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Music Theory 1 (ABRSM Grade 1-2)

1. Week 1
 Basic note value, including rest (Semibreve, minim, crochet, quaver, semiquaver)
 Barlines, time signature (2/4, ¾ and 4/4)
 Clef (treble and bass)
 Ties (note has to be held across a bar line)
 Dot (single)
 Accidental
 Tone and semitone

2. Week 2
 Cancelling accidental (natural sign)
 Major scales: C, G, D, F, Bb (T-T-S-T-T-T-S formula)
 Key signature
 Intervals
i. Harmonic (played together)
ii. Melodic (played separately)
iii. Unison – octave

3. Week 3
 Tonic triad (1st major)
 Creating new rhythm from existing rhythm (no melody)
 Performance direction (symbols)
i. Tie
ii. Slur (legato)
iii. Accent >
iv. Staccato
v. Pause
vi. Crescendo and decrescendo
vii. repeat
 Musical terms (https://www.mymusictheory.com/learn-music-theory/for-students/grade-
1/grade-1-course/139-18-foreign-terms)

4. Week 4
 Ledger lines (lower or higher notes, start with middle C)
 Rest (all values)
 Major scales: A, E, Bb, Eb

5. Week 5
 Key signature with/without accidental
 Triplet (quaver, crochet, mixed note value)
 Minor scales: Am, Em and Dm
6. Week 6
 Types of minor scales
i. Natural minor (T-S-T-T-S-T-T)
ii. Harmonic minor (T-S-T-T-S-3S-S)
iii. Melodic minor; ascending (T-S-T-T-T-T-S), descending (T-T-S-T-T-S-T)

7. Week 7
 *Mid term

8. Week 8
 Grouping notes and rest
 Composing a rhythm
i. 4 bars
ii. Musical sense
iii. End with long note
iv. NO rest
 Music symbols and term (https://www.mymusictheory.com/learn-music-theory/for-
students/grade-2/210-17-foreign-terms)

9. Week 9
 More Major Key
i. Up to 5 sharps
ii. Up to 5 flats

10. Week 10
 More ledger lines
 Transpose
i. At the octave – same clef (Up or Down 8 notes)
ii. To bass clef

11. Week 11
 Minor scales; Bm, Gm, F#m, Cm, Fm
 Simple time
i. Top no. 2, 3 or 4
ii. Main beat divided to 2
 Compound time
i. Top no. 6, 9, or 12
ii. Divided to 3
iii. Always dotted note
 Duple (2), triple (3), quadruple (4) time signature
12. Week 12
 Completing bar, including rest.
 4 bar rhythm, with compound time
 Interval (Unison to Octave)
 Phrases
i. Syncopation
ii. Ostinato
iii. Sequence
iv. https://www.mymusictheory.com/learn-music-theory/for-students/grade-2/581-
19-musical-devices-exercises

13. Week 13
 Performance directions music and musical terms
 https://www.mymusictheory.com/learn-music-theory/for-students/grade-2/210-17-
foreign-terms

14. Week 14
 Revision