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CHEMISTRY ALLEN Study Package For – JEE (Advanced)

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Study Package

For JEE (Advanced)

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JEE-Chemistry

JEE-Chemistry EXERCISE-01 CHECK YOUR GRASP

EXERCISE-01

CHECK YOUR GRASP

NODE6\E:\Data\2014\Kota\JEE-Advanced\SMP\Che\UNIT-07\IONIC EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65

SELECT THE CORRECT ALTERNATIVE (ONLY ONE CORRECT ANSWER)

1 Which of the following expressions is/are not true ?

.

 

(A)

[H + ]

=

[OH ] =

K w
K
w

for a neutral solution at all temperatures.

 

(B)

[H + ]

>

[OH – ] < ] <

&

for an acidic solution(B) [H + ] > [OH – ] < &  

 

(C)

[H + ]

<

[OH – ] > ] >

&

 

for an alkaline solution(C) [H + ] < [OH – ] > &  

(D) [H + ] = [OH ] = 10 7 M for a neutral solution at all temperatures

 

2 Addition of HCl will not suppress the ionization of-

.

 

(A) acetic acid

 

(B) Benzoic acid

 

(C) H 2 S

 

(D) Sulphuric acid

 

3 An acid solution of pH 6 is diluted thousand times. The pH of solution becomes approx-

.

(A) 6.96

(B)

 

6

(C)

4

(D)

9

pOH of

4 H 2 O

.

is

7.0 at 298 K. If water is heated at 350 K, which of the following should

be true

?

(A) pOH will decrease

 

(B) pOH will increase

(C) pOH will remain 7.0

 

(D)

concentration of H + ions will increase but that

of OH will decrease

 

5 Which of the following solution will have a pH exactly equal to 8 ?

.

(A) 10 8 M HCl solution at 25°C

 

(B) 10 8 M H + solution at 25°

 

(C)

2

10 6 M Ba(OH) 2 solution at 25° C

 

(D)

10 6 M NaOH

solution at 50° C

 

6 The number of hydrogen ions in 10 mL of

.

a solution with pH = 13

is-

(A) 10 13

(B)

 

6.023 ×

10 8

(C)

6.023 ×

10 13

(D)

6.023 ×

10 10

 

7 At 55° C autoprotolysis constant of water is

.

4

× 10 14 . If

a given sample of water has a pH of 6.9, then

it

is-

(A) acidic

(B) basic

 

(C) neutral

(D) explosive

 

8 0.1 mol HCl is dissolved in distilled water of volume V then V

.

 lim

 (pH) solution is equal to-

 

(A) zero

(B)

 

1

(C)

7

(D) 14

 

9 A 50

mL

solution of

 

=

1

is

mixed

with a 50 mL solution of

2. then pH of the mixture will

.

be nearly-

pH

pH =

(A) 0.76

(B) 1.26

 

(C) 1.76

 

(D) 2.26

 

1 The pH of a solution obtained by

0 .

mixing 50

mL of

0.4 N HCl and

50 mL

of 0.2 N NaOH

is-

(A)

– log

2

(B)

 

– log

0.2

 

(C) 1.0

 

(D) 2.0

 

1 The pH of a solution is 7.00. To this solution sufficient base is added to increase the pH to 12.0. The increase OH ion concentration is-

1 .

(A) 5 times

 

(B) 1000 times

 

(C) 10 5 times

(D) 4 times

 

1 Which of the following solution will have pH close to 1.0 ?

2 .

 

(A) 100 mL of M/10HCl + 100 mL of M/10 NaOH

 

(B)

55 mL

of M/10

HCl +

45 mL

of M/10 NaOH

 

(C)

10 mL

of M/10

HCl

+

90 mL

of M/10 NaOH

(D)

75 mL

of M/5

HCl +

25 mL

of M/5 NaOH.

 

1 The dissociation constants of two acids HA 1 and HA 2 are 3.0 × 10 4 and 1.8 × 10 5 respectively. The relative strengths of the acids will be approximately-

3 .

(A)

1

:

4

(B)

 

4

:

1

(C)

1

:

16

(D)

16

:

1

68

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NODE6\E:\Data\2014\Kota\JEE-Advanced\SMP\Che\UNIT-07\IONIC EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65

EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65 JEE-Chemistry 1 4 . Which of the following is true- (A)

JEE-Chemistry

1 4 .

