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DESARROLLO HUMANO EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

DESARROLLO HUMANO EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE: UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA
EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE:
2017 Un desafío multidimensional para generar
oportunidades en el ciclo de vida Al servicio
de las personas Al servicio
y las naciones de las personas
y las naciones

DESARROLLO HUMANO
EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

EMBARAZO
ADOLESCENTE:
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL
PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES
EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

2017
DESARROLLO HUMANO
EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

EL EMBARAZO
EN ADOLESCENTES:
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL
PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES
EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo

- Diciembre 2017-

v|;bm=oul;_-vb7o;Ѵ-0ou-7orouѴ-&mb7-77; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;7;Ѵ& ķѴ-1†-Ѵঞ;m;Ѵ-;Š1Ѵ†vbˆ-u;vrom-


v-0bѴb7-77;Ѵ1om|;mb7o‹mor†;7;u;Y;f-uѴ-vorbmbom;v7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vŐbm1Ѵ†b7o;Ѵ& őķ7;Ѵolb|࣐!;ˆbvouķ7;
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Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo
República Dominicana

EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES:
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES
EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

C or‹ub]_|ĺ b1b;l0u;ƑƏƐƕ

Unidad de Desarrollo Humano Sostenible


uo]u-l-7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vr-u-;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴoŐ& ő
!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-

t†bro7;mˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm

Coordinación:
- Melisa Bretón, C1b-Ѵ7;Ѵ-&mb7-77; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;ĺ
- Sócrates Barinas, 1omolbv|-";mbou7;Ѵ-&mb7-77; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;ĺ

mˆ;vঞ]-7ou;v
;Ѵbv-u;|ॕmķ"ॕ1u-|;v-ubm-vķ"b0;Ѵb;7bm-ķ†Ѵbo झ-Œķ+-m;Ѵhbv ;um࢙m7;Œķ†bѴѴ;ulbm-!-lझu;Œĺ

Consultores
-bl;ubv|‹ v1†7;uķ-†u-࢙;Œķ-uझ-(b1|oub-0u;†-ѴѴ-ĺ

Equipo de apoyo
!†|_ ;um࢙m7;Œķ-|ub1b-!;‹;vķ†Œ;u࢙mķ-uझ-b1oѴ;oubѴѴoķbv;ѴѴ;_-_झmķou];;u࢙mķ)bѴhbm†foѴvĺ

Revisión Editorial
$ ķv;vouझ-;mol†mb1-1bॕmĺ

Créditos Técnicos
bv;ोo‹7b-]u-l-1bॕmĹ -mb;ѴѴ;);v|ĺu|;ş bv;ोo
om|u-rou|-7-Ĺ Niñas con Mariposas Amarillasķm|ombou-|vŊ(;m|ॕvĺƐƖѶƓĺ
 1uझѴb1-vo0u;|;Ѵ-ĺƒƑĿŠƑƓĿĺ

o|o]u-ࣱ-vĹ lbѴb-mo-ubŒŒ-ķ;7ub|o†Œl࢙m‹†Œ;u࢙mr-u-& !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-


߈1omovĹY-ঞ1olĺ1omņ=u;;rbhĺ1ol
lru;vbॕmĹ 7b|ou-lb]o7;Ѵo]-u
"ĹƖƕѶŊƖƖƓƔŊƖƏƏƕŊƐŊƑ
Este informe está dedicado a todas
Ѳ-vfࡱˆ;m;vt†;r-uࢼ1br-uom;mѲ-v;m-
|u;ˆbv|-v‹t†;ࢼ;m;mѲ-;vr;u-mŒ-7;
una vida mejor, con mayores oportuni-
dades y libertades para ellas y para sus
familias.
INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

PRESENTACIÓN

EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE ;m !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m- ;v †m- ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1- 1olrѴ;f- ‹


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7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ƐƑŊƐƖ-ोov_-m;v|-7o;l0-u-Œ-7-vĺ v|-|-v-;vƒƓѷl࢙v-Ѵ|-t†;;Ѵ
ruol;7bo7;Ѵovr-झv;v7;l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ĺ v|;=;mॕl;mov;1om1;m|u-|-m|o;m
Œom-v;vr;1झC1-v7;Ѵr-झvŋruoˆbm1b-v7;Ѵv†u‹b0-o1;m|u-ѴŊ1olo;m;v|u-|ov;1omॕlb1ov
l࢙vro0u;vĺ Ѵ_;1_o7;t†;;Ѵbm7b1-7ouŐ|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vő_-‹-lov|u-7o
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†mu;|o7;7;v-uuoѴѴot†;u;t†b;u;†u];m|;-|;m1bॕmķvo0u;|o7o;m;Ѵ1om|;Š|o7;†mr-झvt†;
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l†1_ov7;v†vbm7b1-7ou;vvo1b-Ѵ;vĺ

-v 1-†v-v 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; vom lিѴঞrѴ;vķ r;uo v†v ;=;1|ov Ŋvo1b-Ѵ;vķ ;1omॕlb1ovķ
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t†;ro7uझ-m;v|-ubm1b7b;m7ovb]mbC1-ঞˆ-l;m|;;m;v|-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-ĺ

Ѵ m=oul; -1bom-Ѵ vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo Ő ő ƑƏƐƕķ ;Ѵ rubl;uo 7; †m- v;ub; 7; bm-
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;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;Ѵovrubm1br-Ѵ;v=-1|ou;vt†;Ѵblb|-mѴ-v-Ѵb7-7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-‹u;|-u7-m;Ѵ
ruo]u;vol†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ7;Ѵov‹Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;vruo7†1|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ

PRESENTACIÓN 5
INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

Ѵ& mo;v;Ѵrubl;uo;ml-mb=;v|-uru;o1†r-1bॕm-m|;;Ѵ|;l-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ b=;u;m|;vbmv|-m1b-v7;]o0b;umoķvo1b;7-71bˆbѴ‹-1-7;lb-ķ-Ѵb]†-Ѵ
t†; o|u-v -];m1b-v 7;Ѵ "bv|;l- 7; -1bom;v &mb7-v ;m ;Ѵ r-झvķ _-m -0ou7-7o
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m†;ˆom=oul;;v-rou|-ub7;-vķruor†;v|-v‹u;1ol;m7-1bom;vr-u--†l;m|-u
mbˆ;Ѵ;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķr-uঞ;m7o7;†m;m=ot†;t†;0ubm7-†m-vol0ubѴѴ-
1om1;r|†-Ѵ‹-m-Ѵझঞ1--lrѴb-rou;m1bl-7;;m=ot†;vv;1|oub-Ѵ;vĺ

ovu;v†Ѳ|-7ov7;Ѳm=oul;u;-Cul-mt†; existe un vínculo entre la pobreza y el em-


barazo adolescenteĶ‹ -]u;]-m bm=oul-1bࡱm u;vr;1|o 7; blr-1|ov -7b1bom-Ѳ;v t†; bm1b7;m
;mv†vrovb0bѲb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѲѲo_†l-mo;m޳u;-v1oloѲo]uov;7†1-ࢼˆovĶ=oul-1bࡱm;bmv;u1bࡱm
Ѳ-0ou-ѲĶv-Ѳ†7v;Š†-Ѳ‹u;ruo7†1ࢼˆ-Ķ;l0-u-Œovv†0vb]†b;m|;vĶ;Šr;1|-ࢼˆ-v‹rѲ-m;v7;ˆb7-Ķ1om=ou-
mación de la unidad familiar y estabilidad de las uniones, además de la consabida responsabilidad de
los padres biológicos de los/as hijos/as de las madres adolescentes.

6 PRESENTACIÓN
INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

v|;m=oul;|u-;;Ѵ;l;m|ovblrou|-m|;v-u;v-Ѵ|-u7;v7;;Ѵr†m|o7;ˆbv|-l;|-
o7oѴॕ]b1oĹѴ--rѴb1-1bॕm7;†m-m࢙Ѵbvbvt†;1om|;lrѴ-;m=ot†;v|-m|o7;1ou|;
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-1|ou;v -7b1bom-Ѵ;v - Ѵ-v fॕˆ;m;v o0f;|o 7;Ѵ ;v|†7boķ bm1Ѵ†‹;m7o Ѵ- r-u;f- o ;Ѵ
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lbu-7-ĺ mo|u-vr-Ѵ-0u-vķr-u-t†;;Ѵ desarrollo humano sea realmente para
todas las personasŋ|-Ѵ‹1olov;rѴ-m|;-;m;ѴিѴঞlobm=oul;l†m7b-Ѵvo0u;
7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moŋv;u;t†b;u;†m-0ou7-f;7;Ѵov7bvঞm|ov-1|ou;vņ-v7;m|uo
7;Ѵ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-1olo|-l0b࣐mѴovv;1|ou;vķ7bm࢙lb1-vķbmb1b-ঞˆ-v‹roѴझঞ1-vĺ

El documento aborda el impacto del embarazo sobre las capacidades y oportuni-


7-7;v-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķ1†-mঞC1-;Ѵ1ov|o7;orou|†mb7-71omu;vr;1|o
-fॕˆ;m;vl†f;u;vt†;mov;;l0-u-Œ-uom‹rom;;Ѵ࣐m=-vbv;m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;
roѴझঞ1-vbm|;]u-Ѵ;vr-u-;m=u;m|-u;v|;ruo0Ѵ;l-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵŋ‹-t†;l࢙v
7;Ѵolbvloubm7;l;mov;m;v|;1om|;Š|oĺ

Ѵ;v|†7bo|-l0b࣐mu;ˆ;Ѵ-t†;;Šbv|;†m-Ѵ|o1ov|o7;orou|†mb7-7-vo1b-7o-Ѵ
;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;m1olr-u-1bॕm1om-t†;ѴѴ-vfॕˆ;m;vl†f;u;vt†;rov|;u-
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t†;;m;Ѵ1om|;Š|o7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ŋ1-u-1|;ubŒ-7orouorou|†mb7-7;vѴblb|-7-v
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bv|;m|;vĺou|-m|oķ;Ѵr-झvঞ;m;|;l-vr;m7b;m|;vt†;u;voѴˆ;u;ml-|;ub-7;
7;u;1_ov‹ roѴझঞ1-v rি0Ѵb1-v 7; 1-Ѵb7-7 t†;ķ 7; v;u -|;m7b7-vķ u;7†m7-u࢙m ;m
l;fou;vu;v†Ѵ|-7ovr-u-|o7ov‹|o7-vĺ

-bmˆb|-1bॕm-Ѵ;;u;v|;7o1†l;m|o;v|-l0b࣐m†m-;Š_ou|-1bॕm-1omঞm†-uu;-
Y;Šbom-m7o‹-ru;m7b;m7ovo0u;†m|;l-t†;ķ7;v;u-0ou7-7o7;l-m;u-bm|;-
]u-Ѵ1omroѴझঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-v1oou7bm-7-v‹;vr;1b-ѴbŒ-7-vķr;ulbঞu࢙-Ѵr-झv;m1-lb-
m-uv;_-1b-†m7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mol࢙vbm1Ѵ†vbˆo‹vov|;mb0Ѵ;ķr;uovo0u;|o7o†m
7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;1-Ѵb7-7ķ1omvom-m|;1omѴ-];m7-ƑƏƒƏ‹1om|ub0†‹;m7o
-ѴѴo]uo7;Ѵov0f;ঞˆov7; ;v-uuoѴѴo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;;mƑƏƒƏĺ

Lorenzo Jiménez de Luis


oou7bm-7ou!;vb7;m|;7;Ѵ"bv|;l-7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-v‹
!;ru;v;m|-m|;!;vb7;m|;7;Ѵ& !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-

PRESENTACIÓN 7
INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

AGRADECIMIENTOS
El PNUD República Dominicana reconoce la labor realizada por un grupo de
u;ˆbvou;vĶt†;0ubm7-uom-v;vou࠸-;Šr;u|-7;v7;v†v;Šr;uࢼ1b-v|ߪ1mb1-vĶ;m;Ѳruo1;vo
de elaboración del Informe.

Comité Revisor del Informe Mesa de Discusión de Resultados

);ѴѴbm]|om um-†7 Őolbvbॕm 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo ;vিv m7িf-u Őbmbv|;ubo 7; 7†1-1bॕmőķ l;Ѵ‹ ࢙;Œ
7; Ѵ- ࢙l-u- 7; br†|-7ovőķ †Ѵ1; _-_bm Ő& őķ Ő7;Ѵ-m|; ॕˆ;m;v 7;Ѵ-m|;őķ  m7b-m- -ubm-v Őbmbv-
Ѵ;Šbv u†Œ Ő + őķ o†u7;v om|u;u-v Ő$ őķ |;ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ি0Ѵb1-őķझ1b7-;Ѵ|u࣐Őbmbv|;ubo7;Ѵ-
b1_;Ѵ- - !o7- ŐѴ-m m|;um-1bom-Ѵőķ !ov- Ѵ1-u|; †f;uőķ ॕmbh- -uubॕm Őbmbv|;ubo 7; "-Ѵ†7 ি0Ѵb1-őķ
Ő& őķ ;-mmb; ;uu;u-v Ő& őķ ‹um- Ѵou;v !-lom- †=;lb-7;Ѵ-u†ŒŐőķ†-m-uѴov ;
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lbu-†;uu;uo-u1-moŐ  őķm-bঞѴ-ou- Ő7;Ѵ-m|;ॕˆ;m;v7;Ѵ-m|;őķov࣐!-=-;Ѵ ;Ѵ-m1;uŐuo-
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 őķ ˆ࢙m ]-m7o Ő "őķov࣐m|ombo ;ѴѴ;u-mo 1bॕm7;oѴझঞ1-v"o1b-Ѵ;vőķ;u1;7;v;|-mb-;];uŐb-
Ő"& őķ lbѴb-m-;ो-Őbmbv|;ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ি0Ѵb1-őķ mbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmőķ b-m--m1;0oŐbmbv|;ubo7;
!-t†;Ѵbl;m|;ѴŐbmbv|;ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ি0Ѵb1-őķ-ub-- "-Ѵ†7ি0Ѵb1-őķbѴb-m--u|‹Őbmbv|;ubo7;Ѵ-†f;uőķ+m-
m;Ѵ-bm-Ѵ;vŐbmbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmőķˆ;‚"†0;uo 7bu-ou-Ѵ;vŐbmbv|;ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ি0Ѵb1-őķbm;uˆ-࣐u;Œ
Ő  őķ"omb-(࢙vt†;ŒŐ& őĺ Őbmbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmőķ-b=;ubो-Ő7;Ѵ-m|;ॕˆ;m;v
7;Ѵ-m|;őķ-]-Ѵ‹"lb|_Ő(" őĺ

8 AGRADECIMIENTOS
INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

]u-7;1blb;m|ovmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ;v ]u-7;1blb;m|ov;uvom-Ѵ;v

Ѵ &  !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m- u;1omo1; ;vr;1b-Ѵ- ]u-7;1;lov7;=oul-;vr;1b-Ѵ-ou;mŒobl࣐m;Œ7;


l;m|;;Ѵ-ro‹o7;†m-v;ub;7;bmvঞ|†1bom;vvbm1†‹- †bvķruor†Ѵvou7;;v|;|u-0-fo‹-0-m7;u-7o7;Ѵ|;l-ĺ
1oѴ-0ou-1bॕm;v|;m=oul;mo_†0b;u-vb7orovb0Ѵ;Ĺ"bv-
$-l0b࣐mv;u;1omo1;mѴov-rou|;v;Š|u-ou7bm-ubovu;--
|;l- ࡛mb1o 7; ;m;C1b-ubov Ő"& őķ bmbv|;ubo 7;
lizados por Luciana Mermet, George Gray Molina,
"-Ѵ†7 ি0Ѵb1-ķ bu;11bॕm ;m;u-Ѵ 7; uo]u-l-v vr;-
-ঞѴ7; _࢙ˆ;Œ 7; ‫ܬ‬Ѵˆ-u;Œķ ‫ܬ‬m];Ѵ -l-1_oķ o_m‹
1b-Ѵ;v7;Ѵ-u;vb7;m1b-Ő   őķbmbv|;ubo7; 1o-
;Ѵ|u࢙mķm7b-m--ubm-v‹!b|-;m-ĺ
molझ-ķ Ѵ-mbC1-1bॕm‹ ;v-uuoѴѴo Ő + őķ bmbv|;ubo
7;Ѵ-†ˆ;m|†7ķbmbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmķbmbv|;ubo7; ]†-Ѵl;m|;v;-]u-7;1;;Ѵ-ro‹o7;ov࣐1_;1-u_†-
Ѵ-†f;uķ(b1;u;vb7;m1b-7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1-ķ-0bm;|;7; r-mbķ bѴb- ;m1ovl;ķ u-mhѴbm b1-vbo ;ѴbŒķ b1oѴ࢙v
oou7bm-1bॕm7;oѴझঞ1-"o1b-Ѵķomv;fo-1bom-Ѵr-u- িो;Œķ+-t†;Ѵbm omঞѴѴ-ķ ;u-u7o b|-ķѴ;f-m7uo --
Ѵ-bो;Œ‹Ѵ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-Őőķomv;fo-1bom-Ѵ 1_;1oķomŒ-ѴobŒ-uuoķom-|_-m-ѴѴķ_ubvঞm-;m];-
r-u-;Ѵ(‹;Ѵ"b7-Ő(" őķ7;Ѵ-m|;ॕˆ;m;v =;Ѵ7;uķ-buo ;um࢙m7;Œbl࣐m;Œķov࣐u;]oubo bomb1bo
7;Ѵ-m|; Őőķ Ѵ-m †bvt†;‹- b]m-ķ -1†Ѵ|-7 -ঞ- -uঠm;Œķˆ࢙m-u;7;vķb1_;ѴѴ;!bˆ-vķ-uoѴbm-1†ो-ķ
mo-l;ub1-m-7;b;m1b-v"o1b-Ѵ;vŐ "őķ bu;11bॕm †1-";u-Cmb‹!o0;u|--v-Ѵ-ĺ
;m;u-Ѵ 7; oor;u-1bॕm †ѴঞѴ-|;u-Ѵ Ő  őķ
Se hace un reconocimiento especial a la familia
;m|uo7; v|†7bov7;࣐m;uo7;$ ķѴ-mm|;um--
u-|vŊ(;m|ॕvrou1;7;u;Ѵ†vo7;Ѵ-bl-];m“Niñas con
1bom-Ѵķ! ķ bu;11bॕm;m;u-Ѵ7;lr†;v|ov
Mariposas Amarillas” t†;vbl0oѴbŒ-;Ѵl;mv-f;7;;v|;
m|;umovŐ őķ om7o7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vr-u-Ѵ-
m=oul;ķ‹7-v;mঞ7o-v†vu;1ol;m7-1bom;vĺ
m=-m1b-Ő& őķ om7o7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v
&mb7-vŐ& őķ࢙l-u-7; br†|-7ov7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1-
olbmb1-m-ĺ

AGRADECIMIENTOS 9
SIGLAS Y ACRÓNIMOS

ŊĹ7;Ѵ-m|;ॕˆ;m;v7;Ѵ-m|; Ŋ! Ĺm|;um-ঞom-Ѵ!;v;-u1_-m7 ;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|=ou†l-m


Beings
ŊĹvo1b-1bॕm-ঞmo-l;ub1-m-7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm
- $"ņ $"Ĺm=;11bom;v7;$u-mvlbvbॕm";Š†-Ѵņ m=;ul;7-7;v7;
ŊĹl࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;
$u-mvlbvbॕm";Š†-Ѵ
- $ $Ĺ$u-|-lb;m|ouol;7bovo0u;Ѵov$u-|-7ovŐˆ;u-];
Ŋ(Ĺ߈m7b1;7;(†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7=u;m|;-_ot†;vѴbl࢙ঞ1ov
$u;-|l;m| @;1|om|_;$u;-|;7ķvb]Ѵ-v;mbm]Ѵ࣐vőĺ
Ŋ + Ĺbmbv|;ubo7; 1omolझ-ķѴ-mbC1-1bॕm‹ ;v-uuoѴѴo
Ŋ! Ĺ-m1o;m|u-Ѵ7;!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-
ŊĹॕˆ;m;vt†;mb;v|†7b-mmb|u-0-f-m
Ŋ Ĺ-m1om|;uŊl;ub1-mo7; ;v-uuoѴѴo
Ŋ "Ĺ0f;ঞˆov7; ;v-uuoѴѴo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;
Ŋ Ĺolbvbॕm 1omॕlb1-r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;
Ŋ$Ĺu]-mbŒ-1bॕmm|;um-1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵ$u-0-fo
ŊĹomv;fo-1bom-Ѵr-u-Ѵ-bो;Œ‹Ѵ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-
Ŋ ĹC1bm--1bom-Ѵ7; v|-7झvঞ1-
Ŋ(" Ĺomv;fo-1bom-Ѵr-u-;Ѵ(‹;Ѵ"b7-
ŊĹu]-mbŒ-1bom;vo†0;um-l;m|-Ѵ;v
Ŋ Ĺlo7;Ѵov7; b=;u;m1b-v;m b=;u;m1b-v
ŊĹmb1b-ঞˆ-7;Š=ou7vo0u;o0u;Œ-‹ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l--
Ŋ Ĺ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo no
Ŋ  Ĺ bu;11bॕm;m;u-Ѵ7;oor;u-1bॕm†ѴঞѴ-|;u-Ѵ Ŋ Ĺo0Ѵ-1bॕm 1omॕlb1-l;m|;1ঞˆ-
Ŋ Ĺ bu;11bॕm;m;u-Ѵ7;lr†;v|ovm|;umov ŊĹuo7†1|om|;umou†|o
Ŋ Ĺ l0-u-Œo;m7oѴ;v1;m|;v Ŋ& Ĺuo]u-l-7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vr-u-;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴo
Ŋ  Ĺ v|u-|;]b--1bom-Ѵ7; ;v-uuoѴѴo Ŋ!"Ĺuo]u-l--1bom-Ѵ7;|;m1bॕmm|;]u-Ѵ-Ѵ-
Ŋ  "Ĺ m1†;v|- ;lo]u࢙C1-‹7;"-Ѵ†7 "-Ѵ†77;Ѵov‹Ѵ-v7oѴ;v1;m|;v

Ŋ  $Ĺ m1†;v|--1bom-Ѵ7; †;uŒ-7;$u-0-fo Ŋ";-"Ĺ";]†uo-1bom-Ѵ7;"-Ѵ†7

Ŋ !Ŋ"Ĺ m1†;v|--1bom-Ѵ7;o]-u;v7;uorॕvb- Ŋ"& Ĺ"bv|;l-࡛mb1o7;;m;C1b-ubov


|ovিѴঞrѴ;v Ŋ"( Ĺ"bv|;l--1bom-Ѵ7;(b]bѴ-m1b- rb7;lboѴॕ]b1-
Ŋ "Ĺ -1†Ѵ|-7-ঞmo-l;ub1-m-7;b;m1b-v"o1b-Ѵ;v Ŋ""!Ĺ";uˆb1bov7;"-Ѵ†7";Š†-Ѵ‹!;ruo7†1ঞˆ-
Ŋ(Ĺbfovņ-v-1b7ovņ-vˆbˆovņ-v Ŋ$ Ĺ|-v-;vr;1झC1-7;=;1†m7b7-7
Ŋ(Ĺ߈m7b1;7;-Ѵb7-77;(b7- Ŋ$ Ĺ|-v-]Ѵo0-Ѵ7;=;1†m7b7-7
Ŋ Ĺ߈m7b1;7; ;vb]†-Ѵ7-77;࣐m;uo Ŋ$vĹ$;1moѴo]झ-v7;Ѵ-m=oul-1bॕm‹Ѵ-ol†mb1-1bॕm
Ŋ Ĺ߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo Ŋ& "Ĺ&mb7-77; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;7;Ѵ&
Ŋ rĹ߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mouoˆbm1b-Ѵ Ŋ&vĹ&mb7-7;v7;|;m1bॕmubl-ub-
Ŋ  Ĺmvঞ|†|o-1bom-Ѵ7;b;m;v|-u v|†7b-mঞѴ Ŋ& Ĺ om7o7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-v
Ŋ $ Ĺmvঞ|†|o7; oul-1bॕm$࣐1mb1ouo=;vbom-Ѵ Ŋ& Ĺ om7o7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vr-u-Ѵ-m=-m1b-
Ŋ$ Ĺmvঞ|†|o$;1moѴॕ]b1o7;"-m|o olbm]o Ŋ(Ĺ(bu†v7;ml†mo7;C1b;m1b-†l-m-
ŊĹ߈m7b1;7;o0u;Œ-†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ

10 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ACERCA DEL INFORME
NACIONAL SOBRE

DESARROLLO
HUMANO 2017

EN 1990,;Ѵuo]u-l-7;-1bom;v&mb7-vr-u-;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴor†0Ѵb1ॕ;Ѵrubl;um=oul;vo0u; ;-
v-uuoѴѴo†l-moķbm1Ѵ†‹;m7oѴ-ru;v;m|-1bॕm7;Ѵ߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĺom†m-ru;lbv-
0࢙vb1-‹u-7b1-Ѵr-u--t†;ѴѴ-࣐ro1-ķ;v|-0Ѵ;1bॕt†;;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo7;†mr-झv7;0;l;7buv;
movॕѴo-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵbm]u;vom-1bom-Ѵķvbmo|-l0b࣐mv;]িmѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;v-Ѵ†7‹;7†1-1bॕmĺ

(;bm|;-ोov7;vr†࣐vķ;Ѵr-u-7b]l-7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-movb]†;vb;m7obm7bv1†ঞ0Ѵ;Ĺ;Ѵ0b;m;v|-u7;
†mr-झvo†m-r;uvom-;vl†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ‹mor†;7;l;7buv;িmb1-l;m|;-r-uঞu7;v†bm]u;voķ
ru;lbv-t†;_-oub;m|-7oѴ-u;7-11bॕm7;bm=oul;v]Ѵo0-Ѵ;vķu;]bom-Ѵ;v‹m-1bom-Ѵ;vĺ

mƑƏƏƔķ;Ѵ& !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ѵ-mŒॕv†rubl;um=oul;-1bom-Ѵvo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†-


l-mo1om†m-ˆbvbॕm7;7;v-uuoѴѴo1;m|u-7-;mѴ-vr;uvom-vĺ ;v7;;m|om1;vķ;v|ovbm=oul;v_-m
1om|;lrѴ-7o|;l-v1oloѴ-bm1Ѵ†vbॕmvo1b-ѴķroѴझঞ1-vvo1b-Ѵ;vr-u-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ;Ѵ7;v--
uuoѴѴoѴo1-Ѵķ;Ѵ;lro7;u-lb;m|o‹Ѵ-v7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v|;uub|oub-Ѵ;vĺ

v|ovbm=oul;vvombmv|u†l;m|ov1Ѵ-ˆ;vr-u-;Ѵ7b࢙Ѵo]om-1bom-Ѵ‹r-u-Ѵ-=oul†Ѵ-1bॕm7;roѴझঞ1-v
rি0Ѵb1-vbm|;]u-Ѵ;v‹;ml-u1-7-v;mѴov0f;ঞˆov7; ;v-uuoѴѴo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;ĺ

v|;-ोoƑƏƐƕķ;Ѵm=oul;-1bom-Ѵ7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moķ;Ѵrubl;uo7;†m-v;ub;7;bm=oul;v
t†;ruo7†1bu࢙;Ѵ& ;mѴov†1;vbˆoķ-m-ѴbŒ-Ѵovˆझm1†Ѵov;m|u;ro0u;Œ-‹;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;
1olo7;v-ࣱov†u];m|;vr-u-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺ

-;Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;;v|;m=oul;bmb1bॕ_-1;-Ѵu;7;7ou7;†m-ोoķ1;m|u-m7ov†v;v=†;uŒov;m-v;-
]†u-ut†;;Ѵruo1;vo=†;u-r-uঞ1br-ঞˆo;bm1Ѵ†vbˆoĺ-u-;v|ovCm;vķv;;v|-0Ѵ;1b;uom7ov;vr-1bov
7;7bv1†vbॕm‹ˆ-Ѵb7-1bॕml†Ѵঞ7bv1brѴbm-ubov1om=oul-7ovrou-1|ou;vņ-v1Ѵ-ˆ;7;Ѵv;1|ourি0Ѵb1oķ
-1-7;lb-‹vo1b;7-71bˆbѴĹ;Ѵolb|࣐!;ˆbvou‹Ѵ-;v-7; bv1†vbॕm7;!;v†Ѵ|-7ovĺ-1om=oul--
1bॕm7;;v|ov]u†rovl-u1ॕ†m_b|oblrou|-m|;;mѴ-u;7-11bॕm7;Ѵ7o1†l;m|oķt†;r;ulbঞॕ†m-
ruo=†m7b7-77;-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;Ѵov7b=;u;m|;vv;1|ou;vu;ru;v;m|-7ovĺ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 11


RESUMEN EJECUTIVO

EL EMBARAZO;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;v†m=;mॕl;mol†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķloঞˆ-7orou7b=;-
u;m|;v1-†v-vķ-=;1|-m7oѴ-];m;u-1bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v‹orou|†mb7-7;v7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vĺ
ov 7-|ov oC1b-Ѵ;v 7bvromb0Ѵ;v bm7b1-m t†; r-u- !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m- ;Ѵ ƑƑѷ 7; Ѵ-v
l†f;u;v;m|u;ƐƑŊƐƖ-ोov_-m;v|-7o;l0-u-Œ-7-vĺ v|-|-v-;vƒƓѷl࢙v-Ѵ|-t†;;Ѵ
ruol;7bo7;Ѵovr-झv;v7;l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ķru;v;m|-m7o†m-u;vbv|;m1b--Ѵ-
0-f-;ml࢙v7;|u;v7࣐1-7-vŐƐƖѶƏŊƑƏƐƔőĺvblbvloķѴ-v;ˆb7;m1b-v7bvromb0Ѵ;vv;ो--
Ѵ-mt†;;Ѵr-झvu;]bv|u-Ѵ-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;l࢙v-Ѵ|-ŐƐƏƏĺѵ(ŠƐķƏƏƏ
l†f;u;v7;ƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोovőA;m|u;Ѵovr-झv;v7;Ѵ-1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moѴ|o
Ő& ķƑƏƐѵőĺ m;v|;v;mঞ7oķ-†mt†;-mbˆ;Ѵ]Ѵo0-Ѵov|;m|-Ѵ-1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm7; ;v-uuo-
ѴѴo†l-moѴ|oķѴ-v|-v-vu;]bv|u-7-v7;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;m;Ѵr-झvvomvblbѴ-u;v
-Ѵ-v7;Ѵovr-झv;v7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo-foķ1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm_bv|ॕub1-l;m|;v†r;u-7-rou
!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Bĺ v|-v;v|-7झvঞ1-vvomu;ˆ;Ѵ-7ou-v7;Ѵ-vѴblb|-1bom;v;Šbv|;m|;v
r-u-l;fou-u;Ѵ7;v;lr;ोo7;;v|;bm7b1-7ouķt†;l†;ˆ;m-u;=oul†Ѵ-u7;=oul-†u];m|;
u;vr†;v|-v7;roѴझঞ1-rি0Ѵb1-ĺ

m;v|;|;mou‹r-uঞ;m7o7;v7;;Ѵ;m=ot†;7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ;v|;m=oul;ঞ;m;
1olo o0f;ঞˆo 7;|;ulbm-u ‹ 1-u-1|;ubŒ-u Ѵov blr-1|ov ;m ;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo 7; Ѵ-v
l†f;u;vŋ;vr;1b-Ѵl;m|;-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;;Šr;ubl;m|-uom;l0-u-Œo7†u-m|;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m-
1b-Ŋ7;v7;†m-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴķruboubŒ-m7oѴ-v࢙u;-v];o]u࢙C1-v7;-Ѵ|-
bm1b7;m1b-7;ro0u;Œ-ĺ";-m-ѴbŒ-mѴ-v7b=;u;m1b-vu;]bv|u-7-v;mbm7b1-7ou;v1Ѵ-ˆ;r-u-;Ѵ
0b;m;v|-uķ;m|u;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;=†;uoml-7u;v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;rov|;u-
]-uom;Ѵ;l0-u-Œor-u-†m-;|-r-rov|;ubouĺ-v7b=;u;m1b-v;m1om|u-7-v;m|u;;v|ov7ov
]u†rov7;l†f;u;vķo;Ѵ;=;1|om;|oķ;vѴot†;ѴѴ-l-lov1ov|o7;orou|†mb7-7r-u-v†
desarrollo humanoCĺ

Ѵl-u1o7;-m࢙Ѵbvbv†ঞѴbŒ-7oķt†;r-u|;7;†m-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ‹-vo1b-7o-
Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;vr-u-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķr;ulb|;-0ou7-u
1om;ˆb7;m1b-vo|uov;Ѵ;l;m|ov‹-1|ou;vu;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;v1olovomĹ;Ѵ;m|oumo7om7;ˆbˆ;Ѵ-

A
Si bien es cierto que en el contexto dominicano se deben incorporar al análisis las niñas de 10-15 años para ilustrar mejor la realidad social, a nivel internacional y
m-1bom-ѴѴ-v;v|-7झvঞ1-v-িmmou;Y;f-mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-|;lru-m-‹v;;m=o1-m;mѴ-vl†f;u;v7;ƐƔŊƐƖ-ोovĺ
B
m=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĹ ;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mor-u-|o7-vѴ-vr;uvom-vŐ& ķƑƏƐѵőĺ
C
";b7;mঞC1-uomˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vt†;ঞ;m;ml-‹oublr-1|o;mѴ-vr࣐u7b7-v7;orou|†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo‹rouv†1ouu;Ѵ-1bॕmঞ;m;m;=;1|ov;ml-m|;m;u;v|;
v;]l;m|o7;ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;m1om7b1bom;v7;ro0u;Œ-ŐѴblb|-uv†v-Ѵb7-őobm1Ѵ†voruo=†m7bŒ-uѴ-ĺ ;;v|-l-m;u-v;r†;7;u;-ѴbŒ-u†m--ruoŠbl-1bॕm7;Ѵov1ov|ov7;
orou|†mb7-7t†;ঞ;m;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-r-u-;ѴѴo]uo7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ

12 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķv†vr-7u;vķv†r-u;f-o;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o Ő;Šŋ-m|;vő1oloroѴझঞ1-vr-u--|;m1bॕm‹ruo|;11bॕmŐ;Š
7;v†rubl;u_bfoņ-ķmoul-v‹r;u1;r1bom;vˆb];m|;v;m- rov|őķt†;;m1omf†m|o-v;]†u;ml-‹ou;vorou|†mb7-7;v
|oumo-Ѵ;l0-u-Œo|;lru-moķ;m|u;o|u-vĺ ‹or1bom;vr-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vvbmblrou|-uѴ-;|-r-;mt†;
;Šr;ubl;m|;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ&m-roѴझঞ1-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ
ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵm=oul;bm7b1-mt†;;Ѵ1ov|o7;orou-
7;=ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m|o7;1-r-1b7-7;v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vfॕˆ;m;v
|†mb7-7 7; |;m;u †m ;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- ŋ ;m
-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķblrѴb1-uझ-bm|;]u-u;v|-v7ov
Ѵov;m|oumov7;ro0u;Œ-bmˆ;vঞ]-7ovŊ;v-Ѵ|oķ‹-t†;Ѵov
;v|u-|;]b-vĺ;v|ov;v†l-7;l-m;u-|u-mvˆ;uv-Ѵl;fou-u
_o]-u;v1oml†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵ-
;Ѵ-Ѵ1-m1;‹1-Ѵb7-77;roѴझঞ1-v†mbˆ;uv-Ѵ;vr-u--0ou7-u
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ru;v;m|-ml;fou;v1om7b1bom;vvo1bo;1omॕ-
0u;1_-v;Šbv|;m|;vĺ v|ov;u;C;u;roѴझঞ1-v;7†1-ঞˆ-vķ7;
lb1-vt†;Ѵov_o]-u;v1oml†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom
v-Ѵ†7ķ7;ˆbˆb;m7-ķ7;;lrѴ;oķ7o1†l;m|-1bॕm‹vbv|;l-v
;m7b1_-;|-r-ĺ vr;1झC1-l;m|;ķѴ-l†f;ut†;;Šr;ubl;m-
7;1†b7ot†;bm1Ѵ†‹-mruo]u-l-v;vr;1झC1ovr-u-l†f;-
ta el embarazo más tarde ingresa más fácilmente a la po-
u;vt†;_-mvb7ol-7u;v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
0Ѵ-1bॕm;1omॕlb1-l;m|;-1ঞˆ-ķঞ;m7;-1-v-uv;o†mbuv;
1om†m-r;uvom-7;l-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo‹u;vb7;;m†m Los retos del embarazo adolescente trascienden las ac-
_o]-u1oml-‹ou1-mঞ7-77;r;u1;r|ou;v7;bm]u;vovrou 1bom;v 7; 1†-Ѵt†b;u v;1|ou vo1b-Ѵ ŋv-Ѵ†7ķ ;7†1-1bॕm o
|-l-ोo7;Ѵ_o]-uĺ"†v_bfovņ-v|-l0b࣐mঞ;m;ml;mou;v ]࣐m;uoĺ m;v;1om|;Š|oķѴ-v-11bom;vľ;Š-m|;Ŀr-u-Ѵ-
posibilidades de morir en la primera infancia, de no acce- ru;ˆ;m1bॕm 7; ѴovņѴ-v t†; -িm mo vom r-7u;vņl-7u;vķ
7;u-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm‹7;mo|;m;u7o1†l;m|-1bॕmĺ -Ѵ b]†-Ѵ t†; -11bom;v ľ;Š rov|Ŀ 7; 1omv|u†11bॕm 7; u;-
vbѴb;m1b-Őr-u-Ѵ-vt†;‹-voml-7u;vņr-7u;vőķvom1ol-
m†mlol;m|o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-t†;7;0;;v|-u;m=o1--
rѴ;l;m|-ub-vĺvblbvloķ 7;0;m vb|†-uv; ;m †m ;vr-1bo
do en el desarrollo de capacidades de cara a la adultez,
;vr;1झC1oŋ1om†m;m=ot†;|;uub|oub-ѴŌ‹7;0;mblrѴ;-
r-u-Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v;v|†7b-7-vv;1-u-1|;ubŒ-l࢙v0b;mrou
l;m|-uv;-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵঞ;lroŋ1om†m;m=ot†;7;1b1Ѵo
Ѵ- -7or1bॕm 7; u;vromv-0bѴb7-7;v t†; vo0u;r-v-m v†v
7;ˆb7-ĺ v|oblrѴb1-†m-m†;ˆ--ut†b|;1|†u-7;roѴझঞ1-v
mbˆ;Ѵ;v7;l-7†u;Œ‹ru;r-u-1bॕmĺ
ŋ7;-|;uubŒ-f;|;uub|oub-Ѵ‹-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-Ō
oo0v|-m|;ķ;Ѵbm=oul;bm7b1-t†;Ѵ-v1omv;1†;m1b-v7; t†;0†v1-|u-v1;m7;uѴ-bm;u1b-7;l࢙vŊ7;ŊѴoŊlbvlo;m
;v|;;ˆ;m|oķ‹Ѵot†;;ѴѴo-1-uu;-ķmovombuu;ˆ;uvb0Ѵ;vĺ Ѵ--];m7-7;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ
--rѴb1-1bॕm7;roѴझঞ1-vt†;Ѵ;vr;ulb|-m-Ѵ-vl†f;u;v
Ѵ m=oul; ruomom; |u;v Ѵझm;-v 7; -11bॕm t†; -]u†r-m
-1†l†Ѵ-u1-r-1b7-7;v‹_-0bѴb7-7;vķ-m|;v‹7;vr†࣐v7;
bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v r-u- -=uom|-u ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|;
1omˆ;uঞuv;;ml-7u;vķ7;0;v;ur-u|;bm|uझmv;1-7;Ѵ-v
‹ v†v blr-1|ovĹ bő u;vr†;v|-v l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ;v ;m ;Ѵ
roѴझঞ1-v t†; v; 7;v-uuoѴѴ;m r-u- -0ou7-u ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo
l-u1o7;Ѵ--];m7-ƑƏƒƏķbbő†m--ut†b|;1|†u-7;roѴझ-
-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ
ঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-vbm|;]u-Ѵ;v‹bbbő†m]u†ro7;l;7b7-vbm|;-
olov;rѴ-m|;-ķѴ-v1-r-1b7-7;v_†l-m-vvom-1†l†Ѵ-- ]u-Ѵ;v o ľ1ol0ovĿ |;uub|oub-Ѵ;vĺ -u- ;ѴѴo v; b7;mঞC1-m
ঞˆ-v‹Ѵ-bmˆ;uvbॕmvo1b-Ѵ7;0;l-m|;m;uv;-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ una serie de aceleradores o disparadores del embarazo
1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķvb;m7om;1;v-ubobm|;mvbC1-u;m=†m1bॕm7; -7oѴ;v1;m|;-Ѵb]†-Ѵt†;blr†Ѵvou;v7;1-l0bot†;r†;-
las etapas de mayores riesgos, una de ellas la adolescen- 7;m]†b-uѴ-vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;v=†|†u-vĺ v|o1omѴѴ;ˆ-|-m|o
1b-ĺ m ;v|; 1om|;Š|oķ ;v blrou|-m|; =ol;m|-u roѴझঞ1-v †m-l;fou-uঞ1†Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-v;Šbv|;m|;v1olo
|-m|or-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-|;lru-m-;7-7 ;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;m†;ˆ-vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;vĺ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 13


INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

ÍNDICE

u;v;m|-1bॕmĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɣ

Agradecimientosĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ѷ

bv|-7;vb]Ѵ-v‹-1uॕmblovĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƏ

"o0u;;Ѵm=oul;-1bom-Ѵ7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moƑƏƐƕĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƐ

!;v†l;m f;1†ঞˆoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƑ

;uvr;1ঞˆ-];m;u-Ѵĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƑƐ
Ŋ 1;u1-7;Ѵr-u-7b]l-7;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƑƐ
- Pobreza y embarazo adolescenteĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ƒƒ
Ŋ Ѵ1om|;Š|o7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƑƓ
Ŋ 0f;ঞˆov‹7;|-ѴѴ;v7;Ѵm=oul;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƒƔ
Ŋ om|;mb7o7;Ѵm=oul;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƒƕ

Capítulo 1: Ѵ l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ĺ;ˆoѴ†1bॕm‹|;m7;m1b-vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƒƖ


Ŋ m|uo7†11bॕmĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓƏ
Ŋ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo‹Ѵ-=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓƏ
- Logros Nacionales opacados por la tasa de embarazos en adolescentesĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓƓ
Ŋ olrou|-lb;m|ov†0Ŋm-1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo‹ro0u;Œ-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓƔ
Ŋ (-ub-0Ѵ;v-vo1b-7-v-Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-mo;ŠrѴb1-m;Ѵ=;mॕl;mo7;l-m;u-bm7;r;m7b;m|;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓƖ
Ŋ om1Ѵ†vbom;vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƔƔ

Capítulo 2: lrѴb-m7oѴ-lbu-7-Ĺ1ov|ov7;orou|†mb7-77;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɣƕ
Ŋ m|uo7†11bॕmĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƔѶ
Ŋ ;|-ѴѴ;v7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƔƖ
Ŋ ov|ov7;orou|†mb7-7r-u-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-morou;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƖ
Ŋ om1Ѵ†vbom;vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɩѵ

ÍNDICE 15
INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

Capítulo 3: ;uvr;1ঞˆ-v‹-vrbu-1bom;vĹm-uu-m7o_bv|oub-vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƖƖ
Ŋ m|uo7†11bॕmĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƏƏ
Ŋ omvb7;u-1bom;vl;|o7oѴॕ]b1-vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƏƐ
Ŋ ѿ †࣐mov7b1;mѴ-vņѴov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĵĹubm1br-Ѵ;v_-ѴѴ-Œ]ovĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƏƐ
Ŋ om1Ѵ†vbom;vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƐѵ

Capítulo 4: oѴझঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-v;Šbv|;m|;vr-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺƐƐƖ
Ŋ m|uo7†11bॕmĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƑƏ
Ŋ Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mѴ-rѴ-mbC1-1bॕmrি0Ѵb1-7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺƐƑƏ
Ŋ oѴझঞ1-v-1|†-Ѵ;vt†;1om|ub0†‹;m-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺƐƑƓ
Ŋ om1Ѵ†vbom;vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƒƐ

Capítulo 5: -1b-roѴझঞ1-v‹;v|u-|;]b-vl†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ;vr-u-;Šr-m7buѴ-vorou|†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo
 _†l-mor-u-;m=u;m|-u;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƒƔ
Ŋ !;1ol;m7-1bom;v7;roѴझঞ1-vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɛƒƕ
Ŋ !;vr†;v|-vl†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ;vr-u-Ѵ-];m7-ƑƏƒƏĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƒƖ
Ŋ ut†b|;1|†u-7;roѴझঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-vbm|;]u-Ѵ;vr-u-;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƓƏ
- Grupo de medidas o combos territorialesĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƓƒ

Anexosĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƓƕ
Ŋ m;ŠoƐĹ;|o7oѴo]झ-7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƓѶ
Ŋ m;ŠoƑņ;vঞom-ubo-rѴb1-7o-_o]-u;vv;Ѵ;11bom-7ov7;Ѵ"& Ő;m=ot†;1†-mঞ|-ঞˆoőĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺƐƔѶ
Ŋ m;ŠoƒĹ†झ-7;ru;]†m|-v7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v-ruo=†m7b7-7-rѴb1-7-v--7oѴ;v1;m|;vķr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov
 7;Ѵovrubl;uov_bfovņ-v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vv†f;|o7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmķ‹lb;l0uov7;Ѵ-1ol†mb7-7
 Ő;m=ot†;1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆoőĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƕƏ

b0Ѵbo]u-ࣱ-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƕƔ

RECUADROS
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐĹom1;r|o7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƑѶ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƑĹ ˆb7;m1b-v1Ѵ-ˆ;vo0u;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƑƖ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƒĹuo]u;vol†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƒƒ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƓĹ l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;7;v7;Ѵ-ॕrঞ1-7;Ѵ-];m7-ƑƏƒƏĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƒƓ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƔĹu࢙1ঞ1-v1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;v‹Ѵ-bmY†;m1b-7;Ѵ;m|oumo;mѴ--];m1b-7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɣƒ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoѵĹ-|;]ouझ-v7;rubˆ-1bॕm;mѴov_o]-u;vbmˆ;vঞ]-7ovĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƏ

16 ÍNDICE
INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

Ŋ !;1†-7uoƕĹ߈m7b1;7;(†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7=u;m|;-_ot†;vѴbl-|oѴॕ]b1ov;mŒom-v†u0-moŊl-u]bm-Ѵ;vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵѵ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoѶĹ!;v†l;ml;|o7oѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv1†-mঞ|-ঞˆo7;Ѵ-ruo0-0bѴb7-7‹1ov|o7;orou|†mb7-7
del embarazo adolescenteĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕƏ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƖĹbv|oub-7;†-m-Ŋvbl;|uझ-v7;ro7;u1omѴ-r-u;f-t†;Ѵblb|-morou|†mb7-7;v7;ruo]u;voĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕƕ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐƏĹbv|oub-7;†-mŊ m|u;Ѵ--†v;m1b-7;orou|†mb7-7;v‹;Ѵ7;v;o7;v†r;u-1bॕmĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ѷƕ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐƐĹu;1_-;m|u;Ѵov]࣐m;uov-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѶѶ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐƑĹ-l0bov;mѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;ro0u;Œ-v;]িmѴ-;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɩƒ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐƒĹbv|oub-7; vl;u-Ѵ7-Ŋ m=u;m|-m7oѴ-7bv1ublbm-1bॕmrou;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺƐƏƓ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐƓĹbv|oub-7;ubvঞm-Ŋblb|-1bom;v7;7;u;1_ovĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƐƒ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐƔĹmˆ;uvbॕmrি0Ѵb1-;m;ѴѴ-m-1bom-Ѵ7;u;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ l0-u-Œo;m
 7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐƑƏƐƐŊƑƏƐѵőĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƑƐ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐѵĹ Ѵझm7b1;7;o0u;Œ-†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ĺ&m-ˆbvbॕm7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-l࢙v
allá del ingresoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƑƖ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐƕĹuo]u-l-†ˆ;m|†7‹ lrѴ;o7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7;$u-0-fo7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺƐƒƑ
Ŋ !;1†-7uoƐѶĹuo‹;11bॕm-ƑƏƑƔ7;Ѵ-v|-v-v7;=;1†m7b7-7;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƒѶ

GRÁFICOS
Ŋ u࢙C1oƐĹ ˆoѴ†1bॕm7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-lom;|-ub-;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƑƔ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑĹ bv|ub0†1bॕm7;Ѵ]-v|o;mv;uˆb1bovvo1b-Ѵ;vrouv;1|ou;vŐv†0Ŋ=†m1bom;vőķr;uझo7oƑƏƐƏŊƑƏƐѵĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ƒƕ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƒĹou1;m|-f;7;m-1blb;m|ov7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;mu;]bom;v7;Ѵl†m7o‹;m]u†rov7;
 r-झv;vv;]িm1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moŐ őĺ;uझo7oƑƏƐƏŊƑƏƐƔĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƒƐ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƓĹ$-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;ruol;7boƑƏƐƏŊƑƏƐƔŐm-1blb;m|ovrou1-7-lbѴl†f;u;v;m|u;
 ƐƔ‹ƐƖ-ोovőķroumbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƒƑ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƔ-Ĺ$-v- vr;1झC1-7; ;1†m7b7-77oѴ;v1;m|;Őm-1b7ovrouƐķƏƏƏl†f;u;v7;ƐƔŊƐƖ-ोovőroumbˆ;Ѵ7;
;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moķrout†bmt†;mbovŐƐƖƔƏŊƑƏƐƔőĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓƐ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƔ0Ĺ$-v-;vr;1झC1-7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;Őm-1b7ovrouƐķƏƏƏl†f;u;v7;ƐƔŊƐƖ-ोovő‹$-v-Ѵo0-Ѵ
7; ;1†m7b7-7Őm-1b7ovroul†f;uőrout†bmt†;mbov;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ŐƐƖƔƏŊƑƏƐƔőĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓƑ
Ŋ u࢙C1oѵĹ$-v-;vr;1झC1-7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;Őm-1b7ovrouƐķƏƏƏl†f;u;v7;ƐƔŊƐƖ-ोovőķruol;7bo
ƑƏƏƏŊƑƏƐƔķrou߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moƑƏƐƔĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɠƒ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƕĹou1;m|-f;7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;vt†;_-m|;mb7o†m_bfoņ-m-1b7oņ-ˆbˆoņ-1omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ|o|-Ѵ7;l†f;u;v
 7;ƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोov;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɠƒ
Ŋ u࢙C1oѶĹ Ѵbm]u;vom-1bom-Ѵ0u†|ov†0ˆ-Ѵou-Ѵo]uov;mlিѴঞrѴ;v7bl;mvbom;v7;0b;m;v|-u;m!;rি0Ѵb1-
Dominicanaĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓƓ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƖĹ!;Ѵ-1bॕm;m|u;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹rou1;m|-f;7;_o]-u;vro0u;v;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺĺ Ɠѵ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƐƏĹ!;Ѵ-1bॕm;m|u;;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹;Ѵझm7b1;7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɠѵ

ÍNDICE 17
INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

Ŋ u࢙C1oƐƐĹou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vrouŒom-7;u;vb7;m1b-ķv;]িm=†;m|;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƔƐ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƐƑĹou1;m|-f;7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;v7;ƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोovt†;voml-7u;vroumbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆol࢙v-Ѵ|o
alcanzadoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƔƑ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƐƒĹ bv|ub0†1bॕmrou1;m|†-Ѵ7;Ѵ-vl-7u;v7;ƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोov7;;7-7ķrou;7-7vblrѴ;ķv;]িmmbˆ;Ѵ
 ;7†1-ঞˆoĺ;mvovƑƏƏƑ‹ƑƏƐƏĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƔƑ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƐƓĹou1;m|-f;7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;vt†;voml-7u;vrout†bmঞѴ7;bm]u;vovķv;]িm=†;m|;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƔƓ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƐƔĹm7b1-7ou;v7;Ѵl;u1-7o7;|u-0-forouv;Šoķ-ोoƑƏƐƕĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƑ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƐѵĹubm1br-Ѵ;v=oul-v7;7bv1ublbm-1bॕmv†=ub7-v-Ѵ;v|-u;l0-u-Œ-7-vķ-ोoƑƏƐƕĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƒ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƐƕĹu;1_-7;-v;]†u-lb;m|orou1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƓ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƐѶĹou1;m|-f;7;=-ѴѴ;1blb;m|o7;mbोovl;mou;v7;ѵ-ोovķrou;7-77;Ѵ-l-7u;-Ѵlol;m|o
de su primer embarazoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƔ
Ŋ u࢙C1-ƐƖĹmv;]†ub7-7-Ѵbl;m|-ub-rouf;=-|†u-7;Ѵ_o]-uĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƔ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑƏĹou1;m|-f;7;l†f;u;vt†;mo†ঞѴbŒॕmbm]িml࣐|o7o-mঞ1om1;rঞˆo|u-v;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoķ
por grupo de edadĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƔ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑƐĹom7b1bom;v7;ˆbˆb;m7-;m_o]-u;v;m1†;v|-7ovķƑƏƐƕĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵѵ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑƑĹ11;vo-v;uˆb1bov0࢙vb1ov7;_o]-u;v;m1†;v|-7ovķƑƏƐƕĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƖ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑƒĹ t†br-lb;m|o7;Ѵov_o]-u;v;m1†;v|-7ovķƑƏƐƕĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѵƖ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑƓĹ!-Œॕm7;Ѵ-mo;v1oѴ-ubŒ-1bॕmobm-vbv|;m1b-;v1oѴ-u-Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vĺ
 ोoƑƏƐƕĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕƐ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑƔĹbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v-Ѵlol;m|o7;t†;7-uv;;l0-u-Œ-7-vķrou;7-77;Ѵrubl;u
embarazoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕƒ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑѵĹ࡛Ѵঞlombˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo-Ѵ1-mŒ-7orou;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕƓ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑƕĹom7b1bॕm7;-1ঞˆb7-7-1|†-Ѵ7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vrou;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕƔ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑѶĹ-|;]ouझ-o1†r-1bom-Ѵ-1|†-Ѵ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vrou;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-ŒoķƑƏƐƕĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕƔ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƑƖĹ$;m;m1b-7;1olr†|-7ou-rouঞro7;_o]-u‹;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕѶ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƒƏĹ$bro7;bm=oul-1bॕmu;1b0b7-ru;ˆbo-Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoķv;]িmѴ-;7-77;Ѵ-;m|u;ˆbv|-7-7†u-m|;
esa etapaĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕѶ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƒƐĹubm1br-Ѵ;v=oul-v7;7bv1ublbm-1bॕmu;rou|-7-vrouѴ-vl†f;u;vbmˆ;vঞ]-7-v7†u-m|;;Ѵ
embarazoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕƖ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƒƑĹr1bom;vruboubŒ-7-vrouѴ-vl†f;u;v7;ƑƏ-ƒƏ-ोov7;;7-7r-u-rov|;u]-u;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
 -7oѴ;v1;m|;ķƑƏƐƕĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ѷƒ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƒƒĹ-u-1|;uझvঞ1-vv;Ѵ;11bom-7-v7;Ѵ-ˆbˆb;m7-rou;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƖƏ
Ŋ u࢙C1oƒƓĹ b=;u;m1b-v;mrubˆ-1bom;v7;bm=u-;v|u†1|†u-‹v;uˆb1bov0࢙vb1ovrou;7-77;Ѵrubl;u
embarazoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƖƑ

18 ÍNDICE
INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017

TABLAS
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-ƐĹ߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo7;࣐m;uoƑƏƐƔ7;!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-†m-v;Ѵ;11bॕm7;
 r-झv;v‹]u†rovĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƒƏ
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-ƑĹ$-v-;vr;1झC1-7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;Őm-1b7ovrouƐķƏƏƏl†f;u;v7;ƐƔŊƐƖ-ोovőķruol;7bov
t†bmt†;m-Ѵ;v;m]u-m7;vu;]bom;v7;Ѵl†m7oĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓƐ
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-ƒĹuoˆbm1b-v1om;Ѵl-‹ou‹l;moumbˆ;Ѵ7;l-|;umb7-7ķ‹rou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
 ŐƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोovő;mƑƏƐƏĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɠƕ
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-Ɠņmb1brbov1om;Ѵl-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ7;l-|;umb7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹rou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
 ŐƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोovő;mƑƏƐƏĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƓѶ
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-ƔĹ(-ub-0Ѵ;v7;rubˆ-1bom;v;m1-r-1b7-7;vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƕѵ
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-ѵĹ(-ub-0Ѵ;v7;rubˆ-1bom;v;m;lro7;u-lb;m|o‹-];m1b-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѶƏ
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-ƕĹ(-ub-0Ѵ;vt†;bm1b7;m;mѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ѶƓ
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-ѶĹ(-ub-0Ѵ;vv;Ѵ;11bom-7-vvo0u;;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ѷѵ
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-ƖĹ(-ub-0Ѵ;v7;rubˆ-1bom;v;mˆb7-7b]m-‹7;u;1_ovĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƖƏ
Ŋ $-0Ѵ-ƐƏĹ-|ubŒu;v†l;m7;Ѵ-vbv|;l-ঞŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-o=;u|-rি0Ѵb1-vo0u;;l0-u-Œo‹Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7
adolescenteĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƑѵ

DIAGRAMAS
Ŋ b-]u-l-ƐĹu;1_-;m|u;Ѵov]࣐m;uov-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ĺolr-u-1bॕm1om
r-झv;v;bm7b1-7ou;vv;Ѵ;11bom-7ovĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƏƑ
Ŋ b-]u-l-ƑĹubm1br-Ѵ;v-†v-v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƏƒ
Ŋ b-]u-l-ƒĹubm1br-Ѵ;v=†;m|;v7;bm=oul-1bॕmu;rou|-7-vvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺƐƏѵ
Ŋ b-]u-l-ƓĹubm1br-Ѵ;v-vrbu-1bom;v-=†|†uoĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƐƓ
Ŋ b-]u-l-ƔĹ]u†r-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-vl;|-v7;Ѵov0f;ঞˆov7; ;v-uuoѴѴo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;vo0u;Ѵ-0-v;7;Ѵov
 o0f;ঞˆov;v|u-|࣐]b1ov7;1-7-r-झv7;l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƓƏ
Ŋ b-]u-l-ѵĹomf†m|o7;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;vr-u--0ou7-u;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;7;v7;†m-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-
 l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƓƐ
Ŋ b-]u-l-ƕĹ-vovr-u-ѴѴ;ˆ-u-1-0oѴ-;v|u-|;]b-7;1ol0ov7;roѴझঞ1-vĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ ƐƓƔ

MAPAS
Ŋ -r-ƐĹ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-rouruoˆbm1b-ķƑƏƐƓĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ƒѵ
Ŋ -r-ƑĹou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐƐƔŊƐƖ-ोovőrouruoˆbm1b-v;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ-ोoƑƏƐƏĺĺĺĺĺĺ Ɠƕ
Ŋ -r-ƒĹou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐƐƔŊƐƖ-ोovőroul†mb1brbov;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ-ोoƑƏƐƏĺĺĺĺ ƓѶ

ÍNDICE 19
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

 !" $(  !

 !,  " $ Ĺ
& " ߈&$  "!  !!
!$&  "   ( 

1;u1-7;Ѵ-u-7b]l-7;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo m|-m|o1om1;r|oˆbˆoķ-0-u1-7ou‹Y;Šb0Ѵ;ķt†;bm1ou-


rou- m†;ˆ-v 7bl;mvbom;v‹ u;|ov ;l;u];m|;v r-u- ;ˆb-
DESDE 1990, el Programa de las Naciones Unidas para
7;m1b-u7bm࢙lb1-v7;;Š1Ѵ†vbॕmķ࣐v|;_-b7obm1ourou-m7o
;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴoŐ& őblr†Ѵv-‹ruol†;ˆ;;Ѵr-u-7b]l-
ˆbvbom;v ;m 1omvom-m1b- 1om v† ;m=ot†; bm|;]u-Ѵķ t†;
7;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moŐ őķo;Ѵruo1;vo7;;Šr-mvbॕm
r;ulb|;m;Ѵ-0ou7-f;7;ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-v7;v7;†m-r;uv-
7; Ѵ-v Ѵb0;u|-7;v u;-Ѵ;v 7; Ѵ-v r;uvom-v r-u- ѴѴ;ˆ-u †m-
r;1ঞˆ-ˆ;u7-7;u-l;m|;l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵĺ v|o_-blrѴb-
ˆb7-ruoѴom]-7-ķv-Ѵ†7-0Ѵ;‹1u;-ঞˆ-ĺ ѴѴovb]mbC1-1om-
1-7o;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;l࣐|ub1-vķ_;uu-lb;m|-v‹;v|u-|;]b-v
v;]†buѴ-vl;|-vt†;1omvb7;u;mˆ-Ѵbov-v‹r-uঞ1br-u-1ঞ-
r-u-];m;u-u;ˆb7;m1b-v|-m|o7;Ѵo]uov1olo7;7;v-ࣱov
ˆ-l;m|;r-u-7-uѴ;=oul--Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;l-m;u-;t†b|--
;ml-|;ub-7;0b;m;v|-uĺ
ঞˆ-‹vov|;mb0Ѵ;ķ;m†mrѴ-m;|-1olr-uঞ7oĺ"†u];1olo
u;Y;Šbॕm1uझঞ1-7;Ѵ;m=ot†;0-v-7o;mѴ-;1omolझ-7;Ѵ Ѵ;m=ot†;ruorom;-lrѴb-uѴ-vr;uvr;1ঞˆ-v7;l;7b1bॕm
0b;m;v|-uķt†;1;m|u-0-;Š1Ѵ†vbˆ-l;m|;Ѵ-;ŠrѴb1-1bॕm7; 7;Ѵo]uovt†;ķ-7;l࢙v7;Ѵbm]u;vooubt†;Œ-ķ;Šru;v;m;Ѵ
ѴovѴo]uovov-ঞv=-11bॕm7;m;1;vb7-7;v_†l-m-v;mˆ-- 0b;m;v|-uķ1olo;v;Ѵ-11;vo;=;1ঞˆo‹7;1-Ѵb7-7-v;u-
ub-0Ѵ;v 1olo ;Ѵ bm]u;vo o Ѵ- 1-r-1b7-7 7; ]-v|oĺ v †m ˆb1bovvo1b-Ѵ;vlझmblovķ1oloѴ-v-Ѵ†7‹Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmt†;
1om1;r|ol†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵt†;1ol0bm-;Ѵ;l;m|ovvo- ruol†;ˆ;m1-r-1b7-7;vbmb1b-Ѵ;vr-u--Ѵ1-mŒ-u†m;vr;1-
1b-Ѵ;vķ ;1omॕlb1ovķ 7; vov|;mb0bѴb7-7 ‹ ]o0;um-mŒ-ĺ Ѵ |uo7;orou|†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺr-uঞu7;
7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moblrѴb1-t†;Ѵ-vr;uvom-v7;0;mbmY†bu ;v|;†l0u-Ѵķt†;;vl;7b7orou;Ѵ߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo
;mѴovruo1;vovt†;7;|;ulbm-mv†vˆb7-vŐ& ķƑƏƐѵőĺ †l-moŐ ő1, se incrementan opciones y se constru-

1
߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moŐ őĹझm7b1;1olr†;v|ot†;lb7;;Ѵruol;7bo7;Ѵov-ˆ-m1;v;m|u;v7bl;mvbom;v0࢙vb1-v7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moņm-ˆb7-Ѵ-u]-‹
v-Ѵ†7-0Ѵ;ķ1omo1blb;m|ov‹†mmbˆ;Ѵ7;ˆb7-7b]moĺ(࣐-v;Ѵ-o|-|࣐1mb1-Ɛ;m_‚rĹņņ_7uĺ†m7rĺou]ņvb|;vņ7;=-†Ѵ|ņCѴ;vņ_7uƑƏƐѵō|;1_mb1-Ѵōmo|;vĺr7=r-u-o0|;m;u
bm=oul-1bॕml࢙v7;|-ѴѴ-7-vo0u;1ॕlov;1-Ѵ1†Ѵ-;Ѵ ĺ

PERSPECTIVA GENERAL 21
EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

yen capacidades para acceder a otras dimensiones, como • Tampoco se puede lograr amenazando la sostenibili-
Ѵ-Ѵb0;u|-7roѴझঞ1-ķѴ-v;]†ub7-7r;uvom-ѴķѴ-r-uঞ1br-1bॕm dad del medio ambiente y los recursos naturales, com-
1ol†mb|-ub-ķѴ-]-u-mঠ-7;Ѵ;f;u1b1bo7;Ѵov7;u;1_ov_†- ruol;ঞ;m7o-vझѴ-vrovb0bѴb7-7;v7;0b;m;v|-u7;Ѵ-v
l-movķ t†; r;ulb|-m r;uv;]†bu o0f;ঞˆov 1omvb7;u-7ov =†|†u-v ];m;u-1bom;vĺ m ;v|; v;mঞ7oķ 7-7o t†; Ѵ-v
ˆ-Ѵbovov‹t†;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vr-uঞ1br;m-1ঞˆ-l;m|;;mv† futuras generaciones merecen oportunidades de de-
1omv;1†1bॕmĺ2 v-uuoѴѴob]†-Ѵb|-ub-vķv;u;t†b;u;bmv|-†u-u†mlo7;Ѵo7;
7;v-uuoѴѴo;m;Ѵt†;v;-v;]†u;Ѵ-b]†-Ѵ7-77;orou|†-
El desarrollo humano se centra en tres conceptos funda-
mb7-7;vvbm;Š1Ѵ†vbom;vķ‹t†;r;u7†u;;m;Ѵঞ;lroĺ
l;m|-Ѵ;vĹѴb0;u|-7;vķ1-r-1b7-7;v‹-];m1b-ĺ Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo
se concibe como un proceso de expansión de las libertades • Los logros obtenidos en materia de desarrollo humano
=†m7-l;m|-Ѵ;v7;Ѵovbm7bˆb7†ovr-u-1omC]†u-uv†ruo- movom-†|ol࢙ঞ1ovmbr;ul-m;m|;v‹r†;7;mu;7†1bu-
rbo7;vঞmoķmo1olov†f;|ovr-vbˆovĺ"omѴb0;u|-7;vѴ-v v; u࢙rb7-l;m|; -m|; 1_ot†;v Ő;1omॕlb1ovķ vo1b-Ѵ;vķ
orou|†mb7-7;v7;ˆbˆbu†m-ˆb7-Ѵ-u]-‹v-Ѵ†7-0Ѵ;ķ|;m;u -l0b;m|-Ѵ;vőĺ ou ;ѴѴoķ v; _-1; m;1;v-ubo 7;v-uuoѴѴ-u
-11;vo-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmķ-†m-ˆb7-7b]m-ķ‹-r-uঞ1br-u;m roѴझঞ1-vt†;r;ulb|-m1omv;uˆ-uѴovѴo]uov‹-Ѵlbvlo
Ѵ-1ol†mb7-7‹;mѴ-v7;1bvbom;vt†;Ѵov-=;1|;mĺ vѴ- ঞ;lro1omv|u†buu;vbѴb;m1b-ĺ3
r;uvom-t†;-1|ি-‹ruoˆo1-1-l0bovķ‹v†vѴo]uov7;0;m
• $-l0b࣐mu;t†b;u;;Ѵ-0ou7-f;7;Ѵ-ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7_†-
f†Œ]-uv;;m=†m1bॕm7;v†-†|oˆ-Ѵou-1bॕm7;-1†;u7o-
l-m-ķoѴ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;;uovbॕm7;Ѵ-v1-r-1b7-7;v‹
v†vo0f;ঞˆov7;ˆb7-ĺ Ѵ;f;u1b1bo7;Ѵ-vѴb0;u|-7;v7;r;m-
or1bom;v7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vĺ ѴѴo7;mo|-Ѵ-m;1;vb7-77;
7;|-l0b࣐m7;o|uov=-1|ou;v1olo;Ѵ7;u;1_o-Ѵ-ruoˆb-
bmˆ;uvbom;v ; bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v ;vr;1झC1-v‹ orou|†m-v
vbॕm7;v;uˆb1bov0࢙vb1ovlझmblov1oloѴovv;uˆb1bov7;
t†;-ro‹;m-Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo;mѴ-v7bvঞm|-v;|--
;7†1-1bॕm‹-|;m1bॕml࣐7b1-ķ-vझ1olo7;Ѵov7;u;1_ov
r-v7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺ
roѴझঞ1ov‹_†l-movŐ";mķƑƏƏƏőĺ
m -7b1bॕm - Ѵ- vov|;mb0bѴb7-7ķ ;Ѵ ;m=ot†; 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo
v|;bm=oul;ŋ;m1omvom-m1b-1omu;rou|;v7;7;v-uuo-
_†l-mo1om|;lrѴ-;Ѵ;l;m|ov1oloѴ-;t†b7-7ķ;Ѵ;l-
ѴѴo_†l-mo-m|;ubou;vŊrѴ-m|;-t†;r-u-Ѵo]u-u7;v-uuo-
ro7;u-lb;m|o‹-];m1b-ķ‹;Ѵ-0ou7-f;l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ
llo humano sostenible, las siguientes consideraciones son
7;Ѵ-v7bl;mvbom;v7;Ѵ-1-Ѵb7-77;ˆb7-‹;Ѵ0b;m;v|-uĺ
=†m7-l;m|-Ѵ;vĹ
Ѵ;m=ot†;7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo|-l0b࣐mv;=†m7-l;m|-
• --lrѴb-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;v‹Ѵb0;u|-7;v7;Ѵ-v
;m;Ѵ1ub|;ubo7;;t†b7-7ķbmv|-m7o;mv†-rѴb1-1bॕm-u;ˆ;-
personas no puede lograrse si ello implica disminuir
Ѵ-uѴ-v7;vb]†-Ѵ;vorou|†mb7-7;vt†;;Šbv|;m;mѴov|;uub|o-
Ѵov7;u;1_ov7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-v‹Ѵ-v1ol†mb7-7;vĺ
ubovķrou;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķѴ-v7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v;m|u;_ol0u;v

2
-=oul-1bॕm7;capacidades humanas1olor†;7;v;u†ml;fou;v|-7o7;v-Ѵ†7ķ1omo1blb;m|ov‹_-0bѴb7-7;vķvom=†m7-l;m|-Ѵ;vr-u-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ
r;uob]†-Ѵl;m|;blrou|-m|;;v;Ѵ†vot†;Ѵ-];m|;_-1;7;Ѵ-v1-r-1b7-7;v-7t†bub7-vr-u--†l;m|-u;Ѵ0b;m;v|-uķ;Šru;v-7o;m;f;u1;u-1ঞˆb7-7;vruo7†1ঞˆ-vķ
-1ঞˆb7-7;vvo1b-Ѵ;vķ1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;vķ7;u;1u;-1bॕm‹roѴझঞ1-vĺ-v1-r-1b7-7;vv;;Šru;v-m;mѴ-v7b=;u;m|;v1ol0bm-1bom;v7;=†m1bom-lb;m|ovŐv;u‹_-1;uőt†;Ѵ-
r;uvom-r†;7;-Ѵ1-mŒ-uĺ Ѵbm]u;vo;vvoѴo†ml;7bor-u-1omv;]†bu;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴoķ-0-u1-m7ol࢙vt†;Ѵ-;Šr-mvbॕm7;Ѵ-ubt†;Œ-‹Ѵovbm]u;vovķv†o0f;ঞˆo1;m|u-Ѵ
;v;Ѵv;u_†l-moĺ-1-r-1b7-7v;uझ-;t†bˆ-Ѵ;m|;-Ѵ-Ѵb0;u|-7;=;1ঞˆ-r-u-;Ѵ;]burovb0Ѵ;v=oul-v7;ˆb7-;m;Ѵ;vr-1bo7;rovb0bѴb7-7;vt†;v;r†;7;m;f;u1;uķo
=†m1bom-lb;m|ovĺ
3
-‹†m]u-m7;0-|;vo0u;;Ѵvb]mbC1-7o7;Ѵ-u;vbѴb;m1b-ķr;uo;Ѵ࣐m=-vbvѴorom;lov;mѴ-u;vbѴb;m1b-_†l-m-ķt†;-v;]†u-t†;Ѵ-vor1bom;v7;Ѵ-];m|;vomvॕѴb7-vķ
-_ou-‹;m;Ѵ=†|†uoķ‹t†;r;ulb|;-Ѵ-vr;uvom-v_-1;u=u;m|;‹-7-r|-uv;-Ѵov;ˆ;m|ov-7ˆ;uvovĺ †;m|;Ĺm=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moŐƑƏƐƓőķrrĺƑ

22 PERSPECTIVA GENERAL
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

‹ l†f;u;v rou 1-†v- 7; ]࣐m;uoķ‹ Ѵ-v 7bv1ublbm-1bom;v‹ f†ˆ;m|†7ķv;1omv|u†‹;vo0u;†m-v;1†;m1b-7;7;1bvbo-


;Š1Ѵ†vbom;v-r;v-u7;Ѵ1u;1blb;m|o;1omॕlb1oĺvblbvloķ m;v1omѴ-vbm1uomझ-7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķt†;r†;7;bm1Ѵ†buĹ
r-u-Ѵo]u-u;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mov;u;t†b;u;;Ѵempodera- o0|;m;uruo]u;vov;m|࣐ulbmov7;1-Ѵb7-7‹u;m7blb;m|o
miento y agencia de las personas para llegar a resultados ;v1oѴ-uķ bmv;u1bॕm ;m ;Ѵ l;u1-7o 7; |u-0-foķ bmb1b-u †m-
ˆ-Ѵou-0Ѵ;vĺ-r-uঞ1br-1bॕm-1ঞˆ-7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vķrouvb v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-v-m-ķ‹1omvঞ|†bu†m-=-lbѴb-ĺ
voѴ-ķ mo ;v v†C1b;m|; r-u- Ѵo]u-uѴoĺ Ѵ ;lro7;u-lb;m|o m=†m1bॕm7;Ѵ-;7-7;mѴ-t†;o1†uu;m7;|;ulbm-7ov
u;t†b;u;|-m|o-];m1b--mbˆ;Ѵbm7bˆb7†-Ѵķ1olo;v|u†1|†- -1om|;1blb;m|ovķr†;7;ruo7†1buѴ-;l-m1br-1bॕmķo†m-
u-vbmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ;vbm1Ѵ†vbˆ-vŊ-Ѵb]†-Ѵt†;;vr-1bov1om7†- u†r|†u-7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;];m;u-1bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v_†l-m-vĺ
1;m|;vŊr-u-ro7;u;f;u1;u7;u;1_ovt†;v;;Šru;v;m;m ou;f;lrѴoķ;m†m;m|oumo1-u-1|;ubŒ-7orouѴ-ro0u;Œ-
orou|†mb7-7;v7;o0|;m;u†m|u-0-fo7;1;m|;ķ;Ѵ-11;vo- ;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;r†;7;-†l;m|-uѴ-vˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb-
v;uˆb1bov0࢙vb1ov‹Ѵ-r-uঞ1br-1bॕmroѴझঞ1-ĺ 7-7;vruorb-v7;;v-;|-r-ĺ

bm-Ѵl;m|;ķ ;Ѵ ;m=ot†; 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo r;ulb|;


;Ѵ-0ou7-f;7;Ѵ-v7bvঞm|-v7bl;mvbom;v7;Ѵo]uov7;Ѵ-v o0u;Œ-‹;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;
personas, desde un r-u-7b]l-l†Ѳࢼ7bl;mvbom-Ѳ al profun-
bˆ;uvov;v|†7bovvo0u;=;1†m7b7-75 adolescente a ni-
dizar en la pluralidad de aspectos de progreso y bienestar
ˆ;Ѵu;]bom-Ѵ_-m;ˆb7;m1b-7oˆझm1†Ѵov7bu;1|ov;m|u;Ѵ-
7;Ѵ-ˆb7-_†l-m-ķr;uo|-l0b࣐mķv†-rѴb1-1bॕmu;ˆ;Ѵ-Ѵ-v
ro0u;Œ-‹;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ";7;l†;v|u-
lিѴঞrѴ;vrubˆ-1bom;vt†;;m=u;m|-m]u†rov7;ro0Ѵ-1bॕm
t†;;mѴov]u†rovl࢙vro0u;v;Šbv|;†m-l-‹oubm1b7;m-
;m1om7b1bom;v7;ro0u;Œ-‹ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7ĺ-u-;ѴѴo]uo
1b-7;;v|;=;mॕl;moĺ m-Ѵ]†m-vo1-vbom;vv;rѴ-m|;-
7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴoķv;7;0;m;Ѵblbm-uѴov=-1|ou;vt†;Ѵblb|-m
t†;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-;v1-†v-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķ‹;mo|u-vķv†1om-
Ѵ-Ѵb0;u|-77;;Ѵ;11bॕm7;Ѵovbm7bˆb7†ovķ1oloѴ-ro0u;Œ-ķ
v;1†;m1b-ĺou†m-r-u|;ķѴ-ro0u;Œ-;vrѴ-m|;-7-1olo
Ѵ- ;v1-v;Œ 7; orou|†mb7-7;v ;1omॕlb1-v ‹ 7; 1omo1b-
†mo7;Ѵov7;|;ulbm-m|;vvo1bo;1omॕlb1ov7;;v|;=;mॕ-
lb;m|oķѴ-v0u;1_-v;mѴ-ru;v|-1bॕm7;Ѵovv;uˆb1bovrি-
l;mo-Ѵbm1b7bu;mѴ-vorou|†mb7-7;vt†;ঞ;m;mѴ-vr;u-
0Ѵb1ovķ;m|u;o|uov=-1|ou;vĺ
vom-vt†;ˆbˆ;m;mro0u;Œ-ĺ";rѴ-m|;-t†;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v
Ѵ;v|†7bo7;Ѵovrubm1br-Ѵ;v=-1|ou;vt†;bm1b7;m;mѴblb- 7; =-lbѴb-v ro0u;v ঞ;m;m l-‹ou ruo0-0bѴb7-7 7; |;m;u
|-u;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo‹Ѵ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v †ml;mou7;v;lr;ोo;v1oѴ-urout†;7;7b1-mঞ;lro-Ѵ
-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķr;ulb|;u;ˆ;Ѵ-u;ѴѴ†]-ut†; |u-0-fo 7ol࣐vঞ1o‹ 7; 1†b7-7o 7; o|uov =-lbѴb-u;vķ bm-
ocupa el embarazo de las adolescentes4 con repercusio- 1;mঞˆ-m7o-t†;v;rѴ-m|;;m;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo1olorѴ-m7;
nes importantes, en la salida de la pobreza, el bienestar, ˆb7- ŐѴ;7vo;‹ o_;mķ ƐƖƖƑ 1b|-7o ;m Ő  ş &-
Ѵ-Ѵb0;u|-7bm7bˆb7†-Ѵ‹7;1omv|u†11bॕmvo1b-Ѵĺ-|u-‹;1- ķƑƏƏѵőŐ!o7uझ]†;ŒķƑƏƐƒőŐ b;v-u;ķƑƏƏƕőŐ 
toria de desarrollo humano de la etapa adolescente a la ş& ķƑƏƏѵőĺ

4
-u-Cm;v7;;v|;bm=oul;v;1omvb7;u-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-1olo;Ѵr;uझo7o7;1u;1blb;m|o‹7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mot†;v;ruo7†1;7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵ-mbो;Œ‹-m|;v7;Ѵ-;7-7
-7†Ѵ|-ķ;m|u;ѴovƐƏ‹ѴovƐƖ-ोovķvb]†b;m7o7;Cmb1bom;v7;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;v-Ѵ†7ĺoo0v|-m|;ķ;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmu;-ѴbŒ-7-ķr-u-;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;1omvb7;u-m-t†;ѴѴ-vl†f;u;v1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œoo1†uubॕ;m|u;ѴovƐƑ‹ƐƖ-ोovŐroumo;m1om|u-uv;1-vov7;;v|;ঞroru;ˆbo-ѴovƐƑ-ोovőĺ-
lbvl-7;Cmb1bॕm-rѴb1-u࢙r-u-ѴovņѴ-vfॕˆ;m;v-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵru;v;m|;;v|†7boĺ
5
-u-Cm;v7;;v|;bm=oul;v;†ঞѴbŒ-Ѵ-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7‹-t†;;Ѵo0f;ঞˆo;vl;7bu;Ѵ;=;1|ot†;ঞ;m;;m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo|;m;u†m_bfoņ-;mѴ--7oѴ;v-
1;m1b-ĺ v|oblrѴb1-t†;;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoѴѴ;]--v†|࣐ulbmoĺ

PERSPECTIVA GENERAL 23
EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

ouo|uoѴ-7oķv;-u]†l;m|-t†;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7o- -1;Ѵ;u-u;Ѵub|lo7;v†u;7†11bॕm‹;Šr-m7buѴ-vorou|†mb-
Ѵ;v1;m1b-ľblrѴb1-†mo0v|࢙1†Ѵoblrou|-m|;r-u-;ѴѴo]uo 7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo‹v-Ѵb7-7;ro0u;Œ-ĺ
7;Ѵ-v|-u;-vruorb-v7;;v|-;|-r-7;7;v-uuoѴѴoĿ‹-t†;
Ѵ=o1orubm1br-Ѵ7;Ѵm=oul;;vѴ--7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ"bm;l-
Ѵblb|-Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;v7;Ѵ-vņѴovfॕˆ;m;v;m1†-m|o-
0-u]oķ r-u- 1olru;m7;u l;fou v† vb|†-1bॕm ;m l-|;ub-
-1†l†Ѵ-1bॕm7;1-rb|-Ѵ_†l-mol;7b-m|;Ѵo]uov;7†1-ঞ-
de desarrollo humano, se hace necesario indagar otras
ˆovŐ Ѵॕu;Œş"o|oķƑƏƏƕőĺ ;_;1_oķѴ-7;v;u1bॕm;v1oѴ-u
7bm࢙lb1-v;mĹbőv†;m|oumoķbbőv†v1ol†mb7-7;v‹bbbőv†v
por causa del embarazo se ha situado como una de las
_o]-u;vŐlb;l0uov7;v†_o]-uőĺ Ѵm=oul;]bu-;m|oumo
1omv;1†;m1b-vbml;7b-|-v7;;v|-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-ĺom1o-
-;v-v7bm࢙lb1-v‹;vov;vr-1bovĺ
lb|-m|;l;m|;ķѴovuoѴ;v7;]࣐m;uou;=ouŒ-7ovrou;Ѵ;m-
|oumovo1b-Ѵ;mѴ-u;]bॕmѴ-ঞmo-l;ub1-m-ķ7om7;!;rি0Ѵb-
1- olbmb1-m-mo;v;Š1;r1bॕmķr;ur;|ি-mt†;;ѴuoѴ7;
Ѵ1om|;Š|o7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-
1†b7ou;1-b]-;mѴ-vl†f;u;v‹Ѵ-vl-7u;vĺ v|o|-l0b࣐m
u;ru;v;m|-†m-Ѵblb|-1bॕmr-u-Ѵ-bmv;u1bॕm;m;Ѵl;u1-7o m Ѵ-v 7ov িѴঞl-v 7࣐1-7-vķ Ѵ- !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-
Ѵ-0ou-Ѵ‹Ѵ-u;bm1ourou-1bॕm-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-vbmo1†;m|-m1om _- ;Šr;ubl;m|-7o †m- |u-mv=oul-1bॕm blrou|-m|; ;m
-ro‹o=-lbѴb-uo7;v;uˆb1bov7;1†b7-7o;mѴ-1ol†mb7-7ĺ |࣐ulbmov;1omॕlb1ov‹vo1b-Ѵ;vĺ-|-v-7;1u;1blb;m|o
ruol;7bo;m;Ѵr;uझo7oƑƏƏƏŊƑƏƐѵ7;ƔѷѴovb|ি-rou
v|; |u†m1-lb;m|o 7;Ѵ 1b1Ѵo ;7†1-ঞˆo 7; Ѵ-v fॕˆ;-
;m1bl-7;Ѵ-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵovr-झv;v7;l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ
m;v r†;7; blr-1|-uķ r-uঞ1†Ѵ-ul;m|;ķ ;m ;Ѵ -11;vo -
-ub0;ĺ m;Ѵr;uझo7oƑƏƐƓŊƑƏƐѵķ1om†m-|-v-7;ƕĺƐѷķ
†m |u-0-fo u;l†m;u-7o‹ 7;1;m|;ķ b]†-Ѵl;m|; ;m v†v
;Ѵr-झvv;vb|†ॕrou|;u1;u-ोo1omv;1†ঞˆo1oloѴझ7;u;m
ingresos potenciales, aspectos fundamentales para la
|࣐ulbmov 7; 1u;1blb;m|oĺ †b-7o ;m l-‹ou l;7b7- rou
u;ruo7†11bॕm7;Ѵ1झu1†Ѵoˆb1bovo7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-Ő 
;v|;7;v;lr;ोo;1omॕlb1o7ķ-r-uঞu7;ѴƑƏƐƓѴ-!;rি-
ş& ķƑƏƏѵőĺ
0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-;vbm1Ѵ†b7-rourubl;u-ˆ;Œ;m;Ѵ]u†ro
v|; m=oul; v; =†m7-l;m|- ;m Ѵ- mo1bॕm 7; t†; †m 7;r-झv;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-Ѵ|oŐ& ķƑƏƐƓőĺ
ˆ;u7-7;uo7;v-uuoѴѴou;t†b;u;ˆ;m1;u;Ѵ7;v-ࣱot†;bl-
";]িm7-|ov7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7; 1omolझ-ķѴ-mbC1-1bॕm‹
plica cerrar las brechas de derechos a oportunidades de
;v-uuoѴѴoŐ ‹ őķ|-m|oѴ-ro0u;Œ-lo7;u-7-1olo
Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹ 7;v;mѴ-Œ-u Ѵov m†7ov t†; Ѵblb|-m Ѵ-v
Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-;Š|u;l-_-mu;]bv|u-7o7bvlbm†1bom;v1om-
1-r-1b7-7;v7;;Ѵ;11bॕm-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺ";
vb7;u-0Ѵ;v7;v7;;ѴিѴঞlo|ubl;v|u;7;ƑƏƐƑķr-v-m7o
;vঞl-mѴov1ov|ov7;orou|†mb7-76t†;u;ru;v;m|-;v|;
Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-];m;u-Ѵ7;ƓƐĺƑѷ;mƑƏƐƒ-ƒƏĺƔѷ;mƑƏƐѵ
;ˆ;m|o|-m|or-u-Ѵ-foˆ;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;1olor-u-v†;m-
‹Ѵ-;Š|u;l-7;ƐƏĺƏѷ-ѵĺƔѷ;m;Ѵlbvlor;uझo7oĺ
|oumoŐv†vr-7u;vķ;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-ķ;m-
v|ou;ru;v;m|-†m-u;7†11bॕm7;ƐƏĺƕr†m|ovrou1;m-
|u;o|uovőķ1om;ѴCm7;=-1bѴb|-u;Ѵ7bv;ोo7;roѴझঞ1-vr-u-

6
Ѵ1ov|o7;orou|†mb7-7;v†m1om1;r|o;1omॕlb1o=oul-ѴbŒ-7orou;Ѵ;1omolbv|- ub;7ub1_ˆom)b;v;u;mv†$;ouझ-7; 1omolझ-"o1b-ѴŐƐƖƐƓő‹v;u;C;u;-
-t†;ѴѴo7;Ѵot†;†m-];m|;v;rubˆ-ou;m†m1b-1†-m7o_-1;†m-;Ѵ;11bॕmĺ-1om1;r1bॕm7;1ov|o-Ѵ|;um-ঞˆoo7;orou|†mb7-77;vb]m-ķ;v;m1b-Ѵl;m|;ķ;Ѵˆ-Ѵou
7;Ѵ-l;fouor1bॕmmou;-ѴbŒ-7-ĺ
7
! v;_-;v|-0Ѵ;1b7o1olo†m-7;Ѵ-v;1omolझ-v7;l࢙vu࢙rb7o1u;1blb;m|o;mѴ-u;]bॕmķ1om†m-|-v-7;1u;1blb;m|o-m†-Ѵruol;7bo7;Ѵuo7†1|om|;umou†|o
Őő7;ѴƕĺƑѷŐƑƏƐƓŊƑƏƐƔőĺ Ѵv;1|ouv;uˆb1bovķ;v;Ѵt†;l-‹ou1u;1blb;m|oru;v;m|-ķv;]†b7orou;Ѵ1ol;u1boķѴ-1omv|u†11bॕmķ;Ѵ|†ubvlo‹o|u-v-1ঞˆb7-7;v
;1omॕlb1-vt†;ঞ;m;m†m-1-r-1b7-7Ѵblb|-7-r-u-1u;-u;lrѴ;oŐ࢙Ѵ1†Ѵo-r-uঞu7;7-|ov7;Ѵ-m1o;m|u-ѴŐ! őĺ

24 PERSPECTIVA GENERAL
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

|†-Ѵ;v;mѴ-ro0u;Œ-];m;u-Ѵ‹ƒĺƔr†m|ov;mѴ-ro0u;Œ- -v1b=u-v;ˆ-Ѵ†-7-vu;rou|-m-ˆ-m1;v;mѴ-u;7†11bॕm7;
;Š|u;l-Ő(;uu࢙C1oƐőĺ v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovv;ˆ;mbm=ou- Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-‹ruolo1bॕm7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;=oul-
l-7ov rou 7bˆ;uvov =-1|ou;v t†; ˆ-m 7;v7; ;Ѵ ;=;1|o vov|;mb7-ķr;uov†-ˆ-m1;_-vb7oѴ;m|o‹7;vb]†-Ѵĺ b1_o
combinado de un aumento en el ingreso de los hogares 7;o|uolo7oķ;Ѵ7;v;lr;ोo7;;v|ovbm7b1-7ou;v-িm
‹7;†m-l;fouझ-;mѴ-7bv|ub0†1bॕm7;Ѵbm]u;vo;m|u;Ѵov mov;_-|u-7†1b7o1omѴ-lbvl-1;Ѵ;ub7-7;ml;fou-v;m
_o]-u;v _-v|- Ѵ- blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm 7; roѴझঞ1-v rি0Ѵb1-v Ѵ- 7bv|ub0†1bॕm 7; Ѵ- ubt†;Œ-8ķ ‹- t†; Ѵ-v 7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v
blrou|-m|;v;mѴovিѴঞlov-ोovĺѴ]†mov;f;lrѴovbl- -Ѵobm|;umo7;Ѵr-झvv;u;7†1;m-†mub|lol†‹Ѵ;m|o9ĺ
rou|-m|;vbm1Ѵ†‹;m;Ѵ=ol;m|o7;1u࣐7b|ov-lb1uo;l- ;_;1_oķ-Ѵ-m-ѴbŒ-uѴ-vb|†-1bॕm7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo
ru;m7blb;m|ovu†u-Ѵ;vķѴ-bmˆ;uvbॕmvov|;mb7-7;ѴƓѷ7;Ѵ -mbˆ;Ѵruoˆbm1b-Ѵķv;;ˆb7;m1b-t†;_-‹†m-7bv|ub0†1bॕm
-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmru;Ŋ†mbˆ;uvb|-ub-ķ;Ѵ-†l;m|o7;Ѵ-v;- ;vr-1b-Ѵ7;vb]†-Ѵ7;Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;vr-u-;Ѵ1omf†m|o
]†u-lb;m|o7;v-Ѵ†7ķѴovruo]u-l-v7;-Ѵ=-0;ঞŒ-1bॕm‹ 7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vķ‹;m|u;_ol0u;‹l†f;u;vĺ
Ѵ--lrѴb-1bॕm7;Ѵ-1o0;u|†u-7;Ѵruo]u-l-7;|u-mv=;-
vr;1b-Ѵl;m|;Ѵ-vŒom-v];o]u࢙C1-v7;-Ѵ|-bm1b7;m1b-7;
u;m1b-vlom;|-ub-v1om7b1bom-7-vĺ v|ovruo]u-l-v_-m
Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-‹7;0-fo7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķv;;ˆb7;m1b-†m-
r;ulbঞ7o -0ou7-u l†1_-v 7; Ѵ-v 0u;1_-v vo1b-Ѵ;v 7;Ѵ
Ѵblb|-7-1-r-1b7-77;o=;u|-r-u-Ѵ-†mbˆ;uv-Ѵb7-77;Ѵ-
r-झvķu;Y;f࢙m7ov;;m1-l0bovrovbঞˆov;m-Ѵ]†movbm7b-
;7†1-1bॕm‹r;uvbv|;m0u;1_-v7;-11;vo--v;]†u-lb;m-
1-7ou;vvo1boŊ;1omॕlb1ovĺ
|o;mv-Ѵ†7ĺ m;=;1|oķѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo7;Ѵr-झv

Gráfico 1
EVOLUCIÓN DE LA POBREZA MONETARIA EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA
ƑƏƏƏ҃ƑƏƐѵ

Pobreza General Pobreza Extrema

49.9 47.9
44.2 43.6 44.2
41.5 42.1 41.6 40.4 41.0 42.1
32.7 32.7 36.4
32.0 32.3 30.5

15.6 16.6
12.0 13.7 13.2 13.4 11.8 11.4 10.5 10.5 10.0
8.1 7.8 8.7 8.4 7.0 6.5

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

†;m|;Ĺbmbv|;ubo7; 1omolझ-ķѴ-mbC1-1bॕm‹ ;v-uuoѴѴoķoѴ;ঠm1|†0u;ƑƏƐѵĺ

8
v|-bm=oul-1bॕm;v1ouuo0ou-7-rou;Ѵ;v|†7bo;Ѵ-0ou-7o;mƑƏƐƓrou;Ѵ-m1o†m7b-Ѵľ†-m7oѴ-uovr;ub7-7mo;volr-uঞ7-Ŀķ-vझ1olo|-l0b࣐mrou;Ѵ
ľ-mou-l-"o1b-Ѵ7;l࣐ub1--ঞm-ƑƏƐƓĿ;Ѵ-0ou-7orouѴ- ĺ
9
ou;f;lrѴoķ;Ѵruol;7bo7;Ѵ-|-v-7;1u;1blb;m|o7;Ѵ;m;Ѵr;uझo7oŐƑƏƐƏŊƑƏƐƓő_-vb7o-ruoŠbl-7-l;m|;7;†mƔĺƐѵѷķ‹Ѵ-|-v-7;1u;1blb;m|o7;Ѵ1o;C-
1b;m|;7;r-u-;Ѵlbvlor;uझo7o;v7;ŊƐĺѵƑĺ

PERSPECTIVA GENERAL 25
EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

son desiguales entre territorios, áreas rurales y urbanas, ruoˆbm1b-v;m;Ѵ]u†ro7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mol;7boŊ-Ѵ|oĺ


;v|u-|ovvo1bo;1omॕlb1ov‹]u†rov;mˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7ĺѴ Ѵ bv|ub|o-1bom-Ѵ;vѴ-িmb1-ruoˆbm1b-7;Ѵr-झv1om7;-
-f†v|-urou7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7ķ;Ѵ v;u;7†1;;mƑƒĺѵѷķ1b=u- v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-Ѵ|oķlb;m|u-vt†;Ѵ-ruoˆbm1b-7;;7;u-
v†r;ubou-Ѵ-7bvlbm†1bॕmruol;7bo7;Ѵ]u†ro7;r-झv;v m-Ѵ;vu;]bv|u-Ѵovmbˆ;Ѵ;vl࢙v0-fov7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ
7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-Ѵ|oŐƐƖĺƓѷőŐ& ķƑƏƐѵőĺ 1oѴo1࢙m7ov;;mѴ-িѴঞl-rovb1bॕm;m;Ѵu-mhbm]ĺ ;Ѵ-vƓ
ruoˆbm1b-v1om7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo0-foķƒr;u|;m;1;m-Ѵ-
";]িm;Ѵ-r-m|;u-1ঞˆo7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mouoˆbm-
u;]bॕm=uom|;ubŒ-Ő;7;um-Ѵ;vķm7;r;m7;m1b-‹ Ѵझ-vbो-ő
1b-ѴŐ& ķƑƏƐƔőķ;m;Ѵ|;uub|oubom-1bom-Ѵv;;ˆb7;m1b-m
‹u;]bv|u-mѴovbm7b1-7ou;vl࢙v7࣐0bѴ;v7;Ѵ-v|u;v7bl;m-
7b=;u;m1b-vvb]mbC1-ঞˆ-v;mѴ-7bv|ub0†1bॕm;vr-1b-Ѵ7;Ѵ-v
vbom;v t†; ;ˆ-Ѵি- ;Ѵ झm7b1; 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo Ոb7-
orou|†mb7-7;v7;;Šr-mvbॕm7;Ѵ-vѴb0;u|-7;v‹l;fou--
Ѵ-u]-‹v-Ѵ†7-0Ѵ;ķ-11;vo-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm‹;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;ˆb7-őĺ
lb;m|o7;Ѵ-1-Ѵb7-77;ˆb7-ĺ mƑƏƐƔķƓ7;Ѵ-vƒƑruo-
ˆbm1b-v 1Ѵ-vbC1-uom 7;m|uo 7;Ѵ ]u†ro 7; 0-fo 7;v-uuoѴѴo m;=;1|oķ7;-1†;u7o-Ѵ-1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕmm-1bom-Ѵ7;7;-
_†l-moķƐƕ;m;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mol;7bo0-foķ‹ƐƏ v-uuoѴѴo _†l-moķ ;Ѵ r-झv v; 1Ѵ-vbC1- ;m Ѵ- 1-|;]ouझ- 7;

Mapa 1
DESARROLLO HUMANO EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA POR PROVINCIA, 2014

CLASIFICACIÓN IDH
-foĺ

;7bo0-foĺ
;7bo-Ѵ|oĺ
Ѵ|oĺ

†;m|;Ĺ& ķ-r-m|;u-1ঞˆo7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĺ

26 PERSPECTIVA GENERAL
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo l;7bo 0-foĺ10 v|; u;v†Ѵ|-7o ro7uझ- ml-|;ub-7;Ѵ]-v|orি0Ѵb1ovo1b-Ѵķ|-Ѵ‹1olol†;v|u-;Ѵ


l;fou-uvbv;u;7†1;mѴ-v7;vb]†-Ѵ;vorou|†mb7-7;v;m- ]u࢙C1oƑķv;;ˆb7;m1b-m-ˆ-m1;v;mѴ--vb]m-1bॕm7;]-v|o
|u; ]u†rov 7; ro0Ѵ-1bॕm -=;1|-7ov rou Ѵ- 1om7b1bॕm 7; vo1b-Ѵruboub|-uboķrou;f;lrѴo1om;Ѵ]-v|o7;ѴƓѷ7;Ѵ
ro0u;Œ-ķ‹ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7ĺou;f;lrѴoķѴov-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;v-- r-u-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmru;Ŋ†mbˆ;uvb|-ub-ĺ;uo;Ѵ]-v|ovo1b-Ѵ]Ѵo-
uuoѴѴ-7ovrou;Ѵ& Ŋ!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-l†;v|u-m 0-Ѵ|o7-ˆझ-v;;m1†;m|u--mbˆ;Ѵ;vrou7;0-fo7;Ѵruol;7bo
t†;vbv;v†r;u-m7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v1oloѴ-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-77; 7;ĺ m-7b1bॕmķ;Ѵ1u;1blb;m|o7;Ѵ]-v|o;mѴ-=†m1bॕm
]࣐m;uoķ11v;;Ѵ;ˆ-uझ-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo;mƓƓѷĺ ;7†1-1bॕm_-blrѴb1-7ot†;Ѵ--vb]m-1bॕmru;v†r†;v|-ub-
;mѴ-v࢙u;-v7;v-Ѵ†7‹ruo|;11bॕmvo1b-Ѵv;ˆ;--=;1|-7-ĺ

Gráfico 2
DISTRIBUCIÓN DEL GASTO EJECUTADO EN SERVICIOS SOCIALES
!" $! "Ґ"&҃ & "ґĺ !߈ ƑƏƐƏ҃ƑƏƐѵĺ

100%
90%
80%
70%
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016

Protección social 1|bˆb7-7;v7;rou|bˆ-vķ1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;v‹u;Ѵb]bov-v (bˆb;m7-‹v;uˆb1bov1ol†mb|-ubov

Educación Salud

†;m|;Ĺ bu;11bॕm;m;u-Ѵu;v†r†;v|oķbmbv|;ubo7;-1b;m7-ŐƑƏƐѵőĺ

10
v|-1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm;vѴ-1ouu;vrom7b;m|;-Ѵ r1-Ѵ1†Ѵ-7o-mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-Ѵķ‹mo;v1olr-u-0Ѵ;1om;Ѵ;vঞl-7orou;Ѵm=oul;†m7b-Ѵ7; ;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ
v;]িm;Ѵ1†-ѴѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-r;u|;m;1;-Ѵ]u†ro7;r-झv;v;mѴ-1-|;]ouझ-7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-Ѵ|oĺ-u-l࢙vbm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;;Ѵ rˆ;u;Ѵ-r-
m|;u-1ঞˆo 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo 7;Ѵ uo]u-l- 7; Ѵ-v -1bom;v &mb7-v r-u- ;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴoĺ _‚rĹņņ‰‰‰ĺ7oĺ†m7rĺou]ņ1om|;m|ņ7olbmb1-mōu;r†0Ѵb1ņ;vņ_ol;ņ
o†u‰ouhņ_†l-m7;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|ņv†11;vvv|oub;vņl-r-Ŋbm|;u-1ঞˆoŊ7;Ŋ7;v-uuoѴѴoŊ_†l-moŊ7;Ŋu7ĺ_|lѴ
11
;7b7-rou;Ѵ߈m7b1;7; ;vb]†-Ѵ7-77;࣐m;uoķu;Y;f-Ѵ-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;mѴovѴo]uov;m|u;_ol0u;v‹l†f;u;v;m|u;v7bl;mvbom;vĹv-Ѵ†7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ;lro7;-
u-lb;m|o‹l;u1-7o7;|u-0-foĺomv†Ѵ|;Ѵ-o|-|࣐1mb1-ƒ;mĹ_‚rĹņņ_7uĺ†m7rĺou]ņ;mr-u-o0|;m;ul࢙v7;|-ѴѴ;vvo0u;;Ѵ1࢙Ѵ1†Ѵo7;Ѵ߈m7b1;7; ;vb]†-Ѵ7-77;
࣐m;uoĺ

PERSPECTIVA GENERAL 27
EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

Recuadro 1
CONCEPTO DE DESARROLLO HUMANO

El Informe de Desarrollo Humano de 1990 1omu-Œom;vr-u-ˆ-Ѵou-uĺ Ѵ߈m7b1;7; ;- f†v|oķ†u];ˆ;Ѵ-urout†;;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†-


7;Cm; 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo 1olo †m ruo- v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo Ő őķ l;7b7- vbm|࣐ঞ1- l-mor;u7†u;;m;Ѵঞ;lroķ;v7;1buķt†;
1;vo t†; ľo=u;1; - Ѵ-v r;uvom-v l-‹ou;v 7;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-moķ v; 1;m|u- ;m |u;v v;-vov|;mb0Ѵ;ĺ
orou|†mb7-7;vĿ ‹ t†; rom; ࣐m=-vbv ;m Ѵ- 7bl;mvbom;v0࢙vb1-vĺ-;vr;u-mŒ-7;ˆb7-
Ѵˆ;u7-7;uoruo]u;vo;m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†-
Ѵb0;u|-7 7;Ѵ v;u _†l-mo r-u- |;m;u v-Ѵ†7ķ -Ѵm-1;uu;Y;f-Ѵ-1-r-1b7-77;ѴѴ;ˆ-u†m-
l-moķ ;m|om1;vķ mo ;v voѴo †m- 1†;vঞॕm
;7†1-1bॕm ‹ 7bv=u†|-u 7; 1om7b1bom;v 7; ˆb7-Ѵ-u]-‹v-Ѵ†7-0Ѵ;ĺov-ोovruol;7bo
de ampliación de las opciones fundamen-
ˆb7- 7b]m-vĺ ;v7; ;v|; ;m=ot†;ķ ;Ѵ 7;- 7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7‹Ѵov-ोov;vr;u-7ov7;;v-
|-Ѵ;v 7; Ѵ-v r;uvom-v ‹ 7; v† 1-r-1b7-7
sarrollo se concibe como un proceso de 1oѴ-ub7-7u;Y;f-mѴ-1-r-1b7-77;-7t†bubu
para recibir educación, estar sanos, tener
;Šr-mvbॕm7;Ѵ-v1-r-1b7-7;v‹Ѵb0;u|-7;v 1omo1blb;m|ovĺ+;Ѵbm]u;vom-1bom-Ѵ0u†|o
†mmbˆ;Ѵ7;ˆb7-u-Œom-0Ѵ;‹v;mঞuv;v;]†-
u;-Ѵ;v t†; Ѵo]u-m Ѵ-v r;uvom-v r-u- 7;1b- r;u1࢙rb|-u;Y;f-Ѵ-1-r-1b7-77;Ѵo]u-u†m
uovĺ$-l0b࣐m;v†m-1†;vঞॕm7;1†࢙mv;-
7bu v†v ˆb7-v 1om -†|omolझ- 7; ;Ѵ;11bॕmĺ mbˆ;Ѵ7;ˆb7-7;1;m|;ĺ"b0b;m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo
]†uovvom;v|ovѴo]uov‹vbѴ-v1om7b1bom;v
Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo 1omvbv|; ;m -lrѴb-u _†l-mo ;v l†1_o l࢙v t†;  ķ ;v l†‹
vomv†C1b;m|;vr-u-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo
las libertades de modo que todos los seres 7bࣱ1bѴ o0|;m;u Ѵo]uov vbm v-Ѵ†7ķ ;7†1-1bॕm
vov|;mb7oĺ m ;v; v;mঞ7oķ v; u;v-Ѵ|- t†;
_†l-mov r†;7-m -ruoˆ;1_-u Ѵ-v rovb0bѴb- ;bm]u;vovĺ
Ѵov]u-m7;vѴo]uov;m-vr;1|ov=†m7-l;m-
7-7;vt†;1omvb7;u;ml࢙vˆ-Ѵbov-vĺ v|-v
Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo†mbˆ;uv-Ѵķ;mѴ-ru࢙1- |-Ѵ;v7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo1oloѴ-v-Ѵ†7
Ѵb0;u|-7;vঞ;m;m7ov-vr;1|ov=†m7-l;m-
ঞ1-ķv;Ѵo]u-1ol0-ঞ;m7oѴovrubm1br-Ѵ;v ‹Ѵ-m†|ub1bॕmr†;7;mu;v†Ѵ|-uu࢙rb7-l;m|;
tales: la libertad de bienestar, representa-
o0v|࢙1†Ѵov ‹ =oul-v 7; ;Š1Ѵ†vbॕmĺ  v †m vo1-ˆ-7ov rou †m 7;v-v|u; m-|†u-Ѵ o †m-
7-rouѴov=†m1bom-lb;m|ov‹Ѵ-v1-r-1b7--
1om1;r|o ˆbˆoķ -0-u1-7ou ‹ Y;Šb0Ѵ; t†; 7;ru;vbॕm;1omॕlb1-ĺ
7;vķ‹Ѵ-Ѵb0;u|-77;-];m1b-ķu;ru;v;m|-7-
|ol- ;m 1†;m|- |-m|o Ѵ-v ];m;u-1bom;v
rou Ѵ- ˆoŒ ‹ Ѵ- -†|omolझ-ĺ "b 0b;m ;Ѵ 1u;- ou|-m|oķu;t†b;u;|-l0b࣐m;Ѵ-0ou7-f;7;
ru;v;m|;v 1olo Ѵ-v =†|†u-vĺ Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo
cimiento económico sostenido es condi- Ѵ-ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7_†l-m-ķoѴ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-
_†l-mo |u-|- 7; vov|;m;u Ѵov Ѵo]uov o0-
1bॕm m;1;v-ub-ķ ‹ Ѵov bm]u;vov r;uvom-Ѵ;v 7;;uovbॕm7;Ѵ-v1-r-1b7-7;v‹or1bom;v
|;mb7ov;m;Ѵঞ;lroķ7;Ѵ†1_-u1om|u-Ѵov
son un medio importante para expandir 7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vĺ-u-;ѴѴov;_-1;mm;1;-
ruo1;vovt†;;lro0u;1;m-Ѵ-];m|;‹7;
las opciones de las personas, la libertad v-ub-vbmˆ;uvbom;v;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v;vr;1झ-
=u;m-uѴ-oru;vbॕm‹Ѵ-bmf†vঞ1b-;v|u†1|†u-Ѵĺ
depende de factores como la capacidad C1-v‹orou|†m-vt†;-ro‹;m-Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo
ovѴo]uov-Ѵ1-mŒ-7ovro7uझ-mv;u=u࢙]bѴ;v
7; ;Ѵ;11bॕm 1omv1b;m|; ‹ 7; Ѵ-v or1bom;v _†l-mo;mѴ-v7bvঞm|-v;|-r-v7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;
‹ v†v1;rঞ0Ѵ;v 7; u;|uo1;vovķ ‹ 7-7o t†;
7bvromb0Ѵ;vr-u-Ѵ-u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;†m-ˆb7- ˆb7-ĺ
Ѵ-v=†|†u-v];m;u-1bom;vl;u;1;m†m|u-|o

m-7b1bॕmķ7-|ovm-1bom-Ѵ;vu;ˆ;Ѵ-mruo=†m7-v0u;1_-v &mo7;Ѵov=-1|ou;vt†;7;l-m;u-;vr;1झC1-u;|u-v-;Ѵ
para el logro del desarrollo humano especialmente en las Ѵo]uo7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-movov|;mb0Ѵ;ķrout†;-lrѴbC1-
r;uvom-vfॕˆ;m;vķ‹;mr-uঞ1†Ѵ-u;m|u;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vfॕˆ;- las desigualdades, en especial las asociadas a la igualdad
m;vķ1†‹-vorou|†mb7-7;vv;ˆ;mu;7†1b7-v-m|;Ѵblb|-1bo- 7;]࣐m;uoķѴo1omvঞ|†‹;mѴ-v;Ѵ;ˆ-7-v|-v-v7;=;1†m7b-
m;v7;Ѵ-o=;u|-;7†1-ঞˆ-rি0Ѵb1-‹;mv-Ѵ†7bm|;]u-Ѵķ†m 7-7;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ v|;bm7b1-7ou;vr-u|;7;Ѵ߈m7b1;
l;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵ;Š1Ѵ†‹;m|;‹7;0-f-1-Ѵb7-7ķ0-fo-11;vo 7; ;vb]†-Ѵ7-77;࣐m;uo7;Ѵ& ķl;7b7-t†;u;Y;f-
- |;1moѴo]झ-v Ő$vőķ‹ u;v|ubm]b7o -11;vo - bm=oul-1bॕm Ѵ-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;mѴovѴo]uov;m|u;_ol0u;v‹l†f;u;v;m
;m v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ ‹ u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ĸ blr-1|-m7o Ѵov mbˆ;Ѵ;v |u;v7bl;mvbom;vĹv-Ѵ†7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ12 empoderamiento
ro0u;Œ-‹orou|†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-=†|†uoĺ ‹l;u1-7o7;|u-0-foĺ-=;1†m7b7-7;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ

