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    by a voltage clock
convenient with duration of the video signal.

Having accumulated and transferred charges we will see the different possibilities of
reading these charges by an addressing and transfer device responsibility to send them
to an amp. There are 3 CCD sensor structures that are distinguished by way of transfer
to the output register.

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   providing a sampled
sequential analysis of the image. When suppression interval arrives

, the photosensors are emptied into the vertical registers and a new cycle begins.

   ! by the appearance of red or white vertical line on both sides of a
very bright point source. It is due to a pollution of vertical registers and deep penetration of light
rays near infrared

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 then they are transmitted in units of
lines at each suppression interval horizontally toward the output register.

`  

The TRC that converts electrical energy into light energy does not have a
linear response.
Then the light intensity emitted by the phosphors of the screen is not proportional to the voltage
applied at the electron gun
This problem can be solved by placing correction circuit in the receiver that require
adjustments and that raise relatively the price of TV or by making a compensation of non
Linearity of the tube at the emission in the chain of video processing of the camera

The gamma law which controles the production of light as a function of tube voltage expressed
by Y = X^k

For TRC k = 2.2 then the gamma correction that should be applied to the primary signals Er, Ev
and Eb must be the inverse of 2.2 or 0.45
The Total T.V chain becomes linear has a value k=1

      

The LCD Screen is composed of various plates as shown in the figure.

The color filter is composed of elementary points called pixels, they are
colored red, green and blue

This filter is traversed by a light emitted from a fluorescent tube followed by


a reflector of a distributor

The fluorescent tube is composed of phosphors such that the spectral


curve gives the lines R, G and B more than others.
The light source is placed behind the LCD panel and each pixel will be
illuminated more or less strongly

Liquid crystals (nematic) are placed in successive layers with a rotation of


the molecular structure.If the electrodes are not powered (alimentees) light
undergoes rotation by 90 and cannot pass through the polarizer by contrast
if the electrodes are powered (fed) the liquid is no longer introduce a
rotation and hence the light can pass through the electrodes and the
polarizer and the light intensity will proportional to the voltage that feeds the
electrodes.
The flow of electrons from the TRC has been replaced by a " light filter " controlled by a
voltage..The surface of a screen could be divided into a large number of elementary surfaces
called pixels ,a matrixing following the 2 axes of height and width can scan all the
pixels.!

To activate a pixel it is sufficient to power a tongue in X and Y.the figure


shows an example where X7 and X6 were fed. The crystal surface lies between
the two electrodes will be active and a light will be presented on that pixel.

It is sufficient to pass to Y7 and Y8. ... to describe an image line,this mode of matricing is called
passive matrcing used in cheap devices

Another mode called Active matrcing identical to the first but uses an element of control TFT
(thin film transistor) placed at the corner of each elementary surface which used to improve
the contrast.

In Summary:
‡ A light placed behind the LCD assembly is blocked by the use liquid crystals of type nematic

An alternating voltage applied to each elementary cell (pixel) and will move the crystal
proportion to the tension and allow the passage of a certain amount of light

This light thus released and it will be visible through a color filter, red, green and blue