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INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA JAVIERA LONDOÑO SEVILLA

Subject: English
Teacher’s name: Alexis Ferro Bran

NAME: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ Date: _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Group: 9º

GUÍA DE INGLÉS

¡Bienvenido al aprendizaje autodidacta! con esta guía aprenderás el tiempo pasado simple en inglés.
Aquí encontraras todo lo que necesitas para comprender y aplicar el pasado simple. Paso a paso iras
avanzando a través de la explicación gramatical, ejemplos y ejercicios. Tendrás tablas de verbos
regulares e irregulares, links de páginas donde podrás reforzar lo aprendido.

Recomendaciones: Para lograr la competencia, necesitas leer con atención; realizar todas las
actividades y ejercicios de toda la guía e ingresar a los links que están al final de esta guía para volverte
un experto en el tema. ¡Tu puedes ánimo y éxitos!

VERBAL TENSE - SIMPLE PAST Worksheet: # 01

El tiempo Pasado Simple se usa para hablar de acciones terminadas en el pasado. Como hacen referencia a acciones
que ya ocurrieron, siempre deben ir en un contexto pasado, ya sea porque se está contando una historia que ya pasó, o
bien usando complementos de tiempo pasado, como:

PAST IDEA IDEA DE PASADO


Yesterday, yesterday morning Ayer, ayer a la mañana
last night La noche pasada (anoche)
Last week, last weekend la semana pasada, el fin de semana pasado
Last month / Last holidays el mes pasado, las vacaciones pasadas
Last summer, winter, spring … El verano pasado, el invierno pasado, la primavera pasada
Last year el año pasado
in 1970 en 1970
Before 1900 / After 1900 Antes de (el año) 1900 / después de (el año) 1900
A month ago, two weeks ago … Hace un mes, hace dos semanas ...

Comenzaremos con la conjugación del verbo to be. Para la primera y tercera persona (I, He, She, It ) es was, para todas
las demás (you, we, they) es were.

Lee e intenta recordar la conjugación del verbo to be "ser - estar" en pasado en la forma afirmativa.

English Español
TO BE Como verbo SER Como verbo ESTAR
I was Yo era/fui Yo estaba/estuve
You were Tú eras/fuiste - Usted era/fue - singular Tú estabas/estuviste - Usted estaba/estuvo
Ustedes eran / fueron – plural Ustedes estaban / Ustedes estuvieron
He was Él era/fue Él estaba/estuvo
She was Ella era/fue Ella estaba/estuvo
It was Él/Ella (objecto) era/fue Él/Ella (objecto) staba/estuvo
We were Nosotros éramos / Nosotros fuimos Nosotros estábamos
Nosotros estuvimos
They were Ellos/ellas eran/fueron Ellos/ellas estaban/estuvieron
Examples:

I was in Cartagena last year. Sarah and Tom were in Cartagena last year.
Estuve en Cartagena el año pasado. Sarah y Tom estuvieron en Cartagena el año pasado.

Ahora vamos a practicar. Intenta ahora completar las siguientes oraciones con was / were
Complete the sentences with was or were.
1. I _ _ _ _ _ _ happy. 6. We _ _ _ _ _ _ at school.
2. You _ _ _ _ _ _ angry. 7. You _ _ _ _ _ _ at the cinema.
3. She _ _ _ _ _ _ in London last week. 8. They _ _ _ _ _ _ at home.
4. He _ _ _ _ _ _ on holiday. 9. The cat _ _ _ _ _ _ on the roof.
5. It _ _ _ _ _ _ cold. 10. The children _ _ _ _ _ _ in the garden.

Ahora completa las siguientes oraciones que tienen un nivel más avanzado.

1. Last year she _________ 22. 6. Victor and I _________ in Boyacá in 2015
2. Juana _________ in Mexico a year ago. 7. The weather _________ nice yesterday.
3. We _________ in Ecuador with Steven. 8. Orlando _________ in Tolima in 2014.
4. Martha got married when she _________ 35. 9. The banks _________ opened yesterday.
5. Chaplin _________ a famous movie star. 10. You _________ in Colombia a week ago.

