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X= 1500

1.1 Con Q=X/10 (l/s) calcular el diametro de la tuberia. Incluir perdidas de carga por accesorios y calcular coeficientes de perdidas menores (m).
Instalar VRP y calcular la presion tal que:
�_𝐶/𝛾≥2 (𝑚.𝑐.𝑎.) 𝑦 �_𝐶/𝛾≤10 Q= 150 (l/s)
(𝑚.𝑐.𝑎.) C= 150
ASIGNACION DE COTAS PIEZOMETRICAS
Cota del agua en el Tanque T1 HT1 = 1596
Cota piezometrica (adoptada) en A 0.3 Hc= 1595.3
Cota piezometrica (adoptada) en C 2 HT2 = 1592

CALCULO DE DIAMETROS (con las cotas piezometricas asgnadas) 741021


TRAMO T1-A
perdida de carga entre T1-A hf= 0.7 (m)
caudal del tramo Q= 0.15 (m3/s)
longitud del tramo Lr= 2460 (m)
longitud de calculo Adoptado Lc= 1.15 *Lr Lc= 2829 (m)
D= 0.6468 (m) 0.628515
Dcom= 0.650 (m) 0.650
TRAMO T1-A
Accesorios del tramo Cant. β D le
Ingreso Tanque-tuberia 1 36 0.650 23.4
Valvula de globo abierta 1 360 0.650 234
Codos de 45° 8 15 0.650 78
Codos de 90° 5 27 0.650 87.75
Uniones rugosas 7 15 0.650 68.25
Lr= 2460
Lc= 2951.4 (m)
hf= 0.713019 (m)
P/Υ= 0.286981 (m.c.a.)
TRAMO A-B
Accesorios del tramo Cant. β D le
Codos de 45° 3 15 0.450 20.25
Codos de 90° 4 27 0.450 48.6
Uniones rugosas 4 15 0.450 27
Lr= 840
Lc= 935.85 (m)
hf= 1.355259 (m)
P/Υ= 23.93172 (m.c.a.)
TRAMO B-C
Accesorios del tramo Cant. β D le
T de paso directo 1 22 0.450 9.9
Valvula de compuerta abierta 1 38 0.450 17.1
Codos de 45° 6 15 0.450 40.5
Uniones rugosas 4 15 0.450 27
Lr= 910
Lc= 1004.5 (m)
hf= 1.454675 (m)
P/Υ= 2.477048 (m.c.a.)
TRAMO C-T2
Accesorios del tramo Cant. β D le
Codos de 45° 5 15 0.450 33.75
Codos de 90° 3 27 0.450 36.45
Uniones rugosas 3 15 0.450 20.25 90.45
T de paso directo 1 22 0.450 9.9
Valvula de globo abierta 1 360 0.450 162
Codos de 90° 2 27 0.450 24.3
Uniones rugosas 6 15 0.450 40.5
Tuberia a Tanque 1 15 0.450 6.75 243.45
Lr= 3280
Lc= 3613.9 (m)
hf= 5.233498 (m)
P/Υ= 67.24355 (m.c.a.)

Puesto que la condición es que la presion de llegada sea menor o igual a 10 m.c.a. instalamos una VRP en el tramo C-T2

TRAMO L (m) Q (l/s) D cal (m) Dcom (m) V (m/s) C Zi Zj h ij VRP Pj/Υ P en:
C-VRP 3200 150 0.4370 0.450 1.06029 150 1590 1522 4.765091 - 63.23491 VRP
VRP-T2 80 150 0.4370 0.450 1.06029 150 1522 1520 0.468407 55 9.766502 T2
5.233498
1.2 Calcular el tiempo de llenado del tanque T2

dimensiones del tanque


D= 23 (m) Vol= 4154.766 (m3)
H= 10 (m) t= 27698.44 (seg) = 7.694011 (hrs)

2. DISEÑE LA RED Y CALCULE PRESIONES EN CADA NODO TAL QUE:

NODO ▼Tub
T1 2815 NODO N° HAB N° HAB
T2 2820 A 24.0 24
A 2795 B 37.5 38
B 2800 C 36.0 36
C 2760 D 42.0 42
D 2793 E 22.5 23
E 2788 F 33.0 33
F 2758 G 18.0 18
G 2795 H 30.0 30 �=𝑉𝑜𝑙/𝑡 → 𝑡=𝑉𝑜𝑙/�
H 2789 I 24.0 24
I 2749

Ubicación de pilas o grifos (una pila por c/25 usuarios)

Nodo Habitantes Pilas N° de Pilas


A 24 0.96 1 5≤�/𝛾≤30 (𝑚.𝑐.𝑎.)
B 38 1.52 2
C 36 1.44 2
D 42 1.68 2
E 23 0.92 1
F 33 1.32 2
G 18 0.72 1
H 30 1.2 1
I 24 0.96 1
∑= 13

Cálculo de consumos promedios, con los siguientes datos

Dotacion media Dm= 80


Coeficiente de perdidas Cp= 1.3
N° horas de suministro (de 7:00 a 12:00) Nhr= 5 Hrs
Factor de uso Fu= 4.8
Eficiencia del sistema Ef= 0.8
Temperatura media del agua T= 15 °C

MÉTODO DE GRIFOS O PILETAS PUBLICAS

Donde:
Qp Caudal maximo probable en un grifo (Lt/seg)
Pp N° de habitantes por c/grifo (max. 25 habitantes)
Dm Dotacion media (Lt/hab/dia)
Cp Coeficiente de perdidas
Fu Factor de uso
Ef Eficiencia del sistema

Pilas Pp Dm Qm Cp Fu 1/Ef Qp Qdis


A 24 80 0.022222 1.3 4.8 1.25 0.173333 0.1 0.173333
B 38 80 0.035185 1.3 4.8 1.25 0.274444 0.2 0.274444
C 36 80 0.033333 1.3 4.8 1.25 0.26 0.2 0.26
D 42 80 0.038889 1.3 4.8 1.25 0.303333 0.2 0.303333
E 23 80 0.021296 1.3 4.8 1.25 0.166111 0.1 0.166111
F 33 80 0.030556 1.3 4.8 1.25 0.238333 0.2 0.238333
G 18 80 0.016667 1.3 4.8 1.25 0.13 0.1 0.13
H 30 80 0.027778 1.3 4.8 1.25 0.216667 0.1 0.216667
I 24 80 0.022222 1.3 4.8 1.25 0.173333 0.1 0.173333
268 1.935556
Cálculo de diametros y asignacion de diametros comerciales

Tramo Q (Lt/s) Q (m3/s) D (m) Dcom (m) Dcom (m) V (m/s) Dcomercial
T1-A 1.075822 0.00108 0.03701
�_𝑝=(�_(𝑝∗) 0.0381
𝐷_𝑚/86400)∗𝐶_�∗𝐹_𝑢1,5" 1/𝐸_𝑓
0.9436 3/4" 0.0191 0.01905
A-B 0.534444≥0,10 (𝐿𝑡⁄𝑠𝑒𝑔)
0.00053 0.026086 0.0318 1,25" 0.6729 1" 0.0254 0.02540
B-C 0.26 0.00026 0.018195 0.0191 3/4" 0.9074 1,25" 0.0318 0.03175
A-D 0.368044 0.00037 0.021647 0.0254 1" 0.7263 1,5" 0.0381 0.03810
1.935556 D-E 0.404444 0.00040 0.022693 0.0254 1" 0.7982 2" 0.0508 0.05080
E-F 0.238333 0.00024 0.01742 0.0191 3/4" 0.8318 2,25" 0.0572 0.05715
G-D 0.339733 0.00034 0.020798 0.0254 1" 0.6705 2,5" 0.0635 0.06350
G-H 0.39 0.00039 0.022284 0.0254 1" 0.7697 3" 0.0762 0.07620
H-I 0.173333 0.00017 0.014856 0.0191 3/4" 0.6050 3,5" 0.0889
T2-G 0.859733 0.00086 0.033085 0.0381 1,5" 0.7541

Cálculo de presiones

Para: T=10 °C Viscosidad ν= 0.000001141


Rugosidad ε= 0.0000015 m= 1.08
g= 9.81

Tramo Q (m3/s) D (m) V (m/s) L (m) Re f Pi/Υ Zi Zj h ij Pj/Υ P en:


T1-A 0.00108 0.0381 0.9436 350 31509.32 0.023226 0 2815.0 2795.0 10.4580 9.54 A
A-B 0.00053 0.0318 0.6729 580 18754.22 0.02635 9.542 2795.0 2800.0 11.9792 -7.44 B
B-C 0.00026 0.0191 0.9074 600 15190.2 0.027865 -7.437 2800.0 2760.0 39.6764 -7.11 C
A-D 0.00037 0.0254 0.7263 520 16169.25 0.027382 9.542 2795.0 2793.0 16.2798 -4.74 D
D-E 0.00040 0.0254 0.7982 560 17768.41 0.026738 -4.738 2793.0 2788.0 20.6729 -20.41 E
E-F 0.00024 0.0191 0.8318 620 13924.35 0.028495 -20.411 2788.0 2758.0 35.2300 -25.64 F
G-D 0.00034
𝐷_𝑐𝑎𝑙=√(
0.0254
〖 4∗�480
0.6705 14925.47 0.027949
𝑉= 〖 4∗� 17.353
〗 _𝐷𝑖 2795.0 2793.0 13.0694 6.28 D
G-H 0.00039 〗 _𝐷𝑖𝑠/(𝜋∗𝑉))
0.0254 0.7697 600 17133.83 0.026983 )17.353
𝑠/(𝜋∗𝐷^2 2795.0 2789.0 20.7850 2.57 H
H-I 0.00017 0.0191 0.6050 540 10126.8 0.031004 2.568 2789.0 2749.0 17.6586 24.91 I
T2-G 0.00086 0.0381 0.7541 380 25180.38 0.024494 0.000 2820.0 2795.0 7.6470 17.35 G

OPCION 1
Tramo Q (m3/s) D (m) V (m/s) L (m) Re f Pi/Υ Zi Zj h ij Pj/Υ P en:
T1-A 0.001076 0.0508 0.5308 350 23631.99 0.024846 0 2815.0 2795.0 2.655 17.35 A
A-B 0.000534 0.0381 0.4688 580 15653.12 0.027567 17.345 2795.0 2800.0 5.0761 7.27 B
B-C 0.00026 0.0191 0.9074 600 15190.2 0.027865 7.269 2800.0 2760.0 39.6764 7.59 C
A-D 0.000368 0.0318 0.4634 520 12915.07 0.028996 17.345 2795.0 2793.0 5.6047 13.74 D
D-E 0.000404 0.0318 0.5092 560 14192.38 0.02829 13.740 2793.0 2788.0 7.1112 11.63 E
E-F 0.000238 0.0191 0.8318 620 13924.35 0.028495 11.629 2788.0 2758.0 35.2300 6.40 F
G-D 0.00034 0.0318 0.4278 480 11921.6 0.029618 17.353 2795.0 2793.0 4.5027 14.85 D
G-H 0.00039 0.0318 0.4910 600 13685.51 0.028559 17.353 2795.0 2789.0 7.1521 16.20 H
H-VRP1 0.000173 0.0191 0.6050 540 10126.8 0.031004 16.201 2789.0 2751 17.6586 36.54
VRP1-I 36.542 2749.0 2749.0 15 21.54 I
T2-G 0.00086 0.0381 0.7541 380 25180.38 0.024494 0.000 2820.0 2795.0 7.6470 17.35 G

OPCION 2
Tramo Q (m3/s) D (m) V (m/s) L (m) Re f Pi/Υ Zi Zj h ij Pj/Υ P en:
T1-A 0.001076
𝑅𝑒=(𝑉∗𝐷)/� 0.0508 0.5308 350(𝜀/(3,71∗𝐷)
𝑓=0,25/[log 23631.99 0.024846 0 2815.0 2795.0
ℎ𝑓=𝑓∗(𝐿∗𝑉^2)/ 2.655 17.35 A
A-B 0.000534 0.0381 0.4688 580^0,9 15653.12
+5,74/ 〖𝑅𝑒〗 ) ]^2 0.027567 17.345 2795.0
(𝐷∗2∗𝑔) 2800.0 5.0761 ℎ_𝑖𝑗=ℎ_𝑓+∑ℎ_𝐿
7.27 B
B-C 0.00026 0.0191 0.9074 600 15190.2 0.027865 7.269 2800.0 2760.0 39.6764 7.59 C
A-VRP1 0.000368 0.0318 0.4634 520 12915.07 0.028996 17.345 2795.0 2793.2 5.6047 13.54
�_2/𝛾=�_1/𝛾
〖 (𝑍_1−𝑍_2 )−ℎ 〗 _𝑓
VRP1-D 13.540 2793.2 2793.0 7.46 �_2/𝛾=�_1/𝛾
6.28 D
〖 (𝑍_1−𝑍_2 )−ℎ 〗 _𝑓
D-E 0.000404 0.0381 0.3547 560 11845.61 0.029653 6.284 2793.0 2788.0 3.0192 8.26 E
E-F 0.000238 0.0254 0.4704 620 10470.67 0.03069 8.264 2788.0 2758.0 9.1230 29.14 F
G-D 0.00034 0.0254 0.6705 480 14925.47 0.027949 17.353 2795.0 2793.0 13.0694 6.28 D
G-H 0.00039 0.0318 0.4910 600 13685.51 0.028559 17.353 2795.0 2789.0 7.1521 16.20 H
H-VRP2 0.000173 0.0191 0.6050 540 10126.8 0.031004 16.201 2789.0 2751 17.6586 36.54
VRP2-I 36.542 2751.0 2749.0 20 18.54 I
T2-G 0.00086 0.0381 0.7541 380 25180.38 0.024494 0.000 2820.0 2795.0 7.6470 17.35 G
TRAMO Q D Dcom V L hf
T1-A 0.15 0.437019 0.450 0.943138 2460 3.56246843
A-B 0.15 0.437019 0.450 0.943138 840 1.21645264
B-C 0.15 0.437019 0.450 0.943138 910 1.31782369
C-T2 0.15 0.437019 0.450 0.943138 3280 4.74995791

NODO COTA P/Υ=


T1 1596
A 1595 -2.562468
B 1570 21.22108
C 1590 -0.096745
T2 1520 65.1533

Nota: los calculos realizados en el recuadro de arriba, son con los datos proporcionados en el examen.
Pero se obserba que tanto en el nodo A y C, se tienen presiones negativas, eso se debe a que el
terreno en el tramo T1-A es casi plano, y la perdida de carga es mayor a la diferencia de cotas entre
T1 y A. Por lo que debemos modificar el diametro para dismunuir la perdida de carga.
13.74048

𝑖𝑗=ℎ_𝑓+∑ℎ_𝐿

�_2/𝛾=�_1/𝛾
〖 (𝑍_1−𝑍_2 )−ℎ 〗 _𝑓
�_2/𝛾=�_1/𝛾
〖 (𝑍_1−𝑍_2 )−ℎ 〗 _𝑓
6.283572
PROYECCION DE LA POBLACION Y CALCULO DEL CAUDAL X= 1 0
TRAMO
Po= 134790 (hab) Do= 120 (lt/hab-dia) 1
i% = 1.75% d% = 0.40% 2
3
POBLACIÓN 4
N AÑO FUTURA DOTACION CAUDAL 5
GEOMETRICO 6
0 2012 134790 120.000 187.208 0.0492098 7
1 2013 137148 120.480 191.245 0.0202554 8
2 2014 139548 120.962 195.370 0.0040554 9
3 2015 141991 121.446 199.586 0.0117094
4 2016 144475 121.932 203.890 0.0059949
5 2017 147004 122.419 208.288 0.0407902 ESTIMACION DE LAS PR
6 2018 149576 122.909 212.780 0.0094446
7 2019 152194 123.401 217.371 0.0085406
8 2020 154857 123.894 222.059 0.0129051
9 2021 157567 124.390 226.849
10 2022 160325 124.887 231.743
11 2023 163130 125.387 236.740
12 2024 165985 125.888 241.847
13 2025 168890 126.392 247.064
14 2026 171846 126.898 252.394
15 2027 174853 127.405 257.838
16 2028 177913 127.915 263.399
17 2029 181026 128.426 269.080
18 2030 184194 128.940 274.884
19 2031 187418 129.456 280.814
20 2032 190697 129.974 286.870
21 2033 194035 130.494 293.059
22 2034 197430 131.016 299.380
23 2035 200885 131.540 305.837
24 2036 204401 132.066 312.435
25 2037 207978 132.594 319.174
∑= 6250.00
prom= 250.000 lt/seg 249.99989471
Qm = 250

QR1= 40% Qm SAP = 100 (lt/seg)


QR2= 24% Qm SAP = 60 (lt/seg)
QR3= 36% Qm SAP = 90 (lt/seg) K4=
Kvrp=
Cotas Nodos
T3 2350 A 0.125 *QR3 = 11.25
T4 2340 B 0.180 *QR3 = 16.20 K5=
A 2300 C 0.150 *QR3 = 13.50 Kvrp=
B 2295 D 0.110 *QR3 = 9.90
C 2290 E 0.225 *QR3 = 20.25
D 2293 F 0.210 *QR3 = 18.90 K7=
E 2297 Kvrp=
F 2296 90
ITERACION N°
2730
T3
2350

