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Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje – SENA

Centro de Gestión Administrativa y Fortalecimiento Empresarial – CEGAFE


Bilingüismo para Formación Titulada
Sistema de Gestión Página 1 de 50
de la Calidad WORKSHOP

Nombre del aprendiz: __YENCI YULIET ARCOS RUIZ

Programa de formación: GESTION BANCARIA Y DE ENTIDADES FINANCIERAS

Numero de ficha: 102194

Fecha de entrega: _____________________________________________________________

Firma del aprendiz: _____________________________________________________________

Calificación y observaciones: (parte que realiza el instructor o líder de bilingüismo)


______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________

Estimado Aprendiz:

Para el SENA es muy grato poderle aportar en su proceso de Formación Profesional Integral, por
esta razón se ha preparado esta guía de actividades de refuerzo con el fin de alcanzar los 15
resultados de aprendizaje en el área de Inglés correspondientes a las dos competencias: primera
competencia comprender textos en Inglés de forma escrita y auditiva y segunda competencia
producir textos en Inglés de forma escrita y oral) las cuales están dentro de su Programa de
Formación.

El material contiene la explicación de cada temática y luego hay un ejercicio práctico que usted
debe desarrollar de acuerdo con los temas enunciados. Este primer archivo contiene las
temáticas relacionadas con la primera competencia mencionada anteriormente y sus 7 resultados
de aprendizaje.

Sin más preámbulos, lo invito a dar inicio.


INTRODUCE YOURSELF

Complete la siguiente formación sobre vocabulario y expresiones básicas en Ingles


relacionadas a la presentación personal. (Observe el ejemplo, y haga su presentación
personal).

HI, My name is Yenci Yulieth Arcos, I“m from colombia, I´m colombian. was born in 1997
on August , I have got black hair and my eyes are Brown. I have got one sister and one
brother. My old sister is Laura, she is twenty years old and my brother is José, he is
twelve years old.

My favorite subject is computers and in this moment I´m working and study.

______________________________________________________________________________
SUBJECTS PRONOUNS-OBJECT PRONOUNS

Dentro de los pronombres personales, la lengua inglesa distingue entre pronombres en función
de sujeto (subject pronouns) y pronombres en función de objeto (object pronouns).

SUBJECT PRONOUNS
OBJECT PRONOUNS EXAMPLES
Desarrolle el siguiente ejercicio de acuerdo al pronombre sujeto y el objeto sujeto visto
anteriormente.
1. Substitute the underlined words with 3. Choose the suitable word to fill in the
subject pronouns: blanks:

1. Peter and Paul ( ……they…) study French 1. ……she…… is in class with …us……
and German.
Her/ us She/we She/us
2. The cat (……he……) is in the garden.
2. Does ……he…… use a laptop at home?
3. Do Mandy and you (……you……) like golf?
He it him
4. Does your sister (……she……) sing well?
3. These are my mum’s friends. ……she……
5. Dr Swam (……he……) visits his patients usually goes out with them……….
in the morning.
She/ they Her/them She/them
6. Do the students (………they…) do the
homework? 4. Do ……you…… eat pasta? No, I don’t like
…it…
7. You and I (……we……) live in Spain.
we/it you/it you/her
8. Do Sam and Paula (……they……) meet
after school? 5. We don’t talk to Sam. We’re angry with …
him……
9. My mum (……she……) cooks really well.
he him his
10. The supermarket (………) closes at

Substitute the underlined words with object pronouns:

1. Tom comes to the cinema with Paul and I (……us………).


2. Do you play with your children (…their…………) after dinner?
3. Pam takes her dog (…it………) for walks in the morning.
4. Does Sue study with her brother (……him……)?
5. Mr Postman delivers our letters (……us……).
6. I usually meet Pam (……her……) on Friday afternoon.
7. Tom goes to school with his friends (……their…).
8. Does mum feed the baby (……him……)?
9. Can you pass the newspapers (……it……) to I (……me……), please?
10. Do you eat apples (……them……), Tom?
11. Mary send e-mails (……them………) to her boyfriend (……him……).

ADJECTIVES

El adjetivo calificativo es la palabra que acompaña al sustantivo (nombres de cosas), con el


objetivo de calificarlo o expresar características propias de un sustantivo. En el idioma inglés los
adjetivos generalmente están delante de los sustantivos, por ejemplo:

The red book El libro rojo


Yo soy un buen doctor
I am a good doctor
Complete las oraciones con los adjetivos de la lista, algunos de estos son extras..

bad-
1. Susan is the most 12. How ___________ Ronald is! He’s
tempered ______sociable___________ person the most boring person in my
big-headed I’ve ever met. She’s always class.
smiling and telling jokes!
bossy 13. My neighbour is not generous. In
cheerful 2. Ada is very _____polite______. She fact, she is often quite
always says “Please” and “Thank ____rude_______.
clever
you”.
confident 14. Don’t leave money on the table.
3. Patrick is very ___clever__________. Some people are
dishonest ____dishonest_____________.
He always does well in tests.
dull
4. Sandra is so 15. Our new P.E. teacher is very
easy-going ___________unfriendly__________. relaxed and friendly. He’s an
friendly She believes that nobody is better ___friendly______ -
than her. She should be more __generous_tperson!
generous
______modest_________.
helpful 16. Ralph is ________talkative______
5. My cousin Martha often tells me _________ that he will win the
impatient match. He’s trained a lot.
what to do. She’s a bit ___________.
jealous
6. Don’t say unkind things to her 17. Ted is making me crazy. Now he’s
lazy happy and five minutes later
-she’s very
loyal __sensible______________. angry. I can’t stand
mean ___badtempered___________
7. My sister is always very people!
modest ___tidy________. Everything in her
moody room is in the right place. Nothing 18. My cousin Betty never shares her
is ____untidy_______. candies with her friends. She’s so
patient _____selfish_________. Nobody
polite 8. If your homework is difficult, you matters.
can ask Helen. She is always very
quiet __________helpful____ and she’ll 19. We really enjoy parties. We’re
rude explain it to you. very ____________ and
_______ceerful________.
selfish 9. Jim doesn’t do crazy things. He’s
sensible very ______dull________. 20. Luke is very ___quiet________.
Sometimes you don’t know he is
sensitive 10. My aunt is often angry. She’s there.
serious really _______ -____________.
21. My English teacher is always very
shy 11. Get up! Don’t be __________, _______________. She will explain us
sociable Susan! anything if we don’t understand it.
talkative
tidy
unfriendly
untidy
PRESENT SIMPLE

El presente simple habla de: 1) Hábitos. 2) Cosas que son ciertas todo el tiempo o que vemos
como permanentes. Las formas verbales son muy sencillas – sólo se pone una -s en tercera
persona singular. Por lo demás, la conjugación es igual que el infinitivo: I work./ You work. / He
works / She works. / It works. / We work. /They work.