¡Ahora ponte a prueba! Piensa cómo dirías estas frases en inglés.

1. Nosotros estuvimos en Paris el mes pasado. _______________________________________________.


2. Helen estuvo en Medellín el año pasado. __________________________________________________.
3. Ellos estuvieron en el parque ayer. _______________________________________________________.
4. Tú estuviste en la escuela esta mañana. ___________________________________________________.
5. El fue un jugador de futbol el año pasado. __________________________________________________.
6. Ella estuvo en el equipo de tenis la semana pasada. __________________________________________.
7. Yo estuve en la playa el verano pasado. ____________________________________________________.
8. John estuvo en cine la noche anterior. _____________________________________________________.
9. Ustedes estuvieron en el colegio el año pasado. _____________________________________________.
10. María estuvo en la fiesta el fin de semana pasado. ___________________________________________.

Muy bien ya eres experto en conjugar el verbo to be en pasado en la forma positiva. Ahora vamos aprender la
Forma Negativa e interrogativa

NEGATIVE -NEGATIVO INTERROGATIVE


Normal Contracted INTERROGATIVO

I was not I wasn't Was I?

You were not You weren't Were you?

He was not He wasn't Was he?

She was not She wasn't Was she?

It was not It wasn't Was It?

We were not We weren't Were we?

They were not They weren’t Were they?


Negative Example:
I was not in Cartagena last year. Sarah and Tom were not in Cartagena last year.
No estuve en Cartagena el año pasado. Sarah y Tom no estuvieron en Cartagena el año pasado.

Ahora vamos a practicar la forma interrogativa. Intenta ahora completar las siguientes oraciones con was / were

1. _______ you at home last night? Yes, it was.


Yes, I was. 4. _______ Martha and you at the party?
2. _______ they hungry this morning? Yes, we were.
Yes, they were. 5. _______ he in Colombia a month ago?
3. _______ Police Partners II a good film? No, he was not

GRAMMAR: Simple Past

Para usar otros verbos en este tiempo, se usa la forma del verbo en pasado simple, que es igual para todas las
personas. La formación del pasado simple depende si el verbo es regular o irregular.

Verbos regulares
En el caso de los verbos regulares, el pasado simple se forma tomando el propio verbo y agregando "ed", o "d" si termina
en vocal. Si termina en "y", se cambia por "ied".

We played tennis for two hours. He arrived late. You studied a lot.
Jugamos tenis por dos horas. Llegó tarde. Estudiaste mucho.

Verbos irregulares
Los verbos irregulares tienen su propia forma del pasado simple y la única manera de aprenderlos es memorizarlos.
Normalmente son los que aparecen en la segunda columna de los listados de verbos irregulares en los diccionarios y
libros de inglés.
Por ejemplo, el pasado del verbo to go (ir) es "went". El pasado de to see (ver) es "saw". El pasado de to take (tomar)
es "took".

La forma del pasado es siempre igual para todas las personas.

We went to London in 2010. We saw the double-decker buses.


Fuimos a Londres en el 2010. Vimos los autobuses de dos pisos.

La forma interrogativa se compone del auxiliar DID seguido de la persona y el verbo en infinitivo. El auxiliar es igual
para todas las personas.
TO GO
Did I go ?
Did You go ?
Did He go ?
Did She go ?
Did It go ?
Did We go ?
Did You go ?
Did They go ?
Para realizar una pregunta se usa la "question word" adelante. (what, when, where, why, whose, how, who, which, how
many, how much … si quieres repasar el significado puedes ingresar a https://bit.ly/33Cagos

Where did you go? When did you go to Bogotá? Why did you go to Bogotá?
¿Dónde fuiste? ¿Cúando fuiste a Bogotá? ¿Por qué fuiste a Bogotá?

La forma negativa se compone de la persona, seguido del auxiliar DID, seguido de NOT y el verbo en infinitivo. En
lenguaje informal, puede usarse la forma contracta didn't.

