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Thermal power station Building material industry Metallurgical Industry Chemical Industry

立式中速磨煤机
The Mid-speed ZGM Series Vertical Mill
Top in China, Internationally renowned

BPEG 的产品遍布国内、除台湾、澳门外的所有省市自治区、行政特区
BPEG’s products can be found all over the country except taiwan, Macau

BPEG 的产品遍及五大洲
BPEG’s products can be found all over the five continents
目录
Content
公司简介 ........................................................... 1
组织结构 ........................................................... 3
企业资质及证书 ................................................ 4
BPEG 磨煤机产品发展历程 .............................. 5
ZGM 中速辊式磨煤机的主要技术特点 .............. 7
ZGM 中速辊式磨煤机的参数规格 ................... 10
产品业绩 ......................................................... 24

Brief Introduction .............................................. 2


Organization Chart ........................................... 3
Enterprise Qualifications & Certificates ............ 4
Development History ........................................ 6
Technical Features ........................................... 7
Product Specification ..................................... 10
Reference List ................................................ 24
概述
北京电力设备总厂(BPEG)始建于 1952 年,国 电网技术创新奖,始终确保了在电力、冶金、建材、
有大型一类企业,地跨京冀两地,总部设于良乡。 化工等行业同类设备中处于领先地位,确保了研磨
2009 年末,企业占地面积 120 万平方米,在职职工 制粉技术与绿色、节能、高效的国际水平同步。
3000 余人,资产总额 20 亿元,年度销售额 26 亿元, BPEG 坚持创新发展,利用两种资源,开拓两个
出口额 6 亿元。 市场,以高端技术、高端产品、高端客户持续推动国
BPEG 是世界上生产磨煤机型式、品种、规格较 内外市场升级,连续称为北京百强企业,2008 年迈
为齐全、规模最大的专业制造企业,具有生产制造辊 入中国机械制造百强企业之列(第 92 位)。产品和服
式磨机的丰富制造经验和良好市场业绩。主导产品 务在国内遍布除澳门外的所有省市自治区和地区,
ZGM 型磨煤机是“中国名牌产品”,广泛应用于电 遍及五大洲 69 个国家。与美、德、法、日等多家国
力、冶金、建材、煤炭、化工、铁路等领域。2009 外大型跨国公司有良好的合作;与东方电气、山东电
年自主研制的600MW-1000MW机组新一代磨煤机, 建、中机集团等多家国内大型工程承包公司合作紧
通过国家新产品技术鉴定。拥有齐全的技术门类,完 密。多年来,BPEG 以“降耗节能、推进产业结构升
全自主设计研发能力、工艺生产能力及相应的检试 级”为目标,以高新技术引领企业发展,不断创新磨
验能力,企业内部设有省市级技术中心,ZGM 型磨 煤制粉技术,成为国内外知名的中速磨专业制造商,
煤机荣获多项国家科学技术进步奖、国家电网、华北 坚定不移地携手各行业用户合作共赢,共同发展!

1
Outline

Beijing Power Equipment Group (BPEG) was metallurgy, building materials, chemical industry,
founded in 1952. As a first class of large state-owned and ensures that it can keep step with the
enterprises, BPEG locates at Beijing and Hebei international level in grinding technology and green,
province, with its head office at Liangxiang, Fangshan energy-saving and efficiency.
District, Beijing. By the end of 2009, BPEG covers 1.2 BPEG persists in innovation and development,
million square meters, has about 3,000 employees, using domestic and international resources to
total assets 2 billion RMB, annual sales 2.6 billion develop markets through high-end technologies,
RMB, including 600 million RMB for exports. high-end products and high-end customers, and
BPEG, as one of the largest professional continues to promote to market upgrading. BPEG is
manufacturer in the world, has a relatively complete continuously awarded the Top-100 enterprises of
range of mill types, varieties and specifications, with Beijing. BPEG enters the Top-100 list of China
lots of manufacturing experience of grinding roller National Machinery Manufacturing enterprises
mills and good market performance. ZGM mill, the (92th). Products and services are throughout all the
leading product of BPEG, is "China Top Brand", provinces and regions in China, and 69 countries in
widely used in electric power, metallurgy, building five continents. BPEG has a good cooperation with
materials, coal industry, chemical industry, railway the large multinational companies of the United
and other fields. BPEG independently developed a States, Germany, France, Japan, and has a close
new generation of mill used for power plants of cooperation with Dongfang Electric, Shandong
600MW-1000MW, had passed through national Electric Power Construction, China Machine Group
technical appraisal of new products in 2009. BPEG and other large domestic engineering contracting
has a full range of technical categories, completely companies. Over the years, BPEG aims at "saving
independent design and development capabilities, energy, promoting industrial upgrading", promoting
production process and the corresponding inspection enterprise development through high-tech,
and test capacity, with provincial and municipal continuously making innovation and development
enterprise technological centers. ZGM Mill won a in pulverizing coal technology, known as domestic
number of National Science and Technology Award, and international well-known professional
State Grid, North China Grid technology Innovation manufacturer of grinding roller mill, BPEG will firmly
Award, and always ensures that it has leading go forward hand in hand with various industries, and
position in similar facilities in the electric power, get win-win cooperation with partners.