1. He ___rides_______ 2. He _____walks_____ 3. He____plays_____ 4. He


a tricycle. to school. with his pet. _____waters_____the
a. ride a. walks a. playing flower.
b. riding b. walk b. play a. watering
c. rides c. walking c. plays b. waters
c. water

5. He __loves_____ 6. He 7.He ___is___ a hockey 8. He runs in the park.


hiking. ____collects_________ player. a. runs
a. loves seashells. a. am b. running
b. loving a. collects b. is c. run
c. love b. collect c. are
c. collecting

9. He ___helps______ 10. He 11. He 12. He __eats_______


his _____catches_______ ___paints_______ the an
mother. butterflies. bird house. ice cream.
a. helping a. catch a. paints a. eat
b. help b. catching b. painting b. eats
c. helps c. catches c. paint c. eating

13. He 14. He ____has 15. He 16. He


confused. rubber swimming pool. gardening. skiing.
a. feels a. have got a. like a. hates
b. feeling b. has got b. liking b. hate
c. feel c. having got c. likes c. hating

Ahora
17. They lea la to
__go_____ siguiente
18. rutina diaria de Alfred,19.
His mother y desarrolle los ejercicios.
He ___calls_______ 20. He
the park on Sundays. __reads___ his grandparents at six. __waves__________
a. going the newspaper. a. call goodbye.
b. goes a. reads b. calls a. waves
c. go b. read c. calling b. waving
c. reading c. wave

21. He 22. He 23. He ___takes___ a 24. They ___go_____


____studies________ ____cookes________ bath to bed at ten.
before dinner. dinner. before going to bed. a. goes
a. study a. cook a. taking b. going
b. studies b. cooking b. takes c. go
c. studying c. cooks c. take

1. True or False? 2. Match the antonyms.


modern ●old ● enters
1. Alfred is an American boy. ______True________
-
2. He lives in a modern flat. _______false________ fashi
3. He is eleven years old. ______true___________ oned
4. He has got two brothers. ______True_________ older ●yo ● alone
5. Alfred wakes up at eight o’clock. ____False______ unge
6. He walks to school. ________False r
starts ●fini ● end
shes
7. His classes begin at half past eight. ___True____ leaves ●ent ● old-fashioned
8. Alfred and his family have dinner at half past seven. ers
_________________False_____________ begin ●en ● unhappy
d
Answer the following questions.
together ●alo ● younger
ne
1. Where does Alfred live? -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2. What’s his sister’s name? -----His sister”s name is
EMMA----------------------------------------------------------------------------
3. What time does he wake up? ---About half past
seven---------------------------------------------------------------------------
4. Does he have breakfast at home? ----yes, he
does--------------------------------------------------------------------
5. What time does he leave home? –a quarter to
eight------------------------------------------------------------------------
6. Where does he have lunch? ----he has lunch at the school
canteen---------------------------------------------------------------------------
7. When does he return home? He return home at quarter past
five------------------------------------------------------------------------------
8. Does he make homework at school or at home? –He makes homework in his
school--------------------------------------------------------
9. Is he a helpful boy? --------yes , he is a
helpfulboy--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10. What about you? What’s your daily routine like?
I LIVE WITH MY FAMILY IN A HOUSE, I GET UP AT SIX O´CLOCK, I ORDER MY BEDROOM,I
PREPER MY BREAKFAST,I TAKE A SHOWER, I DRESSED,SEVEN PAST FOURTEEN I
LEAVE TO THE OFFICE.
I GO AT HOME AND I HAVE LUNCH ,THEN, I COME BACK TO MY WORK .
AT SEVEN HALF PAST ARRIVED MY HOME, EIGHT O´CLOCK I HAVE DINNER FINALLY I GO
TO BED AT NINE O´CLOCK.

Numbers

Observe la siguiente tabla sobre los numeros, despues complete las oraciones con el numero que
corresponde.

0 / 1 /2 / 3 /4 / 5 / 6 / 7 / 8 / 10 / 11 / 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 24
/ 26 / 28 / 29 / 30 / 31 / 32 / 40 / 50 / 60 / 90 / 100 / 1000
___ the number of Dwarves Snow White thousands___ the number of years in a
lived with millennium

___ the Celsius freezing point __ten_ in Italian is dieci

___ days in April __fourteen_ in Spanish is catorce

forty___ days in a quarantine __twelve__ the number of months in a year

thirty___ the number of letters in the _two__ the number of performers in a duet
alphabet
__thirty one_ days in December
_seven__ an unlucky number
_one__ in French is un
Twenty nine___ days in February, non-leap
year _ninety__ degrees in a right angle

_twenty__ number of toes in a human foot __six_ the number of sides in a hexagon

___ thirty two teeth in the normal human _three__ books in a trilogy
mouth __sixty_ minutes in an hour

__eight_ legs on an octopus

TELLING THE TIME

Asocia el tiempo de la izquierda con la


1. It’s three o’clock. 6 a. 12.25
2. It’s a quarter past eight. 9 b. 8.05
3. It’s ten thirty. 8 c. 11.25
4. It’s five to five. 7 d. 1.58
5. It’s nine tewenty five. 2 e. 8.15
6. It’s twenty-five to eleven. 4 f. 4.55
7. It’s two to two. 10 g. 10.35
8. It’s eleven twenty-five. 5 h. 9. 25
9. It’s five past eight. 3 i. 10.30
10. It’s twelve thirty-five. 1 j. 3.00

Cuál es la hora? Escribalo en numerous.

1. It’s seven thirty - ……7:30…………….. 6. It’s ten past eleven-…10:11………………….


2. It’s five to ten - ………9:50…………….. 7. It’s a quarter to three- …2:45……………
3. It’s one to one - ……12:59………………. 8. It’s four thirty-five - …4-35……………….
4. It’s a quarter past three - …3:15……. 9. It’s twelve o’clock – 12:00…………………….
5. It’s eight forty-five - ……8:45………… 10. It’s two fifty-five. – 2:50……………………..

Dibuje las manecillas del reloj de acuerdo a la hora que le indican.

It’s eleven o’clock. It’s a quarter past six. It’s ten to seven.

VERB TO BE

Utilizamos el verbo to be cuando vamos a usar adjetivos, sustantivos, preposiciones y verbos


agregando ing al final de ellos.

Examples:
Resuelva los siguientes ejercicios teniendo en cuenta las estructuras del verbo TO BE
(AFFRIMATIVE-NEGATIVE- INTERROGATIVE)
Write the Verb to be and Write in the correct Verb to be
change to short form.
1. Cindy ___IS___ my best friend.
1. I 2. Peter and Kate __ARE____
classmates.
3. Johnny _IS______ my brother.
___am___/I”m_______ 4. You _ARE______ a good student.
_ 5. They _ARE_____ in the classroom.
2. you 6. It ___IS___ an apple.
7. Felicia and I ___AM___ sisters.
__ARE____/_AREN”T__ 8. I _AM____ her teacher.
_____ 9. It __IS_____ a book bag.
3. We 10. You __ARE_____ a doctor.

