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000 Km y nunca le e limpiado los inyectores porque yo le hecho cada 10 mil Km aditivos al tanque para limpiar y evitar que el sucio del tanque se pegue en los inyectores, el mio es automatico y el aceite de la caja se le cambia cada 80 mil Km (CASTROL Dexron VI) 4 Litros, cuando me falla en minimo, que se apaga, yo le reviso el IAC Sensor de Minimo o de acceleracion que por cualquier sucio que se le pegue falla, es lo mas sencillo para limpiarlo, si el cuerpo de aceleracion de tu carro estuviera malo la luz de servicio estuviera encendido, los concesionarios son unos ladrones, te dicen que es eso para vender y no te lo cambian sino que le hacen servicio, si le haces servicio al IAC y sigue apagandose en minimo, reinicias la computadora para que no siga leyendo fallas las comput. Para reiniciarla es facil, con el carro apagado y el suiche abierto, desconecta el cable positivo de la bateria, espera 5 mins desconectado, con el suiche abierto vuelves a conectar el cable, ajustas el borne, entras al carro y cierras el suiche, esperas 10 segs y lo vuelves a abrir hasta que la aguja de la gasolina se mueva hasta su nivel maximo y luego enciendes el carro, prendes el aire al maximo y esperas unos minutos, si quieres sales a probarlo aplicandole frenadas y aceleradas rapidas para ver el estatus del IAC.
2007 Chevrolet Optra BUMP Sound/ "HOLD"
I drive a Chevy Optra 2007. "HOLD" is blinking constantly on my dashboard. When I shift the gear from "P" or "N" to "R or "D", there is a bump sound. The AUTO Transmission does not regulate. Asked by Goddy
Replied on November 17, 2010
An error has occurred in the transmision control system. You need a scan tool to retrieve the trouble code to proceed with diagnostics and rectification. Answered by KHLow2008 (expert)
How Automatic Transmission Works
Gear selection options usually include (P)park. A torque converter utilizes transmission fluid as a coupling agent allowing the engine to run while the car is stopped without stalling the engine. Automatic transmissions have been available since the 1950s. fluid cooler (in radiator) and a torque converter or fluid coupler.Email New Share Improve the 2CarPros. In most cars it is necessary to depress the brake pedal before the gear selector can be moved from the Park position. then re-engaging to make the car move again once the RPM of the engine has increased. This is achieved using a metal rod that engages the output shaft and prohibits movement. .com experience for everyone by voting and sharing! There are two types of transmissions most commonly used today. usually placed on the steering column or next to the driver's seat in the center console. Most automatic transmissions have a service filter in the transmission pan that should be changed at manufacturer specified intervals. (2)second and (L or 1)first gear in that order. automatic and manual (stick shift). When servicing an automatic transmission a complete fluid flush is recommended to clean the many passages inside an automatic transmission and to get the fluid that is trapped in the torque converter. valve body. The automatic transmission is controlled by selecting a desired gear from the hydraulic gear engagement system. Automatic Transmission Gear Range Selector Inside the Automatic Transmission The automatic transmission consists of: a transmission case. This restricts movement of car in any direction. A series of clutches and band controlled planetary gear sets provide multiple forward gear ratios with a set reverse gear. The driver selects a mode by maneuvering the gear shift lever. The valve body is the hydraulic control center that receives pressurized fluid via the main transmission pump. (N)neutral. The park or P mode locks the transmission mechanically. (O)overdrive. An automatic transmission functions by automatically changing the gear ratios while determining the speed and load of the engine. (R)reverse. (D)drive. planetary gear-sets. This system is controlled by the PCM (power control module) in newer cars and mechanically in older ones (Pre-computer controls).
The D4 mode is best suited for highway speeds and D3 can be used for around town driving.Automatic Transmission cut-away Image Transmission Planetary Gear Set To prevent damage to the transmission the car should be at a complete stop before engaging the Park mode. The second. The neutral or N mode is used to disengage the transmission from the drive wheels to let the car move freely. Lexus and Mercedes Benz have developed a direct shift gearbox that has up to 8 forward gears. usually 4 forward gears exist. but companies like Audi. Park mode is also one of the modes in which the car can be started. the other is the N or neutral position. BMW. The drive or D mode allows the car to vary its speed through a range of forward gears. 1 or L mode is meant to lock the transmission in first gear. The first. 2 or S mode is used to lock the . In this mode a vehicle will move slowly but have more power that can be used when towing or on steep grades.
