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TECHNICAL REPORT AD

NATICK/TR-89/044

1988 ANTHROPOMETRIC SURVEY
OF U.S. ARMY PERSONNEL:
METHODS AND SUMMARY STATISTICS

BY
D I
CLAIRE C. GORDON*
THOMAS CHURCHILL
CHARLES E. CLAUSER s 0
C BRUCE BRADTMILLER
JOHN T. McCONVILLE ...
it, ILSE TEBBETTS
ROBERT A. WALKER*
ANTHROPOLOGY RESEARCH PROJECT, INC.
YELLOW SPRINGS, OHIO 45387

SEPTEMBER 1989

FINAL REPORT
1987 -1988
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE;
DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED
Prepared for
UNITED STATES ARMY NATICK
RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER
NATICK, MASSACHUSETTS 01760-5000
*SCIENCE AND ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY DIRECTORATE

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NATICK/TR-89/044

6a. NAME OF PERFORMING ORGANIZATION
Anthropology Research j 6b. OFFICE SYMBOL
(If applicable)
7a. NAME OF MONITORING ORGANIZATION

Project, Inc. __U.S. Army Natick RD&E Center
6c. ADDRESS (City. State, and ZIP Code) 7b. ADDRESS (City, State, and ZIP Code)
503 Xenia Avenue ATTN: STRNC-YBF
Yellow Springs, Ohio 45387 Natick, Massachusetts 01760-5000

Ba. NAME OF FUNDINGI/SPONSORING
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STRNC-YBF Contract DAAK60-86-C-0128
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PROGRAM PROJECT ITASK WiORK UNIT
ELEMENT NO. NO. NO. ACCESSION NO.
728012.12 OMA
11. TITLE (Include Security Classification)
1988 ANTHROPOMETRIC SURVEY OF U.S. ARMY PERSONNEL: METHODS AND SUMMARY STATISTICS

12. PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Claire C. Gordon*, Bruce Bradtmiller, Thomas Churchill, Charles E. Clauser
Tnhn T. McConille. Tlse Tebbetts and Robert A. Walker*
13a. TYPE OF REPORT 113b. TIME COVERED 114. DATE OF REPORT (Year, Month, Day) S.PAGE COUNT
'Fn'! I
FROM 1 Oct 8g024 MaL 19 1980 Q-.t'.*ker 652
16. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTATION
*Affiliated with Science and Advanced Technology Directorate, U.S. Army Natick Research,
Development and En ineeringCenter
17. COSATI CODES 18. SUBJECT TE1;S (Continue on reverse if necessary and identify by block number)
FIELD GROUP SUB-GROUP ANTHROPOMETRY HUMAN BODY SIZE MEN
ANTHROPOMETRIC SURVEY MEASUREMENTS WOMEN
ANTHROPOMETRIC DATA DIMENSIONS ARMY
19. ABSTRACT (Continue on reverse if necessary and identify by block number)
Results of the 1987-1988 anthropometric survey of Army personnel are presented in this
report in the form of summary statistics, percentile data and frequency distributions.
These anthropometric data are presented for a subset of personnel (1774 men and 2208
women) sampled to match the proportions of age categories and racial/ethnic groups found
in the active duty Army of June 1988. Dimensions given in this report include 132
standard measurements made in the course of the survey, 60 derived dimensions calculated
largely by adding and subtracting standard measurement data, and 48 head and face dimen-
sions reported in traditional linear terms but collected by means of an automated head-
board designed to obtain three-dimensional data. Measurement descriptions, visual indices
and a glossary of terms are included to help identify and locate dimensions.) Also
appearing in this report are.<sescripti-ons -of -the procedre-s and techniques used in this
survey k These include explanations of the complex sampling plan, computer editing pro-
cedures, and strategies for minimizing observer error. Tabular material in A/ppendices
(see reverse)-4
20. DISTRIBUTION /AVAILABILITY OF ABSTRACT 21. ABSTRACT SECURITY CLASSIFICATION
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2a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE INDIVIDUAL 22b. TELEPHONE (n"ud Area od)2c.OFFICE SYMBOL
Dr. Claire C. Gordon 508-65154Z STRNC-YBF
DO FORM 1473, s4 MAR 83 APR edition may be used until exhausted. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF HIS PAGE
All other editions are obsolete.
UNCLASSIFIED

19. Abstract (cont'd)

A and C'are designed to help users understand various practical applications
of the dimensional data, and to identify comparable data obtained in previous
anthropometric surveys.

Aeoesslon For
?NTIS GRAMI
DTIC TAB f
Unannounced 11
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PREFACE

This publication is another in the series of reports issued in connection with the U.S. Army
Anthropometric Survey (ANSUR) of 1987-1988. The survey was among the most ambitious ever
undertaken. A multifaceted sampling strategy and a number of newly devised data-gathering
techniques and measuring devices were used for the first time. A measuring team of 22 persons
spent nearly a year collecting data on some 25,000 screened subjects and close to 9,000 measured
subjects at 11 Army bases. Final editing and analysis of the data that appear in this report in
summary form took an additional year. It goes without saying that a project of this scope could
not have been completed without the help of numerous military and civilian personeL

!3uccessful execution of a complex sampling strategy and acquisition of the most
comprehensive anthropometric data set ever collected by the Army would have been impossible had
it not been for the full and active support received from GEN Carl Vuono, Army Chief of Staff,
GEN Joseph Palastra, Commander of the Army Forces Command, GEN Maxwell Thurman,
Commander of the Army Training & Doctrine Command (TRADOC), GEN Louis Wagner,
Commander of the Army Materiel Command, and CSM William B. Tapp, Jr., Army Materiel
Command.

From the U.S. Army Troop Support Command, we thank MG John E. Long, MG Henry
G. Skeen (retired), BG Charles E. St. Arnaud, BG Leo J. Pigaty, and CSM Henry L. Thornton for
their personal cncouragemcnt and active support of ANSUR during its planning, coordination, and
execution.

We also thank the command groups and staffs of the following organizations, which provided
test subjects despite their heavy mission commitments: the U.S. Army Health Services Command,
I Corps, MT[ Corps, the XVIII Airborne Corps, the U.S. Army Chemical School, the U.S. Army
Military Police School, the U.S. Army Signal Center, the U.S. Army Aviation Center, the U.S. Army
Training Center at FL Jackson, and the U.S. Training Center at Ft. Dix. Within each of these
organizations were liaison officers and noncommissioned officers responsible for coordination of all
the logistic details needed to actually execute the survey at each of the host installations. These
liaison personnel made the successful executien of a difficult project possible: MAJ John Roper
and CPT Raphael Deegan, Ft. McClellan; MAJ Lawrence Hall and SFC Norman Homan, Ft.
Campbell; COL Robert Smoot and SGM Waiter Taylor, Ft. Bragg; CPT Joel Weeks, FL Stcfwart;
CPT Michael Robinson, Ft. Ord; LTC James Gildersleeve, MAj Marguerite Campbell and CPT
Joseph Dirac, Defense Language Institute; MAJ James Taylor, Ft. Lewis; MAJ James R. Sisson and
MAJ Arne W. Owens, Ft. Hood; LTC Dees Stallings, Ft. Gordon; CPT Mark Becker, Ft. Jackson;
COL James B. Sauer and CPT Anthony Shannon, Ft. Rucker; MAJ Dale E. Graham and CPT
George Trotter, Ft. Dix.

SpeciL.l thanks are owed to Mr. Ignatius Stefaniw, LTC David Kidroske, and CPT Betty M.
Gieseke of the U.S. Army Training & Doctrine Command for their patient and persistent support
in the selection and coordination of TRADOC installations for participation in ANSUR.

Within the U.S. Army Natick Research, Development and Engineering Center we gratefully
acknowledge the guidance and support received from COL Clinton A. Hodder, COL AD. Rodgers
111, Dr. Robert Lewis, Mr. Edward Levell, Dr. Abner Salant, Dr. Herbert Meiselman, Dr. Lawrence
Symington, Mr. Charles Williams, Dr. Carolyn Bensel, and SMG William Wright. These individuals
were instrumental in the planning, funding, and execution of ANSUR.

iii

Also at Natick, LTC Stanley Holgate served as senior liaison officer for ANSUR. LTC
Holgate's planning of feasible approaches lo subject acquisition and his coordination of the
a qisition of both facilities and subjects at each ANSUR post were critical to the success of this
project. Ms. Beth Ann Holloway, in the capacity of 1LT, served as the Officer in Charge (OIC)
at %ahpost and the primary Natick military laison in LTC Holgate's absence. In her role as OIC,
Ms. Holloway kept day-to-day operations functioning smoothly and efficiently.

The data reported in this manuscript were collected by a specially recruited and trained
measuring team, who, throughout a year of fieldwork, maintained the highest of professional
standards. Ms. Jeryl Neff, the team leader, was responsible for overseeing data collection quality
and for the maintenance of crew morale and professionalism. Field crew members, in alphabetical
order, were: Donna Acton, Scott Anspach, Gary Ball, Karen Ball, Cindy Blackwell, Mary Bloom,
Jeffery Bonner, John Crafts, Lee Gasaway, Lori Hedberg, Mike Herzing, Chuck Janini, Julie Janini,
Anne Kaminski, Sara Kelly, Shirley Kristensen, Lisa Love, Jill Parks, Lisa Prenger, Amy Pulse, Lisa
Richards, Robyn Tebbetts, Timi Trawick, and Phillip Walker.

Invaluable editorial comments were made on this manuscript by Ms. Marcia Lightbody,
Natick Technical Editor, and Drs. Carolyn Bensel and Kenneth Parham of the Materiel Systems
Human Factors Branch, Behavioral Sciences Division, Science and Advanced Technology
Directorate. The authors are indebted, as well, to Dr. Shu Mei Guo of Wright State University
for the statistical derivations that appear in Chapter VII.

Finally, the authors would like to acknowledge the care and attention devoted to the
production of this report by staff members at Anthropology Research Project: Jane Reese, Belva
Hodge, Lori Deen, and Phillip Walker. Drawings were executed by Gary Ball and Alice McKinney.
Photography credits go to Tebby Stanley and Denny Eagleson. To all of these talented individuals,
the authors express their sincere appreciation.

iv

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page

PREFACE ...... ................................................. iii

LIST OF FIGURES ................................................ vii

LIST OF TABLES ................................................. viii

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1

SELECTION OF SURVEY DIMENSIONS............
THE SAMPLE ................................. 2
HOW TO USE THIS REPORT ..................... 3

CHAPTER II THE SURVEY 6

SUBJECT PROCESSING AND MEASURER TRAINING 6
COMPUTER PROCEDURES ........................... 8
ANTHROPOMETRIC INSTRUMENTS ............... 9

Automated Headboard Device ......................... 14
Hand Photo Box ............................. ..... 18

THE LANDMARKS .................................. 19

CHAPTER III THE SAh" !E 31

THE MEASURED SAMPLE ...................... 32

The Sampling Cells ........................... 32
The Sample Size ............................. 33
Implementation .............................. ..... 34
The Working Data Base ............................ 35
Characteristics of the Working Data Base ................. 43

THE SCREENED SAMPLE ........................... 44

CHAPTER IV THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS 63

Visual Index ....................................... 64
Standard Measurement Descriptions and Percentiles ....... 74
Summary Statistics and Frequency Tables ............... 75

V

TABLE OF CONTENTS (cont'd)

Page

CHAPTER V THE DERIVED DIMENSIONS 338

Visual Index ................................... 339
Derived Measurement Descriptions and Percentiles ........ 344
Summary Statistics and Frequency Tables ............... 345

CHAPTER VI THE HEADBOARD MEASUREMENTS 465

Visual Index ................................... 466
Headboard Measurement Descriptions and Percentiles ...... 468
Summary Statistics and Frequency Tables ............... 469

CHAPTER VII OBSERVER ERROR 564

INTRODUCTION .............................. 564
ALLOWABLE OBSERVER ERROR ................. 564

Observer Error in the Anthropometric Literature ....... 565
Observer Error in Data Bank Surveys ............... 568
Observer Error Test ........................... 570

M ethods ................................. 570
Results ................................. 571

DAILY OBSERVER ERROR ...................... 579
ESTIMATED OBSERVER ERROR FOR
DERIVED DIMENSIONS ...................... 588

REFERENCES ............................................... 593

IND EX ..................................................... 597

APPENDICES

A Uses of the Dimensions ........................... 609
B The Statistical Measures .......................... .619
C Comparability of ANSUR Dimensions with Dimensions
of Other Large-scale Surveys ...................... 623
D A Glossary of Anatomical and Anthropometric Terms ...... 631
E The Biographical Data Form ....................... 635

vi

LIST OF FIGURES

Figgre Pg

1 Flow chart for subject selection and processing 7

2 Anthropometer: a. beam caliper; b. four sections of
the basic anthropometer 10

3 Calipers and tape: a. steel tape; b. spreading caliper;
c. sliding caliper; d. Holtain caliper; e. Poech caliper 10

4 Pupillometer 10

5 Functional leg length anthropometer 11

6 Orientation of wall-mounted graphs 11

7 Foot measuring boxes 12

8 Modified sliding caliper 12

9 Modified tape 13

10 Landmark transfer rod 13

11 Scye marking aid 13

12 Axis system for headboard measurements 14

13 The Automated Headboard Device (AHD) 15

14 Principal components of the Automated Headboard Device 16

15 The reference planes (headboards) and head stabilization
clamp 17

16 The axis assemblies of the coordinate measuring system and
their range of movement 17

17 Subject seated at photobox 18

D-1 The body in the anatomical position 631

vii

LIST OF TABLES

Table Page

1 Age Distribution of Subjects in the Working Data Base 4

2 Racial/Ethnic Distribution of Subjects in the Working
Data Base 5
3 Percentage of Working Data Base Subjects by Age and
Racial/Ethnic Category 5

4 Sampling Cells 33

5 Sampling Goals: Males 34

6 Sampling Goals: Females 34

7 Demographic Distribution of Measured Males 36

8 Demographic Distribution of Measured Females 36

9 Demographic Distribution of the U.S. Army, June 1988: Males 37

10 Demographic Distribution of the U.S. Army, June 1988: Females 37

11 Calculation of Relative Cell Frequencies for White Females 38

12 Female Working Data Base Cell Size 39

13 Mean Stature and Weight for Female Working Data Base Selections 39

14 Female Workitg Data Base Compared to Female Screening
Sample: Stature 40

15 Female Working Data Base Compared to Female Screening
Sample: Weight 41

16 Male Working Data Base Cell Size 42

17 Male Working Data Base Compared to Male Screening
Sample: Stature 42

18 Male Working Data Base Compared to Male Screening
Sample: Weight 43

19 Distribution by Duty Location 45

viii

LTST OF TABLES (cont'd)

Table Page

20 Distribution by Military Component 45

21 Dist.0"-ution by Rank 46

22 Distribution by Grade 47

23 Distribution by Years of Service 48

24 Distribution by Branch of Service 49

25 Distribution by MOS of Enlisted Personnel 50

26 Distribution by MOS of Warrant Officers 52

27 Distribution by MOS of Commissioned Officers 53

28 Distribution by Age 54

29 Distribution by Race 55

30 Distribution by Ethnicity 56

31 Distribution by Birthplace 59

32 Distribution by Vision Correction 61
33 Distribution by Sighting - Weapon 61

34 Distribution by Handedness - Writing 61

35 Distribution by Handedness - Weapon 61

36 Comparison of Estimated and Measured Height 62

37 Comparison of Estimated and Measured Weight 62

38 Interobserver Technical Error of Measurement 566

39 Interobserver Differences Outside Preset Limits 567

40 Technical Errors of Measurement and Mean Absolute
Interobserver Error for Men and Women Aged 20 to 50 Years 568

ix

LIST OF TABLES (cont'd)

Table Pag

41 Rank Ordering of Dimensions by Repeatability Measures
in Four Surveys 569

42 Standing Heights: Observer Error Test 572

43 Sitting Heights: Observer Error Test 572

44 Lengths: Observer Error Test 573

45 Breadths: Observer Error Test 574

46 Depths and Weight: Observer Error Test 574

47 Large Circumferences: Observer Error Test 575

48 Small Circumferences: Observer Error Test 575

49 Head: Observer Error Test 576

50 Hand and Foot: Observer Error Test 576

51 Reaches: Observer Error Test 577

52 Sample Software Output for Remeasured Subjects of
Station 4 580

53 Observer Error for Standing Heights 581

54 Observer Error for Sitting Heights 581

55 Observer Error for Lengths 582

56 Observer Error for Breadths 583

57 Observer Error for Depths and Weight 583

58 Observer Error for Large Circumferences 584

59 Observer Error for Small Circumferences 584

60 Observer Error for Head Dimensions 585

61 Observer Error for Hand and Foot Dimensions 585

x

LIST OF TABLES (cont'd) Ta.ble 62 Observer Error for Reaches 586 63 Observer Error for Derived Dimensions 591 A-1 Applications for the Measured and Derived Dimensions in the Army Survey 611 C-1 ANSUR Dimersions: Assessment of Comparability with Other Surveys 625 xi .

A comprehensive body-size study of U. Army men and women was undertak. Several new and improved methodologies in the areas of sampling.S. The goals of this anthropometric survey (ANSUR) were to acquire a large body of data from comparably measured males and females to serve the Army's current design and engineering needs. Three-quarters of the 1977 survey subjects wern White.S. it is characterized by considerably greater differences in racial composition. such a data base must be updated periodically to accurately reflect the body sizes and proportions of the military population it purports to represent.85%. 2 and with each passing year. instrumentation. and procurement. 2 in the 1977 survey more than half were 25 and under. and workspaces. This means that clothing. as well as those anticipated well into the future. . military and many foreign services compile and maintain extensive collections of body-size information used primarily to guide the design and sizing of clothing. In order to be effective. protective equipment. 1988 ANTHROPOMETRIC SURVEY OF U. must be modified and redesigned to accommodate the larger variations represented by an integrated male/female population. Army women was conducted in 19773 and. only 44% of today's male soldiers are under 25.2 The most recent body-size survey of U. By comparison. the use of portable computers for data entry and first-level editing in the field. while more current than the male survey.1 some 22 years or the equivalent of a military generation ago. The majority of today's Army women are aged 25 and over. more jobs are filled by women. and verification were used. 8. and 66% are White.88% of Army personnel. simultaneous collection and processing of male and female data for the creation of an integrated data base.46% to 9. The last anthropometric survey of U. and computer-generated human models.S. work stations. 7 and the development and use of new measuring devices for the collection of head and hand data. Between 1970 and 1980. originally sized and designed to accommodate males only. i in 1987-1988 to correct these deficiencies. A substantial proportion of the sample was young (88% were under 25 years old).S.2 Blacks represent 25% of Army men today as compared to 15% in the 1966 survey. design. Black women comprise more than 40% of today's Army. and slightly less than one quarter were Black. personal protective equipment.S. These included: a complex sampling plan designed to produce a dz :a base that can be adapted to changing population demographics. ARMY PERSONNEL: METHODS AND SUMMARY STATISTICS CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION All U. 2 Whites slightly more than half. the percentage of women in the Army increased Dearly sevenfold from 1. Today. It was apparent in the mid-eighties that the Army's anthropometic data base had serious deficiencies that limited its applicability for current and future sizing. 4. 9 . Army men was conducted in 1966. and some 78% of the subjects were White. women make up 10.

g. A second line of inquiry involved a questionnaire survey administered to 22 Army and Air Force clothing designers and pattemmakers to learn what dimensions they required for their work. The 26 three-dimensional coordinates obtained from an automated headboard device specially developed for this survey were used to calculate an additional set of 48 head and face dimensions. SELECTION OF SURVEY DIMENSIONS To develop the list of dimensions measured in this survey. For some applications. clothing design. From this list. and filled out biographical questionnaires to provide information that included age. a list of 298 dimensions measured in one or more of 32 anthropometric surveys of men and women. The use categories and the dimensions applicable to them appear in Appendix A.997 subjects were selected to be more fully measured. The sampling strategy and the method used to select subjects to achieve its purposes are described in Chapter II. From the larger sample. During this time. for these dimensions as well as an additional 60 derived dimensions are reported in this volume. was circulated among persons who represented many decades of experience in applying anthropometric data to the design of military systems. both military and civilian.g. including percentile and frequency tables.811 subjects at 11 Army posts were screened for this survey. 12 categories of uses (e. the measured survey sample was further winnowed to carve out a working data base that reflects the proportions of men and 2 . and body forms. ethnic identity. work space design. and Army occupation. Each was asked to choose from the list those dimensions considered essential or useful in his or her work and to supplement his or her choices with additional dimensions not found on this list.5. among other items. 5. face. human analog design) were identified and 132 dimensions believed to be most useful for meeting these needs were selected to be measured directly on each subject. THE SAMPLE A total of 25. individuals who had been responsible for their development were solicited to determine what specific dimensions had been incorporated in these forms and what other dimensional data would have been useful if they had been available. equipment. stature and weight) between occupational subgroups in the Army. A year of planning preceded the suivey. These inquiries resulted in a candidate list which included variables measured in previous surveys as well as dimensions not previously measured but identified as being needed by users of anthropometric data for design purposes. These subjects were measured for height and weight. As noted. Over 8. 8.6 First." Summary statistics. hundreds of candidate dimensions were sifted to arrive at the final selection. Because a number of age and race categories were deliberately oversampled as a bankable resource to draw upon should the proportion of these groups change in future years. which included 132 directly measured dimensions and three-dimensional coordinates on 26 points of the head and face. grade. The screening sample had a twofold purpose: (1) it was intended to provide a data base for use in studying questions about overall body-size differences (e. rank.000 hand photos were also taken as a permanent resource for future needs. a comprehensive list of candidate measurements was reviewed and assessed in several ways. and (2) it functioned as a pool from which to select subjects for full measurement in the survey. race. and clothing. such as the design of three-dimensional head. another 60 dimensions were derived from the direct measurements.

1988 Army. respectively. Finally. It is this set of 1. the derived dimensions. which include summary statistics and descriptions of the standard dimensions. 2 and 3 outline the age and racial/ethnic distributions of male and female subjects in the working data base. The landmarks used to define the origin and termination of the measurements made in this survey are listed and briefly described in Chapter II. Visual indices precede the statistical material in each chapter and are designed to help readers identify and locate dimensions by their anthropometric designations.208 women . HOW TO USE THIS REPORT The working data in this report are given in Chapters IV. and VI. and the headboard measurements. and VI. illustrations. This chapter also summarizes the operational aspects of the survey and includes descriptions.the working data base . Chapter VII details the procedures developed to control observer error throughout the year-long survey.women in various racial/ethnic and age groups found in the June. A full explanation of the sampling strategy appears in Chapter lII. Tables 1. which also includes a number of tables that describe the demographic character of the working data base.774 men and 2. An assessment of the comparability of measurements obtained in this survey with measurements from other major anthropometric surveys appears in tabular form in Appendix C. V. Appendix B contains a brief explanation of the summary statistics used to report the measurement data in Chapters IV. Each dimension is described and illustrated. a glossary of terms (Appendix D) and an index are included to further help the reader understand the terminology used in this report and locate dimensions of interest. Summary statistics are reported separately for each sex. and sources of the instruments used.whose measurement data appear in this report. 3 . V.

0 42 15 98.5 44 5 .8 53.6 98.1 18 27 1.2 22 141 33.2 .0 3.3 24 102 44.6 8.0 65.4 36 44 87.8 33 62 79.6 27 65 58.4 .0 100.19) (Mean Age .1 99.0 50 1 . 0 .2 99.8 43 4 .4 31 64 82 3.3 5.9 22 149 8.2 49 1 .8 7. Age Distribution of Subjects in the Working Data Base.7 74.2 99.0 8.4 35 51 84.1 .7 84.0 51 1 100.1 25 100 49.0 50 0 99.1 TOTALS 2.0 .9 4 .8 90.5 23 176 8.0 51 0 .1 2.9 47 2 99.1 7.2 3.9 37 42 89.2 99.7 30. * 2.2 3.2 46 4 .4 44 8 99.4 30 74 2.5 21 133 25.7 70.9 .4 1.8 46 4 99.4 59.6 3.4 34 62 41 1.5 45 4 .1 48 1 .4 20 156 17.2 47 2 .3 30 60 69.3 16.7 27 133 4.0 1.6 2) 151 6.9 2.0 .7 24 179 6.4 2.9 100.5 6.9 3.7 .9 28 103 4. Females Males (Mean Age .9 32 56 76.5 18 47 6.0 17 1 .6 34 42 82.2 .2 19 132 8.2 43 9 98. TABLE 1.0 99.9 96.2 99.5 95.9 92.5 33 64 2.2 31 61 73.9 87.4 78.4 38 13 .7 38 42 92.9 3.0 23.2 32 2.6 97.6 1.2 28 70 62.2 5.22) Cumulative Cumulative Percent Perent A Freaue Percent Percent A Fre ua.6 5.0 49 0 99.7 2.9 94.3 39 36 94.6 .9 98.0 39 19 .3 29 103 3.26.0 99.6 26 94 55.9 29 59 66.9 48 4 99.8 41 28 97.9 35 43 1.8 20 184 21 155 7.208 99.0 100.4 37 19 .2 23 98 38.1 17 2.0 7.9 .9 81.0 38.6 40 13 .1 46.2 40 29 95.1 19 128 8.774 100.9 5.0 100.0 2.5 36 33 1.9 .3 26 142 6.1 2.7 3.6 41 42 5 .7 .6 45 4 99.27.8 1.2 99.

44 1.93 0.34 0.140 51. Females Males Race Frequency Percent Race Freguency Percent White 1.12 7.6 Hispanic 68 3.14 0.56 0.8 Hispanic 58 2.59 > 31 11.89 0.14 0.45 Males * 20 12.68 8.63 0.62 0.78 0.62 .30 0.59 25-30 15.6 American Indian 14 .8 Asian/Pacific 32 1. | I I5 ..28 21-24 17.4 Asian/Pacific 28 1.93 6.99 0.50 0.1 Black 922 41.9 Mixed/Other 36 2.14 0.36 0.11 0. iI.208 100. Percentage of Working Data Base Subjects by Age and Racial/Ethnic Category.07 0.41 0.774 100.23 0.38 0.62 > 31 20.27 21-24 15.6 American Indian 12 .39 0.0 1.67 1.. American Asian/ Indian/ Pacific Alaskan Mixed/ Ag(y) White Black Hispanic Island Native Other Females < 20 9.51 25-30 15.7 Mixed/Other 42 1.0 TABLE 3.11 0.6 White 1.04 14.39 7.0 TOTALS 2.23 0.45 0.45 0.34 0.90 0.8 Black 458 25.44 12.23 0.172 66.11 0.82 0. TABLE 2.63 3. Racial/Ethnic Distribution of Subjects in the Working Data Base.47 5.72 0.

Development and Engineering Center (NATICK).n members of the opposite sex were being marked. New Jersey Fort Lewis. as were in. Two people were assigned to each measuring station. Two landmarking stations were similarly established. These same teams alternated assignments to the headboard/hand photo station. In preparation for assembling a measuring team. Dimensions assigned to a given measuring station were those that could most easily be measured in sequence without excessive repositioning of subjects.and out-processing clerks whe. California Fort Dix. North Carolina Fort Gordon.and out-processing stations. Alabama Fort Ord. Thus. In the meantime. Army Natick Research. depending on whether subjects were men or women. Georgia Fort Rucker. each team member. Washington In July of 1987 a measuring team of 22 persons began an intensive four-week training period prior to their deployment in the field. They alternated as in. concentrated for about three weeks on learning to locate and draw the landmarks or measure the dimensions for which he or she would be permanently responsible. Dimensions were also grouped in such a way that the time required to measure all dimensions at each station was approximately equal. Alabama Fort Hood. Male andi female marking personnel at the landmarking stations also changed from day to day. and those that required a minimum of picking up and laying down of instruments. CHAPTER 11 THE SURVEY SUBJECT PROCESSING AND MEASURER TRAINING In order to measure some 9. 6 . based on principles of time/motion efficiency. team members were assigned to the landmarking or measuring station at which they would work for the duration of the survey. Two women were permanently assigned to five of the measuring stations. pairs of team members alternated these functions throughout each day. Georgia Fort Stewart. A streamlined procedure was devised for measuring some 40 subjects a day. project personnel prepared a training manual' 0 designed to serve as the primary instructional guide for members of the team. Early in the training period. all the necessary arrangements were made at Army posts where measuring teams were to work for periods ranging from ten days to eight weeks. Kentucky Fort Jackson.000 soldiers at 11 Army posts around the country in the 12 months allotted to the task.S. This handbook contained detailed written and illustrated instructions for marking and measuring subjects. The itinerary was as follows: Fort McClellan. Texas Fort Campbell. depending on whether subjects were men or women. under the instruction of professional anthropometrists. and explained the operation and maintenance of the computer data-entry system. The measurements were divided into groups of approximately 22 each. A male team alternated with a female team at the station where most dimensions between the waist and knees were measured. considerable advance planning took place both at Anthropology Research Project and at the U. one to serve as a measurer and one as a recorder. the automated headboard. Figure 1 illustrates the subject flow plan. and the hand photometric system. South Carolina Fort Bragg.

Flow chart for subject selection and processing. Subject briefing Subjects not selected SCREENING SITE Stature/Weight for survey I Subject selection -EXIT Subjects selected for survey proceed to measuring site Briefing/Waiting Room EXIT Marking Station 1 Marking Station 2 Dressing Room MEASURING SITE Measuring Station 1 Measuring Station 2 g In/Out Processing MeasuringStation Measuring Station 3 Measuring Station 4 5 Measuring Station SMeasuring Station5 SMeasuring Station 7 Figure 1. I| .

Men were measured bare-chested. and filled out forms giving demographic and biographical information about hemselves. the measurers could check it while the subject was still present. soldiers were briefed on the general purposes of the survey. COMPUTER PROCEDURES One of tbh features that distinguishes this survey from its predecessors is the use of portable computers for data entry in the field. the data form is attached as Appendix E. if a questionable value was identified by the software. at which a computer wrote the subject's number. Thus. In this way. At this site. and date onto the diskette. Women were measured in their bas. and were selected or rejected for inclusion in the fully-measured 7 sample by means of a computer program designed to meet the objectives of the sampling strategy. The subject received the diskette at an in-processing station. Soldiers who had been put on the roster from their units for full measurement bypassed the screening formation. This also eliminated transferring handwritten data as a source of error. Each subject was measured and the recorder entered the data into the station's computer. which included a description of the measuring procedures to be carried out. 8 . Data from the subject's biographical questionnaire were also added to the subject diskette at the out-processing station. the data coming in from the field contained many fewer errors of measurement or entry than in past surveys and many fewer questionable values about which the data editors had to make decisions. Both the piinted form and the station diskette served as backups in case of kiss or damage to the subject's diskette. Each subject's data were kept together on a single floppy diskette. which the subject carried from station to station as he/she moved through the measuring process. and were issued T-shirts to wear while moving around between measuring stations and at stations where upper body exposure was not required. or from units assembled at a subject-screening site. The computers were equipped with custom-designed software that edited data values as they were entered. After the subject had been measured. all soldiers were given nylon running shorts in which they were measured. Portable personal computers were independently operated at each rmeasuring station. Each station's computer also printed the data from that station onto a paper form which the subject carried from station to station. The anthropometric data from that station were then written onto the subject's diskette and onto a station diskette which kept a record of each person measured at that station. they were selected either from unit rosters before the measuring team arrived at a particular post. Data were ready for analysis much more quickly than in the past. The floppy diskettes used in the computers could hold much more data than paper forms of the same size.7 Computers were used for three reasons: Entering the data onto electronic media saved time by eliminating hand recording of data. There. all the data from the diskette were read at the out-processing station to verify that the subject had visited each station. sex. and that the data from each station were recorded properly on the diskette. After the briefing. SuF ects were selected for measurement in accordance with procedures described in Chapter IEL Essen! ily. soldiers were measured for Stature and Weight. These subjects completed biographical forms at the measuring site where they joined screened subjects in a full briefing.

104 sliding caliper (Poech type) Catalogue No. data entry and editing 7 system. an audible signal is given. misreading an instrument. 450 Barell Avenue. If the measured and the predicted value differed by more than a preset amount. 1938. 604 (Holtain caliper) steel measuring tape (2-meter) Catalogue No. NJ 07072. ANTHROPOMBTRIC INSTRUMENTS Several standard anthropometric instruments as well as a few unique instruments were used in this survey. The measured value for a given subject. 1 The approach is essentially two-phased. is completely described in Churchill et al. for a given dimension.. The computer software contained a series of multiple regression equations in which the value for each dimension was predicted from the values of two other dimensions at that station. or lower than the lowest value to date.. all of which are available from Seritex. A value is first checked against the highest value and the lowest value measured for that variable. This approach is very effective in screening out wildly aberrant values resulting from a misassembled instrument. the second phase of data editing began. After each dimension at a station was measured. Inc. or misentering a value by 100 or 1000. which instructs the measurer to take the measurement again. In that way. 101F sliding caliper Catalogue No. included: GPM anthropometer Catalogue No. The standard instruments. In Figure 2 the anthropometer is illustrated in the two modes in which it was used. the audible signal was given. 110 These instruments are illustrated in Figures 2 and 3. and the measurer was asked to remeasure that dimension. 106 Bicondylar Vernier caliper Catalogue No. was compared to the predicted value. If the measured value is higher than the highest value to date. including program source code listings. values which were not aberrant for the population as a whole but were disproportionate for that individual were identified and checked. 101 base plate Catalogue No. The editing routines in the computer software were based on procedures which had been used successfully for some time by the contractor in a number of previous military surveys. rounded Catalogue No. Carlstadt. 9 m . 114 spreading caliper. The compute. transposing digits.

Several instruments for use in locating landmarks were also devised. steel tape: b. c. spreading caliper. The pupillometer for measuring interpupillary breadth i shown in Figure 4. sliding caliper: d. e. 10 . Poech caliper. and a modified tape. wall scales. Foster City. Triton Drive. Pupillometer. a smooth vertical board that is moved along a table to establish the anterior buttock point of a seated subject (see photograph on page 124). This commercial device can be obtained from: Multi-Optics Corporation. Anthropometer: Figure 3. b Figure 2. CA 94404. Measuring instruments that were modified or created for the survey include: a functional leg length anthropometer. Calipers and tape: a. foot measuring boxes. Figure 4. Holtain caliper. a modified sliding caliper. beam caliper: a. These include a buttock plate. four sections of the b. 1153 D. basic anthropometer.

Other devices were specially designed to help position subjects correctly. The orientation of the graphs is shown in Figure 6 with reference to the comer near which it is mounted.-cle Plate Figure 5. The functional leg length anthropometer is shown in Figure 5. Functional leg length Figure 6. 11 . . Vertical Graph Heel Plate Base Plate /. When the jacks are raised in concert. The leg leveller. This instrument consists of a standard GPM (early series) anthropometer mounted vertically on a sole plate. Both wall graphs are of graph paper scaled in millimeters and sealed in mylar sheeting. parallel to the floor.. mounted graphs. the upper board is raised. consists of two horizontal flat boards approximately 1 foot by 1. Two wall graphs were used to measure arm reaches. Sandwiched between the boards are two scissor jacks situated at right angles to each other.5 feet in size. The purpose of the device is to raise or lower the legs of the seated subject so that the thighs are parallel to the floor. for example. The lower board rests on the floor. Orientation of wall- anthropometer.

are shown in Figure 7. The foot measuring boxes are made of three-millimeter aluminum stock. 12 . eft Foot Right Foot Figure 7. Figure 8. A standard GPM (early series) sliding caliper was modified to use in measuring lateral malleolus height. a left and a right. Millimeter graph paper affixed to the standing surfaces is covered with Plexiglas.. Modified sliding caliper. The modified instrument is shown in Figure 8. Used in measuring linear dimensions of the foot. . Foot measuring boxes. The sliding caliper was modified by removing the fixed arm and substituting a 77-mm arm for the 51-mm arm. the two footboxes.

used for two posterior crotch length measurements. is made by attaching a dowel to the zero end of a standard tape as a handhold. It consists of a vertical rod mounted on a triangular base. Modified tape. illustrated in Figure 11. The modified tape. . The scye marking aid is a rigid plexiglass straightedge with a line level epoxied to the lower left margin of the straightedge. __________----- Figure 11. Landmark transfer rod. The device is used to transfer landmarks from one side of the body to the same level on another side. Sqve marking aid. A triangular plastic pennant is affixed at the zero mark of the tape. is shown in Figure 10. was used to establish the anterior and posterior scye marks. The instrument is illustrated in Figure 9. 13 . A dowel is mounted at right angles to the slide and rod. They included a landmark transfer rod and a scye marking aid. approximately six feet high.I Figure 10. Figure 9. Several measuring and marking aids were used in this study. a thin horizontal plate is affixed to the end of the dowel. A slide that can be moved vp and down is mounted on the vertical rod. The base has three casters on the bottom which permit the device to be easily rolled around the subject. This device. which were constructed for the purpose. The landmark transfer rod.

Y y+ Y.. Axis system for headboard measurements. and operation of the AHD may be found in Annis and Gordon. its basic elements are shown and labeled in Figure 14. total the pulse counts. thei coordinates are entered automatically when the recorder hits a button upon word from the operator that the bead is on the landmark. A coordinate measuring system constitutes the measuring elements (see Figure 16).':i of the movable slides act to convert the movements into electrical pulses that are equivalent to distance. The AHD is pictured in Figure 13. As the probe is moved around the face from landmark to lanemark. Y. o Zo X0. 1988. validation. The coordinate measuring system is calibrated so that the location of the center of the bead relative to the horizontal and vertical headboard surfaces is known to the nearest 0. The.coordinates are defined in terms of three mutually perpendicular axes (X. moved in and out 200 mm (horizontal slide). The subject positioning system permits the seat to be raised or lowered to bring the subject's head into firm contact with the rear and top headboards (see Figure 15). the system is designed to operate with a personal computer programmed to perform the analog-to-digital conversions. To convert these analog signals into digital coordinate values for three axes. In operation. as shown in Figure 12. + Y" Figure 12. the ubjective is to bring a small ruby bead (2-mm diameter) located on a probe on the horizontal slide into light contact with a landmark drawn on the face.Automated Headboard Device The automated headboard device (AHD) was specifically designed and constructed for the measurement of three-dimensional (3-D) coordinates of the head and face.8 14 . and moved up and down 300 mn (vertical slide). A full description of the development. and Z) referenced to the intersection of two plane surfaces (headboards) against which a subject's head is positioned for measurement. and perform the necessary trigonometric calculations. It consists of a movable arm which can be rotated through approximately 200 degrees (rotary bearing). A head clamp is incorporated to minimize head movement during the t'pproximately 60 seconds required to operate the device.1 mm. Encoders attached to e.

15 .Figure 13. The Automated Headboard Device (AHD).

Principal components of the Automated Headboard Device. 16 . COUNTERBALANCE SPRING VERTICAL SLIDE ASSEMBLY * ROTARY BEARING COORDINATE MEASURING DOLLY HANDLES SROTARY SUPPORT HOUSING HEAD POSITIONING SUBASSEMBLY HORIZONTAL SLIDE ASSEMBLY I LEVELING BUBBLE CHAIR CONTROL SWITCH LINEAR ACTUATOR SYSTM(SPS) CHAIR DRIVE MOTOR IEVELING FEE Figure 14.

VER'mcAL AXIS SLIDE ROTARY BEARING . ROTARY AXIS HORIZONTAL AXIS SLIDE20 N-OUT 220MM I Figure 16. HEADI STABIUZA11ON CLAMP TOP HEADBOARD REAR HEADBOARD Figure 15. The reference planes (headboards) and head stabilization clamp. The axis assemblies of the coordinate measuring sytem and their range of movement. 17 .

The complete system and the optical principles on which it is based are described by Zehner and coworkers. a hand shadowgram data reduction device was developed. a hand photometric system was designed to quickly and accurately capture hand images from which extensive data could be collected at a later time. It is from the low-distortion silhouette that the measurements are made. 18 . Subject seated at photobox. using black- and-white film and flash photography. which then computes the linear dimensions of the hand from the silhouette image. This device. 9 To collect data from the pairs of photographs. specifically designed to accept the photographs from the hand photometric system. while using the ordinary -alm-and-fingers photograph to identify soft-tissue landmarks. so the operator can examine the superimposed photographs on the video screen and mark a number of landmarks on the hand using the computer's mouse. A personal computer and custom-designed software are integral components of the data-reduction device.Hand Photo Box Numerous dimensions of the hand and fingers are required for the sizing and design of gloves. The coordinates of the points so identified are automatically read into the computer. the dimensions can be taken from the silhouette image. In this way. the second is a silhouette of the hand using a low-wattage bulb for back lighting and a series of lenses which cause the silhouette to be only minimally distorted. The system takes two sequential photographs: the first is a photo of the palm. Aott Figure 17. superimposes the two images on each other. The device is illustrated in Figure 17. Because it was deemed too time-consuming to measure all these variables.

for which marking was not necessary. the tip of the index finger. Additional derived dimensional data on the hand will be available through regression equations. dimensions are defined in terms of body landmarks. Measurers were also trained to recognize other easily located landmarks such as Dactylion H. THE I ANDMARKS Dimensions are measured from one point on the body (or a fixed surface such as the floor) to another or. The landmarks used to define the measurements in the survey are listed and briefly described on the following pages. and placing actual drawn marks on the bodies of all subjects in this survey. in the case of circumferences. Data collection using the hand shadowgram data reduction device is underway as of this writing. termination. finger circumferences can be derived for the remainder of the subjects. around a part of the body at a specified levei. or level of measurement of a dimension. and will be reported separately in a NATICK Technical Report. Two men and two women were trained in locating many of these points by palpation or by sight. Detailed illustrated instructions for locating these landmarks can be found in the Measurer's Handbook.190 subjects (620 males and 570 females) for whom hand photographs were also taken. 10 19 . which serve as the origin. To ensure that each dimension is measured accurately and consistently from subject to subject. finger circumference data were directly measured on 1. The finger widths and corresponding finger circumferences from those individuals were used to calculate regression equations in which circumference is predicted by finger width. Using those regression equations. During the course of data collection.

. The most the middle of the protruding point of shoulder from the the relaxed abdomen neck to the tip of the of a seated subject. right and left: second toe of the "L. spine. Biceps point: The highest point of the II Bustpoint. _ shoulder. Anterior superior ifcI Azillary fold. oof the bra subject's right side. right and left. the flare or wing of is longer. 20 .... whichever .. Acropodion: The tip of the first or Alare. right and . the nose. right and left: left: The highest The anterior points of points of the right the right and left iliac and left axillary folds crests. The lateral point on right foot. Aneio uero iicposterior. LANDMARKSZ Acromion. right and right flexed biceps as left: The anterior-- viewed from the points cups..The point of intersection of the lateral border of the acromial process and Abdominal point. " a line running down ! anterior. on the back.

Calf: A point on the Cemicale: The side of the calf at the superior palpable level of the maximum point of the spine of - circumference of the the seventh cervical right calf.. Point of Points on the thigh or - maximum protrusion hip at the level of the of the right buttock N1 maximum protrusion of a standing subject. lateral and left lateral: posterior:. the midsagittal plane. point of the juncture Cin The most of the fleshy tissue of /protruding point on the lips with the facial .The lateralTh .-. right and- left. right Buttock point.. of the right buttock.. jawline. Cheilion. the bottom edge of skin at the corner of r. vertebra. along the the mouth. right and left: The Crinion: The lowest superior point of the point of the hairline AI lateral ends of the on the forehead in clavicle. LANDMARKS (cont'd) Buttock point. the chin. 21 . Clavicle poi.

Ear point: The -. axis. Dorsal juncture of the foot and leg. top: The highest from the head) of the right ear. I point of the right ear on its long axis. The lateral calf and thigh: The point of the right juncture between the deltoid muscle. i" ight of the right index and left: The tip of finger. 22 . the ankle when the Fai. LANDMARKS (cont'd) // DatlinIlrih Dactylion M: The tip .The knees and ankles are lowest point of the flexed about 30 right ear on its long degrees. bottom. The ) top of a skin crease/ between the right it foot and the front of it. Deltoid point.ac. right Dorsal juncture of the and left.Ear.-' r r lateral point (farthest v" . degrees. and right calf and thigh the margin of the left behind the knee ofa deltoid muscle at the subject sitting with -- level of the right the knee flexed 90 deltoid point. the middle finger.

right Ectocanthus: The and left.The outside corner of the posterior point on the right eye formed by frontal process of the . corner of the eye. the browridges. . protrusion! The right and left: The medial protrusion of point of deepest the right foot in the indentation of the region of the first temporal crest of the ___ metatarsophalangeal frontal bone above joint. Fifth metatarsophalangeal Elbow crease: The protrusion The skin crease on the lateral protrusion of inside of the right the right foot in the elbow joint when the region of the fifth elbow is flexed 90 metatarsophalangeal degrees. 23 . the meeting of the zygomatic bone at the upper and lower level of the outer eyelids. Gluteal furrow point:" Glabella: The The lowest point of anterior point on the the lowest furrow or frontal bone midway crease at the juncture between the bony of the right buttock browridges. LANDMARKS (ont'd) Ectoorbitale. First metatarophalangeal Frontotemporale. joint. and the thigh.

Infraorbitale. right and heel located at or left: The lateral . lateral and mediak The lateral and medial points of the right Gonion. inner thigh. kneecap of a seated gluteal furrow. behind the most point on the posterior protruding point of angle of the mandible the lateral malleolus (jawbone). I breasts with the torso. 24 . right \ Infrathyroid: The and left: The lowest .the thyroid cartilage eye socket. Inner thigh: A vertical line halfway between the front and back of the right Knee point. (outside ankle bone). 4--- Iliocristale: The highest palpable point of the right iliac crest of the pelvis. (Adam's apple). and The most protruding extending downward point of the right from the level of the 2. one half Inferior breast point: the distance between The inferior point of the anterior superior ) the juncture of the iliac and posterior lower of the two superior iliac spines. anterior. . inferior point in the anterior midsagittal plane of borderonof the point the bony .. LANDMARKS (cont'd) Heel point. subject.

4 25 . finger on the outer finger on the outer (I edge of the hand). patella (the kneecap). edge of the hand). standing and siting. (. ankle bone).Midshoulder: The Midpatella: The /.I--:. . chin). Medial malleolus: " / Menton: The inferior The medial point of point of the mandible the right medial in the midsagittal 4 ___ malleolus (inside plane (bottom of the .7.. right metacarpo. shoulder (acromion. right). Lateral Ltrlmlels Lateral malllolus: The lateral point of ij point of the right the right lateral 'I femoral epicondyle malleolus (outside (knee pivot point). ' I~ Metacarpale l: The Metacarpale V: The lateral point of the medial point of the right metacarpo. I I/ \' phalangel joint II (at phalangeal joint V (at J the base of the index 1 the base of the little . ankle bone). LANDMARKS (cont'd) Lateral femoral apicondyle. II ( ~lI( point on top of the right shoulder midway between the neck " anterior point halfway (right trapezius point) I between the top and and the tip of the ' bottom of the right . (:'C .

LANDMARKS (cont'd) Neck: anterior. T _ -. 115 degrees. 26 . point. of the nose. right lateral. and left Midspine: A line lateral: Anterior and I down the center of lateral points at the kA the back. bottom point on the center of and rear. The lowest the curvature of the and rearmost points right olecranon -- of the right elbow process with the with the elbow flexed elbow flexed about \--- 90 degrees. Posterior superior Otobasion superior / ifa pn:The posterior point of the The anterior superior ( crest of the right point of the juncture ilium. A dimple between the right ear normally overlies this and the head. Olecranon. base of the neck. center. Promenton: The Pronasale: The point anterior projection of of the anterior the soft tissue of the projection of the tip chin. A Oecranon.

Anterior scye on the Posterior diagonal torso: A short scye. the shoulder. P rr l Scye level at /midspine: A short right and left: A short . right and /'i"-h r and Posterior horizontal left: A short scye. 27 . -. . h t. right and left: A horizontal line short horizontal line . of the posterior anterior axillary fold. I horizontal line across vertical line on thethe vertcalrinetonga : . LANDMARKS (cont'd) Ptemion: The Radiule: The highest point on the outside 1 i posterior point of the edge of the right right heel.. Scye: Points on the upper arm and torso associated with the armhole of a garment.. . Posterior vertical scye. right and left: 0 horizontal line on the A diagonal line 2 \ torso originating at the connecting the apex apex of the right . at the apex of the i' posterior axillary fold. the spine at the level [ "- back originating at the " : of the Posterior apex of the posterior ofrthenPos teio axillary fold..bisecting the Posterior diagonal scyc on the back originating landmark. radius. axillary fold with the acromion the tip of landmark Anterior sqyeAon the short( on upper ar: i. horizontal line on the upper arm originating at the apex of the right anterior axillary fold. landmarks. .

Subuasale: The point of intersection of the / f 0. LANDMARKS (cont'd) Stomion: The point Sellion: The point of of intersection of the the deepest . in the midsagittal plane. J mouth is closed. Ij . inferior point of the jugular notch of the If right tenth rib sternum (top of the . Submandibular. 29I . in the right patella midsagittal plane. upper and lower lip depression of the in the midsagittal nasal bones at the top I plane when the of the nose.I (bottom of the rib breastbone). Suprasternalc: The Tenth rb: The inferior point of the . neck. (kneecap). of Styliont The lowest the lower jaw point of the bottom (mandible) and the of the right radius. philtrum (groove of AA the inferior surface of superior point of the the nose.j cage). The juncture.

right and highest point of the top left: Center of the of the right thigh of a nipple (on males). right left: The superior and left: The point at point on the juncture which the anterior of the cartilaginous border of the trapezius flap (trag. 29 . Tragion. standing subject. of the greater trochanter ofI greater trochanter of the right femur of a the right femur of a sitting subject. top: The Thelion. right and Trapezis point.) of the • muscle crosses the ear with the head. in the Frankfort plane.. seated subject. Trochantcr at the center Aofpoint the k. LANDMARKS (cont'd) Thigh point. lateral neck landmark.. Top of bead: The highest point on the Thumbtip: The tip of head when the head is the right thumb. / l\J lateral surface of the I superior poiv.: Trochantriort: The J" ..

the center of the navel. anterior and posterior. right and left The lateral point of the frontal bone on its zygomatic process. anterior if no single indentation and posterior. Level of the greatest indentation on the right side of the torso. Zygofrontle. right and left: the long axis of the The lateral point on arm. or half the distance between Waist (omphalion): 10th rib and Iliocristale right and left. LANDMARKS (wnt'd) Waist (natural indenta- tion): right and left. dorsal: A line across the back of the right wrist originating at -' the stylion landmark and perpendicular to Zygion. Wrist. 30 . the zygomatic arch. Level of is clear.

CHAPTER III THE SAMPLE In a very important sense. We refer to the second sample.g. armor and aviation) so that end-items of personal protective equipment can be designed around the anthropometry of individuals in those specific groups where meaningful differences between groups are found to exist. Two separate sampling plans were put into operation.S. in any case. For ease of reporting. The second sampling strategy was designed primarily to answer questions about overall body size differences between occupational subgroups. accurately and comprehensively represent the body size of the U. contain adequate numbers in specific occupational subgroups (e. .. The survey sample must: . as the screened sample. This approach eliminated the duplicate effort that would have resulted from two sampling plans operating independently. Army in the year 2000 and beyond. The decision about whom to measure directly affects the mean value. This short list of dimensions makes it practical to measure a much larger sample which is needed. the first sample is termed the measured sample. and therefore conducted only infrequently. the design of the sampling strategy is even more important because many needs must be met with a single survey. automated headboard data and hand photos were also obtained from these subjects. The sampling strategy for the ANSUR survey was devised with four not readily compatible objectives in mind. to obtain adequate representation from the many occupational categories that exist in the Army.S. The first was designed to obtain a data base that would meet the requirements of the first three objectives. . These individuals were measured only for stature and weight. The first three of these goals require the measurement of many anthropometric dimensions. Yet the designer of the sampling plan is pulled in many directions by various user groups who need samples specifically drawn for their own research or design needs. contain adequate numbers in various demographic subgroups to answer basic research questions about the nature of human variability by race and age. the standard deviation. the sampling strategy is the single most critical element of an anthropometric survey. designed to compare occupational subgroups. This chapter describes the development and implementation of each of these sampling plans. Individuals selected under this sampling strategy were measured for all 132 dimensions. The fourth objective can be met by measuring stature and weight only. which together are excellent descriptors of overall body size. 31 . subjects for the first sampling plan were recruited as a subset of those contained in the second sampling plan. . and all other statistical measures for each dimension measured. accurately and comprehensively represent the range of body sizes of current U. It should be noted that in the plans' implementation. Army personnel. which perforce limits the number of subjects who can reasonably be measured. Because a major anthropometric survey is such a monumental effort.

Age is a continuous dimension which means that within the age limits of the Army there are individuals of every age. The data summarized in this volume are from that working data base. 32 .6 Because of this influence. 4 . The combination of four age groups and five racial/ethnic categories yields a matrix of 20 sampling cells. race and age became the cornerstones of a stratified random sampling plan designed to select subjects representative of the Army population. for example. while not continuous. Because the sampling plan had to be functional in the field as well as theoretically sound. Hispanic. Army was unlikely to accurately represent the body size of the Army at points in the future unless the Army itself were to undergo no changes. Asian/Pacific Islander. One problem. Each of these goals might also be inconsistent with a sample containing enough men and women in various racial/ethnic/age groups to arswer questions of racial/ethnic/age variability. was that a sample representing the body size of the r-irrent U. The subset drawn to reflect the current (June 1988) Army is termed the working data base. The designated racial/ethnic groups were: White. Identical matrices were created for both males and females. both age and race were divided into discrete categories for sampling purposes. A subset of the pool could then be selected at any time (or at many times) after the survey to address the needs of a particular research question or to represent the Army at that time or in the foreseeable future.el Earlier work had shown that age and race are both extremely important in influencing body size and shape. can be divided into numerous categories.THE MEASURED SAMPLE The challenge to be met in designing a sampling plan that would produce data suitable for achieving three different objectives was the resolution of several apparently built-in conflicts. Age was divided into four groups: S20. were not used for the purpose of constructing sampling cells because much of the body size variability accounted for by those factors is already subsumed under age. and American Indian/Alaskan Native. 25-30. Our solution was to measure more individuals than are needed for any one goal and thereby create a pool of measured individuals. The Sampling_. Black. and >31 years. These are illustrated in Table 4. Other considerations wiich have been used in other surveys. Age was arbitrarily divided into quartiles since research showed that there were no biologically meaningful divisions that would pertain to all the measured variables in this survey. such as military rank or military occupation. Race/ethnicity. 21-24.S. .

because individuals in these categories occur at such low frequency in the current Army. it is extremely unlikely that any body size. In the field. 250 subjects was an unrealistic goal. Indeed. Army. or shape question would require consideration of all dimensions at once.S. Thus. For example. 250 (5 subjects times 50 variables) could be taken as a minimum number of subjects for each cell in the sampling strategy. This sampling goal essentially requires an adequate n in each cell to examine these issues. Such categories include Asian/Pacific Islanders and American Indian/Alaskan Natives of both sexes and all age groups. would only have achieved the first of the stated goals: to represent the current Army. showed approximately 200 American Indian females in the entire U. as well as by comparisons of means and percentiles. of course. To use such an approach here. A~though 132 dimensions were directly measured in this survey. 13 the most recent data available when the sampling strategy was devised. and Hispanic females. every effort was made to increase the sample in those 33 . to meet all the stated objectives by establishing cell size with respect to the most stringent goal--. however. therefore. however. in this case assembling a data base sufficient to address fundamental research questions about body size and proportion differences between age/race groups. Asian/ Am Ind/ White Black Hispanic Pac 1sl Alas Nat :S 20 yrs < 20 yrs < 20 yrs < 20 yrs S 20 yrs Asian/ AA Ind/ White Black Hispanic Pac Isl Alas Nat 21-24 yrs 21-24 yrs 21-24 yrs 21-24 yrs 21-24 yrs Asian/ Am Ind/ White Black Hispanic Pac Isl Alas Nat 25-30 yrs 25-30 yrs 25-30 yrs 25-30 yrs 25-30 yrs Asian/ Am Ind/ White Black Hispanic Pac 191 Alas Nat > 31 yrs > 31 yrs > 31 yrs > 31 yrs > 31 yrs The Sample Size The various goals of the overall sampling plan were considered to be best achieved by assigning an individual sample size to each sampling cell. In a strictly stratified random sample. Shape and proportion questions are often best answered by various multivariate techniques. We sought. Sampling Cells. For a number of the age/race categories. it is unlikely that an analyst would include more than 50 dimensions in a single analysis.hat is. the Army's December 1983 census. TABLE 4. Goals for the low frequency racial/ethnic groups were established by taking 10% of the December 1983 census from each of those groups and dividing the number evenly over the four age categories. the number of subjects (n) assigned to each cell would be in proportion to that cell's representation in the population as a whole. Gorsuch 12 suggests that a minimum acceptablc n for multivariate issues is five times the number of variables included in the analysis.

and within specific units on each post. Asian/ Am Ind/ Age White Black Hispanic Paci Isl Alas Nat < 20 yrs 250 250 250 50 25 21-24 yr. First. if the cells had been filled on the basis of available subjects. Second. at the posts where measuring took place. making it increasingly difficult to fill the remaining cells. Posts were chosen partly on the basis of their populations of individuals in each of the age/race categories and partly on the basis of particular occupations represented there. The final sampling goals for each of the cells are shown in Tables 5 and 6. it would easily have been possible to fill those sampling cells in the first few weeks of measuring. and this lack of diversity would have compromised the goals of the screening sample. This would have been unwise for two reasons. it would not have been possible to sample from a wide variety of occupational groups. Sampling Goals: Females. Because of the numerical frequency of Army personnel in certain age/race categories (specifically the younger Whites and Blacks). individuals from every occupational group sampled can generally be found in each of the sampling cells. Asian/ Am Ind/ Age White Black Hispanic Paci Isl Alas Nat 20 yrs 250 250 50 5 5 21-24 yrs 250 250 50 5 5 25-30 yrs 250 250 50 5 5 > 31 yrs 250 250 50 5 5 Implementation Data collection for the anthropometric survey took place over the course of a year. At each post. The approach used was a planned. Sampling Goals: Males.categories above the minimum level. The steady-filling method presupposed certain knowledge of the demographic distribution of individuals within the Army. TABLE 5. steady filling of each of the cells over the course of the entire year. In this way. 34 . the most populous cells would have been filled early. the availability of subjects in particular age/race cells dictated the choice of method for subject recruitment. 250 250 250 50 25 25-30 yrs 250 250 250 50 25 a 31 yrs 250 250 250 50 25 TABLE 6.

until the 5 individuals were selected. or of racial groups too infrequent in the U." While individuals of groups beyond the five racial/ethnic categories of interest were not specifically sampled. there were. individuals were selected randomly from each cell of the measured sample to fill the cells of the working data base. the proportion of Whites and Blacks was reduced appropriately to allow the continued selection of the low-frequency groups at 100%. Creating the working data base was a three-step process. used primarily at U. and workspaces. Although these individuals are too infrequent to consider specifically in a sampling strategy. Individuals not selected for measuring were not called to the survey at all. Army to be included in the sampling plan. respectively. Asian/Pacific Islanders and American Indian/Alaskan Natives (both sexes) as possible. Army in terms of age and racial/ethnic composition. the total size of the working data base was determined. The working data base was constructed so that its proportions in each cell would be equivalent to those of the total Army.S. 35 . Examples of such groups would be Arabian or Asian Indian. the computer always selected all subjects from those categories. personal protective equipment. sampling at 100% did not often result in large numbers of individuals. A second method. Group demographic information on the unit was used to determine what proportion of the unit's individuals in each cell would be needed for that session's measuring. made use of personnel printouts which contained information on race and age from each unit. The first method. to be demographically representative of the June 1988 U. individuals who did not fit into any of the above-named categories. because of the low frequency of these individuals in the Army as a whole. such as Black/White. a particular unit had 80 White males between the ages of 21 and 24. This method produced the large screened sample called for in the second sampling plan and provided subjects needed to fill the age/race cells required by the first sampling plan. of course. used primarily at Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) posts. This prjoess was carried out simultaneously for each of the categories. Tables 7 and 8 show the demographic distribution of males and females. The percentages of each category relative to the whole sample can be compared to corresponding percentages in the whole 1988 Army population 2 as shown in Tables 9 and 10. Finally. In units which had a higher-than-usual frequency of such personnel. First. The final measured sample consisted of 5. proportions of that total were taken to reflect Army percentages in each category as shown in Tables 9 and 10. The Working Data Base The working data base is a secondary sample. they are nevertheless in the Army and must be included when designing uniforms. was to screen complete units and select appropriate numbers of individuals to fill each of the cells. Because it was the goal of the sampling strategy to acquire as many Hispanic females. Even so. Note that all these tables contain a sixth racial/ethnic group labeled "Other. A portable personal computer was used to randomly select for full measurement every nth individual in a given category.491 females. Such individuals might be of mixed parentage. drawn after the data collection was completed. Therefore. If. specific individuals were selected randomly to meet sampling goals and then put on the roster for measuring. "Other" individuals were included in the creation of the working data base.S. and 5 of these individuals were needed to evenly fill that cell. In this approach. This method was undertaken to minimize the impact on training schedules with little flexibility.506 males and 3. Then.S. Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) posts. for example. then the computer would select the first White male between 21 and 24 and then every 16th one thereafter.

4 3.0 TOTALS Count 1.6 6.5 1.4 6.6 2..7 0.2 21-24 Count 418 365 281 96 35 155 1.6 6.8 0.580 % 11.506 % 35.7 4.7 TOTALS Count 1.4 3.8 9.3 .6 > 31 Count 639 367 295 182 12 85 1. Demographic Distribution of Meaured Males.4 6.2 0.0 1.1 1.6 25-30 Count 360 399 107 43 10 54 973 % 10.6 5.0 26.466 1.3 2.4 6.9 0.3 24.388 1.2 1.9 > 31 Count 343 330 71 42 8 44 838 % 9.7 0.4 2.3 1.5 8.0 21.363 337 140 48 215 3. American Asian/ Indian/ Pacific Alaskan Row Age White Black Hispanic Island Native Other Total < 20 Count 406 367 209 50 21 111 1.9 26.7 3.0 0.5 25-30 Count 516 367 290 122 20 97 1.6 &1 100.5 21-24 Count 363 338 106 32 20 69 928 % 10.9 0.350 % 7.5 28.2 0.164 % 7.8 24.2 0.8 25.2 8.7 5.4 21.412 % 9.2 100.0 9. American Asian/ Indian/ Pacific Alaskan Row Age White Black Hispanic Island Native Other Total < 20 Count 322 296 53 23 10 48 752 % 9. TABLE 7.0 36 .5 0.4 1.0 1.les.2 1. Demceyaphic Distribution of Measured Fer.0 TABLE 8.7 5.3 11.4 9.3 1.2 1.979 1.075 450 88 448 5.5 2.1 1.6 2.491 % 39.8 39.7 3.6 19.5 27.

898 3.536 0.607 10.550 630 4.280 3.788 0.904 100.801 25-30 Count 103.588 0.292 17.451 2.951 117.146 0. June 1988: Males.499 0.371 0.530 6.908 0.249 3.259 TOTALS Count 441.471 12.117 1.382 0.812 172.606 0.056 2.185 578 299 195 479 24.711 4.651 3.276 16.040 15.294 0.437 7.023 201.486 % 51.343 % 15. Demographic Distribution of the U.010 51. Demographic Distribution of the U.367 0.581 49.541 % 12.447 0.S.216 0.003" * Due to rounding.926 1.117 0.186 507 1.998* Due to rounding.209 25.325 > 31 Count 134.350 % 9. Army.953 6.613 21-24 Count 119.420 25.962 10.605 25.384 21-24 Count 12.S. June 1988: Females.873 25-30 Count 12.891 1.753 2.819 25.607 32. Asian/ Am Ind/ Row Age White Black Hispanic Paci Isl Alas Nat Other Total < 20 Count 7.101 0.137 0.463 5.632 4.801 46.436 667.342 0.232 681 347 119 495 26.513 26.456 0.420 7.588 29.011 0.023 2. TABLE 10.836 0.617 0.433 21.785 355 176 98 225 13.239 0.013 99.041 884 4.846 % 17.348 2.127 % 15.284 916 3.996 % 15.948 0.821 503 364 95 353 17.754 8.426 0.020 13.038 168.121 0.915 % 20.456 1.424 178.253 12.101 34.374 590 1.365 6.709 0.094 0.436 0.872 0.298 % 66.603 30.623 1.598 1.695 8.680 TOTALS Count 42. Asian/ Am Ind/ Row Ag-e White Black Hspanic Paci Isi Alas Nat Other Toal < 20 Count 84.088 0.206 0.168 7. TABLE 9. Army.132 0. 37 .706 1.066 > 31 Count 9.552 81.666 % 11.669 41.

The size of the working data base for females would be approximately 2. Calculating the size of each cell in the working data base was a simple matter of applying the percentages from Table 10 to the total size of 2. Calculation of Relative Cell Frequencies for White Females. were found to have data points (other than crinion and interpupillary dimensions) missing were eliminated from consideration. 38 .2 > 31 9.04% (from Column B or Table 10) and calculating the 100% value. 332*.049 11. for one reason or another. For females. Subjects with missing crinion and interpupillary data were retained so as not to truncate the distribution (see explanation on page 63). which is the size.040 68. The resulting cell sizes for females are shown in Table 12.132 percent of the total Army population (see Table 9). Although there are relatively few measured subjects in those cels they nevertheless represent larger proportions of the whole than do their counterparts in the Army population. Column C is created by dividing the values in Column A by the values in Column B.695 77. American Indian/Alaskan Native) were eliminated from consideration immediately.471 69. for this purpose. subjects who.1 25-30 10. In ident fying that lowest cell. In the case of the females.253 15. The size of the working data base was set by the sample cell with the lowest percentage relative to that cell's percentage in the June 1988 Army. * These figures differ from those found on Table 8 because.AI < 20 9. A B C Measured 1988 Sample* AM . That is.S.4 Column A indicates the relative frequencies of individuals in these categories in the measured data pool Column B lists the relative frequency of each cell in the June 1988 Army.686 15.207.2 percent of the total measured sample. setting that value equal to 15. in the current U.9 21-24 10.463 97. aged 25-30. Yet. When these calculations were carried out for all cells. the most divergent proportions show up among White subjects-specifically among White females aged 25-30. there are only 12 American Indian males over the age of 31 among the measured males (see Table 7).265 9.g. Army American Indian males of this age represent only 0. The size of the working data base for females was calculated using the number of individuals with complete anthropometric data in that cell.of the total working data base. the sample cells with low subject frequencies (e. the lowest value for Column C was found for White females. This represents 0.207. That cell was identified by calculating the relative cell L-equencies for each cell as shown in Table 11 below: TABLE 11. the lowest value thus calculated identified the cell to be used to set the size for the working data base.

due to the rounding which is necessary to eliminate "partial" individuals. When the sive of each cell in the working data base was determined.00 62.06 62. A computer program was developed to select the required number of individuals with complete anthropometric data from each cell in the measured pool.11 62.13 62. To guard against this possibility.re measured at the screening session before the subjects were selected for complete measurement. every subject was selected. indicating those dimensions which we.03 E 163.16 * Selected draw 39 . Female Working Data Base Cell Size. In the case of the White females aged 25- 30. TABLE 13.207. TABLE 12.13 C 163. Table 13 shows the means for stature and weight for the seven draws. Because a random selection is made for the other cells. however unlikely. Mean Stature and Weight for Female Working Data Base Selections. Note that the mcans used are for the variables field stature and field weight.08 62. and the program was structured in such a way that each individual in a given cll had an equal probability of being chosen. (n=2. that a single creation of the working data base might contain an unusually large number of heavy or tall subjects. of course. which is different from the projected sample size of 2.01 F 163.208.04 D* 163.07 62. Stature Weight Draw Mean Mean (cm) (kg) A 163.12 62.02 B 163.208) Asian/ Am Ind/ Age White Black Hispanic Paci Isl Alas Nat Other < 20 209 130 10 5 3 6 21-24 341 276 16 8 5 13 25-30 332 331 18 9 3 13 > 31 258 185 14 10 3 10 The total number of individuals in all cells is 2. it is always possible. we created seven working data bases and selected the one which had the middle mean for stature (of the seven stature means) and the middle mean for weight (of the seven weight means). creation of the data base was a simple matter. A random number generator was used.09 G 163. The asterisk indicates the draw which was chosen as the final working data base for females.

Validation was possible in the present survey because of the screened sample.59 150. To meet this goal.86 50th %ile 162.98 167. As a result.14 158. The final step in creating the working data base was to validate the selection.94 95th %ile 173.08 10th %ile 155. or illness.28 75th %ile 167. As with the working data base. One of the goals of the screened sample was that it should represent the total Army population in terms of overall body size. the sample was drawn seven times. Female Working Data Base Compared to Female Screening Sample: Stature.67 98th %ile 176.32 148.70 176.69 25th %ile 158.28 173. and FORSCOM screened individuals were randomly selected for appropriate cells to equal the demographic distribution of the June 1988 Army. types of units were screened in proportion to their frequency in the Army.83 162. whole units from FORSCOM posts were screened. Table 14 shows the mean.28 171. Table 15 shows similar values for weight.91 5th %ile 152.37 6.92 155.36 2nd %ile 150.12 SD 6. some of the screened units were not complete due to leave. TABLE 14. As it happened. if the working data base were similar to the screening sample in its measures of overall body size. measured by stature and weight.35 152. the FORSCOM screening sample as a whole was not as demographically representative of the total Army as had been originally hoped for. standard deviation. it did complicate efforts to use the screening sample as a gauge against which to measure the effectiveness of the working data base selection process. and selected percentiles of the female working data base and the female comparison screening sample for stature.21 40 .39 99th %ilt 178. It was thought that screening entire units would guarantee the demographic representation needed to assure anthropometric representation. Thus. and the middle draw (in terms of stature and weight) was selected as the one against which the working data base was compared. The solution to the dilemma was to create a representative screening sample from the total screening sample. While this did noi compromise the ability of that sample to meet its primary goal.55 1st %ile 148. temporary duty.45 90th %ile 171. then we might assume that dimensions other than stature and weight would also be representative of the Army as a whole. Working Screening Data Base Sample (cm) (cm) Mean 163.42 178. Exactly the same procedures as in the creation of the working data base were used.08 163.