Tramo
KT
ΔH
ΔH
Qij
∂Qij/∂Hij

CALCULO DE FUNCIONES (CAUDA


Tramo
F1 =
F2 =
F3 =
F4 =
F5 =
F6 =

ELEMENTOS DE LA MATRIZ (L
Tramo
∂F1 =
∂F2 =
∂F3 =
∂F4 =
∂F5 =
∂F6 =

SISTEMA MATRICIAL

A
B
C
D
E
F

INVERSION DE LA MATRIZ
A
B
C
D
E
F

CORRECCION DE ALTURAS DE PR
ITERACION N°
2730
T3
2350

Tramo
KT
ΔH
ΔH
Qij
∂Qij/∂Hij

CALCULO DE FUNCIONES (CAUDA


Tramo
F1 =
F2 =
F3 =
F4 =
F5 =
F6 =

ELEMENTOS DE LA MATRIZ (L
Tramo
∂F1 =
∂F2 =
∂F3 =
∂F4 =
∂F5 =
∂F6 =

SISTEMA MATRICIAL

A
B
C
D
E
F

INVERSION DE LA MATRIZ
A
B
C
D
E
F

CORRECCION DE ALTURAS DE PR
Tramo
Long (m) Q (Lt/seg) D cal D com V (m/seg) C K hf (m) vrp K vrp K total Nodo A
900 60.000 0.2764 0.300 0.848824 150 315.1388 1.7204 315.13878 Nodo B
1000 23.469 0.1729 0.175 0.975735 150 4833.309 4.6388 4833.3089 Nodo C
1050 7.269 0.0962 0.100 0.925545 150 77451.38 8.4821 3.904 35647.49 113098.87 Nodo D
740 15.139 0.1388 0.150 0.856707 150 7577.172 3.2290 11.192 26262.86 33840.036 Nodo E
1100 10.141 0.1136 0.125 0.826399 150 27370.38 5.5537 9.662 47619.67 74990.048 Nodo F
860 30.000 0.1954 0.200 0.954927 150 2169.313 3.2806 2169.313 Anillo I
900 6.231 0.0891 0.100 0.793324 150 66386.9 5.4648 66386.895 Anillo II
680 5.111 0.0807 0.100 0.650712 150 50158.99 2.8606 50158.987 Anillo III
950 8.759 0.1056 0.125 0.713708 150 23638.05 3.6559 23638.052
90.000 Tramo
Nodo A
ESTIMACION DE LAS PRESIONES EN LOS NODOS C, E, F PARA INSTALACION DE VRP Nodo B
Nodo C
T3
Nodo D
T4
Nodo E
Nodo F
Anillo I
2300 Anillo II
A 2293
2295 D Anillo III
B
2290 C

Tramo
T3 Q (Lt/s)
T4 D cal
D com
V (m/s)
2297 Long(m)
2300
A
E 2293 C
D
K
KiQin-1
T3

T4 ITERACION N°

Tramo
2300 2296 Nodo A
A
F 2293 Nodo B
D
Nodo C
Nodo D
Nodo E
T3 2350 Nodo F
7577.1718 → hf4= 3.2290 A 2348.280 Anillo I
x → vrp= 11.1918 B 2343.641 Anillo II
x= 26262.864 C 2335.159 3.904 Δh C Anillo III
E 2345.051 11.192 Δh E
27370.376 → hf4= 5.5537 F 2342.726 9.662 Δh F
x → vrp= 9.6624 T4 2340
x= 47619.672 D 2336.719
C 2331.255
77451.378 → hf4= 8.4821 E 2333.859
x → vrp= 3.9040 F 2333.064
x= 35647.488
ITERACION N° 1 Tramo
38.897 Q (Lt/s)
HA HB HC HD HE HF T4 K
2348.28 2343.64 2331.25 2336.72 2333.86 2333.06 2340 KiQin-1
KiQin
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
315.13878 4833.3089 113098.87 33840.036 74990.048 2169.313 66386.895 50158.987 23638.052 Anillo I
T3-A A-B B-C A-E A-F T4-D D-C D-E D-F Anillo II
1.720 4.639 12.386 14.421 15.216 3.281 5.465 2.861 3.656 Anillo III
0.06 0.0234692 0.0072692 0.0151393 0.0101415 0.03 0.0062308 0.0051107 0.0087585
0.018831 0.0027318 0.0003169 0.0005669 0.0003599 0.0049378 0.0006156 0.0009647 0.0012936
CALCULO DE COTAS PIEZOME
CALCULO DE FUNCIONES (CAUDALES DESCOMPENSADOS)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn ∑Fn
0.06 -0.0234692 -0.0151393 -0.0101415 -0.01125 = 3.36536E-15
0.0234692 -0.0072692 -0.0162 = 2.15106E-16
0.0072692 0.0062308 -0.0135 = -7.1124E-17
0.03 -0.0062308 -0.0051107 -0.0087585 -0.0099 = 2.11636E-16
0.0151393 0.0051107 -0.02025 = -1.2143E-16
0.0101415 0.0087585 -0.0189 = -2.3592E-16

ELEMENTOS DE LA MATRIZ (LINEALIZACION DE LAS ECUACIONES)


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ∑Fn
0.018831 0.0027318 0.0005669 0.0003599 = -0.0224895
0.0027318 0.0003169 = -0.0030487
0.0003169 0.0006156 = -0.00093253
0.0049378 0.0006156 0.0009647 0.0012936 = -0.00781167
0.0005669 0.0009647 = -0.00153155
0.0003599 0.0012936 = -0.00165347

SISTEMA MATRICIAL
A B C D E F Zi MF
-0.0224895 0.0027318 0 0 0.0005669 0.0003599 z1 3.3654E-15
0.0027318 -0.0030487 0.0003169 0 0 0 z2 2.1511E-16
0 0.0003169 -0.0009325 0.0006156 0 0 z3 -7.112E-17
0 0 0.0006156 -0.0078117 0.0009647 0.0012936 * z4 = 2.1164E-16
0.0005669 0 0 0.0009647 -0.0015315 0 z5 -1.214E-16
0.0003599 0 0 0.0012936 0 -0.0016535 z6 -2.359E-16

INVERSION DE LA MATRIZ
-51.167491 -48.053085 -21.20508 -7.3854173 -23.590222 -16.914661 3.3654E-15 -1.757E-13
-48.053085 -386.02435 -143.89545 -19.262725 -29.918733 -25.528996 2.1511E-16 -2.289E-13
-21.20508 -143.89545 -1201.5584 -121.65208 -84.474219 -99.78962 -7.112E-17 -8.802E-15
-7.3854173 -19.262725 -121.65208 -174.35568 -112.55595 -138.01432 * 2.1164E-16 = -1.102E-14
-23.590222 -29.918733 -84.474219 -112.55595 -732.56197 -93.192405 -1.214E-16 7.3035E-15
-16.914661 -25.528996 -99.78962 -138.01432 -93.192405 -716.44659 -2.359E-16 9.5815E-14

CORRECCION DE ALTURAS DE PRESION H1 z H2


A 2348.280 - -1.756E-13 = 2348.280
B 2343.641 - -2.289E-13 = 2343.641
C 2331.255 - -8.802E-15 = 2331.255
D 2336.719 - -1.102E-14 = 2336.719
E 2333.859 - 7.3035E-15 = 2333.859
F 2333.064 - 9.5815E-14 = 2333.064

ITERACION N° 2
38.897
HA HB HC HD HE HF T4
2348.28 2343.64 2331.25 2336.72 2333.86 2333.06 2340

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
315.13878 4833.3089 113098.87 33840.036 74990.048 2169.313 66386.895 50158.987 23638.052
T3-A A-B B-C A-E A-F T4-D D-C D-E D-F
1.720 4.639 12.386 14.421 15.216 3.281 5.465 2.861 3.656
0.06 0.0234692 0.0072692 0.0151393 0.0101415 0.03 0.0062308 0.0051107 0.0087585
0.018831 0.0027318 0.0003169 0.0005669 0.0003599 0.0049378 0.0006156 0.0009647 0.0012936

CALCULO DE FUNCIONES (CAUDALES DESCOMPENSADOS)


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn ∑Fn
0.06 -0.0234692 -0.0151393 -0.0101415 -0.01125 = 4.61436E-15
0.0234692 -0.0072692 -0.0162 = -1.1866E-15
0.0072692 0.0062308 -0.0135 = 7.71952E-17
0.03 -0.0062308 -0.0051107 -0.0087585 -0.0099 = 2.11636E-16
0.0151393 0.0051107 -0.02025 = -1.2143E-16
0.0101415 0.0087585 -0.0189 = -2.3592E-16

ELEMENTOS DE LA MATRIZ (LINEALIZACION DE LAS ECUACIONES)


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ∑Fn
0.018831 0.0027318 0.0005669 0.0003599 = -0.0224895
0.0027318 0.0003169 = -0.0030487
0.0003169 0.0006156 = -0.00093253
0.0049378 0.0006156 0.0009647 0.0012936 = -0.00781167
0.0005669 0.0009647 = -0.00153155
0.0003599 0.0012936 = -0.00165347

