Está en la página 1de 20

UNIT

STARTER

Grammar reference
Los pronombres demostrativos be: afirmativa, negativa
• son this / that / these / those y los usamos para e interrogativa
identificar a quién o qué nos estamos refiriendo
afirmativa forma contraída
• usamos this y these cuando algo está cerca
I am I’m
This is my friend. These are my brothers.
Este es mi amigo. Estos son mis hermanos. You are You’re
• usamos that y those cuando algo queda lejos He is He’s
That is my bike. Those are my sisters. She is She’s
It is It’s
Esa es mi bici. Esas son mis hermanas.
We are We’re
Los pronombres sujeto y los You are You’re
adjetivos posesivos They are They’re

pronombres sujeto • usamos be para expresar la nacionalidad, edad y


procedencia de las personas
I you he she it we you they
I’m British. Soy británico/a.
adjetivos posesivos She’s 13 years old. Tiene 13 años.
my your his her its our your their We’re / You’re / They’re from Liverpool.
• siempre es necesario un sujeto o pronombre sujeto Nosotros somos / Vosotros sois / Ellos son de
I’m from Málaga. ✓ Am from Málaga. ✗ Liverpool.
• you y your sirven para el singular y el plural negativa forma contraída
Is this your dog? ¿Es este tu perro? I am not I’m not
Are these your bikes? ¿Son estas vuestras bicis? You are not You aren’t
• he y his se refieren a un niño o un hombre He is not He isn’t
He is in the school. Está en la escuela. She is not She isn’t
Where is his mother? ¿Dónde está su madre? It is not It isn’t
• she y her se refieren a una niña o una mujer We are not We aren’t
She is 12 years old. Tiene 12 años. You are not You aren’t
They are not They aren’t
Where is her brother? ¿Dónde está su hermano?
• it e its se refieren a un animal o una cosa • para formar la negativa, usamos not
It is grey. Es gris. She isn’t (is not) English. No es inglesa.
Its eyes are big. Sus ojos son grandes. • en la conversación y en los textos informales
• their se usa para hombres, mujeres, animales solemos usar las formas contraídas
y cosas preguntas y respuestas breves
These are my cats. Their names are Billy and Am I English?
Bobby.
Estos son mis gatos. Se llaman Billy y Bobby. Yes, I am. No, I’m not.
Are you English?
El posesivo ’s
Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.
• un apóstrofo + s (’s) indica posesión
Is he / she / it … ?
My friend’s house. La casa de mi amigo.
• ponemos ’s detrás de nombres en singular y de Yes, he / she / it is. No, he / she / it isn’t.
nombres en plural no acabados en -s Are we / you / they … ?
My sister’s name. El nombre de mi hermana. Yes, we / you / they are. No, we / you / they aren’t.
The children’s toys. Los juguetes de los niños.
• detrás de sustantivos en plural y nombres propios • el orden de las palabras cambia dependiendo de
acabados en -s solo usamos el apóstrofo (’) si la oración es enunciativa o interrogativa
The boys’ room. La habitación de los chicos. Emily is English. Emily es inglesa.
James’ book. El libro de James. Is Emily English? ¿Emily es inglesa?

82

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 82 03/10/2013 14:02


UNIT
STARTER

Grammar exercises
Demonstrative pronouns be: affirmative, negative and
1 Correct the sentences.
interrogative
This are my brothers and sisters. These 4 Complete the sentences with the correct
1 Those is my dog in the garden. affirmative form of be.
2 These is her room. My sister and I are in class.
3 That are our friends in the park. 1 I from France.
4 These is her cat on the sofa here. 2 My friends Moroccan.
5 Those is my mum’s car. 3 My dad in New Zealand.
4 You and your cousins 11 years old.
Subject pronouns and 5 She English.
possessive adjectives
5 Rewrite the sentences in exercise 4 in the
2 Circle the correct words. negative form. Use contractions.
My name’s Linda and I / you / we ’m Australian. My sister and I aren’t in class.
1 These are my friends Julie and Clare. They’re 1
from Wales and they / their / your mum is from
2
Australia.
3
2 Australia is a big country. He / She / It is near
4
New Zealand.
5
3 Melbourne, Sydney and Perth are cities. We /
You / They ’re in Australia. 6 Order the words to make questions. Then write
4 Julie’s first language isn’t Welsh, her / she / its short answers.
first language is English.
from / you / Argentina / Are ? ✓
5 This is Julie and Clare’s brother. Her / His /
Are you from Argentina?
Their name’s John.
Yes, I am.
Possessive ’s 1 house / in / Bilbao / Is / your ? ✗
3 Rewrite the sentences with ’s or ’.
My dads car is blue. 2 best friends / your / Are / in your class ? ✓
My dad’s car is blue.
1 Jims eyes are very green.
3 your parents / Colombian / Are ? ✗
2 My grandparents house is in Scotland.

3 My sisters boyfriend is very nice. 4 teacher / Is / his / German ? ✓

4 All the teachers cars are very old.


5 you and your cousins / 13 years old / Are ? ✗
5 Your cousins names are unusual.

