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Infravera Engineering Software.

(2335278-U)
No 6-3, JalanPuteri 2/4, Bandar PuteriPuchong, 47100 Puchong, Selangor.Website: www.infravera.com
Tel: 03-8063 5733 Fax: 03-8051 4637 Email: sales@infravera.com (Sales) support@infravera.com (Tech. Support)

Contents
1. What’s is Aquator?..................................................................................................................................... 4
2. What requirement need for CAD drawing? ............................................................................................... 5
3. Aquator Ribbon & Dock Panel ................................................................................................................... 5
4. Aquator Setup Dialog ................................................................................................................................. 8
4.1 General Setup .................................................................................................................................... 8
5. Aquator Pressure Type. ........................................................................................................................... 10
5.1 Pressure Type Setup ........................................................................................................................ 11
6. Aquator Design Mode .............................................................................................................................. 11
6.1 Design Mode Setup .......................................................................................................................... 12
7. Aquator Project Case ............................................................................................................................... 12
7.1 Project Case Setup ................................................................................................................................. 13
8 Aquator Water Network .......................................................................................................................... 14
8.1 Water Network Modeling ...................................................................................................................... 14
8.1.2 Water Network Modeling at CAD (AutoCAD, ZWCAD etc.) ................................................................ 15
8.2 Delete Necessary Water Network ......................................................................................................... 16
9. Aquator Tapping Point & Pressure Head (Intake).................................................................................... 16
9.1 How to Get the Pressure Head for AQ? ........................................................................................... 17
10. Aquator Pipe ........................................................................................................................................ 17
10.1 Pipe Parameter Setup ...................................................................................................................... 17
10.2 Pipe Setup ........................................................................................................................................ 19
10.3 Pipe Color Setup............................................................................................................................... 19
10.4 How to Manually Changed Pipe Type or Diameter?........................................................................ 20
10.5 How to Change Length of Pipe?....................................................................................................... 21
11. Aquator Domestic Water Demand, QD. ............................................................................................... 21
11.1 Unit flow for QD .................................................................................................................................... 22
11.2 How to Insert Q inside Aquator? ......................................................................................................... 22
11.2.1 Table......................................................................................................................................... 23
11.2.2 Properties Input ............................................................................................................................ 24
11.2.3 Node Input ............................................................................................................................... 24
12 Aquator Hydrant Water Demand, QH .................................................................................................. 24
12.1 Hydrant Flow Setup ............................................................................................................................. 25
12.2 QH Case Factor Setup ........................................................................................................................... 25
12.3 How to Insert QH? ................................................................................................................................ 26
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Infravera Engineering Software.(2335278-U)
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Tel: 03-8063 5733 Fax: 03-8051 4637 Email: sales@infravera.com (Sales) support@infravera.com (Tech. Support)

13 Aquator Ground Level (Proposed Level) .............................................................................................. 26


13.1 Ground Level Setup.............................................................................................................................. 26
13.2 How to insert GL? ............................................................................................................................ 27
13.2.1 PL Read..................................................................................................................................... 27
13.2.2 Properties GL ........................................................................................................................... 29
13.2.3 Node Input GL .......................................................................................................................... 29
14 Aquator Fitting ..................................................................................................................................... 29
14.1 How to Insert Fitting inside AQ? .......................................................................................................... 30
15 Aquator Layout .................................................................................................................................... 30
15.1 Layout Setup ........................................................................................................................................ 31
16 Aquator Result ..................................................................................................................................... 32
16.1 Result Calculation ................................................................................................................................ 32
16.2 Report .............................................................................................................................................. 33
17 Aquator Section ................................................................................................................................... 34
17.1 Section Setup ................................................................................................................................... 34
17.1.1 Additional Section Setup............................................................................................................... 35
17.2 Section Default View ........................................................................................................................ 36
17.3 User Section ..................................................................................................................................... 36
18 How to Design Water Reticulation Using Aquator? ............................................................................ 37
18.1 Design for HSL .................................................................................................................................. 37
Step 1: Open Application ............................................................................................................................. 38
Step 2: Setup Parameter .............................................................................................................................. 38
Step 3: Import CAD Drawing ........................................................................................................................ 38
Step 4: Modeling Water Network ................................................................................................................ 39
Step 5: Insert Intake (Tapping Point & Pressure Head) ............................................................................... 40
Step 6: Insert HSL and Water Demand, Q .................................................................................................... 40
Step 7: Insert Hydrant ................................................................................................................................ 41
Step 8: Insert Ground Level ......................................................................................................................... 41
Step 9: Generate Result ............................................................................................................................... 42
Step 10: Save Project File ............................................................................................................................. 42
Step 11: Generate Section, 3D View, Calculation and Report ..................................................................... 43
11.1 Section ............................................................................................................................................. 43
11.2 3D View ............................................................................................................................................ 44
11.3 Calculation ....................................................................................................................................... 44
11.4 Report .............................................................................................................................................. 45
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Step 12: Open Existing Project ..................................................................................................................... 45


18.2 Design for Required Head .................................................................................................................... 46
Step 1: Open Application ............................................................................................................................. 47
Step 2: Setup Parameter .............................................................................................................................. 47

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Tel: 03-8063 5733 Fax: 03-8051 4637 Email: sales@infravera.com (Sales) support@infravera.com (Tech. Support)

1. What’s is Aquator?
Aquator (AQ) is a water supply network application that use the Hardy Cross Method or junction method. It
works in either loop system, branched system or both system.

i) Branched System
 Junction equation
 Qin - Qout = Qe
 Qin = Inflow
 Qout = Outflow
 Qe =External flow into the system
Figure 1.1: Branched system sketch.

ii) Looped System

 Hardy cross method.


