Está en la página 1de 45

DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING

GUDLAVALLERU ENGINEERING COLLEGE


(An Autonomous Institute with Permanent Affiliation to JNTUK, Kakinada)
(Accredited By NAAC with ‘A’ Grade)
Seshadhri Rao Knowledge Village, GUDLAVALLERU – 521 356

RESPONSE OF MULTI-STOREYED RESIDENTIAL BUILDING


AGAINST EARTHQUAKE FORCES
Submitted by:
I.SRINIVAS (15485A0120)
Project Guide:
N.SURESH (15485A0130)
Dr. P.KODANDA RAMA RAO
K.VINEELA SAI (15485A0123) Professor & HoD
K.KARTHIK (14481A0174)
J.PRATHAP REDDY (14481A0162)
CONTENTS
ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVE
SOFT STOREY
PRESENTATION OF PROBLEM
MODELING OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
PRELIMINARY DATA
PRELIMINARY STATIC ANALYSIS
SEISMIC ANALYSIS
LUMPED MASS SYSTEM
MASS AND STIFFNESS MATRIXS
MAT LAB ANALYSIS
RESULTS
CONCLUSION
REFERENCE
ABSTRACT
The Effective design and construction of earthquake resisting structures have
much greater importance in all over the world. Major metropolitan cities in India have
registered exponential growth of population resulting construction of many High-Rise
Buildings. As the Earthquakes are the most catastrophic natural hazards related to
ongoing tectonic processes which occur sudden and destruction takes place in few minutes.
Structures on the earth are generally subjected to two types of load static and
dynamic. Static loads are constant with time while dynamic loads are time- varying. In
general, the majority of civil engineering structures are designed with the assumption
that all applied loads are static. The effect of dynamic load is not considered because
the structure is rarely subjected to dynamic loads, This feature of neglecting the
dynamic forces may sometimes become the cause of disaster, particularly, in case of
Earthquake.
ABSTRACT
In High-Rise Buildings the Soft stories play an important role on its seismic
performance. At the soft storey level, there is a discontinuity in the rigidity of the
structure due to lack of infill walls or due to variation in floor height. It is this
continuity which is the cause of structural failure of multi stored buildings under
earthquake loads. Severe structural damage suffered by several modern buildings
during recent earthquakes illustrates the importance of avoiding sudden changes in
lateral stiffness and strength.
Infilled frame structures are commonly used in buildings. Masonry infilled RC
frames are the most common type of structures used for multi-storied constructions in the
developing countries, even in those which are located in seismically active regions also,
Masonry infill walls are mainly used to increase initial stiffness and strength of
reinforced concrete (RC) frame buildings.
ABSTRACT
In this project the Response of Multi-storied residential building is
carried out against earthquake forces by assuming that the structure is
located in zone-III using MAT Lab analysis by considering the structure is
without infill walls and with soft storey, with infill walls and with soft
storey, without infill walls and without soft storey, & with infill walls and
without soft storey. In which by obtaining Time period, Frequency, Base
shear, Displacement, Storey drift.
INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this project is to introduce the Response of Multi-storied
residential building against Earthquake forces, the Reinforced concrete frame
buildings are the most common type of constructions in urban India, which are subjected
to several types of forces during their lifetime, such as static forces due to dead and live
loads and dynamic forces due to wind and earthquakes. The response of buildings under
dynamic forces depends upon the dynamic characteristics of buildings which are
controlled by both their mass and stiffness properties.
The natural disasters have been fast recurring all over the world causing great
concern and damage to man and his properties. While the disasters like Earthquake,
Volcanoes, Floods, Cyclones etc are mostly tutored by the dynamically active earth and
the atmosphere. Among these disasters Earthquake is an endogenous natural disaster,
which occurs suddenly without any warning. Depending upon the magnitude and
intensity, bulk of destruction takes place with a short duration of time.
INTRODUCTION
The primary objective of earthquake resistant design is to prevent building
collapse during earthquakes thus minimizing the risk of death or injury to people
in or around those buildings. Earthquake forces are generated by the dynamic
response of the building to earthquake induced ground motion. The importance of
dynamic effects in structural response depends on the rate of change of external
forces and the dynamic properties of structures. Dynamic responses are stresses,
strains, displacement, acceleration etc.
So the main aim of the code is to withstand earthquake such that
complete collapse of structure is prevented, which ensures that no human life is lost.
This requires an estimation of acceleration, velocity, displacement, frequency and
duration of maximum strong ground motion which occurs at the site.
OBJECTIVE
The main focus of the project is to analysis the residential building
against earthquake forces.
To determine the base shear, time period, storey-displacements and
storey-drifts for each storey of a multi-storied residential building.
To make a study of multi-storied residential building by considering
with soft storey and without infill walls, with soft storey and without
infill walls, without soft storey and without infill walls, & without soft
storey and with infill walls
SOFT STOREY
It is the one which the lateral stiffness is less than 70 percent of that in the
storey above or less than 80 percent of the average lateral stiffness of the three storey’s
above.
By Providing Stiff Column at Open Ground Storey Stiffness of column is
directly proportional to its load carrying capacity i.e. higher the stiffness, higher is the
load carrying capacity. Stiffness can be increased by increasing the size of these loads
carrying member as they are able to bear the excessive load during earthquake.

