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GENERAL AIRWORTHINESS

REQUIREMENTS FOR PAKISTAN

AIR NAVIGATION ORDER

VERSION : 3.0
DATE OF IMPLEMENTATION : 04-04-2011
OFFICE OF PRIME INTEREST : Airworthiness Directorate

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GENERAL AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENT FOR PAKISTAN

04/04/2011 ANO-005-AWRG-3.0
GENERAL AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENT FOR PAKISTAN

A. AUTHORITY:
A1. This Air Navigation order is issued by Director General Civil Aviation Authority of Pakistan in
pursuance of Rules 4, 5, 20, 180, 334 (3), 360 and all other enabling provisions in his behalf
of Civil Aviation Rules of 1994.

B. PURPOSE:
B1. The purpose of this ANO is to prescribe Airworthiness Requirements for
aircraft/components registered/manufactured in Pakistan.

C. SCOPE:
C1. Applicable to all PCAA approved AOC holders and organizations involved in
operation/manufacturing of an aircraft or aircraft components.

D. DESCRIPTION:

D1. DEFINITIONS:
D1.1 The following terms when used in this ANO, have the meanings assigned to them
respectively. Any term used in this ANO but not defined, shall have the same
meaning as given in the Civil Aviation Ordinance, 1960, Pakistan Civil Aviation
Authority Ordinance 1982, CARs, 1994 and relevant ICAO Annexes.
D1.1.1 State of Design - The State having jurisdiction over the organization
responsible for the type design
D1.1.2 State of Manufacture - The State having jurisdiction over the organization
responsible for the final assembly of the aircraft
D1.1.3 State of Registry - The State on whose register the aircraft is entered.
D1.1.4 Contracting State – A country other than Pakistan, that is a Party to the
Convention of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

D2. AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS FOR PAKISTAN

D2.1 As a Contracting State of International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Pakistan


accepts the ICAO Airworthiness Standards as outlined in International Standards on
Airworthiness of Aircraft i.e. Annex 8 to the Convention on International Civil
Aviation.

D2.2 PCAA is responsible for ensuring that every aircraft on its registry conforms in all
essential respects with the type design certificated in accordance with the
airworthiness code of EASA/FAA. For aircraft not holding Type Certificate of
EASA/FAA and issued Type Certificate by another contracting state, for which
EASA/FAA Type Validation Certificate was not issued, PCAA may consider such
aircraft for Type Acceptance.

D2.3 The State Operating Agency responsible for operation and/or maintenance of
aircraft shall be exclusively separate from State regulatory authority responsible for
compliance of prescribed ICAO Annexes.

D2.4 No relaxation of any regulation shall be granted to any State Operating Agency for
operation or maintenance of aircraft. It will be ensured that there must not be any
sort of dependency among the State Operating Departments responsible for
operation/maintenance and departments responsible for regulatory compliance.

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GENERAL AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENT FOR PAKISTAN

D2.5 In case any duties/responsibilities delegated to other PCAA divisions, state bodies,
contracting states, regional organizations, private agencies or individuals, their
competency will be established periodically by PCAA.

D2.6 An aircraft registered or manufactured in Pakistan for which a Certificate of


Airworthiness has been issued or validated by DGCAA shall be maintained to the
Airworthiness design standards as applicable to the type of aircraft certificated by
the State of Design.

D2.7 All operators operating wet, dry or damp leased aircraft are required to fulfill all
PCAA applicable regulations. Operators are also required to cover all airworthiness
aspects in their contract while leasing an aircraft amongst other operator(s) from
within or any other contracting state.

D2.8 The only exception is where the PCAA has executed an Article 83 bis agreement
with another State for a particular aircraft, in such case all or part of its functions
and duties as State of Registry/state of operator in respect to that aircraft under
Articles 12, 30, 31, and 32(a) of the Convention are transferred to the other State.
PCAA shall be relieved of responsibility in respect to the functions and duties
transferred and vise versa.

D2.9 When PCAA will signed an agreement under article 83 bis the charges for the
provision of regulatory services will be specified by DG CAA on case to case basis.