 Consist of numerous pipes connected in a complex
manner with many entry and withdrawal point.
 A complex set of pipe in parallel.

Figure 1.2: Looped system sketch.

Currently the application is analysed by Hazen Williams’s equation. The working units in AQ are SI or imperial
unit. Therefore, user has the flexibility on data input.

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2. What requirement need for CAD drawing?


Requirement needed for CAD drawing (dwg);

Clean The Drawing


Step to produce:
Benefit: i. Ensure the drawing does not contain 3D
element/entities.
a. The analysis run faster
ii. To ensure high quality of clean drawing,
b. More accurate result
copy necessary layers and paste to a new
c. Smooth modeling experience drawing.

Scale
Always ensure your drawing scale 1:1 (meter)

3. Aquator Ribbon & Dock Panel


i) CAD

To import proposed levels from Earthworks


Computation application.
PL data from “ECV” can be imported here.

Insert drawing into current layout

To import any CAD drawing that up to


Autocad 2010 drawing format.

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ii) Water
 Data Ribbon

To add pipe into layout.

To add new node into layout.

To generate design case such as


average flow and peak flow.

To select any guideline to design.

 Computation Ribbon

Break down water reticulation calculation.

To generate water demand by nodes or


user define.

To view data input input in 3D environment

To generate available longitudinal sections


or user predefine sections.
F7 short cut key.

To perform network analysis and design.


F5 short cut key.

To perform integrity check on data input.


F4 short cut key.

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 Option Ribbon

To on or off water flow animation.

To load hided panels.

To perform design data setup.

 Tools Ribbon

To renumber node.

To renumber pipe.

iii) Report

To perform output report setup.

To view result in print preview. It also can save it into Excel,


Rich Text, pdf and HTML format.
Ctrl R short cut key.

iv) Dock Panel

To view the node data in grid view.

To view the pipe data in grid view.

To view some information about data in AQ.

To display necessary error or warning build


during operation of AQ
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4. Aquator Setup Dialog


Can be located at “Setup” icon.

Diagram 1.1: Setup Dialog

Contain a few setup dialog, which is;


i) General Setup
 Refer Topic 4.1: General Setup
ii) Pipe Setup
 Refer Topic 10.1:Pipe Parameter Setup
iii) Diameter Color Setup
 It generally for setting colour of pipe diameter.
iv) Water Demand Setup
 Refer Topic 11: Aquator Domestic Water Demand, QD.
v) CAD layout Setup
 It generally for setting the color, text size of data.
 Refer Topic 15.1: Layout Setup
vi) CAD Section Setup.

4.1 General Setup


This general setup summarizes the data that need to be
performed first by AQ.

The most important part, before import CAD layout, user


need to setup general data at “Default Data”.

Diagram 1.2: General Setup

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Parameter Description
Default Data
Pipe Name  Default pipe name.
 Refer Topic 10.2: Pipe Setup.

Type  Default pipe type


 Refer Topic 10.2: Pipe Setup

C  Default coefficient C value for Hazen Williams’s formula.

Depth  Default pipe depth from ground level.

Guide Minimum  The minimum pipe diameter as per design guide.


Diameter

Hydrant Flow I Unit  The fire flow value and unit of flow.
 Refer Topic 12.1: Hydrant Flow Setup

Diameter I Unit  The pipe diameter and unit.


 Refer Topic 10.2: Pipe Setup

Flow I Unit  The pipe flow and unit.


 Refer Topic 11.1: Unit Flow for QD.

GL I Unit  The node ground level and unit.


 Refer Topic 13.1: Ground Level Setup

Length Interval I Unit  The tolerance value to be used in pipe adding command and unit.
 Example; user may add pipe with length of 12.63m with interval value of
0.5m the length added shall be 12.50m.

Required Head  The highest of water pressure based on building height


 Refer Topic 5: Aquator Pressure Type

Alert
Max Head Loss  The alert value of maximum head loss

Head Max I Min I Unit  The maximum and minimum head allowed in application and unit.

V Max I Min I Unit  The maximum and minimum velocity allowed in application and unit.

Tolerance
Node I Pipe  The minimum distance between node/pipe for adding a new node/pipe.

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Parameter Description
Design Data
Design Mood  The design mode of AQ.
 Refer Topic 6.1: Design Mode Setup

No decimal point for Loop  Number of decimal point used in loop analysis.
convergence  Use lesser decimal point for loop convergence. Example: below 5.

Check pressure type  The pressure type to AQ design.


 Refer Topic 5.1: Pressure Type Setup

Aqua Motion
Bubble Size  The diameter of bubble in AQ motion.

Animation Speed  The speed of bubble in AQ motion.

