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第 2 章 續百分法 2.

第 2 章 續百分法
【本章各練習均中英對照,以供參考。】
熱身練習
1. 把下列百分數轉換為小數。 1. Convert the following percentages into
(a) 15% decimals.
(b) 85% (a) 15%
(b) 85%

2. 把下列小數轉換為百分數。 2. Convert the following decimals into


(a) 0.2 percentages.
(b) 1.5 (a) 0.2
(b) 1.5

3. 把下列百分數轉換為分數。 3. Convert the following percentages into


(a) 30% fractions.
(b) 125% (a) 30%
(b) 125%

4. 把下列分數轉換為百分數。 4. Convert the following fractions into


1 percentages.
(a) 1
4 (a)
7 4
(b) 7
5 (b)
5

3 3
5. (a) 30 的 是多少? 5. (a) What is of 30?
4 4
7 7
(b) 200 的 是多少? (b) What is of 200?
5 5
2.2 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

1 1
6. (a) a 的 是 12,求 a。 6. (a) of a is 12. Find a.
3 3
9 9
(b) b 的 是 27,求 b。 (b) of b is 27. Find b.
4 4

7. (a) 45 的 20% 是多少? 7. (a) What is 20% of 45?


(b) 72 的 150% 是多少? (b) What is 150% of 72?

8. (a) x 的 80% 是 60,求 x。 8. (a) 80% of x is 60. Find x.


(b) y 的 200% 是 120,求 y。 (b) 200% of y is 120. Find y.

9. 計算下列各題,答案以小數表示。 9. Evaluate the following and give your


(a) 1  15% answers in decimals.

(b) 20%  50% (a) 1  15%


(b) 20%  50%

10. 計算下列各題,答案以百分數表示。 10. Evaluate the following and give your


answers in percentages.
(a) 10%  10%  10%
(a) 10%  10%  10%
(b) 100%  40%  30%
(b) 100%  40%  30%

11. (a) 室 內 溫 度 由 20C 增 至 24C , 求 室 11. (a) The room temperature increases
內溫度的百分增加。 from 20C to 24C. Find the
percentage increase in the room
(b) 手 提 電 話 的 通 話 時 間 由 400 分 鐘 減
temperature.
至 350 分鐘,求通話時間的百分減少
(b) The airtime of a mobile phone
service plan decreases from
400 minutes to 350 minutes. Find the
percentage decrease in the airtime.

12. (a) 一對波鞋標價 $800,以七折售出。求 12. (a) A pair of running shoes with a
波鞋的售價。 marked price of $800 is sold at a
discount of 30%. Find the selling
(b) 志雲 以 $90 買一本以六折出售的參考 price of the pair of running shoes.
書。求參考書的標價。
(b) Clement paid $90 for a reference
book that was sold at a discount of
40%. Find the marked price of the
reference book.
第 2 章 續百分法 2.3

13. 把下列各數捨入至 3 位有效數字。 13. Correct the following numbers to


(a) 27.468 9 3 significant figures.
(b) 3 102 (a) 27.468 9
(b) 3 102

14. (a) 把 432.1 kg 捨入至最接近的 kg。 14. (a) Correct 432.1 kg to the nearest kg.
(b) 把 2.09 L 捨入至最接近的 L。 (b) Correct 2.09 L to the nearest L.

強化練習
【本部分為書中每個練習額外提供兩種不同的題目組合:「初級組合」和「高級組合」。同學可按其需要選擇完
成 其中一組 題目。】

練習 2A
 初 級 組 合                


度一
1. (a) 問 200 是 100 的
百分之
幾? 1. (a) What percentage of 100 is 200?
(b)  32  50  (b) What percentage of 50 is 32?
(c)  5  25  (c) What percentage of 25 is 5?
(d)  9  2  (d) What percentage of 2 is 9?

2. 求
下列各
題的新。 2. Find the new value for each of the
following.
(a) 50 增
加 20%
(a) 50 increases by 20%
練習 2A 初級

(b) 0.25 減
少 10%
(b) 0.25 decreases by 10%
組合

(c) 40 g  15%
(c) 40 g increases by 15%
(d) 160 km  20%
(d) 160 km decreases by 20%

3. 求
下列各
題的百
分變化
。 3. Find the percentage change in each of
the following.
(a) 40 變
成 120
(a) 40 changes to 120
(b) 100  70
(b) 100 changes to 70
(c) 72 g  135 g
(c) 72 g changes to 135 g
(d) 90 cm  81 cm
(d) 90 cm changes to 81 cm
2.4 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

4.   $98 000  $109 760 4. The annual salary of Matthew increases
from $98 000 to $109 760. Find the
percentage change in his annual salary.

5.  $4.5  $6.3 5. Due to the sudden decrease in


 temperature today, the demand of
vegetables increases so that the selling
price of each catty of lettuces increases
from $4.5 to $6.3. Find the percentage
change in the selling price of lettuces.

6.               6. Due to economic downturn, the price of


      $2 400  000      Mr. Wong’s apartment changes from
 $2 040 000   $2 400 000 half year ago to $2 040 000
at present. Find the percentage change in
the price of the apartment.

7.           $8.4      7. The opening price of a stock is $8.4 each


 2.5% share and the stock price increases by
2.5% before closing. Find the closing
練習 2A 初級

price of each share of the stock.


組合

8.                     20%       8. An electricity store offers a sale where


 $2 200 all the products are sold at a discount of
20% of the marked prices. If the marked
price of a washing machine is $2 200,
find the selling price of the washing
machine.

9.         500             9. There are 500 students in a tutorial


35% centre at present. It is estimated that the
number of students will increase by 35%
next year. Find the estimated number of
students next year.

10.   12   8   6 10. A box contains 12 red, 8 green, 6 black


 4    3  and 4 white marbles. If Simon takes
 2  3 red marbles out from the box and put
 2 green, 2 black and 2 white marbles
into the box, find the percentage change
in the number of marbles in the box.
第 2 章 續百分法 2.5

11.              12%   11. The present weight of Samantha


   50.4 kg   increases by 12% in comparison with
that of half year before. If her present
weight is 50.4 kg, what was Samantha’s
weight half year before?

12.   X                  250 mL       12. There is a special offer for brand X


20% juice. An additional 250 mL of juice for
each bottle is provided for free, which
represents an increase of 20% in the
amount of juice. Find the original
amount of a bottle of brand X juice.

13.   13. Find the new value for each of the
following.
(a) 360  25% 20%
(a) 360 decreases by 25%, and then
(b) 52  4% 25% increases by 20%.
(c) 100  10% 12% (b) 52 increases by 4%, and then
(d) 210  14% 50% increases by 25%.
(c) 100 increases by 10%, and then
練習 2A 初級

decreases by 12%.
組合

(d) 210 decreases by 14%, and then


decreases by 50%.

14.    14. Find the new value and the percentage
change in each of the following.
(a) 50  4% 10%
(a) 50 increases by 4%, and then
(b) 108  5% 100% increases by 10%.
(c) 400  5% 8% (b) 108 decreases by 5%, and then
(d) 84.5  20% 10% increases by 100%.
(c) 400 decreases by 5%, and then
decreases by 8%.
(d) 84.5 increases by 20%, and then
decreases by 10%.

15.  x  25% 60%  825 x  15. If x increases by 25% and then decreases
by 60%, the new value is 825. Find the
value of x.

16.  32  y% 15% 21.76 y  16. If 32 decreases by y% and then


decreases by 15%, the new value is
21.76. Find the value of y.
2.6 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

17. 淑恩 在二月底的銀行 口結餘為


   $1 200 17. Susan had an account balance of $1 200

月,存入
了 $100 ;
四月,從口
 取
 出 on the last day of February. She
deposited $100 into her bank account in
(a)    March and withdrew 10% of her savings
(b)    的銀行口
 結餘
 由二月底至  from her bank account in April.
 (a) Find her account balance on the last
day of April.
(b) Find the percentage change in her
account balance from the last day of
February to the last day of April.

18. 一部手提電話的成本是 $1 900 ,店主按 18. The cost of a mobile phone is $1 900.
成本提高 40% 作為標價,然後以八折售出。 The shop owner sets the marked price at
 40% above the cost. He then sells it at a
discount of 20%. Find the selling price
of the mobile phone.

19. 某型號
的 DVD 機於 2000 年
的售價為 $8 19. The selling price of a certain model of
300 DVD 機於
隨後兩
年的售
價分別
減少20%  DVD player in year 2000 was $8 300. If
10% the selling price of the DVD player in
the following two years decreased by
練習 2A 初級

(a)  DVD  2002  20% and 10% respectively,


組合

(b)  (a) find the selling price of the DVD


player in year 2002.
(b) find the percentage change in the
selling price of the DVD player.


20.          10%       20. If the length of each side of a square
 decreases by 10%, find the percentage
change in the area of the square.

21.                 21. The length and width of a rectangular


24 m  30 m 10% farmland are 24 m and 30 m
 10% respectively. If the length of the
farmland decreases by 10% and its width
(a)  increases by 10%,
(b)  (a) find the new area of the farmland.
(b) find the percentage change in the
area of the farmland.
第 2 章 續百分法 2.7

22.   10% 22. The weight of Maggie in February was


 15%  44 kg    ( 10% higher than that in January. Her
 kg) weight in March was 15% lower than
that in February. If the weight of Maggie
in March was 44 kg, find her weight in
January. (Correct your answer to the
nearest kg.)

23.              8 250  23. The number of people visiting an


 20% exhibition centre in June is 8 250. The
11 385  number of visitors in July is 20% more
than that in June and the number of
(a)  visitors in August is 11 385.
(b)  (a) Find the number of visitors in July.
(b) Find the percentage change in the
number of people visiting the
exhibition centre from July to
August.
練習 2A 初級

24.  15 cm  10 cm 12% 24. A rectangle is 15 cm long and 10 cm


組合

 wide. If the length increases by 12% and


the width remains unchanged,
(a) 
(a) find the new perimeter of the
(b)  rectangle.
(b) find the percentage change in the
perimeter of the rectangle.

