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sisxlis samarTlis

procesi
(zogadi nawilis calkeuli
institutebi)

meore gamocema

gamomcemloba `samarTali~
Tbilisi _ 2009
Sinaarsi
wignSi gadmocemulia sisxlis samarTlis procesis zoga-
di nawilis calkeuli institutebi, im sakanonmdeblo cvli-
Tavi I
lebebiT, romelic maT ganicades. aris garkveuli Teoriuli
sakiTxebis individualuri gadawyvetis mcdelobac, rac naSroms sisxlis samarTlis procesis arsi, amocanebi,
sainteresos xdis. mizani, saproceso forma, saproceso garantiebi,
wigni gankuTvnilia umaRlesi saswavleblebis iuridiuli saproceso funqciebi da sisxlis samarTlis
fakultetis studentebisaTvis da sazogadoebis im wevrTaTvis, procesis stadiebi ................................................................................ 7
romlebic dainteresubulni arian sisxlis samarTlis proce- $1. sisxlis samarTlis procesis arsi ............................................
............................................7
7
sis sakiTxebiT. naSromi daxmarebas gauwevs praqtikaSi moRvawe
$2. sisxlis samarTlis procesis amocanebi da mizani ........ ........117
iuristebs, aseve magistrantebs, doqtorantebs.
$3. saproceso forma da misi mniSvneloba .................................
.................................2
29
$4. saproceso garantiebis arsi ........................................................
........................................................333
avtorTa koleqtivis xelmZRvaneli $5. saproceso funqciis arsi da saxeebi ......................................
......................................338
$6. sisxlis samarTlis procesis stadiebi ...............................
...............................6
64
da redaqtori prof. rezo gogSeliZe
Tavi III
winamdebare naSromis avtorebi arian:
sisxlis saproceso samarTali da misi
samarTlis doqtori, asoc. prof. i. aqubardia _ wyaroebi .........................................................................................................72
Tavi IV, V Tavis $2; $3; $5; $6; $7; $8; $9; $12. $1. sisxlis saproceso samarTlis cneba ..................................... 72
samarTlis doqtori, sruli prof. r. gogSeliZe _ $2. sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobani ........ ........7
79
Tavi I; Tavi II; Tavi III; V Tavis $11; Tavi VII; $3. sisxlis saproceso samarTlis wyaroebi wyaroebi.............................
............................. 84
VIII Tavis $1; $2; $4; $5; $6. $4. sisxlis saproceso samarTlis formebi .............................. ..............................9
90
$5. sisxlis saproceso samarTali iuridiul
samarTlis doqtori, Tsu asoc. prof. l. fafiaSvili _ mecnierebaTa sistemaSi ...................................................................
...................................................................998
V Tavis $1; $4; $10. VIII Tavis $3; $7. $6. sisxlis saproceso samarTali, rogorc
samarTlis doqtori, Tsu as. prof. n. gogniaSvili _ Tavi VI mecniereba. ............................................................................................10
............................................................................................ 1022
Tavi III
meore gamocema
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis
moqmedebis farglebi ..................................................................... 106
© gamomcemloba `samarTali~, 2009 $1. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis
moqmedeba droSi ...............................................................................
...............................................................................1106
ISBN 99940-807-8-4 $2. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis moqmedeba
sivrceSi ................................................................................................1
................................................................................................109

3
$3. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis moqmdeba ucxo
saxelmwifos moqalaqisa da moqalaqeobis armqone $11. sisxlis samarTlis procesSi monawileobis
pirTa mimarT .......................................................................................
.......................................................................................1112 gamomricxavi garemoebani. acileba .........................................3
.........................................315
acilebisa da TviTacilebis gancxadebisa da
Tavi IIV gadawyvetis wesi .......................................................................
.......................................................................32
3255
sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebi ........................ 117 $12. sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawileTa dacvis
sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebis specialuri RonisZiebani.............................................................3
............................................................. 328
cneba da sistema ............................................................................... 117 Tavi V
VI
Tavi V mtkicebulebani da mtkiceba sisxlis samarTlis
procesis monawileni .............................................................................. 179 procesSi ......................................................................................................341

$1. sasamarTlo ...........................................................................................


...........................................................................................1179 $.1. mtkicebiTi samarTlisa da mtkicebiTi Teoriis
$2. prokurori ........................................................................................... 198 cneba ........................................................................................................ 341
$3. gamomZieblis samarTlebrivi statusi ................................ 203 $2. mtkicebulebis cneba sisxlis samarTlis
$4 dazaralebuli da misi warmomadgeneli procesSi ...............................................................................................3
............................................................................................... 345
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi .................................................. 21 2133 $3. mtkicebis sagani da mtkicebis farglebi ......................... 349
$5. eWvmitanilis samarTlebrivi statusi ................................ ................................23
2355 $4. mtkicebulebaTa calkeuli saxeebi ...................................... 360
$6. braldebulis samarTlebrivi statusi da $5. mtkicebulebaTa klasifikacia.................................................. 396
ufleba-movaleobebi ....................................................................... 24 2411 $6. mtkicebis procesi...........................................................................
...........................................................................4401
$7. damcvelis samarTlebrivi statusi da Tavi VI
VII
ufleba-movaleobebi ...................................................................... 25 2544
pasuxismgebloba winaswari gamoZiebis dros da
$8. samoqalaqo mosarCele da misi warmomadgeneli ........... 26 2677
sasamarTloSi saproceso movaleobaTa Seus-
$9. samoqalaqo mopasuxe da misi warmomadgeneli ............... ...............27
2788
ruleblobisa da wesrigis darRvevisaTvis ........407
$10. pirebi, romlebic moiwvevian saqmeze WeSmaritebis
dadgenaSi daxmarebis gasawevad (mowme, eqsperti, Tavi VII
VIII
specialisti, Tarjimani, damswre) rogorc sisxlis samarTlis procesis zogadi nawilis
procesis subieqtebi ......................................................................
......................................................................28
2833 sxva debulebebi .................................................................................. 416
mowme ........................................................................................................28
........................................................................................................ 2833 $1. saproceso vadebi .............................................................................. 416
Tarjimani..............................................................................................
..............................................................................................29
299 9 $2. sasamarTlo xarjebi....................................................................... 421
eqsperti ................................................................................................ 30 3022 $3. reabilitacia ................................................................................... 425
specialisti ......................................................................................... 31 310
0 $4. Suamdgomloba .....................................................................................
.....................................................................................4
437
damswre ................................................................................................... 31 312
2 $5. saCivari ................................................................................................. 440
$6. sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gaerTianeba da
gamoyofa ............................................................................................... 445

4 5
$7 samarTlebrivi daxmareba da urTierToba Tavi I
sazRvargareTis saxelmwifoebTan ......................................... 447
a) samarTlebrivi daxmareba sagamoZiebo da
sisxlis samarTlis procesis arsi, amocanebi,
sasamarTlo moqmedebebis Catarebis, mowmeTa Cvene-
mizani, saproceso forma, saproceso garantiebi,
bebis, mtkicebulebaTa, masalebis an dokumentebis,
saproceso funqciebi da sisxlis samarTlis
informaciis miRebis mizniT .............................................
.............................................4 449
procesis stadiebi
b) samarTlebrivi daxmareba mtkicebulebaTa da
informaciis, dokumentebis da masalebis gadacemis
$1. sisxlis samarTlis procesis arsi
sakiTxebSi ........................................................................................ 454
g) samarTlebrivi daxmareba mowmed, eqspertad,
dazaralebulad, samoqalaqo mosarCeled /
saqarTveloSi, iseve, rogorc msoflios sxvadasxva
mopasuxed pirTa mowvevis sakiTxebSi ............................. 456 qveynebSi SeiniSneba danaSaulTa mateba. ra uwyobs xels,
d) eqstradicia ................................................................................. 460 ra faqtorebi ganapirobeben danaSaulis arnaxul zrdas? _
pasuxi martivia: mZime socialur-ekonomikuri pirobebi,
umuSevroba, zogierTi adamianis ltolva kanonis darRveviT
qonebis dagrovebisa, sazogadoebis nawilis zneobrivi degra-
dacia, saxelmwifo ideologiis, rogorc adamianis mrwamsis
ararseboba, mosaxleobis did nawilSi siRaribe, mxolod
mcire nawilSi _ simdidre da mravali sxva.
samarTaldamcavi organoebi ver axerxeben Zirfesvianad
amoZirkvon danaSaulis xelSemwyobi mizezebi, faqtorebi,
magram cdiloben iZulebiTi RonisZiebebis gamoyenebiT mx-
olod SeaCeron danaSauli. Znelia sazogadoebis marTva
mxolod da mxolod qmedebis amkrZalavi normebiT.
danaSaulis winaaRmdeg brZola advilia im saxelmwi-
foebSi, sadac ekonomikuri da politikuri berketebis
balansiT Seqmnilia harmoniuli Tanacxovreba sazogadoe-
bis wevrebs Soris.
magram ramdenadac, calkeul qveynebSi, maT Soris saqarT-
veloSic adgili aqvs kanondarRvevebs (danaSauls), Cndeba
kiTxva, rogor movaxerxoT danaSaulis gaxsna? pasuxs das-
mul kiTxvaze vipoviT iseT iuridiul disciplinaSi,
rogoricaa sisxlis samarTlis procesi, romelic ganusaz-
6 7
Rvravs kompetentur saxelmwifo organoebs, Tu rogori da qmnis imis garants, rom sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZ-
wesebisa da pirobebis dacviT, ra moqmedebebis CatarebiT raobis dros daculi iqneba kanonis uzenaesoba da proce-
iqnes gamoZiebuli da gaxsnili danaSauli. sis monawileTa uflebebi.
ufro naTeli, rom gavxadoT sisxlis samarTlis pro- ase magaliTad, gamomZiebeli, romelic sisxlis samar-
cesis buneba, mizanSewonilad migvaCnia, gavxsnaT sityvis _ Tlis saproceso kanonmdeblobiT aRWurvilia garkveuli
`procesi~ arsi (ramdenadac viciT ras niSnavs `sisxlis uflebamosilebiT, momxdar faqtTan dakavSirebiT iwyebs
samarTali~). sityva `procesi~ _ laTinuri warmoSobisaa gamoZiebas, atarebs sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanoniT
(`processus~) da qarTulad niSnavs _ winsvlas. Tu `pro- gansazRvrul saproceso moqmedebebs: SemTxvevis adgilis
cesis~ nacvlad winsvlas gamoviyenebT _ miviRebT `sisxlis daTvaliereba, Cxreka, amoReba, dakiTxva, eqspertizis daniS-
samarTlis winsvlas~, magram mxedvelobaSia ara `sisxlis vna da a.S., raTa Sekribos sakmarisi mtkicebulebebi sisxlis
samarTlis~ mecnierebis winsvlis, moZraobis Seswavla, samarTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dasadgenad. prokurori ki,
aramed sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZraobis, winsvlis winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze axorcielebs gamoZiebis sap-
Seswavla. sad veZeboT sisxlis samarTlis saqmis sawyisi? roceso xelmZRvanelobas. rac gulisxmobs imas, rom igi
saidan iwyebs igi moZraobas? da saiT miemarTeba? SeiZleba gamomZiebels aZlevs sxvadasxva saxis miTiTebebs, exmareba
martivad vTqvaT: sisxlis samarTlis saqme moZraobas, wins- mas gamoZieba awarmoos yovelmxriv, srulad, obieqturad,
vlas iwyebs im momentidan, rodesac momxdar faqtTan gamoavlinos braldebulis rogorc mamxilebeli, aseve
dakavSirebiT daiwyeba gamoZieba da miemarTeba sasamarTlo- gamamarTlebeli garemoebebi, agreTve braldebulis pasux-
saken, raTa dadgindes ganxorcielebulia Tu ara danaSaulis ismgeblobis damamZimebeli Tu Semamsubuqebeli garemoebe-
Semadgenlobis niSnebi, vin aris braleuli kanonsawinaaRm- bi.
dego qmedebis CadenaSi, vis daedos msjavri da vin iqnes mas Semdeg, rac prokurori miiCnevs, rom winasasamarT-
cnobili msjavrdebulad? lo gamoZiebis etapze Sekrebili mtkicebulebebisa da in-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZraobis, winsvlis mamoZ- formaciis erToblioba sakmarmisia gonivruli eWvisaTvis,
ravebeli Zalebis, subieqtTa wre sisxlis samarTlis sap- rom pirma Caidina danaSauli, gamoaqvs dadgenileba piris
roceso kanonmdeblobiTaa gansazRvruli. subieqtTa am wres braldebulis saxiT pasuxisgebaSi micemis Sesaxeb an aZlevs
miekuTvneba: gamomZiebeli, prokurori, mosamarTle da sasa- Tanxmobas gamomZiebels aseTi dadgenilebis gamotanis Tao-
marTlo, romlebic TavianTi saqmianobis dros sargebloben baze. winaswari gamoZieba sruldeba prokuroris mier sa-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanoniT miniWebuli sapro- braldebo daskvnis SedgeniT.
ceso uflebebiT da akisriaT movaleobebi. sabraldebo daskvna aris braldebulisadmi wardgenili
aRniSnuli Tanamdebobis pirebis saqmianoba qaosurad ki braldebis mokle werilobiTi aRwera, igi safuZveli
ar mimdinareobs, aramed erTian sistemas warmoadgens, mo- xdeba sisxlis samarTlis saqmis sasamarTloSi gadagza-
qceulia sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis CarCoebSi vnisa. sasamarTloSi ki sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganx-

8 9
ilva da gadawyveta moxdeba erTpirovnulad mosamarTlis retul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadge-
mier an kolegiurad mosamarTleTa SemadgenlobiT, romel- nas.
ic sruldeba ganaCenis gamotaniT. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom aRniSnuli pirebis savaldebulo
zemoT naCvenebi msjelobidan ikveTeba, rom sisxlis monawileoba sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi, sisxlis samarTlis
samarTlis procesis erT-erTi mniSvnelovani elementi unda procesis aseve mniSvnelovani Semadgeneli elemetia
elemetia, emsax-
iyos _ sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanoniT gansaz- ureba sisxlis samarTlis procesis bunebis gaxsnas.
Rvruli gamomZieblisa da prokuroris (gamoZiebisa da sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebis dros saqmeSi Cab-
prokuraturis organoebis) saqmianoba, mimarTuli danaSau- muli pirebi, eseni iqnebian: procesis mwarmoebeli pirebi
lis faqtis gamoZiebisaken, da aseve, mosamarTlis (sasa- (gamomZiebeli, prokurori, mosamarTle, sasamarTlo) Tu
marTlos) saqmianoba,
saqmianoba mimarTuli sisxlis samarTlis saqmis procesis sxva monawileni (dazaralebuli, misi warmomad-
ganxilvisa da gadawyvetisaken. geneli, braldebuli, misi damcveli, mowme, eqsperti, spe-
faqtTan dakavSirebiT iwyeba ra gamoZieba, sisxlis sa- cialisti, Tarjimani) erTmaneTTan mWidrod arian dakav-
marTlis saqmis moZraoba _ procesis mwarmoebeli pirebi Sirebuli. ama Tu im saproceso moqmedebis Catarebis dros
(gamomZiebeli, prokurori, mosamarTle, sasamarTlo) sisx- procesis monawileTa saproceso uflebebisa da movaleobe-
lis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobidan gamomdinare bis realizaciis dros maT Soris uamravi saproceso urT-
valdebulni arian gamokveTon pirebi, romlebic dainter- ierTobebi aRmocendeba. amdagvari saproceso urTierTobe-
esebulni arian sisxlis samarTlis saqmis SedegiT, e.i. bis safuZvelze sisxlis samarTlis procesis winaSe mdgari
icaven sakuTar interesebs an arian maTi warmomadgenlebi. amocanebisa da miznis Sesruleba miRwevadi xdeba. sisxlis
eseni gaxlavT: dazaralebuli da misi warmomadgeneli; samarTlis procesi saproceso urTierTobis gareSe yovlad
braldebuli da misi damcveli. sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoudgenelia, regulirebis sagnis gareSe darCeboda.
gamoZiebis dros, procesis mwarmoebeli pirebi saqmeSi amitom unda iTqvas, rom procesis monawileebs Soris
moiwveven im pirebs, romlebic floben informacias momxdari aRmocenebuli saproceso urTierTobac (aq igulisxmeba
faqtis Sesaxeb (mowme, eqsperti), aseve saqmeSi CarTaven urTierToba, rogorc uSualod procesis mwarmoebel pirebs
damxmare funqciis Sesasruleblad: specialists, Tarjimans, Soris, aseve urTierToba procesis mwarmoebel pirebsa da
sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivans. sisxlis samarTlis procesSi procesis sxva monawileebs Soris, TviT procesis sxva
Cabmuli zemoT xsenebuli pirebic axorcieleben sisxlis monawileebs Soris), romelic sisxlis samarTlis sapro-
samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobiT miniWebuli sapro- ceso normebiT wesrigdeba _ sisxlis samarTlis procesis
ceso uflebebisa da dakisrebuli movaleobebis safuZvelze elementia. am elements sinaTle Seaqvs sisxlis samarTlis
elementia
gansazRvrul saqmianobas (ganacxadeben Suamdgomlobas, ac- procesis arsSi, misi arteriaa.
ilebas, monawileoben sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa CatarebaSi, sisxlis samarTlis procesis damoukidebel iuridiul
gamodian sasamarTloSi da a.S.), riTac xels uwyoben konk- disciplinad arsebobas gamarTleba ver moeZebneboda, Tu

10 11
mis winaSe garkveuli amocanebis gadawyveta ar daismeboda nawilad yofs: erTis mxriv _ sasamarTlo da mosamarTle
da ar disaxeboda garkveuli miznis miRweva. unda iTqvas, da meores mxriv sakuTriv procesi (sisxlis samarTlis
rom sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZraoba (winsvla) saboloo saqmis moZraoba). anviTarebs ra sakuTar mosazrebas, igi
jamSi sisxlis samarTlis procesis winaSe mdgari amocane- wers, rom: `sisxlis saproceso samarTali awesrigebs sar-
bis gadawyvetas da miznis miRwevas emsaxureba. sisxlis Celis instituts (mxedvelobaSia sajaro da samoqalaqo),
samarTlis procesis mizani is mwvervalia, sadac sisxlis romlis wardgeniTac iwyeba saqmis warmoeba da aseve awes-
samarTlis procesi Tavisi arsebobis gamarTlebas poulobs. rigebs iusticiis organoebis status da organizacias, es
amitom unda iTqvas sisxlis samarTlis procesis mizani, warmoeba ra Tqma unda gulisxmobs TviT warmoebis wess~.
romelic sisxlis samarTlis procesis bunebas avsebs da zogierTi franguli iuridiuli doqtrina: `sisxlis sa-
amyarebs unda CaiTvalos mis erT-erT elementad (sisxlis marTlis process ganixilavs, rogorc mxolod kompeten-
samarTlis procesis amocanebze da mizanze qvemoT gveqneba turi saxelmwifo organoebis saqmianobis sistemas, mi-
saubari). marTuls sisxlis samarTlis saqmis sawarmoeblad~.
yovelive zemoT Tqmulidan gamomdinare SeiZleba Sevjer- rac Seexeba amerikel mecnierebs, maT Sorisac azrTa
deT da davaskvnaT: sisxlis samarTlis procesi aris sxvadasxvaobaa sisxlis samarTlis procesis arsTan dakav-
gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis, sasamarTlosa da SirebiT. kaliforniis universitetis profesori r. perkinsi
sisxlis samarTalwarmoebis sxva monawileTa kanoniT mowes- werda: `sisxlis samarTlis procesi _ esaa formaluri
rigebuli saqmianoba, mimarTuli konkretul sisxlis sa- meqanizmi, romelic dawesebulia materialuri sisxlis
marTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dasadgenad. samarTlis ganxorcielebisaTvis~, am ganmartebaSi marTlac
sisxlis samarTlis procesis aRniSnul ganmartebaSi aris WeSmariteba. C. frikki ki SeniSnavda: `sisxlis samar-
SevecadeT gadmogveca misTvis damaxasiaTebeli elementebi. Tlis procesi _ esaa samarTliT gawerili meTodi piris
TumcaRa saproceso literaturis gacnoba dagvarwmunebs, dakavebis, sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganx-
rom arsebobs sisxlis samarTlis procesis arsis gagebis ilvis, danaSaulis Camdeni piris mimarT sisxlissamarT-
uamravi varianti. kerZod, germaneli mecnieri iuristebi lebrivi devnis, agreTve danaSaulis Camdeni piris mimarT
miiCneven, rom sisxlis samarTlis procesi _ es aris kano- sasjelis gansazRvris Sesaxeb~.
niT mowesrigebuli sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZraoba im dRes, amerikis umaRles iuridiul saswavleblebSi
mizniT, rom dadgindes ganaCeni. am ganmartebaSi aris WeS- gavrcelebul sisxlis samarTlis procesis saxelmZR-
maritebis marcvali. vaneloebSi gvxvdeba sisxlis samarTlis procesis Semdegi
frang mecnier iuristebs sisxlis samarTlis procesis definicia: `rom sisxlis samarTlis procesi es aris is
arsi sxvadasxvagvarad aqvT gagebuli, yvela Sexedulebis procedura, romelsac gaivlis sisxlis samarTlis saqme
CamoTvla Sors wagviyvans, moviyvanT mxolod Jan pradel- piris dapatimrebis momentidan sasjelis daniSvnis momen-
iseul xedvas, romelic sisxlis samarTlis process or tamde~. aqve, imasac dasZenen, rom: `amerikuli sisxlis

12 13
samarTlis sistemis modeli gvevlineba SejibrebiTobisa da saqmianobisa da am saqmianobis safuZvelze aRmocenebuli
braldebis modelad. sisxlis samarTlis procesi unda urTierTobebis samarTlebrivi mowesrigeba. aris mosazreba,
abalansebdes braldebulis uflebasa da saxelmwifos in- romelic sisxlis samarTlis procesSi oTx elements
teresebs swrafi da efeqtiani marTlmsajulebis ganxor- gamoyofs.
cielebis meSveobiT da ra Tqma unda samarTlianobisadmi saproceso literaturaSi xSirad daismis xolme
swrafviT~. sakiTxi sisxlis samarTlis procesisa da marTlmsajuleb-
sxvadasxva xedvaa sisxlis samarTlis procesis ele- is mimarTebis Sesaxeb
Sesaxeb. rodesac sisxlis samarTlis pro-
mentebTan mimarTebaSic. ase magaliTad, m.s. strogoviCi cesis cnebas vayalibebdiT, SevniSnavdiT, rom: `sisxlis
saubrobs ra sisxlis samarTlis procesis arsze, masSi samarTlis procesi aris gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosa-
xedavs or ZiriTad elements: a) gamoZiebis organoebis, marTlis, sasamarTlosa da sisxlissamarTalwarmoebis sxva
prokuraturisa da sasamarTlos saqmianobas, aRmocenebuls monawileTa kanoniT mowesrigebuli saqmianoba~. sisxlis
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis safuZvelze da samarTlis procesis bunebis gasaxsnelad vasaxelebT iseT
b) samarTlebrivi urTierToba, rogorc uSualod aRniSnul elementebs, rogoricaa sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZrao-
organoebs Soris, aseve aRniSnul organoebsa da im mo- bis dros saxelmwifo organoebisa da Tanamdebobis pirTa
qalaqeebsa da organizaciebs Soris, romlebzedac vrcel- saqmianoba, am organoebSi da Tanamdebobis pirebSi vgulisx-
deba procesis mwarmoebel organoTa saqmianoba. rogoria mobT sasamarTlosac da mosamarTlesac. yovelive es ki,
kavSiri sisxlis samarTlis procesis am or elements So- xom ar niSnavs imas, rom sisxlis samarTlis procesi da
ris? esaa _ kavSiri Sinaarsisa da formisa. sisxlis sap- marTlmsajuleba identuri cnebebia an sisxlis samarTlis
roceso samarTlebrivi urTierToba, romelic aRmocendeba procesi STanTqavs marTlmsajulebas. Tu marTlmsajulebas
procesis mwarmoebel organoebs Soris danaSaulis winaaRm- viwro kuTxiT SevxedavT, masSi moviazrebT mxolod da
deg brZolis sferoSi aris samarTlebrivi forma, xolo mxolod sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvas, romelic
aRniSnuli organoebis saqmianoba aris sisxlis saproceso sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsiT dadgenili sap-
samarTlebrivi urTierTobis Sinaarsi. roceso formiT mimdinareobs, maSin sisxlis samarTlis
zogierT rusul saxelmZRvaneloSi sisxlis samarTlis procesi ufro farTo cnebad mogvevlineba da marTlmsa-
procesis sam elementzea saubari: a) sisxlis samarTlis juleba mis mier STanTqmulad.
saproceso kanonmdeblobiT gansazRvrul saxelmwifo or- magram saqme imaSia, rom marTlmsajuleba gvevelineba
ganoTa, Tanamdebobis pirTa da im pirTa saqmianoba, romlebic ra sasamarTlo xelisuflebis ganxorcielebis erT-erT
wodebulni arian procesis monawileebad: b) sisxlis sa- formad ar daiyvaneba mxolod sisxlis samarTlis saqmis
marTlis saqmis moZraobis Sedegad procesis monawileebs ganxilvamde. aq, igulisxmeba agreTve administraciuli da
Soris aRmocenebuli samarTlebrivi urTierTobani; g) pro- samoqalaqo saqmeTa ganxilvac (zogierTi mecnieri sakon-
cesis mwarmoebel pirTa da procesis sxva monawileTa stitucio sasamarTlos mier saqmeTa ganxilvasac miiCnevs

14 15
marTlmsajulebad), romlebic mimdinareobs Sesabamisi sap- is ganxorcielebis iseT formebs, rogoricaa: sisxlis,
roceso kanonmdeblobiT. samoqalaqo, konstituciuri, administraciuli da zogierT
e.i. gamodis, rom marTlmsajuleba ufro farTo Sinaar- qveynebSi saarbitraJo warmoeba.
sis mtvirTvelia, vidre sisxlis samarTlis procesi. magram saproceso literaturaSi xSirad gvxvdeba gamoTqma
es ganacxadi sulac ar niSnavs imas, rom sisxlis samarT- sisxlissamarTalwarmoeba, igi Tavisi Sinaarsobrivi dat-
lis processa da marTlmsajulebas Soris mWidro kavSiri virTviT igivea, rac sisxlis samarTlis procesi.
ar arsebobs. am kavSirTan dakavSirebiT zemoT ukve aRvniS-
neT. damatebiT SeiZleba iTqvas, rom marTlmsajuleba saz-
rdoobs sisxlis samarTlis, samoqalaqo samarTlis sapro- $2. sisxlis samarTlis procesis
ceso da yvela im samarTlis normebiT, romlebic gamoiyen- amocanebi da mizani
eba administraciuli, samoqalaqo Tu sisxlis samarTlis
specialur iuridiul literaturaSi gvxvdeba ter-
saqmeTa ganxilvisas. misi iuridiuli safuZveli ufro
minebi sisxlis samarTlis procesi; sisxlis saproceso
farToa. sisxlis samarTlis procesi ki saproceso moq-
samarTali; sisxlis samarTlis procesi, rogorc mecniere-
medebaTa Catarebis wess adgens da gansazRvravs sisxlis
ba; sisxlis saproceso samarTali, rogorc samarTlis
samarTlis saproceso normebiT.
dargi; aris Semoklebuli variantic sisxlis procesi, rom-
amdenad, SeiZleba davaskvnaT, Tu marTlmsajuleba erTis
lis Sinaarsobriv datvirTvaSidac moiazreben yvela zemoT
mxriv gagebuli iqneba, rogorc sisxlis samarTlis saqmis
xsenebuli terminebis Sinaarsac, rac Cveni SexedulebiT
ganxilva (viwro formiT), maSin sisxlis samarTlis pro-
arasworia. ra Tqma unda yvela zemoT xsenebuli termine-
cesi ufro farTo Sinaarsis gamodis. aseT SemTxvevaSi, igi
bis Sinaarsobriv datvirTvaSi mWidro kavSiri arsebobs,
saproceso kanonis CarCoebSi aqcevs ara mxolod sasamarT-
urTierTs asazrdoeben, magram aris maT Soris gansxvavebac
los saqmianobas sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvisas,
(kvlevis es sfero metad rTuli da sainteresoa, is ar
aramed sasamarTlomdel warmoebasac (winaswar gamoZiebas),
jdeba saxelmZRvanelos farglebSi, vfiqrobT, samomavlod
romelic mimdinareobs sasamarTlosaTvis.
es problema asaxvas hpovebs monografiul gamokvlevaSi).
meores mxriv, Tu marTlmsajulebaSi moviazrebT ara
sisxlis samarTlis procesis arsze visaubreT, mogvianebiT
mxolod da mxolod sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvas,
SevexebiT, sisxlis samarTlis process, rogorc mecnierebas
aramed samoqalaqo da sxva saqmeTa ganxilvis wess, maSin
da rogorc samarTlis dargs. magram Cndeba kiTxva: saqarT-
marTlmsajuleba Tavisi Sinaarsobrivi datvirTviT ufro
velos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis pirvel
farTo cneba iqneba, rameTu ukve igi moicavs, rogorc
muxlSi moqceuli sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmde-
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis, ise samoqalaqo saproceso
blobis amocanebi, romel sferos mivakuTvnoT _ sisxlis
samarTalis, administraciuli saproceso samarTlis da sxva
samarTlis process, rogorc mecnierebas, Tu, rogorc sa-
samarTlis normebs (saerTod, ganasxvaveben marTlmsajuleb-

16 17
marTlis dargs, Tu gavxadoT iseTi zogadi terminis kuT- Saulo piris msjavrdeba; daicvas adamianis uflebebi da
vnileba, rogoricaa sisxlis samarTlis procesi? Tavisuflebebi; sazogadoebaSi daamkvidros kanonis, human-
termini sisxlis samarTlis procesi, romelic iu- izmisa da samarTlianobis ideebis pativiscema.
ridiul literaturaSi, sasamarTlo praqtikaSi xSirad sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZraoba (sisxlis samarTlis
gamoiTqmis mtvirTvelia yvela zemoT xsenebuli termine- procesi) iwyeba momxdar iuridiul faqtTan dakavSirebiT,
bis Sinaarsisa. Tuki gvxvdeba gamoTqma sisxlis samarTlis rodesac aris monacemebi danaSaulis Semadgenlobis niSne-
procesis amocanebi, swori iqneba Tuki am gamonaTqvamSi bis ganxorcielebis Sesaxeb. sisxlis samarTlis procesi
vigulisxmebT sisxlis samarTlis procesis, rogorc dar- mimdinareobs imitom, rom: dadgindes danaSaulis an sxva
gis amocanebs. ramdenadac sisxlis samarTlis saproceso marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis faqtobrivi garemoebani da
kanonmdebloba ar gansazRvravs sisxlis samarTlis proce- misi Camdeni piri. (e.i. gadaiWras sisxlis samarTlis pro-
sis, rogorc mecnierebis amocanebs da meorec, sisxlis cesis winaSe mdgari erT-erTi amocana). aRniSnuli amocanis
samarTlis procesi, rogorc samarTlis dargi aris ra Sesruleba miRweulad rom CaiTvalos, unda dadgindes: a)
saproceso normebis erToblioba, es normebi ki qmnian sisx- danaSaulis an sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis faqto-
lis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobis erTian, mwyobr brivi garemoebani da b) misi Camdeni piri.
sistemas, logikuri iqneba Tu davaskvniT, rom sisxlis modiT axla gavarkvioT ras niSnavs _ dadgindes dana-
samarTlis procesis amocanebSi igulisxmeba sisxlis sa- Saulis faqtobrivi garemoebani, aq upirveles yovlisa
marTlis procesis, rogorc samarTlis dargis amocanebi igulisxmeba aRdgenil iqnes maqsimaluri srulyofilebiT,
(sisxlis samarTlis procesis, rogorc mecnierebis amo- yovelmxriv da obieqturad yvela is garemoeba, ra viTare-
canebi sxvaa, amis Sesaxeb mogvianebiT gveqneba saubari). baSidac sinamdvileSi iqna Cadenili sisxlis samarTlis
mainc, ra amocanebi dgas sisxlis samarTlis procesis, kanoniT akrZaluli marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedeba. gamovlenil
rogorc samarTlis dargis winaSe Sesasruleblad? Tu sisx- iqnes danaSaulis yvela epizodi da marTlsawinaaRmdego
lis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis pirvel muxls davesesx- qmedebis Camdeni yvela piri, danaSaulis gamomwvevi mizeze-
ebiT (es dasesxeba sulac ar gulisxmobs imas, rom sisxlis bi da pirobebi.
samarTlis procesi, rogorc samarTlis dargi daiyvaneba sisx- danaSaulis faqtobrivi garemoebebis srulyofilad
lis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobaze. ara, es ase araa, Seswavla, upirveles yovlisa niSnavs mtkicebulebaTa
sisxlis samarTlis procesi, rogorc samarTlis dargi ufro aucilebeli erTobliobis miRebas, romelTa meSveobiTac
farTo Sinaarsis mtvirTvelia da sxva saproceso insti- SesaZlebeli gaxdeba mtkicebis saganSi Semavali garemoebe-
tutebTan erTad sisxlis saproceso kanonmdeblobasac moicavs). bis dadgena. naTeli moefineba danaSaulis Cadenis xerxsa
es amocanebia: daadginos danaSaulis an sxva marTlsawinaaRm- da saSualebas, danaSaulis motivs, danaSaulebrivi gziT
dego qmedebis faqtobrivi garemoebani da misi Camdeni piri; mopovebuli qonebis adgilsamyofels, gamokveTs marTl-
uzrunvelyos kanonis sworad gamoyeneba, ar dauSvas udana- sawinaaRmdego qmedebis Camden pirs (pirebs) da sxv. calkeu-

18 19
li saxis sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebisa da sasa- obis grZnoba, rom daicvan, kanonmdebels amis garantad maTi
marTloSi ganxilvis dros mtkicebulebaTa srulyofileba misamarTiT damkvidrebuli aqvs acilebisa da TviTacilebis
SeiZleba sxvadasxvarigadac iqnes danaxuli. mTavari isaa, instituti, aseve rig SemTxvevebSi sisxlissamarTlebrivi
konkretul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi imdeni raodenobis pasuxismgeblobac.
mtkicebuleba iyos, rom safuZveli Seqmnas swori gadaw- obieqturobis institutis arseboba, imis garanticaa,
yvetilebis misaRebad (mag. dadgenilebis gamosatanad piris rom Tavidan aviciloT sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gamoZie-
braldebulis saxiT pasuxisgebaSi misacemad da braldebis bisa Tu sasamarTlo ganxilvis calmxrivoba da sisxlis
warsadgenad, sasamarTlo sxdomis dasaniSnavad, ganaCenis samarTlis saqmis garemoebebi SeviswavloT yoveli mxri-
dasadgenad da a.S.). dan.
rac Seexeba moTxovnas _ yovelmxriv iqnes Seswavlili Tu dairRva danaSaulis faqtobrivi garemoebebis
danaSaulis faqtobrivi garemoebebi, gulisxmobs imas, rom dadgenis zemoT xsenebuli moTxovnebidan romelime mainc
amomwuravad iqnes Secnobili yvela is garemoeba, romelic srulyofileba, yovelmx-
(mniSvneloba ara aqvs es iqneba-srulyofileba,
Sedis mtkicebis saganSi da didi mniSvneloba aqvs sisxlis rivoba Tu obieqturoba)
obieqturoba es iqneba: an sisxlissamarT-
samarTlis saqmisaTvis. faqtobriv garemoebaTa yovelmxrivi lebrivi devnis Sewyvetis an gamamarTlebeli ganaCenis
Seswavla safuZvels qmnis wamoweul da Semowmebul iqnes gamotanis an zemdgomi instanciis mxridan ganaCenis Secv-
momxdar faqtTan dakavSirebiT yvela SesaZlo versia. swori lis safuZveli.
mimarTuleba misces gamoZiebas da maSasadame, gamoricxos ra arsia Cadebuli sisxlis samarTlis procesis iseT
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebisa da sasamarTlo ganx- amocanaSi, rogoricaa: dadgindes sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego
ilvis calmxrivoba da arasrulyofileba, aqedan gamomdinare qmedebis faqtobrivi garemoebani? uwinares yovlisa unda
ki ukanono da dausabuTebeli ganaCenis gamotana. iTqvas, rom `sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedeba~ am SemTx-
obieqturoba _ gulisxmobs procesis mwarmoebel pirTa vevaSi, rogorc wesi ar moiazrebs-samoqalaqo an adminis-
(aseve procesis sxva monawileTa) midgomas sisxlis samar- traciul marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebas (aseT qmedebaTa
Tlis saqmeSi arsebuli garemoebebisa da mtkicebulebebis arsebobis SemTxvevaSi faqtobrivi garemoebebi dadgindeba
Sesaswavlad. am sityvis Sinaarsobrivi datvirTvidan is Sesabamisi samoqalaqo da administraciuli saproceso
gamomdinareobs, rom saqmis gamoZiebisa Tu sasamarTlo ganx- kanonmdeblobis mixedviT), aq, isev da isev igulisxmeba
ilvis dros sisxlis samarTlis procesSi Cabmuli pirebi sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebuli marTl-
unda iyvnen miukerZoebelni. dainteresebulni imiT, rom sawinaaRmdego qmedebis faqtobrivi garemoebebis dadgena,
erTnairi gulmodginebiT gairkves braldebulis rogorc magram mxedvelobaSia miRebuli iseTi marTlsawinaaRmdego
mamxilebeli, ise gamamarTlebeli, agreTve maTi pasuxismge- qmedeba, rodesac ar arsebobs danaSaulis yvela niSani
blobis damamZimebeli da Semamsubuqebeli garemoebani. (brali). sxvagvarad rom vTqvaT, es qmedeba Cadenilia bra-
sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawileebma obieqtur- lis gamomricxvel garemoebebSi (mag. Seuracxaoba asakis

20 21
gamo, Seuracxaoba fsiqikuri daavadebis gamo da a.S.). rac sworebisa, aRzrdisa, im azrovnebis Camoyalibebisa, rom
SemdgomSi safuZveli xdeba piris sisxlissamarTlebrivi danaSauli dausjeli ar darCeba.
pasuxismgeblobisagan gaTavisuflebisa, misi dausjelobisa. braleuli piris msjavrdeba yovelTvis dafuZnebuli
qmedeba ki rCeba marTlsawinaaRmdegod. iqneba kanonze da aqedan gamomdinare, Sesrulebuli sisxlis
garda amisa, `sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis faqto- samarTlis procesis iseTi amocana, rogoricaa _ ar dauSvas
brivi garemoebebis dadgenaSi~, aseve unda vigulisxmoT udanaSaulo (swori iuridiuli azrovnebidan gamomdinare
iseTi SemTxvevac, roca Tavidan zustad araa gamokveTili `udanaSaulo~-s nacvlad unda iyos `arabraleuli~, sasa-
Cadenili marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedeba samarTaldarRvevis marTlo gansjis gansasjeli piris `braleuloba~, `arabraleu-
romel sferos miekuTvneba. ufro zustad rom vTqvaT, lobis~ sakiTxs da amis Semdeg dasdebs mas msjavrs. gana
Tavidan, arsebuli faqtobrivi garemoeba iZleva safuZvels logikuria, sasamarTlom gansajos gansasjeli piris `udana-
saqmeze sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobis Saulobis~ an `damnaSaveobis~ sakiTxi, da amis Semdeg miiCnios
gamoyenebisaTvis, magram gamoZiebis procesSi gamoikveTeba, igi `damnaSaved~ da dasdos msjavri?) piris msjavrdeba.
rom saxezea administraciuli samarTaldarRveva. amis Sem- udanaSaulo (arabraleuli) piris msjavrdeba acilebuli
deg, saqmeze gamoyenebuli iqneba adminiatraciuli sapro- iqneba, Tu aRdgeba is realoba, romelSidac mimdinareobda
ceso kanonmdebloba. sisxlis samarTlis kanoniT akrZaluli marTlsawinaaRmdego
rogorc ukve zemoT SevniSneT, sisxlis samarTlis qmedeba. swored aRdgenili realuri suraTi xdeba imis sa-
procesis erT-erTi mniSvnelovani amocanaa: daadginos da- fuZveli, rom, Tu braldeba waredgina arabraleul pirovne-
naSaulis an sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis Camdeni piri.
piri bas, Sewydes mis mimarT sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna, an/da
am amocanis Sesruleba SesaZlebeli xdeba momxdar faqtTan sasamarTlom gamoitanos gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni.
dakavSirebiT yvela savaraudo versiis SemowmebiT, sruli sisxlis samarTlis procesis iseTi amocana, rogoricaa
moculobiT saproceso moqmedebebis CatarebiT da mtkice- _ uzrunvelyos kanonis sworad gamoyeneba,
gamoyeneba uwinares yov-
bulebaTa SekrebiT. danaSaulis an sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego lisa gulisxmobs yvela sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moq-
qmedebis Camdeni piris dadgena savaldebuloa imdenad, ram- medebaTa, agreTve saproceso dokumentebis Sesabamisobas
denadac unda movaxdinoT im realobis aRdgena, ra viTare- sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonebis moTxovnebisadmi.
baSidac Caidina pirma marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedeba, rom misi mniSvnelovania sisxlis samarTlis kanonis sworad gamoy-
braleuloba gamovkveToT da aqedan gamomdinare, SevZloT enebac. gamomZiebelma, prokurorma, mosamarTlem kargad unda
samarTlianobis aRdgena, mxedvelobaSi gvaqvs marTlsawi- icodes qveyanaSi moqmedi kanonmdebloba da is saerTaSor-
naaRmdego qmedebiT gamowveuli zianis gamosworeba, ziani- iso normatiuli aqtebi, romelTac gamoyeneba aqvT saxelm-
sa da marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis gaTvaliswinebiT tol- wifoSi. isini saqmianobis dros sworad unda flobdnen
fasovani sasjelis Sefardeba. danaSaulis Camdeni piris codnas calkeuli kanonebis Sinaarsis Sesaxeb, aseve sworad
samarTliani msjavrdeba safuZveli unda gaxdes misi gamo- unda ganumartavdnen kanonis Sinaarss sisxlis samarTlis

22 23
procesis monawileebs. gamomZiebeli, prokurori, mosamar- pirovnebis uflebaTa da TavisuflebaTa SezRudva SeiZle-
Tle, rodesac kargad floben codnas kanonebis Sinaarsis ba gamoyenebul iqnes mxolod kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul
Sesaxeb, procesis sxva monawileebsac amomwuravad, sru- SemTxvevebSi da farglebSi, isic, yovelTvis upiratesoba
lyofilad ganumartaven da uxsnian maT uflebebsa da unda mieniWos SezRudvis yvelaze msubuq formas.
movaleobebs, aZleven SesaZleblobas realizeba gaukeTon sisxlis samarTlis procesi ara mxolod acxadebs ada-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobiT miniWebul mianis uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis dacvas, aramed awesebs
saproceso uflebebs da dakisrebul saproceso movaleobebs. garantiebsac maT sarealizaciod. ase magaliTad, Tu pro-
gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis aseTi saqmiani cesis monawiles ukanono saproceso moqmedebiT ziani mi-
damokidebulebiT Tavidan iqneba acilebuli sagamoZiebo da adga, kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesiT ufleba aqvs srulad
sasamarTlo Secdomebi, xolo kanonis sworad gamoyeneba ki ainazRauros miyenebuli ziani; TviT saproceso movaleobis
uzrunvelyofili. dakisrebac procesis ama Tu im monawilisadmi, xom erT-
sisxlis samarTlis procesis aseve mniSvnelovani amo- erTi mniSvnelovani garantiaa procesis sxva monawilis
canaa _ daicvas adamianis uflebebi da Tavisuflebebi.
Tavisuflebebi uflebis realizaciisa da a.S.
saqarTvelos konstituciis meore Tavi mTlianad adamianis sainteresod gamoiyureba sisxlis samarTlis procesis
uflebebsa da Tavisuflebebs eTmoba, igi im suliskveTebi- iseTi amocana, rogoricaa sazogadoebaSi daamkvidros
Taa gamsWvaluli, rom adamiani, misi uflebebi da Tavisu- kanonis, humanizmisa da samarTlianobis ideebis pativis-
flebebi samyaros yvelaze umaRlesi faseulobaa. maTi cema. aRniSnuli amocanis Sesruleba mniSvnelovania, rameTu
cema
aRiareba da dacva saxelmwifos sapatio movaleoba. saqarT- igi warmoaCens TviT saxelmwifos saxes. sazogadoebaSi
velos sakanonmdeblo organos mier miRebuli nebismieri kanonisadmi pativiscema maSin Cndeba, rodesac kanonis Si-
kanoni adamianis uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis aRiarebasa naarsi realurad miesadageba adamianis sulier bunebas,
da dacvas emsaxureba. saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis gamoxatavs zrunvas misi uflebebisa da kanonieri inter-
saproceso kodeqsic mowodebulia Tavisi kuTxiT daicvas esebis dasacavad, awesebs garantiebs kanoniT miniWebuli
yvela im adamianis uflebebi, Tavisuflebebi da kanonieri uflebebis, Tavisuflebebis realizaciisaTvis. TviT saxelm-
interesebi, vinc Cabmulia sisxlis samarTlis procesSi, wifo moxele, mosamarTle, prokurori, gamomZiebeli moq-
mniSvneloba ara aqvs es iqneba is pirovneba, romlis mi- medeben kanonis farglebSi, yovelgvari mikerZoebis gareSe
marTac xorcieldeba sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna, Tu da icaven princips kanonis winaSe yvelas Tanasworobisa.
procesis sxva monawile, romelic sxvadasxva safuZvlis sisxlis samarTlis procesis amocana daamkvidros sa-
gamoa sisxlis samarTlis procesSi. zogadoebaSi humanizmis ideebis pativiscema Sesruldeba,
saqarTvelos konstituciaze dayrdnobiT sisxlis sa- Tu TiToeuli saproceso normis Sinaarsis gamoxatuleba
marTlis procesi aRiarebs da icavs pirovnebis Rirsebis iqneba gafrTxileba da zrunva adamianze, mis uflebebze,
xelSeuvalobas, piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobas da a.S. Tavisuflebebze, kanonier interesebze. amisaTvis sisxlis

24 25
samarTlis procesma farTod unda gauRos karebi im saer- dasxva xedvaa. magram, gabatonebulia mosazreba, rom: sisx-
TaSoriso samarTlis sayovelTaod aRiarebul principebsa lis samarTlis procesis mizania sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze
da normebs, romlebic amkvidreben adamianis uflebaTa, Tav- WeSmaritebis dadgena, danaSaulis Camdeni piris braleu-
isuflebaTa, kanonieri interesebis dacvis savaldebuloobas. lobis dadgena da samarTliani dasja, arabraleuli adami-
kargia, rom saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso anis dacva usafuZvlo braldebisagan da moqalaqeebze,
kanonmdeblobam aRniSnuli amocana lozungad ki ar da- aRmzrdelobiTi zemoqmedebis moxdena.
tova, aramed praqtikulad gadadga nabiji da humanizmis rogor gavigoT sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmarite-
ideebis pativiscemas gza gauxsna uamravi saproceso norme- bis dadgena? sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis
bis SemoRebiT (mag. udanaSaulobisa da Tavisuflebis pr- dadgena gulisxmobs imas, rom Tu, sisxlis samarTlis
ezumfcia, marTlmsajulebis xelmisawvdomoba, samarTliani kanoniT akrZaluli marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedeba sinamd-
procesi da swrafi marTlmsajuleba, kanoniereba da sasa- vileSi moxda, aRdgenil iqnes igi iseTive saxiT da faq-
marTlos damoukidebloba, saproceso kanonis ukuZala, tobrivi garemoebebiT, ra viTarebaSidac mimdinareobda, da
rodesac amiT umjobesdeba braldebulis an msjavrdebulis ra Tqma unda dadgenil iqnes danaSaulis an sxva marTl-
mdgomareoba da sxva mravali). sawinaaRmdego qmedebis Camdeni pirovneba.
sisxlis samarTlis procesis amocanis-kanonis, human- xolo, Tu danaSauli an sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego
izmis ideebis pativiscemis damkvidrebas sazogadoebaSi qmedeba sinamdvileSi ar CaudeniaT da gamoZiebis dawyebas
mivyavarT samarTlianobis ideebis pativiscemamde
pativiscemamde. unda safuZvlad daedo Seumowmebeli monacemebi, WeSmaritebis
iTqvas, rom kanonis, humanizmisa da samarTlianobis ideebi dadgena imaSi mdgomareobs, Sewydes winasasamarTlo gamoZie-
erTian mTlianobas qmnian, urTierTs avseben, erTi romelimes ba sisxlis samarTlis kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli qmedebis
gamokleba danarCenis arasrulyofilebas gamoiwvevs. Tuki ar arsebobis gamo.
sazogadoeba gamoxatavs pativiscemas kanonis, masSi gatare- Tu danaSauli an sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedeba Cade-
buli humanuri ideebis mimarT (amis safuZvels iZleva nil iqna, da braldeba waredgina ara im pirovnebas vinc
saproceso normebis Sinaarsi da sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo igi Caidina, aramed sxvas, romelzedac usafuZvlo eWvi
praqtika, e.i. Sefaseba obieqturia), gana amas ar mivyavarT gaCnda _ WeSmaritebis dadgena iqneba arabraleuli pirovne-
samarTlianobis ideebis pativiscemamde? Tavis mxriv, samar- bis reabilitacia, misgan gaumarTlebeli braldebis moxsna.
Tlianobis ideebis pativiscemas isic amyarebs, roca sap- xolo konkretul faqtTan dakavSirebiT, Tu vin Caidina
roceso gadawyvetilebis miRebis dros obieqturad iqneba danaSauli an sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedeba WeSmarite-
gaTvaliswinebuli procesis monawilis pirovneba da Cade- bis sakiTxi Ria, gadauwyveteli rCeba, manam, sanam konkre-
nili danaSaulis simZime. tul pirovnebas ar daadgenen.
rac Seexeba sisxlis samarTlis procesis mizansmizans, am amerikis SeerTebul StatebSic federaluri normati-
sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT saproceso literaturaSi sxva- uli aqtebiT gaTvaliswinebulia sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze

26 27
obieqturi WeSmaritebis dadgena, igi, aseve mowonebulia $3. saproceso forma da misi
sxvadasxva Statebis umaRlesi sasamarTloebis mxridanac. mniSvneloba
magram dResdReobiT sisxlis samarTlis procesis mxareebi
ufro miiswrafvian miaRwion samSvidobo SeTanxmebas, saproceso forma _ sisxlis samarTlis procesis erT-
rogorc Cans sazogadoebis wevrebisaTvis ufro Rirebulia erTi fundamenturi kategoriaa. saproceso formis arse-
sazogadoebrivi keTildReoba, davebis, winaaRmdegobebis boba avaldebulebs sasamarTlos, mosamarTles, prokurors,
daZleva mSvidobiani gziT, vidre saqmeze dadgenil iqnes gamomZiebels sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan dakavSirebuli
obieqturi WeSmariteba. nebismieri saproceso moqmedeba Caataron sisxlis samarTlis
bolo periodSi rusul enaze gamocemul sisxlis sa- saproceso kanoniT winaswar dadgenili wesebisa da pirobe-
marTlis procesis saxelmZRvaneloebSi sisxlis samarTlis bis dacviT. aRniSnul moTxovnaTa Seusrulebloba Sefas-
procesis mizani da amocanebi gaigivebulia1. deba, rogorc kanonis darRveva, kanonis darRveviT Catare-
sisxlis samarTlis procesis amocanebze, mizanze, zemoT buli saproceso moqmedebebis Sedegebi ki ver iqnebian
mocemuli msjelobidan gamomdinare, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom iuridiuli Zalis matarebelni, e.i. ar gamodgebian mtkice-
Zalian didi principuli mniSvneloba ara aqvs sakiTxs, balebad. maSasadame, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom saproceso for-
sisxlis samarTlis procesis mizani da amocanebi gaigive- ma sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gamoZiebisa Tu sasamarT-
buli iqneba Tu cal-calke iqneba isini danaxuli (gaazre- loSi ganxilvis dros gvevlineba kanonierebis dacvis ga-
buli). miT umetes maSin, rodesac sisxlis samarTlis rantadac. im mimarTulebis mimcemad, rom Sesruldes
saproceso kanonmdeblobis amocanebis Sinaarsobrivi dat- sisxlis samarTlis procesis winaSe mdgari amocanebi da
virTva TiTqmis emTxveva sisxlis samarTlis procesis mi- dadgindes WeSmariteba sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze. aseve,
zans (sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgenas). saproceso forma Tavisi bunebiT qmnis safuZvels sisxlis
Cven mainc vfiqrobT, rom sisxlis samarTlis sapro- samarTlis procesSi monawile moqalaqeebis uflebebisa da
ceso kanonmdeblobis amocanebi is saSualebaa, romelTa kanonieri interesebis dasacavad.
meSveobiT mivdivarT sisxlis samarTlis procesis miznamde, saproceso formis maxasiaTebeli Tvisebebia: sayovel-
mizani ki konkretul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmar- Taoba, erTianoba, savaldebulooba.
itebis dadgenaa (ar daiyvaneba mxolod da mxolod dana- sayovelTaoba unda gavigoT ise, rom erTi da igive
Saulis an sxva marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis faqtobrivi kategoriis sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gamoZiebisa Tu
garemoebebis da misi Camdeni piris dadgenamde, ufro didi sasamarTloSi ganxilvis dros gamoiyeneba is erTiani
Sinaarsis mtvirTvelia). wesebi, romelic dadgenilia sisxlis samarTlis sapro-
ceso kanonmdeblobis mier. raginda martivadac Candes sisx-
1 Óãîëîâíûé ïðîöåññ, ïîä ðåä., Ê.Ô. Ãóöåíêî, Ì., 1998. ñ. 14. Óãîëîâíî- lis samarTlis saqme, Tu sisxlis samarTlis saproceso
ïðîöåññóàëüíîå ïðàâî Ðîññèéñêîé Ôåäåðàöèè, îòâ., ðåä., È. Ë. Ïåòðóõèí, kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesebi safuZvelas ar iZleva,
2-å èçäàíèå, Ì., 2006. ñ. 6-7.

28 29
sasamarTlo, mosamarTle, prokurori, gamomZiebeli ufle- amitom, SesaZlebeli rom gaxdes, Semowmdes ramdenad iyo
bamosilni ar arian Tavisi mixedulobis mixedviT moaxdinon daculi saproceso forma winasasamarTlo gamoZiebisa da
mocemuli saqmis gamoZiebis an sasamarTloSi ganxilvis sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis dros, da aqedan gamomdinare
Sekveca, gafarToeba. Semowmdes miRebuli saproceso Sedegebis sarwmunooba,
saproceso formis erTianoba gamyarebulia imiT, rom aucilebelia dafiqsirdes werilobiTi formiT, teqnikuri
saqarTvelos umaRlesi warmomadgenlobiTi organo-parla- saSualebebis gamoyenebiT gamoZiebis da sasamarTloSi saqmis
menti axorcielebs ra sakanonmdeblo xelisuflebas mTel ganxilvis mimdinareoba srulad.
teritoriaze, iRebs mocemul teritoriaze moqmed erTian e.i. SeiZleba davaskvnaT, rom saproceso formis Sinaar-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobas. siT aqcenti keTdeba sasamarTlos, prokuraturis da gamoZie-
saproceso formis savaldebulooba ki mdgomareobs bis organoebis, saproceso kanonmdeblobiT mowesrigebul
imaSi, rom zustad da mkacrad unda iqnes Sesrulebuli is saqmianobaze, romelic gansazRvrul CarCoebSia moqceuli
moTxovnebi, romelic dadgenilia saproceso formiT. Tuki da rac savaldebuloa dacul iqnes. ase magaliTad, saqarT-
moxdeba saproceso formis darRveviT saproceso aqtis velos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 23-e Tavi
Sedgena an gnebavT mtkicebulebis miReba, amas Sedegad eZRvneba winasasamarTlo gamoZiebas. sadac naTqvamia, rom
mohyveba uflebamosili piris mier aRniSnuli saproceso gamomZiebeli, prokurori valdebulni arian daiwyon wina-
aqtis gauqmeba, xolo mtkicebuleba miCneuli iqneba dauS- sasamarTlo gamoZieba danaSaulis Sesaxeb informaciis miRe-
vebel mtkicebulebad. bis SemTxvevaSi. Tu gamomZiebeli daiwyebs winasasamarTlo
Znelia warmosadgenad, miRweuli iqnes sisxlis samar- gamoZiebas, dauyovnebliv unda acnobos prokurors. saqarT-
Tlis procesis mizani (sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze dadg- velos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 36-e Tavi
indes WeSmariteba) Tu daculi ar iqna saproceso moqmede- eTmoba sagamoZiebo moqmedebebs da maTi Catarebis wesebs,
baTa Catarebisas saproceso forma. sisxlis samarTlis sadac miTiTebulia, ra moTxovnebis dacviT iqnes Catareb-
saproceso kanonmdeblobiT gansazRvruli wesebisa da pi- uli esa Tu is sagamoZiebo moqmedeba (dakiTxva iqneba es
robebis dacviT saproceso moqmedebaTa Catareba upirveles Tu Cxreka, amoReba, daTvaliereba, sagamoZiebo eqsperimenti
yovlisa xom, swored procesis monawileebis uflebebisa da a.S.). saproceso kanonmdebloba gansazRvravs pirisaTvis
da kanonieri interesebis dacvas emsaxureba. sisxlis sa- braldebis wardgenis wessa da formas, rom braldebis
marTlis saqmis moZraobis Sedegad miRebuli saproceso wardgenas win uZRvis prokuroris dadgenileba piris bral-
Sedegebi sarwmuno unda iyos ara mxolod da mxolod debulis saxiT pasuxisgebaSi micemis Sesaxeb (kanonmdeblo-
mosamarTlisaTvis, sasamarTlosaTvis, prokurorisaTvis, biT, sworadaa SeniSnuli, rom braldebis wardgenisaTvis
gamomZieblisaTvis, aramed yvela imaTTvisac vinc Cabmulia unda iyos Sekrebili mtkicebulebaTa da informaciaTa is
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi (mniSvneloba ara aqvs pro- erToblioba, romelic sakmarisia gonivruli eWvisaTvis-
cesis monawile dainteresebulia Tu ara saqmis SedegebiT). konkretulma pirma Caidina danaSauli) da a.S.

30 31
saproceso formis Sinaarsi moicavs erTobliobas im sa- mimarTulebiT warmarTos, rom, rogorc saproceso formis
marTlebrivi moTxovnebisa, romelic daculi unda iyos ama Sinaarsobrivi datvirTva, ise, nebismieri saproceso insti-
Tu im saproceso aqtis Sedgenisas. mxedvelobaSi gvaqvs tuti gamoxatavdes zrunvas adamianze (am mxriv, ra Tqma
calkeuli sagamoZiebo moqmedebebis amsaxveli oqmebis Sedgenis unda, didi roli unda iTamaSos qveyanaSi arsebulma poli-
wesi da forma, ganaCenis Sedgenis wesi da forma, saapelacio tikurma reJimma).
da sakasacio saCivrebis Sedgenis wesi da forma da a.S. zemoT arsebul msjelobas Tu davemyarebiT, SeiZleba
saproceso formis SinaarsSi Cadebuli samarTlebrivi davaskvnaT, rom saproceso forma aris sisxlis samarTlis
moTxovnebisadmi formaluri midgoma SeuTavsebelia sap- saproceso kanonmdeblobiT gansazRvruli im wesebisa da
roceso formis bunebisadmi. im wesebisa da pirobebis pirobebis erToblioba, romelic sisxlis samarTlis saqmis
Sesruleba, romelic moazrebulia saproceso formaSi, moZraobasTan dakavSirebiT Casatarebel saproceso moqmede-
niadags qmnis drois mcire monakveTSi miRweul iqnes bebs garkveul CarCoSi aqcevs.
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgena da mo- aRniSnuli ganmartebiT SevecadeT mokled, magram yov-
qalaqeTa uflebebis, kanonieri interesebis dacva. xolo lismomcvelad Camogveyalibebina saproceso formis cneba.
saproceso formiT gaTvaliswinebuli wesebisa da pirobe- saproceso literaturaSi gvxvdeba misi sxvadasxva ganmarte-
bis daucveloba, araTu WeSmaritebamde migviyvans konkre- bebic, magram Sinaarsobrivad ZiriTadad mainc Tanxvdebian1.
tul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze, aramed piriqiT, dagva-
Sorebs mas da gamoiwvevs moqalaqeTa uflebebis, kanonieri $4. saproceso garantiebis arsi
intresebis ignorirebas.
istoriam, Sav laqad Semounaxa Cvens sazogadoebas me-20 zogadad garantia raimes uzrunvelyofas niSnavs. sisx-
saukunis 30-iani wlebis movlenebi. rodesac saproceso lis samarTlis procesSi miRweuli rom iqnes mizani-Ti-
formis SinaarsSi uaryofiTad aisaxa qveynis imdroindeli Toeul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgena,
politikuri reJimi. Sekvecili saproceso forma politi- aucilebelia saproceso garantiebis arseboba. e.i. SeiZle-
kur danaSaulobebze, Cadenili e.w. `xalxis mtrebis~ mier, ba vTqvaT, rom sisxlis samarTlis procesSi saproceso
ganixileboda daxurul sasamarTlo sxdomebze, braldebuls garantiebi is saSualebaa, romelic uzrunvelyofs: a) sa-
ufleba ar hqonda yoloda damcveli, ganaCeni sisruleSi marTliani marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebasa da
mohyavdaT dauyovnebliv, ikrZaleboda Suamdgomloba Sewy- b) moqalaqeTa uflebebisa da kanonieri intresebis dacvas.
alebis Sesaxeb, `mtkicebulebaTa dedoflad~ iTvleboda
1 . Ì. Ñ. Ñòðîãîâè÷, Êóðñ ñîâåòñêîãî óãîëîâíîãî ïðîöåññà, Ì., ò.1.,
braldebulis mxridan bralis aRiareba, sxva mtkicebuleba 1968. ñ., 51; Êóðñ ñîâåòñêîãî óãîëîâíîãî ïðîöåññà, îáùàÿ ÷àñòü, ïîä ðåä.,
arc ki iyo saWiro. e.i. dakarguli iyo, rogorc sisxlis À. Ä. Áîéêîâà è È. È. Êàðïåöà, Ì., 1989. ñ. 121; Óãîëîâíûé ïðîöåññ, ïîä
samarTlis procesis mizani, ise adamianic. amitom sasurve- ðåä., Ê. Ô. Ãóöåíêî, Ì., 1998. ñ. 21. sisxlis samarTlis procesi, a. faliaS-
vilis redaqtorobiT, Tb., 2002 w. gv. 6; Óãîëîâíî-ïðîöåññóàëüíîå ïðàâî
lia sisxlis samarTlis procesis mecnierebam kvleva im Ðîññèéñêîé ôåäåðàöèè, îòâ., ðåä., È. Ë. Ïåòðóõèí. Ì., 2006. ñ. 7.

32 33
aRniSnuli mimarTebiT saproceso garantiebis bunebis gax- ganapirobeben (procesis monawiles Tu ar mieca sapro-
snas im daskvnamde mivyavarT, rom sisxlis samarTlis pro- ceso uflebebi, arc dadgeba sakiTxi am uflebebis re-
cesis nebismier institutSi Tu principSi unda davinaxoT alizebisa, Tu dacvis saSualebebis Sesaxeb), magram maTi
(moviazroT) saproceso garantia, ramdenadac yvela isini aseTi siaxlove sulac ar iZleva safuZvels, rom pro-
emsaxurebian samarTliani marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebas cesis monawileTa saproceso uflebebi da garantiebi
da moqalaqeTa uflebebis, kanonieri interesebis dacvas. gavaigivoT. saproceso uflebebi danaxuli unda iqnes,
sxva sityvebiT rom vTqvaT, sisxlis samarTlis pro- rogorc sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis
cesSi monawile moqalaqeebisaTvis saproceso garantiebi subieqtis uflebamosileba mosTxovos Sesabamis organoebs
aris maTi uflebebisa da kanonieri interesebis dacvis an sxva pirebs garkveuli moqmedebis Sesruleba an misi
saSualeba da imavdroulad saSualeba, yovelmxriv, srulad Sesrulebisagan Tavis Sekaveba, xolo saproceso garan-
da obieqturad iqnes sisxlis samarTlis saqme gamoZiebuli tiebi ki is saSualebaa, romelmac unda uzrunvelyos
da sasamarTlos mier gadawyvetili. sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis subieqtis
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi monawile moqalaqeebisaT- saproceso uflebebis realuri ganxorcieleba, maTi
vis dawesebuli saproceso garantiebis daucveloba migviy- dacva. msjeloba naTeli rom iyos moviyvanoT aseTi
vans samarTliani procesis xelyofamde, sisxlis samarTlis magaliTi. saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso
saqmis araswor, arasrulyofil, calmxriv gamoZiebamde da kodeqsis 76-e muxlSi gadmocemulia braldebulis ufle-
sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebamde. rac saboloo jamSi bebi. romelTa meSveobiTac mas SeuZlia daicvas Tavi
uaryofiTad warmoaCens mTeli saxelmwifo aparatis saqmi- wardgenili braldebisagan. es uflebebia: icodes romeli
anobas, SebRalavs iseT Rirebulebebs, rogoricaa demokra- danaSaulis CadenaSia braldebuli, iyolios damcveli,
tia da humanuroba. dumilisa da kiTxvebze pasuxis gacemisagan Tavis Sekave-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdebloba sisxlis bis ufleba, ar daibralos danaSauli da sxva. ra sapro-
samarTlis procesis monawiles, rogorc sisxlis sapro- ceso garantiebs iZleva kanonmdebeli braldebulis
ceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis subieqts aniWebs ufle- aRniSnuli uflebebis realurad ganxorcielebisaTvis.
bebs kanonieri interesebis dasacavad, magram mxolod maTi dacvisaTvis? aseTi saproceso garantiebis rigSi
uflebis miniWeba ar aris sakmarisi sakuTari interese- SeiZleba davasaxeloT uflebamosili piris (gamomZiebeli,
bis dasacavad. realurad, rom isargeblos procesis damkavebeli moxele) movaleoba-dakavebis momentSi an, Tu
monawilem Tavisi uflebebiT, warmarTos isini sakuTari dakaveba ar xdeba-braldebulad cnobisTanave dauyovnebliv,
Tavis dasacavad, saproceso kanoni adgens mTel rig sap- aseve nebismieri dakiTxvis win braldebuls acnobon mis-
roceso garantiebs. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom sisxlis samar- Tvis gasageb enaze saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kod-
Tlis procesis monawileTa saproceso uflebebsa da eqsiT gaTvaliswinebuli romeli danaSaulis CadenaSi
garantiebs Soris mWidro urTierTkavSiria, urTierTs arsebobs mis mimarT eWvi. braldebuls gadascen dakave-

34 35
bis oqmis an, Tu dakavebuli ar aris braldebulad cno- cieleba, gamomZiebeli, prokurori, sasamarTlo movaleni
bis dadgenilebis asli. aseve, braldebuls ganemartos, arian, piris dazaralebulad cnobisTanave mas ganumarton
Tuki igi airCevs dumilis uflebas mis realizebas am- uflebebi da aseve, dazaralebuls winaswar Seatyobinon
yarebs kanonmdeblis neba, rom dumilis ufleba ar Sei- saproceso moqmedebebis Catarebis adgili da dro. dazarale-
Zleba gamoyenebul iqnes braldebulis braleulobis bulma sakuTar uflebebSi garkveva da maTi dacva, rom
damadasturebel mtkicebulebad. braldebulma unda ganaxorcielos xarisxianad, kanonmdebeli mas warmomadgen-
icodes, rom dasmul kiTxvebze pasuxis gacemisagan Tavis lis yolis uflebasac aZlevs.
Sekavebis uflebiT sargebloba garantirebulia imiT, rom sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawileebis (mxedveloba-
pasuxis gacemaze uari ar SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnes mis Si gvyavs, rogorc braldebuli, dazaralebuli, aseve mow-
sawinaaRmdegod. braldebulis mxridan dacvis uflebis mec da procesis sxva monawileebic) uflebebis realurad
realurad ganxorcielebis garantiaa, misi SesaZlebloba ganxorcielebas emsaxureba iseTi saproceso institutebi,
Tavi daicvas damoukideblad an arCeuli damcvelis meS- rogoricaa: saCivari, Suamdgomloba, saproceso forma, TviT
veobiT, romlis Secvlis uflebac aqvs nebismier dros, sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis monawilis
xolo Tu is uqonelia, sakuTari interesebi daicvas movaleoba, aRniSnuli institutebi Tavisi Sinaarsobrivi
saxelmwifos xarjze daniSnuli damcvelis mier. bral- datvirTviT, xom procesis monawileebis uflebebis cxovre-
debulis dacvis uflebis realizebas ganamtkicebs kanon- baSi gatarebis saSualebebia da saboloo jamSi saproceso
mdeblis neba, rig SemTxvevebSi savaldebulo wesiT moxdes garantiebTan erTad sisxlis samarTlis procesis miznis-
braldebulis interesebis dacva. braldebulis dacvis sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgenis miRwevas
uflebas realurs, garantirebuls xdis kanonmdeblis emsaxurebian.
moTxovnac-gonivruli dro da saSualeba mieces bralde- amdenad, SeiZleba vTqvaT, rom: saproceso garantiebi
bulsa da mis damcvels dacvis momzadebisaTvis. aris sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanoniT dadgenili
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi, saSualebebi, romlebiTac uzrunvelyofilia samarTliani
dazaralebuls rogorc procesis monawiles, sakuTari in- marTlmsajulebisa da moqalaqeTa uflebebisa da kanonieri
tresebis dasacavad aseve aniWebs rig uflebebs: gamomZie- interesebis dacvis ganxorcieleba.
belTan an prokurorTan waradginos mtkicebulebebi, Suam-
dgomlobiT mimarTos prokurors mtkicebulebaTa gamoTxo-
vis, sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa Catarebis, garemoebaTa Semow-
mebisa da saqmesTan dakavSirebuli sxva sakiTxebis Seswav-
lis Taobaze da a.S. dazaralebulma, rom SeZlos sapro-
ceso kanoniT miniWebuli uflebebis realurad ganxor-

36 37
$5. saproceso funqciis arsi da saxeebi pasuxisgebaSi micemuli piris braleulobis Tu arabraleu-
lobis sakiTxi unda gadawyvitos sisxlis samarTlis saqmis
sisxlis samarTlis procesis mizani _ sisxlis samar- arsebiTi ganxilvis safuZvelze sasamarTlom.
Tlis saqmeze dadgenil iqnes WeSmariteba, dadgenil iqnes Cvens mier zemoT gadmocemul msjelobaSi, zogadad
danaSaulis Camdeni piris braleuloba da igi samarTlianad daxasiaTebulia sisxlis saproceso samarTlis saqmianobis
daisajos, dacul iqnes arabraleuli adamiani usafuZvlo ZiriTadi mimarTulebis arsi, romliTac faqtobrivad gax-
braldebisagan da ganxorcieldes moqalaqeebze aRmzrdelo- snilia sisxlis samarTlis saproceso funqciis buneba. rac
biTi zemoqmedebis moxdena, miRweul rom iqnes, saWiroa gvaZlevs SesaZleblobas vTqvaT, rom sisxlis samarTlis
momxdar faqtTan dakavSirebiT sisxlis samarTlis sapro- procesSi ikveTeba oTxi ZiriTadi funqcia: 1) gamoZiebis;
ceso kanonmdeblobiT gansazRvrulma Tanamdebobis pirebma, 2) braldebis; 3) dacvis da 4) sasamarTloSi sisxlis
daiwyon saproceso kanoniT miniWebuli uflebamosilebis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvisa da gadawyvetis funqcia1.
ganxorcieleba. kerZod, Caataron mTeli rigi sagamoZiebo amjerad TiToeuli maTgani mokled davaxasiaTod, ufro
moqmedebebi, raTa moipovon mtkicebulebebi, rom darwmund- vrclad da detalurad isini gadmocemuli iqneba wignis
nen saxeze arsebuli iuridiuli faqti namdvilad Sedegia Sesabamis TavebSi.
sisxlis samarTlis kanoniT akrZaluli marTlsawinaaRmdego 1) gamoZiebis funqcia. saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis
qmedebisa, da Tuki irwmunes yovelive aRniSnuli, daadginon saproceso kodeqsis 61-e muxlis mixedviT gamoZiebis fun-
piri, visac braldeba unda warudginon. qcias axorcieleben: saqarTvelos prokuraturis, saqarT-
rodesac dadgindeba piri, romelsac braldeba unda velos Sinagan saqmeTa saministros, saqarTvelos Tavdacvis
waredginos, e.i. ganxorcieldes misi misamarTiT sisxlis-
samarTlebrivi devna, Tavs iCens saproceso kanoniT miniWe-
1 sisxlis saproceso samarTlis literaturaSi saproceso funqciis
buli ufleba _ pirma Tavi daicvas wardgenili braldebi- sakiTxi araerTgvarovnadaa gadawyvetili, ase magaliTad, m.s. strogoviCi aRniS-
sagan, mtkicebulebaTa da sxvadasxva monacemebis moyvaniT navda, rom `sisxlis samarTlis procesSi arsebobs sami ZiriTadi funqcia: a)
uaryos wardgenili braldeba an Seimsubuqos pasuxismge- braldebis (sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis), b) dacvis da g) saqmis gadawyvetis
(Ñòðîãîâè÷ Ì.Ñ., êóðñ ñîâåòñêîãî óãîëîâíîãî ïðîöåññà, ò.1. 1968. ñ. 189);
bloba. rogorc winasasamarTlo gamoZiebis, ise sasamarT- xolo r. d. raxunovi ki anviTarebda mosazrebas eqvsi saproceso funqciis
loSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvis dros dadgenil arsebobis Sesaxeb: a) saqmis gamoZieba, b) braldeba, g) dacva, d) samoqalaqo
unda iqnes ara mxolod da mxolod is garemoebebi, rom- sarCelis wardgena, e) samoqalaqo sarCelisagan Tavis dacva da v) saqmis gad-
awyveta (Ðàõóíîâ Ð.Ä., Ó÷àñòíèêè óãîëîâíî-ïðîöåññóàëüíîé äåÿòåëüíîñòè
lebic adastureben piris braldebas an amZimeben mis pasux- ïî ñîâåòñêîìó ïðàâó, 1961, ñ. 47-48); analogiur mosazrebas iziarebda p.s.
ismgeblobas, aramed is garemoebebic, romlebic saubroben elkindi, im gansxvavebiT, rom samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgenas da misgan Tavis
dacvas miiCnevda araZiriTad funqciebad (Ýëüêèíä Ï.Ñ. Ñóùíîñòü ñîâåòñêîãî
braldebulis sasargeblod, emsaxurebian mis gamarTlebas óãîëîâíî-ïðîöåññóàëüíîãî ïðàâî, èçä-âî ËÃÓ, 1963. ñ. 59-66): `sisxlis sa-
an pasuxismgeblobis Semsubuqebas. marTlis procesis~ qarTul saxelmZRvaneloSi, romelic gamocemulia 2002
saboloo jamSi braldebulis saxiT sisxlis samarTlis wels, saproceso funqciis oTx saxezea (a)gamoZiebis (braldebis), b) dacvis,
g) saqmis ganxilvisa da gadawyvetis, d) zedamxedvelobis) saubari, gv. 10.

38 39
saministros, saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros, saqarT- vexebiT ra gamoZiebis funqcias, unda gvaxsovdes, rom
velos finansTa saministros, saqarTvelos garemos dacvi- winasasamarTlo gamoZiebis stadiaze ar wydeba da arc
sa da bunebrivi resursebis saministros sagamoZiebo dan- SeiZleba wydebodes braldebulis saxiT pasuxisgebaSi mice-
ayofebis gamomZieblebi. isini TavianTi komptenciis farg- muli piris braleulobis sakiTxi. braleulad braldebuli
lebSi valdebulni arian sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze Caa- (gansasjeli) SeiZleba cnos mxolod sasamarTlom da ara-
taron yovelmxrivi, sruli da obieqturi gamoZieba. gamo- viTar SemTxvevaSi arc gamomZiebelma da arc prokurorma.
avlinon danaSaulis Cadenis yvela garemoeba; miiRon e.i. gamoZiebis funqciis arsi mdgomareobs imaSi, rom
zomebi danaSaulis Sedegad miyenebuli zianis asanazRaure- gamomZiebelma sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze, obieqturi, mi-
blad da danaSaulis xelSemwyobi mizezebisa da pirobebis ukerZoebeli midgomiT Caataros sruli moculobiT saga-
gamosavlenad da aRmosafxvrelad. sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa moZiebo moqmedebebi, raTa am gziT mopovebuli mtkicebule-
Catarebis gziT moipovon mtkicebulebebi, riTac SeZleben bebiT daadginos, rogorc danaSaulis an sxva marTlsawi-
danaSaulis Camdeni yvela piris dadgenas. gamomZiebeli naaRmdego qmedebis faqtobrivi garemoebani, ise am qmede-
erTnairad dainteresebuli unda iyos piris mimarT Sekri- baTa Camdeni piric. rom Seqmnas pirobebi braldebisa da
bos, rogorc gamamtyunebeli, ise gamamarTlebeli mtkice- dacvis mxareebisaTvis sasamarTloSi sapaeqrod.
bulebebi, daadginos, rogorc pasuxismgeblobis damamZime- 2) braldebis funqcia. mas Semdeg, rac konkretul
beli, ise Semamsubuqebeli garemoebebi. gamomZiebelma Tavi- faqtTan dakavSirebiT gamomZiebeli qvemdebareobis mixedviT
si obieqturi, miukerZoebeli, saqmisadmi profesiuli Caatarebs sruli moculobiT sagamoZiebo moqmedebebs da
midgomiT, maqsimalurad Tanabari pirobebi unda Seuqmnas moipovebs mtkicebulebebs, romlebic misi varaudiT sakma-
braldebisa da dacvis mxares sasamarTloSi paeqrobisaTvis. risia pirisaTvis braldebis warsadgenad, sisxlis samarT-
gamomZiebels unda axsovdes, misi saqmianoba win uZRvis ra lis saqmes gadascems saproceso xelmZRvanelobis ganmax-
sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvas, didi orcielebel prokurors. prokurori Seiswavlis, amowmebs,
pasuxismgebloba akisria. Tu winasasamarTlo gamoZieba afasebs: a) sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi arsebul TiToeul
Catarebulia sworad da srulyofilad, mtkicebulebebic mtkicebulebas, saproceso normebis moTxovnaTa dacviTaa
akmayofilebs saproceso kanonis moTxovnebs, maSin sasa- Tu ara isini mopovebuli? mtkicebulebebiT marTlac dg-
marTloc SeZlebs samarTliani marTlmsajulebis ganxor- indeba qmedebis marTlsawinaaRmdego xasiaTi? saqmeSi arse-
cielebas da kanonieri, dasabuTebuli da samarTliani buli mtkicebulebebiT marTlac dgindeba marTlsawinaaRm-
ganaCenis gamotanas. xolo Tu sisxlis samarTlis saqme dego qmedebis Camdeni piri? saqmeSi arsebuli mtkicebule-
gamoZiebulia cudad, calmxrivad, arasrulyofilad, maSin bebi sakmarisia dasabuTebuli varaudisaTvis, rom pirma
sasamarTlos gauZneldeba araTu samarTliani marTlmsa- Caidina danaSauli da SeiZleba mas braldeba waredginos?
julebis ganxorcieleba, aramed saerTod sisxlis samarT- aris yvela is garemoeba dadgenili, romlebic gavlenas
lis saqmis ganxilva. axdens piris pasuxismgeblobis xasiaTsa da xarisxze, axa-

40 41
siaTebs mis pirovnebas? dadgenilia Tu ara danaSaulis kargeba prokurori, rogorc profesionali, romelic mxars
Sedegad miyenebuli zianis xasiaTi da odenoba? am da sxva uWers braldebas da misi, rogorc braldebis mxaris pa-
rig sakiTxebs, rom gadawyvets prokurori, mas gamoaqvs suxismgebloba. es pasuxismgebloba gadanawilebul iqneba
dadgenileba piris braldebulis saxiT pasuxisgebaSi mice- prokurorsa da gamomZiebels Soris (maSin, rodesac
mis Taobaze an gamomZiebels aZlevs Tanxmobas aseTi dadge- gamomZiebeli ar aris mxare). xolo gamomZiebeli, rogorc
nilebis gamotanis Taobaze (saqarTvelos sssk-is 282-e gamoZiebis fanqciis ganmaxorcielebeli Sesustdeba, xarve-
muxlis pirveli nawili). braldebis wardgenasac anxor- ziani gaxdeba da dakargavs faqtis gamoZiebasTan mimarTe-
cielebs prokurori an gamomZiebeli. gamomZiebeli pirisaT- baSi miukerZoeblobisa da obieqturobis Tvisebas (garda
vis braldebis wardgenis Sesaxeb dauyovnebliv acnobebs amisa, Seikveceba gamomZieblis profesionalad gazrdis
prokurors. kanonmdeblis es pozicia arasworad migvaCnia1, survili. is prokuroris miTiTebebs daelodeba).
ramdenadac Tu gamomZiebels, prokuroris TanxmobiT mieca mizanSewonilad migvaCnia, gamomZieblis funqciad darCes
SesaZlebloba gamoitanos dadgenileba piris braldebulis faqtTan dakavSirebiT gamoZieba, xolo prokuroris funqciad
saxiT pasuxisgebaSi micemis Sesaxeb, aseve braldebuls ki braldebis funqcia, sadac moazrebuli iqneba dadge-
warudginos braldeba, mas es ufleba tendenciurs, arao- nilebis gamotana piris braldebulis saxiT pasuxisgebaSi
bieqturs gaxdis. misi interesi mimarTuli iqneba iqiTken, micemis, braldebis wardgenisa da sabraldebo daskvnis Sed-
rom moipovos da Sekribos mxolod braldebis damadas- genis Sesaxeb. aseve, kanonmdebelma prokuroris movaleobad
turebeli mtkicebulebebi, misTvis miuRebeli gaxdeba unda aqcios braldebulis dakiTxva da ara SesaZleblobad
gawios garkveuli Sroma gamamarTlebeli an Semamsubuqebeli (uflebad), rogorc es gadawyvetilia moqmedi sisxlis sa-
garemoebebis dasadgenad, rac gamoZiebas calmxrivs da aras- marTlis saproceso kodeqsis 283-e muxlis pirveli nawil-
rulyofils gaxdis. daamkvidrebs maxinj sagamoZiebo praq- iT. braldebulis dakiTxva prokurors daexmareba ara mx-
tikas, romlis mixedviTac prokurori yovelTvis Seecdeba olod Seamowmos, Seafasos saqmeSi arsebuli mtkicebule-
ara mxolod daeTanxmos gamomZiebels piris braldebulis bebi, aramed Caswvdes TviTon braldebulis pirovnebas da
saxiT pasuxisgebaSi micemaze da braldebis wardgenaze, amiT Seiqmnas Sinagani rwmena, gaimyaros sakuTari pozicia,
aramed daavalos kidev sabraldebo daskvnis Sedgenac, mo- rogorc mxarem. yovelive zemoT Tqmulis gaTvaliswinebiT
tivad is gamoiyenos, rom sisxlis samarTlis saqmis masalebs Camoyalibdeba kontrolis didi meqanizmi adamianis ufle-
gamomZiebeli ufro icnobs, TviTon ki, rogorc prokurori baTa da kanonier interesTa dacvis sferoSi.
mxolod xels moawers sabraldebo daskvnas. amiT ki dai- maSasadame, unda iTqvas, rom braldebiTi funqcia,
1 r. gogSeliZe, rogori unda iyos gamoZiebis xvalindeli dRe? saiubi-
rogorc sisxlis saproceso samarTlis funqcia, upirveles
leo krebuli, miZRv., Tsu iur. fak. 80 wlis., `saxelmwifosa da samarTlis yovlisa kompetenturi Tanamdebobis piris, organos bral-
aqtualuri problemebi~, 2003 w. gv. 442-449: r. gogSeliZe, prokuraturis debiTi saqmianobaa, mimarTuli imisken, rom mxilebul iqnes
roli demokratiul sazogadoebaSi, J., `samarTali~, 2002 w. #9-10; gv.
71-75.
danaSaulis Camdeni piri. meores mxriv, braldebiTi funqcia

42 43
gulisxmobs saxelmwifo bralmdeblis saqmianobas sasamarT- daskvnis saxiT unda iTqvas, rom braldebiTi funqcia,
loSi rogorc mxarisa, romelic braldebis gamamyarebeli sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna xorcieldeba ra konkretuli
mtkicebulebebis moyvaniTa da maTi gamokvleviT cdilobs piris mimarT, iwyeba winasasamarTlo gamoZiebis stadiaze
daamtkicos gansasjelis braleuloba sisxlis samarTlis _ dadgenilebis gamotaniT piris braldebulis saxiT pa-
kanoniT akrZaluli marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis CadenaSi. suxisgebaSi micemis Taobaze (magram, ramdenadac dRes mo-
mesames mxriv, unda iTqvas, rom raki braldebiTi saqmi- qmedi sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi icnobs eWvmi-
anoba mimarTulia konkretuli piris danaSaulis CadenaSi tanilis instituts, sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna SeiZle-
mxilebisaken da misi msjavrdebisaken, igi uTanabrdeba (Tum- ba iTqvas iwyeba maSinac, rodesac piris dakaveba xdeba
caRa sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna ufro farTo Sinaarsis eWvmitanilis saxiT an dadgenileba gamoitaneba piris eWvmi-
matarebelia, vidre braldebis) sisxlissamarTlebrivi tanilad cnobis Sesaxeb da grZeldeba manamde vidre ar
devnis institutsac. aqedan gamomdinare ki, raki sisxlis- amoiwureba piris eWvmitanilad dakavebis vada da piri ar
samarTlebriv devnas saqarTvelos sssk-is 55-e muxlis gaTavisufldeba an vidre dadgenileba piris eWvmitanilad
mixedviT prokuratura axorcielebs, braldebiTi funqciis cnobis Taobaze ar gauqmdeba braldebis warudgenlobis
gamtarebelic mxolod da mxolod am organos Tanamdebobis gamo) da grZeldeba manamde, vidre sasamarTlo ar gamoitans
piri-prokurori unda iyos. gamamtyunebel ganaCens da es ganaCeni ar Seva kanonier
amrigad, sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna, rogorc sapro- ZalaSi. aseve, sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna konkretuli
ceso saqmianoba mimarTulia konkretuli piris _ bralde- piris mimarT mTavrdeba Tu sasamarTlo gamoitans gamama-
bulis mimarT1, romelsac braldeba danaSaulis Cadena. rTlebel ganaCens an kidev Sewydeba sisxlissamarTlebrivi
saproceso literaturaSi iyo sxva mosazrebac. zogierTi devna an/da winaswari gamoZieba.
swavluli iuristi miiCnevda, rom sisxlissamarTlebrivi vexebiT ra sisxlissamarTlebriv devnas, gverds ver
devna xorcieldeba ara konkretuli piris mimarT, aramed avuqcevT kanonmdeblis xedvas am institutTan dakavSirebiT
TviTon faqtis mimarTo2, rac arasworad unda miviCnioT. da verc mis saxeebs. romelsac aseve gvawodebs kanonmdebeli
TviTon sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis etimologiuri mniS- saqarTvelos moqmed sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kode-
vneloba gveubneba, rom devna xorcieldeba piris mimarT da qsSi (sssk-is 23-e muxli) da uyuradRebodac ar toveben
ara faqtisa. faqtTan dakavSirebiT gamoZieba iwyeba. saproceso literaturaSi.
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
1 S. fafiaSvili, sisxlis samarTlis saqmisa da sisxlissamarTlebrivi 44-e muxlis 431-e punqtis mixedviT sisxlissamarTlebri-
devnis aRZvris problema sisxlis samarTlis procesSi. Tb., 1999 w. gv. 24.
Ì. Ñ. Ñòðîãîâè÷, Êóðñ ñîâåòñêîãî óãîëîâíîãî ïðîöåññà, ò. 1. Ì., 1968. ñ.
vi devna _ es aris uflebamosili piris mier ganxorciele-
192-196. buli moqmedebaTa erToblioba, romlis mizania eWvmitanilis
2 Ì. À. ×åëüöîâ. Ñîâåòñêèé óãîëîâíûé ïðîöåññ, Ãîñþðèçäàò, 1951. ñ. an braldebulis mimarT sisxlis samarTlisa da sisxlis
88-89. Óãîëîâíî-ïðîöåññóàëüíîå ïðàâî Ðîññèéñêîé ôåäåðàöèè. îòâ. ðåä. È.
Ë. Ïåòðóõèí, Ì., 2006. ñ. 94.
samarTlis saproceso kanonebiT gaTvaliswinebuli Ronis-

44 45
Ziebis gamoyenebis uzrunvelyofa. aRniSnuli kodeqsis 23-e matarebeli subieqtia (saqarTvelos sssk-is 56-e muxli).
muxli iZleva sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis saxeebis rogorc kanonmdeblobidan Cans, igi sisxlissamarTlebrivi
CamonaTvalsac, esenia: sajaro, subsidiuri, kerZo-sajaro devnis ganxorcielebis uzrunvelsayofad winaswari gamoZie-
da kerZo1. davaxasiaToT TiToeuli maTgani. bis stadiaze axorcielebs saproceso xelmZRvanelobas da
a) sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna. sajaro sisxlis- Tavisi samarTlebrivi mdgomareobiT utoldeba komunisturi
samarTlebrivi devna xorcieldeba yvela kategoriis dana- periodis sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobiT
Saulze, mniSvneloba ara aqvs es iqneba gansakuTrebiT uflebamosil prokurors, romelic winaswari gamoZiebis
mZime, mZime Tu naklebad mZime kategoriis danaSauli. es stadiaze saprokuroro zedamxedvelobas axorcielebda.
gasagebicaa, ramdenadac saxelmwifo Tavis Tavze iRebs vfiqrobT, aseTi Zveli standartiT prokuroris uflebam-
valdebulebas daicvas danaSauliT dazaralebuli adami- osilebis SenarCuneba iwvevs gamoZiebisa da sisxlissamarT-
anebi an organizaciebi. saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis lebrivi devnis urTierTSi aRrevas da winaaRmdegobaSi
saproceso kodeqsis 24-e muxlis mixedviT sajaro sisx- mosvlas SejibrebiT sisxlis samarTlis procesTan (es
lissamarTlebrivi devnis ganmaxorcielebeli subieqtebi problema sainteresoa da sxva kuTxiT kvlevis sagani).
arian: prokurori da gamomZiebeli. isini miiReben Tu ara prokurori damoukideblad iwyebs gamoZiebas, aseve
informacias danaSaulis Cadenis Sesaxeb, yvela SemTx- damoukideblad gamoaqvs dadgenileba piris braldebulis
vevaSi valdebulni arian daiwyon gamoZieba. mniSvneloba saxiT sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis Sesaxeb;
ara aqvs iqneba Tu ara Setyobineba dazaralebulis, eWvmi- uflebamosilia monawileoba miiRos nebismieri saxis saga-
tanilis, braldebulis Tu sxva piris mxridan. Tu gamomZie- moZiebo moqmedebaTa CatarebaSi, TviTon awarmoos winaswari
beli damoukideblad daiwyebs gamoZiebas, dauyovnebliv gamoZieba sruli moculobiT da a.S. winaswari gamoZieba
acnobebs prokurors da unda miiRos misgan Tanxmoba. mas daasrulos sabraldebo daskvnis SedgeniT da asli gad-
Semdeg, rac gamomZiebeli moipovebs sakmaris mtkicebulebebs asces braldebuls.
da miiCnevs, rom safuZveli aqvs gamoitanos dadgenileba sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis dros winaswari
konkretuli piris braldebulis saxiT pasuxisgebaSi gamoZieba warimarTeba obieqturad, yovelmxriv da sruli
misacemad, valdebulia aseTi dadgenilebis gamosatanad moculobiT. sakmarisi da aucilebeli mtkicebulebebis
Tanxmoba miiRos prokurorisagan. Sekrebis mizniT tardeba yvela saWiro da aucilebeli
rac Seexeba prokurors, prokurori winaswari gamoZie- mtkicebulebebi.
bis stadiaze metad aqtiuri da farTo uflebamosilebis sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis ganxorcielebisas
1 zogierT literaturaSi asaxeleben sajaro-kerZo sisxlissamarTlebri-
misi mimdinareoba, rom usafuZvlod ar gaWianurdes da amiT
vi devnis saxesac, romelic iwyeba, rogorc sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi ar Seilaxos moqalaqeTa uflebebi da kanonieri inter-
devna, magram mTavrdeba mxareTa SerigebiT, ix. Óãîëîâíî-ïðîöåññóàëüíîå esebi, maTi dacvis mizniT kanonmdebelma Seqmna meqanizmebi.
ïðàâî Ðîññèéñêîé Ôåäåðàöèè. ó÷åáíèê 2-å èçä., îòâ ðåä., È. Ë. Ïåòðóõèí,
2006. ñ. 94-108.
erT-erT aseT meqanizms warmoadgens dazaralebulis, misi

46 47
warmomadgenlis, samoqalaqo mosarCeles, agreTve im piris biTi saxiT. miT umetes maSin, rodesac sasamarTloSi bral-
mier, romlis mimarTac xdeba mtkicebulebaTa Sekreba, sa- debis Secvlisas prokurori valdebulia sasamarTlos
Civris Setana zemdgom prokurorTan an gamoZiebis adgilis warudginos braldebis axali werilobiTi formulireba.
mixedviT raionul (saqalaqo) sasamarTloSi, im motiviT, TumcaRa isic sakamaToa, kanonmdebeli ratom avaldebulebs
rom saqmeSi aris sakmarisi mtkicebulebebi sisxlissamarT- prokurors braldebis Secvlis SemTxvevaSi warudginos
lebrivi devnis gansaxorcileblad, magram, ratomRac sasamarTlos axali werilobiTi formulireba? sasamarTlo
gamomZiebels prokuroris TanxmobiT an prokurors ar xom saqmes wyvets kanonis uzenaesobisa da Sinagani rwmenis
gamoaqvT dadgenileba piris braldebulad sisxlis samar- safuZvelze, Tuki, sasamarTloSi saqmis arsebiTi ganxil-
Tlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis Sesaxeb da iTxoven devnis visas, rogorc kanonmdebeli SeniSnavs sssk-is 446-e muxlis
dawyebas. mesame nawilSi, prokurors Camouyalibda rwmena, rom bral-
sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis ganxorcielebisas deba, romelsac igi mxars uWerda ar dasturdeba valde-
prokurori valdebulia Secvalos braldeba an uari Tqvas bulia Tqvas uari braldebaze (es imperatiuli moTxovnaa),
braldebaze nawilobriv an mTlianad Tu saqmeSi arsebuli maSin ratomRa unda iyos prokurori valdebuli sasamarT-
mtkicebulebebi ar adastureben braldebas. prokuroris los warudginos braldebis axali werilobiTi formuli-
aseTi gadawyvetileba savaldebuloa gamomZieblisaTvis. reba. gana aseTi mniSvnelovani unda iyos sasamarTlosaTvis
garda im SemTxvevisa, rodesac gamomZiebeli ar eTanxmeba braldebis mxaris pozicia? maSin ra vuyoT dacvis mxaris
prokurors braldebis moculobis, qmedebis kvalifikaciis pozicias?
sferoSi. aseT dros gamomZiebels ufleba aqvs Tavisi saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
mosazrebebi werilobiTi formiT da sisxlis samarTlis 24-e muxlis merve nawilis mixedviT Tu prokurori sasa-
saqme warudginos zemdgom prokurors, romelic auqmebs marTloSi uars ityvis braldebaze, sasamarTlo valdebulia
qvemdgomi prokuroris miTiTebebs an gamoZiebas avalebs Sewyvitos sisxlis samarTlis saqme an gamoitanos gamama-
sxva gamomZiebels. zemdgomi prokuroris gadawyvetileba rTlebeli ganaCeni (aRniSnuli muxlis nawilis srulyo-
sabolooa. Tu prokurori sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis filebisaTvis kargi iqneboda kanonmdebels yuradReba mieq-
saqmis ganxilvisas uars ityvis braldebaze an Secvlis cia sssk-is 446-e muxlisaTvis).
braldebas gansasjelis sasargeblod, aucilebelia zem- b) subsidiuri sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna. saqarT-
dgomi prokuroris Tanxmoba. magram, amasTan dakavSirebiT velos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 23-e muxli
kanonmdebeli ar azustebs, zemdgomi prokuroris es Tanx- sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis erT-erT saxed acxadebs sub-
moba werilobiTi formis iyos Tu zepiri. kanonmdeblis sidiur sisxlissamarTlebriv devnas. subsidiuri sisxlis-
nebidan gamomdinare orive forma misaRebi unda iyos, magram samarTlebrivi devna gvxvdeba mxolod da mxolod sasa-
yovelgvari mosalodneli gaugebrobis Tavidan acilebis marTloSi (aq igulisxmeba, rogorc pirveli instanciis
mizniT zemdgomi prokuroris Tanxmoba unda iyos werilo- sasamarTlo, ise saapelacio da sakasacio instanciis sasa-

48 49
marTloebi) sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvisas. ratom warmomadgenelma sasamarTloSi mxari dauWiros prokuro-
sasamarTloSi da ara winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze? das- ris mier formulirebul saxelmwifo braldebas, aramed am
mul kiTxvaze pasuxis gacemaSi dagvexmareba TviTon sityva saxeobis devnis bunebisaTvis isaa kidev damaxasiaTebeli,
`subsidiuris~ mniSvneloba da kanonmdeblis neba. sityva rom Tu prokurori uars ityvis braldebaze an Secvlis
`subsidiuri~ (subsidiarius) laTinuri warmoSobisaa da braldebas, dazaralebuls an mis warmomadgenels ufleba
qarTulad _ damxmares, damatebiTs niSnavs. sityvis es aqvs sasamarTloSi mxari dauWiros winandel braldebas.
mniSvneloba kanonmdebelma kargad miusadaga dazaralebulis, magram ara aqvT ufleba, gascdnen prokuroris mier for-
misi kanonieri warmomadgenlis uflebas da saqarTvelos mulirebul saxelmwifo braldebis farglebs. (e.i. dazarale-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 25-e muxlSi buli moklebulia SesaZleblobas, gansasjelis mimarT
ganacxada, rom dazaralebulsa da mis warmomadgenels wamowios axali braldeba, mas rCeba ufleba Secvalos
ufleba aqvT mxari dauWiron prokuroris mier formuli- braldeba gansasjelis sasargeblod). aseT SemTxvevaSi
rebul saxelmwifo braldebas. aseTi mxardaWera ki Sei- sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna ar wydeba, sasamarTlo ganagr-
Zleba gamovlindes, rogorc sajaro ise kerZo-sajaro Zobs sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvas, sadac ukve
sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis dros. dazaralebuli, misi bralmdeblis rangSi gvevlineba dazaralebuli an misi
kanonieri warmomadgeneli prokurorTan, saxelmwifo bralm- warmomadgeneli. prokurors ki ufleba aqvs aRar miiRos
debelTan erTad amtkicebs ra gansasjelis braleulobas, monawileoba saqmis ganxilvaSi, ramdenadac man ukve daafiq-
iTxovs mis dasjas, moqmedebs rogorc sajaro interesebis sira sakuTari pozicia.1
damcveli. meores mxriv, misi monawileoba sisxlis samar- subsidiuri sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna gamoyenebadi
Tlis saqmeSi emsaxureba sakuTari interesebis, uflebebis rom iyos sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxil-
dacvas, romelic dairRva danaSaulis Cadenis Sedegad. vis dros, mosamarTlem (sasamarTlom) sasamarTlo sxdomis
swored am dros, rodesac dazaralebuli (misi warmomad- mosamzadebel stadiaze dazaralebuls, mis kanonier war-
geneli) prokurorTan erTad ganaxorcielebs kanoniT mini- momadgenels uflebebisa da movaleobebis ganmartebis mi-
Webul uflebas _ icavs sakuTar interesebs, amtkicebs cemis dros, subsidiuri sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis
konkretuli piris braldebas, abaTilebs gansasjelisa da ganxorcielebasTan dakavSirebiT meti informacia unda
misi damcvelis poziciebs, sisxlis samarTlis procesSi
1 mas Semdeg, rac prokurori uars ityvis braldebaze an Secvlis bral-
igi ukve moqmedebs, rogorc subsidiuri bralmdebeli. debas, dazaralebuls, mis kanonier warmomadgenels ufleba mieces dauWiros
ramdenadac saxelmwifo braldeba xorcieldeba mxolod mxari winandel braldebas _ hyavs mowinaaRmdegeebi. argumentad is mohyavT,
rom ramdenadac dazaralebuls ara aqvs iuridiuli ganaTleba, mtkicebis
sasamarTloSi, subsidiuri sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna ver tvirTi gansasjelis braleulobis Sesaxeb gadava sasamarTloze; rom sasa-
gamovlindeba winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze. marTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvis gagrZelebis dros, dazarale-
subsidiuri sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna ara mxolod buli ixelmZRvanelebs ara iuridiuli normebiT, aramed SurisZiebis grZno-
biT, ganawyenebis grZnobiT.
imas gulisxmobs, rom dazaralebulma, misma kanonierma

50 51
miawodos. 137-e muxlis pirveli nawiliT) dazaralebulis saCivriT
g) kerZo-sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna. saqarT- daiwyo sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna. cnobili gaxda, rom
velos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 23-e muxlis dazaralebulma da braldebulma Seqmnes ojaxi, dazarale-
mixedviT, sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis erT-erTi saxea buli fexmZimedaa, e.i. Serigdnen. aseT SemTxvevaSi, gana
kerZo-sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna, romlis arsic logikuri iqneba da samarTliani gagrZeldes sisxlissa-
kanonmdebels gaxsnili aqvs sssk-is 26-e muxlSi. aRniS- marTlebrivi devna, romelic zianis mimyenebeli iqneba
nuli devnis Tavisebureba imaSi mdgomareobs, rom aq Seza- rogorc dazaralebulisaTvis, ise braldebulisaTvis? ra
vebulia erTmaneTSi sajaro da kerZo interesebi. kerZo- Tqma unda, ara, da igi unda Sewydes.
sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis kerZo interesi kerZo-sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis sajaro
ikveTeba imaSi, rom igi iwyeba mxolod dazaralebulis xasiaTi vlindeba imaSi, rom prokurors ufleba aqvs
saCivriT da ar wydeba braldebulTan dazaralebulis Ser- garkveul SemTxvevaSi daiwyos sisxlissamarTlebrivi
igebiT. TumcaRa gamonaklisi saxiT, garkveul SemTxvevaSi devna saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
kanonmdebeli uSvebs kerZo-sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi 26-e muxlis pirveli nawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli danaSau-
devnis ganxorcielebis dros braldebulTan dazaralebulis lobebidan, romelimes saxeze arsebobisas, maSinac ki, rode-
Serigebasac (rac, vfiqrobT kargad warmoaCens aRniSnuli sac ar arsebobs dazaralebulis saCivari. kerZod ki maSin,
devnis kerZo bunebas). es is SemTxvevaa, rodesac sisxlis- roca saqmes aqvs gansakuTrebuli sazogadoebrivi mniS-
samarTlebrivi devnis gagrZelebam SeiZleba ziani miayenos vneloba da imavdroulad dazaralebuls umweo mdgomareo-
rogorc dazaralebuls, ise braldebuls. magaliTad, Svilad bis an braldebulze damokidebulebis gamo ar SeuZlia
ayvanis saidumloeba gaamJRavna ojaxis wevrma (vTqvaT be- daicvas Tavisi uflebebi da kanonieri interesebi. oRond
biam), dazaralebulma emociebze dayrdnobiT, Sesabamis im pirobiT, rom qmedunarian dazaralebuls prokurori-
organoSi Seitana saCivari, daiwyo sisxlissamarTlebrivi saTvis aqvs micemuli werilobiTi Tanxmoba sisxlissamarT-
devna, magram misma gagrZelebam SeiZleba ziani miayenos lebrivi devnis ganxorcielebis Taobaze. naTqvamidan gamom-
rogorc dazaralebuls, ise braldebuls. kerZod ki, Seiqm- dinareobs, rom Tu dazaralebuli qmeduunaro iqneba, aseT
nas konfliqturi viTareba, dapirispireba ojaxis wevrebs SemTxvevaSi prokurorma sakuTari iniciativiT unda ganax-
Soris da saqme mivides col-qmris ganqorwinebamdec, ufro orcielos sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna.
metad daziandes Svilad ayvanilis interesebi. aseT SemTx- yuradReba misaqcevia saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis
vevaSi sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis gagrZeleba zianis saproceso kodeqsis 26-e muxlis meore nawilSi naTqvami
mimyenebeli iqneba, rogorc dazaralebulisaTvis, ise bral- sityvebi: `saqmis gansakuTrebuli sazogadoebrivi mniS-
debulisaTvis, amitom igi unda Sewydes. an aviRoT aseTi vneloba~. vin unda Seafasos `saqme aris Tu ara gansa-
martivi magaliTi: gaupatiurebis faqtze (mxedvelobaSia, kuTrebuli sazogadoebrivi mniSvnelobis? gamoTqmulia
danaSauli gaTvaliswinebuli sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis mosazreba, rom `konkretul~ SemTxvevaSi es Sefaseba mien-

52 53
dos procesis mwarmoebel organos, Tanamdebobis pirs~.1 saxelmwifo organosadmi. saCivriT mimarTva Tanxmobasac
migvaCnia, aseT zogad, lozungis magvar ganacxads: `saqmis niSnavs da imasac, rom dazaralebulma aitanos yvela is
gansakuTrebuli sazogadoebrivi mniSvneloba~, bundovanebis, uaryofiTi gancda (mxedvelobaSi gvaqvs Cvenebis micema
orWofobis, marCielobis meti araferi Seaqvs normaSi, momxdar faqtTan dakavSirebiT, Sexvedra misTvis arasasur-
amitom is, saerTod amoRebuli unda iyos normidan. kanon- vel pirovnebasTan, sasamarTlo-samedicino eqspertiza da
mdebelma Tavi unda aaridos aseTi zogadi frazebis nor- a.S.), rac mohyveba saxelmwifos mxridan mis intimur sfe-
maSi gamoyenebas. oSi Carevas.
kerZo-sajaro sisxlissamarTlebriv devnas mikuTvnebu- b) adamianis konstituciuri uflebebisa da Tavisufle-
li danaSaulebi gvxvdeba saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis bebis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli zogierTi danaSaulebi. esenia:
kodeqsis, rogorc adamianis winaaRmdeg mimarTul dana- sityvis Tavisuflebis xelyofa (saqarTvelos sisxlis sa-
SaulTa karSi, aseve ekonomikuri danaSaulis karSi. marTlis kodeqsis 153-e muxli); piradi an ojaxuri said-
adamianis winaaRmdeg mimarTul danaSaulTa karSi, umlos xelyofa (saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis
kerZo-sajaro sisxlissamarTlebriv devnas daqvemdebarebul 157-e muxli); informaciis gacnobaze uaris Tqma an aras-
danaSaulTa ricxvSi moiazreba: a) sqesobrivi Tavisufleb- wori informaciis wardgena (saqarTvelos sisxlis samar-
isa da xelSeuxeblobis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli zogierTi Tlis kodeqsis 167-e muxli).1 ramdenadac CamoTvlili
danaSaulebi. esenia: gaupatiureba (saqarTvelos sisxlis danaSaulebi xelyofen konkretuli adamianis konstituci-
samarTlis kodeqsis 137-e muxlis pirveli nawili); seq- ur uflebebsa da Tavisuflebebs, sisxlissamarTlebrivi
sualuri xasiaTis ZalmomreobiTi moqmedeba (saqarTvelos devnis dawyebis mizanSewonilobis Sesaxeb gadawyvetileba
sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 138-e muxlis pirveli nawili); unda miiRos uSualod im pirovnebam, visac aseTi ziani
sqesobrivi kavSiris an seqsualuri xasiaTis sxvagvari mo- miadga. Tu pirovnebam saCivriT ar mimarTa samarTaldamcav
qmedebis iZuleba (saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kodeq- organoebs, maT gauWirdebaT imis gadawyveta Tu visi ufle-
sis 139-e muxli). CamoTvlil danaSaulTa sferoSi bebi, romeli uflebebi Tu Tavisuflebebi dairRva, vis mier
dazaralebulis saCivris aucilebloba ganpirobebulia xe- dairRva.
lyofis obieqtis TaviseburebiT. saqme imaSia, rom pirovne- g) ojaxisa da arasrulwlovnis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli
bis sqesobrivi Tavisufleba da xelSeuxebloba metad in- zogierTi danaSauli. magaliTad: Svilad ayvanis saidum-
timuri sferoa da masSi saxelmwifo, rom Caerios dazarale-
bulis neba unda iyos gamovlenili. dazaralebulis aseTi 1 kanonmdebels SeeZlo gaefarToebina adamianis konstituciuri uflebe-
bisa da Tavisuflebebis winaaRmdeg mimarTul danaSaulTa wre, romlebzedac
nebis gamovlenad iTvleba momxdari faqtis Sesaxeb, misi gavrceldeboda kerZo-sajaro sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna (magaliTad, iseTi
saCivriT mimarTva kompetenturi Tanamdebobis pirisadmi, danaSaulebiT, rogoricaa: adgilsamyofelis Tavisuflad arCevis uflebis xe-
lyofa (ssk-is 152-e muxli); piradi mimoweris, telefoniT saubris an sxvagvari
1 z. meiSvili, o. jorbenaZe, saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso xerxiT Setyobinebis saidumloebis darRveva (ssk-is 159-e muxli); binis an sxva
kodeqsis komentarebi, Tb., 2007 w., gv. 90. mflobelobis xelSeuxeblobis darRveva (ssk-is 160-e muxli) da a.S.