Report
Hide node without draw  To disable unused node, select “True”.
off

5. Aquator Pressure Type.


AQ contain two type of pressure;

i) Highest Supply Level (HSL)

 Follow Uniform Technical Guideline for Water and


Plumbing (UTG)
 Means the highest delivery level in water supply
system.
 It is the highest water draw-off level from a direct
gravity or pumped supply discharging to a service
reservoir or suction tank in a water distribution
system.

HSL = Building Height + Ground Level

Figure 2.1: HSL sketch.

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ii) Required Head

 The highest of water pressure based on building


height.
 If apartment, required head take at water pump
house, not the height of apartment.

Figure 2.2: Required head sketch.

5.1 Pressure Type Setup

Step b Step a

Step c

Step d

Diagram 2.1: Pressure type setup


Topic 5.1: (Please refer Diagram 1.1: Pressure type setup)
a) At “Option” ribbon.

b) Select “Setup” icon.


c) At “General”, got to “Design Data”.
d) Setup pressure type to design at “Check pressure type”.

Notes:
If design in HSL, Required Head parameter must be 0.
Refer Topic 16: Design for HSL

6. Aquator Design Mode


AQ contain two types of design mode;
i) Auto
 All the pipe diameter will be determined by AQ.
 Pipe diameter determination based on size contain at pipe parameter (Refer Topic 5).
 User still can manually change the pipe diameter or pipe type to be used.
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ii) Manual
 Pipe determined by user.
 If failed in design, AQ will mention it at “Error List” dock panel.

6.1 Design Mode Setup

Step b Step a

Step c

Step c

Diagram 2.1: Design mode setup

Topic 6.1: (Please refer Diagram 2.1: Design mode setup)


a) At “Option” ribbon.

b) Select “Setup” icon.


c) At “General”, go to “Design Data”.
d) Setup it at “Design Mode”.

7. Aquator Project Case


Default will come with two cases;
i) Average Flow
 The estimated average daily water supply demand.

ii) Peak Flow


 The water demand is not constant throughout the day and varies greatly over the day.
 Generally, the demand is lowest during the night and highest during morning or
evening hours of the day.
 Moreover, this variation is very high for single dwellings and decreases gradually as
population increases.

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7.1 Project Case Setup

Step a
Step b

Step c

Diagram 3.1: Project case table.

Topic 7.1: (Please refer Diagram 3.1: Project case table)


a) At “Data” ribbon.

b) Select “Case” icon


c) Case table will pop up.

Parameter Description
Name  Case name.
 Can be change.

Factor  Factor to be design follow authority guideline.


 Different authority, different factor.

Run  Design for domestic factor.


 Tick any necessary case to design.

Hydrant  Hydrant case to be design.


 Tick any necessary case to design.

Description  Case description.

Add Case  Add any new case to be design.

Delete Case  Delete selected case.

OK  To confirm the parameter inserted.


 Will close Case table.

Cancel  Cancel the change did.


 Will close Case table and used default data.

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8 Aquator Water Network


Water network can be modeling inside AQ. The flow is always from lower node number to upper node
number.

The sign is positive value. When it negative value, it means that it flow from upper node number to lower
node number.

Figure 3.1: Flow sign of AQ.

8.1 Water Network Modeling

Step b
Step a

Step d
Diagram 4.1: Modeling icon

Topic 8.1: (Please refer Diagram 4.1: modeling icon)


a) Go to “Data” ribbon.

b) Select “Node” icon by mouse click.

Step i & ii

Step iii

Step iv & v

Step vii

Diagram 4.2: Modeling using node.

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Step b: (Please refer Diagram 4.2: Modeling using node)


i. Left click at layout, then release it.
ii. Node will generated.
iii. Drag mouse to draw. Pipe line will appear.
iv. Left click again to create next node.
v. Pipe and next node will generated.
vi. Repeat Step i – iv to continue.
vii. Right click mouse to end command or press “Esc”.

c) To add node only, just left click one time, then right click it.

d) To continue node with existing node, select “Pipe” icon.

Step i

Step iii & iv

Step ii

Diagram 4.3: Add pipe at node to node

Step d: (Please refer Diagram 4.3: Add pipe at node to node)


i. Left click mouse add node then release it.
ii. Drag pipe line to next node.
iii. Left click again to add pipe.
iv. Right click or press “Esc” to end command.

8.1.2 Water Network Modeling at CAD (AutoCAD, ZWCAD etc.)


a) Drawing must be clean. (Refer Topic 2)
b) Add layer name at CAD as CSSS-USERWATER.
c) Using single line, start to draw water network.

Recommendation:
*Only keep the necessary layers.
*The less data keep, the less error it might trigger.
*Stop at any intersection pipe to avoid pop up error “Not intake detect” inside AQ.

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8.2 Delete Necessary Water Network

To delete any selected node, the pipe must be delete first. Then delete that node.

Step a & b

Step d

Step e

Diagram 4.4: Delete pipe or node

Topic 8.2: (Please refer Diagram 4.4: Delete pipe or node)


a) Select pipe at layout to delete.
b) It will be highlight in yellow colour.
c) Press delete at keyboard.
d) Delete box will pop up.

e) Select “Yes” to delete it.


f) Repeat Step a –d to delete node also.