Distribution of total displacement generated by an earthquake in: (a) Regular


building; and (b) A Building with soft story irregularity
PRESENTATION OF PROBLEM
Many High Rise structures are expected in the new city in future. This area
falls under seismic zone III, and covered by various types of structures are to be
developing for the purpose of Residential, Commercial, Office, hospital, school, collage,
etc are to be forming with different components like soft stories, infill walls, etc. which
are to be analyzed by considering earthquake forces.
In the present study, The Response against Earthquake forces of a Multi-
storied Residential building which is assuming to be located in newly formed capital of
Andhra Pradesh i.e., Amaravati which is under seismic zone III of severe condition
with hard rock soil strata and designed as Ordinary RC Moment Resisting Frame
(OMRF) and assuming with 5% damping. The analysis is done by considering the
Multi-storied Residential Building without infill walls and with soft storey, with
infill walls and with soft storey, without infill walls and without soft storey, with infill
walls and without soft storey.
MODELING OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDING

MODEL 1: Without Infill walls and With Soft Storey

MODEL 2: With Infill walls and With Soft Storey

MODEL 3: Without Infill walls and Without Soft Storey

MODEL 4: With Infill walls and Without Soft Storey


PLAN AND GEOMETRY OF STRUCTURE
MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF MULTI-STORIED
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING

Layout Plan Intermediate cross frame


PRELIMINARY DATA
Column sizes = 0.23x0.45 m
Transverse Beam sizes = 0.23x0.4 m
Longitudinal Beam size= 0.23X0.35 m
Thickness of Slab = 0.12 m
Number of Stories = 10 (G+9)
Height of Storey = 3.5 m
Bay width along Y-direction = 34.73 meters
Bay width along X-direction = 21.34 meters
Thickness of outer and infill walls = 0.23 m
Thickness of partition walls = 0.115m
Dimensions of doors D = 1.2x2.1 m
Dimensions of doors D2 = 1.0 x2.
0 m
Dimensions of windows W = 1.2x1.5 m
Support condition = Fixed
Input to the analysis = MAT Lab
PRELIMINARY DATA
Loading parameters
1. Dead Load
Floor finish= 1 kN/m2
Terrace finish = 1 kN/m2
2. Live Load
Live load on Floor = 3 kN/m2
Live load on Terrace = 2 kN/m2
For Seismic loading only 25% of the imposed load is considered i.e., As per IS 1893(part1)
the Imposed Uniformity Distributed Floor Loads up to and including 3.0 kN/m2 the Percentage
of Imposed Load must consider is 25. The imposed load on Roof need not to be considered for
calculating the design seismic forces
PRELIMINARY DATA
Miscellaneous Data:
Various details required for carrying out the analysis have been summarized as below:
Grade of concrete is assumed as M30 for columns, slabs and beams
Grade of steel is taken as Fe 415
Unit weight of RCC is 25 kN/m3
Unit weight of brick work is 20 kN/m3 (including plastering)
Material Properties:
Concrete
All components unless specified in design: M30 Grade, the young’s modules of concrete is
Ec
=5
0
00

fk
N/
m
m2
=5
0
0
0f
√M
N2
/
m
c
k c
k

= 27386.12 kN/mm2 = 27386.12 MN/m2


Steel
HYSD reinforcement of grade Fe 415 confirming to IS 1786 is used throughout.
PRELIMINARY STATIC ANALYSIS

Equivalent Load distribution from slab


Load calculation sheet prepared for critical column D2:

Load Load Load Load Self


Total Grand
Elevation From beam From beam From beam From beam Weight of
Load Total
(m) D1 D2 D2 D3 C2 D2 D2 E2 Column
(kN) (kN)
(kN) (kN) (kN) (kN) (kN)

35 28.91 13.377 30.133 30.133 8.02 110.573 110.57


31.5 62.62 34.705 66.767 66.767 8.02 238.879 349.45
28 62.62 34.705 66.767 66.767 8.02 238.879 588.33
24.5 62.62 34.705 66.767 66.767 8.02 238.879 827.21
21 62.62 34.705 66.767 66.767 8.02 238.879 1066.09
17.5 62.62 34.705 66.767 66.767 8.02 238.879 1304.97
14 62.62 34.705 66.767 66.767 8.02 238.879 1543.85
10.5 62.62 34.705 66.767 66.767 8.02 238.879 1782.73
7 62.62 34.705 66.767 66.767 8.02 238.879 2021.61
3.5 62.62 34.705 66.767 66.767 8.02 238.879 2260.48
TOTAL LOAD 2260.48

The load on the critical column is 2261 kN


SEISMIC ANALYSIS
Zone factor (Z)
It is a factor to obtain the design spectrum based on maximum seismic risk in the zone in
which the structure is located. Simply, zone factor is to estimate the effective peak ground
acceleration. Based on seismic intensity, zone factor is given.
From Table 2 of IS: 1893(part1):2002
Zone Factor

Seismic Zone V IV III II


Z 0.36 0.24 0.16 0.10

The proposed residential building is analyzing under Zone III.


Z=0.16
Structural Response Factor (Sa
/
g
)
It is a factor which exhibits the acceleration response spectrum of the structure
subjected to earthquake ground vibrations. Structural response factor depends on
fundamental natural period and damping of the structure. Spectral response factor is
obtained from IS 1893 (Part1) : 2002 in which soil is divided into 3 categories named
Type I (Rock or Hard soil),
Type II (Medium soil), and
Type III (Soft soil).
The proposed residential building is analyzing under Type I (Hard soil).

Multiplying factor:
The multiplying factor is taken as 1.0 for 5% damping of residential building
Response Spectrum
Fundamental natural period is the first modal time period of vibration.
Approximate fundamental natural period of vibration, (Ta) = 0.09ℎ/√𝑑
As per IS 1893 (part 1) : 2002
Where, h = Height of building in m
d = Base dimension of the building at the plinth level, in m, along the
considered direction of the lateral force.

Response spectra for rock and soil sites for 5 percent damping
Importance factor (I)
It is a factor used to obtain the design seismic force depending on the
functional use of the structure. It is based on hazardous consequences of its failure, its
post-earthquake functional need, historic value or economic importance. Importance
factor is nothing but to improve the seismic resistivity of the building by increasing
value of design horizontal acceleration coefficient (Ah ).Im portance factor i
s m oref or
cinem a ha llsa nd s
ch oolse t
c .becau seitsfa il
u reinvolves l
oss ofso m any lives.I
t is
tak en fro m IS :1893(P art1):
20 02
Importance factor

The importance factor of residential building is = 1.0


Response Reduction Factor (R)
It is the factor by which the actual base shear force, that would be generated if the structure
were to remain elastic during its response to the Design Basis Earthquake (DBE) shaking,
shall be reduced to obtain the design lateral force. Response reduction factors taken from IS:
1893(Part1):2002.

As the 10 storied residential building is considered as an ordinary RC moment resisting


frame (OMRF),
The value of Response Reduction Factor is taken as 3.0
Design Seismic Base Shear
The total design lateral force or design seismic base shear (VB
)
a
l
on
ga
n
y
p
r
in
c
i
p
al
d
i
r
e
c
ti
o
ns
ha llbe d e
te r
m ined by th e foll
o wing exp res
sion
VB
=
A
h*
W
Where,
Ah
=
De
s
ig
n
h
o
ri
z
o
nt
a
l
ac
c
e
le
r
a
t
i
on
s
p
ec
t
r
u
mv
a
l
ue
W = Seismic weight of building
Here, Ah
=
(Z
/
2
)𝐼
𝑅
x
(
/)
x
(𝑆
𝑔
/
)
a
Z = Zone factor
I = Importance factor
R = Response reduction factor
𝑆a
𝑔
/
=Av
e
r
a
ge
r
e
sp
o
n
s
ea
c
c
e
le
r
a
t
i
on
c
o
ef
f
i
c
i
en
t
,
I
ti
sd
e
p
e
n
di
n
g
up
o
nT
i
m
ep
e
r
i
od
a
n
dt
y
p
eo
f
so
i
l
RESPONSE OF MULTI-STORIED RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
AGAINST EARTHQUAKE FORCES
Lumped Mass System