25.         1.5 kg  2.4 kg  25. To produce a certain product, 1.5 kg of


       kg  $6  plastic and 2.4 kg of aluminium are
$15           5%     required. Last month, the respective
 12% prices of each kg of plastic and each kg
of aluminium were $6 and $15. This
(a)    month, the prices of plastic and
(b)  aluminium decreases by 5% and
increases by 12% respectively.
(c) 
(a) Find the material cost of the product
last month.
(b) Find the material cost of the product
this month.
(c) Find the percentage change in the
material cost of the product.
2.8 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

 高 級 組 合                


1. (a)  1.4  3.5  1. (a) What percentage of 3.5 is 1.4?
(b)  25  16  (b) What percentage of 16 is 25?

2.   2. Find the new value for each of the


following.
(a) 125 cm  12%
(a) 125 cm increases by 12%
(b) 0.56 mL  25%
(b) 0.56 mL decreases by 25%

3.  3. Find the percentage change in each of


the following.
(a) 72C 變成 100C
(a) 72C changes to 100C
(b) 73.5 m 2 變成 49 m 2
(b) 73.5 m 2 changes to 49 m 2

4. 某社區中心連續兩年舉辦遠足活動,參 4. A community centre has organized


練習 2A 高級

加人數由 去年的 24 人增加至今年的 30 hiking activities for two years. The


number of participants increases from
組合

人。求參加人數的百分變化。
24 last year to 30 this year. Find the
percentage change in the number of
participants.

5. 一套校服的售價較去年上升了 4%,去年 5. The selling price of a set of school


的售價為 $120。求校服今年的售價。 uniform increases by 4% in comparison
with that of last year. The selling price
was $120 last year. Find the selling price
of the school uniform this year.

6. 嘉諾 今年收到的利是總金額為 $1 050, 6. The total amount of red packet money


比去年增加 25%。求嘉諾 去年收到的利 received by Kenix this year is $1 050,
是總金額。 which is 25% more than that of last year.
Find the total amount of red packet
money received by Kenix last year.

7. 如果某公司全年的開支節省 5%,便能節 7. If 5% of the annual expenditure of a


省 $320 000。問該公司全年的開支是多少 company is saved, $320 000 can be
saved. What is the annual expenditure of
the company?
第 2 章 續百分法 2.9

8. 求下列各題的新值。 8. Find the new value for each of the


following.
(a) 48 減少 25%,然後減少 9%。
(a) 48 decreases by 25%, and then
(b) 225 增加 6%,然後增加 6%。 decreases by 9%.
(b) 225 increases by 6%, and then
increases by 6%.

9. 求下列各題的百分變化。 9. Find the percentage change in each of


the following.
(a) 64 增加 10%,然後減少 15%。
(a) 64 increases by 10%, and then
(b) 42.5 減少 12%,然後增加 5%。 decreases by 15%.
(b) 42.5 decreases by 12%, and then
increases by 5%.

10. 若 x 增加 18%,然後減少 30%,則新值 10. If x increases by 18% and then decreases


是 70.21。求 x 的值。 by 30%, the new value is 70.21. Find the
value of x.

11. 若 104 減少 y%,然後增加 8%,則新值 11. If 104 decreases by y% and then


是 95.472。求 y 的值。 increases by 8%, the new value is
練習 2A 高級

95.472. Find the value of y.


組合

12. 若 z 減少 40% ,然後增加 25%,問 z 的 12. If z decreases by 40% and then increases
百分變化是多少? by 25%, what is the percentage change
in z?

13. 一量杯內有 600 mL 的果汁。現倒去 10% 13. There was 600 mL of juice in a
的果汁,然後注入體積相等於量杯內餘 measuring cup. 10% of the juice was
下果汁的 30% 的水。 poured out and then water equivalent to
30% of the volume of the remaining
(a) 求最後量杯內果汁的體積。 juice in the cup was added.
(b) 問 量 杯 內 果 汁 體 積 的 百 分 變 化 是 多 (a) Find the volume of the juice in the
少? cup finally.
(b) What is the percentage change in the
volume of the juice in the cup?

14. 一支金屬棒的體積為 20 cm 3 。該金屬棒 14. The volume of a metal rod is 20 cm 3 .


受熱後體積增加了 1.5%。其後,將該金 After heating, its volume increases by
屬棒放在水中冷卻,它的體積縮少了 1.5%. Thereafter, it is put into water for
1%。求該金屬棒體積的百分變化。 cooling down and then its volume
decreases by 1%. Find the percentage
change in the volume of the metal rod.
2.10 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

程度二
15. 如果梯形的上底和下底均增加 20%,其 15. If both the upper base and the lower
高卻減少 15%,求梯形面積的百分變化。 base of a trapezium increase by 20%,
and its height decreases by 15%, find the
percentage change in the area of the
trapezium.

16. 某咖啡店星期三售出的咖啡豆較星期二 16. A coffee shop sold 12% more coffee


售出的多 12%,星期二較星期一少 5%。 beans on Wednesday than on Tuesday.
若該咖啡店星期三售出了 1.596 kg 咖啡 But it sold 5% less coffee beans on
豆, Tuesday than on Monday. If the coffee
shop sold 1.596 kg of coffee beans on
(a) 問該咖啡店星期一售出多少咖啡豆? Wednesday,
(b) 求 由 星 期 一 至 星 期 三 售 出 的 咖 啡 豆 (a) how many coffee beans were sold on
的重量之百分變化。 Monday?
(b) find the percentage change in the
weight of the coffee beans sold from
Monday to Wednesday.
練習 2A 高級

17. 某座大廈上月有 28 個家庭訂閱中文報紙, 17. There were 28 families ordering the


組合

17 個家庭訂閱英文報紙。若本月訂閱中 Chinese newspapers and 17 families


文報紙的家庭數目增加 50%,而訂閱英 ordering the English newspapers in a
文報紙的家庭減少了 5 個,求訂閱報紙 building last month. If the number of
families ordering the Chinese
的家庭數目之百分變化。
newspapers increases by 50%, but there
are 5 less families ordering the English
newspapers this month, find the
percentage change in the number of
families in the building ordering
newspapers.

18. 某餐廳一小時前有 54 名顧客,其中 48 18. An hour ago, there were 54 customers in


名為成年人,餘下的為小童。現時,該 a restaurant where 48 of them were adult
餐廳的成年顧客 增加 62.5%,小童顧客 and the remaining were children. Now,
增加 150%。 adult customers increase by 62.5% and
children customers increase by 150%.
(a) 求現時的顧客人數。
(a) Find the number of customers now.
(b) 求顧客人數的百分變化。 (b) Find the percentage change in the
number of customers.
第 2 章 續百分法 2.11

19. 一條長方形毛巾經洗濯後,其長度和闊 19. After washing, the length and width of a


度分別縮短 5% 和 10%。如果毛巾的長度 rectangular towel decrease by 5% and
和 闊 度 在 洗 濯 後 分 別 為 57 cm 和 10% respectively. Its length then becomes
21.6 cm, 57 cm and width becomes 21.6 cm.
(a) Find the area of the towel before
(a) 求毛巾洗濯前的面積。
washing.
(b) 求毛巾面積的百分變化。 (b) Find the percentage change in the
area of the towel.

20. 嘉豪 預算以 $100 購買 20 杯每杯售 $5 的 20. Kevin plans to spend $100 on 20 cups of
雪糕。現時,超級市場大減價,所有貨 ice-cream at $5 each. A supermarket
品一律以九折出售。若嘉豪 多購買 10% offers a sale where all products are sold
的雪糕,問 $100 足夠支付嗎?如足夠, at a discount of 10%. Is $100 enough to
buy 10% more cups of ice-cream now?
可找回多少?否則,尚欠多少?
If it is enough, how much will be the
change? Otherwise, how much more
money is required?

21. 中三甲班舉行燒烤會,燒烤會的總支出 21. S3A is arranging a barbecue where the


練習 2A 高級

全數由參加的學生平均分擔。若有 15 名 total expenditure will be shared equally


組合

學生參加,每名學生需付 $60。若參加燒 by all participants. If there are


烤會的學生數目增加 x%,而燒烤會的總 15 participants, each of them has to pay
$60. If the number of participants
支出減少 4%,則每名參加學生需付的金
increases by x% and 4% of the total
額減少 20%。 expenditure is saved, the amount to be
(a) 求減少支出後燒烤會的總支出。 paid by each participant will decrease by
20%.
(b) 求 x 的值。
(a) Find the total expenditure of the
barbecue after the amount saved.
(b) Find the value of x.

