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ACTIVIDAD 9

Evidencia 2: Workshop: Understanding the distribution center layout

ANDRES ALBERTO ARANGO VEINTEMILLAS

JHON JAIRO MUÑOZ MOLINA

(Aprendiz SENA)

GESTIÓN LOGÍSTICA
(1667921)
CENTRO DE LA TECNOLOGÍA DEL DISEÑO Y LA PRODUCTIVIDAD
EMPRESARIAL

Actividad de aprendizaje 9

Evidencia 2: Workshop: Understanding the distribution center layout

Tener claridad respecto a los procesos internos de la gestión logística es tan


importante como entender la importancia de la adecuada gestión de la
infraestructura física de las bodegas y centros de distribución, ya que, como
algunos afirman, es el corazón o núcleo de las operaciones logísticas, en tanto allí
se almacenan los productos que posteriormente serán distribuidos al comercio
tanto minorista, como mayorista.

Por lo anterior, es importante que el aprendiz de gestión logística esté en la


capacidad de entender textos en inglés que den cuenta de los estándares de
calidad para la infraestructura de un centro de distribución. Esto le permitirá al
aprendiz tener herramientas para gestionar procesos físicos – de infraestructura -
de la cadena de abastecimiento.

Así, con el fin de ayudarle a adquirir estas herramientas, la presente evidencia de


aprendizaje consiste en realizar un taller sobre el diseño de un centro de
distribución denominado Workshop: Understanding the distribbution center layout.
Este taller consta de dos momentos en los que usted deberá hacer uso del
conocimiento técnico adquirido hasta el momento en el área de inglés para,
posteriormente, como segundo momento, participar en un debate, junto con otros
tres compañeros –seleccionados por el instructor- para compartir su opinión
respecto a las recomendaciones de diseño de un centro de distribución que
aparecen enunciadas en el taller.

Para la elaboración de la presente evidencia, tenga en cuenta lo siguiente:

Primer momento: comprensión y producción escrita

1. Estudie en su totalidad el material de formación Using prepositions to


describe Distribution Centers junto con el material complementario
disponible para esta actividad.
2. Desarolle completamente el taller disponible para la presente actividad de
aprendizaje Workshop: Understanding the distribution center layout. Para la
elaboración de este taller puede usar la herramienta ofimática de su
preferencia.
3. Envíe el archivo al instructor en formato .doc o .pdf a través de la
plataforma virtual de aprendizaje.

Segundo momento: comprensión y producción oral

1. Revise constantemente los anuncios de la plataforma para obtener


información de fecha y hora del encuentro sincrónico al que usted asistirá
para completar el segundo momento de la presente evidencia: Un debate
respecto a las prácticas para el diseño de un centro de distribución.

2. Participe en el encuentro sincrónico propuesto por su instructor para discutir


brevemente las respuestas brindadas por usted en la sección “Critical
thinking-Making decisions” del taller Workshop: Understanding the
Distribbution Center Layout.

Recuerde que debe sustentar su opinión por medio de las ventajas y


desventajas señaladas por usted para cada uno de los enunciados que
usted trabajó en el taller. De igual modo, recuerde utilizar el vocabulario
técnico aprendido. No olvide tener en cuenta el material complementario
““Expressions for Discussion and Debate” además de los diferentes
aspectos de pronunciación de inglés estudiados en actividades de
aprendizaje anteriores y en el video provisto en el taller mencionado.

Cabe aclarar que dicho encuentro contará con la participación de tres


aprendices más seleccionados por su instructor y, aunque este segundo
momento se realizará de manera grupal, su desempeño se evaluará de
manera individual.

3. Asegúrese de responder a cabalidad cada una de las preguntas de su tutor


o compañeros.

En caso de tener dudas relacionadas con la participación en una videoconferencia,


se recomienda consultar el video: ¿Cómo unirse a una sesión virtual de
Blackboard Collaborate?, ubicado en el botón Tutoriales del menú del programa
de formación.

Workshop: Understanding the distribution center layout

Your warehouse or distribution center layout greatly affects the performance of


your business. In fact, without a properly configured warehouse layout, you could
face capacity issues and even a decrease in productivity.
Complete the following activities in order to understand the importance of the
layout when designing a Distribution Center or warehouse.

1. Getting familiar with Distribution Centers

a. Read the following description of a Distribution Center and complete it with


the words from the box.

STORAGE RECEIVING AREAS CENTERS

All distribution centers have three


main AREAS and may have
additional specialized areas. The
three main areas are the _
STORAGE dock, also called loading
dock, the CENTERS area or cargo
deck, and the shipping dock.
In small organizations it is possible
for the receiving and shipping
functions to occur side by side, but
in large, RECEIVING separating
these areas simplifies the process.
b. Read and match. Read the definition for each of the areas that a distribution
center may include and match the definition with the name of such area.

1. LOADING DOCK 4 A. This area controls and ships large. This


department usually includes forklift truck
drivers to load containers and wagons,
and man-up or combi forklift trucks to
unload full pallets from warehouse
racking.
2. BULK DEPARTMENT 8 B. This department controls orders which
are leaving the country of the
distribution center. This department is
almost identical in function to a bulk
department; however, workers in this
department build pallets conforming to
different standards and sizes.
C.
3. QUALITY ASSURANCE 7 D. This area is in charge of replenishing
DEPARTMENT and storing goods in the store's
backroom or warehouse.
4. TRANSPORTATION 2 E. An area reserved for inventory that is
AREA ready for final assembly or transport.
5. EXPORT DEAPARTMENT 6 F. There are many types of this racking.
However, all types allow for
the storage of palletized materials in
horizontal rows with multiple levels.
6. STAGING LOCATION 1 G. This is an area of the warehouse where
goods vehicles (usually road or rail) are
loaded and unloaded. This area usually
includes pallet wrapping workers,
conveyor belt unloaders, forklift drivers,
and administrative staff
7. STOCKING 5 H. Arranges and coordinates shipments in
DEPARTMENT and out of the distribution center.
8. PALLET RACKING 3 I. This department performs periodic
checks of random samples of stock to
check quality, including from the
warehouse racking, goods in, and
returned stock.