73 98th %ile 81. Female Working Data Base Compared to Female Screening Sample: Weight. with a single exception. Therefore. The male working data base size was set by the cell containing Whites whose age was > 31 (n=357).54 85.00 76.00 It is clear from comparing the columns in both the stature and weight tables that the selection process for the female working data base worked extremely well.73 52. demographically distributed as shown in Table 16.28 45. it was drawn from a pool from which the Fort Rucker aviators were excluded. Note that not only are the means and standard deviations almost identical.774.02 90th %ile 73.18 1st %ile 45.94 2nd %ile 47.37 46.63 67.50 61.07 49. Aviators are represented in the working data base and in the screening data base without Fort Rucker data because aviation units at other posts were sampled in approximate proportion to their representation in the Army as a whole. The same general procedure was followed to create the male working data base. Fort Rucker was included among the posts at which data were collected.27 73. At the special request of the Army's aviation community.39 50th %ile 61.61 5th %ile 49.81 81. 41 .19 99th %ile 85.27 25th %ile 56.08 62.33 8. when the male working data base was drawn. increased the proportion of aviators in the measured sample well beyond their proportion in the Army as a whole.93 95th %ile 76. The inclusion of the Fort Rucker subjects. it was validated against a screening sample from which the Fort Rucker aviators were excluded. however. It is therefore quite safe to consider this data base as representative of the females in the Army as a whole.13 75th %ile 67.24 SD 8. The data base size after rounding was 1. This resulted in a good set of anthropometric data around which designs for the aviation community can be made. when the working data base was validated against the screening sample. Working Screening Data Base Sample (kg) (kg) Mean 62. This figure is considerably smaller than the cell count shown in Table 7 and largely the result of deleting the Fort Rucker aviators. but even the lowest and highest percentiles are very close.03 13th %ile 52. TABLE 15. Similarly.19 56.

75 98th %il.75 SD 6.11 175.15 162.23 25th %ile 171.66 90th %ile 184.73 6. Table 17 shows selected statistics comparing field stature from the working data base with field stature from the male screening sample which was restructured to reflect June 1988 demographics.774) American Asian/ Indian/ Pacific Alaskan White Black Hispanic Island Native Other < 20 224 67 10 4 2 5 21-24 318 123 16 6 2 9 25-30 273 136 19 7 2 11 > 31 357 132 23 11 6 11 The selection uf the male working data base was validated in the same way as that of the femaie working data base. (n--1.88 175.83 167. Male Working Data Base Cell Size.62 187.91 5th %ile 164.79 160. Working Screening Data Base Sample (cm" (cm) Mean 175. Table 18 shows the validation for field weight.40 99th %ile 191.24 189. and from which the Fort Rucker sample was deleted. TABLE 17.57 1st %ile 160. 190.58 180. TABLE 16. Male Working Data Base Compared to Male Screening Sample: Stature.19 171.46 75th %ile 180.26 184.30 2nd %ile 162.79 50th %ile 175.13 191.11 95th %ile 187.98 42 .08 164.25 10th %ile 167.

as in the case for the females.75 65.63 58. by extension. before being measured for any dimension. TABLE 18. the working data base is representative of the restructured screening sample and. Tables 21 and 22 show rank and grade.75 78.78 85. Each subject. and officer groups.25 103. respectively. Note that Table 23 is based on complete years. when combined with measured stature and weight data.70 107. serarated into enlisted.24 99th %ile 109. should be viewed with Table 30. Tables 19 and 20 show the distribution of duty location and military component in the working data base. Selected summary statistics and percentiles for height and weight. a listing of racial categories. warrant officer. Vision correction. respectively.60 SD 11. Table 29.14 2nd %ile 58.77 77.42 93.47 Note that. and the eye used for sighting a weapon are covered in Tables 32 and 33. while Table 23 displays years of service. which shows the distribution of all the ethnic groups (self-identified) in the working data base.99 50th %ile 77. Handedness.02 25th %le 70.31 95th %ile 98. The birthplace of each individual is summarized in Table 31.52 90th %ile 93. These data.00 11. which shows a distribution by age at last birthday. Characteristics of the Working Data Base Tables and figures at the end of this chapter (pages 45-62) show a number of characteristics of the working data base.11 98.29 10th %ile 64. the Army as a whole. Male Working Data Base Compared to Male Screening Sample: Weight. Table 24 is a breakout by branch of service. is shown in Tables 34 and 35.12 55. 43 . both estimated and measured.81 75th %ile 85.94 71. are useful in assessing the value of questionnaire surveys of body size. as determined by preferred hand for writing or firing a weapon.96 5th %le 61. Personal characteristics of the individuals in the working data base are shown beginning with Table 28.72 98th %ile 104.46 1st %le 56.51 61. Working Screening Data Base Sample (kg) (kg) Mean 78. was asked to estimate his/her height and weight. are shown in Tables 36 and 37. and Tables 25 through 27 show listings of military occupation specialty (MOS) category.

a new technical report describing that working data base will be issued.31 kg fat females. The data for these individuals include stature and weight as well as the full set of biographical survey information. and that generally used at FORSCOM posts. The critical aspect of sampling was to obtain access to appropriate groups so that they would be represented in the final screened sample. by 1. it provided a very broad occupational representation of the entire Army. 25. The data collected on the entire measured sample remain available to the Army for use when demographic changes suggest the need for creating another working data base. Both men and women tended to slightly overestimate their own height. judging by the mean values. The estimated male mean is 1. First.597 females--were screened. stature and weight data provide adequate anthropometric information. A separate technical report on the screening sampling strategy and the sample itself is in preparation.811 subjects--19. The result of this screening process was twofold. was to call entire units to the survey site. The primary method. individuals in this survey underestimated their own weight. At such time. For these questions. but the kinds and numbers of units called were determined by the frequency of that type of unit in the Army as a whole. The specific units called were chosen for their ability to furnish individuals in specific age and racial/ethnic categories. The screened sample was acquired using two methods.02 kg for males. and VI. 44 . The secondary method used in acquiring the screening sample was to roster selected individuals on the basis of their attachment to a certain unit and on their age and race. The working data base is described anthropometrically in Chapters IV. In all. and 1. but was also used to supplement the unit screening at FORSCOM posts when individuals were unable to attend the screening session for their unit.214 males and 6. it contributed markedly to the success of the recruitment for the measured sample since large numbers of individuals were physically accessible at the start of each measuring session. THE SCREENED SAMPLE The screened sample was designed to allow assessment of questions about overall body size differences between occupational subgroups within the army. For weight. Second. V. This approach was generally wed at TRADOC posts.33 cm greater than the measured male mean.

1 Hood 417 18.741 98.208 100.0 0 0.4 286 16.0 1.2 TOTALS 2.2 245 13.2 Bragg 270 12.5 23 1.1 3 .7 Missing Data 3 .6 Campbell 140 6.3 TOTALS 2.7 287 16.2 Ord 181 8.119 96.2 266 15. TABLE 19.774 100.0 45 .0 64 3.208 99.774 100.8 Lewis 229 10. Females Males Frequencv Percent Freauency Percent Regular Army 2. Females Males Fort Frequency Percent Frequenc.7 0 0. Distribution by Military Component.0 Rucker 67 3.9 1.0 Dix 254 11.0 Stewart 215 9.0 TABLE 20.8 Gordon 177 8. Distribution by Duty Location.0 .9 369 20.9 30 1. Percent McClellan 66 3.1 Army Reserve 86 3.ackson 192 8.3 234 13.0 1.0 0 0.

8 49 2.2 39 2.0 46 .8 Warrant Officer 2 5 .9 224 12.1 Warrant Officer 1 1 .1 Missing Data 1 .0 14 .8 Warrant Officer 4 0 .0 Captain 112 5.5 686 31.1 First Sergeant 6 .7 115 6.3 TOTALS 2.0 Staff Sergeant 219 9.2 2 .7 10 .3 221 12. TABLE 21.7 54 3.5 128 7.1 19 1.0 14 .0 5 .0 6 .1 455 25.0 1 .1 15 .208 100. Females Males Feunc Percent FEuen Percent Private 1 84 3.5 Private First Class 271 12. Distribution by Rank.0 6 3 Second Lieutenant 52 2.1 49 2.0 1.0 1 .4 15 .6 Colonel 0 .8 lieutenant Colonel 16 .6 Master Sergeant Sergeant Major 0 .3 Command Sergeant Major 0 .2 Warrant Officer 3 1 .8 First Lieutenant 104 4.8 Private 2 147 6.8 22 1.6 Sergeant First Class 55 2.3 283 16.2 Sergeant 381 17.774 100.6 Specialist 4 Corporal 18 .3 29 1.8 Major 47 2.

8 W02 5 .6 06 0 .2 E5 382 17.774 100.9 1.1 15 .8 04 47 2.5 127 7.2 E8 8 .7 10 .1 49 2.7 50 2.7 E9 0 .8 E2 149 6.9 225 12.7 114 6.0 14 .208 99.5 E4 705 31.8 W04 0 .3 221 12.0 03 112 5.0 6 .8 02 103 4.0 7 .2 W03 1 .7 E7 55 2.2 39 2.8 05 16 .9 482 27.4 WOl 1 .3 283 16.0 1 . Distnibution by Grade.7 54 3.1 47 .4 E3 271 12.0 E6 218 9.1 TOTALS 2.4 48 2.0 14 .4 15 .3 01 53 2. Females Males Frequency Percent Frequency Percent El 82 3. TABLE 22.

0 215 12.1 2 331 15.1 9 92 4.7 49 2.0 26 0 . Years Females Males Comple Frequency percent Frequency Percent 0 331 15.7 66 3.2 29 -0 A 2 1 TOTALS 2.8 39 2.0 1.6 81 4.0 9 .8 19 4 .8 32 1.3 55 3.7 21 1 .2 25 1 .5 22 0 .1 1 371 16.1 20 0 .2 41 2.7 48 .6 206 11.0 6 .208 100.6 4 146 6.6 110 6.4 52 2.0 13 .2 38 2.0 4 .7 38 2.3 23 0 .8 268 15.0 6 .3 24 0 .6 6 109 4.774 99. TABLE 23.0 11 52 2.0 179 10.0 0 .0 16 17 .8 13 38 1. Distribution by Years of Service.7 8 117 5.9 12 37 1.1 14 32 1.9 15 16 .7 54 3.2 5 102 4.0 7 103 4.3 10 63 2.0 3 .9 71 4.8 18 15 .7 32 1.9 54 3.2 17 17 .1 3 213 9.4 51 2.

Distribution by Branch of Service.1 90 5.208 100.4 5 .0 Dentac 4 .0 Air Defense Artillery 10 .7 1 .3 66 3.7 0 .7 Aviation-Other 89 4.1 49 .7 USAG 52 2.4 59 3.0 74 4.9 41 2.6 81 4.1 91 5.7 Armor 7 .7 Ordnance 74 3.2 Medical 129 5.4 Maintenance 114 5.6 Supply 63 2.2 Supply and Transport 9 .4 23 1.1 Band 6 .1 Infantry 82 3.1 Transportation 79 3.2 1.3 2 .2 105 5.1 Chemical 11 . Percent Frequency Percent AG 37 1.2 Finance 48 2.2 Quartermaster 45 2.7 General Supply 26 1.7 48 2.5 46 2.2 30 1.0 Signal 212 9.2 0 .4 22 1.1 39 2. Females Males Frequent.9 Meddac 406 18.1 Military Police 60 2.3 TOTALS 2.6 Defense Language Ins 67 3.2 18 1.3 Field Artillery 0 . TABLE 24.6 137 7.0 111 6.8 159 9.0 18 1.0 Engineer 21 1.6 126 7.0 Military Intelligence 90 4.3 Supply and Service 36 1.3 PSC 69 3.774 100.0 18 1.5 65 3.6 39 2.0 58 3.3 Tenant Units 15 .0 Headquarters and Rep 300 13.3 Aviation-Pilots 47 2.7 202 11.

1 0 .1 4 .5 Combat Equipment Repair 63 105 5.0 53 3.0 52 3.2 17 1.1 0 .4 Air Defense Artillery 16 2 .1 50 . Distribution by MOS of Enlisted PersonneL Females Males MOS Classification MOS Frequency Percent Frequency Peent Miscellaneous 0 8 .4 24 1.7 Electric Utility Maim 52 18 1.0 1 . TABLE 25.8 45 2.3 0 .0 Aircraft Tech Inspector 66 0 .0 47 3.1 Parachute Rigger/Repairer 43 10 .2 Personnel 75 200 10.1 0 .1 Band 2 7 .0 Not Listed 7 1 .1 Computer Repair 34 1 .7 49 3.5 14 .5 Aircraft Repair 68 8 .9 Communications Equip Repair 32 1 .7 15 1.0 4 .1 92 5.3 Construction Engineering 51 3 .6 Construction Equipment Operation 62 4 .0 Infantryman 11 0 .3 Helicopter Repair 67 8 .1 31 2.1 0 .9 30 1.0 Optical/Dental Lab Spec 42 3 .1 Misc Clerical 71 297 15.1 Radar Repair 26 1 .0 Communications/Electr Operation 31 114 6.2 1 .9 Telecommunications Operator 72 22 1.2 4 .0 1 .3 Armament Repair 45 6 .5 11 .4 1 .3 Communications/Electr Maint 29 13 .4 3 .1 Physical Activites Spec 3 4 .4 16 1.6 139 8.2 Biological Sciences Asst 1 0 .1 0 .2 Office Equip/Instrument Repair 41 1 .0 Field Artillery 13 0 .0 Electronic Equipment Maint 35 15 .3 Chemical Operations 54 15 .3 3 .1 2 .5 Combat Engineer 12 0 .0 195 12.4 3 .4 Pershing Electronics Repair 21 1 .4 9 .4 16 1.7 Telecommunications 36 28 1.1 Finance 73 59 3.7 Automatic Data Processor 74 8 .0 Armor Crew 19 0 .2 24 1.9 Automatic Test Equip Maint 39 6 .7 Metal Worker 44 2 .0 Miscellaneous 57 7 .4 32 2.0 Defense Systems Maintenance 27 4 .0 Electron Warfare/Intercept Maint 33 1 .2 0 .9 Ordnance 55 8 .0 Missile Maintenance 24 0 .1 0 .2 27 1.3 4 .0 Electronic Intelligence-Radio 5 6 .2 26 1.0 69 4.8 11 .9 Transportation 64 8 .

TABLE 25.1 Surveyor 82 0 ..7 93 6.2 46 3.5 4 .5 127 8.2 Petroleum and Water 77 28 1.2 Military Police 95 41 2.0 51 .0 Public Affairs/IV 84 2 .5 3 .4 Medical Specialist 91 257 13.0 1 .4 Military Intelligence 97 10 .0 Motor Tranport Operator 88 73 3.1 0 .1 Food Service 94 62 3.9 Not Listed 78 1 .557 100.1 0 .5 30 1.2 Missing .3 1 .0 Medical Lab Specialist 92 28 1.5 22 1..1 Photo Layout & Printing 83 1 ..2 Aviation Operation 93 17 .0 1.1 0 . 0 .0 Drafting and Illustrating 81 6 .0 TOTALS 1.0 Military Intelligence 96 9 .9 35 2. Continued Females Males MOS Classification MOS Frequency Percent Freuency Percent Supply 76 272 14.3 Electronic Warfare Operation 98 55 2. 3 2 .3 18 1.9 2 .9 100 6.870 100.

0 2 2.6 1 1.7 Maintenance Tech 630 0 .0 73 100.0 52 .0 1 1.3 2 2.0 32 43.0 1 1.4 General Supply Tech 761 1 14.0 Helicopter Pilot 100 0 . Distribution by MOS of Warrant Officers.0 1 1. Females Males MOS Classification MOS Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Physician Asst 11 1 14.4 Food Inspection Tech 51 1 14.0 2 2.3 0 .4 Food Service Tech 41 0 .3 2 2.0 1 1.7 CID Special Agent 951 0 .4 Rotary Wing Pilot 152 0 .7 Communication Equip Rep Tech 286 0 .8 Rotary Wing Pilot 153 1 14.4 Traffic Analysis Tech 982 2 28.0 1 1.0 2 2.0 1 1.0 1 1.0 2 2.3 11 15.0 1 1.0 1 1.4 Engineer Equip Repair Tech 621 0 .0 6 8.7 Health Care Delivery 15 0 .3 0 .0 Field Artillery Elect Maint 213 0 .0 1 1.1 Rotary Wing Pilot 154 1 14.4 TOTALS 7 100.4 Armored Cavalry System Tech 915 0 .2 Military Personnel Tech 711 0 .4 Armament Repair Tech 421 0 . T BLE 26.4 Hawk Missile System Tech 223 0 .0 1 1.7 Support Supply Tech 762 0 .4 Air Drop Equip Tech 921 0 .4 Telecommunication Tech 290 0 .7 Interrogation Tech 973 0 .

3 Armor 12 0 .4 3 2.6 2 1.9 1 .0 Research & Development 51 1 .0 22 15.6 1 .2 4 2.6 2 1.3 1 .0 Army Nurse Corps 66 137 41. 2 . TABLE 27.4 TOTALS 331 100.8 Signal Corps 25 21 6.8 Military Police Corps 31 14 4.5 0 .8 Finance Corps 44 8 2. 11 0 .0 1 .9 Field Artillery 13 0 .2 4 2.4 Corps of Engineer 21 4 1.5 Transportation Corps 93 17 5.2 Air Defense Artillery 14 6 1.6 Transportation Officer 88 1 .7 Medical Corps 61 2 .8 5 3.5 7 4.1 5 3.7 28 19.7 Chaplain 56 0 .3 4 2.7 Ordnance Corps 91 18 5.0 4 2. Distribution by MOS of Commissioned Officers.4 0 .9 Aviation 15 9 2.0 1 .7 Infantry.8 2 1.9 Personnel Management 41 2 .9 11 7.1 1 .3 1 .8 7 4.0 53 . Females Males MOS Classification MOS Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Combat Arms Immaterial 2 0 .5 Missing .2 8 5.4 Chemical Corps 74 4 1.0 6 4.7 Legal 55 3 .7 Medical Corps 60 7 2.0 10 6.0 1 .7 Army Medical Specialist Corps 65 15 4.4 Adjutant General Corps 42 10 3.1 Quartermaster Corps 92 16 4.0 144 100.7 Dental 63 0 .8 Military Intelligence 35 15 4.4 Medical Service Corps 67 13 3.4 2 1.6 Medical Service Corps 68 6 1.

9 62 3.8 100 5.208 99.4 38 19 .1 2 .5 22 149 6. Distribution by Age.2 4 .9 61 3.9 29 103 4.0 50 1 .8 43 4 .4 31 64 2.1 102 5.5 44 5 .9 23 176 8.7 141 7.2 33 64 2.5 42 2.3 27 133 6.0 0 .2 9 . Females Males Freuuency Percent Frequency Percent 17 0 .2 8 .2 15 .8 42 2.7 70 3.4 32 82 3.3 156 8.0 133 7.2 4 .0 98 5.2 20 184 8.0 51 0 .7 59 3.7 28 103 4.0 4 .0 40 19 .9 36 43 1.1 18 47 2.5 37 33 1.6 26 142 6.0 1 .9 51 2.774 99.1 48 1 .9 29 1.2 49 1 .4 94 5.0 128 7.6 41 13 .6 42 5 .6 36 2.7 56 3.9 1.1 27 1.5 19 132 6.5 34 62 2.5 45 4 .0 0 .4 39 13 .9 42 2.2 46 4 .7 25 151 6.6 28 1.4 35 41 1.2 47 2 .4 60 3.5 24 179 8.8 21 155 7.3 30 74 3. TABLE 28.1 TOTALS 2.0 1 .0 65 3.9 44 2.9 54 .

7 Mixed/Other 42 1.140 51.208 99.8 Hispanic 58 2.8 Asian/Pacific Island 32 1.6 1. Distribution by Race.172 66.6 American Indian/Alaskan 14 .4 28 1. Females Males Frequency Percent FEueny Percent White 1.6 68 3.9 1.774 100.8 458 25.0 55 .9 36 2.0 TOTALS 2. TABLE 29.6 12 .1 Black 922 41.

2 Chinese 1 .0 Guyanese 1 .0 4 .9 27 1.1 Japanese 7 .0 27 1.0 2 .0 Chicano 0 .5 Hindu 0 .0 0 .0 0 .1 Hispanic American 9 .1 Barbadian 1 .1 CARIBBEAN ISLANDERS Antiguan 0 .0 1 .3 Korean 1 .5 Nicaraguan 0 .3 6 .4 7 .0 2 .1 Colombian 2 .0 1 . Distribution by Ethnicity.2 CENTRAL AND SOUTH ANMERICAN Argentinian 1 .0 Trinidadian 2 .0 Virgin Islander 1 .2 1 .8 4 . TABLE 30.1 0 .0 2 .1 2 .0 West Indian 18 .0 1 .1 Iranian 1 .1 0 .0 1 .0 0 .0 2 .1 Panamanian 4 .0 1 .0 Jamaican 11 .0 0 .1 Cuban 1 .0 3 .0 Syrian 0 .1 56 .1 Ecuadoran 1 .0 1 .1 Dominican 2 .1 ASIAN Asian American 1 .0 0 .7 9 .0 1 .5 4 .0 1 .1 Persian 1 .1 Filipino 16 .5 Santo Domingan 1 .0 Iraqi 0 .1 jordan:-n 0 .2 Puerto Rican 19 .0 1 .0 0 . Females Mades Frequency Percent Frequency Percent ARABIAN Arab 0 .4 Mexican American 23 1.1 East Indian 0 .0 1 .2 Vietnamese 1 .

2 Russian 0 .6 Portuguese 1 .1 Portuguese German 1 .3 Scots 6 .0 Scots-Irish 8 .1 2 .0 0 .1 Finnish 3 .5 Polish 23 1.5 5 .4 German 168 7.4 9 .1 Scandinavian 10 .1 0 .0 Norwegian 9 .1 French 21 1.0 0 .1 Dutch 9 . Crucian 1 .5 24 1.4 10 .0 0 .0 0 .0 1 .0 1.0 1.0 Spanish 1 .1 French Puerto Rican 0 .4 2 .0 Austrian 1.1 1 .1 Greek 3 .1 Swedish 10 .1 German Polynesian 1 .1 Yugoslavian 1 .0 3 .4 European 6 .0 0 .1 6 .0 10 .4 English 31 1.0 Ukranian 0 .1 Welsh 2 .0 1.0 1 .1 Danish 3 .0 Czech 9 .6 Italian 34 1.3 2 .0 0 .1 Hungarian 3 .1 Slovak 1 .0 Black German 0 .4 Lithuanian 2 . Belgian 1.0 1 .0 2 .0 1 .1 2 .0 25 1.0 57 .0 1 .3 Irish 80 3.0 1 . Continued Females Males Feqgueny Percent Frequency Percent EUROPEAN Armenian 1 .6 143 8.4 61 3. Croatian 0 .3 18 1.4 7 .0 1 .0 0 . TABLE 30.6 Swiss 1 .1 2 .1 MIXED/OTHER Black English 1 .0 Jewish 0 .6 Sicilian 1 .5 11 .6 81 4.

0 1 .0 0 .0 1 .3 TOTALS 2.0 0 .1 Lumbee 2 .5 6 .1 Cajun 0 .2 Apache 0 .0 1 .0 58 .4 2 .0 0 .5 849 47.0 Kiowa 0 .0 0 .1 Iroquois 1 . TABLE 30.0 Minominee 1 .1 Oneida Otoe 1 .2 Missing 10 .1 American Indian 1 .0 1 .2C° 100.0 1.0 1 .1 NORTH AMERICAN.0 4 .1 Navajo 3 .0 Crow 1 .3 3 .774 100.0 1 .1 PACIFIC ISLANDERS Chomorro 0 .3 342 19.1 French Canadian 8 .1 0 .0 Sac and Fox 1 .0 3 .0 Sioux 2 .1 Samoan 6 .1 2 . Continued Females Males Frequency Percent Frequency Percent NATIVE AMERICAN Acoma 0 .0 Native American 0 .1 2 .0 1 .0 0 .0 1 .0 Pueblo 1 .0 1 .1 Papago 0 .0 0 .1 2 .0 1 .1 Blackfoot Cherokee 1 .3 Canadian 1 .0 Eskimo 0 .0 1 .1 Marshallese 0 .2 Chippewa 1 .0 0 .1 Guamanian 3 .9 Black American 761 35. NOT NATIVE AMERICAN American 805 36.1 Cherokee 1 .

5 Kansas 17 .5 Delaware 7 .1 23 1.6 Arkansas 24 1.3 112 6.1 North Dakota 9 .7 8 .5 6 .2 5 .4 Illinois 89 4.3 North Carolina 109 4.2 62 3.1 California 105 4.0 Connecticut 20 .7 Kentucky 33 1.0 12 .6 Michigan 89 4.3 Missouri 38 1.8 9 .3 4 .1 4 .5 14 . Distribution by Birthplace.7 31 1.3 District of Columbia 21 1.2 41 2.9 9 .3 Iowa 26 1.7 Oklahoma 10 .2 26 1.6 Hawaii 5 .5 Tennessee 41 1.6 Rhode Island 5 .7 29 1.7 Nevada 6 .0 31 1.4 Florida 84 3.8 76 4.3 South Dakota 15 .9 35 2.5 Maryland 43 1.5 Colorado 20 .9 17 1.4 Indiana 47 2.6 Massachusetts 37 1.1 Utah 6 .3 6 .0 Texas 88 4.7 Montana 10 .0 7 .7 New Mexico 10 .8 115 6.7 11 .2 9 .5 Alaska 3 .1 41 2. Females Males Fraueney Percent Frequency Percent Alabama 71 3.3 New Jersey 45 2.4 28 1.5 28 1.2 New Hampshire 5 .3 Nebraska 22 1.5 59 .3 Georgia 78 3.8 12 .0 78 4.2 12 .9 Pennsylvania 120 5.5 5 .5 82 4.1 20 1.7 37 2.4 Minnesota 37 1.9 73 4.6 16 .4 81 4.7 Idaho 2 .1 7 .3 Ohio 99 4.4 5 .6 Louisiana 52 2.0 78 4.5 83 4.8 Oregon 14 .2 Arizona 15 .6 Maine 17 .3 New York 139 6.9 29 1. TABLE 31.5 South Carolina 71 3.0 72 4.3 8 .1 Mississippi 69 3.

1 1.774 100.0 Wyoming 3 .5 8 .6 33 1.1 2 .2 60 .7 Not available 5 .6 9 .3 4 .5 Europe 34 1.208 100.5 35 2.2 .2 5 .1 Wisconsin 55 2.3 West Indies 40 1.1 Virginia 83 3.2 Central America 13 . TABLE 31.1 Africa 1 .5 South America 5 .2 2 .9 20 1.5 37 2.0 1 .1 TOTALS 2.7 Washington 35 1.0 23 1.3 Canada 6 .1 Asia 21 1.1 Pacific Islands 10 .8 66 3. Continued Females Males Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Vermont 4 .9 West Virginia 20 ._1 .8 31 1.

208 100.1 1.0 61 .1 1 .1 TOTALS 2. Females Males Frequency Percent Fequengy Percent Right 1.2 3 .0 TABLE 35.0 1.3 1.2 202 11. Females Males Frequency Percent frequen Percent Right 1.6 Missing Data 3 .7 60 3.774 100.688 76.7 Prescription Contacts 116 5.7 1.6 1.0 473 26.1 TOTALS 2.2 TOTALS 2.208 100.3 2 .7 192 10.Weapon.Writing.1 Both 315 14.4 Missing Data 7 .7 Left 410 18.958 88.208 100.5 Prescription Glasses 685 31.4 Either 21 1.0 TABLE 34.1 TABLE 33.9 Left 226 10.9 Left 258 11. Distribution by Handedness .0 11 . Distribution by Vision Correction.1 1 .6 Missing Data 4 . Females Males Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Right 1.4 1.774 100. Distribution by Handedness .6 57 3.3 19 1.1 TOTALS 2.8 Either 103 4.524 85.2 Missing Data 3 . Females Males Frequency Percent Frequency Percent Neither Glasses nor Contacts 1.6 245 13.3 81 4. TABLE 32.467 82.0 1.560 87.8 Either 35 1.088 49.0 1.774 100.208 100. Distribution by Sighting .198 67.912 86.774 100.Weapon.

08 Mean 177.20 1st %tile 55.01 10th %tile 64.77 62.10 74.64 167.61 48.45 160.56 162.04 54.00 Maximum 210.40 .78 150.20 60.39 99th %tile 195.99 49.25 97.30 Range 66.60 71.80 175.61 57.73 1.37 Std Dev 7.13 82.02 161.00 65.61 11.00 95th %tile 190.10 95.80 176.86 148.50 .72 171.34 56.50 .01 1.40 75th %tile 180.20 165.18 167.88 6. Comparison of Estimated and Measured Height (in cm).10 124.48 155.00 8.00 Minimum 48.24 TABLE 37.01 Kurtosis .33 61.30 .26 46.34 178.79 98th %tile 101.86 150.88 44.31 71.26 174. Females Males Estimated Measured Estimated Measured 60.60 25th %tile 172.82 204.57 Kurtosis .75 7.33 107.08 55.20 25th %tile 70.77 67.70 90th %tile 91.00 Maximum 126.33 Std Dev 10.60 200.40 90th %tile 187.32 .33 6.60 180.49 72.58 191.96 184.68 99th %tile 104.38 .24 61.10 157.72 171.83 104.71 5th %tile 61. Comparison of Estimated and Measured Weight (in kg).07 .30 154.24 .84 77.08 48.40 50th %tile 77.78 2nd %tile 57.63 93.40 172.00 44.45 45.94 153.40 98th %tile 193.62 42.07 98.68 55.73 78.30 .00 50th %tile 177.30 2nd %tile 162.08 Mean 77.10 163.27 10th %tile 167.00 Minimum 144.00 5th %tile 165.69 6.38 81.25 175.80 51.15 Skewness .11 78.34 180.TABLE 36.40 86.86 65.74 163.80 Range 78.53 Skewness .00 95th %tile 97.26 52.00 149.60 175.04 189.60 1st %tile 160.55 84.30 62 .85 170.10 75th %tile 83.13 177.78 143. Females Males Estimated Measured Estimated Measured 164.02 158.45 .50 187.92 85.10 165.07 149.02 76.96 8.00 144.66 187.64 55.50 55.66 79.27 46.

These result from a limitation in the range of the pupillometer. all measurements were taken on the right side unless otherwise specified or in the rare cases where an injury or anatomical abnormality made it necessary to measure on the left side. All measurements were made to the nearest millimeter.1 kilogram. Because the number of those missing is so small. This occurs because values in these tables are not listed beyond two decimal places.00 standard error (SE) values for some means and standard deviations.774 males. A visual index. CHAPTER IV THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS One hundred thirty-two directly measured dimension? were obtained in this survey using traditional measuring instruments and methods. 63 . Users of these data will note . The male mean increased by 0. The practical effects of the limited range of the pupillometer are thus inconsequential. and percentile values for male and female subjects. but the remaining percentiles were unchanged. which was capable of measuring from 52 mm to 76 mm. while the calculated male mean will be smaller than the true mean. summary statistics.. Where there was a choice of right or left. while the standard deviation increased by 0. Nonmeasurable (i. The calculated female mean will be larger than the true mean. designed to assist the reader in locating particular dimensions whose names may be unfamiliar. thus measurements involving this landmark were not taken on some subjects. the magnitude of these differences is quite small. Completing this section are the data pages. and the standard deviation by 0. There are four missing values (three male and one female) for Interpupillary Breadth.e. Crinion (the widow's peak) cannot be located on bald subjects or those with receding hairlines. Weight was taken to the nearest 0. appears on the following pages. using a sliding caliper. In order to get an estimate of the magnitude. Two additional females have missing data due to medical conditions which prevented the measurement of Interpupillary Breadth. The percentiles were unchanged. which include brief measurement descriptions. This subject's value is recorded as 78 mm and is not considered missing. The calculated standard deviation and variance for both sexes will be smaller than the true standard deviation and variance. are tabulated on the ensuing pages. The 1st percentile was decreased by 1 mm.01 mm. The female mean decreased by 0. the eyes of a few subjects were too close together or too far apart to be accommodated by the device used to measure this variable. and frequency tables.05 mm. It will also be noted that for crinion and interpupillary measurements the numbers of subjects are slightly below 2. however. but this was measured in the traditional way. One male had a measured value of 78 mm. The three males had an Interpupillary Breadth which was larger than 76 mm. The calculated female 1st percentile will be greater than the true 1st percentile. missing) values at the ends of the distribution have a predictable effect on the summary statistics.02 mm. standard deviations.208 females and 1. and the female had a value which was smaller than 52 mm. percentile tables. 10 Summary statistics.01 mm. and the calculated male 99th percentile will be smaller than the true 99th percentile. In the case of Interpupillary Breadth. Detailed illustrated instructions for making these measurements can he found in the Measurer's Handbook. Frequency tables for each dimension are also given. we recalculated the summary statistics after substituting 80 mm (the upper limit of the instrument plus one standard ueviation) for the male missing values and 48 mm (the lower limit of the instrument minus one standard deviation) for the female missing value. including means.

SITTING (53) FOREARM-FOREARM BREADTH (OMPHALION) 64 . SITrING (66) HIP BREADTH.VISUAL INDEX . SITTING (121) WAIST HEIGHT. SITTING (3) ACROMIAL HEIGHT.THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS 49 26 3104 12 ~120 120 3166 (1) ABDOMINAL EXTENSION [)EPIH. SITTING (120) WAIST HEIGHT. SITTING (10) BIACROMIAL BREADTH (78) MIDSHOULDER HEIGHT. SITTING (48) ELBOW REST HEIGHT (NATURAL INDENTATION) (49) EYE HEIGHT. Sr17ING (12) BIDELTOID BREADTH (86) POPLITEAL HEIGHT (26) BUTTOCK-KNEE LENGTH' (93) SITTING HEIGHT (27) BUTTOCK-POPLITEAL LENGTH (104) THIGH CLEARANCE (31) CERVICALE HEIGHT. SITTING (73) KNEE HEIGHT.

SITTING 65 . EXTENDED (85) OVERHEAD FINGERTIP REACH. SITTING (101) SUPRASTERNALE HEIGHT (118) WAIST HEIGHT (NATURAL INDENTATION) (119) WAIST HEIGHT (OMPHALION) (128) WRIST HEIGHT.VISUAL INDEX . THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS (Continued) ~84 *85 83 (6) AXILLA 1-IEIGHT (22) BUJSTPOIN1I*/THELION-1BUSTPOINTIfI'ELION BREADTH (83) OVERHEAD FINGERTIP REACH (84) OVERHIEAD FINGERTIP REACH.

THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS (Continued) 79 89 112 40 99 102 2 87 (2) ACROMIAL HEIGH4T (14) BISPINOUS BREADTH . INDENTATION) (40) CROTCH LENGTH (OMPHALION) (67) ILIOCRISTALE HEIGHT U(74) LATERAL FEMORAL EPICONDYLE HEIGHT (79) NECK-BUSTPOINT/THELION LENGTH (89) SCYE DEPTH (99) STATURE (102) TENTH RIB HEIGHT (112) WAIST BREADTH 66 .VISUAL INDEX . -(37) CHEST HEIGHT (39) CROTCH LENGTH (NATURYl.

1 (23 (36) CHEST DEPTH ~ W(9) SOUDERLEG2 (70) INTERSCYE II (30v (72) KNEE HEIGHT. MIDPATELLA (100) STRAP LENGTH 31 (110) WAIST BACK LENGTH (NATURAL INDENTATION) (111) WAIST BACK LENGTH (OMPHALION) (115) WAIST DEPTH (116) WAIST FRONT LENGTH (NATURAL INDENTATION) (24) BU-I-OCK DEPTH (117) WAIST FRONT LENGTH (OMPHALION) (29) CALF HEIGHT (123) WAIST (NATURAL INDENTATION) TO WAIST (30) CERVICALE HEIGHT (OMPHALION) LENGTH (32) CrST BREADTH (127) WRIST HEIGHT 67 .THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS (Continued) 100 - _ ) .VISUAL INDEX .

VISUAL INDEX . BASE (87) RADIALE-STYLION LENGTH (88) SCYE CIRCUMFERENCE (90) SHOULDER CIRCUMFERENCE (7) AXILLARY ARM CIRCUMFERENCE (97) SLEEVE OUTSEAM (23) BUTTOCK CIRCUMFERENCE (103) THIGH CIRCUMFERENCE (28) CALF CIRCUMFERENCE (113) WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE (33) CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE (NATURAL INDENTATION) (34) CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE AT SCYE (114) WAIST CIRCUMFERENCE (35) CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE BELOW BREAST (OMPHALION) (47) ELBOW CIRCUMFERENCE (126) WRIST CIRCUMFERENCE 68 .) 0(80) NECK CIRCUMFERENCE (81) NECK CIRCUMFERENCE.THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS (Continued) 90 33 - 113 87 114 810 (71) KNEE CIRCUMFERENCE 88 (76) LOWER THIGH CIRCUMFERENCE ".

VISUAL INDEX .THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS (Continued) 91 L 691 122 54 f}25 56107 38 (11) BICEPS CIRCUMFERENCE. LATERAL (91) SHOULDER-ELBOW LENGTH (107) TROCHANTERION HEIGHT (108) VERTICAL TRUNK CIRCUMFERENCE (ASCC) (109) VERTICAL TRUNK CIRCUMFERENCE (USA) (122) WAIST-HIP LENGTH 69 . FLEXED (54) FOREARM-HAND LENGTH (56) GLUTEAL FURROW HEIGHT (69) INTERSCYE I (82) NECK HEIGHT. FLEXED (25) BTJTTOCK HEIGHT (38) CROTCH HEIGHT (52) FOREARM CIRCUMFERENCE.

LENGT H (41) CROTC14 LENGTH.TH.\BTIPREACI1 (131) WNRIST-WALL LENGTH (1321 WRIST-WALL L-ENC. RAL INDENTATION) (42) CROTCH LENGTH.VISUAL INDEX .NDED 70p . POSTERIOR (NA. EXTE.'. THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS (Continued) 42~ A108 132 131 (4) ACROMION-RADIALr. POSTERIOR (OMPHALION) (55) FUNCI TONAL LEG LEINGTH (65) HIP BREADTH ~9F) SPAIN 55 -(1051 TlfU.

VISUAL INDEX .THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS (Continued) // (44) EAR LENGTH 906 (45) EAR LENGTH ABOVE TRAGION (46) EAR PROTRUSION (94) SLEEVE LENGTH: SPINE-ELBOW (95) SLEEVE LENGTH: SPINE-SCYE (96) SLEEVE LENGTH: SPINE-WRIST 71 .

VISUAL INDEX .THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS (Continued) 43- 60 11 18 2G (15) BITRAGION CHIN ARC 0(16) BITRAGION CORONAL ARC (17) BITRAGION CRINJON ARC (18) BITRAGION FRONT AL ARC (19) BITRAGION SUBMANDIBULAR ARC -~ 16 (20) BITRAGION SUBNASALE ARC (21) BIZYGOMATIC BREADTH 21 (43)) EAR BREADTH (60) H4EAD BREADTH (61) HEAD CIRCUMFERENCE (62) HEAD LENGTH 19 (68) INTERPUPILLARY BREADTH (77) MENTON-SELLION LENGTH 72 .

THE STANDARD MEASUREMENTS (Continued) I / B 13 64 Q5 125 A. 5)HN-ICMEEC 2' 10 (57) HAND BREADTH (58) HAND CIRCUMFERENCE (59) HAND LENGTH (63) HEEL ANKLE CIRCUMFERENCE (5) ANKLE CIRCUMFERENCE (64) HEEL BREADTH (8) BALL OF FOOT CIRCUMFERENCE (75) LATERAL MALLEOLUS HEIGHT (9) BALL OF FOOT LENGTH (105) THUMB BREADTH (13) BIMALLEOLAR BREADTH (125) WRIST-CENTER OF GRIP LENGTH (50) FOOT BREADTH.VISUAL INDEX . HORIZONTAL (129) WRIST-INDEX FINGER LENGTH (51) FOOT LENGTH (130) WRIST-THUMBTItP LENGTH 73 .

92 8.28 22.00 2ND 19....88 9.07 7.66 95TH 29.37 9. i... .. .14 21..63 7.67 10.90 10.i.27 STH 19.31 6.. ...58 22.. .(1) ABDOMINAL EXTENSION DEPTH.73 9..05 65TH 24.. The measurement is made at the maximum point of quiet respiration.54 8.22 98TH 30.... . ..45 8.00 29.78 7..09 19..61 8.i ..43 22.37 12.82 19...84 85TH 26.12 7..23 9.19 8..74 23.39 75TH 25..59 25. q.10 24.53 18..26 35TH 22.97 8.00 25TH 21.. .33 25. i.89 10.60 8.45 20..06 11.32 9..71 15TH 21.54 8. .85 7.i.59 80TH 26.i. .83 8.74 20.11 7.. .98 9.93 27..44 27.45 11.88 11.21 70TH 25.03 8.65 8...13 30TH 22. ...23 10..59 99TH 31.i . The subject sits erect looking straight ahead.76 10.47 7.60 20.28 8.50 11.33 17.16 90TH 27. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES C INCHES CM INCHUS 17..96 7..98 97TH 29.. .63 50TH 23.. .91 23.86 20TH 21.35 74 .58 9..18 9.43 7...50 45TH 23..38 40TH 22.52 10TH 20.00 9..11 3RD 19.76 55TH 23.39 9. .85 9..33 9. .48 12.87 21. .F .01 21...81 10..07 10.94 9.. SITTING The horizontal distance between the anterior point of the abdomen and the back at the same level is measured with a beam caliper.2i 19..77 28.26 8.82 1ST 18.7 .i . i..90 60TH 24..i. .65 18... . . i.58 7.

03 1670 94.32 134 6. 28.99 2024 91.23 MEAN VALUE 8.99 1850 83. 19. 21.50 17 .17.32 29.75 0 .02 16.54 20. 21.31.64 27.25 .23 6 .45 1762 99.07 40 2.48 44 1.46 30.75 61 3.25 71 4.14 1162 65.88 18.75 3 .68 21 1.22 44 1.83 34. OF VARIATION = 11.75 64 3.56 1754 98. 23.15.75 .06 21.43 22.14 2196 99.11 :04 SE(STD DEV) .9% COEF.25 1 .75 131 7.03 2.25 .56 26.25 2 .25 126 7.13 1718 96.75 123 6.83 STD DEVIATION 1.07 SE(MEAN) .57 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.75 .19.25 .61 1484 83.32 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.07 1645 74.63 80 3.75 .78 SYMMETRY---VETA I .11 2 .75 26.25 .05 15.75 8 .75 .33.86 1266 71.84 2 .60 MAXIMUM 12.50 23.02 . 24.87 22.75 .36 88 3.86 30.75 2 .77 33.12 19.06 1765 99. SIT'ING FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 22.04 2.98 541 30.30 MINIMUM 6.77 16. ABDOMINAL EXTENSION DEPTH. 25.25 1 .25 106 5.75 . 20.91 MEAN VALUE 9.08 2070 93.62 17.05 1 .17.52 522 23.92 19 .61 31.25 123 5.25 .25 104 5.75 11 .25 81 4. 20.49 32.50 66 2.25 102 5.38 672 37.22 435 24.23 29.75 20 1.31 9 .91 28.75 307 17.90 1980 89.93 927 52.25 117 5.18 103 4.12 165 7.75 51 2.41 2205 99.63 STD DEVIATION 1.00 1 . 22.25 6 .30.87 3 .25 28 1.56 1366 61.75 .29.06 3 .11 1770 99.47 687 31.06 SE(MEAN) .25 10 .25 . 26.31 166 7.29.02 15.25 41 2.32 2191 99.75 2 . 27.57 378 17.65 40 1.75 .41 .00 144 8.75 .57 1511 68.32 31.06 1771 99. 26.25 .11 15 .25 1199 54.67 25.11 27 1.25 .56 186 8.57 1420 80.75 .26 152 6.32.22 2156 97.25 .99 1916 86.75 .25 .16.67 '5.75 1 .06 1774 100.25 3 .75 .75 .75 109 6.75 128 7.30 1762 79.75 23.00 75 .25 2 .23 COEF.8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPat CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CUmF CumFPct 1 .80 23.75 .42 27.25 .44 205 11.59 2164 98.10 1053 59.05 15.88 145 6.25 .75 73 4.75 .79 24.99 17.80 MINIMUM 6.86 2129 96.27" 1542 86.31.25 .05 46 2.35.25 132 7.51 72 3.25 .25 19 1.64 19.18.31 1634 92.11 1773 99.34.34 9 . 22.05 SE(STD DEV) .52 1039 47.36 64 2.25 16 .25 .75 1 .14 2208 100.02 .75 12 .44 32. 27.17 36 1.75 .30.72 7 . 28.09 2193 '9.b7 1593 89.55 18.18. OF VARIATION = 11.30 21.44 804 45.17 1768 99.75 10 .25 .25 58 3.32.27 15. 23.11 1764 99.68 2171 98.86 73 4. 24.78 24.75 .42 873 39.11 1339 75.33.75 .52 160 7.75 36 2. 25.32 28.81 2110 95.66 255 11.75 .75 33 1.25 .00 MAXIMUM 13.00 31.80 20 1.25 .61 SYMMETRY---VETA I a .16.11 144 6.94 34.25 .56 1744 98.14 13 .66 33.25 .90 1734 97.50 167 7.58 1698 95.75 .44 35.11 20.34.25 5 .

99 51.14 132.40 50.63 47.59 56.32 65TH 146.85 5TH 134.20 56.43 53.43 50TH 144.82 122.00 54.65 53.(2) ACROMIAL HEIGHT The vertical distance between a standing surface and the acromion landmark on the tip of the right shoulder is measured with an anthropometer.45 50.19 54.83 54. The heels are together with the weight distributed equally on both feet.86 40TH 142.32 59.56 60.72 129.46 58.45 133.39 135.90 85TH 150.50 58.16 52.01 75TH 148.95 25TH 140. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead.44 54.26 128.36 140.49 50.59 20TH 139.95 61.13 121.07 137.89 2ND 131.22 51.82 47.87 99TH 158.77 57.79 146.31 3RD 132.93 61.39 56.82 131.13 130.09 48.12 49.49 130.90 52.82 126.40 145.18 56.44 52.65 10TH 136.50 90TH 152.18 15TH 137.01 60TH 145.35 76 .87 139.76 133.31 98TH 156.23 54.38 95TH 154.60 56.25 124.86 51.35 53. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 119.02 55.72 136.71 52.97 57. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.93 55.45 138.65 70TH 147.27 30TH 140.38 62.57 57.99 57.16 52.14 45TH 142.57 35TH 141.53 58.70 48.93 97TH 155.61 57.97 55.62 51.77 59.97 143.68 127. The measurement is made at the maximum point of quiet respiration.42 80TH 149.72 55TH 144.27 53.85 144.07 134.72 51.17 1ST 129.78 55.

65 137.24 680 38.27 9 .13 242 10.06 1773 99.122.57 310 14.25 .06 488 22.25 .95 516 29.83 163.10 127.149.75 .23 COEF.76 2064 93.09 131.75 6 .20 MINIMUM 46.00 118. .96 1540 86.00 2207 99.25 1 .167.65 1674 94.23 178 8.25 88 4.25 .75 141 7.27 2202 99.137.158.94 169.95 152.75 .25 .00 1 .35 130.75 .25 126 7.36 MEAN VALUE 52.00 1771 99.75 .00 1 .01 38 2.61 170.25 10 .25 3 .131.31 157.3% COEF.25 .75 .56 183 8.89 166.163. ACROMIAL HEIGHT FEMALES MALES INCHES CM.90 MINIMUM 44.04 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.47 124.40 MAXIMUM 67.75 151 8.75 3 .41 116.75 176 9.06 1774 100.25 .59 108 6.128.50 144.00 1772 99.25 .25 .25 1 .25 164 9.06 22 1. .71 0 . 4.89 167.10 SE(STD DEV) .75 0 .59 22 1.75 85 4.12 SE(MEAN) .88 375 21.04 125.49 211 9.25 60 3.90 119.25 .05 1 .51 1452 81.161.75 .75 153 8.25 .130.28 6.95 154.35 62 3.85 136.31 26 1.14 112 5.05 .151.166.136.26 150 6.00 64 2.75 1 .23 1765 99.75 .66 161.46 146.95 151.75 .10 1301 73.25 47 2.00 2207 99.03 .140.25 .25 4 .157.25 166 9.75 .06 2 .06 13 .25 28 1.92 142.83 164.25 24 1.50 MAXIMUM 61.152.79 253 14.118.75 0 .00 1 .20 STD DEVIATION 2.90 122.00 155.65 133.75 1 .75 . 3.00 1 .38 168 9.06 1772 99.25 .75 0 .11 4 .75 .75 .154.91 42 1.116.11 SYMMETRY---VETA I .09 3 .56 20 1.75 .11 123 5.75 17 .37 1716 96.91 149.25 1 .27 158. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumiF CumfPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CUmlPct 1 .15 SE(MEAN) .06 20 .06 42 1.18 2206 99.05 2207 99.119.139.25 0 .90 1627 91.170.14 115.06 1 .09 83 3.06 5.25 .75 46 2.54 156.143.75 .47 190 8.25 134.96 39 1.05 2208 100.84 118.29 671 30.79 STD DEVIATION 2.23 13 .48 140.18 2183 98.09 SYMMETRY---VETA I .17 1771 99.75 .36 0 .61 1719 77.77 2157 97.90 121.145.34 6 .75 6 .75 .04 113.25 MEAN VALUE 56.79 1869 84.62 833 46.75 .142.44 . NCHES 133.69 143.73 1 .160.79 .45 2118 95.121.96 1761 99.155.56 1317 59.75 87 4.01 KURTOSIS---VETA II .3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . OF VARIATION = 4.25 2 .74 1106 50.33 54 2.96 913 41.25 0 . OF VARIATION .75 42 2.25 .169.115.90 106 4.133.164.07 1981 89.148.81 1 .17 1768 99.59 2196 99.00 77 .14 193 8.72 139.25 .124.25 122 6.39 128.25 .06 81 3.75 18 1.67 187 8.75 0 .75 .58 1744 98.73 148.25 .34 10 .25 .09 212 9.60 1529 69.92 1175 66.09 SE(STD DEV) .134.125.85 4 .146.75 .05 113.87 145.49 160.36 999 56.127.25 2 .25 .

29 50.50 22.04 5TH 54.56 53.0 24.00 55TH 60.06 50.04 52.15 60TH 60.08 22.17 23.58 25.63 25.94 23.99 22.98 22.35 24.52 58.87 20.39 21.69 / \ 56.76 53.33 53.43 23.57 23.80 23.51 21. SITTING The vertical distance between a sitting surface and the acromion landmark on the tip of the right shoulder is measured with an anthropometer.84 56.24 19.03 60.03 97T 65.25 22.83 80TH 62.64 75TH 61.64 2ND 53.08 21.75 25.40 55.49 21.68 49.59 51.33 24.76 95TH 64.79 24.09 20.14 21.21 25. -III III TI-III .81 3RD 54.34 90TH 63. The subject sits erect looking straight ahead.55 24.75 59.55 23.90 20TH 57.77 40TH 59.54 20.16 78 K -_ .42 10TH 55.69 15TH 56. (3) ACROMIAL HEIGHT.54 99TH 66.36 23.44 /61.31 22.29 24.89 62.15 57.31 19. The shoulders and upper arms are relaxed and the forearms and hands are extended forward horizontally with the palms facing each other.93 54.71 45TH 59.91 20.88 19.38 IST 52.85 21.25 22.41 35TH 58. The measurement is made at the maximum point of quiet respiration.26 30TH 58.85 50TH 59.66 23.33 57.10 54.99 21.29 23.09 25TH 57.25 55.73 22.46 70TH 61.52 20.45 26.54 55.05 22.56 21.70 61.99 57.06 85TH 62.23 98TH 65.64 22.30 65TH 60.05 23. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 49.81 22.66 24.

25 13 . 58.75 0 .69 1 .02 .55 MEAN VALUE 21. 50.25 .75 .07 0 .25 .13 2.52 80 4.98 0 .45 12 .47 84 3. 59. 60.67 131 5.25 .75 . 47. OF VARIATION = 4. 61.93 1724 78.82 1227 69.25 . 66.89 589 26.10 MINIMUM 19. 54.25 7 .00 2206 99. 67.05 SE(STD DEV) .75 7 .25 48 2.75 .23 70 3.62 1763 99.00 2207 99.25 12 . 56. SITTING FEMALES MALES C14 INCHES CM INCHES 55.06 1772 99.36 SYMMETRY---VETA I .25 1 .17 1771 99. 69.98 59.17 276 12.75 .40 MAXIMUM 26. 55.25 119 6.05 2208 100.25 .63 80 3.25 0 .95 64.50 100 4.27 2203 99.75 .28 1491 84.75 0 .76 55 2.86 2171 98. 68.75 88 4.97 1179 53.06 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.38 60.76 13 .25 5 .60 0 .79 1736 97.96 437 24.40 66 2.25.25 .07 SE(MEAN) .47 1722 97.90 2128 96.75 31 1.86 0 . 67.75 112 6. 56.09 69. 68.25 .25 3 .25 106 5.89 68. 62.86 STD DEVIATION 1.75 .75 .25 36 2.90 1752 98.00 1772 99.25 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES r ppet Cum CumPPet CRNTIMETERS F FPct CumF CUFPct 2 .92 130 5.75 .75 .09 46.61 1325 60.91 61.25 .98 753 42.75 76 4.68 48. 51.75 2 .25 .75 .62 1804 81.25 8 .25 .02 . 66.05 6 .03 116 6.15 53.92 1696 95.00 79 .06 SE(MEAN) .61 148 6.75 38 2. 50. 54.91 63.75 11 .36 147 6.91 63.68 1415 79.2% CORP.75 . 49.16 .72 66.98 647 36.14 154 8. 64. 58. 53.96 STD DEVIATION 1.46 60.00 2207 99.54 154 6. 62.75 .30 50.75 .25 .25 80 4.99 459 20.00 48.75 .50 51.56 22 1.14 2P06 99.49 2086 94.25 121 6.87 59.25 1 .09 46.59 2184 98.75 .11 4 .47 59.99 161 7. 52.71 1662 93.27 50.25 .15 56. 48.25 1 .25 .68 95 4.75 .43 1593 72.75 .9% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .25 .25 63 3.00 2207 99.40 55.55 269 15.75 14 .25 .34 24 1.80 1988 90.25 .75 60 3.54 143 6.32 22 1.86 KURTOSIS---VRTA II .75 105 5.76 1 .11 59 2.70 57. 61.75 0 .05 2207 99.17 19 . 53.25 .38 66.45 53 2.68 146 6.25 .75 .02 46.25 8 .75 11 .00 1772 99.99 49.75 125 7.14 69. 65.75 . OF VARIATION = 5.55 1554 87.25 26 1.28 1768 99.83 67.67 206 9.68 53.25 .30 42 1. 59.09 2152 97.75 .25 52 2.75 63 3. 55.06 29 1.89 68.01 55.04 SZ(STD DEV) .95 64.98 1025 46.16 120 5.78 MEAN VALUE 23.75 .60 3 . 57.95 2031 91. ACROMLAL HEIGHT.25 .29 893 40.08 57.95 65.24 88 3.25 83 4. 63.42 54.75 2 . 2. 51.23 58.75 34 1.75 27 1.92 1332 75.66 67.66 50.79 52.31 95 4. 69.51 132 5.30 371 16. 63.80 52. 49.25 .33 51.75 3 .59 49. 48.03 2.32 15 .44 54.23 47.25 16 .86 541 30.93 206 11.71 56.06 1 .68 34 1.00 2 . 65.51 349 19.14 8 .77 62.06 2 .50 MAXIMUM 27.45 43 1.53 1904 86.08 13 .38 1614 90.25 104 5.54 981 55.95 65.48 732 33.75 .40 MINIMUM 18.53 . 46. 57.00 1 .59 2197 99.75 106 5.36 47.50 62. 64.75 10 .11 1774 100.04 58.75 3 .62 45 2.05 1106 62.31 865 46. 60.00 66.09 2 .06 52 2.14 5 .75 .32 61. 52.25 .59 35 1. 47.70 1473 66.91 COEP.07 SYMMETRY---VETA I = -.

52 13. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES C" INCHES 27.56 97TH 37.44 10TH 31.63 12.93 12.14 90THl 36.50 12.59 12.77 11.32 31.52 65TH 34.69 14.(4) ACROMION-RADIALE LENGTH The distance between the acromion landmark on the tip of the right shoulder and the radiale landmark on the right elbow is measured with a beam caliper held parallel to the long axis of the arm.57 12.83 10.67 32.03 12.22 13.49 11.18 28.07 28.87 32.16 13.23 11.11 11.86 99TH 38.30 14.29 12.72 29. The subject stands erect.15 30.49 31.07 3RD 30.79 12.83 B0TH 35.95 2ND 30.90 27.5e 31.94 12.21 13.09 40TH 33.91 12.05 13.03 80 .83 13.56 29.04 11.06 30.46 11.60 15TH 32.12 33.61 70TH 34.41 31.83 25TH 32.24 30.07 11.18 45TH 33.28 11.85 30.22 5TH 31.86 14.72 12.66 12.35 12.37 13.01 35TH 33.62 13.96 85TH 35.32 12.96 30.TH 36.92 30TH 33.72 34.55 34.96 13.77 1ST 30.43 60TH 34.26 50TH 34.72 13.68 98TH 37.98 32.29 34.72 20TH 32.14 12.93 12.84 35. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed with the palms facing the thighs.02 13.18 15.34 55TH 34.71 75TH 35.49 13.27 13.37 10.95 14.74 13.44 13.91 12.33 29.39 95.76 32.31 12.40 13.38 14.

52 1740 98.23 6 .00 .95 2189 99.75 1 .25 41 2. 28.67 37.75 27 1.25 .26 562 31.75 215 12.00 1772 99.36 2197 99.75 .19 34.75 .06 2 .67 STD DEVIATION .25 0 .25 .56 1172 66.45 16 .04 SE(MEAN) .00 1 .25 .83 39.25 4 . 29.75 .09 40.80 60 2.85 146 6.45 200 9.09 25.75 28 1. 34.79 260 11. 31.06 1 .11 114 5.11 1771 99.31 27.25 .25 0 .14 4 .10 MINIMUM 10.63 26.01 1758 99.25 . 30. 31.18 2206 99.06 1772 99.25 8 .36 14 . 37.89 2064 93.12 777 43.72 2124 96.25 18 1.57 1956 88. 32.14 SYMMETRY---VETA I . 35.75 . ACROMION-RADIALE LENGTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 31.00 26. 37.78 1425 64. 30.75 .68 .78 28.99 2168 98.20 MINIMUM 10.12 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.75 .28 34.25 .57 41.16 260 11.72 STD DEVIATION . OF VARIATION = 5.09 2 .75 .75 135 7.25 .75 .75 54 3.00 36.ou 1172 99.31 43 1.00 81 .11 8 .25 .09 2208 100.71 967 54. 36.14 34.59 32.20 33.50 35.61 28.07 21 .25 .06 641 29.62 1769 99.75 .33 1833 83.75 2 .25 . 34. 27.76 27.25 190 10.75 .25 0 .10 38. 38.17 1476 83.75 .08 MEAN VALUE 13.48 268 12.25 4 .54 31. 41.25 106 5.3% COEF. 26.81 184 8.98 245 13.03 SE(STD DEV) .68 31. OF VARIATION = 5.96 1331 75.84 224 10.76 30. 28.75 145 8.75 2 .00 1 .06 63 2.65 1713 96.25 1 .68 108 4.75 . 29.63 30.08 37.25 182 10. 39.34 181 8.75 205 11.25 123 6.00 1772 99.42 123 5.59 897 40. 38.03 SE(STD DEV) .25 2 . 35.31 85 4.25 159 8. 32.56 37.00 .19 MEAN VALUE 12.11 1774 100.51 44 1.97 29.89 40.75 .91 36.90 255 11. 26.04 139 7.06 40 1.75 67 3.0% NUMBER OF tBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CumFPct 2 .14 1649 74.06 29 1.42 .20 5 .75 .02 32.89 39.75 1 .02 1.66 1.02 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.72 38.58 44 2. 33.75 8 .20 441 19.25 .25 .14 1165 52. 36.04 SE(MEAN) .23 2202 99.25 .25 . 39.34 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .25 47 2.95 27.73 35.93 1599 90. 40.75 11 .27 26.75 0 .91 2 .27 COEF. 41.25 . 33.03 8 .61 380 21.00 MAXIMUM 14.03 29. 27.25 .81 83 3.15 0 .78 1666 93.75 .18 6 .75 .48 33.89 41.50 MAXIMUM 16. 40.

36 8.60 7.37 7.32 7.13 STK 22. The subject stands with the feet about 10 cm apart and the weight distributed equally on both feet.39 75TH 23.57 85TH 23.76 25TH 21.67 20.02 8.52 8.83 30TH 21.00 21.99 7.51 8.60 20.18 9.27 9.20 7.59 15TH 20.90 82 .75 7.69 8.80 20.90 9.35 8.29 19.57 9.89 35TH 21.07 50TH 22.48 10TH 20.19 60TH 22.28 8.82 9.28 7.47 80TH 23.00 7.68 20TH 21.47 8.31 99TH 25.79 8.05 7.76 23.67 23.n3 21.87 9.(5) ANKLE CIRCUMFERENCE The minimum horizontal circumference of the right ankle is measured with a tape.88 7.18 19.70 7.21 7.70 18.52 8.88 19.81 8.08 21.01 45TH 22.46 20.85 8.95 40TH 21.38 19.02 7.07 8.61 18.88 95TH 24.15 9.32 70TH 22.53 20.67 8.23 3RD 19.27 9.08 1ST 19.76 8.48 8.31 8.06 19.38 22.77 18. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 417.69 90TH 23.56 8.13 8.52 9.25 65TH 22.56 22.96 8.12 98TH 24.05 8.73 20.57 7.02 97TH 24.16 21. 22.50 7.19 8.17 2ND 19.06 9.64 9.79 9.87 20..32 5TH 20.66 8.26 ".

63 77 4.82 161.89 26.14 23.15 39 2.17 SYMMETRY---VETh I .35 . 17.09 9 .70 MAXIMUM 10.15 .95 34 1.95 0 . 21.35 0 . 90.47 1.86 24. 19.15 . 15.75 .51 .15 1 .35 33 1.66 25.44 25.75 .95 1 .91 17.75 51 2. 21. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FctB Cumf CumFPct CKITZ52IRS F FPct CumF CuzfPct 1 .15 2 .35 113 6.89 1875 84.16 1551 70.55 .15 47 2.l 1937 87.15 1 .39 22 1.95 .95 29 1.55 .55 .73 .90 COEF.71 144 6.24 20. 21.73 23.76 18.20 2 .03 SE(MEAN) .51 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .72 36 1. 17.26 17.51 23.76 1566 88.75 864 48.02 SE(STD DEV) . 16. 91.35 .58 1724 97.23 43 1.75 .35 19.11 4 . 22.66 18.75 4 . 25.02 86 3.05 4 . 18.74 7 .98 1415 64.35 89 5.11 323 18.35 .01 22.55 67 3.86 1696 95.02 21.60 62 2.63 17.05 3 .20 19. 26.15 e4 4.95 9 .75 101 5.70 44 1.75 1 .15 3 . 17.17 1764 99.60 0 . 2 .75 .90 MAXIMUM 9.35 .18 16.35 .08 22.35 . 18.95 .55 112 6.15 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.35 7 .51 1751 98.75 14 .53 MEAN VALUE 8.28 19 1.13 200'.75 .09 20. 26. 16.95 .34 144 6.79 48 2.09 16.95 .20 116 6.81 20.22 '3.15 .15 .00 .92 21. 24.70 24.55 .95 . 18. 18.36 568 32.55 5 .32 2182 98.22 139 6.95 393 22.35 .03 SE(MEAN) .00 2 .35 .05 2206 99.00 1.15 .69 1190 67.78 1517 85.06 2 .19 18.68 2164 98.07 1144 51. 16. 16. 17.95 146 6.35 .95 .75 4 .55 .11 20.72 11 .66 119 5.75 1 .21 136 6.90 267 12.75 .06 1 .75 .35 2 .06 1771 99.90 103 4.11 22.09 1 .22 219 97.80 26.26 361 16.36 762 42.62 134 6. 24.15 3 .00 2 .15 .59 199 11.32 17.35 37 2. 24.95 .87 25.85 468 21.95 .09 16.15 70 3.75 49 2.18 1 . 23.08 27 1.44 566 25-63 19.85 21.55 28 1.95 95 5.74 1361 76. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .23 1768 99.83 26.58 667 37.95 .75 . 22.35 1 .55 . 26.00 2205 99. 19.95 3 .11 42 1.59 2202 99.95 1 .95 .75 99 5.39 1789 81.06 1774 100.55 2 . 17.:5 0 .75 18 1.35 .95 50 2.15 .02 1450 81.23 14 .74 2 . 25.90 1277 71.17 MEAN VALUE 8.39 1670 75.27 20 .91 24.55 .45 57 2.75 .00 1 .00 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.63 21. OF VARIATION = 5. 24.55 .27 25.05 2 . 16.86 24. 20.51 7 . 19.00 .06 16 . 22.55 .00 2 .14 16.94 26.39 1761 94.30 1283 53.05 2233 99.16 19.07 50 2. 22.11 25 1.23 8 .00 15.28 13 . 2135 80 4.68 i9.09 18.37 977 55.52 854 38. 23.05 15. 21.11 22.55 1 .00 83 .63 17.77 23.09 L5. 25.95 69 3.11 1770 99.55 .21 STD DEVIATION .33 22.15 .17 1754 98. 24. 20.09 153 8.74 20. 25.35 . 20.51 473 26.02 SE(STD DEV) .00 2 .01 1742 98.79 94 4.77 25.90 MINIMUM 6.15 102 5.95 87 4.55 0 .52 710 32.98 15 .17 14 .06 1773 99.09 16.9% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .50 2175 98. 26.87 250 14. 23.05 1 .75 1 .55 15 .58 203 9.75 .9% COEF.55 .92 98 4. 20.95 .14 7 .13 61 2. 23.70 MINIMUM 6.00 24.62 64 2.15 .99 2053 92.15 119 5.15 .35 5 .06 6 .73 21.61 18. 22.95 2 .00 2122 96. 25. 19.30 STD DEVIATION . ANKLE CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 20.07 107 4.84 22.17 11 . OF VARIATION = 5.09 132 5.97 24.95 73 4.26 2100 95.35 0 .32 2189 99.31 1089 61.54 156 7.15 . 18. 19.55 46 2.65 1663 93.06 1772 99.75 .55 3 .41 17.09 220e IO.09 2205 99. 20.55 95 5.07 1010 45.

25 47.98 75TH 135. as designated by the anterior-scye-on-the-torso landmark.39 90TH 139.12 127.17 53.73 97TH 143.44 44.42 44.04 60TH 133.26 2ND 120.88 119.37 80TH 136.84 47.65 48.12 15TH 20TH 25TH 126.48 52.illary fold.23 45TH 131.52 51.55 125.92 IOTH 124.30 .08 53.98 53.74 114.46 120.45 46.64 112.29 116.11 r "118.41 46.74 52.22 95TH 141.50 50TH 132.97 35TH 40TH 129.62 54.45 47.08 56.THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 110.82 85TH 138.77 55TH 132.70 47.53 127.73 49.39 130.73 136.97 132.07 50.84 .69 46. . The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed with the palms facing the thighs.54 51. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead.63 52.93 129.30 49.93 50.51 48.79 130.87 48.96 49.08 50.66 3RD 121.76 55.12 56. 117.19 47.18 48.61 99TH 145.(6) AXILLA HEIGHT The vertical distance between a standing surface and the right w.42 30TH 129.16 121.15 54.67 43.18 5TH 122. anthropometer.64 70TH 135.85 53.00 50.93 52.32 113.00 51.97 123.79 47.98 53.09 49.10 51. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.57 49.65 50.57 1ST 118. .27 51.68 123. The heels are together with the weight distributed equally on both feet. is measured with ai.26 124.18 126.35 134. .81 133.33 65TH 134.79 --x ""-':' * : ~ I 121.75 45.40 122.53 57.64 45.16 49.21 128.09 98TH 144.26 52.86 126.