D2.10 In case of remote operation, the operator is required to arrange visit at no cost to
CAA on monthly basis for continuing Airworthiness.

D2.11 For the purpose of manufacturing of an aircraft / aircraft component, issue of Type
Certificate and Type Certificate Acceptance, PCAA shall adopt the following
Airworthiness Requirements:-

D2.9.1 EASA CS-22 for sailplanes and powered sailplanes


D2.9.2 EASA CS-23/FAR-23 for normal, utility, aerobatic and commuter category
aeroplanes
D2.9.3 EASA CS-25/FAR-25 for Large Planes.(Transport Category)
D2.9.4 EASA CS-27/FAR-27 for Small Rotorcraft (Normal Category Rotorcraft)
D2.9.5 EASA CS-29/FAR-29 for Large Rotorcraft

D2.12 PCAA will issue further necessary Airworthiness Requirements in line with ICAO
requirements, as and when required, being signatory of Chicago Convention in form
of ANOs, Airworthiness Notices, Policy Letters and may propose amendments in
CARs-94 as applicable. Same will be reviewed/amendment accordingly.

D2.13 All operators are required to prepare MEL based on MMEL and the same is to be
approved by PCAA.

D3. CONTINUING AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENTS:

D3.1 The aircraft, its engines, equipment and radios shall be inspected, repaired,
overhauled and replaced as per manufacturer’s schedule and procedures approved
by PCAA.

D3.2 All applicable directives issued by the State of Design, State of Manufacture and
PCAA regarding mandatory inspections, modification and replacements of parts
shall be complied within the time period specified therein.

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D3.3 All defects, which affect safety of the aircraft shall be investigated and rectified
before the aircraft flies. The permissible defects may be carried forward as per MEL
approved by PCAA.

D3.4 The maintenance shall be carried out by licensed aircraft maintenance engineers or
approved organizations or persons authorized by the PCAA.

D3.5 All requirements prescribed in Civil Aviation Rules, Air Navigation Orders,
Airworthiness Notices and Instructions issued by PCAA shall be complied with.

D3.6 The aircraft shall be flown within the limitations prescribed in the Flight Manual and
Operations Manual or equivalent documents of the aircraft.

D3.7 All operators of Aircraft above 5700KG MTOW are required to monitor and assess
maintenance and operational experience with respect to continuing airworthiness.
The significant experiences’ remedial actions shall be incorporated in Maintenance
Programme and such experiences shall be communicated to type design
organization.

D3.8 When an aircraft of a particular type is first entered on Pakistan Civil Aircraft
Register and issued or validated with Certificate of Airworthiness, in accordance
with 3.2 Part II of Annex 8, PCAA shall:-

D3.8.1 Advise the State of Design that it has entered such an aircraft on its
register.
D3.8.2 Determine the continuing airworthiness of an aircraft in relation to the
appropriate airworthiness requirements are in force for that aircraft.
D3.8.3 Develop or adopt requirements for continuing airworthiness of the
aircraft during its service life, including requirement in force for that
aircraft; continues to comply with the appropriate airworthiness
requirements after a modification, a repair or the installation of a
replacement part; and is maintained in an airworthy condition and is
compliance with the maintenance requirements of Annex 6, and where
applicable, Part III, IV, and V of the Annex
D3.8.4 Operator shall comply all mandatory continuing airworthiness
information originated in respect of that aircraft to the State of Design
and PCAA being State of Registry shall ensure the compliance of
applicable all mandatory continuing airworthiness requirements.

D3.9 When an aircraft has sustained damage, the PCAA shall judge whether the damage
is of a nature such that the aircraft is no longer airworthy as defined by the
appropriate Airworthiness requirements.

D3.10 When an aircraft of a Contracting State sustains or ascertains damage in Pakistan,


PCAA is entitled to prevent the aircraft from resuming its flight on the condition that
it will advise the State of Registry immediately, communicating to it all details
necessary to formulate the judgment.