SISTEMA MATRICIAL
A B C D E F Zi MF
-0.0224895 0.0027318 0 0 0.0005669 0.0003599 z1 4.6144E-15
0.0027318 -0.0030487 0.0003169 0 0 0 z2 -1.187E-15
0 0.0003169 -0.0009325 0.0006156 0 0 z3 7.7195E-17
0 0 0.0006156 -0.0078117 0.0009647 0.0012936 * z4 = 2.1164E-16
0.0005669 0 0 0.0009647 -0.0015315 0 z5 -1.214E-16
0.0003599 0 0 0.0012936 0 -0.0016535 z6 -2.359E-16

INVERSION DE LA MATRIZ
-51.167491 -48.053085 -21.20508 -7.3854173 -23.590222 -16.914661 4.6144E-15 -1.754E-13
-48.053085 -386.02435 -143.89545 -19.262725 -29.918733 -25.528996 -1.187E-15 2.3077E-13
-21.20508 -143.89545 -1201.5584 -121.65208 -84.474219 -99.78962 7.7195E-17 -1.181E-14
-7.3854173 -19.262725 -121.65208 -174.35568 -112.55595 -138.01432 * 2.1164E-16 = -1.129E-14
-23.590222 -29.918733 -84.474219 -112.55595 -732.56197 -93.192405 -1.214E-16 7.2459E-15
-16.914661 -25.528996 -99.78962 -138.01432 -93.192405 -716.44659 -2.359E-16 9.5671E-14

CORRECCION DE ALTURAS DE PRESION H1 z H2


A 2348.280 - -1.753E-13 = 2348.280
B 2343.641 - 2.3077E-13 = 2343.641
C 2331.255 - -1.181E-14 = 2331.255
D 2336.719 - -1.129E-14 = 2336.719
E 2333.859 - 7.2459E-15 = 2333.859
F 2333.064 - 9.5671E-14 = 2333.064

5.- Cálculo de presiones corregidas

Nodo Cota piez. Cota terr. Presión


T3 2350 - -
A 2348.280 2300 48.280
B 2343.641 2295 48.641
C 2331.255 2290 41.255
D 2336.719 2293 43.719
E 2333.859 2297 36.8588
F 2333.064 2296 37.064
T4 2340 - -
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn
+ - - - qA
+ - qB
+ + qC
+ - - - qD
+ + qE
+ + qF
+ + - - + 0
+ - - + 0
+ + - - - Dif ▼

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn
Q1 - Q2 - Q4 - Q5 qA
Q2 - Q3 qB
Q3 Q7 qC
Q6 - Q7 - Q8 - Q9 qD
Q4 Q8 qE
Q5 Q9 qF
K2Q2n-1 K3Q3n-1 - K4Q4n-1 - K7Q7n-1 K8Q8n-1 0
K4Q4n-1
- K5Q5n-1
- K8Q8n-1 K9Q9n-1 0
K1Q1n-1 K5Q5n-1 - K6Q6n-1 - K9Q9n-1 - Dif ▼

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
60.000 23.469 7.269 15.139 10.141 30.000 6.231 5.111 8.759
0.2764 0.1729 0.0962 0.1388 0.1136 0.1954 0.0891 0.0807 0.1056
0.300 0.175 0.100 0.150 0.125 0.200 0.100 0.100 0.125
0.848824 0.975735 0.925545 0.856707 0.826399 0.954927 0.793324 0.650712 0.713708
900 1000 1050 740 1100 860 900 680 950
150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150
315.14 4833.31 113098.9 33840.04 74990.05 2169.31 66386.90 50158.99 23638.05
28.674 197.656 1703.909 952.535 1500.380 109.353 877.065 559.724 417.410

ITERACION N° 1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn
1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 qA 0.01125
0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 qB 0.0162
0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 qC 0.0135
0 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1 * qD = 0.0099
0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 qE 0.02025
0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 qF 0.0189
0 197.6558 1703.909 -952.5353 0 0 -877.0652 559.7236 0 0 0
0 0 0 952.5353 -1500.38 0 0 -559.7236 417.4105 0 0
28.6739 0 0 0 1500.38 -109.3527 0 0 -417.4105 10 10

0.963533 0.904885 0.399312 0.139074 0.444226 0.318519 0.000297 0.000842 0.001272 0.01125 0.06
-0.008508 0.923271 0.335166 0.032446 0.017288 0.023533 0.000345 0.000318 0.000297 0.0162 0.023469
-0.008508 -0.076729 0.335166 0.032446 0.017288 0.023533 0.000345 0.000318 0.000297 0.0135 0.007269
-0.015633 -0.01028 0.035865 0.059617 0.40189 0.043239 -2.71E-05 0.000584 0.000545 0.0099 0.015139
-0.012327 -0.008106 0.028281 0.047011 0.025048 0.251748 -2.14E-05 -6.06E-05 0.00043 0.02025 0.010141
0.036467 0.095115 0.600688 0.860926 0.555774 0.681481 -0.000297 -0.000842 -0.001272 0.0189 0.03
0.008508 0.076729 0.664834 -0.032446 -0.017288 -0.023533 -0.000345 -0.000318 -0.000297 0 0.006231
0.015633 0.01028 -0.035865 -0.059617 0.59811 -0.043239 2.708E-05 -0.000584 -0.000545 0 0.005111
0.012327 0.008106 -0.028281 -0.047011 -0.025048 0.748252 2.135E-05 6.059E-05 -0.00043 10 0.008759

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
0.06 0.023469 0.007269 0.015139 0.010141 0.03 0.006231 0.005111 0.008759
315.14 4833.31 113098.9 33840.04 74990.05 2169.31 66386.90 50158.99 23638.05
28.6739 197.6558 1703.909 952.5353 1500.38 109.3527 877.0652 559.7236 417.4105
1.720434 4.63883 12.38611 14.42072 15.21605 3.280581 5.464791 2.860576 3.655905

0 4.6388 12.3861 -14.4207 0 0 -5.4648 2.8606 0 = 0.0000


0 0 0 14.4207 -15.2161 0 0 -2.8606 3.6559 = 0.0000
1.7204 0 0 0 15.2161 -3.2806 0 0 -3.6559 = 10.0000

CALCULO DE COTAS PIEZOMETRICAS Y PRESIONES EN LOS NODOS

Nodos H piezométricas Cotas Tubería


hf Presión
Tramo Atrás Adelante Atrás Adelante Atrás Adelante
1 T3 A 1.720 2350.0 2348.3 2350 2300 48.280
2 A B 4.639 2348.3 2343.6 2300 2295 48.641
3 B C 12.386 2343.6 2331.3 2295 2290 41.255
4 A E 14.421 2348.3 2333.9 2300 2297 36.859
5 A F 15.216 2348.3 2333.1 2300 2296 37.064 0.000
6 T4 D 3.281 2340.0 2336.7 2340 2293 43.719 0.000
7 D C 5.465 2336.7 2331.3 2293 2290 41.255 0.000
8 D E 2.861 2336.7 2333.9 2293 2297 36.859
9 D F 3.656 2336.7 2333.1 2293 2296 37.064
Nodo Terr.
T3 2350
T4 2340
A 2300
B 2295
C 2290
D 2293
E 2297
F 2296
PROYECCION DE LA POBLACION Y CALCULO DEL CAUDAL X= 1

218650
Po= 218650 (hab) Do= 100 (lt/hab-dia)
i% = 2.25% d% = 0.50%

POBLACIÓN
N AÑO FUTURA DOTACION CAUDAL
GEOMETRICO

0 2017 218650 100.000 253.067 0.04921


1 2018 223569 100.500 260.054 0.02026
2 2019 228599 101.003 267.235 0.00406
3 2020 233743 101.508 274.614 0.01171
4 2021 239002 102.015 282.197 0.00599
5 2022 244380 102.525 289.989 0.04079
6 2023 249878 103.038 297.996 0.00944
7 2024 255501 103.553 306.225 0.00854
8 2025 261249 104.071 314.680 0.01291
9 2026 267127 104.591 323.369
10 2027 273138 105.114 332.299
11 2028 279283 105.640 341.474
12 2029 285567 106.168 350.903
13 2030 291993 106.699 360.593
14 2031 298562 107.232 370.549
15 2032 305280 107.768 380.781
16 2033 312149 108.307 391.296
17 2034 319172 108.849 402.100
18 2035 326354 109.393 413.204
19 2036 333697 109.940 424.613
20 2037 341205 110.490 436.338
21 2038 348882 111.042 448.386
22 2039 356732 111.597 460.767
23 2040 364758 112.155 473.490
24 2041 372965 112.716 486.564
25 2042 381357 113.280 499.999
∑= 9189.72
prom= 367.589 lt/seg
Qm = 368 lt/seg

QR1= 40% Qm SAP = 147.2 (lt/seg)