28 PERSPECTIVA GENERAL
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

f†m|o 1om Ѵ- lou|-Ѵb7-7 l-|;um- 1om=oul- Ѵ- 7bl;m-


vbॕm7;v-Ѵ†77;;v|;झm7b1;ķt†;0†v1-;ˆb7;m1b-uѴ-v Recuadro 2

u;r;u1†vbom;v m;]-ঞˆ-v t†; ঞ;m; Ѵ- 7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7 ;m EVIDENCIAS CLAVE SOBRE EL EMBARAZO
EN ADOLESCENTES EN REPÚBLICA
;Ѵ ;f;u1b1bo 7; Ѵ-v Ѵb0;u|-7;v 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ‹ mbो-v DOMINICANA
Ő& ķƑƏƐƏőĺ
Ŋ m1b7;m1b- 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; - mbˆ;Ѵ m-1bom-ѴĹ
|uoझm7b1;7;v-uuoѴѴ-7orou;Ѵ& t†;-rou|-- ƑƏĺƔѷŐ  "ķƑƏƐƒőĺ
Ŋ m1b7;m1b-u†u-Ѵņ†u0-m-Ĺ!†u-ѴƑƐĺƏѷ‹&u0-m-ƐƔĺƒѷĺ
;v|- 7bv1†vbॕm ;v ;Ѵ ߈m7b1; 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo 7; ࣐m;uoķ
Ŋ Ѵ_-0b|-m|;ŲƐƏlbѴѴom;vm-1bॕ;mƑƏƐƔ7;†m-l-7u;
t†;mo;vl࢙vt†;Ѵ-ruorou1bॕm;m|u;Ѵovˆ-Ѵou;v7;Ѵ
-7oѴ;v1;m|; 7; Ɛѵ -ोov ŐC1bm- -1bom-Ѵ 7; v|-7झvঞ-
 1ouu;vrom7b;m|;v-Ѵ-vl†f;u;v‹Ѵov1ouu;vrom- 1-vŊ ķƑƏƐƔőĺ
7b;m|;v - Ѵov _ol0u;vĺ m o|u-v r-Ѵ-0u-vķ lb7; Ѵ-v Ŋ --7b1bॕm7;†mbm=-m|;ŐƏŊƔ-ोovő-†m_o]-uro0u;;m
7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v7;]࣐m;uo;mѴot†;u;vr;1|--Ѵ-1om- RD reduce su probabilidad de salida de la pobreza en un
ƔĺƖr†m|ovŐuo]u-l-7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vr-u-;Ѵ ;-
v;1†1bॕm7;Ѵ-v|u;v7bl;mvbom;v0࢙vb1-v7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo v-uuoѴѴoķƑƏƐѵőĺ
_†l-mo Őv-Ѵ†7ķ ;7†1-1bॕm ; bm]u;vovőĺ v|o r;ulb|; Ŋ ѴƑƏѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v7;ƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोov-0-m7omॕѴ-;v-
conocer las oportunidades de desarrollo humano dis- 1†;Ѵ-rou;v|-u;l0-u-Œ-7-vŐ  "ķƑƏƐƒőĺ

romb0Ѵ;v;mѴovr-झv;vr-u-Ѵov_ol0u;v‹l†f;u;vĺ Ŋ Ѵ ub;v]o 7; †m- -7oѴ;v1;m|; 7; ;v|-u ;l0-u-Œ-7- ;v


ѵˆ;1;v v†r;ubou ;m Ѵ-v l†f;u;v 7; ;7†1-1bॕm rubl-ub-
Ő  "ķƑƏƐƒőu;vr;1|o-Ѵ-v7;;7†1-1bॕmv†r;ubouĺ m
m;Ѵ1-vo7;!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ;Ѵ߈m7b1;7; ;-
;Ѵv;]l;m|o7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;l0-u-Œ-7-v;ѴƕƒĺƑѷ
v-uuoѴѴo 7; ࣐m;uo u;]bv|u- †m ˆ-Ѵou l-‹ou r-u- Ѵov voѴoѴѴ;]ॕ-ѴѶˆoĺ1†uvoŐ  "ƑƏƐƒőĺ
_ol0u;vŐƏĺƕƑƓőt†;r-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vŐƏĺƕƐƕőĺ"b0b;m Ŋ Ѵ ѵƓѷ 7; ѴovņѴ-v  fॕˆ;m;v t†; mb ;v-
Ѵ-vl†f;u;vѴo]u-ml-‹ou7;v;lr;ोo;mѴ-v7bl;mvbo- |†7b-m mb |u-0-f-m Őbmbvő vom l†f;u;v
Ő& ķ;m0-v;-  $ƑƏƐѵőĺ
m;v7;v-Ѵ†7‹;7†1-1bॕmt†;Ѵov_ol0u;vķ;v|omov;
Ŋ Ѵ ƐƑĺƔѷ  7; l†f;u;v ;m|u; ƑƏ ‹ ƓƖ
|u-7†1;;ml;fou-v;m;Ѵ-11;vo-Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵ‹ años se casaron/ unieron antes de los
-†m-u;l†m;u-1bॕm;t†b|-ঞˆ-ĺ-7b=;u;m1b-;m|u;Ѵov ƐƔ-ोovĺ Ѵƒƕѷ-m|;v7;ѴovƐѶ-ोov
Ő !Ŋ"ƑƏƐƓőĺ
bm]u;vov;m|u;Ѵov_ol0u;v‹l†f;u;v;v7;Ɠƒѷĺ
Ŋ Ѵ ƔƑѷ  l-7u;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ঞ;m;
;v7;Ѵ-ॕrঞ1-7;Ѵr-u-7b]l-7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ 1olo-1ঞˆb7-7rubm1br-ѴľѴovt†;_-1;-
u;v7;Ѵ_o]-uĿŐ Ŋ$ ķƑƏƐƒőĺ
-0ou7-u ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; ;v 1Ѵ-ˆ; r-u- -v;-
- Mortalidad materna: 1 de cada 4 que
gurar derechos, ofrecer oportunidades y libertades y fallece es una adolescente (Endesa
vo0u;|o7or-u-1ouu;]bu7bvr-ub7-7;vt†;-=;1|-mmo ƑƏƐƒőĺ

voѴo-Ѵ-foˆ;mvbmo|-l0b࣐m-v†Ővő_bfovņ-v‹v†v1o-

12
-v-Ѵ†7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-7;Ѵ-l†f;ur†;7;l;7buv;-|u-ˆ࣐v7;7ovbm7b1-7ou;vĹ1o;C1b;m|;7;lou|-Ѵb7-7l-|;um-‹|-v-v7;=;1†m7b7-7;m|u;-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ Ѵ
0b;m;v|-u7;Ѵ-l†f;u7†u-m|;;Ѵr-u|oঞ;m;blrou|-m1b-bm|uझmv;1-‹ķ-7;l࢙vķ;v†m-1Ѵ-u-v;ो-Ѵ7;ѴѴ†]-ut†;o1†r-Ѵ-l†f;u;mѴ-vo1b;7-7ĺ-‹=-1|ou;vt†;u;-
7†1;m;Ѵub;v]o7;loubu7†u-m|;;Ѵr-u|oķ1olo;7†1-1bॕmķm†|ub1bॕm-7;1†-7-ķ-11;vo--mঞ1om1;rঞˆovķv;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7ru;m-|-Ѵ‹-vbv|;m1b-7;ruo=;vbom-Ѵ;v
1-r-1b|-7ovĺ+-†mt†;l†1_ov7;;v|ovv;uˆb1bovvom7;0-fo1ov|oķ|o7-ˆझ-Ѵ;vvomm;]-7ov-7;l-vb-7-vl†f;u;vĺ-u;ruo7†11bॕmmovॕѴo1omѴѴ;ˆ-ub;v]ovķ1om
=u;1†;m1b-|-l0b࣐mv;bmb1b-7;l-vb-7oru;l-|†u-l;m|;‹1olruol;|;Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7‹u;v|ubm];Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;v=†|†u-vĺ-ruo1u;-1bॕm-;7-7|;lru-m-ķl;7b7--
|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-77;-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ-†l;m|-Ѵovub;v]ovv-mb|-ubovr-u-Ѵ-l-7u;‹;Ѵ0;0࣐‹v†;Ѵ;blr;7bu-Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v-vbvঞu-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-ķ7;vঞm࢙m-
7oѴ-vl†1_-vˆ;1;v-|u-0-fovt†;ķ;m;Ѵl;fou7;Ѵov1-vovķvomro1o;vr;1b-ѴbŒ-7ovĺ †;m|;Ĺm=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moƑƏƐƏķrrĺƐƏƑ

PERSPECTIVA GENERAL 29
EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

Tabla I.
߈    "!! ‫! ݽ‬ƑƏƐƔ ! ࡛ 
! ࠎ&"  ࠎ ߈" "+!&"
vr;u-mŒ-7; ोov;vr;u-7ov ोovruol;7bo r;u1࢙rb|-
u†roņ-झv (-Ѵou7;Ѵ 
ˆb7--Ѵm-1;u 7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7 7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7 (PPA US$)
†f;u ol0u; †f;u ol0u; †f;u ol0u; †f;u ol0u; †f;u ol0u;
!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m- ƕѵĺƖ ƕƏĺѵ Ɛƒĺƕ ƐƑĺƕ ƕĺƖ ƕĺƔ ƖķƑѶƐ ƐѵķƑƔѵ ƏĺƕƐƕ ƏĺƕƑƓ
El Salvador ƕƕĺƕ ѵѶĺѵ ƐƒĺƏ Ɛƒĺƒ ѵĺƑ ѵĺƖ ƔķƒѶѵ ƐƏķƒѶƔ Əĺѵѵƒ ƏĺѵƖƐ
Jamaica ƕѶĺƑ ƕƒĺƔ ƐƒĺƐ ƐƑĺѵ Ɩĺƕ Ɩĺѵ ѵķѵƑѶ ƐƏķƏѶѵ ƏĺƕƐƖ ƏĺƕƒѶ
l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ
ƕѶĺƓ ƕƑĺƏ ƐƓĺƕ ƐƒĺѶ Ѷĺƒ Ѷĺƒ ƐƏķƏƔƒ ƐѶķƏƖƐ ƏĺƕƓƒ ƏĺƕƔƕ
-ub0;
 -Ѵ|o ƕƕĺƕ ƕƒĺƓ ƐƓĺƐ Ɛƒĺѵ ƕĺѶ Ѷĺƒ ƐƏķƑƐƓ ƐƕķƒѶƓ ƏĺƕƑѶ ƏĺƕѵƏ
†;m|;Ĺ& ŐƑƏƐѵőľm=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moƑƏƐѵĹ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mor-u-|o7-vѴ-vr;uvom-vĿĺ

l†mb7-7;vĺ 7; ˆboѴ;m1b-ķ ;m|u; o|uovĺ m -7b1bॕmķ ;Šbv|;m 7bˆ;uvov


estudios14 t†; -0ou7-m Ѵ-v loঞˆ-1bom;v 7;|u࢙v 7; †m
-=;1†m7b7-7;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;v|-l0b࣐m†mbm7b1-7ou
;l0-u-Œo rѴ-mbC1-7o ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ ;m|u; Ѵ-v 1†--
blrou|-m|;r-u-l-ঞŒ-uѴovѴo]uov;ml-|;ub-7;1u;1b-
Ѵ;vv;bm1Ѵ†‹;mu-Œom;v;1omॕlb1-vĺvblbvloķrѴ-m|;-m
lb;m|o ;1omॕlb1o 7; Ѵov r-झv;vĺ vझ r†;vķ - r;v-u 7;
t†;v;|u-|-7;†m-7;1bvbॕm7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;t†;;f;u-
l;fou-v;m|࣐ulbmov7;bm]u;vovķ_-‹|-u;-vr;m7b;m|;v
1;-];m1b-‹t†;u;vrom7;-†mruo‹;1|o7;ˆb7-t†;v;
;m ;Ѵ ࢙u;- vo1b-Ѵ Ո;u ]u࢙C1o ƒőĺ !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ
-v†l;v;_-1omv|u†b7oĺ
-†mt†;u;]bv|u-|-v-v;Ѵ;ˆ-7-v;mv†bm]u;vom-1bom-Ѵ‹
l;fou-v;mv†vmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķѴb7;u-;m v blrou|-m|; u;1ou7-u t†; ;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo |-l-
;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;m-1blb;m|ov7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v-Ѵ 0b࣐m1omvb7;u-Ѵ-Ѵb0u;agencia 7;Ѵovbm7bˆb7†ovov†_-0b-
1olr-u-uv;|-m|o1oml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ŋl†‹ lidad para ayudarse y contribuir con su sociedad, proceso
rou ;m1bl- 7; Ѵov r-झv;v 7; ‫=ܬ‬ub1- "†0v-_-ub-m- Ŋ -vझ t†; ruoˆ;; †m- l-‹ou Ѵb0;u|-7ĺ "; 7;Cm; Ѵ- 1-r-1b7-7
1olo;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-r-झv;v7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo-foĺ 7;-];m1b-1oloľѴot†;†m-r;uvom-;vѴb0u;7;_-1;u‹
-Ѵ1-mŒ-u;mѴ-0িvt†;7-7;Ѵ-u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vl;|-vo
Šbv|;†m-7bvঞm1bॕm;m|u;;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒorѴ-mbC1-7o‹mo
Ѵovˆ-Ѵou;vt†;;v-r;uvom-1omvb7;u;1oloblrou|-m|;vĿ
rѴ-mbC1-7oĺ13 Ѵ rubl;uo u;vrom7; - Ѵ- 7;1bvbॕm 7; |;-
Ő"-_-ķƑƏƐƏőĺ Ѵ|࣐ulbmov;u;Ѵ-1bom-1omo|uov;Ѵ;l;m|ov
m;u †m _bfoņ-‹ Ѵ- v;]†m7- - †m u;v†Ѵ|-7o mo ;vr;u-7o
1olo;Ѵ;lro7;u-lb;m|oķѴ--†|omolझ-ķѴ-Ѵb0;u-1bॕmķѴ-
ruo7†1|o7;Ѵ-=-Ѵ|-7;bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;1ॕlo;ˆb|-uѴoķ
r-uঞ1br-1bॕmķ‹Ѵ-1omC-mŒ-;mvझlbvloņ-ĺ
-†v;m1b-o=-ѴѴo7;l࣐|o7ov-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovķ;rbvo7bov

13
$-l0b࣐mv;1Ѵ-vbC1-1olo7;v;-7o‹mo7;v;-7oĺ(;uĹ"-m|;ѴѴbķĺķ!o1_-|ķ!ĺķ-|C;Ѵ7Ŋ$bl-f1_‹ķĺķbѴ0;u|ķĺĺķ†uঞvķĺķ-0u-Ѵķ!ĺķş"1_b;ˆ;ķĺŐƑƏƏƒőĺ$_;
l;-v†u;l;m|-m7l;-mbm]o=†mbm|;m7;7ru;]m-m1‹ĺ;uvr;1ঞˆ;vomv;Š†-Ѵ-m7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ;_;-Ѵ|_ķƒƔŐƑőķƖƓŊƐƏƐĸŐ1 †;v|omķ"bѴˆ;ul-mşѴ-vvl-mķƑƏƐƑĸ
)ķƑƏƏƕĸu;vѴ;uŊ-uv_-ѴѴşom;vķƑƏƐƑ1b|-7ovrou!)ķƑƏƐƓőĺ
14
(-u]-vķ$ĺķ!-lझu;ŒķĺķŐƑƏƏƕőľ v|†7bo†-Ѵb|-ঞˆovo0u;-|;umb7-7‹-|;umb7-7;mѴ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-Ŀķ ĺ

30 PERSPECTIVA GENERAL
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

Gráfico 3
PORCENTAJE DE NACIMIENTOS DE MADRES ADOLESCENTES EN REGIONES
& + !&" ߈" "" ࡛" ࠎ  "!!
&Ґ ґĺ & & ƑƏƐƏ҃ƑƏƐƔ

República Dominicana 22.3%


l࣐ub1--|bm-‹;Ѵ-ub0; 16.6%
‫=ܬ‬ub1-"†0v-_-ub-m- 15.4%
-fo 14.5%
África 14.3%
DH Medio 12.4%
DH Alto 9.7%
Mundo 9.6%
Norte de África 7.8%
l࣐ub1-7;Ѵou|; 7.1%
Asia 6.9%
Oceanía 6.2%
Europa 3.9%
†‹Ѵ|o 3.5%

ƏĺƏѷ ƔĺƏѷ ƐƏĺƏѷ ƐƔĺƏѷ ƑƏĺƏѷ ƑƔĺƏѷ

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕmruorb--r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ ;r-u|-l;m|o7;v†m|ov 1omॕlb1ov‹"o1b-Ѵ;v7;-1bom;v&mb7-vķ


ŐƑƏƐƕő;m=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo& ŐƑƏƐѵőĺ

oo0v|-m|;ķ;Ѵ1om|;Š|ovo1b-Ѵ‹7;7;u;1_ov;m;Ѵt†; 7-vĺ - -7oѴ;v1;m1b- ;v Ѵ- ;|-r- r-u- 1omv|u†bu 1-r-1b-
ˆbˆ; Ѵ- r;uvom-ķ Ѵ-v moul-v vo1b-Ѵ;vķ Ѵ;]-Ѵ;vķ Ѵ- 1†Ѵ|†u-ķ 7-7;vt†;Ѵ†;]or;ulbঞu࢙m7;Cmbu†mruo‹;1|o7;ˆb7-ĺ
Ѵ-=-lbѴb-‹Ѵ-lbvl-1ol†mb7-7ķbm1Ѵ†vbˆ;Ѵ-;7-715 pue- mro1-vr-Ѵ-0u-vķ;Ѵ;m|oumof†;]-†muoѴblrou|-m|;;m
7;m7;|;ulbm-uѴ-1-r-1b7-7;=;1ঞˆ-7;;f;u1;u-];m1b- Ѵ-bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-rѴ-m|;-7-;m;Ѵm=oul;ĺ
‹ ;lro7;u-lb;m|o‹ 7; |ol-u 7;1bvbom;vĺ †-m7o ;v;
Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;_-1omvঞ|†b7o;m†m|;l-
1om|;Š|o;v|࢙1-u-1|;ubŒ-7orouor1bom;v‹orou|†mb7--
7;-Ѵ|-ru;o1†r-1bॕmm-1bom-Ѵķ16;ˆb7;m1b-7o;mv†bm1Ѵ†-
7;vѴblb|-7-vķ-11;vo-bm=oul-1bॕm‹;vঠl†Ѵovvo1b-Ѵ;v
vbॕm;m7bvঞm|ovbmv|u†l;m|ovt†;]†झ-mѴ-rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm
‹ ;7†1-ঞˆov ;v1-vovķ ‹ ˆboѴ;m1b-ķ Ѵ-v 7;1bvbom;v v; |o-
m-1bom-Ѵ‹Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-vĺou;f;lrѴoķѴ- v|u-|;]b-
l-m;m†m;vr-1bo7;bm=oul-1bॕmѴblb|-7-ĺ+vo0u;|o7o
-1bom-Ѵ7; ;v-uuoѴѴoŐ  őƑƏƒƏ17ŋl-u1om-1bom-Ѵ
cuando muchas de estas dinámicas han sido normaliza-
7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo - =†|†uo Ŋ  ;m v† ;f; mিl;uo Ƒķ o0f;ঞˆo

15
olo;v;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-|;lru-m-7;ƐƏ-ƐƔ-ोovĺ
16
mbˆ;Ѵbm|;um-1bom-Ѵķu;v-Ѵ|-Ѵ--];m7- "Ő-];m7-ƑƏƒƏő‹-mbˆ;Ѵu;]bom-Ѵ;ѴѴ-mu;]bom-Ѵ7;ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7; l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-7;Ѵ"bv|;l-7;
m|;]u-1bॕm;m|uo-l;ub1-m-ĺ
17
;‹ƏƐŊƐƑĺ

PERSPECTIVA GENERAL 31
EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

ƑĺƑĺƐķ bm1Ѵ†‹; ;Ѵ =ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m|o 7; Ѵov v;uˆb1bov 7; Gráfico 4


v-Ѵ†7 1oѴ;1ঞˆ- u;Ѵ-1bom-7ov 1om Ѵov ;ˆ;m|ov 7; 1-7- $"  &     " $ 
1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķ;m1oѴ-0ou-1bॕm1omѴ-v-†|oub7-7;vѴo1-- ! ƑƏƐƏ҃ƑƏƐƔҐ $"!
Ѵ;v‹Ѵ-v1ol†mb7-7;vķ;m;Ѵ1†-Ѵv;_-1;࣐m=-vbv;mѴ-  & ! " $! ƐƔ+ƐƖࠃ"ґķ
ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ18vblbvloķ;Ѵ !(   "!!&ĺ
Ѵ-m-1bom-ѴѴ†ub-m†-Ѵ7;Ѵ";1|ouি0Ѵb1oƑƏƐƒŊƑƏƐѵķ
1om|;lrѴॕ-Ѵ]†movruo‹;1|ov7;bmˆ;uvbॕm;m;Ѵv;1|ou 120
v-Ѵ†7 ‹ -vbv|;m1b- vo1b-Ѵķ vo0u; Ѵ- ru;ˆ;m1bॕm 7;Ѵ ;l-
101.6 100.6
barazo en adolescentes y el fortalecimiento de la salud 100
86.9 87.8
v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vfॕˆ;m;vĺouo|u-
80
parte, el Plan de Gobierno del Presidente Danilo Me- 67.0
66.6
7bm-ƑƏƐѵŊƑƏƑƏCfॕѴ-l;|-7;7bv;ो-u‹;f;1†|-uruo-
60
gramas para reducir los embarazos en adolescentes en
38.9
†mƑƏѷl;7b-m|;Ѵ-blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm7;;v|u-|;]b-vvo- 40
1boŊ;7†1-ঞˆ-v‹rvb1or;7-]ॕ]b1-vķ‹;Ѵ=ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m|o
7; Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕm v;Š†-Ѵ ‹ ;Ѵ ruo]u-l- 7; _-0bѴb7-7;v 20

r-u-Ѵ-ˆb7-;m;Ѵvbv|;l-;7†1-ঞˆoĺ;v|ov;v†l-†m-
0
l†ѴঞrѴb1b7-77;bmb1b-ঞˆ-v‹ruo]u-l-v|-m|o7;Ѵv;1|ou

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Őőr-u-bm1b7bu;m|u-mv=oul-u;v|-vb|†-1bॕmķ1olo ࣐ub
l

v;ˆ;u࢙l࢙v-7;Ѵ-m|;;m;Ѵ1-rझ|†ѴoƓĺ
†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "7;Ѵ& -r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ)ouѴ7
r;v-u7;;ѴѴoķѴ-;ˆoѴ†1bॕm7;;v|;bm7b1-7ou;m;Ѵr-झv or†Ѵ-ঞomuovr;1|vĹ$_;ƑƏƐƕ!;ˆbvbomĺ-1bom;v&mb7-vķ‹m=oul;vo0u;
;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo& ŐƑƏƐѵőĺ
ru;v;m|-†m-u;vbv|;m1b--Ѵ-0-f-;ml࢙v7;|u;v7࣐1--
7-vŐƐƖѶƏŊƑƏƐƔő19ĺ v|-vb|†-1bॕm1o0u-†ml-ঞŒl࢙v
ru;o1†r-m|;-িm;m|u;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vt†;ˆbˆ;m;m -v;ˆb7;m1b-v7bvromb0Ѵ;vv;ो-Ѵ-mt†;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- o-
entornos de pobreza, rompiendo el ciclo de acceso a minicana registra la tasa de fecundidad adolescente más
1-r-1b7-7;v ‹ Ѵblb|-m7o v† ro|;m1b-Ѵķ t†; Cm-Ѵl;m|; -Ѵ|-ŐƐƏƏĺѵ(ŠƐķƏƏƏl†f;u;v7;ƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोovő21 en-
u;ruo7†1;;Š1Ѵ†vbom;v7†u-v20, discriminaciones, y res- |u; Ѵov r-झv;v 7; Ѵ- 1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo
|ubm];;ѴѴo]uo7;Ѵruo]u;vo;mlিѴঞrѴ;v7bl;mvbom;vĺ Ѵ|oŐ& ķƑƏƐѵőĺ m;v|;v;mঞ7oķ-†mt†;-mbˆ;Ѵ]Ѵo-

18
$-l0b࣐mru;v;m|;;mѴ-;‹ƐƒѵŊƏƒľॕ7b]or-u-;Ѵ"bv|;l-7;uo|;11bॕm‹Ѵov ;u;1_ov †m7-l;m|-Ѵ;v7;mbोovķmbो-v‹-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĿķ;ѴѴ-m-1bom-Ѵ7;
]†-Ѵ7-7‹ t†b7-77;࣐m;uoŐ ķƑƏƏƕŊƑƏƐƕő7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7;Ѵ-†f;uķ-Ѵb]†-Ѵt†;ѴovrѴ-m;v7;1;m-Ѵ;v7;"-Ѵ†7‹ 7†1-1bॕmĺ
19
-1bom;v&mb7-vŐƑƏƐƕő)ouѴ7or†Ѵ-ঞomuovr;1|vĹ$_;ƑƏƐƕ!;ˆbvbomĺ
20
";u;C;u;-;Š1Ѵ†vbom;vt†;|u-v1b;m7;m;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;voŌ‹;v|࢙m-vo1b-7-v-Ѵ|u-|o7;vb]†-ѴķѴ-7bv1ublbm-1bॕmķѴ-ˆboѴ;m1b-oѴ-;vঞ]l-ঞŒ-1bॕmrou1om7b1bॕm
࣐|mb1-ou-1b-Ѵķ1oѴou7;rb;Ѵķb7;mঞ7-7v;Š†-Ѵķ]࣐m;uoķu;Ѵb]bॕmķ1om7b1bॕmlb]u-m|;ķm-1bom-Ѵb7-7or-7;1blb;m|o7;7bv1-r-1b7-7;vࣱvb1-vol;m|-Ѵ;vŌĺ-u-
;uu-7b1-u;v|-v;Š1Ѵ†vbom;vmo;vv†C1b;m|;1;uu-u0u;1_-vl-|;ub-Ѵ;vŐ& ķƑƏƐѵőĺ
21
Si bien es cierto que en el contexto dominicano se deben incorporar al análisis las niñas de 10-15 años para ilustrar mejor la realidad social, a nivel internacional
‹m-1bom-ѴѴ-v;v|-7झvঞ1-v-িmmou;Y;f-mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-|;lru-m-‹v;;m=o1-m;mѴ-vl†f;u;v7;ƐƔŊƐƖ-ोovĺ

32 PERSPECTIVA GENERAL
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

Recuadro 3
PROGRESO MULTIDIMENSIONAL

ľ!! "&$  "ĿҐґ es dimensional, pero los trasciende al contemplar -l-‹ou-l;m-Œ--1|†-Ѵ-Ѵruo]u;vol†Ѵঞ7b-


†m 1om1;r|o r-u-]†-v ŋ 7;v-uuoѴѴ-7o rou ;Ѵ |-l0b࣐mѴ-v;Š1Ѵ†vbom;vt†;;v|࢙mrou;m1bl- mensional en ALC, es la u;1-झ7-7;;m|u;ƑƔ
&  ;m ;Ѵ bm=oul; u;]bom-Ѵ r-u-  ľuo- 7;Ѵ-vѴझm;-v7;bm]u;vovķm;1;vb7-7;v0࢙vb1-v ‹ƒƏlbѴѴom;v7;_o]-u;v7;Ѵ-ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7
]u;vo†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴĹ0b;m;v|-ul࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵ ‹ 1-u;m1b-vĺ Ѵ  v; 7;Cm; 1olo ľ†m ;vr-- -Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-;Š|u;l-, por lo que se proponen
bm]u;voĿ Ŋ  r-u- Ѵ- l;7b1bॕm 7;Ѵ 0b;m;v|-u ;m 1bo7;7;v-uuoѴѴo1omѴझlb|;vmoul-ঞˆovķ;m;Ѵ l;7b1bom;v‹roѴझঞ1-vr-u-oub;m|-uroul;7bo
Ѵovr-झv;v7;Ѵ-u;]bॕmķ1olobmv|u†l;m|or-u- t†; m-7- t†; 7bvlbm†‹- Ѵov 7;u;1_ov 7; Ѵ-v 7;;ˆb7;m1b-vor1bom;v7;v-Ѵb7-7;Ѵ-ro0u;-
ˆ-Ѵou-u Ѵ- vb|†-1bॕm 7;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo u;]bom-Ѵ 7; r;uvom-v‹ Ѵ-v 1ol†mb7-7;vķ mb t†; -l;m-1; Œ-ķ1olor-u-;ˆb|-uѴ-u;1-झ7-ĺ
‹r;uvr;1ঞˆ-v7;=†|†uoĺou|-m|oķmo;v la sostenibilidad ambiental del planeta, puede
ѴѴo]uo7;Ѵruo]u;vol†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵru;v;m-
v†C1b;m|;1omѴѴ;]-u-Ѵo]u-u1;uoro0u;Œ-;m 1omvb7;u-uv;ruo]u;voĺ Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;Ѵ1om-
ta actualmente un reto para la República Do-
Ѵov r-झv;vķ rou b]†-Ѵ v; u;t†b;u; -v;]†u-u t†; cepto, por tanto, requiere expandir las fronte-
lbmb1-m- rou v;u †mo 7; Ѵov r-झv;v 7; l-‹ou
Ѵ-vr;uvom-vmou;1-b]-m-Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ĺou;ѴѴoķ u-v7;Ѵ-7;Cmb1bॕm7;0b;m;v|-u-Cm7;bm1Ѵ†bu
1u;1blb;m|o7;Ѵ-u;]bॕmķ1Ѵ-vbC1-7o1olor-झv
;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;v7;;Ѵv;;m=o1-;m†m-ˆbvbॕm como prioridades públicas, entre otras, las di-
7; u;m|- l;7b- ‹ 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo -Ѵ|oĸ
7;ro0u;Œ-l࢙v7bm࢙lb1-ķb7;mঞC1-m7o|u-m- l;mvbom;vu;Ѵ-1bom-7-v1om;Ѵ|u-0-fo7;1;m-
r;uo1omu;Œ-]ovblrou|-m|;v;mѴ-u;7bv|ub0†-
vb1bom;v7;v7;‹_-1b-Ѵ-ro0u;Œ--Ѵb]†-Ѵt†; |;ĸ Ѵ- 1-Ѵb7-7 7; Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕmĸ Ѵ- b]†-Ѵ7-7 7;
1bॕm7;ѴovѴo]uov;1omॕlb1ovĸ‹1omu;7†1b7-
Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-vt†;7;0;mblrѴ;l;m|-u- ]࣐m;uoĸѴ-ruo|;11bॕmvo1b-Ѵ‹Ѵovvbv|;l-v7;
capacidad de traducir este crecimiento en ase-
v;r-u--v;]†u-uѴovѴo]uov;m;Ѵঞ;lroĺ$b;m; 1†b7-7o-Ѵ-Ѵ1-m1;7;Ѵov_o]-u;vĸ;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo
]†u-lb;m|o7;7;u;1_ov‹-lrѴbC1-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v
1olo ˆ-Ѵou -ो-7b7o Ѵ- bm1Ѵ†vbॕm 7; झm7b1;v ‹ 7;1ol†mb7-7;vv;]†u-vķ‹;Ѵ1†b7-7o7;Ѵl;-
oportunidades en los diferentes momentos del
roѴझঞ1-v 7bub]b7-v - v†r;u-u Ѵ- ro0u;Œ- l†Ѵঞ- 7bo-l0b;m|;ĺ
1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺ

PERSPECTIVA GENERAL 33
EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

0-Ѵ ov|;m|- Ѵ- 1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-moѴ|oķ v blrou|-m|; u;v-Ѵ|-u t†; ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; ;v
Ѵ-v|-v-vu;]bv|u-7-v7;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;m;Ѵr-झv †m- ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1- vo1b-Ѵ 7; lিѴঞrѴ;v -ubv|-vķ t†; 7;0;
vomvblbѴ-u;v-Ѵ-v7;Ѵovr-झv;v7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo 7;Cmbuv;1olo†mY-];Ѵol†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵt†;u;v|ubm-
-foķ1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm_bv|ॕub1-l;m|;v†r;u-7-rou!;rি0Ѵb- ]; ;Ѵ 0b;m;v|-uķ 1-†v-7o rou =-1|ou;v t†; v; u;=†;uŒ-m
22
ca Dominicana ĺ v|-v ;v|-7झvঞ1-v vom u;ˆ;Ѵ-7ou-v 7; l†|†-l;m|;ĺ o ;v †m ruo0Ѵ;l- 7; v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ‹ u;-
Ѵ-vѴblb|-1bom;v;Šbv|;m|;vr-u-l;fou-u;Ѵ7;v;lr;ोo7; ruo7†1ঞˆ-rouvझvoѴo‹7;1olr;|;m1b-7;Ѵovv;1|ou;v
;v|;bm7b1-7ouķt†;l†;ˆ;m-u;=oul†Ѵ-u7;=oul-†u];m- 7;v-Ѵ†7o;7†1-1bॕmĺ-v;ˆb7;m1b-vbm7b1-mt†;;v†m
|;u;vr†;v|-v7;roѴझঞ1-rি0Ѵb1-ĺ =;mॕl;mot†;v;l-]mbC1-;mѴovv;1|ou;vl࢙vro0u;vķ

22
m=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĹ ;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mor-u-|o7-vѴ-vr;uvom-vŐ& ķƑƏƐѵőĺ

Recuadro 4
EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE DESDE LA ÓPTICA DE LA AGENDA 2030

- ];m7- ƑƏƒƏ ŋ 1om v†v Ɛƕ 0f;ঞˆov 7;


;v-uuoѴѴo "ov|;mb0Ѵ; Ő "ő ‹ ƐѵƖ l;|-v Ŋ
-ruo0-7-rouѴovr-झv;v;mѴ-†l0u;7;Ѵ-v
-1bom;v &mb7-v vo0u; ;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴo "ov|;-
mb0Ѵ; 7; ƑƏƐƔķ ;v Ѵ- 1†Ѵlbm-1bॕm 7; l࢙v 7;
7-l;m|-Ѵ]-u-mঞŒ-u†m-ˆb7-v-m-‹ruoloˆ;u;Ѵ m;uov‹;lro7;u-u-|o7-vѴ-vl†f;u;v‹Ѵ-v
1†-|uo 7;1;mbov 7; 7b࢙Ѵo]o ‹ 7;0-|; l†Ѵঞ-
0b;m;v|-ur-u-|o7ov‹|o7-v;m;Ѵ;m|;m7b7o7; mbो-v
Ѵ-|;u-Ѵ vo0u; 1ॕlo u;vrom7;u - Ѵov 7;v-ࣱov
t†; v; u;t†b;u;m bmb1b-ঞˆ-v r-u- ;uu-7b1-u rou
l;7bo-l0b;m|-Ѵ;vķ vo1b-Ѵ;v ‹ ;1omॕlb1ov - 0f;ঞˆoѶĹuoloˆ;u;Ѵ1u;1blb;m|o;1omॕ-
1olrѴ;|o †m- ]-l- 7; ;m=;ul;7-7;v ‹ _-1;u
t†; ;m=u;m|- Ѵ- 1ol†mb7-7 bm|;um-1bom-Ѵĺ - lb1ovov|;mb7oķbm1Ѵ†vbˆo‹vov|;mb0Ѵ;ķ;Ѵ;l-
=u;m|;-m†l;uov-v‹ˆ-ub-7-v1†;vঞom;vr;uvbv-
u;vromv-0bѴb7-77;Ѵ--rѴb1-1bॕm7;Ѵ-];m7-ķ rѴ;orѴ;mo‹ruo7†1ঞˆo‹;Ѵ|u-0-fo7;1;m|;
|;m|;v‹;l;u];m|;vu;Ѵ-ঞˆ-v-Ѵ-v-Ѵ†71oloѴo
-7or|-7-1olou;v†Ѵ|-7o7;;Š|;mv-vm;]o- r-u-|o7ov
;v;Ѵ=;mॕl;mo7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
1b-1bom;v;m|u;Ѵov v|-7ovb;l0uovķu;1-; - 0f;ঞˆoƐƏĹ!;7†1buѴ-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;m‹;m-
m;=;1|oķ;Ѵo0f;ঞˆoƒĺƕĺƑrѴ-m|;-Ѵ-m;1;vb7-7
rubm1br-Ѵl;m|; vo0u; Ѵov ]o0b;umov m-1bom-- |u;Ѵovr-झv;v
7;]-u-mঞŒ-u;Ѵ-11;vo†mbˆ;uv-Ѵ-Ѵovv;uˆb1bov
Ѵ;vĺ v;ѴrѴ-m7;-11bॕml࢙v-lrѴbo-1ou7-7o
7;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķbm1Ѵ†b7ovѴov7; Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vঞ;m;†m-;v|u;1_-
_-v|-Ѵ-=;1_-r-u-;Ѵblbm-uѴ-ro0u;Œ-;Š|u;-
rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm =-lbѴb-uķ bm=oul-1bॕm‹ ;7†1-1bॕmķ u;Ѵ-1bॕm 1om ;Ѵ -ˆ-m1; _-1b- Ѵov 0f;ঞˆov 7;
l-ķu;7†1buѴ-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7‹ruo|;];u;ѴrѴ-m;-
‹Ѵ-bm|;]u-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-;mѴ-v ;v-uuoѴѴo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;Ő "őĺomѴ--7or1bॕm7;
|-ĺovrubm1brbov=†m7-l;m|-Ѵ;v;mѴovt†;v;
;v|u-|;]b-v ‹ Ѵov ruo]u-l-v m-1bom-Ѵ;vĺ |uov Ѵ-];m7-ƑƏƒƏķ!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-;m=u;m|-
v†v|;m|-Ѵ--];m7-vomĹ
o0f;ঞˆovt†;]†-u7-m†m-;v|u;1_-u;Ѵ-1bॕm1om ;Ѵ7;v-ࣱo7;|u-7†1bu;Ѵ-Ѵ|o1u;1blb;m|o;1omॕ-
Ɛĺ&mbˆ;uv-Ѵb7-7 ;Ѵ|;l-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹-0ou- lb1o;m†m--lrѴb-1bॕm7;orou|†mb7-7;v7;Ѵ-v
Ƒĺo7;f-u-m-7b;-|u࢙v 7-mlিѴঞrѴ;v-ubv|-v7;;v;=;mॕl;movomĹ r;uvom-vķ vbm 7bv1ublbm-1bom;v mb ;Š1Ѵ†vbॕm 7;
ƒĺm|;u1om;Šbॕm;bm7bˆbvb0bѴb7-7 mbm]িmv;]l;m|o7;ro0Ѵ-1bॕmĺ
- 0f;ঞˆo ƐĹ om;u Cm - Ѵ- ro0u;Œ- ;m |o7-v
Ɠĺm1Ѵ†vbॕm
v†v=oul-v;m|o7o;Ѵl†m7oĺ
Ɣĺoor;u-1bॕm;m|u;lিѴঞrѴ;vr-u|;v
 bm|;u;v-7-v - 0f;ঞˆoƓĹ-u-mঞŒ-u†m-;7†1-1bॕmbm1Ѵ†vb-
ˆ-ķ;t†b|-ঞˆ-‹7;1-Ѵb7-7‹ruoloˆ;uorou- †;m|;vĹ
&""mo‰Ѵ;7];;m|u;=ou"†v|-bm-0Ѵ; ;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|ĺ
Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; ;v †m |;l- 1Ѵ-ˆ; |†mb7-7;v7;-ru;m7bŒ-f;7†u-m|;|o7-Ѵ-ˆb7-  ķŐƑƏƐѵőĺ];m7-ƑƏƒƏ‹Ѵov0f;ঞˆov7; ;v-uuo-
7;m|uo7;;v|--];m7-ĺ Ѵ "ƒķ"-Ѵ†7‹b;m- r-u-|o7ovĺ ѴѴo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;ķ&m-orou|†mb7-7r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹ Ѵ
-ub0;ĺ
;v|-uķrou;f;lrѴoķঞ;m;1oloruorॕvb|o=†m- - 0f;ঞˆo ƔĹ o]u-u Ѵ- b]†-Ѵ7-7 ;m|u; Ѵov ]࣐-

34 PERSPECTIVA GENERAL
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

donde la desigualdad y la falta de oportunidades contri- ŋ;vr;1b-Ѵl;m|;-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;;Šr;ubl;m|-uom;l0-u-Œo


0†‹;m-Ѵ-r;ur;|†-1bॕm7;Ѵruo0Ѵ;l-ĺou;f;lrѴoķ;Šbv- 7†u-m|; Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- Ŋ  7;v7; †m- r;uvr;1ঞˆ- l†Ѵ-
|;mˆझm1†Ѵov;m|u;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹Ѵ-v†mbom;v ঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķ ruboubŒ-m7o Ѵ-v ࢙u;-v ];o]u࢙C1-v 7; -Ѵ|-
|;lru-m-vķ 7;v;u1bॕm ;v1oѴ-uķ ˆboѴ;m1b-ķ bmv;u1bॕm ;m ;Ѵ bm1b7;m1b-7;ro0u;Œ-ĺ
l;u1-7o Ѵ-0ou-Ѵ Ő)o7omķ -Ѵ;ķ m-]ou†‰-ķ "-ˆ-7o]oķ
-0;u;v-Ѵ|-ut†;;m;Ѵr-झvv;u;]bv|u-m-ˆ-m1;vvb]mb-
ş+;7-mķƑƏƐƕőĺ
C1-ঞˆov ;m ;Ѵ -m࢙Ѵbvbv 7; Ѵ-v 7bm࢙lb1-v t†; bm1b7;m ;m
Ѵ -m࢙Ѵbvbv 1om r;uvr;1ঞˆ- bm|;]u-7ou- 7; lিѴঞrѴ;v 7b- ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ ;m r-uঞ1†Ѵ-u ;m b7;mঞC1-u
mensiones, plantea el reto de caracterizar las correla- 7;|;ulbm-m|;vķ;vঞl-u1ov|ov‹-m-ѴbŒ-uѴ-vb|†-1bॕm7;
1bom;v ;m|u; ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v t†; bm|;u-1|ি-m 7;|;ulbm-m7o v-Ѵ†7 7; Ѵ- l-7u; ‹ 7; Ѵov mbोovņmbो-vĺ23 No obstante,
;v1-v-v orou|†mb7-7;vĸ‹ -vझ Ѵblb|-m7o Ѵ-v rovb0bѴb7-7;v -িm;Šbv|;m;ˆb7;m1b-vѴblb|-7-v7;Ѵ-l;7b1bॕm7;v†v
7;v-Ѵb7-7;ro0u;Œ-‹7;l;fou-u;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ consecuencias, y las repercusiones de sus efectos como
m -7b1bॕmķ ;Ѵ m=oul; !;]bom-Ѵ 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo Ѵblb|-m|;v7;Ѵ-vor1bom;v7;ruo]u;voķloˆbѴb7-7vo1b-Ѵ‹
ƑƏƐѵķ;ŠrѴb1-t†;Ѵovfactores asociados con la salida de 7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ
las personas de la pobreza, no son los mismos que los que
vru;1bv-l;m|;-|u-ˆ࣐v7;ѴѴ;m|;7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo
proveen resiliencia ante los eventos económicos, personales
ŋrouv†-lrѴb|†77;;m=ot†;Ŋt†;1om;v|;m=oul;v;
y ambientalesĺr-uঞu7;Ѵ;m=ot†;7;Ѵruo]u;vol†Ѵঞ7b-
busca ir más allá de los efectos del embarazo en la adoles-
l;mvbom-Ѵķv;ruorom;-Ѵovr-झv;v1;m|u-uv†vbm|;uˆ;m-
1;m1b-;m-Ѵ]িmv;1|ou;Š1Ѵ†vbˆoŐvoѴov-Ѵ†7ķvoѴo;7†1--
1bom;v;mroѴझঞ1-vr-u-mor;u7;uѴovѴo]uov-Ѵ1-mŒ-7ov‹
1bॕmő‹loˆ;uѴ-u;Y;Šbॕm-†m|;uu;mol†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķ
ru;ˆ;uu;1-झ7-v-Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ķ‹t†;bm1Ѵ†‹-mѴ-v;Š1Ѵ†vbo-
t†;bm1Ѵ†‹--7;l࢙v-1|ou;v1oloѴovr-7u;v‹l-7u;v7;
m;vl࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵbm]u;voĹrou;f;lrѴoķ7;v-uuoѴѴ-m7o_-0b-
Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹v†vr-u;f-vŐor-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov24 de
Ѵb7-7;v;m;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-1om࣐m=-vbv;mѴ-ruo|;11bॕm7;
ѴovņѴ-vmbोovņ-vőĺ mo|u-vr-Ѵ-0u-vķ;Ѵ;m=ot†;7;7;v--
Ѵ-mbो;Œķ-7†Ѵ|ovl-‹ou;v‹r;uvom-v1om7bv1-r-1b7-7ĺ
uuoѴѴo_†l-mor;ulb|;ˆbv†-ѴbŒ-u‹7bl;mvbom-uѴ-v;Š1Ѵ†-
vbom;vt†;v†=u;m]u†rov;vr;1झC1ov7;ro0Ѵ-1bॕmt†;ķ
0f;ঞˆov‹7;|-ѴѴ;v7;Ѵm=oul; ‹;m;vr;1b-Ѵ;m;Ѵ1om|;Š|o7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ
u;Y;f-Ѵ-m;1;vb7-77;;v|-0Ѵ;1;u†m--];m7-7;roѴझঞ-
v|;m=oul;ঞ;m;1oloo0f;ঞˆo7;|;ulbm-u‹1-u-1|;ub-
1- rি0Ѵb1- =o1-ѴbŒ-7- _-1b- ]u†rov ;m 7;vˆ;m|-f- vo1b-Ѵ
Œ-uѴovblr-1|ov;m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo;mѴ-vl†f;u;v
‹;1omॕlb1-ķ;Š1Ѵ†b7ov7;Ѵ7bm-lbvlo7;Ѵ-;1omolझ-ĺ

23
ou;f;lrѴoĹov|ov7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ő$ ķŊ Ŋ$ ķ& ķƑƏƐƒőt†;;vঞl-Ѵov1ov|ov7;
Ѵovv;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7;m-|;m1bॕm-Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹Ѵ-l-|;umb7-77;-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m;Ѵr-झv‹;m;Ѵ"bv|;l--1bom-Ѵ7;"-Ѵ†7ĸ Ѵ l0-u-Œo7oѴ;v1;m|;;mo]--
u;vo0u;v7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ĺ ˆb7;m1b--r-uঞu7;Ѵ- "ƑƏƐƏŐ-‹7;;ѴbŒ-uu-v1oķƑƏƐƑőt†;b7;mঞC1-Ѵov=-1|ou;vvo1bo;1omॕlb1ov-vo1b-7ov-
Ѵ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;;l0-u-ŒoŊl-|;umb7-7;mѴ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vt†;ˆbˆ;m;m1om7b1bom;v7;ro0u;Œ-őĸ Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-
$;m7;m1b-vo0v;uˆ-7-v-r-uঞu7;Ѵ-v m1†;v|-v ;lo]u࢙C1-v‹7;"-Ѵ†7Ő  "ƐƖѶѵŊƑƏƐƒő& Ŋuo=-lbѴb-Ő࣐u;ŒŊ$_;mķƑƏƐƔőĸ;m|u;o|uovĺ
24
Ѵ|࣐ulbmoľr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-7;Ѵ-l†f;uv†f;|o7;;v|;bm=oul;Ŀv;†ঞѴbŒ-r-u-b7;mঞC1-u;Ѵ_ol0u;1omt†b;mѴ-l†f;uruo1u;ॕv†rubl;u_bfoņ-ĺ
o_-0Ѵ-lov;Š1Ѵ†vbˆ-l;m|;7;r-u;f-rout†;ķ;ml†1_ov1-vovķ;Ѵr-7u;7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-mo;vѴ-r-u;f--1|†-Ѵĺvblbvloķ1om;ѴCm7;b7;mঞC1-uѴ-vb|†-1bॕm
7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v-Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķv;|ol-;m1†;m|-7;=oul-l࢙v7bu;1|-;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-ķ-†mt†;vझv;bm7-]-vo0u;;l0-u-Œov
v†0vb]†b;m|;vĺo7;0;1om=†m7buv;1om;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵ-l†f;uĺ mo|u-vr†0Ѵb1-1bom;vķv;†ঞѴbŒ-mѴov|࣐ulbmovľ;l0-u-Œ-7ou;vĿ‹ņoľruo];mb|ou;vĿĺ

PERSPECTIVA GENERAL 35
EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

;l-m;u-;vr;1झC1-0†v1-Ĺ m|࣐ulbmov;vr;1झC1ovķѴovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]--
1bॕmķ 0-v-7ov ;m †m -m࢙Ѵbvbv 1†-mঞ|-ঞˆo Ŋ 1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆoķ
- vঞl-u ;Ѵ 1ov|o 7; orou|†mb7-7 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7o-
u;-Cul-m t†; ;Šbv|; †m ˆझm1†Ѵo ;m|u; Ѵ- ro0u;Œ- ‹ ;Ѵ
Ѵ;v1;m|;;mѴ-vl†f;u;vĺ v|ovb]mbC1-1-Ѵ1†Ѵ-uѴ-vr࣐u-
;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ 1om u;r;u1†vbom;v ;vr;1झC1-v
7b7-v;m7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ;v7;1buķѴovѴo]uovt†;ķ
;m࢙u;-v|-Ѵ;v1oloĹѴo]uov;7†1-ঞˆovķ=oul-1bॕm;bm-
;m-†v;m1b-7;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķѴ-ņ;Ѵfoˆ;mo0-
v;u1bॕmѴ-0ou-Ѵķv-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ;l0-u-Œov
|;m7uझ-;m࢙u;-v1oloĹ;7†1-1bॕmķ1-r-1b|-1bॕmķv-Ѵ†7ķ
v†0vb]†b;m|;vķ ;Šr;1|-ঞˆ-v ‹ rѴ-m;v 7; ˆb7-ķ 1om=ou-
|u-0-fo7;1;m|;ķr;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;=†|†uoĺ
l-1bॕm 7; Ѵ-†mb7-7 =-lbѴb-u‹;v|-0bѴb7-7 7; Ѵ-v†mbo-
- Ѵ-0ou-uu;1ol;m7-1bom;v7;roѴझঞ1-vt†;vbuˆ-m7; m;vķl†;u|;vbm=-mঞѴ;v‹u;vromv-0bѴb7-77;Ѵovr-7u;v
bmv†lor-u-;ѴruॕŠbloѴ-m-1bom-Ѵ7;u;ˆ;m1bॕm 0boѴॕ]b1ovĺvblbvloķ;v|;;v|†7bou;ˆ;Ѵ-t†;;Šbv|;†m
7;Ѵ l0-u-Œo ;m7oѴ;v1;m|;v ‹ 7; o|u-v bmb1b-ঞˆ-v -Ѵ|o1ov|o7;orou|†mb7-7r-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;v1om†mrub-
m-1bom-Ѵ;vt†;v†uf-mr-u--0ou7-u;v|-vb|†-1bॕmĺ l;u;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;m1olr-u-1bॕm1om
-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;rov|;u]-uom;v|-7;1bvbॕm_-v|-†m-;7-7
mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-l;|o7oѴo]झ-ķ;Ѵ;v|†7bov;ѴѴ;ˆॕ-1-0o
l࢙v-ˆ-mŒ-7-ĺ
l;7b-m|;7ov-0ou7-f;v7bvঞm|ovĺ&m-m࢙Ѵbvbv1†-mঞ|-ঞˆo
-|u-ˆ࣐v7;†mlo7;Ѵo7;ruo0-0bѴb7-725 para determinar Ѵ]†mov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov o0|;mb7ov ;m ;Ѵ ;v|†7bo 7;l†;v-
;Ѵblr-1|ot†;ঞ;m;Ѵ-1om7b1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v- |u-mt†;ķ;m];m;u-Ѵķ-t†;ѴѴov_o]-u;v7om7;vॕѴo_-‹
1;m|;;mѴ-vfॕˆ;m;vt†;;Šr;ubl;m|-uom;v|-1om7b1bॕmķ l†f;u;v t†; v; ;l0-u-Œ-uom 7†u-m|; Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ
‹;m|u;-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;moķvo0u;bm7b1-7ou;v1olo;7†1-- ঞ;m;m †m l;mou rou1;m|-f; 7; -CѴb-1bॕm - v;]†uo 7;
1bॕmķbm]u;voķ-11;vo-Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵķ‹$vĺ|u-ˆ࣐v v-Ѵ†7 ŐѵƒĺѶѷőķ t†; Ѵov _o]-u;v 7om7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ;Š-
7;Ѵ7bv;ोo‹-rѴb1-1bॕm7;†m-;m1†;v|--ѵѵƐ_o]-u;v r;ubl;m|-uom;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo;m†mr;uझo7orov|;-
seleccionados de la base de datos del Sistema Único de ubou ŐƕƑĺѵѷőĺ m -7b1bॕmķ Ѵovņ-v _bfovņ-v 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v
;m;C1b-ubovŐ"& őķv;o0|†ˆb;uomѴovbmv†lovm;1;- ;l0-u-Œ-7-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ঞ;m;m †m- ruo0-0bѴb7-7 7;
v-ubov r-u- -rѴb1-u Ѵov l࣐|o7ov 1†-mঞ|-ঞˆov t†; v;u࢙m =-ѴѴ;1blb;m|o;mѴ-mbो;ŒƒĺƖˆ;1;vv†r;ubou-Ѵt†;ঞ;-
7;|-ѴѴ-7ovl࢙v-7;Ѵ-m|;ĺ26 7b1bom-Ѵl;m|;ķv;u;-ѴbŒॕ†m m;mѴ-vl†f;u;v;l0-u-Œ-7-v-r-uঞu7;ѴovƑƏ-ोovĺ m
Ѵ;ˆ-m|-lb;m|o1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆo1om-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;l0-u-Œ-7-vķ u;Ѵ-1bॕm - |;l-v ;7†1-ঞˆovķ Ѵ-v l-7u;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v
r-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov‹r;uvom-v1Ѵ-ˆ;7;Ѵ-1ol†mb7-7;m ঞ;m;m†m-l-‹ouruo0-0bѴb7-77;-0-m7om-uѴov;v|†-
Ѵ-v Ѵo1-Ѵb7-7;v v;Ѵ;11bom-7-v r-u- o0|;m;u bm=oul-1bॕm 7bov 7;0b7o -Ѵ ;l0-u-Œoĺ Ѵ ƒƑѷ 7; ;v-v fॕˆ;m;v 7;-
7;|-ѴѴ-7-7;Ѵ-v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;ˆb7--1|†-Ѵ;v‹Ѵ-v7b- 1Ѵ-uॕt†;mov;bmv1ub0bॕmb|-lro1o-vbvঞॕ-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-
mensiones de impacto al momento del primer embarazo, 7†u-m|; ;Ѵ -ोo ;v1oѴ-u ;m t†; v; ;l0-u-Œॕ rou 1-†v-
;m|u;o|uovĺom;ѴѴov;0†v1ॕb7;mঞC1-u;Ѵ;l;m|ovt†; 7;;v;;ˆ;m|o‹†mƐƔѷ-Cul-t†;Ѵ-u-Œॕm=†;t†;v;
mov;1-r|†u-m;mѴ-r-u|;1†-mঞ|-ঞˆ-r;uot†;=oul-m †mbॕ1omv†r-u;f-ĺ27
r-u|;7;Ѵ-v7bm࢙lb1-v;m|oumo-Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ

25
(;u-m;Šol;|o7oѴॕ]b1oĺ
26
Ѵlol;m|o7;ѴѴ;ˆ-lb;m|oѴ-vfॕˆ;m;v‹-_-0झ-mvb7ol-7u;vĺ-u-Cm;v7;-m࢙Ѵbvbvķv;7;v-]u;]-uom;m|u;-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;=†;uoml-7u;vrourubl;u-ˆ;Œ;m|u;Ѵov
ƐƑŊƐƖ-ोov‹-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;=†;uoml-7u;vrourubl;u-ˆ;Œ-r-uঞu7;ѴovƑƏ-ोovĺ
27
"bmѴ-1om7b1bॕm7;;l0-u-Œoĺ

36 PERSPECTIVA GENERAL
UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA

]†-Ѵl;m|;ķv;o0v;uˆ-t†;Ѵov_o]-u;v1oml†f;u;v1om
;l0-u-Œo7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ru;v;m|-ml;fo-
u;v 1om7b1bom;v vo1bo;1omॕlb1-v t†; Ѵov _o]-u;v 1om ѵƒĺѶ%
l†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ&m-7;
Ѵ-v1om1Ѵ†vbom;v7;Ѵbm=oul;;vt†;Ѵ-l†f;ut†;rov|;u-
ga el embarazo luego de la adolescencia ingresa más fá-
1bѴl;m|;-Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;1omॕlb1-l;m|;-1ঞˆ-ķঞ;m7;
-1-v-uv;1om†m-r;uvom-1oml-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo‹
u;vb7; ;m †m _o]-u 1om l-‹ou 1-mঞ7-7 7; r;u1;r|o-
u;v7;bm]u;vovĺ v|oѴ;r;ulb|;|;m;u†ml-‹oubm]u;vo
r;u 1࢙rb|-‹ l;fou;v 1om7b1bom;v 7;ˆb7-ĺ -v †mbom;v DE LAS ADOLESCENTES
|;lru-m-v |-l0b࣐m bm1b7;m 7; l-m;u- vb]mbC1-ঞˆ- ;m EMBARAZADAS
las probabilidades del embarazo en adolescentes, re-
v†Ѵ|-7o 1omvbv|;m|; 1om o|uov ;v|†7bov Ő)o7omķ -Ѵ;ķ
TIENEN MENOR %
m-]ou†‰-ķ"-ˆ-7o]oķş+;7-mķƑƏƐƕőĺ";;ˆb7;m1b-uom DE AFILIACIÓN AL
|-l0b࣐mvb|†-1bom;v7;ˆboѴ;m1b-‹7bv1ublbm-1bॕm;Šr;- SEGURO DE SALUD
ubl;m|-7-vrouѴ-vl†f;u;vbmˆ;vঞ]-7-vĺ

|u-7bl;mvbॕmt†;u;v-Ѵ|-;m;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv;v;Ѵ|;l-7;Ѵ
rout†;;v|;;ˆ;m|oo1†uu;;m;m|oumov1om7bm࢙lb1-v
-11;vo-|;1moѴo]झ-7;Ѵ-bm=oul-1bॕmŐ$vő‹v†u;Ѵ--
t†;ru;v;m|-mo|u-v;Š1Ѵ†vbom;vru;Ŋ;Šbv|;m|;vĺ
1bॕm bmˆ;uv- 1om Ѵ- ruo0-0bѴb7-7 7; ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v-
1;m|;ķ‹-t†;Ѵ-foˆ;m1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-
ঞ;m;ƓѶѷl;movrovb0bѴb7-7;v7;|;m;u-11;vo-$vķ Contenido del Informe
;m1olr-u-1bॕm1om-t†;ѴѴ-t†;;Šr;ubl;m|ॕ;Ѵ;l0--
El contenido de este informe se ha estructurado en cinco
u-Œo-†m-;7-7rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ ;_;1_oķ
1-rझ|†Ѵovĺ Ѵ1-rझ|†ѴoƐru;v;m|-†m-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;Ѵ-;ˆoѴ†-
;Ѵ;v|†7bo1om1Ѵ†‹;t†;|;m;u-11;vo-Ѵ-v$vr†;7;
1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;m;Ѵr-झvķr-uঞ;m7o7;
u;7†1bu ;m Ɣƒѷ Ѵ- rovb0bѴb7-7 7; t†;7-u ;l0-u-Œ-7-
Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-]Ѵo0-Ѵĺ Ѵ1-rझ|†ѴoƑ-0ou7-Ѵov1ov|ov7;
7†u-m|;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ28
oportunidad del embarazo adolescente, analizados a tra-
$-l0b࣐mķѴov7-|ovu;ˆ;Ѵ-mt†;;m;Ѵ1om|;Š|o7;Ѵ-ro- ˆ࣐v7;†mѴ;ˆ-m|-lb;m|o7;bm=oul-1bॕm-l†f;u;vt†;
0u;Œ-ŋ1-u-1|;ubŒ-7orouѴ--†v;m1b-7;orou|†mb7-7;v ;Šr;ubl;m|-uom‹ņomoķ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ m
‹†m-bmv†C1b;m|;o=;u|-7;v;uˆb1bov0࢙vb1ov7;1-Ѵb7-7 ;v|-v;11bॕmķv;ruo=†m7bŒ-vo0u;;Ѵ;m|oumovo1bo;1omॕ-
ŋ;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-=;1|--|o7-vѴ-vl†f;u;vķbm7;r;m7b;m- lb1o7;Ѵov_o]-u;vķv;1-u-1|;ubŒ--Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;vo0f;|o
|;l;m|;7;t†;v;;l0-u-1;m;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-omoķ 7;Ѵ;v|†7boķ-Ѵb]†-Ѵt†;-Ѵ-r-u;f-or-7u;0boѴo]b1o7;Ѵ

28
-;m1†;v|-Ѵ;ˆ-m|ॕbm=oul-1bॕm;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-11;vo-bm|;um;|ķ1;Ѵ†Ѵ-u‹1olr†|-7ou-ķr;uomov;-0ou7ॕ;Ѵ1om|;mb7o‹Ѵ-1-Ѵb7-77;Ѵ-vbm=oul-1bom;vo0|;mb-
7-vrou;v|-ˆb-ĺ

PERSPECTIVA GENERAL 37
EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

rubl;u_bfoņ-7;Ѵ-l†f;u‹v;_-1;†m--ruoŠbl-1bॕm-Ѵov serie de medidas a corto y mediano plazo para afrontar


;=;1|ov;blr-1|ovvo1bo;1omॕlb1ovt†;Ѵ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1- ;Ѵ|;l-7;v7;ˆ-ubovmbˆ;Ѵ;v‹v;1|ou;v‹-Ѵb]†-Ѵt†;7b-
7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ঞ;m;vo0u;;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†- =;u;m|;v;v1;m-ubov7;roѴझঞ1-vbm|;]u-Ѵ;voľ1ol0ov7;
l-moĺ ࢙v -7;Ѵ-m|;ķ ;Ѵ 1-rझ|†Ѵo ƒ 1olrѴ;l;m|- ;v|ov l;7b7-vĿ t†; 1olr;|;m -Ѵ ࢙l0b|o ;1omॕlb1oķ vo1b-Ѵ ‹
u;v†Ѵ|-7ov1om†m-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-t†;-0ou7- cultural, con alto impacto en reducir las probabilidades
Ѵov blr-1|ov 7;Ѵ ;ˆ;m|o ;m Ѵ-v orou|†mb7-7;v 7; 7;v-- 7;;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹l;fou-uѴ-1-Ѵb7-77;
uuoѴѴoķ-†|omolझ-‹0b;m;v|-u;lo1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vĺ ˆb7-‹Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;v7;-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;‹-Ѵo_-m;Šr;-
m-7b1bॕmķv;;ˆ-Ѵি-mѴ-vr;uvr;1ঞˆ-v‹-vrbu-1bom;v7; ubl;m|-7oĺ";ruorom;mroѴझঞ1-v7b=;u;m1b-7-vr-u-ķrou
Ѵ-foˆ;ml-7u;ķ;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1oķ‹o|uov-1|ou;v1Ѵ-ˆ;v †m-r-u|;ķ1om|ub0†bu-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ-
7;Ѵ-1ol†mb7-77;v7;v†vruorb-vlbu-7-vĺ Ѵ1-rझ|†Ѵo -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ‹ķrouo|uoķl;fou-uѴ-v1-r-1b7-7;vķorou-
Ɠ bm1Ѵ†‹; †m l-r;o 7; Ѵ-v rubm1br-Ѵ;v bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v‹ |†mb7-7;v‹u;vbѴb;m1b-Ѵ†;]o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œot†;-v;]†u;m
roѴझঞ1-v ;Šbv|;m|;v r-u- _-1;u =u;m|; -Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7o- l;fou;vor1bom;v‹orou|†mb7-7;vr-u-;ѴѴ-vķr-u-v†v_b-
Ѵ;v1;m|;ĺ fovņ-v‹v†;m|oumoĺ v|-vu;1ol;m7-1bom;vv;;m=o1-m
movoѴo-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vl-7u;vvbmo|-l0b࣐m;mv†;m|oumoķ
bm-Ѵl;m|;ķ ;Ѵ 1-rझ|†Ѵo Ɣ ru;v;m|- Ѵ-v 1om1Ѵ†vbom;v 7;Ѵ
bm1Ѵ†‹;m7o;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†rubl;u_bfoņ-ķ‹v†v
;v|†7bo ‹ Ѵ-v u;1ol;m7-1bom;v r-u- Ѵ- =oul†Ѵ-1bॕm 7;
ruorbovr-7u;v‹l-7u;vĺ
roѴझঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-v ;l-m;u-;vr;1झC1-ķv;rѴ-m|;-†m-

38 PERSPECTIVA GENERAL
߈$&Ɛ

 !,
  " $  
! ࡛ Ĺ
(&ࠎ+$  "
EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

Introducción 7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moŊ-vo1b-7--Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķ-Ѵ-vorou-
|†mb7-7;vķ-Ѵ-vr;u1;r1bom;vķ‹;Š1Ѵ†vbom;vt†;o1†uu;m
LA LITERATURA;vr;1b-ѴbŒ-7--7ˆb;u|;t†;Ѵ-v|-v-vu;-
;m;Ѵl-u1o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹t†;ro7uझ-;ŠrѴb-
lacionadas al embarazo en adolescente disminuyen con
1-u7;=oul-l࢙v-uঞ1†Ѵ-7-7b1_-vb|†-1bॕmĺ
;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo ;1omॕlb1o ‹ vo1bo1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ 7; Ѵov r-झv;vķ
‹-t†;;v|ovr†;7;mv;u7;|;ulbm-m|;v;mѴov1-l0bov
7;1om7†1|-vv;Š†-Ѵ;v‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-v7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vĺ Desarrollo humano y la fecundidad adolescente en
]†-Ѵl;m|;ķѴovruo1;vov7;lo7;umbŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵovr-झv;v Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ĺr;uvr;1ঞˆ-1olr-u-7-
ruoˆo1-mt†;;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œov;rov|;u]†;-;7-7;v
mbˆ;Ѵl†m7b-ѴķѴ-v|-v-v7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;r-u-
l࢙v-7†Ѵ|-v‹ņoѴ-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-77bvlbm†‹-7;0b7o
|o7-vѴ-v1Ѵ-vbC1-1bom;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo_-m|;mb7o
-t†;Ѵ-vņѴovfॕˆ;m;vruboubŒ-mѴ--1†l†Ѵ-1bॕm7;1-rb|-Ѵ
†m- |;m7;m1b- - Ѵ- 0-f- 7;v7; Ѵov -ोov 1bm1†;m|- _-v|-
_†l-mo‹l;fou;v1om7b1bom;vѴ-0ou-Ѵ;vrou;m1bl-7;
;Ѵt†bmt†;mboƑƏƐƏŊƑƏƐƔĺovr-झv;v1oml-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ7;
Ѵ-bmb1b-1bॕm7;Ѵ-=-lbѴb-Ő!o7uझ]†;Œ(b]moѴbķ b;v-u;ķş
desarrollo, ya sea medido por ingresos, como por el Índice
࢙;ŒķƑƏƐƕ1b|-m7o-_;uu‹‹ bѴѴomķƑƏƐƓĸŐ b;v-u;ķ
de Desarrollo Humano, comenzaron a disminuir la tasa de
ƑƏƐƔőĺ
fecundidad global297࣐1-7-v-m|;vt†;Ѵovr-झv;v1oml;-
1omঞm†-1bॕmķv;;ŠrѴou-mѴovrubm1br-Ѵ;vu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7; moumbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴoķ1oloѴovr-झv;v7;‫=ܬ‬ub1-"†0v-_--
Ѵ-v bmˆ;vঞ]-1bom;v u;-ѴbŒ-7-v - mbˆ;Ѵ m-1bom-Ѵ ‹ u;]bom-Ѵ ub-m-ķ‫=ܬ‬ub1-ol࣐ub1--ঞm-ķvb;m7o;v|ovিѴঞlovѴovt†;
para caracterizar el embarazo en adolescencia, de modo l-‹ouu;|u-vo|†ˆb;uom;m;m1-lbm-uv;;mѴ-|u-mvb1bॕmĺ
t†; v; r†;7- o0|;m;u †m- rubl;u- -ruoŠbl-1bॕm 7; Ѵ-v
;-1†;u7o-Ѵov-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;Ѵ-v|;m7;m1b-v7;lo]u࢙C1-vķ
1-†v-v‹Ѵ-v1omv;1†;m1b-v7;;v|;;ˆ;m|oĺom;ѴѴoķv;
Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-v;;m1†;m|u-;m†mruo1;vo7;
0†v1-ruo0Ѵ;l-ঞŒ-ur;uvr;1ঞˆ-v=o1-ѴbŒ-7-v;m†mv;1|ou
|u-mvb1bॕm7;lo]u࢙C1-l;7b-ķ1-u-1|;ubŒ-7-rouѴ-7bvlb-
;vr;1झC1oķo;m†m-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;ķo7;|;ulbm-m|;bm7bˆb7†-Ѵĺ
m†1bॕm7;Ѵ-|-v-7;lou|-Ѵb7-7ķ-†l;m|o7;Ѵ-;vr;u-mŒ-
olo v; -m-ѴbŒ-u࢙ l࢙v -7;Ѵ-m|;ķ Ѵ- |-v- 7; =;1†m7b7-7 7;ˆb7-‹u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7]Ѵo0-Ѵĺ30 Sin
;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vv;u;Ѵ-1bom-1om7bvঞm|-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vvo- ;l0-u]oķ-Ѵ-m-ѴbŒ-uѴ-|;m7;m1b-7;Ѵ-|-v-;vr;1झC1-7;
1boŊ;1omॕlb1-vķ 7;lo]u࢙C1-v ‹ 1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;vķ ;m|u; o|u-vĺ fecundidad31 r-u- -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;m|u; ƐƔ‹ ƐƖ -ोovķ v;
m|;;v|oķv;_-1;m;1;v-ubobul࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;ľѴ;1|†u-v=࢙- o0v;uˆ-†m-;ˆoѴ†1bॕm;v|-1bom-ub-Ĺ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵঞ;lro
1bѴ;vĿ‹7;;m=ot†;vbm7bˆb7†-Ѵ;vķ‹-t†;1-7-†mo7;Ѵov mou;]bv|u-1-l0bovvb]mbC1-ঞˆovķѴot†;u;v†Ѵ|-bm1omvbv-
=-1|ou;vt†;bm1b7;;mѴ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-moѴ-;ŠrѴb1-rou |;m|;1om;Ѵ1olrou|-lb;m|o;Šr;ubl;m|-7orouѴ-|-v-
vझvoѴoĺ m;Ѵl-u1o7;Ѵ-];m7-ƑƏƒƏv;u;t†b;u;†m- ]Ѵo0-Ѵ7;=;1†m7b7-7ĺ m-7b1bॕmķ;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;Ѵ-|-v-;vr;-
lbu-7-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵŋ1omvbv|;m|;1om;Ѵ;m=ot†;7; 1झC1-7;=;1†m7b7-7r-u-Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vv;;m1†;m|u-

29
-|-v-]Ѵo0-Ѵ7;=;1†m7b7-7v;u;C;u;-Ѵmিl;uo7;_bfovt†;;mruol;7bo|;m7uझ-mѴ-vl†f;u;v-ѴCm-Ѵ7;v†ˆb7-u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-vb7†u-m|;Ѵ-lbvl-;v|†ˆb;u-m
;Šr†;v|-v-Ѵ-v|-v-v7;=;1†m7b7-7rou;7-77;Ѵr;uझo7o7;;v|†7boĺ_‚rvĹņņ1;Ѵ-7;ĺ1;r-Ѵĺou]ņu;7-|-lņ!+ "ņ""ņ);0_;Ѵrņ_;Ѵrvbvrbĺ_|lŲ=;1†m7b7-7ĺ_|l
30
࣐u;Œ$_;mķĺŐƑƏƐƔő$;m7;m1b-v0v;uˆ-7-v-r-uঞu7;Ѵ-v;m1†;v|-v7;lo]u࢙C1-v‹7;v-Ѵ†7Ő  "ƐƖѶѵŊƑƏƐƒőĺ
31
-|-v-;vr;1झC1-7;=;1†m7b7-7v;7;Cm;1olo;Ѵ|o|-Ѵ7;m-1blb;m|ov7;l-7u;v7;ƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोovķr;u|;m;1b;m|;v-Ѵ࢙l0b|o7;;v|†7boķ-ѴoѴ-u]o7;†m-ोo|
rou1-7-ƐĺƏƏƏl†f;u;v7;7b1_o1oѴ;1ঞˆoro0Ѵ-1bom-Ѵĺ_‚rĹņņ‰‰‰ĺbm;ĺ;vņl;|o7oѴo]b-ņ|ƑƏņl;|o7oѴo]b-ōb70ĺr7=

40 CAPÍTULO 1
EVOLUCIÓN Y TENDENCIAS

Tabla 2.
$" " ߈   &     " $ Ґ "!ƐķƏƏƏ& ! " ƐƔ҃ƐƖࠃ"ґķ
! " & &  " ! "!  " & 
u†roņ-झv ƐƖƔƏŊƐƖƔƔ ƐƖѵƔŊƐƖƕƏ ƐƖƖƔŊƐƖƖƖ ƐƖƖƔŊƑƏƏƏ ƑƏƐƏŊƑƏƐƔ
‫=ܬ‬ub1-"†0v-_-ub-m- ƐƔƓĺƏ ƐƔƐĺѵ ƐƔƏĺƕ ƐƒƑĺƖ ƐƐƏĺƓ
!;rĺ olbmb1-m- ƐƕƏĺƓ ƐƓѶĺƏ ƐƐƏĺѵ ƐƐƐĺƏ ƐƏƏĺѵ
‫=ܬ‬ub1- ƐƔƏĺƑ ƐƓѶĺƏ Ɛƒѵĺƒ ƐƐƓĺѶ ƖƖĺƓ
l࣐ub1--ঞm-
ƐƏƓĺƓ ƐƏƐĺƒ ѶѶĺƓ ѶƒĺѶ ѵѵĺѵ
‹;Ѵ-ub0;
-ub0; ƐƏƑĺƐ ƐƐƕĺѵ ƖƐĺƏ ƕƕĺѶ ѵƏĺƏ
Mundo ѶѵĺƓ ѶƏĺƒ ѵѶĺѶ ƔƖĺƒ ƓѵĺƔ
ou|;7;‫=ܬ‬ub1- ƐƒѵĺƏ ƐƒƔĺƒ ѶѶĺƒ ƓѶĺƖ ƓƔĺƖ
Asia ƖƓĺƒ ƕѶĺƕ ѵƐĺƖ Ɠƕĺѵ ƒƏĺѵ
Europa ƑƕĺƓ ƒѵĺƖ ƒƒĺƒ ƑƒĺƖ ƐѵĺƏ

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ)ouѴ7or†Ѵ-ঞomuovr;1|vĹ$_;ƑƏƐƕ!;ˆbvbomĺ-1bom;v&mb7-vķ‹& ŐƑƏƐѵő

muy por encima de la registrada por el promedio de los r-u-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-voѴo;v1olr-u-0Ѵ;1omruo-


r-झv;v1om7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-Ѵ|oķ_olॕѴo]ov7;Ѵr-झvķ l;7bov u;]bv|u-7ov ;m Ѵov r-झv;v 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo
ru;v;m|-m7o†m1olrou|-lb;m|o7bvझlbѴ;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-;v- 0-foķ 1olo -t†;ѴѴov ;m Ѵ- u;]bॕm‫=ܬ‬ub1- "†0v-_-ub-m-‹
|ovbm7b1-7ou;vķ‹-t†;Ѵ-|-v-;vr;1bC1-7;=;1†m7b7-7 ‫=ܬ‬ub1-Ո;u]u࢙C1oƔ-‹Ɣ0őĺ32

Gráfico 5a
$" " ߈   &     " $ Ґ "!ƐķƏƏƏ& ! " 
ƐƔ҃ƐƖࠃ"ґ!(   "!!&ķ! & & "ҐƐƖƔƏ҃ƑƏƐƔґ

ƑƏƏĺƏ

ƐƔƏĺƏ

ƐƏƏĺƏ

ƔƏĺƏ

0
Ɣ

Ɣ
ƖƔ

Ɩѵ

Ɩѵ

Ɩƕ

Ɩƕ

ƖѶ

ƖѶ

ƖƖ

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ƏƏ

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ƏƐ
҃Ɛ

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҃Ɛ

҃Ɛ

҃Ɛ

҃Ɛ

҃Ɛ

҃Ɛ

҃Ɛ

҃Ƒ

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҃Ƒ
ƔƏ

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ѵƏ

ѵƔ

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ƐƖ

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†‹Ѵ|o DH Alto DH Medio -fo República Dominicana

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ)ouѴ7or†Ѵ-ঞomuovr;1|vĹ$_;ƑƏƐƕ!;ˆbvbomĺ-1bom;v&mb7-vķ‹& 


ŐƑƏƐѵő

32
-=;1†m7b7-7]Ѵo0-Ѵ;m;Ѵr-झv;vb]†-Ѵ-Ѵ-l†m7b-ѴŐƑĺƔ_bfovņ-vroul†f;uőķ-7b=;u;m1b-7;Ѵ-=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķt†;;v|࢙-Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;Ѵruol;7bo-=ub1-mo‹
7;Ѵovr-झv;v7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo0-fo1omƐƏƏĺѵm-1blb;m|ovrouƐķƏƏƏl†f;u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m! ;m†m-ोoķƐƏƐĺѵ;mr-झv;v7; 0-fo‹ƖƖĺƓ;m‫=ܬ‬ub1-ĸ
v†r;u-7-voѴorou‫=ܬ‬ub1-"†0v-_-ub-m-ŐƐƐƏĺƓőĺ

CAPÍTULO 1 41
EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

Gráfico 5b
$" " ߈   &     " $ Ґ "!ƐķƏƏƏ& ! "
ƐƔ҃ƐƖࠃ"ґ+$"  &   Ґ "!& !ґ
! & & " ! ࡛ ҐƐƖƔƏ҃ƑƏƐƔґ

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Tasa Específica de Fecundidad Adolescente Tasa Global de Fecundidad

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ)ouѴ7or†Ѵ-ঞomuovr;1|vĹ$_;ƑƏƐƕ!;ˆbvbomĺ-1bom;v&mb7-vķ‹& ŐƑƏƐѵő

Ѵ 1olrou|-lb;m|o 7; Ѵ- |-v- ;vr;1झC1- 7; =;1†m7b7-7 1†;m|u-;mѴ-rovb1bॕmor†;v|-7;v1ubr|--m|;uboul;m|;ķ


-7oѴ;v1;m|;;m;Ѵr-झvl†;v|u-†mr-mou-l-7b=;u;m|;- ‹-t†;|o7ovv†v_olॕѴo]ov;m7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-Ѵ|oķ
Ѵ-|-v-]Ѵo0-Ѵĺ"b0b;m_-v|-ѴѴ;]-u-Ѵ-7࣐1-7-7;ѴovѶƏѴ- ঞ;m;m †m- |-v- 7; =;1†m7b7-7 ;m -7oѴ;v1;m|; l†1_o
|;m7;m1b-;u-_-1b-Ѵ-0-f-ķ1olov;1olrou|-0-mѴovr-झ- l;mouՈ;uu࢙C1oѵőĺ
v;v7; -Ѵ|oķ-r-uঞu7;-_झ;v1†-m7o1olb;mŒ--u-- -1olr-u-1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;1om;Ѵ Ջ
Ѵ;mঞŒ-uv†7;v1;mvo_-v|-t†;7-uv;;mѴot†;v†]b;u;v;u v†v|u;v7bl;mvbom;vŋv-Ѵ†7ķ;7†1-1bॕm‹ˆb7-7b]m-őr;u-
†m-ľl;v;|-Ŀ‹u;vbvঞuv;-Ѵ-0-f-roul࢙v7;ƒƔ-ोov33ĺ lb|;lov|u-u†m-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-v†v|;m|-7-;m†m;m=ot†;

Ѵ -vo1b-u Ѵ- |-v- ;vr;1झC1- 7; =;1†m7b7-7 -7oѴ;v1;m|; l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķ l࢙v  -ѴѴ࢙  7; -m࢙Ѵbvbv †mb7bl;mvbom-Ѵĺ
‹mbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;1-7-r-झvv;o0v;uˆ-Ѵ- - !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ 1om 1-u;m1b-v 7; ;7†1-1bॕmķ
;Šbv|;m1b-7;†m-1ouu;Ѵ-1bॕmm;]-ঞˆ-;m|u;Ѵ-v7ovˆ-- v-Ѵ†7 ‹ ro0u;Œ- l;mov ruom†m1b-7-v t†; r-झv;v 1olo

ub-0Ѵ;vĸ;v7;1buķ-l;moumbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķl࢙v †-|;l-Ѵ-‹b1-u-]†-ķl†;v|u-|-v-vl࢙v;Ѵ;ˆ-7-v7;
;Ѵ;ˆ-7-;vѴ-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķѴo1†-Ѵ;v ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ
1omvbv|;m|; 1om Ѵov 7bˆ;uvov ;v|†7bov 7bvromb0Ѵ;vĺ34 Se- ";]িm;Ѵ;mvo-1bom-Ѵ7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm‹(bˆb;m7-ƑƏƐƏķ
]িmѴ-l;7b1bॕm]Ѵo0-ѴķѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-v;;m- ;ѴƐƖĺƕѷ7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v_-0झ-mvb7ol-7u;vķu;ru;-

33
-u;vbv|;m1b--Ѵ-0-f-7;Ѵ-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;_-vb7o;ˆb7;m1b-7--mbˆ;Ѵu;]bom-Ѵ;mr-झv;v;vr;1झC1ov7;rou7bˆ;uvov;v|†7bovr†0Ѵb1-7ov
rouѴ- ĺ
34
ou;f;lrѴoķ b;v-u;ŐƑƏƐƔőĸ!o7uझ]†;Œ(b]moѴbķ b;v-u;ķş࢙;ŒķŐƑƏƐƕőĺ

42 CAPÍTULO 1
EVOLUCIÓN Y TENDENCIAS

Gráfico 6
$" " ߈   &     " $ Ґ "!ƐķƏƏƏ& ! " 
ƐƔ҃ƐƖࠃ"ґķ! ƑƏƏƏ҃ƑƏƐƔķ!߈    "!!&ƑƏƐƔ

 †‹Ѵ|o IDH Alto IDH Medio  -fo

ƑƔƏĺƏ
Níger (0.353, 202.1)
Tasa Específica de Fecundidad Adolescente

Chad (0.393, 178.2)

ƑƏƏĺƏ Malí (0.442, 178.9)

Nicaragua (0.645, 92.8)


ƐƔƏĺƏ Guatemala (0.640, 78.6)

República Dominicana (0.722, 100.6)


ƐƏƏĺƏ
Panamá (0.788, 86.9)

ƔƏĺƏ

0
Əĺƒ ƏĺƓ ƏĺƔ Əĺѵ Əĺƕ ƏĺѶ ƏĺƖ 1

߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕmruorb--r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov-1bom;v&mb7-vķ ;r-u|-l;m|o7; ;v-uuoѴѴo 1omॕlb1o‹"o1b-Ѵķ bˆbvbॕm7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm


ŐƑƏƐƕő‹& ŐƑƏƐѵő

Gráfico 7
! $  & ! " ƐƔƐƖࠃ" & $  &ņ ņ
((ņ+ &  "$‫! ܬ‬, "!! !( , ! ࡛ 

25 Total
22.7 23.3
20.8 20.6 20.5
20 7oѴ;v1;m|;vt†;‹-
17.4 17.6 son madres
18.9
18.3
16.8 Adolescentes que
15 16.2 16.7
están embarazadas
13.9 13.4
10

5
4.1 4.3 4 4.3 4.3 3.7
3.5
0
ENDESA 1986 ENDESA 1991 ENDESA 1996 ENDESA 1999 ENDESA 2002 ENDESA 2007 ENDESA 2013

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm& "-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵuo]u-l-7; m1†;v|-v7; ;lo]u-ࣱ-‹"-Ѵ†7r†0Ѵb1-7ov;m


‰‰‰ĺv|-|1olrbѴ;uĺ1olĺ

CAPÍTULO 1 43
EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

v;m|-m7o;Ѵl-‹ourou1;m|-f;7;ĺ35";]িmѴ- Gráfico 8
m1†;v|- ;lo]u࢙C1-‹7;"-Ѵ†7Ő;m|uo7; v|†-
EL INGRESO NACIONAL BRUTO SUBVALORA
7bov ;lo]u࢙C1ov‹"o1b-Ѵ;vķƑƏƐƒőķ;Ѵrou1;m|-f;
LOGROS EN MÚLTIPLES DIMENSIONES DE
7;l†f;u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ;m|u;ƐƔ‹ƐƖ-ोovķt†; BIENESTAR EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA
_-0झ-m|;mb7o†m_bfoņ-m-1b7oņ-ˆbˆoņ-‹t†;;v|--
0-m;l0-u-Œ-7-vrourubl;u-ˆ;Œ-Ѵlol;m|o7;
Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ķ=†;7;ƑƏĺƔѷĺ Esperanza de vida Mortalidad Desnutrición
materna infantil

olo bm7b1-  " ƑƏƐƒķ ;Ѵ ƑĺƑѷ 7; Ѵ-v fॕ-


ˆ;m;v 7;ƐƔ-ोov_-vb7ol-7u;ķ‹;ѴѵĺƑѷ 1om Posiciones en Mortalidad
el parlemanto infantil
(mujeres)
Ɛѵ -ोovĺ "bm ;l0-u]oķ ;Ѵ rou1;m|-f; v; 7bvr-u- NINI Días de
maternidad Escolaridad
1omvb7;u-0Ѵ;l;m|;-ѴCm-Ѵ7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-Ĺ ;Ѵ Tasa de promedio
Pensiones homicidios
Empleo
ƑƓĺѵѷ7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v7;ƐѶ-ोov‹-_-0झ-mvb7o vulnerable Desempleo Deserción
en jóvenes escolar
Razón de alumnos y primaria
l-7u;vķ ‹ - Ѵov ƐƖ -ोov †m ƒƐĺƖѷĺ v|o r†;7; Fuerza laboral con Embarazo maestros en primaria
educación terciaria adolescente
;v|-u u;Ѵ-1bom-7o 1om ;Ѵ _;1_o 7; t†;ķ - l-‹ou Matriculación bruta
Participación laboral Desigualdad en secundaria
de las mujeres de ingresos
;7-7ķ l-‹ou r;uझo7o 7; ;Šrovb1bॕm ;m |࣐ulbmov
Energía
7;;l0-u-Œoĺ Participación Agua renovable
laboral mejorada

Saneamiento
mejorado
o]uov m-1bom-Ѵ;v or-1-7ov rou Ѵ- |-v- 7;
;l0-u-Œov;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
Erosión de la
tierra Agotamiento de los
Electrificación recursos naturales
 r;v-u 7; Ѵo]uov vo1b-Ѵ;v‹ ;1omॕlb1ov blrou- rural Emisiones
de C02
|-m|;v - mbˆ;Ѵ m-1bom-Ѵķ Ѵ-v |-v-v 7; ;l0-u-Œo
-7oѴ;v1;m|; moˆ-uझ-m l†1_o ;m Ѵov িѴঞlov ƐƔ †;m|;Ĺm=oul;!;]bom-Ѵ7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moƑƏƐѵĺ

-ोovŋ;m|o7o1-voķl;mov7;Ѵot†;v;;vr;u--
uझ-vbv;1olr-u-1omѴov-ˆ-m1;v;ml-|;ub-7;
1u;1blb;m|o;1omॕlb1oķ†u0-mbŒ-1bॕmķl;fou-v;m
Ѵ-;vr;u-mŒ-7;ˆb7-ķ‹;mѴ-l-|ub1†Ѵ-1bॕm;v1oѴ-uĺ m-1bom-Ѵ0u†|ov†0ˆ-Ѵou-Ѵo]uov;mlিѴঞrѴ;v7bl;mvbom;v
; _;1_oķ ;Ѵ m=oul; !;]bom-Ѵ vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo 7; 0b;m;v|-uĺ m ;Ѵ 1-vo 7; !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ - r;-
†l-moƑƏƐѵu;-ѴbŒॕ†m;f;u1b1bor-u--m-ѴbŒ-u;Ѵ v-u7;v†v-ˆ-m1;v;m|࣐ulbmov7;1u;1blb;m|o;1omॕlb1oķ
1olrou|-lb;m|o 7; -Ѵ]†m-v ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v vo1bo;1o- ;Šbv|;m bm7b1-7ou;v 1om †m 7;v;lr;ोo rou 7;0-fo 7; Ѵo
mॕlb1-v;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;bm]u;vo7;Ѵov ;vr;u-7oķ;m|u;Ѵovt†;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ঞ;m;†mo
r-झv;v7;Ѵ-u;]bॕmĺ";]িm;Ѵ]u࢙C1oѶķ;Ѵbm]u;vo 7;Ѵovr;ou;vu;m7blb;m|ovĺ

35
v|;7-|oruoˆb;m;7;Ѵ;v|†7boľ-u;ruo7†11bॕm;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹v†v7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-Ŀ7;Ѵ- ‹;Ѵ om7o7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v
&mb7-vķ-ोoƑƏƐƏĺ

44 CAPÍTULO 1
EVOLUCIÓN Y TENDENCIAS

=;1ঞˆ-l;m|;ķѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mou;]bv|u-- la disimilitud analizada entre las tasas de embarazo ado-


7ovrou;Ѵr-झvŋ-r-uঞu7;Ѵ-l;7b1bॕm]Ѵo0-Ѵŋ;v|࢙mbl- Ѵ;v1;m|;‹;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;Ѵ-vruoˆbm1b-v
r†Ѵv-7ovl-‹oul;m|;rouѴ-7bl;mvbॕm7;bm]u;voķt†; desaparece, y se puede percibir un comportamiento más
u;]bv|u-1b=u-vl࢙v1;u1-m-v-Ѵ-vu;]bv|u-7-vrour-झv;v consistente y acorde con la literatura y dinámicas propias
1om†mmbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-Ѵ|oķv;]†b7orouv-- 7;Ѵ-vvb|†-1bom;v7;ro0u;Œ-ĺ m;=;1|oķ-†mt†;o1†uu;
Ѵ†7‹Ѵ†;]o;7†1-1bॕmĺ36 ;m1om|;Š|ovvo1boŊ;1omॕlb1ovl;7bov‹-Ѵ|ovķѴ-ru;ˆ--
Ѵ;m1b-7;;v|-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-;vl†1_ol;mouĺ
;_;1_oķ1†-m7o;Ѵ v;-f†v|-rou7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7ķ;v
7;1buķ1†-m7ov;;Š-lbm-1ॕlov;7bv|ub0†‹;mѴovѴo]uov Ѵ1ouu;Ѵ-1bom-u;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v40
;mbm]u;voķ;7†1-1bॕm‹v-Ѵ†7-mbˆ;Ѵ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmķ;Ѵ 1om;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;_o]-u;vro0u;vrouruoˆbm1b-‹rou
r-झvrb;u7;ƑƐĺƕѷ37 de su desarrollo humano, mostran- mbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķv;r†;7;o0v;uˆ-u†m-u;Ѵ--
7oblrou|-m|;vmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7ĺ vru;1bv-l;m|; 1bॕmrovbঞˆ-;m;Ѵrubl;u1-voķ‹†m-m;]-ঞˆ-;m;Ѵv;-
;v- 7bv|ub0†1bॕm 7;vb]†-Ѵ 7;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo t†; v; ]†m7oĺ v7;1buķ-l-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ7;ro0u;Œ-;mѴov_o]-u;vķ
1-r|†u- - |u-ˆ࣐v 7;Ѵ ߈m7b1; 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo uo- l-‹ourou1;m|-f;7;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mѴ-vruo-
38
ˆbm1b-Ѵ ‹t†;mov-1;u1-l࢙v-Ѵ-vu;-Ѵb7-7;v1olrѴ;f-v ˆbm1b-v7;Ѵr-झvķlb;m|u-vt†;ķ-l-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo
-Ѵobm|;umo7;Ѵov|;uub|oubov7olbmb1-mov7om7;;Šbv|;m _†l-moķl;mourou1;m|-f;7;l-|;umb7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ41
-Ѵ|-v|-v-v7;;l0-u-Œov;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ
mbˆ;Ѵv†0Ŋm-1bom-ѴķѴ-vruoˆbm1b-v;7;um-Ѵ;vķ Ѵझ-vbो-ķ
-ou†1oķŒ†- ; m7;r;m7;m1b- o1†r-m Ѵov rubl;uov Ɣ
olrou|-lb;m|ov†0Ŋm-1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oŊ
Ѵ†]-u;v 7; f;u-ut†झ-ķ 7om7;ķ ;m ruol;7boķ Ɛ 7; 1-7- Ɠ
Ѵ;v1;m|;ķ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo‹ro0u;Œ-
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;m ;v|-v ruoˆbm1b-v _-0झ-m vb7o l-7u;vĺ42
Ѵ-1࢙rb|;-m|;ubou;ŠrѴb1-;Ѵ1olrou|-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-v7bv- vblbvloķv;o0v;uˆ-t†;;7;um-Ѵ;v;vѴ-ruoˆbm1b-1om
ঞm|-v|-v-v7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ†ঞѴbŒ-m7o7-|ov ;Ѵ l;mou mbˆ;Ѵ 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo ;m ;Ѵ r-झv ‹ 1om
]Ѵo0-Ѵ;vĺ39 No obstante, al indagar sobre la realidad na- l-‹ou bm1b7;m1b- 7; l-7u;v ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- Ő;mvoķ
1bom-Ѵķ‹-m-ѴbŒ-m7oѴov7-|ov7;Ѵ rķv;-7ˆb;u|;t†; ƑƏƐƏőĺ

36
m=oul;†m7b-Ѵvo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moƑƏƐѵĹ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mor-u-|o7ovĺ(;u$-0Ѵ-Ɛķ7bvromb0Ѵ;;mĹ_‚rĹņņ‰‰‰ĺ†m7rĺou]ņ1om|;m|ņ†m7rņ;vņ_ol;ņ
Ѵb0u-u‹r-];ņ_7uņƑƏƐѵŊ_†l-mŊ7;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|Ŋu;rou|ĺ_|lѴ
37
m=oul; †m7b-Ѵ vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo ƑƏƐѵĹ ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo r-u- |o7ovĺ(;u r࢙]bm- oĺƑƒķ 7bvromb0Ѵ; ;mĹ _‚rĹņņ‰‰‰ĺ†m7rĺou]ņ1om|;m|ņ†m7rņ;vņ
_ol;ņѴb0u-u‹r-];ņ_7uņƑƏƐѵŊ_†l-mŊ7;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|Ŋu;rou|ĺ_|lѴ
38
-u-1omv|u†bu;Ѵ߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mouoˆbm1b-ѴŐ rő;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ-r-uঞu7;Ѵm=oul;†m7b-Ѵvo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moƑƏƐƓķv;
bm|uo7†f;uomlo7bC1-1bom;v-Ѵovbm7b1-7ou;v‹Ѵovu;=;u;m|;vbm|;um-1bom-Ѵ;vĺ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;ѴŐ rőv;_bŒo;m0-v;-;v-l;|o7oѴo]झ-ķr;uo-7;1†࢙m7oѴ--
Ѵ-v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v‹7bvromb0bѴb7-77;bm=oul-1bॕm7;Ѵovvbv|;l-v‹u;]bv|uov-7lbmbv|u-ঞˆovm-1bom-Ѵ;vĺolou;v†Ѵ|-7ov;v†vঞ|†‹;uomѴovbm7b1-7ou;vt†;v;
†ঞѴbŒ-mr-u-;ˆ-Ѵ†-uѴ-v7b=;u;m|;v7bl;mvbom;v‹v;-f†v|-uomѴovu;=;u;m|;vbm|;um-1bom-Ѵ;v7;-1†;u7o-;v-vbm=oul-1bom;vĺ-u-l࢙vbm=oul-1bॕmˆ;uĹ_‚rĹņņ
‰‰‰ĺ7oĺ†m7rĺou]ņ1om|;m|ņ7olbmb1-mōu;r†0Ѵb1ņ;vņ_ol;ņo†u‰ouhņ_†l-m7;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|ņv†11;vvv|oub;vņl-r-Ŋbm|;u-1ঞˆoŊ7;Ŋ7;v-uuoѴѴoŊ_†l-moŊ7;Ŋu7ĺ_|lѴ
39
m=oul;v†m7b-Ѵ;vvo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo7;Ѵ& ĺ bvromb0Ѵ;vĹ_‚rĹņņ‰‰‰ĺ†m7rĺou]ņ1om|;m|ņ†m7rņ;vņ_ol;ņѴb0u-u‹r-];ņ_7uĺ_|lѴ
40
-u-;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbvruoˆbm1b-Ѵv;|olॕ;Ѵbm7b1-7ou7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v1omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ|o|-Ѵ7;l†f;u;v7;ƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोov;mˆ;v7;Ѵbm7b1-7ou7;=;1†m7b7-7-7o-
Ѵ;v1;m|;†ঞѴbŒ-7or-u-Ѵ-1olr-u-1bॕmu;]bom-Ѵ;bm|;um-1bom-Ѵĺ v|ov;7;0;-t†;Ѵov7-|ov7bvromb0Ѵ;v-mbˆ;Ѵruoˆbm1b-Ѵঞ;m;mmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;v†0Ŋu;]bv|uol-‹ou;v
;mѴ-vŒom-v7om7;v;1om1;m|uॕѴ-l†;v|u-7;Ѵ;v|†7boĺ
41
Ѵ1o;C1b;m|;7;1ouu;Ѵ-1bॕmu;v†Ѵ|ॕv;u;v|-7झvঞ1-l;m|;vb]mbC1-ঞˆo-†mmbˆ;Ѵ7;1omC-mŒ-7;ѴƖƔѷĺ
42
;mvo-1bom-Ѵ7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm‹(bˆb;m7-ķ-ोoƑƏƐƏķC1bm--1bom-Ѵ7; v|-7झvঞ1-vĺ

CAPÍTULO 1 45
EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

Gráfico 9
RELACIÓN ENTRE MADRES ADOLESCENTES Y PORCENTAJE DE HOGARES POBRES EN
LA REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA
ƒƏĺƏѷ BARAHONA BAORUCO
AZUA
ELÍAS PIÑA
ou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v

ƑƔĺƏѷ DUARTE

ƑƏĺƏѷ
DAJABÓN

ƐƔĺƏѷ DISTRITO ESPAILLAT


NACIONAL

ƐƏĺƏѷ

ƔĺƏѷ

ƏĺƏѷ
ƏĺƏƏƏ ƐƏĺƏƏƏ ƑƏĺƏƏƏ ƒƏĺƏƏƏ ƓƏĺƏƏƏ ƔƏĺƏƏƏ ѵƏĺƏƏƏ ƕƏĺƏƏƏ ѶƏĺƏƏƏ ƖƏĺƏƏƏ

ou1;m|-f;7;_o]-u;vro0u;v

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ)ouѴ7or†Ѵ-ঞomuovr;1|vĹ$_;ƑƏƐƕ!;ˆbvbomķ-1bom;v&mb7-vķ‹& 


ŐƑƏƐѵő

Gráfico 10
! ࠎ $!  ! $   ! "  " $ "+ ߈   
DESARROLLO HUMANO
BAORUCO AZUA
ƒƏĺƏѷ
BARAHONA
ou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v

ƑƔĺƏѷ
DUARTE
ELÍAS PIÑA
DAJABÓN
ƑƏĺƏѷ
ESPAILLAT

ƐƔĺƏѷ DISTRITO
NACIONAL
ƐƏĺƏѷ

ƔĺƏѷ

ƏĺƏѷ
0 ƏĺƐ ƏĺƑ Əĺƒ ƏĺƓ ƏĺƔ Əĺѵ Əĺƕ ƏĺѶ

߈m7b1;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mo

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ)ouѴ7or†Ѵ-ঞomuovr;1|vĹ$_;ƑƏƐƕ!;ˆbvbomķ-1bom;v&mb7-vķ‹& 


ŐƑƏƐѵő

46 CAPÍTULO 1
EVOLUCIÓN Y TENDENCIAS

Mapa 2
! $   ! "  " $ "ҐƐƔ҃ƐƖࠃ"ґ!!(" 
REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA, AÑO 2010

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;7-|ov7;Ѵ*;mvo7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm‹


(bˆb;m7-ƑƏƐƏķ†ঞѴbŒ-m7o;Ѵvo[‰-u;Ѵb0u; "ĺ

Tabla 3
!(" +!+ !(  $ !  ķ
+! $   ! "  " $ "ҐƐƔƐƖࠃ"ґ ƑƏƐƏ
uoˆbm1b- ou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
;7;um-Ѵ;v ƑƕĺƐѷ
Ѵझ-vbो- ƑѵĺѶѷ
-ou†1o Ƒѵĺƕѷ
Œ†- Ƒѵĺѵѷ
Independencia ƑѵĺƓѷ
†;u|oѴ-|- ƐƖĺƒѷ
"-mঞ-]o ƐѶĺƖѷ
Espaillat ƐѶĺƓѷ
"-m|o olbm]o ƐѶĺƐѷ
"-m;7uo7;-1ouझv Ɛƕĺƕѷ

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;7-|ov7;Ѵ*;mvo7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm‹(bˆb;m7-ƑƏƐƏķ†ঞѴbŒ-m7o;Ѵ


vo[‰-u;Ѵb0u; "ĺ

CAPÍTULO 1 47
EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

Mapa 3
! $   ! "  " $ "ҐƐƔ҃ƐƖࠃ"ґ!&" 
REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA, AÑO 2010

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;7-|ov7;Ѵ*;mvo7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm‹


(bˆb;m7-ƑƏƐƏķ†ঞѴbŒ-m7o;Ѵvo[‰-u;Ѵb0u; "ĺ

Tabla 4
&" +!(  $ !    " $ ķ
+! $   ! "  " $ "ҐƐƔƐƖࠃ"ґ ƑƏƐƏ
uoˆbm1b- †mb1brbo7;u;vb7;m1b- ou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
Œ†- Estebanía ƒѶĺƑѵ
;7;um-Ѵ;v ˆb;7o ƒѵĺѵƓ
Independencia ubv|ॕ0-Ѵ ƒƓĺƔƐ
-ou†1o Los Ríos ƒƓĺƒƓ
Œ†- †;0Ѵo(b;fo ƒƒĺƔѵ
Ѵझ-vbो- om7o(-ѴѴ; ƒƒĺƓƏ
Independencia La descubierta ƒƒĺƏѶ
Independencia ov|u;u!झo ƒƑĺƒƔ
Œ†- -v+-‹-v7;(b-f-l- ƒƑĺƒƐ
-u-_om- oѴo ƒƑĺƐѶ
Ѵझ-vbो- ;7uo"-m|-m- ƒƐĺƖƕ
-u-_om- Enriquillo ƒƐĺѵƖ
Samaná -v$;uu;m-v ƒƏĺƖƒ
-u-_om- -b࣐m-]- ƒƏĺѵƒ
Œ†- -v_-u1-v ƒƏĺƏƕ
†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;7-|ov7;Ѵ*;mvo7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm‹(bˆb;m7-ƑƏƐƏķ†ঞѴbŒ-m7o;Ѵ
vo[‰-u;Ѵb0u; "ĺ

48 CAPÍTULO 1
EVOLUCIÓN Y TENDENCIAS

v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovbm7b1-mt†;;Šbv|;†m-u;Ѵ-1bॕm;m|u;;Ѵ Por otra parte, los factores subyacentes generalmente


 r‹;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ vrou|-m|om;1;v-ubo v;7bˆb7;m;m|u;v;f;vrubm1br-Ѵ;vĹ=-1|ou;vvo1bo1†Ѵ|†-
;ŠrѴou-u-l-‹ouruo=†m7b7-7Ѵovˆझm1†Ѵov;Šbv|;m|;v;m- u-Ѵ;vķ =-lbѴb-u;v ; bm7bˆb7†-Ѵ;vķ ‹ķ ;m 1omf†m|o 1om Ѵov
|u;;Ѵ;l;m|ovt†;bm|;]u-m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo‹Ѵ-ro- 7;|;ulbm-m|;v vo1bo;1omॕlb1ovķ vom Ѵov t†; 7;Cm;m
breza, con una mirada más profunda en las dimensiones Ѵovmbˆ;Ѵ;v‹r-u࢙l;|uov7;Ѵov7;|;ulbm-m|;vruॕŠblovĺ
vo1b-Ѵ;vķ;1omॕlb1-vķ7;1omv|u†11bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v‹ m|u;Ѵovrubl;uov|u;v]u†rovv;;m1†;m|u-mѴovˆ-Ѵou;v
-†|omolझ-ķr-u-;ŠrѴb1-u1ॕlobm|;u-1|ি-m;v|ov-vr;1- ‹r-†|-v1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;vķѴ-v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵovl;7bov7;
|ov‹Ѵ-l-m;u-;mt†;†mobm1b7;;m;Ѵo|uoķ1om;Ѵo0f;- 1ol†mb1-1bॕmķѴ-v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵ-f;=-|†u-7;_o]-uķ
ঞˆo7;1om|-u1ombm=oul-1bom;vr-u-Ѵ-b7;mঞC1-1bॕm‹ Ѵ- |u-mvlbvbॕm bm|;u];m;u-1bom-Ѵ 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v-
=oul†Ѵ-1bॕm7;-11bom;v-lrѴb-vŐ;mѴov7bvঞm|ov࢙l0b|ov 1;m|;7;Ѵ-l-7u;ķ‹;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆoķ;Ѵ1omo1blb;m|o
rি0Ѵb1ov‹rubˆ-7ovőķr-u-Ѵ-l;fou-7;Ѵ-1-Ѵb7-77;ˆb7- 7; l࣐|o7ov‹7; =†;m|;v 7; -mঞ1om1;rঞˆov7; Ѵ-fo-
7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vt†;v;ˆ;m-=;1|-7-vrou;Ѵ;ˆ;m|oĺ ˆ;mķ;m|u;o|uovŐ7b;v-u;ş!o7uझ]†;Œ(b]moѴbķƑƏƏѵőĺ
m u;Ѵ-1bॕm - Ѵov 7;|;ulbm-m|;v vo1bo;1omॕlb1ovķ v;
;m1†;m|u-mĹѴ†]-u;m7om7;ˆbˆ;mՌom-†u0-m-ou†u-Ѵőķ
(-ub-0Ѵ;v-vo1b-7-v-Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;mŊ
Ѵovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;ro0u;Œ-ķ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo‹;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵvo1bo;1o-
cia no explican el fenómeno de manera indepenŊ
mॕlb1o7;v†v_o]-u;vĺ$o7ov;v|ov;Ѵ;l;m|ov1om7b-
diente
cionan el comportamiento de las personas en cuanto a
-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7v;u;Ѵ-1bom-1om7bvঞm|-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v Ѵ-vˆ-Ѵou-1bom;vvo0u;Ѵ-v;Š†-Ѵb7-7ķ;Ѵ†vo‹ņo-11;vo-
vo1boŊ;1omॕlb1-vķ 7;lo]u࢙C1-vķ 1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;v ;m|u; o|u-vķ -mঞ1om1;rঞˆovķ;bm1b7;m;mѴ-|ol-7;7;1bvbom;v‹;m
r;uot†;1-7-†m-ķrouvझvoѴ-ķmoѴ-;ŠrѴb1-|o|-Ѵl;m|;ĺ ;Ѵ-11;vo-bm=oul-1bॕmķv;uˆb1bov‹u;1†uvovŐ!o7uझ]†;Œķ
ou;f;lrѴoķѴ-ro0u;Œ-ķѴ-Œom-7;u;vb7;m1b-Նu0-moņ ࢙;Œķ&ѴѴo-ķşoŠķƑƏƐƕőĺ
u†u-Ѵőķ;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;;7†1-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vņѴovfॕˆ;m;v7;l-m;-
ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;bmˆ;vঞ]-1bom;v;vr;1झC1-vt†;;m=o-
u-bm7;r;m7b;m|;mou;Y;f-mѴ-vlিѴঞrѴ;v7bm࢙lb1-vt†;
1-m;Ѵ|;l-‹Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ;mvo-1bom-Ѵ7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm
1omY†‹;m;m;Ѵruo0Ѵ;l-ĺ
_-m1om|ub0†b7o-];m;u-uѴ-v;ˆb7;m1b-v7;;v|ov7;|;u-
;_;1_oķv;]িm;v|†7bov;vr;1b-ѴbŒ-7ovvo0u;;l0-u-Œo lbm-m|;vo1-†v-v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo|;lru-mo-mbˆ;Ѵm-1bo-
-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹v†v1-†v-vķ;Šbv|;m7ovঞrov7;7;|;ulb- m-Ѵĺ"o0u;Ѵov7;|;ulbm-m|;vruॕŠblovķv;;vঞl-t†;Ɣ
m-m|;vt†;1om7b1bom-mѴ-o1†uu;m1b-7;;v|-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙- 7;1-7-ƐƏ-7oѴ;v1;m|;v-Ѵv;ul-7u;v;v|-0-m1-v-7-v
ঞ1-ĹŐbő7;|;ulbm-m|;vruॕŠblovoˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vbm|;ul;7b-v‹ o †mb7-vķ lb;m|u-v t†; Ѵ-v †mbom;v voѴo u;ru;v;m|-m ;Ѵ
ŐbbőѴov=-1|ou;vv†0‹-1;m|;vŐ b;v-u;ş!o7uझ]†;Œ(b]- ƑƏѷ;m|u;|o7-vѴ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐC1bm--1bom-Ѵ7;
moѴbķƑƏƏѵőĺ v|-7झvঞ1-vķƑƏƐƏőĺ m-7b1bॕmķv;_-7;lov|u-7ot†;Ѵ-v
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m|u;ƐƔ-ƐƖ-ोov1-v-7-vo†mb7-v=†;uom
ov7;|;ulbm-m|;vruॕŠblovvomѴov=-1|ou;v0boѴॕ]b1ov‹
Ɠƕˆ;1;vl࢙vruor;mv-v-_-0;u;v|-7o-Ѵ]†m-ˆ;Œ;l-
7;1om7†1|-t†;bmY†‹;m7bu;1|-l;m|;;mѴ-=;1†m7b7-7ķ
0-u-Œ-7-Ő;u;ŒŊ$_;mķƑƏƐƔőĺ43 v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovu;Y;f-m
rou ;f;lrѴo ;Ѵ ;v|-7o 1om‹†]-Ѵķ Ѵ- ;7-7 7; Ѵ- rubl;u-
†m-=†;u|;1ouu;Ѵ-1bॕm;m|u;l-|;umb7-7‹†mbom;v|;l-
u;Ѵ-1bॕm v;Š†-Ѵķ ;Ѵ †vo 7; -mঞ1om1;rঞˆovķ ;m|u; o|uov
ru-m-vķt†;-Ѵlbvloঞ;lroru;7bvrom;-Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m
Őom]--u|vķƐƖƕѶőĺ

