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I N D E X OF NA M ES

Ahrens, L. H.,70 Clarke,W., 282 Ganoun, H.


Albare'de, F., 247,438 Clayton, D. D.,138, 206 Gast, P.,67,313,318
Aldrich, L.T., 9,35, 282 Clayton, R.,371,372,385, Gaudette, H., 275
Alle'gre, C. J.,35,53,73,74,75,85,89, 386,432 Geiss, J., 298
90, 95, 96, 98,199, 201, 202, 239, Compston,W., 2,79,100, 275 Gerling, E.,195,196,198
242, 244, 248, 260, 271, 287, 289, Condomines, M.,89, 90,323,326 Ghosh, P.,389,392
301,303,305,306,309,310,311, Cornog, R., 282 Goldstein, S.,426
313,315,317,323,336,337,338, Craig, H., 282, 285,359,361,362, Go«pel, C., 200, 201,309
449,467,468,471 363,394,397,399,400 Gourlan, A.,426
Alvarez, L., 282 Curie, M.,19,36 Grand, S.,339
Arndt, N.T.,185 Curie, P.,18,19, 25,188,194 Gru«menfelder, M.,73, 98, 99
Arnold, J. R.,1,126
Aston, F.,1 Damon, P., 288,313 Haberman, R.,438,458
Atkinson, J.,139 Dansgaard,W.,381,395,396, Halliday, A.,53,54, 93, 202
409,419 Hamelin, B.,303,305
Bainbridge, K.T., 2, 9 Dars, R., 96 Hamilton, P. J.,83,185
Bard, E.,121 Darwin, C., 25 Hanson, G.,67,303,304
Barrell, J.,189,190 Davis, G. Harper, C. L.,53,348
Becquerel, H.,18, 25 DeNiro, M.,431,432 Harrison,T. M.,66,350,429
Beltrani, E.,438 DePaolo, D., 234, 236, 237, 259, Hart, S. R.,67,68,181,182, 234,
Ben Othman, D., 239, 271, 272 272, 273, 274 248,305,311,313
Bennett,V. C., 272, 273 Doe, D.,301 Hauri, E.,311
Berger, G.W.,66,67,77,181,182 Duplessy, J. C.,408 Hawkesworth, C., 276
Berner, R.,424,438,451,457 Dupre¤, B.,185,186,302,305,306 Hayden, R. J.,65
Bigeleisen, J.,365,367,382 Hedge, C.,313
Birck, J. L.,35,53 Edmond, J.,425 Heinrich, H.,419
Blichert-Toft, J.,84,103, 247, 248 Eiler, J.,389 Hemming, S.,426
Boato, G.,361,362 Einstein, A.,1 Herzog, R., 9
Bohr, N.,1 Elliot,T.,327 Hirt, B.,35,84
Boltwood, B. B.,188 Emiliani, C.,406,407,408,415 Hofmann, A.,307,313,315,330,
Bottinga,Y.,386 Epstein, S.,362,370,382,385,389, 332,334,335
Bourdon, B.,349 394,397,406,409,411 Hohenberg, C., 92, 93, 205
Bowen, N., 226,401 Ericson, J.,407 Holland, R.,430
Boyet, M.,352 Holmes, A.,189,190,195,197, 296
Bradley, P.,413,416 Farquhar, J., 295,429,430 Honda, M.,126
Bre¤vard, O. Farquhar, R. Houtermans, F., 139, 195,
Broecker,W.,125,143,144,147 Fermi, E.,1 198, 296
Burbidge, J.,139 Fourcade, S.,379 Hoyle, F.,139
Burbidge, M.,139 Fourier, J., 25,456 Hubble, E.,195
Fowler,W.,139 Hurley, P., 253, 265, 266,313
Carlson, R.,352 Hutton, J.,193
Castaing, R., 99 Galer, S.,446
Chaussidon, M.,54 Gamow, G.,139 Inghram, M. G.
Chupka,W., 2,8 Gangarz, A. J.,301 Ito, E.,403
509 Index of names

Jacobsen, S., 53, 237, 249, Merrill, P.W.,139 Severngha, U. S.