QR2= 25% Qm SAP = 92 (lt/seg)
QR3= 35% Qm SAP = 128.8 (lt/seg)

Cotas Tramo Long


CB 2310 CB-A 1430
A 2370 A-B 860
B 2345 B-C 540
C 2300 C-D 480
D 2320 D-PT1 360
PT1 2330

1.- Diseñar la aduccion por bombeo (Laguna-CB-PT1)

2370

2360 A
2350

2340 PT1
B
2330

2320 CB
D
2310 C
2300 Laguna

Caudal de la laguna Qm(laguna)= 208.00 lt/seg


4
Caudal medio de cada bomba Qm(bomba)= 52 lt/seg

Numero de horas de bombeo N°hr b = 8 (Hr)

Caudal de bombeo de cada bomba Qb(bomba)= 156 lt/seg

DISEÑO DEL CARCAMO DE BOMBEO

Hf
e 2370
Qb= 156 l/s
Hm Hatm= 7.5 m
Hi
Li= 1430 Hvap= 0.17 m

C CSPNreq= 2.5 m
B 2310 Ƞ= 65%
Hs
Nb= 8 hrs
S
C= 150
Tuberia de Succión

Q (l/s) Qb (l/s) D cal (m) Dcom (m) V (m/s) ∑Le (m) Niple (m) Lc (m) Hs cal(m) Hs asum(m)
52.000 156.000 0.4457 0.450 0.9809 135.450 1.000 136.450 +Hs 4.61033212 4.500

Coef 1 Coef 2 Coef 3


�_𝑠<�_𝑎𝑡𝑚 −(𝐶𝑆�𝑁𝑟+ �_𝑣𝑎𝑝+ �_𝑓𝑠 )
0.001557 *Hs 0.212488 4.83

�_𝑓𝑠=10,665∗(�_𝑏/𝐶)^1,852∗(𝐿𝑐/𝐷
^4,87 ) hf s (m) 0.21949607

Tuberia de Impulsión

L (m) Q (l/s) Qb (l/s) K3 D cal (m) Dcom (m) V (m/s) Le (m) Lc hf i (m)
1430 52.000 156.000 1.3 0.390 0.400 1.2414 0.070 1530.10 4.229

POTENCIA DE LA BOMBA

�𝑜𝑡=(�_𝑚∗�_𝑏∗𝛾)/(76∗Ƞ)
[�𝑝] �_𝑚=�_𝑠+�_𝑖+�_𝑓+𝑒 [𝑚]
�𝑜𝑡=(�_𝑚∗�_𝑏∗𝛾)/(76∗Ƞ)
[�𝑝] �_𝑚=�_𝑠+�_𝑖+�_𝑓+𝑒 [𝑚]

hf s (m) hf i (m) Hf (m) Hs (m) Hi (m) e (m) Hm (m) Ƞ (%) Pot (Hp)
0.2195 4.2286 4.448 4.500 60.000 3.000 71.948 65% 227.20

SOBREPRESION POR GOLPE DE ARIETE Y SELECCIÓN DE LA CLASE DE TUBERIA

Q= 156 lt/seg Caudal de bombeo


Vo= 1.2414 m/seg Velocidad inicial
W= 1000 kg/m3 Peso especifico del fluido
g= 9.81 m/seg2 Aceleracion de la gravedad
K= 2E+08 kg/m2 Modulo de elasticidad del agua
E= 2.8E+08 kg/m2 Modulo de elasticidad de la tuberia (PVC)
d= 0.400 m Diamtro inicial

Velocidad de Propagacion de la Onda

Asumiendo una clase de tuberia inicial de Clase 15

𝑉_𝑤=1420/√(1+(𝐾∗𝑑)/ 𝑉_𝑤=1420/√(1+
(𝑒∗𝐸)) ((2∗ 〖 10 〗 ^8)∗0,4)/(∗(2∗
〖 10 〗 ^8)))

e= 27 mm
e= 0.027 m Vw= 417.25 m/seg

Sobrepresion por golpe de ariete

�=(𝑊∗𝑉_𝑊∗𝑉_𝑂)/𝑔 �=(1000∗417,25∗1,241)/9,8
1

ρ= 52800.9 kg/m2

ρ= 52.8009 m.c.a.

La tuberia de clase 15 soporta 150 m.c.a.


La presion admisible es del 80% ρadm= 120 m.c.a.

ρmax= 115.801 m.c.a.

Tc= 6.8544 seg La clase de tuberia seleccionada soporta la presion

2.- Con el Metodo del Gradiente Hidraulico y Newton-Raphson diseñar la red R3

Cotas Nodos
T4 2360 A 0.125 *QR3 = 16.100
T3 2340 B 0.180 *QR3 = 23.184
A 2300 C 0.150 *QR3 = 19.320
B 2295 D 0.110 *QR3 = 14.168
C 2290 E 0.225 *QR3 = 28.980
D 2293 F 0.210 *QR3 = 27.048
E 2297
F 2296 0
TRAMO Long (m) Q (Lt/seg) D cal D com V (m/seg) C K hf (m) vrp K vrp K total
1 940 68.800 0.2960 0.300 1.027413 150 329.1449 2.3153 329.14495
2 900 33.080 0.2052 0.225 1.201975 150 1279.244 2.3184 1279.2443
3 1050 9.896 0.1122 0.125 1.240133 150 26126.27 5.0657 16.352 84337.26 110463.53
4 740 5.107 0.0806 0.100 1.537941 150 54584.78 3.1086 19.476 341978.2 396562.96
5 1100 14.514 0.1359 0.150 1.217585 150 11263.36 4.4389 17.812 45196.46 56459.825
6 860 60.000 0.2764 0.300 1.1781 150 301.1326 1.6440 301.13261
7 1000 9.424 0.1095 0.125 1.30214 150 24882.16 4.4076 24882.16
8 680 23.873 0.1743 0.175 1.007527 150 3286.65 3.2557 3286.65
9 950 12.534 0.1263 0.150 1.409836 150 9727.45 2.9221 9727.4503
128.800

ESTIMACION DE LAS PRESIONES EN LOS NODOS C, E, F PARA INSTALACION DE VRP

T4
T3

2300
A 2293
2295 D
B
2290 C

T4

T3

2300 2297
A
E 2293
D

T4

T3

2300 2296
A
F 2293
D

T3 2360
K4= 54584.78 → hf4= 3.1086 A 2357.685
Kvrp= x → vrp= 19.4758 B 2355.366
x= 341978.18 C 2350.301 16.352 Δh C
E 2354.576 19.476 Δh E
K5= 11263.364 → hf4= 4.4389 F 2353.246 17.812 Δh F
Kvrp= x → vrp= 17.8119 T4 2340
x= 45196.461 D 2338.356
C 2333.948
K7= 26126.268 → hf4= 5.0657 E 2335.100
Kvrp= x → vrp= 16.3523 F 2335.434
x= 84337.264
ITERACION N° 1
2730 38.897
T4 HA HB HC HD HE HF T3
2360 2357.68 2355.37 2333.95 2338.36 2335.10 2335.43 2340

Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
KT 329.14495 1279.2443 110463.53 396562.96 56459.825 301.13261 24882.16 3286.65 9727.4503
ΔH T4-A A-B B-C A-E A-F T3-D D-C D-E D-F
ΔH 2.315 2.318 21.418 22.584 22.251 1.644 4.408 3.256 2.922
Qij 0.0688 0.0330796 0.0098956 0.0051068 0.0145136 0.06 0.0094244 0.0238732 0.0125344
∂Qij/∂Hij 0.0160452 0.0077044 0.0002495 0.0001221 0.0003522 0.0197068 0.0011545 0.0039594 0.0023162

CALCULO DE FUNCIONES (CAUDALES DESCOMPENSADOS)


Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn ∑Fn
F1 = 0.0688 -0.0330796 -0.0051068 -0.0145136 -0.0161 = 5.82867E-16
F2 = 0.0330796 -0.0098956 -0.023184 = -8.2573E-16
F3 = 0.0098956 0.0094244 -0.01932 = -1.9949E-16
F4 = 0.06 -0.0094244 -0.0238732 -0.0125344 -0.014168 = -3.7331E-15
F5 = 0.0051068 0.0238732 -0.02898 = 7.069E-16
F6 = 0.0145136 0.0125344 -0.027048 = 2.08167E-16

ELEMENTOS DE LA MATRIZ (LINEALIZACION DE LAS ECUACIONES)


Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ∑Fn
∂F1 = 0.0160452 0.0077044 0.0001221 0.0003522 = -0.02422397
∂F2 = 0.0077044 0.0002495 = -0.0079539
∂F3 = 0.0002495 0.0011545 = -0.00140401
∂F4 = 0.0197068 0.0011545 0.0039594 0.0023162 = -0.02713691
∂F5 = 0.0001221 0.0039594 = -0.00408147
∂F6 = 0.0003522 0.0023162 = -0.00266839