CAPÍTULO 1 49
EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķѴot†;_-vb7o7;lov|u-7o;m7bˆ;uvov mo†mb7-vőŐ;m|uo7; v|†7bov ;lo]u࢙C1ov‹"o1b-Ѵ;vķ


;v|†7bovŐ om7o7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vr-u-Ѵ-m=-m1b-ķ ƑƏƐƒőĺomv;1†;m|;l;m|;ķv;_-;vঞl-7ot†;;Ѵmo†ঞ-
ƑƏƐƓőķŐ ķƑƏƐƕőĺ ѴbŒ-umbm]িml࣐|o7o-mঞ1om1;rঞˆoķ-†l;m|-;mƐƐĺƔѷ
Ѵ-vruo0-0bѴb7-7;v7;v;ul-7u;;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-Ő झ-Œ
-7-ˆ;Œ ;v l࢙v |;lru-m- Ѵ- ;7-7 7; Ѵ- bmb1b-1bॕm v;-
şѴbˆoķƑƏƐƐőĺ vblrou|-m|;u;v-Ѵ|-ut†;Ѵ-m;1;vb7-7
Š†-Ѵĺ v|†7bovu;1b;m|;v;m;Ѵr-झvŐ ķƑƏƐƕőv;ो-Ѵ-m
bmv-ঞv=;1_- 7; l࣐|o7ov -mঞ1om1;rঞˆov ;m|u; -7oѴ;v-
t†;;ѴƓƒĺѵѷ7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v_-0झ-bmb1b-7ou;Ѵ-1bo-
1;m|;v;v7;Ƒƕѷķ1-vb|ubrѴb1-m7o;Ѵrou1;m|-f;;ml†f;-
m;vv;Š†-Ѵ;v;mƑƏƐƒķ;m1olr-u-1bॕm1om;ѴƑƓĺƑѷ;m
u;vmo-7oѴ;v1;m|;v7;ƐƐѷŐ  "ƑƏƐƒőĺ
ƐƖѶѵĺ m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵov_ol0u;vķѴov7-|ov7;Ѵ-  "
ŐƑƏƏƕő-uuof-mt†;;Ѵѵƕѷ7;Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹-_-0झ-m & ŐƑƏƐƒőruo=†m7bŒ-;mѴ-1-u-1|;ubŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v0u;-
|;mb7ou;Ѵ-1bom;vv;Š†-Ѵ;v-ѴovƐѶ-ोov44ķ1omro1-vˆ-- 1_-v;m|u;;Ѵ1omo1blb;m|o‹;Ѵ†vo7;Ѵov-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovķ
ub-1bom;vr-u-;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐƒķ1†-m7ov;u;]bv|uॕ†mѵƖĺѶѷ ‹t†;࣐v|-vv;u;Ѵ-1bom-m1om|;l-vbmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ;v‹7;
Ő;m|uo7; v|†7bov ;lo]u࢙C1ov‹"o1b-Ѵ;vķƑƏƐƒőĺ!;- Ѵ- 1-Ѵb7-7 7; Ѵ- o=;u|-ĸ |-Ѵ;v 1olo _ou-ubov 7; v;uˆb1bovķ
v-Ѵ|-;Ѵ_;1_o7;t†;ѴovņѴ-vfॕˆ;m;vt†;bmb1b-mv†-1- r;uvom-Ѵmo1-r-1b|-7oķѴblb|-7-o=;u|-7;1omv;f;uझ-‹0-f-
ঞˆb7-7v;Š†-Ѵl࢙v|;lru-mo_-0b|-m;mŒom-vu†u-Ѵ;v‹ 7bv|ub0†1bॕm7;-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovķo-vr;1|ovvo1boŊ1†Ѵ|†u--
ru;v;m|-ml;mou;vmbˆ;Ѵ;v;7†1-ঞˆovĺ Ѵ;vķ1oloѴ-orovb1bॕm7;Ѵ-r-u;f--†v-u-mঞ1om1;rঞˆov
o ˆ;u]†;mŒ-ķ ;m|u; o|uovĺ ; b]†-Ѵ lo7oķ 1om -vr;1|ov
mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ†vo7;-mঞ1om1;rঞˆov1olo7;|;ulbm-m|;
vo1boŊ1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;v 1olo Ѵ- orovb1bॕm 7; Ѵ- r-u;f- rou †v-u
ruॕŠblo45ķvoѴoƓƏĺƔѷ7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m|u;ƐƔŊƐƖ
-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovķˆ;u]ু;mŒ-ķ;m|u;o|uovőĺou;f;lrѴoķv;
-ोov†ঞѴbŒॕ;Ѵ1om7ॕm;mѴ-rubl;u-u;Ѵ-1bॕmv;Š†-ѴŐ -
_-rѴ-m|;-7ot†;;Ѵuo]u-l-7; 7†1-1bॕm=;1ঞˆoŊ";-
!ƑƏƐƓőĺ]†-Ѵl;m|;ķrou;Ѵঞro7;u;Ѵ-1bॕm1om
Š†-Ѵblr-uঞ7o;mѴ-v;v1†;Ѵ-vrি0Ѵb1-vvoѴo;v|࢙ѴѴ;]-m7o-
Ѵ- r-u;f- v; ˆ;ubC1-m rou1;m|-f;v 7; †vo 7; -Ѵ]িm ঞro
ƒƑѷ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;v|†7b-mঞѴŐ ! ƑƏƐƔőĺ
7; -mঞ1om1;rঞˆo lo7;umo46 de algo más de la mitad
7;;v|-vr-u;f-vķ‹-v;-;m1-u࢙1|;u7;1-v-7-vo†mb7-v Por otra parte, cuando se analizan los factores subyacen-
ŐƔƐĺƕѷőor-u;f-vvbm†mbॕm=oul-Ѵķr;uo-1ঞˆ-vv;Š†-Ѵ- tes de las embarazadas en la adolescencia, como la zona
l;m|;ŐƔѵĺƕѷőĺ-u--l0ov]u†rovķ;Ѵl࣐|o7ol࢙v†ঞѴb- 7;u;vb7;m1b-ķ;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵvo1bo;1omॕlb1o‹;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ;7†1--
Œ-7orouѴ-vl†f;u;v;vѴ-rझѴ7ou-ŐƒƏĺƕѷ‹ƑƐѷķu;vr;1- ঞˆov;u;]bv|u-†m-l-‹oubm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ=;mॕl;mo7;Ѵ
ঞˆ-l;m|;őķv;]†b7orouѴ-vbm‹;11bom;vŐƐƒĺƓѷvoѴor-u- ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mfॕˆ;m;vt†;ˆbˆ;m;mŒom-vu†-
Ѵ-vl†f;u;v1-v-7-vņ†mb7-vőķ‹rou;Ѵ1om7ॕml-v1†Ѵbmo u-Ѵ;vŐ ķƑƏƏѶőĺ ;_;1_oķѴ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m;v|-v
ŐƑƑĺƒѷvoѴor-u-Ѵ-vt†;;v|࢙mv;Š†-Ѵl;m|;-1ঞˆ-vķr;uo Œom-vঞ;m;m†m-ruo0-0bѴb7-7ƐĺƓƔl-‹ou7;v;ul-7u;v

43
Ѵ;v|†7bo7;& Ŋ-m1o†m7b-Ѵvo0u;†mbom;v|;lru-m-v|-l0b࣐mbm7b1-t†;Ѵ-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵovm-1blb;m|ov7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m;Ѵr-झvo1†uu;7;m|uo7;Ѵ
l-|ublombooѴ-†mbॕm|;lru-m-ĺ
44
$ ŐƑƏƐƒőľov|ov7;Ѵ l0-u-Œo‹Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ŀĺ
45
"bm;l0-u]oķr-u-t†;Ѵ-†ঞѴbŒ-1bॕm7;l࣐|o7ovv;-†m;Ѵ;l;m|ot†;ru;ˆ;m]-;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m;v|-;7-7ķѴ-vņѴovfॕˆ;m;v7;0;m†ঞѴbŒ-uѴov-m|;v7;Ѵrubl;u
;l0-u-Œoĺ
46
mঞ1om1;rঞˆovlo7;umov_-1;mu;=;u;m1b--Ѵ-;v|;ubѴbŒ-1bॕm=;l;mbm-ķ;v|;ubѴbŒ-1bॕml-v1†Ѵbm-ķrझѴ7ou-ķ &ķbm‹;11bom;vķ1om7ॕml-v1†Ѵbmoķ-l;mouu;-rou
Ѵ-1|-m1b-ķ;m|u;o|uovĺov|u-7b1bom-Ѵ;vķv;u;C;u;m-Ѵl࣐|o7o7;ub|loķu;ঞuoķ;m|u;o|uovĺ

50 CAPÍTULO 1
EVOLUCIÓN Y TENDENCIAS

Gráfico 11
! $   ! "  " $ "!, ! " ķ" ࡛ & $

ƑƔĺƏ 22.8 23.5


20.4 21.0
18.4 19.7 19.0
ƑƏĺƏ 18.9
17.1 16.2 16.7 17.1
15.3 15.5
14.5
ƐƔĺƏ

ƐƏĺƏ

5.7 5.9 5.1 5.7


ƔĺƏ
3.5

ƏĺƏ
ENDESA 2002 ENDESA 2007 CENSO 2010 ENDESA 2013 ENHOGAR
2014
Urbana Rural Total Diferencia

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ-v m1†;v|-v ;lo]u࢙C1-v‹7;"-Ѵ†7Ő  "őƑƏƏƑķƑƏƏƕ‹ƑƏƐƒķ7;Ѵ;mvo


-1bom-Ѵ7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm‹(bˆb;m7-ƑƏƐƏ‹7;Ѵ- m1†;m|--1bom-Ѵ7;o]-u;v7;uorॕvb|ovিѴঞrѴ;vƑƏƐƓ !Ŋ"ĺ

t†; Ѵ-v t†; _-0b|-m ;m Ѵ-v Œom-v †u0-m-v Ő࣐u;Œ$_;mķ Œ-7ov-mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-Ѵ_-m7;lov|u-7ot†;Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm
bub1ķş(-u]-vķƑƏƐƑőĺ bm1b7; 7bu;1|-l;m|; ;m ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|;Ĺ †m-
l-‹ou;7†1-1bॕmѴѴ;ˆ--l;mouruo0-0bѴb7-77;t†;7-u
Ѵ mbˆ;Ѵ 7; ;v1oѴ-ub7-7 7; Ѵ-v fॕˆ;m;v bm1b7; ;m Ѵ- 7bv-
;l0-u-Œ-7-;m;v|-;|-r-Ő;u;Œ$_;mķƑƏƐƔőŐ झ-Œş
lbm†1bॕm7;Ѵ-=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ-vl†f;u;v1om
ѴbˆoķƑƏƐƐőŐ ķƑƏƐƔőŐ ķƑƏƏѶőĺ7;l࢙vķ7bˆ;u-
mbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆol࢙v-Ѵ|oঞ;m7;m-u;]†Ѵ-ul࢙vv†=;1†m-
vov;v|†7bov1obm1b7;m;mt†;†ml-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞ-
7b7-7Ő b;v-u;ş!o7uझ]†;Œ(b]moѴbķm࢙Ѵbvbvlb1uo7;
ˆo‹†m-l-‹ou-1†l†Ѵ-1bॕm7;1-rb|-Ѵ_†l-moķ-‹†7-
los determinantes de la fecundidad adolescente en Brasil
- rov|;u]-u ;Ѵ lol;m|o 7;Ѵ rubl;u ;l0-u-Œo Ő 
‹oѴol0b-ķƑƏƏѵőĺ$-l0b࣐mv;_-rѴ-m|;-7ot†;;m|u;
Ѵ-vˆझ-v;mt†;Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmr†;7;bm1b7bu;m;v|;=;mॕ- ş & ķ ƑƏƏѵő Ő b ;v-u;ķ ƑƏƏƕőķ Ѵo t†; blrѴb1-uझ-

l;mo;v|࢙mĹľ;Ѵ1omo1blb;m|oķ;Ѵ;lro7;u-lb;m|oķѴ-u;- l;fou;v 1om7b1bom;v r-u- -11;7;u - orou|†mb7-7;v Ѵ--

Y;Šbˆb7-7ķѴ-rov|;u]-1bॕm7;Ѵ-]u-ঞC1-1bॕmķѴovlo7;Ѵov borales y, como consecuencia, posibilidades de salir de


7;uoѴ;vķѴ-vorou|†mb7-7;vķѴovruo‹;1|ov7;ˆb7-ķ;m|u; Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ķrou1om7†1|o7;Ѵ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;1-r-1b-
o|uovĺĿŐ!o7uझ]†;ŒķƑƏƐƒőĺ 7-7;v7;;Ѵ;11bॕmķ1omv1b;m|;v;bm=oul-7-vĺ

m;=;1|oķѴ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v1omvঞ|†‹;†m ";]িm7-|ov7; !ƑƏƐƓķ;Ѵƒƒĺƒѷ7;Ѵ-v-7o-


=-1|ou 7; ruo|;11bॕmķ ];m;u-m7o Ѵov 1blb;m|ov r-u- ;Ѵ Ѵ;v1;m|;v;m|u;ƐƔŊƐƖ-ोovt†;voml-7u;vvoѴo_-0झ-m
u;1omo1blb;m|o7;7;u;1_ov v;Š†-Ѵ;v‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆovķ -Ѵ1-mŒ-7oѴ-rubl-ub-ĸ;ѴƐƔĺƒѷ_-0झ-ѴѴ;]-7o_-v|-Ѵ-v;-
;lro7;u-lb;m|o‹-];m1b-ķ;Ѵ;l;m|ovt†;7-mvorou|; 1†m7-ub-ĸ‹vॕѴo;ѴƕĺƓѷ_-0झ--Ѵ1-mŒ-7o;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵv†r;ubou
-Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ v|†7bovu;-Ѵb- o†mbˆ;uvb|-uboĺ

CAPÍTULO 1 51
EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

Gráfico 12
! $    " $ " ƐƔƐƖࠃ" & " ! "!( 
&$(‫"ܬ‬$, 

ƓƏĺƏ
Promedio
34.7
ƒƔĺƏ 33.3
Primaria
ƒƏĺƏ 29.6
Secundaria
ƑƔĺƏ
Superior
ƑƏĺƏ 19.3
16.7 17.1
15.3 13.8
ƐƔĺƏ 13.4
ƐƏĺƏ
7.4 6.3 6.6
ƔĺƏ

ƏĺƏ
CENSO 2010 ENDESA 2013 ENDESA 2014

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-& "-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ-v m1†;v|-v ;lo]u࢙C1-v‹7;"-Ѵ†7Ő  "őƑƏƏƑķƑƏƏƕ‹ƑƏƐƒķ7;Ѵ


;mvo-1bom-Ѵ7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm‹(bˆb;m7-ƑƏƐƏĺ

Gráfico 13
DISTRIBUCIÓN PORCENTUAL DE LAS MADRES DE 15 A 19 AÑOS DE EDAD, POR EDAD
" ķ" ࡛(  &$(ĺ ""ƑƏƏƑ+ƑƏƐƏĺ

100% 2.5 4.3 2.9 7.9 7.7


90% 10.8 15.9 14.1
22.9 29.7 23.1
80% 28.4
34.8 29.4
70% 39.6 28.7
12.7 29.9
13.3 36.7
60% 12.9
11.7 13 32.3
50% 12.6
10.6 11.2
40% 51 9.6
47.9 8.4
46.5
30% 41.9 41.1
34 37.4 33.7
20% 29.1 25.7
10%
11 9.1 7.1 8.1 7.3 6.9 7.4 6.9 6.3 6.3
0%
2002 2010 2002 2010 2002 2010 2002 2010 2002 2010
15 16 17 18 19

Sin Educación Básica completa Media completa

Básica incompleta Media incompleta m]u;v--Ѵ-†mbˆ;uvb7-7

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-7orouѴ-& "-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ;v|†7bo ˆoѴ†1bॕm7;Ѵ--|;umb7-77oѴ;v1;m|;;m!;rি0Ѵb1-


olbmb1-m-7;Ѵ- ĺ

52 CAPÍTULO 1
EVOLUCIÓN Y TENDENCIAS

Recuadro 5
!‫ܬ‬$"&$&! "+ &   $!  
DE LAS ADOLESCENTES

;m|uo7;Ѵov7;|;ulbm-m|;vt†;v;-vo1b-m ...como el machismo, que son ;v|†7bov rѴ-m|;-m t†; ;v|ov r-|uom;v 7;
-Ѵ-o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;v; ]࣐m;uoķu;Y;f-7ov;mu;Ѵ-1bom;v7;vb]†-Ѵ;v
;m1†;m|u-m Ѵov =-1|ou;v v†0‹-1;m|;vĺ ‫ݽ‬v|ov
difundidos y reproducidos por 7;ro7;uķv;1omˆb;u|;m;m=-1|ou;v7;ub;v-
bm1Ѵ†‹;m ru࢙1ঞ1-v ‹ r-†|-v 1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;v 7;Ѵ los medios de comunicación, ]o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-rout†;
;m|oumo‹moul-voˆ-Ѵou;vvo1b-Ѵ;vt†;bm- v†0‹†]-m-Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;mѴ-|ol-7;7;-
1b7;m;m;Ѵ1olrou|-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vĺ
la publicidad, las redes
1bvbom;v1Ѵ-ˆ;v1oloѴ-vru࢙1ঞ1-v-mঞ1om-
Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;vv; sociales, la música, los 1;rঞˆ-vķorout†;v;u;ruo7†1;mѴovuoѴ;v
;m1†;m|u-ml;7b-7ovrou†m1omf†m|o7;u;- 7ol࣐vঞ1ov ‹ u;ruo7†1ঞˆov Ő!o7uझ]†;Œķ
patrones de crianza y la
ru;v;m|-1bom;v1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;v;m|oumo-Ѵ-l-- ࢙;Œķ&ѴѴo-ķşoŠķƑƏƐƕőĺ
|;umb7-7ķ Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ Ѵ- v;Š†-Ѵb7-7ķ Ѵ-v educación escolar. Todos estos
-u-1ol0-ঞu;v|-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-vomm;-
u;Ѵ-1bom;v7;r-u;f--|;lru-m-;7-7ķ;m|u; elementos son consumidos 1;v-ub-v-11bom;vbm|;]u-Ѵ;vt†;1om7†Œ-
o|uov-vr;1|ovķ1olo;Ѵl-1_bvloķt†;vom
diariamente por las personas 1-m-1-l0bov;mѴov;v|;u;oঞrov‹uoѴ;v
7b=†m7b7ov‹u;ruo7†1b7ovrouѴovl;7bov7;
7; ]࣐m;uo -1|†-Ѵ;v t†; 1u;-m u;Ѵ-1bom;v
1ol†mb1-1bॕmķѴ-r†0Ѵb1b7-7ķѴ-vu;7;vvo1b-- jóvenes. 7;vb]†-Ѵ;v7;ro7;uĺ m;v|;v;mঞ7oķ_-‹
Ѵ;vķ Ѵ- lিvb1-ķ Ѵov r-|uom;v 7; 1ub-mŒ- ‹ Ѵ-
†m- m;1;vb7-7 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴ-u ;v|u-|;]b-v
;7†1-1bॕm ;v1oѴ-uĺ $o7ov ;v|ov ;Ѵ;l;m|ov
-7b1bom-Ѵ;vu;Ѵ-ঞˆ-v-Ѵovl;7bov7;1o-
vom 1omv†lb7ov 7b-ub-l;m|; rou Ѵ-v r;uvo-
l†mb1-1bॕmķ;ѴuoѴ7;Ѵovr-u;vķ;Ѵ7bv;ोo
m-vfॕˆ;m;vĺ
r;uvom-vfॕˆ;m;v;v|†7b-7-vķv;1-u-1|;ubŒ- 7; ;v|†7bov r-u- ruo=†m7bŒ-u ;m ;Ѵ |;l-
m ;v|; v;mঞ7oķ v;]িm -ubm-v ŐƑƏƐƑőķ Ѵ- rou †m ;m|oumo 7; ;v|;u;oঞrov 7; ]࣐m;- 7; Ѵ- 1omv|u†11bॕm 7; m†;ˆ-v l-v1†Ѵbmb-
bm|;u-11bॕm ;m|u; ]࣐m;uoķ v;Š†-Ѵb7-7 ‹ ;l- uo t†; vom -lrѴb-l;m|; 7b=†m7b7ov rou ;Ѵ 7-7;vķ Ѵ- 1u;-1bॕm 7; roѴझঞ1-v 7; r-|;u-
0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v-7or|-;Šru;vbom;v ;m|oumo 1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ‹ vo1b-Ѵ 7; 1-7- bm7bˆb7†oķ mb7-7 u;vromv-0Ѵ;‹ Ѵ- -|;m1bॕm ;vr;1b-Ѵ
7b=;u;m|;vv;]িmѴov1om|;Š|ovvo1bo1†Ѵ|†u-- =oul-m7or-u|;7;†mvbv|;l-7;moul-v‹ r-u--7oѴ;v1;m|;vt†;_-mˆbˆb7oѴ-;Šr;-
Ѵ;v 7om7; 1omˆbˆ;m‹ v; 7;v-uuoѴѴ-m ѴovņѴ-v ˆ-Ѵou;v 0-v-7o ;m u;Ѵ-1bom;v 7; f;u-ut†झ-‹ ub;m1b- 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ‹ u;t†b;u;m -ro‹o
fॕˆ;m;vĺ Ѵ ;v|†7bo v†]b;u;ķ -7;l࢙vķ t†; Ѵ- 7; ro7;u _ol0u;Ŋl-v1†ѴbmoŊ7olbm-m|; ‹ r-u- v†r;u-u Ѵ-v Ѵblb|-1bom;v blr†;v|-v
bmb1b-1bॕm 7; Ѵ-v u;Ѵ-1bom;v v;Š†-Ѵ;v 7; Ѵ-v l†f;uŊ=;l;mbm-Ŋ7olbm-7-ĺ ;_;1_oķo|uov Ő-ubm-vƑƏƐƑőĺ

-ubm-vķm7b-m-ĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺ(o1;v7;ࡱˆ;m;v‫&ث‬m--ruoŠbl-1bࡱm-Ѳ-u;-Ѳb7-7f†ˆ;mbѲ-r-uࢼu7;Ѳ;v|†7bo7;Ѳvb]mbC1-7o‹Ѳ-vblrѲb1-1bom;v7;Ѳ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѲ;v1;m|;vv;]ࣝm]ߪm;uo
y contextos culturales en la República Dominicanaĺ"-m|o olbm]oķ" Ĺlru;vou-bŠ|ѴbŊu-Ch-ĺ

ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov;ˆb7;m1b-7ov;m;Ѵr-झv;mѴov;mvov7; Ѵ;m1b- 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ ѴѴo bm7b1- t†;
o0Ѵ-1bॕmƑƏƏƑ‹ƑƏƐƏ7;l†;v|u-mt†;†m-l-‹ouruo- ;Ѵ-11;vo-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm1om1-Ѵb7-7;v†mo7;lিѴঞrѴ;v
rou1bॕm7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;v|࢙m-11;7b;m7o- factores necesarios para proporcionar opciones y opor-
mbˆ;Ѵ;vl࢙v-ˆ-mŒ-7ov7;;7†1-1bॕmĺ"bm;l0-u]oķ;v|o |†mb7-7;v - Ѵ- f†ˆ;m|†7 ‹ t†; bm1b7-m ;m Ѵ- u;7†11bॕm
mo v; |u-7†1; |o7-ˆझ- ;m †m- 7bvlbm†1bॕm 7; Ѵ- ru;ˆ-- 7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m;v|-;|-r-ĺ†mt†;Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmf†;]-

CAPÍTULO 1 53
EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

†muoѴ1Ѵ-ˆ;;m;Ѵ1-l0bo7;r-|uom;vv;Š†-Ѵ;v‹u;ruo- ˆ;Ѵ7;=;1†m7b7-7Ő-†vl-mmş"Œ࣐h;Ѵ‹ķƑƏƏƐőĺ v|†7bov


7†1ঞˆovķ-Ѵb]†-Ѵt†;;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ķ;m _-mbm7b1-7ot†;†mbm1u;l;m|o7;Ѵbm]u;vo=-lbѴb-uķ-†-
!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-mov;_-mu;]bv|u-7oѴovu;v†Ѵ|-- l;m|-Ѵ-bmˆ;uvbॕm;m1-rb|-Ѵ_†l-moķѴot†;1omѴѴ;ˆ--
dos esperados en cuanto al retraso de la maternidad y †m- 7bvlbm†1bॕm ;m Ѵ- 1-mঞ7-7 7; _bfov t†; ঞ;m; †m-
Ѵ-7bvlbm†1bॕm7;Ѵ-=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;Ő!o7uझ]†;Œ =-lbѴb-Ő;1h;uķ†ur_‹ş$-l†u-ķƐƖƖƏőĺ
(b]moѴbķ b;v-u;ķş࢙;ŒķƑƏƐƕőĺ
omvbv|;m|;1omѴ-v;ˆb7;m1b-vbm|;um-1bom-Ѵ;vķ-mbˆ;Ѵm--
ou o|u- r-u|;ķ ;Ѵ mbˆ;Ѵ vo1bo;1omॕlb1o _- vb7o 1ol- 1bom-Ѵv;o0v;uˆ-†m-u;Ѵ-1bॕmm;]-ঞˆ-;m|u;mbˆ;Ѵ7;bm-
ruo0-7o1olo=-1|out†;bm1b7;;m;Ѵ1olrou|-lb;m|o ]u;vov‹rou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐ࣐u;ŒķƑƏƐƔő
v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆo7;Ѵ-vņov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ‹ঞ;m;†m Ő झ-ŒşѴbˆoķƑƏƐƐőĺ v|ov;;ˆb7;m1b--Ѵ-m-ѴbŒ-uѴ-vিѴঞ-
;=;1|oblrou|-m|;;m;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-;7-7|;lru-m-ĺ v- l-v;m1†;v|-v;vr;1b-ѴbŒ-7-v;m;Ѵr-झvĹѴ-bm1b7;m1b-7;
|†7bov - mbˆ;Ѵ u;]bom-Ѵ rѴ-m|;-m t†; _-‹ †m- ľ7bm࢙lb1- ;v|;=;mॕl;mo;m;Ѵt†bmঞѴbm=;ubou;v7;ƒƓĺƒѷŐ -
7†-ѴĿ;mѴ-v1om7†1|-vu;ruo7†1ঞˆ-v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vķ7b- !"ƑƏƐƓőlb;m|u-vt†;;m;Ѵo|uo;Š|u;lo7b1_o
=;u;m1b-7-vrouv†mbˆ;Ѵvo1bo;1omॕlb1oĹ-l;moumbˆ;Ѵ rou1;m|-f;voѴou;ru;v;m|-;ѴƓѷ;m;Ѵt†bmঞѴv†r;ubouĺ
vo1bo;1omॕlb1o ;v l࢙v -Ѵ|-‹ |;lru-m- v† =;1†m7b7-7
-v 7bvr-ub7-7;v ;m|u; ;v|ov ;v|u-|ov 7; ro0Ѵ-1bॕm v;
Ő-0;ѴѴ-ş-u7oķƑƏƐƓőŐ_-1hb;Ѵş"1_hoѴmbhķƑƏƏƓőĺ
;ˆb7;m1b-m|-l0b࣐m;m†m;v|†7bor†0Ѵb1-7orouѴ- -
vblbvloķ;Šbv|;†m;m=ot†;;m7;lo]u-ࣱ-t†;rѴ-m|;- ķ;m;Ѵt†;;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m
t†;-l-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ7;ro0u;Œ-1ouu;vrom7;†ml-‹oumb- ;Ѵt†bmঞѴl࢙vro0u;=†;ƔĺƓˆ;1;vl-‹out†;;m;Ѵt†bmঞѴ

Gráfico 14
! $    " $ " & " ! "! &$ 
! ""ķ" ࡛ & $

40
34 34.3
35
30.5 30.2
30 27.4
25 23.1 23.5 23.5
19.9
20 17.4
14.6
15 12 11.3 11.6
9.7
10 6.6 5.7 5.4 4
5
0
2002 DHS 2007 DHS 2013 DHS ENHOGAR 2014

Inferior ";]†m7o Intermedio Cuarto Superior

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm& v-r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ov7;Ѵ7o1†l;m|oľ$;m7;m1b-vķr-|uom;v‹7;|;ulbm-m|;v7;Ѵ-=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;


;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ŀ ŐƑƏƐƕőĺ

54 CAPÍTULO 1
EVOLUCIÓN Y TENDENCIAS

más rico47ĺ v|; 7-|o bm1u;l;m|- -িm l࢙v ;m Ѵov 7-|ov †l-moѴ|oķѴ-v|-v-vu;]bv|u-7-v-mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-Ѵ‹v†0
7;Ѵ- !Ŋ"ķ7om7;;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v m-1bom-Ѵ vom vblbѴ-u;v - Ѵ-v 7; Ѵov r-झv;v 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;v1-vbƖˆ;1;vl-‹ou;m;Ѵt†bmঞѴbm=;ubou †l-mo-foķ1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm_bv|ॕub1-l;m|;v†r;u-7-rou
t†;;m;Ѵv†r;ubouĺ !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-49ĺ7;l࢙vķѴ-u;vbv|;m1b--Ѵ-0-f-‹
Ѵ-ľl;v;|-Ŀt†;=oul-;mѴovিѴঞlovƒƔ-ोovķbm7b1-t†;
&  ŐƑƏƐƒő 1b|- ;Ѵ -m࢙Ѵbvbv u;-ѴbŒ-7o rou -uu-v1o
r;uvbv|;m 7bm࢙lb1-v t†; blrb7;m t†; Ѵ-v l;fou-v ;m ;Ѵ
ŐƑƏƐƑőķ ;Ѵ 1†-Ѵ ;ˆ-Ѵি- ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; ;m ;Ѵ
-11;voѴovv;uˆb1bov;7†1-ঞˆov‹7;v-Ѵ†7ķ‹Ѵ-vru࢙1ঞ1-v
l-u1o7;r;uvom-v0;m;C1b-ub-v7;Ѵruo]u-l-7;|u-mv-
1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;v t†;ķ f†m|o 1om Ѵ- †u0-mbŒ-1bॕm ‹ lo7;umbŒ--
=;u;m1b-vlom;|-ub-vľ"oѴb7-ub7-7Ŀ48ĺ m|u;v†vu;v†Ѵ|-7ov
1bॕmķѴ-7bvlbm†‹-mĺ
u;v-Ѵ|-t†;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v1om;l0-u-Œo|;l-
ru-mov;1oѴo1-m;m-1ঞˆb7-7;vѴ-0ou-Ѵ;v1om0-f-ruo- No obstante, el comportamiento de las tasas de embara-
7†1ঞˆb7-7†m-ˆ;Œ-0-m7om-mv†v;v|†7bovĹ;ѴƔƑѷ7; Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;v7bvझlbѴ;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l--
Ѵ-v l-7u;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v v; 7;7b1-0-m -Ѵ 1†b7oĸ ;Ѵ ƑƏѷ mo-mbˆ;Ѵ]Ѵo0-Ѵķrou;Ѵr;vot†;ঞ;m;;Ѵbm]u;vo1olo
|†ˆo1olo-1ঞˆb7-7rubm1br-ѴѴov;v|†7bovĸ;ѴƐƓѷ|;mझ- †m-7bl;mvbॕmblrou|-m|;r-u-l;7buѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;ˆb7-
-Ѵ]িmঞro7;|u-0-foĸ‹;ѴƐƑѷv;;m1om|u-0-0†v1-m7o 7b]m- ;m ;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-moĺ o o0v|-m|;ķ 1olo ;Ѵ
†moĺ v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovl†;v|u-mˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v;mѴ-vt†;ঞ;- lbvlor-u-7b]l-7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-7ˆb;u|;ķvb0b;m
m;u;r;u1†vbom;v;v|;;ˆ;m|oķ;m1om|;Š|ov7;ro0u;Œ-‹ ;Ѵ bm]u;vo ;v blrou|-m|; mo ;v v†C1b;m|; r-u- l;7bu Ѵ-
0-fombˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ 1-Ѵb7-77;ˆb7-7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vĺ vrou;ѴѴot†;-mbˆ;Ѵ
m-1bom-Ѵķ;Ѵ rŋt†;|ol-l࢙vbm7b1-7ou;vt†;-mbˆ;Ѵ
v|ov;v|†7bovl†;v|u-mѴ-u;Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v-
]Ѵo0-Ѵ r-u- 1-r|†u-u l;fou Ѵ-v 7bm࢙lb1-v ruorb-v 7; Ѵov
1;m|;1omˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v7;lo]u࢙C1-v‹vo1b-Ѵ;v1om|ub0†‹;m-
v;1|ou;v 7; v-Ѵ†7‹ ;7†1-1bॕm ŋ l†;v|u- †m r-mou-l-
7o-7bl;mvbom-uѴ-v1-†v-vĺ"bm;l0-u]oķv;u;t†b;u;m
l࢙v1olrѴ;fo;bѴ†v|u-t†;;=;1ঞˆ-l;m|;_-‹†m-u;Ѵ--
mayores informaciones sobre como las causas interac-
1bॕm;m|u;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹Ѵovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;7;v--
|ি-m ;m|u; vझ 7; l-m;u- vbl†Ѵ|࢙m;-ķ r-u- ˆbvѴ†l0u-u ;Ѵ
uuoѴѴo_†l-mo;mѴ-vruoˆbm1b-vĺ
-Ѵ1-m1;l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ7;Ѵblr-1|oĺ
Šbv|;l-‹oubm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mѴ-v
zonas donde se concentra la pobreza, al igual en los luga-
Conclusiones
u;v1oml;moumbˆ;Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķl;7b7orou;Ѵ
-v|-v-v7;=;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;7;!;rি0Ѵb1- olb-  rĺ v|o;v1omvbv|;m|;1omѴ-=-Ѵ|-7;orou|†mb7-7;vķ
mb1-m- ru;v;m|-m mbˆ;Ѵ;v ru;o1†r-m|;vķ l࢙v -িm 1†-m- ;Ѵ0-fo-11;vo-v;uˆb1bovrি0Ѵb1ovķѴov0-fovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;
7ov;1olr-u-1omѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v;mѴ-v7bvঞm|-vu;]bom;v bm]u;voķl;mou;vmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7ķ;m|u;o|uov=-1-
7;Ѵ l†m7o‹ 1om Ѵov r-झv;v 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo -Ѵ|oĺ |ou;vt†;r†7b;u-m;v|-uu;Ѵ-1bom-7ov1omѴ-o1†uu;m1b-
†mt†; ;Ѵ r-झv v†v|;m|- Ѵ- 1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo 7;Ѵ;ˆ;m|o‹ņo1omѴ-v1omv;1†;m1b-v7;Ѵlbvloĺ

47
";]িm  "ƑƏƏƕŐ!o7uझ]†;Œ(b]moѴbķƑƏƐƓőĺ
48
1|†-Ѵl;m|;ѴѴ-l-7ouo]u;v-m7o1om"oѴb7-ub7-7Ő!"őĺ
49
m=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĹ ;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mor-u-|o7-vѴ-vr;uvom-vŐ& ķƑƏƐѵőĺ

CAPÍTULO 1 55
EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

m|u;Ѵov7-|ovl࢙vvb]mbC1-ঞˆov7;Ѵ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-v;
;m1†;m|u- Ѵ- ;7-7 7; bmb1b-1bॕm 7; Ѵ- -1ঞˆb7-7 v;Š†-Ѵ
;m|u; ѴovņѴ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ ";]িm Ѵov ;v|†7bov l࢙v u;-
1b;m|;vķѴ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vbmb1b-mv†-1ঞˆb7-7v;Š†-Ѵ1-7-
ˆ;Œl࢙v|;lru-moĺ v|oo1†uu;;m†m1om|;Š|o7;Ѵblb-
|-1bom;v;m;Ѵ-11;vobm=oul-1bॕm‹v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵķv;uˆb-
Ɣ DE CADA

  " $ " ! "


ƐƏ
"$" "& "
1bov7;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ-vझ1olo;Ѵ-11;vo-
l࣐|o7ov-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovĺvblbvloķ;Šbv|;;ˆb7;m1b-7;
t†;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;vv;†m;m-;7-7;vl†‹|;lru-m-vĹƔ7;
1-7-ƐƏ-7oѴ;v1;m|;vl-7u;v;v|-0-m1-v-7-vo†mb7-vķ
_;1_ot†;ru;1;7;-Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵov1--
vovĺ]†-Ѵl;m|;ķѴ-vfॕˆ;m;vt†;;Šr;ubl;m|-m;l0-u-Œo
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;1-u-1|;ubŒ-mrou|;m;u†mmbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo
0-foķ†ml;moumbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;vo‹rou_-0b|-ul-‹oul;m-
|;;mŒom-vu†u-Ѵ;vĺ

v|-ruo=†m7bŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ;m=ot†;l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ7;0;
ѴѴ;ˆ-u - Ѵ- u;7;Cmb1bॕm 7;Ѵ ruo0Ѵ;l- 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ;m
HECHO QUE PRECEDE
-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺo;v†mruo0Ѵ;l-7;v-Ѵ†7mb7;ro0u;Œ-
AL EMBARAZO EN LA
voѴ-l;m|;ĺ v†mruo0Ѵ;l-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵt†;v;;Š-
plica sobre las oportunidades, capacidades y decisiones
+!߈ """ĺ
7;Ѵ 1b1Ѵo 7; ˆb7- 7; 1-7- -7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ ;m †m 1om|;Š|o & $ Ĺ "ҐƑƏƐƏґ

;vr;1झC1oĺ b1_o 1om|;Š|o r†;7; ;v|-u r;ul;-7o rou


normas sociales sobre la edad del primer contacto se-
Š†-Ѵķ†mbom;v-|;lru-m-;7-7ķѴ--†v;m1b-l࣐|o7ov7;
ru;ˆ;m1bॕm-Ѵ-l-mo7;Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķmbˆ;Ѵ;v0-fov
7;;7†1-1bॕmķu†u-Ѵb7-7ķro0u;Œ-ķ;m|u;o|uovĺ

m Ѵov ruॕŠblov 1-rझ|†Ѵov v; _-1; †m- -ruoŠbl-1bॕm


7;v7;†m-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķ7;Ѵ-v7bvঞm|-v om ;ѴѴo v; ;vr;u- 1om|ub0†bu 1om †m- ;ŠrѴb1-1bॕm l࢙v
ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v t†; bm1b7;m |-m|o ;m Ѵ-v ruo0-0bѴb7-7;v 7; Ѵ- 1olrѴ;|-‹-ruoŠbl-7-vo0u;Ѵ-v7bl;mvbom;vt†;bm|;u-
ocurrencia del embarazo en la adolescencia como en las ˆb;m;m;m;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;t†;r;ulb|-mb7;mঞ-
u;r;u1†vbom;v7;;v|;;ˆ;m|oĺ v|--ruoŠbl-1bॕmv;u;-- C1-u-11bom;v7;roѴझঞ1-vt†;];m;u;m1-l0bovrovbঞˆov
ѴbŒ--|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ;m=ot†;7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ-m-ѴbŒ-m- ;m;Ѵbm7b1-7ouķ|-m|o;Š-m|;Őru;ˆ;m1bॕmő1olo;Šrov|
7o7bl;mvbom;v=-Ѵ|-m|;v‹ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vl;mov;ŠrѴou-7-vĺ Ő-|;m1bॕmőĺ

56 CAPÍTULO 1
߈$&Ƒ

 ! Ĺ
COSTOS DE
OPORTUNIDAD DEL
EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Introducción

EL EMBARAZO;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;v†m=;mॕl;mol†Ѵ-
ঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķ loঞˆ-7o rou 7b=;u;m|;v 1-†v-vķ -=;1|-m-
7oѴ-];m;u-1bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v‹orou|†mb7-7;v7;Ѵ-v
r;uvom-vĺ ; l-m;u- ;vr;1झC1-ķ ;Ѵ 1b1Ѵo 7;ˆb7- 7; Ѵ-v
l†f;u;vfॕˆ;m;v;v|࢙l-u1-7orou_b|ovt†;-0u;mo1b;-
uu-morou|†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ La mujer que experimenta el embarazo
v|;1-rझ|†Ѵoķruo=†m7bŒ-;mѴovblr-1|ov7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo más tarde ingresa más fácilmente a la
;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-];m;u-m7o‹-m-ѴbŒ-m7obm=oul-1bॕmķ población ;1omࡱlb1-l;m|;-1ࢼˆ-,
1om;Ѵruorॕvb|o7;u;Y;f-u;Ѵľ1ov|o7;orou|†mb7-7r-u-
ࢼ;m7;-1-v-uv;o†mbuv;1om†m-
;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-moĿ 7; -1†;u7o - Ѵ- ;7-7 7;Ѵ rubl;u
;l0-u-Œo7;Ѵ-l†f;uĺ-u-;v|-|-u;-ķv;ѴѴ;ˆॕ-1-0o†m-
persona de l-‹oumbˆ;Ѳ;7†1-ࢼˆo
bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm 1†-mঞ|-ঞˆ- Ŋ m1†;v|- "o0u; l0-u-Œo y reside en un hogar con mayor
7oѴ;v1;m|;ƑƏƐƕ50Ŋt†;v†v|;m|-;v|;m=oul;‹1†‹ov 1-mࢼ7-7de perceptores de
u;v†Ѵ|-7ovv;ru;v;m|-m-1omঞm†-1bॕmĺomѴ-;m1†;v|-
ingresos por tamaño del hogar.
v;1-u-1|;ubŒ-Ѵ-v1om7b1bom;v7;ˆb7-ķѴovѴo]uov‹7;v--
ࣱov7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹v†v_o- "†v_bfovń-v|-l0bߪmࢼ;m;ml;mou;v
]-u;vĺ$-l0b࣐mv;u;1-0-bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;Ѵ-vu;vromv-- posibilidades de morir en la primera
0bѴb7-7;v7;Ѵovr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-7;Ѵ-
infancia, de no acceder a la educación
l†f;uķv;]†ub7-7-Ѵbl;m|-ub-;m;Ѵ_o]-uķ7bv1ublbm-1bॕm
‹-0†vov†=ub7o7†u-m|;;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoķ;m|u;o|u-vĺ
y de no tener documentación.
v|-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vv;-]u†r-m;mƓ1-|;]ouझ-v7;rubˆ-1bॕmĹi)
1-r-1b7-7;vķbbő;lro7;u-lb;m|o‹-];m1b-ķbbbőˆb7-7b]-
m-‹7;u;1_ovķbˆőbmˆ;uvbॕmvo1b-Ѵ;bm=u-;v|u†1|†u-ĺ

Se analizan además las diferencias registradas entre las |ov7ov]u†rov7;l†f;u;vķo;Ѵ;=;1|om;|oķ;vѴot†;


l†f;u;vt†;=†;uoml-7u;v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹-t†;ѴѴ-v llamamos costos de oportunidad para su desarrollo hu-
t†; rov|;u]-uom ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo r-u- †m- ;|-r- rov|;ubou l-moĺ51olov;bѴ†v|u-u࢙ķ;Ѵ1ov|o7;orou|†mb7-77;
-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ-v7b=;u;m1b-v;m1om|u-7-v;m|u;;v- |;m;u†m;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ŋ;mѴov;m|oumov

50
!;-ѴbŒ-7-rou;Ѵ& ;m;Ѵl;v7;f†Ѵbo7;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐƕĺom;v|-bm=oul-1bॕmv;-rѴb1-uomѴ-vvb]†b;m|;v|࣐1mb1-v;v|-7झvঞ1-v‹;1omol࣐|ub1-vĹru†;0-v7;b]†-Ѵ-
7-77;l;7b-v‹ruorou1bom;vĸlo7;Ѵov;1omol࣐|ub1ovŐѴo]b|ő7;ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v1-|;]ॕub1-v7;r;m7b;m|;vr-u-1†-mঞC1-uruo0-0bѴb7-7;vĸ‹lo7;Ѵov;1omol࣐|ub1ov
7;1-†v-Ѵb7-7Ől࣐|o7o7;7b=;u;m1b-v;m7b=;u;m1b-v‹l࣐|o7o7;;lr-u;f-lb;m|orour†m|-f;7;ruor;mvbॕmőĺ$-l0b࣐mv;†ঞѴbŒ-uomѴ-vvb]†b;m|;v0-v;v7;7-|ovĹ
m1†;v|--1bom-Ѵ7; †;uŒ-7;$u-0-foŐ  $őĸ !Ŋ"ĸ‹Ѵ- m1†;v|-vo0u;Ѵ-|u-mvb1bॕm7;Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ--Ѵ|u-0-fo7;Ѵ-$ĺ-u-l࢙vbm=oul-1bॕmˆ;u
-m;Šol;|o7oѴॕ]b1oĺ
51
";b7;mঞC1-uomˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vt†;ঞ;m;ml-‹oublr-1|o;mѴ-vr࣐u7b7-v7;orou|†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo‹rouv†1ouu;Ѵ-1bॕmঞ;m;m;=;1|ov;ml-m|;m;u;v|;
v;]l;m|o7;ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;m1om7b1bom;v7;ro0u;Œ-ŐѴblb|-uv†v-Ѵb7-őobm1Ѵ†voruo=†m7bŒ-uѴ-ĺ ;;v|-l-m;u-v;r†;7;u;-ѴbŒ-u†m--ruoŠbl-1bॕm7;Ѵov1ov|ov7;
orou|†mb7-7t†;ঞ;m;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-r-u-;ѴѴo]uo7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ

58 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

7;ro0u;Œ-bmˆ;vঞ]-7ovŊ;v-Ѵ|oķ‹-t†;Ѵov_o]-u;v1om posibles condicionantes del embarazo relacionadas con


l†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b- v†;m|oumo=-lbѴb-u‹1ol†mb|-uboķt†;r†;7;mu;r;u1†ঞu
ru;v;m|-ml;fou;v1om7b1bom;vvo1bo;1omॕlb1-vt†;Ѵov ;mv†7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ
_o]-u;v1oml†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom7†u-m|;7b1_-
De acuerdo a la edad del primer embarazo, los hogares
;|-r-ĺ
v;7bˆb7b;uom;m7ov]u†rovĹ;Ѵrubl;uo-]u†r-_o]-u;v
olov;rѴ-m|;-ķѴ-v1-r-1b7-7;v_†l-m-vvom-1†l†Ѵ-- 7om7;voѴo_-0b|-ml†f;u;vt†;|†ˆb;uomv†rubl;u;l-
ঞˆ-v‹Ѵ-bmˆ;uvbॕmvo1b-Ѵ7;0;l-m|;m;uv;-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ 0-u-Œo;m|u;ѴovƐƑ‹ƐƖ-ोov7;;7-7ŐѶƏѷ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ--
1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķvb;m7om;1;v-ubobm|;mvbC1-u;m=†m1bॕm7; 1bॕm;m1†;v|-7-őķt†;r-u-Cm;v7;;v|-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmv;
las etapas de mayores riesgos, una de ellas la adolescen-
1b-ĺ m ;v|; 1om|;Š|oķ ;v blrou|-m|; =ol;m|-u roѴझঞ1-v
|-m|or-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-|;lru-m-;7-7
Ő;Šŋ-m|;vő1oloroѴझঞ1-vr-u--|;m1bॕm‹ruo|;11bॕmŐ;Š & ! "
rov|őķt†;;m1omf†m|o-v;]†u;ml-‹ou;vorou|†mb7-7;v
‹or1bom;vr-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vvbmblrou|-uѴ-;|-r-;mt†;
PRIMER EMBARAZO
;Šr;ubl;m|;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ&m-roѴझঞ1-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ
7;=ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m|o7;1-r-1b7-7;v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vfॕˆ;m;v
-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķblrѴb1-uझ-bm|;]u-u;v|-v7ov
;v|u-|;]b-vĺ

;|-ѴѴ;v7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm

Ѵ Ѵ;ˆ-m|-lb;m|o 7; bm=oul-1bॕm =†; u;-ѴbŒ-7o - †m-


l†;v|u- 7; ѵѵƐ _o]-u;vķ ;m|u;ˆbv|-m7o - †m |o|-Ѵ 7;
ƒķƏƐƕr;uvom-v;ml†mb1brbovv;Ѵ;11bom-7ov7;Ѵr-झvv;-
]িmѴ-bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ m;v|-v7;-
ENTRE ENTRE
l-u1-1bom;v];o]u࢙C1-vv;v;Ѵ;11bom-uom_o]-u;v7om7; ƐƑ҃ƐƖࠃ" ƑƏ҃ƒƏࠃ"
_-0b|-ml†f;u;vt†;-1|†-Ѵl;m|;ঞ;m;m;7-7;v;m|u;ƑƏ
‹ƒƏ-ोovĺ52-;ŠrѴou-1bॕm7;;v|;1omf†m|o7;ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v u†ro7; u†ro7;
l࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;ķt†;ˆ-m7;v7;Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm Tratamiento. Comparación
y/o Control.
de la madre o el padre, dinámicas familiares, patrones de
†mbॕm‹7;;l0-u-Œoru;ˆboķmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;bm]u;vo_-v|--1-
1;vo-roѴझঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-vķr;ulb|;-lrѴb-uѴ-lbu-7-7;Ѵ-v

52
;;v|-l-m;u-v;r;ulbঞॕt†;|u-mv1†uub;u-1b;u|oঞ;lroŐ-Ѵl;movѵ-ोovő7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-ŒoŐ;mѴov1-vov7om7;v;7bo;v|;;ˆ;m|oőr-u-Ѵ;ˆ-m|-u
Ѵ-bm=oul-1bॕm‹-vझ|;m;u†m-l;fou-ruoŠbl-1bॕmvo0u;Ѵovrovb0Ѵ;v;=;1|ovĺ v7;1buķ7;l-m;u-u;|uovr;1ঞˆ-ķv;ru;|;m7;u;1omC]†u-uv†vb|†-1bॕm7;ˆb7-
-Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo7;†m_bfoo_bf-m-1b7ovˆbˆovĺoo0v|-m|;ķr-u-Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-Ѵ-bm=oul-1bॕmѴ;ˆ-m|-7-=†;1omfॕˆ;m;vt†;-Ѵ
lol;m|o7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v|;mझ-m;7-7;v1olru;m7b7-v;m|u;ƐƑ‹ƐƖ-ोovĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 59
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

-v1-u-1|;u࠸vࢼ1-vrubm1br-Ѳ;v7;|o7ovѲov
Recuadro 6
hogares encuestados – tomando en cuenta
$ !߈" !(ࠎ
las 4 categorías de privación – muestran EN LOS HOGARES INVESTIGADOS
diferencias marcadas entre aquellos
m;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;Ѵ-l†;v|u-v;b7;mঞC1-uomƓ࢙u;-vo1-|;-
donde se registró embarazo adolescente
]ouझ-v7;l-‹ourubˆ-1bॕm;mѴov_o]-u;vbmˆ;vঞ]-7ovķ-
y aquellos donde el evento ocurrió en una r-uঞu7;Ѵ-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v;v|†7b-7-vĹ

etapa posterior.
PRIVACIO NES

7;molbm-ľ]u†ro|u-|-lb;m|oĿĺ53 El segundo grupo está


1olr†;v|o rou _o]-u;v 7om7; _-0b|-m l†f;u;v 1†‹o
C A PAC I DA DE S : E M PO DE R A M I E N TO
rubl;u;l0-u-Œoo1†uubॕ;m|u;ѴovƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोov7;;7-7 Y AG E N CI A :
bˆ;Ѳ;7†1-ࢼˆoĶ Ѳ-m7;ˆb7-Ķ
ŐƑƏѷ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;m1†;v|-7-őķ7;molbm-7oľ]u†ro mercado laboral discriminación y abuso
7;1olr-u-1bॕmo1om|uoѴĿ54ĺ Ѵ|o|-Ѵ7;l†f;u;v;m;v|-v y TICs

;7-7;v;mѴov_o]-u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7ov=†;7;Ɣƒƕl†f;-
u;vĺ|u-ˆ࣐v7;;v|-1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕmv;-m-ѴbŒ-uomѴ-v7b=;-
u;m1b-v;m|u;Ѵov]u†rov‹v;0†v1-uom;ˆb7;m1b-vt†;
r†7b;u-m;v|-uu;Ѵ-1bom-7-v1om;Ѵ;ˆ;m|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo V I DA DI G NA Y I NV E R S I Ó N SOCI A L E
DE R EC HO S :   !  " $ !&$&! Ĺ
;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ v;]†u-lb;m|ol-7u;v;_bfovĶ $bro7;ˆbˆb;m7-Ķ|;m;m1b-7;Ѳ-
lou|-Ѳb7-7bm=-mࢼѲĶv;]†ub7-7 ˆbˆb;m7-Ķl-|;ub-Ѳ;v7;1omv|u†11bࡱmĶ
-Ѳbl;m|-ub-Ķ-11;vo-bm=oul-1bࡱm _-1bm-lb;m|oĶ-11;vo-v;uˆb1bov
-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmv;u;-ѴbŒॕ;mѴovƑƕl†mb1brbov1oml-- sobre SSRĶ†vo7;lߪ|o7o‹ 0޳vb1ovĶ-1ࢼˆov
documentacion
‹oubm1b7;m1b-7;rou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹
Ѵ-bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ĺ55-v࢙u;-v];o]u࢙C1-vv;Ѵ;1-
cionadas56r-u-Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm-0-u1-uomƖruoˆbm1b-v
Ő Ѵझ-vbो-ķ"-m†-m‹Œ†-ķ-ou†1oķ-u-_om-ķm7;-

53
v|-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm-ruorb-Ѵ-|;ulbmoѴo]झ-†ঞѴbŒ-7-r-u-;mv-‹ov-Ѵ;-|oubov1om|uoѴ-7ov‹Ѵ--rѴb1-r-u-Cm;v7;1olr-u-1bॕm-m-Ѵझঞ1-7;Ѵ-vu;r;u1†vbom;v7;Ѵ
;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;m†m]u†ro7;l†f;u;v;mu-m]ov7;;7-7;vvblbѴ-u;vķt†;_-0b|-m;m;m|oumov7;ro0u;Œ-ĺ";1omC]†uॕ†mľ]u†ro7;|u-|-lb;m|oĿ
1om=oul-7orouѴ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;m|u;ƐƑ‹ƐƖ-ोov‹†mľ]u†ro7;1olr-u-1bॕmo1om|uoѴĿr-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;|†ˆb;uom;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m|u;Ѵov
ƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोovĺ-u-l࢙vbm=oul-1bॕmˆ;u-m;Šol;|o7oѴॕ]b1oĺ
54
0b7ĺ
55
ovl†mb1brbovv;Ѵ;11bom-7ovu;rou|-uom;m;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐƏ†mrou1;m|-f;7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;v1om_bfovo_bf-vt†;v;;m1om|u-0-ĸ;m|u;ƒѶĺƒѷr-u-;Ѵl†mb1brbo7;
v|;0-mझ-7;Œ†-ķ1omѴ-ruorou1bॕml࢙v-Ѵ|-ķ‹Ѵ-l࢙v0-f-Ѵ-ru;v;m|ॕ;Ѵl†mb1brbo†-m7;;uu;u-7;Ѵ-ruoˆbm1b-"-m†-m1om†mƑƓĺƓѷĺŐ v|;িѴঞlov†r;-
u-m7o;Ѵruol;7bom-1bom-Ѵ;mƓĺƕr†m|ovrou1;m|†-Ѵ;vőĺ
56
-u-;Ѵ7bv;ोo7;Ѵ-l†;v|u-v;u;-ѴbŒ-uomˆ-ubov;f;u1b1bovĺ";1-Ѵ1†ѴॕѴ-bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-v;]িml†mb1brbov‹ruoˆbm1b-v†ঞѴbŒ-m7oѴ-
0-v;7;7-|ov7;Ѵ;mvo7;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐƏĺom;ѴѴoķv;b7;mঞC1-uomѴovrubl;uovƔƏl†mb1brbov7;Ѵr-झv1oml-‹ourou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ7b1bom-Ѵ-
l;m|;ķv;u;-ѴbŒॕ†m1u†1;7;bm=oul-1bॕm1om;v|;lbvlobm7b1-7ouo0|;mb7o7;Ѵ1࢙Ѵ1†Ѵo†ঞѴbŒ-m7oѴ-0-v;7;7-|ov-rou|-7-rou;Ѵ"bv|;l-࡛mb1o7;;m;C1b--
ubovŐ"& őĺ v|;1u†1;r;ulbঞॕ;v|-0Ѵ;1;uѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;1obm1b7;m1b-7;-Ѵ|-ru;ˆ-Ѵ;m1b-7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;l0-u-Œ-7-v‹7;mvb7-77;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ĺ

60 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

r;m7;m1b-‹;7;um-Ѵ;vķ-(;]-‹omv;ोouo†;Ѵő‹;Ѵ |uobm7b1-7ou7;rubˆ-1bॕmr-u-Ѵovlb;l0uov;m;7-7
Distrito Nacional57ĺ ;v1oѴ-u;vѴ-7†u-1bॕm7;Ѵ|u-‹;1|o;m|u;;Ѵ_o]-u‹;Ѵ1;m-
|uo;7†1-ঞˆoĹ;ѴƒƑѷ-Culॕt†;|-u7-0-;mruol;7bo
-v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-vrubm1br-Ѵ;v7;|o7ovѴov_o]-u;v;m-
l࢙v7;ƒƏlbm†|ovķruorou1bॕml࢙v;Ѵ;ˆ-7-;m;Ѵ1-vo
1†;v|-7ovŋ|ol-m7o;m1†;m|-Ѵ-vƓ1-|;]ouझ-v7;rub-
7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v Ő7b=;u;m1b- 7; ƐƏ r†m|ov rou1;m|†-Ѵ;vőĺ
ˆ-1bॕm ŋ l†;v|u-m 7b=;u;m1b-v l-u1-7-v ;m|u; -t†;ѴѴov
7b1bom-Ѵl;m|;ķ u;v-Ѵ|- ;Ѵ _;1_o 7; t†; ;Ѵ Ɛƕѷ 7; Ѵ-v
7om7;v;u;]bv|uॕ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹-t†;ѴѴov7om-
l†f;u;vm;1;vb|-l࢙v7;†m-_ou-r-u-1olrѴ;|-u;Ѵ|u--
7;;Ѵ;ˆ;m|oo1†uubॕ;m†m-;|-r-rov|;ubouĺ-l-‹ouझ-
‹;1|o _o]-uŊ1;m|uo ;7†1-ঞˆoķ 1b=u- t†; 1-vb 7†rѴb1- Ѵ-
de los indicadores estudiados muestran peor desempeño
u;rou|-7-rouѴov_ol0u;vŐƖѷőĺ
en los hogares donde hubo embarazo en la adolescencia,
|-m|or-u-;ѴѴ-v1olor-u-Ѵovlb;l0uov7;v†v_o]-u;vĺ mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-ѴিѴঞlombˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo-Ѵ1-mŒ-7o7;Ѵ-ro-
0Ѵ-1bॕml-‹ou7;ƐƓ-ोovķ-Ѵu;7;7ou7;ѴƔѵѷ7;Ѵ-vl†-
f;u;v-Ѵ1-mŒॕ;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵl;7bo7;;7†1-1bॕmķv†r;u-m7o;m
i) Capacidades
7o1;r†m|ovrou1;m|†-Ѵ;vѴ-ruorou1bॕm7;Ѵov_ol0u;vĺ
Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo7;Ѵovlb;l0uov7;Ѵ_o]-u;v†m-ˆ-- - 7b=;u;m1b- mo ;v |-m l-u1-7- 1†-m7o v; o0v;uˆ- ;Ѵ
ub-0Ѵ; t†; lb7; Ѵ- 1-r-1b7-7 7; ];m;u-u _-0bѴb7-7;v ‹ Ѵo]uo;m;7†1-1bॕm†mbˆ;uvb|-ub-ov†r;ubouĺ m;=;1|oķ;Ѵ
1olr;|;m1b-vĺ  mbˆ;Ѵ ];m;u-Ѵķ v; o0v;uˆ- t†; ;Ѵ ƐƐѷ ƒƏѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vbm7b1-uom_-0;u-Ѵ1-mŒ-7o;v|†7bov
7;Ѵovlb;l0uov7;ƐƔ-ोovol࢙vu;vb7;m|;v;mѴov_o- †mbˆ;uvb|-ubovov†r;ubou;vķ;m|-m|ot†;;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;
]-u;v ;m1†;v|-7ovķ -Cul- t†; mo v-0; Ѵ;;u mb ;v1ub0buķ Ѵov _ol0u;v =†; Ѵb];u-l;m|; bm=;ubou 1om †m Ƒƕѷĺvb-
rou1;m|-f;t†;v;bm1u;l;m|--ѴƐƓѷ;m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵov lbvloķ;ѴƐƕѷ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm7;ƐƔ-ोov‹l࢙vbm7b1ॕ
_ol0u;v‹ v; u;7†1; -Ѵ Ɩѷ ;m ;Ѵ 1-vo 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;vĺ _-0;uѴѴ;]-7o|-mvoѴo-Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ0࢙vb1oķ1b=u-l†‹v†r;ubou
-0;u;v-Ѵ|-ut†;;v|ovbm7b1-7ou;vv†r;u-mѴ-l;7b-m-- ;m;Ѵ_ol0u;ŐƑѵѷő1omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-l†f;uŐƐƒѷőĺ
1bom-Ѵ;m1-7-1-|;]ouझ-58ĺ
om u;vr;1|o - Ѵov lb;l0uov t†; mo -vbv|;m o mo ;v-
omঞm†-m7o1omѴov_-ѴѴ-Œ]ov;ml-|;ub-;7†1-ঞˆ-ķ;Ѵ |࢙mbmv1ub|ov;m1;m|uov;7†1-ঞˆov;m;Ѵr;ubo7oƑƏƐѵŊ
ƕѷ7;Ѵovlb;l0uov7;;v|ov_o]-u;vbmb1bॕv†v;v|†7bov ƑƏƐƕķ;ѴƒƐѷf†vঞC1ॕt†;7;fॕ7;-vbvঞuľr-u-|u-0-f-uĿķ
-r-uঞu7;ѴovѶ-ोovķvbm7b=;u;m1b-vl-u1-7-vrouv;Šoĺ -Ѵu;7;7ou7;†mƑƑѷ-u]†l;m|ॕľmot†;u;uv;]†bu;v|†-
v|ov7-|ovu;ˆ;Ѵ-mѴ-;Šbv|;m1b-7;u;Œ-]o;m;Ѵbmb1bo7; 7b-m7oĿķ;m|-m|ot†;†mƐƑѷbm7b1ॕľѴ-=-Ѵ|-7;u;1†uvov
Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm=oul-ѴķѴot†;ro7uझ-bm1b7bu;mѴ-vrovb0bѴb- ;1omॕlb1ovĿĺѴ-m-ѴbŒ-uѴ-v7b=;u;m1b-v;m|u;Ѵov]࣐m;uovķ
7-7;v7;7;v;u1bॕm;v1oѴ-u‹Ѵ-v1omv;1†;m|;vѴblb|-1bo- ;Ѵ|u-0-fou;ru;v;m|-;Ѵrubm1br-Ѵloঞˆor-u-Ѵov_ol0u;v
m;v;mѴ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;vĺ 1om†mƓƑѷķ;m|-m|or-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vѴo;v;Ѵľmot†;u;u

57
m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ bv|ub|o-1bom-Ѵķv;|u-|ॕl;|o7oѴॕ]b1-l;m|;1olo;v|u-|o7b=;u;m1b-7o7;Ѵ-v7;l࢙v࢙u;-vr-u-bm1Ѵ†bu;m;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;࢙u;-v†u0-mol-u]bm-Ѵ;v
1bu1†m7-m|;vor;ub=࣐ub1-v-Œom-v7;l-‹ou7;v-uuoѴѴo†u0-moķr;uo1om;Ѵ;ˆ-7ovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7‹l-u]bm-Ѵb7-7ĺ-u-;v|;1-voķv;;ˆ-Ѵ†ॕѴ-|-v-7;
bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-rou0-uubov7;;v|-7;l-u1-1bॕmķ‹-†mt†;moঞ;m;†m-;Ѵ;ˆ-7-bm1b7;m1b-7;;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐƐƓĺƖѷőķv;v;Ѵ;11bomॕrou
f;u-ut†झ-;m|࣐ulbmov7;7;mvb7-77;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-;Ѵ0-uubo olbm]o"-ˆboķt†;;v;Ѵv;]†m7o0-uubol࢙vro0u;7;Ѵ bv|ub|o-1bom-Ѵķ1omѴov|u;vv†0Ŋ0-uubovt†;
Ѵo1om=oul-m†-1_†rb|-ķov†-m7†Ѵ;v‹-b࣐m-]-ķr-u-bm1Ѵ†bu;m;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7bm࢙lb1-vru;v;m|;v;mŒom-v];o]u࢙C1-v7;Ѵ-Œom-l;|uoroѴb|-m-7;Ѵ-1b†7-7
1-rb|-Ѵķrou1om7b1bom;v7;l-u]bm-Ѵb7-7‹-Ѵ|-7;mvb7-7ro0Ѵ-1bom-Ѵĺ
58
m;=;1|oķv;]িm1b=u-v7;Ѵ- m1†;v|--1bom-Ѵ7; †;uŒ-7;$u-0-foƑƏƐѵŐ  $őķѴ-|-v-7;-m-Ѵ=-0;ঞvlov†r;uॕѴb];u-l;m|;;ѴѶѷ-mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-ѴŐƕĺƖѷ;m
;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v‹Ѷĺƒѷ;m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵov_ol0u;vőĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 61
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Gráfico 15

v;]†bu;v|†7b-m7oĿ1om;ѴƑѵѷĺ Ѵѵѷ7;Ѵovlb;l0uovmo INDICADORES DEL MERCADO DE


TRABAJO POR SEXO, AÑO 2017
;v|†7b-rou1-u;1;u7;-1|-7;m-1blb;m|oķvb|†-1bॕml࢙v
1olিm;mѴ-vl†f;u;vŐƖѷőt†;;mѴov_ol0u;vŐƓѷőĺ
Total †f;u Hombre

Ѵ;ˆ-Ѵ†-uѴ-v1om7b1bom;v7;-1ঞˆb7-77;Ѵovlb;l0uov
Tasa de 46
7;Ѵ_o]-uķu;v†Ѵ|-;ˆb7;m|;Ѵ-1om7b1bॕm7;ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7 m-1|bˆb7-7 61
25
;1omॕlb1-‹7;bmv;u1bॕm-Ѵl;u1-7o7;|u-0-fot†;Ѵov
1-u-1|;ubŒ-ĺ-|-v-7;o1†r-1bॕm59-Ѵ1-mŒ--r;m-vƔƏѷķ Tasa de 8
Desocupación 10
Ѵ- |-v- 7; bm-1ঞˆb7-7 ;Ѵ Ɠѵѷķ ;m |-m|o t†; Ѵ- |-v- 7; 6
7;vo1†r-1bॕmv;vb|ি-;mѶѷĺ
50
Tasa de
Ocupación
35
"bv;-m-ѴbŒ-m;v|-v1b=u-v7;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;]࣐m;uoķ 70

v;_-1;mmo|oub-vѴ-v7bvr-ub7-7;vt†;-=;1|-m-Ѵ-l†f;u 54
Tasa de Participación 39
-Ѵlol;m|o7;-11;7;u-Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵĺ m;=;1|oķѴ- Global 75
|-v-7;o1†r-1bॕm=;l;mbm-;v7;-r;m-vƒƔѷ=u;m|;-Ѵ
ƕƏѷ7;Ѵ-|-v-l-v1†Ѵbm-ķѴot†;7;l†;v|u-Ѵ-v;v1-v-v
†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ
orou|†mb7-7;v7;-11;vo-Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵ7;Ѵ-l†f;uĺ
]†-Ѵl;m|; v; ;ˆb7;m1b-m r-|uom;v vo1boŊ1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;v t†;
7; Ѵov fॕˆ;m;v ;m Ѵ- lbvl- vb|†-1bॕmĺ ; -1†;u7o - †m
1om7†1;m-Ѵ-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-77;]࣐m;uo1oml࢙v7;ѴѵƏѷ
estudio del Banco Mundial61, los factores de riesgo más
7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vu;-ѴbŒ-m7oѴovt†;_-1;u;v7;Ѵ_o]-uĺ
blrou|-m|;v-vo1b-7ov-Ѵ-1om7b1bॕm7;;mѴ-vl†-
60
ovņ-v fॕˆ;m;v t†; mo |u-0-f-m mb ;v|†7b-mķ ľ" Ŀķ f;u;vvom;Ѵl-|ublombo-m|;v7;ѴovƐѶ-ोov‹;Ѵ;l0-u--
u;ru;v;m|-m ;Ѵ ƒƐѷ 7; Ѵov fॕˆ;m;v ;m|u; ƐƔ‹ ƑƓ -ोov Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺl0ov=-1|ou;vu;=†;uŒ-mѴ-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7
u;vb7;m|;v ;m Ѵov _o]-u;v ;m1†;v|-7ovķ 1b=u- Ɛĺѵ ˆ;1;v 7; orou|†mb7-7;vķ‹ 1omvঞ|†‹;m ;Ѵ;l;m|ov ru;7b1|ou;v
v†r;ubout†;;Ѵruol;7bom-1bom-Ѵĺovfॕˆ;m;vt†;voѴo 7;;v|-1om7b1bॕm;m|u;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v7;ƐƔ-ƐѶ-ोov7;
;v|†7b-mu;ru;v;m|-m;ѴƒƓѷ‹-t†;ѴѴovt†;voѴo|u-0-f-m ;7-7ĺ]†-Ѵl;m|;ķѴ-1om7b1bॕm7;mo|u-0-f-umb;v|†7b-u
;ѴƑƒѷĺ ѴƐƑѷu;v|-m|;v;7;7b1--;v|†7b-u‹|u-0-f-uĺ 1om|ub0†‹; - r;ur;|†-u Ѵ- |u-mvlbvbॕm bm|;u];m;u-1bom-Ѵ
7;Ѵ-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-77;]࣐m;uo‹Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ĺ
†-m7o v; 1omvb7;u- Ѵ- 7bv|ub0†1bॕm 7; Ѵov " rou
v;Šoķv;o0v;uˆ-†m;Ѵ;ˆ-7orou1;m|-f;7;l†f;u;vfॕˆ;- mѴou;Ѵ-ঞˆo-Ѵ-1-|;]ouझ-o1†r-1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵovlb;l0uov
m;v;m|u;ƐƔ‹ƑƓ-ोov7;;7-7;m;v|-1om7b1bॕmĸ;=;1ঞ- 7;7b;Œ-ोov‹l࢙vķv;o0v;uˆ-t†;-Ѵu;7;7ou7;ѴƓƕѷ
ˆ-l;m|;ķ;Ѵƒƕѷ7;;v|-vfॕˆ;m;vmo|u-0-f-mmb;v|†7b-mķ bm7b1ॕ7;7b1-uv;-|u-0-fovrou1†;m|-ruorb-ķruorou1bॕm
v†r;u-m7o;m1-vbƑƔr†m|ovrou1;m|†-Ѵ;vѴ-ruorou1bॕm v†r;ubou-Ѵ-l;7b-m-1bom-Ѵĺouo|u-r-u|;ķ;ѴƑƕѷbm7b-

59
-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;m;7-77;|u-0-f-uŐ $ő;v|࢙1omvঞ|†b7-rouѴovlb;l0uov7;ƐƏ-ोov‹l࢙vĺ
60
$࣐ulbmo†ঞѴbŒ-7o;mѴov;v|†7bov7;Ѵ-olbvbॕm7;l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ő őr-u-u;=;ubu;Ѵruo0Ѵ;l-vo1b-Ѵ7;Ѵovfॕˆ;m;vt†;mb;v|†7b-mmb|u-0-f-m
7;molbm࢙m7ov;ľ"Ŀĺ
61
ĺŐƑƏƐѵőĺľ";ml࣐ub1--ঞm-ĹƑƏlbѴѴom;v7;fॕˆ;m;v;m0†v1-7;orou|†mb7-7;vĿĺ-m1om|;um-1bom-Ѵ7;!;1omv|u†11bॕm‹ ol;m|oņ-m1o†m7b-Ѵĺ
)-v_bm]|omĺ

62 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

1ॕ7;v;lr;ो-uv;1olo;lrѴ;-7o†o0u;uo;m;lru;v-v 0u;vőmoঞ;m;-11;vo-bm|;um;|mbrov;;|;Ѵ࣐=omo1;Ѵ†-
rubˆ-7-vķ;ѴƖѷ|u-0-f-0-;m;Ѵ]o0b;umo];m;u-Ѵo†m- Ѵ-uĺouv†r-u|;ķ;Ѵƒƒѷ7;Ѵovlb;l0uovঞ;m;-11;vo-
;lru;v-rি0Ѵb1-ķ;m|-m|ot†;ro1ol࢙v7;ѴƐѷv;ो-- 1;Ѵ†Ѵ-uķƔѷ-11;7;-bm|;um;|7;v7;Ѵ-1-v-ķ;m†m1;m|uo
Ѵॕ v;u ;lrѴ;-7ouĺ v|- lbvl- 7bv|ub0†1bॕm v; ;ˆb7;m1b- o7;v7;;Ѵ1;Ѵ†Ѵ-uķ;m|-m|ot†;;Ѵu;v|-m|;Ɛƕѷ-11;7;
-Ѵ7;v-]u;]-urou]࣐m;uo1om†m-7b=;u;m1b-u;ˆ;Ѵ-7ou-Ĺ rou-l0ovl;7bovĺov7-|ov7;v-]u;]-7ovrou]࣐m;uo
;Ѵ ƐƏѷ 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ;m1†;v|-7-v v;ो-Ѵॕ t†; |u-0-f- l†;v|u-mt†;ķ;m;v|ov_o]-u;vķѴ-l†f;uঞ;m;†ml-‹ou
1olo ;lrѴ;-7- 7; †m _o]-u rubˆ-7oķ ruorou1bॕm t†; -11;vo-Ѵ-v$;m1olr-u-1bॕm1om;Ѵ_ol0u;ĺ
voѴo-Ѵ1-mŒ-;ѴƑѷ;m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵov_ol0u;vĺ
ő lro7;u-lb;m|o‹];m1b-
!;vr;1|o -Ѵ mbˆ;Ѵ 7; =oul-Ѵb7-7 7; Ѵ- o1†r-1bॕmķ v;
1olruo0ॕt†;;ѴƔƓѷ7;Ѵovlb;l0uovo1†r-7ovv;ो-- om;Ѵruorॕvb|o7;;ŠrѴou-uˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v7;0b;m;v|-uv†0-
Ѵॕ1-u;1;u7;1om|u-|o7;|u-0-foĺ ;-t†;ѴѴovt†;vझѴo f;ঞˆoķ v; bm7-]ॕ vo0u; rѴ-m;v 7;ˆb7-ķ 7bv1ublbm-1bॕm‹
ঞ;m;mķl࢙v7;ѴѶѷvoѴo1†;m|-1om†m1om|u-|oˆ;u0-Ѵĺ ˆboѴ;m1b-u;rou|-7-vrouѴ-vl†f;u;v;mѴov;m|oumov;m
]†-Ѵl;m|;ķv;o0v;uˆ-t†;;ѴƐƖѷ7;Ѵovlb;l0uovt†; Ѵovt†;v;7;v;mˆ†;Ѵˆ;mĺ
|u-0-f-ou;-ѴbŒ-†m--1ঞˆb7-7ruo7†1ঞˆ-ঞ;m;-CѴb-1bॕm
m;v|;v;mঞ7oķ;ѴƐƓѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;Šru;v-m_-0;u
-†mv;]†uo7;v-Ѵ†7ķ;ѴƐƏѷ1†;m|-1om†mrѴ-m7;r;m-
v†=ub7o7bv1ublbm-1bॕmrou;v|-u;l0-u-Œ-7-ķ1oml-Ѵ|u--
vbॕmķ;ѴƖѷ1omv;]†uo7;ˆb7-‹;ѴƔѷ1omo|uovrѴ-m;v
|oˆ;u0-Ѵ o ࣱvb1oĺ ; ;v|-vķ ;Ѵ ƒƓѷ u;1b0bॕ l-Ѵ|u-|o 7;
7;ruo|;11bॕmĺ v|ovbm7b1-7ou;v-r†m|-m-†m;Ѵ;ˆ-7o
r-u|;7;v†vr-7u;vo|†|ou;vķ;ѴƒƔѷrour-u|;7;o|uov
mbˆ;Ѵ 7;ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7 ;m ;Ѵ ;lrѴ;o =oul-Ѵ t†; r†;7;
=-lbѴb-u;vķ‹ƒƐѷ=†;o0f;|o7;0†uѴ-vobmv†Ѵ|ov7;1ol-
;v|-u-vo1b-7o-Ѵblb|-1bom;v;mѴ-v†r;u-1bॕm7;Ѵ-ro-
r-ो;uovo-lb]ovĺ
0u;Œ-ķ;m|-m|ot†;u;7†1;mѴ-1-r-1b7-77;u;vbѴb;m1b-
7;Ѵ-v=-lbѴb-vr-u-;m=u;m|-u1_ot†;v-7ˆ;uvovĺ

-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-77;]࣐m;uo|-l0b࣐mv;u;Y;f-;mѴ-ˆ†Ѵ- Gráfico 16
m;u-0bѴb7-7Ѵ-0ou-Ѵĺ m;=;1|oķ†ml-‹ourou1;m|-f;7; ! " !" 
l†f;u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vv;ो-Ѵॕ1-u;1;u7;1om|u-|ooro- "!ࠎ"& ! 
v;;u 1om|u-|ovˆ;u0-Ѵ;v‹ 7; 1ou|- 7†u-1bॕmķ -vझ 1olo ESTAR EMBARAZADA, AÑO 2017ņƐ
†m-l;mouruorou1bॕm7;-CѴb-1bॕm-rѴ-m;v7;r;mvbॕmĺ
Abuso de otros familiares 35%
†-m7ov;-m-ѴbŒ-m;m1omf†m|oķ;ѴƕƖѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v
0†voˆ;u0-Ѵo=झvb1o7; 34%
o1†r-7-v-Culॕ1-u;1;u7;|o7ovѴov0;m;C1bovѴ-0o- padres o tutores

u-Ѵ;vŐv;]†uo7;v-Ѵ†7ķrѴ-m7;r;mvbॕmķv;]†uo7;ˆb7- 19%
Expulsión de casa
‹o|uov0;m;C1bovőĺ Burlas e insultos de 31%
1olr-ो;uovņ-lb]ov
Ѵ-11;vo-Ѵ-v|;1moѴo]झ-v7;Ѵ-bm=oul-1bॕm‹1ol†mb1-- 14%
Expulsión de la escuela
1bॕmŐ$ő1omvঞ|†‹;†ml;7bor-u-=-1bѴb|-u;Ѵ7;v-uuo-
ƏĺƏѷ ƐƏĺƏѷ ƑƏĺƏѷ ƒƏĺƏѷ ƓƏĺƏѷ
ѴѴo7;Ѵ-v1-r-1b7-7;v_†l-m-vĺov7-|ov7;ubˆ-7ov7;
Ѵ-;m1†;v|-;ˆb7;m1b-mt†;;ѴƓƔѷ7;Ѵovlb;l0uov7;
†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ
;v|ov_o]-u;vŐƓƑѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v‹;ѴƓƖѷ7;Ѵov_ol- ņƐĹ-ru;]†m|--1;r|-l࢙v7;†m-u;vr†;v|-ĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 63
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

- bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm v;ो-Ѵ- t†; -Ѵu;7;7ou 7; ƑƏѷ 7; Ѵ-v Gráfico 17
l†f;u;v ;m1†;v|-7-v -Cul-uom t†; v†v r-7u;v Ѵ-v ;Š- BRECHA DE ASEGURAMIENTO POR
r†Ѵv-uom7;Ѵ_o]-uĺ m-7b1bॕmķ;ѴƐƔѷ7;Ѵ-vl-7u;vbm- CICLO DE VIDA
ˆ;vঞ]-7-vbm7b1ॕ_-0;uvb7o;Šr†Ѵv-7-7;Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-62, lo
t†;ˆ†Ѵm;u-v†v7;u;1_ov‹7bvlbm†‹;v†vorou|†mb7-7;v ѶƏĺƏѷ
68%
r-u-1omv|u†bu1-r-1b7-7;v‹u;vbѴb;m1b-ĺ
ѵƏĺƏѷ 54%

ѴƐƑѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;bm7b1-uom_-0;uvb7ol-Ѵ|u-Ŋ 37% 36%


ƓƏĺƏѷ
|-7-vķvoѴb1b|ॕ-‹†7---Ѵ]†m-bmvঞ|†1bॕmobmv|-m1b-rিŊ
22% 18% 16%
0Ѵb1-ķ=u;m|;-ѴѶѶķt†;mo|olॕѴ-7;1bvbॕm7;-1†7bu- ƑƏĺƏѷ

bmvঞ|†1bom;vķ†ou]-mbvlov7;-‹†7-‹7;=;mvouझ-7;v†v
ƏĺƏѷ
7;u;1_ovĺ 0-5 6-11 12-19 20-29 30-49 50-64 ѵƔ‹l࢙v

-u-Œॕm7;l-‹our;vot†;f†vঞC1-;Ѵmo-1†7bu-0†v1-u †;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

-‹†7-;m|u;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v;vľrout†;moѴo1omvb7;u-0-
m;1;v-uboĿķu;rou|-7orou;ѴƔƐѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vķѴot†;v†]b;-
u;†m-u;7†1b7-1-r-1b7-77;-];m1b-7;;v|;]u†roĺ m|࣐ulbmov7;-v;]†u-lb;m|o;mv-Ѵ†7ķv;u;]bv|u-†m-
0u;1_-7;ƓƓѷ;mѴov_o]-u;vĺ†-m7ov;ruo=†m7bŒ-rou
Las principales limitantes para formular las denuncias son
1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-;Ѵ1olrou|-lb;m|o;vru;o1†r-m|;rou1om-
;Ѵmo|;m;u1omo1blb;m|o7om7;-1†7buŐƑѵѷőķ‹;m|;m7;u
centrarse más en edades tempranas, como en la primera
t†;ľmov;uझ-7;†ঞѴb7-7ĿŐƐƒѷőĺ v|obm7b1-t†;;Šbv|;m
bm=-m1b-ķmbो;Œ‹-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ63
0u;1_-v 7; orou|†mb7-7 7; Ѵ-v roѴझঞ1-v r-u- bm1b7bu ;m
-ruoŠbl-uѴ-o=;u|-7;;v|;ঞro7;v;uˆb1bov-Ѵ-v1ol†- mѴo1om1;umb;m|;-Ѵ-lou|-Ѵb7-7;mѴ-mbो;Œķ;Ѵƕѷ7;
mb7-7;vĺ bm-Ѵl;m|;ķ;Ѵƕѷ7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vu;rou|ॕ Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m;7-7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-64;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vv;ो-Ѵॕ
t†;moѴo_bŒorouˆ;u]ু;mŒ-ĺ ;Ѵ=-ѴѴ;1blb;m|o7;†m_bfoo_bf-l;mou7;ѵ-ोovĺ

ő(b7-7b]m-‹7;u;1_ov m|࣐ulbmov7;v;]†ub7-7-Ѵbl;m|-ub-65ķ-ruoŠbl-7-l;m-
|;o1_o7;1-7-7b;Œ_o]-u;vo0f;|o7;;v|†7bou;rou|--
-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmruo=†m7bŒॕ;m7;|;ulbm-u-Ѵ]†m-v1-u-1- uom-Ѵ]িmঞro7;ru;o1†r-1bॕmrouѴ-v†C1b;m1b-7;Ѵov
|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵ0b;m;v|-u‹7;ѴѴo]uo7;ˆb7-v7b]m-vr-u-Ѵov -Ѵbl;m|ov‹Ѵ-blrovb0bѴb7-77;o0|;m;ul࢙vĺ v|-vb|†--
_bfov;_bf-v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vĺ 1bॕm;vl࢙vmo|oub-;mѴov_o]-u;v7;f;=-|†u-=;l;mbm-ķ

62
Ѵ1om1;r|o7;;Šr†Ѵvbॕm7;Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ--t†झ;Šru;v-7oķ;v†m--Cul-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vruorb-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v-Ѵv;u1†;vঞom-7-vvo0u;;Ѵঞro7;7bv1ublbm-1bॕm7;Ѵ-
t†;=†;uomo0f;|o-Ѵlol;m|o7;v†rubl;u;l0-u-Œo‹ro7uझ-bm1Ѵ†bu--t†;ѴѴ-vt†;7;1b7b;uom-†|o;Š1Ѵ†buv;7;Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-;m;v;lol;m|oĺ(࣐-v;;m-m;Šo
l;|o7oѴॕ]b1o;Ѵ1†;vঞom-ubo-rѴb1-7o-Ѵov_o]-u;vķru;]†m|-vƐƑƏŊƐƑƐĺĺ
63
m-]ov|oƑƏƐѵķ;Ѵ";]†uo-1bom-Ѵ7;"-Ѵ†7Ő";-"-őCulॕ†m-1†;u7o1om;Ѵmvঞ|†|o-1bom-Ѵ7;|;m1bॕmm|;]u-Ѵ-Ѵ-ubl;u-m=-m1b-Őő;m7om7;v;
1olruol;ঞॕ--CѴb-u-o|uovƐƏƏlbѴmbोovl;mou;v;m;7-7;v;m|u;ƏŊƔ-ोovķ‹v†v=-lbѴb-u;v;m;Ѵ!࣐]bl;m"†0vb7b-7ot†;l-m;f-;v|-!"ķ-vझ1olo|o7ov
-t†;ѴѴovt†;1-ѴbCt†;m;m;Ѵঞ;lro7;ˆb];m1b-7;Ѵ1omˆ;mboĺ";;mঞ;m7;t†;bmb1b-ঞˆ-v1olo࣐v|-vro7uझ-m-rou|-u_-1b-Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;;v|-0u;1_-ĺ
64
†f;u;v;m|u;Ɛѵ‹ƓƖ-ोov7;;7-7ĺ
65
-bmv;]†ub7-7-Ѵbl;m|-ub-ķrouv†r-u|;ķ;Šru;v-7-1oloѴ-=u;1†;m1b-;mt†;Ѵovlb;l0uov7;Ѵ_o]-uv;_-mˆbv|o;mѴ-m;1;vb7-77;ru;v1bm7bu7;-Ѵ]†m-7;Ѵ-v
1olb7-v;m;ѴিѴঞlol;vķ;v†mbm7b1-7out†;r†;7;-r†m|-u_-1b-Ѵ-v7;C1b;m1b-vm†|ub1bom-Ѵ;v7;Ѵ-vŒom-v;v|†7b-7-vĺ

64 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Gráfico 18 ;m|u;ƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोovv;1oѴo1-;mƐѵѷķѴ-l;mouruorou1bॕm
! $     $  ;m|u;|o7ovѴov]u†rovĸrouv†r-u|;ķ;Ѵ7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v;m-
NIÑOS MENORES DE 6 AÑOS POR EDAD |u;Ɛѵ‹ƐƖ-ोovķ-v1b;m7;-ƑƑѷĺ-1b=u-l࢙v-Ѵ|-1ouu;v-
DE LA MADRE AL MOMENTO DE SU rom7;-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vl-‹ou;v7;ƓƏ-ोov1om;ѴƓƖѷĺ
PRIMER EMBARAZO
ou o|u- r-u|;ķ Ѵ- 7o1†l;m|-1bॕm 7; Ѵov lb;l0uov 7;Ѵ
8%
7.0%
_o]-u1omvঞ|†‹;†m7;u;1_o=†m7-l;m|-Ѵt†;=-1bѴb|-;Ѵ
6%
-11;vo - v;uˆb1bov rি0Ѵb1ov 0࢙vb1ov r-u- -v;]†u-uˆb7-v
4% 7b]m-vĺѴu;7;7ou7;ѴƖƓѷ7;Ѵovlb;l0uov;v|࢙m7;1Ѵ--
2%
2% Gráfico 19
0% INSEGURIDAD ALIMENTARIA POR
12-19 20 ó más
 $&! !
Edad al momento del primer embarazo
Jefatura Masculina Jefatura Femenina
†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ
100%
80%
80% 73%
66%
59%
60% 53% 54%
1om†m-bm1b7;m1b-7;ѴѶƏѷ=u;m|;-Ѵƕƒѷ7;Ѵov_o]-u;v 40%
20%
7;f;=-|†u-l-v1†Ѵbm-ĺ
0%
Preocupación mv;]†ub7-7 mv;]†ub7-7
;_;1_oķ;Ѵѵѵѷ7;Ѵov_o]-u;v1omf;=-|†u-=;l;mbm- rouѴ-v†C1b;m1b- alimentaria alimentaria
7;1olb7-‹;Ѵ adultos mbोov‹mbो-v
u;]bv|uॕѴ-ru;v;m1b-7;bmv;]†ub7-7-Ѵbl;m|-ub-;m|u;Ѵov temor de no poder
-7†Ѵ|ovu;vb7;m|;vķ;m|-m|ot†;l࢙v7;Ѵ-lb|-7bm=oulॕ obtener más

t†;Ѵovmbोovņ-v7;Ѵ_o]-u7;f-uom7;bm];ubu-Ѵ]†m-7; †;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ


Ѵ-v|u;v1olb7-v7;Ѵ7झ-ĺm|;Ѵ-l;moul-]mb|†77;Ѵ-v
1b=u-vu;rou|-7-vrouѴov_o]-u;v1omf;=-|†u-l-v1†Ѵbm-ķ
Gráfico 20
estos indicadores sugieren la presencia de una brecha de
! $  & ! " & 
]࣐m;uot†;ro7uझ-;ŠrѴb1-uv;rou7b=;u;m1b-v7;bm]u;vo
UTILIZÓ NINGÚN MÉTODO
‹orou|†mb7-7;v;m|u;Ѵ-vf;=-v7;_o]-u‹v†v;t†bˆ-Ѵ;m-
ANTICONCEPTIVO TRAS EL PRIMER
|;vl-v1†Ѵbmovĺ EMBARAZO, POR GRUPO DE EDAD

m u;Ѵ-1bॕm -Ѵ -11;vo - bm=oul-1bॕm vo0u; v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ 60%


49%
‹ u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ ;Ѵ ƔƔѷ 7; |o7-v Ѵ-v l†f;u;v -Culॕ mo 40%
40%
_-0;uu;1b0b7obm=oul-1bॕm7;;v|;ঞroĺomu;Ѵ-1bॕm- 22% 22%
16%
20%
Ѵovl࣐|o7ov7;ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķ;ѴƑƑѷ7;Ѵ-v
0%
;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vv;ो-Ѵॕt†;mo†ঞѴbŒॕmbm]িml࣐|o7o-mঞ- 16-19 20-30 31-40 41-49 Todas
1om1;rঞˆo7;vr†࣐v7;v†rubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺ"ommo|oub-v Grupo por edad
Ѵ-v7b=;u;m1b-vt†;l†;v|u-;v|;bm7b1-7ou1†-m7ov;7;v-
†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ
1olrom;rou]u†rov7;;7-7Ĺ;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;l†f;u;v

CAPÍTULO 2 65
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

u-7ov1om-1|-7;m-1blb;m|o‹ঞ;m;m1࣐7†Ѵ-ķvbm7b=;-
u;m1b-vvb]mbC1-ঞˆ-vrouv;Šoĺ m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵovlb;l- Recuadro 7
0uovl;mou;v7;Ɣ-ोovķ;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;mbोov‹mbो-v ߈   (& !   ! $ 
1om-1|-7;m-1blb;m|ov;u;7†1;-ѴƖƏѷķvbm;ˆb7;m1b-u-   & " $ࠎ" 
v;7b=;u;m1b-v;m|u;mbो-v‹mbोovĺ ,"&!҃! "

;-1†;u7o-Ѵ߈m7b1;7;(†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7=u;m|;-_ot†;v
(őmˆ;uvbॕmvo1b-Ѵ;bm=u-;v|u†1|†u-
Ѵbl-|oѴॕ]b1ov Ő(őķ ;m Ѵov Ƒƕ l†mb1brbov bmˆ;vঞ]--
Propio de los territorios donde hay una alta densidad 7ov ;Šbv|; †m -Ѵ|o mbˆ;Ѵ 7; ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7ĺ Ѵ ( ;m

de pobreza, los indicadores relacionados con la infraes- ;v|-v 7;l-u1-1bom;v v†r;u- ;m ƐƓѷ ;Ѵ ˆ-Ѵou ruol;7bo
7;ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7;mѴov_o]-u;v7;Ѵr-झvķ;m|-m|ot†;;Ѵ
|u†1|†u-‹Ѵ-bmˆ;uvbॕmvo1b-ѴvomѴblb|-7ovĺ ѴƓƓѷ7;Ѵ-v
ƓƏѷ7;v†vu;vb7;m|;v1omˆbˆ;;mŒom-v7;-Ѵ|-bm|;mvb7-7
ˆbˆb;m7-vvom7;|;m;m1b-ruorb-ķl-‹oul;m|;1omv|u†b-
7;ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7ŋ1om†m(v†r;ubou-ѴƏĺƕŊu;]bv-
7-vvo0u;|;uu;moruorboķlb;m|u-vt†;;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;
|u-m7oƐƏr†m|ovrou1;m|†-Ѵ;vl࢙vt†;;Ѵˆ-Ѵoum-1bom-Ѵ
ˆbˆb;m7-v;m-Ѵt†bѴ;u;v7;ƒѶѷķ‹Ѵ-v1;7b7-voru;v|-7-v ŐƒƏѷőķ‹rou|-m|o1oml-‹ouruo0-0bѴb7-77;1olruol;-
=†;uomu;rou|-7-v;m;ѴƐƖѷ7;Ѵov1-vovĺ-rov;vbॕm |;uv†v-1ঞˆov‹l;7bov7;ˆb7-=u;m|;-|oul;m|-vķ_†u--
7;-1ঞˆovࣱvb1ovrour-u|;7;Ѵov_o]-u;vķ1oloѴ-ˆb- 1-m;v;bm†m7-1bom;vĺ
ˆb;m7-ruorb-ķ;vu;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;‹-t†;1om|ub0†‹;-u;7†1bu
Ѵ-vruo0-0bѴb7-7;v7;ruo=†m7bŒ-uѴ-ro0u;Œ-‹--louঞ-
]†-uѴ-vˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7;v7;v†vlb;l0uov-m|;;ˆ;m|ov
-7ˆ;uvovĺ66 Gráfico 21
CONDICIONES DE VIVIENDA EN
En los entornos familiares donde habitan las adoles-
HOGARES ENCUESTADOS, AÑO 2017
1;m|;v v; b7;mঞC1-m 1-u;m1b-v ;m Ѵ- 1omv|u†11bॕm 7;
83%
Ѵ-vˆbˆb;m7-vķu-v]o;ˆb7;m1b-7orour-u;7;vru;1-ub-v‹
l-|;ub-Ѵ;vˆ†Ѵm;u-0Ѵ;v‹ro1ou;vbv|;m|;vĺvblbvloķ;Ѵ
ѶƓѷ7;Ѵov|;1_ov_-mvb7o1omv|u†b7ov1omŒbm1ŐѶƑĺƒѷőķ
-v0;v|oŊ1;l;m|oŐƏĺѵѷőķ‹-]†-o1-ो-ŐƏĺѵѷőķt†;o=u;- 33%

1;m0-f-ruo|;11bॕm-v†vo1†r-m|;v-m|;Ѵov=;mॕl;mov
1Ѵbl-|oѴॕ]b1ovt†;1oml-‹oubm|;mvb7-7blr-1|-m;v|-v 4%

1ol†mb7-7;v;m1om7b1bom;v7;ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7;1omॕlb-
Material de paredes -|;ub-Ѵ7;|;1_ov Material de pisos
1-‹l;7bo-l0b;m|-Ѵĺ (madera, tabla (zinc, asbesto- Őঞ;uu-ő
de palma, zinc, 1;l;m|oķ‹-]†-ņ
|;f-l-mbѴķo|uoő cana)
mѴot†;u;vr;1|--Ѵovl-|;ub-Ѵ;v7;1omv|u†11bॕm7;
Ѵovrbvovķv;r†7o1omv|-|-ut†;Ѵ-vˆbˆb;m7-v1omrbvo †;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ
7;ঞ;uu-u;ru;v;m|-m;ѴƓѷ7;Ѵ|o|-ѴķѴot†;1omvঞ|†‹;

66
& ĺŐƑƏƐѵőĺľm=oul;!;]bom-Ѵvo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mor-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ķuo]u;vo†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴĹ0b;m;v|-ul࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵbm]u;voĿĺ;‰+ouhĺ

66 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

ou ;f;lrѴoķ ;m ;Ѵ 1-vo 7;Ѵ bv|ub|o


PROVINCIA DISTRITO NACIONAL: POBLACIÓN DEL BARRIO
-1bom-Ѵķ;vr;1झC1-l;m|;;m;Ѵ0-uubo
"( & ! (  (ĺ
olbm]o "-ˆboķ 1-vb Ѵ- lb|-7 7; Ѵov
_o]-u;v u;]bv|u-m mbˆ;Ѵ;v 7; ˆ†Ѵm;u--
;mou-ƏĺƔƑƓ
28% 0bѴb7-7 -Ѵ|ov ; bm|;ul;7bovĺ - o1†-
Őmbˆ;Ѵ0-foő
24% uu;m1b- 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; ;m

;ƏĺƔƑƓ-ƏĺƕƏƏ ;v|;1om|;Š|o_-1;-িml࢙v=u-]bѴ;vѴ-v
Őmbˆ;Ѵbm|;ul;7boő 1om7b1bom;v vo1bo;1omॕlb1-v 7; Ѵov
_o]-u;vķ‹-t†;-m|;1†-Ѵt†b;u;ˆ;m|o
-‹ou-ƏĺƕƏƏ _b7uoŊl;|;ouoѴॕ]b1oķ;Ѵ;l;m|ov1olo
9% Ő-Ѵ|-ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7ő -1ঞˆov7;Ѵ_o]-uot†;ruoˆ;;m1-r--
1b7-77;bm]u;voķv;ˆ;uझ-mv;ub-l;m|;
Sin información -=;1|-7ovĺ Ѵ]u࢙C1ol†;v|u-t†;1-vb
Ѵ-lb|-77;Ѵov_o]-u;vŐ-Ѵu;7;7ou7;Ѵ
ƓƖѷő u;]bv|u-m mbˆ;Ѵ;v 7; ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb-
†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕm& "-r-uঞu7;7-|ov7;Ѵ
40% "& ĺ 7-7-Ѵ|ov;bm|;ul;7bovĺ

†m ub;v]o 7; |u-mvlbvbॕm 7; ;m=;ul;7-7;v 1om l-‹ou ub;v]ooˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7-7b1bom-Ѵĺ m;=;1|oķ;mѴo1om1;u-
blr-1|o;m;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;Ѵ-rubl;u-bm=-m1b-ĺouo|uoѴ-7oķ mb;m|;-Ѵ-1omˆbˆ;m1b-;bm|;u-11bॕm;m|u;Ѵovlb;l0uov
-Ѵu;7;7ou7;ѴƒƏѷ7;Ѵov_o]-u;v;m1†;v|-7ovˆbˆ;m;m 7;Ѵov_o]-u;vķ;Ѵ_-1bm-lb;m|ou;7†1;Ѵ-1-Ѵb7-77;ˆb7-
1om7b1bॕm7;_-1bm-lb;m|o67ĺ m1olr-u-1bॕm1omѴ-ruo- ‹7bC1†Ѵ|-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;Ѵ-v-1ঞˆb7-7;v1oঞ7b-m-vrouѴ-

rou1bॕm7;_o]-u;v1om_-1bm-lb;m|o-mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-Ѵ7; Ѵblb|-1bॕm7;Ѵ;vr-1boķ-=;1|-m7o;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴorvb1oѴॕ]b1o
ƐƐѷ68ķ Ѵov _o]-u;v bmˆ;vঞ]-7ov 1-vb |ubrѴb1-m ;v|- 1om- ‹vo1b-Ѵ7;v†vlb;l0uovĺ ;_;1_oķv;_-u;Ѵ-1bom-7o
el hacinamiento con la probabilidad de incidir en la re-
7b1bॕmŐƑĺƕˆ;1;vőĺ"bm;l0-u]oķv;7;0;ru;1bv-ut†;;Ѵ
rb|;m1b- ‹ -0-m7omo ;vr;1b-Ѵl;m|; 7; Ѵ- ro0Ѵ-1bॕm ;m
ѵƒѷ7;Ѵov_o]-u;v;m1†;v|-7ovmoru;v;m|-1om7b1bo-
edad escolar69ķѴblb|-m7oѴ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v
m;v7;_-1bm-lb;m|oĺ
‹ruoloˆb;m7o7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v-=†|†uorouѴ-vu;v|ub11bo-
";u;v-Ѵ|-t†;;m|u;Ѵ-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vt†;;Šru;v-mѴovmbˆ;- m;v7;bmv;u1bॕmruo7†1ঞˆ-‹7;v-uuoѴѴovo1b-Ѵrov|;ubou
les de precariedad y pobreza, el hacinamiento agrega un al sistema escolar70ĺ

67
-u-;Ѵ1࢙Ѵ1†Ѵo7;;v|-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;bm|;uˆb;m;m;Ѵmিl;uo7;r;uvom-v7;Ѵ_o]-u‹Ѵ-v࢙u;-v7;Ѵ-ˆbˆb;m7-†ঞѴbŒ-7-v1olo7oulb|oubovĺ ;-1†;u7o-Ѵu;v†Ѵ|-7o7;Ѵ-
ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v;1Ѵ-vbC1-mѴov_o]-u;v;mbĺ_-1bm-7oĸ;m|u;ƒ‹Ɣr;uvom-vrou7oulb|ouboķbbĺmo_-1bm-7oblrѴb1-l;mov7;ƒr;uvom-vrou7oulb|oubo‹bbbĺ_-1bm-lb;m|o
;Š|u;loķl࢙v7;Ɣr;uvom-vrou7oulb|ouboĺ
68
࢙Ѵ1†Ѵovu;-ѴbŒ-7ov†ঞѴbŒ-m7oѴ-0-v;7;7-|ov7;Ѵ- m1†;v|--1bom-Ѵ7; †;uŒ-7;$u-0-fo7;Ѵ-m1o;m|u-Ѵķ-ोoƑƏƐѵĺ
69
-Œ|l-mķ!†0࣐mĺŐƐƖƖƕőĺ-l;7b1bॕm7;Ѵ-vm;1;vb7-7;v0࢙vb1-vbmv-ঞv=;1_-v;mѴov1;mvov7;ro0Ѵ-1bॕmķrĺƒƏĺ
70
olbvbॕm 1omॕlb1-r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ő-ोoƑƏƏƏőĺ t†b7-7ķ7;v-uuoѴѴo‹1b†7-7-mझ-ĺ࣐Šb1oĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 67
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

  " ƓĺƐѷ $  " $ !!

DE LOS HOGARES  ! " &!   $!


ƔƔĺƐѷ !" &$"

 ! " &!   $!