54 55
loebis gamJRavneba (saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kod- kerZo sisxlissamarTlebriv devnas mTeli rigi speci-
eqsis 175-e muxli). aRniSnuli danaSauli, ramdenadac xe- fikuri niSnebi axasiaTebs: a) igi iwyeba mxolod da mxolod
lyofs mSoblisa da bavSvis uflebebsa da kanonier inter- dazaralebulis saCivris safuZvelze; b) dasaSvebia
esebs, savaldebuloa iyos dazaralebulis saCivari, raTa dazaralebulis braldebulTan Serigeba; g) Serigeba unda
Sesabamis saxelmwifo organoebs gauadvildeT dazaralebu- moxdes mosamarTlis (sasamarTlos, aq igulisxmeba saapel-
lis interesebis dacva. acio da sakasacio instanciac) saTaTbiro oTaxSi gasvlamde;
rac Seexeba ekonomikuri danaSaulis karSi moqceul d) mxareebi Serigebis SemTxvevaSi unda morigdnen sasa-
danaSaulebs, kanonmdebelma iqidan kerZo-sajaro sisxlis- marTlo xarxjebis anazRaurebazec, Tu isini amis Taobaze
samarTlebriv devnas miakuTvna: saavtoro, momijnave ufleb- ver morigdebian, maSin maT sasamarTlo gadaunawilebs xar-
is mflobelisa da monacemTa bazis damamzadeblis uflebis jebs; e) dazaralebulis braldebulTan (gansasjelTan)
xelyofa (gaTvaliswinebuli saqarTvelos sisxlis samar- Serigeba ar daiSveba Tu kerZo braldebis saqmeSi Caeba
Tlis kodeqsis 189-e muxliT) da samrewvelo sakuTrebis prokurori; v) prokurori uflebamosilia Caebas kerZo
uflebis xelyofa (sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 1891-e braldebis saqmeSi Tu: 1) amas werilobiT iTxoven mxa-
muxli). Tu vixelmZRvanelebT saqarTvelos sisxlis samar- reebi; 2) amas werilobiT iTxovs mxolod dazaralebuli
Tlis kanonmdeblobiT, orive danaSaulis arsebobis SemTx- an misi kanonieri warmomadgeneli; 3) saqmes gansakuTrebu-
vevaSi xelyofilia konkretuli pirovnebis saavtoro- li sazogadoebrivi mniSvneloba aqvs; 4) amas moiTxovs
SemoqmedebiTi ufleba. daculi, rom iqnes piris saavtoro saxelmwifo interesebi; 5) amas moiTxovs sazogadoebrivi
uflebebi da kanonieri interesebi, TviTon pirovnebas unda i n t e r e s e b i ;
miaCndes, rom dairRva misi saavtoro _ SemoqmedebiTi 6) amas moiTxovs moqalaqeebis uflebebis dacva; z) kerZo
uflebebi, da Sesabamis saxelmwifo organoSi saCivris braldebis saqmeze mxareebs ufleba aqvT erTmaneTs war-
SetaniT unda iTxovdes uflebebSi aRdgenas, kanonieri in- udginon braldebebi da Tuki safuZveli iqneba mosamarTle
teresebis dacvas. amitom kanonmdeblis nebis gamoxatva, Tavisi dadgenilebiT dazaralebuls cnobs braldebuladac,
CamoTvlili danaSaulebi iyos kerZo-sajaro sisxlissa- xolo braldebuls _ dazaralebuladac.
marTlebrivi devnis sfero logikuria. kanonmdebelma kerZo sisxlissamarTlebriv devnas dau-
d) kerZo sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna. kerZo sisxlis- qvemdebara ori saxis danaSauli: janmrTelobis ganzrax
samarTlebrivi devnis Tavisebureba imaSi gamoixateba, rom msubuqi dazianeba (saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kod-
misi dawyebac da Sewyvetac damokidebulia mxolod eqsis 120-e muxli) da cema (sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis
dazaralebulis nebis gamovlenaze, e.i. wina planzea wamoweu- 125-e muxli).
li kerZo interesebi. swored dazaralebuli gvevlineba kerZo braldebis sisxlis samarTalwarmoeba bevr rame-
sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis ganmaxorcielebel subieqtad, Si emsgavseba samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoebas. Tu sajaro
kerZo bralmdeblad. sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis dros davis erT-erTi mxare

56 57
yovelTvis saxelmwifoa, da icavs sajaro interesebs, mizniT. sasamarTlom mxareebs unda Seuqmnas Tanaswori
kerZo sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis dros orive mxare pirobebi paeqrobisaTvis, man obieqturad da miukerZoeblad
Tanasworobis sawyisze icavs mxolod Tavis sakuTar in- unda ganixilos da gadawyvitos, rogorc kerZo bralmde-
teresebs. kerZo bralmdebeli ar flobs saxelmwifo ad- blis, ise gansasjelis mier aRZruli Suamdgomlobebi.
ministrirebas, ara aqvs ufleba Caataros sagamoZiebo moq- sasurveli iqneba, Tu kerZo braldebis saqmeTa gadawyvetis
medebebi, mimarTos sisxlis saproceso samarTlebriv dros mosamarTle (sasamarTlo) modave mxareebs Soris
iZulebas. marTalia, prokuroris kerZo braldebis saqmeSi arsebul davas morigebiT daasrulebs da amiT, SeunarCu-
CabmiT irRveva kerZo sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis arsi nebs maT keTil-adamianur ganwyobas urTierTis misamar-
(amasTan dakavSirebiT srulyofas saWiroeben da Sinaarso- TiT.
briv Sesabamisobasac (mxedvelobaSi gvaqvs kerZo bralde- SevexeT ra, mokled, sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis Ti-
bis saqmeSi prokuroris Cabmis safuZvlebi) saqarTvelos Toeul saxes, maTi arsidan gamomdinare migvaCnia, rom
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 27-e da 634-e gamarTleba eqneba Tuki sisxlis samarTlis saproceso
muxlebi), magram prioritetad mainc kerZo interesi unda kanonmdeblobaSi damkvidrdeba sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis
darCes. ori saxe: sajaro da kerZo. es ori saxe srulyofilad
kerZo braldebis saqmeebze miiRos gadawyvetileba, aseT xsnis sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis bunebas.
uflebamosil subieqtad gvevlineba mxolod sasamarTlo. 3) dacvis funqcia. saqarTvelos konstituciis me-18
dazaralebulma saCivari werilobiTi formiT da xelmow- muxlis mixedviT adamianis Tavisufleba xelSeuvalia. ara-
eriT unda Seitanos danaSaulis adgilis mixedviT raionul vis ara aqvs imis ufleba adamians aRukveTos Tavisufleba
(saqalaqo) sasamarTloSi. saCivarSi dazaralebuli unda an sxvagvarad SeuzRudos piradi Tavisufleba sasamarTlos
aRwerdes danaSaulis faqts, mohyavdes cnobebi danaSaulis gadawyvetilebis an kanoniT gansazRvruli SemTxvevebis
Camdeni pirisa da danaSaulis Sesaxeb, gadmoscemdes mt- gareSe. magram, Tu moxda aRniSnuli wesebis dacviT piris
kicebulebaTa CamonaTvalsa da Txovnas, rom mosamarTlem dakaveba an dapatimreba, mas unda ganemartos dakavebis an
ganixilos saqme. Tu mosamarTle saqmes miiRebs warmoebaSi, dapatimrebisTanave Tavisuflebis SezRudvis safuZveli da
braldebis mtkicebis tvirTi awevs dazaralebuls anu misi uflebebi, maT Soris ufleba moiTxovos damcvelis
kerZo bralmdebels. dazaralebuls ufleba aqvs hyavdes daxmareba, romelic unda dakmayofildes. e.i. SeiZleba iTq-
advokati, romelic sasamarTlo procesSi monawileobas vas, rogorc ki moxdeba piris dakaveba eWvmitanilis saxiT
miiRebs, rogorc misi kanonieri warmomadgeneli. dazarale- (an dadgenilebiT iqneba cnobili eWvmitanilad) an pirs
buls, mis kanonier warmomadgenels (kerZo braldebis mx- waredgineba braldeba, mas ufleba aqvs daicvas Tavi arse-
are), iseve, rogorc gansasjels ufleba aqvT sakuTari buli eWvisagan an wardgenili braldebisagan yvela kanon-
interesebis dacvis mizniT, mosamarTlis (sasamarTlos) ieri saSualebiTa da meTodiT, an uSualod TviTon an
winaSe dasvan Suamdgomlobebi mtkicebulebaTa mopovebis mowveuli damcvelis meSveobiT. zemoT mocemuli ganmarte-

58 59
bebidan imis Tqma gvinda, rom konkretuli piris mimarT braldebulis (gansasjelis, msjavrdebulis) uflebebis,
sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis dawyeba avtomaturad warmo- kanonieri interesebis dasacavad damcvelis monawileoba
Sobs dacvis meqanizms. Tu ar aris konkretuli piris mimarT sisxlis samarTlis procesSi. damcveli sisxlis samarTlis
eWvi an braldeba, ar arsebobs sakuTari uflebebisa da saqmeSi SeiZleba Caebas SeTanxmebiT, daniSvniT an savalde-
kanonieri interesebis dacvis moTxovnac, xolo, Tu gaCnda bulo wesiT.1 sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdebloba
safuZveli eWvisaTvis, rom pirma Caidina danaSauli an damcvels aRWuravs farTo uflebamosilebiT. igi uflebam-
waredgina pirs braldeba, dauyovnebliv aRmocendeba dacvis osilia Sekribos dacvisaTvis saWiro monacemebi da isini
aucileblobac. dacva Tanmdevia konkretuli piris mimarT mtkicebulebaTa saxiT warudginos procesis mwarmoebel
sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis ganxorcielebisa. dacva aris organos; monawileoba miiRos eWvmitanilisa Tu braldebulis
swored is saproceso funqcia, romlis meSveobiTac eWvmi- monawileobiT an dacvis SuamdgomlobiT Catarebul saga-
tanili, braldebuli, gansasjeli, msjavrdebuli uflebam- moZiebo moqmedebaSi, dausvas SekiTxvebi dasakiTxs, moiTxovos
osilni arian realizacia gaukeTon kanoniT miniWebul oqmSi im monacemebis Setana, romlebic uaryofs braldebas
dacvis uflebas. an amsubuqebs eWvmitanilisa Tu braldebulis (gansasjelis)
dacva, rogorc saproceso funqcia, upirveles yovlisa pasuxismgeblobas da sxva. e.i. yvela kanonieri saSualeba da
gulisxmobs TviTon eWvmitanilis, braldebulis (gansasje- xerxi unda gamoiyenos im garemoebebis gamosavlenad, romlebic
lis) aqtiur moqmedebas sakuTari uflebebisa da kanonieri amarTleben eWvmitanils an braldebuls (gansasjels,
interesebis dasacavad. am aqtiurobaSi unda vigulisxmoT msjavrdebuls), anda amsubuqeben mis pasuxismgeblobas, da
kanonmdeblis mier miniWebuli saproceso uflebebis efeq- unda gauwios mas saWiro iuridiuli daxmareba.
turad gamoyeneba. ase magaliTad, dumilis uflebis Senar- amgvarad, dacva gulisxmobs TviTon eWvmitanilis an
Cuneba, riTac faqtobrivad piri uaryofs kanonsawinaaRmdego braldebulis (gansasjelis, msjavrdebulis) da misi dam-
qmedebaSi monawileobas; an gnebavT Cvenebis micema, riTac cvelis erTobliv saqmianobas.
piri uaryofs Semxeblobas momxdar faqtTan mimarTebaSi an maSasadame, dacva sisxlis samarTlis procesSi _ esaa
mohyavs garemoebebi, romliTac cdilobs gaabaTilos mis im saproceso moqmedebaTa erToblioba, romelic mimarTulia
mimarT arsebuli eWvi an wardgenili braldeba; mtkiceb- imisaken, rom kanonieri saSualebisa da xerxis gamoyenebiT
ulebebis warmodgena eWvis, braldebis gasaqarwyleblad, gamovlenil iqnes eWvmitanilis an braldebulis (gansasje-
gnebavT samarTlebrivi mdgomareobis gasaumjobeseblad; lis, msjavrdebulis), rogorc gamamarTlebeli, ise pasux-
Suamdgomlobis gancxadeba ama Tu im sagamoZiebo moqmede- ismgeblobis Semamsubuqebeli garemoebani.
bis Casatareblad da a.S. es yvelaferi xom eWvmitanilis, 4) sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxil-
braldebulis (gansasjelis) uflebebis, kanonieri inter-
esebis dacvas emsaxureba. 1 saqarTvelos sssk-is 81-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebulia dacvis erT-erT
saxed `iZulebiTi dacva~, ufro swori da Sinaarsobrivad gamarTuli iqneba
maRali samarTlebrivi doniT gamoirCeva eWvmitanilis, mas ewodos `savaldebulo dacva~.

60 61
visa da gadawyvetis funqcia. saqarTveloSi mimdinare ba da gamoitanos kanonieri, dasabuTebuli da samarTliani
demokratiuli procesebis monapovaria is, rom dRes, sisx- ganaCeni.
lis samarTlis procesi SejibrebiTia. gamijnulia urTier- amdenad, gamoZiebis, braldebis, dacvisa da sasamarT-
Tisagan braldebis, dacvisa da sasamarTloSi sisxlis sa- loSi saqmis ganxilvisa da gadawyvetis funqciaTa Sexamebam
marTlis saqmis ganxilvisa da gadawyvetis funqcia
funqcia. bral- unda uzrunvelyos sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmarite-
debisa da dacvis funqciaTa bunebis yvelaze ufro sru- bis dadgena, danaSaulis Camdeni piris msjavrdeba, ar-
lyofili gamovlena gvxvdeba sasamarTloSi sisxlis samar- abraleuli piris dacva dausabuTebeli braldebisagan.
Tlis saqmeTa ganxilvisa da gadawyvetis dros. sadac sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvisa da gadawyvetis
braldebisa da dacvis mxareebs sruli Tanasworobis sa- saproceso funqcia ekuTvnis mxolod sasamarTlos. igi aris
fuZvelze ufleba aqvT warmoadginon mtkicebulebani, uflebamosili arsebiTad ganixilos da gadawyvitos saqme
monawileoba miiRon maT gamokvlevaSi, ganacxadon Suamdgom- da gamoitanos gamamtyunebeli an gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni.
loba da acileba, gamoTqvan sakuTari azri sisxlis samar- raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlo sisxlis samarTlis
Tlis saqmis nebismier sakiTxze. saqmeebs ganixilavs pirveli instanciis wesiT. q. Tbili-
SejibrebiTobis principze agebuli mxareTa paeqroba sisa da q. quTaisis saapelacio sasamarTloebis sisxlis
sajaroa, uSualo, zepiri, braldebis mxare Sekrebili mt- samarTlis saqmeTa palatebi ki ganixilaven saapelacio
kicebulebebiT sajarod cdilobs gansasjelis braleulo- saCivars, Setanils raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos gan-
bis damtkicebas, xolo dacvis mxare (gansasjeli), aseve aCensa da sxva Semajamebel sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebaze.
sajarod cdilobs daicvas Tavi braldebisagan. saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos sisxlis samarTlis
mosamarTle (sasamarTlo) mxareebs Tanaswor pirobebs saqmeTa palata ganixilavs sakasacio saCivars, Setanils
uqmnis mtkicebulebaTa warmosadgenad, qmnis safuZvels saapelacio sasamarTlos mier gamotanil ganaCenze, ganCine-
saqmis garemoebaTa yovelmxrivi, obieqturi da srulyo- basa da sxva Semajamebel sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebaze.
fili gamokvlevisaTvis. erTnairi gulmodginebiT arkvevs agreTve ganixilavs saCivrebsa da wardginebebs sisxlis
gansasjelis rogorc mamxilebel, ise gamamarTlebel, samarTlis saqmeebze saqarTvelos saerTo sasamarTloebis
agreTve pasuxismgeblobis damamZimebel da Semamsubuqebel mier gamotanili da kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli ganaCenis,
garemoebebs. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom mosamarTle (sasamarTlo) ganCinebisa da sxva Semajamebeli sasamarTlo gadawyvetileb-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze is gadasinjvis Sesaxeb axlad aRmoCenil da axlad gamov-
Sekrebil mtkicebulebebs ki ar emyareba, aramed uSualod lenil garemoebaTa gamo.
axdens pirvelwyarodan mtkicebulebaTa miRebas, gamokvl- sasamarTlo instanciebSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis
evas da Sefasebas. mtkicebulebaTa aseTi safuZvliani Ses- ganxilva da gadawyveta warmoebs erTpirovnulad an kole-
wavliTa da SefasebiT mosamarTlem (sasamarTlom) unda giurad. marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis dros mosamarTle
SeinarCunos obieqturoba, miukerZoebloba, damoukideblo- damoukidebelia, igi xelmZRvanelobs mxolod kanoniT da

62 63
Sinagani rwmeniT. aravis ara aqvs ufleba zegavlena moax- leobebiT; gansazRvruli saproceso moqmedebebi; gadasaw-
dinos mosamarTleze da miuTiTos, rogor gadawyvitos yveti amocanebi; safexuris, stadiis dasruleba Semajamebeli
gansaxilveli saqme. saproceso dokumentiT.
daskvnis saxiT SeiZleba iTqvas, rom: sasamarTloSi TiToeuli sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZraobas aRniS-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilva da gadawyveta, rogorc nuli safexurebis, stadiebis mixedviT, gamarTleba moeZeb-
saproceso funqcia gulisxmobs braldebisa da dacvis mxaris neba. ramdenadac saboloo jamSi emsaxureba imas, rom dacul
mier warmodgenil mtkicebulebaTa uSualo gamokvlevasa da iqnes TiToeuli moqalaqis uflebebi da Tavisuflebebi da
Sefasebas, da amis safuZvelze gansasjelis braleulobisa ar moxdes arabraleuli piris msjavrdeba. stadiaTa aseTi
da pasuxismgeblobis Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebis miRebas. arseboba sisxlis samarTlis procesSi, qmnis Tavisebur
garantias imisa, rom ar dairRves procesis monawileTa
kanoniT miniWebuli uflebebi, Tavisuflebebi, kanonieri
$6. sisxlis samarTlis procesis interesebi da Tuki aseTi ram moxda romelime stadiaze,
stadiebi igi aucileblad gamovlindeba mis momdevno, Semdeg stadi-
aze da daeqvemdebareba gamosworebas. ase, rom aRniSnuli
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZraoba metad rTulia da
stadiebi, erTmaneTs mxolod maSin Caenacvlebian, rodesac
garkveul kanonzomierebas eqvemdebareba. igi moqceulia
gadaWrian konkretul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze maT winaSe
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis CarCoebSi da mis
mdgar amocanebs, xolo momdevno stadia mis winaSe mdgari
farglebSi moZraobs. saqarTvelos moqmed sisxlis samar-
amocanebiT Tavis mxriv makontrolebeli etapicaa winamde-
Tlis saproceso kodeqss Tu davefuZnebiT, sisxlis samar-
bare stadiisa da safuZvelic sisxlis samarTlis saqmis
Tlis saqmis moZraoba, winsvla, pirobiTad ramdenime
warmoebam gadainacvlos momdevno stadiaze. stadiaTa aseTi
safexurad anu stadiad SeiZleba davyoT. es safexurebia,
Tanmimdevroba da maTi urTierTkavSiri gvaZlevs sisxlis
stadiebia: winaswari gamoZieba; pirveli instanciis sasa-
samarTlis procesis sistemas.
marTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilva; saapelacio
davaxasiaToT mokled (vrclad saubari iqneba wignis
sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilva; sakasa-
Sesabamis TavebSi) TiToeuli safexuri, stadia.
cio instanciis sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis
sisxlis samarTlis procesis pirveli stadiaa _ wi-
ganxilva; ganaCenisa da sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis
naswari gamoZieba. gamomZiebeli, prokurori, rogorc ki
gadasinjva axlad aRmoCenil da axlad gamovlenil gare-
miiReben informacias danaSaulis Cadenis Sesaxeb TavianTi
moebaTa gamo; sasamarTlos ganaCenis, ganCinebisa da dadge-
kompetenciis farglebSi valdebulni arian daiwyon winas-
nilebis aRsasruleblad miqceva. TiToeuli safexurisaTvis,
wari gamoZieba. gamomZiebeli dauyovnebliv acnobebs proku-
stadiisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia procesis monawileTa
rors winaswari gamoZiebis dawyebis Taobaze. winaswari
garkveuli wre, Sesabamisi saproceso uflebebiTa da mova-
gamoZiebis arsi imaSi mdgomareobs, rom momxdar faqtTan

64 65
dakavSirebiT yvela faqtobrivi garemoebani iqnes obieq- TiToeulis mier warmodgenil mtkicebulebaTa gamokvl-
turad, yovelmxriv da srulyofilad gamoZiebuli, Seswav- evaSi. xolo sasamarTlo mtkicebulebaTa uSualo gamokv-
lili. Catarebuli iqnes yvela aucilebeli sagamoZiebo levisa da mxareTa paeqrobis safuZvelze iqmnis Sinagan
moqmedeba, raTa saqmeSi moipovon sruli moculobiT saWiro rwmenas da kanonis uzenaesobisa da Sinagani rwmenis safuZ-
mtkicebulebebi. gamovlenil iqnes braldebulis, rogorc velze gadawyvets saqmes. gamoitans kanonier, dasabuTebul
mamxilebeli, ise gamamarTlebeli garemoebani. mas Semdeg da samarTlian ganaCens, romelic SeiZleba iyos gamamtyune-
rac gamomZiebeli miiCnevs, rom momxdar faqtTan dakavSire- beli an gamamarTlebeli. e.i. es stadia mTavrdeba iseTi
biT sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze daadgina yvela garemoeba saproceso dokumentis SedgeniT, rogoricaa ganaCeni.
(gaTvaliswinebuli sssk-is 112-e muxliT), sisxlis samar- rac Seexeba, saapelacio sasamarTloSi sisxlis samar-
Tlis saqmes sabraldebo daskvnis Sesadgenad dauyovnebliv Tlis saqmis ganxilvis stadias
stadias, igi gulisxmobs saapelacio
ugzavnis prokurors. sabraldebo daskvna aris winaswari wesiT gasaCivrebuli raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos
gamoZiebis erT-erTi saxis Semajamebeli saproceso doku- ganaCenisa Tu sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis dasabuTe-
menti da safuZveli imisa, rom sisxlis samarTlis saqme bulobis an/da kanonierebis Semowmebas. saapelacio in-
arsebiTi ganxilvisaTvis gadaegzavnos sasamarTlos gansja- stanciis sasamarTlo valdebulia ganixilos sisxlis sa-
dobis mixedviT. marTlis saqme da Caataros axali sasamarTlo gamoZieba.
Semdegi stadia aris _ pirveli instanciis sasamarT- saapelacio sasamarTlos sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa pal-
loSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilva. pirveli in- ata saapelacio wesiT ganixilavs ra sisxlis samarTlis
stanciis wesiT saqmes ganixilavs raionuli (saqalaqo) saqmes xelaxla gamoaqvs ganaCeni. axali ganaCeniT igi ufle-
sasamarTlo. am stadiisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia is, rom bamosilia gaauqmos pirveli instanciis sasamarTlos gamam-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilva da gadawyveta xdeba tyunebeli ganaCeni da mis nacvlad daadginos gamamarTle-
arsebiTad, rac gulisxmobs imas, rom sasamarTlo (mosa- beli ganaCeni, aseve ufleba aqvs, gamamarTlebeli ganaCenis
marTle) mxareebs uqmnis Tanabar SesaZleblobebs daubrkole- nacvlad daadginos gamamtyunebeli ganaCeni, e.i. daamZimos
bliv warmoadginon da gamoikvlion mtkicebulebebi. ganax- msjavrdebulis samarTlebrivi mdgomareoba. SeuZlia ucv-
orcielon sakuTari funqciebi, daicvan sakuTari pozicie- lelad datovos raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos gan-
bi. e.i. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom pirveli instanciis sasamarT- aCeni an cvlilebebi Seitanos masSi. e.i. sisxlis samarTlis
loSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilva mimdinareobs saqmis saapelacio wesiT ganxilva sruldeba ganaCenis
SejibrebiTobis pirobebSi, braldebis, dacvisa da saqmis dadgeniT.
gadawyvetis funqciebis gamijvnis safuZvelze. mocemuli sakasacio wesiT sisxlis samarTlis saqmes ganixilavs
stadiisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia is, rom braldebis da dacvis saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos sisxlis samarTlis
mxareebi Tavad uzrunvelyofen sasamarTlo sxdomaze mt- saqmeTa palata. sakasacio wesiT gasaCivrdeba saapelacio
kicebulebaTa warmodgenas da iReben aqtiur monawileobas sasamarTlos sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa palatis mier

66 67
gamotanili ganaCeni, ganCineba da sxva sasamarTlo gadaw- sakasacio instanciis sasamarTlo sisxlis samarTlis
yvetileba, romelic kasatoris azriT ukanonoa. magram aqve, saqmis ganxilvas asrulebs ganCinebis saproceso dokumentis
unda gvaxsovdes, rom saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos SedgeniT. igi ganCinebiT iRebs romelime Semdeg gadawyvetile-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa palataSi sakasacio saCivari bas: ucvlelad tovebs ganaCens an ganCinebas, xolo saCivars
daiSveba da sisxlis samarTlis saqme daeqvemdebareba ganx- ki daukmayofileblad; auqmebs ganaCens da wyvets saqmes;
ilvas, Tu: a) saqme mniSvnelovania samarTlis ganviTarebi- cvlis ganaCens msjavrdebulis sasikeTod; auqmebs ganaCens
sa da erTgvarovani sasamarTlo praqtikis CamoyalibebisaT- da saqmes gzavnis axali sasamarTlo ganxilvisaTvis.
vis; b) saapelacio sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba gansx- sisxlis samarTlis procesis erT-erT stadias miekuT-
vavdeba am kategoriis saqmeebze saqarTvelos uzenaesi vneba _ ganaCenisa da sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis
sasamarTlos manamde arsebuli praqtikisagan; g) saapelacio gadasinjva axlad aRmoCenil da axlad gamovlenil gare-
sasamarTlos mier saqme ganxilulia mniSvnelovani samarT- moebaTa gamo. aRniSnuli wesiT saqarTvelos saerTo sasa-
lebrivi an saproceso darRveviT, romelsac SeeZlo arse- marTloebis mier gamotanil da kanonier ZalaSi Sesul
biTad emoqmeda saqmis ganxilvis Sedegze. CamoTvlil pi- ganaCenebsa da sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebebze gadasin-
robaTagan romelimes Tu ar akmayofilebs saCivari, igi jvas axorcielebs saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos
daSvebuli ar iqneba da saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa palata, Tu iarsebebs axlad
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa palata sakasacio saCivars ar aRmoCenili faqtobrivi garemoebani da axlad gamovlenili
ganixilavs. magram, Tu sakasacio instanciis sasamarTlom samarTlebrivi garemoebani. ganCinebis saproceso dokumentis
dauSva sakasacio saCivari da moxda sisxlis samarTlis SedgeniT sruldeba saCivris ganxilva.
saqmis ganxilva ar unda damZimdes msjavrdebulis sapro- saproceso stadia _ sasamarTlos ganaCenis, ganCinebisa
ceso mdgomareoba. msjavrdebulis mdgomareobis gauarese- da dadgenilebis aRsasruleblad miqceva, gulisxmobs imas,
bis motiviT sakasacio instanciis sasamarTlo uflebam- rom sasamarTlos mier miRebuli gadawyvetileba Sesruldes
osilia gaauqmos sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba da sisxlis (aRsruldes). saerTod unda iTqvas, rom yvela instanciis
samarTlis saqme daabrunos xelaxali sasamarTlo ganxil- sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba kanonier ZalaSi Sedis da
visaTvis mxolod maSin, rodesac prokurorma, dazarale- aRsasruleblad mieqceva miRebisTanave. gadawyvetilebis
bulma, braldebis mxaris sxva warmomadgenelma _ sakasacio gasaCivreba ar aCerebs mis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlasa da
saCivari Seitana swored msjavrdebulis samarTlebrivi aRsrulebas. ganaCenis, ganCinebis an dadgenilebis aRsas-
mdgomareobis gauaresebis motiviT, aseTive pozicia ekavaT ruleblad miqceva evaleba im sasamarTlos (mosamarTles),
maT pirveli da saapelacio instanciebis sasamarTloebSi; romelmac gamoitana gadawyvetileba. sasamarTlo (mosa-
TavianT saCivars mxari dauWires uzenaesi sasamarTlos marTle) ganaCenis, ganCinebis, dadgenilebis aRmsrulebel
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa palatis sasamarTlo sxdo- organos sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis aslebTan erTad,
mazec. ugzavnis gankargulebas sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis aR-

68 69
srulebis Sesaxeb. (apelacia); 17) sasamarTlos mier sakiTxTa ganxilva ganaCenis
Tu msjavrdebuls sasjelad daeniSna Tavisuflebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg. CamoTvlili stadiebis
aRkveTa, igi aRsasruleblad unda mieqces sasjel-aR- gavla ar aris savaldebulo yvela kategoriis danaSau-
srulebiT organoSi, xolo sasamarTlom Tu gamoitana lisaTvis. ase magaliTad, naklebad mZime kategoriis dana-
gansasjelis misamarTiT gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni an iseTi Sauli ganixileba Sekvecili wesiT, ar aris savaldebulo
ganaCeni, romelic ar aris dakavSirebuli Tavisuflebis zemoT xsenebuli yvela stadiis gavla. garda amisa, gansa-
aRkveTasTan, igi unda aRsruldes ganaCenis gamocxadebisTa- kuTrebiT mZime kategoriis danaSaulebze saqmis warmoebis
nave sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazSi. dros zogierTi stadia fakultaturi xasiaTis matarebelia
sisxlis samarTlis procesis stadiebis misamarTiT ze- (maT sisxlis samarTlis saqme maSin gaivlis Tu Suamdgom-
moT xsenebuli midgoma ar aris erTaderTi. anglosaqsonuri loba iqna gancxadebuli romelime mxaris mier).
samarTlis sistemis umravles qveynebSi sisxlis samarTlis stadiebis gadmocemiT movaxdineT ra, sisxlis samarTlis
procesis Semdeg stadiebs gamoyofen: winasasamarTlo war- procesis erTiani sistemis warmoCena, mizanSewonilad mig-
moeba; sasamarTloSi saqmis winaswari ganxilva; sasamarTlo vaCnia, aqve SevexoT saxelmZRvaneloebSi gadmocemul sisx-
ganxilva; saapelacio warmoeba da ganaCenis aRsruleba. lis samarTlis procesis kursis sistemis or, zogad da
zogierT saxelmZRvaneloSi, romelic gankuTvnilia kerZo nawilad dayofasac.
amerikis iuridiuli saswavleblebisaTvis gadmocemulia zogad nawils miakuTvneben im sakiTxebs, romelic saer-
sisxlis samarTlis procesis 17 dasaxelebis stadia: 1) Toa sisxlis samarTlis procesis yvela stadiisaTvis. am
danaSaulis Cadenis Sesaxeb informaciis miReba da misi sakiTxTa rigs miakuTvneben: sisxlis samarTlis procesis
registracia; 2) gamoZieba dapatimrebamde; 3) dapatimreba; arsi, amocanebi; sisxlis samarTlis procesis kanonmde-
4) dapatimrebis gaformeba; 5) dapatimrebis Semdeg monace- bloba; sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebi; sisxlis
mebis Sekreba; 6) braldebis Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebis miRe- samarTlis procesis monawileni; mtkicebulebani da mt-
ba; 7) saqmis sasamarTloSi wardgena; 8) sasamarTloSi kiceba; sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi iZuleba; zogadi
braldebulis pirveli gamocxadeba; 9) sasamarTloSi saqmis nawilis sxva debulebani.
winaswari mosmena; 10) nafic msajulTa didi Jiuris mier kerZo nawils ki miakuTvneben Semdeg sakiTxebs: winaswari
saqmis Semowmeba; 11) sasamarTloSi sabraldebo aqtis an gamoZiebis warmoebis zogadi debulebani; sagamoZiebo moq-
danaSaulis Cadenis Sesaxeb informaciis registracia; 12) medebaTa Catarebis saproceso wesi; winaswari gamoZiebis
braldebulis azris gamovlena (gageba) sabraldebo aqtis damTavreba da Sewyveta, sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis Se-
an danaSaulis Cadenis Sesaxeb informaciis Taobaze; 13) Cereba da Sewyveta; sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilva
Suamdgomlobebis wardgena sasamarTlo ganxilvis dawyebamde; pirveli instanciis sasamarTloSi; saqmis ganxilva saapel-
14) saqmis arsebiTi ganxilva wardgenili braldebis farg- acio wesiT; saqmis ganxilva sakasacio wesiT; ganaCenisa da
lebSi; 15) sasjelis zomis gansazRvra; 16) gasaCivreba sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis gadasinjva axlad aRmo-

70 71
Cenil da axlad gamovlenil garemoebaTa gamo; ganaCenis Toblioba, romelic adgens da gansazRvravs sisxlis sa-
aRsruleba; calkeuli kategoriis sisxlis samarTlis marTlis procesis monawileTa uflebebsa da movaleobebs,
saqmeTa warmoebis Taviseburebani. da amave dros awesrigebs sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moZ-
sakiTxTa aseTi TanmimdevrobiT gadmocema da aTviseba, raobis Sedegad aRmocenebul urTierTobebs _ uSualod
aadvilebs siRrmiseul wvdomas sisxlis samarTlis proce- procesis mwarmoebel pirebs Soris da procesis mwar-
sis calkeul institutebSi. moebel pirebsa da procesis sxva monawileebs Soris, aseve
TviT procesis sxva monawileebs Soris. e. i. sisxlis sap-
roceso samarTali procesis monawileTa saqmianobas (sisx-
Tavi II lis samarTlis saqmis moZraobas) saproceso kanonis Car-
CoebSi aqcevs.
sisxlis saproceso samarTali zemoT Tqmulidan gamomdinare sisxlis samarTlis pro-
da misi wyaroebi
cessa da sisxlis saproceso samarTals Soris gansxvaveba
$1. sisxlis saproceso samarTlis cneba SeiZleba mokled amdagvarad gamovxatoT: sisxlis samarT-
lis procesi aris procesis mwarmoebel pirTa da procesis
sisxlis samarTlis procesis arsis Sesaxeb naSromis sxva monawileTa sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanoniT
wina TavSi iyo saubari. amJamad yuradReba gvinda gavamax- gansazRvruli saqmianoba, xolo sisxlis saproceso samar-
viloT sisxlis saproceso samarTlis bunebaze. es ori Tali aris saproceso normebis erToblioba, romelic
cneba erTmaneTTan mWidrodaa dakavSirebuli, urTierTs awesrigebs procesis mwarmoebel pirTa da procesis sxva
ganapirobeben. aseTi mWidro kavSiris gamo, xSirad maT monawileTa saqmianobas, da am saqmianobis procesSi aRmo-
aigiveben, identur cnebebadac ki miiCneven, magram unda cenebul urTierTobebs.
iTqvas, rom miuxedavad maT Soris didi kavSirisa, mainc maSasadame, unda iTqvas, rom sisxlis saproceso samar-
arsebobs gansxvaveba. es gansxvaveba naTeli, rom gaxdes Tali proceduruli samarTalia. Tavisi saproceso norme-
kidev erTxel gavixsenoT, ra aris sisxlis samarTlis biT adgens da gansazRvravs sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa
procesi. SeniSnuli iyo, rom sisxlis samarTlis procesi, gamoZiebisa da sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis wess. iZl-
upirveles yovlisa, TviTon sisxlis samarTlis saqmis eva calkeuli sagamoZiebo moqmedebebis Catarebis proce-
moZraobaa, am moZraobaSi igulisxmeba gamomZieblis, proku- durul wess (ra wesebis dacviT moxdes SemTxvevis adgilis
roris, mosamarTlis, sasamarTlosa da sisxlis samarTal- daTvaliereba, dakiTxva, eqspertizis daniSvna, mtkicebule-
warmoebis sxva monawileTa sisxlis samarTlis saproceso baTa wyaroebis aRmoCena da maTgan informaciis miReba da
kanoniT gansazRvruli saqmianoba. sxva).
rac Seexeba sisxlis saproceso samarTals _ igi aris saproceso normebiT _ procesis mwarmoebeli orga-
samarTlis damoukidebeli dargi, saproceso normebis er- noebi, Tanamdebobis pirebi, procesis sxva monawileni aR-

72 73
Wurvili arian garkveuli uflebebiTa da movaleobebiT, Zleblobas xarvezis gamosasworeblad, Tu amiT ar ilax-
rac qmnis imis pirobebs, rom danaSauli iqnes gamoZiebuli eba adamianis uflebebi.
da gaxsnili. danaSaulis gamoZieba, gaxsna operatiulad anglosaqsonuri samarTlis sistemaSi Semavali qveyneb-
rom moxdes, saproceso normebi gansazRvraven procesis is kanonmdebloba saproceso saqmianobas detalurad ar
mwarmoebel pirTa mxridan Casatarebeli moqmedebebis Tan- awesrigebs. mosamarTleebi sisxlis samarTlis saqmes gad-
mimdevrobasac (magaliTad, ra SemTxvevaSi iqnes piri eWvmi- awyveten saerTo konstituciur principebze da sasamarTlo
tanilad cnobili; ra SemTxvevaSi moxdeba piris dakaveba precedentze dayrdnobiT. kontinenturi samarTlis siste-
eWvmitanilis saxiT; rodis waredginos pirs braldeba; maSi Semavali qveynebis kanonmdeblobiT gamomZiebelTa da
rodis gadaeces prokurors sisxlis samarTlis saqme sa- mosamarTleTa saqmianoba detaluradaa kanoniT mowesrige-
braldebo daskvnis Sesadgenad da a.S. an/da sasamarTlo buli.
gamoZiebis dros mtkicebulebaTa wardgenisa da gamokvlevis sisxlis saproceso samarTlis TiToeuli normis Si-
Tanmimdevroba). naarsi zustad miuTiTebs samarTlebrivi mowesrigebis
sisxlis saproceso samarTali marTalia farTo ufle- obieqtze, subieqtze an subieqtebze, visac igi exeba, normis
bamosilebiT aRWuravs procesis mwarmoebel pirebs, aZlevs gamoyenebis pirobebze, im uflebebze da movaleobebze, rom-
SesaZleblobas Tuki safuZveli iqneba gamoiyenon saproceso lebic aRmoucendebaT samarTlebrivi urTierTobis
samarTlebrivi iZulebiTi RonisZiebebi, magram maT parale- monawileebs.
lurad SemoRebuli aqvs braldebulis, dazaralebulis, saproceso norma aris ra samarTlis normis saxe, yvela
procesis sxva monawileTa uflebebis garantiaTa sistemac. is niSani gaaCnia, rac damaxasiaTebelia saerTod samarTlis
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis SejibrebiTi forma, normisaTvis. magram, saproceso normas Taviseburebanic
romelic gansazRvravs saproceso funqciebs da am funqcie- gaaCnia, rac imaSi vlindeba, rom igi awesrigebs sisxlis
bis matarebel subieqtebs, aRiarebs braldebulis uflebas samarTlis saqmis gamoZieba-ganxilvis dros gamomZieblis,
dacvaze, SejibrebiTobas da arabraleulobis prezumfcias, prokuroris, mosamarTlis, sasamarTlos saqmianobas da im
sazogadoebisaTvis misaRebia. e.i. socialuri kuTxiT mo- urTierTobebs, romelic aRmocendeba saproceso saqmianobis
wonebas imsaxurebs. dros zemoT aRniSnul pirebsa da procesis mwarmoebel
sisxlis saproceso samarTali, rogorc samarTlis pirebsa da procesis sxva monawileebs Soris.
dargi erT mTlian sistemas warmoadgens. mis sistemur sisxlis samarTlis saproceso normaSi, iseve, rogorc
mTlianobas amyarebs is, rom misi yvela instituti Sinaar- saerTod samarTlis normaSi, bolo periodamde gamoyofdnen
sobrivad erTmaneTTanaa dakavSirebuli da urTierTs gana- Semdeg sam nawils: hipoTeza, dispozicia, sanqcia.
pirobeben. am mTlianobaSi Tu gamoCnda xarvezi
xarvezi, saqarTvelos hipoTeza miuTiTebs, Tu ra pirobebis, ra garemoebaTa
sssk-is meSvide muxlis meoTxe nawili uSvebs sisxlis dadgomisas unda iqnes gamoyenebuli esa Tu is norma. ase
samarTlis saproceso kanonis analogiiT gamoyenebis Sesa- magaliTad, saqarTvelos sssk-is 473-e muxlis pirveli

74 75
nawili SeniSnavs `Tu gansasjelma sasamarTlos (mosamar- blobas, dispoziciaSi aRniSnuli moTxovnis darRvevas, e.i.
Tlis) winaSe Tavi damnaSaved cno da es aRiareba nebay- sanqciaSi gamoxatulia is iZulebiTi xasiaTis RonisZiebani,
oflobiTia, ar iwvevs mxareTa davasa da sasamarTlos eWvs, romliTac uzrunvelyofilia saproceso normis moTxovnaTa
sasamarTlo gamoZieba sasamarTlo ganCinebiT (dadgenilebiT) Sesruleba. magaliTisaTvis davefuZnoT isev saqarTvelos
SeiZleba ar Catardes an Seikvecos~. am SemTxvevaSi hipoTezas sssk-is 70-e muxlis meore da mesame nawilebs: `dazarale-
Seadgens normis is nawili
nawili, romelSic saubaria: `gansasjel- bulis arasapatio mizeziT gamoucxadeblobis SemTxvevaSi
ma sasamarTlos (mosamarTlis) winaSe Tavi damnaSaved cno igi SeiZleba iZulebiT moiyvanon~; `dazaralebuls cru Cve-
da es aRiareba nebayoflobiTia, ar iwvevs mxareTa davasa nebis micemisaTvis ekisreba pasuxismgebloba saqarTvelos
da sasamarTlos eWvs~, ai, am aRniSnuli pirobebis SemTx- sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 370-e muxlis Sesabamisad~.
vevaSi SeiZleba iqnes gamoyenebuli dasaxelebuli norma, (gamoxatulia iZulebiTi xasiaTis RonisZieba
RonisZieba).
romelic exeba sasamarTlo gamoZiebis arCatarebas an Sekve- sisxlis saproceso samarTalSi saubroben ra sanqciis
cas. iZulebiT xasiaTze. calke gamoyofen mis ufleba-aRdgeniT
dispozicia aris normis is nawili, romelSic aRwer- mniSvnelobasac. mxedvelobaSia is garemoeba, rodesac dair-
ilia misi Sinaarsis ganmsazRvreli qcevis wesi, e.i. miTiTe- Rva an SeizRuda procesis romelime monawilis uflebebi
bulia imaze, Tu ra uflebebi da movaleobebi gauCndebaT am da kanonis darRvevis es faqti gamosworebuli iqneba. ase
normiT mowesrigebuli urTierTobis monawileebs hipoTeza- magaliTad, piris dakavebis Sesaxeb dauyovnebliv ecnobeba
Si aRniSnuli pirobebisa da garemoebebis dadgomis SemTx- ra prokurors, igi uflebamosilia gaecnos sisxlis samar-
vevaSi. moviyvanoT magaliTisaTvis saqarTvelos sssk-is 70-e Tlis saqmis masalebs, dakiTxos dakavebuli, mousminos
muxlis pirveli nawilis Sinaarsi `dazaralebuli an misi gamomZiebels da Sewyvitos sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna an/
uflebamonacvle valdebulia gamocxaddes gamomZieblis, da gamoZieba da gaaTavisuflos dakavebuli, Tuki gamovlin-
prokuroris, sasamarTlos gamoZaxebiT, gulaxdilad acnobos deba dakavebis arakanoniereba da dausabuTebloba. aseve,
yvelaferi, rac saqmesTan dakavSirebiT icis, da upasuxos gamamarTlebeli ganaCenis gamotana, rac tolfasovania
dasmul SekiTxvebs, ar gaamJRavnos saqmesTan dakavSirebiT braldebis uaryofisa da sxva.
misTvis cnobili garemoebebi~. aRniSnul magaliTSi dispozi- yuradReba misaqcevia sanqciis iseTi Tvisebac, rogori-
cias warmoadgens dazaralebulis an misi uflebamonacvlis caa aRmkveTi xasiaTis matarebloba. mxedvelobaSia is ga-
valdebuleba _ gamocxaddes da gulaxdilad acnobos yve- remoeba, rodesac pirs aRekveTeba garkveuli qceva, raTa
laferi, rac icis saqmesTan dakavSirebiT da upasuxos das- uzrunvelyofil iqnes saproceso moqmedebis Catareba.
mul SekiTxvebs; amasTanave ar gaamJRavnos saqmesTan dakav- magaliTad, mosamarTlis gankargulebiT wesrigis darRve-
SirebiT misTvis cnobili garemoebebi (normis
normis Sinaarsi
Sinaarsi). visaTvis gansasjeli gaZevebul iqna sasamarTlo sxdomis
rac Seexeba sanqcias
sanqcias, igi aris normis is nawili, romel- darbazidan, moiyvanes ra igi sasamarTlo sxdomis darba-
Sic miTiTebulia, Tu ra Sedegi moyveba normis Seusrule- zSi ganaCenis, ganCinebis an dadgenilebis gamocxadebis dros,

76 77
man kvlav ganagrZo wesrigis darRveva. aseT SemTxvevaSi samarTlis saproceso normebis umravlesoba, swored rom
gansasjeli isev iqneba gaZevebuli da saproceso gadaw- imperatiuli xasiaTisaa, ramdenadac awesebs procesis
yvetileba gamocxaddeba mis gareSe. xolo sasamarTlo monawileebisaTvis valdebulebas an savaldebulo qcevis
ganaCenis, ganCinebis Tu dadgenilebis asli, amis Semdeg mas wess. xolo rodesac procesis monawileebs, magaliTad,
Cabardeba xelweriliT. braldebuls, dazaralebuls saproceso norma aZlevs
iuridiul literaturaSi gamoTqmulia sxvadasxva Sexed- SesaZleblobas isargeblos ama Tu im uflebiT (ganacxados
uleba samarTlis normis struqturisa da misi elementeb- Suamdgomloba, Seitanos saCivari da a.S.), saproceso nor-
is Sesaxeb. amJamad gavrcelebulia mosazreba, rom samarTlis ma dispoziciuri xasiaTisaa.
norma Sedgeba ori nawilisagan
nawilisagan: 1) deskrifciuli nawili sisxlis samarTlis saproceso normis struqturis
anu is faqtobrivi urTierToba, romelic nebadarTulia, codna safuZvels qmnis Tavidan iqnes acilebuli Secdome-
akrZalulia an moTxovnilia da 2) normatiuli nawili nawili, bi normis Sefardebis procesSi.
romelic ambobs, es faqtobrivi urTierToba akrZalulia,
nebadarTulia Tu moTxovnilia. calke gamoyofen samarTlis
normis struqturis or ZiriTad elements:
elements 1) faqtobrivi $2. sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi
Semadgenloba, romelic gansazRvravs iuridiuli Sedegis urTierTobani
winapirobebs da 2) iuridiuli Sedegi, romelic dgeba maSin,
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis, rogorc samarTlis
rodesac saxezea normis faqtobrivi Semadgenloba.1
dargis Seswavla ar SeiZleba dayvanil iqnes sisxlis sa-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso literaturaSi saubro-
marTlis saproceso normebis gazepirebamde. swavlebis
ben imis Sesaxebac, rom saproceso normebi TavianTi moq-
aseTi forma miiRebda formalur da dogmatur xasiaTs.
medebis mixedviTac araerTgvarovania. ase magaliTad, zogi-
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis normebis SeswavlasTan
erTi normis Sinaarsi gavrcelebas hpovebs sisxlis samar-
erTad, Seswavlili unda iyos maTi moqmedebac, e.i. sapro-
Tlis procesis yvela stadiaze. maT ricxvs unda mivakuT-
ceso normebis realizacia saproceso samarTlebriv urT-
vnoT sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebi. zogi norma
ierTobebSi.
ki moqmedebs winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze an mxolod
magram, ra aris TviT sisxlis saproceso samarTlebri-
sasamarTloSi. zogic ki vrceldeba calkeul sagamoZiebo
vi urTierTobis aRmocenebis safuZveli? sisxlis sapro-
moqmedebebze.
ceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis aseT safuZvlad gvev-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso normebi maTSi gamoxat-
lineba iuridiuli faqti, romelic rig SemTxvevebSi faq-
uli moTxovnebis savaldebulo Zalis xasiaTis mixedviT
tobriv SemadgenlobasTanaa dakavSirebuli. ase magaliTad,
iyofian: imperatiul da dispoziciur normebad. sisxlis
Tu winaswari gamoZiebis dasawyebad momxdari faqti _ da-
naSaulis niSnebis matarebeli, sakmarisi safuZvelia sap-
1 g. xubua, samarTlis Teoria, Tb., 2004 w., gv. 52-57. roceso samarTlebrivi urTierToba aRmocendes gamoZiebis
78 79
mwarmoebel pirsa (gamomZiebeli, prokurori) da mowmes lis) moTxovna.
Soris; momxdar faqtTan dakavSirebiT, faqtobrivi garemoe- SeiZleba iTqvas, gamomZieblis (prokuroris, mosamarT-
bebis dasadgenad, romelic specialur codnas saWiroebs, lis) nebismier dadgenilebasa da sasamarTlos nebismier
rom aRmocendes sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urT- ganCinebas, romelic avaldebulebs procesis monawiles
ierToba eqspertsa da gamomZiebels (prokurors) Soris Seasrulos garkveuli qmedeba (moqmedeba an umoqmedoba),
faqtobriv garemoebebTan (iuridiuli faqti) erTad unda iuridiuli faqtis mniSvneloba aqvs da maSasadame, warmo-
iyos samarTlebrivi safuZvelic _ dadgenileba (iuridiuli Sobs sisxlis saproceso samarTlebriv urTierTobebs
faqti) eqspertizis daniSvnis Sesaxeb. (magaliTad, winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze mowmis an
iuridiul faqtad da, maSasadame, sisxlis saproceso dazaralebulis iZulebiT moyvana mosamarTlis brZanebiT,
samarTlebrivi urTierTobis warmoSobis safuZvlad Sei- mosamarTlis brZaneba braldebulis binaSi Cxrekis Catare-
Zleba mogvevlinos, procesis monawilis moqmedeba.
moqmedeba ase bis Sesaxeb da a.S.).
magaliTad, damcvelis Suamdgomloba (moqmedeba) gamomZie- sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierToba
blis winaSe, esa Tu is sagamoZiebo moqmedeba Catardes misi mravalmxrivia, igi SeiZleba aRmocendes, rogorc uSualod
monawileobiT, warmoSobs sisxlis saproceso samarTlebriv procesis mwarmoebel organoebsa da Tanamdebobis pirebs
urTierTobas gamomZiebelTan, romelic valdebulia ganixi- Soris, ise procesis mwarmoebel pirebsa da procesis sxva
los Suamdgomloba da uaris SemTxvevaSi, uari daasabuTos. monawileebs Soris, romlebic Cabmulni arian sisxlis sa-
aseve, msjavrdebulis saapelacio saCivari (moqmedeba) aval- marTlis procesSi, aseve TviT procesis sxva monawileebs
debulebs saapelacio sasamarTlos ganixilos igi da a.S. Soris.
sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis war- iseve, rogorc nebismieri samarTlebrivi urTierToba,
moSobis safuZveli SeiZleba iyos, iseTi iuridiuli faqti, sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobac Sedgeba:
rogoricaa viTareba
viTareba. magaliTad, Tu viTarebis Secvlis subieqtebisagan, obieqtisagan, uflebisagan da movaleo-
Sedegad qmedeba aRar aris saSiSi. bisagan.
nebismieri movlena, SemTxveva SeiZleba gaxdes sisxlis sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis sub-
saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis warmoSobis safuZ- ieqtebad gvevlinebian erTis mxriv, saxelmwifo organoebi
veli. magaliTad, amnistia, warmoSobs saproceso samarT- da misi warmomadgenlebi, procesis mwarmoebeli pirebi
lebrivi urTierTobis subieqtisaTvis _ braldebulisaTvis (gamomZiebeli, prokurori, mosamarTle) da meores mxriv,
(gansasjelisaTvis) uflebas moiTxovos sisxlissamarT- moqalaqe (romelic SeiZleba iyos: eWvmitanili, braldeb-
lebrivi devnis an/da winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyveta, Tu mis uli, msjavrdebuli, dazaralebuli, mowme, eqsperti, spe-
mier Cadenili marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedeba moxvda amnis- cialisti, Tarjimani da a.S.), procesis monawile.
tiis aqtSi, xolo prokurori, mosamarTle (sasamarTlo) sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis obieq-
valdebulni arian daakmayofilon braldebulis (gansasje- tia yovelive is, risTvisac da ris gamoc warmoiSoba mo-

80 81
cemuli urTierToba, magaliTad, mowmis dakiTxvisas sisxlis wesiT, sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawilis (eWvmita-
samarTlis saqmeze arsebiTi mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis nili, braldebuli) mimarT gamoiyenos sisxlis saproceso
dasadgenad miRebuli Cveneba, dazaralebulis dakiTxva samarTlebrivi iZulebis RonisZieba. magram sisxlis sapro-
saqmeze arsebiTi mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dasadgenad ceso samarTlebriv urTierTobaSi braldebulis mimarT
miRebuli Cveneba da a.S. iZulebiTi RonisZiebis gamoyeneba, aris gamomZieblis, proku-
rac Seexeba uflebebsa da movaleobebs sisxlis sapro- roris, mosamarTlis (sasamarTlos) ufleba, da braldebuls
ceso samarTlebriv urTierTobebSi, es aris gamomZieblis, SeuZlia gaasaCivros procesis mwarmoebel pirTa moqmedeba,
prokuroris, mosamarTlis, sasamarTlos da yvela im piris amtkicos, rom mocemul SemTxvevaSi maT ar hqondaT safuZ-
(dazaralebuli, braldebuli, mowme da a.S.) uflebebi da veli gamoeyenebinaT saproceso samarTlebrivi iZulebis
movaleobebi, romlebic monawileoben konkretul sapro- RonisZiebis konkretuli saxe (mag. dapatimreba). e.i. Sei-
ceso samarTlebriv urTierTobaSi. Zleba iTqvas, rom sisxlis saproceso samarTlebriv urT-
sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis nebi- ierTobaSi moqalaqeebTan erTad monawile saxelmwifo
smier monawiles aqvs uflebebi da akisria movaleobebi. ase organoebi da maTi warmomadgenlebi arian samarTlis sub-
magaliTad, dazaralebuls aqvs ufleba ganacxados ac- ieqtebi da am statusiT ganaxorcieleben saproceso kano-
ileba, warmoadginos mtkicebulebani, gaasaCivros proku- niT miniWebul uflebebs. aseTi aqcenti unda gakeTdes maT
rorTan, saCivris uaryofis SemTxvevaSi _ zemdgom proku- saproceso movaleobebzec. procesis mwarmoebel pirebs
rorTan gamomZieblis da prokuroris moqmedeba da gadaw- valdebuleba ekisrebaT ara mxolod saxelmwifos winaSe,
yvetileba, garkveul SemTxvevaSi _ sasamarTloSi, amave aramed, rogorc konkretuli saproceso samarTlebrivi
dros valdebulia gamocxaddes gamomZieblis, prokuroris, urTierTobis subieqts _ braldebulis, mowmis da proce-
sasamarTlos gamoZaxebiT da gulaxdilad acnobos yve- sis nebismieri monawilis mimarT.
laferi, rac saqmesTan dakavSirebiT icis. ase magaliTad, Tu moxda piris dakaveba eWvmitanilis
sisxlis saproceso samarTlebriv urTierTobebSi saxiT, unda dakmayofildes dauyovnebliv misi moTxovna
saxelmwifo organoebi da maTi warmomadgenlebi (gamomZie- damcvelis mowvevis Taobaze. aq, saxelmwifos nebaa gamoxat-
beli, prokurori, mosamarTle, sasamarTlo) asruleben uli da misi Sesruleba savaldebuloa gamomZieblisaTvis
kanoniT dakisrebul saxelmwifo movaleobas. es movaleobe- (prokurorisaTvis) da meores mxriv, rogorc samarTlis
bi, rom Seasrulon gamomZiebelma, prokurorma, mosamarTlem subieqtisaTvis movaleoba eWvmitanilis mimarTac, misces
_ kanonmdebeli maT aRWuravs uflebebiT, romelsac ganax- eWvmitanils SesaZlebloba ganaxorcielos kanoniT miniWe-
orcieleben konkretul sisxlis saproceso samarTlebriv buli ufleba.
urTierTobaSi. ase magaliTad, saxelmwifo aZlevs SesaZle- garkveuli sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTier-
blobas gamomZiebels, prokurors, mosamarTles (sasamarT- Tobebi aRmocendeba mxareebs Soris, sasamarTloSi sisxlis
los), Tu arsebobs amis safuZvlebi, kanoniT dadgenili samarTlis saqmis ganxilvis dros, rodesac mxareebi

82 83
monawileobas iReben warmodgenili mtkicebulebebis gamokv- tuciis me-17 muxli, romelic saubrobs: adamianis pativi
levaSi da eZlevaT SesaZlebloba kiTxvebi dausvan da- da Rirseba xelSeuvalia; dauSvebelia adamianis wameba,
sakiTxad gamoZaxebul pirebs. am SemTxvevaSi procesis arahumanuri, sastiki an pativisa da Rirsebis Semlaxveli
monawileebs Soris aRmocenebul urTierTobebs akontro- mopyroba da sasjelis gamoyeneba; da konstituciis me-18
lebs TviTon sasamarTlo (mosamarTle). muxli, romelic exeba adamianis Tavisuflebis xelSeu-
SeiZleba iTqvas, rom sisxlis saproceso samarTlebri- valobas; dasaSvebobas adamianisaTvis Tavisuflebis aRkveTi-
vi urTierTobani, sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawile- sa an piradi Tavisuflebis sxvagvari SezRudvisa sasamarT-
Ta realuri moqmedebis (Sinaarsis) gamoxatvis mxolod los gadawyvetilebiT, safuZvlad daedo sisxlis sapro-
garegnuli iuridiuli mxarea. misi elementebis urTierT- ceso samarTlis iseT princips, rogoricaa `pirovnebis
kavSiri niadags qmnis miRweul iqnes sisxlis samarTlis xelSeuxebloba, misi pativisa da Rirsebis dacva.
procesis mizani. saqarTvelos konstituciis me-18 muxlis mexuTe nawilis
amdenad, sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi urTier- Sinaarsi: `dakavebul an dapatimrebul pirs, dakavebis an
Toba, esaa sisxlis samarTlis saproceso normebiT mowes- dapatimrebisTanave SeuZlia moiTxovos damcvelis dax-
rigebuli urTierToba, romelic warmoiSoba saxelmwifos mareba, rac unda dakmayofildes~, da konstituciis 42-e
organoebsa, mis warmomadgenlebsa da moqalaqeebs Soris muxlis mesame nawili: `dacvis ufleba garantirebulia~,
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamo. safuZveli gaxda Camoyalibebuliyo sisxlis saproceso
samarTlis principi: eWvmitanilis, braldebulisa da gan-
sasjelis dacvis uflebis uzrunvelyofa;
$3. sisxlis saproceso samarTlis saqarTvelos konstituciis me-20 muxli exeba: adamianis
wyaroebi piradi cxovrebis, piradi saqmianobis adgilis, piradi
Canaweris, mimoweris, satelefono saubris da sxva saxis
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso norma gamoxatulebas
teqnikuri saSualebiT miRebuli Setyobinebebis xelSeux-
hpovebs kanonSi. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom yvela kanonebi, rom-
eblobas; aseve, Sesvlis akrZalvas sacxovrebel binaSi da
lebic exeba sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebasa da sasa-
sxva mflobelobaSi mflobel pirTa nebis sawinaaRmdegod;
marTloSi saqmis ganxilvas, e.i. Seicavs saproceso normebs,
Tu ar aris sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba an kanoniT gaT-
warmoadgens sisxlis saproceso samarTlis wyaroebs.
valiswinebuli gadaudebeli aucilebloba, safuZvlad
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis ZiriTad wyaros war-
daedo sisxlis saproceso samarTlis princips: `piradi
moadgens saqarTvelos konstitucia, romelic miRebulia
cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba~;
1995 wlis 24 agvistos. igi Seicavs normebs, romlebic
saqarTvelos konstituciis me-40 muxli, romelic
gvevlineba sisxlis saproceso samarTlis principebad an
Tavisi SinaarsiT `udanaSaulobis prezumfcias~ asaxavs,
ZiriTad debulebad. ase magaliTad, saqarTvelos konsti-
sruli SinaarsiT iqna gadmotanili sisxlis saproceso

84 85
samarTlis principad; Soriso xelSekrulebas an SeTanxmebas, Tu igi ar ewinaaRm-
saqarTvelos konstituciis 42-e muxlis meSvide nawili: degeba saqarTvelos konstitucias, konstituciur SeTanx-
`kanonis darRveviT mopovebul mtkicebulebas iuridiuli mebas aqvs upiratesi iuridiuli Zala Sidasaxelmwifoe-
Zala ara aqvs~, sisxlis saproceso samarTlis erT-erTi brivi normatiuli aqtebis mimarT~. e.i. SeiZleba iTqvas,
saxelmZRvanelo debulebaa da man asaxva hpova sisxlis saqarTvelos normatiuli aqtebis ierarqiaSi saqarTvelos
saproceso samarTlis principSi: `kanoniereba da adamianis saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebas an SeTanxmebas, saqarTvelos
bunebiTi uflebebi~; amave muxlis, merve nawili: aravin ar konstituciisa da konstituciuri SeTanxmebis mere ufro
aris valdebuli misces Tavisi an im axlobelTa sawinaaRm- didi iuridili Zala gaaCnia, vidre saqarTvelos sxva nor-
degod Cveneba, romelTa wrec ganisazRvreba kanoniT~, sisx- matiul aqtebs (mxedvelobaSia saqarTvelos organuli
lis saproceso samarTlis mniSvnelovani debulebaa~. kanoni, saqarTvelos kanoni). aqedan gamomdinare `adamianis
saqarTvelos konstituciis mexuTe Tavi mTlianad sasa- uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa dacvis evropuli
marTlo xelisuflebas exeba. sadac mocemulia marTlmsa- konvencia~, iTvleba ra saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobis
julebis ganxorcielebis mniSvnelovani debulebebi: rom nawilad, aRiarebuli unda iqnes sisxlis saproceso samar-
marTlmsajulebas axorcieleben saerTo sasamarTloebi; Tlis wyarod. sisxlis saproceso samarTlis wyarod aRi-
mosamarTle Tavis saqmianobaSi damoukidebelia da emor- arebul unda iqnes agreTve gaerTianebuli erebis orga-
Cileba mxolod konstitucias da kanons; sasamarTlos nizaciis generaluri asambleis mier 1948 wels miRebuli
gadawyvetilebis gauqmeba, Secvla an SeCereba SeuZlia mx- `adamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaracia~. aRniSnuli
olod sasamarTlos kanoniT gansazRvruli wesiT da a.S. saerTaSoriso aqtebi mravlad Seicaven sisxlis saproceso
amave TavSi saubaria sisxlis samarTlis procesis iseT samarTlis sawyisebs (principebs), magaliTad: sisxlissa-
sawyisebze, rogoricaa: sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis marTalwarmoebis Riaoba; braldebulis dacvis uflebis
saqmis ganxilva Ria sxdomaze; samarTalwarmoebis ena; sa- uzrunvelyofa; udanaSaulobis (arabraleulobis) prezum-
marTalwarmoebis ganxorcieleba mxareTa Tanasworobisa da fcia; pirovnebis xelSeuxebloba, misi pativisa da Rirse-
SejibrebiTobis safuZvelze. bis dacva; moqalaqeTa Tanasworoba kanonisa da sasamarTlos
rogorc vxedavT saqarTvelos konstitucia sisxlis winaSe; piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba da sxva. sisxlis
saproceso samarTlisaTvis yvelaze mniSvnelovani wyaroa, saproceso samarTlis wyarod unda miviCnioT yvela is
misi ZiriTadi debulebebi, sawyisebi konstituciidan modis. saerTaSoriso aqti, romelic fizikur da iuridiul pirebs
saerTaSoriso samarTlisa da saerTaSoriso xelSekrule- aZlevs SesaZleblobas daicvan TavianTi uflebebi da kanon-
bebis sayovelTaod aRiarebuli principebi da normebi ieri interesebi, rogorc sisxlis samarTlis gamoZiebis,
saqarTvelos saxelmwifos kanonmdeblobis nawilebia. amis ise sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis safexurze.
dasturia saqarTvelos konstituciis me-6 muxlis meore sisxlis saproceso samarTlis umTavresi wyaro-sisxlis
nawilis Sinaarsic, sadac naTqvamia: `saqarTvelos saerTa- samarTlis saproceso kodeqsia, masSia Tavmoyrili yvela

86 87
is normebi, romlebiTac faqtobrivad wesrigdeba sisxlis damcveli daiSveboda winaswari gamoZiebis damTavrebis mo-
samarTlis saqmis moZraobis Sedegad aRmocenebuli sapro- mentidan: gafarTovda dazaralebulis saproceso uflebebi;
coeso samarTlebrivi urTierTobebi, rogorc uSualod detalurad gaiwera calkeuli sagamoZiebo moqmedebebis
procesis mwarmoebel pirebs Soris (gamomZiebeli, proku- Catarebis wesi; sasamarTloSi saqmis arsebiTi ganxilvisas
rori, mosamarTle, sasamarTlo), ise procesis mwarmoebel da saqmis sakasacio warmoebis dros, SemoRebul iqna Se-
pirebsa da procesis sxva monawileebs (dazaralebuli, jibrebiTi procesis sawyisebi da a.S.
braldebuli, mowme da sxva) Soris. saqarTveloSi, me-20 saukunis 90-ian wlebSi mimdinare
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi, rogorc sisx- politikurma movlenebma, iTamaSa ra garkveuli roli
lis saproceso samarTlis wyaro saqarTvelos saxelmwifos saxelmwifos aRmSeneblobiT saqmianobaSi, gamoiwvia qveya-
sinamdvileSi mogvevlina 1923 wlidan. rodesac 1923 wlis naSi moqmedi kanonmdeblobis reformirebac. reforma Seexo
17 agvistos miRebuli iqna saqarTvelos pirveli sisxlis sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsac, da saqarTvelos
samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi. aRniSnuli kodeqsi mniS- parlamentma 1997 wlis 25 noembers miiRo axali sisxlis
vnelovani iyo imiT, rom igi adgils uTmobda demokratiul samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi. magram masSi uamravi cvli-
institutebs, dasaSvebad miiCnevda sisxlis samarTlis lebeba Sevida da dadga aucilebloba axali sisxlis sa-
procesSi damcvelis monawileobas, iTvaliswinebda sakasa- marTlis saproceso kodeqsis misaRebad, marTlac, drois
cio wesiT ganaCenis gasaCivrebas. detalurad gadmoscemda umokles monakveTSi saqarTvelos parlamentma 1998 wlis
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebasa da sasamarTloSi 20 Tebervals, miiRo axali sisxlis samarTlis saproceso
saqmis ganxilvis wess da a.S. kodeqsi, romelic amoqmedda 1999 wlis 15 maiss da dResac
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis moqmedebs. aCqarebuli tempiT miRebul saproceso kodeqsSi
ufro srulyofil saxes warmoadgenda saqarTvelos uzen- bevri xarvezi gaipara, ramac gamoiwvia is, rom normalurad
aesi sabWos mier 1960 wlis 30 dekembers miRebuli sisx- arc ki iyo amoqmedebuli kodeqsi, masSi ukve cvlilebebis
lis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi, romelic ZalaSi Setana daiwyo da am cvlilebebis Setana dRemde grZel-
Sevida 1961 wlis 1 martidan. xsenebuli kodeqsi miRebul deba. moqmedi saproceso kodeqsis am mdgomareobaSi yofnam
iqna sisxlis samarTlis politikis humanizaciis periodSi. Seamzada niadagi, isev axali sisxlis samarTlis sapro-
ramac garkveuli asaxva hpova kidec sisxlis samarTlis ceso kodeqsis misaRebad, momzadebulia proeqtic. sain-
procesSi. ase magaliTad, danaSaulis winaaRmdeg brZolaSi teresoa proeqtSi arsebuli axali institutebi gauZleben
gamoikveTa sazogadoebis aqtiuri roli. SesaZlebeli iyo Tu ara gamocdas, romelsac maT umzadebs sagamoZiebo da
braldebulis gadacema Tavdebobis qveS an sisxlis samar- sasamarTlo praqtika, misaRebi iqneba Tu ara sazogadoe-
Tlis saqmis masalebis gadacema amxanaguri sasamarTloebi- brivi cnobierebisaTvis, amas dro gviCvenebs.
saTvis da arasrulwlovanTa saqmeebis komisiisaTvis, riTac sisxlis saproceso samarTlis wyaroebia, aseve: or-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoeba faqtobrivad wydeboda; ganuli kanoni `saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb~, organuli

88 89
kanoni `saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos Sesaxeb~: or- mecnierTa interesebis sferoa ara mxolod is, warmoa-
ganuli kanoni `sakonstitucio sasamarTlos Sesaxeb~, or- Cinon calkeuli saproceso institutis sawyisi da misi
ganuli kanoni `sakonstitucio samarTalwarmoebis Sesaxeb; ganviTarebis istoria, aramed, aseve miakvlion TviTon sisx-
organuli kanoni `saqarTvelos prokuraturis Sesaxeb~; lis saproceso samarTlis safuZvlebsac. yoveli eri
kanoni `operatiul-samZebro saqmianobis Sesaxeb~; kanoni daucxromeli SemoqmedebiTi muSaobis Sedegad qmnida, da
`advokatTa Sesaxeb~ da saerTod, yvela is kanoni, romel- dResac qmnis Tavisi qveynis ekonomikur, politikur, so-
ic Seicavs saproceso normebs da exeba sisxlis samarTlis cialur, ideologiur, religiur safuZvlebze dafuZnebul
saqmis gamoZiebasa da sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvas. Sesabamis samarTlis sistemas, xolo samarTlis sistemaSi
romanul-germanuli samarTlis sistemis qveynebSi sisx- arsebuli samarTlebrivi institutebis daxvewiloba Sesa-
lis saproceso samarTlis wyarod aRiarebulia kanoni, Zleblobas iZleva warmodgena viqonioT TviT xalxis mar-
xolo saerTo samarTlis sistemaSi Semavali qveynebi sa- TlSegnebis doneze. amitomac, sisxlis saproceso samarTlis
marTlis wyarod aRiareben `sasamarTlo precedents~. istoriuli ganviTarebis kuTxiT dainteresebam, sruliad
`sasamarTlo precedenti~ warmoadgens samomavlod gamosay- logikurad wamowia sakiTxi gadmovceT sisxlis saproceso
enebel samarTlebriv normas. rac imas niSnavs, rom: sasa- samarTlis ganviTarebis calkeuli etapebi.
marTlos gadawyvetileba, romelic miRebul iqna konkretul iuridiul literaturaSi zogjer saubroben sisxlis
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze, SemdgomSi savaldebulo xdeba saproceso samarTlis iseT istoriul tipebze, rogoricaa:
ara marto amave sasamarTlosaTvis, aramed imave instanci- monaTmflobeluri, feodaluri, burJuaziuli da social-
is an qvemdgomi sxva sasamarTlosTvisac analogiuri saqmee- isturi1; zogierTi avtori gvTavazobs iseT istoriul
bis ganxilvisas (inglisi, aSS, kanada). tipebs, rogoricaa: 1). pirvelyofili-Temuri; 2) uZvelesi
calke gamoyofen religiuri samarTlis sistemis qveyneb- civilizaciis (egvipte, babiloni da sxva); 3) klasikuri
sac, sadac samarTlis wyaroebia ZiriTadad yurani, keTil- (uZvelesi saberZneTi, uZvelesi romi); 4) adrindeli bral-
Sobiluri qcevis wesebi, Cveulebebi (afrika, madagaskari, debiTi (sabraldebo); 5) Suasaukuneebis inkviziciuri (sam-
indoeTi da bevri sxva muslimanuri qveyana). Zebro); 6) Tanamedrove humanuri, SejibrebiTi2; gadmoscemen
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis formebsac: braldebiTi (sa-
braldebo) procesi, samZebro (inkviziciuri) procesi,
$4. sisxlis saproceso samarTlis SejibrebiTi procesi, Sereuli procesi3.
formebi
1 Ì. À. ×åëüöîâ-Áåáóòîâ – Êóðñ óãîëîâíî-ïðîöåññóàëüíîãî ïðàâà, Ñ.
mecnierTa kvlevis sagania ara mxolod calkeuli sapro- Ïåòåðáóðã, 1995 ñ. 5-6.
2 Óãîëîâíî-ïðîöåññóàëüíîå ïðàâî Ðîññèéñêîé Ôåäåðàöèè, 2-îå èçäà-
ceso institutis warmomavloba da misi istoriuli ganvi- íèå, îòâ. ðåä. È.Ë. Ïåòðóõèí, Ì., 2006, ñ. 36-37.
Tareba, aramed TviTon sisxlis saproceso samarTalic. 3 Óãîëîâíûé ïðîöåññ, ó÷åáíèê ïîä. ðåä. Ãóöåíêî, Ê. Ô., Ì., 1998. ñ.
19-20.

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marTebulad migvaCnia sisxlis saproceso samarTlis iteba momdinareobs RmerTisgan da amitom mis dasadgenad
ganviTarebis etapebi gadmovceT sisxlis saproceso samar- mimarTavdnen iseT meTodebs, rogoric iyo orTabrZola,
Tlis formebis mixedviT. ramdenadac sazogadoebis ganvi- ordalebi, fici.
Tarebis ama Tu im safexurze moqmedebda an braldebiTi an procesis braldebiTi forma arsebobda e.w. monaTmflo-
samZebro, SejibrebiTi Tu Sereuli procesi. belur sazogadoebaSi da feodaluri sazogadoebis garkveul
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis braldebiTi formisaTvis periodamde (dasavleT evropaSi samZebro (inkviziciuri)
damaxasiaTebeli iyo is, rom bralmdebels gansakuTrebuli procesis niSnebi gaCnda XIII saukuneSi, Tumca mis parale-
mdgomareoba eWira. masze iyo damokidebuli sisxlissamarT- lurad iyo braldebiTi procesic).
lebrivi devnis dawyebac da Sewyvetac. bralmdeblad, Cveu- braldebiTi procesi Secvala samZebro (inkviziciurma)
lebriv gamodioda is piri, romelsac danaSaulis Cadenis procesma. aris mosazreba, rom samZebro (inkviziciuri)
Sedegad ziani miadga. braldebuli ki upirispirdeboda procesi nasesxebia saeklesio praqtikidan. magram imasac
bralmdebels sasamarTloSi da ekamaTeboda mas braldebis dasZenen, rom TviT kaTolikurma eklesiam SeiTvisa inkviz-
Taobaze, cdilobda gaebaTilebina braldeba. sasamarTlo ki iciuri procesis ZiriTadi principebi saero samarTlidan,
mxareTa Soris davas gadawyvetda im monacemebis safuZvelze, es principebi SemdgomSi ise daamuSava, ganaviTara, rom
rasac mxareebi warudgendnen mas. sasamarTlo gamodioda sxvadasxva saxelmwifoTa saproceso samarTalma masabaZ
arbitris rolSi, ar iRebda monawileobas mtkicebulebaTa nimuSad aqcia.
mopovebaSi, is mxolod Tvalyurs adevnebda, rom mxareTa samZebro (inkviziciuri) procesisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli
Soris kamaTi warmarTuliyo dadgenili wesebis dacviT da iyo is, rom braldebis funqcia, dacvis funqcia da sisxlis
gamohqonda gadawyvetileba. samarTlis saqmis gadawyvetis funqcia Tavmoyrili iyo erTi
procesis es forma braldebiTad iwodeboda imitom, rom pirovnebis mosamarTlis xelSi. is ganaxorcielebda konk-
gamokveTili iyo dazaralebulis, rogorc bralmdeblis retul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze gamoZiebis, braldebis
matareblis pozicia. misi nebis gamovlenaze iyo damokide- da garkveuli doziT dacvis funqciebsac. braldebuls
buli sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilva araviTari uflebebi ar gaaCnda, mas ar SeeZlo monawileo-
(sxvaTaSoris samoqalaqo saqmis ganxilvac), dazaralebulis ba mieRo sasamarTlo procesSi, daecva sakuTari Tavi
siCivari edeboda safuZvlad saqmis sasamarTloSi warmoebas. braldebisagan. is ufro aRiqmeboda gamokvlevis obieqtad
winasasamarTlo gamoZieba saerTod ar arsebobda, mtkiceb- da ara procesis subieqtad. dazaralebuli ki iTvleboda
ulebaTa Sekrebisa da maTi sasamarTloSi wardgenis tvir- mxolod da mxolod momCivnad. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom samZe-
Ti mTlianad mxareebze iyo gadasuli. bro (inkviziciuri) procesisaTvis mxareTa paeqroba
braldebiTi procesi iyo sajaro da zepiri. sasamarTlos sasamarTloSi ucxo iyo. iTvleboda, rom inkvizitor-mosa-
winaSe ar idga amocana sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze daed- marTle iyo valdebuli efiqra Seekriba saqmeze braldebu-
gina materialuri WeSmariteba. iTvleboda, rom WeSmar- lis rogorc mamxilebeli, ise gamamarTlebeli mtkicebule-

92 93
bebi. mosamarTle amodioda braldebulis braleulobis gawbilebas sxvis TvalSi da mosamarTlisaTvis warmoebis
prezumfciidan. braldebuls unda daemtkicebina Tavisi ar- dawyebis sababs Seadgenda, Sedegi ki sasjelis Sefardeba
abraleuloba. iyo. samZebro (inkviziciurma) procesma yvelaze ufro dax-
samZebro (inkviziciuri) procesi _ es iyo daxuruli vewili saxe miiRo e.w. feodalur sazogadoebaSi, absolu-
procesi, sasamarTlo sxdomaze xalxi ar daiSveboda, mosa- turi monarqiis dros (es exeba yvela saxelmwifos).
marTle saqmis gadawyvetis dros efuZneboda mxolod rac Seexeba sisxlis saproceso samarTlis Sereul
werilobiT masalas, dakiTxvis oqmebs da aqtebs, ar ax- formas, rogorc mas sisxlis samarTlis procesis Teo-
formas
denda braldebulis, mowmeebis dakiTxvas. riaSi eZaxian, man Secvala samZebro (inkviziciuri) pro-
samZebro (inkviziciur) procesTanaa uSualod dakavSire- cesi. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom samZebro (inkviziciur) proce-
buli wamebis meTodis gamoyeneba braldebulis mimarT, raTa sis Sesustebas xeli Seuwyo safrangeTis 1789 wlis
misgan mieRoT aRiareba danaSaulis Cadenis Sesaxeb. bralde- burJuaziulma revoluciam. mogvianebiT, dasavleT evropis
bulis mxridan danaSaulis Cadenis aRiareba iTvleboda sxva qveynebSic momxdarma revoluciebma uaryves samZebro
`mtkicebulebaTa dedoflad~ da sakmarisad msjvardebisaTvis. (inkviziciuri) procesi da gza dauloces sisxlis samar-
saerTod wameba ganixileboda, rogorc saSualeba dasakiTxi Tlis procesis e.w. burJuaziul formas, Sereul formas.
pirisagan Cvenebis misaRebad ama Tu im faqtTan dakavSirebiT. ratom ewoda sisxlis samarTlis procesis am formas
iyo aseTi xedvac gabatonebuli, rom qals ufro naklebad Sereuli. upirveles yovlisa imitom, rom masSi Sezavebuli
unda endo, misi Cveneba naklebad sarwmunoa, vidre mamaka- aRmoCnda samZebro (inkviziciuri) procesisa da SejibrebiTi
cisa; aseve Raribi adamianis mier micemuli Cveneba ufro procesis elementebi. amas mohyva is, rom TviTon sisxlis
naklebad sarwmunoa vidre mdidari adamianisa. samarTlis procesSi gamoikveTa ori ZiriTadi stadia, age-
samZebro (inkviziciuri) procesi krZalavda sasamarTlo buli or sxvadasxva principze: winaswari gamoZieba agebuli
sxdomaze xalxis daswrebas, magram samagierod moiwvevdnen samZebro principebze, gamoZiebas erTpirovnulad anxor-
maT ganaCenis aRsrulebis dros. ganaCenis gasaCivreba ar iyo cielebs gamomZiebeli. winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze bral-
gaTvaliswinebuli. ganaCenis gadasinjva (~revizia~) SesaZle- debuli ar warmoadgens mxares, is mxolod gamokvlevis
beli iyo saxelmwifo Tanamdebobis piris iniciativiT. obieqtia da saqmis sasamarTlo ganxilva
ganxilva, romelic mimdinare-
ganasxvavebdnen gamamtyunebel, gamamarTlebel ganaCensa obs sajarod, zepirad, SejibrebiTobis principis safuZvelze.
da ganaCens, romelic gansasjels tovebda eWvis qveS. es bralmdebeli, rogorc mxare sasamarTlos warudgens piris
eWvi, danaSaulis Cadenis Sesaxeb adamians mTeli sicocxlis braldebis damadasturebel mtkicebulebebs, xolo bral-
manZilze Sav laqad Tan dayveboda. debuli, rogorc mxare uflebamosilia imarTlos Tavi wayene-
samZebro (inkviziciuri) procesis Tanmdevi iyo `das- buli braldebisagan an TviTon an damcvelis daxmarebiT.
menis~ institutis gaaqtiureba, daxvewa (dasmena didi xnis Sereuli procesi uSvebda SejibrebiTi elementebis
winaTac arsebobda). dasmena niSnavda konkretuli piris gamovlenas winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze, (magaliTad,

94 95
damcvelis daSveba winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze). unda anglosaqsonuri samarTlis sistemis qveynebSi (inglisi,
aRiniSnos isic, rom sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis kanada, avstralia, aSS). istoriulad procesis es forma
saqmis ganxilva wminda SejibrebiT xasiaTs ar atarebda, Camoyalibda inglisSi, Semdeg gavrceleba hpova mis yofil
mosamarTle ar iyo mxareTa paeqrobis pasiuri mayurebeli, koloniebSi, TumcaRa unda iTqvas, rom SejibrebiTi pro-
igi aqtiurad xelmZRvanelobda sasamarTlo gamoZiebis mim- cesis niSnebi farTod gamoCnda romanul-germanuli (kon-
dinareobas, da mtkicebulebebs afasebda Sinagani rwmenis tinenturi) samarTlis sistemis qveynebis kanonmdeblobaSic.
safuZvelze. SejibrebiTi procesisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia, Semdegi speci-
amdenad, samZebro (inkviziciuri) da braldebiTi pro- fikuri niSnebi: saproceso funqciebi gamijnulia urTier-
cesebis elementebis gaerTianeba `Sereva~ iZleva safuZvels, Tisagan, sasamarTlo ganaxorcielebs mxolod marTlmsa-
procesis aseT sistemas ewodos Sereuli. magram, es ise ar julebis funqcias da braldebisa da dacvis mxareebs
unda gavigoT TiTqosda meqanikurad moxda ori sxvadasxva uqmnis saWiro pirobebs mtkicebulebaTa wardgenisaTvis,
formis procesebis elementebis gaerTianeba, ra Tqma unda maTi yovelmxrivi da sruli gamokvlevisaTvis. sasamarT-
ara. elementebi SemoqmedebiTad iqna damuSavebuli da faqto- loSi mxareTa dava monaTlulia, rogorc dava saxelmwi-
brivad miRebul iqna axali, erTiani procesis sistema, rom- fosa da moqalaqes Soris, romelmac Caidina danaSauli.
lis ZiriTad principad gamocxadda SejibrebiToba
SejibrebiToba, TumcaRa mosamarTle mxareTa am davaSi miukerZoebeli arbitria, is
inarCunebda samZebro (inkviziciuri) procesis elementebs. mxolod Tvalyurs adevnebs, rom ar dairRves kamaTis
Sereuli procesi win gadadgmuli nabiji iyo samZebro wesebi da gamoavlinos gamarjvebuli. sasamarTlo mtkice-
(inkviziciur) procesTan SedarebiT, progresuli iyo im- bulebebs afasebs Sinagani rwmenis safuZvelze, TumcaRa
denad, ramdenadac masSi aisaxa iseTi demokratiuli insti- SenarCunebulia formalur mtkicebulebaTa Teoriis
tutebi, rogoricaa: sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis Seji- garkveuli elementebic, magaliTad, Tu braldebuli aRi-
brebiToba, braldebulis ufleba dacvaze, sajarooba, arebs brals safuZvelia gamamtyunebeli ganaCenis gamosa-
zepiroba, am demokratiuli institutebis danergviT didi tanad. SejibrebiToba figurirebs winaswari gamoZiebis
kulturuli winsvla moxda marTlmsajulebis ganxor- stadiazec. ase magaliTad, inglisSi bralmdebeli damoukide-
cielebisa da organizaciis sferoSi. blad moipovebs mtkicebulebebs da warudgens mas mom-
Sereulma procesma upirvelesi asaxva hpova safrange- rigebel mosamarTles, es ukanaskneli gamoiZaxebs bralde-
Tis sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsSi (1808 w) da buls, warudgens braldebis damadasturebel monacemebs da
SemdgomSi gavrcelda sxva qveynebis kanonmdeblobaSic aZlevs gansazRvrul dros, Tavis dacvis mizniT Sekribos
(upiratesad kontinentur evropaSi, germaniaSi, italiaSi, da warmoadginos mtkicebulebebi. yvela aucilebel sapro-
avtriaSi, belgiaSi). ceso moqmedebas momrigebeli mosamarTle atarebs mxareTa
SejibrebiTi procesi. sisxlis saproceso samarTlis es (bralmdeblis, braldebulis) moTxovniT. sasamarTlo
forma ufro Tanamedrovea da ZiriTadad adgils ikavebs gamoZieba iyofa or nawilad, pirveli nawili eTmoba bralm-

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debels, sadac igi warmoadgens Tavis mtkicebulebebs da magram miuxedavad didi gansxvavebisa, sisxlis saproceso
aqedan gamomdinare argumentacias piris braleulobis Ses- samarTals, rogorc samarTlis erTiani sistemis Semadgenel
axeb; meore nawili mTlianad eTmoba braldebulsa da mis nawils kavSiri aqvs samarTlis sxva dargebTan.
damcvels, romlebic braldebis sawinaaRmdegod warmoadgenen gansakuTrebuli mWidro kavSiri arsebobs sisxlis sap-
Tavis mtkicebulebebs da mosazrebebs. mosamarTle, rogorc roceso samarTalsa da materialur sisxlis samarTals
wesi ar ereva maT kamaTSi. Soris. maT Soris mWidro kavSirs xazi, rom gausvan mec-
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis zemoT dasaxelebulma nierebi SeniSnaven xolme _ sisxlis saproceso samarTali
formebma, es iqneba: braldebiTi, samZebro (inkviziciuri),
(inkviziciuri) sisxlis samarTlis garSe usagno iqnebodao. es naTqvami
Sereuli Tu SejibrebiTi,
SejibrebiTi Tavis droze didi roli iTamaSa misaRebia, ramdenadac mxolod sisxlis samarTali gansaz-
ama Tu im qveynis samarTlis kulturaSi. isini erTmaneTs Rvravs Tu ra aris danaSauli, romeli qmdeba (moqmedeba
enacvlebodnen, qmnidnen ufro daxvewil, progresul sap- an umoqmedeba) CaiTvalos danaSaulad da rogori iuridi-
roceso institutebs da safuZvels imisa, rom ufro meti uli Sedegi mohyves mis Cadenas. xolo sisxlis saproceso
yuradRebis qveS moqceuliyo adamiani, Tavisi uflebebiT, samarTlis normebiT gansazRvrulia, rogor, rogori Tan-
TavisuflebebiT da kanonieri interesebiT. magram Tu, ram- mimdevrobiT dadgindes danaSaulis Semadgenlobis arse-
denad xorcieldeba adamianis uflebebis, Tavisuflebebis, boba ama Tu im qmedebaSi, rogor dadgindes danaSaulis
kanonieri interesebis dacva ama Tu im qveynis kanonmdeblo- Camdeni konkretuli piri. zemoT gadmocemuli, praqtikulad
biT, es damokidebulia TviT qveynis ekonomikur, politikur, imas niSnavs, rom sisxlis samarTlis normebis gamoyeneba
socialur, ideologiur da mTel rig garemoebebze. amitom, gaZneldeboda sisxlis saproceso samarTlis gareSe, xolo
sulac ar aris gasakviri, Tuki sisxlis saproceso samar- am ukanasknelis normebi dakargavdnen azrs, usargeblo
Tlis xsenebuli formebi sxvadasxva qveyanaSi garkveuli iqnebodnen sisxlis samarTlis normebis gareSe. SeiZleba
TaviseburebebiT gvxvdeba, TumcaRa inarCuneben im saerTo iTqvas, rom orives arseboba erTmaneTs avsebs da efeqturs
niSnebs, romelic damaxasiaTebelia procesis calkeuli xdis danaSaulis winaaRmdeg brZolas.
formisaTvis. sisxlis saproceso samarTals kavSiri aqvs samoqalaqo
saproceso samarTalTan
samarTalTan. samarTlis es ori dargi awesrigebs
marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis sferoSi aRmocenebul
$5. sisxlis saproceso samarTali iuridiul urTierTobebs. amitom maT aqvT mTeli rigi msgavsi insti-
mecnierebaTa sistemaSi tutebi da principebi, mtkicebis erTnairi saSualebebi. maT
Soris arsebulma kavSirma, zogierT mecniers gauRviZa idea,
sisxlis saproceso samarTals, rogorc samarTlis erT-
sisxlisa da samoqalaqo samarTlis saqmeTa gansaxilvelad
erT dargs aqvs normaTa erToblioba, Tavisi regulirebis
Seqmniliyo erTiani saproceso kodeqsi. aris mosazreba imis
sagani, riTac igi gansxvavdeba samarTlis sxva dargebisagan.
Sesaxebac, rom sisxlis saproceso samarTali da samoqalaqo

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saproceso samarTali samosamarTlo samarTlis Semadgeneli xSirad gamxdara sisxlis saproceso samarTlis kuTvnili
nawilebia.mosazrebebi sainteresoa, problematuri da instituti. ase magaliTad, sagamoZiebo eqsperimenti, Cven-
damoukidebel kvlevas moiTxovs. ebis adgilze Semowmeba, amosacnobad wardgena pirvelad
sisxlis saproceso samarTals udavod mWidro kavSiri kriminalistikis mecnierebaSi aRmocendnen, rogorc taqti-
aqvs, iseT iuridiul mecnierebasTan, rogoricaa kriminal- kuri xerxebi, da SemdgomSi maT asaxva hpoves sisxlis
istika. kriminalistika Tavdapirvelad xom sisxlis samar-
istika saproceso samarTalSi damoukidebeli sagamoZiebo moqmede-
Tlis procesis mecnierebaSi Camoyalibda. mas miiCnevdnen bebis saxiT.
sisxlis samarTlis procesis gagrZelebad. siaxlove sisx- kavSiri ikveTeba sisxlis saproceso samarTalsa da
lis saproceso samarTalsa da kriminalistikas Soris, kriminilogias Soris. Tu kriminologiis amocanaa: daadgi-
SeiZleba aseTi sityvebiTac gamovxatoT: kriminalistika nos danaSaulis Cadenis mizezebi da pirobebi, SeimuSaos
emsaxureba sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi normebis re- maTi aRmofxvris gzebi da saSualebebi, sisxlis saproceso
alizaciis taqtikur-teqnikuri meTodebis SemuSavebas. Tu samarTali gansazRvravs gamoZiebisa da sasamarTlo orga-
sisxlis saproceso samarTali Seiswavlis da gansazRvravs noebis reagirebis saproceso formebs danaSaulis Cadenis
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebisa da sasamarTloSi mizezebisa da pirobebis aRmofxvrisaTvis, amave dros adgens
saqmis ganxilvis saproceso wess, adgens calkeul saga- Sesabamisi wardginebis an sasamarTlos kerZo ganCinebis
moZiebo moqmedebaTa Catarebis procedurul wess; kriminal- Setanis wesebsa da pirobebs.
istika SeimuSavebs im teqnikur saSualebebs, taqtikur sisxlis saproceso samarTals kavSiri aqvs iseT damx-
xerxebsa da meTodebs, romelTa gamoyenebiTac calkeuli mare iuridiul disciplinebTan, rogoricaa: sasamarTlo
saproceso moqmedeba Sedegiani xdeba. mxolod da mxolod medicina, sasamarTlo fsiqiatria.
sisxlisa da sisxlis saproceso normebis gamoyenebiT sasamarTlo medicina _ medicinis mecnierebis dargia,
SeuZlebelia Sedegiani aRmoCndes esa Tu is saproceso mo- misi miRwevebi xSirad gamoyenebadia sisxlis samarTlis
qmedeba. saproceso moqmedebis Catarebas maSin aqvs azri, saqmeTa sworad da obieqturad gamoZiebisaTvis da sasamarT-
rodesac igi garkveul cnobebs iZleva ama Tu im faqtTan loSi saqmis ganxilvisaTvis. ase magaliTad, sikvdilis gamom-
dakavSirebiT. aseTi cnobebis miReba ki SesaZlebeli xdeba, wvevi mizezebis gamosavlenad, adamianis asakis dasadgenad,
kriminalistikis mier mowodebuli teqnikuri saSualebebis, sisxlis jgufis gansazRvrisaTvis da a.S. iniSneba xolme sasa-
taqtikuri xerxebis, meTodebisa da rekomendaciebis gziT, marTlo samedicino eqspertiza, romlis drosac gamokvleva
romlebic ra Tqma unda Tu ar ewinaaRmdenebian saproceso unda Catardes saproceso wesebisa da saproceso normebis
kanonis moTxovnebs. dacviT. xolo sasamarTlo-samedicino eqspertis mier
sisxlis saproceso samarTlisa da kriminalistikis momzadebuli daskvna ki, iseve, rogorc yvela sxva saxis
mecnierebis axlo kavSirze isic metyvelebs, rom kriminal- eqspertis daskvna iTvleba mtkicebulebis erT-erT saxed.
istikis mecnierebis mier SemuSavebuli taqtikuri xerxi igive SeiZleba iTqvas sasamarTlo fsiqiatriazec
fsiqiatriazec.

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gamomZiebeli, mosamarTle (sasamarTlo) xSirad mimarTaven isa da institutebis yovelmxriv SeswavlasTan, analizTan
xolme dasaxmareblad sasamarTlo fsiqiatrebs. gansa- erTad unda moxdes maTi istoriuli kuTxiTac gamokvleva,
kuTrebiT maSin, rodesac wamoiWreba sakiTxi braldebulis danaxva, maTi srulyofis mizniT. e.i. axsnili unda iyos
(gansasjelis) Seracxaobis Sesaxeb. aqac pirovnebis gamokv- yvela is obieqturi kanonzomiereba, romelic safuZvlad
levis dros ama Tu im meTodis gamoyenebis dros daculi daedo ama Tu im saproceso normis Tu institutis aRmo-
unda iyos sisxlis saproceso samarTlis normebis moTx- cenebas. maSasadame, sisxlis saproceso mecnierebam unda
ovnebi da wesebi. xolo sasamarTlo fsiqiatris mier axsnas, daadginos da miuTiTos Tu ra obieqturi garemoe-
momzadebuli daskvna iTvleba mtkicebulebis saxed, romlis bebi ganapirobeben ama Tu im saproceso normebisa Tu in-
Semowmebisa da Sefasebis sakiTxebi, aseve mowesrigebulia stitutebis mocemuli saxiT Camoyalibebas.
sisxlis saproceso samarTliT. sisxlis saproceso samarTlis mecnierebam, rom axsnas
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobis ganviTare-
$6. sisxlis saproceso samarTali, rogorc bis kanonzomiereba, srulyos saproceso normebisa da in-
mecniereba. stitutebis Sinaarsi, unda moaxdinos sxvadasxva qveynebis
sisxlis saproceso kanonmdeblobis Seswavla, analizi, maTi
sisxlis saproceso samarTali, rogorc mecniereba iu-
sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo praqtikis ganzogadeba. dain-
ridiuli mecnierebis nawilia. igi aris erTian sistemaSi
teresdes yovelive axali institutiT, daxvewili, sru-
moyvanili codna saerTod sisxlis samarTlis procesze da
lyofili saproceso normiT, ramdenad efeqturad muSaoben
sisxlis saproceso samarTalze, rogorc samarTlis darg-
isini da uzrunvelyofen sisxlis samarTlis procesis
ze. e.i. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom sisxlis saproceso samarTlis,
miznis miRwevas. axali saproceso institutis Tu daxvewili
rogorc mecnierebis Seswavlis sagania: sisxlis saproceso
samarTlis normis aRmoCena romelime sxva qveynis sapro-
samarTlis Teoria, romelic SeimuSavebs: a) danaSaulis
ceso kanonmdeblobaSi imas ar niSnavs, rom igi Cveni qveynis
winaaRmdeg brZolis demokratiul principebs, formebs da
kanonmdeblobaSi meqanikurad aisaxos, mecnierebis daniS-
saSualebas; b) ayalibebs axal saproceso institutebs da
nulebaa axali saproceso institutebi Tu saproceso
iZleva maT ganmartebas; g) Seiswavlis sisxlis saproceso
normebi Seiswavlos, axsnas maTi warmoSobis obieqturi
samarTlis ganviTarebis kanonzomierebas; d) Teoriulad
garemoebani da ise miusadagos sazogadoebriv yofierebas,
gaiazrebs sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobis
sazogadoebis moTxovnebs.
praqtikulad (realurad) gamoyenebis SesaZleblobas.
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis mecniereba ZiebaSi unda
magram, sisxlis saproceso samarTlis mecnierebis Ses-
iyos, ikvlevdes, nergavdes da ganmartebas aZlevdes axal
wavla ver moxerxdeba srulyofilad, Tu swavleba dae-
saproceso institutebsa Tu saproceso normebs, realobi-
fuZneba mxolod da mxolod arsebuli saproceso normeb-
dan gamomdinare unda Wvretdes mosalodnel saproceso
isa da institutebis aRweras. moqmedi saproceso normeb-
urTierTobebs da sakanonmdeblo xarvezis Tavidan acileb-

102 103
is mizniT srulyofdes saproceso kanonmdeblobas. marteba da saboloo jamSi axali sisxlis samarTlis
danaSaulma, romelmac ar icis saxelmwifos sazRvrebi saproceso kanonmdeblobis Seqmna.
da erTnairad miuRebelia nebismieri saxelmwifos sazoga- qarTveli da ucxoeli mecnierebis publikaciebSi, dis-
doebisaTvis, sasurveli iqneba Tu mis winaaRmde sabrZolve- kusiebi mimarTulia iqiTken, rom xeli Seuwyon saproceso
lad, sisxlis saproceso samarTlis mecniereba izrunebs normebis, rogorc xarisxian komentars, ise axali sapro-
daaxlovos sxvadasxva qveynebis saproceso kanonmdebloba ceso institutebis amoqmedebas.
erTmaneTTan. amdenad, sisxlis saproceso samarTlis mecniereba, esaa
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis mecnierebam srulyo- moZRvreba sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobis
filebas, rom miaRwios farTod unda gamoiyenos kvlevis ganviTarebisa da srulyofis kanonzomierebaTa Sesaxeb.
iseTi meTodebi, rogoricaa: istoriul-samarTlebrivi,
SedarebiTi-samarTlebrivi, formalur-logikuri, sociolo-
giuri, statistikuri da yvela is meTodi, romelic uz-
runvelyofs mis ganviTarebas da sazogadoebrivi moTxov-
nilebis dakmayofilebas.
sisxlis saproceso samarTlis mecnierebis safuZvlebi
mravali saukunis winaT aRmocenda. es safuZvlebi gvxvdeba
rogorc evropis, ise aziis, amerikis qveynebSi. qarTuli
samarTlis istoriamac Semogvinaxa uZvelesi samarTlis
Zeglebi, dawyebuli bagrat kurapalatis samarTlis wigniT
da damTavrebuli vaxtang VI samarTlis wigniT, romlebic
metyveleben aRniSnuli mecnierebis wanamZRvrebis Sesaxeb.
sazogadoebrivi cnobierebis amaRlebasTan erTad sru-
lyofilebas moiTxovs yovelive garemomcveli, romelic
sazogadoebas gars akravs. maT Soris daxvewas iTxovs sap-
roceso normebic da institutebic. gansakuTrebuli yura-
dReba mainc gadatanilia saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis
saproceso kanonmdeblobis srulyofasa da daxvewaze. es
yuradReba gamowveulia qveyanaSi Secvlili politikuri
viTarebiT, romelsac Sedegad mohyva axali samarTlebrivi
urTierTobebis, axali saproceso normebisa da institute-
bis gaCena, maT ki, Sesabamisad moiTxoves axleburi gan-

104 105
Tavi III igulisxmeba), rogorc amas ambobs saqarTvelos konsti-
tuciis 68-e muxlis meeqvse nawili ZalaSi Sedis misi
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis oficialur organoSi gamoqveynebidan meTxuTmete dRes, Tu
moqmedebis farglebi sxva vada ar aris dadgenili. Tu saproceso kanonSi mi-
TiTebulia misi ZalaSi Sesvlis vada, vTqvaT 2008 wlis 1
$1. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis dekemberi, igi moqmedebas iwyebs am vadis dadgomis dRi-
moqmedeba droSi dan.
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis droSi moqmede-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebisa Tu sasamarT-
basTan mimarTebaSi, yovelTvis wamoiwevs xolme sakiTxi _
loSi saqmis ganxilvisas, didi mniSvneloba aqvs codnas
saproceso kanons aqvs Tu ara ukuqceviTi Zala, e.i. vr-
imis Sesaxeb romeli saproceso kanoniT isargeblos,
celdeba Tu ara igi im urTierTobebze da faqtebze, rom-
rogorc procesis mwarmoebelma pirma (gamomZiebeli, proku-
lebsac adgili hqondaT mis ZalaSi Sesvlamde. amasTan
rori, mosamarTle, sasamarTlo) ise procesis sxva monawilem
dakavSirebiT saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso
(dazaralebulma, eWvmitanilma, braldebulma da a.S.). am
kodeqsis mesame muxlis meore nawili, Semdeg ganmartebas
sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT pasuxs iZleva saqarTvelos sisxlis
iZleva: `sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonSi Setanili
samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis mesame muxlis pirveli
cvlilebebi iwvevs winaT gamotanili saproceso aqtis
nawili, sadac naTqvamia: `sisxlis samarTlis procesSi
gauqmebas an Secvlas, Tu amiT umjobesdeba eWvmitanilis,
gamoiyeneba sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanoni, romelic
braldebulis, gansasjelis, msjavrdebulis mdgomareoba~.
moqmedebs winaswari gamoZiebisa da sasamarTlo ganxilvis
amdenad, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom saproceso kanons ukuqcevi-
dros~. upiratesoba moqmed, axal saproceso kanons imitom
Ti Zala mxolod da mxolod im gamonaklis SemTxvevaSi
eZleva, rom igulisxmeba igi ufro daxvewili SinaarsiTaa
aqvs, rodesac saproceso kanonSi Setanili cvlilebebi
warmodgenili vidre Zveli. is ufro srulyofilad awes-
iwvevs winaT gamotanili saproceso aqtis gauqmebas an
rigebs saproceso moqmedebebis Catarebis wess da amave
Secvlas da amiT umjobesdeba eWvmitanilis, braldebulis,
dros, uzruvnelyofs procesis monawileTa kanoniT mini-
gansasjelis, msjavrdebulis mdgomareoba. ase magaliTad,
Webuli uflebebis realizebas. e.i. qmnis samarTliani mar-
moqmedi sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi sawyis
Tlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis garantias.
etapze iTvaliswinebda saqmis gamoZiebisas braldebulis 3
rodesac saubaria moqmedi saproceso kanonis gamoyen-
TviT patimrobas. SemdegSi, rodesac sssk-is 162-e muxlSi
ebaze, bunebrivad Cndeba kiTxva, rodis iZens saproceso
cvlileba ganxorcielda braldebulis patimrobis vada 2
kanoni iuridiul Zalas, rodis amoqmeddeba igi, da saval-
TviT ganisazRvra. Tu piri braldebulis saxiT dapatimre-
debulo xdeba misi gamoyeneba. amasTan dakavSirebiT unda
buli iyo aRniSnul muxlSi cvlilebebis Setanamde da
gvaxsovdes, rom kanoni (maT Soris saproceso kanonic
Sefardebuli hqonda 3 TviT patimroba, masze unda gavr-

106 107
celdes cvlilebis Semdeg miRebuli patimrobis 2 Tviani procesi uSvebs gauTvaliswinebeli saproceso urTierTobis
vada. an/da moqmedi sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi samarTlebrivi mowesrigebisaTvis gamoyenebuli iqnes yve-
iTvaliswinebda eWvmitanilis uflebas Sexvedroda damcvels laze ufro msgavsi urTierTobis momwesrigebeli norma,
marto, dReSi ara umetes erTi saaTisa. magram mas Semdeg, Tu amasTan erTad ar ilaxeba adamianis uflebebi.
rodesac sssk-is 73-e muxlis pirveli nawilis d) punqtSi garda amisa aris meore SezRudvac, romlis Sesaxebac
cvlileba Sevida, eWvmitanils ufleba mieca pirispir kanonmdebeli saubrobs saqarTvelos sssk-is 133-e muxlis
marto Sexvedrisa damcvelTan, Sexvedris raodenobisa da meore nawilSi: `sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi iZuleb-
xangrZlivobis SeuzRudavad. Tu piri eWvmitanilis saxiT is gamoyenebisas analogiis an kanonis ganvrcobiTi gan-
dakavebuli iyo aRniSnul muxlSi cvlilebebis Setanamde, marteba dauSvebelia~. kanonmdeblis aseTi imperatiuli
da mas mouswro cvlilebam 73-e muxlis pirveli nawilis akrZalva gasagebia, rameTu sisxlis saproceso samarT-
d) punqtSi, masze unda gavrceldes cvlilebis Semdeg lebrivi iZulebis RonisZiebis gamoyeneba niSnavs ra adami-
miRebuli ufleba Sexvdes damcvels marto pirispir, Sex- anis ama Tu im ZiriTadi uflebis SezRudvas, nebadarTuli
vedris raodenobisa da xangrZlivobis SeuzRudavad. Tu unda iyos mxolod kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi.
aRniSnuli cvlilebiT umjobesdeba dazaralebulis, samo- Tu danaSaulis simZimis xarisxidan gamomdinare kanoni ar
qalaqo mosarCelis mdgomareoba gamodis saproceso kanons iTvaliswinebs piris mimarT iseTi aRmkveTi RonisZiebis
maSin ar miecema ukuqceviTi Zala. gamoyenebas, rogoricaa patimroba, igi ar unda iqnes gamoy-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis droSi moqmede- enebuli. magaliTad, cemisa da janmrTelobis ganzrax msub-
bas unda daukavSiroT saproceso kanonmdeblobaSi xarvez- uqi dazianebis dros.
is arsebobis sakiTxic. sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo praq-
tikaSi SeiZleba Seiqmnas iseTi viTareba, rodesac samarT-
lebrivi TvalsazrisiT gansaxilveli da gadasawyveti $2. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis
sakiTxi ar iyos gaTvaliswinebuli da mowesrigebuli sap- moqmedeba sivrceSi
roceso samarTlis arcerT normaSi. sakiTxi ki iTxovs
rodesac vexebiT sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis
mowesrigebas, rogori moviqceT mivmarToT saproceso
moqmedebas sivrceSi, wina planze wamoiwevs teritoriulo-
kanonis analogiiT gamoyenebas? dasaSvebia igi sisxlis
bis principi. es principi Cadebulia saqarTvelos sisxlis
samarTlis procesSi? amasTan dakavSirebiT pasuxs iZleva
samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis meoTxe muxlis pirvel
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis meS-
nawilSi, sadac naTqvamia: `danaSaulis Cadenis adgilis
vide muxlis meoTxe nawili, sadac naTqvamia: `kanonmde-
miuxedavad, sisxlis samarTlis procesi saqarTvelos
blobaSi xarvezebis arsebobisas dasaSvebia sisxlis samar-
teritoriaze xorcieldeba saqarTvelos konstituciisa da
Tlis saproceso kanonis analogiiT gamoyeneba, Tu amiT ar
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobis
ilaxeba adamianis uflebebi~. maSasadame, sisxlis samarTlis

108 109
Sesabamisad~. aRniSnuli normis Sinaarsi saubrobs saqarT- velos gemze danaSaulis Cadenisas gavrceldes mxolod
velos konstituciasTan erTad sisxlis samarTlis sapro- TurqeTis iurisdiqcia, gamoyenebuli iqneba TurqeTis sisx-
ceso kanonmdeblobis iuridiul Zalaze konkretulad lis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdebloba da ara saqarT-
gansazRvrul geografiul sivrceSi. kerZod miuxedavad velosi.
imisa, saqarTvelos teritoriis romel nawilSi iqneba saerTod, unda iTqvas, rom saqarTvelos sisxlis sa-
danaSauli Cadenili samarTalwarmoeba ganxorcieldeba marTlis kanoni aRiarebs `sayovelTaobis~ anu `suyvelgano-
saqarTvelos konstituciisa da saqarTvelos sisxlis sa- bis~ princips. romlis mixedviTac qarTul gemze, romelic
marTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobis Sesabamisad. imyofeba TurqeTis navsadgurSi da masze moxda danaSauli,
magram, naTeli rom iyos saproceso kanonis sivrceSi am qmedebis mimarT gavrceldeba rogorc saqarTvelos, aseve
moqmedebis sakiTxi, mizanSewonilia ganisazRvros, Tu ra TurqeTis iurisdiqcia. e.i. damnaSaves, Tavisi sisxlis sa-
moiazreba cnebaSi `teritoria~. mas miekuTvneba: qveynis marTlis kanonisa da saproceso kanonmdeblobis gamoyenebiT
mTeli miwis teritoria (xmeleTi) saqarTvelos saxelmwifo gaasamarTlebs is saxelmwifo, romelsac xelSi Cauvardeba
sazRvris farglebSi; teritoriuli sanapiro wylebi (e.i. marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis Camdeni1.
garkveuli siganis zRvis zoli), Sinagani nacionaluri saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmde-
wylebi (mdinareebi, tbebi, xelovnuri wyalsacavebi da a.S.); bloba SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnes ucxo saxelmwifos
miwis wiaRi saxelmwifos sazRvrebis farglebSi; sahaero teritoriazedac, Tu es gaTvaliswinebuli iqneba saerTa-
sivrce saqarTvelos saxelmwifos miwisa da wylis teri- Soriso xelSekrulebiTa da SeTanxmebiT.
toriis zeviT. saqarTvelos saxelmwifo teritoriad iTvleba, aseve
saqarTvelos saxelmwifos teritoriad iTvleba saqarT- misi saelCos teritoria ucxo saxelmwifoSi, romelzedac
velos droSiT an amosacnobi niSniT saqarTvelos farglebs vrceldeba saqarTvelos iurisdiqcia. Tu, saqarTvelos
gareT myofi sahaero Tu sazRvao xomaldi. aRniSnul xomal- moqalaqe, romelic diplomatiuri imunitetiT sargeblobs,
debze Tu Cadenili iqna danaSauli an sxva marTlsawinaaRm- agreTve sazRvargareT myofi misi ojaxis wevrebi Caidenen
dego qmedeba, samarTalwarmoebis dros gamoyenebuli iqneba danaSauls da nebayoflobiT ar daTanxmdebian adgilsamyo-
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdebloba, feli qveynis kanonmdeblobis gamoyenebaze, maTze gavrcel-
Tu saqarTvelos saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebiTa da SeT- deba saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmde-
anxmebiT sxva ram ar aris dadgenili. ra vigulisxmoT bloba.
kanonmdeblis am bolo gamonaTqvamSi. moviyvanoT aseTi gamonaklis SemTxvevebSi, Tu es gaTvaliswinebulia
magaliTi: qarTuli gemi imyofeba TurqeTis navsadgurSi da saqarTvelosa da romelime ucxo saxelmwifos Soris dade-
gemze moxda danaSauli. Tu saqarTvelosa da TurqeTis buli saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebiT an SeTanxmebiT, saqarT-
saxelmwifoebs Soris dadebuli iqneba saerTaSoriso
1 m. turava, sisxlis samarTali, zogadi nawilis mimoxilva, Tb., 2002
xelSekruleba imis Taobaze, rom aseT SemTxvevaSi saqarT- w. gv. 16.

110 111
velos teritoriaze ucxo saxelmwifos sasamarTlosa Tu Taurebi sxva saxelmwifoSi oficialuri vizitiT yofnisas,
sagamoZiebo organoebis SuamdgomlobiT garkveuli sasa- saparlamento da samTavrobo delegaciebis wevrebi da zo-
marTlo Tu sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebis dros SeiZle- gierTi sxva. diplomatiuri imunitetis mqone pirebisa da
ba gamoynebul iqnes ucxo saxelmwifos sisxlis samarTlis maTi ojaxis wevrebis mimarT saqarTvelos sisxlis samar-
saproceso kanonmdebloba. amasTan unda gvaxsovdes, rom Tlis saproceso kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebuli saproceso
sasamarTlo moqmdeba Catardeba saqarTvelos iusticiis moqmedeba tardeba mxolod maTi TxovniT an TanxmobiT.
ministris davalebiT, xolo sagamoZiebo moqmedeba Sesrul- dauSvebelia aRniSnul pirTa dakaveba, moyvana, dapatimreba.
deba saqarTvelos generaluri prokuroris an mis mier saproceso moqmedebaTa Catarebis Sesaxeb Txovna an Tanx-
saamiso uflebamosilebiT aRWurvili prokuroris moba, diplomatiuri imunitetis mqone pirebisagan gamoTx-
davalebiT. ovil unda iqnes saqarTvelos sagareo saqmeTa saministros
meSveobiT. aseve, diplomatiuri warmomadgenlobis mier
dakavebul SenobaSi da teritoriaze daTvaliereba, Cxreka,
$3. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis amoReba da sxva saproceso moqmedeba tardeba mxolod
moqmdeba ucxo saxelmwifos moqalaqisa da diplomatiuri warmomadgenlobis meTauris TxovniT an Tanx-
moqalaqeobis armqone pirTa mimarT mobiT, es Txovna an Tanxmoba gamoTxovil unda iqnes saqarT-
velos sagareo saqmeTa saministros meSveobiT. diplomati-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanoni vrceldeba
uri warmomadgenlobis mier dakavebul SenobaSi daTvaliere-
rogorc saqarTvelos moqalaqeebze, ise ucxo saxelmwifos
bis, Cxrekis, amoRebis Tu sxva saproceso moqmedebis
moqalaqeebze da moqalaqeobis armqone pirebzec.
Catarebisas monawileobas unda iRebdes prokurori da
ucxo saxelmwifos moqalaqeebidan unda gamovyoT is
saqarTvelos sagareo saqmeTa saministros warmomadgeneli.
pirebi da maTi ojaxis wevrebi, romlebic sargebloben
SevexeT ra ucxo saxelmwifos moqalaqeTa diploma-
diplomatiuri imunitetiT. aseTi CamonaTvali mocemulia
tiur imunitets saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis sapro-
saerTaSoriso samarTlebriv aqtebSi. maT Soris venis 1961
ceso kanonmdeblobis gavrcelebis kuTxiT, mizanSewonilia
wlis saerTaSoriso konvenciaSi diplomatiur urTierTo-
aqve gamovyoT saqarTvelos moqalaqeTa garkveuli wre,
baTa Sesaxeb, aseve venis 1962 wlis konvenciaSi sakonsulo
romlebic maRali Tanamdebobis gamo garkveuli privilegie-
urTierTobaTa Sesaxeb, venis 1975 wlis konvenciaSi uni-
biT sargebloben. am maRali Tanamdebobis pirebs miekuT-
versaluri xasiaTis saerTaSoriso organizaciebTan saxelm-
vnebian: saqarTvelos prezidenti, saqarTvelos parlamentis
wifoTa warmomadgenlobis Sesaxeb. aseTi uflebis matareb-
wevri, saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasamarTlos wevri,
el pirebad SeiZleba davasaxeloT diplomatiuri warmo-
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos wevri da saqarTvelos
madgenlobis xelmZRvanelebi, elCebi, despanebi, saelCoTa
sxva saerTo sasamarTlos mosamarTle, saqarTvelos kon-
mrCevlebi, maTi ojaxis wevrebi, ucxo saxelmwifoTa me-
trolis palatis Tavmjdomare, saqarTvelos saxalxo dam-

112 113
cveli. aRniSnuli Tanamdebobis pirebis privilegiebiT los. Tu uzenaesma sasamarTlom Tavisi daskvniT daadas-
aRWurva ganpirobebulia imiT, rom uzrunvelyofili iqnes tura prezidentis qmedebaSi danaSaulis Semadgenlobis
saxelisuflebo Stos damoukidebloba, romlebsac isini arseboba, an sakonstitucio sasamarTlom-konstituciis
warmoadgenen, da aqedan gamomdinare Seiqmnas normaluri darRveva, daskvnis ganxilvis Semdeg parlamenti sruli
pirobebi Sesabamisi saxelmwifo funqciis efeqturad ganx- Semadgenlobis umravlesobiT iRebs gadawyvetilebas, rom
orcielebisaTvis. maRali Tanamdebobis pirebis privilegie- kenWisyraze daisvas impiCmentis wesiT Tanamdebobidan pr-
biT aRWurva sulac ar niSnavs imas, rom Tu isini danaSauls ezidentis gadayenebis sakiTxi. prezidenti impiCmentis
Caidenen dausjelni darCebian. aq saubaria aRniSnuli pire- wesiT Tanamdebobidan gadayenebulad CaiTvleba, Tu am gad-
bis mimarT sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis, da- awyvetilebas mxari dauWira parlamentis sruli Semadgen-
patimrebisa da sisxlis samarTlis saproceso iZulebis lobis aranakleb orma mesamedma.
sxva RonisZiebis gamoyenebis im gansakuTrebul wesze, rac Seexeba saqarTvelos parlamentis wevrs, isic
romelic gamokveTa kanonmdebelma saqarTvelos konstitu- Tavisi uflebamosilebis periodSi sargeblobs garkveuli
ciaSi, saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kode- privilegiebiT. kerZod, Tu ar iqna saqarTvelos parlamen-
qsSi da sxva kanonebSi. tis Tanxmoba, ar daiSveba parlamentis wevris dakaveba an
ase magaliTad, saqarTvelos konstituciis 75-e muxli dapatimreba, misi binis, manqanis, samuSao adgilis an pi-
SeniSnavs, rom: saqarTvelos prezidenti xelSeuvalia. radi gaCxreka. gamonaklisia danaSaulis faqtze waswreba,
Tanamdebobaze yofnis dros ar SeiZleba misi dapatimreba aseT SemTxvevaSi saqarTvelos parlamentis wevri SeiZleba
an sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micema. saqarTvelos dakavebul iqnes da wardgenili policiis dawesebulebaSi
sssk-is 144-e muxlic dasZens, rom: saqarTvelos preziden- an sxva samarTaldamcav organoSi. magram misi dakavebis
tis dakaveba maSinac ki ar daiSveba, Tundac mas waaswron Taobaze dauyovnebliv unda ecnobos parlaments. Tu par-
danaSaulis Cadenisas an CadenisTanave. saqarTvelos prezi- lamenti ar miscems Tanxmobas parlamentis wevris dakave-
dentis xelSeuvalobis garantia ar niSnavs imas, rom Tu bis Taobaze, igi dauyovnebliv unda gaTavisufldes.
igi Caidens danaSauls mas pasuxismgebloba ar daekisreba. xelSeuxeblobis uflebiT sargeblobs mosamarTle. es
ra Tqma unda mas pasuxismgebloba daekisreba, magram saubar- iqneba saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos wevri, sakonsti-
ia pasuxismgeblobis gansakuTrebul wesze, romelic gan- tucio sasamarTlos wevri Tu saqarTvelos sxva saerTo
sazRvrulia saqarTvelos konstituciis 63-e muxliT, sasamarTlos mosamarTle mniSvneloba ara aqvs. ar daiS-
kerZod, Tu saqarTvelos prezidenti daarRvevs konstitu- veba dasaxelebuli sasamarTlo rgolebis mosamarTleTa
cias, Caidens danaSauls, misi Tanamdebobidan gadayenebis sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micema, dakaveba an dapa-
sakiTxis aRZvris ufleba aqvs parlamentis sruli Semad- timreba, maTi binis, manqanis, samuSao adgilis an piradi
genlobis aranakleb erT mesameds. sakiTxi daskvnisaTvis gaCxreka, Tu ar iqneba saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos
gadaecema uzenaes sasamarTlos an sakonstitucio sasamarT- wevrze da saerTo sasamarTlos mosamarTleze saqarTvelos

114 115
uzenaesi sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris Tanxmoba, xolo sa- Tavi IV
konstitucio sasamarTlos wevrze saqarTvelos sakonsti-
tucio sasamarTlos Tanxmoba. gamonaklisia mosamarTleTa sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebi
danaSaulis faqtze waswreba, aseT SemTxvevaSi dauyovnebliv
unda ecnobos Sesabamisad saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarT- sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebis
los Tavmjdomares an saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasa- cneba da sistema
marTlos. Tu isini ar miscemen Tanxmobas dakavebuli an
gnebavT dapatimrebuli saqarTvelos uzanaesi sasamarTlos cnobilia, rom kanonebi legitimuria anu maT aqvT sa-
wevri an saerTo sasamarTlos mosamarTle an/da sakonsti- marTlebrivi Sinaarsi imdenad, ramdenadac isini pasuxoben
tucio sasamarTlos wevri dauyovnebliv unda gaTavisu- samarTlis principebis moTxovnebs. isini ubralo iuridiuli
fldes. ideebi ki ar aris, aramed samarTlisa da samarTlianobis
privilegiebiT sargebloben aseve saqarTvelos kontro- zogadsavaldebulo, obieqturad aucilebeli kriteriumebi.
lis palatis Tavmjdomare da saqarTvelos saxalxo dam- `principi~ laTinuri sityvaa da ZiriTad debulebas,
cveli. maTzec iseTive wesebi vrceldeba, rogoric zemoT sawyiss niSnavs. principebi garkveuli periodis manZilze
dasaxelebul maRali Tanamdebobis pirebze. maTi dakavebis arsebobdnen Teoriulad gaucnobiereblad. droTa ganmav-
an dapatimrebis Tu sxva saxis sisxlis samarTlis sapro- lobaSi isini gamoeyvnen samarTals rogorc gansazRvruli
ceso iZulebiTi RonisZiebis gamoyenebis Taobaze Tanxmoba iuridiuli ideebi da maTi ganmtkiceba moxda kanonSi sa-
miRebuli unda iyos saqarTvelos parlamentisagan. marTlebrivi wanamZRvrebis saxiT. saTanado aRiarebis mop-
ovebis Semdeg aRniSnulma ideebma SeiZines SedarebiTi
damoukidebloba da amJamad warmoadgenen moqmedi kanonmde-
blobis Tavisebur barometrs.
sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebi aris umniS-
vnelovanesi debulebebi, romlebic gansazRvraven procesis
mTel sistemas, misi stadiebis Sinaarsa da formas, mis
bunebasa da daniSnulebas. isini uzrunvelyofen samarTal-
warmoebis amocanebis warmatebiT gadawyvetas.
sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebi SeiZleba gan-
isazRvros rogorc konstituciiTa da kanonebiT ganmtkice-
buli fuZemdebluri samarTlebrivi ideebi, romlebic gan-
sazRvraven rogorc mTeli procesis, aseve misi calkeuli
institutebis arssa da mniSvnelobas.