2
组织机构图 Organization Chart

Mill Business Department

Electric Power Equipment


Business Department
International Operation
Business Unit
General Office
Spare Parts Business
Department
Management Office
Mill Spare Parts Works

News center Machine Works


Human Resources
Department
Steelwork Works
Production
BEIJING Finance Department Planning Center Heavy-duty Gearbox
Works
POWER
EQUIPMENT Special Motor Works
Audit Department Material Procurement
GROUP Department
Special Industrial
Turbine Works
Quality & Assurance
Department Labour Union Special Transformer
Works
Special Electric
Electric Power Machinery Equipment Works
Research Institute
Enclosed Bus Works
Electric Power
R&D Institute Haotian Corporation

Beijing Electric Power


Automatic Equipment Works
Baoding Power
Equipment Works

3
企业资质、认证及证书 Enterprise Qualifications & Certifieates

4
BPEG 磨煤机产品发展历程

前言
北京电力设备总厂(以下简称 BPEG)自从制造国内首台 151
碗式中速磨煤机至今,始终致力于磨煤机的研究与发展,经历了
合作生产与设计开发、技术引进与产品攻关及创新发展三个阶段,
设计与制造技术日臻完善,尤其是 ZGM 型系列中速辊式磨煤机以
它煤种适应广(可磨制烟煤、无烟煤、褐煤、贫瘦煤)、碾磨效率
高、电耗低、寿命长、安全可靠、操作检修方便等优点广泛适用
于电力、冶金、建材、化工等行业的煤粉制备系统。
BPEG 作为国际上产能最大的中速辊式磨煤机的专业生产厂
商,磨煤机设计制造及成套能力强,磨煤机配套的立式行星减速
机、高启动力矩特种主电机、电子称重皮带给煤机、润滑站、高
压油站、快关门等成套设备及其控制系统均可由我厂自行设计制
造,为用户提供全方面的制粉系统解决方案及技术服务。

MPS 中速辊式磨煤机的历史
MPS 磨最初是由德国 PFEIFFER(非凡)公司在 BERZ 磨(磨制石粉)的基础上发展起来的,并建造
了专磨水泥原料的 MPS 磨系列。后来德国 Babcock 公司(以下简称 Babcock)从 PFEIFFER 公司取得了
MPS 磨应用于火电厂碾磨燃煤的专利权。于 1958 年诞生了第一台实用的 MPS 磨煤机。于 1965 年设计了
MPS180 磨煤机(配在 300MW 机组上),随后逐渐发展形成 20 多种型号的 MPS 磨系列。
从 1970 年起发电机组容量逐渐增加,美国 Babcock & Wilcox 公司(简称 B&W)经研究比较,确认 MPS
磨煤机适合同大容量发电机组配套,为此该公司从 Babcock 公司购买了 MPS225 磨煤机专有技术制造权(同
时购买了一台 MPS225 磨样机),自此该公司生产制造的 MPS225 磨煤机分别安装在 AMOS 电厂和 CAVIN
电厂的 1300MW 发电机组上(每台锅炉配 12 台,其中 10 台运行,2 台备用,单磨出力为 55t/h)。此后 B&W
公司又从 Babcock 公司购买了 MPS170、180、200、2350、2800、3000 等型号的磨煤机制造技术,在吸
收原有 Babcock 技术的基础上,重新进行 MPS 磨系列化设计,其后仅七八年时间,B&W 公司就制造出 800
多台 MPS 磨。
1980 年前苏联向 Babcock 公司购买了 MPS2650 磨煤机制造专利(亦带一台样机),出力为 80t/h,与苏
联的 600MW 机组配套,磨制高灰份硬质烟煤。
目前除了美国、前苏联以外,英国、法国、日本、意大利、中国、南非、加拿大、墨西哥等国家都向 Babcock
公司购买了 MPS 磨煤机的制造技术。

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The developmental process of BPEG mill product

Preface
Since Beijing Power Equipment Group (hereinafter referred to BPEG) manufactured 151 ball type
Medium Speed Mill for the first time in China. BPEG has always committed to mill research and development,
come through three stages, manufacturing cooperation, design and development, technology transfer and
product innovation and development. The technology of designing and manufacturing is being perfect day
by day, particularly in the ZGM series medium speed roller mill with its broad adaptability for coal (can be used
to grind bituminous coal, anthracite, brown coal, lean coal), high grinding efficiency, low power consumption,
long life, safe and reliability, easy operation and maintenance are widely used in the coal preparation system
of electric power, metallurgy, building materials, chemical industry.
BPEG, as the largest capacity and professional manufacturer in medium speed roller mill in the world,
has a strong ability in mill design and equipment manufacturing complex, the vertical planetary gearbox,
special high starting torque motor, electronic belt balance coal feeder, lubrication station, hydraulic station,
fast-closing valve, control systems and other equipment can be designed and manufactured by ourselves.
So BPEG can provide customers with the general milling system solutions and technical services.

