOMES

LESS

COMPETITIVE SCALE FACILITIES

POSITION
IN

WHILE LARGER

DELEGATE THE CITY
TO
LITTLE

AN

INITIAL

CONSTRUCTION PROGRAM
TO

OF

WOULD BE SUPERFLUOUS DUE
BUFFALOS

AMOUNT
IN

OVER

PRESENT LACK OF HOTEL

ALTERNATE

6000000
CONVENTION INCREASE

1970
IS

NEW
EXPECTED
TO

SPACE
CONVENTION
HALL OF

CONVENTION CENTER LOCATIONS

FACILITY

THE SIZE

THE FLOW OF OUTSIDE
DOLLARS

CONVENTION

BROUGHT INTO THE

COMMUNITY TO OVER BY 1980 ASSUMING
IS

12000000
NEW
FACILITY

RECOMMENDED WOULD REQUIRE THE OF AN ADDITIONAL AVAILABILITY 1500 2000 DOWNTOWN HOTEL ROOMS IN
BUFFALO
IT

THE
TO

SITE

FOR RECOMMENDED

THIS

PROPOSED LOCATION
AITERNATE LOCATIENS

FACILITY

ON THE BASIS
IS

OF

THE ABOVE

EVALUATION

THE SO CALLED

IRS

IN

ORDER TO BE FULLY UTILIZED
THAT

AVAILABLE

25000000
DOLLARS

BY 1975 AND OVER BY 1990 IN 1970

IS

EXPECTED
ITSELF

THE CONVENTION

AND COURT

BLOCK BOUNDED BY PEARL FRANKLIN STREETS AND SPANNING

FACILITY EFFORTS

TOGETHER WITH VIGOROUS
OF CITY OF WILL OFFICIALS

MOHAWKSTREET ON
ADJOINING

THE NORTH INTO THE
SITE
IS ALL

3000 NEW HOTEL ROOMS CAN BE BUILT IN THE CBD OVER THE NEXT 20 YEARS WITH THE NEW CONVENTION UP
TO FACILITY ACTING

ON THE PART AND THE AVAILABILITY
SITES
IN

BLOCK THIS

THE THOSE

GOOD HOTEL
GENERATE THE
WITHIN

MOST CENTRALLY EXAMINED
FOR

LOCATED OF

THE

CBD

PRIMARY CONSIDERATION
FACILITIES WILL OF

REQUIRED HOTEL FACILITIES APPROXIMATELY
FIVE

CONVENTION

CONVENTION CENTER
HOTEL

AS

CATALYST

FOR THIS

DEVELOPMENT THESE NEW HOTELS TOGETHER WITH OTHER CONVENTION
ORIENTED FACILITIES ENTERTAINMENT
TO IN

YEARS AFTER THE CONVENTION HALL BECOMES AVAILABLE FORECASTS OF CONVENTION
UTILIZATION

COMPLEMENT THE PRESENT RENEWAL THE EAST SIDE OF THE CBD AND AID
IN

CENTER REVENUES

COMPLETION

OF

THE DOWNTOWN
II

AND ASSOCIATED
TO THE TO THIS

URBAN RENEWAL PHASE
AS WELL

PROJECT

RESTAURANTS

80000000
BUFFALOS

ETC WOULD AMOUNT IN NEW CONSTRUCTION CBD BY 1990
THEREFORE

AND BENEFITS BEEN KEYED
INCREASE LOCATION
SIX
IN

COMMUNITY HAVE
ANTICIPATED

AS THE WATERFRONT URBAN
TRANSIT TO

RENEWAL PROJECT
IN

CBD
THE

HOTEL

ROOMS

ORDER FOR THIS AS

SITE

BE

STATION FULLY

THE COMMITTEE
BUILD HALL
IN

IN

CBD
HALL

SERVICEABLE LOCATION

CONVENTION

CENTER

EL

RECOMMENDS STRONGLY THAT BUFFALO
COMPETITIVE
ITS

POTENTIAL
IN

CONVENTION THE

FOR

CONVENTION

LOCATIONS EVALUATED

CBD WERE
SITE

ADEQUATE NEARBY PARKING THE FACILITY WILL HAVE TO BE
IN

II
PARKIN MALL

CBD
HASSETT

EACH
IN

WAS THOROUGHLY
ITS

PROVIDED

THE NIAGARA

SQUARE
FOR OF

AREA

IN

ADDITION
FUTURE

WILLIAM ALBERT

JR CHAIRMAN

EXAMINED

GROUND AREA
EXPANSION

TERMS OF BOTH AS

POSSIBLE

THE

AVERY
WILLIAM ROBERT

COOPER FONDA
KING

APPROPRIATENESS CENTER LOCATION

CONVENTION
ITS

CONVENTION AVAILABLE
THAT

FACILITIES CITY

SHOULD BE

AND

OVERALL

OFFICIALS

HAVE ADVISED

ZUGGER
BURNS

CONFORMANCE WITH THE DYNAMICS OF CBD DEVELOPMENT AND ACCEPTANCE
WITHIN

PARKING AND EXPANSION SOLUTIONS ARE AVAILABLE AT THE PRESENT TIME
PREREQUISITE

GEORGE
40

THE COMMUNITY AS CENTER LOCATION

THESE ARE
TO

HENRY HARPER LEONARD LEVIN

CONVENTION

CONVENTION SITE

NECESSARY CENTER

DEVELOPMENT

AT THIS

DEVELOPMENT COSTS AND ECONOMIC BENEFITS LAND
ACQUISITION

AND CONSTRUCTION
ARE
AT

COSTS FOR THE PROPOSED FACILITY
PRELIMINARILY

ESTIMATED

BETWEEN MORE

9000000
DETAILED
SITE

AND

11000000

STUDIES AND DESIGN

ANALYSIS WILL HAVE TO BE CONDUCTECP BEFORE DEVELOPMENT COSTS CAN BE

MORE PRECISELY

IDENTIFIED

ANNUAL DEBT SERVICE PAYMENTS FOR THE CONVENTION FACILITY ASSUMING

9000000
BY
BUFFALO

TO

11000000
PAY
FOR CAPITAL

OF

GENERAL OBLIGATION
TO

BONDS ARE ISSUED
COSTS

SR

WILL

RANGE BETWEEN

650000

AND

800000
ON
SIX

ANNUALLY LEVEL

REPAYMENT

PERCENT

30YEAR

BONDS
EXCEED
IN

OPERATING
FACILITY

REVENUES

FROM THE
TO

ARE EXPECTED COSTS

OPERATING
EARLIEST

EXCEPT

THE

YEARS OF OCCUPANCY

BUFFALOS SHARE OF STATE SALES TAX

IN8TWLL

REVENUES

RESULTING

FROM CONVENTION
IN

DELEGATE EXPENDITURES
IS

THE CITY

PROJECTED
FIVE

TO RISE

OVER

556500

WITHIN

CONVENTION CONVENTION
TAX

YEARS AFTER THE CENTER IS OPENED THESE DELEGATERELATED
TO

SALES

REVENUES ARE EXPECTED

INCREASE TO OVER

1130000 80000000
SPONSORED
FACILITIES

ANNUALLY

BY 1990
CONSTRUCTION
OF OF

WORTH

NEW PRIVATELY CBD
IS

CONVENTIONRELATED BUFFALOS

IN

OVER THE NEXT

20 YEARS
INCLUDING

ALSO ANTICIPATED

APPROXIMATELY
WELL

3000

HOTEL

ROOMS AS
RETAILING

AS ADDITIONAL

RESTAURANT AND
FACILITIES

ENTERTAINMENT INCREASE
OF

THIS

HIGH VALUE LOW SERVICES
IS

COST PROPERTY

EXPECTED

TO

OF NEW GENERATE OVER 3000000 REAL ESTATE TAXES FOR THE CITY BY

1990
IN

AT 1970S TERMS

PROPERTY TAX RATE
IT

OVERALL

IS

ANTICIPATED
IN
IN

THAT

THE CITYS

INVESTMENT
RESULT

CONVENTION
SUBSTANTIAL

HALL WILL

ECONOMIC GAINS FOR THE AND CITY BY AS EARLY AS 1980 HAVE INCREASING BENEFICIAL
IMPACT ON THE ECONOMIC HEALTH OF THE COMMUNITY IN YEARS THEREAFTER THESE SUBSTANTIAL INCREASES IN OUTSIDE
DOLLARS

BROUGHT INTO

THE

ILLUSTRATIVE

PLAN

COMMUNITY NEW CONSTRUCTIORT AND ASSOCIATED NEW JOBS AND ECONOMIC VITALITY IN BUFFALOS CBD
CERTAINLY JUSTIFY

PUBLIC

INVESTMENT THE

FIRST

PHASE

OF

THE SCALE WITH

REQUIRED TO PROVIDE COMPETITIVE

SECOND PHASE

CITY

FIRSTCLASS FACILITY

CONVENTION

AREA
F1RS FLOOR B4TW

PHASE

OQCON

87500

INAANG

LL
AREA

AREA

4O
47500

76

IOC

OP

AREA

SECOND FLOOR BAJDET

CAJ
THIRD

CO WAREA
FLOOR
KEEFLNO

18 18
II

RO
SIVRM3E

40
4O
214P00

75W

4O
40D00 7Z000
10000

BASEMENT

TOTAL

OP

PHASE
ALT

II

2ND FLOOR
INFIRSTPHASE INSECONDPHASE

3RD

FLOOR

PHASE ALT1

PHASE

PHASE
ALL

II

MOHAWK ST

COURT STREET ENTRANCE TO CONVENTION CENTER WITH

VIEW

OF MAIN

STREET MALL

COMMUNITY COLLEGE
STATEMENT
THE THE COMMITTEE

PROGRAM AND LOCATION THE NEW COMMUNITY COLLEGE
EXPECTED
ULTIMATELY TO
IS

FLIP
SERVE WHILE

APPROXIMATELY

4000

STUDENTS

ON

COMMUNITY COLLEGE
OF

PROXIMITY TO DOWNTOWN AND MASS TRANSIT ARE PRIMARY GOALS THE COLLEGES

THE PROBLEM
FACILITIES FOR

SUPPLYING
AT

ADEQUATE
THE
IS

SPACE REQUIREMENTS
SITE

DEMAND
50 ACRES
SPREAD BUILDINGS
FOR

OF APPROXIMATELY
FACILITIES

EDUCATION

ATHLETIC

AND THE

COMMUNITY COLLEGE
BEING
ACTIVELY

LEVEL

ONE

OUT NATURE OF CLASSROOM

PURSUED BY MANY

SEGMENTS OF THE COMMUNITY FOR SITE FOR ONE OF NUMBER OF YEARS
SEVERAL COMMUNITY COLLEGES PLANNED
FOR

IMPOSE

THIS

REQUIREMENT ANSWERING
TO FIND IN THIS

KE

JR

LARGE SITE

SITES

1HY8E
CIJ

CRITERION

ARE DIFFICULT

THE

BUFFALO HAS BEEN

DOWNTOWNAREA COUNTY AND CITY OFFICIALS HAVE PROPOSED AND ANALYZED SEVEN
POSSIBLE
LOCATION SITES OF IN

SOUGHT IN OR CLOSE TO THE DOWNTOWN AREA THE CHARGE OF MEMBERS OF THE

COMMUNITY COLLEGE CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT STUDY COMMITTEE
IS

DOWNTOWN

FOR

THE

THE COLLEGE

SHORT AND

L7IJVTHDDWL 77W VIEWED

WEE

TO

ADDRESS THIS

QUESTION AND
SITE IN

TO TO

PROPOSE SUCH THE URGENT NEED
FULFILL

RESPONSE
TO

LONG TERM CRITERIA WERE USED TO EVALUATE EACH SITE SITE ANALYSIS HAS BEEN PREDICATED SUPPLYING

JVVI
1FLFLFLF7

FOR FACILITIES

EXISTING

DEMAND FOR

ON THE NEED BOTH TEMPORARY AND

FOR

WWLJ

DOWNTOWN COMMUNITY COLLEGE THE COMMITTEE SUBMITS THE RECOMMENDATION CONTAINED
FOLLOWING PAGES
IN

PERMANENT FACILITIES WITHIN CLOSE PROXIMITY TO ONE ANOTHER THE
THE

PURPOSE OF
BEGIN
ITS

THIS

APPROACH WAS THAT
IN

SINCE THE COLLEGE WOULD HAVE TO
ACTIVITIES

TEMPORARY

DR JOSEPH MANCH CHAIRMAN MAX CLARKSON
JOHN
HETTRICK

THE PERMANENT SITE SHOULD THE BE CLOSE ENOUGH TO MINIMIZE
FACILITIES

DISRUPTION
TAURIELLO

OF

MOVING PROPOSED LOCATION

WESSEL GEORGE THE HONORABLE JOSEPH THE HONORABLE ALBERT THE HONORABLE FRANK

THE

CRITERIA

USED IN SITE EVALUATION
TO RAPID TRANSIT

ABGOTT LUDERA

WERE ACCESS
AVAILABILITY OF

PARKING

ACCESS

TO

THE

EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM PARKING COSTS LAND ACQUISITION COST AVAILABILITY
DISTURBANCE
AVAILABILITY

POTENTIAL
TO

EXPANDABILITY
FOR

ACQUISITION

COSTS ARE HIGH SINCE
OF

DOWNTOWN

THE GREATER PORTION HAVE TO BE ACQUIRED

THE SITE WOULD

WORKSTUDY COURSES AND AVAILABILITY OF CONVENIENCE SHOPPING THESE
CRITERIA IN

ON THE OPEN
COSTS

MARKET BUT THESE
THAT

ADDITIONAL

ARE NOT NECESSARILY

RANKED

CAN BE MORE THAN OFFSET BY THE FACT THE MUNICIPAL PARKING AUTHORITY

ORDER OF IMPORTANCE
OF

CAN ABSORB THE COST OF THE PARKING ANALYSIS
CRITERIA

THE SEVEN SITES

BY THE

STRUCTURE

TO IN

SERVE THE NEEDS OF THE OTHER SITES
TO THIS

LISTED THAT

INDICATES

ON THE OPPOSITE PAGE THE SOUTH MAIN

COLLEGE

COST

STREET SITE OFFERS THE GREATEST

NUMBER

OF

ADVANTAGES AND THE
OF

BE BORNE BY THE COLLEGE PARKING DEMAND WOULD ALSO BE HIGHER ON OTHER SITES NOT WOULD HAVE
HAVING CONVENIENT ACCESS
TO

FEWEST DISADVANTAGES MUTUAL REINFORCEMENT THE GOALS OF THE COLLEGE AND GOALS FOR DOWNTOWN ARE BEST ACCOMPLISHED ON THIS SITE

HIGH

SPEED RAPID

TRANSIT

ACCESS PARKING
PLANS
FOR STRUCTURE TRANSIT
ALL

AVAILABILITY

FUTURE

CITYOWNED AND SERVICE BY RAPID
FAVOR THIS
OF

PARKING

SITE

FUTURE

EXPANSION

THE COLLEGE FACILITIES
FACTOR IN THIS

AN IMPORTANT INCREASING

ERA OF

DEMAND FOR

HIGHER

EDUCATION WOULD BE POSSIBLE
THIS OF

ON
STREET

SITE WITH THE FUTURE ACQUISITION

THE LAND FROM MISSISSIPPI

EAST TO MICHIGAN

AVENUE

44

ILLUSTRATIVE

SITE

PLAN

HOUSING AND THE DOWNTOWNPERIPHERY AN INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITY

CBD

STATEMENT COMMITTEE

OF

THE

CBD
OF

HOUSING

IN

SHORT DOWNTOWN WILL INCREASINGLY VERY ATTRACTIVE HOUSING AS THE DOWNTOWN

OFFER

INVESTMENT

OPPORTUNITIES
OF

ONE

OF

THE BENEFITS
OF

THE IMPLEMENTATION PLAN PROCEEDS

RESURGENCE
CULTURAL

RETAIL

DOWNTOWN AS THE AND ADMINISTRATIVE

IS THAT SPORTS CENTER OF THE REGION INCREASINGLY ATTRACTIVE IT WILL BECOME

JOHN JAMES DONALD

DONOVAN CHAIRMAN

AMMON
BLAIR

IN PLACE TO LIVE NO OTHER AREA FOR THE REGION HAS THE POTENTIAL AND INTEREST AS THE VARIETY

AS

REVEREND

GRANT CRUMPLEY

AS DOWNTOWN DOWNTOWN
INCREASINGLY
ATTRACTIVE

IS

DON MCCARTHY ACKENDORF WILLIAM
ARTHUR LEWIN

FOUND TO BE AN

AREA IN WHICH TO LIVE

NELSON
ROBERT

NICHOLS JR

THE PRESENT CLOSEDAFTER5PM
QUALITY NIGHT WILL

DISAPPEAR
IS

AFTER

5PM

GEORGE

RAMSEY RAND
III

LIFE EXTREMELY ACTIVITY OF IMPORTANT TO THE FUTURE SUCCESS

THE RESURGENCE OF FORTUNATELY THERE GENERATING
OF FEATURE ACTIVITIES

DOWNTOWN
IS

IMPORTANT INVESTMENT

NONCORE DOWNTOWN
OPPORTUNITIES
OF

SELF IN

ONE
THE
FIRST

TYPE

INVESTMENT

OPPORTUNITY

THE NURTURING
AFTER
IT

POSSIBLE

IN

THE DOWNTOWN

EVENING

SLOW PIONEERING

EFFORTS

BECOMES

EASIER AND EASIER TO FOSTER
ACTIVITIES

NEW
FOR

AREA AND WHICH HAS NOT BEEN EXPLOITED ANYWHERE ELSE IN THE REGION
IS

THAT

WHICH COMBINES THE
FOUND IN THE RECENT

AGAIN
IS

FORTUNATELY OF

THE BURDEN DOWNTOWN
FIRST

BEING

THE

UNIQUE
LEISURE

QUALITIES

TIME RETAIL

AND ENTERTAINMENT SQUARE SAN FRANCISCO

ONE

BEING

TAKEN OFF THE

DEVELOPMENT
IN

OF GHIRARDELLI
IN

PRIVATE

DEVELOPER

BY THE
IN

TAKING PLACE DEVELOPMENT NOW THE WATERFRONT URBAN RENEWAL

AND THE CANNERY
THE AREA AROUND

FISHERMANS

PROJECT AREA THE MARINA DEVELOPMENT AND THE WATERFRONT

WHARF AND THE OLDER EQUALLY GARDENS IN SUCCESSFUL TIVOLI

AREAS

AB
AFTER

WILL

BEGIN

TO

GENERATE

COPENHAGENTHE DEVELOPMENT OF NEW IMAGE FOR DOWNTOWN BY
DEVELOPMENT MALL THE
THE REBUILT
IN OF

THE AROUNDTHECLOCK NECESSARY
TO

POPULATION ESTABLISH DOWNTOWN

THE MAIN STREET CENTER

NEW CONVENTION
AUDITORIUM

AS AN

5PM ENVIRONMENT
WILL

THE WATERFRONT HOUSING THE MARINA

THESE PROJECTS
INTERRACIAL

OPENUP NEW
DEVELOPMENT

AND THE

HOUSING
IN

DOWNTOWN

THE NEXT 10 YEARS

COMMUNITY COLLEGE WILL PRODUCE KIND OF GLAMOR WHICH WILL MAKE DOWNTOWN AN EXCELLENT PLACE
FOR THIS SITE

THESE OPPORTUNITIES WILL BE OF TWO TYPES THE AREA BETWEEN PROSPECT ELMWOOD AND CAROLINA STREETS
PRESENTS
FINE

POSSIBLE TYPE OF DEVELOPMENT IS IN THE WATERFRONT PROJECT AREA STRADDLING ERIE

OPPORTUNITY FOR

CREATION OF AN INTOWN

VILLAGE
THE STREET THROUGH

THE REARRANGEMENT
PATTERN TRAFFIC WILL

OF

STREET BETWEEN THE MARINA APARTMENTS AND THE MARINA ERIE QUAI IT HAS HIGH IT IS CALLED VISIBILITY POTENTIALLY ACCESSIBILITY

ELIMINATE

GLAMOROUS
FROM THE

JOHNSON PARK MAKES

LOCATION

SMALL PLEASANT CENTRAL PARK THE SECOND TYPE OF OPPORTUNITY LIES IN
HIGH
RISE

EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM GOOD ACCESS FROM DOWNTOWN AT ERIE STREET AND
AN EXCELLENT PARKING SUPPLY

APARTMENT

BUILDINGS

IN

THE

HEART OF

DOWNTOWN PRODUCING
URBAN
RESIDENTIAL IN

COMPLETELY

ENVIRONMENT NOT FOUND ANYWHERE
THE REGION

46

SERVICE

ACTIVITIES

AS THE DOWNTOWN CORE EXPANDS

MANY ACTIVITIES
INEXPENSIVE AREAS OF DISPLACED

WHICH OCCUPY

SPACE IN THE PERIPHERAL DOWNTOWN WILL TEND TO BE
BY ACTIVITIES

WHICH CAN
THE ARE

PAY HIGHER RENTS
ACTIVITIES LIKELY TO

MANY OF

BE DISPLACED

IMPORTANT AND VALUABLE TO THE CONTINUED

SMOOTH FUNCTIONING
WILL

OF

DOWNTOWN THEY

TEND TO

COMPETE FOR AREAS ADJACENT TO THE PRESENT DOWNTOWN AREA FARTHER

KIJW

FROM THE CENTER THAN AREAS THEY PRESENTLY OCCUPY BUT STILL WITHIN THE PROPOSED HIGHWAY RING TWO
BASICALLY WILL DIFFERENT FOR

