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# Tecnológico Nacional de México

Ingeniería Civil

## Fundamentos de mecánica de los medios continuos

Grupo F

Docente:
Dr. Francisco Cervantes Navarro.

Integrantes:
Esparza Verdugo Mairely Viridiana.
Oseguera Pulido Citlali Neidin.
Rangel Romero Diana Laura.
Rojas Vaca Daniel Alejandro.
Sepúlveda Murillo Jesús Antonio.

## La Paz, Baja California Sur., a 18 de mayo de 2020.

Resolver la armadura: todos los elementos.

## 4.0000 4.0000 4.0000 4.0000

B D 6.0000

A G F E

P1 = 600 lb
P2 = 400 lb

∑ MA = 0
= - 600lb (8) - 319.99(12) + 240 lb(3) + REY(16)
7919.88
= REY
16

∴ REY = 494.9925 lb

∑ Fy = 0
= RAY -600lb - 319.99 lb + 494.99
∴ RAY = 424.99 lb
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Componentes de AB
ABX = AB Cos (36.87º)
Y
ABY = AB Sen (36.87º) AB

36.87°

∑ Fy = 0 AG X
= 424.99lb – AB Sen (36.87º)
(424.99/Sen (36.87º))= AB RAY=424.99 lb

∴ AB = 708.31lb C

Descomponer BC y BG
BC
BCFY = BC Sen (36.87º)
BCFX = BC Cos (36.87º)
Y
BG
BGFY = BG Sen (53.13º) BC

## BGFX = BG Cos (53.13º) 36.87°

X
53.13°
AB
∑ Fy = 0 BG
53.13°
= 708.31 Sen (36.87º) – BC Sen (36.87) + BG Sen (53.13)
424.48lb = BC (0.6) – BG (0.8)

∑ Fx = 0
= 708.31lb (0.8) – BC (0.8) BG(0.6)
= 566.648lb - BC (0.8) - BG (0.6)
BC (0.8)+BG(0.6) = 566.648 LB

(424.98lb-BC(0.6))/0.8 = -BG
BG = (-425+0.6(BC))/0.8
BG = -531.25 + 0.75 BC
BC (0.8) + (- 531.25 + 0.75 BC)(0.6)
BC (0.8) + (-530.5 BC)(0.6)
BC (0.8) + (-318.75 + 0.45BC) = 566.64lb
BC (0.8) - 318.75 + 0.45BC = 566.64lb
BC (1.25) - 318.75 = 566.64lb
BC (1.25) = 566.64LB + 318.75
BC = (566.648lb + 318.75)/1.25
∴ BC = 708.315lb C

## BC (0.8) + BG(0.6) = 56.64lb

566.652+ BG (0.6)= 566.64lb
BG (0.6) = 566.64lb - 566.65lb
BG = (566.648lb-566.652lb)/0.6
∴ BG = 0
Nota: El elemento no trabaja, en el análisis del nodo G, como el elemento BG≈0 entonces:
∴ GC = 0
∴ AG = 0

Componentes DE
Y
DEX = DE (Cos (36.87))
DEY = DE Sen (36.87) DE

36.87°

∑ Fy = 0 X
= 495 – DE (0.6)
REY= 449.99 lb
495
DE =
0.6

∴ DE = 825lb C

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Descomponer CD y DF
CD
CDFY = CD (0.6)
CDFX = CD (0.8)
ED
FDFY= FD (0.8) Y
FDFX = FD (0.6)
CD

∑ Fy = 0 36.87°

## = 825(0.6) - 319.99lb + FD(0.6) - CD(0.6) 36.87°

X
53.13°
= 495 - 319.99lb + FD(0.6) - CD(0.6)
FD DE=825 lb
= 175 + FD(0.6) - CD(0.6)
- FD(0.8) + CD(0.6) = 175

∑ Fx = 0
= - 240 + CD(0.8) + FD(0.6) - 825(0.8)
= CD(0.8) + FD(0.6) - 900
CD (0.8) + FD(0.6) = 900
CD(0.8) = 900 - FD(0.6)
CD = (900 - FD(0.6))/0.8
CD = 1125 - 0.75FD
- FD(0.8) + (1125 - 0.75FD)0.6 = 175
- FD(0.8) + (675 - 0.45FD) = 175
- FD(0.8) + 675-0.45FD = 175
- FD(1.25) + 675 = 172
- FD = (175 - 675)/1.25
∴ FD = 400lb C

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CD
CD = 1125 - 0.75(400lb)
∴ CD = 825lb C

Descomponer FC
FCY = FC Sen (73.74)
FCX = FC Cos (73.74) FC
Y
FD

∑ Fx = 0 73.74° 53.13°

= - 400(0.8) + FC(0.96)
FE X
= - 320 + FC(0.96)
320/0.96 = FC
∴ FC = 333.33 T

∑ Fx = 0
= + FE - 400lb Cos(53.13lb) - 333.33Cos(73.74)
= + FE - 333.33
∴ FE = 333.33lb T

AB = 708.31 lb C DE = 825 lb C
AG = 0 lb FC = 333.33 lb T
BC = 708.315 lb C FD =400 lb C
BG = 0 lb FE = 333.33 lb T
CD = 825 lb C GC = 0 lb

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Resolver la armadura: todos los elementos.