___ARE___/AREN”T___

Re-arrange the sentence.

1. I / not / a teacher. / am _I am not a teacher_


2. She / my mother. / is _she is my mother_
3. The boys / playful. / are _the boys are playful_
4. The girl / in the room. / is __the girl is in theroom_
5. We / not / are / at home. We are not at home_
5. My dad / smart. / is my dad is smart_
6. My mother / a housewife. / is my mother is a house wife
7. She / not / my sister. / is she is not my sister
8. The teacher / angry. / is the teacher is angry
9. The dog / in the kennel. / is ___________________________
Look at the pictures and answer the question

1. Is he a teacher? No, he is not._ ____

2. Is it an elephant? _yes, it is an elephant


3. Is it a pencil? Yes, it is a pencil _
4. Are they twins? Yes, they are twins
5. Is he in the park? No, he is not in the park_
6. Is he a painter? No, he is not painter
7. Is Ricky in the living room? No, he is not
8. Is mom in the kitchen? Yes, is mom in the kitchen
9. Is your dad a postman? No, is your dad a postman
10. Are the books on desk? Yes, are the books on desk
11. Are you Mrs. Perkins? No, are you Mrs. Perkins
12. Is the broom behind the doo No is the broom behind the doo

PLURAL NOUNS
La mayoría de las palabras se pluralizan agregando una "s" al singular, pero veremos que también
hay otras formas.
EXAMPLES:
REGLAS
De acuerdo a las reglas de los sustantivos plurales vistos anteriormente, desarrolle los
ejercicios.

Rewrite the following sentences into plural:


1. There is a child in front of the trees.
… There are a children in front of the trees.
2. I am your best friend.
… they are your best friends
3. There is a pen under the book.
…… There are pens under the book.
4. He has got an orange in his hand.
………… He has got some oranges in his hand.
5. She has got a child.
… She has got a children.… …
6. My neighbor usually buys in these shopping Centres.
Write the plural: Box…
BOXES……………………………
Apple …… .
Apples……………………. Dictionary……
House … DICTIONARIES…………
houses…………………….. ……
Child……… Monkey……………
CHILDREN……………………. MONKEYS…………….
Knife…… Tiger…………
KNIVES……………………… TIGERS……………………
Friend… Church…
FRIENDS………………………. CHURCHES……………………
Fish………… …..
FISHES…………………… Person…
Man………… PERSONS………………………
MEN…………………… ….
Family……… Eye……
FAMILIES…………………. EYES…………………………….
Hamburger……
HAMBURGUERS…………..
Vegetable……………
VEGETABLES……..

ORDEN DE LOS ADJETIVOS

Generalmente se colocan delante del sustantivo.


New computers.
Ordenadores nuevos.

Pero detrás de verbos como " be", "look", "seem", "feel"," appear",


"become", "get" pueden aparecer solos sin acompañar a un sustantivo.
These computers are new.
Estos ordenadores son nuevos.
It is getting cold.
Está haciendo frío.
It looks interesting.
Parece interesante.

Se pueden utilizar más de un adjetivo a la vez, como norma general se suele usar el siguiente
orden:
tama
opinió
ño, eda form col orige mate us sustan
n,
longi d a or n rial o tivo
valor
tud

wonde narr blu Chine


small new glass   vase
rful ow e se

roun gre Spani cotto ba


nice short old towel
d en sh n th

you bla Ameri


pretty tall thin     girl
ng ck can

NOTA: No se suelen usar más de 3 adjetivos en una oración.

DESCRIBING PEOPLE, THINGS AND PLACES

Desarrolle el siguiente ejercicio leyendo la descripción en cada cuadro.


SUSTANTIVOS
Los sustantivos son todas aquellas palabras que empleamos tanto en nuestra lengua materna
como en la segunda lengua para referirnos a personas, animales o lugares, en el caso del inglés
se clasificaran en contables y no contables, y dependiendo directamente de esta clasificación
tendrán determinadas características.

Generalmente durante el proceso de aprendizaje del idioma inglés pueden existir muchas
dificultades al momento de diferenciar y utilizar correctamente los sustantivos contables e
incontables, para ello en esta sección el objetivo principal es:
Conocer y Diferenciar un sustantivo contable e incontable y poder emplearlos correctamente
dentro una oración.

SUSTANTIVOS CONTABLES EN INGLÉS.


Los sustantivos contables son fáciles de reconocer, son cosas que podemos contar, agrupar o
separar, como por ejemplo los libros o books, podemos tener un solo libro, dos o tres, o quizás
un grupo de libros.

Estos sustantivos pueden tener la forma singular y plural, cuando están en su forma plural
generalmente se le añade la s al final. Pero es necesario señalar que no todos los sustantivos
contables siguen esta regla, por tal razón usted encontrara los plurales irregulares más comunes
de los sustantivos en inglés.
Singular inglés Plural inglés Singular español Plural español

Child Children Niño Niños

Man Men Hombre Hombres

Woman Women Mujer Mujeres

Person People Persona Personas

Foot Feet Pie Pies

Tooth Teeth Diente Dientes

Mouse Mice Ratón Ratones

Species Species Especie Especies

Sheep Sheep Oveja Ovejas

Fish Fish Pez Peces

Sustantivos no contables en inglés.


Los sustantivos incontables son sustantivos que no pueden ser contados o antecedidos por un
numero cardinal, puede usted contar la arena en el mar, o las estrellas en el cielo, o podría
ponerle un numero al amor que siente por sus padres o hermanos, la respuesta es no, vamos
identificando poco a poco las características que diferencian a los sustantivos no contables.
Estos sustantivos no tienen una forma plural, se presentan únicamente en su forma singular y
normalmente no se usan con los artículos "a" o "an" (un, una). Y usualmente cuando queremos
indicar su cantidad debemos ubicarlos en un contenedor.

Por ejemplo, no podemos contar sugar (azúcar) solo. Sí podemos contar teaspoons of


sugar (cucharitas de azúcar), cubes of sugar (cubos de azúcar) y cups of sugar (tazas de
azúcar). 
Muchos sustantivos incontables se refieren a sustancias como butter (mantequilla) y water
(agua).
Otros sustantivos incontables se refieren a emociones e ideas como knowledge (conocimiento) y
happiness (felicidad).

