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Why Did I Miss That Hit?

Curve or Push [Deflection] Darrell Paul Martineau

D.P.M. Speed System Guide D.P.M. Hit Zone System

Speed is a very important element in calculating a three

cushion billiard shot. Often a shot hit too hard or too soft
will not score the billiard. The D.P.M. Speed guide sys-
tem is intended to work with the systems shown through-
out the DPM Universal Systems book.
The guide shown gives you the proper speed by: Name;
Number; Total Rails and Lengths of the Table.

1=Extra Light =One Rail =1/2 Length of Table

2=Very Light =Two Rails =1 Length
3=Light =Three Rails =1 1/2 Lengths
4=Light Med. =Four Rails =2 Lengths
5=Medium =Five Rails =2 1/2 Lengths
6=Med. Hard =Six Rails =3 Lengths
7=Hard =Seven Rails =3 1/2 Lengths
8=Very Hard =Eight Rails =4 Lengths
9=Extra Hard =Nine Rails =4 1/2 Lengths
+=Maximum =Nine Plus =5 Lengths

These Speeds can be accomplished by different meth- The “DPM Hit Zone” graph shows a numbering sys-
ods, however, in most cases the harder you want to hit the tem for how much the cue ball hits the object ball. The
shot the longer the bridge and/or follow through will be full circle is the object ball and the curved lines are the cue
needed. ball.
Why Did I Miss That Hit?
Curve or Push [Deflection]

Especially in Carom Billiards where the balls are large and you are for each diamond the cue ball and object ball are apart. This will
cuing all over the place there will be problems with the cue ball not not hold true at M/E and M/LC because the Push is greater in
going in a straight line to the first object ball. Some of these areas. Using the same setups as above here are the changes
the parameters involved (distance between cue ball and object ball, that will occur with these hits:
quantity of spin, shooting above or below cue ball, shot speed, cue M/E
inclination) #5/6 speed Straight no allowance needed
#8/9 speed Push 2 Hits that is 1/2 hits for each diamond the
Please look at the two graphs shown DPM Hit Zone System and two balls are apart.
the DPM Speed System Guide graphs shown. Here is how to put M/LC
them together. #5/6 speed Push one hit that is 1/4 hit for each diamond the
two balls are apart.
First, divide the cue ball with six lines. Take a piece of paper and #8/9 speed Push two hits that is 1/2 hit per diamond apart.
draw a large circle. Then draw the lines!
As we left off, we were working on corrections needed aiming at
1. These are horizontal lines: One across the Equator one across the object ball to compensate for the Curve and Push [ deflection].
the low quarter ball and one across the high quarter ball. Label So get out the graph you made and start cuing up.
these lines E for equator, UC for upper quarter and LC for lower
quarter. We now move the cuing to R line. First R/UC using the same set
ups as before. The center of the tip is touching the cross made at
2. Next these lines are vertical: One at the middle[ top to bottom] the R/UC line.
one at the quarter ball right and one at the quarter ball left. Label R/UC
these lines M for middle, R for right quarter and L for left quarter. # 5/6 speed Push two hits, that is 1/2 hit per diamond apart.
You now have a cue ball divided into 16 sections. Second, you # 8/9 speed Push three hits, that 3/4 hits per diamond apart.
need a starting point to test the standard results I will give you.
Place the object ball on the foot spot then place the cue ball so the R/E
right edge of it is on the head spot. These two balls are now four #5/6 speed Push three hits, that is 3/4 hits per diamond apart.
diamonds apart. The standard hits you will make on the object #8/9 speed Push four hits, that is 1 hit per diamond apart.
ball will be a #6 hit and a Zero hit [In this example hit the left side
of the object ball ]. If you make a #6 hit on the object ball you R/LC
will create a 8 angle so the object ball will hit the end rail near the #5/6 speed Push three hits, that is 3/4 hits per diamond apart
first diamond on the right side of the end rail. If you make a Zero #8/9 speed Push four hits, that is 1 hit per diamond apart
hit the object ball will go near the first diamond on the side rail.
First shoot this shot with no english until you can get aligned to For another example in R/E and R/LC with #8/9 speed ,if you
making the correct hits and get the results I have shown above. were six diamonds from the object ball you would miss it com-
Now cue the ball so the left side of the tip is on the M line and the pletely on the left side while trying to make a # 6 hit [Half Ball].
middle of the tip is divided by the UC line. Use a normal level cue
, again aiming to make a #6 hit or Zero hit. You can use the left As I am sure you know there is a compensation for PUSH [Deflec-
edge of your cue tip to aim at the left edge of the object ball as a tion]. Elevate your cue butt! You can experiment with this
guide for the #6 hit. Use # 5 or 6 speed and the cue ball will concept. Speed again plays a big role.
CURVE one hit into the object ball and make either a #7 or #1 hit
depending on your origional aim. The object ball will now hit Let say you are only six inches from the object ball and want to
either between the first and second diamond on the bottom rail feather the edge. If you do not elevate you will miss the edge of the
[aiming for a # 6 hit ]or between the first diamond on the side object ball when you have extreme english on the cue ball due to
rail and the corner [ aiming for a Zero Hit]. Now use #8 to 9 push.
speed same cuing. The cue ball will be PUSHED [ deflected ] by
one hit. You will make a #5 hit [ #6 aim ] or miss the object ball All of the above is based on the cue ball being in the open table.
[Zero aim]. Using this high speed and one tip of English you have When the cue ball is on a rail you will get a curve towards the
PUSHED the cue ball one hit to the Left of target. This is 1/4 hit english side due to the down stroke you put on the cue ball so not
Why Did I Miss That Hit?
Curve or Push [Deflection]

