Micarta

http://www.cartercrafts.com/micarta.htm

My friend and fellow knifemaker Cliff Fendley and I decided to try our hand at making some denim micarta handle material. This was our first attempt so we knew it would be a learning experience, and it was. Micarta is a material, or process, developed in the 1950s by Westinghouse. It is basically layers of material bonded together with resins. Different materials can be used including linen, paper, canvas, and denim. The bonding can be done with a variety of epoxy of polyester resins. After doing some research, we decided to use West Systems 105 epoxy resin and 206 slow hardener. The slow hardener would gives us around 20-30 minutes working time before it set up. There is also an extra slow hardener but our local supplier does not carry it because it requires an additional $20 in hazardous material fees to ship it. From what we read, the West Systems epoxy seemed to be one of the best available and is commonly used for building boats. It is expensive at $52.00 for a quart from our local supplier. In addition, we bought the $12.55 mini pump system which is calibrated to give the correct 5:1 mix of resin and hardener with equal number of pumps from each can.

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Micarta

http://www.cartercrafts.com/micarta.htm

We wanted to make a few pieces of denim micarta so we cut our materials. I planned to make a 5x7" piece about 1/2" thick with alternating front and back layers of blue jean denim (lower left). I also planned to do the same thing with black denim (lower right) but we ran out of epoxy before we got that far. Cliff made a 1" thick 5x5" piece from faded blue jean (top pile) and a 1" thick 1x7" piece from alternating layers of tan and black denim which he twisted before pressing..

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Micarta

http://www.cartercrafts.com/micarta.htm

Our plan was to use Cliff's large welding table and clamp several pieces of plywood extending off of the table so we could clamp a top piece of wood to press the layers while they set.

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squeegee out the air bubbles and excess epoxy. . We planned to wrap the whole thing in wax paper to prevent sticking to the wood. and then do the next layer. We found a couple of old Bondo spatulas to squeeze out the air bubbles. 4 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.Micarta http://www.m.com/micarta.htm Having never attempted this before.cartercrafts. we planned to pour the epoxy onto a layer.

This method allowed me to keep mixing epoxy and pouring it into the pan as needed while cliff saturated the pieces and transferred them to the press block.m. Pouring the epoxy directly onto the material is not an efficient method.htm We quickly learned our first lesson. I would then squeegee each layer as it was put on the block. 5 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.cartercrafts. .com/micarta. We changed to pouring the epoxy into an aluminum baking pan and saturating the layers of material in the pan before putting them onto the wood block.Micarta http://www. I would soak up the excess run-off epoxy with the next piece of material to be used and put it into the pan for Cliff.

6 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.m.cartercrafts.Micarta http://www.com/micarta.htm This assembly line approach worked very well and we were able to quickly and efficiently saturate and stack the layers with very little waste. .

cartercrafts. .htm 7 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.Micarta http://www.com/micarta.m.

there wasn't much waste.Micarta http://www.cartercrafts. 8 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.m.com/micarta. .htm We placed another pan under each press to catch drippings. As you can see.

We clamped at four corners and measured the height of each corner as we tightened the clamps to make sure we had uniform thickness across the piece. Cliff checks a piece and wipes up some overflow. .m.com/micarta. 9 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.htm After we had the material saturated and stacked. we folded the wax paper over it and clamped a top piece of plywood to press it.cartercrafts.Micarta http://www.

m.Micarta http://www.cartercrafts. . 10 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p. This is 18 layers of material giving us about 1/2" thickness.htm The thinner stack of blue jean material.com/micarta.

htm The thicker stack of faded blue jean material.cartercrafts. 11 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p. This was 35 layers material giving us about 1" thickness so it could be split down the middle to get approximately 1/4" handle slabs.m. .com/micarta.Micarta http://www.

the bundle of material wanted to squeeze out the top of the vise. Cliff twisted it by hand while I tied a string around it to hold it together. . We put the saturated and tied bundle of material in a plastic freezer bag and put it in the vise.Micarta http://www. Next lesson learned: When we tightened the vise.cartercrafts.m.htm For the longer twisted piece of tan/black denim. We decided to press this in a mill vice. We fixed this problem by 12 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p. Sorry. I couldn't take pictures of the twisting and tying operation as all of our epoxy covered hands were busy at the time.com/micarta. We sprayed the vise with WD-40 to prevent any overflow epoxy from sticking to it.

m.htm clamping another piece of plywood on top.Micarta http://www. .com/micarta. Everything pressed and setting up.cartercrafts. 13 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.