260, 438 Meynadier, L., xi Shackleton, N.,408,409,410
James, D.,403 Michard, G.,74,75,183,184 Sharp, R.,411
Jaupart, C.,449 Michard-Vitrac, A.,184 Shukolyukov, A.,53,77,78
Javoy, M.,386,436 Milankovitch, M.,413 Sigmarson, O.
Jeffrey, P.,79 Minster, J. F., 248 Slodzian, G., 99
Jenkins,W., 282 Montelli, R.,339 Sobolev, N.,340
Johnsen, S.,411 Moorbath, S.,183,184, 225 Soddy, F.,18
Joly, J.,194 Moreira, M., 287, 292 Sommerfeld, A.,1
Jordan, E. B., 2, 9 Morgan, J., 228 Srinivasan, G.,53
Jouzel, J.,396,417 Staudacher,T.,133, 291
Nakai, S.,34 Stern, S.,403
Kanber, B. S. Nicolaysen, L.,79 Struh, R. J.
Kelly,W. R.,53 Nielsen, H.,429 Strutt, R. J.,189
Kelvin, Lord, 25,41,193 Nielsen, S. G. Stuiver, M.,121
Kemp, A. I., 274, 276 Nier, A. O., 2,8,35,360,432
Kieser,W. E.,116 Notsu, K.,83 Tatsumoto, M.,36,84,199, 247,
Kleine,T.,346 Nutman, A. P.,184 248, 295,313
Kober, B.,78 Nutti, S.,390 Tauber, H.,394
Ko«ppel,V.,73, 98, 99 Taylor, H.,183, 204, 225,385,398,
Ko«ppen,W.,413 Oeschger, H.,129,131,412,419 401,402,404,432
Koztolanyi, C.,77 Ohmoto, M.,429 Thiemens, M.,371,372,431,
Kulp, L., 288 O’Neil, J.,374,386,387 432,433
Kuroda, P. K.,53, 291 O’Nions, R. K.,124, 234, 237, 239, Thode, H.,370,377,429
Kurz, M., 283,321 260,338,446 Thomson, J. J.,1, 2,8, 25,193
Oxburgh, R., 338 Tilton, G.,73,86,88,313
Labeyrie, L.,390 Tolstikhin, I., 282
Laborde, A., 25 Paneth, F.,126 Treuil, M., 320,332
Lal, D.,112,137,138 Park, M.,370,399 Tudge, A. P.,377,429
Lambert, D. D.,199,310,311,322 Patchett, J.,84, 247, 248 Turcotte, D.,315,317,337,338
Lancelot, J., 98 Patterson, C. C.,198,199,313 Turekian, K. K., 288
Lasaga, A.,369,438,451,457 Peter, H. Turner, G.,76,77,101
Ledent, D., 275 Petit, J. R.,417,420 Turner, S.,323
Lee, D. C.,53, 93, 202 Piggot, C. S.,189
Lee,T. Pineau, F.,432 Urey, H.,365
Lewin, E.,467,468 Price, P.,42
Libby,W.,113,120 van der Hilst, H.,339
Lin,Y.,54,150 Ramsay,W.,41,188
Longinelli, A., 390 Rand, R., 265 Walker, R.,42
Lorius, C.,411 Rayleigh, Lord,189 Wasserburg, G. J., 2,53,74, 90,
Luck, J. M.,35,84, 209,310 Raymo, M.,424,425 91, 205, 234, 237, 260,301,
Ludwig, K. R.,180 Rehka«mper, M. 313,438
Lugmair, G.,35,53,83 Reid, M.,186,187 Wasson, J., 202
Lupton, J., 285 Reynolds, J., 49, 50, 53,76, 92, 291 Wegener, A.,413
Lyell, C., 25,194,314 Richard, P., 234, 237 Wendt, J.,180
Richter, F.,451 Wetherill, G.W.,73,
Manhe's, G.,88, 200 Robert, F.,54,371,372,385,432 82, 285
Marcus, R.,371 Rodhe, H.,438 White,W.,307,315,336
Marti, K.,83,129 Rousseau, D., 260 Williams, I. S.,
Massyrin B. Roy Barman, M.,311 Winkler, H., 226
Mattauch, M., 9 Ruddiman,W.,424,425
Mayeda,T.,362,397 Russell, D., 295,313 Yeo, J. H.,180
Mayer, J.,365 Rutherford, E.,40,188 York, D.,67,77,101,180
McCulloch, M., 260, 269 Rye, D.,429
McKeegan, K. D.,54,150 Zartman, R.,301
McKenzie, D. P., 315,325,468 Sarda, P., 287, 288, 289,344 Zindler, A.,185,313
Merlivat, L.,411 Schilling, J. C., 233,304 Zinner, A.,101
SUBJECT INDEX