Which of the following is true-

(A)

pk b for

OH is

– 1.74 at 25°C

 

(B)

the equilibrium constant for the reaction between HA (pK a = 4) and NaOH at 25°C will be equal to 10 10

(C)

the

pH

3.2

of

a

solution

containing

0.1

M

HCOOH

(k a

=

1.8

10 4 )

and

0.1

M

HOCN.

(k a =

10 4 )

will be nearly

(3 – log7).

 

(D)

all the above are correct.

 

1 5 .

1

1

1

6 .

7 .

8 .

Which statement/relationship is correct ?

(A)

upon hydrolysis of salt of a strong base and weak acid gives a solution with pH < 7

(B)

pH = –log

1

[H

]

(C) only

(D) the value of

If 50 mL of 0.2 (M) KOH is added to 40 mL of 0.5(M) HCOOH. The pH of the resulting solution is

(K

(A) 3.75

50% neutralization of a solution of formic acid (K a = 2 × 10 4 ) with NaOH would result in a solution having a hydrogen ion concentration of-

(A)

The correct order of increasing [H 3 O + ] in the following aqueous solution is-

at 25

°C the

pH of

water is

°C

is

7

(B) 5.6

(B) 3.7

7

pK w at 25

:

=

1.8

10 4 )

×

(C) 7.5

(C) 2.7

(D) 3.4

(D) 1.85

2

10 4

×

(A)

0.01

M

H 2 S

< 0.01

M

H 2 SO 4 <

0.01

M NaCl

<

0.01 M

NaNO 2

(B)

0.01

M NaCl

< 0.01

M NaNO 2 < 0.01

M

H 2 S

<

0.01

M

H 2 SO 4

(C)

0.01

M

NaNO 2 < 0.01 M

NaCl < 0.01

M

H 2 S

<

0.01

M

H 2 SO 4

(D)

0.01

M

H 2 S

<

0.01 M

NaNO 2 < 0.01 M

NaCl < 0.01

M

H 2 SO 4

E

1

2

2

2

2

9 .

0 .

1 .

2 .

3 .

The sodium salt of a certain weak monobasic organic acid is hydrolysed to an extent of 3% in its 0.1 M solution at 25 °C. Given that the ionic product of water is 10 14 at this temperature, what is the dissociation constant of the acid ?

(A)

The correct order for the increasing extent of hydrolysis is-

 1

10 10

×

(B)

 1

10 9

×

(C)

3.33 ×

10 9

(D)

3.33 ×

10 10

(A)

PO 4 3 < HPO 4 2 < H 2 PO 4

(C)

HPO 4 2 < PO 4 3 < H 2 PO 4

(B)

(D)

H 2 PO 4 < HPO 4 2 < PO 4

3–

PO 4 3 < H 3 PO 4 < HPO 4

2–

The correct order of increasing pH of decimolar solution of each of the following in-

(A)

NH 4 NO 3 < NaNO 3 < NaHCO 3 <

Na 2 CO 3

(B)

NaNO 3 <

NH 4 NO 3 <

NaHCO 3 < Na 2 CO 3

(C)

NaNO 3 < NH 4 NO 3 < Na 2 CO 3 < NaHCO 3

(D)

Na 2 CO 3 < NaHCO 3

< NaNO 3 < NH 4 NO 3

When 100 mL of 0.4 M CH 3 COOH are mixed with 100 mL of 0.2 M NaOH, the [H 3 O + ] in the solution

is approximately : [K a (CH 3 COOH)

(A)

A solution is 0.1 M CH 3 COOH and 0.1 M CH 3 COONa. Which of the following will change the pH significantly, of the solution ?

=

1.8

10 5 ]

×

1.8

10 6

×

(B)

1.8

10 5

×

(C)

9

10 6

×

(D)

9

10 5

×

(A)

addition of water

(B)

addition of CH 3 COONa without change in volume

(C)

addition of CH 3 COOH without change in volume

(D)

none will change the pH significantly

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NODE6\E:\Data\2014\Kota\JEE-Advanced\SMP\Che\UNIT-07\IONIC EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65

JEE-Chemistry

EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65 JEE-Chemistry 2 2 2 2 2 4 . What will be the

2

2

2

2

2

4 .

What will be the pH at the equivalence point during the titration of a 100 mL 0.2 M solution of CH 3 COONa

with 0.2

M solution of HCl

?

