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SURVEY

Survey is the scrutinization of factors that affect the health status of population
without which setting the goals and objectives is not possible. Hence we started our
community health nursing practice with the survey in the assigned community.

SURVEY METHOD

a. Setting of the survey


The survey was conducted in Vasanth Nagar which is an urban slum area. It is 6.5 Km
away from JSS College of nursing and 9Km from Mysore city.
b. Sampling method
House to house survey of each family
c. Tool
For the present survey a family health survey format developed by community health
nursing department was used. Survey format consists of following aspects.
 Geographical assessment.
 Family identification and information.
 Family characteristics.
 Socioeconomic status.
 Vital occurrences during the last one year.
 Maternal and child health.
 Family welfare services.
 Chronic diseases among adults in the family.
 Knowledge, attitude, belief and practices of the family about nutrition.
 Knowledge and attitude of family about health and illness.
 Utilisation of health service.

d. Data collection
The techniques used for collecting information were observation, interview and
physical examination. The period of survey was from 07/02/12 to 09/03/12.
Observation technique was used to collect information pertaining to housing
condition, sanitation, and cooking practices. Interview technique was adopted to
collect data regarding family structure, socioeconomic conditions and available
resources. Physical examination was conducted to collect information on health

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status and investigation such urine analysis, haemoglobin test etc to elicit health
problem.
e. Data analysis
Collected data was analysed by using descriptive statistics like frequency and
percentage and data was presented by using tables and diagrams.

Geographical information of Vasanth Nagar

Vasanth Nagar situated 9 Kms from Mysore city. The area comprised of around 110
houses with total population of approximately 662.

 Religion

In Vasanth Nagar majority of the population belongs to Hindu religion. Also the
population comprised of Muslims and Christians.

 Health facilities

In Vasanth Nagar the people are depending on Makkalkootta PHC, JSS hospital
and Care hospital for their health care.

 Educational facilities

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The community is blessed with one Anganwadi, one Government primary and middle
school, one Urdu school.

 Religious institutions

There is only one mosque present in the community

 Water supply

Water supply is through public taps. Water will be available from 6.30 am to 4 pm in
alternate days.

 Communication facility

The people of this community have mobile phones, TV, and sometimes they rely on
letter and newspapers for their communication.

 Transport facility

The area is provided with good number of Government buses and auto for their
transportation. Some of them have their own vehicles.

 Social agencies

In this area Mahila mandalas named as Sthree Shakthi sangh and some youth clubs
like Muslim youth club are present.

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TABLE 1

DISTRIBUTION OF FAMILIES ACCORDING TO RELIGION

N=110

SL No Religion Frequency Percentage


1 Hindu 67 60.91%
2 Muslim 33 30%
3 Christian 10 9.09%
Total 110 100.00

Table 1 represents the distribution of families according to religion, out of 110 houses,

67(60.91%) families belongs to Hindu, 33 (30%) belongs to Muslim, 10 (9.09%) are

Christians.

In India, majority of the population belongs to Hindu religion; likewise, Vasanth

Nagar represents the same

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TABLE 2

DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSES ACCORDING TO TYPE

N=110

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SL. No Type Frequency Percentage
1 Kucha 18 16.37%
2 Pucca 30 27.27%
3 Semi -pucca 62 56.36%
Total 110 100.00

Table 2 indicates the distribution of houses according to type, out of 110 houses 18

(16.37%) houses are kucha houses, 30 (27.27%) houses are pucca houses, and 62(56.36%)

houses are semi– pucca houses.

As India is a developing country, the standard of living is constantly increasing, which in turn

is reflecting in the community.

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TABLE 3

DISTRIBUTION OF FAMILIES ACCORDING TO TYPE

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N= 110

Sl. No Type Frequency Percentage


1 Nuclear 92 83.64
2 Joint 18 16.36
Total 110 100.00

Table 3 shows the distribution of families according to type , out of 110 families , 92

(83.64%) are nuclear families, and 18(16.36%) are joint families.

