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Lesson Plan

Grade 8
English

Learning Competencies:
EN8V-IIh-10.1.4: Identify figure of speech that show emphasis (hyperbole and litotes).

I. Objectives

At the end of the discussion, the students are expected to:


a. identify and define hyperbole and litotes;
b. give importance of figures of speech in the literature;
c. spot the figure of speech used in the literary piece.

II. Subject Matter

Topic: Figures of speech that shows Emphasis (hyperbole and litotes)


Values: Appreciation
Materials: Visual Aids, print-outs, chalk, paper and pen
References: https://essayscam.org/forum/rt/hyperbole-litotes-language-4015/
https://www.slideshare.net/hyled/litotes?next_slideshow=1
III. Procedure

A. Classroom Routine
1. Prayer
2. Greetings, Cleanliness and Orderliness
3. Checking of Attendance

B. Activity (Search Me)

The teacher will project in front a word puzzle. With the help of the guide questions given below,
the students will search for the words horizontally, vertically and diagonally.
S Z L K J H G F D S
Q I R O N Y A S W Q
W Q M X C R W W L M
E A G I U P S I J
R W G A L V E C T U
A S H O B E R X O U
S D J B I O S X T Y
H Y P E R B O L E Y
D R K F R E N W S G
F F L I D T I M N F
Z V Z X C H F N A D
X B X O A Q I G S A
C G C E Z W C E Q Q
V T V T E S A Q A I
P J B G X W T S E E
O Y N V V E I C I R
I H M S D O Y U F
U T R E W Q N Y O V

1. An exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.


2. An ironic understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its
contrary.
3. A comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind, used to make a
description more emphatic or vivid.
4. the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning
5. the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman,
or the representation of an abstract quality in human form

C. Analysis

Guide questions presentations of answers.

 What do you think is the term of all these words that you have searched?

D. Abstraction

The teacher will discuss about figures of speech mainly hyperbole and litotes.
Figures of speech - a word or phrase used in a non-literal sense for rhetorical or vivid effect.

Hyperbole - is an exaggerated phrase used in writing that is not meant to be taken literally.

Example:

 I am dying of shame.
 My grandmother is as old as the hills.
 I am trying to solve a million issues these days.

Hyperbole Cafe

Welcome to our restaurant


Where everything's gigantic.
A hundred waiters hold one dish.
Our kitchen can get frantic.
Our soup is deeper than the sea.
Our noodles stretch a mile.
The bread is longer that a train.
It's sure to make you smile.
We pile our peas up mountain high.
One cookie can hide the moon.
We pour our iced tea into boats.
We hope you'll visit us soon

Litotes – is an understatement, especially that which an affirmative is expressed by negative of


its contrary, as in “not bad at all”

Examples:
 She’s not the sharpest tool in the shed
 They do not seem the happiest couple around
 The ice cream was not too bad

E. Application

Identify and underline the figures of speech use in the poem.

Appetite:

In a house the size of a postage stamp


Lived a man as big as a barge.
His mouth could drink the entire river
You could say it was rather large
For dinner he would eat a trillion beans
And a silo full of grain,
Washed it down with a tanker of milk
As if he were a drain.

IV. Assessment

Identify whether the statement is hyperbole or litotes.

1. James is growing so fast, soon he'll be taller than the trees.


2. My backpack weighed a ton.
3. Ten thousand dollars is not an inconsiderable sum of money,
4. I am so tired I could sleep for a year.
5. Thank you, ma’am, you won’t regret it
6. James runs faster than a speeding bullet.
7. He’s not the friendliest person.
8. The two concepts are not unlike each other.
9. I’m so sad that I’m drowning in tears.
10. They aren’t unhappy with the presentation.
11. His classmates laughed at him, saying he had a pea-sized brain.
12. You are not as young as you used to be.
13. The blacksmith’s hand was harder than the rock.
14. You’re apartment is not unclean.
15. The old man was older than the Himalayas.

V. Assignment

Read in advance about the other types of figures of speech Simile and Personification