Free body diagram of multi-storied residential building


SEISMIC WEIGHTS BY LUMPED MASS SYSTEM
Weight calculations of Dead Loads
Weight of column (on Terrace) = 25x0.23x0.45x888x(3.5-0.4)/2 = 352.935 kN
Weight of column (on Floor) = 25x0.23x0.45x88x(3.5-0.4) = 705.87 kN
Weight of beams (Transverse + Longitudinal) = 25x0.23x(0.4-0.12)x(21.34x9+18.84x2)+25x0.23x(0.35-0.12)x(34.73x8) = 737.324
kN
Weight of outfill walls (on Terrace) = 20x0.23x(2x29.7)x(3.5-0.35)/2+20x0.23x(2x17)x(3.5-0.35)/2 =672.773 kN
Weight of outfill walls (on Floor) = 20x0.23x(2x29.7)x(3.5-0.35)+20x0.23x(2x17)x(3.5-0.35) =1345.546 kN
Weight of infill walls (on Terrace) =
20x0.23x(2x29.7+2x23.4+2x12.9)x(3.5-0.35)/2+20x0.23x(3x17+6x12)x(3.5-0.4)/2+20x0.115x(2.1x12)x(3.5-0.12)/2+20x0.115x(2.5x4)
x(3.5-0.4)/2 = 1966.933 kN
Weight of infill walls (on Floor) =
20x0.23x(2x29.7+2x23.4+2x12.9)x(3.5-0.35)+20x0.23x(3x17+6x12)x(3.5-0.4)+20x0.115x(2.1x12)x(3.5-0.12)+20x0.115x(2.5x4)x(3.5-
0.4) = 3933.866 kN
Floor area = 34.73x21.34-2x(2.5x6.39+2.5x4.36) = 687.40 m2
Weight of slab = 25x687.40x0.12 = 2062.20 kN
Weight of terrace finishing = 1x687.40 = 687.40 kN
Weight of floor finishing = 1x687.40 = 687.40 kN
Weight calculations of Live Loads
Weight of Live load on Terrace = 0 kN
Weight of Live load on Floor = 25% of 3x687.40 = 2062.20x25/100 = 515.55 kN
MASS AND STIFFNESS VALUES OF MULTI- STORIED
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
MODAL 1 WITHOUT INFILL WALLS AND WITH SOFT STOREY
MASS MATRIX

548.53 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 617.11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 617.11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 617.11 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 617.11 0 0 0 0 0
[m]=
0 0 0 0 0 617.11 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 617.11 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 617.11 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 617.11 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 460
MASS AND STIFFNESS VALUES OF MULTI- STORIED
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
MODAL 1 WITHOUT INFILL WALLS AND WITH SOFT STOREY
STIFFNESS MATRIX

45.991 -44.295 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

-44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0 0


[K]= 106x
0 0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -44.295 44.295
MASS AND STIFFNESS VALUES OF MULTI- STORIED
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
MODAL 2 WITH INFILL WALLS AND WITH SOFT STOREY
MASS MATRIX

749.03 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 1018.16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 1018.16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 1018.16 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 1018.16 0 0 0 0 0
[m]=
0 0 0 0 0 1018.16 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 1018.16 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1018.16 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1018.16 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 660.5
MASS AND STIFFNESS VALUES OF MULTI- STORIED
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
MODAL 2 WITH INFILL WALLS AND WITH SOFT STOREY
STIFFNESS MATRIX

149.228 -147.53 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

-147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0 0


[K]= 106x
0 0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -147.53 147.53
MASS AND STIFFNESS VALUES OF MULTI- STORIED
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
MODAL 3 WITHOUT INFILL WALLS AND WITHOUT SOFT STOREY
MASS MATRIX

617.11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 617.11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 617.11 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 617.11 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 617.11 0 0 0 0 0
[m]=
0 0 0 0 0 617.11 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 617.11 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 617.11 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 617.11 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 460
MASS AND STIFFNESS VALUES OF MULTI- STORIED
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
MODAL 3 WITHOUT INFILL WALLS AND WITHOUT SOFT STOREY
STIFFNESS MATRIX