A continuación encontrara algunos sustantivos incontables comunes:

Sustancias Emociones/ Ideas coffee sadness


sugar  love (café) (tristeza)
(azúcar) (amor) work time
milk happiness (trabajo) (tiempo)
(leche) (felicidad) sand  hate 
butter power (arena) (odio)
(mantequilla (poder) weather  sorrow
) (clima) (congoja)
water patience  furniture  forgiveness
(agua) (paciencia) (muebles) (perdón)
electricity  advice  food experience
(electricidad) (consejos) (comida) (experiencia)
money grammar homework  peace 
(dinero) (gramática) (tarea) (paz)
news  education  flour anger
(noticias) (educación) (harina) (enojo)

Reglas que guían el uso de los sustantivos incontables

1. Los sustantivos incontables tienen una sola forma

Los sustantivos incontables actúan como sustantivos singulares.


Ejemplos:

Sustantivo incontable: Advice
(consejo) 
Incorrecto:

 I need advices.

Correcto:

 I need advice.  (muebles) 
(Necesito unos consejos.)
Incorrecto:
 I need some advice.
(Necesito unos consejos.)  The room is full of furnitures.
 Sustantivo incontable: Furniture
Correcto:

 The room is full of furniture. Sustantivo incontable: Weather (clima) 


(El cuarto está lleno de muebles.)
Incorrecto:
 The room has a lot of furniture.
(El cuarto tiene muchos muebles.)
 We have had cold weathers this
week.

Correcto:

 We have had a lot of (No hemos tenido un clima muy


cold weather this week. cálido esta semana.)
(Hemos tenida un clima muy frío esta
semana.) Sustantivo incontable: Butter
(mantequilla) 
 We didn’t have much
Incorrecto:
warm weather this week. 
 I put butters on my pancakes.

Correcto:

 I put butter on my pancakes. 
(Pongo manteca en mis panqueques.)

 I put a slice of butter on my pancakes.


(Pongo una tajada de manteca en mis panqueques.

2. Los sustantivos incontables no siguen inmediatamente a A ó AN

Incorrecto:  I eat some sugar on my cereal. 


(Como un poco de azúcar en mi
 I eat a sugar on my cereal. cereal.)

 I eat a spoonful of sugar on my
Correcto:
cereal.
(Como una cucharada de azúcar en
 I eat sugar on my cereal.  mi cereal.)
(Como azúcar en mi cereal.)

Incorrecto:

 You must have an experience to apply for the job.

Correcto:
 You must have experience to apply for the job.
(Debes tener experiencia para postularte para el trabajo.)

 You must have a little experience to apply for the job.


(Debes tener un poco de experiencia para postularte para el trabajo.)

Incorrecto:

 I have a sand in my shoe.

Correcto:

 I have sand in my shoe.
(Tengo arena en mi zapato.)

 I have a bunch of sand in my shoe. 


(Tengo un montón de arena en mi
zapato.)
Puede modificar sustantivos
incontables utilizando una
palabra que especifica
un contenedor o una forma

 handful/handfuls
(manojo/manojos)

 bottle/bottles
(botella/botellas)

 jar/jars
(frasco/frascos)

 packet/packets 
(paquete/paquetes)

 cup/cups
(taza/tazas)

 bowl/bowls 
(bol/boles)

 piece/pieces 
(pieza/piezas)

 bar/bars 
(barra/barras)

 slab/slabs 
(tajada/tajadas)

 cube/cubes
(cubo/cubos)

 game/games
(partido/partidos)

 grain/grains 
(grano/granos)

 barrel/barrels 
(barril/barriles)

Ejemplos:

 handful of grass
(un manojo de pasto)
 bottle of water
(una botella de agua)

 jar of coffee 
(frasco de café)

 cups of tea 
(tazas de té)

 bowls of cheese 
(boles de queso)

 piece of equipment
(una pieza de equipamiento)

 bars of gold and silver


(barras de oro y plata)

 slab of beef
(una tajada de carne)

 cubes of sugar
(cubos de azúcar)
 grains of sand
(granos de arena)

 barrels of wine
(barriles de vino)

Las palabras de contenedor o de forma pueden seguir a adjetivos, números o los artículos
a/an/the.

Ejemplos:

 a handful of grass  a piece of equipment 


(un manojo de pasto) (una pieza de equipamiento)
 the two bottles of water 
(las dos botellas de agua)  twenty bars of gold or silver
 large jars of coffee (veinte barras de oro o plata)
(frascos grandes de café)
 a huge slab of beef
 the packet of salt  (una tajada enorme de carne)
(el paquete de sal)
 some cubes of sugar 
 a warm cup of tea  (algunos cubos de azúcar)
(una taza tibia de té)
 a game of tennis 
 half a bowl of cheese (un partido de tenis)
(medio bol de queso)
 many grains of sand 
(muchos granos de arena)

 three barrels of wine
(tres barriles de vino)

EJERCICIO 1
Encuentre el contenedor adecuado de acuerdo al sustantivo presentado, realice frases siguiendo
el modelo y de acuerdo con las imágenes presentadas. 1. A carton of blackberry juice.

1. juice, 2.meat, 3.chocolate, 4.potatoes, 5.jam, 6.coffee, 7.milk, 8.shampoo, 9.gin,10.cards.

2.A POUND OF MEAT

3.A BAR OF CHOCOLATE

4.A PACKAGE OF POTATOES

5.A JAR OF JAM

6.A CUP OF COFFEE

7. CARTON OF MILK
8. A BOTTLE OF SHAMPOO

9.A BOTTLE OF GIN

10.SOME CARDS

EJERCICIO 2

Con ayuda del siguiente dibujo de una nevera vacía complete de acuerdo con los
elementos que están dentro de su nevera empleando cantidades y contenedores, realice
al menos 20 frases.

1. There is a bunch of green grapes.

2.THERE IS A CARTON OF MILK

3.THERE ARE SOME TOMATOES


HOW MUCH /
HOW MANY 4.THERE ARE FIVE ONIONS

El uso de estas 5.THERE IS MEAT


dos
expresiones es 6. THERE ARE THERE FISH
confuso para la
mayoría de 7. THERE ARE CARROTS
quienes están
8. THERE ARE STRAWBERRIES

9.THERE IS CHEESE
en proceso de aprender una segunda lengua, y depende directamente de la categoría que le
corresponda al sustantivo si es contable o no contable.

How much? How many?


Usado con Usado con
sustantivos no sustantivos
contables contables
¿Cuanto? How much ¿Cuánto ¿Cuántos? How many ¿Cuantos
sugar do you azúcar desea dogs do you perros
want in your en su café? have in your tiene usted
coffee? house? en casa?
¿Cuanta? How much ¿Cuánta ¿Cuántas? How many ¿Cuantas
butter do you mantequilla chairs do you sillas tiene
want in your desea en sus have in the usted en el
pancakes? pancakes? classroom? salón?
Costo, cuanto How much is ¿Cuánto
vale a bus ticket cuesta un
from Tunja to tiquete de bus
Villa de desde Tunja
Leyva? hasta Villa de
Leyva?
EJERCICIO 3

Responda a las siguientes preguntas de acuerdo con su contexto personal y


conocimiento, de no saber la respuesta realice un aproximado en costos.