Majority of the families belong to nuclear families in this area, as a price for education,

urbanization and industrialization we are losing joint family system

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TABLE 4

DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSES ACCORDING TO NUMBER OF ROOMS

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N=110

SL No No of rooms Frequency Percentage


1 1 40 36.36%
2 2 53 48.18%
3 3 10 09.09%
4 4 ABOVE 7 6.37%
TOTAL 110 100.00

Table 4 represents the distribution of houses according to number of rooms. Out of 110
houses, 40(36.36%) of houses are with 1 room, 53(48.18%) of houses are with 2 rooms,
10(09.09%) of houses were with 3 rooms, 7(6.37%) of houses were with 4 and above rooms.
In India as per 2001 census, 38.50 percent of the families are living in single room. When
compared to this, this area 36.36 percent are living in single room.

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TABLE 5

DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSES ACCORDING TO VENTILATIN

N=110

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SL no Ventilation Frequency Percentage
1 Adequate 30 56.36%
2 Inadequate 62 27.27%
3 No ventilation 18 16.37%
Total 170 100.00

Table 5 shows the distribution of houses according to ventilation out of 110 houses
30(56.36%) are having adequate ventilation, where as 62 (27.27%) are having inadequate
ventilation facility in their houses and 18(16.37%) having no ventilation. Housing condition
in this area show that many are living with poor ventilation. This leads to respiratory
infections and other health hazards.

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TABLE 6

DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSES ACCORDING TO LIGHTING FACILITY

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N=110
SL No Lighting Frequency Percentage
1 Electricity 92 83.64%
2 Kerosene 18 16.36%
Total 110 100.00

Table 6 represents the distribution of houses according to source of light, out of 110 houses
92(83.64%) are using electricity, 18 (16.36%) are using kerosene as the source for light. As
per 2001 census,
As per 2001 census, In India 44% of the families are not having electricity Facilities. When
compared to this, this community is much better since it is situated in Urban area.

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TABLE 7

DISTRIBITUION OF HOUSES ACCORDING TO WATER SUPPLY

N=110

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SL No Source of water Frequency Percentage
1 Tap water 110 100%
Total 110 100

Table 7 represents the distribution of houses according to water supply available. Out of 110
houses, 110 (100%) are using tap water

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TABLE 8

DISTRIBUTION OF FAMILIES ACCORDING TO MONTHLY INCOME

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SL No Monthly income Frequency Percentage
1 Below 500 0 0
2 500- 1000 5 5.45%
3 1001 – 1500 12 10.91%
4 1501- 2000 10 9.09%
5 2000 and above 83 75.45%
Total 110 100.00

Table 8 depicts the distribution of families according annual per capita income, out of 110
families, 5 (5.45%) have income below 1000 rupees, 12(10.91%) have income ranging from
1001 – 1500 rupees, 10(9.09 %) have income ranging from 1501 – 2000 rupees, 83(75.45%)
have income ranging from above 2000.
Socio economic status is achieved on the basis of occupation, income, type of housing etc. in
this area, majority of the families belong to below poverty line

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TABLE 9

DISTRIBUTION OF HOUSES ACCORDING TO DISPOSAL OF REFUSE

N=110

SL No Method of disposal Frequency Percentage


1 Composting 30 27.27

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2 Burying 10 9.09
3 Burning 04 3.64
4 Throwing 66 60.00
Total 110 100.00

Table 9 shows the distribution of the families according to disposal of refuse ,out of 110
houses 66(60%) are indiscriminately throwing, 4 (3.64%) are burning, 10(9.09%) are doing
burying, and 30(27.27%) are composting.
In this area 66% of refuse are indiscriminate throwing which needs a special attention, as it
spreads many infectious diseases.

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TABLE 10

DISRIBUTION OF ELIGIBLE COUPLE ACCORDING TO FAMILY PLANNING


METHODS ADOPTED

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SL No Method Frequency Percentage
1 Permanent 55 76.50%
2 Temporary 13 13.66%
3 Not adopted 10 11.84%
Total eligible couple 78 100.00

TABLE 10 represents the distribution of eligible couple according to the methods of


family planning methods .out of 78 eligible couple, 55(70.50%) have adopted permanent
family planning methods, 13 (16.66%) have adopted temporary family planning methods, and
10(12.84%) have not adopted any family planning method.

According to 2006 report from NRHM, 53.4% eligible couple have adopted temporary family
planning method, 46.6% have adopted permanent family planning methods. In Karnataka
56.7 % temporary method, 68.38% have adopted permanent family planning method.

As the government of India emphasis on one child norm, it is very much essential to
concentrate more on the eligible couple to control the population growth.

