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Sperry Marine

User, Technical and Service Manual

NAVIGAT X MK 2
Digital Gyrocompass System

Rev. AA, 07 May 2004

056341
Head Office and Freight: Woltmanstrasse 19, D-20097 Hamburg, Germany
Correspondence Address: P.O. Box 10 47 09, D-20032 Hamburg, Germany
Tel.: ++49-40-299 00-0, Fax: ++49-40-299 00-298, E-mail Service: Kai_Stahl@sperry-marine.com
056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

Copyright ©
Northrop Grumman Sperry Marine, Hamburg, 2004
This document contains proprietary information of
Northrop Grumman Sperry Marine, Hamburg, Germany.
Any reproduction or publication of this document or any portions thereof without the prior
written consent of Sperry Marine is expressly prohibited.
Subject to alteration without notice.

Revision Record

Rev. Date Remarks

AA 07 May 2004 initial release


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

Contents
Safety Precautions

1 Description
1.1 Design and Main Features................................................................................... 1–1
1.2 Data and Signal Interfaces .................................................................................. 1–2
1.3 Technical Data ...................................................................................................... 1–3

2 Operation
2.1 Operating Conditions........................................................................................... 2–1
2.2 Power-up Sequence............................................................................................. 2–1
2.3 Display and Control Elements............................................................................. 2–2
2.3.1 Control and Display Unit .......................................................................... 2–2
2.3.2 External Control Devices .......................................................................... 2–2
2.4 Selecting the Heading Reference........................................................................ 2–3
2.4.1 Selection from the Control and Display Unit.......................................... 2–3
2.4.2 Selection from the Compass Monitor ..................................................... 2–3
2.4.3 Selection via external selector switch..................................................... 2–3
2.5 Adjusting the Display Brightness ....................................................................... 2–4
2.6 Acknowledging Alarms / Muting the Audible Alarm ........................................ 2–4
2.7 Optional Functions............................................................................................... 2–4
2.7.1 Acknowledging Alarms Remotely ........................................................... 2–4
2.8 Operating Menu ................................................................................................... 2–5
2.8.1 Entering / Quitting the Main Menu .......................................................... 2–5
2.8.2 Navigating the Menu ................................................................................ 2–5
2.8.3 Selecting Parameter Settings .................................................................. 2–6
2.8.4 Editing Parameter Values......................................................................... 2–6
2.9 Display Data Menu............................................................................................... 2–7
2.10 Manual Settings Menu ........................................................................................ 2–8
2.10.1 Manual Settings – Overview .................................................................... 2–8
2.10.2 Manual Settings – Parameters ................................................................. 2–9
Speed/Latitude .................................................................................. 2–9
Hdg. Diff. Alarm .............................................................................. 2–10
Magnetic Variation ......................................................................... 2–11
North Speed Error Correction ....................................................... 2–12
Settings NAVIPRINT ....................................................................... 2–13
Settings RoT / Time Const. RoT .................................................... 2–14
2.11 User Setup .......................................................................................................... 2–15
2.11.1 User Setup – Overview ........................................................................... 2–15
2.11.2 User Setup – Parameters........................................................................ 2–16
Date/Time ........................................................................................ 2–16
Software Version ............................................................................ 2–17
Magnetic Compass Calibration Table ........................................... 2–17

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056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

3 Errors and Alarms


3.1 Alarm Indication .................................................................................................. 3–1
3.1.1 Audible Alarm Indication ......................................................................... 3–1
Invalid Function ................................................................................ 3–1
System Alarm ................................................................................... 3–1
3.1.2 Visual Alarm Indication............................................................................ 3–1
3.1.3 Acknowledging Alarms / Muting the Audible Alarm............................. 3–1
3.2 Error Messages .................................................................................................... 3–2
3.3 Service Info Menu (Service Setup 2).................................................................. 3–3
3.3.1 Service Setup 2 – Access Code ............................................................... 3–3
3.3.2 Service Setup 2 – Overview..................................................................... 3–3
3.3.3 Service Setup 2 – Parameters.................................................................. 3–4
Gyrosphere Data .............................................................................. 3–4
Op. Time Counter ............................................................................. 3–4
Data List ............................................................................................ 3–4
Error List ........................................................................................... 3–4
Reset MK 2 ........................................................................................ 3–4

4 Preventive Maintenance
4.1 Maintenance Specifications................................................................................ 4–1
4.1.1 Gyrosphere Maintenance ........................................................................ 4–1
4.1.2 Five-Year Maintenance ............................................................................ 4–1
4.1.3 System Software Updates ....................................................................... 4–1
4.2 Maintenance by Shipboard Personnel............................................................... 4–2
4.2.1 Protecting the Gyrosphere from Low Ambient Temperatures............. 4–2
4.2.2 Removing the gyrosphere container from the compass housing........ 4–3
4.2.3 Re-installing the gyrosphere container in the compass housing......... 4–5
4.2.4 Power-up Function Test ........................................................................... 4–7
4.3 Maintenance by Service Personnel.................................................................... 4–9
4.3.1 Gyrosphere Installation and Service....................................................... 4–9
4.3.2 Updating the System Software ............................................................... 4–9

5 Installation
5.1 Installing the Compass Housing......................................................................... 5–1
5.2 Electrical Installation ........................................................................................... 5–2
5.3 Gyrosphere Installation....................................................................................... 5–2
5.4 Initial System Configuration ............................................................................... 5–3
5.4.1 Alignment Error Correction ..................................................................... 5–5
5.4.2 Magnetic Compass Calibration ............................................................... 5–6

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NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

6 System Configuration
6.1 Configuration Menu (Service Setup 1)............................................................... 6–1
6.1.1 Service Setup 1 – Access Code................................................................ 6–1
6.1.2 Service-Setup 1 – Overview ..................................................................... 6–2
6.1.3 Service Setup 1 – Parameters .................................................................. 6–5
Interface I/O ....................................................................................... 6–5
Mag. Hdg. Inp. ........................................................................... 6–5
Speed Input ............................................................................... 6–5
Pos. Input ................................................................................... 6–6
Sens. D.M. Outp. ....................................................................... 6–6
S/Fast M. Outp. .......................................................................... 6–7
Magn. Variation ......................................................................... 6–7
NMEA Superfast ........................................................................ 6–8
TxD NMEA Fast ......................................................................... 6–8
Sens Data 2 ................................................................................ 6–8
Analog ROT Outp. ............................................................................ 6–9
Sc. Factor ................................................................................... 6–9
Zero Offset ................................................................................. 6–9
Protocol Type .................................................................................... 6–9
System Type ..................................................................................... 6–9
System ....................................................................................... 6–9
Hdg. Sel. ................................................................................... 6–10
Align Err. Corr. ................................................................................ 6–10
Shaft Cor. Angle ............................................................................. 6–10
Gen. Alarm Setup ........................................................................... 6–10
Name Of Gyro ................................................................................. 6–11
Test Mode ....................................................................................... 6–11
Rate of Turn ............................................................................. 6–11
Change Settings ...................................................................... 6–11
Heading Value ......................................................................... 6–11
6.2 Factory Settings Menu (Technical Pages)........................................................ 6–12
6.2.1 Technical Pages – Access Code ............................................................. 6–12
6.2.2 Technical Pages – Overview .................................................................. 6–12
6.2.3 Technical Pages – Parameters ............................................................... 6–13
Software Version ............................................................................ 6–13
Update Software ............................................................................. 6–13
Correction Val. ................................................................................ 6–13

7 Troubleshooting / Corrective Maintenance


7.1 Troubleshooting Instructions.............................................................................. 7–1
7.2 Parts Location on Main PCB................................................................................ 7–1
7.2.1 Diagnostic LED indicators ........................................................................ 7–1
7.2.2 Connectors, Socketed ICs, Test Resistor, Potentiometers..................... 7–3

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056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

8 Gyroshpere Installation and Service


8.1 Safety Notes......................................................................................................... 8–1
8.1.1 Material Specification, Risk and Safety Information ............................. 8–1
8.2 Gyrosphere Handling and Storage Instructions ............................................... 8–2
8.3 Installation of the Gyrosphere ............................................................................ 8–3
8.3.1 Installing the Gyrosphere in the Gyrosphere Container ....................... 8–3
8.3.2 Installing the gyrosphere container in the compass housing .............. 8–8
8.3.3 Power-up Function Test ......................................................................... 8–10
8.4 Gyrosphere Maintenance Procedures ............................................................. 8–12
8.4.1 Removing the gyrosphere container from the compass housing...... 8–12
8.4.2 Removing the gyrosphere from the gyrosphere container ................ 8–14
8.4.3 Preparing the gyrosphere for re-installation........................................ 8–18
8.4.4 Exchanging the gyrosphere................................................................... 8–19

App. A Setup Tables

App. B Drawings

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NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

Safety Precautions

The following safety notice conventions are followed throughout this manual:

A Warning contains an operating or maintenance procedure, practice, condition, statement,


etc., which, if not strictly observed, could result in injury or death of personnel.

Special warning symbols are used in this manual to indicate


Danger from toxic substances,

Danger of electrical shock.

A Caution contains an operating or maintenance procedure, practice, condicion, statement,


etc., which, if not strictly observed, could result in damage to, or destruction of equipment.

Special caution symbols are used in this manual to indicate


Sensitivity of components to electric discharge.

A Note contains an essential operating or maintenance procedure, condition or statement


which is considered importnt enough to be highlighted.

Careless or improper use of this system may result in vessel damage and/or
Warning SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH.

Before using this system, operators must be appropriately trained and familiar
with the warnings, safety instructions contained in this manual and on system
components.

Always keep system manuals in a well-known, readily available location.

Never exceed specified system power or environmental limits.


Caution Only trained Sperry Marine service personnel is authorized to provide service
or make repairs to this system.
Never install unauthorized additional components into this system
Never make unauthorized modifications to this system

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056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

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NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

1 Description

1.1 Design and Main Features


The NAVIGAT X MK 2 is a microprocessor controlled gyrocompass system with
integrated automatic North speed error correction.

The single unit design with a polyurethane hard foam housing allows the gyro-
compass to be installed on any bridge. If required, an optional remote operat-
ing unit may be installed.

The unique method of supporting the gyrosphere by means of mere buoyancy


ensures North stabilization during short power failures. E.g., after a three
minute loss of power, no more than two degrees of deviation may be expected.
Once power has been restored, the gyrocompass will return quickly to the cor-
rect heading. The combined effects of the twin rotors and the liquid damping
system virtually eliminate latitude error.

Heading is measured as a 13-bit absolute value with a digital shaft encoder. The
high-speed follow-up system (follow-up speed up to 100°/s) ensures that accu-
rate heading and rate of turn data is provided under all operating conditions.

Integrated monitoring of the supply powers, gyroscope current and the follow-
up system ensure secure and trouble-free operation.

1: Description Page 1-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

1.2 Data and Signal Interfaces


The NAVIGAT X MK 2 provides input interfaces for a magnetic compass (flux-
gate sensor or electronic compass), speed log and position receiver.

The system provides four serial data outputs to analogue or digital repeaters
(including short-circuit-proof 24 VDC repeater power supply), two RS422 sen-
sor data outputs, a Fast output interface (reduced dataset) and a Superfast out-
put interface (adjustable baudrate, max. 38400 baud).

Furthermore, a Furuno AD10 heading output, a 6 step/° heading output, and an


analogue rate of turn output are provided. One sensor data output may be con-
figured to produce a graphical heading printout in conjunction with the nav.
data printer NAVIPRINT.

Fig. 1–1:
NAVIGAT X MK 2 data
and signal interfaces

Serial Repeaters

Magnetic Equipment using


Compass serial input

Equipment using
Furuno AD10 input
Position Receiver
Equipment using
6 step/˚ input
Speed Log
Analogue
R.o.T.
ROT
Indicators
Status Signals In

Nav. Data
Printer

Status Signals Out

The NAVIGAT X MK 2 may also be used as part of a component multicompass


system in conjunction with the Compass Monitor NAVITWIN III and a Switch-
Over Unit. In such a system, the Compass Monitor acts as the main heading
source selector and controls distribution of the compasses' output signals via
the Switch-Over Unit.