1. How much is a bus ticket from Tunja to Samacá?FIVE THOUSANS PESOS


2. How much is a notebook? FIFTEEN PESOS
3. How much is a cup of coffee in a coffee shop? ONE THOUSANDS PESOS
4. How much is a carton of milk in the supermarket? TWO THOUSANDS PESOS
5. How many brothers or sisters do you have? I HAVE ONE SISTER AND ONE BROTHER
6. How many lamps are there in your house? THERE ARE TWO LAMPS
7. How many jackets do you have? I HAVE FOUR JACKETS
8. How many friends do you have? I HAVE THREE FRIENDS
9. How many hours during the day do you study English? TWO HOURS
10. How much sugar do you put in your coffee? ONE SPOON
11. How many chairs are there in your living room? FOUR CHAIRS
12. How many glasses of water do you drink? DAILY, THERE GLASSES

Ejercicio 4

Complete los siguientes enunciados empleando How much ó How many dependiendo del
sustantivo presentado.
__________________ money have you got?
______HOW MANY____________books are
there on the table?
_____HOW MUCH_____________sugar do
you want in the coffee?
_____HOW MANY_____________ men are ______HOW MANY____________ oranges
there in the room? are there in the bag?
______HOW MUCH____________ oil do ________HOW MUCH__________salt do
you usually put in the salad? you need?
______HOW MUCH____________butter is
there in the fridge?

Prepositions of place

 Above. Sobre, encima de. ...


 Behind. Detrás. ...
 Below. Por debajo de. ...
 Beside. Al lado de. ...
 Between. Entre, en medio de dos objetos o
personas. ...
 In front of. Delante de, enfrente de.
 Near. Cerca. ...
 Next to. Al lado de
 on - encima de
 under - debajo de
 in – en
 inside – adentro
 outside – afuera
 in front of - en frente de
 among - entre muchos 
 across from - del otro lado (también se dice
"opposite")

Las preposiciones de lugar son todos aquellos elementos que de manera gramatical nos indican la
ubicación de determinado objeto. Con relación al espacio o con relación a otros objetos

Ejercicio 1- Preposiciones de lugar

Haciendo uso de las preposiciones de lugar estudiadas anteriormente, realice 12 frases sobre la
ubicación de los elementos en la habitación de Simón

.
1.THERE IS A LAPTON AND SOCKS ON THE BED
_______________________________________________________________________
2.THER IS A CAP ON THE CHAIR
_______________________________________________________________________
3. THERE IS A TABBLE NEAR THE BED AND THERE IS A HAMBURGER ON THIS
_______________________________________________________________________
4. THERE IS A TELEPHONE, A LAMP ON THE TABLE IN FRONT OF THE
BED._______________________________________________________________________
5.THERE IS A POSTER BEHIND THE RED LAMP
_______________________________________________________________________
6.THERE IS A PIZZA ON THE CARPET
_______________________________________________________________________
7.THEREIS A _DVD UNDER THE
T.V.______________________________________________________________________
8.THERE IS A BALL BETWEEN BED AND TABLE
_______________________________________________________________________
9. THERE IS A CLOCK ON THE
T.V.________________________________________________________________________
10.THERE ARE TWO PILLOWS ON THE BED
_______________________________________________________________________
11THERE IS A WINDOW BEHIND SIMON.
_______________________________________________________________________
12.THERE IS A PAR OF BOOTS BEHIND CHAIR.
_______________________________________________________________________

ACTIVIDAD 1 – LECTURA. Realice la lectura del dialogo que encontrara a continuación.


Resuelva las preguntas que determinaran su nivel de comprensión del texto.

Shop assistant:  Can I help you?


Customer:  Yes, have you got this T-shirt in other colours?
Shop assistant:  We’ve got it in white, black, red and purple. What size do you want?
Customer:  Medium.
Shop assistant:  OK, in medium we’ve got black and red.
Customer:  And in purple?
Shop assistant:  No, just black and red.
Customer:  OK, red. Can I try it on?
Shop assistant:  Yes, of course. The changing rooms are over there.
Shop assistant:  Is it OK?
Customer:  Yes, I’ll take it.
Shop assistant:  That’s £10.95. Would you like to pay by credit card or with cash?
Customer:  Cash please. Here’s twenty.
Shop assistant:  OK, thanks, that’s nine pounds, 5 p change and here’s your receipt.
Customer:  Thanks. Bye.

1. What size T-shirt does the customer want?MEDIUM _______________


2. Does the shop have a medium size purple T-shirt? No, just black and red. _______________
3. What color T-shirt does the customer try on? _RED______________
4. Does the customer buy the red T-shirt? YES,THE CUSTOMER BUY IT _______________
5. How much does it cost? £10.95_______________
6. Does the customer pay by credit card or with cash? _WITH CASH______________

Verbos Modales: Significados, usos y características.

Formas simples y compuestas


Curiosidades del los verbos modales

 Siempre tienen la misma forma, no adoptan terminaciones como “–ed”, ni presentan la forma
“–ing”. Tampoco llevan “s” de 3ª persona del singular. No se construyen en fututo.

• Funcionan como auxiliares porque modifican el significado del verbo principal, así que no
necesitan auxiliares como “do”, “did”.

• Pueden ir delante del sujeto en oraciones interrogativas. "May I come in?”

• No pueden llevar “to” ni delante ni detrás, excepto las formas “ought to” y “used to”

• En las formas negativas añaden “n’t” y “not” después de ellos. Ejemplos: "mustn't" –
“shouldn’t” "needn't".

¿Cuándo usamos los verbos modales?

• Cuando queremos expresar la capacidad o incapacidad, posibilidad o imposibilidad, la


sugerencia, conjetura, suposición, prohibición, permiso, obligación, etc.

Formas simples

Verbos modales – Significado y Uso

 Can: poder, saber

Habilidad-Capacidad o incapacidad: He can speak French very fluently. Permiso: Can I go out for
a moment?

Deducciones negativas: This man can’t be James. James is much younger.

 Could: pasado de can, (podía, podría, pudiera,…) Condicional.

Habilidad-Capacidad o incapacidad: Her mother could cook so well! Posibilidad, duda: I don’t
know what’s in the picture. It could be a rainbow.

Pregunta cortés: Could I use your dictionary?

 May: poder

Posibilidad, imposibilidad: This may be Mary’s car, she said she had parked here. / He may not
arrive on time, ha has just arrived from a trip. Permiso: May I help you with your homework?

 Might: Pasado de may, (podría ser que …)


Posibilidad: John told me you mightn’t come to the party

Duda, suposición: We might have a salary raise next month, but it is not confirmed.