TYPES OF ACTIVITY THESE AREAS

COMPETE
FIRST

THE

WILL

CONTINUE TO BE SUCH
ACTIVITIES

DOWNTOWN SERVICE

AS

VARIOUS TYPES OF PRINTING

SOME

TYPES OF WHOLESALING SPECIAL PRODUCTS ETC THE OTHER TYPE WILL

BE HOUSING AND ITS ATTENDENT CONVENIENCE SERVICES EARLY IN THE
PERIOD

DEMAND WILL BE LOW BUT
OF

HOUSING
HOUSING
SERVICE INDUSTRIES RESIDENTIALLY POTENTIAL RESIDENTIAL RELATED

HOUSING AND SERVICE
COMMERCIAL

INDUSTRIES

AS THE IMPLEMENTATION

THE PLAN
WILL

PROCEEDS DEMAND
PARKS

FOR

HOUSING

WALKWAYS

TEND TO DRIVE

OUT SERVICE ACTIVITIES
PREVAIL IN IN IN THIS

BRIDGE

USES FOR

THE MARKET WILL
COMPETITION

LINKAGES

BUT

ORDER TO THE

PROMOTE HOUSING
ZONING
IN

DOWNTOWN

CONTROLS SHOULD BE APPLIED AREAS GRADUALLY

UU

CERTAIN

SEPARATE DOWNTOWN SERVICE ACTIVITIES FROM HOUSING THREE
TO

POSSIBLE

PATTERNS ARE SUGGESTED

IN

THE ACCOMPANYING

MAPS

LL

LANDSCAPE PLAN

PARKS PLAZAS

AND PLAYGROUNDS AND
PEDESTRIAN

OTHER

NONCORE

INVESTMENT

OPPORTUNITIES

WAYS
47

STREETS

AND PARK TREES

TIMING

AND NEXT STEPS

THERE ARE FIVE MAJOR ELEMENTS OF THE PLAN WHICH ARE IN THE PUBLIC

IT

WOULD REQUIRE

CORPORATION WITH

FEDERAL AVAILABLE

ASSISTANCE

DOMAIN EACH
TO

OF

THESE

IS

ESSENTIAL

OF THE SUCCESS IN IMPLEMENTATION PLAN THEY ARE THE CONVENTION

POWER AND TAXING POWERS THE BORROWING POWERWOULD HAVE BE BE BASED ON THE CITY FAITH
BOTH BORROWING

THAT MIGHT BE THROUGH SUCH AGENCIES AS

THE COST
ESTIMATED

OF

THE MALL

IS

NOW
IN

TO

BE

8493000
5YEAR

1970

UDC OR HUD UDC IS
INVOLVED DEEPLY

ALREADY IN THE WATERFRONT

DOLLARS AND THE TIME SCHEDULE INDICATES
AT

WORST

AND CREDIT BECAUSE THE MALL COULD
NOT IMMEDIATELY ADDITIONAL OPERATING
THAT

AND

ELLICOTT

PROJECTS AND CERTAINLY

CONSTRUCTION PERIOD BEGINNING

IN

CENTER
TRANSIT

THE HIGHSPEED

RAPID STREET

GENERATE ENOUGH

COULD BE AVAILABLE FOR INVOLVEMENT
IN

1974
MALL

SYSTEM
PARKING

THE MAIN

MALL

AND

THE

HIGHWAY SYSTEM THE IMPLEMENTATION
DIFFERENT

TAX INCOME TO COVER EXPENSES IN ADDITION TO REQUIRED FOR BOND RETIREMENT
SETTING

OTHER ASPECTS OF THE DOWNTOWN

THE SUBWAY CONSTRUCTION AND CONSTRUCTION SHOULD BE CARRIED
OVER PERIOD OF

PLAN
PLANNING BUSINESS

ON SIMULTANEOUSLY AND OPERATION THE
NOT

MUCH MORE THAN ONE YEAR
THAT

EACH POSES ORGANIZATIONAL AND
OF

THE

UP

OF

PARALLEL

TAXING

SEPARATE AND STRUCTURE NOT LIMITED

COMMUNITY SHOULD FORM
CORPORATION TO PROMOTE
OF TO

AND

EVEN THIS COULD BE STAGED SO AS NOT

FINANCING

AS PARKING WORKING

PROBLEMS FOR SOME SUCH AND HIGHWAYS SMOOTHLY

BY THE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
CONSTITUTIONAL CITY

NONPROFIT

BY AREAS OF MAIN STREET
TO INTERRUPT

AND SUCCESSFUL

IMPOSED ON THE WOULD BE EXPENSIVE AND
LIMIT TO

THE IMPLEMENTATION

THE FINAL MALL AND THE

BUSINESS

NOR CREATE

CONCEPT PLAN AND
CONVENTION THE CITY
IF

CONTRACT FOR

MECHANISMS ALREADY EXIST AND CAN BE EXTENDED TO HANDLE THE
REQUIREMENTS
OF

REPUGNANT VOTERS

THE TAXPAYERS AND

THE MANAGEMENT OF THE

UNDUE HARDSHIPS TO THE MANY MERCHANTS IN THE DOWNTOWN AREA
CONSTRUCTION COSTS POSSIBLY
WILL IN

CENTER ON BEHALF OF

BE
THE

THE PLAN FOR THE MALL ESTABLISHED

THE PLAN
THAT

FOR

DOWNTOWN IS SO BROAD

THE CITY SO DESIRES IN THE PLANNING STAGE THE CORPORATION

MORE STABLE

IN

THE FUTURE THAN

OTHERS PARTICULARLY DEVICES ARE BEING

NEW
TO

MOST OF THE PROPERTY ENCOMPASSED DOES NOT ABUT THE
MALL
BENEFIT IN FACT

SHOULD
ASSIST

RECENT PAST BECAUSE OFTHEVERYFINE BENEFITS INCORPORATED INTO THE PRESENT CONTRACT WITH TRADES
IN

THE ARCHITECTS AND

THE

BUILDING

CARRY OUT IMPLEMENTATION

THERE ARE
OF

THE PROPERTY THAT WILL
OVERALL

TWO FACETS TO IMPLEMENTATION

THE

MOST FROM THE

PLANNERS TO PROJECT

AND PROVIDE
FROM THE SPACE

TOGETHER WITH

STABILIZATION

MALL SOURCES
ORGANIZATION

OF FOR

FUNDS AND PLANNNIG

AND

DEVELOPMENT AND WHERE MOST OF THE REAL PROPERTY TAX INCREASE WILL BE GENERATED AREAS WHERE THE
IS IN

USES

OF

MALL SPACE TO PROVIDE

CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL
FIGURE OF

PRICES

MAXIMUM INCOME
RIGHTS OF

HOWEVER
FOR

10000000
COSTS THE
TO
IS

OPERATION AFTER CONSTRUCTION CONSIDERATION GIVEN
OF

THE OFF MAIN STREET
PRIVATE OFFICE

WITHOUT UNDULY INFRINGING PRESENT OR FUTURE
RETAIL

ON THE
OCCUPANTS

CONSTRUCTION AND ALLIED
IN

HAS BEEN USED
SIZE OF

ESTIMATING

EACH FACET

IS

BELOW
SEVERAL POSSIBLE SOURCES HAVE BEEN

BUILDINGS
PROFIT

THE HOTELS

AND OTHER
TRANSIT

OF EXISTING

ESTABLISHMENTS

BOND ISSUE NEEDED

FINANCE THE MALL ALSO INCLUDED
THE

FUNDING
FUNDING

OPPORTUNITY STRUCTURES WILL BE

COORDINATE THE JOINT
STRUCTURE

AS FAR AS POSSIBLE
OF

ERECTED FOLLOWING RAPID
MALL

AND

PLANNING

THE MALL
TRANSIT

COST OF CARRYING LOAN FOR 10000000 ESTIMATED
TO

CONSTRUCTION

WHICH

IS

EXAMINED THE CITY
VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATION PROPERTY OWNERS AND
LOCAL OF

CONSTRUCTION

THESE
IN

BENEFITS

AND THE
TO

RAPID

BE

1575000

WITH

THE

CANNOT BE PREDICTED THE BASIS
FOR

ADVANCE AS
BUT WILL BE

SYSTEM

MINIMIZE

CONSTRUCTION

TAX LEVIES

ASSESSED AS CONSTRUCTION TAKES
DISTRICT PRIVATE

COSTS AVOID DUPLICATION OF COSTS AND PRODUCE THE PHYSICAL LAYOUT
BEST SUITED TO ACHIEVE THE DESIRED
RESULTS OF

LOAN DRAWN DOWNOVER THE PERIOD OF CONSTRUCTION AND REPAID FROM THE

PROCEEDS OF
COMPLETION INCLUDED
IS

THE

BOND ISSUE ON
TO

IMPROVEMENT

PLACE ALSO THE NECESSITY

OF TO FOR

OF

THE MALL ALSO COVER THE

THE VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATION
CORPORATION SUCCESSFUL
IS

ATTACHING THE MALL ROOF STRUCTURE
ALL

BOTH VENTURES
IN

925000
COSTS

UNLIKELY
IT

TO

BE

EXISTING

BUILDINGS

WOULD CALL

ASSIST

THE PLANNING

OF

THE

COSTS OF THE BOND ISSUE AND OTHER UNFORESEEN INDICATES THIS COMPUTATION

BECAUSE

WOULD

COERCIVE

REQUIRE LOOVO ACCEPTANCE OF THE PLAN BEFORE IT COULD BE

POWERS THAT ONLY THE CITY COULD WIELD DIRECT CITY INVOLVEMENT
IS THEREFORE THE ONLY PRACTICAL
OF

CONVENTION

AND

EXHIBITION

CENTER
OF

WITH THE ADDED COOPERATION
BUFFALO HILTON

THE

THE NEED FOR

12500000
AMOUNT
RATE
INTEREST

CONVENTION

BUREAU THE
EXPERTS

BOND ISSUE
IN

TO

RETIRE THIS

IMPLEMENTED
DIRECT CITY

THIS

LEAVES EITHER
OR

INVOLVEMENT

THE

COST FUNDING THE CAPITAL OF THE MALL THERE ARE SEVERAL

METHOD

HOTELS CONVENTION

AND ANY OTHER NEEDED CONSULTANTS
TO

20 YEARS WITH THE COST WOULD BE
PER YEAR

1075000

FORMATION OF ORGANIZATION

ADVANTAGES
DIRECT
IS

IN

THIS

METHOD THE
AND

AGAIN

PROVIDE THE FACILITIES

BEST

QUASIPUBLIC

THE
IS

CITY

FINANCING

SUITED FOR BUFFALOS
INVESTIGATE

LOCAL

NEEDS AND

IMPROVEMENT
IN CALIFORNIA LOCAL

DISTRICT

AS

IT

USED

CONSTRUCTION OF THE MALL CAN BE

ONE

POSSIBILITY

THE

DONE UNDER PRESENT LAW THE POWER STAYS
WITH

TAXING
ITS

THE OPERATION AND
OF EXISTING TO

IMPROVEMENT DISTRICT HAS WORKED IN SOME PLACES WHERE PERMITTED BY LAW AND WHERE THE
BENEFITED THE MALL PROPERTY OWNERS FRONT ON

THE CITY

UNDER
CITY

MANAGEMENT
CONVENTION

MALLS AND DETERMINE

PRESENT ORGANIZATION STRUCTURES THE CITY
RETAIN
TITLE

THE

CAN

FACILITIES

ATTACH THE MALL ROOF TO EXISTING

THE MOST DESIRABLE ORGANIZATION CONSTRUCTION
TO
IS

FORM OF

WOULD
DIRECTLY

PROVIDE WHEN

TO

THE LAND AND OR

COMPLETE AND
CONDUCT

ACTUAL

SO THAT SPECIAL TAX

LEVIES STRUCTURE

CAN BE MADE ON

AND CAN LEASE

MANAGEMENTNECESSARY
CONSTRUCTION PERIOD SEARCH FOR THE
RIGHT

DURING THE

FRONT FOOT OR

SQUARE FOOT OF AREA BASIS

THROUGH AN AGENCY SPACE FOR USE BY TENANTS TO PRODUCE INCOME THE
CITY

II

MEN

TO

EMPLOY
BOTH

COULD DEAL DIRECTLY

WITH THE

AS MALL MANAGER AND CONVENTION CENTER

TRANSPORTATION

AUTHORITY RE

MANAGER THERE ARE
FIELDS

TRANSIT SYSTEM RIGHTSOFWAY FOR AND FOR THE JOINT CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF STATION AREAS ETC THE CI4Y

SPECIALIZED EXPERIENCED

AND REQUIRE
QUALIFIED

AND

PEOPLE

COULD APPLY FOR ANY STATE OR

48

TO PAY THIS AMOUNT WOULD FROM THE GENERAL FUNDS OF COME

THE FUNDS
THE CITY

BUFFALO CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT

OF

BUFFALO THE DOWNTOWN PROJECTED OVER 1967

COMPARISON GOODS SALES ALTERNATIVES 1967
1975

CONCEPT PLAN SHOWS

1980

1985

CBD

SALES LEVEL

INCREASE

SALES OF BETWEEN 60000000

SMSA CBD

AND

COMPARISON GOODS
SALES LEVEL FORECAST

630

790

830

000

84000000
INCREASED

AS SALES

IN

DOWNTOWN
FORECASTS

DURING THE CONSTRUCTION OF MAIN PLACE WE SUGGEST THE BASE YEAR FOR COMPARISON BE THE YEAR IN WHICH THE DECISION TO BUILD THE
MALL TO
IS

UNDER

ALTERNATIVE

PROGRAMS

LOW
HIGH INCREASE

140 140

158 177

166 200

200 224

ANNOUNCED

IT

SEEMS SAFE
INCREASE 1971
TO

OVER IOE

LEVEL

ASSUME

60

MILLION

LOW
HIGH ADDITIONAL

FROM THAT YEAR PROBABLY

18 37
180000SF

26 60
260000SF 600000SF

60 84

1990 THE CONVENTION CENTER
FINANCED
THE WILL

SPACE WARRANTED LOW
HIGH

BE
UNLIKE

100

PER SQUARE FOOT

BY

BOND ISSUE
WILL

MALL WHICH

BE AMORTIZED BY

370000SF

600000SF 840000SF

INCREASED TAX YIELDS NOT BASED ON INCREASED RATES BUT ON NEW

INVESTMENT
WILL

THE

CONVENTION

CENTER

BE AMORTIZED

BY REVENUES

EARNED BY THE CENTER THAT WOULD PRODUCE INCREASED
SALES

TAXES AT THE 1970 ANNUALLY

RATE OF

1800000
REVENUE
THE
IS

THE ESTIMATED BY 1990
REVENUE

INCREASE IN ANNUAL PROPERTY TAX

6900000
TOTAL TAX

IN

CBD THE

WOULD INCREASE
IN

BY

8700000
SINCE THE

VIEW OF WHAT HAS HAPPENED IN

DOWNTOWN BUFFALO
ARTHUR ARCHITECTS
LITTLE

REPORT AND THE

COLLABORATIVE REPORT
THAT THIS

WE

MU ST ASSUME
IMPLEMENTED

STUDY CAN BE ALSO

AND SUCCESSFUL

WITH THE ONGOING CONSTRUCTION OF THE HOUSING PROGRAM THE UNIVERSITY
OF THE THE

UDC

IN

THE ELLICOTT

DISTRICT

AND

WATERFRONT AREA AND THE
OF

PROVIDING

RAPID TRANSIT

BY THE

NIAGARA AUTHORITY THIS

FRONTIER

TRANSPORTATION

PLAN SEEMS TO HAVE
OF

MORE PROMISE
THE HIGHLY

SUCCESS THAN EVEN
DID IN

SUCCESSFUL URBAN

RENEWAL PHASE

1963

IT

11
49

MALL AND

SUBWAY

CONSTRUCTION

PHASING

MALL STRUCTURE AND

MALL LANDSCAPING SPRING ENTIRE PROJECT

SUBWAY IN THREE PHASES BETWEEN 1973 AND 1976 AND SUMMER 1976 CHRISTMAS SHOPPING SEASON COMPLETE IN OCTOBER 1976 READY FOR THE BICENTENNIAL

FIRST

PHASE CONSTRUCTION
19731
975

19731975

THIRD
MAIL

PHASE

CONSTRUCTION

19751976

THEATRE STATION
MALL

19751 976

19741975

50

EL

SECOND PHASE CONSTRUCTION
LAFAYETTE STATION

19741976

THIRD

PHASE CONSTRUCTION

19751976

FIRST

PHASE CONSTRUCTION

19731974

19741976

MAH 19751 976

19751976 MAIL

SUBWAY 19731 974 CATHEDRAL PARK 19731974

II

II

II

II

II

II

III
III

51

II

19701975
MALL

19761980 19731976 SUBWAY
ALONG

19911985

19861990

AND OPEN SPACE
STREET MALI CONSTRUCTION WITH TRANSIT

MAIN

COMPLETE 1976

DOWNTOWN LANDSCAPE
INCLUDING
STREET

PLAN

BEGIN

PROGRAM

COMPLETE PROGRAM

WAYS TREES PARKS
CONSTRUCTION OF DOWNTOWN SECTION FROM CHURCH PORTION UNDER MAIN STREET TO GOODELL SECTION FROM CHURCH TO MICHIGAN
VIA PEARL

RAPID TRANSIT BUFFALOAMHERST

TRANSIT

LINE

COMPLETE REMAINDER OPERATION BEGUN IN 1976

AND SOUTH PARK
LAFAYETTE

KENMOREAIRPORT

LINE

CONSTRUCT STATION

SQUARE

BEGIN CONSTRUCTION

COMPLETE CONSTRUCTION OPERATION BEGUN IN 1985
FURTHER REDUCTION
IN

BUS SYSTEM

TEMPORARY ROUTE REVISIONS
DURING CONSTRUCTION

REDUCTION IN NUMBER OF DOWNTOWN BUS ROUTES
AFTER COMPLETION OF

NUMBER OF BUS ROUTES

BUFFALOAMHERST LINE

TRAFFIC

AND PARKING KENSINGTON INTERCHANGE 19741975

EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM

ELMOAK ARTERIAL
19771 979 BEGIN WEST
SIDE ARTERIAL

COMPLETE WEST SIDE
ARTERIAL

1982

1980

STREET

MAII

SYSTEM RELATED STREETS

PERMANENTLY

CLOSE

PORTIONS

OF

MAIN
EAGLE

GENESSEE MOHAWK COURT
STREETS FOR MALL

ELMWOOD HURON CHIPPEWA
NIAGARA STREETS
PAIKING OFFICE PRIVATE

MAKE
CITY

DIRECTION

SUBWAY CONSTRUCTION CHANGES

COURT

BUILDING

RAMP COMPLETE BY 1975

DEVELOPMENT CONTINUES

AT THE

RATE OF

1000

SPACES PER YEAR

SPACE
OFFICE

SPACE

COMPLETE
MIDLAND

1ST PHASE MARINE CENTER

16

MILLION

SQ

FT

21

MILLION

SQ

FT

15

MILLION

SQ

FT

INCLUDING

MARINE
II

095
GOVERNMENT SPACE

MILLION

SQ

FT

MIDLAND PHASE
OFFICE BUILDING

COMPLETE NEW FEDERAL

NEW CITY

COURT

BUILDING

UTILITY

COMPANIES

NEW TELEPHONE CO
BUILDING

20
TO

STORIES

ADDITIONS

RE

MODELING OF EXISTING TELEPHONE CO BUILDING
RETAIL EXISTING

SPACE SPACE

IMPROVEMENTS

IMPROVEMENTS

NEW SPACE
SPECIAL FACILITIES

250000

SQ

FT

300000

SQ

FT

300000

SQ

FT

250000

SQ

FT

MARINA CONVENTION CENTER HOTELMOTEL

COMPLETE 1972
1ST

BOATING

SEASON
2ND STAGE 1978

STAGE COMPLETED 1975
RENOVATION OF

CONTINUED
STATLERHILTON

NEW HOTEL

WATERFRONT BOATEL 200 ROOMS PHASE NEW HOTEL 200 ROOMS
TRANSPORTATION

400 ROOMS MARINE MIDLAND HOTEL 400 ROOMS BOATEL 200 ROOMS PHASE

NEW

HOTEL

700

ROOMS

NEW HOTEL 600 ROOMS

II

CENTER

COMPLETED 1974 COMPLETED 1973

SPORTS ARENA EDUCATION

COMMUNITY COILEGE
WATERTRENT DEVELOPMENT HOUSING EUBLIC SCHOOL
RETAIL

PHASE 11975

PHASE

II

1980
1100

AREAS

AB

COMPLETE 2800

UNITS

1100

UNITS

200250YEAR

1100

UNITS

UNITS

COMPLETE 1973 COMPLETE 1976 COMPLETE 1976
CONTINUING OVER 20 YEAR

CONVENIENCE
ERIE

QUAL COMMERCIAL

EXISTING

DOWNTOWNHOUSING

REHABILITATION

PERIOD 1100
UNITS

NEW DOWNTOWNHOUSING
52

1100

UNITS

1100

UNITS

TO THE NEW GENERATION

OF

LEADERSHIP

EMERGING IN BUFFALO FALLS THE TASK AND THE UNIQUE OPPORTUNITY OF
MAINTAINING
ADDITIONAL OUT THE

AND GENERATING

MOMENTUM IN

CARRYING

PLAN FOR THE REGIONAL STRONG PARTNERSHIP HAS

CENTER
SEDITA
THE THE

BEEN ESTABLISHED AND
HIS CITY

BETWEEN MAYOR
ADMINISTRATION

BUSINESS

COMMUNITY THROUGH

BUFFALO DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION AND THE STATE THROUGH THE NEW YORK STATE URBAN

DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION THE OPPORTUNITIES AND MECHANISMS

FOR

THEM OUT ARE THERE IT CARRYING REMAINS TO DO THE JOB AS MAYOR
SEDITA HAS SAID
OFFERED
IN

THE OPPORTUNITIES ARE
IN

1971

BUFFALO

NISTORICALLY

EQUALED THE ERIE

ONLY BY THE

COMING

OF

CANAL

II

II

EL

II

II

11

EL

II

CREDITS

COMMISSIONER RICHARD

MILLER

ADVISORS
RALPH EXECUTIVE

DON MCCARTHY VICE PRESIDENT BARNES VICEPRESIDENT
MARINE MIDLAND TRUST

DEPARTMENT OF URBAN RENEWAL 920 CITY HALL
BUFFALO

COMPANY OF

WESTERN NEW YORK
241

NEW YORK 14202

GREATER BUFFALO DEVELOPMENT

MAIN

STREET

THIS

PLAN

IS

REPORT TO THE MAYOR

AND OF BUFFALO FRANK SEDITA CARRIED OUT AT HIS REQUEST WITH THE MAYOR ARE COPARTICIPANTS
THE

NORTON COD COORDINATOR ENE COUNTY BANK BUILDING BUFFALO NEW YORK 14202 LEE 2210
ROBERT

FOUNDATION INC 1308 RAND BUILDING
BUFFALO PAUL

BUFFALO NELSON

NEW YORK 14203
NICHOLS
DIRECTOR INC

JR

NEW YORK 14203 RRICK
DIRECTOR OF PLANNING
OF

EXECUTIVE

BUFFALO URBAN LEAGUE

NEW YORK STATE URBAN

RAMSEY
BANK

DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION EDWARD LOGUE PRESIDENT AND CHIEF
EXECUTIVE OFFICER

SENIOR VICEPRESIDENT BUFFALO SAVINGS

ASSISTANT DIVISION

234 JEFFERSON AVENUE
BUFFALO ROBERT

NEW YORK 14210 RAMSEY
BANK

PLANNING

AND THE GREATER AND

545 MAIN STREET
BUFFALO

202

CITY

HALL

BUFFALO DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION

NEW YORK 14202
OF

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14202

SENIOR VICEPRESIDENT BUFFALO SAVINGS

CLAUDE SCHUCTER PRESIDENT
DAVID

THE CONTENTS

THE PLAN ARE

TERENCE FITZPATRICK SECRETARYMANAGER
BUFFALO CONVENTION

MAIN AND
BUFFALO
VISITORS

STREET

LAUB CHAIRMAN

OF

THE BOARD

COMPOSEDOF
APPOINTED

THE REPORTS OF THE

NEW YORK 14203
ILL

THE MEMBERS OF THE MAYORS CBD STEERING COMMITTEE ARE

FOLLOWING SPECIAL

COMMITTEES

BY THE MAYOR

CBD

STEERING

COMMITTEE CHAIRMAN
DIVISION

CBD

BUREAU INC 164 FRANKLIN STREET
BUFFALO

RAND GEORGE CHAIRMANBOARD
RAND 2200
CAPITAL ERIE

CONVENTION CENTER JOHN
HASSEFT HASSEFT

NEW YORK 14202
TRAVERS JR VICEPRESIDENT
INC
STREET

CORPORATION

EUGENE
PLANNING

FITZGERALD

CHAIRMAN
WILLIAM

DIRECTOR OF PLANNING

OF

COUNTY BANK BUILDING BUFFALO NEW YORK 14202
ADVISORY GARRY

JR

REALTOR

EXECUTIVE
RETAIL

202

INC

MERCHANTS ASSOCIATION

COMMITTEE
DIRECTOR

CITY

HALL

BUFFALO ROBERT

NEW YORK 14202

BANK BUILDING LIBERTY 422 MAIN STREET
BUFFALO

155 FRANKLIN
BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14202

MUNSON EXECUTIVE
FRONTIER

ADAM
MELDRUM

NIAGARA

HOUSING

PRESIDENT

NEW YORK 14202

ADAM

ANDERSON

CBD

HOUSING

DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
126
PEARL STREET

COMPANY
383 MAIN STREET BUFFALO NEW YORK 14205 RALPH BARNES DIRECTOR DEVELOPMENT

MEMBERS
BURNS PRESIDENT GEORGE COPY PRODUCTS INC 23 HURON STREET BUFFALO NEW YORK 14203
ALBERT

CHAI
JOHN
EXECUTIVE

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14202
SIEPER REALTOR
STREET

DONOVAN
VICEPRESIDENT

ARMOND 4612 MAIN

GREATER BUFFALO BOARD OF REALTORS 291

SNYDER NEW YORK 14226

GREATER BUFFALO

FOUNDATION INC 1308 RAND BUILDING
BUFFALO RICHARD

COOPER MANAGER
DEPARTMENT

DELAWARE AVENUE BUFFALO NEW YORK 14202

CBD

TRANSPORTATION

TRANSIT

AREA PROMOTION
BUFFALO AREA

EXPRESSWAYS

NEW YORK 14203
DANFORTH

CHAMBER OF COMMERCE

MEMBERS
WILLIAM

238 MAIN STREET
BUFFALO

DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR DEPARTMENT OF URBAN RENEWAL 920
CITY HALL