22. 媽媽於零食店購買 300 g 的糖果,每 100 22. Mother bought 300 g of candies from a
g 的售價是 $8。若糖果每 100 g 的售價減 candy shop at $8 per 100 g. If the selling
少 x%,並且她多買 15% 的糖果,則購買 price of each 100 g of candies decreased
糖果的金額增加 3.5%。求 x 的值。 by x%, mother would buy 15% more of
candies and pay 3.5% more. Find the
value of x.
2.12 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

23. 一 月 初 , 某 公 司 有 員 工 250 人 , 其 中 23. At the beginning of January, there were


56% 是女性。六月初,該公司有 4% 的員 250 employees in a company and 56%
工離職,當中女性員工佔 70%。八月初, of them were female. At the beginning
該公司聘請了 20 名新員工,其中 14 名 of June, 4% of the employees resigned
of which 70% were female. At the
是女性。
beginning of August, the company
(a) 分別求六月底男性和女性員工的人數 employed 20 new employees and 14 of
(b) 分別求八月底男性和女性員工的人數 them were female.
(a) Find the respective number of male
(c) 分 別 求 由 一 月 初 至 八 月 底 該 公 司 的
and female employees at the end of
男性和女性員工人數的百分變化。 June.
(如有需要,答案準確至 3 位有效數
(b) Find the respective number of male
字。)
and female employees at the end of
August.
(c) Find the respective percentage
change in the number of male and
female employees of the company
from the beginning of January to the
end of August. (Correct your
answers to 3 significant figures if
necessary.)
練習 2A 高級
組合

24. 某店售賣果汁和咖啡,其中一杯果汁售 24. A shop sells fruit juice and iced coffee at
$18 和一杯咖啡售 $25。 $18 and $25 each glass respectively.
(a) 若 該 店 於 星 期 一 售 出 304 杯 果 汁 和 (a) If 304 glasses of fruit juice and
552 杯咖啡,求星期一的收入。 552 glasses of iced coffee were sold
on Monday, find the daily income.
(b) 若 該 店 於 星 期 一 售 出 的 果 汁 數 量 和
(b) If the number of glasses of fruit
咖啡數量較於星期日售出的分別少 juice and iced coffee sold on
5% 和多 15%, Monday were 5% less and 15% more
(i) 分別求該店於星期日售出的果汁 than those on Sunday respectively,
數量和咖啡數量。 (i) find the respective number of
(ii) 求該店由星期日至星期一的收入 glasses of fruit juice and iced
之百分變化,準確至 3 位有效數 coffee sold on Sunday.
字。 (ii) find the percentage change in the
daily income from Sunday to
Monday, correct to 3 significant
figures.
第 2 章 續百分法 2.13

25. (a) 某 MP3 機 三 個 月 前 的 售 價 是 25. (a) The selling price of a MP3 player
$1 080 , 其 原 料 費 和 人 工 費 分 別 是 was $1 080 three months ago where
$200 和 $350。問該 MP3 機的利潤是 the material costs and labour costs
多少? were $200 and $350 respectively.
What is the profit of the MP3
(b) 現時該 MP3 機的原料費和人工費分 player?
別減少 30% 和增加 10%,而售價 則 (b) Due to the decrease of material costs
減少 $100。

練習 2A 高級
of the MP3 player by 30% and
(i) 問該 MP3 機現時的利潤是多少? increase of labour costs by 10%, the

組合
selling price of the MP3 player
(ii) 求該 MP3 機在過去三個月內,其 decreases by $100 now.
利潤的百分變化,準確至小數點
(i) What is the present profit
後兩個位。
obtained from the MP3 player?
(ii) Find the percentage change in
the profit obtained from the MP3
player over the past three
months, correct to 2 decimal
places.

練習 2B
練習 2B 初級

 初 級 組 合                
組合


度一
1. 完
成下表
。 1. Complete the following table.

本金 年利率 存款期 ( 年 ) 單利息 本利和


Principal Interest rate p.a. Time (year) Simple interest Amount
$50 000 0.01% 2
1
2% 2 $300
2

$12 000 3 $54


練習 2B 初級

$8 000 3.6% $9 440


組合

2. 以年利率 5% 把 $2 000 存款 3 年,求單利 2. $2 000 is deposited for 3 years at an


息。 interest rate of 5% p.a. Find the simple
interest.

1 1
3. 以年利率 1.2% 把 $15 000 存款 1 年, 3. $15 000 is deposited for 1 years at an
2 2
求單利息。 interest rate of 1.2% p.a. Find the simple
interest.
2.14 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

4. 存 款 $9 000 , 以 單 利 息 計 算 , 年 利 率 4. If the principal is $9 000 and the interest


0.5%,問 4 年後可得本利和多少? rate is 0.5% p.a. on simple interest, what
is the amount after 4 years?

5. 存款 $200 000,以單利息計算,年利率 5. If the principal is $200 000 and the


3%,問半年後可得本利和多少? interest rate is 3% p.a. on simple
interest, what is the amount after half a
year?

6. 仲 雲 把一筆款項存入銀行,以單利息計 6. Edwin deposits some money in a bank at


算,年利率為 4.2%。若 1 年後可得利息 an interest rate of 4.2% p.a. If he earns
$588,求存款的金額。 $588 simple interest after 1 year, find
the amount he deposited in the bank
initially.

7. 存 款 $28 000 , 以 單 利 息 計 算 , 年 利 率 7. If the principal is $28 000 and the


4.5%,問需時多久才可得 $3 465 利息? interest rate is 4.5% p.a., how long does
it take to earn $3 465 simple interest?

1 8. Calvin deposited $8 500 in a bank for


8. 智 峰 把 $8 500 存入銀行 4
年,所得的 1
2 4 years on simple interest and he got
本利和是 $9 953.5,求年利率。 2
an amount of $9 953.5. Find the interest
rate p.a.

程度二
9. 永 利 以年利率 4% 把一筆款項存入銀行, 9. Leslie deposits some money in a bank at
以單利息計算,半年可得利息 $450。 an interest rate of 4% p.a. After half a
(a) 問永 利 的存款是多少? year, he will earn $450 simple interest.
(b) 若把年利率調高 0.5%,而存款額和 (a) How much does Leslie deposit in the
存款期保持不變,求永利 可得的單 bank initially?
利息。 (b) If the interest rate p.a. increases by
0.5% but the principal and the
saving time remain unchanged, find
the simple interest earned by Leslie.

10. 若年利率由 6% 減至 4%,何 先生每年少 10. If the interest rate p.a. decreases from
收單利息 $240。問他的本金是多少? 6% to 4%, Mr. Ho will get $240 less on
simple interest each year. What is his
principal?
第 2 章 續百分法 2.15

11. 俊龍 從銀行 A 以年利率 3% 借款$3 000, 11. Juno borrowed $3 000 from bank A at an
並從銀行 B 以年利率 5% 借款$1 000。求 interest rate of 3% p.a. He also borrowed
俊龍 2 年後應繳付的總單利息。 $1 000 from bank B at an interest rate of
5% p.a. Find the total simple interest
Juno paid after 2 years.

12. 志 堅 把 $50 000 存入西北銀 行 3 個月,以 12. Kim deposited $50 000 in the Bank of
單利息計算,年利率 3%。 Northwest for 3 months at an interest
(a) 求 3 個月後志 堅可得的本利和。 rate of 3% p.a. on simple interest.
(b) 存款期屆滿,志 堅 將 (a) 小題中所得 (a) Find the amount Kim got after
練習 2B 初級

本利和提出,然後存入富源銀 行 3 個 3 months.
組合

月,以單利息計算,年利率較 西北 (b) When the 3-month deposit was


銀 行 高 1%。求他在 6 個月內所得的總 expired, Kim withdrew the amount
利息。 mentioned in (a) and deposited it in
(c) 若志 堅將 $50 000 存入世貿銀 行 6 個 the Fu Yuen Bank for 3 months at an
月,問年利率是多少才可得到相等 interest rate of 1% p.a. higher than
於 (b) 小題所得的總利息? that in the Bank of Northwest. Find
the total interest earned after
6 months.
(c) If Kim deposits $50 000 in the World
Trade Bank for 6 months, what
should be the interest rate p.a. so
that Kim can earn the same amount
of total interest as that in (b)?

 高 級 組 合                


度一
1 1
1. 以年利率 4% 把 $4 500 存款 1 年, 1. $4 500 is deposited for 1 years at an
2 2

單利息
。 interest rate of 4% p.a. Find the simple
interest.

2. $16 000 is deposited for 2 years at an


練習 2B 高級

2.  5.5%  $16 000  2 


interest rate of 5.5% p.a. Find the simple
組合

interest.

3. 陳 先生
把一筆款項存入銀
行,以單利
息計算
,年利
率是1.8%。
若 10 年
後 3. Mr. Chan deposits some money in a bank

得利息$33 300,求存
款的金
額。 at an interest rate of 1.8% p.a. If he
earns $33 300 simple interest after
10 years, find the amount he deposited
in the bank initially.
2.16 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

4. 黎 先
生把$45 000 存
入某銀 行口
,
以
單
 利
息計
 算
,年
 利率2.7% 
 4. Mr. Lai deposits $45 000 into a bank

時多久才
可得本
利和$49 050 account at an interest rate of 2.7% p.a.
on simple interest. How long does it take
for his account balance to reach
$49 050?

5. 文 新  $12 000  3  $765 5. Wilson deposited $12 000 in a bank for
3 years and he got $765 simple interest.
Find the interest rate p.a.

6. 張  $1 000  2  A提供的年利率為 6. Mr. Cheung would like to deposit $1 000
3%     B 的 年 利 率 則 為 1.2%   in a bank for 2 years. Bank A offers an
按單利息  先生把該筆款
計算,問 項存入銀行 A   interest rate of 3% p.a. and Bank B
 B 多
得利息多 少
? offers an interest rate of 1.2% p.a. How
much more simple interest will he earn
if the principal is deposited in Bank A
instead of Bank B?


度二
7. 若年利率為 5% ,以單利息計算  3 年後可得本利和 7. If simple interest is calculated at an
練習 2B 高級

interest rate of 5% p.a., an amount of


組合

$4 140 will be got after 3 years. Find the


principal.

8.  2.5% 存
款4  $845。 8. Interest rate is 2.5% p.a., saving time is
4 years and simple interest obtained is
(a) 求
本金
$845.
(b) 若本金增加 4% ,存款期縮短 (a) Find the principal.
12.5%,
而年利
率不變
,求所
得的單利
息。
(b) If the principal increases by 4% and
the saving time decreases by 12.5%,
find the simple interest with the
interest rate unchanged.