TO GO
I did not go = I didn't go
You did not go = You didn't go
He did not go = He didn't go
She did not go = She didn't go
It did not go = It didn't go
We did not go = We didn't go
You did not go = You didn't go
They did not go = They didn't go

Presentamos aquí una pequeña lista de algunos verbos irregulares con su pasado simple. Intenta recordarlos!

INFINITIVO PASADO SIMPLE


go (ir) went
have (tener) had
write (escribir) wrote
read (leer) read
draw (dibujar) drew
catch (atrapar) caught
fall (caerse) fell
hear (escuchar) heard
see (ver) saw
say (decir) said
give (dar) gave
know (saber) knew
take (tomar) took

Examples:

You drew a tree. She caught a mouse. She gave him an icecream.
Dibujaste un árbol. Ella atrapó un ratón. Ella le dio un helado.

Review:
TO WALK - caminar

Afirmativa Negativa Interrogativa INTERROGATIVA – QUESTION WORD


I walked I didn't walk Did I walk? Where did I walk?
You walked You didn't walk Did you walk? When did you walk?
He walked He didn't walk Did he walk? Why did he walk?
We walked We didn't walk Did we walk? How many kilometers did we walk?
They walked They didn't walk Did they walk?

EXERCISES
En esta parte podrás aplicar lo aprendido, practicar y comprobar que recuerdas tanto el vocabulario como la gramática de
la lección. Si cometes errores, se recomienda repasar los temas y volver a realizar los ejercicios.
Exercise 1
Completa con la forma pasada (Simple Past) del verbo. Por ejemplo: go - went.

1. go - _ _ _ _ _ 5. see - _ _ _ _ _ 9. look - _ _ _ _ _
2. visit - _ _ _ _ _ 6. recover - _ _ _ _ _ 10. know - _ _ _ _ _ _
3. cook - _ _ _ _ _ 7. invite - _ _ _ _ _
4. catch - _ _ _ _ _ 8. discover - _ _ _ _ _

Exercise 2
Reescribe las siguientes oraciones en su forma negativa. Respeta las mayúsculas, minúsculas y signos de puntuación.
1. The people screamed. The people did not scream.
2. Lisa was very happy. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
3. You went to Paris last year. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
4. Sofia visited her grandmother yesterday. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
5. I was in Hong Kong last month. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
6. John went to the supermarket last week. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
7. Shakespeare wrote a lot of books. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
8. You were at school yesterday. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
9. It was very cold yesterday. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .

Exercise 3
Reescribe las siguientes oraciones en tiempo pasado simple. Respeta las mayúsculas, minúsculas y signos de
puntuación.
1. I go to school in the morning. I went to school in the morning.
2. Diane is very tired. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
3. You are at home. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
4. I have breakfast. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
5. Thomas and Nick play tennis all day. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
6. The plane arrives at half past ten. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
7. I study English at home. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
8. They stay all night in front of the computer. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
9. It is ten past eleven. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .

Exercise 4
Put the verbs into the correct form (simple past). Escriba el verbo en la forma correcta (pasado simple)
1. Last year I (spend) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ my holiday in Ireland.
2. It (be) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ great.
3. I (travel) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ around by car with two friends and we (visit) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ lots of interesting places.
4. In the evenings we usually (go) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to a pub.
5. One night we even (learn) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ some Irish dances.
6. We (be) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ very lucky with the weather.
7. It (not / rain) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ a lot.
8. But we (see) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ some beautiful rainbows.
9. Where (spend / you) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ your last holiday?
Exercise 5: Have a look at James's last week's diary and answer the questions in complete sentences. Put the time
expression at the end of the sentence.
Revisa el diario de James de la semana pasada y responda las preguntas en oraciones completas. Ponga la expresión
de tiempo al final de la oración, tal como lo muestra la respuesta de la pregunta Nº 1.

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

football shopping meeting ring Jane buy flowers concert sailing

cinema tennis English Italian restaurant

1. When was his English course? His English course was on Thursday.
2. When did he go shopping? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
3. When did he buy flowers? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
4. When was his meeting? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
5. When did he play football? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
6. When did he go to the Italian restaurant? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
7. When did he ring Jane? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
8. When did he go to the cinema? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
9. When did he play tennis? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
10. When was the concert? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .
11. When did he go sailing? _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ .

LIST OF VERBS (Basic)


Presentamos aquí una lista de verbos en inglés con traducción al español para nivel básico.
Por cada verbo se incluye:

• el Infinitive (Infinitivo)
• la forma del Simple Past (Pasado Simple, por ejemplo: I arrived yesterday)
• el Past Participle (Participio Pasado, que se utiliza en el tiempo Present Perfect, por ejemplo: I have broken a
glass)
• su traducción al español

Los verbos regulares forman el Simple Past y el Past Participle agregando -ed al infinitivo.
Los verbos irregulares no siguen esta regla y deberás aprenderlos de memoria (se encuentran marcados con i).

Infinitive Simple Past Past Participle Spanish


answer answered answered responder
arrive arrived arrived llegar
ask Asked asked preguntar
be i was / were been ser
borrow borrowed borrowed tomar prestado
break i Broke broken romper
buy i bought bought comprar
catch i caught caught atrapar
clean cleaned cleaned limpiar
climb climbed climbed escalar
collect collected collected coleccionar
come i Came come venir
compose composed composed componer
cook Cooked cooked cocinar
cut i Cut cut cortar
dance danced danced bailar
describe described described describir
discover discovered discovered descubrir
do i Did done hacer
drink i drank drunk beber
drive i drove driven conducir
eat i ate eaten comer
enjoy enjoyed enjoyed disfrutar
fall i fell fallen caer
feel i felt felt sentir
find i found found encontrar
fly i flew flown volar
forget i forgot forgotten olvidar
give i gave given dar
go i went gone ir

LIST OF VERBS (Advanced) Presentamos aquí una lista de verbos en inglés con traducción al español para nivel
intermedio a avanzado.