The history of MPS medium roller mill


MPS mill was originally developed by Deutschland PFEIFFER based on BERZ mill, PFEIFFER specially
developed series MPS mill to grind raw material of cement. Deutschland Babcock (hereinafter referred to
Babcock) obtained the patent of MPS mill using in power plant from PFEIFFER later. The first practical MPS
mill was born in 1958, MPS180 mill was designed in 1965 (used in 300MW Unit), then gradually developed
more than 20 kinds of models of MPS mill series.
The generator capacity gradually increased since 1970, the U.S. Babcock & Wilcox, Inc. (hereinafter
referred to B&W) purchased proprietary manufacturing patent of MPS225 mill and a MPS225 mill prototype
from Babcock by comparative study of MPS mill, and confirmed that MPS mill can be suitable for supporting
large capacity generating units, henceforth, the MPS225 mills manufactured by B&W were installed in the
units of 1300MW generating capacity in AMOS and CAVIN power plants (each with 12 sets of mills per boiler,
of which 10 running, 2 standing by, the output is 55 tph per mill). Since then, B&W bought the manufacturing
technology of MPS170, MPS180, MPS200, MPS2350, MPS2800, MPS3000 and other types of mill from
Babcock, B&W produced more than 800 sets of MPS mills through absorbing the original technology of
Babcock, and redesigning the MPS mill series in 7 to 8 years.
Russia purchased the manufacturing patent of MPS2650 and a prototype from Babcock, in 1980, the
output is 80 tph, the mill was used to support 600MW unit, grinding hard bituminous coal with high ash.
Up to now, besides the United States and Russia, the other countries, such as U.K., France, Japan, Italy,
China, South Africa, Canada, Mexico, etc. all have purchased the MPS mill manufacturing technology from
Babcock.

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ZGM 中速辊式磨煤机系列化的形成和发展

MPS 磨煤机在国内首次引进是神头一电厂第三期工程 4X200MW 机组,采用 Babcock 公司的 MPS190


磨煤机。1981 年我厂同 Babcock 公司达成协议,前 8 台 MPS190 磨煤机由 Babcock 公司供货,后 8 台与我
厂合作生产。这是我厂首次接触到 MPS 磨煤机技术。
1984 年,我厂在总结合作生产MPS190 经验的基础上,开始设计制作为望亭电厂 #14机组配套的 ZGM95
型磨煤机,1989 年投入运行,1993 年通过部级鉴定。
1985 年 12 月国家正式批准我厂与西德 Babcock 公司签订了购买 MPS225 磨煤机专有技术合同。从此我
厂开始了对 MPS 磨煤机技术进行消化吸收。我厂通过多年努力开发创新,在 MPS 磨煤机的基础上,完成了
具有自主知识产权的 ZGM 磨煤机的研制,并且按出力从小到大进行了系列化发展。ZGM 型系列中速辊式磨
煤机磨盘中径覆盖范围从 1300mm-2900mm,分别有 ZGM65、80、95、113、123、133、145 共 7 个跨挡
型号(相当于 MPS130-MPS290)。在学习和借鉴国内外中速磨技术的基础上,每种型号细分 K、N、G 三种
或 N、G 两种规格,共 18 种规格(基本型)。
BPEG 始终跟踪中速磨煤机的最新制造技术,在产品设计和生产制造过程中广泛采用新技术、新工艺。
特别是在 1997 年后,ZGM 中速磨煤机采用了行星减速机、液压变加载、旋转喷嘴、旋转分离器、翻磨辊装
置及新型耐磨材料等新技术和新材料,大大提高了 ZGM 中速磨煤机的综合使用性能,得到了用户广泛赞誉。
近年来,为适应国家能源政策和节能减排的要求,紧密跟踪国内外磨煤机技术最新发展态势,满足用户
对煤质变化提出的提高出力的需要,在基本型系列磨煤机基础上,我厂开发了新一代中速辊式磨煤机,即
ZGM-I、II、III 型磨煤机。通过提高磨煤机的转速和加载力、提高碾磨效率,达到提高出力(产能)的目标。
新一代中速辊式磨煤机于 2009 年 12 月通过中国机械工业联合会组织的鉴定。

The formation and development of ZGM mill series

MPS mill, first introduced in China, was installed in the 3rd unit of Shentou first power plant with
4X200MW capacity, adopting MPS190 Mill of Babcock. BPEG reached an agreement with Babcock in 1981,
the first 8 sets of MPS190 mills will be supplied by Babcock, and another 8 sets will be supplied by Babcock
and BPEG by manufacturing cooperation method. It is the first exposure of MPS mill technology to BPEG.
In 1984, BPEG began to design ZGM95 mill for the #14 unit of Wangting power plant based on the
experience of manufacturing MPS190 mill, the mills were put into operation in 1989, and passed the ministry-
level appraisal in 1993.
BPEG got the formal approval of signing a proprietary technology contract of MPS225 Mill with Babcock
from the government in December, 1985. From then on, BPEG started to absorb the technology of MPS mill.

7
BPEG finished the research and manufacture of ZGM mill by years of efforts, development and innovation,
based on MPS mill, and owned the intellectual property rights, BPEG developed the mill series based on the
output and diameter of grinding table, the diameter of grinding table of ZGM series mills ranges from 1300mm
to 2900mm, BPEG has ZGM65, ZGM80, ZGM95, ZGM113, ZGM123, ZGM133 and ZGM145, total 7 models,
(equivalent to MPS130-MPS290). Each model is divided into K, N, G three or N, G two sizes, total 18 kinds
of specifications (basic model) based on learning the technology and experience of home and abroad.
BPEG always keeps step with the latest manufacturing technology of medium speed roller mill, and
widely adopt up-to-date technologies and manufacturing process in the process of product design and
manufacturing of mills. Especially after 1997, ZGM mill adopted vertical planetary gearbox, hydraulic
variable loading system, rotating nozzles, rotary separator, turning roller device and new wear-resistant
materials and new technologies, these methods greatly improved the general performance of ZGM Mill. ZGM
mill has been widely praised by users.
In recent years, in order to meet the requirements of national energy policy, energy conservation and
emissions reduction, closely tracking the latest development trend of domestic and international mill
technology, meet the needs of coal changing and output increasing, BPEG developed a new generation of
medium-speed roller mill based on the basic series mill, namely ZGM-I, ZGM-II, ZGM-III type mill. By
increasing the mill’
s rotary speed and loading pressure, improving grinding efficiency, to improve the output
targets. The new generation of medium-speed roller mill passed the appraisal of China Machinery Industry
Federation in December, 2009.