ƔƔĺƏѷ ࠃ"ņ"

  "   "  "


ƕƏĺƏѷ  $ !!  " &!    $!
ࠃ"ņ"ĺ

$   $
ƐƐĺƏѷ
ƑƖĺѶѷ ƕĺѵѷ  $
( 
ƒ*_-0b|-1bॕm Ɣ*_-0b|-1bॕm

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-‹7;Ѵ-  $ĺ

m;v|ov1om|;Š|ov7;ro0u;Œ-ķ;Ѵ_-1bm-lb;m|ov;-vo1b- l;7b7-Ѵ-Ѵ;|ubm-ŐƒѶѷőo1-u;1;7;1†-Ѵt†b;uvbv|;l-7;
1omo|uov;=;1|ov7;ˆ†Ѵm;u-1bॕm7;7;u;1_ov7;Ѵ-mbो;Œ ;Š1u;|-vŐƖѷőĺ7;l࢙v†m-ruorou1bॕm7;ƑƏѷv;ˆ;m;m
‹-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ1†-m7o1omˆbˆ;m;m_-1bm-lb;m|o;Š|u;- Ѵ-m;1;vb7-77;1olr-uঞuv†v;uˆb1bov-mb|-uboĺ
lolb;l0uov7;Ѵ_o]-u7;7b=;u;m|;vv;Šov‹7;7bvঞm-
ou o|uo Ѵ-7oķ -Ѵ -m-ѴbŒ-u Ѵ- |;m;m1b- 7; -1ঞˆov‹ ;t†b-
|or-u;m|;v1oĺѴ1-u-1|;ubŒ-uѴ-f;=-|†u-7;Ѵov_o]-u;v
r-lb;m|o ;m Ѵov _o]-u;v v; o0v;uˆ- t†; l࢙v 7;Ѵ ѵƏѷ
rouv;Šoķv;o0v;uˆ-t†;-t†;ѴѴov1omf;=-|†u-l-v1†Ѵbm-
rov;;-uঠ1†Ѵov0࢙vb1ov71ĸ;ѴѶƑѷ1†;m|-1om-Ѵl;mov†m
presentan cifras de hacinamiento superiores a los hoga-
|;Ѵ;ˆbvou;m=†m1bom-lb;m|o‹†mƖƒѷrov;;†m-;v|†=-ĺ
u;v1omf;=-|†u-=;l;mbm-ĺ v|ov7-|ovvom1omvbv|;m|;v
;Ѵov-uঠ1†Ѵov1omvb7;u-7ov1ololo7;umovķѴ-vruo-
con las cifras nacionales de hacinamiento en zonas de
rou1bom;vvoml࢙v0-f-vĸ;m;=;1|o|-mvoѴo;ѴѶ7;1-7-
ro0u;Œ-ĺ
ƐƏƏ _o]-u;v 1†;m|- 1om †m 1olr†|-7ou r;uvom-Ѵķ †m-
Ѵ -m-ѴbŒ-u =†;m|;v 7; -]†- ro|-0Ѵ; 7; Ѵ- ˆbˆb;m7-ķ ;Ѵ 1b=u-vblbѴ-urov;;ˆ;_झ1†ѴoŐ-†|olॕˆbѴolo|o1b1Ѵ;|-őķ;m
ѵѶѷ7;Ѵov_o]-u;v;m1†;v|-7ov1-u;1;7;†mv;uˆb1bo |-m|ot†;-r;m-v;ѴƓѷঞ;m;†m-bu;-1om7b1bom-7o;m
7;-]†-ro|-0Ѵ;7;Ѵ-u;7rি0Ѵb1-ķƓƕѷ†ঞѴbŒ-;ml-‹ou ;Ѵ_o]-uĺ

71
Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm†ঞѴbŒ-7-;mѴ-vl;7b1bom;v7;Ѵ߈m7b1;7;-Ѵb7-77;(b7-ķ-r--1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵ-o0u;Œ-‹;lrѴ;-7-rou;Ѵ"bv|;l-࡛mb1o7;;m;C1b-ubov;m;Ѵ
vbv|;l-7;=o1-ѴbŒ-1bॕmĺ

68 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Gráfico 22 Costos de oportunidad para el Desarrollo


 "" !("‫ ""ܬ‬ †l-morou;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;Ĺ
HOGARES ENCUESTADOS, AÑO 2017 b=;u;m1b-v;m|u;l†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ-
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ˆ;uv†v-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;m
68% la etapa posterior a la adolescencia

47% El análisis del costo de oportunidad del embarazo en la


adolescencia en el desarrollo humano se ha realizado a
17% r-uঞu7;Ѵ-1olr-u-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ƑƏ‹ƒƏ
-ोovo0f;|o7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm7;-1†;u7o-v†;7-7
-Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-ŒoŊ;m|u;ѴovƐƑ‹ƐƖ
"bmv;uˆb1bo "bm1ol0†vঞ0Ѵ; "bmv;uˆb1bo -ोov Ő]u†ro |u-|-lb;m|oő o 7; ƑƏ - ƒƏ -ोov Ő]u†ro
7;-]†-ro|-0Ѵ; para cocinar v-mb|-uboՆঞѴbŒ-
desde la red pública (carbón o leña) Ѵ;|ubm-omoঞ;m;ő 1om|uoѴő72ĺ vঞl-uѴ-v7b=;u;m1b-v;m|u;-l0ov]u†rov
de las opciones y disponibilidad de instrumentos para
†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ
1omv|u†bu1-r-1b7-7;v7;;Ѵ;11bॕm;mb]†-Ѵ;v1om|;Š-
|ovķr;ulb|;-ruoŠbl-uѴ-vorou|†mb7-7;vr;u7b7-v;m
Gráfico 23 |࣐ulbmov7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo1olo†m;=;1|o7;ub-
& $ "! " ˆ-7o7;Ѵlol;m|o;m;Ѵt†;o1†uu;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ-u-
ENCUESTADOS, AÑO 2017 ;vঞl-uѴ-v7b=;u;m1b-v7;orou|†mb7-7;vr-u--l0ov
grupos se han realizado una serie de pruebas eco-

Computadora
mol࣐|ub1-v‹ lo7;Ѵov 7; ruo0-0bѴb7-7 t†; r;ulb|;m
8%
!$߈&"
 !"

b7;mঞC1-uѴov=-1|ou;vt†;ru;7bvrom;m-Ѵ-o1†uu;m1b-
Aire 7;Ѵ;ˆ;m|oķ‹Ѵov;=;1|ovou;r;u1†vbom;v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
3%
acondicionado
;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-7;-1†;u7o-7b=;u;m|;vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vĺ
(;_झ1†Ѵoruorbo 8% v|-vru†;0-vb7;mঞC1-m=-1|ou;vľblr†Ѵvou;vĿ7;Ѵ-v
or1bom;v7;;Ѵ;11bॕm7;7b1_-vl†f;u;vķt†;bm1b7;m
-ˆ-7ou- 64%
;mѴ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;l;7bovr-u--Ѵ1-mŒ-uѴo]uov;m
!$߈&"

$;Ѵ;ˆbvou 81% 7;v-uuoѴѴoķlb;m|u-vt†;o|uov=-1|ou;vvomľ7;|u-1|o-


‫""ܬ‬

u;vĿ7;Ѵ-vrovb0bѴb7-7;v7;ruo]u;vot†;blrѴb1-mѴ-v
;ˆ;u- 68% r࣐u7b7-v;m7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-m|;Ѵ-o1†uu;m1b-7;
;v|;;ˆ;m|oķ|o7o;v|o;m1om|;Š|ov7;ro0u;Œ-vblb-
Estufa 93%
Ѵ-u;vr-u--l0ov]u†rov7;l†f;u;vĺ

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-1olr-u-1bॕm;m|u;Ѵov7ov]u†-


rovv;_-m7bˆb7b7o;mѴ-v1†-|uo1-|;]ouझ-v7;rub-
ˆ-1bॕmĹbő1-r-1b7-7;vķbbő;lro7;u-lb;m|o‹-];m1b-ķ
bbbőˆb7-7b]m-‹7;u;1_ovķ‹bˆőbmˆ;uvbॕmvo1b-Ѵ;bm-
72
Ѵ|o|-Ѵ7;;v|;]u†ro;v7;Ɣƒƕl†f;u;vĺ =u-;v|u†1|†u-ĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 69
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Recuadro 8
! "&  $ ࠎ ‫&""ܬ‬$$$( 
PROBABILIDAD Y COSTO DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Ѳ-m޳Ѳbvbv1†-mࢼ|-ࢼˆo†ࢼѲbŒ-7ov;=†m7-l;m|ࡱ;m|ߪ1mb1-v;v|-7࠸vࢼ1-v‹;1omolߪ|ub1-vĸ-v
pruebas de igualdad de medias y de proporciones fueron aplicadas para determinar si existen
diferencias socioeconómicas y ;7†1-ࢼˆ-v entre las mujeres que experimentaron el embarazo
en la adolescencia y las que lo experimentaron en una edad posterior.

ov lo7;Ѵov Ѵo]झvঞ1ov 7; ruo0-0bѴb7-7 v; †ঞѴbŒ-uom r-u- 1†-mঞC1-u ;Ѵ
Ecuaciones de Mincer:
blr-1|o 7; -Ѵ]†m-v ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v vo0u; Ѵ- ruo0-0bѴb7-7 7; ;l0-u-Œo -7o-
Ѵ;v1;m|;ĺ o7;Ѵov ;1omol࣐|ub1ov vblbѴ-u;v =†;uom ;vঞl-7ov r-u- 7;-
|;ulbm-uѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;r;u|;m;1;u-Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;1omॕlb1-l;m|;
-1ঞˆ-ĺ+v;†ঞѴbŒ-uomlo7;Ѵov7;;1†-1bom;v7;bm1;ur-u-7;|;ulbm-u
;Ѵu;|oumo;mbm]u;vov7;-1†;u7o-Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;;7†1-1bॕmt†;-Ѵ1-mŒ-mѴ-v
l†f;u;v‹;ˆ-Ѵ†-u;Ѵ;=;1|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;vo0u;Ѵ-1-r-1b7-7
7;];m;u-ubm]u;voѴ-0ou-ѴĺŐ-u-l࢙v7;|-ѴѴ;vķˆ;u-m;Šol;|o7oѴॕ]b1oőĺ
";u;1†;u7-t†;Ѵ-l†;v|u-t†;vbuˆbॕr-u-u;-ѴbŒ-uѴov;f;u1b1bovruo0-0b-
o7;Ѵobm-uboo]झvঞ1oĹ
Ѵझvঞ1ov‹;1omol࣐|ub1ovv;7bˆb7bॕv;]িmѴ-;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo7;
Ѵ-vl†f;u;vŐ]u†rovľrv;†7oĿ1om|uoѴ‹|u-|-lb;m|oőĺ
-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;r†;7;;vঞl-uv;1om-Ѵ]†m-v
ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vt†;1-u-1|;ubŒ-m-Ѵ-l†f;uķv†r-u;f-‹v†;m|oumoĺ
Algunas de las variables analizadas como posibles determinantes del em-
barazo en la adolescencia incluyen:
Ŋ 7-77;Ѵ-r-u;f-ņr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-ĸ
Entre las variables evaluadas, se destacan:
Ŋ bˆ;Ѵ;v;7†1-ঞˆov-Ѵ1-mŒ-7ovrouѴovr-7u;v‹l-7u;v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v
Ŋ ࡛Ѵঞlombˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo-Ѵ1-mŒ-7oĺ
;m1†;v|-7-vĸ
Ŋ !;vromv-0bѴb7-77;Ѵ1†b7o1oloѴblb|-m|;r-u-1omঞm†-u
Ŋ bˆ;Ѵ;v;7†1-ঞˆov-Ѵ1-mŒ-7ovrouѴ-r-u;f-ņr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵrub-
;v|†7b-m7oĺ
l;u_bfoņ-ĸ
Ŋ !;vromv-0bѴb7-77;Ѵ1†b7o1oloѴblb|-m|;r-u-bmv;u|-uv;
Ŋ bvromb0bѴb7-7 7; bm=oul-1bॕm vo0u; rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm =-lbѴb-uķ l࣐|o7ov
;m;Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵĺ
-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovĸ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹v†vub;v]ovĺ
Ŋ m]u;vor;u1࢙rb|-
Ŋ 11;vo-$ĺ
Ŋ ;ul-m;m1b-;m;Ѵvbv|;l-;7†1-ঞˆo
Ŋ om7b1bॕm;1omॕlb1-7;Ѵ-r-u;f-ņr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ--Ѵ
lol;m|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĸ Ŋ "b|†-1bॕmo1†r-1bom-Ѵ

Ŋ 7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo7;Ѵ-l-7u;7;Ѵ-l†f;uĸ Ŋ -Ѵb7-77;|u-0-fo

Ŋ 7-77;Ѵ-rubl;u-†mbॕm7;Ѵ-l-7u;7;Ѵ-l†f;uĺ Ŋ $;m;m1b-7;-1ঞˆov

m-7b1bॕmķ1omѴovlo7;Ѵovv;;vঞlॕ;Ѵblr-1|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoŐv;]িmѴ- Ŋ ;uvr;1ঞˆ-v7;ˆb7-vo0u;;Ѵr-v-7o‹vo0u;;Ѵ=†|†uoĺ
;7-77;o1†uu;m1b-ő;mˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo‹0b;m;v|-ur-u-
Ѵov7ov]u†rov7;;v|†7boŐl†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹
l†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œorov|;ubouőĺ

70 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

I) Capacidades rou1;m|-f;r-u-Ѵ-vl-7u;v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ1om†m-
ruorou1bॕm7;ƕƐѷķ=u;m|;-Ѵ-v7;;l0-u-Œorov|;ubouķ
mѴot†;1om1b;um;-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm-Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵrub-
Ѵ-v1†-Ѵ;vu;rou|-m;v|-1om7b1bॕm;m;ѴƔƖѷ7;Ѵov1--
l;u ;l0-u-Œoķ ;Ѵ ƑƓѷ 7;Ѵ |o|-Ѵ 7; l†f;u;v ;m -l0ov
vovĺ"bm7bvঞm1bॕm7;Ѵ-;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoķ;v|;
]u†rovŐѴ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;m|u;ѴovƐƑŊƐƖ-ोov‹
;ˆ;m|o1omvঞ|†‹;Ѵ-rubm1br-Ѵu-ŒॕmrouѴ-t†;Ѵ-vl†f;-
Ѵ-vt†;Ѵo_b1b;uom-r-uঞu7;ѴovƑƏ-ोovőmov;_-0झ-m
u;v;m1†;v|-7-vmo;v|†7b-0-m;m;v;lol;m|oŐƒƑѷ;m
bmv1ub|o ;m †m 1;m|uo ;7†1-ঞˆoķ‹ ƕѷ 7; ;ѴѴ-v ;v|-0-m
;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v-
bmv1ub|-vķr;uomo-vbvঠ-mĺ ѴѵƖѷu;v|-m|;v;ो-Ѵॕ;v|-u
1;m1b-‹ƑƐѷ-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;|†ˆb;uomv†rubl;u;l0-u-Œo
bmv1ub|-‹-vbvঞuĺ-bm-vbv|;m1b-;v1oѴ-uķ‹-v;-bmv1ub|-o
-r-uঞu7;Ѵovˆ;bm|;-ोovőĺ
mobmv1ub|-ķঞ;m;l-‹our;vor-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;|†ˆb;-
ron su primer embarazo en etapa posterior a la adoles- Ѵ _-0;u Cm-ѴbŒ-7o Ѵov ;v|†7bov ঞ;m; l-‹ou bm1b7;m1b-
1;m1b-ķ 1om ;Ѵ ƓƐѷķ 1omvbv|;m|; 1om ;Ѵ _;1_o 7; _-0;u ;m|u;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom1omrov|;uboub7-7
Cm-ѴbŒ-7ov†v;v|†7bovķlb;m|u-vt†;ķѴ-vt†;|†ˆb;uom;Ѵ -Ѵ-;|-r--7oѴ;v1;m|;ŐƑƐѷőķlb;m|u-vt†;voѴo-Ѵu;7;-
;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-t†;mo-vbv|;m1omvঞ|†‹;m 7ou7;ѴƑѷ7;Ѵ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;u;rou|ॕѴ-Cm-ѴbŒ--
;ѴƑƖѷĺou;Ѵ1om|u-uboķѴ--vbv|;m1b--Ѵov1;m|uov;v1o- 1bॕm7;v†v;v|†7bovĺ
Ѵ-u;v-Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œou;rou|ॕ†ml-‹ou

Gráfico 24
RAZÓN DE LA NO ESCOLARIZACIÓN O INASISTENCIA ESCOLAR AL MOMENTO
 !, "& ! "ĺࠃƑƏƐƕ

";]u-7†ॕņ|;ulbmॕ;v|†7bov 21%
2%
Se casó/unió 2%
15%
Por enfermedad 0%
2%
Por embarazo 21%
32%
0%
Por discapacidad
2%
-u-|u-0-f-u 9%
3%
Otro 23%
16%
ot†bvov;]†bu;v|†7b-m7o 19%
19%
0%
No posee acta de nacimiento
5%

o_-‹;v1†;Ѵ-ņ†mbˆ;uvb7-71;u1- 2% 12-19 años


1%
Cuidar a los niños
2% 20 años ó más
4%

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ


CAPÍTULO 2 71
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

om|u-;ul-|ublomboo†mbuv;-Ѵ-r-u;f-f†vঞC1-Ѵ-bm|;- †m -Ѵ|o rou1;m|-f; 7; -vbv|;m1b- ;m |-m7-v ˆ;vr;uঞm-v


uu†r1bॕm7;Ѵov;v|†7bovr-u-;ѴƐƑѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u; ‹mo1|†um-vŐƔƏѷőķ‹†m-ruorou1bॕmvblbѴ-u;mѴ-|-m7-
ƑƏ‹ ƒƏ -ोovĺ "bm ;l0-u]oķ ;v bm7bv1†ঞ0Ѵ; t†; ;Šbv|;m l-|†ঞm-ŐƓѵѷőĺ
7b=;u;m1b-v vb]mbC1-ঞˆ-v ;m|u; Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v l-7u;v
!;vr;1|o-Ѵঞro7;1;m|uo7;;v|†7bovķ;ѴƖѵѷ7;Ѵ-vl†-
ŐƐƔѷő‹Ѵ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uomrov|;uboul;m|;ŐƑѷőĺ
f;u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m-
|u-loঞˆ-1bॕml;m1bom-7-=†;;Ѵmot†;u;u1omঞm†-u 1b-ķ-vbvঠ--1;m|uovrি0Ѵb1ov-Ѵlol;m|o7;v†rubl;u
Ѵov;v|†7bovķt†;u;ru;v;m|ॕ;ѴƐƖѷ7;Ѵ-vu;vr†;v|-v;m ;l0-u-Œoĸ ;m 1-l0boķ ;v|; rou1;m|-f; u;ru;v;m|ॕ r-u-
-l0ov]u†rovĺ-1-u;m1b-7;7o1†l;m|ov=†;u;rou|-- Ѵ-vt†;|†ˆb;uomv†rubl;u;l0-u-Œorov|;uboul;m|;;Ѵ
7-voѴorouѴ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐƔѷőķѴot†;r†;7; ƕѶѷĺ-7b=;u;m1b-;mѴ--vbv|;m1b--1;m|uovrি0Ѵb1ov;m-
1omѴѴ;ˆ-u-Ѵ-|u-vlbvbॕm7;ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7-Ѵov_bfovņ-v |u;†m]u†ro7;l†f;u;v‹;Ѵo|uou;]bv|uॕƐѶr†m|ovĺ
t†;|-lro1oro7uझ-m|;m;u-11;vo-7o1†l;m|-1bॕmĺ-
"bm ;l0-u]oķ |-m voѴo ƒѷ 7; Ѵ-v l-7u;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v
bmv;u1bॕm;m-1ঞˆb7-7;vruo7†1ঞˆ-v1olou-Œॕm7;mo
u;rou|ॕ_-0;u;v|-7obmv1ubr|-;m†m1;m|uorubˆ-7oķ;m
;v1oѴ-ubŒ-1bॕmobm-vbv|;m1b-ķ=†;u;rou|-7-roul࢙v7;Ѵ
1om|u-v|; 1om ;Ѵ ƑƐѷ 7; -t†;ѴѴ-v t†; v; ;l0-u-Œ-uom
Ɩѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uomrourubl;u-ˆ;Œ-
rourubl;u-ˆ;Œ;m†m-;|-r-rov|;ubouĺ
r-uঞu7;Ѵovˆ;bm|;-ोovķ-7b=;u;m1b-7;Ѵ-vl-7u;v-7o-
Ѵ;v1;m|;v1†‹orou1;m|-f;=†;7;-r;m-vƒѷĺ &m_-ѴѴ-Œ]oblrou|-m|;7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm;v;Ѵ_;1_o
7; t†; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v l-|ub1†Ѵ-7-v ;m ;v1†;Ѵ-v rি0Ѵb1-v
-v l†f;u;v t†; |†ˆb;uom ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ;m 7b1_- ;|-r-
ঞ;m;m †m- ruo0-0bѴb7-7 vb;|; ˆ;1;v l-‹ou 7; t†;7-u
-vbvঠ-m ;m l-‹ou l;7b7- - Ѵ- ;v1†;Ѵ-ķ ŐѵƏѷőĺ "bm ;l-
;l0-u-Œ-7-vķ;m1olr-u-1bॕm1omѴ-vl-|ub1†Ѵ-7-v;m
0-u]oķ -l0ov ]u†rov 7; l†f;u;v u;rou|-m rou1;m|-f;v
o|uov 1;m|uov ;7†1-ঞˆovĺ |uo _-ѴѴ-Œ]o bm|;u;v-m|; ;v
vblbѴ-u;v;mѴ-u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;-1ঞˆb7-7;v7ol࣐vঞ1-v7†-
t†; Ѵ- l†f;u t†; v; ;l0-u-Œॕ rou rubl;u-ˆ;Œ - r-u-
u-m|;;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoŐƒƏѷˆvĺƒƒѷőķv;ो-Ѵ-m7ot†;;Ѵ1†l-
ঞu 7; Ѵov ƑƏ -ोovķ 1om|-0- -Ѵ lol;m|o 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo
rѴblb;m|o7;Ѵ1†b7-7o=-lbѴb-u7bC1†Ѵ|ॕѴ-1omঞm†-1bॕm7;
1om†ml-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ7;bmv|u†11bॕmt†;-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;v;
;v|†7bovĺ m;=;1|oķѴ-1-u]-7;Ѵ1†b7o1olo=-1|out†;
;l0-u-Œ-uom ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĸ ;=;1ঞˆ-l;m|;ķ ;v|-v
;ŠrѴb1- Ѵ- 7;1bvbॕm 7; mo 1omঞm†-u ;v|†7b-m7o 7†u-m|;
িѴঞl-vv;1om1;m|u-0-m;mѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v0࢙vb1ov‹l;7bov
;Ѵr;ubo7o7;];v|-1bॕm;vl࢙vvb]mbC1-ঞˆ-r-u-;Ѵ]u†-
Őƒѵѷ‹ѵƐѷu;vr;1ঞˆ-l;m|;őķ;m|-m|ot†;l࢙v7;Ѵ-
ro7;l†f;u;v1†‹o;l0-u-Œoo1†uubॕ;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-
lb|-7 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v t†; u;rou|-uom ;l0-u-Œ-uv; rou
t†;r-u-;Ѵ]u†ro7;;l0-u-Œorov|;ubouŐƓѷˆvĺƑѷőĺ
rubl;u-ˆ;Œ7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ_-0झ--Ѵ1-mŒ--
ouo|uoѴ-7oķѴ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmu;rou|-t†;mo;Šbv|;m7b- 7o;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ†mbˆ;uvb|-uboĺ
=;u;m1b-vvb]mbC1-ঞˆ-v;mѴ-;7-77;bmb1bo7;Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-
;0b7o - Ѵov ub;v]ov 7; 7;v;u1bॕm t†; v; ˆ;ubC1-m ;m
rou;7-77;o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ-;7-7ruol;7bo
Ѵ- ;v1†;Ѵ- l;7b-ķ ;v ruboub|-ubo =ol;m|-u Ѵ- ;Šr-mvbॕm
7;bmb1bo7;Ѵ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v=†;Ɣĺƕ-ोovķˆbu|†-Ѵ-
7;1o0;u|†u-r-u--ruoŠbl-uѴov1;m|uov;v1oѴ-u;v-Ѵov
l;m|;b7࣐mঞ1--Ѵ-7;-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;rov|;u]-uomv†rub-
_o]-u;vķ;vr;1b-Ѵl;m|;;m1om|;Š|ov7;bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ-
l;u;l0-u-Œol࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ŐƔĺƔ-ोovőĺ-u-
ro0u;Œ-‹ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7ĺ ov 7-|ov u;1oѴ;1|-7ov v†]b;-
-l0ov]u†rovķ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vbmv1ubr|-v‹t†;-vbvঠ-m-
u;mt†;ķ-Ѵlol;m|o7;v†rubl;u;l0-u-ŒoķѴ-vfॕˆ;m;v
Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ--Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoķv;ˆ;ubC1-
;m1†;v|-7-v;m-l0ov]u†rovķ7;0झ-mu;1ouu;u†m-7bv-

72 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Gráfico 25
NIVEL EDUCATIVO DE LAS MUJERES AL MOMENTO DE
& ! !, "ķࠃƑƏƐƕ

&mbˆ;uvb|-ubo 56%
1%
0.0%
Tutoría
0.3% 12-19 años
$࣐1mb1oŊ(o1-1bom-Ѵ 2%
1% 20 años ó más

ov|Ŋ&mbˆ;uvb|-ubo 2%
0.0%

Media 29%
61%
0.0%
Educación Inicial
0.3%

Básica 13%
36%

-1_bѴѴ;u-|o1;Ѵ;u-7o 0.0%
0.3%

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

|-m1b- ruol;7bo 7; ƑѶ lbm†|ov ;m|u; Ѵ- †0b1-1bॕm 7; _-0झ-u;-ѴbŒ-7o-Ѵ]িmঞro7;1†uvot†;ķrouѴo];m;u-Ѵķ
Ѵov 1;m|uov ;v1oѴ-u;v‹ ;Ѵ _o]-uĺ -0; v;ो-Ѵ-u t†; Ѵ-v ;u-m7;1ou|-7†u-1bॕmŐƒѶѷ1†‹-7†u-1bॕm;u-7;Ƒ-
l†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-1om|-- ƒl;v;vőĺ
0-m1om1;m|uov;7†1-ঞˆovl࢙v1;u1-movķ-Ѵ|-u7-u;m
mb1b-ঞˆ-v r-u- fॕˆ;m;v t†; |u-0-f;m ;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo 7;
ruol;7bo Ƒѵ lbm†|ov ;m ;Ѵ |u-‹;1|oķ Ѵo t†; 1om|u-v|-
1olr;|;m1b-v r-u- Ѵ- ;lrѴ;-0bѴb7-7 vom 1Ѵ-ˆ; r-u-
1omѴov1-vbƓƏlbm†|ovt†;|-u7-0-mѴ-vl†f;u;vt†;
abordar el tema del embarazo adolescente tanto como
rov|;u]-uomv†rubl;u;l0-u-Œo-r-uঞu7;Ѵovˆ;bm|;
l;7b7-ru;ˆ;mঞˆ-1olo7;u;vr†;v|-Ѵ†;]o7;Ѵ-o1†-
-ोovĺ uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ

m|࣐ulbmov7;-11;vo-1omo1blb;m|oķѴ-vl†f;u;v1†‹o m |࣐ulbmov 7; Ѵov mbˆ;Ѵ;v ;7†1-ঞˆov -Ѵ1-mŒ-7ovķ Ѵov


rubl;u;l0-u-Œo=†;rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ_-0झ-m 7-|ovo0|;mb7ovu;rou|-mt†;Ѵ-l†f;ut†;v;;l0-u-Œॕ
u;-ѴbŒ-7o l-‹ou 1-mঞ7-7 7; 1†uvovķ -1†l†Ѵ-m7o l࢙v l࢙v|-u7;ঞ;m;-1|†-Ѵl;m|;†mmbˆ;Ѵruol;7bo7;ƐƓ
1omo1blb;m|ov r-u- 7;v-uuoѴѴ-u _-0bѴb7-7;vĸ ;m ;=;1|oķ -ोov7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7ķv†r;u-m7o;m7ov-ोov-Ѵ-l†f;u
;Ѵ ƒƔѷ 7; ;ѴѴ-v _-0झ-1†uv-7ol࢙v7; †m- -11bॕm =ou- ;l0-u-Œ-7-;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķt†;-1†l†Ѵ-ƐƑ-ोovĺ
l-ঞˆ- ‹ 1om †m- l-‹ou 7†u-1bॕm ŐƔƑѷ 7; Ѵov 1†uvov Igualmente, las de embarazo posterior han logrado al-
1om7†u-1bॕm7;Ƒ-ƒl;v;vőĺouv†r-u|;|-mvoѴo;Ѵ 1-mŒ-u;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ†mbˆ;uvb|-ubo;ml-‹ouruorou1bॕmŐƕƒѷőķ
Ɛѵѷ 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v 1om ;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- lb;m|u-vt†;Ѵ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m-

CAPÍTULO 2 73
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Gráfico 26
ÚLTIMO NIVEL EDUCATIVO ALCANZADO POR EDAD DEL PRIMER EMBARAZO

2% 22% 2% 73%

20 ó Más

10% 49% 6% 1%
34%

12-19

0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%

Básica Media $࣐1mb1oŊ(o1-1bom-Ѵ &mbˆ;uvb|-ubo -1_bѴѴ;u-|o-1;Ѵ;u-7o


(Prepara)

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

cia, han tenido menores oportunidades para lograr este m1olr-u-1bॕm1om;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;-1ঞˆb7-7;v7ol࣐v-


mbˆ;ѴŐƒƓѷőĺ ঞ1-v7†u-m|;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-m-ѴbŒ-7o1om-m|;uboub7-7ķ;Ѵ
rou1;m|-f;u;]bv|u-7o;mѴ--1|†-Ѵb7-7ru࢙1ঞ1-l;m|;v;
mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-1om7b1bom;vvo1bo;1omॕlb1-v;mѴ-vt†;ˆb-
7†rѴb1-;m-l0ov1-vovĺ
ˆ;mѴ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ;mv†v_o]-u;vv;o0v;uˆ-
†m-l-‹ou1-mঞ7-77;lb;l0uov7;r;m7b;m|;vŐl;mou;v En los hogares de ambos grupos, más de la mitad de los
ƐƔ-ोov‹-7†Ѵ|ovl-‹ou;v7;ѵƔ-ोovőt†;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm r;u1;r|ou;v 7; bm]u;vov ঞ;m; †m |u-0-fo t†; v; r†;7;
;m;7-7ruo7†1ঞˆ-ŐƐƔŊѵƓ-ोovőĺ v|obm7b1-ķ†m-l-‹ou 1-ѴbC1-u1olobm=oul-Ѵ73ĺ mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;v
v†0ou7bm-1bॕm-Ѵovr;u1;r|ou;v7;bm]u;vo;m;v|ov_o- 7;];m;u-1bॕm7;bm]u;vovķѴovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovv;ो-Ѵ-m†mmb-
]-u;vĺ ;_;1_oķ;ѴƓƓѷ7;Ѵovlb;l0uovv;ो-Ѵ-7ovv; ˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;vor;u1࢙rb|-7;Ѵ_o]-ur-u--t†;ѴѴov_o]-u;v
1-|;]oubŒ-m;m;Ѵ]u†ro;|-uboľ7;7;r;m7;m1b-Ŀķ;v7;1buķ
1†‹o f;=; o f;=- ;v|࢙ bmv;u|o ;m -1ঞˆb7-7;v =oul-Ѵ;v 7;
voml;mou;v7;ƐƔ-ोov‹l-‹ou;v7;ѵƔ-ोov7;;7-7ĺ
! ŪƒķƕƕƓķv†r;u-m7o;m†mƑƒѷ;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;vor;u

m1†-m|o-Ѵ-v-1ঞˆb7-7;vu;-ѴbŒ-7-vķ|-m|oѴ-vl†f;u;v 1࢙rb|-7;Ѵov_o]-u;v1om†mf;=;of;=-t†;|u-0-f-7;l--
t†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-1oloѴ-vt†;Ѵo m;u-bm=oul-ѴŐ! ŪƒķƏƕƓőĺ v|-1ouu;Ѵ-1bॕmr†;7;v†];ubu
hicieron en una etapa posterior, reportan como principal t†;Ѵ-bm=oul-Ѵb7-7ঞ;m7;-u;7†1bu;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;vor;u
-1ঞˆb7-7 Ѵ- u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕm 7; -1ঞˆb7-7;v 7ol࣐vঞ1-v ‹ 7; 1࢙rb|-ķv;-rouѴ-l;mou7o|-1bॕm7;=-1|ou;vŐbĺ;ĺķ;v1oѴ-ub-
1†b7-7o7;Ѵ-=-lbѴb-ķ1omѵƐѷ‹ƔƑѷu;vr;1ঞˆ-l;m|;ĺ 7-7ķ;Šr;ub;m1b-őol;mou1-r-1b7-77;u;l†m;u-1bॕm7;Ѵ

73
";1-ѴbC1-1olobm=oul-Ѵ-Ѵovr;u1;r|ou;v7;bm]u;vovt†;vom|u-0-f-7ou;vrou1†;m|-ruorb-ķo;lrѴ;-7o;m_o]-urubˆ-7oķo|u-0-f-7ou=-lbѴb-umou;l†m;u-7oĺ

74 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Gráfico 27
CONDICIÓN DE ACTIVIDAD ACTUAL DE LAS ADOLESCENTES POR EDAD DEL
PRIMER EMBARAZO
ƑƏ-ोov‹l࢙v 12-19 años

52%
†;_-1;u;v7;Ѵ_o]-u
61%

6%
Estudiar
8%

5%
†v1-u|u-0-fo
5%

37%
$u-0-f-u
23%

1%
Jubilada, rentista, otra
3%

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

l;u1-7o-;v;=-1|ouruo7†1ঞˆoĺ v|o;vu;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;rout†; vblbvloķ;m1†-m|o-Ѵovbm7b1-7ou;vu;Ѵ-1bom-7ov1om


Ѵ-vl-7u;vt†;|†ˆb;uom;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;m ;Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-ѴķѴ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ-
v†l-‹ouझ-7;v-uuoѴѴ-m-1ঞˆb7-7;vbm=oul-Ѵ;vĺ -7oѴ;v1;m1b- ঞ;m;m †m- l;mou r-uঞ1br-1bॕm ;1omॕlb-

Gráfico 28
$ !߈&$& "& ! "!   ! !
EMBARAZO, AÑO 2017

12-19 años ƑƏ-ोov‹l࢙v

60%
51%
50%
39%
40% 36%

30%
23%
19%
20%
11% 9%
10% 5%
2% 1% 2% 2%
0%
Empleada Empleada ";uˆb1bo Empleadora $u-0-f-7ou- $u-0-f-7ou-
sector público de empresas 7ol࣐vঞ1o o patrona por cuenta familiar no
rubˆ-7-v propia remunerada

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 75
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

ca74ŐƒѶѷőt†;-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom7;vr†࣐v7;
Tabla 5
Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ŐƓѶѷőĺ"bm;l0-u]oķv;u;rou|-†m-ˆ-m1; (! ""   "!
;m|࣐ulbmov7;;lro7;u-lb;m|o;1omॕlb1o7;Ѵ-vl†- "!( "   "
f;u;v1†-m7o;ѴѴ-vঞ;m;mѴ-f;=-|†u-7;Ѵ_o]-uķ1omruo- l0-u-Œo7; l0-u-Œo1om
(-ub-0Ѵ;v
ƐƑ-ƐƖ-ोov ƑƏ‹l࢙v-ोov
0-0bѴb7-77;r;u|;m;1;u-Ѵ- 7;Ɠѵѷķmo;Šbvঞ;m7o
Años de escolaridad al
7b=;u;m1b-vrou;Ѵlol;m|o;mt†;o1†uu;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ Ɩ-ोov ƐƑ-ोov
lol;m|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
Asistencia a escuelas
-vl†f;u;vt†;;v|࢙mo1†r-7-vķv;7bv|ub0†‹;m7;=oul- Ɩѵѷ ƕѶѷ
rি0Ѵb1-v
7b=;u;m|;1omu;vr;1|o-Ѵঞro7;|u-0-fo7;v-uuoѴѴ-7oĺ Ѵ Años de escolaridad
ƐƑ-ोov ƐƓ-ोov
ƒƖѷ 7; Ѵ-v t†; =†;uom l-7u;v ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹ ;Ѵ Actual

ƔƐѷ7;Ѵ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uomrov|;uboul;m|;u;rou|-- No acceso a tecnología ƑƏѷ ƐƑѷ


7†1-1bॕm†mbˆ;uvb|-ub- ƒƓѷ ƕƒѷ
uom;v|-uo1†r-7-v;m;Ѵv;1|ourubˆ-7oķ1om†ml-u];m
1†r-7-v ƒƓѷ ƓƓѷ
7;7b=;u;m1b-7;ƐƑr†m|ovĺoub]†-ѴķѴ-vl-7u;v7;rub-
-uঞ1br-1bॕm;mѴ-  38% 48%
mer embarazo posterior a la etapa adolescente, muestran
m=oul-Ѵb7-7 ƒѵѷ Ƒƒѷ
ˆ;m|-f-vu;Ѵ-ঞˆ-v;mѴov|u-0-fovrou1†;m|-ruorb-ķ1om †;_-1;u;v7ol࣐vঞ1ov ѵƐѷ ƔƑѷ
†ml-u];m7;Ɛƒr†m|ovķr-u-|u-0-fov;m;Ѵv;1|ourি0Ѵb- †;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ
1o7;Ѷr†m|ov‹r-u-;Ѵ|u-0-fo1olov;uˆb1bo7ol࣐vঞ1o
7;ƕr†m|ovĺ ˆbm1†Ѵ-7o-†m-bmv;u1bॕml-‹ou;m-1ঞˆb7-7;v=oul-Ѵ;v
ruo|;]b7-vĺ v|; rou1;m|-f; u;v†Ѵ|- Ѷ r†m|ov l࢙v -Ѵ|o
ov7-|ovu;rou|-m7bC1†Ѵ|-7;v;mѴ-1om|u-|-1bॕm=oul-Ѵ
t†;;Ѵu;rou|-7orouѴ-v7;l࢙vl†f;u;vŐƒѷőĺ
‹;mѴ-ruo|;11bॕm7;Ѵ-v-Ѵ†71olo7;u;1_oѴ-0ou-Ѵĺ m
;=;1|oķ v; u;]bv|u- ѵƒѷ 7; -†v;m1b- 7; 1om|u-|ov Ő=ou- v|ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov u;ˆ;Ѵ-m t†; ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ- ;|-r-
l-Ѵ;vobm=oul-Ѵ;vő-mbˆ;Ѵ7;-l0ov]u†rovķ1om1Ѵ-u-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;u;7†1;Ѵ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;bmv;u1bॕm;m-1ঞ-
7;vˆ;m|-f-v r-u- Ѵ-v l-7u;v ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- Őѵѵѷőķ ˆb7-7;vѴ-0ou-Ѵ;vķ7;v-uuoѴѴ-m7o|u-0-fov7;vruo|;]b7ovķ
1olr-u-7o 1om Ѵ-v l-7u;v ;m ;|-r- rov|;ubou ŐƔѶѷőĺ -vo1b-7ov-Ѵ-v;ˆb7;m1b-vu;rou|-7-v;mѴ-vorou|†mb7--
Para ambos grupos, la brecha75 de aseguramiento en sa- 7;vr-u-Cm-ѴbŒ-uѴov;v|†7bov‹-ˆ-mŒ-u;m;v1oѴ-ub7-7ĺ
Ѵ†7rou|u-0-fo;v7;Ѷѵѷķv;ो-Ѵ-m7o†m-7b=;u;m1b-7;
ouo|uoѴ-7oķ;Ѵ-11;vo-$ķ-ruoŠbl-7-rouѴ-rov;-
ƐѶr†m|ov1om7;vˆ;m|-f-vr-u-Ѵ-vt†;=†;uoml-7u;v
vbॕm 7; 1;Ѵ†Ѵ-uķ †m- 1olr†|-7ou- o -11;vo - bm|;um;|ķ
;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
ঞ;m;†m-u;Ѵ-1bॕmbmˆ;uv-1omѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;;l0--
Šbv|;†m-0u;1_-blrou|-m|;7;-11;vo-Ѵ-ru;ˆbvbॕmvo- u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ-l†f;ut†;v;;l0-u-Œॕ;mѴ--7o-
1b-ѴĸvoѴo;ѴƔѷ-Cul-t†;-rou|--†mrѴ-m7;r;mvbom;vķ Ѵ;v1;m1b-ঞ;m;l;mou;vrovb0bѴb7-7;v7;|;m;u-11;vo-
1om †m rou1;m|-f; l-‹ou r-u- Ѵ-v l†f;u;v t†; v; ;l- $t†;u;v†Ѵ|-ƓѶѷbm=;ubou-Ѵ-t†;ঞ;m;Ѵ-l†f;ut†;
0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ-;|-r-rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ŐƐƐѷőķ v;;l0-u-Œॕ-†m-;7-7rov|;ubouĺov7-|ov;ˆb7;m1b-m

74
;7b7-rouѴ-u;Ѵ-1bॕm;m|u;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;1omॕlb1-l;m|;-1ঞˆ-‹Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;m;7-77;|u-0-f-uŐl-‹ou-ƐƏ-ोovőĺ
75
";u;C;u;-Ѵ-ruorou1bॕm7;r;uvom-vt†;1-u;1;m7;v;]†uo7;v-Ѵ†7ĺ

76 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Recuadro 9
"$! &҃" $!߈"  !! 
& $!$&  " !! "

Juana ;v oub†m7- 7; o|†झķ ঞ;m; ѵ -ोovˆb- ;v1†;Ѵ-ĺ u-l†‹1;Ѵovo‹mot†;uझ-t†;;ѴѴ- ࣐ѴѴ;7-Ѵ-l-m†|;m1bॕmķr;uovbmo|-lof†m-
ˆb;m7o;m-blॕm7om7;ķ-v†vƐѵ-ोov‹rou v-Ѵb;u-7;Ѵ-1-v-mb-Ѵ1oѴl-7o7;Ѵ-;vt†bm-ĸ |oķmoĿĺ"ॕѴo;vrou࢙7b1-l;m|;;Ѵr-r࢙ˆb;m;
†m--lb]-;m1olিmķ1omo1bॕ-†mfoˆ;mt†; Ѵ--l;m-Œ-0-1om7;f-uѴ--;ѴѴ-‹-Ѵ-mbो-ķѴ; -ˆbvb|-uѴ-vov;Ѵ-vѴѴ;ˆ-7;r-v;oĺľ Ѵ7†u-
v;1omˆbuঞॕ;mv†moˆboĺ‫ݽ‬ѴѴ;7bfot†;vbv; v†0झ-Ѵ-ˆoŒ‹v;b0-7;Ѵ-1-v-rou7झ-vĺ _-v|-1bm1o‹v;bvl;v;vt†;moˆb;m;Ŀĺ
b0-1om࣐Ѵ‹v;1-v-0-mb0-m-1omv;]†buľ1o- ѴѴ- mo ;v|†ˆo 1om|;m|- 1om ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œoķ o‹ķ 1om ƑƓ -ोov 7; ;7-7ķ ;ѴѴ- ;v|†7b- ;m
v-vĿf†m|ovķb0-m-l;fou-uv†vb|†-1bॕmĺ ѴѴ-Ѵ; r;uo ;Ѵ r-r࢙ 0boѴॕ]b1o 7; Ѵ- mbो- vझķ -Ѵ b]†-Ѵ !-7bo "-m|- -uझ- ‹ ;v|࢙ ;m rubl;uo 7;
1u;‹ॕ‹v;=†;7;v†1-v-ķrouv†l;fouझ-ĺ;uo t†;v†l-l࢙‹o|uov=-lbѴb-u;vķ-†mt†;-Ѵ]†- 0-1_bѴѴ;u-|oķ |ol-m7o 1Ѵ-v;v Ѵov 7olbm]ovĺ
࣐Ѵmoˆbˆझ-voѴoķ1oloѴ;_-0झ-ruol;ঞ7oĸˆb- movѴ;1ol;m|-uomt†;;ѴѴ-7;0bॕv;]†bu;v- †mt†;Ѵ;ѴѴ-l-mѴ--|;m1bॕmѴov1†uvov7;
ˆझ- 1om v† l-l࢙ĺ †;7ॕ ;l0-u-Œ-7- - Ѵov |†7b-m7oķt†;;v|-0-l†‹foˆ;mr-u-t†;7-u 0;ѴѴ;Œ-‹1o1bm-ķmo_-|ol-7ombm]†mo7;
;l0-u-Œ-7-ĺ-1ol†mb7-7|-l0b࣐ml†ul†- Ѵov t†; o=u;1;m rou v† 0-uuboĺ m v† _o]-uķ
ƐѶ-ोov7;v†rubl;u-mbो-‹_-1;7ov-ोov
uॕĹľ ;1झ-mt†;‹o;u-l†‹-7oѴ;v1;m|;r-u- v;7;7b1--Ѵ|u-0-fo7ol࣐vঞ1o‹7;ˆ;Œ;m
|†ˆo-v†v;]†m7-0;0࣐ĺl0-vmbो-vঞ;m;m
_-0;u t†;7-7o ;l0-u-Œ-7-ķ t†; vb‹o t†࣐Ŀķ 1†-m7o 1†0u; †m- 0-m1- |-l0b࣐mķ v†vঞ|†-
;Ѵlbvlor-r࢙ķƕ-ोovl-‹out†;;ѴѴ-ĺ v|࢙m
ľѴ-];m|;Ѵ;7;1झ-m-0†v-7ou-࣐ѴĿķ‹Ѵ-_b1b;- ‹;m7o-Ѵ-;m1-u]-7-1†-m7o;ѴѴ-mor†;7;
v;r-u-7ov_-1;†mঞ;lroķr;uo࣐Ѵˆbˆ;;m;Ѵ uomv;mঞul-Ѵĺ"bmঞॕˆ;u]ু;mŒ-ķvo0u;|o7o -vbvঞuĸѴ;r-]-m! ŪƒƏƏrou7झ-1†-m7oѴo
lbvlo0-uuboĺ ѴѴ-v;1-mvॕ7;v†v1;Ѵovĸ7; 1†-m7ov;Ѵ;;lr;Œॕ-mo|-uѴ-0-uub]-ķ7;fॕ _-1;ĺ "; Ѵ; 7bC1†Ѵ|- ;m1om|u-u |u-0-fo Cfo
t†;moѴ-7;f-u-|u-0-f-umb;v|†7b-uķ‹7;t†; 7;v-Ѵbu-Ѵ-1-ѴѴ;;Ѵu;v|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ$-l- o |ol-u 1†uvov 7; 1-r-1b|-1bॕm rout†; mo
Ѵ;-ѴŒ-u-Ѵ-ˆoŒ1†-m7ov;loѴ;v|-0-ĺ 0b࣐m vbmঞॕ u;1_-Œo rou r-u|; 7;Ѵ _ovrb|-Ѵķ ঞ;m;1omt†b࣐m7;f-u-Ѵ-vmbो-vmb_-‹]†-u-

ѲѲ-1omC;v-t†;mot†;u࠸-t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-|-mfoˆ;m‹t†;v;vbmࢼࡱ
;m]-ࡧ-7-ĸļ+omot†;u࠸-ĸ+ot†;u࠸-;v|†7b-u‹ߪѲl;7bfot†;moĶ
t†;‹omob0--t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-rout†;ߪѲv;;v|-0-bm‹;1|-m7oĶ
r;uo=†;l;mࢼu-Ķ=†;1olo†m;m]-ࡧo‹t†;7ߪ;l0-u-Œ-7-7;Ѳ-mbࡧ-Ľĸ

ѴѴ-1omC;v-t†;mot†;uझ-t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-- t†;Ѵ;ru;]†m|-0-mv†;7-77;l-m;u-7;v- 7;uझ-vo;v|-m1b-v1;u1-m-vĺ Ѵিmb1o-ro‹o


7-|-mfoˆ;m‹t†;v;vbmঞॕ;m]-ो-7-ĺľ+omo r;1ঞˆ-1†-m7ob0--Ѵov1_;t†;ovl࣐7b1ovĺ t†;_-u;1b0b7o;v7;v†l-7u;ĺľ‹ boĺ;
t†;uझ-ĺ+ot†;uझ-;v|†7b-u‹࣐Ѵl;7bfot†;moķ -uu;rb;m|o7;_-0;ul;1-v-o-vझķ|;mझ-t†;
"†l-l࢙Ѵ--1olr-ो-0--Ѵl࣐7b1o7†u-m|;
t†;‹omob0--t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-rout†;࣐Ѵ _-1;Ѵ;l࢙1-vo-lbl-l࢙Ŀĺ
Ѵov;l0-u-Œovĸ;Ѵr-r࢙7;Ѵ-1ub-|†u-|u-0-f--
v;;v|-0-bm‹;1|-m7oķr;uo=†;l;mঞu-ķ=†;
0-;m;0-mbv|;uझ-‹mo|;mझ-ঞ;lroĺ†-m7o (--;7†1-u‹oub;m|-u-v†v_bf-vr-u-t†;
1olo†m;m]-ोo‹t†;7࣐;l0-u-Œ-7-7;Ѵ-
Ѵ-rubl;u-mbो-m-1bॕķ;ѴѴ-v;;m1-u]-0-7;Ѵ mot†;7;m;l0-u-Œ-7-v|-mfॕˆ;m;vĺľlझ
mbो-Ŀĺľ+omo;v|-0-1om|;m|-ķ‹ot†;uझ-;v|†-
1†b7o‹|o7-vѴ-vѴ-0ou;v7;Ѵ_o]-uķ7;m†;ˆo mol;1omˆbmoĸѴot†;‹or-v࣐ķ‹omot†b;uo
7b-uĿĺ"bmঞॕt†;;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoѴ;b0---=;1|-u
1omѴ--‹†7-7;v†l-7u;ĸ;Ѵr-r࢙|-lro1o t†;;ѴѴ-vѴor-v;mĿĺ"†;ो-1om|;m;uv†ruo-
v†ˆb7-ķvo0u;|o7orout†;;ѴѴ-t†;uझ-v;]†bu
|;mझ-ঞ;lror-u-;voĺľ࣐ѴѴ;|o1-0-|u-0-- rb-1-v-ķ-‹†7-u-v†l-l࢙-1omv;]†buѴ-
;v|†7b-m7oĺľ+o;v|-0-;mo1|-ˆo‹Ѵo7;f࣐Ŀĺ
f-uĸl-lbl;-‹†7-0-ķ;ѴѴ-b0-|o7ovѴov7झ-v v†‹-‹|;m;u†mˆ;_झ1†Ѵor-u-ro7;u|u-vѴ--
ľ+-‹o|†ˆb;u-‹-ķ‹-‹o|†ˆb;u-;mѴ-†mbˆ;u-
-lb1-v-Ŀĺ]†-Ѵ1omѴ-v;]†m7-0;0࣐ĺ Ѵr-r࢙ 7-u-v†v_bf-v-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-Ļ$-l0b࣐mt†b;u;
vb7-7‹-ķ‹_†0b;u-vb7oruo=;vbom-bķvb‹omo
|u-0-f-0- r-u- ruoˆ;;u Ѵov -Ѵbl;m|ov‹ l;- |;ulbm-u v†v ;v|†7bov ‹ v;u -0o]-7-ĸ t†;
_†0b;u-7;f-7oѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-Ŀĺľ_ou-l;vb;m|o
7b1bm-vķr;uo†m-ˆ;Œt†;v;v;r-u-uomķ7;fॕ v†v _bf-v |;m]-m v†C1b;m|; uor-ķ †m 0†;m
-ˆ;u]omŒ-7-Ŀĺ †;]o 7; t†; m-1bॕ Ѵ- rubl;-
7;_-1;uv;u;vromv-0Ѵ;ķv-Ѵˆot†;v;ľf†m|;Ŀ =†|†uo‹t†;;v|†7b;mĺ
u-mbो-ķv†r-u;f-mot†;uझ-t†;ˆoѴˆb;u--Ѵ-
7;m†;ˆo1om;ѴѴ-ĺľ"b|-lof†m|oķ1om|;m|oķ

CAPÍTULO 2 77
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Gráfico 29
l;mou rou1;m|-f; 7; -11;vo - $vķ t†; Ѵov _o]-u;v
TENENCIA DE COMPUTADORA
POR TIPO DE HOGAR Y EDAD DEL ;mѴovt†;u;vb7;mѴ-vl†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œorov|;ubouĺ
PRIMER EMBARAZO
De hecho, un resultado importante a destacar es el

12-19 reducido acceso a computadores en los hogares mo-


18%
20 ó más mor-u;m|-Ѵ;v1om=oul-7ovrouѴ-vt†;=†;uoml-7u;v
;m|u;ѴovƐƑ‹ƐƖ-ोovķ;m7om7;vॕѴo;ѴƑѷu;rou|ॕ
7b1_o-11;voķѴot†;blrѴb1-†m7;v-ruoˆ;1_-lb;m|o7;
9% Ѵov0;m;C1bovt†;v;7;ubˆ-m7;Ѵ-v$v1olobmv|u†-
8% 8%
5% l;m|ovr-u-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ

2% Ѵ-11;vo-1omo1blb;m|ovvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹-1-r--
1b|-1bॕm1olrѴ;l;m|-ub-t†;=-1bѴb|-;f;u1;u7;u;1_ov‹
Monoparental Biparental Compuesto
o Extenso
l;fou;v_-0bѴb7-7;vr-u-Ѵ-ˆb7-u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķmou;rou-
|-7b=;u;m1b-vmo|oub-v;m|u;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0--
†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ u-Œ-uomrourubl;u-ˆ;Œ;m†m-;|-r-rov|;ubou=u;m|;-
-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;Ѵo_b1b;uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺѴbm7-]-uvb
t†;Ѵov_o]-u;v;mѴovt†;u;vb7;mѴ-vl†f;u;v1om;l- -Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v_-0झ-m-1-
0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķvbmblrou|-u;Ѵঞro7;_o]-uĸ‹-v;- 1;7b7o-bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ
monoparental, biparental o compuesto76, presentan un †vo7;l࣐|o7ovķub;v]o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķ;m|u;o|uovĸv;

Gráfico 30
$  !ࠎ!  ! (! ! !," ࡛   
ENTREVISTADA DURANTE ESA ETAPA

100%
87%
82% 85% 85%
80% 74% 77% 12-19

20 ó más
60%

40%

20%
5% 6% 0% 3%
0%
Ѵ-mbC1-1bॕm !b;v]ov7; Embarazo Entrenamiento Otro
=-lbѴb-uķl࣐|o7ov relaciones sexuales adolescente 1om;Ѵuo]u-l-
-mঞ1om1;rঞˆov sin protección ‹v†vub;v]ov ;0࣐b࣐mv-Ѵo
(VIH, ETS) Bien

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

76
-1Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm†ঞѴbŒ-7-rou;Ѵ;v|†7bor;ulb|;1-|;]oubŒ-uѴovঞrov7;_o]-u;vv;]িmv†;v|u†1|†u-‹v†1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-;mĹlomor-u;m|-Ѵ;vķ1om=oul-7ovrou†m
-7†Ѵ|ovbmr-u;f-‹Ѵov_bfov;_bf-vķ0br-u;m|-Ѵ;v1om=oul-7orou†m-r-u;f-7;-7†Ѵ|ov‹Ѵov_bfov;_bf-vvbmo|uovlb;l0uovķ‹1olr†;v|ovolbŠ|ov;m;Ѵt†;ˆbˆ;
Ѵ-r-u;f-1omo|uovlb;l0uov7;Ѵ_o]-u1omovbm1omv-m]†bm;b7-7ĺ

78 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

ˆ;ubC1ॕt†;;ѴƔƔѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vv;ो-Ѵॕ m;Ѵl-u1o7;Ѵ-l†;v|u-bmˆ;vঞ]-7-ķ†m_-ѴѴ-Œ]oblrou-
mo_-0;uu;1b0b7obm=oul-1bॕm-Ѵ]†m-ķruorou1bॕmb7࣐mঞ- |-m|;;vt†;Ѵ-;m|u;]-7;bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ
1-;m-l0ov]u†rov7;l†f;u;v;v|†7b-7-vĺ ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-u;7†1buझ-;m-Ѵu;7;7ou7;†mƒƔѷѴ-ro-
vb0bѴb7-77;t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-7†u-m|;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
m|u; -t†;ѴѴ-v l†f;u;v t†; ;Šru;v-uom u;1b0bu bm=oul--
v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovv†]b;u;mt†;Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-v7;=ol;m|o7;
1bॕmķ Ѵov |;l-v t†; =†;uom v;mvb0bѴbŒ-7ov 1om l࢙v =u;-
1omo1blb;m|o7;ub;v]ov‹7;u;1_ovv;Š†-Ѵ;v‹u;ruo7†1-
1†;m1b- =†;uom Ѵov u;Ѵ-ঞˆov -Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|;‹
ঞˆovr†;7;mbm1b7bur-u-ru;ˆ;mbu;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo|;lru-moĺ
v†vub;v]ovŐѶƔѷő‹rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm=-lbѴb-uŐƕѶѷőĺ m|o7ov
Ѵov1-vovķѴ-vl†f;u;v1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œo=†;rov|;-
ő lro7;u-lb;m|o‹-];m1b-
ubou - Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- ;Šru;v-uom Ѵ- u;1;r1bॕm 7; bm=ou-
l-1bom;vu;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;v;ml-‹ouruorou1bॕmt†;Ѵ-vl-7u;v om;Ѵruorॕvb|o7;;ŠrѴou-uo|u-v7bl;mvbom;v7;Ѵ7;-
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v1om7b=;u;m1b-v7;_-v|-ƐƏr†m|ovrou1;m- v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķt†;r;ulb|;ml;7buv†;ˆoѴ†1bॕm7;v7;
|†-Ѵ;v;m-Ѵ]†mov1-vovĺ †m- r;uvr;1ঞˆ- v†0f;ঞˆ- 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vķ

Gráfico 31
! " !"  "!ࠎ! !$ "!"& ! "
INVESTIGADAS DURANTE EL EMBARAZO/1

ƑƏ-ोov‹l࢙v 12-19 años

Abuso de otros familiares 7%


48%

29%
Abuso de padres o tutores
34%

Burlas o insultos de compañeros 14%


38%

Expulsión de casa 21%


18%

7%
Expulsión escolar
20%

& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ/1Ĺ-ru;]†m|--1;r|-l࢙v7;†m-u;vr†;v|-ĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 79
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Tabla 6
(! " !( "   ! $+ 
(-ub-0Ѵ;v l0-u-Œo7;ƐƑ-ƐƖ-ोov l0-u-Œo1omƑƏ‹l࢙v-ोov
bv1ublbm-1bॕmrout†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-
bv1ublbm-1bॕm Ɛѵѷ Ѷѷ
Šr†Ѵvbॕm7;Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ- ƐѶѷ ƐƑѷ
!-Œom;vr-u-_-0;urov|;u]-7o;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
-u;f-l࢙vbm=oul-7- Ɠƒѷ Ɠƕѷ
-r-1b|-1bॕm|࣐1mb1oˆo1-1bom-Ѵ ƔƓѷ Ɠƕѷ
-‹oubm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;""! ƓѶѷ Ɣѵѷ
࢙1bѴ-11;vo-l࣐|o7ov Ɣƕѷ ƕƏѷ
11;vo-|;1moѴo]झ-v7;Ѵ-bm=oul-1bॕm Ɛƕѷ ƑƓѷ
;|-vrѴ-m|;-7-v
0|;m;u†m;lrѴ;o;v|-0Ѵ; 81% 90%
Ser propietaria de su propia vivienda o negocio ѶƑѷ ѶƖѷ
†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

v;-m-ѴbŒ-mˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v7;r;u1;r1bॕm7;0b;m;v|-uķrѴ-m;v 7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ vf†v|-l;m|;;m;v|-;|-r-ķ1omѴ-;v1oѴ--


7;ˆb7-ķ 7bv1ublbm-1bॕm ;m=u;m|-7- rou Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ubŒ-1bॕm‹;Ѵvorou|;=-lbѴb-uķ1†-m7ov;1blb;m|-mѴ-v0--
;mѴov;m|oumov;mѴovt†;v;7;v;mˆ†;Ѵˆ;m‹ˆboѴ;m1b-ĺ v;vr-u-Ѵ--†|omolझ-‹;Ѵ;lro7;u-lb;m|oķv†v|;m|-7o
;mѴ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;vĺ
-vl†f;u;vbmˆ;vঞ]-7-v;m-l0ov]u†rovu;rou|-m_--
0;u;m=u;m|-7oru;f†b1bov‹7bvঞm|-v=oul-v7;7bv1ublb- -v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vl;m1bom-uomt†;=†;uom;Šr†Ѵv-7-v7;
m-1bॕm1om;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķt†;Ѵblb|-mv†0b;m;v|-urvb1o- v†v _o]-u;v ŐƐƖѷő‹ ;Šr†Ѵv-7-v 7; Ѵ- ;v1†;Ѵ- ŐƐѶѷőķ Ѵo
Ѵॕ]b1o‹vo1b-Ѵ7†u-m|;;v|-;|-r-ĺ ѴƐƔѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vķ t†;ˆ†Ѵm;u-v†v7;u;1_ovr-u-1omঞm†-u;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;u;-
;Šru;v-_-0;uv†=ub7o7bv1ublbm-1bॕmrou;v|-u;l0-u-- ruo7†11bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;vĺ-7bv1ublbm-1bॕm‹;Ѵ-0†vo
Œ-7-ķbm1Ѵ†‹;m7ol-Ѵ|u-|oˆ;u0-Ѵoࣱvb1oĺ ;;v|;|o|-Ѵķ movom;Š1Ѵ†vbˆov7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;|†ˆb;uom;Ѵ;l0--
ƓƏѷ _- u;1b0b7o l-Ѵ|u-|o rou r-u|; 7; =-lbѴb-u;vķ ƒƒѷ u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ|-l0b࣐m|†ˆo;=;1|ov;m|u;Ѵ-v
l-Ѵ|u-|o 7; r-u|; 7; v†v r-7u;v o |†|ou;v ‹ o|uo ƒƒѷ l†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uomrov|;uboul;m|;ķr;uoķ1om
u;1b0bॕ0†uѴ-vobmv†Ѵ|ov7;1olr-ो;uovo-lb]ovĺ77 l;mou r;vo r-u- ;v|-v িѴঞl-v ;m |o7-v Ѵ-v =oul-v 7;

&mo 7; Ѵov ;=;1|ov 7; l-‹ou blr-1|o rvb1oѴॕ]b1o‹ 7; 7bv1ublbm-1bॕmĺ-v7b=;u;m1b-v1oml-‹oul-u];m;m|u;
or1bom;v7;ˆb7-1ombm1b7;m1b-;m;Ѵ0b;m;v|-u-=†|†uo Ѵov]u†rovv;ˆ;ubC1-uom;mѴ-;Šr†Ѵvbॕm7;Ѵ_o]-u=-lbѴb-u
;v;Ѵ_;1_o7;t†;-Ѵ]†m-vl†f;u;vvom;Šr†Ѵv-7-v7; 1om ƑƑ r†m|ov 0࢙vb1ovķ ;Ѵ -0†voˆ;u0-Ѵ o ࣱvb1o rou Ѵov
mি1Ѵ;ov 1†‹o uoѴ ;v 7; Ѵ- ruo|;11bॕmķ Ѵ- ];m;u-1bॕm 7; r-7u;vo|†|ou;vķ1omƑƏr†m|ov‹_-0;uv;v;mঞ7o7bv1ub-
1-r-1b7-7;v‹=ol;m|o7;Ѵ;f;u1b1bo7;7;u;1_ovķ-1-†v- lbm-7-rou;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo1omƖr†m|ovĺ

77
-0;u;v-Ѵ|-ut†;v;u;rou|-uom-Ѵ]†mov1-vov7;ˆboѴ;m1b-ࣱvb1-7;r-u;f-झmঞl-;bm|u-=-lbѴb-uķo1†uub7ov;m;Ѵr-v-7oĺ

80 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-vr;uvr;1ঞˆ-v7;ˆb7-ru;v;m|;‹=†|†u-
7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v7;ƑƏ-ƒƏ-ोov7;;7-7;m1†;v|-7-vķv;
bm7-]ॕ vo0u; Ѵ-v l;|-v t†; _-0झ-m =oul†Ѵ-7o r-u- v†v
ˆb7-v‹1om=oul-u†mrѴ-m7;=†|†uoĺ

m|u;|o7-vѴ-vl†f;u;vঞ;m;l-‹our;vo1olo=-1|ou7;
r;u1;r1bॕmr-u-l;fou-uv†0b;m;v|-uķ;Ѵľv;uruorb;|-ub-
7;v†ruorb-ˆbˆb;m7-om;]o1boĿ‹ľo0|;m;u†m;lrѴ;o
;v|-0Ѵ;Ŀu;]bv|u-m7o;ѴѶƒѷ7;Ѵ-vl;m1bom;v1-7-†m-ĺ
SOLO EL vblbvloķ;Ѵľ|;m;u†m_o]-u=;ѴbŒ‹;v|-0Ѵ;Ŀ=†;u;rou|--
7o1omѶƑѷ7;Ѵ-vor1bom;vķ‹ľˆbˆbu;m†m;m|oumov;]†-

Ɛƒѷ uo‹1om-11;vo-Ѵovv;uˆb1bovĿ=†;1omvb7;u-7orouƕƐѷ
7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vĺ

BUSCÓ AYUDA †mt†; ;m |࣐ulbmov ];m;u-Ѵ;vķ -l0ov ]u†rov l;m1bo-


A TRAVÉS DE ALGUNA INSTITUCIÓN m-m1omu;Ѵ-ঞˆ-blrou|-m1b-;ѴѴo]uo7;;v|-vl;|-v7;

O INSTANCIA PÚBLICA ˆb7-ķѴ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;m;|-r-rov|;ubou


-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķu;rou|-ml-‹ou;vrou1;m|-f;v;m|o7-v
! $ "&""$!$"
Ѵ-v or1bom;vķ Ѵo t†; v†]b;u; t†; ঞ;m;m l-‹ou 1Ѵ-ub7-7
;m7;Cmbuv†vr;uvr;1ঞˆ-vķ-Ѵot†;r†;7;1om|ub0†bu;Ѵ
l-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ7;bmv|u†11bॕm‹7;-11;vo-|;1moѴo]झ-vĺov
ou o|uo Ѵ-7oķ voѴo Ɛƒѷ 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v bm7b1ॕ t†; =ou- 7-|ov -m-ѴbŒ-7ov v;ो-Ѵ-m 7b=;u;m1b-v ;m Ѵ- 1omv|u†11bॕm
l†Ѵॕ-Ѵ]†m-7;m†m1b-o0†v1ॕ-‹†7--|u-ˆ࣐v7;-Ѵ]†m- 7;†mrѴ-m7;ˆb7-;m|u;Ѵov]u†rovbmˆ;vঞ]-7ovķ1oml--
bmvঞ|†1bॕmobmv|-m1b-rি0Ѵb1-=u;m|;-Ѵov-0†vovol-Ѵ- ‹oul-u];m;mѴ-vl;|-vu;Ѵ-ঞˆ-v-ľo0|;m;u†m;lrѴ;o
|u-|ovĺ-u-Œॕmrubm1br-Ѵt†;f†vঞC1ॕmo-1†7bu-0†v1-u ;v|-0Ѵ;Ŀķ1omƖr†m|ovķ‹ľv;uruorb;|-ub-7;v†ruorb-ˆb-
-‹†7-;m|u;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v;vľrout†;moѴo1omvb7;- ˆb;m7- o m;]o1boĿķ 1om Ѷ r†m|ovĺ v|ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov vom
u-0-m;1;v-uboĿķu;rou|-7orou;ѴƓƖѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vķѴo 1omvbv|;m|;v1om;v|†7bovvo0u;Ѵ-|;l࢙ঞ1-t†;rѴ-m|;-m
t†;r†;7;bm7b1-uѴ-u;7†1b7-1-r-1b7-77;-];m1b-t†; t†;ѴovrѴ-m;v7;ˆb7-v;1om=oul-m;mѴ-v;|-r-vCm-Ѵ;v
ঞ;m;m;v|ov]u†rov;m;7-7;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ de la adolescencia, por ser parte de un proceso de creci-
lb;m|o‹l-7†u-1bॕmr;uvom-Ѵĺ
Se menciona como limitante para formular las denuncias
;Ѵ_;1_o7;mo|;m;u1omo1blb;m|o7om7;-1†7buŐƑѵѷő -vb|†-1bॕm;1omॕlb1-7;Ѵ-r-u;f-ņr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵ
‹v†rom;ut†;ľmov;uझ-7;†ঞѴb7-7Ŀķl;m1bom-7orou;Ѵ rubl;u_bfoņ--Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoķ;v†m=-1-
ƐƓѷ 7; Ѵ-v ;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v Ѵo t†; r†;7; bm7b1-u 0u;1_-v |ou7;l-‹our;vor-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom
7;orou|†mb7-77;Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-vr-u-bm1b7bu;m-ruoŠbl-u ;m†m-;|-r-rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķѴot†;r†;7;
Ѵ-o=;u|-7;;v|;ঞro7;v;uˆb1bov-Ѵ-v1ol†mb7-7;v7; ;v|-uu;Ѵ-1bom-7o1om†m-loঞˆ-1bॕmbm7bˆb7†-Ѵ7;†mbuv;
l-‹oubm1b7;m1b-7;;v|ov-0†vovĺ bm-Ѵl;m|;ķ;ѴѶѷ7; l࢙v|-u7;rouѴ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;l;fouझ-‹r†;7;u;ru;-
Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vu;rou|ॕt†;moѴo_bŒorouˆ;u]ু;mŒ-ĺ v;m|-u l;fou 1om7b1bॕm ;1omॕlb1- - =†|†uoĺ ; _;1_oķ

CAPÍTULO 2 81
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m;v|;]u†roķ;Šru;v-m†m-;Šr;1|-ঞˆ-l-- ;l0-u-Œorov|;ubou;mƑƑr†m|ov‹ƐƏr†m|ovu;vr;1-
‹ou ;m |࣐ulbmov 7; l;|-v 7; l;fou- ;1omॕlb1-ķ 1olo ঞˆ-l;m|;ĺ
obtener un empleo estable y ser propietaria de su propia
m1†-m|o-Ѵ-u;Ѵ-1bॕm;m|u;r-7u;v‹l-7u;vķ;ѴѶƒѷ
ˆbˆb;m7-om;]o1boķ-vo1b-7ov-Ѵ--ruorb-1bॕm7;†mrѴ-m
bm7b1-t†;;Ѵr-7u;mol-Ѵ|u-|-0-ࣱvb1-mbˆ;u0-Ѵl;m|;
7;=†|†uoĺb;m|u-vt†;ķѴ-vt†;|†ˆb;uomv†rubl;u;l-
-v†l-7u;‹t†;Ѵ-|u-|-0-1omu;vr;|oķrouo|uoѴ-7o
0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ;Šru;v-m1oml;mourou1;m|--
;ѴƐƑѷbm7b1-0-t†;vझ;Šbvঠ-ˆboѴ;m1b-7ol࣐vঞ1-;m|u;
f;;Šr;1|-ঞˆ-v7;=†|†uo‹rѴ-m7;ˆb7-ķt†;r†;7;;v|-u
v†vr-7u;vķvb;m7ol-‹ou;Ѵrou1;m|-f;;mѴ-vl†f;u;v
asociado a menores logros en escolaridad y en acceso a
1om;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ŐƐƑĺѶѷőt†;;mѴ-v7;;l0--
1-r-1b|-1bॕmĺ
u-Œomo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ŐƐƏѷőĺ
"b0b;m;vrovb0Ѵ;t†;†m-loঞˆ-1bॕmr-u-Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v-
bm-Ѵl;m|;ķ v; ru;]†m|ॕ - -l0ov ]u†rov 7; l†f;u;v
1;m|;v;m|࣐ulbmov7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œov;-l;fou-uv†vb|†--
-1;u1-7;Ѵovbmv|u†l;m|ovo1om7†1|-vt†;ro7uझ-mu;-
1bॕmķ ;v ru;1bvo ruo=†m7bŒ-u ;v|- Ѵझm;- 7; -m࢙Ѵbvbvĺ m
tardar el embarazo en la adolescencia, de acuerdo a su
entornos de pobreza, como los estudiados por el pre-
r;uvr;1ঞˆ-bm7bˆb7†-Ѵĺ u;m|;-;v|-1omv†Ѵ|-ķv;u;rou|-m
v;m|;m=oul;ķ;v|-vl;fou-vr;u1b0b7-vr†;7;mv;ul†‹
respuestas con peso similar para aspectos como una me-
lo7;v|-vĺou;f;lrѴoķ|;m;u-11;vo-l࢙v-Ѵbl;m|ovķ
fou1ol†mb1-1bॕmou;Ѵ-1bॕm1omѴovr-7u;vķ1_-uѴ-vloঞ-
r-v-u7;v;u†m-_bf-l࢙v;m;Ѵ_o]-u7;v†vr-7u;v-
ˆ-1bom-Ѵ;vvo0u;rѴ-m;v7;ˆb7-‹-†|o;vঞl-ķ|;m;u†m-
o1†r-u†m-l;fourovb1bॕm7;m|uo7;v†ruorbo_o]-uĺ
r-u;f-l;foubm=oul-7-7;Ѵovub;v]ovķ‹_-0;u1u;1b7o;m
ot†;u;v†Ѵ|-7;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbvru;v;m|-7o;m;v|;1-rझ|†Ѵoķ
†m;m|oumo7b=;u;m|;ĺ
;vt†;-িmv;r;uvb]-†m-l;fouझ-1om;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m
Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ mo ঞ;m; t†; v;u ;Š1Ѵ†vbˆ-l;m|; ;1o- mѴot†;u;vr;1|--Ѵ-vruor†;v|-v7;loঞˆ-1bॕmr-u-
mॕlb1-ĺ ѴѴoro7uझ-;v|-u-vo1b-7o|-l0b࣐m1oml;fou-v rov|;u]-u ;Ѵ ;ˆ;m|oķ Ѵ-v l-7u;v t†; |†ˆb;uom v† rubl;u
en su estatus social dentro de su comunidad o de su embarazo en una etapa posterior a la adolescencia su-
_o]-uĺ-u;-Ѵb7-7;vt†;Ѵ-l-‹ouझ-1omঞmি-ˆbˆb;m7o peran en las menciones a las madres adolescentes, en el
en situaciones precarias y de pobreza, aun cuando salen -11;vo--mঞ1om1;rঞˆovŐ7b=;u;m1b-7;Ɛƒr†m|ovőķl࢙v
7;Ѵ-1-v-rou;Ѵ;ˆ;m|o7;†m;l0-u-Œoĺ bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;Ѵovub;v]ov‹1omv;1†;m1b-v‹;7†1--
1bॕm;mѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-Ő7b=;u;m1b-7;ƕr†m|ovőķ‹;mѴou;Ѵ-ঞˆo
olor;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;=†|†uoķ-ѴrѴ-m|;-uѴ;v-7b1_-vl†-
-Ѵ -11;vo - |;1moѴo]झ-v 7; bm=oul-1bॕm‹ 1ol†mb1-1bॕm
f;u;vvb|†ˆb;u-mѴ-or1bॕm7;ˆoѴˆ;u_-1b--|u࢙v‹_-1;u
Ő7b=;u;m1b-7;ѵr†m|ovőĺ
-Ѵ]o7bvঞm|oķl;m1bom-uomľv;]†bu;v|†7b-m7oņ|;ulbm-u
;7†1-1bॕm1om†m-ruorou1bॕm7;ƖƐѷķľor|-urouo0- ;m1bom-7orou;ѴƔƐѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vķ†m-u-Œॕmt†;
|;m;u †m l;fou ;lrѴ;oĿ 1om ƕƒѷķ ľ;l0-u-Œ-ul; l࢙v f†vঞC1-uझ- rov|;u]-u ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- ;v
|-u7;Ŀ1omѵƖѷķ‹ľmo-0-m7om-u;Ѵ_o]-uĿ;ѴƓѵѷĺ m 1om|-u1om-11;vo-1†uvov|࣐1mb1oŊˆo1-1bom-Ѵ;vĺouv†
general no se reporta un amplio margen entre los dos r-u|;ķѴ-vl†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķu;-
]u†rov7;l†f;u;vķvbm;l0-u]oķˆ-Ѵ;7;v|-1-ut†;;m- ]bv|u-m†ml-‹ourou1;m|-f;ŐƔƓѷő;m1olr-u-1bॕm1om;Ѵ
|u; Ѵ-v l-7u;v ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- v; ˆ;ubC1- t†; t†b- o|uo]u†ro7;l†f;u;vŐƓƕѷőĺb;m|u-vt†;ķѴ-loঞˆ-1bॕm
vb;uom ľ;l0-u-Œ-uv; l࢙v |-u7;Ŀ ;m †m- ruorou1bॕm 7; 7;rov|;u]-u;Ѵ;ˆ;m|orouo0|;m;u†m;lrѴ;o;m;Ѵ v|--
ƕƒѷķ‹ľ_-0;u|;mb7ol;mov_bfovĿķv†r;u-m7o-Ѵ-v7; 7oķt†;=†;u;rou|-7-1omƒƓѷ7;Ѵ-vl;m1bom;vķu;]bv|u-

82 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Gráfico 32
OPCIONES PRIORIZADAS POR LAS MUJERES DE 20 A 30 AÑOS DE EDAD PARA
POSTERGAR EL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE, AÑO 2017ņƐ

12-19 20 ó más
Capacitación
|࣐1mb1oˆo1-1bom-Ѵ
80.0%
11;vo-|;1moѴo]झ-v ;fouu;Ѵ-1bॕm1om
de la información 60.0% v†vr-7u;vņo]-u;v|-0Ѵ;

40.0%

20.0%
Haber crecido en Más información sobre
un entorno diferente Ѵovub;v]ov‹Ѵ-v1omv;1†;m1b-v
0.0%

_-uѴ-vlo|bˆ-1bom-Ѵ;v Un empleo o subsidio


7;Ѵ]o0b;umo

&m-r-u;f-l;foubm=oul-7-
࢙1bѴ-11;vo--Ѵ]িm
‹1oml࢙v1omo1blb;m|ovvo0u;
l࣐|o7o-m|b1om1;r|bˆo
v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1|bˆ-

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ/1-ru;]†m|--1;r|-l࢙v7;†m-u;vr†;v|-ĺ

ro1-v7b=;u;m1b-v;m|࣐ulbmovu;Ѵ-ঞˆovo0v;uˆ࢙m7ov;;m t†;-vb]m-m†muoѴvo1b-Ѵ-Ѵ-l-|;umb7-77;1†lrѴblb;m-
ƒƓѷr-u-Ѵ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹;mƒƕѷr-u-Ѵ-vl†- |o1omѴ-vu;vromv-0bѴb7-7;vt†;;v|o-1-uu;-;mѴ-;v=;u-
f;u;v1om;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo;m;|-r-rov|;ubouĺ =-lbѴb-uoѴ-l-|;umb7-71olorѴ-m7;ˆb7-ĺ

-l-‹ouझ-7;-l0ov]u†rov7;l†f;u;vmorb;mv-t†; |u- 7; Ѵ-v loঞˆ-1bom;v l;m1bom-7-v t†; ro7uझ-m


crecer en un entorno diferente, caracterizado con más proteger a las adolescentes fue la referida a tener una
orou|†mb7-7;v‹l;movˆboѴ;m1b-ķ_†0b;v;bmY†b7ovo0u; r-u;f- l࢙v bm=oul-7- ‹ 1om l࢙v 1omo1blb;m|ov vo0u;
Ѵ-rovb0bѴb7-77;;l0-u-Œ-uv;ĺ ;_;1_oķ;ѴƕƏѷ7;Ѵ-v v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵĺ v|-loঞˆ-1bॕmu;7†1buझ-Ѵ-rovb0bѴb7-77;
l†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹;ѴѵƓѷ7;Ѵ-vl†- ;l0-u-Œorou;ѴƓƓѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v-m-ѴbŒ-7-vĺ-vt†;
f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œorov|;ubou-;v-;7-7-Cul-t†;_-- v; ;l0-u-Œ-uom 7;vr†࣐v 7; Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- Ѵo -Cul-m
ber crecido en un entorno diferente no hubiese afectado ;m†mƓƕѷķlb;m|u-vt†;Ѵo7;1Ѵ-u-m;ѴƓƒѷ7;Ѵ-vt†;
Ѵ- rovb0bѴb7-7 7; ;l0-u-Œ-uv;ĺ v|o r†;7; v†];ubu t†; v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ v|ou;Y;f-t†;Ѵ-v
;Šbv|;†m-Ѵ;]bঞl-1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ŋomo adolescentes se sienten menos empoderadas frente a su
-7oѴ;v1;m|;Ŋ;mѴ-1ol†mb7-7‹t†;r;uvbv|;mr-|uom;v r-u;f-;m|࣐ulbmov7;0-Ѵ-m1;7;ro7;uĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 83
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

bm࢙lb1-vbm|;u];m;u-1bom-Ѵ;vt†;bm1b7;m;m;Ѵ Tabla 7
;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|; (! " &   
!   &!! 
-vb|†-1bॕm7;ro0u;Œ-ঞ;m7;-u;ruo7†1buv;bm|;uŊ];-
 !,  " $
m;u-1bom-Ѵl;m|;roul;7bo7;=-1|ou;vt†;-=;1|-mѴ-v l0-u-Œo7; l0-u-Œo1om
(-ub-0Ѵ;v
orou|†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo‹;Ѵ;f;u1b1bo7;7;u;1_ov;m ƐƑ-ƐƖ-ोov ƑƏ‹l࢙v-ोov

1-7-†m-7;Ѵ-v;|-r-v7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺ†mt†;;Šbv|;m 7-7†mbॕm7;
Ɛѵ-ोov Ɛƕ-ोov
sus madres
7bm࢙lb1-v=-lbѴb-u;vt†;ru;7bvrom;m-vb|†-1bom;vt†;
7-7;l0-u-Œo
Ɛƕ-ोov ƐѶ-ोov
-=;1|-mѴovlb;l0uov;m7;|;ulbm-7-;|-r-7;Ѵ-ˆb7-ķ de sus madres

;v|-l0b࣐m†m;vr-1bovo1b-Ѵ7;|u-mv=oul-1bom;vr-u-Ѵ- -7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;
Ѵovrubl;uov_bfovņ-v
v†r;u-1bॕm7;Ѵ-1om7b1bॕm7;ro0u;Œ-ĺ ƐƏѷ ƒƕѷ
de la mujer con nivel
universitario
-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmu;rou|-Ѵ-;Šbv|;m1b-7;r-|uom;v7;u;- b=;u;m1b-7;
ruo7†11bॕmt†;;m;Ѵ;m|oumo=-lbѴb-u1om|ub0†‹;m-Ѵ- edad de la pareja Ѷ-ोov ѵ-ोov
Őrubl;u-†mbॕmő
o1†uu;m1b- 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;vĸ 1olo ;v †;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ
Ѵ-;7-77;Ѵ-rubl;u-†mbॕm7;v†vl-7u;vķˆ;ubC1࢙m7ov;
t†;ķ - l-‹ou ;7-7 7; †mbॕm 7; Ѵ- l-7u;ķ ;v l;mou Ѵ-
ovr-|uom;v7;u;ruo7†11bॕm‹7;†mbom;vu;Y;f-mt†;
ruo0-0bѴb7-7t†;ঞ;m;Ѵ-_bf-7;;l0-u-Œ-uv;;mѴ--7o-
Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom7†u-m|;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-
Ѵ;v1;m1b-ĺvblbvloķѴ-;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo7;Ѵ-v
v;†m;mrourubl;u-ˆ;Œ-;7-7;vl࢙v|;lru-m-v‹1om
l-7u;vbmY†‹;7;l-m;u-vb]mbC1-ঞˆ-ĺ v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov
r-u;f-v 7; l-‹ou ;7-7 t†; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v 1om ;l0-u-Œo
r;ulb|;m-Cul-ut†;-Ѵo0v;uˆ-uv;;v|-v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v
rov|;ubouĺ-;7-7ruol;7bo7;Ѵ-†mbॕm;v7;Ɛƕ-ोov
;mѴ-=-lbѴb-7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;Šbv|;ruo0-0bѴb7-77;
r-u-Ѵ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķlb;m|u-v
o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;ˆ;m|o‹1omvঞ|†‹;m=-1|ou;v-1;Ѵ;u-7o-
t†;ķr-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;v7;;l0-u-Œorov|;ubouķѴ-;7-7ruo-
u;v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ-|u-mvlbvbॕm
l;7bo;v7;ƑƑ-ोovĺѴlol;m|o7;Ѵ-rubl;u-†mbॕmķѴ-
7;1om7†1|-v-mbˆ;Ѵbm|;u];m;u-1bom-Ѵĺ
7b=;u;m1b- 7; ;7-7 ;m|u; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v 7; ;l0-u-Œo -7o-
Ѵ r-7u;‹ Ѵ- l-7u; 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v u;]bv- Ѵ;v1;m|;‹Ѵ-r-u;f-;v7;Ѷ-ोovķlb;m|u-vt†;r-u-Ѵ-v
|u-m †m mbˆ;Ѵ 7; ;v1oѴ-ub7-7 -1†l†Ѵ-7o 0-foķ _-0b;m7o 7;l࢙vķѴ-7b=;u;m1b-;v7;ѵ-ोovĺ&m_-ѴѴ-Œ]oblrou|-m|;
-Ѵ1-mŒ-m7o;ml-‹oul;7b7-;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ0࢙vb1o7;;7†1-- ;mѴot†;u;vr;1|--Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-;v;Ѵ-†l;m|o
1bॕmĺ m;Ѵ1om|;Š|o7;;v|;-m࢙Ѵbvbvķr-u--l0ov]u†rov 7;Ѷѷ;mѴ-rovb0bѴb7-77;Ѵ-l†f;ut†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-
7;l†f;u;vķѴ-;v1oѴ-ubŒ-1bॕm;m-l0ovr-7u;vmou;]bv|u- rou1-7--ोo;mt†;v;bm1u;l;m|-Ѵ-7b=;u;m1b-7;;7-7
7b=;u;m1b-vvb]mbC1-ঞˆ-vķѴot†;r†7b;u-bm7b1-ut†;;v|- 1omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-v†r-u;f-ĺ
ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;|;m7uझ-;v1-v-bm1b7;m1b-;mѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;
m;Ѵlbvlov;mঞ7oķ;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo-Ѵ1-mŒ-7orouѴ-
;l0-u-Œ-uv;7†u-m|;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ78
r-u;f-or-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-7;Ѵ-l†f;uķঞ;-

78
v|ou;t†;ubuझ-†m-l-‹ouruo=†m7bŒ-1bॕm;m;v|†7bovrov|;ubou;vĺ

84 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

m;†m-bmY†;m1b-blrou|-m|;;mѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;Ѵ;l- ;Ѵ Ѷѵѷ 7; v†v r-u;f-v v; ;m1om|u-0- u;-ѴbŒ-m7o -Ѵ]†m-
0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ†-m7oѴ-r-u;f-_--Ѵ1-mŒ-7o -1ঞˆb7-7;1omॕlb1-ĺ
;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo†mbˆ;uvb|-ubov;u;7†1;;mƕƔѷѴ-rovb-
-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmv;ो-Ѵ-†m-7b=;u;m1b-blrou|-m|;7;Ƒƕ
0bѴb7-77;o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ
r†m|ov;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo†mbˆ;uvb|-ubo7;Ѵ-
ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmr;ulb|;m1om1Ѵ†but†; r-u;f-ķ;m1om|u-7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;m
Ѵ-v†mbom;v|;lru-m-v1omvঞ|†‹;m†m=-1|out†;bm1b7; Ѵ-;|-r--7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ";u;]bv|u-t†;voѴo;ѴƐƏѷ7;Ѵ-v
7bu;1|-l;m|;;m;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo7†u-m|;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ- r-u;f-v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-
l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;7ॕ;l0-u-Œ-7-rourubl;u- -11;7b;uom-;v|;mbˆ;Ѵķlb;m|u-vt†;ķr-u-Ѵ-vr-u;f-v7;
ˆ;Œ lb;m|u-v ˆbˆझ- 1om v† r-u;f- ŐƔƔѷőķ u;]bv|u࢙m7ov; Ѵ-vl†f;u;v7;;l0-u-Œorov|;ubouv;u;rou|ॕ†mƒƕѷĺ
rou1;m|-f;vvblbѴ-u;v;m|u;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v7;-l0ov]u†rov
mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-;7-7ķv;o0v;uˆ-t†;Ѵovr-7u;v7;Ѵrub-
bmˆ;vঞ]-7ovĺvblbvloķv;o0v;uˆ-;m;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;Ѵov
l;u_bfo7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vঞ;m;m†m-;7-7ruo-
7-|ovt†;ķlb;m|u-vl࢙vfoˆ;mv;bmb1b-Ѵ-†mbॕmķ;vl--
l;7bol;mouŐƑƓ-ोovőt†;-t†;ѴѴov1†‹-r-u;f-v;;l-
‹ouѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;t†;o1†uu-†m;l0-u-Œo7†u-m|;
0-u-Œॕ;m†mr;uझo7orov|;ubouŐƑѶ-ोovőĺ
Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
-0;v;ो-Ѵ-ut†;Ѵ-u;Ѵ-1bॕmv;mঞl;m|-Ѵ=†;l-m|;mb7-
-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵovr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;Ѵrubl;u 7;vr†࣐v7;t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-;ml࢙v7;ѴѶƏѷ7;Ѵov
_bfoņ-7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vbmˆ;vঞ]-7-v 1-vovĺouo|uoѴ-7oķ;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒobmY†‹ॕ;mѴ-u†r|†u-7;
Ѵ- u;Ѵ-1bॕm ;m l;mou l;7b7- t†; o|u-v u-Œom;vķ vb;m7o
m;Ѵl-u1o7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmķv;7;v-uuoѴѴॕ†mlॕ7†Ѵo
Ѵ- rubm1br-Ѵ u-Œॕm t†; ;Ѵ r-7u; 0†v1ॕ o|u- r-u;f-ķ o v†
r-u-1omo1;u1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵovr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ovoѴ-
u;1_-Œo -Ѵ l-|ublombo o Ѵ- †mbॕm Ѵb0u;ĺ o o0v|-m|;ķ ;Ѵ
r-u;f-7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vķruo=†m7bŒ࢙m7ov;;m
ƒƏѷmot†bvou;1omo1;uv†r-|;umb7-7‹;ѴƐƕѷ1†Ѵr-0-
1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;lo]u࢙C1-vķ;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆoķorou|†-
-Ѵ-l†f;urou;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ
mb7-7;vѴ-0ou-Ѵ;vķ;ѴuoѴ-v†lb7o;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-vu;vrom-
v-0bѴb7-7;v;mѴ-1ub-mŒ-7;Ѵov_bfov;_bf-vķ‹;Ѵ-ro‹o ";7;0;v;ो-Ѵ-ut†;1-vb;ѴƐƏѷbm7b1ॕt†;Ѵ-ˆboѴ;m1b-
;1omॕlb1o-Ѵ-=-lbѴb-ĺ79 7ol࣐vঞ1-_-0झ-vb7oѴ-u-Œॕm7;Ѵ-u†r|†u-ķvb;m7ol-‹ou
;mѴ-vl†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĸƐƐѷ;m|u;Ѵ-v
ov7-|ovbm7b1-mt†;l࢙v7;ѴƖƏѷ7;Ѵovr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b-
t†;|†ˆb;uom;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹ƕѷr-u-Ѵ-v
1ov7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-7;Ѵ-l†f;u;v|࢙m-Ѵ=-0;ঞŒ-7ovķu;-
t†; |†ˆb;uom ;l0-u-Œo rov|;ubouĺ ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov u;rou-
rou|࢙m7ov;†ml-‹ourou1;m|-f;;m|u;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v1†‹o
|-mt†;voѴo;m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ-
;l0-u-Œoo1†uubॕ;m;|-r-vrov|;ubou;v-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-v;ˆ;ubC1-uom1-vov7;u†r|†u-rou-Ѵ1o_o-
ŐƖѵѷőt†;;m|u;Ѵ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m-
Ѵbvloo-7b11bॕm-Ѵ-v7uo]-vŐƕѷőĺ
1b-ŐƖƑѷőĺvblbvloķ;ѴƐƔѷ7;Ѵ-vr-u;f-v_--Ѵ1-mŒ-7o
;Ѵ mbˆ;Ѵ †mbˆ;uvb|-uboķ ƒѷ ;Ѵ mbˆ;Ѵ l;7bo ‹ ƑƖѷ ;Ѵ mbˆ;Ѵ m1†-m|o-Ѵ-ro‹ot†;u;1b0b;uomѴ-vl-7u;v;m|u;ˆbv|--
0࢙vb1oĺѴlol;m|o7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vķ 7-v7;r-u|;7;Ѵ-r-u;f-;mѴ-1ub-mŒ-7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoķv;

79
-vbm=oul-1bom;v-m-ѴbŒ-7-vvomu;Ѵ-ঞˆ-v-Ѵ-r-u;f-or-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†rubl;u_bfoņ--Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoķ7;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v
bmˆ;vঞ]-7-vĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 85
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Tabla 8
o0v;uˆ-t†;l࢙v7;ѴƖƏѷu;-ѴbŒ-†m-rou|;;1omॕlb1o
(! ""   ""!  
ˆoѴ†m|-ub-l;m|;ķlb;m|u-vt†;r-u-;ѴƐƏѷ7;Ѵov1-vov
 ! ࠎ ! !ņ
=†;m;1;v-ubovoѴb1b|-u†m|u࢙lb|;f†7b1b-Ѵĺvblbvloķl࢙v " $! ("$ "
7;ѵƏѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v-Cul-mt†;Ѵ-r-u;f-1om|ub0†‹; l0-u-Œo7; l0-u-Œo1om
(-ub-0Ѵ;v
ƐƑ-ƐƖ-ोov ƑƏ‹l࢙v-ोov
1om7bv1brѴbm-ķf†;]-ķ‹;mv;ो-ˆ-Ѵou;vlou-Ѵ;v‹ņou;Ѵb]bo-
Ѵ=-0;ঞŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ
vov-Ѵmbोoombो-ĺ
r-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;
ƖƑѷ Ɩѵѷ
ѴovņѴ-v_bfovņ-v
†lrѴbu;ѴuoѴ7;r-7u;mov;-vo1b-;ml-‹oul;7b7-- de las entrevistadas
1om|ub0†bu1om;Ѵ-ro‹o-Ѵov_bfov;_bf-v;mѴ-u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕm uorou1bॕm7;r-7u;v
7;Ѵ-v|-u;-v;v1oѴ-u;vķ;mѴot†;r†;7;bm1b7buѴ-r;ur;- 0boѴॕ]b1ov7;ѴovņѴ-v
_bfovņ-v7;Ѵ-v
|†-1bॕm7;uoѴ;v|u-7b1bom-Ѵ;v;m|࣐ulbmov7;]࣐m;uo;m ƐƏѷ ƒƕѷ
entrevistadas, que
Ѵ-;v=;u-=-lbѴb-u‹1ol†mb|-ub-ĺ Ѵ-ro‹o7;Ѵ-r-u;f-1om -Ѵ1-mŒ-uomѴ-
universidad
Ѵ-v|-u;-v7;Ѵov_bfovķ=†;l;m1bom-7ovॕѴorouƒѶѷ7;
Edad promedio de
Ѵ-v l†f;u;vĺ -v t†; =†;uom l-7u;v ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- Ѵovr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov
ƑƓ-ोov ƑѶ-ोov
u;rou|-m ;v|; -ro‹o 1om †m rou1;m|-f; 7; ƓƐѷķ lb;m- 7;ѴovņѴ-v_bfovņ-v
de las entrevistadas
|u-vt†;ķr-u-;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-vl-7u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom
Apoyo con las tareas
;m†m-;|-r-rov|;ubouķ=†;u;rou|-7o;m;ѴƑѵѷ7;Ѵov 7;ѴovņѴ-v_bfovņ-v
1-vovĺ por parte de su padre Ƒѵѷ ƓƐѷ
0boѴॕ]b1o
;-1†;u7o-Ѵovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmķl࢙v7;Ѵ
ƓƔѷ-v†l;;ѴuoѴ7;1om|ub0†bu1omѴ-v|-u;-v7;Ѵ_o]-uķ Ausencia de apoyo
por parte del padre
o1†b7-u-Ѵmbोolb;m|u-vѴ-l†f;u|u-0-f-ķo-‹†7-u-Ѵov 0boѴॕ]b1o7;ѴovņѴ-v ƑƏѷ ƐƑѷ
niños y niñas con las responsabilidades o tareas escola- _bfovņ-v7;Ѵ-v
entrevistadas
u;vĺ ou o|uo Ѵ-7oķ -l0ov ]u†rov 7; l†f;u;v vbmঞ;uom
;Ѵ-ro‹o‹ruo|;11bॕm7;Ѵ-r-u;f-7†u-m|;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķ †;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

vb;m7o;Šru;v-7o;ml࢙v7;ѴƕƏѷ7;Ѵov1-vovĺov7-|ov
u;Y;f-m†ml-‹our;vor-u-Ѵ-vl-7u;v1†‹o;l0-u-Œo
o1†uubॕ;m†m-;|-r-rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ŐѶƑѷőķ
t†; Ѵo u;rou|-7o rou Ѵ-v l†f;u;v 1om ;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ-
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ŐƕƐѷőĺ

;Ѵ|o|-Ѵ7;l†f;u;vt†;mo1omˆbˆ;1om;Ѵr-7u;7;v†v ŐƖѵѷőķl;7b1bm-vŐƖƒѷőķѴ;1_;o=ॕul†Ѵ-ŐѶƔѷőķ-uঠ1†Ѵov
_bfovķvॕѴo;ѴƐƐѷu;1b0;†m-r;mvbॕm-Ѵbl;mঞ1b-l;mv†-Ѵĺ 7;1†b7-7or;uvom-Ѵ1olof-0ॕmo-1;b|;ŐѶƓѷő‹r-ो--
r;v-u7;Ѵ0-forou1;m|-f;7;r-7u;vt†;-rou|-m1om Ѵ;v7;v;1_-0Ѵ;vo-uঠ1†Ѵov7;Ѵ_o]-uŐѵƒѷőĺ v|ov-uঠ1†-
-‹†7- lom;|-ub-ķ 1-vb Ѵ- lb|-7 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ;m1†;v- los son recibidos principalmente con frecuencia mensual
|-7-v bm7b1- u;1b0bu o|uo ঞro 7; -‹†7- 7;Ѵ r-7u;ķ r;uo ŐƓƑѷőot†bm1;m-ѴŐƑƐѷőķ-†mt†;;m|oumo-ѴƐƔѷbm7b1-
1omvঞ|†‹;m -‹†7-v ;m ;vr;1b;ķ |-Ѵ;v 1oloĹ -Ѵbl;m|ov u;1b0buѴovv;l-m-Ѵo7b-ub-l;m|;ĺ

86 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Recuadro 10
"$! &҃ $! &"  !$&  "
Y EL DESEO DE SUPERACIÓN

"†v r-7u;v ѴѴ;]-uom 7;v7; $;m-u;v - - ঞ;m; 7bm;uo r-u- r-]-u ;Ѵ r-v-f;ķ 7;7b1- mѴ--1|†-Ѵb7-7moˆbˆ;1omѴ-l-7u;7;v†
b࣐m-]-ķ olbm]o"-ˆboķ7om7;࣐Ѵm-1bॕ‹ 7झ-v 1olrѴ;|ov - u;r-uঞu v† 1†uuझ1†Ѵ†l ‹ _bf-ĸ |;ulbm-uom v† moˆb-Œ]oĺľ$†ˆblo †m-
_-ˆbˆb7ovb;lru;ĺ†-m7oJuan|;mझ--r;- ˆbvb|-u;lru;v-vro|;m1b-Ѵ;v7om7;r†7b;u- u;Ѵ-1bॕmt†;7†uॕ‹|†ˆblo†m-mbो-‹-ѴCm
m-vƐƔ-ोov7;;7-7ķ;mrubl;uo7;0-1_b- |u-0-f-uĺu;;t†;l†1_ovfॕˆ;m;vv;7;7b- ‹-Ѵ1-0o-]-uuॕ;ѴѴ-v†Ѵ-o‹‹o;ѴlझoĿĺ ѴѴ-
ѴѴ;u-|oķ7;fॕѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-ĸ|;mझ-t†;|u-0-f-u 1-m-Ѵ-7;Ѵbm1†;m1b-rout†;rouv†0-uubo 1omঞm†ॕv†v;v|†7bov‹‹-_o‹;v|࢙;m|;u-
mo _-‹ orou|†mb7-7;v Ѵ-0ou-Ѵ;vĺ ľ"b †v|;7 1;uo7;0-1_bѴѴ;u-|oĸ|-l0b࣐m_bŒo†m1†uvo
r-u-l-m|;m;uv;‹-‹†7-u-v†l-l࢙ķt†;
ˆ- - Ѵ- 1-ѴѴ; t†; Ѵ; 7b1;m Ѵ- Ɣķ ;v- 1-ѴѴ; ࣐ 7; =-ul-1b-ķ r;uo |-lro1o ;v|࢙ |u-0-f-m7o
;mˆb†7ॕ;v|-m7o࣐Ѵ-িml†‹foˆ;mĺľ+o1o-
1-Ѵb;m|;ķ|oѴo1-u-fb|o7;lb;7-7vom7;Ѵbm- -†mt†; _- 0†v1-7o orou|†mb7-7;v ruo-1ঞ-
l;m1࣐-|u-0-f-uŒ-r-|;uझ-ķ_-1b;m7oŒ-r--
1†;m|;-_ou-ĺof-ѴѴ-m|u-0-fo‹Ѵot†;v; ˆ-l;m|;ĺ
|ovķ 7;vr†࣐v _; |u-0-f-7o ;m l†1_- 1ov-

El haber tenido a su hija tan joven retrasó su estudios aún más,


pero se quiere apuntar en PREPARA para estudiar los sábados
‹|;ulbm-u;Ѳ0-1_bѲѲ;u-|oķ|-l0bߪmt†b;u;_-1;u†m1†uvo;mu;=ub];u-1bࡱm
‹v;u|ߪ1mb1o-†|olo|ubŒruo=;vbom-Ѳ;m;Ѳ=†|†uoĸ

‹oĹ;m†mu;v|-†u-m|;ķ;m1omv|u†11bॕmĺĺĺ+o ঞu-mr-Ѵ-1-ѴѴ;ĿĺCul-t†;l†1_ov7;v†v Ѵ_-0;u|;mb7o-v†_bf-|-mfoˆ;mu;|u-vॕv†


_;_;1_o7;|oĽĿĺ -lb]ovvom7;Ѵbm1†;m|;v‹;v|࢙mru;vovo ;v|†7bov-িml࢙vķr;uov;t†b;u;-r†m|-u;m
$-l0b࣐ml†‹foˆ;mbmb1bॕv†ˆb7-v;Š†-Ѵ‹ l†;u|ovĺ ! !r-u-;v|†7b-uѴovv࢙0-7ov‹|;ulb-
=†;r-7u;rourubl;u-ˆ;Œ1†-m7o|;mझ-ƐƖ ‫ݽ‬Ѵ mo 1omࣱ- ;m Ѵov roѴझঞ1ov t†; vॕѴo Ѵ; m-u;Ѵ0-1_bѴѴ;u-|oĸ|-l0b࣐mt†b;u;_-1;u†m
-ोov7;;7-7‹;ѴѴ-Ɛѵĺ†mt†;mo;v|-0-m ruol;|;m -Ѵ r†;0Ѵo ‹ v; -r-u;1;m 1-7- 1†uvo;mu;=ub];u-1bॕm‹v;u|࣐1mb1o-†|olo-
†v-m7o mbm]িm l࣐|o7o -mঞ1om1;rঞˆoķ 1†-|uo -ोovĺ ľ ;vr†࣐v 7; Ѵ-v ;Ѵ;11bom;v |ubŒruo=;vbom-Ѵ;m;Ѵ=†|†uoĺ
r-u-;ѴѴov=†;†m-vouru;v-;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹ mov -0-m7om-mķ mo _-1;m l࢙v m-7-Ŀĺ ; $o7ovѴov7झ-vˆbvb|--v†_bf-‹-rou|-1omѴo
- ;ѴѴ- Ѵ- v-1-uom 7; Ѵ- ;v1†;Ѵ- 7om7; ;v- ;m1-m|-uझ-ˆ;u t†; ;Ѵ -Ѵ1-Ѵ7; u;1o]b;u- Ѵ- t†;r†;7;-v†l-m†|;m1bॕmĺ7;l࢙vķ-†m-
|-0-ĺ 0-v†u- 7; v† 0-uubo ; bmv|-Ѵ-u- †m |-ѴѴ;u t†;Ѵ-mbो-vॕѴoঞ;m;Ɛ-ोo‹l;7bo7;;7-7ķ
_ou-lbvloঞ;m;ƑƐ-ोov7;;7-7‹mo 7om7;Ѵovfॕˆ;m;vr†;7-m|u-0-f-uĺľom; v;l-m-Ѵl;m|;Ѵ-ѴѴ;ˆ-7;r-v;oĺ
;v|࢙ |u-0-f-m7oķ 7b1; t†; ;v|࢙ 7; ˆ-]oķ †m |-ѴѴ;u1b|o r-u- t†; Ѵo foˆ;m; |u-0-f;mķ

r;uo1omC;v-t†;࣐Ѵmouo0-ķmoѴ;]†v|- _-]-m -Ѵ]o r- t†; mo |;m ;m Ѵ- 1-ѴѴ; _--

1o];uv; Ѵo -f;moĺ m o1-vbom;vķ 1†-m7o 1b;m7oѴol-Ѵ_;1_oĿĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 87
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Recuadro 11
BRECHA ENTRE LOS GÉNEROS A LO LARGO DEL CICLO DE VIDA

Ѵ r-m;Ѵ 7; 0u;1_-v 7; ]࣐m;uo - Ѵo Ѵ-u]o v;]িm v† 7;v;lr;ोoĹ v†r;ubouķ l;7bo ; 7;v;lr;ोobm=;ubou;v;Ѵu;Ѵ-1bom-7o1om
7;Ѵ 1b1Ѵo 7; ˆb7- ;v †m- v;Ѵ;11bॕm 7; ƐƓ bm=;ubouĺ ;Ѵ|o|-Ѵ7;bm7b1-7ou;vķ!;rি0Ѵb- ;Ѵ -11;vo - r;mvbॕmĺ v|; িѴঞlo ;v|࢙ u;-
bm7b1-7ou;v 1Ѵ-ˆ; t†; l†;v|u- Ѵ-v 7b=;- 1- olbmb1-m-ru;v;m|-ƒƔĺƕѷ;m7;v;l- Ѵ-1bom-7o1om7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v7;-11;vo-
u;m1b-v7;]࣐m;uov;]িmѴ-v;|-r-vŐmbो;Œ r;ोo v†r;ubouķ ƒƔĺƕѷ ;m l;7bo ‹ ƑѶĺѵѷ ;lrѴ;ov7;1-Ѵb7-7‹=oul-Ѵ;v;m;|-r-v
‹-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ-7†Ѵ|;Œ‹ˆ;f;Œő;Ѵ-0ou-7o ;mbm=;ubouĺ -m|;ubou;vĺ
rou;Ѵ& r-u-;Ѵm=oul;vo0u; ;v-- mѴ-;|-r-7;bm=-m1b-‹-7oѴ;v1;m1b-Ѵov -v0u;1_-v7;1b1Ѵov7;ˆb7-bmb1b-Ѵ;vঞ;-
uuoѴѴo†l-moƑƏƐѵĺ-v7bl;mvbom;vt†; bm7b1-7ou;v 1om 7;v;lr;ोo bm=;ubou vom m;m †m blr-1|o -1†l†Ѵ-ঞˆo ;m ;|-r-v
1olru;m7;m;v|ovbm7b1-7ou;vvomv-Ѵ†7ķ 7;v;lrѴ;of†ˆ;mbѴ‹Ѵ-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7 rov|;ubou;vĺ -v 7bC1†Ѵ|-7;v 7; bmv;u-
;7†1-1bॕmķ l;u1-7o Ѵ-0ou-Ѵ ‹ ruo|;11bॕm ;m -7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ t†; -=;1|-m ;m l-‹ou 1bॕm ;m ;Ѵ l;u1-7o Ѵ-0ou-Ѵ r-u- Ѵ- l†f;u
vo1b-Ѵĺ Ѵ]†mov bm7b1-7ou;v v; ru;v;m|-m l;7b7--Ѵ-l†f;uĺ mѴ-;|-r-7;-7†Ѵ|;Œ v;l-mঞ;m;m-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ķ
voѴor-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;v‹o|uovv;u;]bv|u-m |-l0b࣐mv;u;]bv|u-†m-0u;1_-blrou|-m- -=;1|-m7o Ѵ-v rovb0bѴb7-7;v 7; †m- ˆ;f;Œ
1olo†m-u-Œॕm_ol0u;Ŋl†f;uĺ |;;m;Ѵbm7b1-7ou7;7;v;lrѴ;o|o|-Ѵķ7;v- 7b]m-ĺ -v 0u;1_-v 7; ]࣐m;uo rou |-m|oķ
-u- 1-7- bm7b1-7ouķ Ѵov r-झv;v v; 1-|;- =-ˆou-0Ѵ;r-u-Ѵ-l†f;uĺ 7;0;m v;u -m-ѴbŒ-7-v  r-u- Cm;v 7; roѴझ-
]oubŒ-m ;m ƒ ]u†rov 7; |-l-ोo vblbѴ-uķ m Ѵ- ;|-r- 7; Ѵ- ˆ;f;Œķ ;Ѵ bm7b1-7ou 1om ঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-v-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺ

 "ࠎ   ! !


uorou1bॕm;m|u;mbोov‹mbो-v-Ѵm-1;u
;v;lr;ोov†r;ubou
Őm-1blb;m|ov7;mbोovrou1-7-m-1blb;m|o7;mbो-ő
$-v-7;7;v;lrѴ;of†ˆ;mbѴŐuorou1bॕm;m|u;_ol0u;v‹l†f;u;vő ;v;lr;ोobm=;ubou

 + $-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7;m|u;-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
;v;lr;ोobm=;ubou
Őm-1blb;m|ovrou1-7-ƐĺƏƏƏl†f;u;v7;;m|u;ƐƔ‹ƐƖ-ोovő
  " 
u;;v1oѴ-uŐѷ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm=;l;mbm-;m;7-7ru;;v1oѴ-uő ;v;lr;ोoruol;7bo
ubl-ub-Őѷ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm=;l;mbm-;m;7-77;1†uv-urubl-ub-ő ;v;lr;ोoruol;7bo
";1†m7-ub-Őѷ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm=;l;mbm-;m;7-77;1†uv-uv;1†m7-ub-ő ;v;lr;ोoruol;7bo
o0Ѵ-1bॕm1om-Ѵl;mov-Ѵ]িmঞro7;;7†1-1bॕmv;1†m7-ub-
;v;lr;ोov†r;ubou
Őuorou1bॕm;m|u;_ol0u;v‹l†f;u;vő
$-v-7;7;v;lrѴ;o|o|-ѴŐuorou1bॕm;m|u;_ol0u;v‹l†f;u;vő ;v;lr;ोobm=;ubou
߈m7b1;7;lou|-Ѵb7-7l-|;um-Ő†;u|;vrou1-7-ƐƏƏķƏƏƏm-1b7ovˆbˆovő ;v;lr;ोoruol;7bo
 &$ ,
uorou1bॕm7;;lrѴ;ou;l†m;u-7o;m;Ѵv;1|oumo-]uझ1oѴ-ķl†f;u;v
;v;lr;ोoruol;7bo
Őѷ7;Ѵ|o|-Ѵ7;Ѵ;lrѴ;ou;l†m;u-7o;m;Ѵv;1|oumo-]uझ1oѴ-ő
;]bvѴ-7ou-vķ-Ѵ|-v=†m1bom-ub-v‹7bu;1ঞˆ-vŐѷ7;Ѵ|o|-Ѵő ;v;lr;ोov†r;ubou
uorou1bॕm7;;v1-ोov;m;Ѵr-uѴ-l;m|oŐѷo1†r-7ovroul†f;u;vő ;v;lr;ोoruol;7bo
vr;u-mŒ-7;ˆb7--ѴovƔƏ-ोovķl†f;u;vŐ-ोovő ;v;lr;ोov†r;ubou
(  ,
;m;C1b-ubov7;Ѵ-r;mvbॕmrouˆ;f;ŒŐuorou1bॕm;m|u;l†f;u;v‹_ol0u;vő ;v;lr;ोobm=;ubou

†;m|;ĹĹm=oul;7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moƑƏƐѵĹ ;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mor-u-|o7-vѴ-vr;uvom-vĺ

88 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

ő(b7-7b]m-‹7;u;1_ov ;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ m ;=;1|oķ v; u;]bv|uॕ 7;


†m- 7b=;u;m1b- 7; Ɣ r†m|ov rou1;m|†-Ѵ;v ;m|u; Ѵ-v l†-
mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-7;u;1_ov-v;]†ub7-7;mv-Ѵ†7ķѴ-|-v-7;
f;u;v1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œoo1†uubॕ;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹
1o0;u|†u-;m1-Ѵb7-77;-CѴb-7-rubm1br-Ѵo7;r;m7b;m|;ķ
-t†;ѴѴ-vl†f;u;v1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œo=†;rov|;ubouķ-
u;rou|- r-u- |o7ov Ѵov ]u†rov †m- 1b=u- 7; ѵѵѷķ r;uoķ
=-ˆou7;;v|;িѴঞlo]u†roĺ
r-u-Ѵ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;m†m-;|-r-rov|;ubou-Ѵ-
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķu;v†Ѵ|-v†r;ubou;mƖr†m|ov0࢙vb1ovŐƕƒѷő ѴѶѷ7;Ѵov_bfov;_bf-v7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vmo_-m
t†;Ѵ-1o0;u|†u-7;Ѵ-vt†;-Ѵ†l0u-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m- vb7o 7;1Ѵ-u-7ov o _-m vb7o 7;1Ѵ-u-7ovķ r;uo mo ঞ;m;m
1b-ŐѵƓѷőĺ ;Ѵ-1|-7;m-1blb;m|oĸѴot†;7bC1†Ѵ|-uझ--11;7;u-v;u-
ˆb1bov vo1b-Ѵ;vķ ;vr;1b-Ѵl;m|; - Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕm r-u- ;v|-
-blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm7;Ѵ-;‹7;";]†ub7-7"o1b-ѴoĺѶƕŊ
ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;m;7-7;v1oѴ-uĺ mѴov_o]-u;v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v
ƏƐ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵu࣐]bl;mv†0vb7b-7oķ=o1-ѴbŒ-7o;mѴ-ro-
t†;=†;uoml-7u;v;m;|-r-rov|;ubouķmov;;m1om|u-uom
0Ѵ-1bॕmro0u;ķ_-blrѴb1-7ol-‹ou;t†b7-7ķ-v;]†u-m7o
7;v1;m7b;m|;vvbm7o1†l;m|-1bॕmĺ
;Ѵ7;u;1_o-Ѵov0;m;C1bov7;ѴѴ-m࢙vb1o7;"-Ѵ†7ķ;v-
r;1b-Ѵl;m|;;mѴ-vro0Ѵ-1bom;vl࢙vˆ†Ѵm;u-0Ѵ;vĺ"bm;l- - 0u;1_- 7; -v;]†u-lb;m|o 7; Ѵov _bfov ; _bf-v ;v 7;
bargo, el comportamiento de la tasa de aseguramiento ƔѶѷķ-†mt†;1oml-‹ourou1;m|-f;r-u-Ѵ-ruo];mb;7;
rou ;Ѵ 1b1Ѵo 7;ˆb7- 7; Ѵov lb;l0uov 7; ;v|ov _o]-u;vķ Ѵ-v t†; =†;uom l-7u;v ;m Ѵ- ;|-r- -7oѴ;v1;m|; ŐƔƖѷőķ
t†; ;v l࢙v 0-f- ;m Ѵov rubl;uov -ोov 7;ˆb7-‹ r;uCѴ- lb;m|u-v t†; Ѵ-v 7; ;l0-u-Œo rov|;ubou u;rou|-m ƓƐѷĺ
†m-|;m7;m1b--bm1u;l;m|-uv;-l;7b7-t†;-†l;m|-Ѵ- ov 7-|ov v;ो-Ѵ-m t†; ;Ѵ ƐƔѷ 7; Ѵov _bfov ; _bf-v ;v|࢙
;7-77;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vķ;v†m_-ѴѴ-Œ]oru;o1†r-m|;ĺ l-|ub1†Ѵ-7o;m;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵru;;v1oѴ-u‹ѶƓѷ;m;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ0࢙vb-
1oķ1omu;7†1b7-v7b=;u;m1b-v;m|u;Ѵov]u†rov7;l†f;u;v
- v†0Ŋ1o0;u|†u- 7; Ѵov lb;l0uov l;mou;v 7; Ɣ -ोov
rou;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺ
u;rou|-†m-|-v-7;ѵƖѷķlb;m|u-vt†;r-u-Ѵ-v;7-7;v
;v1oѴ-u;v ‹ ru;Ŋ-7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;m|u; ѵŊƐƐ -ोov u;rou|- - r;u1;r1bॕm 7; bmv;]†ub7-7 -Ѵbl;m|-ub- 7;Ѵ 1omf†m|o
ƔƓѷķr;uoķr-u-Ѵov-7†Ѵ|ovl-‹ou;v7;ѵƔ-ोovķu;]bv- familiar81u;]bv|u-†mrou1;m|-f;7;ѶƏѷ;m;Ѵ]u†ro7;
|u-†m-0u;1_-l;mouķ7;Ɛƕѷĺ";u;t†b;u;bm1b7bu7;v7; l†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ-;|-r--7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ†mt†;
Ѵ-v roѴझঞ1-v rি0Ѵb1-v r-u- Ѵo]u-u †m- l;fou vbm1uomझ-ķ ‹ ;v†m-ru;o1†r-1bॕmru;v;m|;;m|u;Ѵ-vl-7u;v7;;l-
1omvbv|;m1b-;m;Ѵ-11;vo-Ѵovv;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7rouѴov 0-u-Œorov|;ubouķu;rou|-uom†mrou1;m|-f;l;mouŐѵƖѷőĺ
ub;v]ovt†;;m=u;m|-mѴov1b1Ѵov7;ˆb7-ĺ
- 7b=;u;m1b- ;m Ѵ- r;u1;r1bॕm ;m|u; -l0ov ]u†rov 7;
- bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm ruo=†m7bŒॕ ;m 7;|;ulbm-u -Ѵ]†m-v 1-- l†f;u;v;vl;mou1†-m7ov;1†;vঞom-vo0u;Ѵ-bmv;]†-
u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵ0b;m;v|-u‹7;Ѵblb|-1bom;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo ridad de alimentos para los adultos del hogar, reportán-
_†l-mo r-u- Ѵov _bfov ; _bf-v 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v bmˆ;vঞ]-- 7ov;ѵƕѷ;m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-v;l0-u-Œ-7-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹
7-vĺ ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov v;ो-Ѵ-m †m- -vo1b-1bॕm 7; l†;u|;v 7;ƔƖѷr-u-Ѵ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uomrov|;uboul;m|;ĺ-
bm=-mঞѴ;v;mѴovিѴঞlovv;bv-ोov801omѴ-1om7b1bॕm7; bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmu;rou|-†m-l-‹oubmv;]†ub7-7-Ѵbl;m|-ub-