54 2137 96.55 115 6.55 0 . 156.38 1534 86.84 1719 77.55 114 6.90 1474 83.69 158 7. AXILLA HEIGHT FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCINES 123.60 841 47.20 1307 59. 140.01 125.55 .55 .99 122.07 129 5.24 131.125.70 127.39 37 2. 126. 150.11 1770 99.55 0 .82 48 2.23 2194 99.09 2205 99.93 1148 51.00 2207 99.06 18 .23 62 2.18 1733 97. 144.31 1921 87.e3 133.69 0 .07 119.55 .136.06 8 .04 152 6.38 115. 124.41 30 1.70 MAXIMUM 62.55 0 .00 128.09 149.06 1773 99.36 21 . 122.55 91 5.55 65 3.36 116.95 109. 143.86 87 4.80 550 24.55 1 .75 1172 66.73 2 .05 2208 100.95 141.66 1454 65.09 106.55 .51 19 1.40 136 6.55 .55 .00 1 .57 114.94 157.55 36 2.94 155.55 7 .4% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPr.00 2207 99.09 105.152. 157.55 98 5.55 .32 220i 99. 146.06 3 .89 31 1.41 49 2.55 0 .85 126.55 1 .55 117 6.55 .55 53 2.55 17 .55 0 .12 SYMMETRY---VETA I .55 .55 1 .17 157.09 2203 99.55 .55 117 6.55 .55 .09 SYMMETRY---VETA T = .55 33 1.06 18 .46 2 . 117. 127.55 .55 0 .27 1645 92.00 1 .10 MINIMUM 42.84 1848 83.55 2 . 154.59 108.07 J .55 .89 152.96 54 3.55 0 .52 1270 71.115.50 2189 99.09 1 .55 . 111.55 153. 118.06 121. 158. 147.48 956 53.00 1773 99.55 .89 151.34 88 3.55 25 1.55 .28 .55 0 .06 28 1.55 .88 77 3.11 865 39. 120.95 143.93 159 7.55 1 .55 .62 30 1.55 .22 COEF.55 .55 .45 1764 99.04 2160 97. 130.55 9 .55 16 .68 137.99 112.99 295 13.20 MAXIMUM 57.44 146.89 150.22 601 33.77 148.81 207 9.55 123 6.36 13 . 148.05 1 .55 0 .90 1749 98.16 708 32.09 2207 99.109.11 117.85 124.55 .00 1 .55 .03 .55 4 .55 .00 1 .99 145.55 60 3.05 104.78 132.55 .00 1772 99.b5 .82 66 2.108. 129.77 138. 149.55 . 136.26 113.55 52 2.151.55 97 5.55 .19 123.14 5.14 5 . OF VARIATION = 4.10 0 .107.03 123 6. 114.135.00 1772 99.18 5 .142.05 5.66 285 16.55 .00 1772 99.08 SE(STD DEV) .105.55 .66 147.00 85 .106.55 .06 9 . 131.09 MEAN VALUE 52.89 154.23 1768 99.55 .133.93 724 40. 132.80 STD DEVIATION 2. 141.54 168 9.03 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.59 1 . 128.32 :L 1.55 .06 1 .38 107.C5 . 121.06 8 .95 140.55 .99 1587 89.55 .47 2 .54 2054 93.90 131 5.55 1 .82 2178 98.86 139.27 94 4.55 .55 0 .89 153.06 2 .17 145.55 11 .37 1687 95.22 2103 95.11 4 .43 1070 60.14 SE(MEAN) ."t COEF. 110.64 134.55 . 113.55 58 3.14 135.00 1772 99.55 0 . OF VARIATION = 4.95 142.06 1774 100.55 2 . 155.49 1998 90.23 107.55 4 .10 SE(STD DEV) .49 129.55 .04 105.31 145 6.55 .91 118.10 MINIMUM 41.88 1017 46.00 1773 99.23 10 .55 .57 132.37 136.55 128 7.55 .00 1772 99.11 51 2. 112. 123.00 .55 87 4.66 73 3.55 .00 1 .51 0 .55 . 119.36 110.55 .00 1 .55 .09 157 7.41 1712 96.18 120.59 1 .13 470 26.137.36 MEAN VALUE 48.116.60 1387 78.t CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CumFPc't 1 .16 1590 72.39 1756 98.94 156.55 .55 21 1.43 STD DEVIATION 2.12 SE(MEAN) .55 .55 0 . 145.75 422 19.134.47 382 21.55 42 2.05 2 .56 127 5.17 111.04 KURTOSTS---VETA II = 1.55 .55 8 .00 144.53 129 5.11 1772 99.55 .47 147 6.07 128 5.55 2 .11 6 .55 7 .55 .55 . 139.03 130.00 2207 99.81 56 2.55 0 .00 2 .55 2 .55 .55 0 .93 220 12.55 102 5.55 45 2.

41 13.18 95TH 38.72 12.20 11.24 13.29 11.95 11.96 99TH 40.87 31.05 35TH 32.18 13.41 10.16 10.08 11.85 26.85 24.72 12.72 12.27 14.03 12.41 1ST 27.67 10.81 3RD 28.5.53 9.08 10.61 11.68 13.80 25TH 31.71 14.66 20TH 31.28 32.19 11.44 10.77 90TH 36.46 27.10 11.83 13.31 11.29 45TH 33. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead with shoulders and upper extrermties relaxed and the oalms facing the sides.75 13.00 5TH 29.65 98TH 39.89 9.49 85TH 36.08 14. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 23.49 13.65 12.38 11.30 15TH 30.09 27.18 12.75 28.30 10TH 30.83 15.99 34.56 33.06 31.17 40TH 32.66 60TH 34.74 12.98 11.87 86 .32 15.27 25.(7) AXILLARY ARM CIRCUMFERENCE The circumference of the right upper arm perpendicular to its long axis at the level of the anterior-scye-on-the-upper arm landmark is measured with a tape.29 34.27 80TH 35.53 55TH 33.91 9.89 28.A5 13.42 29.09 75TH 35.40 12.66 2ND 28.09 13.56 30.43 12.10 24.68 11.45 13.29 29.08 13.39 '.41 50TH 33.61 28.61 11.46 97TH 38.98 14.29 27.77 10.49 26.21 12.55 10.02 28.93 70TH 34.71 30.51 3q.79 65TH 34.15 29.93 30TH 32.

93 40.00 87 .75 .75 126 7. 41. 30. 35.85 2025 91.59 30. 24.65 37. 23.62 1793 81.75 0 .75 1 .59 1659 93.52 1330 74.14 588 33.25 8 .75 9 .77 23.25 3 .21 1886 85.73 36.25 .25 .25 .25 . 44.75 1 .25 10 .75 13 .25 .34 29 1.78 24.17 111 5.25 .10 KURTOSIS---VETA II .20 COEF.75 110 6.25 .27 2200 99.99 193 10.83 SYMMETRY---VETA I .75 0 . 29.4% COEF.75 117 6.24 186 8. .06 1025 46.75 46 2.96 2.50 29.23 1759 99.75 26 1.76 26.15 40.75 .63 159 7.05 SE(STD DEV) .25 146 8.75 .39 1755 98. 33.39 1766 99.25 7 .51 22 1.75 .25 . 24.75 . 34.04 101 4.94 44.60 705 39.25 . 32.74 33.82 960 54.36 27.07 . 29.98 479 27. 44.36 23.38 1210 54.89 42.89 154 6.25 .31 2167 98.13 1739 98.94 27.23 1106 62.25 .17 2114 95.75 .06 45 2.42 825 37.03 348 15.20 1440 81.25 .25 50 2.23 KURTOSIS---VETA II .92 1693 95.25 0 . 41. 3.75 . 42.00 1772 99. 45.42 28. 38.97 11 .75 4 .25 . 28.89 43. AXILLARY ARM CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES INCHES CMINCHES 29.25 26 1. 26.25 53 2.75 4 .73 25.74 61 2.75 1 .20 30.64 35.15 63 2.55 41.70 1380 62.28 122 5.43 38. 8. 40. 34.25 .35 60 3.52 37.11 24 L.48 33.29 26. 25.05 SE(MEAN) .20 25.14 2208 100.44 STD DEVIATION .93 140 7.50 MINIMUM 9.25 .55 839 47.18 56 2.14 3 .06 2 .33 124 5.75 .72 2183 98. OF VARIATION = 8.16 MEAN VALUE 11.75 .30 MINIMUM 8.38 185 8. 36.10 1232 69.03 200 9.18 7 .47 32.00 1772 99.92 3 .75 106 5.86 36. 31. 33.25 101 5. 45.75 .06 1774 100.51 1748 98.75 53 2. 39.11 78 3.04 SE(STD DEV) .25 .06 1 .25 1 .17 1769 99.25 .14 34.75 .30 MAXIMUM 17.00 . 28.75 9 .25 134 7.25 .25 .83 33.09 2202 99.00 1773 99.45 17 .86 31.53 470 21. 32.84 45.25 14 . 37.75 0 .80 28.70 MAXIMUM 14.25 -.09 2138 96.25 0 .75 .65 639 28.47 1719 96.25 34 1.47 29.14 22.25 .73 169 7. 30.79 36 2.75 . 38.69 373 21.94 45.75 .25 .1% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFpct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CumFPct 3 .11 1669 75.99 1563 88.75 .90 38.75 3 .02 22.02 .06 3 .25 1 . 39. 3.75 52 2.71 32.00 1772 99. 26.89 43.37 35.25 70 3.72 41. 36.25 7 .75 .06 SE(MEAN) .95 1510 85.'6 2086 94.58 88 4.25 20 1.82 1613 90.75 2 .17 1772 99.50 2194 99.44 1962 88. 23.25 109 6.03 93 4.54 24.25 98 5. 25.03 2.57 24.75 121 6.75 .17 6 .97 1534 69.75 .06 58 2.12 2 .29 28 1.25 .33 SYMMETRY---VETA I .59 30 1.53 39.96 170 7.75 24 1.25 0 .00 76 3.75 79 4.45 272 15.50 MEAN VALUE 13.94 44.42 31.11 5 . 31.00 37.00 1773 99.45 13 .06 1773 99. 35.75 .45 16 .71 STD DEVIATION 1.87 34. 43. 37.19 . OF VARIATION .53 237 10.75 . 40.11 3 .00 1 .75 . 27.75 . 42.03 39.25 . 27. 43.88 135 6.25 28 1. 22.89 42.14 2205 99.75 .32 22.

16 80TH 25.45 10.47 10.71 22.65 22.20 9.92 8.29 23.9O .23 10.36 9.07 5TH 22.10 23.83 22.23 10TH 23.97 9.25 7.6:.92 10.13 9.85 55TH 24.79 9.50 9.90 60TH 25.13 9.76 7.1= 10.90 9.51 9.18 21.66 10.82 20.04 8.53 9.13 10.61 9.60 24.81 zj.53 5 21.89 22.92 9. The subject stands with the feet about 10 cm apart and the weight distributed equally on both feet.45 10.02 9.68 20.41 24.59 22.68 40TH 24.23 9.47 e.06 7.90 20.19 21.94 88 .54 95TH 26.72 24.32 9.76 8.91 8.43 20TH 23.05 8.34 15TH 23.83 9.(8) BALL OF FOOT CIRCUMFERENCE The circumference of the foot at the first and fifth metatarsophalangeal landmarks on the ball of the right foot is measured with a tape. 35TH 24.62 8.25 85TH 26.37 90iIH 26.76 8.79 50TH 24.19 23.66 97TH 27.96 65TH 25.08 9.19 8.19 8.03 23.40 8.82 9.76 9.77 22.40 8.61 8.38 21.02 70TH 25.57 30TH 24.87 10.51 8.74 45TH 24. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES Cm INCHES 19.29 9.90 2ND 22.46 21.28 9.33 8.66 9.09 75TH 25.50 25TH 24.75 98TH 27.9H 27.59 8.97 3RD 22.78 IST 22.96 22.02 20.

20.02 SE(SID DEV) .81 19.85 103 5.60 .35 . 29.60 0 .95 742 41. 19.83 18 . 28.59 26.60 . 23.94 29.24 1121 50.00 MINIMUM 8.35 MEAN VALUE 8.85 13 .02 SE(MEAN) .85 2120 96.13 STD DEVIATION .59 63 2.14 18.15 21.85 61 3.31 3 .28 1767 99.05 18.09 3 .35 .05 4 .23 2204 99.60 2 .00 89 .60 141 7.00 18. 25.22 19.28 20.71 1617 91.10 43 1.26 277 12.76 20. 18.35 .80 165 7.82 25.10 89 5.60 12 . 27.39 20 1. 22.14 2207 99.94 5 .27 26.35 76 4.60 . BALL OF FOOT CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 22.59 118 5.10 .28 195 10.09 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 23.10 1 .59 2196 99.10 .85 . 21.23 1762 99.10 44 2.00 1773 99. 22.85 .16 1033 58. 29.17 115 5.10 .13 226 10.60 48 2.87 24.00 26.35 12 .31 30.85 113 6.85 .83 1475 83.35 94 5.10 . 24. 25.47 1286 58.85 .10 4 .11 1771 99. 26. 24. 28.03 1294 72.94 29.35 2 .85 .28 24.89 1639 74.10 . 21.23 13 .55 20.00 1773 99. 30.32 23.59 19.60 2 . 23.10 . 22.85 2 .35 . 20.10 32 1.35 1 .44 1.70 425 19.20 MAXIMUM 10. 21. 28. 27.85 MEAN VALUE 9.66 1906 86.10 1509 68.44 2004 90.11 3 . 26.60 .37 27.60 67 3.34 22.10 27.16 KURTOSIS ---VETAT II = 3.75 75 4.10 7 .59 40 1.46 21.23 STD DEVIATION .32 28. 25.03 SE(MEAN) .00 4 .70 732 33.60 107 6.75 27.60 .00 1.73 1758 99.37 1407 79.35 24 1.85 1 .39 27.10 . 24.95 83 3.50 MINIMUM 7.16 23.95 25.85 164 9.15 1 .35 5 .11 1769 99.23 130 5.00 . 20.83 28. 27.46 24.28 21.43 1803 81.82 2)70 98.06 1773 99.85 8 .35 1734 97.68 44 2.85 .85 31 1. 26.10 68 3.24 22.94 205 9.66 23. 26.60 87 3. OF VARIATION = 4.60 .28 192 8.45 2152 97.60 .60 .35 .60 2 .85 72 3.76 23.85 0 .63 27 1. 29.34 20.40 2057 93.35 . 22. OF VARIAT ON = 5.88 32 1. 19.44 26.35 .80 1710 96. 25.94 29. 18.25 21.45 13 . 28.89 29.85 .02 SE(STD DEV) .06 1772 99.60 .35 .46 25.10 .06 1 .21 540 24.16 COEF.1% COEF.71 164 7.35 .48 119 6.85 13 .10 1 .59 2183 98. 20.00 MAXIMUM 11.60 .09 SYMMETRY---VETA I .73 163 7.81 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .85 .35 147 8.24 906 51. 29.06 1774 100.68 32 1.85 . 21. 23.35 .79 .81 365 20.18 18.30 1569 88.77 22.10 .61 28.60 .85 .10 .10 0 .9% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F Fpct CuwF Cumlpct 1 .99 103 4.72 28.07 13 .05 1 .05 2208 100.35 154 8.29 601 33.85 .78 262 14.35 9 . 24.41 13 .85 .80 24.60 14 .14 2199 99.62 1745 98.91 3 .57 53 2.48 .18 19. 27.77 98 4.48 223 10.68 1187 66. 19.35 .10 127 7.59 25.15 26.00 .60 11 .06 148 6.11 5 .53 21. 19.23 22.35 35 1.35 .60 .44 1678 94.01 24.38 895 40.10 .02 454 25.10 1 .

52 7.78 7.70 18.61 20.53 19.15 60TH 19.58 7.29 7.45 5TH 17.15 19.99 18.52 6.25 6.03 6. The weight is distributed equally on both feet.(9) BALL OF FOOT LENGTH The distance from the back of the heel to the landmark at the first metatarsophalangeal protrusion on the ball of the right foot is measured in a footbox.16 6.57 7.67 8.58 10TH 18.96 99TH 22.65 17.86 18.92 7.75 7.92 18.17 7.37 17.39 8.26 70TH 20. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 15.12 6.67 15TH 18.18 7.21 65TH 19.94 6.56 6. The medial side of the right foot is parallel with the long axis of the box.71 6.79 97TH 21.06 18.81 7.69 8.69 6.28 6.70 7.21 8. The subject stands erect with each foot in a footbox.54 7.80 25TH 18.26 19.97 16.88 7.55 90TH 20.68 6.47 8.83 7.76 18.71 7.60 17.32 75TH 20.79 16.55 N 17.77 6.46 85TH 20.29 17.85 98TH 21.91 !JTH 19.95 7.74 20TH 18.36 3RD 17.05 7.12 7.88 8.93 7.20 16.11 55TH 19.01 45TH 19.43 .81 18.94 7.44 7. 17.03 7.30 2ND 17.96 40TH 19.37 6.28 7.86 30TH 19.17 7.69 95TH 21.42 19.44 7.30 7.06 16.97 7.74 90 .42 6.97 8.38 80TH 20.90 16.31 7.22 7.21 IST 17.06 50TH 19.49 17.

95 .37 1355 76.18 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.72 2196 99.75 129 7. 21.91 20.00 1773 99. 19.09 18.45 1536 86. 18.60 16.89 19. 22.55 .26 110 4.22 2100 95.96 STD DEVIATION .55 .05 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .95 .75 79 4. 20.13 2164 98.72 37 1.35 55 2.91 1 .09 3 .49 166 7.38 7 .3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CumFPct 1 .15 .80 MINIMUM 5.21 327 14.01 1743 98.55 .54 21.95 113 6. 23.03 COEF.95 .35 17.15 43 2.22 21. 2055 102 5.05 14.15 109 6.75 .00 SE(STD DEV) .33 SYMMETRY---VETA I .55 .07 1 . 15.14 6 . 15.07 39 2.98 16.95 .04 60 2.06 1766 99.15 .75 23 1.55 19 1.88 19.52 1123 50.86 17.55 0 .43 18.55 1 .83 16.15 .15 3 .75 .20 190 8.05 478 26.35 .30 1707 96.33 1595 89.75 5 .02 SE(MEAN) .95 59 3. 20. 22.55 11 .75 1 .35 .79 17.95 208 9.44 610 34.35 0 .10 196 11.94 95 4.62 1765 99.00 14.05 STD DEVIATION .06 1774 100.90 104 4.75 1457 82.29 757 42.18 10 .45 18.34 16.13 234 10.17 93 4.55 . 23.34 20 1. 16.87 22.95 .15 . 22.35 15.35 .02 626 28.11 1773 99.55 .27 1020 57.87 16 .15 . 18.15 .75 .93 1276 57.28 1771 99.05 2206 99.94 22.35 113 6. 17.35 .00 1773 99.58 1 . 23. 15.50 21 .42 1484 67. 20.95 . 17.15 .14 18.45 14 . BALL OF FOOT LENGTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 17.35 6 . 16.67 49 2.93 21.06 19. 18.50 25 1.60 MINIMUM 6.61 957 43.95 . 22.37 1133 63.41 .83 22.35 33 1.15 11 .75 .05 1 .95 2 .95 3 .13 141 6.32 2203 99.75 . 20. 19..17 3 . 17. 14. 21.75 18 1.71 1880 85.01 16 .11 19.47 16.86 20. 21.05 2207 99.14 14.95 20.15 56 3.95 125 7.02 SE(MEAN) .15 0 . .49 165 7.09 2205 99.62 1754 98.17 6 .14 1242 70. 16. 19.34 122 5.75 .95 23 1. 21.42 141 7.95 .30 1975 89.35 4 . 19.3% COEF.95 2 .75 .94 23. OF VARIATION = 5. 17.45 15.95 18 1.72 15. 21.55 69 3.72 2180 98.35 23.02 SF(STD DEV) . 16. 19.79 177 8.81 16.91 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 22.35 .94 23. 18.34 1776 80.55 891 50.20 MAXIMUM 8.24 21.15 .77 2139 96.75 3 . 17.38 1.75 16 .46 20.15 .39 767 34.60 MEAN VALUE 7.00 1773 99.15 50 2. 15.86 1684 94.52 153 6.39 76 3.94 140 6.55 134 7.55 .03 98 5.95 .13 2 .77 20.21 18.55 23 1.55 69 3.55 .01 1725 97.72 .75 .75 .25 21.53 449 20.15 8 .68 15.74 17.00 .94 MEAN VALUE 7.30 62 3.35 .75 88 4.16 1651 93.15 132 7.96 353 19.88 1636 74.35 1.35 .00 .23 39 -.73 19.35 . 22. 15.00 .94 23.89 265 14. OF VARIATION = 5.34 17. 18. .35 55 3.55 22.35 .44 2051 92. 16.05 2208 100.01 19.00 21.05 152 6.35 147 8.49 22.27 15.70 MAXIMUM 9.55 .95 36 2.00 91 .

75 14.07 14.73 36.64 36.16 15.04 16.45 36.95 15.63 16.38 95TH 42.11 37.57 16.57 15TH 37.83 12.82 12.78 39.86 S0TH 41.18 32. The subject sits erect.26 92 .00 15.03 35TH 39.15 90TH 42.39 13.07 40.01 37.45 34.30 14.12 13.55 2) 36.75 15.35 17.83 25TH 38.49 15.15 35.18 15.41 15.86 14.36 35.42 15.40 10TH 37.73 14.65 15.26 35.20 14. The shoulders and upper arms are relaxed and the forearms and hands are extended forward horizontally with the palms facing each other.48 13.46 14.63 14.32 13.59 14.23 16.02 35.08 14.53 1ST 35.06 15.12 5TH 36.88 34.46 60TH 40.47 15.29 33.78 2ND 36.93 3RD 36.01 15.23 38.70 34.48 15.75 99TH 43.66 16.25 15.99 85TH 41.83 13.72 15.01 14.80 14.82 36. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.65 70TH 40.01 32.70 14.71 20TH 38.38 55TH 39.02 13.75 75TH 40.96 14.52 97TH 43.55 65TH 40.35 14.93 16.91 37.85 17.12 40TH 39.(10) BIACROMIAL BREADTH The distance between the right and left acromion landmarks at the tips of the shoulders is measured with a beam caliper.30 14.29 50TH 39.93 30TH 38.51 14.53 39.61 98TH 43.37 38.20 45TH 39.00 16.95 39.46 12. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 31.

86 40. 39.75 .75 .87 167 7.87 43.75 . 42.36 20 .99 41. 41.78 36.72 161 7.25 14 .06 113 5.05 1 . 32.36 130 5.14 30.73 235 10.00 93 .66 44.28 39. 44. 43.75 .75 .25 . 38. 38.75 87 4. 39.18 1754 98.24 543 30. 37.95 35.95 101 4.25 .45 13 .64 838 37. 33.06 60 2. 30. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CuMFPct CENTIMETERS F Fact CumF CumlPct 1 .25 82 4.25 171 9. 42.59 40.25 .25 2 .75 9 .60 1083 61.25 39 1.11 5 .75 .11 3 .05 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.09 3 .74 STD DEVIATION .78 1580 71.41 50 2.04 SE(MEAN) .92 COEF. 31.25 2 . 32.51 38.68 1431 80.25 25 1.79 1768 99.25 .21 37.82 58 2.27 2205 99.04 1693 95.25 .75 43 1.71 .61 85 3.28 187 8.37 35.8% COEF.25 .02 216 9.25 188 10.12 274 12.75 164 9.70 MEAN VALUE 15. 33.37 39.75 .03 SE(STD DEV) .25 154 8.75 194 10.75 . 34.83 44.42 45.25 . 43.25 .31 34.50 379 21.75 0 .17 1774 100.25 40 2.25 .75 .67 3 .41 12 .43 42.98 6 .10 1557 87.82 274 12. 45.75 .25 1733 97.05 5 .06 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.75 3 .77 41.09 2194 99.17 142 6.63 .25 1 .00 1 .91 40 1.39 42. 35.96 169 7.10 MAXIMUM 17. 40.03 SE(STD DEV) .75 39 2.25 .56 36.00 30.17 1771 99.25 8 .00 .25 .25 .28 39.30.76 SYMMETRY---VETA I = -. OF VARIATION = 4.85 2131 96. 35.75 54 3.25 133 7.23 2199 99.90 246 13.75 . 4.54 30.41 1364 61.56 1916 86.63 32. OF VARIATION .25 .62 1639 92.57 32. 37.41 33.8C STD DEVIATION .84 34.5% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .25 18 .26 MEAN VALUE 14.04 SE(MEAN) .75 126 7.15 SYMMETRY---VETA I = -.75 20 .41. BIACROMIAL BREADTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 36.66 38.20 895 50.75 12 .89 2046 92.20 89 5. 34. 31.77 2170 98.69 43.05 29.02 1.25 .75 .70 MAXIMUM 16.75 .78 37.41 252 11.41 1090 49.06 1 .00 41.00 .29 33.45 24 1.75 .25 70 3.85 33. 36.75 181 10. 36.25 .44.75 .40.75 21 1.94 1277 71.10 MINIMUM 11.43 416 18.25 8 .65 1749 79.00 MINIMUM 12.95 159 8.68 25 1.14 2208 100.75 .47 603 27.64 714 40.69 1.25 3 .75 2 .91 31.81 31.

22 13.99 15.23 26.90 23.14 9.95 11.64 25.34 28.13 12.35 9.13 55TH 33.15 10.51 12.57 11.58 13.36 2ND 28.11 1ST 27.80 40TH 32.67 32.09 27.75 12.84 27.13 9.87 11.(11) BICEPS CIRCUMFERENCE.10 12.47 28.27 11.98 10TH 30.96 27.70 27.13 30.56 11.24 60TH 34.15 94 .40 12.49 14.93 12. The fist is clenched and held facing the head.46 25TH 31.98 11.23 13.17 15TH 31.27 12.56 10.96 13.71 10.24 13.36 31.62 9.56 26.36 65TH 34.68 10.47 11.89 13.89 14.21 28.25 90TH 37.22 10.50 70TH 34.83 10.02 50TH 33.69 5TH 29. The subject stands with the upper arm extended horizontally and the elbow flexed 90 degrees.32 20TH 31.64 95TH 38.80 80TH 35.03 16.00 85TH 36.48 11.76 9.99 25.20 11.05 12.40 24.40 13.86 10.98 11.27 14. and the subject exerts maximum effort in "making a muscle.89 97TH 39.94 29.77 29.16 32.43 10.41 26.58 30TH 32.50 15.21 24.37 99TH 41.69 35TH 32.50 3RD 28." THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CH INCHES 23.91 45T:I 33.91 12.60 12.74 33.62 29.56 11. FLEXED The circumference of the right upper arm around the flexed biceps muscle is measured with a tape held perpendicular to the long axis of the upper arm.08 98TH 39.56 13.49 33.64 75TH 35.35 15.97 13.

45 28. 35.25 . 29.25 55 2.75 19 . 29. 39.80 2014 91.35 66 3.05 2204 99.07 .23 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.33 SYMMETRY---VETA I . 30.21.15 31.31 1471 82. 26.11 2 .75 65 3. 37.11 38.95 1541 86.43 1722 77.22.62 1730 97.25 .75 .38 41.25 . 27.02 . 25.77 2101 95.23 207 9.25 140 7.35 23.I 1350 76.04 38.52 39.75 .25 10 .84 24.71 STD DEVIATION 1.07 194 8.07 1705 96.75 2 .08 33.1% COEF.51 28 1. 35.25 104 5.37 179 8.25 107 4.72 36 1. 27. 28.25 122 6.25 140 7.36 2197 99.85 310 14.75 .67 84 3.75 2 .79 599 27. 42.83 39 1.89 1082 60.78 32.25 37 2.86 25 1.63 2137 96.01 1401 63.48 142 8.79 1202 54.63 2184 98.09 315 17.75 139 6.75 74 3.25 0 .76 48 2.34 COEF.75 .29 .75 105 5.75 .25 .25 .25 .75 .31 1649 92.25 24 1.04 25.92 1 .75 .00 1770 99.10 5 .66 207 11. 33.25 4 .75 .77 1 .77 34.91 33. BICEPS CIRCUMFERENCE.61 2 .51 1739 98. 31.25 .56 28.19 24.39 31.79 42 2.75 .27 22.75 70 3.75 .02 21.05 SE(MEAN) .70 40.75 4 .14 3 .75 0 .75 .17 2062 93.30 449 20.44 27. 42.00 95 .10 MAXIMUM 14.25 19 . 32.30 MINIMUM 8.65 27.75 .05 2207 99.99 8 .00 99 4.95 800 45.06 1764 99.79 1719 96.09 2206 99.75 .91 35.92 1187 66. 26.34 25.68 1751 98.05 2208 100.25 67 3.25 14 .25 3 .10 14 .15 33 1.36 74 3.44 41.25 .72 142 6.21 30.77 42.25 2 . 24. 36.70 MAXIMUM 17.15 1008 45.86 44 1.95 37. 34.00 3 .11 4 .75 .75 .75 5 .0% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .75 . 24. 43.25 . OF VARIATION = 8. 33.25 .00 36. 32. 40.20 SYMMETRY---VETA I . 25.35 203 9.23 1768 99. J9.14 21.75 41 2.75 .86 1291 72. 41.23.23 1774 100. 38.23 2189 99.20 37.79 202 9.22.13 22.25 9 .75 .90 MINIMUM 10. 37.25 141 7.89 545 30.89 2. 43. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CuMiF CUMFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CumFPct 3 .39 25.75 68 3.11 1770 99.25 .09 1686 95.25 . OF VARIATION = 8.25 .90 39.11 1580 71. FLEXED FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 28.14 33.75 .27 STD DEVIATION .56 14 .75 11 .25 .25 .05 SE(STD DEV) .43 659 37.75 12 .14 21.25 .75 .03 2.25 .75 14 .03 40. 23.00 . 28.75 142 8.13 MEAN VALUE 11.25 12 .95 36.75 .58 199 9.25 .75 90 5.75 32 1. 34. 36.28 32. '8.99 23. 31.38 806 36.33 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.25 44 2.03 SE(STD DEV) .80 98 5.75 19 1.64 37.75 .11 150 6.13 26.91 6 .25 .25 .07 405 22.27 2203 99.82 35.50 26.68 1763 99.75 30 1.25 9 .49 2170 98.93 29.52 109 4. 40.41 30.87 1 .94 1831 82. 41.75 MEAN VALUE 13.14 6 .49 129 5.25 108 6.75 114 6.25 .75 1 .50 34.06 SE(MEAN) .25 .99 29. 30.77 43.28 19 1.48 1930 87.61 43.00 942 53.78 1608 90.25 .66 42.

46 49.43 46.89 20.37 20.93 85TH 51.18 90TH 52.75 44.88 16.17 18.40 16.49 15.30 17.81 19.56 30TH 47.20 60TH 49.16 15.58 75TH 50.69 17.77 18.75 16.65 17.39 18.(12) BIDELTOID BREADTH The maxmum horizontal distance between the lateral margins of the upper arms on the deltoid muscles is measured with a beam caliper.05 47.99 17. The subject sits erect looking straight ahead.41 17.44 25TH 47.43 17.42 3RD 44.32 65TH 50.61 1C '18 40TH 40.95 42.74 80TH 51.47 19.09 55TH 49.40 17.88 45TH 48. 43.36 19.47 19.85 18.34 16.30 41.50 21.00 16.84 97TH 54. The measurement is made at the maximum point of quiet respiration.33 39.99 50TH 49.61 43.44 70TH 50.70 15.35 .22 43.81 42.06 41.13 18.49 39.73 15.71 96 .30 20TH 46.07 21.87 18.14 16. The shoulders and upper arms are relaxed and the forearms and hands are extended forwaid horizontally with the palms facing each other.23 45.92 20.97 1ST 43.16 19.04 98TH 54.14 15TH 46.08 42.05 45.53 19.21 19.48 21.17 18.05 16.03 14.99 17.25 2ND 44.48 43.68 47.09 38.56 42.96 18.14 19.49 41. THE PERCENTILES FEMP rES MALES CH INCHES CH INCHES 38.67 35TH 48.89 44.53 20.54 17.57 95TH 53.94 10TH 45.29 48.63 5TH 44.37 99TH 6 21.06 17.48 18.71 40.81 19.02 17.

29 727 32.18 36.08 38.89 2.16 533 30.75 .02 53.05 r'(MEAN) .89 50.45 14 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPCt CwnF CumFPCt CENTIMETERS r FPct CumF CimwFPct 4 . 56.25 44 2.23 921 51. 59.58 68 3. 53.83 126 5.25 159 7.75 3 . 42.86 bi.31 100 4.17 1766 99.25 43.46 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.75 127 7.06 2 .16 1554 87.05 48.17 1769 99.07 391 17.25 1 .00 52.18 MEAN VALUE 19.74 47.26 MEAN VALUE 17.75 10 .75 .59 STD DEVIATION 1.55 48.48 648 36.2% COEF. 49.75 .25 .84 1 .75 46.07 1750 98. 51.25 .11 1772 99. 55.25 .79 40 2. 38.2 .65 54.75 112 5. 5 96.75 .75 .45 2197 99.75 37 2.75 70 3.75 28 1.35 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .25 0 .00 1772 99.03 49.56 26 1.75 . 52.11 53.82 50. 3.12 39.47 169 7.11 KURTOSIS---VETA II .3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .25 56 3.25 115 6.90 207 9.53 18 .61 46.25 .75 132 7.05 2208 100.75 57 3.34 216 9.75 1 .89 58.09 2207 99. 50. 47.82 2176 98.68 45.63 28 1.05 2205 99.88 47.93 1291 72. OF VARIATION . 55.09 1399 78.95 51.14 53.38 55.25 .75 1 .00 MINIMUM 16.89 28 1.25 88 4. 39.90 MINIMUM 14.36 4 .58 1498 84.25 .25 96 4. 43.06 1773 99.69 11 . 47.25 .08 45.04 55.75 85 4.59 43.75 .13 38.27 37.25 146 8.75 .02 2.92 10 .25 .25 . 48.96 406 22.44 2 .17 183 8. 46.30 MAXIMUM 23.75 .25 4 .94 59.25 .05 2202 99.79 318 17. 57.25 .06 153 6.13 81 3.93 544 24. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .75 99 5.75 .27 2139 96.86 47 2.53 75 3.25 115 6.72 56.39 1757 99.50 2187 99.25 1 .75 .63 37.26 STU DEVIATION .20 1688 76.25 . 37. 54.77 2 .45 44.75 . 39.18 2201 99.94 59.36 .75 6 .75 . 41. 50.75 1 .56 210 9.48 1168 65.47 1731 97.04 SE(STD DEV) .75 4 .75 .16 44.67 2070 93. 45.75 .75 . 40.75 .02 .38 1360 61.68 49.16 775 43. 43.25 14 .75 127 7. 49.71 42.25 .48 112 6.35 279 12.25 .25 .09 2204 99. 42.23 10 .25 64 3. 53.75 .00 2207 99.25 10 .25 .40 1989 90.25 .25 .51 1153 52.75 .95 52.53 1914 86.9' 1' 8 94.25 26 1.75 .75 .06 1770 99. 57.02 36.86 2158 97. OF VARIATION = 5.34 16 . 59.00 .18 4 .75 19 1.09 1.72 57.75 123 6. bl.77 57.61 233 13.25 .75 62 3. 58.37.03 COEF.86 1 . 52.25 3 .53 41. 5.34 1763 99.02 .60 0 .78 943 42.71 40.21 169 9. 44.25 7 .64 41.93 41 1.44 1053 59.75 0 .71 1814 82.55 56.75 2% .86 2111 95. 38.58 54.75 .25 52 2.95 68 3.75 .04 113 5.06 1774 100.65 1529 69.49 1616 91.09 1 . BIDELTOID BREADTH FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 43.20 MAXIMUM 20.25 6 .06 1 .00 1769 99.75 14 .29 39.93 41.30 SYMMETRY---VETA I = . 46.23 6 . 40. 41.25 2 .64 40.11 183 8.05 19 .25 .25 45 2.06 SE(MEAN) .73 50. 54. 48. 45.25 108 6.25 19 .50 49. 56. 58.25 .00 97 .25 .03 SE(STD DEV) .22 42. 44.

56 5.52 45TH 7.97 2.27 2. The subject stands with the weight equally distributed on both feet.20 2.05 2.72 2.43 20TH 6.87 2.45 25TH 7.23 2.85 2.43 2.83 99TH 8.52 5.40 2.62 75TH 7.29 20D 6.71 6.58 65TH 7.66 85TH 7.86 2.36 2.69 3.56 2.23 98 .95 2.92 6.70 90TH 7.67 6.25 1ST 6.76 6.00 6.90 [ 6.38 10TH 6.65 2.97 6.(13) BIMALLEOLAR BREADTH The horizontal distance between the maximum protrusions of the ankle bones (lateral and medial maleohi) of the right foot is measured with a Holtain caliper.55 55TH 7.58 5.03 3.94 2.62 6.50 40TH 7.38 2.16 7.73 6.60 2.13 7.32 2.43 2.41 15TH 6.11 2.94 3.60 70TH 7.19 7.56 60TH 7.78 97TH 6.17 2.07 6.81 2.31 3RD 6.12 2.07 2.18 2.22 2.34 STH 6.03 6.49 2.02 6.10 3.32 2.95 6.50 2.64 60TH 7.79 3.70 2.51 2.53 S0TH 7.84 6.40 2.80 98TH 6.05 2.55 2.49 35TH 7.80 6.27 2.20 3. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CH INCHES S.01 2.88 6.55 2.47 30TH 7.86 6.47 2.61 3.12 2.74 95TH 7.78 2.65 2.77 2.78 6.

93 7.93 6.1S . 5. 7.60 7.07 0 . 5.85 90 5.25 0 .02 397 17. 6.65 . BIMALLEOLAR BREADTH E E MALES 6.15 175 9.05 6.55 7 .55 166 9.45 .44 MEAN VALUE 2.90 6.72 1475 63.85 5.15 14 .94 6.35 1 .06 1 .25 2 .75 C9 5.15 .25 . 7.05 159 6.85 . 5.95 56 3.69 6.55 .95 .00 4 .05 155 7.25 .96 5. 6.35 .28 1772 99.85 64 3.32 10 .63 53 2. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .02 1564 66.00 .35 4 .09 KURTOSIS---VETA II .05 2208 100. 6.00 99 .11 3 .87 . 7.69 8. 8.75 63 3.65 23 1.60 MAXIMUM 2.05 3 .76 1733 97.09 5.77 7.68 6.63 107 4. 7.11 242 10.79 1763 99.61 1629 91. 7.15 1 .45 .25 171 9.42 1 .07 239 13.40 103 4.15 .32 7. 6.66 677 38.00 83(STD DEV' .51 6.9% CONF.55 .00 SE(STD DEV) .95 .55 149 8.35 8 .45 2203 99.85 56 2.05 2 .35 .65 33 1.45 5 .00 S3(MEAN) . 3. 6.96 1888 85.47 83 3.49 5.23 1767 99.86 COZF.99 8.45 6.95 7.39 STD DEVIATION .12 .60 MAXIMUM 3.45 5.35 2148 97. 6.16 1684 94.20 MINIMUM 2. $. .05 .65 1 . OF VARIATION .06 1773 9t.15 .05 1 .4% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .35 269 12. 8.05 5. OF VARIATION . 6.55 .05 49 2.00 7. 6. 2.75 .77 7.30 29 1.36 1338 75. 7.92 616 27.06 219 9.06 1172 66. 7. 5.66 1991 90.45 143 8.00 10 .25 . 5.85 242 10.25 14 .75 . 5. 8. 8. 4.00 S.72 2193 99.86 86 4.95 135 6.69 1646 74.14 5.15 .22 5.35 181 10.55 6.25 .10 MINIMUM 2.90 1749 95.45 .85 . 6.18 1410 63.96 502 26. 5.65 .16 7.39 SYMMETRY---VETA I .17 233 10.65 .45 11 . 7.95 .16 2207 99.08 SY3MMETRY---VETA I .40 7.45 1 .99 236 10.31 2177 98.75 16 .00 .33 74 3. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES 7 Ftt CUaF Cumft I Ft Cuma Culytt 1 .61 8.65 137 7.05 KURTOSIS---VETA II .55 1 .22 1141 51.15 7.38 6.95 7. 6.05 .35 .17 6.64 848 47.75 . .28 MEAN VALUE 2.00 .05 5.45 13 .55 .86 343 19.00 1 .95 104 5.72 49 2.06 1774 100.55 849 38.35 .04 33 1.00 SX(MEAN) .55 29 1.98 6.73 24 1.76 2074 93.31 STD DEVIATION .59 8.20 1029 58. 5.95 .54 7. 6.05 .45 .86 6. 5.16 16 .62 292 13. 7.00 2207 99.28 6. 6. 7.

66 26. The subject stands looking straight ahead with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.50 85TH 25.22 8.66 9.83 9.43 9.37 9.62 23.81 26.58 18.65 8.01 95TH 26.76 .76 8.87 15T 18.15 21.14 9.06 2ND 19.57 7.75 10.68 7.71 90TH 25.33 8.43 8.4.21 9.24 7.03 100 .30 22.07 10.(14) BISPINOUS BREADTH The straight-line distance between the right and left anterior superior iliac spine landmarks is measured with a beam caliper.76 8.56 9.87 19.55 10.37 7.33 98TH 27.77 10.93 24.09 8.96 65TH 23.62 10TH 20.45 25.54 99TH 28.05 9.13 19.95 8.20 75TH 24.41 10.93 7.37 17.96 20TH 21.30 20.75 55TH 23.03 11.89 10.45 8.57 6.30 9.45 6.68 L 21.81 lSTH 21.23 7.80 8.22 30TH 22.54 35TH 40TH 45TH 22.19 97TH 27.85 60TH 23.17 22.00 7.87 8.45 10.57 20.24 10.88 8.44 20.10 25TH 21.98 21.45 6.25 7.73 7.07 22.35 5TH 20.69 8. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CK INCHES 17.78 8.79 9.18 3RD 19.04 8.34 80TH 24.70 18.42 21.64 50TH 23.14 25.38 23.55 22.84 7.27 22.73 9.

94 30. 30.18 1748 98.70 1618 73. OF VARIATION = 8. 19.00 9 .10 MINIMUM 5.75 .61 1658 93.75 115 5.59 17.28 22. 9.00 . 27.00 15. 20.98 21.99 MEAN VALUE 8.40 1594 89.75 14 . 24.75 8 . 23.43 606 34.25 87 4.54 31.75 .05 SE(MEAN) .86 35 1.75 .64 27. BISPINOUS BREADTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 21.25 . 20.10 MAXIMUM 12.23 2200 99.75 .60 1418 79.05 2208 100.78 .75 139 7.06 195 10.59 70 3.93 158 7.75 .75 111 6.75 . . 22.75 .75 .25 .13 20.94 30.75 0 .43 24.58 22.84 421 23. 26.47 774 43.25 .87 123 6.25 .09 2202 99.92 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 18.75 .65 963 54.78 2.23 8 . 18.02 2. 17.25 .00 29.23 1772 99.02 1773 80.25 160 9. 28.75 1 .15 .46 23 1.72 16.75 72 4.91 28.36 16.25 5 .36 55.90 212 9. 24.85 2085 94.61 1426 64.68 1760 99.17 17.75 21 1.52 1516 85. OF VARIATION .25 .56 25.70 MINIMUM 6.25 0 .84 463 20.25 4 .75 2 .76 2000 90. 15.73 216 9.75 78 4.75 45 2.03 SE(STD DEV) .06 151 6.81 1.28 155 7.82 23.46 47 2.25 .58 24.45 1768 99.25 189 10. 22.35 5 .25 51 2.06 1774 100. 16.25 .75 . 31.3% COEF.22 KURTOSIS---VETA II a 2.90 282 15.75 .75 1 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES I MALES .08 116 5.25 24 1.66 1 . FPct CumP CumFPct CENT1METERS F FPct Cuml CumiPot 1 .94 29.05 STD DEVIATION .00 26.05 1 .59 20.31 72 4.25 .66 23. 17.32 122 5.25 185 10.24 SYMMETRY---VETA I .95 28.04 2186 99.05 2207 99.25 .25 3 .47 808 36.85 31 1. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .06 35 1.75 .00 1773 99. 19.94 17.34 105 4.25 .20 21.75 41 2.5% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .25 0 .75 178 10.02 1301 73.75 .79 18 1.25 1 .36 16 .60 1020 46.16 621 28.97 19.89 1 .13 19.30 MAXIMUM 11.11 .25 . 21.25 .96 25.21 4 .25 18.75 .25 64 3.00 101 .13 MEAN VALUE 9.16 190 8. 26.73 27.05 15.53 1895 85. 16.93 85 3. 21.92 18.04 SE(MEAN) .05 14.09 3 .11 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .75 8 .03 COEF.41 2195 99.21 312 14.25 .25 . 28.01 81 3.25 12 .13 2132 96.25 . 25.00 1 . 15.53 2 .14 15.17 4 .25 19 .06 1 . 29. 30.99 187 8. 29. 23.25 13 .21 46 2.73 31 1.02 .75 . 27.35 1727 97.75 168 9.25 98 5.63 192 8.18 2206 99.06 1773 99.97 29.75 .30 23.03 1141 64.98 STD DEVIATION .03 SE(STD DlV) .41 26.40 2163 97.54 1703 96. 25.00 1773 99.67 197 8.

78 1ST 29.10 102 .82 30.91 95TH 34.89 12.85 12.20 70TH 33.85 33.19 11.48 20TH 31.62 90TH 34.97 28.25 11.70 13.47 13.69 30.16 28.02 30.06 12.29 29.93 97TH 35.54 11.84 45TH 32.91 11.55 29. The teeth are lightly occluded.(15) BITRAGION CHIN ARC The surface distance between the right and left tragion landmarks across the chin landmark at the tip of the chin is measured with a tape.10 31.62 11.78 40TH 32.18 31.92 11. 31.21 12.83 14.69 30.76 30.56 11.83 13.39 15TH 31.39 29.37 13.91 2ND 29.28 75TH 33.06 13.08 11.27 .98 55TH 32.23 12.71 35TH 32.92 10.31 13.37 32.71 32.14 99TH 35.40 12.95 33.90 12.37 13.74 11.47 29.27 10TH 30.17 13.97 13.98 12.99 3RD 30.55 12.42 11.19 12.63 27.05 60TH 32.42 13.37 11.71 12.91 50TH 32.56 25TH 31.37 80TH 33.71 10.05 12.10 5TH 30.11 11.16 11.85 28.46 12.77 27.43 12.27 12.95 30.57 12.12 65TH 33.73 12.89 11.27 13. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHUS CM ICHES 27.78 12.48 85TH 33.68 12.64 30TH 31.60 12.62 29.42 11.02 98TH 35.08 13.51 32.

60 111 6.70 840 38.77 36.30 1733 97.10 .24 28.04 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.35 33 1.35 .07 52 2.18 10 .94 35.31.85 1 .78 37.75 1319 59.62 2063 93.06 1 .35 .27 1523 85.85 18 1.31 386 17.74 774 43.11 1772 99.36.85 0 .56 1743 98.b6 139 6.06 1773 99.99 30.94 313 14.35 .27.60 .60 40 2.10 .33.09 26.96 1465 82.60 28 1.34.25 1645 92.60 2 .06 2 .13 1377 77.10 105 5.31.09 33.89 1924 87.32.83 .73 34.60 .67 1983 89.23 13 .85 .70 1754 79.00 26.10 52 2.16 170 9.10 MINIMUM 10.28 27.93 222 12.94 37.69 35.34 29.55 33.09 26.86 2159 97.31.20 MAXIMUM 14.62 1605 90.85 .92 619 34. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CUaP CumlPct CENTINETERS F ot Cump Cwunmpt 2 .34 STD DEVIATION .52 1.i8 2207 99.60 . BITRAGION CHIN ARC FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 30.35 1 .00 1.81 31.88 29 1.89 80 3.46 29.10 58 3.85 .99 27.30.61 1286 72.30.65 SYMMETRY---VETA I a .06 1774 100.27.95 34.35 155 8.85 .03 SE(MEAN) .90 33 1.93 191 8.10 4 .14 SYMMETRY---VETA I .26 885 49.34.63 146 6.65 1170 52.10 .14 2201 99.85 .86 85 4.31 2188 99.30.10 1 .77 34.1% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .05 2198 99.14 31.89 648 29.33.09 2 .80 1838 83.26.35 1 .90 27.35 18 .60 10 .85 1 .89 43 1.10 .34. OF VARIATION .60 29 1.35.31.10 19 1.85 .26.21 30.47 1484 67.47 1 .29.60 .44 31.43 32.60 4 .00 1772 99.73 108 4.10 .48 28.10 105 5.29.63 114 6.73 4 .60 .80 MINIMUM 10.06 24 1.01 1761 99.60 .58 3 .97 540 24.02 SE(STD DEV) .85 88 4.85 16 .35 .82 36 1.08 1046 58.23 17 .34.49 9 .92 1151 64.07 COEF.05 2203 99.10 .51 170 7.35 .35 2 .35 .28.25 35.60 76 4.44 COEF.29.00 .63 27.00 2 .35 82 4.74 30.27 64 2.85 .39 :5.33.27.35 0 .66 36.78 32.33.28.60 .35 4 .10 .85 .11 4 .10 8 .94 KURTOSIS---VETA II .10 .82 27.63 34 1.00 .85 .10 7 .28 385 21.50 33.35 29.95 2140 96.11 58 2.27.36.00 MAXIMUM 13.05 2202 99.27 514 28.10 .10 C .53 1584 71.30 979 44.27 26.62 3 .85 56 3.30.36 18 .11 1770 99.66 1 .51 154 6.35 .73 1710 96.58 100 4.97 32.35.05 2208 100.26.35 23 1.60 .70 86 3.50 .93 32.45 26. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .35 .35 .32 STD DEVIATION .00 1 .23 109 4.58 MEAN VALUE 12.24 31.60 .97 59 2.93 1697 95.36.06 58 2.10 .35.02 SE(STD DEV) .42 84 3.35 .35 135 7.32.92 32.10 13 .60 4 .10 .60 91 5.43 165 7.32.27 35.18 28.03 SE(MEAN) .61 28.29.54 2097 94. 4.35 87 4.28 73 3.32.89 36. 3.74 30.37.41 2197 99.53 .85 161 9.37.60 .89 36.35 .10 .06 5 .60 2 .09 88 3.36.00 103 .39 1768 99.85 1 .85 .18 6 .90 309 17.29 MEAN VALUE 11.68 33.63 204 9. OF VARIATION = 4.96 19 .85 52 2.85 129 7.28.28.00 34.23 9 .96 192 8.85 .35.79 149 6.04 29.85 4 .

66 12.16 14.85 33.94 13.10 34.81 14.81 14.47 14.60 10TH 33.95 31.11 13.56 12.33 13.47 !3.95 12.49 13.17 .24 97TH 37.98 36.18 14.29 13.65 14.72 33.43 35.31 3RD 32. _ 34.20 13. The head is in the Frankfort plane.00 13.99 14.30 13.78 33.23 50TH 35.33 34.48 15.24 2ND 32.88 36.17 45TH 35.42 5TH 33.72 15TH 34.76 12.61 13.48 13.96 13.77 13.04 35TH 34.15 104 .84 13.49 32.24 34.11 40TH 35.06 14.10 95TH 37.76 85TH 36.00 12.81 14.66 BOTH 36.65 33.51 99TH 38.97 ~/ /33.90 25TH 34.66 13.(16) BITRAGION CORONAL ARC The surface distance between the right and left tragion landmarks across the top of the hesd is measured with a tape.28 12.71 31.65 14.39 32.81 20TH 34. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 30.50 70TH 35.89 12.08 12.90 90TH 36.86 31.91 33.40 14.75 36.29 13.87 14.26 13.68 13.54 12.30 55TH 35.78 12.97 14.01 13.45 13.97 30TH 34.43 65TH 35.34 98TH 38.26 32.17 13.07 32.36 60TH 35.29 12.56 35.57 32.12 1ST 32.70 13.12 13.03 34.58 75TH 36.43 14.30 12.

29.23 9 .93 119 5.78 318 17.26 33.06 1 .55 .95 .31.35 .5! 9 .75 780 35.49 78 3.15 2 .95 .31 2140 96.95 1 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CuF CumFPct CRNTIMETERS F FPct CuMr CumFPvt 2 . 33.95 .91 38.15 40 2.77 32.55 80 4.51 .12 130 5.75 . 36. 33.85 43 2.75 3 .95 .69 13 . 39.75 15 . OF VARIATION .03 1669 94.50 MAXIMUM 15.59 61 2. 32.75 1333 60.70 35.8% COEF.06 35 1.09 4 .12 31. 37.59 2091 94.21 454 547 20.20 882 49.68 1743 98.75 .55 0 .35 0 .20 MAXIMUM 15.15 12 .09 113 5.91 31.55 1 . 36. 3.48 1076 48.15 67 3. 37.15 .06 2 .a2 37.55 138 7.39 55 2.11 34.82 2171 98.15 1 .35 2 .12 35.15 18 1.55 251 14.17 6 .41 30.93 933 42.52 69 3. 39.15 COEF.43 39.95 17 .00 29.05 2207 99. 36.03 772 43.75 . 36.28 19 1.92 35. 30.94 35.00 1.63 149 6.34 37 1.35 5 .35 85 4. 38.23 2189 99.69 18 .58 665 37.75 4 .03 31.05 2208 !00.06 3 .55 37.05 2204 99.11 1773 99.59 2153 97.80 MINIMUM 11.19 SYMMETRY---VETA I .55 .05 2206 99.58 32.08 35.72 566 31.28 1769 99.38 127 5.62 1 .73 33.91 73 3.15 7 .32 26 1.35 .05 2203 99.89 1206 54.75 14 .77 37.64 MEAN VALUE 13.06 7 . .31 1864 84.06 34. 33.55 .90 1220 66.15 0 .00 105 . 32.75 .39 1591 72.39 4.18 30.55 31 1.77 39.95 38. 31.90 MINIMUM 11.75 113 6. 31.42 31.51 1760 99.00 1 .95 5 . 37. 33.56 24.73 29.05 1 .60 127 5.11 1771 99.91 38.76 30.87 20 .92 143 6. 38.44 0 .15 139 6. OF VARIATION .75 44 2.00 2206 99.95 1 .00 .00 2 .15 . 34.00 1 .59 2184 98.37 33.35 .86 37.' VALUE 13.75 .05 2198 99. 3.29 STD DEVIATION .00 1396 78.52 105 5.91 .95 .20 144 8.21 1 .06 6 .92 5 .35 - .75 1700 95.35 8 45 1751 98 70 0 .62 33.95 . 35.95 38.95 51 2.55 .95 17 .92 1325 74.75 .49 241 10.17 36 1.25 1 .00 .00 1 .51 36. 34.83 1 .75 0 .04 2056 93.13 2011 91. 38. 35. 32. 35.00 KURTOSIS---VETA II .75 31. 31.35 27 1.15 .47 500 20.25 1633 52.00 2207 99.96 60 3.11 28 1.35 110 6.61 35.35 71 4. 39.73 37.86 30.95 . 38.15 . 38.37 1133 63. BITRAGION CORONAL ARC FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 33.50 36.35 .09 2 . 35.18 13 .06 2 .75 .30 1472 66.35 0 .15 105 5.48 188 10.20 13 .35 .18 29.95 .95 87 4.18 90 4.75 . 30.51 28 1.24 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.42 34.35 .00 39.23 1764 99.26 335 15.15 .78 1020 57.55 .18 2202 99.55 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .35 .01 78 4.02 SE(STD DEV) .09 29.96 1731 97.15 .33 32.06 4 .67 33.72 1542 86.24 35.14 36.83 1 .35 .95 99 5. 34. 32.36 2197 99.15 .4 2 106 4.55 .55 1 .80 653 29.75 .7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .59 30.51 1476 83.06 5 . 34.98 1701 77.35 . 33.35 36 2.55 .00 1 .55 9 .75 66 3.50 35 1.72 110 4.08 4 . 3.08 1791 81. 35.79 94 4.06 1774 100.91 36.27 19 .77 29 1.91 2111 95. 37.53 1942 87.03 SE(MEAN) .79 403 22.27 89 4.11 24 1.95 38.07 119 93 5.15 .17 32.55 32.15 .04 34.55 97 5.51 1.95 63 3.03 SE(MEAN) .40 153 6.80 8 .00 2207 99.95 . 36. 37.55 .79 1714 96.29 STD DEVIATION . 30. 30.95 34.57 32. 34.15 107 6. 30.15 . 31.02 SE(STD DEV) .55 39 2.05 2205 99.68 186 8.00 1 .75 .75 66 3.72 i5 2.39 14 .95 .95 0 .72 0 .33 M.06 7 .32 36.58 1 .87 1593 89.

75 11.34 11.93 97TH 34.02 29.77 12.87 12.24 2ND 30.01 98TH 35.22 13.42 5TH 30.15 13.55 12.38 75TH 33.37 29.15 ) 31.76 20TH 31.85 12.52 12.60 12.24 11.60 12.06 13.61 13.(17) BITRAGION CRINION ARC The surface distance between the right and left tragion landmarks across the top of the forehead at the lowest point of the hairline (crinion) is measured with a tape.2 32.20 60TH 32.99 106 .04 13.26 65TH 33.12 IST 30.47 12.13 12.19 11.14 12.83 12.75 12.58 10TH 31.44 S32.27 29.78 30.45 80TH 33.82 95TH 34.66 30.15 13.32 70TH 33.84 33.45 12.83 12.11 29.84 30.40 13.32 3RD 30.89 / 31.46 12.54 85TH 33.92 13.75 33.05 45TH 32.73 12.64 12.16 12.84 13.38 13.00 40TH 32.01 31.66 11.01 11.33 11.14 99TH 35.07 11.65 90TH 34.00 12.95 28.53 30.23 31.31 12.08 \ 31.89 30TH 32. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 28.90 12.03 11.40 11.15 55TH 32.46 30.72 30.82 25TH 31.86 11.65 12.00 12.94 35TH 32.16 12.43 12.60 15TH 31.56 11.63 32.95 31.60 30.84 28.10 50TH 32.29 12.60 13.52 13.

82 2 .70 MAXIMUM 13.23 96 4.24 1453 65.17 1984 89. 3.75 1 . OF VARIATION .64 MEAN VALUE 12.84 32.75 636 28.82 33.99 28.92 1075 61.28.15 . 31.02 SE(STD DEV) . 29.32 27.23 27.6% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .15 .06 35. 34.41 33. 33. 28.09 27.69 149 6.11 32.56 30.35 111 6.75 27 1. 31. 34.00 1747 99.06 5 .95 7 .00 .35 62 3.06 29.95 121 6.06 1749 100.71 35.80 29.95 .17 4 .35 .89 36.75 9 .07 STD DEVIATION .55 123 7.05 26.29 954 54.07 30.55 .75 77 4.35 2 .83 1300 74.27.75 .54 234 13.05 1 .27.29 1271 57.46 .27.30 775 35.12 1608 91.00 2204 99.14 139 6.54 28 1.95 65 3.06 1748 99.35 .75 .75 2 .35 378 17.10 30.95 .83 157 7.35 37 2.35 18 1.95 36 1.27 2184 98.54 34. OF VARIATION .75 .09 26. 32. 32.26 37 1.86 35.35 .00 2206 99.49 282 12.15 8 .15 .28. 35.12 29. 36.02 5 .15 17 .08 2094 94. 30.95 101 5. 29.15 .91 34.75 32.13 2156 97.95 40 2.50 6 .89 28.03 610 34.63 161 7.81 30.68 2131 96. 32.70 MINIMUM 10.03 844 48.55 25 1.90 2048 92.11 1610 72.00 2178 98.40 12 .91 33. 30. 30.06 1747 99.76 31.18 2204 99.20 KURTOSIS---VETA II w 3. .75 .75 MEAN VALUE 12.00 34.55 3 .55 26 1.29 309 17. 32.15 .27 28.89 36.71 487 27. B1TRAGION CRINION ARC FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 30.75 25 1.94 487 22.15 .97 1715 98.00 34.11 1746 99.15 51 2.72 44 1.72 27.55 .42 1.03 38 2.82 33.85 . 35.95 19 1.17 176 7.67 92 4.00 MAXIMUM 14.95 .00 2 . 34.17 1831 82.27 30. 36.35 721 41.08 34.83 36.15 123 7.15 75 3.51 32.15 .02 SH(MEAN) .95 . 29.35 .52 1652 94.55 1 .83 36.75 .55 44 2.95 9 .75 110 6.03 1198 68.5% COEF.15 .09 2208 100.08 SYMMETRY---VETA I a . 34. 37.26 28.09 2206 99.46 22 1.09 4 . 27.84 1739 78.35 .93 11.76 1914 86.26.35 1 .35 102 5.40 386 22. 3.57 SYMMETRY---VETA 1 . 29.92 182 8. 32.92 31.75 0 .94 0 .06 77 3.08 0 .95 3 . 33. 36. 33.15 2 .03 56 3.00 1.18 70 3.86 31.15 0 .43 81 4.22 46 2.09 94 4.75 . 33. 28. 33.09 1698 97.16 STD DEVIATION .95 .64 33.35 14 . 31.77 29.00 26.33 11 .35 0 .03 SE(MEAN) .00 2 . 35.95 .95 0 .95 .36 4 .97 951 43. 30.05 5 .75 .15 48 2.54 1679 96.55 18 1.15 123 7.03 35.94 36.55 3 .17 28.28 29. 34.30 MINIMUM 11.09 7 .35 .75 .23 2200 99.55 .18 27.54 35.35 .88 64 2.26. 35.55 .06 1 .74 1571 89.84 70 3.20 1110 50.75 76 4.50 2195 99.91 34.15 .72 1523 87.64 32.17 KURTOSIS---VETA II .45 2 . 36.55 .63 130 5. 36.69 1382 79. 30.41 16 .35 .64 32.07 83 3.15 1 .55 .38 129 5.17 1732 99.29 109 4.09 26.55 .00 107 .00 .55 .95 .35 16 .51 1741 99.55 .55 75 4.28.75 .40 205 9.01 COEF.92 172 9.75 1 .55 .46 20 1.55 82 4.15 .68 31. 31.75 24 1.55 .95 . 29.66 37.35 1458 83. 3.29 121 6.05 2 .80 1729 98.35 .75 .75 .17 1744 99.95 .02 SE(STD DEV) .95 1 .20 159 7.51 29.15 12 .00 1746 99.55 1 .95 . 35. 1749 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETRRS F FPct cum? Cumpict 1 . 31.35 .27.

97 28.69 12.45 10.07 11.34 29.66 11.98 12. 30.23 12.08 29.83 90TH 31.01 13.65 80TH 31.31 27.94 15TH 29.38 55TH 30.34 12.23 27.97 11.85 11.82 12.90 11.(18) BITRAGION FRONTAL ARC The surface distance between the right and left tragion landmarks across the forehead just above the ridges of the eyebrow is measured with a tape.75 28.54 10.15 12.72 12.62 28.41 11.17 26.54 11.93 10.38 11.52 11.20 -.15 11. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 26.86 28.00 108 .09 97TH 32.78 11.80 11.03 29.17 10.92 12.42 .81 28.55 12.13 11.31 11.69 12.43 60TH 30.73 85TH 31.28 45TH 30.55 12.69 28.14 29.83 12.54 27.53 2ND 28.01 20TH 29.51 11.99 11.73 11.50 12.23 40TH 30.53 70TH 30.74 10.99 95TH 32." / 29.02 11.87 31.41 IST 28.25 12.28 11.59 75TH 31.70 5TH 28.53 30. .18 11.69 30.92 28.33 50TH 30.17 98TH 32.30 99TH 33.41 11.18 35TH 29.84 10TH 29.08 25TH 29.29 11.69 11.13 30TH 29.26 * 29.60 3RD 28.60 11.45 11. : .48 65TH 30.27 11.14 11.06 11.09 26.43 11.78 10.79 30.45 27.

55 2 .55 . 27.95 3 . .67 32.14 135 7.83 32.17 26.17 8. 31.95 9 .5% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CUMP CumuPct CENTIM]TERS F FPct CumF CumlPct 1 .15 65 3.54 27 1.11 3 .00 1773 99.55 0 .05 1 .55 33. 29.84 909 41.55 21 . .31 1325 74.75 .15 .75 22 1.79 29.95 .95 5 .94 34.06 1773 99. 26.00 MINIMUM 9.62 2022 91. OF VARIATION = 3.22 26.95 48 2.95 .35 405 18.15 .88 2 .72 2162 97. 34.11 562 25. 28.95 . 26. 28.95 109 6.91 30.30 28.47 1700 95.71 975 54.15 . 26.95 1 .05 25.75 3 .00 1 .00 109 FI ] I I iiI .50 25.02 SE(MEAN) .55 .15 . 25.37 32.00 1769 99.98 .35 82 4.17 1942 87.45 157 7.84 27.09 2206 99.75 .56 1243 56.95 33 1.55 .49 103 4.00 .35 .60 34.17 28.55 .55 3 .15 1 .75 477 26.55 .03 0 3.95 .94 34.75 .09 2208 100.35 11 .19 30.75 .35 .09 25.95 . 33.24 32.41 1725 97.85 1514 85.69 5 .i.94 34.18 15 .51 1754 98.22 28.25.27 2204 99.17 151 6. 27. 27.55 25 1.95 .96 25 1. 32.06 48 2.75 0 .90 148 6.56 1076 48. 282 15.35 .95 .14 25. 27.15 .15 1 .87 32.55 .75 102 5.35 4 .27 25..95 44 2.06 30.99 27.34 30.38 22 1.55 86 4.35 . 31.15 .71 1850 83.23 2189 99.95 .76 2083 94.35 .24 375 21.35 26 1.15 .00 COEF.89 33.27 158 7.55 .6.27 1104 62.05 24.32 33.75 .14 586 33.40 2 .95 38 2.00 25. 28. 31. 26. BITRAGION FRONTAL ARC FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 28.15 44 2. 30.4% COEF.95 .55 1 .41 2198 99. 34. 32.35 0 .70 1746 79.62 309 13.55 .14 6 .36 32.94 34.35 . 1772 99.45 27.99 STD DEVIATION .35 12 .79 MEAN VALUE 11.55 31.3-1 97 ).55 93 5.75 . 33.47 167 7.53 229 10.15 .34 27.92 '440 65.51 17 .80 MAXIMUM 13.15 136 7.02 SE(STD DEV) .14 104 4.95 3 .35 .95 109 6.23 11 .55 .72 33.15 0 .81 1428 80. 31.75 .58 173 7.75 41 2.95 .55 28 1.92 30.25 38 1.00 MAXIMUM 12.48 1674 94. 28.35 134 7.33 28.00 .35 . 30.06 1586 89.15 .58 29.58 56 4. 30.55 .13 2146 97.23 16 .13 1745 98.25.68 26.00 1773 99.75 20 1.55 856 48.15 4 . 32.17 80 3.15 112 6.14 1213 68. 33. 34.72 33.75 .06 1 .42 .34 6 .16 167 7.17 26.50 9 .75 .29. OF VARIATION = 3.48 1630 91.22 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.75 0 .00 1 .55 119 6. 27. 29.15 8 .18 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.37 27.10 MINIMUM 10. 30.61 197 8.88 736 33.05 3 . 25.75 2 .72 2121 96.00 SE(STD DEV) .62 28 -i. 33.66 26. 33.28 96 4. 26. 29.91 31.05 2 .70 SYMMETRY---VETA I = . 30.67 722 40.95 29.35 . 25.06 STD DEVIATION .66 200 11.35 103 5.37 29.70 61 2.35 0 .39 1.35 1 .06 1774 100.00 2184 98.75 129 7. 28. 34.16 1598 72.75 72 4.11 5 .35 .96 174 7.06 78 3.00 .00 31.00 1773 99.73 28.06 SYMMETRY---VETA I .08 29.84 27.17 1769 99.15 9 .15 .45 1762 99. 31. 32. 32.03 SE(IEAN) .14 31.00 70 3. 34.75 .89 92 4.82 31.33 30.43 MEAN VALUE 11. 29.23 1766 99.

03 27.86 50TH 30.24 11.93 12.21 30.20 11.37 12.23 10TH 28.91 11.55 10.32 11.10 99TH 34.73 40TH 30.54 1O.09 10.51 90TH 32.90 12.89 27.78 9.26 28.56 12.95 30.69 25.94 98TH 33.02 11.(19) BITRAGION SUBMANDIBULAR ARC The surface distance between the right and left tragion landmarks across the submandibular landmark at the juncture of the jaw and the neuk is measured with a tape.83 11.71 95TH 32.20 75TH 31.60 30Td 29.66 11.26 26.94 12.V4 25.50 26.59 26.66 35TH 29.06 5TH 28.25 10. The head is in the Frankfort plane and the teeth are lightly occluded.05 65TH 30.73 10.74 11.39 110 .08 9.57 10.87 2ND 27.57 29.28 9.95 3RD 27.35 28.99 10.94 11.52 25TH 29 13 11.28 80TH 31.10 28.06 11.67 27.79 45TH 30.24 11.01 13.07 11.38 11.35 15TH 28.74 27.89 10.63 12.39 26.60 11.75 1ST 27.73 12.98 60TH 30.41 10.56 13.28 13.78 10.44 11.32 12.15 12. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES Cm INCIUCS 24.38 85TH 31.64 11.18 28.20 11.52 10.82 27.10 30.92 55TH 30.11 11.45 28.74 12.92 10.73 10.72 29.94 25.12 70TH 31.28 10.15 10.84 97TH 33.07 25.96 27.44 20TH 29.

69 SYMMETRY---VZTA I .29.75 206 11.36.27.16 28.90 33.00 1773 99.32.15 27.75 .25 .00 1773 99. OF VARIATION .24 2 .25 226 12.13 344 15.75 1750 96.34 300 13.75 8 .79 20 1.41 62 2.03 SE(MEAN) .63 1299 73.77 34.34.25 0 .05 1 . .31.00 1773 99.02 S3(STD DEV) .09 2206 99.25 .10 MINIMUM 10.68 1762 99.75 178 8.08 149 6.19 369 20.75 .60 MEAN VALUE 10.40 28.25 62 3.75 97 5.14 573 25.00 30.16 1719 96.32.75 .54 26.75 .59 873 39.00 32.50 MINIMUM 9.50 1.75 .75 .35.25 .58 1217 55. 3.75 3 .25 1 .28 STD DEVIATION .94 36.27 7 .17 SYMMETRY---VETA I .75 6 .25 .45 STD DEVIATION .52 47 2.22 8 .37.25 .42 MEAN VALUE 11.33.25 . . BITRAGION SUBMANDIBULAR ARC FEMALES MALES INfCHES fI.29.75 0 .25 14 .25 .66 2099 95.75 .00 .25 26.25 17 . s 27.14 KURTOSIS---VETA II .28.36 2204 99.21 KURTOSIS---VETA II .75 2 .75 160 9.45 1075 60.24 1996 90.75 1 .94 36.94 37.34.25 .59 59 2.75 .24.00 1.95 32.45 1770 99.75 81 4.30.25 .37. 3.14 265 12.00 .24.61 102 8.06 29.03 Sx(MEAN) .25 123 6.36.04 1549 70.17 246 11.25 .09 24.91 31.90 MAXIMUM 12.75 .30.57 .32 34.25 . 4.05 2207 99.25 224 12.25 3 .05 2208 100.75 .60 10 .94 35.17 3 .17 6 .28 32.87 30.06 1774 100.8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .31.00 111 .77 24 1.45 2196 99.02 S3(STD DEV) .75 .06 327 14.28.95 26.81 2161 97.75 .25 90 4.87 29.25 12 .35.02 1459 02.11 1773 99.83 35.75 27 1.74 801 45.65 33.93 1582 89.74 1 .26.75 31 1.00 23. OF VARIATION .13 2186 99.12 27.98 .30 MAXIMUM 14.80 103 4.47 206 11.33.75 25.27.61 575 32.26.75 274 15.75 .23.25 56 3.25 0 .46 30. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .6% COEF.15 25 1. 4.32 23.25 .57 1663 93.95 37.25 .25 163 9. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct Cumrl Cumyfct CENTIMETERS r Flct Cum• Cumrft 1 .81 25.49 109 6.00 1614 82.24 COEF.82 31.25.67 24.25.65 332 15.05 23.15 .75 35 1.25 .06 1771 99.25 .18 1 .