ZGM 中速辊式磨煤机发展的三个阶段
ZGM roller mill’s three development stages

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● 1985 年设计制造 ZGM95 中速辊式磨煤机
● 1985 年 12 月从德国 Babcock 公司引进 MPS 磨煤机专有技术
● 1994 年设计制造 MPS225 磨煤机在台州电厂安装使用(消化吸收、创新发展和系列化)
● 2000 年设计制造的首台 ZGM123N(弹簧定加载)磨煤机在盘山电厂安装使用
● 2001 年设计制造的首台 ZGM113 磨煤机在准格尔电厂安装使用
● 2001 年设计制造的首台 ZGM80 磨煤机在灞桥热电厂安装使用
● 2001 年设计制造的首台 ZGM133 磨煤机在武钢安装使用
● 2001 年配有动静组合选择分离器和翻磨辊装置的 ZGM95 磨煤机在都江堰拉法基水泥厂投入使用
● 2002 年设计制造的首台 ZGM123G(液压变加载)磨煤机在托克托电厂安装使用
● 2003 年设计制造的首台 ZGM65 磨煤机在吐鲁番电厂安装并投入使用
● 2006 年设计制造的 ZGM113G-I 型磨煤机在庄河电厂安装使用
● 2008 年设计制造的 ZGM95G-III 型磨煤机在东胜电厂安装使用
● 2009 年增速改造的 ZGM113K-II 型磨煤机在大二电厂安装使用
● 2009 年新一代磨煤机通过中国机械工业联合会组织的鉴定

● 1985: to design and manufacture ZGM95 medium-speed roller mill,


● 1985.12: Import proprietary technology of MPS mill from Babcock,
● 1994: to design and manufacture MPS225 mill installed in Taizhou power plant (digestion, absorption,
innovation, development and product seriation),
● 2000: to design and manufacture the first set of ZGM123N mill(constant load by spring) installed and
put into use in Panshan power plant,
● 2001: to design and manufacture the first set of ZGM113 mill installed and put into use in the Zhunge’er
power plant,
● 2001: to design and manufacture the first set of ZGM80 mill installed and put into use in Baqiao thermal
power plant,
● 2001: to design and manufacture the first set of ZGM133 mill installed and put into use in Wuhan Iron
and Steel plant,
● 2001: to design and manufacture ZGM95 mill equipped with the static-dynamic selection separator and
turning roller device installed and put into use in Dujiangyan Lafarge cement plant,
● 2002: to design and manufacture the first set of ZGM123G (hydraulic variable load) mill installed and put
into use in Tuoketuo power plant,
● 2003: to design and manufacture the first set of ZGM65 mill installed and put into use in Turpan power
plant,
● 2006: to design and manufacture ZGM113G-I type mill installed and put into use in Zhuanghe power
plant,
● 2008: to design and manufacture ZGM95G-III type mill installed and put into use in Dongsheng power
plant,
● 2009: to accelerate the modification of ZGM113K-II type mill installed and put into use in Daer power
plant, and
● 2009: the new generation mill passed the appraisal by China Machinery Industry Federation.

9
ZGM 中速辊式磨煤机的主要技术特点
The key technical characteristics of ZGM mill

一、 结构(见图 1)
ZGM 磨煤机本体由机座、机壳、分离器、减速
机、喷嘴、碾磨装置(磨盘和三个辊子)、液压加载
装置、煤粉分配箱、密封装置、排渣装置、蒸汽防
爆装置、基础台板、步道等组成。主要的配套装置
有润滑油站、液压油站、密封风机、电动机、电气
控制柜等。
1. Structure (see Figure 1)
ZGM mill proper is composed of the bottom
casing, casing, separator, gearbox, nozzle, grinding
devices (grinding table and three rollers), hydraulic
loading device, distribution box of coal particle,
sealing device, pyrites box, steam explosion device,
foundation plates, trails and other components.
The main equipped devices are lubrication oil station,
hydraulic oil station, sealing fan, motor, electric
control cabinet, etc.

二、工作原理
磨煤机把原煤磨制成合格(一定细度和水份要求)
的煤粉,必须完成三个过程
1.碾磨
由电动机驱动,
通过行星减速机带动磨煤机磨盘转
动,磨盘上的三个辊子在磨盘的带动下转动,经落煤管
进来的原煤分别在磨盘上,由于加载力的作用,磨辊与
磨盘直接产生挤压使大颗粒煤被压碎。靠磨辊与磨盘的
相对运动产生的滑动摩擦力实现小颗粒煤被碾碎。
在研
磨过程中,磨辊活动范围为三个自由度(自转、上下、
水平方向),这就是 ZGM 磨机独特的碾磨机理(碾压物
料)。
2.干燥
原煤在磨内被碾磨的同时,得到入磨一次热风(一
般在 450℃以下)的干燥(去掉原煤的水分)
,达到规
定的要求。