80
";u;C;u;-Ѵovv;bv-ोov-m|;ubou;v-Ѵ-u;1oѴ;11bॕm7;bm=oul-1bॕm;m;Ѵl-u1o7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmĺ
81
-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;1†-mঞC1ॕѴ-r;u1;r1bॕm7;bmv;]†ub7-7-Ѵbl;m|-ub-ru;]†m|-m7ovb-ˆ;1;vo=u;1†;m|;l;m|;v;ru;v;m|-Ѵ-1om7b1bॕm7;v-Ѵ|-u1olb7-vobu-7oulbu
vbm_-0;u|ol-7o-Ѵbl;m|ovĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 89
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

en los niños y niñas percibida de las madres adolescen-


Tabla 9
|;vķbm=oul-7orouѴ-7b=;u;m1b-7;ƐƐr†m|ov1omu;Ѵ-- (! " !( "
1bॕm - Ѵov _bfovņ-v 7; l-7u;v 1om ;l0-u-Œo rov|;ubouĺ (  + ! "
m;=;1|oķ;v|-vb|†-1bॕm=†;u;rou|-7-rou;ѴƔƕѷ7;Ѵ-v l0-u-Œo7; l0-u-Œo1om
(-ub-0Ѵ;v
ƐƑ-ƐƖ-ोov ƑƏ‹l࢙v-ोov
l†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹rou;ѴƓѵѷ
m=oul-1bॕmvo0u;""! Ɠѵѷ Ɣƕѷ
7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v7;;l0-u-Œorov|;ubouĺ
†uvov1olrѴ;l;m|-ubov Ɛƕѷ ƒƑѷ

m|࣐ulbmov7;-11;vo-1omo1blb;m|ovvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;- b=;u;m1b-7;;7-77;Ѵ-
Ѷ-ोov ѵ-ोov
r-u;f-Őrubl;u-†mbॕmő
Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ‹-1-r-1b|-1bॕm1olrѴ;l;m|-ub-t†;
&vo7;l࣐|o7ov7;vr†࣐v
Ѷѵѷ ƕѵѷ
=-1bѴb|-;Ѵu;1omo1blb;m|o7;7;u;1_ov‹ruo1†u-l;fou-u 7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo
Ѵ-v_-0bѴb7-7;vr-u-Ѵ-ˆb7-u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķu;rou|-|-l0b࣐m Aseguramiento Salud
ѵƓѷ ƕƒѷ
Madres
7b=;u;m1b-v-=-ˆou7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;m
v;]†u-lb;m|obfovņ-v ƔƖѷ ƓƐѷ
†m-;|-r-rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ &mbॕmѴb0u; 50% 46%
;1†m7b7-7 ƑĺƐ ƐĺƔ
Ѵ-11;vo-bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞ-
†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ
ˆ-‹ub;v]ov-m|;v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķv;u;rou|ॕ;m;ѴƓѶѷ7;
Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vķ1om7b=;u;m1b-vblrou|-m|;vrou;7-7
7;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺ ѴƔƕѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v1om;l0-u--
Œorov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-_-0झ-Ѵo]u-7o-11;vo-;v|- Ѷѵѷ r-u- Ѵ-v l-7u;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ‹ 7; ƕѵѷ r-u- Ѵ-v
bm=oul-1bॕmķlb;m|u-vt†;Ѵ-vt†;|†ˆb;uom†m;l0-u-Œo t†; |†ˆb;uom ;Ѵ rubl;u ;l0-u-Œo rov|;uboul;m|;ĺ -v
-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķѴobm7b1-uom;mƓѵѷĺ]†-Ѵl;m|;ķv;ˆ;ubC1- l†f;u;v;m-l0ov]u†rov†ঞѴbŒ-m;ml-‹oul;7b7-r-v-
†m-7b=;u;m1b-;m|u;Ѵovrou1;m|-f;v7;u;vr†;v|-;m;Ѵ ঞѴѴ-vŐrझѴ7ou-vőķbm‹;11bom;v-mঞ1om1;rঞˆ-vķ1om;ѴƔѵѷ
acceso a informaciones sobre enfermedades de trasmi- ‹ƒƓѷķu;vr;1ঞˆ-l;m|;ĺ ѴblrѴ-m|;;v;Ѵ|;u1;ul࣐|o-
vbॕmv;Š†-Ѵ7;ƕr†m|ovĸ‹-bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;ub;v]ov7; 7o7;ru;ˆ;m1bॕm†v-7orou;ѴƐƑѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v‹;Ѵ
;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ1om7b=;u;m1b-7;Ɣr†m|ovĺ 1om7ॕml-v1†Ѵbmo‹;Ѵ7bvrovbঞˆobm|u-†|;ubmoŐ &ővom
m -l0ov 1-vov ;m 7;|ubl;m|o ;m Ѵ- l†f;u 1om ;l0-- †ঞѴbŒ-7ovroul;mov7;Ѵѵѷ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmo0f;ঞˆo;m-
u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ m;=;1|oķv;]িmm†;v|u-v;vঞ- 1†;v|-7-ĺ ov u;v|-m|;v l࣐|o7ov u;]bv|u-m rou1;m|-f;v
l-1bom;vķu;1b0bubm=oul-1bॕm;=;1ঞˆ-vo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ bm=;ubou;vķ1olo;v|;ubѴbŒ-1bom;vķl࣐|o7o7;Ѵub|loķl;Ѵ-
‹ u;ruo7†1ঞˆ- r†7b;u- u;7†1bu ;m -Ѵu;7;7ou 7; ƒƔѷ Ѵ- ŊѴ-1|-m1b-‹-l;mouu;-Ŋou;ঞuoķt†;vom†ঞѴbŒ-7ovrou
rovb0bѴb7-77;t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-7†u-m|;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m- l;mov 7;Ѵ Ƒѷ 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ;m1†;v|-7-vĺ r;v-u 7;
1b-ĺ v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovu;=†;uŒ-mѴ-v]-m-m1b-vt†;r†;7;m ;v|;-Ѵ|orou1;m|-f;7;†vo7;l࣐|o7ov-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovķ
ruo7†1bu roѴझঞ1-v t†; =ol;m|;m 1omo1blb;m|ov vo0u; Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;|†ˆb;uom;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7o-
ub;v]ov‹7;u;1_ovv;Š†-Ѵ;v‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆovr-u-ru;ˆ;- Ѵ;v1;m1b-u;rou|-m†ml-‹oumিl;uo7;_bfov‹;vr-1bov
mbu;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo|;lru-moĺ bm|;uŊ];m࣐vb1ovl࢙v1ou|ovĺ

$u-v;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoķ;ѴѶƓѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vbmˆ;vঞ- ouo|u-r-u|;ķ;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-u;ruo7†11bॕmrov|;ubou-Ѵ
]-7-v Ő-l0ov ]u†rovő bm7b1- _-0;u †ঞѴbŒ-7o -Ѵ]িm l࣐- rubl;u;l0-u-ŒoķѴ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vঞ;m7;m-|;-
|o7oru;ˆ;mঞˆoķ7bv|ub0†‹࣐m7ov;1om†mrou1;m|-f;7; m;ul࢙v_bfovņ-vt†;Ѵ-vt†;|†ˆb;uom;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u--

90 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Gráfico 33
Œorov|;uboul;m|;ĺ Ѵѵƕѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo
!$ !߈"$""   "
-7oѴ;v1;m|;ঞ;m;;m|u;7ov‹|u;v_bfovņ-vm-1b7ovˆbˆov
DE LA VIVIENDA POR EDAD DEL PRIMER
‹;ѴƑѶѷঞ;m;voѴo†m_bfoĺ v|;1olrou|-lb;m|ou;ruo- EMBARAZO
7†1ঞˆo;v7b=;u;m|;r-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom
rov|;uboul;m|;ķ7;Ѵ-v1†-Ѵ;v1-vb;ѴѵƔѷvॕѴoঞ;m;†m $3,000 RD$2,784 ƑĺƑ
$2,500
_bfoņ-ĺ RD$2,163 ƑĺƐ
$2,000 2.1
ƑĺƐ
$1,500
ƑĺƏ
(őmˆ;uvbॕmvo1b-Ѵ;bm=u-;v|u†1|†u- $1,000
$500 ƐĺƖ
1.9
-v 1om7b1bom;v 7; ru;1-ub;7-7 7; Ѵ-v ˆbˆb;m7-v l†;v- $0 ƐĺƖ
ƐƑ҃ƐƖ ƑƏ҃ƒƏ
tran una marcada diferencia cuando se categorizan los
_o]-u;vrouѴ-;7-7;mt†;o1†uubॕ;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo 7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo

7;Ѵ-foˆ;m;m1†;v|-7-ķˆ;ubC1࢙m7ov;rubˆ-1bom;v;mѴ-v Alquiler promedio Dormitorios


1om7b1bom;v7;ˆb7-t†;v;ˆbvѴ†l0u-m;ml-‹oul;7b7-
r-u- Ѵ-v l†f;u;v t†; |†ˆb;uom v† rubl;u ;l0-u-Œo 7†- †;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

u-m|;v†-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺou;f;lrѴoķ;ѴƖѷ7;Ѵov_o]-u;v
1om l-7u;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;vˆbˆ; ;m †m- 1†-u|;uझ- o r-u|; -7oѴ;v1;m1b-őķ1om†m-7b=;u;m1b-7;ƐƑr†m|ov;m|u;-l-
-|u࢙vķvb;m7oѴ-r;ou1om7b1bॕm7;;v|u†1|†u-vࣱvb1-vķ;m 0ov]u†rovĺ
1om|u-v|; 1om ;Ѵ Ɠѷ 7; -t†;ѴѴ-v ;m Ѵov t†; Ѵ- l†f;u v;
&m-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;t†;1omCul-Ѵ-vru;1-ub;7-7;v;mѴ-v1om-
;l0-u-Œॕrourubl;u-ˆ;Œ-r-uঞu7;ѴovƑƏ-ोovĸvb;m|o
7b1bom;v7;Ѵ-vˆbˆb;m7-v;vѴ-u;7†1b7-ˆ-Ѵou-1bॕmlom;-
†m=-1|ou7;|u-1|ou7;ruo]u;voĺvblbvloķ1omu;vr;1|o
|-ub-t†;ঞ;m;mѴovf;=;v7;_o]-u;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-Ѵt†bѴ;u
-Ѵ-1om7b1bॕmࣱvb1-7;Ѵ-vˆbˆb;m7-vķv;ˆ;ubC1-mrubˆ-1bo-
imputado82ĺovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;;v|-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmu;rou|-m
m;vrouѴov-Ѵ|ovrou1;m|-f;vu;]bv|u-7ov-mbˆ;Ѵ];m;u-Ѵ
t†;;Ѵ1ov|o7;-Ѵt†bѴ;u;vƑƖѷl࢙v-Ѵ|or-u-Ѵ-vˆbˆb;m7-v
‹ t†; u;v-Ѵ|-m 1om u;Ѵ-1bॕm - Ѵov ruol;7bov m-1bom-Ѵ;vĺ
7;l†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uomrouˆ;Œrubl;u-;m|u;Ѵov
vr;1झC1-l;m|;ķ Ѵ-v l-‹ou;v 7b=;u;m1b-v ;m|u; -l0ov
ƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोovķ;m1olr-u-1bॕm1om;Ѵ]u†ro7;l†f;u;v
]u†rovv;u;rou|-uom;mĹbőѴ-vr-u;7;v7;l-7;u-ķ|;f--
1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œoo1†uubॕ;mѴ-;|-r--7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ
l-mbѴo7;v;1_ovŐu;]bv|u-7o;m;ѴƒѶѷ7;_o]-u;v1om
;l0-u-Œov;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹;m;ѴƑƔѷ7;_o]-u;v1om Ѵ-11;vo-v;uˆb1bov0࢙vb1ovl†;v|u-l-‹ou;v1-u;m1b-v
fॕˆ;m;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b- en los hogares donde habitan las madres con embarazo
‹1om†m-7b=;u;m1b-;m|u;-l0ov]u†rov7;Ɛƒr†m|ovő |;lru-moķ 1om l-‹ou;v Ѵblb|-1bom;v ;m Ѵ- ruoˆbvbॕm 7;
‹bbő;m;Ѵझm7b1;7;_-1bm-lb;m|o;Š|u;loŐƔlb;l0uovo -]†-ro|-0Ѵ;1om7b=;u;m1b-7;ƑƐr†m|ovĸ†ঞѴbŒ-1bॕm7;
l࢙v rou 7oulb|ouboő ru;v;m|; ;m ;Ѵ Ɩĺƒѷ 7;Ѵov _o]-u;v Ѵ;|ubm-r-u-7bvrovb1bॕm7;;Š1u;|-v1omƐƓr†m|ovĸm;1;-
1om;l0-u-Œov;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹ƑĺѶѷ;mѴov_o]-u;v vb7-77;u;1oѴ;11bॕm7;0-v†u-1omѵr†m|ovĸ‹;m;Ѵ†vo
1†-m7o;Ѵ;ˆ;m|ov;;=;1|†ॕ;m†m-;|-r-rov|;ubou-Ѵ- 7;Ѵ;ो-‹1-u0ॕmr-u-1o1bm-u7;ƕr†m|ov0࢙vb1ovĺ

82
-;m1†;v|-u;1oѴ;1|ॕbm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;;Ѵˆ-Ѵou7;-Ѵt†bѴ;u7;Ѵ-vˆbˆb;m7-vruorb-vķ1omѴ-ˆ-Ѵou-1bॕmlom;|-ub-u;rou|-7-rou;Ѵlbvlo_o]-uĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 91
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Gráfico 34
 ! " !( "  ! "$!&$&!+" !("
‫! ! !   !""ܬ‬,

80% 72% ƑĺƑ

70% ƑĺƐ
2.1
60%
51% ƑĺƐ
50%
40%
40% ƑĺƏ

30% 26% ƑĺƏ


19%
20%
12% 1.9 12% ƐĺƖ
10% 6%
5% 3%
ƐĺƖ
0%
20-30 años 12-19 años

]†- Piso de tierra Letrina

Basura &vo7;Ѵ;ो-‹1-u0ॕm Dormitorios

$o7-vѴ-v0-uu-v1ouu;vrom7;m-rou1;m|-f;v1om;Š1;r1bॕm7;Ѵ-1-|;]ouझ-7;7oulb|oubovt†;1ouu;vrom7;-Ѵ
ruol;7bo7;;vr-1bovr-u-7oulbuĺ

†;m|;Ĺ& "ņ& ;m0-v;-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-;m1†;v|-ĺ

]†-Ѵl;m|;ķblrou|-m|;;m|࣐ulbmov7;rubˆ-1bॕmķ;Ѵrbvo t†;=†;l-‹ou;mѴov_o]-u;v7;l†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œov
7; ঞ;uu- u;]bv|u- †m Ƒѷ r-u- Ѵov _o]-u;v 7; Ѵ-v l†f;- ;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķv;b7;mঞC1-mu;|ov-িml-‹ou;v;m
u;v1om;l0-u-Œorov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ‹ѵѷr-u- |࣐ulbmov7;1-Ѵb7-77;ˆb7-ĺ
;Ѵ ]u†ro 7; Ѵ-v t†; =†;uom l-7u;v ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
m;Ѵ-11;vo-;t†br-lb;m|oķ1olobm7b1-7ou7;-1ঞˆovķ
†mt†; Ѵ- 7b=;u;m1b- ;m|u; -l0ov ]u†rov ;v 7; voѴo Ɠ
v;ˆ;ubC1-m7b=;u;m1b-v1om7;vˆ;m|-f-r-u-Ѵov_o]-u;v
r†m|ovķѴ-1om7b1bॕm7;rbvov7;ঞ;uu-1†-m7ov;1ol-
7om7;_-0b|-mѴ-vl†f;u;vt†;|†ˆb;uomv†rubl;u;l0--
0bm- 1om 7bC1†Ѵ|-7;v ;m Ѵ- ruoˆbvbॕm 7; -]†-ķ -lrѴbC1-
u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķvbmblrou|-uvbvomľlo7;umovĿ83,
ruo0Ѵ;l-v7;lou0bѴb7-7ķ-=;1|-m7o-mbोovņ-vl;mou;v
oľ0࢙vb1ovĿĺ-l-‹ou7b=;u;m1b-v;o0v;uˆ-;mѴ-|;m;m1b-
7; Ɣ -ोovĺ7;l࢙vķ ;v|; =-1|ouķ r†;7; |;m;u †m l-‹ou
7; m;ˆ;u- 1om Ɛƕ r†m|ov‹ 1olr†|-7ou 1om ƕ r†m|ovķ
blr-1|o;mѴov_o]-u;v7;Ѵ-vt†;=†;uoml-7u;v;mѴ-
u;vr;1ঞˆ-l;m|;ķ - =-ˆou 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v 7; ;l0-u-Œo
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķrouѴ-l-‹ou1-mঞ7-77;_bfovņ-vĺ"b-;v|o
rov|;ubouĺ
Ѵ; v†l-lov Ѵ- r;u1;r1bॕm 7; bmv;]†ub7-7 -Ѵbl;m|-ub-ķ

83
Ѵ-vbC1-1bॕm7;Ѵov-1ঞˆov‹;t†br-lb;m|o7;Ѵ_o]-u;mľlo7;umovĿ;Ѵ1olr†|-7our;uvom-Ѵķˆ;_झ1†Ѵov‹-bu;-1om7b1bom-7oĸ‹0࢙vb1ovķѴ-ˆ-7ou-ķ|;Ѵ;ˆbvouķm;ˆ;u-
‹;v|†=-ĺ v|-1-|;]oubŒ-1bॕm_-vb7o†ঞѴbŒ-7-;m;Ѵ-r--1bom-Ѵ7;o0u;Œ-ƑƏƐƓ7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7; 1omolझ-ķѴ-mbC1-1bॕm‹ ;v-uuoѴѴo‹rou;Ѵ"bv|;l-࡛mb1o
7;;m;C1b-ubovr-u-Ѵ-=o1-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ĺ

92 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Recuadro 12
CAMBIOS EN LOS NIVELES DE POBREZA SEGÚN LA EDAD DEL PRIMER EMBARAZO

Ѵ ߈m7b1; 7; -Ѵb7-7 7; (b7- Ő(ő ;v †m- molझ-ķѴ-mbC1-1bॕm‹ ;v-uuoѴѴo‹;Ѵ"bv|;l- t†;r;ulbঞॕ1-Ѵ1†Ѵ-u;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ-1|†-Ѵ7;1om-
l;7b7- t†; vbm|;ঞŒ- Ѵ- ro0u;Œ- 7;Ѵ _o]-u ࡛mb1o7;;m;C1b-ubovĺ Ѵ(1olrѴ;l;m|- 7b1bॕm7;ˆb7-7;;v|ov_o]-u;vĺ
- |u-ˆ࣐v 7; †m- l;|o7oѴo]झ- 7; ঞro proxy Ѵ-vl࣐|ub1-v7;ro0u;Œ-lom;|-ub-‹v;†ঞѴbŒ-
Ѵ 1olr-u-u ;v|ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov 1om Ѵ- vb|†--
means |;v| t†; †ঞѴbŒ- l࣐|o7ov ;v|-7झvঞ1ov 1olo l;1-mbvlo 7; =o1-ѴbŒ-1bॕm r-u- ruo-
1bॕm 7; ;v|ov lbvlov _o]-u;v ;m ƑƏƐƐ ŐিѴ-
7;-m࢙Ѵbvbvl†Ѵঞˆ-ub-7ovĺ v|-l;7b7-7;Cm; ]u-l-vvo1b-Ѵ;vĺ
ঞl- -1|†-ѴbŒ-1bॕm 7;Ѵ "& ő v; -m-ѴbŒ-m
Ѵ- ro0u;Œ- ;m †m ;vr-1bo l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķ
ov_o]-u;v;v|†7b-7ov;m;Ѵl-u1o7;;v|; Ѵ-v|u-mvb1bom;vŐo1-l0bovő;mѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;
l;7b-m|; †m 1omf†m|o 7; ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v vo1b-Ѵ;vķ
m=oul; v; ;m1†;m|u-m u;]bv|u-7ov ;m Ѵ- ro0u;Œ- 7; _o]-u;v 7; Ѵ-v ;m1†;v|-7-vĺ Ѵ
;1omॕlb1-vķ 7;lo]u࢙C1-v ‹ 7; ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb-
0-v;7;7-|ov7;Ѵ"& ‹rou|-m|o1-|;- 7;v-]u;]-uѴ-bm=oul-1bॕmrouѴ-;7-77;v†
7-7vo1b-Ѵru;ˆb-l;m|;v;Ѵ;11bom-7-vĺ m!;-
]oubŒ-7ov v;]িm v† (ĺ  -v ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v t†; rubl;u;l0-u-Œoķv;7;v|-1-mѴovvb]†b;m|;v
rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m- =†; 7;v-uuoѴѴ-7o rou †m
1om=oul-m;v|;झm7b1;=†;uombm1Ѵ†b7-v;mѴ- u;v†Ѵ|-7ovĹ
|u-0-fo1omf†m|o;m|u;;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7; 1o-
;m1†;v|-vo0u;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķѴo

o]-u;v1oml†f;u;vt†;;Šr;ubl;m|-uom o]-u;v1oml†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;m
;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b- ;|-r-rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-

38% 32%
45%

64%

17%
8%

"bm1-l0bov( †l;m|o( bvlbm†1bॕm(


bvlbm†1bॕm( †l;m|o( "bm1-l0bov(

Ŋ ѴƐƕѷ7;_o]-u;v1oml†f;u;v1om;l0-- Ŋ ѴƓƔѷ7;Ѵov_o]-u;v1oml†f;u;v1om;l- v;1omvঞ|†‹;;m†m;vr-1bo7;bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm


u-Œo ;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;Šr;ubl;m|ॕ †m- 0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-mo;Šr;ubl;m|ॕ t†;r†;7;-0ubum†;ˆov1-lbmov;m;Ѵ7bv;ोo
7bvlbm†1bॕm 7;Ѵ ( ;m ;Ѵ r;ubo7o ƑƏƐƐŊ mbm]িm1-l0bo;mv†vmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;1-Ѵb7-77; ;blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm7;roѴझঞ1-vl†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbo-
ƑƏƐƕĺ v|-1b=u-v;7bvlbm†‹;-ѴѶѷ;m;Ѵ ˆb7--Ѵ1olr-u-uv†vb|†-1bॕm;m|u;;ѴƑƏƐƐ m-Ѵ;v 7; ru;ˆ;m1bॕm Ő;Š -m|;ő‹ -|;m1bॕm Ő;Š
1-vo 7; -t†;ѴѴ-v t†; rov|;u]-uom v† rub- ‹;ѴƑƏƐƕĸ;v|-1b=u-v;u;7†1;-ƒƑѷ;m;Ѵ rov|őĺ
l;u;l0-u-Œo-†m-;|-r-rov|;ubouĺ 1-vo7;-t†;ѴѴ-v1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œo=†;
m 1om1Ѵ†vbॕmķ v; r†;7; bm7b1-u t†; 1om ;Ѵ
rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
Ŋ omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-ѴƑƏƐƐķ;ѴƒѶѷ7;Ѵov_o]-- r-vo 7;Ѵ ঞ;lro ;Ѵ ub|lo 7; l;fou- 7; Ѵ-v
u;v 1om ;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- ;Š- "b0b;mѴov1-l0bov;mѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;ro0u;Œ- 1om7b1bom;v7;ˆb7-7;Ѵov_o]-u;vv;u;7†1;
r;ubl;m|-uom †m bm1u;l;m|o ;m v† mbˆ;Ѵ 7; _o]-u;v bmˆ;vঞ]-7ov ;m ;v|; m=oul; mo 7;0b7o ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ vblbvloķ
7;1-Ѵb7-77;ˆb7-ĺoo0v|-m|;ķr-u-Ѵov vom -|ub0†b0Ѵ;v ;Š1Ѵ†vbˆ-l;m|; -Ѵ ;l0-u-- ;v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovˆ-Ѵb7-m;ѴrѴ-m|;-lb;m|o7;Ѵ
_o]-u;vt†;rov|;u]-uomv†rubl;u;l0-- Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹v†vu;r;u1†vbom;vķ;Ѵ m=oul;vo0u;;Ѵ-Ѵ|o1ov|o7;orou|†mb7-7-
u-Œov;;ˆb7;m1b-ml;fou-v;mv†(t†; -m࢙Ѵbvbv v†]b;u; Ѵ- ru;v;m1b- 7; †m- 1ouu;Ѵ-- =†|†uot†;u;ru;v;m|-Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7|;lru--
1-vb 7†rѴb1-m ŐѵƓѷő Ѵ- 7; Ѵov _o]-u;v 1om 1bॕmm;]-ঞˆ-;m|u;;v|;;ˆ;m|o‹;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7; m-movoѴor-u-;ѴѴ-vķvbmor-u-;Ѵ_o]-u;mv†
;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ ro0u;Œ-ĺ-;ŠrѴou-1bॕm7;;v|-1ouu;Ѵ-1bॕm‹ 1omf†m|oĺ
v†bm|;u-11bॕm1omo|u-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vu;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;v

CAPÍTULO 2 93
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Estos resultados señalan una menor capacidad de acu- ;|1ĺŊt†;blr-1|-mѴov_o]-u;vĺov-1ঞˆovCm-m1b;uov


l†Ѵ-u-1ঞˆov;mѴov_o]-u;v;m7om7;_†0o;l0-u-Œo o mo Cm-m1b;uov r†;7;m f†]-u †m uoѴ blrou|-m|; -m|;
adolescente, limitando las capacidades de hacer frente Ѵ-o1†uu;m1b-7;†m;ˆ;m|obm;vr;u-7oķvbuˆb;m7o1olo
-1_ot†;v-7ˆ;uvovŋ;1omॕlb1ovķvo1b-Ѵ;vķ1Ѵbl࢙ঞ1ov 1oѴ1_ॕmo-louঞ]†-7ou7;v†v;=;1|ov;mѴov_o]-u;vĺ

ubm1br-Ѵ;vu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ;m=ot†;1†-mঞ|-ঞˆo
7†1-1bॕmķ-11;vo-v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-‹-11;vo-$v

-vl†f;u;vt†;rov|;u]-uomv†rubl;u;l0-u-Œo_-v|-Ѵovˆ;bm|;-ोovol࢙v_-mѴo]u-7o-Ѵ1-mŒ-u;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ†mbˆ;uvb|-ubo
;ml-‹ouruorou1bॕmŐƕƒѷőt†;-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ŐƒƓѷőĺ

ov7-|ovu;ˆ;Ѵ-mt†;rou1-7--ोo7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7t†;Ѵo]u;Ѵ-l†f;uķv†bm]u;vobm1u;l;m|-†mƕѷĺ
-l†f;ut†;v;;l0-u-Œ-;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹1†‹ombˆ;Ѵ7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7;v0-foķr;u1b0;;mruol;7bo†ml;moumbˆ;Ѵ
7;bm]u;vot†;-t†;ѴѴ-t†;Ѵorov|;u]-l࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ

-vl†f;u;vl-|ub1†Ѵ-7-v;m;v1†;Ѵ-vrি0Ѵb1-vঞ;m;m†m-ruo0-0bѴb7-7vb;|;ˆ;1;vl-‹ou7;t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-vķ
;m1olr-u-1bॕm1omѴ-vl-|ub1†Ѵ-7-v;mo|uov1;m|uov;7†1-ঞˆovĺ

†-m7oѴ-r-u;f-7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;-Ѵ1-mŒ-;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo†mbˆ;uvb|-uboķv;u;7†1;;mƕƔѷѴ-rovb0bѴb7-77;o1†uu;m1b-
7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ

-;ˆb7;m1b-u;1-0-7-7;l†;v|u-t†;Ѵ-;m|u;]-7;bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-r†;7;u;7†1bu;m
-Ѵu;7;7ou7;†mƒƔѷѴ-rovb0bѴb7-77;t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-7†u-m|;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ

Ѵ-11;vo-|;1moѴo]झ-7;Ѵ-bm=oul-1bॕmŐ$őķ-ruoŠbl-7-rouѴ-rov;vbॕm7;1;Ѵ†Ѵ-uķ†m-1olr†|-7ou-o-11;vo-
bm|;um;|ķঞ;m;†m-u;Ѵ-1bॕmbmˆ;uv-1omѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ

m]u;vovķl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵ

Ѵbm]u;vo7;Ѵov_o]-u;v;m7om7;mov;u;]bv|u-;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;vƔƐѷv†r;ubou-Ѵ7;Ѵov_o]-u;v;m
7om7;-Ѵ]†m-l†f;u=†;l-7u;;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ

-l†f;ut†;v;;l0-u-Œॕ;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ7;0b7o;ml-‹oul;7b7--v†|;m7;m1b--u;-ѴbŒ-uѴ-0ou;vbm=oul-Ѵ;vķঞ;m;
†m-l-‹ouruo0-0bѴb7-77;1-u;1;u7;0;m;C1bovѴ-0ou-Ѵ;v|-Ѵ;v1olov;]†uo7;v-Ѵ†7ķrѴ-m;v7;r;mvbॕm‹v;]†uo7;
ˆb7-ķ;m1olr-u-1bॕm1om-t†;ѴѴ-v1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œo=†;rov|;ubouĺ

-;ˆb7;m1b-v;ो-Ѵ-t†;;Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵ7bv1ublbm-;m1om|u-7;Ѵ-l†f;uĺ"bm7bv1ublbm-1bॕm7;Ѵ-;7-77;Ѵrubl;u
;l0-u-ŒoķѴ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोov;m1†;v|-7-vr;u1b0;m†mbm]u;voѶƓѷl;mout†;;Ѵ7;Ѵov_ol0u;vĺ

;1†m7b7-7ķ†mbom;v|;lru-m-v‹lou|-Ѵb7-7bm=-mঞѴ

-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vঞ;m7;m-ruo1u;-ul࢙v_bfov;_bf-vt†;-t†;ѴѴ-v1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œo=†;rov|;ubou-;v-
;|-r-ĺ Ѵѵƕѷ7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vt†;v;;l0-u-Œॕ;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķঞ;m;;m|u;Ƒ‹ƒ_bfov;mruol;7boĺ
v|;1olrou|-lb;m|ou;ruo7†1ঞˆo;v7b=;u;m|;r-u-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uomrov|;uboul;m|;ķ7;Ѵ-v1†-Ѵ;v
1-vb7ov|;u1;u-vr-u|;vvoѴoঞ;m;†m_bfoo_bf-ĺ

b;m|u-vl࢙vfoˆ;mbmb1b-Ѵ-†mbॕmѴ--7oѴ;v1;m|;ķl-‹ou;vѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;t†;o1†uu-†m;l0-u-Œo7†u-m|;;v|-
;|-r-ĺ
l-‹ou7b=;u;m1b-7;;7-7;m|u;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;‹v†r-u;f--Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵ-†mbॕmķl-‹ou;vѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;t†;
o1†uubu†m;l0-u-Œoĺ ;_;1_oķrou1-7--ोot†;v;bm1u;l;m|--Ѵ-7b=;u;m1b-7;;7-71omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-v†r-u;f-ķ
v;u;]bv|u-†m-†l;m|o7;Ѷѷ;mѴ-rovb0bѴb7-77;o1†uu-;Ѵ;ˆ;m|oĺ

94 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

l-‹ou;7-77;Ѵ-rubl;u-†mbॕm7;Ѵ-l-7u;ķl;mou;vѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-7t†;ঞ;m;Ѵ-_bf-7;;l0-u-Œ-uv;;mѴ-
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺl-‹ou;7-77†u-m|;;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo7;Ѵ-l-7u;ķl;mou;vѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-7t†;ঞ;m;Ѵ-_bf-7;
;l0-u-Œ-uv;;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ

Ѵƕѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;_-mvb7ol-7u;v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-u;rou|-;Ѵ=-ѴѴ;1blb;m|o7;†m_bfoo_bf-;mѴovিѴঞlovv;bv
-ोovĺ v|;rou1;m|-f;v;u;7†1;-Ƒѷķ;m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0u-Œ-uomrov|;uboul;m|;ĺ

omv;1†;m1b-vr-u-Ѵovmbोov‹mbो-v

m|u;Ѵovmbोovl;mou;v7;ƏŊƔ-ोovѴ-0u;1_-7;-v;]†u-lb;m|o;mv-Ѵ†7;vl-‹ouĹƕƏѷ1-u;1;m7;v;]†uo;m_o]-u;v
1om-Ѵ]িm;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ=u;m|;-ƔƏѷ;mѴov_o]-u;v7om7;mov;u;]bv|uॕ;v;;ˆ;m|oĺ

࢙v7;Ѵ-lb|-77;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v-Culॕt†;Ѵovmbोovņ-v;mv†_o]-u_-mv-Ѵ|-7o†m-1olb7-;m;ѴিѴঞlo
l;vĺov_o]-u;v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;=†;uoml-7u;v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-l†;v|u-mѴovl-‹ou;vmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;bmv;]†ub7-7
-Ѵbl;m|-ub-ķ|-m|o7;mbोov‹mbो-v1olo7;-7†Ѵ|ovĺ

ѴƐƐѷ7;Ѵovmbोov‹mbो-v7;ƏŊƔ-ोovķu;vb7;m|;v;m_o]-u;v;m7om7;v;u;]bv|uॕ-Ѵ]িm;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ
1-u;1;m7;-1|-7;m-1blb;m|oomo=†;uom7;1Ѵ-u-7ovņ-vĺ v|o1om|u-v|-1om;ѴƓѷ1omѴ-lbvl-1om7b1bॕmu;vb7;m|;v;m
Ѵov_o]-u;v;m7om7;mov;u;]bv|uॕ;v;;ˆ;m|oĺ

-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;Ѵov_bfovņ-v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v

"oѴo;ѴƐƐѷ7;Ѵ-vr-u;f-v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b--Ѵ1-mŒ-uom;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ†mbˆ;uvb|-uboķѴot†;
1om|u-v|-1om;ѴƒѶѷ7;Ѵ-vr-u;f-v7;l†f;u;vt†;rov|;u]-uomv†rubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺ

ѴƐƕѷ7;Ѵ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v=†;-0-m7om-7-rou;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†rubl;u_bfoņ-Ѵ†;]o7;v†m-1blb;m|oĸ
;v|o1om|u-v|-1om;ѴƐƐѷu;rou|-7oroul†f;u;vt†;mo=†;uoml-7u;v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ

ovr-7u;v-‹†7-mro1o-Ѵov_bfov1omv†v|-u;-vĺ"ॕѴo;ѴƒѶѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v7;1Ѵ-u-t†;;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o-‹†7-1om
Ѵ-v|-u;-v7;Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-ĺ&m7-|ot†;u;v-Ѵ|-;vt†;Ѵ-vl-7u;v1om;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;bm7b1-m;m†ml-‹ourou1;m|-f;
ŐƓƐѷőt†;Ѵ-vl-7u;vmo-7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐƑѵѷőt†;;Ѵr-7u;0ubm7-;v;-ro‹o1omv†v_bfovĺ v|-7b=;u;m1b-;vvb]mbC1-ঞˆ-ĺ

bv1ublbm-1bॕm‹-0†vo

†u-m|;v†rubl;u;l0-u-Œoķ;ѴƐѵѷ7;Ѵ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v=†;o0f;|o7;l-Ѵ|u-|oࣱvb1ooˆ;u0-Ѵĸ;m;Ѵ1-vo7;
-t†;ѴѴ-vl†f;u;v1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œo=†;rov|;ubou;Ѵrou1;m|-f;v;u;7†1;-†mѶѷĺ

ѴƐƑѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vu;rou|ॕt†;v†r-7u;l-Ѵ|u-|-0-ࣱvb1-oˆ;u0-Ѵl;m|;-v†l-7u;ĺ

Ѵ-m;v7;ˆb7-

-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;m;|-r-rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķu;rou|-ml-‹ou;vrou1;m|-f;v;m|o7-vѴ-v
or1bom;v7;rѴ-m;v7;ˆb7-ķѴot†;v†]b;u;t†;ঞ;m;ml-‹ou1Ѵ-ub7-7;m7;Cmbuv†vr;uvr;1ঞˆ-vķ-Ѵot†;r†;7;
1om|ub0†bu;Ѵl-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ7;bmv|u†11bॕm‹7;-11;vo-|;1moѴo]झ-vĺ

-l-‹ouझ-7;-l0ov]u†rov7;l†f;u;vmorb;mv-t†;1u;1;u;m†m;m|oumo7b=;u;m|;ķ1-u-1|;ubŒ-7o1oml࢙v
orou|†mb7-7;v‹l;movˆboѴ;m1b-ķ_†0b;v;bmY†b7ovo0u;Ѵ-rovb0bѴb7-77;;l0-u-Œ-uv;ĺ

(bˆb;m7-‹_o]-u

-vrubˆ-1bom;v;mѴovv;uˆb1bov0࢙vb1ovvoml࢙vmo|oub-v;mѴov_o]-u;v7om7;_-0b|-ml†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo|;lru-moĺ
m|o7-vѴ-v1-|;]ouझ-vŐr-u;7;vķ|;1_oķrbvoķ=†;m|;7;-]†-ķ1ol0†vঞ0Ѵ;r-u-1o1bm-uķv;uˆb1bov-mb|-uboķu;1oѴ;11bॕm
7;0-v†u-ķ_-1bm-lb;m|oő;v|ov_o]-u;vru;v;m|-ml-‹ou;vmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;1-u;m1b-vķ;m1olr-u-1bॕm1om-t†;ѴѴov;m7om7;
u;vb7;mѴ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;m†m-;|-r-rov|;ubouĺ

m1†-m|o-Ѵ-11;vo-;t†br-lb;m|o1olobm7b1-7ou7;-1ঞˆovķv;ˆ;ubC1-m7b=;u;m1b-v1om7;vˆ;m|-f-r-u-Ѵov_o]-u;v
7om7;_-0b|-mѴ-vl†f;u;vt†;|†ˆb;uomv†rubl;u;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķvbmblrou|-uvbvomľlo7;umovĿķo
ľ0࢙vb1ovĿĺ

CAPÍTULO 2 95
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

Conclusiones m|u;Ѵovrubm1br-Ѵ;v=-1|ou;vt†;v;b7;mঞC1-mr-u-;ˆb-
tar el embarazo en las adolescentes se destaca la per-
-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm7;l†;v|u-t†;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;v;;l-
l-m;m1b- ;m Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕm 1ol0bm-7o 1om ;Ѵ -11;vo -
0-u-Œ-uom 7†u-m|; Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- ঞ;m;m l;mov orou-
1omo1blb;m|o vo0u; v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ ‹ u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ t†;
|†mb7-7;v7;-11;vo-|;1moѴo]झ-vķ-rov;vbॕm7;1;Ѵ†Ѵ-u
1om|ub0†‹; -Ѵ u;1omo1blb;m|o 7; Ѵov ub;v]ov t†; blrѴb-
‹|;m;m1b-7;1olr†|-7ou;vķ‹†m-r-uঞ1br-1bॕmѴ-0ou-Ѵ
1-;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-|;lru-m-;7-7ĺ ;v7;;Ѵ;m=ot†;7;
l࢙vru;1-ub-ķ1-u-1|;ubŒ-7-rou;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;|u-0-fov
7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ;Ѵ-11;vo-1omo1blb;m|oķ-v;uˆb1bov
rou1†;m|-ruorb-‹1olov;uˆb1bo7ol࣐vঞ1ou;l†m;u--
vo1b-Ѵ;vķঞ;m;mblr-1|o;mu;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-‹;Š-
7oĺѴlbvloঞ;lroķr;uvbv|;†m1†lrѴblb;m|o7;uoѴ;v
r-m7buѴ-vorou|†mb7-7;v;mѴ-l;7b7-;mt†;;Ѵ1omo1b-
|u-7b1bom-Ѵ;v-mbˆ;Ѵ=-lbѴb-u7†u-m|;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹rov-
lb;m|o;v-ruorb-7o‹|u-mv=oul-u;-Ѵb7-7;v-=-ˆou7;Ѵ
|;uboul;m|;7;m|uo7;Ѵ_o]-u;m-l0ov]u†rov7;l†f;-
;lro7;u-lb;m|o ‹ Ѵ-v Ѵb0;u|-7;vĺ ou ;v|-v u-Œom;v v;
u;vķt†;7;|;ulbm-;Ѵmo1omঞm†-u1omѴov;v|†7bovĺ
u;t†b;u;-7;l࢙v7;Ѵ-;Šr-mvbॕm7;1o0;u|†u-7;Ѵovv;u-
Los hogares en donde hubo embarazo adolescente re- ˆb1bovvo1b-Ѵ;vķbmˆ;uঞu;m†m-o=;u|-;7†1-ঞˆ-7;1-Ѵb-
Y;f-m0u;1_-v7;ruoˆbvbॕm7;v;uˆb1bov0࢙vb1ov7;v†l- 7-7ķ7;v-Ѵ†7‹7;ruo|;11bॕmvo1b-Ѵt†;ruol†;ˆ-b]†-Ѵ-
importancia, como el acceso a agua potable para uso do- 7-77;7;u;1_ov‹Ѵ--ruorb-1bॕm7;Ѵov1omo1blb;m|ov
l࣐vঞ1oķ l-|;ub-Ѵ;v 1-u;m1b-7ov ;m Ѵ-v ˆbˆb;m7-v 1olo r-u-;Ѵ;lro7;u-lb;m|o‹-†|o;vঞl-ĺ v|oķ1om|ub0†buझ-
rbvov 7; ঞ;uu- t†; ru;7bvrom;m - ub;v]ov 7; v-Ѵ†7ķ ‹ -t†;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v|ol;mѴ-v7;1bvbom;v1om-†|omo-
especialmente en estas condiciones donde se percibe lझ-‹1om|-u1om_-0bѴb7-7;v‹Ѵ--];m1b-r-u-ru;ˆ;mbuѴ-
bmv;]†ub7-7 7; -Ѵbl;m|ov ;m mbोov ‹ mbो-vĺ  r;v-u 7; o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;ˆ;m|o;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
t†;ķ 1om ;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo 7; bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v m-1bom-Ѵ;v 7;
ovlo7;Ѵov;1omol࣐|ub1ov‹ru†;0-v;v|-7झvঞ1-v-rѴb-
l;fou-7;Ѵ-v;v|u†1|†u-vࣱvb1-v7;;v|ov;m|oumov‹ou-
1-7ov ;m ;Ѵ l-u1o 7; Ѵ- bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmķ u;Y;f-m t†; ;Ѵ
7;m-lb;m|o|;uub|oub-Ѵķt†;7;b]†-Ѵlo7oblr-1|-uझ-Ѵov
;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; bm1b7; ;m Ѵov Ѵo]uov ;7†1-ঞˆov
7ov ]u†rov 7; l†f;u;vķ v; u;t†b;u; ;Šr-m7bu ;Ѵ -11;vo
‹ rovb0bѴb7-7;v 7; l;fou ;v1oѴ-ubŒ-1bॕmĺ m ;v;m1b-ķ v;
a aseguramiento en salud para acceder a los programas
7;l†;v|u- t†; ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; 7bvlbm†‹; Ѵ-v
7;ѴѴ-m࢙vb1o7;"-Ѵ†71ombm|;u࣐v7;ruo|;];u7;=ou-
rovb0bѴb7-7;vt†;ঞ;m;Ѵ-l†f;u7;bmv;u|-uv;;m;Ѵl;u-
l-bm|;]u-Ѵ;v|-vro0Ѵ-1bom;v;m1b1Ѵov7;ˆb7-7;l-‹ou
cado laboral a obtener ingresos, reduciendo las posibili-
ub;v]oķ1olrѴ;l;m|-m7o-Ѵ-vbmˆ;uvbom;v;ml;fou-ubm-
7-7;v7;r;u1b0bu†ml;foumbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;vor;u1࢙rb|-;m
=u-;v|u†1|†u-vĺ
;Ѵ_o]-uķ1omvbv|;m|;1omѴ-vr;ou;v1om7b1bom;v7;ˆb7-
$-l0b࣐mv;u;]bv|u-m7b=;u;m1b-vblrou|-m|;v;m|u;-l- ;mѴov_o]-u;v1omru;v;m1b-7;l†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo
0ov]u†rovŐ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ˆ;uv†v;l0-u-- -7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ
Œo-r-uঞu7;ѴovƑƏ-ोovol࢙vő;m|࣐ulbmov7;-v;]†-
ov7-|ovu;ˆ;Ѵ-mt†;;Ѵu;|oumo7;Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm;v7;
u-lb;m|oķ7;rѴ-m;v7;ˆb7-ķ7;-11;vo-v;uˆb1bovķ‹7;
ƕĺƒѷl࢙v-Ѵ|orou1-7--ोo7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7t†;Ѵo]u-Ѵ-
l-m;u-vb]mbC1-ঞˆ-;mѴblb|-1bom;vr-u-v†v_bfovņ-vŐ;m
l†f;uĺ v;u;v†Ѵ|-7ov†]b;u;t†;vbѴ-l†f;ut†;v;;l-
|࣐ulbmov 7; 7o1†l;m|-1bॕmķ -11;vo - Ѵ- ;v1†;Ѵ-ķ ;m|u;
0-u-Œ-7†u-m|;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b--Ѵ1-mŒ-†ml;moumbˆ;Ѵ7;
o|uovőĺ
;v1oѴ-ub7-7t†;Ѵ-t†;v;;l0-u-Œॕ-†m-;7-7rov|;ubouķ

96 CAPÍTULO 2
COSTOS DE OPORTUNIDAD DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

_-0uझ-†m-|;m7;m1b--t†;;v-l†f;u1om;l0-u-Œo-7o- !ࠎ
Ѵ;v1;m|;r;u1b0-†ml;moumbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;vo-ѴoѴ-u]o7;
"! ""& ! "
v†ˆb7-ĺ
 ! &
"bm;l0-u]oķѴovbm]u;vovr;u1b0b7ovrouѴ-vl†f;u;v;m;Ѵ
l;u1-7o7;|u-0-fomovom-=;1|-7ovrouѴ-1om7b1bॕm7;
;l0-u-ŒoĸѴ-vorou|†mb7-7;v7;bm]u;vo7;-l0ov]u†-
rov7;l†f;u;vvomvblbѴ-u;vĺѴbmv;u|-uv;;m;Ѵl;u1-7o
Ѵ-0ou-Ѵķ v; 7;l†;v|u- t†; mo v; 7bv1ublbm- ;m|u; ;vov
7ov]u†rov7;l†f;u;vķr†;v-l0-vu;1b0;m-Ѵ7;v-uuo-
ѴѴ-u-1ঞˆb7-7;vruo7†1ঞˆ-vŊ;m|࣐ulbmov;v|-7झvঞ1ovŊ;Ѵ
lbvlombˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;voĺ

-84%
Ѵ 1ouu;Ѵ-1bom-u Ѵ- ;v1oѴ-ub7-7 ‹ ;Ѵ mbˆ;Ѵ 7; bm]u;vo -Ѵ-
1-mŒ-7or-u-Ѵov_ol0u;v‹l†f;u;vo1†r-7ovr-u-;m
-l0ov ]u†rovķ v;ˆ;ubC1- t†;ķ ;m 1olr-u-1bॕm 1om v†
1om|u-r-u|; l-v1†Ѵbm-ķ Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ;m -l0ov ]u†rovķ
r;u1b0;m †m ѶƓѷ l;mov 7; bm]u;voĺ v|ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov
DE INGRESOS
r;ulb|;m;ˆb7;m1b-ut†;;Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵ7bv1ublbm-;m
1om|u-7;Ѵ-l†f;uvbmblrou|-uѴ-;|-r-;mѴ-t†;o1†uu-
;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķrou0u;1_-v_bv|ॕub1-v7;Ѵ-7bˆbvbॕmv;Š†-Ѵ
7;Ѵ|u-0-fo‹r-|uom;v7;1olrou|-lb;m|o-vo1b-7ov-Ѵ
r-|ub-u1-7oķ-Ѵl-1_bvlo‹-†m;vt†;l-7b=;u;m1b-7ou
rou]࣐m;uo7;Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;v7;bm]u;voķt†;v;-l- -m|;v‹7;vr†࣐v7;1omˆ;uঞuv;;ml-7u;vķ7;0;v;ur-u|;
rѴbC1-;m-1ঞˆb7-7;v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-l;m|;bm=oul-Ѵ;vĺ bm|uझmv;1-7;Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-vt†;v;7;v-uuoѴѴ;mr-u--0ou7-u
;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ
$o7ov;v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;l†;v|u-mt†;;Ѵ1ov|o7;orou-
|†mb7-77;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ;m;Ѵ1om|;Š|o ]†-Ѵ-uѴ-v1om7b1bom;v7;ˆb7-‹Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;v;m|u;
7;ro0u;Œ-ķ;vl†‹-Ѵ|oĺ m†mlol;m|o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7- Ѵov7ov]u†rovķv;uझ-†mѴo]uoblrou|-m|;r-u-Ѵ-!;rি-
t†;7;0;;v|-u;m=o1-7o;m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;1-r-1b7-7;v 0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķrouѴ--Ѵ|-ru;ˆ-Ѵ;m1b-7;;v|;;ˆ;m|o
7;1-u--Ѵ--7†Ѵ|;Œķr-u-Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;vt†;;Šr;ubl;m|-m ‹v†vu;r;u1†vbom;vt†;v;;Šru;v-m;mѴ-u†r|†u-7;Ѵ-
el embarazo en la adolescencia se caracteriza más bien 1-7;m-7;];m;u-1bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;vr-u-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo
rou Ѵ- -7or1bॕm 7; u;vromv-0bѴb7-7;v t†; vo0u;r-v-m _†l-moĺ"bm;l0-u]oķ;v|;-ˆ-m1;;m|࣐ulbmov7;;t†b-
v†vmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;l-7†u;Œ‹ru;r-u-1bॕmĺ"bm;l0-u]oķѴ-v 7-7-mbˆ;Ѵ_oubŒom|-ѴŐ;m|u;l†f;u;vb]†-Ѵl;m|;ro0u;vőķ
1omv;1†;m1b-v 7; ;v|; ;ˆ;m|o‹ Ѵo t†; ;ѴѴo -1-uu;- mo mo1omvঞ|†‹;7;rouvझ-†|ol࢙ঞ1-l;m|;†mѴo]uo;m|࣐u-
vombuu;ˆ;uvb0Ѵ;vĺ--rѴb1-1bॕm7;roѴझঞ1-vt†;Ѵ;vr;u- lbmov7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-movov|;mb0Ѵ;ĺ-u-;v|;o0f;ঞ-
lb|-m-Ѵ-vl†f;u;v-1†l†Ѵ-u1-r-1b7-7;v‹_-0bѴb7-7;vķ ˆoķѴ†;]o7;;Ѵblbm-u;v|-v7b=;u;m1b-v7;orou|†mb7-7;v

CAPÍTULO 2 97
AMPLIANDO LA MIRADA

se necesita transformar patrones de comportamientot†;u;v†Ѳ|-m;mѲblb|-1bo-


m;v7;7;u;1_ov7;Ѳ-v-7oѲ;v1;m|;vĶ1olo;vѲ-ru;7bvrovb1bࡱm-u;-ѲbŒ-uѲ-0ou;v7olߪvࢼ1-v
Ѳ†;]o7;Ѳ;l0-u-ŒoĶbm;t†b7-7;v7;ro7;urouѲ-u;7†1b7-1-r-1b7-77;-];m1b-‹Ѳ-ˆboѲ;m1b-
7;r-u;f-࠸mࢼl-;bm|u-=-lbѲb-ut†;v;l-mbC;v|-m|-m|o;mѲ-;v=;u-rubˆ-7-1olo-mbˆ;Ѳ7;
la comunidad.

;m|u; Ѵov ]u†rov 7; l†f;u;v bmˆ;vঞ]-7ovķ v; u;t†b;u; 7-v Ѵ-v l†f;u;v rou b]†-Ѵķ Ѵ- 7o0Ѵ; 7bv1ublbm-1bॕm ;m ;Ѵ
-7;l࢙vblrѴ;l;m|-ul;7b7-v7;;t†b7-7-mbˆ;Ѵˆ;uঞ- l;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵrouv;ul†f;u‹v;ufoˆ;mķ;mѴovu;|ou-
1-Ѵķr-u-t†;;v|-vl†f;u;vѴo]u-mb]†-Ѵ;vorou|†mb7-7;v movѴ-0ou-Ѵ;vr-u-1;uu-uѴ-0u;1_-v-Ѵ-ub-Ѵrouv;Šoķ-†m
t†;;Ѵu;v|o7;l†f;u;vĺ v†m7;v-ࣱoblrou|-m|;r-u- 1†-m7oѴ-vl†f;u;vѴo]u-ml-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆot†;Ѵov
Ѵ-roѴझঞ1-rি0Ѵb1-ruoloˆ;uѴ-u†r|†u-7;r-|uom;vt†; _ol0u;vķ;v|o;m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-;v=;u-rি0Ѵb1-ĺ
inciden en determinar las brechas de igualdad para to-

98 CAPÍTULO 2
߈$&ƒ

 !" $("+
"! "Ĺ
NARRANDO HISTORIAS
PERSPECTIVAS Y ASPIRACIONES:

Introducción

CON EL OBJETIVO de caracterizar y profundizar sobre


los impactos del embarazo adolescente y sus limitaciones
 !ࠎ  ! 
;mѴ-vor1bom;v7;=†|†uo7;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;Ѵ-vņѴov
!& Ĺ
-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ‹ķ1om;Ѵbm|;u࣐v7;1olrѴ;l;m|-u;Ѵ1-rझ-
|†Ѵo-m|;ubouķv;u;-ѴbŒ-uom;m|u;ˆbv|-vv;lb;v|u†1|†u-7-v Ŋ-झvĹ!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺ

-l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ m;v|;1-vomov;_-1;Ѵ-1ol- Ŋ‫ܬ‬u;-7;u;vb7;m1b-Նu0-moņu†u-ѴőĹu†u-Ѵĺ

r-u-1bॕm;m|u;l†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-
‹-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;Ѵorov|;u]-uomr-u-†m-;7-7rov|;ubouĺ Ѵ
‫ܬ‬u;-vˆbvb|-7-vĹ

;m=ot†;;v;Š1Ѵ†vbˆo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vl-7u;vĺ Ŋ-b࣐m-]-ķ-u-_om-ĺ
Ŋ v|;0-mझ-ķŒ†-ĺ
-v 7bl;mvbom;v -m-ѴbŒ-7-v ;m 7b1_-v ;m|u;ˆbv|-v 1ol- Ŋ-blॕmķomv;ोouo†;Ѵĺ
ru;m7b;uomˆ-ubov-vr;1|ovķ|-Ѵ;v1oloĹbő1-†v-v7;Ѵ;l- Ŋ olbm]o"-ˆboŐov†-m7†Ѵ;vķ†-1_†rb|-
0-u-Œoķbbő-11;vo-bm=oul-1bॕm‹;7†1-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7  ‹Ѵ-b࣐m-]-őĺ

v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķbbbő-11;vo-;7†1-1bॕm‹|u-0-foķ
bˆőblr-1|ov7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mo|u-v;v=;u-v7;Ѵ-ˆb7-7; m|u;ˆbv|-vu;-ѴbŒ-7-vĹ
Ѵ-v fॕˆ;m;vķ ˆő 7bv1ublbm-1bॕm‹ ˆboѴ;m1b- 7; ]࣐m;uoķ ˆbő Ŋ7oѴ;v1;m|;v;l0-u-Œ-7-vĹƑƐ
1ouu;vromv-0bѴb7-77;Ѵovr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;Ѵov_bfovņ Ŋ-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ovĹƐƑ
-v;mѴ-1ub-mŒ-ķˆbbőorou|†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴoķrѴ-m;v Ŋ-mঞ7-7|o|-Ѵ7;;m|u;ˆbv|-vu;-ѴbŒ-7-vĹƒѵ

7;ˆb7-‹;Šr;1|-ঞˆ-v7;=†|†uoĺ84

]†-Ѵl;m|;ķ v; ;m|u;ˆbv|-uom - fॕˆ;m;v Őr-7u;v -7oѴ;v- 7;|;ulbm-7oruo0Ѵ;l-v;7;v-uuoѴѴ-ĿĺvblbvloķѴ-=oul-


1;m|;vőķr-u-|-l0b࣐m1omo1;uv†vr;uvr;1ঞˆ-v7;ˆb7-ķ ;mt†;Ѵ-vr;uvom-v1omv|u†‹;m‹;mঞ;m7;mv†u;-Ѵb7-7
b7;mঞC1-uѴ--v†m1bॕm7;u;vromv-0bѴb7-7;vr-|;um-v;m ‹-vझѴo;Šru;v-mķo=u;1;bm=oul-1bॕm7;v7;v†1om|;Š|oķ
|࣐ulbmov;1omॕlb1ovķvo1b-Ѵ;vķ7;ruo|;11bॕm‹-ro‹o;m 1-r|†u-m7o;Ѵ;l;m|ov‹7bl;mvbom;vt†;mom;1;v-ub--
Ѵ- 1ub-mŒ- 7; Ѵ-vņѴov _bf-vņovĺ7;l࢙vķ v; ;m|u;ˆbv|-uom l;m|;v;u;1orbѴ-m1om;m1†;v|-vov;;Šru;v-m1ombm-
- -1|ou;v 1Ѵ-ˆ;v ;m Ѵ- 1ol†mb7-7ķ 1olo 7bu;1|ou;v 7; 7b1-7ou;vĺ
;v1†;Ѵ-vķr;uvom-Ѵl࣐7b1o7;Ѵ-v&vķ‹-1|ou;v7;Ѵ-
m ;v|; 1-rझ|†Ѵoķ ;m|om1;vķ v; -0ou7-m 7bm࢙lb1-v t†;
vo1b;7-71bˆbѴ;m;Ѵ|;uu;moĺ
bm1b7;m;m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v‹v†;m-
$-Ѵ1olobm7b1-;Ѵ! ƑƏƐѵķľѴ-vr;u1;r1bom;v7;Ѵ-v |oumoķu;1om|-7-rou;ѴѴ-vlbvl-v‹t†b;m;v1om=oul-m
r;uvom-vu;7;Cm;m;Ѵruo0Ѵ;l-rি0Ѵb1oķ;mѴ-l;7b7-;m v†1झu1†Ѵo7;-11bॕmķ-uuof-m7obm=oul-1bॕmˆ-Ѵbov-vo0u;
t†;0ubm7-mbm=oul-1bॕmt†;r;ulb|;;m|;m7;u7;l;fou 1ॕloѴ-o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;bm1b7;;m
l-m;u- ;Ѵ ;m|oumoķ Ѵ- vb|†-1bॕm‹ Ѵ- 1†Ѵ|†u- ;m t†; †m v†vˆb7-vĺoloˆ;u;lovķ;mѴ-v_bv|oub-v7;ˆb7-7;Ѵ-v

84
 ovrubm1br-Ѵ;v_-ѴѴ-Œ]ov7;;v|-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-vv;;m1†;m|u-m7;|-ѴѴ-7ov;m;v|;7o1†l;m|oķ7;-1†;u7o-Ѵ-vu;=;ub7-v7bl;mvbom;vĺ-v1b|-vvom
u;-Ѵ;vĸv;_-mlo7bC1-7oѴovmol0u;vr-u-u;vr;|-uѴ-1omC7;m1b-Ѵb7-7o=u;1b7--Ѵ-vr;uvom-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vĺ

100 CAPÍTULO 3
NARRANDO HISTORIAS

r;uvom-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vѴ-vƕ7bl;mvbom;v-m-ѴbŒ-7-vঞ;- 1om|;Š|ov 7om7; o1†uu; ‹ Ѵ-v ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v t†; _-0uझ- t†;


m;m;Ѵ;l;m|ov1obm1b7;m|;v1omѴ-vƓ࢙u;-v7;rubˆ-1bo- |u-mv=oul-ur-u-7;Ѵblb|-uѴझm;-vruboub|-ub-v7;roѴझঞ1-ĺ
m;v;ŠrѴou-7-v;m;Ѵl-u1o7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmĸm=u-;v-
";-rѴb1-uomƒѵ;m|u;ˆbv|-v;mѴ-v1ol†mb7-7;v7om7;v;
|u†1|†u-‹ v;uˆb1bov 0࢙vb1ovķ -r-1b7-7;vķ(b7- b]m-‹
-rѴb1ॕѴ-;m1†;v|-1†-mঞ|-ঞˆ-ĺ v|-l†;v|u-mo-Ѵ;-|oub-ķ
;u;1_ovķ‹ lro7;u-lb;m|o‹];m1b-ĺ
v;7bv|ub0†‹ॕ7;Ѵ-vb]†b;m|;l-m;u-Ĺ-ƑƐ-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
t†;|†ˆb;uom;l0-u-Œo;m|u;ѴovƐƓ‹ƐƖ-ोovķ-ƐƑfॕ-
omvb7;u-1bom;vl;|o7oѴॕ]b1-v
ˆ;m;vˆ-uom;vt†;=†;uomr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov;mѴ--7o-
Ѵ†vo7;Ѵ-_bv|oub-7;ˆb7-ķ1olo|࣐1mb1-1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-7; Ѵ;v1;m1b-ķ‹-ƒ-1|ou;v1Ѵ-ˆ;vķƑ7;Ѵv;1|ouv-Ѵ†7‹Ɛ7;Ѵ
bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm vo1b-Ѵķ =†; ;v1o]b7- rou v† ;=;1ঞˆb7-7 ;m v;1|ou;7†1-1bॕmĺ
-rou|-u bm=oul-1bॕm l࢙v 7;|-ѴѴ-7- 7;Ѵ ruo1;vo 7; bm|;-
ov1ub|;ubov7;v;Ѵ;11bॕm=†;uomĹ
u-11bॕm-mbˆ;Ѵ=-lbѴb-uķ1omѴ-r-u;f-ķr-u-;m|;m7;ul;fou
las causas y consecuencias del embarazo en la adoles- - -7u;vņr-7u;v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-

1;m1b-ĺvblbvloķѴ-v_bv|oub-v7;ˆb7-r;ulb|;m1-r|†u-u - m;7-7;v;m|u;ѴovƐƓ‹ƐƖ-ोov
las dimensiones ausentes o faltantes necesarias para esa - 1;r|-1bॕm 7; r-uঞ1br-u ;m Ѵ- bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmķ 1om v†
-ruoŠbl-1bॕm-Ѵov1ov|ov7;orou|†mb7-7t†;r;uvb]†; 1omv;mঞlb;m|oĺ

;Ѵbm=oul;ĺ - -0b|-u;mŒom-vv;Ѵ;11bom-7-vr-u-Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmĺ

85
ouѴ-ubt†;Œ-;Šrovbঞˆ-7;;v|-v;m|u;ˆbv|-vķv;r†;7;m ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v se integraron
_bѴˆ-m-uѴov;Ѵ;l;m|ovt†;r†7b;uom;m|u;|;f;uѴ-vb|†-- - |u-ˆ࣐v 7; Ѵ- b7;mঞC1-1bॕm 7; r-|uom;v 1ol†m;v ;m Ѵov
1bॕm7;ˆb7-t†;ru;7bvr†vo-Ѵ-o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵov;l0-- |;vঞlombovķ;m-7b1bॕmv;v;Ѵ;11bom-uom‹1-|;]oubŒ-uomѴ-v

u-Œovķ‹Ѵ-v7bl;mvbom;v;mѴ-ˆb7-7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m- bm=oul-1bom;v7;-1†;u7o-Ѵ-vƕ7bl;mvbom;v7;;v|†7boĺ

|;v;mѴ-vt†;|†ˆo†mblr-1|ol-‹ouĺ

; b]†-Ѵ lo7oķ ;v|- |࣐1mb1- r;ulb|; b7;mঞC1-u ;Šr;- ѿ †࣐mov7b1;mѴ-vņѴov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĵĹ


ub;m1b-v 7bvঞm|-v ;m |࣐ulbmov 7; Ѵ- u;vbѴb;m1b- =u;m|; -Ѵ ubm1br-Ѵ;v_-ѴѴ-Œ]ov
;ˆ;m|oķ Ѵov ;Ѵ;l;m|ov t†; r†7b;uom v;u †ঞѴbŒ-7ov r-u-
ubm1br-Ѵ;v1-†v-v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ
lbঞ]-uѴovblr-1|ovķ‹1ॕlo7;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;Ѵ-
lbvl--7oѴ;v1;m|;r†;7;mb7;mঞC1-uv;r†m|ov7;-†|o Ѵ;v0oŒ-uѴ-v1-†v-v7;o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ-
u;Y;Šbॕm7;1ॕlo_†0b;u-vb7ov†ˆb7-ķ7;_-0;uv;;ˆb|-- adolescencia, se resaltan las diferentes aristas del proble-
7oĺ bm-Ѵl;m|;ķ;v|-v_bv|oub-v7;ˆb7-r;ulb|;m-0ou7-u l-ķ7;v7;Ѵ-ˆ-Ѵou-1bॕm‹r;u1;r1bom;v7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m-
Ѵ-r;uvbv|;m1b-7;r-|uom;v1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;vķѴovt†;r†;7;mbm- |;v;m;Ѵu;1†;m|o7;v†ˆb7-ķ-Ѵlol;m|o;mt†;o1†uubॕ
1b7bu;mѴ-;ˆoѴ†1bॕm7;Ѵ=;mॕl;moķr-u-;m|;m7;u;mѴov ;v|;;ˆ;m|oŐ(;u7b-]u-l-Ƒőĺ

85
 -v;m|u;ˆbv|-v|†ˆb;uom†m-7†u-1bॕm;m|u;Ƒ‹Ɠ_ou-vķ1omru;ˆb-b7;mঞC1-1bॕm;mѴ-vˆbˆb;m7-v7om7;v;_-0झ-mu;-ѴbŒ-7oѴ-v;m1†;v|-v7;Ѵ;v|†7bo1†-mঞ|-ঞ-
ˆoĺ-u--rѴb1-uѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-vķv;;Ѵ-0ouॕ†m-]†झ-v;lbŊ;v|u†1|†u-7-ķr-u-Ѵo]u-u;Ѵo0f;ঞˆo7;Ѵ;v|†7boĺ";u;vr;|ॕ;Ѵ;vঞѴo7;Ѵ;m]†-f;7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
;m|u;ˆbv|-7ovr-u-;ˆb|-u7bv|ouvbom;v;mѴ-v1omvb7;u-1bom;v;Šru;v-7-vķl-m|;mb࣐m7ov;7;=oul-];m†bm-Ѵov|;Š|ovĺ

CAPÍTULO 3 101
PERSPECTIVAS Y ASPIRACIONES:

Diagrama 1
BRECHA ENTRE LOS GÉNEROS A LO LARGO DEL CICLO DE VIDA EN REPÚBLICA
Ĺ!ࠎ߈" "   ! ""   "

 +
  "   &$ , VEJEZ

Las tasas brutas de matriculación El 49% de las mujeres tiene un trabajo remunerado De llegar a los 50 años la mujer
en los sectores industriales y de servicio, cifra que
femenina en República Dominicana, supera el promedio de los países de Desarrollo
dominicana puede vivir en promedio
tanto en primaria como secundaria, Humano Alto. 31 años más. Esta cifra supera el
son inferiores a las registradas en promedio del grupo de desarrollo
Costa Rica, Colombia y los países de humano alto.
Desarrollo Humano Alto. Más mujeres alcanzan la secundaria en
comparación a los hombres, superando a
El Salvador, Colombia y los países de
Desarrollo Humano Alto.
Las jóvenes entre 15 y 24 años tienen
una probabilidad 40% superior de La probabilidad de que una adulta
estar desempleadas en comparación A pesar de que República Dominicana tiene mayor tenga una pensión es de
con los jóvenes. una mayor proporción de mujeres en puestos
apenas 38% en comparación con la
de dirección, la proporción de mujeres en las
cámaras legislativas es inferior a la exhibida por probabilidad de los hombres.
Los nacimientos por cada mil mujeres El Salvador, Colombia, Costa Rica y los países del
grupo de Desarrollo Humano Alto.
entre 15 y 19 años alcanzan una tasa de
97.9, superando la tasa de países como
El Salvador, Colombia y Costa Rica. Por cada 100 mil nacidos vivos fallecen 92 mujeres
en el país. Esto contrasta con las 54 muertes
registradas en El Salvador, las 25 en Costa Rica, las
Menos del 50% de la población 64 en Colombia y las 36 en el grupo de Desarrollo
femenina en preescolar tiene la edad Humano Alto.
oficial para cursar ese nivel. Esta cifra
asciende al 74% en el caso de los La tasa de desempleo en las mujeres es 1.5 veces
países de Desarrollo Humano Alto, superior a la de los hombres, cifra que duplica los
grupo al que el país pertenece. resultados del grupo de Desarrollo Humano Alto.

102 CAPÍTULO 3
NARRANDO HISTORIAS

Diagrama 2
PRINCIPALES CAUSAS DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

CANTIDAD DE MENCIONES DE CADA EXPRESIÓN

u;;m1b-7;t†;;vl;fou
|;m;u_bfovņ-vvb;m7ofoˆ;m

3 Uso inadecuado de
7 -m|b1om1;r|bˆov

uo]-vņѴ1o_oѴ 1

o†vo7;l࣐|o7ov

Inmadurez
5 20 -m|b1om1;r|bˆov
ҏ&‫ & ܬ‬
PRINCIPAL RAZÓN
DEL EMBARAZO?

Falta de 7 4 Lo deseaban/lo
conocimiento SSR
buscaron

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕmruorb-vo0u;Ѵ-0-v;7;Ѵovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-r-u-;v|;bm=oul;ĺ

-vņѴov-7oѴ;v1;m|;v7;;v|;]u†ro;m|u;ˆbv|-7ou;1o-
“Yo no me estaba cuidando bien.
mo1;m _-0;u u;1b0b7o bm=oul-1bॕm vo0u; v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ
";l;oѲˆb7ࡱѲ-r-vࢼѲѲ-7ovˆ;1;vv;]†b7oĽĸ -uঞm-
‹ u;ruo7†1ঞˆ- ‹ v-0;u t†; ;Šbv|;m l࣐|o7ov -mঞ1om-
ļ";l;oѲˆb7ࡱѲ-r-vࢼѲѲ-Ľ- vl;u-Ѵ7-
1;rঞˆovĺ "bm ;l0-u]oķ ;m Ѵ-v ;m|u;ˆbv|-v v; ;ˆb7;m1b-
;Ѵ †vo bm-7;1†-7o 7; -mঞ1om1;rঞˆov o Ѵ- mo †ঞѴbŒ-- ļ";_-0࠸-ˆ;m1࠸oѲ-bm‹;Ѳ1bࡱmĽ - !ov-mm-

1bॕm 7; l࣐|o7ovĺvblbvloķ v; u;rou|- ;Ѵ l-Ѵ †vo 7; ļ+ol;rom࠸-1om7om;‹†m7࠸-mol;r†v;Ľ
- †-m-uѴov
l࣐|o7ov7;rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm=-lbѴb-u1olo1-†v-v7bu;1|-v
7;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoķѴot†;v†]b;u;t†;;vm;1;v-ubo-7or|-u
;v|u-|;]b-vr-u-l;fou-u;Ѵ†vo7;7b1_ovl࣐|o7ov;m
Ѵo0†vt†࣐Ŀķ‹Ѵ-1u;;m1b-7;t†;ľ;vl;fou|;m;uѴov_bfov
Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ
vb;m7o foˆ;mĿķ ;ˆb7;m1b-m7o Ѵ-v 7b=;u;m1b-v 7; r;uvr;1-
ouo|uoѴ-7oķ-Ѵ]†m-vl;m1bom;vu;Y;f-mr-|uom;v1†Ѵ- ঞˆ-v;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;ˆ;m|oķ-r;v-u7;
|†u-Ѵ;v ru;v;m|;v ;m ;Ѵ ;m|oumo =-lbѴb-u ‹ 7; Ѵ- r-u;f-ķ o1†uubu;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ ˆb7;m|;l;m|;;v|o;vu;Y;fo
ˆ-Ѵou-m7o;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo1olol;7bo7;u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕmr;u- 7; 1om|;Š|ov 1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;v‹ vo1b-Ѵ;vķ 7om7; v; ruol†;ˆ;
vom-Ѵĺ";u;rou|-m;Šru;vbom;v1oloľ‹oѴo7;v;-0-Ŀķľ‹o †m- ;Ѵ;ˆ-1bॕm 7;Ѵ uoѴ 7; Ѵ- l-|;umb7-7 1olo vbmॕmblo

CAPÍTULO 3 103
PERSPECTIVAS Y ASPIRACIONES:

Recuadro 13
"$!  " ! ҃  ! $  "!ࠎ
POR EL EMBARAZO

om ƑƏ -ोov 7; ;7-7 -1|†-Ѵl;m|;ķ Esme- u;Ѵ-1bॕm-m|;ubou‹|;mझ-†mru࣐v|-lo0-m- |-7oķv†f;=-Ѵ-v-1ॕ7;Ѵ|u-0-forout†;|;mझ-


ralda‹-ঞ;m;7ov_bfovĺ(bˆ;m;m-blॕmĺ 1-ubo‹moro7झ--v†lbul࢙vu;vromv-0bѴb7-- lb;7o7;t†;v;1-‹;u-‹|;m;ut†;1†0ubu
$†ˆo v† rubl;u ;l0-u-Œo - Ѵov Ɛƕ -ोovĺ 7;vĺot†bvo;v|-ul࢙v1om;ѴѴ-‹|;ulbmॕ ;vov]-v|ovĺ
o t†;uझ- t†; v†1;7b;u- |-m ruom|oķ r;uo ;Ѵmoˆb-Œ]oĸ-r;m-vu;1b;m|;l;m|;1omo1bॕ !;1b0bॕ u;r†7bo 7; v† 1ol†mb7-7ĺ ľ"b;l-
-7lb|; t†;ķ -†mt†; u;1b0bॕ ;7†1-1bॕm v;- -Ѵ-mbो-ĺ ѴѴ-7;1b7bॕv;]†bu-7;Ѵ-m|;‹;l- ru;|;ˆbˆ;mlbu-m7ol-Ѵ‹l;7;1झ-mt†;
Š†-Ѵķ ;v|-0- |;mb;m7o u;Ѵ-1bom;v vbm ruo- r;Œॕ-|u-0-f-u;m†m-1-=;|;uझ-ĸmoruo1†uॕ ‹o-uu†bm࣐lb=†|†uoĿĺ$-l0b࣐mv†=-lbѴb-Ѵ;
|;11bॕmĹ ľ+o mo l; ;v|-0- 1†b7-m7o 0b;mĺ r;mvbॕmmbl-m†|;m1bॕmķmbѴ;rb7bॕt†;v; _bŒo;Ѵ1ol;m|-ubo7;t†;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7o-
";l;oѴˆb7ॕѴ-r-vঞѴѴ-7ovˆ;1;vv;]†b7oĿĺ _b1b;u-1-u]o7;m-7-ĺ"†l-7u;Ѵ--‹†7ॕC- Ѵ;v1;m|; ľ7-ो- ;Ѵ =†|†uoĿ‹ †m- ঠ- |o7-ˆझ-
"†r-u;f-Ѵ-1†Ѵrॕ7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹mot†;uझ- m-m1b;u-l;m|;-1†0ubuѴov]-v|ovl࣐7b1ovĸ Ѵ;u;ruo1_-1om=u;1†;m1b-;Ѵ_-0;u|;mb7o
-Ѵ-mbो-ĸѴ;7bfot†;࣐Ѵmoro7झ-|;m;ul࢙v v†r-7u;m†m1-_-;v|-7o1om;ѴѴ-vmbѴ-v_- _bfov|-mfoˆ;mĺ

_bfovķ t†; ࣐Ѵ‹- |;mझ- †m _bfoˆ-uॕm 7; †m- -ro‹-7o;mm-7-ĺom;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7;Ѵ-m- †7o |;ulbm-u v† 0-1_bѴѴ;u-|o ; bmb1b-u Ѵ-

Recibió repudio de su comunidad. “Siempre te viven mirando mal y


l;7;1࠸-mt†;‹o-uu†bmߪlb=†|†uoĽĸ$-l0bߪmv†=-lbѲb-Ѳ;_bŒo;Ѳ
1ol;m|-ubo7;t†;;Ѳ;l0-u-Œo-7oѲ;v1;m|;ļ7-ࡧ-;Ѳ=†|†uoĽ‹†m-ࢾ-
todavía le reprocha con frecuencia el haber tenido hijos tan joven.

†mbˆ;uvb7-7ķ r;uo _-1; -r;m-v †mov l;v;v t†; mo Ѵ; -Ѵ1-mŒ-m r-u- l†1_oĺ "† l-l࢙ ru;m7bॕ l†1_o 7;Ѵ v-1ubC1bo t†; blrѴb1-
|†ˆoo|uo0;0࣐ķ†mˆ-uॕmķ7;r-7u;7bvঞm|o Ѵ; o=u;1; -‹†7- 1†b7-m7o - Ѵov mbोov r-u- |;m;u_bfovĺľru;m7झ-7;f-u7;†v-ul†1_-v
- v† rubl;u- _bf-ķ 1om t†b;m l-mঞ;m; †m- t†;;ѴѴ-|u-0-f;‹;v|†7b;ĺ"†r-u;f--1|†-Ѵķ 1ov-vķr-u-7࢙uv;Ѵo|o7o-;ѴѴov7ovĿĺ"†vb-
u;Ѵ-1bॕm;v|-0Ѵ;ĺѴt†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-7;fॕ t†;|u-0-f-;m†mѴbt†ouv|ou;ķ;m†m-Ѵझm;- |†-1bॕm ;1omॕlb1- -1|†-Ѵ ;v ru;1-ub-ĺ ;-
7;;v|†7b-u7;m†;ˆo‹-_ou-;v|࢙-Ѵ-;vr;- 7; ru࣐v|-loķ ‹ r;v1-m7o 1om v† r-7u-v- v;-uझ-1om|-u1om-Ѵ]†b;mt†;Ѵ;v-‹†7;o†m
u-7;†m-0;1-r-u-;v|†7b-u;u1-7;o;mѴ- |uoķv;_-1;1-u]oķ;m1b;u|-vo1-vbom;vķ7;Ѵ 1;m|uo;vr;1b-ѴbŒ-7or-u-t†;Ѵ;1†b7;mv†v
†mbˆ;uvb7-7ĺ-u;-ѴbŒ-7o1†uvov;mѴ-oo- 0;0࣐ l࢙v r;t†;ोoķ vo0u; |o7o vb ;ѴѴ- ;v|࢙ _bfov‹;ѴѴ-ro7;u;v|†7b-u‹|u-0-f-u|u-mt†b-
r;u-ঞˆ-ķ 7om7; -ru;m7bॕ |;l-v ˆ-ub-7ovķ l†‹ o1†r-7-ĺ ľ Ѵ -ˆ;1;v v; t†;7- 1om ࣐Ѵķ Ѵ-ĺ"†;ो-1om|;ulbm-uv†v;v|†7bov†mbˆ;uvb-
7;v7;-†7b|ouझ-_-v|-;ঞt†;|-‹ruo|o1oѴoķ Ѵo0-ो-ĿĺomѴ-mbो-l࢙v]u-m7;ķt†;mo;v |-ubovķbuv;=†;u-7;Ѵr-झvr-u-1omv;]†bu†m
‹o|uov7;bm]Ѵ࣐vķ7;1olr†|-7ou-‹v;1u;|-- v†‹-0boѴॕ]b1-l;m|;ķ|-l0b࣐mѴ-1†b7-Ĺľ‫ݽ‬Ѵ|࢙ 0†;m|u-0-foķ_-1;uv†ruorb-1-v-‹Ѵ-7;v†
ub-7oķ;m $ ĺ 1ub-m7o-lbmbो-ķ࣐ѴѴ;_-0Ѵ-ķf†;]-1om;ѴѴ-ķ‹ l-l࢙ķ‹ 7-uѴ; 0†;m- ;7†1-1bॕm - v†v _bfov
Ѵ-v-1-Ѵov7olbm]ovķѴ-ѴѴ;ˆ--Ѵ1Ѵ†0Ŀĺ"bm;l- r-u-t†;v;-ml;fou;vr;uvom-v‹|;m]-m†m
$b;m;7ovl;v;v|u-0-f-m7o7;m†;ˆo;mѴ-
0-u]oķmou;-ѴbŒ-oC1bov7;Ѵ_o]-uŐmoѴblrb-ķ 0†;m =†|†uoĺ ľ+o Ѵo t†; t†b;uo ;v |u-0-f-uķ
1-=;|;uझ-ķѵ7झ-v-Ѵ-v;l-m-ķ7;Ѷ-l-Ɣrlķ
mo1o1bm-ķmorѴ-m1_-Ļőĺ |u-0-f-uķ|u-0-f-uĿĺ
7om7;]-m--r;m-v! ŪƑlbѴr;vov-Ѵl;v

†;m|;Ĺbv|oub-7;ˆb7-;Ѵ-0ou-7--r-uঞu7;;m|u;ˆbv|-v-ruo=†m7b7-7ĺ";†ঞѴbŒ-mv;†7ॕmblovr-u-ruo|;];uѴ-b7;mঞ7-77;Ѵ-v
;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vĺ

104 CAPÍTULO 3
NARRANDO HISTORIAS

7;u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕmr;uvom-Ѵ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vķ‹7;Ѵo]uov7;†m ]u-|†b|-v7;v7;Ѵov1;m|uov7;-|;m1bॕmrubl-ub-Ŋ;Šbv-
l;fou;v|-|†v=-lbѴb-u‹vo1b-Ѵĺ m;=;1|oķ;m;v1;m-ubov |;m7;0bѴb7-7;v;m;Ѵ-ru;m7bŒ-f;‹†ঞѴbŒ-1bॕm;=;1ঞˆ-7;
7;rubˆ-1bom;v;mѴ-v1om7b1bom;v7;ˆb7-ķvo0u;|o7o;m -mঞ1om1;rঞˆovrour-u|;7;Ѵovfॕˆ;m;vĺ
entornos rurales, el embarazo es considerado una meta
";b7;mঞC1-m;mѴ-vu;Ѵ-1bom;vझmঞl-vu;7†1b7ov1omo-
7;m|uo7;Ѵruo‹;1|o7;ˆb7-ĺ
1blb;m|ov7;ub;v]ov7;;l0-u-Œoķ-Ѵb]†-Ѵt†;†m0-fo
|u-v l;m1bom;v v; -vo1b-m - Ѵ- =-Ѵ|- 7; bm=oul-1bॕm ;lro7;u-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v=u;m|;-v†vr-u;f-vķѴo
vo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-‹1omo1blb;m|o7;Ѵov t†;u;v|-ro7;u7;7;1bvbॕm=u;m|;-Ѵ†vo7;-mঞ1om1;r-
ub;v]ovt†;blrѴb1-;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ ; ঞˆovķt†;ro7uझ-bm1b7bu;m;l0-u-Œov|;lru-movĺѴlbv-
_;1_oķ ;m|u; Ѵ-v ;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v v; u;1omo1bॕ Ѵ- =-Ѵ|- 7; loঞ;lroķ;mѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v-Ѵovˆ-uom;vv;;ˆb7;m1bॕ
madurez y de conocimiento sobre riesgos y consecuen- t†;v;1†Ѵr-0bѴbŒ--Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;rou;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķ‹v;
1b-v7;|;m;uu;Ѵ-1bom;vv;Š†-Ѵ;vvbmruo|;11bॕmĺ"ॕѴo†m- Ѵ;v-vb]m--;ѴѴ-vѴ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-77;Ѵ--mঞ1om1;r1bॕm
lbmouझ-7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v;Šru;vॕt†;Ѵ-u-Œॕm7;|u࢙v ‹ņoruo|;11bॕmĺ
7;v†;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;v|-0-u;Ѵ-1bom-7---Ѵ]িm
Ѵ ;ˆ-Ѵ†-u Ѵov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov 7; Ѵ-v rubm1br-Ѵ;v =†;m|;v 7;
;rbvo7bo7;bm];v|-7;-Ѵ1o_oѴķt†;Ѵ-ѴѴ;ˆॕ-|;m;uu;Ѵ--
;7†1-1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-7;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;
1bom;vv;Š†-Ѵ;vvbmruo|;11bॕmĺ
Ѵ-vņѴov;m|u;ˆbv|-7ov=†;uoml;m1bom-7-vѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-ķѴov
vblbvloķѴ-r;uvbv|;m1b-7;Ѵ-v†mbom;v|;lru-m-vķo;Ѵ =-lbѴb-u;vķ;Ѵ_ovrb|-ѴoroѴb1Ѵझmb1-v‹Ѵ-vvĺ
moˆb-Œ]o ;v|-0Ѵ;ķ bm1b7; ;m Ѵ- ru;7bvrovb1bॕm 7;Ѵ rubl;u
oo0v|-m|;ķ7;m|uo7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v--1|ou;vu;Ѵ;ˆ-m-
;l0-u-Œoķ‹-t†;-Ѵ]†m-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vbm7b1-uommo_--
|;v;m;Ѵ|;uu;moķѴ-=-lbѴb-1olo;vr-1bo7;-ro‹oķ]†झ-
0;u†v-7o-Ѵ]িml࣐|o7o7;-mঞ1om1;r1bॕmoruo|;11bॕm
‹v†r;uˆbvbॕm7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;v=†;1†;vঞom-7oĺ
;mv†vu;Ѵ-1bom;vv;Š†-Ѵ;vķrou;m|;m7;ut†;moѴom;1;-
&m7bu;1|ou7;;v1†;Ѵ-bm7b1ॕĹ
vb|-0-m-Ѵ|;m;u†m-u;Ѵ-1bॕm;v|-0Ѵ;‹7;1omC-mŒ-1omv†
r-u;f-ĺ ľ†1_oĽr-7u;Ľt†;mov;ru;o1†r-mķmovo|uov|;m;loĽ
;v-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1--ѴѴ࢙;mѴ-;1†;Ѵ-ĽķѴor-7u;Ľmov;ru;o-
11;vo-bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹
1†r-mmbvbt†b;u-7;bu-†m-u;†mbॕmķmbvbt†b;u-7;ru;-
u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-
v;m|-v; 1†-m7o - †m mbोo Ѵ; r-v; 1†-Ѵt†b;u 1ov- Œ‹œ Ѵo
mѴot†;u;vr;1|--Ѵ-11;vo-bm=oul-1bॕmo;7†1-1bॕm l-m7;m-0†v1-uĺĿ
vo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķѴ-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-v-7o-
ouo|u-r-u|;ķ1-0;u;v-Ѵ|-ut†;-Ѵ]†m-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vu;-
Ѵ;v1;m|;v7b1;_-0;uu;1b0b7o-Ѵ]িmঞro7;bm=oul-1bॕm
rou|-uomt†;mo_-0झ-m|;mb7o-11;vo-bm=oul-1bॕmr-u-
o;7†1-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķr;uobm-
ru;ˆ;mbu;l0-u-ŒovķѴot†;u;Y;f-†m-7bvromb0bѴb7-77;
7b1-mt†;;Šbv|;†m-]u-m1-u;m1b-;mѴ-1-Ѵb7-7ķruo=†m-
bm=oul-1bॕmt†;mo;v†mb=oul;‹ˆ-uझ-7;r;m7b;m7o7;Ѵ
7b7-7‹=u;1†;m1b-;mѴ-o=;u|-7;7b1_-bm=oul-1bॕmĺou
Ѵ†]-uĺ m-7b1bॕmķѴ-l-‹ouझ-orbm-t†;_†0b;v;7;v;-7o
o|u-r-u|;ķv;o0v;uˆ-t†;;m;v|ov;m|oumovŋ-r;v-u
|;m;ul࢙v‹l;foubm=oul-1bॕm7;l-m;u-orou|†m-ķѴo
7;Ѵ-7bvromb0bѴb7-77;l࣐|o7ov7;rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm‹1_-uѴ-v
t†;r†7b;u-_-0;u;ˆb|-7o;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ86 mu;r;ঞ7-v

86
 v|ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovvom1omvbv|;m|;v1omo|uov;v|†7bov;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v;m;Ѵr-झvt†;0†v1-m-lrѴbC1-uѴ-7bvromb0bѴb7-7orou|†m-7;bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7
v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-r-u-ѴovņѴ-vfॕˆ;m;vĺ

CAPÍTULO 3 105
PERSPECTIVAS Y ASPIRACIONES:

Diagrama 3
! " & $ "  !ࠎ! !$ ""! "& " *&+
REPRODUCTIVA
CANTIDAD DE MENCIONES DE CADA EXPRESIÓN

Hospital/Policlínica

6
8 Familiares

lb]ov 1

ҏ  ࠎ
RECIBIÓ EDUCACIÓN 16 Escuela

SEXUAL Y
REPRODUCTIVA?

bm]†m- 7
4 ONGs

1 ]Ѵ;vb-

†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕmruorb-vo0u;Ѵ-0-v;7;Ѵovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-r-u-;v|;bm=oul;ĺ

o1-vbom;v Ѵ-v fॕˆ;m;v ;Šru;v-uom Ѵ- m;1;vb7-7 7; ;v|-- †m-vѴ-0ou;vt†;‹-7;rouvझķv;0ubm7-m1omru;1-ub;-


blecer centros comunitarios cercanos donde se ofrezcan 7-7ĺ87  - 7bvromb0bѴb7-7 7; l;7b1-l;m|ov -Ѵ b]†-Ѵ t†;
1_-uѴ-v;7†1-ঞˆ-v‹v;u;r-u|-ml࣐|o7ov-mঞ1om1;rঞ- Ѵ-v7bC1†Ѵ|-7;vr-u-1†0ubu1ov|ov7;-|;m1bॕmķ;ˆb7;m1b-m
ˆov1oml࢙v=u;1†;m1b-ĺ ;v|-ru;1-ub;7-7ķv;]িmѴo1ol;m|-7o|-l0b࣐mrour;u-
vom-Ѵ7;Ѵ-v;v1†;Ѵ-vĺ
Estas opiniones coinciden con las declaraciones de per-
vom-Ѵ7;v-Ѵ†7;m|u;ˆbv|-7o;m;Ѵl-u1o7;;v|-bmˆ;vঞ- ovvb]†b;m|;v|;vঞlombovv†]b;u;mt†;v;u;t†b;u;bm-
]-1bॕmķt†;bm7b1ॕt†;Ѵ-ѴѴ;]-7-7;bmv†lov7;rѴ-mbC- 1u;l;m|-uѴ-v-11bom;vr-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;;l0-u-Œov
1-1bॕm =-lbѴb-u - Ѵov 1;m|uov 7; v-Ѵ†7 ;m Ѵov |;uub|oubovķ en adolescente y de ITSs desde los centros de salud, y las
-vझ1oloo|uovঞrov7;l;7b1-l;m|ovt†;v;0ubm7-m- orou|†mb7-7;v 7; -11;vo - v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ‹ u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-
Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmķr†;7;|-u7-uˆ-ubovl;v;vķѴot†;7bC1†Ѵ|- r;ul-m;m|;v‹1om1-Ѵb7-7Ĺ

87
 ;_;1_oķ;vblrou|-m|;l;m1bom-ut†;Ѵovl࣐|o7ov-mঞ1om1;rঞˆov-Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;mѴ-v&mb7-7;v7;|;m1bॕmubl-ub-‹1;m|uovrি0Ѵb1ov7;v-Ѵ†7v;;m|u;]-m
7;l-m;u-]u-|†b|-ĺ"bm;l0-u]oķ7b1_-ruoˆbvbॕmmo;v1omv|-m|;ĺ v|or†7b;u-blrѴb1-ut†;r-u-Cm;v7;v††vo7;l-m;u-1omঞm†-Ջ;=;1ঞˆ-őѴ-vr;uvom-v
|;m7uझ-mt†;1olru-u7b1_ovl࣐|o7ovķt†;;m-Ѵ]†mov1-vovu;ru;v;m|-†m1ov|oblrou|-m|;rou;Ѵru;v†r†;v|oѴblb|-7o7;Ѵov_o]-u;vv†f;|ov7;Ѵ;v|†7boĺ Ѵ
1ov|oķ;mo|u-vr-Ѵ-0u-vķr†;7;v;u†mo0v|࢙1†Ѵor-u-;Ѵ†vo7;-Ѵ]†movl࣐|o7ov-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovĺ

106 CAPÍTULO 3
NARRANDO HISTORIAS

ļ Ѳ;l0-u-Œo;v-Ѳ]o=u;1†;m|;rou-t†࠸ķ;v=u;1†;m|;v࠸Ķlbu--t†࠸_-‹†m1;m|uorou-t†࠸-uub0-t†;l-‹oul;m|;
Ѳ-vfoˆ;m1b|-vˆ-m-rѲ-mbC1-uv;Ķ‹mo_-‹rѲ-mbC1-1bࡱmĸ+1†-m7o†m-r;uvom-mo;v|޳-1ov|†l0u-7--rѲ-mbC1-uv;
-_࠸Ѳ;7b1;mt†;moĶѲol-m7-mr-Ļ†m_ovrb|-ѲĶ‹moѲ-rѲ-mbC1-mrout†;7b1;mt†;;ѲѲ-mov;rѲ-mbC1--ѲѲ޳ĸ+rou
;vo_-‹l†1_-1_-vt†;t†;7-m;l0-u-Œ-7--v࠸Ķrout†;7b1;mt†;v;Ѳ;_-1;7bࠋ1bѲ1olru-uѲ-rѲ-mbC1-1bࡱmĶ1olo
t†;Ķ|†v-0;mo;vb]†-ѲĽĸň +;v;mb-

ļ+o7bu࠸-t†;;v|†ˆb;u-0b;mt†;r†vb;u-m†m1;m|uoĶt†;;v;1;m|uov;-m-Ļl޳7;;voĶr-u-t†;|u-|;m;voĶ‹t†;
ˆ-‹-m;v1†;Ѳ-rou;v1†;Ѳ-7b1b;m7olbu-;v|o;v-v࠸Ķ1†-m7ov-Ѳ;†m-;m=;ul;7޳Ķrou;f;lrѲoĶlbu;ߪ|oߪߪ|-;m=;u-
l;7-7Ĺߪ|ov;ru;ˆb;m;-v࠸Ķ-v࠸Ķ-v࠸Ľĸň -uझ-

“PROFAMILIA vino una vez, pero fue al hospital y dieron una charla sobre el embarazo a temprana edad, hablaron
7;Ѳ-v;m=;ul;7-7;vt†;r†;7;†mo|;m;uĶvbmov;ruo|;];Ķ7;;vo_-0Ѳ-uomĸvbvࢼ;uoml†1_-vfࡱˆ;m;vĶr;uomo
fueron varonesĽĸň ;u;mb1;

ļo;u-rѲ-mbC1-7orout†;‹oѲ;7-0-;Ѳv;mo-†Ѳbvv-‹1olo‹oѲ;7-0-;Ѳv;moĶ‹ol;7b1†;m|-‹-1†-m7o|;m࠸-
ѳl;v;vru;ࡧ-7-ķ‹or;mvߪt†;1†-m7o†mo7-0-;Ѳv;mo†momol;mv|u†-0-, uno no salía embarazada, por eso es
t†;;ѲѲ-vv;ѲѲ;ˆ-mru޳1ࢼ1-l;m|;Ѳot†;7†uࡱѲ-0-uub]-Ķv;ѲѲ;ˆ-m†m-ࡧoĸĸĸĽĸň -uoѴbm-

11;vo-;7†1-1bॕm‹|u-0-fo

ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-vv;ो-Ѵ-mt†;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm Ѵ-v b]Ѵ;vb-vķ v ‹ v|-1bom;v 7; !-7bo ol†mb|-ub-v


adolescente en estas comunidades enfrenta limitaciones Ő1olo!-7bo"-m|--uझ-őķu;rou|-uoml;moublrou|-m1b-ĺ
r-u--11;7;u-1†uvov|࣐1mb1ov‹ˆo1-1bom-Ѵ;vĺ m];m;-
&m-vr;1|oblrou|-m|;-7;v|-1-u;vt†;Ѵ-l-|ub1†Ѵ--
u-Ѵķv;ˆ-Ѵou-7;=oul-l†‹rovbঞˆ-Ѵ-rovb0bѴb7-77;o0-
1bॕm7;Ѵovņ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v-Ѵ-o=;u|-7;=oul-1bॕmˆ-
|;m;u;7†1-1bॕm|࣐1mb1oŊruo=;vbom-Ѵķ1omvঞ|†‹;m7o†m-
-1ou7; 1om Ѵov |u-0-fov |u-7b1bom-Ѵl;m|; =;l;mbmov ‹
or1bॕm7;7;v-uuoѴѴo-Ѵ|;um-ঞˆ--Ѵov1ov|ovt†;u;ru;-
l-v1†Ѵbmovķ1oml-‹ouu;]bv|uo7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v-1†uvov
v;m|-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm†mbˆ;uvb|-ub-ĺ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vl;m-
7;;v|࣐ঞ1-‹l-m†-Ѵb7-7;vķu;rov|;uझ-ķv;uˆb1bovv;1u;-
1bom-uomt†;;Šbv|;†m-7bv|-m1b-blrou|-m|;7;v7;v†v
|-ub-Ѵ;vķ ;m|u; o|uovĺ m |-m|o t†; Ѵov 1†uvov 7; ;Ѵ;1-
_o]-u;v-Ѵov1;m|uov7;=oul-1bॕmķ‹v;u;Cub;uom-Ѵov
|ub1b7-7‹l;1࢙mb1-ķ|†ˆb;uoml-‹oul;m1bॕm;m|u;Ѵov
-Ѵ|ov1ov|ov7;|u-mvrou|;ĺ ;b]†-Ѵlo7oķ;Šru;v-mt†;
ˆ-uom;vĺ
mo_-‹r;ul-m;m1b-;mѴ-o=;u|-=oul-ঞˆ-ĺovrubm1br--
Ѵ;v1;m|uovl;m1bom-7ov=†;uomĸ;Ѵ $ 88, coopera- Ѵ;ˆ-Ѵ†-uѴ-v;Šru;vbom;vˆ;u0-Ѵ;vu;Ѵ-ঞˆ-v-Ѵ-vorou|†-
ঞˆ-v‹†mbˆ;uvb7-7;v‹o|u-v=†;m|;vl;m1bom-7-vķ1olo mb7-7;v7;|u-0-foķv;ˆ;ubC1-t†;Ѵ-Cm-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;v†v

88
 mvঞ|†|o7; oul-1bॕm$࣐1mb1ouo=;vbom-Ѵĺ

CAPÍTULO 3 107
PERSPECTIVAS Y ASPIRACIONES:

;v|†7bovr-u-1omv;]†bu†m|u-0-fo;v†m-loঞˆ-1bॕm1om Ѵlbvloঞ;lroķѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-vu;rou|-mѴ-m;1;vb7-7
l-‹our;vo;m|u;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺr;v-u7;;v|-v-vrb- 7; oub;m|-1bॕm ruo=;vbom-Ѵ vo0u; ࢙u;-v 7; ;v|†7bo ‹ņo
u-1bom;vķѴ-vfॕˆ;m;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vv;ो-Ѵ-uomt†;u;v†Ѵ|- 1-r-1b|-1bॕm|࣐1mb1oŊruo=;vbom-Ѵ;m;v|-v1ol†mb7-7;vķ
l†‹ 7bࣱ1bѴ o0|;m;u †m ;lrѴ;o ;m v†v 1ol†mb7-7;vķ Ѵo ‹- t†; ;m ];m;u-Ѵ v; ˆ-Ѵou- ;Ѵ _;1_o 7; |;m;u ľ1†-Ѵ-
t†;1omvb7;u-m1olo;Ѵrubm1br-Ѵo0v|࢙1†Ѵor-u-v†7;v-- t†b;u|u-0-foĿt†;];m;u;bm]u;vovķ1oloѴ-voѴ†1bॕm-
uuoѴѴo;1omॕlb1o‹vo1b-Ѵĺ m|u;Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vˆ-uom;vķ v†vruo0Ѵ;l-v;1omॕlb1ovķr;uov;7bC1†Ѵ|-b7;mঞC1-u
v; ;ˆb7;m1b- ;Ѵ 7;v;o o Ѵ- m;1;vb7-7 7; 1†lrѴbu 1om ;Ѵ Ѵझm;-v7;1-r-1b|-1bॕm-vo1b-7-v-Ѵ-v7;l-m7-v7;|u--
uoѴ7;ruoˆ;;7ouķˆ-Ѵou-m7o1oloo0f;ঞˆov;m1om|u-u†m 0-fo7;v7;;Ѵv;1|ourubˆ-7oorি0Ѵb1oĺov|;vঞlombov
|u-0-fo1oloিmb1-or1bॕmr-u-vov|;m;uѴ-m†;ˆ-=-lbѴb-ĺ -rou|-7ovu;Y;f-m7bC1†Ѵ|-7;vr-u-Ѵo]u-u-11;vo-1†u-
v|-v;Šru;vbom;vl†;v|u-mѴ-7bvঞm|-ˆ-Ѵou-1bॕmt†;Ѵov vov7;1-r-1b|-1bॕmķt†;;m-Ѵ]†mov1-vovv;o=u;1;mķ
‹Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v-vb]m-m-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmķ1om†ml-‹our;vo r;uo;Šru;v-mѴ-m;1;vb7-77;t†;v;-mr;ul-m;m|;v‹
;mѴ-vl†f;u;v;mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-v†vr-u;vl-v1†ѴbmovĿĺ Ѵ-7bࣱ1bѴbmv;u1bॕmruo7†1ঞˆ-;m;v|ov1om|;Š|ovĹ

ļ(bˆo;m(bѲѲ-;ѲѲ-Ķr-u-1o]ߪ†m1†uvo†moࢼ;m;t†;1o]ߪ;Ѳl;|uoĸĸĸĽĸň +;v;mb-

ļ_ou-lblomo|-m7-m7ombm]ࣝm1†uvot†;‹ol;_-b]-7-7o1†;m|-ĶmoѲo;v|޳m7-m7ot†;l;bm|;u;v;‹mo
;v|o‹_-1b;m7ol޳vm-7-Ķm-7-Ľĸň -uoѴ‹m

“Aquí había un curso, duró yo creo que fue como siete mese, vinieron mucho chamaco, ve, que aprendieron mucho
-_-1ߪ;Ѳ;1|ub1b7-7‹l;1޳mb1-Ľĸň †-m-0Ѵo

ļ";7-m1†uvo7;l†f;u;Ķ_-0࠸-m7;1ov|†u-Ķl-mb1†u;‹r;7b1†u;Ķ|o7-v;v-v1ov-vv࠸Ķr;uo;vrouࢼ;lro1olot†;
ˆb;m;mĶmo;t†;Ѳo7;f-mr;ul-m;m|;Ľĸň ;-|ubŒ

ļ_ou-v࠸Ķ-_ou-†mor†;7;;v|†7b޳7;mo1_;‹Ѳo7olbm]oĶ‹o|;m]oѲb0u;Ѳo7olbm]o‹-_ou-_-‹†mruo]u-l-t†;
v;ѲѲ-l-!-7bo"-m|-l-u࠸--t†࠸t†;†mo;|†7b-‹-v࠸‹-‹or†;7o;|†7b޳Ľĸň -ubvoѴ

ļ Ѳt†;v;t†;7-;v|†7b-m7or-u-v-Ѳbu-7;Ѳ-m|;ࢼ;m;t†;v-Ѳbu7;-t†࠸o0Ѳb]-|oub-l;m|;Ķrout†;-t†࠸mo_-‹m-7-
7;;lrѲ;ovr-u-ruo=;vbom-Ѳ;vĶm-l-¬;lrѲ;oĶ|u-0-fo0u†|oĽĸň omm‹

ļ;uo-t†࠸;mѲ-1ol†mb7-7r-u-|†1omv;]†࠸1†-Ѳt†b;u;lrѲ;oĶvbmo;Ļ1om1†ࡧ-o1omѲ-0-v;roѲ࠸ࢼ1-Ķmo_-‹ĸ†ࡧ-
vb]mbC1-t†;vb‹ovo‹-lb]o|†‹o‹‹o|;ˆ;ot†;|†moࢼ;m;|u-0-foĶ;m|om1;‹oĺ|o‹;m†mr†;|oĶ‹o_-0Ѳo1om;Ѳ
l-;|uol࠸o‹‹o|;7b]ol-ࡧ-m-;lr;Œ-loĻĽĸň -uѴov-m†;Ѵ

108 CAPÍTULO 3
NARRANDO HISTORIAS

lr-1|ov;mo|u-v;v=;u-v7;Ѵ-ˆb7-7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v

ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov u;Ѵ-ঞˆov - Ѵ-v ;v=;u-v 7; Ѵ- ˆb7- 7; Ѵ-v
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;mѴ-vt†;blr-1|ॕ;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo7;v7;v†v CUMPLIMIENTO DE ROLES SOCIALES
r;uvr;1ঞˆ-vķl†;v|u-mt†;ruo7†foѴ-u†r|†u-7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo ASOCIADOS AL GÉNERO:
;7†1-ঞˆo7;l†1_-vķ‹;m-Ѵ]†mov1-vov|†ˆou;r;u1†-
ļ+ol;-Ѳ;]uߪĶѲo1o]࠸moul-Ѳĸ u-Ѳot†;‹ot†;u࠸-Ľ
vbom;v7;ঞro;lo1bom-Ѵķ1olov;mঞlb;m|ov7;ru;o1†-
.- +;v;mb-
r-1bॕm‹ˆ;u]ু;mŒ-vo1b-Ѵķt†;Ѵ-v1om7†fo-|ol-u-Ѵ-
7;1bvbॕm7;mo1omঞm†-uѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-ĺ ļb;mĶrout†;†m_bfo;¬Ѳol;fout†;-†moѲ;ˆb;m;Ľĸň
+†Ѵ;b7‹

Ѵ]†m-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ-Ѵ;m|;u-uv;7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;Šr;ub-
ļ†-m7ol;;m|;uߪĶ‹omol;v;mࢾ0b;mĶr;uo7;v-
l;m|-uom|ubv|;Œ-ķr;uoķ;v|ovv;mঞlb;m|ovv;|u-mv=ou- r†ߪv1om;Ѳ|u-mv1†uvo7;Ѳ;l0-u-Œo‹;Ѳmbࡧo1u;-
l-uom;m-Ѵ;]uझ-1†-m7oˆb;uomm-1;u‹1u;1;u-Ѵ-1ub-- 1b;m7o‹ loˆbߪm7ov;‹ ;vo‹oĶ l; v;mࢾ 0b;m‹ l;
v;mࢾ-l-7u;Ķr;uo-Ѳrubm1brbo‹o|-0--Ѳo]ub|o;u-
|†u-ĺ m u;r;ঞ7-v o1-vbom;v v-Ѵbॕ - u;Ѵ†1bu ;Ѵ _;1_o 7; ‹†m-7;ru;vbࡱm‹†m-1ov-Ľĸň !ov-ubo
t†; ;m Ѵ-v ;v1†;Ѵ-v Ѵ;v bm7†1;m - 1-l0b-u - Ѵ-v |-m7-v
ļ"b‹o|†ˆb;u-or1bࡱm7;1ࡱlov-ѲbuĶ-Ѳ]o7om7;7;f-u
ˆ;vr;uঞm-vķovomu;=;ub7-v-ruo]u-l-v;vr;1b-Ѵ;v1olo lbv_bfovĶ-Ѳ]o-v࠸ĸ+ov-Ѳb;u-l޳v-7;Ѳ-m|;Ľĸň -uझ-ĺ
;Ѵ0-1_bѴѴ;u-|o-1;Ѵ;u-7o‹;Ѵruo]u-l-ľ! !Ŀĺ89
ļ+omo|;m]o1omt†b;m7;f-uѲ-Ķrout†;l-lb|u-0-f-
-0;7;v|-1-ut†;;m-Ѵ]†mov1-vovѴ-v-Ѵb7-7;Ѵ-v-7o- ‹ˆb;m;-Ѳ-ƒĶ;m|om1;1†-m7ol-lbˆb;m;m-l޳;
lescentes de la escuela se debe a decisiones de las ma- Ѳo7olbm]ot†;;ѲѲ-l;Ѳor†;7;-|;m7ߪĸv;-Ķ|†
l-l޳|;-‹†7-1†-m7or†;7;Ľĸň -ul;m
7u;v7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;vĺľ-l-7u;v;-ˆ;u]ু;mŒ-ķmot†b;u;
t†;ˆ†;Ѵˆ-Ŀķv;ो-Ѵॕ†m-1|ouu;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;7;†m-7;Ѵ-v1o-
IMPACTOS EMOCIONALES:
l†mb7-7;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vĺ m-Ѵ]†mov1-vovѴ-v-Ѵb7-7;Ѵ-
;v1†;Ѵ-;vr;ul-m;m|;Ĺľoķ;v-f-l࢙vˆoѴˆbॕ-Ѵ-;v1†;- “Bueno, fue un momento de deseperación, tristeza
Ѵ-ĺv;-;v-moķ‹-;ѴѴ-7;fॕ|o7orou;voķ;ѴѴ-movb]†bॕ ‹-v࠸Ľĸň †Ѵb-m-
m†m1-ĻĿbm7b1ॕ|-l0b࣐m;v|;;m|u;ˆbv|-7oĺ ļѲorubl;uo1om-Ѳ]o7;|;lou‹-v†|-orout†;mo
sabía cómo enfrentailo, e decí, si yo tenía dinero era
m1†-m|o-Ѵ-bm|;uu†r1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoķѴ-v-7oѴ;v1;m- rout†;lbl-l޳l;Ѳo7-0-Ķ;v7;1࠸Ķl;7-0-mѲo
|;vbm7b1-uomt†;;mmbm]িm1-vov;ruo7†foĸ-†mt†;-Ѵ- v޳0-7o ‹ Ѳo 7olbm]o r- -m7޳Ķ ‹ 7;r†ߪ u;1b0࠸ ;v-
moࢼ1b-‹l;-v†|ߪ‹-m7-0-1omѲ-1-0;Œ-Ѳo1-mo
]†m-vѴor;mv-uom1oloor1bॕmķr;uomov;ѴѴ;ˆॕ-1-0oĺ f-‹-0-t†ߪ_-1;Ľĸňo_mm‹
m|u;Ѵ-vu-Œom;v1b|-7-vķv;u;v-Ѵ|-t†;=†;uom1omˆ;m1b-
ļ†-m7ol;;m|;uߪĶѽt†;t†ߪr;mvߪĴ$oѲot†;rb;m-
7-vrouv†v=-lbѴb-u;vl࢙v1;u1-mov7;mo_-1;uѴoĸo|u-v
sa una mujer, primero abortar… Pensaba que no era
bm7b1-uomt†;mot†bvb;uom-v†lbuѴ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-77; 1-r-Œ7;1ub-u-†mmbࡧo-|-m|;lru-m-;7-7Ľĸň -uझ-
ѴѴ;ˆ-u;v|o-1-0oĺ"bm;l0-u]oķ-Ѵ]†m-vfॕˆ;m;v1ol;m-
|-uomѴ-=u;1†;m1b-7;Ѵ-0ou|o;mѴ-1ol†mb7-7ĺvblbv-