88.590 -44.295 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

-44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0 0


[K]= 106x
0 0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -44.295 88.590 -44.295

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -44.295 44.295
MASS AND STIFFNESS VALUES OF MULTI- STORIED
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
MODAL 4 WITH INFILL WALLS AND WITHOUT SOFT STOREY
MASS MATRIX

1018.16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 1018.16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 1018.16 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 1018.16 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 1018.16 0 0 0 0 0
[m]=
0 0 0 0 0 1018.16 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 1018.16 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1018.16 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1018.16 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 660.5
MASS AND STIFFNESS VALUES OF MULTI- STORIED
RESIDENTIAL BUILDING
MODAL 4 WITH INFILL WALLS AND WITHOUT SOFT STOREY
STIFFNESS MATRIX

295.07 -147.53 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

-147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0 0


[K]= 106x
0 0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53 0

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -147.53 295.07 -147.53

0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 -147.53 147.53
MAT LAB ANALYSIS
MAT Lab software is used to analyze the Response of Multi-storied Residential
Building against Earthquake Forces by introducing the Mass Matrixes and Stiffness
Matrixes as program input for the Model 1, Model 2, Model 3, Model 4 and then the free
Time Period, Frequency, Base Shear,
vibration analysis is carried out, therefore the Results
Displacement, Storey Drift are obtained for the four models are compared
The MAT Lab Program input and Results obtained as output for Modal 1 Without
Infill walls and With Soft storey was presented in APPENDIX of documentation
The output results of MAT Lab analysis were obtained for the four cases
i.e.,
1) Case 1 : Without Infill walls and With Soft storey
2) Case 2 : With Infill walls and With Soft storey
3) Case 3 : Without Infill walls and Without Soft storey
4) Case 4 : With Infill walls and Without Soft storey
RESULTS
TIME PERIOD
The Time periods of the multistoried residential building for the four cases at were
represented below
RESULTS OF FUNDAMENTAL TIME PERIOD
S/no Type of Structure Time period (Sec)
1 Case 1 0.393
2 Case 2 0.480
3 Case 3 0.153
4 Case 4 0.107

RESULTS OF FUNDAMENTAL TIME PERIOD


0.5 0.480
0.393
0.4
Time period (Sec)

0.3
RESULTS OF
0.2 0.153 FUNDAMENTAL TIME
0.107 PERIOD
0.1

0
Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4

Type of Structure
RESULTS
FREQUENCY
The Frequency’s of the multistoried residential building for the four cases at were
represented below
RESULTS OF FUNDAMENTAL OF FREQUENCY
S/no Type of Structure Frequency (Hz)
1 Case 1 84.312
2 Case 2 120.004
3 Case 3 84.369
4 Case 4 119.993

RESULTS OF FUNDAMENTAL FREQUENCY

140
120 119.993
120
100 84.312 84.369
Frequency (Hz)

80 RESULTS OF
60 FUNDAMENTAL
FREQUENCY
40
20
0
Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4
Type of Structure
RESULTS
BASE SHEAR
The Base shears of the multistoried residential building for the four cases at were
represented below
RESULTS OF FUNDAMENTAL OF BASE SHEAR
S/no Type of Structure Base shear (kN)
1 Case 1 395.665
2 Case 2 530.956
3 Case 3 359.258
4 Case 4 580.605

RESULTS OF BASE SHEAR


600
580.605
530.956
500
395.665 359.258
Base shear (kN)

400
300
RESULTS OF BASE
200 SHEAR
100
0
Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4
Type of Structure
RESULTS
STOREY DISPLACEMENTS
The displacements of the multistoried residential building for the four cases at various
storey levels are represented below
CUMULATIVE STOREY DISPLACEMENT CUMULATIVE STOREY DISPLACEMENT FOR
FOR CASE 1 CASE 2
11 11
10 10
9 9
8 8
7 7

STOREY NO
STOREY NO

6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1 1
0 0
-1 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5
CUMULATIVE DISPLACEMENT (mm) CUMULATIVE DISPLACEMENT (mm)
RESULTS
STOREY DISPLACEMENTS
The displacements of the multistoried residential building for the four cases at various
storey levels are represented below