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TABLE 11

DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION ACCORDING TO SEX

SL No Sex Frequency Percentage


1 Male 358 49.87%
2 Female 304 50.13%

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Total 662 100.00

Table 11 depicts the distribution of population according to sex, out of total 662 population
358(49.87%) are male, and 304(50.13%) are female.
The sex ratio in India has been generally adverse to women, that is the number of women per
1000 men has generally been less, as per 2001 census in India, the sex ratio for 1000 males is
933 females. This ratio is similar in this village when compared to national statistics.

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TABLE 12
DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION ACCORDING TO AGE GROUP

SL No Age group Male Percentage Female Percentage


1 0–1 11 3.07% 09 2.96%
2 1 – 5 year 24 6.70% 11 3.61%
3 6- 12 years 56 15.64% 49 16.11%
4 13- 18 years 65 18.15% 59 19.40%
5 18- 45 years 88 24.58% 73 24.01%
6 46 – 59 years 98 27.37% 94 30.92%
7 Above 60 16 4.46% 09 2.96%
Total 752 358 100.00 304 100.00

Table 12 shows distribution of population according to age group, in the given population
male 11(3.07%) female 09(2.96%) belongs to 0 -1 year of age group. 24(6.70%) males and
11 (3.61%) females 1 – 5 years , 56 (15.64%) males and 49(16.11%) females 6 – 12 years, 65
(18.15%) males and 59 (19.40%)females 13- 18 years, 88 (24.58%) males and 73 (24.01%)
females 18- 45 years, 98 (27.37%)males and 94 (30.92%) females 46 – 59 years, 16 (4.46%)
male and 9(2.96%) females above 60 years

In India according to 2001 census infant (0-1 year) were 2.92 percent, preschool children
represents 12.00 percent, 0 -5 years 17 percent, 5 – 18 years age group represent 34.90
percent , 45 – 65 years of age group contribute 13. 50 percent and above 65 years 3.80
percent of the total population

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TABLE 13

DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION ACCORDING TO MINOR ILLNESS

SL No Minor illness Frequency


1 Fever 22
2 Backache 24
3 Headache 16
4 Common cold 20
5 Joint pain 13
6 Dental caries 34

Table 13 depicts the distribution of population according to minor illness, in this area,
majority of people are suffering from dental carries, backache, head ache, common cold, joint
pain & fever.

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TABLE 14

DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION ACCORDING TO MAJOR ILLNESS

SL no Major illness Frequency


1 Hypertension 10
2 Diabetic mellitus 8
3 Anemia 20
4 Cataract 6
5 Arthritis 8

Table 14 shows distribution of population according to Major illness, in this area, majority of
people are suffering from Anemia, 8 diabetic, 10 Hypertension, 6 cataract, and 8 arthritis
client was found.

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TABLE 15
DISTRIBUTION OF ANTENATAL MOTHERS ACCORDING TO TRIMESTER

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SL No Trimester Number

1 First trimester 02

2 Second trimester 03

3 Third trimester 02

Table 15 shows distribution of antenatal mothers according trimester, among the entire
population, there are 2 antenatal mothers in their first trimester, 03 in second trimester and 2
in third trimester.

OTHER FINDINGS

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 Male to female gender ratio is 1 : 0.95
 68.89 % of the population is of age group 25-50 years.
 Female literacy rate is 28.85%.
 Crude birth rate is 17.34%.
 Crude death rate is 8.64%.
 There are 6 antenatal mothers in the community, in which all of them were
registered, and are immunized with injection Tetanus Toxoid.
 There are total 55 under five children and all are immunized.
 There are 78 eligible couples

RECOMMENDATIONS

For PHC

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-Effective implementation of national health programmes to improve the health status of the
community people has to be given

-More emphasis on environmental sanitation

To Community peoples

-Effective utilisation of health resources

- To conduct regular screening camps for preventing non communicable diseases

- Mass health education

-Early registration and periodic ante natal visits

CONCLUSION

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At the end of the survey we came to know how to assess, diagnosis and develop plan of care
for the community. Having implemented the specific interventions it revealed that community
benefited a lot. We extend our sincere gratitude to our teachers of Community Health
Nursing department and Makkalakootta PHC. We hope this experience will help for our
future professional life.

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