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CALCULO DE ESTRIBOS DEL PUENTE

Puente CS3
L = 20.25m
H = 8m
Ancho del tablero = 20.60m

1 1
N = 40 + * L + H = 40 + * 20.5 + 8.50 = 53.63cm = 55cm
4 4

Reacciones de las Vigas

4 vigas

 Reacción por Carga Muerta

Rviga = 37167 kg

37167 * 4
RCM = = 13516kg / m
11
 Reacción por Carga Viva (sin impacto)

2.25 P
RCV = * ( Lc − 2.85)
Lc

Pd = 7258 *1.20 * 1.64 = 14284kg

2.25 * 14284
RCV = * (20.25 − 2.85) = 27615kg / m
20.25

27615 * 4
RCV = = 10042kg / m
11

Características del Suelo

φ = 32°
Zona Sísmica = 3
Ao = 0.3g
Csh = 0.5 Ao Csh = 0.15
Csv = 2/3 Csh Csv = 0.10
γ = 1.8 t/m3
f = 0.5 Factor de fricción

Suponiendo δ = β = i = 0
Ka =
(1 − Senφ ) = 0.307
(1 + Senφ )
Ka = 0.307

 Csh   0.5 * Ao 
θ = arctag   = arctag  
 1 − csv   1 − 1 / 3 Ao 
Si Ao = 0.30 θ = 9.46°

Kas = 0.415

1 1
E = γ * H 2 * Ka E = 1.8* 8 2 * 0.307
2 2

E = 17.68 ton/m
1
∆EDa = γ * H 2 ( Kas − Ka )(1 − Csv )
2

1
∆EDa = 1.8 * 8 2 (0.415 − 0.307)(1 − 0.1)
2

∆EDa = 5.60 ton / m

2 M ESTB = 29.87 ton / m


M ESTB = 5.60 * * 8
3

Fuerza de Frenado o Longitudinal

FL = 0.05 * CV Actuando a 1,83 m sobre el tablero

1 FL = 0.25ton / m
FL = 0.05(0.952 * 20.25 + 8.17) 2 *
11

Viento en la superestructura

0.059 * 20.25 * (1.2 + 1.5) W = 0.29 ton / m


W =
11

Viento sobre la carga viva

0.06 * 20.25 W = 0.11 ton / m


WL =
11
Figura Área(m2) Peso (ton/m) XAn ( m ) MA(ton-m/m )
1 4.48 10.75 2.8 30.10
2 3.12 7.49 2.15 16.10
3 .675 1.62 2.5 4.05
4 .5 1.2 2.57 3.08
5 .09 .22 2.87 .63
6 .05 .12 2.82 .34
7 0.71 1.28 2.50 3.20
8 21.10 37.98 4.135 157.05

∑ P = 60.66t ∑ M = 214.55t − m
∀concreto = 8.92m 3 deconcreto / mlmuro

Centro de gravedad del muro

4.48 * ( 0.4 ) + 3.12 * ( 3.64 ) + 0.675 * ( 2.6 ) + 0.5 * ( 7.1) + 0.09 * ( 6.95) + 0.05 * ( 6.6 )
Ycg MURO =
8.92
Ycg MURO = 2.18 m

Wmuro = 8.92m 3 * 2.4 t = 21.41t


m3

Diferentes tipos de casos:

• Caso A:

Relleno compactado detrás del fuste.

K 0 = 1 − Senφ = 1 − Sen32 = 0.47


1
E = * 1.8 * 8 2 * 0.47 = 27.07
2
1
Z = * 8 = 2.67
3
Mv = 27.07 * 2.67 = 72.19t − m
µ = tgφ = tg 32 = 0.66
µ = 0.5 Para ser conservador
Festab Ptotal * µ 60.66 * 0.5
F .Sdesl = = = = 1.12
Fdesl E 27.07

F .Sdesl ≥ 1.5 No cumple

Festab Ptotal * µ 60.66 * 0.66


F .Sdesl = = = = 1.49 ≅ 1.5
Fdesl E 27.07
F .Sdesl ≥ 1.5 OK

Factor de seguridad al volcamiento:

Mestab 214.55
F .Svolc = = = 2.97 ≥ 1.5
Mvolcantes 72.19

Fuerzas sobre el terreno

214.55 − 72.19
a= = 2.35
60.66
P
σ max = (4 L − 6a)
L2 60.66
σ max = (4 * 5.6 − 6 * 2.35) σ max = 16.05ton / m
5.6 2

P
σ min = (6a − 2 L)
L2 60.66
σ min = (6 * 2.35 − 2 * 5.6) σ min = 5.61 ton / m
5.6 2

Los esfuerzos máximos y mínimos no superan al admisible ( σ adm = 20t / m ), el muro


2

es estable.

• Caso B:

Estribo Cargado

GRUPO I

GRUPO (I) = D, L, CF, E, B, ST

B=Flotación
D=Muerta

L=Viva

CF=Fuerza centrifuga (curva)

E=Empuje

ST=Flujo de agua (corriente)

214.55 + (13.52 + 10.04) * (1.87 + 0.25)


F .Svolc = = 7.48 F .Svolc = 7.48 > 1.5
17.68 * 2

(60.66 + 13.52 + 10.04)0.5 F .Sdesl = 2.38 ≥ 1.5


F .Sdesl = = 2.38
17.68

Fuerza sobre el terreno:

214.55 + (13.52 + 10.04 ) * 2.12 − 17.68 * 2


a= = 2.72
60.66 + 13.52 + 10.04

P
σ max = (4 L − 6a)
L2

σ max = (4 * 5.6 − 6 * 2.72)


( 60.66 + 13.52 + 10.04) σ max = 16.33 ton / m ≤ 20
5.6 2

P
σ min = (6a − 2 L)
L2

σ min = (6 * 2.72 − 2 * 5.6)


( 60.66 + 13.52 + 10.04) σ min = 13.75 ton / m ≤ 20
5.6 2

GRUPO II
GRUPO (II) = D + E + B + SF + W

214.55 + 13.52 * 2.12


F .Svolc = = 6.27
17.68 * 2 + 0.29 * 8 + 0.11 * 9.83

F .Svolc = 6.27 > 1.5

(60.66 + 13.52) * 0.5


F .Sdesl = = 2.05
17.68 + 0.29 + 0.11

F .Sdesl = 2.05 ≥ 1.5

Fuerza sobre el terreno:

(214.55 + 13.52 * 2.12) − (17.68 * 2 + 0.29 * 8 + 0.11 * 9.83)


a= = 2.76
60.66 + 13.52

60.66 + 13.52
P σ max = (4 * 5.6 − 6 * 2.76) = 13.81ton / m
σ max = ( 4 L − 6a ) 2 5.6 2
L

σ max = 13.81 ≤ 1.25 * 20

60.66 + 13.52
P σ max = (6 * 2.76 − 2 * 5.6) = 12.68ton / m
σ min = (6a − 2 L ) 2 5.6 2
L

σ max = 12.68 ≤ 1.25 * 20

GRUPO III

GRUPO (III) = D, L, E, 0.3W, WL, LF

214.55 + 13.52 * 2.12 + 10.04 * 2.12


F .Svolc = = 6.68 ≥ 1.5
17.68 * 2 + 0.29 * 8 * 0.3 + 0.11 * 9.83 + 0.25 * 9.83

(60.66 + 13.52 + 10.04) * 0.5


F .Sdesl = = 2.32 ≥ 1.5
17.68 + 0.3 * 0.29 + 0.11 + 0.25

Fuerza sobre el terreno:


214.55 + 13.52 * 2.12 + 10.04 * 2.12 − (17.68 * 2 + 0.29 * 8 * 0.3 + 0.11 * 9.83 + 0.25 * 9.83)
a=
60.66 + 13.52 + 10.04

a = 2.67 m

P
σ max = (4 L − 6a)
L2 60.66 + 13.52 + 10.04
σ max = (4 * 5.6 − 6 * 2.67)
5.6 2

σ max = 17.13 ton / m ≤ 1.25 * 20

60.66 + 13.52 + 10.04


P σ min = (6 * 2.67 − 2 * 5.6)
σ min = (6 a − 2 L ) 2 5.6 2
L

σ max = 12.94 ton / m ≤ 1.25 * 20

GRUPO VII

GRUPO VII: D, E, SF, EQ

Wse = 159674 Kg
Sse = 159674 * 0.15 = 23951

23.951 = 2.34
10.25

Wmuro = 8.92m 3 * 2.4 t = 21.41t


m3
Smuro = 21.4 * 0.15 = 3.21

1. Sin el sismo vertical

(60.66 + 13.52) * 0.5


F .Sdesl = = 1.30 ≤ 1.5
17.68 + 5.60 + 3.21 + 2.34

214.55 + 13.52 * 2.12


F .Svolc = = 3.18 ≥ 1.5
17.68 * 2 + 5.60 * 4 + 3.21 * 2.18 + 2.34 * 5
a=
( 214.55 + 13.52 * 2.12) − (17.68 + 5.60 * 4 + 3.21 * 2.18 + 2.34 * 5) = 2.48
60.66 + 13.52

60.66 + 13.52
σ max = ( 4 * 5.6 − 6 * 2.48) = 17.79 ≤ 1.33 * 20
5.6 2
60.66 + 13.52
σ min = ( 6 * 2.48 − 2 * 5.6) = 8.70 ≤ 1.33 * 20
5.6 2

1
b = 2.48 ⇒ b = 7.44
3
b * σ max
∑V =
2
∑ V = 60.66 + 13.52 = 74.18
7.44 * σ max
74.18 =
2
σ max = 19.94

NOTA

1.30<1.5 ⇒ Para aumentar el factor de seguridad de deslizamiento, es necesario colocar un


dentellon.

1 1
Kp = = = 3.26
Ka 0.307

El empuje pasivo

1 1
* Kp * H 2 * γ = * 3.26 * 1.8 * ( 0.8 + hD )
2
Ep =
2 2

60.66 + 13.52
F .Sdesl = = 1.15 * 1.5
17.68 + 5.60 + 3.21 + 2.34 − 2.93( 0.8 + hD )
2

hD = −3.94
hD = 0.5m
Acero de Puntera:

19.94 Y
= 1 ⇒ Y1 = 15.88t / m
5.60 4.46
19.94 Y
= 2 ⇒ Y2 = 13.28t / m
5.60 3.73
1.14
V = 0.8 * 1.14 * 2400 − (19940 + 15880) * = 18229 Kg − m
2
Vu = 1.3 * 18229 = 23698Kg − m
Vr = 0.85 * 0.53 * 240 *100 * 73 = 50947 ≥ 23698

 6660 * 1.87 2 
M = 0.8 *1.87 * 2400 * 0.94 − 13280 * 1.87 * 0.94 + * 1.87  = 27731Kg − m
 2 3 
Mu 1.3
= * 27731 = 40057 Kg − m
φ 0 .9
Acero

Mu = 40057 Kg − m
b = 100
d = 73
As = 13.71cm2
f ′c = 240 Kg / cm 2
Fy = 4200 Kg / cm 2

14 14
As min = *b * d = * 100 * 73 = 24.33cm
Fy 4200
1.33 Ascal = 1.33 *13.31 = 17.70cm 2 ⇒ φ 3 / 4" c / 16cm / m

Acero de retracción y Temperatura:


Asrt = 0.002 * b * t = 0.002 * 100 * 80 = 16cm 2 ⇒ φ 3 / 4" c / 17cm / m

Acero de Talón:
19.94 Y
= 1 ⇒ Y1 = 10.43
5.6 2.93
10.43 Y
= 2 ⇒ Y2 = 7.83
2.93 2.20