 radioactivity, 22, 23, 235 Big Bang,139,150,151, 207, 209 cosmic timescale,155, 200^215
accelerator mass spectrometry biological effects,370^371 cosmochronology, 205^209
(AMS), 9,116^118,133 biotite,32,59,62,63,64,66,67,68, cosmogenic isotopes,105^152, 204
acceptability,171,172 77,82, 94,181,182, 216, 218,389 covariance,164,165,173,177,180
accretion,51,124,199, 200, 203, Bulk Earth,237,240,241, 242,243, cross-section,42,112,126,127,128,
204,341,342,344,345^348, 244, 247, 251, 260, 276,305, 129,142,145,384
352^353,354 323,326,347,350
accuracy, 9^10,159,497 decay
activity,18,19,45,48,49,54^55,57, carbon-14,13, 29,112^126 constants,19, 21, 29,31,32,35,
89, 90,114,115,118,120,122, carbonatite, 98, 232 54^57,69,71,113,145,161,169,
129,139, 207, 209, 213, 277, carbon isotopes,118,119 188, 235, 294, 296,309,348,
291,323,415,423,425,426,451 chemical geodynamics, 450,457,460
AGB star,149 313^341,438 multiple,33^35
age chondrites, 91, 93, 236,346 detritial zircons,78,172,181,
apparent,62,64,66,67,74,76, closed system, 59^61,69,70,76,80, 274^277,353
78, 96,163,171,172,181,182, 81,118,195,196,199, 223, 230, diffusion,14,15,64^67,72,75,76,
201, 214, 218, 292,470 282, 284, 297, 299,306,345, 162,172, 214, 233,368,373,375
of theatmosphere,292,343^345 376^381,404,405 distillation,377^381,394,395,429
of theEarth,25,39,155,193^200, cogenetic,63,70,71,79,81,84,87, double collection mass
207, 210, 296, 299^302,301, 88,89,171,172 spectrometer,359^361,382,
313,345^348 collector,4,5,6,7, 9,100, 281,359 432,433
statistics,172,197 concordant age^discordant dupal,305,306,307,338,436,437
Amitsoq,84,183,184,185,193, 225 age,70 dynamics systems,393,436^472
Antarctica,409,412,415,419^421 concordia,69^75,78,86, 94, 95, 98,
Archean,185^186,192,193, 258, 99,103,172,181,182,184,185, "Nd notation,186, 235^236, 237,
341,430 187, 214, 217, 218 246, 260,351
argon,11, 23,34,35,59,61,63,64, continental crust,193,199, 221, Earth
65,74,76,77,111,129,162,180, 222, 223, 226, 227, 231, 237, core, 289, 299^302,345^348
277, 278, 280, 281, 284, 239, 240, 241, 242, 243, 244, earlyhistoryof,277,291,341^353
288^290, 291,343 247, 248^277, 279, 289, 290, Eldora stock,68,181^183
atom,5,13,108,120,138,139 295,300,301,302,309,310, electron
atomic number (A),1,141,143,146 311,312,313,314,315,318,321, capture radioactivity, 22^23,138
Australia,72,78,79,100,184,185, 322,328,329,330,331,332, multiplied,3,360
186,193, 274^277 334,335,339,341,348,350, erosion rate,132,133,134,137
353,423,436,442,450,451, errors,16,17,18,38,55,57, 94,118,
 radioactivity, 22^23,36,112,142, 466,467 134,161,164,165,166,176,183,
144, 217 continental growth,449 189, 214, 253,311,360,387
basalts,85,133,134,191,198, 218, correlations,78^94,164,165,173, exposure ages,111,112,126^137
220^221, 226, 227^228, 231, 174,177^180,186, 221, 235, extinct radioactivity,49^54, 91,
237, 240, 250, 251, 282, 283, 236^239, 240, 241, 245^247, 138,150, 201, 204, 208, 291,
301,315,318,324,335,340, 248, 286, 287, 292, 293,303, 342,353
430,470,471 304,305,311,312,313,321,336,
belemnite,383,384 337,362,363,377,399,400, fission, 23^25,35,41,42,53,77,109,
beryllium-10, 29,123^125 403,405,409,416,427,470 192, 279, 290, 291, 292
511 Subject index