K a

=

2

10 5

(A)

3

log

2
2

(B)

3

+

log

2
2
 

(C)

3

log2

(D)

3

+

log 2

5 .

K a for

HCN is 5 × 10 10 at 25 °C. For maintaining

a constant pH of 9,

the volume of 5 M KCN solution

required to be added to 10 mL of 2M HCN solution is-

 

(A)

4 mL

 

(B) 7.95 mL

 

(C)

2

mL

(D) 9.3 mL

6 .

The pH of a solution obtained by mixing 100 mL of 0.2 M CH 3 COOH with 100 mL of 0.2 M NaOH would be (pK a for CH 3 COOH = 4.74 and log 2 = 0.301)

(A)

4.74

 

(B) 8.87

 

(C) 9.10

 

(D) 8.57

 

7 .

Which of the following when added to 1.0 L of 0.5 M HCl would result in maximum increase in pH ?

8 .

(A) 0.5 mol CH 3 COOH

(C) 0.4 mol NaOH

What % of the carbon in the H 2 CO 3 , HCO 3 . Buffer

(B) 1.0 mol NaCl

(D) 0 .6 mole CH 3 COONa

should be in the form of

neutral

solution

?

(K a

=

4

10 7 )

(A)

20

%

(B)

40

%

(C)

60

%

(D)

HCO 3 so as to

80

%

have a

2 9 .

3

3

3

3

3

0 .

1 .

2 .

3 .

4 .

Which of the following solution would have same pH ?

(A)

100 mL

of 0.2

M HCl

+ 100

mL of

0.4

M NH 3

(B)

50 mL

of 0.1

M HCl

+

50

mL of

0.2 M

NH 3

(C)

100 mL

of 0.3

M HCl

+ 100

mL of

0.6

M NH 3

(D)

All will have same pH

K 3 may be taken

as 10 3 , 10 8 and 10 13 respectively). The pH of the

(A) 3.1

The solubility of a certain sparingly soluble substance MX n is nearly 1.4 × 10 4 M. If the solubility product

50 mL

of 0.1 M NaOH is added

(B) 5.5

to 60

mL of

0.15 M H 3 PO 4 solution (K 1 , K 2 and

mixture would be about-

(C) 4.1

(D) 6.5

is

1.1

10 11 ,

what is

the value of

n

?

(A)

1

(B)

2

(C)

3

(D) 1.5

The concentration of Mg 2+ in the solution made by mixing 10 mL of 0.25 M Mg(NO 3 ) 2 and 25 mL of

0.2

M NaF

will be

(K sp (MgF 2 = 8

10 8 )

(A)

0.0027 M

(B) 0.0714 M

(C) 0.0030 M

(D) 0.0060 M

The pH of a saturated solution of Mg(OH) 2 in water will be

(A) 4

When NaCl is added to the reaction mixture of an oil and caustic soda, the soap is thrown out because-

(K sp =

log 2

4

10 12 )

×

(D)

log 2

(B)

10

log 2

(C)

4

+

10

+

log 2

(A)

NaCl is an ionic compound

(B)

soap is insoluble in the presence of choride ions

(C)

the solubility product of NaCl decreases in the presence of soap

(D)

the solubility product of the soap is exceeded due to the increased concentration of Na + ions.

3

3

5 .

6 .

3 7 .

16.6 mg of solid silver chromate (molar mass = 332) when put into 500 mL water, silver ion and chromate ion are obtained. On adding more solid, the concentration of ions does not increase. If 100 mg of solid is put into 2 litre of water, then the amount of solid remained undissociated would be-

(A) 33.6 mg

In which of the following solvents will AgBr has highest solubility-

(A)

In the system CaF 2 (s)

the equilibrium concentration of F ions to change to

Ca +2 (aq) + 2F increasing the concentration of Ca 2+ ions 4 times will cause

(B) 3.36 mg

(C) 66.4 mg

(C) pure water

(D) 6.64 mg

(D) 10 3

M

10 3 M NaBr

(B) 10 3 M NH 4 OH

HBr

times the initial value.

(A) 4

(B) 1/2

(C)

2

(D) 1/4

70

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NODE6\E:\Data\2014\Kota\JEE-Advanced\SMP\Che\UNIT-07\IONIC EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65

EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65 JEE-Chemistry 3 3 4 4 8 . The solubility of Fe(OH) 3

JEE-Chemistry

3

3

4

4

8 .