9. Aquator Tapping Point & Pressure Head (Intake)


Tapping pressure from main supply.

Step d
Step b

Step a
Step c

Diagram 5.1: Tapping point and tapping pressure head

Topic 9: (Please refer Diagram 5.1: Tapping point and tapping pressure head)
a) Select node to add as tapping point and pressure head.
b) Go to properties (left hand side), change as “True” at “7.Tapping Point”.
c) Arrow will pop up at layout mark as tapping.
d) Add pressure head in meter unit at “7-Tapping Pressure Head”

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9.1 How to Get the Pressure Head for AQ?

ODL=83.79 m , GL=23.5 m

Pressure Head = 83.79 – 23.5


= 60.29 m

Figure 4.1: Tapping plan

To add tapping pressure head, Original Datum Level (ODL) must be minus with Ground Level (GL).
It is because, inside AQ calculation, application will plus with GL for pressure head.

10. Aquator Pipe


The selection of pipe diameter depend on the following general factors;
a) For gravity system, the different in elevation between the source and the point of discharge.
b) The major frictional losses in transmission, distribution and reticulation pipelines caused by pipe.
c) The minor frictional losses in transmission, distribution and reticulation pipeline through valves and
fitting.

Using Design Mode as Auto, AQ will determine the diameter of pipe. However, user still can changed it
manually (Refer topic 8.3).

Using Design Mode as Manual, user need to determine your own the diameter to use.

10.1 Pipe Parameter Setup

Step a

Step b

Diagram 6.1: Pipe Setup

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Topic 10.1: (Please refer Diagram 6.1: Pipe Setup)


The available type or size AQ can be refer at;

a) Select “Setup” Icon.


b) Select “Pipe” tab

Parameter Description
Name  The pipe name.
 Can be changed any name.

Type Material  Pipe material.

Diameters  Diameter pipe available by AQ.


 Can add any diameter based on project or user request.
 Diameter must be in increasing order.

Parameter Description
C  Hazen William Coefficient.
 Can be change here based on authority required

Color  Based on type material.

MaxL  Maximum length of pipe.


 Can be changed based on project.

Outter Diameter  Pipe outter diameter

Max thick  Pipe maximum thickness

Min thick  Pipe minimum thickness

Parameter Description

Add  To add any new type material other than default.

Delete  To delete selected pipe.

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10.2 Pipe Setup


Step b

Step c

Step d

Step e

Diagram 7.2: Pipe setup for type and diameter

Topic 10.2: (Please refer Diagram 7.2: Pipe setup for type and diameter)
a) At “Option” ribbon.

b) Select “Setup” icon.


c) Go to “General”  “Default Data”.
d) Select the major pipe type at “Pipe Name”.
e) Identified the minimum diameter to use at “Diameter”.

10.3 Pipe Color Setup

Diagram 7.3: Pipe color

Topic 10.3: (Please refer Diagram 7.3: Pipe Color)


a) Select “Setup” icon.
b) Go to “CAD Layout”.
c) Go to “Pipe”.
d) At “Pipe Color” can choose either;
i. By Type
 Color of pipe will follow type material at Setup  Pipe  Color

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ii. By Diameter
 Color of pipe will follow diameter color.
 Setup  Diameter Color  Diameter and Pipe Color

10.4 How to Manually Changed Pipe Type or Diameter?

i. Pipe Type

Step b Step a

Step c

Step d
Diagram 7.4: Change pipe type manually.

Topic 10.4: (Please refer Diagram 7.4: Change pipe type manually)
a) Select pipe at layout. (highlight in yellow colour after selected)
b) Go to properties (left hand side)
c) At “Input”, change at “Type Name”.
d) Can select any pipe type to used (pipe type will based on parameter at Pipe Setup)

ii. Diameter pipe

Step b
Step a
Step c

Step e

Diagram 7.5: Change pipe diameter manually.

(Please refer Diagram 7.5: Change pipe diameter manually)


a) Select pipe at layout. (highlight in yellow colour after selected)
b) Go to properties (left hand side)
c) At “Input”, change at “Diameter”.
d) Can select any pipe diameter to used (pipe diameter will based on parameter at Pipe Setup).
e) At “Design Mode” change as “Manual”.

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10.5 How to Change Length of Pipe?

Step b
Step a

Step c

Diagram 7.6: Change pipe length manually.

Topic 10.5: (Please refer Diagram 7.6: Change pipe length manually)
a) Select pipe at layout.
b) Go to properties (left hand side)
c) At “2-Calculation”, change it at “Length”.

11. Aquator Domestic Water Demand, QD.


Water demand table is for setup water demand of current project (based on guideline selected).

Step a

Step b

Diagram 8.1: Water demand setup table based on guideline selected.

Topic 11: (Please refer Diagram 8.1: Water demand setup table based on guideline selected)

a) Select “Setup” icon.


b) Go to “Water Demand” tab.

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11.1 Unit flow for QD

Unit flow for water demand is based on at general parameter setup.

Step a

Step b

Step c

Diagram 8.2: QD unit.

