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Which of the following questions is not beneficial in exploring your topic?
Select one:
a. How does the issue relate to other public issues?
b. At what place is the cause or effect of the problem most visible?
c. When is the issue most apparent?
d. Why is it an issue or problem at all?
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Read the following narrative essay:

Jerry was the kind of guy you love to hate. He was always in a good mood and always had
something positive to say. When someone would ask him how he was doing, he would reply, "If I
were any better, I would be twins!" He was a unique manager because he had several waiters who
had followed him around from restaurant to restaurant. The reason the waiters followed Jerry was
because of his attitude. He was a natural motivator. If an employee was having a bad day, Jerry was
there telling the employee how to look on the positive side of the situation.” (Source:
http://examples.yourdictionary.com/narrative-essay-examples.html#eJbghHSKyA7cV5Mm.99)

The writer presented what point of view?


Select one:
a. First person
b. Third person
c. Second person
d. A mix of all the kinds
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Which of the following statements is not true?
Select one:
a. In clustering, you enclose a subject in a circle or underline it and then link it to other ideas using
lines
b. Learning to write is a sequential process.
c. You must start thinking about writing a completely unfamiliar topic and explore it along the way.
d. Editing is the stage where you go over your written work to look for errors in grammar.
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Read the following jumbled paragraph and answer the succeeding question.
(A) Guerrilla movements can exist only when they have some support from the people in their area
of operations. (B) This is because in all lands where a strong, ideologically motivated guerrilla force
looks in struggle with the government, ultimate victory goes to the side which succeeds in rallying
people. (C) Conversely, when the people deny or withdraw their support, the guerrilla lose their
ability to disengage, disappear and exist and shortly are down and wipe out. (D) The decisive factor
in the twilight war in South Vietnam is the support of the rural masses. (E) The greater the support
the more effective the guerrillas become.
This is the stage where you polish the order of your ideas and filter the information needed to get
your point across and correct any mechanical errors.

Select one:
a. B Writing
b. A Revising
c. D Pre-writing
d. E Editing
e. C Organizing
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The enormous growth in the use of the internet over the last decade has led to radical changes to
the way that people consume and share information. Although serious problems have arisen as a
result of this, there are solutions.

One of the first problems of the internet is the ease with which children can access potentially
dangerous sites. For example, pornography sites are easily accessible to them because they can
register with a site and claim to be an adult. There is no doubt that this affects their thoughts and
development, which is a negative impact for the children and for society. Another major problem is
the growth of online fraud and hacking. These days, there are constant news stories about
government and company websites that have been hacked, resulting in sensitive information falling
into the hands of criminals.

It is important that action is taken to combat these problems. Governments should ensure that
adequate legislation and controls are in place that will prevent young people from accessing
dangerous sites, such as requiring more than simply confirming that you are an adult to view a site.
Parents also have a part to play. They need to closely monitor the activities of their children and
restrict their access to certain sites, which can now be done through various computer programs.
Companies must also improve their onsite IT security systems to make fraud and hacking much
more difficult by undertaking thorough reviews of their current systems for weaknesses.

To conclude, the internet is an amazing technological innovation that has transformed people’s lives,
but not without negative impacts. However, with the right action by individuals, governments and
businesses, it can be made a safe place for everyone.

Which of the following statements is not true?


Select one:
a. Through right action of individuals, government and businesses, the internet can be made into a
safe place.
b. Internet has become so widespread that it is hard to track the cause of serious problems
encountered by its users.

c. Sensitive information have been falling into the hands of criminals

d. Pornography websites can be easily accessed by children.

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Read the following example of a definition paragraph:

Soren Kierkegaard, another famous existentialist, comprehends absurd as a synonym to paradox.