9. 志 輝 把$4 500 分成兩份,各自投資 3  9. Charles divides $4 500 into two 3-year


第一份 率為10% ;
的年利 第二份的年利率為 8%  investment plans. The interest rate of
若兩份
投資得到
相等的
單利息,問該兩份款
項分別是多少
? one investment plan is 10% p.a. and the
other is 8% p.a. If the simple interests
earned from the two investment plans are
the same, find the respective initial
amounts of the two investments.
第 2 章 續百分法 2.17

10. 若年利率為 5% ,以單利息計算,問需時多久才 10. If the interest rate is 5% p.a. on simple



使本利
和相等
於本金
的兩倍
? interest, how long does it take for the
amount to be equal to twice the
principal?

11. 慧 琪 把$750 存入銀行            r% 。若年利率增至 11. Vicki deposits $750 in a bank. The
5%3 年
後可多
得單利息$45, 求r 的。 simple interest is calculated at an
interest rate of r% p.a. If the interest rate
increases to 5% p.a., she will get $45
more on simple interest after 3 years.
Find the value of r.

12. 李太 太 向 銀 行 借 款 $240 000 ,


為期 8  12. Mrs. Li borrows $240 000 from a bank
 8.5% for 8 years at an interest rate of
8.5% p.a. on simple interest.
(a) 求需
付的利息。
(a) Find the interest she has to pay.
(b) 銀
行批准 太太把借
款連同
利息分 8
(b) The bank allows Mrs. Li to repay the

每月平
均攤還
,求每
月 的
還款額。
amount by monthly instalments in
(c) 就
每月而
言,利
息佔還
款額的
百分之
幾? 8 years. Find the monthly instalment.
練習 2B 高級

(d) 若轉向一
間銀行借款,年利率改為 (c) What is the percentage of interest in
組合

8.125% ,其餘借款條件保持不變, the monthly instalment?


求每月 還款額的百分變化。 (d) If she borrows money from another
(如
有需要
,答案
準確至 3位
有效數
字。 ) bank at an interest rate of
8.125% p.a. with other conditions
unchanged, find the percentage
change in the monthly instalment.
(Correct your answers to 3 significant
figures if necessary.)

13. 鳳 儀 的月薪是 $15 000 。在每月月初,會 13. The monthly salary of Zoe is $15 000. At

上一個
月剩餘
的金錢
存入銀
行。下
表是今
年首三個月的開支記錄。 the beginning of each month, she will
deposit in a bank the amount of salary
she left in the previous month. The
following table shows the expenditure of
Zoe in the first three months of this year.
月份 一月 二月 三月
Month January February March
開支 $11 400 $9 975 $10 236
Expenditure
2.18 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

(a) 列出 鳳 儀 在下列各月月 初存入銀行 (a) List the amount deposited by Zoe in


的金額。 the bank at the beginning of each of
the following months.
月份 二月 三月 四月
Month February March April
存款
Deposit
練習 2B 高級

(b) 銀行會在每月月尾以年利率 5% 計算 (b) The bank pays Zoe the interest at the
組合

利息一次,並將利息存入戶口內。問 end of every month at an interest rate


鳳 儀 在四 月尾的銀行戶口結餘是多 of 5% p.a. and deposits it into her
少? account. What is Zoe’s account
(c) 假 設 鳳 儀 由 五 月 初 起 , 每 月 將 balance at the end of April?
$4 000 存入銀行。若年利率保持不變, (c) Starting from May, Zoe deposits
問何時 鳳 儀 的銀行戶口結 餘會超過 $4 000 in the bank every month. If
$25 000? the interest rate p.a. remains
unchanged, when will her account
balance exceeds $25 000?

練習 2C
【本練習中,如有需要,答案準確至最接近的元。】

 初 級 組 合                


度一
1. 已
知每半
年計算
複利息
一次,
試完成
下表。 1. Given that the interest rate is
compounded half-yearly, complete the
following table.
每期利率
年利率 存款期 ( 年) 期數
Interest rate per
Interest rate p.a. Time (year) Number of periods
period
1
6% 4
2
練習 2C 初級

2% 24
組合

2. 試完成下表。 2. Complete the following table.


每期利率
本金 期數 本利和
Interest rate per
Principal Number of periods Amount
period
$600 4% 4

$10 000 2.5% 3


第 2 章 續百分法 2.19

3. 已知每半年計算複利息一次,試完成下 3. Given that the interest rate is


表。 compounded half-yearly, complete the
following table.
本金 年利率 存款期 ( 年 ) 本利和
Principal Interest rate p.a. Time (year) Amount
$12 000 2% 2

$25 000 3% 5
練習 2C 初級
組合

4. 浩 華 把 $7 250 存入 銀行 , 年利 率 4% , 4. Howard deposits $7 250 in a bank at an


每年計算複利息一次。問 3 年後所得的 interest rate of 4% p.a. compounded
利息是多少? yearly. What is the interest he will get
after 3 years?

5. 小 雪 把 $9 800 存入銀 行,年利率 6%, 5. Sharon deposits $9 800 in a bank at an


每半年計算複利息一次。 interest rate of 6% p.a. compounded
(a) 求存款 2 年的期數。 half-yearly.
(b) 問存款 2 年所得的利息是多少? (a) Find the number of periods in
練習 2C 初級

2 years.
組合

(b) What is the interest earned by Sharon


after 2 years?

6. 本金 $4 000,存款 4 年,年利率 3%。 6. $4 000 is deposited for 4 years at an


(a) 若以單利息計算,求可得的利息。 interest rate of 3% p.a.
(b) 若 每年 計算 複利 息一 次, 求可得的 (a) Find the simple interest earned.
利息。 (b) If the interest is compounded yearly,
(c) 求複利息和單利息之差。 find the compound interest earned.
(c) Find the difference between the
compound interest and the simple
interest.

7. 已 知 銀 行 A 提 供 的 年 利 率 是 5% , 每 年 7. It is known that Bank A offers an interest


計算複利息一次;而銀行 B 的年利率是 rate of 5% p.a. compounded yearly,
3%,每半年計算複利息一次。若 馮 小 while Bank B offers an interest rate of
姐把 $36 000 存入銀行 2 年,問存入哪 3% p.a. compounded half-yearly. If Miss
一間銀行可得較多利息? Fung is going to deposit $36 000 in a
bank for 2 years, which bank should she
choose in order to get more interest?

程度二
2.20 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

8. 陳 先生把 $4 000 存入銀行,年利率 r%, 8. Mr. Chan deposited $4 000 in a bank at


每半年計算複利息一次。若存款 1 年可得 an interest rate of r% p.a. compounded
本利和 $4 182,求 r 的值。(答案準確至 half-yearly. If an amount of $4 182 was
3 位有效數字。) obtained after 1 year, find the value of r.
(Correct your answer to 3 significant
figures.)

9. 國威 以年利率 8% 投資 $P,每年計算複 9. Kyle invests $P at an interest rate of


利息一次。若 2年後可得本利和 8% p.a. compounded yearly. If an
$1 458,求 P 的值。 amount of $1 458 will be obtained after
2 years, find the value of P.

10. 倩 晴 把 $400 000 存入銀行,為期 3 年, 10. Elsie deposits $400 000 in a bank for
每年計算複利息一次。首年的年利率是 3 years and the interest is compounded
1%,然後每年增加 0.25%。 yearly. The interest rate for the first year
(a) 試分別求第 2 年和第 3 年的年利率。 is 1% p.a. and it increases by 0.25%
each year.
(b) 求該 3 年的總利息。
(a) Find the respective interest rates p.a.
for the 2nd year and the 3rd year.
(b) Find the total interest after 3 years.
練習 2C 高級
組合

 高 級 組 合                


度一
1. 已
知每半
年計算
複利息
一次,
試完成
下表。 1. Given that the interest rate is
compounded half-yearly, complete the
following table.
年利率 每期利率 期數
本金 存款期 ( 年) 本利和
Interest rate Interest rate Number of
Principal Time (year) Amount
p.a. per period periods
$6 000 2% 4

$15 000 5% 4
練習 2C 高級

1
$30 000 3% 1
組合

2. 把 $2 000 存款 2 年,年利率 5%。求下列 2. Given that a principal of $2 000 is


情況所得的本利和。 deposited for 2 years at an interest rate
(a) 每年計算複利息一次 of 5% p.a., find the amount obtained
under each of the following cases.
(b) 每月計算複利息一次
(a) Interest is compounded yearly.
(b) Interest is compounded monthly.
第 2 章 續百分法 2.21

3. 玲 玲 把 $4 800 存入銀行,年利率 3%,每 3. Ling Ling deposits $4 800 in a bank at


3 個月計算複利息一次。問存款 2 年的利 an interest rate of 3% p.a. compounded
息是多少? quarterly. What is the interest after
2 years?

4. 張 先生以年利率 8% 投資 $50 000,為期 1


4. Mr. Cheung invests $50 000 for 1
1 2
1 年。求以每 3 個月計算複利息一次所 years at an interest rate of 8% p.a. Find
2
得之利息與單利息之差。 the difference between the interest
compounded quarterly and the simple
interest.

5. 威 信 把 $15 000 存 入 銀 行 A , 以 年 利 率 5. Wilson deposited $15 000 in Bank A at


1 an interest rate of 3% p.a. compounded
3% 存款 1 年,每半年計算複利息一次
2 1
half-yearly for 1 years.
1 2
(a) 問 1 年後可得的本利和是多少? 1
2 (a) How much would he get after 1 2
(b) 威 信 將 (a) 小題所得的本利和全數提 years?
出,然後存入銀行 B 半年。若銀行 B
(b) Wilson withdrew the amount
提供年利率為 3%,每月計算複利息
mentioned in (a) and deposited it in
一次。求該 2 年威 信 共得的利息金額。
Bank B for half a year. If Bank B
offered an interest rate of 3% p.a.
compounded monthly, find the
interest earned by Wilson for the two
years.