Page 1-2 1: Description


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

1.3 Technical Data


heading display ........................................................... 4-digit
max. follow-up speed.................................................. 100°/s
mean settling time....................................................... < 3 h
freedom of roll and pitch ............................................ ±40°

Accuracies
lin. mean settle point error .............................................. ≤ 0.1° sec lat
static error ............................................................................ ≤ 0.1° sec lat
dynamic error...................................................................... ≤ 0.4° sec lat
deviation after 3 min. power interruption ................. < 2°

Environmental Requirements
ambient temperature, operation ................................ -10 – +55 °C
ambient temperature, storage.................................... -25 – +70 °C
(w/o supporting fluid)
protection grade .......................................................... IP 23 to DIN 40050
Environmental Requirements and EMC .................. in accordance w. IEC 60945

Power Supply
supply voltages............................................................ main 24 VDC (18 - 36 V),
backup 24 VDC (18-36 V);
including automatic switch-
over to 24 V backup supply
in accordance with GMDSS
rules for INMARSAT/SES
terminals
max. ripple content ..................................................... ±4 Vpp; extreme values
may not exceed 36 V or fall
below 18V

Power Consumption
start-up ......................................................................... 80 W
operation ...................................................................... 45 W
each analogue repeater .............................................. 7 W
each digital repeater.................................................... 7 W

Dimensions and Weight


width................................................... 404 mm
height ................................................. 520 mm
depth .................................................. 420 mm
weight................................................. 25 kg 520

420
404

1: Description Page 1-3


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

Data Outputs
repeater (4x NMEA)..................................................... gyrocompass heading
magnetic compass heading
rate of turn
heading reference status
4x supply 24 VDC,
max. 7 W each
sensor data (2 x RS422) .............................................. gyrocompass heading
magnetic compass heading
rate of turn
position
speed
heading reference status
RS 422 Fast................................................................... gyrocompass heading
magnetic compass heading
rate of turn
heading reference status
RS 422 SuperFast ........................................................ gyrocompass heading
magnetic compass heading
rate of turn
heading reference status
6 step/° output.............................................................. act. heading
supply 24 VDC, max. 18 W
AD10 output ................................................................. gyrocompass heading
rate of turn, analogue.................................................. ±0.1–999.9 mV/°/min;
max. 10V, 10 mA
nav. data printer........................................................... graph: act. heading;
text: date, time, heading
reference, steering mode,
speed, position

Alarm and Status Outputs


potential-free contact closures,
max. 30W, 125V/1A each............................................. power failure / general de-
vice error
heading difference alarm

Data and Signal Inputs


magnetic heading........................................................ NMEA 0183
or PLATH-format
or NAVITWIN III
or NAVIPILOT
position......................................................................... NMEA 0183
speed ............................................................................ NMEA 0183
or 200 pulses/nm
steering mode (auto/man) .......................................... sel. switch status
heading reference ext. (gyro/mag)............................. sel. switch status
ext. alarm acknowledge (mute) .................................. sel. switch status

Page 1-4 1: Description


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

2 Operation

2.1 Operating Conditions


The permitted ambient temperature for the operation of the gyrocompass sys-
tem is -10 – +55 °C.

The NAVIGAT X MK 2 may no longer be operated when the ambient tempera-


Warning ture at the gyrocompass’ location falls below -10 °C.

When the ambient temperature at the gyrocompass’ location falls below -10 °C
while the compass is in operation or when the ambient temperature falls below
0°C while the compass is not in operation, the gyrosphere container must be re-
moved from the compass housing and stored in a place where the ambient
temperature will not fall below 0 °C.

If no storage place is available where the ambient temperature will not fall be-
low 0 °C, the gyrosphere must be removed from the gyrosphere container to
prevent possible damage by frozen supporting fluid.

The gyrosphere may be removed from the gyrospere container by authorized


Caution service personnel only.

2.2 Power-up Sequence


The NAVIGAT X MK 2 is not equipped with a power switch. The system powers
up as soon as the supply power is applied. No special procedures need to be
followed to power the system up or down.

To power up the NAVIGAT X MK 2:

Energize the system at the vessel’s switch and


SPERRY MARINE
fuse unit.
NAVIGAT X MK 2 A startup message is displayed and the initial
selftest is executed.

The heading display screen is shown, which dis-


MK2 HEADING
>F1 GYRO 1 271.2°
plays the heading data from the available com-
F2 MAGN.C. 270.9° passes and the heading difference alarm
DIFF G1/M 5° ü threshold.
The system is now operational.

After a power-up from cold, the NAVIGAT X MK 2 requires a settling time of


Warning three hours before reliable heading data is available.
Power up the system at least three hours before leaving harbour.
Power down the system during long docking periods only.

2: Operation Page 2-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

2.3 Display and Control Elements


2.3.1 Control and Display Unit

The NAVIGAT X MK 2 is operated from the integrated Control and Display Unit.

The control keys provide access to the compass’ multilevel display and operat-
ing menu. An integrated alarm buzzer provides audible alarm indication.

Fig. 2–1:
Control and Display Unit
LCD Display Screen
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ 4 x 20 characters, alphanumerical
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ Control Keys
direct SHIFT
functions: functions:
MENU F1
(Up) F2
(Down) F3
DIM – RESET
DIM + ENTER

2.3.2 External Control Devices

Depending on the installation, external devices may be present which control


certain functions of the NAVIGAT X MK 2:

• An additional Control and Display Unit may be used to operate the gyro-
compass from a remote location.
• A Compass Monitor NAVITWIN III may be used to select the heading
source and control data distribution to repeaters and other equipment.
• An external selector switch may be used to select between the Gyro and
Magnetic heading sources.
• A central alarm monitoring device may be used to display and acknowl-
edge gyrocompass alarms.

Page 2-2 2: Operation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

2.4 Selecting the Heading Reference


The operator may select one of the available heading sources as the heading
reference for the devices connected to the gyrocompass system (e.g. autopilot,
repeaters etc.). The selected heading reference is indicated by an arrow symbol
(>) in front of the corresponding heading value in the display.

Heading reference selection is permitted in manual steering mode only.


Note
In autopilot steering mode, the heading reference cannot be changed.

2.4.1 Selection from the Control and Display Unit

While the heading display screen is shown:

Press keys simultaneously to select the Gyro.

Press keys simultaneously to select the magnetic compass.

2.4.2 Selection from the Compass Monitor

In multicompass systems with the Compass Monitor NAVITWIN III, the Com-
pass Monitor is usually configured as the main heading selector unit.

At the Compass Monitor, press key to select Gyro 1.

At the Compass Monitor, press key to select Gyro 2.

At the Compass Monitor, press key to select magnetic compass.

In systems equipped with the Compass Monitor, heading selection via the com-
Note
passes’ Control and Display Unit(s) is disabled.

2.4.3 Selection via external selector switch

Use the external selector switch to select the heading reference.

In systems equipped with an ext. selector switch, heading selection via the Con-
trol and Display Unit(s) or the Compass Monitor is disabled.

2: Operation Page 2-3


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

2.5 Adjusting the Display Brightness

Press key to increase the display brightness.

Press key to reduce the display brightness.

2.6 Acknowledging Alarms / Muting the Audible Alarm

On alarm, press keys to acknowledge the alarm and clear the


alarm message from the display screen. The audible alarm is
muted simultaneously.

On alarm, press keys to mute the audible alarm.


The alarm message will remain on the display screen until the
alarm is acknowledged at the operating unit.

When the cause of an alarm is eliminated, a pending alarm message is cleared


Note
from the display and the audible alarm is muted automatically.
When an alarm has been confirmed, the ext. alarm status output will remain ac-
tive until the cause of the alarm is eliminated.

2.7 Optional Functions


The following functions are available only if the gyrocompass system is
equipped with the respective optional controls.

2.7.1 Acknowledging Alarms Remotely

On alarm, acknowlede the alarm from a remote device (e.g. a central alarm
panel). The audible alarm is muted. The alarm message will remain on the dis-
play screen until the alarm is confirmed at the operating unit.

Page 2-4 2: Operation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

2.8 Operating Menu


The data display screens and the manual settings, user and service setup
modes are accessed via a multilevel operating menu.

2.8.1 Entering / Quitting the Main Menu

From the heading display screen,


MK2 HEADING
>F1 GYRO 1 271.2°
or press key to go to the main menu
F2 MAGN.C. 270.9° screen.
DIFF G1/M 5° ü
From the main menu screen, press
key to return to the heading display
a/ c b screen.

MAIN MENU û
F1 DISPLAY DATA
F2 MANUAL SETTINGS
F3 SETUP MENU

2.8.2 Navigating the Menu

ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿû
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
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ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿü

da db dc a

ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ

bc
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿû ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿû ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿû
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
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ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿü ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿû
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿü ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿû
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿü
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ü
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ü
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ü
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ
ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ ÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿÿ

Press keys to enter a sub-menu

Press key to return to the next higher menu level.

Press key to go to the next/previous screen on the same menu


/ level.

2: Operation Page 2-5


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

2.8.3 Selecting Parameter Settings

In a number of sub-menus, parameters are set by selecting one out of several


options. Flashing up/down arrow symbols indicate that the operator is expected
to select the required setting.

When flashing arrows are shown:

Press key to scroll up/down through


MAN.SETTINGS
SPEED MODE: AUTO ý
/ available options.
POSIT MODE: AUTO
Press keys to confirm input and go to
next line.

2.8.4 Editing Parameter Values

In a number of sub-menus, parameters are set by editing a numerical value. A


flashing box symbol indicates that the operator is expected to edit a value.

When the flashing box is shown:

Press key to increase/decrease the


MAN.SETTINGS
MAN SPEED: ÿ**.* Kt
MAN LAT: **:**.** N
/ value at the cursor position up/down
through available options.

Press keys to move the cursor to the


/ next/previous position.

Press keys to confirm input and go to


next line.

Press keys to clear the input (value is


set to zero).

Page 2-6 2: Operation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

2.9 Display Data Menu


The Display Data menu provides access to the data display screens. The se-
lected display screen remains active until the user selects a different screen or
quits the display data menu.

Fig. 2–2: Display data


menu screens
DISPLAY DATA GYRO 1 Gyrocompass data
HEADING TRUE 271.3° - gyrocompass heading
ROT 1.2 °/MIN - rate of turn
CORR. ON 0.2°ü - correction status (on/off), act. value

cb
DISPLAY DATA GYRO 1û Magnetic compass data (if available)
HEADING MAGN 270.9° - magnetic compass heading
MAGN.VAR. 2.3° E - magnetic variation
ü

cb
DISPLAY DATA GYRO 1û Position data (if available)
POSITION AUTO - position mode (auto/man)
LAT 44.09.46 N - latitude
LON 023.54.21 E ü - longitude

cb
DISPLAY DATA GYRO 1û Speed (if available)
SPEED AUTO - speed mode (auto/man)
12.3 kt - actual speed
ü

cb
DISPLAY DATA GYRO 1û Date / T ime
DATE 23.01.99 - current date
TIME 12.34 - current time
ü

2: Operation Page 2-7


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

2.10 Manual Settings Menu


The Manual Settings Menu contains operational settings which may require to
be altered by the operator during normal operation.

2.10.1 Manual Settings – Overview

Fig. 2–3: The Manual


Settings Menu MAN.SETTINGS GYRO 1
F1 SPEED/LATITUDE SPEED/LATITUDE speed/latitude input settings
F2 HDG DIFF.ALARM
F3 MAG. VARIATION ü SPEED/LAT MODE
SPEED MODE
AUTO
MAN
cb POSIT MODE
AUTO
MAN
SPEED/LAT SET
man. speed value: 0.0 – 99.9 kts.
man. lat. value: 99:99.99 N – 99:99.99 S

HDG. DIFF. ALARM heading difference alarm threshold


BETWEEN
GY1 / M
OFF
alarm threshold: 0 – 99˚

MAGNETIC VARIATION mag. variation input settings


MODE
AUTO
MAN
man. variation value: 99.9˚ W – 99.9˚ E

MAN.SETTINGS GYRO 1û
F1 NORTH SP.ERR.CORR NORTH SP. ERR. CORR north speed error correction
F2 SET. NAVIPRINT
F3 SETTINGS ROT ON
OFF

SET. NAVIPRINT nav. data printer settings


NAVIPRINT
ON
OFF
PAP. SPEED
60 mm
150 mm
600 mm
HDG
±30˚
±180˚

SETTINGS ROT rate of turn time constant


TIME CONST. ROT
damping time constant: 0.0 – 10.0 s

Page 2-8 2: Operation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

2.10.2 Manual Settings – Parameters

2.10.2.1 Speed/Latitude

Sets the parameters for speed and latitude inputs used for the automatic North
speed error correction.

Speed/Lat Mode

Function: Selects between automatic and manual input of the actual speed
and latitude.

Settings: Speed Mode


man: speed is entered manually
auto: speed is entered automatically

Posit Mode
man: speed is entered manually
auto: speed is entered automatically

Speed/Lat Set.

Function: Enters the manual speed and latitude values.

Settings: man. spd.: 0.0 – 99.9 kts


man. lat.: 99:99:99 N – 99:99:99 S

Speed and latitude data is transmitted at the sensor data outputs in automatic
Note
mode only.
If speed and/or latitude are entered manually, the respective data must be con-
tinuously updated according to the prevailing conditions.
Manual speed input should be accurate to ±1 kt., manual latitude input should
be accurate to ±1°.

2: Operation Page 2-9


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

2.10.2.2 Hdg. Diff. Alarm

Sets the parameters for the heading difference alarm function. If the difference
between the heading data from the monitored compasses exceeds the set
threshold, the heading difference alarm relay is actuated. Simultaneously, an
error message is displayed and an audible alarm given.

Between

Function: Selects the heading sources to be monitored.

Settings: GY1/M
monitor internal gyro vs. magnetic heading

OFF
do not monitor heading difference

Diff. Alarm

Function: Enters the heading difference alarm threshold.

Settings: 0 – 99°

The heading difference alarm function is not available if the system type is set
Note
to G (Gyro only system).

Page 2-10 2: Operation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

2.10.2.3 Magnetic Variation

Sets the parameters for the magnetic variation. Magnetic compass heading
data is automatically corrected according to the effective variation value.
If automatic input is active, the magnetic variation is read from NMEA sen-
tences received at the position or magnetic compass interface.
If manual input is active, the applicable value for the magnetic variation is to be
taken from the sea chart relevant to the area in question and entered manually.