6 Her best friends name is Jane. 6 her / Is / a doctor /mum ? ✓

83

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 83 03/10/2013 14:02


UNIT

Grammar reference
have got • el orden de las palabras cambia dependiendo de
si la oración es enunciativa o interrogativa
afirmativa forma contraída Cathy has got fair hair.
I have got I’ve got Cathy tiene el pelo rubio.
You have got You’ve got
Has Cathy got fair hair?
He has got He’s got ¿Cathy tiene el pelo rubio?
She has got She’s got
It has got It’s got • en las respuestas breves no usamos got
Have you got a cat? ¿Tienes gato?
We have got We’ve got
You have got You’ve got Yes, I have. ✓ Sí.
They have got They’ve got Yes, I’ve got. ✗

• usamos have got para referirnos a características Las partículas interrogativas


físicas y hablar de posesión
I have got brown eyes.
Who is Kristen Stewart? She’s an actor.
Tengo los ojos marrones. What is her name? Her name’s Jennifer.
• se usan dos formas: have got y has got Where is Daniel Radcliffe He’s from England.
She has got one brother and one sister. from?
Tiene un hermano y una hermana. When is your birthday? It’s in August.
Why is J.K. Rowling famous? Because she is an author.
• las formas contraídas (’ve got y ’s got) se suelen
How many cats has he got? He’s got three cats.
usar en el lenguaje oral y en los textos informales How old are you? I’m 12.
We’ve got two pets.
Tenemos dos mascotas. • who (¿quién?) se refiere a personas
• what (¿qué, cuál?) se usa para preguntar sobre
negativa forma contraída cosas o acciones
I have not got I haven’t got • where (¿dónde?) se usa para preguntar por un lugar
You have not got You haven’t got
• when (¿cuándo?) se refiere al tiempo
He has not got He hasn’t got
• why (¿por qué?) se usa para preguntar por el
She has not got She hasn’t got
motivo o la razón de algo
It has not got It hasn’t got
• how + adjetivo se usa para expresar cantidad
We have not got We haven’t got
You have not got You haven’t got
They have not got They haven’t got

• not se usa para formar la negativa


He hasn’t (has not) got a car.
No tiene coche.
preguntas y respuestas breves
Have I got long hair?
Yes, I have. No, I haven’t.
Have you got long hair?
Yes, you have. No, you haven’t.
Has he / she / it got … ?
Yes, he / she / it has. No, he / she / it hasn’t.
Have we / you / they got … ?
Yes, we / you / they have. No, we / you / they haven’t.

84

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 84 03/10/2013 14:02


UNIT
UNIT
2
1

Grammar exercises
have got 5 Write questions with have got. Then write short
answers.
1 Circle the correct words.
I / your address? ✗
Julie ’s got / ’ve got curly, brown hair. Have I got your address? No, you haven’t.
1 I ’s got / ’ve got all the Harry Potter™ books. 1 your friend Mike / a pet? ✓
2 My friend and I has got / have got a dog.
3 Gollum ’s got / ’ve got big ears. 2 you / a favourite actor ? ✓
4 We ’s got / ’ve got a new teacher.
5 They ’s got / ’ve got short, dark hair. 3 she / green eyes? ✗
6 Sirens has got / have got birds’ bodies.

2 Rewrite the sentences using the correct subject 4 they / beautiful voices? ✗
pronoun and the contracted form of have got.
Jack has got a blue bike. 5 it / a long neck? ✓
He’s got a blue bike.
1 My aunt and uncle have got three dogs. 6 dragons / two wings? ✓

2 I have got English homework. Question words


3 My friends and I have got a favourite film. 6 Match the questions with the answers.
1 Who is your favourite a) It’s a giant.
4 Hannah has got green eyes. actor?
2 Where is Jennifer b) They’ve got one.
5 The dog has got four legs. Lawrence from?
3 When is your friend’s c) Josh Hutcherson.
birthday?
3 Complete the sentences with the correct negative 4 What is the Cyclops? d) I’m 13.
form of have got. 5 Why are comic books e) It’s on 12th July.
I haven’t got a sister. popular?
1 He a cat. 6 How many horns have f ) She’s from
unicorns got? the USA.
2 My teacher a red car.
7 How old are you? g) Because they are
3 My grandparents a computer.
easy to read.
4 Those women long hair.
5 Vampires horns. 7 Write questions for the answers.
6 Medusa wings. What is your favourite animal?
4 Order the words to make sentences. My favourite animal is a cat.

French / have / I / got / class / today / a 1


I have got a French class today. My dad’s name is Martin.
1 got / glasses / have / 3D / We 2
She’s from Canada.
2 much / hair / hasn’t / Gollum / got 3
They’ve got two houses.
3 favourite / got / she / a / Has / teacher ? 4
The film festival is in October.
4 hasn’t / My / beard / got / dad / a 5
My grandad is 89.
5 tickets / haven’t / film / They / got / the / for

85

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 85 03/10/2013 14:02


UNIT

Grammar reference
Present simple: afirmativa Reglas ortográficas para la
y negativa tercera persona del singular
afirmativa Formación de la tercera persona del singular
I / You learn • la mayoría de los verbos añaden -s
sleep ➜ sleeps
He / She / It learns
• añadimos -es a los verbos acabados en -s, -sh, -ch
We / You / They learn y -x
pass ➜ passes
• usamos el present simple para hablar de rutinas wash ➜ washes
y hábitos watch ➜ watches
I get up at seven o’clock every morning. fix ➜ fixes
Me levanto a las siete cada mañana. • añadimos -es a go y do
• también lo usamos para hablar de hechos go ➜ goes
My teacher lives near our school. do ➜ does
Mi profesor vive cerca de nuestro instituto. • los verbos acabados en consonante + y cambian
• en la tercera persona del singular añadimos una -s la y por i y añaden -es
al verbo study ➜ studies
• los verbos acabados en vocal + y mantienen la y
negativa forma contraída
y añaden -s
I / You do not watch TV. I / You don’t watch TV. play ➜ plays
He / She / It does not He / She / It doesn’t watch TV. • ¡los verbos irregulares no siguen ninguna regla!
watch TV. be ➜ is
We / You / They do not We / You / They don’t watch have ➜ has
watch TV. TV.

• la negativa se forma añadiendo don’t o doesn’t


delante del verbo
She doesn’t like maths.
No le gustan las matemáticas.
• en el lenguaje oral y los textos informales solemos
emplear las formas contraídas (don’t y doesn’t)
Present simple: preguntas
y respuestas breves
preguntas y respuestas breves
Do I / you read?
Yes, I do. No, I don’t.
Does he / she / it read?
Yes, he / she / it does. No, he / she / it doesn’t.
Do we / you / they read?
Yes, we / you / they do. No, we / you / they don’t.