NEW YORK 14202 FONDA
PRESIDENT TRUST NATIONAL BANK

ACKENDORF BUFFALO AREA MANAGER
NIAGARA

CHAIRMAN
CLAUDE
CORPORATION CHIEF

SHUCHTER PRESIDENT
OFFICER

AVERY
LIBERTY

MOHAWKPOWER

EXECUTIVE

BUFFALO FRANCIS

NEW YORK 14202
FAUST
OFFICER STATE

COMPANY
422 MAIN STREET
BUFFALO

535 WASHINGTON STREET BUFFALO NEW YORK 14203

MANUFACTURERS

TRADERS TRUST

COMPANY
PLAZA BUFFALO

JAMES
ERIE

AMMON
BANK

LOCAL EXECUTIVE

NEW YORK 14202
HARPER CHAIRMAN BOARD

SENIOR VICEPRESIDENT

NEW YORK 14203

NEW YORK
2222

URBAN DEVELOPMENT

HENRY
CITY

CORPORATION
MILLERSPORT

COUNTY SAVINGS MAIN PLACE
BUFFALO

MEMBERS
RALPH EXECUTIVE

PLANNING

GETZVILLE

HIGHWAY NEW YORK 14068 CHAIRMAN

DELAWARE AVENUE BUFFALO NEW YORK 14203
120 WILLIAM

NEW YORK 14202
BLAIR

BARNES
VICEPRESIDENT

DONALD
BUILDING 1685

PRESIDENT

GREATER BUFFALO DEVELOPMENT

JOHN
ADVISORY

GALVIN

GREATER BUFFALO COMMUNITY

KING VICEPRESIDENT MANUFACTURERS AND TRADERS

TRADES COUNCIL

FOUNDATION INC
1308 BUFFALO DONALD

ELMWOOD AVENUE

COMMITTEE

TRUST

COMPANY
PLAZA

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14207
GRANT CRUMPLEY PLANNING

RAND BUILDING NEW YORK 14203

NEW YORK STATE URBAN DEVELOPMENT
CORPORATION BUFFALO

REVEREND

KETCHUM

NEW YORK 14202
LEVIN

MEMBER
PASTOR 174

CITY

BOARD

718 MARINE TRUST BUILDING 237 MAIN
BUFFALO
STREET

LEONARD
LEVIN

BETHEL

AME CHURCH

REGIONAL DIRECTOR NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION GENERAL BUILDING 125

NEW YORK 14202

FREEDMAN INC
SQUARE

JEWETT

PARKWAY

HOTEL STATLERHILTON NIAGARA BUFFALO ROBERT

BUFFALO ARTHUR

NEW YORK 14214
LEWIN

DONOVAN STATE

OFFICE

JOHN LATONA PROJECT DIRECTOR NEW YORK STATE URBAN DEVELOPMENT
CORPORATION

NEW YORK 14202
ZUGGER GENERAL MANAGER SQUARE

LEWINMEYERS COMPANY 4525 MAIN STREET
BUFFALO

MAIN

STREET

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14203

2222

MILLERSPORT

GETZVILLE

HIGHWAY NEW YORK 14068

HOTEL STATLERHILTON NIAGARA BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14226

NEW YORK 14202

54

JOHN NASCA

NASCA
NASCA

ATTORNEY

WILLIAM
BUFFALO

SAVINGS

HARDER PRESIDENT BANK

CBD

ERIE COUNTY

COMMUNITY

ADVISORS
RALPH

COLLEGE

405 WALBRIDGE 43 COURT
BUFFALO PAUL
STREET

BUILDING

545 MAIN
BUFFALO DAVID

BARNES DIRECTOR

STREET

NEW YORK 14203 LAUB CHAIRMAN
CHIEF MIDLAND EXECUTIVE TRUST
OF

CHAIRMAN
THE

GREATER BUFFALO DEVELOPMENT

NEW YORK 14202
ROHRDANZ

DR JOSEPH MANCH
BOARD 712
BUFFALO
OF

SUPERINTENDENT

FOUNDATION INC 1308 RAND BUILDING
BUFFALO

BOARD
INC MARINE

OFFICER

EDUCATION
HALL

NEW YORK 14203

THE KLEINHANS

COMPANY

COMPANY OF

CITY

MAIN AND CLINTON STREETS
BUFFALO

WESTERN NEW YORK 237 MAIN
BUFFALO DANIEL
STREET

NEW YORK 14202

BRUCE GARVER ARCHITECT DEPARTMENT 920 CITY HALL
BUFFALO
OF

URBAN RENEWAL

NEW YORK 14203 THOMPSON
FRONTIER

GORDON
NIAGARA

NEW YORK 14202 RANSOM
STREET

MEMBERS
THE HONORABLE ALBERT CHAIRMAN
EDUCATION
ERIE

NEW YORK 14202
SHENTON PRESIDENT

URBAN TRANSPORTATION PLANNER
TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY 1600 STATLERHILTON BUFFALO ALEX NIAGARA

PRESIDENT

ABGOTT JAMES COUNTY COMMUNITY COLLEGE MAIN AND YOUNG ROAD
ERIE

THE WILLIAM 465 MAIN
BUFFALO WILLIAM

HENGERER COMPANY

COMMITTEE

HOTEL

NEW YORK 14203
SMITH INC
PRESIDENT

NEW YORK 14203
TRUMBLE PRESIDENT
FRONTIER TRANSIT

COUNTY LEGISLATURE 25 DELAWARE AVENUE BUFFALO NEW YORK 14202

WILLIAMSVILLE

NEW YORK 14221

HENS
BUFFALO HARLAN
ERIE ERIE

KELLY

COMMONCOUNCIL
CHESTER
OF

SYSTEM INC

478 MAIN

STREET

MAX
CHAIRMAN CHAIRMAN

CLARKSON BUFFALO

855 MAIN STREET
BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14202
SWIFT PRESIDENT

CAC

GORSKI PRESIDENT
ARTHUR
DISTRICT

THE COUNCIL

NEW YORK 14203
UMIKER
ENGINEER
OF ERIE

GRAPHIC CONTROLS

GEORGE
ELLICOTT

COUNCILMAN

CORPORATION 189

ED WARD

73

BANK BUILDING BUFFALO NEW YORK 14202
ADVISORY HOLLAND

COUNTY SAVINGS COUNTY SAVINGS

BANK

VAN RENSSELAER

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14210
HETTRICK MIDLAND PRESIDENT TRUST

WILLIAM

BUYERS COUNCILMAN DAURIA COUNCILMAN FRANCZYK COUNCILMAN
DISTRICT

NORTH DISTRICT WILLIAM
AT

45 CHURCH STREET
BUFFALO

JOHN

NEW YORK 14202

COMMITTEE
JEWETT

MARINE

COMPANY OF

LARGE

WESTERN NEW YORK MANAGER
241

AUGUSTINE FILLMORE DANIEL

ADVISORS
STUART

MAIN

STREET

BUILDINGS MARINE

DEPARTMENT
TRUST

ALEXANDER

MIDLAND

COMPANY OF

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14203
LUDERA

HIGGINS COUNCILMAN
DISTRICT

COMMUNITY PLANNER BUFFALO AREA CHAMBEROF COMMERCE 238
MAIN STREET BUFFALO

WESTERN NEW YORK
241 MAIN
STREET

THE HONORABLE FRANK
MINORITY LEADER
ERIE COUNTY LEGISLATURE 25 DELAWARE AVENUE

SOUTH WILLIAM

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14203
NORTON CBD COORDINATOR COUNTY BANK BUILDING

NEW YORK 14202
PAASWELL

LEE 2210
BUFFALO

PROFESSOR ROBERT

ERIE

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14202
TAURIELLO

HOYT COUNCILMAN DELAWARE DISTRICT HORACE JOHNSON COUNCILMAN MASTEN DISTRICT

RAYMONDLEWANDOWSKI
COUNCILMAN LOVEJOY DISTRICT DELMAR MITCHELL COUNCILMAN
AT

FACULTY OF ENGINEERING OF NEW YORK AT STATE UNIVERSITY
BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14202

THE HONORABLE JOSEPH

EDWARD SEEBURG 1404 MAIN PLACE
BUFFALO

MEMBER
ERIE COUNTY LEGISLATURE 25 DELAWARE AVENUE

LARGE

3435

MAIN STREET

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14214

NEW YORK 14202

ANDREW ATLARGE
CARL NIAGARA ALFREDA
AT

MORRISEY COUNCILMAN

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14202
WESSEL PRESIDENT

CBD

MAIN STREET

MALL

LEON SIDELL GENESEE BUILDING WEST GENESEE
BUFFALO
STREET

GEORGE
BUFFALO

PERLA

JR COUNCILMAN
COUNCILMAN

PARKING

COMMITTEE

AFLCIO

COUNCIL

DISTRICT

NEW YORK 14202
TRAVERS

CHAIRMAN
JOHN DIEBOLD ILL PRESIDENT WESTERN NEW YORK SAVINGS BANK
CHARLES
RETAIL

1334 PRUDENTIAL BUILDING BUFFALO NEW YORK 14202

SLOMINSKI

LARGE
STALL

JR

HENRY
UNIVERSITY

JR COUNCILMAN
COUNCILMAN

EXECUTIVE

VICEPRESIDENT

DISTRICT

MERCHANTS ASSOCIATION

GERALD
AT

ALEN

428 MAIN
BUFFALO

STREET

NEW YORK 14202

400 EDWARDS BUILDING BUFFALO NEW YORK 14202
CHARLES

LARGE

MEMBERS
ROBERT

ADAM
MELDRUM

PRESIDENT

TURNER CHAIRMAN BOARD OF PARKING 1220
CITY HALL

ADAM
383

ANDERSON

COMPANY
MAIN STREET

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14202

RN

BUFFALO LOUIS

NEW YORK 14205
BERGER JR PRESIDENT

BERGER INC 514 MAIN STREET
BUFFALO WILLIAM

LL

NEW YORK 14202
GOECKEL PRESIDENT COMPANY INC

OTTO ULBRICH 446

MAIN

STREET

BUFFALO

NEW YORK 14202
55

TECHNICAL

SUPPORT FOR THE PLAN BY THE FOLLOWING

II

WAS SUPPLIED

II
THE
PLAN

WAS PREPARED BY TODD
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECTS
PLANNERS

WALLACE MCL4ARG ROBERTA
ARCHITECTS

URBAN

ECOLOGICAL

II

1740 CHERRY STREET PHILADELPHIA
PENNSYLVANIA

THOMAS

03215 5630890 TODD PARTNERINCHARGE
191

NI

AND DESIGN PARTNER
ARLO BRAUN PROJECT DIRECTOR CONSULTANTS
FOR

TRANSPORTATION

AND PARKING

WERE
AUBOCLATEE
BUFFALO

MAN

VOORHEES

LN
170 FRANKLIN STREET

NEW YORK 14202716
DANIEL

8545383
PLANNER

HOYT PROJECT DIRECTOR
TRANSPORTATION

KEES NIJE

MARKET AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS
LARRY SMITH

420 LEXINGTON

NEW YORK
EVERETT

COMPANY INC AVENUE NEW YORK 14202716 8545383
STEICHEN VICEPRESIDENT
HALL

CONVENTION
FEASIBILITY TEXT

ECONOMIC

PORTIONS OF SUMMARY

USED
ASSOCIATES

ROBERT GLADATONE CONVENTION DESIGN
HALL

DIAGRAMMATIC

WALLACE MCHARG ROBERTS DESIGNED BY THOMAS
REPORT GRAPHICS ORGANIZATION

TODD

TODD

TEXT BASIC

AND FORMAT

WALLACE MCHARG ROBERTS

TODD

BOOK DESIGN

FOR

THE REPORT

WAS PERFORMED BY
KRAMER MILLER
PHILADELPHIA PRINTED
PEARL

LOMDEN GLASSMAN

BY
LIBERTY

PRESSMAN

INCORPORATED

PHILADELPHIA

56

INDUSTRIAL

PLAN

BUFFALO MASTER PLAN
CHAPTER
VII

IN
PS

MAJOR TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES
HAVE SIGNIFICANTLY INDUSTRY OF ING
CITY

IN

MANUFACTURING

ECONOMY APPENDIX
JOBS THESE IN THE

WHICH

ESTIMATES

700000 OF
OL

ALTERED CHATTGES

THE LAND REQUIREMENTS FOR
INITIATED TO

BUFLALO METROPOLITAN

AREA BY 1990
ARE IN

THESE

THE FAMILIAR THE SUBURBS

TREND

JOBS MORE THAN ONEHALF

THE

FIELDS

INDUSTRIES

MIGRATING

DUR
EFLECT

MANUFACTURING MOTOR
WHOLESALE TRADE
PUBLIC
UTILITIES

THE PAST

TWO DECADES

THE SNOWBALL

WAREHOUSING FREIGHT AND CONSTRUCTION TRANSPORTATION
OF THE MASTER PLAN WILL OF THESE JOBS

AND

THE LOCATIONAL OF THIS TREND HAS AFFECTED
OF

PREFERENCES

THIS SECTION
OF THE

MANY NEW
OUTSIDE

INDUSTRIES

IN

THAT THEY ALSO SEEK LOCA

PROVIDE ESTIMATES

NUMBER

WHICH

TIONS

THE CITY T4E
FOR SUFFICIENT

REASON FOR THIS DECISION

IS

CAN BE EXPECTED TO BE LOCATED

IN

BUFFALO

THE
IN THE

THE DEMAND
HORIZONTAL

SPACE TO ACCOMMODATE
CITIES

AND
CITY

SIZE

OF INDUSTRY

BEST SUITED

FOR LOCATION

PRODUCTION
LEFT

METHODS FREQUENTLY
LARGE

HAVE BEEN
OFTEN

WITH

NUMBER

OF OBSOLETE

AND

AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THESE ESTIMATES INTO PLAN TO GIVE GENERAL DEVELOPMENTAL AN INDUSTRIAL
GUIDELINES
THE

VACANT MULTISTORY

LOFT

BUILDINGS

THE

ABILITY

PLAN INDICATES
CITY TO

OF THE CITY
LY

OF BUFFALO TO DEVELOP
IS

PLAN TO ADEQUATE
TO THE

AREAS OF THE VACANT LAND

REMAIN
FOR

INDUSTRIAL

MEET THIS SITUATION

OF MAJOR IMPORTANCE
OF THE CITY

SUITABLE

IMMEDIATE
FOR THIS

INDUSTRIAL

LONGRANGE ECONOMIC VITALITY
TRIAL

THE INDUS PROGRAM

DEVELOPMENT
EXISTING
FOR

OR TO BE RESERVED AREAS

PURPOSE

PLAN

IS

AN IMPORTANT

PART OF

TOTAL

NONINDUSTRIAL

TO

BE

REDEVELOPED

OF

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT THE SCOPE
OF THE

INDUSTRY
AREAS TO BE VACATED FOR ANOTHER

PROBLEM

IS

SET FORWARD IN

THE

INDUSTRIAL

PURPOSE

VII

INDUSTRIAL

PLAN

OBJECTIVES

AND POLICIES

THE

INDUSTRIAL

PLAN

PROPOSES

THE CONSOLIDATION

AND THE ORDERLY DEVELOPMENT OF INDUSTRIAL CENTER OF MANUFACTURING AND HEAVY INDUSTRY FOLLOWING ITS BROUGHT ABOUT BY THE OLD ERIE CANAL SLUMP OCCURRED
ACTIVITY AFTER

OF EXISTING INDUSTRIAL GROWTH BUFFALO BECAME
IN

AREAS

MAJOR COMMERCIAL PEAK
INDUSTRIAL

PROSPECTS IMPROVEMENT OF BUFFALOS ECONOMY LIE IN THE EXPANSION OF SERVICES AND OTHER NONMANUFACTURING ITSELF AS EMPLOYMENT WHILE STABILIZING MANUFACTURING CENTER JOB
II

WORLD WAR

FAVORABLE

FOR

DEVELOPMENT PLANNING

AND

MANPOWERTRAINING
INDUSTRIAL OF

SPECIFIC

ARE IMPORTANT FOLLOW POLICIES

CONSIDERATIONS

IN

INDUSTRIAL

REMOVAL
INDUSTRIAL

SUK

STTLICTURES

FACILITIES OBSOLETE AND DETERIORATING SHOULD BE REHABILITATED OR CLEARED

IMPROVED ENVIRONMENT SHOULD BE SOUGHT AS FOR NEW FACILITIES ENCOURAGE
INDUSTRIAL

FOR EXISTING

USES AS WELL

AND TO OPPORTUNITIES REVENUES FOR OTHER PROGRAMS INDUSTRIAL
BUILD

IN ORDER TO SUPPLY EMPLOYMENT DEVELOPMENTS INCREASE THE CITYS TAX BASE TO ASSIST IN PROVIDING

OR EXPAND IN KEEPING
THE SKILLED

USES WILL BE ENCOURAGED TO WITH THE PROPOSALS OF THE MASTER PLAN

INCREASE
INDIVIDUALS

PROGRAMS

LABOR SUPPLY THROUGH TRAINING OR RETRAINING AN INCREASE IN THE SKILLED LABOR SUPPLY WILL BOTH ASSIST AND ATTRACT NEW EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
IN TO

CONCENTRATE RELATED
FUNCTION

INDUSTRIAL USES USES WHICH ARE RELATED SHOULD BE ENCOURAGED TO DEVELOP IN CLOSE PROXIMITY

ONE

ANOTHER
BUFFERS

SHOULD
EMPLOYMENT
THE RATE

INCOMPATIBLE

USES

PATTERNS AND TRENDS OF INDUSTRIAL

LOCATION

BUFFALO

DURING THE LAST TWO DECADES HAS BEEN DECLINING
IN

PERCENTAGEWISE
INDUSTRIES

AND

NUMERICALLY

MANUFACTURING

EVEN

IN

EXPERIENCING

EMPLOYMENT INCREASES
CITY IS AFFECTED THE CHOICE OF OUTSIDE THE CITY

OF GROWTH HAS BEEN RELATIVELY BY THE OUTMIGRATION OF CITY FIRMS TO SUBURBAN

SLOW
LOCATIONS

THE
AND BEYOND

FIRMS

LOCATING

IN

THE METROPOLITAN

AREA OF SITES

BOUNDARIES
OF EXISTING INDUSTRIES WITHIN THE CITY USED RING ANALYSIS LOCATION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE ZONES RELEVANT TO INDUSTRY TYPES INFLURENCE WERE STUDIED AND THE RESULTS ARE SUMMARIZED FACTORS

STUDY OF THE LOCATION

METHOD THE
AND LOCATIONAL
IN

TABLE

AND TABLE

VII

TAFLLE

WCATJON CHARACTERISTICS

OF INDUSTRIAL

ZONES

IN

BUFRAW

INNER ZONE

MIDDLE

ZONE

OUTER ZONE

WTERLRONT

ZONE
DESCRIPTION

INNER CITY IS SMALL AND GOODS NTANULACTURING SMALL AND IUJSIIIOG INDUSLRIES OCCOPY ONLY FLOOR AREA RATIOS PORTION OT THE TOTAL AREA AND ETEPTOVE DENSITIES ARE HIGH SIZABLE IS PORTION 01 GOODS HANDLING EMPLOYMENT EON CENTRATED IS THIS ZONE

MOD OL THE SPACE IS LARGER TINTS INNER OILY DEVOTED TO GOODS HANDLING FIRM FLOOR AREA RATIOS ADD EMPLOYEE DENSITIES ARE LOWER HOT THE TWO LOSER NONES EMPLOY NEARLY TWOTHIRDS OF ALL GOODS ISANDLTNG WORKER IN THE CITY

01 DISTINCT TIISTRICIS THIS IS IANL AREA WITH NHLTOHEE FLOOR AREA RATIOS VARY BUT ARE GENERALLY TEUCH TOWER SIMILARLY EMPLOYEE DENSITIES ARE TOWER MUCHLAND USED BR RAILROAD TEROTITHALI DOCKS AREA CONTAINS INDUSTRIAL LAND RESERVES SUITABLE FOR DEVELOPING URBAN INDOSTRIAL PARHA WITH AEEOMPAZTYIS AMENITIES AND

PRESTIGE ZONE LOCATIONAL HIGH ACCENSIBILILY TO INNER OTTY MARKETS BR US STANDARDIZED TIMESENSITIES PRODUCTS GOOD OF LINKAGE TO BUSINESS SENICE REQUIREMENTS OF BERED ONLY TS THIS INNER CITY AVAILABILITY ESCELLEST VARIED AND FLESILSIE WORKGORES UTILIZING PUBLIC TRANSIT FACILITIES LONER CITY SERVICES AND MARKETS HIGHLY DESIRABLE POINT OF DISTRIBUTION WITH ADDED CALL ACCESS TO POST OFFICE LESSTITANCARLOAD FACILITIES GOOD LOCATION IS REGIONAL MARKETS AND THE AVAILABILITY NBA LARGE LOWWAGEWORK ACCESSIBLE
TO TN METAL WORKING INDUSTRIES LINITAGEN 01 LARGE SKLLIED WORKFORCE TRANSPORTED BY AUTOMOBILE SOD POBLIC TRANSL GOOD RAIL AND PORT ACCESS BR HEAVY BULKY IMPORTS AND ESYORT ANSI 01 ABUNDANT PROCESS AND ROOLLER EATER IRONT ABILITY LAKES SOCEITENL POINT 01 SIRTBUTION WITH RIVEN AND WELLS QUICK ACCESS TO INTERREGIONAL HIGHWAYO

INTERINDUSTRY
AVAILABILITY

MVSSTSGES

FORCE

VIA

PUBLIC TRANSIT

ZONE
INDUSTRY RETENTION FACTORS

SMALL

LIRMS ARE ABLE TO UTILIGE UNSPECIALIZED BUILDINGS FIRMS RAN APACE IN MULTISTORY TOLERATE CONGESTION SMALL VOLUME HIGH VALUE GOODS AND DO SOT GENERATE NUISANCES

GREATER NEED INC SPECIALIZED SPACE CE QUIREMENTS INC HIGH VOLUME01 GOODS HANDLING MERCHANDISE TOLERANCE OF NUISANCE AND CON GERTON ALTHOUGH MJISANCE GENERATION IS MODERATE
SLIGHTLY

MEDIUM

AND LARGE FIRMS CAN PROVIDE SERVICE CC QUIREMENIS FIRMS WITH ESTONSIVE LAND REQUIREMENTS BUT LOW PER SQOARE FOOTPRODUCTIVITY TAO FIND ADEQUATE SITES NOOHONO PROCESSES ARE TOLERATED LOW CONT FOR LARGE HAND SITES HIGHER WAGES ALLOW INC WORK FORCE SPREAD THIN TO DRIVE GREATER DISTANCES TO WORK ADEQUATE LAND AVAILABLE FOR ESPENSIOS VACANT LAND AVAILABLE IN LARGE TRACTS ALTHOUGH TOUCH OF THIS LASD REQEIRES PUBLIC ATITITHES AND BETTER ACCESS

