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Test-4-Review Sankalp820 Date-11-07-2020

SECTION – A
(One Options Correct Type)-(+3,-1,0)

This section contains 6 multiple choice questions. Each question has four choices (A), (B),
(C) and (D) out of which ONLY ONE option is correct.

Q1. In a vernier setup, the vernier scale and the main scale are made up of different
metals. On increasing the temperature of the lab by T, it is found that the reading
remains unchanged. Given that 10 VSD = 9 MSD, zero of the vernier matches Nth
nd
main scale division and (N + 2)th MSD coincides with the 2 VSD. Find the ratio of
the coefficient of linear expansion of the main scale (1) and coefficient of expansion
of vernier scale (2) (Ignore the expansion of the measured length on heating)
1.8 1.8 1.8
(A) (B) (C) (D) none
N (N  2) (N  2)

Q2. Figure shows a setup with one meter long E0


potentiometer wire. Current i measured with
the ammeter having marking of 1 mA size.
Resistance of the potentiometer wire R = 100 i A
 known with a tolerance of 5%. x = 35.50 cm
measured using a vernier callipers of least x
count 0.01 cm. Find E along with the
appropriate error value.
G

E
(A) 3.55  0.06 (B) 3.55  0.214 (C) 3.55  0.500 (D) 3.55  0.021

Q3. Least count of vernier callipers is 0.01 cm. When two jaws of the instrument touch
each other the 5th division of the vernier scale and the zero of the vernier scale lies to
the left of the zero of the main scale. Furthermore while measuring the diameter of
the sphere, the zero mark of the vernier scale lies between 2.4 cm and 2.5 cm and
the 6th vernier division coincides with a main scale division. Calculate the sphere’s
diameter.
(A) 2.51 cm (B) 5.12 cm (C) 2.51 mm (D) 5.12 mm

Q4. In the calculation of moment of inertia of a circular body, percentage error in


calculation of mass is 2% and percentage error in calculation of radius is 1%. Choose
the correct statement.
(A) dimension of moment of inertia is [ML]
3
(B) dimension of moment of inertia is [ML ]
(C) percentage error in the calculation of moment of inertia is 4%
(D) percentage error in the calculation of moment of inertia is 3%
Q5. Consider the following statements regarding x–ray production :
(I) Minimum wavelength of photon ejected equals hc/eV, where V is the
potential difference through which target electrons were accelerated.
(II) Energy of X–ray may be accounted as decrease in KE of incident electron on
target
(III) Energy of X–ray may be accounted as energy released during transition of
electrons from higher orbit to lower orbit to fill vacancy in target atom
(IV) X–ray is result of annihilation of mass of incident electron
(A) only I is correct (B) I, II, III are correct
(C) All are correct (D) Only III is correct

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Q6. In the circuit shown in the figure, the ideal ammeter reading for current is taken
(a) with both switches open
(b) with both switches closed.
3
B C
A D
A

S1 S2
2
K
R L

H G F E
3
24 V
The readings are same in the cases. The value of resistance R is
(A) 2 (B) 3 
(C) 4.5  (D) 7.5 

SECTION – 1 (One or More Than One Type) –(+4,-2,0)


This section contains 10 multiple choice type questions. Each question has four choices
(A), (B), (C) and (D). ONE OR MORE THAN ONE of these four option(s) is(are) correct.

Q7. In the figure a uniform, upward electric


field of magnitude E has been set up
between two horizontal plates by
charging the lower plate positively and  d
the upper plate negatively. The plates E
have length L and separation d. An v0
electron is then shot between the plates 
from the left edge of the lower plate. The
L
initial velocity v0 of the electron makes an angle  with the lower plate. Mass of
electron is m, its charge is –e
2eEd
(A) If v 0  , it may strike the upper plate.
m
2eEd
(B) If v 0  , it will not strike the upper plate.
m
(C) If L tan   2d , it may strike the upper plate.
(D) If L tan   d , it will not strike the upper plate.

Q8. Four particles are placed at the four corners of a +Q –Q


square of side ‘d’. The x, y coordinates are
parallel to the sides and the origin is at the centre y
 1 
of the square  k  .
 40 
x

+Q –Q
(A) The electric field due to these four charges at a point P above the centre of the
k  2Qd 
square, at a distance z from its centre is
z3
  î  where z >>>> d
(B) The electric field due to these four charges at a point P above the centre of the
k  2Qd 
square, at a distance z from its centre is
z3
  ĵ  z >>>> d

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 d   d 2Q
(C) Work done in moving a unit point charge from  0, , 0  to  0, 0,  is k .
 2   2 d
 d   d
(D) Work done in moving a unit point charge from  0, , 0 to  0, 0, is 0 .
 2   2 

Q9. In figure, a non-conducting hollow sphere of inner


radius a and outer radius b has (within its thickness)
a positive volume charge density  = A/r, where A is
a constant and r is the distance from the centre of the
shell. In addition, a small ball of charge q is located at +q
that centre. a
q b
(A) If A  , the radial E field within the shell
2a2
will be constant.
q
(B) If A  2 the radial E field within the shell
a
will be constant.
(C) If q = 0, the radial E-field within the shell follows the inverse square law.
(D) If q = 0, but the inner surface of the shell has a uniform positive charge
density of  = 2A, then the radial field within the shell will be constant.