• en interrogativa, ponemos do o does delante del


sujeto
• en las respuestas breves, no repetimos el verbo
Do you like PE? ¿Te gusta Educación Física?
Yes, I do. / No, I don’t. ✓ Sí / No.
Yes, I like. / No, I don’t like. ✗

86

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 86 03/10/2013 14:02


UNIT
UNIT
2
2

Grammar exercises
Present simple: affirmative and Present simple: questions and
negative short answers
1 Circle the correct words. 5 Order the words to make questions.
She studies / study all afternoon. Do / at the weekend / go / you / to the park ?
1 My friend hate / hates science. Do you go to the park at the weekend?
2 They live / lives in a big flat. 1 ICT and history / you / Do / like ?
3 She wear / wears a blue and white uniform.
4 Our teachers say / says our school is amazing! 2 you / start / at 6am / school / Do ?
5 You and your friends like / likes maths.
6 I go / goes to school at 7.45am. 3 your grandma / a computer / Does / use ?

2 Write the third person singular form of the verbs.


4 your parents / play / cricket / Do ?
sing sings 4 go
1 watch 5 sleep 5 your friends / their homework / Do / every day /
2 study 6 do do ?
3 have 7 finish
6 Richard / Does / near you / live ?
3 Complete the sentences with the correct
affirmative or negative form of the verbs in
exercise 2. 7 play / your brother / Does / the guitar ?
My father sings in the shower every morning.
1 My cat for about 18 hours a day. 6 Circle the correct short answer.
2 My grandma television. She Do you finish school at 4.30pm?
listens to the radio.
Yes, I does. / Yes, I do.
3 My mum work late on Fridays.
1 Does Adele come from London?
4 Gerry his homework on the bus in the
Yes, she do. / Yes, she does.
morning.
2 Do your friends like skateboarding?
5 My sister to French classes after
school. No, they don’t. / No, they doesn’t.
6 We PE every Tuesday. 3 Does your mother tidy your room?
7 In my school we German. Yes, she doesn’t. / Yes, she does.
We study English and French. 4 Do you help your sister with her homework?
No, I don’t. / No, I doesn’t.
4 Rewrite the sentences using the negative form. 5 Do your teachers drive red cars?
She goes to school at 7am. No, they don’t. / No, they doesn’t.
She doesn’t go to school at 7am. 6 Do you study history?
1 I go to ballet school. Yes, I do. / Yes, I does.
7 Does your brother play computer games?
2 My friend sings very well. Yes, he does. / No, he do.

3 Julie goes to bed very late.

4 My sister meets her friends on Sundays.

5 We do a lot of sport at my school.

6 They wear a school uniform.

7 He studies performing arts.


87

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 87 03/10/2013 14:02


UNIT

3
3

Grammar reference
Adverbios de frecuencia El orden de las palabras
0% 100% en interrogativa
never rarely sometimes often usually always preguntas con be
Is her name Jessica?
• usamos los adverbios de frecuencia para indicar Are your cousins Paige and Joe?
con qué frecuencia hacemos una cosa What is his name?
I sometimes play badminton.
A veces juego al bádminton. • se forman con (partícula interrogativa +) be + el
• van delante del verbo principal sujeto + las demás palabras
She always goes swimming on Sundays. preguntas con have got
Siempre va a natación los domingos. Have I / you / we / they got a horse?
He doesn’t often play team sports. Has he / she / it got a snowboard?
Él no juega a deportes de equipo a menudo. When have you got PE?
• van detrás del verbo be How many players has the team got?
I’m usually tired after PE. • se forman con (partícula interrogativa +) have / has
Normalmente estoy cansado después de (la clase + el sujeto + got + las demás palabras
de) Educación Física.
He’s rarely at the library. preguntas con otros verbos en present simple
Él raras veces está en la biblioteca. Do I / you / we / they play tennis?
Does he / she / it go skiing?
• para preguntar sobre la frecuencia de una acción
How often do I / you / we / they use the sports centre?
usamos How often o un adverbio de frecuencia Where does he / she / it go swimming?
How often does she play tennis?
¿Con qué frecuencia juega al tenis? • se forman con (partícula interrogativa +) do / does
• en interrogativa, el adverbio va detrás del sujeto + el sujeto + el verbo + las demás palabras
Do you usually walk to school?
¿Normalmente vas andando al instituto?
love, hate, (don’t) like, don’t
mind + -ing
• detrás de love, hate, like, don’t like, don’t mind
usamos un verbo acabado en -ing
I like training at the weekends.
A mí me gusta entrenar los fines de semana.
She hates training at the weekends.
Ella odia entrenar los fines de semana.
They don’t mind training at the weekends.
A ellos les da igual / no les importa entrenar los
fines de semana.

88

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 88 03/10/2013 14:02


UNIT
UNIT
2
3
3

Grammar exercises
Adverbs of frequency love, hate, (don’t) like, don’t
1 Correct the sentences.
mind + -ing
I always am late for training. 4 Write sentences using the correct verbs in the box.
I am always late for training.
love like don’t mind
1 Always I watch the Olympics® on TV.
don’t like hate

2 He wins a race never. He / / run


He likes running.
3 The Winter Olympics® usually are in February. 1 We / / play / football in the rain

4 Often we go to a football match. 2 They / / go / to the gym

5 She does exercise sometimes before school. 3 My father / / train / every day

6 I lose a game rarely. 4 I/ / watch / sport on TV

2 Order the words to make sentences. 5 My friend / / skateboard / near the park
goes / swimming / My / rarely / brother
My brother rarely goes swimming. Question forms: word order
1 often / Jane / the gym / to / goes
5 Order the words to make questions.
2 at / tennis / plays / Paul / never / the weekend got / you / a mountain bike / Have ?
Have you got a mountain bike?
3 homework / school / I / do / after / usually / 1 medals / she / How / got / many / has ?
my
2 they / Do / go / surfing / in the holidays ?
4 watches / Manchester United / on / always /
My dad / matches / TV 3 horse-riding / do / your family / Where / go ?