20 26.62 11.92 12.61 11.34 12.79 45TH 29.39 15TH 29.78 10. 27.72 10.44 11.43 30. FEMALES MALES CR INCHES CH INCHIS 25.63 12.04 26.33 27.05 11.95 29.19 11.15 10.66 28. THE PERCENTILES .04 65TH 29.91 55TH 29.44 27.14 10.85 50TH 29. -.67 35TH 28.6t 25.56 12.88 10.06 3RD 27.72 10.27 80TH 30.72 .55 10.15 STH 27.11 10.23 29.52 25.04 11.06 12.29 10TH 27.36 11.11 70TH 29.97 10.78 10.47 11.57 10.60 10. 28.78 10.99 2ND 26. 28.34 30.10 11..49 27.38 27.94 11.57 112 .78 26.54 25TH 28.06 29.91 11. .98 18T 26.55 / -.20 11.63 11.78 97TH 31.61 30TH 28.13 26.26 10.13 11.38 9.64 11.85 98TH 31.95 99TH 31.77 11.26 11.73 40TH 28.11 9.22 11.95 10.60 28.39 10.39 10.19 75TH 29.49 90TH 30.37 85TH 30.33 11.79 28.47 20TH 28.98 60TH 29.35 11.94 26.26 27.05 11.(20) BITRAGION SUBNASALE ARC The surface distance between the right and left tragion landmarks across the subnasale landmark just under the nose is measured with a tape.77 11.67 95TH 31.91 11.62 25.88 11.41 10.86 -.42 11.

95 b .35 4 .15 104 5.60 1237 69.15 33 1.16 136 6.3 24.05 4 .55 140 7.6'.00 .67 28.55 . 4.00 1. 25. 31.15 .36 115 5.35 33 1.16 617 34.75 .07 COEF. 32.02 SE(STD DEV) .09 2206 99. 24. 28.11 1774 100.08 300 13.48 27.36 22 1.95 59 3.r4 72 3.75 1 .33 233 13.01 27.75 127 7.74 29.95 1 .39 111 5. 2ft.27 2199 99.59 30.21.93 28.18 SYMMETRY---VETA I .09 89 5.95 96 5.15 21 .15 5 .54 2170 98.75 47 2. 32.40 32.17 7 .95 . 30.8f 1437 dlJ0 19 .55 .15 . 30.86 1724 97.6 5.11 STD DEVIATION .69 28.15 .59 26.75 6 .06 3 .02 SE(STD DEV) .15 .48 1106 50. 28.24 52 2.14 3 .2% COEF.45 387 21. 32.65 174 9.26 1980 89.75 .00 24. 32.55 38 2.38 32. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F Fpct Cumv CumFPct CINTIMETERS F FPct CuMF CUMFPot 3 .87 29. OF VARIATION .89 1120 63. 32.62 26.50 MINIMUM 10. 26.95 30 1.75 .45 1758 99.55 60 3.75 .49 2035 92.23 308 17.55 1 .75 .49 1908 86.95 25.80 MAXIMUM 12.21 1627 73.35 84 4.06 1 . 26.35 .15 .03 SE(MEAN) . 24. 29.00 113 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .76 1347 61.07 120 5. 25.55 .1 6.35 1 .09 27.15 . 30.16 29.91 31. 26.62 30 1.84 KURTOSIS---VETA II .28 1763 99.35 .34 19 1.55 .84 25./7 4 . 3.26 1831 82.02 SE(MEAN) . 28.13 165 7.95 .15 .17 STD DEVIATION .17 1770 99.23 1767 99.09 2208 100.11 35 1.67 210 9.15 132 7. 29.84 805 36.69 1658 93.3 1.30 1581 89.55 13 . 31.75 .9! .35 .46 26.77 30.55 .17 59 2.7.06 43 1.35 79 4.00 .%a 77 3.55 .16 29.62 MEAN VALUE 10.32 2 .43 632 28.63 2115 95.15 .95 .55 103 5.03 411 18.95 1.14 24. 29.35 3 .86 1691 95.05 2204 99.19 26.75 .12 6 . 25. 30.10 31.95 2 .55 11 . 94 4.95 2136 96.1d 2 . 3.73 1737 97.35 .31 25.61 26.95 1.19 2193 9-. 28.23 90 4.24 44 1. 29.35 . 27.95 .75 117 6.14 34 1.16 963 43.55 6 .95 104 5.36 24.61 27. OF VARIATION .16 1242 56.46 1.j 1521 85.36 '3 3.69 173 7.15 22 1.8? 110 4. 27.91 SYMMETRY---VETA I .20 MINIMUM 9. 27.86 2189 99.15 1 .02 143 6.95 8 .55 3 .46 1 .35 30 1.8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .55 .82 30.75 47 2.35 37 2.91 31.53 25.95 .75 13 .74 4 .14 127 7.06 4 . 31.65 1628 91.73 21 .44 853 4b.55 . 28.75 2 .81 105 4.06 2 .35 .73 101 4.44 .75 6 .08 55 2.65 31.86 721 40.98 1737 78. 30.35 .04 31.20 MEAN VALUE 11.18 2203 99.55 4 .79 29.25 27.75 .18 P .25 25.59 11.51 25.95 .00 31.77 32.55 .89 32. 29.35 . 25.50 .00 24.15 75 4.08 KURTOSIS---VETA II a 2. 27.41 28.41 1333 73.:j 36 1.47 1512 68.61 32.35 127 7.57 512 23.75 .15 . 26.28 ?9.34 13 .35 .93 158 '.27 14 . 31.95 .81 490 27. 31. 26. 27.11 1772 99.14 30. BITRAGION SUBNASALE ARC FEMALES MALES INCHES CM INCHES 27.16 980 5j. 25.73 1750 98.99 2079 94.67 28.50 MAXIMUM 12.18 24.32 30.

19 12.74 5.27 70TH 14.14 45TH 13.82 3RD 13.10 12.43 5.16 5.48 5.24 65TH 14.35 12.68 99TH 15.47 13.64 13.95 5.21 60TH 14.61 13.11 5.33 B0TH 14.71 13.79 2ND 12.79 5.64 5.95 5.49 4.38 5.23 4.41 12.03 25TH 13.44 12.76 13.24 5.08 4.24 5.14 12.33 4.67 14.92 10TH 13.11 40TH 13.02 5.00 20TH 13.38 12.04 5.09 5.70 5.61 4.31 12.50 95TH 14.42 6.09 35TH 13.89 5.63 5.37 85TH 14.51 5. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCUS 12.81 5.16 50TH 14.96 15TH 13.78 5.26 12.58 13.19 55TH 14.45 5.03 12.41 5.92 5.17 4.86 5.55 13.66 5.32 5.17 5.(21) BIZYGOMATIC BREADTH The maximum horizontal breadth of the face (between the zygomatic arches) is measured with a spreading caliper.58 5.52 13.05 5.85 5TH 13.07 114 .18 5.31 5.36 5.54 5.49 13.75 1ST 12.06 30TH 13.99 5.

06 5 .05 .00 .80 MINIMUM 4. .25 14 .39 809 36.82 918 51.95 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F pllt Cumi Cum•Pat CENTIMTERS r Ipct Cu.95 116 6.78 14.45 1447 81.13 MEAN VALUE 5.11 53 2.51 312 17.95 .62 47 2.49 13.15 0 .35 5 .35 10 .i8 2192 99. 14.54 70 3.79 1730 97.65 15.34 22 1.06 1585 89.05 0 .01 14. 13.93 1162 65.45 53 2.34 SYMMETRY---VETA I .00 14.26 SYMMETRY---VETA I .95 0 .85 2039 92.05 33 1.65 .00 SE(MEAN) .57 65 2.0% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .00 SE(MEAN) . OF VARIATION .24 13. 13.11 69 3.56 STD DEVIATION .18 11. 15. 12.65 116 6.00 1 .59 110 4.95 .06 3 .45 1766 99.25 .35 .23 2197 99.13 88 3.55 15.05 MEAN VALUE 5.05 .17 14.79 36 2.85 121 6. 15. BIZYGOMATIC BREADTH FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 13.89 16.13 192 8.07 668 30.09 2199 99.63 12.06 2 .75 .00 2 .03 83 4.05 .10 MINXIMUM 6.75 .82 36 1. 14.40 123 5.53 . 13. 12.65 66 3.15 989 44.93 179 8. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .77 2181 98. 11.51 16 .76 7 . 13.91 16.85 1 . 14.65 .98 1888 85.50 STD DEVIATION .00 .75 .65 4 .45 10 . 12.93 36 1.11 1774 100.18 8 .09 2206 99.95 .82 681 38.26 1273 71.54 428 24.55 .99 232 13. 14.22 .15 36 2.15 .17 13.91 2 .65 .73 12.00 1766 99.15 .63 2125 96.75 9 . 14. 15.51 13.54 797 44.18 KURTOSIS---VETA II a 3.85 51 2.06 1772 99.22 2 .56 1758 99.26 2089 94.16 512 23.82 2164 98.55 .05 .06 1 .57 18 .09 14.36 11. 14. 4.77 15.85 .65 0 .05 11 .79 12. 12.85 6 .61 13.53 13. 13.59 14.44 560 31.85 1 .68 178 8.36 1368 77. 12.25 123 6.05 .45 .39 a 2.05 121 6.95 14 . 12.23 13 . 14.15 25 1.83 15.00 SE(STD DEV) .24 141 6.11 1509 6P 34 13.15 .75 132 7.55 1 . 15.75 . 3.19 12.00 1 .75 4 .00 13.82 14.06 34 1.87 1636 92.15 COEF.23 7 .39 136 6. 3.45 95 5.50 14.35 . .00 MAXIMUM 5.66 1656 7b. 15. 12.00 1 .55 80 4.06 18 .18 4 .03 180 8.90 156 7.86 1699 95.95 0 . 11.57 12.03 259 11.25 .16 179 10.11 67 3.45 .00 11.10 15.18 15.35 13.50 17 .75 . OF VARIATION .25 40 2.82 11.85 .15 121 6.65 .25 123 6.11 4 . 13.64 12.28 14.56 1748 98. 13.35 111 6.55 8 .91 14. 13.69 1666 93.75 5 .35 .24 13.57 5 .35 . 13.35 56 3.75 72 4. 15.09 2208 100.38 1152 52.28 1771 99.03 12.55 .00 1772 99.8% COEF.25 1 .95 2146 97. 15.25 12.25 .85 . 12.00 2 .61 11.30 376 17.70 MINIMUM 4. 16.55 .24 KURTOSIS---VETA II .70 12.41 1724 97.17 117 5.53 15. 15. 14.45 0 .45 .32 2188 99. 14.85 .85 . 13.75 21 .82 1039 58.05 0 .25 .97 15.00 1772 99.45 .15 2 .00 SE(STD DEV) .95 . 15.53 1778 80. 11.89 15.95 30 1.23 2204 99.65 . 1.65 153 7.29 2 .00 115 .89 15.23 18 .99 1976 89.35 0 .09 147 6.08 122 5.re Cuimlmt 4 .06 1330 60.55 15.00 .19 14. 12.17 12.06 5 .55 79 4.20 .15 . 15.72 1513 85. 16. 12.59 11.

46 7.34 95TH 2c4.55 7.14 9.60 70TH 22.27 50TH 21.31 7.84 25TH 20.39 6.82 9.41 6.35 55TH 21.54 8.24 5TH 18.38 6. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.02 15.87 17.26 7.07 8.66 7.18 7.20 18.50 97TH 25.15 7.18 8.62 6.09 90TH 24.10 3RD 18.82 8.(22) BUSTPOINT/rHELION-BUSTPOINTfTHELION BREADTH The distance between the right and left bustpoint landmarks on women and the center of the nipples (thelion) on men is measured with a beam caliper. The measurement ismade at the maximum point of quiet respiration.46 10TH 19.02 35TH 20.99 21.55 8.81 8OTH 23. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead.99 17.11 6.61 15TH 19.50 6.46 21.15 22.87 19.13 7.67 19.74 20TH 19.84 7.88 5.08 7.36 9.19 45TH 21.26 20.98 7.86 1ST 17.26 8.57 8.59 8.63 90TH 25.53 9.43 60TH 22.83 7.90 19.25 6.51 65TH 22.29 18.70 75TH 22.48 10.87 7.55 16.83 99TH 26.80 6.43 8.52 8.73 17.79 10.01 8.54 7.11 40TH 21.!77 21. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 14.30 16.30 8.94 30TH 20.14 15.81 8.49 10.57 18.03 9.85 15.43 116 .85 6.93 85TH 23.10 17.63 7.83 7.01 2ND 17.39 18.29 7.05 7.11 20.77 8.91 8.76 19.

89 27.69 21.43 1902 86.03 SE(STD DEV) . 19. BUSTPOINTfTHELION-BUSTPOINT/THELION BREADTH FEMALES MALES M INCHES CM INCHES 7.96 11 .15.05 KURTOSIS---VETA II . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F Flot Cump CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct Cu.23 171 7.03 SE(MEAN) .11 SYMMETRY---VETA I .01 1736 97.25 .8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .25 .50 1520 68. 27.75 117 6. OF VARIATION .47 597 33.50 .93 2033 92.91 23.75 .55 26.25 186 10.61 17.75 168 9.75 23 1.25 .75 4 .09 2 .46 164 7. 3.31 91 4.25 190 10.04 SR(MEAN) .73 1266 57.25 6 .86 1718 96. CumfPct 2 .74 .25 1 .25 51 2.60 1559 87.04 40 1.75 119 6.46 985 44.25 .88 2 .00 . 8.25 137 7.05 COEF.13.71 292 16.84 25.27 281 12.99 111 6.14.50 L4.54 17 .62 STD DEVIATION .50 MAXIMUM 11.34 20. 20.75 169 9. 18.75 . 26.25 62 3.83 16.15 15.17.17.23 4 . 25.86 25.75 .36 47 2.75 18 1.28 22.12 15.71 19.18 131 5.89 27.25 .8.25 .47 58 3.75 53 2.15.25 .25 .75 .59 2192 99.75 170 9.09 16.25 0 .13.03 180 8.93 311 14.8% COEF.72 429 24.48 1143 64.75 .65 72 3.00 1772 99.75 .50 2203 99.58 957 53.80 253 11.25 130 7.00 23. 19.15 17.10 MAXIMUM 9.00 1630 91. .13 2152 97.00 117 .07 32 1.77 22.73 250 11.10 1685 94.26 254 11.81 14.25 14 .25 71 4.25 26 1.16.25 .04 16.75 . 21. 20.46 21.73 .89 STD DEVIATION .75 .14 13.74 482 21.q8 24.09 2208 100.95 27 1.32 732 33.51 13 .59 MEAN VALUE 8.25 . 18.75 .34 1772 99.49 28.14 19.23 13.02 SE(STD DEV) .75 .00 .75 2 .64 1.91 24.09 12.09 5 .25 . 23.00 1772 99. 22.22 SYMMETRY---VETA I n .29 3 . 28. 21.90 1766 99.75 55 3.33 1442 81.11 1774 100.80 MINIMUM 5. 24. 22. 25.75 2 .87 1738 78. OF VARIATION .43 13 .75 .22 2179 98.2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .71 787 44.75 19 1.05 3 .25 131 5. 23.75 .25 .26 2105 95.84 18.75 .8.25 33 1.25 9 .75 .14.75 0 .75 89 4.65 26. 26. 24.14 2206 99.07 20.00 32.25 .50 MINIMUM 6.77 14.25 12 .25 .28 21.75 .25 .25 .75 16 .53 1312 73.34 18.02 1.89 28.48 MEAN VALUE 7.75 218 9. 27. 28.20 KURTOSIS---VETA II m 3.16.79 1750 98.49 173 9.

23 91.45 35.32 96.12 38.98 50TH 98.79 44.72 37.02 36.42 25TH 94.71 39.18 34.08 37.78 37.13 43.71 118 .87 41.13 95TH 109.38 36.61 40.27 99TH 113.08 10TH 90.87 3RD 87.63 39.56 40.33 101.23 70TH 101.95 107.26 98.82 97TH 110.08 35TH 95.29 104.46 39.56 39. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight equally distributed on both feet.14 33.76 42.01 112.57 38.69 90.63 43.31 34.04 93.76 33.51 36.59 75TH 102.89 65TH 100.09 35.25 33.71 94.34 33.13 1ST 84.34 38.55 110.37 85. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CH INCHES 84.96 37.89 89.85 40.32 5TH 88.92 108.12 36.47 37.38 94.00 80TH 103.94 97.00 42.03 42.63 34.64 35.36 98TH 111.77 30TH 94.(23) BUTTOCK CIRCUMFERENCE The horizontal circumference of the trunk at the level of the maximum protrusion of the right buttock is measured with a tape.28 55TH 98.79 38.66 92.58 60TH 99.99 38.45 44.69 45TH 97.63 97.57 44.56 2ND 86.59 99.02 95.49 85TH 104.39 40TH 96.94 100.99 86.38 87.54 41.91 38.45 40.04 33.23 38.13 90TH 106.47 41.61 15TH 92.04 20TH 93.20 37.97 37.77 102.56 39.55 36.

89 122.41 2185 98.57 105. 102.38 87.55 .34 8 .15 39 1.62 1420 80.55 2 .34 1642 74.04 78.32 2199 99. 85.86 9 .93 1546 87.61 94.05 2 .90 1736 97.55 .37 1681 94.55 56 3.01 58 3.55 .55 22 1.55 42 2. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CUMF CwnfPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CUMF CuMFPct 1 . 79. 124. 89.05 78.55 . 101.11 3 .31 1924 87.32 97 4.55 .64 93.42 73 3.55 0 . 90.55 38 2.79 1759 99.55 .53 450 20.17 1494 84. OF VARIATION .24 80 4.39 1766 99.59 29 1.77 115.37 MEAN VALUE 38.30 100 4.55 47 2.50 MINIMUM 31.55 97 5. 106.72 4 .39 29 1. 91.55 108 6.37 7 .55 .55 .69 329 18.55 2 .00 1771 99. 81.07 1851 83.55 0 .55 .77 97.55 3 .73 20 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 109. 6.34 92.14 5 . 3. 95.73 .96 111.36 2176 98.55 .05 2208 100.23 KURTOSIS---VETA II .55 . 107.55 108 6.55 . 120.04 .55 37 2.06 1772 99.76 7 . 104.17 13 .05 75 3.53 103.10 SE(STD DEV) .81 1141 64.00 91.55 13 .55 .14 8 . 118.55 111 6. 93.72 82.06 1774 100. 110.15 7 .55 .06 1769 99. 114. 94.38 90.95 112 5.17 6 . 122. 117.55 .37 6.55 14 . 83.55 .3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .30 831 37.11 1768 99.16 1602 90.31 2147 97. 119.37 99.92 821 46.69 MEAN VALUE 38.55 .51 118 5.05 .70 MINIMUM 30.90 MAXIMUM 48.55 .25 1524 69.29 96.06 139 6.22 50 2.55 .55 106 5.09 716 40.23 10 . 3. 113.10 COEF.90 MAXIMUM 46.17 3 . OF VARIATION = 6. 100.06 1773 99.23 80.55 100 5.06 3 .31 83.36 2118 95.77 95.55 21 1.55 .55 14 .55 .09 79.85 102 4.55 74 4. 88.55 91 5.00 1771 99.91 49 2.55 4 .55 .45 . 84.55 .83 1 .55 .80 104.36 16 .18 1702 95.55 228 12.55 .52 24 1.55 16 .00 2203 99.95 116.09 1639 92.34 692 31.06 1 .55 105 5.55 .55 1 . 112.2% COEF.55 1 .18 154 6.25 51 2.65 92 4.28 143 6.92 106.31 258 11.95 117.32 2192 99.83 120.55 .55 .76 185 8. 115.22 84.79 27 1.76 100.54 116 5.55 18 1.55 7 .55 82 4. 92.55 .55 . 80.55 .94 14 .55 80 4.14 102.55 .77 2088 94.64 1241 69. 96.55 101 5.09 73 3.02 98.00 119 . 123.68 88. 103.05 1 .55 .77 114.55 1 .55 .94 123.55 .19 109. .73 40 2.55 2 . 116.00 2207 99.13 SE(MEAN) .07 98.09 608 34.83 119.55 1 .55 9 .85 89.55 3 .06 6.55 110.00 1771 99.55 .00 1771 99.56 13 .27 61 2. 97.83 0 .55 .15 SE(MEAN) . 98.13 500 28.55 103 5.39 1739 78.11 1771 99.55 .27 136 6. 82.01 1720 96.59 113.98 1038 58.52 1265 57.22 STD DEVIATION 2.62 552 25.69 118.28 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .98 80.55 . 111.18 2203 99.66 0 .55 52 2.78 SYMMETRY---VETA I .55 .47 1338 75.55 .35 144 6.83 121.24 107.51 73 3.16 1121 50.65 165 9. 121.55 .55 4 .55 1 . 86.26 932 52.08 KURTOSIS---VETA II .00 118.51 409 23. 108.31 85.48 1408 63.14 118 6. 105.83 101.55 140 6.55 1 .63 2168 98.55 0 .55 .17 350 15.36 81.30 30 1.55 18 1.96 8 .55 108.28 112.55 0 .32 2154 97.09 SE(STD DEV) .02 STD DEVIATION 2.55 . 99.81 123.55 .97 985 44.40 1999 90. BUTTOCK CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES cm INCHES CM INCHES 96.26 2049 92.55 63 3.62 86.55 .18 2207 99.51 1745 98. 87.31 124 5.

35 -"19.97 11.13 15TH 22.56 3RD 21.74 85TH 27.29 iST 20.98 11.71 5TH 21.19 27.33 24.23 10.21 7.25 9.56 8.97 55TH 25.24 10.07 60TH 25.91 9.00 90TH 27.65 22.49 30TH 23.44 22.81 8.90 10.43 8. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 18.29 8.68 40TH 24.21 7.62 8.38 25TH 23.75 9.08 23.65 25.26 20TH 23.59 35TH 23.20 .96 10TH 22.(24) BUTTOCK DEPTH The horizontal depth uf the torso at the level of the maximum protrusion of the right buttock is measured using a beam caliper with a fixed paddle blade.87 45TH 24.78 45TH 24.51 9.87 26.43 11.41 95TH 28.93 7.87 10.45 2ND 20.90 8.20 23.95 11.55 22.03 9.23 19.86 23.05 8.96 23.77 9.79 1.97 98TH 29.72 8.29 9.59 7.41 75TH 26.64 8.72 97TH 28.29 9.05 10.61 10.09 9.29 8.56 BOTH 26.22 21.51 I 20.36 11.52 7.09 21.61 10.17 65TH 25.71 9.33 21.95 20.40 27. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.98 9.99 8.45 10.48 24.77 8.04 18.77 20.27 8.20 8.75 22.28 70TH 25.04 9.41 9.41 99TH 29.58 9.53 8.39 10.59 10.56 28.31 9.

21.92 ?25 10. 9.25 1 .37 1672 94.32 28.87 971 43.40 2144 97.34.73 29.00 1773 99.63 17.22 11 .00 1768 99.50 2193 99.25.25 .24.66 1885 85.75 161 9.04 SE(MEAN) .26.28 1768 99.75 .25 .02 .05 2208 100.75 17 .81 719 40 53 103 4.00 33.75 .06 1773 99.20 528 23.50 29.25 .23 2202 99.95 32.30 52 2.75 .75 .20. OF VARIATION .25 15 .75 .98 21.25 .19 1196 54.26.51 1630 91.56 0 .75 .25 42 2.66 0 l00 2207 99.44 1331 75.75 1 .75 1550 87.2% COEF.06 1774 100.97 1707 96.35.17 22.75 .00 121 .25 .99 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.75 .25 .31 2113 95.55 19.16 222 10.25 69 3.75 55 3.00 1773 99.25 64 2.75 35 1.02 2.32 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.37 24.25 .33.75 1 .19. BUTTOCK DEPTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 22.28.78 27.59 58 2.00 16.OC 2207 99.17.82 28.71 23.17 3 .10 107 6.75 1 .75 3 .23.82 .83 2.75 80 4.22.81 69 3.17.75 153 8.05 SE(MEAN) .27.18.11 21.31.25 .30.94 34.25.90 133 6.85 2026 91.62 SYMMETRY---VETA I .10 198 8.07 STD DEVTATION .22 22.18.80 4 .75 .23 2207 99.15 35.25 5 .68 136 6.23 8 .95 31.76 5 .75 5 .25 174 9.75 .03 SE(STD DEV) .25 9 .54 2171 98.96 1752 98.29.75 .89 1 .25 23 1.25 .25 0 .21.25 0 .75 6 .75 0 .27.24.53 233 10.31 18.95 32.32.60 1448 81.03 240 10.25 102 5.96 29 1.32 27.18 2197 99.25 163 9.95 30.94 34.25 .63 159 7.25 .75 40 1.33.38 25.25 28 1.25 .25 0 .90 24.60 MAXIMUM 14.30 MINIMUM 7.65 19.27 14 .60 33.10 STD DEVIATION .00 2207 99.89 0 .94 33.94 24.61 78 3.75 117 6.19 23.16 369 16.75 17 .29.86 MEAN VALUE 9.83 0 .00 2207 99.06 1771 99.25 .25 .95 31.25 123 6.75 .17 100 4.25 0 .50 2182 98.79 63 2.62 1763 99.11 1770 99.75 .51 12 .03 SE(STD DEV) .75 93 5.32.35.19 1043 58.76 25.03 29 1.00 . OF VARIATION w 8.05 1418 64.00 1773 99.14 3 .02 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .72 166 7.37 15 .68 2159 97.3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS P FPct CuMxF CumFPct 3 .25 132 7.52 1782 80.79 .62 545 3C.68 29 1. 20.13 18.25 .75 156 8.34.25 11 .75 .63 2084 94.22.00 1772 99.62 31 1.00 2207 99.75 .38 5 .77 0 .95 30.90 MINIMUM 6.97 1616 73.75 .93 392 22.02 19.23.71 20.75 .08 880 49.28.35 COEF.94 35.25 .25 .10 26.89 176 9.36 17.79 1199 67.40 MAXIMUM 13.75 .06 1772 99.75 .91 20.71 MEAN VALUE 8.58 1735 97.88 12 .93 203 9.75 2 .24 269 15.14 16.53 1963 88.25 11 .19 731 33.19.25 .25 .70 26.31.30.

38 83.47 34.63 65TH 90.07 33.86 89.54 32.10 32.81 33.91 81.86 37.20 31.50 36.85 85TH 93.C2 29.30 85.02 95TH 96.51 34.73 76.72 31.82 86.48 80TH 92. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.32 90TH 94.96 32.27 35TH 06.71 30.19 3RD 5TH 80.88 70TH 90.78 25TH 85.37 91.43 79.78 10TH 82.67 79.46 39.14 92.15 38.79 33.81 30.82 98TH 99.38 80.50 20TH 84.77 34.55 122 .46 88. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES 4CM INCHES CM INCHES J 73.99 33.57 34.94 50TH 88.48 97TH 98.36 32.89 38. .12 87.08 78.93 37.83 84.01 31.60 83.66 32.69 29.75 36.18 30.66 81.42 33.39 60TH 89.18 15TH 83.66 35.48 31.71 35.30 35.09 29.16 55TH 89.38 J 75.50 40TH 87.00 94.99 35.32 34.72 45TH 87.53 1ST 2ND 78.89 34.67 36.55 86.03 30TH 86.16 75TH 91.48 81.64 93.62 36.89 75.98 32.74 34.49 33.23 33.35 99TH 100.07 80.06 39.88 31.68 32.06 35.61 36.13 33.(25) BUTTOCK HEIGHT The vertical distance between a standing surface and the level of the maximum protrusion of the right buttock is measured with an anthropometer at the right side of the thigh.53 36.06 84.15 82.

85 .55 89 5.11 26 1.90 1744 98.85 163 7.06 1771 99.110.39 43 1.55 19 1.55 .00 1772 99.85 248 11. 94.55 0 .77 97.24 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.23 70.11 39 1.t5 0 .17 610 34.55 .30 MINIMUM 25.55 .84 83.55 .55 .70 1623 73.09 21 . 102. 66.05 65.55 .81 84.59 73. 101.21 170 7.55 14 . 104.55 .55 .55 106 5.00 1772 99. 77.52 STD DEVIATION 1.89 108.55 3 .55 .15 102.46 COEF.63 2100 95.06 1038 58.55 1 .78 4.55 . BUTTOCK HEIGHT FEMALES 1M ALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 83.86 98.06 4 . 83.05 66.49 1 .05 64.55 3 .55 .63 58 2.55 14 .62 101 4. 75.08 SE(STD DEV) .38 76.94 .98 78.55 83 4.89 106.07 127 5.55 1 .89 107.16 1632 92.23 94.00 1 .55 144 8.4% COEF. 74. 105.55 1 . 98.109.00 2 .72 35 1.55 51 2.55 1 .79 1758 99.07 SE(STD DEV) .06 1770 99.30 514 23.55 . 80.55 120 6.95 2164 98. 86.14 5 .23 756 42.01 88.09 2207 99.55 .55 .00 1 .00 2207 99.55 139 7.05 2 .04 4.40 MAXEMUM 43.89 465 26.28 2 .82 82.79 187 8.39 153 6. 69.55 .00 123 .55 . 67.55 .06 1 .20 SYMMETRY---VETA I .72 103.55 .108.45 19 .07 52 2.93 1776 80.03 65.09 69.76 1302 73.11 90.55 . 89.03 .55 101 5.55 .68 219 12.95 99.00 1773 99.71 STD DEVIATION 1.55 .55 .86 85 4.55 .95 2143 97.41 1708 96.00 1 .76 74.98 325 18. 84.55 .77 2181 98.17 1769 99.111. 65.55 1 .55 .55 .83 105.55 3 .55 . 79.87 1683 94. 68.06 1774 100.18 61 2.79 33 1.55 .06 1172 99.01 92.55 .20 1078 48.51 71 3.55 0 .05 67. b5.09 68.97 1453 65.94 109.00 1 .87 136 7.00 101.63 81.06 16 . 100.62 85 3.50 MINIMUM 28.20 MAXIMUM 40. 92.39 1765 99.55 0 .95 100. 72.55 .55 102.43 86. 95.00 2 .41 71.12 1182 66.23 77.18 2195 99.107. 81.45 2191 99.55 0 .55 .32 176 7.55 146 8. 99.93 196 8.84 10 .94 110.06 2 .55 0 .86 72.55 140 7.67 191 8.86 139 6.28 63 2. 82.78 93.55 .55 51 2.55 .55 .106.51 85. 93.18 9 .55 .75 375 16.55 16 .55 1 .06 1773 99. 78°55 8 .13 1728 97.17 5 .55 55 3.55 .55 1 . 96.10 0 .55 .88 710 32.69 1403 79.34 11 .24 111.06 91.34 199 9. 76.28 79.27 88.55 0 .55 1 .09 2205 99. 70.74 MEAN VALUE 34.55 1 . . OF VARIATION = 5.55 .26 1971 89. 71.55 0 . 90.11 SE(MEAN) . 3.48 89.41 2 .53 75.04 .55 143 8.01 1277 57.10 17 .55 25 1.47 897 40.55 . 88.31 KURTOSIS---VETA II .00 4 . 87.06 1766 99.68 96.55 .57 1877 85.55 .55 145 8.00 1 .05 2208 100.41 95. 91.55 6 . 73.86 SYMMETRY---VETA I .02 1492 84.55 . OF VARIATION = 5.55 0 .09 2203 99.55 .77 104.71 71.77 100 4.45 94 4.45 19 1.74 1576 88.87 6 .01 87.83 MEAN VALUE 33.55 .16 80.31 2 .55 33 1. 97.10 SE(MEAN) .84 895 50.27 2201 99.22 2042 92.55 0 .55 .55 7 .06 10 .55 .3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CuMF CuwrPPct CENTIMETERS F FP~t CUmF CumFPct 1 .55 20 1.55 .55 84 4.05 1 . 103.

88 2ND 55.39 24.69 27.04 22.08 3RD 56.55 30TH 59.85 40TH 60.28 22.83 63.39 23.14 50TH 61.78 23.34 5TH 56.77 58.70 60.60 25.73 24.98 25.81 21.54 24.29 55TH 61.16 24.98 23.(26) 3UTITOCK-KNEE LENGTH The horizontal distat -e between a buttock plate placed at the most posterior point on either buttock and the anterior point of the right knee is measured with an anthropometer.04 124 .28 64.08 23.54 23.45 57.32 24.38 59.45 26.74 26.93 24.38 23.97 53.99 99TH 68.20 20TH 59.52 62.73 90TH 65.96 75TH 63.07 21.54 23.08 58.78 23.20 21.00 45TH 61.39 22.26 56. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHIS CM INCUMS 52.41 85TH 64.19 95TH 66.la 20.27 62.44 60TH 62. The subject sits erect.02 25.66 22.54 59.54 21.38 25TH 59.06 61.40 55.48 97TH 67.62 57.27 22.23 59.03 20.70 35TH 60.81 24.87 22.72 25.21 21.87 60.95 26.93 58.69 98TH 67.00 15TH 58.85 22.75 66.41 23. The thighs are parallel and the knees flexed 90 degrees with the feet in fine with the thighs.19 25.90 22.15 23.17 80TH 64.95 23.78 55.24 25.56 65.65 25.87 22.81 25.73 10TH 57.7 24.54 1ST 55.68 53.60 65TH 62.01 24.77 70TH 63.85 23.55 23.05 56.16 54.

60.18 2207 99.25 .32 15 .00 3 .17 28 1.75 6 .63. 5.54.46 96 4. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .46 SYMMETRY---VETA I m .00 51.75 115 6.59 46 2.75 .75 .62 1759 99.18 .11 5 .69. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F lf:t Cumi Cumlpat CENTINETIRS F Fict CUMF CUmFiPct 1 .03 592 33.32 22 i.30 MAXIMUM 28.25 .75 76 4.17 2.37 1684 94.25 1 .75 15 .0% CO F.06 1774 100.75 108 6.75 6 .00 3 .09 49.99 1827 82.02 49.75 64 3.82 1603 90.53.75 119 6.06 1773 99.10 64.75 .50.06 7 .34 88 3.88 822 46.06 1771 99.25 .16 57.85 1729 97. .06 64.68 61.75 .25 .25 .63 52.25 .25 99 5.40 2031 91.58.25 0 .02 .25 19 1.71 53.75 .75 .06 1772 99.51 370 20.25 .34 118 5.70.62 64 2.75 .06 2 .25 .90 1978 89.25 30 1.07 83 3.23 50.70.69 1714 96.75 1 .59.61.75 .35 141 6.21 56.51.04 SE(STD DEV) .56.75 .75 .89 1643 74.06 3 .57.65.64.41 60.55.92 112 5.05 2208 100.06 1770 99.25 .98 55.25 30 1.47 60 3.53 0 .75 94 5.75 1 .37 130 5.18 65.60 MINIMUM 19.49.75 .75 .89 71.77 2116 95.62 3 .97 COEF.10 MAXIMUM 27.09 700 39.25 .23 1763 99.75 .06 SE(MEAI) .25 1 .8t NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .25 .07 63.25 4 .58 1040 58.41 2190 99.25 80 4.75 0 .74 61.34 1513 68.59.00 1 .58 62.75 .94 71.99 KURTOSIS---VETA II .86 55 2.72.66.89 39 1.25 .43 1270 71.25 50 2.28 49 2.62 145 6.75 23 1.15 1 .75 .14 KURTOSIS---VETA II m 2.25 1 .60 57.56 8 .95 68.66.39 1256 56.25 .75 1 .61.30 1395 63.25 .75 11 .95 67.88 58.10 MINIMUM 19.46 4 .34 11 .06 184 8.44 214 12.68.20 1642 92.72 23 1.22 2143 97.02 645 29.54 15 .14 5 .07 1748 98.25 .27 .64 66.25 61 3.09 2200 99.77 67.19 61.39 786 35.62.25 0 .08 2077 94.75 .93 2 .33 1115 50.25 .17 19 .00 1 .45 19 1.25 2 .72.30 83 4.33 50.25 8 .75 0 .83 63.67.25 .22 82 3.00 1773 99.55 66.49 52.61 1503 84.38 93 4.25 3 .49.25 0 .75 .76 60.53.85 34 1.52.25 .75 42 2.77 70.02 .25 .63.94 1914 86.71 941 53.27 110 4.05 2 .50 58.89 MEAN VALUE 23.75 50 2.25 .63 36 1.75 .15 SYMMETRY---VETA I .12 27 1.37 141 6.60.98 62.69 113 6.94 224 10.03 2.25 .25 .96 STD DEVIATION 1. BUTrOCK-KNEE LENGTH FEMALES MALES C ICHES cM C S 58.64 MEAN VALUE 24.52.25 75 4.57 931 42.19 56.75 15 . OF VARIATION .05 SE(STD DZV) .16 53 2.25 114 6.75 0 .05 48.75 116 6.52 59.54.75 .90 55.04 2166 98.00 68.75 1 . OF VARIATION .50.58.67.99 STD DEVIATION 1.23 1439 81.06 1 .21 512 23.36 50.04 87 3. 2.06 7 .14 54.76 307 13.68.57.75 .71.68 2181 98.07 SE(3mm) .25 153 8.09 49.64. 51.25 39 2.75 1 .14 2203 99.30 1364 76.48 485 27.25 1 .68 51.28 1 290 16.54 1156 65.25 .65.69.34 1769 99.75 .17 27 1.22 159 7.14 8 .00 125 .62 65 2.92 69.05 1 .25 .36 9 .72 69.94 72.00 2207 99.71.83 70.20 54.68 133 6.56.18 59.75 .75 .25 26 1.06 3 .38 69.36 2198 99.98 53.62.82 1553 87. 4.55.25 122 6.11 14 .35 1739 78.86 139 6.75 40 2.07 419 18.25 107 6.20 72.78 65.00 2 .75 .

81 46.40 50.07 52.88 21.57 1ST 44.68 21.83 20.08 49.93 18.(27) BUTIOCK-POPLITEAL LENGTH The horizontal distance between a buttock plate ph.13 17.39 18.79 45TH 49.05 18.36 90TH 53.39 19.80 48.00 17.89 2ND 44.78 95TH 54.24 17.80 51.69 17.27 47.10 19.58 50.30 16.52 35TH 48.72 18.64 43.54 48.03 3RD 45.67 10TH 46.85 80TH 52.79 18.34 18.92 50TH 49.47 17.07 85TH 52.ced at the most posterio point on either buttock and the back of the right knee (the pcpliteal fossa at the dorsal juncture of the calf and thigh) is measured with an anthropometer.90 15TH 47. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHI 42.70 16.37 42.39 17.A9 19.21 21.30 19.39 30TH 48.40 22.48 53.55 21.49 70TH 51.91 16.21 126 .08 20TH 47.99 20.67 48.66 40TH 49. 44.29 19.96 19.94 49.24 25TH 48.04 44.72 20.65 19.95 19. The subject sits erect.74 53.66 75TH 51.71 18.47 99TH 56.23 49.59 19.05 55TH 50.19 60TH 50.81 20.53 21.63 19.39 45.42 19.21 98TH 55.10 16.73 19.61 18.33 65TH 51.54 21.01 20.77 20.93 19.62 45.98 46.39 20. The thighs are parallel and the knees flexed 90 degrees with the feet in line with the thighs.32 5TH 45.41 47.21 18.05 18.43 21.28 20.81 17.03 97TH 55.13 47.8.92 54.

25 0 .18 2206 99.00 2 .37 168 7.75 .91 55.00 127 .25 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .70 . 44.43 674 30. BUITOCK-POPLITEAL LENGTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHS 48.25 .09 39.05 2.75 .25 112 6.75 27 1. 46. 2. 59.5% COEF.86 96 4. 3.75 .36 2161 97.25 . 42.25 80 4. 51.16 1225 69.95 193 10.14 SYMMETRY---VETA I .75 .79 33 1.74 134 6.25 7 .51 52.78 148 6.25 .06 4 .75 .25 .03 45.53 46.40 MINIMUM 15.52 1339 60.25 .09 54.95 56. 57.64 48.11 1774 100.07 1844 83. OF VARIATION .25 45 2.14 5 .02 .59 27 1. 39.25 123 6. 5.89 51. 46. 58.75 .10 MINIMUM 15. 48.50 SYMMETRY---VETA I . 49.86 42.05 2207 99.77 0 .54 1662 93.12 48.52 84 4.51 50.75 .26 51.48 1460 66.25 39 2.05 39.75 .74 1496 84.17 MEAN VALUT 18. 5.68 2131 96.75 80 4. 55.35 302 13.00 2206 99.25 .87 0 .05 2 .75 70 3.83 49.75 .02 .75 14 .61 1098 61.75 .38 11 .75 .21 96 4. 40.08 58 2.06 1 .75 44 2.78 963 54.50 2199 99.23 40.89 59.06 3 .80 MAXIMUM 22.63 41 1.34 1573 89.25 24 1.82 53.05 2208 100.59 54.69 6 .56 51 2.75 .06 1772 99.75 1 .25 .75 4 .25 .31 447 25.75 .51 335 18.25 .25 9 .06 SX(MEAN) .00 57.95 57.75 .59 54 2.75 107 6.66 STD DEVIATION 1.18 50.00 4 . 43.89 58. 57. 49.96 3 .84 43.35 57 3.38 1 .06 3 .75 1 .09 45.20 123 6. 47.02 2.05 68 3. 54.23 13 .11 5 . 44. 56.07 532 24.06 2 .28 112 5.33 44.17 13 .88 158 7. 50.72 825 46.63 41.63 2051 92. 48.84 1173 53.25 .09 78 3. .13 47.56 1754 98.25 . 53.00 1772 99. 52.25 .91 56.75 . 55.79 57.83 1 .53 43.75 0 .00 2207 99.70 1608 72.62 1732 78.25 .93 142 6.75 . 43.93 688 38. 54.11 4 .10 KURTOSIS---VETA II . 53.25 138 7.75 .51 124 5. .75 30 1.68 44.75 84 4.95 2182 98.04 14PJW VALUE 19.04 SE(STD DEV) .35 1744 98.69 1692 95. 41. 40.75 135 7.25 77 4.11 4 .96 KURTOSIS---VETA II .75 .67 1925 87.75 1 .73 55.75 2 .25 .76 59. 59.05 .16 832 37.23 10 .75 1 .89 58.25 .25 .84 52.68 46.25 0 .3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .49 255 14. 41.25 .25 1 . 47.75 118 6. 50. 45.45 42.89 81 3.70 MAXIMUM 23.87 53.25 1 .20 166 7.75 0 .06 SE(3RAN) .67 30 1. OF VARIATION .05 1 .15 21 .61 1000 45.65 565 31.44 49.06 1771 99.00 1772 99.29 47.25 10 .51 1763 99. 52. 58.95 2094 94.14 2202 99.31 129 5.88 173 7. 42.07 77 3.75 .25 62 3.18 14 .58 1720 96.75 24 1.23 14 .34 24 1.85 121 5.48 1617 91.07 CON?.04 SE(STD DEV) .22 41.31 4 .51 1412 79.35 398 18.66 STD DEVIATION 1.49 206 9.51 19 1.25 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES r FI t Cum? CumLPct CENTIMETERS F FPt CumiP Cum•PCt 1 .59 43 1. 45.96 50.25 .08 1993 90.45 40. 56.25 28 1.75 9 .75 .25 127 7. 51.25 1 .03 1332 75.39 1710 99.33 37 1.25 2 .75 137 7.51 46.27 2188 99.25 .02 39.23 10 .

75 45TH 37.67 13.22 13.77 15.34 34.19 15.46 12.65 30.75 35.21 65T1 38.28 13.07 16.51 13.25 25TH 36.42 14.39 30TH 36.15 99TH 43.18 39.41 36.10 13.09 15.97 12.12 11.03 16.05 2ND 32.73 37.80 85TH 40.43 15.13 15.59 32.64 97TH 42.19 34.93 38.64 13.95 15.15 14.11 15.10 16.10 60TH 38.52 13.25 32.78 14.00 35.87 50TH 37.77 14.92 15TH 35.13 12.43 14.62 34.98 55TH 38.39 95TH 42.62 12.46 15.03 33.10 20TH 35.31 128 . THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 30.52 15.64 13.62 14.83 98TH 43.86 18T 32.71 16.80 14.02 13. The subject stands erect with the heels approximately 10 cm apart and tL2 weight distributed equally on both feet.56 37.60 14.27 12.82 40.19 3RD 33.88 30.26 36.79 14.13 14.48 34.10 14.13 13.05 14.03 90TH 41.63 80TH 39.64 40TH 37.19 17.71 12.34 70TH 39.34 13.56 39.83 12.70 10TH 34.52 35TH 36.72 15.93 13.97 17.(28) CALF CIRCUMFERENCE The maximum horizontal circumference of the right calf is measured with a tape.03 31.47 75TH 39.87 35.13 36.21 15.83 33.46 14.01 41.39 5TH 33.

25 .73 22 1.38 1618 91.21 8 .77 2181 98.29 917 41.06 39.13 1741 98.54 STD DEVIATION 1.07 47.50 MINIMUM 11.25 .25 60 3.45 21 .25 .27 11 . CALF CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 35.47 380 21.25 1 .25 .02 .75 75 4.37 493 27.97 134 6.75 .75 . 34.16 111 5.23 1013 57.00 1771 99.71 52 2.91 43.25 137 7. 43.25 .32 STD DEVIATION .75 22 1.25 31 1.73 41.00 2206 99.47 31.71 30.75 .75 .75 . 45.03 SE(STD DEV) .95 2164 98.79 155 7.91 44.25 40 2. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES p nFtt Cump Cumlpct CENTINTRRS F FPCt CUmP CumFPct 1 .75 . 39.24 101 4. OF VARIATION = 6. 37.40 MINIMUM 11.75 .75 .25 25 1.87 87 3.6% COEF.61 1148 64.19 SYMMETRY---VETA I a .25 13 .65 38.75 .24 1721 97.25 1 .75 101 5.75 .47 1471 82.50 SYMMETRY---VETA I m .91 2. 45.78 40.41 60 3.59 36.82 1668 94.63 25 1.51 1768 99. 32.47 173 7.55 159 7.25 113 6.59 41.83 1 . 42.71 867 48.36 2112 95.76 37.75 9 . 35.23 28.25 .79 36.83 1 . 30.75 .11 6 .04 SE(STD DlV) .13 29. OF VARIATION = 6.23 212 11.09 2206 99. 31.00 MAXIMUM 18.61 748 42. 46.91 42.25 2 .75 .05 28.75 .75 4 .25 5 . 36.73 1754 98.36 2199 99.25 .83 35.94 46.75 .14 2202 99.40 56 2.75 . 36.02 3 . 44. 34.75 .06 SE(MEAE) .06 1774 100.89 46. 38. 29. 33.75 120 6.22 30.05 2207 99.72 161 7.25 .06 1772 99.25 20 1.45 2191 99.25 125 7.17 9 .76 613 34.75 1 .02 2.54 30.75 119 6.74 1492 67.75 135 7.11 32.75 87 4.7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .53 34.77 2 .02 1094 49. 38. 37.42 193 8.81 MEAN VALUE 14. 41.09 2204 99.06 1773 99.96 COEF.75 3 .90 MAXIMUM 18.14 0 .30 38.10 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.25 .97 45.91 44.40 2143 97. 33.05 SE(MEAN) .25 135 7.88 .25 .02 28.75 50 2.20 1806 81.03 1917 86.25 146 8. 28.36 134 6.25 . 32.28 1299 58.01 2 .25 3 .95 45.25 6 .23 40.91 43.92 17 .40 33.30 583 26. 40.69 1374 77.15 . 41.75 4 .00 . 43.84 756 34.00 2206 99.75 .66 0 .87 37.25 71 4.75 13 .17 1771 99. 30.54 2060 93.09 97 5.00 129 .25 .04 32.25 .07 31.01 39. 39.28 1759 99.95 205 9.50 29.82 42.23 26 1. 40. 46.25 31 1.15 0 .75 37 2.82 10 .00 283 15. 42.76 31 1.00 2206 99.75 .00 .02 1647 74. 29.07 444 20.82 37.73 35 1.00 2206 99.40 209 9.90 1558 87.26 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.23 4 .75 97 5.25 .25 . 35.51 75 3.18 5 . 31.87 0 .05 1 .75 13 .75 0 .00 45.57 35.57 310 14.75 1699 95.25 .25 97 5.38 139 6.94 2004 90.34 52 2.05 2208 100. 44.25 .24 MEAN VALUE 13.05 1273 71.25 .18 82 3. 47.75 14 .25 .24 33.95 177 8.10 56 2.55 54.

45 15.75 12.65 60TH 35.48 10.97 11.26 10TH 32.26 30.30 45TH 34.06 35TH 34.58 11.31 11.63 12.99 10.35 14.92 14.67 13.09 12.21 14.94 12.11 29.33 97TH 40.75 36.80 14.16 13.69 13.40 30.22 80TH 37.(29) CALF HEIGHT The vertical distance between a standing surface and the level of the maximum circumference of the right calf is measured with an anthropometer.77 31.43 28.92 37.89 31.63 2ND 30.18 40TH 34.24 12.27 13.51 36.76 3RD 31.41 85TH 37.42 50TH 35.90 34.14 12.03 13.82 10.95 5TH 31.24 11.83 14.56 14.46 12.00 15.89 14.93 14.67 90TH 38.13 32.88 99TH 41.24 27.73 29.97 13.60 11.65 31.07 13.54 12.53 30.46 15.31 13.91 26.79 12.71 13.14 35.33 12.94 V: 29.06 95TH 39.15 11.55 14.47 15TH 32.54 98TH 40. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHE S 26.71 14.01 32.87 12.20 130 .65 20TH 33.16 16.83 12.70 34.93 30TH 34.11 27.26 32.78 65TH 36.58 13.39 33.80 25TH 33.33 10.06 75TH 36.36 13.42 1ST 30.53 55TH 35.91 70TH 36.39 15.40 14. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.54 33.57 12.

49 26.91 53 2.72 42. 26. 31.36 25. 37.51 888 50.25 0 .45 2049 92.99 97 4.25 .00 .29 27.68 32.00 1 . 25.96 188 8.58 110 4.19 KURTOSIS---VETA II f 3. 39.04 2155 97. 42.7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .26 350 15.25 .05 2205 99.50 594 33.24 1731 97.17 146 6.75 . 25.75 . 43.56 35. 32.75 .56 3 .95 40.91 2175 98.25 151 8.93 .95 40. 41.02 . 34.06 SE(MEAN) .15 986 44.37 STD DEVIATION .6% COEF.75 .00 3 .25 .88 8 .75 .00 1766 99.94 43.50 23 1.63 25.25 138 7.75 .49 165 7.00 37.78 1162 65. 43.23 S .05 2207 99.14 2196 99.25 8 . 24.75 .35 34. 38.50 30.71 1995 90.84 1358 61.02 2.55 41.59 28.67 1024 57.25 2 .00 41.75 2 .47 27.45 2103 95.86 99 5.75 104 5.85 18W 8.25 . 33.65 1400 78.75 77 4.59 1 .38 159 8.00 2207 99. . 42.34 1 .00 3 .25 .75 59 3. 36. 30.35 39 2. 40.51 1546 70.39 129 5.66 30.05 23.26 SYMMETR---VZTA I .40 SYMMETRY---VETA I 0 .72 199 9. 37.60 MINIMUM 9.75 . OF VARIATION .06 57 2.50 2186 99.05 23.09 COEF.26 44.00 131 .25 19 .02 32.75 .75 143 8.05 2206 99.02 23.39 1913 86. 23.75 .25 60 3.32 37.67 31.12 256 11.25 118 6.25 .25 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .75 24 1. 29. 39.75 33 1.25 .04 SE(STD DEV) .86 1504 84.05 24.98 27.25 5 .25 1 .72 29 1.06 54 2.75 4 .25 .75 136 7.84 625 28.80 34.75 20 .11 1773 99.75 .75 .85 1746 98.34 1766 99.52 66 3.20 180 8.34 236 13. CALF HEIGHT FEMALES MALES INCffES cM INCHES 31.40 26.25 27 1.24 329 18.67 41.21 1 .25 48 2. 40.75 1709 96.91 39.86 33 1.75 2 .17 94 4.25 22 1.25 133 7. 32.75 . 30.11 55 2.75 .45 15 .75 3 .25 . 33.75 .25 .25 0 . 35.92 11 .75 .05 1 .27 14 . 31. 24.45 35.19 KURTOSIS---VETA II a 3. 27.51 36.75 132 7.23 7 .48 82 3. 38.25 .01 1185 53.75 0 .31 2132 96.75 .75 .09 3 .75 120 6.20 MAXIMUM 17.25 .44 461 25.34 MEAN VALUE 13.06 1774 100.75 15 .04 SE(STD DEV) .06 3 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES 7 FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIT3RS F FPot Cum? CumPct 1 .75 6 .30 MAXIMUM 16.57 1816 82.20 806 36.32 2193 99.25 1 . 28.61 MEAN VALUE 12. 34. 6.75 0 .25 0 .06 1 . 44.76 1282 72.58 1 .75 6 .25 .06 737 41.85 28.05 SE(MZAN) .58 173 7.30 147 6.40 STD DEVIATION .46 38.78 7 .75 .25 .25 1 .83 43.06 2 .86 39.05 2208 100.31 29.25 .36 2204 99.60 36.50 31. OF VARIATION .25 .55 42.79 1760 99.94 2.54 54 2.61 496 22.75 1 .42 0 .82 38.71 1678 94.46 29. 27.78 1571 88.11 1771 99.64 33.91 .17 91 4.24 35.75 .17 1769 99.25 .00 1 .75 .10 MINIMUM 10.75 31 1.66 1693 76. 29.25 14 . 26. 35.25 93 5. 41.25 67 3. 7.33 1630 91.25 .14 24.27 20 .25 .55 123 5. 28.25 . 36.25 33.

53 58.51 10TH1 44.82 130. The heels are together with the weight distributed equally on both feet.05 150.3.53 58.42 148.78 2ND 139.78 56.73 53.27 135.40 142.46 20TH 13.99 59.92 146.72 53.19 59.16 30TH 148.62 58.61 70TH 155.04 15TH 14.97 75TH 156.36 55.09 144.47 57. The subject stands erect with the head in the Frankfort plane.78 59.84 133.36 55.26 60.38 58.77 60.12 55.32 50.93 99TH 166.01 51.24 54.62 57. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHIS CM INCHNS 127.95 60TH 153.44 140.48 35TH 149.18 3RD 140.72 136.99 50.41 60.07 45TH 150.16 61.25 60.35 51.(30) CERVICALE HEIGHT The vertical distance between a standing surface and the cervicale landmark on the spine at the base of the neck is measured with an anthropometer.:.13 1ST 137.65 55TH 152.70 134.39 80TH 157.71 56.93 97TH 163.37 52.48 145.01 56.95 152.49 153.81 139.83 55.80 59.83 25TH 147.87 55.98 57.36 50TH 151.27 61.33 98TH 164.15 63.76 57.13 139.55 62.37 54.40 132 .76 141.48 * 138.76 64.59 60.07 142.77 40TH 150.81 64.80 53.12 137.23 59.17 61.37 95TH 162.93 56.43 63.61 55.87 85TH 158.58 54.27 65TH 154. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.38 54.13 54.26 131. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.71 5TH ".73 143.10 65.48 90TH 160.09 128.87 154.

04 121. OF VARIATION = 4.73 156.96 50 2.00 164.13 2144 97.168.25 .122.131.75 .25 .28 1759 99.171.32 123.159.138.25 .06 21 .143. 3.09 SE(STD DEV) .89 176.162.38 144.25 163 9.06 1 .75 5 .82 35 1.156.05 120.165.75 2 .00 1 .56 1476 66.31 2173 98.75 .67 178 8.14 2205 99.25 53 2.97 630 28.161.48 1700 95.17 1769 99.75 17 .94 MEAN VALUE 59.25 0 .28 149 6.23 7 .25 111 6.25 .71 2020 91.48 129.97 149.23 5 .75 133 7.170.09 153.83 171.53 135.54 128. CERVICALE HEIGHT FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 140.132.95 161.49 147.78 846 30.00 2207 99.25 3 .69 1265 57.75 .75 .41 152.126.75 .95 159.00 2207 99.68 211 9. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .33 131.177.25 0 .27 STD DEVIATION 2.75 2 .25 81 4.59 126.25 .40 5 .75 99 5.05 2208 100.70 MINIMUM 49.155.149.77 146.96 33 1.75 432 19.06 1654 74.1% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .22 77 3. .75 132 7.69 1 .83 0 .00 1772 99.75 .75 .75 73 4.41 2197 99.06 1772 99.123.25 .75 0 .32 137.25 .18 1754 98.06 43 1.17 8 .47 1819 82.75 .25 .25 33 1.25 103 5.174.09 2207 99.06 99 4.25 4 .25 .39 1938 87.39 1766 99.85 141.25 .75 .45 17 .57 134.95 99 4.33 6.75 3 .00 1 .00 1 .15 SE(MEAN) .05 .75 .129.11 1771 99.11 SE(STD DEV) .28 1051 47.25 .25 1 .00 1772 99.54 82 3.08 KURTOSIS---VETA II .25 .152.158.35 0 .75 Z3 1.137.150.86 158.25 .75 .09 122.55 168.82 .89 173.86 205 9.173.95 56 2.44 1373 77.95 9 .60 MAXIMUM 69.54 29 1.77 125.67 1241 69.134.00 1 .86 1733 97.25 17 .50 453 25.85 184 8.30 MAXIMUM 64.48 283 12.25 8 .35 47 2.05 1 .45 198 8.69 177.86 83 4.75 0 .45 16 .16 COEF. 4.75 .92 STD DEVIATION 2.06 5.81 1476 83.75 .11 1774 100.25 .2% COEF.75 .75 0 .72 170.78 2 .49 2097 94.75 44 2.04 119 5. 3.23 2202 99.68 2188 99.167.88 164.25 .20 MINIMUM 47.58 1575 88.72 126.75 .02 KURTOSIS---VETA II .13 SE(MEAN) .25 136 7.153.13 769 43.75 1105 62.25 5 .25 .95 162.75 .176.135.25 1 .80 MEAN VALUE 55.87 165.164.99 136 7.11 209 11.125.06 18 .26 320 18.146.60 138.75 7 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CwnFPct CIRTIKKTERS F FPct CumF CumFPct 1 .92 SYMMETRY---VETA I .75 .25 . OF VARIATION .29 15 .25 0 .75 .50 155.140.91 143.128.15 167.144.90 216 9.04 .06 85 3.43 151.25 154 8.75 21 1.89 174.75 .68 607 34.141.75 173 9.05 2 .82 132.25 .25 .47 .14 SYMMETRY---VETA I .00 133 .82 214 9.20 3 .78 165 7.75 162 9.10 150.147.57 1656 93.75 1 .29 140.19 932 52.25 10 .

64 63.73 24.89 26.83 61.54 15TH 64.62 60.08 27.94 64.75 20TH 65.19 1ST 60.27 28.18 62.70 27.38 60.12 30TH 66.25 27.20 98TH 73. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH ICHESCH INCHES 56. SITTING The vertical distance between a sitting surface and the cervicale landmark on the spine at the base of the neck is measured with an anthropometer.22 23.20 27.58 28.60 25.05 60TH 68. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.51 28.33 23.87 66.76 27.67 24.10 64.07 59.49 62.79 63.90 55TH 68.78 80TH 70.30 58.06 26.71 .10 23.24 24.34 62.64 3RD 61.32 90TH 71.(31) CERVICALE HEIGHT.22 65TH 68. 57.07 24. 67.49 25.02 85TH 70.44 40TH 66.44 65.83 27.96 25.46 2ND 61.66 26.63 25.10 26.55 29.59 45TH 67.46 99TH 74.58 75TH 69.68 25. .61 27.07 57.85 24.04 69.78 27.28 35TH 66.95 26.88 5TH 62.85 69. The thighs are parallel and the knees are flexed 90 degrees.61 59.05 25.43 26.64 66.75 95TH 72.82 23.15 24.78 23.46 24.26 64.35 134 . The subject sits erect looking straight ahead. The shoulders and upper arms are relaxed and the forearms and hands are extended forward horizontally with the palms facing each other.46 25.15 .51 22.36 22.28 26.51 24.74 50TH 67.49 25.05 26.4.86 26.77 29.01 97TH 73.49 26.27 10TH 63.06 22.12 22.94 25TH 65.07 25.01 61.58 68.39 70TH 69.26 24.

89 76.00 1772 99.25 128 7.75 .37 6 .75 0 .69 61. 70.79 1738 97.75 .88 940 42.02 53.26 329 14. 66.25 52 2. 72.7% COEF.25 . 65.25 .62 57.68 29 1.27 80 3.27 1557 87.03 2.66 59.75 51 2.25 .83 74.63 127 5.25 108 6.75 116 6. 67.17 3.25 . 64.23 94 4.25 1 .20 .93 1660 93. 63.10 58. 68.79 71 4.21 63.89 77.42 178 10.91 MEAN VALUE 24.53 1719 77. 77.90 62.25 96 5.00 2207 99.07 SE(MsA) .39 531 24.00 73.19 63.25 1 . 56.25 91 5.05 SE(STD DEV) .75 27 1.95 30 1. 76.75 658 29.44 1817 82.23 1763 99.25 8 .25 0 .27 2193 99.23 8 .04 SE(STD DEV) .83 75.10 MAXIMUM 29. 64.60 MINIMUM 21.25 .8! 64.75 .05 53.38 75.75 . 71.75 .69 667 37.32 64.25 .25 .13 1428 80.00 2205 99.25 10 .77 2187 99.96 470 26.77 67. 63.25 28 1.49 2117 95.61 242 13.25 64 3.75 .50 10 . 75.86 55.25 .00 1772 99.25 2 .34 382 21. 59. 76.72 55.86 70.81 45 2.76 434 19.50 MAXIMUM 30.36 2147 97.24 68. 77.75 . 62.25 13 .14 54.45 176 7.75 42 1.56 39 2.75 .75 84 4.75 .60 1145 64.67 66.00 2207 99.05 STD DEVIATION 1.95 73.25 117 6.32 69.57 0 .63 MEAN VALUE 26.52 133 6.06 SE(MEAN) . 67.54.05 2 .25 77 4.36 54. 58.52 98 5.90 122 5.03 133 6.45 2203 99.64 2 .26 1980 89.95 71.81 KURTOSIS---VETA II w 2.78 62.00 2 .53 98 4.59 32 1.05 3 .53 57. OF VARIATION = 4.50 2 .89 788 35.75 .21 .75 117 6.25 2 . 60.63 17 .91 72 3.15 74.25 .75 18 1.75 12 .25 13 .86 71.00 2207 99. 61.05 69.25 .20 1077 48.05 2208 100.90 59.67 2039 92.57 61.60 1028 57.25 14 .29 65.25 .25 4 .64 58.75 .98 STD DEVIATION 1.11 59 2.25 .64 135 6.75 5 .75 63 3.00 135 .35 33 1. 69.36 56.45 1771 99.02 . 70.00 MINIMUM 22.97 1 .75 101 5.51 SYMMETRY---VETA I = . 58.75 .00 137 6.25 .11 1774 100.09 53.14 19 . 62.75 .25 . 75.11 4 .09 2205 99.75 .25 .75 .21 152 6.39 1351 61.25 . 61.77 0 . 60.25 58 3.75 41 2. 74. 65. 72. 73. OF VARIATION .22 795 44.45 1759 99.53.07 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2. 71.04 2084 94.95 72.68 105 4.02 .62 .09 1253 70.60 59 2. SITTING FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 62.74 1337 75.00 1499 84.05 1 .28 17 .02 1484 67.77 70.18 0 .45 56.75 .12 1908 86.95 72. 57.25 37 2. CERVICALE HEIGHT.96 97 4.11 54 2.70 74.97 58.75 8 .75 .75 .06 1772 99.89 76.75 .5% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct Cump CumFPct 1 .01 57 3.04 2170 98.75 . 66.73 1751 98.54 23 1.36 16 .75 .25 5 .49 91 4.75 3 .87 1608 90.54 911 51.25 .75 20 .75 0 .75 .75 8 .25 . 57. 54.09 135 7.25 .08 SYMMETRY---VETA I .31 1701 95.45 12 .95 COEF. 55.91 52 2.67 235 10.02 1210 54.09 2207 99.61 141 6.75 14 . 74. 73. 4.30 1724 97.11 2 .19 100 4.55 305 17.05 60.38 67. 69.75 71 4.80 60.17 77.89 0 .25 .75 8 .75 43 2.68.25 23 1.75 .25 .75 88 4. -.75 2 .75 . 59.35 66.20 130 5.25 .75 1 . 55.41 566 31.11 1619 73.41 65. 56.88 67.28 68.25 .25 .

01 9.85 45TH 31.29 29.04 55TH 32.81 15.44 32.51 12.15 25.30 10. the weight distributed equally on both feet.94 11.15 99TH 38.26 12.08 10TH 29.57 30TH 30.32 11.30 12.24 13.76 40Th 31.63 80TH 34.45 1ST 27.43 25.70 .66 12.31 11.97 28.62 12.04 90TH 35.81 13.71 30.20 27.83 28.23 15TH 29.55 14.81 85TH 34.62 2ND 27. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead with the heels together. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.53 11.48 29.28 136 .24 65TH 32.69 9.36 70TH 33.97 o .60 12.87 10.99 12.76 13.63 12.57 28.60 10.55 10. .95 14.36 20TH 29.47 25TH 30.29 11.79 26.45 27.25.54 11.32 27. Note: Breast tissue and latissimus dorsi nuscle tissue are NOT included in this measurement if they extend beyond the rib cage.94 26.55 10.85 24.99 10.79 10.41 95TH 36.00 31.03 11.17 11.85 98TH 37.14 60TH 32.94 50TH 31.41 14.15 12.66 97TH 37.73 32.34 13.58 10.63 26. 28.12 29.56 11.66 35TH 30.48 75TH 33.04 9.84 10.02 11.41 13.32 10.95 12.85 11.07 27. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 24.(32) CHEST BREADTH The maximum horizontal breadth of the chest at the level of the right busipoint on women or the nipple on men is measured with a beam caliper.59 12.08 10.43 9.06 10.67 14.86 5TH 28.94 12.94 33.65 24.99 11.72 3RD 27.

95 36.25 .25 .77 34.75 . 28.50 MAXIMUM 14.05 1331 75.75 109 6.41 234 10.03 SE(STD DEV) .05 2204 99.75 17 .72 2117 95..38 39.25 .02 38 1.22.98 8 .14 316 17.04 SE(STD DEV) .75 .27 2145 97.09 2207 99.48 1659 93.75 1 .75 .60 1078 48. 33.00 1771 99.53 38.70 1828 82.75 121 6.12 37.06 SE(MEAN) .97 STD DEVIATION .25 95 5. 27.25 .09 22.25 22 1.61 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.15 31.00 2207 99.25 129 7.25 .12 1098 61.75 .50 1 .25.93 954 53.00 2167 98. .89 17 .56 SYMMETRY---VETA I .25 1 . 30.25 144 8.33 1558 87. 42.32 2199 99.75 . 28.53 26.83 41.82 27.45 23.66 .27 445 25. 32.75 .25 1 .25 14 .75 37.25 108 6. CHEST BREADTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCkS 27.17 1766 99.75 57 3.17 1769 99.75 36 2. 40.55 134 7. 31.55 155 7.55 STD DEVIATION 1.07 28.05 3 .75 .82 25.09 1206 67. 34.3. 38.92 1525 69. 38.95 35.01 43 2.74 25.21 1615 91.25 59 3.25 .08 83 3.86 35.16 30.25 . 41.81 107 4.78 2.01 .25 .24.25 9 .06 1771 99.25 .55 39.82 566 31.75 63 3.00 .55 0 .51 1763 99.25 .82 34.23 10 .11 147 6.83 41.75 78 3.75 18 1.25 3 .25 .44 XURTOSIS---VETA II .75 .23 6 .14 22.21 261 11. 34.11 2 .85 1935 87.56 214 9.08 24.16 COEF.33 1306 59.75 .05 630 28.75 .75 121 6.04 SE(MpAN) .64 29.36 2192 99.75 2 .96 1734 97.76 42.76 2018 91.14 32.75 125 7. 29.02 1.25 . 31. 40.75 6 . OF VARIATION = 7.03 7 .25 .36 1426 80.12 710 40.52 0 .69 844 38. 3.96 MEAN VALUE 11.34 222 10.02 22.32 10 .2'. 39.25 15 .05 21.22 26.11 207 11. 39.04 2 .25 44 2.26.79 1748 98. 36.9% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES p FPct CuMF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CUmFPCt 1 .25 .24.25 3 .75 0 .79 1 .17 1774 100. 36.39 30. 30.25 28 1.61 SYMMETRY---VETA I .59 33.75 .78 22 1.75 1 .91 61 2.20 MINIMUM 8.09 28.77 40.85 25 1.67 148 6. . 37.15 27.00 2207 99. OF VARIATION = 7.75 4 .05 2208 100.59 68 3.25 7 .02 1680 76.75 .02 .00 219 9.25 . 32.91 32.34 1754 98.75 .66 408 18.48 25.15 MEAN VALUE 12. 26.38 4 .72 40.75 .75 .25 115 5.23.24 1717 96.79 29.25 .11 1499 84.28 33.25 .75 3 .25 35 1. 29.25 123 6.20 MAXIMUM 16.84 28 1.82 831 46.00 137 .87 38.95 36..75 .75 144 8.25 .25 . 27.05 2205 99.05 1 .75 .25 4 .70 MINIMUM 10.00 37.75 .01 32. 33.25 .53 146 6. 35.88 31.1% COEF.06 1770 99.82 1 . 41.75 73 4.25.75 .75 .18 2203 99.58 71 4.03 1695 95.49 23.76 2079 94.42 228 10.05 2 .75 23 1.25 73 4. 37.61 24.77 2184 98.04 33 1.75 . 35.

85 70TH 102.55 98TH 114.00 97TH 112.83 38.84 88.28 97.25 30TH 95. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.74 36.19 15TH 92.16 45TH 97.26 85.24 40.85 41.86 40TH 96.66 35.47 50TH 98.76 1ST 84.98 38.63 45.50 33.49 j1.92 80.40 38.55 34..99 34.47 65TH 101.69 I 84.36 41.5b 34.78 34. THE ERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 78.81 104.93 25TH 94.31 35.52 90.27 36.41 39.46 39.12 32.60 36.14 41.72 Ztl: 86.20 .33 .88 99. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.49 " 87.25 95TH 111 28 43.35 85TH 106.27 79.69 38.41 32.29 2ND 86.56 35TH 96.56 40.18 89.29 37.86 83.(33) CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE The maximum horizontal circumference of the chest at the fullest part of the breast is measured witt a tape.62 3RD 87.92 37.68 37.32 39.77 95.16 33.28 75TH 103.10 36.31 33.32 81.23 37. 90.33 42.40 99TH 116.55 il .63 36. 91.90 35.13 107. 94.43 40.93 93.82 45.65 102.77 80TH 104.85 .72 10TH 90.09 35.10 90TH 108.79 55TH 99.12 86.05 5TH 88.57 105.29 33.31 31.12 37.21 44.58 20TH 93.18 34.18 33.54 41.14 30.56 39. 92.12 60TH 100.99 138 .69 42.