116 117
sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebs axasiaTebs udanaSaulobis prezumfcia; eWvmitanilis, braldebulisa
garkveuli niSnebi: a) sisxlis samarTlis procesis princ- da gansasjelis dacvis uflebis uzrunvelyofa; pirovnebis
ipebs aqvT obieqturi xasiaTi. maTSi asaxulia samarTlebri- xelSeuxebloba, misi pativisa da Rirsebis dacva; piradi
vi da zneobrivi ideebi, rac dominirebs sazogadoebaSi; b) cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba; sajarooba da dispoziciuroba;
sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebi warmoadgenen sisxlis samarTlis procesis SejibrebiToba; saproceso
saxelmZRvanelo debulebebs. yvela maTgani savaldebuloa SeTanxmeba; sisxlis samarTlis procesis saqveynooba; sisx-
procesis mwarmoebeli organosaTvis da samarTalwarmoe- lis samarTlis procesis ena; saqmis garemoebTa yovelmxri-
baSi monawile sxva pirebisaTvis. garda amisa, aRniSnuli vi, obieqturi da sruli gamokvleva; mtkicebulebaTa Se-
principebi warmoadgenen saxelmZRvanelos kanonmdeblisaT- faseba Sinagani rwmeniT; sisxlis samarTlis procesis
visac, radgan axali kanonis miRebisas kanonmdebeli valde- uSualoba da zepiroba; saproceso moqmedebisa da gadaw-
bulia gaiTvaliswinos isini da uzrunvelyos axali kanonis yvetilebis gasaCivrebis Tavisufleba.
debulebebis Sesabamisoba am pripcipebTan; g) sisxlis sa- aRsaniSnavia, rom principebis roli yvelaze ufro re-
marTlis procesis principebi ganmtkicebulia kanonSi, maT liefurad aris gamoxatuli SejibrebiT samarTalwarmoe-
aqvT zusti formulireba da imperatiuli xasiaTi. baSi. aRniSnul sistemaSi Semavali principebi yvela ar aris
sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebis umravlesoba TanabarmniSvnelovani. arsebobs zogadsamarTlebrivi, uni-
mocemulia saqarTvelos konstituciaSi (amitom maT xSir- versaluri tipologiuri da instituciuri principebi.
ad konstituciur principebs uwodeben), saqarTvelos or- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis procesis me-6 muxlis
ganul kanonSi saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb (ris gamoc Tanaxmad, sisxlis samarTlis process safuZvlad udevs
maT xSirad marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis principebs kanonierebis, pirovnebis xelSeuxeblobis, misi Rirsebis
uwodeben), saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso pativiscemis, humanizmis, demokratiulobis, samarTliano-
kodeqsSi (amitom maT sisxlis samarTlis procesis princ- bisa da Tanasworuflebianobis zogadsamarTlebrivi princ-
ipebs uwodeben) da mTel rig saerTaSoriso-samarTlebriv ipebi. dasaxelebuli zogadsamarTlebrivi principebidan,
aqtebSi. SeiZleba iTqvas, gansakuTrebuli adgili ukavia kanoniere-
sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebi qmnian erTian bis princips, radgan igi warmoadgens sxva principebis
sistemas. marTalia, yvela princips aqvs Tavisi Sinaarsi, Sinaarsis ganmsazRvrels. kanonierebis cneba emTxveva sasa-
magram isini moqmedeben erTmaneTTan kavSirSi. TiToeuli marTlo proceduris samarTlianobis moTxovnebs, warmoad-
principi warmoadgens sxva principis ganxorcielebis ga- gens erTgvar veqtors.
rantias. isini xSirad erTmaneTs avseben da ganapirobeben. rac Seexeba universalur tipologiur sawyisebs isini
am sistemaSi Sedis: kanoniereba da adamianis bunebiTi ufle- uSualod Seadgenen SejibrebiTobis arss. isini akontrole-
bebi; sasamarTlo xelisuflebis uzenaesoba da damoukide- ben samarTalwarmoebis yvela institutebs da amitom maT-
bloba; Tanasworoba kanonisa da sasamarTlos winaSe; Tvis gverdis axveva yovelTvis xdis process araSejibre-

118 119
biTs. aseT sawyisebs warmoadgens mosamarTleTa damoukide- kanonierebis principis Tanmimdevruli gatarebis pirobeb-
blobisa da mxareTa Tanasworobis principebi, eWvmitanilis, Si.
braldebulis, dacvis uflebiT uzrunvelyofa. maT gareSe zogadsamarTlebrivi mniSvnelobis garda mocemuli
samarTliani SejibrebiToba ubralod SeuZlebelia. magram principi sisxlis samarTalwarmoebaSi specifikuri sapro-
arian principebi, romlebic warmoiSobian tipologiuri ceso Sinaarsis matarebelia. danaSaulis gaxsna, braleuli
sawyisebisagan da maTi moqmedebis sfero SedarebiT Sez- piris mxileba, mis mimarT samarTliani sasjelis daniSvna,
Rudulia. isini marTaven samarTalwarmoebis ara yvela udanaSaulo piris msjavrdebis dauSvebloba, moqalaqeTa
instituts, aramed mxolod calkeul maTgans. isini Sei- uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis dacva sisxlis samarTal-
Zleba davaxasiaToT rogorc samarTalwarmoebis instituci- warmoebaSi SesaZlebelia mxolod da mxolod kanonierebis
uri principebi. maT miekuTvneba: sasamarTlo ganxilvis principis umkacresi dacvis pirobebSi.
uSualoba da zepiroba; mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba Sinagani aRniSnuli principi ganmtkicebulia saqarTvelos sssk
rwmeniT. rac Seexeba SejibrebiTobis princips, igi war- me-7 muxlSi da misi arsi gamoixateba moTxovnaSi zustad
moadgens sisxlis samarTlis procesis yvela principis da ganuxrelad iyos Sesrulebuli saqarTvelos konsti-
zogad, saerTo safuZvels. SejibrebiToba principi ar aris tucia, sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi da sxva
mxolod, aramed es aris samarTalwarmoebis tipi. amitom kanonebi gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis, fizikuri
procesis yvela princips aqvs SejibrebiTi Sinaarsi an da iuridiuli pirebis da sisxlis samarTlis procesis
ganicdis mis gavlenas. sxva monawileTa mier.
ganvixiloT sisxlis samarTlis procesis principebi sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gamoZiebisa da sasamarTlo
cal-calke. ganxilvis wesi dadgenilia saqarTvelos konstituciiTa da
saproceso kanonmdeblobiT. aRniSnuli wesi saqarTvelos
1. kanoniereba da adamianis bunebiTi uflebebi. mTel teritoriaze erTiani da savaldebuloa procesis
kanoniereba aris universaluri zogadsamarTlebrivi yvela monawilisaTvis. kanoni ara mxolod avaldebulebs
principi. igi gulisxmobs saxelmwifo organoebis, sazoga- sisxlis samarTalwarmoebis monawileebs, procesis mwar-
doebrivi, kerZo, komerciuli, kooperatiuli organizacie- moebel organos daicvan kanonis moTxovnebi, aramed miu-
bis, Tanamdebobis pirebisa da calkeuli moqalaqeebis mier TiTebs kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul pasuxismgeblobazec da
saqarTvelos konstituciis, sxva kanonebis da kanonqvemde- ukanono saproceso aqtis gauqmebaze saqarTvelos konsti-
bare aqtebis ganuxrel Sesrulebas. tuciisa da saproceso kanonmdeblobis darRvevis SemTx-
kanonierebis principis Sinaarsi moicavs kanonis uzen- vevaSi.
aesobas da savaldebulobas. Tavis mxriv, kanonis uzenae- sisxlis samarTlis procesSi kanonierebis principi
sobis uzrunvelyofa saxelmwifo da sazogadoebrivi cx- ufro konkretulad gulisxmobs procesis mwarmoebeli
ovrebis yvela sferoSi SesaZlebelia mxolod da mxolod organos Tanamdebobis pirTa movaleobas saqmis warmoebisas

120 121
ganuxrelad daicvan kanonis moTxovnebi procesis nebismier saqmis ganxilva da mimarTos sakonstitucio sasamarTlos.
stadiaze, saproceso moqmedebebi ganaxorcielon kanonis sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis arakonstituciurad
safuZvelze da kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli saproceso for- cnoba sakonstitucio sasamarTlos prerogativaa. sisxlis
miT, TavianT gadawyvetilebebs safuZvlad daudon materi- samarTlebrivi devna sasamarTloSi Cerdeba sakonstitucio
aluri da saproceso kanonis normebi, ar gadauxvion kanonis sasamarTlos mier saboloo gadawvetilebis miRebamde.
moTxovnas saproceso iZulebiTi RonisZiebis Sefardebisas, maraTalia, sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi
mtkiced daicvan mtkicebulebaTa Sekrebisa da damagrebis aregulirebs saproceso samarTlebriv urTierTobebs, magram
saproceso wesi, marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebisas ar ar aris gamoricxuli praqtikaSi aRmoCndes iseTi urTier-
dauSvan kanonis darRveviT mopovebuli mtkicebulebebis Toba,. romelic ar aris mowesrigebuli saproceso normebiT.
gamoyeneba. am SemTxvevaSi kanoni uSvebs analogiis gamoyenebas, Tu amiT
winaswar gamoZiebaSi kanonierebis principis dacva, up- ar ilaxeba adamianis uflebebi. amasTan saqarTvelos ssskð_
irveles yovlisa, gulisxmobs danaSaulis swraf da srul 133-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad analogiis gamoyeneba
gaxsnas, braleuli piris mxilebas, mis micemas pasuxisge- ar daiSveba sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi iZulebis
baSi braldebulis saxiT, yvela saWiro saproceso moqmede- RonisZiebaTa gamoyenebisas. sakiTxis amgvari gadawyveta
bis Catarebas mtkicebulebaTa Sekrebisa da gamokvlevis kanonmdeblis mier savsebiT marTebulia, radgan saproceso
mizniT, konkretul pirTa cnobas dazaralebulad, samo- kanonmdeblobiT zogjer izRudeba adamianis bunebiTi ufle-
qalaqo mosarCeled, samoqalaqo mopasuxed, maTTvis ufle- bebi. aRniSnuli SezRudvebi zustad aris dadgenili kanoniT
ba-movaleobebis ganmartebas da am ufleba-movaleobaTa da kanoniTvea gansazRvruli maTi gamoyenebis wesi. amitom
realizaciis SesaZleblobis uzrunvelyofas. metad mniSvnelovania adamianis konstituciuri uflebebisa
marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebisas kanonierebis prin- da Tavisuflebebis SezRudva ganxorcieldes saproceso
cipis dacva gulisxmobs sasamarTlos mier saqmeTa ganxil- kanonis umkacresi dacvis pirobebSi.
vas kanonis safuZvelze da kanonis Sesabamisad. cxadia, am danaSaulis gaxsna da braleul pirTa mxileba sisxlis
moTxovnis Sesrulebis gareSe saerTod marTlmsajulebis samarTlis procesSi xorcieldeba mtkicebulebebis meSveo-
ganxorcielebaze saubari zedmetia. am principis dacviT biT, romlebic kanoniT dadgenili wesiT aris mopovebuli.
xorcieldeba saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgena da kanonieri, kanonis darRveviT miRebul mtkicebulebebs ki iuridiuli
dasabuTebuli, samarTliani gadawyvetilebis gamotana. Zala ara aqvs. kanonis darRveviT miRebulad iTvleba mt-
kanonierebis principidan gamomdinare saqarTvelos kicebulebebi, romlebic mopovebulia im piris mier, visac
saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb organuli kanonis me-7 ara aqvs uflebamosileba Sekribos isini, aseve Tu mtkice-
muxlis Tanaxmad, Tu saqmis ganmxilveli mosamarTle miva bulebebi miRebulia kanoniT gauTvaliswinebeli wyarodan,
im daskvnamde, rom mis mier gamosayenebeli saproceso an miRebulia ZaladobiT, muqariT, motyuebiT, SantaJis da
kanoni arakonstituciuria, igi uflebamosilia SeaCeros sxva ukanono meTodebis gamoyenebiT. aseTi gziT mopovebu-

122 123
li mtkicebulebebi dauSveblad miiCneva. sasamarTlos xelisuflebis uflebamosilebaSi Sedis
kanonierebis principi sisxlis samarTlis procesis sxva saxelmwifo organoTa da Tanamdebobis pirTa gadawyvetile-
principebTan imyofeba zogadisa da kerZos TanafardobaSi. bebisa da moqmedebebis kanonierebasa da dasabuTebulobaze
yvela principi da TiToeuli cal-calke emsaxureba kanonie- kontroli sasamarTloSi maTi gasaCivrebis SemTxvevaSi. cx-
rebis pirdapir da uSualod uzrunvelyofas da TiToeuli adia, sasamarTlo kontroli xorcieldeba winaswar gamoZie-
principis darRveva warmoadgens (gulisxmobs) kanonierebis baSic sxvadasxva formiT. kerZod, mxolod mosamarTlis
principis darRvevas. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom kanoniereba yov- gadawyvetilebiT aris SesaZlebeli winaswar gamoZiebaSi
lismomcveli principia da mas gansakuTrebuli adgili piris mimarT iseTi sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi
ukavia sisxlis samarTalwarmoebaSi moqmed zogadsamarT- iZulebiTi RonisZiebebis gamoyeneba, romlebic zRudaven piris
lebriv principebs Soris. konstituciur uflebebsa da Tavisuflebebs. sasamarTlo
kontrolis erT-erT formas warmoadgens aseve gamoZiebis
2. sasamarTlo xelisuflebis uzenaesoba da damoukide- an prokuroris moqmedebisa da gadawyvetilebis kanonierebis
bloba. Semowmeba maTi sasamarTloSi gasaCivrebis SemTxvevaSi.
sasamarTlo xelisufleba saxelmwifo xelisuflebis sasamarTlo xelisuflebis umTavresi funqcia marTlm-
erT-erTi saxea. igi xorcieldeba konstituciuri kontro- sajulebis ganxorcielebaa. mas axorcieleben saerTo sasa-
lis, marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis da kanoniT dadge- marTloebi. swored isini arian uflebamosilni damnaSaved
nili sxva formebis meSveobiT. scnon piri da dauniSnon mas sasjeli, xolo marTlsawi-
sasamarTlo xelisufleba gamoxatavs saxelmwifos nebas. naaRmdego qmedebis Camdeni piris mimarT gamoiyenon samedi-
radganac saxelmwifo xelisuflebis wyaroa xalxi (saqarT- cino xasiaTis iZulebiTi RonisZieba.
velos konstituciis me-5 muxli), sasamarTlo xelisufle- sasamarTlo xelisuflebis damoukidebloba uzrunve-
ba aris xalxis suverenuli nebis gamoxatuleba. sasamarT- lyofilia marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis kanoniT
lo asrulebs saxelisuflebo uflebamosilebas. mas gad- dadgenili saproceso formiT, rac niSnavs imas, rom mar-
awyvetileba gamoaqvs saqarTvelos saxeliT. sasamarTlo Tlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis TviT proceduram unda
xelisuflebis konstituciuri roli vlindeba iuridiuli uzrunvelyos mosamarTlis Tavisufleba nebismieri zemoq-
xelisuflebis ganxorcielebaSi, gansxvavebiT politikuri medebis da zegavlenis miuxedavad. sasamarTlo ganxilvis
xelisuflebisagan, romelsac ganasaxiereben xelisuflebis saproceso wesebis dacva uzrunvelyofs sasamarTlo gad-
danarCeni ganStoebebi. sasamarTlo xelisufleba sakanonm- awyvetilebaTa kanonierebas, dasabuTebulobas da samar-
deblo da aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis winaSe angariS- Tlianobas, procesis monawileTa uflebebisa da interese-
valdebuli ar aris. saqarTvelos konstituciis 82-e mux- bis dacvas. arc erT saxelmwifo organos da Tanamdebobis
lis Sesabamisad, sasamarTlo xelisufleba damoukidebelia pirs ufleba ara aqvs zedamxedveloba gauwios sasamarTlos
da mas axorcieleben mxolod sasamarTloebi. da mis mier miRebul gadawyvetilebas. sasamarTlo gadaw-

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yvetilebis gauqmeba, Secvla an SeCereba SesaZlebelia mx- marTlos gadawyvetilebisaTvis normatiuli aqtis Zalis
olod sasamarTlo wesiT. miniWebas.
evropis sabWos ministrTa komitetis mier 1994 wlis mosamarTleTa damoukidebloba unda iyos uzrunvelyo-
13 oqtombers miRebuli mosamarTleTa damoukideblobis, fili ara mxolod instituciurad, garedan Carevis akrZal-
efeqtianobisa da rolis Sesaxeb N 12 rekomendaciis Tanax- viT, aramed Signidan personaluri Tavisuflebis garantie-
mad, amnistiis, Sewyalebis an msgavsi SemTxvevebis garda biT. sasamarTlo kolegiis yoveli mosamarTle gadaw-
xelisuflebas an administracias ar unda SeeZlos raime yvetilebis miRebisas uflebamosilia Tavisuflad gamoxatos
iseTi gadawyvetilebis miReba, romelic gauqmebs sasamarT- Tavisi mosazreba yvela gansaxilvel sakiTxze. miRebul
los gadawyvetilebas ukuZaliT. gadawyvetilebasTan uTanxmoebis SemTxvevaSi SeuZlia gamox-
saqarTvelos sssk me-8 muxlis Tanaxmad, mosamarTle atos Tavisi gansakuTrebuli azri werilobiT da daurTos
damoukidebelia da emorCileba mxolod saqarTvelos kon- saqmes. mosamarTle Tu Rebulobda monawileobas erT in-
stituciasa da kanonebs. stanciaSi igive saqmis ganxilvisas mas ufleba ara aqvs
mosamarTleTa damoukidebloba SesaZlebelia maTi mx- monawileoba miiRos sxva instanciaSi, radgan is ar unda
olod kanonisadmi damorCilebis pirobebSi. saqmis ganxil- iyos SeboWili sakuTari STabeWdilebebiT, mis mier adre
visas wamoWril yvela sakiTxs mosamarTle wyvets mxolod gamoxatuli mosazrebebiT am saqmis gamo.
kanonis safuZvelze, Sinagani rwmenis Tanaxmad, romelic sasamarTlo xelisuflebis uzenaesoba da damoukide-
mas uyalibdeba saqmis garemoebebis srulyofili, yovelmxri- bloba marTlmsajulebis samarTlianobis uzrunvelyofis
vi da obieqturi gamokvlevisa da mtkicebulebaTa Sefase- winapirobaa. misi Sinaarsi Rrmad demokratiuli, zneobrivi
bis Sedegad. mosamarTle ar aris damokidebuli winaswar da humanuria. mosamarTlem gadawyvetileba unda miiRos
gamoZiebaSi gamomZieblisa da prokuroris mier gakeTebul kanonisa da Sinagani rwmenis safuZvelze, miukerZoeblad
daskvnebze, iseve rogorc ar aris damokidebuli saqmis saqmis faqtobriv garemoebebze dayrdnobiT.
ganxilvisas mxareTa mier gamoTqmul mosazrebebze. am principis Sesruleba SeuZliaT mosamarTleebs, rom-
sasamarTlo xelisuflebis damoukidebloba gansazRvravs lebic gamoirCevian maRali profesionalizmiT da gansa-
sxvadasxva instanciis sasamarTloSi mosamarTleTa urT- kuTrebuli zneobriv-fsiqologiuri TvisebebiT _ simam-
ierTdamokidebulebas. I instanciis sasamarTlo ar aris aciT, xasiaTis simtkiciT, samarTlianobis maRali grZnobiT,
damokidebuli sakasacio instanciis sasamarTlos daskvnebze, sakuTari damoukideblobis gacnobierebiT, raTa win aR-
roca uzenaesi sasamarTlo abrunebs saqmes xelaxali sasa- udgnen nebismier zemoqmedebas da TavianTi movaleoba Sea-
marTlo ganxilvisaTvis. igi damoukidebelia ara mxolod srulon ise, rogorc amis moiTxovs kanoni da Sinagani
mtkicebulebaTa Sefasebis, aramed sisxlis samarTlis sindisis xma.
kanonis gamoyenebisa da sasjelis daniSvnis sakiTxSic. mosamarTleTa damoukideblobis garantiebi gansaz-
sakiTxis sxvagvari gadawyveta gamoiwvevda zemdgomi sasa- Rvrulia saqarTvelos konstituciiT, organuli kanoniT

126 127
saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb, organuli kanoniT `uzen- Tanasworia ganurCevlad rasisa, kanis ferisa, enisa, sqe-
aesi sasamarTlos Sesaxeb~. sisa, religiisa, politikuri da sxva Sexedulebebisa,
mosamarTleTa damoukidebloba garantirebulia mosa- erovnuli, eTnikuri da socialuri kuTvnilebisa, warmo-
marTleTa korpusis formirebisa da maTi ganTavisuflebis Sobisa, qonebrivi da wodebrivi mdgomareobisa, sacxovrebeli
gansakuTrebuli wesiT; mosamarTleTa xelSeuxeblobiT; adgilisa.
marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebaSi Carevis akrZalviT; aRniSnuli principi moqmedebs srulad sisxlis samar-
marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis kanoniT dadgenili pro- TalwarmoebaSi. marTalia, sisxlis samarTlis procesSi ar
ceduriT; sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis miRebis saidumloe- arsebobs pirovnebis erTiani statusi. saqmeSi monawile
bis da misi gaxmaurebis dauSveblobis dacviT; mosamarTleTa TiToeul pirs aqvs gansazRvruli saproceso statusi da
upativcemulobis gamo pasuxismgeblobis dakisrebiT; mosa- igi ganisazRvreba ara qonebrivi, socialuri da sxva faq-
marTleTa maRali statusis Sesabamisi materialuri da torebiT, aramed imis mixedviT Tu romeli subieqtis
socialuri uzrunvelyofiT; mosamarTleTa usafrTxoebis uflebebiT aris is aRWurvili, anu ra ufleba-movaleobe-
saxelmwifo dacviT; mosamarTleTa saqmianobisaTvis aucile- bis matarebelia, kerZod, braldebulis, dazaralebulis,
beli organizaciul-teqnikuri da sainformacio pirobebis damcvelis, mowmis da a.S.
SeqmniT; mosamarTleTa TviTmmarTvelobis organoebis kanonisa da sasamarTlos winaSe Tanasworobis principis
sistemiT. saerTaSoriso bazas warmoadgens adamianis uflebaTa dacvis
aRsaniSnavia, rom SemuSavebulia sasamarTlo reformis sayovelTao deklaraciis me-7 da me-8 muxlebi, romlebic
koncefcia, sadac miTiTebulia, rom konstituciaSi unda faqtobrivad asaxulia sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kod-
aisaxos sakanonmdeblo da aRmasrulebeli Stoebis formire- eqsis me-9 muxlis SinaarsSi. am muxlis pirveli nawilis
bis, marTvis, uflebamosilebis Sewyvetisa da sxva sakiTx- Tanaxmad, yvela Tanasworia kanonisa da sasamarTlos winaSe.
ebis msgavsad mosamarTleTa Seucvlelobis principi, sasa- rasis, erovnebis, enis, sqesis, socialuri warmoSobis,
marTlo xelisuflebis marTvis organos iusticiis umaR- qonebrivi da Tanamdebobrivi mdgomareobis, sacxovrebeli
lesi sabWos Seqmnis wesi da funqciebi, sasamarTlo wyo- adgilis, religiisadmi damokidebulebis, rwmenis, agreTve
bilebis Secvlis safuZvlebi, mosamarTleTa finansuri sxva garemoebebis miuxedavad.
uzrunvelyofisa da sasamarTloTa finansuri damoukide- sxva garemoebebSi SeiZleba vigulisxmoT politikuri
blobis garantiebi. da sxva Sexedulebebi, eTnikuri kuTvnileba, wodebrivi
mdgomareoba da a.S.
3) Tanasworoba kanonisa da sasamarTlos winaSe rogorc vxedavT, sisxlis samarTlis procesSi kanon-
es principi zogadsamarTlebrivi principia. igi ganmt- isa da sasamarTlos winaSe Tanasworobis principis arsi
kicebulia konstituciis me-14 muxlSi, romlis Tanaxmadac gamoixateba imaSi, rom arc qonebrivi da Tanamdebobrivi
yvela adamiani dabadebiT Tavisufalia da kanonis winaSe mdgomareoba, arc ganaTleba, arc regiliisadmi damokideb-

128 129
uleba ar qmnian araviTar privilegias an safuZvels saqme- visaTvis ikisros pasuxismgebloba. pasuxisgebaSi micema ki
Si monawile arc erTi piris diskriminaciisaTvis da gav- xdeba yvelasaTvis saerTo-saproceso wesebis dacviT. magram
lenas ar axdenen saqmis msvlelobaze. am saerTo wesidan arsebobs gamonaklisi. sisxlis samarTlis
procesis yvela subieqti Tanasworia kanonis winaSe. pasuxisgebaSi micemis, dapatimrebis da sisxlis samarTlis
TiToeul maTgans Tavisi saproceso mdgomareobis farg- saproceso iZulebis sxva RonisZiebis gamoyenebis gansa-
lebSi aqvs SesaZlebloba isargeblos kanoniT gaTval- kuTrebuli wesi gansazRvrulia saqarTvelos konstituciiT,
iswinebuli saproceso uflebebiT da Seasrulos dakisre- saqarTvelos saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebiTa da SeTanx-
buli movaleobebi. im pirebs, romlebsac ama Tu im gare- mebebiT, saproceso kanoniT da sxva kanonebiT.
moebis gamo ara aqvT sxvebis Tanabari SesaZlebloba ganax- aRniSnuli gansakuTrebuli wesi vrceldeba saqarTvelos
orcielon TavianTi uflebebi, kanoni maTTvis adgens prezidentis, sakonstitucio sasamarTlos wevris, uzen-
damatebiT garantiebs, magaliTad, damcvelis savaldebulo aesi sasamarTlos wevrisa da sxva saerTo sasamarTlos
monawileobis, Tarjimnis monawileobis garantiebs da a.S. mosamarTlis, kontrolis palatis Tavmjdomaris, saxalxo
kanonisa da sasamarTlos winaSe Tanasworobis principi damcvelis, generaluri prokuroris, diplomatiuri imu-
dakavSirebulia sasamarTlosa da samarTlis erTianobis nitetis mqone piris, aseve sisxlis samarTlis saerTa-
Sesaxeb debulebasTan. saxelmwifoSi ar arsebobs sasa- Soriso sasamarTlos im warmomadgenlis mimarT, romelic
marTlo, romelic privilegias mianiWebda calkeuli kat- Tavisi uflebamosilebis ganxorcielebisas sisxlis samar-
egoriis pirebs an kidev maT diskriminaciaze iqneboda da- Tlis saerTaSoriso sasamarTlos wesdebis Sesabamisad
fuZnebuli. kanonis Tanaxmad sasamarTlo sistema erTiania. sargeblobs imunitetiT.
yvela moqalaqisaTvis erTi da igive sasamarTlo da aseve sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis gansakuTreb-
erTiani kanonmdebloba arsebobs, romelic yvelas mimarT uli wesi mdgomareobs imaSi, rom dasaxelebuli Tanamde-
Tanabrad gamoiyeneba. bobis pirebi xelSeuxeblobis uflebiT sargebloben da
aRniSnuli principis Sesabamisad, sisxlis samarTal- maTi pasuxisgebaSi micemisaTvis saWiroa saTanado organos
warmoebis procesis yvela subieqti Cayenebulia Tanabar an Tanamdebobis piris Tanxmoba. es garemoeba ar niSnavs
pirobebSi da aqvT erTnairi SesaZlebloba daicvan TavianTi aRniSnul pirTa mimarT privilegiis dawesebas, aramed war-
uflebebi da interesebi gamoZiebasa da sasamarTloSi. am moadgens garantias maTi saqmianobis warmatebiT ganxor-
principis dacvis gareSe SeuZlebelia kanonierebis uzrun- cielebisaTvis.
velyofa, samarTliani da dasabuTebuli gadawyvetilebis kanonis Tanaxmad, dauSvebelia aRniSnul pirTa mier
miReba. privilegiebisa da imunitetis gamoyeneba sisxlis samarT-
kanonisa da sasamarTlos winaSe yvelas Tanasworoba lebrivi pasuxismgeblobisagan Tavis asarideblad.
gulisxmobs imasac, rom yvela procesis monawile valde- sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis Semdeg maTze
bulia daicvas sisxlis samarTlis kanoni da misi darRve- vrceldeba erTiani materialuri da saproceso kanonmde-

130 131
bloba. winaswar dadgenil debulebas, romelic moqmedebs manam,
sanam ar iqneba damtkicebuli sawinaaRmdego.
4) udanaSaulobis prezumfcia
prezumfcia. es principi asaxulia Tanamedrove periodSi `prezumfcias~, `varaudi~, nakle-
saqarTvelos konstituciaSi, sisxlis samarTlis sapro- bad Seesabameba, radgan `kanoni Tvlis~ da ara
ceso kodeqsSi, saerTaSoriso samarTlebriv dokumentebSi, varaudobs~.1
kerZod, adamianis uflebaTa sayovelTao deklaraciaSi, udanaSaulobis prezumfciidan gamomdinare samarTlebri-
samoqalaqo da politikur uflebaTa Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso vad da zneobrivad dauSvebelia publikaciebi da masobrivi
paqtSi, adamianis uflebaTa dacvis evropul konvenciaSi. informaciis saSualebebiT gamosvlebi, sadac braldebuli
udanaSaulobis prezumfciis sakanonmdeblo formuli- wodebulia damnaSaved, xolo winaswari gamoZiebis monace-
reba aseTia: braldebuli udanaSaulod iTvleba manam, mebi miCneulia rogorc saboloo.
sanam mis mier danaSaulis Cadena ar damtkicdeba kanoniT udanaSaulobis prezumfciis mixedviT aravin ar aris
gaTvaliswinebuli wesiT da ar dadgindeba kanonier ZalaSi valdebuli amtkicos Tavisi udanaSauloba. braldebis mt-
Sesuli sasamarTlos gamamtyunebeli ganaCeniT (sssk me-10 kicebis tvirTi ekisreba bralmdebels. bralmdebels ufle-
muxli, I naw). ba aqvs uari Tqvas braldebaze (sssk me-10 muxlis me-2
am normaSi xazgasmulia trivialuri debuleba, rom naw). aRniSnuli debulebidan gamomdinare braldebuli ar
sasamarTloa erTaderTi organo, romelic uflebamosilia aris valdebuli moiZios da warmoadginos mtkicebulebebi,
cnos piris damnaSaved da rom piris damnaSaved cnoba romlebic uaryofen mis mier danaSaulis Cadenas an mis
SesaZlebelia erTaderTi saproceso aqtiT _ sasamarTlos monawileobas danaSaulis CadenaSi. aseTi mtkicebulebebis
gamamtyunebeli ganaCeniT. arc erTi saxelmwifo organo da mopoveba mxolod uflebaa misi da ara movaleoba. Tu bral-
arc erTi Tanamdebobis piri ar aris uflebamosili gan- debuli ver warmoadgens misi braldebis gamomricxav faq-
sazRvros da daadginos piris braleuloba. es mxolod tobriv monacemebs, es srulebiTac ar niSnavs imas, rom igi
sasamarTlos prerogativaa. damnaSavea. gamomZiebeli, prokurori, romlebmac moaxdines
udanaSaulobis prezumfcia ar aris procesis mwarmoe- braldebis formulireba da warudgines igi braldebuls,
beli ama Tu im organos Tanamdebobis piris piradi Sexed- swored isini arian valdebulni amtkicon kidec bralde-
uleba, subieqturi mosazreba, aramed warmoadgens obieqtur bulis mier danaSaulis Cadena. amasTan, prokurori sasa-
samarTlebriv debulebas. gamomZiebeli, prokurori, rom- marTloSi Tu mivida im daskvnamde, rom warmodgenili
lebmac braldeba warudgines pirs, cxadia, Tvlian mas mtkicebulebebi ar aris sakmarisi braldebis dasamtkice-
braleulad. mxolod kanoni Tvlis mas arabraleulad, blad, kanoni mas aZlevs uflebas uari Tqvas braldebaze
udanaSaulod. da aseT SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo wyvets saqmis warmoebas
termini `prezumfcia~ pirobiTi xasiaTisaa. igi laTi-
1 Êàñóìîâ ×.Ñ. Ïðåçóìïöèÿ íåâèíîâíîñòè â ñîâåòñêîì ïðàâå, Áàêó,
nuri sityvaa da niSnavs varauds, gulvebas. igi gulisxmobs 1984, ñ. 21-22.

132 133
an gamoaqvs gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni. utyuar mtkicebulebaTa erTobliobaze.
aRsaniSnavia, rom braldebis mxares akisria ara marto udanaSaulobis prezumfcia da misi ganxorcielebis
braldebis mtkicebis tvirTi, aramed dacvis mxaris das- garantiebi TiTqmis yvela demokratiuli saxelmwifos
abuTebis uaryofis tvirTic. cxadia, aq saubaria dacvis kanonmdeblobaSia asaxuli. igi sisxlis samarTlis proce-
mxaris safuZvliani argumentebisa da dasabuTebis uaryo- sis qvakuTxedia da amave dros adamianis uflebebis da
faze. Tavisuflebebis dacvis myari garanti1.
amasTan erTad, saproceso kanoni iTvaliswinebs mtkice-
bis tvirTis e.w. specialur saxes. mtkicebulebaTa dauS- 5) eWvmitanilis, braldebulisa da gansasjelis dacvis
veblobis Sesaxeb dacvis mxaris mier dayenebuli Suamdgom- uflebis uzrunvelyofa.
lobis ganxilvisas dacvis mxaris mier warmodgenili eWvmitanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis, dacvis ufle-
mosazrebebis uaryofis tvirTi awevs prokurors, rac See- ba _ es aris uflebaTa erTgvari kompleqsi, rac ki maT
sabameba saerTo wess. magram sxva SemTxvevaSi mtkicebis gaaCniaT procesSi, radgan ufleba misces Cveneba, warmoadgi-
tvirTi awevs im mxares, romelmac Suamdgomloba ganacxada. nos mtkicebulebebi, aRZras Suamdgomloba da a.S. emsaxureba
magaliTad, dacvis mxare Tu daayenebs Suamdgomlobas aRkve- braldebulis dacvas sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnisagan.
Tis RonisZiebis gauqmebis Sesaxeb, manve unda amtkicos dacvis uflebis uzrunvelyofa sisxlis samarTlis
gauqmebis safuZvlebis arseboba anu mtkicebis tvirTi am procesis fundamenturi principia. saqarTvelos konsti-
SemTxvevaSi akisria dacvis mxares. tuciis 42-e muxlis me-3 punqtis Tanaxmad, dacvis ufle-
udanaSaulobis prezumfciis Sinaarsi Seicavs aseve ba garantirebulia. swored am uflebaSi naTlad aris
metad mniSvnelovan debulebas. kerZod, mtkicebulebaTa gamoxatuli marTlmsajulebisa da pirovnebis interesebis
Sefasebis dros warmoSobili yovelgvari eWvi, romelic urTierTkavSiri. Tu braldebuls ar Caudenia danaSauli,
ar dadasturdeba kanoniT dadgenili wesiT, unda gadawydes maSin dacvis ufleba xels uwyobs misTvis wayenebuli
braldebulis (msjavrdebulis) sasargeblod. braldebis uaryofas. xolo Tu is braleulia, maSin dacvis
cnobilia, rom mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba xdeba maTi ufleba xels uwyobs misi pasuxismgeblobis Semamsubeqebeli
dasaSvebobis, Sesaxebobis, sakmarisobis da sarwmunoobis garemoebebis gamovlenas. amiT xorcieldeba marTlmsa-
gaTvaliswinebiT. Tu braldebulis braldeba utyuari mt- julebis amocanebis uzrunvelyofa-braleulTa mxileba da
kicebulebebiT ar dasturdeba da misi udanaSaulobis Ses-
axeb mtkicebis procesSi gaCndeba eWvi, igi unda iyos 1 qarTvel samarTalmcodneebs Soris dRemde ar aris erTsulovneba udana-
Saulobis prezumfciis dasaxelebaze. mecnierTa nawili mas arabraleulobis
gamoyenebuli ara braldebulis sazianod, aramed mis prezumfcias uwodebs. aRniSnul sakiTxze ixileT: g. naWyepia, danaSaulis Se-
sasargeblod, radgan gamamtyunebeli ganaCeni ar SeiZleba madgenloba, rogorc arabraleulobis prezumfciis safuZveli, J. `samarTali~,
efuZnebodes varauds, albaTobas, eWvebs. igi unda iyos 1992, N 8-9. a. SuSanaSvili, udanaSaulobis prezumfcia, saiubileo krebuli,
givi inwkirveli _ 70, Tb., 1996; a. kaxniaSvili, udanaSaulobis prezumfcia da
damyarebuli mxolod da mxolod erTmaneTTan SeTanxmebul misi ganxorcielebis garantiebi sasamarTlomdel stadiebze, Tb., 1998.

134 135
samarTliani dasja, sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi ar- uzrunvelyos misi uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis dacva.
abraleulTa micemisa da dasjis dauSvebloba. garda amisa, dacvis uflebis uzrunvelyofis principi
dacvis ufleba moqmedebas iwyebs konkretuli piris moicavs e.w. dacvis saproceso garantiebs, rac kanonSia
eWvmitanilis saxiT dakavebis an braldebulis dapatimre- mocemuli. aseT garantiebs warmoadgens: udanaSaulobis
bis momentidan da igi mTavrdeba saproceso saqmianobis da prezumfcia, romlis mixedviTac braldebis mtkicebis
Sesabamisi saproceso urTierTobis damTavrebasTan erTad. tvirTi ekisreba bralmdebels da yovelgvari eWvi gani-
dacvis uflebiT uzrunvelyofis principi realizdeba marteba braldebulis sasargeblod; kanonis darRveviT
Semdeg formebSi: a) dacvis ganxorcieleba uSualod eWvmi- mopovebuli mtkicebulebebis dauSveblad miCneva; sauaresod
tanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis mier. aRniSnuli Semobrunebis dauSvebloba, saapelacio da sakasacio wesiT
pirebi uflebamosilni arian TviTon, uSualod daicvan Tavi sasamarTlos ganaCenis gasaCivrebis Tavisufleba da a.S.
wardgenili braldebisagan da amisaTvis gamoiyenon kanoniT saqarTvelos sssk me-11 muxlis, II naw. Tanaxmad, dacvis
miniWebuli uflebebi, kerZod, miscen Cveneba an uari Tqvan uflebiT unda iyos uzrunvelyofili eWvmitanilis, bral-
masze, waradginon mtkicebulebebi, ganacxadon acileba, debulis, gansasjelis garda piri, romlis mimarTac war-
aRZran Seumdgomloba, monawileoba miiRos gansasjelma moebs saqme samedicino xasiaTis iZulebiTi RonisZiebis
sasamarTlo kamaTSi da gaasaCivros sasamarTlos gadaw- gamosayeneblad, agreTve msjavrdebuli gamamarTlebeli
yvetileba; ganaCenis an sxva Semajamebeli sasamarTlo gadawyvetileb-
b) dacvis ganxorcieleba damcvelis mier. dakavebis an is gasaCivrebis SemTxvevaSi.
dapatimrebisTanave dasacav pirs ganemarteba sxva ufle- iuridiul literaturaSi gamoTqmulia mosazreba, rom
bebTan erTad damcvelis ayvanis ufleba. damcveli moi- dacvis uflebiT unda iyos uzrunvelyofili ara mxolod
wveva braldebulis an misi axloblebisa da naTesavebis dasaxelebuli pirebi, aramed yvela is piri, romlebic jer
mier misi TxovniT. braldebuls ufleba aqvs hqondes Sex- ar imyofebian eWvmitanilis an braldebulis statusSi, mag.
vedra damcvelTan pirispir pirvel dakiTxvamde, pirveli piri gamoZaxebulia mowmis saxiT dasakiTxad, sacxovrebel
dakiTxvis Semdeg Sexvedrebis raodenobisa da drois miuxe- binaSi tardeba Cxreka da a.S.1 ver daveTanxmebiT avtors,
davad garda kanoniT dadgenili gamonaklisi SemTxvevisa, radgan dacva sWirdeba mxolod da mxolod eWvmitanils
rac eWvmitanils exeba (sssk 73-e muxlis qvepunqti); da braldebuls, anu pirs, romlis mimarTac ukve arsebobs
g) gamomZiebeli, prokurori, sasamarTlo movaleni arian eWvi an braldeba danaSaulis CadenaSi da maT upirispird-
miiRon zomebi damcvelis monawileobis uzrunvelsayofad eba dacva, anu dacva aris sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis
advokatTa gaerTianebis meSveobiT daniSvniT an iZulebiTi sawinaaRmdego funqcia, xolo yvela sxva danarCen pirebs
dacvis arsebobisas. procesis mwarmoebeli organo valde- sWirdebaT iuridiuli daxmarebis gaweva, romlebsac maT
bulia dasacav pirs ganumartos uflebebi, misces SesaZle-
bloba daicvas Tavi kanoniT nebadarTuli yvela saSualebiT, 1 Смирнва А.В., Êàëèíîâñêèé – Óãîëîâíûé ïðîöåññ, Ì., 2005, ñòð. 83.

136 137
aRmouCenT advokati. primats, acxadebs _ `adamianis Tavisufleba xelSeuvalia~
damcveli movalea gamoavlinos braldebulis bralis (saqarTvelos konstituciis me-18 muxli).
gamamarTlebeli an misi pasuxismgeblobis Semamsubuqebeli saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi
garemoebebi da amisaTvis gamoiyenos kanoniT gaTvaliswineb- akonkretebs konstituciur normas da ganvrcobilad war-
uli yvela saSualeba da xerxi. damcvelis monawileoba moadgens pirovnebis xelSeuxeblobis Sinaarss. kerZod,
procesSi ar uzRudavs dasacav pirs mis kuTvnil uflebebs. saqarTvelos sssk me-12 muxlis Tanaxmad, yovel adamians
mas aqvs ufleba damcvelis monawileobis paralelurad aqvs Tavisuflebis, piradi xelSeuxeblobis, pativisa da
uSualod TviTon daicvas Tavi wardgenili braldebisagan Rirsebis dacvis ufleba.
da amisaTvis gamoiyenos kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli yvela sagulisxmoa, rom Tavisufleba absoluturi cneba ar
saproceso ufleba. aris. igi SezRudulia kanoniT. S. monteskie werda: Tav-
dacvis uflebiT uzrunvelyofis pricnipi moqmedebs isufleba aris ufleba akeTo yvelaferi, rac kanoniT aris
sisxlis samarTlis procesis yvela stadiaze. igi warmoad- nebadarTuli.
gens kanonieri da dasabuTebuli ganaCenis gamotanis wina- kanonis Tanaxmad, Tavisuflebis aRkveTa an piradi Tav-
pirobas. aRniSnuli principis ignorireba warmoadgens isuflebis sxvagvari SezRudva dauSvebelia sasamarTlos
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonis arsebiT darRvevas, gadawyvetilebis gareSe. sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba ar
rac iwvevs ganaCenis gauqmebas. sWirdeba mxolod moklevadian dakavebas, rasac SeiZleba
adgili hqondes ara umetes 48 saaTisa. piris dapatimreba
6) pirovnebis xelSeuxebloba, misi pativisa da Rirse- an eqspertizisaTvis samedicino dawesebulebaSi moTavseba
bis dacva. es principi ganmtkicebulia mTel rig saerTa- SeiZleba mxolod mosamarTlis brZanebiT an sasamarTlos
Soriso samarTlebriv aqtebSi. kerZod: adamianis uflebaTa ganCinebiT (dadgenilebiT).
sayovelTao deklaraciis me-3 muxli adgens: `yovel adami- braldebulis Tavisuflebis xelSeuvaloba SeiZleba
ans aqvs sicocxlis, Tavisuflebisa da piradi xelSeuxeblo- SeizRudos da mis mimarT iyos gamoyenebuli winaswari
bis ufleba~; patimroba mxolod kanonieri safuZvlis arsebobisas, ker-
evropuli konvenciis me-5 muxlis Tanaxmad, aravis ar Zod, Tu arsebobs gonivruli eWvi da faqtobrivi monace-
SeiZleba SeezRudos Tavisufleba sxvagvarad, Tu ara kano- mebi rom braldebuli miimaleba, ganagrZobs danaSaulebriv
niT dadgenili proceduris Sesabamisad; saqmianobas an SemdgomSi SesaZloa kvlav Caidinos axali
samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTa- danaSauli, xels SeuSlis gamoZiebas, gaanadgurebs mtkice-
Soriso paqtSi aRniSnulia, rom yovel adamians aqvs Tav- bulebebs.
isuflebisa da piradi xelSeuxeblobis ufleba. kanonieri safuZvlis arsebobisas aris aseve SesaZlebeli
saerTaSoriso standartebis gaTvaliswinebiT saqarT- piris Tavisuflebis SezRudva da misi moTavseba eqspert-
velos konstitucia amkvidrebs ra adamianis, moqalaqis izisaTvis samedicino dawesebulebaSi. kerZod, Tu arsebobs

138 139
gonivruli eWvi da sakmarisi faqtobrivi monacemebi, rom `g~ qvepunqtebSi aRniSnuli safuZvlebiT. aseT SemTxvevaSi
pirma marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedeba Caidina Seuracxad mdgo- pirs unda aunazRaurdes qonebrivi, fizikuri da moraluri
mareobaSi an aseTi qmedebis Cadenis Semdeg gaxda Seuracx- ziani.
adi da sajaro usarfTxoebis interesebi moiTxovs mis kanoni krZalavs procesis monawileTa Tu sxva pirTa
izolirebas, mosamarTlis brZanebiT aseTi piri unda iyos mimarT sicocxlisa da janmrTelobisaTvis saSiSi, agreTve
moTavsebuli samedicino dawesebulebaSi. maTi pativisa da Rirsebis Semlaxavi meTodebis gamoyene-
danaSaulis CadenaSi eWvmitanilis dakavebis vada ar bas.
unda aRematebodes 72 saaTs, xolo braldebulis winaswari pirovnebis Rirsebisa da pativis xelSeuvaloba, upirve-
patimroba _ 9 Tves. les yovlisa, umniSvnelovanesi konstituciuri principia.
dakavebulsa da dapatimrebuls dauyovnebliv unda ec- `yovel adamians aqvs Rirseba, ris gamoc dauSvebelia igi
nobos dakavebisa Tu dapatimrebis mizezi, safuZveli da iyos raime saqmianobis obieqti an instrumenti. Rirseba
danaSauli, romlis CadenaSic igi eWvmitanilia an romlis gamomdinareobs adamianad yofnisagan. Rirseba adamians ar mie-
Cadenac mas bralad edeba. aseve unda ganemartos dakave- niWeba saxelmwifosagan (prezidentis, paralamentis an sasa-
bulsa da dapatimrebuls ufleba daicvas sakuTari Tavi marTlos mier). igi imanenturia adamianad yofnisaTvis~1.
piradad an isargeblos damcvelis daxmarebiT. damcveli sssk me-12 muxlis me-7 nawilis Tanaxmad sagamoZiebo
daiSveba eWvmitanilis dakavebis an braldebulis saxiT Tu sasamarTlo moqmedebebis Catarebisas akrZalulia
piris dapatimrebis momentidan. eWvmitanilis dakavebis an pirovnebis mimarT meZieblobis, muqaris, SantaJis, wamebis,
braldebulis dapatimrebis Sesaxeb gamomZiebelma unda fizikuri Tu fsiqikuri Zaladobis sxva xerxebis gamoyen-
Seatyobinos ojaxis wevrebs. eba. dauSvebelia dakavebulisa da dapatimrebulis mimarT
kanonis Tanaxmad, mosamarTle, prokurori, gamomZiebeli samedicino eqsperimentis Catareba, Zilis, wylis, sakvebis
valdebulni arian dauyovnebliv gaaTavisuflon ukanonod akrZalva an zRvrul normaze metad SezRudva, iseT pi-
dakavebuli, dapatimrebuli Tu sxvagvarad TavisuflebaSez- robebSi Cayeneba, romlebic mavne zegavlenas axdens adamianis
Ruduli piri. janmrTelobaze da laxavs mis Rirsebas.
ukanonod da dausabuTeblad TavisuflebaSezRudul rogorc vxedavT, kanoni krZalavs dakavebuli da dapa-
pirs aqvs misTvis miyenebuli zianis srulad anazRaurebis timrebuli piris mimarT wamebis, Zaladobis gamoyenebas, rac
ufleba. SeiZleba iyos gamoxatuli fizikuri da fsiqikuri zemoq-
reabilitaciis iuridiul safuZvels warmoadgens gama- medebis zomebis gamoyenebiT, kerZod, ikrZaleba rogorc cema,
marTlebeli ganaCeni, agreTve dadgenileba (ganCineba) sisx- fizikuri tkivilis miyeneba, aseve piris daSineba, misi Cay-
lis samarTlebrivi devnis anda winaswari gamoZiebis Sew- eneba uimedo mdgomareobaSi, sistematuri damcireba da
yvetis Sesaxeb sssk 28-e muxlis I nawilis `a-~ `d~, `i~,
`k~ da `m~ qvepunqtebSi da imave muxlis II nawilis `a~ da 1 k. kublaSvili, ZiriTadi uflebebi, Tb., 2003, gv. 89, 92.

140 141
Seuracxyofa, rac fsiqikur tramvas iwvevs. cxadia, ikrZa- Catarebisas ar gamoiyenon iseTi saSualebebi da meTodebi,
leba samedicino eqsperimentis Catareba, ramac SeiZleba romlebic safrTxes Seuqmnian procesis monawileTa sic-
gamoiwvios mexsierebis daqveiTeba, azrovnebis damaxinjeba, ocxlesa da janmrTelobas, Selaxaven maT pativsa da Rirse-
safrTxe Seuqmnas adamianis janmrTelobasa da sicocxles. bas.
kanonis Tanaxmad, ikrZaleba sicocxlisa da janmrTe-
lobisaTvis saSiSi, maTi pativisa da Rirsebis Semlaxavi 7) piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba
meTodebis gamoyeneba ara mxolod dakavebuli da dapatim- `piradi cxovrebis~ cneba moicavs adamianis cxovrebis
rebuli piris mimarT, aramed dazaralebulis, mowmis da im sferos, romelic mxolod mas ekuTvnis da ar eqvemde-
procesis nebismieri monawilis mimarT. bareba sazogadoebisa da saxelmwifos mxridan kontrols,
sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moqmedebebi, romlebic ex- Tu mas marTlzomieri xasiaTi aqvs.
eba pirovnebis xelSeuxeblobas mxolod gamonaklis SemTx- piradi cxovrebis sfero _ es aris urTierTdamokide-
vevaSi SeiZleba Catardes iZulebiT. saerTo wesidan gamon- buleba ojaxSi, _ urTierToba da kavSirebi sxva adami-
aklisi uSualod kanoniT unda iyos gaTvaliswinebuli. anebTan; piradi dRiurebis, werilebis da Canawerebis Si-
magaliTad, dazaralebuli da mowme iZulebiT SeiZleba naarsi; cxovrebis wesi da adamianis arsebobis yvela sxva
Seamowmon mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, roca eWvmitanili an garemoeba, romelsac TviTon ar Tvlis saWirod an SesaZle-
braldebuli moiTxovs Semowmebas, danaSaulis CadenaSi misi blad gaaxmauros; garemoebebi, romlebic konfidencialuri
mamxilebeli Cvenebis gabaTilebis mizniT. mowmisa da xasiaTisaa _ SesaZlebelia igi exebodes adamianis janmrTe-
dazaralebulis iZulebiT Semowmeba SeiZleba mxolod mosa- lobas, seqsualur orientacias da a.S.
marTlis brZanebiT (sssk 353-em). aseve dauSvebelia piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba konstituciiTa (me-20
dazaralebulisa da mowmis iZulebiTi eqspertiza da nimu- muxli) da saproceso kodeqsiT (sssk me-13 mux) garantire-
Sis aReba saeqsperto kvlevisaTvis, garda veneriuli Tu buli principia.
sxva infeqciuri daavadebis dadgenisa da agreTve im SemTx- kanonis Tanaxmad, mimowera, safosto gzavnili, piradi
vevebisa, roca eWvmitanili an braldebuli moiTxovs im Canaweri, satelegrafo Setyobineba, satelefono saubari,
dazaralebulis Cvenebis Semowmebas, romelic amxels mas sxva teqnikuri saSualebiT gadmocemuli an miRebuli pi-
danaSaulis CadenaSi. dazaralebulisa da mowmis iZulebiTi radi xasiaTis informacia xelSeuxebelia. piradi xasiaTis
eqspertizac dasaSvebia mxolod mosamarTlis brZanebis informaciis xelSeuxebloba gulisxmobs kavSiris saidum-
safuZvelze (sssk 368, 379-mm). loebas, rac imas niSnavs rom informacia Setyobinebebis,
kanoni calsaxad miuTiTebs rom gamomZiebeli, proku- saubrebis Taobaze SeiZleba iyos gacemuli mxolod misi
rori, mosamarTle valdebulni arian sisxlis samarTlis gamgzavnis, adresatis an misi kanonieri warmomadgenlis
procesis yvela stadiaze daicvan procesis monawileTa mier. sxva teqnikur saSualebebSi SeiZleba vigulisxmoT
pativi da Rirseba, sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa teletaipi, kompiuteruli kavSiri, eleqtronuli fosta

142 143
da sxv. piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobis garantias warmoad-
piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba moicavs sacxovrebeli gens: a) pirad cxovrebaSi TviTneburi Carevis dauSveblo-
binis an sxva mflobelobis xelSeuxeblobasac. sacxovreb- ba; b) piris Tanxmobis gareSe konfidencialuri infor-
el binas miekuTvneba: saxli, agaraki, koteji da a.S. sxva maciis gamJRavnebis dauSvebloba; g) pirad cxovrebaSi
mflobelobaSi igulisxmeba droebiTi sacxovrebeli bina, dausabuTebeli Carevis gamo miyenebuli zianis anazRaure-
saerTo sacxovrebeli, sastumro, farexi, sawyobi, damxmare bis ufleba; d) darRveuli uflebis sasamarTlo dacvis
nageboba da a.S. SesaZlebloba.
sacxovrebeli binis an sxva mflobelobis daTvaliere- piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba daculia aseve sisxlis
ba, mflobel pirTa nebis sawinaaRmdegod, agreTve Cxreka, samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobiT. kerZod, sisxlis samarTlis
amoReba, safosto-satelefono korespodenciaze, safosto pasuxismgebloba dawesebulia piradi an ojaxuri saidumloe-
gzavnilze yadaRis dadeba da qonebis CamorTmeva SeiZleba bis xelyofisaTvis (ssk 157-e m.); kerZo saubris saidumloe-
mxolod mosamarTlis brZanebiT an sasamarTlos ganCinebiT bis darRvevisaTvis (ssk 158-e m.) piradi mimoweris, tele-
(dadgenilebiT). Tu arsebobs kanoniT dadgenili gadaude- foniT saubris an sxvagvari xerxiT Setyobinebis saidumloe-
beli aucilebloba, aRniSnuli saproceso moqmedebebi bis darRvevisaTvis (ssk 159-e m.), binis an sxva mflobelo-
SeiZleba Catardes mosamarTlis brZanebis gareSe, magram bis xelSeuxeblobis darRvevisaTvis (ssk 160-e m.).
maTi kanoniereba da dasabuTebuloba unda Seamowmos mosa-
marTlem maT Sesaxeb masalebis wardgenidan araugvianes 24 8) sajarooba da dispoziciuroba
saaTisa. upirveles yovlisa, unda aRiniSnos, rom sisxlis sa-
piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxebloba moicavs aseve Semow- marTlis procesi sajaro bunebisaa. igi miekuTvneba sajaro
mebis, eqspertizis, sxva saproceso moqmedebis Catarebisas samarTlis dargs. igi awesrigebs saxelmwifo organoTa
piradi cxovrebis Sesaxeb cnobebis gamJRavnebis dauSve- saqmianobas da maT urTierTdamokidebulebas moqalaqeebTan.
blobas. ar unda gamJRavndes piradi xasiaTis cnobebi, prokuraturis mier ganxorcielebuli sisxlis samarT-
romelTa saidumlod dacvac pirs saWirod miaCnia. gamomZie- lebrivi devnisa da braldebis funqcia saxelmwifos sa-
beli, prokurori, mosamarTle valdebulia xelwerili jaro amocanaa. sssk-is me-14 muxlis Tanaxmad, gamomZiebeli,
CamoarTvas saproceso moqmedebis monawiles da gaafrTxi- prokurori, mosamarTle da sasamarTlo, romlebic moqmede-
los igi, raTa man ar gaamJRavnos aRniSnuli cnobebi. sasa- ben sajaro interesebis gaTvaliswinebiT, valdebulni ar-
marTlo ganxilvis dros piradi intimuri xasiaTis cnobeb- ian daadginon danaSauli da misi Camdeni piri.
is gaxmaurebis Tavidan asacileblad sxdoma SeiZleba sajaroobis principi gasdevs mTeli saqmis warmoebas
Catardes daxurulad. Ria sasamarTlo sxdomaze ki aseTi da uzrunvelyofs rogorc procesis saerTo amocanebis
cnobebi SeiZleba gamoqveyndes mxolod im piris TanxmobiT, Sesrulebas, ise misi calkeuli stadiebis uSualo amo-
romelsac igi exeba. canebis ganxorcielebas. sisxlis samarTlis procesis

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stadiebis xasiaTis, formisa da amocanebis gaTvaliswinebiT uflebebi realurad iyos uzrunvelyofili. saqmeSi
es principi vlindeba sxvadasxvagvarad. monawile pirTa uflebebisa da kanonieri interesebis
winaswar gamoZiebaSi sajaroobis principi gamoixateba dacva warmoadgens saxelmwifo organoebis sajaro-samarT-
imaSi, rom gamomZiebeli, prokurori movaleni arian dana- lebriv movaleobas da Seadgens sajaroobis sawyisis ele-
Saulis niSnebis arsebobisas daiwyon gamoZieba. kanoni am ments.
moTxovniT avaldebulebs procesis mwarmoebeli organos sasamarTlos sajaro roli mdgomareobs mxareebisaTvis
Tanamdebobis pirebs imoqmedon moqalaqeTa da mTlianad sa- saTanado pirobebis SeqmnaSi, raTa maT SeZlon kanoniT
zogadoebis interesebSi, romlebic dainteresebulni arian gaTvaliswinebuli uflebamosilebis praqtikuli realiza-
danaSaulTan efeqturi brZolis warmoebiT. gamomZiebeli, cia. braldebisa da dacvis mxareebs SeuZliaT Tavisuflad
romelic atarebs winaswar gamoZiebas, uflebamosilia Caa- gankargon TavianTi materialur-samarTlebrivi da sapro-
taros saqmeze yvela aucilebeli da saWiro kanoniT gaT- ceso uflebebi, gavlena moaxdinon rogorc sisxlis sa-
valiswinebuli sagamoZiebo moqmedeba, gamoiyenos saTanado marTlebrivi devnis dawyebaze, aseve sisxlis samarTlis
saproceso iZulebis RonisZiebebi. sajarooba vlindeba im- saqmis gadawyvetaze.
aSic, rom prokurori, gamomZiebeli movaleni arian sakuTari unda aRiniSnos, rom sssk me-14 muxlis pirveli nawili
iniciativiT Sekribon da gamoavlinon mtkicebulebebi, rom- Seicavs erTgvar uzustobas, radgan miuTiTebs sasamarTlos
lebic uaryofen dakavebuli piris mimarT arsebul eWvs an valdebulebaze daadginos danaSauli da misi Camdeni piri.
braldebulis mimarT wardgenil braldebas. aseve mkacrad mosamarTle da sasamarTlo ar arian uflebamosilni Caa-
unda iyos daculi kanoniT dadgenili wesi eWvmitanilisa taron kanoniT gaTvaliswilebuli yvela saproceso moq-
da braldebulisaTvis miyenebuli zianis anaRzaurebis Ses- medeba, rogorc sakuTari iniciativiT, ise dainteresebuli
axeb, rac maT miadgaT Tanamdebobis pirTa ukanono moqmede- piris SuamdgomlobiT. sasamarTlo ar aris sisxlissamarT-
bis Sedegad. lebrivi devnis organo es uflebamosileba rom ganaxor-
sajaroobis principis socialur _ samarTlebrivi arsi cielos.
vlindeba saxelmwifos interesebis organul SerwymaSi sajaroobasTan erTad samarTalwarmoebaSi arsebobs
moqalaqeTa uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis dacvasTan. dispoziciuri sawyisi. dispoziciuri (kerZo) sawyisi vlin-
pirovnebis kanonieri interesebis dacva sisxlis samarTlis deba kerZo da kerZo _ sajaro braldebis saqmeebze, sadac
procesSi gamomdinareobs saxelmwifos, sazogadoebis in- dazaralebulia uflebamosili daiwyos sisxlis samarT-
teresebidan. metic, kanonis Tanaxmad, pirad kanonier in- lebrivi devna. amasTan Tu mxareebi Serigdebian kerZo
teresebs aqvs prioriteti danaSaulis gaxsnisa da damnaSavis braldebis saqmeze gamoZieba da sisxlis samarTlebrivi
dasjis sajaro interesebTan SedarebiT. procesis devna, rogorc wesi, wydeba. gamonakliss warmoadgens am
monawileebs ganemartebaT TavianTi uflebebi da gamomZie- kategoriis saqmeTa warmoebaSi prokuroris monawileoba,
beli, prokurori uqmnian maT saTanado pirobebs, raTa es rac gamoricxavs sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis Sewyve-

146 147
tas. gamotanili iyos gadawyvetileba sisxlis samarTlebrivi
sisxlis samarTalwarmoebaSi dispoziciuri sawyisis devnis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb.
moqmedebis gafarToeba gulisxmobs kanonmdeblis mier yura-
dRebis gaZlierebas moqalaqeTa uflebebis, Tavisuflebeb- 9) sisxlis samarTlis procesis SejibrebiToba
isa da interesebis mimarT, uzrunvelyofs saproceso SejibrebiToba sisxlis samarTlis procesis qvakuTxe-
saqmianobaSi pirovnebis, sazogadoebis da saxelmwifos in- dia, radgan procesi xorcieldeba mxareTa Tanasworobisa
teresebis urTierTSerwymas. da SejibrebiTobis safuZvelze.
procesis dispoziciuri sawyisi vlindeba imaSic, rom mxareTa Tanasworobisa da SejibrebiTobis principis
prokuroris uari braldebaze iwvevs sisxlis samarT- ZiriTad elements warmoadgens braldebisa da dacvis fun-
lebrivi devnis anda winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyvetas an qciebis gamoyofa marTlmsajulebis funqciisagan da maTi
gamamarTlebeli ganaCenis gamotanas Tu dazaralebuli ar gamijvna erTmaneTisagan, mxareebis aRWurva Tanabari sap-
ewinaaRmdegeba mas. cxadia, am SemTxvevaSi adgili aqvs sa- roceso uflebebiT TavianTi funqciis ganxorcielebisas
jaroobis principis SezRudvas, magram ara uaryofas. da sasamarTlos dominirebuli roli gadawyvetilebis
kerZo braldebis saqmeze sasamarTlos sajaro roli miRebaSi.
vlindeba imaSi, rom is saxelmwifos saxeliT Rebulobs marTlmsajuleba SejibrebiTia maSin, roca sasamarTlo
zomebs, raTa Serigdnen mxareebi da aRdges sazogadoebrivi ganxilvis mxareebs SeuZliaT aqtiurad da Tanabar sawyise-
mSvidoba. sazogadoebrivi mSvidobis damkvidrebisaken aris bze amtkicon TavianTi poziciis utyuaroba, moiyvanon
mimarTuli inglisis, aSS-s, avtriis, iaponiis da sxva gan- amisaTvis argumentebi, ganmarton faqtebi da movlenebi,
viTarebuli qveynebis gamocdileba davebis e.w. alterna- waradginon mtkicebulebebi. amasTan sasamarTlo mizanmi-
tiuli gadawyvetis sferoSi. arakonfliqturi da Semrige- marTulad kontrols uwevs mxareTa moqmedebas, uzrunve-
bluri procedurebidan yvelaze ufro gamokveTil alter- lyofs kanoniT dadgenili sasamarTlo ganxilvis wesebis
nativas warmoadgens mediacia. braldebuli da dazaraleb- ganuxrel dacvas.
uli sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis organos an sasamarTlos sisxlis samarTlis procesSi monawile mxareebi Sei-
nebarTviT cdiloben gadawyviton konfliqti mediaciuri Zleba daiyos maT mier Sesrulebuli saproceso funqciis
SeTanxmebis farglebSi da amisaTvis mimarTaven mesame pirs mixedviT. braldebis funqcias axorcielebs prokurori,
Suamavlad. mediaciis gamoyenebis aucilebel pirobas war- dazaralebuli, misi warmomadgeneli, samoqalaqo mosarCele
moadgens piris braleulobis damadasturebeli sarwmuno da misi warmomadgeneli. dacvis funqcias axorcielebs
mtkicebulebebis arseboba, braldebis mier bralis aRi- eWvmitanili, braldebuli, gansasjeli, damcveli, samoqalaqo
areba da orive mxaris mzadyofna Semrigeblur proce- mopasuxe da misi warmomadgeneli1. swored CamoTvlili
durebSi monawileobaze. Semrigebluri SeTanxmebis safuZ-
1 z. meiSvilisa da o. jorbenaZis mier 2007 wels gamocemul `saqarT-
velze garkveuli pirobebis arsebobisas SesaZlebelia velos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis komentarebSi (gv. 66) aRniS-

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pirebi arian dapirispirebuli mxareebi procesSi, xolo dgomloba, gamovidnen sasamarTlo kamaTSi da a.S. _
saqmis gadawyvetis funqcias sasamarTlo axorcielebs. mTlianobaSi maTi saproceso mdgomareoba ar emTxveva, rad-
gasaTvaliswinebelia, rom mxareTa Tanasworoba gulisx- gan mtkicebis tvirTi awevs bralmdebels, xolo yovelgvari
mobs mxolod sufTa saproceso aspeqts anu mxareebi mx- eWvi ganimarteba braldebulis sasargeblod.
olod procesualurad arian Tanabarni, rac gulisxmobs mxareTa Tanasworoba da SejibrebiToba, marTalia, erT-
mxareTa aRWurvas Tanabari uflebebiTa da movaleobebiT. gvarad SezRuduli formiT, magram mainc xorcieldeba
kerZod, maT Tanabrad aqvT ufleba gaecnon saqmis masalebs, winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze. SezRudva gamoixateba imaSi,
ganacxadon acileba, aRZran Suamdgomloba, waradginon mt- rom winaswar gamoZiebaSi prokurori axorcielebs sisxlis
kicebulebebi, monawileoba miiRon mtkicebulebaTa gamokv- samarTlebrivi devnis funqcias da TviTonve Rebulobs
levaSi, gaasaCivron ukanono gadawyvetileba. mxareebs aqvT saqmis gamoZiebasTan dakavSirebiT yvela sakiTxze gadaw-
erTnairi SesaZlebloba gamoiyenon samarTlebrivad daSve- yvetilebas. braldebuli da damcveli ganaxorcieleben
buli saproceso saSualebebi TavianTi poziciis, Sexedule- dacvis funqcias iseT pirobebSi, roca maT ara aqvT mt-
bebis da moTxovnaTa dasabuTebisaTvis da meore mxaris kicebulebaTa Segrovebisa da wardgenis Tanabari SesaZle-
moTxovnebisa da mtkicebulebebis gasaqarwyleblad. bloba. iq, sadac braldeba da saqmis gadawyveta gaerTianeb-
samarTlianoba moiTxovs, rom mxareebi imyofebodnen ulia erTi piris xelSi, cxadia, SejibrebiTobas naklebi
Tanabar mdgomareobaSi. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi Sejibrebi- adgili rCeba (Tu saerTod rCeba adgili), Tumca isic aR-
Toba gadaizrdeba sisxlis samarTlebriv angariSsworebaSi. saniSnavia, rom kanonis Tanaxmad, dawesebulia sasamarTlo
Tumca ufro swori iqneboda gveTqva, mxareebi imyofebian kontroli gamomZieblisa da prokuroris im saproceso
miaxloebiT Tanabar mdgomareobaSi, radgan prokuroris, moqmedebaze, romelic dakavSirebulia moqalaqeTa konsti-
rogorc sisxlis samarTlebrivi mdevnelis saproceso sta- tuciuri uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis SezRudvasTan.
tusi ar emTxveva braldebulisa da misi damcvelis sapro- eWvmitanils, braldebuls, damcvels da procesis sxva
ceso statuss. TviT sasamarTlo sxdomazec ki, sadac mxa- monawiles kanoniT dadgenili wesiT ufleba aqvT sasamarT-
reebs aqvT garegnulad TiTqmis identuri uflebebi _ loSi gaasaCivron gamomZieblis an prokuroris uari Suam-
waradginon da gamoikvlion mtkicebulebebi, aRZran Suam- dgomlobis, saCivrisa da gancxadebis dakmayofilebaze.
magaliTad, sasamarTloSi SeiZleba gasaCivrdes sisxlis
nulia, rom TiTqos dacvis funqcia ekisrebaT mSobels da sxva kanonier
warmomadgenlebsac, rac ar aris swori. kanonis Tanaxmad, arasrulwlovani samarTlebrivi devnis anda winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyvetis
mowmis dakiTxva tardeba pedagogis an kanonieri warmomadgenlis Tandaswre- Sesaxeb prokuroris dadgenileba, eqspertizis daniSvnaze
biT. 7 wlamde asakis mowmis dakiTxva SeiZleba mSoblis an sxva kanonieri
warmomadgenlis TanxmobiT. magram es ar niSnavs imas, rom mSobeli an sxva
uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb gamomZieblis an prokuroris dadge-
warmomadgeneli dacvis funqcias axorcieleben. moqmedi sssk-is mniSvnelovan nileba.
monapovars warmoadgens mSoblebis, naTesavebis, megobrebis, sazogad. organiza- mxareTa Tanasworoba da SejibrebiToba sruli saxiT
ciebis ganTavisufleba dacvis movaleobisagan, rac maT ekisrebodaT sabWoTa
kanonmdeblobis safuZvelze.
vlindeba sasamarTloSi. sasamarTlo ar asrulebs dacvisa

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da braldebis funqcias. igi movalea mxareebs Seuqmnas sa- Tlis saqmis dabruneba dasaSvebi gaxda mxolod prokuro-
Tanado pirobebi maTi saproceso uflebebis realizaciisaT- ris Suamdgomlobis safuZvelze da ara sasamarTlos ini-
vis, pirvel rigSi ki mtkicebulebaTa wardgenisaTvis, maTi ciativiT; braldebulis mier bralis aRiarebis SemTxvevaSi,
yovelmxrivi da sruli gamokvlevisaTvis, Tvalyuri adevnos e.i. roca aRar aris dava braldebulTan, sasamarTlos Seu-
mxareTa moqmedebebis kanonierebas da uzrunvelyos saqmeze Zlia ar gaagrZelos mtkicebulebaTa gamokvleva da ar
WeSmaritebis dadgena. Caataros sasamarTlo gamoZieba srulad; prokuroris mier
iuridiul literaturaSi samarTliand aris aRniSnuli, braldebaze uaris Tqmis SemTxvevaSi, Tu mas daeTanxmeba
rom SejibrebiToba inarCunebs Tavis mniSvnelobas maSinac, dazaralebuli sasamarTlom unda Sewyvitos saqme an gam-
rodesac prokurori da damcveli erTsulovanni arian gan- oitanos gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni. Tumca, samarTlianoba
sasjelis arabraleulobis Sesaxeb TavianT daskvnebSi. maT moiTxovs aRiniSnos, rom es ukanaskneli debuleba meores
Soris polemikis ararseboba ar aerTianebs braldebisa da mxriv, arRvevs mxareTa Tanasworobis princips, radgan
dacvis funqciebs da TiToeuli maTgani saqmis garemoebebs upiratesobas braldebis mxares aniWebs da misi moTxovna
aSuqebs Tavisi saproceso funqciis farglebSi. saqmis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb savaldebulo xdeba sasamarTlosaT-
SejibrebiToba braldebisa da dacvis mxareTa uflebaa vis, maSin rodesac dacvis mxaris mier igive moTxovnis
_ Tanabar sawyisebze daicvan TavianTi mosazrebebi sasa- dayenebis SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlos aseTi valdebuleba ar
marTlos winaSe da ara movaleoba erTmaneTTan Caeban sa- akisria. garda amisa, kanonis aRniSnuli moTxovna arRvevs
marTlebriv davaSi. braldebisa da dacvis funqciebis da- mosamarTleTa damoukideblobis universalur principsac,
pirispireba ar gulisxmobs saxelmwifo bralmdeblisa da radgan, kanonis Tanaxmad mosamarTle damoukidebelia da
gansasjelis kanonieri interesebis dapirispirebas. saxelm- SeboWili ar aris mxareTa mosazrebebiT.
wifo bralmdebeli saqmeSi icavs saxelmwifos intresebs, mxareTa Tanasworoba da SejibrebiToba warmoadgens
braldebaze uaris Tqmis SemTxvevaSi igi aRiarebs sabral- mxareTa uflebebis da kanonieri interesebis realizaciis
debo daskvnis Sedgenisas daSvebul Secdomebs an sasamarT- garants. swored es principi aniWebs ganaCens gansakuTrebul
loSi braldebis daumtkiceblobas, magram ar iTavsebs damajereblobas da amaRlebas mis samarTlebriv mniS-
dacvis funqcias, anu am SemTxvevaSic ar erTiandeba bral- vnelobas.
debisa da dacvis funqciebi. SejibrebiToba ara mxolod sisxlis samarTlis proce-
kanonmdebeli Seecada sasamarTlos mier ganxorciele- sis principia, aramed igi warmoadgens sisxlis samarTlis
buli saqmis gadawyvetis funqcia gaewminda braldebisa da procesis tips. mxareTa Tanasworoba da mosamarTleTa
dacvis elementebisagan da amiT gadadga nabiji win Seji- damoukidebloba erTbliobaSi qmnian SejibrebiTi procesis
brebiTobis principis ganviTarebaSi. kerZod, aikrZala sasa- `myar konstruqcias~. SejibrebiTi samarTalwarmoebis yvela
marTlos mier axali braldebis wayeneba gansasjelis da sxva instituciuri principi logikurad gamomdinareobs am
axal pirTa mimarT; damatebiT gamoZiebaSi sisxlis samar- ori fundamenturi sawyisidan.

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SemTxvevaSi saqarTvelos generalur prokurors SeuZlia
10) saproceso SeTanxmeba sasamarTlos mimarTos SuamdgomlobiT braldebulis
saproceso SeTanxmebis instituti saproceso kanonmde- sasjelisagan srulad gaTavisuflebis moTxovniT, rasac
blobaSi XIV1 Tavis saxiT iqna SemoRebuli 2004 wlis 13 safuZvlad udevs braldebulis TanamSromloba sagamoZiebo
Tebervals. amave dros sssk-is me-151 muxliT ganisazRvra organoebTan da Tanamdebobis piris an gansakuTrebiT mZime
saproceso SeTanxmeba rogorc sisxlis samarTlis procesis danaSaulis Camdeni piris vinaobis gamovlena.
principi da misi Sinaarsi Camoyalibda Semdegnairad: sap- marTalia, saproceso SeTanxmeba SedarebiT axali in-
roceso SeTanxmeba xorcieldeba sasamarTlos damoukide- stitutia, magram man sakmaod farTod daimkvidra adgili
blobis principis dacviT. saproceso SeTanxmebis mizania sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo praqtikaSi da kritikis miuxe-
swrafi da efeqtiani marTlmsajulebis uzrunvelyofa. davad didi warmatebiT gamoiyeneba. migvaCnia, rom es insti-
unda aRiniSnos, rom Tanamedrove sisxlis samarTlis tuti garkveul daxvewas moiTxovs da saTanado cvlile-
procesSi aqtiurad yalibdeba daCqarebuli, swrafi samar- bebis gaTvaliswinebiT SesaZlebelia SenarCunebuli iyos
Talwarmoebis tendencia. kanonmdeblobaSi, magram ara rogorc sisxlis samarTlis
swrafi marTlmsajuleba gulisxmobs saproceso ekonomi- procesis principi, radgan igi ewinaaRmdegeba sisxlis sa-
is uzrunvelyofas, e.i. drois, Zalebis, saSualebebis da- marTlis procesis mTel rig fundamentur sawyisebs.
zogvas. mosamarTlem unda uzrunvelyos swrafad da efeq- upirveles yovlisa, saproceso SeTanxmeba winaaRmde-
tianad saqmeTa gadawyveta da mxareebs Seuqmnas saTanado gobaSia sisxlis samarTlis procesis SejibrebiTobasTan.
pirobebi, raTa maT SeZlon sakuTari poziciis dacva zed- saproceso SeTanxmebis dadebisas sruliad ignorirebulia
meti droisa da finansuri danaxarjebis gareSe, xelovnuri dazaralebulis interesebi. mas saproceso SeTanxmebis sa-
dabrkolebis gareSe. swrafi da efeqtiani marTlmsajule- fuZvelze gamotanili ganaCenis gasaCivrebis uflebac ara
ba gulisxmobs saqmis ganxilvas da gadawyvetas usafuZvlo aqvs.
gaWianurebis gareSe da umokles droSi optimaluri gad- saproceso SeTanxmeba winaaRmdegobaSia saqmis garemoe-
awyvetilebis miRebas. bebis yovelmxrivi, srulyofili, obieqturi gamokvlevis
rac Seexeba saproceso SeTanxmebis arss igi mdgomare- principTan. rogorc winaswar gamoZiebaSi, aseve sasamarT-
obs SemdegSi: sasamarTlos saqmis arsebiTi ganxilvis gareSe loSi saqmis garemoebebi unda iyos gamokvleuli yovelmxriv,
gamoaqvs ganaCeni. saproceso SeTanxmebis safuZveli SeiZle- srulad da obieqturad. saproceso SeTanxmebis dadebisaT-
ba iyos SeTanxmeba bralze an sasjelze. saproceso SeTanx- vis sakmarisia bralis aRiareba da aRiarebis nebayoflobi-
mebis safuZvelze prokurors ufleba aqvs moiTxovos TobaSi sasamarTlos darwmuneba. saqmis garemoebebis
braldebulisaTvis sasjelis Semcireba an danaSaulTa er- yovelmxrivi, sruli, obieqturi gamokvleva aris WeSmar-
Tobliobisas miiRos gadawyvetileba misTvis braldebis itebis dadgenis safuZveli. WeSmaritebis dadgena warmoad-
Semsubuqebis an nawilobriv moxsnis Taobaze. gansakuTrebul gens sisxlis samarTlis procesis uSualo mizans. sapro-

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ceso SeTanxmebis dadebisas ki WeSmaritebis dadgenaze moqmedi sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi ganasx-
laparaki zedmetia. vavebs saqveynoobisa da sajaroobis cnebebs erTmaneTisagan
saproceso SeTanxmeba ewinaaRmdegeba mtkicebulebaTa da orive cal-calke principis saxiT aris Camoyalibebuli.
Sinagani rwmeniT Sefasebis princips, romlis Tanaxmadac, iuridiul literaturaSi avtorTa nawili (magaliTad, a.T.
braldebulis aRiareba, Tu is ar dasturdeba sxva mtkice- koni, a.p. CebiSevi-dmitrievi, n.a. nekliudovi, m.s. strogovi-
bulebebiT sakmarisi ar aris mis mier danaSaulis Cadenis Ci) TiTqmis aigivebda am or cnebas procesSi. avtorTa
Sesaxeb daskvnisaTvis. ganaCeni SeiZleba efuZnebodes mxolod nawili ki (magaliTad k.k. arsenievi, v.n. palauzovi, v.k.
erTmaneTTan SeTanxmebul mtkicebulebaTa erTobliobas. sluCevski, i.a. foinicki) Tvlida, rom sajarooba igive
saproceso SeTanxmeba ewinaaRmdegeba sisxlis samarTlis oficialuroba procesis damoukidebeli principia, romel-
procesis uSualobisa da zepirobis princips, romlis Ta- sac unari aqvs iarsebos saqveynoobis principTan erTad.
naxmadac sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebas safuZvlad udevs `adamianis uflebebisa da ZiriTadi Tavisuflebebis
mxolod is mtkicebulebebi, romlebic gamokvleuli iyo Sesaxeb evropuli konvencia iTvaliswinebs yoveli adamianis
sasamarTlo sxdomaze mxareTa monawileobiT. saproceso uflebas samarTlianad da sajarod iyos misi saqme ganxi-
SeTanxmebis safuZvelze ganaCenis gamotanis SemTxvevaSi ki luli. sajaroobis cneba faqtobrivad ganmartebulia ada-
ar warmoebs mtkicebulebebis gamokvleva. mianis uflebaTa dacvis evropuli sasamarTlos gadaw-
saproceso SeTanxmeba ewinaaRmdegeba sajaroobasa da yvetilebebSi, sadac ZiriTadad gatarebulia azri, rom
dispoziciurobas. sajarooba moiTxovs gamomZiebelma, sajarooba es aris is, rac xelmisawvdomia farTo sazoga-
prokurorma, mosamarTlem daadginon danaSauli da misi doebisaTvis, anu sajarooba gaTanabrebulia procesis
Camdeni piri, Caataron yvela saproceso moqmedeba, rogorc saqveynoobasTan.
sakuTari iniciativiT, ise dainteresebuli piris Suamdgom- sisxlis samarTlis procesis saqveynooba, upirveles
lobiT, rac saproceso SeTanxmebis dadebisas ar xorciel- yovlisa, gulisxmobs saqmis ganxilvas sasamarTloSi Ria
deba. aseve ignorirebulia dispoziciurobis sawyisi, radgan, sxdomaze, sajarod, saqveynod. moqalaqes 16 wlis asakidan
rogorc ukve aRvniSneT, saqmis arsebiTi ganxilvis gareSe ufleba aqvs daeswros saqmis ganxilvas. saqveynoobis prin-
ganaCenis gamotanisas ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli dazarale- cipis safuZvelze sazogadoebas eZleva SesaZlebloba Seafa-
bulis interesebi. sos procesis mimdinareoba da Sedegebi da amiT moaxdinos
saproceso SeTanxmeba garkveulawilad ewinaaRmdegeba sasamarTlos saqmianobis Taobaze sazogadoebrivi azris
kanonis da sasamarTlos winaSe Tanasworobis, saproceso formireba. saqveynooba uzrunvelyofs procesis mwarmoe-
moqmedebisa da gadawyvetilebis gasaCivrebis Tavisuflebis beli organos saqmianobaze socialur kontrols, sasa-
da sxva principebs. marTlo xelisuflebis avtoritetis amaRlebas. rodesac
sasamarTlo sxdomaTa darbazSi mxolod mxareebi monawileo-
11) sisxlis samarTlis procesis saqveynooba ben da ara farTo sazogadoebrioba, es garemoeba Sejibre-

156 157
biTobas uzRudavs dinamizms da simZafres, TiTqos mosamar- lo procesis foto, kino da videogadaRebis masalebi, Tu
Tlis, prokuroris, damcvelis pasuxismgeblobis grZnoba es ar ewinaaRmdegeba kanons.
naklebia. cxadia, udidesi mniSvneloba aqvs sasamarTlo `saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb~ organuli kanonis
Senobis garegan da Sinagan iers, garemos. iuridiul lit- me-12 muxlis Tanaxmad daSvebulia sasamarTlo sxdomis
eraturaSi samarTlianad aris aRniSnuli, rom samarTal- stenografireba da audioCawera sasamarTlos mier dadge-
warmoeba ara mxolod gulisxmobs marTlmsajulebis ganx- nili wesiT. es imas niSnavs, rom procesis monawileebs,
orcielebas, aramed unda gamoiyurebodes rogorc marTlm- sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazSi myof pirebs sasamarTlos
sajuleba. winaswari nebarTvis safuZvelze eqnebaT SesaZlebloba
saqveynoba gulisxmobs imasac, rom sasamarTlo pro- moaxdinon sasamarTlo sxdomis audioCawera, rac SeiZleba
cesi iyos gaSuqebuli masmediis saSualebebiT, rac unda SeizRudos aseve mosamarTlis, sasamarTlos motivirebuli
ganxorcieldes saproceso kanonis farglebSi. sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebiT. marTalia, nebarTvis gacemisas ar aris
pativiscemiTa da gagebiT unda moekidos masmediis miswrafe- kanonSi miTiTebuli saproceso aqtis gamotanis aucile-
bas gaaSuqon sasamarTlo saqmianoba, magram ar unda uSlides blobaze, magram radganac SezRudva moiTxovs sasamarTlo
xels sasamarTlo procesis Catarebas da ar unda iyos gadawyvetilebis gamotanas, unda vivaraudoT, rom nebarT-
gamoyenebuli rogorc sasamarTlos mimarT zemoqmedeba. vis gacema (anu kanonSi miTiTebuli sasamarTlos mier
saproceso kodeqsi cvlilebebis Setanamde (2007 w. 11 dadgenili wesis gamoyeneba) praqtikulad unda ganxor-
ivlisi) uSvebda sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvisas foto, cieldes saTanado saproceso gadawyvetilebis gamotanis
kino, videogadaRebas, audioCanawers, radioTi da tele- safuZvelze.
viziiT procesis translacias sasamarTlos motivirebuli aris Tu ara kanonis aRniSnuli moTxovna saqveynoobis
gadawyvetilebis safuZvelze. aRniSnuli gadawyvetilebebis principis SuzRudva?
gamoyenebis akrZalvac daSvebuli iyo sasamarTlos gadaw- erTis mxriv, bolo periodSi saqarTvelos saerTo
yvetilebebiT. amasTan masobrivi informaciis saSualebebs sasamarTloebSi Catarebulma gaxmaurebulma procesebma
SeeZloT Tavisuflad gaeSuqebinaT sasamarTlo procesis cxadyves, rom masmediis mier videomasalis safuZvelze
mimdinareoba da Sedegebi, oRond am dros maT unda exelmZ- ganxorcielebulma sasamarTlo procesis gaSuqebam farTo
RvanelaT udanaSaulobis prezumfciis principiT. sazogadoebas misca SesaZlebloba Tvalyuri edevnebina
kanonSi Sesuli cvlilebebis Sedegad ara mxolod sasa- sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis dros mimdinare procesebi-
marTlo sxdomis darbazSi, aramed sasamarTlos SenobaSic sadmi, eqscesebisadmi da Seefasebina sasamarTlos mier
ki saerTod akrZalulia da dauSvebelia saqmis ganxilvis miRebuli gadawyvetilebis samarTlianoba da kanoniereba.
foto, kino da videogadaReba, garda im SemTxvevisa, rode- meores mxriv, aRmoCnda, rom aRniSnuli videomasala,
sac aRniSnuli xorcieldeba sasamarTlos mier. sasamarTlo reportaJi, siuJeti masmediis mier SeiZleba gamoyenebuli
uflebamosilia gaavrcelos mis xelT arsebuli sasamarT- iyos ama Tu im politikuri jgufis, klanis interesebis

158 159
sazianod Tu sasargeblod. unda vaRiaroT, rom masmedia vlebi mocemulia aseve samoqalaqo da politikuri ufle-
pirdapir Tu arapirdapir, magram aSkarad zemoqmedebas axdens bebis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso paqtis me-14 muxlSi.
sasamarTloze. videokamerebi, rogorc teqnikuri gamoyeneb- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
is TvalsazrisiT, aseve fsiqologiuri kuTxiTac xels me-16 muxlis me-4 nawili gansazRvravs sasamarTlos ufle-
uSlis sasamarTlos _ misi yuradReba koncentrirebuli bamosilebas Caataros mTlianad an nawilobriv daxuruli
iyos mxolod da mxolod gansaxilveli saqmis garemoebebis sasamarTlo sxdoma saxelmwifo, samsaxurebrivi an komer-
mimarT. amasTan erTad, telekamerebi sxdomaTa darbazSi ciuli saidumloebis dacvis mizniT, agreTve piradi mimow-
uneburad iwveven procesis monawileTa pirad cxovrebaSi eris da satelegrafo Setyobinebis sasamarTlo sxdomaze
farTo auditoriis Carevas. amitom dauSvebelia pirdapiri gamoqveynebisas, Tu amaze Tanaxma ar aris piri. garda amisa,
translacia sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazidan. demokratiu- mxaris moTxovniT mTlianad an nawilobriv daxarul sasa-
lobis maRali xarisxi da sazogadoebis socialuri kon- marTlo sxdomaze ganixileba arasrulwlovanis danaSaulis
trolis aucilebloba ar SeiZleba davupirispiroT mo- saqme, sqesobrivi danaSaulis, adamianiT vaWrobis (trefik-
qalaqeTa piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobisa da mosa- ingis) danaSaulis da sxva kategoriis saqmeebi, raTa ar
marTleTa damoukideblobis saerTaSoriso samarTlebriv gaxmaurdes cnobebi saqmeSi monawile pirTa intimuri an
principebs. piradi cxovrebis saidumloebis Sesaxeb, rodesac amas
sasamarTlo sxdomis fiqsacia sxvadasxva teqnikuri moiTxovs procesis monawilisa da misi ojaxis wevrebis an
saSualebebiT unda ganxorcieldes uSualod sasamarTlos axlo naTesavebis piradi usafrTxoebis dacva.
mier da dainteresebul mxares, Tu procesis sxva monawiles garda amisa, daxurul sasamarTlo sxdomaze ganix-
unda mieces SesaZlebloba saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi miiRos ileba sagamoZiebo organoebis wardgineba (Suamdgomloba)
Sesabamisi masala. piris konstituciuri uflebebis SemzRudveli saproceso
adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa evrop- iZulebiTi RonisZiebebis da saproceso moqmedebebis gamoy-
uli konvenciis me-6 muxlis Tanaxmad, presa da sazoga- enebis mizniT sasamarTlo brZanebisa da dadgenilebis
doeba SesaZlebelia ar iyos daSvebuli sasamarTlo ganx- gamoTxovis Taobaze, garda aRkveTis RonisZiebis gamoyene-
ilvis msvlelobis mTel manZilze an mis nawilze demokra- bis SemTxvevisa. Tumca sssk 160-e muxlis me-6 nawilis
tiul sazogadoebaSi arsebuli zneobis, sazogadoebrivi Tanaxmad, am ukanasknel SemTxvevaSic SesaZlebelia sxdomis
wesrigis an erovnuli uSiSroebis mosazrebebidan gamom- daxurva wesrigis dacvis uzrunvelyofis mizniT.
dinare, aseve Tu amas moiTxovs arasrulwlovanis inter- miuxedavad imisa, saqme Ria sxdomaze iyo ganxiluli
esebi, anda mxareTa piradi cxovrebis dacva, anda gansa- Tu daxurul sxdomaze, miRebuli gadawyvetileba cxad-
kuTrebul garemoebaTa gamo, rodesac saqveynoobiT dar- deba saqveynod.
Rveuli iqneboda marTlmsajulebis interesebi. aRsaniSnavia, rom sisxlis samarTlis procesis saqvey-
saqveynoobis principis SezRudvis dasaxelebuli safuZ- nooba moicavs ara mxolod saqmis ganxilvas sasamarTloSi

160 161
Ria sxdomaze, aramed SuzRuduli formiT, magram mainc igi ufleba aqvs misces Cveneba, gaakeTos gancxadeba, aRZras
moicavs winaswari gamoZiebis stadiasac. Suamdgomloba, Seitanos saCivari, gamovides sasamarTloSi
winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze saqveynooba gulisxmobs mSobliur enaze an im enaze, romelic ukeT icis. amasTan
gamomZieblis, prokuroris gadawyvetilebiT winaswari procesis monawiles, romelmac ar icis, an arasaTanadod
gamoZiebis masalebis gaSuqebas masmediis saSualebebiT, _ icis procesis ena daeniSneba Tarjimani. Tarjimnis xarjebs
presaSi, radioTi, televiziiT. saxelmwifo aanazRaurebs.
winaswari gamoZiebis monacemebis naadrevma gaxmaurebam samarTalwarmoebis enis ar mcodned iTvleba piri,
SeiZleba xeli SeuSalos danaSaulis gaxsnas. amitom romelsac ar esmis an cudad esmis samarTalwarmoebis ena
gamoZiebis monacemebi sajaro SeiZleba gaxdes mxolod im da ar Seswevs unari Tavisuflad ganmartos mocemul enaze
moculobiT, rogorc amas miiCneven gamomZiebeli da proku- esa Tu is terminebi an garemoebebi, rac dakavSirebulia
rori. saqmis warmoebasTan.
cxadia, aRniSnuli masalis gaxmaurebisas dasaxele- samarTalwarmoebis enis ar mcodne piris TarjimniT
bulma Tanamdebobis pirebma unda daicvan udanaSaulobis uzrunvelyofaze uaris Tqma ganixileba rogorc sisxlis
prezumfciis principi. samarTlis saproceso kanonis arsebiTi darRveva. Tarjimani
sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazSi ar daiSveba 16 wels SeiZleba iyos mxolod is piri, romelic Tavisuflad flobs
miuRweveli piri, Tu igi ar aris mxare an mowme. aseve ar samarTalwarmoebis enas da im enas, romelic procesis
daiSveba SeiaraRebuli piri, Tu is ar aris iusticiis monawilisaTvis mSobliuria an romelic man ukeT icis.
saministros sabadrago samsaxuris TanamSromeli, romlis Tarjimanis Sromis anazRaureba xdeba saxelmwifos xarjze.
daSveba sxdomis darbazSi moxdeba sasamarTlo sxdomis dauSvebelia procesis mwarmoebeli Tanamdebobis piris mier
Tavmjdomaris nebarTviT. Tarjimnis movaleobis Sesruleba.
marTalia, saproceso dokumentebi unda iyos Sedgenili
12) sisxlis samarTlis procesis ena saxelmwifo enaze, magram maTi aslebi braldebuls, gan-
saqarTvelos konstituciidan gamomdinare sisxlis sa- sasjels da procesis sxva monawiles unda gadaeces Tavis
marTlis saproceso kodeqsis me-17 muxli adgens, rom mSobliur enaze, an im enaze Targmnili, romelic man ukeT
sisxlis samarTlis procesi xorcieldeba qarTul enaze, icis. roca ganaCeni cxaddeba imavdroulad unda iyos is
afxazeTSi _ agreTve afxazur enaze. Tarjimnis mier gadaTargmnili gansasjelis mSobliur enaze,
kanoni gansazRvravs ra samarTalwarmoebis enas, imavdrou- an im enaze, romelic man ukeT icis.
lad sisxlis samarTlis procesis TiToeul monawiles aZlevs sagamoZiebo da sxva saproceso moqmedebebSi Tarjimnis
Tavisi mSobliuri enis gamoyenebis uflebis garantias. monawileoba uzrunvelyofs samarTalwarmoebis enis arm-
saproceso kanonmdeblobis Tanaxmad, Tu saqmis ganxil- codne piris uflebebisa da kanonieri interesebis dacvas,
vaSi monawile pirma ar icis samarTalwarmoebis ena, mas imavdroulad ki xels uwyobs procesis mwarmoebel orga-

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nos miiRos sruli da zusti informacia dasakiTxi piri-
sagan, ganmartebis, Cvenebis mimcemi pirisagan. 13) saqmis garemoebebis yovelmxrivi, obieqturi da
kanonmdebeli mxedvelobaSi iRebs imas, rom Tarjimnis sruli gamokvleva
daxmarebiTac ki Zalze Znelia sakuTari Tavis dacvis saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
uflebis ganxorcieleba im pirisaTvis, romelmac ar icis me-18 muxlis Tanaxmad, gamomZiebeli, prokurori, mosa-
samarTalwarmoebis ena, amitom savaldebulo wesiT uSvebs marTle da sasamarTlo valdebulni arian utyuarad daadg-
damcvelis monawileobas rogorc winaswar gamoZiebaSi, aseve inon moxda Tu ara danaSauli, vin Caidina igi da gaarkvi-
sasamarTlo ganxilvis dros. on mtkicebis sagnis yvela sxva garemoeba sisxlis samarT-
sisxlis samarTlis procesis saxelmwifo enaze ganx- lis saqmesTan dakavSirebiT. saqmis garemoebebis gamokvl-
orcielebis principi gulisxmobs imasac, rom gamomZiebeli, eva unda iyos yovelmxrivi, obieqturi da sruli.
prokurori da mosamarTle movaleni arian kargad flobd- aRniSnuli principis moqmedeba vrceldeba sisxlis sa-
nen saxelmwifo enas. enis ar codna an arasaTanadod cod- marTlis procesis yvela stadiaze _ rogorc winaswar
na maT xels uSlis jerovnad Seasrulon TavianTi sapro- gamoZiebaSi, aseve sasamarTloSi.
ceso movaleobebi Tarjimnis daxmarebiTac ki da arTmevs saqmis garemoebaTa yovelmxrivi gamokvleva gulisxmobs
SesaZleblobas mosamarTles monawileoba miiRos saTaTbiro saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone yvela garemoebis, garemoe-
oTaxSi gadawyvetilebis miRebaSi, sadac Tarjimnis Sesvla baTa calkeuli mxareebis da saqmesTan kavSirSi myofi,
dauSvebelia. Sesaxebi mtkicebulebebis gamokvlevas. yovelmxrivi gamokv-
sisxlis samarTlis procesis saxelmwifo enaze ganx- leva moicavs aseve saqmeze yvela SesaZlebeli versiis
orcielebis principi SesaZlebels xdis yvela moqalaqisaT- wamoyenebas da Semowmebas, rac xels uwyobs saqmis gamoZie-
vis iyos xelmisawvdomi da gasagebi sisxlis samarTalwar- bis mimarTulebis gansazRvras da iZleva SesaZleblobas
moeba. igi amave dros warmoadgens saqmeSi monawile yvela Tavidan iyos acilebuli calmxrivoba saqmis warmoebaSi.
piris kanonisa da sasamarTlos winaSe Tanasworobis garan- saqmis garemoebebis sruli gamokvleva gulisxmobs mt-
tias miuxedavad erovnuli kuTvnilebisa, igi aseve war- kicebis saganSi Semavali yvela garemoebis dadgenas. saqmis
moadgens procesis monawileTa uflebebisa da kanonieri garemoebebis sruli gamokvleva moicavs yvela im piris
interesebis dacvis garantiasac. sisxlis samarTlis pro- sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemas, romlebmac da-
cesis saxelmwifo enaze ganxorcielebis principi warmoad- naSauli Caidines braldebulTan erTad, TanamonawileobiT,
gens erovnuli Tanasworobis saxelmwifoebrivi garantiis aseve braldebulis mier Cadenili yvela qmedebis, qmedebis
gamovlenas. amave dros, igi qmnis saqmis garemoebebis calkeuli epizodebis dadgenas. saqmis garemoebebis sruli
yovelmxrivi, sruli da obieqturi gamokvlevis pirobebs, gamokvleva aseve gulisxmobs danaSaulis Cadenis xerxis,
uzrunvelyofs saqveynoobis, zepirobis, mxareTa Tanasworo- saSualebis, motivis gansazRvrasac. saqmisaTvis mniSvnelo-
bis, SejibrebiTobis da sxva sawyisebis realizacias. bis mqone garemoebebis arasruli gamokvleva iwvevs ganaCenis

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gauqmebas. yovelmxrivi, sruli da obieqturi gamokvlevisaTvis sa-
saqmis garemoebebis obieqturi gamokvleva gulisxmobs Tanado pirobebiT, maT Soris mtkicebulebaTa gamokvlevaSi
imas, rom Tanabrad iyos gamokvleuli braldebulis rogorc monawileobis SesaZleblobiT.
mamxilebeli da misi pasuxismgeblobis damamZimebeli gare- gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis miukerZoe-
moebebi, aseve braldebulis gamamarTlebeli da misi pasux- bloba gulisxmobs imas, rom aRniSnuli Tanamdebobis
ismgeblobis Semamsubuqebeli garemoebebi. obieqturoba pirebi ar unda iyvnen dainteresebuli saqmis SedegiT, rac
samarTlebrivi da zneobrivi moTxovnaa. igi gulisxmobs gamoricxavs maT monawileobas samarTalwarmoebaSi.
gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis miukerZoeblobas, aRsaniSnavia, rom udanaSaulobis prezumfciis principis
maT mier gadawyvetilebis miRebas saqmis faqtobrivi masalis realizacia praqtikulad problematuri iqneboda kanoni
mixedviT da gamoricxavs maTi mxridan subieqtivizms, ten- procesis mwarmoebeli organosagan rom ar moiTxovdes
denciurobas, rasac saboloo jamSi mivyavarT sabraldebo saqmis garemobebis yovelmxriv, obieqtur da srul gamokv-
gadaxramde. levas. Tavis mxriv, aRniSnuli principis dacvis garantias
aRniSnuli principis Sinaarsidan gamomdinare eWvmita- warmoadgens braldebis mtkicebis movaleobis braldebu-
nilis, braldebulisa da damcvelis yvela gancxadeba da lisaTvis dakisrebis akrZalva.
saCivari udanaSaulobisa Tu naklebi bralis, danaSaulSi saqmis garemoebebis yovelmxrivi, sruli, obieqturi
sxva pirTa monawileobis, danaSaulis gamoZiebis an sasa- gamokvlevis principi udevs safuZvlad sisxlis samarTlis
marTloSi saqmis ganxilvis dros kanonierebis sxva dar- saqmeTa gaerTianebasa da gamoyofas, piris braldebulis
Rvevebis Taobaze guldasmiT unda Semowmdes. saxiT pasuxisgebaSi micemas, sabraldebo daskvnis Sedgenas,
saqmis garemoebebis yovelmxrivi, sruli da obieqturi ganaCenis gamotanas.
gamokvleva gamoricxavs mtkicebis procesSi ukanono da saqmis garemoebebis yovelmxrivi, sruli, obieqturi
arazneobrivi saSualebebis gamoyenebis SesaZleblobas. gamokvleva uzrunvelyofs saqmeze kanonieri, dasabuTebuli
magaliTad, braldebulisagan an procesis sxva subieqtebi- da samarTliani gadawyvetilebis miRebas, saqmeSi monawile
sagan Cvenebis CamorTmevas Zaladobis, muqaris, SantaJis da pirTa uflebebisa da kanonieri interesebis dacvas da rac
sxva ukanono meTodebis gamoyenebiT. yvelaze mniSvnelovania saqmis garemoebebis, yovelmxrivi,
gamomZiebeli, prokurori movaleni arian miiRon kanoniT sruli, obieqturi gamokvleva aris sisxlis samarTlis
gaTvaliswinebuli zomebi saqmis garemoebebis yovelmxrivi, saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgenis Seucvleli winapiroba.
sruli, obieqturi gamokvlevis uzrunvelsayofad, raTa 14) mtkicebulebis Sefaseba Sinagani rwmeniT
saqmis faqtobrivi garemoebebi dadgindes im saxiT, rogorc mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba mtkicebis procesis erT-erTi
maT hqondaT sinamdvileSi adgili. sasamarTlo inarCunebs etapia. mtkicebis procesi aris Semecnebis procesi, sadac
ra obieqturobasa da miukerZoeblobas uzrunvelyofs dgindeba WeSmariteba. mtkicebis procesis elementebi _
braldebisa da dacvis mxareebs saqmis garemoebebis mtkicebulebaTa Sekreba, damagreba, Semowmeba da Sefaseba,

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urTierTkavSirSia, erTi mTliani procesia. praqtiulad mtkicebulebaTa utyuaroba gulisxmobs mis saimedoobas,
warmoudgenelia mtkicebulebaTa Sekreba, damagreba da sarwmunoobas. utyuaria mtkicebuleba, romlis sarwmunoo-
Semowmeba maTi Sefasebis gareSe. bis xarisxi maRalia.
unda iTqvas, rom mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba ar aris mx- mtkicebulebaTa sakmarisoba gansazRvravs mtkicebis
olod saxelmwifo organoTa monopolia. mtkicebulebebs farglebs. sakmarisoba mxolod mtkicebulebaTa raodenobas
afaseben rogorc procesis mwarmoebeli saxelmwifo orga- ar gulisxmobs. igi mtkicebulebaTa Tvisobriv maxasiaTeb-
nos Tanamdebobis pirebi, aseve procesis is monawilenic, elsac warmoadgens. SeiZleba iTqvas, sakmarisoba wminda
romelTac damoukidebuli saproceso interesi gaaCniaT SefasebiTi kategoriaa. aris Tu ara sakmarisi saqmeze
saqmeSi (eWvmitanili, braldebuli, gansasjeli, maTi dam- Sekrebili mtkicebulebebi piris damnaSaved cnobis Sesaxeb
cveli, dazaralebuli da misi warmomadgeneli, samoqalaqo gadawyvetilebis misaRebad _ procesis mwarmoebelma or-
mosarCele, samoqalaqo mopasuxe da maTi warmomadgeneli). ganom da Tanamdebobis pirma unda Seafason.
amasTan gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis mier mt- sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis me-19 muxlis
kicebulebaTa Sefasebis safuZvelze sisxlis samarTlis Tanaxmad, araviTar mtkicebulebas ara aqvs winaswar dadge-
saqmeze miiReba gadawyvetileba, xolo procesis danarCeni nili Zala. gamomZiebeli, prokurori, mosamarTle da sasa-
monawileebis mier mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba qmnis bazas marTlo mtkicebulebebs afaseben TavianTi Sinagani rwmeniT.
saCivris, gancxadebis, Suamdgomlobis SedgenisaTvis. rwmena ar aris arc intuicia, arc varaudi. rwmena fsiqolo-
mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba es aris sisxlis samarTlis giur literaturaSi ganixileba rogorc gare samyaros
procesis subieqtebis azrobrivi saqmianobis Sedegi, romel- Semecnebis Sedegi. procesualistebi ganixilaven rwmenas
ic moicavs mtkicebulebaTa Sesaxebobis, dasaSvebobis, `SinaganTan~ erTad, rogorc mtkicebulebaTa Sefasebis me-
utyuarobis da sakmarisobis dadgenas. Tods, saSualebas, kriteriums, rogorc mtkicebulebaTa
mtkicebelebaTa Sesaxeboba gulisxmobs mis damokideb- Sefasebis Sedegs.
ulebas sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan. mocemuli saqmis mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba Sinagani rwmeniT ar niSnavs
Sesaxebia mtkicebuleba, romelic naTels hfens saqmis Tun- mtkicebulebaTa Sefasebas subieqturi mosazrebebisa da
dac erT romelime garemoebas, erT detals da aqedan piradi Sexedulebebis safuZvelze. Sinagani rwmena unda
gamomdinare kavSirSia am saqmesTan. emyarebodes saqmis masalebis yovelmxriv, srulyofil da
mtkicebulebaTa dasaSveboba gulisxmobs mis vargisian- obieqtur gamokvlevasa da Seswavlas. amasTan sisxlis sa-
obas. uvargisia, dauSvebelia mtkicebuleba, Tu misi mop- marTlis procesSi gansazRvrulia mtkicebulebebis Tav-
ovebisas darRveulia saproceso kodeqsis moTxovnebi. mt- isufali Sefaseba. rac imas niSnavs, rom procesis mwar-
kicebuleba dauSveblad miiCneva procesis mwarmoebeli moebeli organos erTi Tanamdebobis piris mier mtkiceb-
organos Tanamdebobis piris dadgenilebiT da igi saqmidan ulebebis Sefasebis Sedegi savaldebulo ar aris meore
unda iyos amoRebuli. pirisaTvis. gamomZiebeli, prokurori, mosamarTle cal-

168 169
calke, damoukideblad afaseben yvela mtkicebulebebs. imas, rom ar aris gamorCeuli arc erTi maTgani. ganaCenis
sisxlis samarTlis procesis subieqtebi mtkicebule- aRwerilobiT-samotivacio nawilSi sasamarTlom unda daas-
baTa Sefasebisas xelmZRvaneloben kanoniT da marTlSegnebiT. abuTos ratom ar eTanxmeba ama Tu im mtkicebulebas, an
es imas niSnavs, rom mtkicebulebaTa Sefasebisas unda iyos ratom udevs ganaCens safuZvlad sxva mtkicebulebas.
gamoyenebuli saproceso kanonis normebi. aucilebelia mt- mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba unda iyos damyarebuli saqmis
kicebulebaTa Sefasebis subieqts hqondes moqmedi sapro- masalebis yovelmxriv, srul, obieqtur gamokvlevaze. mt-
ceso kanonmdeblobis saTanado codna da misi analizisa da kicebulebaTa Sefasebazea damokidebuli ZiriTadi sapro-
ganzogadebis unari. ceso gadawyvetilebebis (braldebis wayeneba, aRkveTis
kanonis Tanaxmad, arc erT mtkicebulebas ara aqvs wi- RonisZiebebis SerCeva, Secvla, gauqmeba, winaswari gamoZie-
naswar dadgenili Zala. es imas niSnavs, rom ar arsebobs bis SeCereba, Sewyveta, sabraldebo daskvnis Sedgena, gan-
prioritetuli mtkicebuleba. iyo periodi, roca eqspertis aCenis Sedgena) miReba.
daskvnas, bralis aRiarebas upiratesoba eniWeboda. cxadia, mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba Sinagani rwmeniT warmoadgens
es Secdoma iyo. bralis aRiareba calsaxad ar niSnavs imas, gamomZieblis da prokuroris mier kanoniT dadgenil far-
rom danaSauli braldebulis mier aris Cadenili, radgan glebSi gadawyvetilebis miRebisas damoukideblobis erT-erT
bralis aRiarebas SeiZleba adgili hqondes sxvadasxva mo- winapirobas, mosamarTleTa damoukideblobisa da maTi mx-
tiviT, kerZod, ufro mZime danaSaulis Cadenis dafarvis olod kanonisadmi daqvemdebarebis principis realizaciis
gamo, axlobeli adamianis sisxlis samarTlis pasuxismge- winapirobas.
blobisagan ganTavisuflebis mizniT, kriminaluri avto-
ritetis saxelis damkvidrebis motiviT, angarebis, muqaris, 15) sisxlis samarTlis procesis uSualoba da zepi-
SantaJis gamo da a.S. amitom bralis aRiarebis SemTxvevaSi roba
saqmis garemoebebi unda iyos gamokvleuli srulad da sisxlis samarTlis procesis uSualoba gulisxmobs,
yovelmxriv iseve, rogorc bralis uaryofis SemTxvevaSi. upirveles yovlisa, gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis
kanonis Tanaxmad, bralis aRiareba, Tu is ar dasturdeba valdebulebas saqmis warmoebisas uSualod, TviTon dakiTx-
sxva mtkicebulebebiT, sakmarisi ar aris mis mier danaSau- on braldebuli, gansasjeli, dazaralebuli, mowme; Seis-
lis Cadenis Sesaxeb daskvnisaTvis. ganaCeni SeiZleba efuZne- wavlon da moisminon eqspertis daskvna, Seamowmon nivTieri
bodes mxolod erTmaneTTan SeTanxmebul mtkicebulebaTa mtkicebuleba. sasamarTlom ganaCens safuZvlad unda daudos
erTobliobas. yvela mtkicebuleba unda iyos Sefasebuli mxolod is mtkicebulebebi, romlebic uSualod gamoikvlia
rogorc cal-calke, izolirebulad, ise mTlianobaSi da ganixila sasamarTlo sxdomaze mxareTa monawileobiT.
saqmeze Sekrebil yvela masalaTa erTobliobaSi. mtkicebulebaTa gamokvleva sasamarTloSi unda ganxor-
mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba erTobliobaSi ar niSnavs imas, cieldes sasamarTlos sruli SemadgenlobiT. dauSvebelia
rom mniSvneloba aqvs mxolod zogad STabeWdilebas, aramed erT-erT mosamarTles daevalos romelime sasamarTlo mo-
qmedebis Catareba.
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uSualobis principis ZaliT procesis mwarmoebeli uzrunvelyofs mosamarTlis mier mtkicebulebaTa aRqmis
organos Tanamdebobis pirma uSualod unda aRiqvas yvela mTlianobas da xels Seuwyobs misi Sinagani rwmenis sworad
mtkicebuleba da uSualod unda Seafasos isini. formirebas.
uSualobis principi moicavs moTxovnas, rom gamomZie- aRniSnuli principis meSveobiT mxareebi Sedian uSualo
belma, prokurorma, mosamarTlem faqtobrivi monacemebi kontaqtSi erTmaneTTan da sasamarTlosTan, eZlevaT re-
miiRos pirvelwyarodan, piradad gamoikvlios isini da aseve aluri SesaZlebloba aqtiurad miiRon monawileoba yvela
uSualod gamoiyenos saqmeze Tavisi daskvnebis dasasabuTe- mtkicebulebis gamokvlevaSi, romlebic SeiZleba daedos
blad. procesis mwarmoebelma organom da Tanamdebobis safuZvlad ganaCens.
pirma uSualod unda dakiTxos TviTmxilveli mowme, uSu- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
alod unda gamoikvlios dokumentis dedani, nivTieri mt- me-20 muxlis Tanaxmad uSualobis principidan gadaxveva
kicebulebebi. pirvelwyarod unda iyos miCneuli ara mx- dasaSvebia mxolod kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi.
olod dokumentis dedani an sagnis originali, aramed piri, kerZod, sssk 473-e muxlis Tanaxmad Tu gansasjelma Tavi
romelmac Seadgina dokumenti, waradgina mocemuli sagani. damnaSaved scno da es aRiareba nebayoflobiTia, ar iwvevs
pirvelad mtkicebulebebs ufro meti sizuste da saime- sasamarTlos eWvs da mxareebic ar arian winaaRmdegni,
dooba axasiaTebs, vidre nawarmoeb mtkicebulebebs, radgan sasamarTlo gamoZieba SeiZleba ar Catardes da sasamarTlo
isini yovelTvis gaSualebulni arian da maTi gamoyeneba gadavides sasamarTlo kamaTze. aseve, kanonSi 2006 wlis
yovelTvis zrdis arasruli informaciis miRebis albaTobas, 28 aprils Sesuli cvlilebebiT saapelacio wesiT saqmis
magram im SemTxvevaSi, roca pirveladi mtkicebulebebi ganxilvisas daiSveba mxolod saapelacio instanciaSi war-
miuwvdomelia sasamarTlos ufleba aqvs gamoiyenos nawar- modgenili saqmisaTvis axali mtkicebulebebis gamokvleva,
moebi mtkicebulebebi. xolo pirveli instanciis sasamarTloSi gamokvleuli
uSualobis principi moicavs sasamarTloSi sagamoZiebo yvela mtkicebuleba miiCneva gamokvleulad, garda calkeu-
moqmedebaTa oqmebisa da sxva dokumentebis gamoqveynebas li gamonaklisisa. uSualobis principis SezRudva saapel-
kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebiT. mocemuli oqmebi acio instanciaSi, SeiZleba iTqvas, faqtobrivad azrs
asaxaven gamomZieblis mier sxvadasxva moqmedebaTa aRqmis ukargavs gasaCivrebas, radgan apelacia arsebiTad saqmis
Sedegebs da warmoadgenen pirvelad mtkicebulebebs. gamokv- xelaxla ganxilvas gulisxmobs.
levisa da gamoqveynebis gareSe sasamarTlo ar aris ufle- uSualoobasTan erTad sssk me-20 muxliT reglamen-
bamosili daeyrdnos am mtkicebulebebs ganaCenSi. uSualo- tirebuli zepirobis principi.
bis principis ZaliT saqmis ganxilva unda mimdinareobdes zepiroba warmoadgens procesis monawileTa kontaqtis
sasamarTlos ucvleli SemadgenlobiT da uwyvetad1, rac formas erTmaneTTan da procesis mwarmoebel organosTan.
1 samwuxarod, moqmedi kanonmdeblobiT sasamarTlo ganxilvis uwyvetobis alod unda aReqva da daemaxsovrebina mxolod mocemuli saqmis masalebi da am
principi gauqmebulia. arada uwyvetobis principis mixedviT sasamarTlos uSu- saqmis ganxilvis uSualo STabeWdilebiT unda Sesuliyo saTaTbiro oTaxSi.