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3.分离
碾磨后的煤粉,通过一次风输送进入分离器进行分离。分离器将合格煤粉输送出磨煤机送入(直吹式)
锅炉燃烧器进行燃烧,不合格的粗煤粉回到磨盘上重磨。
煤中的杂物(即石子煤和铁块、石块、木块等)通过离心力作用甩到喷嘴口处(由于自重不能被吹起输
送)落入一次风室经刮板将其刮入排渣箱内(见图 2)。

Figure 2: Fluidized bed sketch map Figure 3: Grinding force analysis sketch map

2. Working principle
It must go through three processes for raw coal grinded to qualified coal powder with a certain fineness
and moisture.
2.1 Grinding
The motor drives grinding table to rotate through the planetary gearbox, three rollers are driven to rotate
by the grinding table, the raw coal drops onto the table through the raw coal pipe, due to the action of loading
force, large size coal is directly crushed by the extrusion between rollers and grinding table, the small size
coal is crushed by the sliding friction of relative motion of rollers and grinding table. In the grinding process,
the roller has three degrees of freedom (rotation, fluctuation, horizontal motion), which is the unique grinding
mechanism of ZGM mill (grind and crush materials).
2.2 Drying
During the process of grinding, the raw coal is dried by the primary hot air (ordinarily lower than 450℃),
to meet the moisture requirement.
2.3 Separation
The pulverized coal powder enters into the classifier to be separated through the transportation of
primary air. The qualified coal powder is conveyed to (direct firing) the boiler burner for combustion. The
unqualified coal particle will go back to the grinding table to be grinded again.
The odds and ends in raw coal (e.g. pyrites, iron, stone, wood, etc.) are thrown into the nozzle due to
the centrifugal force. And they will drop into the chamber of primary air under the action of gravity and be
scraped into the pyrites box (see Figure 2).

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一、采用变加载系统
1994 年我厂开始自行研制磨煤机液压变加载技术,并将该技术成功应用到 ZGM 磨煤机上。变加载可以
实现磨煤机加载力的大小随磨煤机出力要求而改变。其变加载系统(见图 4)由液压油站、油缸、蓄能器(俗
称空气弹簧)、拉杆、压架等组成。加载力的变化是通过比例溢流阀实现。
采用变加载技术,主要优点如下:
磨煤机出力范围由过去的 40~100% 扩大到 25~100%,提高低负荷性能,满足机组调峰需要。
提高耐磨材料寿命
如出力低时,加载力就小,若是恒加载力,
则这时煤层薄,加载力仍然很大,辊套和衬板磨
损就快。加载力大小随磨煤机出力大
小变化而变化,降低了磨煤机电耗。
由于空气弹簧的刚度是一个变量,加载力
小,刚度小(反之亦然),现将空气弹簧的最大
刚度作到低于弹簧定加载磨煤机的弹簧刚度,
这样磨煤机的振动小,运行更加平稳。
可以实现磨煤机升起磨辊空载启动。 Figure 4: Varialbe loading system schematic diagram
1. Variable loading system
BPEG began to develop hydraulic variable loading technology in 1994, and successfully applied this
technology onto ZGM mill. Variable loading can be used to achieve variable loading force corresponding to
the change of mill output. The variable loading system (see Figure 4) is composed of hydraulic oil station,
hydraulic oil cylinder, accumulator (commonly known as air springs), rod, loading frame and other components.
The change of loading force is achieved through the proportional relief valve.
Key advantages of adopting variable loading technology are as follows:
The output range of mill extends to 25~100 from 40~100%,
The performance of low-load is improved, so that the boiler can meet the needs of peak load regulation.
The wear life of wear-resistant materials can be prolonged,
If the mill is in low-load condition, the loading force will be low, too. If the loading force is constant, for
the thin coal bed and large loading force, the abrasion between roller tyre and liner will be faster.
The variable loading force can reduce the power consumption of mill.
Because the stiffness of air spring is a variable, low loading force means the stiffness is small (and vice
versa), so the mill can be running in lower vibration and more smoothly. The starting with no-load and lifting
roller can be achieved.

二、采用行星减速机
1) 体积小,结构紧凑,重量轻,占地面积小,投资小(减少轴向尺
寸,磨煤机可以纵向布置,磨煤机间跨距大为缩小),检修方便。
2)承载能力大,噪音小。
3)传动效率高,空载功率降低。
4)减速机中间是浮动齿形联轴器,使齿轮系统来自磨煤机的冲击完
全隔开,运转平稳可靠。
2. Planetary gearbox

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2.1 Small, compact, light weight, small footprint, low investment (less axial dimension, mill can be
longitudinal, span of mills significantly reduced), easy maintenance.
2.2 Bigger carrying capacity, lower noise.
2.3 Higher transmission efficiency, lower no-load power.
2.4 Using floating gear tooth coupling, the operation of mill is more stable and reliable.