ON

VEESM

LAND AND SPACE IN ZONE

DITION

LIMITED SUPPLY 01 VACANT LAND ALTHOUGH SUPPLY VACANT FLOOR SPECS IS AVAILABLE IN VARIED CON AND PRICE THIS AMIS HAS HIGHEST INDUSTRIAL

SMALL SUPPLY OF EZISTING VACANT LAND HOWEVER INDUSIRTAL RENEWAL WILI MAKE ADDITLOONI APACE AVAILABLE

RAT

AS

TURANWER

TABLE

2FACTORS INFLUENCING
LOCATION

INDUSTRIAL

LOCACIONAL FACTORS
ABILITY TO
FOR

INFLUENCING

FACTORS

PAY

LAND

VALUE

ADDED PER WORKER FLOOR AREA RATIO VALUE ADDED PER SQUARE FOOT OF
FLOOR

SPACE
LOCATION
OF

ECONOMIC
CENTRAL

ADVANTAGES OF WILL LOCATIONS
FOR

EXISTING
LAR

SIMI

INGNESS TO PAY LOCATION

CENTRAL

MARKET ANDOR LABOR STIPPLY LINKAGES FORCE AND TRANSPORTATION REQUIREMENTS

FIRMS

ABILITY

TO DO WITHOUT

BUSI

NESS SERVICES

DEPENDENCE UPON BUSI NESS SERVICES FIRM SIZE
DISTRIBUTION

ABILITY TRACTS
OF

TO

UTILIZE

SNIL

FIRM

SIZE

AND
PLANT

LOCATION
PLOT

LAND

TYPICAL PARKING

SIZE

REQUIREMENTS

OF NUISANCES GENERATION OF NUISANCES AND SENSITIVITY TO NUL TOLERATION

ZONING CLASSIFICATION FIRM LOCATION WITHIN
DUSTRIAL DISTRICT

IN

SANCE REGULATIONS SPECIAL RESOURCE OR FA CILITY REQUIREMENTS DESIRE
TO

RAIL PORT

SIDING WATER TRANS AND COOLING WATER GROWTHRATE
OF

RESERVE

LAND

INDUSTRY

FOR FUTURE

GROWTH

SPEED CHANGE

TECHNOLOGICAL

II

113

4AL

UMPI
SA

NUMBER

IN

C1

M4W

JJ
LOCATION OF MAJOR INDUSTRIES FIGURE

VII4

TABLE

3CITYWIDE NO NO

DISTRIBUTION
TOTAL

OF INDUSTRIAL

FIRMS BY ZONE
FLOOR SPACE PER EMPLOYEE
303

OF

OF

FLOOR AREA

FLOOR AREA RATIO

ZONE

FIRMS 36 114
192

EMPLOYEES

SQ FT
9992

EMPLOYEES PER ACRE 177 105 55 68

LAND AREA

SQ FT ACRES
8080

ACRES PER 1000 EMPLOYCEG

3271 20051 37623 60945

83127
172835 265954

123 100

57 68

415 459 436

83538 300959
392477

185 1918 6907 9010

56 95
184 148

TOTALS

342

EXISTIN6

INDUSTRIAL

LAND

RI

VIX5

RV INDUSTRY THE

EMPLOYMENT LOCATION

PATTERN OF MAJOR INDUSTRIES IS CONTAINED IN THE FIGURE CONDUCTED FOR THIS ANALYSIS SURVEY WAS LIMITED TO THOSE FIRMS EMPLOYING 25 OR MORE PERSONS EACH FIRM WAS CLASSIFIED ACCORDING TO THE STANDARD INDUSTRIAL 3DIGIT CLASSIFICATION CODE AND SURVEYED FOR INFORMATION RELATING TO THE NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES TOTAL FLOOR AREA AND TOTAL
INDUSTRIAL SITE

DISTRIBUTION

AREA

FROM

THIS

INFORMATION

TO FLOOR AREA RATIO

PER EMPLOYEE THE END RESULT

RATIOS WERE OBTAINED PERTAINING TOTAL FLOOR AREA DIVIDED BY TOTAL SITE AREA FLOOR SPACE EMPLOYEES PER ACRE AND ACRES PER ONE THOUSAND EMPLOYEES OF THIS

VALUABLE UTILIZATION

INDUSTRIAL WAS THE DEVELOPMENT OF STANDARDS FOR ANALYSIS THE FUTURE SPACE REQUIREMENTS DETERMINING OF INDUSTRY IN THE CITY OF BUFFALO TABLE SUMMARIZES ON ZONE BASIS THE INFORMATION OBTAINED FROM THE

SURVEY EMPLOYMENT CONCENTRATIONS SHOWN IN TABLE THE OUTER ZONE CONTAIN NEARLY TWOTHIRDS OF THE PRESENT INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT AND THE BULK OF THE HEAVY INDUSTRIAL USES THE MIDDLE ZONE CONTAINS ONETHIRD OF THE INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT WHICH IS CHARACTERIZED BOTH HEAVY AND LIGHT MANUFACTURING USES BY THE INNER ZONE HAS ONLY PERCENT OF INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYMENT ON PERCENT OF THE INDUSTRIAL LAND AND MOST INDUSTRIES ARE CONFINED TO LIGHT MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
AND WATERFRONT
IN
IT

IN

TERMS

OF

ORDER TO ASCERTAIN

THE

AMOUNT
ESTIMATES

WAS NECESSARY

OF LAND REQUIRED

BY INDUSTRY

IN

THE FUTURE

TO ESTIMATE THESE

FUTURE

AND THEN TRANSLATE

EMPLOYMENT ACCORDING
INTO FUTURE SPACE
IS

TO INDUSTRY

REQUIREMENTS

GROUP BASED

UPON ACCEPTABLE STANDARDS BY 1990 IT AREA OF BUFFALO WILL HAVE APPROXIMATELY
OF

MANUFACTURING

CONTINUATION
IN

THESE EMPLOYED PERSONS

ESTIMATED THAT THE METROPOLITAN 000 PERSONS EMPLOYED IN THE FIELD OF PAST TRETIDS WILL PLACE ABOUT 45 000 OF

193

THE CITY

SPACE STANDARDS AND LAND SUPPLY
THE VARIABLE
OF FINDING

WAYS

IN

WHICH INDUSTRIES

UTILIZE

SPACE COMPLICATE

THE

PROBLEMS
ANALYSIS

SUITABLE

LOCATIONS

THERE ARE SEVERAL MEANS USES FLOOR SPACE PER WORKER AND
INDICATED THAT FIRMS

FOR MANUFACTURING AND DISTRIBUTION OF EXPRESSING INDUSTRIAL SPACE USE FLOOR

ACTIVITIES

THIS

AREA RATIO

THE

INDUSTRIAL

HAVE GROUP TOGETHER DETERMINING LAND REQUIREMENTS THEREFORE REQUIRES THE ESTABLISHMENT OF STANDARD FLOOR AREA AND FLOOR SPACE PER WORKER RATIOS IN EACH INDUSTRIAL ZONE EVEN THOUGH THESE STANDARDS WILL VARY SOMEWHAT FOR SPECIFIC INDUSTRY GROUPS WITHIN EACH ZONE TABLE SUMMARIZES THESE

WITH COMPARABLE FLOOR AREA RATIOS

SURVEY TENDENCY TO

STANDARDS
APPLICABLE

FOR EMPLOYEES PER ACRE AND ACRES PER ONE THOUSAND EMPLOYEES ARE SIMILARLY CONTAINED IN TABLE THESE STANDARDS ARE NECESSARY TO DETERMINE THE AMOUNT OF LAND INDUSTRY CAN BE EXPECTED TO OCCUPY WITH KNOWN EMPROYMENT ESTIMATES WHEN APPLIED TO THE ESTIMATED NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES
IN

STANDARDS

EACH

ZONE

THE RESULT

INDICATED

NEED FOR APPROXIMATELY

14W

ACRES OF

VZI6

ACREAGE REQUIREMENTS
228

1138 1374

ZONE

OUTER AND ACRES 1000
559 182 629 126 842 451 155
PER 62 243 20 135 283 267 422 220 722
20 35

WATERFRONT
441 818 205 747 813 121 175 832 1000 913 757 980 787 676 687 578 665 179
PER

617

EMPLOYEES
150
50 30

PERCENT
ZONE
IN

MIDDLE
ZONE

333

EMPLOYEES ACRE

ZONE
BY

DISTRIBTJTIO
EMPWYMEI
TABLE

INNER

166 127

37 374 13

25

78 41 46

115 99

FLOORSPACE EMPLOYEE
PER
NO

300

450 600

STANDARDS FLOORAREA RATIO MACHINERY METALS MACHINERY INSTRUMENTS METALS INDUSTRIAL EMPLOYEES 1100 11400 32500 45000 FOOD TEXTILES APPAREL LURIBER FURNITURE PAPER PRINTING CHEMICALS FUELS RUBBER STONE PRIMARY FABRICATED NONELECTRICAL ELECTRICAL TRANSPORTATION PRECISION MISCELLANEOUS TOTAL ESTIMATED 5PROPOSED
15 10 05
OF

TABLE

ZONE

INDUSTRIAL REFLECT
IN

FOR MANUFACTURING PURPOSES THE PROPOSED MODERN TREND TOWARD LOWER EMPLOYMENT DENSITIES GROUND FLOOR SPACE REQUIREMENTS LAND THE
IS

INDUSTRIAL

STANDARDS

IMPOSED BY INCREASES

WHOLESALE TRADE EMPLOYMENT

EXPECTED TO INCREASE

SIZABLY

IN

THE CITY

FOR FOUR

REASONS

THE ADVANTAGES
METROPOLITAN BUFFALOS

OF BUFFALO

AS

CENTRAL

CITY

OFFER

AS

CENTER FOR

AREA DISIRIBUTION AS
TRANSPORTATION TRANSFER

IMPORTANCE

POINT AND

THE USE
STREETS

OF OBSOLETE INDUSTRIAL FOR

SITES
LOGICAL

WELL

SERVED BY RAILROADS

WAREHOUSING

IS

REPLACEMENT
BETWEEN

THE

AREAS SITUATED LOCATION OF PROPOSED DISTRIBUTION THE CENTRAL CRE OF THE CITY AND THE SUBURBS IN ADDITION TRANSPORTATION
FACILITIES

IDEAL

AMPLE

WATER

RAIL

AND HIGHWAYS

ARE PROVIDED

PERCENTAGEWISE THE CITY COULD OBTAIN 70 PERCENT OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA WHICH BY 1990 SHOULD EXCEED 23 000 JOBS IN THE EMPLOYMENT IN THIS FIELD THE WORKER DENSITY OF 22 EMPLOYEES PER ACRE FROM THE INVENTORY CITY USING HE 1990 LAND FOR WAREHOUSING USES SHOULD INCREASE TO 1050 ACRES APPROXIMATELY

REQUIRE

THE PLAN FOR INDUSTRY

PLAN INDICATES THE PROPOSED INDUSTRIAL AREAS FOR INDUSTRY WAREHOUSING AND MIXED AREAS OF BOTH ACTIVITIES THE DISTRIBUTION WHILE NOT DRASTICALLY PLAN DIFFERENT FROM THAT WHICH EXISTS TODAY STRONGLY URGES CAPITALIZATION UPON TRANSPORTATION ADVANTAGES INDUSTRIAL USES TO OTHER MAJOR EFFICIENT UTILIZATION OF THESE INDUSTRIAL WITHIN THE CITY AND DEFINES THE RELATIONSHIP LAND USES IN ADDITION IT IMPLIES OF

THE

MORE
ARE

AREAS

THE
FIGURE

INDUSTRIAL

LOCATIONS

ACCESSIBLE
DISTRIBUTION

BY CITY AND SUBURBAN EMPLOYEES PATTERN FOR INDUSTRIAL
OF THE RAILROAD THERE LAND

SHOWS

THE PROPOSED

USE
IN

THE

LOCATION

FACILITIES FUTURE

TOTAL OF 2250 WAS MORE THAN ACRES OF RAILROAD OF WHICH 900 ACRES WERE USED FOR RAIL FACILITIES VACANT RAILROAD LAND LAND WITHIN INDUSTRIAL LAND USE AREAS HAS BEEN PROPOSED FOR FUTURE INDUSTRIAL

LOCATING LAND USE INDICATED

AND DIFFERENTIATING

THE CITY WAS INDUSTRIAL AREAS

MAJOR FACTOR IN THE SURVEY OF EXISTING

WHILE VACANT RAILROAD LAND ON THE PERIPHERY BEEN PROPOSED FOR OTHER USES

OF INDUSTRIAL

AREAS HAS GENERALLY

THE

ORIENTATION

OF THE RAILROADS

IN

BUFFALO

MAKES
IN

IT

DIFFICULT

TO ALTER

INDUSTRIAL

LAND USES APPRECIABLY ACTIVITIES IN PROXIMITY

THE
TO

PLAN

CONCENTRATES INDUSTRIAL
RAIL

AND DISTRIBUTION

MAJOR

SYSTEMS

THE CITY

TABLE

WHOLESALE TRADE
IN

EMPLOTHE

19291967

THOUSANDS SMSA

YEAR 1929 1939 1948 1954 1958 1963
1967

CITY

146 106 174 187 180 152 164
WHOLESALE TRADE
IN

156 117 201 238 225 216 249

936 906 866 786 800 694 659
19751990

TABLE

EMPLOYMENT PROJECTED

THOUSANDS CITY SMSA

YEAR
1975

CITY

AS

1980
1985

1990

176 193 204 231
ACREAGE ADJUSTMENTS BASED

284
297

313 330
INDUSTRY

TAB

620 650 650 700
AND

1990

WHOLESALE

LAND REQUIREMENTS INDUSTRY

WHOLESA1E
TOTAL LAND AREAS ALLOCATED INDUSTRY
IN

UPON EMPLOYMENT ESTIMATES 1374 ACRES 1050 2424 ACRES

WHOLESA1E
MIXED

PROPOSED LAND USE PLAN 1050 ACRES
503 1087 2640

INDUSTRY AND WHOLESALEAWAREHOUSE TOTAL GROSS ACREAGE OF MAPPED INDUSTRY MAJOR LAND USES STREETS RAILROAD FACILITIES ADDITIONS TOTAL INTERIOR RESERVE AND PORT RESERVE

ACRES

AND 2640
360

WHOLESALE
ACRES

AREAS

1300 400 4700 600 5300

ACRES

ACRES

INCLUDING

SPACE FOR

SPACEBUFFERS

44

ANOTHER IMPORTANT
DISTRIBUTION

LOCATING INDUSTRIAL AREAS AND THE SIZING OF AND FUTURE IMPORTANCE OF THE PORT OF BUFFALO THE CITY ENJOYS STRATEGIC GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION AT THE OF LAKE ERIE AT THE EASTERN END HEAD OF THE NIAGARA RIVER MORE DETAILED COMMENTS THE PORT OF BUFFALO ON ARE PRESENTED IN APPENDIX THESE ARE TAKEN FROM THE REPORT BUFFALO WATERWAYS CITY PLANNING BOARD 1970 THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE IS MANIFEST IN THE ACTIVITIES

CONSIDERATION

IN

WAS

THE PAST

INDUSTRY

AND

UNDERDEVELOPED AREA SOUTHERLY CITY LINE SEWER LINE IN IN SUCH DEVELOPMENT OTHER FUTURE INCLUDE POSSIBLE FUTURE RECLAMATION IMPROVEMENTB OF ADDITIONAL LAND AND THE OF LAKE ERIELAKE POSSIBILITY ONTARIO CANAL ON THE AMERICAN SIDE OF THE RIVER NIAGARA

HARBOR FUTURE PORT DEVELOPMENT BETWEEN THE BUFFALO RIVER AND THE FUHRMANN BLVD WOULD ASSIST

COMMERCE

AE

PORTS

PROVIDED

CONTINUING PROGRAM OF IMPROVEMENTS WITH DEEP WATER HARBOR IN THE OUTER MAY OCCUR IN THE

IS NOW PART OF THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE NIAGARA TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY WATER SHIPMENT OF GOODS IS ECONOMICAL AND LEAST THE MOST POLLUTIONPRODUCING MEANS OF TRANSPORT CIECLINE IN GREAT LAKES THE GREAT SHIPPING HOWEVER INDICATES THAT MANY MORE FACTORS ARE INVOLVED IRJ THE COMPLEX TRANSPORTATION INDUSTRY THESE INCLUDE REGULATION SUBSIDY AND TAX EXEMPTION MUCH OF THE FUTURE OF CPMMERCE ON THE GREAT LAKES WATERBOURNE

LONGRANGE PORT PLANNING
FRONTIER

MAY

REST IN

THE POLITICAL

SPHERE

THERE

IS

DESIGNATIQN

FOR FUTURE INDUSTRIAL

OF INDUSTRIAL

RESERVE

EXPANSION

SHOULD PREVENT INDUSTRIAL OVERLYINTENSIVE DEVELOPMENT IN THIS AREA PROVIDE RELIEF AND PROTECT THE NATURAL WILDLIFE PRESERVE CHARACTER OF THIS LAND ALREADY EXISTING
IN

PREVIOUSLY IN THIS CATEGORY THE TIFFT INTO AN OPEN SPACE RESERVE CATEGORY

BEYOND

FARM AREA
THIS

IN THE SOUTH INDUSTRIAL THE PROJECTED 1990 NEEDS

DISTRICT

AN AREA

HAS BEEN

RECLASSIFIED

THE PLAN THE THREE

INDUSTRIAL

CLASS
INDUSTRIAL

HEAVY INDUSTRIAL

CLASSIFICATIONS

INDICATE

CATEGORIES

INDICATES

BEING NEEDED BY 1990 AN EXCEPTION MIGHT OCCUR IN THE PORT AREA WHERE UNFORESEEN FACTORS IN WATER RESULT IN DEVELOPMENT OF SHIPMENT MIGHT LAND ADJACENT TO THE HARBOR PERHAPS ON LAND FILL ADDITIONAL RESERVE LAND FOR THE MORE DISTANT FUTURE COULD BE OBTAINED THROUGH THE
CONSOLIDATION OF RAILROAD
FACILITIES IN

RESERVE CLASSIFICATION NOT AT THE PR6SENT TIME SEEN AS

FROM ONE TO THREE RESPECTIVELY MIXED INDUSTRIAL AND
INDICATES POTENTIAL

LIGHT

MEDIUM AND

THE MIXED WAREHOUSING AREAS THE
INDUSTRIAL LAND THAT
IS

INDUSTRIAL

AREAS

CONCLUSIONS
LITTLE

IN

TO

OR NO IMPROVEMENT REDUCE
POLLUTING

MAY REQUIRE CLEARANCE AND RENEWAL BE NECESSARY TO MAKE OME AREAS
VISUAL

EFFECTUATING THIS PLAN TO THEIR FACILITIES EFFECTS OF THEIR ACTIVITY

SOME INDUSTRIES WILL REQUIRE SOME WILL REQUIRE MEASURES
SEE APPENDIX
SITE
IN

LARGE SCALE
BOTH

OTHER PLANTS
WILL

IMPROVEMENTS
FINANCIAL

SENSE

TO PROSPECTIVE

ATTRACTIVE

DEVELOPERS

AND

VII1O

NJ

IA

INDUSTRIAL

WAREHOUSING
INDUSTRIAL

II
FILL
INDUSTJLAL

RESERVE

VITIL
IF

THE

RELATIONSHIP REQUIRES CAREFUL

BETWEEN INDUSTRIALLY ORIENTED LAND AND RESIDENTIAL LAND CONSIDERATION MANY RESIDENTIAL AREAS NOW STRUCTURALLY
IN TO DETERIORATED INDUSTRIAL POOR PROXIMITY NEED TO BE MINIMIZED AND BUFFERED

DEFICIENT

ARE LOCATED

USES

THESE

INCOMPATIBILITIES

NORTHWARD FROM TIMES

CONTINUOUS BEACH THE MASTER PLAN INTENDS TO PORTRAY SUCH CHARACTER CHARACTER OF LAKE AND RIVER FRONT DEVELOPMENT PARKLIKE COMMERCIAL INDUSTRIAL OR MAY INCLUDE ALL USES BE THEY RESIDENTIAL IN NATURE IN THIS SENSE CHARACTER IS MORE IMPORTANT THAN USE PUBLIC

THE
IN

INDUSTRIAL

PLAN PROVIDES
FACILITIES

BUFFALO

IMPLEMENTATION

FOR GUIDING INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE PLAN AND THE CONSTRUCTION AND RECONSTRUCTION

BASIS

OF INDUSTRIAL

REQUIRES

ACTIVE

CONTROL

AND GUIDANCE

VXI12

LAND USE
AN

APPENDIX

ANALYSIS

OF THE EXISTING
IN

UTILIZATION OF THE

OF LAND

WITHIN

THE CITY

OF BUFFALO

WAS

UNDERTAKEN

PREPARATION
FOR THE

1964

MASTER PLAN THE
ON

THIS

INVENTORY

REMAINB

THE BASE OF STUDIES

MASTER PLAN

TABULATIONS

ARE ADAPTABLE TO

CHANGES

LAND USE

DATA

WAS PREPARED
THE DATA

BLOCK NEIGHBORHOOD AND
ON

COMMUNITY BASIS
RING BASIS

IN

ADDITION

WAS PRESENTED
THE PURPOSES

HALFMILE

CONCENTRIC

FOCUSED ON THE
IN

FOR

OF THE INDUSTRIAL THE MIDDLE

PLAN

THE CITY

WAS DIVIDED

THREE ZONES

THE INNER

ZONE

ZONE AND THE

OUTER AND WATERFRONT

ZONE

THE

LAST CONTAINED TO ESTIMATE THE ZONE

NEARLY TWOTHIRDS OF INDUSTRIAL BASED

EMPLOYMENT
ON THE DIFFERENT

ZONES WERE USED
CONSIDERATIONS
SITUATION

FUTURE SPACE REQUIREMENTS

IN

AREAS

SPACE REQUIREMENTS TRENDS

WERE

BASED ON THE EXISTING

MODIFIED

BY INDUSTRIAL

HIGH CONCENTRATION OF INDUSTRIAL BE ATTRIBUTED PERIOD
DIRECTLY

AND RELATED

USES

IN

RINGS
IN

THROUGH
THE

CAN
IN

TO THE LOCATION

OF THE BELT RAILROADS
OF THE LAST

AREA

THE

OF GREATEST RAILROAD

DEVELOPMENT

CENTURY

THE BELT LINES

SURROUNDED THE THEN DEVELOPED AREAS OF THE CITY FOUND URBAN DEVELOPMENTS
ENGULFING THE BELT LINES

THE TIME PERIODS
AND AREAS BEYOND

FOLLOWING

THEM

TABLES

AI

AND

INDICATE

WAREHOUSE
AND BY RING

AN WHOLESALE

INDUSTRIAL

AND

RAILROAD USES BY COMMUNITY

113

TABLE

AI

INDUSTRIAL

USES BY COMMUNITY
RIVER CENTRAL

BUFFALO

EAST DELEVAN COMMUNITY ACRES

EAST SIDE COMMUNITY ACRES

ELICOTT COMMUNITY ACRES

ELMWOOD
COMMUNITY ACRES

COMMUNITY ACRES

COMMUNITY ACRES

VAREHOUSE AND WHOLESALE
WAREHOUSE AND WHOLESALE OPEN STORAGE

18947 4844 14103 73722 10188 63534 73936

3234 2952 282 4049 2392 1657 4879 2952 1927

6875 2774 4101 19588 7196 12392 12310 8399 3911

16695 12385 4310 30239 9188 21051 84007 75192 8815

5444 4419 1025 7044 3359 3685 10467 9423 1044

524 524 652 652

INDUSTRIAL
LIGHT

AND MEDIUM

HEAVY

RAILROADS
RAILROAD RAILROAD FACILITIES

56759
17177

VACANT

MASTEN COMMUNITY ACRES

NORTH BUFFALO

NORTH EAST

RIVERSIDE

SOUTH BUFFALO COMMUNITY ACRES

WEST SIDE

COMMUNITY ACRES

COMMUNITY ACRES

COMMUNITY ACRES

COMMUNITY
ACRES

WAREHOUSE AND WHOLESALE
WAREHOUSE AND WHOLESALE OPEN STORAGE

1219

308
911 5685 3670 2015

9642 5934 3708 8083 4641 3442 14068 13263 805

72994
1210 11784 5539 2289 3250 2594 2594

13901 9123 4778 26724 8941 17783 17819 17429

1160 886 274 6806 761 6045 3498 3470

5174 1534 3640 595

INDUSTRIAL
LIGHT

AND MEDIUM

HEAVY

3654
2301 3415 3085 330

RAILROADS
RAILROAD RAILROAD FACILITIES

VACANT

390

28

TABLE

A2
WAREHOUSE

INDUSTRIAL
WHOLESALE TOTAL

USES BY RING
INDUSTRIAL RAILROADS

ASOF
AS
OF

ASOF
TOTAL
INDUSTRIAL

IV
RING
01 02 03 04 05

AS
OF

ASOF
TOTAL RAILROADS

AS
OF

ACRES

ACRES

RING

ACRES

ACRES

RING
31

ACRES

ACRES

RING

06
07

08 09
10 11 12

1422 6454 4989 4724 8585 16739 9967 17630 12760 2401 104

17

74 58
55 100 195 116 206 149

27 41 27
21

33 40
31

42
35 11

28

1617 10460 9876 11095 26550 46696 32265 31623 20167 3454 283 194086

53 51

57
137 241 166 163 104

67 53 49
102 113 100

75 55
16

18

1918 7446 10305 14765 34089 55765 19150 62125 11306 9954 170 226993

33 45 65
150 246

36 48 55 65
131 135

84
274

60
148 31

50 44

47

34
85809 1000

TOTAL

32

1000

71

1000

13

VA

POPULATION

APPENDIX

SIGNIFICANT

THE

CITY

MASTER PLAN OF 1964 OCCURRED IN 1967 CHANGE FROM THE ORIGINAL OF THE CITY FROM PLANNING BOARD REDUCED THE PLANNING POPULATION EVEN THOUGH THE CITY MIGHT NOT OBTAIN THIS 500 000 THE 500 000 FIGURE HAS BECOME THE PLANNING POPULATION
POPULATION FOR THE CITY