Mode

Function: Selects between automatic and manual input of the magnetic varia-
tion value.

Settings: Auto
magnetic variation value is entered automatically

Manual
magnetic variation value is entered manually

Man. Value

Function: Enters the manual magnetic variation value.

Settings: 99.9° W – 99.9° E

In case of manual input of the variation, check for the sea chart‘s date of issue
Note
and apply annual changes of the magnetic variation, if necessary.
In case of automatic input of the variation, check that the correct value is re-
ceived from the respective data source, especially if the variation is calculated
automatically by a GPS system.
It is generally not recommended to rely on magnetic variation values produced
by automatic calculation in GPS systems.
The setting of the magnetic variation is not available if the system type is set to
G (Gyro only system).

2: Operation Page 2-11


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

2.10.2.4 North Speed Error Correction

Function: Activates /deactivates the automatic North speed error correction. If


automatic north speed error correction is active, the system perma-
nently calculates the north speed error from the current speed and
position and corrects the gyrocompass heading data accordingly.

Settings: ON
North speed error correction is active

OFF
North speed error correction is not active

Automatic north speed error correction should be active at any time unless an
Note
external device is used to apply correction to the heading data.
In conjunction with automatic north speed error correction, it is higly recom-
mended to use automatic speed and position input.
If manual speed and/or position input is used, the relevant data must be contin-
uously updated according to the prevailing conditions.
Manual speed input should be accurate to at least 1 kt., manual latitude input
should be accurate to at least 1°.

Page 2-12 2: Operation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

2.10.2.5 Settings NAVIPRINT

Sets the parameters for the printout of an act. heading graph using the nav.
data printer NAVIPRINT.

Naviprint

Function: Switches printing on/off.

Settings: ON
output to printer active

OFF
no output to printer

Pap. Speed

Function: Sets the paper feed speed for the heading graph.

Settings: 60 mm
print at 60 mm/h (1 cm = 10 min.)

150 mm
print at 150 mm/h (1 cm = 4 min.)

600 mm
print at 600 mm/h (1 cm = 1 min.)

Hdg

Function: Sets the horizontal scaling of the heading graph.

Settings: ±30°
scale to show 30° to the left and to the right from the graph’s center
(current print position shifts to center when graph margin is
reached)

±180°
scale to show 180° to the left and to the right from the graph’s
center (current print position shifts to center when graph margin is
reached)

After any interruption of power, the compass system‘s internal clock must be
Note
reset in the user setup in order for date and time to appear correctly on the
printout.

2: Operation Page 2-13


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

2.10.2.6 Settings RoT / Time Const. RoT

Function: Sets the damping time constant for the analogue rate-of-turn out-
put. The larger the constant, the stronger sudden peaks of the out-
put voltage are damped.

Settings: time const.: 0.0 – 10.0 s

Damping is effective for the analogue rate of turn output only. The digital dis-
Note
play and the serial outputs always provide undamped rate of turn data.

Page 2-14 2: Operation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

2.11 User Setup


The User Setup menu provides access to the internal clock, software version
data and the magnetic compass calibration table.

2.11.1 User Setup – Overview

Fig. 2–4: The User Setup


Menu USER SETUP
F1 DATE/TIME DATE/TIME input date/time
F2 SOFTWARE VERSION
F3 MAG.C. CAL.TABLE MODE
AUTO
MAN
DATE
dd.mm.yy (day/month/year)
TIME
hh.mm (hours/minutes)

SOFTWARE VERSION software version info


master board: nn.n

MAG. C. CAL.TABLE magnetic compass


calibration table
MAG. C. CAL.TABLE
ON
OFF
ENTER VALUES (F1)
entry #: 0 – 49
hdg. display: 0.0 – 359.9˚
corr.value: -99.9 – +99.9˚

2: Operation Page 2-15


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

2.11.2 User Setup – Parameters

2.11.2.1 Date/Time

Sets the parameters for the internal clock. Date and time information is accessi-
ble via the display data menu. If a nav. data printer NAVIPRINT is connected to
the compass system, the internal clock provides the time reference for the
printer.

Mode

Function: Selects between automatic and manual input of date and time.

Settings: MAN
date and time are entered manually

AUTO
date and time are read automatically from the position input via a
NMEA „ZDA“ sentence

Date

Function: Enters the current date.

Settings: dd.mm.yy (day, month, year)

Time

Function: Enters the current time.

Settings: hh.mm (hours, minutes)

The internal clock is not backed up by a battery.


Note
In case of manual input, date and time must be reset by the operator after any
interruption of power.

Page 2-16 2: Operation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

2.11.2.2 Software Version

Function: Displays the version numbers of the system software on the main
PCB and of an external control and display unit (if applicable).

Settings: No settable parameters, this menu is read-only.

2.11.2.3 Magnetic Compass Calibration Table

Selects between the calibrated/uncalibrated display of the magnetic compass


heading and accesses to the magnetic compass calibration table.

Mag.C. Cal. Table

Function: Switches calibration on/off.

Settings: ON
calibration is active

OFF
calibration is not active

Enter Values

Function: Accesses the calibration table entries.

Settings: The calibration table provides storage for up to 50 heading/correc-


tion value pairs to calibrate magnetic heading.
The calibration procedure is described in the installation section of
this manual.

2: Operation Page 2-17


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

Page 2-18 2: Operation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

3 Errors and Alarms

3.1 Alarm Indication


3.1.1 Audible Alarm Indication

3.1.1.1 Invalid Function

A single short beep indicates that an invalid function was selected. This
is the case, e.g. if the operator attempts to change the heading reference
while the Auto steering mode is active.

3.1.1.2 System Alarm

Continuous on-off beeping indicates that a system alarm is present. Si-


multaneously, an error message is shown on the display.

3.1.2 Visual Alarm Indication

In case of a system alarm, an error message is shown on the display which


specifies the type of alarm present.

Fig. 3–1:
an alarm message GYRO FAILURE
(gyro failure) F1 CONFIRM

The message remains on the screen until the operator acknowledges the alarm.

3.1.3 Acknowledging Alarms / Muting the Audible Alarm

On alarm, press keys to acknowledge the alarm and clear the


alarm message from the display screen. The audible alarm is
muted simultaneously.

On alarm, press keys to mute the audible alarm.


The alarm message will remain on the display screen until the
alarm is acknowledged at the operating unit.

When the cause of an alarm is eliminated, a pending alarm message is cleared


Note
from the display and the audible alarm is muted automatically.
When an alarm has been confirmed, the ext. alarm status output will remain ac-
tive until the cause of the alarm is eliminated.
All active alarms may be viewed in the error list in the Service Setup 2. When
the cause of the alarm is eliminated, the corresponding entry is automatically
cleared from the error list.

3: Errors and Alarms Page 3-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

3.2 Error Messages


The following table lists the error messages which may appear on the display
and in the error list when a system alarm is active.

Message Message in
on Display Error List Remarks Corrective Action

GYRO FAILURE FAILURE The system cannot pro- Restart the gyrocom-
GYRO 1 vide gyro heading. pass system. If the error
Possible causes are persists, call an author-
defects of the gyro- ized Sperry Marine
sphere, the follow-up service station.
system or the shaft
encoder, or a defect of
the hard- or software on
the main PCB.
MAGN. FAILURE Loss of magnetic head- Check magnetic head-
COMPASS MAGN. ing data from ext. ing source
ERROR source.
SPEED FAILURE Loss of speed data from Check speed data
ERROR SPEED ext. source. source
POSITION FAILURE Loss of position data Check position data
ERROR POS. from ext. source. source
HEADING HEAD. DIFF Gyro and magnetic Check heading sources
DIFF. ALARM ALARM heading differ by more to determine cause of
than the set alarm the difference
threshold.
FAILURE DC FAILURE DC Lost power from main Check main DC power
MAIN SUPPLY MAIN supply. supply
FAILURE DC FAILURE DC Lost power from backup Check backup DC power
BACKUP BACKUP supply. supply
SUPPLY
RECOMMENDED OPERATION Shown at power-up if Press F1 to acknowl-
ANNUAL MAIN- TIME more than 18 months edge alarm. System will
TENANCE DUE! have passed since last power-up normally.
(see manual) gyrosphere mainte- To ensure trouble-free
nance operation, it is highly
recommended to have
maintenance carried
out every 18 months.
NTIII COM FAULT NTIII COM Loss of input data from Check Compass Moni-
FAULT compass monitor tor
NAVITWIN III

Page 3-2 3: Errors and Alarms


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

3.3 Service Info Menu (Service Setup 2)


The Service Setup 2 provides access to system status information which is used
during installation and for troubleshooting. Furthermore, an option is provided
to reset the system without cycling the power (warm start).

3.3.1 Service Setup 2 – Access Code

To prevent inadvertent or unauthorized changes to the system configuration, all


service setup menus are protected by access codes.

From the main menu screen, go to „Setup Menu / Service Setup“:

To access the Service Setup 2, enter code 610.


SERVICE SETUP
ENTER SETUP CODE
000

3.3.2 Service Setup 2 – Overview

SERVICE SETUP 2
F1 GYROSPHERE DATA GYROSPHERE DATA gyrosphere operational data
F2 OP.TIME COUNTER
F3 DATA LIST ü TEMPERATURE: gyrosphere ambient temperature
PH. BRIDGE: phase bridge voltage
GYRO CURR.: gyrosphere current

cb OP. TIME COUNTER operation time counter


operation time since last gyroshpere service (hours)

DATA LIST list of operational data


not implemented in current software release

SERVICE SETUP 2 û
F1 ERROR LIST ERROR LIST list of active errors
F2 RESET MK 2
error messages
number of active errors

RESET MK 2 system reset (warm start)


initiate system reset

3: Errors and Alarms Page 3-3


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

3.3.3 Service Setup 2 – Parameters

3.3.3.1 Gyrosphere Data

Function: Displays the gyrosphere operating data

Displays: Temperature
The ambient temperature around the gyrosphere container.

Ph. Bridge
The follow-up circuit phase bridge voltage.

Gyro Curr.
The gyrosphere current.

3.3.3.2 Op. Time Counter

Function: Displays the gyrosphere operation time counter

Displays: Operation time in hours since last gyrosphere service.


The operation time counter is reset to zero by the service personnel
after each gyrosphere service.

3.3.3.3 Data List

The Data List is not implemented in the current software version.

3.3.3.4 Error List

Function: Displays the currently active system alarms

Displays: Error messages


The display alternates through the message texts of all active
alarms. If no errors are present, „No Errors“ is displayed.

No. of errors
Displays the total number of active errors

3.3.3.5 Reset MK 2

Function: Initiates a system reset (warm start).


The warm start is equivalent to powering the system down and up,
except that the power is not cycled.

Page 3-4 3: Errors and Alarms


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

4 Preventive Maintenance

4.1 Maintenance Specifications


The gyrosphere is the only component of the NAVIGAT X Mk 2 which requires
regular maintenance.

Except for the removal of the complete gyroshpere container to protect it from
low ambient temperatures, any maintenance or service work on the compass
system is to be carried out by authorized service personnel only.

4.1.1 Gyrosphere Maintenance

Sperry Marine recommends to have a regular gyroshpere maintenance carried


out by authorized service personnel every 18 months. During the 18-month
maintenance, the gyrosphere and the inner surface of the container are cleaned
and all fluids are renewed. If necessary, the centering pin is exchanged.

If more than 18 months have passed since the last gyrosphere maintenance, a
Note
reminder message is displayed every time the gyrocompass is powered up.
This message indicates no malfunction but is intended to remind the operator
that the recommended maintenance interval has been exceeded.
When the reminder message is acknowledged, the gyrocompass will power-up
and commence normal operation. During the gyrosphere maintenance, the gy-
rosphere operation time counter is reset.

4.1.2 Five-Year Maintenance

To ensure continued trouble-free operation and to minimize the risk of failure,


Sperry Marine recommends that every five years, the gyrosphere and the
centering pin are exchanged by authorized service personnel.

The five-year exchange interval for the gyrosphere is to be regarded as a rec-


Note
ommendation only. Under normal conditions, the gyrosphere is able to operate
flawlessly over a considerably longer period of time.

4.1.3 System Software Updates

Sperry Marine may occasionally provide new software releases, to enhance the
capabilities of the equipment or to apply bugfixes. The NAVIGAT X Mk 2 sys-
tem software can be updated in the field by exchanging the flash-memory chip
on the main PCB.

Only authorized service personnel may perform system software updates.


Note
It is generally not required to update the software in existing installations, as
these will mostly not benefit from the added functionality.
In case of important software bugfixes, Sperry Marine will issue a service bulle-
tin to inform the owners of the respective equipment.

4: Preventive Maintenance Page 4-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

4.2 Maintenance by Shipboard Personnel


4.2.1 Protecting the Gyrosphere from Low Ambient Temperatures

The permitted ambient temperature for the operation of the gyrocompass sys-
tem is -10 – +55 °C.

The NAVIGAT X MK 2 may no longer be operated when the ambient tempera-


Warning ture at the gyrocompass’ location falls below -10 °C.

When the ambient temperature at the gyrocompass' location falls below -10 °C
while the compass is in operation or when the ambient temperature falls below
0°C while the compass is not in operation, the gyrosphere container must be re-
moved from the compass housing and stored in a place where the ambient
temperature will not fall below 0 °C.