 Shall / will (negativo: won’t): forman el futuro

Predicción, promesa, determinación: You won’t come with us on holidays, you haven’t behaved
well

Para pedir parecer, ofrecer ayuda: Shall I carry the bags for you?

 Should / (ought to): debería

Sugerencia, consejo: “Should I tell her about our problem?” .- “No, I think you shouldn’t, you can’t
rely on her”.

 Would: forma el condicional

Oraciones condicionales: If I went to Paris I would go to the Eiffel Tower.

Preguntas corteses: Would you like a cup of tea?

 Must: Deber, (deber de…para expresar duda) Forma negativa: “mustn’t”

Obligación: You must help your mother in the kitchen Suposición: Linda isn’t coming to school,
she must be sick.

 Used to: solía (solo se refiere al pasado) En forma negativa: “didn’t use to”

Acciones habituales en el pasado: We used to go to the park very often

 Need: Tener que (“necesitar” es el significado como verbo normal) Obligación: “Need I
bring something to the party?” (¿Tengo que…?) Ausencia de obligación: “No, don’t worry,
you needn’t bring anything”

Formas compuestas

La estructura que empleamos para expresar la posibilidad o imposibilidad, conjetura, suposición,


etc. en pasado es la compuesta:

Ejemplos en presente. Aquí empleamos la forma simple, nos va a servir para contrastarla con la
compuesta:

She must be at work, she hasn’t arrived yet

- Debe de estar en el trabajo, no ha llegado aún It might rain tomorrow, it’s very cloudy
- Podría llover mañana, está muy nublado It could be sold out when we get to the shop.
- Podría estar vendido cuando lleguemos a la tienda.

“There is a phone call, I think it’s Mike.” “It can’t be Mike, he told me he was on holidays”
- Hay una llamada, creo que es Miguel. No puede ser Miguel, me dijo que estaba de
vacaciones.

EJERCICIO 1

Es momento de practicar el uso de los verbos modales, resuelva los siguientes ejercicios,
escogiendo la opción correcta, recuerde justificar el porqué de su elección basado en la intención
comunicativa que se quiere expresar. Seleccione la opción correcta con un color diferente a
negro de acuerdo con el verbo modal empleado.

1. You have to/must be more patient with your classmates.


2. You must/ Don’t have to keep my secret.
3. Julio has to/can make friends easily.
4. She may/might get married with her boyfriend next year.
5. Maria should/ought to forgive your friend Juan.
6. Could/Would you remind me when your date with Tania is?
7. That must be/ Ought to be Erika's son, he looks like her.
8. It can't /Musn’t be true that they are getting divorce; they seem the perfect couple!
9. May /might I meet you tonight?
10. You don't have to/needn't invite your acquaintances to your wedding, just your relatives and
close friends.

1. Seleccione el enunciado correcto de los presentados a continuación

1. Do we must / have to bring our own food with us?


2. During the exam, you must not / have not talk.
3. You don't have / must not to come swimming if you don't want to.
4. This is the only key. You don't have to / mustn't lose it!
5. Tomorrow I must / have to go to the dentist.
6. Did Andres have to / must drive all the way to Tunja?

1. realice una lectura del siguiente texto, complete los espacios con Can, can’t o couldn’t
Con la siguiente imagen,
realice enunciados cortos y

recomendaciones para los turistas anglófonos que visitan su ciudad natal.

Escriba un correo electrónico a uno de sus amigos contándole que está permitido, que está prohibido y
que sugerencias generales realizarían durante una festividad o festival típico en su ciudad o municipio
natal
THE POSESIVE S’

The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and
animals. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. To form the
possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an
apostrophe after the s.

EXAMPLES

 the car of John = John's car


 the room of the girls = the girls' room
 clothes for men = men's clothes
 the boat of the sailors = the sailors' boat

For names ending in s, you can either add an apostrophe + s, or just an apostrophe. The first
option is more common. When pronouncing a possessive name, we add the sound /z/ to the end
of the name.

EXAMPLES
 Thomas's book (or Thomas' book)
 James's shop (or James' shop)
 the Smiths's house (or the Smiths' house)

FUNCTIONS OF THE POSSESSIVE


'Belonging to' or 'ownership' is the most common relationship the possessive expresses.

EXAMPLES

 John owns a car. = It is John's car.


 America has some gold reserves. = They are America's gold reserves.

The possessive can also express where someone works, studies or spends time

EXAMPLES

 John goes to this school. = This is John's school.


 John sleeps in this room. = This is John's room.

The possessive can express a relationship between people.

EXAMPLES

 John's mother is running late.


 Mrs Brown's colleague will not be coming to the meeting.

The possessive can express intangible things as well.

EXAMPLES

 John's patience is running out.


 The politician's hypocrisy was deeply shocking.

The family vocabulary


aunt tía

boyfriend novio

brother hermano

brother-in-law cuñado

cousin primo/a
dad pá

daddy papi

daughter hija

daughter-in-law nuera

father padre

father-in-law suegro

girlfriend novia

godfather padrino

godmother madrina

grandad abuelito, "abue"

grandchildren nietos

granddaughter nieta

grandfather abuelo

grandma abuelita, "abue"

grandmother abuela

grandpa abuelito, "abue"

grandparents abuelos

grandson nieto

great-grandfather bisabuelo

great-grandmother bisabuela

husband esposo, marido

mother madre
mother-in-law suegra

mom (US) má

mommy (US) mami

mum (GB) má

mummy (GB) mami

nephew sobrino

niece sobrina

parents padres

sibling hermano/a

sister hermana

sister-in-law cuñada

son hijo

son-in-law yerno

stepdaughter hijastra

stepmother madrastra

stepfather padrastro

stepson hijastro

uncle tío

wife esposa, mujer

Firstborn primogénito
the eldest el/la mayor

the youngest el/la menor

the baby of the family el benjamín de la familia


twins gemelos

adopted adoptado

orphan huérfano/a

EXERCICES

Watch the following video carefully.

Study this family tree and write the correct words:


FAMILY MEMBERS AND POSSESIVE S’

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Oj_BIikipE

1. Susan is Maggie's
niece father
____MOTHER____________.
sister
2. Martin is Tim's
______GRANDFATHER__________.
mother uncle
3. Peter is Mary's _____UNCLE___________.
4. Tim is Ana's ____NEPHEW____________ .
nephew
5. Joan is Maggie's
grandmother
_GRANDMOTHER_______________.
husband
6. Maggie is Tim's ________SISTER_________.
7. Bob is Ana's____HUSBAND_____________.
8. Mary is Maggie's _________________.
cousin parents
9. Mary is Peter's _________________.
10. Peter is Tim's___________________.
grandfather
wife
daughter

son

Think and answer:

1.She is your mother's mother. She is your...


 mother  mother
 aunt  father
 grandmother
 sister 4.He is your mother's son. He is your...
 brother
2.He is your uncle's son. He is your...  sister
 nephew  cousin
 cousin  niece
 twin
 grandson 5.She is your uncle's wife. She is your...
 sister
3.She is your grandma's only daughter.She  granny
is your...  mother
 aunt  aunt
 sister

6.He is your mother's husband. He is your FATHER .