Topic 11.1: (Please refer Diagram 4.2: QD unit)

a) Select “Setup” icon.


b) At General, got to “Default Data”.
c) Unit is at “Flow”, by default will read as l/s. (still can change based authority required)

11.2 How to Insert Q inside Aquator?

Have three method to insert the Q:

Method ii Method iii

Method i

Diagram 8.3: Method to insert Q

i) Table
ii) Properties Input
iii) Node Input.

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11.2.1 Table

Step a

Step b

Step c

Diagram 8.4: Q using Table

Step a-c: (Please refer Diagram 8.4: Q using table)


a) Select node at layout.
b) Right click mouse, tool box will pop up.
c) Select “Table”.
d) Table for that node will pop up.

Step f Step g
Step d
Step e

Step h

Step i
Diagram 8.5: Q Table of Node

Step e-h: (Please refer Diagram 8.5: Q Table of node)

e) Select “Add” button to add type of Q.


f) At “Name” column, select the type required.
g) Select “Calc” button to application calculate “Subtotal Q“and convert it.
h) Total water demand will show below include with unit converted.

i) Select “OK” button to close it.

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11.2.2 Properties Input

Step b
Step a
Step c

Step d

Diagram 8.6: Q at properties input

Topic 11.2.2: (Please refer Diagram 6.6: Q at properties node)


a) Select node at layout.
b) Go to properties (left hand side).
c) Insert Q required at “3-Q”.
d) Enter or mouse click at layout.

11.2.3 Node Input


Step b

Step d Step a

Step c

Diagram 8.7: Q at node Input

Topic 11.2.3: (Please refer Diagram 6.7: Q at node Input)


a) At right hand side, click for “Node Input”.
b) Node input will pull out.
c) Insert Q at node required at Q column.
d) Node will automatic highlight in yellow colour at layout after select it at Node Input.

12 Aquator Hydrant Water Demand, QH


Hydrant pipelines shall be installed separately from water pipelines within the confines of any area
accommodating apartments/condominiums, factories, office and etc. Separate water meters shall be
provided for hydrant and domestic pipeline. (SPAN)

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Hydrant shall be placed at intersections, branches and generally at a spacing interval of not more than 180
meters. High fire risk installations shall have hydrants placed not more than 90 meters walking distance from
the installation.

12.1 Hydrant Flow Setup

Step b

Step c

Step d

Diagram 9.1: Hydrant flow setup

Topic 12.1: (Please refer Diagram 9.1: Hydrant flow setup)


a) Go to “Option” ribbon.

b) Select “Setup” icon.


c) At “General”, go to default data.
d) By default, hydrant flow is 250 gpm. (can be change the flow based authority required)

12.2 QH Case Factor Setup

Step b
Step a
Step c

Diagram 9.2: Hydrant case factor

Topic 12.2: (Please refer Diagram 9.2: Hydrant case factor)


a) Go to “Data” ribbon.

b) Select “Case” icon.


c) Tick at “Hydrant” column to design for average or peak factor.

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12.3 How to Insert QH?

Step b
Step a

Step c Step d

Diagram 9.3: Add Q hydrant

Topic 12.3: (Please refer Diagram 7.3: Add Q hydrant)


a) Select node at layout. Notes:
b) Go to “Properties” (left hand side). If contain a few hydrant in one project, place only
c) At “2-Setting”, change “Ishydrant” as “True” to further hydrant.
add hydrant Q. Located back other hydrant at CAD only.
d) QH will appear at layout.

13 Aquator Ground Level (Proposed Level)


13.1 Ground Level Setup

Step b

Step c

Step d

Diagram 10.1: Ground level setup


Topic 13.1: (Please refer Diagram 10.1: Ground level setup)
a) At “Option” ribbon

b) Select “Setup” icon. Notes:


c) At “General”, go to “Default Data”. If GL is same every node, change it here.
d) Ground level setup can located at “GL”. If not, manually insert it.

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13.2 How to insert GL?

Have three method to insert GL;

Method i

Method iii

Method ii

Diagram 10.2: Method to insert GL


i) PL Read
 To import proposed levels from Earthwork Computation application.
 Conditions required;
 Used same CAD drawing. (co-ordinate of project must be same)
 Run the same project inside Earth+ (Version 3) or Earthwork (Version 2) and
save as project file.(Follow Earth+ requirement)

ii) Properties GL
 Manually insert GL by select node by node.

iii) Node Input GL


 Manually insert GL at table by refer node at layout.

13.2.1 PL Read

Step a

Step b

Step e

Step f

Diagram 10.3: Import the whole GL


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Topic 13.2.1: (Please refer Diagram 10.3: Import the whole GL)
a) Select “CAD” tab. (Please refer condition required for PL read at topic 11.2)

b) Select “PL Read” icon.


c) “Earthworks Computation Import Levels” will pop up.

d) Insert any level to raise or reduce or 0. Click “Accept” button.


e) Located the Earth+/Earthwork project file.

f) Select “.iv” file, then click “Open” button.


g) “BuildWRPL” will pop up. Select “OK” button.

h) Next box will pop up, “Import PL”. Select “OK” button also.

i) All GL already insert, can be check at;(Make sure on “Water” interface)


 Node tab  GL column

 Node Input  4-GL column.