If no storage place is available where the ambient temperature will not fall be-
low 0 °C, the gyrosphere must be removed from the gyrosphere container to
prevent possible damage by frozen supporting fluid.

The gyrosphere may be removed from the gyrospere container by authorized


Caution service personnel only.

Page 4-2 4: Preventive Maintenance


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

4.2.2 Removing the gyrosphere container from the compass housing

The gyrosphere container with the gyrosphere installed must be handled very
Caution carefully. The container must be kept in an upright position at all times.

Parts required
– a 5mm Allen key
– a No. 2 Philips-head screwdriver

Procedure
1) Make sure the compass' main and backup power supplies are switched off
and safeguarded against accidental switching-on.

2) Unscrew the 5 mm Allen-head screws of


the compass housing door and take off
the door from the housing.

3) Disconnect the grounding strap be-


tween door and housing. Place the door
aside. If the door is put next to the hous-
ing, the keypad's ribbon cable may be
left connected to the main PCB.

4) Unplug the gyrosphere supply and


phase bridge connector from its socket
on the gyrosphere container.

4: Preventive Maintenance Page 4-3


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

5) Gently turn the bellows, until the largest


of the three coupling seats in the bayo-
net collar points towards the front of the
housing. the seat is marked by a green
dot on the collar.

6) Put both hands around the container and


lift it up, so that the coupling tongues
disengage from their seats in the bayo-
net.
7) While supporting the container with both
palms, put the thumbs on the rim of the
collar and turn the collar to the left.

8) Gently lower the container. The cou-


pling tongues slide down in the grooves
of the bayonet and the container is re-
leased from the collar.
9) Carefully take the container out of the
housing and carry it to its storage loca-
tion.

10) At the storage location, carefully place the container into its original trans-
port box. Clearly label the box and take all precautions necessary to pre-
vent it from being moved, tilted or subjected to shock.
11) At the gyrocompass, unplug the supply power connector, TB 1, to make
sure power cannot be accidentally applied while the gyrosphere container
is not installed.
12) Put the door in front of the housing and connect the grounding strap.
13) Fit the door back on the housing and tighten the retaining screws.

Page 4-4 4: Preventive Maintenance


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

4.2.3 Re-installing the gyrosphere container in the compass housing

The gyrosphere container with the gyrosphere installed must be handled very
Caution carefully. The container must be kept in an upright position at all times.

Parts required
– a 5mm Allen key
– a No. 2 Philips-head screwdriver

Procedure
1) Make sure the compass' main and backup power supplies are switched off
and safeguarded against accidental switching-on.

2) Unscrew the 5 mm Allen-head screws of


the compass housing door and take off
the door from the housing.

3) Disconnect the grounding strap be-


tween door and housing. Place the door
aside. If the door is put next to the hous-
ing, the keypad's ribbon cable can be left
connected to the main PCB.
4) Gently turn the bellows, until the largest
of the three coupling seats in the bayo-
net collar points towards the front of the
housing. the seat is marked by a green
dot on the collar.

5) Unpack the gyrosphere container from its storage box and carefully take it
to the compass' location.

6) Place the gyrosphere container into the


compass housing with the largest of the
three coupling tongues located directly
below the groove in the collar. The
tongue is marked by a green dot on the
container

4: Preventive Maintenance Page 4-5


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

7) Put both hands around the container and


lift it into the collar, so that the coupling
tongues slide into the corresponding
grooves in the bayonet.
8) While supporting the container with both
palms, put the thumbs on the rim of the
collar and turn the collar to the right

9) Gently lower the container. The cou-


pling tongues engage into their seats in
the bayonet and the container is locked
in place by gravity.

10) Plug the gyrosphere supply and phase


bridge connector into its socket on the
gyrosphere container.
11) Check that the gyrosphere container can
be freely and smoothly turned around
the vertical axis.

12) Put the door in front of the housing, so


that the keypad can be operated. If the
pad has been disconnected during gyro-
sphere installation, reconnect the ribbon
cable to connector J 4 on the main PCB.

13) The compass is now ready to be put into operation for the power-up func-
tion test. To observe the correct working of the follow-up circuit, the hous-
ing may be left open during the run-up phase.

Page 4-6 4: Preventive Maintenance


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

4.2.4 Power-up Function Test

To verify the correct operation of the compass, the power-up sequence and the
settling of the compass is observed. The gyrosphere current is periodically
checked during the first 45 minutes of operation and the final heading output is
checked after the compass has settled.

When the compass is energized (24 VDC main and/or backup supply present),
Warning the gyrosphere operating voltage of 100 VAC @ 337 Hz is present on the main
PCB, the gyrosphere supply lines and accross the gyrosphere contacts.
When operating the compass while the housing is open, do not touch the main
PCB, the connecting cables to the gyrosphere container or the base contact.

Procedure
1) Power up the gyrocompass system:

Energize the system at the vessel's switch and


SPERRY MARINE
fuse unit.
NAVIGAT X MK 2 A startup message is displayed and the initial
selftest is executed.

The heading display screen is shown, which dis-


MK2 HEADING
>F1 GYRO 1 271.2°
plays the heading data from the available com-
F2 MAGN.C. 270.9° passes and the heading difference alarm
DIFF G1/M 5° ü threshold.
The system is now operational.

Should a „GYRO FAILURE“ alarm be given at power-up, the compass is not


Caution working properly.
De-energize the system and visually check the connections to the gyrosphere,
the follow-up step motor and the shaft encoder.
If the failure reoccurs when the compass is powered-up again, the installation
has not been carried out correctly or the gyrosphere is defective.

2) Observe the run-up behaviour the gyrosphere:


a) The gyro motors will create a spinning noise which slowly but con-
stantly rises in pitch until the motors reach their final speed of rotation.
b) The gyrosphere will commence a slow oscillatory motion around the
vertical which can be observed through the transparent container. The
amplitude and speed of this motion will gradually decrease while the
sphere settles to its final heading.
c) The follow-up system will turn the container quickly around the sphere
until locking onto a fixed position relative to the gyrosphere. From then
on, the container will follow the motion of the gyrosphere. Locking may
be lost several times during the early settling phase, but as soon as the
gyrosphere current reaches the normal operational level, the container
must remain locked to the gyrosphere.

4: Preventive Maintenance Page 4-7


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

3) In the Service Setup 2 (code 610), select the gyrosphere data sub-menu to
observe the gyrosphere current:

Directly after power-up, the gyrosphere current


GYROSHPERE DATA
TEMPERATURE 42 °C
should not exceed 550 mA. The current will
PH BRIDGE 10 mV gradually fall while the gyrosphere settles.
GYRO CURR 432 mA

Within 45 minutes after power-up, the gyro-


GYROSHPERE DATA
TEMPERATURE 42 °C
sphere current must have dropped to a value
PH BRIDGE 10 mV below 300 mA.
GYRO CURR 234 mA

If 45 minutes after power-up, a gyrosphere current above 300 mA is dis-


played in the gyrosphere data sub-menu, the value should be confirmed
by measuring directly at the test resistor R 54 (1Ω) on the main PCB.

The AC-voltage present accross test resistor R 54 in mV equals the gyro-


sphere current in mA.

If 45 minutes after power-up, the gyrosphere current has not dropped below
Caution 300 mA, the gyrosphere is not working properly.
If visual inspection reveals no obvious cause of malfunction, the gyrosphere is
to be regarded defective and must be replaced.

4) Put the door in front of the housing and connect the grounding strap.
5) Fit the door on the housing and fasten the retaining screws.
6) If the nav. data printer NAVIPRINT is used, enter the current date and time
in the User Setup.
7) After a settling time of at least 4 hours, verify that the compass has settled
to the correct heading. The compass is to display the vessel's true heading
to an accuracy of ±0.5°.

Page 4-8 4: Preventive Maintenance


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

4.3 Maintenance by Service Personnel


4.3.1 Gyrosphere Installation and Service

Gyrosphere installation and service are described in Chapter 8 of this manual.

4.3.2 Updating the System Software

A system software update is installed by exchanging the pre-programmed


flash-memory chip, IC 35, on the main PCB.

The flash-memory chip is a static-sensitive device.


Warning
Caution Precautions must be taken to prevent electrostatic discharge.

Parts and tools required


– a flash-memory chip, stock no. 20669, pre-programmed with the latest sys-
tem software release
– a 5 mm Allen key
– a suitable IC extractor tool (the flash-memory package is a 32-pin PLCC)

Procedure
1) Retrieve the standard manual settings, system configuration and magnetic
compass calibration tables and verify that the recorded parameters corre-
spond to the actual settings as stored in the compass' memory.
If no records have been kept, make copies of the blank forms at the back of
this manual and fill out the tables completely.
In particular, verify that the shaft encoder correction value corresponds to
the value marked on the baseplate and make sure to record the shaft en-
coder and alignment error correction values.
2) Access the Technical Pages and make notes of the temperature correction
and gyrosphere current gain values.

When the system software is updated, all parameters in the Manual Settings,
Caution User Setup, Service Setup 1 and Technical Pages menus will be reset to their
factory defaults.
All parameters must be recorded before the old flash-memory chip is removed
and re-entered manually when the new chip has been installed.

4: Preventive Maintenance Page 4-9


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

3) De-energize the system and safeguard the main and backup power sup-
plies against accidental switching-on.

4) Unscrew the 5 mm Allen-head screws of


the compass housing door and take off
the door from the housing.

5) Disconnect the grounding strap be-


tween door and housing. Place the door
aside. If the door is put next to the hous-
ing, the keypad's ribbon cable may be
left connected to the main PCB.

6) Remove the old flash-memory, IC 35,


from its socket on the main PCB.
7) Insert the new flash-memory into the
socket.
8) Put the door in front of the housing and
connect the grounding strap.
9) Fit the door on the housing and fasten
the retaining screws.

10) Energize the system.


11) Verify that the system powers up correctly (alarms resulting from improper
configuration settings may be safely acknowledged at this point).
12) Re-enter the recorded parameter settings in the Manual Settings, Service
Setup 1, the Technical Pages and the magnetic compass calibration table.
13) If the nav. data printer NAVIPRINT is used, enter the current date and time
in the User Setup.

Page 4-10 4: Preventive Maintenance


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

5 Installation
The NAVIGAT X Mk 1 gyrocompass system comprises a compass housing com-
plete with installed baseplate assembly and main PCB, a gyrosphere container,
a gyrosphere and an installation and replacement parts kit.

The gyrosphere is contained in a carrying box, which is packed in a transport


container. This transport container is completely suitable for transport by air,
sea, rail and road.

The gyrosphere is always to be transported in the original transport container.


Caution Do not throw or drop the transport container.
The transport container is to be transported in an upright position only.

Until installation, the carrying box containing the gyrosphere is to be stored in


its original transport container. Upon installation, the carrying box with the gy-
rosphere is to be removed from the transport container and is to be carried by
hand directly to the place of installation.

Carry the carrying box containing the gyrosphere by hand only and handle it
Caution with extreme care. Remove the gyroshpere from the carrying box only if re-
quired for immediate installation.

5.1 Installing the Compass Housing


The compass housing is to be attached to a level surface, e.g. a floor or console
by means of six M10 bolts or welding studs (to be supplied by the shipyard). At
the location of the compass, proper ventilation must be ensured and sufficient
space provided for the housing to be opened and maintenance work to be car-
ried out.

For the amount of space required, the attachment points and the position of the
cable inlets, refer to dimension drawing 4991-0112-01.

In the horizontal plane, the compass may be installed at any angle with respect
to the vessel‘s longitudinal axis. Alignment error (i.e. the angle between the
compass‘ and the vessel‘s longitudinal axis) is corrected electronically by set-
ting the alignment error correction value in the Service Setup 1.

5: Installation Page 5-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

5.2 Electrical Installation


Each gyrocompass system is supplied with either a general or an installation-
specific connection diagram. The connection diagram provides the information
needed to fit and connect all cables required by the gyrocompass system.

Ship's cables are directly connected to screw-down terminals on the main PCB.

When the compass is energized (24 VDC main and/or backup supply present),
Warning the gyrosphere operating voltage of 100 VAC @ 337 Hz is present on the main
PCB, the gyrosphere supply lines and accross the gyrosphere contacts.
When wiring up the system, make sure the compass' main and backup power
supplies are switched off and safeguarded against accidental switching-on.

Insert the ship's cables through the


inlets at the sides of the compass
housing. Remove the outer cable
covers, draw back the cable shields
and fasten the cables with clamps
or cable bands to the threaded
studs.

To connect the individual wires, re-


move the upper parts of the termi-
nal blocks from their sockets. After
wiring, put the upper parts back into
the sockets and fasten them with
the securing screws.

Keep all wires running inside the housing as short as possible. Avoid to run
wires from one side of the housing to the other. Route wires connecting to TB1
or TB2 through the inlets on the left hand side of the housing and wires con-
necting to TB3 through the inlets on the right hand side.

5.3 Gyrosphere Installation


When the compass housing has been mounted and the system is wired up so
far that supply power is available, works should continue with the installation
of the gyroshpere into the gyrosphere container and the mounting of the as-
sembled container in the compass.

If the system is wired up completely, the installer may alternatively carry out
the initial system configuration before the gyrosphere is installed.