89
 ! !;v†mruo]u-l-7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmŐ ! őt†;r;ulb|;Cm-ѴbŒ-uѴov;v|†7bov7;0-1_bѴѴ;u-|o;v|†7b-m7o;mѴ-1-v-ĸv;-vbv|;-1Ѵ-v;vvॕѴo
vb;|;_ou-v-Ѵ-v;l-m-r-u-;Ѵ0-1_bѴѴ;u-|ou;]†Ѵ-uķ‹m†;ˆ;_ou-vr-u-;Ѵ0-1_bѴѴ;u-|o-1;Ѵ;u-7oĺ v|;ruo]u-l-r;ulb|;1†uv-u;Ѵrubl;uoķv;]†m7oķ|;u1;uoķ‹
1†-u|o7;0-1_bѴѴ;u-|o7;Ѵ-lo7-Ѵb7-7];m;u-Ѵĸ1†uv-u;Ѵrubl;u1b1Ѵoķ;t†bˆ-Ѵ;m|;-ѴƐ;u‹Ƒ7oķ‹v;]†m7o1b1Ѵoķ;t†bˆ-Ѵ;m|;-Ѵƒ;u‹Ɠ|oķ7;Ѵ0-1_bѴѴ;u-|o-1;Ѵ;u-7oĺ
ovl-|;ub-Ѵ;v;7†1-ঞˆov1omvbv|;m;mm†;ˆ;lॕ7†Ѵovĺ-7-†mo7;Ѵovlॕ7†Ѵovru;v;m|-|;l࢙ঞ1-vr-u-v;u;v|†7b-7-v-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵl;vĺ †;m|;Ĺ ! ĺ

CAPÍTULO 3 109
PERSPECTIVAS Y ASPIRACIONES:

loķ-Ѵ]†m-v7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v7;f-uomѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-rou
;Ѵblr-1|o;m|࣐ulbmov;lo1bom-Ѵ;v‹roulb;7ooˆ;u-
]ু;mŒ-vo1b-Ѵĺ
IMPACTOS EMOCIONALES:
";;ˆb7;m1b-uom1-vov;mt†;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;_-0झ-7;-
ļ†1_- ˆ;1; r;mvߪ ;m t†; ;ѲѲ- -0ou|-u- ‹ lb l-l޳
7;r†ߪv;7bo1†;m|-‹l;7bfoĺ†m_bfomo;†m-|u-voĻĹ f-7oѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-ru;ˆbo-t†;7-u;l0-u-Œ-7-ķ;mv†l--
ĺ|ࣝѲot†;ࢼ;m;;t†;rob|-|;1olo†m_ol0u;‹ࢼu޳ ‹ouझ-rou†mbuv;o1-v-uv;ĺ Ѵ†mbuv;-|;lru-m-;7-7
r-ĻѲ-m|;Ķ-ࢼ|;]†|-|u-0-f޳Ļĸ-Ķmol;]†|-0-7;f-uѲo
|-l0b࣐m r†;7; ];m;u-u v;mঞlb;m|ov 7; u;1_-Œo ;m
;|†7bor;uo‹-|†ˆ;t†;7;f-bѲo‹ࢼu-br-ĻѲ-m|;Ľĸň ;7uoĺ
-Ѵ]†m-vbmv|-m1b-v7;Ѵ-1ol†mb7-7ĺ m;=;1|oķ-Ѵ]†m-v
“Yo no quería quedar embarazada, pero ya que lo tuve adolescentes reportaron casarse mientras estudiaban,
‹o7;1b7࠸|;m;uѲo‹;mmbm]ࣝmlol;m|or;mvߪ7bt†;;m
‹1olo1omv;1†;m1b-v†vu;vr;1ঞˆov1;m|uov;7†1-ঞ-
-0ou|-u‹;voĽĸň -ul;m
ˆovѴ-vo0Ѵb]-uom-7;f-uѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-rout†;ķ1om;Ѵru;-
“Hay mucha’ que se lo sacan, hay mucha’ que lo mari- |;Š|o7;t†;7;0झ-m;ˆb|-ut†;o|u-v_b1b;u-mѴolbvloĺ
7oѲ;7-m]our;Ķ_-‹l†1_-t†;v;Ѳ-v-1-mrout†;Ѳov
marío no quieren lo niño. Y hay mucha que se le salen
mѴov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vˆ-uom;vķv;uu;vromv-0Ѵ;7;†m;l-
vbmt†;u;uĽĸ
0-u-Œo|-l0b࣐mঞ;m;;=;1|ov7;mo1omঞm†-uѴov;v|†-
7bovķr;uoķv;]িmѴo;Šru;v-7orou;ѴѴovķr-u-1†lrѴbu1om
IMPACTOS EN EDUCACIÓN: v†uoѴ7;ruoˆ;;7ouĺvblbvloķѴ-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v
-Cul-t†;vb_†0b;v;m|;mb7o-‹†7-r-u-1†b7-u-Ѵ-1ub--
“Yo tuviera ya, ya yo tuviera en la universidad ya y
|†u-Ő;v|-m1b-vbm=-mঞѴ;vķ]†-u7;uझ-vķl;fou;v1झu1†Ѵov7;
_†0b;u- vb7o ruo=;vbom-bĹ; _†0b;u- ]†v|-7o _-1;u
cursos ve, curso de belleza, si no fuera yo hata tuviera -ro‹oőķ_†0b;v;mu;|ol-7ov†v;v|†7bov-m|;vĺ
en la universidad ve, yo siempre cuando yo era niña
yo siempre pensaba eso, terminar mi carrera antes de $-l0b࣐m v; u;]bv|u-uom ;Š1;r1bom;v 7; -7oѴ;v1;m|;v
1-v-ul;Ľĸň ;-|ubŒ l†f;u;vt†;mo-0-m7om-uomv†v;v|†7bov7†u-m|;;Ѵ
;l0-u-Œoķ‹o|u-vt†;u;-m†7-uomv†v;v|†7bov;ˆ;m-
ļ mѲ-;v1†;Ѳ-mo-1;r|-0-m;l0-u-Œ-7-vĽĸň-_mm-
|†-Ѵl;m|; Őruol;7bo 7; ƓŊƔ -ोov 7;vr†࣐v 7;Ѵ m-1b-
“Tuve que dejailo y salime a mitad y me ha pesao mu-
lb;m|o7;Ѵ-1ub-|†u-őķ‹Ѵo_b1b;uom;mv†l-‹ouझ-ˆझ-
1_o7;f޳Ѳov;v|†7boĶrout†;-_ou-vb|†mo;u;0-1_bѲѲ;b
mo1omvb]†;|u-0-fo;mmbm]†m-;lru;v-Ľĸň ubv;Ѵ7‹ Ѵovruo]u-l-v7;!-7bo"-m|--uझ-ķѴov7olbm]ovķo
! !ķѴovv࢙0-7ovĺ
ļ+omo;v|-0-1om|;m|-Ķ‹ot†;u࠸-;v|†7b-uĽĸňm-v-0;Ѵ

“Todo fue diferente. Tu sabe que el camino como que En otro orden, el embarazo en adolescentes puede te-
v;Ѳ;1b;uu--†moĶmovߪĹ;vl޳v7bࠋ1bѲr-u-†mou;-ѲbŒ-u m;uo|u-vu;r;u1†vbom;vķ1olo;Ѵv;mঞlb;m|o7;_-0;u
sus estudios, para cualquier trabajo, aunque uno entre
-v††mbˆ;uvb7-7Ķr;uol޳v|-u7;ĸ&momor†;7;_-1;u 1†lrѴb7o †m uoѴ vo1b-Ѵl;m|; ˆ࢙Ѵb7o o ruo7†1bu v;mঞ-
Ѳ-1-uu;u-t†;†mot†;u࠸-_-1;u-m|;7;ĹĽĸň v|_;u lb;m|ov7;|;lourouѴ-bm;Šr;ub;m1b-ĺ
ļ+o;v|-0-;mv;Š|o1†-m7ol;l;ࢾ1omߪѲĶ‹‹-v-0;
mv;mঞ7o];m;u-ѴķѴ-l-‹ouझ-7;ѴovņѴ-vfॕˆ;m;v;m|u;-
que cuando uno se casa así, no lo acetan en la escuela
rubl-ub-‹-v࠸ĸ m|om1;Ķl;7;f-uom|;ulbm޳;v;-ࡧoĽĸň ˆbv|-7ovņ-v-7lb|;t†;v†ˆb7-‹v†0b;m;v|-u1-l0bॕ
(;uॕmb1-
completamente tras el embarazo adolescente, hacien-
7o u;=;u;m1b-ķ vo0u; |o7oķ - Ѵ- r࣐u7b7- 7; Ѵb0;u|-7;v

110 CAPÍTULO 3
NARRANDO HISTORIAS

ļѲ-lbvl-;7-7t†;ࢼ;m;;ѲmbࡧoŎƒ-ࡧovŏ;volbvlo_-1;t†;7;fߪ7;;v|†7b-u‹_-1;†m-ࡧoѲou;|olߪĽĸň ;Ѵ;v|;

ļ+o;v|†7boѲovv޳0-7ovrou;volbloĶlbmbࡧo;v|†7b-Ķ‹omor†;7o;v|†7b-uѲ-v;l-m-;m|;u-Ķ;v|†7boѲovv޳0-7ov
7;Ѵ-l-ƎrlĽĸň -ubvoѴ

ļ+oѲ;7;lov|uߪ-;ѲѲovt†;;vomo;vm-7-‹v;]†࠸;v|†7b-m7o‹mor-uߪ;Ѳ;v|†7boĸ+omor;u7࠸1Ѳ-v;Ķm-7b|-7;1Ѳ-v;
‹mo=-Ѳ|ߪmb†m7࠸-|-lro1oĶ‹‹o_b1;†mol-Ѳ;|-u;=†;u|;|-l0bߪm‹‹omor;b7࠸-1Ѳ-v;Ķ‹ovb;lru;;u-‹;m7o-Ѳ-
;1†;Ѳ-‹;voĽĸňGiselle

r-u-7bˆ;uঞuv;ķ-Ѵ_-0;u|;mb7ot†;7;f-uѴov;v|†7bovķ‹ 1bom-Ѵķ1om|uoѴ‹ˆboѴ;m1b-90ˆ;u0-Ѵrour-u|;7;Ѵ-r-u;f-ķ
-Ѵ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-7lou-Ѵ‹Cm-m1b;u-t†;u;ru;v;m|-Ѵ- Ѵ†;]o7;Ѵm-1blb;m|o7;Ѵ-1ub-|†u-ĺ&m;Ѵ;l;m|oblrou-
1ub-|†u-ĺ |-m|;ķ t†; v; u;Ѵ-1bom- 1om Ѵ-ˆboѴ;m1b- bm|u-=-lbѴb-uķ ;v
;Ѵ|;l-7;Ѵ_-1bm-lb;m|oķt†;u;r;u1†|;;mѴovmbोov-
bv1ublbm-1bॕm‹ˆboѴ;m1b-7;]࣐m;uoĺ =†|†uoĹ

|u-v ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-v ˆbm1†Ѵ-7-v -Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ‹ l-|;umb- ƴ ľ"झĺ Ѵmbोoˆ--v;uˆboѴ;m|oķѴ-mbो-ĻѴo;v|࢙mˆb-


7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;t†;u;t†b;u;mѴ--|;m1bॕm7;Ѵ-vroѴझঞ- ˆb;m7oѴot†;ļ|࢙mˆb;m7o;m;Ѵ_o]-uķrout†;†v-
1-vrি0Ѵb1-v;m7bˆ;uvov࢙l0b|ovķvomѴ-7bv1ublbm-1bॕm‹ |;7ˆ--†m-1-vb|-‹†v|;7Ļ;v|࢙m†v|;7‹v†l†-
Ѵ-ˆboѴ;m1b-7;]࣐m;uoĺl0-vruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-v;v|࢙mu;Ѵ-- f;u‹1†࢙m|ovmbोov‹†mvoѴo1†-u|o‹-_झ7†;ul;m
cionadas principalmente por patrones culturales tradicio- |o7ovf†m|ovķ|o7o;vobmY†‹;ĺĿŋ1|ouu;Ѵb]bovoĺ
m-Ѵ;v‹;vt†;l-v7;vb]†-Ѵ;v7;ro7;u;m|u;Ѵov_ol0u;v
‹Ѵ-vl†f;u;vĺ mѴ-v7b=;u;m|;v;Šru;vbom;v|-l0b࣐mv;b7;mঞC1-ķt†;;Ѵ
embarazo en la adolescencia las obliga a asumir respon-
Ѵ u;vr;1|oķ v; l;m1bom-uom 7b=;u;m|;v ;vঞ]l-v ;m Ѵ-
v-0bѴb7-7;v7;Ѵ-;|-r--7†Ѵ|-ĺ-vu;Ѵ-1bom;v7;vb]†-Ѵ;v
comunidad y discriminaciones contra la adolescente em-
7;ro7;uķ1olou;v†Ѵ|-7o7;Ѵov;v|;u;oঞrov7;]࣐m;-
0-u-Œ-7- t†; vom 7; o1†uu;m1b- 1olিmķ bm1Ѵ†vo ;m ;Ѵ
uoķouoѴ;v|u-7b1bom-Ѵ;vķ1om7;vˆ;m|-f-;mѴ-vl†f;u;vķ‹
࢙l0b|o ;7†1-ঞˆoĺ ;m;u-Ѵl;m|;ķ ;Ѵ u;1_-Œo ‹ Ѵ- 0†uѴ-
1ol0bm-7o1om;Ѵ;v1-vo;lro7;u-lb;m|o‹-†|omolझ-
o1†uu;m;m;Ѵ࢙l0b|o1ol†mb|-uboĺ
;1omॕlb1-ķѴblb|-v†vor1bom;v7;-1†l†Ѵ-uѴo]uov;mv†
$-l0b࣐mķv;l-mb=;v|ॕ_-0;uv†=ub7ol-mbr†Ѵ-1bॕm;lo- ˆb7--7†Ѵ|-ĺ

90
 $-Ѵ‹1olov;bm7b1ॕ;m;Ѵ1-rझ|†Ѵo-m|;ubouķ;m;Ѵl-u1o7;Ѵ-u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v;m1†;v|-v1†-mঞ|-ঞˆ-vv†u]bॕ;ˆb7;m1b-7;1-vov;m;Ѵr-v-7o7;ˆboѴ;m1b-ࣱvb1-
7;r-u;f-झmঞl-;bm|u-=-lbѴb-uĺ m;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v-ruo=†m7b7-7ķvoѴov;u;rou|-uom1-vov7;ˆboѴ;m1b-ˆ;u0-Ѵĺ

CAPÍTULO 3 111
PERSPECTIVAS Y ASPIRACIONES:

ļ"b;lru;|;ˆbˆ;mlbu-m7ol-Ѳ‹l;7;1࠸-mt†;‹o-uu†bmߪlb=†|†uoĽĸň -†u-

“Sí, en la comunidad decían que yo era muy adolescente para haber quedado embarazada, que si yo que. Me hacían
v;mࢼul-Ѳĸ+ol;v;mࢾ-ĸĸĸĶ1olot†;movߪĶ1olot†;l;7-0-ˆ;b]ࣟ;mŒ-Ľĸň Ѵ-m1-

ļ†-m7o|†1ol;|;†m;uuouѲ-];m|;Ѳot†;ࢼ;m;t†;7;1bu;vĺ‹-Ķ;|޳0b;mĶ‹-|ࣝѲo1ol;ࢼv|;Ķr;uomoѲoˆ†;Ѳˆ--_-1;uĶ
1†-m7o|†ˆ-‹--_-1ߪ;|o‹;|oࢼ;m;t†;1†b7-|;Ķ;1_-ur-ĻѲ-m|;Ķࢼ;m;t†;|u-0-f޳r-Ļ1ub޳-|†mbࡧ-ĻĶˆ;Ѳ7-7ĸĸĸr;uo
moĶmoĹ|ࣝ|;|uom1_-|;|†1-lbmoĶ|ࣝmo;u;m-7b;Ľĸň(;uॕmb1-

“Un día yo le dije que ya la niña tenía un año, que yo estaba preparada para estudiar. Me decía que, si yo estudiaba,
que no’ íbamo [a] fuñí yo y la niña, que se iba a ir y nos iba a dejar.
ļ"࠸Ķrout†;;b;u-1;ѲovoĶl†‹1;ѲovoĶ1-7-ˆ;Œ_-v|-1†-m7or-b1obl-7ot†;‹ov-Ѳb;u-;bb0--|u޳Ķ$ࣝmoˆ--;|†7b޳ĻĶ
l;7;1࠸-ĸ;7;1࠸-t†;v;b0--7;]-ub|޳‹l;b0--7;f-b1olo-0-m7om޳1om|o‹Ѳ-mbࡧ-Ľĸň (-Ѵ;ub;

ļŐ‫ڗ‬Ѳől;Ѳ;ˆ-m|-0-Ѳ-ˆoŒ‹v;]ࣝm‹ol;rom࠸--ѲѲou޳o-Ѳ]oĶrout†;|†v-0;ŎĹŏĶ‹ol;rom࠸--ѲѲou޳‹-_࠸;u-t†;v;
-bl-0-Ķv†0࠸-v†ˆoŒ‹v-Ѳ࠸-r-=†;u-‹v;b0-Ľĸň -m‹

Ѵ]†m-v;Š1Ѵ†vbom;v7†u-vķ1oloѴ-7bv1-r-1b7-7ķ=†;uom
l;m1bom-7-v rou -1|ou;vņ-v 7; Ѵ-v 1ol†mb7-7;vķ -0o- ļ‫ڗ‬Ѳ|o7o;Ѳࢼ;lro_-vb7ou;vromv-0Ѳ;-v†v_bfovĶ
m†m1-l;_-7-7oѲ-;vr-Ѳ7-ĸ‫ڗ‬Ѳl;-‹†7-ĶߪѲ;v
]-m7orouruo]u-l-vr-u-mbोov‹mbो-v;vr;1b-Ѵ;vt†;
t†;l;Ѳo-ࢼ;m7;1†-m7oˆo‹-;v|†7b-uĶߪѲv;Ѳo
Ѵ;v0ubm7;m1†b7-7ov‹†m-;7†1-1bॕmbm|;]u-ѴĹ lleva a su trabajo. Si voy a salir, cuando no estoy
‹oĶ;vߪѲ1omѲo7ࡱmbࡧoĽĸň †bv-
ƴ ľŒ-œ -|;m1bॕm m|;]u-Ѵ r-u- -7oѴ;v1;m|;v =†;u-
ļ†;mo mo l; r†;7o t†;f-u Ŏ7;Ѳ r-7u; 0boѲࡱ]b1o
0†;moŒĻœķr;uoѿ †b࣐mѴoˆ--v†0vb7b-uĵѿ †b࣐mv;
7;Ѳ_bfoŏvbmol;l-m7-l†1_o1olo7;0;u࠸-Ķ|ࣝ
ˆ--;m1-u]-uĵѿ$িˆ;ĵŒĻœ;m;v|;0-uuboĺĺĺ;m;v|o sabe, pero no me puedo quejar porque siempre si
;l†1_ol࢙Ľblrou|-m|;r-u-|u-0-f-u1om-7oѴ;v- ;Ѳmbࡧov;;m=;ul-ĶߪѲ7b†m-ˆߪl-m7-‹;voĽĸň Ѵ-u-
1;m|;†mruo]u-l--vझķt†;v;|u-0-f;7bu;1|-l;m|;
“Ei me ayudaba siempre con la niña. Pero ahora
7;v7; -ѴѴझķ ;vo v;uझ- ];mb-Ѵ †m ruo]u-l- r-u- ;vo 7;vr†ߪv t†; moĻ v;r-u-lovĶ moĸ b l; -‹†7-0-
mbोovķmbो-v‹-7oѴ;v1;m|;vt†;t†b;u;mˆ;mbuķr;uo mucho, pero ahora que no’ separamo’, y si le da
-Ѳ]o-Ѳ-mbࡧ-;Ļvb|-lof†m|o7;m†;ˆoĶr;uovbmo
ѿॕloѴo_-1;lovĻĵĿ |-lof†m|o;bmoѲ;7-m-7-ĸ+‹omoˆ†;bˆo-|u޳‹-Ķ
moĽĸň;u|u†7bv

ouu;vromv-0bѴb7-77;Ѵovr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;Ѵrubl;u ļoĸ ‫ڗ‬Ѳ ;v|޳ =†;u- 7;Ѳ r-࠸vĶ mo v-0; vb |- ˆbˆ-Ķ vb
_bfoņ-;mѴ-1ub-mŒ-ĺ 1ol;Ķvbˆbv|;Ķm-7-Ľ.- ;1_‹

- l-‹ouझ- 7; Ѵ-v ;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v bm7b1ॕ _-0;u u;1b0b7o


-ro‹o ;1omॕlb1o o ;lo1bom-Ѵ rou r-u|; 7; Ѵov r-7u;v 7; Ѵovņ-v _bfovņ-vķ v; u;]bv|u-m u;v†Ѵ|-7ov lbŠ|ovĹ r-7u;v
0boѴॕ]b1ov7;v†rubl;u_bfoņ-ĺ"o0u;;Ѵ1†b7-7o1oঞ7b-mo 0boѴॕ]b1ov t†; -িm ;v|࢙m f†m|o - Ѵ- l-7u;‹ t†; v†;Ѵ;m

112 CAPÍTULO 3
NARRANDO HISTORIAS

Recuadro 14
"$! !"$҃$ "  ! "

ubvঞm-ķm-1b7-‹1ub-7-;m-v-ोb|-v;m 0-u]oķv;-v†v|ॕrouѴ-u;-11bॕmt†;;vr;u-- ѴѴ-moঞ;m;-1|-7;m-1blb;m|oĺ"†vr-r;-


†m-=-lbѴb-0b;mm†l;uov-7;ƐƏ_;ul-mov 0-7;v†l-7u;Ĺľ;mv-0-t†;lbl-l࢙l; Ѵ;vmo-r-u;1;m;mѴ-oC1bm-1ouu;vrom7b;m-
7;r-7u;‹l-7u;ĺѴovƐƔ-ोov7;;7-7v; b0--7-u]oѴr;vĿĺ |;7;Ѵu;]bv|uo1bˆbѴ‹|;m7u࢙t†;;lr;Œ-u7;
=†;-ˆbˆbu1omv†r-u;f-ķt†b;m;vvॕѴo7ov 1;uo r-u- ro7;u 1om|-u 1om ;Ѵ 7o1†l;m|oĺ
ѴѴ- 7b1; t†; t†;7-u ;l0-u-Œ-7- =†; †m
-ोov l-‹ou t†; ;ѴѴ-ĺ o‹ ঞ;m; -r;m-v Ɛƕ ; rb7b;uom †m- 1-u|- 7;Ѵ _ovrb|-Ѵ ou]-m
-11b7;m|;ĸ-†mt†;m†m1-†ঞѴbŒ-uomruo|;1-
-ोov‹;v|࢙-Ѵ;f-7-7;v†v-lbv|-7;vĸ‹-1-vb 7om7;m-1bॕķr;uo࣐v|;;v|࢙;mruo1;vo7;
1bॕm-mঞ1om1;rঞˆ-ĺľlझmol;]†v|-;voĿķ
mo v-Ѵ;ĺ ľ ;r†࣐ 7; Ѵo ƐƔ r- -ѴѴ࢙ķ‹-‹o mo u;lo7;Ѵ-1bॕm ‹ mo -r-u;1; m-7-ĺ ou mo
u;Cub࣐m7ov; - Ѵov ru;v;uˆ-ঞˆovĺ omC;v-
_-]o l†1_o 1ouoĿĺ "; 1-v-uom - |-m 1ou|- 1om|-u1omv†-1|-7;m-1blb;m|oķv;Ѵ;_-
t†;m†m1-u;1b0bॕ;7†1-1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵĺ
;7-7 rout†; ;ѴѴ- t†;7ॕ ;l0-u-Œ-7-ĺ l- 7bC1†Ѵ|-7o v;]†bu ;v|†7b-m7oĸ ;m Ѵ- ;v1†;-
0ovv;blru;vbom-uom1†-m7ov†rb;uomt†; †mt†; ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|; ;v l†‹ Ѵ-moѴ;r;ulbঞ;uomr-v-u7;Ѵo1|-ˆo1†uvo
;v|-0-m;vr;u-m7o†mmbोoķr;uo7;1b7b;uom 1olিm;mv†1ol†mb7-7ķѴovˆ;1bmovvb;l- vbm7b1_-7o1†l;m|-1bॕmr†;vmoro7झ-|o-
v;]†bu -7;Ѵ-m|;ĺ ľ‫ݽ‬Ѵ v; r†vo =;ѴbŒ |-l0b࣐mĺ ru; 7bv1ublbm-m ‹ ;ѴѴ- v; vbmঞॕ -Yb]b7-ĺ l-uѴ-vru†;0-vm-1bom-Ѵ;v-vझķ‹_-v|--_झ
†࣐ro7;lo_-1;uĵ+-t†;Ѵo|;m;lo-_झ ľ"b;lru;_-‹†mot†;v;0†uѴ-ĺ&mov;rom; t†;7ॕĺ ѴѴ-ঞ;m;†m-_;ul-m-l;ѴѴbŒ-t†;
moѴoˆ-lo-7;r;u7b1b-ѴĿķr;mv-uomĺ"bm;l- v;mvb0Ѵ;‹v;vb;m|;l-ѴĿĺ ঞ;m;;Ѵlbvloruo0Ѵ;l-7;=-Ѵ|-7;-1|-7;

Ella dice que quedar embarazada fue un accidente; aunque nunca


†ࢼѲbŒ-uomruo|;11bࡱm-mࢼ1om1;rࢼˆ-ĸļl࠸mol;]†v|-;voĽĶu;Cubߪm7ov;
-Ѳovru;v;uˆ-ࢼˆovĸomC;v-t†;m†m1-u;1b0bࡱ;7†1-1bࡱmv;Š†-Ѳĸ

m-1blb;m|o t†b;m -7;l࢙vķ |-l0b࣐m t†;7ॕ ‹7;|o7ovѴovoC1bov7;Ѵ_o]-uĺˆ;1;v-‹†- m1Ѵ†vo v† v†;]uoķ 1om t†b;m mo v; ѴѴ;ˆ-0-
;l0-u-Œ-7-foˆ;mķ1†-m7o|;mझ-ƐƔ-ोovĺ 7--v†l-l࢙;mѴ-=࢙0ub1-7;-Ѵlo_-7-v‹ l†‹ 0b;m oub]bm-Ѵl;m|;ķ -_ou- Ѵ- -ro‹- ‹
1ofbm;v7;v†ruorb;7-7ĺ"†r-u;f-ķt†;|;u- |u-|--v†mb;|ol†‹0b;mĺ
!;1omo1;t†;v†ˆb7-_-1-l0b-7ol†1_oĸ
lbmॕ ;Ѵ 1†-u|o 7; 0-1_bѴѴ;u-|oķ |u-0-f- ;m
ľo;vѴolbvloķ-_ou-‹o|;m]ol࢙vu;vrom- m;Ѵ=†|†uoķ;ѴѴ-t†bvb;u-u;|ol-uv†v;v|†-
1omv|u†11bॕmĸ-࣐ѴmoѴ;bm|;u;v-v;]†bu;v|†-
v-0bѴb7-7;vķmo࣐Ѵolblot†;-m|;Ŀķr;uomo 7bov|-mruom|or†;7-1om|-u1omv†-1|-7;
7b-m7oĺ
v;-uu;rb;m|;7;_-0;uѴo|;mb7ofoˆ;mĺ v|࢙ m-1blb;m|oĺ$-l0b࣐mt†bvb;u-_-1;uv;ruo=;-
=;ѴbŒ‹v;vb;m|;7b1_ov-7;t†;v†_bfomov; - u;1b0b7o -ro‹o 7; v†v r-7u;v ‹ 7; v† vbom-Ѵ7;Ѵ-bm];mb;uझ-ĺ"†r-r࢙;v1-urbm|;-
;m=;ul- 1om =u;1†;m1b-ĸ ;ѴѴ- vb;m|; t†; mo v†;]u-ķ |-m|o ;1omॕlb1-l;m|; 1olo ;m ;Ѵ uo‹ _- |u-0-f-7o vb;lru; ;m 1omv|u†11bॕmķ
_-r-v-7o|-m|o|u-0-fo1olor;mv-0-t†; 1†b7-7o7;Ѵ0;0࣐ĺ7;l࢙vķv†v†;]u-;v;m- -7;l࢙vķ v† ;vrovo |-l0b࣐m |u-0-f- ;m ;v;
b0--r-v-uĺ ѴѴovѴov7ovv†=u;m7;=-Ѵ1;lb-‹ =;ul;u-‹Ѵ;=†;7;]u-m-ro‹o7†u-m|;Ѵ-v v;1|ou ‹ rou ;vo ;v- 1-uu;u- Ѵ; ѴѴ-l- |-m|o
1u;‹;uomt†;b0-m-|;m;ut†;;m=u;m|-u7b- ˆbvb|-v-Ѵl࣐7b1o;m|o7o;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺľro- Ѵ- -|;m1bॕmĺ -u- v† _bfoķ 7;v;- t†; v;- †m
1_-;m=;ul;7-71omv†0;0࣐|-l0b࣐mķr;uo ‹o-lझm†m1-l;=-Ѵ|ॕķrout†;|;mझ--ro‹o _ol0u;7;0b;m‹t†;mor-v;|u-0-fo;m;Ѵ
mo_-vb7o;Ѵ1-voĺ 7;lbl-l࢙ķ7;lbr-r࢙‹7;Ѵ-=-lbѴb-7;lb =†|†uoĺ
mbो-ĸ-ro‹om†m1-l;=-Ѵ|ॕķ]u-1b-v- bovĿĺ
m;Ѵ7झ--7झ-;ѴѴ-v;o1†r-7;1†b7-uѴ-1-v-

v;uŊ;mv†]u-ml-‹ouझ-Ŋu;vromv-0Ѵ;v;bmˆoѴ†1u-7ovĸ‹ v†v|;m|o;1omॕlb1o‹;m-ro‹o-Ѵ-1ub-mŒ-7;Ѵov_bfovņ
o|uovt†;mou;-ѴbŒ-mt†;_-1;u;v7;Ѵ_o]-umb1olr-u|;m -vĺoo0v|-m|;ķ];m;u-Ѵl;m|;;ѴuoѴt†;v;;vr;u-7;Ѵ
Ѵ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-77;Ѵ1†b7-7oĺ mѴov1-vov7;u†r|†u-7; r-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o;v|u-0-f-u‹ruoˆ;;uѴovu;1†uvovCm-m-
Ѵ-r-u;f-v;;ˆb7;m1b-l;mou-rou|;o1om|ub0†1bॕm;m;Ѵ 1b;uovr-u-;Ѵ_o]-uĺ

CAPÍTULO 3 113
PERSPECTIVAS Y ASPIRACIONES:

rou|†mb7-7;v7; ;v-uuoѴѴor-u-Ѵ- Diagrama 4


†ˆ;m|†7ķ;Šr;1|-ঞˆ-v7;=†|†uoķ ! ""! " &$&!
plan de vida y de superación.
";bm7-]ॕ-1;u1-7;Ѵ-r;u1;r1bॕm7;Ѵ-vņ CANTIDAD DE MENCIONES DE CADA EXPRESIÓN

los adolescentes sobre las oportunidades


7;7;v-uuoѴѴo‹r;uvr;1ঞˆ-v7;l;fou-7; (b-f-uņomo1;u
3 †;lbv_bfov;v|†7b;m
v†v1om7b1bom;v7;ˆb7-ĺ mѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv- 6
|-v1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-vv;o0v;uˆ-t†;Ѵ-v-vrbu-- ;]o1boruorbo 3
(emprender) ;fou;7†1-1bॕm
ciones más comunes de las adolescentes 5 v;Š†-Ѵr-u-lbv_bfov
para el futuro, son tener una casa propia,
1omv;]†bu †m 0†;m |u-0-fo Ő-†mt†; ;vo ҏ &‫ " ݽ‬

blrѴbt†;buv;Ѵ;fov7;Ѵ-Œom-7om7;-1-
PARA EL
FUTURO?
19 ;fouņ†;m
$u-0-fo

|†-Ѵl;m|;ˆbˆ;mőķ‹|;ulbm-uѴov;v|†7bovĺ 20
†1_ov7;Ѵovfॕˆ;m;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7ovঞ;- ;fouˆb7-r-u-
lझ‹lbv_bfovņ-v
8
Casa propia
nen aspiraciones de poner sus propios
m;]o1bov;m;Ѵ=†|†uoķu;1omo1b;m7ot†; 20
necesitan apoyo y recursos para poder
Ѵo]u-uѴoĺ mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-v†v;Šr;1|-ঞˆ-v‹ Terminar los
estudios
deseos para el futuro, puede apreciarse
t†;v†7;Cmb1bॕm7;ruo]u;vo;v|࢙u;Ѵ--
cionado principalmente con la posibilidad
de terminar sus estudios y de obtener un “Yo quiero tener muchos estudios e irme fuera de este país, para con-
v;]†bu†m0†;m|u-0-fo‹t†b;uo_-1;ulbruorb-1-v-‹Ѳ-7;lbl-l޳ĸ
0†;m|u-0-foĺ +oĹѲot†;t†b;uo;v|u-0-f-uĶ|u-0-f-u‹|u-0-f-uĽĸň -u]-ub|-

u࢙1ঞ1-l;m|; |o7-v Ѵ-v fॕˆ;m;v ;m|u;- ļ$;m;ulb1-v-ruorb-Ķ;v-;vlb;Šr;1|-ࢼˆ-Ľĸň †Ѵbvv-


ˆbv|-7-v u;1ol;m7-uझ-m - v†v _bfovņ-v
ļovo|uo-_ou-|;m;lo†mvoѲ-uĶˆ-lo-1ol;mŒ-u-1om|u†࠸ĹĽĸň†-m-
|;ulbm-uv†v;v|†7bov‹mov;ul-7u;vņ
r-7u;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ - ]u-m l-‹ouझ- ļ+ot†bvb;u-t†;;ѲѲov;v|†7b;m‹t†;ѲѲ;]†;m-†m-l;|--Ѳ|-Ķov;-Ķ
su bachiller o cómo e… la universidad y que estudien la carrera que
vb;m|; t†; v†v _bfovņ-v 7;0;m 1om|-u
;ѲѲot†b;u-mĶѲ-t†;-;ѲѲol޳vѲ;v]†v|;r-u-t†;ˆbˆ-m0b;mĽĸň ;moˆ;ˆ-
1om bm=oul-1bॕm orou|†m- ‹ 7; 1-Ѵb7-7
ļ†;7o|;m;ulbruorb-v-Ѳ-7;|-u;-ĽĸňѴ-†7b-
vo0u;v†v-Ѵ†7;7†1-1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo-
7†1ঞˆ-ĺ ļl࠸mol;1omˆbmoĶ|†v-0;Ķt†;Ѳot†;‹or-vߪ‹omot†b;uot†;;ѲѲ-
Ѳor-v;ĸ;]†v|-u࠸-t†;‹-1†-m7o|;m]-_bfo|;m]-†m-;7-70b;mr-
;b]†-Ѵl-m;u-ķѴ-vr;uvom-v;m|u;ˆbv- ;voĸ †;|;m]-m;Šr;ub;m1b-ĸň l-ubѴ‹v
|-7-v_-1;mu;=;u;m1b--Ѵľruo]u;voĿrou
ļ;]†v|-u࠸-t†;;ѲѲov;_-]-m0-1_bѲѲ;u;Ķˆ-‹-m-Ѳ-†mbˆ;uvb7-7Ķ1o-
l;7bo 7;Ѵ -11;vo - -1ঞˆovķ ;vr;1झC1-- f-mѲ-1-uu;u-t†;;ѲѲot†b;u-m;v|†7b-ѲĶt†;ˆbˆ-m1ࡱlo7o‹0b;mĽĸň
!ov-mm-
l;m|;-Ѵ-|;m;m1b-7;1-v-ruorb-ĺ

114 CAPÍTULO 3
NARRANDO HISTORIAS

ubm1br-Ѵ;vu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-

-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vv;ो-Ѵ-Ѵ-=-Ѵ|-7;†vo7;-mঞ1om1;rঞˆov1oloѴ-rubm1br-Ѵ1-†v-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ŐƓƒѷőĺ|u-v1-†v-vl;m1bom-7-v=†;uom;Ѵ†vobm-7;1†-7o7;-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovŐƐƔѷő‹Ѵ-=-Ѵ|-7;
1omo1blb;m|ovvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ŐƐƔѷőĺѴ]†m-vl;m1bom;vu;Y;f-mr-|uom;v1†Ѵ|†u-Ѵ;vru;v;m|;v;m;Ѵ
;m|oumo=-lbѴb-u‹7;Ѵ-r-u;f-ķˆ-Ѵou-m7o;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo1olol;7bo7;u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕmr;uvom-Ѵĺ

-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v-Cul-_-0;uu;1b0b7o-Ѵ]িmঞro7;bm=oul-1bॕmo;7†1-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹
u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķr;uobm7b1-mt†;;Šbv|;†m-]u-m1-u;m1b-;mѴ-1-Ѵb7-7ķruo=†m7b7-7‹=u;1†;m1b-;mѴ-o=;u|-7;
7b1_-bm=oul-1bॕmĺ

-l-‹our-u|;7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vv;ो-Ѵॕ-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-1oloѴ-rubm1br-Ѵ=†;m|;7;bm=oul-1bॕmvo0u;v-Ѵ†7
v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ-†mt†;†m-ruorou1bॕmblrou|-m|;bm7b1ॕt†;Ѵov=-lbѴb-u;vo†m1;m|uo7;v-Ѵ†7=†;uomѴ-=†;m|;
7;;v-bm=oul-1bॕmĺ

ovv†;ोov‹-vrbu-1bom;vl࢙v1ol†m;vr-u-;Ѵ=†|†uovom|;m;u†m-1-v-ruorb-ķ1omv;]†bu†m0†;m|u-0-foŐ-†mt†;;vo
blrѴbt†;buv;Ѵ;fov7;Ѵ-Œom-7om7;-1|†-Ѵl;m|;ˆbˆ;mőķ|;m;u†mm;]o1boruorboķ‹|;ulbm-uѴov;v|†7bovĺ

-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v1obm1b7;;mt†;v;u;t†b;u;bm1u;l;m|-uѴ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;;l0-u-Œov;m
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹7;$"v7;v7;Ѵov1;m|uov7;v-Ѵ†7ķ‹Ѵ-vorou|†mb7-7;v7;-11;vo-v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-
r;ul-m;m|;v1om1-Ѵb7-7ĺ

-vfॕˆ;m;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vl†;v|u-m7;v;ov7;uolr;u1om;Ѵ1झu1†Ѵobm|;u];m;u-1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĸ
;Šru;v-m;Ѵ7;v;o7;t†;v†v_bfovņ-v1†Ѵlbm;mv†v;v|†7bov‹-7t†b;u-mbm=oul-1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-orou|†m-
-Cm7;;ˆb|-u;v-1om7b1bॕmĺ

-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v-vo1b-;ѴuoѴ7;Ѵ-r-|;umb7-71omuoѴ;v|u-7b1bom-Ѵ;v-uu-b]-7ov;mѴ-vo1b;7-7ĺ

-vfॕˆ;m;v;Šru;v-uomt†;Ѵ-ˆboѴ;m1b-rour-u|;7;v†r-u;f-o7;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†rubl;u_bfoņ-v;l-mbC;v|-
1oml-mbr†Ѵ-1bॕm;lo1bom-Ѵ‹ˆboѴ;m1b-ˆ;u0-Ѵĺ
mv;mঞ7o];m;u-ѴķѴ-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v-7lb|;t†;v†ˆb7-‹v†0b;m;v|-u1-l0bॕ1olrѴ;|-l;m|;
|u-v;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ_-1b;m7ou;=;u;m1b-ķvo0u;|o7oķ-Ѵ-r࣐u7b7-7;Ѵb0;u|-7;vr-u-7bˆ;uঞuv;ķ-Ѵ_-0;u|;mb7o
t†;7;f-uѴov;v|†7bovķ‹-Ѵ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-7lou-Ѵ‹Cm-m1b;u-t†;u;ru;v;m|-Ѵ-1ub-|†u-ĺ

-vfॕˆ;m;v;Šru;v-uomѴ-m;1;vb7-77;1om|-u1om;v|-m1b-vbm=-mঞѴ;v1olo†ml;1-mbvlo7;-ro‹or-u-1omঞm†-u1om
v†v;v|†7bov|u-v;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ

-vfॕˆ;m;vˆ-Ѵou-mѴov;v|†7bov1olo†m-orou|†mb7-77;ruo]u;voķ;m|-m|ot†;Ѵovˆ-uom;vѴoˆ;m1olo†m;Ѵ;l;m|o
t†;u;=†;uŒ-v†uoѴ7;ruoˆ;;7ouĺ
";1†;vঞomॕѴ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-77;Ѵ-=-lbѴb-1olo;vr-1bo7;-ro‹oķ]†झ-‹v†r;uˆbvbॕmĺѴ]†m-vr;uvom-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v
-Cul-uomt†;Ѵ-bm7b=;u;m1b-7;Ѵov=-lbѴb-u;vŐ;vr;1b-Ѵl;m|;7;Ѵr-7u;‹7;Ѵ-l-7u;ő;v†m-7;Ѵ-vrubm1br-Ѵ;v1-†v-v
7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ

;uvom-Ѵ7;v-Ѵ†7;m|u;ˆbv|-7obm7b1ॕt†;Ѵ-vru;1-ub;7-7;v;mѴ-;m|u;]-7;bmv†lov7;rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm=-lbѴb-uķ-vझ1olo
7;l;7b1-l;m|ov7bC1†Ѵ|-Ѵ-orou|†m--|;m1bॕmt†;u;t†b;u;mѴov‹Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v;mѴ-1ol†mb7-7ĺ

CAPÍTULO 3 115
PERSPECTIVAS Y ASPIRACIONES:

Conclusiones

ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov 7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v 1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-vl†;v|u-m


Ѵ-v 7bC1†Ѵ|-7;v t†; ;Šr;ubl;m|-m Ѵ-v‹ Ѵov fॕˆ;m;v ;m
entornos de pobreza para acumular logros en materia
7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺou;f;lrѴoķvॕѴo-Ѵ]†m-v7;Ѵ-v
l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹-Ѵ]†movr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ovŐr-u;-
f-7;Ѵ-;l0-u-Œ-7-;m;Ѵrubl;uo;l0-u-Œoő_-mu;--
ѴbŒ-7o 1†uvov 1ou|ov |࣐1mb1ov ‹ ˆo1-1bom-Ѵ;vĺ †b;m;v
Ѵov_-m_;1_oķ];m;u-Ѵl;m|;Ѵovˆ-Ѵou-m1olorovbঞˆoķ -l-‹ou࠸-7;Ѳ-vfࡱˆ;m;v-Cul-
pero esto no necesariamente ha resultado en un em-
que si hubiesen tenido ayuda
rѴ;o7;1-Ѵb7-7ĺ
para cuidar a la criatura
Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ঞ;m7;-;Š-1;u0-u;v|-v7bC1†Ѵ-
|-7;vķ‹-t†;1obm1b7;m1om†m-o=;u|-rি0Ѵb1-Ѵblb|-7-ķ Ŏ;v|-m1b-vbm=-mࢼѲ;vĶ
†m;f;lrѴo7;;ѴѴoѴo;vѴ--†v;m1b-7;vbv|;l-vrি0Ѵb1ov
7;1†b7or-u-Ѵ-rubl;u-bm=-m1b-ĺ ;_;1_oķѴ-l-‹ouझ-
]†-u7;u࠸-vĶl;fou;v
7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v-Cul-t†;vb_†0b;v;m|;mb7o-‹†7-r-u- círculos de apoyoŏ,
1†b7-u-Ѵ-1ub-|†u-Ő;v|-m1b-vbm=-mঞѴ;vķ]†-u7;uझ-vķl;fo-
u;v1झu1†Ѵov7;-ro‹oőķ_†0b;v;mu;|ol-7ov†v;v|†7bov
hubiesen retomado sus
-m|;vĺ-m;1;vb7-77;;v|-m1b-vbm=-mঞѴ;v;mѴ-Œom-=†;
estudios antes.
†m;Ѵ;l;m|ol;m1bom-7o|-l0b࣐mrou-1|ou;v7;Ѵ-1o-
l†mb7-7 ;m|u;ˆbv|-7ovĺ omঞm†-u 1om Ѵ- ;Šr-mvbॕm 7;
1o0;u|†u-7;Ѵ1b1Ѵoru;;v1oѴ-ublrѴb1-uझ-†m=-1|oublrou- m|u;ѴovņѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vv;u;1omo1;t†;;Šbv|;bm=ou-
tante para impulsar mayores oportunidades de acumula- l-1bॕmķr;uvom-vķ;mঞ7-7;v‹_;uu-lb;m|-vt†;o=u;1;m
1bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v;mѴ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ oub;m|-1bom;v;ml-|;ub-7;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ĺ
"b 0b;m Ѵ- l-‹ouझ- bm7b1- _-0;u u;1b0b7o -Ѵ]িm ঞro 7;
&m-vr;1|o-7;v|-1-u;vt†;-Ѵl;m1bom-uѴov1†uvov;m
;7†1-1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵķ_-‹7;0bѴb7-7;vblrou|-m|;v;mѴ-1--
Ѵovt†;_-0झ-mr-uঞ1br-7oѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-vķv;r†;7;
lidad, integralidad, y frecuencia de la misma, además de
b7;mঞC1-uѴ-ru;v;m1b-7;;v|;u;oঞrov7;]࣐m;uo-vb]-
Ѵ-7bvromb0bѴb7-7‹-11;vo-Ѵovl࣐|o7ov-mঞ1om1;rঞˆov
m-7ov;m;v|;1om|;Š|o7;ro0Ѵ-1bॕmfoˆ;mĺ v7;1buķѴ-v
‹7;rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm=-lbѴb-uķ‹;m];m;u-Ѵ7;v;uˆb1bov7;
l†f;u;vl;m1bom-uom_-0;uv;bmv1ub|o;m1†uvov7;u;-
v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ĺ
rov|;uझ-ķ0;ѴѴ;Œ-ķl-mb1†u-‹r;7b1†u-ĸlb;m|u-vt†;Ѵov
hombres mencionaron cursos de mecánica, soldadura, -vfॕˆ;m;v;l0-u-Œ-7-vv†=u;mѴ-;Š1Ѵ†vbॕmrour-u|;
;m|u;o|uovĺ v|ov1†uvovv;1;m|u-m;mѴ-vo1†r-1bom;v 7;Ѵvbv|;l-;7†1-ঞˆoĺr;v-u7;t†;Ѵ-Ѵ;‹ƐƒѵŊƏƒruo-
‹ -1ঞˆb7-7;v ruo7†1ঞˆ-v t†; ঞ;m;m u;Ѵ-1bॕm 1om Ѵov tege el derecho de las adolescentes embarazadas a la
uoѴ;vt†;|u-7b1bom-Ѵl;m|;v;Ѵ;-|ub0†‹;m-Ѵ-l†f;u‹ ;7†1-1bॕmķ‹t†;Ѵ--];m7-m-1bom-Ѵ7;7;v-uuoѴѴobm1Ѵ†-
-Ѵ_ol0u;ķr;ur;|†-m7o-vझѴ-7;vb]†-Ѵ7-77;]࣐m;uoĺ ‹;1oloѴझm;-;v|u-|࣐]b1-;Ѵ]-u-mঞŒ-uѴ-r;ul-m;m1b-

116 CAPÍTULO 3
NARRANDO HISTORIAS

de las adolescentes en su horario normal, la encuesta mѲ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v1†-Ѳb|-ࢼˆ-v


1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-u;ˆ;Ѵ-t†;;mѴ-ru࢙1ঞ1-Ѵov1;m|uov;7†1-ঞ- se observa que los sueños y
ˆov‹Ѵ-vņѴovruo=;vou;vbm1b7;m‹;mo1-vbom;vo0Ѵb]-m-
aspiraciones más comunes para
t†;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v;l0-u-Œ-7-v1-l0b;m7;|-m7-v;v1oѴ--
el futuro son tener/conseguir
u;vo7;f;mѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-ĺ

mv;mঞ7o];m;u-ѴķѴ-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vfॕˆ;m;v
;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v-7lb|;t†;v†ˆb7-‹v†0b;m;v|-u1-l0bॕ una casa propia
completamente tras el embarazo adolescente, haciendo
u;=;u;m1b-ķ vo0u; |o7oķ - Ѵ- r࣐u7b7- 7; Ѵb0;u|-7;v r-u-
7bˆ;uঞuv;ķ -Ѵ _-0;u |;mb7o t†; 7;f-u Ѵov ;v|†7bovķ ‹ -
Ѵ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-7lou-Ѵ‹Cm-m1b;u-t†;u;ru;v;m|-Ѵ-
un buen trabajo
(Aunque eso implique irse lejos de
1ub-|†u-ĺ la zona donde actualmente viven),

- ru;v;m1b- 7; 7b=;u;m|;v ;vঞ]l-v ;m Ѵ- 1ol†mb7-7


y discriminaciones contra la adolescente embarazada
vom1ol†m;vĺ&m-vr;1|ou;ˆ;Ѵ-7ou;v1ॕlo-ѴoѴ-u]o
7;Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoķѴ-vfॕˆ;m;v;Šr;ubl;m|-m7bvঞm|-vu;-1-
terminar los estudios
y/o tener un negocio propio.
1bom;vrour-u|;7;v†;m|oumoĺ m-Ѵ]†mov1-vovķ_-‹
rechazo inicial, como puede ser a lo interno del hogar,
r;uoѴ†;]o7;t†;m-1;Ѵ-1ub-|†u-ķv;;ˆb7;m1b-l-‹ou
-ro‹o7;Ѵovr-7u;v‹;Ѵ;m|oumo=-lbѴb-uĺ

m |࣐ulbmov 7; ˆboѴ;m1b- 7; ]࣐m;uoķ Ѵ-v fॕˆ;m;v t†;


;Šru;v-uom v;uˆझ1ঞl-v 7;ˆboѴ;m1b- rou r-u|; 7;Ѵ r--
7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†v_bfoņ-vķl-mb=;v|-uom_-0;uv†=ub7o
ˆboѴ;m1b-ˆ;u0-Ѵ‹l-mbr†Ѵ-1bॕm;lo1bom-Ѵĺ mѴ-v;m|u;-
ˆbv|-v 1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-v v; o0v;uˆ- t†; Ѵov v†;ोov‹ -vrbu--
ciones más comunes para el futuro son tener una casa
ruorb-ķ1omv;]†bu†m0†;m|u-0-foŐ-†mt†;;voblrѴbt†;
buv;Ѵ;fov7;Ѵ-Œom-7om7;-1|†-Ѵl;m|;ˆbˆ;mőķ|;m;u†m
m;]o1bo ruorboķ ‹ |;ulbm-u Ѵov ;v|†7bovķ -†mt†; ;v|-v
u;vr†;v|-vˆ-uझ-m7;r;m7b;m7ovbv;|u-|-7;Ѵ-foˆ;mo
7;Ѵfoˆ;mĺ$o7-vѴ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;Šru;v-m1olol;|-
r-u-l;fou-uѴ-ˆb7-7;v†v_bfovņ-v;Ѵro7;uѴ;vruoˆ;;u
7;bm=oul-1bॕmorou|†m-‹7;1-Ѵb7-7vo0u;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ
‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ĺ

CAPÍTULO 3 117
߈$&Ɠ

߈$"࡛"
EXISTENTES PARA LA
PREVENCIÓN DEL
EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE
POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS EXISTENTES

Introducción b7;mঞC1-1bॕm 7; orou|†mb7-7;v 7; l;fou- ‹ mb1_ov 7;


=oul†Ѵ-1bॕm7;roѴझঞ1-rি0Ѵb1--=-ˆou7;Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ
EN LA ÚLTIMA DÉCADAķѴ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-_-vb7oruboubŒ-7-;m7bvঞm|ovbmv|u†-
l;m|ov7;rѴ-mbC1-1bॕmrি0Ѵb1--mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-Ѵķ-vझ1olo
Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mѴ-rѴ-Ŋ
en marcos legales91 t†; _-m v;uˆb7o r-u- ]-u-mঞŒ-u Ѵ-
mbC1-1bॕmrি0Ѵb1-7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-
ruo|;11bॕm 7; Ѵov 7;u;1_ov 7; Ѵ-v ‹ Ѵov -7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ
1olo1omv;1†;m1b-7;Ѵu;1omo1blb;m|o7;Ѵ-r࣐u7b7-7; ;v7;;Ѵ1olb;mŒo7;Ѵ-7࣐1-7-7;ѴƑƏƏƏķѴ-|;l࢙ঞ1-_-
1omv|u†11bॕm 7; 1-r-1b7-7;v t†; v†rom; ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo vb7orѴ-vl-7-;m7bvঞm|ovrѴ-m;vm-1bom-Ѵ;v‹v;1|oub--
;m ;v|- ;|-r-ĺ bvঞm|ov v;1|ou;v 7;Ѵ -11bom-u rি0Ѵb1oķ Ѵ;vķ7;Ѵovt†;v;r†;7;l;m1bom-uѴovѴ-m;v-1bom-Ѵ;v
1oloѴovom 7†1-1bॕm‹"-Ѵ†7ķ-7;l࢙v7;bmvঞ|†1bom;v 7; ]†-Ѵ7-7‹ t†b7-7 7; ࣐m;uo ƑƏƏƏŊƑƏƏƓ‹ ƑƏƏѵŊ
1olo;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7;Ѵ-†f;uķ7;Ѵ-†ˆ;m|†7ķ;Ѵomv;- ƑƏƐѵŐ őķ;ѴѴ-m ;1;m-Ѵ7;"-Ѵ†7‹ķ7;l-m;u-

fo-1bom-Ѵr-u-Ѵ-bो;Œ‹Ѵ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ŐőķѴ- ;vr;1झC1-ķľѴ-m-1bom-Ѵ7;u;ˆ;m1bॕm7; l0-u-Œo;m


(b1;ru;vb7;m1b-Ő7;v7;;Ѵ-0bm;|;7;oѴझঞ1-v"o1b-Ѵ;v 7oѴ;v1;m|;vƑƏƐƐŊƑƏƐѵĿŐѴ-mŊ őĺ
‹;Ѵuo]u-l-uo]u;v-m7o1om"oѴb7-ub7-7őķ;m|u;o|u-vķ m1†-m|o-ѴѴ-m-1bom-Ѵ7;]†-Ѵ7-7‹ t†b7-77;࣐-
_-m bm1ourou-7o ;m v†v rѴ-m;v -11bom;v bm|;]u-Ѵ;v t†; m;uoƑƏƏѵŊƑƏƐƕv;1om|;lrѴ-m7b=;u;m|;v7bl;mvbom;v
-rou|;m-Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹Ѵ- 7;-11bॕmr-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m;v|-;|-r-ķ
ruo|;11bॕm7;Ѵ-vl-7u;v;m;v|-;|-r-‹7;v†7;v1;m- -vझ1oloѴ-ruo|;11bॕm7;Ѵ-v;l0-u-Œ-7-v‹Ѵ-vl-7u;v
7;m1b-ĺ m;=;1|oķ;Ѵv;1|ourি0Ѵb1o_-7;vঞm-7oˆ-v|ov -7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m|࣐ulbmov7;v-Ѵ†7‹;7†1-1bॕmĺ ѴrѴ-m
u;1†uvovķ|-m|o;1omॕlb1ov1olo_†l-movķr-u-Ѵ-1om- 7;|-ѴѴ-Ѵझm;-v7;-11bॕm7bub]b7-v-1-r-1b|-u‹v;mvb0bѴbŒ-u
v;1†1bॕm7;Ѵovo0f;ঞˆov;v|-0Ѵ;1b7ov;m;v|-v࢙u;-v‹ķ -Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm-7oѴ;v1;m|;;m1†-m|o-Ѵ†vo7;-mঞ1om-
-vझķ7bvlbm†buѴ-bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-ĺ 1;rঞˆov‹-=ol;m|-u;Ѵ;lro7;u-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v
;m1†-m|o-v†v;Š†-Ѵb7-7‹u;ruo7†11bॕmĺouo|u-r-u|;ķ
m ;v|; 1-rझ|†Ѵo v; b7;mঞC1-m 7bvঞm|-v bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v
;m1†-m|o-Ѵ-ruo|;11bॕm7;Ѵ-v;l0-u-Œ-7-vķv;1om|;l-
;m1†uvot†;-0ou7-m;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķ-Ѵb]†-Ѵt†;-Ѵ]†m-v
rѴ-Ѵ-ľ-lrѴb-1bॕm7;Ѵ-Ѵ;‹ƒѵŊƏƒr-u-ruo_b0bu7;l-m;u-
0†;m-v ru࢙1ঞ1-vķ 1om ;Ѵ Cm 7; u;v1-|-u ;Ѵ;l;m|ov t†;
;ŠrѴझ1b|-‹1olruo0-0Ѵ;ķѴ-;Šr†Ѵvbॕm7;Ѵ-v;v1†;Ѵ-v7;
-rou|;m-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ-o1†uu;m1b-7;Ѵ;ˆ;m|o‹-
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;l0-u-Œ-7-vĿĸ -7;l࢙vķ v; bm1Ѵ†‹; Ѵ- v;m-
Ѵ- ruo|;11bॕm 7; Ѵ-v l-7u;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ ou Ѵo -m|;-
vb0bѴbŒ-1bॕm 7; ;v|- ro0Ѵ-1bॕm ;m 1†-m|o - Ѵov 1†b7-7ov
rior, en este apartado se describen los diferentes planes,
ru;ˆ;mঞˆov7;Ѵ-v1olrѴb1-1bom;v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķr-u|o‹
ruo]u-l-v‹ruo‹;1|ovb7;mঞC1-7ov-|u-ˆ࣐v7;1omv†Ѵ-
r†;ur;uboķ‹Ѵ--lrѴb-1bॕm7;v†-11;vo-ruo]u-l-v7;
|-v u;-ѴbŒ-7-v - bmvঞ|†1bom;v 7;Ѵ v;1|ou rি0Ѵb1o ‹ 7; Ѵ-
v-Ѵ†7r-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;;v|-v1olrѴb1-1bom;vĺ
vo1b;7-71bˆbѴķt†;_-mf†]-7o†mr-r;Ѵruo|-]ॕmb1o;m
Ѵ-;f;1†1bॕm7;Ѵovlbvlovĺ Ѵo0f;ঞˆo;v1omo1;u;Ѵ-Ѵ- ou v† r-u|;ķ ;m ;Ѵ  " ƑƏƏѵŊƑƏƐƔ v; ;Šru;v-
1-m1;ķѴ-1o0;u|†u-‹ruorॕvb|o7;;v|-v-11bom;vr-u-Ѵ- ;Ѵ 1olruolbvo 7;Ѵ v;1|ou v-Ѵ†7 7;Ѵ r-झv ;m u;7†1bu Ѵov

91
 ;‹ƐƒѵŊƏƒ7;Ѵॕ7b]or-u-Ѵ-uo|;11bॕm7;Ѵov ;u;1_ov7;Ѵovbोovķbो-v‹7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ;‹ƏƐŊƐƑ7;Ѵ- v|u-|;]b--1bom-Ѵ7; ;v-uuoѴѴoƑƏƒƏĺ

120 CAPÍTULO 4
PARA LA PREVENCIÓN DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Recuadro 15
INVERSIÓN PÚBLICA EN EL PLAN NACIONAL DE PREVENCIÓN DEL EMBARAZO
  " $ "ҐƑƏƐƐ҃ƑƏƐѵґ

ѴѴ-m-1bom-Ѵ7;u;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ l0-u-- Ɣĺ ;v-uuoѴѴo 7; vbv|;l-v 7; bm=oul-1bॕm ‹


Œo;m7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐѴ-m ő=†;;Ѵ-0ou-- ;v|-7झvঞ1-v vo0u; v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ ‹ u;ruo-
7o;mƑƏƐƏ1om;Ѵruorॕvb|o7;-0ou7-u;Ѵ 7†1ঞˆ-7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ
|;l-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ7;v7; ѵĺ ol;m|o 7; Ѵ- r-uঞ1br-1bॕm ‹ ou]-mbŒ--
Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕmķ‹7-uu;vr†;v|--Ѵ-vou]-mbŒ-- 1bॕm7;ѴovņѴ-vfॕˆ;m;vĺ
ciones sociales que demandaban el diseño
ƕĺ ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m|o7;Ѵ-v-Ѵb-mŒ-v;v|u-|࣐]b-
7;†m-roѴझঞ1-rি0Ѵb1-bm|;]u-Ѵr-u-;ŠrѴou-u
1-v‹Ѵ-1oѴ-0ou-1bॕmbm|;uv;1|oub-Ѵĺ
;v-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-ĺ oul-Ѵl;m|;ķ;ѴrѴ-mbmb-
1bॕ;ѴƑƕ7;f†mbo7;ƑƏƐƒ1omѴ-Cul-7; ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov 7;Ѵ Ѵ-m   =†;uom 7b=†-
†m -1|- 7; 1olruolbvo r-u- Ѵ- -vb]m-1bॕm vovĺ &m- ;ˆ-Ѵ†-1bॕm ruo]u-l࢙ঞ1- 7; Ѵ-v
ru;v†r†;v|-ub- -m†-Ѵ 7;vঞm-7- -Ѵ rѴ-m rou roѴझঞ1-v blrѴ;l;m|-7-v ;m ;Ѵ l-u1o 7;Ѵ
parte del Ministerio de la Mujer, el Minis- rѴ-mķ u;-ѴbŒ-7- rou Ѵ- ou]-mbŒ-1bॕm Ѵ-m
terio de la Juventud, el Ministerio de Salud m|;um-ঞom-Ѵķ ;vঞlॕ t†; Ѵ- l;7b- 7; Ѵov
ি0Ѵb1-ķ;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmķ;Ѵom- -ˆ-m1;v ;m l-|;ub- ruo]u-l࢙ঞ1- rou bmv-
v;fo-1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵ-bो;Œ‹Ѵ-7oѴ;v1;m1b- ঞ|†1bॕm;ˆb7;m1bॕ†m0-fo]u-7o7;1o_;-
! ࡛ 
‹ ;Ѵ omv;fo -1bom-Ѵ r-u- ;Ѵ( ‹ " ĺ u;m1b-ruo]u-l࢙ঞ1-ĺouo|uoѴ-7oķr;v;-Ѵ PRESENTA UNA DE LAS
&Ѵ|;uboul;m|;ķѴ-u;vb7;m1b-7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb- -ˆ-m1; t†; v†r†vo Ѵ- -uঞ1†Ѵ-1bॕm 7; †m-
roѴझঞ1- 7; v|-7o ;m |oumo - Ѵ- ruo0Ѵ;-
TASAS DE FECUNDIDAD
1-7;1u;|ॕѴ-1u;-1bॕm7;Ѵ-olbvbॕmm|;-

+ ALTA
ubmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ r-u- Ѵ- 1oou7bm-1bॕm 7;Ѵ Ѵ-m l࢙ঞ1-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ‹-Ѵ
 ķ bm|;]u-7- rou Ѵ-v ;mঞ7-7;v Cul-m|;v progreso observado en la calidad del gasto
‹- v;ो-Ѵ-7-v l࢙v Ѵ- (b1;ru;vb7;m1b- 7; Ѵ- vo1b-ѴķѴ-v1b=u-vl†;v|u-m†mr-mou-l-7;
!;rি0Ѵb1-ķ ;Ѵ bmbv|;ubo 7; 1omolझ-ķ Ѵ-- ;v|-m1-lb;m|ot†;7;0;blr†Ѵv-uѴ-u;=ou-
mbC1-1bॕm‹ ;v-uuoѴѴo‹7ovou]-mbŒ-1bom;v l†Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-u;vr†;v|-m-1bom-Ѵ-Ѵ=;mॕ-
mo]†0;um-l;m|-Ѵ;vĺ l;mo7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĹ
DE AMÉRICA LATINA
ѴѴ-m -uঞ1†Ѵॕvb;|;Ѵझm;-v;v|u-|࣐]b1-v Ŋ !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ru;v;m|-;mѴ--1-
7bub]b7-v-Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵov;l0-u-Œov;m |†-Ѵb7-7†m-7;Ѵ-v|-v-v7;=;1†m7b7-7;m
2 -7oѴ;v1;m|;vl࢙v-Ѵ|-v7;l࣐ub1--ঞm-
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;m Ѵ- !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m- ,
-11bom;vbml;7b-|-vĺ ѴƑƓѷ7;Ѵ-vr-u;f-v7;
-v-0;uĹ Ő&mb1;=ő3ĺ ;_;1_oķѴ-|-v-7;=;1†m7b7-7
l†f;u;v fॕˆ;m;v -1|†-Ѵl;m|; †mb7-v o 1-v--
;m -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;m|u; ƐƔ ‹ ƐƖ -ोov 7;
Ɛĺ ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m|o7;Ѵl-u1oѴ;]-Ѵ‹7;roѴझ- das las supera en edad con 10 años o más6ĺ
!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-v†r;uॕ;ml࢙v7;
ঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-v;ml-|;ub-7;7;v-uuoѴѴo7;
ƔƑѷ ;Ѵ ruol;7bo 7;l࣐ub1- -ঞm-‹ ;Ѵ Ŋ Ѵ ƓƏѷ 7; Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;m|u; ƐƔ ‹ ƐƖ
-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ
-ub0;‹;vˆbu|†-Ѵl;m|;b7࣐mঞ1--Ѵ-|-v- -ोov _- ;Šr;ubl;m|-7o ˆboѴ;m1b- ࣱvb1-ķ v;-
Ƒĺuolo1bॕm7;Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵ‹7;Ѵov u;]bv|u-7- rou ;Ѵ ‫=ܬ‬ub1- "†0v-_-ub-m- ;m xual o emocional a manos de su pareja o ex-
7;u;1_ovu;ruo7†1ঞˆovĺ ƑƏƐƔĺ4 pareja7ĺ
ƒĺlrѴb-1bॕm 7; Ѵ- 1o0;u|†u- 7; v;uˆb1bov Ŋ ѴƑƑѷ7;Ѵ-v-|;m1bom;vrou-0ou|ov1o- Ŋ - ;7†1-1bॕm v;Š†-Ѵ bm|;]u-Ѵ 0-v-7- ;m 1ub-
de salud amigables y de calidad para ado- uu;vrom7bॕ--7oѴ;v1;m|;vŐ  "Ŋbmbv|;- |;ubov1b;mঠC1ov‹=†m7-l;m|-7-;mѴ-ruo-
Ѵ;v1;m|;vĺ ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ķƑƏƐƕő5ĺ |;11bॕm7;Ѵov7;u;1_ov7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vfॕ-
Ɠĺuolo1bॕm 7;Ѵ ;lro7;u-lb;m|o 7; Ѵ-v venes sigue siendo una tarea pendiente del
Ŋ Ѵ l-|ublombo bm=-mঞѴ ;v †m |;l- r;m-
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹l†f;u;vfॕˆ;m;vĺ vbv|;l-;7†1-ঞˆo7olbmb1-moĺ
diente de la agenda nacional que requiere

CAPÍTULO 4 121
POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS EXISTENTES

!;1†-7uoƐƔŐom|bm†-1bॕmő
INVERSIÓN PÚBLICA EN EL PLAN NACIONAL DE PREVENCIÓN DEL EMBARAZO EN
  " $ "ҐƑƏƐƐ҃ƑƏƐѵґ

Ŋ Ѵ vbv|;l- 7; v-Ѵ†7 bmˆb;u|; ƒƒ ˆ;1;v |;ubo 7; 7†1-1bॕmĺ  Ѵ u;v|-m|; Ɛƒѷ =†; Ő  ! "ő o=u;1; -Ѵ rি0Ѵb1o ;m ];m;u-Ѵ
l࢙v;mѴ--|;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ- 1olr-uঞ7orouѴovbmbv|;ubov7;Ѵ-†- †m-1;uˆo7;bm=oul-1bom;v_bv|ॕub1-v7;
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-t†;;mv†ru;ˆ;m1bॕm8ĺ f;u ‹ Ѵ-†ˆ;m|†7ķ ;Ѵ omv;fo 7; Ѵ- bो;Œ Ѵ-=oul†Ѵ-1bॕm‹;f;1†1bॕmru;v†r†;v|-ub-
‹ Ѵ- 7oѴ;v1;m1b- ‹ ;Ѵ omv;fo -1bom-Ѵ ;mlিѴঞrѴ;v1-|;]ouझ-vķo0|;m;ubm=oul--
Ŋ ";]িm1b=u-v7;Ѵ-m1o†m7b-ѴķѴ-|-v-
r-u-;Ѵ(Ŋ" ĺ 1bom;v ;vr;1झC1-v 7; rѴ-m;v bm|;ubmvঞ|†-
7;lou|-Ѵb7-7bm=-mঞѴ7olbmb1-m-v†r;-
1bom-Ѵ;vķ1olo;v;Ѵ1-vo7;ѴѴ-m ķ;v
uॕ;ml࢙v7;†mƕƏѷѴ-|-v-ruol;7bo
†-mঞC1-u Ѵ- bmˆ;uvbॕm 7;Ѵ v|-7o ;m Ѵ-
†m-|-u;-7bࣱ1bѴ7;0b7o-Ѵ-=u-]l;m|-1bॕm
7;l࣐ub1--ঞm-;mƑƏƐƔĸ|-l0b࣐mv;-
blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm7;ѴѴ-m ķ|u-;-Ѵ-Ѵ†Œ
7;v†v=om7ov;m|u;lিѴঞrѴ;vbmv|-m1b-v‹
ñala que la tasa de mortalidad materna
Ѵov o0v|࢙1†Ѵov t†; ;m=u;m|- ;Ѵ bmˆ;vঞ]--
-Ѵ-m-|†u-Ѵ;Œ--lou=-;ml-|;ub-7;1Ѵ-vb-
7;Ѵr-झv;m;Ѵlbvlor;uझo7ov†r;uॕѴ-
7ou-Ѵlol;m|o7;-11;7;u-bm=oul-1bo-
9 C1-1bॕmru;v†r†;v|-ub-t†;v;o0v;uˆ-;m
l;7b-u;]bom-Ѵ;ml࢙v7;†mƒƕѷ ĺ
m;vru;v†r†;v|-ub-v7;v-]u;]-7-vĺr;v-u
;v|-झm7oѴ;7;rѴ-m;vm-1bom-Ѵ;vĺ&m-|--
mѴot†;u;vr;1|--Ѵ-7bv|ub0†1bॕm7;Ѵov 7;t†;;ѴѴ-m u;rou|ॕ†m-;f;1†1bॕm
rea pendiente del Estado es crear nuevos
lom|ov;f;1†|-7ovrou;ѴѴ-m ;m;Ѵ ru;v†r†;v|-ub- v†r;ubou - ! ŪƓƏƏ lbѴѴo-
l;1-mbvlov7;|u-mvr-u;m1b-‹u;m7b1bॕm
r;uझo7oƑƏƐƐŊƑƏƐѵķ;Ѵl-‹our;vou;1-‹ॕ m;v;m;Ѵr;ubo7oƑƏƐƐŊƑƏƐѵķl†‹ro1ov
de cuentas que permitan a la sociedad dar
vo0u; Ѵ- (b1;ru;vb7;m1b- 7; Ѵ- !;rি0Ѵb1- 7; Ѵov u;rou|;v t†; v†v|;m|-m ;v- 1b=u-
seguimiento a los planes y programas in-
1om†mƓƖĺƔѷ7;Ѵlom|o|o|-Ѵ;f;1†|-7oķ r;ulb|;m-m-ѴbŒ-u;m7;|-ѴѴ;Ѵovu†0uov1o-
|;ubmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ;v;m;f;1†1bॕmĺ
v;]†b7orou†mƑƒĺѵѷ1ouu;vrom7b;m|;-Ѵ rrespondientes a ese gasto10ĺ †m 1†-m-
bmbv|;ubo 7; "-Ѵ†7ķ‹ †m ƐƓѷ 7;Ѵ bmbv- 7o Ѵ- bu;11bॕm ;m;u-Ѵ 7; u;v†r†;v|ov

1
 Ѵ-mm|;um-ঞom-ѴĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺ!;rou|;bो-v l0-u-Œ-7-vĹ ;v-ࣱov7;Ѵ-!;vr†;v|--1bom-Ѵ7;u;ˆ;m1bॕm7; l0-u-Œov;mѴ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ"-m|o olbm]oĺ
2
 0b7;lĺ
3
 -ubm-vķm7b-m-ĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺ ;v-ࣱov7;ѴѴ-m-1bom-ѴƑƏƐƐŊƑƏƐѵŐѴ-m őĺ
4
 -m1o†m7b-ѴĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺ)ouѴ7 ;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|m7b1-|ouvŐ7-|ov7bvromb0Ѵ;v-ƑƏƐƔőĺ
5
 -ubm-vķm7b-m-ŐƑƏƐƕőĺ ;v-ࣱov7;ѴѴ-m-1bom-ѴƑƏƐƐŊƑƏƐѵŐѴ-m őĺ
6
 0b7;lĺ
7
 0b7;lĺ
8
 0b7;lĺ
9
 -m1o†m7b-ѴĺŐƑƏƐƕőĹ)ouѴ7 ;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|m7b1-|ouvŐ7-|ov7bvromb0Ѵ;v-ƑƏƐƔőĺ
10
 Ѵ-mm|;um-ঞom-ѴĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺ!;rou|;bो-v l0-u-Œ-7-vĹ ;v-ࣱov7;Ѵ-!;vr†;v|--1bom-Ѵ7;u;ˆ;m1bॕm7; l0-u-Œov;mѴ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ"-m|o olbm]oĺ

embarazos en adolescentes, principalmente en las más t†; ruorou1bom-m Ѵov 1ub|;ubov |࣐1mb1ovŊ-7lbmbv|u-ঞˆov
ro0u;v‹7;l;moumbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆoĺ ;_;1_oķ;mѴ--1- 7;Ѵ--|;m1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ-Ѵ-v-Ѵ†77;Ѵovņ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ
|†-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vmoul-vm-1bom-Ѵ;vr-u-Ѵ--|;m1bॕmbm- v;rѴ-vl-mbm|;uˆ;m1bom;vt†;ˆ-m7;v7;Ѵ-ruolo1bॕm
|;]u-Ѵ7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;v7;ѴƑƏƐƏ7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ķ ‹ruo|;11bॕm7;Ѵov7;u;1_ovv;Š†-Ѵ;v‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆov‹

122 CAPÍTULO 4
PARA LA PREVENCIÓN DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

7;Ѵovv;uˆb1bov;Šbv|;m|;v;m;v|;|;l-ķ_-v|-Ѵ--|;m- ruo|;11bॕm7;Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7Ő-uঠ1†ѴoƒƏő‹;Ѵ7;u;1_o-
1bॕm vbm 7bv1ublbm-1bॕm mb ;vঞ]l- 7; Ѵ-v ;l0-u-Œ-7-v Ѵ-bm=oul-1bॕm;ml-|;ub-7;v-Ѵ†7Ő-uঠ1†ѴoƑƖőķ;Ѵ1ॕ7b]o
-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ|uobmv|u†l;m|o7;;v|;bmbv|;ubo;v;Ѵ ;v|-0Ѵ;1;t†;Ĺ
Ѵ-m v|u-|࣐]b1o-1bom-Ѵr-u-Ѵ-"-Ѵ†7m|;]u-Ѵ7;7o-
Ŋ ľ Ѵ v|-7o-v;]†u-u࢙ruo]u-l-v7;-|;m1bॕm7bub]b7ov
Ѵ;v1;m|;v Ő "ķ ƑƏƐƏŊƑƏƐƔőķ t†; 0†v1- ľ1om|ub0†bu
;vr;1झC1-l;m|;-Ѵ-oub;m|-1bॕm‹ruo|;11bॕm7;Ѵˆझm-
1om;Ѵl;fou-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-v-Ѵ†77;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm-7oѴ;v-
1†Ѵo l-|;umoŊCѴb-Ѵ 7; |o7-v Ѵ-v mbो-v‹ -7oѴ;v1;m|;v
cente mediante el desarrollo y fortalecimiento de la res-
;l0-u-Œ-7-vol-7u;ĸ
r†;v|-bm|;]u-7-7;Ѵv;1|ouv-Ѵ†7‹Ѵ-blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm7;
ruo]u-l-v;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v7;ruolo1bॕmķru;ˆ;m1bॕm‹ Ŋ Ѵ v|-7o=ou|-Ѵ;1;u࢙Ѵovruo]u-l-v7;-|;m1bॕm7b-
1†b7-7o7;Ѵ-v-Ѵ†77;-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĿĺ ub]b7ov - Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ‹ Ѵov _ol0u;v ;m Ѵ- ;7-7 7;
ruo1u;-1bॕmķ-Cm7;t†;|ol;m1om1b;m1b-7;Ѵ-rѴ--
m ;Ѵ l-u1o 7;Ѵ  ķ 7; Ѵov 0f;ঞˆov 7; ;v--
mbC1-1bॕm=-lbѴb-u‹7;Ѵ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-7l-|;um-‹
uuoѴѴo 7;Ѵ bѴ;mbo Ő őķ 7;Ѵ Ѵ-m ;1;m-Ѵ 7; "-Ѵ†7
r-|;um-l;7b-m|;1-lr-ो-v7;;7†1-1bॕm‹7bˆ†Ѵ]--
Ő "ő ‹ 7;Ѵ Ѵ-m v|u-|࣐]b1o -1bom-Ѵ r-u- Ѵ-
1bॕmĿĺŐu|ĺƒƏő
"-Ѵ†7m|;]u-Ѵ7;7oѴ;v1;m|;vƑƏƐƏŊƑƏƐƔķv;1u;-;Ѵ
olb|࣐ $࣐1mb1o m|;ubmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ r-u- Ѵ- u;ˆ;m1bॕm Ŋ ľ$o7ov Ѵov mbोovķ mbो-v ‹ -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ঞ;m;m 7;-
7;Ѵ l0-u-Œo;mѴ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ v|;l;1-mbvlo7; recho a ser informados y educados sobre los prin-
1oou7bm-1bॕm |†ˆo 1olo u;v†Ѵ|-7o Ѵ- =oul†Ѵ-1bॕm 7;Ѵ 1brbov 0࢙vb1ov 7; ru;ˆ;m1bॕm ;m l-|;ub- 7; v-Ѵ†7ķ
Ѵ-m-1bom-Ѵ7;u;ˆ;m1bॕm7; l0-u-Œo;m7oѴ;v- m†|ub1bॕmķ ;vঞl†Ѵ-1bॕm |;lru-m-ķ 7;v-uuoѴѴo ࣱvb1oķ
1;m|;vƑƏƐƐŊƑƏƐѵķ;Ѵ1†-Ѵ_-ˆ;mb7ovb;m7oѴ-vol0ub- v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ ‹ u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ _b]b;m;ķ v-m;-lb;m|o
ѴѴ-7;Ѵ-l-‹our-u|;7;Ѵ-vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;v=oul†Ѵ-7-v -l0b;m|-Ѵ‹-11b7;m|;vĺvblbvloķ|-m|o;ѴѴov1olo
7;v7;;Ѵo0b;umoĺ Ѵbmbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmrouv† v†v =-lbѴb-u;v bml;7b-|ovķ ঞ;m;m ;Ѵ 7;u;1_o - v;u
r-u|; _- ;f;1†|-7o 7b=;u;m|;v ruo]u-l-v ‹ ruo‹;1|ov bm=oul-7ovķ 7; =oul- ˆ;u-Œ ‹ orou|†m-ķ vo0u; v†
r-u-1om|ub0†bu1omѴ-;7†1-1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ;mv;Š†-Ѵb7-7 ;v|-7o 7; v-Ѵ†7ķ 7; -1†;u7o - v† ;|-r-‹ mbˆ;Ѵ 7;
7; mbोovķ mbो-v‹ -7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ 7;v7; †m ;m=ot†; 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴoĿĺŐu|ĺƑƖő
]࣐m;uoķoub;m|-1bॕm‹rvb1oѴo]झ-ĺ
& u;1olb;m7-ķ-mbˆ;Ѵu;]bom-Ѵķt†;Ѵ-;7-7lझmbl-
m1†-m|o-l-u1ovѴ;]-Ѵ;vķ;m;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƏƒv;ruol†Ѵ]- -0voѴ†|-r-u-1om|u-;ul-|ublombov;-ƐѶ-ोov‹ķ;m|o7o
Ѵ-;‹ƐƒѵŊƏƒt†;;v|-0Ѵ;1;;Ѵľॕ7b]or-u-;Ѵ"bv|;l- 1-voķmov;-m†m1-bm=;ubou-Ѵ-;7-77;1omv;mঞlb;m|o92,
7;uo|;11bॕm‹Ѵov ;u;1_ov †m7-l;m|-Ѵ;v7;bोovķ 7;v|-1-m7or-u-;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-t†;
bो-v‹7oѴ;v1;m|;vĿķ;Ѵ1†-Ѵr;uvb]†;ˆ;Ѵ-urou;ѴrѴ;- Ѵ-;7-7lझmbl-r-u-;Ѵ1omv;mঞlb;m|ov;Š†-Ѵ;v7;ƐѶ
mo;f;u1b1bo7;Ѵov7;u;1_ov=†m7-l;m|-Ѵ;v7;|o7ovѴov -ोovķr;uoѴ-vmbो-vr†;7;m1-v-uv;7;v7;ѴovƐƔ-ोov
l;mou;v7;;7-77;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺ"o0u;Ѵ- 1omѴ-v-†|oubŒ-1bom;vr;uঞm;m|;v93ĺ

92
 & ĺŐƑƏƐѵőĺľ-v;7-7;vlझmbl-vѴ;]-Ѵ;v‹Ѵ-u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵov7;u;1_ov7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĹ&m-u;ˆbvbॕm7;Ѵ-vb|†-1bॕm;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ŀĺ
om7o7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-v-u-Ѵ-m=-m1b-ĺ-m-l࢙ĺ
93
 m1omf†m|o1omo|u-vou]-mbŒ-1bom;vķ& ;v|࢙ruoromb;m7o-Ѵom]u;vo-1bom-Ѵt†;;v|-0Ѵ;Œ1-†m-;7-7lझmbl--0voѴ†|-7;ƐѶ-ोovr-u-1-v-uv;‹
|;ulbm;1omѴ-=-1†Ѵ|-77;Ѵovr-7u;v7;-†|oubŒ-u;Ѵl-|ublombo7;l;mou;v7;ƐƔॕƐѵ‹1omѴ-=-1†Ѵ|-77;Ѵf†;Œ7;o|ou]-u7bvr;mv-vr-u-;Ѵl-|ublombo7;
mbो-v7;l;mov7;ƐƔombोov7;l;mov7;Ɛѵ-ोovĺ

CAPÍTULO 4 123
POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS EXISTENTES

ouo|uoѴ-7oķ;m;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐƑķv;ruol†Ѵ]-Ѵ-ľ v|u-|;- bmvঞ|†1bom;v7;Ѵo0b;umo7olbmb1-mo‹7;Ѵ-vo1b;7-7


]b- -1bom-Ѵ 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo 7; Ѵ- !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m- 1bˆbѴķѴѴ-l-7-v-1†lrѴbu;ѴѴ-m7;u;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ l0--
_-1b-;ѴƑƏƒƏĿŐ;‹oĺƏƐŊƐƑőķl-u1o];m;u-Ѵ7;Ѵ-rѴ-- u-Œo;mѴ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ‹ņo-0ubm7-uruo|;11bॕmvo1b-Ѵ-
mbC1-1bॕm -1|†-Ѵ 7;Ѵ ";1|ou ি0Ѵb1o olbmb1-moķ ;m Ѵ- Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm7olbmb1-m-ķ;Ѵ& 1om=oulॕ†m-;v-
t†;v;ˆ;u;Y;f-7o;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-1olo 7; bv1†vbॕm7;!;v†Ѵ|-7ovķ;m;Ѵl-u1o7;Ѵ-u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕm
ruboub7-7m-1bom-Ѵĺ m7b1_-;v|u-|;]b-ķѴ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ 7; ;v|; bm=oul;ĺ v|- l;v- ;v|†ˆo 1om=oul-7-ķ ;m v†
;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹;Ѵ-11;vo-v;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7bm- l-‹ouझ-ķrouѴ-vbmvঞ|†1bom;v94t†;1om=oul-m;Ѵolb|࣐
|;]u-Ѵķv;bm1Ѵ†‹;m7;m|uo7;Ѵo0f;ঞˆo];m;u-ѴƑĺƐľ"-Ѵ†7 $࣐1mb1om|;ubmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵr-u-Ѵ-u;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ l0-u--
‹";]†ub7-7"o1b-Ѵbm|;]u-ѴĿĺ Œo;mѴ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ

Igualmente, para fomentar el desarrollo de capacidades om ;Ѵ o0f;ঞˆo 7; 1omo1;u ;Ѵ -Ѵ1-m1;ķ Ѵ- 1o0;u|†u- ‹
7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;l0-u-Œ-7-v;m;Ѵo0f;ঞˆo];m;u-Ѵ ruorॕvb|o 7; Ѵ-v -11bom;v blrѴ;l;m|-7-v t†; r†7b;u-m
Ƒĺƒ ľ]†-Ѵ7-7 7; 7;u;1_ov‹ orou|†mb7-7;vĿ ;vr;1झC1-- blr-1|-u;mѴ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;ˆ;m|oķv;voѴb1b|ॕ-;v|-v
l;m|;;mv†Ѵझm;-7;-11bॕmƑĺƒĺƓĺƐƐv;;v|-0Ѵ;1;ľ-- bmvঞ|†1bom;v ;Ѵ ѴѴ;m-7o 7; †m =oul†Ѵ-uboķ ;m ;Ѵ t†; v;
u-mঞŒ-uѴ-r;ul-m;m1b-7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;l0-u-Œ-7-v bm1Ѵ†‹;uom Ѵ-v bm=oul-1bom;v 0࢙vb1-v 7; 1-7- bm|;uˆ;m-
;mѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-;mv†_ou-ubomoul-Ѵķˆ;Ѵ-m7ot†;moblrѴb- 1bॕmĺ7;l࢙vķv;u;-ѴbŒॕ†m-;ŠrѴou-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vl;loub-v
t†;†mub;v]o-7b1bom-Ѵr-u-v†v-Ѵ†7bm|;]u-Ѵ‹=ol;m|-u bmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ;v‹7;o|u-v=†;m|;v7;bm=oul-1bॕmՈ;uѴ-
t†;Ѵ-r-u;f--v†l-Ѵ-vu;vromv-0bѴb7-7;vr-u;m|-Ѵ;vt†; l-|ubŒ7;vbv|;l-ঞŒ-1bॕmőĺ
Ѵ;1ouu;vrom7;mĿĺ
-l-|ubŒ7;vbv|;l-ঞŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-o=;u|-7;v;uˆb1bovbm-
|;]u-Ѵ;vr-u-Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
oѴझঞ1-v-1|†-Ѵ;vt†;1om|ub0†‹;m-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm
l†;v|u-†m|o|-Ѵ7;Ɛƒruo]u-l-v;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;vt†;
7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-
1om|ub0†‹;m-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm‹-|;m1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ7;Ѵ;l-
-o=;u|-rি0Ѵb1-oub;m|-7--Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo 0-u-Œo‹;Ѵrov|r-u|oĺ v|-vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;v7;v-uuoѴѴ-m
y la maternidad adolescente, ha abarcado la implemen- v;mvb0bѴbŒ-1bॕmņ1-r-1b|-1bॕm;mv-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞ-
|-1bॕm 7; ruo‹;1|ovķ ruo]u-l-vķ 1-lr-ो-vķ ;m|u; o|u-v ˆ-ķvo0u;Ѵovub;v]ov7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo|;lru-moķѴ-ru;ˆ;m-
bm|;uˆ;m1bom;vķѴ-v1†-Ѵ;vv;_-m0-v-7o;vr;1b-Ѵl;m|; 1bॕm7;;m=;ul;7-7;v7;|u-mvlbvbॕmv;Š†-Ѵķ(ķ1olo
;mѴ-ruolo1bॕm7;Ѵ-11;vo-Ѵovv;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7v;- ru;ˆ;mbu 1om7†1|-v 7; ub;v]o‹ ˆboѴ;m1b-ķ r-u- Ѵ-v‹ Ѵov
Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-Ő""!őĺ]†-Ѵl;m|;ķv;_-m1;m|u-7o;m -7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹v†v=-lbѴb-vĺ
ruoloˆ;u;Ѵ-11;vo-Ѵ-bm=oul-1bॕm‹;7†1-1bॕmvo0u;Ѵ-
mѴovিѴঞlovƔ-ोovķv;_-mblrѴ;l;m|-7o7bvঞm|-v;v-
u;ruo7†11bॕm‹Ѵ-v;Š†-Ѵb7-7;m_o]-u;vķ1ol†mb7-7;v‹
|u-|;]b-v1om=†;u|;1om1;m|u-1bॕm;mru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵrub-
1;m|uov;7†1-ঞˆovĺ
l;u;l0-u-Œoov†0vb]†b;m|;vķ‹7;v;uˆb1bov7;-|;m1bॕm
-u-b7;mঞC1-uѴ-v-11bom;vblrѴ;l;m|-7-vrou7bvঞm|-v rov|Ŋr-u|oĺ ;-1†;u7o-Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;Ѵov7-|ovu;1orbѴ--

94
 v|-;v-;v|†ˆo1om=oul-7-rou;Ѵuo]u-l--1bom-Ѵ"-Ѵ†7m|;]u-Ѵ7oѴ;v1;m|;vŊ!"ķ bˆbvbॕm7;"-Ѵ†7-|;umoķm=-mঞѴ‹7oѴ;v1;m|;vķbmv|-m1b-v
7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ি0Ѵb1-ķ-7;l࢙vr-uঞ1br-uom;Ѵomv;fo-1bom-Ѵr-u-Ѵ-bो;Œ‹Ѵ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-Őőķ(" ķ;Ѵ-0bm;|;7;oou7bm-1bॕm
7;oѴझঞ1-v"o1b-Ѵ;v-|u-ˆ࣐v7;!"ķbmbv|;ubo7;Ѵ-†f;uķ7;Ѵ-m|;ॕˆ;m;v7;Ѵ-m|;‹;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmĺ

124 CAPÍTULO 4
PARA LA PREVENCIÓN DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

7ovķmov;b7;mঞC1-1om|ub0†1bॕm-Ѵ--vbv|;m1b-vo1b-Ѵ7b- |-m7o;Ѵuo]u-l--1bom-Ѵ7;"-Ѵ†7m|;]u-Ѵ7;Ѵov7o-
u;1|--Ѵ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vr-u-lbঞ]-uѴovblr-1|ov Ѵ;v1;m|;vŐ!"őĺ Ѵuo]u-l-ঞ;m;1oloo0f;ঞˆo
;1omॕlb1ov;Šrov|;v|;;ˆ;m|oĺ m|u;;v|-v;v|u-|;]b-v ruorou1bom-u Ѵov 1ub|;ubov |࣐1mb1ovŊ-7lbmbv|u-ঞˆov ];m;-
;mblrѴ;l;m|-1bॕmķˆ-Ѵ;7;v|-1-u-Ѵ]†mov1olrom;m|;v rales y los lineamientos básicos para orientar el desarrollo
bmmoˆ-7ou;vķ1oloѴ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;Ѵb7;u-Œ]o7;Ѵov‹ 7;Ѵ-o=;u|-7;-|;m1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ-Ѵ-v-Ѵ†77;Ѵov-7oѴ;v-
Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;vr-u-Ѵ-1-r-1b|-1bॕm;m|u;r-u;vķ‹Ѵ-1omv|u†1- 1;m|;vĺ";;m=o1-;mѴ-v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-;mѴ-v
1bॕm7;u;7;v1ol†mb|-ub-vķ-11bom;vt†;r†;7;m7-u†m- ࢙u;-v 7; ruolo1bॕm 7; Ѵ- v-Ѵ†7ķ ru;ˆ;m1bॕmķ -|;m1bॕm‹
l-‹ouvov|;mb0bѴb7-7-Ѵovruo1;vovĺ u;_-0bѴb|-1bॕmķ1oou7bm-7o7;v7;;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ1;m|u-Ѵ‹1omѴ-
blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm-mbˆ;Ѵ|;uub|oub-Ѵ;mƕovrb|-Ѵ;v7;Ѵr-झvĺ
"bm7bvঞm1bॕm7;Ѵ-v;v|u-|;]b-vķ;m;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐѵѴ-v‹Ѵov
-7oѴ;v1;m|;vt†;_-mu;1b0b7o;v|ovv;uˆb1bov-Ѵ1-mŒ-mѴ-  |u-ˆ࣐v 7; ;v|; ruo]u-l- 7; -Ѵ1-m1; m-1bom-Ѵķ v; _-m
1b=u-7;ѶƑƏķƕƒƖĺ v|;ˆ-Ѵoumobm1Ѵ†‹;Ѵovv;uˆb1bov;Šbv- 7;v-uuoѴѴ-7oruo|o1oѴov7;1omv;f;uझ-‹-v;vouझ-;mrѴ--
|;m|;v ;m Ѵov 1;m|uov 7; rubl;u‹ v;]†m7o mbˆ;Ѵ r-u- Ѵ- mbC1-1bॕm-mঞ1om1;rঞˆ-r-u-Ѵ-vr;uvom-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ
ruoˆbvbॕm7;-mঞ1om1;rঞˆov‹1omv;f;uझ-;m;Ѵr†;ur;uboĺ -vझ1olor-u-Ѵ--|;m1bॕm-Ѵ;l0-u-Œoķr-u|o‹r†;ur;-
ubo ;m l;mou;v 7; ƐƔ -ोovĸ v; _-m u;-ѴbŒ-7o 1-r-1b|--
(-Ѵ; u;v-Ѵ|-u t†; ;v|-v bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v _-m bm1ourou-7o
1bom;v;mv-Ѵ†7bm|;]u-Ѵ7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;v-ruoˆ;;7ou;v
-;v|-v1-r-1b|-1bom;v--7oѴ;v1;m|;v_ol0u;vķ-†mt†;
7;v-Ѵ†7Őr;uvom-Ѵl࣐7b1oķ7;;m=;ul;uझ-‹rvb1oѴo]झ-ő‹
v;ˆ;ubC1-l;mour-uঞ1br-1bॕmt†;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vl†-
- -7oѴ;v1;m|;v l†ѴঞrѴb1-7ou;vĸ‹ v; _-m blrѴ;l;m|-7o
f;u;vķu;ru;v;m|-m7o;ѴƒƓѷ7;Ѵ|o|-Ѵ7;1-r-1b|-7ovņ-vĺ
;v|u-|;]b-v 7; m=oul-1bॕmķ 7†1-1bॕm ‹ ol†mb1-1bॕm
v|; _;1_o v; b7;mঞC1- 1olo 0u;1_- 7; orou|†mb7-7
Ő őķ1olo;v;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ--lr-ो-ľ$িo$-¬-¬ voĿ
r-u-rѴ-m|;-uvoѴ†1bom;v;=;1ঞˆ-v-;v|;=;mॕl;moĺ
Őb7;-7-‹ruoloˆb7-rou& őķ1om;Ѵo0f;ঞˆo7;u;-
Finalmente, se resalta la importancia de contar con infor- 7†1buѴ-v1b=u-v7;;l0-u-Œov;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m;Ѵr-झv-
l-1bॕmvbv|;l-ঞŒ-7-ķ-1|†-ѴbŒ-7-‹7bvromb0Ѵ;;m;Ѵr-झvķ |u-ˆ࣐v7;bm=oul-1bॕmˆ;u-Œķ1Ѵ-u-ķ1b;mঠC1-ķ‹orou|†m-ĸ
t†; r;ulb|- u;-ѴbŒ-u †m v;]†blb;m|o vbv|;l࢙ঞ1o r-u- ;Ѵ ;m|u;o|u-v-11bom;vĺ-0;7;v|-1-ut†;;v|-1-lr-ो-_-
1b;uu;7;0u;1_-v7;bm=oul-1bॕm‹u;=ouŒ-uѴ-bmˆ;uvbॕm;m vb7o-v†lb7-rou†m-]u-m1-mঞ7-77;bmvঞ|†1bom;vrি-
Ѵ-vŒom-v7om7;_-‹l;mouru;v;m1b-7;o=;u|-rি0Ѵb1-7; 0Ѵb1-v‹rubˆ-7-vķ;m|u;Ѵ-vt†;v;;m1†;m|u-m-];m1b-v7;
;v|ovv;uˆb1bovĺ-u-;v|oķv;u;t†b;u;rubl;uo1om|-u1om -1bom;v&mb7-v1olo& ķ& ķ&†f;u;vĺ
†mu;rovb|oubo7;bm=oul-1bॕmt†;bm|;]u;;m†m!;]bv|uo
 mbˆ;Ѵ u;]bom-Ѵķ ;Ѵ bmbv|;ubo 7; "-Ѵ†7 _- blrѴ;l;m|--
࡛mb1o Ѵ-v bm=oul-1bom;v ];m;u-7-v rou Ѵ-v bmvঞ|†1bom;vķ
7o7†u-m|;Ѵov-ोovƑƏƐƑŊƑƏƐѵ;Ѵruo‹;1|oľ ou|-Ѵ;1b-
r-u-†ml;fou7b-]mॕvঞ1o7;Ѵ-1o0;u|†u-1omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-
lb;m|o mvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ r-u- Ѵ- u;ˆ;m1bॕm ‹ Ѵ- uolo1bॕm
Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹1om;Š_-†vঞˆb7-7v;ो-Ѵ-uѴ-v
7;v-Ѵ†7;m l0-u-Œ-7-v‹;Ѵr;ubo7o;om-|-Ѵķ!;]bॕm
Œom-v 7; l-‹ou;v 0u;1_-v 7; -11;vo - bm=oul-1bॕm ‹ -
7;"-Ѵ†7Ŀķ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ1†-Ѵv;0†v1-l;fou-uѴ-1-Ѵb7-7
v;uˆb1bovvo1b-Ѵ;vt†;1om|ub0†‹;m-Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ;l-
7;-|;m1bॕmru;m-|-Ѵķm;om-|-Ѵ‹r†;ur;ubot†;0ubm7-m
0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ
Ѵov ;v|-0Ѵ;1blb;m|ov 7; v-Ѵ†7ķ 1om †m- ro0Ѵ-1bॕm o0f;-
ml-|;ub-7;v-Ѵ†7ķ7;v7;;Ѵ-ोoƐƖƖƒ_-v|-Ѵ--1|†-Ѵb- ঞˆo7;ƐķƑƏƏ=†m1bom-ubov‹|࣐1mb1ov7;Ѵov1;m|uov7;
7-7ķѴ- bˆbvbॕm7;"-Ѵ†7-|;umoķm=-mঞѴ‹7oѴ;v1;m|;v rubl;umbˆ;Ѵ‹Ѵ-v&mb7-7;v7;|;m1bॕmubl-ub-7;"-Ѵ†7
7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ি0Ѵb1-7;Ѵr-झvѴѴ;ˆ-blrѴ;l;m- Ő&vőĺ

CAPÍTULO 4 125
Tabla 10
$!, ""$ $,ࠎ  !$ " !("$ ! "
!! ( ࠎ+$ ࠎ !,+$ !     " $ "

126 CAPÍTULO 4
ol0u;7; Año de Ѵ1-m1;
mvঞ|†1bॕm ;v1ubr1bॕm0u;ˆ;7;Ѵruo‹;1|o
Ѵ-bm|;uˆ;m1bॕm bmb1bo ];o]u࢙C1o
7†1-1bॕm;m$"ķ(‹"b7-ķ uolo1bॕm 7; Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕm bm|;]u-Ѵ ;m Ѵov 1;m|uov ;7†1-ঞˆov r-u- Ѵ-
bmbv|;ubo 7; 7†1-1bॕm ‹ ru;ˆ;m1bॕm 7; ;l0-u-Œov ru;ˆ;m1bॕm 7; ;l0-u-Œov - |;lru-m- ;7-7ķ ( ‹ o|u-v $"ķ l;7b-m|; Ѵ-
ƑƏƐƒ Nacional
("  0-v-7o ;m _-0bѴb7-7;v r-u- 1-r-1b|-1bॕm ‹ v;mvb0bѴbŒ-1bॕm 7; l-;v|uov ‹ |࣐1mb1ovķ 7; Ѵ- ro0Ѵ-1bॕm
POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS EXISTENTES

Ѵ-ˆb7-ĺ ;v|†7b-mঞѴķ1om;ѴbmˆoѴ†1u-lb;m|o=-lbѴb-u‹1ol†mb|-uboĺ
bmbv|;ubo 7; 7†1-1bॕm
ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m|o-Ѵ-;v|u-|;- bv;ोo 7; ruo|o1oѴov 7; ;mv;ो-mŒ- r-u- u;=ouŒ-u Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕm bm|;]u-Ѵ ;m
-ro‹oCm-m1b;uo‹$࣐1mb1o
]b-7;;7†1-1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ;m ƑƏƐƓ v;Š†-Ѵb7-7ķ1omo0f;ঞˆo7;1-r-1b|-u‹v;mvb0bѴbŒ-u-7o1;m|;v‹;v|†7b-m|;vķ Nacional
7; Ѵ- &mbॕm †uor;- ‹ Ѵ-
sexualidad ruo7†1|o7;7b-]mॕvঞ1ov;bmˆ;vঞ]-1bom;vu;-ѴbŒ-7-vĺ
  ĺ
uo‹;1|o7; ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m|o
7;Ѵov";uˆb1bov7;|;m1bॕm u;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹l;fou-7;Ѵovv;uˆb1bov7;-|;m1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ-Ѵ-v‹
ovrb|-Ѵ†mb1br-Ѵ7;bl-
Integral de Adolescentes,con Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ7;v7;†m-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-bm|;uv;1|oub-Ѵ;m|u;;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7;
0-fo-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ-&mb7-7 ƑƏƐƕ Local
࣐m=-vbv ;m u;ˆ;m1bॕm ‹ 7†1-1bॕm‹7;"-Ѵ†7ি0Ѵb1-ķ‹1u;-1bॕm7;†m-u;77;-7oѴ;v1;m|;vl†ѴঞrѴb-
de Adolescentes
|;m1bॕm 7; l0-u-Œov 7- 1-7ou;vĺ
olescentes
uoˆbvbॕm 7; v;uˆb1bov 7; v-Ѵ†7 -lb]-0Ѵ;v ‹ ruolo1bॕm 7; Ѵ- v-Ѵ†7 bm|;]u-Ѵ
ovrb|-Ѵ!;]bom-Ѵ&mbˆ;uvb-
;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b--|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ-1-r-1b|-1bॕm-l†ѴঞrѴb1-7ou;v_ovrb|-Ѵ-ubovķ
|-ubo uĺ †bv -m†;Ѵ o- !"-(;]- ƐƖƖƔ Local
;v1oѴ-u;v‹1ol†mb|-ubovķ‹--7oѴ;v1;m|;vķr-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵrubl;u;l-
ubѴѴobm]
0-u-Œoķ‹=oul-u‹1-r-1b|-u=-lbѴb-v=†;u|;vĺ
ol;m|-uѴ-u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;-|u-ˆ࣐v7;†m-;Šr;ub;m1b-
uo]u;v-m7o 1om "oѴb7-ub-
;0࣐rb࣐mv-Ѵo0b;m ƑƏƐƔ 7;vbl†Ѵ-1bॕm7;v;ur-7u;vol-7u;vŐvbl†Ѵ-7ou0;0࣐őķ‹7;1_-uѴ-vr-u-1u;-u Nacional
dad
1omv1b;m1b-7;Ѵ-vblrѴb1-1bom;v7;Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7‹r-|;umb7-7ĺ
uolo1bॕm 7; Ѵ- o |oѴ;u-m1b- -Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ;m l;mou;v 7; ƐƔ -ोovķ
7;Ѵ-m|;ॕˆ;m;v7;Ѵ-m|;
$oѴ;u-m1b-;uo-Ѵ;l0-u-Œo 1om|ub0†‹;m7o-v†u;1omo1blb;m|o1olol-mb=;v|-1bॕm7;ˆboѴ;m1b-v;Š†-Ѵķ-
Őőķ;m1oou7bm-1bॕm1om ƑƏƐƓ Nacional
;ml;mou;v7;ƐƔ-ोovĺ |u-ˆ࣐v7;1-lr-ो-v‹v;mvb0bѴbŒ-1bॕm-Ѵr;uvom-Ѵ7;v-Ѵ†7‹7;;7†1-1bॕmķr-u-
el Ministerio de Salud
=ol;m|-u;Ѵ1†lrѴblb;m|o7;Ѵ-;‹ƐƒѵŊƏƒĺ
;v-uuoѴѴo7;1-r-1b7-7;vr-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;1om7†1|-v7;ub;v]o;m-7-
7;Ѵ-m|;ॕˆ;m;v7;Ѵ-m|;
uo]u-l- -lbѴb-v =†;u|;vĹ oѴ;v1;m|;vl;mou;v7;ƐƔ-ोov-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ-1-r-1b|-1bॕmķv;mvb0bѴbŒ-1bॕm‹
Őőķ;m1oou7bm-1bॕm1om ƑƏƐƑ uoˆbm1b-Ѵ
ľlou‹Ѵझlb|;vĿ -v;vouझ--r-7u;vņl-7u;vņ|†|ou;v‹v†v_bfovņ-vķr-u-;Ѵu;=ouŒ-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-
el Ministerio de Salud
1ol†mb1-1bॕm‹7;ˆ-Ѵou;v=-lbѴb-u;vĺ
v|u-|;]b- 7; 1-r-1b|-1bॕm ;m|u; r-u;v Ő-7oѴ;v1;m|;vő r-u- ];m;u-u
7;Ѵ-m|;ॕˆ;m;v7;Ѵ-m|;
uo]u-l-=oul-1bॕm7;-7o- 1olr;|;m1b-vķ ruoloˆb;m7o Ѵ- -7or1bॕm 7; ;vঞѴov 7; ˆb7- v-Ѵ†7-0Ѵ;v r-u-
Őőķ;m1oou7bm-1bॕm1om ƑƏƐƑ uoˆbm1b-Ѵ
Ѵ;v1;m|;vl†ѴঞrѴb1-7ou;v Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;1om7†1|-v7;ub;v]oķ-vo1b-7-v-Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoķѴ-v$"ņ(‹
el Ministerio de Salud
ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;ˆboѴ;m1b-ĺ
$-0Ѵ-ƐƏŐomঞm†-1bॕmő
$!, ""$ $,ࠎ  !$ " !("$ ! "
!! ( ࠎ+$ ࠎ !,+$ !     " $ "
ol0u;7; Año de Ѵ1-m1;
mvঞ|†1bॕm ;v1ubr1bॕm0u;ˆ;7;Ѵruo‹;1|o
Ѵ-bm|;uˆ;m1bॕm bmb1bo ];o]u࢙C1o
oum-7-v 7; 1-r-1b|-1bॕm - -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ‹ 1omv|u†11bॕm 7; u;7;v 7;
Centro de Promoción
l†ѴঞrѴb1-7ou;vr-u-Ѵ-ruolo1bॕm7;Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-r-u-ruo-
bmbv|;ubo7;Ѵ-†f;u 7;"-Ѵ†7m|;]u-Ѵ7; 2015 Local
rb1b-uѴ-|ol-7;7;1bvbom;vbm=oul-7-vru;ˆbmb;m7oѴov;l0-u-ŒovķѴ-v;m=;u-
Adolescentes
l;7-7;v7;|u-mvlbvbॕmv;Š†-Ѵ‹†vo7;7uo]-vķ;|1ĺ
ovrb|-Ѵ&mbˆ;uvb|-ubo-- uoˆbvbॕm 7; v;uˆb1bov 7; -|;m1bॕm bm|;]u-Ѵ ;m v-Ѵ†7 7†u-m|; ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ‹
|;m1bॕmm|;]u-Ѵ-Ѵ-v7o-
ternidad Nuestra Señora ƐƖƖƒ ;Ѵ r†;ur;uboķ‹ ru;ˆ;m1bॕm 7; ;l0-u-Œov v†0vb]†b;m|;vķ l;7b-m|; 1omv†Ѵ|-v Local
Ѵ;v1;m|;v l0-u-Œ-7-v
de La Altagracia l࣐7b1-v‹1_-uѴ-v;7†1-ঞˆ-v-Ѵ-vr-1b;m|;v‹v†v=-lbѴb-u;vĺ
uo]u-l--1bom-Ѵ7;"-Ѵ†7 ;v-uuoѴѴo7;]†झ-v‹ruo|o1oѴov7;-|;m1bॕmķ‹7;1-r-1b|-1bॕm‹7;-|;m1bॕm Nacional y local
Integral de los y las Adoles- ƐƖƖƒ rov|Ŋr-u|o-Ѵovruoˆ;;7ou;v7;v;uˆb1bov‹-l†ѴঞrѴb1-7ou;vr-u-u;7†1bu;Ѵ
1;m|;vŐ!"őĺ ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ
Ŏovrb|-Ѵ uĺ-v1-vbo$oub-
ƑƏƏƑ vblbvloķ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ-&mb7-77;"-Ѵ†7m|;]u-Ѵ7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m
0bob-mঞmbķ"-Ѵ1;7oĺ
1-7-ovrb|-ѴŐƕ;m|o|-Ѵőķv;o=u;1;mv;uˆb1bov-lb]-0Ѵ;vr-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm
Ŏovrb|-Ѵ uĺ‫ܬ‬m];Ѵom1;r- 7; 1om7†1|-v 7; ub;v]oķ ;m|u; Ѵ-v t†; v; ;m1†;m|u- ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo |;lru-moķ
ƑƏƏƑ
1bॕm-f-u-ķ$;m-u;v ˆboѴ;m1b-‹-7b11bom;vĺ
Ministerio de Salud Ŏovrb|-Ѵ†mb1br-Ѵ(bѴѴ-
ি0Ѵb1- ƑƏƏƑ
$-rb-ĺ
Ŏovrb|-Ѵm7u࣐vo1-_b1-ĺ ƑƏƏƔ
Ŏovrb|-Ѵ†mb1br-Ѵ7;(bѴѴ-
ƑƏƐƏ
;ѴѴ-Ő(őĺ
Ŏovrb|-Ѵo1-Ѵ ѴѴlbu-m|;ĺ ƑƏƐƒ
Ŏovrb|-Ѵ!-lॕm;ѴѴ-ķ
ƑƏƐƓ
-f-0ॕmĺ
!" v|;0-mझ-Ĺ0ou-
daje de la salud integral de oou7bm-1bॕmbm|;ubmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ-mbˆ;ѴѴo1-Ѵķr-u-Ѵ-oub;m|-1bॕm-fॕˆ;m;v‹-Ѵ
bmbv|;ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ি0Ѵb1- -7oѴ;v1;m|;v1om࣐m=-vbv;m ƑƏƐƓ r;uvom-Ѵ7;Ѵovv;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7r-u-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v- Local
Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;;l0-u-Œov‹ 1;m1b-‹v†0vb]†b;m|;vĺ
mortalidad materna
ub;m|-1bॕm‹v;mvb0bѴbŒ-m7o-fॕˆ;m;v7;_o]-u;v‹=-lbѴb-v0;m;C1b-7ovrou;Ѵ
uo]u;v-m7o1om"oѴb7--
+o7;1b7o;vr;u-u ƑƏƐƓ !"r-u-1u;-u1-r-1b7-7;vr-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v- Nacional
ridad
1;m1b-ķv†0vb]†b;m|;v‹;m=;ul;7-7;v7;|u-mvlbvbॕmv;Š†-Ѵĺ
v|-l-|ubŒ=†;u;-ѴbŒ-7-;m0-v;-Ѵ-vbm=oul-1bom;vv†lbmbv|u-7-vrouѴ-vbmvঞ|†1bom;vu;vromv-0Ѵ;v7;Ѵ-vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;vĺ