14 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.com/micarta. . When we removed the materials we found that the flat pieces had stuck to the plywood but it was easily pried off.m.htm We were in no particular hurry so we let the pressed micarta set and dry for 4 days before removing it from the presses. Some of the wax paper also stuck but we assumed we would grind off the top layers anyway.cartercrafts.Micarta http://www.

htm I check out my thinner piece of blue jean micarta.com/micarta. .m.Micarta http://www. 15 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.cartercrafts.

Micarta http://www. 16 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.htm We were now anxious to see what we made so we cut off a piece from the end of the thicker stack of faded blue jean material and gave it a quick sanding and polishing.com/micarta.m.cartercrafts. .

cartercrafts. .com/micarta.m.htm 17 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.Micarta http://www.

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htm After sanding 19 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.Micarta http://www.m. .cartercrafts.com/micarta.

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htm After a quick buffing 21 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.Micarta http://www.m.cartercrafts.com/micarta. .

htm This looks promising.m. Next we removed the twisted piece of tan/black micarta from the mill press.Micarta http://www.cartercrafts. 22 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p. .com/micarta.

htm 23 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.Micarta http://www.com/micarta.cartercrafts. .m.

24 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p. It also kept the vise clean.m.htm It was easily removed from the freezer bag and this seems to be a much better method than using wax paper.cartercrafts.com/micarta.Micarta http://www. .

com/micarta.Micarta http://www. 25 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p. . Next time we will wrap the string so that any knots are at the ends which will be cut off anyway.htm Next lesson learned: We should not have allowed knots in the string to be positioned along the flat surface of the micarta.m. We will have to grind fairly deep to remove the string.cartercrafts.

26 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.htm We cut a piece from the end to see what we had made.Micarta http://www.cartercrafts.com/micarta. .m.

After sanding.Micarta http://www.htm We sanded and polished the cut cut of piece. 27 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p. .cartercrafts.com/micarta.m. We liked this a lot.

com/micarta.cartercrafts.m. .htm After a quick buffing we like it even more. 28 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.Micarta http://www.

This is a two-man operation.htm I will post pictures of the finished micarta after we have installed it on some knives so check back soon. It really took both of us to make this work as you have a short working time before the epoxy starts to set.com/micarta. . Lessons Learned: 1. Soaking the layers of material in a pan and then squeezing out the excess and air bubbles works much better and more efficiently than 29 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p.cartercrafts.m. 2.Micarta http://www.

. 3. Plastic freezer bags work much better than wax paper for wrapping the wet micarta. Considering the time and expense we encountered with making it. it is not cost efficient to make it yourself. sands. Using the West Systems epoxy we invested $68. we cannot compare products. The mill press worked great for a long narrow piece like would be used for a one-piece handle. Since this was our first experience in making micarta. It cuts. I can say the micarta we made with the West Systems epoxy looks great and appears to be extremely tough. Our conclusion is if you want common micarta. 4. buying it makes more sense.htm trying to pour the epoxy directly onto the material. I know there is less expensive epoxy and polyester resins available and they are often used in making micarta. Add to that 10 man-hours to make enough micarta to make 5-6 knife handles. We may try using some other resins in the future to compare. The pumps are supposed to be reusable and I'm sure we can get a better epoxy price by buying in larger quantities but it is still expensive. It dried crystal clear and we were impressed with how tough it was when we beat the heck out of a scrap piece with a hammer.00 in a quart of epoxy and the pumps. and polishes very well. The exception of course is if you want to make something unique that is not readily available elsewhere such as blue jean micarta or a unique twist pattern. Here is the finished product on a couple of Cliff Fendley's "Blackhawk" knives. Blue Jean Micarta 30 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p. make sure any knots in the string are at the ends where they will be cut off.m.cartercrafts. 5.Micarta http://www. This is an expensive process. If tying up a twisted stack of material. You can buy large pieces for about $25 or a pair of handle slabs for around $12 from several sources.com/micarta.

m.cartercrafts.com/micarta.htm Black/Gray Twist Micarta 31 de 32 24/09/2010 11:27 p. .Micarta http://www.

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