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kanonis Tanaxmad, winaswar gamoZiebasa da sasamarTlo rom faqtobrivi monacemebi SeZlebisdagvarad unda gamom-
ganxilvis dros dakiTxuli piri Cvenebas iZleva zepirad. dinareobdes mtkicebulebaTa wyarodan zepirad da ara
dakiTxvac xorcieldeba zepirad. Cveneba oqmSi unda iqnes mxolod dokumentidan, romelsac SenarCunebuli aqvs
Setanili. werilobiTi forma. roca nivTieri mtkicebulebebia saqmeSi,
marTalia, zepiroba gamoiyeneba winaswar gamoZiebaSic, unda daikiTxos is piri, romelmac waradgina sagani, nivTi
magram igi srulad vlindeba sasamarTloSi. zepirobis pi- an miiRo monawileoba maT aRmoCenaSi da amoRebaSi, radgan
robebSi ufro meti SesaZleblobaa sasamarTlom SeinarCu- fizikuri piris sityvieri ganmartebis gareSe sagani, nivTi
nos obieqturoba da damoukidebloba amasTanave, ufro arasakmarisad informaciuli iqneba. rogorc ukve aRvniSneT,
srulad realizdeba mxareTa Tanasworobac, radgan mxa- sasamaroTlos ganaCeni unda iyos dafuZnebuli mxolod im
reebi roca procesSi pirispir imyofebian zepiri forma mtkicebulebebze, romlebic gamokvleuli iyo sasamarTlo
xdeba maTi urTierTobis yvelaze xelsayreli saSualeba. procesze. aseTi gamokvleva ki unda moxdes zepiri formiT.
sasamarTlo ganxilvis zepiroba gamoixateba imaSic, rom amasTan kanoni uSvebs zepirobis proncipis SezRudvasac.
mtkicebuleba mosamarTlem unda aRiqvas zepirad da igi kerZod, moyvanis Sesaxeb (sssk 175-e m. me-4 naw.), qonebaze
aseve zepirad unda iyos ganxiluli procesis monawileTa yadaRis dadebis Sesaxeb (sssk 197-e m.) sasamarTlo brZane-
mier. sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa werilobiTi gaformeba (oqmis bis gamotanis Taobaze Suamdgomloba sasamarTlos mier
Sedgena) ki xels uwyobs maT sworad fiqsacias da exmare- ganixileba zepiri mosmenis gareSe; saqarTvelos uzenaesi
ba zemdgom sasamarTlos Seamowmos sasamarTlos mier miRe- sasamarTlos did palataSi sasamarTloSi wesrigis dar-
buli gadawyvetilebis kanoniereba da dasabuTebuloba. Rvevis Sesaxeb mosamarTlis gankargulebaze saCivari ganix-
zepiroba gansazRvravs procesis subieqtebis urTier- ileba zepiri mosmenis gareSe (sssk 208-e m.); saapelacio
Tobas, warmoadgens maTi sasamarTlosadmi mimarTvis formas sasamarTlo zepiri mosmenis gareSe ganixilavs saCivars
da mtkicebulebaTa gamokvlevis meTods. am principis Zal- naklebad mZime kategoriis danaSaulTa saqmeebze, aseve sa-
iT saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone yvela masala, yvela Civars mxolod sasjelis Semcirebis Taobaze (sssk 529-e
saproceso moqmedeba, sasamarTlo sxdomaze wamoWrili m.).
yvela sakiTxi gadmoicema zepiri formiT. sasamarTlom unda sisxlis samarTlis procesis uSualoba da zepiroba
moisminos zepirad Cvenebebi, mxareTa ganmartebebi, gancxa- warmaodgens SejibrebiTobisa da saqveynoobis principis
debebi, Suamdgomlobebi, gamoqveynebuli oqmebi da sxva realizaciis saSualebas.
dokumentebi, aseve sabraldebo da dacviTi sityvebi, gan-
sasjelis sabolo sityva. 16) saproceso moqmedebisa da gadawyvetilebis gasa-
rac Seexeba oqmebis da sxva dokumentebis gamoqveynebas, Civrebis Tavisufleba.
am SemTxvevaSi zepirobis principi uSualobis princips gasaCivrebis Tavisufleba saerTaSoriso samarTlebrivi
erwymis. amasTan zepirobis principi gulisxmobs imasac, principia. igi gaTvaliswinebulia mraval saerTaSoriso

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dokumentSi, kerZod, samoqalaqo da politikur uflebaTa los moqmedeba da gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes
Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso paqtis me-4 muxlSi, adamianis ufle- sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawilis mier.
baTa da TavisuflebaTa Sesaxeb evropis konvenciis me-5 procesis mwarmoebeli organo ara mxolod movalea
mexlSi. ganumartos es ufleba procesis subieqtebs, aramed uzrun-
aRsaniSnavia, rom adamianis uflebaTa da TavisuflebaTa velyos kidec isini am uflebis ganxorcielebis SesaZle-
dacvis konvencia iTvaliswinebs nebismieri piris uflebas blobiT.
mimarTos evropul sasamarTlos (romelic mdebareobs gasaCivrebis Tavisufleba moqmedebs rogorc sasamarT-
strasburgSi) siCivriT. aRniSnuli sasamarTlo saCivars loSi, aseve winaswar gamoZiebaSi. magaliTad, gamomZieblis
gansaxilvelad iRebs mxolod mas Semdeg, rac gamoyenebuli moqmedeba da gadawyvetileba saCivrdeba prokurorTan.
iyo dacvis yvela saSualeba 6 Tvis ganmavlobaSi Sesabam- prokuroris moqmedeba da gadawyvetileba gasaCivrdeba zem-
isi saxelmwifo organoebis mier saboloo gadawyvetileb- dgom prokurorTan; gamomZieblis, prokuroris moqmedeba an
is miRebis Semdeg. saqme ganixileba Ria sasamarTlo sxdo- gadawyvetileba aseve SeiZleba gasaCivrdes uSualod sasa-
maze sajaroobis principis dacviT. marTloSi; aRkveTis RonisZebis saxiT dapatimrebis gasa-
saqarTvelos konstituciis Tanaxmad, TiToeul mo- Civreba SeiZleba saapelacio sasamarTlos sagamoZiebo
qalaqes garantirebuli aqvs misi uflebebisa da Tavisufle- kolegiaSi; msjavrdebuls, dazaralebuls, samoqalaqo
bebis sasamarTlo dacva. saqarTvelos sakonstitucio sasa- mosarCeles, samoqalaqo mopasuxes ufleba aqvT pirveli
marTlom Tavisi gadawyvetilebiT araerTxel miiCnia ara- instanciis sasamarTlos ganaCeni gaasaCivron aranakleb or
konstituciurad gasaCivrebis Tavisuflebis SezRudvis gamo sasamarTlo instanciaSi.
sssk-is normebi, ris safuZvelzec amJamad daiSveba sasa- amasTan, saproceso kanonmdeblobiT gasaCivrebis Tav-
marTlo wesiT gasaCivreba, kerZod, saqmis Sewyvetis, qone- isufleba yovelTvis ar aris uzrynvelyofili. magaliTad,
baze yadaRis dadebis, sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazSi wes- kanonis Tanaxmad, braldebulis saxiT sisxlis samarTlis
rigis darRvevisa da mosamarTlis SeuracxyofisaTvis dapa- pasuxismgeblobaSi micemis Sesaxeb dadgenileba ar SeiZle-
timrebis gamoyenebisas miRebuli gadawyvetilebebis da a.S. ba gasaCivrdes dacvis mxaris mier sasamarTloSi, rac
sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis gasaCivrebis ufleba am- gasaCivrebis Tavisuflebis SezRudvas warmoadgens.
cirebs sasamarTlo Secdomebis albaTobas da kanonieri da sayuradReboa saproceso kanonis moTxovna, kerZod, sssk
samarTliani gadawyvetilebis miRebis winapirobas warmoad- 21-e muxlis II nawilis Tanaxmad, organos, romelic process
gens. swored amitomac aris sasamarTloSi mimarTvis da awarmoebs ufleba ara aqvs, saCivari gamoiyenos saCivris
Sesabamisad gasaCivrebis ufleba garantirebuli konsti- Semtani piris an im piris sazianod, romlis interesebis
tuciiTa da saerTaSoriso normebiT. dasacavadac igi iyo Setanili, garda im SemTxvevisa, roca
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis sxva pirma an organom Seitana sawinaaRmdego xasiaTis sa-
21-e muxlis Tanaxmad, gamomZieblis, prokuroris, sasamarT- Civari, anda saCivris Semowmebisas dadginda sxva garemoe-

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bebi. magaliTad, saapelacio sasamarTlos ufleba ara aqvs Tavi V
gamamarTlebeli ganaCenis nacvlad gamoitanos gamamtyune-
beli ganaCeni an sxvagvarad gaauaresos msjavrdebulis procesis monawileni
mdgomareoba, Tu saqmis gadasinjva xdeba mxolod gansasje-
lis, damcvelis saapelacio saCivris safuZvelze (sssk $1. sasamarTlo
540-e m. I naw), magram Tu prokurorma, dazaralebulma
Seitanes saapelacio saCivari swored am moTxovniT da maT saqarTvelos konstituciis 42-e muxlis Tanaxmad:
aseTi pozicia ekavaT pirveli instanciis sasamarTloSi, `yovel adamians ufleba aqvs Tavis uflebaTa da Tavisufle-
saapelacio instancias ufleba aqvs gamoitanos gamamarTle- baTa dasacavad mimarTos sasamarTlos. yoveli piri unda
beli ganaCenis nacvlad gamamtyunebeli ganaCeni an sxvag- gansajos mxolod im sasamarTlom, romlis iurisdiqciasac
varad gaauaresos msjavrdebulis mdgomareoba. eqvemdebareba misi saqme.~
`sasamarTlo is erTaderTi organoa, romelsac eniWeba
saxelmwifos saxeliT saqmeze:
a) marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis,
b) procesSi monawile pirTa konstituciuri uflebe-
bis da Tavisuflebebis SemzRudvel saproceso moqmedebebze
nebarTvis gacemis,
g) gamomZieblisa da prokuroris qmedebebze da aqtebze
saCivrebis ganxilvis, d)sasamarTlos mier gamotanili gad-
awyvetilebis kanonierebis da dasabuTebulobis Semowmebis,
gadasinjvis an Secvlis uflebamosileba.
swored es ganapirobebs sasamarTlos gansakuTrebul
adgils procesis mwarmoebel pirTa sistemaSi.
sasamarTlos kompetencias ganekuTvneba:
1. brZanebis gacema moqalaqeTa konstituciuri ufle-
bebisa da Tavisuflebebis SemzRudvel Semdeg saproceso
moqmedebaTa Sesaxeb: braldebulis dapatimreba da patimro-
bis vadis gagrZeleba; braldebulis mimarT sxva aRkveTis
RonisZiebis gamoyeneba; samedicino dawesebulebaSi eqsper-
tizisaTvis piris moTavseba; safosto-satelegrafo kore-
spondenciaze da safosto gzavnilze yadaRis dadeba, maTi

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Semowmeba da amoReba; Cxreka da amoReba; sacxovrebeli g). saxelmwifo organos, sazogadoebrivi organizaciis,
binis an sxva mflobelobis daTvaliereba mflobel pirTa politikuri gaerTianebis an Tanamdebobis piris yura-
nebis sawinaaRmdegod; eWvmitanilisa da braldebulis qone- dRebis miqcevis mizniT saqmeze dadgenili kanonis dar-
baze yadaRis dadeba, Tanamdebobidan (samuSaodan) maTi ga- Rvevis faqtze, danaSaulis Cadenis mizezsa da xelSew-
dayeneba. yob pirobebze, romlebic saWiroebs saTanado zomebis
2. sssk iTvaliswinebs saqarTvelos sasamarTloebis mier miRebas.
ucxo saxelmwifos sasamarTlo da sagamoZiebo organoebi- kerZo ganCineba (kerZo dadgenileba) gamotanisTanave
saTvis sasamarTlo Suamdgomlobis gagzavnis SesaZleblobas, unda gadaegzavnos adresats, romelmac 1 Tvis vadaSi unda
rac regulirdeba Sesabamis saxelmwifosTan dadebuli acnobos sasamarTlos gatarebuli zomebis Sesaxeb.
ormxrivi da mravalmxrivi xelSekrulebebiT. sssk adgens sasamarTlos (mosamarTlis) movaleobas
3. sssk sasamarTlos (mosamarTles) uflebas aZlevs zepiri mosmenis gareSe saqmis sasamarTloSi ganxilvis
calkeuli saproceso moqmedebis Casatareblad davaleba SemTxvevaSi mxares misces SesaZlebloba, werilobiT war-
gaugzavnos imave an qvemdgom sxva sasamarTlos (mosamar- moadginos mosazrebebi sasamarTloSi mxaris mier gansax-
Tles), Tu am moqmedebis Catareba SeuZlebelia sasamarTlo ilvelad Setanil SuamdgomlobasTan dakavSirebiT.1
ganxilvis adgilas, magram dauSvebelia sasamarTlo davaleb- 5. marTlmsajulebis ganxorcieleba: sasamarTlo war-
is gagzavna zemdgomi instanciis sasamarTlosTvis. magali- moadgens sisxlis samarTlis procesis umTavres subieqts,
Tad, quTaisis saapelacio sasamarTlos ss saqmeTa saapel- romelic axorcielebs saqmis sasamarTlo ganxilvis fun-
acio palata ar aris uflebamosili sasamarTlo davaleba qcias. mxolod sasamarTlos aqvs saqmeze marTlmsajuleb-
gaugzavnos saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos ss saqmeTa is ganxorcielebis ufleba. mxolod sasamarTlos aqvs
palatas. ufleba scnos piri damnaSaved misTvis Seracxuli danaSau-
4. sasamarTlos mier kerZo ganCinebis (dadgenilebis) lis CadenaSi da ganusazRvros mas konkretuli saxis da
gamotana: zomis sasjeli.
a) moqalaqeTa uflebebis darRvevisa Tu kanonis sxva dar- sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebze marTlmsajulebis ganx-
RvevaTa gamovlenisas, romlebic daSvebuli iyo winas- orcielebis uflebamosileba eniWeba: raionul (saqalaqo)
wari gamoZiebis an qvemdgomi sasamarTlos mier saqmis sasamarTlos, saapelacio sasamarTlos da saqarTvelos
ganxilvisas. uzenaes sasamarTlos. saqarTvelos kanonmdebloba krZa-
b) sawarmos, dawesebulebis an organizaciisaTvis infor-
1. sssk sisxlis samarTlis saqmis zepiri mosmenis gareSe pirveli in-
maciis miwodebis mizniT moqalaqis mier sazogadoe- stanciis sasamarTloSi ganxilvis SesaZleblobas ar iTvaliswinebs. sssk
brivi movaleobis Sesrulebisas maRali Segnebulobis, uSvebs saapelacio da sakasacio instanciebis sasamarTloebis mier zepiri
vaJkacobis gamovlenis Sesaxeb, ramac xeli Seuwyo da- mosmenis gareSe zogierTi saCivris (da ara sisxlis samarTlis saqmis) ganx-
ilvis SesaZleblobas. amasTan am SemTxvevaSi ixileba ara Suamdgomloba,
naSaulis aRkveTas an gaxsnas. aramed–saapelacio (sakasacio) saCivari.

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lavs specialuri da sagangebo sasamarTloebis Seqmnas. nobodes mxolod sasamarTlos mier uSualod Seswavlil
samxedro sasamarTloebis Seqmna daiSveba mxolod saomari mtkicebulebebs, amitomac, sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvisas
mdgomareobis dros da saerTo sasamarTloebis sistemaSi. procesis yvela monawile unda daikiTxos uSualod. sasa-
sasamarTlo ar aris SeboWili zemdgomi instanciis marTlos ganaCeni gamoaqvs saqmeSi arsebuli yvela mtkice-
sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebebiT, Tu isini zRudaven mosa- bulebis Seswavlis, Semowmebis da sakuTari Sinagani rwmenis
marTlis Sinagani rwmenis safuZvelze ganaCenis gamotanis safuZvelze.
SesaZleblobas. mosamarTle damoukidebelia rogorc sasamarTlo valdebulia gamoitanos kanonieri, das-
saxelmwifo da TvimmarTvelobis adgilobrivi organoebis, abuTebuli da samarTliani ganaCeni da am mizniT uzrun-
saxelmwifo da politikuri gaerTianebis mxridan zewolis- velyos saqmis garemoebaTa yovelmxrivi da sruli Ses-
agan, aseve zemdgomi instanciis sasamarTlos da Tanamdebo- wavla.
bis pirebis Carevisagan maT saqmianobaSi gadawyvetilebis sasamarTlos saqmianoba emyareba kanonis da sasamarTlos
miRebaze zegavlenis mizniT. sasamarTlo axorcielebs winaSe Tanasworobis, SejibrebiTobis, saqveynoobis, sasa-
yvela zomas saqmis swori, samarTliani da drouli gadaw- marTlos damoukideblobis, miukerZoeblobis, saqmis gare-
yvetisaTvis. Tavis saqmianobaSi sasamarTlo damoukidebelia moebaTa yovelmxriv, srulyofilad da obieqturad ganxil-
da emorCileba mxolod kanons. vis, saqmeTa erTpirovnulad da kolegialurad ganxilvis,
sasamarTlo arsebiTad ganixilavs saqmes da axdens sasamarTlos Semadgenlobis ucvlelobis, ganaCenis Sinagani
gamoZiebis organoebis da dacvis mxaris mier warmodge- rwmenis safuZvelze dadgenis da sxva principebs.
nili mtkicebulebebis detalur da safuZvlian gamokvl- sasamarTlo ar aris sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis
evas. arc erTi mxaris pozicias, arc erT mtkicebulebas organo, igi ar axorcielebs arc braldebis da arc dacvis
sasamarTlosaTvis winaswar dadgenili Zala ara aqvs. sasa- funqcias. sasamarTloSi saqmeTa ganxilvisas dacvis da
marTlo valdebulia yovelmxriv da sruli moculobiT braldebis funqciebi gamijnulia da sasamarTlo axorcie-
Seiswavlos saqmis masalebi, moisminos procesis yvela lebs saqmis ganxilvis funqcias. uzrunvelyofs monawile
monawilis Cvenebebi, uSualod Seamowmos da Seafasos subieqtebis mier kanonierebis dacvas da maTi uflebebis
saqmeSi arsebuli yvela mtkicebuleba, maT Soris dacvis da kanonieri interesebis xelSeuxeblobas. mxarisaTvis
specialuri saSualebebis gamoyenebis gziT mopovebuli. upiratesobis miniWebis gareSe Tanabar SesaZleblobebs
procesis SejibrebiTobis da mowmeTa Tanabar pirobebSi uqmnis mxareebs uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis dacvisaTvis;
dakiTxvis SesaZleblobis uzrunvelyofis mizniT sssk 1091 saWiro pirobebs uqmnis braldebis da dacvis mxareebs mt-
muxli krZalavs saqmis arsebiTi ganxilvis dros sasamarT- kicebulebebis wardgenisaTvis, maTi yovelmxrivi da sruli
loSi procesis monawilis dakiTxvas misi vinaobis gasaid- gamokvlevisaTvis, sisxlis samarTlis saqmis nebismier
umloebiT an identificirebis SecvliT. uSualobis prin- sakiTxze sakuTari azris gamoTqmis, acilebis da Suamdgom-
cipidan gamomdinare, sasamarTlos ganaCeni SeiZleba eyrd- lobis gancxadebisaTvis.

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sasamarTlo valdebulia Tavi Seikavos mtkicebulebaTa SaulTa sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebze saqmeTa kolegialu-
Ziebisagan vinaidan mtkicebulebaTa aRmoCena, warmodgena da rad ganxilva.
gamokvleva mxareTa kompetencias ganekuTvneba. magram Tu 2. saapelacio sasamarTlos sagamoZiebo kolegiis mosa-
mxares uZneldeba mtkicebulebaTa aRmoCena-wardgena, daex- marTle erTpirovnulad ganixilavs saCivrebs saproceso
maros mas mtkicebulebaTa gamoTxovaSi. samarTlebrivi iZulebis RonisZiebis gamoyenebaze, maTi vadis
sasamarTlo saqmes ixilavs erTpirovnulad an kole- gagrZelebaze da sss kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebul sxva sakiTx-
gialurad 3 mosamarTlis SemadgenlobiT, xolo uzenaesi ebze.
sasamarTlos didi palata _ 9 mosamarTlis SemadgenlobiT. saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos, saapelacio sasa-
yvela mosamarTle Tanabaruflebiania da Tanabrad marTlos sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa palata sisxlis sa-
monawileobs saqmis ganxilvaSi. yvela mosamarTles saqmis marTlis saqmeebs ganixilavs kolegiurad, 3 mosamarTlis
ganxilvisas mtkicebulebaTa ganxilvaSi monawileobisa da SemadgenlobiT. magram saqarTvelos organuli kanoni
gadawyvetilebaTa miRebis Tanabari ufleba aqvs. Sesabam- `saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos Sesaxeb“ iTvaliswinebs
isad, ganaCenic xmaTa umravlesobiT gamoitaneba. arc erT didi palatis mier gansakuTrebiT rTuli kategoriis
mosamarTles ara aqvs ufleba Tavi Seikavos xmis micemisa- saqmeTa ganxilvas sakasacio wesiT im SemTxvevaSi, Tu:
gan. 1. saqme Tavisi SinaarsiT warmoadgens iSviaT samarTlebriv
kerZod, saqarTvelos sssk-is Tanaxmad saqmeTa erT- problemas;
pirovnulad ganxilvas, rogorc wesi, axorcieleben: 2. sakasacio palata ar iziarebs saapelacio sasamarTlos
1. magistrati mosamarTleebi-saproceso iZulebis mier adre Camoyalibebul samarTlebriv Sefasebas;
RonisZiebebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb da sssk gaTvaliswinebul 3. sakasacio palata ar iziarebs didi palatis mier adre
sxva SemTxevevebSi, magram, Tu raionul (saqalaqo) sasa- Camoyalibebul samarTlebriv Sefasebas
marTloSi aris mosamarTleTa sakmarisi raodenoba kole- saCivrebsa da wardginebebs axlad aRmoCenil da axlad-
giuri SemadgenlobiT saqmeTa ganxilvisaTvis, erTpirovnu- gamovlenil garemoebaTa gamo sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebze
lad saqmis ganmxilvel magistrat mosamarTles SeuZlia saqarTvelos saerTo sasamarTloebis mier gamotanili da
daadginos saqmis kolegiuri ganxilva sami mosamarTlis kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli ganaCenis, ganCinebisa da sxva
SemadgenlobiT, Tu: Semajamebeli sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis gadasinjvis
a) saqmis ganxilvasa da gadawyvetas gansakuTrebuli Sesaxeb saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos sisxlis samar-
mniSvneloba aqvs sasamarTlo praqtikisaTvis; Tlis saqmeTa palata ixilavs kolegiurad sami mosamarTlis
b) saqme faqtobrivi an samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT SemadgenlobiT.
gansakuTrebuli sirTuliT xasiaTdeba. gansjadoba _ marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebaze uar-
imavdroulad raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlo ufle- is Tqma dauSvebelia. sasamarTlo gansjadobis mixedviT
bamosilia daadginos gansakuTrebiT mZime kategoriis dana- valdebulia ganixilos sisxlis samarTlis saqme, wardgine-

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ba, Suamdgomloba moqalaqeTa konstituciuri uflebebis loSi saqmis warmarTvisas da mosamarTlis mier. gansjado-
SemzRudveli saproceso moqmedebis Catarebis Sesaxeb, sa- bis maregulirebeli sssk-is normebis mizania saqmis swrafi,
Civari gamomZieblisa da prokuroris ukanono moqmedebebi- sruli da obieqturi ganxilvis uzrunvelyofa. am norme-
sa da aqtebis gamo. bis dacva SesaZleblobas aZlevs sasamarTlos saqme ganix-
aravis ar SeiZleba aRekveTos ufleba misi saqme ganix- ilos mowmeTa da saqmis SedegiT dainteresebul pirTa
ilos im sasamarTlom an im mosamarTlem, romlis gansja- umravlesobis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT, gaiTval-
dobasac is kanoniT ganekuTvneba. saqarTvelos konsti- iswinos calkeuli kategoriis danaSaulTa (magaliTad
tuciis 42-e muxlis Tanaxmad yoveli piri unda gansajos samxedro) specifika. amdenad, didi mniSvneloba eniWeba imas,
mxolod im sasamarTlom romlis iurisdiqciasac eqvemde- rom yoveli saqme ixilebodes im sasamarTlos mier romlis
bareba misi saqme. gansjadobis kanoniT dadgenili wesis gansjadicaa. braldebuls ufleba aqvs icodes romeli
Secvla dauSvebelia, Tumca aqedan arsebobs gamonaklisic. sasamarTloa kanonis mixedviT uflebamosili ganixilos
rogorc wesi, raionuli, saqalaqo, sasamarTlos gan- misi saqme. gansjadoba zustad unda iyos gansazRvruli
sjadobas mikuTvnebul sakiTxTa wre farToa sxva sasamarT- kanoniT da ar unda iyos damokidebuli saqmis sirTulis
loebTan SedarebiT da moicavs praqtikulad yvela katego- `gansakuTrebuli sazogadoebrivi mniSvnelobis~ subieqtur
riis sisxlis samarTlis saqmes misi simZimis da sirTu- kriteriumze, an procesis mwarmoebeli piris mier sakuTari
lisda miuxedavad. amasTan, saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarT- Sexedulebisamebr sasamarTlos arCevaze.
los ss saqmeTa palatisagan gansxvavebiT kanoni ar iTva- gansjadobis saxeebi:
liwinebs raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mier Tavisi saqarTvelos ss saproceso kanondebloba iTvaliswinebs
iurisdiqciis daTmobis SesaZleblobas sxva (magaliTad 2 saxis gansjadobas:
saapelacio an uzenaesi sasamarTlos) sasamarTlos sasarge- 1. sagnobrivs da
blod. 2. teritoriuls
im sasamarTlos gansazRvrisas, romelmac unda ganixi- 1. sagnobrivi gansjadoba dgindeba kanoniT danaSaulTa
los saqme, mxedvelobaSi miiReba sasamarTlos kompetencia. garkveuli kategoriis konkretuli sasamarTlosaTvis mi-
imisaTvis rom dadgindes romeli sasamarTlos gansjadia kuTvnebis gziT. swored am niSniT xdeba imis dadgena Tu
konkretuli sisxlis samarTlis saqme unda moxdes konk- romel sasamarTlos SeuZlia ganixilos aRniSnuli saqme,
retuli saqmis Taviseburebebis da sasamarTlos kompe- gaimijnos saerTo da samxedro sasamarTloTa kompetencia.
tenciis Sedareba-Tanxvedra. kanoniT pirdapir gaTval- swored sagnobrivi kompetencia iZleva SesaZleblobas gan-
iswinebul SemTxvevebSi braldebuls ufleba aqvs airCios isazRvros saqmeTa ganawileba sxvadasxva donis saerTo
sasamarTlos Semadgenloba, romelmac unda ganixilos sasamarTloebs Soris. igi adgens kanonis mier pirdapiri
saqme. miTiTebis gamoyenebis gziT raionuli, saapelacio da sakasa-
gansjadobis sakiTxi wydeba prokuroris mier sasamarT- cio instanciis sasamarTloTa kompetencias.

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amave dros, sssk gansazRvravs raionul (saqalaqo) saqmeTa palatis gansjadia sakasacio saCivrebi saqarTvelos
sasamarTlos da magistrati mosamarTlis komptenecias saapelacio sasamarTloebis sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa
mikuTvnebul sakiTxebs. magistrati mosamarTleebi pirveli palatebis mier gamotanil ganaCenebsa da sxva gadaw-
instanciis wesiT ganixilaven Suamdgomlobebs saproceso yvetilebebze, saCivrebi kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul, pirveli
samarTlebrivi iZulebis RonisZiebaTa gamoyenebis da sssk instanciis sasamarTloebis mier gamotanil gadawyvetile-
gaTvaliswinebul sxva sakiTxebze. bebze, ganaCenebisa da sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebebis
raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlo pirveli instanciiT gadasinjva axlad gamovlenil da axlad aRmoCenil gare-
ganixilavs sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebsa da masalebs kano- moebaTa gamo, preiudiciasTan dakavSirebuli da sss kod-
niT dadgenili gansjadobis Sesabamisad. raionuli eqsiT gaTvaliswinebuli sxva sakiTxebis ganxilva (magal-
(saqalaqo) sasamarTlo pirveli instanciiT aseve ganixi- iTad muxli 2591)
lavs Suamdgomlobebs saproceso samarTlebrivi iZulebis raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos esoden farTo kom-
RonisZiebaTa gamoyenebaze, maTi vadis gagrZelebaze da sss petencia gamowveulia imiT, rom swored es sasamarTloebi
kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebul sxva sakiTxebze im adminis- warmoadgenen sasamarTlo sistemis ZiriTad rgols.
traciul-teritoriul erTeulSi, sadac ar moqmedebs 2. teritoriuli gansjadoba _ saSualebas iZleva erTi
magistrati mosamarTle. donis sasarTloebs Soris kompetenciis gamijnvisa. Tu
kerZod, sssk 48-e muxlis Tanaxmad, raionuli sasamarT- sagnobrivi kompetenciis SemTxvevaSi pirdapir aris dadge-
los gansjadobas miekuTvneba saqmeebi mis samoqmedo teri- nili danaSaulTa konkretuli Semadgenlobebis konkretu-
toriaze Cadenil yvela kategoriis danaSaulze, kerZo li sasamarTlos mier ganxilvis valdebuleba, terito-
braldebis saqmeebi, Suamdgomlobebi moqalaqeTa konsti- riuli gansjadoba kidev ufro akonkretes mas da gansaz-
tuciuri uflebebis SezRudvasTan da saproceso iZulebis Rvravs sagnobrivi kompetenciis farglebSi konkretuli
sxva RonisZiebebTan dakavSirebuli sagamoZiebo da opera- danaSaulis ganmxilvel sasamarTlos.
tiul-samZebro moqmedebebis Catarebis da maTi vadis gagr- 1. rogorc wesi, sisxlis samarTlis saqme ganixileba
Zelebis Sesaxeb, aseve saCivrebi gamomZieblisa da proku- sasamarTloSi danaSaulis Cadenis adgilis mixedviT, xolo
roris ukanono moqmedebebze da uaryofil Suamdgomlobe- Tu arsebobs danaSaulTa an erTi danaSaulis epizodTa
bze. erToblioba, – yvelaze mZime danaSaulis an danaSaulis
saapelacio sasamarTlos gansjadia saapelacio saCiv- epizodis Cadenis adgilis mixedviT.
rebi mis samoqmedo teritoriaze raionuli (saqalaqo) 2. winaswari gamoZiebis warmoebis adgilis mixedviT
sasamarTloebis mier pirveli instanciiT gamotanil gan- moqalaqeTa konstituciuri uflebebis SezRudvasTan da
aCenebsa da sxva Semajamebel sasamarTlo gadawyvetile- saproceso iZulebis sxva RonisZiebebTan dakavSirebuli
bebze. sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebis Sesaxeb sasamarTlo br-
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos sisxlis samarTlis Zanebis gacema, gamomZieblisa da prokuroris ukanono moq-

188 189
medebebis gamo Setanili saCivrebis gadawyveta, gamoZiebis sazogadoebisaTvis sasargeblo Sromis, Tavisuflebis
organoebisa da prokuroris mier uaryofili Suamdgom- SezRudvis, gamasworebeli samuSaos sasjelis sxva
lobebis ganxilva. RonisZiebiT Secvla. magram Tu ganaCenis, ganCinebisa da
sssk iTvaliswinebs am zogadi normidan gamonakliss da dadgenilebis aRsruleba xdeba ganaCenis, ganCinebisa da
adgens: dadgenilebis gamomtani sasamarTlos samoqmedo teri-
1. saproceso SeTanxmebis da sasjelisagan srulad gaTa- toriis gareT, am muxlis pirvel nawilSi miTiTebul
visuflebis SemTxvevebSi ss saqmes ganixilavs sasamarT- sakiTxebs wyvets imave donis sasamarTlo, xolo Tu
lo winaswari gamoZiebis damTavrebis adgilis mixed- ganaCenis, ganCinebisa da dadgenilebis aRsrulebis adg-
viT. ilze imave donis sasamarTlo ar arsebobs – zemdgomi
2. sasamarTlos Secvla zemdgomi sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris sasamarTlo. yvela SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlos gadaw-
mier im SemTxvevaSi Tu procesis 105-e muxliT gaTval- yvetilebis asli egzavneba ganaCenis, ganCinebisa da
iswinebuli safuZvlebis arsebobisas acilebuli iqna dadgenilebis gamomtan sasamarTlos.
raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos an saapelacio sasa- 5. sasjelis moxdis adgilze raionuli (saqalaqo) sasa-
marTlos mTeli Semadgenloba sakiTxs imave donis sxva marTlos dadgenilebiT wydeba iseTi sakiTxebi, rogor-
sasamarTloSi warmarTvis Sesaxeb wyvets zemdgomi icaa: avadmyofobis an xandazmulobis gamo sasjelis
sasamarTlo instanciis Tavmjdomare. magram aq saerTod moxdisagan ganTavisufleba, sasjelis moxdis gada-
ar aris miTiTebuli is kriteriumebi, romelTa safuZ- vadeba, sasjelis moxdisagan pirobiT vadamde ganTavisu-
velzec unda iqnes SerCeuli sxva raionuli (saqalaqo) fleba, sasjelis mouxdeli nawilis ufro msubuqi
sasamarTlo aRniSnuli saqmis gansaxilvead, rac praq- sasjeliT Secvla, patimrobis saxiT sasjelis
tikulad subieqturi gadawyvetilebis miRebis da dis- mosaxdelad im piris gagzavna, romelsac pirobiT Tav-
kreciis farTo SesaZleblobas iTvalisiwnebs. isuflebis aRkveTa daeniSna.
3. saqarTvelos saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebaTa da SeT- 6. msjavrdebulis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT raion-
anxmebaTa Sesabamisad, saqarTvelos moqalaqis mimarT uli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos dadgenilebiT wydeba
ucxo saxelmwifos sasamarTlos ganaCenis saqarTvelo- iseTi sakiTxebi, rogoricaa: pirobiTi msjavris
Si aRsrulebis sakiTxs gansjadobis dacviT, msjavrde- gamosacdeli vadis Semcireba an gazrda anda pirobiTi
bulis adgilsamyoflis mixedviT ganixilavs saqarT- msjavris gauqmeba da msjavrdebulis gagzavna ganaCeniT
velos sasamarTlo. dadgenili sasjelis mosaxdelad, im msjavrdebulis
4. ganaCenis, ganCinebisa da dadgenilebis gamomtani sasa- sasjelis moxdisagan ganTavisufleba, romlis mimarTac
marTlo wyvets ganaCenis, ganCinebisa da dadgenilebis gadavadebulia ganaCenis aRsruleba, ganaCenis aRsruleb-
aRsasruleblad miqcevisas wamoWril iseT sakiTxebs, is gadavadebis gauqmeba da msjavrdebulis gagzavna
rogorebicaa: ganaCenis aRsrulebis gadavadeba, jarimis, ganaCeniT dadgenili sasjelis mosaxdelad.

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7. sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebis adgilis mixedviT gad- Tumca maT aniWebs mTlianad sasamarTlosaTvis acilebis
audebel SemTxvevaSi mosamarTlis brZanebis gareSe gancxadebis SesaZleblobas.
Catarebuli amoRebis, Cxrekis, sacxovrebeli binis an sssk Tanaxmad, erTaderTi subieqti, romelsac ufleba
sxva mflobelobis daTvalierebis SemTxvevaSi, proku- aqvs gansjadobis Secvlis SuamdgomlobiT mimarTos zemdgom
rorma 24 saaTis ganmavlobaSi unda acnobos da sisxlis sasamarTlos aris saqmis mwarmoebeli prokurori da masac
samarTlis saqmis masalebi gadasces im magistrat mosa- sasamarTlos gansjadobis Secvlis moTxovna SeuZlia an:
marTles, (xolo misi aryofnis SemTxvevaSi-im Sesabamis 1. mowmeTa/ dazaralebulTa umravlesobis adgilsamyofelis; an
raionul (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos), romlis samoqmedo 2. winaswari gamoZiebis damTavrebis adgilis sasamarT-
teritoriazec Catarda aRniSnuli sagamoZiebo moq- loTi.
medeba. amasTan, SesaZlebelia aRniSnuli teritoria ar kerZod, zemdgomi sasamarTlos Tavmjdomare uflebam-
warmoadgendes winaswari gamoZiebis teritorias (sssk osilia prokuroris SuamdgomlobiT sisxlis samarTlis
muxli 290). saqme gansaxilvelad gadasces sxva sasamarTlos winaswari
imavdroulad sssk ar iTvaliswinebs raionuli gamoZiebis damTavrebis adgilis an saqmeSi monawile
(saqalaqo) sasamarTloebs Soris kompetenciis gamijvnas dazaralebulTa da mowmeTa umravlesobis adgilsamyofelis
iseTi SemTxvevebisaTvis, rodesac rTuli an praqtikulad mixedviT.
SeuZlebelia danaSaulis Cadenis konkretuli adgilis imavdroulad saqarTvelos konstituciis 42.2-e muxlis
gansazRvra (magaliTad qurdoba Cadenili Tbilisi-baTumis da samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebebis Sesaxeb saerTa-
mimarTulebiT moZrav matarebelSi). rogorc wesi aq gam- Soriso paqtis me-14 muxlis Tanaxmad yoveli piri unda
oiyeneba danaSaulis winaswari gamoZiebis dasrulebis gansajos mxolod im sasamarTlom, romlis iurisdiqciasac
teritoriis principi, romlis Tanaxmad, aseTi saqmeebi im eqvemdebareba misi saqme. amdenad, saqmis gansjadobis Secv-
sasamarTlos gansjadia, romlis samoqmedo teritoriazec la erTi mxaris Suamdgomlobis safuZvelze meore mxaris
ganxorcielda winaswari gamoZieba da sxva. interesebis gaTvaliswinebis gareSe garkveulwilad ewi-
sakiTxi saqmis qvemdebareobis Sesaxeb ganxiluli da naaRmdegeba zemoT aRniSnul debulebebs, vinaidan sssk ar
gadawyvetili unda iqnes winaswari gamoZiebis mwarmoebeli iTvaliswinebs gansasjelis azris gaTvaliswinebas maSin,
organos mier sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gansjadobis mixed- rodesac swored mas eniWeba da exeba ufleba Tavisi saqmis
viT Sesabamis raionul (saqalaqo) sasamarTloSi wargzavnis im sasamarTlos mier ganxilvaze, romlis iurisdiqciasac
stadiaze. swored am etapze unda iqnes gancxadebuli Suam- eqvemdebareba misi saqme.
dgomloba gansjadobis Secvlis Taobaze. imavdroulad sssk Tu sasamarTlo an mosamarTle daadgens, rom Semosuli
ar iTvaliswinebs procesis subieqtebis mxridan gansjado- saqme am sasamarTlos gansjadi ar aris, misi ganCinebiT
bis Secvlis Sesaxeb Suamdgomlobis aRZvris da am Suam- (dadgenilebiT) saqme gadaecema gansjadobis mixedviT. davas
dgomlobis safuZvelze gansjadobis Secvlis SesaZleblobas, gansjadobis Sesaxeb wyvets zemdgomi sasamarTlos mosa-

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marTle dasabuTebuli dadgenilebiT. v) monawileobda pirveli da meore instanciebis sasa-
acileba - adamianis uflebaTa dacvis mniSvnelovan ga- marTloebSi an axlad aRmoCenil garemoebaTa da axlad
rantias warmoadgens. gansasjelis mier sasamarTlos im gamovlenil garemoebaTa gamo saqmis ganxilvaSi. magram
Semadgenlobis arCeva (acilebis gancxadebis gziT), romel- saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos did palataSi saqmis
sac misi azriT, SeuZlia misi saqme ganixilos samarTlianad, ganxilvaSi mosamarTlis monawileobis gamomricxav gare-
obieqturad da miukerZoeblad. moebas ar warmoadgens adre amave saqmis sakasacio wesiT
TiToeul mosamarTles ufleba aqvs monawileoba miiRos ganxilvaSi misi monawileoba.
mxolod im sasamarTlos SemadgenlobaSi, sadac igia daniS- v) aris sxva garemoebebi, romlebic eWvs badebs mis
nuli. mas ara aqvs sxva sasamarTlos SemadgenlobaSi obieqturobasa da miukerZoeblobaSi.
monawileobis ufleba. imavdroulad dauSvebelia saqmis sasamarTlo sxdomis Tavmjdomare-raionul (saqalaqo)
sasamarTloSi ganxilvisas sasamarTlos SemadgenlobaSi sasamarTlo sxdomas Tavmjdomareobs am sasamarTlos Tav-
Sediodes saqmeSi monawile pirebTan naTesaur an sxvagvar mjdomare an mosamarTle, xolo sxva sasamarTlo sxdomas,
kavSirSi myofi piri. – am sasamarTlos Tavmjdomare, Tavmjdomaris moadgile an
kanoni adgens mosamarTleTa miukerZoeblobis garan- sasamarTlos wevri. Tu Tavmjdomare gamoeTiSa sxdomas,
tiebs. sss kodeqsi krZalavs mosamarTlis monawileobas mis movaleobas asrulebs asakiT ufrosi mosamarTle.
saqmis ganxilvaSi im SemTxvevaSi, Tu: sasamarTlo sxdomis Tavmjdomare warmarTavs sxdomas,
a) igi ar iyo Tanamdebobaze daniSnuli an arCeuli mosamarTleTa TaTbiris mimdinareobas; axorcielebs sss
kanoniT dadgenili wesiT; kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebul yvela saproceso moqmedebas,
b) saqme ar aris am sasamarTlos gansjadi; rac aucilebelia mtkicebulebaTa yovelmxrivi, sruli da
g) igi monawileobs an winaT monawileobda imave saqme- obieqturi gamokvlevisa da WeSmaritebis dasadgenad, mxa-
Si, rogorc eWvmitanili, braldebuli, damcveli, dazarale- reebs aZlevs SesaZleblobas, daubrkoleblad warmoadginon
buli, samoqalaqo mosarCele, samoqalaqo mopasuxe, eqsper- da gamoikvlion mtkicebulebani; ganxilvas ganaridebs yve-
ti, specialisti, Tarjimani, damswre, mowme, anda bralde- lafers, rasac kavSiri ara aqvs saqmesTan; uzrunvelyofs
bulis, eWvmitanilis, dazaralebulis, samoqalaqo mosar- kanonierebasa da samarTlianobas saqmis ganxilvisas; mxareebs
Celis an samoqalaqo mopasuxis kanonieri warmomadgeneli; ganumartavs maT uflebebs; uzrunvelyofs sasamarTlos
d) mas am saqmis mwarmoebel Tanamdebobis pirTan an „g“ darbazSi wesrigis dacvas; sxdomis darbazidan aZevebs wes-
qvepunqtSi aRniSnul sxva pirebTan naTesauri, megobruli rigis damrRvevs da akisrebs mas fulad jarimas sss kod-
an sxva axlobluri urTierToba aqvs; eqsiT dadgenili wesiTa da odenobiT (ix. muxli 208). misi
e) igi winaT monawileobda imave saqmis warmoebaSi, gankargulebebi wesrigis dacvasTan dakavSirebiT savalde-
rogorc gamomZiebeli, prokurori an sasamarTlo sxdomis buloa mxareebisa da sasamarTlo darbazSi myofi pirebi-
mdivani. saTvis. romelime mxaris an sxva piris pretenziebi Tavmj-

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domaris moqmedebaTa gamo SeaqvT sasamarTlo sxdomis ovnaTa Sesabamisad, maT gadascems samarTalwarmoebis
oqmSi da maT sasamarTlos Semadgenloba ganixilavs imave monawileebs, uzrunvelyofs nivTier mtkicebulebaTa dacva-
sxdomaze. Senaxvas, mosamarTlis davalebiT asrulebs saqmis ganxil-
sasamarTlos aparati: vasTan dakavSirebul sxva movaleobebs da mosamarTles
sasamarTlos saqmianobis srulyofilad, efeqturad da uwevs sxva teqnikur daxmarebas.
droulad ganxorcieleba mniSvnelovanwilad aris damok- mosamarTlis TanaSemwis uflebamosileba pirobiTad
idebuli sasamarTlos aparatis saqmianobis xarisxze da SeiZleba daiyos:
maT kvalificiurobaze. swored amitom, saqarTvelos or- 1. saorganizacio-teqnikur; da
ganuli kanonebi `saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb~ da 2. samarTlebriv sakiTxebad
`saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos Sesaxeb~ detalurad aqedan umniSvnelovanesia samarTlebrivi funqcia, rom-
adgenen im moTxovnebs, rac waeyeneba mosamarTleTa TanaSem- lis Tanaxmad mas gaaCnia sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis
weebs. proeqtebis momzadebis da moqalaqeTa miRebis uflebam-
mosamarTlis TanaSemwed SeiZleba dainiSnos piri, osileba, saqmeTa momzadeba sasamarTlo sxdomebze gansax-
romelsac aqvs umaRlesi iuridiuli ganaTleba da rogorc ilvelad, saTanado sasamarTlo prqtikis masalebis da
wesi, gavlili aqvs samTviani saswavlo kursi samosamarTlo samarTlebrivi literaturis moZieba da a.S., rac erTis
swavlebis centrSi, an aqvs mosamarTled, prokurorad, mxriv xels uwyobs mosamarTlis TanaSemwis profesiul
gamomZieblad, agreTve advokatad muSaobis erTi wlis daostatebas da meore mxriv Sesabamis daxmarebas uwevs
gamocdileba, anda saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos, mosamarTles.
afxazeTisa da aWaris avtonomiuri respublikebis uzenaesi sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivani_ amowmebs, gamocxaddnen
(umaRlesi) sasamarTloebis, Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarT- Tu ara sasamarTlo procesze gamoZaxebuli pirebi, da amis
los konsultantad muSaobis aranakleb 1 wlis gamocdile- Taobaze moaxsenebs sasamarTlos; Tavmjdomaris winadadeb-
ba, agreTve piri, romelsac Cabarebuli aqvs mosamarTlis iT sajarod kiTxulobs saproceso dokumentebs, awarmoebs
sakvalifikacio gamocda. mosamarTlis TanaSemwes kanonmde- sasamarTlo sxdomis oqms.
blobiT dadgenili wesiT Tanamdebobaze niSnavs da Tanam- sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivani valdebulia srulad da
debobidan aTavisuflebs sasamarTlos Tavmjdomare. sworad Caweros oqmSi sasamarTlos moqmedeba da gadaw-
mosamarTlis TanaSemwe mosamarTlis davalebiT amzadebs yvetileba, agreTve sasamarTlo sxdomis yvela monawilis
sisxlis samarTlis saqmes sasamarTlo sxdomaze gansaxil- moqmedeba, gancxadeba, Suamdgomloba, Cveneba da axsna-gan-
velad, iRebs moqalaqeebs, maT gancxadebebs, procesis marteba. oqmis momzadebisas mdivans ufleba aqvs gamoiyenos
monawileebs atyobinebs sasamarTlo sxdomis drosa da stenografia, diqtofoni da sxva teqnikuri saSualebani. Tu
adgils, amzadebs sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis proeqtebs, oqmis gamo arsebobs SeniSvnebi, sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivani
agreTve saproceso dokumentebis aslebs da, kanonis moTx- iZleva axsna-ganmartebas. oqmis Sinaarsis gamo Tavmjdomar-

196 197
esTan uTanxmoebis SemTxvevaSi mdivans ufleba aqvs gamoTq- uZlieresi saxelmwifo organo iyo. mas saxelmwifos Tvals
vas Tavisi SeniSvna an Sesagebeli da gaugzavnos isini uwodebdnen. Tanamedrove periodSi samarTlebrivi reformis
gansaxilvelad zemdgomi sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares. Sedegad prokuraturam instituciuri cvlilebebi ganicada.
sssk iTvaliwinebs sasamarTlos sxdomis mdivnis ac- saqarTvelos 1995 wlis konstituciis 91-e muxlis Tanax-
ilebis safuZvlebs da adgens, rom sxdomis mdivani mad, prokuratura sasamarTlo xelisuflebis daweseb-
monawileobas ver miiRebs sisxlis samarTlis saqmis war- uleba iyo. 2004 wels saqarTvelos konstituciaSi Seta-
moebaSi, Tu: nili cvlilebebiT 91-e muxli amoRebul iqna. dRes proku-
a) igi ar iyo Tanamdebobaze daniSnuli kanoniT dadgenili ratura aris aRmasrulebeli xelisuflebis dawesebule-
wesiT; ba.
b) igi monawileobs an winaT monawileobda imave saqmeSi, prokuraturis organizacia, uflebamosileba da saqmi-
rogorc eWvmitanili, braldebuli, damcveli, dazarale- anobis wesi gansazRvrulia 2008 wlis 21 oqtombers miRe-
buli, samoqalaqo mosarCele, samoqalaqo mopasuxe, buli organuli kanoniT saqarTvelos mTavari prokuraturis
eqsperti, specialisti, Tarjimani, damswre, mowme, anda Sesaxeb.
braldebulis, eWvmitanilis, dazaralebulis, samo- prokuraturis funqciebi, saproceso uflebamosileba
qalaqo mosarCelis an samoqalaqo mopasuxis kanonieri da prokuroris samarTlebrivi statusi regulirebulia
warmomadgeneli; saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsiT.
d) mas am saqmis mwarmoebel Tanamdebobis pirTan an „b“ prokuroris samarTlebrivi mdgomareoba procesSi, misi
qvepunqtSi aRniSnul sxva pirebTan naTesauri, mego- saqmianobis formebi da meTodebi ganisazRvreba samarTal-
bruli an sxva axlobluri urTierToba aqvs; warmoebis saerTo amocanebiTa da im uSualo amocanebiT,
e) aris sxva garemoebebi, romlebic eWvs badebs mis obieq- romlebic unda gadawydes yovel calkeul stadiaze.
turobasa da miukerZoeblobaSi. am funqciis Sesrulebis uzrunvelsayofad prokura-
tura procesualurad xelmZRvanelobs gamoZiebas, kanoniT
dadgenili wesiT sruli moculobiT atarebs danaSaulis
$2. prokurori winaswar gamoZiebas, sasamarTloSi mxars uWers saxelmwifo
braldebas.
prokuratura saxelmwifo organoTa Soris erT-erTi
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
uZvelesi organoa. mas mravalsaukunovani istoria aqvs. igi
55-e muxlis Tanaxmad prokuratura sisxlis samarTlebri-
rogorc saxelmwifo instituti pirvelad Camoyalibda
vi devnis organoa.
safrangeTSi 1302 wels mefe filip IV mier gamocemuli
sisxlis samarTlebrivi devna saproceso saqmianobaa,
ordonansis safuZvelze.
romelic xorcieldeba danaSaulis gaxsnis, braleuli piris
sabWoTa saxelmwifos arsebobisas prokuratura
mxilebis da misi sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis

198 199
mizniT. kanonis Tanaxmad, sisxlis samarTlebrivi devna devna anda winaswari gamoZieba an SeaCeros sisxlis samarT-
aris uflebamosili piris mier ganxorcielebul moqmede- lebrivi devna; Secvalos braldeba; braldebelTan dados
baTa erToblioba, romlis mizania braldebulis mimarT saproceso SeTanxmeba da sasamarTloSi waradginos Suam-
sisxlis samarTlisa da sisxlis samarTlis saproceso dgomloba braldebulis mimarT sasamarTlos mier saqmis
kanonebiT gaTvaliswinebuli RonisZiebebis gamoyenebis uz- arsebiTi ganxilvis gareSe ganaCenis gamotanis Taobaze; aRZ-
runvelyofa.prokurori aris erTaderTi subieqti, romel- ras sarCeli braldebuli Tanamdebobis piris qonebis Cam-
ic monawileobs sisxlis samarTlis procesis yvela sta- orTmevisa da saxelmwifosaTvis gadacemasTan dakavSirebiT.
diaze. Tumca uflebamosileba, funqciebi, amocanebi saqmis gamoZiebaze saproceso xelmZRvanelobis funqciis ganx-
warmoebis sxvadasxva stadiaze gansxvavebulia da erTi da orcielebisas prokurori uflebamosilia qvemdebareobis
igive ar aris. upirveles yovlisa, unda aRiniSnos, rom moTxovnaTa dacviT saqmis gamoZieba daavalos gamoZiebis
prokurori Tavis funqciebs axorcielebs saxelmwifos ama Tu im organos an gamomZiebels; savaldebulo miTiTe-
saxeliT. bebi misces gamomZiebels an qvemdgom prokurors saga-
winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze prokurori axorcielebs moZiebo moqmedebis Catarebis, sagamoZiebo versiaTa Semow-
sisxlis samarTlebriv devnas da aseve asrulebs gamoZie- mebisa da gamoZiebis warmoebisas wamoWril sxva sakiTxebze,
baze saproceso xelmZRvanelobis funqciasac. aqedan gamom- moiTxovos sisxlis samarTlis saqmis calkeuli masalebi
dinare sasamarTlomdel stadiaze prokuroris uflebam- an sisxlis samarTlis saqme mTlianad; gaauqmos gamomZieb-
osileba SeiZleba daiyos or jgufad: I jgufSi Sedis lis an qvemdgomi prokuroris dadgenileba; sagamoZiebo
gamoZiebaze sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis ganxorcielebi- qvemdebareobis Sesaxeb moTxovnaTa dacviT saqme CamoarTvas
sas prokuroris uflebamosilebani, xolo II jgufSi sap- erT gamomZiebels da gadasces meores. amasTan am saerTo
roceso xelmZRvanelobis ganxorcielebisas kanoniT dadge- wesidan arsebobs gamonaklisi. saqarTvelos generalur
nili uflebamosilebani. prokurors, mis moadgiles, agreTve avtonomiuri respub-
winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze prokurori sisxlis sa- likis prokurors Tavis samoqmedo teritoriaze ufleba
marTlebrivi devnis ganxorcielebisas uflebamosilia: gam- aqvs sagamoZiebo qvemdebareobis miuxedavad erTi sagamoZie-
oitanos dadgenileba braldebulis saxiT piris sisxlis bo organodan amoiRos nebismieri saqme da igi gamosaZieblad
samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis Sesaxeb; braldebulisaTvis gadasces sxva sagamoZiebo uwyebas; gamoZiebis saproceso
aRkveTis RonisZiebis SerCevis, Secvlis an gauqmebis, adami- xelmZRvanelobidan CamoaSoros qvemdgomi prokurori da
anis uflebaTa SemzRudveli sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catare- misi funqciebi daakisros sxva prokurors; gadawyvitos
bis Sesaxeb mosamarTlis brZanebis misaRebad SuamdgomlobiT saCivari gamomZieblis moqmedebisa da dadgenilebis gamo,
mimarTos sasamarTlos; monawileoba miiRos sagamoZiebo mo- xolo misi sasamarTloSi gasaCivrebis SemTxvevaSi saWiro
qmedebis CatarebaSi an TviTon awarmoos winaswari gamoZieba axsna-ganmarteba misces sasamarTlos.
sruli moculobiT; Sewyvitos sisxlis samarTlebrivi zemdgomi prokurori uflebamosilia gaauqmos qvem-

200 201
dgomi prokuroris mier miRebuli ukanono anda dausabuTe- bis damtkicebis, qmedebis sisxlis samarTlebrivi kvali-
beli gadawyvetileba, Seitanos masSi cvlilebebi an igi fikaciis, braldebulis Seracxadobis, sasjelis saxisa da
Secvalos axali gadawyvetilebiT; winaswari gamoZiebisas zomis daniSvnis, sisxlis samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblo-
prokuroris dadgenilebis Sesruleba savaldebuloa admin- bisa da sasjelisgan braldebulis gaTavisuflebis Ses-
istraciuli organos, Tanamdebobis pirebis, fizikuri da axeb; mimarTos sasamarTlos SuamdgomlobiT winaswari
iuridiuli pirebisaTvis. gamoZiebis procesSi fizikuri da kerZo samarTlis iu-
marTalia, prokurori gamoZiebaze saproceso xelmZRvane- ridiuli pirebisagan mtkicebulebaTa gamoTxovis Suam-
lobas axorcielebs da ara zedamxedvelobas, magram am fun- dgomlobiT. amasTan, saapelacio instanciaSi prokurori
qciis ganxorcielebisas aqac vlindeba erTgvari saxelisu- kvlav saxelmwifo bralmdebelia, sakasacio warmoebis
flebo _ gankargulebiTi uflebamosilebis elementebi. stadiaze ki igi mxars uWers Tavis saCivars, an gamoTqvams
winaswari gamoZiebis damTavrebis Semdeg prokurori azrs im saCivris Sesaxeb, romelic samarTalwarmoebis sxva
gansazRvravs sisxlis samarTlis saqmis Semdgom moZraobas. monawilem Seitana.
prokuroris saproceso mdgomareoba sasamarTlo ganxilvis Tu prokurori ar eTanxmeba sasamarTlos ganaCens da
stadiaze arsebiTad gansxvavdeba winaswar gamoZiebaSi misi mas miiCnevs ukanonod da dausabuTeblad, ufleba aqvs
samarTlebrivi mdgomareobisagan. upirveles yovlisa, sasa- rogorc mxares gaasaCivros igi zemdgom instanciebSi
marTloSi prokuroris saxelisuflebo _ gankargulebiTi saapelacio da sakasacio wesiT. amasTan, saapelacio instan-
uflebamosilebis elementebi ar SeiniSneba, radgan igi ciaSi prokurori kvlav saxelmwifo bralmdebelia, sakasa-
monawileobs rogorc mxare da aRWurvilia mxaris Tanabari cio warmoebis stadiaze ki igi mxars uWers Tavis saCivars,
saproceso uflebebiT. an gamoTqvams azrs im saCivris Sesaxeb, romelic samarTal-
sasamarTloSi prokurori aris saxelmwifo bralmde- warmoebis sxva monawilem Seitana.
beli. mas kanoniT ekisreba braldebis mtkicebis mova-
leoba. Tavisi uflebamosilebis ganxorcielebisas proku- $3. gamomZieblis samarTlebrivi
rori sasamarTloSi damoukidebelia da emorCileba mx- statusi
olod kanons. sasamarTlo sxdomaSi prokuroris
sagamoZiebo qvemdebareoba. qvemdebareoba aris sisxlis
monawileoba savaldebuloa. prokurori sasamarTloSi
samarTlis saqmis kanoniT dadgenili niSnebis erToblioba,
uflebamosilia: ganacxados Suamdgomloba da acileba;
romelTa gaTvaliswinebiT mocemuli danaSaulis gamoZieba
waradginos mtkicebulebebi, monawileoba miiRos mtkice-
ganekuTvneba winaswari gamoZiebis ama Tu im organos kom-
bulebaTa gamokvlevaSi, maTi dasaSvebobis sakiTxis ganx-
petencias. sisxlis samarTlis procesis TeoriaSi ganasx-
ilvaSi, gamoTqvas Tavisi azri sasamarTlo ganxilvisas
vaveben sagnobriv, personalur, alternatiul da terito-
wamoWril yvela sakiTxze, monawileoba miiRos mxareTa
riul qvemdebareobas.
kamaTSi da sasamarTlos gaacnos Tavisi pozicia bralde-

202 203
sagnobrivi qvemdebareoba gulisxmobs sagamoZiebo or- bis organoebis reformirebis koncefcia da kanonproeqti
ganos kompetenciis gansazRvras danaSaulis Semadgenlobis, erTiani sagamoZiebo organos Seqmnis Taobaze, sadac xazg-
misi kvalifikaciis mixedviT. am niSnis mixedviT prokura- asmuli iyo erTiani sagamoZiebo organos (biuros, komite-
turis sagamoZiebo qvemdebareobaSia mkvlelobis, janmrTe- tis) Seqmnis upiratesoba, rac ZiriTadad erTiani samcni-
lobis dazianebis da sxva danaSaulTa saqmeebi. ero-teqnikuri saSualebebis baziT, marTvis organizebulo-
personaluri qvemdebareoba gulisxmobs danaSaulis sub- biTa da efeqturi administrirebiT iyo gamarTlebuli.
ieqtis specifikis gaTvaliswinebiT gamoZiebis movaleobis kanonmdebelma sabolood upiratesoba mianiWa gamoZiebis
dakisrebas ama Tu im sagamoZiebo organosadmi. danaSaulis organoebis ara centralizebuli wesiT mowyobas, romelsac
subieqtis personaluri niSnis gaTvaliswinebiT prokuraturas analogi ara aqvs msoflios arc erT qveyanaSi, aramed
eqvemdebareba prokuroris, gamomZieblis, mosamarTlis da a.S. garkveulwilad aprobirebul uwyebriv gamoZiebas, romelic
Cadenili danaSaulis saqmeebi. orientirebulia viwro specializaciaze da miznad isaxavs
alternatiuli qvemdebareoba gulisxmobs imas, rom erTi swrafi, efeqturi da qmediTi gamoZiebis Catarebas erTi
da imave kategoriis danSaulTa saqmeebze garkveuli garemoe- uwyebis farglebSi.
bebis gaTvaliswinebiT gamoZieba tardeba sxvadasxva uwyebis saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
gamomZieblis mier. magaliTad, Sinagan saqmeTa saministro 61-e muxlis Tanaxmad, winaswari gamoZiebis organoebs mie-
roca iZiebs mis qvemdebare danaSaulis saqmes da gamoZiebis kuTvneba saqarTvelos prokuraturis, Sinagan saqmeTa samin-
procesSi gamovlindeba am danaSaulTan dakavSirebuli samox- istros, Tavdacvis saministros, iusticiis saministros,
eleo danaSaulis Cadena, vTqvaT, qrTamis aReba, cxadia, es garemos dacvisa da bunebrivi resursebis saministros da
saqmec S/s sagamoZiebo samsaxurma unda gamoiZios. Tumca, da finansTa saministros Sesabamisi samsaxuris sagamoZiebo
saerTo wesis mixedviT, igi prokuraturas eqvemdebareba. danayofebi.
teritoriuli qvemdebareoba gulisxmobs gamoZiebis war- uwyebrivi da personaluri sagamoZiebo qvemdebareobis
moebas danaSaulis Cadenis adgilis mixedviT. saqarTvelos sakiTxs aregulirebs sssk 62-e muxli. sisxlis samarTlis
sssk 63-e muxlis Tanaxmad, winaswar gamoZiebas awarmoebs saqmeTa umravlesoba ganekuTvneba Sinagan saqmeTa organoe-
gamomZiebeli, romlis iurisdiqciac vrceldeba teritoriaze, bis gamomZieblis sagamoZiebo qvemdebareobas. agreTve Sina-
sadac danaSauli moxda. Tu Cadenilia ramdenime danaSauli, gan saqmeTa saministros mosamsaxuris mier Cadenili samx-
saqmes iZiebs gamomZiebeli, romlis sagamoZiebo qvemdebare- edro samsaxuris winaaRmdeg mimarTuli nebismieri dana-
obasac ganekuTvneba yvelaze mZime danaSauli. Sauli eqvemdebareba amave uwyebis sagamoZiebo danayofs.
uwyebrivi qvemdebareoba gulisxmobs gamoZiebis warmoe- prokuraturis gamomZieblis sagamoZiebo qvemdebareobas
bas uflebamosili gamoZiebis organos mier. ganekuTvneba samoxeleo danaSauli (saq. ssk 332-342-e mm.)
saqarTveloSi uwyebrivi formiT gamoZieba warmoebs ukanono Semosavlis legalizacia (sssk 194-e m.) agreTve
2004 wlidan. manamde iyo SemuSavebuli winaswari gamoZie- maRali rangis Tanamdebobis pirTa mier Cadenili danaSaule-

204 205
bi, kerZod, saqarTvelos prezidentis, parlamentis wevris, sagamoZiebo qvemdebareobis daucveloba warmoadgens
mTavrobis wevris, mosamarTlis, saxalxo damcvelis, kon- saproceso kanonmdeblobis arsebiT darRvevas, rac iwvevs
trolis palatis Tavmjdomaris, erovnuli bankis sabWos metad seriozul Sedegebs. magaliTad, Sekrebili mtkiceb-
wevris, saqarTvelos sagangebo da sruluflebiani elCisa ulebebis iuridiuli Zalis ar mqoned cnobas, radgan
da despanis, prokuroris, gamomZieblis, prokuraturis mrCev- isini Sekrebil iqna arasaTanado subieqtebis mier. aseTi
lis, policielis, oficrebis mier Cadenili danaSaulebi. daskvna keTdeba calkeul SemTxvevaSi saqmis konkretuli
finansTa saministros Sesabamisi samsaxuris sagamoZiebo garemoebebis gaTvaliswinebiT.
danayofis gamomZieblebi iZieben ekonomikuri danaSaulis kanonis Tanaxmad, Tu gamomZiebeli daadgens, rom saqme
umetesobas, (sssk 182-e, 189-e, 189 1-e, 190-e, 192-e, 193-e, misi qvemdebare ar aris, is valdebulia Caataros yvela
195-e, 201-e, 205-e, 213-e, 214-e, (me-4 nawilis garda), 216- gadaudebeli sagamoZiebo moqmedeba da saqme gadasces proku-
e, 221-e mm.). rors, romelic warmarTavs saqmes sagamoZiebo qvemdebareo-
Tavdacvis saministros sagamoZiebo danayofis gamomZie- bis mixedviT. roca aucilebelia sagamoZiebo moqmedeba
blebi iZieben samxedro samsaxuris winaaRmdeg mimarTuli Catardes im teritoriaze, romelzec gamomZieblis iuris-
danaSaulis umravlesobas (ssk 383-398, 394-e, 403-e mm.) diqcia ar vrceldeba, gamomZiebels ufleba aqvs Caataros
da mmarTvelobis wesis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli danaSauleb- igi piradad an misi Catareba daavalos sxva gamomZiebels.
is calkeul Semadgenlobebs (356-359-e m.). nebismier gamomZiebels saqarTvelos teritoriaze ufleba
iusticiis saministros daqvemdebarebuli sasjel- aqvs daubrkoleblad Caataros kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli
aRsrulebis departamentisa da saaRsrulebo departamentis sagamoZiebo moqmedeba mis warmoebaSi arsebul sisxlis
sagamoZiebo danayofebis gamomZieblebi iZieben sasamarTlo samarTlis saqmeze.
aqtebis aRsrulebis winaaRmdeg mimarTul danaSaulebs, aseve praqtikaSi damkvidrebulia wesi, romlis Tanaxmadac,
ssk 342 1-e (sasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebaSi samsaxuris roca gamomZiebeli sxva gamomZieblis samoqmedo terito-
dadgenili wesis darRveva) muxliT gaTvaliswinebul da- riaze atarebs sagamoZiebo moqmedebas winaswar amis Ses-
naSauls, agreTve sasjelaRsrulebis dawesebulebis teri- axeb saqmis kursSi ayenebs aRniSnuli qalaqis, raionis
toriaze momxdar danaSaulebs. prokurors. am wess zneobrivi gamarTleba aqvs.
kanonis Tanaxmad, prokuraturasa da gamoZiebis sxva kanonSi araferia naTqvami iseT SemTxvevaze, roca da-
danarCen organoebs Soris konkurenciis arsebobisas saga- naSauli mravalepizodiania, Cadenilia TanamonawileTa
moZiebo qvemdebareobasTan dakavSirebiT, gamoZiebas awarmoebs mravalricxovani jgufis mier da misi geografia moicavs
prokuratura. saqarTvelos ramdenime regions. kanonis Tanaxmad, gamoZie-
ramdenime braldebis saqmeTa erT warmoebad gaerTiane- ba unda Catardes iq, sadac aRmoCenil iqna yvelaze mZime
bisas saqmes iZiebs gamomZiebeli, romlis sagamoZiebo qvem- danaSauli, mocemul SemTxvevaSi misi erT-erTi epizodi.
debareobasac ganekuTvneba ufro mZime danaSauli. gamomZieblis uflebamosileba. winaswari gamoZiebis

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subieqti aris gamomZiebeli. buli, dadgenili iyos yovel saqmeze yvela damnaSave piri,
kanonis Tanaxmad, gamomZiebeli aris saxelmwifo Tana- gairkves danaSaulis motivi, mizani, misi Cadenis saSu-
mdebobis piri, romelic Tavisi kompetenciis farglebSi aleba da a.S. saqmis garemoebebi iyos gamokvleuli miuker-
uflebamosilia awarmoos sisxlis samarTlis saqmis Zoeblad da saqmeze iyos Seswavlili da dadgenili bral-
gamoZieba. debulis rogorc mamxilebeli, ise misi gamamarTlebeli
garda uwyebrivi kuTvnilebisa, gamomZiebeli Tanamdebo- garemoebebi.
bis mixedviT SeiZleba iyos staJior-gamomZiebeli, gamomZie- gamomZiebeli kanonis Tanaxmad uflebamosilia Caataros
beli, ufrosi gamomZiebeli, gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovan kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli yvela sagamoZiebo da saproceso
saqmeTa gamomZiebeli, gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovan saqmeTa moqmedeba, garda im SemTxvevebisa, roca kanoniT gaTval-
ufrosi gamomZiebeli. iswinebulia mosamarTlis brZaneba an prokuroris Tanx-
yvela gamomZiebeli maTi uwyebrivi kuTvnilebis miuxe- moba. gamomZiebeli uflebamosilia calkeuli sagamoZiebo
davad asrulebs erTian funqcias, yvelas aqvs erTiani da saproceso moqmedebebis Casatareblad, romlebic zRu-
statusi, Tanabari ufleba-movaleobebi. maT mier kanoniT daven adamianis konstituciur uflebebs, SuamdgomlobiT
gaTvaliswinebuli wesiT ganxorcielebuli yvela saga- mimarTos sasamarTlos da gamoiTxovos mosamarTlis br-
moZiebo moqmedeba Tanabari iuridiuli Zalisaa, praqtikul Zaneba. uflebamosilia pirs warudginos dadgenileba bral-
saqmianobaSi yvela maTgani xelmZRvanelobs erTiani sisxlis debulis saxiT sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis
samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobiT. Sesaxeb da kanoniT dadgenili wesiT gamoiyenos mis mimarT
gamomZieblis saqmianobis Sinaarsi da mimarTuleba gan- aRkveTis RonisZiebebi, aseve gamoiyenos sisxlis samarTlis
isazRvreba sisxlis samarTalwarmoebis amocanebiT. saproceso iZulebis yvela RonisZieba da amisaTvis gam-
gamomZiebeli movalea daadginos danaSaulis Semadgen- oiTxovos mosamarTlis brZaneba kanoniT dadgenili wes-
lobis niSnebi, gansazRvros misi kvalifikacia, daadginos iT.
monacemebi, romlebic axasiaTeben danaSaulis subieqts, gamomZiebels mis warmoebaSi arsebul saqmeze ufleba
gamoavlinos danaSaulis Camdeni piri da uzrunvelyos misi aqvs moiwvios Tarjimani, specialisti, amosacnobi piri;
sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micema, daadginos mtkice- dadgenilebis gamotaniT cnos piri dazaralebulad, samo-
bis saganSi Semavali garemoebebi da amiT Seqmnas aucilebeli qalaqo mosarCeled an samoqalaqo mopasuxed da ganumartos
wanamZRvrebi sasamarTloSi saqmis sworad gadasawyvetad. maT ufleba-movaleobebi.
gamoZiebisas Segrovili masalebi xom sasamarTlo ganxil- gamomZiebeli movalea uzrunvelyos damcvelis
vis sagania. monawileoba saqmeSi savaldebulo dacvis SemTxvevaSi da
gamomZiebeli valdebulia gamoZieba awarmoos yovelmxriv, Seqmnas misi saqmianobis xelSemwyobi pirobebi, gaaTavisu-
srulad da obieqturad, rac imas niSnavs, rom saqmis ga- flos arasmqoneni iuridiuli daxmarebis gadasaxadisagan,
remoebebi iyos Rrmad, safuZvlianad Seswavlili da Sefase- movalea Seasrulos braldebulisa da damcvelis moTx-

208 209
ovnebi sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebis Sesaxeb da uzrun- gamomZiebels ufleba aqvs gansazRvros aucilebeli
velyos damcvelis monawileoba mis CatarebaSi. gamomZiebeli sagamoZiebo moqmedebebis wre, daadginos maTi Catarebis
movalea miiRos zomebi danaSaulis Sedegad miRebuli zianis Tanmimdevroba. gamomZiebeli gansazRvravs Sekrebili mt-
asanazRaureblad, miiRos zomebi danaSaulis Cadenis xelSem- kicebulebebis sakmarisobas da maT afasebs Tavisi Sinagani
wyobi mizezebisa da pirobebis gamosavlenad. rwmeniT, rac, cxadia, dafuZnebuli unda iyos saqmis gare-
gamomZiebels ufleba aqvs werilobiTi davaleba misces moebebis yovelmxriv, srul da obieqtur gamokvlevaze, igi
operatiul-samZebro organoebs operatiul-samZebro da xelmZRvanelobs kanoniT da marTlSegnebiT.
samZebro RonisZiebaTa Catarebis Sesaxeb mis warmoebaSi amasTan, gamomZieblis saproceso damoukidebloba abso-
arsebuli sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebasTan dakav- luturi ar aris. kanonis Tanaxmad igi valdebulia Seas-
SirebiT; saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi moiTxovos reviziis, rulos prokuroris miTiTeba, romelic gamoZiebis sapro-
inventarizaciis, sauwyebo Semowmebis Catareba da gamoZie- ceso xelmZRvanelia. kanonis Tanaxmad, Tu gamomZiebeli ar
bisaTvis saWiro dokumentebis wardgena. eTanxmeba prokuroris miTiTebas braldebis moculobis,
gamomZiebeli movalea miiRos gadawyvetileba acilebis qmedebis kvalifikaciis, sagamoZiebo versiebis Semowmebis,
Sesaxeb da Tavisi ganmartebebi warudginos prokurors. braldebulis saxiT sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi mi-
gamomZieblis moqmedebis da gadawyvetilebis gasaCivre- cemis, moqalaqeTa konstituciuri uflebebisa da Tavisu-
bis SemTxvevaSi igi movalea saCivari da saqmis masalebi flebebis SemzRudvel sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa Catarebis
dauyovnebliv gaugzavnos saproceso xelmZRvanel proku- Sesaxeb, mas ufleba aqvs saqme da Tavisi mosazrebebi wer-
rors an sasamarTlos. ilobiT warudginos zemdgom prokurors, romelic auqmebs
gamomZiebeli procesis damoukidebeli subieqtia. igi qvemdgomi prokuroris miTiTebebs an gamoZiebas sxva
uflebamosilia damoukideblad warmarTos gamoZiebis mi- gamomZiebels avalebs. cxadia, zemdgomi prokuroris gad-
marTuleba, rac imas niSnavs, rom gamomZiebeli uflebam- awyvetileba sabolooa. prokuroris miTiTebisadmi uTanx-
osilia wamoayenos versiebi, varaudi danaSaulis faqtis, moebis SemTxvevaSi saqmis gadacema sxva gamomZieblisadmi
mis CadenaSi braleuli piris mimarT, bralis formebis, gulisxmobs imas, rom gamomZiebeli procesis damoukidebeli
qmedebis motivebis da saqmis sxva faqtobriv garemoebebze. subieqtia da amitom ar SeiZleba is iZulebuli iyos imo-
gamomZiebeli uflebamosilia gansazRvros TiToeuli ver- qmedos Tavisi Sinagani rwmenis winaaRmdeg, rac mas Camouy-
siis, TiToeuli epizodis gamosarkvevi sakiTxebi, gansaz- alibda saqmis garemoebebis Seswavlis Sedegad.
Rvros gamorkvevas daqvemdebarebuli informaciis wyaroebi. aqve isic unda aRiniSnos, rom bolo periodSi kanonSi
gamomZieblis mier gamoZiebis mimarTulebis gansazRvra Sesuli cvlilebebiT gamomZieblis uflebamosileba Sez-
praqtikulad emTxveva mis mier gamoZiebis sagnis gansaz- Rudulia mkveTrad, radgan winaswar gamoZiebaSi raime gad-
Rvras, rac, Tavis mxriv, ZiriTadia gamoZiebis gegmis Sed- awyvetilebas gamomZiebeli ar Rebulobs. mas ufleba ara
genisas. aqvs SeaCeros an Sewyvitos winaswari gamoZieba an sisxlis-

210 211
samarTlebrivi devna, ar aqvs uflebamosileba Seadginos $4 dazaralebuli da misi warmomadgeneli
sabraldebo daskvna da saerTod, yvela gadawyvetilebas sisxlis samarTlis procesSi
saqmeze Rebulobs prokurori, romelic gamoZiebaze sapro-
ceso xelmZRvanelobas axorcielebs.
gamomZiebeli valdebulia Seasrulos mosamarTlis br-
sisxlis samarTalwarmoebaSi piris ufleba/Tavisufle-
Zaneba. Tavis mxriv, kanonis Tanaxmad, gamomZieblis mier
bebi, kanonieri interesebi da usafrTxoeba, maTi aRiareba
gamotanili dadgenilebis Sesruleba savaldebuloa yvela
da dacva – saxelmwifos da misi samarTaldamcavi organoe-
dawesebulebis, sawarmos, organizaciis Tanamdebobis pirisa
bis movaleobaa, magram swored sisxlis samarTlis sapro-
da moqalaqeebisaTvis. gamoZiebis dadgenilebebis Seusrule-
ceso regulirebis sferoSi am debulebis realizaciisas
bloba iwvevs kanoniT dawesebul pasuxismgeblobas.
aqcenti xagrZlivi drois ganmavlobaSi keTdeboda danaSau-
lis CadenaSi eWvmitanili da braldebuli pirebis ufle-
bebis dacvaze. samwuxarod, dazaralebuli, romlis ufle-
bebis damcveli unda yofiliyo saxelmwifo didi xnis
ganmavlobaSi saTanado yuradRebis miRma iyo darCenili.
braldebulTan SedarebiT misi uflebebis kompleqsi bevrad
mcirea. garkveulwilad esec iyo erT-erTi mizezi pro-
cesSi misi pasiurobisa da es maSin, rodesac SejibrebiTo-
bis principi gulisxmobs sasamarTlo procesis imgvarad
warmarTvas, rom masSi braldebis da dacvis funqciebi, aseve
maTi Tanmxlebi funqciebi (samoqalaqo sarCelis mxardaWera)
iyos Tanabari.
swored amitom, yovelmxrivi, sruli da obieqturi
gamoZiebis da saqmeze marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebisaT-
vis didi mniSvneloba eniWeba saqmis warmoebaSi braldebis
mxaris da kerZod, dazaralebulis monawileobis xarixs da
aqtiurobas, procesSi prokuroris monawileobis miuxeda-
vad. imavdroulad, braldebis mxareze subieqtTa simravlis
miuxedavad (magaliTad prokurori, gamomZiebeli, dazarale-
buli, samoqalaqo mosarCele, maTi warmomadgenlebi),
dazaralebuli piris uflebebis srulyofilad dacva-aRd-

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genisaTvis gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba eniWeba swored uflebamonacvlis vinaobis gansazRvra, rogorc wesi,
dazaralebulis aqtiur monawileobas (vinaidan prokurori xdeba axlo naTesavebs Soris SeTanxmebiT, magram erTi
mowodebulia daicvas sajaro interesi) donis axlo naTesavebs (mag. Svilebs Soris) Soris davis
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 68-e muxlis SemTxvevaSi, sakiTxi wydeba wilisyriT. imavdroulad,
Tanaxmad, dazaralebulad miiCneva saxelmwifo, fizikuri calkeul SemTxvevebSi SeiZleba SeuZlebeli iyos axlo
an iuridiuli piri,romelsac moraluri, fizikuri Tu naTesavis vinaobis dadgena. aseT dros arc erTi piri ar
qonebrivi ziani miadga uSualod danaSaulis an Seuracxi miiCneva dazaralebulis warmomadgenlad, rac ar ewinaaRm-
piris marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis Sedegad anda romelsac degeba sssk miznebs.
aseTi ziani miayena danaSaulis Cadenis Semdeg fsiqikurad ganvixiloT TiToeuli calk-calke.
daavadebulma pirma. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis Tanaxmad, ziani
amdenad, sisxlis samarTlis procesSi dazaralebuli SeiZleba iyos:
SeiZleba iyos: 1. moraluri ziani
1. saxelmwifo; 2. fizikuri ziani1
2. iuridiuli piri; 3. qonebrivi ziani
3. fizikuri piri. 1. moralur zians _ warmoadgens zneobrivi tanjva rac
dazaralebulad SeiZleba cnobili iqnes rogorc gar- gamowveulia:
dacvlili piri (miuxedavad imisa, rom misi uflebebiT a) dabadebiT an kanoniT miniWebuli aramaterialuri sikeTis
isargeblebs misi warmomadgeneli), aseve Seuracxadi an xelyofiT (magaliTad sicocxle, janmrTeloba, Rirseba,
SezRuduli qmedunarianobis mqone piri imisdamiuxedavad saqmiani reputacia, piradi cxovrebis xelSuxebloba,
danaSaulis Cadenis momentSi igi imyofeboda Seracxad Tu piradi da ojaxuri cxovrebis saidumloeba da a.S.)
Seuracxad mdgomareobaSi. b) qmedebiT, romelic xelyofs mis pirad araqonebriv
Tu danaSaulis Sedegad dazaralebuli gardaicvala, uflebebs (magaliTad sakuTari saxeliT sargeblobis
misi uflebebi eniWeba mis romelime axlo naTesavs, romel- ufleba, saavtoro uflebebi da a.S.
ic xdeba dazaralebulis uflebamonacvle. kerZod, sssk g) misi qonebrivi uflebebis xelyofiT.
44.21 muxlis Tanaxmad axlo naTesavs miekuTvneba-mSobeli, kerZod, moralur zians miekuTneba gancdebi, rac dakav-
Svilad amyvani, Svili, Svilobili, papa-bebia, SviliSvili, Sirebulia axlobelTa mkvlelobiT, aqtiuri sazogadoebrivi
da, Zma, meuRle (maT Soris ganqorwinebulic). axlo naTe- saqmianobis /cxovrebis SesaZleblobis mospobiT, samsaxuris
savTa wre amomwuravad aris Camoyalibebuli kodeqsSi da dakargviT, saeqimo, ojaxuri saidumloebis gansajaroebiT,
amdenad, dauSvebelia aRniSnulis garda sxva naTesavTa saqmiano reputaciis, pativisa da Rirsebis Semlaxveli
mowveva procesSi dazaralebulis uflebamonacvlis sta-
tusiT. 1 Eexeba mxolod fizikur pirs

214 215
yalbi informaciis gavrcelebiT, dainvalidebiT, garkveuli SeiZleba miyenebuli iqnes:
uflebebis SezRudviT an CamorTmeviT, janmrTelobis da- 1. danaSaulis Sedegad;
zianebiT gamowveuli fizikuri tkiviliT, an moraluri 2. Seuracxadi piris marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebiT;
gancdebis Sedegad SeZenili daavadebiT da a.S. Sesabamisad, 3. danaSaulis Cadenis Semdeg fsiqikurad daavadebuli
pirs SeuZlia moiTxovos fuladi kompensacia dasaxiCrebis, piris mier;
damaxinjebis, biologiuri da fsiqologiuri funqciebis gamonaklisia daumTavrebeli danaSaulis SemTxvevebi,
moSlis an daqveiTebisaTvis aseve sxva saxis fizikuri Tu sadac dazaralebulad cnobisaTvis sakmarisia zianis miyen-
moraluri zianiT gamowveuli gancdebisaTvis. ebis SesaZleblobis arsebobac. aq dazaralebulad miiCneva
moraluri zianis odenobis gansazRvrisas mxedvelobaSi piri, romelsac danaSaulis momzadebis an mcdelobis Sed-
miiReba zianis simZime da braldebulis qonebrivi mdgo- egad SeiZleba misdgomoda ziani (muxli 68.3). imavdroulad
mareoba. zianis anazRaureba SeiZleba ganxorcieldes ara daumTavrebeli danaSaulis SemTxvevaSic SesaZlebelia ar-
mxolod fuladi kompensaciis saxiT, aramed sxva qone- sebobdes ukve miyenebuli zianis faqti. magaliTad binaSi
brivi gamoxatulebiTac. SeRweviT qurdobis mcdelobisas dazianda Sesasvleli kari,
2. fizikuri ziani gamoixateba janmrTelobis mdgo- mkvlelobis mcdelobisas pirs miadga sxeulis naklebad
mareobis SeryevaSi, sxeulebrivi dazianebebi, fizikuri mZime dazianeba da a.S
tkivilebi da a.S. da aRniSnulTan dakavSirebiT gaweuli dazaralebulad miiCneva piri, romelsac danaSaulis
iseTi xarjebi, rogoricaa magaliTad dakrZalvaze, Cadenis mcdelobisas faqtobrivad ganxorcielebuli qmede-
mkurnalobaze, proTezirebaze, medikamentebze da a.S. gaweu- bebiT an damTavrebuli danaSaulis Sedegad miadga fizikuri,
li xarjebi da pensiis gacema (kompensacia) qonebrivi an moraluri ziani.
3. qonebrivi ziani _ materialuri sikeTis, qonebis imavdroulad, dazaralebulad SeiZleba cnobili iqnes
dazianebiT an ganadgurebiT gamowveuli ziani. aq igulisx- ara mxolod xelyofili qonebis uSualo mesakuTre, aramed
meba rogorc pirdapiri ziani, aseve anacdeni sargebelic. is piric vis mflobelobaSic/sargeblobaSi iyo es nivTi.
unda aRiniSnos, rom rogorc wesi, erTi saxis qmedeb- magaliTad, qonebis mindobiT marTvisas Tu xelSekrule-
iT pirs adgeba ramdenime saxis ziani. magaliTad, yaCaRuri baSi aRniSnulia, rom gadacemuli qonebis ganzrax an gau-
Tavdasxmis SemTxvvaSi es SeiZleba gamoixatos fizikur, frTxileblobiT dazianebisas an ganadgurebisas qonebrivi
qonebriv da moralur zianSi; saqmiani reputaciis Semlax- ziani adgeba ara mxolod am qonebis mimndobs (mesakuTres),
veli informaciis gavrcelebis SemTxvevaSi-qonebriv da aramed aseve mindobil mesakuTresac.
moralur zianSi. unda aRiniSnos, rom Tumca dazaralebulad piris aRi-
dazaralebulad cnobis Sesaxeb saproceso gadaw- rebisaTvis saWiroa erT-erTi saxis zianis arseboba es
yvetilebis miRebis momentisaTvis saxeze unda iyos zemoT TavisTavad ar gulisxmobs am pirisaTvis miyenebuli zianis
aRniSnulidan erT-erTi saxis zianis miyenebis faqti. ziani mxolod an savaldebulo wesiT finansur/ materialur

216 217
anazRaurebas. miuxedavd imisa, rom kodeqsi dazaralebulis statuss
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis arsis da ukavSirebs zianis arsebobas, saproceso samarTlebrivi
principebidan gamomdinare, sisxlis samarTlis procesis mniSvnelobiT aseTi piri procesSi dazaralebulis am sta-
erTerTi amocanaa daicvas sisxlis samarTlis procesis tuss iZens mxolod procesis mwarmoebeli organos mier
yvela monawilis (da maT Soris dazaralebulis) ufle- dazaralebulad cnobis Sesaxeb dadgenilebis (ganCinebis)
bebi da Tavisuflebebi, daamkvidros sazogadoebaSi kanonis, gamotanis Semdeg.
humanizmisa da samarTlianobis ideebis pativiscema.Tumca sisxlis samarTlis procesi ansxvavebs danaSaulis msx-
calkeul SemTxvevebSi dazaralebulis prioritets SeiZle- verplis da dazaralebulis cnebas. kerZod, danaSaulebrivi
ba warmoadgendes danaSaulis CadenaSi braldebuli piris qmedebiT zianis miyenebisas dazaralebulad cnobis Sesaxeb
sisxlis samarTlebrivi wesiT dasja da misi interesebis Sesabamisi saproceso dokumentis gamotanamde, igi msxverplia
sferoSi ar Sediodes miyenebuli zianis anazRaurebis moTx- da saproceso samarTlebriv statuss misgan gamomdinare
ovna.swored amitom, sssk miyenebuli zianis anazRaurebis ufleba-movaleobebiT iZens mxolod procesis mwarmoebeli
sakiTxs ukavSirebs dazaralebulis nebis gamovlenas da organos, mier dazaralebulad cnobis Sesaxeb gadawyvetileb-
zianis anazRaurebis SesaZleblobas iTvaliswinebs mxolod is gamotanis Semdeg1. kerZod, es SeiZleba iyos:
dazaralebulis mier Sesabamisi samoqalaqo sarCelis Set- 1. gamomZieblis an prokuroris dadgenileba;
anis SemTxvevaSi.aRniSnuli sarCelis Seutanlobisas saga- 2. mosamarTlis dadgenileba an sasamarTlos ganCineba.
moZiebo organoebi msjeloben mxolod damnaSavis sisxlis dazaralebulad cnobis Sesaxeb dadgenileba (ganCineba)
samarTlis pasuxismgeblobis Sesaxeb. SeiZleba gamotanili iqnes mxolod sisxlissamarTlebrivi
Tu piri dazaralebulad cnobis Semdeg waradgens samo- devnis dawyebis Semdeg da masSi sxva rekvizitebTan erTad
qalaqo sarCels, procesis mwarmoebel organos (Tanamde- unda aRiniSnos miyenebuli zianis saxe. ramdenime saxis
bobis pirs) gamoaqvs dadgenileba (ganCineba) dazaralebulis zianis miyenebis SemTxvevaSi yvela maTgani aRiniSneba.
samoqalaqo mosarCeled cnobis Sesaxeb, xolo Tu samo- piri dazaralebulad SeiZleba iqnes miCneuli
qalaqo sarCeli Setanili iqneba piris dazaralebulad rogorc:
cnobamde, maSin procesis mwarmoebel organos SeuZlia 1. winaswari gamoZiebis;
gamoitanos: 2. sasamarTlo sxdomis mosamzadebeli nawilis; aseve
_ erTiani dadgenileba (ganCineba) piris dazaralebulad 3. sasamarTlo gamoZiebisas.
da samoqalaqo mosarCeled cnobis Sesaxeb
1 magaliTad e.w. `potenciur dazaralebuls~/ msxverpls ar gaaCnia pro-
_ calk-calke gamoitanos dadgenilebebi (ganCinebebi) cesis mwarmoebeli organos /Tanamdebobis piris qmedebaze saCivris Setanis
piris dazaralebulad da piris samoqalaqo mosarCeled uflebamosileba. anu Tu piri sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsiT dadge-
cnobis Sesaxeb. nili wesis Sesabamisad sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze ar aris cnobili dazarale-
bulad, mas saCivris Setanis kompetencia ar gaaCnia. mis mier Setanili saCivari
dazaralebulad cnoba: iTvleba arauflebamosili piris saCivrad da ar ganixileba.

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sasamarTloSi saqmis warmoebisas dazaralebulad cno- 3. mizezobrivi kavSiris arseboba qmedebasa da damdgar
bis ufleba aqvs mxolod pirveli instanciis sasamarTlos zians Soris. _ miuxedavad imisa, rom mizezobrivi kav-
(mosamarTles) sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvisas da Siris arsebobis dadgena SesaZlebelia mxolod winaswari
isic sasamarTlo kamaTis dawyebamde. Tu piris dazarale- gamoZiebis da sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvisas, aman
bulad cnobis safuZveli gamovlinda sisxlis samarTlis xeli ar unda SeuSalos piris dazaralebulad cnobas
saqmis pirveli instanciis sasamarTloSi ganxilvisas sasa- sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis sawyiss etapzeve, rodesac
marTlo kamaTis dawyebis Semdeg, an sisxlis samarTlis igi acxadebs misTvis zianis miyenebis faqtis Sesaxeb.
saqmis saapelacio da sakasacio wesiT ganxilvisas, sisxlis winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi igi moklebuli iqneba sisxlis
samarTlis saqmis ganmxilveli sasamarTlo (mosamarTle) samarTlis procesSi aqtiuri monawileobis da sakuTari
uflebamosili ar aris gamoitanos ganCineba (dadgenileba) uflebebis/interesebis dacvis SesaZleblobas.
piris dazaralebulad cnobis Taobaze. piri dazaralebulad unda iqnes cnobili im SemTxveva-
piris dazaralebulad cnoba SeiZleba ganxorcieleds: Sic, Tu misTvis miyenebuli ziani misive aramarTlzomieri
1. piradi gancxadebis safuZvelze qmedebiT aris gamowveuli. es garemoeba mxedvelobaSi unda
2. procesis mwarmoebeli organos iniciativiT. iqnes miRebuli sisxlis samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobis
piris dazaralebulad cnoba ar aris damokidebuli mis zomis gansazRvrisas, magram ver waarTmevs mas dazarale-
nebasurvilze. kerZod, dazaralebulad misi cnobisaTvis bulis uflebebs.
aucilebel winapirobas ar warmoadgens misi gancxadeba an sssk 68.7 muxlis Tanaxmad dazaralebuli sajaro an
Tanxmoba procesSi CarTvaze1. Sesabamisi zianis savaraudo kerZo-sajaro braldebis saqmis gamo aris subsidiuri
miyenebis faqtis dadgenisaTanave dauyovnebliv procesis bralmdebeli, xolo kerZo braldebis saqmis gamo _ kerZo
mwarmoebeli organo iRebs gadawyvetilebas piris pro- bralmdebeli.
cesSi dazaralebulad mowvevis Sesaxeb. vinaidan dayovneba aRniSnulis miuxedavad, sajaro an kerZo-sajaro bral-
uspobs am pirs kanoniT misTvis miniWebuli uflebebis debis sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze subsidiuri bralmdeblis
gamoyenebis SesaZleblobas. saxiT monawileobisas dazaralebulis uflebebi mniS-
dazaralebulad cnoba ar aris damokidebuli arc mis vnelovnad SezRudulia, vinaidan:
asakze da arc mis fizikur an fsiqikur mdgomareobaze. 1. mas da mis warmomadgenels ar aqvT ufleba gascdnen
piris dazaralebulad cnobis safuZvels warmoadgens: prokuroris mier formulirebuli saxelmwifo bral-
1. informacia savaraudod danaSaulis Cadenis Sesaxeb; debis farglebs;
2. am qmedebiT pirisaTvis zianis miyenebis faqti; 2. subsidiuri sisxlis samarTlebrivi devna winaswari
gamoZiebis stadiaze ar mimdinareobs, radgan igi gam-
1 gamonaklisia kerZo da kerZo-sajaro braldebis saqmeebi, romlebzec oixateba dazaralebulis da misi warmomadgenlis mxri-
sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis dawyebis safuZvels swored dazaralebulis
saCivari/ gancxadeba warmoadgens
dan prokuroros mier formulirebuli saxelmwifo

220 221
braldebis mxardaWeraSi. saxelmwifo braldeba ki ar- braldebuladac gvevlineba xolme da piriqiT (es gansa-
sebobs sasamarTlo ganxilvis da ara winaswari gamoZie- kuTrebiT exeba ssk 125-e muxls (cema)).
bis stadiaze. sisxlis samarTlis procesis mwarmoebeli organos mier
imavdroulad, subsidiuri braldebis SemTxvevaSi proku- piris dazaralebulad cnoba ar niSnavs piris dazaralebu-
roris mier braldebis moxsnis an Secvlis SemTxvevaSi lobis sakiTxis savaldebulo wesiT dadasturebas sasa-
dazaralebuls da mis warmomadgenels ufleba aqvT mxari marTlo ganaCeniT. sssk iTvaliswinebs piris dazaralebulad
dauWiron wina braldebas. Aam SemTxvevaSi sisxlis samarT- cnobis Sesaxeb ganCinebis (dadgenilebis) gauqmebis valde-
lebrivi devna ar wydeba da sisxlis samarTlis saqmis bulebas, Tu aRniSnuli saproceso dokumentis gamotanis
ganxilva sasamarTloSi grZeldeba, sadac bralmdeblad Semdeg dadgindeba, rom amis safuZveli ar arsebobs. amasTan,
gamodis dazaralebuli an misi warmomadgeneli, xolo es SeiZleba iyos procesis mwarmoebeli igive organo
prokurors uflba aqvs saqmis Semdgom ganxilvaSi (Tanamdebobis piri) an Tu es safuZveli gamovlindeba Sem-
monawileoba ar miiRos radgan man Tavisi pozicia ukve deg stadiaze-procesis mwarmoebeli sxva organo (Tanamde-
daafiqsira saxelmwifo braldebasTan mimarTebaSi. bobis piri). magaliTad, dazaralebulad cnobis Sesaxeb
amasTan, dazaralebulsac ufleba aqvs uari Tqvas gamomZieblis dadgenileba SeiZleba gaauqmos sisxlis sa-
braldebis mxardaWeraze. swored amitom, sasamarTlo sx- marTlis saqmis ganmxilvelma sasamarTlom (mosamarTlem),
domis mosamzadebel stadiaze sasamarTlo sxdomaSi Tu gauqmebis safuZveli gamovlinda saqmis sasamarTloSi
dazaralebulis monawileobis sakiTxis garkvevisa da mis- ganxilvis dros.
Tvis uflebebis ganmartebis dros sasamarTlom unda erT-erT problematur sakiTxs dazaralebulis samarT-
gaarkvios dazaralebulisa da misi warmomadgenlis pozi- lebriv statusTan dakavSirebiT warmoadgens dazaralebu-
cia subsidiuri sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis ganxorciele- lis procesualuri damoukideblobis da alternatiuli
basTan dakavSirebiT. gamoZiebis ganxorcielebis SesaZleblobis sakiTxi, razec
dazaralebulis interesebis dacvis saintereso SemTx- sakmaod didi xnis ganmavlobaSi mimdinareobda debatebi.
vevas warmoadgens kerZo braldebis saqmeTa warmoeba, sadac, kerZod, ramdenad aris daculi dazaralebulis interesebi
rogorc wesi figurirebs mxolod dazaralebulis kerZo im SemTxvevaSi, Tu sajaro braldebis saqmeze saxelmwifo
interesi da dazaralebuli kerZo bralmdeblad gvevlineba. bralmdebeli uars acxadebs braldebis mxardaWeraze da
Sesabamisad misi dawyebisTvisac swored dazaralebulis dazaralebuls uspobs sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis gagr-
saCivaria saWiro, iseve rogorc saqmis warmoebis Sewyvetac, Zelebis SesaZleblobas, rogor wydeba sakiTxi Tu dazarale-
rogorc wesi, dazaralebulis nebazea damokidebuli (mx- buli ar uWers mxars saxelmwifo bralmdeblis pozicias
areTa Serigebaze). Tumca rogorc sasamarTlo praqtika da iTxovs Cadenili qmedebis gansxvavebul kvalifikacias
gviCvenebs, am kategoriis saqmeebze mxareebi erTmaneTs uy- da Sesabamisad gansxvavebuli saxis sisxlis samarTlis
eneben braldebebs, ris gamoc dazaralebuli imavdroulad sasjels gansasjelisaTvis.sakmariasia Tu ara aRniSnuli

222 223
miznis misaRwevad misTvis gasaCivrebis da Suamdgomlobis bamonacvles ufleba aqvs:
gancxadebis uflebis miniWeba1. miT umetes, rom sssk 24.3 a) gaecnos dadgenilebas (ganCinebas) dazaralebulad cno-
muxlis Tanaxmad sajaro sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis bis Sesaxeb da miiRos ganmarteba misi Sinaarsisa da
ganxorcielebisas prokurori da gamomZiebeli SeboWilni Tavisi ufleba-movaleobebis Sesaxeb;
ar arian dazaralebulis da sxva pirTa poziciiT. b) misces Cveneba da ganmarteba;
dazaralebulis uflebebi da movaleobebi: g) ganacxados acileba;
dazaralebulad cnobis momentidan piri iZens ufle- d) ganacxados Suamdgomlobani mtkicebulebaTa gamoTxovis,
ba-movaleobaTa farTo kompleqss, romelTa meSveobiTac sasamarTlo da sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa Catarebis, saqmis
igi axorcielebs Tavisi uflebebis da kanonieri ineter- garemoebaTa Semowmebisa da samarTalwarmoebis dros
esebis dacvas da ramac unda uzrunvelyos procesSi misi wamoWrili sxva sakiTxebis Sesaxeb;
monawileobis maRali xarisxi. Tavisi uflebebis real- e) warmoadginos mtkicebulebani;
izaciis gziT igi axorcielebs braldebis funqcias: sa- v) sawinaaRmdego azri gamoTqvas procesis mwarmoebeli or-
jaro da kerZo-sajaro braldebis saqmeebze aris sub- ganos moqmedebaze da moiTxovos misi Setana sagamoZiebo
sidiuri bralmdebeli, kerZo braldebis saqmeebze-kerZo moqmedebis oqmSi an sasamarTlo sxdomis oqmSi;
bralmdebeli, xolo samoqalaqo sarCelis Setanis SemTx- z) gaasaCivros prokurorTan, saCivris uaryofis SemTx-
vevaSi_ xdeba samoqalaqo mosarCele da iZens mis ufle- vevaSi – zemdgom prokurorTan gamomZieblis da proku-
ba-movaleobebsac. imavdroulad misi Cvenebebi mtkiceb- roris moqmedeba da gadawyvetileba, xolo am kodeqsiT
ulebis wyaroa. dadgenil SemTxvevaSi – sasamarTloSi;
sssk dazaralebulisaTvis miniWebuli uflebebi piro- T) pirisTvis braldebis wayenebis Semdeg icodes misi
biTad sam nawilad iyofa: arsi;
1. dazaralebulis specifikuri uflebebi; i) monawileoba miiRos Tavisi SuamdgomlobiT Catarebul
2. braldebulis uflebebis analogiuri uflebebi; sagamoZiebo moqmedebaSi;
3. |procesis sxva monawileTa uflebebis analogiuri k) saqmis sabraldebo daskvniT sasamarTloSi gadagzavnis
uflebebi. Semdeg gaecnos saqmis mTeli masalis asls da nivTier
kerZod, sssk Tanaxmad, dazaralebuls an mis ufle- mtkicebulebebs;
m) monawileoba miiRos sasamarTlo ganxilvaSi: warmoad-
1 magaliTad aSS ssskanondebloba dazaralebuls aniWebs sisxlis samarT- ginos mtkicebulebani da gamoikvlios procesis sxva
lebrivi devnis ganxorceielbis uflebas. safrangeTis sss kanonmdeblobaSi
`dazaralebuli~ da `samoqalaqo mosarCelis cnebebi~ sinonimebia. dazarale-
monawileTa mier warmodgenili mtkicebulebani; gamov-
buls ufleba eZleva warmoadginos samoqalaqo sarCeli sisxlis samarTlis ides kamaTSi da gamoTqvas azri braldebis dasabuTebu-
procesSi da am gziT daiwyos sisxlis samarTlebrivi devna an samoqalaqo lobis, qmedebis kvalifikaciis, sasjelis saxisa da
mosarCelis saxiT Sevides sisxlis samarTlis procesSi prokuroris mier
dawyebul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze.

224 225
zomis, samoqalaqo sarCelis dakmayofilebis Sesaxeb; SemTxvevebSi;
gaecnos sasamarTlo sxdomis oqms da gamoTqvas masze f) procesis mwarmoebel pirs mosTxovos dacvis RonisZie-
SeniSvnebi; baTa gatareba, Tu safrTxe emuqreba rogorc mis, ise
n) gaasaCivros pirveli instanciis sasamarTlos ganaCeni misi axlo naTesavebis sicocxles, janmrTelobasa da
Tu sxva gadawyvetileba saapelacio an sakasacio wesiT, sakuTrebas
xolo kanoniT dadgenil SemTxvevebSi – axlad aRmoCe- q) uari Tqvas kerZo braldebaze;
nil da axlad gamovlenil garemoebaTa gamo, da gamoTq- R) mxolod dazarlebulis TanxmobiT SeiZleba Catardes
vas sawinaaRmdego azri procesis sxva monawileTa sa- dazaralebulis Semowmeba, eqspertiza dakavSirebuli
Civrebze; gaSiSvlebasTan. agreTve sircxvilis grZnobis gamom-
o) ufasod miiRos sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis an/da wvevi sxva moqmedeba1.
winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb dadgenilebis dazaralebulisa da misi uflebamonacvlis movaleobe-
(ganCinebis), sabraldebo daskvnis, ganaCenis, sxva bi:
Semajamebeli sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis aslebi, 1. dazaralebuli an misi uflebamonacvle valdebulia
Targmnili misTvis gasageb enaze, Tu ar icis sisxlis gamocxaddes gamomZieblis, prokuroris, sasamarTlos
samarTlis procesis ena; gamoZaxebiT _ sagamoZiebo moqmedebaSi an sasamarTlo
p) misces Cveneba da ganmarteba mSobliur an misTvis gasageb sxdomaSi dazaralebulis monawileobis uzrunvelyofis
enaze da isargeblos Tarjimnis ufaso momsaxurebiT; mizniT gamomZiebelTan, prokurorTan an mosamarTlesTan.
J) monawileoba miiRos saapelacio da sakasacio instancie- dazaralebulis arasapatio mizeziT gamoucxadeblobis
bis sasamarTloTa sxdomebSi da daicvas iq Tavisi SemTxvevaSi igi SeiZleba iZulebiT moiyvanon procesis
uflebebi da kanonieri interesebi; nebismier stadiaze, magram mxolod sasamarTlo gadaw-
r) miiRos procesSi monawileobis Sedegad gaweuli xar- yvetilebis (winaswari gamoZiebisas_ brZanebis, saqmis
jebis anazRaureba; arsebiTad ganxilvisas-dadgenilebis an ganCinebis) sa-
s) daibrunos gamoZiebisa da sasamarTlo ganxilvis dros fuZvelze. amasTan, dauSvebelia dazaralebulis moyvana
saqmis saWiroebisaTvis droebiT CamorTmeuli kuTvnili misi winaswari gamoZaxebis, nebayoflobiT gamocxade-
qoneba; baze uaris Tqmis da mizezis arasapatio xasiaTis
t) iyolios warmomadgeneli dazaralebulad cnobis momen- dadgenis gareSe. rogorc wesi, dauSvebelia sasamarT-
tidan da samarTalwarmoebis nebismier momentSi uari loSi saqmis arsebiTad ganxilvisas dazaralebulis
Tqvas mis momsaxurebaze; iZulebiT moyvana ssk 140 da 141-e muxlebiT gaTval-
u) ganTavisufldes advokat-warmomadgenlis Sromis anaz-
Raurebisagan 71-e muxlis me-2 nawiliT gaTvaliswinebul 1 sssk 69.1 muxlis `R~ qvepunqti iTvaliswinebs aseve mis uflebas samar-
TalSi micemis stadiaze monawileoba miiRos saqmis ganxilvaSi, maSin, rodesac
es stadia 2006wlis 28 aprilis kanoniT gauqmebulia.