CUMULATIVE STOREY DISPLACEMENT FOR CUMULATIVE STOREY DISPLACEMENT FOR


CASE 3 CASE 4
11 11

10 10
9 9
8 8
7 7
STOREY NO

STOREY NO
6 6
5 5
4 4
3 3
2 2
1
1
0
0
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2
CUMULATIVE DISPLACEMENT (mm) CUMULATIVE DISPLACEMENT (mm)
RESULTS
DISPLACEMENT
From the above storey level displacement data, The Displacements of the multistoried
residential building for the four cases at were represented below
RESULTS OF FUNDAMENTAL OF DISPLACEMENT
S/no Type of Structure Base shear (kN)
1 Case 1 395.665
2 Case 2 530.956
3 Case 3 359.258
4 Case 4 580.605

RESULTS OF DISPLACEMENT
3.5 3.2554
3 2.5918
Displacement (mm)

2.5
2
1.5 RESULTS OF
1 DISPLACEMENT
0.3406
0.5 0.1667
0
Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4
Type of Structure
RESULTS
STOREY DRIFT
The Storey Drifts of the multistoried residential building for the four cases at were
represented below
RESULTS OF FUNDAMENTAL OF STOREY DRIFT
S/no Type of Structure Storey Drift (mm)
1 Case 1 0.0082
2 Case 2 0.0034
3 Case 3 0.0075
4 Case 4 0.0037

RESULTS OF STOREY DRIFT


0.009 0.0082
0.008 0.0075
0.007
Storey Drift (mm)

0.006
0.005
0.0037
0.004 0.0034 RESULTS OF STOREY
0.003 DRIFT
0.002
0.001
0
Case 1 Case 2 Case 3 Case 4

Type of Structure
CONCLUSION
It is observed that the stiffness of the structure is gradually increases from the case i
(without infill wall and with soft-storey) to case iii ( without infill wall and without soft-
storey), case ii ( with infill wall and with soft-storey) and case iv (with infill wall and without
soft-storey) respectively
It is observed that the fundamental Time period of the structure increases from 0.107 sec for
case iv and gradually increasing to case ii, case iii, and 0.480 for case i respectively.
The fundamental frequency of the structure is 84.312 Hz for case i and gradually increases
to case iii, case ii, and case iv 120.004 for case i respectively.
The base shear is gradually increases from case i, case ii, case iii, and case iv respectively.
The displacement of the structure gradually increases from case iv, case iii, case ii and case
i and in no case exceeds 0.004 times the storey height
The natural period decreases as the stiffness of the building increases and this leads to
increase in base shear. From analysis, it is found that for the models when stiffness of infill
walls is considered, the natural period decreases by 4.44 % compared to those when stiffness of
infill wall is neglected.
REFERENCE
EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF STRUCTURES by Pankaj Agarwal and Manish Shirkande.
EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN STRUCTURES. By Duggal S.K. (2010), Oxford University press YMCA library building, jai singh
Road, New Delhi.
Najma Nainan et al, Dynamic Response of seismo-resistant building frames. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (IJEST)
Syed Khasim Mutwalli, Dr. Shaik Kamal Mohammed Azam, Dynamic Response of High Rise Structures. Syed Khasim Mutwalli Int. Journal of
Engineering Research and Applications
E. Pavan Kumar et al, Earthquake Analysis of Multi Storied Residential Building. E. Pavan Kumar et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and
Applications.
Ghalimath.A, Hatti M, Analytical review of soft storey. International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET)
S. M. Hosseini-Gelekolai, Soft story design in reinforced concrete structure and effect of masonry infill wall. Sixth International Conference of Seismology
and Earthquake Engineering
Sabri Attajkani, Modeling the Effect of Infill Walls on Seismic Performance of Reinforced Concrete Buildings. International Journal of Engineering
Research and Applications (IJERA)
Devendra Dohare1, Dr.Savita Maru, Seismic Behavior of soft Storey Building. International Journal of Engineering Research and General Science

IS 456 2000 INDIAN STANDARD PLAIN REINFORCED CONCRETE CODE OF PRACTICE – Fourth Revision.
IS 1893 (Part 1) 2002 CRITERIA FOR EARTHQUAKE RESISTANT DESIGN OF STRUCTURES” fifth revision, Bureau of Indian
Standards, New Delhi, India.
BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS: IS 875 (Part 1) 1987, Dead Loads on Buildings and Structures, New Delhi, India.
IS 875 (Part 2) 1987 for Live Loads or Imposed Loads, CODE PRACTICE OF DESIGN LOADS (OTHER THAN EARTHQUAKE) FOR
BUILDINGS AND STRUCTURES.
THANK YOU