The procedure for installing the gyrosphere is described in Chapter 8.

The gyrosphere may be installed by authorized service personnel only.


Caution

Page 5-2 5: Installation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

5.4 Initial System Configuration


To make the system fully functional, the configuration parameters need to be
set to the required values in the Service Setup 1. Additionally, the applicable
standard operational settings should be entered in the Manual Settings menu.

To configure the system:


1) Check that the wiring has been carried out completely. All devices con-
nected to data or signal in- and outputs should be operative.

When the compass is energized (24 VDC main and/or backup supply present),
Warning the gyrosphere operating voltage of 100 VAC @ 337 Hz is present on the main
PCB, the gyrosphere supply lines and accross the gyrosphere contacts.
When operating the compass while the housing is open, do not touch the main
PCB, the connecting cables to the gyrosphere container or the base contact.

2) Energize the system at the vessel's switch and fuse unit.


A startup message is displayed and the initial selftest is executed.

If the initial system configuration is carried out before the installation of the gy-
Note
rosphere, the system will raise a „gyro failure“ alarm at power-up.
The alarm may be safely acknowledged at this point to continue with the initial
configuration.

3) Go to the Service Setup 1 (code 600).


4) Select the required system type and heading reference selection settings.
5) In dual or triple gyro systems, assign the required compass ID.
6) Select the required data formats for all devices connected to the data in-
puts. In G-type systems, disable the magnetic heading input.
7) Select the required data output formats and the NMEA protocol standard.
8) If required, set the parameters for the analogue rate of turn output and for
the general alarm relay.

Do not change the factory-set shaft correction angle in the Service Setup 1. The
Note
alignment error correction may be set to an approximate value at this point.
The existing alignment error, however, must later be exactly determined and
corrected as described in .

5: Installation Page 5-3


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

To finalize the installation:


1) Select the required speed/latitude modes, North speed error correction,
nav. data printer and rate of turn output settings in the Manual Settings
menu.
2) After configuration, function-check the system with all connected equip-
ment in operation. Use the test mode in the Service Setup 1 to check the
heading output to serial and 6 step/° repeaters and the analogue rate of
turn output. The test mode is functional, even if the gyrosphere is not yet
installed.
3) If not yet installed, the gyrosphere must now be installed and the proper
function of the compass verified.
4) To bring the gyrocompass system into working order, determine the exist-
ing alignment error and apply the error correction as described in 5.4.1.
5) If required, determine the correction values for the magnetic heading and
enter the magnetic compass calibration table as described in 5.4.2.

Page 5-4 5: Installation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

5.4.1 Alignment Error Correction

In order to obtain correct heading data, the existing alignment error (i.e. the an-
gular difference between the compass orientation and the vessel's fore-and-aft
axis) must be determined and the required correction applied. Alignment error
is 0° if the sides of the compass housing run exactly parallel to the vessel‘s lon-
gitudinal axis and the back of the housing points dead ahead. The alignment er-
ror correction is carried out electronically by setting the required correction
value in the Service Setup 1 (code 600).

vessel's fore-and-aft axis

compass orientation

alignment error

To carry out the alignment error correction:

1) Determine the existing alignment error by comparing the compass head-


ing with the vessel's true heading. The true heading must be known to an
accuracy of at least 0.5°.

The compass must have been in continuous operation for at least 4 hours be-
Caution fore the alignment error can be determined accurately.
If bearing repeaters are used to determine the true heading, these must be
properly aligned to the vessel's fore-and-aft axis.

2) In the Service Setup 1 (code 600), select the align error correction sub-
menu.

3) Enter the required correction value.


SERVICE SETUP
ALIGN ERROR CORR.
The correction value equals the alignment
+000.0° error with the sign reversed.

Example:
The vessel's true heading is 123.0°,
the compass displays 123.4°,
the alignment error is therefore 0.4°;
thus, the required correction value is -0.4°.

The correction range is -179.9–180.0°.

After correction of the alignment error, the compass is to display the vessel's
Note
true heading to an accuracy of at least 0.5°.

5: Installation Page 5-5


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

5.4.2 Magnetic Compass Calibration

Ideally, the magnetic heading displayed at the NAVIGAT X Mk 2 would exactly


match the indication of the steering magnetic compass (at a mag. var. of 0.0°).
In practice, deviations will occur between the steering magnetic compass'
heading and the heading data transmitted by an electronic magnetic compass.
The gyrocompass system will automatically correct these deviations if a cali-
bration table has been stored and calibration is activated in the User Setup.

To determine magnetic heading correction values:

The magnetic compass used as the calibration reference must be properly in-
Caution stalled and adjusted.
The calibration procedure should be carried out in calm seas only.

1) Check that calibration is set to „OFF“ in the User Setup / Mag. C. Cal. Table.
2) Check that the magnetic variation is set to 0.0° in the Manual Settings
menu.
3) Select a manual steering mode.
4) Commence a continuous, slow and steady turn. The vessel must turn
through one full circle at least.
5) While the vessel is turning, compare the indication on the steering mag-
netic compass with the magnetic heading values shown on the gyrocom-
pass' display. For every 10° of steering magnetic compass heading (0°, 10°,
... , 350°), note the corresponding display value.

6) Enter the observed dis-


MK2 HEADING play values in the mag-
>F1 GYRO 1 000.4° netic compass calibra-
F2 MAGN.C. 000.8°
DIFF G1/M 5° ü tion table at the back of
this manual.
7) Calculate the required
correction value for
each heading.
The correction value is
Mag. HDG
Mag. Compass
Heading
Display
(uncalibrated)
Correction
Value
the offset which must
0˚ 0.8˚ be applied to a given
10˚ display value in order to
obtain the actual mag-
magn. compass heading netic heading.
– mag. hdg. display value
= correction value Example:
The actual magnetic
heading is 0°.
Mag. Compass
Mag. HDG
Correction
The magnetic heading
Display
Heading
(uncalibrated)
Value
display value is 0,8°.
0˚ 0.8˚ -0.8˚ The required correction
10˚ value is thus -0,8°.

Page 5-6 5: Installation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

To store the calibration table:

Select the Mag. C. Cal. Table menu in the User Setup.

Press keys to go to the calibration table


USER SETUP
MAG.C.CAL. TABLE
entry screen.
ON ý
F1 TO ENTER VALUES

Enter the required heading/correction value pairs:

increase / decrease value at cursor posi-


USER SETUP
MAG.C.CAL.TABLE 00
/ tion
MAG.HEADING ***.*°
CORR. VALUE ***.*° move cursor forward / back
/
Mag. HDG
confirm set value; when both heading and
Mag. Compass Correction
Heading
Display
(uncalibrated)
Value correction values have been confirmed,
0˚ 0.8˚ -0.8˚ the entry is stored in the calibration table
10˚ 10.9˚ -0.9˚
go to next table entry

go to previous table entry

clear entry from the calibration table

The calibration table is stored in the system's permanent memory. If the com-
Note
plete set of table entries is to be altered (e.g. when a new magnetic heading
sensor has been fitted or the steering magnetic compass has been newly ad-
justed), clear the old entries from the table first.

5: Installation Page 5-7


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

Page 5-8 5: Installation


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

6 System Configuration

6.1 Configuration Menu (Service Setup 1)


The Service Setup 1 provides access to the system parameters which need to
be set according to the specific installation. Furthermore, the Service Setup 1
provides a test mode to check the operation of the serial and 6 step/° heading
outputs and the analogue rate of turn output.

6.1.1 Service Setup 1 – Access Code

To prevent inadvertent or unauthorized changes to the system configuration, all


service setup menus are protected by access codes.

From the main menu screen, go to „Setup Menu / Service Setup“:

To access the Service Setup 1, enter code 600.


SERVICE SETUP
ENTER SETUP CODE
000

6: System Configuration Page 6-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

6.1.2 Service-Setup 1 – Overview

SERVICE SETUP 1
F1 INTERFACE I/O INTERFACE I/O interface configuration
F2 ANALOG ROT OUTP.
F3 PROTOCOL TYPE ü MAG.HDG.INP.
NMEA-HDM
NMEA-HCHDT
NMEA-HDG
PLATH-MAGN
NAVIPILOT
COMP.MONITOR
OFF
SPEED INPUT
200 Pulse/NM
NMEA
POS INPUT
NMEA-GLL
NMEA-GGA
SENS.D.M.OUTP.
NMEA-HCHDM
NMEA-HCHDT
NMEA-HCHDG
S/FAST M.OUTP.
NMEA-HCHDM
NMEA-HCHDT
MAGN. VARIATION
NMEA-HDG
NMEA-RMA
NMEA-RMC
NMEA SUPERFAST
4800 BAUD
9600 BAUD
19200 BAUD
38400 BAUD
NMEA-HCHDT
PLATH
TxD NMEA FAST
NMEA
HCHDT
HDT/ROT
PLATH
SENS.DATA 2
SENS.DATA
NAVIPRINT

contd. on next page

Page 6-2 6: System Configuration


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

contd. from previous page

SERVICE SETUP 1
F1 INTERFACE I/O
F2 ANALOG ROT OUTP. ANALOG ROT OUTP. settings analog ROT output
F3 PROTOCOL TYPE ü
sc. factor: 0.1 – 999.9 mV/˚/min
zero offset: -999 – +999 mV

cb PROTOCOL TYPE NMEA output protocol standard


IEC 61162-1
NMEA 0183

SERVICE SETUP 1 û
F1 SYSTEM TYPE SYSTEM TYPE system type / hdg. reference selection
F2 ALIGN ERR.CORR.
F3 SHAFT COR.ANGLEü SYSTEM
G
GM

cb HDG. SEL
CDU 1
COMP.MON
AUTOPILOT
EXT.SEL.

ALIGN ERR. CORR. alignment error correction


corr. value: -179.9 – +180 ˚

SHAFT COR. ANGLE shaft encoder correction angle


corr. value: -179.9 – +180 ˚

contd. on next page

6: System Configuration Page 6-3


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

contd. from previous page

SERVICE SETUP 1 û
F1 GEN. ALARM SETUP GEN. ALARM SETUP conditions for actuation
F2 NAME OF GYRO of general alarm relay
F3 TEST MODE ON ALL ALARMS
ON FATAL ALARMS

NAME OF GYRO gyro ID setting


ID-No. 1
ID-No. 2
ID-No. 3

TEST MODE indicator/repeater test mode


rate of turn: -999 – +999˚/min
CHANGE SETTINGS
time const.: 0.0 – 99.9 s
sc. factor: 0.1 – 999.9 mV/˚/min
zero offset: -999 – +999 mV
heading value: 0.0 – 359.9˚

Page 6-4 6: System Configuration


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

6.1.3 Service Setup 1 – Parameters

6.1.3.1 Interface I/O

Mag. Hdg. Inp.

Function: Selects the data protocol for the magnetic heading input.

Settings: NMEA-HDM
Magnetic heading is read from the NMEA $--HDM sentence.

NMEA-HCHDT
Magnetic heading is read from the NMEA $HCHDT sentence

NMEA-HDG
Magnetic heading is read from the NMEA $--HDG sentence

PLATH-MAGN
Magnetic heading is read from a magnetic heading message in the
PLATH binary format

NAVIPILOT
Magnetic heading is read from the binary repeater data message
received from a NAVIPILOT heading control system

COMP. MONITOR
Magnetic heading is read from the data received at the Compass
Monitor input

OFF
The magnetic heading input is disabled

Speed Input

Function: Selects the speed data input

Settings: 200 Pulse/NM


Speed is received as a 200 Pulse/NM signal at the 200 Pulse/NM
input

NMEA
Speed is read from the NMEA speed protocol(s) received at the
NMEA speed input

If NMEA speed input is used and more than one valid type of speed sentence is
Note
received, the input is evaluated in the following order: VBW ground speed,
VBW water speed, VHW, VTG.
If speed is received using the VBW sentence, only the longitudinal speed com-
ponent is evaluated for automatic North speed error correction.

6: System Configuration Page 6-5


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

Pos. Input

Function: Selects the position data input protocol

Settings: NMEA-GLL
Position is read from the NMEA $--GLL sentence

NMEA-GGA
Speed is read from the NMEA $--GGA sentence

Sens. D.M. Outp.

Function: Selects the NMEA output sentence for magnetic heading data at the
Sens Data output

Settings: NMEA-HCHDM
Magnetic heading is transmitted using the NMEA $HCHDM sen-
tence. The transmitted value is the magnetic heading as displayed
on the NAVIGAT X Mk 2 display, i.e. with all corrections applied
according to calibration and magnetic variation settings.

NMEA-HCHDT
Magnetic heading is sent using the NMEA $HCHDTsentence. The
transmitted value is the magnetic heading as displayed on the NAV-
IGAT X Mk 2 display, i.e. with all corrections applied according to
calibration and magnetic variation settings.

NMEA-HCHDG
Magnetic heading is sent using the NMEA $HCHDG sentence. The
sentence includes the raw magnetic sensor heading and values for
deviation and variation.
If the magnetic heading input is configured to read the $--HDG sen-
tence and a deviation value is received, this value is copied to the
output sentence. Otherwise, the deviation value is the correction
applied according to the calibration table.
If the magnetic heading input is configured to read the $--HDG sen-
tence and a variation value is received, this value is copied to the
output sentence. Otherwise, the variation value is the variation as
set in the Manual Settings menu.