7.05 71.00 117.06 1 .10 MAXIMUM 50.34 498 22.18 10 .0% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .75 1801 81.25 .75 .81 87.86 112. 123. 84.23 1769 99.25 .75 .11 1773 99.63 2192 59.98 1450 81. OF VARIATION .73 111.99 77.25 .28 901 40. CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES cH IN=$ 9c MN 90.75 .00 1 . 126.25 148 8.75 .74 1100 62.41 19 .01 3 .53 85.28 149 6.43 355 20. 7.71 99.93 227 10.82 1344 75.75 89 5.34 945 53.45 75.25 .75 17G 7.11 1652 74. 118. 88. 108.75 9 .75 .02 241 13.25 21 1.83 123.90 STD DEVIATION 2.75 129 7.06 1774 100.25 4 .25 144 8.22 82.75 .60 MAXIMUM 46.70 91.57 206 9.63 1 .05 72.75 169 9.95 115.76 24 1.32 2199 99.00 1771 99.36 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .75 . 72.25 32 1.14 2202 99.68 2136 96.25 .14 SE(MEAN) .30 128.75 .0% COEF.42 81. 100.05 1 .75 .01 31 1.06 3 .17 6 .80 1682 94.25 .48 1900 86.25 58 3.59 108.72 120.25 0 .27 75 3.04 . 114. 73.50 SYMMETRY---VETA I m .73 162 7.33 1339 60.75 2 .90 2099 95.45 1761 99.56 3 .82 93.75 42 2.23 1765 99.72 .05 2206 99.03 .85 1536 86.27 152 8.75 3 .79 336 15.87 1650 93.25 0 .01 42 1. 97.25 114 6. 85.75 .25 .23 6 .75 .75 155 8.75 51 2.18 1753 98.28 COF.75 121 6.75 .05 70.91 114.25 .10 SE(STD DEV) .82 2178 98. 96.05 2207 99.75 .50 6.83 103.05 .10 MINIMUM 27. 105.25 1 .36 78.00 2202 99. .62 79.43 SYMMETRY---VETA I .14 2205 99. 90.25 1 .75 .75 .12 SE(STD DEV) .83 126.16 99.75 .06 6.25 .53 797 44.75 4 .64 105.25 .75 1 .81 0 .25 . 31.64 90.25 7 . 78.75 31 1.58 14 .25 106 5.75 21 1. 112.00 139 .74 102.92 1 .06 100.40 99 4.94 37 1. 87.75 .71 MEAN VALUE 35.75 86 4.25 .93 1223 68.14 MEAN VALUE 39.76 97.55 84.05 2208 100.12 628 35.06 2 .06 1770 99.18 52 2.40 2057 93.37 94 5.05 96.75 .06 1517 68. 120.75 .27 1 .06 33 1.35 STD DEVIATION 2. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct Cump Cumlpct CENTIMETERS F flct Cumi Cumpat 1 .25 . 109.55 1599 90.25 123 6. 79. 99.17 84 3.25 1 . 91.30 232 10.31 88.75 18 1.75 1 .49 52 2.51 1133 51.86 76.25 . 124.115.28 106.25 1 . OF VARIATION . 94.07 1732 97.14 7 .71 1982 89.11 50 2.09 2160 97. 127.75 0 .16 SE(MEAN) .50 MINIMUM 30.93 82 3. 82.32 KURTOSIS---VETA II a 3.77 121.57 94. 102.25 4 .25 63 3.75 1713 96.06 1771 99.80 186 8.00 1771 99.25 .25 .74 18 .25 . 76.39 13 .59 178 8.51 117.25 19 1.75 5 .34 150 6.94 127.27 484 27.97 674 30.01 135 6.49 118. 111.25 .75 . 93. 129. 117.25 8 .27 73. 75.26 102 4.83 124. 103.73 109.25 . 121. 106.

18 86.69 38.17 40.09 36.54 37.40 79.33 33.56 41.05 83.83 90.51 87.26 50TH 55TH 60Th 102.24 40TH 100.96 95.25 45.86 43.84 15TH 95.73 34.97 31.72 90TH 110.73 30TH 98.55 65TH 104.80 37.43 32.93 39. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.61 80TH 107.78 31.47 25TH 97.12 37.28 38.30 101.19 39.99 35. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.06 45.41 3RD 90.71 40.09 85TH 109. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 77.08 35.26 82.86 78.22 88.99 35TH 99.20 37.86 103.00 33.29 35.96 34.34 97TH 115.65 99.54 34.07 85.77 42.72 38.76 80.65 38.82 5TH 92.59 99TH 118.49 140 .61 30.61 84.83 pSTH 116.48 45TH 101.68 33. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead.84 86.02 102.50 40.82 31.37 39.55 1ST 88.52 39.61 41.56 91.93 35.47 85.09 40.38 32.77 103.09 20D 89.88 89.19 91.13 42.69 95TH 113.17 20TH 96.16 39.20 75TH 106.96 36.(34) CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE AT SCYE The horizontal circumference of the chest at the level of the scye-at-midspine landmark is measured with a tape.43 10TH 94.84 C 88.64 98.09 46.56 34.86 70TH 105.83 35.60 41.26 33.98 36.42 44.43 94.58 34.97 92.

7 i1'.69 83.32 119.95 2153 97.55 33 1.49 120.42 116.00 141 . CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE AT SCYE FEMALES MALES 1101-1 88.55 6 .80 1619 91.55 .95 110.12 112.55 2 .55 .55 7 . 101.90 91.87 101.95 2115 95.89 242 10.64 85. 77.55 .55 .41 43 1.72 2169 98.74 1420 80.45 156 7.55 . 95.25 86.27 KURTOSIS---VETA II .55 3 .55 0 .4% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .55 .95 76. 129. 85.86 1652 93. 115.55 0 .82 1587 89.26 2072 93. 81.55 .91 109. 114.15 16 . 104.82 106.68 202 9.41 1710 96.77 123.06 1768 99.77 126.39 1610 72.55 .55 .32 STD DEVIATION 2.94 129.11 50 2. 123.55 2 .66 122.18 48 2.06 1 .0% COZF.55 .10 SYMMETRY---VETA I .28 .55 9 .55 .71 119 5.31 1 .55 56 3.45 42 1.52 92.81 102 4.55 5 .79 97.55 .55 104.98 113.00 1770 99.55 . 128.55 . 3. 102.00 1770 99.37 145 8.36 1139 64.80 MAXIMUM 51. 80.26 84. 125. 109.11 1767 99.90 2022 91.55 54 2.33 66 2.16 SE(MAN) .62 79.10 6.17 92 4.55 25 1.89 128.55 1 .88 1491 67.55 .55 .06 86 3.06 2 .55 87 4.25 1339 60. 124.55 .12 82.64 1 .11 SE(STD DEV) .55 .55 .53 STD DEVIATION 2.55 .55 .55 .55 .55 21 1. 98. 87.28 185 8.51 SYMMETRY---VETA I .55 1 .55 .11 12 .51 27 1.99 1980 89.64 88.55 .55 5 .51 KURTOSIS---VETA II .90 102 4.20 1044 58.7C MEAN VALUE 34.00 1772 99. 111.55 103 5.77 38 1. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .05 2207 99.55 33 1.13 129.55 22 1.15 1179 53.55 . 86.06 123 5.26 1 .25 COWF. 112.01 160 7. 82.31 1 .55 .55 .55 15 .40 87.18 1731 97. 106.55 58 3.11 274 15.55 .55 85 4.84 14 . 110.55 . 100.86 103 5.85 3 .55 .55 . 75.55 .56 98.55 .95 110 4. 120.81 934 52.07 80.55 3 .55 .55 .55 . 78.16 356 16.77 105.05 2204 99.09 74.55 .06 1773 99.57 21 .55 .72 78.55 2 .05 2208 100.118. 91.117.11 Si(MEAN) .55 99 5.28 102.55 . OF VARIATION .82 107.38 809 36.51 99.28 1759 99.5! 113 6.00 1 .28 10 .54 21 . 97.69 831 46. 89.00 1 .03 . 126.55 2 . 93.5 .55 110 6.68 93.55 0 .55 0 .17 1762 99.55 1 .72 77.77 112. 119.57 624 28.17 1914 86.39 114.00 1770 99.55 . 105.53 89.67 94.86 108.06 5.32 9 .55 12 .00 60 2.20 17 .55 .57 479 21.41 103. 127.11 1770 99.96 81. 3.65 9 .89 127. 6.55 .45 1754 99.55 .55 42 1.21 3 .77 125.55 1 .16 201 11.55 .11 145 6.70 MINIMUM 31.37 631 35.30 433 24.61 121.06 114 5.92 90.34 18 1.58 95. 6.55 22 1.33 1537 86.55 8 .56 168 7.55 .55 42 2.41 5 .77 2132 96.05 2206 99.55 3 .55 17 .011 2204 99.84 96.30 MINIMUM 29.46 1 .58 115.55 .09 2 .55 .55 0 .55 73 4.55 110 6.86 1685 94.05 2205 99.77 124.57 .66 339 19.15 118. 113.55 .79 518 29.41 75. 79. 76.58 730 41.32 MEAN VALUE 40.06 1774 100.55 50 2.04 .55 .10 MAXIMUM 44. 99.65 80.55 . 84. 90. 103.52 152 6. 94.55 21 1. 96.04 75.90 1336 75.55 32 1.55 84 4.55 95 5. 130.55 94 5. 92.92 102.41 2192 99.08 SE(STD DZV) .23 100.23 2203 99.55 65 3.14 2195 99.17 1765 99.55 0 . 83.55 10l 5. 116.55 . OF VARIATION .27 14Th 83. 122.S3 .62 1822 82.63 2183 98.24 70 3.05 0 . 107.98 1720 77.11 1772 99.55 1 .14 2198 99. 88.85 1746 98.17 5 . 108. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES r FPct Cumrn CumlPat CENTIMETERS P Ffct Cum? Cumppct 2 .55 .00 111.61 977 44.55 59 3. 121.55 .20 1249 70.55 33 1.

(35) CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE BELOW BREAST

The horizontal circumference of the chest at the level of the inferior juncture of the lowest
breast with the rib cage is measured with a tape. On women, the tape may lie on the bra.
The subject stands erect looking straight ahead. The shoulders and upper extremities are
relaxed. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.

THE PERCENTILES

FEMALES MALES
CM INCHES Cm INCHES
67.09 26.41 iET 78.91 31.07
68.10 26.81 2ND 80.42 31.66

68.74 27.06 3RD 81.36 32.03
69.60 27.40 5TH 82.63 32.53
70.95 27.93 10TH 84.59 33.30

71.90 28.31 15TH 85.95 33.84
72.67 28.61 20TH 87.05 34.27
73.37 28.88 25TH 88.02 34.65
74.01 29.14 30TH 88.91 35.00
74.62 29.38 35TH 89.75 35.33
75.22 29.61 40TH 90.56 35.65
75.82 29.85 45TH 91.36 35.97
76.43 30.09 50TH 92.17 36.29
77.06 30.34 55TH 93.00 36.61

77.72 30.60 60TH 93.05 36.95

78.42 30.87 65TH 94.75 37.30
79.18 31.17 70TH 95.72 37.68

80.03 31.51 75TH 96.78 38.10
81.02 31.90 80TH 98.00 38.58
82.21 32.37 85TH 99.44 39.15

83.79 32.99 90TH 101.29 39.88
86.27 33.96 95TH 104.10 40.98

87.96 34.63 97TH 105.93 41.71
89.25 35.14 98TH 107.28 42.24
91.33 35.96 99TH 109.38 43.06

142

CHEST CIRCUMFERENCE BELOW BREAST

FEMALES MALES
CM INCHES CM INCHES
76.97 MEAN VALUE 30.30 92.61 MEAN VALUE 36.46
.11 SE(mEAN) .04 .16 SE(MEAN) .06
5.10 STD DEVIATION 2.01 6.54 STD DEVIATION 2.58
.08 SE(STD DEV) .03 .11 SE(STD DEV) .04
64.00 MINIMUM 25.20 72.30 MINIMUM 28.46
98.80 MAXIMUM 38.90 121.10 MAXIMUM 47.68
SYMMETRY---VETA I - .62 SYMMETRY---VETA I - .36
KURTOSIS---VETA II - 3.61 KURTOSIS---VETA II w 3.26
COEF. OF VARIATION = 6.6% COEF. OF VARIATION - 7.1%
NUMBER OF SUBJECTS - 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS - 1774

FREQUENCY TABLE
FEMALES MALES
p Flat CumF Cuml]ct CENTINZTER F Fpct CWDI Cuajqat
4 .18 4 .18 63.75 - 65.25
9 .41 13 .59 65.25 - 66.75
38 1.72 51 2.31 66.75 - 68.25
69 3.13 120 5.43 68.25 - 69.75
130 5.89 250 11.32 69.75 - 71.25
179 8.11 429 19.43 71.25 - 72.75 1 .06 1 .06
280 12.68 709 32.11 72.75 - 74.25 0 .00 1 .06
289 13.09 998 45.20 74.25 - 75.75 3 .17 4 .23
255 11.55 1253 56.75 75.75 - 77.25 5 .28 9 .51
229 10.37 1482 67.12 77.25 - 78.75 6 .34 15 .85
198 8.51 1670 75.63 78.75 - 80.25 20 1.13 35 1.97
169 7.65 1839 83.29 80.25 - 81.75 31 1.75 66 3.72
114 5.16 1953 88.45 81.75 - 83.25 39 2.20 105 5.92
90 4.08 2043 92.53 83.25 - 84.75 92 5.19 197 11.10
56 2.54 2099 95.06 84.75 - 86.25 99 5.58 296 16.69
35 1.59 2134 96.65 86.25 - 87.75 116 6.54 412 23.22
33 1.49 2167 98.14 87.75 - 89.25 149 8.40 561 31.62
13 .59 2180 98.73 89.25 - 90.75 167 9.41 728 41.04
16 .72 2196 99.46 90.75 - 92.25 176 9.92 904 50.96
5 .23 2201 99.68 92.25 - 93.75 147 8.29 1051 59.24
2 .09 2203 99.77 93.75 - 95.25 152 8.57 1203 67.81
0 .00 2203 99.77 95.25 - 96.75 126 7.10 1329 74.92
2 .09 2205 99.86 96.75 - 98.25 100 5.64 1429 80.55
3 .14 2208 100.00 98.25 - 99.75 101 5.69 1530 86.25
99.75 - 101.25 73 4.11 1603 90.36
101.25 - 102.75 48 2.71 1651 93.07
102.75 - 104.25 37 2.09 1688 95.15
104.25 - 105.75 30 1.69 1718 96.84
105.75 - 107.25 24 1.35 1742 98.20
107.25 - 108.75 13 .73 1755 98.93
108.75 - 110.25 5 .28 1760 99.21
110.25 - 111.75 8 .S 1768 99.66
111.75 - 113.25 2 .11 1770 99.77
113.25 - 114.75 0 .00 1770 99.77
114.75 - 116.25 1 .06 1771 99.83
116.25 - 117.75 0 .00 )771 99.83
117.75 - 119.25 2 .11 1773 99.94
119.25 - 120.75 0 .00 1773 99.94
120.75 - 122.25 1 .06 1774 100.00

143

(36) CHEST DEPTH

The horizontal distance between the chest, at the level of the right bustpoint on women or
the nipple on men, and the back at the same level is measured with a beam caliper. The
subject stands erect looking straight ahead. The shoulders and upper extremities are
relaxed. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.

THE PERCENTILES

FEMALES MALES
CH INCHNS CI4 INCIHS
19.71 7.76 1ST 19.67 7.74
20.20 7.95 2ND 20.20 7.95
20.48 8.06 3RD 20.52 8.08

20.86 8.21 5TH 20.96 8.25
21.43 8.44 IOTH 21.64 8.52

21.83 8.59 15TH 22.11 8.71
22.15 8.72 20TH 22.49 8.85
22.44 8.84 25TH 22.82 8.98
22.71 8.94 30TH 23.12 9.10
22.97 9.04 35TH 23.40 9.21
23.22 9.14 40TH 23.68 9.32
23.48 9.24 45TH 23.95 9.43

23.74 9.35 50TH 24.22 9.53
24.00 9.45 55Th 24.49 9.64

24.28 9.56 60TH 24.78 9.75
24.58 9.68 65TH 25.01 9.87
24.90 9.80 70TH 25.39 10.00
25.26 9.95 75TH 25.73 10.13

25.68 10.11 OTH 26.13 10.29
26.17 10.30 85TH 26.59 10.47
26.81 10.56 90TH 27.17 10.70
27.78 10.94 95TH 28.04 11.04
28.41 11.18 97TH 28.59 11.26
28.86 11.36 98TH 28.99 11.41
29.54 11.63 99TH 29.60 11.65

144

CHEST DEPTH

FEMALES MALES

CM INCHES CM INCHES
23.94 MEAN VALUE 9.43 24.32 MEAN VALUE 9.58
.04 SE(MEAN) .02 .05 SE(MEAN) .02
2.11 STD DEVIATION .83 2.15 STD DEVIATION .85
.03 SE(STD DEV) .00 .04 SE(STD DEV) .00
17.00 MINIMUM 6.69 18.50 MINIMUM 7.28
32.50 MAXIMUM 12.80 32.20 MAXIMUM 12.68
SYMMETRY---VETA I - .44 SYMMETRY--- VETA I .26
KURTOSIS---VETA II - 3.24 KURTOSIS---VETA I = 3.07
COEF. OF VARIATION - 8.8% COEF. OF VARIATION - 8.8%
NUMBER OF SUBJECTS - 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS - 1774

FREQUENCY TABLE
FEMALES MALES
F lPct CwmIF CumFpct CINTIETERS F fpot Cump Cwulct
1 .05 1 .05 16.75 - 17.25
1 .05 2 .09 17.25 - 17.75
1 .05 3 .14 17.75 - 18.25
2 .09 5 .23 18.25 - 18.75 2 .11 2 .11
6 .27 11 .50 18.75 - 19.25 5 .28 7 .39
13 .59 24 1.09 19.25 - 19.75 12 .68 19 1.07
19 .86 43 1.95 19.75 - 20.25 19 1.07 38 2.14
46 2.08 89 4.03 20.25 - 20.75 36 2.03 74 4.17
106 4.80 195 8.83 20.75 - 21.25 42 2.37 116 6.54
123 5.57 318 14.40 21.25 - 21.75 83 4.68 199 11.22
153 6.93 471 21.33 21.75 - 22.25 108 6.09 307 17.31
201 9.10 672 30.43 22.25 - 22.75 120 6.76 427 24.07
203 9.19 875 39.63 22.75 - 23.25 129 7.27 356 31.34
229 10.37 1104 50.00 23.25 - 23.75 169 9.53 725 40.87
212 9.60 1316 59.60 23.75 - 24.25 168 9.47 893 50.34
184 8.33 1500 67.93 24.25 - 24.75 161 9.08 1054 59.41
164 7.43 1664 75.36 24.75 - 25.25 153 8.62 1207 68.04
123 5.57 ]787 80.93 25.25 - 25.75 133 7.50 1340 75.54
111 5.03 1898 85.96 25.75 - 26.25 119 6.71 1459 82.24
81 3.67 1979 89.63 26.25 - 26.75 83 4.68 1542 86.92
82 3.71 2061 93.34 26.75 - 27.25 76 4.28 1618 91.21
36 1.63 2097 94.97 27.25 - 27.75 45 2.54 1663 93.74
32 1.45 2129 96.42 27.7S - 28.25 34 1.92 1697 95.66
28 1.27 2157 97.69 28.25 - 28.75 31 1.75 1728 97.41
24 1.09 2181 98.78 28.75 - 29.25 16 .90 1744 98.31
10 .45 2191 99.23 29.25 - 29.75 19 1.07 1763 99.38
8 .36 2199 99.59 29.75 - 30.25 4 .23 1767 99.61
6 .27 2205 p9.86 30.25 - 30.75 0 .00 1767 99.61
0 .00 2205 99.86 30.75 - 31.25 2 .11 1769 99.72
1 .05 2206 99.91 31.25 - 31.75 2 .11 1771 99.83
1 .05 2207 99.95 31.75 - 32.25 3 .17 1774 100.00
1 .05 2208 100.00 32.25 - 32.75

145

(37) CHEST HEIGHT

The vertical distance between a standing surface and the right bustpoint on women or the
nipple on men is measured with an anthropometer. The subject stands erect looking
straight ahead. The heels are together with the weight distributed equally on both feet.
The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed. The measurement is taken at the
maximum point of quiet respiration.

THE PERCENTILES

FEMALES MALES
CH INCHES CM INCHS
105.13 41.39 1ST 114.72 45.17
106.70 42.01 2ND 116.34 45.80
107.64 42.38 3RD 117.32 46.19

108.85 42.86 5TH 118.61 46.70
110.66 43.56 10TH 120.54 47.46
111.86 44.04 15TH 121.84 47.97
112.81 44.42 20TH 122.86 48.37
113.65 44.75 25TH 123.76 48.72
114.42 45.05 30TH 124.57 49.04
115.13 45.33 35TH 125.32 49.34
115.83 45.60 40TH 126.04 49.62
116.51 45.87 45TH 126.75 49.90

117.20 46.14 50TH 127.46 50.18

117.90 46.42 55TH 128.17 50.46
118.61 46.70 60TH 128.90 50.75
119.37 47.00 65TH 129.66 51.05
120.18 47.31 70TH 130.46 51.36
121.07 47.66 75TH 131.34 51.71
122.07 48.06 80TH 132.33 52.10
123.24 48.52 85TH 133.47 52.55

124.73 49.10 90TH 134.91 53.11
126.89 49.96 95TH 136.98 53.93

128.23 50.48 97TH 138.26 54.43
129.17 50.85 98TH 139.15 54.78
130.53 51.39 99TH 140.45 55.30

146

CHEST HEIGHT
FEMALES MALES

117.44 MEAN VALUE 46.24 127.59 MEAN VALUE 50.23
.12 SE(MEAN) .05 .13 SE(MEAN) .05
5.50 STD DEVIATION 2.17 5.61 STD DEVIATION 2.21
.08 SE(STD DEV) .03 .09 SE(STD DEV) .04
99.60 MINIMUM 39.21 103.50 MINIMUM 40.75
140.20 MAXIMUM 55.20 151.20 MAXIMUM 59.53
SYMMETRY---VETA I .19 SYMMETRY---VETA I - .08
KURTOSIS---VETA II - 3.14 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.23
COEF. OF VARIATION - 4.7% COEF. OF VARIATION - 4.4%
NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS - 1774

FREQUENCY TABLE
FEMALES MALES
P Flt Cum. Cumflct CglTimigsF 7 l:ot Cum. CumFhct
1 .05 1 .05 99.55 - 100.55
1 .05 2 .09 100.55 - 101.55
5 .23 7 .32 101.55 - 102.55
4 .18 11 .50 102.55 - 103.55 1 .06 1 .06
6 .27 17 .77 103.55 - 104.55 0 .00 1 .06
8 .36 25 1.13 104.55 - 105.55 0 .00 1 .06
16 .72 41 1.86 105.55 - 106.55 0 .00 1 .06
23 1.04 64 2.90 106.55 - 107.55 0 .00 1 .06
35 1.59 99 4.46 107.55 - 108.55 0 .00 1 .06
46 2.08 145 6.57 108.55 - 109.55 i .06 2 .11
76 3.44 221 10.01 109.55 - 110.55 0 .00 2 .11
97 4.39 318 14.40 110.55 - 111.55 0 .00 2 .11
91 4.12 409 18.52 111.55 - 112.55 5 .28 7 .39
112 5.07 521 23.60 112.55 - 113.55 2 .11 9 .51
162 7.34 683 30.93 113.55 - 114.55 7 .39 16 .90
172 7.79 855 38.72 114.55 - 115.55 8 .45 24 1.35
147 6.66 1002 45.38 115.55 - 116.55 10 .56 34 1.92
153 6.93 1155 52.31 116.55 - 117.55 28 1.58 62 3.49
163 7.38 1318 59.69 117.55 - 118.55 27 1.52 89 5.0^
140 6.34 1456 66.03 118.55 - 119.55 32 1.80 121 6.62
143 6.48 1601 72.51 119.55 - 120.55 53 2.99 174 9.01
125 5.66 1726 78.17 120.55 - 121.55 71 4.00 245 13.81
102 4.62 1828 82.79 121,55 - 122.35 s0 4.51 325 18.32
87 3.94 1915 86.73 122.55 - 123.55 89 5.02 414 23.34
70 3.17 1985 89.90 123.55 - 124.55 110 6.20 524 29.54
48 2.17 2033 92.07 124.55 - 125.55 133 7.50 657 37.03
45 2.04 2078 94.11 125.55 - 126.55 129 7.27 786 44.31
41 1.86 2119 95.97 126.55 - 127.55 140 7.89 926 52.20
34 1.54 2153 97.51 127.55 - 128.55 103 5.81 1029 58.00
21 .95 2174 98.46 128.55 - 129.55 96 5.41 1125 63.42
12 .54 2186 99.00 129.55 - 130.55 108 6.09 1233 69.50
8 .36 2194 99.37 130.55 - 131.55 104 5.86 1337 75.37
7 .32 2201 99.68 131.55 - 132.55 95 5.36 1432 80.72
2 .09 2203 99.77 132.55 - 133.55 88 4.96 1520 85.68
0 .00 2203 99.77 133.55 - 134.55 64 3.61 1584 89.29
1 .05 2204 99.82 134.55 - 135.55 47 2.65 1631 91.94
1 .05 2205 99.86 135.55 - 136.55 47 2.65 1678 94.59
0 .00 2205 99.86 136.55 - 137.55 25 1.41 1703 96.00
1 .05 2206 99.91 137.55 - 138.55 25 1.41 1728 97.41
1 .05 2207 99.95 138.55 - 139.55 16 .90 174 98.31
1 .05 2208 100.00 139.55 - 140.55 15 .85 1759 99.15
140.55 - 141.55 7 .39 1766 99.55
141.55 - 142.55 1 .06 1767 99.61
142.55 - 143.55 2 .11 1769 99.72
143.55 - 144.55 0 .00 1769 99.72
144.55 - 145.55 3 .17 1772 99.89
145.55 - 146.55 0 .00 1772 99.89
146.55 - 147.55 0 .00 1772 99.89
147.55 - 148.55 0 .00 1772 99.89
148.55 - 149.55 0 .00 1772 99.89
149.55 - 150.55 0 .00 1772 99.89
150.55 - 151.55 2 .11 1774 100.00

147

(38) CROTCH HEIGHT

The vertical distance between the standing surface and the crotch is measured with an
anthropometer. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead. The heels are together
and the weight is distributed equally on both feet.

THE PERCENTILES

FEMALES MALES
CM INCHES CM INCHES
67.00 26.38 1ST 73.16 28.80
68.23 26.86 2ND 74.56 29.35
68.99 27.16 3RD 75.38 29.68
70.02 27.57 5TH 76.44 30.09
71.58 28.18 10TH 77.99 30.70
72.62 28.59 15TH 79.01 31.11
73.44 28.91 20TH 79.82 31.43
74.15 29.19 25TH 80.53 31.70
74.78 29.44 30TH 81.17 31.96

75.37 29.67 35TH 81.77 32.19
§ " 75.93 29.89 40TH 82.35 32.42
76.47 30.11 45TH 82.93 32.65

77.01 30.32 50TH 83.50 32.88
77.56 30.53 55TH 84.09 33.11
78.11 30.75 60TH 84.69 33.34
78.69 30.98 65TH 85.33 33.59
79.30 31.22 70TH 86.01 33.86
79.98 31.49 75TH 86.75 34.16
80.74 31.79 80TH 87.60 34.49
81.64 32.14 85TH 88.58 34.87
82.80 32.60 90TH 89.83 35.37

84.58 33.30 95TH 91.64 36.08
85.77 33.77 97TH 92.75 36.52
86.68 34.12 98TH 93.53 36.82

88.14 34.70 99TH 94.64 37.26

148

CROTCH HEIGHT
FEMALES MALES
CM CH INCHES
77.14 MEAN VALUE 30.37 83.72 MEAN VALUE 32.96
.09 SE(MEAN) .04 .11 SE(MEAN) .04
4.41 STD DEVIATION 1.74 4.62 STD DEVIATION 1.82
.07 SE(STD DEV) .03 .08 SE(STD DEV) .03
59.40 MINIMUM 23.39 67.50 MINIMUM 26.57
94.80 MAXIMUM 37.32 106.70 MAXIMUM 42.01
SYMMETRY---VETA I = .14 SYMMETRY---VETA I .20
KURTOSIS---VETA II - 3.16 KURTOSIS---VETA II 3.30
COEF. OF VARIATION - 5.7% COEF. OF VARIATION - 5.5%
NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS - 1774

FREQUENCY TABLE
FEMALES MALES
Fr fPt CuimF CumFpct CENTINTURS F FPct CuMF CumFPct
1 .05 1 .05 59.55 - 59.55
0 .00 1 .05 59.55 - 60.55
0 .00 1 .05 60.55 - 61.55
0 .00 1 .05 61.55 - 62.55
0 .00 1 .05 62.55 - 63.55
1 .05 2 .09 63.55 - 64.55
4 .18 6 .27 64.55 - 65.55
9 .41 15 .68 65.55 - 66.55
16 .72 31 1.40 66.55 - 67.55 1 .06 1 .06
22 1.00 53 2.40 67.55 - 68.55 0 .00 1 .06
29 1.31 82 3.71 68.55 - 69.55 0 .00 1 .06
50 2.26 132 5.98 69.55 - 70.55 1 .06 2 .11
74 3.35 206 9.33 70.55 - 71.55 6 .34 8 .45
118 5.34 324 14.67 71.55 - 72.55 5 .28 13 .73
137 6.20 461 20.88 72.55 - 73.55 6 .34 19 1.07
167 7.56 628 28.44 73.55 - 74.55 17 .96 36 2.03
190 8.61 818 37.05 74.55 - 75.55 20 1.13 56 3.16
197 8.92 1C15 45.97 75.55 - 76.55 31 1.75 87 4.90
197 8.92 1212 54.89 76.55 - 77.55 56 3.16 143 8.06
200 9.06 1412 63.95 77.55 - 78.55 78 4.40 221 12.46
167 7.56 1579 71.51 78.55 - 79.55 112 6.31 333 18.77
153 6.93 1732 78.44 79.55 - 80.55 112 6.31 445 25.08
133 6.02 1865 84.47 80.55 - 81.55 127 7.16 572 32.24
101 4.57 1966 89.04 81.55 - 82.55 172 9.70 744 41.94
75 3.40 2041 92.44 82.55 - 83.55 156 8.79 900 50.73
60 2.72 2101 95.15 83.55 - 84.55 139 7.84 1039 58.57
41 1.86 2142 97.01 84.55 - 85.55 153 8.62 1192 67.19
21 .95 2163 97.96 85.55 - 86.55 120 6.76 1312 73.96
16 .72 2179 98.69 86.55 - 87.55 112 6.31 1424 80.27
12 .54 2191 99.23 87.55 - 88.55 81 4.57 1505 84.84
8 .36 2199 99.59 88.55 - 89.55 79 4.45 1584 89.29
5 .23 2204 99.82 89.55 - 90.55 53 2.99 1637 92.28
1 .05 2205 99.86 90.55 - 91.55 45 2.54 1682 94.81
1 .05 2206 99.91 91.55 - 92.55 32 1.80 1714 96.62
1 .05 2207 99.95 92.55 - 93.55 29 1.63 1743 98.25
0 .00 2207 99.95 93.55 - 94.55 11 .62 1754 98.87
1 .05 2208 100.00 94.55 - 95.55 11 .62 1765 99.49
95.55 - 96.55 2 .11 1767 99.61
96.55 - 97.55 3 .17 1770 99.77
97.55 - 98.55 2 .11 1772 99.89
98.55 - 99.55 0 .00 1772 99.89
99.55 - 100.55 0 .00 1772 99.89
100.55 - 101.55 0 .00 1772 99.89
101.55 - 102.55 1 .06 1773 99.94
102.55 - 103.55 0 .00 1773 99.94
103.55 - 104.55 0 .00 1773 99.94
104.55 - 105.55 0 .00 1773 99.94
105.55 - 106.55 0 .Ou 1773 99.94
106.55 - 107.55 1 .06 1774 100.00

149

(39) CROTCH LENGTH (NATURAL INDENTATION)

The distance between the abdomen at the level of the natural indentation of the waist to
the same level on the back is measured with a tape passing through the crotch to the right
of the genitalia. The tape is held vertically both in front and in back. The subject stands
erect looking straight ahead. The heels are together with the weight distributed equally on
both feet. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.

THE PERCENTILES

FEMALES MALES
CH INCIWS CH INCHES
63.47 24.99 i5, 64.98 25.58
64.78 25.50 2ND 66.22 26.07
65.61 25.83 3RD 67.01 26.38
66.72 26.27 5TH 68.10 26.81
68.46 26.95 10TH 69.80 27.48

69.67 27.43 15TH 70.98 27.94
70.64 27.81 20TH 71.93 28.32
71.50 28.15 25TH 72.78 28.65
72.28 28.46 30TH 73.55 28.96
73.02 28.75 35TH 74.27 29.24
73.74 29.33 40TH 74.97 29.52

74.44 29.31 45TH 75.65 29.79
75.14 29.58 50TH 76.34 30.06

75.86 29.87 55TH 77.05 30.33
76.59 30.15 60TH 77.77 30.62
77.36 30.46 65TH 78.52 30.91
78.19 30.78 70TH 79.33 31.23
79.09 31.14 75TH 80.22 31.58
80.12 31.54 80TH 81.24 31.98
_ 81.32 32.02 85TM 82.43 32.45
S82.86 32.62 90TH 83-97 33.06
85.14 33.52 95TH 86.29 33.97
86.61 34.10 97TH 87.82 34.58

87.68 34.52 98TH 08.95 35.02

89.31 35.16 99TH 90.73 35.72

150

CROTCH LENGTH (NATURAL INDENTATION)

FEMALES MALES

cNCNE IN;HES
75.43 MEAN VALUE 29.70 76.67 MEAN VALUE 30.18
.12 SE(MEAN) .05 .13 SE(MEAN) .05
5.57 STD DEVIATION 2.19 5.55 STD DEVIATION 2.19
.08 SE(STD DEV) .03 .09 SE(STD DEV) .04
59.00 MINIMUM 23.23 60.10 MINIMUM 23.66
95.30 MAXIMUM 37.52 98.20 MAXIMUM 38.66
SYMMETRY---VETA I - .24 SYMMETRY---VETA I .34
KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.90 KURTOSIS---VETA II w 3.14
COEF. OF VARIATION = 7.4% COEF. OF VARIATION - 7.2%
NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774

FREQUENCY TABLE
FEMALES MALES
I FPct CwnF CumFPct CRNTINXTERS F FPct CumP CumFPct
1 .05 1 .05 58.55 - 59.55
0 .00 1 .05 59.55 - 60.55 1 .06 1 .06
5 .23 6 .27 60.55 - 61.55 1 .06 2 .11
7 .32 13 .59 61.55 - 62.55 1 .06 3 .17
11 .50 24 1.09 62.55 - 63.55 4 .23 7 .39
8 .36 32 1.45 63.55 - 64.55 4 .23 11 .62
38 1.72 70 3.17 64.55 - 65.55 15 .85 26 1.47
43 1.95 113 5.12 65.55 - 66.55 16 .90 42 2.37
48 2.17 161 7.29 66.55 - 67.55 22 1.24 64 3.61
66 2.99 227 10.28 67.55 - 68.55 42 2.37 106 5.98
98 4.44 325 14.72 68.55 - 69.55 49 2.76 155 8.74
96 4.35 421 19.07 69.55 - 70.55 63 3.55 218 12.29
137 6.20 558 25.27 70.55 - 71.55 100 5.64 318 17.93
142 6.43 700 31.70 71.55 - 72.55 108 6.09 426 24.01
145 6.57 845 38.27 72.55 - 73.55 116 6.54 542 30.55
152 6.88 997 45.15 73.55 - 74.55 114 6.43 656 36.98
165 7.47 1162 52.63 74.55 - 75.55 140 7.89 796 44.87
157 7.11 1319 59.74 75.55 - 76.55 127 7.16 923 52.03
165 7.47 1484 67.21 76.55 - 77.55 130 7.33 1053 59.36
129 5.84 1613 73.05 77.55 - 78.55 109 6.14 1162 65.50
111 5.0! 1724 78.08 78.55 - 79.55 98 5.52 1260 71.03
88 3.99 1812 82.07 79.55 - 80.55 97 5.47 1357 76.49
70 3.17 1882 85.24 80.55 - 81.55 79 4.45 1436 80.95
81 3.67 1963 88.90 81.55 - 82.55 67 3.78 1503 84.72
61 2.76 2024 91.67 82.55 - 83.55 65 3.66 1568 88.39
48 2.17 2072 93.84 83.55 - 84.55 49 2.76 1617 91.15
36 1.63 2108 95.47 84.55 - 85.55 44 2.48 1661 93.63
35 1.59 2143 97.06 85.55 - 86.55 34 1.92 1695 95.55
15 .68 2158 97.74 86.55 - 87.55 28 1.58 1723 97.13
23 1.04 2181 98.78 87.55 - 88.55 15 .85 1738 97.97
9 .41 2190 99.18 80.55 - 89.55 8 .45 1746 98.42
8 .36 2198 99.55 89.55 - 90.55 9 .51 1755 98.93
5 .23 2203 99.77 90.55 - 91.55 5 .28 1760 99.21
4 .18 2207 99.95 91.55 - 92.55 3 .17 1763 99.38
0 .00 2207 99.95 92.55 - 93.55 3 .17 1766 99.55
0 .00 2207 99.95 93.55 - 94.55 3 .17 1769 99.72
1 .05 2208 100.00 94.55 - 95.55 2 .11 1771 99.83
95.55 - 96.55 1 .06 1772 99.89
96.55 - 97.55 1 .06 1773 99.94
97.55 - 98.55 1 .06 1774 100.00

151

(40) CROTCH LENGTH (OMPHALION)

The distance between the abdomen at the level of the center of the navel (omphalion) to
the sam-. level on the back is measured with a tape passing through the crotch to the right
of the genitalia. The tape is held vertically both in front and in back. The subject stands
erect looking straight ahead. The heels are together with the weight distributed equally on
both feet. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.

THE PERCENTILES

FEMALES MALES
CH INCHES CH INCHES
51.60 20.31 1ST 54.34 21.39
52.78 20.78 2ND 55.43 21.82
53.49 21.06 3RD 56.13 22.10
54.41 21.42 5TH 57.06 22.47

55.77 21.96 10TH 58.56 23,05

56.67 22.31 15TH 59.56 23.45
57.38 22.59 20TH 60.36 23.76
57.99 22.83 25TH 61.05 24.04

58.55 23.05 30TH 61.68 24.28
59.06 23.25 35TH 62.26 24.51
59.56 23.45 40TH 62.81 24.73
60.05 23.64 45TH 63.35 24.94

60.54 23.83 50TH 63.89 25.15
61.03 24.03 55TH 64.4j 25.37
61.54 24.23 60TH 64.98 25.50
62.07 24.44 65TH 65.55 25.81
62.64 24.66 70TH 66.16 26.05
63.27 24.91 75TH 66.83 26.31
63.98 25.19 80"1A 67.59 26.61

:_J 64. 25.b2 85TH 69.48 26.96
65.87 25.93 90TH 69.63 27.41
67.46 26.56 95TH 71.40 28.11
68.18 2,.96 97TH 72.60 28.50
69.22 27.25 98TH 73.50 28.94

70.34 27.69 99TH 74.97 29.52

152

CROTCH LENGTH (OMPHALION)

_
FEMALES
iNCHEs
1 CM
MALES
INCES$
60.67 MEAN VALUE 23.89 64.01 MEAN VALUE 25.20
.08 SE(mm) .03 .10 SE(MRA) .04
3.94 STD DEVIATION 1.55 4.32 STD DSVIATION 1.70
.06 SE(STO DZV) .02 .07 SE(STD DEV) .03
48.70 14INIMUM 19.17 51.10 MINIMUM 20.12
76.30 MAXIMUM 30.04 79.10 MAXIMUM 31.14
SYMMETRY---VETA I - .15 SYMMETRY---VETA I - .19
KURTOSIS---VETA II - 3.04 KURTOSIS---VETA II - 3.06
COEF. OF VARIATION - 6.5% COEF. OF VARIATION - 6.8%
NUMBER OF SUBJECTS - 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS - 1774

FREQUENCY TABLE
7EMALES MALES
F Fplc CuMF CumFPCt CENTXIMTERS F FPct CumF CumlPct
2 .09 2 .09 48.55 - 49.55
11 .50 13 .59 49.55 - 50.55
10 .45 23 1.04 50.55 - 51.55 1 .06 1 .06
19 .86 42 1.90 51.55 - 52.55 1 .06 2 .11
23 1.04 65 2.94 52.55 - 53.55 6 .34 8 .45
50 2.26 115 5.21 53.55 - 54.55 9 .51 17 .9c
83 3.76 198 8.$7 54.55 - 55.55 26 1.47 43 2.42
116 5.25 314 14.22 55.55 - 56.55 26 1.47 69 3.89
176 7.97 490 22.19 56.55 - 57.55 42 2.37 111 6.2j
193 8.74 683 30.93 57.55 - 58.55 56 3.16 167 9.41
213 9.65 R96 40.58 58.55 - 59.55 88 4.96 255 14.37
223 10.10 1119 50.68 59.55 - 60.55 121 6.82 376 21.20
211 9.56 1330 60.24 60.55 - 61.55 145 8.17 521 29.37
208 9.42 1538 69.66 61.55 - 62.55 162 9.13 683 38.50
180 8.15 1718 77.81 62.55 - 63.55 153 8.62 836 47.13
134 6.07 1852 83.88 63.55 - 64.55 167 9.41 1003 56.54
107 4.85 1959 88.72 64.55 - 65.55 151 8.51 1154 65.05
88 3.99 2047 92.71 65.55 - 66.55 131 7.38 1285 72.44
61 2.76 2108 95.47 66.55 - 67.55 143 8.06 1428 80.50
42 1.90 2150 97.37 67.55 - 68.55 86 4.85 1514 85.34
26 1.18 2176 98.55 68,55 - 69.55 75 4.23 1589 89.57
13 .59 2189 99.14 69.55 - 70.55 70 3.95 1659 93.52
11 .50 2200 99.64 70.55 - 71.55 32 1.80 1691 95.32
5 .23 2205 99.86 71.55 - 72.55 31 1.75 1722 97.07
2 .09 2207 99.95 .72.55 - 73.55 17 .96 1739 98.03
0 .Co 2207 99.95 73.55 - 74.55 15 .85 1754 98.87
0 .00 2207 99.95 74.55 - 75.55 6 .34 1760 99.21
1 .05 2208 100.00 75.55 • 76.55 7 .39 1767 99.61
76.55 - 77.55 3 .17 1770 99.77
77.55 - 78.5S 3 .17 1773 99.94
78.55 - 79.55 1 .06 1774 100.00

153

11 32.24 16.62 97TH 44.75 17.49 85TH 41.14 18.17 50TH 38.84 40.02 41.01 45TH 38.22 13.19 44.76 2NO 33.6.64 65TH 39.85 14. The subject stands with the left foot on a platform so that the knee is flexed.95 14.52 14.36 14.74 15.(41) CROTCH LENGTH.45 42.67 17.41 12.48 13.68 15.39 1ST 32.09 38.77 13.:o6 14.65 37.32 55TH 39.46 12.98 12.80 37.21 14.82 90TH 42.97 17.31 95TH 43.55 30TH 37.68 16.75 14.22 41.48 45.23 15.20 16.68 16.04 14.1!.75 .11 36.59 14.90 17.49 36.55 3.64 12.79 16.70 13.14 15.96 14.71 35TH 37.32 15.52 39.28 33.90 16. -7 15TH 35.05 15.31 36.73 16.17 99TH 45.51 34.24 80TH 41. 43.52 15.99 154 .27 5TH 34. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHS CM INCHES 31.34 25TH 36.68 46.80 14.87 35.98 3RD 33.32 13.32 15.39 17.69 17.74 13.91 15.69 10TH 35.e5 32.94 38. POSTERIOR (NATURAL INDENTATION) The surface distance from the crotch at the inner thigh landmark to the back of the waist at the posterior natural-indentation landmark is measured with a tape.31 17.42 15. 20TH 36.31 1?. The tape passes between the buttocks to the back of the waist.67 40.86 40TH 37.82 70TH 40.19 15.48 60TH 39.37 -39.23 38.02 75TH 40.84 98TH 44.91 15.

94 0 .11 1678 76.50 MAXIMUM 19.75 9 .40 1579 89.05 119 5.17 1773 99.82 30.70 MAXIMUM 19. 44.79 1426 80.71 482 21.25 .75 .12 . 49.11 3 .35 1774 80.25 12 .75 1 .65 1017 S7.05 SE(STD DEV) .04 2161 97. OF VARIATION .75 .75 96 5.25 2 .28 1770 99.41 341 75.03 1998 90.11 1762 99.31 1691 9532 33 1. 39.75 .75 .60 MINIMUM 11. 47. 29.71 665 37. 34.92 546 30.25 .15 104 4.81 441 24.99 2042 92.60 45.09 2 .25 0 . 3.51 20 1.32 30.25 105 5.80 37 1.53 38. 35.75 38 2.25 . 49.75 85 4.25 .91 47. 42.07 33.90 MINIMUM 11.21 6 .02 .04 13 . 34.27 2196 99.25 31 1.75 37 2.75 .03 .36 87 3. 3.75 .65 783 44.75 21 1.07 SE(MEAN) .15 SYMKETRY---VETA I . 46.25 23 1.00 1 .34 741 33.75 5 .00 49. 35.14 29.75 .11 33.91 48.25 87 4.75 .27 .03 3.80 MEAN VALUE 15.25 .25 . 47.17 1765 99. 43.25 85 4. 8.25 109 6.18 135 6.25 .25 .00 1 .64 46.75 . 38.34 43.01 67 3.00 2206 99.87 44.17 8 .18 34.06 4 .07 SE(MEAN) .39 882 39.12 35.75 0 .09 28.94 378 17. 33. 45.75 .25 0 .17 1760 99. 33. 43.49 156 7.49 42.42 38.14 144 6.75 22 1.26 291 13.42 41.10 STD DEVIATION 1.83 43.3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 7.00 2138 96.59 2190 99.38 90 4.49 1 . 30.00 2 .25 .68 112 5.63 40 1. 41.00 2206 99.25 3 .86 2083 94. 46.25 3 .59 lb .04 157 7.00 KURTOSIS---VETA II .38 29.25 43 2.86 140 6.93 72 3. 32.81 31.25 .65 49.90 338 19.18 7 .75 1 .49 48.32 4 .09 29.09 1616 91.79 251 14.25 116 6.25 34 1.25 .49 2116 95.33 103 4. 36.25 .75 155 .85 STD DEVIATION 1.39 11 .05 2201 99.09 39.CROTCH LENGTH. 29. 40. 44. 38. OF VARIATION .23 2206 99.36 26 1.00 0 . 39.89 1312 59.22 36.68 75 3. 32.75 .62 20 .50 18 .75 .48 42. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES r 1 ct Cumlr Cunwftt CEINTIMTE RS ip Fftt CUmp CUmpIct 2 .72 32.68 47.04 45 2.71 1136 64. 45.68 130 5.21 38.25 7 .46 46.95 37. 41.25 .45 41.25 .18 2200 99.07 1038 47.79 1749 98.23 1501 84.83 35.25 .75 116 6.00 40.64 MEAN VALUE 15.88 39.14 245 70.25 14 .42 166 9.77 5 . POSTERIOR (NATURAL INDENTATION) FEMALES MALES 38. 48.79 62 2.92 1650 93.91 48.18 1735 97. 37.08 1864 84. 37. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .25 118 6.24 54 3. 31.30 1714 96.25 3 .25 .69 32 1. 42.06 11 . 40.78 141 6.80 1543 69. .75 .06 1 .25 .59 96 4.54 899 50.23 KURTOSIS---VETA II .04 128 5.06 1 .06 4 . 36.75 .83 44.23 14 .75 .18 45.81 219 9.25 .02 28.75 .52 1182 53.09 2208 100.34 40. 30.6 67 3. 48.05 SE(STD DEV) .14 123 6.25 .91 60 2.13 15 .25 78 4.05 3 .75 8 .66 1415 64.62 22 1.75 119 6.92 34.01 41 1.56 36.75 103 5.00 COEF.22 2.01 37. 31.40 32.39 601 27.75 1 .45 1757 99.75 .75 85 4.75 .80 21 1.17 SYMMETRY---VETA I .25 .75 41 2. .75 .03 1931 87.06 1774 100.0% COEF.75 .25 2 .75 .05 44 1.18 31.72 2177 98.75 2 .75 75 4.75 119 6.25 .

96 11.66 35TH 30.42 36.55 70TH 32.33 11.11 32.69 .28 11.42 65TH 32.29 13.42 28.45 5TH 27.57 31.46 10.91 12.6.05 15TH 29.18 13.53 10.80 40TH 30.19 30.66 11.49 11.01 14.46 10.27 33.18 13.07 11. The tape passes between the buttocks to the back of the waist.55 30TH 30.62 26.21 3RD 26.14.26 36.46 J3.90 12.7t 95TH 35.06 29.71 9.50 13.18 98TH 36.2).54 10.97 10.92 45TH 31.04 50TH 31.84 27.70 75TH 33. The subject stands with the left foot on a platform so that the knee is flexed.44 30.27 14.59 12.83 13. 12.60 12.96 32.61 20.10 99TH 37.69 31.87 80TH 33.58 10.32 30.22 25.04 35.92 10.28 12.71 13.01 11.97 10.32 90TH 34.92 29.83 12.24 12.98 97TH 36.08 12.54 12.83 14.98 11.18 28.40 11.40 25TH 29.91 12.02 2ND 26.96 12.22 14.82 31.24 20TH 29.29 60Th 32.81 10TH 28.78 13.63 14.47 156 . POSTERIOR (OMPHALION) The surface distance from the crotch at the inner thigh landmark to the back of the waist at the level of the center of the navel (omphalion) is measured with a tape.46 25.73 1ST 25.3 12.55 11.(42) CROTCH LENGTH.26 12.68 12.66 14.57 12.17 55TH 31. THE PERCENTILES FEMALZS MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 24.29 11.92 12.77 29.06 85TH 34.

49 1 . CROTCH LENGTH.76 353 15.69 1747 98.16 1197 67.25 .80 1685 94.34.28 1765 99. POSTERIOR (OMPHALION) FEMALES MALES INCHES 2f INCHES 30.75 .25 .41.06 3 .25 .75 .50 36.15 23.25 .75 .36 87 3.84 1339 60.21.94 25.75 0 .45 24.00 2206 99.72 1 .23 9 .54 2197 99.27 219 12.22.02 1535 86.42 156 7.24.25 128 7.57 29.16 915 51.26 40.75 0 .96 36.93 649 36.31. 7.8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 3.94 0 .83 78 3.00 2207 99.87 SYMMETRY---VETA I .64 37.25.00 1 .11 10 .41 23.72 2185 98.40.29. 8.82 37.04 EURTOSIS---VETA II .06 1772 99.95 130 5.14 31.75 .75 1 .51 64 2.23.75 .25 5 .80 1787 80.33 KURTOSIS---VETA II .05 3 .05 1 .55 28.64 30.32.23.27. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES 7 flat Cumv Cumflt CENTIMETNRS 7 flmt CuwI Cumllot 1 .06 4 .05 4 .08 SYMMETRY---VITA I .75 1 .04 SE(STD DXV) .30.25 62 3.25 4 .30 MINIMUM 9.00 0 .53 270 12.17 1760 99.23 7 .75 .31.83 0 .32 128 5.89 1 .06 1773 99.76 117 6.43 1659 75.25 89 5.25 1 .72 1334 75.75 30 1.34 141 6.2% COEF.44 .05 2208 100.31 1446 81.94 28.75 .75 3 .04 SE(STD DEV) .41 68 3.06 1 .00 2 .25 .47 STD DEVIATION .48 161 9.71 31.93 32.75 127 7.32.62 23 1.18 13 .06 SE(MEAN) .25 1 .75 32 1.74 1070 60.97 154 6.47 398 22.25 44 2.90 2042 92.75 20 1.30 43 1.25 .25 10 .80 1717 96.41 32 1.07 1495 67.41.05 SE(MEAN) .89 26.59 23.75 58 3.91 38.86 38.97 .33.26.28.34.05 2207 99.98 18 . OF VARIATION .75 112 6.13 43 2.25 .84 788 44.75 .99 27.06 2 .57 498 22.30 MAXIMUM 15.11 1771 99.22 526 29.02 20.25 139 7.23 27.95 39.30.25 155 8.58 25.09 21.75 1 .25 137 7.39 639 28. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .97 793 35.23 35.14 2200 99.75 5 .68 2133 96.33.05 2206 99.70 MINIMUM 8.56 1757 99.24.29.25 .05 2 .68 37 1.75 .35.75 .75 .75 .58 33.25 .75 1 .99 2.05 20.81 30.05 20.02 .65 984 44. 3.49 1653 93.40.25 .18 2204 99.39 25 1.75 .62 M VALUE 12.25 .25 11 .75 .82 2151 97.53 1887 85.95 40.37.17 41.28.25 .45 2096 94.81 192 8.02 2.09 21.91 29.93 34.20.60 MEAN VALUE 12.00 2207 99.14 22.13 57 2.24 1166 52.79 16 .46 32.58 164 7.75 97 5.00 .70 26. .25 .75 .04 24.60 83 3.36.38.75 56 3. OF VARIATION .26.38.47 100 4.52 STD DEVIATION .18 22.82 2169 98.75 4 .21.60 34.25 .25 82 4.68 30 1.23 1769 99.00 41.04 3 .45 23 1.25 5 .25 .75 .20 91 4.75 123 6.75 .75 1 .25 1 .25 .39.05 2205 99.91 39.25 .75 157 . .27.44 191 8.25 32 1.22.12 1978 89.36.53 54 2.05 31.28 12 .75 127 7.37.08 145 6.25 1 .25 .62 301 16.58 173 7.21 4 .39.48 12 .25 .25 .25.25 1 .75 .25 2 .42 62 2.00 COEF.17 9 .25 .75 .16 1591 89.25 .30 MAXIMUM 16.95 40.65 182 8.75 .35.06 1774 100.75 49 2.42 35.18 I8 .25 25 1.48 33.75 .

(43) EAR BREADTH The maximum breadth of the right ear perpendicular to its long ais is measured with a sliding caliper.30 1.49 1.90 1.94 1. 80TH 3.4C.27 3.57 1.17 2ND 3.56 97TH 4.43 1.41 1.54 1.31 30TH 3.96 1.69 1.49 3.33 1.72 4.66 3.47 1.19 3RD 3.61 1.58 98TH 4.30 1.47 85TH 4.80 1.47 1. THE PERCENZTILES FEMALES MALES CH ICKES CM INCURS 2.76 1.04 1.26 1.50 90T11 4.22 1.22 1.35 45TH 3.38 3.41 65TH 3.30 25TH 3.44 1.46 3.69 4.37 50TH 3.38 55TH 3.59 3.11 1.81 1.21 5TU 3.36 1.48 3.41 3.50 1.34 40TH 3.15 1.37 1.54 95T11 4.26 15TH 3.42 70TH 3.43 3.54 3.83 1.73 1.55 3.90 1.98 1.62 3.52 3.15 18T 3.47 3.07 1.35 3.31 3.24 2.40 3.76 158 .21 1.65 1.70 1.44 3.86 1.66 1.59 1.28 20TH 3.54 1.39 60TH 3.07 1.33 35TH 3.01 1.74 1.60 99TH 4.44 75TH 3.34 1.51 3.98 1.63 1.57 3.27 1.02 1.24 10TH 3.29 3.15 1.93 1.

65 .41 1672 75.88 859 48. 4.06 15 .94 4. 4.95 0 .06 1706 96. OF VARIATION .87 1360 76.94 5.35 .49 4.61 COEF.05 170 9.45 17 .85 . 2.15 1 .11 3. 2.91 2 .75 1737 97.27 STD DEVIATION . EAR BREADTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES Cm INCHES 3. 3. 3.23 2204 99.06 8 .91 4.05 .09 2206 99.85 255 14.42 137 6.11 5 .10 MAXIMUM 2.06 2.48 358 16.15 10 .05 2. 3.86 49 2.37 3. 4.55 11 .86 1634 92.66 38 1.20 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.32 3.29 296 13.34 112 5.75 264 14.00 1 . 4.17 2 .06 3.80 109 4.36 9 .00 .95 246 13. 3.00 4.90 205 9.07 186 10.55 174 9.11 .09 1018 46.45 .2% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .65 .55 .00 159 .11 66 2.20 2034 92.25 STD DEVIATION .28 407 18. 3.37 1114 62.00 1773 99.75 .28 1770 99. 4.85 1 .07 202 9.25 595 33.75 .58 1530 86.56 16 .06 1 .65 235 13.15 3.65 96 5.85 .77 MEAN VALUE 1.89 4.06 2 .35 .54 225 10.48 MEAN VALUE 1. 7.85 0 .48 .25 72 4.08 2.59 707 32.25 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 4.91 3.94 2143 97.00 SE(STD DEV) .81 360 20.70 MINIMUM 1.09 2208 100.91 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 3.06 1774 100.45 90 5.73 5. 3.00 1773 99.62 1765 99.78 3.82 4.95 1 .95 .59 4.35 31 1.00 .70 MINIMUM 1.11 1772 99. 4. 3.55 .41 2.21 1376 62.05 4 . 2.82 2199 99.77 4.87 4.68 24 1.85 .00 .00 SE(MEAN) .45 .06 4.43 3.75 1 .40 MAXIMUM 1.02 3.35 47 2.05 .2% COEF.14 SYMMETRY---VETA I .01 SYMMETRY---VETA I .15 .06 1773 99.65 .96 1754 98.00 SE(STD DlV) .94 4.)9 90 4.00 SE(MEAN) .05 1 .12 3.25 16 . .15 104 5.00 2.25 33 1.72 3. 5.95 .75 2 . 3. 7.75 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES V FL:t Cump Cumlrit CMTINETRRB r FPct CuID? CuWrtt 1 .10 .09 2.05 0 . 5. 4.23 6 . 4. .95 .72 2181 98. 3.15 .25 . 4.05 .19 1897 85.65 5 . OF VARIATION .41 311 14.76 300 13.

43 70TH 6.50 2.02 2.50 .71 99TH 7.5 25TH 6.84 6. ---.68 5.59 2..6 2.2 A '~62 2.03 2.41 _L-- . .21 2.2 24 MALEST -.76 2.45 75TH 6..94 2.64 97TH 7.60 2.14 .40 2.55 2.918 2. FEMALE .34 2.01 1ST 5.60 95TH 7.23 20TH 6.48 80TH 6.82 2.36 98TH 7.5.98 I 60 . .(44) EAR LENGTH The length of the right ear from its highest to lowest points on a line parallel to the long axis of the ear is measured with a sliding caliper. )5.372 2.08 3RD'i 5.:: -.14 . 5.38 "-5.11 2.59 2.57 2.17 2.5.07 2.65 6.39 60TH 6.54 90TH 7. .74 2.77 6.20 15Th 6.69 2.23 4i.34 5.66 2.68 2. ".20 "" '" 5.46 2. 5.67 2.04 2.87 2.92 6.63 5.23 2.43 2.05 3RD 5.27 2.30 55TH 6.16 10TH 5.41 65TH 60.72 6. 5...12 2.9 6.21 2.11 2.44 2.

42 5.75 .66 1617 91. OF VARIATION . 5.72 5.95 7.55 2 .55 207 9.75 .96 832 37. 7.39 67 3.15 1 .85 1 .23 2207 99.55 .25 174 9.95 51 2.51 1764 99.14 7.14 4.05 1 .00 SE(MEAN) . 4.37 112 6.52 1694 95.11 51 2.25 .50 15 .75 .75 .65 165 9.15 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .01 7.05 76 4.25 .27 5.85 42 2.65 .86 6.3% COEF. 6. 7. 6.18 51 2.10 MINIMUM 2.85 .29 5.85 . 6.25 27 1.15 144 8. OF VARIATION = 6.56 5.14 4.53 2064 93.40 62 2.06 1 .95 220 9.00 SE(STD DEV) .95 85 4.70 34 1.06 21 .43 1986 89.14 1271 57.48 6.00 1773 99.05 15 .23 COEF. 5.01 1741 98.00 3 .94 7.23 1768 99.55 14 .45 .32 6.55 . 5.93 7.45 148 8. 6.35 6.56 17 .43 120 5.00 .79 1552 87.65 5.54 2160 97.12 400 22.43 STD DEVIATION .05 4.85 .83 180 10. 7.00 .31 5.93 1467 82.55 . 5.65 .05 65 3.45 .06 1774 100.85 123 6.35 5 . 5.00 3 .62 1036 58. 5. 5.65 .15 .25 .05 .00 SE(STD DEV) . 6.15 246 11.18 4. 7. 7.19 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.81 574 32.42 612 27. 4.06 2 .73 6.95 68 3.85 5 .34 883 49.50 MINIMUM 1.47 MEAN VALUE 2.08 735 41.07 70 3.62 271 12.41 2202 99.15 5 .73 30 1.06 1344 75. 6.35 .00 4.49 9 .65 0 .77 5.85 .82 1667 93.36 169 7. 6.43 219 9.41 2193 99.55 153 8.05 1 .95 6.09 3 .74 1025 46.08 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 6.97 1 .75 19 1.05 .49 7. 6. 5.65 9 .45 . 7.28 256 14.69 155 7.68 30 1. 4.35 29 1.00 .51 6.14 4.02 SYMMETRY---VETA I . 4.92 1490 67.68 5.45 18 1.69 9 .15 .00 161 . 5.95 0 .83 8. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES IPot F CuMF CuMFPct CENTIMETERS r FPct Cutup CumFPct 1 .65 21 1.95 11 .36 5.95 .09 2184 98.83 6.30 1201 67.05 4 .15 50 2.75 143 8.95 .7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 6.44 7.98 MEAN VALUE 2.35 .55 .62 5. 8. 7.15 .35 161 9. 7.17 .95 . 7.31 102 4.20 MAXIMUM 2.66 7.55 .25 1 .38 STD DEVIATION . 5.00 SE(MEAN) .76 24 1.02 426 19.55 13 .45 .03 169 7.38 1697 76.28 7 .15 .95 .94 7.75 4 .13 7.81 2126 96. .31 193 8.48 6.65 .05 2208 100.75 0 .96 102 4.77 78 3. 7.68 4. 6.05 .29 6.35 .65 1866 84.45 10 .63 1723 97.87 186 8.79 1755 98.28 1773 99.00 MAXIMUM 3.00 7. EAR LENGTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 5.91 6. 4.

93 1.16 1.96 3 RD 2.09 4-2.91 1ST 2.24 1.87 1.96 1.03 1.65 1.07 1.04 15TH 2.12 45TH 3.42 3.26 1.21 80TH 3.9' 2.85 1.32 98TH 3.98 5TH 2.06 1.38 .36 1.99 1.31 .73 1.32 3.18 2.19 75TH 3.17 1.58 1.28 1.44 3.39 1.35 1.07 25TH 3.03 1.90 1.06 4 2.23 2.70 1.60 1.31 1.32 1.25 90TH 3.82 1. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CH INCHES 2.15 60TH 3.35 99TH 3.21 2.02 10TH 2. 2.10 35TH 3. .94 1.09 30TH 3.26 2.35 3.64 1.22 2.25 1.27 2.19 2.22 85TH 3.43 .79 1.49 .77 1.87 1.(45) EAR LENGTH ABOVE TRAGION The distance from the right tragion landmark to the top of the right ear on a line parallel to the long axis of the ear is measured with a sliding caliper.57 1.04 2.33 3.68 1.28 '.14 55TH 3.13 2.18 70TH 3.44 1.13 50TH 3.72 1.19 1.11 40TH 3.06 20TH 2.67 1.50 1.01 2.44 1.28 95TH 3.11 1.30 3.31 97TH 3.17 65TH 3.82 1.76 1.47 3.22 1.29 2.10 1.50 162 .99 1.38 3.13 1.94 2ND 2.16 2.

3.14 2206 99.56 12 .09 2.35 39 1.15 .00 SE(STD DEV) . 2.45 2 .38 22 1.11 2 .71 1012 45.72 489 27.00 .85 84 4.05 3.15 .00 SE(MEAN) . 4.05 2 .25 .95 6 . 2.94 1386 62.00 SE(STD DEV) .25 296 16.00 MINIMUM .12 2. EAR LENGTH ABOVE TRAGION FEMALES MALES INCHES CM INCHES 2.72 3.00 SE(MEAN) . 4.67 2.56 3 .75 72 3. 3.05 1 .50 764 43.09 72 4.82 31 1.25 1 .68 171 7.35 295 16.15 2 .46 COEF.90 1737 78.32 14 .63 2201 99.85 19 1.1% COEF.27 1713 96.55 10 . 2. 3. 2.55 .74 344 15.35 .00 163 .15 . OF VARIATION = 7.75 31 1.15 11 .40 2.05 208 11.07 1763 99.05 1 .07 135 6.83 4. 3. 3. 3.98 1655 93.20 MAXIMUM 1.29 2 .84 351 15.85 .65 .15 275 15.39 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.77 70 3.09 2208 100.05 .00 .79 374 16.34 1769 99. 3.65 58 3.94 3.55 106 5. .55 .77 2.75 .74 156 8.56 221 10.25 STD DEVIATION .05 281 15. OF VARIATION = 8.06 1774 100.13 3.79 3.00 .85 -.75 37 2.25 .66 173 7.58 2.65 23 1.11 1773 99.65 .75 1744 98.19 MEAN VALUE 1.23 STD DEVIATION .05 3. 2.04 SYMMETRY---VETA I .79 2.77 3.00 2187 99.? CumFPct 1 .94 4.63 1355 76.68 3. 3.91 3.05 .94 1549 87.01 1958 88.65 SYMMETRY---VETA I .83 2.05 1. 3.05 2 .11 2093 94. 2.95 .25 .59 2.09 2203 99.87 MEAN VALUE 1.45 2.69 1060 59.11 1771 99.97 299 13.50 13 .11 103 4.68 3.40 MINIMUM .26 2165 98.10 . 2.31 2 .75 .54 643 29.05 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 2.45 194 10.80 MAXIMUM 1.05 .95 .50 4.8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES p FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CuM.45 .17 2.95 125 7.35 .30 35 1.38 3. 2. 3.06 369 16.25 18 . 4.95 .84 2.00 2.00 3.09 .

66 .61 1ST 1.01 .83 1.94 75TH 2.74 .33 . THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 1.66 .02 2.72 1.93 2.65 1.11 97TH 3.40 .12 .59 1.13 2.44 .21 1.23 J 2.79 .87 .(46) EAR PROTRUSION The horizontal distance between the mastoid process (the bony area behind the bottom of the ear) and the outside edge of the right ear at its most lateral point is measured using a sliding caliper with its slide reversed.12 .88 1.49 .86 .36 .76 20TH 2.95 /2.22 .79 1.69 1.16 .77 25TH 2.96 .81 1.66 1.10 2.33 1.66 3RD 1.68 5TH 1.78 1.99 85TH 2.82 40TH 2.85 50TH 2.88 2.51 .08 .97 1.90 65TH 2.71 1.98 .81 35TH 2.96 B0TH 2.87 55TH 2.92 70TH 2.26 2.89 2.04 2.81 .52 1.96 2.87 1.71 1.03 1.13 98TH 3.07 95TH 3.20 .07 2.88 60TH 2.92 .31 164 .54 1.17 .64 2ND 1.02 90TH 2.72 .73 1.27 .38 .00 2.28 .62 .98 2.56 .84 45TH 2.24 .17 99TH 3.45 .19 2.81 1.32 .79 30TH 2.74 15TH 2.9i 2.71 10TH 1.05 .86 2.13 1.06 .

00 MAXIMUM 1.00 1 . 3.30 STD DEVIATION .54 1.85 . 1.55 . 1.05 .15 22 1.35 1 .60 2.96 1745 98.00 .25 .25 COEF.95 .41 1329 74.34 218 9.45 .06 1 .95 0 . 4.92 67 3.85 .50 2. 3.68 2199 99.35 .87 517 23. 3.02 2.86 3.77 3.12 .85 1 .61 793 44. 1.65 .77 3.05 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.31 KURTOSIS---VETA II .15 139 7.70 214 9.81 2155 97.86 1565 88.30 133 6.55 .75 16 .05 1 .95 .06 1774 100. 3.94 3.75 .86 2.49 3.79 2. 2.04 2.35 13 .73 1046 47.82 3.51 3.95 .35 206 11. .03 2115 95.54 53 2. 2.86 1. EAR PROTRUSION FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 2. 2.45 188 10.39 1765 99.55 1.25 1i 10.42 MEAN VALUE .84 396 22.17 5 .55 181 10.41 1.45 7 .06 3 .13.91 2.17 34 1.55 5 . 2.89 3.58 132 5.69 1811 82. 2 95 83 4.85 .30 MINIMUM .14 1.22 29 1.57 SYMMETRY---VETA I .46 270 12.77 587 33.75 2 .03 257 14.35 .71 2048 92.65 .40 1.30 MAXIMUM 1.95 .32 312 14.68 1648 92.49 259 11. 1.23 2204 99.02 1944 88. OF VARIATION = 14. 3. 3.13 1358 61.65 14 .90 15 .31 2184 98.75 2.98 1.28 1770 99.75 .82 1597 72.79 17 . 3.14 .27 1706 96.23 787 35.73 1758 99.14 3 .05 107 6.95 73 4.45 0 .37 FZMMETRY---VETA I .85 44 2.00 1773 99.00 SE(STD DEV) .00 SE(MEAN) . 3. 1.55 2 . 3.00 SE(STD DEV) .94 3.24 1728 97.00 3.72 19 .40 MINIMUM .00 . 2.11 150 8.64 1.00 SE(MEAN) .05 .36 STD DEVIATION .96 79 3.00 1.90 33 1.56 299 13. 2.65 .05 2205 99.25 .7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TP.10 3.65 0 .37 3 . 3.50 104 4.09 239 10.20 1162 65.00 .44 1461 82.55 .11 1772 99.9% COEF. .75 132 7.85 104 5. 2. 1.15 .05 58 3.65 167 9. 2.25 17 .11 3 .37 2.75 .06 16 .48 77 4.18 MEAN VALUE .36 40 1.00 1770 99. OF VARIATION .00 165 .30 4.14 2208 100.59 2.06 1773 99.86 167 7.45 . 3.33 2.15 .35 .45 .60 981 55.BLE FEMALES MALES F FPct Ctiu CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CuMF Cum1Pct 1. 2.25 .41 1 . 1.