CAPÍTULO 4
127
PARA LA PREVENCIÓN DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE
POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS EXISTENTES

ouv†r-u|;ķ;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7;Ѵ-†ˆ;m|†77;v-uuoѴѴ-ˆ-ub-v ƒƓķƓƑƔ-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹fॕˆ;m;v-Ѵ-vu;7;v7;u;ˆ;m1bॕm
bm|;uˆ;m1bom;voub;m|-7-v-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo 7; l0-u-Œoķ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;ľ;0࣐b࣐mv-Ѵob;mĿĺ
-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ1olo;v;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵ-vľ-v-v7;Ѵ-†ˆ;m-
7;l࢙v 7;Ѵ 1olrom;m|; 7; ru;ˆ;m1bॕm 7; !"ķ
|†7Ŀķ;vr-1bov7bm࢙lb1ovr-u-fॕˆ;m;v1omorou|†mb7-7;v
v; ;f;1†|-m 7ov ruo‹;1|ov 7; -vbv|;m1b- - fॕˆ;m;v ;l-
r-u-v†=oul-1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ;bmv;u1bॕm;m;Ѵl;u1-7oѴ--
barazadas y en etapa posparto para promocionar la sa-
0ou-Ѵĺvblbvloķ blrѴ;l;m|-m ;Ѵ ľuo]u-l- 7; u;ˆ;m-
Ѵ†7l-|;um-;bm=-mঞѴĹľu;ˆ;m1bॕm;m"-Ѵ†7Ŀ‹ľ_bvrb|-v
1bॕm7;Ѵ l0-u-Œo;mѴ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-Ŀ7bub]b7o-ruolo-
"oѴb7-ub-vĿĺ-u-;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐѵķ!"_-0;m;C1b-7o-
ˆ;uѴovˆ-Ѵou;v‹Ѵ-blrou|-m1b-7;rѴ-m;-uѴovruo‹;1|ov
ƒķѵѵƓ;l0-u-Œ-7-v‹ƐƑķѶƓƕmbोov‹mbो-v;m|u;ѵl;v;v
7;ˆb7-7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ķ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ-v;mvb0bѴbŒ-1bॕmķ
‹ƔƖl;v;vķlb;l0uov7;=-lbѴb-vr-uঞ1br-m|;v7;Ѵruo-
oub;m|-1bॕm‹;7†1-1bॕm-Ѵovfॕˆ;m;vĺ
]u-l-ķt†;u;1b0b;uomlb1uom†|ub;m|;v;mroѴˆoŐ_bvrb-
ou o|uo Ѵ-7oķ - |u-ˆ࣐v 7;Ѵ uo]u-l- ľuo]u;v-m7o 1om |-v"oѴb7-ub-vőĺ]†-Ѵl;m|;ķv;ˆ;ubC1ॕ;Ѵ1†lrѴblb;m|o7;Ѵ
"oѴb7-ub7-7Ŀ95Ő!"ő7;Ѵ-(b1;ru;vb7;m1b-7;Ѵ-!;- ;vt†;l-7;1omv†Ѵ|-‹1om|uoѴ;v7;v-Ѵ†77;m|uo7;Ѵ-v
rি0Ѵb1-ķ v; blrѴ;l;m|-m 7ov ruo‹;1|ov 7; -1olr-ो-- 1ouu;vromv-0bѴb7-7;v7;v-Ѵ†7ķr-u-;ѴƖƖѷ7;Ѵovmbोov
lb;m|ovo1bo;7†1-ঞˆo‹7;oub;m|-1bॕmr-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m- 7;Ə-Ɣ-ोov‹r-u-;ѴƖƖѷ7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;l0-u-Œ-v7;Ѵ
1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹7;;m=;ul;7-7;v programa96ĺ
7;|u-mvlbvbॕmv;Š†-Ѵķ-v-0;uĹ
ouv†r-u|;ķ7;v7;;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐƒķ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ- bu;11bॕm
Ő-ő ļ;0ߪĶrbߪmv-Ѳo0b;mĽ, en el cual mediante el uso de 7;ub;m|-1bॕm‹vb1oѴo]झ-7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmķ
vbl†Ѵ-7ou;v7;0;0࣐vv;ruol†;ˆ;Ѵ-v;mvb0bѴbŒ-1bॕm‹ v;7;v-uuoѴѴ-;Ѵruo‹;1|oľ 7†1-1bॕm;m$"ķ(‹"b7-ķ
1om1b;m1b-1bॕm7;Ѵovfॕˆ;m;vvo0u;Ѵ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-7 ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;;l0-u-Œov0-v-7o;m_-0bѴb7-7;vr-u-Ѵ-
7;1omˆ;uঞuv;;mr-7u;v‹l-7u;v-†m-;7-7|;lru-- ˆb7-Ŀķ-;v1-Ѵ-m-1bom-Ѵĺ Ѵlbvlo1†;m|-1om;Ѵ-ro‹oC-
m-ĸ‹ m-m1b;uo‹$࣐1mb1o7;Ѵomv;fo-1bom-Ѵr-u-Ѵ-u;ˆ;m-
1bॕm 7;Ѵ ( ‹ "b7- Ő(" őĺ v|; ruo‹;1|o v;
(b) ļ+o ;1b7o vr;u-uĽĶ ;Ѵ 1†-Ѵ ঞ;m; 1olo o0f;ঞˆo
;m=o1-;mruoloˆ;uѴ-;7†1-1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ;mѴov1;m|uov
1u;-u 1-r-1b7-7;v ;m Ѵov fॕˆ;m;v r-uঞ1br-m|;v ;m
;7†1-ঞˆovķt†;bm1Ѵ†‹;Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;;l0-u-Œov‹7;
!"r-u-ru;ˆ;mbu;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
Ѵ- |u-mvlbvbॕm 7; ;m=;ul;7-7 7; |u-mvlbvbॕm v;Š†-Ѵ 7;
;bm=;11bom;v7;|u-mvlbvbॕmv;Š†-Ѵĺ
Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ-Ѵ-ˆ;Œt†;v;ruol†;ˆ;Ѵ--†|omolझ-
;-1†;u7o-Ѵ-;loub-mvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ7;!"ķ;m;Ѵ bm7bˆb7†-Ѵ‹Ѵ-1-r-1b7-7r-u-Ѵ-|ol-7;7;1bvbom;vu;v-
-ोoƑƏƐѵv;oub;m|-uom-ѵƔķƓѶѵ-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹fॕˆ;m;v ponsables de los mismos, alcanzando de manera directa a
vo0u;ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;;l0-u-Œovķv-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1- ƑѵƓķƐƕƐ-7oѴ;v1;m|;v7†u-m|;Ѵov-ोovƑƏƐƒŊƑƏƐƔ-|u--
ঞˆ--|u-ˆ࣐v7;ľ+o ;1b7o vr;u-uĿķ‹=†;uombm|;]u-7-v ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ-0ou7-f;;mѴ-v-†Ѵ-vvo0u;Ѵov|;l-vruboubŒ-7ovĺ

95
 !"ruo|;];-Ѵ-v=-lbѴb-vl࢙vro0u;v‹;m1-u;1b7-v7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ;bm1b7;;m;Ѵ-1;uˆo7;v†1-rb|-Ѵ_†l-mo‹vo1b-Ѵķl;7b-m|;Ѵ-;m|u;]-7;
|u-mv=;u;m1b-vlom;|-ub-v1om7b1bom-7-vķ1omѴ-Cm-Ѵb7-77;-v;]†u-u;Ѵ1omv†lolझmblo7;;v|-v=-lbѴb-v‹]-u-mঞŒ-uv†-11;vo-Ѵovv;uˆb1bov0࢙vb1ov7;"-Ѵ†7
‹ 7†1-1bॕmĺŐ_‚rĹņņruo]u;v-m7o1omvoѴb7-ub7-7ĺ]o0ĺ7oņmovo|uovņt†Ŋb;m;vŊvolovņőĺ
96
 !"ĺŐƑƏƐѵőĺľuo]u;v-m7o1om"oѴb7-ub7-7Ĺ;loub-vmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ;vƑƏƐѵĿĺuo]u;v-m7o1om"oѴb7-ub7-7ĺ"-m|o olbm]oĺ

128 CAPÍTULO 4
PARA LA PREVENCIÓN DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

Recuadro 16
߈   ! ,&$  " ! ࡛ Ĺ
&("ࠎ ! ,‫" ! ܬ"ܬ‬

Ѵ߈m7b1;7;o0u;Œ-†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴŐő
Tabla X.
7;v-uuoѴѴ-7orou"-0bm-Ѵhbu;‹ -ˆb7 ov-
|;uķ 7;v7; Ѵ- bmb1b-ঞˆ- 7; Š=ou7 r-u- Ѵ-
! $  & ! " $! ƐƑ+ƒƏࠃ" &  !$   
o0u;Œ-‹;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moŐķrou ! "!(ࠎ!   ! ҃!
v†vvb]Ѵ-v;mbm]Ѵ࣐vőķv;bm1Ѵ†‹;rourubl;u- !-m]o7;;7-7
bl;mvbॕm m7b1-7ou
ˆ;Œ;m;Ѵm=oul;†m7b-Ѵvo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo ƐƑŊƐƖ-ोov ƑƏŊƒƏ-ोov
†l-mo;mƑƏƐƏľ-ˆ;u7-7;u-ubt†;Œ-7; ou|-Ѵb7-7bm=-mঞѴ Ƒĺѵѷ ƒĺƒѷ
Ѵ-vm-1bom;vĹ-lbmov-Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĿĺ
Aseguramiento ѶƕĺƏѷ ƕƒĺƑѷ
b1_oझm7b1;vb]†;Ѵ-ˆbvbॕml†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ Salud
m=;ul;7-7 ƒƒĺƒѷ ƒƑĺƏѷ
7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo‹v;0-v-;m;Ѵ;m=o-
t†;7;1-r-1b7-7;vĺ ;;v|-l-m;u-ķu;Y;f- Seguridad alimentaria ƓƖĺƓѷ ƓƔĺƖѷ
Ѵ-v u;-Ѵb7-7;v ‹ 1om|;Š|ov Ѵo1-Ѵ;v b7;mঞC- o]uo;7†1-ঞˆo ѵƏĺƖѷ ѵƔĺƖѷ
cando privaciones que persisten a pesar del !;Œ-]o;7†1-ঞˆo ƓƐĺƒѷ ƐƐĺѵѷ
-†l;m|o7;Ѵbm]u;voķ-rou|-m7o_;uu-lb;m- 7†1-1bॕm
Inasistencia escolar ƒƔĺƔѷ Ѷĺƕѷ
|-v r-u- 7;Ѵbm;-u roѴझঞ1-v‹ ;v|u-|;]b-v -m-
†b7-7obm=-mঞѴ ƏĺƏѷ ƏĺƑѷ
ঞro0u;Œ-ĺ 7;l࢙vķ r;ulb|; 1olrѴ;l;m|-u
"†v|;m|o;1omॕlb1o ƒĺƔѷ Ѷĺƕѷ
medidas monetarias y abrir un espacio para
Sustento y
7bv;ो-u bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v bm|;]u-Ѵ;vķ b7;mঞC- $u-0-fobm=-mঞѴ ƓĺƓѷ ƒĺƕѷ
trabajo
cando mejor las privaciones y las respuestas m=oul-Ѵb7-7 ƐĺƏѷ Əĺƒѷ
7;roѴझঞ1-rি0Ѵb1-ĺ Material de la vivienda ƐƓĺƔѷ ƐƑĺƐѷ
;_;1_oķ;v|;bm7b1-7oulb7;Ѵ-1-mঞ7-77; Acceso al agua ѵƐĺƕѷ ѵƏĺƏѷ
r;uvom-v-=;1|-7-vrourubˆ-1bom;vvbl†Ѵ|࢙- Saneamiento ƓƐĺƑѷ ƑƔĺѶѷ
m;-v‹;Ѵmিl;uo7;1-u;m1b-vt†;;m=u;m|-m
ol0†vঞ0Ѵ;r-u-1o1bm-u ѶĺƏѷ ѶĺƔѷ
;mruol;7boĺ]†-Ѵl;m|;ķr;ulb|;7;v]Ѵov-u (bˆb;m7-‹
entorno Electricidad ƔƖĺƖѷ ƔƓĺƔѷ
v†v7bl;mvbom;vr-u-lov|u-u1ॕlo1-l0b-
Ѵ- 1olrovb1bॕm 7; Ѵ- ro0u;Œ- l†Ѵঞ7bl;m- -1bm-lb;m|o ƒѵĺѵѷ ƒƒĺƑѷ
sional, en incidencia e intensidad, entre dis- ;u1-mझ--=o1ov7;
ƓƒĺƐѷ ƒƔĺƐѷ
ঞm|-v u;]bom;vķ ]u†rov vo1bo;1omॕlb1ovķ 1om|-lbm-1bॕm
]࣐m;uoķ;m|u;o|uovķѴo1†-Ѵঞ;m;1omv;1†;m- ;u1-mझ--=†;m|;v7;r;Ѵb]uo ƏĺƏѷ ƏĺƑѷ
1b-vিঞѴ;v;ml-|;ub-7;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;vĺ u;1_-7b]b|-Ѵ Ƒƕĺƕѷ ƒѵĺƒѷ
ov  ]Ѵo0-Ѵ;v Ŋ t†; v; bm1Ѵ†‹;m ;m Ѵov Inseguridad ciudadana ƏĺƏѷ ƏĺƑѷ
u;1_-7b]b|-Ѵ
bm=oul;v 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo Ŋ r;ulb|;m bv1ublbm-1bॕm ƐѵĺƖѷ ƑƏĺѵѷ
y convivencia
1olr-u-0bѴb7-7 bm|u- ; bm|;uŊu;]bom-Ѵĺ 1- Autonomía ƐƒĺѶѷ Ɛƕĺѵѷ
|†-Ѵl;m|;ķ v; lb7; ;m ƐƏƑ r-झv;v ‹ 1†0u;
o1†l;m|-1bॕm ƑƖĺƖѷ ƐѵĺƑѷ
;ѴƕƔѷ7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕml†m7b-Ѵķu;]bv|u-m7o
†;m|;Ĺ Ѵ-0ou-1bॕmruorb-;m0-v;-7-|ovv†lbmbv|u-7ovrou;Ѵ"bv|;l-࡛mb1o7;;m;C1b--
Ɛĺѵ 0bѴѴom;v 7; r;uvom-v l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ- ubovŐ"& őƐ_‚rĹņņ‰‰‰ĺor_bĺou]ĺ†hņl†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴŊroˆ;u|‹Ŋbm7;ŠņlrbŊ7-|-Ŋ0-mhņ
l;m|;ro0u;vĺ

CAPÍTULO 4 129
POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS EXISTENTES

!;1†-7uoƐѵŐom|bm†-1bॕmő
߈   ! ,&$  " ! ࡛ Ĺ
&("ࠎ ! ,‫" ! ܬ"ܬ‬

Recientemente, y siguiendo los pasos de ‹ ;v-uuoѴѴoŐ + őr-u-1olr-u-0bѴb7-7 7o ;l0-u-Œ-7-vķ v; ;ˆb7;m1b-m rubˆ-1bom;v
o|uovr-झv;v7;Ѵ-u;]bॕm1olooѴol0b-‹ Ѵ ;m|u;Ѵovr-झv;v7;Ѵ-u;]bॕmѴ-ঞmo-l;ub1-- blrou|-m|;v;mѴ-v7bvঞm|-v7bl;mvbom;v7;Ѵ
"-Ѵˆ-7ouķѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ķ7;v7;Ѵ- m-ĺ ov 7-|ov †ঞѴbŒ-7ov ruoˆb;m;m 7; Ѵ-v Ŋ! ĺou;f;lrѴoķ†m-l-‹ouruorou-
(b1;ru;vb7;m1b-7;Ѵ-!;rি0Ѵb1-ķ_-1omv|u†b- m1†;v|-v-1bom-Ѵ;v7; †;uŒ-7;$u-0-fo 1bॕm 7; -7oѴ;v1;m|;v 1om -Ѵ]িm ;l0-u-Œo
7o ;Ѵ Ŋ! ĺ 7b=;u;m1b- 7;Ѵ  ]Ѵo0-Ѵķ Ő  $őķѴ;ˆ-m|-7-vrou;Ѵ-m1o;m|u-Ѵ7; ;m|u;ѴovƐƑ‹ƐƖ-ोovr;u|;m;1;-_o]-u;v
t†; lb7; |u;v 7bl;mvbom;vĹ v-Ѵ†7ķ ;7†1-- ƑƏƏƏ - ƑƏƐѵĺ Ѵ Ŋ ;v|࢙ 1om=oul-7o 1omrubˆ-1bom;v;m;Ѵbm7b1-7ouvo0u;u;Œ--
1bॕm‹mbˆ;Ѵ7;ˆb7-ķ;ѴŊ! ķ-|u-ˆ࣐v7; rou1bm1oŐƔő7bl;mvbom;vķ;m|u;Ѵovt†;v; ]o ;7†1-ঞˆo ŐƓƐĺƒѷőķ bm-vbv|;m1b- ;v1oѴ-u
†m ruo1;vo bm1Ѵ†vbˆo 7; 1omv†Ѵ|-vķ -7-r|ॕ incluye vivienda, servicios básicos, están- ŐƒƔĺƔѷőķ v-m;-lb;m|o ŐƓƐĺƑѷő ‹ 7o1†l;m-
Ѵ-v7bl;mvbom;v‹-;Šbv|;m|;v;bm1Ѵ†‹ॕ7ov 7-u 7; ˆb7-ķ ;7†1-1bॕmķ ;lrѴ;oķ ‹ ruo|;1- |-1bॕm ŐƑƖĺƖѷőķ -Ѵ 1olr-u-uv; 1om -t†;ѴѴ-v
dimensiones adicionales con relevancia para 1bॕmvo1b-Ѵĺ t†; rov|;u]-uom ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo Ѵ†;]o 7; Ѵ-
;Ѵ 1om|;Š|o m-1bom-ѴĹ v†v|;m|o ‹ |u-0-foķ ‹ -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺolru;m7;uѴ-v1-†v-v7;;v-
ov;f;u1b1bov7;1࢙Ѵ1†Ѵo7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-l†Ѵঞ-
0u;1_- 7b]b|-Ѵ‹ 1omˆbˆ;m1b-ķ t†; 1olru;m-
|-v7b=;u;m1b-v;v†m-orou|†mb7-7‹†mu;|o
den indicadores de seguridad ciudadana, 7bl;mvbom-Ѵ;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-1ol-
r-u-;Ѵ v|-7o7olbmb1-moĺ
7bv1ublbm-1bॕmķ -†|omolझ-ķ 0u;1_- 7b]b|-Ѵķ‹ rѴ;l;m|-m Ѵ- l;7b7- oC1b-Ѵ rou bm]u;vo ;
ˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7 =u;m|; - ;ˆ;m|ov 1Ѵbl࢙ঞ1ovķ b7;mঞC1-m0u;1_-v-7b1bom-Ѵ;vt†;v;u;]bv-
-vm†;ˆ-vroѴझঞ1-v;ml-|;ub-7;ro0u;Œ-ķ
;Ѵ-0ou-m7o -7;l࢙v †m- C1_- 7; Ѵ;ˆ-m|-- |u-m;m;Ѵr-झvķ-rou|-m7o-Ѵ-u;-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;
;7†1-1bॕmķ v-Ѵ†7ķ ]࣐m;uo‹ķ ;m ;vr;1b-Ѵķ Ѵ-v
lb;m|o - mbˆ;Ѵ 7; _o]-u r-u- v† 1࢙Ѵ1†Ѵoķ Ѵ- Ѵ-ˆbvbॕm;v|-0Ѵ;1b7-;mѴ- v|u-|;]b--1bo-
u;Ѵ-ঞˆ-v -Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ;m -7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ ro-
1†-Ѵ r;ulbঞॕ 1-Ѵ1†Ѵ-u Ѵov m†;ˆov bm7b1-7o- m-Ѵ7; ;v-uuoѴѴoŐ  őķ‹;mѴov0f;ঞˆov
7u࢙moub;m|-u1oml-‹ou;C1-1b-v†v-11bo-
u;v t†; u;Y;f-m Ѵ- u;-Ѵb7-7 7; Ѵ- !;rি0Ѵb1- 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;Ő "őĺ
nes al contar con un novedoso instrumento
olbmb1-m-ĺ r-uঞu7;Ѵov7-|ovu;1-0-7ov7;Ѵ"& ķ 7;l;7b1bॕmt†;=ou|-Ѵ;1;u࢙Ѵ-1-r-1b7-77;
Siguiendo la metodología propuesta por la ‹ -rѴb1-7ov - Ѵov _o]-u;v ;m t†; u;vb7;m Ѵov-1|ou;vņ-v1Ѵ-ˆ;‹|ol-7ou;vņ-v7;7;1b-
 ķv;_-1-Ѵ1†Ѵ-7o†mŊrour-u- Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;m|u; ƐƑ ‹ ƐƖ -ोovķ ‹ Ѵ-v vbom;v‹r;ulbঞu࢙7bv;ो-u‹-rѴb1-uroѴझঞ1-v
|;7;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7; 1omolझ-ķѴ-mbC1-1bॕm l†f;u;v;m|u;ƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोovķt†;_-m;v|-- ;=;1ঞˆ-v0-v-7-v;m;ˆb7;m1b-vĺ

]†-Ѵl;m|;ķ 7;v-uuoѴѴ-m ;Ѵ ruo‹;1|o 7; ľ ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m|o 1-ঞˆov !;]bom-Ѵ;v v;Ѵ;11bom-7ov ;m "-m ubv|ॕ0-Ѵ‹ 7;
- Ѵ- ;v|u-|;]b- 7; ;7†1-1bॕm bm|;]u-Ѵ ;m v;Š†-Ѵb7-7Ŀķ ;m "-m|o olbm]oĺ
;Ѵt†;v;r;uvb]†;ľ1om|ub0†bu-Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴobm|;]u-Ѵ7;Ѵ-
v;Š†-Ѵb7-7 7; Ѵov mbोovķ mbो-vķ -7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ fॕˆ;m;v ‹ |u-;v|u-|;]b-7;m=oul-1bॕmķ 7†1-1bॕm‹ol†mb1--
r;uvom-v-7†Ѵ|-v-|u-ˆ࣐v7;ruo1;vovvo1boŊ;7†1-ঞˆov 1bॕmŐ őķblrѴ;l;m|-7-rouѴ-ou]-mbŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vo1b;-
0-v-7ov;m;ˆb7;m1b-v1b;mঠC1-v‹l;7b-m|;;v|u-|;]b-v 7-71bˆbѴ7;Ѵ-m|;ॕˆ;m;v7;Ѵ-m|;Őőķ;m1oou7bm--
l;|o7oѴॕ]b1-v t†; ruorb1b;m ;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴo 7; 1olr;- 1bॕm1om;Ѵbmbv|;ubo7;"-Ѵ†7ķ=†;;Ѵ7;ľ$oѴ;u-m1b-;uo
|;m1b-vĿĺ  |u-ˆ࣐v 7; ;v|; ruo‹;1|o v; _-m 0;m;C1b-7o -Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;ml;mou;v7;ƐƔ-ोovĿĺ-1-lr-ो-;v|†ˆo
bm7bu;1|-l;m|; ƐƖķƑƒƒ ;v|†7b-m|;v ;m ƒƏ 1;m|uov ;7†- ru;v;m|; ;m |o7o ;Ѵ |;uub|oubo m-1bom-Ѵ ;m ;Ѵ -ोo ƑƏƐƓķ

130 CAPÍTULO 4
PARA LA PREVENCIÓN DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

7-m7oˆbvb0bѴb7-7-Ѵˆझm1†Ѵo;m|u;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;ml;mou;v v|;l-r;o7;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v;ml-|;ub-7;ru;ˆ;m1bॕm
7;ƐƔ-ोov‹Ѵ-ˆboѴ;m1b-v;Š†-Ѵķbm1b7b;m7o;m;Ѵ1†lrѴb- ‹u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;mo;v;Š_-†vঞˆoĺ
lb;m|o7;Ѵ-;‹ƐƒѵŊƏƒvo0u;;Ѵľॕ7b]or-u-;Ѵ"bv|;l- ࢙v0b;mķru;v;m|-rbm1;Ѵ-7-v7;࢙u;-v7;bm|;uˆ;m1bॕm
7;uo|;11bॕm‹Ѵov ;u;1_ov †m7-l;m|-Ѵ;v7;bोovķ 7;v-uuoѴѴ-7-v7;v7;7bvঞm|-vbmv|-m1b-vt†;1omCul-m;Ѵ
bो-v‹7oѴ;v1;m|;vĿĺvblbvloķ7;v7;;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐƑķ olb|࣐ m|;uŊbmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ  7; u;ˆ;m1bॕm 7; ;l0-u-Œo
blrѴ;l;m|-7ovruo]u-l-vruoˆbm1b-Ѵ;vĹ-ĺ;Ѵľuo]u-l- ;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹7;Ѵ-v1†-Ѵ;vv;o0|†ˆobm=oul-1bॕmĺ
=-lbѴb-v=†;u|;vĹlou‹Ѵझlb|;vĿr-u-ru;ˆ;mbuѴ-v1om7†1-
r;v-u7;Ѵ-vlিѴঞrѴ;vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;v;m;Ѵ|;l-ķѴ-ru;-
|-v7;ub;v]o;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m|u;ƐƏ‹ƐƓ-ोov7;;7-7
o1†r-1bॕmv;l-mঞ;m;ķ‹-t†;Ѵ-|-v-7;;l0-u-Œo-7o-
l;fou-m7oѴ-vu;Ѵ-1bom;vr-7u;vņl-7u;vņ|†|ou;v;_bfovķ
Ѵ;v1;m|;mo_-lov|u-7o1-l0bovvb]mbC1-ঞˆov;mѴovিѴ-
‹0ĺ;Ѵľuo]u-l-=oul-1bॕm7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;vl†ѴঞrѴb1--
ঞlov-ोovĺ";_-mb7;mঞC1-7o0u;1_-v;m;Ѵ-Ѵ1-m1;7;
7ou;vĿ r-u- ];m;u-u Ѵ-v 1olr;|;m1b-v ;m Ѵ-v ‹ Ѵov -7o-
Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-vķt†;;v7;vb]†-Ѵ-mbˆ;Ѵ|;uub|oub-ѴķѴ-7bC1†Ѵ|-7
Ѵ;v1;m|;v;m|u;ƐƏ‹ƐƖ-ोov7;;7-7r-u-Ѵ--7or1bॕm
7; Ѵ- -uঞ1†Ѵ-1bॕm bm|;u bmvঞ|†1bom-Ѵ‹ Ѵ- v;1|oub-ѴbŒ-1bॕm
7;;vঞѴov7;ˆb7-v-Ѵ†7-0Ѵ;vķ1om࣐m=-vbv;m-7t†bvb1bॕm
7;Ѵruo0Ѵ;l-ĺ v|ov†]b;u;Ѵ-m;1;vb7-77;;Š-lbm-u;Ѵ
7;_-0bѴb7-7;vr-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;1om7†1|-v7;ub;v]o
;m=ot†;ķ-Ѵ1-m1;‹u;v†Ѵ|-7o7;Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-v-1|†-Ѵ;vt†;
-vo1b-7-v-Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoķѴ-v$"ņ(‹Ѵ-ˆboѴ;m1b-ĺ
7;0;m u;vrom7;u - Ѵ- 1olrѴ;fb7-7 7;Ѵ =;mॕl;moķ t†;
mbˆ;Ѵruoˆbm1b-Ѵ‹l†mb1br-Ѵķv;_-mb7;mঞC1-7om†l;- 1olov;_-bm7b1-7o-m|;uboul;m|;ķঞ;m;u;r;u1†vbom;v
uovovruo‹;1|ov;ml-u1_-t†;v;;m=o1-m;mruoloˆ;u movoѴor-u-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;r;uo|-l0b࣐mr-u-;Ѵr-7u;
Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ-1- 0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†rubl;u_bfoņ-or-u;f-ķv†v_bfovņ-v‹v†
1;vo-v;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7-lb]-0Ѵ;vr-u-Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ ;m|oumoĺ-0;7;v|-1-ut†;l†‹ro1ovruo]u-l-v1†;m-
1olo;v;Ѵ1-vo7;Ѵovrb|-Ѵ!;]bom-Ѵ&mbˆ;uvb|-ubo uĺ |-m1om;ˆ-Ѵ†-1bom;v7;u;v†Ѵ|-7ovo7;blr-1|ovo0u;
†bv-m†;ѴoubѴѴobm]ĺ v|;ruo‹;1|oo=u;1;;v|;v;u- Ѵ-vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;vu;-ѴbŒ-7-vĺ v|;;f;u1b1bo7-uझ-Ѵovbm-
ˆb1bo;mѴ-ruoˆbm1b-7;-(;]--|u-ˆ࣐v7;!"ķ v†lov r-u- 7;|;ulbm-u vb u;t†b;u;m v;u -lrѴb-7ovķ u;-
7;Ѵ1†-Ѵv;_-m0;m;C1b-7o;m;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐѵ-Ѵu;7;7ou7; ;m=o1-7ovķ1om|-u1oml-‹ou-vb]m-1bॕmru;v†r†;v|-ub-ķ
ѶƔƔ_ol0u;v‹ƒƖƔѶl†f;u;vĺ ;m|u;o|uovĺ v|-v7;1bvbom;v1Ѵ-ˆ;ķr-u-†m;m=ot†;l࢙v
bm|;]u-Ѵ7;Ѵ|;l-ķ7;0;mu;-ѴbŒ-uv;7;ubˆ-7ov7;u;v†Ѵ|--
vblbvloķ v; ˆ;ubC1-uom bmb1b-ঞˆ-v 7;v-uuoѴѴ-7-v rou
7ov‹;ˆb7;m1b-vķt†;r†;7;mv;u];m;u-7ov-|u-ˆ࣐v7;
Ѵov_ovrb|-Ѵ;vrি0Ѵb1ovl†mb1br-Ѵ;v;mѴovt†;v;-0o]-
;ˆ-Ѵ†-1bom;vĺ
rou 0ubm7-u v;uˆb1bov 7; v-Ѵ†7 bm|;]u-Ѵ - Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m-
|;v7;v7;†m;m=ot†;7;7;u;1_ov_†l-movķbm1Ѵ†‹;m7o Conclusiones
-11bom;v7;=oul-1bॕmķbm=oul-1bॕm‹v;mvb0bѴbŒ-1bॕm1o-
Ѵl-r;o7;roѴझঞ1-vru;v;m|-7o;m;v|;1-rझ|†Ѵou;1o-
l†mb|-ub-ĺou;f;lrѴoķ;m;Ѵovrb|-Ѵ&mbˆ;uvb|-ubo--
Ѵ;1|ॕ†m-ˆ;bm|;m-7;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;vt†;-rou|-m-Ѵ-
|;umb7-7†;v|u-";ोou- ;-Ѵ|-]u-1b-v;blrѴ;l;m|-
ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-1om7b=;u;m|;vmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;-Ѵ1-m1;‹;m=o-
;Ѵruo]u-l-7;ľ|;m1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ-Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;l-
t†;ĺ-l-‹ouझ-_-;v|-7o1;m|u-7o;ml;fou-u;Ѵ-11;-
0-u-Œ-7-vĿ7;v7;;Ѵ-ोoƐƖƖƒķr-u-Ѵov0-uubovro0u;v7;
vo-Ѵovv;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7ķ;vr;1b-Ѵl;m|;Ѵov7;v-Ѵ†7
Ѵ-ruoˆbm1b-7;"-m|o olbm]oķ0;m;C1b࢙m7ov;1-vb7b;Œ
v;Š†-Ѵ ‹ u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ -vझ 1olo ;m Ѵ- blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm
lbѴl†f;u;v;m;Ѵ-ोoƑƏƐѵŐƖķƔƒƖl†f;u;vőĺ
7;-11bom;v7;ru;ˆ;m1bॕm-|u-ˆ࣐v7;;7†1-1bॕmķv;m-

CAPÍTULO 4 131
POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS EXISTENTES

Recuadro 17
PROGRAMA JUVENTUD Y EMPLEO DEL MINISTERIO DE TRABAJO DE LA REPÚBLICA
DOMINICANA

Ѵuo]u-l-†ˆ;m|†7‹ lrѴ;o;v†m-bmb- - ƑķƑƑƕ l†f;u;v ;m|u; Ɛѵ‹ ƑƖ -ोov v;Ѵ;1- t†; †ˆ;m|†7 ‹ lrѴ;o ঞ;m; †m blr-1|o
1b-ঞˆ- 7;Ѵ bmbv|;ubo 7; $u-0-fo t†; ঞ;m; 1bom-7ov7;†mu;]bv|uo7;ƐƏķƒƏƖfॕˆ;m;v vb]mbC1-ঞˆo r-u- Ѵ-v l†f;u;v voѴ|;u-v t†;
1olo o0f;ঞˆo l;fou-u Ѵ- ;lrѴ;-0bѴb7-7 7; ;Ѵ;]b0Ѵ;vĺ &m |;u1bo 7; ;v|; ]u†ro 1ouu;v- -িmmovoml-7u;vķ‹ঞ;m;†muoѴruo|;1|ou
Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmfoˆ;m7;0-fovbm]u;vovķ;mvb- rom7झ--l†f;u;v‹-;l0-u-Œ-7-vot†;Ѵo para las adolescentes con niveles modera-
|†-1bॕm7;ub;v]ovo1b-Ѵķ-|u-ˆ࣐v7;†m-1-- _-0झ-m;v|-7o-Ѵlol;m|o7;r-uঞ1br-u;m 7ov 7; -†|o;vঞl- ru;ˆbo - Ѵ- bm|;uˆ;m1bॕm
r-1b|-1bॕm Ѵ-0ou-Ѵ |;ॕub1oŊru࢙1ঞ1- ;m v-Ѵ-v †m-;m1†;v|-7;v;]†blb;m|oĺov-†|ou;vv; del programa y para aquellas que provienen
de clases y una primera experiencia laboral propusieron explorar los mecanismos a tra- 7;_o]-u;vl࢙vro0u;vĺ Ѵ;v|†7bo1om1Ѵ†‹;
l;7b-m|;r-v-mঠ-v;m;lru;v-vĺ-ro0Ѵ-- ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ1†-Ѵ;Ѵruo]u-l-r†7obm1b7bu;mѴ-v 1om†m-v;ub;7;u;1ol;m7-1bom;v7;roѴझঞ-
1bॕm o0f;ঞˆo 7;Ѵ ruo]u-l- vom fॕˆ;m;v 7; ruo0-0bѴb7-7;v7;;l0-u-Œo7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm 1-u;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;vĹ
Ɛѵ - ƑƖ -ोov 7;v;lrѴ;-7ovķ v†0;lrѴ;-- o0f;ঞˆoķ-vझ1olo;vঞl-uѴov;=;1|ovvbl†Ѵ- - Las adolescentes con altos niveles de au-
7ov o bm-1ঞˆovķ t†; mo _-m 1olrѴ;|-7o Ѵ- táneos de Juventud y Empleo en las compe- |o;vঞl- ‹ l;fou;v _-0bѴb7-7;v bm|;ur;u-
;7†1-1bॕmv;1†m7-ub-‹v;;m1†;m|u-m=†;u- tencias interpersonales de las adolescentes, vom-Ѵ;v‹t†;ঞ;m;ml-‹ou;v;vr;u-mŒ-v
7;Ѵvbv|;l-;7†1-ঞˆo=oul-Ѵĸ7;0;mr;u|;- -vझ1oloѴ--vo1b-1bॕm7;Ѵruo]u-l-1omѴ- 1om u;Ѵ-1bॕm -Ѵ =†|†uo ঞ;m;m †m- l-‹ou
m;1;uķ -7;l࢙vķ - v;1|ou;v ;m vb|†-1bॕm 7; r-|;umb7-7f†ˆ;mbѴĺ ruor;mvbॕm-rovrom;u;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ
ro0u;Œ-1ĺovo0f;ঞˆov;vr;1झC1ov7;Ѵruo-
ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov 7; Ѵ- ;ˆ-Ѵ†-1bॕm l†;v|u-m - Los programas que incluyen entrena-
]u-l-vomĹ
que el programa reduce la probabilidad de lb;m|o ;m _-0bѴb7-7;v bm|;ur;uvom-Ѵ;v
- Aumentar las posibilidades de empleo de
†m;l0-u-Œo;m-Ѵu;7;7ou7;ƒr†m|ovrou- pueden cambiar no solo aquellas que
Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm7;l;movbm]u;vovĺ
centuales para todas las mujeres, pero que son necesarias para tener un mejor des-
Ŋ rou|-ul-mo7;o0u-foˆ;m1-ѴbC1-7-ĺ ;v|;blr-1|omo;v;v|-7झvঞ1-l;m|;vb]mbC- empeño en el mercado laboral, sino que

- Incrementar el desarrollo de currículos 1-ঞˆoĺ"bm;l0-u]oķѴov;=;1|ovvoml†1_o bm1u;l;m|-m Ѵ- -†|o1omC-mŒ- ‹ Ѵ-v ;Š-

t†;v;-mr;uঞm;m|;v-Ѵv;1|ouruo7†1ঞˆoĺ l-‹ou;v ‹ ;v|-7झvঞ1-l;m|; vb]mbC1-ঞˆov r;1|-ঞˆ-v7;=†|†uoĺ


r-u- Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;m|u; Ɛѵ ‹ ƐƖ -ोovķ
Ŋ ou|-Ѵ;1;uѴ-u;Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵv;1|ou;lru;v-- v|; ঞro 7; ruo]u-l-v 7;vbm1;mঞˆ- ;Ѵ ;l-
1om†m-u;7†11bॕm;mѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;†m
ub-ѴŊmvঞ|†|ov7;-r-1b|-1bॕmĺ 0-u-Œo ;m †m- ;|-r- |;lru-m- rou ;Ѵ 1ov|o
;l0-u-Œo7;ƑƏѷĺ
de oportunidad que representa y puede in-
Ŋ oul-1bॕm o1†r-1bom-Ѵ 7; lbѴ;v 7; fॕ-
El estudio señala en sus conclusiones que el 1b7bu ;m Ѵ- 7;1bvbॕm 7; Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;v 7;
ˆ;m;vĺ
ruo]u-l-l;fou-Ѵ-v_-0bѴb7-7;vbm|;ur;uvo- rov|;u]-uѴoĺ m 1om|;Š|ov 7; -Ѵ|-v |-v-v 7;
mƑƏƐƔ2;Ѵ-m1om|;u-l;ub1-mo7; ;v-- m-Ѵ;v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vfॕˆ;m;v‹v†v;Šr;1|-- ;l0u-Œoķbmb1b-ঞˆ-v1olo†ˆ;m|†7‹ lrѴ;o
uuoѴѴor†0Ѵb1ॕ†m-;ˆ-Ѵ†-1bॕm7;blr-1|o7;Ѵ ঞˆ-v7;=†|†uoĺov;=;1|ov7;Ѵruo]u-l-- r†;7;|;m;uu;v†Ѵ|-7ovrovbঞˆov;mѴ-|-v-7;
ruo]u-l-ĺov7-|ov†ঞѴbŒ-7ovrou;Ѵ;v|†7bo |u-ˆ࣐v 7; ;vov l;1-mbvlov mo vom _olo- ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹ķrou;m7;ķ;mѴov
1ouu;vrom7b;uom - †m- ;m|u;ˆbv|- u;-ѴbŒ-7- ]࣐m;ovĺ m r-uঞ1†Ѵ-uķ Ѵov _-ѴѴ-Œ]ov bm7b1-m bm7b1-7ou;v7;Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵĺ

1
 (;uĹ_‚rĹņņ‰‰‰ĺlbmbv|;ubo7;|u-0-foĺ]o0ĺ7oņbm7;Šĺr_rņ7;r;m7;m1b-vŊl|ņ7bu;11bomŊ];m;u-ѴŊ7;Ŋ;lrѴ;oņf†ˆ;m|†7Ŋ‹Ŋ;lrѴ;o
2
 ƑƏƐƔķ )ouhbm]-r;u";ub;voĺ Ŋ)ŊѵѵƏĺ!-=-;Ѵoˆ;ѴѴ--m7-†u-!br-mbĹu;+o†Őo|ő Šr;1ঞm]ĵ$_;&m=ouv;;m;m;C|vo=o0$u-bmbm]om$;;m-];
u;]m-m1‹ĺ

132 CAPÍTULO 4
PARA LA PREVENCIÓN DEL EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE

vb0bѴbŒ-1bॕmķ 1ol†mb1-1bॕm‹ 1_-uѴ-v loঞˆ-1bom-Ѵ;vĺ "; r;ulbঞuझ-ruo=†m7bŒ-u;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv;m|oumo-Ѵovu;1†uvov


Ѵbv|-uom|-l0b࣐mo|uovruo]u-l-v1†‹o;m=ot†;bm1Ѵ†‹; m;1;v-ubov‹;Ѵblr-1|o‹;=;1ঞˆb7-77;Ѵovruo]u-l-v
-11bom;vr-u-rov|;u]-u†mv;]†m7o;l0-u-Œoĺ ;Šbv|;m|;vĺ

ov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov 7; ;v|ov ;v=†;uŒov ;ˆb7;m1b-m u;v†Ѵ|-- m ;v|; 1om|;Š|oķ v; _-1; m;1;v-ubo ;Ѵ =ou|-Ѵ;1blb;m-
7ovblrou|-m|;v;m|࣐ulbmov7;1oou7bm-1bॕmbm|;ubmv- |o 7; Ѵ-v roѴझঞ1-v rি0Ѵb1-v ;Šbv|;m|;v ‹ ;Ѵ 7bv;ोo 7;
ঞ|†1bom-Ѵ‹lomb|ou;ot†;7;0;m1omঞm†-u‹=ou|-Ѵ;- m†;ˆ-v -11bom;v =oul†Ѵ-7-v 7;v7; †m-  r;uvr;1ঞˆ-
1;uv;ķrou;f;lrѴoķ7;1-u--Ѵm†;ˆoѴ-m-1bom-Ѵ7; l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķ t†; |ol; ;m 1†;m|- 7b=;u;m|;v lo-
u;ˆ;m1bॕm7;Ѵ l0-u-Œo7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ"bm;l0-u]oķv; l;m|ov7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-7;ѴovņѴ-vfॕˆ;m;vĺ v|oblrѴb1-
o0v;uˆ-m-Ѵ]†m-v0u;1_-v7;orou|†mb7-7;m|࣐ulbmov roѴझঞ1-v rি0Ѵb1-v ;=;1ঞˆ-v t†; u;7†Œ1-m Ѵ-v 7;vb]†-Ѵ-
7;Ĺbm1u;l;m|o7;Ѵ-Ѵ1-m1;Ő;m;Ѵmিl;uo7;0;m;C1b-- 7-7;vt†;;m=u;m|-mѴ-vro0Ѵ-1bom;vˆ†Ѵm;u-0Ѵ;v7;v7;
ubovőķ-vb]m-1bॕmru;v†r†;v|-ub-ķ1-Ѵb7-7‹7bvromb0bѴb7-7 Ѵ-bm=-m1b-ķt†;r;ulbঞuझ-ml;fou;v1om7b1bom;v;mѴ-v
7; Ѵ- bm=oul-1bॕm ‹ v;uˆb1bov u;1b0b7ovķ ; bm1Ѵ†vbॕm 7; ;|-r-v 7;ˆb7- vb]†b;m|;vĺ m -7b1bॕmķ v; u;t†b;u;m bm-
†m;m=ot†;l࢙v-lrѴbot†;-0ou7;7;=oul-;ŠrѴझ1b|- |;uˆ;m1bom;voub;m|-7-vrou†mѴ-7oķ-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm7;
|-m|o r-u- ;Ѵ ࢙l0b|o 7; Ѵ- ru;ˆ;m1bॕm Ő;Š -m|;ő 1olo Ѵov;l0-u-Œov-7oѴ;v1;m|;v7;v7;Ѵ-ru;Ŋ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĸ
r-u-Ѵ--|;m1bॕm Ő;Šrov|őĺ v|-vѴblb|-1bom;v v;ˆb;uom ‹rouo|uoѴ-7oķroѴझঞ1-v7;-|;m1bॕm‹-ro‹or-u-Ѵ-
u;Y;f-7-v;mѴovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov1†-mঞ|-ঞˆov‹1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆov 1omv|u†11bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v‹-11;vo-orou|†mb7-7;v
7;;v|;bm=oul;ĺ ;m;Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵr-u-fॕˆ;m;vt†;‹-;Šr;ubl;m|--
uom;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m;|-r-|;lru-m-ĺ-1ol0bm-1bॕm7;
$-l0b࣐m1om|-u1ombm=oul-1bॕm7;v-]u;]-7-‹-1|†--
;v|-vroѴझঞ1-v1om|ub0†buझ---0ou7-uѴ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-;m
ѴbŒ-7-7bu;1|-l;m|;u;Ѵ-1bom-7-1omѴovruo]u-l-vt†;
v†v7b=;u;m|;v|;lrou-Ѵb7-7;vĺ
1om|ub0†‹-m-Ѵ-u;7†11bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;

CAPÍTULO 4 133
߈$&Ɣ

߈$"+ "$!$ "


MULTIDIMENSIONALES PARA
ENFRENTAR EL EMBARAZO EN
ADOLESCENTES
HACIA POLÍTICAS Y ESTRATEGIAS MULTIDIMENSIONALES

Este Informe parte de la premisa básica del desarrollo hu- Ŋ ov_o]-u;v1oml†f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom7;vr†࣐v


l-mot†;rѴ-m|;-t†;;Ѵ0b;m;v|-u;vl†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵĺ 7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ru;v;m|-ml;fou;v1om7b1bom;vvo-
ou|-m|oķѴ-vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;vr-u--Ѵ1-mŒ-uѴo7;0;mv;ubm- 1bo;1omॕlb1-v t†; Ѵov _o]-u;v 1om l†f;u;v t†; v;
|;]u-Ѵ;vĺ-v7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v‹Ѵ-v;Š1Ѵ†vbom;vu;ru;v;m|-m ;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
o0v|࢙1†Ѵovr-u-;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo;m!;rি0Ѵb1- o-
Ŋ -l†f;ut†;v;;l0-u-Œ-l࢙v|-u7;bm]u;v-l࢙v=࢙1bѴ-
lbmb1-m-ĺ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
l;m|;-Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;1omॕlb1-l;m|;-1ঞˆ-ķঞ;m7;-
v;1omvঞ|†‹;;m†m-7;v†vrubm1br-Ѵ;vl-mb=;v|-1bom;vĺ
1-v-uv;1om†m-r;uvom-1oml-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ;7†1-ঞˆo‹
mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-Ѵķ;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ru;v;m|-l-- u;vb7;;m†m_o]-u1oml-‹ou1-mঞ7-77;r;u1;r|ou;v
‹ou;v |-v-v 7; bm1b7;m1b- ;m Ѵ-v ࢙u;-v ];o]u࢙C1-v 7; 7;bm]u;vovrou|-l-ोo7;Ѵ_o]-uĺ
l;mou 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo ‹ l-‹ou ro0u;Œ-ĺ m ;=;1|oķ
Ŋ ";u;]bv|u-†m-u;Ѵ-1bॕmvb]mbC1-ঞˆ-;m|u;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
Ѵ-v 1b=u-v r-u- ;Ѵ r-झv v;ो-Ѵ-m t†; ;v †m =;mॕl;mo ঠ-
-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹Ѵ-v†mbom;v|;lru-m-vĺ
rb1o7;Ѵov;v|u-|ovvo1bo;1omॕlb1ov0-fovķt†;r†;7;
ruo=†m7bŒ-uvb|†-1bom;v7;rubˆ-1bॕm‹ro0u;Œ-ķ‹Ѵblb|-u Ŋ mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm=oul-Ѵķ;Ѵ;v|†7bou;rou|-
Ѵ-v orou|†mb7-7;v 7; 7;v-uuoѴѴo _†l-mo =†|†uo 7; Ѵ-vņ t†;Ѵ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vঞ;m;m†m-l-‹ouruo0--
Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ v†m=;mॕl;mot†;ru;v;m|-|-v-v7; 0bѴb7-77;-0-m7om-uѴov;v|†7bov7;0b7o-Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ
bm1b7;m1b-t†;v†r;u-m;Ѵruol;7bo7;Ѵovr-झv;v7;7;-
Ŋ -bmb1b-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vu;Ѵ-1bom;vv;Š†-Ѵ;v-1-7-ˆ;Œl࢙v
v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo-Ѵ|oķ1omr-|uom;vvblbѴ-u;v-r-झv;v7;
temprana edad incide en una mayor fecundidad en
0-fo7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moķ1†‹-1-|;]ouझ-_-vb7ov†r;u-7-
adolescentes, con repercusiones importantes por las
rou;Ѵr-झvĺovѴo]uov;ml-|;ub-7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo
7࣐0bѴ;v1-r-1b7-7;v1omv|u†b7-vķѴ-;v1-v;Œ7;1omo1b-
;m ;Ѵ r-झvķ rou |-m|oķ vom =u࢙]bѴ;vķ 1om rovb0bѴb7-7;v 7;
lb;m|oķ7;-11;vo-bm=oul-1bॕm-7;1†-7-‹7;l࣐|o-
u;ˆ;uঞuv;vo0u;|o7o-Ѵobm|;umo7;Ѵov|;uub|oubov7om7;
7ov-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovĺ
Ѵ-7bv|ub0†1bॕm7;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mo;vl࢙v7;vb]†-Ѵĺ
- Las limitaciones en materia de desarrollo humano por
r-uঞu7;†m-m࢙Ѵbvbv-ruo=†m7b7-7Ŋt†;bm1Ѵ†‹;|-m|o
;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;;ˆb7;m1b-mķmovoѴo;mѴ-
1-†v-v1olo1omv;1†;m1b-v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ŋ
foˆ;m -7oѴ;v1;m|; vbmo |-l0b࣐m ;m Ѵov r-7u;v 7; Ѵ-
v;_-m;vঞl-7oѴ-vr࣐u7b7-v;m7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mot†;
foˆ;mķ;m;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†v_bfovņ-v‹;mv†v
v;ruo7†1;mrou7b1_o;ˆ;m|o‹t†;Ѵ;vbom-mѴ-vorou|†-
ruorbov_bfovņ-vĺ
mb7-7;v7;ruo]u;vo-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺ Ѵ7o1†-
l;m|o_-ruo7†1b7o;ˆb7;m1b-v1om†m-ˆbvbॕm_oѴझvঞ1-ķ Ŋ Ѵ 1olr-u-u Ѵ- vb|†-1bॕm 7; Ѵ-v l†f;u;v t†; =†;uom
t†;bm1Ѵ†‹;†m1omf†m|o7;ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v;bm7b1-7ou;vr-u- l-7u;v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-1om-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;Ѵorovr†-
bm7-]-uvo0u;Ѵ-vr;uvr;1ঞˆ-v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-momo sieron para otra etapa posterior, se registran diferen-
voѴo7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;vķvbmo|-l0b࣐m7;v†vr-7u;v‹l-7u;vķ 1b-v vb]mbC1-ঞˆ-v ;m ࢙u;-v 1Ѵ-ˆ;v 7;Ѵ 0b;m;v|-uĺ v|-
7;Ѵovr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;v†v_bfovņ-vķ7;v†;m|oumo‹ diferencia, o efecto neto es el costo de oportunidad
7;v†1ol†mb7-7ĺ 7; t†;7-u ;l0-u-Œ-7- ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ m Ѵov
entornos estudiados en este informe, este costo de
mbˆ;Ѵ];m;u-ѴķѴ-v;ˆb7;m1b-vu;1-0-7-vrou;Ѵm=oul;
orou|†mb7-7;v-Ѵ|oĺ
bm7b1-mt†;Ĺ

136 CAPÍTULO 5
PARA ENFRENTAR EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

Ŋ ov_bfovņ-v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;l0-u-Œ-7-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v bm=-mঞѴ;vķ]†-u7;uझ-vķl;fou;v1झu1†Ѵov7;-ro‹oőķ_†-
ঞ;m;m†m-rovb0bѴb7-77;=-ѴѴ;1blb;m|obm=-mঞѴƒĺƖˆ;- 0b;v;mu;|ol-7ov†v;v|†7bov-m|;vĺ
1;vv†r;ubou-Ѵt†;ঞ;m;mѴovņ-v_bfovņ-v7;-t†;ѴѴ-v
Ŋ -l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v;m|u;ˆbv|-7-v-7lb|;t†;v†
1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œo=†;rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
ˆb7- 1-l0bॕ |u-v ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ _-1b;m7o
Ŋ -foˆ;mt†;;Šr;ubl;m|ॕ†mrubl;u;l0-u-Œo;mѴ- u;=;u;m1b-ķ-Ѵ-r࣐u7b7-7;Ѵb0;u|-7;vr-u-7bˆ;uঞuv;ķ-
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ঞ;m;l;movrovb0bѴb7-7;v7;|;m;u-1- 7;f-uѴov;v|†7bovķ‹-Ѵ-u;vromv-0bѴb7-7t†;u;ru;v;m-
1;vo-Ѵ-v$vķ;m1olr-u-1bॕm1omѴ-l†f;ut†;v; |-Ѵ-1ub-|†u-ĺ
;l0-u-Œॕ-†m-;7-7rov|;ubou-Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
Ŋ -vfॕˆ;m;v;Šru;v-uomt†;Ѵ-ˆboѴ;m1b-rour-u|;7;
Ŋ -r;u1;r1bॕm7;bmv;]†ub7-7-Ѵbl;m|-ub-7;Ѵ1omf†m|o v†r-u;f-o7;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†rubl;u_bfoņ-v;
=-lbѴb-uu;]bv|u-†mrou1;m|-f;l-‹ou;m;Ѵ]u†ro7; l-mbC;v|- 1om l-mbr†Ѵ-1bॕm ;lo1bom-Ѵ ‹ ˆboѴ;m1b-
l†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ-;|-r--7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ†m- ˆ;u0-Ѵĺ
t†; ;v †m- ru;o1†r-1bॕm ru;v;m|; ;m|u; Ѵ-v l-7u;v
Ŋ ovuoѴ;v7;]࣐m;uo|u-7b1bom-Ѵ;vv;|u-vr-v-m7;];-
7;;l0-u-Œorov|;ubouķu;rou|-†mrou1;m|-f;l;mouĺ
m;u-1bॕm-];m;u-1bॕmĸѴ-vl-7u;vՋ-0†;Ѵ-vķঠ-vķ_;u-
Ŋ ;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7;lo]u࢙C1-ķ;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ- l-m-vővomѴ-vt†;v†;Ѵ;m;v|-uru;v;m|;v‹-ro‹-u-
adolescencia afecta la fecundidad global, con espacios Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;7†u-m|;‹7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ
bm|;uŊ];m࣐vb1ov1ou|ov‹†m-l-‹ou1-mঞ7-77;_bfov;
- Los sueños y aspiraciones más comunes para el fu-
_bf-vķѴot†;ru;7bvrom;-ub;v]ov7;v-Ѵ†7-=†|†uo7;
turo son tener una casa propia, conseguir un buen
Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;t†;;Šr;ubl;m|-;l0-u-Œoĺ
|u-0-foķ|;m;u†mm;]o1boruorboķ‹|;ulbm-uѴov;v-
Ŋ m|u;ѴovņѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-7ovņ-vv;u;1omo1;t†;;Šbv|; |†7bovĺ
bm=oul-1bॕmķr;uvom-vķ;mঞ7-7;v‹_;uu-lb;m|-vt†;
Ŋ -vr-u;f-v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v1om;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v-
o=u;1;moub;m|-1bom;v;ml-|;ub-7;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;-
1;m1b- -Ѵ1-mŒ-uom †m mbˆ;Ѵ ;7†1-ঞˆo l;mou t†; Ѵ-v
ruo7†1ঞˆ-ĺ"b0b;mѴ-l-‹ouझ-bm7b1-_-0;uu;1b0b7o-Ѵ-
7;-t†;ѴѴ-v1†‹orubl;u;l0-u-Œo=†;rov|;ubouĺ v|;
]িmmbˆ;Ѵ7;;7†1-1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵķ_-‹7;0bѴb7-7;vblrou-
u;v†Ѵ|-7o |-l0b࣐m v; ;ˆb7;m1b- ;m Ѵ- vb|†-1bॕm ;1o-
tantes en la calidad y frecuencia de acceso a la misma,
mॕlb1-ķ;mѴ-vu;vromv-0bѴb7-7;vr-|;um-vŐ1ub-mŒ-‹
-7;l࢙v 7; Ѵ- 7bvromb0bѴb7-7‹ -11;vo - Ѵov l࣐|o7ov
;7†1-1bॕm7;Ѵovmbोovőķ;m|u;o|u-vĺ
-mঞ1om1;rঞˆov‹7;rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm=-lbѴb-uķ‹v;uˆb1bov
7;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ĺ Ŋ l-‹ou;7-77;Ѵ-rubl;u-†mbॕm7;Ѵ-l-7u;7;Ѵ-
foˆ;m -7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ l;mou ;v Ѵ- ruo0-0bѴb7-7 7; t†;
Ŋ -vfॕˆ;m;v;l0-u-Œ-7-v7;m|uo7;Ѵ-l†;v|u-ķl--
࣐v|-;Šr;ubl;m|;†m;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
mbC;v|-m_-0;u;Šr;ubl;m|-7o7bv1ublbm-1bॕm;mѴov
;m|oumov;7†1-ঞˆovķ=-lbѴb-u;v‹7;v†1ol†mb7-7ĺ Ŋ l-‹ou;7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œo7;Ѵ-l-7u;7;Ѵ-
foˆ;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;ķl;mou;vѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;t†;
Ŋ vblbvloķѴ-l-‹ouझ-7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v-Cul-t†;vb_†-
࣐v|-;Šr;ubl;m|;†m;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
0b;v;m|;mb7o-‹†7-r-u-1†b7-u-Ѵ-1ub-|†u-Ő;v|-m1b-v

CAPÍTULO 5 137
HACIA POLÍTICAS Y ESTRATEGIAS MULTIDIMENSIONALES

Recuadro 18
!+ ࠎƑƏƑƔ "$""  &      " $ "

$"" "$ "  !$     " $ "ҐƐƔ҃ƐƖґ

2015-2020 2020-2025
150

101 97
100 95 93
88 89

61
55
50 40 36

0
República l࣐ub1--|bm- África Países de Países de
Dominicana ‹ Ѵ-ub0; "†0Ŋ"-_-ub-m- Renta Media !;m|--f-

†;m|;Ĺ bˆbvbॕm7; v|-7झvঞ1-v7;Ѵ ;r-u|-l;m|o7;v†m|ov 1omॕlb1ov7;-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

 r;v-u 7; t†; Ѵ-v ;vঞl-1bom;v 7; Ѵ- |-v- 7; =;1†m7b7-7 -ঞm-‹ Ѵ -ub0; -Ѵ lbvlo r;ubo7oķ v†r;u࢙m7oѴ- ;m ѵƏѷĺ
;m -7oѴ;v1;m|;v v†]b;u;m †m- |;m7;m1b- _-1b- Ѵ- 7bvlbm†- 7b1bom-Ѵl;m|;ķѴ-v;vঞl-1bom;vbm7b1-mt†;Ѵovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov
1bॕmķ mo 7;f- 7; ѴѴ-l-u Ѵ- -|;m1bॕm Ѵ- l-]mb|†7 7; Ѵ- |-v- r-u-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-]†-u7-m†m-l-‹ouv;l;f-mŒ-
r-u- !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m- ;m 1olr-u-1bॕm 1om ;Ѵ u;v|o 1omѴ-vruo‹;11bom;v7;Ѵovr-झv;v7;u;m|-0-f-‹7;Ѵ‫=ܬ‬ub1-
7; Ѵ- u;]bॕmĺ  m ;=;1|oķ -†m 1†-m7o v; ru;ˆ࣐ t†; Ѵ- |-v- "†0Ŋ"-_-ub-m-ķ-†m1†-m7o;Ѵr-झv;v1omvb7;u-7o1olo†m-
7bvlbm†‹-ƕr†m|ov-ƑƏƑƔķvb|†࢙m7ov;;mѶѶm-1blb;m|ov m-1bॕm7;u;m|-l;7b-Ő-ƑƏƑƔѴ-|-v-7;Ѵr-झvv;u࢙ƐĺƓˆ;1;v

rou1-7-lbѴl†f;u;v;m|u;ƐƔ‹ƐƖ-ोovķ;v|;bm7b1-7ou7bv- v†r;ubout†;Ѵ-7;Ѵovr-झv;v7;v†]u†ro7;bm]u;vovőĺ

|- 1omvb7;u-0Ѵ;l;m|; 7; Ѵ- |-v- ruo‹;1|-7- r-u- l࣐ub1-

!;1ol;m7-1bom;v7;roѴझঞ1-v
-u-Ѵo]u-u|u-mv=oul-1bom;vvb]mbC1-ঞˆ-v;mѴ-vˆb7-v7;
ļ"b_-1;ul޳v7;Ѳolbvlomor;ulb|;;Š|;m7;u
Ѵ-vņѴovfॕˆ;m;vķv†v=-lbѴb-v‹v†v;m|oumovv;u;t†b;u;bu
ѲovѲo]uov-Ѳ1-mŒ-7ov_-1b-ѲovlbѲѲom;v7;r;u-
l࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵot†;_-v|--_ou-v;_-u;-ѴbŒ-7oĺ࢙v7;Ѵo
vom-vt†;mov;_-mˆbv|o0;m;C1b-7-vrouѲ-
lbvlomo;vvov|;mb0Ѵ;rout†;mo]-u-mঞŒ-u;v†Ѵ|-7ov
transformación social y económica que se pro- 7bvঞm|ovĺ";_-1;m;1;v-ubo†m-1ol0bm-1bॕm7;roѴझঞ-
7†fo;mѲ-u;]bࡱm;m;Ѳr;u࠸o7o1olru;m7b7o7; 1-voub;m|-7-v-Ѵ1b;uu;7;Ѵ-v0u;1_-vvo1b-Ѵ;v‹;1omॕ-
ƏƍƍƐ-ƏƍƎƐĶѽrou7ࡱm7;;lr;Œ-ur-u-_-1;u lb1-v1om-t†;ѴѴ-vt†;uolr-m;Ѵ1झu1†Ѵo7;;Š1Ѵ†vbom;vĺ
Ѳ-v1ov-v7;l-m;u-7bvࢼm|-Ĵ m7;Cmbঞˆ-ķl࢙v7;Ѵolbvlo7;0;7-ur-vo-†m-m†;-
ˆ--ut†b|;1|†u-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ0-v-7-;m;ˆb7;m1b-v‹
Ŋm=oul;!;]bom-Ѵ7; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moƑƏƐѵĺ
-f†v|-7--Ѵ-u;-Ѵb7-77;Ѵov1om|;Š|ovѴo1-Ѵ;vĺ

138 CAPÍTULO 5
PARA ENFRENTAR EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

 1omঞm†-1bॕm v; ruorom;m |u;v Ѵझm;-v 7; -11bॕm t†;


-]u†r-m bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v r-u- -=uom|-u ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo -7o- ޳v7;Ѳolbvlomo;vvov|;mb0Ѳ;
Ѵ;v1;m|;‹v†vblr-1|ovĹbőu;vr†;v|-vl†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ;v rout†;mo]-u-mࢼŒ-u;v†Ѳ|-7ov
;m;Ѵl-u1o7;Ѵ--];m7-ƑƏƒƏķbbő-ut†b|;1|†u-7;roѴझঞ-
1-vrি0Ѵb1-vbm|;]u-Ѵ;v‹bbbő]u†ro7;l;7b7-voľ1ol0ovĿ
7bvࢼm|ovĸ
|;uub|oub-Ѵ;vĺ v|o 1omѴѴ;ˆ- |-m|o †m- l;fou -uঞ1†Ѵ-1bॕm
7;Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-v;Šbv|;m|;v1olo;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;m†;ˆ-v Ŋ !;t†b;u;Ѵ-1oou7bm-1bॕm;v|u;1_--mbˆ;ѴѴo1-Ѵ7;Ѵ-v
bm|;uˆ;m1bom;vĺ 7bvঞm|-vv;1|oub-Ѵ;vt†;bm1b7;m;m;Ѵ|;l-ĺ

Ŋ uol†;ˆ;roѴझঞ1-vbm|;]u-Ѵ;vt†;bm1Ѵ†‹;mѴ-=-lbѴb-ķ
bő !;vr†;v|-vl†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ;vr-u-Ѵ-];m7- Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-ķѴ-r-u;f-7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;ķѴov;vr-1bovѴ--
ƑƏƒƏ 0ou-Ѵ;vķ;m|u;o|uovĺ

†-Ѵt†b;uu;vr†;v|--Ѵ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-7;;l0-u-Œo-7o- Ŋ ol;m|- Ѵ- 1omv|u†11bॕm 7; u;vbѴb;m1b- -m|; rovb0Ѵ;v


Ѵ;v1;m|;r-v-rouu;1omo1;u;Ѵm†;ˆo1omf†m|o7;bmv|u†- 1_ot†;v;Š|;umovĺ
l;m|ovbm|;]u-Ѵ;vķ†mbˆ;uv-Ѵ;v;bm1Ѵ†‹;m|;vruorou1bom--
Ŋ 0o]-rou†ml-u1oѴ;]-Ѵ1o_;u;m|;‹0-v-7o;m7;-
7-vrouѴ-];m7-ƑƏƒƏ-mbˆ;Ѵ]Ѵo0-Ѵĺ-];m7-ƑƏƒƏ
u;1_ovĺ
r-u-;Ѵ ;v-uuoѴѴo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;ŌѴ-rubl;u--];m7-]Ѵo0-Ѵ
vblbvloķ;v|-ˆbvbॕmu;t†b;u;7;bmˆ;uvbom;vorou|†m-v
7;7;v-uuoѴѴoŌ1omvঞ|†‹;†m-1†;u7o_bv|ॕub1oķCul-7o
- Ѵo Ѵ-u]o 7;Ѵ 1b1Ѵo 7;ˆb7-ĺ -u- v;]l;m|ov l࢙v v;mvb-
rouƐƖƒ v|-7ovb;l0uov;mv;rঞ;l0u;7;ƑƏƐƔķr-u-
0Ѵ;v1oloѴovmbोovņ-v‹Ѵ-vņov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķv;u;t†b;u;
|u-|-uѴ-v7bl;mvbom;v;1omॕlb1-vķvo1b-Ѵ;v‹-l0b;m|-Ѵ;v
|-l0b࣐mѴo]u-u†m-l;fouvbm1uomझ-97;mѴ-bmˆ;uvbॕmvo1b-Ѵ
7;Ѵ 7;v-uuoѴѴoĺ ov  " 7-m =oul- 1om1u;|- -Ѵ 7;v-ࣱo
7;v7;;Ѵ v|-7oĺ$-l0b࣐mu;t†b;u;;lr†f-uѴ-v0-uu;u-v
7;|u-mvb|-u7;v7;†m;m=ot†;0-v-7o;m;Ѵ1u;1blb;m|o
7; Ѵ-v roѴझঞ1-v r-u- t†; v;-m l࢙v -0-u1-7ou-vķ ;vr;-
;1omॕlb1o‹;Ѵbm]u;vo_-1b-†m;m=ot†;bm|;]u-Ѵt†;bm-
1b-ѴbŒ-7-v‹l;mov];m;u-Ѵ;v‹-|;lrou-Ѵ;vĺ m-7b1bॕmķ
1Ѵ†‹-Ѵ-vlিѴঞrѴ;v7bl;mvbom;vt†;7b0†f-m;Ѵ0b;m;v|-u
bmˆ;uঞu;mѴ-1u;-1bॕm7;1-r-1b7-7;v7;v7;Ѵ-|;lru-m-
7;Ѵ-vr;uvom-vĺ
;7-7u;r;u1†|;;m†ml;fou7;v-uuoѴѴo1o]mbঞˆoķ-=;1ঞ-
Ѵ ;m=ot†; l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ r-u- -0ou7-u ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ˆoķvo1b-Ѵ‹7;l-7†u-1bॕm;lo1bom-Ѵķt†;1om|ub0†‹;-
;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;vr-u|;7;Ѵ-vvb]†b;m|;v1omvb7;u-1bom;vĹ l;fou-uѴ-vrovb0bѴb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ

Ŋ ";0-v-;m;Ѵr-u-7b]l-7;7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ -ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-7;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;;m1†;m|u-
;mѴ-bm|;uv;11bॕm7;lিѴঞrѴ;v7bl;mvbom;v7;orou|†-
Ŋ ";v†v|;m|-;m;ˆb7;m1b-vĺ
mb7-7;v‹1-u;m1b-vĹ7;v7;1om7b1bom-m|;v;v|u†1|†u-Ѵ;v
Ŋ uol†;ˆ;Ѵ-=o1-ѴbŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-v‹ruo]u-l-vķ Őro0u;Œ-ķŒom-7;u;vb7;m1b-ķo=;u|-;7†1-ঞˆ-ő_-v|-7b-
‹=ou|-Ѵ;1;Ѵ-r-uঞ1br-1bॕm7;Ѵov]o0b;umovѴo1-Ѵ;v;m m࢙lb1-v;mv†;m|oumo1;u1-moŐ1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v=-lbѴb--
Ѵ-|ol-7;7;1bvbom;v‹Ѵ-;f;1†1bॕm7;Ѵ-vbmb1b-ঞˆ-vĺ u;vķѴ-;7-77;Ѵrubl;u1om|-1|ov;Š†-Ѵ‹;7-77;rubl;u

97
 "bm1uomझ-v;u;C;u;-l-‹ou;vmbˆ;Ѵ;7;bmˆ;uvbॕm;m;|-r-v;mѴov1b1Ѵov7;ˆb7-7;l-‹ouub;v]o1om;Ѵo0f;ঞˆo7;o0|;m;u]-m-m1b-v;m;|-r-vrov|;ubou;vķ
];m;u-m7ol-‹ou;t†b7-7ĺ

CAPÍTULO 5 139
HACIA POLÍTICAS Y ESTRATEGIAS MULTIDIMENSIONALES

Diagrama 5
AGRUPAMIENTO DE LAS METAS DE LOS OBJETIVOS DE DESARROLLO
SOSTENIBLE SOBRE LA BASE DE LOS OBJETIVOS ESTRATÉGICOS DE CADA
߈" ‫!ݽ‬$+ !
169 Metas

META 1 META 3 META 5 . . META 169

ODS1
Ɛƕ0f;|bˆov7; ;v-uuoѴѴo"ov|;mb0Ѵ;

ODS2

ODS17

†;m|;Ĺ& ķƑƏƐѵķuo]u;vo†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴĹ0b;m;v|-ul࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵbm]u;voķ†;ˆ-+ouhĹ& ĺ

;l0-u-Œoķ mbˆ;Ѵ ;7†1-ঞˆoķ -vझ 1olo orou|†mb7-7;v 7; -7oѴ;v1;m|; Őo Ѵ- l-|;umb7-7ņr-|;umb7-7 -7oѴ;v1;m|;ő
bmv;u1bॕmѴ-0ou-ѴѴo1-Ѵķ;m|u;o|u-vőĺ ‹ rou o|uo Ѵ-7oķ r-u- -t†;ѴѴ-vņ-t†;ѴѴov fॕˆ;m;v t†; ‹-
_-mvb7ol-7u;vņr-7u;vķr-u-t†;r†;7-m|;m;ul-‹ou;v
-v roѴझঞ1-v rি0Ѵb1-v u;Ѵ-1bom-7-v 1om ;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ;m
orou|†mb7-7;vķor1bom;v‹7;u;1_ovĺ";u;t†b;u;;m|om-
Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- 7;0;m bm1Ѵ†bu mo voѴo - Ѵ- foˆ;mķ vbmo
1;v†m-1ol0bm-1bॕm7;roѴझঞ1-v-7bvঞm|ovmbˆ;Ѵ;vķr-u-
|-l0b࣐m-v†r-u;f-or-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†v_bfovŐt†;
7bvঞm|ov]u†rov‹r-u-7bvঞm|-v|;lrou-Ѵb7-7;vŐ;Šrov|
l†1_-vˆ;1;v |-l0b࣐m ;Šr;ubl;m|- ;Š1Ѵ†vbom;v 7†u-vőĸ
‹ ;Š -m|;őĺ m -7b1bॕm v; u;t†b;u; =ou|-Ѵ;1;u ;Ѵ -Ѵ1-m1;
7;0;bm1Ѵ†bu|-l0b࣐m-Ѵovr-7u;v‹l-7u;v7;Ѵovņ-v-7o- 7;roѴझঞ1-v†mbˆ;uv-Ѵ;vt†;u;7†Œ1-mˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb7-7;v‹
Ѵ;v1;m|;vr-u-t†;࣐v|ovr†;7-ml;fou-uv†1-Ѵb7-77; 7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v ;Šbv|;m|;vķ ;m ࢙u;-v 1olo v-Ѵ†7ķ ;7†1--
ˆb7-‹ -1†l†Ѵ-u 1-r-1b7-7;v‹ orou|†mb7-7;vĸ 7;0; bm- 1bॕmķˆbˆb;m7-ķ;lrѴ;oķ7o1†l;m|-1bॕmķ-|;m1bॕm-Ѵ-rub-
1Ѵ†bu |-l0b࣐m - Ѵov _bfovņ_bf-v 7; Ѵ-v -7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ r-u- l;u-bm=-m1b-ķ;m|u;o|u-vĺ
-v;]†u-ut†;|;m]-m†m=†|†uo1oml-‹ou;vorou|†mb7--
7;v‹1-r-1b7-7;vĺ bbő ut†b|;1|†u- 7; roѴझঞ1-v rি0Ѵb1-v bm|;]u-Ѵ;v
r-u-;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;
De igual manera, se hace imprescindible desarrollar inter-
ˆ;m1bom;v7b=;u;m1b-7-vķrou†mѴ-7oķr-u--t†;ѴѴ-vņ-t†;- Los retos del embarazo adolescente trascienden las ac-
ѴѴovfॕˆ;m;vt†;-িmmo_-m;Šr;ubl;m|-7o;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo 1bom;v 7; 1†-Ѵt†b;u v;1|ou vo1b-Ѵ ŋv-Ѵ†7ķ ;7†1-1bॕm o

140 CAPÍTULO 5
PARA ENFRENTAR EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

]࣐m;uoĺ"b]†b;m7oѴ-;ˆb7;m1b-ru;v;m|-7-;m;v|;m=ou- oѴझঞ1-v;Š-m|;r-u-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm
l;ķv;u;t†b;u;7;-11bom;vľ;Š-m|;Ŀ‹ľ;Šrov|ĺĿl0-v
-11bom;v vom 1olrѴ;l;m|-ub-vĺ ;0;m vb|†-uv; ;m †m vm;1;v-ubo7bv;ो-uroѴझঞ1-v7b=;u;m1b-7-vt†;r;ulb|-m
;vr-1bo;vr;1झC1oŋ1om†m;m=ot†;|;uub|oub-ѴŌ‹7;0;m †m ;m=ot†; ru;ˆ;mঞˆo r-u- ѴovņѴ-v fॕˆ;m;v -7oѴ;v1;m-
blrѴ;l;m|-uv; - Ѵo Ѵ-u]o 7;Ѵ ঞ;lro ŋ1om †m ;m=ot†; |;vt†;-িmmovoml-7u;vor-7u;vĺ†m1†-m7o;v|-v
7;1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺ v|-m†;ˆ--ut†b|;1|†u-7;roѴझঞ1-vŋ roѴझঞ1-v-uঞ1†Ѵ-uझ-mbm|;uˆ;m1bom;v;mlol;m|ov;vr;-
7;-|;uubŒ-f;|;uub|oub-Ѵ‹-|;uubŒ-f;-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7; 1झC1ov7b=;u;m1b-7ovrouv;Šo‹7;-1†;u7o-Ѵ-;|-r-7;
ˆb7-Ō7;0;ruo1†u-u|u-v1;m7;uѴ-bm;u1b-7;l࢙vŊ7;ŊѴoŊ Ѵ-mbो;Œo-7oѴ;v1;m1b-7;t†;v;|u-|;ĺ Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;
lbvlo;mѴ--];m7-7;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ ruo]u-l-vmoˆ;7ovovt†;bm|;]u;m-Ѵ-f†ˆ;m|†7;mv†

Diagrama 6
CONJUNTO DE INTERVENCIONES PARA ABORDAR EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES
DESDE UNA PERSPECTIVA MULTIDIMENSIONAL

PREVENCIÓN LOS Y LAS JÓVENES, CONSTRUCCIÓN


SUS HIJOS/AS Y SU ENTORNO DE RESILIENCIA

Disponibilidad de sistema de
Acceso a TIC’s
1†b7oŐ;v|-m1b-vbm=-mঞѴ;vő

11;voorou|†mo‹7;1-Ѵb7-7
Fomento de acumulación
a informaciones sobre
7;-1ঞˆovCm-m1b;uov‹mo
v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-
Cm-m1b;uov
‹ub;v]ov7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m
adolescencia
EMBARAZO EN
ADOLESCENTES Educación
11;voorou|†mo‹1omঞm†o $࣐1mb1oŊuo=;vbom-Ѵ
-l࣐|o7ov7;
rѴ-mbC1-1bॕm=-lbѴb-u

1olr-ो-lb;m|o;7†1-ঞˆo
11;vo-v;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7 r-u-;ˆb|-u7;v;u1bॕm
ru;ˆ;mঞˆov7;1-Ѵb7-7‹
1-Ѵb7;Œr-u-Ѵovņ-vfॕˆ;m;v

oѴझ|b1-v†mbˆ;uv-Ѵ;v lrѴ;l;m|-uruo]u-l-v7;
primer empleo
uo]u-l-vrouņr-u-
fॕˆ;m;v1oloľr-u;vĿ
7;1ou|;|u-mvˆ;uv-Ѵ
‹7;v-uuoѴѴo7;rѴ-m;v7;ˆb7-
desde la pre adolescencia uoloˆ;u;Ѵ1†lrѴblb;m|o
(bˆb;m7-| 7†1-1bॕm| Salud | o1†l;m|-1bॕm 7;Ѵ-Ѵ;‹‹Ѵ--7;1†-1bॕm7;
†ml-u1oѴ;]-Ѵ1o_;u;m|;ĺ
v|-vroѴझঞ1-v7;0;mѴѴ;]-u-Ѵmbˆ;ѴѴo1-Ѵ
11;vo-ruo]u-l-v;Š|u-
r-u--v;]†u-uѴ-=o1-ѴbŒ-1bॕm;=;1ঞˆ-
curriculares complementa- uo]u-l-v7;
rios desde la pre adolescen- 7;Ѵ-vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;vv;]িmѴ-v
-v;]†u-lb;m|o;mv-Ѵ†7r-u-
cia (escuelas de música, 1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v;vr;1झC1-v7;Ѵ|;uub|ouboĺ 1†0ubuѴ-v0u;1_-v;mѴ-
teatro, deportes) primera infancia

CAPÍTULO 5 141
HACIA POLÍTICAS Y ESTRATEGIAS MULTIDIMENSIONALES

7bv;ोo ; blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm ;v o|u- 7; Ѵ-v orou|†mb7-7;v r;ulb|-m1omC]†u-u†mm†;ˆo1omf†m|o7;moul-v


t†;7;0;-ruoˆ;1_-u;Ѵr-u-7b]l-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵr-u- vo1b-Ѵ;v;m|oumo-Ѵ-ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1-ĺ
Ѵ- 1omv;1†1bॕm 7; v†v Ѵo]uovĺ$-l0b࣐m v; r†;7; bm1Ѵ†bu
Ŋ ;m;u-u bm=oul-1bॕm ];o]u࢙C1- vo0u; Ѵo1-Ѵb7-7;v ‹
el desarrollo de programas de roles modelo98t†;vbuˆ-m
l†mb1br-Ѵb7-7;v 1om -Ѵ|ov mbˆ;Ѵ;v 7; ;l0-u-Œo -7o-
1olo=†;m|;v7;bmvrbu-1bॕmr-u-Ѵ-vņѴovfॕˆ;m;v‹v†;m-
Ѵ;v1;m|;t†;v;bm|;]u;-o|uovvbv|;l-v;Šbv|;m|;v‹
|oumoķ‹t†;-ro‹;mѴ-1omv|u†11bॕm7;ruo‹;1|ov7;ˆb7-
t†;]†b;;Ѵ7bv;ोoķѴ-blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm‹;ˆ-Ѵ†-1bॕm7;
t†;u;|u-v;m;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-†m-;|-r-rov|;ubouĺ
roѴझঞ1-vbm|;]u-Ѵ;v;m;Ѵ|;uub|ouboĺ
El apoyo a los gobiernos locales en el marco de una ar-
Ŋ 7;mঞC1-u 1ol†mb7-7;v rbѴo|ov r-u- ruo0-u -Ѵ]†mov
ঞ1†Ѵ-1bॕm|;uub|oub-Ѵ;=;1ঞˆ-;v†mo7;ѴovrbѴ-u;v=†m7--
7;Ѵovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;;v|-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm1omѴ--rѴb1--
l;m|-Ѵ;v7;Ѵ;m=ot†;l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ-t†झruor†;v|oĺ
1bॕm 7; roѴझঞ1-v ;vr;1झC1-vķ rou ;f;lrѴoĹ -11;vo -
m;=;1|oķ;Ѵ;vr-1boѴo1-Ѵ;v†mo7;Ѵovm;Šovl࢙vbl-
|;1moѴo]झ-ķ bm=oul-1bॕm‹ v;uˆb1bov 7; v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ‹
rou|-m|;vķf†m|o-Ѵ-=-lbѴb-ķ;m|u;Ѵ-blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm7;
u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-‹vbv|;l-v7;1†b7oķ;m|u;o|uovĺ
Ѵ-vroѴझঞ1-v‹Ѵ-f†ˆ;m|†7ĺ v;m;v|ov;vr-1bov;m7om7;
7;0;m†ঞѴbŒ-uv;Ѵovl;1-mbvlov‹-7bvromb0Ѵ;v;m|oumo
- Ѵ- bmˆ;uvbॕm‹ r-uঞ1br-1bॕm - mbˆ;Ѵ Ѵo1-Ѵ Őru;v†r†;v|o oѴझঞ1-v;Šrov|r-u-1omv|u†buu;vbѴb;m1b-
r-uঞ1br-ঞˆoķ †ঞѴbŒ-1bॕm 7; u;1†uvov -vb]m-7ov r-u- |;-
ouv†r-u|;ķѴ-7bvromb0bѴb7-77;vbv|;l-vrি0Ѵb1ovŊ7bvro-
l-vvo1b-Ѵ;vķ-uঞ1†Ѵ-1bॕm7;ruo]u-l-v;m1ol†mb7-7;v
mb0Ѵ;v-mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-ѴŊ7;1†b7or-u-Ѵ-rubl;u-bm=-m1b-
u;lo|-vķ;m|u;o|u-vőĺolo-0ou7-f;ru;ˆ;mঞˆov;ruo-
;v†m1olrom;m|;;v;m1b-Ѵ7;Ѵm†;ˆor-u-7b]l-l†Ѵঞ-
rom;|-l0b࣐mĹ
7bl;mvbom-Ѵĺ - ruoˆbvbॕm 7; ;vr-1bov 7; 1†b7o r-u- Ѵ-v

Ŋ ;fou-u;Ѵ-11;vo‹;Ѵ-Ѵ1-m1;-bm=oul-1bॕm‹;7†1-- l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;v|࢙ˆbm1†Ѵ-7-1omѴ-1omv|u†11bॕm
1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵ7;1-Ѵb7-7‹-ruorb-7--ѴѴ;m]†-f;7;Ѵovņ 7;1-r-1b7-7;v‹Ѵ-rovb0bѴb7-77;t†;࣐v|-vѴo]u;mˆbm1†-
-vfॕˆ;m;vvbm7bv1ublbm-1bॕmĺ b1_o-11;vo7;0;ruo- Ѵ-uv;-or1bom;vruo7†1ঞˆ-vĺ&m-bmb1b-ঞˆ-t†;mo-7lb|;
ˆ;;uv;7;v7;7bˆ;uv-vbmv|-m1b-v7;l-m;u-1oou7bm-- 7;lou-v;vѴ-ˆbm1†Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵovr-u;vl-v1†ѴbmovŐr-7u;v
7-‹1om†m=oul-|o7;blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm†mbC1-7oĺ 0boѴॕ]b1ov7;v†rubl;u_bfoņ-ķr-u;f-7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m|;ő;m
Ѵ-vbm|;uˆ;m1bom;v;m=o1-7-v;mѴov|;l-v7;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ
Ŋ v;]†u-u;Ѵ-Ѵ1-m1;‹Ѵ-r;ul-m;m1b-7;†vo7;v;uˆb-
‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;1-rb|-Ѵ_†l-moķr-|;umb7-7
1bov7;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķbm1Ѵ†‹;m7o-11;vo
u;vromv-0Ѵ;ķˆboѴ;m1b-7;]࣐m;uoķ;m|u;o|u-vĺ
-l࣐|o7ov-mঞ1om1;rঞˆovĺ
&m ;m=ot†; l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ r-u- -0ou7-u Ѵov ;=;1|ov
Ŋ uo]u-l-v‹1-lr-ो-v_;1_-vroufॕˆ;m;vķr-u-fॕ-
7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-bm1Ѵ†‹;Ĺ
ˆ;m;v vo0u; ru;ˆ;m1bॕm 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo ‹ 7; †mbuv;
|;lru-mo-mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-Ѵ‹|;uub|oub-Ѵĺ v|-v1-lr-- Ŋ lrѴb-u‹l;fou-uѴ-7bvromb0bѴb7-77;vbv|;l-vrি0Ѵb-
ो-v7;0;m;v|-u7;vঞm-7-v-ˆbvb0bѴbŒ-u;Ѵ1ov|o7; 1ov7;1†b7or-u-Ѵ-rubl;u-bm=-m1b-t†;;v|࣐m7bv-
orou|†mb7-77;;l0-u-Œov-|;lru-m-;7-7‹t†; romb0Ѵ;vr-u-Ѵov_bfovņ-v7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķbm|;]u-m7o

98
 v|†7b-m7or;uvom-f;v;mѴ-_bv|oub-‹;mѴ--1|†-Ѵb7-7t†;v;_-m7;v|-1-7o7;l-m;u-rovbঞˆ-;mѴov࢙l0b|ov7;Ѵ-v1b;m1b-vķѴ-;7†1-1bॕmķѴb|;u-|†u-ķ;1omolझ-ķ
Ѵ-v-u|;vķ;Ѵ7;rou|;ķ;m|u;o|uov|-m|o-mbˆ;Ѵbm|;um-1bom-Ѵķm-1bom-Ѵ‹Ѵo1-Ѵĺ

142 CAPÍTULO 5
PARA ENFRENTAR EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

†m-;v|u-|;]b-িmb1-t†;;v|-m7-ub1;Ѵovruo|o1oѴov ovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;;v|;bm=oul;v†]b;u;m|-l0b࣐mt†;v;
7;-|;m1bॕm‹1ub|;ubov7;;m|u-7-ĺ _-1;m;1;v-ub-Ѵ-blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm7;;v|u-|;]b-v7;l;-
fou-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-1-Ѵb7-77;Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmķ7;lo7ot†;Ѵov
Ŋ ;m|u-u;mѴovr-u;vl-v1†ѴbmovѴ-vm†;ˆ-vbmb1b-ঞˆ-v
-ru;m7bŒ-f;vv;-mu;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;vr-u--lrѴb-uѴ-vor1bom;v‹
ruor†;v|-vĹ Ѵov r-7u;v 0boѴॕ]b1ov 7; Ѵov _bfovņ-v ;m
1omv|u†bu 1-r-1b7-7;v 7; 7;1bvbॕm 1omv1b;m|;ķ ;v;m1b-Ѵ
adolescentes deben ser parte integral de todas las po-
r-u-ruoloˆ;u-†|omolझ-;mѴ-ˆb7--7†Ѵ|-ķ-7;l࢙v7;
Ѵझঞ1-v‹ruo]u-l-vĺ
ruo]u-l-vt†;-v;]†u;mѴ-u;|;m1bॕm7;;v|†7b-m|;v=;-
Ŋ ro‹o;m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴo7;roѴझঞ1-vѴo1-Ѵ;vķbmˆoѴ†1u-m- l;mbmov‹l-v1†Ѵbmovĺ
7o-Ѵov-1|ou;v‹-†|oub7-7;vѴo1-Ѵ;vŐ-uঞ1†Ѵ-1bॕm|;- Estas acciones apuntan hacia el fortalecimiento de las
uub|oub-Ѵķru;v†r†;v|o1b†7-7-moőĺ 1-r-1b7-7;v‹orou|†mb7-7;v7;Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;vŊt†;;lr;-

Ŋ ruoˆ;1_-uroѴझঞ1-v;Šbv|;m|;vr-u--lrѴbC1-uv†bl- Œ-uझ-m7;v7;Ѵ-mbो;ŒŊ‹t†;|;m7uझ-m†mblr-1|orovbঞˆo

r-1|o;m;v|;|;l-1olo;vĹ!;rি0Ѵb1- b]b|-Ѵr-u-;Ѵ ;mѴ--7†Ѵ|;Œĺ(;u b-]u-l-ѵĺ


-11;vo-$ķ;v|-m1b-vbm=-mঞѴ;vr-u-;7†1-1bॕm;mѴ-
rubl;u-bm=-m1b-ķ‹Ѵ-foum-7-;Š|;m7b7-;mѴ-;7†1--
bbbő u†ro7;l;7b7-vo1ol0ov|;uub|oub-Ѵ;v
1bॕmru;†mbˆ;uvb|-ub-ĺ
rѴb1-uѴ--ut†b|;1|†u-7;roѴझঞ1-vbm|;]u-Ѵ;v-ѴoѴ-u]o
Ŋ uo=†m7bŒ-u;Ѵ-Ѵ1-m1;7;ruo]u-l-vt†;=ol;m|-mѴ-
7;Ѵ 1b1Ѵo 7;ˆb7- r-v- rou ;Ѵ -|;uubŒ-f; Ѵo1-Ѵĺ m ;Ѵ ;v-
b]†-Ѵ7-77;]࣐m;uoķ;Ѵ;lro7;u-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-vl†f;-
r-1boѴo1-Ѵ‹l†mb1br-Ѵv;u;1omo1;t†;Őbő;Ѵ;l0-u--
u;v‹v†1omo1blb;m|ovo0u;v†v7;u;1_ovĺ
Œo;v†mľruo0Ѵ;l-Ŀ7;roѴझঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-vt†;-=;1|--
Ŋ ;fou-u ‹ -lrѴb-u ;Ѵ -11;vo ‹ Ѵ- o=;u|- - ;7†1-1bॕm †m]u†ro7;Ѵblb|-7o‹ˆ†Ѵm;u-0Ѵ;7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmŐbbőѴ-v
|࣐1mb1oˆo1-1bom-Ѵ7;1-Ѵb7-7‹r;uঞm;m|;r-u-Ѵ-v‹ 1-†v-v vom l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵ;v ‹ ;vr;1bC1-v - ঞ;lro
Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ ‹Ѵ†]-uŐbbbőt†;u;t†b;u;m7;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;vlিѴঞrѴ;v‹
-vb]m-1bom;vCv1-Ѵ;v;vr;1झC1-vr-u-v;u;m=u;m|-7-v‹
Ŋ 1;u1-u-Ѵ-vŒom-v7;ro0u;Œ-ķruo]u-l-v7;rubl;u
Őbˆőt†;m;1;vb|-7;†mv-Ѵ|o1†-mঞ|-ঞˆo;mѴ-1-r-1b7-7
;lrѴ;oobm|;ul;7b-1bॕmѴ-0ou-Ѵ=-1bѴb|-m7oѴ-bmv;u-
7;_-1;ulomb|ou;o‹;ˆ-Ѵ†-1bॕm7;blr-1|o];oŊu;=;-
1bॕm-Ѵl;u1-7o=oul-Ѵĺ
u;m1b-7o;mঞ;lrou;-Ѵ99ĺ v|ov1†-|uo;Ѵ;l;m|ov;v|࢙m
Ŋ ;fou-uѴovl-u1ovѴ;]-Ѵ;v;Šbv|;m|;v-Ѵb]†-Ѵt†;v† 7;|u࢙v 7; m†;ˆ-v rѴ-|-=oul-v bm|;]u-Ѵ;v 7; v;uˆb1bov
cumplimiento para asegurar los derechos de las niñas, t†; ѴѴ-l-lov ľ1ol0ovĿ ŋrout†; v; -7-r|-m - Ѵ-v m;-
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹l†f;u;v;ml-|;ub-7;ˆboѴ;m1b-ķ7bv1ub- 1;vb7-7;v ;vr;1झC1-v 7; ]u†rov 7; Ѵ- ro0Ѵ-1bॕm ‹ ;v-
lbm-1bॕmķ;m|u;o|u-vĺ r-1bov|;uub|oub-Ѵ;vķ|-Ѵ1olov;-7-r|-†mľ1ol0oĿ7;
alimentos y bebidas a las preferencias de cada persona
Ŋ 7;mঞC1-u1ol†mb7-7;vrbѴo|ov|;v|;-u-Ѵ]†mov7;Ѵov
‹1-7-_o]-uĺ
u;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;;v|-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm1omѴ--rѴb1-1bॕm7;
roѴझঞ1-v;vr;1झC1-vĺ

99
 $b;lrou;-Ѵv;u;C;u;-Ѵ--1|†-ѴbŒ-1bॕm-†|ol࢙ঞ1-7;Ѵov7-|ov;m†mvbv|;l-িmb1obm|;]u-7o7;bm=oul-1bॕmĺ

CAPÍTULO 5 143
HACIA POLÍTICAS Y ESTRATEGIAS MULTIDIMENSIONALES

7or|-u†m;m=ot†;7;]u†rov7;l;7b7-vo1ol0ov 7-vruboub|-ub-v7;0b7o-Ѵ-vm;1;vb7-7;vt†;;m=u;m|-mĺ
Ѵ|u-0-f-u1om†m;m=ot†;|;uub|oub-Ѵķv;b7;mঞC1-m|o7-v
- -];m7- 7; Ѵov 0f;ঞˆov 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo 7; bѴ;mbo
-t†;ѴѴ-v7bl;mvbom;vt†;vom1Ѵ-ˆ;vr-u-;Ѵruo]u;vo7;
Ő ő-7or|ॕ†m-l;|o7oѴo]झ-7;-ˆ-mŒ-uľ0u;1_-rou
Ѵ-vr;uvom-vķ‹v;];m;u-mbm|;uˆ;m1bom;vl†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbo-
0u;1_-Ŀķ ;v|-0Ѵ;1b;m7o r-u- 1-7- o0f;ঞˆo bm7b1-7ou;vķ
m-Ѵ;vķ t†; -0ou7-m - Ѵ-ˆ;Œ lিѴঞrѴ;v bm7b1-7ou;v 7; Ѵ-
vbv|;l-v7;lomb|ou;o;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v;vr;1झC1-vr-u-
];m7-ƑƏƒƏ;m†m-bm|;uˆ;m1bॕmoruo]u-l-ĺ
l;7buѴov-ˆ-m1;v7;1-7-o0f;ঞˆoĺ"bm;l0-u]oķ;Ѵ;m=o-
";]†m7oķ†m-rѴ-|-=oul-7;v;uˆb1bovt†;-1;ut†;bmŊ
t†;ruor†;v|or-u--0ou7-uѴ-];m7-ƑƏƒƏ;v7;-]u†-
r-lb;m|oo1Ѵ†v|;ubm]7;Ѵov7bvঞm|ovo0f;ঞˆovĺov;u࢙ tervenciones de manera coordinada al territorioĹ
=࢙1bѴ|u-mvb|-u7;†m--];m7-7;Ѷo0f;ঞˆov1oloѴo;u-Ѵ- ov;u࢙v†C1b;m|;7;Cmbu;Ѵruo0Ѵ;l-7;l-m;u-l†Ѵ-
];m7- -†m-];m7-1olru;m7b7-rouƐƕo0f;ঞ- ঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķ vb Ѵ-v -11bom;v ;m ;Ѵ |;uu;mo vb]†;m 7bv-
ˆovķ‹-vझr-v-u7;†m;m=ot†;0-v-7o;m1u;1blb;m|o;1o-r;uv-v‹=u-]l;m|-7-vĺ†;]o7;7;CmbuѴov1bm|†uom;v
mॕlb1o;bm]u;vo_-1b-†m;m=ot†;bm|;]u-Ѵt†;bm1Ѵ†‹- territoriales con mayor incidencia de embrazo adoles-
Ѵ-vlিѴঞrѴ;v7bl;mvbom;vt†;bmY†‹;m;m;Ѵ0b;m;v|-u7; 1;m|;ķv;u;t†b;u;1omv|u†bu†m-rѴ-|-=oul-7;v;uˆb1bov
Ѵ-vr;uvom-vĺ Ѵ;m=ot†;7;1ol0ovruorom;|u-v1;m7;u bm|;]u-Ѵ;v r-u- -|;m7;u Ѵ- ru;ˆ;m1bॕm ‹ Ѵ- u;vbѴb;m1b-ĺ
-ˆ-m1;vr-u1b-Ѵ;vľ0u;1_-rou0u;1_-Ŀķ-=-ˆou7;bm|;uˆ;m- v|-vrѴ-|-=oul-v1om|-u࢙m1omv;uˆb1bov7;v-Ѵ†7ķ;7†-
1bom;v7;l-v-1uझঞ1-;m0-v;-Ѵ-vruboub7-7;vѴo1-Ѵ;vķ 1-1bॕmķbmv;u1bॕmѴ-0ou-Ѵķvbv|;l-v7;1†b7-7o‹|u-0-f--
vbm;u]b-v ; bm|;u1om;Šbom;v 7; †m- ruo0Ѵ;l࢙ঞ1- vo1b-Ѵĺ u࢙m7;l-m;u-1omঞm†-vo0u;moul-v7;v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ
-u--0ou7-u;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;7;v7;†m;m=ot†; ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-‹uoѴ;v7;]࣐m;uoĺ mѴ-lbvl-Ѵझm;-ķ;Ѵ
7;1ol0ovķ;vm;1;v-ubot†;Ѵovņ-vbmˆoѴ†1u-7ovņ-v;mѴ- Cm-m1b-lb;m|o7;Ѵ-;v|u-|;]b-7;1ol0ov7;0;7;v;u
];vঞॕm7;Ѵ-;v|u-|;]b-7;1ol0ov1olru;m7-m‹-7or- bm|;]u-7oķ -0ou7-m7o ;m †m- bm|;uˆ;m1bॕm o ruo]u--
|;m;v|;;m=ot†;;mѴ-v࢙u;-v7;bm|;uˆ;m1bom;vķCm-m1b-- l-;Ѵruo]u;vo;mlিѴঞrѴ;v bm7b1-7ou;v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo
lb;m|o;blr-1|oķ‹lomb|ou;o‹;ˆ-Ѵ†-1bॕmĹ -7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ|u-v1;m7b;m7o†mCm-m1b-lb;m|o=u-]l;m-
|-7oķ ;m t†; v; ;v|-0Ѵ;1; ;Ѵ Cm-m1b-lb;m|o m;1;v-ubo
ѿ †;blrѴb1-†m;m=ot†;7;1ol0ovĵ
r-u- Ѵo]u-u 1-7- †m- 7; Ѵ-v l;|-vĺ &m Cm-m1b-lb;m|o
ubl;uoķ†mvbv|;l-t†;7;Cm-;Ѵruo0Ѵ;l-7;l-m;u-
integrado concentra el impacto y reduce los costos para
l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴĹ
;ѴѴo]uo7;1-7-bm7b1-7ouĺ
&m ;m=ot†; 7; 0u;1_-v v; ;m=o1- ;m u;-ѴbŒ-u bm|;uˆ;m-
$;u1;uoķ†mvbv|;l-7;lomb|ou;o‹;ˆ-Ѵ†-1bॕm];oŊu;Ŋ
1bom;vr†m|†-Ѵ;vr-u-1-7-ruo0Ѵ;l-vo1b-Ѵķrou;f;lrѴoķ
=;u;m1b-7o;mঞ;lrou;-ѴĹ
u;-ѴbŒ-m7o bm|;uˆ;m1bom;v ;vr;1झC1-v r-u- Ѵ-v ࢙u;-v 7;
;7†1-1bॕmķ ;lrѴ;oķ ]࣐m;uo o 1b†7-7-mझ-ķ moul-Ѵl;m|; Ѵo0f;ঞˆo7;†m-;v|u-|;]b-7;1ol0ov;v;ˆb|-u7bvr;u-
vbm †m- 1om;Šbॕm ;m|u; ;v|-v 7bl;mvbom;vķ |u-|࢙m7ov; v-u7bvঞm|ovঞrov7;7-|ovr-u-0;m;C1b-ubov7;roѴझঞ1-v
1-7-†mo7;;v|ov7;v-ࣱovvo1b-Ѵ;vrouv;r-u-7oķ1olo contra el embarazo adolescente, y poder generar un re-
|;l࢙ঞ1-v bm7;r;m7b;m|;vķ vbm 1omvb7;u-u Ѵ-v bm|;u-11bo- ]bv|uoিmb1ovo0u;Ѵov0;m;C1bovvo1b-Ѵ;vķ;m;Ѵ1†-Ѵ|-l-
m;v ;Šbv|;m|;v ;m|u; ;v|ovĺ m 1-l0boķ †m ;m=ot†; 7; 0b࣐m-]u†r;bm=oul-1bॕmvo1bo;1omॕlb1-7;Ѵov_o]-u;v
1ol0ovঞ;m;†m-ˆbvbॕm|;uub|oub-Ѵķt†;v;1;m|u-;m†m ‹ r;ulb|- _-1;u †m lomb|ou;o ;m ;Ѵ ঞ;lro u;-Ѵ 7; ;m
]u†ro;vr;1झC1o7;r;uvom-vķѴ-v1†-Ѵ;vvom1omvb7;u-- bm7b1-7ou;vvo1b-Ѵ;vĺ mr-झv;v1olo!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb-

144 CAPÍTULO 5
PARA ENFRENTAR EL EMBARAZO EN ADOLESCENTES

Diagrama 7
""! (! "$!$  " ߈$"

PASO 0 PASO 1 PASO 2 PASO 3 PASO 4


 $!& ࠎ "$!&ࠎ ! $! +
  &  !  $ !߈ $ !(  " (& "
" 
En base a
u;1_-vˆņvol0ov En base a análisis La agenda de ;v-uuoѴѴo
prioridades
1†-mঞ|-ঞˆoķ7b࢙Ѵo]o roѴझঞ1-vrি0Ѵb1-v‹Ѵ- de capacidades
sociales de cada
social y mapeo con ˆb-0bѴb7-7Cm-m1b;u- y sistemas
país
l;|-v "

†;m|;Ĺ0†7ķ-uझ-ov࣐ķƑƏƐƕķ-m†-Ѵr-u-Ѵ-l;|o7oѴo]झ-7;1Ѵ†v|;uvr-u-Ѵ-blrѴ;l;m|-1bॕm7;Ѵ-];m7-
ƑƏƒƏ;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ķ†;ˆ-+ouhĹ& ĺ

1-m-;Šbv|;m‹-vbv|;l-v7;bm=oul-1bॕm0-v-7-v;mu;- Ѵ-|;uubŒ-f;Ѵo1-Ѵ7;†m-;v|u-|;]b-ľ;Š-m|;Ŀ‹ľ;Šrov|Ŀ
]bv|uov-7lbmbv|u-ঞˆov‹];oŊu;=;u;m1b-1bॕmĺ";u;t†b;u; vo0u;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;vb]mbC1-;lr†f-uѴ-v=uom|;-
7-u †m r-vo -7b1bom-Ѵ r-u- 1omv|u†bu †m r-m;Ѵ 1omঞm†o u-v7;Ѵ†vo7;Ѵ-;ˆb7;m1b-ŋru;=;u;m|;l;m|;-|u-ˆ࣐v7;
7;bm=oul-1bॕm7;v;]†blb;m|o;Š-m|;‹;Šrov|7;Ѵ;l- u;]bv|uov-7lbmbv|u-ঞˆov;mঞ;lrou;-Ѵķ‹7;;m1†;v|-v
0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ-u--7or|-u;Ѵ;m=ot†;7;1ol0ov ;vr;1b-ѴbŒ-7-vŌ‹7;Ѵ†vo7;l-r-v7;v;]†blb;m|oࣱvb1o
;vm;1;v-ubo†mbC1-uѴ-bm=oul-1bॕm7bvromb0Ѵ;‹];m;u-u ‹Cm-m1b;uo7;Ѵ-v-11bom;v7;roѴझঞ1-rি0Ѵb1-ĺ
vbv|;l-v7;bm=oul-1bॕm7;Ѵ;vঞѴor-m;Ѵ7;1om|uoѴt†;
r;ulb|- l;7bu Ѵov -ˆ-m1;v ;m Ѵov ]u†rov 7; ro0Ѵ-1bॕm - -rѴb1-1bॕm |;uub|oub-Ѵ -7;1†-7- -Ѵ ;m|oumo 7; Ѵ- ro-
b7;mঞC1-7ov 1olo ruboub|-ubovķ ;m Ѵ-v lিѴঞrѴ;v 7bl;m- 0Ѵ-1bॕm-7oѴ;v1;m|;7;v7;;v|-ˆbvbॕml†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-Ѵķ
vbom;v ;m t†; v; ;v|࢙m u;-ѴbŒ-m7o bm|;uˆ;m1bom;vĺ ; blrѴb1-uझ- 1-l0bov ;m Ѵov r-|uom;v 7; 1olrou|-lb;m|o
l-m;u-7;;ˆb|-ut†;v;|u-0-f;rouv;r-u-7oѴov-ˆ-m1;v -1|†-Ѵ;vķuolrb;m7o;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;r࣐u7b7-v;m7;v-uuoѴѴo_†-
;m1-7-bm7b1-7ouĺ mano, y generando ganancias en el mediano y largo pla-
Œoĺ ;v7;;ѴѴ-7o7;Ѵ-o=;u|-ķѴ-vm†;ˆ-v|;1moѴo]झ-v7;
";u;v-Ѵ|-mѴ-vorou|†mb7-7;v7;bm|;]u-1bॕm7;rѴ-|-- -11;vo-Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-;bmmoˆ-1bom;v;m
=oul-vt†;r;ulb|-mbm|;u-1|†-u1om7-|ov];m;u-7ov Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmbm|;]u-Ѵ7;Ѵov‹Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ;m1omf†m-
rouѴov1;mvovm-1bom-Ѵ;vŐ őķ;Ѵu;]bv|uoিmb1o7; |oķl-u1-u࢙mѴ-r-†|-7;Ѵ-|u-mv=oul-1bॕmĺ ;v7;;ѴѴ-7o
0;m;C1b-ubov Ő"& őķ ;m1†;v|-v r;ubॕ7b1-v Ő  $ķ 7;Ѵ-7;l-m7-ķ;v|-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm;m=u;m|-u࢙1-l0bov;mѴ-v
!ķ;m|u;o|u-vő‹u;]bv|uov-7lbmbv|u-ঞˆov];- normas sociales sobre el embarazo, en los roles tradicio-
m;u-7ovrouѴ-vv;1|oub-Ѵ;vŐ"( őĺ m-Ѵl;m|;-7v1ub|ovrou]࣐m;uo‹v;0;m;C1b-u࢙m-l0ov

Ѵ࣐Šb|o7;†m;m=ot†;bm|;]u-Ѵ;v|࢙ˆbm1†Ѵ-7o-Ѵ1-l0bo 1om ;Ѵ ruo]u;vbˆo ;lro7;u-lb;m|o ;m v† 1-r-1b7-7 7;


7;Ѵ-|;m7;m1b-7;bm7b1-7ou;v7;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ |ol-u7;1bvbom;v7†u-m|;;Ѵ1b1Ѵo7;ˆb7-ĺ

CAPÍTULO 5 145
HACIA POLÍTICAS Y ESTRATEGIAS MULTIDIMENSIONALES

bm-Ѵl;m|;ķ;Ѵv-Ѵ|o1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆo_-1b-Ѵ-voѴ†1bॕm7;ruo0Ѵ;- mbˆ;ѴroѴझঞ1oķ‹7;Ѵovmbˆ;Ѵ;vv†r;ubou;v7;Ѵ-vbmv|-m1b-v
l࢙ঞ1-vvo1b-Ѵ;v1olrѴ;f-v1olo;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m- bmˆoѴ†1u-7-vķ-7;l࢙v7;Ѵ--uঞ1†Ѵ-1bॕm1omѴ-vo1b;7-7
|;v;7-u࢙;m†m1om|;Š|o7;u;m7blb;m|ov7;1u;1b;m|;v 1bˆbѴ‹Ѵov]o0b;umovѴo1-Ѵ;vķr-u-;ѴѴo]uo7;†m-u;vr†;v|-
7;Ѵ-;1omolझ-‹7;Ѵblb|-1bom;vru;v†r†;v|-ub-vĺouѴo ;=;1ঞˆ-‹1oml-‹oublr-1|o7;Ѵ-o=;u|-rি0Ѵb1-7;v;u-
|-m|oķv;u;t†b;u;†mˆ;u7-7;uo1olruolbvo-Ѵl࢙v-Ѵ|o ˆb1bovķ=o1-ѴbŒ-7ov;mѴ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹v†;m|oumoĺ