D3.11 When the PCAA considers that the damage sustained is of a nature such that the
aircraft is no longer Airworthy, it shall prohibit the aircraft from resuming flight until it
is restored to an airworthy condition. If PCAA considers that the damage sustained
is of a nature such that the aircraft is still airworthy, the aircraft shall be allowed to
resume its flight.

D3.12 When a Pakistan registered aircraft sustains damage in a Contracting State, PCAA
may, in exceptional circumstances, prescribe particular limiting conditions to permit

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the aircraft to fly without fare-paying passengers to an aerodrome at which it can be


restored to an airworthy condition and the Contracting State that has originally, in
accordance with Para D3.4 prevented the aircraft from resuming flights, shall permit
such flight. Similar request of State of Registry for permitting ferry flight of all
damaged aircraft to an aerodrome for restoring it to an airworthy condition shall be
acceptable to PCAA.

D3.13 All modifications and repairs shall comply with airworthiness requirement
acceptable to the PCAA. Procedures shall be established to ensure that the
substantiating data supporting compliance with the airworthiness requirement is
retained. All modifications and repairs shall be effected in accordance with methods
appropriate to the aircraft concerned.

D3.14 The owner / operator (lessee) of a leased aircraft shall be responsible for
maintaining the aircraft in an airworthy condition.

D3.15 The owner / operator (lessee) of a leased aircraft shall also be responsible for
ensuring that:-

D3.15.1 All maintenance overhaul, alterations and repairs, which affect


Airworthiness, are performed as prescribed by the PCAA.

D3.15.2 Maintenance personnel make appropriate entries in the aircraft


maintenance records certifying that the aircraft is airworthy;

D3.15.3 The maintenance release is completed and signed by person or persons


qualified in accordance with the precisions of Annex 1 to certify that the
maintenance work has been completed satisfactorily and in accordance
with the prescribed methods.

D3.15.4 Monthly airworthiness return is submitted to the Airworthiness Directorate


on the prescribed forms.

D3.16 Copies of all amendments to the maintenance programme shall be furnished


promptly to all organizations or persons to whom the maintenance programme has
been issued.

D3.17 The operator/owner of an aircraft shall obtain and assess continuing airworthiness
information and recommendations available from the organization responsible for
the type design and shall implement resulting actions considered necessary with a
procedure acceptable to PCAA.

D3.18 Every operator shall supply relevant information of abnormal defects to the
manufacturer and the organization responsible for the type design of that aircraft.

D3.19 PCAA shall supply information about defect of an alarming nature to the Airworthiness
authority of state of design / manufacture.

D4. AMENDMENTS AND MODIFICATIONS:


D4.1 Any subsequent amendments or modifications to this ANO may be processed and
incorporated through Airworthiness Directorate, HQ CAA, in consultation with Chief
Legal Services, HQ CAA as and when required or deemed expedient or
appropriate.

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GENERAL AIRWORTHINESS REQUIREMENT FOR PAKISTAN

E. EVIDENCES (ACRONYMS / RECORDS / REFERENCES):

E1. ACRONYMS:

E1.1 ANO Air Navigation Order


E1.2 CAR Civil Aviation Rules 1994
E1.3 DG CAA Director General Civil Aviation Authority
E1.4 EASA European Aviation Safety Agency
E1.5 FAR Federal Aviation Regulations
E1.6 HQCAA Head Quarters Civil Aviation Authority
E1.7 ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
E1.8 PCAA Pakistan Civil Aviation Authority

E2. RECORDS:
Nil

E3. REFERENCES

E3.1 CAR 1994


E3.2 CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL CIVIL AVIATION 1944
E3.3 EASA CS 23
E3.4 FAR-23
E3.5 ICAO ANNEX 8

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INDEX

Sr. No. Contents Page No.


1 Authority 01
2 Purpose 01
3 Scope 01
4 Description 01
5 Definitions 01
6 General 01
7 Airworthiness requirements for Pakistan 02
8 Continuing Airworthiness Requirements 02
9 Amendment and Modifications 04
10 Evidences (Acronyms / Records / References) 05
11 Implementation 05

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