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13.2.2 Properties GL

Step b

Step c Step a

Diagram 10.4: Manually Insert GL at properties

Topic 13.2.2: (Please refer Diagram 10.4: Manually insert GL at properties)


a) Select node required.
b) The properties for this node will appear at left hand side. (when highlight in yellow colour at layout)
c) At “1-Input”, change proposed level or ground level at “4-GL” item.
d) Repeat step a – c for all node to insert GL.

13.2.3 Node Input GL

Step b

Step d
Step a

Step c

Diagram 10.5: Manually insert GL at node properties.

Topic 13.2.3: (Please refer Diagram 10.5: manually insert GL at node properties)
a) Click “Node Input” at right hand side.
b) Node input table will sliding out.
c) At “4-GL”, insert GL for node required.
d) Node will be highlight in yellow at layout once select any item at that table.

14 Aquator Fitting
These fittings mainly for calculate the minor losses. The valves supported are allowed SYABAS guideline.

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14.1 How to Insert Fitting inside AQ?

Step f Step c
Step a

Step d
Step e

Step b

Diagram 11.1: Fitting

Topic 14.1: (Please refer Diagram 11.1: Fitting)


a) At layout, select required pipe to add fitting.(Left click)
b) Then, right click mouse, will appear tool box. Select “Fitting.
c) Fitting type will appear. Choose fitting to be used.
d) Fitting icon will be appear at layout.
e) Insert the head loss (K Value) for fitting.
i) Go to “Component” (left hand side)
ii) At “Fitting”, insert K value at “4-K/Head Loss”
f) To delete fitting, select “Del” icon.

15 Aquator Layout
AQ provides a graphical UI that allows user to input nodes and pipes in graphical way.

User can visualize the water supply layout. Qin and Qout show in graphical mode.

It has simple CAD features such as pan view, Zoom window, Zoom all, Zoom in and Zoom out.

Diagram 12.1: AQ layout plan


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Item Description
 Tapping point (intake).
 Refer Topic 9: Aquator Tapping Point & Tapping Pressure Head (Intake)

 Node
 To add any QD or QH.
 Can also not insert any Q.
 Refer Topic 11.2: How to Insert Q Inside Aquator? Or Topic 12.3: How
to Insert QH?

 Pipe
 Refer Topic 10: Aquator Pipe

Item Description
 Branched system
 Refer Topic 1: What’s is Aquator?

 Loop system.
 Clockwise flow.
 Refer Topic 1: What’s is Aquator?

15.1 Layout Setup

Step a Step b

Diagram 12.2: CAD layout setup.

Topic 15.1: (Please refer Diagram 12.2: CAD layout setup)

a) Select “Setup” icon


b) Go to “CAD Layout”.

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16 Aquator Result

Result will be generated after select “Integrity” and then “Run” icon.

Result for pipe and node can be view at dock panel (bottom);
i. Pipe
 Pipe Result  Average Flow or Peak Flow

Diagram 13.1: Pipe result


ii. Node
 Node Result  Average Flow or Peak Flow

Diagram 13.2: Node result

16.1 Result Calculation

Calculation for total head loss (Pipe), and residual head (node) can be viewed by select “Calc” icon.

Step a
Step b
Step h
Step c
Step g

Step d Step f

Step e

Diagram 13.3: Calculation for pipe or node

Topic 16.1: (Please refer Diagram 13.3: Calculation for pipe or node)

a) Select “Calc” icon.


b) Data calculation will pop up.

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c) For pipe, click “Select all” button if to view all calculation or tick any pipe to view it.
d) Click “Show” button.
e) Calculation pipe selected will be show.

f) To save, select “Save to File” or

g) Copy it to paste at report by select “Copy” button.

h) To view for node calculation, select “Node” tab.


i) Repeat step c – g.

16.2 Report

Step a Step e

Step c Step f

Step g

Step h

Diagram 13.4: Aquator report

Topic 16.2: (Please refer Diagram 13.4: Aquator report)


a) Select “Report” tab.
b) Contain two icon;
i. Setup
 To insert all info for Report such as company name.

ii. Water
 To generate report.
c) Select “Setup” at “Report” ribbon. “Report Setup” table will pop up.
d) Select “OK” for “Report Setup” after insert all information required.

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e) Select “Water” icon.


f) Report will pop up.
g) To save it, Select “File” tab.
h) Select “Export Document” by choose type of format to save, such as PDF, Excel etc.

17 Aquator Section
The plotted sections view will be display.

17.1 Section Setup

It generally for setup section plotting. User can control how the section data to present in section plot such
as scale for section, change datum value or etc.

Step a
Step b

Step c

Step d

Diagram 14.1: Section setup

Topic 17.1: (Please refer Diagram 14.1: Section setup)


It can be located at;

a) Select “Setup” icon.


b) Go to “CAD Section”.
c) To re-scale section;
 Change at Scale  Horizontal I Vertical
d) To change section datum;
 Change at Datum  Value

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17.1.1 Additional Section Setup


Can control the section data present in section plot.

Diagram 14.2: Additional data to add at section.