SISTEMA MATRICIAL
A B C D E F Zi MF
A -0.024224 0.0077044 0 0 0.0001221 0.0003522 z1 5.8287E-16
B 0.0077044 -0.0079539 0.0002495 0 0 0 z2 -8.257E-16
C 0 0.0002495 -0.001404 0.0011545 0 0 z3 -1.995E-16
D 0 0 0.0011545 -0.0271369 0.0039594 0.0023162 * z4 = -3.733E-15
E 0.0001221 0 0 0.0039594 -0.0040815 0 z5 7.069E-16
F 0.0003522 0 0 0.0023162 0 -0.0026684 z6 2.0817E-16

INVERSION DE LA MATRIZ
A -60.059775 -58.549856 -11.919283 -1.8433181 -3.5848501 -9.5272643 5.8287E-16 1.8081E-14
B -58.549856 -183.54015 -35.139254 -3.0726915 -4.7322782 -10.395081 -8.257E-16 1.304E-13
C -11.919283 -35.139254 -752.23761 -41.039218 -40.168102 -37.1957 -1.995E-16 2.892E-13
D -1.8433181 -3.0726915 -41.039218 -49.24305 -47.825098 -42.986795 * -3.733E-15 = 1.5072E-13
E -3.5848501 -4.7322782 -40.168102 -47.825098 -291.51162 -41.985861 7.069E-16 -2.644E-14
F -9.5272643 -10.395081 -37.1957 -42.986795 -41.985861 -413.32813 2.0817E-16 5.5205E-14

CORRECCION DE ALTURAS DE PRESION H1 z H2


A 2357.685 - 1.8528E-14 = 2357.685
B 2355.366 - 1.304E-13 = 2355.366
C 2333.948 - 2.892E-13 = 2333.948
D 2338.356 - 1.5072E-13 = 2338.356
E 2335.100 - -2.644E-14 = 2335.100
F 2335.434 - 5.5205E-14 = 2335.434

ITERACION N° 2
2730 38.897
T3 HA HB HC HD HE HF T4
2360 2357.68 2355.37 2333.95 2338.36 2335.10 2335.43 2340

Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
KT 329.14495 1279.2443 110463.53 396562.96 56459.825 301.13261 24882.16 3286.65 9727.4503
ΔH T3-A A-B B-C A-E A-F T4-D D-C D-E D-F
ΔH 2.315 2.318 21.418 22.584 22.251 1.644 4.408 3.256 2.922
Qij 0.0688 0.0330796 0.0098956 0.0051068 0.0145136 0.06 0.0094244 0.0238732 0.0125344
∂Qij/∂Hij 0.0160452 0.0077044 0.0002495 0.0001221 0.0003522 0.0197068 0.0011545 0.0039594 0.0023162

CALCULO DE FUNCIONES (CAUDALES DESCOMPENSADOS)


Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn ∑Fn
F1 = 0.0688 -0.0330796 -0.0051068 -0.0145136 -0.0161 = 5.82867E-16
F2 = 0.0330796 -0.0098956 -0.023184 = -9.3675E-16
F3 = 0.0098956 0.0094244 -0.01932 = 4.49293E-16
F4 = 0.06 -0.0094244 -0.0238732 -0.0125344 -0.014168 = -4.2674E-15
F5 = 0.0051068 0.0238732 -0.02898 = 7.069E-16
F6 = 0.0145136 0.0125344 -0.027048 = 2.08167E-16

ELEMENTOS DE LA MATRIZ (LINEALIZACION DE LAS ECUACIONES)


Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ∑Fn
∂F1 = 0.0160452 0.0077044 0.0001221 0.0003522 = -0.02422397
∂F2 = 0.0077044 0.0002495 = -0.0079539
∂F3 = 0.0002495 0.0011545 = -0.00140401
∂F4 = 0.0197068 0.0011545 0.0039594 0.0023162 = -0.02713691
∂F5 = 0.0001221 0.0039594 = -0.00408147
∂F6 = 0.0003522 0.0023162 = -0.00266839

SISTEMA MATRICIAL
A B C D E F Zi MF
A -0.024224 0.0077044 0 0 0.0001221 0.0003522 z1 5.8287E-16
B 0.0077044 -0.0079539 0.0002495 0 0 0 z2 -9.368E-16
C 0 0.0002495 -0.001404 0.0011545 0 0 z3 4.4929E-16
D 0 0 0.0011545 -0.0271369 0.0039594 0.0023162 * z4 = -4.267E-15
E 0.0001221 0 0 0.0039594 -0.0040815 0 z5 7.069E-16
F 0.0003522 0 0 0.0023162 0 -0.0026684 z6 2.0817E-16

INVERSION DE LA MATRIZ
A -60.059775 -58.549856 -11.919283 -1.8433181 -3.5848501 -9.5272643 5.8287E-16 1.7833E-14
B -58.549856 -183.54015 -35.139254 -3.0726915 -4.7322782 -10.395081 -9.368E-16 1.2962E-13
C -11.919283 -35.139254 -752.23761 -41.039218 -40.168102 -37.1957 4.4929E-16 -1.73E-13
D -1.8433181 -3.0726915 -41.039218 -49.24305 -47.825098 -42.986795 * -4.267E-15 = 1.5075E-13
E -3.5848501 -4.7322782 -40.168102 -47.825098 -291.51162 -41.985861 7.069E-16 -2.642E-14
F -9.5272643 -10.395081 -37.1957 -42.986795 -41.985861 -413.32813 2.0817E-16 5.5194E-14

CORRECCION DE ALTURAS DE PRESION H1 z H2


A 2357.685 - 1.8252E-14 = 2357.685
B 2355.366 - 1.2962E-13 = 2355.366
C 2333.948 - -1.73E-13 = 2333.948
D 2338.356 - 1.5075E-13 = 2338.356
E 2335.100 - -2.642E-14 = 2335.100
F 2335.434 - 5.5194E-14 = 2335.434

5.- Cálculo de presiones corregidas

Nodo Cota piez. Cota terr. Presión


T3 2360 - -
A 2357.685 2300 57.685
B 2355.366 2295 60.366
C 2333.948 2290 43.948
D 2338.356 2293 45.356
E 2335.100 2297 38.1003
F 2335.434 2296 39.434
T4 2340 - -
Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn
Nodo A Q1 - Q2 - Q4 - Q5 qA
Nodo B Q2 - Q3 qB
Nodo C Q3 Q7 qC
Nodo D Q6 - Q7 - Q8 - Q9 qD
Nodo E Q4 Q8 qE
Nodo F Q5 Q9 qF
Anillo I K2Q2n K3Q3n - K4Q4n - K7Q7n K8Q8n 0
Anillo II K4Q4n - K5Q5n - K8Q8n K9Q9n 0
Anillo III K1Q1n K5Q5n - K6Q6n - K9Q9n - Dif ▼

Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn
Nodo A 1 -1 -1 -1 qA
Nodo B 1 -1 qB
Nodo C 1 1 qC
Nodo D 1 -1 -1 -1 qD
Nodo E 1 1 qE
Nodo F 1 1 qF
Anillo I K2Q2n-1 K3Q3n-1 - K4Q4n-1 - K7Q7n-1 K8Q8n-1 0
Anillo II K4Q4n-1
- K5Q5n-1
- K8Q8n-1 K9Q9n-1 0
Anillo III K1Q1n-1 K5Q5n-1 - K6Q6n-1 - K9Q9n-1 - Dif ▼

Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Q (Lt/s) 68.800 33.080 9.896 5.107 14.514 60.000 9.424 23.873 12.534
D cal 0.2960 0.2052 0.1122 0.0806 0.1359 0.2764 0.1095 0.1743 0.1263
D com 0.300 0.225 0.125 0.100 0.150 0.300 0.125 0.175 0.150
V (m/s) 1.027413 1.201975 1.240133 1.537941 1.217585 1.1781 1.30214 1.007527 1.409836
Long(m) 940 900 1050 740 1100 860 1000 680 950
C 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150 150
K 329.14 1279.24 110463.5 ### 56459.83 301.13 24882.16 3286.65 9727.45
KiQin-1 33.652 70.084 2164.392 4422.390 1533.102 27.400 467.683 136.374 233.123

ITERACION N° 1

Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 qn
Nodo A 1 -1 0 -1 -1 0 0 0 0 qA 0.0161
Nodo B 0 1 -1 0 0 0 0 0 0 qB 0.023184
Nodo C 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 qC 0.01932
Nodo D 0 0 0 0 0 1 -1 -1 -1 * qD = 0.014168
Nodo E 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 qE 0.02898
Nodo F 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 qF 0.027048
Anillo I 0 70.084 2164.392 -4422.390 0 0 -467.683 136.3744 0 0 0
Anillo II 0 0 0 4422.390 -1533.10 0 0 -136.3744 233.123 0 0
Anillo III 33.652 0 0 0 1533.102 -27.400 0 0 -233.123 20 20