Page 6-6 6: System Configuration


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

S/Fast M. Outp.

Function: Selects the NMEA output sentence for magnetic heading data at the
Superfast and Fast Outputs

Settings: NMEA-HCHDM
Magnetic heading is transmitted using the NMEA $HCHDM sen-
tence. The transmitted value is the magnetic heading as displayed
on the NAVIGAT X Mk 2 display, i.e. with all corrections applied
according to calibration and magnetic variation settings.

NMEA-HCHDT
Magnetic heading is sent using the NMEA $HCHDTsentence. The
transmitted value is the magnetic heading as displayed on the NAV-
IGAT X Mk 2 display, i.e. with all corrections applied according to
calibration and magnetic variation settings.

Magn. Variation

Function: Selects the NMEA sentence for automatic input of the magnetic
variation

Settings: NMEA-HDG
Magnetic Variation is read from the NMEA $--HDG sentence at the
magnetic heading input.

NMEA-RMA
Magnetic Variation is read from the NMEA $--RMA sentence at the
position input.

NMEA-RMC
Magnetic Variation is read from the NMEA $--RMC sentence at the
position input.

6: System Configuration Page 6-7


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

NMEA Superfast

Function: Selects the data protocol at the Superfast output

Settings: 4800 BAUD


The output transmits NMEA data at 4800 Baud

9600 BAUD
The output transmits NMEA data at 9600 Baud

19200 BAUD
The output transmits NMEA data at 19200 Baud

38400 BAUD
The output transmits NMEA data at 38400 Baud

NMEA-HCHDT
The output transmits magnetic heading only, using the NMEA
$HCHDT sentence at 4800 Baud

PLATH
The output transmits PLATH data at 9600 Baud

TxD NMEA Fast

Function: Selects the data protocol at the Fast output

Settings: NMEA
The output transmits NMEA data at 4800 Baud

HCHDT
The output transmits magnetic heading only, using the NMEA
$HCHDT sentence at 4800 Baud

HDT/ROT
The output transmits heading and rate of turn data only, using the
NMEA $HEHDT and $HEROT sentences at 4800 Baud

PLATH
The output transmits PLATH data at 9600 Baud

Sens Data 2

Function: Selects the function of the Sens Data 2 output

Settings: SENS.DATA
The output mirrors the Sens Data 1 output

NAVIPRINT
The output provides data for a NAVIPRINT nav. data printer

Page 6-8 6: System Configuration


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

6.1.3.2 Analog ROT Outp.

Sc. Factor

Function: Sets the scale factor for the analogue Rate of Turn output

Setting: 0.1 – 999.9 mV/°

Zero Offset

Function: Sets the zero-point offset for the analogue Rate of Turn output

Settings: -999 – +999 mV

6.1.3.3 Protocol Type

Function: Selects the conformance level for NMEA outputs

Settings: IEC 61162-1


NMEA outputs conform strictly to IEC 61162-1. Proprietary output
sentences start with $PPLA...

NMEA 0183
NMEA outputs use the older form of the proprietary nav. status
data sentence, $PPNSD.

6.1.3.4 System Type

System

Function: Sets the system type

Settings: G
Standalone Gyro or Backup Gyro in systems without magnetic
heading input

G/M
Standalone Gyro or Backup Gyro in systems with magnetic heading
input

6: System Configuration Page 6-9


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

Hdg. Sel.

Function: Sets the heading reference selector

Settings: CDU 1
The heading reference is selected using the gyro’s control and dis-
play unit

COMP. MON
The heading reference is selected from a NAVITWIN III compass
monitor

AUTOPILOT
The heading reference is selected from a NAVIPILOT heading con-
trol system

EXT.SEL.
The heading reference is selected using an external selector switch

6.1.3.5 Align Err. Corr.

Function: Sets the alignment error correction value

Range: -179.9 – +180.0 °

6.1.3.6 Shaft Cor. Angle

Function: Sets the shaft encoder correction value

Range: -179.9 – +180.0 °

6.1.3.7 Gen. Alarm Setup

Function: Sets the conditions for actuation of the alarm relay

Settings: ON ALL ALARMS


The relay is actuated on any alarm condition.

ON FATAL ALARMS
The relay is actuated on fatal alarm conditions only. A fatal alarm
exists when the gyrocompass can no longer provide its own head-
ing data. Loss of external data and the heading difference alarm are
non-fatal alarm conditions.

Page 6-10 6: System Configuration


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

6.1.3.8 Name Of Gyro

Function: Selects the Gyrocompass ID

Settings: ID-No. 1
The compass ID is „1“. Standalone gyro or main gyro in a dual or tri-
ple gyro system.

ID-No. 2
The compass ID is „2“. Second gyro in a dual or triple gyro system.

ID-No. 3:
The compass ID is „3“. Third gyro in a triple gyro system.

6.1.3.9 Test Mode

Rate of Turn

Function: Sets the rate of turn value and turn direction for the test mode

Range: -999 – +999 °/min

Change Settings

Function: Accesses the analogue ROT output settings

Ranges: time const.: 0.0 – 99.9 s


sc. factor: 0.1 – 999.9 mV/°/min
zero offset: -999 – +999 °/min

The „Change Settings“ sub-menu provides quick access to the analogue ROT
Note
output settings from the test mode. Changes made during the test mode di-
rectly affect the time constant setting in the Manual Settings menu and the
scale factor and zero offset values in the Service Setup 1 / Analog ROT Outp.
menu respectively.

Heading Value

Function: Sets the target heading value for the test mode

Range: -0.0 – +359.9 °

6: System Configuration Page 6-11


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

6.2 Factory Settings Menu (Technical Pages)


The Technical Pages provide access to a number of factory-set parameters
which need not normally be altered. However, should the system software need
to be exchanged, these settings will be lost and must be re-entered manually.

6.2.1 Technical Pages – Access Code

To prevent inadvertent or unauthorized changes to the system configuration, all


service setup menus are protected by access codes.

From the main menu screen, go to „Setup Menu / Service Setup“:

To access the Technical Pages, enter code 140.


SERVICE SETUP
ENTER SETUP CODE
000

6.2.2 Technical Pages – Overview

TECHNICAL PAGES
F1 SOFTWARE VERSION SOFTWARE VERSION software version info
F2 UPDATE SOFTWARE
F3 CORRECTION VAL. HARDWARE: main PCB revision
SW. VER: software creation date
MASTERBOARD: system software version
DISPLAY BOARD: ext. display software version

UPDATE SOFTWARE in-circuit software update


update software via service interface
(factory use only, not for field service)

CORRECTION VAL. corr. values for temperature


and gyro current
corr. value temp..: -99 – +99 ˚C
gyro current gain: 0.000 – 9.999

Page 6-12 6: System Configuration


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

6.2.3 Technical Pages – Parameters

6.2.3.1 Software Version

Function: Displays detailed hard- and software version information

Displays: Hardware
The revision code of the main PCB.

SW Ver.
The creation date of the system software.

Masterboard
The version code of the system software.

Display Board
The version code of an external Control and Display unit, if present.
If no external unit is connected, dashes are shown.

6.2.3.2 Update Software

Initiates a software update via the service interface. This feature is for factory
use only. Field service is required to exchange the software flash-memory to
update the system software.

6.2.3.3 Correction Val.

Function: Sets the correction values for the on-board temperature and gyro-
sphere current measurement

Settings: Corr. Val. Temp.


Temperature correction value. Adjusts the measured value to show
the gyrosphere ambient temperature.
Correction range is -99.9 – +99.9 °C.

Gyro Current Gain


Gain factor for the gyrosphere current. Adjusts the measured value
to show the current flowing through the gyrosphere.
Correction range is 0.000 – 9.999, where a setting of 1.000 equals
unity gain, i.e. no correction.

The correction values are set in the factory. These must not normally be altered.
Note
However, when the system software is exchanged, the values will be lost and
must be re-entered manually.
The correction values are specific to the respective main PCB.

6: System Configuration Page 6-13


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

Page 6-14 6: System Configuration


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

7 Troubleshooting / Corrective Maintenance

7.1 Troubleshooting Instructions


The NAVIGAT X Mk 2 is a complex electronic system. In case of malfunction, it
would neither be practical nor economical to carry out troubleshooting and
servicing in the field down to the level of individual components.

Unless otherwise instructed by Sperry Marine engineering, field service per-


sonnel should limit troubleshooting to:

– Visual inspection of mechanical components, the main PCB and wiring.


– Continuity checks of wiring connections.
– Checks for overload conditions or reversed polarities. These conditions are
indicated by red LEDs on the main PCB.
– Checking for on-board voltages and I/O signals. The presence of voltages
and signals is indicated by green LEDs on the main PCB.
Exact voltage levels must be checked with a voltmeter. The data content on
serial I/O lines must be checked with the aid of suitable analyzing tools.
When components on the main PCB, other than socketed ICs, are assumed to
be the cause for malfunction, the complete PCB assembly, stock no. 20130, is to
be exchanged.

When components on the baseplate assembly are assumed to be the cause for
malfunction, the complete baseplate assembly, stock no. 22407, is to be ex-
changed.

7.2 Parts Location on Main PCB


7.2.1 Diagnostic LED indicators

Fig. 7–1:
location of diagnostic
LED indicators

7: Troubleshooting / Corrective Maintenance Page 7-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

LED Colour Indication


CR 1 green 24VDC backup supply power present
CR 2 red 24VDC backup supply polarity reversed - swap lines
CR 3 green 24VDC main supply power present
CR 4 red 24VDC backup supply polarity reversed - swap lines
CR 7 red alarm LED - alarm condition present (when LED jumpered
instead of buzzer)
CR 8 red overload 24VDC out to fan - check fan
CR 9 green +12VDC on-board supply present
CR 10 green +5VDC (Vcc) on-board supply present
CR 16 green follow-up step motor phase 2 active
CR 17
CR 18 green follow-up step motor phase 1 active
CR 19
CR 21 red overload 12VDC out to ext. control and display unit
CR 22 red overload 12VDC out to fluxgate sensor
CR 23 red overload 24VDC out to 6-step/° repeater
CR 34 green 6-step/° repeater phase active
CR 35 green 6-step/° repeater phase active
CR 38 green 24VDC follow-up motor supply present
CR 43 green 6-step/° repeater phase active
CR 49 green activity on Rx line, Compass Monitor
CR 50 green activity on Rx line, NMEA fluxgate input
CR 52 green -12VDC on-board supply present
CR 53 green activity on Rx line, position input
CR 54 green activity on Rx line, speed input
CR 57 green status input closed, Auto/Man
CR 58 green status input closed, G/M
CR 64 green activity on Tx line, Compass Monitor
CR 66 green status input closed, Mute
CR 67 green status input closed, 200 Pulse/nm
CR 69 red overload 24VDC out to repeater 4
CR 71 green activity on Tx line, ext. Control and Display Unit
CR 73 red overload 24VDC out to repeater 2
CR 74 red overload 24VDC out to repeater 1
CR 77 green activity on Tx line, AD10 clock
CR 78 green activity on Tx line, AD10 data
CR 80 green activity on Tx line, repeaters 1-4
CR 81 red overload 24VDC out to repeater 3
CR 83 green activity on Tx line, SuperFast
CR 84 green relay attracted, K1 (heading diff. alarm)
CR 88 green activity on Tx line, Fast
CR 89 green activity on Tx line, Sens. Data 2 / NAVIPRINT
CR 90 green relay attracted, K2 (pwr. failure / general alarm)
CR 93 green activity on Tx line, Sens. Data 1

Page 7-2 7: Troubleshooting / Corrective Maintenance


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

7.2.2 Connectors, Socketed ICs, Test Resistor, Potentiometers

Fig. 7–2:
location of connectors,
socketed ICs ,
test resistor and adjusta-
ble potentiometers

TB/J to/from
TB 1 24VDC main and backup supply power
TB 2 serial repeaters 1-4 (supply power and data outputs),
relay status outputs (hdg. diff., pwr. fail.),
status inputs (Auto/Man, G/M, Mute),
200 pulse/nm speed input,
analogue ROT output
TB 3 RS-422 serial data outputs,
serial data inputs,
6 step/° output
TB 4 follow-up step motor
J1 shaft encoder
J2 ventilation fan
J3 gyrosphere power supply and phase bridge contacts
J4 keypad ribbon connector
J5 RS-232 service port (factory use only)
J7 internal jumper alarm buzzer/LED (must be jumpered for buzzer)

7: Troubleshooting / Corrective Maintenance Page 7-3


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

IC Function Stock No.


IC 6 UART 046537-0000-000
IC 12 follow-up motor phase 2 driver IC 045871-0000-000
IC 13 follow-up motor phase 1 driver IC 045871-0000-000
IC 21 UART 046537-0000-000
IC 29 quad RS-422 output driver IC; 046485-0000-000
drives AD10 data/clock, Comp. Monitor,
Ext. Display Unit
IC 35 software flash-memory IC, 020669-0000-000
pre-programmed
IC 37 quad RS-422 output driver IC; 046485-0000-000
drives Sens Data 1/2, FAST, SUPERFAST

R Function
R 54 gyrosphere current test resistor, 1Ω;
voltage accross R 54 in mV equals gyrosphere current in mA;
current should not exceed 500 mA at power-up and must drop below
300 mA within 45 minutes after power-up
R9 gyroshpere voltage adjustment
(factory-set, normally no adjustment required in the field)
nominal gyrosphere voltage is 100 VAC @ 337 Hz.
R 167 display contrast adjustment
(factory-set, normally no adjustment required in the field)

Page 7-4 7: Troubleshooting / Corrective Maintenance


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

8 Gyroshpere Installation and Service

8.1 Safety Notes


Installation and servicing of the gyrosphere include the handling of mercury.
The mercury together with insulating fluid is contained in a glass phial en-
closed in a protective capsule (Sperry stock no. 36026).