5 winter / skiing / sometimes / We / in / go 4 your sister / like / Does / running ?

5 play / people / in a football team / How / many ?


3 Rewrite the questions using the adverbs in
brackets.
Do they go swimming at the weekends? 6 Write questions for the answers.
(always) What’s Jessica’s surname ?
Do they always go swimming at the weekends? Her surname is Ennis.
1 How does he play in the school team? (often) 1 Where ?
She lives in Sheffield.
2 Does she win a match? (sometimes) 2 Has ?
Yes, she has. She’s got a pet dog.
3 Do they do winter sports? (usually) 3 How often ?
She runs six days a week.
4 Do you skate on ice? (always) 4 Does ?
Yes, she likes her sport.
5 How does your brother lift weights? (often) 5 What ?
In her free time she likes listening to music and
watching TV.
89

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 89 03/10/2013 14:02


UNIT

4
4

Grammar reference
Present continuous Present continuous: reglas
afirmativa forma contraída ortográficas
I am wearing a coat. I’m wearing a coat. • la mayoría de los verbos añaden -ing
You are wearing a coat. You’re wearing a coat.
do ➜ doing, wear ➜ wearing
• los que acaban en -e pierden la e y añaden -ing
He / She / It is wearing a He / She / It’s wearing a
make ➜ making, ride ➜ riding
coat. coat.
• los terminados en -ie cambian ie por una y
We / You / They are We / You / They’re wearing y añaden -ing
wearing a coat. a coat.
lie ➜ lying, tie ➜ tying
• usamos el present continuous para expresar • los monosílabos acabados en vocal + consonante
acciones que están ocurriendo mientras (que no sea w, x o y) doblan la consonante final y
hablamos, o situaciones temporales añaden -ing
I’m buying some jeans. sit ➜ sitting
Estoy comprando unos vaqueros. • los bisílabos acabados en vocal + consonante:
si el acento recae en la última sílaba, doblan la
He’s learning French.
consonante final y añaden -ing
Está aprendiendo francés.
begin ➜ beginning
• se forma con el sujeto + be + un verbo acabado en
• si el acento no recae en la última sílaba, basta con
-ing
añadir -ing
negativa forma contraída listen ➜ listening
I am not wearing a coat. I’m not wearing a coat. El present continuous
You are not wearing a coat. You aren’t wearing a coat.
y el present simple
He / She / It is not wearing He / She / It isn’t wearing a • el present continuous expresa acciones que están
a coat. coat. ocurriendo mientras hablamos, o situaciones
We / You / They are not We / You / They aren’t temporales, y se usa con estas expresiones: at the
wearing a coat. wearing a coat. moment, now, this month, today, etc.
• para hacer la negativa usamos not She’s talking to Jane now.
We aren’t (are not) celebrating his birthday. Ahora está hablando con Jane.
No estamos celebrando su cumpleaños. • el present simple expresa hábitos y rutinas.
Normalmente lo usamos con adverbios de
preguntas y respuestas breves
frecuencia o con expresiones temporales como
Am I wearing a coat? every day, once a week, etc.
Yes, I am. No, I’m not. We go to the sports centre every day.
Are you playing? Vamos al centro deportivo todos los días.
Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.
Is he / she / it wearing a coat?
Yes, he / she / it is. No, he / she / it isn’t.
Are we / you / they playing?
Yes, we / you / they are. No, we / you / they aren’t.

• en interrogativa, el orden de las palabras cambia


You are riding a bike. Estás montando en bici.
Are you riding a bike? ¿Estás montando en bici?
• en las respuestas breves no repetimos el verbo
terminado en -ing
Are you buying a jumper?
¿Estás comprando un jersey?
Yes, I am. / No, I’m not. ✓ Sí / No.
Yes, I’m buying. / No, I’m not buying. ✗

90

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 90 03/10/2013 14:02


UNIT
UNIT
2
4
4

Grammar exercises
Present continuous 5 Order the words to make questions. Then write
short answers.
1 Circle the correct words. sports clothes / she / wearing / Is ? ✓
She ’s / ’re getting dressed. Is she wearing sports clothes? Yes, she is.
1 We ’m / ’re going to a wedding. 1 they / walking / Are / to school ? ✗
2 I ’s / ’m thinking about my exams.
3 They ’s / ’re walking to school. 2 home / your friend / going / Is ? ✗
4 She ’s / ’re wearing a school uniform.
5 You ’m / ’re buying a present. 3 you / English / studying / Are ? ✓
2 Complete the sentences with the present
continuous affirmative form of the verbs in 4 her birthday / we / Are / celebrating ? ✗
the box.
5 Carol and Matt / Are / in the TV show /
carry dance go listen wear win competing ? ✓

I ’m dancing with Richard. 6 Am / playing / I / basketball ? ✓


1 The team the match.
2 Linda and Nigel to rap 7 riding / a horse / Gerry / Is ? ✗
music.
3 We the same T-shirt! 8 you / to / listening / Are / music ? ✓
4 You to the dance.
5 He some flowers.
Present continuous and
3 Rewrite the sentences in the negative form. present simple
Tom is wearing unusual clothes.
Tom isn’t wearing unusual clothes. 6 Complete the sentences with the correct form of
1 I am celebrating my birthday. the verbs in brackets. Use the present simple or
the present continuous.
2 They are playing basketball. I go shopping on Mondays. (go)
1 They sunglasses at the
3 My dad is feeling energetic! moment. (wear)
2 He always his homework in
the afternoon. (do)
4 We are dancing at the prom.
3 The teacher now. (not smile)
4 We maths every day. (not
5 You are studying.
study)
5 My brother Russian this
6 Anne and Rob are making new clothes. year. (learn)
6 I tennis today. (not play)
Present continuous spelling 7 They never casual clothes.
rules (buy)
8 I my grandparents once a
4 Write the -ing form of the verbs. week. (see)
do doing 4 carry
1 ride 5 lie
2 swim 6 sleep
3 visit 7 dance