0.963674 0.939447 0.191248 0.029576 0.05752 0.152867 0.000346 0.000551 0.001079 0.0161 0.0688
-0.011633 0.962978 0.178896 0.009472 0.00884 0.006686 0.000362 0.000358 0.000346 0.023184 0.03308
-0.011633 -0.037022 0.178896 0.009472 0.00884 0.006686 0.000362 0.000358 0.000346 0.01932 0.009896
-0.006895 -0.006571 0.003449 0.005614 0.035155 0.003963 -4.63E-06 0.000212 0.000205 0.014168 0.005107
-0.017797 -0.01696 0.008902 0.014491 0.013525 0.142218 -1.19E-05 -1.9E-05 0.000529 0.02898 0.014514
0.036326 0.060553 0.808752 0.970424 0.94248 0.847133 -0.000346 -0.000551 -0.001079 0.027048 0.06
0.011633 0.037022 0.821104 -0.009472 -0.00884 -0.006686 -0.000362 -0.000358 -0.000346 0 0.009424
0.006895 0.006571 -0.003449 -0.005614 0.964845 -0.003963 4.629E-06 -0.000212 -0.000205 0 0.023873
0.017797 0.01696 -0.008902 -0.014491 -0.013525 0.857782 1.195E-05 1.903E-05 -0.000529 20 0.012534

Tramo 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Q (Lt/s) 0.0688 0.03308 0.009896 0.005107 0.014514 0.06 0.009424 0.023873 0.012534
K 329.14 1279.24 110463.5 ### 56459.83 301.13 24882.16 3286.65 9727.45
KiQin-1 33.65213 70.08401 2164.392 4422.39 1533.102 27.3995 467.6833 136.3744 233.1226
KiQin 2.315266 2.318352 21.41798 22.58439 22.25076 1.64397 4.40763 3.255689 2.922061

Anillo I 0 2.3184 21.4180 -22.5844 0 0 -4.4076 3.2557 0 = 0.0000


Anillo II 0 0 0 22.5844 -22.2508 0 0 -3.2557 2.9221 = 0.0000
Anillo III 2.3153 0 0 0 22.2508 -1.6440 0 0 -2.9221 = 20.0000

CALCULO DE COTAS PIEZOMETRICAS Y PRESIONES EN LOS NODOS

Nodos H piezométricas Cotas Tubería


hf Presión
Tramo Atrás Adelante Atrás Adelante Atrás Adelante
1 T3 A 2.315 2360.0 2357.7 2360 2300 57.685
2 A B 2.318 2357.7 2355.4 2300 2295 60.366
3 B C 21.418 2355.4 2333.9 2295 2290 43.948
4 A E 22.584 2357.7 2335.1 2300 2297 38.100
5 A F 22.251 2357.7 2335.4 2300 2296 39.434 0.000
6 T4 D 1.644 2340.0 2338.4 2340 2293 45.356 0.000
7 D C 4.408 2338.4 2333.9 2293 2290 43.948 0.000
8 D E 3.256 2338.4 2335.1 2293 2297 38.100
9 D F 2.922 2338.4 2335.4 2293 2296 39.434
Nodo Terr.
T4 2360
T3 2340
A 2300
B 2295
C 2290
D 2293
E 2297
F 2296
X= 1

1.- Diseñar las aducciones de agua potable (T2-R2-N1-N2), (T1-R1-N1), y la aducción por bombeo (Pozos-N2)
con bombeo de 6:00 a 18:00 hr/día. Calcular la potencia de los equipos de bombeo, tal que la presión en N2
sea solo una.

Q= 100 lt/seg Asumimos: Le = 0,1*Lr


2360

2350 T2
2340

2330

2320 560 Q= 30 lt/seg N1


2310 2305 2315

2300 R2 860
Q= 70 lt/seg

TRAMO Q (l/s) D cal (m) Dcom (m) V (m/s) C L (m) Lc (m) hf (m) P/γ (mca)
T2-R2 100.0 0.3568 0.375 0.9054 150 560 616.00 1.023 53.977
R2 70.0 8.140 -
R2-N1 30.0 0.1954 0.200 0.9549 150 860 946.00 3.609 32.228

Q= 120 lt/seg
2440

2430
T1
2420

2410

2400 860
2390 2380

2380

2370 Q= 90 lt/seg R1 Q= 30 lt/seg


2360

2350 1360
2340

2330
N1
2320

2310 2315

TRAMO Q (l/s) D cal (m) Dcom (m) V (m/s) C L (m) Lc (m) hf (m) P/γ (mca)
T1-R1 120.0 0.3909 0.400 0.9549 150 860 946.00 1.608 58.392
R1 90.0 11.430 -
R1-N1 30.0 0.1954 0.200 0.9549 150 1360 1496.00 5.707 64.402

Debido a que la presion en el punto N1 que llega del tanque T1 es mayor a la que llega del tanque T2
instalamos una VRP que disminuya 32,174 m.c.a. Y asi lograr una presion unica de 32,228 m.c.a.

Q= 60 lt/seg
2350.168 ▼Piez.

P/γ = 32.228
2320

2315

2310 N1
2305 980
2300 2300
N2

TRAMO Q (l/s) D cal (m) Dcom (m) V (m/s) C L (m) Lc (m) hf (m) P/γ (mca)
N1-N2 60.0 0.2764 0.300 0.8488 150 980 1078.00 2.061 50.168

DISEÑO DE LOS POZOS


hf1 hf2
2380

2360 420 N3 2372 580 2370

2340

2320

2300

2280

2260 2251 Nb= 12 hrs 2250


2240 de 6:00 a 18:00

TRAMO Qb (l/s) K3 D cal (m) Dcom (m) V (m/s) L (m) Lc hf i (m) P/γ (mca)
PP1-N3 22.000 1.3 0.162 0.175 0.9147 420 462.0 1.901 9.099
PP2-N3 18.000 1.3 0.147 0.150 1.0186 580 638.0 3.836 9.099

POTENCIA DE LA BOMBA
�𝑜𝑡=(�_𝑚∗�_𝑏∗𝛾)/(76∗Ƞ)
[�𝑝] �_𝑚=�_𝑖+�_𝑓+𝑒 [𝑚]

TRAMO hf i (m) Hi (m) e (m) Hm (m) Ƞ (%) Pot Pot (Hp)


PP1-N3 1.9013 129.000 3.000 132.000 75% 50.95 51
PP2-N3 3.8358 120.000 14.935 134.935 75% 42.61 43

2.- Con los metodos del Gradiente Hidraulico y Newton Raphson diseñar la red R3

- Cálculo de caudales de nodo, caudales de tramo, diametros y perdidas de carga.


Aplicamos el método de Repartición Media.
QDIS = 80.00 lt/seg
ESC: 1: 15000
TRAMO TRAMO L (mm) L real (m) Nodo Ln q nodo Terr
N2-A 0 32 480 A 1365 20.110 2295
A-B 1 48 720 B 810 11.934 2290
A-D 2 59 885 C 862.5 12.707 2270
A-E 3 75 1125 D 930 13.702 2275
D-E 4 65 975 E 1462.5 21.547 2300
B-C 5 60 900
E-C 6 55 825 qu= 0.014733
LT = 5430

TRAMO Long (m) Q (Lt/seg) D cal D com V (m/seg) C K hf (m)


0 480 80.000 0.3192 0.325 1.0369734 150 113.81752 1.0586
1 720 18.564 0.1537 0.150 0.9519469 150 7372.3834 4.5832
2 885 26.527 0.1838 0.200 1.1842925 150 2232.3744 2.6881
3 1125 14.799 0.1373 0.150 1.1941222 150 11519.349 4.7063
4 975 12.826 0.1278 0.125 0.9568287 150 24260.106 7.6042
5 900 6.630 0.0919 0.100 1.184645 150 66386.895 6.1306
6 825 6.077 0.0880 0.100 1.29234 150 60854.654 4.7834

- Ubicación de VRPs y calculo de reducción de presiones

NODO "E" Tramos 0, 3 〖𝐶𝑜𝑡𝑎 𝑝𝑖𝑒�〗 _𝐷=𝛻 N2 −( 〖ℎ𝑓〗 _0+ Cota piez D = 2344.403 msnm
〖ℎ𝑓〗 _3 )

Tramos 0, 2, 4 〖𝐶𝑜𝑡𝑎 𝑝𝑖𝑒�〗 _𝐷=𝛻 N2 −( 〖ℎ𝑓〗 _0+ Cota piez D = 2338.817 msnm
〖ℎ𝑓〗 _2+ 〖ℎ𝑓〗 _4 )
〖𝐶𝑜𝑡𝑎 𝑝𝑖𝑒�〗 _𝐷=𝛻 N2 −( 〖ℎ𝑓〗 _0+
〖ℎ𝑓〗 _2+ 〖ℎ𝑓〗 _4 )