Q10. In the figure, the ideal V1


batteries have emfs V1 = 20
V,V2 = 10V, V3 = 5V, and V4
= 5V, and the resistances
are each 2. V12

V3

V4

I2

I1

(A) The current I1 = 7.5A


(B) The current I2 = 10A
(C) The current through battery V2 = 2.5A
(D) The current through battery V4 = 17.5A

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Q11. Bainbridge’s mass spectrometer, shown
S1
in figure, separates ions having the same
velocity. The ions, after entering through S2
slits, S1 and S2, pass through a velocity
selector composed of an electric field
produced by the charged plates P and P,

and a magnetic field ( B ) perpendicular

to the electric field ( E ) and the ion path. 
Plate P P’ B
The ions that then pass un-deviated
through the crossed and fields enter into
a region where a second magnetic field
r 
 B '
( B ) exists, where they are made to
follow circular paths. A photographic
plate (or a modern detector) registers
their arrival.
q E
(A) For the ions  where r is the radius of the orbit.
m rBB
2rB
(B) The total time of motion of charged particle is .
E
qrBE
(C) Kinetic energy of the ions when they hit the plate is .
2B
2
(D) Angular momentum of the ions in the circular path = qBr .

Q12. The figure shows a potentiometer arrangement. D is the D


driving cell and C is the cell whose emf is to be determined.
AB is the potentiometer wire and G is galvanometer. J is
sliding contact which can touch any point on AB. Which of J
A B
the following are essential conditions for obtaining balance?
(A) The emf of D must be greater than the emf of C. C
(B) Either the positive terminals of both D and C or the
negative terminals of both D and C must be joined to A. G
(C) The positive terminals of D and C must be joined
(D) The resistance of G must be less than resistance of AB.

Q13. A positively charged particle is given an initial velocity v0 î in an infinite region of non-

uniform magnetic field given by B  B0 xkˆ . As the time passes (Given B0 is a positive
constant)
(A) The x-coordinate of the particle will go on increasing continuously.
(B) The y-coordinate of the particle will go on increasing
(C) The velocity of the particle will keep on changing.
(D) The particle will repeatedly pass through its initial position.

Q14. An ammeter has a resistance of 50  and a full scale deflection current of 50 A. It
can be used as a voltmeter or as a higher range ammeter provided that a resistance
is added to it. Choose the correct range and resistance combinations from the
following.
(A) 10 V range with approximately 200 k resistance in series.
(B) 100 V range with approximately 200 k resistance in series.
(C) 1 mA range with 50  resistance in parallel.
(D) 0.1 mA range with 50  resistance in parallel.

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Q15. An unstable radio nuclei X can decay into two stable nuclei Y and Z. A sample
containing only X is taken at t = 0, three graphs loge (Nx ) Vs t, Ny Vs t and Nz Vs t are
drawn as shown below, here Nx, Ny and Nz represents number of nuclei of X, Y and Z
respectively any instant t.
logeNx Ny Nz
a b c


t t t
Choose the correct choise(s) from the following :
b tan 
(A) Decay constant for decay of X into Y is
ea
c tan 
(B) Decay constant for decay of X into Z is
ea
a
(C) Number of nuclei of X at t = 0 is e
1
(D) Half life of nuclei X is .
tan 
Q16. Students I, II and III perform an experiment for measuring the acceleration due to
gravity (g) using the pendulum. The use different lengths of the pendulum and record
time for a different number of oscillations. The observations are shown in the table.
Least count for length = 0.1 cm
Least count for time = 0.1 sec
Student Length of Number of Total time for
pendulum(c oscillations oscillations(
m) s)
I 64.0 8 128.0
II 64.0 4 64.0
III 20.0 4 36.0

Let EI, EII and EIII be the percentage errors in g. Pick correct option(s):
(A) EI = 0 (B) EI is minimum
(C) II = EII (D) EIII is maximum

SECTION – 2 (Matching Type)-( +3,-1,0)


This section contains 2 tables, each having three column and four rows. Based on each
table, there are three questions. Choices for the correct combination of elements from
Column – 1, Column – 2 and Column – 3 are given as option (A), (B), (C) and (D) out of
which one is correct.
Answer 17, 18 and 19 by appropriately matching the information given in the
three columns of the following table.
In figure, a metal sphere with charge q
and radius r is concentric with a larger
metal spherical shell with charge Q and +Q
radius R. the space between the two +q
spheres is filled with a dielectric
(constant = k) r