fission track,41^42,53,192 isotopic fractionation,13,74, MORB (Mid Oceanic Ridge


fluctuation, cyclic,451^458 358^364,367,368,369, Basalts), 222, 227, 228, 229,
foraminifera,407,408,409,410, 370,371,382,385,389, 233, 234, 235, 237, 241, 242,
415,416 432,433 243, 244, 248, 251, 257, 260,
isotopic homogenization, 283, 284, 286, 287, 289, 291,
galactic cosmic radiation (GCR), 13^15, 173 292, 293,302,304,305,307,
110^112 isotopic memory,375^376 314,315,316,323,325,326,333,
garnet,83,85,315,317,340,389 isotopic table 334,335^340,341,348,471
geological timescale,38, muscovite,62,68,82, 216, 218,386,
188^193,314 juvenile water,362,398^400 387,389,434
granites,62,67,69,74,78,86,88,96,
98,155,167,170,180,182,187, komatiites,102,185^186,187, 258, neon,109,149, 227, 278, 280, 281,
214, 220^221, 222, 223, 226, 260,341 284, 285^288, 291, 294,
231, 240, 241, 246, 271, 272, krypton,7, 23,127,144, 277, 278, 312,315
275,329,364 280, 281, 284,312 nitrogen isotopes,428^432
Greenland,183^185,187,190,193, nuclear reaction,49,76,106^107,
196,199, 221, 225,348,349, laser ionization,101,432 108,126,127,140
396,397,409,411,412, lead^lead methods,38^40, nucleosynthesis,12,49,50,51,
419^421 86^89 138^150, 205, 206, 207, 208,
lutetium^hafnium,84 209, 288
Hadean,193 nucleus,1^11,12,18, 21, 22, 23,105,
half-life,19, 21, 23,45,47^48,49,50, major element, 21, 328^335, 106,108,109,111,112,138,139,
53,54, 91,113,133,168^170, 341, 433 141,142
204, 210^213,327 mantle
heat from radioactivity,194 depleted, 242, 244, 252^255, OIB (Oceanic Island Basalts), 227,
helium,40^41,61,139,147,148, 257, 260, 264, 265, 276,301, 228^230, 233, 234, 235, 237,
149,150,188,189, 277, 278, 311,314,323,331,336,350,356, 242, 243, 248, 283, 284, 286,
281, 282^285, 286, 291, 436,450 287, 291, 292, 294,302^303,
312,315 evolution of, 270 304,307,315,323,325,326,
H^H diagram layered,339 328,333,335^340,348,
high-temperature oxygen marble cake model,315 437,471
thermometry,385^389 mass discrimination,10 Oklo natural reactor, 23
Himalayas, 221, 273,424,426, mass-independent fractionation osmium, 2,35,85,309,322,352
427,428 (MIF),371^373,429,432 oxygen isotopes
mass number (Z),1, 2, 22, 24, in igneous processes,400^406
ICPMS, 11, 84, 101, 275, 276, 100,141 in rain,123,394
360, 432 mass spectrometer, 2^11,50, 99,
intracrystalline 100,101,117,133,158, 281, paleoclimatology,385,406^421,438
paleothermometry,389^393 359^361,382 paleothermometer (isotope),
iodine^xenon, 50^53 mean age,63, 249, 250, 275, 294, 382^393
ionium,47 301,312,331,342,345, Phanerozoic,190^192
ion probe, 9, 99^101, 171, 172, 184, 439^443,444,445 polar ice cores,419
275, 276, 432 melting, partial,155, 218, 219, 228, potassium^argon, 35
iron statistical equilibrium,141 230,318,319,320,324,325, power of resolution, 155, 159,
isobars, 2, 9,10, 23,100 326,331,335,340 164, 210
isochron,79,80,82,83^86,87,88, meteorites,49,50,51,91,92,93,127, p-process,146
89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94,153,154, 128,193,198, 200^204,310, Proterozoic,193
155,171,172,181,185, 201, 225, 344,346,347,348,352 protactinium,45
226, 233, 245, 259, 298, 299, mixing, 94^99,111,154, 230, pseudo statistics,153
323,345,351,471 232, 233, 242^247, 292,310,
isotope evolution diagrams, 311,315,316,318,321,325,336, Quaternary,190,192, 209, 210,385,
221^226, 233, 240^242, 381,401,403,425,461, 407,410^421
346,347 467^471
isotopes,1^28, 29^36,105^152, mixing times,425,467^471 radioactive
400^406,421^428 model age, 228^230, 250, 251, 252, chains,36^49,89^90,109,188,
isotopic dilution,15^18,118, 263, 269, 270, 271, 272, 273, 189, 212, 279, 282, 294
169, 233 275, 276, 298,343 dating, 29^57,58,59,189
isotopic exchange,13^18, 94, 232, Moon, 2,10,55^56, 204^205, disequilibrium,75,120,121,192,
233,370,373^374,377 342,353 213,323,412
512 Subject index