whirring sounds or no noise at all. This type of transmission has become popular during the past few years. When such a failure occurs the transmission can make grinding. it can make a whining noise. Popular Problems Checks 1. Most internal failures are due to bearing. This is used in extreme weather conditions like ice and snow and to govern vehicle speed. Automatic Transmission Computerized operating system with ABS Brake System Automatic transmissions make specific noises when a malfunction occurs. the system can change the amount of forward acceleration over a wide range of speeds. you might hear a gurgling sound. If the fluid level is low. When a transmission has a major failure you might hear a loud pop which could mean a drive component inside the transmission has failed and the car will stop moving. Car will not go into gear: • • Gear selector cable has failed Brake lock solenoid/brake light swtich has failed not allowing the gear selector to move out of "Park" . If the transmission filter becomes plugged due to debris. An automatic transmission is a hydraulic pressure driven system and it will make different noises than a manual transmission.transmission in the first two gears. Some manufacturers have developed a continuously variable transmission or CVT. Hydrostatic drives use a variable displacement pump and hydraulic motor to vary the ratio continuously according to the amount of throttle being given and the amount of load on the vehicle. caused by the pump scavenging fluid inside the transmission pan. clutch or hard part failure. Two cones or wheels of varying diameter are used to change the gear ratio. Instead of having set gear ratios.
2. The transmission will lose hydraulic pressure causing the transmission to drift in and out of gear. Most transmission problems can be prevented by changing the ATF and filter according to manufacturer specifications. or the ATF (automatic transmission fluid) cooler or line connections. pan gasket. it is badly oxidized and a transmission service needs to be performed. If it isn't. The ATF cooler inside the radiator may be leaking and cross-contaminating the radiator coolant. replace the VSS and recheck. which will affect transmission operation. 3. When adding transmission fluid. You should also check the condition of the fluid. The best way to check this sensor is to make sure the speedometer is operating correctly. Leaks can occur from the driveshaft seals. If the vacuum is impaired to the modulator or the throttle valve cable has failed the transmission will not shift correctly. the input shaft seal. but if the ATF is brown or has a burnt smell. In extreme conditions installing an aftermarket auxiliary ATF cooler parallel to the OEM ATF cooler is recommended. add fluid as needed and recheck level. Doing so could cause the fluid to become aerated. Check your transmission fluid when the car is on flat ground with the engine idling in park (some Chrysler products must be checked in neutral). replace the solenoid then clear trouble codes and recheck operation. . Example: shorted fuse Flex plate (flywheel) is broken completely not transferring engine power to the transmission. do not overfill. Transmission is shifting too late or not at all. Car goes into gear but then fades out of gear or is slipping while driving: • • • Transmission fluid is low Transmission clutch discs or bands are worn out or burned Faulty transmission shift solenoid. If there are no visible leaks.• • • Excessively low transmission fluid (note: if car is operated for an extended amount of time with low fluid level the transmission will fail prematurely) Shorted electrical component not allowing the PCM to control the transmission. Car goes into gear but does not shift out of first: • • • • Blown fuse to the PCM controller Faulty vehicle speed sensor (VSS) Shorted second gear control solenoid Faulty transmission controller (PCM) Tips About Common Problems and Fixes • • • When the vehicle is cold or going around corners the transmission fades in and out of gear: In most cases this means the transmission fluid is low. some discoloration and darkening is normal as the fluid ages. Fluid Level and Leaks One of the most common complaints with an automatic transmission is leaking fluid. Scan the PCM to locate the transmission control solenoid that has malfunctioned. This prevents fluid overheating on vehicles used for towing or performance applications. The transmission skips second gear. On older cars the transmission shifting is controlled by either a vacuum modulator or a throttle control valve cable (TV Cable). check the radiator for ATF in the coolant. shifts from first gear to third gear and the "service engine soon" MIL is illuminated. On most cars the transmission is controlled by the PCM (powertrain control module) if the vehicle speed sensor fails the PCM has no input so the computer will not shift the transmission properly.
Diagnostic Procedure • • • Clear all DTC's with a engine scan tool (diagnostic trouble codes) Start the engine and observe the MIL. If trouble codes have returned repair as needed and recheck system. a small noise can cause a large noise and transmission failure. . such as a 2-3 shift. Codes can be set by the computer when a command is sent. Rescan the PCM for trouble codes. Tips: Never allow little noises go unattended.Fault Codes: Fault codes can be set when the transmission controller or PCM detects a malfunction. if none appear the problem could have been a onetime occurrence. Avoid overloading a vehicle or towing beyond capacity this can cause premature transmission failure. but the transmission does not respond. Repeat this procedure from a standing start 3 to 5 times. if it does not illuminate continue to next step (malfunction inductor lamp or check engine light) Drive the vehicle while trying to maintain a constant throttle position as it accelerates up through all four gears. it should be in 4th gear by the time you reach 45 to 50 mph on level ground. If the transmission is shifting properly.