Topic 17.1.1: (Please refer Diagram 14.2: Additional data to add at section)

a) Select “Setup” icon.

b) At “CAD Section” , click “Row Setup” .


c) Tick any data required for additional data at “Default Section Row”.

d) Click “Add row” to insert into “Selected section row for view”.
e) Select “OK” button to exit.

f) Re-fresh section by select “Sections” icon at “Build” button at section.

Button Description
Add Row  To add any new data than at default section row.
(Add Empty Row)
Add All  To add all Default Section Row.

Remove added row  To remove any selected section row for draw.

Move up or  To position of row by moving up or down in section draw.


Move down

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17.2 Section Default View

Step b Step e

Step c Step f

Step d

Step g

Diagram 14.3: Default section

Topic 17.2: (Please refer Diagram 14.3: Default section)

a) Select “Section” icon at “Computation” ribbon.


b) Section table will pop up at left hand side.
c) Tick any required section.

d) Select “Build” button.


e) Section will generated at “Section” layout.

f) To save it, select “Save” icon for section.

g) To amendments setup required, select ”Setup” button (shortcut for CAD Section)

17.3 User Section

Step a
Step c

Step b
Step d

Step f
Step e
Step g

Diagram 14.4: User section

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Topic 17.3: (Please refer Diagram 14.4: User section)


a) At “Section” table, click “User” tab.
b) Select “Pick” button.
c) By mouse click (left) select node without hold the mouse.
d) Then, continue with selected node (left click node required) to view in section.
e) At “Output” dock panel, will show the selected node have been pick.
f) Right click mouse, selected node will be appear at “Section” table.

g) Select “Build” button to generate user section.


h) To save, repeat step above step f.

18 How to Design Water Reticulation Using Aquator?


18.1 Design for HSL
Sample Project Data:

Development: Low Cost House


Unit: 4

Hydrant Flow: 250 gpm


HSL: 7m

ODL: 21.35m
Ground Level: 3.35m

Pipe Type: DI1


Min. Diameter: 150mm
Guideline: SYABAS

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Step 1: Open Application

a. Double click Aquator application.

Step 2: Setup Parameter

Step a

Step d

Step c Step e

Diagram 1.1: Setup parameter before Import CAD

Step 2: (Please refer Diagram 1.1: Setup parameter before Import CAD)
a) Select Setup icon.
b) At “General”, go to “Check Pressure Type” and “Default Data”.
c) Change pressure type at “Check Pressure type” as HSL.
d) At “Default Data” change “Required Head” as 0 and set parameter require such as;
i. Pipe Name
ii. Hydrant Flow
iii. Diameter

e) Click “OK” button.

Step 3: Import CAD Drawing

Step a

Step b

Diagram 2.1: Import CAD

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Step 3: (Please refer Diagram 2.1: Import CAD)


a) Go to “CAD” tab.
b) Select “CAD Import”.
c) Locate the CAD drawing to import.

d) “Drawing Scale” box will pop up. Click “Accept” button.

e) “Water Supply Guideline” will pop up. Select guideline to design which is SYABAS.

f) Then, click “OK” button.


g) Layout will appear.

Step 4: Modeling Water Network


Step a

Step c

Step i

Step ii
Step b

Diagram 3.1: Modeling Water network


Step 4: (Please refer Diagram 3.1: Modeling Water Network)
a) Go to “Water” Tab.
b) Turn off CAD layout by mouse click at background layout, then press space bar.
c) Select “Node” icon, start to model it by mouse click.
i. Left click mouse.
ii. Release mouse.

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iii. Continue by left click and release until end.


iv. To end, just right click or Esc for short cut key.

Step 5: Insert Intake (Tapping Point & Pressure Head)

Step c
Step e
Step d

Step f Step b

Step a

Diagram 5.1: Add tapping point and pressure head

Step 5: (Please refer Diagram 5.1: Add tapping point and pressure head)
a) Select node for intake.
b) Once select required node, node will be highlight in yellow colour.
c) Go to properties (left hand side) at “1-Input” table.
d) At “7.Tapping Point” change as “True”.
e) After change “True”, layout at required node will appear arrow (means that Intake point)
f) Other number 7, “7-Tapping Pressure Head”, add pressure head required as 18 m.

ODL=21.35m , GL=3.35m
Pressure Head = 21.35 – 3.35
= 18.0 m

Step 6: Insert HSL and Water Demand, Q

Step b

Step c
Step a

Step d

Diagram 6.1: Add HSL and Q at node required.

Step 6: (Please refer Diagram 6.1: Add HSL and Q at node required)
a) Select node that contain Q. (will be highlight in yellow colour after select)
b) Go to properties at “1-Input” again.
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c) Insert the Q for Low Cost House as 0.013 l/s at “3-Q”.


d) Insert HSL as 7m at “8-HSL”.
e) Repeat step a – d for any required node contain HSL and Q only.

Step 7: Insert Hydrant

Step b
Step a
Step c

Step d

Diagram 7.1: Hydrant and Q hydrant

Step 7: (Please refer Diagram 7.1: Hydrant and Q hydrant)


a) Select required node for Hydrant. (Will be highlight in yellow colour after select).
b) Go to properties again, at “2-Setting”.
c) Change “IsHydrant” as “True”.
d) After changed it, hydrant icon will appear at node required and also the hydrant Q.