226 227
iswinebul danaSaulTa saqmeebze, Tumca gamonaklisis 1. warmomadgenlad monawileobis uflebas aniWebs mxolod
saxiT, sssk iTvaliswinebs dazaralebulis iZulebiT advokatebs;
moyvanas Tu mosamarTles dazaralebulis monawileobis 2. ar zRudavs dazaralebuls warmomadgenelTa raode-
gareSe SeuZleblad miaCnia saqmis gadawyveta. nobaSi _ dazaralebuls SeuZlia procesSi moiwvios
dazaralebulis gamoucxadebloba sajaro da kerZo- warmomadgenelTa misTvis sasurveli raodenoba.
sajaro braldebis saqmeze ar abrkolebs sisxlissamarT- 3. adgens procesSi warmomadgenlis monawileobis saval-
lebrivi devnis ganxorcielebas. debulo SemTxvevebs.
2. gulaxdilad acnobos yvelaferi, rac saqmesTan dakav- warmomadgenlis institutis mizania xeli Seuwyos
SirebiT icis, da upasuxos dasmul SekiTxvebs_ procesis monawileTa mier sssk miniWebuli uflebebis,
dazaralebuls cru Cvenebis micemisaTvis ekisreba pa- movaleobebis da kanonieri ineteresebis srulyofilad
suxismgebloba saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kod- dacva-ganxorcielebas. aseTi dacva, rogorc wesi, sWird-
eqsis 370-e muxlis Sesabamisad. amasTan, sisxlissamarT- eba ara mxolod fizikur, aramed iuridiul pirebsac,
lebrivi devna am safuZvliT SeiZleba daiwyos mxolod romlebic:
ganaCenis an sxva Semajamebeli sasamarTlo gadaw- a) moklebulni arian procesSi damoukideblad monawileo-
yvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg. bis SesaZleblobas-magaliTad janmrTelobis mdgomare-
3. ar gaamJRavnos saqmesTan dakavSirebiT misTvis cnobili obis (qmeduunaroba, xangrZlivi stacionaluri
garemoebebi, Tu igi amis Sesaxeb gaafrTxila procesis mkurnaloba), mivlinebaSi yofnis gamo da a.S;
mwarmoebelma organom; b) procesSi monawileobisas ganicdian mniSvnelovan sirTu-
4. daicvas sssk dadgenili wesi winaswari gamoZiebis dros leebs TavianTi uflebebis da kanonieri interesebis
da sasamarTloSi. realizaciasTan dakavSirebiT-magaliTad SezRuduli
dazaralebulis warmomadgeneli: qmedunarianoba-arasrulwlovneba da a.S;
sisxlis samarTlis procesi Mmiuxedavad imisa, rom g) vinaidan ar gaaCniaT iuridiuli ganaTleba, upirateso-
procesis mwarmoebel organoebs akisrebs valdebulebas bas aniWeben advokatebis daxmarebas;
detalurad ganumarton dazaralebuls misi uflebebi da d) iuridiuli pirebi da saxelmwifo-procesSi monawileo-
movaleobebi, daicvan da xeli Seuwyon misi uflebebis ganx- ben mxolod warmomadgenlis meSveobiT.
orcielebas, vinaidan dazaralebuli, rogorc wesi, iu- sssk adgens procesSi dazaralebulis warmomadgenlis
ridiuli ganaTlebis ar mqonea, sssk dazaralebulis ufle- monawileobis or SemTxvevas:
bebis da kanonieri inetersebis dacvis uzrunvelyofis 1. fakultaturi-procesSi dazaralebulis warmomadgenlis
mizniT iTvaliswinebs dazaraleblis warmomadgenlis monawileoba damokidebulia dazaralebulis nebasur-
monawileobas winaswar gamoZiebasa da sasamarTloSi. amas- vilze. Tumca am SemTxvevaSic warmomadgenlis pro-
Tanave, sssk: cesSi Semosvlis safuZveli SeiZleba iyos an dazrale-

228 229
bulTan dadebuli SeTanxmeba iuridiuli momsaxurebis ar aregulirebs, procesSi mxareTa Tanabaruflebianobis da
gawevis Taobaze an procesis mwarmoebeli organos mier SejibrebiTobis principisaTvis saTanado winapirobebis Se-
warmomadgenlis daniSvna; qnis mizniT igulismeba, rom aq moqmedebs sssk is normebi,
2. savaldebulo SemTxvevebi-warmomadgenlis mowveva xde- romlebic aregulireben aRniSnul sakiTxs braldebulebT-
ba dazaralebulis nebis miuxedavad da calkeul SemTx- an (gansasjelebTan) mimarTebaSi. Sesabamisad,
vevebSi misi nebis sawinaaRmdegodac (Tu igi uars dazaralebuls ufleba aqvs procesis nebismier stadi-
acxadebs saerTod warmomadgenlis mowvevaze da ara aze uari Tqvas daniSnuli Tu mowveuli warmomadgenlis
konkretul pirze) da miekuTvneba erT-erT Semdeg kat- daxamarebaze da damoukideblad ganaxorcielos dacva an
egorias: moiwvios sxva warmomadgeneli. imavdroulad mas ufleba
• aris arasrulwlovani; aqvs Secvalos Tavisi uari warmomadgenlis daxmarebaze da
• qmeduunaro an SezRuduli qmedunarianobis mqone; mogvianebiT moiTxovos warmomadgenlis daniSvna an Tavad
• janmrTelobis mdgomareobis gamo ar SeuZlia daic- moiwvios igi. uari warmomadgenlis momsaxurebaze da misi
vas Tavisi interesebi Secvlis Sesaxeb Suamdgomloba unda dakmayofildes Tu
• aris adamianiT vaWrobis (trefikingis) danaSaulSi uari miznad ar isaxavs procesis gaWianurebas an procesis
dazaralebuli sxva monawilisaTvis xelis SeSlas Tavisi uflebebis ganx-
• aris arasrulwlovniT vaWrobis (trefikingis) da- orcielebaSi. amasTan, procesis mwarmoebel organos ara
naSaulSi dazaralebuli aqvs ufleba SezRudos dazaralebuli warmomadgenlis ar-
aRniSnul SemTxvevebSi procesis mwarmoebeli organo CevanSi.
uzrunvelyofs saqmeSi advokatis monwileobas, romlis sssk Tanaxmad procesSi dazaralebulis warmomadgenlis
xarjebsac aanazRaurebs saxelmwifo. unda aRiniSnos, rom monawileobis safuZvelia:
mxolod savaldebulo dacvis SemTxvevebTan mimarTebaSi 1. mowveva dazaralebulis an misi kanonieri warmomad-
sssk iTvaliswinebs dacvis funqciis ganxorcielebis genlis mier
uflebis miniWebas advokat-warmomadgenlis paralelurad 2. daniSvna procesis mwarmoebeli organos mier.
dazaralebulis kanonieri warmomadgenlisTvisac. Pprocesis mwarmoebeli organos mier warmomadgenlis
dazaralebulis savaldebulo warmomadgenlobasTan daniSvnas adgili aqvs or SemTxvevaSi:
dakavSireiT sainteresoa dazaralebulis ufleba warmomad- 1. savaldebulo warmomadgenloba;
genlis arCevaze da warmomadgenlis daxmarebaze uaris Tqmis 2. Tu dazaralebuls surs iyolios warmomadgeneli,
Taobaze, iseve rogorc sakiTxi warmomadgenelTa Secvlis magram ar gaaCnia sakmarisi finansuri SesaZlebloba misi
Sesaxeb, rogorc maTi saxazino wesiT daniSvnis, aseve saval- mowvevisaTvis-kerZod, gadaxdisuunarobis damadasturebeli
debulo warmomadgenlobis SemTxvevebTan mimarTebaSi. dokumentis wardgenis SemTxvevaSi, romelsac gascems
miuxedavad imisa, rom sssk aRniSnul sakiTxs pirdapir adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis da mmarTvelobis organo,

230 231
saxelmwifo uzrunvelyofs arasmqone dazaralebulis in- dazaralebulis warmomadgenels ara aqvs ufleba,
teresebis warmomadgenlad advokatis mowvevas saxelmwifos dazaralebulis Tanxmobis gareSe:
xarjze. Tu SeuZlebeli xdeba dazaralebulis gadaxdisu- _ daeTanxmos uars sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis an/da
unarobis damadasturebeli dokumentis miReba, gadaw- winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyvetaze,
yvetilebas dazaralebulisaTvis warmomadgenlis saxelm- _ prokuroris uars braldebaze an braldebis Secv-
wifos xarjze daniSvnis Sesaxeb iRebs procesis mwarmoebeli laze,
organo. _ uari Tqvas sarCelze,
amasTan, dazaralebulis warmomadgenlis daniSvnas ad- _ Seamciros sarCelis Tanxa,
gili aqvs mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, roca dazaralebuls ar _ mourigdes an Seurigdes braldebuls kerZo bralde-
mouwvevia warmomadgeneli. bis saqmeTa gamo,
warmomadgenlis uflebebi da movaleobebi: _ gaasaCivros ganaCeni da sxva Semajamebeli sasamarTlo
warmomadgeneli procesSi monawileobs dazaralebulis gadawyvetileba, an
paralelurad. igi ar enacvleba dazaralebuls da imavdrou- _ uari Tqvas maT gasaCivrebaze.
lad valdebulia sakuTari saproceso pozicia da warmo- gamonaklisia iseTi SemTxvevebi, rodesac warmomadgen-
madgenlobasTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebi SeuTanxmos loba xorcieledeba dazaralebulis nebisagan damoukide-
dazaralebuls. warmomadgeneli monawileobs procesSi blad savaldebulo warmomadgenlobis farglebSi.
dazaralebulTan erTad an misi davalebiT_ marto, garda dazaralebulis warmomadgenels ufleba aqvs procesis
im SemTxvevebisa, rodesac sssk iTvaliswinebs piradad mwarmoebel organos (Tanamdebobis pirs) mosTxovos dacvis
dazaralebulis savaldebulo monawileobas. RonisZiebaTa gatareba, Tu safrTxe emuqreba misi an misi
warmomadgeneli sargeblobs igive uflebebiT, rac axlo naTesavis:
dazaralebuli. gamonaklisia: _ sicocxles;
1. im uflebaTa kompleqsi, romlis ganxorcielebac _ janmrTelobas;
piradad dazaralebulTan aris dakavSirebuli_ magaliTad, _ sakuTrebas.
Cvenebis micema, ufleba ufaso iuridiul warmomadgen- dazaralebulis warmomadgenels ekisreba sssk 70-e
lobaze, ufleba Semajamebeli dokumentebis ufasod da muxlis pirveli nawiliT dazaralebulze dakisrebuli
misTvis gasageb enaze miRebaze, ufleba saqmis saWiroebi- movaleobebi. amasTan, warmomadgenels, arc erT SemTxvevaSi
saTvis droebiT CamorTmeuli misi kuTvnili qonebis dab- ara aqvs ufleba imoqmedos dazaralebulis interesebis
runebaze; ufleba iyolios warmomadgeneli. sazianod.
2. uflebebi, romelTa ganxorcieleba daiSveba mxolod dazaralebulis warmomadgeneli monawileobas ver mi-
dazaralebulTan SeTanxmebiT. iRebs sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebaSi, Tu:

232 233
a) igi winaT monawileobda imave saqmeSi, rogorc mosa- $5. eWvmitanilis samarTlebrivi statusi
marTle, prokurori, gamomZiebeli, sasamarTlo sxdomis
mdivani, mowme, eqsperti, specialisti, Tarjimani an dam- eWvmitanili sisxlis samarTlis procesis subieqtia,
swre; romelic saproceso-samarTlebriv urTierTobaSi Cndeba
b) mas naTesauri urTierToba aqvs mosamarTlesTan, winaswari gamoZiebis sawyis etapze. procesSi misi
prokurorTan, gamomZiebelTan an sasamarTlo sxdomis mdi- monawileoba lokalur xasiaTs atarebs, radgan eWvmitani-
vanTan, romelic monawileobda an monawileobs am saqmis lis saproceso mdgomareobaSi piri SeiZleba imyofebodes
gamoZiebasa Tu sasamarTlo ganxilvaSi, anda pirTan, romlis mxolod drois mcire monakveTis manZilze.
interesebic ewinaaRmdegeba procesis im monawilis inter- moqmedi saproceso kanonis Tanaxmad, piris eWvmitanilad
esebs da romelmac masTan dado SeTanxmeba iuridiuli cnoba xdeba dadgenilebis gamotaniT an dakavebis oqmis
daxmarebis gawevis Sesaxeb; SedgeniT.
g) mas ukavia mosamarTlis, prokuroris an gamomZieblis eWvmitanilad cnobis Sesaxeb dadgenileba gamoaqvs
Tanamdeboba, garda im SemTxvevisa, roca igi Sromisuunaro prokurors an gamomZiebels prokuroris TanxmobiT. aseTi
piris kanonieri warmomadgenelia, anda roca dawesebuleba, dadgenileba SeiZleba iyos gamotanili im SemTxvevaSi,
romelSic igi muSaobs, cnobilia samoqalaqo mosarCeled rodesac arsebobs safuZveli eWvisaTvis, anu arsebobs faq-
an samoqalaqo mopasuxed da is am dawesebulebis warmomad- tobrivi monacemebi, romlebic miuTiTeben piris mier dana-
genlad gamodis; Saulis Cadenis faqtze, magram es ar aris sakmarisi misT-
d) igi iuridiul daxmarebas uwevs an winaT uwevda vis braldebis wasayeneblad. cxadia, kanoni ar moiTxovs
pirs, romlis interesebic ewinaaRmdegeba mis mier dasa- sarwmunod iyos damtkicebuli piris monawileoba danaSau-
cavi braldebulis, eWvmitanilis, dazaralebulis, samo- lis CadenaSi. aseTi moTxovna ararealuri iqneboda gamoZie-
qalaqo mosarCelis an samoqalaqo mopasuxis interesebs, bis sawyis etapze, magram aucilebelia gamoZiebis organoebs
romlis warmomadgenelic is aris; gaaCndeT eWvis dasabuTebisaTvis saWiro mtkicebulebebi.
e) dasacavi piri (marwmunebeli) uars ambobs dacvaze danaSaulis CadenaSi eWvmitanili piris dakaveba Sei-
(warmomadgenlobaze) da uari miRebulia. Zleba ganxorcieldes saqarTvelos sssk 142-e muxliT
gaTvaliswinebuli safuZvlebis arsebobisas. dakavebisTanave
dauyovnebliv unda Sedges dakavebis oqmi policiis Tanam-
Sromlis an sxva kompetenturi Tanamdebobis piris mier.
amasTan, Tu dakavebis oqmis Sedgena dakavebisTanave SeuZle-
belia garkveuli obieqturi mizezebis gamo, igi unda
Sedges policiis dawesebulebaSi dakavebulis miyvanisTanave.
piris eWvmitanilad cnoba xdeba faqtobrivad dakavebis

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oqmiT da dakavebisas calke dadgenilebis gamotana piris gansazRvruli saproceso ufleba-movaleobebi. igi Tavisi
eWvmitanilad cnobis Sesaxeb saWiro ar aris. uflebebis realizacias axorcielebs braldebulis msgavsad.
kanonis Tanaxmad piris dakavebis Sesaxeb dauyovnebliv upirveles yovlisa, sssk 73-e muxlis Tanaxmad, eWvmitanils
unda ecnobos prokurors, romelic Tavis mxriv, uflebam- ufleba aqvs, icodes Tu romeli danaSaulis CadenaSi ar-
osilia gaecnos sisxlis samarTlis saqmis masalebs, dakave- sebobs mis mimarT eWvi. mocemuli uflebis uzrunvelsayofad
bulis dakiTxvisa da gamomZieblis dasabuTebis mosmenis dadgenilebaSi eWvmitanilad piris cnobis Sesaxeb unda iyos
gziT Seamowmos dakavebis kanoniereba da dasabuTebuloba, miTiTebuli eWvis safuZveli, xolo dakavebis oqmSi saval-
Sewyvitos sisxlissamarTlebrivi devna anda gamoZieba da debuloa aRiniSnos dakavebis safuZveli da motivebi,
gaaTavisuflos dakavebuli. agreTve danaSauli, romlis CadenaSicaa eWvmitanili piri.
aRsaniSnavia, rom braldebisagan gansxvavebiT eWvi oqms xels unda awerdes dakavebuli. amasTan, eWvmitanils
garkveuli specifikis matarebelia. kanonis Tanaxmad, dadge- eWvmitanilad cnobisTanave xelze unda gadaeces eWvmita-
nilebaSi braldebulis saxiT piris pasuxisgebaSi micemis nilad cnobis Sesaxeb dadgenilebis asli, xolo dakavebis
Sesaxeb braldeba unda iyos zustad formulirebuli, eWvis SemTxvevaSi dakavebis oqmis asli.
mimarT ki aseTi moTxovna ar arsebobs, radgan monacemebi eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs misces an ar misces Cveneba.
danaSaulis Camden savaraudo pirze am etapisaTvis sakma- am kuTxiT is sruliad gaTanabrebulia braldebulTan.
risi sisruliT jer kidev ar aris gamovlenili. amitom eWvmitanili ar SeiZleba mieces sisxlis samarTlis pasux-
saproceso dokumentebSi (dadgenilebaSi eWvmitanilad piris isgebaSi Cvenebis micemaze uaris TqmisaTvis (radgan mas aqvs
cnobis Sesaxeb da dakavebis oqmSi) eWvi ar SeiZleba ise dumilis ufleba, rac unda ganemartos dakavebisTanave) da
konkretulad iyos gamoxatuli, rogorc braldeba. arc winaswari SecnobiT cru Cvenebis micemisaTvis. eWvmi-
sssk 72-e muxlis Tanaxmad, Tu eWvmitanili dakaveb- tanils ufleba aqvs ar daibralos danaSauli. kanonis es
uli ar aris, mas unda waeyenos braldeba ara ugvianes moTxovna Seesabameba samoqalaqo da politikuri uflebe-
30 dRisa. am vadis gasvlis Semdeg, Tu mas braldeba ar bis Sesaxeb saerTaSoriso paqtis moTxovnebs.
waeyena, dadgenileba misi eWvmitanilad cnobis Sesaxeb eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs iyolios damcveli. amasTan
uqmdeba. Tu eWvmitanili dakavebulia dakavebis saerTo damcvelis mowvevis moTxovna unda dakmayofildes dakave-
vada ar unda aRematebodes 48 saaTs. eWvmitanils am vadis bisTanave, dauyovnebliv, axsna-ganmartebis micemamde, xolo
amowurvamde unda waeyenos braldeba. momdevno 24 saaTSi Tu es obieqturi mizezebis gamo ver xerxdeba, maqsimalurad
piri unda waredginos sasamarTlos, romelmac unda miiRos gonivrul droSi, raTa eWvmitanils mieces sakmarisi dro
gadawyvetileba mis mimarT aRkveTis RonisZiebis Sefarde- da saSualeba Tavis dasacavad. amasTan eWvmitanils ufleba
bis Taobaze, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi piri unda gaTavisu- aqvs moiTxovos damcvelis mowveva rogorc SeTanxmebiT,
fldes. aseve daniSvniT anazRaurebisagan srulad ganTavisuflebiT
eWvmitanils, rogorc procesis subieqts gaaCnia kanoniT sssk me-80 muxliT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi.

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eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs pirispir, calke Sexvdes dam- misi damcvelis SuamdgomlobiT Catarebul sagamoZiebo
cvels Sexvedrebis raodenobisa da xangrZlivobis SeuzRu- moqmedebebSi. Cxrekis, amoRebis da SemTxvevis adgilis daT-
davad. amasTan, kanoni iTvaliswinebs mocemuli uflebis valierebis dros moiwvios damswre (ara umetes orisa),
SezRudvasac. kerZod, gamoZiebis interesebidan gamomdinare xolo Tu man ar icis, an arasaTanadod icis sisxlis sa-
aRniSnuli ufleba SeiZleba SeizRudos gonivruli vadiT. marTlis procesis ena, ufasod isargeblos Tarjimnis
es SezRudva ganpirobebulia procesSi eWvmitanilis epi- momsaxurebiT.
zoduri da moklevadiani monawileobiT. eWvmitanili Tu eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs ganacxados Suamdgomlobebi.
isargeblebs damcvelTan pirispir Sexvedris SeuzRudavi Suamdgomloba SeiZleba iyos sxvadasxva saxis. kerZod, ama
uflebamosilebiT, faqtobrivad SeiZleba ise amoiwuros Tu im piris mowmis saxiT dakiTxvis Sesaxeb, mtkicebule-
misi eWvmitanilad yofnis vada, rom man ver SeZlos sxva bebis gamoTxovis Sesaxeb, mis mimarT sisxlissamarTlebri-
uflebebis realizacia. cxadia, es garemoeba xels SeuSlis vi devnis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb da a.S. cxadia, Suamdgomloba
aseve procesis mwarmoebeli organos Tanamdebobis pirs unda iyos dasabuTebuli, argumentirebuli. mas ufleba aqvs
eWvmitanilis mimarT sagamoZiebo da sxva saproceso moq- ganacxados acileba, waradginos mtkicebulebebi, romlebic
medebebis ganxorcielebaSi. amasTan, Tanamdebobis piris gamoricxaven mis monawileobas danaSaulis CadenaSi, an am-
TviTnebobis Tavidan asacileblad kanonmdeblis mier gaT- subuqeben mis pasuxismgeblobas. amasTan, Tu eWvmitanili
valiswinebulia aRniSnuli uflebis SezRudvis da gonivru- ver waradgens misi eWvis uarmyofel, gamabaTilebel an
li vadis dawesebis Taobaze gamoZiebis mwarmoebeli piris gamomricxav mtkicebulebebs, es garemoeba ar SeiZleba miC-
mier motivirebuli dadgenilebis gamotanis aucilebloba. neuli iyos eWvis dadasturebad, radgan udanaSaulobis
eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs dakavebisTanave an eWvmitanilad prezumfciidan gamomdinare eWvmitanili ar aris valdebuli
cnobis Sesaxeb dadgenilebis gamotanisTanave moiTxovos amtkicos Tavisi udanaSauloba. eWvisa da braldebis mt-
ufaso samedicino Semowmeba, aseve samedicino eqspertizis kicebis movaleoba akisria procesis mwarmoebel organos.
daniSvna misi janmrTelobis mdgomareobis Sesamowmeblad, eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs sssk 138-e muxlis Tanaxmad,
rac dauyovnebliv unda dakmayofildes winaaRmdeg SemTx- dakavebidan araugvianes 5 saaTSi, xolo Tu is arasrulw-
vevaSi eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs gaasaCivros eqspertizis lovania araugvianes 3 saaTisa Seatyobinos ojaxis wevrebs
daniSvnaze uari erTjeradad raionis (qalaqis) sasamarT- an naTesavebsa da axloblebs dakavebis Sesaxeb da dakave-
loSi gamoZiebis adgilis mixedviT. saCivari ganixileba misi bis adgili.
miRebidan 24 saaTSi, amasTan, mis mier miRebuli gadaw- eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs gaasaCivros gamomZieblis moq-
yvetileba ar saCivrdeba zemdgom instanciaSi. eWvmitanils medebebi da gadawyvetilebebi prokurorTan, prokurorisa _
xelze unda gadaeces samedicino Semowmebis Taobaze weri- zemdgom prokurorTan, aseve kanoniT dadgenil SemTxvevebSi
lobiTi daskvna, agreTve eqspertizis daskvna. _ sasamarTloSi. ufleba aqvs miiRos anazRaureba zianisaT-
eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs monawileoba miiRos misi an vis, romelic mas miadga ukanono dakavebis Sedegad.

238 239
eWvmitanils ufleba aqvs gamomZieblisagan miiRos amom- $6. braldebulis samarTlebrivi statusi
wuravi ganmarteba Tavisi uflebebisa da movaleobebis da ufleba-movaleobebi
Sesaxeb. eWvmitanilis mier Tavisi uflebebis gamouyen-
ebloba ar SeiZleba gagebuli an ganmartebuli iqnes misi braldebuli sisxlis samarTlis procesisi erT-erTi
danaSaulis damadasturebel mtkicebulebad. centraluri subieqtia. im qmedebaze, romelic mas bralad
kanonSi savaldebulo wesiT ar aris formulirebuli eracxeba warmoebs winaswari gamoZieba, sasamarTlo gamoZie-
eWvmitanilis dakiTxvis Taobaze, radgan dakavebuli eWvmi- ba da dgindeba ganaCeni.
tanilis dakiTxva procesis mwarmoebeli organos Tanamde- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
bobis piris uflebamosilebaa, rac ar migvaCnia sworad. mixedviT ,,braldebuli~ gvareobiTi cnebaa, masTan mimarTe-
eWvmitanilis dakiTxva saqmis garemoebebze da mis dakave- baSi terminebi ,,eWvmitanili~, ,,gansasjeli~, ,,msjavrdebu-
basTan dakavSirebul sakiTxebze unda warmoebdes dauy- li~ warmoadgenen saxeobiT cnebebs. braldebuls, romlis
ovnebliv, rac erTis mxriv, eWvmitanils miscems SesaZle- mimarTac arsebobs gonivruli eWvis safuZveli, rom man
blobas daicvas Tavi da uaryos eWvis safuZveli da meores Caidina danaSauli, magram amgvari eWvi ar aris sakmarisi
mxriv, procesis mwarmoebeli organos Tanamdebobis piri imisaTvis, rom piris mimarT wayenebul iqnes braldeba,
miiRebs informacias uSualod eWvmitanilisagan momxdari kanoni uwodebs eWvmitanils; braldebuls, romlis mi-
faqtis da am danaSaulSi misi monawileobis sakiTxebze. marTac mimdinareobs sasamarTlo ganxilva ewodeba gan-
uflebebTan erTad eWvmitanils akisria garkveuli sasjeli; braldebuls, romlis mimarTac gamotanilia
movaleobebi. kerZod, igi movalea gamocxaddes gamoZaxebi- gamamtyunebeli ganaCeni _ msjavdebuli, xolo gamamarTle-
sTanave procesis mwarmoebel organoSi; xeli ar SeuSalos beli ganaCenis gamotanis SemTxvevaSi ki gamarTlebuli.
WeSmaritebis dadgenas mtkicebulebaTa mospobiT, falsi- adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTadad TavisuflebaTa dacvis
fikaciiT, mowmeTa da dazaralebulTa SegulianebiT. xeli Sesaxeb evropuli konvenciis me-6 muxlis Tanaxmad, bral-
ar SeuSalos procesis mwarmoebel organos Semowmebis, debuli aris piri, romlis mimarTac ama Tu im formiT
eqspertizis, saeqsperto gamokvlevis, nimuSebis aRebis, xorcieldeba sisxlis samarTlebrivi devna _sabraldebo
eqspertizisaTvis samedicino dawesebulebaSi moTavsebis, saqmianoba. rogorc vxedavT, evropuli konvencia farTod
piradi Cxrekisa da sxva saproceso moqmedebebis Catarebis ganmartavs braldebulis cnebas da Slis sxvaobas eWvmita-
Sesaxeb gamotanil kanonier dadgenilebaTa Sesrulebas. nils, braldebulsa da gansasjels Soris.
saproceso movaleobaTa SeusruleblobisaTvis eWvmita- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
nilis mimarT gamoiyeneba sisxlis samarTlis saproceso 44-e muxlis 24-e punqtis Tanaxmad, braldebuli aris
iZulebis RonisZiebebi. sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemuli piri. sssk 75_
e muxlis mixedviT, braldebulad iTvleba piri, romlis
mimarTac gamotanilia gamomZieblis an prokuroris dadge-

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nileba misi braldebulad pasuxisgebaSi micemis Sesaxeb. sisxlis samarTalwarmoebis mTel manZilze braldebu-
piris braldebulad cnobis uflebamosileba gaaCnia li warmoadgens dacvis uflebis subieqts, Tumca misi
gamomZiebels prokuroris TanxmobiT da prokurors. amisT- saproceso mdgomareoba procesis sxvadasxva stadiebze erTi
vis maT unda gamoitanon dadgenileba braldebulis saxiT da igive ar aris.
sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis Sesaxeb. braldebulis saproceso statusis safuZvlebi ganmt-
braldebulad piris cnobisaTvis unda arsebobdes faq- kicebulia saqarTvelos konstituciaSi (m. 42-e), maTi
tobrivi da samarTlebrivi safuZveli. unda arsebobdes konkretizireba xdeba saproceso kodeqsSi. kanoni ara mx-
kanoniT dadgenili wesiT Sekrebili da Semowmebuli mt- olod CamoTvlis braldebulis uflebebs, aramed iTval-
kicebulebebis erToblioba, romlebiT miuTiTeben imaze, rom iswinebs maTi uzrunvelyofis saproceso saSualebebis
swored konkretuli piris mier aris Cadenili qmedeba, rTul meqanizms. ZiriTadi ufleba, romelic braldebuls
romelic Seicavs danaSaulis niSnebs. sssk 281 –e muxlis aqvs kanoniT miniWebuli da romelic gansazRvravs mis sap-
ZaliT braldebis wayenebis safuZvelia im mtkicebulebaTa roceso mdgomareobas es aris dacvis ufleba.
erToblioba, romlebic sakmarisia dasabuTebuli varaudis- braldebulis dacvis ufleba _ es aris sxvadasxva
aTvis, rom konkretulma pirma Caidina danaSauli. uflebebis kompleqsi, rac braldebuls gaaCnia procesis
udanaSaulobis prezumciis principidan gamomdinare yvela stadiaze da rac mas aZlevs SesaZleblobas uaryos
piris cnoba braldebulad jer kidev ar niSnavs mis dam- braldeba, daicvas Tavisi interesebi da Tavisi pozicia
naSaved gamocxadebas. braldebulis saxiT pasuxisgebaSi saqmeze. kanonSi CamoTvlili braldebulis yvela ufleba
micemis Semdeg SeiZleba dadgindes misi arabraleuloba da SeiZleba ganvixiloT rogorc ufro zogad kategoriaSi _
saqme am piris mimarT Sewydes; prokurorma SeiZleba sasa- dacvis uflebaSi Semavali.
marTloSi uari Tqvas braldebaze; SesaZlebelia sasamarT- braldebulis ufleba-movaleobebi gansazRvrulia sssk-
lom gamoitanos gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni. is 76-77 -e muxlebiT. braldebulad cnobisTanave dauy-
braldebulis saxiT pasuxisgebaSi micemis aqti iwvevs ovnebliv, aseve nebismieri dakiTxvis win, misTvis gasageb
saproceso Sedegebs. kerZod, braldebulisTvis cnobili enaze braldebuls unda ecnobos saqarTvelos sisxlis
xdeba Tu raSi edeba mas brali da Sesabamisad mas uCndeba samarTlis kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebuli romeli danaSaulis
garkveuli ufleba-movaleobebi; gamomZiebeli, prokurori CadenaSi edeba brali. braldebuls unda gadaeces bralde-
movaleni arian braldebuls ganumarton kanoniT gaTval- bulad cnobis dadgenilebis asli.
iswinebuli misi ufleba-movaleobebi da uzrunvelyon misi ufleba icodes raSi edeba brali – braldebulis
ganxorcielebis SesaZleblobebi, amasTan isini uflebam- uflebaTa Soris upirvelesia, radgan mis gareSe SeuZle-
osilni arian braldebulis mimarT gamoiyenon kanoniT belia sakuTari Tavis dacva. braldebulis saxiT pasuxis-
gaTvaliswinebuli sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi gebaSi micemis dadgenilebaSi miTiTebulia romeli dana-
iZulebis RonisZieba. Saulis CadenaSia piri braleuli da sisxlis samarTlis

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kodeqsis romeli norma iTvaliswinebs am danaSauls. damcvelis personaluri mowveva braldebulis pre-
braldebuls ufleba aqvs misces ganmarteba wardgenil rogativaa. amitom braldebuls ufleba aqvs uari Tqvas
braldebaze, misces Cveneba. wardgenili braldebis ganmarte- damcvelis momsaxurebaze da Tavi daicvas damoukideblad.
bas braldebuli iZleva dakiTxvis procesSi. Cvenebis mice- amasTan kanoni adgens damcvelis savaldebulo monawileo-
misas is gamoxatavs Tavis damokidebulebas wardgenili bis SemTxvevebs. aseTi SemTxvevebis arsebobisas braldebu-
braldebis mimarT (cnobs Tavs damnaSaved srulad, nawilo- lis uari damcvelze ar aris savaldebulo gamomZieblisaT-
briv cnobs, saerTod ar cnobs) da Sesabamisad mohyavs vis, prokurorisaTvis da sasamarTlosaTvis. braldebu-
mtkicebulebebi, romlebic adastureben an uaryofen bral- lisa da damcvelis urTierToba konfidencialuria da
debis Teziss. akrZalulia SezRudvebis daweseba. braldebuls ufleba
cxadia, Cvenebis micema braldebulisaTvis uflebaa da aqvs Sexvdes damcvels pirispir Sexvedrebis raodenobisa
ara movaleoba. mas unda ganemartos braldebulad cno- da xangrZlivobis miuxedavad.
bisTanave, rom ar aris movale amxilos Tavisi Tavi an kanonis Tanaxmad, braldebuls ufleba aqvs damoukide-
axlo naTesavi danaSaulis CadenaSi. braldebuli ar agebs blad, an damcvelis meSveobiT Caataros kerZo gamoZieba.
pasuxs Cvenebis micemaze uaris Tqmis an cru Cvenebis Tumca kanonSi ar aris konkretuli miTiTeba kerZo gamoZie-
micemisaTvis. bis Catarebis saproceso wesis Sesaxeb. kerZo gamoZiebis
Tu braldebuli CaTvlis, rom Tavis dacvis saukeTeso Catarebis erT-erT elementad SeiZleba CaiTvalos mtkice-
saSualebaa Cvenebis micemaze uaris Tqma, mas aqvs ufleba bulebebis mopoveba da wardgena. braldebulis mier mop-
isargeblos dumiliT da kiTxvebze pasuxis micemisagan Tavi ovebul mtkicebulebas braldebis mxaris mier mopovebuli
Seikavos. kanonis Tanaxmad, braldebuls unda ganemartos mtkicebulebis Tanabari Zala aqvs.
ufleba ar daibralos danaSauli da rom yvelaferi, rasac braldebuls ufleba aqvs gamoiTxovos mtkicebuleba
igi ityvis, SesaZlebelia gamoyenebul iqnes mis winaaRmdeg. nebismieri saxelmwifo dawesebulebidan, organizaciidan,
aRsaniSnavia, rom dumilis ufleba braldebuls SeuZlia komerciuli Tu sxva saxis kerZo dawesebulebidan, romel-
gamoiyenos samarTalwarmoebis mTel manZilze, amasTan ic saWiroa braldebis uarsayofad an pasuxismgeblobis
dumili ar SeiZleba iyos gamoyenebuli rogorc misi Sesamsubuqeblad. Tu braldebuls uZneldeba mtkicebuleb-
braleulobis damadasturebeli mtkicebuleba. is gamoTxova mas ufleba aqvs procesis mwarmoebel orga-
ufleba iyolios damcveli _ braldebulis erT-erTi nos mimarTos SuamdgomlobiT, raTa sagani, dokumenti,
ZiriTadi uflebaa. masala an sxva saxis faqtobrivi monacemi, romelsac saqmisT-
braldebuls aqvs damcvelis arCevisa da yolis, aseve vis mniSvneloba aqvs da braldebulis mimarT wardgenil
mis mier arCeuli damcvelis Secvlis ufleba nebismier braldebas aqarwylebs an amsubuqebs iyos gamoTxovili da
dros, xolo Tu is uqonelia_ufleba daeniSnos damcveli wardgenili gamoZiebis organoSi an sasamarTloSi.
saxelmwifos xarjze. braldebuls ufleba aqvs aRZras Suamdgomloba. bral-

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debulis mier gancxadebuli Suamdgomloba SeiZleba iyos obiT Catarebuli nebismieri sagamoZiebo moqmedebis dros.
sxvadasxvagvari. Suamdgomloba SeiZleba exebodes mtkice- es metad mniSvnelovani uflebaa, radgan samarTlebriv
bulebebis gamoTxovas, danaSaulis kvalifikaciis Secvlas, sakiTxze damcvelis konsultacia aucilebelia sagamoZiebo
aRkveTis RonisZiebis gauqmebas an Secvlas, saqmis warmoe- moqmedebis msvlelobisas. braldebulis aqtiurobis mocu-
bis Sewyvetas, sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebas da a.S. lobas swored aseTi rCeva_darigebebi gansazRvravs.
braldebuls ufleba aqvs Suamdgomloba aRZras rogorc kanonis Tanaxmad braldebuls droulad unda Seatyobi-
winaswari gamoZiebisas, aseve sasamarTloSi. Tu Sumadgom- non misi an misi damcvelis SuamdgomlobiT Catarebuli
lobaSi miTiTebuli garemoebebi saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis sagamoZiebo moqmedebis dro da adgili. winaaRmdeg SemTx-
mqonea, Suadgomloba unda dakmayofildes. Suamdgomlobis vevaSi aseTi moqmedeba ar unda Catardes, xolo Catarebu-
dakmayofilebaze sruli an nawilobrivi uari unda iyos li sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Sedegad mopovebuli mtkiceb-
asaxuli gamomZieblis an mosamarTlis motivirebul dadge- uleba dauSveblad unda iqnes cnobili. kanonis moTxovna,
nilebaSi da sasamarTlos ganCinebaSi. Suamdgomlobis dak- cxadia, samarTliania, radgan sagamoZiebo moqmedeba tar-
mayofilebis Sesaxeb ecnobeba braldebuls, romelsac deba ara gamomZieblis iniciativiT, aramed braldebulis an
ufleba aqvs gaasaCivros aRniSnuli gadawyvetileba. winas- misi damcvelis SuamdgomlobiT da maTi daswreba da
wari gamoZiebis dros dayenebuli Suamdgomlobis dakmay- monawileoba amitomac aris savaldebulo. Tu braldebuls
ofilebis Sesaxeb uari, braldebuls ar arTmevs uflebas sapatio mizezi gaaCnia aRniSnuli sagamoZiebo moqmedebis
imave saxis Suamdgomloba kvlav daayenos saqmis warmoebis Catareba SeiZleba gadaidos. aRsaniSnavia, rom Tu bralde-
momdevno etapebze. braldebuls ufleba aqvs moiTxovos buli dapatimrebulia aseT moqmedebebs eswreba misi dam-
sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catareba, monawileoba miiRos misi cveli da ara TviTon braldebuli, rac mis uflebebis
an misi damcvelis SuamdgomlobiT Catarebul sagamoZiebo erTgvar SezRudvad SeiZleba iyos miCneuli. rac Seexeba
moqmedebaSi. gamoZiebis Sevsebis mizniT dacvis mtkiceb- damcvels, Tu damcveli sapatio mizeziT ver iRebs
ulebis mopovebisaTvis braldebuls ufleba aqvs moiTxovos monawileobas misi an braldebulis SuamdgomlobiT Catare-
calkeuli sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catareba, rac savaldebu- bul sagamoZiebo moqmedebaSi prokurori am sagamoZiebo
loa gamomZieblisaTvis. sagamoZiebo moqmedebaSi monawileo- moqmedebas erTjeradad gadadebs gonivruli vadiT, magram
ba ar gulisxmobs braldebulis ubralo daswrebas dakiTx- ara umetes xuTi dRisa. am vadis gasvlisTanave gamomZiebeli
vis, amocnobis, daTvalierebis da sxva moqmedebaTa Catare- atarebs sagamoZiebo moqmedebas damcvelis monawileobis
bisas. braldebuls ufleba aqvs SekiTxvebi dausvas dasakiTx gareSe. amasTan Tu aris savaldebulo dacvis safuZveli,
pirebs, gamomZieblis yuradReba miapyros iseT garemoebebze, sagamoZiebo moqmedeba ar SeiZleba Catardes damcvelis
romlebic misi bralis uaryofis an braldebis Semamsub- monawileobis gareSe.
uqebeli safuZveli SeiZleba gaxdes. amasTan braldebuls braldebuls ufleba aqvs damoukideblad an damcvelT-
ufleba aqvs moiTxovos damcvelis daswreba misi monawile- an erTad kanoniT dadgenil farglebSi da wesiT gaecnos

246 247
braldebis mtkicebulebebs. aRniSnuli uflebis real- aucilebeli samedicino Semowmeba Catardes moTxovnisTanave
izaciis gareSe warmoudgenelia braldebisagan Tavis dacva. droulad, gaWianurebis gareSe da braldebuls mieces Se-
braldebuls unda hqondes sruli warmodgena saqmeSi ar- sabamisi werilobiTi daskvna. amasTan braldebuls kanoni
sebul mtkicebulebebze, romlebic adastureben mis mimarT aZlevs uflebas mimarTos alternatiul eqspertizas da
wardgenil braldebas, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi is ver daicavs nebismier dros sakuTari xarjiT Caitaros samedicino
Tavs, ver SearCevs dacvis pozicias da ver daupirispird- Semowmeba mis mier arCeuli eqspertis mier. Tumca aRniS-
eba braldebas. aRniSnuli uflebis ganxorcielebis garan- nuli uflebis realizacia mainc gamomZieblis keTilsindi-
tias warmoadgens braldebulis kidev erTi ufleba – miiRos sierebazea damokidebuli, radgan Tu braldebuli dapatim-
mtkicebulebebisa da saqmis masalebis aslebi. kerZod, rebulia, man unda mimarTos SuamdgomlobiT gamomZiebels,
braldebuls unda gadaeces braldebulad cnobis dadge- raTa mis mier arCeuli eqsperti iyos mowveuli da mas
nilebis asli, sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa oqmebis aslebi, mieces SesaZlebloba praqtikulad Caataros samedicino
romlebic Catarda braldebulis monawileobiT, eqspertizis Semowmeba.
daniSvnis Sesaxeb dadgenilebis asli, sisxlis samarT- umjobesi iyo kanonSi yofiliyo miTiTebuli qmediTi
lebrivi devnis anda winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyvetis Ses- samarTlebrivi meqanizmi, rac iqneboda aRniSnuli uflebis
axeb dadgenilebis asli, ganaCenis asli da a.S. ganxorcielebis garantia.
Tu braldebuli Tavs aridebs sagamoZiebo organoSi braldebuls ufleba aqvs dapatimrebis Tanave Seatyobi-
gamocxadebas braldebulad cnobis dadgenilebis asli ga- nos ojaxis wevrebs an axlo naTesavebs dapatimrebis Ses-
daecema mis damcvels, rac iTvleba braldebis wayenebad. axeb, Seatyobinos misi adgilsamyofeli, Tavisi mdgomareoba.
braldebuls ufleba aqvs moiTxovos da miiRos mis Setyobineba SeiZleba ganxorcieldes uSualod satelefono
mimarT ukanonod Catarebuli saproceso moqmedebis Sedegad saubris Sedegad, werilis gagzavniT, faqsiT, imeiliT da
miyenebuli zianis anazRaureba. kavSirgabmulobis sxva teqnikuri saSualebis gamoyenebiT.
braldebuls ufleba aqvs moiTxovos samedicino Semow- braldebuls kanoni aZlevs uflebas ojaxis wevrebis garda
meba uSualod dapatimrebisTanave usafuZvlo gaWianurebis Tavisi samarTlebrivi mdgomareobis Sesaxeb acnobos kredi-
gareSe, rac imas niSnavs, rom aRniSnuli uflebis real- torebs, sxva fizikur da iuridiul pirebs, romelTa mi-
izacia dauSvebelia gawelili iyos droSi. Tu braldebulis marTac mas gaaCnia samarTlebrivi valdebulebebi.
mimarT dapatimrebis momentSi gamoyenebuli iyo fizikuri Tu braldebulma ar icis an saTanadod ar icis samar-
Zaladoba, cxadia, Zaladobis niSnebi ufro mkafiod gamov- Talwarmoebis ena, mas ufleba aqvs daicvas Tavisi kanonieri
lindeba dauyovnebliv samedicino Semowmebisas. garkveuli interesebi, misces Cveneba, ganacxados Suamdgomloba da a.S.
drois gasvlis Semdeg ki (Tu fizikuri Zaladoba mZime Tavis mSobliur enaze, an im enaze, romelic man ukeTesad
formiT ar iyo ganxorcielebuli) SesaZlebelia Zaladobis icis. aseT SemTxvevaSi mas saxelmwifos xarjze gamoeyofa
kvali gaqres an misi niSnebi gauferuldes, amitom aris Tarjimani.

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braldebuls ufleba aqvs isargeblos Tarjimnis mom- robebSi rogorSic braldebis mtkicebulebis gamokvleva
saxurebiT im SemTxvevaSic, roca mas gaaCnia fizikuri na- xdeba, aRZras Suamdgomloba, gamoTqvas Tavisi azri sasa-
kli, magaliTad, aris munji an yru, rac aZnelebs an saer- marTlo sxdomaze wamoWril sakiTxebze, gamovides sasa-
Tod gamoricxavs masTan komunikacias. saproceso dokumen- marTlo kamaTSi, (Tu saqmeSi ar monawileobs damcveli),
tebis aslebi, rac braldebuls gadaecema unda iyos Targ- gamovides saboloo sityviT, icnobdes mxaris Setanil sa-
mnili mis mSobliur enaze, an im enaze, romelic man uke- Civars da mis Sesaxeb gamoTqvas mosazreba, gaecnos sasa-
Tesad icis. marTlo sxdomis oqms da gamoTqvas masze SeniSvna.
braldebuls ufleba aqvs ganacxados acileba procesis braldebuls ufleba aqvs gaasaCivros gamomZieblisa da
mwarmoebeli organos Tanamdebobis pirebis_prokuroris, prokuroris moqmedeba da gadawyvetileba. kerZod, gamomZie-
gamomZieblis, mosamarTlis mimarT, aseve procesis sxva blis moqmedeba saCivrdeba prokurorTan, romelic gamoZie-
subieqtebis (magaliTad, eqsperti, specialisti, Tarjimani) baze saproceso xelmZRvanelobas axorcielebs, xolo
mimarT. kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli acilebis safuZvlis prokuroris moqmedeba da gadawyvetileba ki zemdgom proku-
arsebobisas braldebulis mier gancxadebuli acileba unda rorTan, an kanoniT dadgenil SemTxvevebSi _ sasamarT-
dakmayofildes da dasaxelebuli pirebi unda iyvnen loSi. braldebuls aseve ufleba aqvs gaasaCivros ganaCeni
Camocilebuli saqmis warmoebas. da sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetileba saapelacio da sakasa-
braldebulis mimarT aRkveTis RonisZiebis saxiT patim- cio wesiT da miiRos gasaCivrebeli gadawyvetilebis
roba SeiZleba iyos gamoyenebuli mxolod kanonieri safuZ- asli.
vlis arsebobisas, anu Tu arsebobs misi mimalvis, mis mier sssk 76-e muxlSi CamoTvlili braldebulis uflebebi
danaSaulebrivi saqmianobis gagrZelebis, mowmeTa mimarT ar aris amomwuravi. kanoniT mas aqvs miniWebuli sxva
zemoqmedebis, mtkicebulebaTa ganadgurebis an ganaCenis uflebebic. ufro srulad es uflebebi gamoikveTeba sssk
aRsrulebisaTvis xelis SeSlis safrTxe. winaaRmdeg SemTx- im normebis analizisas romlebic aregulireben sisxlis
vevaSi unda iyos gamoyenebuli ufro msubuqi saxis aRkve- samarTlis procesis calkeul stadiebsa da institutebs.
Tis RonisZieba, rac ar aris dakavSirebuli Tavisuflebis magaliTad, braldebuls winaswari gamoZiebis etapze ufle-
aRkveTasTan Tu SezRudvasTan. ba aqvs uari ganacxados saqmis Sewyvetaze aramareabili-
braldebuls ufleba aqvs monawileoba miiRos misi tirebeli safuZvlebiT; ufleba aqvs moiTxovos braldebis
braldebis saqmis rogorc gamoZiebaSi, aseve sasamarTlo wardgenis Semdeg dauyovnebliv daikiTxos; ufleba aqvs
ganxilvaSi. mxareTa Tanasworobisa da SejibrebiTobis prin- sakuTari xeliT daweros Cveneba. braldebuls farTo
cipis Tanaxmad, braldebuls sasamarTloSi ufleba aqvs uflebebi gaaCnia eqspertizis daniSvnasTan da CatarebasTan
misces Cveneba, ganacxados acileba, waradginos mtkiceb- dakavSirebiT. kerZod, braldebuls ufleba aqvs gaecnos
ulebebi, monawileoba miiRos mtkicebulebaTa gamokvlevaSi, dadgenilebas eqspertizis daniSvnis Sesaxeb, moiTxovos
moiTxovos dacvis mtkicebulebebis gamokvleva imave pi- eqspertizis Catareba mis mier dasaxelebul pirTagan,

250 251
eqpertis winaSe dasvas damatebiTi kiTxvebi, gaecnos eqsper- bulebaTa gamokvlevas sWirdeba. mTel rig qveynebSi es vada
tis daskvnas da a.S. amasTan braldebulis mier Tavisi mkacrad aris SezRuduli kanoniT.
uflebebis gamouyenebloba ar SeiZleba Sefasdes misi saerTaSoriso samarTlebrivi aqtebiT (evropuli kon-
braleulobis damadasturebel mtkicebulebad. vencia) braldebuls ufleba aqvs moiTxovos mis winaaRmdeg
adamianis ZiriTad uflebaTa da TavisuflebaTa dacvis Cvenebis mimcemi mowmeebis dakiTxva da es mowmeebi unda
Sesaxeb 1950 wlis 4 noembris konvenciis me-6 muxli kan- iyvnen dakiTxulni misi TandaswrebiT. es ufleba igive
onSi CamoTvlili braldebulis uflebebis garda adgens dapirispirebis moTxovnis uflebaa, rac mWidrod aris
mis sxva uflebebs samarTliani sasamarTlo ganxilvis dakavSirebuli mtkicebulebaTa uSualo gamokvlevis prin-
farglebSi, rac unda iyos daculi saqarTvelos sisxlis cipTan. nebismier mxares, maT Soris dacvis mxares unda
samarTalwarmoebaSi Sida kanonmdeblobasTan saerTaSoriso SeeZlos daados ,,veto~ sasamarTloSi gamoucxadebeli
samarTlis normebis prioritetis principis gaTval- mowmis an dazaralebulis Cvenebis oqmis gamocxadebas,
iswinebiT. kerZod, aRniSnuli konvenciis Tanaxmad, bral- romlebic amis Sedegad faqtiurad dauSvebel mtkicebule-
debuls aqvs ufleba misi saqme iyos ganxiluli damoukide- bebad iqcevian. amis Sedegad aucilebeli gaxdeba dasaxele-
beli da miukerZoebeli sasamarTlos mier gonivrul va- buli pirebis mier zepiri Cvenebis micema uSualod sasa-
daSi. marTlo sxdomaze jvaredini dakiTxvis pirobebSi.
saerTaSoriso paqti samoqalaqo da politikuri ufle- braldebuls ufleba aqvs moiTxovos dacvis mowmeebis
bebis Sesaxeb (1966w. 16 dekemberi) aseve adgens, rom gamoZaxeba iseTive pirobebSi, rogori pirobebic arsebobs
yovel adamians ufleba aqvs ,,sruli Tanasworobis safuZ- im mowmeebisaTvis, romlebic Cvenebas iZlevian mis winaaRm-
velze... iyos gasamarTlebuli gaumarTlebeli dayovnebis deg.
gareSe~ (m. 14, p. 4) cxadia, braldebuls uflebebTan erTad gaaCnia mova-
1988 wlis 9dekembers gaeros generaluri asambleis leobebic. kerZod, sssk77-e muxlis Tanaxmad braldebuli
mier miRebuli saerTaSoriso principebis krebuli yvela movalea gamocxaddes gamoZaxebisTanave gamomZiebelTan,
im pirTa dacvisaTvis, romlebic eqvemdebarebian dakavebas… prokurorTan, sasamarTloSi, xeli ar SeuSalos WeSmar-
an dapatimrebas miuTiTebs sasamarTloSi gonivrul vadaSi itebis dadgenas mtkicebulebaTa mospobiT, falsifikaciiT,
saqmis ganxilvis aucileblobaze. procesis xangrZlivi, mowmeTa da dazaralebulTa SegulianebiT, daicvas aRkveTis
gaumarTlebeli gaWianureba marTlmsajulebaze uaris Tqmis RonisZiebiT misTvis dadgenili moTxovnebi, ar SeewinaRm-
tolfasia. degos Semowmebis, eqspertizis, saeqsperto gamokvlevisaT-
marTlmsajuleba unda iyos swrafi, qmediTi. dayovneba vis nimuSebis aRebis, piradi Cxrekis da sxva saproceso
ki aris marTlmsajulebaze uaris Tqmis saxe. gonivrul moqmedebis Catarebis Sesaxeb gamotanil kanonier dadge-
vadad iTvleba vada logikuri, mizanSewonili. logikuri nilebaTa Sesrulebas. sasamarTlo sxdomaze ar daarRvios
da mizanSewonilia drois iseTi Sualedi, romelic mtkice- wesrigi. am movaleobaTa Seusruleblobis SemTxvevaSi

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braldebulis mimarT SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iyos sapro- saqmeSi monawileobisaTvis dasaSvebad damcvelma unda war-
ceso iZulebis Sesabamisi RonisZieba. adginos advokatTa asociaciis, firmis, biuros orderi da
ufleba _ movaleobaTa moculoba cxadyofs, rom bral- saadvokato saqmianobis damadasturebeli mowmoba.
debuli warmoadgens sisxlis samarTlis procesis aqtiur dacva es aris sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis sawinaaRm-
monawiles. misi mniSvneloba procesSi amiT ar amoiwureba. dego funqcia. SejibrebiTobis principis realizacia moiTx-
mis mier micemuli Cveneba warmoadgens mtkicebulebis wy- ovs damcvelis monawileobas sisxlis samarTlis procesSi.
aros. braldebuli procesis is subieqtia, romlis irgvliv braldebisa da dacvis mosazrebebisa da daskvnebis urT-
mimdinareobs samarTalwarmoeba, anu is warmoadgens samar- ierTdapirispireba iZleva SesaZleblobas Tavi avaridoT
Talwarmoebis epicentrs. sabraldebo gadaxras saqmis warmoebisas da xels uwyobs
saqmis sworad gadawyvetas.
kanoni iTvaliswinebs dacvis Semdeg saxeebs: dacva SeT-
$7. damcvelis samarTlebrivi statusi nxmebiT, dacva daniSvniT da iZulebiTi dacva.
da ufleba-movaleobebi dacva SeTanxmebiT gulisxmobs braldebulis an misi
TanxmobiT misi kanonieri warmomadgenlis mier damcvelis
damcveli sisxlis samarTlis procesis subieqtia,
mowvevas. damcvelis SerCevis ufleba braldebulis Seucv-
romelic axorcielebs sisxlis samarTlis procesis erT-
leli uflebaa. kanonis Tanaxmad gamomZiebels, prokurors
erT ZiriTad mimarTulebas _ dacvis funqcias. igi kanoniT
da mosamarTles ufleba ara aqvT rekomendacia gauwion
dadgenili wesiT monawileobs saqmeSi braldebulis ufle-
konkretul damcvels. braldebuli da damcveli TavianT
bebisa da kanonieri interesebis dasacavad da misTvis iu-
urTierTobebs awesrigeben SeTanxmebis safuZvelze. SeTanx-
ridiuli daxmarebis aRmosaCenad.
mebis pirobebic, cxadia, ganisazRvreba mxareTa mier. SeT-
kanoniT ganmtkicebulia advokatTa monopolia damcvelis
anxmebis xelmoweris Semdeg dacva miRebulad iTvleba da
saxiT miiRon monawileoba sisxlis samarTlis saqmis war-
damcvels ufleba ara aqvs uari Tqvas masze arasapatio
moebaSi.
mizeziT.
advokatTa Sesaxeb saqarTvelos kanonis me-10 muxlis
dacva daniSvniT gulisxmobs damcvelis momsaxurebis
Tanaxmad advokati SeiZleba iyos fizikuri piri, romelsac
uzrunvelyofas saxelmwifos xarjze. braldebuli unda
aqvs umaRlesi iuriduli ganaTleba, gavlili aqvs advoka-
iyos uzrunvelyofili damcveliT yvela SemTxvevaSi, roca
tTa testireba kanoniT dadgenili wesiT, dadebuli aqvs
is ganacxadebs amis Sesaxeb Suamdgomlobas. damcvelis
advokatis fici, aqvs iuristad an advokatis staJiorad
daniSvnaze uaris Tqma ganixileba rogorc saproceso kanonis
moSaobis aranakleb erTi wlis Sromis staJi.
arsebiTi darRveva. saxelmwifos xarjze dacva xorcield-
damcveli saqmeSi daiSveba eWvmitanilis dakavebis an
eba or SemTxvevaSi: a) braldebuli gadaxdis uunarobis
braldebulad cnobis momentidan. sisxlis samarTlis
motiviT moiTxovs damcvelis daniSvnas; b) arsebobs kanoniT

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gaTvaliswinebuli savaldebulo dacvis SemTxveva da ar damcveli daeniSneba savaldebulo wesiT); Tu procesis
monawileobs damcveli SeTanxmebiT. monawilis mimarT gamoyenebulia dacvis specialuri
gadaxdisuunarobis motiviT TviT braldebuli an misi RonisZieba (garda fizikuri dacvis specialuri RonisZie-
SuamdgomlobiT prokurori da mosamarTle mimarTaven iu- bisa) Tu eWvmitanilTa, braldebulTa an gansasjelTa in-
ridiuli daxmarebis Sesabamis samsaxurs saxelmwifos teresebs Soris aris winaaRmdegoba da Tundac erT maTgans
xarjze damcvelis daniSvnis Sesaxeb moTxovniT. gadaxdis yavs damcveli; dazaralebulis an samoqalaqo mosarCelis
uunarobis SemTxvevaSi saxelmwifo amasTan erTad gaiRebs interesebs icavs misi warmomadgeneli.
dacvisaTvis saWiro sxva xarjebsac, Tu es xarjebi pirda- kanoni adgens ra damcvelis savaldebulo monawileobis
pir kavSirSia braldebulis mier sakuTari dacvis ganxor- SemTxvevebs uzrunvelyofs dacvis uflebas damatebiTi
cielebasTan. magaliTad, xarjebi, romlebic saWiroa samedi- garantiebiT im pirebisaTvis, romlebsac yvelaze metad es
cino Semowmebisa da eqspertizisaTvis. saxelmwifos xarjze sWirdebaT. garda amisa, damcvelis savaldebulo monawileo-
damcvelis SerCevisa da daniSvnis procedura unda ganisaz- ba gaTvaliswinebulia sasamarTlo sxdomaze braldebisa da
Rvros saqarTvelos kanoniT ,,iuridiuli daxmarebis Ses- dacvis gawonasworebis mizniT. Tu kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul
axeb.~ SemTxvevebSi saqmeze warmoeba ganxorcielda damcvelis
rac Seexeba savaldebulo dacvas, kanonSi pirdapir aris monawileobis gareSe – es faqti ganixileba rogorc sisx-
CamoTvlili is SemTxvevebi, roca miuxedavad braldebulis lis samarTlis saproceso kanonis arsebiTi darRveva.
survilisa damcveli aucileblad unda monawileobdes eWvmitanils da braldebuls eZlevaT dro damcvelis
saqmeSi. kerZod, sssk 81-e muxlis Tanaxmad, savaldebuloa mosawvevad. kerZod eWvmitanils SeuZlia dakavebidan 6
braldebuls, an pirs, romelsac eniSneba samedicino xasi- saaTis vadaSi moiwvios damcveli. Tu igi am vadaSi ver
aTis iZulebiTi RonisZieba hyavdes damcveli: Tu igi aras- gamocxaddeba gamomZiebeli valdebulia SesTavazos eWvmi-
rulwlovania; ar icis procesis ena; aqvs fizikuri an tanils damcvelis daniSvna. eWvmitanils an braldebuls
fsiqikuri nakli, rac xels uSlis mis mier dacvis ganx- ufleba aqvT uari ganacxadon damcvelis daniSvnaze da maT
orcilebas; ganixileba sakiTxi piris mimarT stacionaruli mier arCeuli damcvelis gamocxadebamde dacva damoukide-
sasamarTlo-fsiqiatriuli eqspertizis daniSvnis Sesaxeb blad ganaxorcielon. xolo Tu savaldebulo dacvis
Cadenili qmedebisaTvis sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsiT gaT- SemTxvevaa gamomZiebeli valdebulia 6 saaTiani vadis gas-
valiswinebulia pasuxismgebloba uvado Tavisuflebis vlis Semdeg dauniSnos maT damcveli. gamomZieblis, proku-
aRkveTis saxiT; masTan mimdinareobs molaparakeba sapro- roris, sasamarTlos moTxovna damcvelis daniSvniT
ceso SeTanxmebis dadebis Taobaze; braldebuli Tavs aridebs gamoyofis Sesaxeb savaldebuloa advokatTa gaerTianebi-
sagamoZiebo organoSi gamocxadebas (am SemTxvevaSi mas an saTvis. kanonis Tanaxmad damcveli valdebulia gamocxaddes
mis axlo naTesavs eZleva SesaZlebloba 48 saaTSi daniSnos eWvmitanilis, braldebulis pirvel dakiTxvaze. arasapatio
damcveli. Tu igi am vadSi ar daniSnavs damcvels, pirs mizeziT damcvelis gamoucxadeblbis SemTxvevaSi materi-

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aluri pasuxismgebloba daekisreba konkretul advokats an marebaze. amasTan unda ganvasxvavoT uari konkretuli dam-
advokatTa gaerTianebas. cvelis daxmarebaze da uari saerTod damcvelis daxmare-
damcvelTa raodenoba kanoniT SezRuduli ar aris. (adre baze. pirvel SemTxvevaSi uari konkretuli damcvelis
moqmed kodeqsSi iyo aseTi SezRudva _ braldebuls SeiZle- daxmarebaze gamoiwvevs damcvelis Secvlas, saerTod uari
boda yoloda araumetes sami damcvelisa). damcvelze ki iwvevs dacvis uflebis damoukideblad, TviT
kanoniT gaTvaliswinebulia damcvelis Secvla samar- braldebulis mier ganxorcilebas.
Talwarmoebis nebismier etapze, Tu Secvla miznad ar uari damcvelis daxmarebaze daiSveba mxolod bralde-
isaxavs saqmis warmoebis gaWianurebas. bulis iniciativiT rogorc zepiri, aseve werilobiTi
rac Seexeba damcvelis gamoucxadeblobas, Tu igi sapa- formiT. uari fiqsirdeba sisxlis samarTlis saqmis masa-
tio mizeziT monawileobas ver iRebs daniSnul sagamoZie- lebSi. kerZod, saTanado sagamoZiebo moqmedebis oqmSi an
bo moqmedebaSi, procesis mwarmoebeli organo valdebulia calke gancxadebaSi.
sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catareba gadados gonivruli vadiT, roca sasamarTloSi keTdeba aseTi gancxadeba, sasamarT-
magram ara umetes 5 dRisa. am vadis gasvlisTanave gamomZie- lom unda moisminos sasamarTlo ganxilvis sxva monawile-
beli, prokurori atarebs sagamoZiebo moqmedebas damcvelis Ta mosazreba. saproceso kanonis darRvevad iTvleba, Tuki
monawileobis gareSe Tu ar arsebobs kanoniT dadgenili am sakiTxis ganxilva ar moxdeba sasamarTlo sxdomaze.
savaldebulo dacvis safuZveli. Tu gadaudebeli saga- damcvelze uari nebayoflobiT unda iyos. kanonis dar-
moZiebo moqmedeba tardeba damcvelis gamoucxadebloba ar Rvevad iTvleba zewoliT, iZulebiT gancxadebuli uari
iwvevs misi Catarebis gadadebas. damcvelze. amasTan braldebuli movalea ganmartos dam-
kanoniT dauSvebelia sasamarTlo ganxilvis gadadeba cvelze uaris Tqmis mizezebi.
damcvelis mier dacvis movaleobis ganxorcielebis xangr- damcvelze uaris Tqmis motivi SeiZleba iyos zogadad
Zlivi vadiT SeuZleblobis SemTxvevaSi, Tu es iwvevs sasa- dacvis institutisadmi undobloba, survili TviTon da-
marTlo ganxilvis aragonivrul gaWianurebasa da misTvis icvas sakuTari Tavi, damcvelis momsaxurebisTvis saWiro
xelis SeSlas. aseve damcvelis Secvlis motiviT sasa- Tanxis ar qona da a.S. am ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi bralde-
marTlo ganxilvis gadadeba dauSvebelia Tu igi miznad buls procesis mwarmoebeli organos Tanamdebobis pirebma
isaxavs sasamarTlo ganxilvis gaWianurebasa da misTvis unda ganumarton mas saxelmwifos xarjze damcvelis daniSv-
xelis SeSlas.1 nis ufleba.
braldebuls ufleba aqvs uari Tqvas damcvelis dax- kanoni calke iTvaliswinebs damcvelis acilebis sakiTxs.
1 migvaCnia, rom kanonis es moTxovna ar aris marTebuli, radgan Tu bralde-
kerZod, sssk 107-e muxlis Tanaxmad damcveli monawileobas
buli erTjeradad Suamdgomlobs damcvelis Secvlis da Sesabamisad, sasamarTlo ver miiRebs sisxlis samarTlis procesSi Tu igi imave
ganxilvis gadadebis Sesaxeb, ar SeiZleba sasamarTlo ganxilvis gaWianurebis da saqmeSi monawileobda rogorc mosamarTle, prokurori,
misTvis xelis SeSlis motiviT uari eTqvas mas sasamarTlo ganxilvis gadadeba-
ze. gaWianurebad unda CaiTvalos msgavsi Suamdgomlobis araerTgzis dayeneba.
gamomZiebeli, sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivani, mowme, eqsperti

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an Tarjimani; an Tu igi iuridiul daxmarebas uwevs an debulis miTiTebebisa da interesebis sawinaaRmdegod. misi
uwevda im pirs, romlis interesebsac ewinaaRmdegeba mis pozicia SeiZleba gansxvavdebodes dasacavis poziciisagan,
mier dasacavi braldebulis interesebi. mas naTesauri kav- Tu mis mier SerCeuli dacvis mimarTuleba braldebulis
Siri aqvs mosamarTlesTan, prokurorTan, gamomZiebelTan, mdgomareobas gaaumjobesebs. magram damcvels ufleba ar
an sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivanTan; mas ukavia mosamarTlis, aqvs mciredi xarisxiTac ki gaauaresos dasacavis mdgo-
prokuroris an gamomZieblis Tanamdeboba, garda im SemTx- mareoba. sxvagvarad dacvis ufleba dakargavda azrs.
vevisa roca igi Sromisuunaro piris kanoneri warmomad- damcvelis saqmianoba sisxlis samarTlis procesSi aris
genelia, anda roca dawesebuleba, romelSic igi muSaobs calmxrivi. mas ar evaleba saqmis garemoebebis yovelmxrivi,
cnobilia samoqalaqo mosarCeled an samoqalaqo mopasuxed srulyofili, obieqturi gamokvleva. misi movaleobaa bral-
da is am dawesebulebis warmomadgenlad gamodis; dasacavi debulis kanonieri interesebis dacva. damcveli sisxlis
piri uars ambobs dacvaze da uari miRebulia. samarTlis procesSi asrulebs sisxlis samarTlebrivi
damcvelis mizani sisxlis samarTlis procesSi mdgo- devnis sawinaaRmdego funqcias. misi saqmianobis ZiriTadi
mareobs SemdegSi: 1) gamoavlinos braldebulis gamamarTle- mimarTuleba braldebis uaryofaa. braldebulis mier bra-
beli an misi pasuxismgeblobis Semamsubuqebeli garemoe- lis uaryofis SemTxvevaSi damcvels ufleba ara aqvs
bebi: 2) aRmouCinos mas aucilebeli iuridiuli daxmareba gamovides sawinaaRmdeo poziciidan. sxvagvarad braldebuli
da miaRwios misTvis ufro sasurveli saproceso gadaw- darCeba dacvis gareSe.
yvetilebis miRebas mocemul saqmeze. am miznis realizaci- damcveli umravles SemTxvevaSi moqmedebs ara bralde-
isaTvis damcvelis amocanas wrmoadgens: Tavis dasacavTan bulis magivrad, aramed masTan erTad. is damoukideblad
erTad dacvis poziciis an dacvis gegmis SemuSaveba, dacvis arCevs saproceso saSualebebs da dacvis ganxorcielebis
saSualebebisa da xerxebis gansazRvra. amasTan kanonis Ta- taqtikas. amasTan braldebulis nebazea damokidebuli ara
naxmad im garmoebaTa gamosavlenad, romlebic amarTleben mxolod damcvelis SerCeva da misi monawileoba, aramed am
braldebuls anda amsubuqeben mis pasuxismgeblobas dam- ukanasknelis mier SerCeuli dacvis saSualebebis realiza-
cvelma unda gamoiyenos dacvis yvela kanonieri saSualeba ciac.
da xerxi. sisxlis samarTlis procesSi damcvelis saqmianobis
marTalia, damcveli procesis damoukidebeli subieqtia, Tavisebureba mdgomareobs imaSi, rom mas SeuZlia dasacav-
magram igi dakavSirebulia braldebulTan, warmoadgens mis isgan miiRos iseTi informacia, romelsac is arcerT SemTx-
saproceso interesebs, amitom mis saproceso damoukide- vevaSi aravis ar etyoda. damcveli movalea Seinaxos saad-
blobas aqvs gansazRvruli sazRvrebi: damcveli Tavisufalia vokato saidumloeba. braldebulis urTierToba mis dam-
kanonis farglebSi _ dacvis ganxorcielebis formebisa da cvelTan konfidencialuri da Tavisufalia. konfidencial-
meTodebis SerCevaSi, samarTlebrivi sakiTxebis Sefasebasa uria aseve piris braldebulad cnobamde misi urTierToba
da gadawyvetaSi. damcvels ufleba ara aqvs imoqmedos bral- SesaZlo damcvelTan. amasTan konfidencialurobaze ar vr-

260 261
celdeba xandazmuloba. yvela dakiTxvaSi. sxva sagamoZiebo moqmedebebSi damcveli
xelZmRvanelobs ra kanoniT da profesiuli eTikis monawileobs mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, roca is an misi dasa-
normebiT, damcveli yovelTvis movalea imoqmedos dasa- cavi ganacxadeben Suamdgomlobas amis Sesaxeb. damcvels,
cavis interesebSi, romelic misTvis unda iyos yvela in- romelic monawileobs sagamoZiebo moqmedebaSi ufleba aqvs
teresebze maRla. ,,ar avno~ – es aris damcvelis saqmiano- Tavis dasacavs gamomZieblis TandaswrebiT misces mcire
bis ZiriTadi eTikuri sawyisi. konsultacia, gamomZieblis nebarTviT dausvas SekiTxvebi
damcvelis samarTlebriv poziciasTan dakavSirebiT dasakiTx pirs, gaakeTos werilobiTi SeniSvnebi sagamoZie-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi ar SeiZleba gamomZiebelma, bo moqmedebis oqmSi Canaweris sisworesa da sisruleze.
prokurorma an sasamarTlom Sesabamisad gamoitanon gamomZiebels ufleba aqvs ganaridos damcvelis SekiTxvebi,
wardgineba an ganCineba. magram movalea ganridebuli (moxsnili) SekiTxvebi Seita-
gaeros me-8 konferenciaze 1990 wlis agvistoSi miRe- nos oqmSi.
bul ,,advokatTa rolis Sesaxeb ZiriTadi debulebebis~ me-6 garda amisa, sagamoZiebo moqmedebaSi monawileobisas
paragrafSi aRniSnulia, rom advokati ar SeiZleba identi- damcvels ufleba aqvs: daTvalierebis, Cxrekis da amoRe-
ficirebuli iyos mis klientTan da mis saqmesTan. bis Catarebisas moiTxovos yvela aRmoCenili da amoRebuli
kanonSi (sssk 84-e muxli) konkretulad aris CamoTv- sagnis, dokumentis, nivTis wardgena; gaecnos eqspertizis
lili damcvelis ufleba – movaleobani. daniSvnis Sesaxeb dadgenilebas da iSuamdgomlos masSi
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze daSvebis momentidan damcv- damatebiTi SekiTxvebis Setana, ganacxados acileba eqsper-
els ufleba aqvs braldebuls Sexvdes pirispir marto da tis mimarT an iSuamdgomlos eqspertizis Catareba sxva
raime meTvalyureobis gareSe, agreTve Tavisuflebis Sez- saeqsperto dawesebulebaSi da a.S.
Rudvis an Tavisuflebis aRkveTis adgilis administracii- damcvels ufleba aqvs gaecnos dakavebis oqms, bralde-
sa da gamoZiebis organos mxriv Sexvedris raodenobisa da bulad cnobis dadgenilebas, dadgenilebas aRkveTis
xangrZlivobis SeuzRudavad, garda sssk 73-e, muxlis I RonisZiebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb, sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa
nawilis `d~ qvepunqtiT gaTvaliswinebuli SemTxvevisa. oqmebs, romlebic Catarda eWvmitanilisa da braldebulis
damcvels ufleba aqvs daeswos braldebis wayenebas. monawileobiT, yvela im dokuments, romelic braldebuls
daswreba ar gulisxmobs pasiur mdgomareobaSi yofnas. warudgines an unda warudginon. winaswari gamoZiebis
damcvels ufleba aqvs gaecnos braldebulad cnobis Ses- damTavrebis Semdeg ufleba aqvs sakuTari xarjiT gadaiRos
axeb dadgenilebas, gadaiRos misi asli, ganumartos dasacavs sisxlis samarTlis saqmis mTeli masalis asli, sasamarT-
braldebis arsi, masTan erTad ganixilos samarTlebrivi loSi ki gaecnos saqmis masalebs srulad. amasTan, damcve-
pozicia, romelic unda daikavos braldebulma wardgenili lis mier winaswari gamoZiebis damTavrebis Semdeg saqmis
braldebis gaTvaliswinebiT. masalebis srulad gacnobis da winaswari gamoZiebis Sevse-
damcvels ufleba aqvs monawileoba miiRos braldebulis bis mizniT Suamdgomlobis aRZvris akrZalva dacvis ufleb-

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is SezRudvas warmoadgens. vis dacvis taqtikuri mosazrebidan gamomdinare. mas amis
damcvels ufleba aqvs moipovos da waradginos mtkice- sruli ufleba aqvs. Suamdgomloba SeiZleba exebodes mt-
bulebebi. mtkicebulebaTa mopoveba ZiriTadad xorcield- kicebulebaTa gamoTxovas, sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa Catarebas,
eba, im sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa Sedegad, romlebic misi sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis da winaswari gamoZiebis
Suamdgomlobis safuZvelze iqna Catarebuli. sssk 129-e Sewyvetas da a.S. cxadia, damcvelis Suamdgomloba unda
muxlis Tanaxmad, damcvels ufleba aqvs Seagrovos bral- iyos dasabuTebuli, argumentirebuli, utyuar mtkicebule-
debulis uflebebisa da kanonieri interesebis dacvisaTvis bebze damyarebuli. saeWvo da bundovani mosazrebebi, aral-
saWiro cnobebi; gamoiTxovos cnoba, daxasiaTeba da sxva ogikuri, iuridiulad dausabuTebeli daskvnebi, cxadia,
dokumenti saxelmwifo an kerZo dawesebulebidan, moiZios gamoiwvevs Suamdgomlobis dakmayofilebaze uaris miRe-
piri, da misgan miiRos ganmarteba, SemdegSi ki moiTxovos bas.
misi dakiTxva dacvis mowmis saxiT, mimarTos specialists damcvels ufleba aqvs gaasaCivros gamomZieblisa da
specialur sakiTxebze konsultaciis gasawevad raTa man prokuroris ukanono moqmedeba da maT mier miRebuli
gamoTqvas Tavisi azri saqmis gamo wamoWrili specialuri ukanono gadawyvetileba.
sakiTxis gansamartavad, Catarebuli eqspertizis Sesafase- sasamarTloSi damcveli sargeblobs mxaris uflebiT.
blad da Suamdgomlobis dasasabuTeblad, moiwvios eqsper- mas ufleba aqvs gaecnos saqmis masalebs, monawileoba mi-
ti werilobiTi daskvnis Sesadgenad; isargeblos kerZo iRos saqmis ganxilvaSi, mtkicebulebaTa gamokvlevaSi,
deteqtivis momsaxurebiT mtkicebulebis mniSvnelobis mqone gamoTqvas Tavisi Sexeduleba yvela im sakiTxze, rac wam-
cnobebis misaRebad. literaturaSi gamoTqmulia mosazreba, oiWreba sasamarTlo sxdomis msvlelobisas.
rom damcvelis mier mopovebuli masalebi, Sekrebili damcvelma Sefaseba unda misces saqmeSi arebul mtkice-
cnobebi, maSinaTve unda warmoadgendnen mtkicebulebebs, bulebebs, gaakeTos gancxadebebi mtkicebulebaTa Sesaxebo-
iseve rogorc is cnobebi, romlebic mopovebulia mowi- bis, dasaSvebobis, sarwmunoobis da sakmarisobis Taobaze.
naaRmdege mxaris _ gamomZieblis, prokuroris mier. kanonis gamoTqvas Tavisi mosazreba braldebis Sesaxeb da miuTiTos
Tanaxmad ki damcvelis mier Sekrebili faqtobrivi monace- faqtebze, romlebic amtkiceben gansasjelis arabraleu-
mebi unda daerTos saqmes da amis Semdeg iTvleba mtkice- lobas, aqarwyleben wardgenil braldebas. damcveli unda
bulebad. cxadia, adgili aqvs mxareTa Tanasworobis prin- gamodiodes udanaSaulobis prezumfciis principidan da
cipis darRvevis erTgvar gamovlinebas. yvelaferi unda gaakeTos sisxlis samrTlis procesSi misi
damcvels ufleba aqvs kanoniT dadgenili wesiT ganacx- relizaciisaTvis.
ados acileba saTanado safuZvlebis arsebobisas. ufleba damcvels ufleba aqvs gamovides sasamarTlo kamaTSi
aqvs aRZras Suamdgomloba. amasTan erTad, unda iTqvas, rom da warmoTqvas dacviTi sityva. gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelova-
kanonis darRvevas ar warmoadgens, roca damcveli gadadebs nia damcvelis mtkicebulebaTa iuridiuli analiziTa da
Suamdgomlobis aRZvras saqmis warmoebis Semdgomi etapisaT- sinTeziT gajerebuli, mWevrmetyvelebiTa da logikuri

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wyobiT gamorCeuli, dasabuTebuli da argumentirebuli $8. samoqalaqo mosarCele da misi
gamosvla. mas ufleba aqvs aseve Seitanos saapelacio da warmomadgeneli
sakasacio saCivari msjavrdebulis TanxmobiT, garda im
SemTxvevisa, roca msjavrdebuli arasrulwlovania, an aqvs saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmde-
fizikuri an fsiqikuri nakli. blobis Tanaxmad, sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebisas
damcvels ufleba ara aqvs gaaxmauros winaswari gamoZie- SesaZlebelia samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgena.
bis monacemebi, risTvisac mas werilobiT CamoerTmeva xe- samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgenisaTvis aucilebelia
lwerili. damcveli ar SeiZleba daikiTxos mowmis saxiT garkveuli winapirobebis arseboba. kerZod, unda hqondes
im garemoebebze, rac misTvis cnobili gaxda dacvis fun- adgili danaSaulis faqts; piris mimarT miyenebuli ziani
qciis ganxorcielebasTan dakavSirebiT. unda warmoadgendes Cadenili danaSaulis uSualo Sedegs.
uflebebTan erTad kanoniT damcvels dakisrebuli aqvs samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgenis ufleba aqvs fizikur
garkveuli movaleobebi. damcveli movalea gamoiyenos dacvis da iuridiul pirs, aseve prokurors.
yvela kanonieri saSualeba da xerxi im garemoebebis gamosav- fizikur pirs warmoadgens dazaralebuli, romelsac
lenad, romlebic amarTleben braldebuls an amsubuqeben danaSaulis an im piris marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis Sed-
mis pasuxismgeblobas; damcvels ufleba ara aqvs uari Tq- egad, romlis mimarTac warmoebs saqme samedicino xasiaTis
vas ukve miRebul dacvaze, ekavos dasacavis sawinaaRmdego iZulebiTi RonisZiebis gamosayeneblad, uSualod miadga
pozicia (garda TviTgaTqmis SemTxvevisa), dasacavis Tanx- ziani, xolo Tu igi gardaicvala samoqalaqo sarCelis
mobis gareSe gaaxmauros cnobebi, rac misTvis cnobili wardgenis ufleba gadadis gardacvlilis memkvidreebze.
gaxda iuridiuli daxmarebis gawevasTan dakavSirebiT, mov- fizikur pirs SeiZleba miadges qonebrivi, fizikuri
alea daicvas saadvokato saidumloeba. damcveli movalea da moraluri ziani. qonebrivi zianis anazRaureba moxde-
Tavisi moqmedebiT ar gaauaresos braldebulis mdgomareo- ba sruli moculobiT, kerZod, anazRaurebas eqvemdebareba
ba; movalea droulad gamocxaddes sagamoZiebo da sxva rogorc pirdapiri uSualo ziani, aseve anacdeni sargebeli
saproceso moqmedebaSi monawileobis misaRebad, daemorCi- saSualo-sabazro fasebiT indeqsaciis gaTvaliswinebiT,
los gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis kanonier fizikuri zianis anazRaureba moicavs mkurnalobis, pro-
gankargulebas, daicvas wesrigi sasamarTlo sxdomis dar- Tezirebis, medikamentebis SeZenaze gaweuli xarjebis
bazSi. damcveli movalea ar gamoiyenos dacvis ukanono da anazRaurebas, gadaxdili sadazRvevo Tanxebis, daxmarebis
zneobrivad gaumarTlebeli meTodebi da xerxebi, radgan da pensiis kompensaciis anazRaurebas, dakrZalvaze gad-
profesiuli dacva gulisxmobs procesualurad dasaSvebi axdili Tanxebis anazRaurebas. saqarTvelos sssk 30-e
da zneobrivad gamarTlebuli saSualebebis gamoyenebas. muxlis me-5 nawilis Tanaxmad, moraluri ziani moicavs
dasaxiCrebis, damaxinjebis, biologiuri da fsiqologiuri
funqciebis moSlisa da daqveiTebisaTvis, agreTve sxva

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saxis zianis gamo miyenebul gancdebs, moralur travmas, da sxv. gamo).
rac anazRaurebas eqvemdebareba rogorc fuladi, aseve prokurori valdebulia mxari dauWiros samoqalaqo
sxva saxis qonebrivi gamoxatulebiT (magaliTad, sacx- sarCels sasamarTloSi Tu man waradgina aRniSnuli sarCeli,
ovrebeli binis, agarakis, avtomanqanis sakuTrebaSi gad- magram Tu sarCeli wardgenilia sxva uflebamosili sub-
acema da a.S.). ieqtis mier, prokurors ufleba aqvs mxari dauWiros
danaSaulis Sedegad miyenebuli moraluri zianisaTvis samoqalaqo sarCels an gamoTqvas misi sawinaaRmdego mosaz-
fuladi kompensaciis odenoba ganisazRvreba sasamarTlos reba.
mier zianis simZimisa da braldebulis qonebrivi mdgo- amasTan erTad, prokurorma SeiZleba sarCeli waradgi-
mareobis gaTvaliswinebiT. nos ara mxolod samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoebis wesiT,
kanonis Tanaxmad, fizikurma pirma samoqalaqo sarCeli aramed administraciuli samarTalwarmoebis wesiTac Tana-
SeiZleba ganacxados rogorc werilobiT, aseve zepiri mdebobis piris qonebis CamorTmevisa da saxelmwifosaTvis
formiTac, rac werilobiT unda iyos dafiqsirebuli, ker- gadacemasTan dakavSirebiT. aRniSnuli sarCelis wardgena,
Zod, saTanado oqmSi unda moxdes misi Setana. cxadia, dakavSirebulia sisxlis samarTlis procesTan.
rogorc ukve aRiniSna, samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgenis saqarTvelos sssk 37-e muxlis Tanaxmad, sarCelis
ufleba aqvs iuridiul pirsac, xolo misi reorganizaci- aRZvris safuZvels warmoadgens prokuroris safuZvliani
is an likvidaciis SemTxvevaSi iuridiuli piris an orga- eWvi, rom braldebuli Tanamdebobis piris mflobelobaSi
nizaciis uflebamonacvles. iuridiul pirs ufleba aqvs arsebuli qoneba SesaZlebelia iyos mopovebuli samoxeleo
moiTxovos mxolod qonebrivi da moraluri zianis anaz- an samewarmeo an sxva organizaciaSi samsaxuris interese-
Raureba. fizikuri pirisagan gansxvavebiT iuridiuli piri bis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli danaSaulis, ukanono Semosavlis
valdebulia samoqalaqo sarCeli werilobiT waradginos. legalizaciis, gamoZalvis, miTvisebisa an gaflangvis, gad-
rac Seexeba prokurors, igi valdebulia waradginos asaxadisagan Tavis aridebis an sabaJo wesebis darRvevis
samoqalaqo sarCeli im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac danaSaulis an Sedegad. kanoni amomwuravad CamoTvlis im danaSaulebs,
piris marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis Sedegad, romlis mi- romelTa Cadenis SemTxvevaSi prokurori aris uflebam-
marTac warmoebs sisxlis samarTlis saqme, ziani miadga osili braldebuli Tanamdebobis piris qonebis CamorTme-
saxelmwifos. amasTan erTad, kanoni prokurors aniWebs vasa da saxelmwifosaTvis gadacemasTan dakavSirebiT
diskreciul uflebamosilebas waradginos samoqalaqo sar- Seitanos sarCeli. braldebuli Tanamdebobis piri ki Sei-
Celi dazaralebulis TxovniT, Tu dazaralebuli moklebu- Zleba iyos `sajaro samsaxurSi interesTa SeuTavseblo-
lia SesaZleblobas hyavdes advokat-warmomadgeneli da bisa da korufciis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos kanonis me-2 mux-
daicvas Tavisi interesebi braldebulze damokidebulebis, liT gaTvaliswinebuli Tanamdebobis piri, sajaro moxele,
avadmyofobis, arasrulwlovanebis Tu sxva mizezebiT sajaro samarTlis iuridiuli piris xelmZRvaneli an misi
(magaliTad, SezRuduli qmeduunarobis, umweo mdgomareobis moadgile an sawarmoSi, romelSic saxelmwifo flobs wils

268 269
(aqciaTa) 50%-s an 50%-ze mets, xelmZRvanelobiTi anda analogiur uzustobas Seicavs sssk 32-e muxlic, romel-
warmomadgenlobiTi uflebamosilebis mqone piri. aRsaniS- ic awesrigebs procesis mwarmoebeli organos Tanamdebobis
navia, rom prokuroris sarCeli SeiZleba exebodes rogorc pirTa mier samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgenis uflebis gan-
braldebuli Tanamdebobis piris mflobelobaSi arsebuli martebis sakiTxs. Tu sisxlis samarTlis saqmis masalebi-
ukanono an dausabuTebeli qonebis, agreTve, am qonebidan dan irkveva, rom pirs aqvs samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgenis
miRebuli Semosavlebis, aqciebis (wilis) CamorTmevasa da ufleba gamomZiebels, prokurors da mosamarTles kanoni
saxelmwifosaTvis gadacemis sakiTxebs. amasTan mniSvneloba avaldebulebs werilobiT Seatyobinon da ganumarton mas
ara aqvs braldebuli Tanamdebobis piri ganTavisuflebulia am uflebis Taobaze. Tumca, rogorc ukve aRiniSna, sasa-
Tanamdebobidan Tu kvlav ganagrZobs saqmianobas. aseTi sar- marTlo ver Seatyobinebs da ver ganumartavs am uflebas
Celis arsebobisas sasamarTlo uflebamosilia saqme ganix- uflebamosil pirs im ubralo mizezis gamo, rom sasamarT-
ilos da Sesabamisad gadawyvetileba gamoitanos sisxlis los ara aqvs ufleba miiRos samoqalaqo sarCeli, Tu igi
samarTlis saqmis arsebiTad ganxilvisagan damoukide- winaswar gamoZiebaSi ar iyo wardgenili1.
blad. kanonis Tanaxmad, samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgenis xe-
unda aRiniSnos, rom samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgenasTan lisSemSlel garemoebas ar warmoadgens braldebulis
dakavSirebiT saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso daudgenloba. sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis SeCerebis SemTx-
kodeqsi Seicavs erTgvarad winaaRmdegobriv debulebas, vevaSi, Tu braldebuli miimala, misi adgilsamyofeli
kerZod, sssk 33-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, Tu ucnobia an pasuxisgebaSi misacemi piri daudgenelia, sar-
pirs miaCnia, rom ziani miadga im piris danaSaulis an sxva Celi zianis anazRaurebis Sesaxeb SeiZleba waredginos
marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis Sedegad, romlis mimarTac saxelmwifos, oRond ara sisxlis samarTlis procesSi,
warmoebs saqme samedicino xasiaTis iZulebiTi RonisZiebis aramed mxolod samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoebis wesiT.
gamosayeneblad, mas ufleba aqvs waradginos samoqalaqo saproceso kanonmdeblobis Sesabamisad, samoqalaqo sar-
sarCeli sisxlis samarTlis procesis nebismier stadiaze Celze gadawyvetileba mxolod erTxel SeiZleba iyos
sabraldebo daskvnis an samedicino xasiaTis iZulebiTi miRebuli an sisxlis samarTlis procesSi, an samoqalaqo
RonisZiebis gamoyenebis Taobaze dadgenilebis Sedgenamde. samarTalwarmoebis wesiT. kerZod, Tu pirs sisxlis samar-
aRniSnuli norma moiTxovs dazustebas. migvaCnia, rom Tlis saqmis ganxilvisas ar warudgenia samoqalaqo sarCeli,
sicxadisaTvis amoRebuli unda iyos sityvebi _ `sisxlis an waradgina, magram igi ganuxilvelad iqna datovebuli,
samarTlis procesis nebismier stadiaze~, radgan sabral- mas ufleba aqvs waradginos igi samoqalaqo samarTalwar-
debo daskvnis an samedicino xasiaTis iZulebiTi RonisZie- moebis wesiT. Tavis mxriv, Tu samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoe-
bis gamoyenebis Taobaze dadgenilebis Sedgena warmoebs bis wesiT wardgenil sarCelze mosarCelem uari miiRo, es
winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze da Sesabamisad, samoqalaqo
sarCelic unda iyos wardgenili mxolod am stadiaze. 1 msgavs uzustobas Seicavs sssk 35-36-e muxlebic.

270 271
garemoeba mas arTmevs uflebas ganmeorebiT waradginos rac Seexeba sarCelis cnobas, morigebas, sarCelze uars
igive sarCeli sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze. _ es sakiTxebi regulirdeba samoqalaqo saproceso kanon-
aRsaniSnavia, rom samoqalaqo sarCeli sisxlis samarT- mdeblobiT dadgenili wesiT, magram am SemTxvevaSic unda
lis saqmeze saxelmwifo baJiT ar ibegreba. iyos daculi moTxovnebi sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze mt-
samoqalaqo mosarCeled piris cnoba xdeba procesis kicebis sagnis yvela elementis dadgenis Sesaxeb. samoqalaqo
mwarmoebeli organos mier dadgenilebis gamotaniT. dadge- sarCelis ganxilvisas SesaZlebelia gamoyenebuli iyos ara
nilebis asli gadaecema mosarCeles da mas ganemarteba mxolod samoqalaqo, aramed Sromis da sxva kanonmdebloban,
kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli misi ufleba-movaleobebi. kerZod, roca sakiTxi exeba zianis anazRaurebis safuZvels,
Tu piri cnobilia dazaralebulad da Semdeg waradgens pirobas, moculobasa da wess.
igi samoqalaqo sarCels gamomZiebels, prokurors gamoaqvT samoqalaqo mosarCeled cnobis momentidan piri xdeba
dadgenileba dazaralebulis samoqalaqo mosarCeled cnobis sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawile. am momentidan igi
Sesaxeb, xolo Tu igi dazaralebulad ar aris cnobili, iZens saproceso statuss da kanoniT dadgenil farTo
maSin SesaZlebelia erTi dadgenileba iyos gamotanili uflebebs sarCelis mxardasaWerad. procesis mwarmoebeli
piris dazaralebulad da samoqalaqo mosarCeled cnobis organo da Tanamdebobis pirebi movaleni arian ara mxolod
Sesaxeb an cal-calke iyos gamotanili dadgenilebebi Se- ganumarton samoqalaqo mosarCeles Tavisi uflebebi, aramed
sabamisad dazaralebulad da samoqalaqo mosarCeled cno- uzrunvelyon igi maTi realizaciis SesaZleblobiT proce-
bis Sesaxeb. sis yvela stadiaze. sssk 86-e muxlis Tanaxmad, samoqalaqo
samoqalaqo sarCelis wardgenisaTvis dadgenili sapro- mosarCeles ufleba aqvs moiTxovos Tavisi uflebebis gan-
ceso wesis darRvevis SemTxvevaSi, gamomZiebels, prokurors marteba, icodes braldebis arsi, iyolios warmomadgeneli,
gamoaqvT dadgenileba piris samoqalaqo mosarCeled cnoba- waradginos mtkicebulebebi, ganacxados acileba da Suam-
ze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb. aseT SemTxvevaSi pirs unda gane- dgomloba, moiTxovos sarCelis uzrunvelsayofad zomebis
martos aRniSnuli dadgenilebis gasaCivrebis wesi. miReba, monawileoba miiRos sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catare-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvisas warmodgenili baSi, romelic exeba sarCelis safuZvelsa da Tanxas,
samoqalaqo sarCelis safuZvlis mtkiceba da fasis gansaz- moiTxovos oqmSi Seitanon sarCelis damadasturebeli mo-
Rvra warmoebs sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblo- nacemebi, gaasaCivros gamomZieblis, prokuroris moqmede-
biT dadgenili wesiT. Tumca samoqalaqo saproceso kanon- bebi da aqtebi, ar gadaixados saxelmwifo baJi, moiTxovos
mdeblobis Sesabamisi normebic gamoiyeneba, Tu ar aris procesis mwarmoebel organoSi gamoZaxebis Sedegad gaweu-
mowesrigebuli sisxlis saproceso kanonmdeblobiT samo- li xarjebis anazRaureba, gaecnos saqmis masalebs, gadaiRos
qalaqo sarCelTan dakavSirebuli saproceso urTierTobebi aslebi da saqmidan amoiweros cnobebi samoqalaqo sarCelis
da es normebi ar ewinaaRmdegeba sisxlis saproceso samar- nawilSi rogorc sabraldebo daskvniT saqmis sasamarT-
Tlis principeebs. loSi gagzavnis Semdeg, aseve sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis

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anda gamoZiebis Sewyvetisas, misces ganmarteba wardgenili lis samarTlebrivi devnis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb ganCinebiT
sarCelis gamo, iyos dakiTxuli mowmis saxiT, isargeblos (dadgenilebiT) sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis xandazmu-
mxaris yvela uflebiT sasamarTloSi, gamovides sasamarT- lobis vadis gasvlis gamo, amnistiis aqtis gamocemis gamo,
lo kamaTSi, gaasaCivros ganaCeni da sxva Semajamebeli viTarebis Secvlis Sedegad qmedebis saSiSroebis ararse-
sasamarTlo gadawyvetileba im nawilSi, romelic exeba bobis gamo, saqarTvelos prezidentis mier msjavrdebulis
sarCelis safuZvelsa da Tanxas, daicvas Tavisi interesebi Sewyalebis gamo, braldebulis gardacvalebis gamo.
saapelacio da sakasacio instanciebis sasamarTloebSi, sssk 41-e muxlis meore nawilis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlo
gaecnos sasamarTlos sxdomis oqms da gamoTqvas masze valdebulia uaryos sarCeli sssk 28-e muxlis pirveli
SeniSvnebi, gamoTqvas sawinaaRmdego mosazrebebi procesis nawilis `a~, `b~, `g~, `d~, `i~, `k~ da `m~ qvepunqtebSi da
sxva monawileTa saCivrebze, uari Tqvas sarCelze, dados me-2 nawilis `a~, `m~ qvepunqtebSi aRniSnuli safuZvliT
morigeba samoqalaqo mopasuxesTan. sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis unda winaswari gamoZiiebis
unda aRiniSnos, rom samoqalaqo sarCelze uaris Tqma Sewyvetisas (kerZod, ssk-iT gaTvaliswinebuli qmedebis
dasaSvebia procesis nebismier stadiaze. sarCelze uaris ararsebobis gamo; qmedebis marTlwinaaRmdegobis ararsebo-
Tqma iwvevs samoqalaqo sarCelis gamo warmoebis Sewyvetas. bis gamo; axali kanoniT qmedebis danaSaulebriobis gauqme-
aseT SemTxvevaSi samoqalaqo mosarCeles erTmeva SesaZle- bis gamo; im kanonis arakonstituciurad cnobis gamo,
bloba ganmeorebiT warudginos sarCeli imave pirs da imave romelsac emyareba braldeba; imave braldebis gamo kanoni-
safuZvliT Seitanos igi rogorc sisxlis, ise samoqalaqo er ZalaSi Sesuli ganaCenis arsebobis gamo; imave bral-
samarTalwarmoebis wesiT. debiT sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnis Sewyvetis Taobaze
samoqalaqo sarCelze uaris Tqmis samarTlebriv Sede- sasamarTlos ganCinebis arsebobis gamo; sisxlis samarT-
gebze gamomZiebelma, prokurorma, mosamarTlem (sasamarT- lebrivi devnisa da winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb
lom) unda miscen ganmarteba samoqalaqo mosarCeles, sasamarTlos, prokuroris dadgenilebis (ganCinebis) arse-
Seadginon oqmi an saTanado aRniSvna Seitanon Sesabamis bobis gamo; prokuroris, dazaralebulis mier braldebaze
sagamoZiebo oqmSi. samoqalaqo sarCelze uaris miRebis uaris Tqmis gamo sssk-iT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevaSi;
Sesaxeb procesis mwarmoebel organos gamoaqvs ganCineba piris im asakisaTvis miuRwevlobis gamo, romlidanac
(dadgenileba). dgeba sisxlis samarTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba; ssk 36-e
samoqalaqo sarCeli sasamarTlom SeiZleba daakmayofi- muxliT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevaSi (Secdoma) arsebobis
los mTlianad an nawilobriv an saerTod uaryos. samo- gamo; ssk 37-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli SemTxvevis (br-
qalaqo sarCelis bedi wydeba ganaCeniT an saqmeze miRebuli Zanebis an gankargulebis Sesruleba) arsebobis gamo; ssk
sxva Semajamebeli gadawyvetilebiT, kerZod, samedicino 38-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli SemTxvevis (sisxlis sa-
xasiaTis iZulebiTi RonisZiebis gamoyenebis an mis gamoyen- marTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobisagan ganTavisufleba sxva
ebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb ganCinebiT (dadgenilebiT), sisx- arabraleuli qmedebis dros) arsebobis gamo; sssk 75-e

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muxlis me-4 nawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli danaSaulis erTi SemTxvevaSi samoqalaqo mosarCelis warmomadgenlis
da imave SemTxvevasTan dakavSirebiT piris braldebulad monawileoba procesSi savaldebuloa miuxedavad misi sur-
sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis araumetes 12 vilisa. kerZod, advokat-warmomadgenlis monawileoba
Tviani vadis gasvlis gamo. savaldebuloa Tu samoqalaqo mosarCele arasrulwlovania,
sasamarTlo valdebulia ar ganixilos samoqalaqo sar- qmeduunaroa, SezRudulqmedunariania, janmrTelobis mdgo-
Celi sssk 28-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `z~ da `T~ qve- mareobis gamo ar SeuZlia daicvas Tavisi interesebi,
punqtebSi aRniSnuli safuZvlebiT sisxlis samarTlebrivi dazaralebulia ssk 443 1-e muxliT (adamianiT vaWroba-
devnis anda winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyvetisas. kerZod, trefikingi), 143 2-e muxliT (arasrulwlovaniT vaWroba-
dazaralebulis saCivris ararsebobis gamo _ kerZo sajaro trefikingi), gaTvaliswinebuli danaSaulis Cadenis Sedegad.
da kerZo braldebis saqmeebze; dazaralebulis braldebul- samoqalaqo mosarCelis interesebi SeiZleba daicvas misma
Tan Serigebis gamo kerZo braldebis saqmeze; dazaralebu- kanonierma warmomadgenelmac.
lis braldebulTan Serigebis gamo ssk 69-e, da 89 1-e samoqalaqo mosarCelis warmomadgenels aqvs samoqalaqo
muxlebiT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi, agreTve Tu samo- mosarCelis yvela saproceso ufleba sssk 86-e muxlis `a~,
qalaqao mosarCele an misi warmomadgeneli ar gamocxadda `g~, `J~ qvepunqtebiT gaTvaliswinebuli uflebebis garda.
sasamarTlo sxdomaze arasapatio mizeziT. kerZod, mas ara aqvs ufleba moiTxovos Tavisi uflebebis
kanonis Tanaxmad, sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze wardge- ganmarteba; iyolios warmomadgeneli; mxolod samoqalaqo
nili samoqalaqo sarCelis dakmayofilebis SemTxvevaSi mosarCelesTan SeTanxmebiT SeuZlia uari Tqvas sarCelze
sasamarTlos ufleba aqvs miiRos samoqalaqo sarCelis an dados morigeba samoqalaqo mopasuxesTan.
uzrunvelyofis zomebi, Tu isini manamde ar yofila miRe- samoqalaqo mosarCelis warmomadgenels, cxadia, ara
buli. sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze samoqalaqo sarCelis aqvs ufleba marwmuneblis sawinaaRmdego pozicia daikavos.
uzrunvelyofis RonisZiebas warmoadgens qonebaze yadaRis igi valdebulia gamoiyenos mxolod kanoniT nebadarTuli
dadeba. sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze wardgenili samoqalaqo saSualebebi da xerxebi samoqalaqo mosarCelis uflebebi-
sarCelis dakmayofilebis SemTxvevaSi misi aRsruleba unda sa da kanonieri interesebis dasacavad. amasTan, warmomad-
moxdes samoqalaqo saproceso kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili genlobis miRebis Semdeg advaokats ufleba ara aqvs uari
wesebis Sesabamisad. Tqva masze. warmomadgeneli valdebulia ar gaaxmauros
rogorc ukve aRiniSna, samoqalaqo mosarCeles ufleba warmomadgenlobasTan dakavSirebiT miRebuli informacia.
aqvs iyolios warmomadgeneli. samoqalaqo mosarCelis war- samoqalaqo mosarCelis warmomadgenels akisria igive
momadgeneli SeiZleba iyos advokati, romelic warmoadgens movaleobebi, rac mis marwmunebels gaaCnia. kerZod, sssk
mis interesebs procesis yvela stadiaze. samoqalaqo mosar- 86-e muxlis Tanaxmad, samoqalaqo mosarCele valdebulia
Celes SeuZlia isargeblos advokatis personaluri mowve- droulad gamocxaddes procesis mwarmoebel organoSi,
vis uflebiT. magram, amave dros, kanoniT gansazRvrul warudginos sasarCelo gancxadebis aslebi samoqalaqo mo-

276 277
pasuxes, braldebisa da dacvis mxareebs, daemorCilos bi.
sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris kanonier gankargulebas, pativi samoqalaqo mopasuxes waeyeneba moTxovna im qonebrivi,
sces sasamarTlos da mxareebs, daicvas wesrigi sasamarTlo fizikuri an moraluri zianis anazRaurebis Sesaxeb, romel-
sxdomis darbazSi. ic sxva pirs miadga damnaSavis an im piris marTlsawinaaRm-
dego qmedebis Sedegad, romlis mimarTac gamoiyeneba samedi-
cino xasiaTis iZulebiTi RonisZieba.
$9. samoqalaqo mopasuxe da misi samoqalaqo mopasuxe sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoe-
warmomadgeneli bisas aRWurvilia mxaris uflebebiT. misi saproceso interesi
dakavSirebulia sasamarTlos mier gansasjelisaTvis sisxlis
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze samoqalaqo sarCelis ward-
samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobis sakiTxis gadawyvetasTan.
genis da piris samoqalaqo mosarCeled cnobis Sesaxeb
samoqalaqo mopasuxe gamodis dacvis mxares, ramdenadac mas
dadgenilebis gamotanis Semdeg procesSi ebmeba samoqalaqo
uwevs uaryos moTxovna, romelic mis mimarT wayenebulia
mopasuxe. samoqalaqo mosarCelisagan gansxvavebiT samo-
braldebulis danaSaulebrivi qmedebis Sedegad.
qalaqo mopasuxed cnoba ar aris piris neba-survilze
samoqalaqo mopasuxis ufleba-movaleobebi regulire-
damokidebuli. is SeiZleba ganxorcieldes misi nebis
bulia sssk 90-e muxliT. cxadia, kanonSi CamoTvlili
sawinaaRmdegodac.
samoqalaqo mopasuxis uflebebi dakavSirebulia wardgenil
samoqalaqo mopasuxis statuss piri iZens gamomZieblis,
samoqalaqo sarCelTan. samoqalaqo mopasuxes ufleba aqvs
prokuroris dadgenilebiT. samoqalaqo mopasuxed SeiZleba
uaryos sarCeli, rac gulisxmobs SesaZleblobas uaryos
cnobili iqnes fizikuri an iuridiuli piri.
sasarCelo moTxovna da moiyvanos Sesabamisi argumentebi.
samoqalaqo mopasuxed SeiZleba cnobili iyos bralde-
marTalia, mas aqvs mxaris yvela ufleba, magram samoqalaqo
buli, aseve piri, romelsac materialuri an sxva pasux-
mopasuxis zogierTi ufleba SezRudulia misi saproceso
ismgebloba ekisreba braldebulis qmedebisaTvis, an im piris
funqciis Taviseburebis gamo, rac dakavSirebulia samo-
marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebisaTvis, vis mimarTac warmoebs
qalaqo mosarCelis sasarCelo pretenziisagan Tavis dacvas-
saqme samedicino xasiaTis iZulebiTi RonisZiebis gamosay-
Tan, magaliTad, ganaCens igi asaCivrebs mxolod samoqalaqo
eneblad. kerZod, aseTi pirebi SeiZleba iyvnen braldebulis
sarCelis Sesaxeb miRebuli gadawyvetilebis nawilSi iseve,
mSoblebi, meurveebi, mzrunvelebi da a.S.
rogorc samoqalaqo mosarCele. ufro konkretulad, samo-
samoqalaqo mopasuxed cnobis Sesaxeb dadgenilebis asli
qalaqo mopasuxes, iseve rogorc samoqalaqo mosarCeles,
da gancxadebuli samoqalaqo sarCelis asli procesis
ufleba aqvs moiTxovos Tavisi uflebebis ganmarteba, icodes
mwarmoebelma organos dauyovnebliv unda gadasces samo-
braldebis arsi, iyolios warmomadgeneli, waradginos mt-
qalaqo mopasuxes an mis warmomadgenels da unda ganumar-
kicebulebebi, ganacxados acileba da Suamdgomloba,
tos mas kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli misi ufleba-movaleobe-
monawileoba miiRos sagamoZiebo moqmedebis CatarebaSi,

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romelic exeba sarCelis Tanxasa da safuZvels, gaasaCivros Celis ganxilvisas SeiZleba daekisros damcvels. samoqalaqo
gamomZieblis, prokuroris moqmedeba da aqtebi; gaecnos mopasuxis interesebi aseve SeiZleba daicvas misma kanoni-
saqmis masalebs, gadaiRos aslebi da saqmidan amoiweros erma warmomadgenelma.
cnobebi samoqalaqo sarCelis nawilSi saqmis sabraldebo kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevaSi samoqalaqo mopa-
daskvniT sasamarTloSi gadagzavnis Semdeg, agreTve sisxlis suxis warmomadgenlis monawileoba savaldebuloa, kerZod,
samarTlebrivi devnis anda winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyvetisas, Tu samoqalaqo mopasuxe arasrulwlovania, qmeduunaro an
misces ganmarteba wardgenili sarCelis gamo, moiTxovos SezRudulqmeduunaroa, an janmrTelobis mdgomareobis gamo
mowmed dakiTxva, sasamarTloSi isargeblos mxaris yvela ar SeuZlia daicvas Tavisi interesebi. advokatis monawileo-
uflebiT, gamovides sasamarTlo kamaTSi, gaasaCivros gan- ba savaldebuloa. aRniSnul SemTxvevaSi Tu samoqalaqo
aCeni an sxva Semajamebeli gadawyvetileba samoqalaqo sar- mopasuxe ar miiwvevs advokats procesis mwarmoebeli or-
Celis Tanxisa da safuZvlis nawilSi, daicvas Tavisi in- gano valdebulia uzrunvelyos advokatis monawileoba,
teresebi saapelacio da sakasacio instanciis sasamarT- romlis xarjebsac saxelmwifo aanazRaurebs dadgenili
loSi, gaecnos sasamarTlo sxdomis oqms da gamoTqvas masze wesiT. Tu advokat-warmomadgenlis savaldebulo monawile-
SeniSvnebi. obis SemTxveva ar aris saxeze, magram samoqalaqo mopasuxe
samoqalaqo mopasuxes ufleba aqvs cnos sarCeli an arasmqonea da igi warudgens procesis mwarmoebel organos
dados morigeba samoqalaqo mosarCelesTan, rac gamoricx- adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis an mmarTvelobis organos
avs sarCelis gamo Semdgom warmoebas. mier gacemul gadaxdisuunarobis damadasturebel doku-
samoqalaqo mopasuxe mosarCelis msgavsad valdebulia ments, saxelmwifo uzrunvelyofs arasmqone samoqalaqo
gamocxaddes gamomZiebelTan, procesis mwarmoebel or- mopasuxis intresebis warmomadgenlad advokatis mowvevas
ganoSi, daemorCilos Tavmjdomaris kanonier gankargulebebs, saxelmwifos xarjze. gadaxdisuunarobis damadasturbeli
pativi sces sasamarTlosa da mxareebs, daicvas wesrigi dokumentis wardgenis SeuZleblobis SemTxvevaSi samoqalaqo
sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazSi. mopasuxis advokat-warmomadgenlis saxelmwifo xarjze
aRsaniSnavia, rom kanoniT pirdapir gaTvaliswinebul daniSvnis gadawyvetilebas iRebs procesis mwarmoebeli
SemTxvevebSi, samoqalaqo mopasuxes awevs mtkicebis tvir- organo.
Ti. kerZod, samoqalaqo mopasuxes awevs mosarCelis mt- samoqalaqo mopasuxis warmomadgeneli valdebulia gam-
kicebaTa uaryofis tvirTi mometebuli safrTxis wyaroTi oiyenos kanoniT nebadarTuli yvela saSualeba da xerxi
miyenebuli zianis anazRaurebis Sesaxeb sisxlis samarTlis marwmuneblis uflebebisa da kanonieri interesebis dasa-
saqmeebze. cavad. warmomadgenels aqvs samoqalaqo mopasuxis yvela
samoqalaqo mopasuxes ufleba aqvs iyolios warmomad- saproceso ufleba sarCelis cnobis, morigebis dadebis,
geneli-advokati. Tu samoqalaqo mopasuxed cnobilia bral- ganaCenisa da sxva Semajamebeli sasamarTlo gadawyvetile-
debuli, warmomadgenlis uflebamosileba samoqalaqo sar- bebis gasaCivrebis sakiTxis gadawyvetis garda. warmomad-

280 281
geneli valdebulia miiRos samoqalaqo mopasuxis Tanxmoba $10. pirebi, romlebic moiwvevian saqmeze
sarCelis sruli an nawilobrivi cnobis, morigebis dade- WeSmaritebis dadgenaSi daxmarebis gasawevad
bis, ganaCenisa da sxva Semajamebeli gadawyvetis gasaCivre- (mowme, eqsperti, specialisti, Tarjimani,
bis SemTxvevaSi. damswre) rogorc procesis subieqtebi
warmomadgneli valdebulia ar gaaxmauros warmomadgen-
lobasTan dakavSirebiT miRebuli informacia, warmomadgen- sisxlis samarTalwarmoebaSi procesis mwarmoebeli
lobis miRebis Semdeg advokats ufleba ara aqvs uari pirebis da organoebis, sisxlis samarTlis procesSi pro-
Tqvas masze. samoqalaqo mopasuxis warmoadgenels akisria cesualuri dainteresebis da procesualuri funqciis mqone
igive movaleobebi, rac samoqalaqo mopasuxes aqvs. subieqtebis garda, monawileobas Rebuloben agreTve pro-
cesis sxva subieqtebi, romlebic saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi
moiwvevian saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgenaSi daxmarebis mizniT.
es pirebia: mowme, eqsperti, specialisti, Tarjimani da
damswre. procesis am subieqtebs ar gaaCniaT saqmeSi Tavi-
si piradi interesi da isini ar asruleben romelime pro-
cesualur funqcias, aramed mxolod xels uwyoben proce-
sis mwarmoebel pirebs saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgenaSi.
dasaxelebul pirTa statussa da uflebamosilebas
gansazRvravs sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis XIII
Tavi (93-e – 104-e muxlebi).
sssk pirveli muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli miznebis miR-
weva SeuZlebelia sisxlis samarTlis procesSi ara mxolod
dazaralebulis da braldebulis,aramed procesis sxva
pirTa aqtiuri monawileobis gareSe, romlebmac xeli unda
Seuwyon mtkicebis saganSi Semavali garemoebebis dadge-
nas.

mowme

sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dasadgenad da


marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebisaTvis didi mniSvneloba
eniWeba procesSi mowmeTa monawileobas gansakuTrebiT im
SemTxvevebSi, rodesac mowmis mier micemul Cvenebas gadam-
282 283
wyveti mniSvneloba aqvs saqmisaTvis. mowme, rogorc mt- winapirobaa procesis mwarmoebeli organos (Tanamdebobis
kicebulebiTi informaciis matarebeli iqmneba TviT piris) varaudi (Sesabamisi mtkicebulebebis da infor-
gamosaZiebeli saqmis garemoebebiT da Seucvlelia sisxlis maciis safuZveze), rom am pirisaTvis SesaZlebelia cno-
samarTlis procesSi. vinaidan misi Cvenebebi, rogorc wesi, bili iyos saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone garemoebebi.
exeba uSualod mis mier nanaxs an mosmenils da romlis sisxlis samarTlis procesSi mowme aris piri, romel-
Sesaxeb informaciis mowodebac, rogorc wesi, mxolod mas ic gamoiZaxeba procesis mwarmoebeli organos mier Cvene-
SeuZlia. swored amitom mowmes da mis mier mocemul Cve- bis misacemad saqmesTan dakavSirebuli faqtebis da sisxlis
nebebs sisxlis samarTlis procesSi Seunacvlebadi xasiaTi samarTlis saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone sxva garemoebe-
gaaCniaT. amiT gansxvavdeba mowme am TavSi ganxiluli ss bis Sesaxeb. amasTan, sssk 3051-e muxlis Tanaxmad mowmis
procesis sxva monawileebisagan-eqspertebis, specialiste- dakiTxva SeiZleba mxolod im garemoebebis Sesaxeb, romel-
bis da Tarjimnebisgan, romelTa funqciebis ganxorcieleba sac mniSvneloba aqvs saqmisaTvis, aseve eWvmitanilis, bral-
Sesabamisi ganaTlebis da kvalifikaciis mqone nebismier sxva debulisa da dazaralebulis vinaobis dasadgenad.
pirs SeuZlia. amasTan, mowme procesis mwarmoebel organos sisxlis samarTlis procesSi piris mowmis saxiT
awvdis ara sakuTar mosazrebebs an daskvnebs (eqsperti, monawileobis safuZvels warmoadgens misi gamoZaxeba. pro-
specialisti) aramed uSualod mis mier nanaxi an gagonili cesis sxva subieqtebisagan gansxvavebiT aq ar xdeba dadge-
faqtobrivi monacemebis Taobaze informacias. nilebis gamotana piris mowmed cnobis Sesaxeb. mowmis
swored amitom,sssk krZlavs mowmis mier sxva proce- gamoZaxeba xorcieldeba:
sualuri funqciebis SeTavsebas (magaliTad Tarjimani, dam- _ uwyebiT;
swre, eqsperti, gamomZiebeli da a.S). Tu saWiro xdeba ar- _ telefonogramiT;
Cevanis gakeTeba piris mier mowmis da procesis sxva subieq- _ depeSiT;
tis saxiT procesSi mowvevisas (garda eWvmitanilis, bral- _ radiogramiT
debulis an dazaralebulis saxiT) arCevani keTdeba mowmis _ faqsiT;
statusis SenarCunebis sasargeblod. kerZod, im SeTxvevaSi _ kavSirgabmulobis sxva teqnikuri saSualebiT.
Tu saqmis warmoebaSi eqspertis saxiT mowveuli piri an sisxlis samarTlis procesSi mowmis mowvevis mizania
gamomZiebeli aRmoCndeba, rom igive saqmeze SeiZleba mowveu- gamosaZiebel an gansaxilvel sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan
li iqnes mowmis saxiT, igi procesSi SeinarCunebs mowmis dakavSirebuli informaciis mopoveba. amitom, procesSi
statuss, magram acileba miecema rogorc eqsperts, gamomZieb- piris mowmis saxiT monawileoba pirdapir ukavSirdeba mis
els. gamonaklisia procesSi monawile pirTa kanonieri war- mier Cvenebis micemis movaleobas.
momadgenlebi, eWvmitanili, braldebuli, gansasjeli, rom- gamonaklisia sssk 95-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli
lebic procesSi aseve Seucvleli subieqtebi arian. pirebi, romelTa dakiTxva ar xdeba mowmis saxiT. sssk
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi mowmis saxiT mowvevis iTvaliswinebs mowmeTa am jgufis dayofas or kategoriad:

284 285
I. pirebi, romlebic procesis mwarmoebeli organos bis am safuZvliT mowmis movaleobisagan gaTavisufleba
gadawyvetilebiT SeiZleba gaTavisufldnen mowmis mova- droSi SezRuduli ar aris da arc Seuqcevadi xasiaTisaa.
leobisagan. kerZod, saqmis konkretuli garemoebebidan gamomdinare
sssk icavs profesiuli saqmianobis saidumloebas da procesis mwarmoebel organos ufleba aqvs mogvianebiT
procesis mwarmoebel pirs, saqmis garemoebebis da profe- Secvalos (igive an Semdgom stadiaze) Tavisi gadawyvetile-
siuli saqminobisaTvis Cvenebis micemiT gamowveuli sava- ba da aRniSnuli pirebi moiwvios procesSi Cvenebis misace-
raudo zianis Tanafardobis gaTvaliswinebiT, uflebas mad.
aZlevs motivirebuli dadgenilebiT (ganCinebiT) mowmis sssk ar gamoricxavs zemoT aRniSnul pirTa mowmis
movaleobisagan gaaTavisuflos: movaleobisagan sruli moculobiT gaTavisuflebis SesaZle-
a) eqimi, medicinis da, meani, farmacevti, sxva samedi- blobas. is adgens aRniSnuli kategoriis pirebis mier
cino muSaki, Tu maT profesiulad evalebaT saeqimo (samedi- Cvenebis micemis movaleobas gansaxilvel saqmesTan dakav-
cino) saidumloebis dacva; SirebiT da imavdroulad saWiroebisas gaTavisuflebas
b) notariusi, sajaro mosamsaxure, samxedro mosamsax- mxolod im nawilSi, romelic SeiZleba exebodes zemoT
ure da masTan gaTanabrebuli piri, Tu maT nakisri aqvT aRniSnul saidumlos an informacias. imavdroulad, es aris
valdebuleba, ar gaamJRavnon miRebuli informaciis wyaro procesis mwarmoebeli piris ufleba da ara valdebuleba
da Sinaarsi; da misi gamoyeneba damokidebulia konkretuli saqmis gare-
g) piri, romelic samuSaoze im pirobiT aris miRebuli, moebebze, mowmis Cvenebis mniSvnelobaze marTlmsajulebis
rom ar gaamJRavnebs komerciul an sabanko saidumloebas. ganxorcielebis da obieqturi gamoZiebis ganxorcielebis
d) kontrteroristuli an/da specialuri operaciis miznebisaTvis. nebismier SemTxvevaSi procesis mwarmoebeli
monawile piri, romlis saqmianoba gasaidumloebulia, da piris gadawyvetileba unda iyos dasabuTebuli da moti-
am saqmianobis amsaxveli dokumentebi, masalebi da sxva virebuli.
monacemebi miekuTvneba saxelmwifo saidumloebas. II. pirebi romlebic ar SeiZleba iyvnen obieqturi mt-
magram sssk ar iTvaliswinebs mowmis uflebas uari kicebulebiTi informaciis wyaro.
Tqvas Cvenebis micemaze profesiuli, samsaxurebrivi, ko- informaciis sarwmunoobis xarisxis matarebeli ar aris
merciuli Tu piradi cxovrebis saidumloobis safuZvliT. SezRuduli SesaZleblobis da qmeduunaro pirTa mier
vinaidan, saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgenis da marTlmsajuleb- micemuli Cveneba. swored amitom mowmed ar SeiZleba
is ganxorcielebis miznebidan gamomdinare, procesis mwar- dakiTxon piri:
moebeli organo Tavad iRebs gadawyvetilebas gaaTavisuf- a) romelsac mcirewlovnobis, fizikuri naklis an
los piri mowmis movaleobisagan Tu uzrunvelyos piris fsiqikuri daavadebis gamo ar SeuZlia sworad aRiqvas,
dakiTxva mis mier micemuli Cvenebis konfidencialurobis daixsomos an aRidginos saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone
uzrunvelyofis pirobebSi. imavdroulad aRniSnuli pire- garemoebebi da misces Cveneba,

286 287
b) adamianiT vaWrobis (trefikingis) msxverpli – sssk mkafiod gansazRvravs im sakiTxTa wres, da SemTx-
mosafiqrebeli vadis ganmavlobaSi. vevebs, romelTa Taobazec aRniSnuli pirebis mowmis saxiT
imis gasarkvevad, mcirewlovnobis, fizikuri naklis an dakiTxva akrZaluli. imavdroulad maTi mowmis saxiT
fsiqikuri daavadebis gamo SeuZlia Tu ara pirs movlene- dakiTxvis akrZalva ar aris absoluturi. kanoni ar krZa-
bis sworad aRqma, damaxsovreba aRdgena da gadmocema lavs maT dakiTxvas an gamoZaxebas procesSi mowmis saxiT
SesaZlebelia saWiro gaxdes Sesabamisi dargis specialis- saerTod, aramed mxolod maT mier ganxorcielebul konk-
tis mowveva an eqspertizis Catareba.. fizikuri (magaliTad retul funqciebTan da faqtebTan mimarTebaSi.
xeibari, usinaTlo, yru-munji da a.S) an fsiqikuri nakli amasTan, am jgufSi Semavali pirebic pirobiTad iyofa
TavisTavad ar warmoadgens procesSi piris mowmis saxiT or saxed:
monawileobis damabrkolebel garemoebas. aq mniSvnelovania 1. pirebi, romelTa dakiTxva maTi survilis/ Tanxmobis
imis dadgena Tu ra gavlenas axdens konkretuli nakli SemTxvevaSic akrZalulia;
piris unarze aRiqvas, daimaxsovros da gadmosces esa Tu 2. pirebi romelTa dakiTxva mowmis saxiT SesaZlebelia
is viTareba (magaliTad, usinaTlos SeuZlia gamoZiebis maTi Tanxmobis SemTxvevaSi.
organos miawodos informacia saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis 1. pirebi, romelTa dakiTxva maTi survilis/ Tanxmobis
mqone im saubris Sesaxeb, romlis momswrec is iyo, an SemTxvevaSic akrZalulia
romelic misTvis gaxda cnobili sxva pirebisagan; yru- sssk iTvaliswinebs advokatis (damcveli, warmomad-
munjma_ mis mier uSualod nanaxi danaSaulis Cadenis vi- geneli), saxalxo damcvelis, sakanonmdeblo organos wevre-
Tarebis Sesaxeb da a.S) magram aRniSnuli kategoriis bis, mosamarTlis da Jurnalistebis saqmianobis efeqturad
pirebis procesSi monawileobisas, rogorc wesi, aucile- ganxorcielebisaTvis damatebiT garantiebs da ndobiTi
belia Tarjimnis monawileoba. urTierTobebis uzrunvelyofas maTi profesiuli saqmiano-
fsiqikuri daavadebebi sxvadasxva simZimis da formisaa bis ganxorcielebisas (mag dacvis qveS myof pirebTan urT-
(permanentuli an droebiTi Seuracxadoba). amitom, aseT ierTobisas imisaTvis rom am pirTa gulaxdiloba ar iqnes
dros unda dadgindes erTis mxriv aseTi mowmis fsiqikuri gamoyenebuli maTsave sawinaaRmdegod). aseve aRsarebis said-
mdgomareoba konkretuli garemoebebis aRqmis da meores umloebis dacva, rac aRmsareblobis Tavisuflebis uzrun-
mxriv-dakiTxvis momentSi. aseTi pirebis dakiTxvis mizanSe- velyofis mniSvnelovani garantiaa.
wonilobis Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebas iRebs procesis mwar- sssk Tanaxmad, ar SeiZleba mowmed gamoiZaxon da
moebeli piri yovel konkretul SemTxvevaSi eqim-special- dakiTxon:
istTan konsultaciis safuZvelze. a) eWvmitanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis an msjavrde-
III. pirebi romlebic ar SeiZleba gamoZaxebulni da bulis damcveli – im garemoebis Sesaxeb, romelic misTvis
dakiTxulni iqnen mowmis saxiT konkretul garemoebebTan cnobili gaxda am saqmeSi damcvelis movaleobis Sesrule-
dakavSirebiT (sssk 95.1 muxli); basTan dakavSirebiT;

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b) dazaralebulis, samoqalaqo mosarCelis, samoqalaqo Ruduli da Sesabamisad aRniSnuli kategoriis pirTa
mopasuxis warmomadgeneli – im garemoebis Sesaxeb, romel- dakiTxva dauSvebelia imisdamiuxedavad kvlavac agrZeleben
ic misTvis cnobili gaxda am saqmeSi warmomadgenlis an aRniSnul saqmianobas Tu ara. magaliTad, dauSvebelia eWvmi-
damcvelis movaleobis SesrulebasTan dakavSirebiT; tanilis damcvelis dakiTxva im garemoebebis Sesaxeb,
g) advokati, romelic iuridiul daxmarebas uwevda romelic misTvis cnobili gaxda am saqmeSi damcvelis
pirs dacvis an warmomadgenlobis miRebamde – im garemoe- movaleobis SesrulebasTan dakavSirebiT maSinac, rodesac
bis Sesaxeb, romelic misTvis cnobili gaxda iuridiuli igi ukve aRar asrulebs aRniSnul funqcias saqmeze gama-
daxmarebis gawevasTan dakavSirebiT-amasTan igulisxmeba mis marTlebeli Tu gamomatyunebeli ganaCenis gamotanis, Tu
mier iuridiuli daxmarebis gaweva nebismieri samarTaldar- mis momsaxurebaze braldebulis mier uaris Tqmis miuxe-
Rvevis saqmeze. maT Soris samoqalaqo, administraciuli da davad.
a.S. aseve profesiuli iuridiuli momsaxurebis ganxor- imavdroulad, mniSvneloba ara aqvs aRniSnuli infor-
cielebisas aseTi informaciis miReba drois, adgilis da macia uSualod exeboda mis mier ganxorcielebul samsax-
informaciis Sinaarsis miuxedavad; urebriv saqmianobas Tu samsaxurebrivi saqmianobis ganxor-
d) advokati, romelic organizacias emsaxureboda – im cielebis procesSi gaxda misTvis cnobili sxva garemoe-
garemoebis Sesaxeb, romelic misTvis cnobili gaxda dacvis bebi, romlebsac mis mier ganxorcielebul momsaxurebasTan
an warmomadgenlobis ganxorcielebasTan an sxva iuridiuli kavSiri ara aqvs (magaliTad qurdobisaTvis dakavebuli
daxmarebis gawevasTan dakavSirebiT; eWvmitanilis dacvisas cnobili gaxda eWvmitanilis axlo
e) sasuliero piri – im garemoebis Sesaxeb, romelic naTesavis mier mkvlelobis Cadenis Sesaxeb).
misTvis cnobili gaxda aRsarebis an sxvagvarad gandobis 2. pirebi, romlebic maTi Tanxmobis SemTxvevaSi SeiZle-
Sedegad; ba daikiTxon rogorc braldebis mowme.
z) saxalxo damcveli – im faqtis gamo, romelic mas sssk 951 muxlis `v~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad dauSvebelia
gaandes, rogorc saxalxo damcvels; eWvmitanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis, msjavrdebulis
T) saqarTvelos parlamentis, afxazeTisa da aWaris axlo naTesavis mowmis saxiT dakiTxva da Sesabamisad sssp
avtonomiuri respublikebis umaRlesi warmomadgenlobiTi monawileobisaTvis mowveva ssprocesis nebismier stadiaze,
organoebis wevrebi – im faqtis gamo, romelic maT gaandes garda im SemTxvevebisa Tu isini Tavad gamoTqvamen Cvenebis
amomrCevlebma; micemis survils. aseTi survilis gamoTqmis SemTxvevaSi
i) mosamarTle – im garemoebis Sesaxeb, romelic war- isini nebayoflobiT acxadeben uars mowmis saproceso imu-
moadgens mosamarTleTa TaTbiris saidumloebas; nitetze da maTze garceldeba sssk mowmisaTvis dadgenili
k) Jurnalisti – profesiuli saqmianobisas miRebul yvela movaleoba da pasuxismgeloba. uari mowmis imunite-
informaciasTan dakavSirebiT. tze aris Seuqcevadi da upirobo. rac gulisxmobs, rom
unda aRiniSnos, rom es akrZalva droSi ar aris Sez- mowmes ar aqvs ufleba Tanxmoba ganacxados informaciis

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nawilis miwodebaze an sakuTari Sexedulebisamebr gansaz- mizeziT SeuZlebels xdis procesze mis gamocxadebas. (ix.
Rvros procesis mwarmoebeli organosaTvis misawodebeli muxli 44.57)
informaciis saxe da moculoba, vinaidan am SemTxvevaSi mis 2. sworad acnobos yvelaferi, rac saqmis gamo icis,
mimarT adgili eqneba sssk dadgenili saproceso iZulebis da upasuxos dasmul SekiTxvebs.
da ssp RonisZiebebis gamoyenebas darCenil gaumJRavnebel mowme valdebulia miawodos informacia mxolod im
informaciasTan dakavSirebiT. garemoebebis Sesaxeb, romlebic misTvis cnobilia dakiTxvis
mowmis ufleba-movaleobani. momentSi. amasTan igi ar aris valdebuli Tavisi sakuTari
rocesSi piri mowmis statuss iZens procesis mwar- mosazrebebi miawodos procesis mwarmoebel organos. mowmes
moebel organoSi an Tanamdebobis pirTan (rogorc wesi _ SeuZlia misces Cveneba uSualod im movlenebis da faqte-
gamomZiebelTan) misi pirvelive gamoZaxebis momentidan. bis Sesaxeb, romlebic uSualod mis mier iqna aRqmuli an
swored am momentidan ekisreba mas sssk mowmisaTvis dadge- im garemoebebis Sesaxeb romlebic misTvis cnobili gaxda
nili uflebebi da movaleobebi. sxva pirTagan. dauSvebelia mowmisagan raime saxis gamoZie-
mowme valdebulia: bis an dakvirvebis warmoebis moTxovna, an mis mimarT iseTi
1. gamocxaddes gamomZieblis, prokuroris, sasamarTlos eqsperimentebis Catareba, romlebic marTalia sasargebloa
gamoZaxebiT. gamoZiebisaTvis, magram ar gaaCniaT mowmis movaleobasTan
procesSi arasapatio mizeziT, gamoucxadeblobis SemTx- pirdapiri damokidebuleba mag., hipnotizacia. gamonaklisia
vevaSi mowmes SeiZleba daekisros fuladi jarima 500 danaSaulis SemTxvevis, zianis miyenebis faqtis dadgenis,
laramde odenobiT da daeqvemdebaros iZulebiT moyvanas. dakiTxvisaTvis mowmis vargisianobis Semowmebis da
arasapatio mizeziT mowmis gamoucxadeblobis SemTx- gamosaZiebel ss saqmesTan dakavSirebuli sxva legitimuri
vevaSi igi SeiZleba iZulebiT iqnes moyvanili. mowmis mizniT ganxorcielebuli eqsperimentebi. dauSvebelia iseTi
iZulebiTi moyvana dasaSvebia procesis nebismier stadiaze sagamoZiebo eqsperimentis Catareba mowmis mimarT, romel-
mxolod sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebiT (winaswari gamoZie- ic safrTxes uqmnis mis janmrTelobas an sicocxles an
bis stadiaze-brZanebiT, saqmis arsebiTad ganxilvisas- ewinaaRmdegeba zneobriv normebs.
dadgenilebiT an ganCinebiT). mowmis moyvanis mizania misi mowmis Semowmeba dasaSvebia mxolod misi Cvenebis sis-
monawileobis uzrunvelyofa sagamoZiebo moqmedebaSi an woris gasarkvevad. mowmis Semowmeba daiSveba mxolod
sasamarTlo sxdomaSi. magram misi iZulebiT moyvana dauS- mosamarTlis brZanebiT. magram Semowmebis Catarebaze mowmis
vebelia winaswar misi gamoZaxebis, mis mier nebayoflobiT Tanxmobis SemTxvevaSi mosamarTlis brZanebis mopoveba
gamocxadebaze uaris Tqmis da gamoucxadeblobis arasapatio saWiro aRar xdeba da Semowmeba tardeba gamomZieblis an
mizezis dadgenis gareSe. sssk gamoucxadeblobis sapatio prokuroris dadgenilebis safuZvelze sssk dadgenili
SemTxvevebs miakuTvnebs gansakuTrebul obieqtur garemoe- wesiT. sssk krZalavs aseve mowmis iZulebiT eqspertizas,
bebs, romlebic procesis monawilisagan damoukidebeli garda veneriuli Tu sxva infeqciuri daavadebebis dadgeni-

292 293
sa da agreTve im SemTxvevebisa, roca eWvmitanili an bral- Tanaxmad axlo naTesavs miekuTvneba mSobeli, Svilad amyvani,
debuli moiTxovs im dazaralebulis Cvenebis Semowmebas, Svilobili, papa, bebia, SviliSvili, da, Zma, meuRle (gan-
romelic amxels mas danaSaulis CadenaSi. dazaralebulisa qorwinebulic). amdenad, sssk es debuleba iseve, rogorc
da mowmis iZulebiTi eqspertiza dasaSvebia mxolod mosa- mowmis saxiT gamoZaxebis da dakiTxvis akrZalva ar exeba
marTlis brZanebis safuZvelze. meurvesa da mzrunvels.
2. mowmes ekisreba sisxlis samarTlis pasuxismgebloba dauSvebelia mowmisagan Cvenebis mopoveba iZulebis,
Cvenebis micemaze uaris TqmisTvis (muxli 370), cru Cven- muqaris an SantaJis an sxva ukanono meTodebiT. aseTis
ebis micemisaTvis (muxli 370), arsebiTad urTierTsawi- gamoyenebis SemTxvevaSi Sesabamis pirs ekisreba sisxlis
naaRmdego Cvenebebis micemis (muxli 3711) da cru das- samarTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba.
menisaTvis (muxli 373). magram mowmes pasuxismgebloba ar 4. ar gaamJRavnos saqmesTan dakavSirebiT misTvis cno-
ekisreba Tu: bili garemoebebi, Tu igi amis Sesaxeb gaafrTxila gamomZie-
1. igi eWvmitanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis an belma, prokurorma an sasamarTlom;
msjavrdebulis axlo naTesavia; 5. daicvas wesrigi saqmis winaswari gamoZiebisa da
2. mas unda epasuxa danaSaulis CadenaSi mis mamxilebel sasamarTlo ganxilvis dros _ gamoucxadeblobis, Tavmj-
SekiTxvaze domaris gankargulebaTa Seusruleblobis, saqmis gamoZie-
3. igi keTilsindisierad cdeba da amis gamo iZleva aras- bisa da sasamarTlo ganxilvis dros wesrigis darRvevisa
wor Cvenebas da adgili ara aqvs mowmis mier winaswari da sasamarTlos upativcemulobisaTvis mowmes SeiZleba
SecnobiT araswori Cvenebis micemas. daekisros fuladi saxdeli Sromis anazRaurebis aT mini-
4. winaswari gamoZiebis procesSi an sasamarTlo gadaw- malur odenobamde. kerZod, sasamarTlo sxdomaze wesrigis
yvetilebis ganaCenis gamotanamde nebayoflobiT ganacx- darRvevis SemTxvevaSi mosamarTlis gankargulebiT igi
adebs mis mier cru Cvenebis micemis Sesaxeb.
winaswari SecnobiT cru Cvenebis micemisaTvis mowmis uflebas pasuxi ar gasces braldebis mxaris nebismier SekiTxvas an uari Tqvas
Cvenebis micemaze. kerZod~ aravin unda iqnes iZulebuli sisxlis sam saqmeze
mimarT ss devnis dawyeba dasaSvebia mxolod ganaCenis misces Cveneba sakuTari Tavis sawinaaRmdegod. imuniteti TviTgaTqmisagan exeba
dadgenasTan erTdroulad. ara mxolod braldebuls, aramed mowmesac romelic Cvenebas iZleva sasamarT-
amasTan, mowme ar aris valdebuli misces Cveneba Tavi- loSi. Tu mowme CaTvlis rom misma Cvenebam SeiZleba moaxdinos missive inkri-
minireba /TviTgaTqma danaSaulis CadenaSi, SeuZlia Tavi Seikavos nebismier
si an misi axlo naTesavis winaaRmdeg1. sssk 44-e muxlis kiTxvaze pasuxis gacemisagan. sakiTxs mowmisaTvis privilegiis miniWebis Tao-
baze iRebs mosamarTle saqmis konkretuli garemoebebidan gamomdinare. `Tu ar
1 aSS-is sssk iTvaliswinebs mowmis imunitetis instituts, rac gu- arsebobs inkriminirebis realuri da arsebiTi saSiSroeba, Txovna privilegiis
lisxmobs sasamarTlos mier pirisaTvis miniWebul imunitets, rom piris mier gamoyenebis Taobaze ar kmayofildeba, maSinac ki Tu dadgindeba sisxlissamarT-
mowmis saxiT dakiTxvisas micemuli Cvenebebi da maTgan gamomdinare faqtebi ar lebrivi sanqciebis gamoyenebis Soreuli safrTxe. magram Tu mowmisaTvis aseTi
iqneba gamoyenebuli mtkicebulebis saxiT missave winaaRmdeg Semdgomi samar- safrTxis arseboba erTxel ukve iqna dadgenili, mas eniWeba farTo SesaZle-
Talwarmoebisas. bloba damoukideblad Seafasos sakuTari TavisaTvis konkretuli safrTxis
aSS – is konstituciis me-5 Sesworeba iTvaliswinebs braldebulis sakiTxi.