radioactivity,1^28,36,37,49^54, samarium^neodymium,35,53 thermal extraction,75^78


59,79, 91, 94,112,116,118, Schilling effect, 233^234, 235, 283, thermo-ionization,78, 281
123^125,137,138,142,143, 287, 288,303,304,336 Thorium,11,44,45,48,57,74,
144,150,188,194, 201, 204, sedimentarycores,412,419,426,427 85,88,89,189, 241, 242, 285,
206, 208, 210, 217, 232, 235, sedimentation, rate of,44,191 297,314,315,322,324,325,
279, 290, 291, 292, 293, 296, SIMS,11 332,341
317,322,341,342,345,348, spallation reactions,109,111,126, TIMS,8,10^11,77,433
353,358,426,447,469 127,146,150 trace element fractionation,433
radiogenic isotopes,31,32,55,58, s-process,142,143,145,146,149,
66,69,78,162,168, 220^355, 150,314,322^328,335 uncertainty,16,153,155,156,157,
360,422 stable isotopes,1,12,13,16,30, 158,161,162,163,164^180,187,
radiogenic systems, equations of, 36,51, 90,105,111,126,129, 191, 200, 207, 210, 211, 215,
460^461 132,140,142,144, 209, 282, 247,313,387
raregases, 9,11,61,111,123,132,188, 358^435 uplift rate,137
214, 277^294,309,314,315, standard deviation,156,157,163, uranium isotopes,71
321,324,338,339,340,436 164,172,317,318,468,469,470 uranium^helium
reservoirs, analysis of,439^443 strontium, 2,5,10,12,35,79,80, uranium^lead,36^38
residence time,125,425,426, 127,141,144,153,156,158,
439^443,444,445,446,447, 220^248, 258, 259, 260, 261, water, cycle of,393^400
451,453,454,456,457,461, 263, 265, 279,313,317,334, water^rock interaction,
469,470,471 340,423^426,453 404^406
rhenium, 2,35,85,309 strontium ^ neodymium, 234^248
rhenium^osmium,85 subduction, 221, 241, 267, 272, 277, xenon, 23,49,50^53, 91, 92,101,
rich systems,34,35,58^59,60,62, 307,310,314,315,317,318,322, 277, 278, 280, 281, 284,
63,64^78,80,171,172 325,326,335,337,339,352,412, 290^292,343,344
ridges, 222, 227, 228, 229, 233, 423,424,426,436,437,442,
234, 267, 283, 288,302,304, 443,444,447,467 zircons,38,59,68,69,76,77,
314,317,328,340,424,427, sulfur isotopes,375,376,428, 78, 94, 95, 99,100,101,
443,447,448 429,430 103,171,172,179,181,182,
r-process,142,144,146,149,314 supernovae,105,111,146,148,149, 183,184,185,187,188,193,
rubidium^Strontium, 35 150, 205, 206, 207, 208 275, 276