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E GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND SYMBOLS

BATTERY GROUND
Stores chemical energy and The point at which wiring attaches
converts it into electrical energy. to the Body, thereby providing a
Provides DC current for the return path for an electrical circuit;
auto’s various electrical circuits. without a ground, current cannot
flow.

CAPACITOR (Condenser) HEADLIGHTS


Current flow causes a headlight
A small holding unit for temporary 1. SINGLE filament to heat up and emit light.
storage of electrical voltage. FILAMENT A headlight may have either a
single (1) filament or a double (2)
CIGARETTE LIGHTER filament.
An electric resistance heating 2. DOUBLE
element. FILAMENT

CIRCUIT BREAKER HORN


Basically a reusable fuse, a circuit An electric device which sounds a
breaker will heat and open if too loud audible signal.
much current flows through it.
Some units automatically reset when
cool, others must be manually reset.

DIODE IGNITION COIL


A semiconductor which allows Convert low–voltage DC current
current flow in only one direction. into high–voltage ingition current
for firing the spark plugs.
DIODE, ZENER
A diode which allows current
LIGHT
flow in one direction but blocks
Current flow through a filament
reverse flow only up to a specific
causes the filament to heat up
voltage. Above that potential, it
and emit light.
passes the excess voltage.
This acts as a simple voltage
regulator.

PHOTODIODE LED (LIGHT EMITTING DIODE)


The photodiode is a Upon current flow, these diodes
semiconductor which controls the emit light without producing the
current flow according to the heat of a comparable light.
amount of light.
METER, ANALOG
DISTRIBUTOR, IIA Current flow activates a magnetic
Channels high–voltage current coil which causes a needle to
from the ignition coil to the move, thereby providing a relative
individual spark plugs. display against a background
calibration.
FUSE METER, DIGITAL
A thin metal strip which burns Current flow activates one or
through when too much current many LED’s, LCD’s, or fluoresent
FUEL
flows through it, thereby stop– displays, which provide a relative
ping current flow and protecting a or digital display.
circuit from damage.
FUSIBLE LINK
(for Medium Current Fuse) A heavy–gauge wire placed in MOTOR
high amperage circuits which A power unit which converts
burns through on overloads, M electrical energy into mechanical
thereby protecting the circuit. energy, especially rotary motion.
(for High Current Fuse or
Fusible Link.)
The numbers indicate the cross–
16 section surface area of the wires.
E

RELAY Basically, an electrically SPEAKER


1. NORMALLY operated switch which An electromechanical device
CLOSED may be normally closed which creates sound waves from
(1) or open (2). Current current flow.
flow through a small
coil creates a magnetic
2. NORMALLY
OPEN field which either opens
SWITCH, MANUAL Open and
or closes an attached
switch. 1. NORMALLY
closes circuits,
OPEN thereby
stopping (1) or
allowing (2)
RELAY, DOUBLE THROW current flow.
A relay which passes current 2. NORMALLY
through one set of contacts or the CLOSED
other.

RESISTOR
An electrical component with a SWITCH, DOUBLE THROW
A switch which continuously
fixed resistance, placed in a circuit
to reduce voltage to a specific passes cureent through one set of
contacts or the other.
value.

RESISTOR, TAPPED SWITCH,


A resistor which supplies two or IGNITION
more different non adjustable A key operated switch with several
resistance values. positions which allows various
circuits, particularly the primary
RESISTOR, VARIABLE or ignition circuit, to become
RHEOSTAT operational.
A controllable resistor with a
variable rate of resistance.
Also called a potentiometer or
rheostat.

SENSOR (Thermistor) SWITCH, WIPER PARK


A resistor which varies its Automatically returns wipers to
resistance with temperature. the stop position when the wiper
switch is turned off.

SENSOR, SPEED TRANSISTOR


Uses magnetic impulses to open A solid state device typically used
and close a switch to create a as an electronic relay; stops or
signal for activation of other passes current depending on the
components. voltage applied at “base.”

WIRES Wires are always


SHORT PIN drawn as straight lines
(1) NOT
Used to provide an unbroken on wiring diagrams.
CONNECTED
connection within a juction block. Crossed wires (1)
without a black dot at
the junction are not
joined;
SOLENOID crossed wires (2) and
An electromagnetic coil which a black dot or
(2) SPLICED
forms a magnetic field when octagonal ( ) mark at
current flows, to move a plunger, the juction as spliced
etc. (joined) connections. 17