294 295
SeiZleba dajarimdes 50-dan 500 laramde odenobiT an • isargeblos werilobiTi CaniSvnebiTa da dokument-
Seefardos dapatimreba, xolo sasamarTlos aSkara upa- ebiT;
tivcemulobis an Tu misi qmedeba mimarTulia procesis • mis mimarT ganxorcielebul iZulebiT eqspertizasTan
CaSlisken _ 30 dRemde vadiT. mimarTbeaSi-eqspertizis Catarebamde gaecnos gamomZieblis
5. ar datovos sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazi Tavmjdo- an prokuroris dadgenilebas eqspertizis daniSvnis Ses-
maris nebarTvis gareSe. axeb; acileba misces eqsperts; gaecnos eqspertis daskvnas.
6. Seasrulos procesis mwarmoebeli organos kanonieri misi miRebidan ara ugvianes 10 dRis Semdeg aRZras Suam-
moTxovna-mosamarTle valdebulia sisxlis samarTlis sap- dgomloba damatebiTi an ganmeorebiTi eqspertizis Catare-
roceso movaleobaTa SeusruleblobisaTvis 500 laramde bis Taobaze;
odenobis fuladi jarima daakisros mowmes, romelic uars • gamomZieblis ukanono moqmedeba gaasaCivros proku-
ityvis Semowmebis an eqspertizis Catarebis, SedarebiTi rorTan,
kvlevisaTvis nimuSis miRebis Sesaxeb gamomZieblis, proku- • ar misces Cveneba, romelic amxels mas an mis axlo
roris, sasamarTlos kanonieri moTxovnis Sesrulebaze. naTesavebs danaSaulis CadenaSi;
mowmes ufleba aqvs: yvela sxva piri SeiZleba dakiTxuli iqnes mowmis
• icodes, ra saqmis gamoa gamoZaxebuli; saxiT. kanoni ar adgens raime saxis asakobriv an piris
• Cveneba misces mSobliur enaze, Tu man ar icis sisx- fizikuri mdgomareobidan ganindinare SezRudvas mowmed
lis samarTlis procesis ena, da isargeblos Tar- mosawvev pirebTan mimarTebaSi da aucileblobis SemTx-
jimnis ufaso momsaxurebiT; vevaSi iTvaliswinebs arasrulwlovnebis da mcirewlovne-
• acileba misces Tarjimans; bis1 dakiTxis SesaZleblobasac. arasrulwlovani mowme
• sakuTari xeliT Camoayalibos Tavisi Cveneba; SeiZleba daikiTxos im SemTxvevaSi, Tu mas asakis, fsiqikuri
• iyolios advokati (m. 3055) mdgomareobis, unar-Cvevebis da sxva Tvisebebis erToblio-
• monawileoba miiRos sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catare- biT SeuZlia sityvierad, an sxva formiT miawodos proce-
baSi; sis mwarmoebel organos, Tanamdebobis pirs sisxlis samar-
• gaecnos dakiTxvis an misi monawileobiT Catarebuli Tlis saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone cnobebi. kanoni ar
sxva sagamoZiebo moqmedebis oqms, moiTxovos masSi adgens minimalur asakobriv zRvars, romlidanac daiSveba
damatebebisa da cvlilebebis Setana, aseve gaecnos mcirewlovnis dakiTxva. rogorc wesi, es damokidebulia
sasamarTlo sxdomis oqmis im nawils, sadac Cawer- erTis mxriv mcirewlovnis Tvisebebis erTobliobaze da
ilia misi Cveneba, da moiTxovos masSi damatebebis, dasakiTx garemoebebze. 7 wlamde asakis mowmis dakiTxva
cvlilebebisa da dazustebebis Setana, daiSveba mxolod mSoblis an kanonieri warmomadgenlis
• gaakeTos gancxadeba gamoZiebis ukanono meTodebis
1 maT mier miwodebuli informaciis mtkicebulebiTi xasiaTi ganxilulia
Sesaxeb; mtkicebulebaTa TavSi.

296 297
TanxmobiT. 14 wlamde asakis mowmes unda ganematos misi Sefasebisas.
movaleoba ilaparakos mxolod simarTle, magram is ar
frTxildeba Segnebulad araswori Cvenebis micemisaTvis an Tarjimani
Cvenebis micemaze uaris TqmisaTvis sisxlis samarTlis
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi Tarjimnis mier Tavisi
pasuxismgeblobis Sesaxeb. nebismier SemTxvevaSi arasrul-
funqcebis ganuxrelad, srulyofilad da keTilsindisierad
wlovani mowmis dakiTxva daiSveba pedagogis an kanonieri
ganxorcielebaze mniSvnelovanwilad aris damokidebuli
warmomadgenlis TandaswrebiT. aRniSnuli kategoriis
procesSi monawile pirTa aqtiuroba da maTi movaleobebis
pirTa dakiTxvisas gaTvaliswinebuli unda iyos aseTi Cve-
srulyofilad ganxorcieleba (magaliTad: mowme, eqsperti,
nebebis Taviseburebani.
specialisti) da meores mxriv mxareTa mier Tavisi ufle-
yru-munji mowmis dakiTxva tardeba im piris monawile-
bebis da kanonieri interesebis dacvis xarisxi.
obiT, romelic igebs mis niSnebs da SeuZlia misTvis imave
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi Tarjimnis monawileobis
niSnebiT azris gagebineba. xolo mZime avadmyofi mowmis
safuZvelia:
dakiTxva yvela SemTxvevaSi tardeba eqimis werilobiTi
1. gamomZieblis, prokuroris an mosamarTlis dadgenileba;
nebarTviT, xolo Tu amas aucileblad miiCnevs eqimi-misi
an
TandaswrebiT. amasTan
2. sasamarTlos ganCineba
damatebiTi regulaciebi gaTvaliswinebulia mxolod
procesSi Tarjimnis mowvevis winapirobebia:
diplomatiuri imunitetis mqone pirebTan mimarTebaSi. maTi
a) gamomZiebelma, prokurorma, mosamarTlem (mosa-
dakiTxva dasaSvebia mxolod maTi TxovniT an maTi Tanxmo-
marTleebma) ar ician an saTanadod ar ician ena, romelze-
biT. Tanxmoba gamoiTxoveba sagareo saqmeTa saministros
dac procesis monawile iZleva ganmartebas an Cvenebas;
meSveobiT.
b) braldebulma, eWvmitanilma, damcvelma, dazarale-
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze yovelmxrivi, obieqturi da
bulma, samoqalaqo mosarCelem, samoqalaqo mopasuxem,
srulyofili gamoZiebis Catarebis miznebidan gamomdinare
maTma warmomadgenlebma, procesis sxva monawileebma ar
sssk procesis monawile pirs akisrebs mowmis saxiT nebi-
ician an saTanadod ar ician sisxlis samarTlis procesis
smieri im piris mowvevis movaleobas, romlisTvisac sava-
ena;
raudod cnobilia saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone garemoe-
g) saWiroa meore enidan iTargmnos esa Tu is werilo-
bebi da amdenad, sssk ar iTvaliswinebs mowmis acilebis
biTi teqsti.
SesaZleblobas dazaralebulTan, procesis monawilesTan
sssk iTvaliswinebs procesSi ori tipis Tarjimnis
naTesauri Tu sxvagvari damokidebulebis, misi saqmianobis
monawileobas:
Tu sxva safuZvliT (magaliTad dazaralebulis naTesavia
1. piri romelsac esmis yru-munjTa niSnebi;
an adre iyo gamomZiebeli am saqmeze) magram es garemoebebi
gaTvaliswinebuli unda iqnes mis mier micemuli Cvenebis

298 299
2. piri, romelic flobs samarTalwarmoebis da proce- detalurad ar aregulirebs Tarjimnis mier nakisri mova-
sis Sesabamisi monawilis enas. leobebis Sesrulebis formas.
Tu saqmis ramdenime monawiles sWirdeba Tarjimani da TarjimanTan dakavSirebiT sainteresoa sakiTxi imis
isini saTanadod floben erTsa da imave enas, SesaZlebelia Sesaxeb Tu romeli dokumentebis Targmanis movaleoba da
erTi Tarjimnis mowveva. ra formiT unda ekisrebodes Tarjimans_ zepiri Tu weri-
Tarjimnis movaleobis Sesrulebis ufleba ara aqvT: lobiTi, zepiri Targmanis SemTxvevaSi Targmani unda xor-
1. procesis mwarmoebel pirebs (gamomZiebels, prokurors, cieledebodes sityva-sityviTi, Tu SesaZlebelia saqmeSi
mosamarTles); arsebuli dokumentebis mokle Sinaarsis Targmna. aRniS-
2. sxdomis mdivans; nuli gansakuTrebiT sainteresoa procesis monawilis mier
3. eWvmitanils, braldebuls, gansasjels, msjavrdbuls; saqmeSi arsebuli masalebis gacnobasTan mimarTebaSi ssk
4. damcvels; sxvadasxa stadiebTan mimarTebaSi. sssk iTvaliswinebs mx-
5. dazaralebuls da mis warmomadgenels; olod Semajamebeli xasiaTis dokumentebis werilobiTi
6. samoqalaqo mosarCeles, samoqalaqo mopasuxes da maT Targmanis movaleobas. danarCeni dokumentebis zepiri Targ-
warmomadgenlebs; manis SemTxvevaSi rTulia arajerovani an arasruli, Ser-
7. mowmes; CeviTi Targmanis faqtis mtkiceba. amasTan, ar iTvaliswinebs
8. eqsperts; arajerovnad an arasrulyofilad ganxorcielebuli Targ-
9. specialists; manisaTvis Tarjimnis pasuxismgeblobis sakiTxs. miuxedavad
10. damswres. imisa, rom amiT SeiZleba procesis monawiles xSir SemTx-
vevaSi miadges mniSvnelovani ziani (magaliTad braldebu-
Tarjimnis ufleba-movaleobani lisaTvis mowmis Cvenebis arsebiTad araswori Targmani,
11. Tarjimani valdebulia: ramac ganapiroba dacvis xazis an taqtikis Secvla bral-
_ gamocxaddes gamomZieblis, prokuroris, sasamarTlos debulis mier). aqedan gamomdinare gansakuTrebuli mniS-
gamoZaxebiT. Tu Tarjimani arasapatio mizeziT, uars ityvis vneloba eniWeba kvalificiuri Tarjimnebis monawileobis
gamocxadebaze an masze dakisrebuli movaleobis Sesrule- uzrunvelyofas. swored amitom sssk 106 muxlis iTval-
baze, mas daekisreba fuladi jarima 500 laramde odenobiT. iswinebs Tarjimnis acilebis valdebulebas im SemTxvevaSi,
xelmeored arasapatio mizeziT gamoucxadeblobisas igi Tu gamovlindeba misi profesiuli arakvalificiuroba.
iZulebiT iqneba moyvanili. iZulebiT moyvana ar anTavisu- _ xelmoweriT daadasturos Targmanis utyuaroba misi
flebs gamoucxadeblobisaTvis pasuxismgeblobisagan. monawileobiT Catarebuli sagamoZiebo moqmedebis oqmsa da
_ zustad da srulad Targmnos Cveneba da dokumenti. sasamarTlo sxdomis oqmSi, agreTve sxva saproceso doku-
miuxedavad imisa, rom sssk adgens Tarjimnis movaleobas mentebSi, romlebic procesis monawiles gadaecema mis
Targmanis keTilsindisierad ganxorcielebis mizniT, sssk mSobliur enaze an im enaze Targmnili, romelic man icis.

300 301
ganzrax araswori TargmanisaTvis Tarjimani pasuxs agebs aRniSnuli wesi ar exeba procesis mwarmoebel subieqtebs.
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 370-e muxliT. eqspertiza iniSneba imisadamiuxedavad aqvs Tu ara proce-
amasTan, Tarjimani Tavisufldeba sisxlis samarTlis pa- sis mwarmoebel pirs Sesabamisi specialuri codna (magal-
suxismgeblobisagan Tu winaswari gamoZiebis procesSi, anda iTad, Tu prokurors aqvs imavdroulad qirurgis kvali-
ganaCenis an sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis gamotanamde fikacia) an Tundac licenzia.
nebayoflobiT ganacxadebs mis mier ganzrax araswori Targ- 2. unda muSaobdes saeqsperto dawesebulebaSi an hqondes
manis Sesaxeb; licenzia_ eqspertizas atarebs saeqsperto anda sxva
_ gamomZieblis an prokuroris nebarTvis gareSe ar dawesebulebis, sawarmos, organizaciis specialisti anda
gaamJRavnos winaswari gamoZiebis masalebi, agreTve cnobebi sxva mcodne piri, romelsac niSnavs gamomZiebeli an proku-
moqalaqeTa piradi cxovrebis Sesaxeb; rori an romelsac anazRaurebiT moiwveven mxareebi.
_ daicvas wesrigi saqmis winaswari gamoZiebisa da sasa- sasamarTlo samedicino da kriminalistikur eqspert-
marTlo sxdomis dros. izas atarebs saeqsperto dawesebulebis, gansakurebul
3. Tarjimans ufleba aqvs: SemTxvevaSi ki _ sxva dawesebulebis specialisti an
_ Targmanis dasazusteblad dausvas SekiTxvebi proce- kerZo piri. safinanso-sabuRaltro eqspertizas atarebs
sis monawileebs; safinanso-sabuRaltro eqsperti. safinanso-sabuRaltro
_ gaecnos misi monawileobiT Catarebuli sagamoZiebo eqspertad SeiZleba dainiSnos nebismieri piri, romelsac
moqmedebis oqms da sasamarTlo sxdomis oqms, gamoTqvas aqvs specialuri codna da gamocdileba safinanso an sabu-
SeniSvnebi, romlebic oqmSi unda iqnes Setanili; Raltro saqmianobaSi, rac dadasturebulia Sesabamis
_ uari Tqvas saqmis warmoebaSi monawileobaze, Tu dargSi umaRlesi ganaTlebis miRebis damadasturebeli
TargmnisaTvis saWiro codna ar gaaCnia_ procesSi monawile sabuTiT, Sesabamisi samuSao gamocdilebiT an Sesabamisi
pirebisatvis arakeTilsindisieri TargmniT zianis miyenebis dokumentiT (sertifikatiT). mas ara aqvs ufleba
safrTxis gaTvaliswinebiT, vfiqrobT es Tarjimnis mova- monawileoba miiRos ss procesSi Tu meore mxaris moTx-
leoba da ara ufleba unda iyos. ovnis sapasuxod ver waradgens misi specialuri ganaTleb-
is anda samuSao gamocdilebis damadasturebel sabuTs an
eqsperti sertifikats.
konkretuli piris eqspertad daniSnvamde an konkret-
eqspertad piris daniSnvisaTvis igi unda akmayofilebdes
uli saeqsperto dawesebulebaSi eqspertizis daniSnvamde
or kriteriums:
procesis mwarmoebeli piri unda dawmundes rom konkre-
1. unda hqondes specialuri codna _ specialuri
tuli saeqsperto kvlevis Catarebis uflebamosileba,
codna moicavs da SeiZleba exebodes nebismier sferos _
teqnikuri SesaZlebloba da Sesabamisi codna gaaCnia konk-
mecnierebas, teqnikas, xelovnebas, xelobis calkeul saxeebs.
retul saeqsperto dawesebulebas an Sesabamisad konkretul

302 303
eqsperts. garkveuli specialuri wesebis dacvis sakiTxis dadgena_
miuxedavd imisa, rom sssk iTvaliswinebs eqspertizis magaliTad samSeneblo wesebis / normativebis, sabuRaltro
daniSvnas saeqsperto dawesebulebaSi eqsperti SeiZleba aRricxvis, moZraobis usafrTxoebis da aA.S.
iyos mxolod fizikuri piri da ara saeqsperto daweseb- sisxlis samarTlis procesSi eqspertis mowvevis wina-
uleba an iuridiuli piri. pirobaa:
eqsperti aris piri, romelsac aqvs specialuri codna 1. faqtobrivi safuZvlebi _ sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze
mecnierebis, teqnikis, xelovnebis an xelobis dargSi da ukve Sekrebili mtkicebulebebi, romlebic warmoSobs raime
romelic gamomZiebelma, prokurorma an sasamarTlom, bral- faqtobrivi garemoebis gadamowmebis saWiroebas da amasTan
debulma, damcvelma, dazaralebulma daniSna specialuri aseTi gadamowmebisaTvis aucilebelia mecnierebis, teqnikis
gamokvlevis Casatareblad da sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze xelovnebis da sxva saTanado dargis specialistis mier
saWiro garemoebaTa Sesaxeb daskvnis Sesadgenad. Sesabamisi kvlevis Catareba (daskvna).
eqspertad SeiZleba dainiSnos nebismieri piri, romel- eqsperizis Catarebis winapiroba ar SeiZleba iyos re-
sac aqvs specialuri codna, muSaobs saeqsperto daweseb- vizia. eqspertizis daniSvnisa da CatarebisTvis aucilebeli
ulebaSi an aqvs licenzia. ar aris amave sakiTxze jer reviziis Catareba, Tumca akrZa-
eqspertis daskvna ar unda scildebodes eqspertis lulic ar aris rom jer Catardes revizia da Semdeg _
specialuri codnis farglebs. Sesabamisad, dauSvebelia eqspertiza im pirobiT rom eqspertizis Catarebis faqto-
saeqsperto kvlevis Catareba samarTlebriv sakiTxebze brivi (mtkicebulebiTi) safuZveli ar iqneba mxolod re-
(magaliTad braleulobis Tu udanaSaulobis, kvalifikaci- viziis aqti, xolo eqspertizis mizani _ mxolod reviziis
is da a.S. sakiTxebi), rac specialurad sagamoZiebo da aqtiT dadgenili garemoebebis gadamowmeba.
sasamarTlo organoebis kompetenciaa. eqsperts ara aqvs ss procesSi eqspertis mowvevis mizania saeqsperto
ufleba samarTlebrivi sakiTxebis gadawyvetisa (magaliTad kvlevis safuZvelze saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone gare-
msjeloba, daskvna imis Taobaze adgili hqonda mkvlelobas moebebis dadgena.
Tu TviTmkvleolobas) maSinac ki Tu aseTi sakiTxi mis 2. formaluri safuZvlebi:
winaSe iqna dasmuli procesis mwarmoebeli organos an _ eqspertizis daniSvnis Sesaxeb gamomZieblis, proku-
procesis sxva monawilis mier. mas ufleba aqvs gadawyvitos roris, mosamarTlis dadgenileba;
mxolod sakiTxebi, romlebic saWiroeben specialur codnas, _ mxaris SeTanxmeba eqspertTan /saeqsperto daweseb-
magaliTad dazianeba miyenebuli iqna dazaralebulis mier ulebasTan alternatiuli eqspertizis Catarebis Sesaxeb.
Tu sxva piris mier, gardacvalebis mizezis dadgena da a.S eqspertis daskvnis mopovebis ufleba aqvs mxaresac.
xolo kvalifikaciis sakiTxs eqspertis daskvnis da sxva mxaris moTxovniT eqspertiza tardeba specialuri codnis
mtkicebulebTa safuZvelze wyvets procesis mwarmoebeli mqone pirTan da im dawesebulebasTan SeTanxmebiT, sadac
piri. eqspertizis daniSvnis mizani SeiZleba iyos aseve igi muSaobs. dacvis mier Catarebul eqspertizas saxelm-

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wifo ar anazRaurebs. organom, romelic process awarmoebs, woreze. E yalbi daskvnisaTvis eqsperti pasuxs agebs
mxares unda warudginos nivTieri mtkicebulebani da saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 370-e muxliT-
saeqsperto gamokvlevis sxva obieqtebi, garda im SemTxveve- eqspertis Tavisufldeba sisxlis samarTlis pasuxismge-
bisa, roca isini unda gadaeces gamomZieblis, prokuroris blobisagan Tu igi winaswari gamoZiebis procesSi, an gan-
an sasamarTlos mier daniSnul eqsperts. mxares ufleba aCenis an sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis gamotanamde
aqvs moiTxovos saeqsperto komisiis Seqmna, romlis Semad- nebayoflobiT ganucxadebs mis mier yalbi daskvnis micemis
genlobaSic SeiZleba Sevides mis mier SeTavazebuli Sesaxeb procesis mwarmoebel organos.
eqsperti. am SemTxvevaSi mxare eqspertis daskvnas warudgens eqsperti daskvnas adgens mis mier ganxorcielebuli
gamomZiebels, prokurors an sasamarTlos da moiTxovs mis kvlevis Sedegad. eqsperti iZleva daskvnas im sakiTxebze
monawileobas saqmis Semdgom warmoebaSi. romelTa dasadgenad saWiroa ara mxolod specialuri
eqsperti valdebulia: codnis qona, aramed specialuri codnis gamoyenebiT kvle-
a) gamocxaddes gamomZieblis, prokuroris, sasamarTlos vis Catareba. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi Tu sakiTxis gadasaw-
gamoZaxebiT; _ procesis mwarmoebeli organos moTxovna yvetad sakmarisia mxolod specialuri codna, eqspertiza
eqspertad daniSnuli piris gamoZaxebis da mis mier eqsper- ar iniSneba da eqsperti ar moiwveva. magaliTad garkveuli
tizis Catarebis Sesaxeb savaldebuloa Sesasruleblad nivTierebis dnobis temperatura, avtosatransporto saSu-
specialuri codnis mqone pirisatvis, aseve Sesabamisi alebis konkretuli markis Tavisebureba da a.S) dgindeba
dawesebulebis xelmZRvanelisaTvis, sadac muSaobs es piri. ara saeqsperto kvlevis ganxorcielebis gziT, aramed Se-
amasTan, eqspertis mier gamocxadebaze an masze dakisrebu- sabamisi dawesebulebidan informaciis gamoTxovis an mow-
li movaleobis Sesrulebaze uaris Tqmis SemTxvevaSi mas meTa dakiTxvis gziT. swored amiT gansxvavdeba eqsperti
daekisreba fuladi jarima 500 laris odenobiT. misi xe- specialistisagan.
lmeored arasaptio mizeziT gamoucxadeblobis SemTxvevaSi d) kanoniT dadgenili wesiT daicvas da daabrunos kv-
igi iZulebiT iqneba moyvanili, rac mas ar anTavisuflebs levis obieqtebi;
gamoucxadeblobisaTvis dakisrebuli 500 laramde odenobis e) procesis mwarmoebeli organos nebarTvis gareSe ar
jarimis gadaxdis movaleobisagan. gaamJRavnos winaswari gamoZiebis masalebi da cnobebi mo-
b) misces Cveneba Catarebul eqspertizasTan dakavSire- qalaqeTa piradi cxovrebis Sesaxeb, romlebic misTvis
biT winaswari gamoZiebisas an sasamarTlo ganxilvis cnobili gaxda;
dros; v) ganacxados TviTacileba, Tu arsebobs 106-e muxlSi
g) misces dasabuTebuli da obieqturi werilobiTi miTiTebuli safuZveli.
daskvna dasmul sakiTxebze-eqsperti daskvnas iZleva saku- eqspertis mier gacemuli daskvnis obieqturobis da
Tari saxeliT da Tavisi Sinagani rwmenis safuZvelze Dda miukerZoeblobis uzrunvelyofis mizniT sssk iTvaliwinebs
piradad ekisreba pasuxismgebloba gacemuli daskvnis sis- eqspertis acilebas im SemTxvevaSi Tu:

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1. gamovlinda misi profesiuli arakompetenturoba_ Tu Suamdgomloba procesis mwarmoebeli Sesabamisi piris/
gamokvlevis dawyebamde eqsperti darwmunda rom mis organos winaSe.
winaSe dasmuli sakiTxebis gadawyvetisaTvis mas ar g) uari Tqvas daskvnis micemaze an eqspertizis Semdgom
hyofnis codna man unda Seadginos aqti eqspertizis gagrZelebaze, Tu dasmuli sakiTxebi scildeba misi
Catarebis SeuZleblobis Sesaxeb da gaugzavnos eqsper- specialuri codnis farglebs an Tu misTvis wardge-
tizis damniSvnel pirs. nili masalebi sakmarisi ar aris daskvnis misacemad;
2. igi samsaxurebrivad an sxvagvarad aris damokidebuli d) gamomZieblis, prokuroris, sasamarTlos (mosamarTlis)
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi monawile amaTuim pirze; nebarTviT daeswros sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebas
3. mas naTesauri kavSiri aqvs maTTan. da dasakiTx pirebs dausvas SekiTxvebi, romlebic eqsper-
eqspertis saxiT ar unda iyos mowveuli arc is piri tizis sagans ganekuTvneba;
visac konkretul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi monawile e) sasamarTlo sxdomaze monawileoba miiRos eqspertizis
pirTan piradi, samsaxurebrivi Tu sxvagvari damokideb- sagans mikuTvnebul mtkicebulebaTa kvlevaSi da sasa-
ulebis gamo SeuZliaT procesis mwarmoebel organos marTlos nebarTviT SekiTxvebi dausvas dasakiTx
miawodon informacia saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone gare- pirebs;
moebebze da Sesabamisad SeiZleba mowveuli iqnen mowmis v) Camoayalibos daskvna ara marto dasmul sakiTxebze,
saxiT. magaliTad, dazaralebulis mkurnali eqimi (mkvlelo- aramed eqspertizis sagans mikuTvnebul sxva sakiTxebze-
bis an sxeulis dazianebis saqmeze). igi SeiZleba mowveuli dac, romelTa gamoc misTvis ar dausvamT kiTxvebi;
iqnes mowmed, magram miyenebuli dazianebebis xaisTis, z) Seadginos daskvna da misces Cveneba mSobliur enaze, Tu
simZimis, maTi warmoSobis da a.S. saeqsperto kvlevisaTvis man ar icis samarTalwarmoebis ena, isargeblos Tar-
mowveuli unda iqnes sxva piri. jimnis momsaxurebiT;
rogorc wesi, eqspertTa saqmeSi mowvevamde ara aqvs T) gamomZieblis moqmedebebi da dadgenilebebi gaasaCivros
da arc unda hqondes informacia im saqmis garemoebebis prokurorTan, xolo prokuroris moqmedeba – zemdgom
Taobaze, romelTan dakavSirebiTac awarmoebs eqspertizas. prokurorTan;
igi am garemoebebs ecnoba saqmeSi mowvevis Semdeg da im i) gaecnos sasamarTlo sxdomis oqmis im nawils, romelic
moculobiT rac mas sWirdeba daskvnisaTvis. mis mier Catarebul eqspertizas exeba, da moiTxovos
eqsperts ufleba aqvs: masSi cvlilebebisa da damatebebis Setana;
a) gaecnos eqspertizisaTvis saWiro saqmis masalebs da k) gaakeTos gancxadeba misi daskvnis araswori interpre-
amoiweros saWiro cnobebi an gadaiRos aslebi; taciis Sesaxeb.
b) moiTxovos damatebiTi masalebis wardgena_ eqsperts sisxlis samarTlis procesSi eqspertis samarTlebrivi
ara aqvs ufleba TviTon Seagrovos kvlevis obieqtebi statusi garkveulwilad moicavs mowmis da specialistis
da masalebi. aseTis saWiroebisas man unda ganacxados niSnebsac, magram imavdroulad mniSvnelovnad gansxvavdeba

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maTgan: eqspertis dakiTxvisas marTalia masze vrcelde- gascems gankargulebas imis Taobaze, Tu am dawesebulebis
boda mowmis dakiTxvisaTvis dadgenili wesebi, magram TanamSromelTagan romeli unda gaigzavnos specialistad,
dakiTxvis sagani gansxvavebulia-erT SemTxvevaSi es aris rasac acnobebs gamomZiebels, prokurors an sasamarTlos.
mowmisaTvis cnobili garemoebebi, xolo meore SemTxvevaSi specialisti valdebulia:
eqspertis mier warmoebuli kvleva. mowmis procesSi _ gamocxaddes gamomZieblis, prokuroris, sasamarTlos
mowveva xdeba imisaTvis rom procesis mwarmoebel organos gamoZaxebiT;
Seatyobinos misTvis cnobili saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone _ monawileoba miiRos sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catare-
garemoebebi, eqsperti saqmesTan dakavSirebul informacias basa da sasamarTlo ganxilvaSi;
iRebs procesis mwarmoebeli organosgan procesSi misi _ gamoiyenos samecniero-teqnikuri saSualebebi, spe-
mowvevis Semdeg. mowme procesis Seucvleli subieqtia, cialuri codna da gamocdileba mtkicebulebaTa aRmo-
eqsperti-ara. miuxedavad imisa, rom eqsperti iseve rogorc Cenisa da damagrebisaTvis;
specialisti specialuri codnis mqone piria, procesSi _ gamomZieblis, prokurorisa da sasamarTlos yuradReba
maTi monawileobis miznebi gansxvavebulia. specialistis miapyros garemoebebs, romlebsac mniSvneloba aqvT saqmeze
mizania daxmareba aRmouCinos procesis mwarmoebel organos WeSmaritebis dasadgenad, misces ganmartebani mis mier Ses-
mtkicebulebaTa aRmoCenaSi, damagrebaSi da demonstrire- rulebul moqmedebaTa gamo;
baSi. xolo eqspertis-saeqsperto kvlevis gziT daskvnis _ gamomZieblis an prokuroris nebarTvis gareSe ar
micema mis winaSe dasmul sakiTxebze. gaamJRavnos winaswari gamoZiebis masalebi, agreTve cnobebi
moqalaqeTa piradi cxovrebis Sesaxeb;
specialisti _ daicvas wesrigi saqmis winaswari gamoZiebisa da sasa-
marTlo sxdomis dros.
specialisti saWiro daxmarebas uwevs gamomZiebels,
Tu specialisti uars ityvis an Tavs aaridebs Tavis
prokurorsa da sasamarTlos mtkicebulebaTa aRmoCenaSi,
movaleobaTa Sesrulebas arasapatio mizeziT, mas SeiZleba
damagrebasa da demonstrirebaSi. magaliTad nimuSis aReba
daekisros fuladi saxdeli 203-e muxliT dadgenili
saeqsperto kvlevisaTvis. specialistad SeiZleba gamoiZax-
wesiT.
on kriminalisti, eqimi, fsiqologi, pedagogi da sxva
specialists ufleba aqvs:
pirebi, romlebsac aqvT saWiro codna da Cvevebi. magaliTad
_ gaecnos sagamoZiebo moqmedebisa da sasamarTlo ganx-
dros teqnikuri aparaturis (magnitofoni, videomagnito-
ilvis oqmebs;
foni, foto- da video-, sxva aparatebi) gamoyenebis mizniT
_ icodes, ra mizniT gamoiZaxes igi;
SeiZleba gamoiZaxon specialist-operatori.
_ uari ganacxados saqmeSi monawileobaze, Tu ar gaaCnia
specialisti SeiZleba mowveul iqnes Sesabamisi dawese-
saTanado codna;
bulebidan. am SemTxvevaSi dawesebulebis xelmZRvaneli
_ oqmSi Sesatanad gaakeTos gancxadeba da SeniSvna im

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saproceso moqmedebaze, romlis CatarebaSic igi monawileob- is piri, romelsac sssk miniWebuli aqvs ufleba ar misces
da; Cveneba eWvmitanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis sawinaaRm-
_ gamomZieblis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis nebarTviT degod. kerZod, mSobeli, Svilad mayvani, da, Zma, Svili,
SekiTxvebi dausvas sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebasa da Svilobili, papa, bebia, SviliSvili, meuRle (ganqorwineb-
sasamarTlo ganxilvaSi monawile pirebs; ulic).
_ mowmesTan SedarebiT eqsperts sisxlis samarTlis damswre moiwveva Cxrekis, amoRebis an SemTxvevis adgi-
procesSi ufro aqtiuri procesualuri mdgomareoba ukavia. lis daTvalierebis Catarebis faqtis, mimdinareobisa da
Mmas ufleba aqvs gaecnos gaecnos sagamoZiebo moqmedebisa Sedegebis dasadastureblad, agreTve sssk pirdapir dadge-
da sasamarTlo ganxilvis oqmebs nil SemTxvevebSi.
sssk iTvalisiwnebs specialistis acilebis safuZvlebs, eWvmitanils, braldebuls an gansasjels Sesabamisi
romlis Tanaxmad, specialists ufleba ara aqvs monawileo- sagamoZiebo moqmedebis dawyebamde moTxovnis SemTxvevaSi,
ba miiRos sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebaSi, roca: damswris mosawvevad miecema gonivruli vada, magram aranak-
_ samsaxurebrivad an sxvagvarad damokidebulia saqmeSi leb erTi saaTisa. magram gadaudebel SemTxvevaSi, Tundac
monawile ama Tu im pirze an/da naTesauri urTierToba aqvs piri iTxovdes damswris mowvevas, sagamoZiebo moqmedebis
masTan. Catareba SesaZlebelia damswris gareSe. aseT SemTxvevaSi
_ Tu gamovlindeba maTi profesiuli arakompetentur- sagamoZiebo moqmedebis oqmSi unda aRiniSnos rom piri iTx-
oba. ovda damswris mowvevas, magram mas uari eTqva gadaudebeli
aucileblobis safuZvliT. sssk gadaudebeli aucileblobis
damswre SemTxvevebs akuTvnebs viTarebas, rodesac arsebobs:
_ adamianis sicocxlis xelyofis;
sssk 44-e muxlis Tanaxmad damswre aris eWvmitanilis,
_ adamianis janmrTelobis xelyofis;
braldebulis an gansasjelis, aseve sss kodeqsiT pirdapir
_ mtkicebulebaTa dazianeba-ganadgurebis;
dadgenil SemTxvevebSi mowveuli piri.
_ mtkicebulebaTa gadamalvis realuri safrTxe; an
procesSi damswris saxiT mosawvevi piris SerCevis
_ sss kodeqsiT pirdapir gaTvaliswinebul SemTxveveb-
ufleba eniWeba eWvnitanils, braldebls, gansasjels, aseve
Si.
pirs romelic ar aris eWvmitanili, braldebuli, gansasa-
safrTxis aRmofxvrisTanave eWvmitanili da braldebu-
jeli, magram SeiZleba Seexos Sesabamisi sagamoZiebo moq-
li, kvlav sargebloben damswris mowvevis uflebiT. magal-
medeba (magaliTad Cxreka, amoReba) maT ufleba aqvT uari
iTad Cxrekis/amoRebis SemTxvevaSi _ Sesabamisi sagnis da-
ganacxadon damswris mowvevaze.
Zebnvis da amoRebis Semdeg sagamoZiebo moqmedebis oqmSi
damswre ar SeiZleba SerCeuli iqnes procesis mwar-
kvlav unda dafiqsirdes piris pozicia damswris mowvevas-
moebeli piris mier. damswred ar SeiZleba mowveuli iqnes
Tan dakavSirebiT.

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damswre valdebulia: $11. sisxlis samarTlis procesSi monawileobis
_ monawileoba miiRos sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catare- gamomricxavi garemoebani. acileba
baSi;
_ sagamoZiebo moqmedebis oqmze xelmoweriT daadas- sisxlis samarTlis procesSi im garemoebebis arseboba,
turos am moqmedebis Catarebis faqti, misi mimdinareoba romlebic gamoricxaven procesSi garkveuli subieqtebis
da Sedegebi; monawileobas _ uzrunvelyofen sisxlis samarTlis saqmis
_ gamomZieblis an prokuroris nebarTvis gareSe ar srulyofilad, yovelmxriv da obieqturad gamoZiebas da
gaamJRavnos winaswari gamoZiebis masalebi. sasamarTloSi ganxilvasa da gadawyvetas. saqarTvelos
Tu damswre uars ityvis an Tavs aaridebs Tavis mova- sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 105-e muxlis Ta-
leobaTa Sesrulebas arasapatio mizeziT, mas SeiZleba naxmad: `mosamarTle, prokurori, gamomZiebeli an sasa-
daekisros fuladi jarima 500 laramde odenobiT. damswre marTlo sxdomis mdivani monawileobas ver miiRebs sisxlis
SeiZleba daikiTxos, rogorc mowme, im sagamoZiebo moqmede- samarTlis saqmis warmoebaSi, Tu qvemoT CamoTvlili ga-
bis CatarebasTan dakavSirebul garemoebaTa Sesaxeb, romel- remoebebidan erT-erTi mainc aris saxeze. magaliTad:
Sic igi monawileobda. am SemTxvevaSi mas aqvs mowmis a) igi ar iyo Tanamdebobaze daniSnuli an arCeuli
ufleba-movaleobebi magram mowmisagan gansxvavebiT. kanoniT dadgenili wesiT; aq igulisxmeba is garemoeba,
damswres ufleba aqvs: rodesac mosamarTles, prokurors, gamomZiebels ar hqonda
_ monawileoba miiRos sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catare- umaRlesi iuridiuli ganaTleba, ar CaubarebiaT sakvali-
baSi; fikacio gamocdebi, an ar floben saxelmwifo enas. daniS-
_ gaakeTos gancxadeba sagamoZiebo moqmedebis gamo da nuli an arCeuli iyvnen arakompetenturi organos an pire-
gamoTqvas SeniSvna, romelic oqmSi unda iqnes Setanili; bis mier, mosamarTles an gnebavT prokurors gauvidaT
_ gaecnos misi monawileobiT Catarebuli sagamoZiebo uflebamosilebis vada da a.S. rac Seexeba sasamarTlo sx-
moqmedebis oqms. domis mdivans, misi monawileoba gamoiricxeba sisxlis sa-
marTlis procesSi Tu igi ar aris daniSnuli kompetenturi
Tanamdebobis piris mier (Sesabamisi sasamarTlos Tavmjdo-
mare).
b) saqme ar aris am prokuroris an gamomZieblis qvemde-
bare anda sasamarTlos gansjadi; aq saubaria garemoebaze,
rodesac sisxlis samarTlis saqme qvemdabarea prokuraturis
gamomZieblis, magaliTad: sisxlis samarTlis saqme saqarT-
velos prezidentis mier Cadenili danaSaulis Taobaze, an
saqarTvelos parlamentis wevris mier Cadenili danaSaulis

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Taobaze, an saqarTvelos mTavrobis wevris mier Cadenili roceso saqmianobis dros miukerZoebloba da obieqturoba
danaSaulis Taobaze da a.S. da masze gamoZiebas daiwyebs unda SeinarCunon prokurormac, gamomZiebelmac, sasamarTlo
saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministros an saqarTvelos ius- sxdomis mdivanmac. nebismieri garemoeba, romelic eWvis qveS
ticiis saministros sagamoZiebo danayofis gamomZiebeli, aseve ayenebs zemoT xsenebuli pirebis miukerZoeblobas, obieq-
saproceso xelmZRvanelobas ganaxorcielebs is prokurori, turobas, safuZveli unda gaxdes maTi acilebisa, sisxlis
romelic ar iyo uflebamosili aRniSnul saqmeze yofiliyo samarTlis saqmis warmoebidan Camocilebisa.
prokurori. raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos gansjadia sisxlis samarTlis procesSi principulad miuRebelia
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebi mis samoqmedo teritoriaze procesis romelime monawilem, mniSvneloba ara aqvs es
Cadenil yvela kategoriis danaSaulze. magaliTad, danaSauli, iqneba mosamarTle, prokurori, gamomZiebeli, sasamarTlo
romelic moxda siRnaRis raionis teritoriaze, sisxlis sxdomis mdivani SeiTavsos sxvadasxva saproceso roli. ase
samarTlis saqme unda ganixilos siRnaRis raionis sasamarT- magaliTad, Tu piri monawileobs an winaT monawileobda
lom da ara gurjaanis raionis sasamarTlom da a.S. sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi, rogorc eqsperti, special-
g) sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebaSi ver miiRebs isti, an dazaralebuli, samoqalaqo mosarCele an samo-
monawileobas mosamarTle, prokurori, gamomZiebeli, sasa- qalaqo mopasuxe da a.S. is imave saqmeze ver iqneba gamomZie-
marTlo sxdomis mdivani, Tu isini mocemul saqmeSi beli da veRar ganaxorcielebs gamoZiebis funqcias, aseve,
monawileoben an winaT monawileobdnen, rogorc eWvmita- ver iqneba prokurori da veRar ganaxorcielebs sisxlis-
nili, braldebuli, damcveli, dazaralebuli, samoqalaqo samarTlebrivi devnis funqcias, iseve rogorc, ver iqneba
mosarCele, samoqalaqo mopasuxe, eqsperti, specialisti, mosamarTle da ver ganaxorcielebs marTlmsajulebas, aseve,
Tarjimani, damswre, mowme, anda braldebulis, eWvmitanilis, ver iqneba mocemul saqmeze sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivanic.
dazaralebulis, samoqalaqo mosarCelis an samoqalaqo mo- ufro metic, Tu piri Semswre iyo danaSaulis faqtisa,
pasuxis kanonieri warmomadgeneli. kanonmdeblis aRniSnuli magram igi ar daukiTxavT rogorc mowme, mas ar SeuZlia
akrZalva ver miiRos mosamarTlem, prokurorma, gamomZie- mocemul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze iyos gamomZiebeli,
belma, sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivanma sisxlis samarTlis prokurori, mosamarTle, sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivani, imi-
saqmeSi monawileoba (e.i. ganxorcieldes maTi acileba), Tu tom, rom rCeba albaToba imisa, gamoiZaxon da dakiTxon,
isini aRniSnuli CamonaTvalis romelime saxiT iReben an mowmis statusiT.
iRebdnen monawileobas saqmeSi misaRebia, ramdenadac igi d) mosamarTle, prokurori, gamomZiebeli, sasamarTlo
nasazrdoebia sisxlis samarTlis saqmis miukerZoeblad sxdomis mdivani ver miiRebs sisxlis samarTlis saqmis
gamoZiebisa da sasamarTloSi ganxilvis interesebiT. warmoebaSi monawileobas (moxdeba acileba) Tu mas aqvs
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi garantirebuli unda iyos naTesauri, megobruli an sxva axlobluri urTierToba
mosamarTlis damoukidebloba da miukerZoebloba marTlm- saqmis mwarmoebel Tanamdebobis pirTan an saqmeSi monawile
sajulebis ganxorcielebis dros, amave dros Tavisi sap- eWvmitanilTan, braldebulTan, damcvelTan, dazaralebul-

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Tan, samoqalaqo mosarCelesTan, samoqalaqo mopasuxesTan, mosamarTlis, prokuroris, gamomZieblis, sasamarTlo sx-
eqspertTan, specialistTan, TarjimanTan, damswresTan, domis mdivnis nacnoboba, amxanagoba, an piriqiT mtruli
mowmesTan, anda braldebulis, eWvmitanilis, dazaralebu- damokidebuleba (warsulSi mosamarTles konfliqti hqonda
lis, samoqalaqo mosarCelis, samoqalaqo mopasuxis kanon- saqmeSi monawile dazaralebulTan, an saqmeSi monawile
ier warmomadgenelTan. aseve, Tu naTesauri an sxva ax- prokurors da imave saqmeSi braldebul pirovnebas erTi
lobluri erTierToba aqvT erTmaneTSi sisxlis samarTlis gogo uyvardaT da is gogo colad gahyva braldebuls da
saqmeSi monawile mosamarTles, prokurors, gamomZiebels, a.S.). TavianTi saproceso saqmianobis dros mosamarTles,
sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivans. naTesauri kavSiris arseboba prokurors, gamomZiebels, sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivans
zemoT CamoTvlil subieqtebs Soris seriozuli safuZvelia sifrTxile marTebT. ase magaliTad, marTlmsajulebis in-
imisaTvis, rom eWvi gaCndes mosamarTlis, prokuroris, teresebidan gamomdinare, mosamarTlem sasamarTloSi saqmis
gamomZieblis, sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivnis miukerZoebloba- ganxilvis dros Tavi unda Seikavos yovelgvari Sefasebe-
Si, obieqturobaSi. miuxedavad imisa, isini Sinaganad Sei- bisagan da daskvnebisagan, raTa romelime mxares safuZveli
Zleba sulac ar fiqrobdnen saqmis mikerZoebulad gadaw- ar gauCndes mosamarTle miiCnios araobieqturad da miuk-
yvetas. kanonmdeblis mxridan naTesaoba farTodaa gagebuli, erZoeblad. Tu mosamarTle sasamarTloSi saqmis arsebiTi
igi ar aris SezRuduli axlo naTesavebis wriT. masSi ganxilvis dros akeTebs daskvnebs, iZleva Sefasebebs, es
moiazreba nebismieri xarisxis naTesauri kavSiri. usaTuod gaxdeba misi acilebis safuZveli.
mosamarTlis, prokuroris, gamomZieblis, sasamarTlo saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
sxdomis mdivnis mimarT, rodesac eWvi Cndeba maTi miuker- 105-e muxlis meore da mesame nawilSi kanonmdebeli sau-
Zoeblobisa da obieqturobis Sesaxeb, megobruli an sxva brobs kidev iseTi garemoebebis Sesaxeb, romelTa arsebobis
axlobluri urTierTobis gamo, acilebis (TviTacilebis) SemTxvevaSidac mosamarTle monawileobas ver miiRebs sisx-
sakiTxi moiTxovs gansakuTrebul dasabuTebas. megobrul lis samarTlis saqmis warmoebaSi. kerZod ki, Tu mosa-
urTierTobaSi naTelia rac igulisxmeba, sxva axloblur marTle winaT monawileobas iRebda sisxlis samarTlis
urTierTobaSi igulisxmeba zemoT aRniSnul subieqtebs saqmis warmoebaSi, rogorc gamomZiebeli, prokurori an
Soris xangrZlivi drois ganmavlobaSi ojaxebiT axlob- sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivani, es ukve safuZvelia imisa, rom
loba, an saswavlo dawesebulebaSi erTad swavla da a.S. man imave saqmis ganxilvaSi monawileoba ver miiRos (moxdes
e) aris sxva garemoebebi, romlebic eWvs badebs mosa- acileba an TviTacileba), rogorc mosamarTlem.
marTlis, prokuroris, gamomZieblis, sasamarTlo sxdomis aseve, Tu mosamarTle monawileobda pirveli instanci-
mdivnis obieqturobasa da miukerZoeblobaSi. aseTi gare- is sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis arsebiT ganx-
moebebi SeiZleba uamravi iyos, Znelia maTi amomwuravad ilvaSi, igi monawileobas ver miiRebs meore instanciis
CamoTvla. garkveul maTganze SeiZleba gakeTdes aqcenti. sasamarTloSi an axlad aRmoCenil garemoebaTa da axlad
magaliTad, es SeiZleba iyos saqmeSi monawile pirisadmi gamovlenil garemoebaTa gamo imave saqmis ganxilvaSi.

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zemoT aRniSnuli miTiTebebi, romelTa arsebobis SemTx- funqciebis ganxorcieleba samarTalwarmoebis arc erT
vevaSi mosamarTle monawileobas ver iRebs sisxlis samar- stadiaze ar abrkolebs am saqmeSi mis Semdgom monawileobas~,
Tlis ganxilvaSi, nakarnaxevia saqmis miukerZoeblad ganx- rac sworia da logikuri. ramdenadac prokurori konkre-
ilvis interesebiT. saqme imaSia, rom Tu mosamarTlem tul pirovnebas usabuTebs ra wardgenil braldebas, ga-
gansaxilvel sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan dakavSirebiT naxorcielebs sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis funqcias, mas
erTxel mainc gamoTqva Tavisi Sexeduleba, met-naklebad mosamarTlis msgavsad ar moeTxoveba gaurbodes sakuTari
erTguli rCeba winandeli Sexedulebisa gadasawyvet sakiTx- azrebis gamoTqmas saqmis saboloo gadawyvetamde. mTavaria,
Tan dakavSirebiT. aris pirovnuli momentic, xSirad adami- rom braldebis Taobaze sakuTari azris gamoTqmis dros,
ans uWirs Secdomis aRiareba. prokurori xelmZRvanelobdes arabraleulobis (udanaSau-
Tumca garkveul SemTxvevaSi, kanonmdebeli SesaZleblad lobis) prezumfciis principiT.
miiCnevs mosamarTlis monawileobas erTsa da imave sisxlis rac Seexeba gamomZiebels, igi monawileobas ver miiRebs
samarTlis saqmis ganxilvaSi. magaliTad, mosamarTlem im saqmis warmoebaSi, romelic mis mier iqna gamoZiebuli
monawileoba miiRo saqmis sakasacio wesiT ganxilvaSi, es da dabrunda damatebiTi gamoZiebisaTvis, Tu amas ganCinebiT
garemoeba ar gamoricxavs mis monawileobas imave saqmis (dadgenilebiT) aucileblad miiCnevs sasamarTlo (mosa-
ganxilvaSi saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos did pal- marTle), an Tu aseT gadawyvetilebas miiRebs prokurori.
ataSi. aseve, mosamarTlis monawileobas sisxlis samarTlis gamomZiebels Tavisi saproceso mdgomareobidan gamomdinare
saqmis ganxilvaSi ver Seabrkolebs (ar iqneba acileba, SeuZlia sakmaod didi zemoqmedeba moaxdinos sisxlis sa-
TviTacilebis safuZveli) is garemoeba, Tu imave saqmeze marTlis saqmis gamoZiebis mimdinareobaze da Sedegze, ami-
winaswari gamoZiebisas gadawyvita braldebulis mimarT tom misi obieqturobisa da miukerZoeblobis SesanarCune-
sisxlis saproceso samarTlebrivi iZulebis RonisZiebis blad gamomZieblis acilebis institutis arseboba mniS-
gamoyenebis sakiTxi (mag. dapatimrebis, giraos da a.S.), an vnelovani saproceso garantiaa gamoZiebisa da saerTod
sasamarTlo kontrols daqvemdebarebuli sagamoZiebo moq- sisxlis samarTlis procesis kanonierad warmoebisaTvis.
medebebis (Cxreka, amoReba, sacxovrebeli binis an sxva saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
mflobelobis daTvaliereba) Casatareblad gasca nebarTva 106-e muxli gvawodebs sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi eqspertis,
(brZaneba). igulisxmeba, rom zemoT xsenebuli sakiTxebis specialistis an Tarjimnis monawileobis gamomricxvel ga-
gadawyvetisas mosamarTle saqmes arsebiTad ar ganixilavs, remoebebs. eqsperti an specialisti ver miiRebs monawileobas
ar gamoTqvams azrs konkretuli piris braluelobis Ses- (misi acilebis, TviTacilebis safuZveli iqneba) sisxlis
axeb. samarTlis saqmis warmoebaSi, roca igi samsaxurebrivad an
prokurorTan mimarTebaSi kanonmdebeli saqarTvelos sxvagvarad damokidebulia saqmeSi monawile ama Tu im pirze
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 105-e muxlis an/da naTesauri urTierToba aqvs masTan. aqve SeiZleba dauma-
meoTxe nawilSi SeniSnavs, rom: `prokuroris mier Tavisi toT, rom eqspertis acilebis safuZveli unda gaxdes isic,

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rodesac eqspertizas atarebs im saeqsperto dawesebulebis genlis acilebis safuZvlebs. kerZod ki, naTqvamia, rom
eqsperti, romlis xelmZRvanelic dainteresebulia sisxlis xsenebuli pirebi ver miiReben monawileobas sisxlis sa-
samarTlis saqmis mimdinareobiT. eqspertis, specialistis marTlis saqmis warmoebaSi, Tu:
acilebis safuZvelia isic, Tu gamovlindeba maTi profesi- a) romelime maTgani winaT monawileobda imave saqmeSi,
uli arakompetenturoba. rogorc mosamarTle, prokurori, gamomZiebeli, sasamarTlo
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi ver miiRebs monawileobas sxdomis mdivani, mowme, eqsperti, specialisti, Tarjimani
safinanso-sabuRaltro eqsperti, Tu meore mxaris moTxovnis an damswre;
sapasuxod is ver waradgens misi specialuri ganaTlebis b) romelime maTgans naTesauri urTierToba aqvs mosa-
an/da samuSao gamocdilebis damadasturebel sabuTs an marTlesTan, prokurorTan, gamomZiebelTan, an sasamarTlo
Sesabamis dokuments (sertifikats). am SemTxvevaSi, safin- sxdomis mdivanTan, romelic monawileobda an monawileobs
anso-sabuRaltro eqspertis daskvna da Cveneba dauSvebel am saqmis gamoZiebasa Tu sasamarTlo ganxilvaSi, anda pir-
mtkicebulebad CaiTvleba saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis Tan, romlis interesebic ewinaaRmdegeba procesis im
saproceso kodeqsis 111-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `g~ monawilis interesebs da romelmac masTan dado SeTanx-
qvepunqtis safuZvelze. meba iuridiuli daxmarebis gawevis Sesaxeb;
pirisaTvis, romelic Cabmulia sisxlis samarTlis g) romelime maTgans ukavia mosamarTlis, prokuroris
saqmeSi, Znelia daicvas Tavisi uflebebi da kanonieri in- an gamomZieblis Tanamdeboba, garda im SemTxvevisa, roca
teresebi, rodesac ar icis an saTanadod ar icis samar- igi Sromisuunaro piris kanonieri warmomadgenelia, anda
Talwarmoebis ena. aqedan gamomdinare naTlad Cans, ramdenad roca dawesebuleba, romelSic igi muSaobs, cnobilia samo-
mniSvnelovania Tarjimnis mxridan Tavisi movaleobis qalaqo mosarCeled an samoqalaqo mopasuxed da is am
keTilsindisierad Sesruleba. saqarTvelos sisxlis samar- dawesebulebis warmomadgenlad gamodis;
Tlis saproceso kodeqsis 106-e muxlis meore nawili d) romelime maTgani daxmarebas uwevs an winaT uwevda
procesis monawiles aZlevs SesaZleblobas Tu gamovlin- pirs, romlis intresebic ewinaaRmdegeba mis mier dasacavi
deba Tarjimnis profesiuli arakompetenturoba ganaxor- braldebulis, eWvmitanilis, dazaralebulis, samoqalaqo
cielos misi acileba. kargi iqneboda kanonmdebels Tar- mosarCelis an samoqalaqo mopasuxis interesebs, romlis
jimnis acilebis safuZvlad, aseve daesaxelebina Tarjimnis warmomadgenelic is aris;
dainteresebuloba saqmis SedegiT. ra Tqma unda Tarjimnis e) dasacavi piri (marwmunebeli) uars ambobs dacvaze
acilebis (TviTacilebis) safuZvelia Tu igi saTanadod ar (warmomadgenlobaze) da uari miRebulia.
flobs enas. damcveli, dazaralebulis, samoqalaqo mosarCelis,
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis samoqalaqo mopasuxis warmomadgeneli icavs ra Tavisi
107-e muxli iTvaliswinebs damcvelis, dazaralebulis, klientis (dasacavi piris, marwmuneblis) kanonier inter-
samoqalaqo mosarCelis an samoqalaqo mopasuxis warmomad- esebs, uwevs mas kvalificirebul iuridiul daxmarebas,

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moeTxoveba iyos obieqturi da garkveulwilad Tavisu- saqmeSi monawile pirebi. procesis mwarmoebel pirebsac
falic. am TavisuflebaSi igulisxmeba is, rom damcveli da aqvT ufleba, miscen erTmaneTs acileba. gancxadeba ac-
zemoT dasaxelebuli subieqtebis warmomadgeneli SeboWili ilebis Sesaxeb unda iyos dasabuTebuli. e.i. miTiTebuli
ar unda iyos mis mier dasacavi eWvmitanilis, braldebulis, unda iyos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsiT gaT-
dazaralebulis, samoqalaqo mosarCelis, samoqalaqo mopa- valiswinebul garemoebaze, romelic gamoricxavs piris
suxis mowinaaRmdege mxaris interesebiT. ase magaliTad, sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi monawileobas da es garemoeba
damcveli, romelmac ikisra valdebuleba sisxlis samarTlis iyos axsnili. pirs, romelsac acileba ganucxades ufleba
saqmeSi daicvas braldebulis kanonieri interesebi, gamov- aqvs acilebis sakiTxis ganxilvamde misces ganmarteba. mo-
linda rom, igi aris amave saqmeSi dazaralebulis biZaS- cemuli msjelobidan gamomdinare SeiZleba iTqvas, rom
vili, an/da amave sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze dazaralebuls sisxlis samarTlis procesi icnobs saqmisagan piris
uwevs an winaT uwevda iuridiul daxmarebas. xsenebuli Camocilebis or gzas: TviTacilebas da acilebas.
garemoebebi damcvels warmoaCens, saproceso saqmianobaSi modiT ganvixiloT, rogoria mosamarTlis acilebis wesi.
SeboWilad da araobieqturad. saboloo jamSi ki, yovelive am wesis Sesaxeb informacias gvaZlevs saqarTvelos sisxlis
es Searyevs ndobis faqtors damcvelsa da mis dasacav samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 108-e muxlis meoTxe nawili.
pirovnebas Soris. gaCndeba bzari, eWvi maT urTierTobaSi, saidanac vgebulobT, rom: Tu sisxlis samarTlis saqmes
rac gaxdeba damcvelis acilebis safuZveli. erTpirovnulad ganixilavs mosamarTle da mas ganucxades
acileba, acilebis sakiTxs wyvets TviTonve, saqmis ganmx-
acilebisa da TviTacilebis gancxadebisa ilveli mosamarTle. acilebis gancxadebis dakmayofilebis
da gadawyvetis wesi SemTxvevaSi mosamarTle saqmes gadascems sasamarTlos Tav-
mjdomares, romelic saqmes gansaxilvelad gadascems sxva
Tuki saxeze iqneba mosamarTlis, prokuroris, gamomZie-
mosamarTles. Tu acileba misces im sasamarTlos mosa-
blis, sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivnis, eqspertis, specialis-
marTles, sadac ar aris am saqmis ganmxilveli sxva mosa-
tis, Tarjimnis, damcvelis, samoqalaqo mosarCelisa da
marTle, sasamarTlos Tavmjdomare saqmes gadaugzavnis
samoqalaqo mopasuxis warmomadgenlebis sisxlis samarTlis
zemdgom sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares. xolo im SemTxvevaSi
saqmeSi monawileobis gamomricxavi garemoebani valdeb-
ki, rodesac sisxlis samarTlis saqmes ganixilavs mosa-
ulni arian ganacxadon TviTacileba. TviTacileba gancxa-
marTleTa kolegiuri Semadgenloba da acileba ganucxades
debuli unda iyos sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebis
romelime mosamarTles, misi acilebis sakiTxs gadawyveten
nebismier etapze, rodesac pirisTvis cnobili gaxdeba im
danarCeni mosamarTleebi im mosamarTlis dauswreblad,
garemoebebis Sesaxeb, romelic ukrZalavs sisxlis samarT-
romelsac acileba misces. aris SemTxveva, roca acilebas
lis saqmeSi monawileobas. Tu zemoT CamoTvlili pirebi
ganucxadeben mosamarTleTa umravlesobas an sasamarTlos
ar ganacxadeben TviTacilebas, maSin maT acilebas moiTxoven
mTel Semadgenlobas. am dros acilebis sakiTxs gadawyvets

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sasamarTlo mTeli SemadgenlobiT, xmebis umravlesobiT. Sevida Suamdgomloba misi acilebis Sesaxeb, igi valdebu-
sasamarTlo praqtika icnobs SemTxvevas, rodesac ac- lia Suamdgomloba gadasawyvetad gadaugzavnos prokurors.
ilebas aZleven raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mTel TviT prokuroris mimarT micemuli acilebis sakiTxs gad-
Semadgenlobas. am dros sisxlis samarTlis saqme, imave awyvets zemdgomi prokurori, xolo sisxlis samarTlis
donis sxva sasamarTloSi warmarTvis sakiTxis gadasaw- saqmis sasamarTloSi ganxilvisas prokuroris acilebis
yvetad, gadaecema Sesabamisi saapelacio sasamarTlos Tav- sakiTxs gadawyvets is sasamarTlo Semadgenloba (mosa-
mjdomares, romelic sisxlis samarTlis saqmis Sesvlidan marTle), romelic saqmes ganixilavs.
5 dReSi wyvets aRniSnul sakiTxs. rac Seexeba winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze Suamdgom-
Tu acilebis safuZvlebi gamovlindeba, acileba SeiZle- lobis ganxilvas eqspertis, specialistis, Tarjimnis,
ba gamoecxados saapelacio sasamarTlos mTel Semadgen- damcvelis, dazaralebulis, samoqalaqo mosarCelis, samo-
lobasac. aseT SemTxvevaSi sisxlis samarTlis saqme, imave qalaqo mopasuxis warmomadgenlebis acilebis Sesaxeb gad-
donis sxva sasamarTloSi warmarTvis sakiTxis gadasawyvetad awyvets saproceso xelmZRvanelobis ganmaxorcielebeli
gadaecema saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares, prokurori. xolo sasamarTlo sxdomaze aRniSnul pirTa
romelic sakiTxs gadawyvets saqmis Sesvlidan 5 dRis gan- acilebis sakiTxs gadawyvets is sasamarTlo Semadgenloba
mavlobaSi. (mosamarTle), romelic ganixilavs sisxlis samarTlis
Tuki gamovlindeba sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivnis ac- saqmes.
ilebis safuZvlebi, mas acileba SeiZleba misces procesis amasTan erTad unda gvaxsovdes, rom winaswari gamoZie-
nebismierma monawilem. misi acilebis sakiTxi Semdegnairad bis stadiaze gancxadebuli acilebis sakiTxi prokurorma
gadawydeba: a) Tu sisxlis samarTlis saqmes ganixilavs unda gadawyvitos Suamdgomlobis Setanidan 24 saaTis gan-
mosamarTleTa kolegiuri Semadgenloba, sasamarTlo sx- mavlobaSi. gancxadebuli acilebis dakmayofilebis an dak-
domis mdivnis acilebis sakiTxs gadawyvets sasamarTlo mayofilebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb, mas gamoaqvs dadgenile-
mTeli SemadgenlobiT, xmebis umravlesobiT; b) Tu sisxlis ba.
samarTlis saqmes ganixilavs mosamarTle erTpirovnulad, sasamarTlo sxdomaze gancxadebuli acilebis sakiTxi
sasamarTlo sxdomis mdivnis acilebis sakiTxs gadawyvets wydeba dauyovnebliv. sasamarTlo Semadgenloba (mosamar-
saqmis ganmxilveli mosamarTle. Tle) uflebamosilia Suamdgomloba acilebis Taobaze
winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze procesis monawileTa gadawyvitos rogorc adgilze TaTbiriT (gadawyvetileba
mxridan Tu daisva sakiTxi gamomZieblis acilebis Taobaze, Seitaneba sasamarTlo sxdomis oqmSi), aseve saTaTbiro
misi acilebis sakiTxs gadawyvets prokurori, romelic oTaxSi. sasamarTlo Semadgenlobas acilebis dakmayofileb-
winaswar gamoZiebaSi monawileobs, rogorc saproceso xe- is an dakmayofilebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb gamoaqvs ganCine-
lmZRvaneli. gamomZiebeli damoukideblad ar wyvets mis ba, xolo mosamarTles dadgenileba.
mimarT gancxadebuli acilebis sakiTxs. Tu uSualod masTan

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$12. sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawileTa specialuri RonisZiebebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb Rebulobs
dacvis specialuri RonisZiebani sasamarTlo da prokurori.
kanonSi or jgufad aris CamoTvlili dacvis special-
saqarTvelos moqmedi konstitucia amkvidrebs adamianis, uri RonisZiebebis saxeebi imisda mixedviT, Tu vin Rebulobs
moqalaqis, pirovnebis primats da misi sicocxlis, janm- gadawyvetilebas misi gamoyenebis Sesaxeb. kerZod, saqarT-
rTelobis, pativisa da Rirsebis dacvas, misi xelSeuxeblo- velos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 109 1-e,
bisa da usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofas aniWebs prioritets muxlis Tanaxmad mosamarTle uflebamosilia gamoiyenos
da miiCnevs umaRles socialur Rirebulebad. procesis monawileTa dacvis specialuri RonisZiebebis
marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis sferoSi samarT- Semdegi saxeebi:
lebrivi saxelmwifos ideis realizacia gulisxmobs iseTi a) sajaro reestridan an sxva sajaro xasiaTis Canaw-
zogad-sakacobrio principebis danergvas saproceso kanon- eridan dazaralebulis an mowmis amocnobis da identi-
mdeblobaSi, rogoricaa humanizmi, adamianis uflebebisa da fikaciis SesaZleblobis Semcveli monacemebis, kerZod,
Tavisuflebebis dacva, usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofa. saxelis, gvaris, misamarTis, samuSao adgilis, profesiis
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsSi an sxva Sesabamisi informaciis Secvla an amoReba.
2005 wlis 16 dekembers Setanili cvlilebebiT (kodeqss sajaro reestridan gaicema amonaweri sacxovrebeli
daemata XIV 1 Tavi) pirvelad iqna SemoRebuli procesis binis an miwis nakveTis sakuTrebaSi daregistrirebasTan
monawileTa usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofis instituti. dakavSirebiT, gaicema mesakuTris mowmoba. sxva sajaro
sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawileTa usafrTxoe- xasiaTis Canawerad SeiZleba CaiTvalos magaliTad, sakre-
bis uzrunvelyofa warmoadgens samarTlebrivi, orga- bulos sxdomis oqmi.
nizaciul-teqnikuri da sxva RonisZiebebis erTobliobas, aRniSnuli dacvis RonisZieba gulisxmobs dasaxelebul
romlebic mimarTulia aRniSnul pirTa sicocxlis, janm- dokumentebSi ara namdvili saxelis, gvaris, misamarTis,
rTelobis, saxovrebeli binis, qonebis, pativisa da Rirse- samuSao adgilis, profesiis, an sxva informaciis Setanas,
bis dasacavad marTlsawinaaRmdego xelyofisagan im mizniT, aramed maT Secvlas. amasTan SesaZlebelia aRniSnuli mo-
raTa Seiqmnas aucilebeli pirobebi marTlmsajulebis sa- nacemebi saerTod ar iyos miTiTebuli, anu iyos amoReb-
Tanadod ganxorcielebisaTvis. uli.
sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawileTa usafrTxoe- b) dazaralebulis an mowmis amocnobisa da identi-
bis uzrunvelyofis specialuri RonisZiebebis gamoyenebis ficirebis SesaZleblobis Semcveli saproceso da agreTve
safuZvels warmoadgens informacia, cnobebi, faqtobrivi zemoTdasaxelebul `a~ qvepunqtSi gaTvaliswinebuli do-
monacemebi, romlebic adastureben maTi sicocxlis, janm- kumentis gasaidumloeba.
rTelobis an qonebis mimarT realuri muqaris arsebobas. dazaralebulis an mowmis amocnobisa da identificire-
gadawyvetilebas procesis monawilis mimarT dacvis bis SesaZleblobis Semcvel saproceso dokumentad SeiZle-

328 329
ba CaiTvalos yvela sagamoZiebo da sxva saproceso moqmede- maurdes SesaZlebelia mas mieniWos fsevdonimi da yvela
baTa oqmebi, sadac mowme da dazaralebuli monawileobas sagamoZiebo da sxva saproceso moqmedebebSi procesis
Rebulobda, sadac aris miTiTebuli maTi anketuri monace- monawilem monawileoba miiRos ara namdvili saxeliTa da
mebi, magaliTad, daTvalierebis oqmi, amocnobis oqmi, Semow- gvariT, aramed fsevdonimis miTiTebiT.
mebis oqmi, dakiTxvis oqmi da a.S. agreTve sasamarTlo sx- dasacavi piris saqmeSi fsevdonomiT monawileobis Ses-
domis oqmi, gasaidumloeba gulisxmobs imas, rom aRniSnuli axeb mosamarTles gamoaqvs motivirebuli dadgenileba.
dokumentebi nebismieri pirisaTvis unda gaxdes xelmiuwv- Semdgom saproceso dokumentebSi mieTiTeba mxolod fsev-
domeli da ar unda moxdes maTi gacnoba, maT wardgena donimi.
procesis monawileebisaTvis. rac Seexeba procesis monawilis namdvil saxels, gvars,
dasacavi piris mimarT monacemebis konfidencialurobis mamis saxels, dabadebis wels, Tvesa da ricxvs, dabadebis
uzrunvelyofis mizniT SeiZleba ganxorcieldes sxvadasx- adgils, ojaxur mdgomareobas, samuSao adgils, saqmianobis
va RonisZiebebi. kerZod, amocnoba SeiZleba Catardes amom- saxes an Tanamdebobas, sacxovrebel adgils da sxva anketur
cnobis mier amosacnobis vizualuri dakvirvebis gareSe, monacemebs, romlebic Seicaven piris Sesaxeb informacias,
sasamarTlo sxdomaze gamoZaxebul pirTa siaSi dasacavi maTi miTiTeba savaraudod unda moxdes calke gamotanil
piris namdvili anketuri monacemebi ar iyos Setanili, dadgenilebaSi anketuri monacemebis Secvlis Sesaxeb. es
dasacavi piris gamoZaxeba procesis mwarmoebel organoSi dadgenileba ar unda daerTos saqmis masalebs, aramed
ganxorcieldes gamonaklisis saxiT im organos meSveobiT, calke unda inaxebodes saqmis mwarmoebel organoSi.
romelic usafrTxoebis RonisZiebas ganaxorcielebs. dasacavi piris saxelisa da gvaris fsevdonimiT Secv-
amasTan erTad, konfidencialuria da gasaidumloebas lisas saqmis masalebidan unda iyos amoRebuli sagamoZiebo
eqvemdebareba dasacavi piris Sesaxeb cnobebi, romelic moqmedebaTa oqmebi da sxva dokumentebi, sadac aRniSnulia
gaicema cnobaTa biuros mier, sapasporto samsaxuris, sa- monacemebi misi vinaobis Sesaxeb, saqmis masalebs ki unda
patrulo policiis mier, satelefono sadgurebis sacno- daerTos aRniSnuli dokumentebis aslebi, sadac dasacavi
baro samsaxurebis mier da sxva saxelmwifo sainformacio piris gvari da saxeli Secvlilia fsevdonimiT.
sacnobaro samsaxurebis mier. amitom aRniSnul samsaxurebs d) marTlsawinaaRmdego xelyofisagan fizikuri dacvis
droebiT unda aekrZalos dasacavi piris mimarT cnobebis specialuri RonisZieba.
gacema. aRsaniSnavia, rom kanonSi saubaria zemoTaRniSnuli es RonisZieba gulisxmobs, upirveles yovlisa, pirad
dokumentebis gasaidumloebaze vadis miuTiTeblad, rac dacvas, sacxovrebeli binis da qonebis dacvis uzrunve-
arasworad migvaCnia, radgan aRniSnuli dokumentebis gasaid- lyofas. dasacavi piris sicocxlisa da janmrTelobisaTvis
umloeba unda moxdes droebiT da ara samudamod. safrTxis arsebobisas unda iyos gamoyenebuli individua-
g) fsevdonimis miniWeba luri dacvis specialuri saSualebebi, maT Soris muqaris
imisaTvis, raTa procesis monawilis vinaoba ar gax- xarisxisa da simZimis gaTvaliswinebiT SeiZleba gamoyo-

330 331
fili iyos iaraRi. amasTan, dasacavi piris sacxovrebel specialuri RonisZieba;
binaSi SesaZlebelia ganTavsebuli iyos xanZarsawinaaRmdego b) sacxovrebeli adgilis droebiTi an mudmivi Secvla.
da dacvis signalizacia. aseve, SesaZlebelia Seicvalos am SemTxvevaSi igulisxmeba dasacavi piris sxva sacxovreb-
misi binis telefonis nomeri da mis kuTvnil satrans- el adgilas gadayvana anu sxva sacxovrebeli sadgomis
porto saSualebaze arsebuli saxelmwifo sanomre niSne- micema, agreTve axal sacxovrebel adgilas SromiTi mow-
bi. yobis uzrunvelyofa, rac unda ganxorcieldes usafrTx-
dasacavi piris mimarT Tavdasxmis an sxva marTlsawi- oebis zomebis gamomyenebeli organos mier.
naaRmdego qmedebis Cadenis Sesaxeb muqaris arsebobisas misi sxva sacxovrebel adgilas droebiT gadayvanis SemTx-
gancxadebis safuZvelze an misi werilobiTi TanxmobiT vevaSi mudmivi sacxovrebeli adgili eqvemdebareba broni-
SeiZleba ganxorcieldes satelefono da sxva saubrebis rebas. arasrulwlovanTa usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofisaT-
mosmena da xmis Cawera. cxadia, mosmena unda ganxorcieldes vis maTi mSoblebisa da sxva kanonieri warmomadgenlebis
moqmedi kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesis dacviT sasamarT- werilobiTi TanxmobiT isini SeiZleba droebiT iyvnen moT-
los gadawyvetilebiT. avsebulni skolamdel aRmzrdelobiT dawesebulebaSi, xolo
aRsaniSnavia, rom saqmis arsebiTi ganxilvis dros, srulwlovani qmeduunaro pirebi _ socialuri dacvis
kanonis Tanaxmad, dauSvebelia sasamarTloSi procesis organoTa dawesebulebaSi.
monawilis dakiTxva misi vinaobis gasaidumloebiT an iden- sacxovrebeli adgilis Secvla unda iyos gamoyenebuli
tificirebis SecvliT. sasamarTlo sxdomaze procesis gamonaklis SemTxvevaSi, roca dacvis sxva RonisZiebis
monawile ikiTxeba uSualod da zepirad. gamoyeneba araefeqturia. amasTan unda iyos uzrunvelyo-
zemoTaRniSnuli dacvis specialuri RonisZiebebi sasa- fili dasacavi piris yvela kanonieri uflebebisa da Tav-
marTlom SeiZleba gamoiyenos dacvis mxaris SuamdgomlobiT isuflebebis aRdgena da dacva.
da procesis monawilis TanxmobiT. amasTan, erTdroulad g) garegnobis Secvla
SesaZlebelia gamoyenebuli iyos ramdenime dacvis saSu- aseTi RonisZieba unda iyos gamoyenebuli dasacavis
aleba. SuamdgomlobiT an misi TanxmobiT, an sasamarTlos ganCinebiT
rogorc ukve aRiniSna, sasamarTlos garda, prokuror- da SeiZleba adgili hqondes gansakuTrebul SemTxvevaSi,
ic aris uflebamosili gamoiyenos dacvis specialuri mxolod ukiduresi aucileblobis situaciaSi, roca piris
RonisZiebebi. kanonSi calkea CamoTvlili prokuroris mier usafrTxoebis uzrunvelyofa sxva saSualebiT SeuZlebelia.
gamoyenebuli dacvis specialuri RonisZiebebi. kerZod, sssk aRniSnuli RonisZiebis ganxorcielebisaTvis saWiro xar-
109 1-muxlis me-4 nawilis Tanaxmad, prokurori uflebam- jebi anazRaurdeba im organos mier, romelmac miiRo amis
osilia gamoitanos dadgenileba procesis monawileTa dacvis Sesaxeb gadawyvetileba.
Semdegi saxis specialuri RonisZiebis gamoyenebaze: garegnobis Secvla SeiZleba gamoixatos varcxnilobis
a) marTlsawinaaRmdego xelyofisagan fizikuri dacvis SecvlaSi Tmis feris SecvlasTan erTad, Tvalis feris

332 333
SecvlaSi, plastikuri operaciis Sedegad cxviris formis RonisZieba gamoiyeneba prokuroris dadgenilebiT ara mx-
SecvlaSi, mTlianad saxisa da sxeulis plastikuri, kos- olod procesis monawilis mimarT, aramed masTan dakav-
metikuri da qirurgiuli operaciis Sedegad arsebiTad Sirebuli piris usafrTxoebis uzrunvelsayofadac.
gansxvavebuli garegnobis SeqmnaSi. rac Seexeba braldebulsa da gansasjels, maT mimarT
garegnobis SecvlasTan erTad aucilebelia gadawydes SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnes mxolod marTlsawinaaRmdego
sakiTxi moqalaqisaTvis misi uflebebis, Tavisuflebebisa xelyofisagan fizikuri dacvis specialuri RonisZieba.
da SeRavaTebis SenarCunebis Sesaxeb. unda iyos uzrunve- sasamarTloSi saqmis arsebiTi ganxilvisas mowmisa da
lyofili misi yvela uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis dacva dazaralebulis dakiTxvis Semdeg prokurori uflebam-
da misi kanonieri interesebis dakmayofileba. sisxlis sa- osilia gamoitanos dadgenileba kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli
marTlis procesis monawileTa dacvis specialuri RonisZie- nebismieri dacvis specialuri RonisZiebis gamoyenebis Tao-
bis ganxorcielebis xarjebs gaiRebs saxelmwifo. baze. braldebulisa da gansasjelis mimarT dacvis special-
dacvis specialuri RonisZiebebis ganxorcielebis mov- uri RonisZiebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb Suamdgomloba ki
aleoba ekisrebaT ZiriTadad Sinagan saqmeTa organoebs. waredgineba mosamarTles gamoZiebis adgilis mixedviT.
Tanamedrove pirobebSi sagamoZiebo praqtikaSi gvxvdeba aRsaniSnavia, rom procesis monawilis mimarT SeiZleba
muqaris mravalricxovani faqtebi, mowmeTa, dazaralebulTa gamoyenebuli iyos rogorc erTi, ise erTdroulad ramden-
da TviT gamomZiebelTa, prokurorTa da mosamarTleTa ime dacvis specialuri RonisZieba.
misamarTiT. Tumca saxelmwifo biujetidan arasaTanado kanonis Tanaxmad Tu mowmisa da dazaralebulis mimarT
finansuri uzrunvelyofis gamo procesis monawileTa dacvis winaswar gamoZiebaSi gamoyenebuli iyo dacvis specialuri
specialuri RonisZiebebi jer kidev gamoiyeneba iSviaTad RonisZieba, sasamarTloSi misi dakiTxvis Semdeg, bralde-
da arasakmarisad. amasTan ufro farTod unda iyos gamoy- buls an mis damcvels, moTxovnis SemTxvevaSi, mosamarTle
enebuli dacvis iseTi RonisZiebebi, romelTa gamoyeneba did aZlevs gonivrul vadas dacvis momzadebisaTvis, magram ara
materialur danaxarjebTan ar aris dakavSirebuli, magal- umetes 7 dRisa.
iTad, moqalaqeTa binaSi dacvis signalizaciis dayeneba, dacvis specialuri RonisZieba gamoiyeneba Semdegi sa-
dasacavi piris telefonis nomris Secvla, mis satrans- fuZvlebis arsebobisas.
porto saSualebaze saxelmwifo sanomre niSnebis Secvla. a) saqme ganixileba iseTi qmedebis Cadenis faqtebze,
erT-erT sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze mowmis avtomanqanis romlis sajaro ganxilva Tavisi bunebiT arsebiT zians
Zaris SeRebva da misi nomris Secvla, agreTve misi tele- miayenebs procesis monawilis pirad cxovrebas;
fonis nomris Secvla, misi saqmeSi fsevdonimiT monawileo- am SemTxvevaSi SeiZleba vigulisxmoT iseTi saqmeebi,
bis uzrunvelyofa aRmoCnda sakmarisi dacvis RonisZieba romelTa ganxilva dakavSirebulia procesis monawileTa
narkotikebis gasaRebis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dasadgenad. piradi intimuri cxovrebis detalebis gaxmaurebasTan,
aRsaniSnavia, rom kanonis Tanaxmad dacvis specialuri magaliTad, ssk 137 _ 141-e muxlebiT gaTvaliswinebuli

334 335
danaSaulebi. Cos miReba, dakargavs samsaxurs da a.S.).
b) procesis monawilis vinaobisa da saqmeSi monawile- d) procesis monawilis sicocxlesa da janmrTelobas
obis sajaroobiT mniSvnelovani safrTxe emuqreba mis an emuqreba realuri safrTxe.
misi axlo naTesavis sicocxles, janmrTelobas an qone- saqmeSi unda arsebobdes faqtobrivi monacemebi, infor-
bas. macia, masalebi, romlebic aSkarad miuTiTeben imaze, rom
aq igulisxmeba iseTi SemTxveva, roca procesis saqmeSi monawileobis sajaroobiT procesis monawilis si-
monawilis an misi axlo naTesavis mimarT braldebulis cocxlesa da janmrTelobas SeiZleba ziani miadges. sa-
mxridan arsebobs muqara. muqaris realuroba unda dadgindes frTxis realuroba ki unda ganisazRvros saqmis konkre-
konkretuli garemoebebidan gamomdinare obieqturi da sub- tuli garemoebebis Sefasebis safuZvelze.
ieqturi kriteriumebis gaTvaliswinebiT. mxedvelobaSi unda aRniSnuli safuZvlebis arsebobisas prokurori ufle-
iyos miRebuli muqaris Sinaarsi; drois monakveTi, roca bamosilia winaswari gamoZiebis dros dacvis specialuri
gacxadda muqara; muqaris intensivoba, muqaris subieqtis RonisZiebis gamoyenebis SuamdgomlobiT mimarTos mosamar-
pirovnuli Taviseburebebi _ misi socialuri, qonebrivi Tles gamoZiebas adgilis mixedviT. Tavis mxriv, procesis
mdgomareoba, fsiqologia, misi kavSirebi, samarTaldamcav monawilem SeiZleba mimarTos prokurors TxovniT, raTa mis
organoebTan damokidebuleba da a.S. mimarT iyos gamotanili dacvis specialuri RonisZieba.
aRniSnuli garemoebebis erTbliobis gaanalizebis sa- Suamdgomloba sasamarTloSi ganixileba saerTo wesis
fuZvelze unda iyos miRebuli gadawyvetileba procesis mixedviT. sxdoma ar aris sajaro. mas eswrebian mxolod
monawilis vinaobis gasaidumloebis Sesaxeb, radgan realu- prokurori, Suamdgomlobis avtori da procesis monawile,
rad arsebobs safrTxe ziani miadges misi an misi axlo vis mimarTac unda iyos gamoyenebuli dacvis specialuri
naTesavis sicocxles, janmrTelobas an qonebas. RonisZieba. gamonakliss warmoadgens fsevdonomis miniWeba.
g) procesis monawile damokidebulia braldebulze. Suamdgomloba ganixileba saproceso kodeqsis 140-e muxliT
sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo praqtikaSi xSiria SemTx- dadgenili wesiT. Suamdgomlobis dakmayofilebis SemTx-
vevebi, roca procesis monawiles braldebulTan akav- vevaSi mosamarTles (sasamarTlos) gamoaqvs gadawyvetile-
Sirebs samsaxurebrivi, Tanamdebobrivi, materialuri ba, sadac unda iyos aRniSnuli konkretulad dacvis romeli
damokidebuleba. magaliTad (braldebuls ekava xelmZR- specialuri RonisZieba unda iyos gatarebuli, vis mimarT
vaneli Tanamdeboba im organoSi, sadac procesis monawile gamoiyeneba igi da ra vadiT, romel organos evaleba misi
muSaobda an procesis monawile aris braldebulis sam- aRsruleba. amasTan, dacvis specialuri RonisZieba SeiZle-
saxurebrivi zedamxedvelobis qveS myofi piri an piri, ba gamoyenebuli iyos uvadod.
romelic braldebulisagan iRebda sarCos, materialur rac Seexeba garkveuli vadiT dawesebul dacvis spe-
uzrunvelyofas da misi anketuri monacemebis gaxmaureba cialur RonisZiebas Tu iqneba aRniSnuli RonisZiebis
safrTxes Seuqmnis mis pirad cxovrebas (Seuwydeba sar- gamoyenebis saWiroeba, dadgenili vadis gasvlis Semdeg

336 337
SesaZlebelia misi moqmedebis vadis gagrZeleba. dacvis aRsaniSnavia, rom sisxlis samarTlebrivi pasuxismge-
specialuri RonisZiebis vadis gagrZelebis Suamdgomloba blobaa dawesebuli sakonstitucio sasamarTlos wevris,
ganixileba saerTo wesiT. mosamarTlis, samarTalwarmoebis sxva monawilis, aRmas-
aRsaniSnavia, rom gadawyvetileba dacvis specialuri ruleblis, dazaralebulis, mowmis an sisxlis samarTlis
RonisZiebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb konfidencialuria da sa- procesis sxva monawilis anda misi axlo naTesavis usa-
jarod ar cxaddeba, Tumca aseTi gadawyvetilebis miRebis frTxoebis dacvis saidumloebis gaxmaurebisaTvis im piris
Sesaxeb ecnobebaT mxareebs, Suamdgomlobis Semtans da im mimarT, vinc aseTi saidumloeba icoda Tavisi samsaxure-
pirs, visac Seexo es zoma. amasTan, SetyobinebaSi ar unda brivi mdgomareobis gamo an visac is gaandes (ssk 367-e
iyos Setanili dasacavi piris amocnobisa da identificire- muxli). pasuxismgebloba mZimdeba Tu gaxmaurebas mZime
bis Semcveli monacemebi. Tavis mxriv, dacvis specialuri Sedegi mohyva.
RonisZiebis gamoyenebis aRsrulebis Sesaxeb sami dRis va- gaxmaureba gulisxmobs cnobebis Setyobinebas gareSe
daSi unda ecnobos am RonisZiebis gamoyenebis iniciators pirisaTvis. gaxmaureba SeiZleba ganxorcieldes sxvadasxva
da mosamarTles (sssk 109 4-e muxli). formiT: presaSi gamoqveynebiT, mimoweriT, kerZo saubris
kanoni iTvaliswinebs dacvis specialuri RonisZiebis dros zepirad, sajarod gamosvliT, saTanado dokumentebis
gamoyenebis Sesaxeb Suamdgomlobis ganxilvis Sedegad miRe- gacnobiT da a.S. ris Sedegadac gaxdeba cnobili informa-
buli gadawyvetilebis gasaCivrebis wess. kerZod, sssk 109 cia usafrTxoebis zomebis Sesaxeb.
3, muxlis me-6 nawilis Tanaxmad, aRniSnuli gadawyvetile- ssk 365-e muxlis Tanaxmad, danaSauls warmoadgens
ba SeiZleba erTjeradad gasaCivrdes saqmeze Semajamebel prokuroris, gamomZieblis, damcvelis, eqspertis, aRmas-
gadawyvetilebasTan erTad. ruleblis, samarTalwarmoebis sxva monawilisa an misi
dacvis specialuri RonisZiebis gamoyenebis safuZvlis axlo naTesavis mimarT winaswar gamoZiebasTan, sasamar-
aRmofxvris SemTxvevaSi misi damniSvneli mosamarTlis loSi saqmis ganxilvasTan anda ganaCenis an sxva sasamarT-
(sasamarTlos) an imave sasamarTlos sxva mosamarTlis lo gadawyvetilebis aRsrulebasTan dakavSirebiT sicocx-
dadgenilebiT (ganCinebiT) es RonisZieba unda gauqmdes, rac lis mospobis, janmrTelobis dazianebis anda qonebis
dauyovnebliv ecnobeba dasacav pirs. ganadgurebis an dazianebis muqara. am muxlSi, rogorc
sssk 109 5-e muxlis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlos gadaw- vxedavT, procesis sxva monawileebTan erTad dasaxeleb-
yvetileba dacvis specialuri RonisZiebis gamoyenebis Ses- ulni arian procesis mwarmoebeli organos Tanamdebobis
axeb sajaro ar aris. igi xelmisawvdomia mxolod gadaw- pirebi prokurori, gamomZiebeli. saproceso kanonmdeblobis
yvetilebis mimRebi mosamarTlis, Suamdgomlobis ganxil- Tanaxmad ki dacvis specialuri RonisZiebebi gamoiyeneba
vaSi monawile pirebisa da uflebamosili Tanamdebobis mxolod mowmisa da dazaralebulis mimarT. arada xSiria
pirisaTvis, romelmac unda aRasrulos sasamarTlos gad- SemTxvevebi, roca gamomZiebels, prokurors, mosamarTles
awyvetileba. emuqrebian sicocxlis mospobis, janmrTelobis dazianebis

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da qonebis xelyofis muqariT. sasurveli iyo kanonmdebels Tavi VI
gaefarTovebina dacvis specialuri RonisZiebebis subieqte-
bis wre da moewesrigebina procesis mwarmoebeli oganos mtkicebulebani da mtkiceba sisxlis
Tanamdebobis pirTa dacvis RonisZiebebis gamoyenebis sakiTx- samarTlis procesSi
ic.
$.1. mtkicebiTi samarTlisa da mtkicebiTi
Teoriis cneba

danaSaulis Cadenas yovelTvis warsul droSi aqvs ad-


gili, amitom aRniSnul garemoebaTa dadgena da aRdgena
mtkicebis meSveobiT xdeba. vinaidan movlenebi da faqtebi
yovelTvis toveben materialuri an idealuri saxis kvals.
cnobili faqtebis safuZvelze ki xdeba ucnobi faqtebis
dadgena. aRniSnuli procesi ki TavisTavad warmoadgens
mtkicebas. warsulSi momxdari movlenis Semecneba anu maTi
mtkiceba, dadgena aris mecnierebis mravali sferos amocana,
mag: istoria, arqeologia, magram sisxlis samarTlis pro-
cesSi informacia aseTi saxis movlenebze iqceva samarT-
lebrivad mniSvnelovani gadawyvetilebis miRebis safuZvlad.
swored amitom maTi mtkiceba detalurad aris reglamen-
tirebuli kanonmdeblobiT da efuZneba procesis saerTo
principebs (SejibrebiToba, uSualoba da a.S.).
sakanonmdeblo reglamentaciisas ki unda ganisazRvros
Semdegi garemoebebi:
1. kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili mtkicebis procesi warmoad-
gens procesis formisaTvis damaxasiaTebel erT-erT
umTavres garemoebas (samZebro(inkviziciuri), bral-
debiTi, SejibrebiTi, Sereuli).
2. mtkiceba arsebiTad gansazRvravs pirovnebis procesua-
lur mdgomareobas (mag:braldebulis procesualur
mdgomareobas).

340 341
3. institutebi, romlebic axdenen mtkicebis procesis ba gamoxatavs procesSi monawile pirTa moqmedebebsa da
reglamentacias, warmoadgens samarTalwarmoebis princ- maT urTierTdamokidebulebas WeSmaritebis dasadgenad.
ipebis realizaciis ZiriTad saSualebas. mtkicebis movaleoba akisria procesis mwarmoebel pirs.
am kiTxvebze pasuxis sakanonmdeblo reglamentacias mtkicebuleba ki sul sxva bunebisaa. igi ukve mopovebuli
didi mniSvneloba gaaCnia rogorc sisxlissamarTalwarmoe- informaciaa. anu kanoniT pirdapir gaTvaliswinebuli wy-
bis Sesabamisi institutebis sakanonmdeblo reglamentaci- aroebidan da wesiT miRebuli cnobebi, romelTa safuZ-
isaTvis, ise procesis monawileTa praqtikuli saqmiano- velzec dgindeba arsebobs Tu ara danaSaulebrivi faqti
bisaTvis. da misi misi Camdeni piri.
imisaTvis, rom gamoZieba da sasamarTloSi saqmis ganx- mtkicebiTi samarTlis mizania WeSmaritebis dadgena. e.i.
ilva Catardes yovelmxriv, srulyofilad da obieqturad, faqtebisa da garemoebaTa imgvarad dadgena, rogorc amas
saqmeze unda dadgindes: iyo Tu ara danaSaulis SemTxveva; sinamdvileSi hqonda adgili.
piris braleuloba; mtkicebis sagani; Catarda Tu ara yvela WeSmariteba aris codnis an mosazrebis sinamdvilesTan
saWiro da aucilebeli saproceso moqmedeba. Sesabamisobis absoluturi Tanxvedra. WeSmariteba Semecne-
garemoebani, romlebic unda damtkicdes sisxlis samar- bis TeoriasTan aris gaigivebuli xSir SemTxvevaSi da
Tlis saqmeze xorcieldeba kanoniT gansazRvruli wesiT dialeqtikis nawiladac ki aris miCneuli, WeSmariteba ar
da uzrunvelyofs WeSmaritebis dadgenas sisxlis samarTlis arsebobs adamianis cnobierebis gareSe. obieqturi sinamd-
saqmeze pirovnebis uflebebisa da Tavisuflebebis sruli vilis sagnebi TavisTavadni arian da araferi aqvT saerTo
dacviT da savaldebuloa rogorc procesis mwarmoebeli WeSmaritebasTan manamde, vidre adamiani ar daukavSirdeba
piris, aseve procesis sxva monawileTaTvis. maT aRqmisa da warmosaxvis asaxvis formiT, cnebebis
im normaTa erTobliobas, romlebic aregulireben mtki- dadgenis procesSi. WeSmariteba cnobieria imdenad, ramdena-
cebis procesTan dakavSirebul procesualur moqmedebebsa dac Semmecnebeli subieqtia, igi asaxvaa adamianis gonebaSi,
da urTierTobas WeSmaritebis dadgenis mizniT, mtkicebiTi magram, rogorc dadgenilia, TviT es asaxvaa, sinamdvilis
samarTali ewodeba. adeqvaturi suraTi igi srulebiTac ar aris damokidebuli
mWidro kavSiria mtkicebasa da mtkicebulebebs Soris. adamianis neba survilze mis subieqtur faqtorebze: WeS-
magram mtkicebuleba da mtkiceba ar aris identuri cnebe- mariteba mudam Sepirobebulia obieqturi sinamdviliT.
bi. mtkiceba, literaturaSi miRebuli gansazRvrebidan WeSmaritebis dadgenis TvalsazrisiT, TiTqos yovelT-
gamomdinare, aris saqmeze kanonieri gziT WeSmaritebis vis gaZnelebulia konkretuli danaSaulisaTvis damaxasi-
dasadgenad informaciis mopoveba _ Semowmebasa da Sefase- aTebeli niSnebis utyuarad gamovlineba. rodesac laparakia
baSi monawileTa moqmedeba da urTierTdamokidebuleba. WeSmaritebaze, ar SeiZleba ar aRiniSnos, rom WeSmarite-
mtkiceba moicavs mtkicebulebasac: mtkiceba dinamiurobas bis ganmsazRvrel ZiriTad kriteriums WeSmaritebis cvale-
gamoxatavs; igi mimdinare procesebze migvaniSnebs. mtkice- badoba warmoadgens, romelic efuZneba praqtikisa da Se-

342 343
mecnebis ganviTarebiTobas. $2. mtkicebulebis cneba sisxlis
Semecnebisa da misi Sedegebis damajereblobis urTierT- samarTlis procesSi
Tanafardobis gansazRvra erTnairad aucilebelia yvela
sferoSi. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso samarTalSi WeS- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
maritebis mtkicebis mizani sagamoZiebo organoebisa da 110-e muxlis Tanaxmad mtkicebulebebia: kanoniT gaTval-
sasamarTlos mier iseTi daskvnebis miRebaa, romlebic ab- iswinebuli wyaroebidan da wesiT miRebuli cnobebi,
soluturad Seesabamebian sinamdviles da realurad asaxaven romelTa safuZvelzedac mxareebi icaven TavianT ufle-
momxdar movlenebs. WeSmaritebis dasadgenad aucilebelia bebsa da kanonier interesebs, xolo gamomZiebeli, proku-
danaSaulis Cadenis arsebobis faqtisa da ama Tu im piris rori da sasamarTlo adgenen, arsebobs Tu ara movlena an
mier aRniSnuli danaSaulis Cadenis da misi braleulobis qmedeba, romlis gamoc xorcieldeba sisxlis samarTlis
utyuarobis dadgena. WeSmaritebis mtkiceba mowodebulia procesi, Caidina Tu ara es qmedeba garkveulma pirma, dam-
gaarkvios faqtebis, movlenebis, garemoebebis realurad naSavea Tu ara igi, agreTve saqmis sworad gadawyvetisaTvis
arseboba da maTi siyalbe, romelTa ZiriTadi mizania saga- mniSvnelobis mqone sxva garemoebebs.
moZiebo da sasamarTlo Secdomebis Tavidan acileba. mtkicebulebad sisxlis samarTlis procesSi dasaSvebia:
SesaZlebelia WeSmariteba davyoT ramodenime saxed: a. eWvmitanilis Cveneba; b. braldebulis Cveneba; g. gansasje-
1.miaxloebiT WeSmaritebad _ romelsac pirobiTi xasiaTi lis Cveneba; d. dazaralebulis Cveneba; e. mowmis Cveneba; v.
aqvs. 2.SefardebiT WeSmaritebad, rac ufro meti informa- eqspertis daskvna; z. nivTieri mtkicebulebebi; T. saga-
cia iqneba dagrovili ama Tu im sagnis raobis Sesaxeb, miT moZiebo moqmedebis da sasamarTlo moqmedebisa da sasa-
ufro sruli iqneba Cveni warmodgena sinamdvileze. 3.obieq- marTlo ganxilvis oqmebi; i. sxva dokumentebi; k. nebismieri
tur WeSmaritebad _ romelic, rogorc sayovelTaodaa saxis audio-video Canaweri, romlis mopovebisas adgili
aRiarebuli, miiReba SefardebiT WeSmaritebaTa SejamebiT ar hqonia piradi cxovrebis saidumloebis darRvevas. am
da aris mtkicebiTi samarTlis ZiriTadi mizani. SemTxvevaSi faruli gadaRebis mwarmoebeli piri dakiTxu-
li unda iqnes sasamarTloSi mowmis saxiT faruli Canaw-
eris warmomavlobasTan dakavSirebiT.
sssk 110-e muxlis Tanaxmad mopovebuli da mxaris mier
warmodgenili cnobebi unda daerTos saqmes. isini unda
Seamowmos da gamoikvlios meore mxarem, agreTve organom,
romelic process awarmoebs. mxolod dasaSvebad miCneuli
mtkicebulebebi SeiZleba iqnes gamoyenebuli sasamarTlo
kamaTsa da sasamarTlo ganaCenSi.
kanonis moTxovnis Sesabamisad, operatiul – samZebro

344 345
RonisZiebiT miRebuli monacemebi SeiZleba gaxdes ama Tu dgomlobs raTa ar iqnes gaziarebuli am mtkicebulebiT
im saproceso wyaros cnobisa da faqtis (dokumentis dadgenili garemoebebi.
garda) Sinaarsi da mxolod am SemTxvevaSi daiSveba, rogorc sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 111-e muxlis
mtkicebuleba. kerZod: operatiul-samZebro RonisZiebebis Tanaxmad mtkicebuleba dauSveblad miiCneva, Tu igi miRe-
Sedegad miRebuli monacemebi xSirad ganapirobeben sisxlis bulia:
samarTlis saqmeTa warmatebiT gadawyvetas da saqmeze WeS- a. im Tanamdebobis piris an organos mier, romelic
maritebis dadgenas. operatiul-samZebro RonisZiebebi war- uflebamosili ar aris Sekribos mtkicebulebani, am
moadgens winapirobas Sesabamisi sagamoZiebo moqmedebis saqmeze;
saxis gansazRvrisa da CatarebisaTvis. garkveul SemTx- b.kanoniT gauTvaliswinebeli wyarodan;
vevaSi operatiul-samZebro RonisZiebebi erwymis sagamoZie- g. kanoniT dadgenili wesis darRveviT, agreTve Zala-
bo moqmedebebs da aisaxeba Sesabamis saproceso dokumentSi. dobis, muqaris, motyuebis, SantaJis, pirovnebis abuCad
kanonis Tanaxmad operatiul-samZebro RonisZiebebis Sedegebs agdebis an sxva ukanono meTodebis gamoyenebiT.
anu monacemebs, romlebic miRebulia maTi Catarebis Sedegad d. pirisagan, romelmac daarRvia kanoni an romelsac
ar aqvT mtkicebulebis Zala, radgan ar arsebobs maTi ar SeuZlia miuTiTos, ra wyarodan, sad, rodis da rogor
utyuarobis garantia. isini unda Semowmdes da damagrdes gamovlinda mis mier warmodgenili monacemebi;
saproceso saSualebebiT da mxolod amis Semdeg SeiZleba sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis Tanaxmad,
mieniWos mtkicebulebiTi mniSvneloba. bralmdebels ekisreba rogorc braldebis mtkicebulebaTa
mtkicebulebaTa dasaSveboba. sagamoZiebo organoebis dasaSvebobis mtkicebis tvirTi, ise dacvis mtkicebulebaTa
gadawyvetileba, sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba, Tanamdebobis dauSveblobis mtkicebis tvirTi.
piris gadawvetileba da procesis ganmavlobaSi mxareTa mxareebi valdebulni arian sasamarTlos miawodon in-
pozicia sisxlis samarTlis saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone formacia sakuTari mtkicebulebis warmomavlobis Sesaxeb.
garemoebaTa dadgenilad miCnevis an uaryofisaTvis unda mtkicebulebis dauSveblad miCnevis sakiTxs wyvets
eyrdnobodes mxolod dasaSveb mtkicebulebebs. procesis mwarmoebeli organo dadgenilebiT.
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi moqmedebs mtkicebule- dauSveblad miCneuli mtkicebuleba amoiReba sisxlis
baTa dasaSvebobis prezumfcia, anu mtkicebuleba dasaSvebia, samarTlis saqmidan da sisxlis samarTlis saqmis Senaxvis
Tu procesis mwarmoebel organos, Tanamdebobis pirs, igi vadis ganmavlobaSi inaxeba sasamarTlos kancelariaSi.
dauSveblad ar ucvniaT. dauSveblad miCneuli braldebis mtkicebuleba SeiZle-
erTmaneTisagan unda gaimijnos dauSvebeli mtkiceb- ba daSvebeul iqnes dacvis SuamdgomlobiT.
uleba da mtkicebuleba, romelic dasaSvebia, magram Sesa- mtkicebulebaTa Sesaxeboba. mtkicebulebaTa Sesaxeboba
bamis dasabuTebaze miTiTebiT, procesis mwarmoebeli or- niSnavs misi Sinaarsis kavSirs im garemoebebTan, romlebic
gano, Tanamdebobis piri ar iziareben, xolo mxare Suam- eqvemdebarebian mtkicebas sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze.