91

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 91 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT

5
5

Grammar reference
there is / there are + a / an, Nombres contables y
some y any no contables
afirmativa forma contraída • los nombres contables tienen singular y plural
singular There is a restaurant. There’s a restaurant. banana bananas
There is an egg. There’s an egg. strawberry strawberries
plural There are some grapes. • los nombres no contables no tienen plural porque
no se pueden contar
negativa forma contraída water ✓ waters ✗
singular There is not a There isn’t a food ✓ foods ✗
restaurant. restaurant.
There is not an egg. There isn’t an egg.
Is there … ? Are there … ?
plural There are not any There aren’t any preguntas y respuestas breves
grapes. grapes. singular Is there a menu?
• usamos there is con nombres en singular, Yes, there is. No, there isn’t.
mientras que there are va con nombres en plural plural Are there any pizzas?
There is a shop next to the school. Yes, there are. No, there aren’t.
Hay una tienda al lado del instituto.
• en interrogativa el orden de las palabras cambia
There are three swimming pools in our town.
There’s a café near the park.
Hay tres piscinas en nuestra ciudad.
Hay una cafetería cerca del parque.
• para formar la negativa usamos not
Is there a café near the park?
There isn’t (is not) a gym.
¿Hay alguna cafetería cerca del parque?
No hay ningún gimnasio.
There are some cakes on the table.
There aren’t (are not) any restaurants.
Hay (unos / algunos) pasteles encima de la mesa.
No hay restaurantes / ningún restaurante.
Are there any cakes on the table?
• empleamos a y an delante de nombres contables ¿Hay pasteles / algún pastel encima de la mesa?
en singular
• a se usa cuando el nombre empieza por consonante How much …? How many …?
a village • usamos How much …? (¿Cuánto/a?) con nombres
a hospital no contables
a sports centre How much fat is there in a chocolate cake?
• an se usa cuando el nombre empieza por vocal o h ¿Cuánta grasa hay en un pastel de chocolate?
muda There’s a lot. / There isn’t much.
an apple Un montón. / No hay mucha.
an ice cream
• How many …? (¿Cuántos/as?) se usa con nombres
an hour
contables en plural
• usamos some y any con nombres no contables y
How many bags of crisps are there in the kitchen?
con nombres contables en plural
¿Cuántas bolsas de patatas fritas hay en la cocina?
• en las oraciones afirmativas usamos some,
mientras que en las interrogativas y las negativas There are a lot. / There aren’t many.
usamos any Hay muchas. / No hay muchas.
There is some cheese.
There isn’t any cheese.
There are some tomatoes.
Are there any tomatoes?

92

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 92 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT
UNIT
2
5
5

Grammar exercises
there is / there are + a / an, 4 Complete the sentences with a, an, some or any.
some and any There’s a piece of cake for you.
1 Have you got crisps?
1 Complete the sentences with There is or There are.
2 There are great sports facilities here.
There is a gym in our school.
3 I need ice cream. It’s so hot!
1 two cinemas in my town.
4 I can cycle for hour.
2 a skate park next to the bowling alley.
5 Are there calories in insects?
3 some great classes at the sports
6 There isn’t swimming pool in the
centre.
sports centre.
4 Oh no! five pizzas and six people.
7 Is there money on the desk?
5 some cold water in the fridge.
6 protein in meat. Countable and uncountable
nouns
2 Circle the correct words.
There isn’t / There aren’t any fruit for breakfast. 5 Complete the table with the words in the box.
1 There isn’t / There aren’t any bananas in this
smoothie. orange apple water fruit spinach
people money rice potato library
2 There isn’t / There aren’t an Indian restaurant
group school friend meat pasta
near our house.
3 There isn’t / There aren’t any fish on the menu.
4 There isn’t / There aren’t any vitamins in this countable uncountable
meal. apple
5 There isn’t / There aren’t any salt in this bag
of crisps.
6 There isn’t / There aren’t any skate parks in
my town.

3 Correct the questions.


How many shopping centres there are in this
area?
How many shopping centres are there in this area?
1 There is a café next to the swimming pool? 6 Complete the sentences with the correct word in
brackets.
2 How much calories there are in a chocolate We need some water . (water / apple)
cake? 1 He’s got three . (orange / friends)
2 Is there any ? (libraries / meat)
3 There are a drinks machine here? 3 They haven’t got any . ( potato /
money)
4 How many milk there is in the fridge? 4 There are some . (spinach / apples)
5 How many are there? (people /
5 There is any strawberries for dessert? group)
6 Are there any ? (eggs / sugar)
6 There are some fruit on the table?

93

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 93 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT

6
6

Grammar reference
Adjetivos comparativos can / can’t
• el comparativo nos permite comparar dos cosas; afirmativa
su forma depende de la longitud del adjetivo:
I / You / He / She / It / We / You / They can drive.
adjetivos cortos y adjetivos acabados en -y negativa
It’s cheaper than a hotel. It’s busier than a village. I / You / He / She / It / We / You / They cannot drive.
adjetivos largos forma contraída
It’s more expensive than camping. I / You / He / She / It / We / You / They can’t drive.
It’s more comfortable.
• can expresa posibilidad (o imposibilidad) y
adjetivos irregulares
permiso
good – better bad – worse You can stay for two weeks.
It’s better than camping in the rain! Puedes quedarte dos semanas.
Reglas ortográficas We can’t visit the museum on Monday. It’s closed.
No podemos visitar el museo el lunes, está cerrado.
• los adjetivos cortos acabados en 1 vocal + 1
consonante doblan la consonante y añaden -er • detrás de can va un verbo en infinitivo sin to
hot ➜ hotter big ➜ bigger preguntas y respuestas breves
• los adjetivos cortos acabados en -y cambian la y Can I / you open the door?
por i y añaden -er
Yes, I can. No, I can’t.
tidy ➜ tidier noisy ➜ noisier
• los adjetivos largos llevan delante la palabra more Can he / she / it open the door?
expensive ➜ more expensive Yes, he / she / it can. No, he / she / it can’t.
intelligent ➜ more intelligent Can we / you / they … ?
• ¡los adjetivos irregulares no siguen estas reglas! Yes, we / you / they can. No, we / you / they can’t.
good ➜ better bad ➜ worse
• los adjetivos comparativos van seguidos de than • en interrogativa, el orden de las palabras cambia
My room is bigger than yours. They can stay in a caravan park.
Mi habitación es mayor que la tuya. Pueden quedarse en un camping para caravanas.
Can they stay in a caravan park?
This chair is more comfortable than the sofa.
¿Pueden quedarse en un camping para caravanas?
Esta silla es más cómoda que el sofá.
must / mustn’t
Preposiciones de lugar
on in under between afirmativa
I / You / He / She / It / We / You / They must be quiet.
negativa
in front of opposite next to behind I / You / He / She / It / We / You / They must not shout.
forma contraída
I / You / He / She / It / We / You / They mustn’t shout.

• sirven para indicar dónde están las cosas • usamos must para referirnos a normas, leyes
y obligaciones
The TV is on the table.
You must wear a uniform at this school.
The book is in the bag.
En esta escuela tienes que ir de uniforme.
Jon is under the tree
• mustn’t expresa prohibición
Sally is between Joe and Amy.
You mustn’t talk in the library.
There’s a park in front of our house.
No se puede hablar en la biblioteca.
The table is opposite the bed.
• detrás de must / mustn’t usamos un verbo sin to
The café is next to our school.
Sarah sits behind my brother in class.

94

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 94 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT
UNIT
2
6
6

Grammar exercises
Comparative adjectives Prepositions of place
1 Write the comparative form of the adjective. 4 Circle the correct words.
healthy 5 wide The cinema is next to / under the park.
healthier 1 Susie’s coat is at / in the wardrobe.
1 strong 6 red 2 We’re between / on the train.
3 There’s a park in front of / between my house.
2 intelligent 7 tidy 4 In class, Alan usually sits between / in Kevin
and Stacey.
3 bad 8 comfortable 5 The café is on / opposite the sports club.
can / can’t
4 late 9 popular
5 Write sentences with the affirmative, negative or
question form of can.
2 Circle the correct word. You / stay / in the library / until 5pm ✓
Rob is more tall / taller than Katie. You can stay in the library until 5pm.
1 Her flat is moderner / more modern than ours. 1 He / stay out / late ✗
2 You are gooder / better at maths than I am.
3 Joe’s room is tidier / tidyer than Linda’s. 2 You / be noisy / in class ?
4 A five star hotel is more comfortable /
comfortabler than a caravan. 3 We / have a party / in the street ✗
5 That computer is expensiver / more expensive
than this one. 4 She / have / pets ✓
3 Write sentences comparing these things. Use the
adjectives in brackets. 5 We / go / to the concert / this Saturday ?

cheetah / lion (fast)


6 We / watch TV/ before dinner ✓
A cheetah is faster than a lion.
1 Chinese / English (difficult)
7 You / use / your mobile phone / in class ✗

2 Everest / Annapurna (high)


must / mustn’t
3 vegetables / hamburgers (healthy)
6 Complete the sentences with must or mustn’t.
4 a hotel / camping (expensive) You mustn’t be noisy in class.
1 We speak Spanish in our English
lesson.
5 a barge / a car (slow)
2 They wear a school uniform.
3 You leave rubbish on the street.
4 Professional footballers train every
day.
5 You do your homework before you go
to bed.
6 We listen to our teacher.

95

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 95 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT

7
7

Grammar reference
was / were there was / there were
afirmativa afirmativa negativa
I was singular There was a TV. There wasn’t a TV.
You were plural There were some There weren’t any
He / She / It was games. games.
We / You / They were
preguntas y respuestas breves
• was y were se usan para hablar de situaciones singular Was there a TV?
y estados del pasado Yes, there was. No, there wasn’t.
The Pokémon game was Japanese.
plural Were there any games?
El juego de Pokémon era japonés.
Yes, there were. No, there weren’t.
They were in their French class at 9.30am.
A las 9.30 de la mañana estaban en clase de francés. El past simple en afirmativa:
negativa forma contraída los verbos regulares
I was not I wasn’t
afirmativa
You were not You weren’t
I / You arrived last week.
He / She / It was not He / She / It wasn’t
He / She / It arrived last week.
We / You / They were not We / You / They weren’t
We / You / They arrived last week.
• para formar la negativa usamos not
• usamos el past simple para expresar acciones o
She wasn’t (was not) at the party. situaciones ocurridas en el pasado
Ella no estaba / estuvo en la fiesta. I arrived home at 5pm.
They weren’t (were not) happy. Llegué a casa a las 5 de la tarde.
No estaban contentos. We played computer games last night.
preguntas y respuestas breves Anoche jugamos a videojuegos.
Was I at home? • el past simple es igual para todas las personas
Yes, I was. No, I wasn’t. • se forma añadiendo -ed o -d al infinitivo de los
verbos regulares
Were you at home?
Yes, you were. No, you weren’t. Reglas ortográficas para el
Was he / she / it … ? past simple en afirmativa
Yes, he / she / it was. No, he / she / it wasn’t. • la mayoría de los verbos añaden -ed
Were we / you / they … ? help ➜ helped
Yes, we / you / they were. No, we / you / they weren’t. • los verbos acabados en -e añaden -d
love ➜ loved
• en interrogativa, el orden de las palabras cambia • los acabados en consonante + y cambian la y por
You were on holiday last week. una i y añaden -ed
La semana pasada estabas de vacaciones. tidy ➜ tidied
Were you on holiday last week? • los verbos monosílabos acabados en vocal
¿Estuviste de vacaciones la semana pasada? + consonante (que no sea w, x o y) doblan la
• las partículas interrogativas van al principio de la consonante final y añaden -ed
oración stop ➜ stopped
Where were you born? ¿Dónde naciste? • los bisílabos acabados en vocal + consonante y
When was the last school holiday? con el acento en la primera sílaba añaden -ed
¿Cuándo fueron las últimas vacaciones escolares? visit ➜ visited
What was on TV last night? • los bisílabos acabados en vocal + consonante
¿Qué echaron anoche por la tele? y con el acento en la última sílaba doblan la
consonante final antes de añadir -ed
permit ➜ permitted