Insulating
Stand

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Column – 1 Column – 2 Column – 3
Q, Q R, r k
(I) q=Q (i) R = 2r (P) 1
(II) q=–Q (ii) R = 3r (Q) 3
(III) q=0 (iii) R = 4r (R) 5
(IV) q = Q/2 (iv) R>r (S) Any value

Q17. In which case will the electric field be non-zero only between the spheres?
(A) (I) (ii) (S) (B) (II) (iv) (S)
(C) (III) (iv) (R) (D) (IV) (ii) (R)
Q18. In which case will there be no flow of charge when the two spheres are connected by
a conducting wire?
(A) (I) (i) (P) (B) (IV) (iii) (Q)
(C) (II) (iii) (R) (D) (III) (iv) (S)
Q19. In which case will charge of the inner conductor become 0.5 times its initial value
when it is earthed without touching the outer sphere?
(A) (II) (iii) (Q) (B) (I) (ii) (R)
(C) (IV) (ii) (P) (D) (II) (i) (S)

Answer 20, 21 and 22 by appropriately matching the information given in the


three columns of the following table.
Two solenoids of equal length L are placed coaxially inside each other, with their
centres coinciding:
(a) the inner solenoid having a radius a, carrying n1 turns of wire and a current of
i1.
(b) the outer solenoid having a radius b, carrying n2 turns of wire and a current of
i2.
The interior of the solenoids is filled with air. Let a point P be chosen at a distance r
from the axis, and z from the mid point measured along the axis of the
solenoid. The currents i1, i2 are taken positive when they both produce fields
at the centre in the same direction.
Column – 1 Column – 2 Column – 3
st nd
1 Solenoid 2 Solenoid Location of P
(I) i1 = 0 (i) I2 = I/2, n1 = N (P) r = 0, z = 0
(II) i1 = I/2, n1 = N (ii) I2 = 0 (Q) r = 0, z = L/2
(III) i1 = I, n1 = N (iii) I2 = I, n2 = N (R) a < r < b, z = 0
(IV) i1 = 2I, n1 = N (iv) I2 = –I, n2 = N (S) r = 0, z = L/2 – a

Q20. In which case will the magnetic at P be maximum?


(A) (IV) (iii) (P) (B) (II) (iv) (R) (C) (III) (i) (Q) (D) (IV) (ii) (P)

Q21. In which case will the magnetic field at the point P be zero?
(A) (I) (iii) (P) (B) (II) (ii) (Q) (C) (III) (iv) (P) (D) (I) (iv) (S)

Q22. In which case will the magnetic field be minimum in magnitude but non-zero, with
currents in both solenoids?
(A) (III) (ii) (P) (B) (II) (iv) (Q) (C) (I) (iv) (P) (D) (IV) (i) (P)

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Comprehension-I(+3,-1,0)
A small solid cylinder of radius r and mass M slides down a M
smooth hill of height h from rest and gets onto the plank of
mass M lying on the smooth horizontal plane at the base of h
the hill as shown in the figure. Due to friction between the
cylinder and plank, the cylinder slows down and starts rolling M
without friction over the plank. While the cylinder is rolling (without sliding) over the plank,
the velocity of the plank is “v P”, the velocity of centre of mass of the cylinder is “vC”
and angular velocity of the cylinder is “”. The coefficient of friction between the
cylinder and plank is , while gravity (g) is uniform in the space.
[Assume that height of the plank is negligible.]

Now, answer the following questions.

Q23. The velocity of centre of mass of the cylinder after it starts pure rolling is
2gh 3 2gh
(A) (B) 2gh (C) (D) none
4 4 2
Q24. The velocity of centre of mass (v cm) of the plank–cylinder system when the cylinder is
rolling over the plank is
(A) constant and equals to 12 2gh (B) variable with  v cm max  21 2gh
(C) constant and equal to 2gh (D) variable with  v cm max  2gh
Q25. The minimum length of the plank required for pure rolling of the cylinder over the
plank is
h 3h h 3h
(A) (B) (C) (D)
4 8  2
Q26. The fraction of initial mechanical energy that is lost due to friction is
(A) 1/4 (B) 1/16 (C) 3/8 (D) ½

Q27. The net work performed by friction in ground frame and in plank frame
(A) are equal
(B) are unequal but both negative
(C) are positive and negative, respectively
(D) are negative and positive, respectively

Q28. If instead of cylinder a small block of mass M is released from top of the hill with zero
initial velocity, the common velocity of the plank and block (after both begin to move
as one piece) is
3 1 1
(A) 2gh (B) 2gh (C) 2gh (D) 2gh
4 4 2

Comprehension-II(+3,-1,0)

A long horizontal insulating cylinder of radius R and length L is free to rotate about its axis.
Curved surface of the cylinder carries charge Q which is uniformly distributed over it. A string
is wrapped around the cylinder, at the end of which a point like mass m is hung. The mass m
start falling, causing the cylinder to revolve about its axis. Neglect moment of inertia of the
cylinder.

