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UNIVERSIDAD PEDAGÓGICA Y TECNOLÓGICA DE COLOMBIA

FACULTAD DE ESTUDIOS A DISTANCIA


INSTRUCTIVO PARA DESARROLLAR LAS ACTIVIDADES CORRESPONDIENTES A LA UNIDAD 1
(TECNOLOGÍA EN REGENCIA DE FARMACIA, GESTIÓN EN SALUD, COMERCIAL Y FINANCIERA Y
MERCADEO AGROPECUARIO)

EVERYTHING ABOUT YOU (verbo to be, wh questions, family members, personal


information, Present simple, adverbs of frequency)

 Verbo to be:
Las estructuras con el verbo "to be" sirven para poder comunicar varias aspectos muy útiles como
pueden ser "hablar sobre una persona" (su nombre, nacionalidad, de dónde es, su profesión, como
se siente, etc.) y "describir las características de alguien o algo" (qué es algo, su color, a quien
pertenece, etc.). Dichas estructuras son:

Afirmativa: Sujeto + am / is / are + complement


Ejemplo: I am a student (soy estudiante)

Negativa: Sujeto + am / is / are + not + complement


Ejemplo: I am not a teacher (no soy profesora)

Pregunta Yes / No: Am / is / are + sujeto + complement?


Ejemplo: Are you a student?
Yes, I am.

Pregunta de información: Wh + am / is / are + sujeto?


Ejemplo: Where are You from? (de dònde eres?)
I am From Tunja (soy de Tunja)

 Family Members:
Aunt tía
Boyfriend novio
Brother hermano
brother-in-law cuñado
Cousin primo/a
Dad pá
Daddy papi
Daughter hija
daughter-in-law nuera
Father padre
father-in-law suegro
Girlfriend novia
Godfather padrino
Godmother madrina
Grandad abuelito, "abue"
Grandchildren nietos
Granddaughter nieta
Grandfather abuelo
Grandma abuelita, "abue"
Grandmother abuela
Grandpa abuelito, "abue"
Grandparents abuelos
Grandson nieto
great-grandfather bisabuelo
great-grandmother bisabuela
Husband esposo, marido
Mother Madre
mother-in-law Suegra
Mom Má
Mum Má
Mummy Mami
Nephew Sobrino
Niece Sobrina
Parents Padres
Sibling hermano/a
Sister Hermana
sister-in-law Cuñada
Son Hijo
son-in-law Yerno
Stepdaughter Hijastra
Stepmother Madrastra
Stepfather Padrastro
Stepson Hijastro
Uncle Tío
Wife esposa, mujer
Countries and nationalities

 Argentina - Argentine  Holland - Dutch
 Australia - Australian  Hungary - Hungarian
 Austria - Austrian  Iceland - Icelander
 Canada – Canadian  India - Indian
 Colombia-Colombian  Iran - Iranian
 Chile - Chilean  Iraq - Iraqi
 China – Chinese  Ireland - Irish
 England - English  Israel - Israeli
 Finland - Finnish  Italy - Italian
 France - French  Japan - Japanese
 Germany - German  Jordan - Jordanian
 Greece - Greek  Mexico - Mexican
 Nepal - Nepalese  Spain - Spanish
 New Zealand - New Zealander  Switzerland - Swiss
 Pakistan - Pakistani  Syria - Syrian
 Paraguay - Paraguayan  Thailand - Thai
 Peru - Peruvian  Turkey - Turkish
 Poland - Polish  USA - American
 Romania - Romanian  Uruguay - Uruguayan
 Scotland - Scottish  Venezuela - Venezuelan
 South Africa - South African  Wales - Wels
Do you live in a house or an
apartment?
I live in ___
Personal Information Names

What is your name?