Diferencia de presiones= 5.586 m

La cota superior es la que viene de los tramos 0 y 3. Por tanto instalamos la VRP en TRAMO 3

NODO "C" Tramos 0, 2, 4, 6 〖𝐶𝑜𝑡𝑎 𝑝𝑖𝑒�〗 _𝐷=𝛻E− 〖ℎ𝑓〗 _6 Cota piez D = 2334.033 msnm

Tramos 0, 1, 5 〖𝐶𝑜𝑡𝑎 𝑝𝑖𝑒�〗 _𝐷=𝛻 N2 −( 〖ℎ𝑓〗 _0+ Cota piez D = 2338.395 msnm
〖ℎ𝑓〗 _1+ 〖ℎ𝑓〗 _5 )

Diferencia de presiones= 4.362 m

La cota superior es la que viene de los tramos 0, 1, y 5. Por tanto instalamos la VRP en TRAMO 5

TRAMO Long (m) Q (Lt/seg) D com V (m/seg) C K hf (m) vrp K vrp K total
0 480 80.000 0.325 1.0369734 150 113.81752 1.059 113.81752
1 720 18.563536 0.150 0.9519469 150 7372.3834 4.583 7372.3834
2 885 26.52723 0.200 1.1842925 150 2232.3744 2.688 2232.37443
3 1125 14.798737 0.150 1.1941222 150 11519.349 4.706 6 14685.718 26205.0671
4 975 12.825572 0.125 0.9568287 150 24260.106 7.604 24260.1063
5 900 6.6298343 0.100 1.184645 150 66386.895 6.131 4 43314.8729 109701.768
6 825 6.0773481 0.100 1.29234 150 60854.654 4.783 60854.6539

K3= ### hf3= 4.7063 K3= ### hf3= 6.1306


Kvrp= x vrp= 6 Kvrp= x vrp= 4
x= 14685.718 x= 43314.8729

- Corrección de cotas piezometricas en la red R3.


- Corrección de cotas piezometricas en la red R3.

ITERACION N° 1
2730 38.897
N2 HA HB HC HD HE
2350.168 2349.11 2344.53 2334.03 2346.42 2338.82

Tramo 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
KT 113.8175197 7372.383405 2232.374432 26205.0671 24260.10635 109701.768 60854.65387
ΔH N2-A A-B A-D A-E D-E B-C E-C
ΔH 1.059 4.583 2.688 10.292 7.604 10.492 4.783
Qij 0.08 0.018563536 0.02652723 0.01448687 0.012825572 0.006756643 0.006077348
∂Qij/∂Hij 0.040805362 0.002187017 0.005328519 0.000760017 0.00091072 0.000347708 0.000686026

CALCULO DE FUNCIONES (CAUDALES DESCOMPENSADOS)

Tramo 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 qn ∑Fn
F1 = 0.08 -0.01856354 -0.02652723 -0.01448687 -0.0201105 = 0.000311867
F2 = 0.018563536 -0.00675664 -0.0119337 = -0.00012681
F3 = 0.006756643 0.006077348 -0.01270718 = 0.000126808
F4 = 0.02652723 -0.01282557 -0.01370166 = -4.0766E-16
F5 = 0.01448687 0.012825572 -0.00607735 -0.02154696 = -0.00031187

ELEMENTOS DE LA MATRIZ (LINEALIZACION DE LAS ECUACIONES)

Tramo 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 ∑Fn
∂F1 = 0.040805362 0.002187017 0.005328519 0.000760017 = -0.04908091
∂F2 = 0.002187017 0.000347708 = -0.00253473
∂F3 = 0.000347708 0.000686026 = -0.00103373
∂F4 = 0.005328519 0.00091072 = -0.00623924
∂F5 = 0.000760017 0.00091072 0.000686026 = -0.00235676

SISTEMA MATRICIAL
A B C D E Zi MF
A -0.04908091 0.002187017 0 0.005328519 0.000760017 z1 0.000311867
B 0.002187017 -0.00253473 0.000347708 0 0 z2 -0.00012681
C 0 0.000347708 -0.00103373 0 0.000686026 z3 0.000126808
D 0.005328519 0 0 -0.00623924 0.00091072 * z4 = -4.0766E-16
E 0.000760017 0 0.000686026 0.00091072 -0.00235676 z5 -0.00031187

INVERSION DE LA MATRIZ

A -24.5065834 -24.5065834 -24.5065834 -24.5065834 -24.5065834 0.000311867 1.75545E-14


B -24.5065834 -443.326297 -201.646153 -32.4830093 -79.1521587 -0.00012681 0.047689196
C -24.5065834 -201.646153 -1315.82048 -82.6532163 -422.862473 0.000126808 -0.01705267
D -24.5065834 -32.4830093 -82.6532163 -196.981714 -108.081656 * -4.0766E-16 = 0.019702282
E -24.5065834 -79.1521587 -422.862473 -108.081656 -597.069789 -0.00031187 0.134978066

CORRECCION DE ALTURAS DE PRESION

H1 z H2
A 2349.109 - 1.7558E-14 = 2349.109
B 2344.526 - 0.047689196 = 2344.478
C 2334.033 - -0.01705267 = 2334.050
D 2346.421 - 0.019702282 = 2346.401
E 2338.817 - 0.134978066 = 2338.682
ITERACION N° 2
2730 38.897
N2 HA HB HC HD HE
2350.168 2349.11 2344.48 2334.05 2346.40 2338.68

Tramo 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
KT 113.8175197 7372.383405 2232.374432 26205.0671 24260.10635 109701.768 60854.65387
ΔH N2-A A-B A-D A-E D-E B-C E-C
ΔH 1.059 4.631 2.708 10.427 7.719 10.428 4.631
Qij 0.08 0.018667585 0.026632037 0.014589149 0.012930193 0.006734099 0.005972276
∂Qij/∂Hij 0.040805362 0.002176627 0.005310647 0.000755475 0.000904438 0.000348699 0.000696296

CALCULO DE FUNCIONES (CAUDALES DESCOMPENSADOS)

Tramo 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 qn ∑Fn
F1 = 0.08 -0.01866758 -0.02663204 -0.01458915 -0.0201105 = 7.32243E-07
F2 = 0.018667585 -0.0067341 -0.0119337 = -2.16325E-07
F3 = 0.006734099 0.005972276 -0.01270718 = -8.06577E-07
F4 = 0.026632037 -0.01293019 -0.01370166 = 0.000000187
F5 = 0.014589149 0.012930193 -0.00597228 -0.02154696 = 1.03621E-07

ELEMENTOS DE LA MATRIZ (LINEALIZACION DE LAS ECUACIONES)

Tramo 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 ∑Fn
∂F1 = 0.040805362 0.002176627 0.005310647 0.000755475 = -0.04904811
∂F2 = 0.002176627 0.000348699 = -0.00252533
∂F3 = 0.000348699 0.000696296 = -0.001045
∂F4 = 0.005310647 0.000904438 = -0.00621509
∂F5 = 0.000755475 0.000904438 0.000696296 = -0.00235621

SISTEMA MATRICIAL
A B C D E Zi MF
A -0.04904811 0.002176627 0 0.005310647 0.000755475 z1 7.32243E-07
B 0.002176627 -0.00252533 0.000348699 0 0 z2 -2.16325E-07
C 0 0.000348699 -0.001045 0 0.000696296 z3 -8.06577E-07
D 0.005310647 0 0 -0.00621509 0.000904438 * z4 = 0.000000187
E 0.000755475 0 0.000696296 0.000904438 -0.00235621 z5 1.03621E-07

INVERSION DE LA MATRIZ

A -24.5065834 -24.5065834 -24.5065834 -24.5065834 -24.5065834 7.32243E-07 1.76425E-14


B -24.5065834 -444.973332 -201.78192 -32.5812307 -79.9936527 -2.16325E-07 0.000226684
C -24.5065834 -201.78192 -1308.35753 -82.984225 -426.351126 -8.06577E-07 0.001021297
D -24.5065834 -32.5812307 -82.984225 -197.588476 -108.225632 * 0.000000187 = 7.86542E-06
E -24.5065834 -79.9936527 -426.351126 -108.225632 -599.804113 1.03621E-07 0.00026085

CORRECCION DE ALTURAS DE PRESION

H1 z H2
A 2349.109 - 1.76425E-14 = 2349.109
B 2344.478 - 0.000226684 = 2344.478
C 2334.050 - 0.001021297 = 2334.049
D 2346.401 - 7.86542E-06 = 2346.401
E 2338.682 - 0.00026085 = 2338.682
- Verificación de presiones

Nodo Cota piez. Cota terr. Presión


T3 2350.168 2300 50.168
A 2349.109 2295 54.109
B 2344.478 2290 54.478
C 2334.049 2270 64.049
D 2346.401 2275 71.401
E 2338.682 2300 38.682