615 000
BY 1990

TO

THE PRIMARY

FOR THE SOURCE USED BY THE CITY FOR POPULATION PROJECTIONS STATISTICAL AREA IS THE CORNELL AERONAUTICAL LABORATORY STANDARD METROPOLITAN THE METROPOLITAN AN4 ERIE COUNTY POPULATION FIGURES HAVE STUDY OF 1969

BEEN UTILIZED
FIGURES

HOWEVER

BASIC
IN

ASSUMPTION
THE

IN

THE CITY

OF BUFFALO

POPULATION

TO PRODUCE PROGRAM DESIGNED BY THAT THE CITY WOULD CONTINUE TO LOSE PEOPLE ITS PROJECTIONS THE ASSUMPTION WAS THE MOVEMENT FROM BUFFALO WOULD TAKE PLACE IN TO 450 000 BY 1980 ACCORDANCE WITH THE PATTERNS SHOWN DURING THE PERIOD BETWEEN 1960 AND 1966

DOES DIFFER

INHERENT

THE DIVISION
ITS

OF PLANNING AGREES

IN

THE CONTINUING
IN

DECLINE THE

OF CITY

CHANGE 8BS TRACT AND CONCRETE REASONS CHANGES IN ATTITUDES AND TRANSPORTATION THE IN ADDITION IT WAS FELT WOULD CHANGE DEVELOPMENT PATTERNS THE CITY PROPER WAS SEEN AS IMPROVING CONSTRUCTION HOUSING INVENTORY OF THE DECLINE OF UNI WAS TO BALANCE AND THEN PASS DEMOLITION OF UNITS
AFTER 1970

1967

STUDY HOWEVER ASSUMED

19601966

POPULATION PATTERN FOR BOTH

WA MODIFIED

ON THE RATE

NUMBER

THE POPULATION BY THESE CONSIDERATIONS EVEN WITH AN INCREASED PF HOUSING UNITS AVAILABLE

WAS BASED
VACANCY

THE

VARIOUS CONSIDERATIONS OF THE DETERMINING DEPEND MORE ON THE COUNTY AND SMSA FIGURES THAN THE FIGURES OF PLANNING ARE SHOWN THE CITY PROPER THE FIGURES USED BY THE DIVISION OF IN TABLE COMPARISON OF FOUR STUDIES FOR SMSA AND ERIE COUNTY ARE
POPULATION INDUSTRIAL PLAN FIGURES

USED

IN

BI

SHOWN IN TABLE
FOR

B2

TABLE

B3

PRESENTS

NUMBER OF POPULATION

STUDIES

COMPARISON PURPOSES

115

1969

CORRIDOR
BA

1472 1540 1610

1097 1201

1969 1990 1652 1359
ALT
496

1492 1582 1685 1697 1211 1266 1325 1396

CAL
1985 1567 1289 FOUR 1969
485

STUDIES
CAL
IN

1421 1487 1567 1652

1171 1224 1289 1359

PROJECTIONS THOUSANDS
1980 1487 1224
470
IN

PROJECTIONS THOUSANDS
B2

LOW1966

POPULATION FIGURES
1975 1421 1171
CO

460

POPULATION FIGURES BASIN PROTECTION
BN

1520 1584 1660 1737

1243 1335

BI

TABLE

SMSA ERIE

BUF

CO

TABLE

SMSA 1975 1980 1985 1990 ERIE 1975 1980 1985 1990

TABLE

B3
STUDIES FIGURES
IN

POPUIABION

THOUSANDS 1970 1975 1980
1985

BUFFAW

SMSA
1970

US

CENSUS BUREAU

1349

CORNELL AERONAUTICAL

LAB1969

1366 1362

1421 1472

1487 1540

1567

1652

BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR 1969 CONSULTEC MARCOU OLEARY

1610

ASSOC

JUNE

68

BASIN STUDY1966 ERIENIAGARA LOW PROJECTION DEVELOPED 1967 BY DIV PLANNING BUFFALO CBD LARRY SMITH DIVISION ERIE

1456

1520

1584

1660

1737

ECON ANALYSIS

CO

1457

1520

1595

1965

OF PLANNING

1967

1350

1430

1500

1560

1650

COUNTY CENSUS

US

BUREAU

1970

1114
1969

CORNELL AERONAUTICAL

LAB

1125

1171
1097

1224

1289 1201

1359

BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR 1969 CONSULTEC MARCOU OLEARY

ASSOC

JUNE

68

ERIEWNIAGARA

BASIN

STUDY

1966

1174

1243

1335

LOW PROJECTION DEVELOPED 1967 BY DIV PLANNING
DIVISION ERIE OF PLANNING 1967 1966 1130 1120 1190
1187

1230 1300

1290

1330

CO DEPT

PLANNING

CITY OF BUFFALO

US

CENSUS BUREAU

1970

463 1969 479 460 463 450 451 458
469

CORNELL AERONAUTICAL

LAB

BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR 1969 CONSULTEC MARCOU OLEARY

ASSOC
20002020
DIVISION ERIE

JUNE

68

ERIENIAGARA

BASIN STUDY STABLE 480 1967

1966

517

501
460 444 470 439 485

486

OF PLANNING

474 459

496

CO DEPT

PLANNING

1966

ECONOMY
TABLE

APPENDIX

FROM PRESENTS PAST EMPLOYMENT IN NONAGRICULTURAL ESTABLISHMENTS 1959 TO 1967 TABLE C7 PRESENTS PROJECTED EMPLOYMENT IN MAJOR ECONOMIC FROM THE MATERIAL DEVELOPED BY THE CORNELL SECTORS FROM 1970 TO 1990 AERONAUTICAL LABORATORY STUDY OF 1969 TABLE CI PRESENTS THE ESTIMATED LABOR FORCE TO 1990 FOR THE SMSA ERIE COUNTY AND THE CITY OF BUFFALO
TABLE FOR ERIE PRESENTS THE PROJECTED EMPLOYMENT BY MAJOR ECONOMIC SECTOR WHILE TABLE DOES THE SAME FOR THE CITY OF COUNTY TO 1990 BUFFALO TABLE THE ESTIMATED PRESENTS MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT FOR THE SMSA ERIE COUNTY AND THE CITY OF BUFFALO TABLE PRESENTS THE

C6

C2

C4

C3

C5

ESTIMATED

EMPLOYMENT BY MAJOR ECONOMIC SECTOR
OF THE TOTAL

IN

THE CITY

OF BUFFALO

BY

NUMBER AND BY PERCENT

TABLE FOLLOWING THE ABOVE MATERIAL PRESENTS EMPLOYMENT PROJECTION SIC NUMBERS FOR CLASSIFICATIONS BY MAJOR INDUSTRY INCLUDING FINALLY TABLE PRESENTS AREAS OF RELATIVE WEAKNESS IN THE SMSA MANUFACTURING

CB

C9

BASE

ARE UNDERREPRESENTED BECAUSE THEY DO NOT FIT WELL INTO THE GENERAL LABOR CONDITION ARE OR FOR OTHER CONSIDERATIONS NOT APT TO DEVELOP FULLY HERE THESE INDUSTRIES HAVE LOCATION COEFFICIENTS OF 50 OR LESS THIS IS BASED ON RELATIVE SHARE OF NATIONAL EMPLOYMENT FOUND
INDUSTRIES
IN

SOME

OF THESE

THAT THE INDUSTRYS OVER 10 IMPLIES PRODUCT IS BEING IMPORTED PRODUCT IS SOME OF THE INDUSTRIES LISTED IN TABLE BEING EXPORTED MAY BE CONSIDERED AS POSSIBLE

REGION

LOCATION

COEFFICIENT

OF LESS

THAN

IMPLIES

THAT THE INDUSTRYS

EXPANSION

IN

THE AREAS

INDUSTRIAL

BASE

118

TOTAL 4574 4977 5397 5682 5937 TOTAL 2233 2301 2365 2414 2504

ECONOMIC TRANSP 177 173 173 176 182 ECONOMIC TRANSP 281 286 300 313 328
MAJOR
BY

SECTOR

OTHER
633 652 664 672 673 373 360 349 339 334

SECTOR
OTHER MAJOR

1990
1990
TO

1985

FORCE LABOR
1980
1975

ESTIMATED THOUSANDS 1970
IN

7030 25205780 1949 6750 24305550 1874 6460 23605280 1885 5940 21304890 1875

FINANCE
159 125 193 200 208

BY

EMPLOYMENT
GOVT 606 709 896 852 896
643 766 896 1004 1100 847 965 1082 1159 1231
IN

EMPLOYMENT
PROJECTED
BUFFALO
OF

FINANCE

102 106 111 113 116

GOVT 334 365 389 400 422

5480 1940 4540 1930 ERIE

PROJECTED SERVICES COUNTY THOUSANDS TRADE
C2

SERVICES
CITY

362 405 453 493 533

THOUSANDS TRADE
IN

384 413 430 444 467

CI

TABLE

SMSFEMAALE ERIEBUFFALO

CO

1405 1425 1453 1483 1500

C3

500 480 460 450 450

TABLE

1970 1975 1980 1985 1990

TABLE

1970 1975 1980 1985 1990

1990
AND

1970

EMPLOYMENT
OF

1990 1990 1985

1932 1500 450

BUFFALO
CITY

PERCENT PERCENT
NUMBER
BY

166 173 197 156 43 67 198 1000 450 467 533 422 116 182 534 2704

1914 1483 450
1885 1453 460 1847 1425 480 1819 1405 500
CO

MANUFACTURING
1980 1975

ESTIMATED THOUSANDS 1970
IN

EMPLOYMENT

AND

PERCENT

224 172 162 150 46 79167 1000

ESTIMATED THOUSANDS
1N

1970

NUMBER
CS

500 384 362 334 102 177 373 2232

C4

TABLE

SMSA ERIE

BUFFALO

TABLE

MFGTRADE

SERVICES GOVTFINANCE TRANSP OTHER TOTAL

TABLE

C6

EMPLOYEES IN NONAGRICUVWRAL ESTABLISHMENTS BUFFALO SMSA 19591967 FIGURES
IN

THOUSANDS 5K
4544 1752 2213 AXE LAMILVEE
1966 1963 1964 196J 1962 1961 1960 19S9

TETAL

AA
6ODU

4744 1806 1231

4553 1731 1181

4373 1676 5116

4284 1649 LOQ4

426
1658 1102

4230 1644 1084

4417 1765 5172

4358 1739 1122 11 21

MESUIACT
DATABLE 24 25 32 33 34 3S 36 37 38 LRNITE

WOPL6D
AFTDJLAT

PUNITUE

ABREGLYTT CEMENT PRIMARY METAL FABRIERICD MCIII 34ACHINCRY

PLASTET PTODRACL

PIUIA

08 20 82
323 126 132 541 319

08 20
81 336 241 150 250 312

08
38

80 329
140 141 142 295

07 19 79
307 132

07
21 62 291 124 134 129

07 20
86 291 129 135 130 264

08
19 84 291 124 136 133 246

09
21

89
336 136 142 138 263

90
306 139 133
134

EACEPT ELECTRICEP MACLILNEFY EQULPIXESI

139
130

IECTRICI

ZN5
TNAIWMENTS
ILOFTDUREBLT

EQILPMEML
RELATED

AND

PRODUCTA

35
869 140 13

34
574 142

31
563 147

266 28
560 150 13

268
28

260

27
556 151 14 23

26
560 154 14

27
391 139 15

24
617 163 16

GOOD

535
131 13 22 67 74 139

20
22 23

POO2 AND KINDRED PRODUCTS
TEUTILE PWDUCTA APPAREL AND RELETED PRODUCTS PAPTI MIS ALLIED PROJIACIN PRINTING AND
VAABLISHING ALLIED MILL

26
27 28 29 30 32

24 66 86
159

13 23 70 84
161

12 24 67
81 135

23 67 79
136

70 75
156

26 70 73
134

27 74 77
167

28
74

77
181 11

CHEMICAL

PRODUCT

PETROLEUM RELLAIRIG INDUSTRIES RUBBER

AND ETLETED

LOAT

RUSE P2AAI
ARD
LEATHER

PRODS ADA

PRODUCTS

39

MISCELLANEOUS NONMANUTECTURING

MAMAFACLURLAG

07 47 03 23
1063 203

07 47 03 24
2938 206

08 43 03 22
1804 195

08 40 02 20
2697 162

09
39

02
38 2635 168 43 33

09 38 03 18
2609 172

10 38 03 18
2586 200

10 40 04
18 3632 151

42 05 20
2619 256

15 16 17

CONTRACT CONSTRUCTION GENERAL CONTRACLORS HEAVY SPECIAL CONSTRUCTION
TRADD

BR

53 40
110 325

57 39
110 320 84

52 37
105 318 67

40 41 42 44 47

REN
RSILRON3 LOCAL MOTOR FREIGHT

CONUACTORA AND PUBLIC ITLUTLES
TRANSIT

43 40 99
311

92
313 320 317 334 341

TRARSPORT
TRANAP STORAGE

INTERURBAN PASAENGER

WATER TRANSPORLAUON AERVICEC

TRANSP
COMMUNICATION WHOLESOLE AND WHOLESALE RETAIL

82 30 83 13 05
102 958 226 732

88
28 73 12 04

29 60
32

28 77
32

89 29 73
12

05
100 922 216 706 29 350 127

489

END PUBLIC TUSDA

UTILLTLGA

04 99
687 208 679 28
145

98
862 202 660

04 98
645 200 645 833 822 843 155

US TAIL

30

TRODE

5249
32 53 54 35 56 57 58 59

TRADE

BTD
FOOD

MATERIAL

HARDWARE
STORES

29
360 134

28
141 115

28
140 112 8J

GENERAL MCRCLAODISE
STORES

SERVICA STATIONS AUTO DCALERS ACCESOORTES STOREA APPAREL FURNITURE 510555 EATIFL END DRINCLNG PLACES MISCELLANEOUS RETAIL STORES FINANCE INSURSTUE AND
REAL

83

30
29 176

86 49 26
169 67 170

117 86

48 26
164

85 40 25
153

69
176 61 10

66
164

63
162

47 24 148 62
162 162 160 158 156

ESTATE
BANLTS

60 6L 62

FLANKING CREDIT AENCIES OTHERTHAN SECURITY DEELERS INSURANCE CARDER INSURMUCE REAL ESTATE

60
10

58
10

SCHENGSA BROKERS AAWLCS

06
51 LA

63
65 66

06 47
18

05 46
17

37 10 06 46 22 03
576

36 09 06 48
17

26

23 03
648

23 04
610

22 04
860 568 558 649 530

COINBMNALIONS OF REEL ASTATA LOANA LAW OFFICES

IASAA

03

1014708689
070999
70 72 73 75 SERVICES AND NISCELLARSEAS FLOTRALS AND LODGINI PLACES PEREONAL SERVICES BAHAMA MACTJEES MLACALLANEKS AULOSSEBTIC CEPSIE SATEESLILE

682

36 59 98 23

37 58 87 S1

34 55 79 21

32 34 68

32 54 65
18

SEIVLAAIU
MOATHLY AMUSATI PEBLLABAD

GAUGES

36

NACAWALAME

VH21

WV

AE

TABLE

C6

CONTINUED
LW
ATISUED

SIC

CI
BGYDC

IFIDUETFY

LW

1964

1963

1963

1961

1960

1959

DAD MLAEELIAAEWE

76 71 79 80

MISEEIIANEOA
MOTIOFI

RPK SWLCM TECVEA
4HF HEALTH

PIETU

13 08

12 07

11

05

09 07

08 07

AMUNMENT
MEDICAL DAD

CEPT
381 177
16

357

EDUCALIOAIEIEM
86 NOEPROFLL MEMBERSHIP AGAAIASTHU MISEELLENMUS AEWICEE

104

32 08
719 102 617 310

99 29 08
672

56 92 26 01
630

55 86 26 06
604

53
11

25 06
588 555 529 509 483

0749

FOMMTY

AND ILAHERLEE

BVEINMTNT
91 FEDERAL HALE END LOCEJ STATE 50VEU EDUCATION OTHER SLIT 93 LOCAL
EUT

98
573 131

93
537 121

90
513 107

89
498 101

929
92

63 87
466

53 81
440 224 216

45 76
416 204 232

38 69
406 398 208 397 189

GOVEMMEEL

EDMACATLM

OTBETHEAL
NEETHLP EATLAIW PEE AVAILABLE

240 21A

208

PEKLIEED

122

TABLE

R14PLOYME
BUFFPLW FIGURES

IN

MA

ECONOMIC

SECTORS

SMSA 19701990
IRA

TBOUSANDS
1970 1975 1980 1985 1990

TOTAL JOBS ERIC COUNTY NIAGARA COUNTY

5480
4574

5935 4977

6428
5397 1031

6745 5682
1063

7030
5937 1093

906 SSO 449
101
WORKER

958 530 432

SELFEMPLOYED

AGRIC

UAMESTIC WORKERS ERIC COUNTY NIAGARA ERIE COUNTY

510 416

490 400

470 384

98
5405 4545

94
5918 4981

90
6255 5282

NONFARM WAGE

SALAVY COUNTY NIAGARA COUNTY MANUFACTURING ERIE COUNTY NIAGARA ERIE COUNTY

4930 4125 805
1820 1405

86 6560
S5S3 1007 1946 1500

860
1853 1425

937
1889 1453

973
1922 1483

415
3111 2723

428
3552 3117

436
4029 3524

NONMANUFACTURING
COUNTY NIAGARA COUNTY CONTRACT CONSTRUCTLEN ERIE COUNTY NIAGARA

439 4333
3798

446
4614 4048

388 222
187

435 258 219

505 293 247

TRANSP
HRIE NIAGARA

COUNTY PUBLIC COUNTY

UTILITIES

35 320
281

39
326 286

46
342 300

COUNTY

FIN
ERIE

INSURANCE

REAL

ESTATE

COUNTY NIAGARA COUNTY WHOLESALE RETAIL ERIE COUNTY NIAGARA COUNTY SERVICES MISC ERIC COUNTY NIAGARA COUNTY GOVERNMENT ERIE COUNTY NIAGARA COUNTY

TRADE

39 176 159 17 967 847 120 700 643

40
194 17S 19
1095

42
212 193 19
1234 1082

535 319 268 51 356 313 43 220 200

566 337 284 53 373 328

45
228 208

20
1323 1159 164 1094 1004

20
1404 1231 173 1200 1101

965 130 830 762

57
725 606 119

68
848 709 139

152 980 896 84 964 806

90
1020

99
1071
896 175

158

852 168

123

1990

800 1540 8450 29500 17310 18610 21460 35890 4350 590

730 137910 10410 1130 8600 11620 14150

6640 2800 56670

194580 192220 188860 185270
1969

19701990
1G85 800 1620 8400 31950 16570 17760 19930 34810 4100

135940 11010 132530 11690
56130
930 1520 7920 10030 14840 670 5900 2636

820 1310 8250 10780 14470 630 6300 2710 56280

INDUSTRIES
4AJOR
BY

1980 800 1710 8550 32320 15880 16950 18500 33760 3860 197S 800 1790 8700 32680 15210 16200 17190 32750 3630

MA
IN

128950 12460 1050 1760 7620 9400 15260
750

710

5520 2540 56320 5000 2460

STUDY
56670 181970

1970

800

1870 8260 33100 14590 15500 15980 31780 3420 125300 13340 1180 2040 7340 8830 15730

LABORATORY
TEXTILES APPAREL PAPER PRINTING CHEMICALS PETROLEUM RUBBER PRODUCTS MISC

PROJECTIOBIS
EMPLOYMENT
INDUSTRY
LUMBER FURNITURE STONE PRIMARY
SIC

PRODUCTS PRODUCTS PRODUCTS ELECTRICAL FTPRODUCS IXTURES GLASS METALS CXCMACHINERY EQUIPMENT PRODUCTS PRODUCTS PUBLISHING ALLIED RELATED PLASTICS WOOD DURABLES KINDRED PAPER FMISC
CLAY METALS

FABRICATED MACHINERY ELECTRICAL TRANSPORTATION INSTRUMENTS

TOTAL FOOD
24 25 32 33 34 35 36 37 38

MANUFACTURING NOND4RAHLES TOTA1 CORNELL
TOTAL
20 22 23 26 27 28 29 30 39
13

AERONAUTICAL

TABLE

SOURCE

TABLE

C9

INDUSTRIES

WITH DPWTHE11

1NDERREPRESENTAT ION

1966

SIC

INDUSTRY

LOCATION

COEFFICIENT
2421 SAWMILLS AND PLANNING MILLS VENEER AND PLYWOOD WOODEN BOXES CRATES WOODEN HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE FURNITURE UPHOLSTERED MATTRESSES AND BEDSPRINGS HAT GLASS GLASS CONTAINERS BRICK METAL CLAY CANS TILE

11 48 27 19 48 33 10 38 47 42 19 04 03 14 32 20 30

2432
2441 2S11 2512 2515 321 3221 3251 341 3429

HARDWARE

NEC
WASHERS PRODUCTS

34312
3444 3449 3452 348

SANITARY WARE PLUMBERS BRASS GOADS SHEET METAL WORK ARCHITECTURAL MISC METAL WORK

BOLTS

NUTS RIVETS
FABRICATED WIRE

MISC

34948
3511 3519 352

VALVES
ENGINES INTERNAL

PIPE PIPE FITTINGS TURBINES COMBUSTION ENGINES

NEC

FARM MACHINERY MINING MACHINERY METAL CUTTING MACHINE TOOLS MACHINE TOOL ACCESSORIES TRADES NACHINERY PRINTING BALL ROLLER BEARINGS CASH REGISTERS COMPUTING MACH SCALES AND BALANCES AUTOMATIC MACH MERCHANDISING COMMERCIAL LAUNDRY MACH VACUUM CLEANERS INDUSTRIAL MEASURING DISPENSING PUMPS AND REPAIRING JOBBING ELECTRIC INSTRUMENTS MEASURING TRANSFORMERS SWITCHBOARD SWITCHBOARD APPARATUS

