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Physical Education and Health: Sports



When a sports is being played in singles, doubles or team, it is known as

individual, dual and team sports. It needs individual and team effort to
develop coordination, timing and teamwork. For the student to enjoy the
game, one must participate actively and should follow the rules and
At the end of the module, the student is expected to:
1. Acquire the basic skills in playing badminton
2. Develop the basic skills in playing dual sports through the scientific
3. Develop the character of students such as self-discipline, cooperation and

Badminton is one of the most enjoyable racket games that can be played by
male and female of any age or skill level. You need quick reflexes and a
physically fit body in order to cope with the game.
Badminton is considered as dual sports played in singles and in doubles. The
primary objective is to hit the shuttlecock over the net towards the
opponent’s floor court in such a way that it cannot be legally returned. This is
being played over the net using a shuttlecock and a racket.
The first player/s who first reach/es 21 points wins a game.

History of Badminton
Origin and Development
It was over 2000 years ago in China where the early form of the game was
played: a very similar game called Battledore.
Badminton first originated in India during the 18th century where it was
known as Poona. The British army officers were very much fascinated by the
game and so they introduced it in England sometime between 1870 and
1880. In England, the game was introduced at the Duke of Beaufort’s summer
home of badminton in Gloucestershire, England from where the game
received its international recognition. It was played on an hour-glass shaped
court which remained unchanged until 1901, when the court was converted
into a rectangle which is used until now.

Course Module
Before long, badminton clubs and association were formed throughout
England and in 1893, the first Badminton Association was formed. In 1899,
the All England Open Badminton Championship was held, the first ever
badminton competition in the world. It was eventually migrated to
continental Europe and it reached India via British military officers and
Indonesia by way of Dutch colonists. Through this expansion comes the
formation of the International Badminton Federation (IBF) in 1934. It is the
governing body for International Cup Events.
It was in 1948 when the Premier International Men’s team Thomas Cup was
established and the Uber Cup which is the counterpart for women’s
competition, founded in 1956.
The game was presented as a demonstration sport in 1977 in Munich,
Germany Olympic Games and accepted as an Olympic Medal Sports in 1985.
In 1989, mixed doubles event began with the Sudiman Cup.
In the Philippines, the Badminton Association of the Philippines governed the
game. It is responsible for the promotion and the development of the game in
the country
The BAP is also the body that provides Filipino players competing in
international competitions representing the country. It promotes the game
by conducting local, as well as international, competitions, sponsor seminars
and clinics to aspiring players and technical officials.

Facilities and Equipment

Badminton Playing Court
The official court measures 44 feet long by 22 feet wide for double game and
44 feet long by 17 feet wide for single game.

There are two service areas on each side of the net, the right and left service
courts, bounded by a line running parallel to the net called the short service
Physical Education and Health: Sports

Floor surface is, traditionally, composed of wood, but many synthetic and
plastic courts have been developed. The line shall easily be distinguishable
and preferably be in white or yellow in color.
The Post should be 1.55 meters in height.

The Net
The net shall be made of fine cord of dark color and even thickness with a
mesh of not less than 15 mm and not more than 20 mm.
- The net should be 760 mm in depth and at least 6.1 m wide
- 1.524 m height of the net at the center of the court
- 1.55 m over the side lines for doubles

The racket is 680mm in overall length and 230mm in overall width. Most
quality rackets are now made of steel, aluminum, carbon, graphite and
titanium. The overall dimension of a racket cannot exceed 26 ¾ inches in
length, 9 inches in width and 11 ½ inches in head length.

Course Module
The main racket parts are called the handle, the stringed area, the head, the
shaft and throat and the frame.

Shuttlecocks or shuttle comes in two types: the feathered and the synthetic.
Synthetic shuttle are suitable for recreational games but feathered or official
shuttlecocks must weigh from 4.74 to 5.50 grams with 14 to 16 feathers.

The shuttle shall have 16 feathers fixed in the base. The feathers can have a
variable length from 64mm to 70mm. The tips of the feathers shall form
58mm to 68mm. The base shall be 25mm to 28mm in diameter, rounded on
the bottom.