He defines it as a matter of faith and the only phenomena that allows a person to believe in self.
According to his philosophy, a human being is a synthesis of opposites: eternal and temporary, finite
and infinite, freedom and obligation. Due to the synthesis of these opposites in an individual’s
consciousness, one constantly resides in fear and despair (Liam 194). And the more self-
consciousness one possesses, the deeper these feelings are. The only way for salvation is faith in
God and this is where absurd comes in. Kierkegaard refers to the biblical myth about Abraham and
his son Isaac. According to this legend, God required Abraham to sacrifice his son to Him. In this
case, Abraham’s faith led him to commit a crime; it transformed a murder into an act of charity and
simultaneously, where faith had returned Isaac to his father alive. Faith cannot be logically argued,
but it works and this is absurd. Individuals are free and this freedom lets them find their own way to
God. (Source:
https://academichelp.net/samples/academics/essays/definition/absurd.html#sthash.TNCtvBtC.dpuf)
What is the strategy used in the development of the paragraph?
Select one:
a. Comparison
b. Connotation
c. Etymology
d. Denotation
e. Intensive definition
f. Extensive definition
g. Contrast
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This is the stage where you polish the order of your ideas and filter the information needed to get
your point across and correct any mechanical errors.
Select one:
a. Pre-writing
b. Revising
c. Editing
d. Organizing
e. Writing
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This is one of the terms used in writing narratives that refers to the outcome of the characters’
actions.
Select one:
a. Conclusion
b. Resolution
c. Climax
d. Falling action
e. Rising action
f. Ending
Question 9
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The enormous growth in the use of the internet over the last decade has led to radical changes to
the way that people consume and share information. Although serious problems have arisen as a
result of this, there are solutions.

One of the first problems of the internet is the ease with which children can access potentially
dangerous sites. For example, pornography sites are easily accessible to them because they can
register with a site and claim to be an adult. There is no doubt that this affects their thoughts and
development, which is a negative impact for the children and for society. Another major problem is
the growth of online fraud and hacking. These days, there are constant news stories about
government and company websites that have been hacked, resulting in sensitive information falling
into the hands of criminals.

It is important that action is taken to combat these problems. Governments should ensure that
adequate legislation and controls are in place that will prevent young people from accessing
dangerous sites, such as requiring more than simply confirming that you are an adult to view a site.
Parents also have a part to play. They need to closely monitor the activities of their children and
restrict their access to certain sites, which can now be done through various computer programs.
Companies must also improve their onsite IT security systems to make fraud and hacking much
more difficult by undertaking thorough reviews of their current systems for weaknesses.

To conclude, the internet is an amazing technological innovation that has transformed people’s lives,
but not without negative impacts. However, with the right action by individuals, governments and
businesses, it can be made a safe place for everyone.

Is the conclusion positive or negative?


Select one:
a. Yes

b. No

c. The essay does not imply so.
d. Neutral

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Read the following narrative essay:

In blistering Nebraska, it was America’s Independence Day. As usual on every Independence Day
since I was five years old, George and Terry, my two best friends, and I, went on a manly picnic. I
diligently carried out my household chores, packed my picnic bag and off I went to collect my friends
by way of bicycle. It is going to be an awesome day, I thought to myself as I sped down my
neighborhood street on my beat-up blue Schwinn. (Source:
https://academichelp.net/samples/academics/essays/narrative/life-long-best-
friends.html#sthash.WqammaPC.dpuf)

The writer presented what point of view?


Select one:
a. A mix of all the kinds
b. First person
c. Second person
d. Third person
Question 11
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This stage in the writing process narrows your topic into the most important and relevant.
Select one:
a. Writing
b. Pre-writing
c. Organizing
d. Revising
e. Editing
Question 12
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A stage in writing where you look for any mechanical errors.
Select one:
a. Editing
b. Writing the final draft
c. Revising
d. Writing
e. Rereading
Question 13
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Identify the topic sentence in the following paragraph:

(A) Gone with the Wind is not just Scarlett O’Hara’s story; it is also the story of another remarkable
woman, Melanie Wilkes. (B) The author describes Melanie as having “the face” of a sheltered child
who had never known anything but simplicity and kindness, truth and love, a child who had never
looked upon harshness or evil, and would not have recognized them if she saw them.” (C) Strangely
enough, the qualities that weakened Melanie in Scarlett’s eyes—loyalty, naivete, and simplicity—
actually proved to make Melanie a strong person.
Select one:
a. B and C
b. C
c. A and B
d. A
e. B
f. A and C
Question 14
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A pre-writing strategy which is the process of pouring out all your thoughts nonstop in an exact
order, language and form as you think them.
Select one:
a. Brainstorming
b. Freewriting
c. Clustering
d. Looping
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Fill in the blank with the appropriate transition word. Choose from the given set of words below.
Improvements in health, education and trade are essential for the development of poorer nations.
__________, the governments of richer nations should take more responsibility for helping the
poorer nations in such areas.

Select one:
a. Because of
b. However
c. With this in mind
d. Since
e. Despite
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Read the following jumbled paragraph and answer the succeeding question:
(A) For the first time however, the waters of Laguna de Bay are serving a new and different purpose.
(B) Today, these lands can be planted to palay during off-season. (C) They are being harnessed to
water rice field along the shores which are idle during the dry season. (D) Fish abound in its waters
and its shores have been favorable breeding ground for ducks. (E) Laguna de Bay has, for
centuries, been a major source of livelihood for people living along its shores.
Which is the most fitting 4th sentence for the given paragraph?
Select one:
a. C
b. A
c. E
d. B
e. D
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Read the following example of a definition paragraph:

The term protein quality refers to the ratio of essential amino acids (eaa) in a protein in comparison
with the ratio required by the body. A high quality protein contains eaa in a ratio that matches human
requirements. A protein which is lacking or low in one or more eaa is termed a low quality protein.
The eaa which is in the shortest supply is called the ‘limiting’ amino acid. In general, animal proteins
tend to be high quality while vegetable proteins tend to be low quality. The exception is soy protein
which is quite high quality.

What is the strategy used in the development of the paragraph?


Select one:
a. Contrast
b. Etymology
c. Denotation
d. Connotation
e. Comparison
f. Intensive definition
g. Extensive definition
Question 18
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The enormous growth in the use of the internet over the last decade has led to radical changes to
the way that people consume and share information. Although serious problems have arisen as a
result of this, there are solutions.

One of the first problems of the internet is the ease with which children can access potentially
dangerous sites. For example, pornography sites are easily accessible to them because they can
register with a site and claim to be an adult. There is no doubt that this affects their thoughts and
development, which is a negative impact for the children and for society. Another major problem is
the growth of online fraud and hacking. These days, there are constant news stories about
government and company websites that have been hacked, resulting in sensitive information falling
into the hands of criminals.

It is important that action is taken to combat these problems. Governments should ensure that
adequate legislation and controls are in place that will prevent young people from accessing
dangerous sites, such as requiring more than simply confirming that you are an adult to view a site.
Parents also have a part to play. They need to closely monitor the activities of their children and
restrict their access to certain sites, which can now be done through various computer programs.
Companies must also improve their onsite IT security systems to make fraud and hacking much
more difficult by undertaking thorough reviews of their current systems for weaknesses.

To conclude, the internet is an amazing technological innovation that has transformed people’s lives,
but not without negative impacts. However, with the right action by individuals, governments and
businesses, it can be made a safe place for everyone.

Which of the following is not a proposed solution of the author?


Select one:
a. Building of onsite IT security systems for companies

b. Install anti-virus programs that could prevent potential malware.
c. Parents should monitor the online activities of their children

d. Governments ensure adequate legislation and controls over website access

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Which of the following statements is true?
Select one:
a. You may choose to find a topic that only a handful people are interested in.
b. Organizing is when you express your thoughts in comprehensible sentences
c. Brainstorming shows relationships among a variety of ideas
d. You must come up with all the possible ideas from the pre-writing stage.
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What type of figure of speech is used in the following sentence?
The lady in the water screamed like a banshee.

Select one:
a. Metaphor
b. Hyperbole
c. Simile
d. Personification