The solubility of Fe(OH) 3 would be maximum in-

 

(A)

0.1 M NaOH

 

(B)

0.1 M HCl

(C) 0.1 M KOH

 

(D)

0.1 M H 2 SO 4

9 .

Arrange in increasing order of solubility of AgBr in solutions given :

 

(i)

0.1

M NH 3

 

(ii) 0.1 M AgNO 3

(iii) 0.2 M NaBr

 

(iv) pure water

(A)

(iii)

<

(ii)

<

(iv)

<

(i)

(B)

(iii)

<

(ii)

<

(i)

<

(iv)

(C)

(iii)

<

(ii)

=

(i)

<

(iv)

(D)

(ii)

<

(iii)

<

(iv)

<

(i)

0 .

The solubility product of BaCrO 4 is 2.4 × 10 10 M 2 . The maximum concentration of Ba(NO 3 ) 2 possible without precipitation in a 6 × 10 4 M K 2 CrO 4 solution is-

(A)

4

10 7 M

 

(B) 1.2

 

10 10 M

(C)

6

10 4 M

 

(D)

3

10 4 M

1 .

At 25 °C, the solubility product values of AgCl and AgCNS are 1.7 × 10 10 and 1.0 × 10 12 respectively. When water is saturated with both solids, calculate the ratio [Cl ]/[CNS ] and also [Ag + ] in the solution.

(A)

1.3

 

10

2 , 1.7 ×

10

5

M

(B)

1.7

 

10

2 ,

1.308 ×

10 5 M

 

(C)

1.3

10 4 ,

1.308 ×

10 4

M

 

(D)

1.7

10

3 ,

1.67 ×

10 6 M

4 2 .

When pure water

under equilibrium is 8.426 × 10 5 M. If the ratio of the solubility product of CaCO 3 to that of CaC 2 O 4

is 2.087, what is the solubility product of CaCO 3 in pure water ?

(A) 4.80

is saturated with CaCO 3 and CaC 2 O 4 , the concentration of calcium ion in the solution

10 8

×

(B)

9.60 ×

10 9

(C)

9.60 ×

10 8

(D)

4.80 ×

10 9

4

3 .

The solubility of Ag 2 CO 3 in water at 25 °C is 1 × 10 4 mole/litre. What is its solubility in 0.1 M Na 2 CO 3

 

solution ? Assume no hydrolysis

of

CO 3 2 ion.

 

(A)

6.323 × 10 6 mole/litre

 

(B) 4.74 × 10 5 mole/litre

 

(C)

3.16 × 10 6 mole/litre

 

(D) 5.51 × 10 5 mole/litre

4

4 .

The solubility of calcium phosphate in water is x mol L 1 at 25 °C. Its solubility product is equal to-

 

(A)

108 x 2

 

(B) 36

x 3

(C)

36

x 5

(D) 108

x 5

4

5 .

The solubility product of AgCl is 1.8 × 10 10 . Precipitation of AgCl will occur only when equal volumes of solutions of-

 

(A)

10 4 M Ag + and 10 4 M Cl are mixed

 

(B)

10 7 M Ag + and 10 7 M Cl are mixed

 

(C)

10 5 M

Ag + and 10 5 M Cl are

mixed

(D)

10 10 M Ag + and 10 10 M Cl are mixed

4

6 .

The solubility of CaF 2 (K sp = 3.4 ×

10 11 )

in 0.1 M solution of

NaF would be-

 
 

(A)

3.4

× 10 12

M

 

(B) 3.4

10 10 M

(C) 3.4

10 9 M

 

(D) 3.4

10 13 M

 

4

7 .

The precipitate of CaF 2 (K sp = 1.7 × 10 10 ) is obtained when equal volumes of the following are mixed.

 

(A)

10 4

M

Ca 2+

+

10 4

M F

 

(B)

10 2 M

Ca 2+ +

10 3 M

F

 

(C)

10 5

M

Ca 2+ + 10 3

M

F

(D)

10 3 M ca 2+ + 10 5 M F

4

8

.

Let the solubilities of AgCl in H 2 O, 0.01 M CaCl 2 , 0.01 M NaCl & 0.05 M AgNO 3 be S 1 , S 2 , S 3 & S 4 respectively what is the correct relationship between these quantities. Neglect any complexation.

 

(A)

S 1

>

S 2

>

S 3

>

S 4

(B)

S 1

>

S 2

=

S 3

>

S 4

(C)

S 1

>

S 3

>

S 2

>

S 4

(D)

S 4

>

S 2

>

S 3

>

S 1

4

9

.