146 CAPÍTULO 5
 *"
ANEXO

 *ƐĹ 1-v"o1b-Ѵ;vĺ v|;1u†1;r;ulbঞॕ;v|-0Ѵ;1;uѴovmbˆ;Ѵ;v


7;1obm1b7;m1b-;m|u;Ѵ-ru;ˆ-Ѵ;m1b-7;-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
;|o7oѴo]झ-7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm
;l0-u-Œ-7-v‹Ѵ-7;mvb7-77;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ĺ
Ѵ o0f;ঞˆo 7; ;v|- bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm =†; 7;|;ulbm-u ‹ 1--
racterizar los impactos en el bienestar y el desarrollo Ɠĺ "; v;Ѵ;11bom-uom Ѵov Ƒƕ l†mb1brbov 1om l-‹ou bm1b-
_†l-mo ro|;m1b-Ѵ ;m Ѵ-v l†f;u;v ;m|u; ƐƑ ‹ ƐƖ -ोov 7;m1b-7;-l0ovbm7b1-7ou;vĸ;Ѵrou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v
t†;;Šr;ubl;m|-uom;l0-u-Œo‹l-|;umb7-7ķ7;v7;†m- -7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹Ѵ-bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ĺ
r;uvr;1ঞˆ-l†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴķruboubŒ-m7oѴ-v࢙u;-v];o-
Ɣĺ -u- Ѵov Cm;v 7;Ѵ Ѵ;ˆ-m|-lb;m|o 7; bm=oul-1bॕm Ѵov
]u࢙C1-v7;-Ѵ|-bm1b7;m1b-7;ro0u;Œ-ĺ|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵ7bv;ोo
_o]-u;v =†;uom 7bˆb7b7ov ;m 7ov 1-|;]ouझ-vĹ _o]-u
‹-rѴb1-1bॕm7;†m-;m1†;v|--ѵѵƐ_o]-u;vv;Ѵ;11bom--
7;|u-|-lb;m|oķ-t†;Ѵ;mt†;†m-l†f;u;m;7-7u;-
7ov 7; Ѵ- 0-v; 7; 7-|ov 7;Ѵ "&  v; o0|†ˆb;uom Ѵov
ruo7†1ঞˆ-v;;l0-u-Œॕ-m|;v7;Ѵovˆ;bm|;-ोov7;
bmv†lovm;1;v-ubovr-u--rѴb1-uѴovl࣐|o7ov1†-mঞ|-ঞ-
;7-7ĸ‹_o]-u7;1om|uoѴ1ouu;vrom7b;m|;-†m-l†f;u
ˆovt†;v;u࢙m7;|-ѴѴ-7ovl࢙v-7;Ѵ-m|;ĺ7b1bom-Ѵl;m|;
;m;7-7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-t†;v;;l0-u-Œॕ-r-uঞu7;Ѵov
v; u;-ѴbŒॕ †m Ѵ;ˆ-m|-lb;m|o 1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆo - -7oѴ;v1;m|;v
ˆ;bm|;-ोovĺov|;uboul;m|;v;-ो-7bॕѴ-1-|;]ouझ-7;
;l0-u-Œ-7-vķ r-7u;v 0boѴॕ]b1ov 7; Ѵov _bfovņ-v 7; Ѵ-v
_o]-ulbŠ|oķ;v|o;vķ-t†;ѴѴov_o]-u;v;mt†;u;vb7;
l†f;u;vbmˆ;vঞ]-7-v‹-1|ou;v1Ѵ-ˆ;7;Ѵ-1ol†mb7-7;m
-Ѵl;mov†m-l†f;ut†;v;;l0-u-Œॕrourubl;u-ˆ;Œ
Ѵ-v Ѵo1-Ѵb7-7;v v;Ѵ;11bom-7-v r-u- o0|;m;u bm=oul-1bॕm
-m|;v7;Ѵovˆ;bm|;-ोov‹rouѴol;mov†m-v;]†m7-
7;|-ѴѴ-7-7;Ѵ-v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;ˆb7--1|†-Ѵ;v‹Ѵ-v7b-
l†f;ut†;v;;l0u-Œॕ7;vr†࣐v7;;v-;7-7ĺ
mensiones de impacto al momento del primer embarazo,
-vझ 1olo -vr;1|ov 7; Ѵ- l-|;umb7-7 -7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ v-Ѵ†7 ѵĺ ";blrѴ;l;m|ॕ†m-ru†;0-rbѴo|o1om;Ѵruorॕvb|o7;
v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-‹0b;m;v|-uķ7;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1ঞˆ-7; ruo0-u;Ѵ1†;vঞom-ubot†;v;-rѴb1-uझ-;m;ѴѴ;ˆ-m|--
;Šr;ub;m1b-v7;Ѵ-vlbvl-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ lb;m|o 7; bm=oul-1bॕmķ Ѵov ruo1;7blb;m|ov or;u-ঞ-
ˆovķ‹;Ѵ]u-7o7;7;|-ѴѴ;7;v;-7o1omt†;v;ru;|;m-
mˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm†-mঞ|-ঞˆ- 7bॕo0|;m;uѴ-bm=oul-1bॕmĺ v|-ru†;0-ķ=†;-rѴb1-7-
;m;Ѵ0-uuboubv|o!;‹7;Ѵ bv|ub|o-1bom-Ѵķ-rѴb1࢙m-
Diseño de la muestra y proceso de levantamiento
7ov; ƐƏ ;m|u;ˆbv|-v 7bu;1|-v - l†f;u;v ;m ;7-7 u;-
Ɛĺ ";1-Ѵ1†ѴॕѴ-bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m- ruo7†1ঞˆ-t†;|†ˆb;uomv†rubl;u_bfoņ_bf-m-1b7oņ-
1b-v;]িml†mb1brbov‹ruoˆbm1b-v†ঞѴbŒ-m7oѴ-0-v;7; ˆbˆoņ- ;m ;7-7;v ;m|u; ƐƑ ‹ ƐƖ -ोovĺ ov v†r;uˆb-
7-|ov7;Ѵ;mvo-1bom-Ѵ7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm‹(bˆb;m7-7;Ѵ sores y encuestadores fueron seleccionados por el
-ोoƑƏƐƏĺ "bv|;l-࡛mb1o7;;m;C1b-ubov‹=†;uom;m|u;m-7ov
ub]†uov-l;m|; r-u- ]-u-mঞŒ-u Ѵ- 1ouu;1|- -rѴb1-1bॕm
Ƒĺ "; b7;mঞC1-uom Ѵov rubl;uov ƔƏ l†mb1brbov 7;Ѵ r-झv
7;Ѵ bmv|u†l;m|oĺ ov|;ubou - Ѵ- 1-r|†u- 7; 7-|ovķ v;
1oml-‹ourou1;m|-f;7;l-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ
ruo1;7bॕ-Ѵ-7b]b|-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v;m1†;v|-vroul;7bo7;
ƒĺ 7b1bom-Ѵl;m|;ķv;1olr-uॕ;v|-bm=oul-1bॕm1omѴov †mvbv|;l-7bv;ो-7or-u-|-Ѵ;vCm;v1omѴov7;0b7ov
bm7b1-7ou;vo0|;mb7ov-r-uঞu7;Ѵr-7uॕm7;_o]-u;v‹ 1om|uoѴ;v‹l-ѴѴ-v7;ˆ-Ѵb7-1bॕmm;1;v-ubovĺ bm-Ѵl;m-
r;uvom-v;m1om7b1bॕm7;ro0u;Œ-v†lbmbv|u-7orou;Ѵ |;v;u;-ѴbŒॕѴ-7;r†u-1bॕm7;Ѵ-0-v;7;7-|ov‹v†
"bv|;l-࡛mb1o7;;m;C1b-ubov7;Ѵ-0bm;|;7;oѴझঞ- 7o1†l;m|-1bॕmझm|;]u-ĺ

148 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

uoˆbm1b- †;v|u-";Ѵ;11bom-7-7;o]-u;v o]-u;v m1†;v|-7ov


7;u;vb7;m1b- $u-|-lb;m|o om|uoѴ $o|-Ѵ $u-|-lb;m|o om|uoѴ bŠ|o $o|-Ѵ
bv|ub|o-1bom-Ѵ Ɠƒ Ɛƕ ѵƏ ƒƕ ƒƑ 11 ѶƏ
Œ†- 111 ƓƔ ƐƔѵ ƐƏƓ Ƒƒ ƒƑ ƐƔƖ
-ou†1o 50 ƑƏ ƕƐ ƒѶ ƕ Ɛƕ ѵƑ
-u-_om- Ɩѵ ƒѶ ƐƒƓ ѶƐ ƒƖ ƒƐ 151
Ѵझ-vbो- ƑƑ Ɩ ƒƐ ƐƓ ƒ Ɠ ƑƐ
Independencia ƒƔ ƐƓ ƓƖ ƑƓ 5 Ɛƒ ƓƑ
-(;]- ƒƒ Ɛƒ Ɠѵ ƒƑ Ɛƒ 11 Ɣѵ
;7;um-Ѵ;v ƐƑ 5 Ɛƕ 15 1 Ƒ ƐѶ
San Juan ƑѶ 11 ƒƖ ƒƓ 5 ѵ ƓƔ
Monseñor Nouel ƐƖ Ѷ Ƒƕ ƐѶ Ɠ 5 Ƒƕ
Total 450 180 630 397 132 132 661

";Ѵ;11bॕm7;Ѵ|-l-ोo7;Ѵ-l†;v|u- -u- ;Ѵ 1-vo 7; †m ˆ-Ѵou 7; 1omC-mŒ- 7; ƖƔѷ ;Ѵ ˆ-Ѵou
1uझঞ1o;vb]†-Ѵ-ƐĺƖѵĺ†-m7omov;1omo1;Ѵ-ruo-
  
-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm7;bm|;u࣐v;v|࢙1olr†;v|-roul†f;u;vt†;
rou1bॕm7;r;uvom-vt†;rov;;m;mѴ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmѴ-1-u-1-
t
_-m|;mb7o†m;l0-u-Œo‹t†;ঞ;m;m;7-71olru;m7b7-
|;uझvঞ1-7;;v|†7bov;†ঞѴbŒ-†mˆ-Ѵoub]†-Ѵ-ƏĺƔķѴo
 
;m|u; Ѵov ƑƏ‹ ƒƏ -ोovĺ "; v;Ѵ;11bomॕ †m- l†;v|u- 7;
1†-Ѵঞ;m7;-l-ŠblbŒ-u;Ѵˆ-Ѵou7;Ѵ|-l-ोo7;Ѵ-l†;v|u-ĺ
Ɣƕѵl†f;u;v1om;v-v1om7b1bom;vĺ;7b-m|;;Ѵ†vo7;
+-v†lb;m7o†ml-u];m7;;uuou7;-Ɣѷķ1om†m-
 
la siguiente formula de tamaño de la muestra para po-
ro0Ѵ-1bॕm-mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-Ѵb]†-Ѵ-ѵƐƓķƕƔƏl†f;u;v1om
0Ѵ-1bॕmCmb|-v;r†;7;ˆ;ubC1-ut†;;v-l†;v|u-r;ulb|;
;7-71olru;m7b7-;m|u;ƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोov‹t†;_-‹-m7-7o
o0|;m;u †m mbˆ;Ѵ 7; l-u];m 7; ;uuou 7; l;mov 7; Ɣѷ
-Ѵ†Œķ;Ѵ|-l-ोo7;Ѵ-l†;v|u-r-u-†mmbˆ;Ѵ7;1omC-mŒ-
1om†mmbˆ;Ѵ7;1omC-mŒ-7;†mƖƔѷĹ
7;†mƖƔѷ;vb]†-Ѵ-ƒѶƓr;uvom-vĺ100 Si el margen de
;uuouu;t†;ub7o=†;v;7;ƓĺƐѷķ;Ѵ|-l-ोo7;Ѵ-l†;v|u-
m;1;v-ubov;uझ-7;ƔƕƐr;uvom-vķ1om;Ѵlbvlombˆ;Ѵ7;
1omC-mŒ-ĺ v|o vb]mbC1- t†; Ѵ- l†;v|u- -1|†-Ѵ 7; Ɣƕѵ
l†f;u;v1om;7-7;v1olru;m7b7-v;m|u;ƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोov;v
Donde
v†C1b;m|;r-u-u;-ѴbŒ-u†m-7;1†-7o-m࢙Ѵbvbv;v|-7झvঞ1oķ
= Tamaño de la muestra 1om †m mbˆ;Ѵ 7; 1omC-mŒ- 7; †m ƖƔѷ‹ †m l-u];m 7;
Ʒ$-l-ोo7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm ;uuoul;mou-ѴƔѷĺ
Ʒ(-Ѵou1uझঞ1ov;]িmmbˆ;Ѵ7;1omC-mŒ-
Ʒ
Ʒuorou1bॕm7;r;uvom-vt†;rov;;m;m
Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmѴ-1-u-1|;uझvঞ1- 100
 v-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmv;1-Ѵ1†Ѵॕ-rѴb1-m7oѴ-|-v-bm|;u1;mv-Ѵ7;ƐĺƑƐѷ-Ѵ-ro0Ѵ--
Ʒuorou1bॕm7;r;uvom-vt†;morov;;m 1bॕm7;l†f;u;vl-7u;v1om;7-7;v1olru;m7b7-v;m|u;ƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोov-
 ;mѴ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmѴ-1-u-1|;uझvঞ1- mbˆ;Ѵm-1bom-Ѵĺ mѴovl†mb1brbov7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmķѴ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm7;l†-
f;u;vl-7u;v1om;7-7;v1olru;m7b7-v;m|u;ƑƏ‹ƒƏ-ोov;v7;ƕƖķƕѶƖ
= Margen de error r;uvom-vĺ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 149


ANEXO

Instrumento de captura de información


DIMENSIONES DE LA INVESTIGACIÓN
Ѵ1†;vঞom-ubo-rѴb1-7o-Ѵov_o]-u;v=†;7bv;ो-7o-|u-- CUANTITATIVA
ˆ࣐v7;†mruo1;vo1oѴ-0ou-ঞˆo;b|;u-ঞˆo7;7bv1†vbॕmķ
lo7bC1-1bॕm‹7bv;ोoĺ";ru;v|ॕ;vr;1b-Ѵblrou|-m1b--Ѵ
(-ub-0Ѵ;v7;Ѵझm7b1;7;1-Ѵb7-77;ˆb7-Ő(őĹ
Ѵ;m]†-f;†ঞѴbŒ-7o;mѴ-u;7-11bॕm7;Ѵ-vru;]†m|-v‹u;v-
Ŋ -u-1|;uझvঞ1-v 7; Ѵ- ˆbˆb;m7- ŋ l-|;ub-Ѵ;v rbvovķ
r†;v|-v-Ѵ-rѴb1-u1†b7-7ov-l;m|;†m;m=ot†;bm1Ѵ†vbˆo‹
r-u;7;v‹|;1_oĺ
mov;Šbv|-;mѴ-u;ˆbvbॕm7;Ѵbmv|u†l;m|oĺ Ѵ1†;vঞom-uboķ Ŋ 11;vo - v;uˆb1bov 0࢙vb1ov ŋ -]†-ķ v-m;-lb;m|oķ
7bˆb7b7o;mo1_ov;11bom;v0b;m7;Cmb7-vķ1-r|†uॕbm=ou- 7bvrovb1bॕm7;7;v;1_ovĺ
l-1bॕmvo0u;Ѵ-v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵ_o]-u‹Ѵ-ˆbˆb;m7-ķ
1olrovb1bॕm‹;v|u†1|†u-7;Ѵ_o]-uķrubl;u;l0-u-Œo7; -u-1|;uझvঞ1-v0࢙vb1-v7;Ѵmি1Ѵ;o=-lbѴb-uĹ
Ѵ-l†f;u;m;7-7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵovr--
Ŋ $;m;m1b-7;7o1†l;m|-1bॕmķmbˆ;Ѵ‹;v|-|†v
7u;v 0boѴॕ]b1ov 7; Ѵov rubl;uov _bfovņ-vķ v-Ѵ†7 v;Š†-Ѵ‹  ;7†1-ঞˆoķ;lrѴ;oķbm]u;vovķ;|1ĺ
u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ;m|u;o|u-vĺ

-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵ-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v
Diferencias de medias y de proporciones.
7†u-m|; ;Ѵ rubl;u ;l0-u-Œo 7; †m m-1b7o
v|;l࣐|o7o1olr-u-;v|-7झvঞ1-l;m|;Ѵ-7b=;u;m1b-7; ˆbˆoķ‹-1|†-ѴĹ
l;7b-v‹ruorou1bom;v7;Ѵ-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;l- Ŋ om7b1bॕm7;-1ঞˆb7-7ķbm]u;vovķruo|;11bॕmvo1b-Ѵķ
0-u-Œ-7-v;mv†-7oѴ;v1;m1b-1omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-vl†f;u;v -11;vo-1-r-1b|-1bॕm‹;7†1-1bॕmķ;m|u;o|u-v

t†;1omvঞ|†‹;m;Ѵ]u†ro7;1om|uoѴĺ v|or;ulb|;7;|;u- Ŋ "-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-ĺ


Ŋ 11;vo-bm=oul-1bॕm‹-†vo7;-mঞ1om1;rঞˆov
lbm-uvb;v;;l0-u-Œoঞ;m;†m;=;1|o;v|-7झvঞ1-l;m|;
- Nacimientos subsiguientes
vb]mbC1-ঞˆovo0u;-Ѵ]†m-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v1Ѵ-ˆ;r-u-v†v1om7b-
Ŋ b;m;v|-uv†0f;ঞˆo‹;Šr;1|-ঞˆ-v7;ˆb7-ĺ
1bom;v7;ˆb7-ĺ";†ঞѴbŒ-u࢙Ѵ-ru†;0-|r-u-7;|;ulbm-uvb
Ŋ -u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1oķv†uoѴ7†u-m|;‹
Ѵ-vl;7b-vŐoruorou1bom;vővom;v|-7झvঞ1-l;m|;b]†-Ѵ;vĺ 7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ
Ŋ bv1ublbm-1bॕm‹-0†voĺ
Ecuaciones de Mincer 101

El efecto del embarazo adolescente sobre el ingreso labo-


;1omॕlb1-vt†;;Ѵ;ˆ;;Ѵu;|oumo7;Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmĺ&m-
u-Ѵv;r†;7;;vঞl-u†ঞѴbŒ-m7o†m-;1†-1bॕm7;bm1;uĺ
_brॕ|;vbvr-u-;ˆ-Ѵ†-u;vvb;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;u;-
Ѵrubm1br-Ѵ=-1|out†;;ŠrѴb1-;Ѵbm]u;vo7;Ѵ-r;uvom-;v
7†1; ;Ѵ mbˆ;Ѵ ;7†1-ঞˆo‹ķ ;m 1omv;1†;m1b-ķ ;Ѵ bm]u;vo
Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕmĺ "; _- 7;lov|u-7o t†;ķ ;m ruol;7boķ Ѵ-v
7;Ѵ-l†f;uĺ
r;uvom-v1oml-‹ou;v1oѴ-ub7-7o0ঞ;m;mmbˆ;Ѵ;v7;bm-
]u;vovv†r;ubou;vĺ-u-t†;-†l;m|;Ѵ-7;l-m7-7;-ोov -;1†-1bॕm7;bm1;u1021†-mঞC1-Ѵ-u;Ѵ-1bॕm;m|u;Ѵ-
7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7v;u;t†b;u;†m;m|oumo7;orou|†mb7-7;v ;7†1-1bॕm‹ Ѵov bm]u;vov 7; Ѵ-v r;uvom-vĺ v; lo7;Ѵo

101
ubv|‹Ŋ v1†7;uŐƑƏƐѵőru;v;m|-†m-7;v1ubr1bॕm‹;vঞl-1bॕm7;;1†-1bom;v7;bm1;uĺ
102
(࣐-v;bm1;uŐƐƖƕƓő‹;1hl-m;|-ѴĺŐƑƏƏƒőĺ

150 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

_-1; 7;r;m7;u Ѵov bm]u;vov 7; Ѵ- 1-mঞ7-7 7; -ोov 7; †-m7oơ ;vr;t†;ोoķl;mou-ƏĺƐķbm-
1
;7†1-1bॕmŋo;v1oѴ-ub7-7Ŋ‹7;Ѵov-ोov7;;Šr;ub;m1b- terpretándose ơ 1olo;Ѵu;|oumo-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmĺ
1
Ѵ-0ou-Ѵĺ 7;l࢙vķ bm1Ѵ†‹; o|u-v ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v 7; 1om|uoѴ t†;
- ;1†-1bॕm 7; bm1;u t†; v; ;vঞl- 1ouub]; ;Ѵ v;v]o
-‹†7-m-u;7†1bu;Ѵv;v]orouˆ-ub-0Ѵ;volbঞ7-vt†;v†;-
7;v;Ѵ;11bॕmķ†ঞѴbŒ-m7oѴ-l;|o7oѴo]झ-7;7ov;|-r-v7;
Ѵ;|;m;uѴ-;vr;1bC1-1bॕm7;Ѵovlo7;Ѵovt†;vॕѴobm1Ѵ†-
;1hl-mĺ105 v;lo7;Ѵo-v†l;t†;;Šbv|;†m-u;Ѵ-1bॕm
‹;mѴ-;7†1-1bॕm‹Ѵov-ोov7;;Šr;ub;m1b-ĺ
v†0‹-1;m|; ;m|u; Ѵ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ; 7;r;m7b;m|; Őbĺ;ĺķ bm]u;vovő
Ѵlo7;Ѵo0࢙vb1o7;bm1;uŐƐƖƕƓő_-1;7;r;m7;u;ѴѴo- ‹†mˆ;1|ou7;ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v;ŠrѴb1-ঞˆ-vŐ;ĺ]ĺķ;7†1-1bॕmķ;Š-
]-ub|lo7;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;vovŊroul;vorou_ou-Ŋ1olo r;ub;m1b-őĺ"bѴ-vr;uvom-vt†;u;rou|-mbm]u;vov|ol-m
†m-=†m1bॕm7;Ѵov-ोov;7†1-1bॕm‹7;Ѵov-ोov
    Ѵ-7;1bvbॕm7;|u-0-f-u-Ѵ;-|oub-l;m|;mo_-0uझ-bm1omˆ;-
7;;Šr;ub;m1b-Ѵ-0ou-Ѵ|-m|o7;l-m;u-Ѵbm;-Ѵ1olo
 mb;m|;;mvॕѴobm1Ѵ†bu;m;Ѵlo7;ѴoѴ-vo0v;uˆ-1bom;v7;
103
1†-7u࢙ঞ1-ĺ r;uvom-v1ombm]u;vovl-‹ou;v-1;uoĺ;uoķvbѴ-ro0Ѵ--
1bॕmt†;r-uঞ1br-;m;Ѵl;u1-7oѴ-0ou-Ѵŋ‹t†;ঞ;m;Ѵ-
rovb0bѴb7-77;;v|-u|u-0-f-m7o‹u;1b0bubm]u;vovŋ;v;v-
|-7झvঞ1-l;m|;7b=;u;m|;-Ѵ-t†;mor-uঞ1br-ķ;m|om1;v
;Ѵu;v†Ѵ|-7o7;;vঞl-uѴ-;1†-1bॕm7;u;]u;vbॕm|ol-m7o
;m1omvb7;u-1bॕmিmb1-l;m|;Ѵ-bm=oul-1bॕm7;Ѵovt†;
r;u1b0;m bm]u;vov ro7uझ- -uuof-u ;vঞl-7ou;v v;v]-7ovĺ
ou;v;loঞˆo_-‹t†;bm1Ѵ†bu;m;Ѵ-m࢙ѴbvbvѴ-ruo0-0bѴb-
-bm|;uru;|-1bॕm7;Ѵ1o;C1b;m|;t†;-1olr-ो-Ѵ-;7†-
7-77;r;u|;m;1;u;mѴ-=†;uŒ-Ѵ-0ou-Ѵĺ
1-1bॕm ;v u;Ѵ-ঞˆ-l;m|; v;m1bѴѴ-ĺ -7o t†; Ѵ- ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;
7;r;m7b;m|;;v;ѴѴo]-ub|lo7;Ѵv-Ѵ-uboķ;Ѵ1o;C1b;m|;v; -;1†-1bॕm7;u;]u;vbॕmŐ;ĺ]ĺķ7;Ѵlo7;Ѵo7;bm]u;vovő;vĹ
bm|;uru;|- 1olo ;Ѵ u;|oumo - Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕm ;m |࣐ulbmov
u;Ѵ-ঞˆovĺ ; l-m;u- l࢙v ru;1bv-ķ ơ1 ;v †m- -ruoŠbl--
1bॕm-Ѵ-7bv|-m1b-u;Ѵ-ঞˆ-7;Ѵbm]u;vo;m|u;7ovr;uvom-v
1†‹-িmb1-7b=;u;m1b-;vt†;†m-7;;ѴѴ-vrov;;†m-ोo
-7b1bom-Ѵ 7; ;7†1-1bॕmĺ "b v; ঞ;m;m 7ov l†f;u;v (i, j)
;Š-1|-l;m|;b]†-Ѵ;vķ;Š1;r|orou†m-ोo7;;v1oѴ-ub7-7ķ
Ѵ-7b=;u;m1b-7;bm]u;vov;vb]†-Ѵ-Ĺ104

103
";ru;ˆ࣐†m-u;Ѵ-1bॕm1ॕm1-ˆ-;m|u;Ѵ-;Šr;ub;m1b-‹;ѴѴo]-ub|lo7;Ѵbm]u;vo7;Ѵ|u-0-f-7ouĺ
104
(࣐-v;-Œ;mŐƑƏƐƐőķrĺƑƏĺ
105
(࣐-v;;1hl-mŐƐƖƕƖőr-u-†m-ru;v;m|-1bॕm7;v†l;|o7oѴo]झ-ĺ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 151


ANEXO

v- ˆ-ub-0Ѵ; 7;r;m7b;m|; vॕѴo v; o0v;uˆ- 1†-m7o v; ;7†1-ঞˆo-r-uঞu7;rubl;uo7;rubl-ub-ĺ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;7;-


1†lrѴ;Ѵ-vb]†b;m|;;1†-1bॕm7;v;Ѵ;11bॕmt†;7;Cm;Ѵ- r;m7b;m|;7;Ѵ-;1†-1bॕm7;v;Ѵ;11bॕm|ol-ˆ-Ѵou7;†mo
r-uঞ1br-1bॕm;mѴ- Ĺ vb Ѵ- l†f;u ;v|࢙ ;m Ѵ- ro0Ѵ-1bॕm ;1omॕlb1- -1ঞˆ-‹ 7;
1;uovbmo;v|࢙ĺ

o7;Ѵo0bm-uboѴo]झvঞ1o

†-m7oѴ-Ѵ-u;]u;vbॕm-rѴb1-7--Ѵ- Ѵ;v|†7bo†ঞѴbŒ-u࢙;Ѵlo7;Ѵo0bm-uboѴo]झvঞ1oŐlogit) para


ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;7;r;m7b;m|;-uuof-;vঞl-1bom;vv;v]-7-vĺ ;vঞl-uѴ-=†m1bॕm7;ruo0-0bѴb7-77;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v-
1;m|;ĺ - =oul- ];m;u-Ѵ 7;Ѵ lo7;Ѵo logit t†; v; †ঞѴbŒ-
- rubl;u- ;|-r- 7;Ѵ l࣐|o7o 7; ;1hl-m 1omvbv|; ;m
r-u-1†-mঞC1-uѴ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;t†;†m-foˆ;mv;_-‹-
Ѵ- ;vঞl-1bॕm 7; Ѵ- ;1†-1bॕm 7; v;Ѵ;11bॕm l;7b-m|; †m
;l0-u-Œ-7o;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;vѴ-vb]†b;m|;Ĺ
modelo probitĹ

;;v-;vঞl-1bॕmv;r†;7;1-Ѵ1†Ѵ-uѴ-u-Œॕmbmˆ;uv-7;
bѴѴvĹķ7om7;vomѴ-v=†m1bom;v7;7;mŊ

vb7-7 moul-Ѵ‹ -1†l†Ѵ-7- moul-Ѵķ u;vr;1ঞˆ-l;m|;ĺ - Donde, ;v;Ѵˆ;1|ou7;ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v;ŠrѴb1-ঞˆ-v‹ӭ es el


x
v;]†m7-;|-r-1omvbv|;;mѴ-;vঞl-1bॕm7;Ѵ-;1†-1bॕm 1omf†m|o7;r-u࢙l;|uov-vo1b-7ov-1-7-†m-7;;ѴѴ-vĺ
7; u;]u;vbॕm -†l;m|-7- rou Ѵ- u-Œॕm bmˆ;uv- 7; bѴѴvķ r-uঞu7;;v-=†m1bॕm7;ruo0-0bѴb7-7v;u;-ѴbŒ-†m-u;-
-rѴb1-7--Ѵ-vo0v;uˆ-1bom;v1omˆ-Ѵou;v7;bm]u;vovl-- ]u;vbॕmѴo]झvঞ1-t†;1omvbv|;;m_-1;u;ѴѴo]-ub|lo7;Ѵ-
‹ou;vt†;1;uoĺ u-Œॕm7;rovb0bѴb7-7;vŐbĺ;ĺķo77vu-ঞoő†m-=†m1bॕmѴbm;-Ѵ
7;Ѵˆ;1|ou7;ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v;ŠrѴb1-ঞˆ-vķ;vঞl࢙m7ov;Ѵovr--
u࢙l;|uovrou;Ѵl࣐|o7o7;l࢙Šbl-ˆ;uovblbѴb|†7ĺ
;1hl-m 7;l†;v|u- t†; -Ѵ bm1Ѵ†bu Ѵ- u-Œॕm bmˆ;uv- 7;
bѴѴv1oloˆ-ub-0Ѵ;;ŠrѴb1-ঞˆ-v;;Ѵblbm-;Ѵv;v]o7;Ѵov
1o;C1b;m|;v;vঞl-7ovĺ"b;Ѵ1o;C1b;m|;ӭ ;v;v|-7झvঞ1--
l;m|;7b=;u;m|;7;1;uoķѴov1o;C1b;m|;v7;Ѵlo7;Ѵo7;
u;]u;vbॕm;vঞl-7ovvbmѴ-bm1Ѵ†vbॕm7;Ѵ-u-Œॕm7;bѴѴv
v;uझ-mv;v]-7ov;bm1omvbv|;m|;vĺ r-uঞu7;Ѵovu;v†Ѵ|-7ov7;;v-v;vঞl-1bom;vv;7;|;u-
mina si los parámetros ӭvom;v|-7झvঞ1-l;m|;7b=;u;m|;v
-v;1†-1bom;v7;bm1;uķ-f†v|-7-vrouv;v]o7;v;Ѵ;1-
de cero y se simula la probabilidad del embarazado ado-
1bॕmķv;;vঞl-u࢙mr-u-Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕmo1†r-7-l-‹ou-ƐƔ
Ѵ;v1;m|;;m=†m1bॕm7;7bˆ;uvovˆ-Ѵou;v7;Ѵ-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v
-ोovĺ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;7;r;m7b;m|;;v;ѴѴo]-ub|lo7;Ѵbm]u;vo
;ŠrѴb1-ঞˆ-vĺ
l;mv†-Ѵĺ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;t†;u;Y;f-u࢙;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;;7†1-1bॕm
1†-mঞC1- Ѵ- 1-mঞ7-7 7; -ोov -ruo0-7ov ;m ;Ѵ vbv|;l-

152 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

El método de diferencias en diferencias 106 m;m|;;m|u;-l0ov]u†rovķ-vझ1olo|-l0b࣐mv;v]ovt†;


r†;7-mv†u]bu7;Ѵ-1olr-u-1bॕm-ѴoѴ-u]o7;Ѵঞ;lro;m
- l;|o7oѴo]झ- 7; 7b=;u;m1b-v ;m 7b=;u;m1b-v v; †ঞѴbŒ-
;Ѵ ]u†ro 7; |u-|-lb;m|o t†; r†;7; v;u ;Ѵ u;v†Ѵ|-7o 7;
para determinar el impacto del embarazo adolescente
|;m7;m1b-vmou;Ѵ-1bom-7-v1om;Ѵ|u-|-lb;m|oĺ-;Ѵblb-
vo0u;;Ѵbm]u;vo7;Ѵ-l†f;uĺ m;v|;1-vov;†ঞѴbŒ-1olo
m-1bॕm7;;vovv;v]ovr;ulb|;b7;mঞC1-u1ouu;1|-l;m|;
]u†ro7;|u-|-lb;m|o-Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;7;1Ѵ-u-uom_-0;u
;Ѵ;=;1|o|u-|-lb;m|oruol;7boŐbĺ;ĺķ7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoőĺ
t†;7-7o;l0-u-Œ-7-v;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹1olo]u†ro
7; 1om|uoѴ - Ѵ-v l†f;u;v t†; t†;7-uom ;l0-u-Œ-7-v - Ѵ;vঞl-7ou7;7b=;u;m1b-v;m7b=;u;m1b-vv;7;Cm;1olo
r-uঞu7;ѴovƑƏ-ोovĺ la diferencia entre el promedio post tratamiento y el pro-
l;7bo-m|;v7;Ѵ|u-|-lb;m|oŐbĺ;ķ;Ѵ1-l0bo;m|u;t = 0 y t
ov lo7;Ѵov 7; 7b=;u;m1b-v ;m 7b=;u;m1b-v Ő ő 1omvঞ-
= 1ő7;Ѵ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;7;bm|;u࣐vŐ;ĺ]ĺķ;Ѵbm]u;voő7;Ѵ]u†ro7;
|†‹;mѴ-;vr;1bC1-1bॕm;1omol࣐|ub1-l࢙v†ঞѴbŒ-7-r-u-
tratamiento y el cambio en ese mismo pe-
-m-ѴbŒ-u;Ѵ;=;1|ooblr-1|o7;†m1-l0bo7;roѴझঞ1-o
uझo7ou;]bv|u-7o;m;Ѵruol;7bo7;Ѵ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;7;bm|;u࣐v
bm|;uˆ;m1bॕm 7;|;ulbm-7-ĺ "†v -rѴb1-1bom;v v; 1;m|u-m
del grupo de control
;m;Ѵ1om|;Š|o7;;Šr;ubl;m|ovm-|†u-Ѵ;vo1†-vb;Šr;ub-
l;m|ovĺ v|;l࣐|o7or;ulb|;;Ѵblbm-uѴ-bmY†;m1b-7;Ѵ-
_;|;uo];m;b7-7bm7bˆb7†-ѴķѴo1†-Ѵrovb0bѴb|-o0|;m;u†m-
;vঞl-1bॕmbmv;v]-7-Őbĺ;ĺķ1ouu;1|-ő7;Ѵ;=;1|o7;Ѵ;l0--
u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ
;l-m;u-1omˆ;m1bom-Ѵv;†ঞѴbŒ-†mlo7;Ѵo7;u;]u;-
m Ѵ- Ѵb|;u-|†u- vo0u; ;Ѵ -m࢙Ѵbvbv 7;Ѵ blr-1|o 7; roѴझঞ1- vbॕmr-u-l࣐|ub1oѴbm;-Ѵr-u-o0|;m;u;Ѵ;vঞl-7ou7;7b-
obm|;uˆ;m1bom;v†ঞѴbŒ-m7o;Ѵl࣐|o7o7;7b=;u;m1b-v;m =;u;m1b-v;m7b=;u;m1b-vĺ107-;1†-1bॕmr-u-;vঞl-u;Ѵ
7b=;u;m1b-v v; ঞ;m;m 7ov ]u†rov 7; ro0Ѵ-1bॕm‹ rou Ѵo blr-1|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;vĹ
l;mov7ovr;uझo7ovĺ vov]u†rovmom;1;vb|-mv;u;Š-1-
|-l;m|;b]†-Ѵ;vķr†;vѴ-l;|o7oѴo]झ-r;ulb|;;Ѵblbm-u;Ѵ
;=;1|o7;Ѵ-v7b=;u;m1b-v;m|u;;ѴѴovĺoblrou|-m|;;vt†;
7; ;vov 7ov ]u†rov vॕѴo †mo u;1b0; ;Ѵ |u-|-lb;m|o Ő;m
;v|; 1-vo ;v _-0;u t†;7-7o ;l0-u-Œ-7- ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v-
yit ;vѴ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;u;v†Ѵ|-7o7;bm|;u࣐vŐ;ĺ]ĺķbm]u;vovőĺ
1;m1b-őķ ;Ѵ 1†-Ѵ v; r;u1b0; ;m ;Ѵ v;]†m7o r;uझo7oĺ v|o
vb]mbC1-t†;;m;Ѵrubl;ur;uझo7ombm]†mo7;Ѵov]u†rov Gi, |ol-ˆ-Ѵou b]†-Ѵ - Ɛ vb v; |u-|- 7;Ѵ ]u†ro 7; |u-|--
v; ;Šrom; -Ѵ |u-|-lb;m|oĺ Ѵ-ˆ-ub-1bॕm 7;Ѵ bm]u;vo 7;Ѵ lb;m|oŐbĺ;ĺķl†f;ut†;v;;l0-u-Œॕ;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ő
]u†ro|u-|-7ov;Ѵ;u;v|-Ѵ-ˆ-ub-1bॕm7;Ѵbm]u;vo7;Ѵ]u†ro ‹7;1;uovb;v;Ѵ7;1om|uoѴŐmov;;l0-u-Œॕ;mѴ--7o-
7;1om|uoѴĺ v-or;u-1bॕmķt†;1omvbv|;;m†m-7b=;u;m1b- Ѵ;v1;m1b-őĺ1-r|†u-Ѵ-vrovb0Ѵ;v7b=;u;m1b-v;m|u;;Ѵ
;m7b=;u;m1b-ķ;Ѵblbm-1†-Ѵt†b;uv;v]o;mѴ-1olr-u-1bॕm ingreso de los grupos de control y de tratamiento antes
7;Ѵv;]†m7or;uझo7ot†;r†;7-;Šbvঞu7;l-m;u-r;ul-- 7;t†;o1†uu-Ѵ-bm|;uˆ;m1bॕmĺ

106
 v|-v;11bॕmv;=†m7-l;m|-;mubv|‹Ŋ v1†7;uŐƑƏƐƓőĺ
107
(࣐-v;l0;mv‹)ooѴ7ub7];ŐƑƏƏƕőĺ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 153


ANEXO

Tt, |ol-ˆ-Ѵoub]†-Ѵ-1;uovb;v;Ѵr;uझo7oru;bm|;uˆ;m- confundirá con las diferencias permanentes en el grupo


1bॕmŐ-m|;v7;t†;o1†uu-;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoő‹7;Ɛvbv;|u-|- 7;|u-|-lb;m|o‹7;1om|uoѴ-m|;v7;Ѵ|u-|-lb;m|oĺ
7;Ѵr;uझo7orov|bm|;uˆ;m1bॕmķ
Ѵ;vঞl-7ou7;7b=;u;m1b-v;m7b=;u;m1b-v;vbmv;v-
ơ1 )u;1o];Ѵov=-1|ou;vt†;r†;7;m;ŠrѴb1-u†m-ˆ-ub-- ]-7ovb;Ѵ1-l0bo7;roѴझঞ1-mo;v|࢙vbv|;l࢙ঞ1-l;m|;
1bॕm7;Ѵ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;7;u;v†Ѵ|-7oy, aun cuando no ocurra u;Ѵ-1bom-7o 1om o|uov =-1|ou;v t†; ;ŠrѴb1-m Ѵ- ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;
Ѵ-bm|;uˆ;m1bॕmŐbĺ;ĺķ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;őĺ resultado yit . Ѵl࣐|o7o7;7b=;u;m1b-v;m7b=;u;m1b-v;v-
|-0Ѵ;1;t†;Ѵov1-l0bov;m|u;Ѵov]u†rov7;|u-|-lb;m|o
Cit = Tit . Gi, |ol-ˆ-Ѵou b]†-Ѵ - Ɛ r-u- Ѵ-v o0v;uˆ-1bo-
‹1om|uoѴv;7;0;িmb1-l;m|;-Ѵ-roѴझঞ1-7;bm|;uˆ;m-
m;v;m;Ѵ]u†ro7;|u-|-lb;m|o;m;Ѵv;]†m7or;uझo7oķ
1bॕmĺ"b;Šbv|;mo|u-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vt†;bmY†‹;mvo0u;Ѵ-7b-
‹1-r|†u-Ѵ-bm|;u-11bॕm;m|u;Ѵov]u†rov7;l†f;u;vŐ7;
=;u;m1b-7;Ѵ-|;m7;m1b-7;-l0ov]u†rovѴ-;vঞl-1bॕm
1om|uoѴ‹|u-|-lb;m|oő‹;Ѵr;uझo7oŐ-m|;v‹7;vr†࣐v7;Ѵ
7;;v|-uझ-v;v]-7-ĺ v;v;v]ov;;Ѵblbm-uझ-l;7b-m-
;l0-u-Œoőĺ
|;Ѵ-bm1Ѵ†vbॕm;m;Ѵlo7;Ѵo7;u;]u;vbॕm7;o|u-vˆ-ub--
"†1o;C1b;m|;;v;Ѵ;vঞl-7ou7;7b=;u;m1b-v;m 0Ѵ;v;ŠrѴb1-ঞˆ-vķt†;bmY†‹-mvo0u;Ѵ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;u;v†Ѵ|-7o
7b=;u;m1b-vĺ-u-7;|;ulbm-uvb;v;v|-7झvঞ1-l;m|; Ő;ĺ]ĺķbm]u;voőĺ
7b=;u;m|;7;1;uov;;vঞl-;1omol࣐|ub1-l;m|;l;7b-m-
|;oķ-ruoˆ;1_-m7oѴ-v1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;7-|ov7; ࣐|o7o7;;lr-u;f-lb;m|orour†m|-f;7;ruor;mvbॕm
r-m;Ѵķl;7b-m|;Ѵ--rѴb1-1bॕm7;lo7;Ѵov7;;=;1|ovCfov
Ѵ l࣐|o7o 7; ;lr-u;f-lb;m|o rou r†m|-f; 7; ruor;m-
o aleatorios, lo cual permite calcular su error estándar y
vbॕmŐpropensity score matchingőķ7;v-uuoѴѴ-7orou!ov;m-
u;-ѴbŒ-uѴ-ru†;0-7;_brॕ|;vbvvo0u;v†vb]mbC1-1bॕm;v-
0-†l‹!†0bmŐƐƖѶƒőķr;ulb|;;Ѵblbm-u;Ѵv;v]o7;;m7o-
|-7झvঞ1-ĺ
];m;b7-7t†;v;1u;-1†-m7oѴ-1om7b1bॕm7;_-0;uvb7o
Ѵ;vঞl-7ou7;7b=;u;m1b-v;m7b=;u;m1b-v;vl;fout†; ;l0-u-Œ-7-;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;v|࢙u;Ѵ-1bom-7-Őrovbঞˆ-
;Ѵ;vঞl-7ou0-v-7o;mѴ-1olr-u-1bॕm7;Ѵruol;7bo7; om;]-ঞˆ-l;m|;ő1omѴovu;vb7†ov7;Ѵlo7;Ѵo;1omol࣐-
Ѵ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ; 7; u;v†Ѵ|-7o 7;Ѵ ]u†ro 7; |u-|-lb;m|o‹ 7;Ѵ |ub1o t†; |u-|- 7; 7;|;ulbm-u Ѵ- bmY†;m1b- 7;Ѵ ;l0-u--
]u†ro7;1om|uoѴ7;vr†࣐v7;t†;v;ѴѴ;ˆ;-1-0o;Ѵ|u-- Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;vo0u;;Ѵbm]u;vobm1Ѵ†‹;m7oিmb1-l;m|;
|-lb;m|oĺ 1oloˆ-ub-0Ѵ; ;ŠrѴb1-ঞˆ- Ѵ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ; 7; ;l0-u-Œo -7o-
Ѵ;v1;m|;ĺ - -rѴb1-1bॕm 7;Ѵ l࣐|o7o 7; ;lr-u;f-lb;m|o
rour†m|-f;7;ruor;mvbॕmr;ulb|;o0|;m;u1o;C1b;m|;v
;vঞl-7ovķ1olo;Ѵt†;1†-mঞC1-;Ѵblr-1|o7;Ѵ;l0--
razo adolescente sobre los ingresos, insesgados y con-
vbv|;m|;vĺ
†;7-1Ѵ-uot†;;Ѵ;vঞl-7ou;vv;v]-7oķ-l;mov

t†;;v7;1buķv;u࢙v;v]-7ovb;Šbv|;†m-7b=;u;m- -;vঞl-1bॕm0-v-7-;mr†m|-f;7;ruor;mvbॕmŐruor;m-

1b-;m;Ѵruol;7bo7;Ѵ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;u;v†Ѵ|-7o;m|u;;Ѵ]u†ro vb|‹v1ou;ő1†-mঞC1-Ѵ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;|;m;u;l0-u-Œo

7;|u-|-lb;m|o‹;Ѵ7;1om|uoѴ-m|;v7;Ѵ--rѴb1-1bॕm7;Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m|;1om7b1bom-7o-†m1omf†m|o7;ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v;Š-

roѴझঞ1-ĺ m;v|;1-vo;Ѵˆ;u7-7;uo;=;1|o|u-|-lb;m|ov; rѴb1-ঞˆ-vĺ Ѵo0f;ঞˆo;v1olr-u-uѴovbm]u;vovѴ-0ou-Ѵ;v

154 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vt†;ķ0-v-7o;mѴ-vˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v;ŠrѴb1-ঞˆ-v El comando |;@;1|vrvl-|1_108 de Stata permite la apli-


o0v;uˆ-0Ѵ;vķঞ;m;m†m-ruo0-0bѴb7-7vblbѴ-u7;v;u;l- 1-1bॕm7bu;1|-7;Ѵl࣐|o7o7;;lr-u;f-lb;m|o7;r†m|--
0-u-Œ-7-v ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- Őbĺ;ĺķ ;v|o blrѴb1- |;m;u ;Ѵ f;7;ruor;mvbॕmr-u-1-Ѵ1†Ѵ-u;Ѵ;=;1|o7;|u-|-lb;m|o
lbvloruor;mvb|‹v1ou;őķr;uo†m-7;;ѴѴ-v=†;;l0-u-- ruol;7bo vo0u; Ѵov |u-|-7ov Ő$ $ķ109 por sus siglas en
Œ-7-;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹Ѵ-o|u--†m-;7-7l࢙v-7†Ѵ|-ĺ bm]Ѵ࣐vőĺ ;vr†࣐v7;1-Ѵ1†Ѵ-u1om;Ѵlo7;Ѵoruo0b|ŐoѴo]b|ő
-7b=;u;m1b-;m;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;vov;Šbv|;m|;;m|u;;vov Ѵ- ruo0-0bѴb7-7 7; ;l0-u-Œo -7oѴ;v1;m|;ķ v; †ঞѴbŒ- ;v-
7ovঞrov7;l†f;uv;uझ-;ŠrѴb1-7-িmb1-l;m|;rou;Ѵ;l- bm=oul-1bॕm r-u- ;lr-u;f-u 1-7- o0v;uˆ-1bॕm 7; l†f;u
0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĺ ;l0-u-Œ-7-;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-Ő|u-|-lb;m|oő1om†m-Őo
ˆ-ub-vől†f;u;vt†;mov;;l0-u-Œ-uomru;l-|†u-l;m|;
v|; l࣐|o7o ;v -ruorb-7o - l-‹ou mbˆ;Ѵ 7; -Ѵ;-|oub;-
Ő1om|uoѴőķ†ঞѴbŒ-m7oѴovr†m|-f;v7;ruor;mvbॕmvblbѴ-u;vĺ
7-7;mѴ-7;|;ulbm-1bॕm7;t†b;mu;1b0;;Ѵ|u-|-lb;m|o
";1u;-m7ovˆ-ub-0Ѵ;v7;bm]u;vor-u-1-7-o0v;uˆ-1bॕm
‹t†b;mmoĺ Ѵl࣐|o7o7;ruor;mvb|‹v1ou;mo=†m1bom-
(y0 , y1).
0b;mvb|o7--t†;ѴѴ-1om†m;Ѵ;ˆ-7o]u-7o7;ruor;mvb7-7
=†;;l0-u-Œ-7-;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹|o7--t†;ѴѴ-1om†m -ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;y0 u;1o];;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;voo0v;uˆ-7o7;Ѵ-v
ruor;mvb|‹v1ou;0-fomoѴo=†;ķr†;vv;m;1;vb|-ro7;u l†f;u;vt†;mov;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹Ѵ-
1olr-u-ul†f;u;v1om;Ѵlbvlor†m|-f;r;uot†;†m-v ˆ-ub-0Ѵ; y1;Ѵmbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;voo0v;uˆ-7o7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v
v;_-‹-m;l0-u-Œ-7o;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹o|u-vmoĺ v|; t†;vझѴo_b1b;uomĺ
l࣐|o7omo|ol-;m1omvb7;u-1bॕmˆ-ub-0Ѵ;vmoo0v;uˆ--
Ѵ;vঞl-7ou7;;lr-u;f-lb;m|o0-v-7o;m;Ѵr†m|-f;7;
0Ѵ;vt†;r†;7-m;v|-u;ŠrѴb1-m7ot†;†m-l†f;uv;_-‹-
ruor;mvbॕm1oѴo1--1-7-l†f;u;l0-u-Œ-7-;mѴ--7o-
;l0-u-Œ-7o;m-7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ
Ѵ;v1;m1b-†mmbˆ;Ѵ7;bm]u;voy0 b]†-Ѵ-Ѵt†;ঞ;m;Ѵ-l†f;u
Ѵrubl;ur-vo1omvbv|;;mѴ-;vঞl-1bॕm7;Ѵr†m|-f;7; t†; v; ;l0-u-Œॕ - †m- ;7-7 l-‹ou 1om ;Ѵ r†m|-f; 7;
ruor;mvbॕml;7b-m|;;Ѵ†vo7;†mlo7;Ѵo7;u;]u;vbॕm ruor;mvbॕml࢙v1;u1-moĺ-7b=;u;m1b-;m|u;-l0ovঞrov
Ѵo]झvঞ1-7om7;Ѵ-ˆ-ub-0Ѵ;7;r;m7b;m|;;v0bm-ub-ķ|ol-m- 7;bm]u;vov7;Ѵ-l†f;ut†;v;;l0-u-Œॕ;mѴ--7oѴ;v-
7oˆ-Ѵoub]†-Ѵ-Ѵ-†mb7-7vbѴ-l†f;uv;;l0-u-Œॕ;mѴ- 1;m1b--uuof-;Ѵ;=;1|o7;|u-|-lb;m|oruol;7bovo0u;Ѵov
-7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹1;uovbmov;;l0-u-Œॕ;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ |u-|-7ovŐ$ $ķrouv†vvb]Ѵ-v;mbm]Ѵ࣐vőĺ
-ru;7b11bॕm7;Ѵ-ruo0-0bѴb7-77;v;u;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v-
1;m|;;v;Ѵruor;mvb|‹v1ou;ĺ Ѵv;]†m7or-vo;vѴ-7;- ATET = (y1 - y0 Embarazo adolescente = 1)
|;ulbm-1bॕm7;Ѵ;=;1|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;vo0u;
;Ѵbm]u;voѴ-0ou-Ѵķ-vb]m-m7ombˆ;Ѵ;v7;bm]u;vo-Ѵ-vl†-
f;u;vt†;v;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-7;-t†;ѴѴ-v
l†f;u;vt†;mov;;l0-u-Œ-uom;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-t†;
tengan la misma probabilidad de haberse embarazado en
Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ

108
(࣐-v;†m-ru;v;m|-1bॕm7;;v;1ol-m7o7;"|-|-;m_‚rvĹņņ‰‰‰ĺv|-|-ĺ1olņl-m†-ѴvƐƒņ|;ĺr7=ĺ
109
ˆ;u-];$u;-|l;m| @;1|om|_;$u;-|;7ĺ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 155


ANEXO

mˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ- - mombl-|o7;Ѵ;m|u;ˆbv|-7oĹv;7;0;]-u-mঞŒ-ut†;v;
u;vr;|-u࢙Ѵ-b7;mঞ7-77;Ѵ;m|u;ˆbv|-7o‹t†;mov;u࢙
Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆoru;v;m|-7o;m;v|;7o1†l;m|ov;
r†0Ѵb1-7-vbmv†1omv;mঞlb;m|oĺ
=†m7-l;m|ॕ;mѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v-ruo=†m7b7-7u;-ѴbŒ-7-v
-†m1omf†m|o7bˆ;uvo7;bm=oul-m|;vr;u|;m;1b;m|;v- - |ou]-u-Ѵ;m|u;ˆbv|-7oѴ-or1bॕm7;u;ˆbv-uѴ-r†0Ѵb1--
comunidades seleccionadas por sus altas tasas de mater- 1bॕm-m|;v7;v;uCm-ѴbŒ-7-ĺ
mb7-7;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;bm1b7;m1b-7;Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-ĺ";]িm
- ˆb|-u;Ѵbm|;u1-l0bo7;7bm;uoou;]-Ѵov-1-l0bo7;
Ѵ-7;Cmb1bॕm7;$-‹Ѵou‹o]7-mŐƐƖѶƕőѴ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v-
bm=oul-1bॕmĺ
ruo=†m7b7-7vom;m|u;ˆbv|-v1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆ-vY;Šb0Ѵ;v‹7bm࢙-
lb1-vt†;1omvbv|;m;m;m1†;m|uov1-u--1-u-;m|u;;Ѵ - Establecer un horario general y un lugar propicio para
bmˆ;vঞ]-7ou‹Ѵovbm=oul-m|;vĺ v|ov;m1†;m|uovv;7bub- Ѵov ;m1†;m|uov 7;Ѵ bmˆ;vঞ]-7ou ‹ ;Ѵ bm=oul-m|; t†;
];m_-1b-Ѵ-1olru;mvbॕm7;Ѵ-vr;uvr;1ঞˆ-vt†;ঞ;m;m ]-u-mঞ1;Ѵ-rubˆ-1b7-7‹u;Ѵ-f-1bॕm7;;v|;িѴঞloĺ
Ѵovbm=oul-m|;vu;vr;1|o7;v†vˆb7-vķ;Šr;ub;m1b-vovb-
Ѵruorॕvb|o7;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆo1omvbvঞॕ;mo0|;m;u
|†-1bom;v;Šru;v-7-v1omv†vruorb-vr-Ѵ-0u-vĺ110
bm=oul-1bॕm 7;|-ѴѴ-7- 7; Ѵ-v 1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v 7;ˆb7- -1-
-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v-ruo=†m7b7-7v;1-u-1|;ubŒ-mrou;lrѴ;-u tuales y las dimensiones de impacto al momento del pri-
†mlo7;Ѵo7;1omˆ;uv-1bॕm;m|u;b]†-Ѵ;vl†‹-Ѵ;f-7o7;
Ѵ-vbmˆ;vঞ]-1bom;v=oul-Ѵ;v7;ru;]†m|-v‹u;vr†;v|-vĺ DIMENSIONES DE LA INVESTIGACIÓN
Ѵbmˆ;vঞ]-7ou;v;Ѵbmv|u†l;m|o7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm‹mo CUALITATIVA:
†mruo|o1oѴoo=oul†Ѵ-ubo7;;m|u;ˆbv|-ĸv†uoѴblrѴb1-mo
Ŋ ;1†m7b7-7ĺ
voѴoѴ-o0|;m1bॕm7;u;vr†;v|-vķvbmo|-l0b࣐m-ru;m7;u
Ŋ 7†1-1bॕmķuoѴruo|;1|ou7;Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-ĺ
t†࣐ru;]†m|-v_-1;u‹;Ѵlo7o7;_-1;uѴ-vĺ111
Ŋ rou|†mb7-7;v7;|u-0-fo;bm]u;vovĺ
Ŋ bu1†Ѵo7;-ro‹oķvoѴb7-ub7-7=-lbѴb-uķ7;Ѵ-1ol†-
ov;v|†7bov1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆovu;t†b;u;mY;Šb0bѴb7-7;mv†7b-
mb7-7ĺ
v;ोo7;bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm‹Ѵ--rѴb1-1bॕm7;†m|omo7;1ol-
Ŋ !;-11bॕm‹-1ঞ|†7-m|;;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĺ
r-ो;ubvlo;m|u;;Ѵbmˆ;vঞ]-7ou‹;Ѵv†f;|o-;m|u;ˆbv|-uĺ
Ŋ ;v;-0bѴb7-77;Ѵrubl;u;l0-u-Œoĺ
ou;ѴѴov;_-1;r;uঞm;m|;t†;;v|ovr†m|ovv;-m-1Ѵ-- Ŋ 1ঞˆb7-7v;Š†-Ѵ‹""!ķ;7-7rubl;u-u;Ѵ-1bॕmv;-
u-7ov-Ѵbmb1bo7;Ѵ-;m|u;ˆbv|-r-u-;ˆb|-u;v1oѴѴov1omѴov Š†-Ѵķruo|;11bॕmķ†mbom;v|;lru-m-vĺ
;m|u;ˆbv|-7ovĹ112 Ŋ !oѴ7;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵrubl;u_bfoņ-7;Ѵ-l†f;u
;m|u;ˆbv|-7-;mѴ-1ub-mŒ-‹ruo|;11bॕmĺ
- ovloঞˆovobm|;m1bom;v7;Ѵbmˆ;vঞ]-7ouĹ7;0;;Š- Ŋ bv1ublbm-1bॕmv†=ub7-rou;l0-u-Œo|;lru-moĺ
rѴb1-uv;1-0-Ѵl;m|;‹;mѴ-l;7b7-7;Ѵorovb0Ѵ;t†࣐ Ŋ om7b1bom;v-1|†-Ѵ;v7;0b;m;v|-uĺ
v;7;v;-_-1;u1om;Ѵ;v|†7bo‹Ѵ-vrovb0Ѵ;v7bC1†Ѵ|-- Ŋ Šr;1|-ঞˆ-v7;ˆb7-ķrѴ-m7;=†|†uoĺ
7;v-Ѵ-_ou-7;r†0Ѵb1-uѴoĺ

110
$+!ķ"ĺĺ‹ !ĺľm|uo7†11bॕm-Ѵovl࣐|o7ov1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆov7;bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕmĹ-0িvt†;7-7;vb]mbC1-7ovĿĺ 7b|oub-Ѵ-b7ॕv࢙vb1-ĺƐƖѶƕĺ
111
0b7;lĺ
112
0b7;lĺ

156 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

mer embarazo y aspectos de la maternidad adolescente, bm=;u;m1b-vu;rѴb1-0Ѵ;v‹ˆ࢙Ѵb7-v-|u-ˆ࣐v7;Ѵov|;Š|ovՆ


v-Ѵ†7v;Š†-Ѵ‹u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-‹0b;m;v|-uķ7;v7;Ѵ-r;uvr;1- o|uovl;7bovő;mѴov1om|;Š|ov7;v††voĺ;u|;mŐƐƖƖƐő
ঞˆ-7;;Šr;ub;m1b-v7;Ѵ-vlbvl-vl-7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ Ѵo7;Cm;1olo†ml࣐|o7or-u-bm7-]-u;mѴ-u;-Ѵb7-7vo-
1b-Ѵt†;1omvbv|;;mѴ-bm=;u;m1b-7;1-u-1|;uझvঞ1-v7;†m
-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v-ruo=†m7b7-7=†;uomu;-ѴbŒ-7-v;mѴ-ˆb-
1om|;Š|omol-mb=;v|-7o7;v7;†m1om|;Š|ol-mb=;v|-7oĺ
ˆb;m7- o Ѵ†]-u _-0b|†-Ѵ 7; Ѵov bm7bˆb7†ov v;Ѵ;11bom-7ov
t†; r;u|;m;1झ-m - |u;v ]u†rovĹ -7oѴ;v1;m|;v ;l0-u-- Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;1om|;mb7ovr†;7;-rѴb1-uv;-|;Š|o;v1ub|oķ
Œ-7-vķr-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;Ѵovrubl;uov_bfovņ-v7;Ѵ-v ou-Ѵķ b1ॕmb1o Őrbm|†u-vķ 7b0†fovőķ l;7bov -†7boˆbv†-Ѵ;v ;
l†f;u;v;v|†7b-7-v‹-1|ou;v1Ѵ-ˆ;7;Ѵ-1ol†mb7-7;m _br;u|;Š|ovr-u-7;v1ub0buѴovvbv|;l࢙ঞ1-l;m|;ķ7bˆb7b;m-
Ѵ-vѴo1-Ѵb7-7;v7;Ѵ-b࣐m-]-;m-u-_om-ķ v|;0-mझ-;m 7o Ѵ- bm=oul-1bॕm o0|;mb7- ;m 1-|;]ouझ-v t†; r†;7;m
Œ†-ķ-blॕm;momv;ोouo†;Ѵ‹ olbm]o"-ˆbo;m v;uu;v†lb7-vķѴot†;r;ulb|;v†1-u-1|;ubŒ-1bॕmC-0Ѵ;‹
;Ѵ bv|ub|o-1bom-Ѵĺ ˆ࢙Ѵb7-114ĺu;v†rom;t†;1-7-|;Š|o-m-ѴbŒ-7orov;;Ѵ-v
vb]†b;m|;v1†-Ѵb7-7;vĹ115
&m-ˆ;Œ vbv|;l-ঞŒ-7ov Ѵov u;v†Ѵ|-7ov 7; Ѵ-v ;m|u;ˆbv|-v
v; ruo1;7bॕ - Ѵ- -rѴb1-1bॕm 7; †m -m࢙Ѵbvbv 7; 1om|;mb7ov - ov|;Š|ovmoঞ;m;m†mo0f;ঞˆoķ;v|o;vķmoঞ;m;m
r-u-;Š|u-;uѴovu;v†Ѵ|-7ovl࢙vu;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;v7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-- 1†-Ѵb7-7;vbm7;r;m7b;m|;v7;ѴѴ;1|ouĺ
113
1bॕmĺubrr;m7ou@ŐƑƏƏƓő 7;Cm;;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;1om|;mb-
- ov|;Š|ovmoঞ;m;m†mvb]mbC1-7ot†;ro7uझ-v;u_--
7ov1olo†m-|࣐1mb1-bmˆ;vঞ]-ঞˆ-t†;r;ulb|;o0|;m;u
ѴѴ-7oķb7;mঞC1-7o‹7;v1ub|orouѴot†;vomĺ

- ov |;Š|ov ঞ;m;m vb]mbC1-7ov u;Ѵ-ঞˆov - 1om|;Š|ov


‫"(" !ܬ‬$ "
r-uঞ1†Ѵ-u;vķ7bv1†uvovoruorॕvb|ovĺ
Ŋ 7oѴ;v1;m|;v;l0-u-Œ-7-vƷƑƐ - -m-|†u-Ѵ;Œ-7;Ѵov|;Š|ov7;l-m7-t†;;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbv7;
Ŋ -7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;Ѵovrubl;uov_bfovņ-v7; 1om|;mb7o;Š|u-b]-bm=;u;m1b-v;vr;1झC1-v7;†m1om-
Ѵ-vl†f;u;v;v|†7b-7-vƷƐƑ f†m|o7;|;Š|ov;m†m1om|;Š|ov;Ѵ;11bom-7oĺ
Ŋ 1|ou;v1Ѵ-ˆ;vƷƒ
;-1†;u7o1omubrr;m7ou@116, cada análisis de conte-
mb7o7;0;u;vrom7;uv;bvru;]†m|-v;v;m1b-Ѵ;vĹ
$    $! ("$"! , "
Ɛĺѿ †࣐7-|ovvom-m-ѴbŒ-7ovĵ
Ŋ -b࣐m-]-ķ-u-_om-ĺ
Ƒĺѿॕlov;7;Cm;m;v|ov7-|ovĵ
Ŋ v|-0-mझ-ķŒ†-ĺ
ƒĺѿ ;t†࣐ro0Ѵ-1bॕmruoˆb;m;mĵ
Ŋ -blॕmķomv;ोouo†;Ѵĺ
4.ѿ†࢙Ѵ;v;Ѵ1om|;Š|ou;Ѵ;ˆ-m|;7;Ѵov7-|ovĵ
Ŋ olbm]o"-ˆbo
Ɣĺѿ†࢙Ѵ;vvomѴovѴझlb|;v7;Ѵ-m࢙Ѵbvbvĵ
 Őov†-m7†Ѵ;vķ†-1_†rb|-‹Ѵ-b࣐m-]-ĺ
6.ѿ †࣐v;7;0;l;7buĵ

113
ubrr;m7ou@ķѴ-†vĺŐƑƏƏƓőĺom|;m|m-Ѵ‹vbvĹmm|uo7†1ঞom|o|v;|_o7oѴo]‹ŐƑm7;7ĺőĺ$_o†v-m7-hvķĹ"-];ĺ
114
$ol-7o7;Ѵ-r࢙]bm-‰;07;Ѵ-&mbˆ;uvb7-77;-Ѵb=oumb-& -ˆbvĹ_‚rĹņņrv1ĺ7vvĺ†17-ˆbvĺ;7†ņvoll;u0ņvoll;u7;loņ1om|;m|ņbm|uoĺ_|l
115
0b7;lĺ
116
0b7;lĺ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 157


ANEXO

 *ƑĹ
†;vঞom-ubo-rѴb1-7o-_o]-u;vv;Ѵ;11bom-7ov7;Ѵ"& Ő;m=ot†;1†-mঞ|-ঞˆoő

158 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 159


ANEXO

160 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 161


ANEXO

162 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 163


ANEXO

164 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 165


ANEXO

166 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 167


ANEXO

168 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 169


ANEXO

 *ƒĹ
†झ-7;ru;]†m|-v7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-v- ࠎ  !"& 
ruo=†m7b7-7-rѴb1-7-v--7oѴ;v1;m|;vķ
r-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;Ѵovrubl;uov_bfovņ-v Introducción:
7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;vv†f;|o7;Ѵ-bmˆ;vঞ]-1bॕm ƐĺŊѿ †b࣐m"+ĵ
‹lb;l0uov7;Ѵ-1ol†mb7-7Ő;m=ot†; ƑĺŊѿ†࢙Ѵ;v$!+ĵ
1†-Ѵb|-ঞˆoő ƒĺŊ"oѴb1b|-u!7;Ѵ-v;m|u;ˆbv|-vĺ

m|u;ˆbv|-v-uo=†m7b7-7 bul-uomv;mঞlb;m|om=oul-7oĺ

7oѴ;v1;m|;v l0-u-Œ-7-v

Rapport:+o=oulor-u|;7;Ѵ;t†bro7;Ѵuo]u-l-7;Ѵ-v
ѿ†࢙Ѵ;v;Ѵl†mb1brbo7;m-1blb;m|ov†‹oķ7;v†r--
Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo y estamos realizando
7u;‹7;v†l-7u;ĵ
†m-v ;m|u;ˆbv|-v 7bu;1|-v - fॕˆ;m;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ v|o
vb]mbC1-t†;ˆ-lov-=oul†Ѵ-uru;]†m|-vr-u-ruo=†m7b- Ƒĺ ѿ †࣐;7-7ঞ;m;ĵ
Œ-uvo0u;Ѵovruo0Ѵ;l-vt†;-=;1|-m-Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m-
ƒĺ ѿ1|†-Ѵl;m|;;v|࢙-vbvঞ;m7o-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-ķu;-ѴbŒ-m7o
|;vķv†vѴo]uov;7†1-ঞˆovѴ-vorou|†mb7-7;v7;;lrѴ;oķ
o|uov;v|†7bovॕ-Ѵ]িm1†uvo7;1-r-1b|-1bॕmĵ
Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7‹;7†1-1bॕm7;Ѵov_bfov‹;m];m;u-Ѵ7;Ѵ0b;m;v-
|-u7;Ѵ-=-lbѴb-ĺ Ɠĺ ;v1ub0- v† ;Šr;ub;m1b- 1om ;Ѵ vbv|;l- ;v1oѴ-uķ Ѵ-
;7-77;bmb1bo-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-‹ѿ1†࢙Ѵ=†;;Ѵl-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ
om;v|;|u-0-fo7;v7;;Ѵuo]u-l-7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb-
;7†1-ঞˆo-Ѵ1-mŒ-7oĵ
7-vˆ-lov-_-1;u†m-l;7b1bॕm7;Ѵ-v1om7b1bom;v7;
ro0u;Œ-7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vr-u-;ˆ-Ѵ†-u1ॕlo;Ѵ Ɣĺ ѿ Šbv|; -Ѵ]†m- ;v1†;Ѵ- Ѵ-0ou-Ѵ ;m Ѵ- 1ol†mb7-7ķ -Ѵ-
;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- blr-1|- Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕmķ Ѵ-v ]†m- oC1bm- 7;  $ ķ ruo]u-l-v 7; v-Ѵ†7ķ o
orou|†mb7-7;v7;|u-0-foķѴ-v-Ѵ†77;Ѵ-vl-7u;v‹7;Ѵ- |;1moѴo]झ-r-u-fॕˆ;m;vĵѿ;Šbv|;-Ѵ]িmruo]u-l-t†;
criatura y en general medir el bienestar para formular pro- -‹†7;-Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹Ѵovfॕˆ;m;v-|;m;uorou-
]u-l-vr-u-l;fou-uѴ-vb|†-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ |†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo7;v7;Ѵ-]Ѵ;vb-ķĽvķ‹ņo
ruo‹;1|ov7;Ѵv;1|ourubˆ-7oĵ
†b;uo voѴb1b|-uѴ; v† -ruo0-1bॕm r-u- u;-ѴbŒ-uѴ; -Ѵ]†m-v
ru;]†m|-v vo0u; Ѵ-v 1om7b1bom;v 7;ˆb7- 7; Ѵov fॕˆ;m;v ѵĺ omˆ;uv-m7o7;o|uov|;l-v7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m-
;mѴ-1ol†mb7-7ķ‹7;†v|;7‹v†ruorb-=-lbѴb-7bu;1|-ĺ |;vķѿl;r†;7;1ol;m|-uvb_-u;-ѴbŒ-7o;m;ѴিѴঞlo
ѿ;r;ulb|;†v|;7]u-0-u;v|-;m|u;ˆbv|-r-u-=-1bѴb|-uѴ- -ोo-Ѵ]†m--1ঞˆb7-7ruo7†1ঞˆ-ķ-Ѵ]িm|u-0-foķo|--
u;1oѴ;11bॕm7;;Šr;ub;m1b-v7;v†ˆb7-ĵ u;-‹-v;-vbmr-]oķor-]orou7झ-ķt†;_-‹-1om|ub-
0†b7o-o0|;m;ubm]u;vovĵ
u;]†m|-vĹ
ƕĺ mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵov|;l-v7;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹fॕˆ;-
Ɛĺ ѿॕlo ѴѴ;]ॕ †v|;7‹ v† =-lbѴb- - ;v|- 1ol†mb7-7ĵķ m;vl†f;u;vķl;]†v|-uझ-1omˆ;uv-uvo0u;v†rubl;u

170 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

;l0-u-Œo7;-Ѵ]িmmbोoombो-ĺѿt†࣐;7-7t†;7ॕ ƐѶĺ "b_-;m=u;m|-7o-Ѵ]†m-7bC1†Ѵ|-7ѿ †࣐1ov-v|;_--


;l0-u-Œ-7-rourubl;u-ˆ;Œ7;†m_bfoŐ-őm-1b7oŐ-ő 0uझ-m-‹†7-7o-voѴ†1bom-ul;fou;v-v7bC1†Ѵ|-7;vĵ
ˆbˆoŐ-őĵ
ƐƖĺ ѿ0|†ˆo-‹†7-ķvorou|;7;r-u|;7;v†=-lbѴb-ķ7;Ѵ
Ѷĺ ѿ-|;mb7o-Ѵ]†m-r࣐u7b7-7;;l0-u-Œoķo-Ѵ]িmmbोo r-7u;o7;v†1ol†mb7-7ĵ"bmoѴ-u;1b0bॕķѿrout†࣐
Ő-őm-1b7ol†;u|oo;m;Ѵrubl;ul;v7;ˆb7-ĵ 1u;;vt†;moѴ-o0|†ˆbv|;ĵ

Ɩĺ mu;Ѵ-1bॕm-v†rubl;u_bfoŐ-őķѿ†࢙Ѵ=†;Ѵ-rubm1br-Ѵ ƑƏĺ "b7;v;u|ॕ7;Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-ķѿ!;|olॕѴov;v|†7bov7;v-


u-ŒॕmrouѴ-t†;t†;7ॕ;l0-u-Œ-7-ĵ r†࣐v7;|;m;u;ѴņѴ-0;0࣐ĵ

ƐƏĺ †7b;u- 1ol;m|-umov vo0u; Ѵ- u;-11bॕm 7; v†v r-- ƑƐĺ ѿ†࢙Ѵ;v 0;m;C1bov _- |;mb7o rou v;u l-7u; ;m Ѵ-
7u;vķѴ-1ol†mb7-7‹;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;v†_bfoņ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĵ
1†-m7o v; ;m|;u-uom 7; t†; ;v|-0- ;l0-u-Œ-7-ĺ
ƑƑĺ ѿ$†ˆo-11;vo--Ѵ]িmঞro7;oub;m|-1bॕmobm=oul--
ѿ u-Ѵot†;;vr;u-0-vĵ
1bॕmu;Ѵ-ঞˆ--Ѵ;l0-u-ŒoĹub;v]oķru;ˆ;m1bॕmķu;vrom-
ƐƐĺ ѿ v|࢙v1-v-7-o†mb7-ĵѿ †࣐ঞ;lroঞ;m;v1om;v- v-0bѴb7-7;vķ1†b7-7ovĵѿ ;t†b࣐mruoˆbmo;v-bm=ou-
r;uvom-ĵѿˆbˆ;1om࣐Ѵĵ l-1bॕmĵ

ƐƑĺ ѿ†࢙Ѵ;u-Ѵ-;7-77;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1oĵ Ƒƒĺ ol;m|;1omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕm7;v†v_bfovŐ-vő


ѿ(-m-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-ĵѿѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-t†;7-Ѵ;fovĵѿt†࣐ঞ;l-
Ɛƒĺ ol;m|;vb_-|;mb7oo|uov;l0-u-Œovĺѿt†࣐;7-7
ro7;0;m7†u-ur-u-ѴѴ;]-uĵ
=†;|†v;]†m7o;l0-u-Œoĵ
ƑƓĺ ѿ †࣐_-1;m1†-m7o;v|࢙m7;ˆ-1-1bom;vĵ
ƐƓĺ ѿॕlo _- 1-l0b-7o v†ˆb7- 7;vr†࣐v 7; v† rubl;u
;l0-u-Œoĵ ƑƔĺ ѿ †;rb;mv-v_-1;u;m;Ѵ=†|†uoĵѿ$b;m;v†m-Ѵbv|-7;
7;v;ovĵ †࣐t†bvb;u-v_-1;u;m;Ѵ=†|†uovo0u;ঞķ|†
ƐƔĺ ѿ †;-ro‹o_-|;mb7o7;Ѵr-7u;0boѴॕ]b1o7;Ѵ-1ub--
=-lbѴb-ķ;Ѵ_bfoņ-ĵ
|†u-ĵ m Ѵo ;1omॕlb1oķ -ro‹o ;m Ѵ- 1ub-mŒ-ķ -‹†7-
1om;Ѵ1†b7-7o7;ѴmbोoŐ-őķ7;v1ub0-Ѵ-u;vromv-0bѴb- o|-v$࣐1mb1-vĹ
7-77;Ѵr-7u;;mѴ-1ub-mŒ-ĺ
Ɛĺ -u- Ѵ- ru;]†m|- oĺѵĺŊ ѿ- |;mb7o -Ѵ]†m- r࣐u7b7-
Ɛѵĺ ѿ Ѵ|;l-7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹l-|;umb7-7;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m- 7;;l0-u-Œoķo-Ѵ]িmmbोoŐ-őm-1b7ol†;u|oo;m;Ѵ
cia es algo frecuente alrededor de tu entorno, en tu rubl;ul;v7;ˆb7-ĵ
1ol†mb7-7ĵѿrout†࣐ĵ
Ŋ mѴ-vru;]†m|-vvo0u;r࣐u7b7-v7;;l0-u-Œoķ
Ɛƕĺ ѿ m=u;m|ॕ -Ѵ]†m- 7; Ѵ-v vb]†b;m|;v 7bC1†Ѵ|-7;v rou †v-uѴ-r-Ѵ-0u-0ou|oĸ;vl;fou†ঞѴbŒ-uѴ-r-Ѵ-0u-
_-0;u t†;7-7o ;l0-u-Œ-7-Ĺ -vbv|;m1b- ;v1oѴ-uķ v-- ;l0-u-Œo bm|;uu†lrb7oĺ -u ;f;lrѴov 7; or1bo-
Ѵ†7ķ 1ol†mb7-7ķ ;|1ĺ =-Ѵ|- 7; 1;m|uov 7; 1†b7-7oķ m;vĹv;bm|;uu†lrbॕ7;l-m;u-m-|†u-Ѵ;Ѵ;l0-u--
7bC1†Ѵ|-7;v ;1omॕlb1-v r-u- r-]-u ;Ѵ 1†b7-7o 7;Ѵ ŒoŐ-0ou|om-|†u-Ѵőĸ|†ˆo†m-r࣐u7b7-7;ѴmbोoŐ-ő
mbोoŐ-őķ7;v;u1bॕm;v1oѴ-uķ1-l0bo7;|-m7-;v1oѴ-uķ ruoˆo1-7-Ő-0ou|oruoˆo1-7oőĺ"b;vrovb0Ѵ;ķ‹;Ѵ
7bv1ublbm-1bॕm;mѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-o;mѴ-1ol†mb7-7o;m- lol;m|o‹Ѵ-7bm࢙lb1-7;Ѵ-;m|u;ˆbv|-Ѵor;ulb|;ķ
|u;o|u-vfॕˆ;m;vķo7;r-u|;7;|†=-lbѴb-ĵ pregunte si algunas de sus amigas o familiares han

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 171


ANEXO

|;mb7o-Ѵ]†m-bm|;uu†r1bॕm7;;l0-u-Œoruoˆo1-- ƒĺ mv†orbmbॕmķѿ1†࢙Ѵ;vvomѴ-vrubm1br-Ѵ;v1omv;1†;m-


7-ĺ+Ѵ†;]oķѿ †࣐rb;mv-1olo-7oѴ;v1;m|;vo0u; 1b-v7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mv†1ol†mb7-7ņ_o-
el embarazo interrumpido por la misma persona ]-u;vĵ
Őruoˆo1-7oőĵ
Ɠĺ ѿ†࢙Ѵ;v;ѴuoѴt†;7;0;m|;m;uѴovr-7u;vņ1ol†-
- De encontrarse casos de embarazos interrumpi- mb7-7ņbmvঞ|†1bom;v7;Ѵ]o0b;umo;mѴ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕm
7ov7;0;ru;]†m|-uv;ķѿt†b࣐m|olॕѴ-িѴঞl-7;- 7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹;mѴ-ruo|;11bॕmrov|
1bvbॕmĵѿ;Ѵ1ॕm‹†];ĵѿ;m|u;Ѵov7ovĵѿѴ-=-lbѴb-7; ;l0-u-Œoĵ
;ѴѴ-ķo7;Ѵ1ॕm‹†];ĵ
Ɣĺ ѿ†࢙Ѵ;vv†orbmbॕm1omu;Ѵ-1bॕm-Ѵ-;7†1-1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵ
Ƒĺ u;]†m|-oĺƕĺŊѿ†࢙Ѵ=†;Ѵ-u-ŒॕmrouѴ-t†;t†;7ॕ ;mѴ-v;v1†;Ѵ-vķ‹7;v7;;Ѵ_o]-u‹Ѵ-1ol†mb7-7ĵ
;l0-u-Œ-7-ĵ"oѴb1b|-ut†;v;-0†m7;vb=†;rѴ-mbC1-7o
ѵĺ ;v7; v† Ѵ†]-u 7; |u-0-foķ ѿ7bvrom; 7; v†C1b;m-
omo=†;rѴ-mbC1-7oĺoru;]†m|-uvb=†; "  ĺ
|;v bmv†lovņbmv|u†l;m|ovņu;1†uvov r-u- ro7;u 7-u
ƒĺ u;]†m|- ĺƐƓĺŊ ѿ †࣐ -ro‹o _- |;mb7o 7;Ѵ r-7u; -|;m1bॕm-Ѵ-ru;ˆ;m1bॕmo7-uv;uˆb1bovr-u-u;7†1buņ
0boѴॕ]b1oĵ ;0;l;m1bom-uѴovঞrov7;-ro‹oĸr-]o ;ˆb|-u;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĵ
7;r;mvbॕm-Ѵbl;mঞ1b-ķ1olru-7;-Ѵbl;m|ovķ1olr--
ƕĺ v†f†b1boķѿt†࣐roѴझঞ1-vņv;uˆb1bovņruo]u-l-vņl;-
u-l;7b1-l;m|ovķ;|1ĺ
canismos de apoyo pudieran incidir en reducir la si-
|†-1bॕm7;;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;ĵ
m|u;ˆbv|-v-uo=†m7b7-7ŋ
Actores Relevantes en el Territorio Ѷĺ ѿ†࢙Ѵ;vvomѴ-vѴblb|-1bom;vt†;;m=u;m|-mѴov‹Ѵ-v
-7oѴ;v1;m|;v t†; r†7b;u- 1om|ub0†bu - u;7†1bu ;v|;
Edad:
ruo0Ѵ;l-ĵ
Sexo:
Ɩĺ ѿ†࢙Ѵ;vv†orbmbॕmvo0u;Ѵ-vru࢙1ঞ1-v7;-0ou|o;m-
Ocupación: |u;Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĵ

uoˆbm1b-Ĺ ƐƏĺ ѿ†࢙Ѵ;vv†orbmbॕmvo0u;Ѵov1-vov7;ˆboѴ;m1b-7;


r-u;f-bmঞl-;m|u;Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĵ
Municipio:

Barrio: m|u;ˆbv|-v-uo=†m7b7-7ŋ
-7u;v0boѴॕ]b1ov7;Ѵov_bfovņ-v7;Ѵ-vl†f;u;v
Zona:
entrevistadas
Ɛĺ †࣐m|;movvo0u;Ѵ-vb|†-1bॕm7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v-
Rapport:+o=oulor-u|;7;Ѵ;t†bro7;Ѵuo]u-l-7;Ѵ-v
1;m|;;mv†1ol†mb7-7Ő=u;1†;m1b-ķorbmbॕmvo0u;Ѵ-v
Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo y estamos realizando
rubm1br-Ѵ;v1-†v-vőĺ
†m-v ;m|u;ˆbv|-v 7bu;1|-v - fॕˆ;m;v -7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ v|o
Ƒĺ ;v7; v† |u-0-foņ;vr-1bo 7om7; v; 7;v;mˆ†;Ѵˆ;ķ vb]mbC1-t†;ˆ-lov-=oul†Ѵ-uru;]†m|-vr-u-ruo=†m7b-
ѿ;Šbv|;m l;1-mbvlov 7; -ro‹oņ-|;m1bॕmņoub;m|-- Œ-uvo0u;Ѵovruo0Ѵ;l-vt†;-=;1|-m-Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m-
1bॕm-Ѵ-vfॕˆ;m;v;l0-u-Œ-7-vĵ |;vķv†vѴo]uov;7†1-ঞˆovѴ-vorou|†mb7-7;v7;;lrѴ;oķ

172 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


ANEXO

Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7‹;7†1-1bॕm7;Ѵov_bfov‹;m];m;u-Ѵ7;Ѵ0b;m;v- Ɣĺ ѿ †࣐;7-7ঞ;m;vĵ


|-u7;Ѵ-=-lbѴb-ĺ
ѵĺ ѿt†࣐;7-7bmb1bov†-1ঞˆb7-7v;Š†-Ѵĵѿ†0o-Ѵ]†m-
om;v|;|u-0-fo7;v7;;Ѵuo]u-l-7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb- u-Œॕmr-u-t†;|†ˆb;u-vv;Šo-;v-;7-7ĵѿ$†v-lb]ov
7-vˆ-lov-_-1;u†m-l;7b1bॕm7;Ѵ-v1om7b1bom;v7; 7; Ѵ- ;v1†;Ѵ- |; Ѵo bmvbm†-0-mĵ ѿ ;m |† =-lbѴb- |;
ro0u;Œ-7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vr-u-;ˆ-Ѵ†-u1ॕlo;Ѵ 7;1झ-mt†;7;0झ-v_-1;uѴoĵ
;l0-u-Œo ;m Ѵ- -7oѴ;v1;m1b- blr-1|- Ѵ- ;7†1-1bॕmķ Ѵ-v
ƕĺ ѿѴ]†m- ˆ;Œ |; _-0Ѵ-uom 7; 1om7om;v † o|uov l࣐-
orou|†mb7-7;v7;|u-0-foķѴ-v-Ѵ†77;Ѵ-vl-7u;v‹7;Ѵ-
|o7ov -mঞ1om1;rঞˆov ;m Ѵ- ;v1†;Ѵ-ĵ ѿ m |† 1-v-ĵ
criatura y en general medir el bienestar para formular pro-
ѿѴ]িmo|uo=-lbѴb-uĵѿѴ]†m-ou]-mbŒ-1bॕmmo]†0;u-
]u-l-vr-u-l;fou-uѴ-vb|†-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m|;vĺ
m-l;m|-Ѵĵѿ&ঞѴbŒ-v|;;m|†rubl;u-u;Ѵ-1bॕmv;Š†-Ѵĵ
†b;uo voѴb1b|-uѴ; v† -ruo0-1bॕm r-u- u;-ѴbŒ-uѴ; -Ѵ]†m-v ѿt†࣐†ঞѴbŒ-v|;ĵѿ1†࢙m7o1ol;mŒ-v|;-†ঞѴbŒ-uѴoĵ
ru;]†m|-v vo0u; Ѵ-v 1om7b1bom;v 7;ˆb7- 7; Ѵov fॕˆ;m;v
Ѷĺ ѿt†࣐;7-7=†bv|;r-7u;rourubl;u-ˆ;Œĵѿ†࢙Ѵ;u-Ѵ-
;mѴ-1ol†mb7-7ķ‹7;†v|;7‹v†ruorb-=-lbѴb-7bu;1|-ĺ
;7-77;Ѵ-l-7u;ĵѿ-v|;mb7oo|uov_bfovĵѿ1omo|u-v
ѿ;r;ulb|;†v|;7]u-0-u;v|-;m|u;ˆbv|-r-u-=-1bѴb|-uѴ-
l†f;u;vĵѿ†࢙Ѵ;v;u-mѴ-v;7-7;v7;;v-vl†f;u;vĵ
u;1oѴ;11bॕm7;;Šr;ub;m1b-v7;v†ˆb7-ĵ
Ɩĺ ѿॕlo|;;m|;u-v|;7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĵѿ‹t†࣐r;mv-v|;
u;]†m|-vĹ vo0u;;voĵѿ|†ˆbv|;-Ѵ]†m-u;-11bॕmĵѿ1†࢙Ѵĵ‹|†vr--
7u;vķѿ1ॕlou;-11bom-uomĵѿѴ-1ol†mb7-7ĵѿѴ-b]Ѵ;vb-ĵ
Ɛĺ ѿॕlo ѴѴ;]ॕ †v|;7 ‹ v† =-lbѴb- - ;v|- 1ol†mb7-7ĵķ
ѿ;mѴ-;v1†;Ѵ-ĵ
ѿ†࢙Ѵ;v;Ѵl†mb1brbo7;m-1blb;m|ov†‹oķ7;v†r--
7u;‹7;v†l-7u;ĵ ƐƏĺѿ†-m7o |†ˆbv|; |† rubl;u _bfoņ-ķ ѿ;u- |† bm|;m1bॕm
|;m;uѴoņ-;m;v;lol;m|oĵѿout†࣐ĵ"bt†;uझ-v|;-
Ƒĺ ѿ v|࢙-1|†-Ѵl;m|;u;-ѴbŒ-m7o-Ѵ]িm;v|†7boķ1†uvo7;
m;uѴo7;vr†࣐vķѿt†࣐|-m|oঞ;lro7;vr†࣐vĵ
1-r-1b|-1bॕmķ‹ņo-vbvঞ;m7o-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-ĵ ;v1ub0-v†
;Šr;ub;m1b-1om;Ѵvbv|;l-;v1oѴ-u7;v7;r;t†;ोoķѴ- ƐƐĺѿ m|†1ol†mb7-7_-‹vbঞov;mѴovt†;r†;7;v0†v-
;7-77;bmb1bo-Ѵ-;v1†;Ѵ-ķ‹ѿ1†࢙Ѵ=†;;Ѵl-‹oumbˆ;Ѵ 1-ubm=oul-1bॕmr-u-ru;ˆ;mbu;l0-u-Œovķr-u-ruo|;-
;7†1-ঞˆo-Ѵ1-mŒ-7oĵ ];u|;7;;m=;ul;7-7;v7;|u-mvlbvbॕmv;Š†-Ѵĵ

ƒĺ ѿ Šbv|;-Ѵ]†m-;v1†;Ѵ-Ѵ-0ou-Ѵ;mѴ-1ol†mb7-7ķ-Ѵ]†- ƐƑĺ†-m7oѴ-l-l࢙7;|†rubl;u_bfo;v|-0-;l0-u-Œ-7-ķ


m- oC1bm- 7;  $ ķ ruo]u-l-v 7; v-Ѵ†7ķ o |;1- ѿ-ˆbvb|-0-vĵѿ--1olr-ो-v|;-Ѵ]†m-ˆ;Œ-Ѵl࣐7b1oĵ
moѴo]झ- r-u- fॕˆ;m;vĵ ѿ;Šbv|; -Ѵ]িm ruo]u-l- t†; ѿ--1olr-ो-0-v-_-1;uo|u-v7bѴb];m1b-vĵѿ v|†ˆbv|;
-‹†7;-Ѵ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v‹Ѵovfॕˆ;m;v-|;m;uorou- ;m;Ѵr-u|oĵѿu;;vt†;_b1bv|;Ѵom;1;v-uboĵ
|†mb7-7;v7;7;v-uuoѴѴo7;v7;Ѵ-]Ѵ;vb-ķĽvķ‹ņo
Ɛƒĺѿ(bˆ;v1omѴ-l-l࢙7;;v;ņ-mbोoņ-ĵѿ†b7-v-Ѵmb-
ruo‹;1|ov7;Ѵv;1|ourubˆ-7oĵ
ोoņ-1†-m7o;v|࢙m;mѴ-1-v-|ি‹|†r-u;f-ĵ†-m7o
Ɠĺ omˆ;uv-m7o7;o|uov|;l-v7;Ѵ-v‹Ѵov-7oѴ;v1;m- ;ѴѴ-7;0;v-Ѵbuķѿomt†b࣐mv;t†;7-;ѴņѴ-mbोoņ-ĵ
|;vķѿl;r†;7;1ol;m|-uvb_-u;-ѴbŒ-7o;m;ѴিѴঞlo
ƐƓĺѿ"†;Ѵ;v1olru-uѴ;Ѵov-Ѵbl;m|ovŊѴ;1_;ĵѿoѴѴ;ˆ-v-Ѵ
-ोo-Ѵ]িm|u-0-foķo1†r-1bॕm‹-v;-vbmr-]oĸor-]o
l࣐7b1oĵ
rou7झ-ķt†;_-‹-1om|ub0†b7o-o0|;m;ubm]u;vovĵ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 173


ANEXO

ƐƔĺѿ v|†7b-0-v -Ѵ lol;m|o 7;Ѵ ;l0-u-Œo 7; Ѵ- foˆ;mĵ


ѿ";]†bv|;;v|†7b-m7oĵ"bmoķѿ_†0o-Ѵ]†m-u-Œॕmr-u-
7;f-uѴov;v|†7bovĵ

Ɛѵĺ ѿ$u-0-f-0-v-Ѵlol;m|o7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œoĵѿ$†ˆbv|;t†;v--
Ѵbu-|u-0-f-urout†;Ѵ-l†1_-1_-t†;7ॕ;l0-u-Œ-7-ĵ

Ɛƕĺ ѿ v|-0-v ;v|†7b-m7o -Ѵ lol;m|o 7; Ѵ- foˆ;m t†;7-u


;l0-u-Œ-7-ĵѿ$†ˆbv|;t†;7;f-uѴov;v|†7bovĵѿout†࣐ĵ

ƐѶĺ†;]o7;;v-vb|†-1bॕmķѿ_-v|;mb7oruo0Ѵ;l-vr-u-
1omv;]†bu-Ѵ]িm|u-0-forou;voĵ

ƐƖĺѿt†࣐|;7;7b1-v-1|†-Ѵl;m|;ĵѿ v;Ѵlbvlo|u-0-fo
t†;|;mझ-v1†-m7o;u-vr-7u;rourubl;u-ˆ;Œĵѿ †࣐
_-1;v;m|†ঞ;lroѴb0u;ĵ

Edad:

Sexo:

Ocupación:

uoˆbm1b-Ĺ

Municipio:

Barrio:

Zona:

174 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


! ߈
BIBLIOGRAFÍA

;uvr;1ঞˆ-;m;u-Ѵ

 ş& ĺŐƑƏƏѵőĺ ;1†m7b7-77oѴ;v1;m|;‹ ;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;moѴol0b-‹Ѵ-!;]bॕm7;l࣐ub1-


-ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ĺolbvbॕm 1omॕlb1-r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ő őĺ

b;v-u;ķĺŐƑƏƏƕőĺ-|uom;v;l;u];m|;v;mѴ-=;1†m7b7-7‹Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-‹v†vˆझm1†Ѵov1om
Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ĺ"-mঞ-]o7;_bѴ;Ĺolbvbॕm 1omॕlb1-r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-
‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ő ő-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

b;v-u;ķĺŐƑƏƐƔőĺ ;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mѴovr-झv;v7;v-uuoѴѴ-7ovĹmbˆ;Ѵ;vķ|;m7;m1b-v‹roѴझ-
ঞ1-vĺ"-mঞ-]o7;_bѴ;Ĺ-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

Ѵॕu;Œķĺķş"o|oķ(ĺŐƑƏƏƕőĺ ;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹ro0u;Œ-Ĺ b-]mॕvঞ1o‹Ѵbm;-lb;m|ov7;roѴझঞ-


1-ĺo]o|࢙Ĺ ;r-u|-l;m|o-1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵ-m;-1bॕm7;oѴol0b-ĺ

-1bom;v&mb7-vĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺ)ouѴ7or†Ѵ-ঞomuovr;1|vĹ$_;ƑƏƐƕ!;ˆbvbomĺ ;r-u|-l;m|o7;v†m-
|ov 1omॕlb1ov‹"o1b-Ѵ;v7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ†;ˆ-+ouhĹ-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

& ĺŐƑƏƐƏőĺm=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĹ-ˆ;u7-7;u-ubt†;Œ-7;Ѵ-vm-1bom;vĹ-lbmov-Ѵ


7;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-moĺ†;ˆ-+ouhĹ& ĺ

& ĺŐƑƏƐƓőĺm=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĹ"ov|;m;u;Ѵuo]u;vo†l-moķu;7†1buˆ†Ѵm;u-0bѴb-


7-7;v‹1omv|u†buu;vbѴb;m1b-ĺ;‰+ouhĹ& ĺ

& ĺ ŐƑƏƐƔőĺ 0|;mb7o 7; -r- m|;u-1ঞˆo 7; ;v-uuoѴѴo †l-mo 7; !;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ĺ
_‚rĹņņ‰‰‰ĺ7oĺ†m7rĺou]ņ1om|;m|ņ7olbmb1-mōu;r†0Ѵb1ņ;vņ_ol;ņo†u‰ouhņ_†l-m7;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|ņv†1-
1;vvv|oub;vņl-r-Ŋbm|;u-1ঞˆoŊ7;Ŋ7;v-uuoѴѴoŊ_†l-moŊ7;Ŋu7ĺ_|lѴ

& ĺŐƑƏƐѵőĺm=oul;vo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-moĹ ;v-uuoѴѴo_†l-mor-u-|o7-vѴ-vr;uvom-vĺ†;ˆ-


+ouhĹ& ĺ

!o7uझ]†;ŒķĺŐƑƏƐƒőĺ!;ruo7†11bॕm|;lru-m-;m;m|uo-l࣐ub1-Ĺ;v1;m-ubov;l;u];m|;v‹7;v-ࣱovĺ
"-mঞ-]o7;_bѴ;Ĺ-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

176 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


BIBLIOGRAFÍA

"-_-ķ"ĺŐƑƏƐƏőĺl-u|‹-";mĽvom1;r|o=†l-m!b]_|vĹ];m1‹Ľv(b|-Ѵ!oѴ;ĺŠ=ou7 ou†lom†0Ѵb1
oѴb1‹ĺ

";mķĺŐƑƏƏƏőĺ ;v-uuoѴѴo‹b0;u|-7Ŋ-|;ub-Ѵ b7࢙ঞ1oĺ†;movbu;vķu];mঞm-Ĺ 7b|oub-ѴѴ-m;|-ĺ

)o7omķ ĺķ-Ѵ;ķĺķm-]ou†‰-ķĺķ"-ˆ-7o]oķĺķş+;7-mķĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺlr-1|o;1omॕlb1o7;Ѵl-|ub-
lombobm=-mঞѴ‹Ѵ-v†mbom;v|;lru-m-vĹ!;v†l;mr-u-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺ)-v_bm]|omķ Ĺ-m1o
†m7b-Ѵ‹& ĺ

-rझ|†ѴoƐ

om]--u|vķĺŐƐƖƕѶőĺ u-l;‰ouh=oum-Ѵ‹Œbm]|_;uoŠbl-|; ;|;ulbm-m|vo= ;uঞѴb|‹ĺor†Ѵ-ঞom


-m7 ;ˆ;Ѵorl;m|!;ˆb;‰ĺ

-0;ѴѴ-ķ)ĺķş-u7oķĺŐƑƏƐƓőĺ-1b-†mu࣐]bl;m7;0-f-=;1†m7b7-7;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ķ
ƐƖƖƏŊƑƏƐƔĺ!झo7;-m;buoĹvo1b-1bॕm-ঞmo-l;ub1-m-7;o0Ѵ-1bॕmŐőĺ

 ş& ĺŐƑƏƏѵőĺ ;1†m7b7-77oѴ;v1;m|;‹ ;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;moѴol0b-‹Ѵ-!;]bॕm7;l࣐ub1-


-ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ĺolbvbॕm 1omॕlb1-r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ő őĺ

 ĺŐƐƖƖƔőĺl࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ĺ7bm࢙lb1-7;Ѵ-ro0Ѵ-1bॕm‹7;v-uuoѴѴoĺ"-mঞ-]o7;_bѴ;ĺ

_-1hb;ѴķĺŐƑƏƏƓőĺ-|u-mvb1bॕm7;Ѵ-=;1†m7b7-7;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-ƐƖƔƏŊƑƏƏƏĺ$oѴ†1-Ĺ;m|uo-ঞ-
mo-l;ub1-mo‹-ub0;ोo7; ;lo]u-ࣱ-ĺ

_-1hb;Ѵķĺķş"1_hoѴmbhķ"ĺŐƑƏƏƓőĺovv;1|ou;vu;Œ-]-7ov;mѴ-|u-mvb1bॕm7;Ѵ-=;1†m7b7-7;ml࣐-
ub1--ঞm-ĺ!;ˆbv|-7;Ѵ- ķѶƒĹƐƒŊƒƐĺ

b;v-u;ķĺŐƑƏƏƕőĺ-|uom;v;l;u];m|;v;mѴ-=;1†m7b7-7‹Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-‹v†vˆझm1†Ѵov1om
Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ĺ"-mঞ-]o7;_bѴ;Ĺolbvbॕm 1omॕlb1-r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-
‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ő ő-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

b;v-u;ķĺŐƑƏƏƕőĺ-|uom;v;l;u];m|;v;mѴ-=;1†m7b7-7‹Ѵ-v-Ѵ†7u;ruo7†1ঞˆ-‹v†vˆझm1†Ѵov1om
Ѵ-ro0u;Œ-;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ĺ"-mঞ-]o7;_bѴ;Ĺolbvbॕm 1omॕlb1-r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-
‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ő ő-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

b;v-u;ķĺŐƑƏƐƔőĺ ;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mѴovr-झv;v7;v-uuoѴѴ-7ovĹmbˆ;Ѵ;vķ|;m7;m1b-v‹roѴझ-
ঞ1-vĺ"-mঞ-]o7;_bѴ;Ĺ-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 177


BIBLIOGRAFÍA

b;v-u;ķĺķş!o7uझ]†;Œ(b]moѴbķĺŐƑƏƏѵőĺm࢙Ѵbvbvlb1uo7;Ѵov7;|;ulbm-m|;v7;Ѵ-=;1†m7b7-7
-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mu-vbѴ‹oѴol0b-ĺ;m|uo-ঞmo-l;ub1-mo‹-ub0;ोo7; ;lo]u-ࣱ-ĺ

झ-Œķ!ĺķşѴbˆoķĺŐƑƏƐƐőĺ ;|;ulbm-m|;v7;Ѵ-=;1†m7b7-7;mѴ-v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v7;!;rি0Ѵb1- olb-


mb1-m-Ĺ;ˆb7;m1b--r-uঞu7;Ѵ- m1†;v|- ;lo]u࢙C1-‹7;"-Ѵ†7ƑƏƏƕĺ0|;mb7o7;_‚rvĹņņr-r;uvĺ
vvumĺ1olņvoѴƒņr-r;uvĺ1=lĵ-0v|u-1|ōb7ƷƑƏƒѶƏѶƔ

Ѵॕu;Œķĺķş"o|oķ(ĺŐƑƏƏƕőĺ ;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;‹ro0u;Œ-Ĺ b-]mॕvঞ1o‹Ѵbm;-lb;m|ov7;roѴझঞ-


1-ĺo]o|࢙Ĺ ;r-u|-l;m|o-1bom-Ѵ7;Ѵ-m;-1bॕm7;oѴol0b-ĺ

-1bom;v&mb7-vĺŐƑƏƐƓőĺ-vb|†-1bॕm7;lo]u࢙C1-;m;Ѵl†m7oĺ†;ˆ-+ouhĹ-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

C1bm--1bom-Ѵ7; v|-7झvঞ1-Ő őĺŐƑƏƏѶőĺomo]u-ࣱ--7u;v-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olb-


mb1-m-ĺ"-m|o olbm]oĹ ĺ

 ĺŐƑƏƐƔőĺ ˆoѴ†1bॕm7;Ѵ--|;umb7-77oѴ;v1;m|;;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ĺu;v†Ѵ|-7ov-r-uঞu


7;Ѵ-;v|-m7-ubŒ-1bॕm7;Ѵov1;mvovƑƏƏƑŊƑƏƐƏĺ"-m|o olbm]oĹ ĺ

 ĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺ ;|;ulbm-m|;v7;Ѵ- ;1†m7b7-77oѴ;v1;m|;;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺ"-m|o o-


lbm]o7;†Œl࢙mĹ ĺ

;u;Œ$_;mķ ĺŐƑƏƐƔőĺ Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ĺ$;m7;m1b-vo0v;u-


ˆ-7-v-r-uঞu7;Ѵ-v m1†;v|-v ;lo]u࢙C1-v‹7;"-Ѵ†7Ő  "ƐƖѶѵŊƑƏƐƒőĺ om7o7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm
7;-1bom;v&mb7-vŐ& őĺ

࣐u;Œ$_;mķ ĺķbub1ķĺķş(-u]-vķ$ĺŐƑƏƐƑőĺ Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1--


m-Ĺѿ&m-u;-Ѵb7-7;m|u-mvb1bॕmĵ"-m|o olbm]o7;†Œl࢙mĹuo=-lbѴb-ĺ

࣐u;Œķ ĺĺŐƑƏƐƔőĺ Ѵ;l0-u-Œo;m-7oѴ;v1;m|;v;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺ om7o7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm7;


-1bom;v&mb7-vŐ& őĺ

!o7uझ]†;ŒķĺŐƑƏƐƒőĺ!;ruo7†11bॕm|;lru-m-;m;m|uo-l࣐ub1-Ĺ;v1;m-ubov;l;u];m|;v‹7;v-ࣱovĺ
"-mঞ-]o7;_bѴ;Ĺ-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

!o7uझ]†;Œ(b]moѴbķĺŐƑƏƐƓőĺ-u;ruo7†11bॕm;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-‹v†v7;vb]†-Ѵ7-7;v;ml࣐ub1--ঞ-
m-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ĺ"-mঞ-]o7;_bѴ;Ĺolbvbॕm 1omॕlb1-r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ő őĺ

!o7uझ]†;Œ(b]moѴbķĺķ b;v-u;ķĺķş࢙;ŒķĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺ !;ruo7†11bॕm |;lru-m-Ĺ b=;u;m1b-v ;m|u;


]u-m7;vu;]bom;v7;Ѵl†m7o-Ѵbmb1bo‹-ѴCm-Ѵ7;Ѵ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-ĺ"-mঞ-]oĹ-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

!o7uझ]†;ŒķĺŐƑƏƐƓőĺ ;1†m7b7-7-7oѴ;v1;m|;;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-ņm--1|†-ѴbŒ-1bॕmĺ!झo7;-m;buoĹ
vo1b-1bॕm-ঞmo-l;ub1-m-7;o0Ѵ-1bॕmŐőĺ

178 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


BIBLIOGRAFÍA

!o7uझ]†;Œķĺķ࢙;Œķĺķ&ѴѴo-ķĺķşoŠķĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺ!;ruo7†11bॕm;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;m_bѴ;ĹѴ-7;v-
b]†-Ѵ7-71omঞmি-‹†u];mroѴझঞ1-v-1ঞˆ-vĺ"-mঞ-]oĹ-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ

(b]moѴbķĺ!ĺŐƑƏƏѶőĺ!;ruo7†11bॕm;mѴ-7oѴ;v1;m1b-;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;Ĺѿ&m--mol-Ѵझ--
;v1-Ѵ-l†m7b-Ѵĵom]u;vo7;Ѵ-vo1b-1bॕm-ঞmo-l;ub1-m-7;o0Ѵ-1bॕmŐőĺॕu7o0-ĺ

& Ŋ om7o7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vŐ& őĺŐƑƏƏƕőĺm࢙Ѵbvbv7;vb|†-1bॕm7;Ѵ;l-


0-u-Œo-7oѴ;v1;m|;;mѴ-!;]bॕmm7bm-ĺ t†bro7;ro‹o$࣐1mb1o7;Ѵ& r-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹
;Ѵ-ub0;ĺ࣐Šb1oķ ĺ ĺķ࣐Šb1oĺ

& ĺŐƑƏƐƒőĺov|ov7;Ѵ l0-u-Œo‹Ѵ--|;umb7-7;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺ


"-m|o olbm]oķ!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺ

bmbv|;ubo7; 7†1-1bॕmŐƑƏƐƔőĺ v|†7bo7;झm;--v-Ѵ7;omo1blb;m|ovķ1ঞ|†7;v‹u࢙1ঞ1-v-1;u-


1-7;Ѵ-(boѴ;m1b-7;࣐m;uo;m;m|uov 7†1-ঞˆovĺ"-m|o olbm]oķ!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĺ

-rझ|†ѴoƑ

ĺŐƑƏƐѵőĺľ";ml࣐ub1--ঞm-ĹƑƏlbѴѴom;v7;fॕˆ;m;v;m0†v1-7;orou|†mb7-7;vĿĺ-m1o
m|;um-1bom-Ѵ7;!;1omv|u†11bॕm‹ ol;m|oņ-m1o†m7b-Ѵĺ)-v_bm]|omĺ

 ŐƑƏƏƏőĺľ t†b7-7ķ7;v-uuoѴѴo‹1b†7-7-mझ-Ŀ࣐Šb1oĺ

-Œ|l-mķ !†0࣐mĺ ŐƐƖƖƕőĺ ľ- l;7b1bॕm 7; Ѵ-v m;1;vb7-7;v 0࢙vb1-v bmv-ঞv=;1_-v ;m Ѵov 1;mvov 7;
ro0Ѵ-1bॕmĿĺ

& ĺŐƑƏƐѵőĺľm=oul;!;]bom-Ѵvo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mor-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ķuo]u;vo


†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴĹ0b;m;v|-ul࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵbm]u;voĿĺ;‰+ouhĺ

-rझ|†Ѵoƒ

o‹ovķ!ĺķ!o];uvķĺķ"Œ࣐h;Ѵ‹ķĺŐƑƏƐѵőľbmbv;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-ĹƑƏ7;fॕˆ;m;v;m0†v1-7;orou-
|†mb7-7Ŀ-m1o†m7b-Ѵķ)-v_bm]|om ĺĺ

ubrr;m7ou@ķѴ-†vĺŐƑƏƏƓőľom|;m|m-Ѵ‹vbvĹmm|uo7†1ঞom|o|v;|_o7oѴo]‹ĿŐƑm7;7ĺőĺ$_o†-
v-m7-hvķĹ"-];ĺ

& ĺŐƑƏƐѵőĺľm=oul;!;]bom-Ѵvo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mor-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ķuo]u;vo


†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴĹ0b;m;v|-ul࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵbm]u;voĿĺ;‰+ouhĺ

INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017 179


BIBLIOGRAFÍA

-rझ|†ѴoƓ
ĺŐƑƏƐƑőĺľ l0-u-Œo7oѴ;v1;m|;‹rou|†mb7-7;v;ml࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;vo0u;l-|;umb7-7
|;lru-m-ķro0u;Œ-‹Ѵo]uov;1omॕlb1ovĿĺ-m1o†m7b-Ѵĺ)-v_bm]|omĺ

 ĺŐƑƏƐƓőĺľ-mou-l-7;Ѵ-;=;1ঞˆb7-7;m;Ѵ7;v-uuoѴѴoƑƏƐƓĿĺ-m1om|;u-l;ub1-mo7; ;v-uuoѴѴoĺ
)-v_bm]|omĺ

$ ĺŐƑƏƐƒőĺľov|ov7;Ѵ;l0-u-Œo‹Ѵ-l-|;umb7-7;mѴ--7oѴ;v1;m1b-;mѴ-!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-Ŀĺ


mvঞ|†|o$;1moѴॕ]b1o7;"-m|o olbm]oķ"-m|o olbm]oĺ

 + ĺŐƑƏƐƔőĺľm=oul;vo0u;;Ѵ1†lrѴblb;m|o7;Ѵov0f;ঞˆov7; ;v-uuoѴѴo7;ѴbѴ;mboƑƏƐƔĿĺ
bmbv|;ubo7; 1omolझ-ķѴ-mbC1-1bॕm‹ ;v-uuoѴѴoĺ"-m|o olbm]oĺ

 ĺŐƑƏƐƔőĺľ ˆoѴ†1bॕm7;Ѵ--|;umb7-77oѴ;v1;m|;;m!;rি0Ѵb1- olbmb1-m-ĿĺC1bm--1bom-Ѵ


7; v|-7झvঞ1-vĺ"-m|o olbm]oĺ

& ĺŐƑƏƐѵőĺľm=oul;!;]bom-Ѵvo0u; ;v-uuoѴѴo†l-mor-u-l࣐ub1--ঞm-‹;Ѵ-ub0;ķuo]u;vo


†Ѵঞ7bl;mvbom-ѴĹ0b;m;v|-ul࢙v-ѴѴ࢙7;Ѵbm]u;voĿĺ;‰+ouhĺ

& ĺŐƑƏƐƕőĺľ v|-7o†m7b-Ѵ7;Ѵ-o0Ѵ-1bॕmĿĺ om7o7;o0Ѵ-1bॕm7;Ѵ-v-1bom;v&mb7-vĺ


;‰+ouhĺ

180 INFORME NACIONAL SOBRE DESARROLLO HUMANO 2017


DESARROLLO HUMANO EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA

DESARROLLO HUMANO EN REPÚBLICA DOMINICANA EMBARAZO ADOLESCENTE: UN DESAFÍO MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARA GENERAR OPORTUNIDADES EN EL CICLO DE VIDA
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