to miscue. To make sure the cue ball hits its intended target line, “Secrets of Three Cushion Billiards” he has followed it up with
cue on the R/UC or L/UC and use #7 speed. The push from the the” Doctoral Edition “in 1996 and the “Millennium Digest
cuing position and the speed will guide the cue ball to its target 2 Edition” in 2000. His books have sold in over 25 different
to 6 diamonds away. countries. Since that time Darrell has spent most of his time
instructing in his billiard clinic at home. You can get information
When you are from 2 to 6 diamond from the object ball [ open on the books and lessons at He has
table ] and wish to make the exact hit. Cue so the tip is sitting just had players from several different countries and many States come
below the UC line and the left side of the tip is touching the L for the five plus day clinic. Darrell has created the Billiard Buddy
line or the right side of the tip is touching the R line. Bring your e-mail group to keep billiard enthusiast up to date on the world of
butt hand back to the end of the cue and hit up on the cue ball billiards. To be on the free list just send him a e-mail
with no more than # 6 speed.

Of course there is more to the story but these guide lines should In 1999 Bart Mahoney, Doug Spring, and Darrell started the
help you develop a strong base. World Billiard Instructors Association [WBIA]. Check out their
web site at The site is for pocket, carom, and
If there are further questions please let me know. snooker billiards instruction.

Best wishes Copyright C 1993 Darrell Paul Martineau all rights reserved.

The graphs on the first page are also shown on the USBA site.
Click Instruction “DPM Universal Systems”
All you need is the “DPM Hit Zone System” graph and the DPM
Speed System Guide.

The graphs and charts can also be found in the Sept / October
2000 issue of Carom News.

This is a bi-monthly publication of the United States Billiard

Association. Their dues are only $25.00 per year.
Send for your membership to: Bob Jewett, USBA Secretary , 962
Stony Hill Road, Redwood City, CA 94061.

The graphs are also on pages 14 and 15 of The Secrets of Three

Cushion Billiards 1993 and 12, 13 in The ~ Doctoral ‘ edition

Darrell Paul Martineau has been playing tournament three cushion

billiards since 1962. He took up the game when he was 18 now
40 years later he is still at it. Darrell has won several
3C tournaments in his carrier including 10 at Edgies
Billiards during the last three years. In the 90’s he has qualified
and played in 6 National Championships. In 1999 & 2000 he
came in second in the 3C Senior National tournament promoted
by Walt Harris. Darrell has been giving billiard instruction since
1975 and in 1993 he wrote his first book based on his lesson plan

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