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1. Natural resources: these are gift of god for eg.

soil, air,
water and minerals
2. Ecology: the science which deals with inter-relation
between living organism and outer environment.
3. Endangered species: plants and animals which are in
danger of getting extinct.
4. Wild life sanctuary: a reserved area for preserving
natural beauty.
5. Biosphere: part of earth which is covered with living
organism.
6. Soil: the upper part of earth or ground containing
humus and weathered rock.
7. Ecosystem: an integrated unit consisting of the
community of living organism and the physical
environment.
8. Flora: the species of plant of a particular region or
period.
9. Fauna: the species of animals of a particular region or
period.
10. Forest: an area covered with a lot of big and
small trees.
11. virgin vegetation: it refers to a plant community
which has grown naturally without human aid and has
been left undisturbed by humans.

ANS. Q4. . Soil. ANS. alpine and tundra vegetation. precipitation. the species of animal ina gion or period is reffered as region or period is reff flora. flora fauna The species of plant in a re. Ered as fauna. 1. To protect the species of flora and fauna government has opened many bioreserves so that this natural heritage can be transmitted in the future generation. tropical thorny forest 4. sunlight & altitude. Animals in India. ANS. Q2. Q5. ANS.Q1.tropical evergreen forest 2. ANS. temperate forest with grasslands 5. tropical deciduous forest 3. Q3. climate. The inter dependence of species of plant and animals in a given area. There are more than 47k plant they are more than 89k In India. two eg are : Nanda Devi Nilgiri.

Tropical deciduous forest: they are found where average rainfall is b/w 75cm-200cm. ANS. sal and sandalwood are some of important trees. Tropical evergreen forests: they are found where the average rainfall is more than 200cm. . Q8. Their height exceeds 60m. These do not have distinct season of shedding leaves. ANS. mahogany and rosewood are some of important trees. They shed their leaves once in while in a year to reduce evaporation. Teak. Habitat destruction: the cleaning of land for home farmland dams and highways destroys habitat of wildlife Human predation: animals and birds are being killed by humans for their need hence making some species endangered. Tropical evergreen forest Topical thorn and shrub Tropical deciduous forest Mangrove forest Temperate forests and grasslands Alpine and tundra vegetation.Q6. The trees are less than 50cm of height. Ebony. ANS. Q7.

different types of soil: India has almost every type of soil necessary. Q9. Some places receive more than 1000cm rainfall and some receives 50cm. Due to which plants grow more faster. Different climatic conditions: at some places temperature is 50c and at other it is -45c. Sunlight: sunlight is one of the important factors responsible for the growth of vegetation. Industrialization: pollution due to chemical and industrial waste is also causing a great threat to natural environment. ANS.so it supports every species. The sandy soil of deserts supports cactus and thorny bushes while wet marshy deltaic soils support mangroves and deltaic vegetation.Pesticides and pollution: the use of pesticides and pollution of the environment threaten many birds and animals throughout the world. .