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# I) Para la armadura mostrada determinar los esfuerzos y deformaciones en las barras, usando el metodo de rigidez por ensamblaje.

A =1 in2, E=
30000 klb/in2.
80 Klb

50 Klb
3
E= 30,000 Klb/in2
A= 1.00 in2
b1 b5
12 f b3

1 b2 b4 4
2

20 Klb
16 f 16 f

SOLUCIÓN

D4

3 D3

d1
D2
i j
D1 4 D5 q-d
1
2
Q-D
5 GDL

## 2.- Generamos la matriz de transformacion de desplazamientos [A]

D1=1 Di =0 , i ≠1

0 b1
1 b2
b1 b5 C1 = 0 b3
b3 -1 b4
0 b5
b2 b4

D2=1 Di =0 , i ≠2

0 b1
0 b2
b1 b5
b3 C2 = -1 b3
0 b4
0 b5
b2 b4

D3=1 Di =0 , i ≠3

4/5 b1
0 b2
C3 = 0 b3
b1 b1
b5 0 b4
b3 b5 b3 - 4/5 b5

b2 b4
b2 b4

D4=1 Di =0 , i ≠4

3/5 b1
b1 b5
b1 b3 0 b2
b3 b5
C4 = 1 b3
b2 b4 0 b4
b2 b4 3/5 b5

D5=1 Di =0 , i ≠5

0 b1
b1 0 b2
b5 C5 = 0 b3
b3
1 b4
4/5 b5
b2 b4

## D1=1 D2=1 D3=1 D4=1 D5=1

0 0 4/5 3/5 0 A1
1 0 0 0 0 A2
[A] = 0 -1 0 1 0 A3
-1 0 0 0 1 A4
0 0 - 4/5 3/5 4/5 A5

## E = 30000 Klb/in2 4,320,000 Klb/f2 [𝑘′]=[𝐸𝐴/𝐿]

A= 1 in2 0.006944 f2

barra 1: L1 = 20 f barra 2: L2 = 16 f

## [k'] 1 = 1.50E+03 [k'] 2 = 1.88E+03

barra 3: L3 = 12 f barra 4: L4 = 16 f

## [k']3 = 2.50E+03 [k'] 3 = 1.88E+03

barra 5: L5 = 20 f

[k']3 = 1.50E+03

## [𝑘_𝑖 ]=[𝐴_𝑖 ]^𝑇∗[ 〖𝑘′〗 _𝑖 ]∗[𝐴_𝑖 ]

barra 1:
0
0
[A1 ]T = 4/5 [k'1 ]*[A1 ] = 0 0 1.20E+03 9.00E+02 0
3/5
0

0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
[k 1 ] = 0 0 9.60E+02 7.20E+02 0
0 0 7.20E+02 5.40E+02 0
0 0 0 0 0

barra 2:
1
0
[A2 ]T = 0 [k' 2]*[A2 ] = 1.88E+03 0 0 0 0
0
0

1.88E+03 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
[k 2] = 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0

barra 3:
0
-1
[A3 ]T = 0 [k' 3]*[A3 ] = 0 -2.50E+03 0 2.50E+03 0
1
0

0 0 0 0 0
0 2.50E+03 0 -2.50E+03 0
[k 3] = 0 0 0 0 0
0 -2.50E+03 0 2.50E+03 0
0 0 0 0 0

barra 4:
-1
0
[A4 ]T = 0 [k' 4]*[A4 ] = -1.88E+03 0 0 0 1.88E+03
0
1

1.88E+03 0 0 0 -1.88E+03
0 0 0 0 0
[k 4] = 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
-1.88E+03 0 0 0 1.88E+03

barra 5:
0
0
[A5 ]T = - 4/5 [k' 5]*[A5 ] = 0 0 -1.20E+03 9.00E+02 1.20E+03
3/5
4/5

0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
[k 5] = 0 0 9.60E+02 -7.20E+02 -9.60E+02
0 0 -7.20E+02 5.40E+02 7.20E+02
0 0 -9.60E+02 7.20E+02 9.60E+02

## 5.- Ensamblamos la matriz de rigidez [K]

[𝐾]=∑▒[𝑘_𝑖 ]

3.75E+03 0 0 0 -1.88E+03
0 2.50E+03 0 -2.50E+03 0
[K] = [k1]+[k2]+[k3]+[k4]+[k5] = 0 0 1.92E+03 0 -9.60E+02
0 -2.50E+03 0 3.58E+03 7.20E+02
-1.88E+03 0 -9.60E+02 7.20E+02 2.84E+03