Infinitive Simple Past Past Participle Spanish


add added added agregar
answer answered answered responder
apologise apologised apologised disculparse
arrest arrested arrested arrestar
arrive arrived arrived Llegar
ask asked asked preguntar
attack attacked attacked atacar
be i was / were been Ser
become i became become convertirse
begin i began begun comenzar
believe believed believed Creer
boil boiled boiled Hervir
book booked booked reservar
borrow borrowed borrowed tomar prestado
break i broke broken romper
bring i brought brought Traer
build i built built construir
buy i bought bought comprar
catch i caught caught atrapar
carry carried carried Llevar
change changed changed cambiar
chop chopped chopped Picar
clean cleaned cleaned limpiar
climb climbed climbed escalar
collect collected collected coleccionar
come i came come Venir
compose composed composed componer
cook cooked cooked cocinar
copy copied copied Copiar
cut i cut cut Cortar
dance danced danced Bailar
describe described described describir
destroy destroyed destroyed Destruir
die died died Morir
discover discovered discovered Descubrir
discuss discussed discussed Discutir
do i did done Hacer
draw i drew drawn Dibujar
dream i dreamt/dreamed dreamt/dreamed Soñar
drink i drank drunk Beber
drive i drove driven Conducir
dye dyed dyed Teñir
eat i ate eaten Comer
enjoy enjoyed enjoyed Disfrutar
explode exploded exploded Explotar
extinguish extinguished extinguished Extinguirse
fall i fell fallen Caer
feed i fed fed Alimentar
feel i felt felt Sentir
fight i fought fought Pelear
find i found found Encontrar
fly i flew flown Volar
forget i forgot forgotten Olvidar
freeze i froze frozen Congelar
fry fried fried Freír
give i gave given Dar
go i went gone Ir
grow i grew grown crecer
happen happened happened Suceder
hate hated hated Odiar
have i had had Tener
hear i heard heard Oír
help helped helped Ayudar
hire hired hired Alquilar
hope hoped hoped Esperar
hunt hunted hunted Cazar
hurt i hurt hurt herir, doler
imagine imagined imagined Imaginar
invent invented invented Inventar
invite invited invited Invitar
jump jumped jumped Saltar
keep i kept kept Guardar
kill killed killed Matar
know i knew known Saber
leave i left left Dejar
lend i lent lent Prestar
lie i lay lain Yacer
lie lied lied Mentir
lift lifted lifted Levantar
like liked liked Gustar
listen listened listened Escuchar
live lived lived Vivir
look looked looked Mirar
lose i lost lost Perder
love loved loved Amar
make i made made Hacer
meet i met met conocer, encontrar
miss missed missed perder, extrañar
offer offered offered Ofrecer
open opened opened Abrir
pack packed packed Empacar
pass passed passed pasar, aprobar
pay i paid paid Pagar
peel peeled peeled Pelar
phone phoned phoned llamar por teléfono
plan planned planned Planificar
play played played Jugar
pour poured poured Verter
prefer preferred preferred Preferir
prepare prepared prepared Preparar
push pushed pushed Empujar
put i put put Poner
rain rained rained Llover
read i read read Leer
reduce reduced reduced Reducir
remember remembered remembered Recordar
rent rented rented alquilar
rescue rescued rescued rescatar
return returned returned volver, devolver
ring i rang rung llamar por teléfono
run i ran run correr
save saved saved ahorrar
say i said said decir
search searched searched buscar
send i sent sent enviar
scream screamed screamed gritar
see i saw seen ver
sell i sold sold vender
shine i shone shone brillar
shoot i shot shot disparar
shut i shut shut cerrar
sing i sang sung cantar
sit i sat sat sentarse
skate skated skated patinar
ski skied skied esquiar
sleep i slept slept dormir
smell smelled smelled oler
snore snored snored roncar
speak i spoke spoken hablar
spend i spent spent gastar
start started started comenzar
stay stayed stayed quedarse
steal i stole stolen robar
stop stopped stopped detener
study studied studied estudiar
survive survived survived sobrevivir
swim i swam swum nadar
take i took taken tomar
talk talked talked hablar
teach i taught taught enseñar
tell i told told decir
thank thanked thanked agradecer
think i thought thought pensar
throw i threw thrown lanzar
touch touched touched tocar
try tried tried intentar
use used used usar
understand i understood understood entender
visit visited visited visitar
wait waited waited esperar
walk walked walked caminar
want wanted wanted querer
warn warned warned advertir
wash washed washed lavar
watch watched watched mirar
wear i wore worn llevar puesto
win i won won ganar
work worked worked trabajar
write i wrote written escribir

Pronunciation of -d and -ed

PARA PRONUNCIAR EL PASADO DE LOS VERBOS REGULARES SIGUE ESTAS TRES REGLAS SIMPLES Y
NO TE EQUIVOCARÁS !!!

1. Pronuncia una / d / si la pronunciación del verbo termina en sonido vocal o consonante (excepto / d /).

2. Pronuncia una / t / si la pronunciación del verbo termina en sonido consonante (excepto / t /).

3. Pronuncia / id / si la pronunciación del verbo termina en un sonido / d / o / t /.

/t/ /d/ / id /
watched played invited
hiked cleaned visited
fixed opened started
missed listened attended
walked loved skated
asked hated
washed

Orientaciones: Te recomiendo ingresar a las siguientes páginas para alcanzar un nivel superior en el tema del
pasado simple en inglés.

A. Observa los siguientes videos para que comprendas mejor el tiempo pasado simple en inglés; de esta manera saldrás de
cualesquier duda que te haya surgido durante este proceso de aprendizaje. También puedes consultar otros videos o
herramientas para tus preguntas.

1. https://bit.ly/2UbQw8k
2. https://bit.ly/2UcfNiH
3. https://bit.ly/2UbFwYs

B. Realiza ejercicios del pasado simple en los siguientes links:


1. https://bit.ly/3diODOK
2. https://bit.ly/3bjUQrO
3. https://bit.ly/2WAzAtv
Nota: no olvides escribir ejemplos de ejercicios en tu cuaderno para que dejes una evidencia de trabajo.

C. Practica la pronunciación de los verbos regulares en pasado en los siguientes links:


1. https://bit.ly/2wm4FXs
2. https://bit.ly/39cIFvt
3. https://bit.ly/2JjZEBD