三、采用旋转喷嘴
我厂自行开发了磨旋转喷嘴设计与制造技术,1991 年 ~1992 年我厂为利港电厂生产的 MBF23 旋转喷嘴
使用至今,效果良好。采用旋转喷嘴主要是改变喷嘴处空气动力场,降低喷口流速。采用旋转喷嘴的优点:
喷嘴磨损均匀,寿命比静止喷嘴提高 2-3 倍。
由于旋转,使叶片出气边缘气粉涡流向上部推移,既降低
了叶片出气边的磨损,又使风环处阻力进一步降低。
喷嘴外环与旋转喷嘴之间的竖直间隙既方便磨煤机检修,
又成倍地提高机壳内防磨衬板的寿命。
整体结构简单,安装容易,检修方便。
我厂旋转喷嘴结构图推广应用旋转喷嘴,经在秦皇岛电厂
运行鉴定,在华北地区成为节能的样板电厂。
3. Rotating nozzle
BPEG has developed nozzle technology and the first rotating nozzles are still in good running condition
for Ligang power plant in 1991 and 1992. Rotating nozzle is mainly used to change the aerodynamic field of
nozzle and reduce flow speed in the nozzle. The advantages of adopting rotating nozzle are as follows:
a) Uniform wear of Nozzles, to prolong the life 2-3 times than stationary nozzle;
b) For the rotation, the gas-particle eddy of outlet edge of blades goes up to upper level, adopting rotating
nozzle can not only reduces the wear of the outlet edge of blades but also reduces the wind resistance of
nozzle;
c) The vertical clearance between outer ring and nozzle can not only make mill maintenance convenient
but also multiply improve multiply wear life of the liners, and
d) The structure is simple, easy to install, easy maintenance.

四、国际先进的耐磨材料
1989 年我厂立项攻关耐磨材料。经大量基础性试验和生产性试验,相继为新海电厂、大坝电厂、秦皇
岛电厂提供了高铬材质的磨煤机衬板和辊套,取得了良好效果。大坝电厂一期、秦皇岛电厂其磨损都在
(10~7)mm/1000h 范围里,也就是说辊套单边寿命已超过 8000h,满足电厂对磨机的寿命要求。大坝电厂
二期 10 台 ZGM95G 中速磨辊套寿命均达到 20000 小时。
近年来,我厂在高铬铸铁工艺稳定性研究方面做了大量工作,保证耐磨材料(辊套)寿命在 12000h 以
上,同时又在研制寿命更长的耐磨材料。
4. Advanced wear-resistant materials in the world
BPEG approved and initiated the research project of wear-resistant materials in 1989, after a large
amount of basic experiments and production tests BPEG supplied roller tyres and liners of high-chromium

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material to Xinhai power plant, Daba power plant and Qinhuangdao power plant and achieved a good result.
The abrasion was only within 7 to 10 mm per 1000 hours, namely, the single side life of roller tyre is over 8000
hours and can meet the requirements of life of power plant. The life of roller tyres of total 10 sets of ZGM95
mill used in the second term power plant of Daba generally reached 20,000 hours.
In recent years, BPEG has done a lot of researches on processing stability of high-chromium materials
to ensure the life of wear-resistant materials of roller tyres over 12,000 hours, at the same time, BPEG also
does the further research and development work for wear-resistant materials of longer life.

五、与煤粉分配箱一体化设计的分离器
1)煤粉分配箱
磨煤机分离器上部设置煤粉分配箱,目的是为了使磨煤机几根出粉管中煤粉分配均匀,这对减少煤粉不
完全燃烧损失,十分有利。扩散型煤粉分配箱是中速磨机常用的一种分配箱,但是随着磨煤机出粉管数目的
增加,分配不均匀度也大大增加。使煤粉不完全燃烧损失增加,影响锅炉的技术经济指标。
我厂与北京钢铁学院(即现在北京科技大学)一起,对原扩散型煤粉分配箱进行改进试验研究,使新型
煤粉分配箱分配不均匀度缩小为 3%~5%,其分配精度提高很多,其压力损失小于 196Pa。这项成果获得了
国家专利。
2)静态分离器
磨煤机配套的粗粉分离器。从工作状态来讲就是静态与旋转两大类。我厂在引进 DBW 静态(离心式)分
离器基础开发出了新型静态分离器——即采用分离器与扩散型煤粉分配箱组合的设计,其经试验测试、分离
效果可达 R90=10~40%。
3)动静组合式旋转分离器
国际上 60 年代就已开发使用旋转分离器,最初是用来分离非金属粉末(出力小)的。随着旋转分离器
的规格和出力增大,移植到磨煤机上使用。
我厂提供给高碑店电厂 #3 炉的 MPS180 磨煤机配用的是静动组合式(本质上仍是旋转分离器)分离器,
该种分离器除了具有一般旋转分离器的优点(如结构紧凑,阻力较小等)外,调节范围更大、更灵活,细度
更细(R9=2~12%)而且分离器壳体和叶片磨损不大,寿命较长。这种分离器相继在钢铁、建材、电力等行
业运行,受到用户欢迎。

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5. Integrated design of separator with distribution box
1) The coal distribution box
The coal distribution box is set on the top of separator, so that the mill can get the coal particle from the
outlets of separator with uniform fineness, and reduce the loss of incomplete combustion of coal, the
distribution box of diffusion type is a general type used in coal mill, but along with the increase in the number
of outlet pipes, the non-uniformity of distribution also increases significantly. Uneven distribution of coal
particle will cause coal incomplete combustion loss increased and affect the technical and economic
indicators of boiler.
BPEG, together with Beijing Iron and Steel Institute (namely, Beijing Science and Technology University),
did some tests and studies of improvement on the original diffusion coal distribution box, the new type of coal
distribution box can achieve distribution uniformity of 3% to 5%, the accuracy of distribution increased
significantly, the pressure loss is less than 196 Pa. The results obtained national patent.
  