The solubility product Mg(OH) 2 in water at 25 °C is 8.9 × 10 13 (mole

dm 3 ) 3 while that of Al(OH) 3 is

 

5

10 33 (mol

dm 3 ) 4 .

If

S 1 and

S 2 are

the

solubilities

of

Mg(OH) 2 and

Al(OH) 3 in

water

in

mol dm 3 at 25 °C, what is the order of magnitude of

the ratio,

S 1 /S 2

?

 

(A)

10 5

(B) 10 4

(C) 10 6

 

(D) 10 3

5

0 .

When HCl gas is passed through a saturated solution of common salt, pure NaCl is precipitated because-

(A)

HCl is highly ionised in solution

(B)

HCl is highly soluble in water

(C)

the solubility product of NaCl is lowered by HCl

(D)

the ionic product of [Na + ] [Cl ] exceeds the solubility product of NaCl

E

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NODE6\E:\Data\2014\Kota\JEE-Advanced\SMP\Che\UNIT-07\IONIC EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65

JEE-Chemistry

EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65 JEE-Chemistry 5 1 . A certain indicator (an organic dye) has pK

5 1 .

A certain indicator (an organic dye) has pK a = 5. For which of the following titrations may it be suitable.

(A)

acetic acid against NaOH

 

(B)

aniline hydrochloride against NaOH

 

(C)

sodium carbonate against HCl

 

(D)

barium hydroxide against oxalic acid

 

5 2 .

The pH indicators are-

 

(A)

salts of strong acids & strong bases

 

(B)

salts of weak acids & weak bases

(C)

either weak acids or weak bases

(D)

either strong acids or strong bases

5 3 .

What fraction of an indicator Hln is in the basic form at a

pH of

6

if

pK a of the indicator

is

5

?

 

1

1

10

1

 

(A)

2

(B)

11

(C)

11

(D)

10

5 4 .

An acid-base indicator which is a weak acid has a pK a value = 5.5. At what concentration ratio of sodium acetate to acetic acid would the indicator show a colour half-way between those of its acid and conjugate base forms ? pK a of acetic acid = 4.75

(A) 4.93

:

1

(B)

6.3

:

1

(C)

5.62 :

1

(D)

2.37 :

1

CHECK YOUR GRASP ANSWER KEY EXERCISE -1 Que. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
CHECK
YOUR
GRASP
ANSWER
KEY
EXERCISE
-1
Que.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Ans.
D
D
A
A
B
B
B
C
B
C
C
D
B
D
C
Que.
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Ans.
A
A
C
A
B
A
B
D
A
C
B
D
D
D
A
Que.
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
Ans.
B
A
D
D
A
B
B
D
A
A
B
D
C
D
A
Que.
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
Ans.
C
B
C
B
D
C
C
C
C

72

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EXERCISE–02 JEE-Chemistry BRAIN TEASERS

EXERCISE–02

JEE-Chemistry

BRAIN TEASERS

NODE6\E:\Data\2014\Kota\JEE-Advanced\SMP\Che\UNIT-07\IONIC EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65

SELECT THE CORRECT ALTERNATIVES (ONE OR MORE THEN ONE CORRECT ANSWERS)

1 The conjugate acid of NH 2 is-

.

(A)

NH 3

(B) NH 2 OH

(C) NH 4 +

(D) N 2 H 4

2 Out of the following, amphiprotic species are

.

(I) HPO 3 2

(II) OH

(iii)

H 2 PO 4

(IV) HCO 3

(A) I, III, IV

(B) I and

III

(C) III and

IV

(D) All

3 pH of an aqueous solution of NaCl at 85 °C should be-

<

4 .

.

(A)

7

(B)

>

7

(C)

7

(D)

0

1

CC

of

0.1 N

HCl is

added to 99 CC

solution of NaCl. The pH of the resulting solution will be-

(A)

7

5 of

.

10 mL

(A)

1

M

200

(B)

3

H 2 SO 4 is mixed with 40 mL of

(B)

2

(C)

M

200

4

(D)

1

H 2 SO 4 . The pH of the resulting solution is-

(C) 2.3

(D) none of these

6 If pK b for fluoride ion at 25 °C is 10.83, the ionization constant of hydrofluoric acid in water at this temperature

.

is-

10 3

7 If K 1 & K 2 be first and second ionisation

(A)

1.74 ×

10 5

(B)

3.52 ×

.