程度二
6. 剛 智 將 $80 000 存入銀行,每 3 個月計算 6. Ricky deposits $80 000 in a bank. The
複利息一次,存款半年後可得利息 interest is compounded quarterly and an
$2 418。求年利率。 interest of $2 418 will be earned after
half a year. Find the interest rate p.a.

7. 鄧 小 姐 把 一 筆 款 項 存 入 銀 行 , 年 利 率 7. Miss Tang deposits some money in a


9%,每月計算複利息一次。存款 2 個月 bank at an interest rate of 9% p.a.
後可得本利和 $73 084.05。求鄧 小姐的存 compounded monthly. After 2 months,
款金額。 an amount of $73 084.05 will be
obtained. Find the initial deposit of
Miss Tang in the bank.
2.22 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

8. 達 文 有一筆款項想作投資,某銀行提供 8. Darwin would like to make an


一個計劃,年利率為 6%,每半年計算複 investment. A bank offers a plan with an
利息一次。若達文 想在 2 年後獲得利息 interest rate of 6% p.a. compounded
$4 000,問他應投資多少金額? half-yearly. If Darwin would like to earn
$4 000 interest after 2 years, how much
should he invest?

9. 嘉 富 於本月初向銀行借款 $36 000,年利 9. Felix borrows $36 000 from a bank at


率為 21%,每月計算複利息一次。若他 the beginning of this month at an
每個月月底還款 $12 400,問還款 3 次後 interest rate of 21% p.a. compounded
他能否清還借款?若否,求尚欠銀行的 monthly. If he repays $12 400 at the end
金額。 of each month, can he settle the loan
after 3 repayments? If not, how much
does he still owe the bank?

10. 李 先生打算將 $15 000 存入銀行,為期 4 10. Mr. Lee is going to deposit $15 000 in a
年。他從各銀行收集得下列三項計劃以 bank for 4 years. The following three
作參考。 plans are gathered for reference.
計劃 年利率 利息計算方法
Plan Interest rate p.a. Calculation of interest
練習 2C 高級

每月計算複利息一次
A 4.56%
練習 2D 初級

Interest compounded monthly


組合
組合

首 3 年 4.5%,然後每年 5% 每半年計算複利息一次
B
4.5% for the first 3 years, and 5% for the following years Interest compounded half-yearly
首年 4%,然後每年增加 0.5% 每年計算複利息一次
C
4% for the first year, and increases by 0.5% each year Interest compounded yearly

(a) 按計劃 A 於 4 年後所得的利息是多少? (a) What is the interest he will get from
(b) (i) 按 計 劃 B 首 3 年 所 得 的 本 利 和 plan A after 4 years?
是多少? (b) (i) How much will he get in the first
(ii) 按 計 劃 B 於 4 年 後 所 得 的 利 息 3 years from plan B?
是多少? (ii) What is the interest he will get
(c) (i) 試分別求計劃 C 第 2 年、第 3 年 from plan B after 4 years?
和第 4 年的年利率。 (c) (i) Find the respective interest rates
(ii) 按計劃 C 於 4 年後所得的利息是 p.a. for the 2nd year, the 3rd year
多少? and the 4th year from plan C.
(d) 問 李 先 生 應 選 擇 哪 一 項 計 劃 才 可 獲 (ii) What is the interest he will get
得最高利息? from plan C after 4 years?
(d) Which plan should Mr. Lee choose in
order to earn the maximum interest?

練習 2D
 初 級 組 合                
第 2 章 續百分法 2.23


1.          200 000     1. The population of a city is 200 000 this
 10% 5  year. If the population of the city
increases by 10% each year, find its
population after 5 years.

2.   $25 000 2. An antique vase is worth $25 000 now.


 8% 10    If its value rises by 8% each year, find
the value of the antique vase after
10 years, correct to the nearest dollar.

3.         500          3. There are 500 tonnes of rubbish at a


landfill (i.e. a waste disposal site)
練習 2D 初級

    1.5%             
 accumulated at present. If the amount of
組合

rubbish accumulated increases by 1.5%


each month, find the amount of rubbish
accumulated at the landfill after one and
a half years, correct to the nearest tonne.

4.           2%     4. According


     2001   to the statistical information,
    1 500
 000   2004       the number of people visiting a theme
park increases by 2% each year. If there
were 1 500 000 people visited the theme
park in year 2001, find the number of
people visited the theme park in year
2004.

5.     100C。若水溫每分 5. The temperature of water in a pot is


鐘降低 6%,求 30 分鐘後水煲內水的溫 100C now. If the temperature of water
度,準確至 3 位有效數字。 decreases by 6% each minute, find the
temperature of water in the pot after
30 minutes, correct to 3 significant
figures.

6. 某雜誌的利潤每月減少 0.8%。若本月的 6. The profit of a magazine decreases by


利潤是 $500 000 ,問該雜 誌 3 個月後的 0.8% each month. If the profit this
利潤是多少?(答案準確至最接近的元。) month is $500 000, what is the profit of
the magazine after 3 months? (Correct
your answer to the nearest dollar.)

7. 昭華 三年前買入一部數碼攝錄機,當時 7. Brenda bought a digital video camera at


的售價是 $8 250。若該部攝錄機每年折舊 $8 250 three years ago. If the video
20%,問它現時的價值是多少? camera depreciates by 20% each year,
what is its present value?
2.24 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

程度二
8. 兩年前,路線 A 小巴平均每天有 20 000 8. Two years ago, there were on average
名乘客。若過去兩年該路線的小巴平均每 20 000 passengers taking a minibus of
天乘客數目每半年增加 10%,求現時路 route A each day. If the average number
線 A 小巴的平均每天乘客數目。 of passengers each day has increased by
10% every half year for the past two
years, find the present average number
of passengers taking the minibus of
route A each day.

9. 某機器現在的價值是 $72 311。若該機器 9. The value of a machine is $72 311 at


每年的折舊率是 11% ,求它 6 年前的價 present. If the depreciation rate is 11%
值,準確至最接近的元。 each year, find the price of the machine
6 years ago, correct to the nearest dollar.

10. 一套音響器材每年的折舊率是 25%,現 10. The depreciation rate of a hi-fi set is


時的價值是 $10 350。 25% each year. Its present value is
$10 350.
(a) 求 2 年前的價值。
(a) Find its value 2 years ago.
(b) 求 7 年後的價值,準確至最接近的元。
(b) Find its value after 7 years, correct
(c) 問 多 少 年 後 該 音 響 器 材 的 價 值 會 少 to the nearest dollar.
於 $1 000? (c) After how many years will the value
of the hi-fi set be less than $1 000?

 高 級 組 合                


度一
1. 某時裝店於 2001 年的營業額是 1. A boutique had a turnover of $2 100 000
$2 100 000。
若該時
裝店的
營業額每
年增加12%,
求該時
裝店於2004 in year 2001. Given that the turnover of
 the boutique has increased by 12% each
year since year 2001, find the turnover
of the boutique in year 2004.
練習 2D 高級
組合
第 2 章 續百分法 2.25

2. 某泳池 現有 300 m 3 的水。若將水注入 2. There is 300 m 3 of water in a swimming


泳池使池水每 增加5% ,
分鐘 問 30 分鐘後 泳池水
 的體 少?( 答案
 積是多 pool now. If water is poured into the
準確至
最接近 3
的m ) swimming pool such that the volume of
water increases by 5% each minute, find
the volume of water in the swimming
pool after 30 minutes, correct to the
nearest m 3 .

3. 麥 先生現時繳交的保險費是 $14 000   3. The present insurance premium paid by



險費每年增加5%,求他 2年後
的保險
費金額
。 Mr. Mak is $14 000. If the insurance
premium increases by 5% each year, find
his insurance premium after 2 years.

4. 某部電子辭典機現 $1 800 。若該電子辭 4. An electronic dictionary costs $1 800 at


典機每年折舊15%   4 年後的價是
 多少? ( present. If it depreciates by 15% each
準確至
最接近的元
) year, what will be its value after
4 years? (Correct your answer to the
nearest dollar.)
練習 2D 高級
組合

5. 10 年前,
於第三季入住 某酒店的 日本 遊 5. 10 years ago, there were 21 000 tourists
客有21 000 名。過去 10                 from Japan stayed in a hotel in the third
每年減少2%      遊
客人 數 較 10  quarter. For the past 10 years, the
前同期減
少了多少(答
? 案準確至 最接近
的整數 。 ) number of tourists from Japan stayed in
the hotel in the third quarter has
decreased by 2% each year. How many
less tourists from Japan stayed in the
hotel in the third quarter this year in
comparison with those during the same
period 10 years ago? (Correct your
answer to the nearest integer.)


度二
6. 某 部 暖 爐 能 將 室  溫
 度  5 分鐘提高
 每 6. A heater can raise the temperature of a
12% 。若現時室 的溫度為
   12C,問 30 room by 12% every 5 minutes. If the
分鐘後室內的溫度是多少?(答案準確至 temperature of a room is 12C now, what
最接近的 C。) is the temperature of the room after
30 minutes? (Correct your answer to the
nearest C.)
2.26 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

7. 某 種 瀕 臨 絕 種 的 雀 鳥 數 量 每 年 減 少 7. A kind of endangered birds decreases by


40%。如果該雀鳥現時只剩下 1 944 隻, 40% each year. If 1 944 endangered
問該雀鳥 4 年前的數量是多少? birds of that kind are left at present, how
many were there 4 years ago?

8. 今年,某城市男性的平均結婚年齡為 35 8. The average marrying age for male in a


歲。過去 20 年,男性的平均結婚年齡每 city is 35 this year. For the past 20
5 年提高 10%。問 20 年前該城市男性的 years, the average marrying age for male
平均結婚年齡是多少?(答案準確至最接 has increased by 10% every 5 years.
Find the average marrying age for male
近的整數。)
20 years ago. (Correct your answer to
the nearest integer.)