35312
3541 3545 3555 3562 3566 3576 3581 3582 3584 3586 3591 3611 3612 3613 3632 3643 3633 3641 3651 3661

CONSTR

MACH SHOPS

07 23 02

HOUSEHOLD REFRIGERATORS FREEZERS CURRENT CARRYING WIRE DEVICES HOUSEHOLD LAUNDRY EQUIPMENT ELECTRIC LAMPS RADIO TV EQUIPMENT RECEIVING

TEL
RADIO

662

TELEGRAPH APPARATUS TV COMMUNICATIONS

EQUIP

44

125

TABLE

C9

CONTINUED

SIC

INDUSTRY

LOCATION

COEFFICIENT

36713
3674 3715 3721 3811 3822 386 387 3949 2015 2086 2654 272

ELECTRON TUBES ELECTRONIC CONIPONENTS TRUCK TRAILERS AIRCRAFT SCIENTIFIC LNSTRTINENTA ENGINEERING AUTOMATIC CONTROLS TEMPERATURE PHOTOGRAPHIC EQUIP WATCHES CLOCKS SUPPLIES

31

27 06 44 06 10 19 38 03 07 39 12
24

GOODS SPORTING PLANTS POULTRY DRESSING BOTTLED CANNED SOFT DRINKS FOOD CONTAINERS SANITARY
PERIODICALS SYNTHETIC DRUGS SOAP FIBERS

NEC

28234
283

541

DETERGENTS PREPARATIONS CHEMICALS

THER PRODU4S RICU1TURAL

10

SOURCE

CORNELL AERONAUTICAL

LABORATORY

STUDY

1969

126

PORT OF BUFFALO

APPENDIX

BY 1900
NATION

THE WATERBORNE

COMMCRC
NEW

PO
IN

ONLY BY CHICAGO AND IN THE WORLD EXCEEAED

HALT DOZEN ONLY ABOUT THE VOLUME HANDLED IN I3UFFALO HARBOR

YC CITY

BUFFALO

WAS EXCEEDED

IN

THIS

1914 THE PANAMA CANAL OPENED THIS FACILITY CHANGED CONTINENTAL AND INTERNATIONAL THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT SHIPPING PATTERNS ROUTE WESTWARD FROM THEIR GRAIN PRODUCING AREAS TO DEVELOPED

VANCOUVER WHERE GRAIN COULD

BE SHIPPED BY WATER TO THE ATLANTIC COAST BY USING THE PANAMA CANAL AS WELL AS TO PACIFIC DESTINATIONS BESIDES HANDLING THE GRAIN OF THE MIDWESTERN UNITED STATES BUFFALO HAD ALSO SERVED AS THE DISTRIBUTION CENTER FOR CANADIAN GRAIN SHIPPED TO THE EAST COAST

ANOTHER IMPACT

OF THE CANAL ON THE PORT OF BUFFALO

CAME FROM

THE

PANAMA CANAL ACT OF 1912 THIS FORCED RAILROADS TO DIVEST THEMSELVES OF THEIR WATER CARRIERS IN AN ATTEMPT TO INCREASE COMPETITION AS RESULT IN BUFFALO SHARP DECLINE IN PACKAGE FREIGHT TOOK PLACE UNTIL THAT SOURCE OF COMMERCE DISAPPEARED ALSO ATTRIBUTED TO THE 1912 OF ANTHRACITE ACT WAS THE DECLINE COAL SHIPMENTS IN BUFFALO WHICH FELL FROM 4255000 TONS IN 1919 TO 671000 TONS IN 1931 SHIPPERS DID NOT FAVOR WATERTRANSPORTATION BECAUSE OF LOWER RAILROAD RATES
THIS DECREASE
LATER

AND GAS FOR HEATING GREATLY FLOUR MILLING BEGAN

AS THE INCREASED USE OF OIL INSIGNIFICANT FOUND THE USE OF COAL DIMINISHING PURPOSES

BECAME

WHEN LARGE
WITHDRAWAL

MILLING

MAJOR GROWTH AFTER THE TURN OF THE CENTURY COMPANIES BEGAN TO LOCATE IN BUFFALO DUE TO THE
ITS

IN 1900 BY RAILROADS OF FREE FLOUR STORAGE IN BUFFALO THE RAILROADS GRANTED FREE MILLING INTRANSIT TO BUFFALO PRIVILEGES AND IN 1920 SIMILAR PRIVILEGES WERE WITHDRAWN FROM MINNEAPOLIS

WERE BUILT IN PDRIOD OF TIME DURING WHICH NEW FACILITIES BUFFALO IN THAT YEAR OF THE GRAIN SHIPPED TO BUFFALO WAS MILLED INTO FLOUR BY 1970 VIRTUALLY ALL THE GRAIN SHIPPED TO BUFFALO WAS FOR
FOR

40

MILLING

PURPOSES
OF LAKE FREIGHTERS

THE RAILROADS OWNED FLEETS

AND

NUMBER OF GRAIN
LAKE

ELEVATORS IN BUFFALO UNTIL THE EARLY 1920S WHEN THE INTERSTATE COMMERCE COMMISSION FORCED THE RAILROADS TO GIVE UP THEIR FREIGHTERS
SUBSTANTIAL

ALSO DURING THE 1920S FEED FOR IIVESTCXK BECAME BUSINESS IN BUFFALO AS THE 1920S ENDED HD THE 1930S

BEGAN THE NATIONAL ECONOMIC DEPRESSION OCCURRED WAS TO STRIKE BUFFALO AND ITS PORT SEVERELY
IN

THE DEPRESSION

1925

THE PORT OF BUFFALO

RANKED

FIFTH

ON

NATIONAL

LEVEL

IN

WATER

BORNE TONNAGE THE VAST VOLUME OF COMMERCE OF THE GITEAT LAKES EXCEEDED THAT OF THE ATLANTIC COASTAL GULF OF MEXICO AND PACIFIC COMBINED IN THAT YEAR 113 MILLION TONS WERE HANDLED ON THE PORTS

127

LAKES WHILE 92

MILLION

TONS

THIS TIME OVER ONETHIRD OF WATERFRONT AND RAILROAD ACTIVITIES

WERE HANDLED BY ALL COASTAL PORTS AT THE WAGES PAID IN BUFFALO CAME FROM

THE MISSISSIPPI
BUT IN

RIVER

HAD LONG BEEN USED FOR SHIPPING

AUGUST 1927
TO

MINNEAPOLIS

IT WAS OFFICIALLY OPENED FOR NEW ORLEANS UNDER THE SPONSORSHIP

DEGREE TRANSPORTATION FROM
TO OF THE FEDERAL

WHICH OFFERED REDUCTION UNDER GOVERNMENT THIS FACILITY OF GRAIN AND FLOUR BY AN ALL RAIL RATES MADE POSSIBLE THE SHIPMENT WATER ROUTE WITH FOREIGN TRANSHIPMENT MADE NEW ORLEANS OF BALTIMORE AND BUFFALO WERE UPSET BY THE USE OF REPRESENTATIVES
THIS

20

LATER

GOVERNMENT BARGE THE ROUTE WAS TO

LINE

WHICH

AT FIRST

DIVERT

MAJOR SHIPMENTS

DEFICIT OPERATED UNDER FROM BUFFALO

DURING

THE NINETEENTWENTIES

CONCERN BEGAN TO GROW IN BUFFALO OVER THE

MONTREAL
THE GREAT

IN CANADA INCLUDING THAT FROM THE REOPENING OF THE WELLAND CANAL WAS ORIGINALLY SCHEDULED FOR 1930 THE ENLARGED CANAL WAS SEEN AS AN EXTENSION

INCREASING

GRAIN EXPORT BUSINESS

OF

LAKES

SHIPPING

ROUTE WHICH HAD ENDED

AT

BUFFALO

OSWEGO

NEW YORK
THEIR

ALSO HOPED TO ATTRACT GRAIN PAST

BUFFALO

WELLAND CANAL

THE

FURTHER

EAST

LAKE

FREIGHTERS

BY USE OF THE COULD DELIVER

EXPENSIVE WOULD BE THE COST OF SHIPPING TALK OF SEAWAY IN THE ST LAWRENCE RIVER ALSO CAUSED UNEASINESS IN BUFFALO SHIPPING CIRCLES

CARGOES THEDESS

LAKE TRAFFIC CAINE TO DEPEND LARGELY ON THE SIZE OF THE GRAIN HARVEST AND THE VOLUME OF STEEL PRODUCTION THE NATIONS STEEL
PRODUCTION WAS ONLY TWENTY PER CENT OF CAPACITY
AT

IN

1932

AND TRAFFIC THERE WAS

BUFFAL6

FELL

TO

957000

TONS

THE

FOLLOWING

YEAR

SEVENTY PER CENT INCREASE IN STEEL PRODUCTION AND THE PORTS TRAFFIC INCREASED FIFTYFIVE PER CENT

WELLAND CANAL WAS COMPLETED IN 1833 SERIES OF IMPROVEMENTS OCCURRED UNTIL 1913 WHEN IT WAS CLOSED FOR MAJOR RECONSTRUCTION OPENING IN 1932 AS THE WELLAND SHIP CANAL IT LATER BECAME PART OF THE ST LAWRENCE SEAWAY

THE

ORIGINAL

IMPROVEMENTS WERE BEGUN ON THE NEW YORK STATE BARGE CANAL FROM THE HUDSON RIVER TO OSWEGOVIA THE OSWEGOCANAL WATER DEPTH OF FOURTEEN FEET WAS PROVIDED ALONG THIS ROUTE WESTWARD TO BUFFALO THE BARGE CANAL WAS TWELVE FEET DEEP WITH POINTS DROPPING WORK ON THE IMPROVEMENT STOPPED IN 1942 TO DEPTH OF NINE FEET
IN

1935

VJX28

THE OSWEGOIMPROVEMENT BEGAN AGAIN

PROVIDING AN OVERHEAD HALF FOOT CLEARANCE OF TWENTY FEET IN COMPARISON WITH THE FIFTEEN AND COULD BE SHIPPED THROUGH GRAIN CLEARANCE FOR THE REST OF THE CANAL THE WELLAND CANAL TO OSWEGOON LAKE ONTARIO WHERE GRAIN ELEVATORS COULD STORE GRAIN UNTIL IT WAS TRANSFERRED BUILT WITH STATE ASSISTANCE
IN

1946

TO CANAL VESSELS

AND SHIPPED
THE

USE THE

OSWEGOTO
IN

EASTWARD LARGER CANAL BARGES COULD HUDSON RIVER CONNECTION

CHANGES

FUEL PONSUMPTION BROUGHT ABOUT CHANGES IN TRANSPORTATION HAD LONG BEEN IN USE BUT BETWEEN 1930 AND 1950 PIPELINES GREAT GROWTH OCCURRED RESIDENTIAL CONSUMPTION OF COAL DROPPED FROM 256 MILLION TONS IN

1929

TO 77

MILLION

IN

1951

ON

NATIONAL

LEVEL

IN

THE BUFFALO

WAR

II

AREA COAL WAS STILL USED TO HEAT MOST HOMES AS WORLD BEGAN FUEL OILS AND NATURAL GAS FOR HEATING PURPOSES HAD
IN

BEGUN TO GROW

USE BUT EXPANSION
LOST

WAS

CURTAILED

BY DEFENSE NEEDS
OF TRANSPORTATION

THE ERIE CANAL HAD

ITS

IMPORTANCE

AS

MEANS

AS WORLD WAR II APPROACHED IT WAS VIRTUALLY ABANDONED WITHIN THE CITYS BOUNDARIES EXCEPT FOR THE PORTION WHICH IS NOW PART OF THE BLACK ROCK CANAL THE WAR ITSELF SERVED AS STIMULANT FOR THE
PORT OF BUFFALO INDUSTRIAL

1941 PROVIDED THE AREA WITH ORDERS WORTH BILLION DOLLARS IN 1942 AFTER THE UNITED STATES HAD DECLARED WAR BUFFALOAREA INDUSTRY PRODUCED FIVE BILLION DOLLARS WORTH OF MATERIALS THIS SURPASSED BY FOUR TIMES THE PREVIOUS RECORD ESTABLISHED IN 1929 INDUSTRY IN THE AREA AND THE
OF

THE LENDLEASE

ACT

PORT
OIL

OF BUFFALO

OPERATED
AS

PRESSED AND GRAIN WERE SHIPPED TO THE PORT BOATS SERVED AS ARMED PATROLS GRAIN

INTO SERVICE

VA
AT FULL

CAPACITY
OF

ALL

VESSELS WERE LIMESTONE IRON ORE COAL
LAKE THE LAKES

ON

EMAIL

PRIVATE

REACHED HIGH LEVELS IN 1945 THE GRAIN HANDLED ACTIVITY REACHED 257 MILLION BUSHELS THE FIVEYEAR ANNUAL AVERAGE BETWEEN 1933 AND 1937 WAS 98 MILLION BUSHELS BETWEEN 1953 AND 1957 THE AVERAGE WAS TO
TO AN AVERAGE
FALL

TO 121

MILLION

BUSHELS
1963

THIS

WAS TO

FALL

FURTHER

OF 76 MILLION

BETWEEN
IN

AND 1967

THE

PORT OF BUFFALOS

RANKING

TERMS

OF TOTAL TONNAGE HANDLED

DURING THE MIDTWENTIES HAD BEEN SECOND ON THE GREAT LAKES AND FIFTH OF ALL UNITED STATES PORTS IN 1930 THIS HAD SLIPPED TO THIRD OF LAKES PORTS AND SEVENTH OF ALL PORTS 1937 THE PORT OF BUFFALO BY

REMAINED
DESPITE

LAKES PORTS BUT FELL TO NINTH OF ALL PORTS THE HIGH DEGREE OF ACTIVITY IN THE PORT OF BUFFALO DURING WORLD WAR TI THE RANKING OF THE PORT BY 1946 HAD FURTHER DECLINED TO FIFTH OF THE PORTS OF THE GREAT LAKES AND TWELFTH OF ALL PORTS
THIRD
OF THE

OBSCURED BY

IN BUFFALO WAS THE RELATIVE ACTIVITY INCREASING IMPORTANCE OF OTHER PORTS THIS WAS TO CONTINUE AND TO BE UNDER SCORED BY THE OPENING OF THE ST LAWRENCE SEAWAY

THE LOCAL

II29

THE

ACTIVITY

ASSOCIATED WITH THE

RESURGENCE OF THE PORT RISING MET BY BUFFALO AND ITS PORT SHIFTS CHANGES INTRANSPORTATIOFL

WAR EFFORT FOUND LOCAL HOPES FOR WHILE MANY NEEDS OF THAT WAR WERE
IN

NATIONAL

REQUIREMENTS

AND

METHODS AND ROUTES OCCURRED

SHORTLY

AFTER

WORLD WAR LITHE
AND MISSOURI

INLAND

ILLINOIS OF GRAIN AWAY

OHIO

RIVERS

ATTRACTED

WATERWAYS THE MISSISSIPPI AMOUNTS SIGNIFICANT

FROM

THE BUFFALO

AREA AND TOWARD THE GULF OF
OF

MEXICO

THESE WATERWAYS HANDLED 57 MILLION BUSHELS THIS GREW TO 330 MILLION BUSHELS BY 1960

GRAIN IN

1950

MOVEMENT OF

THE POU1TRY INDUSTRY SOUTHWESTERLY IN THE NATION LEFT SMALL PLANTS ONLY THE EASTERN MARKET FOR BUFFALOS FEED BUSINESS WERE BUILT NEAR NEW LOCAL MARKETS HALF THE 1950 GRAIN FEED

MILLS

BUFFALO WILL CONTINUE AS DUE TO ITS LOCATION AND THE LARGE TONNAGES OF FLOUR BYPRODUCTS AVAILABLE LOSSES IN THIS FIELD WERE DAMAGING BUT NOT DISASTRQUS
IN

BUFFALO

WERE CLOSED BY 1960
THIS FIELD

MAJOR CENTER

MUCH HARDER
SHIFT

HIT

WAS

THE GRAIN

BEGAN WITH

THE INCREASED

WORLD WAR II ATLANTIC OF THE ST LAWRENCE SEAWAY THEN GRAIN MERCHANDISING IN BUFFALO THE NEED FOR THE TRANSFER OF GRAIN AT WAS VIRTUALLY ELIMINATED BUFFALO WAS REMOVED BY OCEANGOING SHIPS CHANGES IN TRANSPORTATION ROUTES ALONG WITH CHANGES IN FEDERAL GOVERNMENT STORAGE POLICIES
DEPRESSED
THE GRAIN STORAGE INDUSTRY IN

BUSINESS NOTICEABLE MERCHANDISING OF THE INLAND WATERWAYS AFTER USE COAST BUSINESS REMAINED UNTIL THE OPENING

BUFFALO

THE

INDUSTRY HAD REACHED ITS PRESENT PROPORTIONS LOCALLY BY FLOUR MILLING IN BUFFALO IS APT TO BE LEAST AFFECTED BY CHANGES IN TRANSPORTATION ROUTES IN FACT SIZABLE INVESTMENTS HAVE BEEN MADE IN THE BUFFALO AREA RECENTLY FOR THE PRODUCTION OF PASTA PRODUCTS CEREALS AND CONVENIENCE FOODS WHILE MILLING PRODUCTION
MILLING

1948

HIGH ITS MARKET HAS CHANGED IN 1930 PRODUCTION WAS EXPORTED WHILE PRESENTLY ONLY
IS STILL

50
IS

OF THE FLOUR FOR

EXPORT
AFTER THE

NO GENERAL PLAN
ERIE

FOR
IN

IN HAPHAZARD HAD BEEN PASSED IN CONNECTION WITH THE FORMATION OF PORT AGENCY BUT THESE ACTS DID NOT BEAR FRUIT IN 1950 COMMISSION WAS AUTHORIZED TO STUDY THE DEVELOPMENT OF PORT FACILITIES IT SUBMITTED REPORT IN THE LOCAL MUNICIPALITIES FOLLOWING YEAR AND THE STATE LEGISLATURE FAILED

CANAL OPENED
IN

HARBOR DEVELOPMENT EXISTED 1825 FACILITIES WERE BUILT
AND 1941
STATE LEGISLATION

IN BUFFALO

FASHION

1929

1940

TO APPROVE

THE PORT ORGANIZATION

SUGGESTED

WHILE

REPRESENTATIVES
IN

PREPARATION

BUFFALO

HARBOR

LAWRENCE SEAWAY WAS

OF THE CITY ALWAYS SOUGHT HARBOR IMPROVEMENTS FOR DEEPER DRAFT VESSELS USING THE ST NOT ALTOGETHER THE OCEAN ROUTE JOYFUL EVENT

HAD BEEN TRADITIONALLY OPPOSED BY THE CITY OF BUFFALO WARRANTED AS BUFFALO LOST ITS STRATEGIC POSITION PROVED POINT

THIS
AS

OPPOSITION

TRANSFER

THE ST

CHANNEL

LAWRENCE SEAWAY WAS TO PROVIDE 27 FOOT DEEP NAVIGATIONAL AND OPERATED JOINTLY BY CANADA AND THE UNITED STATES LRERORTEDLY THE AMERICAN PASSAGE HINGED ON THE RELATED POWER
BUILT

DE ELOPMENT
FOR FULL COSTS

ADDED TO THE
TO BE REPAID
OF THE

RNE
FROM
OFFICE

STATUTES WITHIN

OF BOTH NATIONS
FIFTY

CALLED

TOLLS

YEARS
SEAWAY BEGAN IN ARMY CORPS OF
FIRST FULL

THE PLANNING
1954

UNITED STATES
DISTRICT

SECTION OF THE

OF THE

BY THE BUFFALO DURING
ITS
IT

ENGINEERS
SEASON
FOURTH

1958

THE

SEAWAY OPENED
REFERENCES TO

BUT ITS

WAS IN 1959
SEACOAST
AND
IS

DESPITE

PERFORMANCE IN IN DEBT THE SEAWAY DID DISAPPOINTING INROACL8 ON COMPETING MODES BUT IT DID MANAGE GRAIN COMMERCE FROM BUFFALO AS
DEVELOPED FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE NEW NORTH ENTRANCE GOVERNMENT CONSTRUCTED BREAKWATER WAS
BUILT TO PROTECT THE

AS AMERICAS THE LAST TEN YEARS HAS BEEN

TH SEAWAY
NOT

MAKE

TO DIVERT

SIGNIFICANT THE EXPORT

HARBOR

THE FEDERAL

IN 1963 THE WEST NEW ENTRANCE WHICH WAS CUT

THIS CUT AND THE REHABILITATION OF THE THROUGH THE OLD BREAKWATER CUT WAS BREAKWATER TOOK PLACE DURING 1964 AND 1965 TRIANGULAR MADE FROM THE COAST GUARD PROPERTY AS PART OF THIS PROJECT THE NEW NORTH ENTRANCE CHANNEL HAD DEPTH OF 25 FEET IN SOFT MATERIAL AND 26 FEET HAD HAD
IN

HARD MATERIAL

THE NORTHERN END

OF THE

OUTER HARBOR

BUFFALO RIVER AND ITS ENTRANCE CHANNEL PROJECT DEPTH OF 23 FEET OF 22 FEET IN SOFT MATERIAL AND 23 FEET IN HARD MATERIAL DEPTH SOUTH ENTRANCE

THE

30 AND 29 FOOT PROJECT DEPTH WITH DEPTH OF 28 FEET AT THE SOUTHERLY END OF THE OUTER HARBOR BETWEEN THE TWO ENDS DEPTHOF 27 FEET WAS PROVIDED THE SOUTH ENTRANCE

CHANNEL HAD

WAS

TO HANDLE THE DEEPER DRAFT

SHIPS USING THE ST

LAWRENCE SEAWAY

VFL31

THE BUFFALO RIVER WILL CONTINUE IN ITS INDUSTRIAL USE THERE IS NO THOUGHT OF MAKING IT NAVIGABLE FOR THE DEEP DRAFT VESSELS USING THE ST LAWRENCE SEAWAY THE SOUTH CHANNEL ENTRANCE TO THE OURER

WHILE

HARBOR HAS BEEN DEVELOPEDTO HANDLE THOSE SHIPS
FRONTIER TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY WAS THE PORT AND INCORPORATED WITH THE PORT AUTHORITY ESTABLISHED AUTHORITY HAS ASSEMBLED MOST OF THE LAND ADJACENT TO THE OUTER HARBOR UNDER ITS OWNERSHIP CURRENTLY MUCH OF THIS LAND HAS
IN 1967 THE NIAGARA

BEEN

FILLED

TO THE HARBOR LINE

AND FACILITIES

HAVE BEEN PROVIDED TO

ATTRACT

NEW COMMERCE TO

BUFFALO

HARBOR

OVER HALF OF THE TOTAL TONNAGE HANDLED BYTHE PORT OF BUFFALO IN 1967 WAS IRON ORE OF WHICH APPROXIMATELY 87 WAS DOMESTIC ORE OF IRON ORE LIMESTONE THE TOTAL THE THREE MAJOR BULK COMMODITIES AND GRAIN COMPRISED FOURFIFTHS OF THE PORTS TOTAL TONNAGE
YEARS BEFORE IRON TOTAL TONNAGE OF WHICH THIRTY BULK COMMODITIES ORE HAD MADE UP ABOUT WAS DOMESTIC ORE