(C)

6.75 ×

10 4

(D)

5.38

10 2

×

constant of H 3 PO 4 and K 1 >> K 2 which is incorrect-

(A)

(C)

[H + ]

K 2

=

= [H 2 PO 4 ]

2 ]

[HPO 4

(B)

(D)

[H + ] = K [H PO ] 1 3 4 [H + ] =
[H + ]
=
K
[H
PO
]
1
3
4
[H + ] = 3[PO 4 3– ]

8 The degree of hydrolysis of a salt of weak acid and weak base in it's 0.1 M solution is found to be 50%.

.

If the molarity of the solution is 0.2 M, the percentage hydrolysis of the salt should be-

(A)

100 %

(B)

50

%

(C)

25

%

(D) none of these

9 What is the percentage hydrolysis of NaCN in N/80 solution when the dissociation constant for HCN

.

1.3

(A) 2.48

is

×

10 9 and

K w =

1.0

10 14

×

(B) 5.26

(C) 8.2

(D) 9.6

1 pH of 0.01 M (NH 4 ) 2 SO 4 and 0.02 M NH 4 OH buffer solution (pK a of NH 4 + = 9.26) is-

0 .

(A) 9.26

(B) 4.74

(C)

4.74 +

log 2

(D) none

1 The range of most suitable indicator which should be used for titration of X Na + (0.1 M, 10 mL) with

1 .

1 2 .

0.1

M HCl should be (Given :

k

(A)

2

3

(B)

3

b(X

5

)

= 10 6 )

(C)

6

8

(D) 8-10

When NO 2 is bubbled into water, If disproportionates completely into HNO 2 and HNO 3 .

2NO 2 + H 2 O()  HNO 2 (aq.) + HNO 3 (aq.)

The concentration of NO 2 in a

{K a (HNO 2 ) =

5

10 4 }

×

solution prepared by dissolving 0.05 mole of

NO 2 gas in

1 litre

H 2 O

is

(A)

~

5

10 4

(B)

~

4.8

10 5

(C)

~

4.8

10 3

(D)

~

2.55 ×

10 2

1 If K sp for HgSO 4 is 6.4

3 .

× 10 5 , then solubility

of this substance in mole per m 3 is-

(A)

8

10 3

(B)

6.4

10 5

(C)

8

10 6

 

(D) none of these

1 Which of the following is most soluble in water ?

4 .

 

(A)

MnS(K sp = 8

 

10 37 )

(B)

ZnS(K sp

=

7

10 16 )

(C)

Bi 2 S 3 (K sp =

1

10 72 )

(D)

Ag 3 (PO 4 ) (K sp = 1.8

 

10 8 )

E

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JEE-Chemistry

EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65 JEE-Chemistry 1 5 . How many moles NH 3 must be added

1

5 .

How many moles NH 3 must be added to 2.0 litre of 0.80 M AgNO 3 in order to reduce the Ag + concentration

to

(A) 0.4

5

10 8 M.

×

K f

of

[Ag(NH 3 ) 2 + ] = 10 8

(B)

2

(C) 3.52

(D)

4

1

6 .

1 7 .

If V 1 mL of BaCl 2 Solution (10 1 M) and

V 2 mL of NaF solution (10 2 M) are mixed, what is the ratio V 1 : V 2 so that a precipitate may be obtained ?

(A)

(B)

(C)

(D) precipitate cannot obtained for any possible ratio

a

solution of pH = 1 saturated with H 2 S gas, in which concentration of H 2 S = 0.1 M ? The product of

At 18

The solubility product of BaF 2 has the value, 1.7 × 10 4 .

1

2

1

:

:

:

1

1

2

°C, the solubility of CdS in water is 6.33 × 10 15 M. What is the concentration of

Cd + ion

in

the first and second ionization constants of H 2 S is 1.1 × 10 22 at this temperature.

(A)

6.343

10 8

M

(B)

4.

368

10 8 M

(C)

4.368

10 9

M

(D) 3.643

10 8 M

1

1

2

8 .

9 .

0 .