My name is _______.
Age
Work & Occupation How old are you?
What do you do? I am _______ years old.
I am a _______. When is your birthday?
Where do you work? My birthday is on the _______ of
I work at _______. _______.
Do you like your job? Where were you born?
Yes, I do. or No, I don't. I was born in _______.
Why do you like your job?
I like my job because _______. Contact Information
Where are you from?
Marital Status I am from _______.
Are you married / single? What is your address?
Yes, I am. or No I'm not. My address is _______.
Do you have a boyfriend / girlfriend? What is your phone number?
Yes, I do. or No, I don't. My phone number is _______.
What is your partner's name? What is your cell phone number?
My partner's name is _______. My cell phone number is _______.
Do you live with your parents?
Family Yes, I do. or No, I don't.
Do you have any children? Do you live alone?
Yes, I have _______ children. or No, Yes, I do. or No, I don't.
I don't
What are their names? Free time activities
How many brothers and sister do you My hobbies are _______.
have? What type of music do you like?
I have _______ brothers and I like _______ music
_______ sisters. What do you do in your free time?
Their names are _______. In my free time I _______.
I live with my _______.

 Rutina Diaria

a. El vocabulario propio de la rutina diaria:

- Get up: levantarse - turn on the radio: prender el radio


- make the bed: tender la cama - take a shower: bañarse
- Get dressed: vestirse - go to work: ir a trabajar
- Take the bus: tomar el bus - have breakfast, lunch, dinner: desayunar,
almorzar, cenar
- Take a break: tomar un descanso - watch TV: mirar tv.
- Listen to music: escuchar música, etc.

En las oraciones afirmativas no olvide que si hablamos de terceras persona (He, She, It) se debe
agregar una s o es al verbo, ejemplo:

- I get up at six o´clock


- Sara gets up at six o´clock
-
Para oraciones negativas se debe emplear Don´t (I, You, we, They) o doesn´t (He, She, It), y el
verbo debe ir en infinitivo, ejemplos:

- I don´t get up at eight o´clock


- Sara doesn´t get up at eight o´clock.

b. El vocabulario de comidas: juice, egg, bread, chicken, rice, potatoes, salad, etc. Apóyese en
un diccionario.

c. Las horas: recuerde que para decir en punto decimos: O´clocK: a las seis en punto: at six o
´clock; si la hora es diferente decimos primero la hora y luego los minutos: a las seis y
veinte: at six-twenty five.

d. En las preguntas, tenga presente que hay preguntas Yes / NO , en las cuales se debe
utilizar el auxiliar DO O DOES según la persona:

- Do you get up at six o´clock?


Yes, I do.
- Does She get up at six o´clock?
Yes, She does.

Si las preguntas son de información, utilice las WH y siga con la estructura. Recuerde las Wh mas
utilizadas:
- Who: quién
- Where: dónde
- What: qué
- When: Cuándo
- Why: por qué
- What time: A qué hora

Observe los siguientes ejemplos:


- What time do you get up?
I get up at six o´clock

- What time Does Sara get up?


She gets up at six o´clock
Adverbs of frequency

Adverbs of Frequency - Adverbios de Frecuencia

Se utilizan para indicar con qué frecuencia se realiza la acción indicada por el verbo.

Adverbs of Frequency
always siempre
usually usualmente
often frecuentemente
frequently frecuentemente
sometimes a veces
seldom rara vez
never nunca
everyday todos los días
every + day todos los + día
every Thursday todos los jueves
on + day + "s" los + día
on Thursdays los jueves
once a month una vez por mes
twice a month dos veces por mes
three times a month tres veces por mes
once a week una vez por semana
twice a week dos veces por semana
three times a week tres veces por semana

Ejemplos:

I always go to school by bus. I seldom have breakfast.


Siempre voy a la escuela en autobús. Rara vez tomo el desayuno.

I usually get up at 7. I never arrive late.


Usualmente me despierto a las 7. Nunca llego tarde.

I often / frequently watch TV in the Everyday I have homework.


evening. Todos los días tengo tareas.
Frecuentemente miro TV por la noche.

I sometimes have lunch in a restaurant.


A veces almuerzo en un restaurant.
Every Monday I have gym. Three times a month I have a test.
Todos los lunes tengo gimnasia. Tres veces por mes tengo examen.

On Mondays I have gym. I play tennis once a week.


Los lunes tengo gimnasia. Juego al tenis una vez por semana.

Once a month I have a test. I play tennis twice a week.


Una vez por mes tengo examen. Juego al tenis dos veces por semana.

Twice a month I have a test. I play tennis three times a week.


Dos veces por mes tengo examen. Juego al tenis tres veces por semana.