9. 某部遊戲機的定價為 $2 500。公開發售後 9. The marked price of a set of TV game


的第 1 年每 2 個月漲價 8%,第 2 年的上 was $2 500. Its value raised by 8% every
半年價格保持不變,然後每 3 個月跌價 2 months in the first year on the market.
15%。求該部遊戲機在公開發售後第 3 年 The value remained unchanged in the
first half of the second year and dropped
年底的價值,準確至最接近的元。
by 15% every 3 months thereafter. Find
練習 2D 高級

the value of this set of TV game at the


end of the third year on the market,
組合

correct to the nearest dollar.

10. 一款手錶在 1997 年的價值為 $9 600,每 10. The value of a watch was $9 600 in year
年按固定的率增長。在 1999 年該款手錶 1997 and its value has increased at a
升值至 $13 824。 fixed rate each year. In year 1999, the
value of the watch increased to $13 824.
(a) 求該款手錶價值每年的增長率。
(a) Find the growth rate of the value of
(b) 假 設 該 款 手 錶 價 值 的 增 長 率 保 持 不 the watch.
變,求它在 2001 年的價值。 (b) Suppose the growth rate of the value
(c) 若從 2002 年起,該款手錶轉為每年 of the watch remains unchanged,
折舊 25%,求它在 2005 年的價值。 find its value in year 2001.
(d) 求由 1997 年至 2005 年,該款手錶價 (c) If the value of the watch has
值的百分變化。 depreciated by 25% each year
starting from year 2002, find its
value in year 2005.
(d) Find the percentage change in the
value of the watch between years
1997 and 2005.

練習 2E
第 2 章 續百分法 2.27

【本練習中,所有問題一律以 2004/2005 年度的徵收率計算。】

2004/2005 年度差餉、物業稅和利得稅的徵收率
Rates for rates, property tax and profits tax
for 2004/2005
項目 徵收率
Item Rate
差餉 5%
Rates
物業稅 16%
Property tax
利得稅  非有限公司 16%
Profits tax  Unlimited companies
 有限公司
17.5%
 Limited companies

 初 級 組 合                


度一
1. 根
據下列
各應課
差餉租,
求各物業全年應繳的差餉。 1. According to each of the following
(a) $84 200 rateable values of properties, find the
annual rates payable.
(b) $264 800
(a) $84 200
(b) $264 800

2. 根
據下列
各應課
差餉租,
求各物業每季應繳的差餉。 2. According to each of the following
(a) $66 000 rateable values of properties, find the
quarterly rates payable.
練習 2E 初級

(b) $1 138 000


(a) $66 000
組合

(b) $1 138 000

3. 根
據下列
各全年
租金收
入,求
各物業
業主應
繳的物
業。 3. According to each of the following
(a) $90 000 annual rental income derived by the
owners of properties, find the property
(b) $144 000 tax payable.
(a) $90 000
(b) $144 000
2.28 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

4.   4. According to each of the following


(a) $6 500 monthly rental income derived by the
owners of properties, find the property
(b) $15 500 tax payable.
(a) $6 500
(b) $15 500

5.            2004/2005  5. The following were the net profits of


  some unlimited companies for 2004/2005.
Find the profits tax payable for each
(a) $64 500 company.
(b) $120 000 (a) $64 500
(c) $850 000 (b) $120 000
(c) $850 000

6.  2004/2005  6. The following were the net profits of


(a) $720 000 some limited companies for 2004/2005.
Find the profits tax payable for each
練習 2E 初級

(b) $462 000 company.


組合

(c) $3 400 000 (a) $720 000


(b) $462 000
(c) $3 400 000


7.   2004/2005          5% 7. It is known that the rates percentage
     2004/2005         $5 480     charge of a shop for 2004/2005 was 5%.
   If the annual rates of a shop for
2004/2005 was $5 480, what was its
rateable value?

8.        2004/2005        8. The property tax of a flat for 2004/2005


$14 208 was $14 208. Find
(a)  (a) the annual rental income for the flat.
(b)  (b) the monthly rental income for the
flat.
第 2 章 續百分法 2.29

9. 一間有限公司在 2004/2005        9. The profits tax of a limited company for


$929 600,
問該公
司的全
年純利
是多少? 2004/2005 was $929 600. What was the
net profit of the company?

10.  2004/2005 年


度的毛  10. The gross profit of an unlimited company

練習 2E 初級
 $480 000 ,開支是 $260 000      for 2004/2005 was $480 000 and its
operating expenses were $260 000. Find

組合

the profits tax payable.

11.        2004/2005 年度須繳付 $840 11. A limited company had to pay the
000 利 得。已 知其開支是
 $3 600 000 profits tax of $840 000 for 2004/2005. It
 is known that its operating expenses
were $3 600 000. Find the gross profit
of the company.

 高 級 組 合                


1.    1. According to each of the following
(a) $38 400 rateable values of properties, find the
quarterly rates payable.
(b) $76 000
(a) $38 400
(b) $76 000

2.   2. According to each of the following


(a) $60 000 annual rental income derived by the
練習 2E 高級

owners of properties, find the property


(b) $96 000
組合

tax payable.
(a) $60 000
(b) $96 000

3.            2004/2005  3. The following were the net profits of


  some unlimited companies for 2004/2005.
Find the profits tax payable for each
(a) $160 000 company.
(b) $470 000 (a) $160 000
(b) $470 000
2.30 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

4. 下
列是一
些有限
公司在2004/2005  所
得的純
利,求
各公司
應繳的
利得。
 4. The following were the net profits of
(a) $35 000 000 some limited companies for 2004/2005.
Find the profits tax payable for each
(b) $8 930 000 company.
(a) $35 000 000
(b) $8 930 000


度二
5.     2003/2004 年 度 繳 交 $3 840  5. The annual rates payable by Miss Ho for
 2004  4  ( 2004/2005  )  her old flat for 2003/2004 were $3 840.
  $88 320 Miss Ho moved to a new flat in April of
2004 (i.e. the first day of the financial
(a)  2004/2005  year 2004/2005), the rateable value of
(b)  new flat was $88 320.
(a) What were the annual rates payable
by Miss Ho for the new flat for
2004/2005?
(b) Find the percentage change in the
annual rates payable by Miss Ho.
練習 2E 高級
組合

6.            2004/2005  6. Macro received the notification of demand


 for rates of his flat for the first quarter of
$572  2004/2005. The quarterly rates payable
were $572. Find the rateable value of the
flat.

7.                 7. Steven owned a flat and it was left


2004/2005             empty for the first half year of
$6 000    2004/2005. In the second half year of
2004/2005, Steven rented the flat out
and got the rental income of $6 000 each
month. How much should Steven pay for
the property tax?
第 2 章 續百分法 2.31

8.      2004/2005          8. The rateable value of a shop for


$62 400 2004/2005 was $62 400.
(a)  2004/2005    5% (a) If the rates percentage charge of a
 shop for 2004/2005 was 5%, find the
quarterly rates payable.
(b)               
(b) Since the rates had not been paid on
                5%         or before the deadline, an additional
 5% was charged on the original rates
payable as a penalty. What were the
quarterly rates payable after the
penalty?

9.   2004/2005 9. Mr. Ng owned two flats. The property


    $15 000  $9 000 taxes of the two flats for 2004/2005 were
 $15 000 and $9 000 respectively. Find
the total annual rental income derived by
Mr. Ng from the two flats.

10.   2004/2005  10   10. For 2004/2005, Mr. Li rented his flat out
練習 2E 高級

$6 144 for 10 months and he had to pay the


組合

property tax of $6 144. Find the monthly


rental income derived by Mr. Li from the
flat.

11.      2004/2005   11. The operating expenses of an unlimited


  $234 000         2.5    company for 2004/2005 were $234 000.
  If the gross profit was 2.5 times the
operating expenses, find the profits tax
payable.

12.        2004/2005       12. For 2004/2005, Kwok Wing Limited


        $460 000 000  $520 000 000  Company bought goods at $460 000 000
 $1 500 000 and sold them at $520 000 000. The
monthly operating expenses of the
(a)  company for the year were $1 500 000.
(b)  (a) Find the net profit of the company.
(b) Find the profits tax payable.

 2F
2.32 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

 2004/2005       

2004/2005 年度薪俸稅免稅額
Salaries Tax Allowances for 2004/2005
基本免稅額 (1)
$100 000
Basic allowance (1)
已婚人士免稅額 (2) $200 000
Married person’s allowance (2)
子女免稅額
Child allowance
第一名及第二名子女 (每名計算) $30 000
For each of the 1st and 2nd child
第三名至第九名子女 (每名計算) $30 000
For each of the 3rd to 9th child
供養兄弟姊妹免稅額 (每名計算) $30 000
Dependent brother/sister allowance (per person)
供養父母 / 祖父母或外祖父母免稅額 (3) (每名計算) $30 000
Dependent parent/grandparent allowance (3) (per person)
額外供養父母 / 祖父母或外祖父母免稅額 (4) (每名計算) $30 000
Additional dependent parent/grandparent allowance (4) (per person)
單親免稅額 $100 000
Single parent allowance
傷殘受養人免稅額 (每名計算) $60 000
Disabled dependent allowance (per person)

註 : (1) 單身人士或選擇分開評稅的已婚人士。
Notes: (1) For a single person or a married couple who choose to be assessed
separately.
(2) 選擇合併評稅的已婚人士及其配偶。
(2) Joint assessment for a married couple.
(3) 年齡六十歲或以上人士。
(3) 60 years old or above.
(4) 與納稅人同住的受養父母 / 祖父母或外祖父母。
(4) Dependent parents/grandparents living with the taxpayer.
第 2 章 續百分法 2.33

2004/2005 年度薪俸稅稅率
Salaries Tax Rate for 2004/2005
應課稅入息實額 稅率 稅款
Net chargeable income Rate Tax
最初的 $30 000 2% $600
On the first $30 000
其次的 $30 000 8% $2 400
On the next $30 000
其次的 $30 000 14% $4 200
On the next $30 000
餘額 20%
Remainder
註 : 徵收的稅款不應超過總入息淨額的 16% 。
Note: Tax charged shall not exceed the standard rate (16%) of tax applied to the
net total income without allowance.