7.He is your brother's son. He is your NEPHEW .
8.Your mother and father are your PARENTS .
9.He is your father's brother. He is your UNCLE .

Subject

The subject usually comes before the verb of a sentence. Sometimes, the subject is more than
one word:

- I am from Venezuela.


- My friends and I are having a great time!
- The time is six o'clock.

SUBJECT PRONOUN
These are the main subject pronouns in English:
I you he she it we you they

Object Pronouns

The object of a sentence comes after the verb. Like subjects, sometimes objects are more than
one word:

- The man is drinking coffee.


- I love pizza and spaghetti!
- I live with Peter and Jeff.
The main object pronouns in English are as follows:

Me you him her it us them

Notice the difference between subject and object pronouns:

EXERCICES

Subject Pronouns and Object Pronouns

Rewrite the sentences using PRONOUNS to replace the underlined words. Follow the
examples.
Examples:

- Peter has a nice bicycle.


He has a nice bicycle

Laura is playing basketball with Roger.

Laura is playing basketball with him.

Patricia has a beautiful cat.

_SHE HAS A BEAUTIFUL CAT


______________________________________________________________

Jimmy likes Katherine.


__JIMMY LIKES HER
_____________________________________________________________

Ms. Johnson always explains the topics to the students.


____ Ms. Johnson always explains the topics THEM
___________________________________________________________

Kevin knows how to fix your computer. _ Kevin knows how to fix IT
____________________________________________________________

Tom and John usually study in my house.


THEYusually study in my house.
_______________________________________________________________

Maureen is going to play with Vivian, Charlotte, and me.


_________ Maureen is going to play with THEM
______________________________________________________

Nancy is studying with Martha.


Nancy is studying with HER
_______________________________________________________________

My friends and I play golf in Ruitoque every weekend.

WE play golf in Ruitoque every weekend.

_______________________________________________________________
The students are talking with Keith and Maria Claudia.
The students are talking with THEM
_______________________________________________________________

I only give special food to my dogs. __ I only give special food to THEM
_____________________________________________________________

Replace the underlined words with the correct personal pronoun (subject, object).
Examples. The boys are speaking to Margaret.

They are speaking her.

1. Mary is washing the car.HE IS WASHING IT


…………………………………………………………..
2. The postman is speaking to Helen. … The postman is speaking to HER
………………………………………………
3. Tom telephoned Mr. Parker yesterday. …… Tom telephoned HIM yesterday.
……………………………………….
4. Please give this letter to my mother. …PLEASE GIVE THIS LETTER TO HER
…………………………………….
5. Please give this letter to my mother ……………………………………………….
6. Bill and John are waiting Samantha and Bob. … THEY are waiting THEM…
………………………………
Choose the correct personal pronoun.
1. She / Him is sitting in the garden
2. The postman gave they / me four letters.
3. My brother will go to the cinema with she / her.
4. The teacher is not speaking to we / us.
5. Margaret telephoned we / us yesterday.
6. Helen will go to the shops with you / he.
7. Mr. Brown will go to his office with she / him.
8. The teacher is speaking to you and I / me.
9. My mother saw Susan and he / you in the Mall.
10. Yesterday Helen went to the cinema but I / her stayed at home.
PAST SIMPLE

The simple past expresses an action in the past taking place once, never, several times. It can
also be used for actions taking place one after another or in the middle of another action.

Form of Simple Past

  Positive Negative Question


no I spoke. I did not Did I speak?
differences speak.

For irregular verbs, use the past form (see list of irregular verbs, 2nd column). For regular verbs,
just add “ed”.

Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ‘ed’

Exceptions in spelling when adding ed Example

after a final e only add d love – loved

final consonant after a short, stressed admit –


vowel admitted
or l as final consonant after a vowel is travel –
doubled travelled

final y after a consonant becomes i hurry – hurried

Use of Simple Past

 action in the past taking place once, never or several times


Example: He visited his parents every weekend.

 actions in the past taking place one after the other


Example: He came in, took off his coat and sat down.

 action in the past taking place in the middle of another action


Example: When I was having breakfast, the phone suddenly rang.

 if sentences type II (If I talked, …)


Example: If I had a lot of money, I would share it with you.

Signal Words of Simple Past

 yesterday, 2 minutes ago, in 1990, the other day, last Friday


 If-Satz Typ II (If I talked, …)
List of Irregular Verbs

Present Simple Past Present Simple Past


Tense Past Participle Tense Past Participle

be was been hurt hurt hurt

become became become keep kept kept

begin began begun know knew known

bleed bled bled learn learnt learnt

break broke broken leave left left

bring brought brought let let let

build built built lie lay lain

burn burnt burnt lose lost lost

buy bought bougth make made made

cast cast cast mean meant meant

catch caught caught meet met met

choose chose chosen pay paid paid

come came come put put put

cost cost cost read read read

cut cut cut ride rode ridden

do did done run ran run

draw drew drawn say said said

dream dreamt dreamt see saw seen

drink drank drunk sell sold sold

drive drove driven send sent sent

eat ate eaten show showed shown

fall fell fallen sing sang sung

feel felt felt sleep slept slept


fight fought fought speak spoke spoken

find found found spell spelt spelt

fly flew flown stand stood stood

forbid forbade forbidden steal stole stolen

forget forgot forgotten swim swam swum

forgive forgave forgiven take took taken


get got got teach taught taught
give gave given tell told told
go went gone think thought thought
grow grew grown throw threw thrown
have had had wake woke waked
hear heard heard wear wore worn
hide hid hidden win won won
hit hit hit write wrote written
hold Held held

List of Regular Verbs

Present Simple Past Present Simple Past Past


Tense Past Participle Tense Participle

accept accepted accepted jump jumped jumped

adore adored adored kill killed killed

agree agreed agreed kiss kissed kissed

answer answered answered laugh laughed laughed

arrest arrested arrested learn learned learned

arrive arrived arrived lie lied lied

ask asked asked like liked liked


believe believed believed listen listened listened

borrow borrowed borrowed live lived lived

brush brushed brushed love loved loved

call called called miss missed missed

change changed changed need needed needed

clean cleaned cleaned open opened opened

close closed closed paint painted painted

cook cooked cooked play played played

copy copied copied pull pulled pulled

dance danced danced push pushed pushed

die died died save saved saved

earn earned earned smoke smoked smoked

enter entered entered stay stayed stayed

explain explained explained stop stopped stopped

finish finished finished study studied studied

follow followed followed talk talked talked

happen happened happened travel traveled traveled

hate hated hated wait waited waited

help helped helped walk walked walked

invite invited invited want wanted wanted

work worked worked

EXERCICES
Fill in the gaps with the right form of the verbs in brackets.