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SeuZlebelia im garemoebebis wris winaswar gansazRvra $3. mtkicebis sagani da mtkicebis farglebi
(dadgena), romelic Sedis mtkicebis saganSi da gaaCnia
mniSvneloba sisxlis samarTlis saqmisaTvis. mtkicebule- sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi gansazRvravs
baTa Sesaxebobis sakiTxi wydeba procesis mwarmoebeli garemoebaTa minimums, romelic eqvemdebareba mtkicebas
piris mier, kerZod faqtis Sesaxeb versiis SemuSavebisa da sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze. Tu es moTxovna ar iqneba
Semowmebis Sedegad, agreTve mxareTa da sxva pirTa mier daculi, aseT SemTxvevaSi saqmeze gamoZieba da sasamarT-
warmodgenil mtkicebulebaTa miRebisas. loSi saqmis ganxilva CaiTvleba arasrulyofilad da
SedarebiT martivia ganvsazRvroT mtkicebulebaTa Ses- calmxrivad. garemoebaTa erTobliobas, romelic eqvemde-
axebobis sakiTxi, rodesac igi mimarTulia iuridiuli bareba mtkicebas ewodeba mtkicebis sagani.
faqtebis mtkicebaze an uaryofaze, romelic pirdapir aris mtkicebis sagans gaaCnia rogorc sisxlis samarTlebri-
gaTvaliswinebuli normis hipoteziT da SeZlebisdagvarad vi ise sisxlis samarTlis saproceso (procesualuri)
zustad aris orientirebuli drosa da sivrceSi. am amo- mxare. kerZod: saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso
canis gadawyveta rTulia _ iribi mtkicebulebis gamoyen- kodeqsis 112-e muxli ayalibebs im garemoebebs, romelic
ebisas vinaidan yovelTvis ar aris naTeli, aris Tu ara unda damtkicdes yovel sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze. kerZod,
dakavSirebuli dasadgeni faqtebi mTavar garemoebebTan. moqmedebis (umoqmedobis) marTlsawinaaRmdego xasiaTi;
warmoiSoba pirobiTi Sesaxeboba, romelic saqmis moZrao- brali; garemoebebi,romlebic gavlenas axdenen braldebulis
bidan gamomdinare xdeba upirobo an xdeba misi uaryofa. pasuxismgeblobis xasiaTsa da xarisxze, axasiaTebs mis
kerZod, Tu procesis mwarmoebeli piri miva daskvnamde, pirovnebas; danaSaulis Sedegad miyenebuli zianis xasiaTi
rom dadgenili, mopovebuli an miRebuli cnoba da faqti da odenoba.
kavSirSi ar aris saqmesTan da ar exeba mocemul saqmes danaSaulis Cadenis dro, adgili, saSualeba da sxva
gamoitans dasabuTebul dadgenilebas. romlis safuZvelzec garemoebebi SeiZleba iyos rogorc makvalificirebeli (Se-
arsebiTad gadawyvets sakiTxs mtkicebulebaTa Sesaxebobis mamsubuqebeli an damamZimebeli garemoebebi), aseve iuridi-
Sesaxeb. ulad neitraluri garemoebebic. ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi
Tu mtkicebuleba ar exeba mocemul saqmes, igi ar daiS- maTi dadgena aucilebelia braldebis konkretizaciisaTvis,
veba sisxlis samarTlis procesSi. rac erT-erTi umTavresi pirobaa braldebis funqciis re-
alizaciisaTvis.
danaSaulis Cadenis drois, adgilisa da saSualebis
konkretizaciis xarisxi damokidebulia sisxlis samarTlis
saqmis Taviseburebaze da ganisazRvreba konkretuli piris
mier danaSaulebrivi faqtis dadgenis aucileblobiT. da-
naSaulis CadenaSi braldebuli piris cneba moicavs moTx-

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ovnas dadgenil iqnes ara mxolod konkretuli piri, aramed yoveli garemoeba, romelic eqvemdebareba mtkicebas,
im moqmedebis an umoqmedobis xasiaTi, romelmac ganapi- aris arsebiTi sisxlis samarTlis saqmisaTvis da unda
roba misi qceva (saqme exeba danaSaulis subieqtsa da sub- iyos gamokvleuli gamoZiebis organoebisa da sasamarTlos
ieqtur mxares). mier. sasamarTlos ganaCeni unda efuZnebodes mxolod im
motivis dadgenis aucilebloba im SemTxvevaSic ki mtkicebulebebs, romelic iyo gamokvleuli sasamarTlo
rodesac mas mniSvneloba ar gaaCnia danaSaulis kvali- sxdomaze. mravalma garemoebam, romelic eqvemdebareba
fikaciisaTvis, ganisazRvreba pirvel rigSi imiT, rom igi mtkicebas unda gansazRvros sabraldebo daskvnis Si-
xels uwyobs rogorc danaSaulis Camdeni piris adekvatur naarsi da ganaCeni, romelsac adgens winaswari gamoZiebis
Sefasebas ise Cadenili qmedebis simZimis gamovlenas. organo da sasamarTlo.
danaSaulis Cadenis motivis dadgena ar gamoricxavs im CamoTvlili garemoebani exeba yvela sisxlis samarTlis
monacemTa wres, romelic exmareba braldebuli pirovnebis saqmes, magram, amave dros, saproceso kanoni CamoTvlis
Sefasebas da gamoyofilia mtkicebis sagnis damoukidebel mtkicebis sagnis Taviseburebas, rac damaxasiaTebelia aras-
elementad. aRniSnuli garemoebebis dadgena aucilebelia rulwlovanTa mier Cadenili danaSaulisa da fsiqikurad
pirvel rigSi sisxlis samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobis daavadebuli piris mier Cadenili qmedebisaTvis.
individualizaciisaTvis. aRniSnuli jgufi garemoebebisa s.s.s.k 641–e muxli adgens im garemoebas, romlebic
moicavs Tavis TavSi braldebulis fizikuri (janmrTelobis damatebiT dasadgenia arasrulwlovanis mier Cadenili da-
mdgomareoba),an fsiqikuri (fsiqikuri mdgomareoba, alko- naSaulisaTvis, kerZod:arasrulwlovanis mier danaSaulis
holisadmi an narkotikebisadmi damokidebuleba) mdgo- Cadenis SemTxevaSi winaswari gamoZiebisa da sasamarTloSi
mareobis dadgenasac. saqmis ganxilvis dros unda dadgindes:
rac Seexeba danaSaulis Cadenis Sedegad miyenebuli a. arasrulwlovanis asaki(dabadebis ricxvi, Tve, weli);
zianis xasiaTsa da odenobas unda aRiniSnos, rom igi b. arasrulwlovanis cxovrebisa da aRzrdis pirobebi
SeiZleba iyos danaSaulis Semadgenlobis erT-erTi makval- ojaxsa da skolaSi;
ificirebeli niSani, garkveul SemTxvevaSi ki SeiZleba g. srulwlovan wamqezebelTa arseboba;
gascdes mtkicebis sagnis farglebsac. d. arasrulwlovanis fizikuri da gonebrivi ganviTarebis
yvela es garemoeba, organulad gansazRvravs qmedebis done;
faqtiur suraTs, gaaCnia gadamwyveti samarTlebrivi mniS- e. arasrulwlovanis pirovnebis xasiaTis Taviseburebebi,
vneloba imdenad, ramdenadac igi iZleva uaryofiT pasuxs moTxovnilebebi da interesebi.
braldebuli piris braleulobis Sesaxeb. im piris mimarT, vinc danaSaulis Cadenis Semdeg fsiq-
da bolos, mtkicebis saganSi Sedis yvela is garemoeba, ikurad daavadda, sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
romlebsac SeuZlia gamoiwvios sisxlis samarTlebrivi 661-e muxlis Sesabamisad, damatebiT unda damtkicdes:
pasuxismgeblobisa da sasjelisagan gaTavisufleba. piris fsiqikuri avadmyofoba, romelic warmoiSva da-

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naSaulis Cadenis Semdeg da gamoricxavs sasjelis gamoy- mxilvelma mosamarTlemac, ris gamoc aseTi faqti aRar
enebas. saWiroebs mtkicebas. sayovelTaod cnobili faqti SeiZle-
Seuracxis mier marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis CadenasTan ba sxvadasxvagvari iyos. mag: mTeli msofliosaTvis cno-
dakavSirebiT unda damtkicdes: a. Seuracxi piris damaxa- bilia faqtebi (istoriuli mniSvnelobis mqone movlena,
siaTebeli garemoebebi; b. qmedebis Cadenis momentSi pirovne- faqti), magram sayovelTaod cnobili faqti SeiZleba iyos
bis qronikuli fsiqikuri avadmyofoba, fsiqikis droebiTi sxva garemoebebic, wyaldidoba, miwisZvra da sxva. sasamarT-
moSla, Wkuasustoba an sxva avadmyofuri mdgomareoba, ris lom unda daasabuTos ratom miiCnia es faqti sayovelTaod
gamoc mas ar SeeZlo angariSi gaewia Tavisi qmedebisaTvis cnobilad.
da ganego igi; g. am piris fsiqikuri mdgomareoba winaswari gasaTvaliswinebelia is garemoebac, rom Tu faqti say-
gamoZiebisa da sasamarTlo ganxilvis dros. d. garda amisa, ovelTaodaa cnobili es ar SeiZleba iyos ganpirobebuli
danaSaulis Cadenis Semdeg fsiqikurad daavadebuli piris mxolod pirTa gansazRvruli wriT, romlisTvisac cno-
saqmeze, aseve marTlsawinaaRmdego qmedebis Camdeni Seu- bilia es faqti da damokidebulia im droze, rac gavida
racxis saqmeze unda dadgindes, SeiZleba Tu ara maTi Sem- mas Semdeg, rac es movlena moxda.
dgomi qceva saSiSi iyos Tavad maTTvis da garSemo myof- im SemTxevaSi, rodesac sayovelTaod cnobili faqti
TaTvis. cnobilia ara mTeli msofliosaTvis, an mTeli qveynisaTvis,
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi CamoTvlis im lokaluri xasiaTisaa da Semofarglulia gansazRvruli
garemoebebs, romlebic dgindeba mtkicebulebaTa wardgenis adgiliT. ar iqneboda swori mxareTagan mogveTxova aseTi
gareSe da preiudiciebs. faqtebis dasadastureblad mtkicebulebaTa savaldebulod
faqtebi, romlebic ar saWiroeben mtkicebas, ar Sedis wardgena im motiviT (safuZvliT), rom lokaluri mniS-
mtkicebis saganSi, Tumca misi dadgenis gareSe SeuZlebelia vnelobis faqtebi sakmaod cnobilia swored mocemul
saqmis sworad gadawyveta. adgilas da sasamarTlos ufleba aqvs aRiaros aseTi mniS-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 113-e muxlSi vnelobis faqtebi sayovelTaod cnobilad, ris gamoc maT
miTiTebulia 2 saxis, 2 kategoriis faqti, romlebic ar mtkiceba ar sWirdebaT da unda miuTiTos amis Sesaxeb
saWiroeben mtkicebas da SeiZleba safuZvlad daedos sasa- gadawyvetilebaSi.
marTlo gadawyvetilebis dasabuTebas. kerZod: 1.sasamarT- Tumca, sayovelTaod cnobilad ar SeiZleba iqnes miC-
los mier sayovelTaod cnobili faqtebi da 2.preiudici- neuli konkretuli adamianis piradi Tvisebebi, xasiaTi,
uli (winaswar gadawyvetili, winaswar dadgenili faqtebi, vinaidan es aris subieqturi mosazreba da ara faqti.
e.i. sasamarTlos kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetilebiT sayovelTaod cnobili faqtebi mtkicebas ar saWiroebs
an ganCinebiT dadgenili) faqtebi. anu mxareebi ar arian valdebuli warmoadginon mtkiceb-
sayovelTaod cnobili faqtia, is, romlis arsebobis ulebebi, am faqtebis namdviloba naTelia da mtkiceba zed-
Sesaxeb icis adamianTa farTo wrem, maT Soris, saqmis gan- metia.

352 353
mtkicebulebaTa Segrovebas (mtkicebas) ar saWiroeben kanonmdebloba gansazRvravs garkveul gamonakliss. kerZod:
da Sesabamisad mtkicebis tvirTisagan gaTavisuflebis me- preiudiciulad dadgenili faqti SeiZleba uaryos mxarem,
ore safuZvelia faqtis preiudiciuloba. preiudiciulia sasamarTlos ganaCenma, sxva Semajamebelma gadawyvetilebam
(laT. sityvaa praejudicio _ niSnavs ,,winaswar gadawyvetas~, an dadgenilebam, Tu es faqti ewinaaRmdegeba sasamarTloSi
,,winaswar dadgenas~) sasamarTlos kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli mtkicebulebaTa gamokvlevis Sedegebsa da mosamarTleTa
sasamarTlos ganaCeni. faqtebi preiudiciul mniSvnelobas Sinagan rwmenas.
iZenen mxolod gadawyvetilebis an ganaCenis kanonier aRniSnul SemTxevaSi gamomZiebelsa da prokurors
ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg da am mniSvnelobas inarCuneben ma- ufleba aqvT uaryon preiudicia da saqme gadascen sasa-
namde, sanam sasamarTlos aqtebi ar gauqmdeba kanoniT marTlos TavianTi Sinagani rwmenis safuZvelze. sasamarT-
dadgenili wesiT. los, romelic Sinagani rwmeniT Seafasebs mtkicebulebebs,
kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetilebiT dadgenil ufleba aqvs gamoitanos ganaCeni an sxva gadawyvetileba
yvela faqts aqvs preiudiciuli mniSvneloba da arc erTi preiudiciis miuxedavad. aseTi ganaCeni an gadawyvetileba
es faqti aRar unda damtkicdes xelaxla sxva sisxlis kanonier ZalaSi SesvlisTanave igzavneba saqarTvelos uze-
samarTlis saqmis ganxilvis dros Tumca imisaTvis rom naesi sasamarTlos sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa palataSi,
sasamarTlos hqondes preiudiciuli faqtebis mtkicebis romelic gamoiTxovs im saqmes, romlis preiudiciuli
movaleobisagan mxaris gaTavisuflebis kanonieri safuZ- mniSvnelobac uaryofilia, da im mtkicebulebis Sefasebis
veli,man unda gamoiTxovos da saqmeSi unda hqondes Sesa- Semdeg, romelic safuZvlad udevs urTierTsawinaarmdego
bamisi gadawyvetilebis an ganaCenis asli. sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebebs, auqmebs an cvlis erT maTgans
preiudiciulad dadgenili faqtebi ar saWiroeben mt- da ZalaSi tovebs meores.
kicebas, imitom, rom isini ukve dadgenilia sasamarTlos preiudiciebTan mWidrod aris dakavSirebuli prezum-
kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetilebiT an ganaCeniT fciebi. prezumfcia samarTalSi moicavs sakiTxebis sakmaod
da,Sesabamisad aRar arsebobs araviTari aucilebloba maT did wres,romelic exeba rogorc samarTlis zogad Teorias,
xelaxla dasadgenad,e.i. ar SeiZleba eWvis qveS dadges ise samarTlebrivi mecnierebebis sxva sferoebs.
(saeWvo gaxdes) es faqtebi. prezumfciis qveS, rogorc wesi, moiazreba saerTo wesi,
sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebiT dadgenili faqtebis romelic asaxavs myar araerTjerad kavSirs faqtebs, mov-
preiudiciuli mniSvneloba ganisazRvreba misi subieqturi lenebsa da garemoebebs Soris.
farglebiT.kerZod, preiudiciulobis Tviseba aqvT gadaw- prezumfciebi mravalricxovani da sxvadasxvagvaria,
yvetilebaSi dafiqsirebul materialur samarTlebriv maTgan nawili ganmtkicebulia kanoniT (legaluri prezum-
faqtebs,Tu,amasTan, yvela dainteresebuli piri, romelT- fciebi). im prezumfciebs, romlebic ar Sedis normatiul
ac gadawyvetileba exeba, Cabmuli iyo procesSi. aqtebSi (faqtiuri prezumfciebi) agreTve SeiZleba hqondeT
Tumca saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso mniSvneloba sisxlis samarTlebrivi iurisdiqciisaTvis.

354 355
vinaidan amgvari prezumfciebi mosamarTleTa marTlSegne- tanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelisaTvis ufleba_hyavdes
bis elementebia. damcveli da a.S.) iwvevs saerTo (zogadi) prezumfciis
sisxlis samarTlis procesisaTvis damaxasiaTebelia e.w. gamoyenebas, romlis Sesabamisadac mtkicebis Sedegebi pro-
mtkicebulebiTi prezumfciebi. cesis mocemul stadiaze kargavs Tavis mniSvnelobas.
prezumfciebs gaaCniaT statistikuri buneba. aRniSnu- mTeli rigi kerZo da zogadi procesualuri principe-
lidan gamomdinare es aris varaudi rom rogorc wesi bis sinTezs warmoadgens udanaSaulobis prezumfcia da
kavSiri faqtebs Soris, arsebobs aseve mocemul konkretul kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli ganaCenis WeSmaritebis prezumf-
SemTxvevaSic. cia.
samarTlebrivi prezumfcia es aris kanoniT dadgenili udanaSaulobis prezumfcia rogorc samarTlebrivi
wesi,romelic adasturebs an uaryofs faqtebs sapirispiro principi Camoyalibda safrangeTSi. man Tavisi asaxva hpova
mtkicebulebaTa warmodgenamde. igi gamoiyeneba mxolod 1789 wlis deklaraciis me-9 muxlSi. udanaSaulobis pr-
faqtis utyuarobis dasadgenad, romelTanac kanoni akav- ezumfciam Semdgom asaxva hpova 1948 wlis adamianis ufle-
Sirebs prezumfciebs. baTa saerTaSoriso deklaraciaSic. udanaSaulobis prezum-
samarTlebrivi prezumfciebis gaqarwyleba ar unda gav- fcia aris progresuli samarTlebrivi principi, romelic
igoT rogorc gaqarwyleba WeSmariti gansjisa, prezumfcie- gamoiyeneba policiuri Zalauflebis SesazRudad. raTa
bis gaTvaliswinebiT. es gansja aZlevs obieqtur Sefasebas moxdes pirovnebis dacva dausabuTebeli braldebisagan.
gansazRvrul socialur movlenas. udanaSaulobis prezumfcia moqmedebs sisxlis samarT-
prezumfciebi, romlebic dakavSirebulni arian mtkice- lis procesis yvela stadiaze. gamamtyunebeli ganaCenis
bulebaTa dasaSvebobasTan unda iyvnen gadmocemuli negati- gamotaniT udanaSaulobis prezumfcia kargavs Tavis mniS-
uri formiT. maT safuZvlad udevT Semdegi mosazreba: Tu vnelobas _ vinaidan igi gamoxatavs saxelmwifos Sexed-
darRveulia sagamoZiebo an sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa proce- ulebas pirovnebis braleulobis sakiTxis gadawyvetasTan
sualuri wesi an igi ganaxorciela arauflebamosilma dakavSirebiT. ris Semdegac igi wyvets Tavis moqmedebas.
subieqtma, maSin am gziT gamovlenili faqtebi ar SeiZleba udanaSaulobis prezumfciidan gamomdinareobs mTeli
CaiTvalos damtkicebulad. rigi daskvnebisa: a.daumtkicebeli braleuloba iuridiul
procesualuri prezumfciebi, romlebic gansazRvraven urTierTobaSi utoldeba udanaSaulobis damtkicebas; b.
dauSvebel mtkicebulebebs, SeiZleba mivakuTvnoT: a. udanaSaulobis prezumfciidan gamomdinareobs wesis gan-
calkeul mtkicebulebebs an mtkicebulebaTa jgufs; b. marteba eWvis sasargeblod. braldebulis sasargeblod,
procesis calkeul stadiebs. romelsac gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs misi kanonieri
procesualuri darRvevebi, romelic exeba mTlianad interesebis uzrunvelsayofad da saqmeze obieqturi WeS-
mtkicebis process sisxlis samarTalwarmoebis amaTuim maritebis misaRwevad. g. udanaSaulobis prezumfcia aris
stadiaze (mag: sasamarTlos ukanono Semadgenloba, eWvmi- moqalaqis sruli reabilitaciis safuZveli, romelTa

356 357
bralic ar aris damtkicebuli. d.ganaCenis kanonier ZalaSi prezumfciebi saSualebas iZleva gakeTdes daskvna mosaZebn
Sesvlamde pirs ar SeiZleba CamoerTvas saarCevno SromiTi faqtze garkveuli niSnebis arsebobisas.
da sxva mTeli rigi uflebebi. e. udanaSaulobis prezum- sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebisas gamoiyeneba
fciis Sesabamisad braldebuli ar aris valdebuli amtki- bevri Cveulebrivi cxovrebiseuli prezumfciebi.
cos Tavisi udanaSauloba. cxovrebiseuli praqtikuli saqmianoba adamianis, maT
zogierTi procesualuri prezumfciebi moqmedeben gan- Soris samarTalwarmoebis sferoSi, SeuZlebelia faqtiuri
aCenis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg. prezumfciebis gamoyenebis gareSe.
WeSmaritebis prezumfcia kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gan- faqtiuri prezumfciebi Tavis gamoyenebas pouloben
aCenisagan moiTxovs aRiarebuli iqnes WeSmaritebad da sayovelTaod cnobili faqtebis gamoyenebisas, romlebic ar
savaldebulod Sesasruleblad yvelafers, rac gadmocemu- eqvemdebarebian mtkicebas.
lia kanonier ZalaSi Sesul ganaCenSi. mtkicebis saganTan mWidro kavSirSia mtkicebis far-
kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli ganaCenis WeSmaritebis prezum- glebi.
fcia emyareba mosazrebas, romlis Tanaxmadac procesis mtkicebis farglebi aris mtkicebulebaTa erToblioba,
stadiis procesualuri garantia sakmarisia sisxlis samar- romelic sakmarisia im faqtebisa da garemoebebis dasadgenad,
Tlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dasadgenad. amitom sasamarTlos rac uSualo kavSirSia sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan da
ganaCeni – prezumfcirebulia WeSmaritebad. mniSvneloba gaaCnia saqmisaTvis. mtkicebis farglebi Sei-
arsebobs zogierTi kerZo sisxlis saproceso samarT- Zleba Seicvalos saqmis gamoZiebisa da sasamarTloSi saqmis
lebrivi prezumfciebi: ganxilvis dros saqmis garemoebaTa SecvlasTan dakavSire-
1. mtkicebulebiTi prezumfcia gamyarebulia saproceso biT. mtkicebis farglebs gansazRvravs gamomZiebeli, proku-
kanonmdeblobiT, romlis Tanaxmadac, mxolod bralis rori da sasamarTlo.
aRiareba ar aris sakmarisi ganaCenis gamosatanad. gamoZiebis etapze mtkicebis farglebi ganisazRvreba
2. prezumfciulad Tavisi bunebiT aRiarebulia eqspertizis sabraldebo daskvnaSi. sasamarTlo saqmes ixilavs mxolod
savaldebulod Catarebis wesi, romlis safuZveli mo- sabraldebo daskvnis farglebSi, Tumca aRniSnuli fargle-
cemulia kanonSi. Tu eqspertiza ar Catarebula, Sesa- bi SeiZleba Seicvalos sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis
bamisi garemoeba iTvleba daudgenlad. etapzec im SemTxvevaSi Tu gansasjelma Caidina sxva dana-
3. saproceso samarTlebrivi urTierTobis monawileTa Saulic, romlis gamoc mas braldeba ar hqonda wayenebuli
samarTalsubieqtobis prezumfcia gamomdinareobs iqidan, an danaSauli Caidina sxva pirebTan erTad, rac ar iyo
rom isini gamoiyeneba im SemTxvevaSi Tu ar aris war- dadgenili gamoZiebis etapze. am SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo
modgenili sapirispiro mtkicebulebebi. (mosamarTle) ubrunebs saqmes prokurors damatebiTi
mtkicebis procesSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebze mTa- gamoZiebis Casatareblad im mizniT, rom gafarTovdes mt-
var rols TamaSoben faqtiuri prezumfciebi. faqtiuri kicebis farglebi da braldebuls waeyenos axali bral-

358 359
deba. sasamarTloSi mtkicebis farglebi Tavis saboloo TavisuflebaSi yofna xels SeuSlis winaswar gamoZiebas,
gamoxatulebas poulobs sasamarTlos ganaCenSi. an gaanadgurebs mtkicebulebas. amasTan kanoniT gansaz-
Rvrulia Tu ra SemTxvevaSi SeiZleba iqnes cnobili da
dakavebuli piri eWvmitanilad. kerZod: sisxlis samarTlis
$4. mtkicebulebaTa calkeuli saproceso kodeqsis 142-e muxlis Tanaxmad, piri eWvmita-
saxeebi nilis saxiT SeiZleba dakavebuli iqnes im SemTxvevaSi Tu
: a. pirs waaswres danaSaulis Cadenisas an CadenisTanave;
mtkicebulebaTa cneba rogorc faqtiuri monacemebisa
b. TviTmxilvelebi, maT Soris dazaralebulic, pirdapir
da procesualuri wyaroebis erTianoba iZleva saSualebas
miuTiTeben am pirze, rogorc danaSaulis Camdenze; g. pirze,
movaxdinoT mtkicebulebaTa dayofa calkeul saxeebad.
masTan an mis tanisamosze aRmoCndeba Cadenili danaSaulis
mtkicebulebaTa saxeebi (wyaroebi) da maTi arsi Camoyal-
aSkara kvali; d. piri miimala danaSaulis Cadenis Semdeg,
ibebulia sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis XVI
magram Semdgom igi amoicno dazaralebulma; e. piris mimarT
TavSi. mtkicebulebaTa saxeebs miekuTvneba: 1.eWvmitanilis
gamotanilia ganCineba (dadgenileba) Zebnis warmoebis Ses-
Cveneba; 2.braldebulis Cveneba; 3.gansasjelis Cveneba;
axeb; v. piri SesaZloa miimalos;
4.dazaralebulis Cveneba; 5.mowmis Cveneba; 6.eqspertis
eWvmitanilis dakavebis saerTo vada ganisazRvreba 48
daskvna; 7.nivTieri mtkicebulebebi; 8.sagamoZiebo moqmede-
saaTiT. kerZod 48 saaTis amowurvamde unda waredginos
bis, sasamarTlo moqmedebisa da sasamarTlo ganxilvis
pirs braldeba winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi mis mimarT dakaveb-
oqmebi; 9.sxva dokumentebi; 10.nebismieri saxis audio-video
isa da eWvmitanilad cnobis Sesaxeb gamotanili dadge-
Canaweri.
nileba unda gauqmdes da igi dauyovnebliv unda gaTavisu-
1. eWvmitanilis Cveneba. sisxlis samarTlis procesSi
fldes. aRniSnuli garemoebebis garda saproceso kanonmde-
eWvmitanilad iTvleba piri, romlis Sesaxebac arsebobs
blobiT mkafiodaa gansazRvruli misi ufleba-movaleobebi.
safuZveli, rom man Caidina danaSauli, magram ar aris sak-
am uflebebis darRveviT dasakiTxi pirisagan miRebuli
marisi mtkicebuleba misTvis braldebis wasayeneblad. ris
Cveneba, raoden mniSvnelovanic ar unda iyos igi gamoZie-
Sesaxebac gamomZiebels prokuroris TanxmobiT, prokurors
bisaTvis dakargavs mtkicebulebiT mniSvnelobas.
gamoaqvs dadgenileba piris eWvmitanilad cnobis Sesaxeb.
eWvmitanilis Cveneba aris dakiTxvis an sxva sagamoZie-
eWvmitanilis mimarT dakaveba, rogorc Tavisuflebis
bo moqmedebis Catarebisas mis mier micemuli informacia,
xanmokle aRkveTa gamoiyeneba maSin rodesac Cadenilia
romelic uaryofs an adasturebs mis mimarT arsebul eWvs,
iseTi danaSauli, romlis CadenisTvisac pirs sasjelis
agreTve informacias sisxlis samarTlis saqmisaTvis mniS-
saxiT SeiZleba Seefardos Tavisuflebis aRkveTa da arse-
vnelobis mqone misTvis cnobili sxva garemoebebis Sesaxeb,
bobs safuZveliani eWvi, rom mocemulma pirma Caidina
anu im garemoebebis Sesaxeb, romelic faqtiurad gaxda
aseTi danaSauli da mosalodnelia misi gaqceva, an misi
safuZveli misi eWvmitanili saxiT cnobisa, dakavebis an mis

360 361
mimarT aRkveTi RonisZiebis SerCevisa, misTvis braldebis piri,romelTan dakavSirebiTac aris gamotanili dadge-
wardgenamde. nileba piris braldebulad cnobis Sesaxeb.
eWvmitanilis Cvenebas gaaCnia bevri saerTo braldebulis braldebulis Cveneba emsaxureba danaSulis garemoebe-
CvenebasTan. es vlindeba SemdegSi: a. orive maTgani pirovnu- bis dadgenas da amave dros warmoadgens braldebulis
li xasiaTis mtkicebulebebia; b. isini zepiri xasiaTis Tavdacvis saSualebas wayenebuli braldebisagan.
Cvenebebia; g. eWvmitanilis Cvenebis utyuarobis procesua- braldebulis Cvenebis sagani ganisazRvreba rogorc wesi
luri garantiebi igivea rac braldebulis Cvenebis SemTx- mis mimarT wayenebuli braldebiT.
vevaSi; d. eWvmitanilis Cveneba aris ara mxolod mtkiceb- braldebulma SeiZleba Tavi cnos damnaSaved, an uaryos
ulebaTa wyaro, aramed saSualebac misi kanonieri inter- brali, miuTiTos sxva pirTa braleulobaze, an isargeblos
esebis dasacavad. Tumca amave dros eWvmitanilis Cveneba dumilis uflebiT, ar upasuxos dasmul SekiTxvebs. bral-
gansxvavdeba braldebulis Cvenebisagan subieqtiT, sagniTa debulis mier Cvenebis micemaze uaris Tqmis an cru Cven-
da Cvenebis procesualuri mniSvnelobiT. ebis micemis faqti ar SeiZleba Sefasdes, rogorc misi
eWvmitanilis Cvenebis Sefaseba unda moxdes iseve braleulobis damadasturebeli mtkicebuleba.
rogorc yvela sxva mtkicebulebebis. gasaTvaliswinebulia braldebulis Cvenebis miReba SesaZlebelia dakavebis
eWvmitanilis Cvenebis fsiqologia: Cvenebis motivebi, miz- momentSi an Tu dakaveba ar xdeba braldebulad cnobisTa-
nebi da sxva subieqturi da obieqturi faqtorebi1. nave dauyovnebliv. aseve unda aRiniSnos, rom braldebulis
2. braldebulis Cveneba. braldebulis Cveneba aris nebismieri dakiTxvis win, misTvis gasageb enaze unda ecno-
dakiTxvis an sxva sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebisas mis bos braldebis arsi; braldebuli ar aris valdebuli misces
mier micemuli informacia. Cveneba; braldebulis dakiTxvis wesi maT Soris arasrul-
braldebulis Cvenebis Tavisebureba imaSi mdgomareobs, wlovanis dakiTxvis wesi da misi Cvenebis fiqsaciis wesi
rom subieqtis saxiT gamodis TviT braldebuli warmoadgens arsebiT garantias braldebulisagan swori
Cvenebis misaRebad.
1 eWvmitanilisa da braldebulis instituti faqtiurad ori identuri braldebuls, iseve rogorc mowmes an dazaralebuls
institutia. vinaidan eWvmitanilad cnobisaTvis garkveuli eWvi unda arse- ufleba aqvs misces Cveneba yovelgvari iZulebis gareSe.
bobdes, xolo bralis wasayeneblad ki dasabuTebuli varaudi _ mtkicebule- akrZalulia braldebulis Cvenebis miReba Zaladobis,
baTa erTobliobiT anu is mtkicebulebebi, romelic SesaZleblobas iZlevian
albaTobis maRali xarisxiT damtkicdes konkretuli piris mier danaSaulis muqaris an sxva ukanono meTodebis gamoyenebiT.
Cadena. anu am SemTxvevaSic arsebobs albaTobis anu eWvis maRali xarisxi da termini ,,Cveneba~ gulisxmobs braldebulis mier ara
ratom ar SeiZleba aRniSnulidan gamomdinare piri pirdapir iqnes dakiTxuli
braldebulis saxiT? aRniSnuli mosazreba arsebobda qarTul procesualur
mxolod faqtobrivi monacemebis gadmocemas, aramed mis mier
literaturaSi jer kidev gasuli saukunis 80-ian wlebSic (ix.b.xaraziSvili braldebis gamo gakeTebul ganmartebebs da informacias,
,,mtkicebiTi samarTali~ Tsu gamomcemloba, Tbilisi, 1982w. gv.251.)romelmac rasac mniSvneloba aqvs sisxlis samarTlis saqmisaTvis.
Tavisi asaxva mxolod amJamad hpova sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
proeqtSi.
Sinaarsis mixedviT braldebulis Cveneba warmoadgens

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dakiTxvaze saqmesTan dakavSirebul arsebiTi mniSvnelobis nawilobriv aRiarebad.
mqone gancxadebas. e.i. mis mier cnobili faqtebis gadmo- srulia braldebulis iseTi aRiareba, rodesac bral-
cemas. debuli braldebis calkeul epizodebs ar eTanxmeba da
braldebulis Cveneba sisxlis samarTlis procesis gan- sadavod xdis. aRniSnulidan gamomdinare aRiarebad CaiTv-
viTarebis sxvadasxva etapze yovelTvis imyofeboda yura- leba da pirdapiri mtkicebulebis mniSvneloba mieniWeba
dRebis centrSi. xSirad braldebulis mier bralis aRi- mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu igi moicavs ara marto dadeb-
areba formalurad iyo aRiarebuli ,,saukeTeso mtkiceb- iT pasuxs wardgenil braldebaze, aramed iseT cnobebze
ulebad~, ,,mtkicebulebaTa dedoflad~. mas gansakuTrebuli miuTiTebs, romelic braldebulis mier danaSaulebrivi
mtkicebulebiTi mniSvneloba hqonda. amasTan dakavSirebiT qmedebis Cadenis faqts adastureneben.
praqtika orientirebuli iyo am saxis mtkicebulebaze praqtikaSi xSiria braldebulis mier cru Cvenebis
rogorc wamebis aseve civilizebul sazogadoebaSi dagmo- aRiarebis SemTxvevebi.
bili sxva meTodebis saSualebiT. aseTi midgoma iyo gaba- cru aRiareba ewodeba braldebulis iseT cru Cvenebas,
tonebuli sisxlis samarTlis procesis aRzevebis peri- romelSic igi miuTiTebs viTomda mis mier danaSaulebrivi
odSi, romelic emyareboda mtkicebulebaTa maqsimalur qmedebis Cadenis faqts, Tumca gaTviTcnobierebuli aqvs,
formalizacias. rom es qmedeba mas ar Caudenia.
amJamad gavrcelebuli mosazrebebis Tanaxmad bralde- braldebulis cru aRiarebisagan SeiZleba ganvasxvavoT
bulis Cvenebas ar unda mieniWos upiratesi mniSvneloba. braldebulis SecdomiT aRiareba, rodesac braldebuls
igi unda Sefasdes rogorc sxva saxis mtkicebulebebi, SecdomiT hgonia, rom danaSaulebrivi qmedeba man Caidina
Tavisuflad mxolod Sinagani rwmeniT1. vinaidan aRniSnuli da amitomac Tavs damnaSaved cnobs da miuTiTebs viTomda
aseve negatiurad moqmedebs adamianis (pirovnebis) uflebe- mis mier Cadenili danaSaulis garemoebebze, gansxvaveba
bis dacvaze, igi faqtiurad ganapirobebs ganaCenis gamotanas braldebulis cru da SecdomiT aRiarebas Soris gamoix-
im sakiTxis gadawyvetis gareSe realurad hqonda Tu ara ateba ganzraxvaSi, piris subieqtur damokidebulebaSi misi
adgili danaSaulebriv faqts da damnaSavea Tu ara mis naTqvamis mimarT.
CadenaSi gansasjeli. cru aRiarebis dros braldebuls gaTviTcnobierebuli
bralis aRiareba SeiZleba davyoT 2 nawilad: srul da aqvs, rom inkriminirebuli qmedeba mas ar Caudenia, magram
garkveuli motivis gamo igi ganzrax ibralebs danaSauls.
1 magram arsebobs sxva saxis midgomac. mag:anglosaqsur sisxlis samar- yuradRebas ipyrobs braldebulis mier danaSaulis gu-
Tlis procesSi, braldebulis mier br¬a¬lis aRiareba sasamarTloSi imis
safuZvelia, rom nafici msajulebi ar dakompleqtdes da mtkiceb¬u¬l¬eb¬aT¬a
laxdili monanieba, romelsac gansakuTrebul SemTxvevaSi
sasamarTlo Semowmeba ar ganxorcieldes. sasamarTlo axorcielebs sasjelis bralis aRiarebiT gamocxadebasTan erTad, kanonmdebeli
daniSvnas, aRniSnuli mi¬d¬goma ki negatiurad moqmedebs pirovnebis uflebebze, Semamsubuqebel garemoebad miiCnevs.
vinaidan SesaZlebeli xdeba ganaCenis ganaCenis gamotana s¬ak¬iTxis gamokvlevis
gareSe da xdeba piris Tavisuflebis aRkveTis safuZveli.
yovelive zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare braldebulis

364 365
Cveneba unda Sefasdes obieqturad yvela im obieqturi da TqmisaTvis da cru Cvenebis micemisaTvis, anu dazaralebu-
subieqturi faqtoris gaTvaliswinebiT rac aucilebelia lis Cvenebas mWidro kavSiri aqvs mowmis CvenebasTan. magram
saqmeze WeSmaritebis dasadgenad. mas miuxedavad aseTi msgavsebisa aseve axasiaTebs mTeli
3. gansasjelis Cveneba. gansasjelis Cveneba mtkicebule- rigi Tavisebureba,romelic ganpirobebulia TviT subieqtis
baTa damoukidebelia saxea. gansasjelis Cveneba xasiaTdeba procesualuri mdgomareobiT. kerZod: dazaralebuli,
imave kriteriumiT, rogorc braldebulis Cveneba, magram rogorc wesi aris saqmis SedegiT dainteresebuli piri,
igi damaxasiaTebelia ara gamoZiebisaTvis, aramed sasamarT- mas aqvs SesaZlebloba gaecnos saqmis masalebs winaswari
loSi saqmis ganxilvisaTvis.kerZod: gansasjelis Cveneba gamoZiebis dasrulebisas da daeswros saqmis ganxilvas
aris mis mier sasamarTloSi micemuli Cveneba, romelic sasamarTloSi saqmis mTeli ganxilvis procesSi.
uaryofs an adasturebs wayenebul braldebas, agreTve in- dazaralebulis Setyobineba mtkicebuleba ver iqneba,
formacia sisxlis samarTlis saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone Tu mowodebuli faqtis wyaros ver miuTiTebs, an Tu dadg-
misTvis cnobil sxva garemoebaTa Sesaxeb. gansasjelisaTvis indeba, rom fsiqikuri avadmyofobis, Wkuasustobis an
Cvenebis micema aris ufleba da ara valdebuleba. gansasje- mcirewlovanebis gamo SeuZlia sworad aRiqvas, daimaxsov-
lis mier uaris Tqma Cvenebis micemaze an cru Cvenebis ros da aRidginos faqtebi.
micema ar SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnes misi bralis damadas- sssk. Sesabamisad dazaralebuli SeiZleba iyos ara mx-
turebel mtkicebulebad. olod fizikuri piri, aseve iuridiuli piri da saxelmwifo,
gansasjelis mier bralis aRiareba sasamarTloSi ar vinaidan iseve rogorc fizikur pirs aseve iuridiul pir-
SeiZleba safuZvlad daedos braldebasa da gamamtyunebel sac da saxelmwifos SeiZleba miadges moraluri da mate-
sasamarTlo ganaCens, Tu bralis aRiareba sasamarTloSi rialuri ziani (termini ,,dazaralebuli~ sityva ,,zarals~
damtkicebuli ar aris saqmeze Sekrebil sxva mtkicebule- ukavSirdeba,zarali ki sityva ,,dazrobisagan~unda iyos
baTa erToblobiT. nawarmoebi1).
4. dazaralebulis Cveneba. dazaralebulis Cveneba, iseve, dazaralebulis ganmartebas ar gaaCnia wminda proce-
rogorc mowmis Cveneba s.s.s.k.116-e muxlis Sesabamisad aris sualuri datvirTva, radgan igi dafuZnebulia materialur
Setyobineba faqtobriv garemoebaTa Sesaxeb, romelic unda samarTlebriv niSnebze. amdenad dazaralebulze, rogorc
dadgindes sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze agreTve Setyobineba pirze, romelsac danaSaulis Sedegad miadga ziani – iT-
eWvmitanilTan (braldebulTan) urTierTobis Sesaxeb. valiswebs sisxlis samarTlis kanonmdebloba, Tumca maTi
dazaralebuli iseve rogorc mowme valdebulia misces Sinaarsi mkveTrad gansxvavebulia. procesualuri mxare
swori Cveneba da miuTiTos informaciis wyaroze. moicavs im pirobebs romelSic dazaralebuli xdeba sisx-
im SemTxvevaSi Tu mas ar SeuZlia informaciis wyaros
miTiTeba, Cveneba kargavs mtkicebulebiT mniSvnelobas. maT 1 s.saba orbelianis ganmartebiTi leqsikonis mixedviT termini dazroba
yinvisagan dawvas niSnavs. sulxan-saba orbelianis qarTul sityvaTa ganmarte-
aseve ekisrebaT pasuxismgebloba Cvenebis micemaze uaris biTi leqsikoni – Tbilisi ,,merani~ 1989w.gv.189gv.

366 367
lis samarTlis procesis monawile da iZens masTan dakav- xeliT miiyenebs dazianebebs an sxva mizeziT ganviTarebul
Sirebul procesualur uflebebsa da movaleobebs, xolo dazianebebs miawers sqesobriv Zaladobas. am saxis Zaladobis
sisxlis samarTlis kanonmdeblobaSi jer kidev ar arsebobs faqtis dasadgenad saWiroa gamomZiebelma saqmis garemoebe-
dazaralebulis cnebis Camoyalibebuli formulireba, is bis zusti Seswavlis safuZvelze moaxdinos daskvnis ga-
asaxavs danaSauliT miyenebuli zianis obieqtur faqts. piri keTeba.
dazaralebulad iTvleba im momentidan ra momentidanac Tumca garda amisa aucileblad unda iqnes miRebuli
adgili aqvs danaSaulebriv zewolas misi kanoniT daculi mxedvelobaSi sxva garemoebebic, ramac SeiZleba gamoiwvios
uflebebisa da kanonieri interesebis mimarT. danaSaulis araswori, cru Cveneba, aseTi ki SeiZleba gamowveuli iyos
Sedegad miyenebuli materialuri, fizikuri da qonebrivi braldebulis, eWvmitanilis an misi axloblebis daSinebis,
ziani ki warmoadgens dazaralebulis cnebis materialur aseve samsaxuris dakargvis SiSiTac.
samarTlebriv mxares. 5. mowmis Cveneba. mowmis Cveneba sisxlis samarTlis
saerTaSoriso samarTali iyenebs ara termin ,,dazarale- procesSi arsebul mtkicebulebaTa Soris erT-erTi yvelaze
buls~ aramed, ,,msxverpls~, kerZod, masSi naTqvamia: ter- gavrcelebuli, Seucvleli da damoukidebeli saxis mtkice-
mini ,,msxverpli~ niSnavs pirs, romelsac erovnuli sisxlis bulebaa. rac upirveles yovlisa dasakiTxi pirisagan im
samarTlis kanonebis darRveviT ayeneben zians, ziani ki faqtebisa da monacemebis SetyobinebaSi gamoixateba, rasac
ganimarteba ufro farTod, vidre saqarTvelos kanonmde- udidesi mniSvneloba gaaCnia da rac unda dadgindes sisx-
blobaSi mas miakuTvneben ara marto sxeulis dazianebebs, lis samarTlis saqmeze. igi SeiZleba iyos sinamdvilis
moralursa da materialur zarals, aramed msxverplis (WeSmaritebis) dadgenis utyuari saSualeba. mowmed Sei-
emociur tanjvas, agreTve pirovnebis ZiriTad uflebaTa Zleba daikiTxos nebismieri fizikuri piri, romelsac aqvs
arsebiT Selaxvas (deklaracia 1.18mux). unari sworad aRiqvas da mexsierebaSi aRidginos garesam-
arsebiTi yuradReba unda mieniWos dazaralebulis Cve- yaros movlenebi. fizikuri piris unars, iyos mowme, kano-
nebis Sefasebisas motivsa da mizans. vinaidan dazarale- ni ar ukavSirebs gansazRvruli asakis miRwevas amitom
bulma ar SeiZleba ,,Cveneba misces uneburad~, igi garkveul mowmed SeiZleba daikiTxos mcirewlovanic.
mizans isaxavs da ra Tqma unda garkveuli motivic gaaCnia. mowmis Cveneba Tavis mtkicebulebiT mniSvnelobas kargavs
dazaralebulma SeiZleba Tavisi reputaciis Selaxvis im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac mowme warmodgenili informaciis
Tavidan acilebis gamo garkveulwilad daamaxinjos faqte- wyaros ver miuTiTebs, an Tu dadgindeba, rom fsiqikuri
bi an cru dazaralebuladac mogvaCvenos Tavi. mag: im avadmyofobis an fizikuri naklis gamo ar SeuZlia sworad
SemTxvevaSi rodesac saqme exeba sqesobrivi xasiaTis dana- aRiqvas, daimaxsovros da aRidginos faqtebi1.
Sauls, dazaralebuli SeiZleba malavdes namdvil mizezs
da mas sxva danaSaulis saxiT warmogvidgendes an piriqiT 1 mowmis Cvenebas yovelTvis arsebiTi mniSvneloba ar eniWeboda da arc
mtkicebulebaTa erT-erT yvelaze gavrcelebul saxes warmoadgenda. mag: IX-XIV
axdendes danaSaulis inscenirebas, mag:rodesac qali Tavisi ss. rodesac qarTuli saxelmwifoebrioba ganaviTarebis maRal safexurze idga

368 369
mowmis Cvenebis sagans warmoadgens nebismieri gare- mosarCelis, samoqalaqo mopasuxis an im piris warmomad-
moeba, romelic eqvemdebareba mtkicebas sisxlis samarTlis geneli, romlis mimarTac gamoiyeneba samedicino xasiaTis
saqmeze.mowmis Cveneba unda Seicavdes konkretul monacemebs iZulebiTi RonisZieba im garemoebis Sesaxeb, romelic mis-
garkveul garemoebebze. Tvis cnobili gaxda am saqmeSi warmomadgenlis an damcvelis
mowmis Cvenebis subieqti SeiZleba iyos nebismieri piri, movaleobis SesrulebasTan dakavSirebiT. advokati, romel-
romlisTvisac cnobili gaxda garemoebebi, romelic eqvem- ic iuridiul daxmarebas uwevda pirs dacvis an warmomad-
debareba mtkicebas sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze.Tumca aRniS- genlobis miRebamde im garemoebis Sesaxeb,romelic misTvis
nul wess gaaCnia garkveuli gamonaklisic. kerZod: sssk cnobili gaxda, dacvis an warmomadgenlobis ganxorciele-
95-e muxlis Tanaxmad, ar SeiZleba mowmed gamoiZaxon da basTan an sxva iuridiuli daxmarebis gawevasTan dakavSire-
dakiTxon: eWvmitanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis an biT. sasuliero piri, saxalxo damcveli, eWvmitanilis,
msjavrdebulis damcveli, dazaralebulis, samoqalaqo braldebulis, gansasjelis, msjavrdebulis axlo naTesavi,
saqarTvelos parlamentis, afxazeTisa da aWaris a.r. umaR-
da samarTlebrivi kulturac Sesabamisad sakmaod maRali iyo mowmis Cvenebasa lesi warmomadgenlobiTi organoebis wevrebi, mosamarTle,
da werilobiT sabuTebsac Sesabamisad didi mniSvneloba eniWeboda, Tumca Sem-
Jurnalisti.
dgom saukuneebSi mkveTrad Seicvala, dakninda misi roli da mtkicebulebiTi
mniSvneloba. amis sailustraciod mSvenieri magaliTia vaxtang VI-is samarTlis gamomZiebels, sasamarTlos ki ufleba aqvT motivire-
wigni, sadac mowmis Cvenebas sasamarTlo mtkicebulebaTa sistemaSi mxolod buli dadgenilebiT mowmis movaleobisagan gaaTavisuflon:
mexuTe adgili ukavia ficisa da ordalebis Semdeg; me-13 muxli ki aRniSnulis
sailustraciod mSvenieri magaliTia: ,,mowme diaR swamTa da ician ufro ber-
eqimi, medicinis da meani, samedicino muSaki, notariusi,
ZenTa, frangTaca da rusTaca da wminda saxarebac brZanebs, magram aq qarTlSi, sajaro mosamsaxure, samxedro mosamasaxure, aseve piri
ufro ar ganuwesebiaT~ (qarTuli samarTlis Zeglebi, red. i.doliZe, t.I. 1952w. romelic samuSaoze im pirobiT aris miRebuli, rom ar
Tsu gamomc. gv.484). qarTuli samarTliT mowme Cvenebas iZleoda ara marto
sakuTari TvaliT nanaxze, aramed sxvagan mosmenilzec, Tumca ,,gagonilzed mow- gaamJRavnebs komerciul an sabanko saidumloebas.
moba naklebad~ sarwmunod iTvleboda. (g.daviTaSvili, sasamarTlo organizacia maT Soris gansakuTrebiT mniSvnelovania: aRsarebis,
da procesi Zv. qarTul samarTalSi, Tsu gamomc.2002w. 102 gv.). gansazRvruli saadvokato, samedicino da Jurnalisturi saidumlo,romelic
iyo mowmeTa Tvisebebic, romelic aucileblad unda yofiliyo RvTis moSiSi,
Wkviani, sando, marTali kacis saxelis mqone adamiani. qarTuli samarTali daculia saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanon-
aseve gansazRvravda mowmeTa raodenobasac, kerZod: vaxtangis samarTlis wigniT mdeblobiT.
uaryofili iyo 1 mowmis Cvenebis sakmarisoba, ,,pirTa orisa anu samisa mowmi- Tanamedrove msoflioSi demokratiuli saxelmwifos da
saTa daemtkicos yoveli sityva~ rac im garemoebiT iyo ganpirobebuli, rom
1 mowmis Cvenebas miiCnevdnen arasarwmunod da arasakmarisad imisaTvis, rom saerTod samoqalaqo sazogadoebis mSenebloba xom war-
saqmeze realurad dadgeniliyo WeSmariteba. Tumca es ar exeba mTel saqarT- moudgenelia rwmenisa da aRmsareblobis Tavisuflebis
velos mag: xevsureTSi zustad ar iyo reglamentirebuli mowmeTa raodenoba.
mowmeTa dakiTxva ZiriTadad sasamarTlo procesze xdeboda, romelsac SeeZlo
uzrunvelyofis gareSe. aRniSnulma asaxva hpova saqarT-
ganesazRvra vada mxarisaTvis mowmis mosaZebnad da sasamarTloSi warsadgenad velos konstituciis me-19 muxlSi, ,,yovel adamians aqvs
an sasamarTlo agzavnida kacs adgilze mowmis dasakiTxad da maTTvis Cvenebis aRmsareblobisa da rwmenis Tavisufleba da dauSvebelia
CamosarTmevad. xSir SemTxvevaSi ki mowmeebis Cvenebas ficiTac amtkicebdenen
da Sesabamisad meti mtkicebulebiTi mniSvnelobac eniWeboda.
devna aRmsareblobisa da rwmenis gamo.~

370 371
igi mWidro kavSirSi aris TviT aRsarebis saidumlosTan, faqtori aris is umTavresi Rirebuleba, romelsac mTlianad
vinaidan aRsarebis saidumlos dacva uzrunvelyofilia efuZneba advokatura.
piradi cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobis konstituciuri uflebiT. Tumca saadvokato saidumlos mflobeli SeiZleba iyos
igi rogorc samarTlebrivi kategoria moqalaqis piradi ara marto advokati, aramed kanonieri warmomadgeneli.
cxovrebis saidumlos warmoadgens. sisxlis samarTlis aRniSnuli pirebis funqcia samarTalwarmoebis procesSi
saproceso kodeqsis es moTxovna ki Sesabamisad zneobriv advokatis funqciis identuria. anu isini valdebulni ar-
principebs emyareba. ian gamoiyenon kanoniT nebadarTuli yvela saSualeba da
aranakleb mniSvnelovania saadvokato saidumlo, romel- xerxi TavianTi klientis kanonieri interesebisa da ufle-
ic profesiulad mindobil saidumloTa Soris erT-erTi bebis dasacavad.
yvelaze uZvelesia. aranakleb mniSvnelovania saeqimo (samedicino) saidum-
sssk da saqarTvelos konstituciiT aRiarebulia Ti- loebis dacvac, romelsac sisxlis samarTlis saproceso
Toeuli moqalaqis ufleba uzrunvelyofili iyos kvali- kanonmdebloba iTvaliwinebs. eqimi mniSvnelovan informacias
fikaciuri, srulfasovani dacviT saqarTvelos konsti- iRebs pacientis rogorc piradi, ise ojaxuri, intimuri,
tuciis me-18 muxlis Tanaxmad, dakavebul an dapatimrebul urTierTobis Sesaxeb. eqimi ki profesiuli saqmianobis
pirs SeuZlia moiTxovos damcvelis daxmareba rac dauy- ganxorcielebis Sedegad valdebulia,gamonaklisi SemTxveve-
ovnebliv unda dakmayofildes. bis garda saidumlod Seinaxos aRniSnuli informacia da
saadvokato saqmianoba miCneulia damoukidebel da Tav- ar dauSvas misi gaxmaureba pacientis Tanxmobis gareSe
isufal saqmianobad. advokati Tavisufali profesiis piria, rogorc mis sicocxleSi, ise misi gardacvalebis Semdeg.
romelic emorCileba kanonsa da profesiuli eTikis normebs. saeqimo saidumlos subieqtebs ki eqimis garda warmoad-
misi saqmianobis principebs warmoadgens kanoniereba, pro- genen: eqTani, medda, sanitari, bebiaqali, laboranti da a.S.
fesiuli saidumlosa da profesiuli eTikis normebis anu yvela is piri, visTvisac profesiuli an samsaxure-
dacva. igi valdebulia daicvas profesiuli saidemlo brivi movaleobis Sesrulebisas cnobili gaxda pacientis
gasuli drois miuxedavad da klientis Tanxmobis gareSe janmrTelobis mdgomareobasTan dakavSirebuli konfiden-
ar gaavrcelos misgan miRebuli informacia. cialuri informacia.
Tavisi arsiT, saadvokato saidumlo es aris is infor- saqarTvelos kanonmdebloba aRiarebs da icavs samedi-
macia, romelic unda miawodos advokats dasacavma pirma, cino saidumlos, rogorc saqarTvelos moqalaqis piradi
raTa am ukanasknelma ganaxorcielos srulyofili dacva cxovrebis xelSeuxeblobis konstituciuri uflebis erT-
da aRmouCinos pirs kvalificiuri iuridiuli daxmareba. erT mniSvnelovan elements.
ar aqvs mniSvneloba ra informaciaze aris saubari,yvela rac Seexeba Jurnalists anu Jurnalistur saidumlos,
SemTxvevaSi miwodebuli informaciis saidumlod Senaxva yovel moqalaqes ufleba aqvs flobdes da avrcelebdes
saadvokato saqmianobis umTavresi moTxovnaa, radgan ndobis srulyofil informacias im sazogadoebaze, romelSic igi

372 373
cxovrobs da moRvaweobs. aRniSnuli ufleba aRiarebuli bas xels uwyobs dakiTxvis procesualuri forma, kerZod
da garantirebulia rogorc ,,adamianis uflebaTa saerTa- dakiTxvis mimdinareobisas unda iyos gamokvleuli gare-
Soriso deklaraciiT~ ise evropiis konvenciiT ,,adamianis moebebi, romlebic iZleva saSualebas Sefasdes mowmis
uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa dacvis Sesaxeb~ aseve Cvenebis xarisxi. ukanaskneli aucileblad unda iqnes
saerTaSoriso paqtiT ,,samoqalaqo da politikur ufle- gaanalizebuli misi sisrulis, Seusabamobis Sesabamisad.
baTa Sesaxeb.~ mowme sisxlis samarTlis procesSi aris igi aucileblad unda Sedardes faqtiur monacemebs, rom-
piri, romelic flobs informacias faqtze (movlenaze) lebic miRebulia sxva wyaroebidan. damazustebeli da
romelTan dakavSirebiTac mimdinareobs sisxlis samarTlis Semavsebeli kiTxvebis dasma mowmisaTvis iZleva saSualebas
saqmis gamoZieba da sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilva. amitom movaxdinoT misi Cvenebis detalizeba da aRmovfxvraT ar-
igi warmoadgens Seucvlel Jurnalisturi masalebis sa- sebuli winaaRmdegobebi. mowmis Cvenebis Semowmeba da Se-
fuZvelze dawyebul gamoZiebas,xSirad ki erTaderTi utyu- faseba grZeldeba mtkicebis mTel procesSi winaswari
ari mtkicebulebis wyaros. gamoZiebisa da sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis mTel sta-
akrZalvas – garkveuli pirebis mowmis saxiT dakiTxvis diaze. mowmis Cvenebis Sefaseba xdeba sisxlis samarTlis
Sesaxeb an maT uflebas uari Tqvan mowmis saxiT Cvenebis saproceso kanonmdeblobis sruli dacviT da im Tavisebu-
micemaze xSirad mowmis imunitetsac uwodeben. rebebis gaTvaliwinebiT, romelic am saxis mtkicebulebas
mowmis Cvenebis Sefaseba xorcieldeba kanonmdeblobiT ganekuTvneba. mowmis Cvenebis Sefasebis kriteriumebi Sesa-
dadgenili sasamarTlo – sagamoZiebo Semowmebis safuZvelze. bamisad SeiZleba sxvadasxva iyos, kerZod: mowmis Cvenebis
kerZod: mowme valdebulia: gamocxaddes gamomZieblis, simarTlis Tu siyalbis sakiTxis dadgena da im mowmis
prokuroris, sasamarTlos gamoZaxebiT. sworad acnobos Cvenebis obieqturi utyuarobis sakiTxis garkveva romlis
yvelaferi, rac saqmis gamo icis da upasuxos dasmul Sesaxebac ar moipoveba monacemebi Segnebulad cru Cveneb-
SekiTxvebs, ar gaamJRavnos saqmesTan dakavSirebiT misTvis is micemis Sesaxeb. mowmis Cvenebis Semowmebisa da Sefase-
cnobili garemoebebi Tu amis Sesaxeb gaafrTxila gamomZie- bisas gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba gaaCnia im garemoebebis
belma, prokurorma, sasamarTlom. dadgenas, rac gavlenas axdens Cvenebis sisworeze, keTilsin-
Tu mowme ar gamocxaddeba arasapatio mizeziT, igi disierebaze. mowmis cru Cvenebis mizezi SeiZleba iyos:
SeiZleba iZulebiT moiyvanon. Cvenebis micemaze uaris Tqmis- mtruli, megobruli an naTesauri urTierToba braldeb-
aTvis, cru Cvenebis micemisaTvis, mowmes daekisreba sisx- ulTan an mis naTesavebTan. analogiuri vrceldeba
lissamarTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba. mowmes ufleba aqvs: dazaralebulzec.
icodes ra saqmis gamoa gamoZaxebuli: Cveneba misces mSob- mowmis Cvenebis Sefasebisas arsebiTi mniSvneloba eni-
liur enaze, Tu man ar icis sisxlis samarTlis procesis Weba 3 ZiriTad faqtors: aRqmas, damaxsovrebasa da gadmo-
ena isargeblos Tarjimnis momsaxurebiT, sakuTari xeliT cemas.
Camoayalibos Tavisi Cveneba da a.S. utyuari Cvenebis miRe- adamianis mier nebismieri informaciis miReba aRqmis

374 375
gziT iwyeba, romelic aseve TaviseburebiT xasiaTdeba aRqmis midrekileba aRqmuli faqtis gazviadebisa da fantaziisadmi,misi
procesSi, aresebiTi aqcenti am SemTxvevaSi unda gakeTdes STagoneba da unari Seucdomlad da srulyofilad gad-
asakze, profesiaze, ganwyobasa da smenaze, aseve mxedveloba- mosces danaSaulebrivi SemTxvevis Sesaxeb aRqmuli da
sa da SegrZnebaze, vinaidan aRqmis sisrulesa da sizusteze damaxsovrebuli faqtobrivi garemoebebi.
swored es faqtorebi axdenen arsebiT zegavlenas. garda mowmis sicruis gamosamJRavneblad ki yvelaze saimedo
amisa aRqmis procesze aseve Zalze uaryofiTad moqmedebs saSualebas Cvenebis micemis motivis (fsiqologiuri qcevis)
emociis iseTi nairsaxeoba, rogoricaa SiSi anu danaSaulis Seswavla warmoadgens, ris gamoc mizanSewonilia im urT-
epizodebis aRqma adamians eqstremalur situaciaSi uxdeba, ierTobis Semowmeba, rac SeiZleba arsebobdes mowmesa da
romelsac Tan axlavs SiSi, ra drosac TiToeuli saxe procesis sxva monawileebs Soris.
emociisa TamaSobs motivirebul rols. es mxolod sityve- Tu mowmis mier winaswari gamoZiebisa da sasamarTlo
bia romelsac adamiani gamoxatavs, sityvebi ki Zalze ganxilvis dros micemul Cvenebebs Soris arsebiTi winaaRm-
mwiria imisaTvis, rom srulad moxdes imis gadmocema degobaa, mxares ufleba aqvs mosamarTlis winaSe daayenos
rasac realurad ganicdis adamiani. Suamdgomloba mocemuli Cvenebis dauSvebel mtkicebulebad
emocia mWidrod aris dakavSirebuli im informacia- cnobis Sesaxeb.
sTanac, romelsac Cven viRebT garemomcveli samyarosagan. 6. eqspertis daskvna. istoriulad cnobilia, rom eqsper-
anu igi warmoiSoba moulodneli movlenis Sedegad, rom- tad moixsenieboda is piri, romelic specialuri codniT
lisTvisac Cven ver movaswariT momzadeba, ver SevZeliT iyo aRWurvili da romelsac ,,xelovan kacs,~ an ,,damfaseb-
yvela informaciis Sekreba, romelic aucilebelia adeqva- elsac~ uwodebdnen, mosamarTleebic swored eqspertTa
turi reaqciisaTvis e.i. emocia ar warmoiSoba, Tu Cven daskvnas eyrdnobodnen – romelTac avaldebdnen SeeswavlaT
vxvdebiT mocemul situacias saWiro monacemebis sakmarisi esa Tu is sakiTxi da warmoedginaT werilobiTi daskvna,
maragiT. aseTi pirebi ki Sesabamisad eqspertebad, xolo maT mier
aRqmis sisruleze garkveul gavlenas axdens agreTve Sedgenili dokumentebi eqspertis daskvnad iwodeboda,
meteologiuri pirobebi (wvima, qari, Tovli da a.S.). romelsac ganaCenis dasabuTebisaTvis iyenebdnen.
damaxsovrebasa da gadmocemazec swored aRniSnuli eqspertis daskvnasTan dakavSirebiT procesualur lit-
faqtorebi axdenen did zegavlenas. damaxsovrebaze did eraturaSi XIXs. 90-ian wlebsa da XXs. dasawyisSi azrTa
gavlenas axdens piris janmrTeloba da asaki, aRqmuli sa- sxvadasxvaoba arsebobda. mecnierTa nawili eqspertis daskv-
gnebis codna da STabeWdilebis siZliere. zemoaRniSnuli nas sxva damamtkicebel sabuTebTan SedarebiT upirates
subieqturi da obieqturi faqtorebi aseve did gavlenas mniSvnelobas aniWebdnen1. moqmedi kanonmdeblobis Tanaxmad,
axdens Cvenebis formirebis procesis mesame Semajamebel marTalia eqspertis daskvna garkveuli TaviseburebiT gam-
stadiaze _ aRqmulisa da damaxsovrebulis gadmocemaze,
romlis drosac mxedvelobaSi unda iqnes miRebuli piris 1 Фойницкий, Курс уголовного судопроизводства, 1899г. стр. 59

376 377
oirCeva, magram misTvis gansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobis mini- Tanamedrove dones da sakmarisia saeqsperto gamokvlevis
Weba dauSvebelia. Casatareblad da kompetenturi daskvnis misaRebad saqmis-
eqspertis daskvnis saproceso forma ganisazRvreba am aTvis mniSvnelovani sakiTxebis Sesaxeb.
saxis mtkicebulebaTa TaviseburebiT. specialuri codna ar miekuTvneba im sayovelTaod cno-
eqspertis daskvna rogorc mtkicebulebis erT-erTi bili, sayovelTaod xelmisawvdomi codnis ricxvs, romel-
saxe arsebiTad gansxvavdeba mowmisa da braldebulis (aseve ic masobrivadaa gavrcelebuli e.i. specialuri codna es
sxva saxis mtkicebulebebisagan)Cvenebisagan ramodenime is codnaa, romelsac profesionalur doneze flobs spe-
garemoebiT. cialistebis mxolod viwro wre. Tavisi xasiaTiT eqspertis
monacemTa wres, romelsac SeiZleba Seicavdes procesis mosazrebebi, romelic gamomdinareobs Catarebuli gamokv-
dasaxelebuli monawileebis Cvenebebi, ganisazRvreba gare- levidan SeiZleba iyo mxolod kategoriuli da safuZv-
moebaTa xasiaTiT,romelic eqvemdebareba mtkicebas mocemul liani1.
saqmeze. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 96-e mux- specialuri codna gaaCnia specialistsac,magram yvela
lis Tanaxmad: eqsperti aris piri, romelsac aqvs special- specialisti rodia eqsperti. procesis es ori monawile
uri codna mecnierebis, teqnikis, xelovnebis an xelobis gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan. eqsperts waredgineba gansa-
dargSi da romelic gamomZiebelma, prokurorma an sasamarT- kuTrebuli moTxovnebi. igi ar unda iyos saqmis SedegiT
lom, braldebulma, damcvelma, dazaralebulma daniSna dainteresebuli piri da unda iyos amave dros kompeten-
specialuri gamokvlevis Casatareblad da sisxlis samar- turi konkretuli sakiTxebis gadawyvetisas.igi
Tlis saqmeze saWiro garemoebaTa Sesaxeb daskvnis Sesad- valdebulia:a.gamocxaddes gamomZieblis, prokuroris,
genad, muSaobs saeqsperto dawesebulebaSi an aqvs licenzia, sasamarTlos gamoZaxebiT;misces Cveneba Catarebul eqsper-
iZleva daskvnas Tavisi saxeliT Catarebuli gamokvlevis tizasTan dakavSirebiT winaswari gamoZiebisas an sasa-
safuZvelze da akisria piradi pasuxismgebloba. marTlo ganxilvis dros;misces dasabuTebuli da obieq-
specialuri codna, gulisxmobs iseT codnas, romel- turi werilobiTi daskvna dasmul kiTxvebze;ganacxados
ic scildeba samarTlebrivi codnisa da sayovelTaod TviTacileba da a.S.
aRiarebuli principebis (WeSmaritebis)farglebs, rom- rac Seexeba uflebas, mas SeuZlia: gaecnos eqspertiz-
lebic gamomdinareoben adamianTa gamocdilebidan da isaTvis saWiro masalebs amoiweros saqmisaTvis saWiro
efuZnebian mas. cnobebi da gadaiRos aslebi; moiTxovos damatebiTi ma-
specialur codnaSi igulisxmeba profesionaluri cod- salebis wardgena; uari Tqvas daskvnis micemaze Tu das-
nis, Cvevebisa da ostatobis iseTi erToblioba, romelic
SeZenilia specialuri ganaTlebis Sedegad an dagrovili 1 eqspertis daskvna SeiZleba iyos dadebiT kategoriuli an uryofiTi
gamocdilebis Sedegad. Seesabameba mecnierebis,teqnikis, kategoriuli. sisxlis samarTlis sap¬r¬oceso kodeqsi aseve iTvaliswinebs
saalbaTo an savaraudo daskvnas romelsac ra Tqma unda mt¬ki¬c¬eb¬u¬lebiTi
xelovnebis an xelobis gansazRvrul sferos ganviTarebis mniSvneloba ar mieniWeba.

378 379
muli sakiTxebi scildeba misi specialuri codnis farglebs eqspertiziT dadgenil Sedegs.eqspertis daskvna struqtu-
an misTvis wardgenili masalebi sakmarisi ar aris daskvnis rulad 3 nawilisagan:Sesavali,aRwerilobiTi da daskvniTi
misacemad; Camoayalibos daskvna ara marto dasmul sakiTx- nawilisagan Sedgeba.
ebze, aramed eqspertizis sagans mikuTvnebul sxva sakiTx- eqspertis daskvnis dasaSveboba fasdeba ramodenime
ebzedac, romelTa gamoc misTvis ar dausvamT kiTxvebi; da parametriT: a.eqspertis kvalifikaciis Sesabamisoba Catare-
a.S. xolo specialisti mxolod saWiro daxmarebas uwevs bul eqspertizasTan; b.kanonmdeblobis sruli dacva; g.
gamomZiebels, prokurorsa da sasamarTlos mtkicebulebaTa nivTier da sxva saxis mtkicebulebaTa dasaSveboba, romel-
aRmoCenaSi, damagrebasa da demonstrirebaSi da ar atarebs ic emsaxureba saeqsperto gamokvlevis obieqtebs.
raime saxis gamokvlevas. eqspertis daskvnis Sefasebis dasabuTeba moicavs Tavis
mtkicebulebaTa sxva saxeebisagan gansxvavebiT kanoni TavSi eqspertis mier gamoyenebuli meTodikis gamoyenebas.
adgens garemoebebs, rodesac –eqspertis daskvnis gareSe ar gamokvlevis dros eqspertis mier Sesrulebuli foto da
SeiZleba iqnes aRiarebuli dadgenilad an daudgenlad suraTi, grafika, cxrili, naxazi, eqspertis daskvnis Se-
iseTi garemoebebi, rogoricaa: a.sikvdilis mizezi; b.janm- madgeneli nawilia.
rTelobisaTvis miyenebuli zianis xarisxi da xasiaTi; SedarebiTi gamokvlevis dros eqspertis mier gakeTeb-
g.braldebulis fizikuri an fsiqikuri mdgomareoba, rode- uli eqsperimentuli tyviebi, masrebi da sxva nimuSebi unda
sac warmoiSveba eWvi, misi Seracxadobis Sesaxeb. daerTos saqmes, rogor nivTieri mtkicebuleba.
braldebulis asaki,rodesac aRniSnuls aqvs mniS- eqspertis daskvna dgeba im SemTxvevaSic, roca eqspert-
vneloba sisxlis samarTlis saqmesaTvis, xolo dokumen- ma gamokvleva daiwyo, magram ver daasrula kvlevis obieqte-
tebi, romelic adasturebs mis asaks, ar arsebobs an iwvevs bis arasakmarisobis an sakuTari arakompetenturobis gamo.
eWvs. Tu gamokvlevis dawyebamde darwmundeba kvlevis obieqte-
mowmisagan gansxvavebiT, eqsperti, rogorc wesi, aRiqvams bis arasakmarisobaSi an sakuTar arakompetenturobaSi, igi
ara iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebs, aramed mtkice- adgens aqts, rom SeuZlebelia eqspertizis Catareba, da am
bulebiT faqtebs. eqspertis daskvnis formirebis process aqts eqspertizisaTvis gagzavnil sagnebTan erTad ugzavnis
win uswrebs eqspertis mier aRqmuli da gamokvleuli mt- organos, romelmac eqspertiza daniSna. Tu mecnierebisa da
kicebulebebis formirebis procesi. teqnikis Tanamedrove done eqspertis winaSe dasmul sakiTx-
kanonma gansazRvra eqspertis daskvnis, rogorc mtkice- ebze pasuxis gacemis SesaZleblobas iZleva,magram eqsperts
bulebaTa erT-erTi saxis arsebiTi xasiaTi:werilobiTi ara aqvs amisaTvis saWiro codna, xelsawyoebi da
xasiaTi. Sinaarsi ki ganisazRvra eqspertisadmi dasmul reaqtivebi,mas ufleba aqvs miuTiTos,romel samecniero-
kiTxvebze pasuxiT romelic unda moicavdes mis mier Catare- kvleviT dawesebulebaSi SeiZleba Catardes aseTi eqsper-
buli gamokvlevis aRweras. eqspertis daskvnaSi mtkiceb- tiza.
ulebis mniSvneloba aqvs rogorc kvleviT nawils, ise Tu saWiro ar aris damatebiTi da axali gamokvlevis

380 381
Catareba eqspertis Cveneba ganmartavs da avsebs mis daskv- nivTieri mtkicebuleba aris danaSaulis iaraRi, dana-
nas. Saulebrivi qmedebis sagani an masze darCenili danaSaulis
saqmis gansakuTrebuli sirTulis an mniSvnelobidan kvali, danaSaulebrivi gziT mopovebuli fuli da faseu-
gamomdinare eqspertizis Catareba SeiZleba daekisros ra- loba, agreTve yvela sxva sagani, romelic SeiZleba iyos
modenime eqsperts. im SemTxvevaSi rodesac eqspertizas danaSaulis aRmoCenis, danaSaulis Camdenis dadgenis an
atarebs erTi specialobis mqone ramodenime eqsperti braldebis uaryofis saSualeba. anu SeiZleba aRmoCenili
ewodeba sakomisio eqspertiza. iqnes aramarto gamamtyunebeli mtkicebulebebi, aramed
amasTan eqspertebs daskvnis micemisas ufleba aqvT iseTebic romelTa meSveobiTac Tavisuflad dadgindeba
mosazrebebi gamoTqvan. Tu komisiis wevrebi mivlen saerTo Caidina Tu ara konkretulma pirma konkretuli qmedeba.
daskvnamde _ isini adgenen erTian daskvnas. eqspertiza, zogjer sagani SeiZleba flobdes nivTieri mtkicebulebis
romlis CatarebaSic monawileoben ramodenime sxvadasxva ramodenime niSans erTad. mag: moparuli nivTi, romelzedac
specialobis mqone eqspertebi ewodeba kompleqsuri eqsper- aRmoCenilia damnaSavis TiTis kvali _ es cvlileba ki
tiza. nivTs SeiZleba ganecada aramarto danaSaulis Cadenis mo-
kompleqsuri eqspertizis warmoebisas yoveli eqsperti mentSi, aramed danaSaulis Cadenamde an Cadenis Semdegac,
atarebs gamokvlevas Tavisi kompetenciis farglebSi. Tu anu es aris Sedegi ara marto uSualo danaSaulis, aramed
ar arsebobs azrTa sxvadsxvaoba eqspertebs Soris, daskvna sxva moqmedebebis Sesaxebac, romelic pirdapir an iribad
formdeba komisiuri eqspertizis wesiT. mowmoben konkretuli piris mier danaSaulis Cadenaze an
7. nivTieri mtkicebulebebi. nivTieri mtkicebuleba uaryofen aRniSnuls.
ewodeba nebismier sagans, romelic Tavisi TvisebebiTa da calke saxed SeiZleba ganvixiloT iseTi sagnebi, rom-
niSnebiT, warmoSobiT, aRmoCenis adgiliTa da droiT, masze lebic imyofebodnen im garemoSi sadac moxda gamosakvlevi
darCenili kvaliT dakavSirebulia saqmis faqtobriv gare- movlena, magram maT ar ganucdiaT saxecvlileba, ar gad-
moebebTan da romelsac SeuZlia xeli Seuwyos WeSmarite-
bis dadgenas1. konkretul sagnebze, moparul purze, Tevzze, gayalbebul sig¬elebze, saqmisaT-
vis mniSvnelovan gadamalul masalebze da a.S. termini nivTieri mtkicebuleba
1 nivTieri damamtkicebeli sabuTi Tavisi mniSvnelobiT yovelTvis i py- pirvelad SemoRebul iqna 1812 wlis 27 ianvars miRebul savele sasamarTlos
robda mecnierTa yuradRebas, rac aris mizezic imisa, rom naSromebis didi warmoebis wesdebaSi, romlis 31-e paragrafSic naTqvamia: ,,saqmes mikuTvnebuli
nawili sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobaSi sw¬o¬r¬ed aRniSnul masalebi (qaRaldebi) SeiZleba iyos dokumentebi, an nivTieri mtkicebulebebi,
sakiTxs ukavSirdeba. am mecnierTa Soris ki SeiZleba gamovyoT: l.e.vladimirovi, romlebic amxelen danaSauls.~ 1864 wels miRebuli sisxlis sasamarTlo
v.k.¬sluCevski, i.i.foinicki, da sxva avtorebi. Zvelia TviT cnebac ,,nivTieri warmoebis wesdeba mtkicebulebebis damoukidebel saxed moixseniebs nivTier
mtkicebul¬ebebi¬sa,~romelic jer kidev mravali saukunis win damkvidrdda. mtkicebulebebs, romelsac miakuTvnebs: ,,iaraRs, romliTac Cadenili danaSauli,
mag: i.eversi mis warmoSobas ruseTsa da saberZneTs So¬ris 911 wels dade- gayalbebul dokumentebs, monetebs, sisxlian an dazianebul sagnebs da saerTod
bul xelSekrulebas ukavSirebs, romlis pirvelive muxlSic avtori ,,Cvene- yvelafers, rac napovnia SemTxvevis adgilis daTvalierebis, Cxrekis an amoRebi-
bi~ qveS mo¬iazrebs ,,yvela garegan niSans, Wrilobas, laqas.~ Zveli ruseTis sas da romelsac SeuZliaT xeli Seuwyon danaSaulis aRmoCenas da damnaSavis
samarTlebriv aqtebSi ki saubaria mtki¬cebulebiTi informaciis matarebel dadgenas.~

382 383
aadgilebulan, Tumca isini Semecnebis obieqtebi SeiZleba gamovlindes da aRiweros sagnis individualuri, xolo Tu
gaxdnen mxolod or SemTxvevaSi: 1. rodesac gamosakvlevi amis SesaZlebloba ar aris gvareobiTi niSnebi, romlis
movlena warmoadgens piris mier moqmedebaTa Seusrule- Sedegebic aisaxeba oqmSi. luqis moxsna da nivTieri mt-
blobas, mag: danaSaulebrivi umoqmedoba da 2. rodesac kicebulebis ganmeorebiT Semowmeba xdeba damswreTa
gamosakvlev movlenas faqtiurad ar hqonia adgili mag: monawileobiT.
danaSaulis inscenireba, yalbi alibi da a.S. nivTieri mtkicebuleba dauSveblad iTvleba Tu uaryo-
aseve aq SeiZleba ganvixiloT iseTi sagnebi an adgili fili ar aris varaudi misi SesaZlo gamocvlis, an misi
sadac uSualod moxda gamosakvlevi movlena, anu SemTxve- niSnebisa da Tvisebebis arsebiTi Secvlis, anda masze dar-
vis adgili romelic garesamyaros nawils da amave dros Cenili kvalis gaqrobis Sesaxeb.
erTgvar nivTier mtkicebulebasac warmoadgens zogierT nivTieri mtkicebulebebi unda Semowmdes da gamokvleul
SemTxvevaSi ki damoukidebeli mtkicebulebis saxiTac war- iqnes sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobiT dadge-
mogvidgeba, romlis daxmarebiTac SesaZlebeli xdeba gakeT- nili wesis Sesabamisad.
des xSir SemTxvevaSi utyuari daskvna momxdar faqtze. saerTo wesidan gamomdinare nivTieri mtkicebuleba aris
magram ar SeiZleba uaryoT erTi garemoeba, kerZod is, rom iribi mtkicebuleba. amitom kargad unda dadgindes maTi
miuxedavad imisa rom gnoseologiuri TvalsazrisiT SemTx- Sesaxeboba sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan. Tumca sagamoZie-
vevis adgili da nivTieri mtkicebuleba faqtiurad iden- bo moqmedebis Catarebis dros yovelTvis ar aris saTanado
turni arian, maT iuridiuli TvalsazrisiT mainc ver ga- SesaZlebloba dadebiTad gadawydes aRniSnuli sakiTxi.
vaTanabrebT – im garemoebis gamo, rom maTi garesamyarodan nivTieri mtkicebulebis formirebis procesualuri
amoReba SeuZlebelia da Sesabamisad masze arc im sisxlis etapi sakmaod rTulia. dawvrilebiT unda iyos dadgenili
samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesis nivTier mtkicebulebaTa utyuaroba, vinaidan rogorc praq-
gavrceleba SeiZleba rac nivTieri mtkicebulebisaTvis aris tika mowmobs nivTieri mtkicebuleba SeiZleba falsificire-
dadgenili. buli iyos dainteresebuli pirebis mier: gayalbebuli,
ukanasknel wlebSi kriminalistikuri teqnikis ganvi- xelovnurad Seqmnili, an saerTod ganadgurebuli. nivTier
Tarebam mtkicebis procesSi Zalze gazarda nivTieri mt- mtkicebulebaTa dasaSvebobis sakiTxis dadgenis mizniT
kicebulebebis mniSvneloba da roli, rac saSualebas gva- umjobesia daikiTxos, braldebuli, dazaralebuli da sxva
Zlevs movaxdinoT mtkicebulebebis srulyofilad aRmo- pirebi garemoebebis Sesaxeb, romelic dakavSirebulia am
Cena, amoReba, fiqsireba da maTi gamoyeneba. sagnebTan, aucileblobidan gamomdinare SesaZlebelia eqsper-
sagani nivTier mtkicebulebad cnobili unda iqnes pro- tizis Catareba, aseve sxva gamoZiebisaTvis mniSvnelovani
cesis mwarmoebeli organos ganCinebiT (dadgenilebiT). sagamoZiebo moqmedebebis Catareba.
nivTieri mtkicebuleba saqmeze darTvamde unda Semowmdes nivTier mtkicebulebas inaxavs procesis mwarmoebeli
da dailuqos damswreTa TandaswrebiT. Semowmebisas unda organo iseT pirobebSi, romlebic gamoricxavs mis da-

384 385
kargvasa da misi Tvisebebis Secvlas. nivTieri mtkiceb- xdeba misi saproceso konfiskacia; b. Tu brunvidan amoRe-
uleba, romelic ar nadgurdeba an mesakuTresa Tu mflobels bul nivTs aqvs raime Rirebuleba, igi gadaecema Sesabamis
ar ubrundeba, inaxeba sisxlis samarTlis saqmis Senaxvis dawesebulebas, xolo Tu mas Rirebuleba ara aqvs nadgur-
vadiT. sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebis periodSi deba; g. sxva nivTi, romelsac Rirebuleba ara aqvs, nadgur-
saxelmwifo bankis dawesebulebebSi unda inaxebodes Zvir- deba, xolo dainteresebuli piris an dawesebulebis
fasi liTonebi, qvebi da Tvlebi, ucxouri valuta, saqarT- SuamdgomlobiT–mas gadaecema; d. danaSaulebrivi gziT mop-
velos fulis niSnebi da sxva fasiani qaRaldebi. ovebuli fuli da faseuloba xmardeba danaSaulis Sedegad
aRniSnuli sagnebi inaxeba sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan miyenebuli zianis anazRaurebas, xolo Tu cnobili ar aris
erTad, Tu mtkicebulebis mniSvneloba aqvs maT individu- piri, romelsac ziani miadga, saxelmwifo biujets gadae-
alur niSnebs. didgabaritiani sagani SeiZleba darCes mis cema; e.dazaralebulis, gamarTlebulis an sxva piris kuT-
mflobelTan anda adgilobrivi mmarTvelobis an TviTmmarT- vnili yvela nivTi da dokumenti, gansasjelisa da im piris
velobis organos warmomadgenelTan, romelic pasuxismge- garda, romelTac maTze qonebrivi pasuxismgebloba ekisre-
beli iqneba am sagnis dacvaze. eqspertizisaTvis gasagzavni baT, ubrundeba mesakuTres an mflobels.
da eqspertisagan miRebuli sagnebi unda iyos daluquli, winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze saqmis Sewyvetisas mate-
rac dadasturebul unda iqnes gamomZieblisa da damswreTa rialuri Rirebulebis mqone nivTieri mtkicebulebis
monawileobiT. igive wesi unda iqnes daculi nivTier mt- ganadgureba,saproceso konfiskacia da gadacema xdeba mx-
kicebulebaTa fostiT gagzavnisa da miRebis dros. olod mosamarTlis dadgenilebis safuZvelze. romelsac
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis Sesabamisad mosamarTle ganixilavs yvela dainteresebuli piris
saqmis warmoebis damTavrebamde gamoZiebis organo mesakuTres monawileobiT, im cnobisa da sxva dokumentis safuZvelze,
an mflobels ubrunebs: malfuWebad sagnebs, yoveldRiur romlebic gamomZiebelma waradgina.
yofa-cxovrebaSi aucilebel sagnebs, Sinaur pirutyvs, nivTieri mtkicebulebis kuTvnilebis gamo dava wydeba
frinvels, sxva cxovelebs, satransporto saSualebebs, Tu samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoebis wesiT. Tu aseTi dava war-
maT yadaRa ara aqvT dadebuli. moiSva, nivTieri mtkicebuleba inaxeba sisxlis samarTlis
aRniSnuli sagnis mesakuTre an kanonieri mflobeli saqmesTan sarCelis safuZvelze gamotanili sasamarTlo
cnobili ar aris, an misi dabruneba SeuZlebelia sxva miz- gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlamde. sasamarTlos,
eziT, sagani unda Cabardes Sesabamis organizacias gamosay- romelic aseT sarCels ganixilavs, ufleba aqvs gamoiTxo-
eneblad, Sesanaxad Tu mosavlelad. vos sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan erTad Senaxuli nivTieri
ganaCenSi, ganCinebasa da dadgenilebaSi saqmis Sewyvetis mtkicebuleba. nivTieri mtkicebulebis gafuWebis, ganadgure-
Sesaxeb nivTieri mtkicebulebis sakiTxi unda gadawydes bis an dakargvis SemTxvevaSi misi mesakuTre an mflobeli
Semdegi formiT: a. Tu danaSaulis iaraRs Rirebuleba ara iRebs fulad kompensacias. aRniSnuli wesi ar vrceldeba
aqvs, igi nadgurdeba, xolo mas aqvs raime Rirebuleba, msjavrdebulis qonebaze, romelic eqvemdebareba saproceso

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konfiskacias, ganadgurebas an samoqalaqo sarCelis anaz- isini miRebulia sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmde-
Raurebas. blobis sruli dacviT. aseTi saxis dokumentis ganmasx-
8. sagamoZiebo moqmedebis, sasamarTlo moqmedebisa da vavebel Taviseburebas warmoadgens is garemoeba, rom misi
sasamarTlo ganxilvis oqmebi.
oqmebi sxva dokumentebi. sagamoZie- Sedgenis subieqtebi arian mxolod kanoniT uflebamosili
bo da sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa oqmebi da sxva dokumentebi, pirebi.
gaTvaliswinebulia sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonm- sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa oqmebis dasaS-
deblobiT. maT qveS rogorc wesi moiazreba materialuri vebobis Sefasebisas unda gairkves misi Semdgenlis kompe-
obieqtebi, romelzedac oficialuri pirebi an moqalaqeebi tenturoba da saproceso kanonmdeblobiT dadgenil
sayovelTaod miRebuli an sxva saSualebebis meSveobiT normebTan misi Sesabamisoba.
afiqsireben sisxlis samarTlis saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa oqmebis Sesax-
mqone garemoebebs. ebobis sakiTxis dadgena, rogorc wesi sirTules warmoad-
dokumentebi iyofa 2 ZiriTad jgufad: sagamoZiebo da gens, vinaidan es mtkicebuleba iqmneba rogorc wesi saqmis
sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa oqmebi; (sssk 125 mux.) sxva doku- warmoebisas da misi kavSiri garemoebebTan, romlebic eqvm-
mentebi (sssk 126 mux.). debarebian mtkicebas, ganisazRvreba danaSaulis kvalis
sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa oqmebi ewodebaT damagrebis aucileblobiT specialurad uflebamosili
werilobiT oqmebs, romelSic gamomZiebeli, prokurori an pirebis mier procesualur dokumentebSi.
sasamarTlo kanoniT dadgenili wesiT uSualo aRqmisa da aseve garkveul sirTules warmoadgens oqmebis utyua-
dakvirvebis gziT afiqsireben faqtebs, romlebic eqvemde- robis gansazRvra. maTi formirebis procesi, romelic
barebian mtkicebas sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze. yvela oqms asaxavs obieqturad arsebuli faqtebis subieqtur aRqmas
ar gaaCnia mtkicebulebaTa damoukidebeli wyaros mniS- procesis mwarmoebeli uflebamosili pirebis mier,moqmedebs
vneloba. sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobis oqmSi arsebuli monacemebis sisworeze. amitom oqmSi gad-
Tanaxmad maT miekuTvneba: oqmebi, romlebic adastureben mocemuli informaciis utyuarobis Sefaseba mdgomareobs
garemoebebsa da faqtebs, SemTxvevis adgilis daTvaliere- dasakvirvebeli obieqtisa da aRqmis fsiqologiuri Tavise-
bis, amoRebis, Cxrekis, dakavebis, amosacnobad wardgenis, an burebis SeswavlaSi.
sagamoZiebo eqperimentis warmoebisas. mtkicebulebaTa mi- sxva dokumenti _ mtkicebulebis es saxe Tavis TavSi
TiTebul wyaroebs ar miekuTvneba mowmis, dazaralebulis, moicavs informaciis materialur matarebels, Tu uka-
braldebulis, eWvmitanilis dakiTxvis oqmebi. am SemTx- nasknels gaaCnia mniSvneloba mtkicebas daqvemdebarebuli
vevaSi mtkicebulebiTi mniSvneloba gaaCnia dasakiTxi piris garemoebis dasadgenad. imisaTvis, rom mtkicebulebad iyos
Cvenebas, romelic dafiqsirebulia dakiTxvis oqmSi da ara aRiarebuli dokumenti unda Seicavdes saqmesTan dakavSire-
TviTon oqms. sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa oqmebs bul monacemebs, aseve informacias, romelic iZleva saSu-
mtkicebulebiTi mniSvneloba gaaCniaT im SemTxvevaSi Tu alebas dadgindes subieqti, romlisganac gamomdinareobs

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dokumenti. monacemebi, romelic dafiqsirebulia dokumentSi samarTlis saqmisaTvis. dokumentebis utyuarobis dadgena
SeiZleba iyos warmodgenili rogorc werilobiTi ise sxva xorcieldeba dokumentebis Sinaarsis analizis gziT.
formiT, es SeiZleba iyos foto, kinogadaReba, audio- 9. nebismieri saxis audio-video Canaweri. sisxlis sa-
videoCanaweri da informaciis sxva matareblebi, romelic marTlis saqmeze winaswari gamoZiebis srulyofili war-
miRebulia, gamoTxovilia an warmodgenilia kanonmdeblobiT moeba aris garantia sasamarTlosaTvis, daadginos saqmeze
dadgenili wesiT. maTi Tavisebureba imaSi mdgomareobs, rom obieqturi WeSmariteba. winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze
isini miiReba rogorc sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze gamoZie- aucilebelia informaciuli uzrunvelyofa, raTa gamoZie-
bis dawyebamde, ise gamoZiebis warmoebis, ganaCenis dadgeni- bis organoebma gansazRvron versiebi da sagamoZiebo moq-
sa da misi kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdgomac. medebebis mimarTulebebi.
dokumenti aris nivTieri mtkicebuleba Tu igi Seucv- winaswari gamoZiebis aseTi informaciuli uzrunvely-
lelia, vinaidan masze dafiqsirebuli faqtebi unikaluria ofa umetesad arasaproceso saSualebebiT xdeba. kerZod:
(mag: mxolod erTi egzempliaria, mag: safinanso-dokumentis operatiul-samZebro informaciis roli mniSvnelovania
gayalbebis kvaliT, im dokumentebisagan gansxvavebiT, mtkicebis procesSi. igi gansazRvravs im sagnebis wres
romelTac gaaCniT nivTieri mtkicebulebis niSnebi). romlebic SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnen mtkicebulebad sisx-
yvela dokumenti SeiZleba davyoT 2 jgufad: oficial- lis samarTlis procesSi. faruli audio – video Canaweri
uri da kerZo dokumentebad. oficialuri dokumentebi operatiuli informaciaa. misi faruli xasiaTi pirdapir
SeiZleba iqnes warmodgenili dawesebulebis, organizacii- miuTiTebs samZebro xasiaTze, teqnikuri saSualebebiT mop-
sa da Tanamdebobis piris mier. oficialuri dokumentebis ovebuli informaciis mniSvneloba sadavo ar aris, radgan
rekvizitebi unda akmayofilebdes yvela moTxovnas, raTa es sakmaod zustia. amasTan, teqnikuri saSualebebis gamoy-
ar warmoiSvas eWvi maTi utyuarobis Sesaxeb. zogierT enebiT informaciis fiqsaciis mniSvnelovan rols ganapi-
SemTxvevaSi ki warmoSobili eWvi SeiZleba uaryofil iqnes robebs misTvis damaxasiaTebeli SesaZlebloba, daafiqsiros
aseve axali mtkicebulebis miRebis gziTac (mag: dakiTxvis faqtebi da obieqtebi dinamikaSi, rac saSualebas iZleva
gziT). kerZo dokumentebisaTvis (werili, dRiuri, Canaweri warmatebiT iqnes gadawyvetili sakmaod rTuli amocanebi.
da a.S.) raime sxva savaldebulo forma, ra Tqma unda ar teqnikuri saSualebebis gamoyenebiT SesaZlebelia: re-
arsebobs. aluri viTarebisa da sagamoZiebo moqmedebebis dokumenturi
sxva dokumentebi _ es aris Senacvlebadi saxis mtkice- sizustiT asaxva, dafiqsirebuli informaciis Senaxva da
buleba, igi SeiZleba iyos nawarmoebi, vinaidan mtkiceb- gamoyeneba winaswari gamoZiebisas da sasamarTlo ganxilvis
ulebiTi mniSvneloba gaaCnia mxolod maT Sinaarss. stadiaze. nebismier dros, aseTi Tvisebebis mqone informa-
sxva dokumentebis Sesaxebobis sakiTxi ki ganisazRvre- cia, mniSvnelovan rols asrulebs saqmeze WeSmaritebis
ba maTi SemadgenlobiT. kerZod, im faqtebis dadgenis dadgenaSi. audio Tu videoCanaweri asaxavs saqmisaTvis
SesaZleblobiT, romelsac mniSvneloba gaaCnia sisxlis mniSvnelobis mqone garemoebebs da amtkicebs saqmisaTvis

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mniSvnelovan ama Tu im faqts, amgvari informacia mier, romlis winaaRmdeg mimarTuli iyo danaSauli da rome-
s.s.procesSi CarTvis Semdeg pirdapir mtkicebulebaa, lic aris saubris an qmedebis monawile; b.teqnikuri saSuale-
romelsac taqtikuri TvalsazrisiTac udidesi mniSvnelo- biT SemTxveviT, rac asaxavs ganxorcielebul qmedebas~.
ba aqvs, radgan am masalis wardgenas SeuZlia udidesi faruli Canawerisas farTod gamoiyeneba faruli saSu-
fsiqologiuri zewola moaxdinos eWvmitanilsa Tu bral- alebebi sisxlis samarTlis procesSi. operatiul-samZebro
debulze. saqmianoba xorcieldeba Ria da konspiraciuli RonisZiebe-
garda amisa, faruli audio-videoCanaweri s.s. procesSi bis SeTanxmebis principis safuZvelze. rac operatiul-
SeiZleba mowmis Cvenebis Sesamowmeblad iqnes gamoyenebuli. samZebro saqmianobisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli da imavdroulad
es metad efeqturi saSualebaa cru informaciis gamosav- sxva antikriminaluri xasiaTis iuridiuli saqmianobisagan
lenad. ganmasxvavebeli Tvisebaa.
faruli audio-videoCanaweris safuZvliani analizis faruli audio-videoCanaweris mtkicebulebad aRiarebiT
Sedegad SesaZlebelia damatebiTi mtkicebulebiTi infor- iSleba yvela es mijna operatiul – samZebro saqmianobasa
maciis miReba, aseve am informaciis safuZvelze. Semdgomi da sisxlis samarTlis process Soris.
sagamoZiebo moqmedebebis ganxorcielebis ufro efeqturi sisxlis samarTlis procesSi faruli audio-video
taqtikis SerCeva. faruli audio-videoCanaweridan miRebu- Canaweri mtkicebulebad SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnes mas
li informaciis safuZvelze sagamoZiebo organoebs Seu- Semdeg, rac moxdeba misi saproceso kodeqsis moTxovnaTa
ZliaT gansazRvron im pirTa wre, romelTac kavSiri aqvT dacviT misi ganxilva da gadawyveta. uSualod saproceso
danaSaulebriv qmedebasTan, daadginon misi savaraudo dro urTierTobis farglebSi ki audio – video Canaweris
da adgili, agreTve gaarkvion danaSaulis Cadenis pirobebi farulad warmoeba dauSvebelia:es dasaSvebia mxolod aras-
da mizezebi1. aproceso saSualebiT, rac ar gamoricxavs am informaciis
faruli audio-videoCanaweri sisxlis samarTlis pro- mtkicebis procesSi gamoyenebas. raimes Sesaxeb informacia
cesis mier 2004 wlis 13 Tebervalsa da 2005 wlis 25 SesaZloa miviRoT saproceso formis daucvelad,magram
martis cvlilebebis Sedegad – aRiarebuli iqna mtkiceb- amgvari informaciis gamoyenebiT mtkiceba s.s.procesis far-
ulebis damoukidebel saxed. saqarTvelos sisxlis samarT- glebSi unda ganxorcieldes.
lis saproceso kodeqsis 110-e muxlis Tanaxmad, ,,mtkiceb- mtkiceba rTuli procesia, romelic moicavs TiTqmis
ulebad s.s.procesSi dasaSvebia nebismieri saxis audio- yvela saproceso moqmedebas da uzrunvelyofs sisxlis
video Canaweri. romlis mopovebisas adgili ar hqonia samarTalwarmoebis amocanebis Sesrulebas saqmeze WeSmar-
piradi cxovrebis saidumloebis darRvevas. faruli audio- itebis dadgeniT. mtkicebis process Seadgens yvela is
video Canaweri, Tu igi dafiqsirebulia: a.farulad im piris saproceso moqmedeba, romelic mtkicebulebaTa mopovebis,
Semowmebisa da Sefasebis mizniT ganxorcielda. informacia,
1 g.mefariSvili ,,miRwevebi Tu danakargebi?~ marTlmsajuleba da kanoni
2006w. #5
romelsac mtkicebulebiTi mniSvneloba aqvs mopovebuli

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unda iqnes mtkicebis procesis farglebSi, saproceso moq- dRebod. mTavari am SemTxvevaSi mtkicebulebis mopovebis
medebebis Sedegad. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi miRebuli cnobebi saSualebaa. Tu audiovideoCanaweri, romelic SesaZloa
ar daerTveba saqmes da ar iqneba gamoyenebuli mtkicebule- faruladac iqnes Cawerili, aRmoCenili iqneba mtkicebis
bad. s.s.saproceso kodeqsma faruli audio-video Canaweri procesSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebis dawyebis
mtkicebulebis saxed miiCnia. magram, cxadia, rom misi mop- Semdeg, informaciis mtkicebulebiTi mniSvneloba saeWvo ar
oveba xdeba arasaproceso saSualebiT. amdenad, is ar gane- aris. faruli audio – video Canaweric imisaTvis, rom es
kuTvneba mtkicebiTi samarTlis sferos. mis mopovebaSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmes daerTos mtkicebulebad. aucile-
uSualod ar monawileobs da am process ar akontrolebs blad unda gairkves misi warmoSobis wyaro da masSi moce-
arc sagamoZiebo organo da arc sasamarTlo, arada swored muli informaciis utyuaroba da saimedooba. es moTxovne-
sisxlis samarTalwarmoebis organoebis mier informaciis bi waeyeneba ara mxolod farul audio-video Canawers
gamovlenis, miRebisa da damagrebis mizniT ganxorcielebuli aramed nebismieri saxis mtkicebulebaTa Semowmebasa da
moqmedebebis erToblioba uzrunvelyofs informaciis maqsi- saproceso damagrebas.
malur sizustes da qmnis misi saimedoobis damatebiT ga- faruli audio-videoCanaweris Semowmebis ramdeni saSu-
rantiebs. zemoTqmulidan gamomdinare, nebismieri audio- aleba arsebobs. upirveles yovlisa ki aucilebelia mowmis
video Canaweris aRiareba mtkicebulebis damoukidebel saxed saxiT daikiTxos Canaweris mwarmoebeli piri. mowmis
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi aramarTlzomieria. dakiTxva sagamoZiebo moqmedebaa, xolo Tavad mowmis Cven-
Tumca es ar gulisxmobs imas, rom obieqturi sinamd- ebac mtkicebulebis saproceso wyaro. faruli audio-
vilis amsaxveli informacia, romelic realurad arsebobs, video Canaweris mwarmoeblis dakiTxviT xdeba mtkiceb-
roca saqmis Ziebisas s.s.procesis mizani yovelTvis ar ulebis iseTi saxis mopoveba, rogoricaa mowmis Cveneba,
miiRweva, nebismierma informaciam SesaZloa gadamwyveti romelSic asaxvas povebs operatiuli gziT mopovebuli
roli Seasrulos saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgenaSi. araerTi informacia. amgvarad, am gziT SesaZlebelia operatiul-
gauxsneli saqmidan aSkaraa:sagamoZiebo praqtikis winaSe samZebro saqmianobis Sedegad miRebuli faruli audio-
dgas problema, romlis gadasaWrelad saWiroa ganviTardes video CanawerSi mocemuli informacia gaxdes saproceso
mtkicebulebaTa mopovebis saSualebebi da gaizardos maTi wyaros Sinaarsi, rac Tavis mxriv SesaZlebels xdis TviT
efeqturoba. amisaTvis, pirvel rigSi, aucilebelia faruli audio – video CanawerSi mocemuli informacia
s.s.procesSi gafarTovdes mtkicebulebiTi baza da uzrun- gaxdes saproceso wyaros Sinaarsi, da gamoyenebuli iqnes
velyofil iqnes damnaSaveTa mier kvalis saxiT datovebuli mtkicebulebad.
yvela SesaZlo informaciis maqsimalurad gamodevna da
gamoyeneba. Tu gamoZiebis organoebi aRmoaCenen audio an
viodeo Canawers, romelic danaSaulebrivi qmedebis ama Tu
im garemoebas asaxavs, is ver iqneba datovebuli uyura-

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$5. mtkicebulebaTa klasifikacia monacemebi, romlebic amarTleben pirs garkveuli danaSau-
lis CadenaSi an amsubuqeben mis mdgomareobas. mag: Tu
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi gamoZiebisa da sasamarT- dadginda, rom braldebuli danaSaulis Cadenis dros im-
loSi saqmis ganxilvis etapze mravalricxovan faqtebTan yofeboda sxva qalaqSi, es imas niSnavs, rom am momentSi
gvaqvs saqme, amitom saWiroa mtkicebulebaTa klasifikacia mas ar SeeZlo Caedina mkvleloba, aRniSnuli garemoebis
anu dayofa calkeul saxeebad garkveuli niSnebis mixedviT, dadgena ki amarTlebs pirs danaSaulis CadenaSi da war-
rac xels uwyobs dasabuTebuli daskvnebis formirebas moadgens gamamarTlebel mtkicebulebas.
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze. arsebobs iseTi kategoriis mtkicebulebebi, rodesac
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi miRebulia mtkicebule- mtkicebulebis erT saxeSi (wyaroSi) dadgenilia rogorc
baTa klasifikaciis 4 saxe, kerZod: 1. gamamarTlebeli da gamamarTlebeli ise gamamtyunebeli faqtebi, mag: eqspertis
gamamyunebeli mtkicebulebebi; 2. pirveladi da warmoebuli daskvna, rom fexis kvali SemTxvevis adgilze datovebulia
mtkicebulebebi; 3. pirdapiri da iribi mtkicebulebebi; 4. braldebulis mier (gamamtyunebeli mtkicebulebaa),xolo
pirovnuli da nivTieri mtkicebulebebi. TiTis anabeWdi saganze datovebuli ar aris braldebulis
1. gamamarTlebeli da gamamtyunebeli mtkicebulebebi. mier (gamamarTlebeli mtkicebulebaa).
mtkicebulebaTa dayofas gamamtyunebel an gamamarTlebel gamamarTlebeli da gamamtyunebeli mtkicebulebebi
mtkicebulebad safuZvlad udevs braldebis sagani e.i. Tu Tavis Sefasebas pouloben sabraldebo daskvnaSi. xolo
ra urTierTobaSia mtkicebuleba braldebis saganTan. aRniS- sabolood ki sasamarTlos ganaCenSi. sabraldebo daskvna,
nul dayofas gaaCnia rogorc Teoriuli, ise udidesi praq- rogorc winaswari gamoZiebis Semajamebeli iuridiuli
tikuli mniSvnelobac. vinaidan, yvela sisxlis samarTlis dokumenti unda Seicavdes mtkicebulebaTa TvalsaCino da
saqmeze unda iqnes dadgenili, rogorc braldebulis mamx- damajerebel analizs. rac TavisTavad exmareba sasamarTlos
ilebeli, ise misi gamamarTlebeli garemoebani, rogorc saqmis arsebiTad ganxilvisas swori da dasabuTebuli gad-
braldebulis bralis damamtkicebeli, ise bralis Semamsub- awyvetilebis miRebaSi. vinaidan ganaCenis dasabuTeba aseve
uqebeli garemoebani. SeuZlebelia mtkicebulebaTa amgvari dayofisa da maTi
gamamatyunebel mtkicebulebebs warmoadgenen faqtiuri analizis gareSe.
monacemebi, romlebic amtyunebs pirs danaSaulis CadenaSi swored aRniSnulidan gamomdinare aqvs mtkicebulebaTa
an amZimebs mis pasuxismgeblobasa da procesualur mdgo- amgvar dayofas didi Teoriuli da praqtikuli mniSvnelo-
mareobas. mag: eqspertis daskvna imis Sesaxeb, rom SemTxve- ba.
vis adgilze TiTis anabeWdi datovebulia eWvmitanilis an 2. pirveladi da warmoebuli mtkicebulebebi. mtkice-
braldebulis mier warmoadgens gamamtyunebel mtkicebule- bulebaTa aseT dayofas safuZvlad udevs mtkicebulebis
bas. miRebis wyaro. pirvelad anu Tavdapirvel mtkicebulebebs
gamamarTlebel mtkicebulebebs ki miekuTvneba faqtiuri miekuTvneba is mtkicebuleba romelic miRebulia pirveli

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wyarodan. warmoebuli mtkicebulebas ki miekuTvneba iseTi dadgenili wesiT, warmoebuli mtkicebuleba SeiZleba
mtkicebuleba, romelic miRebulia meore wyarodan. daubrundes mis mflobels, xolo saqmeSi unda darCes
pirvelad mtkicebulebebs warmoadgens mag: danaSau- pirveladi mtkicebuleba.
lebrivi faqtis TviTmxilveli mowmis Cveneba, xolo im warmoebuli mtkicebuleba mxolod maSin SeiZleba iyos
mowmis Cveneba movlenaze, romelic mas piradad ar unaxia, saqmeSi,rodesac pirveladi mtkicebulebis saqmeze darTva
magram moismina (gadmocemiT icis) sxva pirisagan aris praqtikulad SeuZlebelia swrafadfuWebadobis an didi
nawarmoebi mtkicebuleba. aseve SemTxvevis adgilze aRmo- moculobis gamo.
Cenili fexis kvali, an dokumentis originali pirveladi 3. pirdapiri da iribi mtkicebulebebi. mtkicebulebaTa
mtkicebulebaa, xolo fexis kvalidan damzadebuli tvifari dayofas pirdapir da iribad (arapirdapirad) safuZvlad
an dokumentis asli ki aris nawarmoebi mtkicebuleba. udevs mtkicebulebis kavSiri mtkicebis saganTan (garemoe-
nawarmoebi mtkicebulebis gamoyenebis yvela SemTx- bebTan, romlebic unda damtkicdes yvela sisxlis samarT-
vevaSi cnobili unda iyos misi miRebis wyaro (mag: TviT- lis saqmeze).
mxilveli) da unda moxdes aRniSnuli piris dakiTxva. mtkicebuleba, romelic uSualo kavSirSia mtkicebis
vinaidan movlenis TviTmxilveli, gadmoscems faqts zustad saganTan, pirdapir da uSualod amtkicebs mtkicebis sagans
da ufro srulad, vidre is pirovneba, romelmac aRniSnu- an mis romelime elements, warmoadgens pirdapir mtkiceb-
lis Sesaxeb gadmocemiT icis. ulebas. mag: Tu mowme iZleva Cvenebas, rom man uSualod
TviTmxilvelis Cvenebis Semowmeba gacilebiT martivia ixila mkvlelobis faqti, aseTi Cveneba warmoadgens pirda-
da utyuari. amitom aris ufro misaRebi. Tu SeuZlebelia pir mtkicebulebas, radgan miuTiTebs da adgens mtkicebis
ama Tu im monacemis dadgena romlis Sesaxebac iZleva in- sagnis elementebs: danaSaulis SemTxvevasa da konkretuli
formacias dasakiTxi piri es informacia kargavs Tavis piris mier danaSaulis Cadenas.
mtkicebulebiT mniSvnelobas. ar SeiZleba mtkicebulebiTi mtkicebuleba romelic pirdapir da uSualod ar amt-
mniSvneloba hqondes iseT faqtiur monacems, romelsac kicebs mtkicebis sagans an mis romelime elements, magram
flobs mowme da ar SeuZlia miuTiTos informaciis wyaroze. sxva mtkicebulebaTa erTobliobaSi da obieqtur kavSirSi
aRniSnuli vrceldeba dazaralebulis Cvenebazec. mtkiceb- iZleva imis saSualebas, rom dadgindes saqmeze mtkicebis
ulebaTa dayofas pirvelad da warmoebulad is praqtikuli sagani an misi romelime elementi, ewodeba iribi mtkiceb-
mniSvneloba aqvs, rom sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi yovelT- uleba.
vis unda inaxebodes pirveladi mtkicebuleba, radgan war- arapirdapir (irib) mtkicebulebaTa gamoyenebis dros
moebul mtkicebulebasTan SedarebiT igi ufro axloa si- mTavaria damtkicdes dadgenili faqtebis kavSiri mocemul
namdvilesa da obieqturobasTan. Tu sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan da maTi erToblioba sakmarisi iyos saqmeze WeS-
saqmeSi erTdroulad aris rogorc pirveladi ise warmoe- maritebis dasadgenad. arapirdapir mtkicebulebas warmoad-
buli mtkicebuleba, saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi da kanoniT gens mag: eqspertis daskvna imis Sesaxeb, rom maRaziaSi,

398 399
daxlze TiTis anabeWdi datovebulia konkretuli piris $6. mtkicebis procesi
marjvena xelis Sua TiTiT. eqspertis aRniSnuli daskvna
ar amtkicebs mtkicebis sagnis arc erT elements, magram mtkicebis procesi mtkicebiTi samarTlis erT-erTi
Tu am faqtis garda, dadgenili iqneba sxva garemoebebi, ZiriTadi sakiTxia. mtkicebis procesi aris procesis mwar-
kerZod, misi binis Cxrekis dros aRmoCenili sxvadasxva moebeli piris (gamomZiebeli, prokurori, sasamarTlo,
sagnebi da a.S. erTobliobaSi iZleva saSualebas davadginoT mosamarTle) da procesis sxva monawileTa (eWvmitanili,
mtkicebis sagani, piris braleuloba. braldebuli, gansasjeli, damcveli, dazaralebuli da a.S.)
4. pirovnuli da nivTieri mtkicebulebebi. mtkicebule- kanonis dacvis safuZvelze mtkicebulebaTa Sekrebisa da
baTa dayofas pirovnulad da nivTierad safuZvlad udevs aRmoCenis, maTi procesualuri damagrebis, Semowmebisa da
mtkicebulebiTi faqtebisa da garemoebebis aRqma da misi Sefasebis procesi. romelic miznad isaxavs saqmeze WeSmar-
gadmocema. itebis dadgenas. mtkicebis procesi, rogorc Semecnebis
pirovnulia iseTi mtkicebuleba, romelic formdeba procesi, xorcieldeba sisxlis samarTlis procesis yvela
werilobiTi formiT. pirovnul mtkicebulebebs miekuT- stadiaze garkveul TaviseburebaTa gaTvaliswinebiT.
vneba dakiTxvis oqmi, Cvenebis adgilze Semowmebis Catare- mtkicebis procesis Sedegs warmoadgens rogorc Su-
bis oqmi, eqspertis daskvna da a.S. aleduri, ise Sedegobrivi gadawyvetilebis miReba sisxlis
nivTieria iseTi mtkicebuleba, romelic gamosaxulia samarTlis saqmeze.
materialuri obieqtebis saxiT, mag: fexis kvali, nivTebi, mtkicebis procesi Sedgeba 4 safexurisagan, kerZod:1.
sagnebi, faseuloba da a.S. materialuri obieqtebis Semcveli mtkicebulebaTa aRmoCena da Sekreba; 2.mtkicebulebaTa sap-
informacia gadmocemulia ara sityvieri formiT, aramed roceso damagreba; 3.mtkicebulebaTa Semowmeba; 4.mtkiceb-
sagnis niSnebis uSualo aRqmiT. nivTieri mtkicebuleba ulebaTa Sefaseba.
saWiroebs dawvrilebiT aRweras misi zogadi da kerZo mtkicebuleba Cndeba mxolod subieqtis procesualuri
niSnebis fiqsirebas, aRmoCenis adgilis aRweras, misgan moqmedebis Sedegad romlis warmoebaSic imyofeba sisxlis
tvifaris damzadebis procesis asaxvas da a.S. samarTlis saqme, amitom mtkicebis procesi warmoudgene-
yoveli mtkicebuleba unda Sefasdes yovelmxrivad, lia gamoZiebis organos, gamomZieblis, prokuroris, sasa-
kritikulad, obieqturad da aseTi Sefasebis Sedegad gan- marTlos saqmianobis gareSe. romlis Sedegsac warmoadgens
isazRvros maTi procesualuri Zala da mniSvneloba. miRebuli mtkicebulebebi.
mtkicebulebaTa Sekreba _ mtkicebulebaTa aRmoCena da
Sekreba xdeba sxvadasxva gziT, kerZod: sagamoZiebo da
sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa Catarebis dros, procesis mwar-
moebeli piris mier mtkicebulebaTa gamoTxovis gziT;
procesis monawileTa mier mtkicebulebaTa wardgeniT; mt-

400 401
kicebulebaTa Sekrebas axdenen gamomZiebeli, prokurori, damcvels, agreTve dazaralebuls, samoqalaqo mosar-
sasamarTlo, Sesabamisad sisxlis samarTlis saproceso Celisa da samoqalaqo mopasuxis warmomadgenlebs ufleba
kodeqsis 128-e muxlis Tanaxmad mtkicebulebaTa Sekreba aqvT: gamoiTxovon cnoba, daxasiaTeba, dokumentebi saxelm-
xdeba winaswari gamoZiebis, sasamarTlo ganxilvis, saapel- wifo an kerZo dawesebulebidan, sawarmodan, organizaciidan,
acio warmoebisa da ganaCenis aRsrulebis procesSi. sakasa- romelic valdebulia Seasrulos aseTi moTxovna, mimarTon
cio warmoebis stadiaze warmodgenili an gamoTxovili mcodne pirs gamoTqvas Tavisi azri saqmis gamo wamoWrili
damatebiTi masala, romelic ar aris mtkicebuleba, TavisTa- specialuri sakiTxis gansamartavad, Catarebuli eqspertizis
vad an saqmeSi arsebul mtkicebulebebTan erTad SeiZleba Sesafaseblad da Suamdgomlobis dasasabuTeblad.
gaxdes ganaCenis an sxva sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis gau- damcvelisa da warmomadgenlis mier mopovebuli ma-
qmebisa Tu Secvlis safuZveli. salebi, dokumentebi, cnobebi unda daerTos saqmes da
mtkicebulebaTa aRmoCenisa da miRebis ZiriTad saSuale- SeiZleba waredginos sasamarTlos, rogorc mtkicebule-
bas warmoadgens sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moqmedebaTa bani.
Catareba, mtkicebulebTa aRmoCena da miReba xdeba iseT damcvelis dasabuTebuli moTxovna sagamoZiebo moqmede-
sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa Catarebis gziT, rogoricaa dakiTx- bis Catarebis Sesaxeb savaldebuloa gamomZieblisa da
va, amoReba, Cxreka, daTvaliereba, sagamoiZebo eqsperimenti, prokurorisaTvis. Catarebuli sagamoZiebo moqmedebis oqmi
gvamis eqshumacia, Cvenebis adgilze Semowmeba, eqspertizis unda daerTos sisxlis samarTlis saqmes, xolo misi asli
Catareba, nimuSebis miReba saeqsperto kvlevisaTvis. gadaeces damcvelsac, romelsac ufleba aqvs daimowmos
sasamarTlo ganxilvisa da saapelacio warmoebis isini piris udanaSaulobis an pasuxismgeblobis Semamsub-
stadiebze mtkicebulebaTa Sekreba sasamarTlos SeuZlia uqebel garemoebaTa dasamtkiceblad.
daavalos gamomZiebels an prokurors, Tu amisaTvis saWiroa mtkicebulebaTa saprocesi damagreba. arc erT mtkice-
Cxreka, amoReba, gvamis eqshumacia an sxva sagamoZiebo mo- bulebas ar aqvs winaswar gansazRvruli mniSvneloba sisx-
qmedeba, romlis Catarebac sasamarTlo sxdomaze ver xe- lis samarTlis saqmeze. mas procesualuri mniSvneloba
rxdeba. SeiZleba mieniWos mxolod im SemTxvevaSi Tu igi miRebuli
mtkicebulebaTa warmodgena SeuZliaT aseve eWvmitanils, iqneba saproceso kanonis moTxovnaTa dacviT da amave dros
braldebuls, damcvels, dazaralebuls, samoqalaqo mosar- saTanadod procesualurad damagrebuli. kerZod, mtkiceb-
Celes, samoqalaqo mopasuxes, maT warmomadgenlebs, nebis- ulebis mniSvnelobis cnoba unda iqnes Setanili sagamoZie-
mier moqalaqes da organizacias. mag: moqalaqem, saxelmwifo bo moqmedebis an sasamarTlo ganxilvis oqmSi. nivTieri
da sazogadoebrivma dawesebulebam SeiZleba Tavisi inicia- mtkicebuleba ki unda aRiweros oqmSi da daerTos saqmes
tiviT warmoadginon mtkicebulebebi, Tu maT miaCniaT, rom ganCinebiT (dadgenilebiT). sasamarTlo moqmedebis oqmi da
maT mflobelobaSi myof sagans, nivTs, dokuments kavSiri dokumenti saqmes unda daerTos specialurad gamotanili
aqvs sisxlis samarTlis saqmesTan. dadgenilebis gareSe.