## 6.- Calculo de {R}

R4 80 Klb
R4 R3
3 50 Klb
3 R3

b1 b5

R2 12 f b3

1 R1 4 R5 R2
2 1 b2 2 R1 b4 4 R5
Q-D
20 Klb
16 f 16 f
Hacemos equilibrio en los nudos para determinar el vector {R}

Nudo 2:
Σ Fx = 0 ==> R1 = 0 Klb
Σ Fy = 0 ==> R2 = 20 Klb
Nudo 3:
Σ Fx = 0 ==> R3 = -50 Klb
Σ Fy = 0 ==> R4 = 80 Klb
Nudo 4:
Σ Fx = 0 ==> R5 = 0 Klb

Por lo tanto

R1 0 0 Klb
R2 20 -20 Klb
{R} = R3 = -50 ==> {Q} =- {R} = 50 Klb
R4 80 -80 Klb
R5 0 0 Klb

## 7.- Calculo de {D} de los desplazamientos en el sistema global

{𝑄}=[𝐾]∗{𝐷} {𝑄}=−{𝑅}
{𝐷}=[𝐾]^(−1)∗{𝑄}
1 2 3 4 5
0.00 3.75E+03 0 0 0 -1.88E+03 1
-20.00 0 2.50E+03 0 -2.50E+03 0 2
{Q} = 50.00 [K] = 0 0 1.92E+03 0 -9.60E+02 3
-80.00 0 -2.50E+03 0 3.58E+03 7.20E+02 4
0.00 -1.88E+03 0 -9.60E+02 7.20E+02 2.84E+03 5

## 5.33E-04 -3.56E-04 2.67E-04 -3.56E-04 5.33E-04

-3.56E-04 1.80E-03 -3.56E-04 1.40E-03 -7.11E-04
[𝐾]^(−1)= 2.67E-04 -3.56E-04 7.88E-04 -3.56E-04 5.33E-04
-3.56E-04 1.40E-03 -3.56E-04 1.40E-03 -7.11E-04
5.33E-04 -7.11E-04 5.33E-04 -7.11E-04 1.07E-03

Por lo tanto:
D1 4.89E-02 ft
D2 -1.66E-01 ft
{D} = D3 {D} = 7.49E-02 ft
D4 -1.58E-01 ft
D5 9.78E-02 ft

Desplazaminetos

## {𝑑_𝑖 }=[𝐴_𝑖 ]∗{𝐷}

barra 1 4.89E-02
{d1} = 0 0 4/5 3/5 0 -1.66E-01 = -3.47E-02 ft
7.49E-02
-1.58E-01
9.78E-02

barra 2 4.89E-02
{d2} = 1 0 0 0 0 -1.66E-01 = 4.89E-02 ft
7.49E-02
-1.58E-01
9.78E-02

barra 3 4.89E-02
{d3} = 0 -1 0 1 0 -1.66E-01 = 8.00E-03 ft
7.49E-02
-1.58E-01
9.78E-02

barra 4 4.89E-02
{d4} = -1 0 0 0 1 -1.66E-01 = 4.89E-02 ft
7.49E-02
-1.58E-01
9.78E-02

barra 5 4.89E-02
{d5} = 0 0 - 4/5 3/5 4/5 -1.66E-01 = -7.64E-02 ft
7.49E-02
-1.58E-01
9.78E-02

Esfuerzos

## {𝑞_𝑖 }={𝑞_𝑖 }𝑝+{𝑞_𝑖 }� donde:

{𝑞_𝑖 }�=[ 〖𝑘′〗 _𝑖 ]∗{𝑑_𝑖 } NOTA: como no existen fuerzas en las barras debido el
{q}p = 0
Entonces: 0

## {𝑞_𝑖 }={𝑞_𝑖 }𝑝+[ 〖𝑘′〗 _𝑖 ]∗{𝑑_𝑖 } {𝑞_𝑖 }=[ 〖𝑘′〗 _𝑖 ]∗{𝑑_𝑖 }

barra 1
{q1}= 1.50E+03 -3.47E-02 = -52.08 klb Comprensión

barra 2
{q2}= 1.88E+03 4.89E-02 = 91.67 klb Tracción

barra 3
{q3}= 2.50E+03 8.00E-03 = 20.00 klb Tracción

barra 4
{q4}= 1.88E+03 4.89E-02 = 91.67 klb Tracción

barra 5
{q5}= 1.50E+03 -7.64E-02 = -114.58 klb Comprensión

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T

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2
k

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(C
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11

b2 b4