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9/18/2019 Mooring lines

Wärtsilä Encyclopedia of Marine Technology

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N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Mooring lines
Lines (or cables) used to secure a ship at a berth. Mooring lines should be arranged as symmetrically as
possible about the midship point of the ship.

- Breast lines  – Mooring lines leading ashore as perpendicular as possible to the ship fore and aft line.
Breast lines restrain the ship in one direction (o the berth).

Note: Due to collision with shore gantry cranes, breast lines are not used in container terminals.

- Head lines  – Mooring lines leading ashore from the fore end or forecastle of a ship, often at an angle of
about 45 degrees to the fore and aft line. Download PDF

- Spring lines  – Mooring lines leading in a nearly fore and aft direction, the purpose of which is to prevent
longitudinal movement (surge) of the ship while in berth. Spring lines restrain the ship in two directions:
headsprings prevent forward motion and backsprings aft motion.

- Stern lines  – Mooring lines leading ashore from the after end or poop of a ship, often at an angle of about
45 degrees to the fore and aft line.

Further reading: Loss Prevention Report “Understanding mooring accidents” it can be freely downloaded
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9/18/2019 Mooring lines
Further reading: Loss Prevention Report Understanding mooring accidents , it can be freely downloaded
from www.ukpandi.com

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