G F E

4.0000

A B C D

## 600 lb 600 lb 800 lb

4.0000 4.0000 4.0000

∑ MA = 0
= 600lb (4) + 600 (8) + 800 (12) - RGX(4)
= 16800 - RGX(4)
RGX (4) = 16800
RGX = 16800/4
∴ RGX = 4200 lb
∑ Fx = 0
RAX = 420lb
4200 (T) FG
RYG = 0 porque en el nodo G no hay fuerzas en y

∑ Fy = 0
= 0 + RAY – 600 – 600 - 800
∴ RAY = 2000 lb

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Descomponer AF
AFX = AF Cos (45º)
AFY = AF Sen (45°)
Y
AF

∑ Fy = 0 45°
RAX=4200 lb
= 2000 – AF (0.707)
AB X
AF = 2000/0.707
∴ AF = 2828 lb C RAY=2000 lb
AFX=1999.70lb

∑ Fx = 0
= 4200 - 1999.70 - AB
∴ AB = 2200.3 lb C

∴ BF = 600 lb T
∴ BC = 2200.31 lb C
Y
AF

45°
RAX=4200 lb
AB X
RAY=2000 lb

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Descomponer ED
Y
EDY = ED Sen (45°)
EDX = ED Cos (45°)
45°

∑ Fy = 0
CD
X
= - 800 lb + ED Sen(45°)
ED = 800/Sen(45°) 800 lb

∴ ED = 131.37 lb T

EDX = 799.99lb
∴ CD = 800 lb

EF
∴ EF = 800 lb T X
45°

∴ EC = 800 lb C
EC
ED= 1131.37 lb

Descomponer FC
FCY = FC Sen(45°)
Y
FC EC
FCX = FC Cos(45°)
45°
∑ Fy = 0 CD

## = FC Sen(45°) – 600 lb – 800 lb

BC
X
FC Sen (45°) = 1400
FC = 1400/Sen(45°) 600 lb

∴ FC = 1979.89 lb T

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AB = 2200.3 lb C
AF = 2828lb C
BC = 2200.31 lb C
BF = 600 lb T
CD = 800 lb C
EC = 800 lb C
ED = 131.37 lb T
EF = 800 lb T
FC = 1979.89 lb T

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Encontrar la fuerza a tensión o compresión de los elementos cortados Por los ejes S-S y T-T.
9.0000 6.0000 6.0000 9.0000
G F E

6.0000

1200 lb 1600 lb
J
H D
s s
6.0000
t t
K
I C

12.0000

A B

∑ MA = 0
= - 1200 lb(9) + 1600 (21) - RBY(12)
RBY = 22800/12
∴ RBY = 1900 lb

∑ Fy = 0
= 1900 lb – 1200 – 1600 + RAY
= - 900 + RAY
∴ RAY = 900 lb

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Parte de arriba corte S-S

∑ MH = 0
= - 1200 lb(9) + 1600(21) - DC(12)
DC= 22800/12
∴ FDC = 1900 lb

∑ Fy = 0
= - 1200 lb + FHI + 1900 lb – 1600 lb
= FHI – 900 lb
∴ FHI = 900 lb

## Segundo corte T-T

Descomponer IJ
IJY = IJ Sen(45°)
IJX = IJSen(45°)
HI = 900lb

∑ MC = 0
= - 900 (12) – IJ Sen(45°) + 900(12)
= 0 – IJ Sen(45°)
∴ IJ = 0

∑ Fy = 0
= 900 – 900 – 0 – JC Sen(45°) + 1900 - 1900
= 1900 – JC Sen(45°) - 1900
JC Sen(45°) = 1900 - 1900
JC = (1900 - 1900) / Sen (45°)
∴ JC= 0

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Calcular el ángulo
Tan Ꝋ = 6/9
Y
Ꝋ = 33.69°

Descomponer GF

GHX = GH Cos(33.69) X
33.69°
GHY = GH Sen(33.69)

1200 lb GH

∑ Fy = 0
= - 1200 lb + GH Sen(33.69)
1200/Sen(33.69) = GH
∴ GH = 2163.33 lb C

Descomponer HF
HFY = HF Sen (45°)
HFX = HF Cos (45°)
Y
∑ Fy = 0
= 900 lb - 1199.99 lb + HF Sen(45°) HF
GH=2163.33 lb 45°
= - 2099.99 HF Sen(45°)
HF = 2099.90/Sen(45°) HJ X
∴ HF = 424.24 lb T
HI= 900 lb

∑ Fy = 0
= 2163.33 Cos(33.64) + 424.24 Cos(45°) - HJ
∴ HJ = 2100 lb C
∴ JD = 2100 lb C

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GH = 2163.33 lb C
HF = 424.24 lb T
HJ = 2100 lb C
JD = 2100 lb C

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