 初 級 組 合                


度一
1. 若 陳 先 生 在 2004/2005 年 度 的 應 課  入  1.實
 息  If 額
the為
 net chargeable income of Mr. Chan
$58 000,
求  先
生應繳
的薪俸。
 for 2004/2005 was $58 000, find the
salaries tax payable of Mr. Chan.

2. 一單身人士在 2004/2005            2. The net chargeable income of a single


$62 500 。
問他應
繳多少款
?
 person for 2004/2005 was $62 500. What
was his salaries tax payable?
練習 2F 初級
組合

3. 求
下列人
士在 2004/2005 年
度可獲
得的免額。 3. Find the allowances for 2004/2005 for
the following people.
(a) 一
單身人
士:需
供養一
名弟弟

(a) A single person who supported a
(b) 一對夫婦:選擇合併評,需供養年逾六十的非同住父 brother.
母。
(b) A couple who supported 2 dependent
parents over 60 years old and elected
the joint assessment.
2.34 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

4. 求
下列人
士在2004/2005 年
度的應
課入 息實額。
 4. Find the net chargeable income for
2004/2005 of the following people.
(a) 一單身人士:全年收入為 (a) A single person who had a total
$120 000,
不需要
供養父
母。 income of $120 000 and did not
support any member of his family.
(b) 一對夫婦:選擇合併評 ,全年收入為$335 000 ,並需供養
(b) A couple who had a total income of
年逾
六十的 同住父母。
 $335 000 and lived with 2 dependent
parents over 60 years old, and they
elected the joint assessment.

5. 下列是一些單身人士在 2004/2005 年度 5. Find the salaries tax for 2004/2005 of


的全
年收入及
供養親屬
的狀況
。求應
繳的薪
俸。 the single person who was paid salaries
of
(a) $92 500
(a) $92 500.
(b) $450 000 ;
供養年
逾六十的
非同住父母。
(b) $450 000 and supported 2 dependent
parents over 60 years old.

6. 下列是一些夫婦在2004/2005          6. Find the salaries tax for 2004/2005 of a


練習 2F 初級
練習 2F 高級

養親
屬的情
況。若
他們選
擇合併
評,
求應繳的薪俸。 couple (suppose they have elected the
組合

joint assessment) who was paid salaries


組合

(a) $225 000;


沒有子
女。 of
(b) $360 000 ;有兩名子女,並供養年逾 (a) $225 000 and had no child.
六十的
同住祖母。
(b) $360 000, had 2 children and lived
with a dependent grandmother over
60 years old.


度二
7. 陳先 生 和 他 太 太 在 2004/2005     7.  The salaries of Mr. Chan and his wife for
收 入 分 $1 別 000
為 000  $440 000      2004/2005 were $1 000 000 and
    $440 000 respectively. If they elected
the joint assessment, find their salaries
tax payable.

8.  女士在 2004/2005 年度的平均月薪是 8. Ms. Chan earned an average monthly


$25 000 ,需
要獨力撫養一名兩大
的兒子,求應
繳的薪俸。 salary of $25 000 for 2004/2005. She
raised her 2-year-old son alone. Find her
salaries tax payable.

 高 級 組 合                
第 2 章 續百分法 2.35


度一
1.  容 小姐在 2004/2005 年度的應課入
息
實
額 $30
為 1. If the net chargeable income of
600 ,問應 繳多少款?
  Miss Yung for 2004/2005 was $30 600,
what was her salaries tax payable?

2.  2004/2005 年
度可獲
得的免額。 2. Find the allowances for 2004/2005 for
the following people.
(a) 一單身人士:需供養年逾六十 的非同住外祖
    

和兩名
妹妹。 (a) A single person who supported a
grandmother over 60 years old and
(b) 一對夫婦:選擇合併評,需供養年
 逾六十的傷殘同住 2 sisters.

(b) A couple who lived with a disable d
father over 60 years old and had
練習 2F 高級

2 children, and they elected the joint


組合

assessment.

3.  2004/2005  3. Find the net chargeable income for


2004/2005 of the following people.
(a)      $155
 000
          
 (a) A single person who had a total
income of $155 000 and supported
2 dependent parents over 60 years
(b)                 $540 000      old.
 (b) A couple who had a total income of
$540 000 and had 3 children, and
they elected the joint assessment.

4.           2004/2005   4. Find the salaries tax for 2004/2005 of


  the single person who was paid salaries
of
(a) $310 000
(a) $310 000.
(b) $114 000  
(b) $114 000 and supported 2 dependent
parents and 1 brother.

5.         2004/2005          5. Find the salaries tax for 2004/2005 of a


    couple (suppose they have elected the
joint assessment) who was paid salaries
(a) $290 000 of
(b) $480 000 (a) $290 000 and had 1 child.
(b) $480 000, had 1 child and supported
2 dependent parents over 60 years
old.


2.36 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

6. 若 黎先生在 2004/2005 年度
應繳交 $1 000 6. If the salaries tax payable by Mr. Lai for
 款,
問他的
應課入 息實額是多少
 ? 2004/2005 was $1 000, what was his net
chargeable income?

7. 惠 美  2004/2005 年 度首 5個月
的月薪
是 7. The monthly salary of Tammy in the first
$18 000 , 其後用
 的
公司將的
月薪調高 5 months of 2004/2005 was $18 000.
5% 。若  是一名單身人士,需供養年逾六 Thereafter, her monthly salary increased
十的 同住父親及祖母,求應 繳 的薪俸。
 by 5%. If Tammy was single and lived
with her father and grandmother who
were over 60 years old, find her salaries
tax payable.

8. 梁    2004/2005 年度的基本月薪是 8. The basis monthly salary of Mr. Leung


$56 000 。由於他的工作表現優異,因此 for 2004/2005 was $56 000. Due to good
額外獲得相等於兩個月月薪的獎勵。            performance, he was paid a bonus
且不
需供養親 屬,求他
應繳的薪俸。 equivalent to two months of his salary.
Mr. Leung was single and did not need
to support his family. Find his salaries
tax payable.

9. 歐    2004/2005          $10 400    9. The salaries tax of Mr. Au for 2004/2005


太太是一名 家庭主 婦,他們
育有一名女兒,且 需供 養 年逾 六十的 同住母
 親
。若 先生
選 was $10 400 with the election of the
擇合
併評,
求他該
年 度
的平均月
薪。 joint assessment. He and his wife, who
was a housewife, had a daughter and
lived with his mother who was over 60
years old. Find the average monthly
salary of Mr. Au for 2004/2005.


章測驗 (時
限: 1小
時 )

甲部 (1) [每題 3 分]
1. 家 遠 的數學考試分數由上學期的 56 分增 1. The mathematics examination marks of
至下學期的 63 分。求家遠 數學考試分數 Robbie increased from 56 in the first
的百分變化。 term to 63 in the second term. Find the
percentage change in the mathematics
examination marks.

2. 陳 先生購買一輛價值 $65 000 的電單車。 2. Mr. Chan buys a motorcycle at $65 000.
該電單車的折舊率是每年 15%,求 3 年 The depreciation rate of the motorcycle
後的價值。(答案準確至最接近的元。) is 15% each year. Find the values of the
motorcycle after 3 years. (Correct your
answer to the nearest dollar.)
第 2 章 續百分法 2.37

3. 志 文 將 $24 000 存 入 銀 行 , 以 單 利 息 計 3. Edmond deposits $24 000 in a bank at an


算,年利率為 2.5%。求 4 年後可得的本 interest rate of 2.5% p.a. on simple
利和。 interest. Find the amount after 4 years.

4. 淑 芬 把 $19 200 存入銀行,年利率 3%, 4. Fiona deposits $19 200 in a bank for two
為期兩年半,每半年計算複利息一次。 and a half years at an interest rate of 3%
問期滿後她可得的利息是多少? (答案準 p.a. compounded half-yearly. What is the
確至小數點後兩個位。) interest earned by Fiona? (Correct your
answer to 2 decimal places.)

5. 某海床上珊瑚的覆蓋範圍是 2 400 m 2 。若 5. At present, 2 400 m 2 of a sea-bed is


珊瑚的覆蓋範圍每年增加 4%,求 10 年 enclosed by coral. If the area of
前珊瑚的覆蓋範圍。(答案準確至最接近 enclosure has increased by 4% each
的 0.1 m 2 。) year, find the area of the sea-bed
enclosed by coral 10 years ago. (Correct
your answer to the nearest 0.1 m 2 .)

6. 關 先生擁有一個住宅單位,該單位每月 6. The monthly rental income derived by


的租金收入是 $7 750。求在 2004/2005 年 Mr. Kwan from a flat for 2004/2005 was
度關先生應繳的物業稅。 $7 750. Find the property tax payable.

甲部 (2) [每題 6 分 ]

7. 一個圓柱體的底半徑和高分別是 4 cm 和 7. The base radius and height of a cylinder


8 cm。如果其底半徑和高分別增加 25% are 4 cm and 8 cm respectively. If the
和減少 40%, base radius increases by 25% and the
(a) 求圓柱體的新體積。(答案以  表示。) height decreases by 40%,
(a) find the new volume of the cylinder.
(b) 求圓柱體體積的百分變化。
(Express your answer in terms of .)
(b) find the percentage change in the
volume of the cylinder.