100 mL of 0.02 M benzoic acid (pK a = 4.2) is titrated using 0.02 M NaOH. pH after 50 mL and 100 mL

of NaOH have been added are-

(A) 3.50,7

What is the pH of solution made by adding 3.9 g NaNH 2 into water to make a 500 mL solution

K b (NH 3 ) =

(A) 13.3

10.2 g of acetic anhydride was added to 989.8 g of water to make a solution with a density of

(B) 4.2,

23, N

(B) 0.7

7

=

(C) 4.2, 8.1

(C) 5.3

(D) 4.2, 8.25

(D) 13.7

2

10 5 [Na =

×

14,

H

=

1]

1g/mL. If the k a of acetic

acid is

2

10 5 ,

the pH

of the

solution would be [C

=

12,

H

=

1,

O

=

16]

(A)

2.7

(B) 3.7

(C) 4.7

(D) 5.7

 

2

1 .

2 2 .

A well is dug in a bed of rock containing fluorspar (CaF 2 ). If the well contains 20000 L of water, what

is the amount of

(A) 4.3 mol

If HA

and HB + NaOH

then equimolar solution of which acid has higher pH-

F in

it

K sp = (B) 6.8 mol

×

?

4

10 11

(C) 8.6 mol

(D) 13.6 mol

H = – 12 kcal

H = –11 kcal

+

NaOH  NaA + H 2 O

 NaB + H 2 O

(A)

HA

(C)

both have same pH

(B) HB

(D) information insufficient

2 3 . Aniline behaves as a weak base. When 0.1 M, 50 mL solution of aniline was mixed with 0.1 M, 25 mL solution of HCl the pH of resulting solution was 8. Then the pH of 0.01 M solution of aniliniumchloride will be (K w = 10 14 )

(A)

acid (pK a = 4.20) and 1M C 6 H 5 COONa is 4.5, what is the volume

of

(A)

What is the difference in pH for 1/3 and 2/3 stages of neutralisation of 0.1 M CH 3 COOH with 0.1

M NaOH.

(A) –

An acid HA(k a = 10 5 ) reacts with NaOH at 298 K. What would be the value of the rate constant of the reverse reaction at the same temperature if the rate constant of the forward reaction is 10 11 mol 1 L sec 1 ?

(A)

pH of

2 4 .

6

(B) 6.5

a mixture of 1 M benzoic

(C)

5

(D) 5.5

(D) 50

(D)

benzoic acid required to prepare a 300 mL buffer [log 2 = 0.3] ?

200 mL

2 log 3

(B) 150 mL

(B) 2log(1/4)

(C) 100 mL

(C) 2log(2/3)

mL

2 log 2

2 5 .

2 6 .

10 9

(B) 10 9

(C) 10 5

(D) 10 20

74

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EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65 JEE-Chemistry 2 7 . The pH of 1.0 M NaHSO 4 solution

JEE-Chemistry

2 7 . The pH of 1.0 M NaHSO 4 solution will be (given that K 1 and K 2 for H 2 SO 4 equal to  and 10 2 respectively)-

(A)

nearly 1.0

(B) between 2 and 3

(C)

between 1.2 and 1.8

(D) between 3 and 4

2 8 .

2 9 .

3 0 .

0.1 millimole of CdSO 4 are present in 10 mL acid solution of 0.08 N HCl. Now H 2 S is passed to precipitate all the Cd 2+ ions. The pH of the solution after filtering off precipitate, boiling off H 2 S and making the solution 100 mL by adding H 2 O is-

(A) 2

Zn salt is mixed with (NH 4 ) 2 S of molarity 0.021 M. The amount of Zn 2+ remains unprecipitated in

12 mL of this solution would

(A)

(C)

The self ionisation constant for pure formic acid, K = [HCOOH 2 + ] [HCOO ] has been estimated as 10 6 at room temperature. The density of formic acid is 1.22 g/cm 3 . The percentage of formic acid molecules in pure formic acid that are concerted to formate ion would be-

(A) 0.002 %

(B)

4

(C)

6

(D)

8

be (Given : K SP ZnS

=

(B)

4.51 ×

1.767 ×

10 24 )

10 22 g

1.677 ×

2.01 ×

10 22 g

10 23 g

(D) none of these

(B) 0.004 %

(C) 0.006 %

(D) 0.008 %

E

BRAIN TEASERS ANSWER KEY EXERCISE -2 Qu e. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
BRAIN
TEASERS
ANSWER
KEY
EXERCISE
-2
Qu e.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Ans .
A
C
C
B
B
C
D
B
A
A
B
A
D
D
D
Qu e.
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
Ans .
D
D
C
A
A
C
B
C
C
D
D
A
A
A
B
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JEE-Chemistry E X E R C I S E – 0 3 MISCELLANEOUS TYPE QUESTIONS

EXERCISE03

MISCELLANEOUS TYPE QUESTIONS

NODE6\E:\Data\2014\Kota\JEE-Advanced\SMP\Che\UNIT-07\IONIC EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65

TRUE / FALSE

1

When a solution of a weak monoprotic acid is titrated against a strong base, at half-neutralization point,

.

