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## aomework 1 MIE 201 Fall 10

Ca ER 2

{    {

{  



ROBLEM SOLUIONS


2.4      
      !"#\$%"&'% ( )\$

Solution

he electron configurations for the ions are determined using able 2.2.

 From able 2.2, the electron configuration for at atom of phosphorus is 1222263233. In order
to become an ion with a plus five charge, it must lose five electrons²in this case the 3 and 3 electrons. hus,
the electron configuration for a  ion is 122226.
3- From able 2.2, the electron configuration for at atom of phosphorus is 1222263233. In order
to become an ion with a minus three charge, it must acquire three electrons, which in this case will be added to and
fill the 3 subshell. hus, the electron configuration for a 3- ion is 1222263236.
Ni2 From able 2.2, the electron configuration for at atom of nickel is 12222632363 842. In
order to become an ion with a plus two charge, it must lose two electrons²in this case the 4 electrons. hus, the
electron configuration for an Ni2 ion is 12222632363 8.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students
enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. { 
              
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 
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2.6   
  
  *
 )  +  ))%         
   
     %   %     %      %      ,
 

 
 - .cc))))&)&#

 -.cc))))&)&& /)/
c - .c))))&)&& /)// ##)

Solution

(a) he 122226323 electron configuration is that of a halogen because it is one electron deficient
from having a filled  subshell.
(b) he 12222632363 104246 electron configuration is that of an inert gas because of filled 4 and
4 subshells.
(c) he 12222632363 1042464 2 electron configuration is that of a transition metal because of
an incomplete subshell.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students
enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. { 
              
    {  
       
 

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## 2.11 - .0        %   %   

 -. "
 1 
   

Solution

(a) he main differences between the various forms of primary bonding are
2 --there is electrostatic attraction between oppositely charged ions.
  --there is electron sharing between two adjacent atoms such that each atom assumes a
stable electron configuration.
3  --the positively charged ion cores are shielded from one another, and also "glued"
together by the sea of valence electrons.
(b) he auli exclusion principle states that each electron state can hold no more than two electrons,
which must have opposite spins.

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students
enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. { 
              
    {  
       
 

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## 2.13   +  ))%   

               
  !   %  %   

Solution

For silicon, having the valence electron structure 3232, (4 = 4; thus, there are 8 ± (4 = 4 covalent bonds
per atom.
For nitrogen, having the valence electron structure 2223, (4 = ; thus, there are 8 ± (4 = 3 covalent
bonds per atom.
For neon, having the valence electron structure 2226, (5 = 8; thus, there are 8 ± (4 = 0 covalent bonds
per atom, which is what we would expect since neon is an inert gas.

Ca ER 3

##     {{

 {

ROBLEM SOLUIONS


 

## 3.1 2  

  # % 
  
 
  
 

Solution
Lead has an FCC crystal structure (able 3.1). he FCC unit cell volume may be computed from
Equation 3.4 as

## â = 163 2 = (16) (0.17 Ñ 10-9 m)3 ( 2 ) = 1.213 Ñ 10 -28 m3



Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students
enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. { 
              
    {  
       
 
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## 3.2       0 

Solution
he atomic packing factor is defined as the ratio of sphere volume to the total unit cell volume, or

â
{ 
â


Since there are two spheres associated with each unit cell for BCC
´

ù 4ë3  8ë3
â = 2 (sphere volume) = 2   =
  3  3

lso, the unit cell has cubic symmetry, that is â = 3. But depends on  according to Equation 3.3, and
´

ù 4R 3 64 R3
â X  X
  3 3 3
hus,

´
â 8ë R3 /3
{  X  X X 0.68

â 64 R3 /3 3

Excerpts from this work may be reproduced by instructors for distribution on a not-for-profit basis for testing or instructional purposes only to students
enrolled in courses for which the textbook has been adopted. { 
              
    {  
       
 

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