1. Daisy BROUGHT (bring) some chocolates to the birthday party.


2. I HEARD (hear) a new song on the radio.
3. Peter READ (read) three books last week.
4. The Smiths SPOKE (speak) Italian to the waitress.
5. Peter UNDERSTOOD (understand) during the class, but now he doesn't
understand.
6. My mother FORGOT (forget) to buy some milk.
7. Susan HAD (have) a baby in August.
8. We LOST (lose) our keys last Friday.
9. They SWAM (swim) 500m yesterday afternoon.
10. I GAVE (give) my mother a CD for her birthday.
11. At the age of 23, she BECAME (become) a teacher.
12. I KNEW (know) the answer yesterday.
13. Peter TOLD (tell) me that he lived in New York.
14. We LENT (lend) John €200.
15. She DRANK (drink) too much coffee yesterday.
16. The children SLEPT (sleep) in the car.
17. He KEPT (keep) his promise.
18. We CHOSE (choose) the steak for dinner.
19. The film BEGAN (begin) late.
20. They FLOW (fly) to Madrid.
21. We DROVE (drive) to Edinburgh.
22. Mrs. Black TAUGHT (teach) English at the University.
23. They SENT (send) me an e-mail earlier.
24. We LEFT (leave) at 7 a.m..

Complete the gaps with an irregular verb in the past simple tense. Choose from:

be, break, buy, come, drive, eat, feel, find, get, give, go, have, hear, hold,

know, let, lose, make, put, read, ring, run, say, sleep, take, think, tell, write

Note: you will need to use some verbs more than once:

Dear Oséias
I’m writing to tell you about something that happened yesterday. I____GOT______ up at
the usual time – about 10 am –_____TOOK_____ a shower and__HAD________ breakfast. I
_____ATE____ a big bowl of cereal and some toast and watched TV for a while. Then I
____WENT______ into the kitchen where I ____HEARD______ a funny noise. I
_____THOUGHT_____it
___CAME_______ from behind the cooker. I ______GOT____ my tool box and moved the cooker
out of the way.
The noise____WAS______ louder but I couldn’t see anything. I_____RANG_____ my uncle to
ask his advice. He_____SAID_____ that
he____THOUGHT______ it could be a gas leak. When I
_____HEARD_____ this I just panicked! I
____PUT______ the phone down, ____RAN______
outside,__________ in my car and___DROVE_______ to
the local police station. I
__TOLD________ them about my gas leak but the
constable _____LOST_____ his patience with
me. He_____SAID_____ that I should have phoned the
gas company. He__WROTE________ his
report, then____RANG______ the gas company for me.

Then I remembered that my house doesn’t have gas – only


electricity! I___FELT_______ really stupid
and___KNEW_______ that the constable would be angry
with me for wasting his time, so I_____RAN_____ out of
the police station while he______WAS____ still on the phone. I____WENT______ home to try to
find out what the noise______WAS____. On the way I_____BOUGHT_____ a newspaper and
I_______READ___ about an escaped llama that

_____GOT_____ out of the city safari park last Wednesday.

When I_____WENT_____ home I____PUT______ my key in the door, turned


it,____WENT______ inside and straight away_______HEARD___ that funny noise again.
I_____HELD_____ my breath and opened the door slowly. Guess what? I__FOUND________
the llama hiding in my cupboard! I____LET______ him stay and he__SLEPT________ in my
garden last night. The snoring

______WAS____ so loud! This morning I _____TOOK_____ him back to the safari park. They
______WERE____ really pleased to see him again and ____LET______ me a reward of £50!
Hope you are well. Write soon and let me know how you are.

Your friend,
Jason.

Glenna’s dream book – use the right form of the verb to complete the gaps below.

BE MAKE LOOK SMILE WORK FIND HAVE


MOVE WANT TELL GET CREATE DATE BECOME
FOLLOW PARK MARRY PASS RECEIVE SEND CHOOSE

About eight weeks after she __MADE_______ her dream book, Glenna _WAS________ driving
down a California freeway. Suddenly a gorgeous red and white Cadillac _____LOOKED____ her.
She _PASSED________ at the car because it ____WAS_____ a beautiful car. And the driver
____LOOKED_____ at her and ____SMILED_____, and she ______SMILED___ back. He
__FOLLOWED_______ her for the next fifteen miles. He _____PARKED____, she
___PARKED______... and eventually she ____MARRIED_____ him.
After their first date, Jim ___SENT______ Glenna a dozen roses. They ____DATED_____ for two
years, and every Monday morning she __RECEIVED_______ a red rose.

Then she ____FOUND_____ out that Jim _____HAD____ a


hobby. His hobby _WAS________ collecting diamonds.

They _HAD________ the traditional wedding Glenna


____WANTED____, and Jim ____CHOSE_____ their
honeymoon destination – it _WAS______ St John’s Island in
the Caribbean. Then they __MOVED______ into their
beautiful new home.

Glenna didn’t _____TOLD____ Jim about the dream book for


almost a year after they ____GOT_____ married.

Eight months after she ___CREATED______ her dream


book, Glenna ___BECAME______ vice-president of human
resources in the company where she ____WORKED_____ - it
______WAS___ her dream job. This sounds like a fairy tale,
but it’s a true story.

ACCORDING TO THE TEXT ABOVE: Mark the sentences TRUE or FALSE. Correct the false
ones.

a. _T___ She met her future husband in California.


b. _F___ She met him at work.
c. __T__ He gave her roses every day.
d. ___T_ His hobby was collecting diamonds.
e. ___T_ They had a traditional wedding.
f. __F__ They went to Hawaii for their honeymoon.
g. __T__ They moved into a new house.
h. __T__ Glenna told Jim about her dream book before they got married.
i. __F__ She left her job.

a. ________________________________________________
b. _SHE MET WITH HIM WHILE SHE WAS DRIVING
_______________________________________________
c. ________________________________________________
d. ________________________________________________
e. ________________________________________________
f. NO, THEY WENT IN A ISLAND IN THE CARIBBEAN
________________________________________________
g. ________________________________________________
h. ________________________________________________
i. _____NO,SHE DIDN´T___________________________________________

Write a short letter to your best friend talking about the last time you went on holiday taking into
account the following questions:
 When did you go?
 Where did you go?
 Who did you go with?
 How did you travel?
 Where did you stay?
 How long did you stay?
 What did you do there?
 Did you enjoy it?

DEAR

MILLER

HELLO

I WENT IN SAN ANDRES ISLAND