8. 張 先生 2 年前以每單位 $2.8 認購 10 000 8. Mr. Cheung bought in 10 000 units of a


個單位的基金,過去 2 年該基金的單位 fund at a unit price of $2.8 two years
價格分別增長了 5% 和 10%。 ago. The unit prices of the fund
increased by 5% in the first year and
(a) 求現時該基金的單位價格。 10% in the second year.
(b) 求該基金的單位價格之百分變化。 (a) Find the average unit price of the
(c) 問 現 時 張 先 生 持 有 的 基 金 總 值 是 多 fund at present.
少? (b) Find the percentage change in the
unit price of the fund.
(c) What is the total value of fund
owned by Mr. Cheung at present?
2.38 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

9. 周先生 向朋 友借 了 $84 000 , 分 15 個月 9. Mr. Chow borrows $84 000 from a


平均攤還借款及利息,每月還款額為 friend on simple interest. If he repays
$6 062。若以單利息計算, the amount by 15 monthly instalments of
$6 062,
(a) 求借貸的利息。
(a) find the interest paid.
(b) 求借貸的年利率。
(b) find the interest rate p.a.

10. 一 間有 限公 司在 2004/2005 年 度的 毛利 10. The gross profit of a limited company


是 $3 200 000,而開支是 $1 800 000。 was $3 200 000 for 2004/2005 and the
operating expenses were $1 800 000.
(a) 求該公司應繳的利得稅。
(a) Find the profits tax payable.
(b) 一 間 非 有 限 公 司 在 同 一 年 度 繳 交 相
(b) An unlimited company, with the
等於 (a) 小題的利得稅,而該公司的
operating expenses equivalent to
開支是其純利的 80%。求該非有限公 80% of the net profit, paid the same
司的毛利。 amount of profits tax as in (a) for
2004/2005. Find the gross profit of
the unlimited company.

乙部
11. 在 2004/2005 年 度 李先 生 和他 太 太的 月 11. The respective monthly salaries of Mr.
薪分別是 $36 000 和 $18 000,2004 年年 Lee and his wife for 2004/2005 were
終他們分別多獲發相等於一個月月薪的 $36 000 and $18 000. At the end of year
獎賞。他們育有兩名子女,並需要供養與 2004, each of them was paid one more
month of salary. They had two children
李 先生同住的六十八歲父親。
and lived with Mr. Lee’s 68-year-old
(a) 若 他 們 選 擇 合 併 評 稅 , 求 他 們 的 應 father.
繳稅款。 (4 分 ) (a) If they elected the joint assessment,
(b) 若 他 們 選 擇 分 開 評 稅 , 其 中 李先 生 find their salaries tax payable.
申索供養子女和父親的免稅額,求 (4 marks)
他們二人應繳稅款的總金額。 (b) If they chose to be assessed
(6 分 ) separately where the child and
dependent parent allowances would
(c) 哪 一 種 方 法 , 合 併 評 稅 或 分 開 評 稅 ,
be claimed by Mr. Lee, find their
可繳交較少的稅款?求節省的稅款 salaries tax payable. (6 marks)
金額。 (3 分 )
(c) Which of the methods above, joint
assessment or separate assessment,
would allow them to pay less
salaries tax? (3 marks)
第 2 章 續百分法 2.39

多項選擇題 [每題 3 分]
12. 某班有 36 名學生,其中 12 名是男生。問 12. There are 36 students in a class of which
女生佔全班學生的百分之幾? 12 of them are boys. What percentage of
students are girls?
1
A. 33 % 1
3 A. 33 %
3
B. 50%
B. 50%
2
C. 66 % 2
3 C. 66 %
3
D. 75% □ D. 75% □

13. 某 公司 去年 的員 工人 數是 500 , 而今 年 13. There were 500 employees in a company


則是 640。求員工人數的百分變化。 last year and 640 employees this year.
Find the percentage change in the
A. 21.875% number of employees.
B. 28% A. 21.875%
C. 78.125% B. 28%
D. 128% □ C. 78.125%
D. 128% □

14. 某種細胞的數量每小時增長 20%。若現有 14. The number of a certain kind of cells


50 000 個這種細胞,求 3 小時後該種細 increases by 20% each hour. If there are
胞增加的數量。 50 000 cells at present, find the number
of cells after 3 hours.
A. 30 000 個
A. 30 000
B. 36 400 個
B. 36 400
C. 80 000 個
C. 80 000
D. 86 400 個 □ D. 86 400 □

15. 某地區的人口為 640 000 人。該地區每年 15. The population of a district is 640 000.
的出生率為 2.5%,而死亡率則為 1.4%。 The birth rate of that district is 2.5%
求三年後該地區的人口,準確至 3 位有 each year and the death rate is 1.4%.
效數字。 Find the population of that district after
3 years, correct to 3 significant figures.
A. 661 000 人
A. 661 000
B. 667 000 人
B. 667 000
C. 689 000 人
C. 689 000
D. 718 000 人 □ D. 718 000 □
2.40 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

16. 一部機器現值 $24 500。若該機器每年的 16. The value of a machine is $24 500 at
折舊率是 30%,求 2 年前該機器的價值。 present. If the depreciation rate of the
machine is 30% each year, find the value
A. $45 000 of the machine 2 years ago.
B. $50 000 A. $45 000
C. $55 000 B. $50 000
D. $60 000 □ C. $55 000
D. $60 000 □

17. 嘉恆 的身高為 150 cm,是家輝 的 120%。 17. The height of Ken is 150 cm and it is
家輝 的身高較嘉恆 120% of Frank’s. Frank is
A. 矮 25 cm。 A. 25 cm shorter than Ken.
B. 矮 30 cm。 B. 30 cm shorter than Ken.
C. 高 25 cm。 C. 25 cm taller than Ken.
D. 高 30 cm。 □ D. 30 cm taller than Ken. □

18. 若嘉 華 的月薪比美 儀 多 25%,則美 儀 的 18. If the monthly salary of Benny is 25%


月薪比嘉 華 少 higher than Jenny’s, then the monthly
salary of Jenny is less than that of
A. 20%。 Benny by
B. 25%。 A. 20%.
C. 50%。 B. 25%.
D. 75%。 □ C. 50%.
D. 75%. □

19. 某 住宅 單位 在 2004/2005 年 度的 應課 差 19. The rateable value of a flat for


餉租值是 $96 000,求每季應繳的差餉。 2004/2005 was $96 000. Find the
quarterly rates payable.
A. $1 200
A. $1 200
B. $2 400
B. $2 400
C. $3 600
C. $3 600
D. $4 800 □ D. $4 800 □
第 2 章 續百分法 2.41

20. 一 個住 宅單 位的 業主 在 2004/2005 年度 20. The property tax of a flat for 2004/2005


應繳的物業稅是 $16 128,求該住宅單位 was $16 128. Find the monthly rental
業主的每月租金收入。 income derived by the flat owner.
A. $8 400 A. $8 400
B. $10 500 B. $10 500
C. $42 000 C. $42 000
D. $126 000 □ D. $126 000 □

21. 一筆貸款按單利息計算,年利率為 6%。 21. The interest rate of a loan is 6% p.a. on


若 2 年後須清還本利和 $4 480 ,問該筆 simple interest. If the amount repaid is
貸款是多少? $4 480 after 2 years, how much is the
loan?
A. $3 000
A. $3 000
B. $3 500
B. $3 500
C. $4 000
C. $4 000
D. $4 500 □ D. $4 500 □

22. 本金 $P,年利率 12%,每月計算複利息 22. The principal is $P and the interest rate
一次,求 2 年後的本利和。 is 12% p.a. compounded monthly. Find
12 2 the amount after 2 years.
A. $ P (1  ) 12 2
100 A. $ P (1  )
6 4 100
B. $ P (1  ) 6 4
100 B. $ P (1  )
1 12 100
C. $ P (1  ) 1 12
100 C. $ P (1  )
1 24 100
D. $ P (1 
100
) □ D. $ P (1 
1 24
) □
100

23. 一間非有限公司在 2004/2005 年度的應 23. The profits tax of an unlimited company
繳 利 得 稅 是 $236 800 , 而 毛 利 則 是 for 2004/2005 was $236 800 and the
$3 000 000。求該公司的開支。 gross profit was $3 000 000. Find the
operating expenses of the company.
A. $1 480 000
A. $1 480 000
B. $1 520 000
B. $1 520 000
C. $2 520 000
C. $2 520 000
D. $2 763 200 □ D. $2 763 200 □
2.42 數學新里程 中三上 — 初中附加練習

24. 將一筆款項存入銀行,年利率 10%,每 24. Some money is deposited in a bank at an


年計算複利息一次。若首年的利息是 interest rate of 10% p.a. compounded
$500,則次年的利息是 yearly. If the interest is $500 for the first
year, the interest for the second year is
A. $500。
A. $500.
B. $550。
B. $550.
C. $600。
C. $600.
D. $650。 □ D. $650. □

25. 小 霞 是一名單身人士,需供養年逾六十 25. Heidi was single and lived with her
歲的同住父母及祖父。若她不需要交稅, parents and grandfather who were all
問 她在 2004/2005 年 度總 入 息 的上 限是 over 60 years old. If she did not need to
多少? pay any salaries tax for 2004/2005, what
was her maximum total income?
A. $160 000
A. $160 000
B. $190 000
B. $190 000
C. $280 000
C. $280 000
D. $340 000 □ D. $340 000 □

26. 一間銀行提供 5% 的儲蓄年利率。傑 文 將 26. Alwin deposits two equal amounts in a


兩筆相同的款項存入該銀行。一筆以單利 bank at an interest rate of 5% p.a. The
息計算,而另一筆則以每年計算複利息 interest of one amount is calculated on
一次。若 2 年後複利息比單利息多 $100, simple interest and that of the other
amount is compounded yearly. If the
求存款的總金額。
compound interest is $100 more than the
A. $10 000 simple interest after 2 years, find the
total amount deposited initially.
B. $40 000
A. $10 000
C. $80 000
D. $100 000 □ B. $40 000
C. $80 000
D. $100 000 □