六、采用 ZGM磨煤机专用高启动转矩特种电机
我厂首批 5 台 ZGM95 磨煤机是为望亭电厂 #14 炉 300MW 机组配套。为了满足电厂对磨煤机驱动电机
启动转矩为 2.5 倍的要求,经我厂潜心研究,定子铁芯采用高导磁低损耗材料,IP54 级防护,试生产的 2 台
电机经过测试,达到了西门子电机的水平(见表 1)。
由于这种电机体积小,启动转矩很大(改善了启动性能,减少了启动过程中的热应力),配磨煤机等负
载大的设备时有很大的优越性(减少了运行事故,提高了电机寿命)。实际这么高的启动转矩即使在 75% 的
额定电压和磨煤机煤层厚度为 120mm 时也能迅速平稳启动。当时这种电机实属国内首创,后获国家科技进
步奖。

6. Adopting special high-starting torque motor equipped


for ZGM mill
The first batch of 5 units of ZGM95 mill is for #14 unit of
Wangting Power Plant with 300MW capacity. In order to meet the
requirements of power plant on drive motor starting torque of 2.5
times, BPEG concentrated on the study and adopted stator core
with high permeability and low loss material, IP54 class protection.
The 2 sets of pre-production motors reached the level of Siemens
motors via test. (See table 1).

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Because of the small in size, large starting torque (the starting performance can be improved, the
thermal stress will be reduced during start-up), it has a overwhelming superiority when equipped for mills and
other large loading equipments (Reducing operational accident, prolonging motor life), Actually such a high
starting torque that can it be smoothly and quickly started even at 75% of the rated voltage and with coal
thickness of 120mm, BPEG is the pioneer who can produce this kind of motor in China. BPEG won the
National Science and Technology Progress Award later.
  
七、采用机械和密封风组合的密封装置
当正压运行时,ZGM 磨煤机有多处需要密封,目的是为了防止磨煤机内煤粉向外泄露污染环境。如机
座与传动轭之间的密封装置,就是采用机械(碳精密封环)和密封风组合的方式。这种密封装置结构紧凑,
密封效果好,寿命也长,检修方便。当负压运行时,采用迷宫式密封结构(由镶铜片的迷宫环、迷宫支架及
密封环等组成)。
7. Adopting combination method of mechanical and sealing air for sealing device
ZGM mill needs sealing in several points, when running in positive pressure condition, so that it can
prevent the leakage of coal particle and pollution of the environment. For example, the sealing device
between bottom housing and yoke just is the combination method of mechanical (carbon seal ring) and
sealing air. This kind of sealing device has advantages of compact structure, good sealing effect, long life
and easy maintenance. When the mill is running in negative pressure, the sealing device will adopt labyrinth
seal structure (composed of labyrinth seal ring mounted with copper sheets, labyrinth support and sealing
ring etc.).
  
八、检修方式
1) 磨煤机总是需要定期检修,尤其是耐磨件,磨损到一定
程度必须更换。目前,我厂 ZGM 磨煤机采用两种检修方式:一
种是先将分离器拆除,然后进行内部检修,这种检修方式是空间
大,操作方便;另一种是用专用工具将磨辊依次从检修大门水平
翻出,再进行检修,这种方式省掉拆分离器,但内部检修空间小,
操作不灵活。两种方式均安全可靠,但各自都有优缺点,尤其是
前者减少空间作业时间,检修人员的安全更容易得到保证,并受
到诸多电厂的认同,用户可自行选择其中一种。

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2) 辊套成楔形拆装方式,可进行冷态拆装,更加方便检修。
3) 碳精密封装置为外部可拆装的形式,不必顶起传动盘,拆下密封装置壳体就可更换碳精密封环,极
大地方便了检修。

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8. Maintenance method
1) The mills always require regular maintenance, especially the wear parts, wear and tear to a certain
extent, must be replaced. There are two maintenance methods for ZGM mill: one is to remove separator first,
then do the internal maintenance, this maintenance method is easy to operate and has a large operation
space; another is to turn inside out the rollers from maintenance door using special tools, and then repair,
this method saves time used to remove the separator, but the maintenance space is limited and operation
is not flexible. Two methods are safe and reliable, but each has advantages and disadvantages, especially
the former, saves time of operations, the safety of maintenance personnel more easily be guaranteed, and
is accepted by many power plants, the customer can choose every one of them according to the actual
condition.
2) Wedge-shaped structure of disassembly and assembly method of roller tyre, can be disassembled
without heating, maintenance is more convenient.
3) Carbon sealing device can be disassembled from outside, it’s not necessary to jack the yoke up,
and can be replaced after removed the sealing shell, which greatly facilitates the maintenance.

九、磨辊有三个运动的自由度
磨辊有绕着辊轴自转、随压架上下起伏、水平径向 15 度角摆动三个方向运动的自由度,通过碾压、挤
压、摆动,一来可以提高碾磨的效率,二来可补偿辊套和衬板局部磨损后的型线失真,磨损后期出力下降少,
通过增大加载力,磨损后期处理下降仅为 5%;三来通过摆动可有助于排三块。
9. Roller with movement of three degrees of freedom
Roller has three degrees of freedom, first is rotating around its axis, second is fluctuating under the
loading frame’s movement, and third is wiggling in horizontal radial of 15 degrees, which can improve the
grinding efficiency, compensate the distortion of liner-type, and reduce the loss of output in worn condition,
by grinding, extrusion and wiggling. The loss of output in worn condition is only 5% through increasing loading
pressure; at the same time, wiggle is conducive to discharge pyrites, wood and stones.