6 10.20 ? 4.46 9.12 I I / 24.63 70TH 28.91 9.17 10.08 27. 22.46 10.96 22.16 .29 45TH 27. The subject stands with the arm straight and slightly away from the side.35 50TH 27.43 10.28 9.88 23.83 21.71 9.09 26.96 9.72 12.47 8.24 11.25 1ST 24.73 10TH 25.09 9.49 60TH 28.27 23.67 9.Z7 2ND 24.81 23.44 9.30 22.19 9.71 8.85 15TH 2.45 3RD 24.84 10.60 9. .59 98TH 31.96 \ 24.80 99TH 31.53 25.50 23.91 9.42 55TH 27.56 21.81 10.40 10.02 25TH 26.30 9.09 30TH 26.92 9.96 8.94 26. i4/ THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CH INCHES 20.74 23.03 11.32 1i.76 9.46 11.47 8.23 35TH 40TH 27.97 11.94 20TH 26.27 9.92 85TH 29..'.04 I " 24.71 75TH 28.40 22.55 65TH 28.21 27.56 5TH 25.(47) ELBOW CIRCUMFERENCE The circumference of the right elbow in a plane perpendicular to the long axis of the arm is measured with a tape passing around the elbow at the level of the olecranon-center landmark.43 10.10 9..01 12.66 10.16 9.75 8.30 .81 80TH 28.65 10.41 25.39 1b .66 10.18 8. 24.27 10.27 8.57 10.73 21..70 11.58 10.69 26.29 11.30 95TH 30.07 90TH 29.46 12.70 11.88 10.58 L 1 23.46 97TH 30.

OF VARIATION = 5.63 2182 98.03 SE(STD DEV) .11 277 12.50 33.85 1100 49.25 .25 . 26.91 .76 31.57 705 39. 29.25 .10 MINIMUM 7. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES p FPct CumF CumFP1t CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CumFPct 3 .09 29.17 36 1.25 .75 10 .25 79 3.75 .75 .88 284 16.99 23.75 1 .09 1702 77. 20. 5.06 1774 100.25 226 12.20 MAXIMUM 11.25 4 .34 STD DEVIATION .90 30.75 2 .25 11 .36 SYMMETRY---VETA I .75 198 11.75 .34 1768 99.31 213 9.59 4 .60 .43 22. 33. 28.75 17" 10.77 27.13 78 3. 32.53 STD DEVIATION .25 6 .82 23.06 1 .14 19. 22.56 25.75 232 13. 28. 30.32 21. 31.06 1773 9994 33.71 MEAN VALUE 10.06 2 .17 5 .06 201 9.75 .77 32.75 .14 3 .82 28.75 114 6.75 .02 SE(STD DFV) .58 41 2.73 24.90 MINIMUM 8. 33.75 .25 1 .75 .25 .75 1 .39 21.25 .08 937 52.25 62 3.58 119 5.82 7 .82 26.97 22.25 122 6.25 30 1. 20. 32. 23.18 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.56 1 .00 167 .50 14 .63 2146 97.75 .03 25.75 .25 .63 2196 99.75 41 2.25 .30 2032 92.25 161 9.53 2110 95. 25.89 33.81 20.05 2201 99.67 29.75 131 5. 21.25 .93 250 11.65 1915 86.03 1341 75.19 26.10 451 20.51 335 15.00 28.75 4 .83 MEAN VALUE 9.37 COEF. 29.25 .18 2208 100.00 . 24.11 1772 99.74 1163 65.49 1678 94.53 1.04 SE(MEAN) .55 728 32. 21.25 223 12.59 30.08 1502 84.11 1770 99.91 21. 34.00 117 5. ELBOW CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 23. 22.25 .86 1752 98. 27. 26.90 MAXIMUM 13.01 36 1.75 .32 31.25 3 .16 482 27.25 1 . 25.69 71 4.41 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.62 29.75 .31 1719 96.63 20.17 1435 64.35 SYMMETRY---VETA I .38 27.5% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 31.75 .25 .18 40 1.32 2203 99.66 32.73 267 12.00 20.43 1616 91.28 372 16. 24.25 33 1. OF VARIATION .75 26 1.13 162 9.75 .25 2 .25 .75 91 5. 27.75 .25 .23 9 .75 28 1.03 SE(MEAN) .56 1762 99.00 .23 13 .46 27. 30. 23.6% COEF.00 1.08 24.74 14 .

77 7.83 8.49 10.84 9.78 7.97 25TH 21.19 25.03 90TH 26.41 7. The shoulders and upper arms are relaxed and the forearms and hands are extended forward horizontally with the palms facing each other. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES -.24 7..24 8.33 9.16 11. "16.48 10.77 8.57 6.96 11.24 7.65 97TH 27.41 95TH 27.13 22.58 80TH 25.12 99TI 29.49 6.19 9.01 27. 15..52 10.17 7.80 6.78 85TH 25.60 .49 9.23 9.43 26.74 8. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.65 19.25 70TH 24.69 C.47 8.00 24. 16.83 55TH 23.-20.96 60TH 23.92 5TH 18.44 10.42 8.69 50TH 23.53 9.54 23.40 10.49 2ND 17.(48) ELBOW REST HEIGHT The vertical distance between a sitting surface and the olecranon landmark on the bottom of the flexed right elbow is measured with an anthropometer.13 30TH 21.24 11.57 15TH 20.67 3RD 17. 20.56 7.70 21.25 18.48 168 .44 7.85 21.31 10TH 19.00 17.68 23.83 98TH 28.78 27.78 20TH 20.35 6.89 9.41 75TH 24.41 11.42 40TH 22.10 65TH 24.75 6.40 23.94 6.36 .65 8.88 9.27 22.59 9.39 8.b4 _-21.19 28.83 24. The subject sits erect looking straight ahead.09 8.37 10.12 9.06 10.99 22.98 9.22 1ST 16.56 45TH 22.08 8.94 19.28 STH 22.83 .74 8.03 8.17 .88 10.

68 23.31 113 6.25 125 7.63 35 1.95 56 2.38 25.67 2026 91.06 7 . 20.06 SE(MEAN) .13 146 6.02 12.89 30.77 30. -. 28.25 .63 2084 94.13 21.02 .98 98 4.75 .C6 1"70 99.2.75 2 .72 2122 96.11 26.06 MEAN VALUE 9.85 1745 98.54 14.51 1 69 99.25 14 .25 .25 2 . 14.12.75 .00 33 1.75 .71 23. 2.97 1151 52.25 8 .13 173! 47.25 . 24.27 2185 98. 18. 15. 23.75 41 2.89 31.32 9 .25 .25 .25 1760 79. 31.69 646 36.75 .82 58 2.25 51 2.65 17.06 3 .25 1 .75 70 3.67 38 1.69 27.8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CUMF CumyFtt CENTIMETERS 7 FPct CuMn CumlPct 1 .11 1172 99.75 3 . 28.25 118 6.00 MINIMUM 5.25 . 26.75 .11 3 .91 118 5. 16. 26.75 . 29.17 9 .71 1026 57.46 23. 19.25 90 5.06 SE(MEAN) .75 .84 138 6.81 122 5.58 545 30.19 1487 83.2 3 .65 24.41 147 6.52 997 45.79 21 .75 99 5.75 15 . 17. 12. 24.34 563 25. 18.07 153 5.95 229 12.68 STD DEVIATION 1.06 1 .65 1395 78.75 .05 1 . 25.67 782 44.33 1632 92.12 9 .25 .13 169 7.06 2 .97 24 1. 27.97 1683 94.00 2 .24 SYMMETRY---VETA I .41 21 . 27. 29.70 20.10 MAXIMUM 12.25 23 1.64 81 3.07 446 25.76 47 2. 22.2b . 19.90 137 6.75 .79 32 1. 16. ELBOW REST HEIGHT FEMALES MALES INCHES CM INCHES 22.63 20.75 .49 2155 97.41 14.72 STD DEVIATION 1.25 1 .34 14 .37 83 3. 21.75 .1% COEF.25 14 .96 18.75 .00 29.17 6 .20 MAXIMUM 11.54 16.53 17.75 92 5.08 .77 28.25 46 2.27 1277 71.25 .96 27.14 144 6.06 73 3.17 356 20.88 1148 64.13. 30.58 9 .75 17 .25 122 6.79 17A 99.50 19.11 2774 100.09 13. 21.05 12.01 26 1.14 12 .25 1 .75 74 4.58 1711 96..71 16.08 178 8.37 28.75 1 .04 SE(STD DEV) . 30.25 .75 0 .59 159 8.93 853 38.25 .72 18.96 49 2.75 9 .75 .25 .18 82 3.00 169 .75 119 6.59 15.75 .60 26.41 2203 99.04 SYMMETRY ---VETA I = -.45 14 .79 22. 22.25 .09 24.05 12.75 28 1.61 1622 73.06 1476 66.23 18 1.75 59 3.15 19.85 1573 88.91 29.75 4 . 15.75 .14.09 2179 98.14 2206 99.20 700 31.25 20 .75 . 25.05 MEAN VALUE 8.25 .41 2194 99.09 13.99 282 15.88 KURTOSIS---VETA II .25 .15 21.05 SE(STD DEV) .25 .05 2.25 86 4.96 120 5.85 22.15 KURTOSIS---VETA II .25 101 5.40 MINIMUM 4. 17. 23. OF VARIATION .80 40 1.75 .88 14. OF VARIATION .05 907 51.76 25.25 53 2.13.25 .25 .09 2208 300.25 1 .02 .76 325 14.11.45 6 .05 2 .66 1298 58. 20.75 129 7.75 136 7.72 2 .94 1847 83.75 .30 72 4.82 COEF.43 445 20.31 242 10.25 .03 2.72 154 6.95 15.07 .00 1 .75 0 .75 .44 1945 88.51 30.71 97 3.

23 55TH 79.04 71.11 76.47 72.67 3RD 72.39 67.61 29.19 74. The subject sits erect with the head in the Frankfort plane.88 30.18 28.55 35TH 77.46 85TH 82. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration. The thighs are parallel and the knees are flexed 90 degrees with the feet in line with the thighs.84 73.68 29.21 30.46 2ND 72.59 32.77 70TH 81. SITTING The vertical distance between a sitting surface and the ectocanthus landmark on the outer comer of the right eye is measured with an anthropometer.11 28.88 30.79 98TH 86.79 90TH 83.43 31.80 33.31 77.55 32.27 95TH 84.77 71.43 70.76 29.36 74.89 45TH 78.02 67.23 170 .25 29.62 68.13 29.58 65TH 80.04 31.13 32.52 28. The shoulders and upper arms are relaxed and the forearms and hands are extended forward horizontally with the palms facing each other.92 79.54 75.97 75TH 81.23 31.38 27.72 75.12 99TH 86.57 97TH 85.40 30.66 72.96 28.68 80.56 31.01 27.90 91.20 80TH 82.02 73.72 40TH 78.78 32.71 15TH 75.79 31.39 28.06 28.39 80.59 78.96 20TH 76.90 76.21 26.93 34.40 26.50 28.75 31.10 33.61 32.60 27.10 3i.20 31.94 69.27 72.46 26.37 30TH 77.29 30.13 29.61 29.14 1ST 71.(49) EYE HEIGHT.37 30.70 28.71 30.74 26.56 28.40 60TH 80.56 33.34 30.06 50TH 79.66 31. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES ".82 29.17 25TH 76.40 10TH 74. CM INCHES CH INCHES 66.95 5TH 73.

82 21 .75 78 4.75 .28 63 2.25 2 . 80.01 83 3.06 SE(STD DEV) .25 976 44. 69.25 77 4.25 2 .64 82.06 22 1.83 89.P7 86.36 2177 98.75 793 44.39 88 3.34 1767 99.94 90.54 2047 92. 76.05 1 .78 74.75 50 2.95 2169 98.25 .25 1570 71.75 21 1. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct Cump CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CumtFpct 1 .75 . 64.25 .09 73.60 80.17 48 2.35 . OF VARIATION = 4.62 1672 75.25 13 .75 2 . 73.91 84.00 2206 99.21 1342 60.75 14 .75 0 .69 61 2.68 38 :.75 65 3.3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .63 1710 96. OF VARIATION = 4.39 1761 99.69 1180 66.98 899 50.40 MAXIMUM 34.72 2085 94.58 0 .75 4 . 65.41 119 6.63 1681 94. 87.25 .06 1774 100.04 71. 71.77 65.25 71 4.30 94 5.23 80.85 74. 70.75 14 .18 1731 97.56 71.32 STD DEVIATION 1. 2.75 .02 64.25 .00 2207 99. 83.44 479 21.19 1375 77.43 78. 86.75 . 83.89 1106 50.25 2 .67 182 8.25 2 . 74.59 65.95 1565 88.75 .27 69.50 86.41 81. 68.75 .95 85.06 1770 99.05 SE(STD DEV) .26 691 38.25 25 1.86 83.75 97 5.11 30 1.00 2203 99.25 . 64.06 3 .83 89.08 79.25 1 .87 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.10 SYMMETRY---VETA I = -. 73.48 76.00 MINIMUM 25.39 1 .25 .17 66.75 23 1.25 .00 86.25 1 .45 287 99.77 83.75 49 2.75 . 79.04 2 .75 92 5.75 8 .25 .57 73.05 81.00 93 4.18 17 . 81.25 .75 .71 115 5.25 .34 502 28.62 29 1.75 .51 8 .75 .25 .25 106 5.00 1446 81.75 .25 .24 68.71 78.41 77.15 79.01 118 5.25 .31 3.25 .17 230 10.40 580 32.99 355 20. 89.68 41 2.42 STD DEVIATION 1. 80.75 .31 119 5.75 .25 29 1.36 2195 99. 88. 90.25 37 2. 66.11 1773 99.21 67.25 . 75.75 .22 67.5% COEF.03 .90 71 4.79 1754 98.75 0 .00 130 5. 66.25 6 .25 7 . 78. 75.55 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .75 .00 171 .04 KURTOSIS---VETA II .00 1771 99.04 71 3.76 1755 79.51 5 . 70. 74.05 2208 100.36 66. 90. 89.25 .99 381 17. 86.72 2123 96.25 111 6.11 5 .20 MEAN VALUE 31.02 102 4.26 70.11 7 .11 1769 99.25 .17 77.85 98 4.72 75.11 75.27 3 .91 84.02 90.25 67 3.95 85.75 .07 SE(MEAN) .46 116 5.75 101 5.13 2148 97.32 10 .25 16 .75 29 1.95 72.05 63.75 .75 .59 30 1.25 . 85.52 8 .75 . 79. 78. 68.25 . 71.75 70 3.66 302 17. 77. EYE HEIGHT.75 .23 2200 99. 76.08 SE(MEAN) .85 293 13.06 1 . 84. 67.76 0 .78 237 13.27 87.75 .25 103 5.75 .20 72.27 13 .25 .68 1079 60.22 0 .00 2 .76 1991 90. 85.70 38 1.25 .75 1 .06 1771 99.75 1 .25 53 2.75 .25 .25 .58 112 5. 81.77 88.25 .30 MAXIMUM 35.79 55 3.09 3 .05 2206 99.14 64.75 .28 79.30 121 5.69 70.75 1 .25 9 .25 83 4.17 18 1.18 7 .02 .20 67.25 23 1.09 2205 99.07 1454 65.42 69. 82.30 84 3.47 996 56.36 123 5.95 425 23.25 70 3. 82.45 15 .03 3.18 .10 138 6.92 COEF.61 87.75 4 .14 25 1.96 91 4. 88.75 18 .57 68.12 1846 83.81 1283 72.14 2203 99.75 6 .51 1740 98.06 2 .80 1930 87.25 . 77.53 719 32.87 170 9.05 2207 99.82 1615 91.34 597 27.25 3 .75 11 . 72.39 838 37. 84.75 51 2.25 .08 1 .72 88. 67.75 .63 122 5.77 82.95 56 2.61 76.75 .11 59 2.75 102 5.87 MEAN VALUE 29. 72.25 12 .30 MINIMUM 26.25 1 .48 1227 55. 69. SITTING FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 73.82 48 2.32 64. 65.76 1495 84.25 .75 .12 1 .09 1657 93. 87.

51 N 7.17 9.87 3.92 3.11 3.13 9.50 45TH 9.40 4.21 4.79 8.46 3.28 10TH 9.78 3.02 3.41 3.49 172 .21 3.74 4.02 99TH 11.02 3.85 95TH 10.05 3.41 10. 8.77 90TH 10.46 3.37 10.58 60TH 10. The heel of the right foot lightly touches the back of the box.59 3.18 4.29 3.60 4.25 4.03 9.98 9.96 9.90 8.70 8.60 65TH 10.31 9. The subject stands with each foot in a footbox and the weight distributed equally on both feet.71 3.55 3.(50) FOOT BREADTH.55 55TH 10.91 3.93 8.62 3.84 3.16 3.63 3.78 3.10 1ST 8.90 3.66 75TH 10.34 3.49 4.33 15TH 9.14 2ND 9.98 3.21 5TH 9. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CK INCHES CH INCHES 7.75 8.53 3.15 3.06 3. A block is placed against the landmark at the first metatarsophalangeal protrusion to establish the measurement on the scale.10 4.59 8.90 97TH 11.17 3RD 9.11 3.40 25TH 9.73 85TH 10.71 3.53 50TH 10.94 98TH 11.01 9.46 35TH 9. and the side of the foot at the fifth- metatarsophalangeal-protrusion landmark lightly touches the side of the box.90 3.03 3.96 3.63 8.85 3.63 70TH 10.32 4.82 8.37 20TH 9.08 3. HORIZONTAL The maximum breadth of the right foot is measured on a footbox scale.23 9.09 9.56 8.23 3.85 .20 4.78 3. Th( medial side of the foot is parallel to the long axis of the box.88 8.95 4.37 3.98 3.69 80TH 10.06 9.40 4.43 30TH 9.48 40TH 9.

35 0 .20 MAXIMUM 4.18 7.95 .06 156 7.35 40 2.58 2137 96.85 38 2.09 3 .86 38 1. 10.74 905 4^.06 1767 99.66 1972 89.45 .32 7.94 23 1.85 .00 2207 99.95 .05 155 8. 3. 9. 12.15 0 .45 1 .17 1758 99.65 5 .65 .95 10.00 10.65 88 4. 5. 12. 11.37 1484 83.05 2208 100.85 . 11. 8.39 14 .27 166 7.85 5 . 7.18 2187 99.93 11.45 1766 99.45 .45 . 11.05 .31 9.17 8.18 2204 99.05 7.00 7.13 2080 94.85 19 .75 .95 10.23 12 .20 9.2% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .16 1847 83.73 11.75 119 6.04 8.75 .65 2 .05 1 .52 1594 72.45 .00 SE(NEAN) .87 8.30 314 14.35 2 .13 SYMMETRY---VETA I .85 42 2.04 2174 98.53 STD DEVIATION .00 1 . 10.18 92 4.61 8. 11.65 9. OF VARIATION .85 .20 734 33.11 1770 99. 11.75 1 .55 1 . 9.25 .94 12.51 1289 58.68 9 .71 495 27.15 20 1.77 2011 91.38 8.23 2200 99.00 173 .55 82 4.86 7.25 138 7.67 9.05 2207 99.45 3 .15 . 11.55 . 9.75 7 .55 .68 174 7.23 39 1.55 11.49 9.95 11 .15 . 10.55 .05 39 2. 9.95 2 . 9.61 11.05 1 .25 . 8.14 7.76 575 26.11 105 4. 7.18 KURTOSIS---VETA II .15 15 .24 1371 77.07 470 21.15 .95 . HORIZONTAL FEMALES MALES INCHES CM INCHES 8.54 7.35 .90 MAXIMUM 4. 9.89 4 .25 147 8.25 1 .00 MINIMUM 3.05 .85 .90 57 2.31 219 9.17 7 .39 171 7.79 1165 65.28 12 .65 1 .65 2 .19 9.62 1566 88.33 125 5.97 MEAN VALUE 3.55 113 6.65 .29 8.19 .09 2206 99. 9. 7.06 54 2.00 1 .29 114 5. 10.22 1027 57.36 0 .35 .41 10.27 66 2.00 . 9.35 113 6. 8. 8.92 8.94 12.00 SE(STD DEV) . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 9.28 1 .85 115 6.05 4 .53 10.48 610 34. 8.04 5 .23 159 7.85 .15 10.66 11.46 9. 10.25 10 .87 10.06 95 4. 10.95 134 7.56 1741 98.14 11.35 14 .15 .37 1278 72.03 139 6.37 1645 92.45 54 3.80 1677 94.75 . 7.73 1 .55 744 41.00 1 . 12.00 .10 11.87 8.35 .05 15 .75 .32 19 .91 10.06 1 . 9. 7.65 .95 .89 11. 7.96 376 21.65 .75 3 .85 1731 97.45 93 5.00 SE(STD DRV) . 11.82 10.72 7.36 COEF.06 26 1.11 4 .55 3 .30 MINIMUM 2.06 1773 99.99 8.00 1 .05 1 .95 32 1.06 2 .41 2183 98.64 10.55 .25 0 .25 .06 1774 100.65 .35 .05 10.14 7 .30 1733 78. 8.96 .99 7.63 2151 97.58 11.78 9.85 2 .79 1755 98.95 28 1.55 8 .45 .04 201 11.45 146 6.22 8.42 9.55 .30 1428 64.06 MEAN VALUE 3.25 .05 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F VPct CuMIP CUMFPCt CENTIMETERS F FPct CUMF CumFPct 1 . 10.80 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .11 1772 99. 8.05 .21 .06 1768 99.49 STD DEVIATION .30 210 9.21 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.74 899 50.oo SE(MEAN) .35 . FOOT BREADTH.45 0 .95 . 11.14 139 6. 7.90 288 16.25 .88 1079 48.13 58 3.15 .05 .00 .09 1603 90.20 69 3. 10.67 8 . OF VARIATION = 5.20 1716 96.25 49 2.24 8.5% COEF. 8. 10.00 1773 99.75 37 2.75 .08 9. 8.29 12.36 2195 99.28 4 . 8.62 23 1.06 73 3. 10. 11.53 10.76 107 6. 11.15 128 7.55 87 4.77 11.15 0 .

The medial side of the foot is parallel to the long axis of the box.83 5TH 24.59 9.73 27.79 22.81 65TH 27.29 26.17 8.04 ".03 10.86 9.13 85TH 28.29 25TH 26. The heel of the right foot lightly touches the back of the box.72 99TH 30.43 10.95 9.33 9.68 55TH 27.60 24.19 23.92 9.44 21.73 24.88 9.09 23.73 10.54 24.21 20TH 25.62 50TH 26.22 10.44 8.78 9.05 11.87 25.98 8.59 22.95 25.12 15TH 25.46 10.63 10.93 10.81 11.47 24. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CH INCHES 21.27 23.39 9.09 10.67 11.99 9.25.97 23.03 80TH 28.15 26.52 97TH 29.42 95TH 29.21 11.35 9.82 10.44 10.62 10.15 9.08 10.41 24.58 9.50 40TH 26.73 3RD 4.49 10.27 10.75 9. and the side of the foot at the fifth- metatarsophalangeal-protrusion landmark lightly touches the side of the box.34 23.87 10.66 2ND 24.75 60TH 27.54 1ST 23.32 11.77 10.92 10.28 9.36 30TH 26.43 35TH 26.68 22.28 9.55 11.60 10.69 8.(51) FOOT LENGTH The maximum length of the right foot is measured on a footbox scale.20 11.26 10.12 9.63 26.50 26.56 45TH 26.67 24.95 75TH 27.73 10.80 25. A block is placed against the tip of the longest toe to establish the measurement on the scale.60 9.09 9.00 10TH 25.43 9. The subject stands with each foot in a footbox and the weight distributed equally on both feet. .60 98TH 29.88 70TH 27.25 90TH 28.90 17.

00 .93 23. 25.95 .96 23.90 23.75 .27 2190 99.85 118 5.99 22. 21.15 3 .35 .77 2184 98.80 MINIMUM 8.73 28 1.50 21.23 1759 99. 23.31 STD DEVIATTON .95 36 2.19 1297 73.99 25.00 MAXIMUM 11.95 1 .04 21.13 1965 68.35 418 18.95 178 8.95 .75 1 .15 0 . 27.35 .85 636 28.62 .69 382 21. 29.55 .11 1183 53.02 SE(STD DEV) .73 27.35 19 1.13 6 .26 22.35 .15 32 1.39 36 2.09 20.85 468 26.03 1652 93.92 897 50.28 15 .34 903 40.75 72 4.03 529 23.55 .55 .30 1582 71. 23.46 27.52 . 26.15 .00 28. 2. 23.15 86 4.14 20.55 3 .00 2207 99.75 . 23. 20.35 24.23 8 .15 .75 19 1.55 .79 1205 67. 22.09 1563 88.75 . 22. 20.84 29. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS p FPct CUMF CumFPct 1 .95 80 4.55 23.31 29.95 .95 .86 27.95 .95 .79 29 1. 21.15 14 .07 1701 95. FOOT LENGTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 24.20 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .62 1 .72 62 2.00 MAXIMUM 12.75 92 5.35 4 .35 1 .00 2207 99.89 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.75 60 2.32 23 1.35 60 3.59 95 4.55 7 .92 792 44. 28. 24.28 10 .75 105 5.95 .87 25.76 241 13.75 23 1.18 27.07 1737 97.27 2202 99.95 24 1. 21.87 24. .98 29.48 1681 76.62 26. 30.06 22.35 . OF VARIATION . 20.15 .55 85 4.06 1 .58 22.35 . 21.35 41 1.48 1465 66.35 93 5.17 1770 99.39 1766 99.75 785 35. 23.57 1048 47.55 14 . 27. 28.89 143 6.55 .82 120 5.39 1744 98.42 31.27 2143 97.55 43 1. 26.09 2167 98.95 3 .05 20.55 115 6.35 7 .15 . 20.35 104 5.00 20. 29.82 27.09 2204 99.15 86 4.75 .51 1377 77.95 .65 1120 63. 28. 29. OF VARIATION = 4.99 1616 91.77 2115 95.57 25.35 .24 39 1.78 22.58 24.55 7 .85 1463 82.06 2 .05 1 .15 KURTOSIS---VETA II .95 5 .11 111 5.55 .35 .58 2022 91.75 .05 2 .15 39 2.02 26.75 5 .03 SE(MEAN) .45 94 4.23 1774 100.80 23.15 11 .64 69 3.93 30.00 2207 99.72 238 10.00 1 . 27.97 MEAN VALUE 10.45 2076 94.95 16 .95 .35 .09 2207 99.75 19 1. 25.95 28.05 20.15 105 5.15 .03 SE(MEA) .95 7 .65 24.95 28.55 . 26.47 2 .35 . 30.61 30. 25.48 687 38.55 1 .75 .35 5 .91 29.55 . 24. 22.36 20.95 .46 24.05 2208 100. 30.55 37 2.81 21.95 69 3.15 30 1.30 1322 59.95 28.15 .06 84 3.03 COEF.09 0 .15 30.15 .38 192 10.17 5 . 27.20 132 7. 28.05 2205 99.35 .95 105 5.35 63 3.58 25. 29.77 30.05 3 .9% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .72 21.53 57 2.24 117 5.75 .80 322 14.23 16 .30 1896 85.81 29.06 1767 99.15 .55 . 26.43 1801 01.13 25.15 . 22.03 135 6.00 1.55 30.06 313 17.79 50 2.95 28.89 29. 23.48 1. 31.55 . 5.55 17 .06 26.15 4 .75 .75 .93 6 .75 1 . 30. 24.0% COEF.86 135 6.15 . 28. 30.62 1755 98.44 99 4.96 1718 96.44 MEAN VALUE 9.11 2 .30 MINIMUM 7. 21.08 21.07 69 3. 27.35 0 .55 .55 49 2.48 6 .56 149 6. 24. 26.12 1 .69 1682 94.00 1 .15 .75 53 2.86 572 32.92 1002 56. 29.55 1526 86.79 26.91 26.35 .75 .95 . 24.82 139 6.63 145 6.35 118 6.28 107 4.11 22. 22.00 .02 SE(STD DEV) .75 .64 24 1.02 0 .11 0 .27 2196 99.14 11 .03 SYMMETRY---VETA I .22 STD DEVIATION . 25.04 46 2.14 26.06 96 4.56 17 .95 5 .38 54 2.00 175 .

43 28.94 11.50 10.23 28.50 20TH 28.33 24.54 99TH 35.11 13.45 11.31 12.56 26.30 11.27 70TH 31. FLEXED The circumference of the flexed right forearm is measured with a tape passing across the crease at the juncture between the upper am and the forearm.78 10. The measurement is made in a plane perpendicular to the long axis of the forearm.00 95TH 33. and the fist tightly clenched and held facing the head.87 10.56 12.08 10.46 80TH 31.13 9.35 22.58 85TH 32.38 11.75 90TH 32.57 10.73 11.10 -25.93 27.66 1ST 26.81 23.88 10.02 13.98 12.29 10.36 75TH 31.78 11.01 11.55 11.26 10TH 28.31 11.05 23.85 9.17 97TH 34.83 12.20 26.99 8.95 9.30 26.25 12.91 25.92 3RD 27.72 27.08 10.44 24.05 5TH 27.13 9.82 2ND 26.90 12.82 25.72 25.05 11.(52) FOREARM CIRCUMFERENCE.20 24.99 9.61 13.40 8.00 25. the elbow flexed 90 degrees.24 11.54 24.65 8.63 24.54 22.48 12.47 13.57 9.82 40TH 29.68 10.77 11.19 65TH 30.57 29.47 10.79 176 .77 9.66 22.59 25TH 29.39 15TH 28.42 26.72 12.11 60TH 30.89 45TH 30. The subject stands with the upper arm extended forward horizontally.31 98TH 34.36 9.31 9.29 10.06 11.97 50TH 30.31 10.04 55TH 30.51 9.67 30TH 29.75 35TH 29. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 21.

63 1361 61.36 13 .25 .25 .95 31.75 2 .05 2207 99. 32. 3S.56 1835 83.43 704 39.59 21.25 .22.80 37.99 30.62 21 . 35.38 125 7.25 204 11. 31.11 26.25.95 22 1.ljT:'S F yPlt CumF Cumpllt 5 .75 60 3.40 33.39 263 11.00 .11 1771 99.01 1 .11 7 .75 79 3.11 2 .75 .53 1242 70.59 1.35 MEAN VALUE 11.00 177 .67 348 19.75 .68 7 .75 39 2.75 . 26. 34. 28.28 498 22.55 25. 30.95 .84 22.34 1766 99.49 26.25 171 9. 32.20 MAXIMUM 14.54 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.01 24.64 25.04 SE(MEAN) .25 169 9.91 30.52 32.25 .21 35.75 185 10.07 27.20 1696 95.01 28.91 761 34.25 .51 STD DEVIATION . 29.18 1 . FLEXED FEMALES MALES CA INCHES CM INCHES 25.00 32.54 72 3.75 .25 .00 MINIMUM 8.23.25 . OF VARIATION = 6.25 .75 .25 33 1.25 31 1.75 .00 21.72 21.11 263 11.13 38 1.07 1748 98.23.11 0 .50 908 51. 27.75 25 1.96 28.75 19 1.60 33. 37.57 1 .25 3 .75 .75 126 7.05 2203 99.85 211 9. 27.00 2164 98.25 34 1.29 COEF.72 36.17 1774 100.25 3 .25 .91 1624 73.25 .30 MINIMUM 9.21.89 1657 93.75 .27 23.75 70 3.25 .74 .30 SYMMETRY---VETA I .37 MRAN VALUE 9.95 1588 89.25 150 8.25 .50 MAXIMUM 12. 33.25 .25 142 6.28 301 13.00 .26 22.75 .75 2 .53 34.75 .25 0 .83 36.22. 26.25 0 .55 35.75 136 7.32 2202 99.54 1060 48.75 19 1.21 25 8 .47 24.03 SR(MEAN) .14 2206 99.75 . 36.02 1.45 2195 99.25 12 .75 .45 15 .24 IKURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.48 3 .24.05 65 2.03 SE(STD DEV) .46 1518 85.41 29.02 SE(STD DEV) .65 SYMMETRY---VETA I m . 29. 36. 25.39 1976 89.b6 1729 97.95 31. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES r Flt Cum? CumFlt CXNT.95 2185 98.88 STD DEVIATION .77 30. 30.75 65 3. FOREARM CIRCUMFERENCE. 01 VARIATION .75 3 .00 5 .75 .73 29. 29.11 205 9.17 32.75 2 . 33.25 .94 2142 97.75 . 34.27 23.66 101 4.01 27.30 1073 60. 31.57 2077 94.05 2208 100. 5.26 10 .58 151 6.2% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .9% COEF.75 .25 69 3.90 k12 11.75 6 .10 1368 77.43 293 13.46 34.17 5 .23 20.17 1769 99.68 1760 99.55 23.25 .24.00 2207 99.25 .75 .28 299 13.64 519 29.75 165 9.92 141 6.23 5 .25 8 .75 .25 87 4.07 34 1.00 2 .

32 23.20 55.08 70TH 56.69 30TH 52.45 21.58 16.76 40.33 5TH 47.35 43.91 20. The shoulders and upper arms are relaxed and the forearms and hands are extended forward horizontally with the palms facing each other.87 21.16 19. The subject sits erect looking straight ahead.37 50TH 54.79 45.83 85TH 59.25 22.39 17.30 75TH 51.52 98TH 64.22 46.88 47.(53) FOREARM-FOREARM BREADTH The maximum horizontal distance across the upper body between the outer sides of the forearms is measured with a beam caliper.00 25.79 20.80 42.16 23.89 65TH 56.29 51.74 43.94 17.44 47.03 99TH 65.95 22.84 2ND 46.44 41.18 40.08 18.87 35TH 52.47 19.76 10TH 49.43 53.54 80TH 58.21 97TH 63.84 18.52 1ST 45.94 17.06 24.00 46.66 21.42 15.27 25.17 18.98 18.24 18.76 16.33 17.01 19.06 15TH 50.47 22.13 19.00 21. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.31 44.04 40TH 53.80 95TH 62.59 20.79 22.47 16.37 19.30 20TH 50.56 21.11 48.63 49.47 17.24 15.16 22.87 54.54 55TH 55.84 20.05 3RD 46.63 19.18 24.51 25TH 51.21 90TH 60.52 18.33 20.65 47.56 45.93 50.82 18.74 18.71 60TH 55.75 52.20 45TH 53.12 17.04 44. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CH INCHES 39.36 49.66 18.21 20.35 21.70 178 .90 21.

30 MINIMUM 3.03 .58 2084 94.55 .6 11 .26 124 5.55 17 .81 114 5. 66.55 65 71 3.55 - .51 591 3331 47 2.46.47 78.12 1202 67.76 12 .81 50.23 6 .38 1.16 2005 90.55 .80 61. 56.99 48. 3.89 69.55 84 4.18 55. .34 SYMMETRY---VETA I a . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .37 all 36. 68. 39. 52.5S .5S .05 2203 99.36 39.5 . 45. 42.55 .94 233 10.69 54.27 37.55 37 30 2.00 60.55 .55 62.42 260 11.6 1058 59. 37.55 156 8.55 0 .55 19 .55 64.55 0 .55 .55 154 8.9 2s . 40.77 S7.55 .09 2208 110.10 560 25.55 - .36 STD DEVIATION 1.55 -.44 54.55 .06 2 .86 58.85 MEAN VALUE 18.28 201 9.03 37. 43.55 124 6.06 1772 99.67 9.69 39.06 12.10 SE(MEAN) .55 63. 62.55 27 1.98 72.55 14 . 3.55 33 1.55 5 .11 1774 100.50 MAXIMUM 28.55 . 72.07 SE(STD DEV) .55 136 177 4.61 MEAN VALUE 21.40 209 lee 9.58 63.06 72 3.73 56. 51.55 .99 440 24.00 2 .05 46.55 .9 50.55 1 .04 3.05 SE(STD DEV) . FOREARM-FOREARM BREADTH FEMALES MALES CM 102WE CM 1NCHES 46.55 . 59. OF VARIATION .23 1770 99.69 1701 95.55 4 .55 5 .72 .55 .17 1618 91.02 .26 KURTOSIS---VETA 11 .55 .75 1460 82.11 109 4.47 277 12.66 4.09 2205 99.55 3 .79 1358 76.55 102 5.97 78 4.59 1664 93.22 52 2.36 4.53 65.55 66. 53.55 74 4.79 26 1. 64.55 .06 1771 99.5S . 67.71 60.06 147 6.28 1766 99.89 1731 97.55 46 2.55 . 8.55 . 69.50 .80 79 3. 57.83 68. 48. 66.13 COBF.47 STD DEVIATION 1.11 126 5. OF VARIATION .01 143 214 8.50 2190 99.4.86 25 2.S5 1 .55 .39 12 .66 1891 85. 7.55 49. 44.78 1348 61. 56.27 65. 71.64 49. 61.89 71.55 1 .74 1544 87.55 13 . 47.S5 1 .09 1.96 174 98.38.36 43.07 SE(MEAN) . 55.55 0 .0% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .20 KURTOSIS---VETA II .91 59. 70. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES p rflt CumF CumPCt CENTIMETERS F Fftt CUMF CuraF]?Ct 1 .55 .05 36.54 SYMMETRY---VETA I .42 8.13 2131 96.51 1 1744 956 70.55 il 49.55 .54 2202 99.00 1772 99.00 179 .89 70.68 251 11.05 1 .55 1 . 41.55 .96 43 2.90 MAXIMUM 23.73 1761 99.05 2206 99.98 727 904 40.73 44.55 7 .77 67.21 2 .55 .55 144 8.03 1 .49 2164 9801 53.51 52.5S 17 . 58.55 .55 54.13 38.17 5 .26 42.55 151 8.90 MINIMUM 15.30 2 .4% COEF.55 2 .5S .55 35 1.75 316 17.68 2179 98.62 40.06 I .5S 41.5S - 47.55 .28 45.00 1772 99.55 102 5.71 359 16.55 .

92 41.83 20.64 60TH 48.88 49.88 19.06 49.12 15.64 90TH 51.79 3RD 44.33 17.99 18. The subject stands erect with the upper arms hanging at the sides and the right elbow flexed 90 degrees.35 18.13 17.58 19.94 30TH 47.31 40.69 16.98 17.42 43.66 20TH 46.24 45.21 B0TH 50.52 55TH 48.29 45TH 47.(54) FOREARM-HAND LENGTH The horizontal distance between the back of the tip of the right elbo-w to the tip of the right middle finger is measured with a beam caliper.01 47.28 19.82 -.41 50TH 48.10 39. 46.06 35TH 47.63 41.91 16.21 19.81 17.47 17.84 18.04 20.70 18.79 18.18 40TH 47.45 40.42 18.49 21.51 17.02 18.78 43.32 16.25 18.50 f:745.52 17.38 98TH 53.38 16.79 17.40 85TH 50.37 45.41 19.02 16.64 / / 48.81 19.33 19.12 / \ 44.61 99TH 54.01 44.99 95TH 52.66 43.42 20.22 97TH 53.26 48.10 18. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 39.14 15.43 17.65 46.74 15.92 17.62 15.05 75TH 49.99 5TH 44.20 19.54 43.91 19.29 10Th 45.90 70TH 49.74 18.53 19.21 17.34 180 .89 44.77 65TH 49.41 1ST 43. The hand is held out straight with the palm facing inward.63 17.26 18.81 25TH 46.81 19.12 42.46 20.65 2ND 43.32 17.50 15TH 46.20 21.28 42.

25 .91 49.06 41.40 MEAN VALUE 19. 45.25 . 57.84 139 6.25 0 .75 .75 .00 1 .44 203 9.61 1296 73.23 98 4. 40.75 1 .27 66 2.97 741 33.75 .25 .75 125 7.25 0 .25 144 8.35 33.44 44.67 162 7.05 33. 49.92 46.75 137 7.92 .76 127 5. 51.77 38.25 1 .25 53 2. SE(MEAN) .25 91 5.06 1 . OF VARIATION = 4.25 0 . 39.75 0 .25 2 .25 .00 1 . 54.40 MINIMK) 12.25 .91 52.38 1634 92.75 60 3.25 26 1.04 SE(STD DEV) .75 .41 174 7. 37.41 49.06 2 .25 .64 0 .25 .00 1 .45 21 .76 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .78 45.52 587 26. 35.34 144 6.00 1 .63 1 .20 54. 58.73 184 8.06 1770 99.25 .45 17 . 39.75 0 .68 25 1.05 1 .0.50 57.25 1 .00 181 .58 1732 97.75 .05 SE(MEAN) .95 2184 98.25 104 5.00 2 .05 2207 99. 55.33 STD DEVIATION .25 0 .17 :6 3.11 28 1.77 43.17 210 11.92 2. 49.75 .99 39.89 43.23 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 46.75 .97 1297 58.14 37.75 2 .74 44.45 27 1.23 2200 99.75 .25 .75 135 7.68 170 1.12 877 49. 46.25 .25 .25 .06 11 .75 155 8.58 596 33. 43. 33.00 1 .09 3 .25 87 4.75 . 38.75 .00 1 .25 11 .75 0 .05 0 .00 6 .25 10 .95 2098 95.34 1629 73.25 . 45.75 1 .94 57. 52. 42.60 MINIMUM 15.50 38 1.00 2206 99.17 17 .25 .75 .99 136 7.75 .75 . 48.75 0 .25 .90 1574 88.80 MAXIMUM 22.47.75 .33 925 41.25 28 1.25 .05 426 24.21 54.75 14 .75 4 .25 .29 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.27 1161 65.91 52.85 1875 84.95 53. 52. 41.47. 33.8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES 7 FPct CumF Cumpct CENTIMETERS F FPct CUnP CumFPct 1 . 34.25 7 .77 50.7 1467 66.56 42.06 1773 99.25 129 7.11 SYHMETRY---VETA I = .11 1772 99.02 47.04 SE(STD DEV) . 44.05 2204 99.75 .25 .75 32 1.75 2 .74 1032 58.75 .75 .17 1760 99.05 35.14 2203 99.75 1 .32 43 1.25 0 .97 107 4.06 1774 100.18 7 . 50.11 6 .75 2 . 56.05 36.90 1487 83.95 53.00 1 .82 51.02 2.07 47. 43. 35.25 .72 733 41.62 1757 99.87 198 e.72 39. 36.00 1 .06 10 .11 2 .05 32.13 301 16.00 54.41 2055 93.25 .75 .f 1978 89. 54.59 42.43 COEF.44 301 13.77 56.44 48 2.25 .39 1767 99.22 38. 53.34 154 6.05 32.05 35.88 1099 49. OF VARIATION = 5. 44.75 .90 83 4.05 34.01 103 4o.07 45.43 443 20.25 45 2.00 1 .75 .42 0 .76 38.89 56.75 12 .25 .75 0 .75 40.32 37.50 2195 99.25 .75 .75 .82 3 .75 74 4.25 1 .91 51.75 25 1.06 1: .00 2206 99.34 142 6.34 STD DEVIATION .41 1704 96. 56.77 2163 97.54 1679 94.05 34.75 1 .17 2146 97. 53.86 1400 78.89 57.11 1769 99.75 3 .58 46. 38.25 0 .05 2208 100.96 48. 42.3% COEF.11 61 2.75 . FOREARM-HAND LENGTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 44.04 1 .00 1772 99. 37.75 0 .63 41. 41.06 3 .19 40.25 7 .61 55.06 .05 36.02 .02 32. 50.25 170 9.ka 0 .25 .75 87 4.06 4 .79 1746 98.48.44 48.00 6 .00 2207 99.75 .09 2206 99. 55.25 0 .25 . 51.00 . 57.47 51 2.60 77 3.29 MEAN VALUE 17.72 55.25 .19 48. 36.60 MAXIMUM 91. 40.75 .00 1 .75 . 34.64 50.39 13 .73 1 . 32.92 5 .30 1768 80.

which rests on the floor.92 105.84 85TH 113.90 97.85 40.55 45TH 107.06 41.34 90TH 114.09 39. The subject sits erect on a stool 40.89 46.99 37.04 55TH 108.48 44.76 99.32 40 28 60TH 109.69 92.10 96.82 70TH 110. The measurement is made from the footrest surface of the base plate.09 36.70 40.20 35.67 40.12 75TH 111.30 43.67 41.45 80TH 112.14 46.91 45.55 42.76 35.40 10TH 101.25 3RD 99.21 20TH 103.8 cm high.81 30TH 105.54 97.25 36.31 40TH 106.86 112.71 107.26 101.49 43. The right leg is extended and the foot is on the base plate of the anthropometer.53 25TH 104.31 .08 39.22 39.77 102.08 95TH 116.01 100 47 39.43 41.01 93.28 106.91 2ND 98.82 44.38 182 .98 40.75 43.71 5TH 100.79 5nTH 107.99 42.90 38.56 43.06 35TH 106.03 102.(55) FUNCTIONAL LEG LENGTH The straight-line distance between the plane of the bottom of the right foot with the leg extended and the back of the body of a seated subject is measured with an anthropometer passing over the trochanter landmark on the side of the hip.52 101.88 40.89 98TH 119.85 39.39 41.44 94.86 15TH 102.15 37.29 41.34 1ST 96.64 42.55 97TH 118.62 43.33 47.51 111.54 65TH 110.00 43.19 39.21 98.86 38.02 46.42 99TH 120.26 38.55 44.35 42.98 40. 103.15 91.71 42.24 109. THE PERCENTILES IFEMALES MALES CM INCHES CH INCHES 89.42 43.57 38.28 41.6) 104.07 38.02 110.49 99.

55 2 .55 .87 111.55 .55 1 .5b 31 1.104.55 1 . 128.68 26 1.45 96 4. 86.53 119.52 137J 62.90.36 89.04 .55 .18 101.39 1 .28 1575 88.77 124.79 166 7.79 117 5.54 2099 95.86 2140 96.46 129.08 90.55 0 .98 1215 68.55 1 .98 386 17.55 0 .27 156 8.05 2 .55 .00 1 .55 .55 0 . 84.55 .102.55 .32 121.55 .92.08 3 .23 1769 99.99.31 1710 96.51 41 1.55 58 3.55 .55 150 8.30 503 22.00 183 .23 16 .34 77 3.11 1772 99.55 .09 5 .55 57 3.07 SE(STD DEV) .55 . 114.55 .55 .05 4.98.55 76 4.21 MEAN VALUE 42.55 . 127.55 . 116.68 1201 54.35 97.91 STD DEVIATION 1.96 43 2.00 1 .49 21 .01 .55 3 .55 .55 1 .03 81.55 0 .06 14 .20 MEAN VALUE 39.55 132 7.22 1343 75.79 104.55 .17 1765 99.90 1748 98.14 105.06 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .00 1772 99.55 0 .55 6 .23 86.77 114.06 56 2.55 .42 155 7.55 .28 1762 99.72 222 12.14 2207 99.66 1806 81.s5 17 .72 88.83.106.06 1 .01 93.45 110 4.60 .103.37 98.93 426 24.47 145 6.06 16 .55 16 .55 0 .09 SE(STD DEV) .10 MINIMUM 34.55 66 3.55 146 8.62 92.55 .62 1982 d9.55 136 7.c5 12 .12 SE(MEAN) .55 .45 2193 99.55 0 .55 .55 .93 1681 76.91.95 2161 97. 126.55 .05 82.55 .36 76 3.100.06 30 1. OF VARIATION = 4.00 MAXIMUM 46.55 4 .05 3 .24 1732 97.00 1 .55 .55 .05 2208 100.06 1770 99.49 276 12.22 COEF.92 109.72 46 2.9% COEF.63 118.107.17 124 5.01 125 5.55 .50 87.55 .7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFpct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CuMlPct 1 .55 .118.55 .34 14 . 113. 125. 112.55 .93 5.93.09 1669 94.95 116.03 . 121.55 2 .46 113. OF VARIATION = 4.00 1772 99.17 4 .87.89 126.10 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.78 7 .88.00 2183 98. 122.39 61 2.55 2 .55 .24 88.10 STD DEVIATION 2.35 67 3.06 108.57 303 17.55 .00 1 . 117.40 199 9. 120.55 .55 41 2.48 95.14 85.82 115.61 949 42.55 .10 MAXIMUM 50.55 76 4.05 2204 99.51 1499 84.55 .00 2 .55 24 1.05 1 .50 3 .95.20 102. 129.89.55 106 5.55 1 .55 .82. 115.87 110.89 125.98 99.94.08 153 6. 85.110.75 98 5.04 120.55 5 .76 2043 92.23 823 46.94 128.53 107.55 .55 6 .89 127.06 1774 100.06 5 .55 .10 SE(MEAN) .55 2 .70 22 1.16 80 3.17 KURTOSIS---VETA II m 3.108.44 91.57 648 29. 123.00 1 .09 84.44 558 31.02 1528 69.23 75 3.06 48 2.51 155 7.14 2196 99.72 123.46 1109 62.55 . FUNCTIONAL LEG LENGTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 101.76 106.109.55 .06 1773 99.67 959 54.69 118.66 100.78 146 6.55 81 4.55 . 124.96.90 MINIMUM 32.105.97.21 1632 92.11 6 .55 .55 .02 803 36.55 22 1.71 677 38.83 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .09 83. 111.28 1419 79.55 119 6.55 128 7.35 1902 86.63 30 1.49 122.27 11 .55 123 6.00 117.05 81.55 .32 2203 99.55 9 .78 96.55 0 .13 103.55 80 4.101.00 1 .55 37 2. 119.52 258 11.99 10 .55 .55 1 .55 .32 112.55 3 .51 1757 99.11 8 .84 108.50 94.

62 32.59 5TH 74.71 32.90 31.30 &Z :r".02 30.16 70TH 83.85 85.42 32.01 27.08 65.81 72.16 36.18 32.22 70.27 30.54 28.72 32.21 75.69 60TH 82.90 31.75 29.26 29.95 34.96 95TH 97TH 98TH 89.96 77.54 26.05 32.25 78.24 69.79 29.30 91.94 2ND 72.75 30.51 IST 71.43 I 81.21 90.22 3RD 73.85 67.26 50TH 81.06 35.55 30. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.76 74.09 31.88 20TH 77.25 28.51 85TH 90TH 86 24 87.53 73.39 30TH 78.05 45TH 80.45 75.17 10TH 75.70 76.81 27.58 )80.06 72.33 29.03 78.98 74.59 26.53 71.12 28.70 28.46 33.24 31.48 99TH 92.82 70.60 30.42 75TH 84.28 33.62 35TH 79.48 55TH 81.99 29.51 31.42 29.06 31.89 25.29 28.32 28.26 30.82 32.04 33. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 64.84 40TH 80.15 25TH 78.87 83.79 25.72 80TH 85.46 33.12 35.01 27.50 28.87 29.55 35.56 15TH 76.92 65TH 83.M 73.66 31.56 66.(56) GLUTEAL FURROW HEIGHT The vertical distance between a standing surface and the lowest point of the gluteal furrow(s) under the right buttock is measured with an anthropometer.28 184 .74 82.

94 101.55 0 .55 83 4.00 1773 99.51 1152 52.46 84.47 71.86 2196 99.41 62.8% COEF.41 209 9. 82.55 1 .36 64.65 77.00 1 .90 MINIMUM 25.45 2162 97. 66.94.62 164 7.55 .55 1 .11 SE(MEAN) . OF VARIATION = 5.69 4.05 4 .55 141 7.17 73.91 86.95 105 4.55 .22 62 2.55 . 75.66 72.11 1770 99.95 08.27 92.82 35 1.05 484 27.00 1 105 60.05 59.47 81.55 .46 5 .03 .09 3 .88.00 2206 99.81 2093 94.21 210 9.78 1080 60.14 61.55 .68 2130 96.06 102.77 95.00 1772 99.55 .55 39 2.55 .55 .23 88 3.89.87 1661 93. 65.00 2207 99.36 17 .74 62 2.91 70.00 1772 99.91.56 STD DEVIATION 1.79 75.102.92 82.70 1847 83.1.24 148 6.06 1773 99.55 147 8.55 . 64.53 1 .05 56. 99.80 .55 .64 74.55 .05 58.50 MAXIMUM 40.00 1 . 68.66 0 .55 .20 96 5.55 .55 29 1.55 1 .90.101.00 91.55 18 .55 0 .35 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .55 .96 180 8.55 0 .55 .30 81.79 80.89 98.21 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.56 739 33.11 75 3. 58.63 1 . 77. 84.89 97.29 1227 69.13 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .55 .55 0 .55 1 .55 2 .04 4.77 63.00 1 .55 8 .55 0 .60 83.55 .55 .06 43 1.55 51 2.11 1772 99.55 .55 19 1.28 96 4.6% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .51 776 43.55 .64 158 7.55 6 . 79.55 .49 93.73 1761 99. 1768 99.40 180 8.92.39 11 .00 2207 99.55 22 1.55 111 6.55 4 .09 SE(HEAN) .55 0 .80 MINIMUM 22.60 MAXIMUM 36.81 65. 83.48 69. 70.55 0 .55 1 .04 .16 1699 76. 98.68 242 13.06 27 1. 71.55 91.55 151 8.15 67.55 36 2.10 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 69.55 .06 2 .23 2206 99.00 185 . 59.05 57.19 942 42.66 94.45 19 1.55 .55 .59 64.87. 95.95 76.10 37 1.26 1338 75.55 .06 i . 61. 63.17 99 4.05 1 .55 .08 SE(STD DEV) .55 .93.55 19 1.06 15.00 1772 99.30 1610 90.42 i9 .68 85.24 1748 98. 81.06 .55 .63 1726 97.03 1697 95.55 159 8.27 9 . 76.85.60 359 20.07 57 3.00 78.SS 8 .6 85.89 96. 97. 96.06 1774 100. 62.98 79.23 129 5.55 3 .55 63 3.55 1 .55 .17 15 .55 0 .07 38 2.55 2 .55 .86. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumPPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CumF CumFPct 1 .55 .55 138 7.95 625 35.55 .55 13 .55 .55 . 57.43 572 25.55 2 .68 2177 98.55 .20 COEF.76 0 .98 1444 81.44 MEAN VALUE 32.55 0 .55 .55 166 9.14 203 9.55 72 4.55 .23 1765 99. 80.55 106 5.23 2201 99. 73.94 100.07 167 7.95 89.55 117 6.00 1 .55 .30 bTD DEVIATION 1.55 125 7.06 SE(STD DEV) .05 2207 99.35 1943 88. GLUTEAL FURROW HEIGHT FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 74.88 32 1.15 1541 69.55 . 74.91 87. 67.55 . 78.64 68. 60.99 2031 91.06 3 .36 942 53.29 0 .03 56.55 .55 7 .95 90.100.89 99.55 94 5.47 1361 61.55 .55 .48 279 12. 72. OF VARIATION = 5.55 .76 66.40 5 .43 MEAN VALUE 29.55 .84 408 18.55 .05 2208 100.

74 3.20 70TH 9.32 3.16 60TH 9.05 30TH 8.39 7.47 2.40 3.73 8.41 97TH 9.66 3.60 (I_8.93 3.42 3.09 3.45 7.79 3.76 3.04 3.54 7.03 3.95 186 .25 80TH 9.62 8.48 3.84 3.98 3.28 85TH 9.31 90TH 9.88 8.27 3.37 95TH 9.13 3.87 3.58 9.22 7.32 3. The middle finger is parallel to the long axis of the forearm.84 8.91 8. The subject places the palm on a table.89 3.09 2.56 3.74 3.03 3.98 15TH 8.69 3.61 3.03 25TH 8.83 2ND 8.12 50TH 9.89 5TH 8.56 2.86 3.00 20TH 8.69 3.25 2.35 7.51 3.67 8.20 3.36 3.64 8. the fingers together and the thumb abducted.56 7.18 65TH 9.70 8.(57) HAND BREADTH The breadth of the right hand between the landmarks at mctacarpale II and metacarpale V is measured with a sliding caliper.49 99TH 10.63 3.09 3.07 35TH 8.22 75TH 9.14 55TH 9.18 3.93 3.86 3.25 7.86 3RD 8.25 3.82 3.49 7.29 7.59 3.51 7.09 40TH 8. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 7. The two distal phalanges of the fingers lie on a flat surface 8 mm higher than the table.10 7.75 3.11 45TH 8.19 3.42 7.07 3.26 3.79 1ST 8.94 10TH 8.34 2.47 7.19 2.93 3.14 3.44 98TH 9.98 3.78 8.

8.45 14 .18 1760 99.05 11 .00 .40 2090 94.35 121 6.25 3 .61 8.47 1768 80.32 919 51.75 . 7.15 28 1.75 64 3.82 132 7.69 1719 96.00 9.47 1568 89.17 1770 99.15 15 .03 9. 10.60 MAXIMUM 4.85 .05 8 .49 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 6. 8.75 .00 2206 99.28 1365 61.02 302 17.95 . 7.63 209 9.24 1 .79 1559 70.60 7.07 8.12 581 32.14 6.25 19 1.74 736 41.50 30 1. 10.55 0 . 8. 9.50 19 .06 1774 100.65 1 . 9.91 9.25 162 9.97 8.07 48 2.95 9.66 8. HAND BREADTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 7.63 12 .00 .31 2141 96.15 .13 9. 6.95 .75 135 7. OF VARIATION = 4.15 7 .36 6.00 187 .55 .44 75 3.28 921 41.80 3 .43 7.85 30 1.82 9.94 184 8.40 2172 98. 8.37 8.42 STD DEVIATION .65 89 5.35 1 .45 .00 1773 99.35 34 1. 7. 8. 9. 9.77 10.05 2206 99. 7.55 97 5.55 .11 6 .71 7.00 .35 65 2.00 220) 99.85 4 .90 9.00 2204 99.54 2184 98.39 1767 99.06 1 .25 .05 183 10.85 .32 2201 99.85 144 8.37 8.05 . 9.45 .25 61 2. 7.86 10.13 1739 98. 9.18 8 .15 . OF VARIATION = 4.05 .05 2208 100.65 .00 COEF.15 165 9.05 .15 .00 SE(STD DEV) .23 217 9.94 10.92 82 4.16 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .13 1246 70.95 155 8. 8.05 21 1.54 7.75 . 10. 9.80 MAXIMUM 3.03 9.49 7 .84 483 21.14 2204 99.75 10 . 10.39 7.95 2 .60 MINIMUM 2.09 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.83 10.85 .45 126 5.15 .06 1771 99.95 .95 9.05 .65 .21 1625 91.35 .21 1 .55 .85 3 . 8.82 1367 77.56 694 31.04 7.85 .17 4 .56 . 7.82 9.68 8.95 11 .60 0 .7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CuMf CumFPct CENTIMETERS F kFPct CumF CuwFPct 2 .71 168 7.75 1 .61 1936 87.45 104 5.75 1 .00 S1 (MEAN) .06 227 10.65 1 .82 7.61 1689 95.45 50 2.05 3 .86 6. 8.25 .86 1471 82.55 .65 211 9.25 .09 6. 7.27 58 2.92 0 .45 . 6.55 173 7.65 .70 MINIMUM 3. 7. 10.95 20 1. 9.79 194 8.45 2 .57 213 12.25 .05 2207 99. 10.17 SYMMETRY---VETA I = . 6.00 SE(MEA) . 8.02 31 1. 7.18 6. 7.55 .30 1084 61.35 .85 29 1.65 57 3.68 8.62 79 3.71 310 14.7% COEF.05 2205 99.61 10.39 1 .94 MEAN VALUE 3.55 81 4.91 8.65 .95 .34 227 10.36 7.88 7.86 9.26 8.58 2015 91.33 7. 8.75 .76 119 5.35 .00 SE(STD DEV) .06 1 .35 .09 2 .61 437 24.94 10.15 .91 9.38 STD DEVIATION .17 .00 6.01 51 2.45 2194 99.04 MEAN VALUE 3.45 9. 10.21 10.63 7.10 0 .05 4 . 9.11 1773 99.83 1138 51.

72 3RD 19.73 6.92 7.60 80TH 22.85 7.28 45TH 21.55 19.67 85TH 22.45 7.49 70TH 21.43 8.79 5TH 19.99 15TH 20.73 19.03 17.28 7.81 7. 18.50 ! 18.61 19.04 98TH 23.25 6.26 18.64 8.72 17.10 25TH 20.32 50TH 21.91 7.91 10TH 20.07 20.39 7.16 99TH 23._ 18.81 17.50 7.38 8.03 9.67 19.16 7.36 18.47 7. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 16.18 7.92 20. The subject places the palm on a table.54 16.97 97TH 23.05 20TH 20.41 60TH 21.04 7. The two distal phalanges of the fingers lie on a flat surface 8 mm higher than the table.67 2kD 19.60 7.98 8.45 --.74 9.36 55TH 21.35 188 .25 7.30 7.01 8. and the thumb abducted.72 8.69 7.28 9.15 30TH 20.57 8. the fingers together.86 8.75 90TH 22.34 8.94 17.70 7.(58) HAND CIRCUMFERENCE The circumference of the right hand is measured with a tape passing over the landmarks at metacarpale 11 and metacarpale V.22 8.46 9.03 7.04 7.10 18.54 75TH 22.72 8.17 7.40 .20 35TH 20.24 20.31 18.81 19.88 95TH 23.46 8.45 65TH 21.93 6.16 18.59 1ST 19.07 6.16 7.21 18.86 8.17 20.75 6.66 17.18 8.62 7. The middle finger is parallel to the long axis of the forearm.24 40TH 21.59 8.55 6.72 8.11 8.40 8.

63 101 5.95 1 .95 7 .9S 1191 67.34 210 9.55 .86 21.32 2186 99. 24. 17.55 .95 106 5.06 57 2.39 324 14.98 1297 73. 16.27 2157 97.34 17 .00 2179 98.11 1774 100.35 '. 23.17 4 .69 20.55 .63 72 4.42 .15 4 .63 127 5.55 11 . 20.50 7 .75 2 . 4.35 .00 2207 99. 18.75 .88 1052 47.84 497 22.35 .75 141 7.05 3 .94 17.38 19.02 SEfMEAN) . 24. 16.55 3 .00 MAXIMUM 9.96 731 41.35 94 5.55 146 8.15 96 5.02 SE(AEAN) .44 0 .30 1487 83. 23.21 1 .23 202 9.55 . 22.5% COEF. 18.36 1 .68 29 1.59 16.21 1626 91.15 1254 56.75 .09 2204 99.83 856 38.80 19.06 1772 99. 19.19 1 .39 1763 99.00 .74 1794 81.12 COEF.95 29 1.95 .55 119 5.98 572 32.95 5 .02 17.99 23.27 13 .58 2 f'94 94. 19.15 159 8.32 16.75 9 .82 21.35 .35 . 23.09 2 .95 21.06 1 .51 18.23 1050 59.02 SE(STD DEV) .00 2207 99.97 STD D2VIATION . 24. 17.35 .95 .73 21.51 1756 98.41 346 19.35 .05 2205 99.24 8 . 20.96 2 . 19.51 1464 66.14 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.95 .00 15. 20.95 106 5. 24.80 MINIMUM 6.67 17.75 29 1.89 24.75 120 6.82 0 .52 0 .95 48 2.80 2027 91.69 45 2.35 . 21.32 20.25 19.00 19.51 17.89 23.96 171 7. 21.04 16. 17.35 . 16. 20. 16.83 24.50 24 1.52 1701 95.09 22 1.42 19.15 .71 1674 94.15 .85 1747 98.00 SE(STD DEV) .75 .05 2202 99.51 250 14. 22.00 2207 99.15 5 .18 7 .75 2 .75 .35 .15 .09 2207 99.75 904 50. HAND CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES CM INCHES C INCHES 18. 19.95 35 1. 23.06 24.20 SYMMETRY---VETA I .72 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .66 24.95 22. 9.95 .89 170 9. OF VARIATION = 4.15 .42 106 4.77 18.38 U-EAN VALUE 8.15 .62 MEAN VALUE 7. 22.75 1732 97.75 .62 159 7.35 72 1.95 164 7.06 196 8.5% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F Fftt Cum? CuzWTft 2 .26 205 9.30 18.27 7 .70 MAXIMUM 9.35 1 .17 1771 99.15 53 2.75 57 3.00 20. 18.41 1393 78.55 .09 16. 6 8 20. 20. 15.35 6 .95 . 17.64 18.63 23.35 80 4.85 STD DEVIATION .62 16.95 .55 96 5.58 28 1.62 1569 88.14 15.38 23.55 . 23.20 MINIMUM 7.33 21.15 .66 0 . 22.00 2207 99.17 23.14 2 .95 .00 189 .79 43 2.15 69 3.00 2207 99.75 . 21.09 15.75 .32 2193 99.00 .00 22. OF VARIATION .69 20.15 27 1.46 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.95 22.40 133 6.38 .95 .11 6 .55 82 4.35 3 .55 1 .48 23.35 12 .15 .04 2129 96. 19.05 2208 100.15 6 .55 .75 21 .75 173 7.28 11 .75 .79 18.75 1921 37.28 17.36 2201 9q.59 80 3. 18.15 .95 22.95 45 2.15 195 8.55 .75 .76 466 26.55 .43 661 29.20 1623 73.28 1768 99. 18.55 15 . 16.35 31 1.55 14 .15 . 21.95 .22 18.95 22.95 21. 21.33 . .11 0 . 17. 22.00 .

97 18.24 65TH 19.31 17.63 10TH 18.52 17.78 7.61 18.67 7.52 6.90 30TH 18.S7 7.99 7.24 17.55 8.35 2ND 17.89 6.96 7.94 98TH 21.70 18.26 7.66 6. The two distal phalanges of the fingers lie on a flat surface 8 mm higher than the table.47 17.29 70TH 19.64 8. The subject places the palm on a table.06 8.79 20TH 18.40 20.75 18.21 7.72 15TH 18.42 17.06 6.07 99TH 21.18 7.90 7.00 40TH 19.66 18.45 7.87 7.04 7.35 75TH 19.70 7.50 8.16 7.14 7.02 7.29 6.29 19.90 16.39 7.60 90TH 20.50 5TH 17.83 6.05 45TH 19.67 6.29 7.49 85TH 20.97 7.04 16.86 97TH 21.(59) HAND LENGTH The lerith of the right hand between the stylion landmark on the wrist and the tip of the middle tinger is measured with a Poech sliding caliper.75 95TH 21.49 20.41 3RD 17.13 19.37 8.56 18.85 7.26 1ST 17.71 7. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 15.69 7.80 16.95 35TH 18.37 17.28 6.62 190 .09 7.85 25TH 18.14 55TH 19.09 50TH 19. the fingers together.02 19.56 7.42 80TH 20.81 18.19 60TH 19.16 17.33 7.94 19.96 16.39 7.84 7.13 6.84 7.39 6.90 8. The middle finger is parallel to the long axis of the forearm. and the thumb abducted.53 6.52 7.16 7.50 6.34 8.24 6.

95 .00 MINIMUM 6.31 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.21 1618 91.15. 21.43 17.15 0 .76 33 1.35 33 1. 17.75 . 19.87 21. 21.63 2071 93.83 19.23 1767 99.75 .30 165 7. 17.28 86 3.46 1202 67.50 4AXIMUM 8.38 MEAN VALUE 7.63 .91 4 . 18. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMERRS F FPct CumF CumFPct 1 .95 .76 124 5.86 1730 97. 18.35 .17 8 .75 .47 848 38.83 189 8.05 14.18 16 . 17.15.55 .95 41 2.15 .13 15.68 1490 83.14 2200 99. 16.79 766 43.55 .10 19.95 .36 24 1. 19.21 389 17.85 36 2.35 .55 0 .02 SE(MEAN) .75 150 8.55 .39 104 4.Or 1774 100.73 20.15 .15 103 5.15 . 19.30 21.51 26 1. 18. 22.75 .00 3 .15.78 17.15 .55 71 4.64 20.50 20.06 18.94 23.30 34 1. 16.99 21.02 SE(MEAN) .95 23 1.95 2 .95 .41 2197 99. 16.62 610 34.32 12 .49 2138 96.80 19.18 75 3.15 .35 .93 1052 59.80 68 3.75 57 3.23 15. OF VARIATION = 5.55 .71 1666 93.45 115 5.95 3 .55 . 23.00 .05 MEAN VALUE 7.16 16. 21.25 21.87 16.44 457 25.19 929 52.66 22.00 191 .62 1834 83.11 1756 98.55 .55 13 .95 .18 2204 99.51 21 1.47 1411 63.18 136 6.02 SE(STD DEV) . 20.16 525 23. 18. 20.66 236 13. 20.97 17.95 .95 .00 SE(STD DEV) .71 1938 87.94 22.31 16 .38 .90 18.75 1 .02 325 18.94 17.75 1304 73.30 MAXIMUM 9.00 21.95 153 8.09 20.15 4 .95 .35 7 . 22.99 9 . 22.82 20.35 1 .il 5 .18 2164 98.35 163 9.99 a .15 .61 22.14 187 8. 19.27 22.15 .35 1 .95 .56 1037 46.35 65 3.55 .62 1754 98.75 .1% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .00 14. ?3.15.55 4 .09 15.62 16.15 2 .20 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.38 22.38 18.91 21.75 11 .77 18.17 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .09 3 .55 15 . OF VARIATION = 5.68 136 6.00 .35 -.54 2105 95.31 109 6.28 1761 99. 17.75 1697 95.46 23.03 187 8.98 STD DEVIATION . 22.23 12 . 20.35 83 4.35 .35 9 .54 15.75 32 1.75 132 7.97 STD DEVIATION .09 2208 100.55 85 5.06 3 .14 14.32 134 6.95 102 5.16 661 29.75 2 .00 1561 81.15 .35 .35 2 .35 .52 2 .35 188 6.47 1224 55.14. 16. 21. 17.15 5 .06 1768 99.01 19.45 COEF.75 . HAND LENGTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 18.15.15 2 . 16.75 .72 2180 98.58 16.95 48 2.36 2186 99.95 2 .75 .41 17.11 32 1.90 MINIMUM 5.15 31 1.00 .39 .04 47 2.55 .09 2206 99.81 1407 79.73 1743 98.55 4 .47 1576 71.28 1773 99.16 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .89 274 12.37 58 2.17 35 1.15 .72 15.64 187 8.17 74 3.34 19.35 .11 2 .15 62 3. 21. 18.41 16.00 1773 99.40 2013 91.17 19.4% COEF.95 5 .15 156 8.55 123 6.66 2 .75 .59 114 5.07 1710 77.45 79 3.21 3 .05 1 .09 5 . 20.75 8 .45 18. 22. 19.11 1763 99.51 16.49 171 9.