2.2 * 7830
V = 7.2 * 2.2 * 1800 + 2400 * 0.8 * 2.2 − = 24123
2
Vu = 1.3 * 24123 = 31360 Kg − m
Vr = 50947 ≥ Vu
10430 * 2.93 1
M = 7.2 * 2.93 *1800 * 1.47 + 2.93 * 0.8 * 2400 * 1.47 − * 2.93
2 3
M = 49166.23Kg − m
1.3
Mu = * 49166.23 = 71018 Kg − m
0.9

Mu = 71018Kg − m
b = 100
d = 73 As = 23.97cm2
f ′c = 240 Kg / cm 2

Fy = 4200 Kg / cm 2
Asmin = 24.33cm2

1.33Ascal = 1.33*23.97 =31.88cm2

Usar As mínimo
Ø3/4” c/11cm/m
Diseño del Fuste:

1 1
Ka * H 2 * γ = * 0.307 * ( 7.2) * 1.8 = 14.32t − m
2
E=
2 2
1
Y = * 7.20 = 2.4
3
Me = 14.32 * 2.4 = 34.37t − m
1 1
∆EA = ( Kas − Ka ) * H 2 * γ = ( 0.415 − 0.307 ) * 7.2 2 * 1.8 = 5.04t − m
2 2
2
Y = 7.20 = 4.8
3
M ∆EA = 5.04 * 4.8 = 24.19t − m
W = 60.66 − 10.75 = 49.91 * 0.15 = 7.4
Mt = 34.37 + 24.19 + 7.49 * 3.60 + 2.34 * 5.67 = 98.79t − m
Mu 1.3
= 98.79 = 1421.7t − m
φ 0.9

Mu = 142700 Kg − m
b = 100
d = 73
As = 50.08cm2 ⇒ φ1" c / 10cm
f ′c = 240 Kg / cm 2
Fy = 4200 Kg / cm 2

Sección a 3.60m
1 1
Ka * H 2 * γ = * 0.307 * ( 3.6 ) * 1.8 = 3.58t − m
2
E=
2 2
1
Y = * 3.60 = 1.2
3
Me = 3.58 *1.2 = 4.30t − m
1 1
∆EA = ( Kas − Ka ) * H 2 * γ = ( 0.415 − 0.307 ) * 3.6 2 * 1.8 = 2.52t − m
2 2
2
Y = 3.6 = 2.4
3
M ∆EA = 2.4 * 2.52 = 6.05t − m
Mt = 4.30 + 6.05 + 3.5 * 2.1 + 2.34 * 2.575 = 23.73t − m
Mu 1.3
= 23.73 = 34.27t − m
φ 0.9

Mu = 34270 Kg − m
b = 100
d = 70.5 As = 11.77cm2
f ′c = 240 Kg / cm 2
Fy = 4200 Kg / cm 2

As min = 23.5cm2

As cal = 1.33*11.77 = 15.65cm2 ⇒ φ1" c / 30cm / m

Asrt = 0.0012 * b * d = 0.0012 * 100 * 70 = 8.4cm 2 Colocar malla

Ø ½” c/15cm

Sección a 1m
1 1
Ka * H 2 * γ = * 0.307 * (1) *1.8 = 0.28t − m
2
E=
2 2
1
Y = * 1 = 0.33
3
Me = 0.28 * 0.33 = 0.09t − m
1 1
∆EA = ( Kas − Ka ) * H 2 * γ = ( 0.415 − 0.307 ) *12 * 1.8 = 0.097t − m
2 2
2
Y = 1 = 0.67
3
M ∆EA = 0.097 * 0.67 = 0.065t − m
Mt = 0.09 + 0.065 + 0.3 * 0.5 *1.8 = 0.43t − m
Mu 1.3
= 0.43 = 0.62t − m
φ 0.9
Atr = 0.0012 * b * d = 0.0012 * 100 * 70 = 8.4cm 2 / m

Mu = 620 Kg − m
b = 100
d = 43 As = 0.34cm2
f ′c = 240 Kg / cm 2
Fy = 4200 Kg / cm 2

Ascal = 1.33 * 0.34 = 0.44cm 2


As min = 14.33cm 2 ⇒ φ1 / 2" c / 9cm / m