十、采用大辊径低转速设计
同其它种类的中速磨比较,在同样的磨盘直径下,ZGM 磨煤机的磨辊直径大、宽度大、转速低,因而
磨运行平稳,振动小,抗三块(石块、木块、铁块)能力强。煤块容易咬入,适应煤质广,号称中速磨中的
“筒磨”。
10. Adopting a design of large diameter and low-speed of roller
Comparing to other kinds of medium speed mill, ZGM mill’s roller has a bigger diameter and width,

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lower rotation speed, so the mill can be run smoothly with lower vibration and a better capability for
discharging pyrites, wood and stones. Easy to bite into the coal, wide applicability to coal, so ZGM mill is
called the "tube mill" of medium speed mill.

十一、渣量小
由于 ZGM 磨煤机以上的特点,喷嘴环的风速相对较高,碾磨件对煤种及三块的适应性和碾磨性很强,甚
至能够将煤矸石磨碎成粉,所以排渣量很小,理论排渣量为磨煤机出力的 0.05%。
排渣系统可采用人工或半人工方式,不必采用水力排渣等自动化方式,减少了工人的劳动强度,节省排
渣系统的投资成本。
11. Lesser slag
Due to the above features of ZGM mill: nozzle with relatively high wind speed, wide applicability for coal
and better capability for discharging pyrites, wood and stones, and good grinding capability, even the coal
gangue can be grinded particle, so the amount of slag is lesser, in theory, the discharge is only 0.05% of raw
coal flow.
The discharging system can be manual or semi-manually, it’s not necessary to use waterpower
discharging method, it can not only reduce the labor intensity but also save the investment cost for
discharging system.

十二、满足带载和空载启动
由于 ZGM 磨煤机采用本厂特制高启动转矩特种电机,即便煤层厚度在 120mm 且高加载力的情况下也能
迅速平稳启动。其优点在于紧急停磨后不需要磨盘清理即可带载启动,减轻工作劳动强度。
由于采用液压变加载技术,提升磨辊,然后首次启动磨煤机,形成空载启动。其优点在于启动时齿轮箱
承载减小,从而有利于推力瓦油膜的建立,有效延长了推力瓦的寿命。
12. Start-up with load or no-load
As ZGM mill uses the special motor of high starting torque produced by BPEG, even at the thickness
of coal 120mm and high loading force, ZGM mill can start smoothly and quickly. The advantage is that the
mill can start with load after an emergency stop without cleaning off the coal on grinding table, which can
reduce the labor intensity of work.
As ZGM mill uses a technology of hydraulic variable loading, to lift up the rollers and then start the mill
for the first time with no-load, which can reduce the carrying capacity of gearbox, do good to the forming of
oil film, and prolong the life of thrust bearing.

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Table 1 - 1 ZGM COAL MILL SPECIFICATIONS (BASIC TYPE)

Note: 1. When product fineness is lower than 12% or the evenness index is higher than 1.15, BPEG recommends to use Dynamic classifier.
2. Load per Roller: the first number is maximum load per roller, the second number is the maximum value recommended for normal running
condition
3. The mill basic output, B0, is the output of mill adopting manufacturer’s standard and grinding standard coal.
4. The mill basic output, B1, is the output of mill adopting power industry standard DL/T 5145-2002 and grinding standard coal.

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21
Table 1 - 2 ZGM COAL MILL SPECIFICATIONS (I TYPE)

Note: 1. When product fineness is lower than 12% or the evenness index is higher than 1.15, BPEG recommends to use Dynamic classifier.
2. Load per Roller: the first number is maximum load per roller, the second number is the maximum value recommended for normal
running condition
3. The mill basic output, B0, is the output of mill adopting manufacturer’s standard and grinding standard coal.
4. The mill basic output, B1, is the output of mill adopting power industry standard DL/T 5145-2002 and grinding standard coal.
Table 1 - 3 ZGM COAL MILL SPECIFICATIONS (II TYPE)

Note: 1. When product fineness is lower than 12% or the evenness index is higher than 1.15, BPEG recommends to use Dynamic classifier.
2. Load per Roller: the first number is maximum load per roller, the second number is the maximum value recommended for normal running
condition
3. The mill basic output, B0, is the output of mill adopting manufacturer’s standard and grinding standard coal.
4. The mill basic output, B1, is the output of mill adopting power industry standard DL/T 5145-2002 and grinding standard coal.

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Table 1 - 3 ZGM COAL MILL SPECIFICATIONS (III TYPE)

Note: 1. When product fineness is lower than 12% or the evenness index is higher than 1.15, BPEG recommends to use Dynamic classifier.
2. Load per Roller: the first number is maximum load per roller, the second number is the maximum value recommended for normal running
condition
3. The mill basic output, B0, is the output of mill adopting manufacturer’s standard and grinding standard coal.
4. The mill basic output, B1, is the output of mill adopting power industry standard DL/T 5145-2002 and grinding standard coal.
产品业绩 Reference List
Add: No.12 Haotian Street, Liangxiang, Fangshan District, Beijing, 102401, China
Tel: +86 10 69372536 69373171 69372516
Fax: +86 10 69376904
E-mail: lym@bpeg.cn hzf@bpeg.cn xj@bpeg.cn xiaoyu@bpeg.cn
Website: www.bpeg.cn