08 5.53 20TH 14.(60) HEAD BREADTH The maxiwm horizontal breadth of the head above the attachment ot the ears is measured with a spreading caliper.02 14.95 5.55 5.37 5.83 14.07 97TH 16.89 14.04 5.96 5.11 98TH 16.81 75TH 15.51 6.58 1:3.33 3RD 14.83 5.73 60TH 15.50 5.94 5.71 13.75 65TH 15.11 ~ 1''14.92 5.41 6. oi 192 .99 14.19 5.15 14.63 ! 13.97 14.33 5.31 5.94 14. THE PERCENTILES FEIHALES 1~E Cm INCHES CM INCHES 13.49 5.22 5.72 6.59 30TH 14.19 15.61 6.43 5.36 6.62 5.12 5.78 70TH 15.38 5TH 14.91 14.84 B0TH 15.01 95TH 16.25 IST 13.66 45TH 15.39 15.30 2ND 14.08 14.51 6.31 5.15 5.55 5.84 5.18 99TH 16.02 5.61 35TH 14.56 25TH 14.54 13.81 5.66 5.76 14.29 6.18 5.72 5.48 13.23 6.09 5.69 6.75 5.27 6.43 6.68 5.07 5.70 55TH 15.88 5.49 15TH 14.33 15.25 V15.88 85TH 15.86 6.46 5.08 6.52 b.86 14.34 15.45 10TH 14.63 40TH 15.80 14.93 90TH 15.25 5.68 50TH 15.05 14.61 5.

16.00 SE(MEAN) .35 45 2.97 14.4% COEF.45 13 .95 .27 13.55 .15 0 .03 2036 92.76 13.25 .35 15 .45 . 13. 14.45 0 .47 67 3.05 13.85 .53 1969 89.54 26 1. 15.23 SYMMETRY---VETA I .55 114 6. 13.95 96 5.05 .00 SE(MEAN) .96 12.05 12. 14.06 48 2.86 1669 94. 12.70 0 .65 .45 117 6.24 14.00 1 .25 446 20.85 .04 48 2.18 12. 14.25 152 8.15 0 . 13.36 2190 99.06 2 . 16. 13.80 MINIMUM 5.Ou 1 .73 86 3. 15.65 .65 .00 2207 99.17 1Ci5 57..30 1891 85. 13.89 17. 13.05 2209 100.75 .22 49 2.95 16. 16. .95 16.70 MAXIMUM 6.15 134 7.65 0 .00 6 . OF VARIATTON = 3.18 15.65 7 . 17.95 16.06 1773 99.18 14.00 2207 99.45 .35 129 7. 14.75 3 .36 14 . 15. 14.04 16.49 STD DEVIATION .06 12 .81 SYMBTRY---VETA I = .28 82 3.71 244 11.20 13.41 2182 98.06 8 .63 13.45 10 .05 .68 4 .75 .06 24 1.52 387 21. 16.17 5 .22 3 .35 0 . 12.. 14.95 2154 97.25 26 1.08 19 .15 .27 2207 99.89 17.05 .15 0 .45 .65 1 .25 .60 MINIMUM 4.06 2 n9 4 .82 141 6.25 .00 1772 99.82 15.95 0 .95 14. 15.00 2207 99.55 #1 3.00 12. 14.28 289 16.85 1 .09 12.45 .75 .55 8 . 3.29 173 7.05 10 . 15.14 0 .02 1464 82.92 1703 96.00 16. 16.00 2 .65 .00 1 . 16.93 78 3.75 79 4.01 180 8.18 13.54 112 6.00 .56 41 2.95 .39 1766 99.56 1751 98.50 37 1.00 1 .44 MEAN VALUE 5.05 0 .60 15.30 1726 97.25 .41 602 33.55 .85 1 . 16.12 14.14 2199 99.55 .85 .31 182 8.85 .15 .79 596 26.49 21 . 3.00 . 1591 89. 15.05 .44 213 12.85 119 6.06 1 .55 870 49.55 1 .09 61 2.32 COEF.57 165 7. 14.18 2196 99.98 2 .78 205 9.75 .93 16.00 193 .23 1770 99.18 116 5. 12.28 983 44.15 .97 1137 51.68 16. 17.57 17. HEAD BREADTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 14.77 16.21 .95 0 . 13. 14.25 1 .49 67 3.46 15.17 109 4. 14.06 1 .00 .75 .55 0 .75 4 .54 STD DEVIATION .34 13.35 .40 162 7.05 1 .95 .05 33 1.00 2207 99.05 134 7.35 .35 .35 1 . OF VARIATION .65 89 5.22 2133 96. 12.49 14.95 . 15. 15.09 2201 99.13 KURTOSIS---VETA II .05 1 .95 8 .65 76 4.27 1144 64.00 1 .24 778 35.95 .86 2173 99. 13.5: 8 .75 0 .05 .45 40 2. 16.55 .97 .94 13.11 53 2. 15.55 .68 13.35 .34 14. 17.85 48 2.45 21 1.84 1655 74.15 .95 16.85 8 .6% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumlPct CENTIMETIRS F Vpct Cump Cumfpct 1 .28 15.54 1636 92.u9 6 .00 1 .17 MEAN VALUE 5. 17.05 12. 16.89 330 14. 15.09 2192 99.83 16. 13.29 0 .52 95 4.00 1 . 13.00 1 .43 1375 77.39 1796 81.00 1771 99.15 10 . 16.85 .31 154 6.95 16.55 736 41.00 1 .17 2084 94.05 2 .15 .52 KURTOSIS---VETA II .71 506 28.45 1543 86.75 150 6.95 45 2.59 15. 3.75 98 5.25 .64 14.15 34 1.06 2 .00 SE(STD DEV) .99 14.06 1772 99.56 31 1.19 .47 1302 58.65 .06 1771 99.05 12.41 15.94 17.25 23 1.21 15.15 1482 67.69 15.25 145 8.30 MAXIMUM 6.7.85 1741 98.".55 .38 15.06 1774 100.25 0 .45 1759 99.06 11 .51 9 .60 1261 71.95 13.52 14.00 SE(STD DEV) .

34 22.55 21.78 70TH 57.56 22.32 20.57 5TH 54.71 65TH 57.37 22.69 20.60 21.94 22. __ __ THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CH INCHES 51.84 53.96 21.77 20.27 54.81 21.75 22.93 21.65 23.54 22.45 22.33 22.36 40TH 56.20 30TH 55.17 22.12 .10 23.23 52.99 99TH 60.12 25TH 55.34 20.44 3RD 53.27 21.76 98TH 60.65 21.24 21.77 21.53 57.97 56.08 85TH 58.42 21.03 54.43 45TH 56.75 55.41 21.18 21.13 20.79 21.13 22.37 57.63 60TH 57.72 53.03 22.82 22.77 23.85 56.42 .47 21.95 21.46 95TH 59.25 20.66 58.37 52.07 22.94 53. S. 54.49 55.92 15TH 55.87 75TH 57.05 22.14 21.21 1ST 53.48 22.50 50TH 56.73 21.92 20.99 51. 57.23 90TH 58.57 55.06 21.56 55TH 56.28 35TH 56.77 22.40 22.78 10TH 54.58 53.35 23.96 22.35 2ND 53.33 21.96 80TH 58.34 54.14 51.03 20TH 55.65 55.(61) HEAD CIRCUMFERENCE The maximum circumference of the head above the attachment of the ears to the head is measured with a tape passing just above the ridges of the eyebrows and around the back of the head.69 21.73 23.11 54.88 194 .63 97TH 59.19 54.

10 .96 86 3.70 MAXIMUM 24.06 62.38 41 1.56 21 1.85 5 .75 54.85 .03 SE(STD DEV) .86 59.11 11 .10 2 .97 1563 88.10 0 .17 1 .10 .41 57. 53.60 30 1. 55.77 1 .27 10 . .85 .00 .60 57.35 .59 25 1. 61.26 1999 90.72 217 9.47 793 44.46 STD DEVIATION .05 58.41 24 1.29 1 .68 50.85 132 7.06 1769 99.54 2155 97. 50.58 1. 60.60 7 .10 9 .68 54.10 16 .95 60.10 2 .72 61. 51.60 .36 32 1. 55.69 SYMMETRY---VETA I .10 KURTOSIS---VETA II w 3.65 .10 67 3.85 .89 574 32.85 102 5.52.52.45 2183 98.99 1844 83.60 35 1.85 .80 1778 80.93 0 .76 1949 88.32 1 .01 1724 97.00 50. 2.14 50. HEAD CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES INCHES CM INCHES 54.00 2207 99.7)1 163 7.60 .59 52.60 58 3.73 58.49 5 . 59.50 56. OF VARIATION . 57.00 195 .85 1 .70 78 3.53 56.02 SE(STD DEV) .03 1691 95.09 3 .60 .68 58.55 0 .10 49 2.19 57.53 55.85 45 2. 53. 56. 62.58 242 10.19 SYMMETRY---VETA I .79 1018 57.60 .47 66 2.60 .20 56.18 0 .11 14 .23 50 2. 52.46 52.90 66 3.52 162 7.45 50.95 60.09 2207 99.27 373 21.00 1773 99.35 90 5.35 .74 13 .60 .00 2207 99.89 1158 65.06 1773 99.35 . 50.94 62.35 35 1.34 KURTOSIS---VETA II .03 SE(MEAN) .85 .35 .62 51.89 933 52.00 1773 99.7% COEF.52. 60.40 MINIMUM 20. 50. 61. OF VARIATION .10 2 .85 23 1. 58. 62.07 771 34.06 21 .60 .94 61.28 12 .85 .16 COEF.94 62.10 .62 52.23 50. 58. 58.60 .23 15 .89 497 22.06 2 .60 1 .05 2203 99.35 1 .36 105 4.60 3 .10 . 62.10 69 3.35 6 .86 59.97 101 5.61 53.94 62.35 .66 1 .75 1357 76.10 . 54.00 .35 8 .51 55.18 2187 99.35 .30 50 2.09 51. 55.76 104 4.10 .66 1628 91.60 97 5.23 9 .05 2208 100.35 .11 1768 99.23 10 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct Cum? CumFPct CENTIHZTXRS F Fpct Cumyi CumyPot 1 .85 1 . 53.11 44 1.60 .02 55.06 1 .86 1528 86.60 15 .93 1119 50.00 MINIMUM 19. 54.35 36 2.00 2205 99.24 61.87 58.35 .85 65 3.17 1772 99. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .44 505 28.52 1655 93.54 176 9. 53. 59. 61.00 1.27 56.82 112 5. 56.68 178 8. 54.7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .10 6 .35 18 1.60 10 .10 .05 2205 99.99 124 5.07 56.23 2173 98. 59.60 .00 2207 99.06 5 .63 2201 99. 55.92 106 4. 60.35 122 6.60 97 5.04 SE(MEAN) .76 225 12.73 S5.80 1368 61.23 39 1.10 0 .85 .62 111 5.60 5 .62 MEAN VALUE 21.35 104 5.85 11 .10 85 4.3S .03 411 18.05 2202 99.11 27 1.52 2 .85 1 .77 MEAN VALUE 22.85 140 7.28 79 3.85 .60 .34 659 29 8 53.60 0 l00 1773 99.77 59. 60. 62.35 .53 2077 94.51 58 2.38 52. 57.95 .05 2204 99.07 315 17.35 .86 2143 97.16 54.89 61.10 .10 .40 51. 57.83 968 44. 2.95 60. 50.54 STD DEVIATION %0 .51. 57.59 2168 98.35 140 7.88 696 39.60 1 . 3.85 .96 54.85 18 1.05 49.82 59.00 2 .85 .06 1774 100.85 1706 96.05 1 .69 51.10 .85 4 .62 1766 99.53 0 .78 1424 80.00 61. 61.35 2 .10 .06 1546 70.01 1748 98.35 2 .85 .47 1255 70.34 17 . 54. 58. 51. 59. 51.35 0 .10 .60 .06 57.13 2101 95.22 80 3.92 53.35 .10 27 1.60 .51 53.34 1730 97.09 5 .03 128 5.63 300 13.35 .10 .13 4 .95 53 2.10 MAXIMUM 24.69 131 5.45 51.95 60.11 4 .69 131 7.38 143 6.35 .48 1262 57. 56.39 1755 98. 56.71 1650 74.

63 6.53 7.90 7.77 95TH 20.74 7.78 1ST 18.31 40TH 19.01 8.66 18.38 6.82 7.72 7.28 35TH 19.32 20.44 60TH 19.39 7.90 7.38 50TH 19.80 18.54 7.58 80TH 20.47 65TH 19.75 7.95 99TH 21.41 55TH 19.26 7.08 7.11 19.04 19.48 7.16 7.60 8.98 7.34 8.95 19.07 7.34 45TH 19.62 16.94 5TH 18.47 18.84 2ND 18.40 18.63 85TH 20.91 19.81 7.99 7.69 90TH 20.53 7.69 18.83 97TH 21.24 30TH 19.30 7.99 7.99 19.66 7.29 7.04 10TH 18.21 19.30 17.17 7.88 3RD 18.63 7.58 18.09 17.53 18.35 7.54 75TH 20.48 6.57 7.16 20TH 19.83 18.10 15TH 18.23 17.18 7.36 7.13 7.27 20.76 19.90 7.81 7.87 19.19 7.40 196 .45 7.38 7.04 7.01 7.51 70TH 20.85 8.87 7.23 6. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CH INCHES 17.23 7.02 7.18 17.20 25TH 19.43 8.14 8.73 18.88 98TH 21.25 7.(62) HEAD LENGTH The distance from the glabella landmark between the browridges to the posterior point on the back of the head is measured with a spreading caliper.

75 63 3.05 3 .15 . 19.00 .37 19. 21.06 50 2.05 15. 18.75 . 15.95 8 .15 118 6. 21.55 .99 21.95 .75 4 . 3.09 16.81 21.23 6 .19 709 39.26 84 3.18 18.32 16.72 917 51. 18.25 .86 20. 17.23 2205 99. 17. 19.35 . 16.95 .09 2207 99.75 .11 19.00 SE(STD DEV) .92 19.71 STD DEVIATION .00 S3(STD DEV) . 21.02 SE(MEA) .09 238 10. 21.95 .U3 546 30. 20.55 .45 1764 99.79 153 6.95 18. 06 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.59 94 5.78 19.64 17.55 .65 368 20. 21.25 21.12 2100 95.45 14 .69 218 9.01 49 2.14 16.14 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.15 . 17.86 34 1.95 .35 1 .71 MEAN VALUE 7.55 1 . 20.28 .06 1 .64 STD DEVIATION .99 19.71 229 10.83 21.75 85 4.78 19.55 46 2. 18. 18.85 260 11.95 58 3.37 857 38.72 MEAN VALUE 7.75 208 11.95 .81 18.75 3 .15 19 . HEAD LENGTH FEMALES MALES INCHES CM 18.15 183 10.57 17.55 .55 .15 .00 MAXIMUM 8.74 225 10.11 1773 99.22 17.55 157 8.73 1756 98. 19.15 .35 175 9.44 18.81 1568 88.10 MAXIMJM 8.80 MINIMUM 6.35 .18 2 .95 .35 . 20. OF VARIATION = 3.55 103 5.00 20. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F Flat Cump CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct Cump CumFPct 1 .05 2 .45 1 .93 410 18.75 .44 21.54 17. 11 SYMMETRY---VETA I a -.40 22 1.75 .95 20. 16.76 .35 178 10. 19.15 16 .66 17.35 .55 1 .15 .95 190 10.32 1290 72.86 20.00 2181 98.16.34 110 4.75 .78 1390 62.05 15.06 2 .31 22.27 1711 96.55 .07 2009 90.05 COEF. 20.19 1853 83.78 1628 73.05 1 .14 7 .87 628 28.35 .15 .06 1774 100.00 .75 .15 1 . 19.15 32 1.78 156 7.95 2 . 20.00 197 .00 15.24 250 14.79 1653 93.05 2208 100.75 .58 5 .64 20.39 1771 99.55 163 9. 22.55 8 .00 1 .98 257 11.30 273 12.05 4 .30 MINIMUM 6.68 16.95 8 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .39 0 .95 0 . 17. OF VARIATION .11 63 2.67 2159 97.4% COEF.36 15 .15 1 . 16. 18.69 59 2.36 1130 51.35 .6% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .97 91 4.18 16.75 7 .86 1465 82.71 1107 62.85 147 6.35 1 .80 1743 98.00 2205 99.95 93 5. 17.00 .35 13 .813 17.95 .94 21.90 30 1.66 SYMMETRY---VETA I m -.35 18 1.72 19 .73 18.00 SE(MEAN) .86 2200 99. 16.

49 13.(63) HEEL ANKLE CIRCUMFERENCE The circumference of the right foot at the ankle and base of the heel is measured with a tape passing over the point at which the heel first contacts the table and over the dorsal- juncture-of-the-foot-and-leg landmark at the front of the ankle.07 11.11 14.29 98TH 37.71 13.68 30TH 33.94 12.96 13.58 11.91 29.44 11.75 90TH 35.93 27.91 29.38 75TH 34.22 12.46 14.93 3RD 30.29 12.09 30.69 12.24 13.06 55TH 34.99 14.82 12.31 11.21 11.85 2ND 30.67 13.08 11.27 13.69 29.61 33.93 11.25 13.29 70TH 34.75 34.04 14.17 33.77 10.41 30.73 1ST 30.67 31.58 31.21 65TH 34.99 50TH 33.50 20TH 32.06 STH 31.16 97TH 37.46 11.25 10.69 12.44 12.68 11.01 29.63 12.76 35TH 33.56 14.98 198 .54 28. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM ICHES CM INCHES 27.84 40TH 33.53 12.18 28.23 12.03 13.38 12.43 13.91 45TH 33.46 13.99 12.34 13.56 10.25 30.76 13.87 / ~31. The subject stands with the feet about 10 cm apart and the weight distributed equally on both feet.49 31.43 33.00 32.87 13.99 95TH 36.88 11.32 28.80 12.01 12.13 60TH 34.17 30.52 99TH 38.60 85TH 35.07 13.76 31.84 12.65 14.08 27.26 11.60 25TH 32.39 15TH 32.33 30.48 80TH 35.00 12.25 1OTH 31.

14 4 .50 MAXIMUM 14.25 .79 29.75 2 .02 S2{STD DEV) .23 4 .06 1774 100.25 45 2.05 2207 99.63 STD DEVIATION .88 30.48 32. 31. 36. 35.00 33.75 .75 81 4.75 . 32.88 447 20.75 . 34.9% COEF.75 119 6.37 0 .23 1768 99.75 .11 6 .70 MINIMUM 10.6 27.75 4 .47 1431 80.44 418 23.25 3 .95 35. 25.25 .25 . 31.75 3 .25 .25 .75 .34 285 12.91 34. OF VARIATION = 4.12 28.00 26.24 28.78 33.25 .18 KURTOSIS---VETA II .25 39 1. 32.34 1940 87.68 22 1.10 36.32 26.25 .48 MEAN VALUE 12.16 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 27.65 37. 38.01 1750 98.25 3 .62 2064 93.75 . 38.44 38.65 1778 80.03 SE(STD DEV) .00 . 26.75 71 3. 3.75 60 3.57 156 8.40 1042 58.71 1 .56 64 2. 39. 34.83 :9.12 124 5.75 .19 33.11 1773 99.02 1. 26.46 34.75 18 1.83 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .68 2196 99.33 286 16.20 75 4.25 220 12.25 168 9.75 .22 132 5.54 .35 .75 196 8.38 1687 95.25 .39 251 11. 35.86 31.45 2206 99.90 2128 96.21 SYMMETRY---VNTA I . 29.75 .1 25.00 36.18 36 2.25 .95 35.94 39.37 40.53 31.05 2208 100.25 9 .34 13 .20 10 . 28.98 27.94 612 34.25 194 10.59 1.17 1771 99.25 4 .74 15 .79 1764 99.59 2181 98.14 7 .46 1263 71.25 77 4. 29.25 .75 132 7.81 2168 98.15 .75 221 12.05 1 . 30.34 36.25 39 2.75 2 .66 28.67 1 .05 25.25 14 .75 21 1.00 25.20 MAXIMUM 15.71 1550 87.80 MINIMUM 11. 36. 33.75 . HEEL ANKLE CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 30.04 SE(EAl) .16 COEF.55 702 31.90 MEAN VALUE 13.25 1 .03 SE (MKAq) o00 .55 1565 70.75 210 11.37 28. 37. OF VARIATION = 4A% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES V FPct CuMF Cuni]pct CENTIMETERS F Fict CuzrF CUMFPct 1 .34 1627 91.25 . 39.84 822 46.00 199 .03 277 12.63 37.85 301 13.75 .25 130 7.49 STD DEVIATION .51 15 . 40.63 1288 58.33 30.25 119 5.75 .75 15 .75 .77 61 2.54 1732 97.25 . 27.70 29.23 255 11.79 162 7.75 .00 2207 99. 37. 28. 30.50 40 1.23 213 9.25 .25 . 33.91 987 44.38 32.75 .

60 75TH 7.71 90TH 7.57 70TH 7.98 6.20 7.03 2.33 2.93 6.10 2.23 2.87 97TH 8.78 2.16 3RD 6. is measured with a Holtain caliper. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 5.68 85TH 7.27 2.98 99TH 8.37 30TH 6.48 2.56 2.38 2.71 2.95 3.41 2.71 2.62 6.71 3.67 6.04 7.13 2ND 6.03 2.25 7.53 2.64 2.29 15TH 6.34 2.46 2.94 2.80 2.35 5.64 6.61 2.07 2.77 6.69 6.1Z 3.69 2.64 BOTH 7.72 6.97 2.21 2.39 5.24 3.55 5.39 2.51 5.28 2.(64) HEEL BREADTH The maximum horizontal distance between the medial and lateral points on the inside and outside of the right heel.57 2.25 2.09 2.44 2.42 40TH 6. The subject stands with the feet about 10 cm apart and the weight distributed equally on both feet.49 55TH 7.45 5.96 2.81 95TH 7.90 2.32 2.32 20TH 6.45 3.99 6.15 2.14 2.19 5TH 6.40 35TH 6.81 2.97 2.09 1ST 5.13 7.14 2.39 2.25 10TH 6.47 50TH 6. The measurement is taken just above the level of the standing surface at the most protruding points of the curvature of the heel.35 25TH 6.86 6. at or posterior to the lateral malleolus landmark.82 6.56 2.33 200 .59 5.42 5.91 98TH 8.84 2.74 6.89 2.52 60TH 7.44 45TH 6.17 2.48 2.80 6.54 65TH 7.57 2.

5.51 7.50 MINIMUM 2.65 109 6.34 5. 16 .45 26 1.82 37 1.77 148 6.85 1723 97. 6. 6.60 35 1.16 5.28 1769 99.69 168 7.29 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.30 MEAN VALUE 2.11 1774 100.25 6. 8. 8.14 5. 6.70 1 .41 SYMMETRY---VETA I .95 8.00 8. 7.55 .25 48 2.69 60 3.45 .18 70 3. OF VARIATION = 7.75 .08 162 7.36 COEF. 5.25 10 . 7.63 5.54 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .08 6.69 1647 92.18 5.15 13 .75 .24 6. 5.00 2207 99.23 129 5.25 .17 7 .00 SE(STD DEV) . 6.30 301 13.05 32 1. 6.85 30 1. 7.00 SE(STD DEV) .78 7.61 885 40.45 12 .29 167 7.01 30 1.84 3 .38 837 47.61 6.05 2 .55 .97 5.55 115 6.65 60 3.05 .05 .32 8. 7.89 8.11 1764 99.06 1 .77 7.83 8.00 2 .01 MEAN VALUE 2.10 8.80 1708 96.13 0 .11 139 6.00 MINIMUM 1.09 181 8.68 209 9.7% COEF.75 .47 717 32.56 7 .80 68 3.95 1 .15 .5% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES r FPCt CiimF CumPct CENTIMETERS p FPct CumF CumlPct 1 .17 8. 5.38 184 8.00 MAXIMUM 3.75 133 7.15 30 1.95 .35 13 .41 6. 5.45 42 1.00 6.95 8 .64 1008 56.85 2 .85 . 5. 6.35 .41 2185 98.75 0 .48 333 18.15 .64 7.38 706 39.09 3 .33 6.35 .25 .00 .85 2 .11 4 .45 .20 1860 84.45 .05 .36 5.05 . 5. 5.39 1758 99. 8.95 .95 29 1.35 82 4.59 .21 .00 2203 99.32 2192 99. 8.53 379 17.84 508 23. 8.19 .14 2203 99.73 1751 98. 5.90 94 4.14 442 24.01 5.05 1 .55 4 .25 114 6.35 .03 28 1.45 7 . HEEL BREADTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 6.76 1921 87.35 26 1.05 171 9.95 .56 1575 71.05 4.28 4 .08 6. 8. 8.11 1771 99.85 .05 18 1.18 2207 99. 7.44 8.15 . 6.78 1146 64. 5.00 SE(MEAN) .93 7.00 5.00 .16 1408 63. 6. 7.00 2207 99.17 2059 93.50 575 32.65 17 .55 .55 79 4.36 158 7.63 i676 94.65 .00 201 .28 7.48 STD DEVIATION .65 2 .75 .59 2131 96. 8.77 6. 9.92 137 6.95 .06 1772 99.25 15 .59 7.53 STD DEVIATION .00 SE(MEAN) .05 2208 100.65 .76 .45 1511 85.06 68 3.95 131 7.27 2159 97.55 1 .85 .47 5.93 218 12.97 0 .20 1250 56.75 5 . 6.08 1989 90.35 58 3. 7.31 9.03 6.77 2176 98. 7. OF VARIATION = 7.70 1723 78.55 .25 .77 7.85 131 7.06 2 . 6.15 15 .59 1617 91. 8.45 52 2.45 . 8.33 1069 48.25 .00 .72 5.32 2199 99.85 1738 97.95 8.26 5.49 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.15 1 .45 90 5.68 2096 94. 7.05 2 .72 9 .38 1571 88.18 52 2.55 7.95 8.72 8.11 78 3.41 61 2.05 2200 99.07 1432 80.48 7.95 .15 .62 1342 75.43 1260 71.15 138 7.96 7.65 .71 108 6.35 .23 1762 99.75 46 2.27 166 9.48 0 .85 .65 1 . 7.65 .40 MAXIMUM 3.

58 11.12 5TH 30.22 15.23 40TH 33.21 40.44 13.63 K~:\35.70 12.75 99TH 39.88 30.36 13.78 12.28 37.65 90TH 36.65 14.05 39.01 13.22 80TH 35.35 12.21 14.56 55TH 34.97 12.49 13.11 36.18 13.97 36.01 30.73 13.62 13.35 11.92 33.53 34.67 60TH 34. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 29.64 1i.19 31.24 15.39 10TH 31.89 13.48 202 .81 12.65 32.87 13.12 12.59 14.49 12. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.41 85TH 36.15 13.05 11.36 13.82 14.67 30.50 .00 15.02 95TH 37.87 25TH 32.15 15.96 12.82 38.79 32.31 13.27 14.06 75TH 35.32 15.18 11.65 1ST 29.24 33.92 70TH 35.33 34.34 45TH 33.12 13.62 13. 38.66 12.14 33.10 13.71 14.03 13.11 35TH 33.46 31.(65) HIP BREADTH The horizontal distance between the lateral buttock landmarks on the sides of the hips is measured with a beam caliper.74 20TH 32.64 15.45 50TH 34.45 98TH 38.51 12.37 13.85 14.27 97TH 38.95 3RD 30.87 13.74 35.00 30TH 33.59 13.85 35.12 14.58 15TH 32.83 2ND 30.03 33.77 15.79 65TH 34.43 34.47 12.

93 31.80 .12 2002 90.15 766 34.27 29.67 1395 78.21 945 42. 37. 31. 35.24 50 2.27 2207 99.05 35.14 1692 95. 38.63 28. 36.45 14 . 42. 34.00 1 .05 1 .18 54 2.18 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.27 MEAN VALUE 13.25 60 3.81 179 8.39 180 8.00 1 .37 210 9.75 4 .57 200 11.03 SE(STD DRV) .75 .75 3 .00 . 33.24 188 8.20 1657 75.11 2 .17 1774 Z00.85 91 4.41 40.54 41.03 STD DEVIATION .95 2165 98. 32.30 26 1. 29.25 3 .75 81 4.78 90 4.25 .93 119 6.61 10 .45 29.54 415 23.29 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .25 .06 1771 99.75 28 1.20 MINIMUM 11.25 .25 .41 582 32. 39.79 1738 97. 41.75 0 .01 1756 98.59 2144 97.38 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .64 134 6.15 COEF.75 .18 28.75 116 6. 28.83 6 .9% NUMBER OF SUHJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumP Cumimpct CRNTIMETERS F FPct CumF Cumpt 1 .05 SX(MEAN) .25 .39 30.60 MAXIMUM 16.25 0 .25 .05 38.75 .75 .29 155 7.85 190 8.25 2 . 34.25 154 8.88 2.49 34.99 15 . 41.75 11 .75 .03 SE(STD DEV) .21 280 12.51 1133 51.63 28. 33.73 39.25 162 9. 40.25 .46 120 5.75 .05 SE(MEAN) .18 35 1.25 .25 99 5. 36.58 2109 95.97 21 . 27.63 28 1.38 57 2.34 10 .34 12 .75 .25 0 .00 1 .75 . 38.08 187 8.38 1654 93.54 32.25 203 .25 .75 136 7.51 1343 60.25 6 .31 3i.02 2.23 6 .68 14 .68 2180 98.75 1 .82 1516 85.75 176 9.00 1771 99.68 31.43 767 43.80 33.25 .62 1767 99.75 11 . 30.52 37. 28.25 .75 . 39.11 35. 27.58 299 16.10 38. 31.75 .75 .92 1105 62.25 18 1.43 1911 86.55 36.20 43 1.10 42.75 185 10.75 .02 .25 16 .75 14 .75 .13 929 52.40 1594 89.71 93 4.01 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.75 78 4.02 1498 67.05 2208 100.11 3 .18 39.68 40.26 2052 92.46 .47 30.83 6 . OF VARIATION = 6. 32.82 34.84 34.95 41.45 2190 99.00 MINIMUM 10.80 1724 97.93 37.25 167 9.00 27.67 36.27 2201 99.25 52 2.90 39 2.07 1791 81.27 116 5.61 586 26.00 MAXIMUM 16.62 23 1.17 1770 99.5% COEF.00 41.25 121 6.25 .97 159 7. OF VARIATION = 5. 29.77 5 .05 27.25 396 17.75 .25 . 37.25 32 1. 35.75 .69 32.05 27.75 38 2. 40.58 67 3.25 .24 STD DEVIATION .05 26.14 4 . 30.25 .68 1259 70. HIP BREADTH FEMALES MALES CM INCHES Cm INCHES 34.75 .18 MEAN VALUE 13.23 2195 99.95 97 4.

33 12.26 41.24 13.90 12.32 16.78 I"43.94 45TH 36.52 98TH 42.36 38.07 15.27 85TH 39.75 36.15 13.C> I ~ 42.45 36.91 13.08 16. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CH INCUS 32.67 35TH 35.00 16.77 15.24 cff' 38.21 55TH 36.31 97TH 41.79 14.24 35.49 38.12 31.25 14.48 14.75 39.38 25TH 34.63 15.93 204 .86 14.49 17.90 14.72 13.25 13. 33.81 10TH 33.84 99TH 43.53 30TH 35.94 35.33 13.35 60TH 37.56 13.28 3RD 32.21 15.88 1ST 31.96 17.66 45.15 12.60 36.80 40TH 35.77 15.28 15.99 15.71 12.62 39.06 13.84 16.11 14.57 90TH 40.49 \.52 14.26 .12 14.36 15.56 '0 4 33.03 15TH 34.32 17.48 5TH 32.22 20TH 34.03 80TH 38. The subject sits erect with the feet and knees together.94 14.88 37.07 50TH 36.12 2ND 31. SITTING The distance betwren the lateral points of the hips or thighs (whichever are broader) is measured with a beam caliper.64 13.56 14.07 ((A 40.72 16.90 40.47 14.32 16.16 14.86 14.65 14.66 70TH 37.83 75TH 38.00 37.60 14.28 15.(66) HIP BREADTH.50 65TH 37.34 15.73 34.87 12.47 44.

25 107 6.99 53C 30.80 MINIMUM 12.60 27 1.88 40 1.16 1774 80. 38.03 1694 95.50 31.45 MEAN VALUE 15.25 .68 46.25 .75 . 48.00 1772 99.25 9 .40 2025 91.25 23 1.75 8 . 43.06 15 .57 42.00 1773 99.05 2202 99.26 1868 84.01 1735 97.94 1 .02 2.13 29.62 37.25 .06 SE(MEAN) .09 2204 99.86 47.21 105 4.55 670 37.91 48.25 1 .61 38.58 8 .82 47.22 COEF.75 205 . 34.86 2066 93. SITTING FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 38.75 134 7.11 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.75 .75 . 31.25 .99 141 6.75 .36 11 .25 .75 3 .99 .02 .02 42. 44.95 48.75 6 .94 2 .13 2 .49 82 3.43 1083 49.99 35.75 76 4. OF VARIATION = 6.46 94 4.77 121 5. O? VARIATION = 7.75 .00 1773 99.05 37.88 412 23.94 1 .75 .30. 34.50 139 6.60 40. 49.05 2205 99.25 151 8.63 2185 98.30 MAXIMUM 19.32 41.77 49. 41.44 .32 44.9% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CuMF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CuMF CumFPct 29.25 .25 .75 60 3.23 4 .25 138 7.48 780 35.56 43. 47.45 28 1.30 1530 69.22 66 2.89 1660 75.03 1322 74.75 .04 SE(STD DEV) .76 353 15.75 21 1.05 30.68 39 1.32.89 6 .52 167 7.75 .28 163 7.95 161 7.30 1717 96. 42.75 116 6.72 STD DEVIATION 1.05 1 .96 1752 98.34 10 .38 637 28.07 2.25 .56 1 . 39.75 .75 0 .25 45 2.00 49. 38. 45.25 .00 1773 99.25 .15 124 6.75 97 5.28 1772 99.06 1773 99.09 2201 99.02 . 35.25 .75 .87 13 . 49.75 .25 0 .25 .80 33. 47.00 1 .25 4 .25 61 3.22 79 3.59 24 1.51 821 46.71 41. 37.35 63 2.73 46.23 45.75 1 .27 34 1.81 106 4.25 . 30.31.39 1391 -3.32 114 5. 44.00 38. 33.75 140 7. 36.75 23 1.25 .25 10 .25 0 .34 40.29 941 42.25 .49 142 6. 41.68 MEAN VALUE 14.00 1772 99.05 2206 99.33 36. 46.45 2098 95.25 .18 39.75 .14 36.85 36.13 2157 97.75 5 .75 .59 45.27 2191 99.18 72 4.88 130 5. 40.17 143 6. HIP BREADTH.06 1774 100. 39.76 32 1.75 .25 .75 .14 31.29 39.36 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.94 2 .79 75 3.75 .00 1773 99.51 1499 84.75 3 . 42. 48.09 32.56 20 1.36 2199 99.30 51 2.80 41 1.75 0 .69 43.23 34. 40.51 1761 99. 43. 45.85 169 7.75 17 .25 .06 SE(MEAN) .75 .25 1 .25 18 1.05 2208 100.44 25 1.17 1764 99.25 .38 1559 87.96 44.47 290 16.89 8 .25 97 5.75 38 2.1% COEF.54 117 6.41 48. 36.89 14 .47 35.52 STD DEVIATION .34 SYMMETRY---VETA I = . 32.09 3 .63 2171 98.23 30.54 2132 96.94 1 .71 1950 88.28 193 10.77 32.25 80 4.75 0 .61 14 .14 1658 93.89 961 54.17 1767 99.78 1099 61. 37.90 MINIMUM 11.25 0 .04 SE(STD DEV) .54 1215 68.58 248 11.47 1419 79.75 .65 34.05 2207 99.02 30. 46.40 MAXIMUM 19.25 .75 .25 36 2.06 SYMMETRY---VETA I 0 . 33.44 1620 91.48 474 21.99 33.56 1250 56.75 .75 122 6. 35.

17 75TH 110.69 44.63 45TH 106.52 42.67 97TH 117.56 " 91.66 89.07 38.63 99TH 119.15 46.04 98TH 117.52 38.90 38.45 3RD 97.60 39.32 20TH 102.36 U 105.05 35.55 95.(67) ILIOCRISTALF HEIGHT The vertical distance between a standing surface and the iliocristale landmark on the top of the right side of the pelvis is measured with an anthropometer. 99.15 35TH 105.94 38.90 30TH 104.87 96.89 45.18 94.90 40.00 101.16 96.95 43.05 40.53 10TH 100.88 / 107.41 90TH 114.79 37.88 5TH 99.79 36.29 39.07 46.04 40.51 80TH 111.96 103.12 42.87 50TH 107.22 90.86 39.00 44.63 1ST 95.81 40.90 36.33 43.13 35.44 97.39 40TH 105.90 40.88 70TH 109.75 43.29 102.91 206 .66 37. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.70 98.82 43.56 41.09 109.33 39. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.90 85TH 112.24 35.71 93.18 41.60 'I 102.65 43.86 42.56 37.42 110.97 15TH 102.35 60TH 108.12 38.95 39.73 t100.10 39.17 95TH 115.13 2ND 97.39 42.25 41. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 87.61 65TH 109.11 55TH 107.21 99.21 42.02 92.63 108.46 .22 41.56 41.26 37.91 41.62 25TH 103.95 34.73 38.91 46.95 98.99 40.

55 . 91. . 93.02 116 5.42 1720 96.10 91.110.00 117.127.97 95. 102.06 1 .27 1677 94.55 2 .82.05 81. 94.93 22 1.21 1932 87.55 .55 .53 117.20 1253 56.55 2 .55 17 . 96.75 407 22.55 35 1.72 939 52.05 80.65 525 29.82 34 1.91 109.92 1301 73.00 1 .b5 802 45.09 82.94 131.00 207 .55 118 6. 95.34 MEAN VALUE 42.10 119.94 130.89 127.55 73 4.125.06 44 1. 128.55 .09 87.55 .02 .64 184 8.05 2208 100.99 124 5.115.55 .55 75 4.55 .55 18 .55 21 1.36 85.00 2204 99.00 1772 99.45 2002 94. 12 1 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CuMF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct Cum? CumWPct 1 .55 60 3.89 126.96 A4 2.21 40 1.06 1773 99.55 0 .06 1774 100.10 SE(MZAN) .55 143 8.118.89 125.70 93.90 157 7.55 .00 1 .55 0 .112.88 0 .55 .80 MAXIMUM 46.1: 1772 99.18 84.55 4 .09 4 .55 110.122.38 131.55 0 .50 MINIMUM 32.50 103.55 61 3.82 113.81.55 6 .65 1196 67.55 1 .55 .66 181 8.55 .55 0 .07 1593 72.08 156 7.56 136 6.06 12 .55 137 7..44 161 9. 100.9% COBF.33 1072 48.77 2 . 104.19 130 5.12 SE(QEAN) .84 1078 60.55 .20 1411 79.38 1619 91.5 i05 S .89 128.82 112.17 87 3.62 90. 13-.62 89.00 2207 99.55 118 6. OF VARIATION = 4. 106.06 668 37.55 .63 2198 99.95 231 13.55 .123.11 1768 99. 92.55 .55 . 88.85.05 2 .70 MAXIMUM 51.15 100.55 .83.94 93 4.00 2207 99.53 118.85 104. 132.97 100 5.09 83.55 1 .07 SE(STD DEV) .18 65 3.55 0 .11 706 31.55 134 7.05 4.22 96.126.13 SYMMETRY---VETA I .55 139 7.06 2 .55 .55 .05 1 .55 .00 1 .75 98.55 .87.00 1773 95.55 0 .26 .52 182 8.55 .29 105.111.Fi 1 .55 .53 0 .03 .35 2028 92.55 110 6.55 .00 2 .55 58 3.86 94.55 .16 549 24.55 .55 2 .90 5.55 .56 1750 99. 108.114.06 3 .95 115.55 . 109.36 16 .77 2184 98. 0 . 99.89 123.06 4 .00 1773 99.04 .06 34 1.55 102 5.55 14 .72 86.124.55 120.55 0 .55 8 .66 413 18.95 114.96 0 .55 .00 1772 99.113.93 107. 105.55 .55 2 .117.75 1 .00 1772 99.17 305 17.55 43 2.70 MINIMUM 34.55 6 .04 92.55 0 .55 .55 .94 288 13.82 STD DEVIATION 1.09 2204 99.55 1 .34 16 .55 .23 1486 83.79 1748 98.29 102.55 .14 2207 99.11 1559 87.77 23 1.62 27 1.94 129.24 888 40.08 99.1I 77 3.73 111.55 .55 10 .120. 3.14 STD DEVIATION 2.11 106.79 1734 97.59 96 4.00 1772 99.55 14 .00 2144 97.09 SE(STD DEV) .48 184 8.03 81.t-5 0 . ILIOCRISTALE HEIGHT FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 98.33 1437 65.55 . 4.23 125 5.55 .49 201 9. 103.25 1709 77.25 COEF. 89.81 2122 96.04 2167 98.55 .55 8 .55 11 .55 1 .55 .45 1766 99.116.88 MEAN VALUE 38. 101.55 .55 70 3.55 .34 10 .55 . 107.121.26 3 .55 74 4.11 1770 99.66 121.86. 97.55 97.66 54 2.54 80 3.89 1839 83.55 1 .54 4 .55 .08 88.55 .40 101. 98.55 .95 116.8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .55 .14 108.12 KURTOSIS---VETA II .54 87.55 .77 122. 90.55 . 1'.85 SYMMETRY---VETA I .55 .89 124. 0 .42 17 .10 107.08 KURTOSIS---VETA II M 3. OF VARIATION .55 .84.54 46 2.55 .119.18 8 .00 1772 99.55 .34 14 .18 2202 99.

48 6.36 5.(68) INTERPUPILLARY BREADTH The distance between the two pupils is measured with a pupillometer.27 2.61 2.80 6.86 2.53 2.50 6.92 2.94 2.78 2.58 2.08 2.76 98TH 7.60 2.80 99TH 7.31 5.66 2.36 2.71 2.43 45TH 6.21 2.39 35TH 6.83 7.54 6.70 6.20 2.70 2.52 6.27 5.91 208 .00 2.08 2.56 6.41 2.98 2.47 2.73 97TH 7.41 2.57 BOTH 6.24 5.76 2.70 95TH 7.42 5.46 6.67 6.81 2.48 60TH 655 2.03 2. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CH INCHES 5.01 2.45 2.11 2.74 6.50 65TH 6.18 2ND 5.36 2.68 2.88 2.45 2.20 3RD 5.33 20TH 6.62 P 6.13 2.22 2.96 2.17 2.38 2.60 85TH 6.58 6.77 2.85 2.47 55TH 6.26 2.44 6.31 15TH 6.23 5TH 5.86 7.52 70TH 6.31 2.50 2.53 2.60 6.14 IST 5.45 50TH 6.37 30TH 6.29 5.15 2.10 2.39 5.86 2.65 2.31 2.26 2.27 10TH 6.64 90TH 6.35 25TH 6.64 6.41 40TH 6.55 75TH 6.

5.06 362 20.27 5.00 SE(mANU) .89 CORP.88 882 49. 2.36 STD DEVIATION .55 .65 3 .95 5.95 55 3. 5.22 2142 97.22 11 .35 .8% COZF.48 1626 73.72 237 13.00 SE(STD DEV) . 7.45 .00 7.75 .00 5.25 30 1.00 1770 99.35 2027 91.93 928 42.17 1770 99.15 .69 1734 97.75 157 8.15 39 2. INTERPUPILLARY BREADTH FEMALES MALES 91 INCHES CM INCHES 6.95 . 7. 5.02 6.55 .09 6.35 0 .59 108 4.07 SYMMETRY---VETA I .25 . 7.85 1799 81. 1771 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES r Fpct Cuam? CumlPc CENTIMTZTRS r "at CumI CunfL t 2 . .57 6. 6.75 .75 49 2. 6.80 MAXIMUM 3.13 34 1.05 2203 99.06 9 . OF VARIATION .99 1931 87. 6.45 12 .31 5.45 . .32 1 .92 209 9.35 .94 7.35 178 10. 6.85 .75 .05 5.99 7.97 KURTOSIS---VRTA II .85 135 7.94 7. 6.11 118 6.06 1771 100.2k 1063 60.06 30 1.00 .00 .00 1 .06 10 .25 1 .59 6.15 125 7.62 1501 84. 2205 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .89 709 32. 6.92 127 5. 7.25 .36 51 2.00 SE(MEAN) .05 7.76 309 14.93 1169 53. 7. 7.55 .65 9 .15 .36 162 8.15 5.09 2202 99.06 1 .13 66 2.55 4 .37 STD DEVIATION .62 1759 99. 5.00 . 5.95 7.20 MINIMUM 2.25 1417 64. 2.05 . 5.05 .87 1366 77.01 15 .68 2189 99.45 6. 6.00 1 .15 .75 20 1.45 1767 99.85 .45 .47 MEAN VALUE 2.05 65 3.25 .55 .75 0 .23 MEAN VALUE 2.27 7.79 74 3.20 MINIMUM 2.70 1 .59 6.92 6.44 241 10.00 S(STD DEV) .85 29 1.26 6.45 0 .35 14 .95 . 7.90 5. 5.80 173 7.05 2205 10.28 57 2.55 181 10.27 96 4.91 2 .01 5. OF VARIATION .79 1748 98.66 218 9.65 .24 1209 68.60 MAXIMUM 2.23 5 .14 6.09 2 . 6.74 6. 7.77 1 .45 175 9.7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .77 7.14 .65 . 5.09 5.25 5. 7.95 99 5.20 KURTOSIS---VETA II .67 1665 94.20 1704 96.91 7.54 5.64 63 3.59 1600 90.86 7. 5.93 6.65 .41 21 .18 SYMMETRY---VETA I .05 707 39.56 182 8.99 2093 94.00 209 .15 .45 11 .05 119 6.25 167 9.02 132 5.50 2200 99. 5.55 a .65 146 8. 6.45 2174 98.34 32 1. 6.05 2204 99.85 1 .25 491 22.51 14 .87 248 11.38 219 9.35 .43 529 29.

84 15.82 50TH 40.42 35TH 38.29 34.09 13.32 17.04 15.68 45TH 39.76 35.(69) INTERSCYE I The distance across the back between the right and left posterior-axillary-fold landmarks is measured with a tape.95 85TH 43.A5 34.40 V.85 12.52 14.43 11. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.93 12.42 13.81 210 .56 17.45 39.25 16.85 31.39 11.47 99TH 47.25 36.48 17.63 37.94 40.75 16.42 15.24 15.44 36.43 13.66 95TH 45.98 14.08 13. The tape is held on the skin surface except where the tape spans the hollow of the back.75 33.25 41.97 14. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead.64 15.57 1ST 33.55 75TH 42.55 40TH 39.96 20TH 37.15 98TH 46. THE P.52 13.73 13.24 90TH 44.42 14.78 15T4 36.98 3RD 34.78 14.92 35.13 34.29 16.83 16.48 14.82 2ND 34.76 13.03 11.85 16.12 38.35 18.19 13.'RCENTILES FEMALES MALES -'-CH INCHES Cm INCHuS 29.08 30.23 65TH 41.95 33.38 70TH 41.53 32.61 35.09 60TH 40.5.23 13.94 97TH 46.02 13.28 30TH 38. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed. 30.82 16. The heels are together with the weight distributed equally on both feet.26 Af A 32.77 18.01 16.95 14.70 15.49 15.59 30.99 12.95 55TH 40.13 25TH 37.78 )5.45 12.54 10TH 36.86 37.20 5TH 35.47 41.08 36.91 14.21 14.91 18.14 14.35 13.73 80TH 42.44 1.

00 3 .23 22 1.25 16 .25 .92 931 52.34 1762 99.81 .75 .25 0 . 48.23 324 18.70 994 45.25 .25 .25 .62 44.55 48.25 .25 0 .75 .75 2 .90 411 23.99 197 8.75 532 24.14 27.15 KURTOSIS---VETA II .60 MINIMUM 10.22 44.14 STD DEVIATION 1.77 95 4.25 .25 .25 .25 .44 187 10.25 .17 6 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 34. 30.23 13 . 51.17 1769 99.06 1774 100.75 0 .75 .26 115 5.75 .75 87 4.47 39.03 38.31 170 7.47 28.00 1773 99.75 0 .75 122 6.75 .06 2 .25 88 4.05 1 .05 2206 99.75 12 . 50.75 1033 58.94 50.73 149 6.75 .09 32.70 45.32 48.05 SE(STD DEV) .45 34.25 11 .13 590 33.58 1246 70.11 9 .75 1 .25 6 .75 . 38.75 .69 1734 97.05 2207 99.75 21 1.25 . OF VARIATION .00 1484 83.? CumlPct 1 .75 55 3.75 . 31.94 53.11 39.55 1602 90.36 2130 96. 28.18 SYMMETRY---VETA I .09 3 .26 60 2. 45.75 .17 36 1.56 824 37.25 3 . 7.07 35.06 12 .11 37.02 34. 43.59 2185 98.75 .25 .76 33.14 26.25 .75 .50 MINIMUM 11.56 30 1. .75 .25 0 .91 2150 97.25 .09 31. 37.06 SE(MEAN) .25 63 3.65 1 . 36.06 8 .63 131 5.25 .31 1643 92. OF VARIATION = 7. 52. 37. 32.25 . INTERSCYE I FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 35.75 .75 . 47. 39.27 2203 99. 44.10 1539 86. 42.82 29.25 27 1. 52.31 38.06 1 .48 1720 77.25 21 1.34 66 2.21 164 7.44 1933 87. 29.25 37 2.17 98 4.21 1835 83. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES p flat Cum? Cwalpct CENTIMETERS r FPct Cu.94 52. 33.75 .41 167 7.09 1680 94.03 2.24 .00 1 .00 44.07 46.00 1773 99.86 42.25 5 .37 126 7.93 30. 33.50 MAXIMUM 17.25 .25 105 5. 35.00 1773 99.75 46.72 2054 93.94 53.00 2172 98.35 32.95 43. 45.75 . 32.02 . 29.56 1325 60.74 167 7.25 .75 1 .30 1340 75.54 2197 99.83 49.75 42 2.75 0 . 40. 35. 51.94 52. 48.75 .75 11 .75 41 2. 47.75 .25 .51 94 4.75 4 .39 92 4.75 .00 1773 99.00 1773 99.75 .25 2 .25 0 .25 7 . 27.06 7 .92 31.37 47.91 43.75 0 . 44.62 1745 98.25 .62 1756 98.43 1158 52.01 125 5.00 1 .8% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .36 29.25 .75 2 .25 1 .05 26.5% COEF. 36.96 41.39 25 1.96 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.43 704 39.90 41 2.00 1773 99.20 MEM VALUE 13.02 26.25 .25 . 2.75 .04 SE(STD DV) .42 36.06 3 .75 .66 657 29. 54.01 35.11 1413 79.06 26 1.05 2208 100.37 40.25 .30 SYMMETRY---VETA I .25 .25 94 5.26 383 17.54 6 .15 COEF.25 71 4.31 1599 72.94 50.65 2 .25 2 .13 61 2. 49. 27.68 46 2.30 30.10 MAXIMUM 21.75 62 3.75 . 49.55 37.75 0 . 46.07 1481 67.49 249 14. 53.66 13 .94 51.25 1 .25 114 6.54 118 5.25 0 .75 .75 7 .75 73 4. 30.30 1 .24 12 .18 1722 97.52 84 4.00 211 .75 0 .25 114 6.75 .23 1766 99.48 20 .90 36.04 3.77 42.04 121 5.10 156 7.75 4 .28 18 1.15 MEAN VALUE 15. 53.25 .00 1773 99. 42.75 31 5.89 45.96 499 28.25 .45 28.99 47.55 STD DEVIATION 1. 39.18 56 2.17 289 13.72 49.25 3 .75 .86 40. 41.09 2205 99.94 51.36 16 .43 1147 64.75 .11 39 1. 46.11 1771 99. 43.75 102 5.18 1701 95.14 27.32 33. 26.25 75 4.37 40.11 1773 99.25 .90 57 3. 50.02 .00 3 .75 99 5.07 SE(MEAN) .75 1 . 34.75 1 . 31.54 30 1.32 10 . 41.88 826 46.52 54.76 1994 90.25 61 3. 28. 40.50 41.08 2100 95.75 16 .54 29. 38.

The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.25 15.13 38.16 42.17 25TH 38.18 65TH 41.69 16.84 / 42.43 41.09 16.65 15.33 16.02 14.28 17.42 38.94 14.15 40.39 15.92 S"35.89 33.70 45TH 40.74 14.99 37. The tape is held on the skin surface except where it spans the hollow of the back.35 14. The heels are together with the weight distributed equally on both feet.02 90TH 44.56 14.26 14.(70) INTERSCYE II The distance across the back between the right and left midscye landmarks is measured with a tape.66 1ST 34.35 16.70 16.82 15.69 12.74 39.31 30TH 39.56 13.44 47.23 5TH 36.94 55TH 40.29 13.79 85TH 43.81 15TH 37.15 18.52 16.02 3R!) 35.10 18.89 14.58 40TH 39.70 14.07 13.60 16.90 15.97 46. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 32.31 34.57 39. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.58 A 37.87 2ND 35.32 17.07 97TH 98TH 99TH 45.07 33.82 50TH 40.61 43.64 14.48 13.45 75TH 42.33 14.10 15.67 35. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead.97 16.28 15.56 212 .28 18.61 13.25 15.21 15.11 "35.98 14.86 37.61 80TH 43.58 15.44 36.00 20TH 38.62 15.36 95TH 45.94 15.08 13.57 17.06 60TH 41.61 32.14 12.00 16.77 17.57 15.28 36.57 10TH 37.27 38.72 37.31 70TH 42.93 40.57 16.45 35TH 39.34 14.

41.94 188 8.25 39. 29.11 36..74 1362 76.56 1141 51. 47.00 1 .09 30.06 253 14.05 1 .36 2193 99.00 46.75 40 2.25 .75 .31 261 11.75 84 4. 39.41 STD DEVIATION .25 23 1.24 438 24. OF VARIATION .28 168 7.00 1 .05 2203 99.26 9 .85 32. 37.25 .75 12 .39 1765 99.25 99 5. 34.75 0 .58 1461 82. 36.75 7 .06 1774 100.51 33.25 . 48.32 43.73 34 1. 45.02 COEF.75 . 35.74 STD DEVIATION 1.61 790 3S.50 50.62 MEAN VALUE 14.36 8 .59 23 1.26 183 8.05 28.75 .77 115 5. 36.88 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .17 35.57 33.94 50.91 1 .11 1771 99.69 1 . 42.05 2206 99.75 130 7.75 .47 1511 68.75 .25 65 3. 33.75 52 2.71 1794 81.75 4 .75 . 44.25 .05 2 .04 1 .05 SE(STD DEV) .83 49.75 540 30.75 .25 . 43.75 6 .4% COEF.28 9 .01 67 3.77 44.23 15 .75 0 .00 2206 99.18 98 4.25 108 6.75 24 1.17 26 1.75 113 6.62 65 2.37 1161 65.65 1595 89.75 .18 49 2.18 31.18 6 . 49.75 .86 94 4.11 11 .25 .79 1747 98.75 1 .69 76 4. 40.68 46 2.45 39 1.03 2070 93.25 143 8.20 1686 95.23 36 1.75 .75 .75 72 4. 30.45 31.35 1710 96.27 30.68 2107 95. 50. 50.05 2207 99.75 14 .25 .75 .25 .06 4 .09 2170 98.25 .29 1324 59. 33.86 44. 39.66 48.26 34.05 28.11 35.11 3 .25 4 .34 21 1.75 1 .00 213 .09 KURTOSIS---VETA II 3.30 MINIMUM 12.92 107 4. 37.05 SE(MEA) .04 SE(STD DEV) .25 .05 2208 100.59 156 7. 35.05 29.06 13 .25 .75 .04 24 1.46 39.25 39 2.62 1758 99.09 778 43. 49.82 34.11 1668 75.25 1 .39 0 .91 45.25 47 2.75 2 . 6.03 SYMMETRY---VETA I .75 1 .25 2 .02 28.40 MINIMUM 11.21 1909 86.11 1773 99. 46.25 0 .06 1 . 31. 41.75 127 7.75 .02 .20 167 7.25 .00 1773 99.77 2146 97.81 40.44 12f 5.07 622 28.25 0 .75 2 .54 38.25 3 .00 . 31.68 HM VALUE 16.41 2202 99.95 46.75 40.75 1 .05 29.25 30 1.75 . 28.25 116 6.25 .72 48.19 41.25 .43 38.25 13 .72 123 5.49 47.33 670 37.90 1548 87.91 45.10 47.75 .25 11 .25 .95 2.25 117 6.72 40.75 .26 2003 90.7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FLct Cui Cumrftt CEVITrl]TLRS F ?Pft Cumx CumPPct 1 . 30.25 5 . 45.75 87 4.93 1647 92.28 42.32 47.25 .06 1048 59.22 32.25 102 5. 34. 32.04 32. 44.09 2205 99.04 KURTOSIS---VETA II 3.75 .18 10 . 29. 38.51 38 1.25 .17 1768 99.08 37 1.68 37.48 1 .33 974 44.43 41.54 184 8.25 .85 466 21.08 .06 1769 99. 32. 40.96 42. INTERSCYE II FEMALLES MALES C_ INCHES CM INCHES 37.96 37.25 4 . 38.75 .45 187 8.16 905 51.25 .84 2 .25 2 .75 .00 MAXIMUM 18.78 15 .30 1733 97.50 MAXIMUM 19.73 43.25 .75 .5 96.75 .19 345 19.06 SE(MEAN) .44 359 16. 46. OF VARIATION 6.00 1 .25 .63 85 3.25 .02 .69 157 7.85 73 3.66 181 10.25 92 5.25 .75 93 5. 43. 42.60 1278 72.94 49.03 2.78 36. 48.68 21. 47.

37 16.75 15.76 14.75 14.49 16.26 10TO 35.93 12.06 L 35.91 41.58 12.32 15.61 32.46 15TH 36.25 13.68 41.5b 13.58 14.4i 37.09 15.37 214 .34 14.98 36.78 3HD 34.32 50TH 38.31 S34.64 2ND 34.43 55TH 38.99 95TH 42.86 15.67 13.59 15.93 99TH 44. The subject stands erect with the feet about 10 cm apart and the weight distributed equally on both feet.45 14.95 16.88 30TH 37.97 5TH 35.82 14.47 34.65 37.09 36.10 14.10 34.11 40TH 38.70 13.45 15.66 14.56 90TH 41.19 36.36 16.54 13.11 12.10 80TH 40.74 35.57 13.60 15.38 14.97 16.25 14.12 14. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 31.55 60TH 39.83 14.05 13.30 36.27 32.99 35TH 37.53 15.23 13.43 1ST 33.52 98TH 43.67 65TH 39.95 14.93 38.18 13.04 14.99 16.79 70TH 39.21 45TH 38.08 42.36 15.87 15.93 13.46 12.53 \\ 2 37.92 16.78 38.16 16.33 40.29 97TH 42.30 85TH 40.80 ? 33.61 35.94 14.47 15.94 75TH 40.39 17.62 20TH 36.48 32.(71) KNEE CIRCUMFERENCE The horizontal circumference of the right knee at the level of the midpatella landmark at the center of the knee is measured with a tape.13 17.11 39.75 25TH 37.

98 492 22.41 41. 39.57 39. 33. 43.05 SE(MEAN) .72 184 8.72 1 .10 MAXIMUM 18. 36.75 .71 1680 94.25 48 2.75 10 .86 45.27 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .92 40.69 339 19.36 2140 96.27 2203 99.75 .01 1750 98.41 30.25 2 .04 SE(STD DEV) . 31.17 181 8.11 210 9.57 238 13.25 .75 1 .12 37.25 .62 34.51 1433 64.75 .25 43 2.45 27 1.87 . 32.87 115 5.7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CunF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CuMP CumFPct 1 .12 39.04 1 .94 46.05 1 .75 .75 2 .75 78 4.11 37 1.01 36 2.4% COEF.41 2190 99.40 MAXIMUM 18.48 46.52 MEAN VALUE 14.25 151 8.56 18 1.02 2.72 69 3.12 238 10. 37.13 2012 91.25 10 .42 191 8. 42.67 54 2.75 30 1. KNEE CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES INCHES CM INCHES 36.52 1032 46.14 190 8.77 2157 97.25 .00 . 35. 31.78 33.72 2173 98.05 SE(MKAN) .68 1769 99.13 31.05 2205 99.56 40.25 .75 163 9.75 .66 32.32 2197 99.95 1236 69.20 MINIMUM 11.23 6 .75 19 1.63 7 .00 45. 39. 44.25 7 .75 135 7.67 1943 88.01 122 5.25 164 9.75 4 .64 MEAN VALUE 15.75 .92 30 1.25 .92 1714 96. 37. 34.36 133 6.75 8 .06 1773 99.42 SYMMETRY---VETA 1 a .75 .92 2.50 43.45 2066 93.39 1757 99. 45.00 COEF.25 .25 .69 41.18 42.25 81 4.19 645 36.70 MINIMUM 12.78 44 1.60 17 .75 .30 33. 32.75 .25 1 . 40.02 .77 0 .06 1770 99.04 SE(STD DEV) .61 866 39.25 83 4.25 . 41.75 .75 12 . 30.05 29. 33.42 109 6.00 215 .11 1772 99.75 109 6.25 18 1.00 30.25 .21 .75 141 7.06 2 .05 2204 99.25 .36 2181 98.33 676 30.06 482 27. OF VARIATION = 6.20 1614 73.75 .75 34 1.39 16.85 166 7.03 132 5. 43. 34.38 38. 42.36 17 . 46.68 84 3.28 34.78 42. 38.91 47 2.25 8 . 46.45 91 4.00 16 .00 2205 99.10 37.40 1632 92.25 . 44.14 2208 100.75 .25 18 1.82 44.21 STD DEVIATION .75 .53 360 16.75 .25 .62 9 .33 STD DEVIATION .75 .75 101 5.15 46. 38.51 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 35.06 20 .75 .68 1554 87.75 .24 1095 61.11 8 .71 157 8.33 38.89 31.48 81 3.25 1 .13 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.74 35.02 1747 79.36 9 .25 .77 30.75 48 2.89 3 .77 43.06 1 . 41.25 . OF VARIATION = 5.00 38. 30.25 .25 126 7. 36.86 44.65 6 .70 8 .01 1732 97.80 32.25 .06 1774 100.10 1362 76.51 796 44.85 147 6.99 2110 95.25 1 .34 63 2.21 1862 84.61 931 52. 45.65 1223 55.25 143 8. 40.25 .22 31.14 1471 82.22 35.69 66 3.90 36.75 1 .

03 49.31 50.01 18.78 40TH 49.76 10TH 47.20 20TH 48.12 46.84 46.83 17.10 17.98 46.61 48.05 17.10 18..94 15.39 1.16 17.34 20.95 44.45 20.(72) KNEE HEIGHT.46 18.64 16.91 80TH 52.63 18.13 18.56 45.91 45TH 50.16 55TH 50.11 85TH 53.58 16.16 21.40 5TH 46.25 19.84 20.73 1ST 44.41 21.69 19.27 20.13 18.12 44.44 40.48 17.75 43.58 99TH 56.81 22.56 19.13 52.33 19.19 17.42 45.29 60TH 5!.37 216 .13 21.74 41.03 50TH 50.91 41.75 19.17 18.78 21.04 19.57 70TH 51.00 2ND 45. MIDPATELLA The vertical distance between a standing surface and the midpatella landmark at the center of the right knee is measured with an anthropometer.81 18.23 19.51 30TH 48.70 45.36 25TH 48.57 18.65 35TH 49. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES Cm INCHES CH INCHES 39.38 90TH 54.17 3RD 45.07 16. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.11 20.00 15TH 47.21 22.73 75TH 52.43 47.02 18.94 20.05 97TH 55.96 19.27 47.49 20.26 98TH 56.80 48.96 51.55 19.78 95TH 55.81 18.90 20.27 44.43 65TH 51.67 16.48 17.68 17.50 17.15 42.51 43.30 17.72 50.

61 STD DEVIATION 1.79 768 34.95 55.64 27 1. 49.32 0 .25 0 .52 1091 49.25 93 5.05 SE(STD DEV) .00 2207 99.24 1308 73.65 1260 57.5% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .94 61.41 146 6.00 1773 99.95 57.75 . 42.75 . 43.25 .75 . 51.25 .7% cOEF. 40.00 1 .93 0 .25 .75 .40 1989 90.89 44.02 1483 83.75 .93 610 34.86 53. 51. 52.75 3 .25 . KNEE HEIGHT.47 157 7.39 1762 99.87 MEAN VALUE 18.25 29 1.06 50.25 .25 .25 0 . 56. 50. 39.03 1695 95.99 62.25 .25 .77 2177 98.75 .00 2207 99.25 .45 143 6.48 166 7.49 7 .06 17 .25 .89 60.41 38.99 43.75 .75 .06 1 .23 111 5. MIDPATELLA FEMALES MALES Ci INCHES CM INCHES 45. 55.77 58.09 40. 54.75 0 .75 .25 .04 COEF.52 43.25 20 .25 36 2.06 71 3.11 1772 99.75 0 .23 1766 99.06 41 1.75 .75 0 .09 .00 2207 99.41 52.05 2208 100.25 71 4.73 126 5.68 46.61 1 .06 279 15.75 0 .75 .26 40. OF VARIATION = 5.49 1608 90.05 1 .25 . 61.75 121 6.06 SE(MEAN) .7) 1820 82.03 453 20.15 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.06 25 1. 37.39 54 2.25 .25 1 .36 39.25 123 6.94 61.32 2184 98.75 .95 54. 58. 59.00 207 11.25 1 .07 45.00 2207 99.63 96 5.23 2200 99.25 120 6.25 7 .76 STD DEVIATION 1.88 732 41. 53. 48.00 1 . .06 49.06 1167 99.25 8 .25 .25 2 . 36.75 14 .75 . 60.90 172 7.75 40 2.05 37.54 2099 95. 41.95 57.95 56.60 50.25 18 1.01 44 2.05 36.17 4 .15 SYMMETRY---VETA I .25 136 i.25 .76 852 48.25 114 6. 60.25 .00 1 .77 39.95 54.78 44.25 .79 1755 98.02 .75 63 3.06 106 4.11 925 41. 39.06 9 2.75 .60 5 . 46.27 9 .56 26 1.13 1741 98.00 1772 99. 56.60 MINIMUM 15.75 4 .45 75 3.45 2043 92.95 53.25 . 43.64 0 .50 2195 99. 42.00 2207 99.75 10 . OF VARIATION .75 51 2.05 36.41 45.75 .03 2. 44.75 114 6. 38.75 0 .26 1914 86.75 13 .45 16 . 5.75 122 6.95 56.09 2207 99.75 0 .67 149 6. 41.83 50.69 42.43 1101 62.75 1 .30 1694 76.30 67 3.07 SE(MEAN) .75 .13 75 3.80 MINIMUM 14.52 0 .75 .54 2133 96.75 .43 47.00 1 .89 59.25 .59 30 1.75 .22 236 10.98 58. 47.89 59.04 SE(STD DEV) .85 1394 78.95 55.25 .55 1546 87.40 MAXIMUM 22.75 4 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF Cumyft CENTIMETERS r Pftt CUMF CUmiPot 1 . 45.23 8 .49 42.67 139 6.25 .00 1 .00 MAXIMUM 24.75 1555 70.89 60.68 48.00 2207 99.25 .75 . 46.41 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .88 .73 11 .86 116 5.23 2205 99.91 50 2. 62.00 1 .25 8 .00 217 .25 1 .25 0 .87 1659 93.25 1 .80 342 15.75 26 1. 47.15 .75 .63 94 4.78 169 7.75 86 4.25 3 .75 72 4.00 2207 99.75 .14 38.02 35.22 165 7.75 1 .64 52. 44.01 0 .25 41.25 20 1. 57. 55. 58.03 2. 50. 53.25 0 .90 366 20.47 1721 97.26 56 2. 40.61 987 55.55 0 .25 87 4. 57. 61. 52.25 .53 49.25 89 5.55 0 . 59.48 596 26.00 58.22 2160 97. 48.02 .00 1772 99.05 35.05 2 .82 487 x7.36 17 . 45.75 .00 1 .75 6 . 38.75 23 1.25 .15 2 .47 41.48 MEAN VALUE 19.09 37.58 5 .61 1406 63.08 48.72 47.25 0 .06 1774 100.75 .18 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.43 1215 68.60 51.00 2207 99.75 135 7.43 46.00 1772 99.25 . 37.05 3 . 36.75 .25 . 49.40 40.14 0 . 54.06 1773 99.25 62 3.91 51.03 34 1.17 1770 99.75 .

24 50.40 52.78 18.97 75TH 57.54 23.73 30TH 54.99 21.59 25TH 53.31 22.47 17.49 98TH 61.87 35TH 54.36 20.(73) KNEE HEIGHT.55 50.23 2ND 50.50 21.10 57.65 65TH 56.16 54.43 20.54 218 .12 45TH 55. and the feet in line with the thighs.16 22.84 20.93 54.69 51.82 23.28 57.06 49.01 47.46 20.80 70TH 57. SITING The vertical distance between a footrest surface and the suprapatelia landmark at the top of the right knee (located and drawn while the subject stands) is measured with an anthropometer.30 19.02 22.35 19.75 99TH 62.44 56.12 19.10 20.89 19.55 46.44 20.74 53.75 22. TIE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 45.76 19.83 51.95 21.46 19.00 40TH 55.25 52.56 53.24 22.42 3RD 50.38 19.43 20TH 53.85 56.11 20.66 5TH 51.62 48.97 51.84 46. The subject sits with the thighs parallel.79 20.78 22.34 24.35 21.37 85TH 58.02 10TH 52.66 19.09 21.90 1ST 49.73 21.52 22.25 15TH 53.00 20.44 21.83 20.86 49.40 50.80 21.40 18.38 55TH 56.67 24.28 21.15 80TH 58.30 18.65 90TH 59.25 50TH 55.12 22.73 21.31 97TH 61.57 23.22 24. the knees flexed 90 degrees.66 22.76 20.25 48.26 20.05 95TH 60.11 52.51 60TH 56.90 22.