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

.

0 .

1 .

2 .

3 .

4 .

5 .

6 .

7 .

8 .

9 .

0 .

1 .

2 .

1

pH

A solution of sodium acetate and ammonium acetate can act as a buffer.

If the solubility of the salt Li 3 Na 3 (AlF 6 ) 2 is x, then its solubility product would be 2916 x 8 .

A buffer has maximum buffer capacity when the ratio of salt to acid is 10.

In the presence of a common ion (incapable of froming complex ion), the solubility of salt decreases.

The ionic product of water changes if a few drops of acid or base are added to it.

When equilibrium is attained, the concentration of each of the reactants & products become equal.

The reaction, HCN + OH  CN + H 2 O is displaced to the right indicating that the acid strength of HCN is greater than water & the base strength of CN is greater than that of OH .

The hydroxyl ion is hydrated to give several ionic species

Ostwald's dilution formula is applicable to weak as well as strong electrolytes.

CO 2 is a Lewis base

Solution whether neutral, acidic or basic contain both H + & OH ions.

The ionic product of a saturated solution is equal to solubility product constant of its solute.

A Lewis base is a substance which can donate a pair of electrons ?

If ionic product is less than k sp , no precipitation will occur.

A buffer has definite pH value which changes on keeping it or on diluting it.

A salt of strong acid with a strong base does not undergo hydrolysis

HCl does not act as an acid in benzene

Water acts as a base when ammonia is dissolved in it.

In the reaction, SnCl 4 + 2Cl  [SnCl 6 ] 2 , SnCl 4 is a Lewis acid.

The strength of an oxy acid increases with increase in the EN value of central atom.

In aqueous solution the hydronium ion is further hydrated to give species like H 5 O 2 + , H 7 O 3 + and H 9 O 4

=

2

pK a

like H 2 O 2 2 , H 3 O 3 3 and H 4 O 4 4 .

+

FILL IN THE BLANKS

1 In a mixture of weak acid and its salt, the ratio of concentration of salt to acid is increased ten fold.

.

The pH of the solution would

by

unit.

2 The solubility of CH 3 COOAg in water considering hydrolysis of CH 3 COO ions would be ignoring the hydrolysis.

3 From an equimolar solution of Cl and Br ions, the addition of AgCl & AgBr are 1 × 10 10 & 1 × 10 13 respectively).

4 The solubility of AgCl in NH 3 is

than that

(K sp

.

.

.

of Ag + will selectively precipitates

than the solubility in pure water because of complex ion, [Ag(NH 3 ) 2 ] +

formation.

5 The hydrolytic constant K h for the hydrolytic equilibrium

.

H 2 PO 4 + H 2 O  H 3 PO 4 + OH

is 1.4

10 12

×

The value

of ionization constant for the H 3 PO 4 + H 2 O  H 2 PO 4 + H 3 O + is

6 Given the equilibrium constants

.

Cl + HgCl +

HgCl 2 + Cl

HgCl 2

HgCl 3

;

;

K 1

K 2

=

=

3

8.9

×

10 6

The equilibrium constants for the dispropotionation equilibrium.

2HgCl 2

HgCl + + HgCl 3

is-

76

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EQUILIBRIUM & ACID BASE\Eng\Exercise.p65 JEE-Chemistry 7 . If the salts M 2 X, QY 2 and

JEE-Chemistry

7

.

If the salts M 2 X, QY 2 and PZ 3 have same solubilities (<<< 1), their K sp values are related as

8

.

K a for an acid HA is 1 × 10 6 . K b for A would be

 

9

.

An aqueous solution of

K 2 SO 4 has pH nearly equal to

 

1

0 .

The pH of a solution which is 0.1 M sodium acetate and 0.01 M acetic acid (pK a = 4.74) would be

1

1 .

The conjugative acid of sulphate (SO 4 2 ) is

 

1

2 .

The value of K