Step 8: Insert Ground Level

Step b

Step c

Step a

Diagram 8.1: Add on Ground Level


Step 8: (Please refer Diagram 8.1: Add on Ground Level)
a) Select node at layout (in yellow colour, the item already selected)
b) Go to properties (left hand side).
c) At “1-Input”, insert ground level at item number “4-GL” as 3.35.
d) Repeat Step a – c for every node have.

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Step 9: Generate Result

Step a Step b

Diagram 9.1: Generate Result

Step 9: (Please refer Diagram 9.1: Generate Result)

a) Select “Integrity” icon.


b) Integrity box will pop up, select “OK” button to proceed.

c) Select “Run” icon.


d) Run box will pop up, select “OK” button.

Notes:
If after “Integrity” show as Integrity FAILED, kindly check
the caused failed at Error List and fix it to proceed.

Step 10: Save Project File

Step a

Step b

Diagram 10.1: Save As

Step 10: (Please refer Diagram 10.1: Save As)


a) Select “File” Icon.
b) Select “Save As” for first time save.
c) Locate the place to save. Example at Desktop.
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d) Create “New Folder” and name it.


e) Open the folder, save the file.
f) Save box will pop up, select “OK” button.

Notes:
To RE-SAVE same project, select Save or Save icon.
Please save every project into different folder.

Step 11: Generate Section, 3D View, Calculation and Report


11.1 Section
Step a

Step b

Step f
Step c

Step e

Step d
Diagram 11.1: Default Section

Step 11.1: (Please refer Diagram 11.1: Default Section)

a) Click “Section” icon.


b) The section data will appear at left hand side.
c) Tick as right all the section required.

d) Select “Build” button.

e) To change section or datum, select “Setup” button. (Shortcut for section from Setup
icon)

f) To save, select “Save” Icon at section part. Section will save inside the folder created
in .dwg format.

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11.2 3D View
Step a

Step b

Diagram 11.3: 3D View


Step 11.2: (Please refer Diagram 11.3: 3D View)

a) Select “3D View” icon.


b) 3D will be generate.
c) To save it, need to print screen.

11.3 Calculation

Step a Step f

Step b Step d

Step c Step e

Diagram 11.4: Calculation

Step 11.3: (Please refer Diagram 11.4: Calculation)


a) Select “Calc” icon.
b) Data calculation table will pop up.

c) For pipe calculation, click “Select all” button.

d) Click “Show” button, calculation of pipe will appear.

e) To save select “Save to file” or “Copy” button.

f) To view “Node” calculation, click “Node” tab.


g) Repeat step c – e.

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No 6-3, JalanPuteri 2/4, Bandar PuteriPuchong, 47100 Puchong, Selangor.Website: www.infravera.com
Tel: 03-8063 5733 Fax: 03-8051 4637 Email: sales@infravera.com (Sales) support@infravera.com (Tech. Support)

11.4 Report
Step a

Step b

Step c

Step d

Step e

Diagram 11.5: Report

Step 11.4: (Please refer Diagram 11.5: Report)


a) Select “Report” tab.

b) Insert tile or project or etc. at “Setup” icon.

c) Select “water” icon to generate report.


d) Preview report will appear.
e) To save, select “File”  Export Document  Choose format report to save.
f) Report will be save at folder created before (save project file).

Step 12: Open Existing Project


a) Select “Open a project file” .
b) Located the previous project file save.

c) Re-fresh result by select “Integrity” and “Run”

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Infravera Engineering Software.(2335278-U)
No 6-3, JalanPuteri 2/4, Bandar PuteriPuchong, 47100 Puchong, Selangor.Website: www.infravera.com
Tel: 03-8063 5733 Fax: 03-8051 4637 Email: sales@infravera.com (Sales) support@infravera.com (Tech. Support)

18.2 Design for Required Head

Sample Project Data:

Development: Terrace House


Unit: 15

Hydrant Flow : 250 gpm


Required Head: 7.5m

ODL: 21.35m
Ground Level: 15.0 m

Pipe Type: MS1


Min. Diameter: 150mm
Guideline: SYABAS

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Infravera Engineering Software.(2335278-U)
No 6-3, JalanPuteri 2/4, Bandar PuteriPuchong, 47100 Puchong, Selangor.Website: www.infravera.com
Tel: 03-8063 5733 Fax: 03-8051 4637 Email: sales@infravera.com (Sales) support@infravera.com (Tech. Support)

Step 1: Open Application

a. Double click Aquator application.

Step 2: Setup Parameter

Step d

Step c

Diagram 11.6: Setup parameter before Import CAD

Step 2: (Please refer Diagram 11.6: Setup parameter before Import CAD)
a) Select Setup icon.
b) At “General”, go to “Check Pressure Type” and “Default Data”.
c) Change pressure type at “Check Pressure type” as Required Head.
d) At “Default Data”, set parameter require such as;
i. Pipe Name
ii. Hydrant Flow
iii. Diameter
iv. Required Head

e) Click “OK” button.

 Repeat Step 3 until Step 12 as above (18.1 Design for HSL).

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