96

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 96 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT
UNIT
2
7
7

Grammar exercises
was / were there was / there were
1 Complete the sentences with was / were. 4 Circle the correct words.
I was at the gym yesterday. There was / were three computers in the library.
1 My brother in the park at 4.30pm. 1 There was / were an exhibition of old trains.
2 They at my house last night. 2 There was / were games consoles in the 1980s.
3 We in the mountains on Saturday. 3 There was / were a chat show on TV last night.
4 Julie on the bus. 4 There was / were plastic toys in the museum.
5 The cinema in front of the library. 5 There was / were a good film on at the cinema.
6 You late for school this morning.
5 Complete the questions with Was or Were and the
2 Rewrite the sentences in the negative form using short answers with was(n’t) or were(n’t).
the information in brackets. Was there a bag on the table? Yes, there
I was in the living room. (bathroom) was .
I wasn’t in the living room. I was in the bathroom. 1 there a TV in her bedroom? No, there
1 We were at the sports club. (at the museum) .
2 there any mini-consoles in the 1990s?
2 My friends were in the garden. (in my house) Yes, there .
3 there a sports programme on
television? Yes, there .
3 My dad was in Bilbao. (Cádiz)
4 there a garden in your grandma’s
house? Yes, there .
4 They were opposite the shopping centre. (next to)
5 there any home computers in the
1970s? No, there .
5 Tim was at school. (at my party)
Past simple affirmative: regular
verbs
3 Write questions. Then write short answers.
you / at the beach yesterday? ✓ 6 Complete the sentences with the past simple
Were you at the beach yesterday? Yes, I was. affirmative form of the verbs in brackets.
1 your parents / at the football match ✓ Walt Disney invented Mickey Mouse. (invent)
1 Television in the USA in the 1950s.
2 Dave / in the library at 11am? ✗ (arrive)
2 I games when I was young. (love)
3 we / in our English class at 10pm? ✗ 3 We arcade games in the 1990s. (play)
4 My mum to my grandparents last
4 Paula / in Seville two days ago? ✓ night. (talk)
5 When he was young, my dad to the
5 they / at the party last weekend? ✗ radio. (listen)
6 They a film on TV yesterday. (watch)
6 you and your brother / in London last Past simple affirmative spelling
month? ✓ rules
7 the film / good last night? ✗ 7 Write the past simple form of the regular verbs.
watch watched 4 stop
1 study 5 try
2 live 6 permit
3 plan 7 start

97

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 97 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT

8
8

Grammar reference
Past simple: afirmativa Past simple: preguntas
y negativa y respuestas breves
afirmativa preguntas y respuestas breves
I / You listened Did I / you play?
He / She / It listened Yes, I / you did. No, I / you didn’t.
We / You / They listened Did he / she / it play?
Yes, he / she / it did. No, he / she / it didn’t.
• usamos la misma forma verbal en pasado para
todas las personas Did we / you / they play?
• los verbos regulares en pasado acaban en -ed Yes, we / you / they did. No, we / you / they didn’t.
(consulta las reglas ortográficas en la página 96)
• en interrogativa, el orden de las palabras cambia
• muchos verbos son irregulares y tienen formas de
They bought old records.
pasado diferentes (en la página 158 hay una lista
de los más comunes) Compraron discos antiguos.
Did they buy old records?
negativa forma contraída ¿Compraron discos antiguos?
I / You did not listen I / You didn’t listen • en las respuestas breves no se repite el verbo,
He / She / It did not listen He / She / It didn’t listen sólo usamos el sujeto y did o didn’t
We / You / They did not We / You / They didn’t Did you download music?
listen listen ¿Te descargaste música?
Yes, I did. / No, I didn’t. ✓ Sí / No.
• la negativa se forma con didn’t (did not) + el verbo
Yes, I downloaded. / No, I didn’t download. ✗
en infinitivo sin to y también es igual en todas las
personas del singular y del plural
We didn’t have MP3 players. ✓
No teníamos reproductores MP3.
We didn’t had MP3 players. ✗

98

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 98 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT
UNIT
2
8
8

Grammar exercises
Past simple: affirmative and 4 you / leave / What time / school / did ?
negative
5 go / she / to the festival / Did ?
1 Write the past simple affirmative form of the
irregular verbs.
came 5 Look at the information in the table. Write
come 4 know
questions and short answers.
1 have 5 meet
2 give 6 leave Lucy Rick Jim and
3 make 7 take Alison

2 Complete the sentences with the past simple place Edinburgh Manchester London
affirmative form of the verbs in the box. transport car train bus

go begin become buy see wear activity see Highland go to music play in an
dancing festival orchestra
I bought a new MP3 player last week. Lucy / travel / by car?
1 The Walkman® popular in the 1980s. Did Lucy travel by car? Yes, she did.
2 I singing in the choir last summer. 1 Lucy / see / a concert?
3 They to a great concert on Saturday.
4 Yesterday he jeans. 2 Lucy / stay / in Edinburgh?
5 I some traditional Highland dancing
when I was on holiday in Scotland. 3 Rick / go / Manchester?
3 Rewrite the sentences in the negative form.
4 Rick / play in a band?
She went to Italy last year.
She didn’t go to Italy last year.
5 Jim and Alison / play / in an orchestra?
1 He played the drums when he was younger.