98

THE THREE MAJOR

30

OF THE

PORTS

CONSTITUTED

THE

TOTAL TONNAGE OF 1937 HALF MILLION TONS IN 1967 AND ONE MILLION TONS COMPARED TO SIXTEEN IN 1937 OF THE TOTAL AND GRAIN BY LIMESTONE COMPRISED OF THE TOTAL TONNAGE AND GRAIN FELL TO LIMESTONE ROSE TO 1967 BETWEEN THE ABOVE YEARS HAD FOUND THE THREE IN THE 1950S THE TREND

HALF OF THE TOTAL TONNAGE APPROXIMATELY WHICH WAS AN ACTIVE YEAR WAS TWENTY

14

13 11

MAJOR BULK COMMODITIES
WITH IRON ORE THEN

CONIPRISING THE APPROACHIRLG

TWOTHIRDS

OF THE

TOTAL TONNAGE

50

MARK
ROLE OF THE PORT OF BUFFALO IN

THE GENERAL CARGO AND OCEAN SHIPPING
THE FUTURE THAT SHIPS
IS

BASED ON HISTORIC PIVOTAL PRECEDENT IT IS PROBABLE WILL GET LARGER AND STOP AT FEWER PORTS ON THE GREAT
PORTS OF THE LAKES

LAKES
SURVIVE

THE

GENERATING

THE

MOST CARGO

WILL

BUFFALO AS MAJOR REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION POINT IS HAMPERED OTHER PORTS IN THE SAME REGION THE PORT AUTHORITY SEEKS TO BY SECURE FOR THE PORT AS BULK TERMINAL TO ESTABLISH SIGNIFICANT POSITION BASE FROM WHICH TO BUILD BUFFALO DOES STEADY TRADE AND TO PROVIDE HAVE AN ADVANTAGE IN BEING GENERAL CARGOES ARE
ABLE TO HANDLE BULK AND SPECIALTY TON THAN

CARGO

BULK CARGOES FOR ANY LACK OF SUCH CARGOES ON THE GREAT LAKES AND BUFFALO PORT THERE IS SUFFERS FROM THIS CONSIDERATION THE FUTURE OF GENERAL CARGO SHIPPING THE MIGHT APPEAR BLEAK TRENDS TOWARD CARGO CONTAINERIZATION TREND OF SERVICING OF FEWER PORTS AND BUFFALOS RELATIVE CONTINUING CLOSENESS TO THE GIANT PORT OF NEW YORK ALL WOULD SEEM TO UNDERSCORE

MORE VALUABLE PER

BLEAKNESS
ITS

THE

LOCAL PORT AUTHORITY

IS

NOT PESSIMISTIC

HOWEVER
STEEL AND

PLAN

IS

TO HOLD AND BUILD

UPON KEY COMMODITIEG

IMPORT

VI 132

THE PORT AUTHORITY HAS SOUGHT AND EXPORT FLOUR INCREASED IN 1969 ATTRACTED INCREASES IN BULK CARGOES CLAY POTASH SALT SAND FLOUR AND STEEL STAPLES TOGETHER WITH OTHER BULK CARGO GROWTH COULD
ATTRACT ADDITIONAL

ETC

CARGOES
THE PORT OF BUFFALO TO 1947

DOMESTIC GRAIN REACHING FELL BY 58 FROM THE 1943
1933
OF ALL TO 1937 LEVEL OF THE GREAT

BETWEEN

1963

AND 1967

LEVEL

THIS

DROP WAS ONLY

22

FROM

HOWEVER BY 1960
PORTS
IN

THE PORT OF BUFFALO

RANKED SEVENTH

LAKES
STATES
TO

TERMS

UNITED

RANKING DESPITE

BUT FELL

88

THE LOSS HI SHIPPING OF THE TONNAGE HANDLED BY THE PORT AUTHORITY

PORTS IN TWENTYSIXTH GREAT LAKES

OF TONNAGE HANDLED AND TWENTYFIRST 1967 BUFFALO HELD ITS GREAT

LAKES

OF BOTH

LAKES

AND COASTAL PORTS THAT SOURCE IN 1968 SUPPLIED

SSUMING THAT POLLUTION PROBLEMS WILL BE EFFECTIVELY COMBATTED THE GREAT LAKES WILL STILL OFFER THE WORLDS LARGEST SUPPLY OF FRESH WATER BY THE NEXT CENTURY THIS RESOURCE WILL BECOME OF INCREASING IMPORTANCE
IMPORTANT
BUFFALO WITH ITS STRATEGIC LOCATION

SHOULD PLAY AN

ROLE

FUTURE PROSPECTS FOR THE PORT GENERALLY MAY INCLUDE LONGER SHIPPING SEASON AND REGROWTHIN HARBOR COMMERCE LAND PROJECTIONS AND ISLANDS MAY BE BUILT OF WASTE AND DREDGED MATERIAL BEHIND BULKHEADS WHICH ARE DESIGNED TO CONTROL THE WATER FLOW OF LAKE ERIE NEW

CANAL USING
ERIE SINCE 1874

ROCK CANAL ROUTE IN AND ONTARIO REMAINS AND POSSIBILITY
THE BLACK

PART TO CONNECT
IS STILL

LAKES UNDER STUDY

THERE HAVE BEEN TWENTY SUCH STUDIES IF THE PRESENT STUDY FINDS SUCH CANAL TO BE WARRANTED INSTEAD OF SIMPLY IMPROVING THE WELLAND CANAL ADDITIONAL WOULD BE THRUST ADJACENT TO SHIPPING
BUFFALO THE

HARBOR ADDING AN IMPETUS AREA

TO THE

GROWTHOF COMMERCE IN

SLIP COO1IN

1965

1966

AREA CORPS OF ENGINEC1 AREAS SQUAW FILL ICE

DRECIG

NNLCRINL 19681970
IN

US
1964

BOOM

IN

NONNAVIGOTION

SEASON

ON

1952 2958 STALIOFL FRONTIER PORT AUTHORITY PA NIAGARA SMALL BOAT RAMP 1960 ONTARIO OF BUFIALOMURIFLA PROPOSED CITY 1959 RICH MARINA

INCINE
ASS

P1T

1UMPIN

RCP1 FU

AREAS

1965

CI

OIVEIN

OF PIANFLINU69 PS

HT
044

IN
IL

PA

PA

SRN211
18

AREA MATERIAL JILL AREA UR WATERFRONT URBAN RENEWAL PROJECT PROCESS
DREDPECL

TIMES

HARBOT 193 BEACHPROPOSED RECREATION
BOJT

ITJ

FIGURE

D1 BUFFALO HARBOR
FACILITIES

AND RELATED

1134

TONS
LI
II

POUND
2000

OP

II

LUJJ
DO ES

INTERW CANAL COMMERCE LOCALDESIGNATIONS
PORT AND YORK HARBOR
THE

MILLIONS

YET CVJ
41T
LIV

DOMESTIC STATE

BGAB R E ECAME

INTRAPORT
OF

BUFFALOIN
POILTOF
LJY
QC

1J
AT

LAKE
FROM

FOREIGN
AND
TO

NEW

COMMET

INCLUDING ROCKCHANNEL BUFFALO SHIPMENT ERIE SHIPMENTS PORT
TO

TONAWANDA INCLUDING

LAKE THE
15

BLACK 1957

THE

D2WAT2FL
20

USING USING
IC

AFTER

WITHIN

FIG

SHIPMENTS SHIPMENTS WATERWAYSIPMENTS
SB OC

LAKE

LOCAL

TONNAGE
PART
14
FL

EXPLANATIONPVW3
OF OF IS AS OF IN ON

GRAPH YEARSLOCAL 1939 TRAFFIC FROM CLASSI THE WHEN RECORDFIGURES AND MERGED THENRA KING PORTS CORPS 1906 THE GRAPH AVAILABLE WEREWITH LARGE THE 34 TONAWANDA AFTER LOCAL COMMERCE LAKE US ACCURATE RECORD THE HARBORS AREA VARIOUS THE THE TABLE THROUGH PAGE1957 BUFFALO UNDER 1939 THE PRIOR REPORTS CENTURY LESS ENGINEERS WHEN FIGURES COMPARISON REASONABLE ACTIVITY THE FROM BUFFALO INTERNAL GRAPHENGINEERS YEARSFROM CUSTOMS USED LAKE NOTES PORT DIFFERENTLY INDICATED AND PORT LISTED AAFLTSEOR FROM BOARDFORTHE OBTAINED THENINETEENTH AND USDBOAR CREEK TWEEXTRSE SOURCUENNOTIFORM GFORARMPH CHPANOGERTD BAARESED YEARSHANDLED JUDGEMENT FORT HANDLED ARE 1921 THE KEPT FORMERLY CENTURY THE BUFFALO ARE DEPICTED BRW THE CONR THE TONS AFTER CHANGED US WEREWORKS SOURCES CANAL AND THE PORTS MAKE RANKINGS WEREGRAPH PART TRAFFIC THE FOR THE GRAVEL WASTWENTIETH THE PORT LAKE TRAFFIC PUBLIC SEVERAL BASED TRADEPRESENTED STATE THEPORT MEASURE RANK TERMS FOR AND THE PRESENTED WATERWAYTHE EARLIER FROM BOARD ABOVE TONNAGE HOWEVER REASONS RANKING YEARS SEEN US USED WEREINCLUDED SAND UNDER FOR FIGURES CANAL DECADE THE FOR FIGURES WITH CARGOFIGURES GROWTH SOME VIII CONSIDERED THE CONWASESIDRED MAY VIII
OF

NYS
OF

BUT
II 13 12 21 23

ALL
29

FORTS
US

THE

OF

PRESENTATION
GREAT FORTS LAKES
OF

PORT

OF

SIGNIFICNEE
1935 1940 1945 1950 1955 1960 1965 1968
ALL PORTS
OF

ON

TO

TO

OF

ON

AS

AT

ON

OF

ON

OF

OF

IS

OF

ON

OF

OF

IN

AS

USEDEXCEPT
GREAT PORTS LAKES
1900 1905 1910 1915 1920 1925 1930
IN TO

ON OF

IS

ON

FLUCTUATIONS
US

UP

IN

OF

BE

CONTEMPORARY
ENGINEERS
CORPS
US

OF OF

OF

TO

TO

AS

OF

OR

GRAPH
WERE THE
THE
AS IS IT OF

STATISTICS CATEGORIES SHIPMENTS HARBORFIGURES ILLINOIS FICATIONS ENGINEERS SOURCEFIGURES SUPERINTENDENT PREPARED BUFFALO RANDOM ALONG BASED LATER INDICATE
THE THC
OF

WAS ON

LISTED

OF

LAST

ON

THE

AREA

WAS THE THE

OF

TABLE

THROUGH
IT

QUANTITATIVE
FROM PIER AREA
BY

BE

ALSO PORTS

TABLE

SOURCE
LONGER

DIVIDOD NIAGARA
ARE

DISTRICTS EASTWARD INCLUDING ERIE INTERNATIONAL ENGLNEERS EXTENDS LAKE
IN

YEAR FROM BOUNDARY COMPLETED PRIMARILY HYDROLOGICAL NIAGARA
BY
57

RI

THE THE
OF

THE

THE

CANAL
OF

OF

CRVRI E REEK GREAT MILES

RIVER

THE
OF OF

DISTRICT CORPS SHORE SHORE
OF

OF TO

US ALONG RIVER
THE
IN

BUFFALO THE
IN

ONTARIOS
STATE CANAL YORK WAS
IIIE
NEW

WDISTRICT ATERSHEDS
AND

RIVER LAKE LAWRENCE
ST

LFF1 SANDUSKY RIVER THE
BY

WATERWAY1903 YORK CONSISTS CREEKSALONG OLDEST MILES FALLS LISTED ENCLOSED CHANNEL 135IMLES ROCKCANAL MAXIMUM CARRYING FALLS FOLLOWING ERIE UNTIL NEW LAND SOUTH SQUARE WATER CANALS DRAFT CANAL ARTIFICIAL 338MILE STATES STRIP STRIP PROBABLY ANDHAS 9930 MLOILENGS THE NIAGARA FACILITIES CHANNEL CANAL LAKE ANDNORTH TONAWANDATHEBLACK THE LONG OPERATED UNITED AND AND AND THE DROP DREDGED SHIP PART RIVER LACKAWANNA THEPIMROVED AND CALLED END THE AND NARROW LONG AREA ONTARIO MILE INTO 363 1825 TONAWANDA CREEK SHALLOWEST MILES SURFACE STRAIT LAKE MAXIMUM INCLUDES CITY THE BUFFALO SANDHIP BUFFALO SOUTHERN BHAORABOTR THE CONVERTED BASIN BETWEEN INCLUDES TONAWANDA THE HAS THE BUFFALO EARBOR HARBOR HARBOR UNION ROCKCHABE1TWEEN 425MILES OFFTHE SMALL LENGTH BUFITLO INNOR INCLUDING OUTER ANUTH TLIA BLMRIVER UPPERBASIN INTO
IS

THAT BARGE STATE
THE
BY

THE
OF

THE

CATTAURAGUS
THE

DISCHARGE FWEITHEINT FEET
BUFFALO
BELOW
THE

BREAKWATERS INCLUDING

NIAGARA THE
THE
IN

WIDTH

326 167

LONG THE BE

NATURAL CIERE ONVERTED EXTENDING

NORTHERLY
NO TO

THE
AT

THE

LACKAWANNA
THE

CREEK
IS OF

PRESENTLY
USED
THE

THE AND
AT

CATTAURAGUS
34

AT

OF

OF

SURFACE DEVELOPED CREEP NIAGARA BARGE SUPPLEMENTED SCAJAQUADA FACILITIES STATE
WHICH
1825
OF

LOCATED CANAL
THE
OF

RIVER

HARBOR
THE
IS

WAS

BY

SOUTH

SCAJAQUADA
241
TO

WHICH ISLAND ACRES
THE
IS

AREA BI FRAN ABETIT 100K LOCK WAS

OF

SHIPPING CHANNEL
ERIE LAKE LAKE LAKES THE
IT

YORK

CANAL

UIENIACARA BASIN NORTH

AREA ALSO OF

RIVER ERIE LAKE

OF

FON
OF

136

THE

NORTH

NOW THE THE

DRAFT

OF

R1CDOGRC
THE

NIAGARA FROM

ITS

POST

BLABLEEK IRTBSARD BA

LWERSMALL

TRIMPOVED ERMINUS
THE

LAI WESTERN
CF

EN

TNBLE

01

WHEAT FLOTR

PRODUCTION

IN

HUNDRED WEIGHT

LARGEST

US

CENTERS

YE 5YR
FAR

AVERAGE PERIOD

BUFF5LO

KANSAS CITY

MINNEAPOLIS

195357 196367

26593154 26637784
02 LAKE RECEIPTS OF GRAIN WHEAT AT

13739157 14307242
IN BUSHELS

12108065 8630752

TABLE

BUPPALO

OTHER

GRAIN

TOTAL

193337 194347 195357 196367

13049

78869224

68759871 53321270 CORN OATS BARLEY

18748902 51878816 52112606 22235425 RYE FLAXSEED
AT

97618126 182377299 120872477 75556695

SOYBEANS MALT

TABLE

RAIL

RECEIPTS

OF GRAIN WHEAT

BUFFALO

IN

BUSHELS TOTAL

OTHER GRAIN

195357 196367

32883020 19653220 CORN OATS BARLEY

45649600 10819600 RYE FLAXSEED
LOADED

78532620 30472820

SOYBEANS MALT
THY

TABLE

VT

L4

GRAIN

TO BUFFAI

OUT BY RAILROAD OTHER GRAIN

IN

BUSHELS TOTAL

195357 196367

20
WHEAT

5109254 RYE

12356896 6936
RYE ONLY
FLAXSEED

32601669 5116190

CORN OATSBARLEY
SOTIRCE THE

CORN EXCHANGE BUFFALO

NY

TABLED

SHIPMENT OF GRAIN FROM BUFFALO BAPGE CANAL AT OSWEGO IN

NY

VIA WELLAND TONS

CANAL

AND

NYS

YEARLY AVERAGE FOR 5YR PERIOD

WHEAT

OTHER GRAIN

TOTAL

195357

136000

398933 1956

534833

ALL

IN

19555657
ONLY CORN OATS BARLEY FLAXSEED

196367

70315 ALL IN 1964
CORN ONLY

70315

SOURCE

NYS

DEPT

OF TRANSPORTATION

RV

TAALE

06

BUFFALO RECEIPTS OF OF 2000 IN MILLIONS

RC

ORE AND LIMESTONE INTERVALS

LB TONS BY FIVEYEAR

IRON ORE TOTAL TONS

CANADIAN OF TOTAL

ORE

LIMESTONE

1930 1935 1940 1945 1950 3955 1960 1965 3966 1967 1968 1969

297 212 560 644 660 749 708 902 941 907 836

00

08
06 05 57 99 73 152 163 121 109

93 110 22 240 348 398 319 300 303 236 227

870

102

228

PRELIMINARY

FIG
CORPS OF ENGINEERS

SOURCE

US

TAB1JD7

BUFFALO

CUSTOMS

DISTRICT

FOREIGN

COMMERCE 19461969

NATIONAL VALUE

RANKING

COMPARED TO OTHER

US

CUSTOMS

DISTRICTS IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS

OF FREIGN

COMSERCE BUFFALO

CUSTOMS DISTRICT

194650
AVERAGE RANKING EXPORT IMPART TOTAL

195155
AVERAGE

195660
AVERAGE

196165
AVERAGE

1966

1967

1968

1969

VALUE EXPORT IMPORT TOTAL

3845
2160 6005

5667
4057 9714

7745
4174
13919

8938
5577 14515

14008
11088 25096

15097
13902 28999

16078
23483 37561

18444
26819 45263

CUSTOMS DISTRICT

PORTS AND DISTRIBUTION

POINTS

IN

METROPOLITAN

BUFFALO

PLUS DUNKIRK AND

RAIL

MAIL

CARRIED BY VESSEL AIR TRUCK PIPELINE CONNERCE EXPORT AND IMPORT GENERAL NOT INCLUDED MOTOR VEHICLES THROUGH CANADA ARE INCLUDED SHIPPED OF BY

DISTRICTS THESE ARE JOINED

NE YORK AND DETROIT EXCEED NE ORLEANS AND SAN FRANCISCO

VALUE OF BUFFALO IN TOTAL AND IN TO EXCEED BUFFALO IN EXPORT

IMPORT

NOTE SOURCE
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS

THE PORT HANDLES PERCENT OF THIS

COT
969

ONLY

SMALL

FOR 19461965
HIGHLIGHTS OF

US

US

FOREIGN FOREIGN CPORS AND

IMP TRS

OF THE UNITED OMMERCE AND NAVIZATION STATE 3966 ISSUES FOR TRADE SUXNAXARY FT070E ANDI DAOENIB DA0I4 ROT 29GS

1967

T9

39

1967

VII38

AIR

POLLUTIONAPPENDIX

OF BOTH THE ERIE COUNTY THE BUFFALO AREA FALLS UNDER THE JURISDICTION AND NEW YORK STATE HEALTH DEPARTMENTS IN REGARD TO THE REGULATION OF AIR POLLUTION WITHIN THE METROPOLITAN AREA THERE ARE FOUR POLLUTION AND THE LATTER THE CITY OF BUFFALO IS COVERED BY ZONES ZONES LEVELS TO 75 MICROGRAMS PER OF WHICH PERMITS DUST AND DIRT EMISSION REDUCTION FROM THE PAST WHERE LEVELS CUBIC METER THIS REPRESENTS THE STATE AIR QUALITY ZONES RANGE FROM TO 280 HAD BEEN REACHED UP AND III LEVEL TO BUT THE FIFTH LEVEL IS NOT USED ZONES II 55 AND 65 MICROGRAMS PER CUBIC METER RESPECTIVELY PERMIT LEVELS OF 45 THESE LEVELS ARE TO BE CONSIDERED GOALS SUPERIMPOSED ON FIGURE AIR POLLUTION OF AIR POLLUTIOR AS RECORDED IN ZONES ARE DENSITIES JUNE 1972

ISLAM

KENMORE

SV

NO
FIGURE AIR POLLUTION

ZONES

V11

39

TRANSPORTATION

PLAN

BUFFALO
CHAPTER
VIII

MASTER PLAN

TRANSPORTATION
THE DESIGN
IN

PLAN

OF

COMPREHENSIVE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
THE FUTURE LAND USE DISTRIBUTION THE POTENTIAL
OF WITFIIN

IS

OF CRITICAL

IMPORTANCE
THIS

DETERMINING

THE CITY

IN

SENSE
LAND USE DESIRABLE

THE TRANSPORTATION

SYSTEM HAS

OF ALLOWING OR ENCOURAGING THE DEVELOPMENT OF

CHANGES

IN

CONSIDERING
IS

THE FUNCTION ESSENTIAL

BUFFALO

THOROUGHFARE SYSTEM

IF

THE CENTRAL

CITY

CHARACTER OF BUFFALO

IS

TO

BE

IMPROVED

THE TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM

IN

LARGE

METROPOLITAN CENTER HAS TWO

MAJOR OBJECTIVES

TO PROVIDE
CITY AND

FOR THE EFFICIENT

MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE AND GOODS

TO

AND FROM THE

TO PROVIDE PROPER FOR

FOR THE EFFICIENT

MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE AND GOODS

WITHIN

THE CITY

THE PURPOSE OF THIS OBJECTIVES

DISCUSSION
SATISFIED

THE FACT THAT BOTH INTRACITY THE CRITERIA

AND
OF THE

INTRAREGIONAL

MUST BE

FOR THE EVALUATION

TRANSPORATTION SYSTEM HAVE BEEN CONSIDERED

SEPARATELY

THE PRIMARY

ARTERIAL

SYSTEM

IS

USUALLY
IN

CONSIDERED AS BEING INTRACITY
TO

SERVING
THE

THE EXPRESSWAY
OF BOTH INTRA

SYSTEM HAS AND

ADDITION

LOCAL

REQUIREMENTS
SINCE

ACCOMMODATION

INTERREGIONAL

TRAFFIC

MOVEMENTS
THE

ANTICIPATED

GROWTH WILL BE
THE GREATEST OF BUFFALO

CONCENTRATED OUTSIDE SCRUTINY
IS

THE CITY

INTRAREGIONAL

SYSTEM REQUIRES
CITY

IF

THE OBJECTIVE

OF CAPITALIZATION

ON THE CENTRAL

FUNCTION

TO BE

ACHIEVED

POLICIES

AND OBJECTIVES
PLAN SETS FORTH GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
IN TO