402 403
mticebulebaTa damagrebis mizniT gamoiyeneba ara mx- obieqturad.
olod oqmi, aramed teqnikuri saSualebebi: fotoaparati, mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba xdeba procesis yvela stadi-
videoparati, kinoaparati. maTi gamoyenebis Sesaxeb ki unda aze. kanoni adgens procesis yvela stadiisaTvis saerTo
mieTiTos Sesabamis sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa oqmebSi, xolo moTxovnebs mtkicebulebaTa Sefasebisas.
Sesabamisi masalebi ki daerTos sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa mtkicebulebaTa Sefasebis dros gaTvaliswinebuli unda
oqmebs. iqnes eWvmitanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis, dazarale-
mtkicebulebaTa Semowmeba _ mtkicebulebaTa Semowmebas bulis, mowmis Cvenebis formirebis procesic, romelsac
axorcielebs gamomZiebeli, prokurori da sasamarTlo, e.i. SeuZlia garkveuli zemoqmedeba moaxdinos Cvenebis aRiare-
mtkicebulebaTa Semowmeba xorcieldeba procesis yvela bis obieqturobaze,mxedvelobaSi unda iyos miRebuli faqte-
stadiaze, Semowmebas eqvemdebareba rogorc faqtiuri mo- bisa da garemoebaTa aRqma, damaxsovreba da gadmocema.
nacemebi, aseve maTi miRebis wyaroebi, aseve nebismieri mt- CvenebaTa Sefasebis dros gaTvaliwinebuli unda iyos
kicebulebebi cal-calke. mtkicebulebaTa Semowmebas axor- aRqmis rogorc subieqturi, ise obieqturi garemoebani
cieleben saxelmwifo organoebi da uflebamosili pirebi, romlebic gavlenas axdenen CvenebaTa sisworeze.
romelTa saqmianobazec aris damokidebuli Sesabamisi pro- CvenebaTa Sefasebis dros aseve gaTvaliwinebul unda
cesualuri gadawyvetilebis miReba. procesis sxva sub- iqnes aRqmuli da damaxsovrebuli Cvenebis gadmocemis un-
ieqtebi mxolod iReben monawileobas mtkicebulebaTa ari.
SemowmebaSi. mtkicebulebaTa Semowmeba xdeba saproceso Tu CvenebaTa Sefasebis procesSi dadgindeba, rom pirs
moqmedebaTa saSualebiTa da logikuri gziT. ar SeeZlo sworad da srulyofilad aReqva danaSaulis
mecnierebisa da teqnikis miRwevebi aqtiurad inergeba CadenasTan dakavSirebuli faqtebi da garemoebebi, am SemTx-
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi. mag: calkeuli eqspertizis vevaSi, kanonis Sesabamisad, unda dainiSnos fsiqiatriuli
Catarebis gziT. videoCanaweris gamoyenebis gziT mtkiceb- an kompleqsuri fsiqiatriul-fsiqologiuri eqspertiza.
ulebaTa Semowmebisas da a.S. eWvmitanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis CvenebaTa Se-
kanonma gansazRvra maTi saTanadod fiqsaciis proce- fasebis dros unda iqnes gaTvaliswinebuli da amave dros
sualuri wesi. kritikulad Sefasebuli bralis aRiarebis faqti, gaTqma,
mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba _ mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba TviTgaTqma da alibi.
warmoadgens mtkicebis procesis aucilebel da Semjamebel bralis aRiareba ar SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iyos utyu-
safexurs, mtkicebulebaTa Sefaseba warmoadgens gamomZieb- ar mtkicebulebad misi kritikuri Sefasebis gareSe. bralis
lis, prokuroris, mosamarTlis azrobriv da logikur aRiareba SeiZleba arasworad iyos miCneuli, Tu Sefasebis
process. mtkicebulebaTa Sefasebisas isini xelmZRvanelo- procesSi dadginda, rom bralis aRiarebas adgili hqonda
ben TavianTi Sinagani rwmeniT, afaseben mtkicebulebebs garkveuli Tanxis miRebis mizniT da a.S.
kanonis dacvis safuZvelze yovelmxriv, srulyofilad da Sefasebis procesSi yuradReba unda gamaxvildes iseTi

404 405
faqtis dadgenaze, rogoricaa gaTqma. gaTqma niSnavs imas, Tavi VII
rom eWvmitanili, braldebuli, gansasjeli amxels dana-
SaulSi sxva pirs im mizniT, rom aicilos pasuxismge- pasuxismgebloba winaswari gamoZiebis dros da
bloba. TviTgaTqma ki gulisxmobs piris mier Tavisi dana- sasamarTloSi saproceso movaleobaTa
Saulis aRiarebas (im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac mas aRniSnuli Seusruleblobisa da wesrigis darRvevisaTvis
qmedeba ar Caudenia) im mizniT, rom dafaros mis mier
Cadenili mZime danaSauli da gamoZieba, sasamarTloSi saqmis sisxlis samarTlis saqmis srulyofili, yovelmxrivi
ganxilva warmarTos araswori gziT. da obieqturi gamoZiebisaTvis, sasamarTloSi ganxilvisa da
aseve kritikulad unda Semowmdes alibi. (alibi – niS- gadawyvetisaTvis, sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi
navs imas, rom danaSaulis Cadenis dros piri imyofeboda garkveul garantiebs iZleva, winaswari gamoZiebis dros da
sxva adgilze da am dros da am momentSi ar SeeZlo Cae- sasamarTloSi saproceso movaleobaTa Seusruleblobisa
dina mocemuli danaSauli). alibis gancxadebis SemTxvevaSi da wesrigis darRvevisaTvis pasuxismgeblobis dawesebiT.
daculi unda iqnes 2 piroba: alibis Sesaxeb dawvrilebiT am garantiaTa jgufSi calke unda gamovyoT: a) sisxlis
unda iyos dakiTxuli pirovneba da Cvenebis siswore unda samarTlis procesis monawileTa pasuxismgebloba sapro-
Semowmdes swrafad da operatiulad. ceso movaleobaTa SeusruleblobisaTvis; b) sisxlis sa-
mtkicebulebaTa yovelmxriv, srulyofil da obieqtur marTlis procesis monawileTa sisxlissamarTlebrivi pa-
Sefasebas mtkicebis procesSi pirvelxarisxovani mniS- suxismgebloba winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze sisxlis
vneloba eniWeba radgan sabolood gansazRvravs TiToeuli samarTlis kodeqsiT akrZaluli marTlsawinaaRmdego qmede-
mtkicebulebis Zalasa da procesualur mniSvnelobas konk- bis CadenisaTvis da g) pasuxismgebloba sasamarTloSi
retul sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze. sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvis stadiaze, sasamarTlo
xelisuflebis winaaRmdeg Cadenili danaSaulisaTvis da
wesrigis darRvevisaTvis.
a) sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawileTa pasuxismge-
bloba saproceso movaleobaTa SeusruleblobisaTvis iT-
valiswinebs: erTis mxriv sisxlis samarTlebriv pasuxismge-
blobas, ase magaliTad: Tu mowme an dazaralebuli uars
ityvis Cvenebis micemaze, mas daekisreba saqarTvelos sisx-
lis samarTlis kodeqsis 371-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli
sisxlissamarTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba. mowmes an dazarale-
buls ar daekisreba sisxlissamarTlebrivi pasuxismge-
bloba Cvenebis micemaze uaris TqmisaTvis, Tu isini eWvmi-

406 407
tanilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis an msjavrdebulis gamomZieblis, prokuroris, sasamarTlos kanonier moTx-
axlo naTesavebi arian, an Tu unda upasuxon im SekiTxvebs, ovnebs _ uars ityvian Semowmebis, eqspertizis Catarebis,
romelic amxels maT danaSaulis CadenaSi. saqarTvelos SedarebiTi kvlevisaTvis nimuSebis miRebis Sesaxeb, mosa-
sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 370-e muxliT gaTvaliswineb- marTle prokuroris mier damtkicebuli samarTaldarRvevis
uli sisxlissamarTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba dadgeba im oqmisa da TandarTuli masalebis safuZvelze maT daakisrebs
SemTxvevaSic, roca gamoZiebis dros an sasamarTloSi mowme fulad jarimas 500 laramde odenobiT. mosamarTle aRniS-
an dazaralebuli miscems cru Cvenebas, aseve, sisxlissa- nuli wesis dacviT daakisrebs fulad jarimas 500 laramde
marTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba dadgeba eqspertis Tu igi odenobiT yvela im pirebs, romlebic xels SeuSlian
miscems yalb daskvnas an cru Cvenebas, xolo Tarjimani ki gamomZiebels, prokurors, sasamarTlos SemTxvevis adgilis
ganzrax arasworad Targmnis saproceso dokuments an pro- daTvalierebis, sagamoZiebo eqsperimentis, gvamis eqshumaci-
cesis monawilis Cvenebas. mowmis an dazaralebulis sisx- is, Cxrekis an amoRebis CatarebaSi. aseTive pasuxismge-
lissamarTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba dadgeba saqarTvelos bloba daekisrebaT iuridiul pirTa an administraciul
sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 3711-e muxliT, Tu isini mar- organoTa xelmZRvanelebs, romlebic xels SeuSlian
TlmsajulebisaTvis Segnebulad xelis SeSlis mizniT gamomZieblis, prokuroris an sasamarTlos gamoZaxebiT im
arsebiTad urTierTsawinaaRmdego Cvenebas miscemen gamoZie- pirTa gamocxadebas, romlebic arian braldebuli, eWvmita-
bis dros an sasamarTloSi (aqcenti ZiriTadad gadata- nili, dazaralebuli, mowme, specialisti, eqsperti, Tar-
nilia sasamarTloze). saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis jimani, samoqalaqo mosarCele, samoqalaqo mopasuxe, maTi
kodeqsis 373-e muxliT sisxlis samarTlis pasuxismge- warmomadgenlebi; agreTve imisTvis, Tu ganuxilveli darCa
blobaa gaTvaliswinebuli danaSaulis Cadenis Sesaxeb cru an/da droulad ar gaeca pasuxi kerZo ganCinebas (dadge-
dasmenisaTvis. nilebas) an wardginebas kanonis darRvevisa da danaSaulis
meores mxriv, sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawile- Cadenis xelSemwyobi mizezebisa da pirobebis Sesaxeb (sssk-
Ta mxridan saproceso movaleobis Seusrulebloba warmo- is 205-e muxli).
Sobs ara sisxlissamarTlebriv pasuxismgeblobas, aramed sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 206-e muxli
iseTi saxis iZulebiT RonisZiebas, rogoricaa fuladi ja- awesebs qonebriv pasuxismgeblobas Tavdebi pirebis mimarT;
rima. ase magaliTad, Tu eqsperti, specialisti, Tarjimani braldebulis, gansasjelis saxeliT giraos Semtani pire-
an damswre uars ityvis an Tavs aaridebs Tavis movaleo- bis mimarT; mSoblebis, meurveebis da mzrunvelebis mimarT,
baTa Sesrulebas arasapatio mizeziT, mas saqarTvelos Tu isini nakisr valdebulebas ver Seasruleben, ver uz-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 203-e muxliT runvelyofen braldebulis saTanado qcevas da gamomZieblis,
dadgenili wesiT daekisreba fuladi jarima 500 laramde prokuroris, sasamarTlos gamoZaxebiT maTTan gamocxadebas.
odenobiT. magram Tu Tavdebi pirebi, aseve arasrulwlovani bralde-
xolo, Tu mowme, dazaralebuli ar Seasruleben bulis mSoblebi, meurveebi, mzrunvelebi daamtkiceben, rom

408 409
braldebulis saTanado qcevis SesaZlebloba ver uzrunve- idan 500 laramde. fuladi jarimis gadaxda procesis mona-
lyves dauZleveli Zalis moqmedebis gamo (mag. oTaxSi Ca- wiles ar aTavisuflebs gamocxadebis valdebulebisagan.
ketes, gaTokes da a.S.), isini gaTavisufldebian qonebrivi b) sisxlis samarTlis procesis monawileTa sisxlis
pasuxismgeblobisagan. aRniSnuli pirebi, im SemTxvevaSic samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi micemis weszea saubari saqarT-
ganTavisufldebian pasuxismgeblobisagan, Tu procesis velos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 209-e mux-
mwarmoebel pirebs mimarTaven werilobiT da uars ityvian lSi, Tu winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze sisxlis samarTlis
nakisr valdebulebaze im safuZvlis gamovlenamde, romel- saqmis warmoebis dros, procesis romelime monawile sasa-
sac maTi pasuxismgebloba mosdevs (uaris Tqmis safuZveli marTlo xelisuflebis winaaRmdeg Caidens danaSauls. aq,
SeiZleba sxvadasxva iyos, mag. avadmyofoba, ojaxSi urT- upirveles yovlisa igulisxmeba iseTi danaSauli, rodesac
ierTobis gauareseba da a.S). rac Seexeba, braldebulis an mocemuli sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebis dros pro-
gansasjelis saxeliT giraos Semtan pirs, Tu igi darw- cesis monawile saqmis yovelmxrivi, sruli da obieqturi
mundeba, rom ver uzrunvelyofs braldebulis an gansasje- gamoZiebisaTvis xelis SeSlis mizniT prokuroris an
lis savaldebulo qcevas da mis droul gamocxadebas gamomZieblis saqmianobaSi ama Tu im formiT ukanonod Caer-
gamomZiebelTan, prokurorTan an sasamarTloSi, mas ufle- eva; an/da daemuqreba prokurors, gamomZiebels, damcvels,
ba aqvs amis Taobaze, saqmeze saboloo gadawyvetilebis eqsperts, samarTalwarmoebis sxva monawiles an maT axlo
miRebamde werilobiT mimarTos procesis mwarmoebel or- naTesavs sicocxlis mospobiT, janmrTelobis dazianebiT,
ganos da is am droidan pasuxs aRar agebs braldebulis qonebis ganadgurebiT, dazianebiT; an/da moaxdens mtkiceb-
an gansasjelis qcevaze (erTi Tvis vadaSi srulad daubrun- ulebaTa ganadgurebas, falsifikacias da a.S. magaliTad,
deba giraos saxiT Setanili fuladi Tanxa). yaCaRobis faqtTan dakavSirebiT gamomZiebeli awarmoebs
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZiebas da braldebuli dae-
207-e muxlis Sinaarsidan gamomdinare, Tu dadgindeba, rom muqreba mas, Tu ar Sewyvets winaswar gamoZiebas xelyofs
procesis monawile arasapatio mizeziT ar gamocxadda misi ojaxis romelime wevris sicocxles an aufeTqebs
gamomZiebelTan, prokurorTan, sasamarTloSi daTqmul dro- sacxovrebel saxls (muqara realuria). braldebulis es
sa da adgilas, ramac gamoiwvia sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxil- qmedeba damoukidebeli danaSaulis Semadgenlobas gvaZlevs
vis an sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebis gadadeba, am sapro- da misi gamovlenisTanave gamomZiebeli uflebamosilia dai-
ceso moqmedebaTa gadadebiT gamowveuli xarjebi sisxlis wyos am faqtTan dakavSirebiT gamoZieba. magram gamoZieba
samarTlis saproceso kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili odenobiT unda awarmoos ara im gamomZiebelma vis winaaRmdegac mi-
gadaxdeba gamoucxadebel pirs. aseve, Tu procesis monawile marTulia aRniSnuli qmedeba (is dainteresebuli piria),
saproceso kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesis mixedviT gamo- aramed sxva gamomZiebelma an prokurorma.
Zaxebulia sasamarTloSi da ar gamocxaddeba arasapatio rac Seexeba cru Cvenebis micemisaTvis piris (mowme,
mizeziT, mosamarTle valdebulia daajarimos igi 100 lar- dazaralebuli) mimarT sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis ganx-

410 411
orcielebas, igi SeiZleba daiwyos ganaCenis an sxva Sema- sasamarTlos (mosamarTles), romelic uflebamosilia gan-
jamebeli sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi kargulebiT dakavebul pirs Seufardos 30 dRe-Ramemde
Sesvlis Semdeg. vadiT patimroba. Tu dadgindeba, rom pirs erTxel ukve
g) saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeq- Sefardebuli hqonda aRniSnuli qmedebisaTvis patimroba,
sis 208-e muxli iTvaliswinebs pasuxismgeblobas sasamarT- sasamarTlo (mosamarTle) uflebamosilia gankargulebiT
loSi wesrigis darRvevisaTvis, romlis ZaliTac sasa- Seufardos mas 60 dRe-Ramemde vadiT patimroba. aqve, unda
marTlo sxdomis Tavmjdomares (mosamarTles) adgilze gvaxsovdes, rom Tu piris mxridan sasamarTlosadmi, pro-
TaTbiriT gamoaqvs gankarguleba procesis monawilis an/da cesis monawilisadmi an mxaris mimarT aSkara an/da uxeSi
sxdomaze damswris dajarimebis an/da sxdomis darbazidan upativcemuloba an procesis CaSlisaken swrafva gamov-
gaZevebis Sesaxeb, Tu isini sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganx- linda raionul (saqalaqo) sasamarTloSi, sadac ori an
ilvis dros arRveven wesrigs, gamoxataven sasamarTlo orze meti mosamarTlea, gankarguleba wesrigis damrRvevi
sxdomis Tavmjdomaris (mosamarTlis) gankargulebisadmi piris dapatimrebis Sesaxeb gamoaqvs sasamarTlos Tavmjdo-
daumorCileblobas an sasamarTlos mimarT upativcemulobas. mares. xolo Tu darRveva moxda sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris
wesrigis damrRvev pirs, maT Soris gaZevebulsac, sxdomis monawileobiT gamarTul sxdomaze, gankarguleba gamoaqvs
Tavmjdomaris gankargulebiT SeiZleba daekisros jarima mis mier gansazRvrul sxva mosamarTles. Tu xsenebuli
50 laridan 500 laramde odenobiT, razedac gaicema saxis darRveva moxda magistrati mosamarTlis mier saqmis
saaRsrulebo furceli. Tu dajarimebuli piri isev ganagr- ganxilvisas, gankarguleba gamoaqvs im raionuli (saqalaqo)
Zobs wesrigis darRvevas, sxdomis Tavmjdomares SeuZlia sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares, romlis SemadgenlobaSicaa es
dauyovnebliv gazardos jarimis odenoba, magram ara umetes magistrati mosamarTle. saapelacio sasamarTloSi gankar-
500 larisa. guleba gamoaqvs sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares, xolo Tu
Tu sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis ganxilvis darRveva moxda sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris monawileobiT
dros piris qmedeba mimarTulia imisaken, rom CaiSalos gamarTul sxdomaze, gankarguleba gamoaqvs mis moadgiles
sasamarTlo procesi an igi gamoxatavs aSkara an/da uxeS an mis mier gansazRvrul sxva mosamarTles. saqarTvelos
upativcemulobas sasamarTlos (mosamarTlis), gnebavT pro- uzenaes sasamarTloSi, garda didi palatisa, gankarguleba
cesis monawilis an mxaris mimarT, sxdomis Tavmjdomaris gamoaqvs erT-erTi palatis Tavmjdomares. saqarTvelos
miTiTebiT sasamarTlos mandaturi ganaxorcielebs piris uzenaesi sasamarTlos did palataSi saqmis ganxilvisas
dakavebas da Seadgens dakavebis oqms. Tavis mxriv, sxdomis gankarguleba gamoaqvs im mosamarTles, romelic ar
Tavmjdomare adgens mimarTvas, romelSic aRwers darRvevas, monawileobda saqmis ganxilvaSi.
da ugzavnis gankarglebis gamotanaze uflebamosil sasa- Tu moxda ise, rom sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis
marTlos (mosamarTles). dakavebuli piri dauyovnebliv, saqmis ganxilvisas wesrigi daarRvia im pirma, romlis
magram ara ugvianes 24 saaTisa, unda waredginos Sesabamis vinaobac daudgenelia, TviTon damrRvevic uars acxadebs

412 413
sakuTari vinaobis gamJRavnebaze an sxva obieqtur garemoe- axlo naTesavis mimarT sicocxlis mospobis, janmrTelobis
baTa gamo SeuZlebelia misi pirovnebis vinaobis dadgena, dazianebis anda qonebis ganadgurebis Tu dazianebis muqara
sasamarTlos mandaturi adgens oqms, romelSic aRiwereba da a.S. Tu sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis stadiaze gamov-
wesrigis damrRvevi piris yvela SesaZlo garegnuli niSani linda, rom arsebobs safuZveli sasamarTlo xelisufleb-
(savaraudo asaki, sqesi, simaRle, Tmis feri, Tvalis feri, is winaaRmdeg Cadenili danaSaulisaTvis procesis monawilis
sxva garegnuli Taviseburebani da niSnebi), romliTac an/da sxdomaze damswre piris sisxlis samarTlis pasuxis-
SesaZlebelia am piris gaigiveba (dadgena). aseve SesaZle- gebaSi misacemad, sasamarTlos (mosamarTles) ganaCenTan an
belia, oqmSi aRniSvniT pirs mieniWos pirobiTi saxeli sxva Semajamebel gadawyvetilebasTan erTad gamoaqvs
cifrebis an/da anbanis simboloebis imgvari kombinaciiT, ganCineba (dadgenileba), rom prokurors winaswari gamoZie-
rac saqmis faqtobrivi garemoebebidan gamomdinare Sesa- bisaTvis gaegzavnos saTanado masalebi. amave dros sasa-
Zlebels gaxdis am piris gaigivebas (dadgenas). aRniSnuli marTlos mandaturi uflebamosilia daakavos danaSaulis
oqmi da damrRvevis fotosuraTi daerTvis Tavmjdomaris CadenaSi eWvmitanili piri da dauyovnebliv gadasces igi
(mosamarTlis) gankargulebas. Tu xsenebuli piri wesrigis policias an sxva samarTaldamcav organos. sasamarTlos
darRvevisaTvis sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazidan gaZevebuli mandaturi piris dakavebis Taobaze adgens oqms da Tuki
an/da dapatimrebuli unda iqnes, gankarguleba aRsruldeba eqneba sakmarisi safuZveli eWvisaTvis, rom dakavebul pirs
dauyovnebliv, xolo dajarimebis SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo aqvs iaraRi an cdilobs Tavidan moiSoros danaSaulis
sxdomis Tavmjdomaris gankarguleba da sasamarTlos man- CadenaSi Tavisi mamxilebeli mtkicebulebebi, Cautarebs
daturis mier Sedgenili oqmi darRvevis Sesaxeb, damr- pirad Cxrekas, rasac kidec aRniSnavs dakavebis oqmSi.
Rvevi piris fotosuraTTan erTad egzavneba saqarTvelos daskvnis saxiT SeiZleba iTqvas, rom kanonmdeblis mier
iusticiis saministros piris gaigivebis (identificirebis) dawesebuli pasuxismgebloba winaswari gamoZiebis dros da
mizniT da aRsasruleblad. sasamarTloSi saproceso movaleobaTa Seusruleblobisa
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis da wesrigis darRvevisaTvis, garkveul garantias qmnis
211-e muxli iTvaliswinebs piris pasuxisgebaSi micemis wess, sisxlis samarTlis saqmis yovelmxrivi, sruli da obieq-
sasamarTlo ganxilvis stadiaze sasamarTlo xelisufleb- turi gamoZiebis da sasamarTloSi ganxilvis uzrunvelyofis
is winaaRmdeg Cadenili danaSaulisaTvis. am danaSaulTa TvalsazrisiT, agreTve moqalaqeTa uflebebis, kanonieri
ricxvSi upirveles yovlisa igulisxmeba sasamarTlos interesebis dasacavad.
saqmianobaSi ama Tu im formiT ukanono Careva samarTal-
warmoebis ganxorcielebaze zegavlenis mizniT; aseve sasa-
marTlos upativcemuloba, rac gamoixata samarTalwarmoe-
bis monawilis SeuracxyofiT; aseve sasamarTloSi saqmis
an masalis ganxilvasTan dakavSirebiT mosamarTlis an misi

414 415
Tavi VIII nili da gaTvaliswinebulia erTgvarovani samarTlebrivi
urTierTobis yvela SemTxvevisaTvis, xolo meores _ vadebs,
sisxlis samarTlis procesis zogadi romlebsac adgens sisxlis samarTalwarmoebis ganmaxor-
nawilis sxva debulebebi cielebeli organoebi1.
avtorTa garkvekuli nawilic, saproceso vadebs or
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis saxed yofs, magram aseT dayofas isini axdenen sxva krite-
mexuTe kari (Tavebi 26-e _ 32-e) ganixilavs da wyvets riumiT: kerZod ki: pirvel saxes miakuTvneben vadebs,
zogadi nawilis iseT debulebebs, romlebic damaxasiaTebe- romelTa mizanicaa maqsimalurad Seamciron drois mon-
lia saproceso urTierTobis dros warmoqmnili orga- akveTi momxdar faqtsa da piris mimarT Sesabamisi sasjelis
nizaciuli da saproceso sakiTxebis gadawyvetasTan. sap- saxeobis (Tu sxva RonisZiebis) Sefardebas Soris. meore
roceso kanonis ZaliT aRniSnul sakiTxebs miekuTvneba: saxeobas miakuTvneben vadebs, romlebic qmnian garantias
saproceso vadebi; sasamarTlo xarjebi da maTi anazRau- realurad iqnes daculi procesis monawileTa uflebebi
reba; reabilitacia; SuamdgomlobaTa ganxilva da gadaw- da kanonieri interesebi2.
yveta; saCivari, sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gaerTianeba da avtorTa nawili saproceso vadebs sam saxed yofs: ab-
gamoyofa, dabolos, sasamarTlos, prokuroris, gamomZieblis soluturad gansazRvruli, SedarebiT gansazRvruli da
urTierTqmedeba sazRvargareTis saxelmwifoTa Sesabamis alternatiuli.
organoebsa da Tanamdebobis pirebTan samarTlebrivi dax- absoluturad gansazRvrul saproceso vadebs miakuT-
marebis gawevis mizniT. aRniSnuli sakiTxebi daxasiaTebuli vneben zustad gansazRvrul dros, romlis ganmavlobaSic
unda iyos cal-calke. unda Sesruldes konkretuli saproceso moqmedeba. abso-
luturad gansazRvrulia saproceso vada, rodesac kanoni
$1. saproceso vadebi iTxovs, Sesruldes esa Tu is sagamoZiebo moqmedeba, dauy-
ovnebliv gaTavisufldes patimrobaSi myofi gansasjeli
sisxlis samarTlis procesSi saproceso vadebis cne-
sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazidan Tu igi gaamarTles da a.S.
bis qveS igulisxmeba drois is gansazRvruli monakveTi,
SedarebiT gansazRvrul vadad miiCneven kanonSi miTiTe-
ra periodSiac Catarebul unda iqnes kanoniT gaTval-
bul saproceso vadis minimalur da maqsimalur zRvars.
iswinebuli esa Tu is saproceso moqmedeba anda miRebul
magaliTad, `ganaCenis gamocxadebidan ara ugvianes 5 dRe-
iqnes garkveuli gadawyvetileba.
Ramisa, xolo rTul, mravaltomian an mravali piris saqmeze
saproceso literaturaSi saproceso vadebis saxeebad
dayofas sxvadasxva kriteriumiT axdenen.
1 ix. Óãîëîâíûé ïðîöåññ: Ó÷åáíèê äëÿ âóçîâ / Ïîä ðåä. Â. Ï. Áîæüåâà,
zogierTi avtori saproceso vadebs or saxed yofs: 2-îå èçä., – Ì., ñïàðê, 2000, ñ. 210.
pirvels miakuTvnebs im vadebs, romlebic kanoniTaa dadge- 2 ix. Òåðòûøíèê Â.Ì., Óãîëîâíûé ïðîöåññ. Ó÷åá. ïîñîáèå, 2-îå èçä.,
Õàðüêîâ, 1999, ñ. 26.

416 417
_ ara ugvianes 14 dRe-Ramisa, ganaCenis asli unda gadaeces vadebi, romelic dRe-RameebiT gamoiTvleba, gaTval-
msjavrdebuls an gamarTlebuls (sssk-is 514-e muxli) da iswinebulia saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso
a.S. kodeqsis Semdeg muxlebSi: 137-e muxli (I naw.); 147-e
alternatiuli saproceso vadebia, rodesac kanoni iT- muxli; 231-e muxli (VI naw.); 399-e muxli (II naw.); 413-e
valiswinebs saproceso moqmedebis Catarebas ama Tu im muxli; 454-e muxli (II naw.); 455-e muxli (I naw.); 462-e
drois monakveTSi. magaliTad, `braldeba wayenebul unda muxli (II naw.); me-500 muxli (VI naw.); 514-e muxli; 636-
iqnes dadgenilebis gamotanidan ara ugvianes 48 saaTisa, e muxli (I naw.).
xolo daniSnul dros braldebulis gamoucxadeblobis rac Seexeba dReebiT vadebis gamoTvlas, igi Sinaarso-
SemTxvevaSi _ ara ugvianes misi moyvanidan 24 saaTSi~ brivad uTanabrdeba dRe-RameebiT vadebis gamoTvlas. dRee-
(sssk-is 283-e muxli) da a.S.1 biT vadebis gamoTvla gaTvaliswinebulia xsenebuli kod-
zemoT aRniSnulidan gamomdinare, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom eqsis Semdeg muxlebSi: 72-e muxli (I naw.); 83-e muxli (V
saproceso vadebis klasifikacias axdenen sxvadasxva safuZ- da VII nawilebi); 108-e muxli (XI, XII nawilebi); 140-e
vlebiT, magram maT yvela SemTxvevaSi erTnairi daniSnule- muxli (XV naw.); 163-e muxli (I, II nawilebi); 242-e muxli
ba aqvT _ uzrunvelyon sisxlis samarTalwarmoebis swrafi (IV naw.); 285-e muxli (IV naw); 449-e muxli (II naw.); 475-
da drouli msvleloba, raTa mokle monakveTSi dadgindes e muxli (IV naw.); 527-e muZli (I naw.); 529-e muxli (III
WeSmariteba sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze. naw.); 552-e muxli (II naw.); 596-e muxli (III, V nawilebi);
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsiT 598-e muxli (II, III nawilebi); 599-e muxli (VII naw.).
dadgenili vadebi kodeqsis 212-e muxlis Tanaxmad: gamoiT- vadebi, romelic TveebiT gamoiTvleba, gaTvaliswinebu-
vleba saaTebiT, dRe-RameebiT, TveebiT. lia saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
vadebi, romelic saaTebiT gamoiTvleba, gaTvaliswinebulia Semdeg muxlebSi: 50-e muxli (IV naw.); 75-e muxli (IV naw.);
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis Semdeg 162-e muxli (III, IX nawilebi); 226-e muxli (II naw.); 528-e
muxlebSi: me-12 muxli (III naw.); me-13 muxli (II naw.); 24-e muxli; 607-e muxli (I naw.d) punqti, II naw.); 610-e muxli
muxli (VI naw.); 72-e muxli (II nawili); 83-e muxli II, VII (III naw.); 618-e muxli (V naw.).
nawilebi); 108-e muxli (IX naw.); 138-e muxli (I naw.); 140-e wlis mixedviT vadebis gamoTvlisas gamoiyeneba Tveebis
muxli (VIInaw.); 160-e muxli (I, II naw.); 195-e muxli (II naw.); mixedviT vadebis gamoTvlis wesi. TiToeuli weli tolia
me-200 muxli (I naw.); 243-e muxli (I naw, III naw.); 283-e Tormeti Tvis. wlebis mixedviT vadebis gamoTvla gaTval-
muxli (I naw.); 290-e muxli (II naw.); 292-e muxli (IV naw.); iswinebulia saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saprocepso
302-e muxli; 416-e muxli (III naw.); 647-e muxli (IV naw.). kodeqsis 228-e (I naw.); 601-e muxlis II naw. da 607-e mux-
lis (I naw. b), g) punqtebiT.
1 Ñîâåòñêèé óãîëîâíûé ïðîöåññ. Ó÷åáíèê, îòâ. ðåä. Ê. Ô. Ãóöåíêî, vadebis gamoTvlisas, rogorc es aRniSnulia saqarT-
Þðèäè÷åñêàÿ ëèòåðàòóðà, Ì., 120-121.
velos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 212-e mux-

418 419
lSi; `mxedvelobaSi ar miiReba is dRe-Rame da saaTi, timrebulTaTvis an Tu piri imyofeba samedicino daweseb-
romlebiTac iwyeba vadis dineba, garda dakavebisa, dapatim- ulebaSi _ saCivari an sxva dokumenti sapatimro adgilis
rebisa, romelTa xangrZlivobac gamoiTvleba wuTebiT~. ase an samedicino dawesebulebis administracias Cabarda vadis
magaliTad, policiis dawesebulebaSi uflebamosil Tanam- gasvlamde.
debobis pirTan dakavebulis miyvanisTanave dauyovnebliv vadis gagrZeleba ki SeuZlia procesis mwarmoebel or-
unda Sedges dakavebis oqmi, sadac unda mieTiTos, rogorc ganos.
dakavebis dRe, aseve misi miyvanis saaTic. ramdenadac am vadis gagrZelebisagan unda ganvasxvaoT gacdenili vadis
momentidan ukve aiTvleba eWvmitanilis dakavebis vada. aRdgena. Tu vada sapatio mizeziTaa gacdenili, igi aRdge-
saproceso kanonmdebloba ara mxolod adgens vadebs, nili unda iqnes im organos an Tanamdebobis piris dadge-
aramed gansazRvravs imasac, Tu ra samarTlebrivi da faq- nilebiT, romlis warmoebaSic imyofeba saqme. sapatio
tobrivi Sedegi mohyveba maT daucvelobas. ase, magaliTad, mizeziT vadis gacdenis mtkicebis tvirTi ekisreba vadis
kanonmdebeli aRniSnavs, rom dakavebis vada braldebis way- gamcden pirs.
enebamde ar unda aRematebodes 48 saaTs. Tu momdevno 24 vadis gacdenasTan dakavSirebiT gasaCivrebuli gadaw-
saaTis ganmavlobaSi sasamarTlo ar miiRebs gadawyvetile- yvetilebis aRsruleba, dainteresebuli piris Suamdgom-
bas dapatimrebis an aRkveTis RonisZiebis sxva saxis gamoy- lobiT, SeiZleba SeCerdes gacdenili vadis aRdgenis Ses-
enebis Sesaxeb, piri dauyovnebliv unda gaTavisufldes. axeb sakiTxis gadawyvetamde (sssk 215-e muxli).
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsiT Tu vada ar iqna aRdgenili da saproceso moqmedeba
gaTvaliswinebulia sxvadasxva saproceso moqmedebaTa Catarda dadgenili vadis Semdeg, es moqmedeba baTilad
Catarebis vadebi, rogorc winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze, CaiTvleba (saproceso vadebis gamoTvlis, dacvis wess, vadis
aseve sasamarTloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa warmoebisas. gagrZelebas, gacdenili vadis aRdgenisa da mis Sedegebs
saproceso vadebi procesis monawileebs aZlevs SesaZle- gansazRvravs saqarTvelos saproceso kodeqsis 212-e _
blobas gansazRvrul vadaSi daicvan sakuTari interesebi: 216-e muxlebi).
Seitanon saCivari Sesabamisi pirebis ukanono moqmedebis
Sesaxeb, aRZran Suamdgomloba, gaakeTon SeniSvnebi sasa- $2. sasamarTlo xarjebi
marTlo sxdomis oqmSi, waradginon damatebiTi masalebi da
sasamarTlo xarjebis cnebis qveS igulisxmeba is fu-
a.S.
ladi saxsrebi, romelic daxarjul iqna winaswari gamoZie-
aRsaniSnavia, rom sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kod-
bisa da sasamarTlos mier konkretuli sisxlis samarTlis
eqsis 213-e muxli vadas gacdenilad ar Tvlis, roca sa-
saqmis warmoebisas.
Civari, Suamdgomloba an sxva dokumenti fostas Cabarda
rogorc sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 217-e
vadis amowurvamde, aseve vadis gasvlamde gadaeca an
muxlSia aRniSnuli, sasamarTlo xarjebia: a) winaswari
gamoecxada mis miRebaze uflebamosil pirs, xolo dapa-

420 421
gamoZiebis, prokuraturisa da sasamarTlos Sesanaxad gadaxdili Tanxebisagan. k) sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gamoZie-
saxelmwifo biujetidan daxarjuli fuladi saxsrebi sisx- basTan an sasamarTloSi ganxilvasTan dakavSirebiT gamomZie-
lis samarTlis TiToeul saqmeze; b) procesis mwarmoebel blis, prokuroris, mosamarTlisa da operatiuli muSakebi-
organoSi sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moqmedebebSi monawile- saTvis xelfasis saxiT gadaxdili Tanxebisagan.
obisaTvis procesis monawileTa gamoZaxebasTan dakavSirebiT zemoT aRniSnuli 217-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `a~, `g~,
maTi gadasaxdelebisa da gasamrjelosaTvis daxarjuli `d~, `e~, `v~ da `z~ qvepunqtebSi aRniSnuli sasamarTlo
fuladi saxsrebi. xarjebi sasamarTlom SeiZleba daakisros msjavrdebuls da
sasamarTlo xarjebi Sedgeba: a) dazaralebulis, mowmis, Caricxos saxelmwifo biujetSi anda gadauxados fizikur
specialistis, eqspertisaTvis gadaxdili Tanxebisagan _ an iuridiul pirs mis mier gaweuli xarjebis kompensaci-
gamocxadebis xarjebisa da dRiuri Tanxis anazRaurebis is saxiT.
wesiT; b) saproceso movaleobaTa Sesasruleblad eqspertis, Tu msjavrdebulia ramdenime piri, sasamarTlo xarjebi
specialistisa da TarjimnisaTvis gasamrjelos saxiT gad- daekisreba TiToeul maTgans wilobrivad _ bralis xarisx-
axdili Tanxebisagan. g) mowmisaTvis, dazaralebulisa da is, daniSnuli sasjelis simkacrisa da qonebrivi mdgo-
misi kanonieri warmomadgenlisaTvis, romelTac mudmivi xe- mareobis gaTvaliswinebiT. gadaxdevinebisas solidaruli
lfasi ara aqvT gadaxdili Tanxebisagan, Tu es pirebi moscd- pasuxismgeblobis gamoyeneba dauSvebelia.
nen Cveulebriv saqmianobas; d) procesis mwarmoebel or- sasamarTlo uflebamosilia sasamarTlo xarjebis gad-
ganoSi procesis monawileTa gamoZaxebasTan dakavSirebiT maT axdisagan mTlianad an nawilobriv gaaTavisuflos msjavrde-
mier gacdenili mTeli drois ganmavlobaSi miuRebeli xel- buli gadaxdisuunarobis, Sromisuunarobis an ojaxis mZime
fasis anazRaurebis saxiT gadaxdili Tanxebisagan; e) eWvmi- materialuri mdgomareobis gamo. sasamarTlo xarjebis
tanilisaTvis, braldebulisa Tu gansasjelisaTvis iuridi- gadaxdisagan Tavisufldebian gardacvlili braldebulis
uli daxmarebis gasawevad damcvelisaTvis saxelmiwifos mier an msjavrdebulis memkvidreebi.
gadaxdili Tanxebisagan _ im SemTxvevebSi, roca es pirebi kerZo braldebis saqmeze, saqmis warmoeba Tu Sewydeba
gaTavisuflebulni arian damcvelis Sromis anazRaurebisagan, mxareTa Serigebis gamo, sasamarTlos ufleba aqvs sasa-
an roca monawileobs damcveli daniSvniT; v) nivTier mt- marTlo xarjebi daakisros orive mxares an erT-erTs.
kicebulebaTa Senaxvisa da gadagzavnisaTvis daxarjuli msjavrdebuls SeiZleba Seumcirdes Sesabamisad gad-
Tanxebisagan; z) saxelmwifo saeqsperto dawesebulebaSi asaxdeli sasamarTlo xarjebis saerTo Tanxa Tu: Catarebul
eqspertizis Casatareblad daxarjuli Tanxebisagan; T) eWvmi- iqna arasaWiro sagamoZiebo moqmedebebi, Seyovnda winaswari
tanilisa da braldebulisaTvis saxelmwifo biujetidan gamoZieba, sisxlis samarTlis saqme dabrunebul iqna damate-
daxmarebis saxiT gadaxdili Tanxebisagan, Tu es pirebi ga- biT gamoZiebaSi an axali sasamarTlo ganxilvisaTvis, gam-
dayenebul iqnen Tanamdebobidan; i) dazaralebulisaTvis ovlinda sasamarTlo Secdomebi da daikarga dro maT
danaSaulis Sedegad miyenebuli zianis kompensaciis saxiT gamosasworeblad da a.S.

422 423
Tu sasamarTlo ganxilvisas dakmayofilebul iqneba abilitacio safuZvelze saqmis Sewyvetis SemTxvevaSi sasa-
samoqalaqo sarCeli, xarjebis dafarva daekisreba samo- marTlo xarjebis gadaxda ar xdeba~.
qalaqo mopasuxes, xolo misi uaryofis SemTxvevaSi _
samoqalaqo mosarCeles. $3. reabilitacia
dazaralebulis, mowmis, specialistis, eqspertisaTvis
gadasaxdel TanxebSi igulisxmeba maTi mgzavrobis xarjebi saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
sagamoZiebo-sasamarTlo organoebis adgilsamyofelamde da 28-e Tavi (muxlebi 219-e – 229-e) dawvrilebiT Aaregu-
piruku, mudmiv sacxovrebel adgilamde. rogorc wesi, mg- lireba sisxlis samarTalwarmoebis organoebis ukanono da
zavrobis xarjebis anazRaureba xdeba mgzavrobis damadas- dausabuTebeli moqmedebis Sedegad moqalaqeebisadmi miyen-
turebeli dokumentebis (bileTebis) wardgenis safuZvelze. ebuli zianis anazRaurebis safuZvlebs da wess. sssk iT-
aseve mowmes, specialists, eqsperts, romlebic gamoZaxeb- valiswinebs reabilitaciisa da sisxlis samarTlis pro-
ulni iyvnen winaswar gamoZiebasa da sasamarTloSi, samuSao cesis mwarmoebeli organos (piris) mier ukanono an daus-
adgilas unarCundebaT saSualo xelfasi (maT Soris _ abuTebeli moqmedebis Sedegad miyenebuli zianis anazRau-
premia, danamati da anazRaureba SeTavsebiTi samuSaosaTvis). rebis gamartivebul wess saerTo safuZvliT zianis anaz-
Tu arasaxelmwifo sawarmos, dawesebulebis an organizaci- Raurebis wesTan SedarebiT.
is administracia uars ambobs procesis monawilisaTvis sssk adgens zianis anazRaurebis moTxovnis ramdenime
saSualo xelfasis gadaxdaze, maSin gadaxda warmoebs winapirobas:
saxelmwifo biujetidan. 1. ziani unda iyos ukanono qmedebis Sedegi;
eWvmitanils, braldebuls an maT naTesavebs SeuZliaT 2. igi gamowveuli unda iyos piris ukanonod an daus-
dadon SeTanxmeba advokatTan sisxlis samarTlis saqmeSi abuTeblad:
damcvelis saxiT monawileobis Sesaxeb. dacvis pirobebsa _ dakavebis,
da xarjebis anazRaurebis wess mxareebi TviTon gansaz- _ dapatimrebis,
Rvraven. dacva miRebulad iTvleba SeTanxmebis xelmoweris _ samedicino dawesebulebaSi eqspertizisaTvis moTavse-
Semdeg. bis Sedegad,
Tu damcveli iniSneba procesis mwarmoebeli piris mier _ Tanamdebobidan gadayenebis,
gadaxdisuunarobis gamo, maSin misi Sroma anazRaurdeba _ Cxrekis,
saxelmwifo biujetidan. anazRaurebis odenoba ki ar Sei- _ amoRebis,
Zleba iyos dadgenil ganakveTze naklebi. _ qonebaze yadaRis dadebis,
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis _ sagamoZiebo eqsperimentis,
218-e muxlis me-7 nawilSi aRniSnulia, rom: `winaswari _ Semowmebis,
gamoZiebis dros, agreTve gansasjelis gamarTlebis an sare- _ samarTalwarmoebis organoebis sxva ukanono an daus-

424 425
abuTebel moqmedebaTa Sedegad. _ samedicino dawesebulebaSi moTavsebis,
3. ukanono qmedebebi Cadenili unda iyos sisxlis sa- _ Tavisuflebis SezRudvis an
marTlis procesis mwarmoebeili organos (piris) mier. _ Tavisuflebis aRkveTis adgilebSi msjavrdebulis
sisxlis samarTlis procesis mwarmoebeli organoebis yofnis wesebis darRvevis an
ukanono an dausabuTebeli moqmedebis Sedegad miyenebuli _ samedicino daxmarebis droulad gauwevlobis,
zianis anazRaurebisas yvela gadasaxdeli gadaixdevineba, am _ aseve kanoniT dadgenili sasamarTlo eqspertizisa
organoebis Tanamdebobis pirTa bralis miuxedavad. gad- da sxva saproceso moqmedebis Catarebis wesis darRvevis
asaxdeli ar iniSneba, Tu udanaSaulo pirisaTvis msjavris Sedegad.
dadeba da mis mimarT iZulebis RonisZiebis gamoyeneba janmrTelobis Seryevis mizezis dasadgenad aucilebelia
gamowveuli iyo winaswarganzraxulad cru aRiarebiT (TviT- samedicino eqspertiza.
gaTqmiT), romelic miRebulia raime iZulebis gareSe. kerZod, aRniSnuli zianis anazRaurebis mizniT gaTval-
4. unda anazRaurdes pirisaTis miyenebuli nebismieri iswinebulia:
saxis ziani. a) miyenebuli zianisaTvis erTdrouli gadasaxdeli,
nawilobriv reabilitacias eqvemdebareba piri, Tu zem- romlis odenobasac sasamarTlo gansazRvravs daavadebis
dgomma sasamarTlo instanciam Secvala qmedebis kvalifika- simZimisa da prognozis gaTvaliswinebiT, magram Sromis
cia an sasjelis RonisZieba ise, rom faqtobrivad moxdili anazRaurebis as minimalur odenobamde;
sasjeli aRmoCnda meti an ufro mkacri, vidre sabolood b) mkurnalobis xarjebi;
daniSnuli, anda Tu ganaCenidan amoiricxa braldebaTa g) ormagi odenobis pensia invalidobis dadgenis SemTx-
nawili, ris gamoc aRar aris safuZveli dakavebisaTvis, vevaSi.
dapatimrebisaTvis an Tavisuflebis aRkveTisaTvis. moTxovna miyenebuli fizikuri zianis anazRaurebis
fizikuri ziani anazRaurdeba saxelmwifos mier Tanxis Sesaxeb wayenebuli unda iqnes:
gadaxdiT, mkurnalobis xarjebis, Sromisunarianobis da- _ sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebisas,
kargvis an daqveiTebis sakompensaciod, Tu daavadeba gamoi- _ sasjelis moxdis procesSi da
wvia sapatimro adgilebSi dapatimrebulis yofnis reJimis misi moxdis Semdeg 6 Tvis ganmavlobaSi.
darRvevam. 2. reabilitirebulisaTvis ukanono an dausabuTebeli
sssk iTvaliswinebs fizikuri zianis sruli moculobiT moqmedebis Sedegad miyenebuli qonebrivi ziani sruli
anazRaurebas saxelmwifos mier im SemTxvevSi, Tu dadgin- moculobiT anazRaurdeba da moicavs:
deba, rom pirs janmrTeloba dauzianda: a) xelfass an sxva Semosavals, romelic sareabilita-
_ dakavebis, cio pirs moaklda, maT Soris, anacdeni sargebeli;
_ dapatimrebis, b) pensias, daxmarebas, – Tu maTi gadaxda SeCerebuli
iyo;

426 427
g) fuli, fuladi anabrebi da maTi procentebi, obli- dauyovnebliv Seatyobinos amis Taobaze sawarmos, daweseb-
gaciebi da maTi wilxvedri mogeba, sxva fasiani qaRaldebi ulebisa Tu organizaciis administraciasa da SromiT koleq-
da maTze miRebuli Semosavali; tivs, sadac muSaobda an swavlobda reabilitirebuli.
d) sasamarTlo ganaCenis an sxva gadawyvetilebis sa- Tu cnobebi dakavebis, dapatimrebis, samedicino dawese-
fuZvelze saxelmwifo biujetSi Setanili nivTebisa da sxva bulebaSi moTavsebis, Tanamdebobidan gadayenebis, Cxrekis,
qonebis Rirebulebas; sxva iZulebiTi moqmedebis, braldebis Sinaarsisa da gamam-
e) sasamarTlo ganaCenis an sxva gadawyvetilebis sa- tyunebeli ganaCenis Sesaxeb gaavrceles masobrivi infor-
fuZvelze gadaxdevinebuli jarimebi da sasamarTlo xar- maciis saSualebebma, isini valdebulni arian gamoaqveynon
jebi; informacia reabilitaciisa Tu saTanado saproceso moq-
v) Tanxas, romelic gadaxda msjavrdebuls daniSvniT medebis ukanonod an dausabuTeblad cnobis Sesaxeb.
dacvis ganxorcielebisaTvis; organo, romelmac miiRo gadawyvetileba reabilit-
z) advokatisaTvis gadaxdili honorars SeTanxmebiT aciis Sesaxeb, reabilitirebuls aZlevs misi udanaSaulo-
dacvis ganxorcielebisaTvis; bis damadasturebel dokuments.
T) sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebasTan dakavSirebiT Tu romelime saproceso moqmedebis Sedegad pirs qone-
gaweul xarjebs. brivi, fizikuri an moraluri ziani miadga, am zianis anaz-
im piris gardacvalebisas, romelsac ziani miadga, zianis Raurebis garda, samarTalwarmoebis Sesabamisi organo
anazRaurebis ufleba gadadis mis memkvidreebze. (Tanamdebobi piri) romelTa ukanono qmedebamac gamoiwvia
gadauxdel pensias da daxmarebas anazRaurebs social- zianis miyeneba, moTxovnis arsebobis SemTxvevaSi am qmedeb-
uri uzrunvelyofis organoebi, xolo yvela sxva saxis iT dazaralebul pirs werilobiT uxdis bodiSs.
zians – Sesabamisi safinanso organo saxelmwifo biujeti- 4. imavdroulad sssk iTvaliswinebs aseve im pirisaTvis,
dan. dasabrunebeli fulisa da nivTebis Rirebulebis ind- romelic ukanonond an dausabuTeblad iyo msjavrdebuli,
eqsacia xdeba gadaxdis dRes arsebuli saSualo-sabazro vinc aRkveTis RonisZiebis saxiT patimrobaSi imyofeboda,
fasebiT, inflaciis gaTvaliswinebiT. an iyo dakavebuli an moTavsebuli samedicino dawesebule-
3. moraluri zianis anazRaureba xdeba presaSi an maso- baSi sxva uflebaTa aRdgenas. kerZod:
brivi informaciis sxva saSualebiT bodiSis moxdis gziT, 1. samuSaodan (Tanamdebobidan) gaTavisuflebis SemTx-
agreTve fuladi kompensaciiT vevaSi _ misTvis winandeli samuSaos (Tanamdebobis) micemas,
publikacia sruli an nawilobrivi reabilitaciis an Tu es SeuZlebelia_ sxva tolfasi samuSaoTi (Tanamde-
yvela SemTxvevis Sesaxeb unda gamoqveyndes saqarTvelos bobiT) uzrunvelyofas;
iusticiis saministros oficialur gamocemaSi. 2. saswavleblidan garicxvis SemTxvevaSi _ saswavleb-
mosamarTle, prokurori an gamomZiebeli, romelic mi- elSi aRdgenas;
iRebs gadawyvetilebas reabilitaciis Sesaxeb, valdebulia 3. sacxovrebeli binis dakargvis SemTxvevaSi _

428 429
daubrundes adre dakavebuli bina, xolo Tu es SeuZlebe- romelsac reabilitacia mosdevs, saqmes gadascems sasamarT-
lia-saxelmwifom mas riggareSe misces tolfasi keTilmow- los, romlis gansjadic iyo es saqme, da es imave dRes
yobili sacxovrebeli bina imave dasaxlebul punqtSi, sa- unda ecnobos reabilitirebuls. Tu prokurori sisxlis-
binao farTobis moqmedi normebisa da misi ojaxis wevrTa samarTlebrivi devnis an/da winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyveti-
Semadgenlobis gaTvaliswinebiT; sas ar gansazRvravs zianis odenobas, reabilitirebuls
4. samxedro da sxva wodebebis, saklaso Cinebis, or- ufleba aqvs pirdapir mimarTos sasamarTlos. saqmis miRe-
denebis da medlebis CamorTmevis SemTxvevaSi _ dadgenili bidan ara ugvianes erTi Tvisa mosamarTle atarebs sxdomas
wesiT unda aRudges wodebebi, saklaso Cinebi, daubrundes da gamoaqvs dasabuTebuli dadgenileba reabilitirebu-
ordenebi da medlebi. lisaTvis miyenebuli yvela saxis zianis anazRaurebis Ses-
Tu arsebobs monacemebi, rom ziani miyenebulia gamomZie- axeb. mosamarTlis dadgenileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes
blis an prokuroris ukanono anda dausabuTebeli moqmede- saapelacio wesiT.
bis Sedegad, pirs, romelsac Tavi dazaralebulad miaCnia, Tu reabilitaciis safuZveli gamovlinda sasamarTloSi,
ufleba aqvs saCivari Seitanos sasamarTloSi winaswari mosamarTlem (sasamarTlom) sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis
gamoZiebis damTavrebamde. mosamarTle saCivars ganixilavs Sewyvetis Sesaxeb gamamarTlebel ganaCenSi an ganCinebaSi
erTpirovnulad, momCivnisa da im organos warmomadgenlis (dadgenilebaSi), romelsac reabilitacia mosdevs, unda cnos
monawileobiT, romlis moqmedebac saCivrdeba da gamoaqvs: reabilitirebulisaTvis miyenebuli yvela saxis zianis anaz-
1. dadgenileba saCivris dakmayofilebis da miyenebuli Raurebis ufleba. ganaCenis an ganCinebis (dadgenilebis)
zianis anazRaurebis Sesaxeb, romelSic dasabuTebuli unda asli reabilitirebuls unda gadaeces xelze an gaegzavnos
iyos miyenebuli zianis saxeoba da odenoba; an fostiT. mas ganemarteba, rom zianis anazRaurebisa da ufle-
2. dasabuTebuli dadgenileba saCivris dakmayofilebaze bebis aRdgenis Sesaxeb gancxadeba sasamarTloSi Setanili
uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb. unda iqnes gamamarTlebeli ganaCenis an reabilitaciis sxva
mosamarTles, romelmac winaswari gamoZiebis dros aqtis gamotanis dRidan 6 Tvis vadaSi. reabilitirebuls
ganixila saCivari miyenebuli zianis anazRaurebis Sesaxeb, ufleba aqvs mimarTos reabilitaciis Sesaxeb gadawyvetileb-
ufleba ara aqvs SemdgomSi ganixilos sisxlis samarTlis is gamomtan sasamarTlos, romelic reabilitirebulis
saqme, romlis gamoc Setanili iyo saCivari. mosamarTlis gancxadebis mixedviT gansazRvravs misTvis miyenebuli zianis
dadgenileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes saapelacio wesiT. mosa- odenobas, xolo saWiroebis SemTxvevaSi moiTxovs safinanso
marTlis kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli dadgenileba gamoricxavs da socialuri uzrunvelyofis organoebis gaangariSebas. Tu
sasamarTloSi samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoebis wesiT imave sasamarTlom saqme Sewyvita misi sakasacio wesiT ganxil-
moTxovnis dasakmayofileblad mimarTvis SesaZleblobas. visas, zianis odenobas gansazRvravs sasamarTlo, romelmac
mas Semdeg, rac prokurori Sewyvets sisxlissamarT- ganaCeni gamoitana, oRond sxva SemadgenlobiT. gagamamarTle-
lebriv devnas an/da winaswar gamoZiebas im safuZvliT, beli ganaCeni, sasamarTlos, mosamarTlis prokuroris

430 431
ganCineba (dadgenileba) mareabilitirebeli safuZvliT sisx- sxva uflebis aRdgenis, anda qonebisa Tu misi Rirebuleb-
lissamarTlebrivi devnis an/da winaswari gamoZiebis Sewyve- is dabrunebis Sesaxeb ar dakmayofilebula, an Tu moqalaqe
tis Sesaxeb Tavad warmoadgens gadawyvetilebas piris re- ar eTanxmeba miRebul gadawyvetilebas, mas ufleba aqvs
abilitaciis Sesaxeb da am sakiTxis (TviT reabilitaciis mimarTos sasamarTlos Sesabamisi moTxovniT, sasarCelo
faqtis) dasadgenad sasamarTlo ganxilva aRar tardeba. warmoebis wesiT, gamamarTlebeli ganaCenis an reabilit-
sasamarTlo ganxilva reabilitaciasTan dakavSirebiT Seex- aciis Sesaxeb sxva aqtis gamotanis dRidan 3 wlis ganmav-
eba ara TviT reabilitaciis faqtis dadgenas (rac ukve lobaSi.
dadgenilia Sesabamisi mareabilitirebeli gadawyvetilebiT) sasamarTlosaTvis sarCeliT mimarTvis samwliani vadis
aramed_ ukve reabilitirebulisaTvis miyenebuli zianis gaSvebis SemTxvevaSi piri uflebamosilia gacdenili vadis
anazRaurebas da mis aRdgenas uflebebSi. aRdgenis (sapatiod CaTvlis) Sesaxeb gancxadebiTY mimarTos
zianis odenobis gansazRvris Semdeg sasamarTlos gamo- im sasamarTlos, romelSic unda Setaniliyo sarCeli. vadis
aqvs ganCineba (dadgenileba) yvela saxis zianis anazRaure- sapatio mizeziT gacdenisas sasamarTlom es vada unda aR-
bis Sesaxeb. gerbiani beWdiT damowmebuli ganCinebis (dadge- adginos.
nilebis) asli gadaecema an egzavneba reabilitirebuls, reabilitaciis Sesaxeb ganCinebis (dadgenilebis) Ses-
xolo misi gardacvalebis SemTxvevaSi – mis memkvidreebs, ruleba savaldebuloa yvela dawesebulebis, sawarmosa da
raTa es asli warudginon organoebs, romlebic valdeb- organizaciisaTvis, sakuTrebis formis miuxedavad.
ulni arian aanazRauron yvela saxis ziani. Tu gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni an ganCineba (dadgenileba)
reabilitirebulisaTvis yvela saxis zianis anazRaure- reabilitaciis Sesaxeb gauqmebulia da gamamtyunebeli gan-
bis Sesaxeb ganCineba (dadgenileba) SeiZleba saapelacio aCeni gamotanilia, sasamarTlom SeiZleba SecdomiT re-
wesiT gaasaCivron reabilitirebulma, prokurorma, dain- abilitirebuls daakisros zianis asanazRaureblad miReb-
teresebulma pirma da organizaciam, romlebsac exeba sasa- uli Tanxis gadaxda. sasamarTlos agreTve SeuZlia gaauq-
marTlos moTxovna reabilitirebulisaTvis yvela uflebis mos reabilitaciis sxva RonisZiebebi.
aRdgenis Sesaxeb. rogorc ukve avRniSneT, sssk detalurad aregulirebs
Tu reabilitaciis safuZveli gamovlinda sasamarT- reabilitaciis da sisxlis samarTlis procesis organoe-
loSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis arsebiTad ganxilvisas, bis ukanono da dausabuTebeli moqmedebis Sedegad miyen-
mosamarTlem (sasamarTlom) gamamarTlebel ganaCenSi an ebuli zianis anazRaurebas. sssk 12.4 muxli adgens, rom
mareabilitirebeli safuZvliT sisxlissamarTlebrivi `ukanonod da dausabuTeblad TavisuflebaSezRudul pirs
devnis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb dadgenilebaSi (ganCinebaSi) unda aqvs misTvis miyenebuli zianis srulad anazRaurebis
cnos reabilitirebulis ufleba moiTxovos miyenebuli ufleba~. ufleba ukanono da dausabuTebeli dakavebis
zianis anazRaureba. Sedegad miyenebuli zianis anazRaurebis miRebaze garan-
Tu moqalaqis moTxovna SromiTi, sapensio, sabinao an tirebulia eWvmitanilis da braldebulisTvisac (muxli

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73.1 da muxli 76.2). imavdroulad, sssk 150-e muxli iT- pirisaTvis:
valiswinebs ukanono da dausabuTebeli dakavebis Sedegad • qonebrivi,
miyenebuli zianis sruli moculobiT anazRaurebas saxelm- • fizikuri, an
wifo biujetidan, imis miuxedavad, iqneba Tu ara dakave- • moraluri zianis miyenebas.
buli msjavrdebuli. magram sssk 165-e muxli, romelic magram sssk 219-e muxli piris reabilitacias ukavSirebs
aseve aregulirebs piris ukanono an dausabuTebeli dakave- mis gamarTlebas da adgens, rom: reabilitaciis safuZve-
biT da dapatimrebiT miyenebuli zianis anazRaurebis lia:
sakiTxebs principulad sawinaaRmdego debulebebs Seicavs I. gamamarTlebeli ganaCeni,
da adgens, rom qonebrivi ziani pirs sruli moculobiT II. mosamarTlis an prokuroris dadgenileba (ganCineba)
aunazRaurdeba im SemTxvevaSi, Tu dadginda, rom misi sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis an/da winaswari gamoZiebis
dakaveba an dapatimreba ukanono an dausabuTebeli iyo. Sewyvetis Sesaxeb Semdegi safuZvlebiT:
150-e muxlisgan gansxvavebiT igi qonebrivi zianis anaz- a) Tu ar arsebobs sisxlis samarTlis kanoniT gaTval-
Raurebas pirdapir ukavSirdebs gamamarTlebeli ganaCenis iswinebuli qmedeba;
gamotanas, an saqmis Sewyvetas mareabilitirebeli safuZ- b) Tu qmedeba ar aris marTlsawinaaRmdego;
vliT _ kerZod, Tu: g) Tu axali kanoni auqmebs qmedebis danaSaulebri-
_ Tu ar arsebobs sisxlis samarTlis kanoniT gaTval- obas;
iswinebuli qmedeba; an d) Tu kanoni, romelsac emyareba braldeba, arakonsti-
_ saqme Sewyvetilia piris mier sisxlissamarTlebrivi tuciurad aris cnobili;
pasuxismgeblobis asakis miuRwevlobis gamo, an i) Tu arsebobs kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli ganaCeni imave
_ saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 36-e–38-e braldebis gamo anda sasamarTlos (mosamarTlis) ganCineba
muxlebiT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi; (dadgenileba) imave braldebiT sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis
amdenad, sssk 160-e muxli ewinaaRmdegeba evropuli Sewyvetis Taobaze;
sasamarTlos precedentul samarTals, vinaidan kompen- k) Tu arsebobs sasamarTlos an prokuroris dadge-
saciis miniWebisaTvis piris gamarTlebas adgens winapirobad. nileba (ganCineba) sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnisa da winas-
igi aseve ewinaaRmdegeba TviT sssk sxva muxlebsac (mag. wari gamoZiebis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb;
muxli 1504 romelic iTvaliswinebs ukanono da dausabuTe- m) Tu prokurori da dazaralebuli uars ityvian bral-
beli dakavebisaTvis zianis upirobo anazRaurebas). debaze am kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi da dadge-
165-e muxlisgan gansxvavebiT sssk219-e muxliT gaTval- nili wesiT; an
iswinebuli ziani unda anazRaurdes saqmis Sedegis miuxede- III. mosamarTlis an prokuroris dadgenileba (ganCineba)
vad. am SemTxvevaSi erTaderT pirobad sssk adgens im ga- sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb Semdegi
remoebas, rom aRniSnuli qmedebiT adgili unda hqondes safuZvlebiT:

434 435
a) pirs ar miuRwevia im asakisaTvis, romlidanac dgeba $4. Suamdgomloba
sisxlissamarTlebrivi pasuxismgebloba,
b)saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 36-e–38-e Suamdgomloba es aris procesis monawilis oficialuri
muxlebiT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi; Txovna gamomZieblis, sasamarTlos an mosamarTlis winaSe,
g) gasulia am kodeqsis 75-e muxlis me-4 nawiliT gaT- saproceso moqmedebis Catarebis an saproceso gadaw-
valiswinebuli vada. yvetilebis miRebis Sesaxeb (Suamdgomlobis ganxilva _gad-
IV. sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis Sewyveta sss kodeqsis awyvetis wess gansazRvravs sssk 230-e _ 233-e muxlebi).
28-e muxlSi aRniSnuli nebismieri safuZvliT. sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze WeSmaritebis dadgenis erT-
sssk Tanaxmad ukanonod an dausabuTeblad msjavrdebuls erTi garantiaa Suamdgomlobis institutis arseboba. am
an braldebuls unda aRudges uflebebi, Tu dadgindeba misi institutiT sargebloba SeiZleba sisxlis samarTlis pro-
udanaSauloba. cesis nebismier stadiaze. Suamdgomlobis gancxadeba Seu-
zemoT aRniSnuli naTlad metyvelebs imaze, rom saqarT- Zlia procesis yvela monawiles. igi SeiZleba gancxadebu-
velos kanonmdebloba kompensaciis sakiTxs ukavSirebs piris li iqnes rogorc werilobiTi, ise zepiri formiT. weri-
gamarTlebas (gamamarTlebeli ganaCenis dadgenas an mare- lobiTi Suamdgomloba da misi damasabuTebeli masalebi Tan
abilitirebeli safuZvlebiT Sewyvetas). aRniSnuli ewi- erTvis sisxlis samarTlis saqmes. xolo zepiri Suamdgom-
naaRmdegeba adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa loba, Tu is Setanil iqna winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze,
dacvis evropuli konvenciis arss da sasamarTlos praqti- unda aisaxos im sagamoZiebo moqmedebis oqmSi, romlis
kas, romelic iTvaliswinebs kompensaciis uflebis miniWe- Catarebis drosac iyo igi gancxadebuli, aseve SeiZleba
bas ganaCenis saxis miuxedavad. Sedges calke oqmi. sasamarTloSi gancxadebuli Suamdgom-
imavdroulad adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad Tavisu- loba Seitaneba sasamarTlo sxdomis oqmSi.
flebaTa dacvis evropuli konvenciis 5.5 muxli saxelmwi- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
fos ar aniWebs diskrecias Tavad gansazRvros kompensaci- 231-e muxlis me-5 nawilSi SeniSnulia, rom Suamdgomlobis
is saxiT samarTlebrivi dacvis saSualebebis uzrunvelmyo- uaryofa ganmcxadebels ar uspobs uflebas, axali arse-
feli organo. 5.5 muxli moiTxovs, rom aseTi saSualeba biTi garemoebis gamovlenis SemTxvevaSi mimarTos Suamdgom-
xelmisawvdomi iyos sasamarTlos saxiT, rac gulisxmobs, lobiT sisxlis samarTlis procesis imave an sxva stadi-
rom aRniSnuli saSualeba uzrunvelyofili unda iqnes aze.
samarTlebrivad savaldebulo gadawyvetilebiT. rac Seex- Suamdgomloba ganxilul da gadawyvetil unda iqnes
eba kompensaciis uflebis ganxorcielebas, saxelmwifom misi gancxadebis momentidan ara ugvianes 3 dRe-Ramisa.
Tavad unda gansazRvros samarTalwarmoebis forma. samarT- gamomZiebeli, prokurori, pirveli da saapelacio in-
lebrivi dacvis saSualebebis sxva organoebis mier uzrun- stanciis sasamarTloebi miiReben ra Sesabamisad: eWvmita-
velyofa 5.5. muxlis miznebisaTvis sakmarisi ar aris. nilis, braldebulis, gansasjelis, damcvelis, dazarale-

436 437
bulis warmomadgenlis, Tu procesis sxva monawilis das- li. maTac, Sesabamisad gaaCniaT ufleba ganacxadon Suam-
abuTebul Suamdgomlobas mtkicebulebaTa gamoTxovis, dgomloba Catarebul iqnes esa Tu is sagamoZiebo moqmede-
sasamarTlo da sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa Catarebis Sesaxeb, ba maTi monawileobiT. ganacxadon Suamdgomloba gamoZiebis
dauyovnebliv unda daakmayofilon im SemTxvevaSi, Tu Suam- Sevsebis Taobaze, romlis ganxilvac savaldebuloa.
dgomloba xels uwyobs sisxlis samarTlis saqmis gare- Tuki procesis monawilis Suamdgomloba dakmayofile-
moebaTa yovelmxriv, srulad da obieqturad dadgenas. buli iqneba, igi dauyovnebliv unda ecnobos Suamdgomlo-
braldebisa da dacvis mxareTa mier Suamdgomlobis bis ganmcxadebels. magram, Tu ar iqna dakmayofilebuli
Txovnis dros, upiratesobiT arc erTi mxare ar sargeblobs. Suamdgomloba, magaliTad, winaswari gamoZiebis stadiaze,
orive mxaris Suamdgomloba erTnairi yuradRebiT ganix- gamomZiebels gamoaqvs motivirebuli, dasabuTebuli dadge-
ileba. aqve xazgasasmelia erTi garemoebac, kerZod ki, nileba Suamdgomlobis uaryofis Sesaxeb, rac gadaecema
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 232- Suamdgomlobis Semtan pirs, xolo sasamarTloSi Suamdgom-
e muxlis meoTxe nawiliT pirveli da saapelacio instan- lobis uaryofis Sesaxeb gamotanili ganCineba (dadgenile-
ciebis sasamarTloebma aucileblad unda daakmayofilon ba) gamoucxaddeba procesis monawiles uSualod sasamarT-
braldebis mxaris Suamdgomloba im mtkicebulebis gamoTx- loSi.
ovis, saqmeze darTvisa da gamokvlevis Sesaxeb, romelic Tu Suamdgomlobis ganmcxadebeli piri ar eTanxmeba
adasturebs wayenebul braldebas an amZimebs gansasjelis gamomZieblis mier Suamdgomlobis uaryofas, mas ufleba
pasuxismgeblobas. aseTi mbrZanebluri moTxovna, rom aqvs aseTive SuamdgomlobiT mimarTos prokurors.
aucileblad iqnes dakmayofilebuli dacvis mxaris Suam- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
dgomloba kanonmdeblobiT araa gaTvaliswinebuli. aseTi 233-e muxliT sisxlis samarTlis saproceso iZulebis
midgomiT, vfiqrobT, darRveulia SejibrebiTobis mniSvnelo- RonisZiebis gamoyenebis, Secvlis an gauqmebis Sesaxeb Suam-
vani moTxovna _ Tanabari pirobebi SeeqmneT mxareebs mt- dgomlobas adgens gamomZiebeli da eTanxmeba prokurori.
kicebulebaTa warsadgenad da paeqrobisaTvis. amave moqmedebebis vadis gagrZelebis Sesaxeb Suamdgomlobebs
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis ganixilavs mosamarTle aRniSnuli kodeqsis 140-e muxliT
69-e muxlis `d~ punqtis Tanaxmad, dazaralebuls ufleba gaTvaliswinebuli wesiT.
aqvs ganacxados Suamdgomlobani mtkicebulebaTa gamoTxo- im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catare-
vis, sasamarTlo da sagamoZiebo moqmedebaTa Catarebis, saqmis bis dros izRudeba adamianis konstituciuri uflebebi da
garemoebaTa Semowmebisa da samarTalwarmoebis dros wamoW- Tavisuflebebi, Suamdgomlobas sagamoZiebo moqmedebis
rili sxva sakiTxebis Sesaxeb. Catarebis Sesaxeb adgens gamomZiebeli da eTanxmeba proku-
Suamdgomlobis dasmis uflebiT sargebloben, rogorc rori. ganixilavs mosamarTle 140-e muxliT gaTvaliswineb-
es naTqvamia saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso uli wesiT.
kodeqsis 73-e _ 76-e muxlebSi, eWvmitanili da braldebu- mosamarTlis mier sisxlis samarTlis saproceso

438 439
iZulebis RonisZiebis gamoyenebis, gagrZelebis, Secvlis an aweren ganmcxadebeli da saCivris mimRebi Tanamdebobis piri.
gauqmebis Sesaxeb Suamdgomlobis ganxilvisas prokuroris saCivars SeiZleba daerTos misi damadasturebeli masalebi.
monawileoba savaldebuloa. Tu sapatio mizeziT ver moxda saCivris Setana, gacde-
nili drois aRdgena SeuZlia saxelmwifo organos an
Tanamdebobis pirs, romelic uflebamosilia miiRos gadaw-
$5. saCivari yvetileba am saCivris gamo.
mas Semde, rac uflebamosili organo an Tanamdebobis
saCivris cnebis qveS igulisxmeba procesis monawilis
piri miiRebs saCivars, igi unda ganixilos, yovelmxriv
mimarTva sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebisaTvis pasux-
Seamowmos masSi Camoyalibebuli mosazrebani, saWiroebis
ismgebeli saxelmwifo organos an Tanamdebobis pirisadmi
SemTxvevaSi gamoiTxovos damatebiTi masalebi da ganmarte-
darRveuli uflebebisa da kanonieri interesebis aRsadgenad
bani. yvela zoma unda iqnes miRebuli sisxlis samarTlis
(gasaCivrebasTan dakavSirebul sakiTxebs eZRvneba sssk XXX
procesis monawileTa, sxva pirTa, agreTve dawesebulebaTa,
Tavis 234-e _ 243-e muxlebi).
sawarmoebisa da organizaciebis darRveuli uflebebisa da
gamomZieblis, gamoZiebis organos ufrosis, prokuroris,
kanonieri interesebis aRsadgenad.
mosamarTlis an sasamarTlos moqmedebisa da gadawyvetileb-
saCivris ganxilvis Sedegad SeiZleba miRebul iqnes
is gasaCivrebis uflebis miniWeba procesis monawileebisaT-
erT-erTi Semdegi gadawyvetileba: a) gasaCivrebuli gadaw-
vis, umniSvnelovanesi garantiaa maTi uflebebis, Tavisufle-
yvetilebis an misi nawilis gauqmebis an Secvlis Sesaxeb;
bebisa da kanonieri interesebis dasacavad.
b) sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb; g)
kanonmdebeli uSvebs SesaZleblobas saCivari Setanil
gasaCivrebuli moqmedebis iuridiuli Zalis armqoned cno-
iqnes im pirTan an im organoSi, romlis moqmedebac an gad-
bis Sesaxeb; d) saCivris uaryofis Sesaxeb. saCivris dak-
awyvetilebac saCivrdeba. magram am SemTxvevaSi saCivari
mayofilebaze uari dasabuTebuli unda iyos.
dauovnebliv unda gadaegzavnos uflebamosil pirs.
saCivris Semtan pirs unda Seatyobinon, rom miRebulia
gamomZieblis, gamoZiebis organos ufrosis an proku-
gadawyvetileba saCivris gamo da gunamarton gasaCivrebis
roris moqmedebis an gadawyvetilebis gamo saCivari ra
Semdgomi wesi;
vadaSi unda iqnes Setanili, rogorc wesi, kanonmdebeli
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
ar adgens. rogorc saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis sap-
241-e muxlis meore nawilSi aRniSnulia, rom: `Tu gasa-
roceso kodeqsis 236-e muxli gansazRvravs, aseTi saCivari
Civrebuli moqmedebis an gadawyvetilebis gamo pirs arama-
SeiZleba wardgenil iqnes winaswari gamoZiebis mTeli war-
rTlzomieri moraluri, fizikuri an qonebrivi ziani miadga,
moebis ganmavlobaSi.
mas unda ganemartos am zianis anazRaurebis ufleba~.
saCivari SeiZleba iyos rogorc werilobiTi aseve zepiri.
sisxlis samarTlis saqmes unda daerTos saCivari da
zepiri saCivari Setanil unda iqnes oqmSi, romelsac xels
masze pasuxis asli, agreTve saCivris Semowmebis masalebi.

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saproceso kodeqsis 242-e muxlis Sesabamisad gamomZie- vadaSi saapelacio sasamarTlos sagamoZiebo kolegiaSi,
blis, prokuroris moqmedebisa da gadawyvetilebis gasa- sadac saCivari ganixileba 15 dRis vadaSi. ganmcxadebeli
Civreba SeiZleba moxdes sasamarTloSi, romelic momCivanis Tavisufldeba baJis gadasaxadisagan.
azriT ukanonoa, kerZod: saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
a) sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis an/da winaswari gamoZie- 243-e muxli gansazRvravs winaswri gamoZiebis stadiaze
bis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb prokuroris dadgenileba (399-e aRkveTis RonisZiebis gamoyenebis, Secvlis an gauqmebis
muxli). Sesaxeb mosamarTlis brZanebis gasaCivrebis wess. kerZod
b) eqspertizis daniSvnaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb gamomZie- ki, naTqvamia, rom: raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mosa-
blis an prokuroris dadgenileba (73-e muxli). marTlis brZaneba (dadgenileba) aRkveTis RonisZiebis gamoy-
sasamarTlosaTvis saCivriT mimarTvis ufleba aqvs pro- enebis, Secvlis an gauqmebis Sesaxeb, SeiZleba erTjeradad
cesis yovel monawiles, romelic icavs sakuTar an marw- gasaCivrdes brZanebis (dadgenilebis) gacemidan (gamotani-
muneblis interess, kerZod: eWvmitanils, braldebuls, dan) 48 saaTis vadaSi saapelacio sasamarTlos sagamoZiebo
damcvels, kanonier warmomadgenels, agreTve dazaralebuls, kolegiaSi.
samoqalaqo mosarCeles, samoqalaqo mopasuxes, maT warmo- saCivari Setanil unda iqnes brZanebis (dadgenilebis)
madgenlebs. gamomtan mosamarTlesTan, romelic saCivarsa da saqmis
procesis monawiles ufleba aqvs gamomZieblis moqmede- masalebs dauyovnebliv ugzavnis Sesabamis sasamarTlos
bisa Tu gadawyvetilebis gamo saCivriT mimarTos sasamarT- gansjadobis mixedviT. gasaCivreba ar aCerebs brZanebis
los mas Semdeg, rac es saCivari uaryo prokurorma, anda (dadgenilebis) aRsrulebasa da saqmeze gamoZiebas. mosa-
uSualod sasamarTlos. marTle saCivars ganixilavs saqmis masalebis miRebidan ara
saCivars ganixilavs sasamarTlo gamoZiebis adgilis ugvianes 72 saaTisa; saCivris ganxilvis dRe da dro dauy-
mixedviT. saCivari Seitaneba ara ugvianes 15 dRisa mas ovnebliv ecnobeba mxareebs.
Semdeg, rac momCivnisaTvis cnobili gaxda moqmedeba Tu sagamoZiebo kolegiis mosamarTle saCivars erTpirovnu-
gadawyvetileba, romelic mas ukanonod an dausabuTeblad lad ganixilavs, prokurorisa da mxareTa monawileobiT.
miaCnia, gasaCivrebis vadis sapatio mizeziT gacdenis SemTx- mxareTa gamoucxadebloba ar abrkolebs saCivris ganxilvas.
vevaSi misi aRdgena SeuZlia sasamarTlos. saCivris ganxilvisas mowmdeba aRkveTis RonisZiebebis gamoy-
miRebul saCivars sasamarTlo ganixilavs 15 dRis va- enebis, Secvlis an gauqmebis Sesaxeb brZanebis (dadgenileb-
daSi. is) gacemisas mosamarTlem daicva Tu ara kanoniT gaTval-
saCivris ganxilvis Semdeg mosamarTles gamoaqvs dadge- iswinebuli moTxovnebi, da amis Semdeg mosamarTle (sasa-
nileba saCivris dakmayofilebaze uaris Tqmis an saCivris marTlo) iRebs erT-erT Semdeg gadawyvetilebas; a) gasa-
dakmayofilebis Sesaxeb. Civrebuli brZanebis (dadgenilebis) ZalaSi datovebisa da
mosamarTlis dadgenileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes 10 dRis saCivris dakmayofilebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb; b) gasaCivre-

442 443
buli brZanebis (dadgenilebis) gauqmebis (Secvlis) da $6. sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gaerTianeba
saCivris dakmayofilebis Sesaxeb. da gamoyofa
saCivris ganmxilvel mosamarTles (sasamarTlos) ufle-
ba aqvs adre gamoyenebuli aRkveTis RonisZieba braldebis im mizniT, rom yovelmxriv, srulad da obieqturad
mxaris (prokurori, dazaralebuli da misi warmomadgeneli) iqnes gamoZiebuli sisxlis samarTlis saqmis yvela gare-
Suamdgomlobis safuZvelze Secvalos ufro mkacri aRkve- moeba, sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanonmdebloba iTval-
Tis RonisZiebiT, ris Sesaxebac gamoitans dadgenilebas iswinebs sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gaerTianebasa da
(ganCinebas). gamoyofas.
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kanoniT, saCivris Semtan sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa erT warmoebad gaerTiane-
mxares ufleba aqvs, vidre mosamarTle saTaTbiro oTaxSi bis safuZveli SeiZleba iyos: a) erTi an ramdenime dana-
gavidodes, ukan gamoiTxovos Tavisi saCivari. aseT SemTx- Saulis CadenaSi Tanamonawile ramdenime piris braldebis
vevaSi saCivris ganmeorebiT Setana ar daiSveba. saqmeebi; b) ramdenime danaSaulis CadenaSi monawile erTi
rogorc saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso piris braldebis saqmeebi; g) danaSaulis winaswar Seupire-
kodeqsis 243-e muxlis merve nawilSia aRniSnuli: sa- beli dafarvis saqmeebi; d) saqmeebi movlenisa da moqmede-
Civris ganxilvis Sedegad gamotanili dadgenilebis asle- bis Sesaxeb, romelTa monawileebic imavdroulad arian
bi gadaecema mxareebs, egzavneba brZanebis (dadgenilebis) braldebulica da dazaralebulic, maT Soris, sajaro
gamcem mosamarTlesa da dadgenilebis aRmasrulebel or- braldebis saqmeebi.
ganos. mxedvelobaSia misaRebi is garemoebac, rom sisxlis
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 243-e muxliT samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis 245-e muxli SesaZleblad
dadgenili wesis Sesabamisad, gamotanili dadgenileba miiCnevs erT warmoebad saqmeTa gaerTianebas da ara valde-
sabolooa da ar gasaCivrdeba. bulebad. kanonmdeblis aseTi miniSneba logikuricaa, rameTu
gasaTvaliswinebelia is praqtikuli siZneleebi, romelic
Tan axlavs konkretuli sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gamoZie-
basa da ganxilvas.
erTi an ramdenime danaSaulis CadenaSi Tanamonawile
ramdenime piris braldebis saqmeebis erT warmoebad gaer-
Tianebas is gamarTleba aqvs, rom iZleva SesaZleblobas
dadgindes TiToeuli Tanamonawilis roli danaSaulTa
CadenaSi da obieqturad mieces Sefaseba rogorc TiToeulis
qmedebas, ise danaSaulis saSiSroebas. aRniSnuli safuZvliT
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebi erT warmoebad SeiZleba gaer-

444 445
Tiandes winaswari gamoZiebis msvlelobisas. romlis adgilsamyofelic ucnobia; g) braldebulis mimarT,
rac Seexeba ramdenime danaSaulis CadenaSi monawile romelic mZime avadmyofobiT daavadda, rac dadasturebulia
erTi piris braldebis saqmeebs, am safuZvliT SeiZleba eqimis mier; d) arasrulwlovani braldebulis mimarT,
gaerTianebul iqnes nebismieri, ramdenime sisxlis samarTlis romelic saqmeSi monawileobisaTvis Cabmulia mozrdil
saqme, miuxedavad maTi Sinaarsisa da simZimisa, Tu dadgin- braldebulebTan erTad, Tu es gavlenas ar moaxdens gamoZie-
deba, rom es danaSaulebani Cadenilia erTi piris mier. am bisa da sasamarTlo ganxilvis yovelmxrivobaze, sisrule-
safuZvliT saqmeTa gaerTianeba erT warmoebad SeiZleba sa da obieqturobaze; e) danaSaulis daudgeneli Tana-
wamoiWras winaswari gamoZiebisas, agreTve sasamarTloSic. monawilis mimarT.
danaSaulis winaswar Seupirebeli dafarvis saqmeebis sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gamoyofis Sesaxeb dgeba
erT warmoebad gaerTianebas is Tavisebureba axlavs, rom prokuroris, anda mosamarTlis (sasamarTlos) dadgenile-
am dros erTiandeba saqme ori sxvadasxva danaSaulis Ses- ba (ganCineba).
axeb, romlebic Cadenilia sxvadasxva piris mier. magram sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa gamoyofisas, gamoiyofa
aRniSnul saqmeTa gaerTianebas is gamarTleba aqvs, rom saqmis masalebi dednebi, xolo maTi saTanadod damowmebu-
winaswar Seupirebeli dafarvisaTvis pasuxismgebloba damok- li aslebi rCeba saqmeSi, romlidanac gamoiyo masalebi.
idebulia imaze, dadgindeba Tu ara egreT wodebuli `Zir- gamoyofili saqmis winaswari gamoZiebis vada iwyeba
iTadi~ danaSaulis Cadena. gamoyofis Sesaxeb dadgenilebis gamotanis dRidan.
saqmeTa gaerTianeba erT warmoebad, romlis monawilee-
bic imavdroulad arian braldebulica da dazaralebulic,
xSirad gvxvdeba kerZo braldebis saqmeebze, rodesac mxa- $7 samarTlebrivi daxmareba da urTierToba
reebi erTmaneTs braldebebs uyeneben. aseT SemTxvevaSi sazRvargareTis saxelmwifoebTan
mosamarTle Tavisi dadgenilebiT dazaralebuls cnobs
msoflioSi mimdinare integraciuli procesebi, sazRvre-
braldebuladac, xolo braldebuls _ dazaralebuladac.
bis gamWvirvaleoba da gadaadgilebis Tavisufleba garkveul-
saqmeTa gaerTianeba erT warmoebad xdeba prokuroris
wilad xels uwyobs organizebuli transnacionaluri dana-
dadgenilebiT an prokuroris SuamdgomlobiT mosamarTlis
Saulis masStabebis zrdas, rac safrTxes uqmnis rogorc
(sasamarTlos) dadgenilebiT (ganCinebiT).
konkretul saxelmwifoTa, aseve msoflio Tanamegobrobis
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
usafrTxoebas da marTlwesrigs. aRniSnulidan gamomdinare,
246-e muxli iTvaliswinebs sisxlis samarTlis saqmidan
sul ufro mzard mniSvnelobas iZens saxelmwifoTaSoriso
saqmis gamoyofas calke warmoebisaTvis. kerZod, prokurors,
TanamSromloba sisxlis samarTlis saqmeTa ganxilva-gamoZie-
sasamarTlos (mosamarTles) ufleba aqvT sisxlis samarT-
bis sferoSi, ris gareSec praqtikulad SeuZlebeli xdeba
lis saqmidan gamoyon saqme calke warmoebisaTvis: a) mi-
gamoZiebis srulyofilad ganxorcieleba.
malvaSi myofi braldebulis mimarT; b) braldebulis mimarT,

446 447
sisxlis samarTlis sferoSi saerTaSoriso TanamSrom- 5. kanoniT `saerTaSoriso sisxlis samarTlis sasa-
lobasTan dakavSirebuli saproceso sakiTxebis reglamen- marTlosTan TanamSromlobis Sesaxeb~ _ saerTaSoriso
tacia xdeba: sisxlis samarTlis sasamarTlosTan TanamSromloba.
1. saqarTvelosaTvis ZalaSi myofi saerTaSoriso konven- samarTlebrivi daxmarebis sferoSi sazRvargareTis
ciebis da xelSekrulebebis debulebiT1 qveynebTan da saerTaSoriso struqturebTan TanamSromlo-
2. samTavrobaTaSoriso da sauwyebaTaSoriso xelSekru- ba, rogorc wesi, gulisxmobs:
lebebiT 1. sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moqmedebebis Catarebis,
3. saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis mtkicebulebaTa da informaciis gadacemis
XXXII TaviT 2. piris gadacemis Sesaxeb TxovnasTan dakavSirebul
4. saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis urTierTobebs.
247-260 muxlebiT-Sesabamis saxelmwifosTan samarT- a) samarTlebrivi daxmareba sagamoZiebo da sasa-
lebrivi daxmarebis Sesaxeb xelSekrulebis ar arsebo- marTlo moqmedebebis Catarebis, mowmeTa Cvenebebis, mt-
bis SemTxvevaSi. kicebulebaTa, masalebis an dokumentebis, informaciis
kerZod, aseTi daxmarebis gawevis sakiTxi SeiZleba gad- miRebis mizniT.
awydes saqarTvelos iusticiis ministris an saqarTvelos aRniSnuli tipis daxmarebis mizani, rogorc wesi, aris
generalur prokurorsa da aRniSnuli saxelmwifos Sesa- mtkicebulebaTa mopoveba, saqmis masalebis gacnoba, Cxreka-
bamis Tanamdebobis pirebs Soris specialurad am SemTxve- amoRebis Catareba, SemTxvevis adgilis daTvaliereba, in-
visaTvis dadebuli SeTanxmebiT da xorcieldeba 248-260 formaciis da mtkicebulebebis gadacema, Sesabamisi doku-
muxlebiT dadgenili wesiT. mentebis da masalebis originalebis an damowmebuli asleb-
is wardgena maT Soris sabanko, safinanso, safirmo da ko-
1 `eqstradiciis Sesaxeb~ evropis konvencia da misi damatebiTi oqmebi, merciuli dokumentebis, Semosavlebis da sakuTrebis
`sisxlis samarTlis sakiTxebze urTierTdaxmarebis Sesaxeb~ 1959 wlis 20 dadgena mtkicebis miznebisaTvis, moqmedi samarTlis da
aprilis evropis konvencia; misi damatebiTi oqmi (1978w. 17 marti), `ucxoeTis
kanonmdeblobaze informaciis Sesaxeb~ evropuli konvenciis damatebiTi oqmi sasamarTlo praqtikis Sesaxeb informaciis miwodeba da
(1978w), arasrulwlovanTa repatriaciis Sesaxeb evropuli konvencia (1970), sxva. mxareebs ufleba aqvT erTmaneTs gauwion nebismieri
sisxlis samarTlebriv ganaCenTa saerTaSoriso aRiarebis Sesaxeb~ (1970), saxis samarTlebrivi daxmareba, romelic ar ikrZaleba Sem-
`wamebis da sxva araadamianuri da damamcirebeli mopyrobis Tavidan acilebis
Sesaxeb~ konvencia da misi damatebiTi oqmebi; `msjavrdebul pirTa gadacemis kiTxveli mxaris kanonmdeblobiT. imavdroulad, rogorc
Sesaxeb~ 13 XII 1957w evropuli konvencia, da misi damatebiTi oqmebi 17 mati wesi, mxareebs ara aqvT ufleba uari Tqvan samarTlebrivi
1973wlis da 15 oqtomberi 1975wlis;. evropuli SeTanxmeba samarTlebrivi
daxmarebis Sesaxeb SuamdgomlobaTa gadacemis Sesaxeb (1977w) , konvencia samo-
daxmarebis gawevaze sabanko saidumloebis safuZvliT.
qalaqo, saojaxo da sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebze samarTlebrivi daxmarebis da samarTlebrivi daxmarebis es saxe iyo sam qvesaxed:
samarTlebrivi urTierTobebis Sesaxeb dsT–s wevr saxelmwifoTaTvis (1993w); 1. samarTlebrivi daxmareba sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo
aseve mravalricxovani ormxrivi xelSekrulebebiT samarTlebrivi daxmarebis
Sesaxeb.
moqmedebebis Catarebis,

448 449
2. samarTlebrivi daxmareba mtkicebulebaTa da infor- Suamdgomloba sagamoZiebo moqmedebebis Catarebis Ses-
maciis miRebis, axeb igzavneba saqarTvelos generaluri prokuroris (an
3. mowmed, eqspertad, dazaralebulad, samoqalaqo mis mier saamisod uflebamosili prokuroris) meSveobiT,
mosarCeled / mopasuxed pirTa mowvevis, xolo sasamarTlo moqmedebis Catarebis Sesaxeb- saqarT-
4. piris gadacemis sakiTxebSi. velos iusticiis ministris meSveobiT.
gavixiloT TiToeuli maTgani calk-calke. Suamdgomloba saproceso moqmedebis Catrebis Sesaxeb
samarTlebrivi daxmareba sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moq- dgeba werilobiT im saxelmwifos enaze, sadac is igza-
medebebis CatarebaSi
medebebis vneba (Tu saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebiT sxva ram ar aris
Tavis mxriv, Txovna sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo moq- gaTvaliswinebuli) da mowmdeba davalebis gamgzavnis xel-
medebebis Catarebis Sesaxeb iyofa or qvesaxed misi Catare- moweriTa da dawesebulebis gerbiani beWdiT. Suamdgom-
bis adgilis mixedviT: loba unda Seicavdes:
a) saqarTvelos samarTaldamcavi organoebis Txovna a) Suamdgomlobis gamgzavni organos dasaxelebas da
ucxo saxelmwifos teritoriaze sagamoZiebo da sasamarT- misamarTs;
lo moqmedebebis Catarebis Sesaxeb, da b) im organos dasaxelebasa da misamarTs, romelsac
b) ucxo saxelmwifos kompetenturi organoebis davale- egzavneba Suamdgomloba;
ba saqarTvelos teritoriaze sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo g) saqmis faqtobriv garemoebebs;
moqmedebebis Catarebis Sesaxeb.
d) Txovnis arss _ Casatarebeli sagamoZiebo Tu sasa-
a. saqarTvel
saqarTvelosos samarTaldamcavi organoebis Txovna
marTlo moqmedebis Sinaarss
ucxo saxelmwifos teritoriaze sagamoZiebo da sasamarT-
e) monacemebs im pirTa vinaobis, moqalaqeobis, sacx-
lo moqmedebebis Catarebis Sesaxeb.
ovrebeli da samuSao adgilebis, saqmianobisa da sisxlis
saqarTveloSi sisxlis samarTlis saqmis warmoebisas,
samarTlis saqmisadmi damokidebulebis Sesaxeb, romelTa
calkeul SemTxvevebSi, SeiZleba aucilebeli gaxdes sazR-
mimarTac unda ganxorcieleds sagamoZiebo Tu sasamarTlo
vargareT saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kod-
eqsiT gaTvaliswinebuli calkeuli sagamoZiebo Tu sasa- moqmedeba
marTlo moqmedebebis Catareba (magaliTad, rogoricaa mow- v) gamoTxovili dokumentebisa da nivTieri mtkiceb-
meTa dakiTxva, sagamoZiebo eqsperimenti, eqspertizis ulebebis nusxas
Catareba da a.S). z) mosamarTlis xelmoweriTa da gerbiani beWdiT
saproceso moqmedebis Catarebis aucileblobisas damowmebuli brZaneba Sesabamisi saproceso moqmedebis
gamomZiebeli, prokurori an sasamarTlo maT Catarebas Catarebis Sesaxeb1
avalebs im saxelmwifos Sesabamis organos, romelTanac
1 mxolod im SuamdgomlobebTan mimarTebaSi, romlebic exeba iseTi sapro-
dadebulia xelSekruleba samarTlebrivi daxmarebis Ses- ceso moqmedebebis Catarebas, romlisTvisac saqarTvelos sssk-iT aucilebelia
axeb. mosamarTlis (sasamarTlos) brZaneba (ganCineba)

450 451
sagangebo SemTxvevaSi Suamdgomloba SeiZleba gadaices egzavneba SemkiTxvel mxares.
teqnikuri saSualebebis gamoyenebiT, Semdeg ki dadas- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
turdes werilobiT. werilobiTi dadasturebis gagzavnis Tanaxmad Suamdgomlobis Sesruleba ar xdeba im SemTx-
vada regulirdeba ormxrivi xelSekrulebebiT. vevaSi, Tu:
amasTanave, ucxo saxelmwifos teritoriaze dadgenili 1. misma Sesrulebam SeiZleba ziani miayenos saqarT-
wesiT Catarebuli gamoZiebisa da sasamarTlo ganxilvis velos erovnul interesebs, saqarTvelos suverenitets,
dros miRebul mtkicebulebas saqmeze Sekrebil sxva mt- saqarTvelos uSiSroebas, sazogadoebriv wesrigs;
kicebulebaTa Tanabari iuridiuli Zala aqvs da isini (mt- 2. davalebis Sesruleba SeuZlebelia;
kicebulebebi da dokumentebi) ar saWiroeben damowmebas 3. igi ewinaaRmdegeba Semsrulebeli mxaris kanonmde-
raime formiT1. blobis ZiriTad principebs;
b. ucxo saxelmwifos Suamdgomlobis Sesruleba 4. Txovna dakavSirebulia danaSaulTan, romelic
ucxo saxelmwifos Suamdgomloba sruldeba Tu is Se- saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobiT warmoadgens politikur da-
icavs saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebiTa da saqarTvelos naSauas, politikur danaSaulsTan dakavSirebul dana-
sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsiT gaTvaliswinebu- Sauls, an fiskalur danaSauls;
li davalebis yvela rekvizits. Tu davalebaSi es monace- 5. Txovna dakavSirebulia danaSaulTan, romlis Taobazec
mebi ar aris an arasrulyofiladaa miTiTebuli, gamoiTx- saqarTveloSi mimdinareobs sisxlis samarTlebrivi devna;
oveba damatebiTi monacemebi. 6. Txovna dakavSirebulia danaSaulTan, romlis Taoba-
Suamdgomloba sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catarebis Sesaxeb zec kanonier ZalaSia Sesuli saqarTvelos sasamarTlos
sruldeba saqarTvelos generaluri prokuroris miTiTe- mier gamotanili ganaCeni.
biT, xolo sasamarTlo moqmedebis Catarebis Sesaxeb _ am SemTxvevaSi miRebuli dokumentebi saqarTvelos ius-
saqarTvelos iusticiis ministris davalebiT. Suamdgom- ticiis saministros an saqarTvelos generaluri prokuro-
loba, rogorc wesi, sruldeba saqarTvelos sisxlis sa- ris meSveobiT ubrundeba momTxovn saxelmwifos davalebis
marTlis saproceso kodeqsiT dadgenili wesiT2. Sesrulebis xelSemSleli mizezebis miTiTebiT.
moTxovnis Sesrulebis procesSi mopovebuli dokumen- CxrekasTan an sakuTrebis konfiskaciasTan dakavSire-
tebi dgeba qarTul enaze da mopovebul masalebTan erTad bul sasamarTlo davalebebs saqarTvelos samarTaldamcavi
organoebi aRasruleben im SemTxvevaSi, Tu danaSauli,
1 …`sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebze urTierTdaxmarebis Sesaxeb~ evropuli
romelTanac dakavSirebulia sasamarTlo davaleba:
konvenciis muxli 17 a) dasjadia, rogorc momTxovni, aseve saqarTvelos
2 saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebiT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi kanonmdeblobiT
SesaZlebelia ucxo saxelmwifos saproceso normebis gamoyeneba, Tu es b) saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobiT am tipis danaSaulisT-
normebi ar ewinaaRmdegeba saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobas.
vis gaTvaliswinebulia eqstradicia

452 453
g) sasamarTlo davalebis aRsruleba Seesabameba saqarT- ba da saqmis warmoebis damTavrebis Semdeg ubrundeba Sem-
velos kanonmdeblobas. srulebel mxares Sesabamisi pirebisaTvis gadasacemad.
b) samarTlebrivi daxmareba mtkicebulebaTa da in- calkeul SemTxvevaSi es sagnebi mflobels SeiZleba
formaciis, dokumentebis da masalebis daubrundes saqmis warmoebis damTavrebamdec, Tu amiT ziani
gadacemis sakiTxebSi ar adgeba saqmis warmoebas.
Semsrulebeli mxare valdebulia SemkiTxvel mxares sasamarTlo davalebis aRsrulebisaTvis gadacemuli
samarTlebrivi daxmarebis farglebSi gadasces nebismieri nivTebi ar eqvemdebareba baJiTa da gadasaxadebiT
nivTi (maT Soris Canawerebi, dokumentebi, sakuTreba), dabegvras.
romelic dakavSirebulia danaSaulis CadenasTan an romel- Tu ucxo saxelmwifos moqalaqem, romelmac saqarT-
ic SeiZleba warmoadgendes mtkicebulebas sisxlissamarT- velos teritoriaze Caidina danaSauli datova saqarT-
lebrivi devnis procesSi (magaliTad, danaSaulis Cadenis velos teritoria, aRZruli da gamoZiebuli saqmis yvela
iaraRi, danaSaulebrivi gziT mopovebuli nivTebi, sagnebi, masala unda gadasces – saqarTvelos generalur proku-
romlebzec aris danaSaulis kvali). nivTebis gadacema ar rors, romelic ugzavnis ucxo saxelmwifos Sesabamis
aris dakavSirebuli pirovnebis gadacemasTan. dawesebulebas sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnis gasagrZele-
Semsrulebel mxares SeuZlia droebiT SeaCeros nivTe- blad, an mimarTavs TxovniT saqarTvelosaTvis braldebu-
bis gadacema, Tu: lis gadmocemis Sesaxeb.
_ es nivTebi mas esaWiroeba sxva sisxlis samarTlis ucxo saxelmwifos moTxovnas gamosaZieblad gadascen
saqmis warmoebisaTvis. masalebi saqarTvelos moqalaqis mimarT, romelmac dana-
_ Suamdgomlobis Sesruleba xels SeuSlis mimdinare Sauli Caidina am saxelmwifos teritoriaze da saqarT-
gamoZiebis, sasamarTlo ganxilvis an sisxlissamarTlebri- veloSi dabrunda, ganixilavs saqarTvelos generaluri
vi devnis ganxorcielebis interesebs. prokuratura. amasTan, saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebis Sesa-
am SemTxvevaSi Semsrulebeli mxare atarebs konsul- bamisad SeiZleba miRebuli iqnes erT-erTi Semdegi gadaw-
taciebs SemkiTxvel mxaresTan im mizniT, rom gairkves yvetileba:
ramdenad aris SesaZlebeli SemkiTxveli mxaris mier 1. gamoZiebis damTavrebamde masalebis gadacema;
moTxovil vadaSi da pirobebSi am Suamdgomlobis Ses- 2. saqarTvelos teritoriaze gamoZiebisa da sasamarT-
ruleba. lo ganxilvis Catareba;
SemkiTxveli mxarisaTvis gadacemuli sakuTrebis, Canaw- 3. saqarTvelos moqalaqis gadacema, im ucxo saxelmwi-
erebisa da dokumentebis originalebi Semsrulebel mxares fos teritoriaze gamoZiebisa da sasamarTlo ganxilvisaT-
ubrundeba SeZlebisdagvarad mokle vadaSi, Tu igi ar acx- vis, sadac moxda danaSauli.
adebs maTze uars. g) samarTlebrivi daxmareba mowmed, eqspertad,
gadacemul sagnebze mesame pirTa uflebebi ZalaSi rCe- dazaralebulad, samoqalaqo mosarCeled/mopasuxed
454 455
pirTa mowvevis sakiTxebSi 2. mis mimarT saTanado zomiT iqneba gamoyenebuli imu-
saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsi nitetebi sisxlis samarTlebrivi devnisgan
iTvaliswinebs sisxlis samarTlis procesSi mowmed, gadacemaze uari SeiZleba iTqvas, Tu:
dazaralebulad, eqspertad samoqalaqo mosarCeled an 1. dakavebuli piri misi gadacemis winaaRmdegia
samoqalaqo mopasuxed, xolo braldebulis Suamdgomlo- 2. am piris yofna aucilebelia sisxlis samarTlebrivi
biT-aseve damcvelad an kanonier warmomadgenlad monawile- devnis miznebisaTvis
obisaTvis ucxo saxelmwifos moqalaqis mowvevas am uka- 3. gadacemam SeiZleba gaaxangrZlivos misi dakavebis (pa-
nasknelis TanxmobiT. aRniSnuli pirebis (SeTanxmebiT timrobis) vada
mowveuli advokatis garda) saqarTveloSi Camosvlisa da 4. sxva mniSvnelovani safuZvlis arsebobis SemTxvevaSi.
yofnis xarjebi anazRaurdeba saxelmwifo biujetidan. Tu gamoZaxebulia ucxo saxelmwifos moqalaqe, dauS-
pirebis gamoZaxebis Sesaxeb Suamdgomlobis uaryofisas vebelia misi iZuleba, moyvana, dakaveba, dapatimreba, samedi-
maTi gamoZaxebis xarjebi ekisreba im mxares, romelmac cino dawesebulebaSi moTavseba, Cxreka, mis mimarT iZulebi-
Seitana Suamdgomloba. Ti xasiaTis sxva RonisZiebebis gamoyeneba, gafrTxileba
Txovna aRniSnul pirTa gamoZaxebis Sesaxeb SeiZleba Cvenebis micemaze uaris Tqmisa da cru Cvenebis micemisaT-
gaegzavnos gamosaZaxebel pirsac. vis pasuxismgeblobis Sesaxeb. sagamoZiebo da sasamarTlo
calkeul SemTxvevebSi, sisxlis samarTlis saqmis moqmedebebi, romlebic dakavSirebulia moqalaqis iZule-
gamoZiebis an marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis miznebi- basTan da misi konstituciuri uflebebisa da Tavisufle-
saTvis aucilebelia sxva saxelmwifos teritoriaze bebis SezRudvasTan tardeba mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu
dakavebuli (dapatimrebuli) piris mowmis saxiT dakiTxva isini sanqcionirebulia ucxo saxelmwifos sasamarTlos
an dapirispireba uSualod sisxlis samarTlis saqmis mwar- an sxva kompetenturi organos mier.
moebeli organoebis mier saqmis warmoebis adgilze (magal- sasamarTlo uwyebis safuZvelze sasamarTlos winaSe
iTad: saqmis sirTulis gamo ar aris mizanSewonili aRniS- gamocxadebuli piri, mowme an eqsperti sargeblobs imu-
nuli sagamoZiebo moqmedebis Catrebis Sesaxeb Suamdgom- nitetiT sisxlissamarTlebrivi devnisagan da pasuxismge-
lobis gagzavna, ver xerxdeba videokonferenciis organi- blobisagan im qmedebebisaTvis da im ganaCenebis aRsruleb-
zeba an marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis miznebisTvis am isgan, romlebsac adgili hqonda Semsrulebeli saxelmwi-
piris Cvenebis mniSvnelobidan gamomdinare aucilebelia fos teritoriaze am piris saqarTveloSi Camosvlamde.
mis mier micemuli Cvenebis sarwmunoobis maRali xarisxis imuniteti wydeba, Tu aRniSnuli piri:
uzrunvelyoda da sxva) am piris droebiTi gadacema momTx- 1. ar datovebs saqarTvelos teritorias 15 dRis gan-
ovni saxelmwifosaTvis daiSveba, Tu: mavlobaSi im dRidan, roca misi yofna saqarTvelos teri-
1. igi dabrunebuli iqneba gadmomcemi saxelmwifos mier toriaze aRar esaWiroeba sasamarTlo organoebs, an
miTiTebul vadaSi, da 2. brundeba saqarTveloSi mogvianebiT.

456 457
piris gadacema SemTxvevaSi;
gadacemis institutebTan mimarTebaSi msoflioSi Camoy- 2. garkveuli pirobebis arsebobisas dasaSvebia sakuTari
alibebulia orgvari midgoma: moqalaqeebis gadacemac-sasamarTloebi am qveynebSi
1. evropuli midgoma _ gavrcelebulia romanul-german- uaryofen sakuTari moqalaqeebis gadacemis amkrZalavi
uli samarTlis qveynebSi kontinentur evropasa da laTi- saerTaSoriso sam. normebis arsebobas da aq dadebuli
noamerikul qveynebSi, yofil koloniebSi (britanuli xelSekrulebebis umravlesoba iTvaliswinebs garkveuli
koloniebis garda) pirobebis arsebobisas sakuTari moqalaqeebis gadacemis
2. anglo-amerikuli midgoma _ damaxasiaTebelia `saer- SesaZleblobas da es sakiTxi wydeba xelSemkvreli
To samarTlis~ qveynebisaTvis. mxareebis mier sakuTari Sexedulebisamebr yovel konk-
evropuli midgoma emyareba pirTa gadacemis mareguli- retul saqmesTan mimarTebaSi.
rebeli principebis: ormagi kriminalizaciis, special- 3. gadacemis Sesaxeb sakiTxis gadawyvetaSi monawileobs
izaciis da sakuTari moqalaqeebis gadacemis akrZalvis sasamarTlo, magram gadamwyveti sityva ekuTvnis aR-
xelSeuxeblobas, uzrunvelyofs kanonierebis da gadasa- masrulebel xelisuflebas, romelsac gadacemaze
cemi piris uflebaTa xelSeuxeblobas, Tumca aRniSnulis sasamarTlos nebarTvis miuxedavad SeuZlia uari Tqvas
paralelurad calkeul SemTxvevebSi tovebs damnaSavis gadacemaze.
mier sisxlis samarTlis pasuxismgeblobisagan Tavis daR- saqarTvelos sisxlis samarTlis saproceso kodeqsis
wevis SesaZleblobas. 44.46 muxli saerTaSoriso samarTlebrivi TanamSromlo-
anglo-amerikuli
anglo- amerikuli midgomis amocanaa sasjelis gardu- bis miznebisTvis ansxvavebs pirTa gadacemasTan dakavSire-
valobis uzrunvelyofa Tundac, calkeul SemTxvevebSi, biul or instituts:
saerTaSoriso xelSekrulebebis da SeTanxmebebis, erovnu- 1. piris gadacema _ saxelmwifos mier piris gadacema saer-
li kanonebis debulebaTa `liberaluri ganmartebis~ gziT. TaSoriso sisxlis samarTlis sasamarTlosaTvis
Sesabamisad aq ar aris aRiarebuli z/a principebis xel- 2. piris eqstradicia _ erTi saxelmwifos mier meore
Seuxebloba. inglisur-amerikuli midgoma amcirebs zogadi saxelmwifosaTvis piris gadacema saerTaSoriso
principebis mniSvnelobas da sasamarTlos uflebas aZlevs xelSekrulebis an erovnuli kanonmdeblobis Sesabam-
dam