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𝜕𝑦 𝑑𝑦

𝐸𝑥𝑖𝑠𝑡𝑒𝑛𝑐𝑖𝑎 𝑑𝑒 ú𝑛𝑖𝑐𝑎 𝑠𝑜𝑙𝑢𝑐𝑖ó𝑛: 𝑠𝑖 𝑓 (𝑥, 𝑦) 𝑦 𝑠𝑜𝑛 𝑐𝑜𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑛𝑢𝑎𝑠 𝑒𝑛 𝑅. 𝐷𝑒 𝑙𝑎 𝑓𝑜𝑟𝑚𝑎


𝜕𝑥 𝑑𝑥
= 𝑓 (𝑥, 𝑦)

𝐸𝑐𝑢𝑎𝑐𝑖ó𝑛 𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑎𝑙: 𝑒𝑠𝑡á𝑛𝑑𝑎𝑟, 𝑝(𝑥), 𝑓𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑜𝑟 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑒: 𝑒 ∫ 𝑝(𝑥)𝑑𝑥 , 𝑚𝑢𝑙𝑡𝑖𝑝𝑙𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑟 𝑙𝑎 𝑒𝑠𝑡á𝑛𝑑𝑎𝑟 𝑝𝑜𝑟 𝑓𝑎𝑐
𝑑𝑦 ∫ 𝑃(𝑥)𝑑𝑥
[𝑒 𝑦] = 𝑒 ∫ 𝑃(𝑥)𝑑𝑥 𝑓(𝑥)
𝑑𝑥
𝑑 ∫ 𝑃(𝑥)𝑑𝑥 ∫ 𝑃(𝑥)𝑑𝑥 𝑓 (𝑥 ), 𝑖𝑛𝑡𝑒𝑔𝑟𝑎𝑛𝑑𝑜 𝑎 𝑎𝑚𝑏𝑜𝑠 𝑙𝑎𝑑𝑜𝑠, 𝑙𝑢𝑒𝑔𝑜 𝑟𝑒𝑠𝑜𝑙𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑝𝑎𝑟𝑎 𝑦
[𝑒 𝑦]𝑑𝑥 = ∫ 𝑒
∫ 𝑑𝑥

𝐸𝑐𝑢𝑎𝑐𝑖ó𝑛 𝑒𝑥𝑎𝑐𝑡𝑎: 𝐼𝑑𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑖𝑓𝑖𝑐𝑎𝑟 𝑀(𝑥, 𝑦) 𝑦 𝑁(𝑥, 𝑦)


𝜕𝑀 𝜕𝑁
=
𝜕𝑦 𝜕𝑥
𝑓 (𝑥, 𝑦) = ∫ 𝑀(𝑥, 𝑦)𝑑𝑥 + 𝑔(𝑦)
𝜕𝑓 (𝑥, 𝑦)
= 𝑁(𝑥, 𝑦)
𝜕𝑦
𝑆𝑒 𝑑𝑒𝑠𝑝𝑒𝑗𝑎 𝑔′ (𝑦), 𝑙𝑢𝑒𝑔𝑜 𝑟𝑒𝑒𝑚𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑧𝑎𝑟 𝑒𝑛 𝑓 (𝑥, 𝑦)
𝑆𝑢𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑡𝑢𝑐𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑒𝑠: 𝑦 = 𝑢𝑥, 𝑑𝑦 = 𝑢𝑑𝑥 + 𝑥𝑑𝑢; 𝑥 = 𝑣𝑦
𝐸𝑐𝑢𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑒𝑠 ℎ𝑜𝑚𝑜𝑔é𝑛𝑒𝑎𝑠:
𝑑𝑦
= 𝑓 (𝑥, 𝑦) → 𝑓(𝜇𝑥, 𝜇𝑦) = 𝜇0 𝑓 (𝑥, 𝑦)
𝑑𝑥
𝑑𝑦 𝑑𝑢
1) =𝑢+𝑥∗
𝑑𝑥 𝑑𝑥
𝑅𝑒𝑒𝑚𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑧𝑎𝑟 𝑢 𝑒𝑛 𝑓 (𝑥, 𝑦), 𝑖𝑔𝑢𝑎𝑙𝑎𝑟 𝑐𝑜𝑛 1
𝐶𝑟𝑒𝑐𝑖𝑚𝑖𝑒𝑛𝑡𝑜 𝑝𝑜𝑏𝑙𝑎𝑐𝑖𝑜𝑛𝑎𝑙: 𝑥 (𝑡 ) = 𝐶𝑒 𝑘𝑡
𝑥
𝐸𝑐𝑢𝑎𝑐𝑖ó𝑛 𝑙𝑜𝑔í𝑠𝑡𝑖𝑐𝑎: = 𝐶𝑒 𝑀𝑘𝑡
𝑀−𝑥
𝑚𝑎 = ∑ 𝐹 = 𝑓 (𝑡 ) − 0 − 𝐵𝑣 (𝑡 )
𝑚𝑎 = 𝑓 (𝑡 ) − 𝐵𝑣 (𝑡 )
𝑑𝑣
𝑎=
𝑑𝑡
𝑑𝑣
𝑚∗ = 𝑓 (𝑡 ) − 𝐵𝑣 (𝑡 )
𝑑𝑡
𝑑𝑣
+ 1𝑣 (𝑡 ) = cos(𝑡 ) → 𝑃𝑢𝑒𝑑𝑒 𝑟𝑒𝑒𝑚𝑝𝑙𝑎𝑧𝑎𝑟𝑠𝑒 𝑓𝑢𝑛𝑐𝑖ó𝑛 𝑜𝑠𝑐𝑖𝑙𝑎𝑛𝑡𝑒
𝑑𝑡
𝑅𝑒𝑠𝑜𝑙𝑣𝑒𝑟 𝑐𝑜𝑚𝑜 𝑙𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑎𝑙
𝑉𝑒 𝑡 = ∫ 𝑒 𝑡 cos(𝑡 ) 𝑑𝑡