THE TRANSPORTATION
THE

ADEQUATELY SERVE AT THE

PROPOSED LAND USE ARRANGEMENTS EXPRESSED
THEY

THE

MASTER PLAN

SAME TIME

EMPHASIZE

THE CENTRAL

CITY

FUNCTION

OF BUFFALO

ON THE NIAGARA

VIII

FRONTIER

DIFFICULT

BUT DESIRABLE

OBJECTIVE

IS

THE CONSOLIDATION

OF DIVERSE

RAILROAD PROPERTY AND LINES

OWNED BY VARIOUS COMPANIES SERVING SIMILAR
TRAFFIC

OR

OUTDATED FUNCTIONS
TRAFFIC

WHIE AUTOMOBILE

MUST BE SERVED
ALL

PROPOSALS FOR
OF THE

IMPROVEMENTS MUST BE WEIGHED
DESIRABLE

AGAINST
IS TO

THE ELEMENTS

MASTER

PLAN

PLANNING CONSIDERATION

ENCOURAGE CLOSE RELATIONSHIP

BETWEEN PLACES OF RESIDENCE RAPID TRANSIT PROPOSAL WITHIN

AND EMPLOYMENT
THE CITY
IN

OF MAJOR

SIGNIFICANCE

IS

THE

SUCH FACILITIES
TO THE

NOT ONLY PROVIDE

TREMENDOUS CARRYING
ALSO OFFER DEVELOPMENT
IN LIGHT

CAPACITIES

COMPARISON
OF

AUTOMOBILE

BUT THEY

OPPORTUNITIES FOR

UNIQUE NATURE

OF THE GENERAL POLICIES OF SPECIFIC
IN

TH

TRANSPORTATION

SYSTEM

STATED

ABOVE

SERIES

OBJECTIVES

ARE LISTED

REDUCTION INCREASED

THE LENGTH OF TRAVEL
TO ALL

TIME AREA
AND
THUS

ACCESSIBILITY

PARTS OF THE CITY AND METROPOLITAN

ALLOWING FOR GREATER LOCATIONAL PLACE OF
UTILIZATION

CHOICE

BOTH

IN

PLACE OF RESIDENCE

WORK
OF THE TRANSPORTATION

NETWORK TO FACILITATE
RELATE

THE ACHIEVEMENT

OF LAND

USE OBJECTIVES
INDUSTRIAL

AS AN

EXAMPLE

THE TRANSPORTATION

SYSTEM

TO

PROPOSED

AREAS
FUNCTIONAL

UTILIZE

THE TRANSPORTATION NETWORK TO ENCOURAGE DESIRABLE THE CENTRAL

CHANGES

WITHIN

CITY THROUGH THE PROPER DESIGN OF THOROUGHFARES
OF PUBLIC TRANSIT

INCREASED

SAFETY LEVELS

IMPROVED

SERVICE

VIII

BACKGROUND
IN

THE NIAGARA FRONTIER
OBJECTIVE

TRANSPORTATION

STUDY

NETS

BEGAN

1961

THE STUDYS

WAS

TO PREPARE

JZBMPREHENSIVE

TRANSPORTATION

PLAN FOR THE METROPOLITAN

AREA ERIE AND NIAGARA
OF THREE

COUNTIES

NETS EMPLOYED
AND PLAN

PLANNING PROCESS CONSISTING

PHASES INVENTORY

FORECAST

AND TEST
DESTINATION

THE

TRAVEL

INVENTORY WAS TAKEN THROUGH EXTENSIVE COUNTS IN 1962

ORIGINAND

SURVEYS AND TRAFFICVOLUME THIS

THE BASE YEAR FOR

LATER PROJECTIONS

MATERIAL

COMBINED WITH LANDUSE INFORMATION AS
RESULT OF TESTING

WAS

USED TO DEVELOP TRIP GENERATING

RATES

THE ALTERNATE

NETWORKS BY ADVANCED MODALSPLIT BASIC MILES CORRIDOR
OF EXISTING PLAN CONSISTING OF

TECHNIQUES

THE

NETS RECOMMENDED
OF

EXPRESSWAY NETWORK COMPRISED
AND 126 MILES
LOCALLY OF

120

AND UNDERCONSTRUCTION FACILITIES

NEW

ROUTES

THE BASIC CORRIDOR PLAN WAS

NOT WELL RECEIVED

NFTS

ALSO

EXAMINED

FUTURE

MASS

TRANSIT

NEEDS SYSTEM

IT

CONCLUDED THAT
TRANSIT

IF

NO

IMPROVEMENTS WERE MADE WOULD DECLINE
TRIPS IN 1985

TO THE TRANSIT

OF 1962 OF

RIDERSHIP
TO

FROM AN AVERAGE WEEKDAY VOLUME
DURING PERIOD

208 000

TRIPS

189 000
TO DOUBLE

WHEN TOTAL PERSON

TRIPS

WERE PREDICTED

THE

NETS

DEVISED

ELEVEN ALTERNATE

PROPOSALS FOR TRANSITFACILITY
TRAVEL

DEVELOPMENT
IT

AND TESTED
FINAL

THEM AGAINST PREDICTED
THE

DEMANDS
THE

ALTHOUGH

DID

NOT

MAKE

RECOMMENDATIONS THE GREATEST

NFTS

INDICATED

CORRIDORS OF HIGH TRANSIT NORTH FROM DOWNTOWNBUFFALO

POTENTIAL IN WHAT

POTENTIAL

WAS

DIRECTLY

NETS

CALLED

THE

KENMORE CORRIDOR
OTHER SIGNIFICANT

SECOND WAS

THE UNIVERSITY TO THE

CORRIDOR

TO THE NORTHEAST

VOLUMES WERE INDICATED

EAST

TO THE SOUTHEAST

AND TO THE SOUTH

LESSER VOLUMES WERE SHOWN EAST
OF THE BUFFALO

WARD FROM NIAGARA

FALLS

ON THE PERIMETER

URBANIZED

AREA

VIII3

THE NFTS WORK WAS
VOLUMES
TRANSIT

USEFUL

IN

IDENTIFICATION

OF CORRIDORS BUT NO DECISIONS

AND ESTIMATING
TO

OF USE OF THE SEVERAL ALTERNATIVES

IMPLEMENT

IMPROVEMENTS WERE

MADE SUNYAB AMHERST CAMPUS AND
GROWTH
THE

TO ASSESS
MEANS
OF

THE IMPACT

OF THE

TO SUGGEST STATE OFFICE

ACCOMMODATING
COORDINATION

THE EXPECTED

NEW YORK

OF PLANNING

OPC WAS REQUESTED
RAPID
TRANSIT

TO CONDUCT LINE THE

AN IMPACT

STUDY

MAJOR RECOMMENDATION WAS
CORRIDOR

IN

BUFFALOAMHERST
STREET

THE

IJNIVERSITY

CORRIDOR

OF THE

NFTS

GENERALLY ALONG MAIN

FROM

THE

BUFFALO

CBD THROUGH

THE PRESENT

SUNYAB CAMPUS
THE NIAGARA

AND TO THE NEW FRONTIER TRANSPORTATION
IN

AMHERST CAMPUS COMMITTEE

THE NETS WAS REPLACED BY

NFTC

WHICH WAS TO PERFORM CONTINUING

TRANSPORTATION STUDIES
HIGHEST PRIORITY FOR

THE

AREA

THE BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR HAS BEEN GIVEN

IMPLEMENTATION

THE

NIAGARA

FRONTIER

TRANSPORTATION

AUTHORITY

WAS CREATED
FOR

TO

IMPLEMENT

TRANSPORTATION

IMPROVEMENTS UNDER

BROAD STATE POLICY

TRANSPORTATION
LINE

THE CONSTRUCTION

OF THE

BUFFALOAMHERST RAPID
OF RAPID IN THE TRANSIT

TRANSIT

SHOULD GET UNDERWAY SHORTLY ACQUISITION

AND EXTENSIONS
OF BUS

FACILITIES

HAVE BEEN PROPOSED
IS

COMPANIES

METROPOLITAN AREA
WILL

CONTEMPLATED BY THE

AND

TRANSPORTATION CENTER

BE

BUILT

IN

DOWNTOWNBUFFALO

VIII4

EXISTING

FHOROUGHFARE
WITHIN

SYSTEM

FIGURE

PRESENTS METROPOLITAN

THE

MAJOR

ARTERIAL

AND

EXPRESSWAY SYSTEMS
ARTERIALS INTO

THE CITY

AND ADJACENT
AT

AREA

THE PRIMARY
OUTWARD

ARE RADIAL

IN

NATURE

STARTING

NIAGARA

SQUARE AND RADIATING REPRESENT

THE METROPOLITAN

AREA

THE THOROUGHFARES
IN

INDICATED AID

FACILITIES

THAT

MEY BE

ELIGIBLE

FOR INCLUSION BUFFALO

FEDERAL

NETWORK

AMONG

THE

PRIMARY

RADIAL

ARTERIALS

IN

ARE NIAGARA

DELAWARE MAIN

GENESEE
THE

BRAODWAY AND SENECA STREETS
FORM
OF

RHE REMAINDER OF THE ARTERIAL
WITH THE STREETS EITHER

SYSTEM TAKES

MODIFIED

GRID

PATTERN

RUNNING NORTHSOUTH SUCH AS

SUCH AS BAILEY

FILLMORE

AND JEFFERSON

OR

EASTWEST
STREETS

KENMORE
MOST PART

HERTEL
THE

AMHERST DELAVAN

FERRY AND WILLIAM

FOR

THE

GRID ARTERIALS

ARE PRESENTLY INTRACITY

SERVICE

ROUTES
RADIAL

AN EXPRESSWAY
SYSTEMS AND
INNER

SYSTEM HAS BEEN SUPERIMPOSED OVER
GENERALLY TAKES THE FORM OF

THE GRID

AND

ARTERIAL

CIRCUMFERENTIAL

BELT

SYSTEM

THE

EXPRESS

WAY

BELT

CONSISTS

OF THE KENSINGTON

EXPRESSWAY AND

THE SCAJAQUADA

EXPRESSWAY
AND
THE

THE SECOND

BELT IS

DEFINED BY THE

NEW YORK

ST
THIS

THRUWAY SYSTEM
OF THE
IS

TO THE EAST

YOUNGMANN EXPRESSWAY
SERIES
OF RADIAL

NORTH OF THE CITY THE NIAGARA

CONNECTED BY
STATE

EXPRESSWAYS

SECTION

NEW YORK

THRUWAY

THE BUFFALO

SKYWAY AND

PART

OF THE KENSINGTON

EXPRESSWAY THE
MAJOR
ARTERIAL

EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM HAS BEEN CONSTRUCTED INDEPENDENT SYSTEM
IN

OF THE

TERMS

OF

RIGHTOFWAY ALIGNMENTS

FIGURE

AVERAGE DAILY TRAFFIC
OF THE CENTRAL

INDICATES

POINTS

OF TRAFFIC

CONGESTION NORTH
OF DEVELOPMENT

AND
HAS

EAST

CORE OF THE CITY

THE

HISTORIC

PATTERN

MOVED IN NORTHERLY AND EASTERLY
THE

DIRECTIONS

FROM
IN

THE CENTRAL

CORE

CONSEQUENTLY
FIGURE

MAJOR

TRAFFIC

FLOWS HAVE BEEN

THIS

NORTHEASTERLY CORRIDOR AS PRESENTED
IN

COMBINES

THE SAFETY

AND CAPACITY

DEFICIENCIES

THE

VIII5

LEXPRESSWAY

PRIMARY ARTERIAL SECONDARY ARTERIAL

FIGURE

EXISTING THOROUGHFARES

VIII6

TOPICS
OF

STUDY FOR THE CITY
OF THESE

THE TOPICS PROGRAM

WILL

ASSIST

IN

THE RESOLUTION

MANY

PROBLEMS

THE

TRANSPORTATION

SYSTEM

WILL

DETERMINE
IN

TO

LARGE EXTENT

THE

MANNER
IF

IN

WHICH

THE CENTRAL TO ATTRACT

CORE OF BUFFALO AND RETAIN

IS

TO SERVE

METROPOLITAN
OF REGIONAL

CAPACITY
ACTIVITIES
IT

THE CORE

IS

SIZABLE

PROPORTIONS

WILL

BE

NECESSARY PROVISIONS
CITY

THAT ACCESSIBILITY

TO

AND FROM THE CORE BECOMES ONE OF THE MAJOR

OF THE TRANSPORTATION FACILITATE THE EASY

SYSTEM

AUTOMOBILE
WITHIN

MOVEMENT WITHIN
THE CITY FACILITIES
IN

THE

MUST

MOVEMENT OF PEOPLE
THE PROPOSED RAPID
IN

RELATION

TO THE

EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM WHICH
WILL

TRANSIT IN

AND BUS LINES

IN

THE CITY

PLAY KEY ROLES

MOVEMENT AND

FUTURE

DEVELOPMENT

THOROUGHFARE STANDARDS

TABLE

PRESENTS GENERAL STANDARDS FOR AGENCIES OPERATING WITHIN
THE BUFFALO

THOROUGHFARES AS DEVELOPED BY VARIOUS

AREA

IT

IS

RECOGNIZED

THAT CERTAIN

SITUATIONS

REQUIRE INDIVIDUAL

SOLUTIONS

HOWEVER THOROUGHFARE STANDARDS
PLAN
AS

WILL

SERVE

AS DOES THE GENERAL LAND USE

GUIDE

TABLE

MINIMUM

THOROUGHFARE DESIGN STANDARDS

COLLECTOR
DESIGN ELEMENTS EXPRESSWAY
ARTERIALS SINGLE FAMILY RESIDENTIAL AREAS

LOCALS
ORHER
SINGLE FAMILY RESIDENTIAL AREAS

OTHER

ALL WIDTHS MEASURED IN FEET NUMBER OF TRAFFIC LANES
WIDTH
WIDTH
OF OF

46
12

46
12

24
10 10 60 30
11

TRAFFIC

LANES LANE
OR

10
10

CURB PARKING

SHOULDER MEDIAN WIDTH
WIDTH
OF

10 20

10
12

10 80 30 50
25

RIGHTOFWAY

120144
50 VOLUME

100120
40

6080
25

DESIGN

SPEED

MPH

MINIMUM AVERAGE

DAILY

45000
65000

20000
30000
AREAS

8000

12000

5000

8000

APARTMENT MULTIFAMILY

HIGH DENSITY RESIDENTIAL

AND COMMERCIAL SHOPPING AREAS

1117

RI

TRAFFIC VOLUME IN THOUSANDS

00 0CM

FIGURE

2AVERAGE

DAILY

TRAFFIC

VIII8

IILTIJTIL

IL

1R2

PTM

VJ

TI

EF RA
ULWW

CARACITY DEFICIENCIES INTERSECTION CRITICAL

MGREATER
800

THAN

TO 1000

LANE VOLUME VEHICLES PER VEHICLES PER HOUR
1000

HOUR
4A

SAFETY DEFICIENCIES HIGH ACCIDENT LOCATIONS OR MORE IN 1969

10

II
FIGURE TRAFFIC DEFICIENCIES

TL

VIII9

TRANSPORTATION PLAN

THOROUGHFARE

PLAN

THE THOROUGHFARE
CIRCULATION

PLAN

SUGGESTS

SOME

ARTERIAL

IMPROVEMENTS
LAND

DESIGNED TO SOLVE EXISTING USE ARRANGEMENTS METROPOLITAN
THE CENTRAL

PROBLEMS AND

TO EFFECT THE

DESIRABLE

THE

ARTERIAL

SYSTEM SHOULD BE AN

INTEGRAL

PART OF THE
OF STRENGTHENING

THOROUGHFARE SYSTEM AND CONFORM WITH THE OBJECTIVE
FUNCTION OF BUFFALO
IT

CITY

IS

NOT THE PURPOSE

OF THE THOROUGHFARE PLAN

TO

MAKE

DETAILED

STUDIES

OF

RIGHTOFWAY ALIGNMENTS

CONSTRUCTION

COSTS

OR

INTERCHANGE DESIGN RESPECT TO THE ARTERIAL

THE

FOLLOWING

ARE THE GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS

MADE WITH

SYSTEM

THE COMPLETION OF THE CENTRAL CORE ARTERIAL LOOP THIS WILL SERVE AND DEFINE THE CORE IT ESSENTIAL IS THAT THE DESIGN OF THIS FACILITY ENHANCE THE CENTRAL CITY FUNCTION AND VISUAL APPEARANCE OF THE CORE AREA THERE MAY BE NEED FOR MAJOR ARTERIAL IMPROVEMENT NORTHSOUTH TRAFFIC MOVEMENTS NEAR THE EASTERN EDGE OF THE
ENTIRE SUBJECT TO HANDLE CITY

THIS

AREA

IS

PRESENTLY SERVED BY BAILEY

AVENUE

THIS

SHOULD BE THE

OF AN INDIVIDUAL

STUDY IMPROVED ACCESS
TO THE PORT INDUSTRIAL

THERE
ASSIST IN

IS

NEED

FOR

AREA

TO

THE
IS

AREA THERE

PROPER INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT OF THIS NEED FOR INCREASED ACCESSIBILITY

PRESENTLY UNDERUTILIZED

AN EXTENSION OF THE AURORA EXPRESSWAY IS SHOWN ON THE PLAN IT WOULD HELP MOVE TRAFFIC INTO THE DOWNTOWNAREA AND PROVIDE INCREASED TO WAREHOUSING AND INDUSTRIAL DISTRICTS ACCESSIBILITY
OTHER STUDY AREAS AND MINOR PROPOSALS ARE INDICATED
THAT ARTERIALS ARTERIALS

ON THE PLAN

IT

IS

SUGGESTED

BE IMPROVED TO PROVIDE

AN EFFICIENT

INTRACITY

SYSTEM

PRIMARY

SHOULD ALLOW FOR CONNECTIONS WITH THE EXPRESSWAY SYSTEM AND THEY

SHOULD GENERALLY DEFINE THAN DISRUPT

COMMUNITY AND NEIGHBORHOOD AREAS
THOROUGHFARE

WITHIN

THE

CITY RATHER

THOSE AREAS

PROPOSALS SHOULD BE EVALUATED WITH

VIIILO

ZI

RESPECT TO POPULATION DENSITY
TRANSPORTATION

AND LAND USE PROPOSALS

CONTINUAL REVIEW
OF

OF

NEEDS WILL BE REQUIRED BE JUDGED
AT THE

THE EXACT
TIME

LOCATION

PROPOSED FACILITIES
STUDIES

CAN MOST APPROPRIATELY

OF DETAILED

FEASIBILITY

MAJOR
SIGNAL

FACTOR

IN

THE

IMPROVEMENT PROPOSED BY
AS

OF TRAFFIC

FLOW WILL

BE THE

RECOMMENDED

CONTROL PLAN

AS

THE

TOPICS PROGRAM FIGURE
UNIT

COMPUTER WOULD OPERATE
EACH SIGNAL
THE

CENTRAL

PROCESSING
TRAFFIC

PROVIDING

INPUTS

TO

CONTROLLER
TO ADJUST

IT

WOULD RECEIVE

DATA

FROM SENSORS PERMITTING

SYSTEM

TO SITUATIONS

BEFORE THEY BECOME MAJOR

PROBLEMS

TRANSIT

PLAN

THE

DESIRABILITY

OF IMPROVING OF THE CITY
IS

THE CITYS

BUS

FACILITIES

IS

OBVIOUS WHEN THE POPULATION DENSITY
PATTERNS OF

CONSIDERED

THE

EXISTING

DEVELOPMENT

WILL

NEVER PERMIT BUFFALO TO RELY ON

TRANSPORTATION

SYSTEM BASED ON
BUS SERVICE
WILL

THE AUTOMOBILE

ALONE

IT

IS

NECESSARY
THE

TO PROPOSE

IMPROVED

THROUGHOUT THE CITY

EVENTUALLY
AUTHORITY

PRIVATELYOWNED BUS COMPANY
THE NECESSARY LEVELS

HAVE TO BE ACQUIRED BY

PUBLIC

TO PROVIDE

OF

SERVICE

THE PROPOSED RAPID
EXTREMELY
THAT

TRANSIT ROLE

LINE

IN

THE

BUFFALOAMHERST CORRIDOR
OF

WILL

PLAY
IN

AN

IMPORTANT
IT

IN

THE FOR

MOVEMENT OF LARGE NUMBERS
IMPROVED SERVICE
OF RAPID OF BUS LINES

PERSONS

CORRIDOR

ALSO CALLS

SERVING THE
IN

RAPID TRANSIT

FACILITY

LINE

THE EXTENSION
WILL

TRANSIT

SERVICE

THE

RICHMOND

GHEEKTOWAGA AND HAMBURG CORRIDORS
THE CITY

EXPAND RAPID

TRANSIT

SERVICE THROUGHOUT

AND ADJACENT URBAN AREAS

VIII

11

IIT
00 40

TH3RAVE
OR

BW

SIGNAL CONTROL SUBAREAS VARIABLE SPLIT CONTROLLERS INTERCONNECTED ARTERIALS

FIGURE

SIGNAL

CONTROL PLAN

VIII

12

ANOTHER TRANSPORTATION CONSIDERATION
CONSOLIDATION
OF RAILROAD

CONCERNS RAILROAD
DUPLICATE

FACILITIES

IN

THE CITY

LINES

PROVIDING

SERVICE OVER

IS

RECOMMENDED
250 ACRES ARE

OF

THE

27 000 ACRES
OR

OF LAND

WHICH COMPRISE
THIS
IS

THE CITY

OCCUPIED

OWNED BY RAILROADS

TOO

MUCH LAND
TO

TO BE DEVOTED TO THAT THE

PURPOSE

STUDY AND IMPLEMENTATION
IS

PROGRAM

PROMOTE

MOST

EFFICENT

USE OF LAND FOR RAILROAD PURPOSES

RECOMMENDED THE COOPERATION
PROGRAM DUE
FOR WATERBORNE TO RIGHTS

OF

NEW

YORK

STATE

WOULD BE NECESSARY
INVOLVED

FOR SUCH

OF THE

RAILROADS

IMPROVED

FACILITIES

MOVEMENT OF PERSONS MOVEMENT GOODS
OF POLLUTING

AND GOODS ALSO CALLS FOR INDIVIDUAL AND PERSONS EFFECTS
FACILITIES

STUDY

THE MOST

EFFICIENT

USING THE

MINIMUM

AMOUNT
IN

OF SPACE WITH THE PROVISION

MINIMUM

SHOULD BE CONTINUALLY

STRESSED

OF TRANSPORTATION

VIIP13

RJ

RA

RAPID

ARTERIAL IMPROVEMENTS CORRIDORS TRANSIT CORRIDORS

FIGURE

TRANSPORTATION

PLAN

VIII14

THIS

PLAN REPORT WAS PREPARED FOR THE BUFFALO CITY BOARD BY CITY NING PLANNING ASSOCIATESEAST INC UNDER THE GENERAL SUPERVISION OF BROOKS BRADEMAS

PROJECT DIRECTOR
JOHN ROSSI

PROJECT PLANNERS
HOWARD JAMES JAMES
RICE

HUGHES NEIDIGH

PROFESSIONAL

STAFF
ALEVIZOS

AUZINS

JOHN IRMA BRADEMAS JAMES

HOUSEKNECHT

MICHAEL

KANE

PATRICK MARTIN

KENNELLY

CAMPBELL JOHN CECCHI FREDERICK CLABAUGH FRANK
CONKLIN CRONIN FINFER GEORGE JOHN JR PAUL
CHRISTIAN

KIEVA MARTY PAPPAS APHRODITE
PORTER DIANE
MARIE

ROG JOANNE
SCHAFER WILLIAM STUTSMAN PAUL

EASTMAN RAYE
HOGENBIRK

VANNONI ZANO
WERNER ROBERT

GRAPHIC
BAILEY

ARTS

KREGG MASON LINDA RUTH VARGO MICHAEL ZACK RICHARD

PLANNING
TECHNICIANS
CITTADINE
GERALD

PARKS CAROLYN
PREGEL DENNIS PROFANT ELIZABETH

CORMENY TERRY
FRAUHIGER MARK ALAN GALASSI FRED GARDINI RONALD KATZENBERGER ROBERT

ROSSOW

CURTIS

LUTZ THOMAS
NICHOLS EUGENE

STRONG WILLIAM TAYLOR CHARLES WYNNE JAMES

ADMINISTRATIVE

SECRETARIAL
FERRIS
BOTTORFF STANLEY

MEKIBBEN
MILLER

CHARLOTTE

TAKACE MAHLON
MARSHA

RUTH
CATHERINE

PALAZZO

HEGEDUS BERENICE KNAPPEN THELMA
LANGLOIS
MARTI

SCHRADER JACQUELINE SCOTT SANDRA

THE

NOTE ABOUT THE PRODUCTION OF THIS REPORT FOR THE TEXT IS TYPEFACE GRANJON WITH

TITLES

IN

GOTHIC

BY RUPEL TYPESETTING CORPO RATION OF SOUTH BEND INDIANA THE REPORT WAS PHOTO COMPOSED BY CITY PLANNING ASSOCIATES INC AND OF SOUTH PRINTED BY SCHILLINGS BEND INDIANA

AND WAS TYPESET

endstreamendobj