Note: In case you have any questions with vocabulary, remember to check the
following dictionaries:
- http://www.businessdictionary.com/
- http://www.linguee.com/
2. Describing a Distribution Center

Following, you’ll see the very basic design of any Distribution Center. Check the image and
answer the questions:

Fuente: SENA
A) According to the image, complete the following paragraph by selecting the
best preposition for each case.
While creating a layout for your warehouse or distribution center can
be considered a big task, it doesn't have to be complicated. The
following tips can help you navigate the process of laying out your
warehouse and make the most out of your space.

1. Make sure you have enough pallets to store all your goods
in/on/at them.

R/ in

2. Organize your pallets evenly in/on/at specific racks in such


way that it is easy for the machinery –forklifts- to access
them.
R/ in

3. There should be enough space for your equipment or


machinery to move by/near/through the warehouse.
R/ through

4. The machinery or equipment station must be far/below/close


the shipping and receiving area in order to load and unload
freight trucks.
R/ close

5. The offices must be located in front of/under/above the


warehouse racking for you to supervise the activity within the
warehouse.
R/ in front of

Let’s check another example of a distribution center. Pay attention to the different
areas within this distribution center and answer the questions below:
Fuente: SENA

B) Write sentences to describe the previous distribution center. Do not forget to


use prepositions to describe their location. Check the example:

Where is the…? Answer


- Loading area The loading area is located next to the
freezer.
- Value added services area The Value added services area is located
in front of the Refrigerated specially
products area
- Inventory control area The Inventory control area is located near
the batch picking area
- Quality auditing area The Quality auditing area is located near
the put to store area
- Order packing area The Order packing area is located far from
the bulk transfers
- Refrigerated specialty The Refrigerated specialty products area is
products area located in front of the Value added
services area
- Put-to-store area The Value added services area is located
by the Reverse logistic

3. Critical thinking – Making decisions

A) Pros and Cons. Read the following statements about Distribution Center
Design and decide in your agree or disagree with the statement. Do some
research on the topic and provide pros and cons for each statement.

Check the example:

Your opinion:
I disagree. I think Distribution
Centers must have a specific
design that helps the regular non-
changing flow of goods.

PROS:
The layout in your warehouse must -With flexible Distribution
be flexible Centers you can ensure your
facilities are ready for anything that
comes in the future.
CONS:
-Flexible Distribution Centers tends
to be more disorganized. It is hard
to keep control of the changes.
Save space: cram as many pallet Your opinion: I agree. In this way
racks into your warehouse as we can have our products better
possible encored and organized.
PROS: Easy assessment and
identification of each product

CONS: Narrow aisles within storage


areas, limiting the maneuverability
of loading equipment.

Having an aisle map will help you Your opinion: I agree. Because it
validate that the correct item is in makes it easier to find opportunely
the assigned location. the location of all the areas

PROS: It saves time because all the


locations are determined on the
map, in this way it is not necessary
looking for them
CONS: If anything changes in the
area, the map might mislead people
around the area. So it must be
carefully updated all the time
Provide for the level of automation Your opinion: I agree. Because it
that can be cost-justified based on makes the processes faster and it
your particular operation and cost saves costs because it decreases
structure. the employee’s numbers.
PROS: It allows us to store a
greater number of products in a
reduced space
CONS; it has a high cost and it
makes us spend money on
maintenance.

4. Sharing your opinion

It is time to share your opinions about distribution centers design. Study the
complementary material “Expressions for Discussion and Debate” and get ready
for your Blackboard Collaborate session.

Study the following video to have a successful participation in your debate session.
Pay attention to pronunciation and the different expressions to participate in a
discussion How to discuss a topic in a group:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YY2yjEEoB3U
Pasos para enviar la evidencia:

Clic en el título de la evidencia.


Clic en Examinar mi equipo y buscar el archivo previamente guardado.
Dejar un comentario al instructor (opcional).
Clic en Enviar.

Nota: Recuerde que la elaboración de esta evidencia es de carácter individual y


para su desarrollo exitoso, usted debe revisar el material de formación “Using
prepositions to describe Distribution Centers” y los materiales complementarios
pertenecientes a esta actividad de aprendizaje.

Criterios de evaluación
 Explica claramente las ventajas y desventajas de una posible decisión en
lo técnico.

 Toma parte activa en debates informales dentro de contextos de trabajo


habituales.

 Plantea, explica y contesta hipótesis técnicas.

Nota: Recuerde que la elaboración de esta evidencia es de carácter individual y


para su desarrollo exitoso, usted debe revisar el material de formación “Using
prepositions to describe Distribution Centers” y los materiales complementarios
pertenecientes a esta actividad de aprendizaje.

Criterios de evaluación
 Explica claramente las ventajas y desventajas de una posible decisión en
lo técnico.

 Toma parte activa en debates informales dentro de contextos de trabajo


habituales.

 Plantea, explica y contesta hipótesis técnicas.