2 We watched a great programme last night. 6 Correct the sentences.


They comed to our party last Friday.
3 The festival started at 10pm. They came to our party last Friday.
1 Last night, he studyed until 11pm.
4 Adele wrote the lyrics for that song in 2012.
2 Yesterday, we meeted our friends at the
5 Her hit song sold one million copies. cinema.

Past simple: questions and 3 She didn’t bought any concert tickets.
short answers
4 He didn’t composed that opera.
4 Order the words to make questions.
you / play / When / did / the guitar ? 5 She had a good time?
When did you play the guitar?
1 they / did / How / go / to the concert ? 6 Where they went last holiday?

2 Caroline / that song / Why / like / did ?

3 learn / she / Where / to sing / did ?

99

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 99 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT

9
9

Grammar reference
be going to • en interrogativa, el orden de las palabras cambia
You are going to celebrate your birthday.
afirmativa forma contraída
Vas a celebrar tu cumpleaños
I am going to visit relatives. I’m going to visit relatives. Are you going to celebrate your birthday?
You are going to visit You’re going to visit ¿Vas a celebrar tu cumpleaños?
relatives. relatives. Yes, I am. No, I’m not. Sí / No
He / She / It is going to He / She / It’s going to
visit relatives. visit relatives. Los pronombres objeto
We / You / They are going to We / You / They’re going to pronombres sujeto
visit relatives. visit relatives.
I you he she it we you they
• usamos be going to para expresar planes o pronombres objeto
intenciones me you him her it us you them
I’m going to have fun.
Voy a pasármelo bien. My cousin is called Tom. I phone him every day.
You’re going to watch street parades. Mi primo se llama Tom. Lo llamo por teléfono
todos los días.
Vas a ver desfiles por las calles.
Sally eats biscuits every day. She loves them!
She’s going to decorate the house.
Sally come galletas todos los días. ¡Le encantan!
Va a decorar la casa.
• la estructura es la siguiente: sujeto + am / is / are El present continuous para
+ going to + verbo planes futuros
negativa forma contraída • usamos el present continuous para hablar de
I am not going to stay. I’m not going to stay. planes personales decididos de antemano para un
You are not going to stay. You aren’t going to stay. futuro cercano
• suele ir acompañado de una expresión temporal
He / She / It is not going to He / She / It isn’t going to
stay. stay. de futuro
What time are they meeting? They’re meeting
We / You / They are not We / You / They aren’t
going to stay. going to stay. at six o’clock.
¿A qué hora se reúnen? A las seis.
• not se usa para formar la negativa When are they having the party? They’re having
I’m not (am not) going to make a birthday cake. the party this afternoon.
No voy a hacer una / ninguna tarta de ¿Cuándo dan / van a dar la fiesta? Esta tarde.
cumpleaños.
He isn’t (is not) going to have dinner in a
restaurant.
Él no va a cenar en un restaurante.
They aren’t (are not) going to visit us.
No van a visitarnos.
preguntas y respuestas breves
Am I going to eat?
Yes, I am. No, I’m not.
Are you going to eat?
Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.
Is he / she / it going to eat?
Yes, he / she / it is. No, he / she / it isn’t.
Are we / you / they going to eat?
Yes, we / you / they are. No, we / you / they aren’t.

100

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 100 03/10/2013 14:03


UNIT
UNIT
2
9
9

Grammar exercises
be going to 4 Complete the questions with be going to and the
verbs in the box. Then write short answers.
1 Complete the sentences with the correct affirmative
form of be going to. celebrate eat invite meet
We are going to visit friends after school. play travel watch
1 They have cereal for
Are you going to play football this week?
breakfast.
✓ Yes, I am.
2 She watch the street parades
1 your sister pasta
on Sunday.
for dinner? ✗
3 I have dinner in a restaurant
2 your classmates a
tomorrow.
film? ✗
4 Jo celebrate after her exams.
3 your brother his
5 It be great!
birthday? ✗
2 Write affirmative sentences with be going to. 4 we by car?

My brother / come to the party on Friday.
My brother is going to come to the party on Friday. 5 you me to the
party? ✓
1 We / give our teacher a present
6 I them at the
airport? ✗
2 The festival / be fantastic
Object pronouns
3 She / sing in a new band next month
5 Circle the correct words.

4 I / do more sport next year I / she don’t like him / they.


1 That’s dad’s new computer. He loves
she / it.
5 My parents / travel to Thailand next summer
2 Are they going to the festival with she / us?
3 Do you want these sweets? I don’t want they /
3 Rewrite the sentences using the correct negative them.
form of be going to and the information in brackets. 4 Where are they? I can’t see she / them.
I’m going to stay with friends. (my grandma) 5 We study here. Those books are for I / us.
I’m not going to stay with friends. I’m going to stay Present continuous for future
with my grandma.
plans
1 They’re going to watch a film. (do their homework)
6 Write sentences in the present continuous.
We / go to the park / after school
2 Pete’s going to sing at the party. (in church) We’re going to the park af ter school.
1 I / visit my grandparents / this evening

3 We’re going to send a card. (buy a present) 2 He / do an exam / tomorrow

3 My cousin / fly to Germany / next weekend


4 Sue’s going to come for dinner. (go to the
cinema) 4 We / watch / TV / tonight

5 We / meet / them / at the restaurant /


5 You’re going to study French. (study English) tomorrow

101

439092_Pulse_WB1_pp081-101_CAST.indd 101 03/10/2013 14:03