29 55.00 1 .05 2206 99.21 167 9.61 1375 62.09 2202 99.09 54.04 82 3.18 8 .31 1 .70 55.75 0 .34 540 24. 66.13 1318 74.25 12 .50 MAXIMUM 26.00 57.00 1772 99.06 1 .50 636 35.09 43.75 1 .98 45.09 42.25 . OF VARIATION = 5.65 1008 56.75 1110 62.27 0 . 66. 57.75 .94 1 .25 .75 . 46.68 1755 98.75 .25 57 3.75 2 .68 31 1.09 2204 99.25 .25 4 .75 .94 67.00 219 .25 .41 157 7. 51.68 44.88 MEAN VALUE 22. 61.06 SE(MEAN) . 65.25 112 6.05 2208 100.25 57 3. 44.25 .75 .75 . 57.25 12 . 52.84 50 2.1% COEF.25 .33 890 50.26 2069 93.89 422 19.00 3 .17 1770 99.34 108 4.75 .25 .60 MINIMUM 15. 58. 62.25 .25 68 3.75 . 50.75 .05 41. 53. SITTING FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 51.25 .09 2200 99.09 50.81 211 9.02 40.79 STD DEVIATION 1.75 .42.66 1788 80.61 63.25 0 . 46.02 .44 54.36 44.75 .28 2 .25 0 .75 91 5.25 0 .79 1498 84.0% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CumF CumFPct CENTIMETERS F FPct CUMF CumFPct 1 .66 51.16 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .75 4 .75 36 2.02 695 31.57 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .87 63.75 130 7.25 .14 KURTOSIS---VETA II .75 59 3.59.75 7 .41.75 23 1.30 46.92 67. 56.27 51.75 0 .95 61.17 62 2.23 10 .75 0 .89 65. 47.25 69 3.89 295 16.91 60.11 3 .89 65.27 2198 99.05 40.25 18 1.75 0 .32 52.05 41.29 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.38 1 .75 .07 155 7.05 42.75 .00 1 . 63. 55.96 1 .25 .42 56.25 0 .68 30 1.99 760 42. 51.23 103 4.91 2186 99.30 74 4.27 2192 99.83 64.25 118 6.75 133 7.82 34 1.77 64. OF VARIATION a 5.25 .05 2 .25 95 5.75 168 7. 61. 43.75 1 .35 75 3.25 .51 19 1.75 50 2. 49.35 2019 91.06 34 1.75 9 .07 SE(MEAN) .25 .54 2151 97. 50.75 .75 1 . 48.85 74 3.25 . 62.77 61 2.75 6 . 3.25 1 .25 .11 48.00 1 .23 1767 99.00 .40 MINIMUM 17.04 SE(STD DEV) .76 46.11 1532 69. 54.03 2.57 15 .00 2 .56 47.25 0 .06 1773 99.45 149 6.03 110 6.02 .25 2 .25 15 .09 4 .87 169 7.31 503 28.00 1 .75 47.75 .41.06 14 .75 0 .75 102 5.75 29 1.75 2 .25 3 .17 20 .75 .73 59.54 95 4.63 44 1.75 85 4.05 40.89 66.48 49. 55.25 .63 1702 95.56 118 5.61 863 39. 44. 45.75 .75 .30 1743 98.75 1 .14 COEF.25 .40 1945 88.25 1 .75 20 1.10 56.00 2207 99.00 1772 99.00 2207 99.60 1227 69. 56. 53.74 50.65 6 .75 . 67.05 2207 99.95 62.10 .60.30 MAXIMUM 24.95 62.20 168 7.21 1673 94. 52.05 1 .25 4 .55 58.25 117 6.83 1566 88.82 1616 91.75 .64 58.99 45.06 1772 99.59.47.46 49.86 60.25 .68 2166 98.25 1 .43.44 2 .40. 58.01 1720 96.00 2207 99.25 .63 125 5.00 1772 99.30 6 .89 66.93 1663 75.04 2.42.41 391 22.28 57.06 17 .74 131 5.25 .25 2 .75 . 45.75 .06 1774 100.75 .09 2 .95 61.25 .36 45.75 .13 51 2.25 .05 SE(STD DEV) . 65. 64. 60. 49.36 1413 79.75 .93 1207 54.32 is .69 53.18 43.11 1763 99.05 2205 99.00 1 .25 .34 1761 99.66 314 14. 54.00 1 .88 55.25 .75 0 .82 59.65 1032 46.54 MEAN VALUE 20.25 .48.17 48 2.75 .22 48.63 STD DEVIATION 1.33 226 12.17 2117 95.25 23 1.25 .00 63.71 1870 84.06 1771 99.25 124 6.17 175 7.25 0 .06 4 .11 6 .98 53.38 52. KNEE HEIGHT. 67. 64.75 96 5.93 0 . 63.17 54 2.25 .75 .

01 18.73 19.72 41.98 1ST 44.09 50.41 19.23 16.17 220 .54 99TH 56.37 60TH 50.32 45.88 44.48 50.64 70TH 51.94 20.04 44.67 19.42 90TH 53.79 75TH 51. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.39 3RD 45.33 20TH 47.74 19.89 42.27 47.66 18.19 45.46 43.89 20.57 21.58 46.49 25TH 48.63 30TH 48.46 45.10 20.03 17.89 20.30 19.35 19.16 19.88 18.07 19.96 BOTH 52.59 15.44 17.42 17.57 21.63 16.80 95TH 54.60 5TH 46.61 48.35 18.47 18.84 46.31 22.16 20.42 20.06 97TH 55.78 17.76 35TH 49.36 19.95 18.82 49.00 45TH 49.11 17.73 18.(74) LATERAL FEMORAL EPICONDYLE HEIGHT The vertical distance between a standing surface and the standing lateral-femoral-epicondyle landmark on the outside of the right knee is measured with an anthropometer.04 18.16 15TH 47.13 50TH 50.99 18.45 41.73 51.50 65TH 51.18 16.01 17.64 21.12 43.48 20. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CH INCHES 40.58 17.01 16.25 55TH 50.88 40TH 49.91 52.24 98TH 55.98 46.31 17.71 46.20 21.93 10TH 46.42 19.42 17.35 20.12 47.73 19.23 2ND 45.43 48.69 44.32 19.16 85TH 52.74 19.08 19.

25 .25 0 .37 52.02 .23 6 .2% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .11 1769 99.89 60. 62. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F Fpct Cum? CumPct C MIPTIZNRS F Flct Cum? Cumyft 1 .65 SYMMETRYI---VETA -= .58 1975 89. 47.76 1660 93.18 47.06 1772 1773 99.75 11 .06 1 .63 STD DEVIATION 1.25 .50 27 1.75 135 7.50 2187 99.54 5 .87 99.00 .06 2 .60 MAXIMUM 24.25 .25 0 .16 41.52 1508 68.58 1728 97.25 5.83 1 . 50.25 . 39.00 2 .05 2 .75 3 .25 2 .25 . 56.25 .72 43 1.17 1764 99.VETA 111 .25 0 .02 42.72 58.00 1 . 55. 5. 61.56 123 5.75 0 .95 54.35 68 3.25 .75 .25 1700 95. 52.00 1 .00 2207 99. 62.25 .75 95 5.25 28 1.00 1 . 50.VETA 11I 3.81 0 . 53.06 1770 99.17 41.75 4 . 44. 60.25 .75 .03 .20 1342 60.75 40 2.25 .75 122 6.00 2 .00 221 .74 50.75 0 .47 STD DEVIATION . 59.25 1 .91 18 .25 118 6.25 2 .00 1 .80 MINIMUM 15.75 115 6.77 58.25 .75 .67 936 52.75 .95 56. 57.00 1772 99.06 44 1.04 Sz(STD DEV) .25 .16 43.48 169 7.25 . 55.75 7 7 .06 11 .00 2205 99.25 34 1.87 48.48 1302 73.25 . OF VARIATION .25 0 .11 1772 99. 43.87 42.75 .75 58 3.47 128 5.75 0 .75 50 2.91 54.00 .75 . 46.34 117 5.95 40.25 88 4.96 163 7.75 81 4.25 .06 1774 100.00 1773 99.95 54.31 2095 94.39 11 .57 310 17.72 39. 39. 40.44 57. 42.82 21'6 98.00 1772 99.45 48.83 187 8.25 . 43.37 1187 66. 37.75 . 59.00 1 .25 S6.05 2206 99.82 152 8.88 547 30.25 .75 1 .50 16 .89 1896 85.75 61.49 69 3. 60.76 41 1.75 .25 18 1.75 19 1.97 2.11 85 3.80 1788 80.35 7 .25 1 .11 63 2.75 .11 MEAN VALUE 18.48 0 .00 2158 97.61 57.64 52. 58. 54. 45. 42.25 0 .10 51 2. 53.48 425 23.02 2.39 17 . 38.25 136 7.41 0 .39 .74 50.78 1074 60.27 2200 99.05 36.75 .25 .75 .71 6 .86 2136 96.75 1 .89 59.75 .57 502 22.15 50.0 44 2.05 2208 100.65 996 45.25 .75 . 38. 51.91 152 6.05 SE(MEAN) .39 1754 1761 98.25 61.05 1 .47 1183 53.86 53.25 .04 SE(STD DEV) 02 35. 58.05 35.06 SE(MEAN) .09 37.00 2207 99.34 229 12.16 3.54 22 1.25 4 .25 .4% COEF.19 KURTOSIS --.30 46.75 0 .75 .05 3 .55 51.27 1611 90.75 .25 3 . .75 0 .34 827 37. 51.25 2 .45 44.05 51.00 1772 99. LATERAL FEMORAL EPICONDYLE HEIGHT FEMALES MALES CM FMLS INCHES CMMAE INCHES 46.57 166 7.75 .25 . 57.96 1390 78. 41.75 .23 10 . 44.67 57.61 800 45. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 46.10 MAXIMUM 22.13 2044 92.25 . 47.25 115 6.88 1660 75.25 .14 38.89 60.25 7 .75 0 .75 24 1.47 162 7.25 0 .25 113 6.75 .36 1485 83.94 62. 54.51 26 1.36.05 2207 99.75 .94 99.23 2205 99.98 47.05 37.33 COEF.75 . OF VARIATION .78 46.17 1767 99. 49.06 27 1.75 .90 MINIMUM 14.75 1 . 40.25 49 2. 36.22 40.57 49. 48.15 MEAN VALUE 19.18 SYMMETRY---VETA KURTOSIS --.75 0 1 .58 45.75 159 7.75 .48 62.75 .88 49.92 102 5.09 38. 5.32 2194 99.25 -.75 9 .83 1553 87.09 5 .75 1 .23 39.25 68 3.00 1 . 49.11 45.86 53. 37. 41.12 44.75 .9 1 .25 77 4.75 .38 665 30.30 379 17. 45.75 .05 36.96 108 4.83 79 3.06 16 .65 665 37.75 138 7.85 262 11. 52.99 114 5.00 56.57 1 .89 59.85 177 8.25 .75 .13 39.27 0 00 2207 99. 48.74 43.07 1747 97.94 61.22 70 3.

49 70TH 6.15 2.43 60TH 6.05 2.99 2ND 5.58 5.25 2.42 2.51 2.30 35TH 6.27 30TH 6.38 50TH 6.61 3.49 2.80 97Td 7.53 5.77 2. The subject stands erect with the heels together and the weight distributed equally on both feet.97 2.96 1.62 2.21 5. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CH INCHES 4.91 99TH 8.79 3.13 2.78 6.60 85TH 7.15 2.46 65TH 6.19 222 .12 10Th 6.71 6.56 BOTH 7.07 7.35 45TH 6.74 6.48 2.02 3RD 5.24 25TH 6.11 2.84 98TH 7.61 2.91 3.92 6.25 2.56 2.26 2.17 15TH 6.30 5.61 6.34 2.46 5.55 5.16 5.69 2.50 5.76 2.39 2.41 2.62 2.76 2.06 1.J2 2.11 3.69 6.18 2.74 95TH 7.12 7.61 2.95 1ST 5.41 2.37 5.23 2.33 2.81 6.25 5.91 2.01 7.42 5.40 SSTH 6.39 2.66 6.21 20TH 6.06 5TH 5.66 90TH 7.33 40TH 6.71 2.04 2.63 6411 7.50 2.86 6.84 2.84 2.69 2.97 2.52 75TH 7.02 2.90 2.(75) LATERAL MALLEOLUS HEIGHT The vertical distance betwen a standing surface and the lateral malleolus landmark on tLk outside of the right ankle is measured with a modified sliding caliper.82 2.97 2.

5.15 0 .41 139 6. 7. 7.55 .00 SE(STD DXV) .00 1773 99.86 7.20 957 43.65 .15 10 .15 .00 1767 99.35 1 .45 .33 7.75 16 . OF VARIATION = 8.57 4 .25 4 . 9. 3.86 7.85 1 .85 . OF VARIATION = 8.35 .71 MEAN VALUE 2.09 69 3.75 . 6.05 1 .57 1434 60. 7.65 123 6.45 .35 2 .67 191 8. 8. 5.20 MINIMUM 2.35 90 5.05 2208 100.25 0 . 6.06 1772 99.95 0 .34 1589 71.65 19 1.25 KURTOSIS---VETA II .05 .57 278 15.06 1771 99.95 .67 2043 92.41 20 . LATERAL MALLEOLUS HEIGHT FEMALES MALES INCHES CM I(CHZS 6.15 .95 .85 .25 1 .27 9.35 0 .05 .53 STD DEVIATION . 3.25 5 .13 5. 7. 9.06 59 2.65 .25 69 3.10 147 6.14 8 . 4.30 MAXIMUM 3. 6.05 9 .65 28 1.32 0 . 6.09 557 31.38 COEF.07 44 2.25 . .58 1688 95. 5.25 .05 .34 82 3.55 .25 .15 .82 7.07 449 25.68 25 1.91 2149 97.15 .89 1503 64.87 136 7.06 1773 99.24 140 6.00 4.53 1627 82.45 . 4.28 1767 99.67 180 8.23 4.35 .00 SE(MEAN) .48 5.95 .75 .66 1258 56.21 .31 1900 86.05 61 3.51 1752 98.45 7 .84 639 28.45 1 .61 159 7.73 109 4.83 8. 8.76 1 .20 MINIMUM 1.00 .56 1762 99.23 4 .30 MAXIMUM 3. 4. 5. 6. 8.55 . 7.29 73 3.22 6.71 262 11.35 1 .14 11 .94 371 16.67 154 6. 6.05 2 . 7. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F Fmot Cumy CurLlct CURTINET3RS F FPct Cu" Cu mlct 1 .05 5 . 7. 8. 7.00 2205 99. 6.97 1111 50.97 6. 9.13 64 3.84 959 54.55 .53 6.95 25 1.66 SYMMETRY---VETA I .89 697 39.30 510 23.05 6.34 5.65 1 . 8.59 7.05 2204 99.05 0 . 6.14 KURTOSIS---VETA II . 9.00 SE(STD DEV) .05 2205 99.95 .31 2094 94.45 .18 85 4.57 359 20.23 SYMMETRY---VETA I a .00 . 4.18 2203 99.74 6.18 4.77 7.62 35 1.94 9.95 2170 98. 7.05 119 6.55 1 .11 9 . 8.65 .06 MEAN VALUE 2.10 1085 61.23 59 2.65 1449 65.85 9 .17 1770 99. 4.75 0 .95 8.77 8. 5.75 .44 197 11. 4.80 5.14 5.89 8.85 21 1.00 223 .05 8.05 24 1.05 4 .00 SE(MEAN) . 8.55 $TD DEVIATION .04 4. 5.11 6 .35 .65 1353 76.65 .09 4.15 81 4.61 1 .94 9. 8.61 8.16 51 2.25 1 .05 3 .94 9.28 7.87 7.72 13 .93 620 46.97 6.1% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .55 .00 1772 99.95 .39 6.55 12 .41 2192 99.86 6.06 1774 100.87 5. 5.15 .35 60 3.28 7.36 121 5.45 .32 5.15 81 4.00 . 8.8% COEF.2h 81 4.42 6. 5.75 3 .59 2183 98.39 13 .10 5.35 .25 . 4.15 .45 3 .55 140 7.05 2206 99.75 .37 1660 93.94 8.36 4.50 4.25 .90 1743 98.32 2199 99.75 . 6.27 20 .15 52 2.05 4.13 45 2.75 139 7.79 159 7.95 150 8.05 .20 798 36.35 0 .45 108 6.90 1704 96.10 1618 91. 5.55 1 .22 84 3.65 .94 8.00 1773 99.00 1773 99.83 21 .25 .55 42 2.64 .85 23 1.95 8.05 .75 20 1.30 1727 97.85 . 5.22 .00 2207 99.84 6.35 .15 1 .40 122 5.46 1235 69.94 5.21 7 .63 6.15 5.89 8.95 16 .85 .38 1563 88. 6.25 1705 77. 7.65 3 .91 7.00 1773 99.05 1 .05 2207 99.65 .85 126 7.65 5.45 55 3.14 4.31 116 5.00 8.80 1984 09. 4.59 2129 96. 8.91 4.48 129 5.95 51 2.

05 15.58 15.95 20TH 36.48 15.53 35.07 97TH 44.52 12.44 13.76 15TH 36.83 39.03 32.45 16.29 32.31 16.55 38.32 35.38 17.80 42.73 14.67 45.75 13.37 17.47 44.61 14.75 14.98 16.55 40TH 38.99 16.03 17.14 39.09 13.69 34.81 50TH 39.67 15.29 14.87 14.73 80TH 41.34 13.38 70TH 40.82 15.91 12.55 15.96 3RD 34.70 17.32 40.68 45TH 38.77 99TH 45.01 36.17 5TH 34.78 13.57 1ST 33.74 95TH 43.67 16.50 15.38 14.84 15.26 90TH 42.33 98TH 44.22 65T1 40.95 13. The subject stands erect with the feet about 10 cm apart and the weight distributed equally on both feet.27 30TH 37.63 14.12 15.19 13.07 34.70 36.95 55TH 39.12 25TH 37.52 10TH 35.86 36.00 60TH 39.54 75TH 40.93 12.20 43.25 14.42 37.41 35TH 38.89 14.97 15.34 14.69 38.96 14.16 15.15 37. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CI INCHIS CM INCOES 31.80 2ND 33.52 16.14 17.31 15.46 33.46 13.20 15.(76) LOWER THIGH CIRCUMFERENCE The horizontal circumference of the right thigh at the level of the suprapatella landmark at the top of the knee is measured with a tape.88 17.69 17.47 15.53 41.96 14.98 39.96 85TH 41.99 224 .28 37.

OF VARIATION = 7.00 MAXIMUM 19.75 . 45.13 2075 93.90 5 .25 .00 2206 99.26 178 8.75 .39 25 1.75 112 6.08 119 5.75 .18 54 2.25 .20 MAXIMUM 19.36 SYMMETRY---VETA I a .47 1469 82.25 6 . LOWER THIGH CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES INCHES cM INCHES 37.38 41 1.75 53 2.26 18 . 43.86 146 6.00 1773 99.75 17 .25 80 4.89 1 .18 2201 99.91 48. 33.51 21 1.75 111 6. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES v Flat Cum? Cumlpct CENTINMTERS F FPct CuMF CumFPct 29.93 523 23.73 34 1.75 .25 2 .75 34.15 157 7.22 82 3.75 .04 COEF.71 STD DEVIATION 1.25 102 5.75 127 7.25 . 42.75 13 .86 39.32 45.25 .00 1 .13 55 2.86 1967 89.25 75 4.30 MINIMUM 11.75 3 .37 49.25 127 7.93 30.25 .77 46.03 2. 36.06 1774 100.09 2.25 .00 225 .25 .13 2139 96.16 905 51.25 1 . 38.09 40.U9 2205 99.40 KURTOSIS---VETA II .11 3 .74 42.65 1651 93.67 38.46 43.34 1149 52.25 5 .12 85 3.45 34.98 41.75 MEAN VALUE 14.72 2 .94 2 .75 .75 143 8.75 .01 162 7.04 37.75 .05 44.23 19 .06 1773 99.75 55 3.75 .38 4 .06 4 .75 73 4. 43.36 31.3% COEF.75 5 .75 .04 SE(STD DEV) .25 9 .25 .05 1173 66. 37.25 .75 13 . 34.25 1 .99 39.04 4 .31 6 . OF VARIATION = 6.06 1764 99.68 27 1.06 987 44.34 1763 99.64 43. 34.76 STD DEVIATION 1.06 1048 59.49 32.16 78 3.45 136 6.25 29 1.45 1744 98.17 7 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .11 324 18.06 8 .50 30 1.26 1284 72.96 1736 97.17 1772 99.85 1926 87.28 38.76 219 9.69 44.43 .75 .88 42.25 .25 .06 SE(mEAN) .52 1450 65.92 83 3.23 40.90 95 4.73 1757 99. 41. 40.76 2028 91.42 25 1. 31.25 .07 17 . 31.70 144 6.18 MEAN VALUE 15.34 61 2.82 2174 98.63 30. 47.93 131 5. 30. 47.10 1604 90.06 1 .27 6 .77 2156 97.09 2203 99.27 30. 36.96 1372 77.63 1719 96.25 1 .01 126 5.25 .92 129 5. 42.68 46. 38.81 47 2.09 2208 100.39 1841 03.75 .75 0 .69 35.11 KURTOSIS---VETA II .18 2197 99.64 36.61 1596 72.25 88 4.75 . 33.05 2206 99.28 1769 99.25 8 .75 .75 0 .02 .85 41.23 2179 98.44 2 .75 1 .36 2187 99.07 . 35.02 .86 31.25 .84 652 29. 45.75 97 5.75 1 .28 12 .32 39 1.30 392 17.29 SYMMETRY---VETA I m .15 37.25 .24 56 3.75 .53 35.25 3 .94 0 .75 . 32.25 36 2. 48.11 1306 59.20 1690 95. 39.75 87 4.23 251 14. 32. 44.25 22 1.70 36.75 39 2.25 113 6. 46.11 809 36.75 .75 31 1.9% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 31.91 47.51 1549 87.06 6 . 49.50 45. 30.25 .75 426 24.25 .16 33.71 1722 77.36 14 .75 . 46.25 47 2.71 32.25 .06 SE(K3AN) .10 MINIMUM 11. 44.23 11 .27 2193 99. 3.05 Sz(STD DEV) .85 49.75 .77 2114 95. 41.00 48.53 297 13. 43.16 778 43.86 47.92 33.37 651 36.02 30.38 39.25 125 7.25 .31 538 j-33 157 7. 49.86 8 . 3. 35. 39.75 .99 176 9.03 123 6.17 5 .

18 4.58 10.34 _ 12.27 4.74 5.01 4.23 12.52 4. The teeth are lightly occluded.86 5.24 10.39 10.96 1ST 10.09 4.17 10TH 11.40 4.73 11.57 5.64 4.03 4.49 55TH 12.64 4.02 4.62 11.41 226 .37 35TH 11.74 4.07 12.39 4.79 11.71 85TH 12.97 11.18 4.01 2ND 10.48 4.04 5.62 75TH 12.52 4.84 4. 11.36 4.48 10.56 4.53 4.34 10.34 30TH 11.43 45TH 12.25 4.09 5TH 11.96 4.29 5.27 20TH 11.33 4.(77) MENTON-SELLION LENGTH The distance between the menton landmark at the bottom of the chin and the sellion landmark at the deepest point of the nasal root depression is measured with a sliding caliper.40 40TH 12.13 12.55 65TH 12.01 11.04 3RD 11.58 70TH 12.89 11.30 25TH 11.73 4.87 95TH 13.66 80TH 12.69 11.11.84 4.45 5.59 4.30 12.10 4.93 4. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 10.77 90TH 13.16 4.30 10.93 97TH 13.93 S .77 4.34 4.17 4.06 99TH 13.65 4.82 -" 11.98 98TH 13.22 15TH 11.54 10.43 4.86 11.93 4.76 11.46 50TH 12.74 5.52 60TH 12.25 4.73 4.87 5.92 4.62 4.06 3.12 4.37 4.83 4.66 A.

26 157 7.68 36 1.34 16 .62 1424 80.65 . .45 .94 14.35 .34 63 2.79 10.33 11 .21 433 19.65 .15 106 5.63 10.89 14.13.14.05 2207 99.55 9 .23 1260 71.56 11.18 9.93 163 9.17 57 2.03 1644 92.30 550 24.11.06 2 .23 .65 .03 16 .57 1436 65.11.41 2175 98.35 97 5.85 .28 14.11.81 98 4.98 654 48.44 1608 90.25 2 .40 10.61 10.13.49 13.12.10.56 79 3.98 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.85 1748 98.74 10.00 SE(STD DEV) .10.25 0 .10 26 1.00 1773 99.25 82 3.45 17 .55 .69 1i65 66.25 133 7.22 1 .91 10.07 58 3.95 51 2.94 14.05 2 .21 106 4.12.00 1772 99.15 .36 2183 98.77 14.51 1733 97.16 65 2.36 21 .09 2150 97.95 13.49 1851 83. OF VARIATION = 5.12.75 2 .59 9.00 58 2.61 286 16.05 105 5.02 SE(MEAN) .65 4 .98 13.12.13.04 11.41 117 5.95 .25 30 1.05 2208 100.35 57 2.15 .05 .14.75 98 5.02 CORP.00 .55 .95 85 4.10.91 13.12.55 .55 11.13.00 SE(MAN) .89 14.15 .05 .35 .52 465 26.85 1 .94 14.12.85 .65 82 4.69 110 4.13.24 558 31.00 SE(STD DEV) .09 2 .55 3 .85 .35 .19 SYMHETRY---VETA I .83 SYMMEERY---VETA I . 9.65 0 .47 12.10.95 8 .73 12.05 .55 64 3.35 .51 25 1.49 2053 92.51 12.00 .55 1 .85 93 5.35 .00 2 .61 14.82 10.25 31 1.05 15 .10.25 .75 .55 0 .65 9 .00 13.06 1496 84.14.13.95 .13.65 .18 2206 99.55 .44 10.81 11.95 .00 9.30 81 4.53 1558 70.80 1707 96.47 11.13.45 .98 12.11 1772 99.05 19 1.51 145 6. 9.88 702 31.1 132 5.85 72 4.11 12.06 40 1.10.55 .11.14.06 1774 100.75 9 .53 13.00 227 .09 9.75 6 .27 9.57 1002 45.11.14.36 2202 99. MENTON-SELLION LENGTH FEMALES MALES cM INCHES CM INCHES 11.47 1084 61.85 7 .95 14 .35 1 .13 2100 95.35 MEAN VALUE 4.55 75 4.02 857 38.45 101 5.39 10.85 .05 .65 .35 0 .45 .11 43 1.50 2194 99.25 .89 14.65 81 4.11.69 111 6. 5.96 1724 97.57 145 6.35 32 1.65 .85 9 .18 13.33 222 12.72 2166 98.15 3 .15 1 .29 12.15 .00 1772 99.95 .75 .11.63 10.60 STD DEVIATION .75 0 .14.00 2207 99.10.57 367 20.17 1760 99.19 MEAN VALUE 4.95 .45 77 3.83 11.69 13.25 .94 1998 90.14.64 4 .62 1342 75.27 8 .45 .14 55 2.14.58 340 15.85 261 11.80 1774 80.04 13.75 .40 MAXIMUM 5.71 1933 87.06 22 1.79 643 36.18 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 2.85 .34 11. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES p Fpct Cumr? CumPftt CNINTRRS 7 ft Cump Cumyfta 2 .09 6 .25 .85 3 .10.42 0 .13.51 1157 99.65 15 .80 .20 152 6.45 0 .37 12.06 3 .11.58 198 8.45 .87 12.97 10.95 13.12.45 59 3.05 .54 11.75 .50 987 55.18 2126 96.50 MINIMUM 3.38 11.10.11.98 1668 75.10 MINIMUM 3.75 82 4. .95 9.55 .80 24 1.15 23 1.14.87 1547 87.20 8 .67 1 .95 141 6.21 13.17 1770 99.95 5 .11 1159 52.06 1773 99.28 1765 99. 9.3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS a 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .98 1291 58.45 .32 13 .12.65 STD DEVIATION .75 .23 10 .75 .11.64 47 2.09 4 .25 .12 122 5.10 12.00 1 .37 12.12.75 1675 94.90 93 4.09 9.15 36 2. 9.06 1 .80 MAXIMUM 5.00 1773 99. OF VARIATION .65 2 .3% CORP.15 .11 1767 99.10.92 748 42.79 39 2.45 1 .05 61 3.49 12.26 .17 6 .27 155 7.49 11.12.13. 9.00 .

The subject sits erect looking straight ahead.28 22.23 25TH 61.58 60.12 22.71 27.00 3RD 57.25 59.98 62.65 23.6? 26.68 24.64 63.44 25.96 59.55 24.05 24.99 25.84 15Th 60.36 27.14 25.47 23.92 21.76 61.05 64.59 10TH %9.27 26.31 228 . 23 66 56.60 1ST 56.09 23.69 53. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 52.88 22.77 25. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.54 25.26 22.35 21.94 B0TH 65.74 25.23 57.W.97 54.83 45TH 62.32 24.36 22.64 22.06 97TH 68.04 24.84 21.31 23.12 24.24 98TH 68.38 55.48 21.00 22.39 57.82 95TH 67.00 22.25 .80 23.05 24.66 25.54 35TH 61.98 50TH 63.05 20TH 60.12 55TH 63.16 52.46 22.39 23. SITTING The vertical distance between a sitting surface and the midshoulder landmark at the top of the right shoulder is measured with an anthropometer.82 58.10 25.31 20.40 24.54 58.88 64.57 70TH 64. -_63.41 65TH 64.69 40TH 62.95 24.15 85TH 65.84 2ND 57.97 25.(78) MIDSHOULDER HEIGHT.74 75TH 64.35 24.39 30TH 61.49 99TH 69.68 58.43 90TH 66.72 23.87 23.26 60TH 63.06 56.66 26. 22.88 56.64 22.94 20.23 5TH 5x.49 53.10 59. The shoulders and upper arms are relaxed and the forearms and hands are extended forward horizontally with the palms facing each other.41 60..

90 56 3.25 . 67.31 2145 97.25 4 .32 4 .18 2203 99.20 1690 95.03 2.07 935 42.06 1 .06 7 .25 .95 67.75 .43 4 .65 168 9.32 73.57 1856 84.58 170 7. 60. 58.75 .21 53.25 .00 2207 99.21 1606 90.75 92 5. 50..99 1061 59.70 53.05 49.85 KURTOSIS---VBTA II .43 1633 73.19 63.75 .75 26 1.05 2208 100.75 4 ..05 49.71 55.53 283 12.72 37 1.75 26 1.25 .11 78 3.75 . 62.82 1182 66.75 49 2.56 1765 99.52 83 4.48 1230 55. --.91 2188 99. 60.25 -.98 479 21. 65.25 .36 50.02 .25 .18 2199 99.16 152 6.00 MAXIMUM 28.95 66.66 282 15. 65. 72.16 62.82 29 1.36 563 31.09 2.38 94 4. 68.27 14 .40 MEAN VALUE 22.75 114 6.77 65.75 92 5.25 4 .75 .08 SYMMETRY---VETA I .25 92 5. 67.77 STD DEVIATION 1.26 0 .48 60.25 47 2.83 70.05 50.75 .75 . 70.28 54. 55.75 .93 1 . 69.28 56. 50.25 1 .11 1771 99. 63.00 2207 99. 66.69 55.75 .22 691 38.15 63.. 55.75 .75 95 5.95 66.00 229 .32 2195 99.25 .90 122 5.82 STD DEVIATION 1. 73.11 .68 52. MIDSHOULDER HEIGHT. 52.00 1773 99.35 61.23 120 5.25 27 1.25 .00 1771 99.75 124 6. -.47 144 6.75 1 . 64.76 811 45.75 7 .88 1087 49. 51.07 O .25 .75 51 2. 57.09 64.75 .80 MINIMUM 19.25 14 . 53.25 .31 148 6.25 1 .74 SYMMETRY---VETA I .75 2 .89 369 16.81 .. 56.14 17 .- Ii.76 217 12.75 .68 143 6.75 .. 54.96 59.25 0 .58 205 3.25 . 72.95 62 2.68 40 2.75 .68 2116 95.70 779 35.25 .25 45 2.67 0 .74 67 3. 71.90 130 5.i.25 128 7.03 MEAN VALUE 24.82 139 6.06 1774 100.75 38 2.41 64.06 57 2.75 16 .25 .25 .30 468 26.19 1388 78.7% COEF.04 2168 98.93 COEF.00 2207 99.79 1755 98.94 72. 66.25 .34 16 .04 SE(STD DEV) . 59. 64.58 56.3 6 .25 69 3.25 .75 39 2.35 57. 2.75 0 . 58.25 12 .71 58.75 .06 KURTOSIS---VETA II .25 .18 63 2.32 61..23 57.24 4 .25 126 7.54 97 4.00 2207 99.63 51.99 63.75 0 .75 .89 71.25 20 . 49.75 120 6.25 1 . 62. .75 . 2.81 23 1. 61.77 51.25 0 .89 609 27.39 53.80 MINIMUM 21.25 25 1..25 156 7. 68.95 68.03 2017 91. 51.00 1 .94 72.75 .54 1651 93. OF VARIATION = 4.23 1769 99.19 1480 83. 63.75 .25 94 5.75 .43 1296 73.25 6 .06 1773 99.00 58.05 1 .02 .18 69. 56.49.10 937 52.71.19 374 21. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES 7 FPat CuaN Cwarftt Cm!IETERS 1 Vfct Curn? CU=aftt 1 .75 .52 59.25 6 .08 101 4.82 54.75 .06 60.25 .63 20 ..34 86 3.75 57 3..53 0 .49 69.00 69.83 71.75 .95 67.05 SE(STD DV) .75 12 .89 1549 87. 59.06 SN(4EAN) .56 110 4. 69.75 .41 1715 96.75 1 .25 34 1.25 .32 8 . 57. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .06 2 .53 1755 79.52 1513 68.75 10 .75 .00 2207 99.23 10 .75 3 . 70.81 2079 94. 53. 54.25 65 3.00 1 .25 .07 SE (mmN) .40 MAXIMUM 27.83 62.59 65.25 . .25 121 6.26 1950 88.06 1772 99.91 37 1. ~~ ~~ ~ ~ ~ ~I"~ ~ ~ I~ ~I ~~-.00 1 .25 .72 70..47 1741 98. 61.14 0 .85 52. OF VARIATION = 4.18 2207 99.5% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .05 48.25 .68 28 1.25 0 . SITTING FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 58. .02 48.95 68.30 1369 62.14 121 6. 52.

53 10.50 50TH 27.46 23.60 230 .56 10.34 9.67 10.47 10TH 25.02 9.01 3RD 24.96 31.65 12.18 35TH 26.85 10.45 85TH 29.78 12.27 9.13 10.00 12.38 11.92 12.20 11.00 24.08 11.61 24. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 22.34 22. The subject stands erect looking straight ahead.72 10.88 9.65 30.06 30TH 26.99 10.29 40TH 26.82 99TH 32. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.06 28.88 2ND 23.67 1ST 23. 27.14 10.94 25TH 25.24 10.32 97TH 30.96 70TH 28.42 26.53 9. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.66 15TH 25.16 22.51 26.12 25.55 8.85 10.10 75TH 28.77 .84 24.59 11.30 12.02 8.33 12.34 32.95 10.92 10.96 27.70 11.39 45TH 26.40 10.26 80TH 28.23 25.40 10.30 29.07 95TH 30.45 29.36 10.61 55TH 27.68 26.19 5TH 24.60 26.17 28.(79) NECK-BUSTPOINT/rHELION LENGTH The distance between the trapezius landmark at the right side of the neck and the right bustpoint landmark on women or the right ripple (thelion) on men is measured with a tape.48 10.37 11.60 11.70 11.25 9.86 27.40 9.81 20TH 25.23 10.69 90TH 29.33 25.51 98TH 31.91 9.59 10.73 9.70 10.72 60TH 27.84 65TH 27.04 9.08 11.09 11.17 31.00 9.83 10.57 12.

40 22. OF VARIATION = 8. 21.05 19.80 16 .30 264 11.49 169 7.21 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.25 .40 MAXIMUM 13. 26. 72 3.29 187 8. 25.75 231 .75 . 31.75 .81 STD DEVIATION .27 26. 28.0%.16 29.35 1985 89. 21.80 MEAN VALUE 10.66 6 .75 .85 1750 98.09 95 4.03 27.25 .14 235 13.27 17 .75 .63 2115 95.25 1 .88 25.75 15 .72 2162 97.25 . NECK-BUSTPOINT/THELION LENGTH FEMALES MALES cm INCHES CM INCHES 26.25 1 .41 527 29.25 12 .64 1531 86.23 39 1.16 24.25 .79 31 1.25 . 23.23 1772 99.82 2180 98.25 2 .44 1677 94.25 1717 96.02 2.27 2205 99.02 .73 .55 27.24 MEAN VALUE 10.30 74 3.25 . 30.20 MAXIMUM 13.75 .25 .75 125 7.65 19 .25 109 6. 33.41 11 .06 25 1.89 1911 86. OF VARIATION = 6.55 5 .75 85 4.90 29.25 1 .21 379 17.75 57 3.75 0 .25 6 .23 27.75 214 12. 29.85 1431 80.03 SE(STD DEV) .13 37 2. 32.66 28.09 32.15 . 34.88 1.75 1126 63.00 2 . 30.75 . 27.35 25. 24.3% COEF.67 108 4.20 MINIMUM 7.80 69 3.71 .71 197 8.06 1 .13 53 2.53 58 2.75 .32 32.00 35.73 17 .92 31.25 100 5.34 1274 71.75 .25 18 1.50 28 1.25 61 3.25 . 29.05 360 20.94 34.04 SE(MEAN) .77 209 9.20 MINIMUM 8.47 935 42.21 126 7 10 182 8.05 SE(MEAN) .25 187 8.06 741 41.77 21.75 .79 1616 91.25 32 1.25 .11 1774 100. 31.74 35.75 157 8.46 SYMMETRY---VETA I = .96 23. 34.73 26.31 SYMMETRY---VETA I a .00 20.26 2057 93.27 2199 99.75 . 26.95 34.09 20.36 2188 99.55 28. 35. 35. 33.40 2146 97.79 30.25 .25 2 .73 31.47 1341 60.89 115 5.23 1766 99.47 159 7.03 SE(STD DEV) .75 40 2.75 173 9.24 561 25.75 .89 6 .25 212 11.47 748 33.95 34.11 1768 99.75 20 1.82 142 6.41 24.75 4 .25 COEF. 32. 25.01 1735 97.72 161 7.95 953 53.09 2207 99.23 STD DEVIATION .43 1803 81.68 1762 99.23 2193 99.05 2 .75 .00 .25 .75 11 .50 20. 23. 20.25 167 9.25 13 .86 33.7% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F FPCt Cump Cumpct CENTIEBTERS F FPct Cuml CumPt 1 . 22.92 1132 51.19 30.95 22.65 23. 27.75 9 .25 .59 33.20 1661 75.33 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3. 28. 20.75 .29 1502 68.32 8 .17 4 .96 77 3.17 22.00 2207 99. 22.25 .75 4 .75 3 .05 2208 100.05 1 .77 92 4.27 21.25 .75 .25 . 24.25 148 8.75 .25 .

32 32.47 55TH 38.63 14.21 32.23 15.92 15.32 45TH 37.39 50TH 37.87 14.54 12. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES Ch INCUIS CM INCUIES 28. The subject stands erect with the head in the Frankfort plane.99 * 30.82 12.92 80TH 39.37 15.70 13.25 13.04 13.44 32.81 75Th 39. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.53 13.96 14.68 11.09 12.28 34.63 15.17 12.15 13.55 60TH 38.93 11.25 16.29 12.22 90TH 40.17 13.66 97TH 41.27 11.31 2ND 34.50 5TH 34.07 12.24 25TH 30TH 35TH 40TH 36.30 12.22 11.68 10TH 35.19 1ST 33.38 14.87 16.31 14.01 31.52 14.43 11.12 15.29 1 30.11 32.66 13.90 13.(80) NECK CIRCUMFERENCE The circumference of the neck at the level of the infrathyroid landmark (Adam's apple) is measured with a tape.87 12.67 12.25 28.16 30.62 14.58 15. The plane of the measurement is perpendicular to the long axis of the neck.71 30.87 232 .41 14.48 35.72 31.88 37.92 20TH 36.45 28.75 33.48 12.61 36.10 12.73 11.48 13.86 16.91 31.58 13.02 99TH 42.50 30.81 15TH 35.74 29.34 16.81 S31.53 15.14 37.64 35.58 33.01 12.05 85TH 40.71 70TH 38.57 29.48 95TH 41.00 15.80 98TH 42.96 34.39 3RD 34.63 65TH 38.60 14.91 31.00 11.

27 2175 98.25 .48 236 10.69 1743 78.75 .93 7 .26 115 5. 31.75 1739 98.25 .77 45.25 31 1. 47.25 .00 1770 99.?5 .25 .25 93 5.25 53 2.26 334 18.77 44.55 38.25 .75 116 6.06 1 .25 .69 1708 96.17 1768 99.70 37.25 .05 14 .25 50 2.33 442 20. 38.50 35.56 1765 99.75 .21 28.89 46.05 sE(MEAN) . 39.18 2208 100.95 28.75 0 .50 COEF. 39.50 SYMMETRY---VSTA I .00 1770 99.65 47.03 SE(MEAN) . 45.19 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.25 5 .45 114 5.22 850 47. 46.75 .75 .75 36 2.44 37. 30. 44. 30.13 39 2.94 32.25 301 13.25 164 9.40 43 1.27.75 .25 0 .25 31 1.93 42.06 264 11.06 477 26.17 165 7. 40.25 111 6.75 .25 5 . 43.00 233 .91 964 43.25 .99 40.11 1774 100.75 . 28.28 8 .25 31.75 .63 1265 57.75 285 12.24 1561 87. 31.75 199 11. 42. 46.75 .82 125 7.25 10 .41 32.25 237 10.75 3 .51 34.75 .20 MAXIMUM 14.99 1678 94.75 1 . 36.25 .25 . 35.75 .25 .25 .97 STD DEVIATION .00 .75 . 35. 44.29 31.8% CORP.75 .11 1770 99.75 30. 42. 34.25 .02 SE(STD DEV) .58 33.90 1755 98.75 .97 38.75 .11 3 .36 2197 99.66 43.25 .43 37.27.61 1625 91.36 SYMMETRY---VETA I .89 46.75 167 9.25 171 9.57 MEAN VALUE 12. 41.75 .28 41.25 2 .82 36.36 2147 97.25 . OF VARIATION = 5.20 MINIMUM 10.00 . 37.64 1021 57.75 206 9.75 143 8. 34.25 .41 1188 66.25 .75 .25 .60 40.05 26.62 19 1.75 64 3.03 SE(STD DEV) . 32.00 36.73 679 30.24 1352 76.24 34. 33. NECK CIRCUMFERENCE FEMALES MALES INC=S CM INCHES 31.00 MAXIMUM 18.21 39.57 8 .75 2 .00 1772 99.75 16 .94 .60 MINIMUM 12.88 33.77 45.75 6 .06 214 9. 29.25 2 . 38. OF VARIATION = 4.77 44.75 .75 30 1.71 31.54 1469 82.25 0 . 32.03 75 4.75 0 .91 37.25 20 1.27 12 .05 1 .89 4 . 33. 29.02 29.49 43.54 27.32 KURTOSIS---VETA II 3.96 1529 69. 43. 36.23 6 .75 .75 39. .25 .32 2204 99.75 72 3.00 27.00 1 .28.00 1770 99.59 41.75 0 .75 .47 1908 86.53 STD DEVIATION .2% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES p Flvt CumF CumFPCt CENTIMETRRS P FPlt CUaP CuPPCt 1 . 37.60 1.16 2022 91. 45.23 28 1.20 52 2.27 27.69 29.75 11 .25 121 5.77 .25 174 9.52 223 12.02 1.63 2189 99. 41.31 2095 94.25 2 .07 73 3.14 35.96 MEAN VALUE 14.03 42.75 98 5.81 651 36.11 1772 99. 40.25 .66 30.

24 99TH 46. The subject stands erect with the head in the Frankfort plane.40 2ND 36.86 65TH 41.81 10TH 38.91 12.25 35.21 13. BASE The circumference of the base of the neck is measured by a tape passing over the drawn lateral and anterior neck landmarks.76 14.03 12.53 45TH 40.15 13.49 17.85 14.61 50TH 40.03 98TH 45.99 14.15 14.28 15.96 157H 38.28 16.50 31.05 34.47 90TH 43.42 14.30 31.91 17.68 38.75 15.45 15.28 1ST 36.44 40TH 40.71 15.12 15. .72 12.26 33.64 33.33 17.85 38.02 16.32 14.60 35.45 37.01 15.05 18.30 85TH 42.15 34.18 25TH 39. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.94 16.35 13.63 32.93 13.33 14. .95 34.05 75TH 42.18 12.07 32.61 STH 37.84 16.90 97TH 44.90 36.49 3RD 37.75 34.52 15.40 33.13 234 .98 13.77 60TH 41.27 15.21 13.74 36.71 13.47 35.52 16.59 14.73 95TH 44.17 BOTH 42.16 16.95 70TH 41.55 16.77 13.56 13.07 20TH 39.18 15.53 33.(81) NECK CIRCUMFERENCE.36 35.69 55TH 41. _____ THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 31.27 30TH 39.44 13.83 14.50 12.70 14.12 37.36 35TH 40.74 15.80 32.34 17. .85 34.55 12.47 13.77 16.

25 .06 1771 99.39 13 .00 1770 99. 47.25 .25 .25 201 11.75 .92 37 1.50 MAXIMUM 19.75 81 3.54 2199 99.75 1 .75 .28 217 9.95 39.75 157 8.75 .75 0 . 35. 49.29 KURTOSIS---VETA II .75 .16 36.7% COEF.53 13. 37. BASE FEMALES MALES C-4 INCHES Cm INCHES 34.52 1710 96.75 .03 SE(STD DEV) .77 47.73 145 6.75 .75 166 9.25 4 .25 1 .00 1770 99.13 30.23 1766 99.0% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .02 1. . 44.00 235 .05 STD DEVIATION .97 5 .08 .59 38.25 .23 1770 99.12 0 .79 35.25 120 5.89 174 9.UO 2187 99. 43.80 2079 94.85 1228 69.75 182 8.75 .25 .00 939 42.75 .41 1735 97.48 105 5.68 1459 66.66 12 . 39.33.81 22 1.31.25 262 11.57 1995 90.77 47. 49.86 84 3.75 .25 28 1. 3. 34.25 112 6.33 3 .14 2207 99. 46. 37.83 1676 ?% -1 35. 42.03 SZ(MRAN) .04 1683 94.13 33 1.39 34.87 44.75 1 .25 5 .08 34. 50.25 .25 0 .24 452 20.63 STD DEVIATION .25 25 1.25 7 .31.05 37.75 44 2.25 . 48.25 .25 2 .09 8 .68 1762 99.05 Sg(MEAN) .43 270 12.35 36.25 156 8.77 43.00 2207 99.75 15 . 40.75 . 38.79 31.02 SE(STD DEV) .37 41.75 27 1.79 1557 87.94 49.88 1850 83.83 48.28 5 . 39. OF VARIATION .85 1750 98.67 150 6.25 85 4. 1774 FREQUENCY !ABLE FEMALES MALES F FPct CUmF CumlPot MUTIMETERS F FPct CuMF CuMFPot 6 .05 38.25 . 43.25 .44 49 2.75 .84 HMA VALUE 16.98 42.13 31. 41.62 HEAN VALUE 13. 32.25 .06 1773 99.75 .05 674 30.25 54 3.39 44. 48.47 32.75 258 11.77 48.30.25 .82 39.58 61 3.25 12 .75 111 6.75 265 12.50 1361 76. 45. 5. OF VARIATION .00 .05 2206 100.34 174 7.00 29.65 45.80 MINIMUM 11.75 .36 538 30.92 870 49.00 40. 42.74 40. 34. NECK CIRCUMFERENCE. 36. 35.25 .25 .90 MAXIMUM 16.99 69 3.25 .36 30.22 2128 96.27 29.63 40.23 2204 99. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .75 1 . 47.32.94 50.00 .75 .87 1201 54. 38.75 .33 1071 60.75 .06 1774 100.10 50.26 1472 82.75 .85 260 14.75 . 45.31 372 20.25 222 10. 46.80 45. 41.22 41.75 176 9.64 2.75 17 .75 86 4.06 6 .25 69 3. 4.75 .75 .72 42.04 1 .27 6 .75 20 1.81 .25 44 1.00 j773 99.25 .48 COEF.83 43.75 1 . 36.38 37.75 4 .25 0 .23 32.06 1772 99.79 694 39.25 .21 SYMMETRY---VETA I . 40. 44.25 .90 MINIMUM 13.95 40.89 49.30.25 .53 33.88 SYMMETRY---VETA I .25 133 7. 50.06 1629 91.77 25 1.75 .25 33.73 34. 3.25 .32 46.68 2165 98.55 46.75 72 4.00 KURTOSIS---VETA II .

30 54.32 52.49 53..90 1?0.42 53.50 60TH 152.50 75TH 155.98 50.43 60.16 63.83 98TH 163.70 140.39 135.57 149.94 134.36 133.56 56.43 991% 164. LATERAL Tle vertical distance between a standing surface and the trapezius landmark on the right side of the neck is measured with an anthropometer.91 80TH 156.38 2ND 138.99 90TH 158.(82) NECK HEIGHT.06 144.22 5.10 10Th 143.31 5TU 140.15 61.41 25TH 146.38 I 153.08 61. The shoulders and upper extremities are relaxed.97 59. The subject stands erect with the head in the Frankfort plane.27 54.34 142.54 58.04 20Th 145.65 53.60 56.91 50TH 150.01 54.62 15TH 144.62 56.71 127.48 132.78 3RD 139.29 57.47 138.43 97TH 162.77 57.04 35Th 148.49 60.73 30TH 147.44 54.15 56.09 59.73 53.68 59. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.96 59.48 54.45 128.81 65TH 153.48 145.51 59.93 55.87 95TH 161.32 51.96 59.26 60. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCHES 126.78 57.45 150.97 50.30 49.96 147.93 62.97 55. The heels are together with the weight distributed equally on both feet.99 r 151.39 85TH 157.52 64.64 59.55 63.14 137.14 70TH 154.52 56.09 139.78 139.68 143.94 64.34 40TH 149.94 236 .66 52.76 55.39 61.01 1 141.20 55TH 151.72 1ST 136.79 136.31 58.76 57.13 60.62 45TH 150.74 54.39 140.

75 160 9.25 8 .75 3 .75 .89 171.56 135.25 155 8.25 144 8.15 SE(ANM ) .25 0 .07 107 4. .36 1 .18 121.25 94 5.129.80 1747 98.29 1296 73.18 88 3.147.65 MEAN VALUE 54. LATERAL FEMALES MALES 1 INCHES CM INS 139.68 2196 99.15 511 23.172.25 4 .25 .95 157.57 1878 85.75 173 9.36 72 3.25 41 2.12 SE(mKAN) .75 0 .06 90 4.09 SE(STD DEV) .04 120.28 180 8.42 .75 .141.132. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .06 4 .25 .23 2205 99.77 15 .166.20 148.25 .78 151.25 0 .85 2 .159.04 42 1.75 3 .72 SYMMETRY---VETA I .75 64 3.20 COEF.06 45 2.86 124.37 139.75 .00 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.123.160. OF VARIATION .75 .25 127 7.34 1768 99.157.75 .25 16 .00 1 .06 30 1.32 166.139.04 117 5.06 KURTOSIS---VETA II .94 36 1.35 136. OF VARIATION .75 .11 SYMMETRY---VETA I .67 162.25 1 .78 935 42.25 .86 156.23 9 .99 132.66 168.95 159.25 1 .85 1985 89.06 124 5. 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F Flct Cu.30 6.75 .89 147.31 2124 96.64 154.25 .98 150.75 0 .75 .171.75 117 6.38 130.83 1550 70.79 239 13.25 .68 21 1.08 207 9.20 141.82 138.99 233 10.06 1772 99.47 145 6.90 5? 2.05 .54 123.25 .18 216 9.09 90 5.25 .83 150.21 37 2. 4.75 .25 . .138. NECK HEIGHT.Z5 .75 100 5.48 163.162.00 2207 99.25 1 .47 1122 50.135.06 5.177.25 161 9.75 4 .61 154 8.69 21 . 3.156.21 1674 94.00 1772 99.153.75 4 .75 .89 172.12 500 28.42 719 32.55 1355 61.74 815 45.00 160.84 STD DEVIATION 2.25 .64 1523 85.127.51 208 9.30 1617 91.25 .75 988 55.25 .46 153.17 1771 99. 4.124.49 142.15 0 .174.163.16 STD DEVIATION 2.23 5 .06 23 1.148.75 .25 6 .142.63 2160 97.62 331 14.50 177.25 .16 1423 80.75 16 .07 195 8.2% COEF.90 145.10 MAXIMUM 69.25 .133.37 161.p Cuapat CIUTIISTIRS 7 flat Cu.75 0 .29 1733 78.32 19 .150.95 MEAN VALUE 59.05 2208 100.75 .23 1762 99.75 .75 .10 165.48 125.20 51 2.14 4 .00 1 .02 660 37.75 .95 2181 98.68 183 8.14 133.94 175.18 2200 99.09 187 8.121.05 144.126.05 1 .F Cun.25 85 4.00 1772 99.75 .31 1715 96.83 169.136.43 .154.30 129.75 147 8.06 1 .75 32 1.168.60 MINIMUM 47.175.09 2207 99.75 .75 .25 .26 127.05 120.06 1773 99.03 .25 .62 1758 99.00 1 .145.06 1774 100.151.75 7 .169.99 2073 93.25 11 .36 12 .75 12 .08 1149 64.00 237 .40 MINIMUM 49.165.ft 1 .10 SE(STD DXV) .90 37 2.25 .21 5 .75 57 3.25 0 .00 1 .60 356 20.144.1% NULBER OF SUBJECTS .75 .90 126.89 174.30 MAXIMUM 63.130.25 .75 1 .

56 78.80 209.59 75TH 229.83 1ST 200.50 65TH 226.50 88.46 238 .49 85.80 202.33 81.73 191.42 91.26 89.23 85. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CM IWCHF CM IZCHNS T 184.90 95.63 80.79 80.91 78.97 85TH 233. The palms of the hands rest on the scale.90 218.73 87.86 83.45 7i9.87 212.30 208.13 20TH 214.47 15TH 213.85 221.92 95.22 223.82 89.78 87.89 2ND 203.87 89.37 STH 207.08 50TH 223.83 84.64 76.00 96.78 98TH 242.7? 82.89 198.45 75.22 30TH 217.98 196.05 225.44 78.01 60TH 225.90 84. The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.32 203.63 194.71 35TH 219.54 55TH 224.54 86.62 45TH 221.32 210. The subject stands facing a wall-mounted scale with both arms extended overhead parallel to each other.54 82.29 82.76 77.68 73.85 92.93 88.02 70TH 228.02 87. The toes are 20 cm from the wall and the feet are about 10 cm apart.27 88.63 227.(83) OVERHEAD FINGERTIP REACH The vertical distance between a standing surface and the tip of the light middle finger when the arm is extended overhead is measured on a wall scale.32 205.30 95TH 239.17 40TH 220.92 90TH 235.70 25TH 216.06 189.53 3RD 205.32 94.26 86.35 80.23 201.22 79.98 72.31 83.96 187.10 81.54 88.61 199.43 95.80 207.63 10TH 210.69 99TH 245.78 90.83 204.94 81.46 215.16 97TH 241.31 74.07 83.06 80. A block is placed against the tip of the finger to establish the measurement.

55 .52 205.05 2206 99.27 179.46 72 3. 221. 263.06 17 . 199.04 185. 209. 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .92 1668 95.55 15 .11 102 4.55 7 .05 2205 99.58 201.29 219.55 93 5.77 249.72 2142 97.09 188 8.08 108 4.90 241.55 .55 .55 .83 239. 239. 215.94 265.55 .55 .89 261.55 .39 1978 89.77 2198 99.55 .55 0 .00 237.51 1084 49.06 5 .70 1416 64.55 .09 171.55 .00 1772 99.55 .23 105 4.83 253.00 1 .69 255. OVERHEAD FINGERTIP REACH FEMALES MALES INCHES Cm INCHES 206.55 0 .10 MINIMUM 67.55 128 7.06 1 . 3. .00 1772 99.02 KURTOSIS---VETA 1I .55 0 .75 1719 96. 197. 205.55 1 .55 1 . 193.81 187.55 .55 .173.55 .24 59 3.55 0 . 249.90 MINIMUM 70.99 144 6.55 .62 17 .75 STD DEVIATION 3.14 175.55 .05 KURTOSIS---VETA II .01 221.00 239 .55 1 . 3. 251.55 . 245.65 243.52 1726 78.64 9.00 1 . 253.55 149 6.55 .55 144 8. 267.177. 269. 243.55 111 6.75 1750 98.55 .99 174 7.55 1 .64 229.00 2164 98.00 1773 99.70 696 40.8 199.55 .09 2200 99.09 5 . 187. 229.22 519 29. 217.55 . 225.39 1770 99.79 704 31.17 211.55 .21 267. OF VARIATION .26 2104 95. 185.55 0 .55 1 .40 778 43.22 207.00 1 .55 .55 .55 .84 .09 2 .55 2 .55 157 8.08 17 .52 1416 79.11 4 .15 MEAN VALUE 81.55 56 3.55 .00 1771 99.28 151 6. 4.03 217.14 SE(STD DEV) . 241.06 1 .06 1773 99.23 SE(MEAN) .63 181.30 COEF.06 2 . 223.55 9 .09 173.15 239.31 391 22.55 31 1.05 .17 1763 99.55 . 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES F Flct Cun? CumFPct CZUTII4STSRS F FPct CumF CumlPct 2 .00 2 .55 34 1.55 . 189.5% COEF.20 S1(MEAN) .89 259.89 263. 237. 255.09 203. .00 1 .55 . 203.55 1 .06 16 .26 54 2.55 .55 0 .55 0 .55 .82 195 10.55 .06 1772 99.55 .55 60 3.06 172.55 1 .33 164 7.36 14 . 4. 235.38 1654 93.85 37 2.23 177.43 1248 56.24 2 .86 38 1. 261. 227. 257.55 0 .55 50 2.4% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS . 233.30 2 .55 22 1.55 98 5.79 172 7.58 215.26 195.55 .09 2208 100.55 .43 1562 71.30 MAXIMUM 94.55 .06 8 .05 6 .55 .17 164 7.77 2181 98.00 1772 99.08 .89 257.77 62 2.55 . 201.82 231.45 22 1.74 279 15.86 233.35 SYMMETRY---VETA I .55 1 .89 189.79 1594 69.94 267.55 .85 . 213.50 193. 183.71 22 1. 195.55 2 . 259.55 .175.72 30 1.16 145 8.55 227.01 223.00 1 .09 197.68 45 2.8 191. 211.55 30 1.09 9.65 209.24 STD DEVIATION 3.02 1659 84.55 .55 8 . 207.55 1 .16 SE(STD DZV) .06 46 2.55 128 7.45 2032 92.06 66 2.16 223.5S 3 . 191.19 213.55 85 4.78 225. OF VARIATION . 247.36 183.82 4 .84 532 24.06 1774 100.55 .51 14 .55 0 .73 133 6.20 629 35.55 .24 1509 85.55 31 1.56 1760 99.06 1771 99.76 179.55 0 .55 .26 1190 67.62 276 12.83 251.55 .76 381 17.02 170 7.24 192 8.38 247.55 112 6.55 .07 SYMNETRY---VETA I .60 MAXIMUM 105. 231.55 . 265.00 1772 99.55 . 179. 219.55 0 .06 15 .05 3 .55 10 .22 1318 74.85 1 .04 119 5.55 110 6.85 935 52.55 84 4.55 .16 2204 99.21 245.69 89 5. 181.55 0 .14 MEAN VALUE 87.12 1079 60.91 235.

40 85.98 225. The subject stands on his/her toes facing a wal-mounted scale with both arms parallel and extended overhead as high as possible.30 84.10 92.20 233.17 55TH 233.34 208.47 89.16 222.69 221.30 77.20 86. The toes are 20 cm from the wall and the feet are about 10 cm apart.66 220.80 80.45 197.60 88.28 75TH 239.40 91.68 87. The palms of the hands rest on the scale.72 240 .14 84.45 93.38 99.16 205.28 35Th 228.66 90TH 245.(84) OVERHEAD FINGERTIP REACH.93 80TH 241.69 85TH 243.35 87.01 88.28 2ND 212.53 94.75 237.25 25TH 226. 94 78.11 235.68 87.28 91.26 95.93 82.76 83.60 213.56 85.56 211.10 215.39 7?.72 89.61 218.56 98TH 253.83 90.57 76.76 40TH 230.28 88.26 94.97 200.68 83. CH IMCKS CH ICHRS 193.65 207.06 95TH 249.14 220.21 1ST 209.52 91.94 97TH 251.31 86.09 212.60 216.76 231.77 96.14 90.22 92.10 217. EXTENDED The vertical distance between a standing surface and the tip of the right middle finger when the arm is extended overhead as high as possible is measured on a wall scale.27 82.70 50TH 232.77 227.66 91.44 98.96 81.78 30TH 227.69 70TH 237.93 92.23 45TH 231.10 8nl.84 86.48 99TH 255.52 224.56 93.54 83.65 3RD 5TH 10TH 15TH 20TH 214.65 60Th 235.98 93.95 84.98 210.74 99. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MAES J .90 82.73 -i203.34 85.16 65TH 236.84 1W0. A block is placed against the tip of the finger to establish the measurement The measurement is taken at the maximum point of quiet respiration.39 216.30 223.65 196.

28 9 .65 215.55 . 225.55 125 7.47 1519 85.55 5 .86 1681 94. 227.11 74 3.06 39 1.55 0 .13 :91.43 157 7.95 149 6. 251. 199. 271.08 2151 97.06 1774 100.24 205.55 .55 10 .89 265.55 .55 7 .45 16 . 255.72 189.55 1 .10 209.55 . 275.35 228 10. 213.55 .24 1743 98.55 2 .55 .25 607 27.55 .00 1 .55 .18 47 2. 269.63 193.55 47 2. 205.07 182.00 1773 99.187.91 56 2.55 .78 174 7.55 . 281.55 .55 . 279.55 0 .01 KURTOSIS---VETA II = 3.55 52 2.55 0 .50 2196 99. 221. 277.42 231.90 2045 92.78 232.189. 249. 215.94 273.00 247.55 .06 59 2.44 257.13 67 3.00 1770 99. OF VARIATION = 4.55 1 .50 STD DEVIATION 3.74 9.90 1 .55 0 . 239.47 248.80 MEAN VALUE 91.55 . 273.55 .55 40 2.183.06 20 .55 6 .64 312 17.55 0 .96 235.90 190 8.89 1317 59.06 11 .55 .65 . 203. 261. 223.63 2185 98.3% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .05 223.55 .14 183.00 1773 99.76 217.14 SE(STD DEV) .55 0 .00 241 .02 1422 80.12 1101 62. 193.95 245.97 199.00 1772 99.55 144 8.55 20 1.09 6 . 235.94 275.00 1 . 219.55 .55 . OVERHEAD FINGERTIP REACH.09 9.06 1771 99.55 0 . 191.46 237.11 1474 66.34 1596 89.59 120 5.55 .15 977 44.77 261.93 1648 92.55 . EXTENDED FEMALES MALES CM INCHES CM INCHES 215. 241.30 197. 267.65 191.55 1 .84 957 53. 263.00 1 .55 .55 22 1.00 1773 99. 231.77 95 4.23 99 4.76 249.55 1 .54 428 24.34 229.95 20 .55 .00 4 .56 1764 99.55 1 .39 16 .55 .54 60 2. 229.67 1981 89.20 SZ(MEAN) .55 116 6.55 .11 4 .89 267.55 2 . 245.06 14 .55 97 5.55 .95 281.00 MINIMUM 71.55 .? CuapUct 3 .75 1780 80.72 2105 95.17 SE(STD DEV) .55 10 .81 203.06 1 .94 .47 10 8.25 211.55 . 257.13 81 3.55 152 8. 209. 233.05 4 . 207.25 253.55 0 .63 2 .44 212 11.55 21 1.09 KURTOSIS---VETA II a 3. 217.62 221.27 187.72 225. 197. 201.06 2 .83 263.55 9 .49 207.55 . 231.56 26 1.55 .55 .43 1900 86.61 797 36.73 239.55 1 .55 116 6.55 .32 233.11 46 2.55 0 .67 SYMMETRY---VETA I .34 MEAN VALUE 84.05 2207 99.54 195.09 151 8.57 816 46.52 1143 51.06 SYMMETRY---VETA I .34 1770 99.87 219.17 64 2.55 .10 MAXIMUM 110.55 0 .55 .70 MINIMUM 75.09 2204 99. .06 .14 181.55 11 .77 213.55 61 3.55 .33 201.54 1217 68. 247.18 185.65 166 7.80 MAXIMUM 97. 237.00 1772 99.65 114 6.67 154 6.00 1773 99.55 .4% COEF.82 241.55 89 5.05 553 31.25 COEF.60 11 .06 1773 99.55 116 6.23 120 5.94 271.55 0 .55 0 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES p flat CuMF CUlPct CENTIMETERS F flat Cu.00 3 .55 .55 .55 .55 113 6.51 157 7.55 .14 6 .97 1 .55 .54 1333 75.55 139 7.55 . 265.41 25 1.43 447 20.55 .08 .55 .06 1772 99. 243.48 327 14. 253.01 251.37 666 37.97 255.09 2206 99.55 .11 1631 73.91 243.55 1 .14 3 .51 160 7.24 SE(BmaN) .94 279. 259. OF VARIATION .55 37 2. 195.55 . 4.55 .27 2202 99.62 1754 98.55 .77 259.55 100 5.185.62 227.25 1721 97.55 33 1.99 STD DEVIATION 3.55 .16 2 .55 77 4.05 2206 100.55 10 .55 .91 2171 98.89 269.50 36 1.94 277.

30 143.70 242 .13 132.47 53.89 129.40 54.67 125.66 136.36 58. 141.46 .73 75TH 147.63 53.39 52.48 60.04 59.05 3RD 132.03 56.42 54. THE PERCENTILES FEMALES MALES CH INCHES CM INCURS 119.42 133.67 52.80 60TH 144.72 61.58 56.06 56.07 55.31 97TH 154.47 51.42 138.93 53.68 51.72 47.56 58.31 50.12 47.17 60.01 137.91 121.18 145.40 70TH 146.13 1ST 129.11 52.24 99TH 156.8 cm high with the right arm and hand extended vertically overhead as far as possible and the palm of the hand facing forward.82 143.33 48. The subject sits erect on a flat surface 40.04 90TH 151.75 49.51 128. Neither the back nor the arm touches a wall.23 50TH 143. The measurement is made at the maximum point of quiet respiration.67 98TH 155.81 50.09 65TH 145.38 58.71 25TH 139.78 52.85 50.22 51.05 48.34 20TH 138.69 2ND 131.37 35Th 141.07 127.85 53.51 55TH 144.81 95TH 153.32 56.19 51.82 57.90 15TH 137.84 55.23 130.66 40TH 141.95 45Th 142.52 85TH 149.54 131.81 55.61 57.28 55.95 51.55 5TH 133.65 '-122.46 54.35 49.32 52.09 123.05 30TH 140.52 126.39 61.(85) OVERHEAD FINGERTIP REACH.02 134. A block placed at the tip of the middle finger spans the distance between the finger and the wall and establishes the measurement on the wall scale.77 55.72 134.33 135.47 54.38 57. S1ITHNG The vertical distance between a sitting surface and the tip of the right middle finger of a seated subject whose arm is extended overhead is measured on a wail scale.45 57.35 54.94 56.09 80TH 148.84 131.88 139.35 10Th 135.

06 1 .01 225 10. 165.06 1773 99.06 33 1. -. 138. 141.57 804 45.75 .75 152 8. 132.75 .64 145. OF VARIATION = 4.24 154.35 2081 94.75 4 .83 121 5.14 SE(MEAN) .75 53 2.90 MINIMUM 44.75 0 . OVERHEAD FINGERTIP REACH.25 .00 1 .27 118.28 COEF.23 9 . 118.75 4 .75 .93 KURTOSIS---VETA II .10 1454 81.03 .90 STD DEVIATION 2.06 68 3.81 1557 87. 159.75 126 7. SHTING FEMALES MALES CH lCHES CM INCHES 132.06 14 .25 0 .75 .25 103 5.25 .75 198 11.95 148.53 273 12.80 8 .75 1725 97.51 198 8.25 .45 116.75 .66 126. 244.84 123. 147. 126.25 1 .79 132. 123. 142.10 SE(STD DEV) .25 .36 115. 153.06 44 1. 145.23 s .75 0 .55 157.37 1483 67.09 2207 99.25 .61 169.75 .17 1772 99.25 .75 .75 .85 1766 99. 156.94 165.96 2 .89 160.61 1673 7S. 168.00 1773 99.25 . 163.75 3 .25 .1% NUMBER OF SUBJECTS .32 987 55.22 143.59 STD DEVIATION 2. 3.94 168.25 .11 1630 91.74 130.23 142.00 1773 99.17 1769 99.02 129.75 0 .93 145 8.25 176 9.20 5.45 .75 . 157.25 1 .00 1773 99.14 114.75 . 130.75 .08 173 7. 139.65 SYMMETRY---VETA I .25 .00 1 .25 64 3.25 108 6.97 610 27.04 112.25 . 2208 NUMBER OF SUBJECTS = 1774 FREQUENCY TABLE FEMALES MALES 7 FPCt CUaP CuMaPct C]NTINZTERS F FPLt CUmF CUMlICt 2 .77 135.70 156.05 .75 0 .03 KURTOSIS---VETA II .74 191 8.00 1 .00 5 .04 2192