If handled according to the instructions given below, at no point during gyro-


sphere installation or service will the mercury come into contact with the open
air. A potential risk of health injury or environmental pollution through evapora-
tion or spillage of mercury can therefore arise only from improper handling.

Spilt mercury will evaporate and give off poisonous fumes.


Warning
Hg Collect spilt mercury with the syringe provided in the installation and replace-
ment parts kit and seal it in the phial for the mercury and insulating fluid.

After installation of the gyrosphere, store the phial in the protective capsule in
the installation and replacement parts kit.

After removal of the gyrosphere or the exchange of mercury and insulating


fluid, seal the used mercury and insulating fluid in the phial and return it to
Sperry Marine for recycling.

8.1.1 Material Specification, Risk and Safety Information

The following specifications, risk and safety information apply to the mercury
and insulating fluid as provided under Sperry stock no. 36026:

Mercury, 0.14 ml; CAS-No. 7439-97-6; UN-No. 2809 T

R23:Toxic by inhalation.
R33:Danger of cumulative effects.
R50/53: Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term ad-
N
verse effects in the aquatic environment.
S7: Keep container tightly closed.
S 45: In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice im-
mediately (show the label whenever possible.)
S 60: This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61: Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions / safety
data sheets.

Insulating Fluid: C14F24-Fluid, 1.4 ml; CAS-No. 86508-42-1


R1054: If the product is exposed to extreme condition of heat from misuse or
equipment failure, toxic decomposition products that include hydrogen fluoride
and perfluoroiso-butylene can occur.
S 51: Use only in well ventilated areas.

In certain countries, stock no. 36026 cannot be imported due to legal restric-
Note
tions. In these cases, the local service stations will provide their service person-
nel with ready-to-use phials with mercury and insulating fluid.

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

8.2 Gyrosphere Handling and Storage Instructions


The gyrosphere is contained in a carrying box, which itself is packed in a trans-
port container. The transport container is suitable for transport by air, sea, rail
and road.

Transport the gyrosphere in the original transport container only.


Caution Do not throw or drop the transport container.
Transport the container in an upright position only.

Upon installation, remove the gyrosphere from the transport container in its
carrying box and carry it by hand directly to the place of installation.

Carry the carrying box containing the gyrosphere by hand only and handle it
Caution with extreme care. Remove the gyroshpere from the carrying box only if re-
quired for immediate installation.

Always store the carrying box with the gyrosphere in the original transport con-
tainer.

The storage temperature is to be between -25 °C and +70 °C. The humidity in
the storage room is to be between 60% and 90%.

Gyrospheres stored longer than 12 months before being taken into operation
are to be tested by an authorized service station prior to installation.

Page 8-2 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

8.3 Installation of the Gyrosphere


8.3.1 Installing the Gyrosphere in the Gyrosphere Container

At the place of installation, a clean and level work surface must be available.

Parts and tools required


– the installation and replacement parts kit, stock no. 074696
– a 4 mm Allen key
– a lint-free cloth for cleaning purposes

Procedure

1) Remove the gyrosphere container from


its transport box and place it on the work
surface.

2) Disconnect the connector from the


centering pin, unscrew the pin and place
it aside (do not yet remove the protective
cap from the pin).

3) Disconnect the plug connector from the


base contact.

4) Unscrew the 4mm Allen-head screws at-


taching the two halves of the gyro-
sphere container.
5) Put the screws and washers aside, mak-
ing sure they won't be lost or fall to the
ground.

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-3


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

6) Take off the upper section of the gyro-


sphere container and place it upside
down on the work surface.

Take care not to damage the contact pins.


Caution

7) Take the plastic bowl from the replacement parts kit and place it on the
work surface, next to the lower section of the gyrosphere container.
8) Open the gyrosphere carrying box and take off the top foam rubber pad.

9) Placing a thumb in the recess, lift the gy-


rosphere out of the box and place it up-
right on the plastic bowl. A label carrying
the gyrosphere serial number will be
found in the recess of the sphere. An-
other label with the wheelmark logo will
be found inside the plastic bag in the
transport box. Put the labels aside, these
are later to be affixed to the outside of
the gyrosphere container.

10) Take the protective capsule containing


the phial with mercury and insulating
fluid from the installation and replace-
ment parts kit. Take the phial out of the
capsule.

Page 8-4 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

11) Open the phial and gently pour its entire


contents into the recess of the gyro-
sphere.

12) The mercury is to form a single drop at


the bottom of the recess. If separate
droplets of mercury have formed, take
the syringe and cannula from the instal-
lation kit and gather the mercury in a sin-
gle drop by gently pressing on it with the
tip of the cannula.
13) Close the empty phial and put it back in
the capsule. Store the capsule in the in-
stallation kit. It will be needed to take up
used mercury and insulating fluid dur-
ing the next gyrosphere service.

14) With the aid of the funnel from the instal-


lation and service parts kit, carefully fill
up the recess of the gyrosphere with
supporting fluid.
15) Rinse the outside of the gyrosphere with
supporting fluid.
16) Rinse the inside of the lower section of
the gyrosphere container with support-
ing fluid.

17) Check that the drain plug is seated


firmly. Pour some supporting fluid into
the gyrosphere container until the base
contact is completely covered by the
fluid.
18) Check that the o-ring is seated correctly
in its groove in the lower section of the
gyrosphere container.

19) Carefully take the gyrosphere from the


plastic bowl and place it into the lower
section of the container.
20) Rinse the inside of the upper section of
the gyrosphere container with support-
ing fluid.

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-5


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

21) Carefully fit the upper section of the gy-


rosphere container to the lower section.
An index tongue in the upper section en-
gages into a corresponding groove in the
lower section.
22) Insert the 4 mm Allen-head screws and
washers in their threads.

23) Tighten the screws in a series of diago-


nal opposites.

24) Insert the funnel into the hole for the


centering pin. Remove plug from the
ventilation hole in the container top. Fill
up the container with supporting fluid
until the fluid level reaches the under-
side of the translucent container top.
25) Take off the protective cap from the
centering pin and rinse the pin thor-
oughly with supporting fluid.

26) Screw in the centering pin and tighten it


firmly by hand. Wipe off any excess fluid
from and around the pin.

27) Draw up some supporting fluid with the


syringe and inject it into the ventilation
hole. Repeat until all remaining air has
exited from the container. Gently tilt the
container, if necessary. Very lightly tap
on the outside of the container to re-
move any air bubbles that may cling to
the inside surfaces.

Page 8-6 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

28) Close the ventilation hole with the plug.


29) Carefully dry the outside of the gyro-
sphere container with a lint-free cloth.

30) Connect the power cable to the centering


pin.
31) Affix the provided labels with the gyro-
sphere's serial number and the wheel-
mark logo to the outside of the gyro-
sphere container.

32) Insert the base contact plug through the


cutout in the lower section of the con-
tainer. Connect the plug to the base con-
tact.
33) The gyrosphere container is now ready
to be installed in the compass housing.

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-7


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

8.3.2 Installing the gyrosphere container in the compass housing

Parts required
– a 5mm Allen key
– a No. 2 Philips-head screwdriver

Procedure
1) Make sure the compass' main and backup power supplies are switched off
and safeguarded against accidental switching-on.

2) Unscrew the 5 mm Allen-head screws of


the compass housing door and take off
the door from the housing

3) Disconnect the grounding strap be-


tween door and housing. Place the door
aside. If the door is put next to the hous-
ing, the keypad's ribbon cable can be left
connected to the main PCB.
4) Gently turn the bellows, until the largest
of the three coupling seats in the bayo-
net collar points towards the front of the
housing. the seat is marked by a green
dot on the collar.

5) Place the gyrosphere container into the


compass housing with the largest of the
three coupling tongues located directly
below the groove in the collar. The
tongue is marked by a green dot on the
container

6) Put both hands around the container and


lift it into the collar, so that the coupling
tongues slide into the corresponding
grooves in the bayonet.
7) While supporting the container with both
palms, put the thumbs on the rim of the
collar and turn the collar to the right

Page 8-8 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

8) Gently lower the container. The cou-


pling tongues engage into their seats in
the bayonet and the container is locked
in place by gravity.

9) Plug the gyrosphere supply and phase


bridge connector into its socket on the
gyrosphere container.
10) Check that the gyrosphere container can
be freely and smoothly turned around
the vertical axis.

11) Put the door in front of the housing, so


that the keypad can be operated. If the
pad has been disconnected during gyro-
sphere installation, reconnect the ribbon
cable to connector J 4 on the main PCB.

12) The compass is now ready to be put into operation for the power-up func-
tion test. To observe the correct working of the follow-up circuit, the hous-
ing may be left open during the run-up phase.

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-9


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

8.3.3 Power-up Function Test

To verify the correct operation of the compass, the power-up sequence and the
settling of the compass is observed. The gyrosphere current is periodically
checked during the first 45 minutes of operation and the final heading output is
checked after the compass has settled.

When the compass is energized (24 VDC main and/or backup supply present),
Warning the gyrosphere operating voltage of 100 VAC @ 337 Hz is present on the main
PCB, the gyrosphere supply lines and accross the gyrosphere contacts.
When operating the compass while the housing is open, do not touch the main
PCB, the connecting cables to the gyrosphere container or the base contact.

Procedure
1) Power up the gyrocompass system:

Energize the system at the vessel's switch and fuse


SPERRY MARINE
unit.
NAVIGAT X MK 2 A startup message is displayed and the initial selft-
est is executed.

The heading display screen is shown, which dis-


MK2 HEADING
>F1 GYRO 1 271.2°
plays the heading data from the available com-
F2 MAGN.C. 270.9° passes and the heading difference alarm
DIFF G1/M 5° ü threshold.
The system is now operational.

If the basic configuration has not been carried out yet, alarms will be given at
Note
this point. Any alarm relating to missing input data may be safely acknowl-
edged to continue with the run-up function test.

Should a „GYRO FAILURE“ alarm be given at power-up, the compass is not


Caution working properly.
De-energize the system and visually check the connections to the gyrosphere,
the follow-up step motor and the shaft encoder.
If the failure reoccurs when the compass is powered-up again, the installation
has not been carried out correctly or the gyrosphere is defective.

2) Observe the run-up behaviour the gyrosphere:


a) The gyro motors will create a spinning noise which slowly but con-
stantly rises in pitch until the motors reach their final speed of rotation.
b) The gyrosphere will commence a slow oscillatory motion around the
vertical which can be observed through the transparent container. The
amplitude and speed of this motion will gradually decrease while the
sphere settles to its final heading.
c) The follow-up system will turn the container quickly around the sphere
until locking onto a fixed position relative to the gyrosphere. From then

Page 8-10 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

on, the container will follow the motion of the gyrosphere. Locking may
be lost several times during the early settling phase, but as soon as the
gyrosphere current reaches the normal operational level, the container
must remain locked to the gyrosphere.
3) In the Service Setup 2 (code 610), select the gyrosphere data sub-menu to
observe the gyrosphere current:

Directly after power-up, the gyrosphere current


GYROSHPERE DATA
TEMPERATURE 42 °C
should not exceed 550 mA. The current will gradu-
PH BRIDGE 10 mV ally fall while the gyrosphere settles.
GYRO CURR 432 mA

Within 45 minutes after power-up, the gyrosphere


GYROSHPERE DATA
TEMPERATURE 42 °C
current must have dropped to a value below 300
PH BRIDGE 10 mV mA.
GYRO CURR 234 mA

If 45 minutes after power-up, a gyrosphere current above 300 mA is dis-


played in the gyrosphere data sub-menu, the value should be confirmed
by measuring directly at the test resistor R 54 (1Ω) on the main PCB.

The AC-voltage present accross test resistor R 54 in mV equals the gyro-


sphere current in mA.

If 45 minutes after power-up, the gyrosphere current has not dropped below
Caution 300 mA, the gyrosphere is not working properly.
If visual inspection reveals no obvious cause of malfunction, the gyrosphere is
to be regarded defective and must be replaced.

4) After a settling time of at least 4 hours, verify that the compass has settled
to the correct heading:
a) In case of an initial installation, check that the heading shows the correct
value approximately, taking into account the existing misalignment of
the compass. Then, carry out the alignment error correction procedure.
After the alignment error correction has been carried out, the compass is
to display the vessel's true heading to an accuracy of ±0.5°.
b) In case of an exchange of the gyrosphere or the mercury and fluids only,
the displayed heading should be accurate within ±1.0°. If necessary, ad-
just the stored alignment error correction value so that the compass dis-
plays the vessel's true heading to an accuracy of ±0.5°.
5) In case of an 18-month or five-year maintenance, or if the gyrosphere has
been replaced, a special service setup menu must now be called up to re-
set the gyrosphere operation time counter.
The access code for this setup menu is disclosed to authorized service per-
sonnel only.
6) If the nav. data printer NAVIPRINT is used, enter the current date and time
in the User Setup.