ACTIVIDADES

Tema1: TALKING ABOUT YOU AND YOUR RELATIVES (verbo to be, wh questions,
family members) personal information).

Actividades:
Lea con atención el instructivo que encuentra en el aula virtual y desarrolle las
siguientes prácticas:

1. Resuelva el ejercicio

Lea el siguiente texto y desarrolle las actividades propuestas

a) Hello, my name is Kate Bridges and I am ten years old. I am from Edinburgh in Scotland. I
am English. My Address is 24 Kings Road, Edinburgh and my telephone number is
0743365. I am a pupil.

b) Conteste las siguientes preguntas

What’s her name? Kate Bridges


How old is she? 10 años  
Where’s she from? Edimburgo en Escocia  
What nationality is she? Soy Ingles  
What’s her address? 24 Kings Road, Edimburgo
What’s her phone number? Es 0743365

2. Haga preguntas para las siguientes respuestas>


1 what’s your name? My name is John.
2 what is your last name? My surname is Smith.
3 how old are you? I am ten years old.
4 what is your address? My address is 102 King Street.
5 what is your phone number? My telephone number is 02645776. 
6 where are you from? I am from England
7 what nationality are you? I am English

3. Siguiendo el modelo del Instructivo (Emplear información> name, age, marital


status, etc), realice su presentación personal (15) oraciones.
Personal Information Names
Hello, my name is Liliana
Age
I’m 25 years old
I turn years on December 5
Born in the municipality of maripi
Marital Status
I’m single
Family
I have a daughter
It’s called Lina Fernanda
Contact Information
I’m from maripi Boyacá
I live in Bogotá
In Soacha neighborhood san and sidro
My address is kr 77 A # 61 c 32 south
My phone number is 3208609098
Work & Occupation
I work in a supermarket
Free time activities
In my free time I spend it with my daughter and my family
I like music and read

Tema2: YOUR DAILY ROUTINE (Present simple, adverbs of frequency)

Actividades:

Desarrolle el siguiente ejercicio

Lea con atención el siguiente texto y resuelva las preguntas

Tim works for a company in Sacramento, California. He's a customer service representative. He
gets up at six o'clock each workday. He drives to work and begins his job at eight o'clock. He
speaks to people on the telephone to help them with their banking problems. People telephone the
bank to ask questions about their accounts. He doesn't give information about accounts until
people answer a few questions. Tim asks callers their birth date, the last four digits of their social
security number and their address. If a person gives incorrect information, Tim asks him to call
back with the correct information. Tim is polite and friendly with everyone. He has lunch in a park
next to his office. He returns home at five o'clock in the evening. After work, he goes to the gym to
work out. He has dinner at seven o'clock. Tim likes watching TV after dinner. He goes to bed at
eleven o'clock at night

1. Where does Tim Work? Tim Works for a Company in Sacramento, California.
2. What time does He get up? He gets up at six o'clock each workday.
3. How does he get to work? He drives to work and begins his job at eight o'clock.
4. What does he do during the day? He speaks to people on the telephone to help them with
their banking problems.
5. What does he do to check information? Tim asks callers their birth date, the last four digits
of their social security number and their address.
6. Where does He eat lunch? He has lunch in a park next to his office.
7. What time does He return home? He returns home at five o'clock in the evening.
8. What does Tom like doing after dinner? Tim likes watching TV after dinner.
9. What does he do in the evening? He has dinner at seven o'clock. Tim likes watching TV
after dinner. He goes to bed at eleven o'clock at night.
10. What time does He go to bed? He goes to bed at eleven o'clock at night.

Teniendo en cuenta el vocabulario relacionado con el tema, las horas y los adverbios de
frecuencia, escriba su rutina diaria en 15 oraciones. (10 afirmativas, 5 negativas)

Afirmativas

1. I get up every day at seven o’clock


2. I lay the bed
3. I shower
4. I dress up
5. I comb my hair
6. Brush my teeth after eating
7. I have breakfast with coffee
8. Washed the dishes
9. I take the bus to work
10. Return to the house at noon

Negativas

1. I do not get up every day at seven o’clock


2. I do not tend the bed
3. Do not brush my teeth after eating
4. I do not have breakfast with coffee
5. I do not take the bus to work