Q29. Torque on the cylinder due to electric field produced by charge on its surface is
40 Q2Rg 0 Q2Rg 0 Q2Rg 0 Q2Rg
(A) (B) (C) (D)
L   Q2    Q2  4L
L 1  0  4L  1  0 
 4Lm   4Lm 

Q30. Acceleration of the point mass m is

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g g4Lm 4g g
(A) 2
(B) (C) 2
(D)
 0 Q  0 QL  0 Q    0 Q2 
4   1   1  
 4 Lm   4 Lm   4Lm 

Q31. Magnetic flux inside the cylinder at moment when its angular velocity is , will be,
 Q R 2  Q R 2  Q R 2 20 QR2
(A) 0 (B) 0 (C) 0 (D)
2L 4L L L

Comprehension-III(+3,-1,0)
Rod AB, BC, CD & DA for a squire loop having current i, mass and P1
length of each rod is m and  respectively, is situated in a uniform
magnetic field B as shown in the figure and it can rotate about axis B
(m, ) (m, )
P1P2, then answers the following questions.
A i i
C B
Q32. Angular acceleration of the square loop at t = 0 (m, ) i i (m, )
Bi 3 Bi Bi 3Bi
(A) (B) (C) (D) D
m 2m 2m m
P2
Q33. Angular velocity when square loop rotated by 30, is
3iB 3iB Bi 3Bi
(A) (B) (C) (D) 2
m 2m m m
Q34. Torque on the loop when it rotate by 60, is
iB 2 iB 2 iB 2
(A) (B) (C) (D) iB2
2 4 8

SECTION – 3 (Single Digit Integer Type)-(+3,-1,0)


This section contains 5 questions. The answer to each question is a Single Digit Integer
ranging from 0 to 9, both inclusive.

Q35. A conducting solid sphere of radius 2R has a positive


charge 3q given to it. A spherical cavity is hollowed
out of the sphere, as shown in figure. The centre of
the cavity is at a distance R/2 from the centre of the
C O
solid sphere, whose radius is R/2. A positive charge q P
is placed at centre of cavity. The total electric field just +q
R/2
outside the sphere at the point P, shown in the figure,
is E1. The electric field of the induced negative charge

(on the inner surface of the cavity) at the same point P is E2. Find the ratio E1/E2 in
magnitude.
Q36. Figure shows two uniformly charged wire 2
segments. The lower segment carries a
charge density of 1  3 C/m and includes a
semicircular arc with radius 5 cm, angle 180°, 1200
and centre point P. The upper segment P
carries current 2 = 1 C/m and includes a
circular arc with radius 4 cm, angle  = 120°,
and the same centre point P. The ratio of the
fields produced by the wire at the centre P is 1
E1 8
which is nearly . Find n
E2 n

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Q37. Figure shows, in cross section, two solid
R R
spheres 1 & 2 with charges q1 & q2
uniformly distributed throughout their 1 P 2
respective volumes. Each has radius R.
R
Point P lies on a line connecting the centres of the spheres, at radial distance from
2
q1 8
the centre of sphere 1. If the electric field at P is zero, then  . Where n is an
q2 n
integer. Find n.

Q38. Two co-axial rings of same radius R = 10 cm are 2A y 1A


Ring - 1
placed parallel to the y-z plane, such that x-axis is 10 cm
10 cm
the axis of the rings. Ring 1 carries a current of 2 x
Amp and ring 2 carries a current of 1 Amp as
shown in the figure. Note that one current is ACW
CW
clockwise, while the other appears to be Ring - 2
z
anticlockwise about their common axis. The d=50 cm
  
 B.dx


separation between the rings is d = 50 cm. Find the magnitude of , where B is
0
the net magnetic field due to both the rings at any point on the x-axis.

Q39. The figure shows a RC circuit with a parallel plate capacitor. -Q0
Before switching on the circuit, plate A of the capacitor was
given a charge –Q0 while plate B had no net charge. A B
Now, at t = 0, the circuit is switched on. How much time a
(in seconds) will elapse before the net charge on plate A R
becomes zero. Take C = 1 F, Q0 = 1 mC, V = 1000 V and
2  106
R= 
n  3 
V

Q40. A satellite is describing a circular orbit around a massive planet of radius R. The
altitude of the satellite above surface of planet is 3R and its speed is v 0. To place the
satellite in an elliptical orbit which will bring it closer to the planet, its velocity is
reduced from v0 to v 0, when  < 1. The smallest permissible value of  if satellite is
2
not to crash on the surface of planet is , find K.
K

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