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-11


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

8.4 Gyrosphere Maintenance Procedures


8.4.1 Removing the gyrosphere container from the compass housing

Parts required
– a 5mm Allen key
– a No. 2 Philips-head screwdriver

Procedure
1) Make sure the compass' main and backup power supplies are switched off
and safeguarded against accidental switching-on.

2) Unscrew the 5 mm Allen-head screws of


the compass housing door and take off
the door from the housing

3) Disconnect the grounding strap be-


tween door and housing. Place the door
aside. If the door is put next to the hous-
ing, the keypad's ribbon cable may be
left connected to the main PCB.

4) Unplug the gyrosphere supply and


phase bridge connector from its socket
on the gyrosphere container.

5) Gently turn the bellows, until the largest


of the three coupling seats in the bayo-
net collar points towards the front of the
housing. the seat is marked by a green
dot on the collar.

Page 8-12 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

6) Put both hands around the container and


lift it up, so that the coupling tongues
disengage from their seats in the bayo-
net.
7) While supporting the container with both
palms, put the thumbs on the rim of the
collar and turn the collar to the left.

8) Gently lower the container. The cou-


pling tongues slide down in the grooves
of the bayonet and the container is re-
leased from the collar.

9) Carefully take the container out of the housing and carry it to the storage
or work place.
10) Put the door in front of the housing and connect the grounding strap.
11) Fit the door back on the housing and tighten the retaining screws.

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-13


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

8.4.2 Removing the gyrosphere from the gyrosphere container

After power-down, wait at least 45 minutes for the gyroscopes to stop rotating
Caution before opening the gyrosphere container.

Parts and tools required


– the installation and replacement parts kit, stock no. 074696, which was
used during installation of the gyrosphere
– a 4 mm Allen key
– a lint-free cloth for cleaning purposes
– soapy water or a washing solution containing a mild detergent

Do not use acetone or similar solvents.


Caution

Procedure
1) Place the container on the work surface.
2) Take the plastic bowl from the installation and replacement parts kit and
place it under the drain plug of the gyrosphere container.

3) Remove the plug from the ventilation


hole in the top of the container.
4) Unplug the drain plug and let the sup-
porting fluid run into the bowl.
5) Dispose of the used supporting fluid.

The supporting fluid is not poisonous and is not harmful to the environment.
Note
Used fluid may simply be poured overboard or down a drain.

6) Disconnect the power cable from the


centering pin.
7) Unscrew the centering pin and remove it
from the gyrosphere container.
8) Wash and dry the centering pin. Put the
protective cap on the tip of the pin.
9) Plug the drain and ventilation plugs back
into the container.

Page 8-14 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

10) Unscrew the 4mm Allen-head screws at-


taching the two halves of the gyroshere
container.
11) Put the screws and washers aside, mak-
ing sure they won't be lost or fall to the
ground.

12) Take off the upper section of the gyro-


sphere container and place it upside
down on the work surface.

Take care not to damage the contact pins.


Caution

13) Take the protective capsule containing the empty phial of mercury and in-
sulating fluid from the installation and replacement parts kit. Remove the
phial from the capsule and open it.

14) Assemble the syringe and cannula. In-


sert the syringe into the recess of the gy-
rosphere. Draw up the mercury and insu-
lating fluid completely.

Spilt mercury will evaporate and give off poisonous fumes.


Warning
Hg Collect spilt mercury with the syringe provided in the installation and replace-
ment parts kit and seal it in the phial for the mercury and insulating fluid.

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-15


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

15) Inject the mercury and insulating fluid


into the empty phial. Make sure no
traces of mercury remain in the syringe.

16) Carefully lift the gyrosphere out of the


container and pour the remaining sup-
porting fluid from the recess into the
plastic bowl.
17) Place the gyrosphere back into the lower
section of the gyrosphere container.
18) If there is are any mercury left in the
plastic bowl, collect it with the syringe
and inject it into the phial.

19) Close and seal the phial and put it back


into the protective capsule.
20) Dispose of the supporting fluid from the
plastic bowl.

Used mercury and insulating fluid may not be reused.


Caution When re-installing or replacing a gyrosphere, always use fresh mercury and in-
sulating fluid. Return the capsule with used mercury and insulating fluid to
Sperry Marine for recycling.

21) Carefully lift the gyrosphere out of the


gyrosphere container and place it onto
the plastic bowl.
22) Dispose of the remaining supporting
fluid from the lower section of the gyro-
sphere container.

Page 8-16 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

23) Thoroughly wash and dry both sections


of the gyrosphere container. Take the
steel wool pad from the installation and
replacement parts kit and thoroughly
clean the bottom contact in the lower
section of the container.
24) Re-assemble the gyrosphere container.

If the gyrosphere is to be re-installed (18-month maintenance), proceed with the


steps for preparing the sphere for re-installation (see 8.4.3).

If the gyrosphere is to be taken out of operation (five-year maintenance or ex-


change of defective sphere), proceed with the steps for preparing the gyro-
sphere for transport (see 8.4.4).

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-17


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

8.4.3 Preparing the gyrosphere for re-installation

Parts and tools required


– the installation and replacement parts kit, stock no. 074696, which was
used during installation of the gyrosphere
– fresh mercury and insulating fluid in protective capsule, stock no. 36026
– 1 l of fresh supporting fluid, from stock no. 49050 (1 l) or 35427 (10 l)
– a lint-free cloth for cleaning purposes
– soapy water or a washing solution containing a mild detergent

Used mercury and insulating fluid may not be reused.


Caution When re-installing a gyrosphere, always use fresh mercury and insulating fluid.
Return the capsule with used mercury and insulating fluid to Sperry Marine for
recycling.

Procedure
1) Carefully wash the gyrosphere with soapy water or a washing solution
containing a mild detergent.

2) Take the stainless steel wool pad from


the installation and replacement parts kit
and thoroughly clean the bottom and
equator contacts.

3) Thorougly dry off the gyrosphere with a


lint-free cloth. Dip with the cloth down
into the recess to make sure that the bot-
tom of the recess is absolutely clean and
dry.

4) Place the gyrosphere onto the plastic


bowl from the installation parts kit.
5) Proceed with the installation of the gyro-
sphere into the gyrosphere container, as
described under 8.3.1, from step 10 on-
wards.

Page 8-18 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

8.4.4 Exchanging the gyrosphere

Parts and tools required


– an exchange gyrosphere, stock no. 74571
– the installation and replacement parts kit, stock no. 074696, which was
used during installation of the gyrosphere
– fresh mercury and insulating fluid in protective capsule, stock no. 36026
– 1 l of fresh supporting fluid, from stock no. 49050 (1 l) or 35427 (10 l)
– a lint-free cloth for cleaning purposes
– soapy water or a washing solution containing a mild detergent
– a sealable plastic bag (provided with the exchange gyrosphere)
– in case of a five-year maintenance: a new centering pin, stock no. 22383

Used mercury and insulating fluid may not be reused.


Caution When exchanging a gyrosphere, always use fresh mercury and insulating fluid.
Put the capsule with used mercury and insulating into the old gyrosphere's car-
rying box, to return it to Sperry Marine for recycling.

Procedure
1) Carefully wash the gyrosphere with soapy water or a washing solution
containing a mild detergent.

2) Thorougly dry off the gyrosphere with a


lint-free cloth. Dip with the cloth down
into the recess to make sure that the bot-
tom of the recess is absolutely clean and
dry.

3) Place the gyrosphere onto a foam pad


from the carrying box and seal the re-
cess of the sphere with a protective
sticker. The recess must be sealed air-
tight to prevent any residual traces of
mercury from contaminating the packag-
ing material. Stickers are included in the
installation and replacement parts kit
and with replacement gyrospheres.

4) Put the gyrosphere in the plastic bag


provided with the new exchange gyro-
sphere and tightly seal the bag.

8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service Page 8-19


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

5) Carefully put the gyrosphere between


the foam rubber pads in its carrying box.
6) Pack the box in the original transport
container for returning to Sperry Marine.

Make sure to include the gyrosphere service report when returning a sphere to
Note
Sperry Marine.
When the service report is not returned, no warranty exchange of the gyro-
sphere is possible.

7) Take the new exchange gyrosphere from its carrying box and place it on
the plastic bowl from the installation parts kit
8) Proceed with the installation of the gyrosphere into the gyrosphere con-
tainer, as described under 8.3.1, from step 10 onwards.

Page 8-20 8: Gyroshpere Installation and Service


NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

App. A Setup Tables

Tables provided on the following pages:

Designation Pages

Standard Manual Settings (blank form) 1

System Configuration / Service Setup 1 (blank form) 1

Magnetic Compass Calibration Table (blank form) 1

Make copies of these blank forms as needed to record the general system setup
and the settings made during the configuration of the system.
Please return one set of copies of the filled-out forms to Sperry Marine for inclu-
sion in the ship’s file.

App. A: Setup Tables Page A-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

Page A-2 App. A: Setup Tables


NAVIGAT X MK 2 Standard Manual Settings

Vessel’s Name: _________________ Shipyard: _________________

Hull No.: _________________

Speed/Latitude

Speed ❏ Auto ❏ Man.


Position ❏ Auto ❏ Man.
Hdg. Diff. Alarm

Between ❏ GY1/M ❏ OFF


Alarm Threshold
threshold:_______________ °
Magnetic Variation

Mode ❏ Auto ❏ Man.


Man. Variation
Value
variation:_______________ ° ❏E ❏W
North Speed Error Correction

Correction ❏ ON ❏ OFF
Settings NAVIPRINT

NAVIPRINT ❏ ON ❏ OFF
Paper Speed ❏ 60 mm/h ❏ 150 mm/h ❏ 600 mm/h
Heading ❏ ±30° ❏ ±180°
Settings ROT

Time Constant
time constant:_______________ s
NAVIGAT X MK 2 System Configuration
(Service Setup 1)

Vessel’s Name: _________________ Shipyard: _________________

Hull No.: _________________

Interface I/O

Mag. Hdg. Input ❏ NMEA-HDM ❏ NMEA-HCHDT ❏ NMEA-HDG ❏ PLATH-Magn.


❏ NAVIPILOT ❏ Comp. Monitor ❏ OFF
Speed Input ❏ 200 Pulse/NM ❏ NMEA
Position Input ❏ NMEA-GLL ❏ NMEA-GGA
Sens.D. M. Output ❏ NMEA-HCHDM ❏ NMEA-HCHDT ❏ NMEA-HCHDG
S/Fast M. Output ❏ NMEA-HCHDM ❏ NMEA-HCHDT
Magn. Variation ❏ NMEA-HDG ❏ NMEA-RMA ❏ NMEA-RMC
NMEA SuperFast ❏ 4800 Baud ❏ 9600 Baud ❏ 19200 Baud ❏ 38400 Baud
❏ NMEA-HCHDT ❏ PLATH
TxD NMEA Fast ❏ NMEA ❏ HCHDT ❏ HDT/ROT ❏ PLATH
Sens. Data 2 ❏ Sens. Data ❏ NAVIPRINT
Analog ROT Outp

Scale Factor
sc. factor:_______________ mV/°/min.
Zero Offset
offset:_______________ mV
Protocol Type ❏ IEC 61162-1 ❏ NMEA 0183
System Type

System ❏G ❏ GM
Hdg. Sel. ❏ CDU 1 ❏ Comp. Mon. ❏ Autopilot ❏ Ext. Sel.
Alignment Error
Correction Value
correction value:_______________ °
Shaft Encoder
Correction Value
correction value:_______________ °
Gen. Alarm Setup ❏ on all alarms ❏ on fatal alarms
Name of Gyro ❏ ID-No. 1 ❏ ID-No. 2 ❏ ID-No. 3
NAVIGAT X MK 2 Magnetic Heading Calibration Table

Vessel’s Name: _________________ Shipyard: _________________

Hull No.: _________________

Mag. Compass Mag. Hdg. Correction Mag. Compass Mag. Hdg. Correction
Heading Display Value Heading Display Value
(uncalibrated) (uncalibrated)

0° 180°

10° 190°

20° 200°

30° 210°

40° 220°

50° 230°

60° 240°

70° 250°

80° 260°

90° 270°

100° 280°

110° 290°

120° 300°

130° 310°

140° 320°

150° 330°

160° 340°

170° 350°
NAVIGAT X Mk 2 056341 Rev. AA

App. B Drawings

Drawings provided on the following pages:

Dimension Drawings

Designation Drawing No. Pages

Gyrocompass NAVIGAT X MK 2 4991-0112-01 2

Control Unit 4926-0112-01 1

Wiring Diagrams

Designation Drawing No. Pages

NAVIGAT X MK 2 4991-0115-12 1

Standard Connection Diagrams

Designation Drawing No. Pages

Gyrocompass NAVIGAT X MK 2 4991-0153-01 1

Standard connection diagrams are included for information only.


Note
If installation-specific connection diagrams have been provided for a given sys-
tem, these are to be regarded as the only authoritative source of wiring and
connection information.

App. B: Drawings Page B-1


056341 Rev. AA NAVIGAT X Mk 2

Page B-2 App. B: Drawings


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